Timeline Sri Lanka

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  Known in the ancient world as Taprobane (Tambapanni) and later called Serendip and Ceylon. A Hindu Tamil minority (18%) and Buddhist Sinhalese majority (75%) comprise the population. Muslims comprised about 7%.
    (SFC, 6/20/96, p.A8)(SFE, 9/16/96, p.A9)(SFC, 8/8/98, p.B1)
   Sri Lanka is about the size of West Virginia.
        (WSJ, 7/13/99, p.B1)(SSFC, 11/9/03, p.A12)

c900BC    Anuradhapura (Sri Lanka) was founded about this time. It served as the capital from the 3rd century BC to the 11th century AD.
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.D)(Arch, 7/02, p.32)

543 BC    Colonists from northern India subdued the indigenous Vaddahs (Veddah)  of Sri Lanka, known in the ancient world as Taprobane and later called Serendip. Descendants of those colonists, the Buddhist Sinhalese, form most of the population.
    (SFC, 6/20/96, p.A8)(SFC, 9/22/97, p.A10)

543BCE-1815CE    The Mahavamsa (600BCE-400CE), Great Chronicle, describes the history of the Sinhalese people (Sri Lanka) over this period. The 1st part, from King Mahasena, which dates back to the legendary 5th century BC King Vijaya, was written by King Dhatusena's brother, the venerable thera Mahanama in the 6th century CE.
    (Arch, 7/02, p.31)(www.saigon.com/~anson/ebud/mahavamsa/)

c400BC-1100AD    Anuradhapura served as the capital during this period.
    (SFE, 9/16/96, p.A9)

260BCE    Ashoka, the 3rd ruler of the Mauryan empire (India), converted to Buddhism after defeating the Kalinga region. He began promoting Buddhist teaching throughout the subcontinent and beyond to Sri Lanka and even Greece.
    (www.metmuseum.org/toah/ht/04/ssa/ht04ssa.htm)

251BC    Aryan Hindus occupied Ceylon. [see Sri Lanka]
    (http://eawc.evansville.edu, p.14)

161BC    Elara (b.235BC), Tamil king (205BC-161BC), died. He ruled Sri Lanka from the ancient capital of Anuradhapura.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elara_(monarch))
 
161BC-137BC    The legendary King Duthagamani ruled Sri Lanka. He began construction of the Ruvanvali stupa. His brother Saddhatissa completed the project.
    (Arch, 7/02, p.34)

137BC    Dutugemunu (Dutthagamani), Sinhalese king of Sri Lanka (161BC to 137 BC), died. He gained rule after defeating Elara, a Tamil usurper from India. He is said to have slain the invader while riding his elephant Kandula.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutthagamani_of_Sri_Lanka)(Econ, 2/6/10, p.46)

277-304    King Mahasen ruled Sri Lanka. He built 16 large reservoirs, including the massive Minneriya tank, and two irrigation canals that have continued to be part of the irrigation system in the north-central region. After his demise, people started venerating him as "God of Minneriya."
    (AP, 5/28/13)

c300-400    Temple of the Tooth in Kandy reportedly held a tooth of the Buddha brought from India in the 4th century.
    (SFC, 1/26/98, p.A9)

477        The usurper King Kasyapa I founded Sigiriya and built his castle atop a 550-foot outcrop. He had murdered his father Dhatusena.
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.D)(Arch, 7/02, p.32)

495        Moggallana, half brother of Kasyapa, returned from exile to claim the throne. Kasyapa committed suicide after his elephant bolted on a battlefield facing Moggallana.
    (Arch, 7/02, p.32)

993        The south Indian Cola Empire captured Anuradhapura (Sri Lanka).
    (Arch, 7/02, p.34)

1017        The south Indian Cola Empire transferred the capital of Sri Lanka to Polonnaruva which then served as the capital of Sri Lanka until 1300. It was a fortified citadel surrounded by Hindu and Buddhist religious complexes.
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.D)(Arch, 7/02, p.34)

1518        Portugal and the Kingdom of Kotte, Ceylon, signed a peace treaty.
    (TL-MB, p.11)

1732        Jun 3, Pieter Vuyst, Dutch gov-gen. of Ceylon, was executed.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1736        Mar 23, Iman Willem Falck, Dutch Governor of Ceylon (1765-83), was born.
    (SS, 3/23/02)

1796        The British seized the island under the name of Ceylon.
    (SFC, 6/20/96, p.A8)

1800-1900    Tamil people of southern India were taken by the British to Ceylon to clear the jungles and work plantations.
    (SFC, 11/3/99, p.C6)

1815        The Culavamsa (Small Chronicle) of Sri Lanka, a continuation of the Mahavamsa, ends with events in this year.
    (Arch, 7/02, p.32)

1815        The British took over Ceylon (Sri Lanka).
    (Arch, 7/02, p.34)

1837        The Mahavamsa ("Great Chronicle"), a historical poem written in the Pali language of the kings of Sri Lanka, was published by George Turnour, an historian and officer of the Ceylon Civil Service. It covers the period from the coming of King Vijaya of Kalinga (ancient Orissa) in 543 BCE to the reign of King Mahasena (334–361).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahavamsa)

1860        A British seaman proposed digging a deeper, 19-mile shipping canal in the shallow Palk strait between India and Sri Lanka. In 2004 India planned to go ahead with the project.
    (Econ, 11/6/04, p.44)

1904-1911    Leonard Sidney Woolf (1880-1969) served in the Ceylon Civil Service. He later authored “The Village in the Jungle,” a novel based on his time in Sri Lanka. In 2006 Victoria Glendinning authored “Leonard Woolf: A Life.”
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonard_Woolf)(Econ, 9/16/06, p.93)

1937        Ceylon (Sri Lanka) banned the capture of wild elephants. At the turn of the century some 10-15 thousand elephants roamed wild in Sri Lanka. By 2006 only some 3,000 were left.
    (SFC, 5/19/06, p.A2)

1948        Feb 4, Colonial rule ended and the island nation of Ceylon -- now Sri Lanka -- became an independent dominion within the British Commonwealth.
    (SFE, 9/16/96, p.A9)(SFC, 6/20/96, p.A8)(AP, 2/4/97)

1954        Nov 26, Velupillai Prabhakaran (d.2009), founder of the Tamil New Tigers (TNT later renamed to LTTE), was born in Velvettithurai Sri Lanka.
    (www.dailynews.lk/2009/05/19/fea02.asp)

1956        Sinhalese, which few Tamils spoke, was made the sole official language of Sri Lanka.
    (SFC, 6/1/00, p.C2)(Econ, 1/30/10, p.28)

1958        In Sri Lanka P.P. James (34) was falsely jailed for the murder of his father, who remained alive after being knifed by an assailant. James spent the next 50 years in jail, a victim of the country’s bureaucracy.
    (AP, 4/20/08)

1959        Wijayananda Dahanayake (d.1997 at 94) became the Prime Minister after the assassination of Solomon Bandaranaike. He handed power over to the widow of Bandaranaike’s after 6 months.
    (SFC, 5/5/97, p.A20)

1960        Jul 21, Sirimavo Bandaranaike, leader of the Freedom Party, became the first woman prime minister of Ceylon. In Sri Lanka, an island country in the Indian Ocean formerly known as Ceylon she served as prime minister twice, 1960-65 and 1970-77. Under her leadership a republican constitution was adopted in 1972 and the name of Ceylon changed to Sri Lanka.
    (HNQ, 5/23/98)(HN, 7/21/98)

1964        Dec 23, India and Ceylon were hit by a cyclone and 4,850 were killed.
    (MC, 12/23/01)

1964        In Sri Lanka Dr. Hudson Silva and his wife Irangani de Silva, founders of the Eye Donation Society, sent their first cornea abroad, hand-carried in an ice-packed tea thermos aboard a flight to Singapore. By 2012 60,000 corneas have been donated.
    (AP, 1/22/12)

1970        Michael Ondaatje, Sri Lanka-born writer, authored his novel "The Collected Works of Billy the Kid."
    (SSFC, 9/9/01, DB p.70)

1970-1977    Sirimavo Bandaranaike served as prime minister for a 2nd term.
    (HNQ, 5/23/98)

1971        Apr 5-1971 Apr 23, In Ceylon (later Sri Lanka) the People’s Liberation Front attempted a nationwide coup, but the army and Mr. Bandaranaike’s government regained control.
    (WUD, 1994, p. 1688)

mid 70s    Policies to slash the number of Tamils in universities and protect Buddhism and the Sinhalese language were enacted and triggered violence and the call for and independent Tamil state of Eelam.
    (SFE, 9/16/96, p.A9)

1972        May 22, The island nation of Ceylon became the republic of Sri Lanka, which is Sinhala for resplendent land, with the adoption of a new constitution under PM Sirimavo Bandaranaike. Sinhala was made the official language and Buddhism the state religion.
    (SFC, 6/20/96, p.A8)(AP, 5/22/97)(HNQ, 5/23/98)(SFC, 5/30/00, p.A25)

1972        In Sri Lanka the Tamil New Tigers (TNT) was founded by Velupillai Prabhakaran, an eighteen-year-old school dropout, who was the son of a minor government official. TNT abandoned the political process altogether and geared itself for violence. The Tamil rebellion began and thousands were killed in the ultra-leftist campaign. Suicide bombers of the Tamil Tigers later killed Pres. Ranasinghe Premadasa and former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.
    (SFC, 6/20/96, p.A8)(www.onwar.com/aced/data/tango/tamil1983.htm)

1975        In Sri Lanka Velupillai Prabhakaran, after being part and parcel of the Tamil movement, carried out his first political murder. He assassinated Jaffna Mayor Alfred Duraiappah at point blank range while the Mayor was about to enter the Hindu temple at Ponnaalai.
    (www.dailynews.lk/2009/05/19/fea02.asp)

1976        May 5, In Sri Lanka the TNT was renamed the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), commonly known as Tigers.
    (www.dailynews.lk/2009/05/19/fea02.asp)

1976        May 14, In Sri Lanka the Tamil United Liberation Front adopted the Vaddukkoaddai Resolution declaring the Tamils’ right to statehood.
    (Econ, 1/23/10, p.41)(www.tamilnet.com/art.html?catid=74&artid=8861)

1977        Junius Richard Jayewardene [Jayawardene] was elected prime minister. He left a will saying that his eye corneas should be used in Sri Lanka and Japan. In 1999 an 89-year-old Japanese woman received one cornea.
    (SFC, 11/2/96, p.A21)(USAT, 8/27/99, p.14A)

1977        Sri Lanka suspended the death penalty.
    (Economist, 10/6/12, p.48)

1978        Jan 2, In Sri Lanka Junius Richard Jayewardene (1906-1996) became the first president with true executive powers. He served as president until 1989.
    (SFC, 11/2/96, p.A21)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Junius_Richard_Jayewardene)

1978        Sep 7, Sri Lanka’s new constitution went into effect. The new Constitution provided for a unicameral Parliament with legislative power and an Executive President.
    (SFC, 10/11/00, p.A24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Sri_Lanka)

1978        Nov 23, In Sri Lanka a cyclone killed 1,500 people.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1978        Nov 25, An Icelandic DC-8 jet crashed and killed 183 Muslim pilgrims in Sri Lanka.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1978        Sri Lanka adopted a system of proportional representation. Most seats in Parliament were for elected MPs, but about 13% were shared on the basis of the number of votes polled by political parties.
    (Econ, 4/17/10, p.47)

1979        The Sri Lanka government gave architect Geoffrey Bawa (1919-2003) the assignment to design a new Parliament building.
    (SSFC, 6/1/03, p.A31)

1980        Architect Geoffrey Bawa (1919-2003) was commissioned to create the new Ruhuhu Univ. near Matara.
    (SSFC, 6/1/03, p.A31)

1981        Oct, In Sri Lanka the Tamil Tiger insurgency began in earnest as Velupillai Prabhakaran (1954-2009) shot 2 soldiers running errands in Jaffna.
    (AP, 5/18/09)(Econ, 5/30/09, p.44)(Econ, 6/6/09, p.42)

1982        Oct, In Sri Lanka Junius Richard Jayewardene (1906-1996) was re-elected for a 6-year term as premier and president.
    {Sri Lanka}
    (SFC, 11/2/96, p.A21)(www.bookrags.com/Junius_Richard_Jayewardene)

1982        Nov 21, In Sri Lanka the first Tiger activist to be killed by security forces was shot and wounded and died a few days later on November 27.
    (AP, 11/3/06)

1983        Jul 23, A regional struggle for independence by Tamil Tigers in the north escalated into a civil war when they killed 13 Sri Lankan Sinhalese soldiers. The nation's Sinhalese majority responded by killing thousands of Tamil civilians in the south. The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam were formed and led by Vellupillai Prabhakaran. They were initially a group of 26 fighters.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)(SFE, 9/16/96, p.A9)(AP internet 7/23/97)(SFC, 8/8/98, p.B1)

1983        Jul 24, Island-wide anti-Tamil riots broke out in retaliation for the deaths of soldiers the day before and some 400 people died. This marked the beginning of the civil war.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)(WSJ, 6/29/95, p.A-1)

1985        The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) was founded in Dhaka, Bangladesh, with the aim of promoting economic cooperation and alleviating poverty in South Asia. Members included Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
    (AP, 11/13/05)

1986        May 3, Tamil Tigers bombed an Airlanka plane at Colombo airport and killed 16 people.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1986        Bawa Muhaiyadeen, Sufi member of the Quadiriyya order, died. His work included the book: “Islam and World Peace: Explanations of a Sufi.”
    (SSFC, 10/28/01, p.B7)

1987        Apr 17,  In Sri Lanka Tamil extremists shot dead 127, mainly Sinhalese, in Trincomalee.
    (http://tinyurl.com/mvxnv)

1987        Apr 21, In Sri Lanka Tamil Tigers exploded a car bomb at the Colombo central bus stand and 113 people were killed.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)(http://tinyurl.com/mvxnv)

1987        May 26, Sri Lanka launched Operation Liberation, an offensive against the Tamil rebellion in Jaffra. It ended May 31 with over 1,000 deaths and 2,000 arrests in Vadamaradchy.
    (www.tamilnation.org/indictment/indict043.htm)

1987        Jul 24, Tiger leader Velupillai Prabhakaran arrived in India to sign a peace agreement with the Sri Lankan government. Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi brokered the agreement with Sri Lanka delivering autonomy to Tamil areas in exchange for an end to the war. The peace agreement was signed by Junius Richard Jayewardene, president of Sri Lanka.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)(SFE, 9/16/96, p.A9)(SFC, 11/2/96, p.A21)

1987        Jul 30, Some 50,000 Indian troops arrived in Jaffna, Sri Lanka, to disarm the Tamil Tigers and enforce a peace pact. After a time they began fighting the Tigers and in 1990 the government asked them to leave.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)(SFC, 11/2/96, p.A21)(Econ, 8/5/06, p.40)

1987        Aug 5, Tamil Tigers began to surrender their weapons to the Indian army, but later changed course and began to fight the Indians. Official Indian government aid to the rebels was cutoff but the southern Tamil Nadu state and rightist Hindu factions of the Indian army continued helping the rebels.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1987-1989 In Sri Lanka thousands of leftists were killed in attempts to topple the government. In 2000 a retired general and 2 aides went on trial for the deaths and disappearances.
    (WSJ, 7/19/00, p.A1)

