home 1955 A
rebellion first began in the south, the year before Sudan gained
independence after joint British-Egyptian control. Fighting lasted
until a 1972 peace agreement, which failed to resolve the
fundamental issues. Fighting resumed in the early 1980s and about 2
million people died over the next two decades. The 2005 peace
agreement granted the south autonomy for six years, at the end of
which a referendum on independence was to be held. Rebels in the
western region of Darfur and in the northeast also have rebelled
against the Khartoum-based government, accusing it of concentrating
wealth in the hands of a politically privileged Islamist elite and
ignoring development in outlying regions. U.N. officials say up to
300,000 people have died in Darfur since 2003 and 2.7 million have
been forced from their homes because of the conflict.
2006 Dave Eggers authored ďWhat
Is the What: The Autobiography of Achak Deng." Deng, a Sudanese
ďlost boy," managed to escape to Ethiopia and work his way to Kenya
and ultimately America in 2001. Eggersí novel is based on interviews
with Deng. In 2010 Deng returned to his home in Marial Bai, South
(SSFC, 12/24/06, p.M1)(Econ, 2/5/11, p.58)
2011 Jan 9, In Sudan millions
of jubilant south Sudanese started voting in an independence
referendum expected to see their war-ravaged region emerge as
Africaís 54th sovereign state. Khartoum's government was expected to
lose a third of its land, nearly a quarter of its population and
much of its main moneymaker, oil. Armed Arab nomads clashed with
tribespeople in the disputed Abyei region for the third day leaving
20 people dead. At least 36 people were reported dead in clashes
over the last three days between tribespeople and Arab nomads near
Sudan's north- south border.
(Reuters, 1/9/11)(Reuters, 1/9/11)(AP,
1/10/11)(Econ, 1/8/11, p.11)
2011 Jan 9, South Sudan
journalist Nhial Bol published the first edition of The Citizen
newspaper to mark the referendum that paved the way for South
Sudan's full independence six months later. In 2015 Bol quit
journalism following death threats.
2011 Jan 10, Thousands of south
Sudanese poured out to vote for a second straight day in a landmark
independence referendum, bringing the region a step closer to
becoming the world's newest state. Former US President Jimmy Carter
told CNN that Sudan's President Omar Hassan al-Bashir offered to
take on all of the country's crippling debt if the south declares
independence after a referendum.
(AFP, 1/10/11)(Reuters, 1/10/11)
2011 Jan 13, South Sudan's
independence vote cleared two major hurdles after former president
Jimmy Carter gave the poll his endorsement and organizers said high
turnout meant the result would be binding. Former US president Jimmy
Carter said that Khartoum wants all of Sudan's $39-billion debt
forgiven, saying he had erred in earlier saying it was ready to
assume the south's share.
(Reuters, 1/13/11)(AFP, 1/13/11)
2011 Jan 15, In South Sudan
voters began celebrating after the end of a weeklong independence
2011 Jan 16, Southern Sudan's
Pres. Salva Kiir offered a prayer of forgiveness for northern Sudan
and the killings that occurred during a two-decade civil war, as the
first results from a weeklong independence referendum showed an
overwhelming vote for secession.
2011 Jan 18, South Sudan
appealed for investors to plough $140 million into its war-hit
wildlife parks, seeking to kick-start a tourism industry and wean
itself off oil months ahead of its expected independence.
2011 Jan 23, South Sudanís
referendum commission's website said provisional results from the
referendum showed that almost 99 percent of voters have chosen
independence, after 98.7 percent of the votes had been counted.
Turnout exceeded 100 percent in several areas, and a top election
official said that some results were being quarantined.
2011 Jan 30, Sudanís government
welcomed the preliminary results of the southern Sudan referendum
but said there was a "huge amount" to do before it becomes an
independent nation. Southern Sudan's referendum commission said
close to 99 percent of south Sudanese chose to secede from the north
in the landmark January 9-15 referendum.
2011 Feb 4, In Sudan two days
of fighting in Malakal, a flashpoint town near the north-south
border, has killed nine people, including a UN staff member.
2011 Feb 5, In South Sudan a
rebellion by former pro-Khartoum militiamen against giving up their
heavy weapons sparked clashes in oil-producing Upper Nile state.
Fighting in Malakal close to the border with the north, has killed
20 people and wounded at least 24. Soldiers in north Sudan's army
fought each other, killing at least 30 in a dispute over who gets to
keep the artillery they are holding in Southern Sudan. The fighting
took place in two towns in Upper Nile state. 11 soldiers were killed
in Paloich and 19 in Melut.
(AP, 2/5/11)(AP, 2/6/11)
2011 Feb 7, Sudan's Pres. Omar
al-Bashir accepted a southern vote for independence in a referendum
that is set to create Africa's newest state and open up a fresh
period of uncertainty in the increasingly volatile region. The final
results of the historic independence referendum showed that 98.83
percent had voted for secession.
(Reuters, 2/7/11)(AFP, 2/8/11)
2011 Feb 9, A south Sudanese
minister, Jimmy Lemi Milla, and his bodyguard were shot dead in Juba
in a revenge killing by the minister's brother-in-law. At least 16
people died when rebels attacked troops in troubled Jonglei state,
breaking a ceasefire signed last month.
(AFP, 2/9/11)(AFP, 2/10/11)
2011 Feb 10, The fighting in
Southern Sudan between the region's army and a rebel faction left
105 people dead, including 39 civilians, 24 southern soldiers and
police officers and 42 rebels. Rebel commander George Athor's troops
captured Fangak a day earlier, and the fighting continued today
until the southern military retook it. Rebel troops attacked the
town of Phom el-Zeraf over two days. Women and children ran for
their lives ó straight into a river, where many drowned or were shot
to death. Some 240 people, mostly civilians, were killed.
(AP, 2/11/11)(SFC, 2/12/11, p.A3)(AP,
2011 Feb 12, In Sudan hundreds
of civilians sought refuge at a UN compound in the contested town of
Abyei following a spate of violence that killed three people from
2011 Feb 15, A senior South
Sudan official said more than 200 people died in a rebel attack in
south Sudan's troubled Jonglei state last week, nearly double an
earlier death toll. Some 20,000 people were displaced by the
(AFP, 2/15/11)(AFP, 2/17/11)
2011 Feb 16, In South Sudan a
one-day meeting began in Juba between leaders of all the southís
parties, the start of a consultation process to draw up a
constitution for the new nation. South Sudan's ruling party accused
northern authorities of arming rebels since the region's landmark
independence vote last month, including renegade troops behind
clashes that killed more than 200 people last week.
2011 Feb 27, In Sudan at least
10 people died when a militia attacked a police post in the disputed
area of Abyei. The fertile area is claimed by both north and south
Sudan and is near several large oil fields.
2011 Mar 1, In Sudan fresh
clashes broke out in the Abyei region between gunmen from the
northern-supported nomadic Arab Misseriya people and local the Ngok
Dinka tribe, who backed the south.
(AP, 3/2/11)(Econ, 5/28/11, p.54)
2011 Mar 2, In Sudan at least
70 people were killed and two villages razed in two days of fighting
in the flashpoint oil-producing border district of Abyei.
2011 Mar 6, In South Sudan
clashes began between government soldiers and a rebel group in the
village of Owachi. More than 60 people, mostly civilians, were
killed over 2 days. More than 7,000 others were displaced. Soldiers
from Southern Sudan's government fired indiscriminately at civilians
and burned and looted homes in Upper Nile state, near the
2011 Mar 12, South Sudan's
ruling party said it has suspended talks with Khartoum after
uncovering a plot overseen by President Omar al-Bashir to topple it
ahead of southern independence in July. Renegotiating a revenue
sharing formula was one of the various issued that Juba and Khartoum
were trying to resolve ahead of July. A pre-dawn rebel attack on the
capital of south Sudan's oil-rich Upper Nile state killed 11 people,
with the army battling to regain control of Malakal. The rebel group
that launched the attack was commanded by a man called Ulony, whose
men fought with the SPLA in Owach, west of Malakal, earlier this
2011 Mar 13, A top Southern
Sudanese official said Southern Sudan is suspending talks and
diplomatic contact with northern Sudan over claims that the northern
government is funding militias in the south.
2011 Mar 17, South Sudan's army
fought heavy battles with militia in the oil-producing Unity state.
At least 59 soldiers and militiamen were killed and dozens wounded
in clashes between the South Sudan army and local militia groups in
three oil-producing states.
(Reuters, 3/17/11)(Reuters, 3/18/11)
2011 Mar 23, South Sudan's army
(SPLA) accused the north of bombing its territory, violating a 2005
peace deal ahead of the oil-producing region's independence.
2011 Apr 5, In South Sudan 13
people died in tribal violence. The governor of Western Equatoria,
Joseph Bangasi Bakosoro, later said gunmen attacked his village
while authorities from the two states were meeting to find ways of
ending hostilities between the communities.
2011 Apr 7, Northern Sudanese
Armed Forces have deployed two Mi-24 helicopter gunships and at
least nine T-55 tanks about 60 miles (100 km) from Abyei's border
according to the US-based Satellite Sentinel Project.
2011 Apr 13, The UN said that
more than 800 people have been killed and 94,000 displaced because
of violence in Southern Sudan this year. A top official warned of a
humanitarian crisis if the violence continues. A militia aligned
with the northern government reportedly attacked el-Feid and the
nearby village of Um Barmbita in the Nuba Mountains of southern
Kordofan state. Attackers burned between 300 to 500 houses and
reportedly killed more than 20 people, including women and children.
(AP, 4/13/11)(AP, 4/20/11)
2011 Apr 21, Rebels in south
Sudan's oil-rich Unity state continued for a third day to attack
southern army positions.
2011 Apr 23, In South Sudan
clashes broke out in the Canal area of northern Jonglei state as
thousands of civilians fled fighting between rebels and south
Sudan's army in oil-producing Unity state. In northern Jonglei state
57 gunmen led by Gabriel Tang were killed in a shoot-out with SPLA
troops, before fleeing into the surrounding bush,
(AP, 4/23/11)(AFP, 4/24/11)(AFP, 4/25/11)
2011 Apr 24, South Sudanís
Brig. Malaak Ayuen, the head of the Southern Sudan's Army
Information Department, said at least 115 people have died in
violence between government forces and a rebel militia in Southern
Sudan this week. Militia chief Gabriel Tang and around 1,300 of his
men surrendered peacefully.
(AP, 4/24/11)(AP, 4/25/11)
2011 Apr 25, South Sudanís army
said at least 165 people have been killed in the past week in
fighting between its army and militia. The UN said more than 800
civilians have been killed since January.
(AP, 4/25/11)(SFC, 4/26/11, p.A2)
2011 Apr 28, Sudanís President
Omar al-Bashir warned that Khartoum will not recognize the new state
of south Sudan when it declares independence in July if it insists
on claiming the disputed Abyei region.
