Timeline Sao Tome and Principe

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An African nation of two volcanic islands straddling the equator in the Gulf of Guinea, 200 miles and 150 miles, respectively, off the coast of the western African nation of Gabon. Sao Tome is 30 miles long and 20 miles wide, and Principe about 10 miles long and 4 miles wide. The islands are in one of the continent's most active oil exploration areas. They have a combined population of some 150,000.
 (AP, 7/18/03)(Econ, 7/19/03, p.37)1469-1472    The islands of Sao Tome and Principe were discovered by Portuguese navigators and settled by 1500.
    (AP, 7/18/03)

1469-1472    The islands of Sao Tome and Principe were discovered by Portuguese navigators and settled by 1500.
    (AP, 7/18/03)

1522        The Portuguese crown began administering Sao Tome.
    (AP, 7/18/03)

1573         The Portuguese crown began administering Principe.
    (AP, 7/18/03)

1919        May 29, A solar eclipse occurred that was photographed by two British expeditions, one in Africa and the other in Sobral, Brazil. Arthur Eddington, British astronomer, confirmed Einstein’s prediction of the deflection of light from Principe, a Portuguese island off the Atlantic coast of Africa. In 1980 Harry Colling and Trevor Pinch published "The Golem," an account of the expedition. The play “Rose Tattoo" by Tennessee (Thomas Lanier) Williams was originally titled “The Eclipse of May 29, 1919."
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.E3)(www.bun.kyoto-u.ac.jp/~suchii/Edd.on1919.html)

1975        Jul 12, The islands of Sao Tome and Principe achieved independence from Portugal. Pinto da Costa ruled Sao Tome with an iron fist for 15 years after independence.
    (AP, 7/18/03)(AFP, 9/3/11)

1988        Members of Frente Democrata Crista (FDC) staged an unsuccessful invasion of Sao Tome from bases in Gabon.
    (Econ, 7/19/03, p.37)

1990        Pinto da Costa lost the presidency  of Sao Tome and Principe after introducing reforms, including multi-party democracy that saw the election as president of Miguel Trovoada.
    (AFP, 9/3/11)

1991        Mar 3, Miguel Trovoada was installed as President of Sao Tomé e Principal. The former prime minister had returned from exile to run for president.
    (SC, 3/3/02)(AP, 7/18/03)
       
1996        Jun 30, Voters went 41% for incumbent Miguel Trovoada and 39% for former Marxist ruler Manuel Pinto da Costa. A runoff was scheduled for Jul 21.
    (SFC, 7/3/96, p.C3)

2001        Fradique de Menezes was elected president.
    (AP, 7/18/03)

2003        Jul 16, In Sao Tome, an island nation off West Africa, Pres. Fradique de Menezes was ousted in a coup led by army Maj. Fernando Pereira. The revolt changed control of the impoverished country's new oil wealth.
    (AP, 7/16/03)

2003        Jul 21, In Sao Tome military coup leaders freed seven government ministers detained in last week's bloodless rebellion and resumed talks with international mediators on restoring civilian rule.
    (AP, 7/21/03)

2003        Jul 23, In Sao Tome rebel leaders ended a weeklong bloodless coup after the president signed an accord promising to replace the government and give them amnesty.
    (AP, 7/24/03)

2003        Aug 1, In Sao Tome PM Maria das Neves resigned. Four other government ministers also have offered to resign.
    (AP, 8/1/03)

2005        May 10, The UN children's agency said it is sending medical aid to the West African country of Sao Tome and Principe to combat a cholera outbreak that has infected 131 people, killing three.
    (AP, 5/10/05)

2005        Oct 30, It was reported that tourism in Sao Tome and Principe, hovering around 6,000 per year for the last 10 years, was expected to rise to 25,000 annually by 2010.
    (SSFC, 10/30/05, p.F10)

2006        Jul 30, Residents on the tiny island nation of Sao Tome and Principe off West Africa voted for a new president.
    (AP, 7/30/06)

2010        Nov 19, In the Republic of Congo 8 countries signed a convention to limit the spread of weapons in central Africa, but three countries opted out. Angola, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, The Republic of Congo, Sao Tome and Principe all signed. Burundi, Equatorial Guinea and Rwanda did not sign.
    (AFP, 11/20/10)

2010        In Sao Tome and Principe the Democratic Action party of Pres. Patrice Trovoada won legislative elections.
    (AFP, 9/3/11)

2011        Jul 17, Voters in the tiny west African archipelago of Sao Tome and Principe voted for their next president. 54% of the country's 200,000 people have been described as poor by the UN Development Program (UNDP). Former strongman Manuel Pinto da Costa led the field with 35.85% of the vote. Speaker Evaristo Carvalho was second with 21.82% and will challenge the 73-year-old former president on July 24.
    (AFP, 7/17/11)

2011        Aug 7, Sao Tome and Principe voted peacefully in the second round of a presidential election. Former strongman Manuel Pinto da Costa (75) was elected back to power.
    (AP, 8/8/11)(AFP, 9/3/11)

2011        Sep 3, Sao Tome’s communist-era strongman Manuel Pinto da Costa returned to power when he was invested as president after an election campaign based on fighting corruption.
    (AFP, 9/3/11)

2012        Jul 26, The UN's food agency said 10 Central African countries have agreed to take part in a regional initiative to monitor the Congo Basin, one of the world's largest primary rainforests. They included Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda and Sao Tome and Principe.
    (AFP, 7/26/12)

2013        Apr 7, Missionary Jerry Krause (54) disappeared near Sao Tome island as he flew in a twin-engine Beechcraft 1900C from South Africa to Mali.
    (AP, 4/17/13)

2013        Nov 12, The Sao Tome government and Chinese representatives signed an agreement  to open a trade mission to promote projects in Sao Tome and Principe, 16 years after it broke off relations over the tiny Central African island nation's diplomatic recognition of Taiwan.
    (Reuters, 11/14/13)

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