745AD Some 200,000 Slovenians,
settled in a pocket of the eastern slopes of the Alps, were
threatened by the Avars and the Bavarians. For safety they adopted
Christianity and accepted the protection of the Frankish emperor
(SFC, 5/26/96, T-5)
c1300-1400 In the early 14th century the
Gottscheers settled in the Carniola region of what later became
Slovenia. The Germanic people were sent there to till the land and
pay taxes to the Carinthian counts of Ortenburg and to serve as a
forward guard for the Holy Roman Empire.
(SFC, 6/16/99, p.A12)
c1500-1600 The Predjama Castle was built at the
mouth of a huge cave at Postojna, Slovenia. It was later used by the
highway robber Erasmus Luegger.
(SSFC, 8/18/02, p.C7)
1580 In Slovenia 6 stallions
were brought from Spain to the stable at Lipica (Lipizza) by a
Hapsburg duke. The breed mixed with the Karst horse, native to the
region since Roman times, and with others horses to forge the
(WSJ, 12/22/98, p.A16)
1800 France Presern (d.1849),
author, painter, poet, musician, mathematician and architect, was
born in Slovenia. His image was later featured on Slovenia’s
(SSFC, 8/18/02, p.C6)
1809 Jul 5-1809 Jul 6, Napoleon
beat Austria’s archduke Charles at the Battle of Wagram. He annexed
the Illyrian Provinces (now part of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and
Herzegovina, Serbia, and Montenegro), and abolished the Papal
1901 In Ljubljana, Slovenia,
the Dragon Bridge was built on the site of the former wooden
(SSFC, 5/23/04, p.D9)
1915 May 23, Italy declared war
on Austria-Hungary. Italy entered World War I and came up against
the Austro-Hungarian forces including many Slovenians in the Julian
Alps near Trieste. Over 29 months 12 major battles were fought along
the Soca River.
(AP, 5/23/97)(HN, 5/23/98)(SFEC, 7/9/00, p.T14)
1915-1917 As many as 1 million lives were lost
along the Isonza Front in northern Slovenia.
(SFEC, 7/9/00, p.T14)
1917 Jul 20, The Pact of
Corfu was signed between the Serbs, Croats & Slovenes to form
Yugoslavia. [see Dec 1, 1918]
1917 Oct 24, The Austro-German
army routed the Italian army at Caporetto, Italy. In what came to be
known as the 1st blitzkrieg German and Austro-Hungarian forces took
at least 250,000 Italian soldiers as prisoners on the Isonzo Front.
(HN, 10/24/98)(SFEC, 7/9/00, p.T14)
1918 Oct 29-1918 Oct 31, The
Kingdom of Greater Serbia was proclaimed at Sarajevo in Bosnia
bringing that state into what was later called Yugoslavia. [see Dec
1918 Nov 7, The Yugoslav
National Conference at Geneva decided on the union of Croatia and
Slovenia with Serbia and Montenegro. [see Dec 1]
1918 Nov 24, Another
proclamation took place of the United Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats
and Slovenes. [see Dec 1]
1918 Nov 26, Montenegro deposed
its king who opposed union and voted to join the new Kingdom of
Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. [see Dec 1]
1918 Dec 1, The Kingdom of
Serbs, Croats and Slovenes [later in 1929 to be called Yugoslavia]
was proclaimed by Alexander Karadjordjevic, the son of King Peter of
Serbia. It included the previously independent kingdoms of Serbia
and Macedonia, the Hungarian-controlled regions of Croatia and
Slovenia, the Austrian province of Dalmatia, Carniola and parts of
Styria, Carinthia and Istria. King Alexander I renamed the Balkan
state called the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes to
Yugoslavia in 1929.
1920 Jun 4, The Treaty of
Trianon, signed at Versailles, was forced upon Hungary by the
victorious Allies after WWII and resulted in Hungary giving up
nearly three-fourths of its territory to Romania, Czechoslovakia and
the Kingdom of Serbs, Croat and Slovenes. Hungary lost more than
half its population, including some 3 million Hungarians. Hungary
ceded the hills of Transylvania to Romania.
(HNQ, 7/5/98)(WSJ, 1/2/97,
1920 Oct 10, The Carinthian
Plebiscite determined the border between Austria and the newly
formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
1929 Oct 3, The Kingdom of
Serbs, Croats and Slovenes formally changed its name to the Kingdom
of Yugoslavia. King Alexander I renamed the Balkan state called the
Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, Yugoslavia. The Kingdom had
been formed on December 1, 1918 and was ruled by the Serbian
Karageorgevic dynasty. It included the previously independent
kingdoms of Serbia and Macedonia, the Hungarian-controlled regions
of Croatia and Slovenia, the Austrian province of Dalmatia, Carniola
and parts of Styria, Carinthia and Istria.
(AP, 10/3/97)(HN, 10/3/98)(HNQ, 3/26/99)
1929 Joze Plecnik, architect,
added two foot bridges (Tromostovje) at the heart of the Slovenia’s
capital, Ljubljana. He designed the city for pedestrians and put in
colonnades, market places and loggias insisting that everyday
enterprises deserved monumental surroundings.
(SFC, 5/26/96, T-5,7)(SSFC, 8/18/02, p.C7)
1941-1942 Some 97% of the Gottscheers were moved
north within Slovenia from the area of Kocevje to Rann (later
Brezice). Their peak population numbered some 25,000. They were
driven out of their new homes by Yugoslav partisans after which they
wound up in Austria and then dispersed around the world.