2011 May 1, In Sudan tribal
clashes over a land dispute in the oil-producing state of South
Kordofan left at least 15 people dead. A heavily armed Sudanese
military convoy entered the flashpoint border district of Abyei,
sparking clashes that left up to 14 people dead. Neither the
northern or southern armies are authorized to maintain troops in the
disputed Abyei area.
(AFP, 5/2/11)(AFP, 5/3/11)(AP, 5/4/11)
2011 May 7, In South Sudan
militiamen, under the leadership of Philip Bepan, attacked the
southern Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) in Unity state. They
were chased away and went to Warrap state, where they attacked
cattle camps the next day.
2011 May 8, North and south
Sudan agreed to start withdrawing unauthorized troops from the
flashpoint Abyei border region, a week after clashes there left 14
people dead. The pullout would begin May 10 and be completed within
2011 May 8, In Southern Sudan
rebels attacked cattle herders. 38 militia were killed in the
village of Nadiet. SPLA spokesman Philip Aguer said 34 of those
killed were civilians.
(AP, 5/10/11)(AP, 5/12/11)
2011 May 9, In Southern Sudan
46 militia were killed in fighting in Kuei Koi. Most of the
dead killed over the last 2 days were rebels loyal to Peter Gadet, a
formerly high-ranking army officer who launched his own rebel group.
(AP, 5/11/11)(AP, 5/12/11)
2011 May 10, In South Sudan 4
UN peacekeepers from Zambia were shot and wounded while on patrol in
(SFC, 5/11/11, p.A2)
2011 May 15, Sudan said the
northern ruling party won an election for governor in South
Kordofan, the north's main oil state, after a vote the south said
was rigged, creating a fresh flashpoint before the south secedes in
2011 May 19, In Sudan a UN
convoy transporting 200 northern army troops was attacked as they
were pulling out of the contested region of Abyei along the
north-south border. Sudan's army spokesman said northern troops were
ambushed by the southern army and suffered "huge losses." A
spokesman for the south's Sudan Peoples' Liberation Army (SPLA) said
the northern forces provoked the fighting in at attempt to seize the
disputed area. 70 northern troops were killed and more than 120
others were missing.
(AP, 5/20/11)(AP, 5/24/11)
2011 May 21, Southern Sudan's
army said the northern army is bombing by air for a second day in
the border hotspot of Abyei. Local officials said at least six
rebels and soldiers have been killed in clashes between the southern
army and rebels over the last 24 hours in Unity state. Northern
Sudanese forces with tanks occupied the disputed town of Abyei,
scattering southern troops that were there as part of a joint
(AP, 5/21/11)(AP, 5/22/11)
2011 May 22, Northern Sudanese
troops seized control of most of Abyei district on Sudan's
north-south border as the south accused Khartoum of an "illegal
invasion" that threatens the lives of thousands.
2011 May 23, In Sudan armed men
burned and looted the flashpoint town of Abyei. Southern Sudan's
military said the northern army is moving to carry out a "full-scale
war" in the contested region. Angry Sudanese rallied in the southern
capital of Juba, demanding northern forces end their "invasion" of
the contested Abyei region.
(AP, 5/23/11)(AFP, 5/23/11)
2011 May 24, In Sudan gunmen
from an Arab tribe fired on four UN helicopters taking off from
Abyei a disputed border town at the heart of a new north-south
2011 May 25, Sudan's president
gave northern troops a "green light" to attack southern forces if
provoked. President Barack Obama, speaking at a news conference in
London, called for the rapid reinforcement of UN peacekeeping troops
in the Abyei region, from which tens of thousands of civilians have
fled over the last week.
2011 May 26, South Sudan's
President Salva Kiir called on north Sudan to withdraw its forces
from the disputed Abyei region. He also said there would be no war
over the incursion and it would not derail independence.
2011 May 28, South Sudan's vice
president flew to Khartoum on a mission to "ease tensions" over
Abyei, one week after northern troops overran the contested border
2011 May 28, Sudanís Suna news
agency said Khartoum has ordered the official termination of the
UN's north-south peacekeeping mission on July 9, the date the south
is to declare full independence following a referendum.
2011 May 29, In South Sudan a
week of fighting subsided near water points in Jonglei state with at
least 68 people killed. Nuer tribesmen allegedly attacked the area
and drove off with more than 100,000 cattle owned by the Murle.
2011 May 29, Advocacy group
Satellite Sentinel Project said new satellite images provide
evidence that northern Sudanese troops have committed war crimes,
including ethnic cleansing, in the contested border town of Abyei
where forces rolled in on May 21. Save the Children's U.K. office
said the conflict has displaced up to 35,000 children in the Abyei
2011 May 31, The African Union
said representatives from north and south Sudan have agreed to set
up a demilitarized zone along their shared border, ten days after
the north seized the disputed Abyei region.
2011 Jun 3, The UN Security
Council demanded that Sudan withdraw troops from Abyei and stop
looting and attacks in the region disputed with rival southern
2011 Jun 8, In Sudan an
eyewitness allegedly saw 100 bodies or more put into a pit in
Southern Kordofan state, where the Arab military has been targeting
a black ethnic minority loyal to the military of the newly
independent Republic of South Sudan. On July 14 the Satellite
Sentinel Project released images showing what appeared to be freshly
dug grave sites in Southern Kordofan state. In August satellite
imagery revealed the existence more mass graves, bringing the total
number of mass graves sited there to eight.
(AP, 7/14/11)(AP, 8/24/11)
2011 Jun 9, In Sudan fighting
resumed for a 5th day along the north-south order.
(SFC, 6/10/11, p.A2)
2011 Jun 16, The Sudanese army
said it will continue to fight by all available means to stop the
rebellion in South Kordofan, as concern grew over the humanitarian
impact of the conflict. Aid workers and a UN report said fighting
has erupted along a new front near the internal border between north
and south Sudan with dozens of people reported killed.
(AFP, 6/16/11)(AP, 6/16/11)
2011 Jun 17, The army of north
Sudan shelled a town just south of the flashpoint Abyei border
region, with tensions rising along the frontier just weeks before
southern independence. Satellite images showed northern Sudanese
military vehicles including heavy transports and artillery massing
in the capital of the conflict-stricken Southern Kordofan state.
(AFP, 6/17/11)(Reuters, 6/19/11)
2011 Jun 20, Rival north and
south Sudan signed a deal to demilitarize their disputed frontier
region of Abyei and let in an Ethiopian peacekeeping force. Sudanese
intelligence agents were said to have posed as Red Crescent workers
and ordered some 7000 civilians to leave a UN camp in Kadugli,
Southern Kordofan. The IFRC launched an investigation but found no
evidence that its emblem was misused.
(AP, 6/21/11)(AP, 6/23/11)(AP, 6/28/11)(AP,
2011 Jun 25, A South Sudanese
officials said 8 members of a militia tied to the northern
government were killed during an attack on Turalei. 3 South Sudanese
soldiers were also killed.
(SSFC, 6/26/11, p.A2)
2011 Jun 27, The UN Security
Council ordered a 4,200-strong Ethiopian peacekeeping force to Abyei
to monitor the withdrawal of northern Sudanese troops who occupied
the disputed border region on May 21.
2011 Jun 29, North and south
Sudan agreed to create a demilitarized buffer zone along their
common border just days before the country splits.
2011 Jun, In South Sudan some
400 Murle tribesmen were killed in Pibor county by the Lou Nuer
(Econ, 9/10/11, p.53)
2011 Jul 2, Sudanís northern
army carried out cross-border air strikes that killed three
civilians and wounded 17 in south Sudan's oil-producing Unity state
just a week before independence.
2011 Jul 4, North and south
Sudan agreed to continue negotiating outstanding issues between the
two sides after southern independence on July 9.
2011 Jul 9, South Sudan raised
the flag of its new nation for the first time, as thousands of South
Sudanese citizens and dozens of international dignitaries swarmed
the new country capital of Juba to celebrate the country's birth.
Salva Kiir was sworn in as South Sudan's president. South Sudan
expected to become the 193rd country recognized by the United
Nations next week and the 54th UN member state in Africa.
2011 Jul 13, Sudan's parliament
passed a law cancelling the Sudanese nationality of southerners,
four days after their homeland proclaimed formal independence from
2011 Jul 14, South Sudan became
the newest and 193rd member of the United Nations, as it was
welcomed into the world's top club amid pledges to help one of the
planet's poorest states take its first steps.
2011 Jul 14, The Satellite
Sentinel Project released images showing what appear to be freshly
dug sites in Southern Kordofan state, where Sudan's Arab military
has been targeting a black ethnic minority loyal to the military of
the newly independent Republic of South Sudan. The group said that
an eyewitness reported seeing 100 bodies or more put into one of the
pits on June 8.
2011 Jul 23, In South Sudan
rebel leader Gatluak Gai was shot and killed by his own men in
oil-rich Unity state days after he signed a peace deal to integrate
his forces into the southern army.
2011 Jul 24, Sudan launched a
new currency, six days after the newly independent south did so amid
fears of a currency war, but the central bank said it was ready to
negotiate with Juba on the old money.
2011 Jul 25, A Southern
Sudanese official said northern Sudan has declared "economic war" by
violating an agreement and issuing a new currency just weeks after
the two countries split. He said the north had agreed not to issue a
new currency until six months after the south did. The move will
cost the southern government at least $700 million.
2011 Jul 27, It was reported
that the price of a cow in Juba, South Sudan, has risen to between
$375 and $560. The price for a bride ranged from 150 cows to 400.
(SFC, 7/25/11, p.D2)
2011 Jul 28, South Sudan became
the 54th member of the African Union (AU) after it received a
majority vote from member states, including one from Sudan.
2011 Aug 4, A group of South
Sudanese rebels formerly linked to militia leader Peter Gadet, who
agreed to a ceasefire this week, accused him of taking government
bribes and rejected the peace deal. The splinter faction (SSLM/A)
disowned his accord with the government, adding that it had not
affected the group, which remained with 780 officers and a force of
2011 Aug 5, Sudanís foreign
ministry said it has blocked a shipment of southern oil after Juba
refused to pay customs fees, escalating a row between the two sides,
with the south accusing Khartoum of sabotaging its economy. The ship
was released the next day but negotiations over transit fees
(AFP, 8/5/11)(AFP, 8/6/11)
2011 Aug 9, Chinaís Foreign
Minister Yang Jiechi ended a two-day visit to Khartoum and headed
for Juba, the capital of South Sudan, in the first trip by a senior
Chinese official to the world's newest nation.
2011 Aug 15, The United Nations
called for a thorough probe into alleged war crimes and crimes
against humanity committed in Sudan's South Kordofan region between
June 5-30, shortly before the nation formally separated into two
2011 Aug 18, In South Sudan 125
people were killed in a cattle raid during which tribesmen stole
2,000 cattle in the country's east. 8 villages were destroyed when
warriors from the Murle tribe in Pidor county attacked the Lou-Nuer
tribe of Uror county. On Aug 22 the numbers rose to at least 600
people killed and up to 985 people injured in the clashes. The UN
later said over 25,000 cows were stolen in the attack.