1988        Chandrika Kumaratunga (42) watched her husband, a film star and rising politician in Sri Lanka, get killed by a political rival. Her mother and father had both served as prime ministers.
    (SSFC, 11/9/03, p.A12)

1989-1990    In Sri Lanka the government staged an offensive against the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP, People’s Liberation Front), a Marxist rebel group. In 1997 the government admitted that nearly 17,000 people died or vanished during the offensive. Human rights groups estimated that some 60,000 people were killed or disappeared.
    (WSJ, 9/4/97, p.A1)(SFC, 9/4/97, p.A3)
1989-1990    A group of 25 high school students disappeared. It was later learned that school principle Dayananda Lokugalappathi had convinced the military that the students were linked to the JVP. In 1999 a court sentenced 6 soldiers and the principle to 10 years in prison.
    (SFC, 2/11/99, p.C3)

1990        Mar 20, The last Indian peacekeepers left Sri Lanka.
    (www.india-seminar.com/1999/479/479%20mehta.htm)

1990        The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam evicted some 75,000 Muslims from northern Sri Lanka and most fled to Puttalam. Muslims comprised some 8% of Sri Lanka’s 20 million people. In the east the rebels slaughtered up to 1,000 Muslims.
    (Econ, 10/13/07, p.45)

1991        Mar 2, A Tiger car bomb in Colombo killed deputy defense minister Ranjan Wijeratne.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1991        May 21, A Tamil suicide bomber assassinated Rajiv Gandhi at a campaign rally near Madras. Tamil leader Velupillai Prabhakaran ordered the assassination. Gandhi and 16 others were killed when the female Tamil bomber, Dhanu, presented him flowers hiding explosives packed with 10,000 metal pellets. 41 Indian and Sri Lankan suspects were charged with murder and conspiracy. 12 suspects later committed suicide when they were trapped by police. In 1999 4 of the 25 convicted had their death sentences confirmed. 3 death sentences were commuted to life in prison and 19 sentences were set aside. In 1999 3 Tamil men and a woman, convicted in 1991, were scheduled for execution.
    (HFA, '96, p.30)(SFE, 9/16/96, p.A9)(SFC, 1/9/96, p.A10)(SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)(SFC, 1/29/98, p.A10)(WSJ, 5/12/99, p.A1)(SFC, 10/16/99, p.A16)(SFC, 5/30/00, p.A25)

1993        May 1, The president of Sri Lanka (Ranasinghe Premadasa) was assassinated by a Tiger suicide bomber in Colombo.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)(AP, 5/1/98)

1993        Nov 11, Tamil Tiger forces overran Pooneryn army camp. Some 600 servicemen were killed or captured. The army put the rebel death toll at 500.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1994        Aug 16, The People’s Alliance government came to power and promised to end the civil war.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1994        Oct 13, Peace talks began in Jaffna.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1994        Oct 23, A suicide bomber in Colombo, Sri Lanka, killed 50 people including Gamini Disanayake, the opposition presidential candidate.
    (AP, 10/23/99)

1994        Oct, Lionair, co-founded by Chandran Rutnam and a partner from Texas, began serving government controlled cities. In 1995 it accepted a government contract to fly supplies to the Jaffna region.
    (WSJ, 1/28/00, p.A6)

1994        Nov 24, A Tiger suicide bomber killed opposition pres. candidate Gamini Disanayake and 51 others.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1994         Dec, Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga was elected president of Sri Lanka on a platform of peace and reconciliation.
    (SSFC, 11/9/03, p.A12)

1995        Jan 8, The Tigers and government agreed to a truce.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1995        Apr 19, The Tigers broke the truce and blew up 2 navy boats and killed 12 sailors in the port of Trincomalee.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1995        Apr 28-29, Tigers used anti-aircraft missiles for the first time and downed 2 air force transport planes that killed 90 people.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1995        Jun 4, The Tigers blew up a ship chartered by the Int’l. Committee of the Red Cross.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1995        Jun 30, A 12-year old civil war continued. Nearly 150 people were killed in the bloodiest day of the war when insurgents stormed Mandaitivu island, not far from the rebel held  Jaffna Peninsula.
    (WSJ, 6/29/95, p.A-1)

1995        Jul 28, The Tigers lost some 400 guerrillas in a raid on Weli Oya army camp where only 2 soldiers died.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1995        Oct 3, The Sri Lankan army claims to have killed 200 Tamil Tiger rebels on the northern Jaffa peninsula.
    (WSJ, 10/4/95, p.A-1)

1995        Oct 17, The army started the 1st phase of an effort to take full control of the Jaffna peninsula. Shelling and bombing against civilians often occurred.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1995        Oct 20, Tiger guerrillas blew up two oil depots in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1995        Oct 25, Tamil Tiger rebels struggled to halt an army offensive in their Jaffna stronghold.
    (WSJ, 10/26/95, p.A-1)

1995         Nov 2, The government believed that the Liberation Tigers of the Tamil Eelam (LTTE) might deploy suicide troops and poison gas in the heavily mined city of Jaffna.
    (V. Sun, 11/3/95, p.A-1)

1995        Nov 11, Two rebel suicide bombers killed 15 people in Colombo in an unsuccessful attack on army headquarters.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1995        Dec., The army captured more than half of the northern rebel stronghold of Jaffna. Complete control was expected in days.
    (WSJ, 12/1/95, p.A-1)

1995        Dec. 6, The flag of Sri Lanka was raised over the Tamil stronghold of Jaffna. This marked the biggest victory in the 12 year war in which 39,000 people have died.
    (WSJ, 12/6/95, p.A-1)

1995        5,000 people were killed this year in fighting with the Tamil Tigers.
    (WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)

1996        Jan. 31, An explosive-packed truck crashed into the Central Bank in Colombo and killed at least 55 and injured at least 1400 people. The Tamil Tigers rebel group were blamed. They had been fighting for independence for 12 years. A Tiger suicide bomber blew up the Central Bank and killed almost 100 people. The bombing killed 88 and injured 1,400. After 73 people were killed in the Central Bank bombing the US declared the Tamil Tigers a terrorist organization.
    (WSJ, 2/1/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)(SFC,10/15/97, p.C4)(SFC, 3/11/00, p.A10)

1996        Feb 7, Tamil rebels attacked Sri Lankan troops in the eastern part of the island nation. They killed 11 and lost 15 of their own fighters. The Colombo suicide bombing of last week killed 83.
    (WSJ, 2/8/96, p.A-1)

1996        Feb 11, Tamil politicians in Sri Lanka charged that government troops killed 24 [25] civilians in the eastern district of Trincomalee. Villagers in 1997 gave evidence against 8 soldiers charged in the killings.
    (WSJ, 2/12/96, p.A-13)(SFC, 6/6/97, p.E3)

1996        Feb 14, A Tiger arms ship was sunk of the northeastern coast.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1996        Mar 5, The Sri Lankan army raised flags over Jaffna town marking the end of a 7 week campaign to capture the Tamil rebel stronghold.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1996        Mar 30, Tamil rebels mounted suicide attacks on a naval convoy and killed a crew of ten. 35 rebels were killed and six of their vessels were sunk off the island nation’s northeast coast.
    (WSJ, 4/1/96, p.A-1)

1996        May 29, The army chief offered a general amnesty to more than 20,000 deserters and announced plans to recruit another 10,000 soldiers. He wants to bolster the army of 100,000 to finish the 12-year war with Tamil separatists.
    (WSJ, 5/30/96, p.A1)

1996        Jun 17, Sri Lankan troops killed 15 Tamil Tiger rebels in the northern Jaffna peninsula.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A10)

1996        Jul 1, Tamil Tiger separatists ambushed an army patrol and killed 29 soldiers while losing at least 35 of their own.
    (SFC, 7/2/96, p.A10)

1996        Jul 4, A suicide bomber killed an army commander and 20 others when she leaped in front of a motorcade in Jaffna.
    (WSJ, 7/5/96, p.A1)

1996        Jul 18, Some 4,000 Tamil rebels overran Mullaitivu military base 175 miles NE of Colombo and overcame 1,200 defenders.
    (WSJ, 7/19/96, p.A1)(SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1996        Jul 19, Rebels sank an navy gunboat with 40 members. The Tigers claimed to have killed 500 government soldiers at the Mullaitivu camp.
    (SFC, 7/20/96, p.A8)

1996        Jul 24, Two bombs blamed on Tamil separatists ripped through a commuter train near Colombo, Sri Lanka, killing 64 civilians and wounding more than 400.
    (WSJ, 7/25/96, p.A1)(AP, 7/24/97)

1996        Aug 3-1996 Aug 4, Sri Lanka’s military said it killed some 200 Tamil separatist rebels in a weekend battle. Rebels said 100 government soldiers were killed. Both sides denied the others claims.
    (WSJ, 8/6/96, p.A1)

1996        Aug 8, Tamil Tigers defended their northern stronghold in Kilinochchi against thousands of troops.
    (SFC, 8/8/96, p.C1)

1996        Aug 30, In Sri Lanka rebels ambushed a police patrol 115 miles east of Colombo.
    (WSJ, 8/30/96, p.A1)

1996        Sep 22, The military said it killed or wounded 200 Tamil rebels with a loss of 30 government troops.
    (WSJ, 9/24/96, p.A1)

1996        Sep 25, The military said it killed or wounded 500 Tamil rebels with a loss of 58 government troops and 115 wounded since Sunday when their offensive began near Kilinochchi.
    (SFC, 9/26/96, p.A11)

1996        Sep 30, Government troops seized a guerrilla stronghold and climaxed an 8-day battle that left 900 dead.
    (WSJ, 9/30/96, p.A1)

1996        Sep, Sri Lanka soldiers and police raped and strangled an 18-year-old student and murdered 3 others near Chemmanihi. In 1998 4 soldiers were convicted and sentenced to death for the killings.
    (SFC, 7/4/98, p.A11)

1997        Jan 9, Tamil rebels attacked 2 northern military bases and killed at least 60 soldiers with 232 wounded. A later count had 223 soldiers and 350 guerrillas dead.
    (WSJ, 1/10/97, p.A1)(SFC,3/7/97 , p.A17)

1997        Mar 6, Tamil Tiger rebels overran the army base at Vavunativu and left more than 200 dead.
    (SFC, 3/7/97, p.A24)

1997        May 18, Security forces claimed to have killed some 250 separatist Tamil Tigers and to have captured the northern town of Nedunkeni.
    (SFC, 5/19/97, p.A14)

1997        May, The government army began its “Sure of Victory” campaign and moved to open the Kandy-Jaffna Road.
    (SFC, 8/8/98, p.B1)

1997        Jun 5, The film “Dark Night of the Soul” by Prasanna Vithanage was an Int’l. film festival award winner and premiered in the Bay Area.
    (SFC, 6/5/97, p.E3)

1997        Jun 11, A Tamil Tiger rebel raid claimed 300 soldiers dead vs. 50 guerrillas. The government said 97 soldiers were killed at Thandikulam and Nochchimoddai.
    (SFC, 6/12/97, p.A14)

1997        Aug 4, Weekend fighting reportedly left 200 Tamil Tigers and 67 government troops dead. The rebel bodies were severely disfigured.
    (SFC, 8/5/97, p.A9)

1997        Aug 11, It was reported that Sri Lanka was getting desperate for recruits and that more than 12,000 soldiers had deserted the army in recent months. Women were being recruited and it was noted that half of the Tamil rebel attack forces were composed of women. The government military service was comprised of some 114,000 vs. about 5,000 Tamil fighters.
    (SFC, 8/11/97, p.A7)

1997        Aug 19, Government jets hit rebel positions and some 20,000 government troops met guerrillas en route to Puliyankulam where 7 soldiers and more than 50 rebels were reported killed.
    (SFC, 8/20/97, p.A9)

1997        Aug 28, Pres. Kumaratunga pushed parliament to enact constitutional changes to address Tamil grievances.
    (SFC, 8/29/97, p.A16)

1997        Sep, Tamil guerrillas sank a ship in the Trincomalee area. By 1999 leakage of the 700 tons of oil in the ship was threatening the coastline.
    (SFC, 2/19/99, p.A6)

1997        Oct 1, A government clash with Tamil Tigers left at least 70 combatants dead in Puliyankulam.
    (SFC, 10/2/97, p.A3)

1997        Oct 15, 18 people were killed in a series of bomb blasts in downtown Colombo and some 110 were injured. The blasts occurred at the 39-story World Trade Center. 15-20 youths were said to have taken part in the attack. The Liberation Tigers were reported to be led by Velupillai Prabhakaran, the son of a fisherman.
    (SFC,10/15/97, p.C4)(SFC,10/17/97, p.A12)(SFC, 1/26/98, p.A9)

1997        Oct 18, It was reported that the civil war had caused the loss of some 2.5 million palmyrah trees, a hardwood that helps prevent soil erosion during the monsoons. The trees were being used for bunkers and checkpoints by the army and the Liberation Tigers.
    (SFC,10/18/97, p.A18)

1997        Oct 25, Government troops seized 965 ethnic Tamils for questioning over an earlier truck bombing. Rebels in the northeast attacked a military post that left 6 soldiers and three rebels dead.
    (SFEC,10/26/97, p.A21)

1997        Nov 2, The military bombed a ship unloading weapons for the Tamil Tigers and 60 people were reported killed.
    (SFC,11/4/97, p.A12)

1997        Nov 26, Amnesty Int’l. reported that the military killed 600 people arrested in the war zone that were reported missing over the last 18 months.
    (SFC,11/27/97, p.B5)

1997        Dec 25, In Sri Lanka fighting erupted in the north and at least 17 people were killed.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.A16)

1997        Dec, In Sri Lanka Tamil Tiger rebels detonated a truck bomb that was targeting the navy commander at the Galle port area.
    (AFP, 10/19/06)

1998        Jan 15, A Jaffna library of Tamil literature was reopened as a gesture conciliatory gesture toward separatist rebels.
    (WSJ, 1/16/98, p.A1)

1998        Jan 25, Suicide bombers killed themselves and 8 others as their truck crashed through the gates of the Temple of the Tooth in Kandy. The temple reportedly held a tooth of the Buddha brought from India in the 4th century. Enraged Sinhalese burned down a Hindu cultural center in Kandy in retaliation.
    (SFC, 1/26/98, p.A9)

1998        Feb 6, A suicide bomber killed 10 people in Colombo and rebels pressed attacks on government near Jaffna.
    (WSJ, 2/9/98, p.A1)

1998        Feb 22, Rebel gunboats attacked a 12-ship convoy carrying soldiers to northern Sri Lanka. Up to 70 people were killed when 2 vessels were sunk. Rebel casualties were estimated at 30. At least 6 of the 25 rebel boats were destroyed.
    (SFC, 2/23/98, p.A12)

1998        Mar 5, In Colombo a bus bomb with at least 2 shrapnel-laden bombs killed at least 32 people and injured over 300.
    (SFC, 3/6/98, p.A12)

1998        May, In Sri Lanka Sarojini Yogeswaran, mayor of Jaffna, was shot and killed by suspected Tiger rebels. He had just been elected in Jan.
    (SFC, 8/8/98, p.B1)