(SFC, 6/16/99, p.A12)
1943 In Slovenia Lojze Grozde
(20), a high school student, was captured as the country was
occupied by Italy and Germany. Communist-run antifascist rebels,
known as partisans, reportedly found a Latin prayer book in his
possession and suspected him of collaborating with Italian fascists.
His mutilated body was found a month later in a forest. In 2010
Grozde was beatified by Pope Benedict XVI.
1945 May-1945 Jun, The graves
of some 1,000 Croatian soldiers killed at this time were found in
1999 near Maribor in eastern Slovenia. Another 6-7,000 bodies were
believed to be buried in the area. Slovenia, which during the war
was occupied by Italy and Germany, became a killing field, as
thousands in the newly formed Yugoslavia, including Germans,
Italians, Hungarians, Croatians, and Serbs, tried to escape to
Austria. The Slovene government began listing "concealed graves" in
2003. By 2010 officials had a list of about 600 suspected graves, at
least one in each community, amounting to perhaps 100,000 bodies.
(SFC, 6/17/99, p.C3)(AP, 11/15/10)
1945 Some 40,000 anti-Soviet
Cossacks, who had surrendered to the British in Austria, were turned
over to the Red Army. Some 30,000 Yugoslavs were handed over to Tito
under the pretense that they were being sent to Italy. The Yugoslavs
were locked into trains and taken to Slovenia, where they were shot
and buried in mass graves.
(WSJ, 3/17/98, p.A16)
1957 Joze Plecnik, Ljubljana
architect, died at age 85. His work included the promenade of Tivoli
Park, the colonnade of the central market, a reworking of the Triple
Bridge and numerous other buildings.
(SFEC, 7/9/00, p.T14)
1989 Feb, The Slovenes formed
an opposition party to Communist rule.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1989-1990 Janez Drnovsek served as the Communist
(SFC, 11/11/96, p.A11)
1990 Apr, A pro-independence
coalition won in Slovenia.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1990 Dec 23, Slovenians voted
overwhelmingly in favor of independence and their republic’s
secession from Yugoslavia.
1991 Jun 24, Croatia and
Slovenia voted to declare independence unless some new agreement was
reached among the Yugoslav republics.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1991 Jun 25, Slovenia
proclaimed independence from Yugoslavia.
1991 Jun 25, The civil war in
Yugoslavia began when Croatia and Slovenia proclaimed independence
from Yugoslavia. Following months of unsuccessful talks among
Yugoslavia’s six republics about the future of the federation, the
western republics of Croatia and Slovenia declared their
independence. Entities of Yugoslavia began to split off leaving
Serbia and Montenegro.
(HFA, '96, p.32)(SFC, 10/18/96,
A16)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(AP, 6/25/01)
1991 Jun 26, Slovenian crowds
gathered to declare their independence. They blockaded the barracks
of the Yugoslav army and their Territorial Defense Force attacked
border crossings and armored columns.
(SFC, 5/26/96, T-5)
1991 Jun 27, Yugoslav army
tanks and helicopters attacked Slovenia. Fighting broke out between
Serbian and Croatian militias. The Slovene militia trapped an
armored column and captured 2,000 soldiers. The prisoners were
released and an agreement was reached for Slovenia to control its
own borders after a 90 day period of int’l. observation.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)
1991 Jul 2, A European
Community-brokered truce between Yugoslavia and the breakaway
republic of Slovenia was shattered as the federal army battled
1991 Aug 5, The Yugoslav army
called off its intervention to Slovenia’s independence.
(SFC, 5/26/96, T-5)
1991 Oct 8, Slovenia and
Croatia began operating independently from Yugoslavia. Slovenia took
over its own borders and began printing its own money.
1991 Dec, Germany gave
diplomatic recognition to Slovenia and Croatia. The EU said it would
recognize Croatia and Slovenia as independent states.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC, 10/6/00, p.A19)
1991 In Ljubljana, Slovenia,
the countercultural center of Metelkova began at an abandoned
Yugoslavian army garrison following independence.
(SSFC, 5/23/04, p.D9)
1992 Jan 15, The Yugoslav
federation, founded in 1918, effectively collapsed as the European
Community recognized the republics of Croatia and Slovenia.
1992 Jan, A cease fire was
arranged by US Sec. of State Cyrus Vance. The EC recognized the
independence of Croatia and Slovenia. The UN approved deployment of
a peace keeping force in Yugoslavia.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1992 May, Bosnia, Croatia and
Slovenia joined the UN.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1992 Dec, In the first
democratic elections Milan Kucan was elected president and Janez
Drnovsek became prime minister.
(SFC, 4/14/97, p.A10)
1994 Istria was the first
region of the former Yugoslavia to be officially designated as a
"Region of Europe". The Istria of 2005, alternatively called Istra
and Istrija, is politically divided into three separate countries:
Croatia, Slovenia and Italy.
1996 May 18, The pope arrived
at Ljubljana’s Brnik airport. He was greeted by Pres. Milan Kucan
and other dignitaries.
(SFC, 5/18/96, p.A-10)
1996 May 29, The property
claims dispute with Italy has stalled Slovenia’s entry into the EC.
A new offer has been made by Slovenia to open its property market
fully within four years of signing an EC association agreement, thus
allowing Italian claimants to buy back lost property.
(WSJ, 5/29/96, p.A6)
1996 Nov 10, Premier Janez
Drnovsek won parliamentary elections but failed to win a majority of
(SFC, 11/11/96, p.A11)
1999 Jun 21, Pres. Clinton
visited Slovenia, met with Pres. Milan Kucan, and praised the
country for standing up to Milosevic and declaring independence.