(AP, 8/21/11)(AFP, 8/22/11)(AFP, 9/28/11)
2011 Aug 19, In South Sudan
fighters loyal to rebel leader George Athor crossed the border from
north Sudan and attacked a town in Upper Nile state. The violence
left 60 people dead, including seven soldiers and 53 militia
members. Soldiers managed to repel the attackers.
2011 Aug 20, In South Sudan
Human Rights' representative Benedict Sannoh was severely beaten at
his hotel in Juba. Sannoh, a Liberian, had refused to allow police
to search his room and possessions before the assault. He was
hospitalized for five days and received medical treatment outside
2011 Sep 1, South Sudan
completed the swift circulation of its new currency, a move matched
by Khartoum, but strengthening the south's formal independence from
the north less than two months ago.
2011 Sep 2, South Sudanís
government decided to relocate its capital from Juba to a more
central location in Ramciel, Lakes state. The new capital will have
to be built from scratch.
2011 Sep 8, The governments of
the rival Sudans struck a new agreement to withdraw their troops
from the flashpoint border region of Abyei where UN forces are now
in place. They agreed that between September 11 and 30 there is
going to be a redeployment or withdrawal of the troops" from Abyei
by both sides.
2011 Sep 16, The UNHCR warned
that more than 8,000 people have fled violence in Sudan's South
Kordofan state to South Sudan and more are expected to arrive.
2011 Sep 19, Sudan's official
news agency said Sudan and its newest neighbor, breakaway South
Sudan, have signed their first agreement since their split in July.
The accord sets out 10 crossing points between the two nations for
people and goods.
2011 Sep 23, The Satellite
Sentinel Project said images from Sudan show heavily camouflaged
military equipment and several thousand troops moving south toward
the rebel stronghold of Kurmuk in Blue Nile state. The group said
the force appears to be equipped with tanks, artillery and infantry
2011 Sep 28, South Sudan UN
Rep. Hilde F. Johnson said hundreds of millions of dollars meant for
South Sudan's government have been wired to private bank accounts
abroad. She called such acts unacceptable. President Salva Kiir
announced at UN headquarters that steps were being taken to end
impunity for perpetrators.
2011 Sep 30, Sudan failed to
meet an agreed troop withdrawal deadline for the contested Abyei
region and blocked the return of displaced southern residents.
2011 Oct 8, South Sudanese
President Salva Kiir led the first top-level delegation to Khartoum
since southern secession. After one-to-one talks both presidents
pledged to work together for peace and stability, and to put the
years of conflict behind them.
2011 Oct 9, In South Sudan an
anti-tank mine reportedly blew up a civilian bus killing 20 people,
including four children, in central Unity state.
2011 Oct 29, In South Sudan
about 80 people, including 15 civilians and 60 rebels, were killed
when government forces in the oil-rich Unity state repelled an
attack by rebel militia, most of them fighting under the banner of
the South Sudan Liberation Army (SSLA). Among the dead was the
notorious rebel fighter Colonel Ruadheal Gatwech.
(AFP, 10/29/11)(AFP, 10/30/11)
2011 Nov 1, Japan approved a
plan to send a unit of ground troops to South Sudan as part of a UN
nation-building force, where they are expected to help construct
infrastructure for the fledgling nation.
2011 Nov 10, Military aircraft
from Sudan crossed the new international border with South Sudan and
dropped bombs in and around a camp filled with refugees fleeing
violence in the north. At least 12 people were killed. The violence
in and near the Yida refugee camp, located 10 miles (15 km) south of
the border, came one day after bombings were reported in another
region of South Sudan. A cross-border attack by Sudanese troops on a
military base left 18 fighters dead and 73 wounded.
(AP, 11/10/11)(AFP, 11/11/11)
2011 Nov 12, Global aid
organization Oxfam said it has withdrawn 22 staff from South Sudan's
Upper Nile state because of escalating violence along the newly
independent country's tense border with the north.
2011 Nov 17, Sudanís government
blocked South Sudanese oil exports through its Red Sea port due to a
dispute over transit fees. The pipeline was not been shut down, but
the south was not being allowed to ship its oil cargo out of Port
2011 Nov 18, Amnesty
International reported that South Sudan has released two journalists
without charge who were detained for weeks for criticising President
Salva Kiirís family. Ngor Garang, editor-in-chief of Destiny
newspaper, and reporter Dengdit Ayok were arrested in Juba at the
beginning of this month after Ayok wrote an opinion article accusing
the president of "staining his patriotism" by allowing his daughter
to marry an Ethiopian man.
2011 Nov 20, South Sudan rebel
chief George Athor vowed to continue battling the government in Juba
and demanded new elections to end his bloody war.
2011 Nov 30, Sudan said it will
take 23% of the south's vital oil exports as payment in kind, after
talks in Addis Ababa failed, but will not block Juba's exports.
Sudan was looking to charge the south $36 per barrel for the use of
its oil infrastructure, in contrast to a southern offer of 70 cents.
Southern oil minister Stephen Dhieu Dau rejected the north's fee as
2011 Dec 7, China inserted
itself into the fight over oil between Sudan and its former
territory South Sudan, sending a special envoy to try to break a
deadlock between two rivals who often appear on the brink of renewed
2011 Dec 11, In South Sudan
suspected rebels under the command of renegade general George Athor
attacked Atar town, in Pigi county, killing 9 people, while another
raid cost the lives of two people in Kapat, near the state capital
2011 Dec 19, South Sudanese
rebel chief George Athor was killed in a clash with soldiers of the
newly independent nation.
2011 Dec 25, In South Sudan a
group calling itself the Nuer Youth White Army issued a statement
vowing to "wipe out the entire Murle tribe on the face of the earth
as the only solution to guarantee long-term security of Nuer's
2011 Dec 29, Sudanese air raids
killed 17 people in the South Sudan border state of Western Bahr
al-Ghazal, the second day of stepped-up bombing along the northern
2011 Dec 31, In South Sudan
some 6,000 Lou Nuer gunmen attacked the Murle tribe at Pibor,
torching huts and looting a hospital, and only withdrew after
government troops opened fire. Over 3,000 people were killed in the
brutal massacres that forced tens of thousands to flee.
2011 South Sudanís population
was estimated at 8-14 million.
(Econ, 2/5/11, p.57)
2012 Jan 7, In Sudan aerial
bombing reportedly left 16 villagers and five government troops dead
near the South Sudanese frontier. Rebels later said more bombing the
next day around Al-Buram killed another seven civilians.
2012 Jan 9, In South Sudan
Jonglei state governor, Kuol Manyang Juuk, said that Murle fighters
had burned down three villages, killed at least 24 people and
wounded 20 over the last 24 hours with fighting still ongoing.
(AP, 1/9/12)(AFP, 1/9/12)
2012 Jan 12, In South Sudan
hundreds of armed attackers from Murle ethnic group that suffered a
devastating assault last month charged into three Lou Nuer villages,
burned them to the ground and killed 57 people.
2012 Jan 13, South Sudan signed
its first oil deals with foreign nations since it won independence
last July, inking agreements with Chinese, Indian and Malaysian
2012 Jan 14, The Sudanese
military denied bombing civilians in a Jan 7-8 operation which
rebels said left 16 villagers and five government troops dead near
the South Sudanese frontier.
2012 Jan 16, In South Sudan
members of the Murle community attacked a Lou Nuer community called
Duk Padiet in Jonglei state. 47 people were killed.
2012 Jan 20, South Sudan
ordered the shutdown of oil production that provides some 98 percent
of its revenue, amid a deepening row with Khartoum over pipeline
fees. Shutting down production would not be immediate, and that
South Sudanese President Salva Kiir would meet with Sudanese
President Omar al-Bashir before it was stopped.
2012 Jan 23, South Sudanese
President Salva Kiir accused Sudan of stealing $815 million of the
crude oil that makes up the new nation's economic lifeblood, as it
began a production shutdown in protest. At least one Sudanese
refugee boy was injured and 14 others left missing following an air
raid in South Sudan.
(AFP, 1/23/12)(AFP, 1/24/12)
2012 Jan 28, Sudan agreed to
free ships with South Sudanese oil as a goodwill gesture to ease
negotiations aimed at resolving a furious row over pipeline transit
2012 Jan 28, In South Sudan a
Nuer tribe from Unity state attacked a Dinka community in
neighboring Warrap state. 70 people were reported killed and
attackers took more than 4,000 cattle. On Jan 30 South Sudan accused
its former foes in the Khartoum government of arming gunmen who
killed over 40 people in the cattle raid.
(AP, 1/30/12)(AFP, 1/30/12)
2012 Jan 29, Sudan released
three oil tankers held in a dispute with breakaway South Sudan,
which has accused Khartoum of theft.
2012 Jan 31, Israel's Interior
Ministry said some 7,000 people from South Sudan must leave or face
deportation. Spokeswoman Sabine Haddad said the South Sudanese will
be offered voluntary deportation and around $1,300. After March 31
they will be deported.
2012 Feb 12, Sudan and
breakaway South Sudan agreed to cooperate in the transfer of more
than 300,000 people to the South. The deal allowed South Sudanese to
choose where they want to live and set an April 8 deadline for
500,000 people to go back to their homeland or to "normalize" their
stay in Sudan.
(AFP, 2/12/12)(AP, 2/14/12)
2012 Feb 15, South Sudan said
Khartoum's decision to stop the return of hundreds of thousands of
Southerners by barge on the White Nile was a looming disaster, and
that alternative means were untenable.
2012 Feb 18, It was reported
that more than 3,000 children in northern Uganda are suffering from
a debilitating mystery ailment known as nodding disease. For several
years, scientists have tried and failed to determine the cause of
the illness. Scientists did not know if the disease is linked to
similar outbreaks in neighboring South Sudan and Tanzania.
2012 Feb 22, South Sudan said
it has expelled the Chinese head of the country's largest oil firm
Petrodar, a China-Malaysia-owned company, on charges of colluding
with former civil war foe Sudan to "steal" millions of barrels of
2012 Feb 22, The top US special
operations commander for Africa said US troops helping in the
fight against a brutal rebel group called the Lord's Resistance Army
are now deployed in four Central African countries: Uganda, Congo,
South Sudan and Central African Republic.
2012 Feb 27, South Sudan signed
a ceasefire with the largest of several rebel groups which threaten
the stability of the world's newest nation. The agreement was with
the former rebels of George Athor, in which they agreed to the
amnesty laid down by President Salva Kiir. Athor was killed by
government forces last December.
2012 Mar 1, South Sudan
officials said Sudanese fighter jets have bombed oil and water wells
deep inside South Sudan and its ground troops have crossed into
contested oil-rich border regions. Khartoum swiftly denied the
2012 Mar 5, A marketing
campaign was launched by the Ugandan advocacy group Invisible
Children (www.kony2012.com) to vastly increase awareness about
Joseph Kony, a jungle militia leader wanted for atrocities by the
International Criminal Court and hunted by 100 US Special Forces
advisers and local troops. His Lordís Resistance Army (LRA) was
operating in Congo, the Central African Republic and South Sudan.