1998        May, In Sri Lanka Brigadier Larry Wijeratne was killed by a Tiger suicide bomber.
    (SFC, 8/8/98, p.B1)

1998        cJun, A soldier made allegations that government soldiers had buried at least 400 Tamils in mass graves in Chenmanni near Jaffna city. The soldier was convicted of raping and murdering a Tamil teenager. An excavation of the site was scheduled for Jun, 1999.
    (SFC, 4/2/99, p.D3)(SFC, 4/10/99, p.C14)

1998        Jun, Pres. Kumaratunga ordered censorship on war reporting.
    (SFC, 8/8/98, p.B1)

1998        Aug 4, Pres. Kumaratunga ordered a month-long state of emergency and effectively postponed provincial elections scheduled for August.
    (SFC, 8/8/98, p.B1)

1998        Aug 8, It was reported that recent fighting has left some 1,800 guerrillas and 1,600 government troops dead.
    (SFC, 8/8/98, p.B1)

1998        Sep 11, Separatists bombed City Hall in Jaffa and killed Mayor Ponnuthurai Sivapalan and at least 11 others.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.C2)

1998        Sep 27, Government troops clashed with Tamil rebels and at least 49 people were killed.
    (SFC, 9/28/98, p.A10)

1998        Sep 29, A Lionair commercial plane, Flight 602, carrying 55 people disappeared off the coast after leaving the Jaffna peninsula. The Ukrainian-built Antonov-24 was bound for Colombo. The government said 700 soldiers and rebels had died in a 3-day battle in the north. Later reports put the death toll to 1300.
    (SFC, 9/30/98, p.A11)(WSJ, 9/30/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/28/00, p.A1)

1998        Dec 23, At least 30 insurgents were killed in Oddusuddan in the heaviest fighting in months.
    (USAT, 12/23/98, p.8A)

1999        Mar 16, A suicide bomber killed 2 people in a Colombo assassination attempt.
    (WSJ, 3/17/99, p.A1)

1999        Apr 3, 15 rebels were killed at Janakapurna village and 4 soldiers were killed by a land mine in Tanmakeny village. 5 other rebels were killed in the north.
    (SFC, 4/5/99, p.A9)

1999        Apr 9, Investigators found 16 human skeletons buried in the Durayappa Stadium in Jaffna where it was alleged that hundreds of ethnic Tamils were buried.
    (SFC, 4/10/99, p.C14)

1999        Jun 27, An offensive against Tamil rebels left 16 government soldiers and 41 guerrillas dead.
    (WSJ, 6/28/99, p.A1)

1999        Jul 29, A suicide bomber killed Neelan Tiruchelvam, a leader of the Tamil minority, in Colombo. Tiruchelvam had helped draft changes to the constitution that would grant greater autonomy to Tamil dominated areas. The bombing appeared to be the work of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE).
    (SFC, 7/30/99, p.D2)

1999        Aug 11, Suspected Tamil rebels set off a mine under a bus carrying police officers and at least 11 people were killed and 17 wounded.
    (SFC, 8/12/99, p.D3)

1999        Sep 18, In Sri Lanka over 50 Sinhalese villagers were massacred by female-led Tamil rebels.
    (SFC, 9/29/99, p.A10)(SFC, 3/11/00, p.A10)

1999        Oct 30, Savumiamoorthy Thondaman, Tamil trade unionist and politician, died at age 86-87.
    (SFC, 11/3/99, p.C6)

1999        Nov 7, The military command was shuffled after Tamil Tigers overran 10 strategic camps earlier in the week. Hundreds of soldiers were dead or missing.
    (SFC, 11/8/99, p.C14)

1999        Nov 9, Pres. Chandrika Kumaratunga said 4,000 people were driven from their homes by the rebels and that the military had suffered 101 dead and 743 wounded.
    (SFC, 11/10/99, p.A14)

1999        cNov 14, A bomb injured 34 people at an opposition rally for Ranil Wickremesinghe.
    (WSJ, 11/15/99, p.A1)

1999        Nov 23, A Tamil offensive brought Talladi into range for artillery pieces.
    (WSJ, 11/24/99, p.A1)

1999        Nov 28, The rebels offered talks to end the 16-year civil war as presidential elections approached.
    (WSJ, 11/29/99, p.A1)

1999        Dec 11, Rebels led by Villupillai Prabhakaran pushed toward Jaffna with an attack at Elephant Pass. The Defense Ministry claimed that 261 rebels were killed as opposed to 12 soldiers and 4 civilians. Rebels put their losses at 38.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.A17)

1999        Dec 15, Brig. Sunil Tennakoon said 480 rebels had been killed in the attack at Elephant Pass, as opposed to 28 soldiers and that the mass assault was blocked. Guerrillas said 38 fighters were killed as opposed to over 100 soldiers.
    (SFC, 12/16/99, p.C2)

1999        Dec 18, In Colombo, Sri Lanka, a suicide bomb attack wounded Pres. Chandrika Kumaratunga and killed 26 people. Another bomb at a rally of the United National Party killed at least 11 people and injured 40 others. Tamil rebels were blamed. In 2010 Sakthivel Ilankesvaran, an ethnic Tamil man employed as a driver, was sentenced to 30 years of hard labor.
    (SFEC, 12/19/99, p.A21)(WSJ, 12/20/99, p.A1)(AP, 10/27/10)

1999        Dec 21, In Sri Lanka presidential elections were held. At least 7 people were killed in poll violence. Pres. Chandrika Kumaratunga won 51% of the vote. Ranil Wickremesinghe, the nearest rival, won 43%.
    (WSJ, 11/24/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/22/99, p.A1)(SFC, 12/23/99, p.C10)

1999        Dec 23, Fighting broke out at Lyakachchi and at least 101 guerrillas and soldiers were later reported killed.
    (SFC, 12/25/99, p.A14)

2000        Jan 3, Fighting was reported at a key northern pass that had left 60 people dead on both sides.
    (WSJ, 1/3/00, p.A1)

2000        Jan 4, In Colombo, Sri Lanka, a suicide bomber set off explosives strapped to her body and killed herself and 19 [12] others near the prime minister's office. A Tamil politician was shot dead by motorcycle assassin nearby.
    (SFC, 1/5/00, p.A8)(WSJ, 1/6/00, p.A1)

2000        Jan 27, A parcel bomb exploded in a post office and killed at least 11 people in Tamil-dominated Vavuniya. 73 people were injured and Tamil rebels were blamed.
    (SFC, 1/28/00, p.A15)

2000        Feb 8, Bombs exploded in 2 buses around Colombo and 2 people were killed and 31 injured.
    (SFC, 2/9/00, p.C3)

2000        Feb 16, 57 soldiers and guerrillas were killed in renewed fighting as Knut Vollebaek, the foreign minister of Norway, met with Pres. Chandrika Kumaratunga to help broker peace talks.
    (SFC, 2/17/00, p.D3)

2000        Mar 10, A bomber blew himself up and killed 19 others including 5 policemen. 64 people were injured as he missed a motorcade of Cabinet ministers. 4 rebels committed suicide as troops closed in on them following the botched assassination attempt.
    (SFC, 3/11/00, p.A8)(WSJ, 3/13/00, p.A13)

2000        Mar 30, An air force plane leased from a Ukrainian company crashed and 36 military personnel were killed along with 4 Russian crew members.
    (SFC, 3/31/00, p.E4)

2000        Apr 2, A rebel attack launched 7 days earlier had left 78 fighters dead. Rebels said 700 government troops had been killed since the attack began with 71 rebels dead. The army admitted to 102 deaths and claimed 210 rebels killed. Thousands of residents were stranded near the Elephant Pass causeway.
    (SFC, 4/3/00, p.A9)

2000        Apr 19, The Defense Ministry reported 12 soldiers dead from fighting over the causeway linking Jaffna to the mainland. Rebels reported 100 soldiers killed and 26 rebels dead.
    (SFC, 4/20/00, p.C4)

2000        Apr 22, Rebels took over Elephant Pass.
    (SFC, 5/9/00, p.A10)

2000        Apr 23, The government confirmed that it lost the battle for the control of Elephant Pass. Rebels claimed 1000 soldiers died in the fight.
    (WSJ, 4/24/00, p.A1)

2000        Apr 30, Rebels captured a key army base at Pallai.
    (SFC, 5/1/00, p.A13)

2000        May 4, The government imposed censorship on the foreign media and gave wide powers to the military as rebels poised to recapture Jaffna.
    (SFC, 5/5/00, p.A18)

2000        May 10, Tamil rebels attacked army posts on three fronts near Jaffna after the government rejected an offer to allow 40,000 troops to withdraw.
    (WSJ, 5/11/00, p.A1)

2000        May 12, Some Tamil Tiger rebels rolled into Jaffna and forced government troops to retreat.
    (SFC, 5/13/00, p.A9)

2000        May 22, Over 150 Tamil rebels were killed over 2 days of fighting for control in Jaffna. Norwegian Deputy Foreign Minister met with Foreign Minister Lakshman Kadirgamar in Colombo in an attempt to broker a peace.
    (SFC, 5/23/00, p.A12)

2000        Jun 5, The government claimed that it had killed some 1,000 rebels in recent days. The censorship over foreign media was lifted.
    (WSJ, 6/6/00, p.A1)

2000        Jun 7, C.V. Gooneratne, Minister for Industrial Development, was killed along with 20 other people on War Heroes Day by a suicide bomber near Colombo. Gooneratne’s wife died the next day and the toll climbed to 23.
    (SFC, 6/8/00, p.A12)(SFC, 6/9/00, p.A18)

2000        Jun 14, A suicide bomber killed himself and 2 civilians when he rammed a bus with 25 sick air force soldiers. None of the troops were hurt.
    (SFC, 6/15/00, p.A16)

2000        Jun 26, It was reported that at least 500 civilians had died in fighting since March.
    (WSJ, 6/26/00, p.A1)

2000        Jun 30, The Supreme Court threw out the government’s news censorship system.
    (SFC, 7/1/00, p.A13)

2000        Jul 4, The government reimposed censorship on local media and foreign journalists reporting on the civil war.
    (SFC, 7/5/00, p.A4)

2000        Jul 6, The military reported 50 guerrillas killed in commando attacks on northern Tamil bases. Tamil rebels reported 35 dead.
    (SFC, 7/7/00, p.D6)

2000        Aug 3, The government presented rebels with a new constitution that offered autonomy to minority Tamils. Ramil Wickremesinghe, opposition United National Party leader, rejected the offer.
    (SFC, 8/4/00, p.D3)(SFC, 8/5/00, p.A11)

2000        Sep 3, The government began “Operation Sunrise” against rebels in the Jaffna Peninsula.
    (SFC, 9/5/00, p.A12)

2000        Sep 4, The government “Operation Sunrise” left some 144 government soldiers and over 230 rebels dead along with some 766 wounded.
    (SFC, 9/5/00, p.A12)

2000        Sep 10, Government forces destroyed 14 Tamil Tiger bunkers in Jaffna. 12 soldiers and 70 guerrillas were killed.
    (SFC, 9/11/00, p.B8)

2000        Sep 17, Government troops captured Chavakachcheri, 6 miles east of Jaffna. 4 soldiers and 1 officer were reported killed.
    (SFC, 9/18/00, p.A9)

2000        Oct 2, A suspected suicide bomber killed at least 19 people at a political rally.
    (WSJ, 10/3/00, p.A1)

2000        Oct 5, A suicide explosion near an election rally left 13 people dead in Medawachchiya.
    (SFC, 10/6/00, p.D4)

2000        Oct 10, At least 5 people were killed in violence during parliamentary elections. Kumaratunga’s People’s Alliance led the voting over the United National Party with 107 seats to 89 in the 225-seat legislature.
    (WSJ, 10/11/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/12/00, p.A16)(SFC, 10/13/00, p.D3)

2000        Oct 10, Sirimavo Bandaranaike, the 1st woman in the world to serve as a prime minister, died at age 84 just after voting in elections.
    (SFC, 10/11/00, p.A24)

2000        Oct 19, A suicide bomber killed himself, 2 other people and injured 21 in Colombo after police challenged him near the Town Hall.
    (SFC, 10/19/00, p.C10)(SFC, 10/20/00, p.a16)

2000        Oct 23, Rebels launched an attack against the navy base at Trincomalee. The military said 24 combatants died including 18 rebels.
    (WSJ, 10/24/00, p.A1)

2000        Oct 25, In Sri Lanka some 3000 Sinhala villagers in Bindunuwewa attacked a Tamil rebel child rehabilitation center and killed 26 ex-fighters (14-25). They were angered when the child soldiers took hostage a Sinhalese officer.
    (SFC, 10/26/00, p.D8)(Econ, 7/18/09, p.40)

2000        Nov 23, In Sri Lanka rebel mortar shells killed 2 children at the Al-Manar school in Mutur.
    (SFC, 11/24/00, p.D8)

2000        Nov 27, The Tamil Tiger rebels called for unconditional peace talks along with a cease-fire.
    (SFC, 11/28/00, p.A18)(WSJ, 11/28/00, p.A1)

2000        Dec 16, Government troops stage an offensive against rebels in the northern Jaffna Peninsula. 12 soldiers were killed along with 26 rebels.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, p.D9)

2000        Dec 19, Government soldiers detained 8 Tamil civilians. Their bodies were later found in a mass grave.
    (WSJ, 12/27/00, p.A1)

2000        Dec 21, In Sri Lanka Tamil rebels announced a unilateral month-long cease-fire with hopes of resuming peace talks. Sri Lanka launched a new offensive just hours following the rebel cease-fire.
    (SFC, 12/22/00, p.A22)(WSJ, 12/22/00, p.A1)

2000        Dec 24, Government forces raided a rebel camp in Navatkuli and killed 18, including 14 girl soldiers.
    (SFC, 12/25/00, p.A16)

2000        Dec 26, A cyclone hit the northeast and killed 8 people.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.B5)

2001        Jan 4, The defense ministry announced that the civil war left 3,753 people dead in 2000, including 87 civilians.
    (SFC, 1/5/01, p.D2)

2001        Jan 16, A government offensive left 41 people dead including 22 rebels and 18 soldiers.
    (SFC, 1/17/01, p.A11)

2001        Feb 22, Rebels extended a unilateral cease-fire and said they wanted peace talks.
    (SFC, 2/23/01, p.A20)

2001        Apr 3, Sri Lanka agreed to open peace talks with Tamil rebels following diplomatic initiative by Norway.
    (WSJ, 4/4/01, p.A1)

2001        Apr 23, Tamil Tiger rebels decided to end their unilateral cease-fire.
    (SFC, 4/24/01, p.A12)

2001        Apr 25, Sri Lanka soldiers attacked rebel positions and 32 were killed with 180 wounded. Rebels lost 75 fighters with 300 wounded.
    (SFC, 4/26/01, p.A14)

2001        Apr 26, Sri Lanka soldiers pushed rebels back near Eluthumadduval. 87 soldiers were killed with 382 wounded. The army said 110 rebels were killed with 300 wounded.
    (SFC, 4/27/01, p.D4)

2001        cApr 29, Sri Lanka appealed for peace talks following bloody battles and retreats in the north.
    (WSJ, 4/30/01, p.A1)

2001        Jun 4, Anti-terrorist commandos killed 14 Tamil Tiger rebels trying to infiltrate the Ampara district.
    (SFC, 6/5/01, p.A14)