(SFC, 6/22/99, p.A12)
2000 Dec 10, Slovenia
re-established diplomatic ties with Yugoslavia.
(WSJ, 12/11/00, p.A1)
2002 Sep 10, Martin Strel of
Slovenia finished swimming the 2,360-mile length of the Mississippi.
He began July 4 and covered 11-12 miles per day.
(WSJ, 9/11/02, p.A1)
2002 Sep 26, NATO planned to
issue invitations in November to Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia,
Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia. Expansion would commit
the current 19 members to defend the borders of the new members.
(SFC, 9/26/02, p.A1)
2002 Oct 9, The European
Union's executive Commission declared Bulgaria, the Czech Republic,
Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania,
Slovenia, and Slovakia nearly ready for EU membership and
recommended they be invited to join in 2004. Romania and Bulgaria
likely will be delayed until 2007 because of weak economies, the
Commission said, adding Turkey was the weakest link among
2002 Nov 10, In Slovenia PM
Janez Drnovsek, who has pushed to align the tiny alpine nation
closer with Western Europe, finished 1st in presidential elections
but will have to face a runoff.
2002 Nov 21, The Baltic nations
of Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania joined former communist states
Bulgaria, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia as the next wave of NATO
2002 Dec 1, PM Janez Drnovsek
(52) won Slovenia's presidential election and promised to keep the
former Yugoslav republic on a pro-Western course. In 1999 he had a
cancerous kidney removed, and in 2005 revealed that doctors had
diagnosed "formations" on his lungs and liver in 2001.
(AP, 12/2/02)(SSFC, 12/2/02, p.a10)(AP, 9/29/06)
2002 Dec 13, The EU reached
agreement to accept 10 new countries in 2004. These included Czech
Republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta,
Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia.
(SFC, 12/14/02, p.A3)
2003 Mar 23, Slovenes endorsed
membership in NATO and the European Union.
(AP, 3/23/03)(AP, 3/24/03)
2004 Mar 29, Pres. Bush hosted
a White House ceremony to welcome Bulgaria, Estonia, Lithuania,
Latvia, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia into the NATO alliance.
(WSJ, 3/30/04, p.A1)
2004 Apr 2, In Brussels an
official ceremony welcomed Bulgaria, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia,
Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia into the NATO alliance.
(SFC, 4/3/04, p.A11)
2004 Apr 4, In Slovenia some 95
percent of referendum voters opposed reinstating permanent residency
and other rights to more than 18,000 people, mostly Bosnians, Croats
and Serbs, whose names were stricken from state records following
independence from the former Yugoslavia in 1991.
2004 Apr 27, Russian Foreign
Minister Sergey Lavrov and EU officials signed an accord extending
the EU-Russia partnership accord to Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania,
Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Cyprus and
Malta, which join May 1.
2004 May 1, Revelers across
ex-communist eastern Europe celebrated their historic entry to the
European Union. 10 new members (Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia,
Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia)
joined. Malta joined with 70 exemptions to EU rules. Poland had 43
exemptions. Latvia had 32. The Turkish occupied area of Cyprus was
suspended from entry.
(AP, 5/1/04)(Econ, 2/28/04, p.50)(Econ, 4/16/05,
2004 Oct 3, Slovenians voted in
parliamentary elections. Janez Jansa’s right-leaning party won
weekend elections and promised to maintain Slovenia's pro-Western
course after taking power from the Liberal Democrats.
(AP, 10/4/04)(WSJ, 10/4/04, p.A1)
2004 Nov 9, In Slovenia Janez
Jansa (b.1956) took office as prime minister. He continued in office
2005 Jan 1, Slovenia was
forecast for 3.7% annual GDP growth with a population at 2 million
and GDP per head at $17,700.
(Econ, 1/8/05, p.89)
2005 Jan 22, Donald Trump
married Slovenian model Melania Knauss with all the glamour, glitz
and gold that money and star power can buy.
2005 Apr 23, Prof. Slavoj
Zizek, Slovenian philosopher and cultural theorist of the Univ. of
Ljubljana, attended the world premier of the documentary film
“Zizek" in San Francisco, Ca. His books included “Welcome to the
Desert of the Real: Five Essays on September 11 and Related Dates"
(SSFC, 4/24/05, p.A1)
2005 May 24, In Slovenia police
said Mitja Ribicic (86), a former Yugoslav secret service leader,
has been charged in connection with the revenge killing of thousands
of Slovenes following World War II, the first such charge in this
2005 Jul, Italian police
arrested two Slovenians who allegedly mailed steroids and other
performance-enhancing drugs to U.S. soldiers in Iraq and other
customers around the world.
2006 Feb 16, A government
spokesman said a swan found in Slovenia this month died of the
lethal H5N1 avian flu virus strain, according to laboratory tests
performed in Italy.
2006 Jun 16, EU leaders gave
Slovenia a green light to join the eurozone next year, launching a
new wave of expansion for the currently 12-nation single currency
club. EU leaders also gave their backing to the assessment of the
EU's executive arm that Lithuania would not be ready to join the
eurozone next year because inflation had overshot the limit required
2006 Jul 11, EU finance
ministers made Slovenia the 13th member of the euro zone. This gave
Slovenia 5 months to print and mint euro notes to replace the tolar
on January 1.