2012 Mar 6, Talks between Sudan
and South Sudan resumed in the Ethiopian capital to resolve a
furious oil dispute as tensions remain high between the two nations.
2012 Mar 10, In South Sudan
some 100,000 cows were stolen over the last 2 days as cattle raiders
from the Murle community in Jonglei state attacked the ethnic Lou
Nuer living in neighboring Upper Nile state. The ethnic clashes over
cattle rustling killed more than 200 people, and hundreds more were
2012 Mar 26, Sudan and South
Sudan clashed in the disputed border town of Jau, prompting Sudan to
cancel Pres. al-Bashir's trip to meet with South Sudan President
Salva Kiir next week.
2012 Mar 27, South Sudan said
Sudan's military bombed oil fields in the town of Bentiu.
2012 Mar, South Sudanís
People's Liberation Army, tasked with carrying out a disarmament
campaign among feuding ethnic groups, embarked on a disarmament
campaign. By the end of May more than 10,000 weapons were taken. Aid
groups and community members later alleged that the SPLA was killing
and torturing members of the Murle, who appear to be ostracized by
most other tribes in South Sudan in part because they received
military support from leaders in Khartoum.
2012 Apr 1, In Ethiopia African
Union mediators redoubled their efforts to kickstart crisis talks
between Sudan and South Sudan after fresh fighting that Khartoum
accuses Juba of backing.
2012 Apr 4, South Sudan said it
shot down a Sudanese fighter jet after two military planes dropped
bombs around its oil fields, but Sudan denied it had lost such an
2012 Apr 9, Airlines cancelled
flights from Sudan to the newly independent South, after new rules
treating the route as international took effect.
2012 Apr 10, South Sudanese
troops moved into Heglig, an oil-rich border town claimed by Sudan,
as fighting intensified between the countries over who controls the
2012 Apr 11, Sudan and South
Sudan ordered mass civilian mobilizations for defense as their
armies battled along their contested border, raising the specter of
a return to all-out war.
2012 Apr 12, South Sudan's
President Salva Kiir rejected calls to pull out from contested
border regions, but said he did not want war with Khartoum. Sudanese
war planes dropped five bombs at dawn targeting a strategic bridge
on the edge of Bentiu, the capital of the oil-producing Unity border
2012 Apr 15, The first batch of
Sudanese prisoners of war captured in days of bloody fighting
arrived in the South Sudanese capital, as the South's army said
clashes continued in contested border regions. A Sudanese division
raided Mugum, killed 25 rebels and seized a large quantity of
weapons and equipment.
(AFP, 4/15/12)(AP, 4/16/12)
2012 Apr 16, Sudan's parliament
voted unanimously to brand the government of South Sudan an enemy,
after southern troops invaded the north's main oilfield. The Sudan
Media Center reported that Sudan's army took control of Mugum, a
stronghold of the southern army in Blue Nile state. Officials said
clashes have spread along the border of Sudan and South Sudan.
Sudan's military bombed an oil well outside Heglig.
(AFP, 4/16/12)(AP, 4/16/12)(AP, 4/17/12)
2012 Apr 17, Along the
Sudan-South Sudan border a firefight killed seven South Sudan
soldiers and 15 Sudan soldiers. It reportedly began after a Sudanese
soldier shot a South Sudan soldier who was getting water from the
2012 Apr 19, South Sudan said
it repulsed four attacks from Sudan over a 24-hour period as
fighting on the border showed no signs of slowing. A Sudanese air
raid struck a Heglig oil processing facility, setting it ablaze. A
pipeline was damaged and oil poured into the ground.
(AP, 4/19/12)(AFP, 4/24/12)
2012 Apr 20, Sudan said its
forces have retaken the main town in the Heglig oil region 10 days
after South Sudanese troops seized it. The announcement came shortly
after South Sudanese President Salva Kiir ordered the immediate
withdrawal of his troops from Heglig, following intensified global
diplomatic efforts to pull the two nations from the brink of wider
2012 Apr 21, In Sudan a Muslim
mob has set ablaze a Catholic church frequented by Southern Sudanese
in the capital Khartoum.
2012 Apr 23, Sudanese President
Omar al-Bashir said there will be no more talks with South Sudan, as
fresh Sudanese air raids drew swift condemnation from the US and
France. Sudanese bombs fell on a key bridge and a market, killing at
least two children in the state capital of Bentiu. Sudanís armed
forces commander said more than 1,000 South Sudanese troops died
during the battle for the oilfield of Heglig.
2012 Apr 24, South Sudan's
Pres. Salva Kiir, on a visit to Beijing where he met President Hu
Jintao, said his "neighbor in Khartoum has declared war on the
Republic of South Sudan." Kiir accused Sudan of declaring war as
Khartoum's fighter jets bombed border regions in defiance of
international calls for restraint.
2012 Apr 25, South Sudan freed
14 Sudanese prisoners of war as a "goodwill gesture" despite weeks
of fierce fighting along their contested border. South Sudanís Pres.
Kiir cut short his visit to China amid violence with Sudan, as
Beijing announced plans to send a peace envoy.
2012 Apr 28, South Sudan
government spokesman Barnaba Mariel Benjamin said China has agreed
to loan the country eight billion dollars for infrastructure
2012 Apr 28, Sudan rejected UN
Security Council involvement in efforts to end weeks of border
clashes with South Sudan, which said it repelled an attack by
Khartoum-backed rebels. A Briton, a Norwegian, a South African and a
South Sudanese were captured by Sudanese troops in the oil-rich
region of Heglig. The next day a representative for one of the three
said that they were on a humanitarian mine-clearing mission.
(AFP, 4/28/12)(AP, 4/29/12)
2012 May 2, Sudanese officials
extended the expulsion deadline for thousands of ethnic South
Sudanese encamped south of Khartoum. A UN Security Council
resolution called for Sudan and South Sudan to cease hostilities
along their border, and resume talks to settle unresolved issues.
(AFP, 5/2/12)(AFP, 5/10/12)
2012 May 3, South Sudan
President Salva Kiir, in an appeal for stolen funds to be returned,
wrote a letter to government officials saying corrupt officials have
stolen an estimated $4 billion from the world's newest nation.
2012 May 7, Sudan's finance
minister told parliament that failure to agree with South Sudan on
oil fees has cost the Sudanese economy $2.4 billion dollars. Sudan
resumed its aerial bombardment of South Sudan, violating
international calls for a cessation of hostilities between the two
countries. Attacks over the next 24 hours took place in the states
of Upper Nile, Unity and Northern Bahr el Ghazal.
(AFP, 5/7/12)(AFP, 5/9/12)
2012 May 9, Sudan offered
African tribesmen in the disputed oil-rich region of Abyei its
citizenship in an effort to woo them to the north. Abyei's fate was
left unresolved when South Sudan split from Sudan. Sudanese armed
forces said they have repulsed an attack by Darfur rebels in Gereida
(Girayda). 9 soldiers and an unknown number of rebels were reported
(AFP, 5/9/12)(AP, 5/9/12)
2012 May 12, The first group of
ethnic South Sudanese, among up to 15,000 camped in Sudan, began
their journey home ahead of a major airlift to begin May 13.
2012 May 25, South Sudanís
military said a disarmament campaign has collected more than 10,000
weapons. Recent raids in Jonglei state prompted the government to
launch its fifth disarmament campaign in six years. Leaders of a
minority community said troops shot and killed a teenager while he
was fishing, linking the death to the military's disarmament
campaign. A member of the Murle community said the bodies of two
other people shot by troops were found, bringing the overall death
toll of Murle during the disarmament campaign to at least 14.
2012 May 28, South Sudan said
Sudanese war planes and artillery have bombarded its territory for
the last 3 days on the eve of peace talks, as Southern officials set
off to attend African Union-led negotiations in Ethiopia.
2012 May 29, Sudanese troops
withdrew from the disputed territory of Abyei. Top negotiators for
Sudan and South Sudan met in Ethiopia for their first talks since
deadly border fighting last month took them to the brink of war.
2012 May 31, South Sudan filed
a complaint with the UN over alleged Sudanese attacks. Juba said
attacks numbered more than 100 since November.
2012 Jun 6, In Sudan an
"exceptional" airlift of almost 12,000 South Sudanese ended with a
final flight from Khartoum, but thousands more continue to live in
makeshift conditions while they, too, await transport to the South.
2012 Jun 6, A UN report said
Joseph Kony's Lord Resistance Army has abducted more than 600 child
soldiers and sex slaves over the past two years even as the hunt for
the rebel leader intensifies. At least 591 children, including 268
girls, were reported seized over the same time in Democratic
Republic of Congo, Central African Republic and South Sudan.
2012 Jun 7, In Ethiopia peace
talks between Khartoum and Juba to set up a demilitarized buffer
zone ended with Sudan accusing South Sudan of seeking to create "10
2012 Jun 7, An Israeli court
cleared the way for the deportation of an estimated 1,500 South
Sudanese, after rejecting a petition against a change in the policy
on illegal migrants from there.
2012 Jun 10, Israeli police
rounded up some 25 immigrants, around a third of them from South
2012 Jun 11, Israeli
authorities rounded up 115 of African migrants slated for
deportation, most of them from South Sudan, as the government weighs
tough penalties against Israelis who help illegal aliens.
(AFP, 6/11/12)(AFP, 6/12/12)
2012 Jun 12, Israeli officials
from the Population and Migration Authority said a total of 140
people had been arrested on Jun 10-11, with another 73 picked up in
nationwide raids today. Most of the 213 arrested immigrants were
from South Sudan.
2012 Jun 28, Amnesty
International said both South Sudan's army and rebel groups are
using weapons imported from China, Ukraine and neighboring Sudan in
fighting that has claimed dozens of civilian lives. Amnesty said the
army was using Ukrainian-supplied T-72 battle tanks and that the
rebel SSLA laid Chinese-made anti-vehicle mines and were firing
2012 Jun, South Sudanís
government admitted that itís missing $4 billion in stolen funds,
about double its annual revenue, since the mostly autonomous
administration was set up in 2005 as part of a US-brokered peace
deal that led to independence in 2011.
(SFC, 7/27/12, p.A7)
2012 Jul 5, Rivals Sudan and
South Sudan resumed security talks aimed at easing tensions on the
disputed border, after they failed to reach a deal at negotiations
2012 Jul 7, Sudan and South
Sudan pledged to cease hostilities along their disputed oil-rich
border but stopped short of actually signing an agreement.
2012 Jul 23, Sudan turned down
South Sudan's proposal of a higher oil transit fee and an $8.2
billion financial deal, ruling out any comprehensive settlement of
outstanding issues by the August 2 deadline.