2001        Jul 2, Government jets were sent against rebel bases near Jaffna.
    (WSJ, 7/3/01, p.A1)

2001        Jul 10, Pres. Kumaratunga suspended parliament.
    (WSJ, 7/12/01, p.A1)

2001        Jul 20, In Sri Lanka thousands of demonstrators were blocked from marching into the capital to protest the suspension of parliament by Pres. Kumaratunga. 2 people were killed.
    (SFC, 7/20/01, p.D4)(WSJ, 7/20/01, p.A1)

2001        Jul 23, Tamil separatists attack an air base, damaged a number of planes and shut down the nation’s only int’l. airport. 7 soldiers and 8 guerrillas were killed. 3 jetliners and 8 warplanes were blown up in a suicide attack by 13 rebels.
    (WSJ, 7/24/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 7/25/01, p.A1)(SFC, 7/24/01, p.A12)

2001        Aug 21, A referendum on a new constitution was scheduled. On Aug 7 Pres. Kumaratunga  postponed it to Oct 18.
    (WSJ, 7/12/01, p.A1)

2001        Sep 16, Tamil rebels in about 20 boats attacked a ship with 1,200 Sri Lankan soldiers and killed at least 11. 12 soldiers were missing and 15 rebels were reported killed.
    (SFC, 9/17/01, p.A18)

2001        Oct 10, Pres. Kumaratunga dissolved parliament and set elections for Dec 5 after defections left her coalition in the minority.
    (WSJ, 10/11/01, p.A1)

2001        Oct 29, A suicide bomber blew himself up after being stopped by police in Colombo. 2 others were killed and 18 injured.
    (WSJ, 10/30/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 29, Tamil Tiger rebels attacked a fuel ship with explosive-packed boats. 4 rebels died along with 3 people aboard the ship. The M.V. Silk Pride, carrying 660 tons of fuel, exploded and sank.
    (SFC, 11/1/01, p.C7)

2001        Dec 4, In Sri Lanka the death toll reached 45, since Oct 21, as elections began for a new 225-seat Parliament. Poll violence killed 10 and an army blockade kept some 130,000 minority Tamils from casting ballots. The opposition United National Party won.
    (SFC, 12/5/01, p.A7)(WSJ, 12/6/01, p.A1)(SFC, 12/8/01, p.A6)

2001        Dec 7, Pres. Kumaratunga called on Ranil Wickremesinghe, head of the United National Party, to form a government. The UNP promised to pursue peace talks with Tamil rebels.
    (SFC, 12/8/01, p.A6)

2001        Dec 19, Rebels declared a one-month truce.
    (WSJ, 12/20/01, p.A1)

2001        Dec 23, Sri Lanka's Premier traveled to India to press for greater involvement in peace talks with the Tamil rebels.
    (WSJ, 12/24/01, p.A1)

2002        Feb 21, Sri Lanka approved a Norwegian long-term cease-fire plan already approved by Tamil Tiger rebels.
    (SFC, 2/22/02, p.A13)

2002        Feb 22, Sri Lanka and Tamil Tiger rebels signed a Norwegian long-term cease-fire plan. The death toll stood at more than 65,000 when the cease-fire was signed.
    (SFC, 2/23/02, p.A9)(AP, 7/3/06)

2002        Apr 10, Rebel leader Velupillai Prabhakaran made his 1st public appearance in 15 years and pledged his commitment to peace talks along with the goal of an independent Tamil state. The 18-year civil war had already left 65,000 dead.
    (SFC, 4/11/02, p.A11)(WSJ, 4/11/02, p.A1)

2002        Sep 9, Tens of thousands of Sri Lankans rallied in the capital Colombo in a show of support for peace talks with separatist Tamil Tiger rebels aimed at ending one of Asia's longest-running wars.
    (Reuters, 9/9/02)

2002        Sep 16, Sri Lanka's government and Tamil Tiger rebels began peace talks brokered by Norway in Thailand.
    (Reuters, 9/16/02)(SFC, 9/16/02, p.A7)(WSJ, 9/17/02, p.A1)

2002        Sep 28, Sri Lanka and Tamil Tiger rebels exchanged prisoners of war as part of the ongoing peace process, and the rebels claimed they had no more prisoners in custody.
    (AP, 9/28/02)

2002        Oct 31, Velupillai Prabhakaran, the reclusive leader of Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger guerrillas, was sentenced in absentia to 200 years' jail, as government and rebel officials began talks in Thailand to try to end 19 years of war.
    (Reuters, 10/31/02)

2002        Nov 27,  Velupillai Prabhakaran, leader of Sri Lanka's Tamil Tigers, said he was willing to settle for regional autonomy.
    (AP, 11/27/02)

2003        Feb 7, Three Tamil Tiger rebels blew up their boat, killing themselves, after they were found trying to smuggle an anti-aircraft gun and hundreds of rounds of ammunition into Sri Lanka.
    (AP, 2/7/03)

2003          Mar 10, The Sri Lankan navy exchanged fire with a Tamil Tiger boat off the northern coast, sinking the rebel vessel and likely killing all 10 on board.
    (AP, 3/10/03)

2003        Mar 20, A suspected Tamil Tiger rebel boat attacked and sank a vessel carrying Chinese fishermen off eastern Sri Lanka, killing 17 people on board.
    (AP, 3/21/03)

2003        Apr 26, In Sri Lanka Bastiampillai Deogupillai (86), a former bishop of the troubled northern city of Jaffna, has died. Deogupillai had aided tens of thousands of people during Sri Lanka's 19-year civil war.
    (AP, 4/27/03)

2003        May 17, In south-central Sri Lanka flash floods and landslides killed at least 300 people and drove some 150,000 people from their homes.
    (WSJ, 5/19/03, p.A1)(AP, 5/21/03)

2003        Jun 9, Japan pledged $1 billion in aid to help rebuild war-torn Sri Lanka as a major donor conference opened in Tokyo. $2 billion in aid was pledged but without the participation of the country's Tamil rebels.
    (AP, 6/9/03)

2003        Jun 15, Suspected Tamil Tiger rebels killed a Tamil politician opposed to them, fueling tensions a day after the murder of another politician and an ocean battle between government and rebels forces.
    (AP, 6/15/03)

2003        Sep 17, In Sri Lanka 19 million people shared space with about 3,000 wild elephants. As forests dwindled the huge beasts entered villages to forage in garbage dumps for food.
    (AP, 9/17/03)

2003        Oct 3, In Sri Lanka the US Embassy said it has re-designated the Tamil Tigers as a terrorist organization, despite an ongoing peace process between the Sri Lankan government and the rebels.
    (AP, 10/4/03)

2003        Nov 4, Sri Lanka's Pres. Kumaratunga suspended Parliament and deployed troops around the capital after firing three key cabinet ministers who were trying to coax Tamil rebels back into talks to end a 20-year civil war. Her PM and arch foe, Ranil Wickremessinghe, was in Washington to confer with Pres. Bush.
    (AP, 11/4/03)(WSJ, 11/6/03, p.A1)(SFC, 11/7/03, p.A3)

2003        Nov 5, In Sri Lanka Pres. Kumaratunga declared a state of emergency.
    (Econ, 11/8/03, p.41)

2003        Sri Lanka’s population was about 19 million.
    (WSJ, 7/13/99, p.B1)(SSFC, 11/9/03, p.A12)

2004        Feb 7, Sri Lanka's president dissolved parliament, paving the way for elections nearly three years ahead of schedule.
    (AP, 2/8/04)

2004        Feb 11, Sri Lanka's president fired 39 ministers and deputy ministers from the caretaker government headed by her rival.
    (AP, 2/11/04)

2004        Mar 30, In Sri Lanka gunmen stormed the home of a Tamil parliamentary candidate who was allied to a renegade rebel leader, killing the candidate and one of his relatives.
    (AP, 3/30/04)

2004        Mar, In Sri Lanka eastern regional commander Vinayagamoorthy Muraleetharan, aka Karuna, split with Liberation Tigers in order to establish his own administration.
    (SFC, 4/10/04, p.A8)

2004        Apr 2, In Sri Lanka Pres. Kumaratunga's political alliance won the most seats in parliamentary elections, indicating deep popular support for its tough stance toward Tamil Tiger rebels.
    (AP, 4/3/04)(WSJ, 4/5/04, p.A1)

2004        Apr 5, In Sri Lanka Pres. Kumaratunga appointed Mahinda Rajapakse as PM.
    (SFC, 4/6/04, p.A2)

2004        Apr 6, With Tamil Tiger rebels threatening to restart the civil war, Sri Lanka's newly installed PM called on neighboring India to help revive the island's faltering peace process.
    (AP, 4/6/04)

2004        Apr 9, Rival Tamil Tiger guerrilla factions fought with mortars and guns, in a battle that killed at least nine people, wounded 20.
    (AP, 4/9/04)

2004        Apr 24, In Sri Lanka President Chandrika Kumaratunga's alliance won a key regional election, nearly 3 weeks after it emerged as the single largest party in parliamentary polls.
    (AP, 4/25/04)

2004        May 28, Malaysia issued a detention order for Buhary Syed Abu Tahir, a Sri Lankan businessman, on charges that in 2002 he brought 7 Libyan technicians to Malaysia to be trained to operate machines to produce centrifuge parts for Libya’s nuclear weapons program. Tahir was a key associate of Abdul Qadeer Khan, former head of Pakistan’s nuclear weapons program.
    (WSJ, 6/4/04, p.A10)

2004        Jul 7, In Sri Lanka a Tamil Tiger suicide bomber detonated explosives at a police station, killing herself and 4 officers.
    (AP, 7/7/04)

2004        Jul 12, A Sri Lankan woman was beheaded in the Saudi capital for murdering her employer. Bader el-Nisaa Mibari had been convicted of killing Sara bint Mohammed al-Haqeel, a Saudi woman, after trying to rob her with the help a male companion.
    (AP, 7/12/04)

2004        Jul 24, Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels killed eight rivals in the worst outbreak of violence in three months.
    (AP, 7/25/04)

2004        Nov 27, Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels threatened to resume a two-decade war for self-rule if the government does not agree to discuss their demands soon.
    (AP, 11/27/04)

2004        Dec 26, The world's most powerful earthquake in 40 years triggered massive tidal waves that slammed into villages and seaside resorts across southern and southeast Asia. The initial estimated death toll of 9,000 soon rose to some 230,000 people in 14 countries. The magnitude 9.0 earthquake was the world's fifth-largest since 1900 and the largest since a 9.2 temblor hit Prince William Sound Alaska in 1964. The epicenter was located 155 miles south-southeast of Banda Aceh, the capital of Aceh province on Sumatra, and six miles under the seabed of the Indian Ocean. In Indonesia at least 166,320 people were killed.
    Bangladesh reported 2 killed; India: at least 9,691 deaths: thousands were missing and possibly dead in India's remote Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Indonesia: At least 101,318 people were killed on Sumatra island and small islands off its coast. Kenya reported 1 killed. Malaysia: At least 68 people, including an unknown number of foreign tourists, were dead. Myanmar: At least 90 people were killed. Sri Lanka: At least 30,680 were killed in government and rebel controlled areas. The Maldives, an archipelago of 1,190 low-lying coral islands and a tiny population of 280,000, at least 82 people were killed and missing. At least 42 islands were flattened in the low-lying atoll nation. Somalia: At least 298 were killed. Tanzania: At least 10 killed. Thailand: The confirmed death toll for Thailand reached 5,322, but many suspected Myanmar migrants were not counted. Some 230,000 people were killed in a dozen countries.
    (SFC, 12/28/04, p.A1)(AP, 12/30/04)(SSFC, 1/2/05, p.A12)(AP, 1/7/05)(Econ, 1/22/05, p.41)(AP, 12/25/09)(AP, 11/12/13)

2005        Feb 7, In Sri Lanka E. Koushalyan, the LTTE's political wing leader for the eastern province, was killed in an ambush along with four other senior rebels and former Tamil legislator Chandra Nehru. Military officials said they suspected the attack was carried out by a breakaway faction of the Tamil Tigers led by the former number two in the leadership, known as Karuna.
    (AP, 2/8/05)(Econ, 2/26/05, p.40)

2005        Apr 15, In Sri Lanka at least five renegade Tamil Tiger rebels were killed in a fresh bout of violence in the restive northeast.
    (Reuters, 4/15/05)

2005        Apr 25, Pakistan said the start of a free trade agreement with Sri Lanka in June is expected to double business between the 2 countries to almost 300 million dollars in the first year.
    (AP, 4/25/05)

2005        Apr 27, In northwestern Sri Lanka an intercity passenger train collided with a bus that tried to dash through a railroad crossing, killing 35 people.
    (AP, 4/27/05)

2005        Apr 28, Dharmeratnam Sivaram (46), a top Tamil journalist whose articles favored the mainstream Tamil rebels over a breakaway faction, was fatally shot hours after being seized by attackers at a restaurant in Colombo.
    (AP, 4/29/05)

2005        Apr 29, Sri Lanka's government ordered a "full-scale investigation" into the slaying of a senior Tamil journalist who was abducted overnight as he left a restaurant.
    (AP, 4/29/05)

2005        May 16, In Sri Lanka at least one man was killed and four wounded in fresh violence, as international aid donors tried to nudge the island's warring parties to revive peace talks.
    (AFP, 5/17/05)

2005        Jun 15, Sri Lanka's president vowed to go ahead with a deal to share tsunami aid with the rebel Tamil Tigers, despite a threat by a ruling coalition partner to leave the government if she does not back down.
    (AP, 6/15/05)

2005        Jun 16, Marxists lawmakers quit Sri Lanka's governing coalition over the president's plan to share tsunami relief with ethnic Tamil rebels.
    (AP, 6/16/05)

2005        Jul 10, In Sri Lanka 4 Tiger rebels were killed at their LTTE office in Trimcomalee, despite a ceasefire. Violence in the area quickly escalated. The government denied responsibility for the attack.
    (AP, 7/14/05)

2005        Aug 12, In Sri Lanka foreign minister Lakshman Kadirgamar (73), an ethnic Tamil, was shot in the head and heart after finishing a swim at his home. Tamil Tiger rebels denied involvement.
    (AP, 8/13/05)

2005        Aug 13, Sri Lanka declared a state of emergency and deployed troops to search for suspects Saturday after the assassination of the foreign minister.
    (AP, 8/13/05)

2005        Aug 14, Security forces arrested 12 minority Tamils before dawn in connection with the assassination of Sri Lanka's foreign minister, and a Tamil lawmaker said only a peace deal could stop such killings in a country many fear is sliding back to war.
    (AP, 8/14/05)

2005        Aug 22, The brother of Sri Lankan President Chandrika Kumaratunga was sworn in as foreign minister to replace Lakshman Kadirgamar, assassinated by suspected rebels.
    (AP, 8/22/05)

2005        Aug 26, Sri Lanka's Supreme Court ruled that President Chandrika Kumaratunga's final term expires in December, ending her controversial 11-year reign and clearing the way for a vote before November 21.
    (AP, 8/26/05)

2005        Aug 29, In Sri Lanka attackers on a bicycle hurled grenades at a Tamil-language newspaper office in the capital of Colombo, killing a security guard.
    (AP, 8/29/05)