(WSJ, 7/12/06, p.A10)
2007 Jan 1, Slovenia adopted
the euro, becoming the 13th EU nation to use the single European
currency. The transition to the euro included a 14-day period for
dual use of the euro and Slovene tolar.
(WSJ, 12/30/06, p.A4)(AP, 1/1/07)
2007 Mar 1, In Brazil Slovenian
Martin Strel approached the halfway point of his attempt to swim the
entire length of the Amazon river, trying to avoid severe burns,
alligators and the dreaded bloodsucking toothpick fish.
2007 Apr 7, In Brazil Martin
Strel, a 52-year-old Slovenian, completed a 3,272 swim down the
Amazon River that could set a world record for distance. In 2000, he
completed an 1,866-mile swim along the Danube. He broke that record
two years later after swimming 2,360 miles down the Mississippi. In
2004 he broke it again by swimming 2,487 miles along the Yangtze
river in China.
2007 Oct 21, Lojze Peterle, a
conservative former prime minister, won the most votes in Slovenia's
tight presidential elections, but fell far short of the majority
needed to avoid a runoff.
2007 Nov 17, Slovenian trade
unions, students and pensioners staged the largest rally in the
country since independence in 1991, blocking traffic in the centre
of Ljubljana for several hours.
2007 Dec 20, Estonia, Hungary,
Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovenia, Slovakia and the Czech
Republic halted land and sea border controls at midnight in a wave
of new members of Europe's passport-free Schengen zone. They all
joined the EU on May 1, 2004.
(AFP, 12/20/07)(WSJ, 12/21/07, p.A1)
2008 Jan 1, Slovenia became the
first of 12 newcomers to take over the rotating presidency of the EU
Union, a big psychological boost to a nation that gained
independence from the ruins of the former Yugoslavia 16 years ago.
2008 Feb 23, Janez Drnovsek
(57), former president of Slovenia, died. He helped lead Slovenia to
independence from Yugoslavia and later enthralled many of his
countrymen by adopting a New Age lifestyle.
2008 Jun 10, President Bush,
speaking in Slovenia at his final EU-US summit, said the United
States and Europe must rally to keep Iran from developing a nuclear
weapon, calling the threat an incredible danger to world peace.
2008 Jul 3, In southeastern
Slovenia two canoes were crushed running over a dam. The next day
divers pulled seven bodies out of the Sava River and fought strong
currents to search for five other people still missing.
2008 Sep 1, Some three weeks
before the Slovenian parliamentary elections, allegations were made
in Finnish TV in a documentary broadcast by the Finnish national
broadcasting company YLE that Slovenia’s PM Jansa had received
bribes from the Finnish defense company Patria (73.2% of which is
the property of the Finnish government) in the so-called Patria
case. Jansa rejected all accusations as a media conspiracy concocted
by left-wing Slovenian journalists, and asked YLE to provide
evidence or to retract the story. Jansa's naming of individual
journalists, including some of those behind the 2007 Petition
Against Political Pressure on Slovenian Journalists, and the
perceived use of diplomatic channels in an attempt to coerce the
Finnish government into interfering with YLE editorial policy, drew
criticism from media freedom organizations such as the International
2009 Nov 14, Tomaz Humar (40),
a veteran Slovenian climber, was found dead on Langtang Lirung in
the Nepalese Himalayas days after he was injured and stranded on the
23,710-foot (7,227m) mountain.
2008 Nov, In Slovenia the
Slovenian Democratic Party lost to the left wing coalition. PM Janez
Jansa was replaced by the Social Democrat leader Borut Pahor.
2008 Slavoj Zizek, Slovenian
writer, authored “Violence." It was a smaller offspring of his
larger book “In Defense of Lost Causes," also published this year.
(SSFC, 9/28/08, Books p.7)
2009 Jul, Slovenian prosecutors
charged a Finnish journalist who had quoted unnamed sources alleging
that former PM Janez Jansa (2004-2008) had taken bribes.
2010 Mar 20, Croatia and
Slovenia hosted the 1st locally organized conference of the heads of
government of the former Yugoslavia.
(Econ, 4/3/10, p.54)
2010 Apr 19, The Slovenian
parliament ratified a border arbitration deal with Croatia vital for
Zagreb's EU membership bid, but the deal still faces a much tougher
test at a June referendum in Slovenia.
2010 May 27, Israel officially
joined the OECD club of rich economies. PM Benjamin Netanyahu
attended a ceremony at the Paris headquarters of the Organization
for Economic Cooperation and Development as it welcomed Israel along
with Estonia, Slovenia and Chile to the 31-nation grouping.
2010 Jul 18, In Slovenia a
cyber mastermind, suspected of creating a malicious software code
that infected 12 million computers worldwide and orchestrating other
huge cyber scams, was arrested and questioned. His arrest came about
five months after Spanish police broke up the massive cyber scam,
arresting three of the alleged ringleaders who operated the Mariposa
botnet, which stole credit cards and online banking credentials. On
July 28 the FBI later said that a 23-year old Slovene known as
Iserdo was picked up in Maribor, after lengthy investigation by
Slovenian police, FBI and Spanish authorities. The FBI also
identified, for the first time, the three individuals arrested in
connection with the case in Spain: Florencio Carro Ruiz, known as
"Netkairo;" Jonathan Pazos Rivera, known as "Jonyloleante;" and Juan
Jose Bellido Rios, known as "Ostiator.