2012 Aug 4, Landlocked South
Sudan said it has a struck a deal with Sudan over the exportation of
oil through Sudan's pipelines. In a statement South Sudan's
government said that it will pay approximately $9.48 a barrel to
transport its fuel through Sudan's pipelines.
2012 Aug 15, The UN food agency
staged a rare air drop of food to thousands of desperate refugees in
South Sudan stranded by floods.
2012 Aug 22, In South Sudan 24
soldiers were killed in clashes with a militia group that the
southern government accuses of subverting a disarmament campaign. 12
soldiers remained missing in Jonglei State.
2012 Aug 29, Israeli Interior
Minister Eli Yishai warned that illegal immigrants from Sudan who do
not leave the country by October 15 will be detained. Israel began
expelling South Sudanese in June.
2012 Sep 4, Sudan and South
Sudan resumed talks in the Ethiopian capital to resolve outstanding
disputes over oil, border demarcation, security and the Abyei
2012 Sep 26, The leaders of
Sudan and South Sudan reached nine agreements but did not work out
the issues surrounding the contested Abyei region or the demarcation
of their shared border. South Sudan President Salva Kiir said the
two countries would sign a "protocol of collaboration" on Sep 27.
2012 Oct 9, Sudanís military
said rebel shelling has killed 5 women and wounded over 20 near the
border with South Sudan.
(SFC, 10/10/12, p.A2)
2012 Oct 16, Sudan said that
fighting in two states along its disputed border with South Sudan
has left over 600 people dead over the past 16 months.
2012 Oct 18, South Sudan
ordered oil companies to restart production and officials said oil
export could resume in about 90 days, ending a nearly nine-month
shutdown following a dispute with Sudan over borders and oil.
2012 Nov 21, In South Sudan an
army official said clashes between troops and Yau Yau rebels have
left at least 16 people dead in Jonglei state.
(SFC, 11/22/12, p.A2)
2012 Nov 23, A South Sudanese
official said Sudan has carried out aerial bombardments on the
northern part of South Sudan in the last three days, killing seven
people and wounding others, accusing their northern neighbor of
breaking an agreement between the two countries to end hostilities.
2012 Dec 11, South Sudan
soldiers were being blamed for the deaths of up to 23 civilians in
two separate regions. The first incident took place in Jonglei state
last week. An official said soldiers rounded up civilians and fired
on the group, killing 13. The UN mission confirmed that nine people
were killed during the two days of violence over the weekend in
Western Equatoria state.
2012 Dec 25, Sudan reportedly
launched attacks in the border area with South Sudan killing at
least five people. Antonov warplanes bombed the village of Werguet,
in Northern Bahr el Ghazal state, while ground forces working with
"militiamen" attacked nearby Kiir Adem.
2012 South Sudanís first major
paved road, from Juba to Nimule, was completed. The cost of paved
roads to connect the cities of the countryís 10 states was later
estimated to cost $7 billion.
(Econ, 5/4/13, p.47)
2013 Jan 17, South Sudan said
it is withdrawing its troops from a disputed border region with
Sudan so that a demilitarized zone can be established.
2013 Jan 19, Officials in
Ethiopia said South Sudan and Sudan have failed to reach an
agreement on security arrangements and oil exports after several
days of talks in Addis Ababa.
2013 Jan 27, In South Sudan a
showdown in the middle of the market town of Pibor between rebels
and South Sudan's military led to the deaths of four civilians and
some 2,000 people seeking refuge with the UN.
2013 Feb 8, In South Sudan 103
people were killed in Akobo County when one tribe attacked members
of the Lou Nuer ethnic group while cattle were being moved across
land. The attackers were believed to be members of the rebel group
led by David Yau Yau of the Murle ethnic group.
2013 Feb 15, The UN said an
outbreak of hepatitis E has killed 111 refugees in camps in South
Sudan since July, and has become endemic in the region.
2013 Feb 19, The Sudanese army
said clashes in the country's south near the border with South Sudan
have killed at least 60 rebels.
2013 Mar 4, South Sudan troops
killed 28 fighters led by the rebel leader David Yau Yau in the
restive state of Jonglei. Ten soldiers were wounded in the fights.
2013 Mar 18, The International
Committee of the Red Cross said more than 60 people have been
wounded in fighting between South Sudan's army and a rebel group
over the last two weeks.
2013 Mar 26, In South
Sudan 143 rebels led by David Yau Yau died in a battle between
soldiers and rebels backed by Sudan. 20 soldiers were killed and 70
2013 Apr 9, In South Sudan
armed rebels that South Sudan believes are backed by Sudan opened
fire on a UN convoy, killing five UN peacekeepers from India and at
least seven civilians.
2013 Apr 12, Sudanese President
Omar al-Bashir traveled to South Sudan for the first time since the
south peacefully broke away from Sudan in 2011. The two presidents
agreed to the free movement of people and goods across the border.
2013 Apr 12, The Small Arms
Survey, an independent Swiss research group, said Sudan has supplied
weapons and ammunition to rebels fighting neighboring South Sudan's
2013 Apr 15, South Sudanís
government, enraged by recent cattle thefts and resulting deaths,
deployed hundreds of soldiers to hunt down the raiders. But an
official later said the security forces instead indiscriminately
shot and killed civilians and burned down houses and shops and
attacked a hospital, where four medical staff and a patient were
2013 May 8, South Sudan's
military spokesman says a rebel force under David Yau Yau has
overrun part of Boma, a town in the country's east near the border
2013 May 19, In South Sudan a
battle in Jonglei state killed 20 rebel fighters and 4 government
troops as the army recaptured the town of Boma, near the border with
Ethiopia, from rebels led by David Yau Yau who took over the town
earlier this month.
2013 May 31, A UN official said
more than 23,500 people have fled fighting in South Sudan's Jonglei
state and sought refuge in neighboring countries of Uganda (2.5k),
Kenya (5k) and Ethiopia (16k).
2013 Jun 2, In South Sudan
cattle rustlers attacked a village killing 11 people and wounding
eight. More than 50 cattle were reported stolen.
2013 Jun 3, The Enough Project,
the Satellite Sentinel Project and two other groups said in a new
report that members of Joseph Konyís LRA have turned to elephant
poaching in CongoDRC and the CAR and that the militia trades illegal
ivory to acquire food and other supplies. The report also said
elephants of Garamba National Park also are being targeted by
"members of the armed forces of (Congo), South Sudan, Sudan, and
Uganda," citing the concerns of park rangers there.
2013 Jun 8, Sudan's President
Omar al-Bashir ordered the closure of pipelines exporting South
Sudanese oil. Al-Bashir said that the move was in response to South
Sudan's funding of rebels fighting his regime.
2013 Jun 28, In South Sudan the
government of the central Lakes state ordered the Good News Radio
station to stop broadcasting for three days for "criticizing the
government." Activists said the station had annoyed the government
by questioning the official line on the death of a civilian in jail,
among other critical reports.
2013 Jul 5, South Sudan accused
Sudan's army of launching two separate attacks with planes and land
troops on areas near their disputed border, in a new sign of
friction between the former civil war foes.
2013 Jul 14, Toby Lanzer, the
UN humanitarian coordinator in South Sudan, said some 200 civilians
have been wounded in ongoing clashes between rival tribes in Jonglei
state. He urged the central government and local officials to stop
"the cycle of violence" that has killed many people and displaced
2013 Jul 23, South Sudan media
said President Salva Kiir has sacked his cabinet, the deputy
president and suspended his top negotiator at talks to defuse
tensions with Sudan.
2013 Jul, In South Sudan 328
people died in ethnic violence this month. Most of the dead were
women and children from the Murle ethnic community in Jonglei state
according to Jongolei Boyoris, a member of parliament in the Jonglei
2013 Aug 5, A South Sudanese
staff member of Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) was killed and
another wounded in an attack by armed men on their vehicle outside
the country's capital, Juba.
2013 Aug 5, One Sudanese
soldier was killed in a clash with troops from South Sudan after a
patrol from the south crossed the border.
2013 Aug 8, In South Sudan
cattle rustlers killed 8 people in Jonglei state. One of the raiders
was also killed.
2013 Sep 13, Human Rights Watch
said South Sudan's army has killed almost 100 members of a small
tribe, executing some of them in cold blood, during seven months of
fighting with rebels in Jonglei state.
2013 Oct 17, In South
Sudan 5 people including four children were killed in a market
when explosives left over from decades of civil war were
accidentally set off on the outskirts of Juba.
2013 Oct 20, In South
Sudan 79 people were killed in attacks on villages in Twic
East county, Jonglei state. Authorities blamed fighters loyal to
anti-government rebel leader David Yau Yau.
(AP, 10/21/13)(AP, 10/23/13)
2013 Oct 23, The UN said
xxtreme floods across vast parts of remote and impoverished South
Sudan have affected over 156,000 people.
2013 Oct 25, A South Sudan army
spokesman said ten soldiers were imprisoned for human rights abuses
perpetrated during a 2012 campaign to disarm fighters from warring
2013 Oct 27, Hundreds of
Sudanese in the disputed border region of Abyei voted in a
referendum that they hope will decide whether they join Sudan or
2013 Dec 15, In South Sudan
violence erupted when the presidential guard attempted to disarm
fellow guard members who belong to the Nuer ethnic group.
2013 Dec 16, South Sudan's
President Salva Kiir declared a curfew in the capital Juba after
overnight clashes between rival factions of soldiers followed months
of tension between Kiir and his sacked deputy. Kiir said disgruntled
soldiers and politicians led by ousted VP Riek Macha had attempted
to overthrow the government.
(Reuters, 12/16/13)(AP, 12/16/13)
2013 Dec 18, South Sudan said
at least 500 people, most of them soldiers, have been killed since
Dec 15. The clashes apparently were pitting soldiers from the
majority Dinka tribe of President Salva Kiir against those from
ousted Vice President Riek Machar's Nuer ethnic group. Fighting
spread to Jonglei, the largest state in South Sudan.
2013 Dec 18, In South Sudan
fighting between workers in two oil fields killed at least 16 people
but the government regained in control and oil production was not
2013 Dec 19, South Sudan said
that the government no longer controls Bor, the capital of Jonglei,
its largest and most populous state. Two UN peacekeepers from India
were killed and a third wounded when a UN base was overrun by armed
youths in Jonglei State. Two dozen Dinka officials were killed
during the attack in Akobo.
(AP, 12/19/13)(AP, 12/20/13)(Reuters,
12/20/13)(Econ, 1/4/14, p.36)
2013 Dec 20, The United Nations
says 34,000 people in South Sudan are seeking refuge at UN bases in
three locations across the country.
2013 Dec 20, President Barack
Obama said the United States has deployed 45 military personnel to
volatile South Sudan to protect the embassy and US government
2013 Dec 21, In South Sudan
rebel gunfire hit a US military aircraft trying to evacuate American
citizens caught in a Bor, a battle ground between the country's
military and renegade troops. Four US service members were wounded,
2013 Dec 22, South Sudan's
central government lost control of Bentiu, the capital of key
oil-producing Unity state. Renegade forces loyal to a former deputy
president seized more territory in fighting that has raised fears of
full-blown civil war in the world's newest country.