2005        Sep 8, Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger guerrillas ambushed a police patrol in the island's restive northeast, killing two constables and wounding six.
    (AFP, 9/8/05)

2005        Oct 24, Sri Lanka's president and her main political rival agreed for the first time to forge a bipartisan approach to the island's peace process aimed at ending decades of ethnic bloodshed.
    (AP, 10/25/05)

2005        Nov 4, Victor Hettigoda, a wealthy Sri Lankan presidential candidate, said he will use his personal fortune to buy a cow for every home if he is elected in the Nov 17 elections.
    (AP, 11/7/05)

2005        Nov 12, In Dhaka, Bangladesh, a 2-day summit aimed to alleviate poverty and boost trade and cooperation among Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Leaders called for greater cooperation within the region to deal with the aftermath of disasters like the Kashmir earthquake and last year's devastating tsunami.
    (AFP, 11/12/05)

2005        Nov 14, Sri Lanka awarded long-term resident and British science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke its highest civilian award for his contributions to science and technology and his commitment to his adopted country.
    (AP, 11/14/05)

2005        Nov 17, In Sri Lanka well-armed rebels and sporadic explosions blocked thousands of Sri Lankans from voting for a new president to help the country end decades of civil war and recover from last year's devastating tsunami. Ex-Premier Wickremesinghe, favoring Tamil rebel talks, faced Premier Rajapakse, a skeptic on peace.
    (AP, 11/17/05)(WSJ, 11/17/05, p.A1)

2005        Nov 18, An election official said PM Mahinda Rajapakse, a hard-liner toward Tamil rebels, won Sri Lanka's presidential election by a narrow margin. Suspected separatist rebels in Akkaraipattu tossed grenades into a Mosque during morning prayers, killing at least four Muslim worshippers. Rajapakse later appointed his 3 brothers to run important ministries.
    (AP, 11/18/05)(Econ, 6/9/07, p.26)

2005        Dec 4, In Sri Lanka a land mine killed 6 Sri Lankan soldiers with 3 wounded in a northern area that is home to most of the country's Tamil minority. A government soldier near the northern city of Jaffna. The military blamed the Tamil Tiger rebels for attacks.
    (AP, 12/04/05)(AP, 12/05/05)

2005        Dec 6, In Sri Lanka a land mine blast killed 6 soldiers in the northern city of Jaffna.
    (AP, 12/06/05)

2005        Dec 11, Japanese peace envoy Yasushi Akashi invited Sri Lanka and Tamil Tiger rebels to meet in Japan for talks to save their ceasefire, which is threatened with collapse after 34 people were killed in fresh violence.
    (AP, 12/11/05)

2005        Dec 23, Powerful land mine blasts blew up a bus carrying Sri Lankan sailors, killing 15 and injuring at least 15 others. Tamil separatist rebels were suspected in the attack amid an escalation of violence that is threatening to return the South Asian nation to civil war.
    (AFP, 12/23/05)

2005        Dec 25, In Sri Lanka gunmen shot and killed Joseph Pararajasingham (71), a pro-rebel legislator during midnight Christmas Mass. He represented the Tamil National Alliance, a proxy party of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, the rebel group that wants to create a homeland for Sri Lanka's 3.2 million ethnic Tamil minority.
    (AP, 12/25/05)

2005        Dec 27, In Sri Lanka a land mine killed at least 10 soldiers on the northern Jaffna peninsula. A police officer patrolling the eastern town of Kalmunai was killed. Tiger rebels were blamed.
    (SFC, 12/28/05, p.A5)

2005        Dec 31, In Sri Lanka police and soldiers cordoned off five districts in Colombo and detained more than 900 people during door-to-door searches to track down Tamil Tiger rebels.
    (AP, 12/31/05)

2005        The EU awarded Sri Lanka a concession known as “GSP Plus” to help the country deal with the 2004 tsunami. The preferential tariff treatments were due to expire in 2008.
    (Econ, 8/16/08, p.42)

2006        Jan 2, In Sri Lanka 5 civilians suspected of working for separatist rebels were allegedly killed when their grenades exploded before they could hurl them at troops. Forensic tests showed that the victims had been shot dead. The incident referred to as Trincomalee massacre happened when 5 minority Sri Lankan Tamil high school students playing by the beach were briefly detained and then shot dead.
    (AP, 1/3/06)(AP, 2/14/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2006_Trincomalee_massacre)

2006        Jan 7, In Sri Lanka an explosives-rigged fishing boat rammed a Sri Lankan navy gunboat, killing 13 of 15 sailors in a rebel suicide attack.
    (AP, 1/7/06)(SSFC, 1/8/06, p.A3)

2006        Jan 12, In Sri Lanka at least 9 sailors died when a bus they were traveling on was blown up by a mine.
    (Econ, 1/14/06, p.47)

2006        Jan 17, Suspected Tiger rebels set off two more mines and fought a gunbattle with troops leaving 3 people dead. The United Nations urged talks and peace-broker Norway made a fresh bid to pull Sri Lanka back from the brink of war.
    (AP, 1/17/06)

2006        Jan 19, Suspected Tamil Tiger rebels exploded anti-personnel mines twice in eastern Sri Lanka, killing four people and injuring 25 others.
    (AP, 1/19/06)

2006        Jan 25, Sri Lanka's president and the leader of Tamil Tiger rebels agreed on to resume peace talks.
    (AP, 1/25/06)

2006        Jan 26, In Sri Lanka a rocket propelled grenade shot at rebel vehicles in the east of the island killed a rebel commander. Rebel Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) said government forces fired the grenade a day after a deal to end a three-year deadlock in talks.
    (AFP, 1/27/06)

2006        Feb 7, Chandrika Kumaratunga, Sri Lanka's former president (1994-2005), returned her expensive retirement gift, a 1.5 acre (0.68 hectare) area of land near the national parliament to the state, after legal action was filed against her.
    (AFP, 2/8/06)

2006        Feb 11, In Sri Lanka a suspected separatist rebel boat carrying explosives blew up, apparently killing at least four men on board.
    (AP, 2/12/06)

2006        Mar 4, Sri Lanka said it will put the clock back by half an hour and revert to its original time after a 10-year experiment that largely failed to save energy. "The change will take place from the Tamil and Sinhala New Year on April 13."
    (AFP, 3/4/06)
2006        Mar 4, An armed group attacked a Tamil Tiger rebel checkpoint in eastern Sri Lanka, killing two guerrillas in what the rebels called a "serious" violation of the country's cease-fire.
    (AP, 3/4/06)

2006        Mar 16, In Sri Lanka thousands of civil servants demanding higher salaries marched in Colombo, part of a daylong nationwide strike that paralyzed the government.
    (AP, 3/16/06)

2006        Mar 25, Suspected Tamil Tigers blew up their fishing boat to avoid capture by a navy patrol off the west coast of Sri Lanka, leaving six rebels dead and eight sailors missing.
    (AP, 3/26/06)

2006        Mar 31, In Sri Lanka the ruling coalition won an overwhelming victory in local elections, according to results released by the government, a result seen as an endorsement of the president's negotiations with Tamil Tiger rebels.
    (AP, 3/31/06)

2006        Apr 11, In northeast Sri Lanka a mine  exploded and killed 10 sailors in a military bus.
    (SFC, 4/12/06, p.A3)

2006        Apr 12, In northeastern Sri Lanka 2 explosions in a market killed 17 people in the town of Trincomalee and cast a cloud over upcoming peace talks.
    (AP, 4/13/06)(AFP, 4/29/06)

2006        Apr 15, Suspected rebels detonated 2 mines in Sri Lanka, killing 7 security personnel as both the government and the rebels cast fresh doubts over plans to resume truce talks.
    (AP, 4/15/06)

2006        Apr 17, In northern Sri Lanka land mines blasts in killed 4 soldiers and 2 Tamil Tiger rebels, raising the death toll from a week of bloody unrest to at least 50.
    (AP, 4/17/06)

2006        Apr 20, Tamil Tiger rebels announced they were indefinitely postponing talks aimed at saving a truce with the Sri Lankan government as 4 more people were killed in fresh violence.
    (AFP, 4/20/06)

2006        Apr 24, Sri Lanka's military accused ethnic Tamil minority rebels of killing six Sinhalese rice farmers working in their fields to provoke ethnic rioting.
    (AP, 4/24/06)

2006        Apr 25, A pregnant suicide bomber blew herself up in front of a car carrying Sri Lanka's highest-ranking general, killing 8 people and badly injuring the top officer.
    (AP, 4/28/06)

2006        Apr 26, In Sri Lanka escalating violence between government forces and Tamil rebels left at least 15 civilians dead and 15,000 Tamil villagers fleeing for their lives.
    (AFP, 4/26/06)

2006        Apr 27, In Sri Lanka rebels said some 40,000 civilians fled homes in northeastern Sri Lanka to escape government airstrikes on Tamil rebel areas in recent days that have killed at least a dozen people. In northern Sri Lanka mine attacks killed five military personnel and wounded another five. Police found five headless corpses near Colombo.
    (AP, 4/27/06)

2006        Apr 30, In eastern Sri Lanka at least 18 rebels were killed and many wounded when Tamil Tiger guerrillas launched a major attack against a breakaway faction.
    (AP, 4/30/06)

2006        May 2, Sri Lanka’s President Mahinda Rajapakse called for immediate peace talks with Tamil Tiger rebels, saying his tiny tropical island had seen enough violence. Gunmen stormed the offices of the Uthayan newspaper in Jaffna, 400 kilometers north of the capital Colombo, killing a manager and another employee. The next day the government said the murders were timed to embarrass it as Sri Lanka hosted UNESCO World Press Freedom Day celebrations, while the rebel Tamil Tigers blamed government forces for the attack.
    (AP, 5/2/06)(AFP, 5/3/06)

2006        May 5, Sri Lanka's navy and air force hit Tamil Tiger targets on land and sea in the island's northwest, while a policeman died in a fragmentation mine attack, further straining a battered 2002 ceasefire.
    (Reuters, 5/5/06)

2006        May 7, In Sri Lanka a senior Japanese envoy began talks with government officials to try to save the peace process. Tamil rebels said troops abducted 8 men in the island's north.
    (AP, 5/7/06)

2006        May 11, Tamil Tiger rebels sank two Sri Lankan navy gunboats in sea battles and attacked a ferry transporting 700 soldiers. The military hit back with air strikes. At least 50 rebels were killed and 17 Sri Lankan sailors were missing.
    (AFP, 5/11/06)(WSJ, 5/12/06, p.A1)

2006        May 13, Tamil rebels threatened to resume war if they are denied access to the sea and claimed government naval forces killed eight Tamil civilians in an attack in northern Sri Lanka.
    (AP, 5/14/06)

2006        May 17, In Sri Lanka a rebel sniper shot dead a soldier at a de facto front line while two civilians were killed elsewhere.
    (AFP, 5/18/06)

2006        May 18, Sri Lanka asked donor nations to nudge Tamil Tigers to the table. EU officials agreed in principle to blacklist Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels as a "terrorist" group, in a move the rebels said would only lead to war in the country.
    (AFP, 5/18/06)(AFP, 5/19/06)

2006        May 21, In Sri Lanka 2 soldiers were killed and two others wounded in two separate Claymore mine attacks in the northeastern Trincomalee district and the northern district of Vavuniya. Figures maintained by the Scandinavian truce monitoring mission showed that 510 people were killed in Sri Lanka's embattled regions since December.
    (AFP, 5/21/06)

2006        May 24, In Sri Lanka 3 security personnel died in a mine blast as a Norwegian peace envoy arrived to salvage a collapsing ceasefire.
    (AFP, 5/24/06)

2006        May 28, Sri Lankan police detained the drivers of 18 vehicles trying to smuggle explosives across a de facto frontier post into the government-controlled part of the Jaffna peninsula.
    (AFP, 5/28/06)

2006        May 29, Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels agreed to more talks to shore up the implementation of a collapsing ceasefire as the EU moved to ban them as a terrorist group.
    (AFP, 5/29/06)

2006        Jun 1, The US pledged "tangible military cooperation" with embattled Sri Lanka, but warned the government here against a return to war with Tamil Tiger rebels.
    (AFP, 6/1/06)

2006        Jun 6, Suspected Tamil rebels exploded bombs outside a naval base near Sri Lanka's capital, wounding two people while three others were killed in a similar attack elsewhere.
    (AFP, 6/6/06)

2006        Jun 7, A mine explosion in northeast Sri Lankan killed 8 civilians and wounded 14. Tamil Tiger rebels said the attack was carried out by government troops who had infiltrated an area held by the guerrillas.
    (AFP, 6/7/06)

2006        Jun 10, At least five people were shot dead in Sri Lanka's restive northeast port district of Trincomalee and the main city of Colombo.
    (AFP, 6/11/06)

2006        Jun 13, In southern Sri Lanka at least 42 passengers were injured when two trains collided.
    (AP, 6/13/06)

2006        Jun 15, In northern Sri Lanka a powerful land mine ripped through a packed bus, killing at least 64 people, including 15 school children in the worst act of violence since a 2002 cease-fire. Sri Lanka's air force responded by bombing rebel-held areas in the northeast.
    (AP, 6/15/06)(SFC, 6/15/06, p.A3)

2006        Jun 16, Sri Lanka's air force pounded Tamil Tiger rebel positions for a second day in retaliation for a bus bombing that killed 64 people.
    (AP, 6/16/06)

2006        Jun 17, Tamil Tiger rebels stormed a village in boats, firing grenade launchers at a police station near a navy base at the islet of Mannar. Military helicopters fired on the boats. Tiger rebels said they had killed 12 soldiers; the navy said three sailors were killed and eight were missing. The military said up to 30 rebels were killed in the fighting, but rebels acknowledged only two wounded. At least 52 people were killed as heavy sea and land battles erupted while Tamil Tiger rebels warned that the island would plunge in a "fatal war" if the military kept up air strikes. Sri Lankan troops stormed a church in Pesalai, a village north of Mannar, where some 200 Tamil civilians were seeking shelter, shooting and throwing grenades. The assault killed 5 people and injured 47.
    (AFP, 6/17/06)(AP, 6/18/06)(SSFC, 6/18/06, p.A23)

2006        Jun 18, In northern Sri Lanka a mine blast blamed on Tamil Tigers rebels killed 3 police.
    (AP, 6/18/06)

2006        Jun 19, Sri Lanka invited Tamil Tiger rebels to negotiate peace and save their collapsing ceasefire as 2 more soldiers were killed in a weekend of violence that left over 50 people dead.
    (AP, 6/19/06)

2006        Jun 24, Sri Lanka's Tamil Tigers extended a deadline for EU truce monitors to withdraw from the island, while the army accused the rebels of shooting dead 2 soldiers in the northwest.
    (Reuters, 6/24/06)

2006        Jun 26, In Sri Lanka a suicide bomber on a motorcycle blew himself up next to a car carrying Maj. Gen. Parami Kulatunga, the country's third-highest-ranking military officer, killing the officer and three others.
    (AP, 6/26/06)(AP, 1/8/08)

2006        Jun 27, Renegade Tamil militants killed at least four members of the Tamil Tiger rebel group in eastern Sri Lanka.
    (AP, 6/27/06)