2010 Sep 7, In Slovenia a
government expert said a mass grave has been discovered containing
bodies of about 700 victims killed by antifascists in the wake of
World War II. Researchers examined a pit in a forest near the town
of Prevalje in the country's northeast last week and discovered the
2010 Oct 24, Slovenia elected
Peter Bossman (54), a Ghana-born physician, as its first black
mayor. He is known as the "Obama of Piran," the town where he lives.
2010 Nov 23, Croatia’s Atlantic
Grupa food company took over Slovenia’s Droga Kolinska for $326
million. This was the biggest corporate deal in the Balkans in
(Econ, 11/27/10, p.72)
2010 Dec 9, Former Croatian PM
Ivo Sanader, under investigation in a corruption case, left the
country crossing into Slovenia, hours before parliament voted on
lifting his immunity from prosecution so that he could be detained.
2011 Jun, The FBI and
Interpol conducted "Operation Hive," which resulted in the arrests
of two Metulji operators in Bosnia and Slovenia. The world's biggest
criminal botnet, that has enslaved tens of millions of computers
across 172 countries, was named “Metulji," Slovenian for
2011 Oct 4, It was reported
that NASA has awarded a Pennsylvania company, Pipistrel-USA.com of
State College, a $1.35 million prize for developing an
ultra-efficient electric airplane. Wired Magazine reported that the
winning airplane "was developed and built in Slovenia as a
technology demonstrator for the airplane maker."
2011 Dec 4, Slovenians voted in
an early election expected to bring conservatives back to power,
where they will have to tackle the country's mounting debt,
unemployment and a looming recession. President Danilo Turk said
that "the most important task of the new government will be to
restart economy." The outgoing center-left government of PM Borut
Pahor has failed to push through pension and labor reform requested
by the EU. The center-left Positive Slovenia party won with 28.5% of
(AP, 12/4/11)(AP, 12/13/11)
2011 Dec 5, In Slovenia
preliminary results show Positive Slovenia, a center-left party,
defeated the favored conservatives. The results also indicated that
women won 28 of 90 seats, the most since the country gained
independence from the former Yugoslavia in 1991.
2011 Dec 13, Slovenia’s state
electoral commission said the center-left Positive Slovenia party
won 28.5% of the Dec 4 ballots, or 28 seats in the 90-member
parliament. That is not enough for Positive Slovenia to form a
government on its own.
2012 Jan 27, Fitch ratings
downgraded the debt of Belgium, Cyprus, Italy, Slovenia and Spain
even as European finance chiefs gathering in Davos sought to
reassure global business leaders that Europe is on track to solve
its debt crises.
(SFC, 1/27/12, p.A4)
2012 Feb 10, In Slovenia Janez
Jansa (b.1958), a former prime minister (2004-2008) again took
office as prime minister.
(Economist, 9/22/12, p.63)
2012 Jul, Slovenia’s government
bailed out the country’s leading bank to the tune of some $478
(Economist, 9/22/12, p.63)
2012 Aug 23, In Slovenia a hot
air balloon carrying 32 people, including children, was swept up in
a storm and crashed in a fireball outside Ljubljana. 6 people died
and 26 others were injured.
(AP, 8/23/12)(AP, 2/26/13)
2012 Nov 11, Slovenians voted
for a president, hoping whoever wins will boost the prospects of the
small, economically struggling country. Competing were incumbent
President Danilo Turk (60), former PM Borut Pahor (49) and ruling
center-right coalition candidate, Milan Zver (50). No candidate
appeared to win an outright majority and a runoff was expected next
month between Turk and Pahor.
(AP, 11/11/12)(AP, 11/12/12)
2012 Nov 30, In Slovenia
thousands joined protests against PM Janez Jansa and his cabinet,
accusing them of corruption and fraud and demanding their
(SFC, 12/1/12, p.A2)
2012 Dec 2, Slovenia held a
presidential runoff pitting anti-austerity incumbent Danilo Turk
against former PM Borut Pahor, who has supported some of the
government's budget measures during his campaign. Borut Pahor won
the presidential election, calling for unity.
2013 Jan 8, Slovenia’s official
anti-corruption commission said PM Janez Jansa and opposition leader
Zoran Jankovic had questions to answer.
(Econ, 1/19/13, p.55)
2013 Jan 11, In Slovenia some
10,000 protesters urged PM Janez Jansa and opposition leader Zoran
Jankovic to resign after an official report accused them of graft.
(SFC, 1/12/13, p.A2)
2013 Jan 23, In Slovenia a
massive austerity strike began as the the main coalition partner
walked out of the government over corruption allegations against PM
(SFC, 1/24/13, p.A2)
2013 Feb 8, In Slovenia
thousands of people rallied for and against the center-right
government, adding to the tensions in the small European Union
country where authorities have turned to austerity measures to
revive the economy.
2013 Feb 27, Slovenia’s
Parliament ousted PM Janez Jansa and his conservative government.
The 55-33 no-confidence vote named Alenka Bratusek (42) as prime
(SFC, 2/28/13, p.A2)
2013 Mar 20, Slovenian
lawmakers approved the new-left-leaning Cabinet of PM Alenka
Bratusek, the first female to lead the government since secession
from Yugoslavia in 1991.
(SFC, 3/21/13, p.A2)
2013 May 9, Slovenia’s
government announced an austerity plan designed to raise $707
million in new taxes as part of an effort to balance the budget and
avoid seeking an int’l. bailout.
(SFC, 5/10/13, p.A2)
2013 May 29, The EU granted
France, Spain, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal and Slovenia more time
to bring their budget deficits under control to support the bloc's
shrinking economy. The European Commission approved France’s request
to postpone by 2 years the target of cutting its budget deficit to
3% of GDP.