2013 Dec 23, South Sudan's
government said it will start a major offensive to retake two
strategic towns controlled by rebels loyal to former Vice President
Riek Machar, deepening fears that the conflict is provoking broader
ethnic bloodletting. Some 3,000 foreigners were trapped in Bor as
the city experienced bouts of heavy machine gun fire.
(Reuters, 12/23/13)(AP, 12/23/13)
2013 Dec 24, The UN office of
the Commissioner for Human Rights said a mass grave believed to
contain the bodies of 75 ethnic Dinka soldiers has been found in
South Sudan. Later the office revised that figure to 34 bodies and
75 people feared missing. The UN mission in South Sudan said the
erroneous report was an inflation of a "skirmish" in which 15 people
were killed. The UN Security Council approved plans to increase
number of peacekeepers in South Sudan to 12,500 troops and
(AP, 12/24/13)(Reuters, 12/24/13)
2013 Dec 25, South Sudan's army
battled rebel forces in Malakal while troops flushed out insurgents
in Bor after its recapture.
2013 Dec 26, In South Sudan
heavy fighting raged in the key oil-producing north. Neighbors Kenya
and Ethiopia said they had made "good progress" in efforts to broker
an end to the civil war.
2013 Dec 27, Regional leaders
said South Sudan's government has agreed to end hostilities, at the
end of a crisis summit, raising hopes for a potential breakthrough
in efforts to cease violence that has displaced more than 120,000
people in the world's newest country. An army spokesman said South
Sudanese rebels loyal to former VP Riek Machar have been defeated in
Malakal, the capital of major oil producing Upper Nile state, after
four days of intense fighting.
(AP, 12/27/13)(Reuters, 12/27/13)
2013 Dec 28, In South Sudan
some 25,000 young men, who make up a tribal militia known as the
"White Army," began marching on Bor. The youths are from the Lou
Nuer sub-clan ó the same tribe as opposition leader former VP Riek
Machar. Nuer community leaders in Jonglei state soon persuaded the
"White Army" fighters to go home.
(AP, 12/28/13)(AP, 12/29/13)
2013 Dec 29, South Sudan's army
fought with "White Army" ethnic militia, accusing rebels of
mobilizing the force despite its offer of a truce to end the
conflict in the new country.
2013 Dec 31, South Sudan's
warring factions agreed to attend peace talks in Ethiopia.
Government troops fought renegade forces loyal to former VP Riek
Machar as well as a pro-Machar tribal militia known as the "White
Army," as rebels tried to retake Bor.
2014 Jan 1, South Sudanese
President Salva Kiir declared a state of emergency in Unity and
Jonglei states. Negotiators from the two warring sides arrived in
Ethiopia for peace talks.
(Reuters, 1/1/14)(AP, 1/1/14)
2014 Jan 2, A South Sudanese
military official says rebels are trying to march on Juba from Bor,
a town under the control of rebel forces. South Sudan's army (SPLA)
advanced towards Bor.
(AP, 1/2/14)(Reuters, 1/2/14)
2014 Jan 3, In Ethiopia South
Sudan's warring parties began negotiations to end nearly three weeks
of raging conflict which has left thousands feared dead and taken
the world's youngest nation to the brink of all-out civil war.
Fighting intensified as the army moved on rebel-held Bor.
2014 Jan 4, South Sudanís rebel
and government sides met mediators from the regional IGAD grouping
in Ethiopia for a second day but did not sit down together.
2014 Jan 5, Fighting continued
across South Sudan, even as peace talks between the government and
rebels were set to begin in Ethiopia.
2014 Jan 6, China, the biggest
investor in South Sudan's oil industry, called for an immediate
ceasefire in the world's newest state as rebel and government
negotiators haggled over the scope of peace talks meant to end three
weeks of fighting.
2014 Jan 6, Sudan's President
Omar al-Bashir arrived in Juba calling for an end to three weeks of
fighting in South Sudan as mediators struggled to get peace
negotiations under way in neighboring Ethiopia.
2014 Jan 7, South Sudanese
rebels and a government delegation started face-to-face peace talks
in Ethiopia to try to end fighting that has left the world's newest
state on the brink of civil war.
2014 Jan 8, South Sudan's
government and rebels were locked in fierce battles across the
country, as peace talks taking place in neighboring Ethiopia
appeared to flounder.
2014 Jan 9, South Sudanese
government forces battled to retake the key rebel-held town of
Bentiu, as thousands of civilians continued to flee fighting and
peace talks appeared deadlocked.
2014 Jan 10, South Sudan said
that government troops retook Bentiu, the capital of Unity state,
after a 2.5-hour battle. Rebels still controlled Bor, a state
capital outside Juba, the country capital.
2014 Jan 10, The UN refugee
agency warned that fighting in South Sudan could by April drive more
than half a million people from their homes, doubling the number of
those already affected.
2014 Jan 11, South Sudanese
government troops battled to recapture Bor, the last remaining
2014 Jan 11, Three African
envoys of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), a
regional grouping of east African nations that initiated the talks,
met with South Sudanese rebel leader Riek Machar in an effort to
agree the terms of truce, but he turned them down. His demand for
the release of detainees remains a stumbling block to a ceasefire
2014 Jan 12, The UNís refugee
agency said around 10,000 people have fled north to Sudan from South
Sudan where government troops and rebels have battled for the past
2014 Jan 13, South Sudanese
government troops advanced on Bor, the last state capital still in
rebel hands, as ceasefire talks in neighboring Ethiopia were called
off for the day.
2014 Jan 14, In South Sudan
some 200 people fleeing warfare died after a boat crossing the Nile
River sank, as fighting between rebels and government forces moved
closer to Juba, the national capital.
2014 Jan 14, A Ugandan military
spokesman said that Ugandan and South Sudanese army officials are
drafting what he called a "status of forces agreement" that will
soon be signed by both countries after Pres. Kiir requested the
Ugandans to extend their deployment.
2014 Jan 15, South Sudan's
military battled rebels in the streets of the key northern oil town
of Malakal, as violence in the world's newest nation entered its
2014 Jan 15, Uganda confirmed
its troops are fighting alongside South Sudan's government against
2014 Jan 16, Human Rights Watch
(HRW) released a report detailing atrocities in South Sudan and
warning that "appalling crimes have been committed against civilians
for no other reason than their ethnicity."
2014 Jan 18, South Sudanese
government forces said they seized the flashpoint town of Bor back
from rebels. Uganda's army claimed credit for the operation.
2014 Jan 19, South Sudanese
troops fought to win back the key oil town of Malakal from rebels
loyal to sacked vice president Riek Machar.
2014 Jan 20, South Sudan's army
said it has seized back full control of the strategic town of
Malakal, the last major settlement under rebel control.
2014 Jan 21, Uganda said 9 of
its soldiers have been killed and 12 others wounded during a month
fighting in South Sudan, dismissing rebel claims to have killed
2014 Jan 23, South Sudan's
government and rebels signed a peace deal in Ethiopia aimed at
ending the month-old conflict as fighting continued in oil-rich
Unity state and in Jonglei state.
2014 Jan 24, The World Food
Program said looters in South Sudan have stolen UN food aid that
would have fed over 220,000 people for a month.
2014 Jan 25, South Sudan's
government said that rebel fighters had attacked government troops
after the cease-fire had come into force. New satellite images
showed that fighting has resulted in the intentional burning of some
750 homes near the town of Bentiu.
2014 Jan 26, South Sudan's
government and rebels traded accusations that each had breached a
ceasefire deal by attacking the other, but insisted they were
committed to ending weeks of brutal conflict.
2014 Jan 27, UN aid chief
Valerie Amos arrived in war-torn South Sudan amid a growing
humanitarian crisis, with rebels and government accusing each other
of breaking a ceasefire aimed at ending the conflict.
2014 Jan 29, South Sudan
released to Kenya seven of the 11 key leaders held after an alleged
coup bid last month, as Nairobi accepted to host the group.
2014 Feb 1, South Sudan
government forces and allied militias reportedly attacked northern
Leer town and surrounding villages in Unity state, killing an
unknown number of people and destroying property. Rebels' defensive
positions in Upper Nile state also came under attack.
2014 Feb 4, The UN issued an
urgent appeal for $1.27 billion for aid for South Sudan, hit by a
seven-week-old conflict that has forced close to a million people
from their homes.
2014 Feb 5, In South Sudan
government forces and allied militia attacked rebel defensive
positions in the northern part of Jonglei state, close to the border
with Upper Nile. Government soldiers mutinied in Lakes state while
they were being sent to fight the rebels in Panyijar county in
neighboring Unity state.
2014 Feb 6, South Sudan rebels
fighting government troops said that 700 men from the government
side have defected with all their equipment and were heading to join
2014 Feb 12, UN leader Ban
Ki-moon condemned what he said was the use of cluster bombs in the
war in South Sudan.
2014 Feb 18, South Sudan rebel
forces launched a major assault against the key oil-hub of Malakal,
as a ceasefire agreement with the government appeared to be in
tatters. The government admitted that the rebels controlled some
parts of the town. A top government general was seriously wounded in
the attack said to involve tens of thousands of rebel fighters. 10
people were killed in "inter-communal clashes" within a peacekeeping
base in Malakal.
(AFP, 2/18/14)(AP, 2/19/14)
2014 Feb 19, South Sudan's army
said that it has lost contact with its troops in the key oil hub of
Malakal following a major offensive by rebels.
2014 Feb 22, The World Health
Organization began a campaign to prevent outbreaks of cholera in
temporary camps in South Sudan housing thousands of people who have
fled the country's two-month-old conflict.
2014 Feb 26, In South Sudan
Doctors Without Border said that the extreme violence and lack of
respect for health care workers shown by warring sides has made the
group's work almost impossible. Sick patients have been shot to
death in their beds and medical facilities have been looted and
burned to the ground.
2014 Mar 5, In South Sudan at
least 35 people were killed after heavy fighting broke out in the
Giada military barracks in Juba, underscoring serious tensions
within the national army as it battles a rebel uprising.
(AFP, 3/5/14)(Reuters, 3/7/14)
2014 Mar 13, East African heads
of state met in Addis Ababa in the latest push for peace in war-torn
South Sudan, where almost three months of raging conflict has left
2014 Mar 13, A court in Sudan
sentenced former governor of the southern Blue Nile State and leader
of the opposition group Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North
Malik Agar and 17 other members of the group to death by hanging. 47
others were given life sentences in a hearing. All but one were
tried in absentia.
2014 Mar 28, The UN said over a
million people in South Sudan have been forced from their homes
during more than three months of ongoing fighting, with conditions
continuing to worsen.
2014 Apr 3, President Barack
Obama signed a decree authorizing punitive sanctions, such as
seizure of assets and visa bans, against anyone in South Sudan
deemed to be threatening peace efforts, targeting UN peacekeeping
forces and violating human rights.