2006        Jul 2, Sri Lanka’s Tamil Tigers, claiming they have just trained 6,000 civilians in armed combat,  accused the UN of exaggerating the number of child fighters in the rebels' ranks. Police said Sampath Lakmal, a freelance Sri Lankan journalist, has been gunned down near the capital Colombo.
    (AFP, 7/2/06)(AP, 7/2/06)

2006        Jul 3, At least seven people were killed and dozens wounded in three Claymore mine attacks carried out by Tamil Tiger rebels in Sri Lanka's northern and eastern regions.
    (AFP, 7/3/06)

2006        Jul 11, Four Tamil Tiger rebels were killed when Sri Lanka's navy retaliated against an attacking rebel boat in the sea off Northern Jaffna peninsula.
    (AP, 7/11/06)

2006        Jul 14, Sri Lankan government troops clashed with Tamil Tiger rebels in the worst fighting since a cease-fire halted the civil war in 2002, leaving as many as 16 dead. The military said 13 soldiers were missing.
    (AP, 7/14/06)

2006        Jul 18, In northern Sri Lanka a roadside bomb killed one person and wounded six others, including four government soldiers.
    (AP, 7/18/06)

2006        Jul 19, Sweden launched a fresh effort to salvage Sri Lanka's troubled truce as ceasefire monitors reported at least 900 people killed in a surge of ethnic violence since December.
    (AP, 7/19/06)

2006        Jul 25, Sri Lanka, which at 80,000 has the largest contingent of expatriate workers in Lebanon, wants those trapped in the conflict to stay put and those who have fled the bombings to return, a minister said.
    (AFP, 7/25/06)

2006        Jul 26, Sri Lanka's military carried out air attacks against suspected Tamil Tiger positions in northeast Sri Lanka after the rebels allegedly blocked an irrigation canal.
    (AP, 7/26/06)

2006        Jul 29, Sri Lanka's air force bombed Tamil Tiger rebel positions for a fourth day, killing at least 8 rebels and wounding 14.
    (AP, 7/29/06)

2006        Jul 31, In northeastern Sri Lanka heavy fighting over control of a water supply killed 35 Tamil rebels and seven soldiers. A rebel leader declared the island nation's four-year-old cease-fire over.
    (AP, 7/31/06)

2006        Aug 1, A pro-rebel Web site reported said Tamil Tiger rebels destroyed a Sri Lanka navy boat in a battle near an eastern port killing 8 sailors. Navy spokesman Commander D.K.P Dassanayake denied the report and said sailors destroyed three rebel attack boats.
    (AP, 8/1/06)

2006        Aug 2, Tamil rebels said they had overrun four Sri Lankan army camps around the northeastern port of Trincomalee. The Defense Ministry acknowledged that five soldiers were killed in the attacks and claimed its forces killed 40 insurgents and wounded 70 others.
    (AP, 8/2/06)

2006        Aug 3, In Sri Lanka artillery fire hit 4 schools being used as shelters from fighting raging between government troops and Tamil Tiger rebels, killing at least 17 people in the northeastern town of Muttur.
    (AP, 8/3/06)(SFC, 8/4/06, p.A10)

2006        Aug 4, Sri Lankan troops thwarted a Tamil Tiger rebel attack in northeastern Muttur, killing 35 insurgents. The Red Cross said 6,000 to 7,000 families were still trying to flee Muttur.
    (AP, 8/5/06)(AP, 8/7/06)

2006        Aug 5, Sri Lankan soldiers retook control of Muttur after six days of fighting Tamil rebels there, and the military urged thousands of displaced civilians to return.
    (AP, 8/5/06)

2006        Aug 6, Sri Lanka rejected peace broker Norway's deal with Tamil Tiger rebels to lift a water blockade at the root of the latest bloodshed that has claimed at least 425 lives.
    (AFP, 8/6/06)

2006        Aug 7, In Sri Lanka 17 civilians working for a French aid agency were found slain execution style in Muttur after fierce battles between rebels and the government over water supplies. All but one were Tamils. In 2008 a local rights group accused Colombo of a major cover-up of the August 2006 killing of Action Against Hunger (ACF) workers and for the first time named a list of suspects.
    (AP, 8/7/06)(AP, 8/29/06)(AFP, 4/3/08)

2006        Aug 8, In Sri Lanka Tamil rebels released water from a disputed reservoir, ending a 19-day blockade that sparked some of the worst fighting between government troops and guerrillas in four years. In Colombo a car bomb killed two people, including a 3-year-old girl.
    (AP, 8/8/06)

2006        Aug 10, The Sri Lankan military attacked Tamil Tiger rebels from land and air, and the rebels retaliated in heavy fighting that killed at least 13 combatants. A Nordic cease-fire monitor warned that the situation was worsening.
    (AP, 8/10/06)

2006        Aug 11, The Sri Lankan air force bombed Tamil Tiger-held areas in the east. Tamil Tigers warned of a humanitarian crisis after 42,000 people were displaced by a surge in violence that has left Sri Lanka's truce in tatters, as fighting erupted on two new fronts.
    (AP, 8/11/06)(AFP, 8/11/06)

2006        Aug 12, Sri Lankan rebels attacked a key naval base as they mounted a fierce push to retake a northeastern peninsula considered the traditional home of the country's ethnic Tamils. Sri Lankan war planes bombed Tiger rebel positions as the fiercest fighting since a 2002 ceasefire left at least 127 people dead. A Sri Lanka government spokesman said the Tamil Tiger rebels offered to renew peace talks. Weeks of intense fighting brought Sri Lanka close to resuming its civil war. Ketheesh Loganathan, a Tamil senior peace official, was assassinated. He was deputy chief of the secretariat which coordinated the government's side of a Norway-brokered peace process.
    (AP, 8/12/06)(AFP, 8/12/06)(AP, 8/13/06)

2006        Aug 13, Sri Lankan troops and Tamil Tiger rebels fought ground battles and artillery duels as the weekend death toll rose to 186. The rebels denied they were ready to talk peace. At least 15 people died in fighting around the St. Philip Neri Church in Allaiiddy, a predominantly Tamil village located on an island just west of the Jaffna Peninsula. The island, like the peninsula, is held by the government.
    (AFP, 8/13/06)(AP, 8/14/06)

2006        Aug 14, Fighting in Sri Lanka's north and east, and a bombing in the capital, left at least 50 people dead, including 43 schoolgirls killed in what the Tamil Tigers charged was a government air raid on a children's home in rebel territory. Hours later in Colombo, an auto rickshaw packed with explosives blew up as a car carrying Pakistan's high commissioner, Basir Ali Mohmand, passed along a crowded road. At least seven people were killed, including four army commandos guarding the envoy.
    (AP, 8/14/06)

2006        Aug 16, Sri Lankan war planes bombed Tamil Tiger positions as troops hunted rebel infiltrators in northern Jaffna peninsula after resisting a guerrilla advance.
    (AFP, 8/16/06)

2006        Aug 17, Sri Lankan troops beat back a fresh attempt by Tamil Tigers to overrun the main defenses of the northern peninsula of Jaffna and killed at least 98 guerrillas. At least six soldiers were killed and 60 wounded in the intense battle.
    (AFP, 8/17/06)

2006        Aug 18, The UN said more than 41,000 people on Sri Lanka’s Jaffna peninsula, about 10 percent of its population, were believed to have fled their homes and warned that supplies in the area had reached "alarmingly low levels".
    (AFP, 8/19/06)

2006        Aug 25, The UN food agency said fighting between Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels and security forces has forced at least 204,000 people from their homes in the eastern and northern parts of the country. A food relief ship began unloading in northern Sri Lanka to lift a two-week siege of the Jaffna peninsula as fresh clashes left five rebels dead.
    (AP, 8/25/06)(AFP, 8/25/06)

2006        Aug 26, In Sri Lanka police found a large weapons cache hidden in a house on the outskirts of Colombo, and arrested 17 people suspected of planning a major attack. Sporadic fighting left 12 rebels killed and 20 injured during a battle in the northeastern Batticaloa district.  A bomb killed six Sri Lankan soldiers and wounded 11 as they cleared up after fierce fighting with Tamil Tiger rebels in the besieged northern Jaffna peninsula.
    (AP, 8/26/06)(AFP, 8/27/06)

2006        Aug 28, In Sri Lanka at least 31 people were killed and another 105 wounded as security forces moved to push back rebel artillery threatening a strategic port.
    (AP, 8/28/06)

2006        Aug 31, Indian officials said more than 11,000 Tamil refugees have fled to India since January to escape renewed fighting between the Sri Lankan army and separatist rebels and more are likely to come.
    (AFP, 8/31/06)

2006        Aug, In Sri Lanka Tamil rebels abducted 56 boys and girls during a 4-day period this month in Batticaloa district. UNICEF figures showed that 5,666 children had been abducted between a cease fire in 2002 and July 2006. The organization speculated that only about a third of such cases were reported to them.
    (SSFC, 9/17/06, p.A17,18)

2006        Sep 1, Sri Lanka's navy said it sank 12 Tamil rebel boats overnight, including five suicide craft, and killed as many as 100 rebel fighters during a fierce six-hour sea battle off the country's northern coast.
    (AP, 9/2/06)

2006        Sep 4, Sri Lanka President Mahinda Rajapakse said security forces had captured Sampur, a key town used by Tamil Tigers to target artillery at a major naval port. Rajapakse urged the rebels to return to peace talks.
    (AFP, 9/4/06)

2006        Sep 9, In northern Sri Lanka at least 26 troops were killed and over 125 wounded in new fighting as Tamil rebels resisted an army advance into guerrilla-held territory.
    (AFP, 9/9/06)

2006        Sep 10, Officials said Sri Lanka's military had lost 28 soldiers in 3 days of stiff artillery and mortar attacks as it advanced slowly toward northern Tamil Tiger rebel strongholds. The rebels accused Colombo of ignoring moves by Norway to end the latest bloodshed.
    (AFP, 9/10/06)

2006        Sep 11, Sri Lankan troops and Tamil Tiger rebels exchanged mortar and artillery fire across their northern front lines. The military said the death toll from five days of heavy fighting rose to 148.
    (AP, 9/11/06)

2006        Sep 17, Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels accused government soldiers in concert with paramilitary units of killing nearly 100 civilians in the island's embattled Jaffna peninsula this month. Sri Lanka's navy gunboats and war planes bombed a suspected Tamil Tiger arms ship.
    (AFP, 9/17/06)

2006        Sep 18, In eastern Sri Lanka the bodies of 11 Muslim men were found hacked to death. Tamil Tiger rebels and government forces blamed each other for the massacre.
    (AFP, 9/18/06)

2006        Sep 25, The Sri Lankan navy said it had sunk 11 Tamil Tiger rebel ships loaded with troops and weapons during a five-hour sea battle, killing around 70 separatists.
    (AP, 9/25/06)

2006        Sep 27, The Sri Lanka government revealed that Tamil Tigers have agreed to resume face-to-face negotiations and end a seven-month deadlock in talks.
    (AFP, 9/27/06)

2006        Sep 28, European cease-fire monitors said at least 200 civilians have been killed in two months of fighting between Sri Lankan soldiers and separatist Tamil rebels, and both sides are to blame.
    (AP, 9/28/06)

2006        Sep 29, In Sri Lanka war planes bombed rebels and 8 people were killed in new violence. The UN warned that fighting between troops and Tamil guerrillas had badly hit tsunami reconstruction.
    (AFP, 9/29/06)

2006        Oct 3, Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels agreed to unconditional talks with the government but warned they will pull out of a 2002 cease-fire if the government persists with its military campaign.
    (AP, 10/3/06)

2006        Oct 4, Sri Lanka's air force bombed separatist rebel positions in the embattled north, a day after the insurgents agreed to peace talks with the government.
    (AP, 10/4/06)

2006        Oct 5, In Sri Lanka relatives and aid workers said the K-faction, a feared militia on Sri Lanka's volatile eastern coast, has abducted hundreds of men and boys, some as young as 12, to fight in the country's civil war, with the government's consent. The Karuna faction split from the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam in 2004.
    (AP, 10/5/06)

2006        Oct 6, In Sri Lanka heavy sea and land battles erupted with the military reporting the recovery of 22 bodies of Tamil rebels after a Norwegian envoy failed to secure a deal to re-launch peace talks. 49 Tamil Tiger rebels were killed in a raid by theK-faction of rebels in eastern Sri Lanka. 5 of the splinter group died in the fighting.
    (AFP, 10/6/06)(AP, 10/7/06)

2006        Oct 11, In Sri Lanka 72 army troops, including eight officers, were killed and 515 wounded in fighting in the northern peninsula of Jaffna. The army claimed 200 rebels were killed, a figure dismissed by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). The Tigers said only 10 of its fighters were killed. The government toll reached 129 in the country’s worst battle since 2002.
    (AP, 10/12/06)(WSJ, 10/13/06, p.A1)

2006        Oct 15, Sri Lanka's navy sank a rebel boat loaded with arms along the west coast, killing at least five Tamil Tiger separatists.
    (AP, 10/15/06)

2006        Oct 16, In Sri Lanka Tamil rebels rammed a truck packed with explosives into a convoy of military buses, killing at least 103 people and wounding 150 more in one of the deadliest insurgent attacks since the 2002 cease-fire.
    (AFP, 10/16/06)

2006        Oct 17, Sri Lankan fighter jets pounded two suspected Tamil Tiger bases and a camp.
    (AP, 10/17/06)

2006        Oct 18, Suspected Tamil Tiger rebels posing as fishermen blew up two boats in a suicide ambush on a Sri Lankan naval base in Galle, killing 2 sailors. The rebels last hit the Galle port area in December 1997, when they detonated a truck bomb that was targeting the navy commander at the time.
    (AP, 10/18/06)(AFP, 10/19/06)

2006        Oct 19, Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels agreed to attend peace talks with the government this month in a breakthrough announcement after a week of bloody attacks left over 250 dead. In northern Sri Lanka 3 government soldiers were killed in attacks blamed on the Tiger rebels.
    (AP, 10/19/06)(AP, 10/19/06)

2006        Oct 21, Sri Lanka's government said it will provide safe passage for rebels traveling to Geneva for peace talks, as the navy destroyed two insurgent boats approaching a naval base. The Tamil Tigers threatened to extend their battle against government troops across the island if Colombo "wants a war", as the navy said they killed 20 rebels in sea clashes.
    (AP, 10/21/06)(AFP, 10/21/06)

2006        Oct 26, Sri Lanka's warring parties arrived in Geneva for their first face-to-face meeting in eight months as the EU racked up international pressure for a halt to ethnic bloodshed.
    (AP, 10/26/06)

2006        Oct 28, In Sri Lanka suspected Tamil Tiger rebels fatally shot a government soldier and wounded six police officers in two bomb attacks as peace talks began in Switzerland.
    (AP, 10/29/06)

2006        Oct 29, Sri Lanka's peace talks collapsed after a failure by the warring parties to agree on a new meeting and fruitless wrangling over "humanitarian issues" during two days of negotiations in Geneva.
    (AFP, 10/29/06)

2006        Nov 2, Sri Lankan war planes pounded suspected Tamil Tiger targets for a third straight day after the defense ministry said the guerrillas were preparing for a major offensive. A military bomb attack inside the rebel political capital of Kilinochchi hit a house, killing five people.
    (AFP, 11/3/06)