(AP, 5/29/13)(Econ, 6/1/13, p.55)
2014 Feb 2, Tens of thousands
of people are without electricity in Austria, Croatia and Slovenia
after icy rain and sleet caused major disruptions. Hundreds of
motorists were evacuated overnight from their vehicles in Serbia,
where massive snow drifts have caused widespread travel chaos.
2014 Apr 26, In Slovenia Zoran
Jankovic (61), mayor of the capital, Ljubljana, was chosen the
leader of Positive Slovenia party. The government faced likely
collapse after PM Alenka Bratusek (44), whose government saved the
small EU state from an international bailout, lost her party
leadership. Bratusek's three coalition partners in the four-party
center-left government have said they would step out of the cabinet
if Jankovic, under investigation for corruption, becomes the party
2014 May 5, Slovenian PM Alenka
Bratusek resigned after losing the leadership of her party 10 days
ago, paving the way for an early election.
2014 Jun 8, Slovenia held a
referendum to decide whether sensitive personal information like
sexual or religious orientation in communist-era state security
files should be open to the public.
2014 Jun 20, Slovenia's former
PM Janez Jansa went to prison to begin a two-year sentence for
bribery in an arms deal with a Finnish company. In 2015 a retrial
was ordered by the Supreme Court after the Constitutional Court
overturned his conviction.
(AP, 6/23/14)(AP, 4/23/15)
2014 Jul 13, Slovenes voted in
a second early election in three years amid political instability
that threatened the small nation's bid to pull out of an economic
downturn. Miro Cerar (50), a law expert and the son of Slovenian
Olympic medalist Miroslav Cerar, won with 36 of the parliament’s 90
(AP, 7/13/14)(Econ, 7/19/14, p.48)
2014 Sep 18, In Slovenia an
international whaling conference voted against Japan's highly
criticized plans to resume whaling in the Antarctic next year, but
Japan vowed to go ahead anyway.
2014 Nov 26, Slovenia police
said they have seized 175 kg (385 pounds) of cocaine in one of the
biggest drug busts in the nation in years. The drugs' street value
was estimated at more than $12.5 million.
2014 Nov, In the Czech Rep. two
poisoned letters were intercepted before reaching the intended
recipients, Finance Minister Andrej Babis and Interior Minister
Milan Chovanec. No one was hurt. In December an Italian citizen (24)
from Gorizia, Italy, was arrested in Slovenia.
2015 Jan 5, Bitstamp, a
Slovenia-based bitcoin exchange bitcoin, halted operations and
reported that 19,000 of the currency units had vanished. Bitstamp
resumed operation on Jan 9.
(http://tinyurl.com/ne46mkd)(Econ, 1/10/15, p.58)
2015 Feb 6, In Europe floods
forced hundreds of people from their homes in Albania and Macedonia.
Heavy snow and winds caused traffic havoc in Bosnia, Croatia and
(SFC, 2/7/15, p.A2)
2015 Mar 11, Slovenian police
searched the home of former PM Alenka Bratusek, who is being
investigated on suspicion of abuse of power after her government
unsuccessfully nominated her for the European Commission last year.
Police also searched four other locations linked to Bratusek's
2015 Mar 20, Europol, the
European Union's policy agency, said that raids earlier this week in
Austria, Cyprus, Slovenia and Switzerland led to 26 arrests and the
identification of 14 possible victims of the smugglers. The raids of
brothels and restaurants targeted Chinese criminal networks that
reportedly smuggled people to the continent.
2015 Apr 9, Slovenian Defense
Minister Janko Veber was sacked for using military intelligence to
monitor the state telecoms company ahead of its potential sale.
2015 Jun 13, In Slovenia over a
thousand people marched at the country’s 15th Gay Pride festival
warning their fight was not over since a recently adopted bill
legalizing same-sex marriages could still be revoked in a
2015 Jun 17, Slovenian police
confirmed that former Kosovo PM Ramush Haradinaj (2004-2005), a
guerrilla commander during the 1998-99 Kosovo war, has been detained
by the Slovenian police on a 2006 Serbian arrest warrant.
2015 Jul 29, Croatian lawmakers
voted overwhelmingly to withdraw from a border arbitration with
Slovenia, dealing a further blow to efforts to resolve a
2015 Aug 19, In North Korea the
Slovenian rock band Laibach played to a full house in Pyongyang as
part of the “Liberation Day Tour," coinciding with the Korean
Peninsula’s 70th year anniversary of liberation from Japanese
(SFC, 8/20/15, p.A4)
2015 Oct 16, Hungary said it
will close down its border with Croatia, where it has built a
razor-wire fence, to the free flow of migrants at midnight. Croatia
said it has a plan to manage the flow of migrants agreed with
Slovenia that it will start implementing when Hungary seals off the
(AP, 10/16/15)(Reuters, 10/16/15)
2015 Oct 17, Hungary said it
will temporarily reinstate border controls on its frontier with
Slovenia, after his government sealed off its border with Croatia
overnight to stem the flow of migrants. Migrants streaming across
the Balkans reached Slovenia, diverted overnight by the closure of
Hungary’s border with Croatia.
2015 Oct 18, Buses packed with
migrants backed up on Serbia’s border with Croatia, their passage to
western Europe slowed by a new diversion through Slovenia, which
vowed to limit the influx.
2015 Oct 19, Croatia opened its
border with Serbia for migrants and thousands rushed across. Some
5,000 migrants reached Slovenia from Croatia, with another 1,200 on
their way by train.