2014 Apr 5, South Sudanese
President Salva Kiir arrived in Khartoum to meet Sudanese President
2014 Apr 3, President Barack
Obama signed a decree authorizing punitive sanctions, such as
seizure of assets and visa bans, against anyone in South Sudan
deemed to be threatening peace efforts, targeting UN peacekeeping
forces and violating human rights.
2014 Apr 15, In South Sudan
rebel fighters captured Bentiu, the capital of oil-rich Unity state.
They issued an ultimatum to oil companies to shut down production
and evacuate workers. UN peacekeepers rescued 10 oil workers from
the violence, but not before five were wounded. Over the next 24
hours hundreds of people sheltering inside a mosque and a Catholic
church in Bentiu were killed or wounded.
(AP, 4/15/14)(AP, 4/21/14)(SFC, 4/23/14, p.A4)
2014 Apr 17, In South Sudan
gunmen attacked civilians sheltering inside a UN peacekeeping base
in the war-ravaged town of Bor. At least 58 people were killed and
more than 100 others wounded in the attack.
(AFP, 4/17/14)(AFP, 4/18/14)
2014 Apr 23, South Sudan media
reported that President Salva Kiir has sacked his army chief,
replacing him with a loyalist from his own ethnic group as the
country's four-month conflict shows signs of being increasingly
fought along tribal lines. Kiir also replaced his head of
intelligence. South Sudanese rebel forces battling President Kiir
captured the town of Renk, close to the border with Sudan and began
advancing on the Paloich oil fields.
(Reuters, 4/24/14)(AFP, 4/24/14)
2014 Apr 25, South Sudan
released four top leaders accused of rebellion and treason, dropping
charges for attempting to overthrow the government in a move aimed
at ending a four-month-old civil war.
2014 Apr 26, South Sudan's
military spokesman said a "misunderstanding" between military troops
and a local community sparked clashes a day earlier that killed 5
Nuer trainees. Rebel Brig. Gen. Lul Ruai Koang charged that 220 Nuer
officers and trainees at Mapel Military Training Centre in Western
Bahr El Ghazal state were deliberately killed.
2014 Apr 30, The UN's human
rights chief said over 9,000 children have been recruited as
soldiers in South Sudan's brutal four-month long civil war by both
government and rebel forces.
2014 May 2, South Sudan's
President Salva Kiir agreed to fly to Ethiopia for talks and to
consider forming a transitional government to try and end four
months of fighting in the world's newest nation following talks with
US Sec. of State John Kerry.
2014 May 4, South Sudanese
government forces overran Nasir, a key rebel base and moved to
recapture Bentiu, the capital of the oil-producing Unity state, from
(AFP, 5/4/14)(AP, 5/514)
2014 May 5, South Sudan signed
a deal with rebels to consider a "month of tranquility" that would
start today to allow civilians caught up in a four-month conflict to
move to places of safety and plant crops. South Sudanese troops and
rebels battled in the key oil town of Bentiu as the government
pushed forward a major offensive.
(Reuters, 5/514)(AFP, 5/514)
2014 May 9, South Sudanese
President Salva Kiir arrived in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to meet rebel
leader Riek Machar under growing international pressure for an end
to ethnic fighting that has raised fears of genocide. Kiir and
Machar, a former vice president, met, shook hands and prayed
together, and agreed to order a halt to fighting within 24 hours.
(Reuters, 5/9/14)(AFP, 5/10/14)
2014 May 11, South Sudan's army
and rebel forces blamed each other for violating a ceasefire hours
after it came into effect.
2014 May 11, China signed a
deal with East African leaders to build a $3.8 billion rail link
between Kenya's Indian Ocean port of Mombasa and Nairobi, the first
stage of a line that will eventually link Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi
and South Sudan.
2014 May 20, In Norway
international donors pledged more than $600 million dollars in aid
to South Sudan at a conference in Oslo aimed at averting a famine
threatening millions of people.
2014 Jun 26, The UN said the
number of civilians seeking shelter in UN bases in South Sudan has
reached over 100,000 for the first time in more than six-months of
2014 Jul 1, Doctors Without
Borders said 58 people have been killed in four hospitals in South
Sudan since last December.
(SFC, 7/2/14, p.A3)
2014 Jul 2, The UN's food aid
agency warned that Ethiopia is facing a huge wave of refugees from
South Sudan, where the specter of famine threatens to heap further
misery on a people already rocked by civil war.
2014 Jul 2, African nations
agreed to suspend military operations for six months against
Congo-based Rwandan rebels in order to give them more time to lay
down their arms. The suspension was announced after a meeting in
Angola of foreign ministers from a regional bloc including Angola,
Burundi, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo, DRC, Kenya,
Uganda, Rwanda, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania and Zambia.
2014 Jul 11, Save the Children
said a cholera outbreak in South Sudan has infected over 2,600
people and left at least 60 people dead since the first cases were
reported in Juba in May.
(SFC, 7/12/14, p.A2)
2014 Jul 16, The UN said the
worsening conflict in Darfur and an influx of people fleeing war in
South Sudan helped push to almost seven million the number needing
aid in Sudan.
2014 Jul 20, South Sudanese
rebels and government soldiers clashed in the northern town of
Nasir, adding to fears that a shaky ceasefire agreement signed in
May could totally collapse.
2014 Jul 21, South Sudan rebels
and government troops battled over the strategic town of Nasir, with
rebels launching their largest offensive since an oft-broken May
2014 Aug 10, Warring rivals in
South Sudan missed a 60-day deadline to forge a unity government,
despite warnings of famine and the threat of sanctions if fighting
2014 Aug 12, UN Security
Council envoys warned South Sudan's warring leaders they would face
sanctions if a civil war that has pushed the young nation to the
brink of famine does not stop.
2014 Aug 15, South Sudan's
civil war entered its ninth month with rebels and government troops
engaged in heavy battles.
2014 Aug 19, The UN said the
spiraling crisis in war-ravaged South Sudan has sent nearly 200,000
refugees into Ethiopia, making it Africa's largest refugee-hosting
2014 Aug 24, In South Sudan a
member of an East African regional body monitoring a ceasefire died
of a heart attack after some monitors were detained by rebels in
Unity state, further complicating a peace process.
2014 Aug 26, In South Sudan a
UN mission Mi-8 cargo helicopter crashed near Bentiu, a hotly
contested between the government and rebel fighters. A South Sudan
government spokesman blamed the rebels for shooting down the
helicopter. 3 people were reported killed with one surviver.
2014 Sep 16, Authorities in
South Sudan announced a ban on foreign workers, including aid agency
staff, and ordered their jobs to be given to locals. A day later
Minister of Labor Ngor Kolong Ngor backpeddled saying they
were only targeting low-level positions.
(AFP, 9/16/14)(AFP, 9/17/14)
2014 Sep 18, In South Sudan
fighting started when gunmen detained Ugandan local government
officials carrying out a census, accusing them of straying into
South Sudanese territory. By the next day at least 7 people were
killed on both sides of Uganda and South Sudan's border.
2014 Sep 25, China said it will
send 700 troops to join a UN peacekeeping mission in South Sudan,
where fighting has threatened Beijing's oil investments.
2014 Sep 29, In South Sudan at
least 35 people were killed when a bus collided with a truck on a
highway linking South Sudan to Uganda. Most of the victims were from
2014 Sep 30, Mediators said
South Sudan's warring factions have agreed on the installation of a
federal system of government, saying progress was being made in
talks aimed at finding a political solution to violence in the
world's newest country.
2014 Oct 16, In South Sudan
gunmen seized a UN worker while he was waiting in line for a flight
from the northern town of Malakal.
2014 Oct 23, A group of South
Sudanese women peace activists said they have suggested that men in
the civil war-torn country be denied sex until they stop fighting.
2014 Oct 27, UN chief Ban
Ki-moon announced at the start of a visit to Ethiopia that the EU
and several regional development banks have pledged $8 billion in
development aid for projects across eight countries in the Horn of
Africa. Countries targeted are Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya,
Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, and Uganda.
(AFP, 10/27/14)(AP, 10/27/14)
2014 Oct 29, South Sudan rebels
killed, raped and kidnapped civilians during an attack, leaving at
least 11 dead in the oil-rich town of Bentiu.
2014 Nov 8, South Sudanese
rebels accused the government of violating their latest ceasefire
deal, just hours after both sides pledged to end almost a year of
2014 Nov 12, Sudanese warplanes
reportedly bombed South Sudan, wounding six civilians in areas
bordering war zone regions where Khartoum was trying to crush rebel
2014 Dec 29, The United Nations
said it had begun delivering food aid to war-torn South Sudan via
the Nile River from Sudan for the first time since it became
independent in 2011.
2014 James Copnall authored ďA
Poisonous Thorn in Our Hearts: Sudan and South Sudanís Bitter and
(Econ, 4/12/14, p.82)
2015 Jan 21, South Sudan
President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar signed an
agreement to unite the ruling Sudan People's Liberation Movement in
the Tanzanian town of Arusha.
2015 Jan 27, South Sudanese
rebels released 280 child soldiers, the first batch of some 3,000 to
be freed but with thousands more still fighting.
2015 Jan 29, South Sudan's
President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar met in Ethiopia
for the latest round of peace talks mediated by East African leaders
aimed at ending their 13-month-old civil.
2015 Feb 2, South Sudan's
warring factions signed another peace deal in the latest effort to
end hostilities that have raged for more than a year.
2015 Feb 9, The UN said over
2.5 million South Sudanese are on the brink of famine, with the
civil war likely to intensify as it launched a $1.8 billion aid
2015 Feb 13, South Sudan's
cabinet postponed elections and extended President Salva Kiir's
powers for two years. That goes against a deal struck between Kiir
and rebel chief Riek Machar earlier this month, in which they agreed
to set up a transitional unity government in the bitterly divided
nation to run for 30 months from July 9.
2015 Feb 16, In South Sudan an
unidentified armed group abducted at least 89 boys, some as young as
13, from their homes in the northern town of Wau Shilluk.
2015 Feb 17, In South Sudan a
British worker for the US-based Carter Center was killed in Juba,
bringing to 14 the number of aid workers killed over the course of
the country's 14-month conflict.
2015 Feb 18, South Sudan's army
and rebels fought heavy battles for a third day with scores of
casualties, a day ahead of a planned restart of peace talks.
2015 Mar 3, The UN Security
Council established a sanctions regime for South Sudan but stopped
short of imposing worldwide travel bans and asset freezes on
officials in the conflict-torn country or an arms embargo.
2015 Mar 6, South Sudan's
warring leaders failed to reach a deal to end more than a year of
civil war, with the latest collapse in peace talks paving the way
for possible sanctions.
2015 Mar 21, A South Sudanese
rebel group freed 250 child soldiers -- including a girl as young as
nine. The UN children's agency warned the next day that thousands
were still being forced to fight.