2006        Nov 8, In Sri Lanka an artillery blitz on a rebel-held area killed about 65 civilians. Next day the government expressed regret, but blamed the Tamil Tigers for using human shields.
    (AFP, 11/9/06)

2006        Nov 9, In Sri Lanka at least 9 vessels were destroyed in a naval clash between Tamil rebels and Sri Lanka's navy off the northern coast. Rebels claimed they killed 26 sailors and captured four others.
    (AP, 11/9/06)

2006        Nov 10, In Sri Lanka Nadaraja Raviraj, a prominent Tamil legislator, was assassinated in Colombo. The government navy said it killed six rebels in an attack on Tamil Tiger boats.
    (AP, 11/10/06)

2006        Nov 13, In eastern Sri Lanka 4 Tamil Tiger rebels were killed in a firefight.
    (AFP, 11/14/06)

2006        Nov 14, In Sri Lanka 3 soldiers were killed when Tamil Tiger rebels detonated a bomb in the northern district of Vavuniya. Another soldier was killed in a similar blast in the Jaffna peninsula.
    (AFP, 11/14/06)

2006        Nov 16, Sri Lanka's President Mahinda Rajapakse appealed to Tiger rebels to resume talks to end bloodshed on the island as a British envoy met with the guerrillas to try to jumpstart stalled peace efforts.
    (AFP, 11/16/06)

2006        Nov 18, In Sri Lanka a sea battle, a bomb blast and gunfire killed at least 23 people, a day after the rebels denounced a government call to disarm as a joke.
    (AP, 11/18/06)

2006        Nov 23, The Sri Lankan military killed at least 19 insurgents in a fierce battle with Tamil Tiger rebels in the restive east. The separatist Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, however, said only one of their fighters died, and claimed to have killed seven government commandoes.
    (AP, 11/24/06)

2006        Nov 25, Sri Lankan warplanes attacked a camp housing Tamil Tiger rebel suicide bombers in the country's north.
    (AP, 11/25/06)

2006        Nov 30, Cambodia's PM Hun Sen condemned attempts by Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels to push for a separate state, after talks in Phnom Penh with the island's premier.
    (AFP, 11/30/06)

2006        Dec 1, A suicide bomber targeted a convoy carrying Sri Lanka's defense secretary in Colombo, killing himself and two soldiers. The defense secretary, who is also the president's brother, was unharmed.
    (AP, 12/1/06)

2006        Dec 9, Tiger rebels said artillery duels in northeast Sri Lanka had killed at least 45 people, including 15 civilians and 30 government soldiers, after a Norwegian peace bid failed.
    (AFP, 12/9/06)

2006        Dec 10, In Sri Lanka some 3,000 civilians fled the northeast as heavy artillery duels over the last 2 days killed more than 110 people, including 41 civilians. 24 soldiers were killed and 69 wounded in artillery and mortar battle with the insurgents in the eastern Batticaloa district. 40 rebels were also killed.
    (AFP, 12/10/06)(AP, 12/11/06)

2006        Dec 13, Security forces shot dead at least six Tamil Tiger rebels during a confrontation in Sri Lanka's restive eastern province.
    (AFP, 12/14/06)

2006        Dec 14, Anton Balasingham (68), the top peace negotiator for Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels, died at his home in London after a battle with cancer.
    (AFP, 12/14/06)

2006        Dec 24, Germany said it will not offer the Sri Lankan government new aid until the peace process in the country advances and called on other nations to increase the pressure on Colombo.
    (AFP, 12/24/06)

2006        Some 500,000 arrivals to Sri Lanka yielded $410 million, making tourism the country’s 3rd biggest dollar earner.
    (Econ, 5/1/07, p.55)

2006        The conflict in Sri Lanka this year left over 3,500 dead and displaced over 250,000 people, mostly Tamils. Some 15,000 fled to India.
    (Econ, 12/16/06, p.40)

2007        Jan 2, Tamilnet.com said at least 15 civilians were killed and dozens more wounded when Sri Lankan air force jets "carpet bombed" territory held by the Tamil Tigers.
    (AFP, 1/2/07)

2007        Jan 5, In Sri Lanka an explosion inside a passenger bus killed 6 people in Nittambuwa. Officials blamed the Tamil Tiger rebels, but the group denied any involvement.
    (AP, 1/6/07)

2007        Jan 6, In Meetiyagoda, Sri Lanka, an explosion inside a passenger bus killed 15 people. Officials blamed the Tamil Tiger rebels, but the group denied any involvement.
    (AP, 1/6/07)

2007        Jan 12, In the tea growing region of central Sri Lanka at least 18 people were killed in landslides. The National Disaster Management Center said at least three people were killed and another 61,000 made homeless in south and central Sri Lanka in flash floods caused by heavy monsoon rains.
    (AP, 1/12/07)(AP, 1/14/07)

2007        Jan 16, In Sri Lanka fierce clashes for control of a stretch of rebel-held-land in eastern Batticaloa district left at least 16 dead. The military said it lost four soldiers and that 29 more were wounded during the battle. A pro-rebel Web site said only 12 guerrillas died. TamilNet said 40 Sri Lankan soldiers were killed.
    (AP, 1/17/07)

2007        Jan 19, Sri Lankan troops captured the main rebel bastion in the island's east. After weeks of fighting, at least 45 security forces and 331 Tiger rebels were killed in the battle for Vakarai.
    (AP, 1/19/07)

2007        Jan 21, In Sri Lanka's northern waters Tiger rebels rammed an explosives-laden boat against a private merchant vessel operated by foreign crew, sparking a land, sea and air battle.
    (AFP, 1/21/07)

2007        Jan 23, In northern Sri Lanka 2 roadside bombs exploded in Jaffna town, killing a government soldier and three civilians.
    (AP, 1/23/07)

2007        Jan 31, In eastern Sri Lanka suspected separatist Tamil rebels detonated a roadside bomb, killing six policemen and one civilian.
    (AP, 1/31/07)

2007        Feb 7, In Sri Lanka Selliah Parameswar, a Hindu priest who welcomed President Mahinda Rajapakse to a former guerrilla bastion, was dragged out of his house in Batticaloa district and killed by a group of unidentified gunmen. The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) blamed a breakaway group allegedly linked to government forces.
    (AFP, 2/8/07)

2007        Feb 12, Sri Lanka's navy said it destroyed a boat of the separatist Tamil Tiger movement and killed at least eight rebels off the country's east coast.
    (AP, 2/12/07)

2007        Feb 16, Sri Lanka's navy said it destroyed two Tamil Tiger rebel boats as the craft were hauling hundreds of thousands of steel balls often used in bombs. Four rebel fighters were believed killed. Tamil Tiger rebels accused Sri Lankan security forces of killing 39 civilians and blamed them for the disappearance of 39 others in the last two weeks.
    (AFP, 2/16/07)(AP, 2/16/07)

2007        Feb 19, A Saudi court ordered the bodies of four Sri Lankans to be displayed in a public square after being beheaded for armed robbery.
    (AP, 2/21/07)

2007        Feb 20, Sri Lankan military aircraft bombed rebel-held territory, killing at least two villagers, as the military reported four more deaths.
    (AFP, 2/20/07)

2007        Feb 23, European cease-fire monitors said that nearly 4,000 people were killed in Sri Lanka in the past 15 months and they emphasized the importance that the government and the rebels adhere to the cease-fire.
    (AP, 2/23/07)

2007        Feb 27, In Sri Lanka the US and Italian ambassadors were wounded when their helicopters came under fire from ethnic Tamil rebels who said they mistook them for a military target.
    (AP, 2/27/07)

2007        Feb 28, Sri Lanka escalated sea and land attacks against Tamil Tigers and killed at least 18 people.
    (AP, 2/28/07)

2007        Mar 9, The Sri Lanka Defense Ministry said ground troops, backed by artillery, had captured three Tamil Tiger bases in the northeast in a major military operation. Anti-insurgency commandos overran a rebel base in eastern Sri Lanka, killing at least 20 guerrillas. Suspected Tamil Tiger rebels shot dead four security personnel and four park officials inside a wildlife sanctuary as fighting escalated elsewhere on the island.
    (AP, 3/9/07)(AFP, 3/10/07)

2007        Mar 10, The number of refugees in eastern Sri Lanka climbed past 100,000 after heavy fighting in rebel-held parts of the island forced thousands of civilians to flee their homes in recent days.
    (AP, 3/11/07)

2007        Mar 11, Sri Lanka's president chided his top police officers over a new wave of "execution-style" killings and demanded immediate action to end a climate of terror.
    (AFP, 3/11/07)

2007        Mar 12, The Sri Lanka air force bombed a strategic Tamil Tiger jungle base in Thoppigala, killing at least eight rebels, including two senior guerrillas.
    (AP, 3/13/07)

2007        Mar 23, Sri Lankan troops advanced into territory held by Tamil Tiger rebels, shifting the battle lines to the island's north where the latest death toll on both sides hit 37.
    (AP, 3/23/07)

2007        Mar 24, Sri Lankan troops and Tamil Tiger rebels were locked in intense battles in the island's northeast, for a second straight day, as both sides reported heavy casualties.
    (AP, 3/24/07)

2007        Mar 25, In northern Sri Lanka thousands of Tamil civilians were on the run as troops and Tiger rebels traded artillery fire across a de facto border, with both sides claiming heavy casualties.
    (AP, 3/25/07)

2007        Mar 26, Tamil rebels launched their first airstrike in the nearly quarter-decade conflict with Sri Lanka's government, using at least one small plane to bomb an air base outside the capital and killing three airmen.
    (AP, 3/26/07)

2007        Mar 27, A Tamil Tiger rebel drove an explosive-laden tractor to a military camp in eastern Sri Lanka, drawing fire from guards and triggering a blast at the entrance. At least seven people, including the bomber, were killed.
    (AP, 3/27/07)

2007        Apr 1, In Sri Lanka 12 Tamil Tigers were killed in clashes in the northwestern district of Mannar.
    (AFP, 4/3/07)

2007        Apr 2, In eastern Sri Lanka at least 16 people, including three children, were killed and 25 wounded when a bomb ripped through a crowded bus. Sri Lankan security forces killed at least 23 Tamil Tiger rebels in fresh fighting in the island's east.
    (AP, 4/2/07)(AFP, 4/3/07)

2007        Apr 4, Sri Lanka’s defense ministry said its warplanes "bombed and completely destroyed" a key Tamil Tiger naval base.
    (AP, 4/4/07)

2007        Apr 7, A roadside bomb tore through a civilian bus in northern Sri Lanka, killing seven people and wounding 26. The army blamed Tamil Tiger rebels for the attack.
    (AP, 4/7/07)

2007        Apr 10, Clashes between Sri Lankan soldiers and Tamil rebels in the island's north killed about 30 people. In southern Sri Lanka a passenger bus collided with a beer delivery truck and burst into flames, killing at least 23 people and injuring 56.
    (AP, 4/10/07)(AP, 4/12/07)

2007        Apr 14, Suspected Tamil Tiger rebels shot dead five people in eastern Sri Lanka, as the country marked the traditional New Year and the president appealed for national unity.
    (AP, 4/14/07)

2007        Apr 17, Sri Lankan authorities have issued a death threat against Champika Liyanaarachchi, a newspaper editor for reporting on military excesses and human rights abuses.
    (AFP, 4/18/07)

2007        Apr 20, In Sri Lanka’s northern district of Vavuniya troops on foot patrol fired at suspected Tamil Tigers killing four rebels. A landmine explosion in the northeastern district of Polonnaruwa killed two soldiers and wounded two others.
    (AP, 4/21/07)

2007        Apr 21, In Sri Lanka suspected Tamil Tiger rebels set off a landmine targeting troops on patrol in Batticaloa. A civilian was killed and three others injured.
    (AP, 4/21/07)

2007        Apr 23, A bomb ripped through a long-distance bus in northern Sri Lanka, killing at least three passengers and wounding 35 in the third bombing of a civilian bus this month.
    (AP, 4/23/07)

2007        Apr 24, Tamil rebel planes bombed government positions in northern Sri Lanka in their second-ever airstrike. The military said six soldiers were killed but that the aircraft were turned back before reaching a key base.
    (AP, 4/24/07)

2007        Apr 29, Tamil Tiger rebels bombed a fuel refinery and gasoline storage facility near the Sri Lankan capital, and authorities cut power to the city. Hours later, the military pounded rebel positions in the north.
    (AP, 4/29/07)

2007        May 1, Australian police arrested two men accused of raising money for Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels on the pretext of collecting donations for victims of the devastating 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami.
    (AP, 5/1/07)

2007        May 5, Sri Lankan naval craft sank two suspected Tamil Tiger boats off the island's northeastern coast, inflicting heavy losses on the guerrillas.
    (AP, 5/5/07)

2007        May 6, In eastern Sri Lanka a landmine detonated by Tamil Tigers killed three police commandos, while seven suspected rebels died elsewhere in the embattled region.
    (AP, 5/6/07)

2007        May 10, Thirunavukarasu Varatharasa (37), a Sri Lankan national, pleaded guilty in a Maryland court to charges he tried to smuggle US weapons to Tamil Tiger rebels. He was the last of six defendants in the plot to be convicted of trying to obtain military weapons in the 2006 scheme.
    (AFP, 5/11/07)

2007        May 13, Tamil Tiger rebels attacked a group of Sri Lankan soldiers who had crossed into insurgent territory in the north, sparking a battle that left 7 guerrillas and a soldier dead.
    (AP, 5/14/07)

2007        May 17, In Sri Lanka said security forces had shot dead at least 20 Tamil Tiger rebels in northern Sri Lanka in a fresh outbreak of fighting.
    (AFP, 5/17/07)

2007        May 20, Sri Lanka's government claimed to have killed more than 500 rebels in the past four months and lost 44 of its own soldiers in fierce fighting that has completely shattered the island nation's peace process.
    (AP, 5/20/07)

2007        May 21, In northern Sri Lanka 6 people were killed during deepening fighting between government soldiers and separatist rebels.
    (AP, 5/21/07)

2007        May 24, In northern Sri Lanka a flotilla of rebel boats launched a deadly raid on a navy camp, hours before a bomb exploded near an army bus in the capital killing one soldier and wounding six people. Tigers claimed to have killed 32 sailors. Government troops killed 12 suspected Tamil Tiger rebels in the northern Vavuniya district.
    (AP, 5/24/07)(AFP, 5/25/07)(Econ, 6/9/07, p.24)

2007        May 28, In Sri Lanka a Tiger roadside bomb in Colombo killed 7 soldiers and civilians.
    (Econ, 6/9/07, p.24)

2007        May 29, In Sri Lanka troops and police stepped up security in Colombo after two bomb blasts by suspected Tiger rebels within 24 hours killed 11 people.
    (AP, 5/29/07)

2007        May, Inflation in Sri Lanka stood at 17%.
    (Econ, 5/5/07, p.56)

2007        Jun 2, Two Sri Lankan Red Cross workers, ethnic Tamil men abducted from Colombo two days ago, were found shot to death. The Tigers launched a night attack near Omanthai and claimed to have killed 30 soldiers. The army said it killed 52 Tigers.
    (AP, 6/3/07)(Econ, 6/9/07, p.24)

2007        Jun 6, Sri Lanka's President Mahinda Rajapakse held talks in Colombo with a top Japanese envoy on the future of the island's peace process following bloody recent clashes. A bomb detonated by suspected Tamil rebels derailed a train in eastern Sri Lanka.
    (AP, 6/6/07)