(AP, 10/19/15)(Reuters, 10/19/15)
2015 Oct 20, Slovenia deployed
the army to guard its border as thousands of migrants streamed into
the tiny country from the south, and said it may resort to "physical
barriers" like neighboring Hungary if the number of arrivals
continued to grow. At least 12,100 migrants were currently in
Serbia. At least 2,500 migrants were stranded in no man's land
between Croatia and Serbia overnight in cold temperatures.
2015 Oct 21, Refugees from
Asian wars crossed into Slovenia from Croatia as border closures
elsewhere forced them to find new routes to rich European countries
and concern grew over the plight of those stranded in wet, freezing
2015 Oct 22, Slovenia's
Constitutional Court gave the go-ahead for a referendum that could
overturn a law allowing same-sex marriages.
2015 Oct 22, It was reported
that more than 12,000 migrants have crossed into Slovenia in the
last 24 hours and thousands more were expected.
2015 Oct 24, Slovenian
officials staggered to cope and tempers flared at an overcrowded
refugee center as thousands more asylum-seekers poured into the tiny
Alpine nation. Slovenian police estimated some 13,000 people had
entered the country in the last 24 hours.
2015 Oct 26, Croatian police
said that more than 13,000 migrants arrived from Serbia in the past
24 hours, while Slovenian police reported nearly 10,000 arrivals
from Croatia in the same period.
2015 Oct 28, Austria said it
would build a fence along its border with fellow EU state Slovenia
to "control" the migrant influx, in what would be the first barrier
between two members of the passport-free Schengen zone.
2015 Nov 10, Slovenia outlined
plans to build "obstacles", potentially including fences, on its
border with Croatia, as it braced for a new spike in migrants bound
for northern Europe this week.
2015 Nov 11, Slovenia started
erecting a razor wire fence along parts of its border with Croatia
amid heavy security.
2015 Nov 19, Croatia,
Macedonia, Serbia and Slovenia shut their borders to those not
coming from war-torn countries such as Syria, Afghanistan or Iraq,
leaving thousands of others seeking a better life in Europe stranded
at border crossings.
2015 Dec 20, Slovenians held a
referendum on whether to allow same-sex marriage and become the
first former communist nation in Europe to do so. More than 60
percent of the voters opposed the measure in a referendum marked by
(AP, 12/20/15)(AFP, 12/20/15)
2016 Feb 3, Slovenia’s Defence
Minister Andreja Katic said his country will offer military
equipment and up to 15 military instructors to the global U.S.-led
coalition against the Islamic State (IS).
2016 Feb 14, Slovenia said it
would clamp down on the number of migrants allowed to enter the
country, ahead of tougher measures set to be announced by
neighbouring Austria later this week to slow down the influx.
2016 Mar 4, The Slovenian
parliament passed legislation late today that aimed to speed up the
processing of asylum seekers in a country that in recent months has
been flooded with migrants on their way to Western Europe.
2016 Mar 9, Croatia and
Slovenia, two of the countries along the route used by hundreds of
thousands of people in recent months, barred entry to transiting
migrants from midnight. Serbia indicated it would follow suit.
2016 May 12, Slovenia said it
took in its first 28 migrants under an EU relocation scheme that
many other EU countries have been slow to carry out or rejected
outright. Slovenia, with a population of 2 million, has committed to
accepting a total of 587 migrants, or up to 50 per month through
2016 Jul 14, In Slovenia
a small US-registered plane crashed in the west of the country,
killing all 4 people on board.
2016 Jul 30, Russian President
Vladimir Putin struck a conciliatory tone on a visit to Slovenia,
shaking hands and honoring dead soldiers as he tested Western
resolve in maintaining crippling sanctions against the Kremlin for
its role in Ukraine.
2016 Sep 1, In western Slovenia
a small plane crashed in rainy weather, killing 3 people on board.
2016 Nov 17, Slovenia made
access to drinking water a constitutional right in a bid to protect
the Alpine nation's water resources from excessive exploitation.
2016 Nov 18, Police in Slovenia
said they have seized nearly 900 kg (2,000 pounds) of drugs and
detained 10 suspects in the biggest bust in the country in years.
2017 Jan 19, Slovenia said it
will allow hunters to kill 93 brown bears and up to 8 wolves this
year in order to keep those animal populations from growing. Last
year hunters killed 83 bears and 4 wolves.
2017 Jan 31, Slovenia’s
national Statistics Bureau said that the number of overnight stays
by American tourists has jumped by 10 percent in 2016 when compared
to 2015. The tourism boom was partly because it is the native
country of US first lady Melania Trump.
2017 Feb 24, Slovenia
introduced a law on same-sex partnership that grants legal rights to
gay unions but does not allow them to adopt or undergo in-vitro
2017 Apr 24, Six people were
awarded the annual Goldman Environmental Prize. They included Mark
Lopez of southern California for work focusing on contamination from
a battery recycling plant; Rodrigue Mugaruka Katembo of Congo DRC
for efforts to protect the Virunga National Park from oil
extraction; Prafulla Samantara of India for efforts to halt an
open-pit bauxite mine in Odisha state; Uros Maceri of Slovenia for
efforts to halt pollution by the Lafarge Cement Co.; Wendy Bowman of
Australia for her efforts to halt coal mining and pollution in the
Hunter Valley; and Rodrigo Tot of Guatemala for efforts to halt
evictions and government corruption related to nickel mining in El
Estor and Agua Caliente.