2015 Apr 1, In South Sudan 3
staff members of the UN World Food Program disappeared while
traveling in a convoy from Malakal to distribute food to Melut,
Upper Nile state. UN food operation in some parts of the country
were soon suspended.
(SFC, 4/23/15, p.A2)
2015 Apr 9, A Sudanese
airstrike on South Sudanese killed 4 people and wounded nine others.
(SFC, 4/10/15, p.A2)
2015 Apr 22, In South Sudan
heavy fighting broke out in the war-ravaged northeastern town of
Malakal. The fighting pitted troops loyal to the state governor
against those of rogue general Johnson Olony, an ex-rebel who
commands a pro-government ethnic Shilluk militia. At least 2
soldiers were reported killed over the last 24 hours.
2015 May 9, In South Sudan
Doctors Without Borders and the International Committee of the Red
Cross evacuated their staff from the rebel-held town of Leer in the
south of Unity State fearing clashes between the rebels and
2015 May 15, South Sudanese
military spokesman Col. Philip Aguer said government troops have
been ordered to pursue rebels in Jonglei state as well as south of
Unity state. Earlier this week the UN announced there were credible
reports of atrocities being carried out, including killing of
civilians, rape and the torching of 28 villages. Rebels in launched
a large-scale attack on the strategic northern oil hub and state
capital of Malakal.
(AP, 5/15/15)(AFP, 5/16/15)
2015 May 19, In South Sudan 4
civilians, including a woman and a child, were killed when two
mortar bombs exploded inside a UN compound in Melut, Upper Nile
(SFC, 5/21/15, p.A2)
2015 May 25, South Sudan said
its troops are back in full control of the strategic northern oil
town of Malakal, after days of fierce fighting with rebel forces.
2015 May 27, The UN said more
than 40 percent of South Sudan's 11 million people need food aid,
the highest hunger levels recorded in the world's youngest country,
where fighting erupted 18 months ago.
2015 May, Warring forces in
South Sudan carried out horrific crimes against children, including
castration, rape and tying them together before slitting their
throats. At least 129 children were reported killed.
(AP, 6/19/15)(SFC, 6/19/15, p.A6)
2015 Jun 6, South Sudan's
rebels claimed they had seized control of key oilfields in the north
of the country after weeks of heavy fighting with government forces.
2015 Jun 17, South Sudan's
government accused Sudan of bombing two locations in its territory,
killing at least one soldier and wounding others on June 14-15.
2015 Jun 17, In Congo DRC
heavily armed poachers, believed to be from South Sudan, killed a
ranger and two soldiers patrolling in Garamba National Park.
2015 Jun 23, South Sudanís top
politician Pagan Amum, arrested and sacked as secretary general of
the ruling party as civil war erupted 18-months ago, was reinstated
to his post.
2015 Jun 27, In South Sudan
Malakal was attacked and captured by rebels led by ex-government
general Johnson Olony, accused by aid agencies of forcibly
recruiting hundreds of child soldiers.
2015 Jun 30, A UN rights report
said South Sudan's army raped then torched girls alive inside their
homes during a recent campaign.
2015 Jul 1, The UN said South
Sudan rebels have opened fire on a UN peacekeeping base sheltering
30,000 civilians, killing one and wounding six in a possible war
2015 Jul 2, The Obama
administration placed sanctions on leaders from opposing military
forces in South Sudan for their roles in the country's conflict.
2015 Jul 3, The UN children's
agency said at least 29 people have died in South Sudan's latest
2015 Jul 6, South Sudan's army
said it has retaken the strategic northeastern town of Malakal from
rebels, the latest time the ruined state capital has swapped hands.
2015 Jul 8, South Sudan rebel
leader Riek Machar called on President Salva Kiir to resign along
with all ministers and the parliament or risk sparking a revolution.
2015 Jul 10, The International
Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) said a dozen patients have died
and dozens more wounded are without care in a South Sudanese
hospital after fighting forced medics to flee.
2015 Jul 12, South Sudan said
it it has decided to expel UN diplomat Mary Cummins from norhtern
Unity state in retaliation for the publication of a human rights
report that accused the government of committing widespread
attacks on civilians there.
(SFC, 7/13/15, p.A2)
2015 Jul 27, The US State
Department took Malaysia and Cuba off its ďtier 3" list of countries
failing to combat modern-day slavery, leaving the US open to
criticism that politics is swaying the often-contentious rankings in
its annual human trafficking report. Burundi, Belize, Belarus,
Comoros and South Sudan were downgraded to Tier 3, where Thailand
remained for a second year.
(AP, 7/27/15)(Reuters, 7/27/15)
2015 Jul 31, In South Sudan
thousands of civilians in Upper Nile state faced starvation after
the government blocked aid groups from using the Nile River to
deliver relief food.
2015 Aug 6, South Sudan's rival
forces began peace talks, as international pressure mounts ahead of
an August 17 deadline to strike a deal to end 19 months of civil
2015 Aug 11, A top South Sudan
rebel general said that he and other powerful commanders had split
from their chief Riek Machar, rejecting ongoing peace talks and
risking a worsening of the country's civil war.
2015 Aug 14, South Sudan's
government said it was pulling out of peace talks to end a 20-month
long civil war after rebel forces split despite international
threats of sanctions. The UN said South Sudan's army has lifted a
more than a month-long aid blockade into rebel areas.
2015 Aug 15, South Sudan's
government said it would continue with peace talks to end a 20-month
civil war, but without President Salva Kiir attending.
2015 Aug 16, East African
leaders met in Ethiopia ahead of a deadline for South Sudan's
warring leaders to strike a peace deal or risk international
2015 Aug 17, South Sudan's
government and rebels signed a peace agreement, hours before the end
of a deadline threatening international sanctions. The agreement was
signed by rebel chief Riek Machar and Pagan Amum, the
secretary-general of the ruling party. Pres. Salva Kiir, who only
initialed the deal, rather than signing it as Machar did, had
reservations over the proposal's plan to demilitarize the capital,
(AFP, 8/17/15)(Reuters, 8/18/15)
2015 Aug 18, Uganda told South
Sudan's warring factions to put their egos aside and make peace, a
day after President Salva Kiir refused to sign a deal to end a
2015 Aug 19, Peace efforts in
South Sudan were in tatters as warring rivals blamed each other for
attacks and the army claimed that the rebels had broken their own
peace deal hours after signing.
2015 Aug 19, In South Sudan
Peter Julius Moi, a reporter for the Corporate Weekly, was shot
twice in the back late today. The attack that came days after
President Salva Kiir was reported to have threatened to kill
reporters "working against the country." Moi was the seventh
journalist to be killed in South Sudan this year.
2015 Aug 26, South Sudanís
President Salva Kiir signed a peace deal to end a 20-month conflict
with rebels. Kiir also issued a list of "serious reservations"
warning the deal might not last.
2015 Aug 28, South Sudanese
President Salva Kiir ordered all government troops to cease fighting
rebel forces as part of a peace agreement. A full ceasefire was to
begin August 29.
2015 Aug 29, South Sudan's
rebel chief Riek Machar ordered his troops to lay down their arms in
line with a ceasefire to end a 20-month civil war. South Sudan's
army and rebels accused each other of sparking fresh fighting in the
north-east, hours before the start of a ceasefire to end a brutal
20-month civil war.
2015 Aug 30, South Sudan
government troops attacked a village in Unity state on the first day
of a cease-fire that both sides have pledged to implement. The
attack on the village in Mayendit County followed attacks on two
other villages in the same area the previous evening.
2015 Aug 31, South Sudan's
rebel chief Riek Machar accused the government of breaking a
ceasefire, jeopardizing a peace agreement aimed to end the country's
20-month civil war.
2015 Sep 2, In South Sudan
monitors of the regional bloc of East African states known as IGAD
witnessed government "helicopter gunships flying towards and
engaging the SPLM/A(IO) rebel forces on the west bank of the Nile.
Machar's rebels also violated the August ceasefire by launching
attacks in Unity state on August 23.
2015 Sep 14, South Sudan's army
repelled a fresh rebel attack, the latest battle to rock the country
despite a ceasefire aimed at ending a brutal 21-month civil war.
2015 Sep 15, South Sudan's
president urged his people to "join hands" in implementing a peace
deal to end more than 20 months of conflict.
2015 Sep 16, In South Sudan at
least 203 people were killed when an oil truck exploded as a crowd
tried to gather fuel from the vehicle after it had veered off the
(Reuters, 9/17/15)(AFP, 9/23/15)
2015 Sep 28, Britainís PM David
Cameron says more than 300 British troops will be deployed to South
Sudan and Somalia as part of peacekeeping efforts to counter Islamic
2015 Oct 3, South Sudanese
rebels said government troops had attacked their positions over the
last three days, casting further doubt on a fragile peace agreement
in the world's youngest country. A military official said 52
soldiers and rebels have been killed over the last week in fighting
in the contested state of Unity.
(Reuters, 10/3/15)(AP, 10/3/15)
2015 Oct 15, In South Sudan a
consortium of civic and aid groups said violence against civilians
is continuing despite a peace agreement. They said at least 1,000
civilians have been killed between April and September and that
1,300 women and girls were abducted in Unity state.
(SFC, 10/16/15, p.A2)
2015 Oct 24, Humanitarian
organizations monitoring civilian casualties in South Sudan said 80
civilians, including 57 children, were killed in just one county in
war-torn Unity state between October 4 and 22.
2015 Oct 26, Rebels in South
Sudan seized UN barges they suspected were transporting weapons for
government troops. 28 UN peacekeepers were freed on Oct 29, but 12
contractors were kept hostage. On Nov 1 the UN sent helicopters to
pick up the South Sudanese workers, and recovered the barge, but not
the 55,000 liters of fuel it was carrying.
(AP, 10/29/15)(SFC, 10/30/15, p.A4)(Reuters,
2015 Oct 28, African Union
investigators discovered mass graves in South Sudan and found
evidence of horrific crimes, including forced cannibalism, according
to a long-awaited report. Investigators found that the conflict
began on Dec. 15, 2013, as a skirmish broke out between Dinka and
Nuer soldiers of the presidential guard following political tension
between Kiir and Machar, who had been fired as Kiir's deputy the
2015 Oct, The UNís World Food
Program was reported to be spending $1.1 million a day to feed the
hungry of South Sudan.
(Econ, 10/10/15, p.50)
2015 Nov 4, In South Sudan a
Russian-built Antonov AN-12 turbo prop cargo plane with passengers
on board crashed after taking off from the airport in Juba, killing
37 people. Officials said the plane belonged to freight and
logistics firm Allied Services Ltd. and was not authorized to carry
passengers. One man and a baby survived.
(Reuters, 11/4/15)(AP, 11/5/15)(AP, 11/7/15)
2015 Nov 19, South Sudan's
parliament changed the constitution to boost presidential powers
amid fears violence is spreading to new areas in the country, with
seven killed on the highway to Uganda.