(SFC, 4/24/17, p.A10)
2017 Jun 29, An international
arbitration panel granted Slovenia unhindered access to the high
seas for the first time since the breakup of the former Yugoslavia
as part of a ruling aimed at settling a long-running territorial
dispute between Croatia and Slovenia. Croatia walked out of the
arbitration in 2015 and does not recognize the panel's findings. The
court allocated more than two-thirds of the disputed Piran Bay to
Slovenia. Croatia, whose coast stretches for 1,700 km, refused to
accept the ruling, wanting the maritime border to be drawn down the
middle of the bay.
(AP, 6/29/17)(AFP, 2/3/18)
2017 Jul 5, Croatia rejected a
European Commission call for the implementation of an international
arbitration ruling in a longstanding border dispute with Slovenia
that has caused tensions between the EU neighbors.
2017 Sep 15, Slovenia launched
legal action against the European Commission for issuing a permit to
Croatia last July to use the Teran red wine brand in the bloc.
2017 Sep 20, A court in
Slovenia convicted and sentenced two men to prison terms for fatally
beating their friend live on Facebook. In February Ales Olovec (20)
and Martin Kovac (29) beat up Andrej Cekuta (26) after an argument
and streamed it live on social media for 23 minutes before the video
2017 Oct 22, Slovenians voted
in a presidential election. It was expected to be an easy
re-election for President Borut Pahor, a veteran politician and
former model known for his use of social media.
2017 Nov 12, Voters in Slovenia
cast ballots in a presidential runoff, with President Borut Pahor's
bid for re-election facing a tough challenge from ex-comedian Marjan
Sarec, who's now the mayor of a northern town.
2017 Dec 6, Employees at
Slovenia's state intelligence agency went on strike, demanding
higher wages and better working conditions.
2017 Dec 19, The prime
ministers of Croatia and Slovenia failed to break a deadlock over an
international arbitration ruling in a long-standing border dispute
that has led to tensions between the two neighboring European Union
2017 Dec 19, European police
said Slovenian and Croatian security have busted an international
crime syndicate involved in sports corruption, illegal betting and
trying to fix soccer matches in several countries including Serbia,
Macedonia and the Czech Republic. 11 people were arrested.
2018 Jan 17, Police in Slovenia
found 20 migrants from Pakistan in a van that crashed after entering
the country illegally from Croatia on a quest to reach Western
2018 Jan 20, Police in Croatia
and Slovenia said they have busted a human trafficking operation and
released dozens of mostly Chinese nationals who were forced to work
in illegal call centers.
2018 Jan 24, In Slovenia
thousands of public sector workers in Ljubljana staged a one-day
strike and protest demanding higher wages.
2018 Feb 12, Slovenian police
officers began a strike and nurses staged a two-hour walkout a day
later. Last month about 30,000 public sector employees took to the
streets calling for higher wages. Slovenia imposed restrictions on
public sector wage hikes during a financial crisis in 2012. Not all
of these have been lifted.
2018 Feb 14, Most schools in
Slovenia closed as some 40,000 teachers held a one-day strike, the
latest in a week of protests by public sector workers demanding more
pay amid stronger economic growth.
2018 Feb 22, Slovenia's
government sacked the army chief of staff after the military's poor
performance last week at a NATO combat readiness test.
2018 Mar 14, Slovenia's
teachers went on strike for the second time in a month after failing
to reach a deal with the government on higher wages.
2018 Mar 20, Slovenia's
parliament formally acknowledged the resignation of Miro Cerar,
marking the end of his government's mandate. The government will
remain as a caretaker Cabinet until a new one is elected.
2018 Jun 3, Slovenians voted in
a parliamentary election. The anti-immigrant, center-right Slovenian
Democratic Party (SDS) was favored to win but without enough votes
to rule on its own. The anti-immigrant Slovenian Democratic Party
(SDS) won most seats but fell well short of a majority.
(AP, 6/3/18)(Reuters, 6/3/18)(Reuters, 6/4/18)
2018 Jun 7, Slovenia's leading
right-wing politician Janez Jansa, whose party won most votes at
last weekend's parliamentary election, said he will try to form a
coalition government even though most parliamentary groups have
ruled out an alliance with him.
2018 Aug 17, Slovenian MPs
approved center-left candidate Marjan Sarec, a former comedian, for
the post of prime minister, putting an end to weeks of political
uncertainty after inconclusive elections in June.
(AFP, 8/17/18)(AP, 8/17/18)
2018 Aug 29, In Slovenia five
moderate parties signed an agreement to form a center-left
government, sidelining a right-wing group that won most votes during
an inconclusive election in June.
2018 Sep 6, Slovenian police
arrested two people for paramilitary activity after video footage
and photos surfaced on social media of a group of armed, masked men
led by Andrej Sisko, a right-wing former presidential candidate.
2018 Oct 1, Slovenian police
resumed their strike for higher wages, less then three weeks after a
new minority center-left government led by PM Marjan Sarec took
power following a June parliamentary election.
2018 Nov 27, Slovenia said it
has appointed Major General Alenka Ermenc as chief of the army,
making her the only woman in charge of a NATO country's military.
2018 Dec 7, Prosecutors in
Slovenia said they have filed charges against right-wing politician
Andrej Sisko, who was shown leading a paramilitary group in a video
circulating on social media.
2018 Dec 23, In Slovenia human
remains were found near a popular hiking place at Iski Vintgar
gorge. They were later confirmed as those of a Jonathan Luskin of
Wisconsin, who was reported missing to Slovenian authorities on July