2007        Jun 7, Police in Sri Lanka's capital rounded up hundreds of ethnic Tamils deemed a threat to security and bused them to Tamil regions in the north and east of the country.
    (AP, 6/7/07)

2007        Jun 8, Sri Lanka's highest court ordered police to stop expelling Tamils from the capital.
    (AP, 6/8/07)

2007        Jun 19, Sri Lanka government troops killed up to 44 Tamil rebels in clashes in northern and eastern Sri Lanka while destroying three small camps in the insurgents' last eastern stronghold.
    (AP, 6/20/07)

2007        Jun 30, Gunmen shot dead two civilians in Sri Lanka's northern Jaffna peninsula, as the government and Tamil Tigers blamed each other for the latest in a string of such killings.
    (AFP, 7/1/07)

2007        Jul 6, In Sri Lanka soldiers intercepted a group of Tamil Tigers, killing 15, as they fled the jungle area of Thoppigala in the eastern district of Batticaloa. 4 people were killed elsewhere in the embattled island.
    (AFP, 7/7/07)

2007        Jul 14, Sri Lankan troops used war planes and long-range weapons to attack suspected Tamil Tiger positions as fresh fighting broke out. The clash with Tamil Tiger rebels killed at least 10 Sri Lankan soldiers and left 34 wounded.
    (AP, 7/14/07)

2007        Jul 31, In northern Sri Lanka hundreds of ethnic Sinhalese civilians fled three villages, claiming the government had failed to protect them from attacks by Tamil Tiger rebels.
    (AP, 7/31/07)

2007        Jul, Sri Lanka’s army declared that it had cleared the eastern part of the country from rebels for the first time in 14 years.
    (Econ, 10/6/07, p.44)

2007        Aug 11, In northeast Sri Lanka security forces shot dead five suspected LTTE cadres as they tried to lay landmines. Two gunmen riding on a motorbike shot dead a Muslim man in the eastern district of Ampara.
    (AFP, 8/12/07)

2007        Aug 12, In Sri Lanka suspected Tamil Tiger rebels set off a powerful land mine against a military patrol in the Jaffna peninsula, killing a soldier and wounding at least 16 others. Another civilian was killed and four others were injured when the LTTE fired mortars at a northeastern village in Weli Oya.
    (AP, 8/12/07)

2007        Aug 30, Dozens of Sri Lankan journalists took to the streets to condemn censorship and support a columnist who exposed alleged corruption in the purchase of second-hand supersonic jets.
    (AFP, 8/30/07)

2007        Aug 31, In northwest Sri Lanka government forces and Tamil Tiger rebels traded artillery fire, with each side claiming heavy casualties against the other as well as among civilians.
    (AP, 9/1/07)

2007        Sep 2, Sri Lanka said that troops captured a Tamil Tiger naval base during a weekend advance into rebel-held territory that the guerrillas said killed nine civilians.
    (AFP, 9/2/07)

2007        Sep 8, In Sri Lanka military officials said at least 21 people were killed in fresh violence in the embattled northern and eastern regions over the last 24 hours.
    (AFP, 9/8/07)

2007        Sep 14, A roadside bomb blast and clashes between soldiers and secessionist Tamil Tiger guerrillas across Sri Lanka's volatile north killed 29 people.
    (AP, 9/15/07)

2007        Sep 27, In northern Sri Lanka the military said artillery fire, gunbattles and a bombing had killed 25 rebels, three civilians and a soldier. The civilian casualties occurred when a remote-control bomb went off in a government-controlled town.
    (AP, 9/27/07)

2007        Sep 28, Naval attack craft waged a three-hour sea battle with 20 Tamil Tiger boats off the eastern coast of Sri Lanka, sinking three of the rebels' vessels and killing one of their top naval commanders.
    (AP, 9/28/07)

2007        Oct 7, Sri Lanka's navy sank a ship carrying arms and war equipment for separatist Tamil Tiger rebels, killing at least 12 people on board. Meanwhile, eight rebels and a government soldier were reported killed in other recent clashes.
    (AP, 10/7/07)

2007        Oct 15, In northern Sri Lanka a fierce battle broke out between government troops and Tamil rebels, leaving 30 guerrillas dead. 4 prominent activists resigned from a government advisory panel on human rights, saying that officials were more interested in fighting separatist rebels than protecting human rights.
    (AP, 10/16/07)

2007        Oct 22,     A group of Tamil Tiger fighters, backed by the rebel group's tiny air force, carried out a surprise pre-dawn attack on a Sri Lankan air force base, setting off a huge battle that killed five airmen and 20 guerrillas. 24 of 27 aircraft were destroyed or damaged.
    (AP, 10/22/07)(Econ, 11/10/07, p.54)

2007        Nov 2, A Sri Lankan airstrike pounded a meeting of top rebel leaders, killing S.P. Thamilselvan, the head of the Tamil Tigers' political wing and five others in an attack seen as a major victory for the government in its long fight with the guerrillas.
    (AP, 11/2/07)(Econ, 1/31/09, p.49)

2007        Nov 7, The president of Sri Lanka said there would be peace on the troubled island only after more fighting to crush separatist rebels as he unveiled the nation's biggest-ever war budget.
    (AFP, 11/7/07)

2007        Nov 21, In northern Sri Lanka soldiers killed nine Tamil Tiger rebels in several clashes.
    (AP, 11/21/07)

2007        Nov 26, In Sri Lanka rebels said 11 schoolchildren and two others were killed when Sri Lanka's military activated a roadside bomb near a car traveling near Kilinochchi.
    (AP, 11/27/07)

2007        Nov 27, Sri Lanka’s air force bombed the Tiger’s radio station killing 9 civilian staff.
    (Econ, 12/8/07, p.48)

2007        Nov 28, In Sri Lanka a bomb exploded near the entrance to a popular department store in a busy Colombo suburb, killing 20 people and wounding 43. Earlier in the day, a female suicide bomber sent by the rebels killed one person and wounded two others in an unsuccessful attempt to assassinate a government minister in his office in Colombo.
    (AFP, 11/29/07)(Econ, 12/8/07, p.48)

2007        Nov, In Haiti 108 Sri Lankan soldiers were recalled after investigators found they had paid for sex with Haitians, some of whom were underage.
    (AP, 12/26/07)

2007        Dec 1, In Sri Lanka at least 11 Tamil Tiger rebels were killed and 49 injured in heavy clashes across northern defense lines in Mannar. Elsewhere, 13 rebels were killed overnight in separate fighting near the guerrillas' stronghold in the north of the island.
    (AFP, 12/1/07)

2007        Dec 3, Government troops and Tamil Tiger rebels battled each other with rifles, mortars and artillery across northern Sri Lanka, leaving 42 rebels and six soldiers dead.
    (AP, 12/4/07)

2007        Dec 5, Sri Lanka’s defense ministry said at least 36 people including 7 soldiers were killed in fresh fighting between security forces and Tamil rebels in the embattled north. A land mine explosion blamed on Tamil separatists tore through a passenger bus crowded with civilians in northern Sri Lanka, killing at least 16 people and wounding 22 others.
    (AFP, 12/5/07)(AP, 12/6/07)

2007        Dec 8, Soldiers and Tamil Tiger rebels exchanged mortar and gunfire in northern Sri Lanka, leaving 16 rebels dead.
    (AP, 12/9/07)

2007        Dec 14, Clashes between Sri Lankan soldiers and separatist Tamil Tiger rebels in the country's embattled north left 31 guerrillas and one soldier dead.
    (AP, 12/15/07)

2007        Dec 17, In northern Sri Lanka renewed violence between Tamil rebels and government forces left at least 33 people dead.
    (AFP, 12/17/07)

2007        Dec 18, In northern Sri Lanka fighting killed 13 rebels and two soldiers. The Tigers said they killed five soldiers.
    (AP, 12/19/07)

2007        Dec 19, The Sri Lanka military said soldiers killed four separatist Tamil Tiger rebels in two separate clashes.
    (AP, 12/19/07)

2007        Dec 22, In northern Sri Lanka government forces captured a key defense line of Tamil Tiger guerrillas in fighting that killed six rebels and one soldier.
    (AFP, 12/22/07)

2007        Dec 26, In northern Sri Lanka a wave of infantry attacks killed at least 66 rebels and 14 government troops.
    (AP, 12/27/07)

2007        Dec 27, In northern Sri Lanka Air force jets destroyed a Tamil naval base.
    (AP, 12/27/07)

2007        Inflation in Sri Lanka reached an annual rate of 21.6%.
    (Econ, 2/9/08, p.48)

2008        Jan 1, In Sri Lanka a gunman assassinated an opposition lawmaker and one other person at a New Year religious service near Colombo, and the lawmaker's party held the government responsible for his slaying.
    (AP, 1/1/08)

2008        Jan 2, The Sri Lankan government decided to withdraw from an internationally brokered cease-fire with the insurgents. Suspected Tamil Tiger rebels detonated a bomb near a bus carrying wounded soldiers through a busy commercial district in Sri Lanka's capital, killing one soldier and three civilians and wounding 24 other people. Air force jets launched two airstrikes in the north, one targeting a Tamil Tiger naval base in Mannar district and the other a logistics base in Mullaitivu district. Some 5,000 people had died over the last two years of the cease-fire.
    (AP, 1/3/08)(Econ, 1/5/08, p.36)

2008        Jan 3, In northern Sri Lanka heavy fighting broke out between government troops and Tamil Tigers, hours after Colombo announced it was pulling out of a tattered ceasefire agreement with the rebels.
    (AFP, 1/3/08)

2008        Jan 6, In northern Sri Lanka heavy fighting raged where Tiger rebels said they lost a key leader, as Norwegian-led monitors began pulling out before the formal end of a tattered truce.
    (AP, 1/6/08)

2008        Jan 7, According to new military figures gunbattles between government troops and Tamil Tiger rebels have brought the death toll for four days of fighting to 81. Violence intensified following the government's Jan 2 announcement that it would formally withdraw from a 2002 cease-fire accord.
    (AP, 1/7/08)

2008        Jan 8, A Sri Lankan government minister died in a roadside bombing blamed on the Tamil Tiger rebels, the first successful assassination of a top Sri Lankan official in 19 months. The bomb tore through the car carrying Nation Building Minister D.M. Dassanayake as he traveled through the Ja-Ela area.
    (AP, 1/8/08)

2008        Jan 13, In Sri Lanka Japan's peace envoy opened talks, hinting international donors may hold back much-needed foreign aid if the island's decades-long ethnic conflict escalates. Government soldiers crossed the front lines, destroying three bunkers and killing six rebels. Troops killed a 7th insurgent when he went to inspect the front lines north of rebel-held territory.
    (AP, 1/13/08)(AP, 1/15/08)

2008        Jan 14, In Sri Lanka Japanese mediator Yasushi Akashi met with Foreign Minister Rohitha Bogollagama and President Mahinda Rajapaksa during the envoy's three-day visit. Government fighter jets attacked a Tamil Tiger intelligence and military base in Kombavikulam in a rebel-held area. A second air raid destroyed a rebel artillery position in a village in Mannar. The military said a wave of pitched battles, bombings and an airstrike killed at least 22 guerrillas and 2 soldiers in northern Sri Lanka. Rebels said they held off a major military offensive in Mannar in a battle that killed at least 30 soldiers and three rebels.
    (AP, 1/15/08)(AFP, 1/15/08)

2008        Jan 16, In southeastern Sri Lanka a bomb and shooting attack blamed on Tamil separatists ripped through a packed civilian bus, killing 27 people as the government officially withdrew from a cease-fire with the rebels. Commandoes advanced into rebel territory in Mannar and destroyed a bunker, killing 4 female rebels. 9 rebels were killed in a clash elsewhere in Mannar.
    (AP, 1/16/08)(AP, 1/17/08)

2008        Jan 17, Sri Lanka's military said air force jets destroyed a hideout used by senior Tiger rebels. The pro-rebel TamilNet Web site said the jets had struck a civilian area and seven people had been wounded. Suspected Tamil Tiger rebels fatally shot 10 ethnic Sinhalese civilians in southern Thanamalwila village. A pro-rebel Web site said those killed were civilians carrying guns provided by the government after an attack on a farm in the same area that killed 32 people this week.
    (AP, 1/17/08)(AP, 1/18/08)

2008        Jan 19, In northern Sri Lanka 23 rebels, 17 in one battle alone, and one soldier were killed in clashes. In northeastern Welioya village fighting killed six rebels and left a soldier missing.
    (AP, 1/20/08)

2008        Jan 20, In Sri Lanka troops overran at least six rebel bunkers in Adampan village, killing two female fighters. Simultaneous clashes took place in the villages of Periyathampanai and Madu and, killing a total of 4 rebels. Soldiers killed an area rebel leader on the Jaffna peninsula. Soldiers on the northern Jaffna peninsula fired on the Tiger boats as they sailed near the shore.
    (AP, 1/20/08)

2008        Jan 21, In Sri Lanka government soldiers attacked Tamil Tiger rebel bunkers across the front lines in the embattled north, triggering a battle that killed 15 guerrillas and two soldiers.
    (AP, 1/21/08)

2008        Jan 24, In Sri Lanka 16 victims of what appeared to have been execution-style killings were found by villagers in a district 206 km (130 miles) north of the capital Colombo.
    (AFP, 1/25/08)

2008        Jan 26, Sri Lankan air force jets bombed the Tamil Tiger rebels' naval headquarters while the group's sea wing leaders were holding a meeting there.
    (AP, 1/26/08)

2008        Jan 28, In Sri Lanka security forces killed 45 rebels along the northern frontlines.
    (AFP, 1/29/08)

2008        Jan 29, In Sri Lanka the defense ministry said its troops smashed 16 guerrilla bunkers in the district of Mannar and killed at least 22 rebels. Tamilnet said at least 11 school children and the principal of the school were among those killed when the Sri Lanka Army triggered a Claymore mine targeting a bus carrying school children.
    (AFP, 1/29/08)

2008        Jan 30, In Sri Lanka troops overran at least 25 bunkers and killed 10 guerrillas.
    (AP, 2/1/08)

2008        Jan 31, In northern Sri Lanka a bomb being transported by a suicide bomber on a bicycle exploded prematurely, killing 4 people and injuring 13. Separate clashes across the north killed 15 Tamil rebels. Japan cautioned it will review its aid policy unless the violence subsided.
    (AP, 1/31/08)(AFP, 1/31/08)(AP, 2/1/08)

2008        Feb 1, In northern Sri Lanka government troops attacked Tamil Tiger rebel bunkers along the front lines, triggering a battle that killed 10 guerrillas and two soldiers. In north-central Sri Lanka a bomb tore through a bus packed with mostly elderly Buddhist pilgrims, killing 18-20 people and wounding 51 others.
    (AP, 2/1/08)(AP, 2/2/08)(Econ, 2/9/08, p.48)

2008        Feb 3, In Sri Lanka a female suicide bomber attacked the main railway station in the capital of Colombo, killing at least 15 people and wounding 93 others. The dead included 7 students and their baseball coach killed on the eve of Freedom Day.
    (AP, 2/3/08)(AFP, 2/5/08)(Econ, 2/9/08, p.66)

2008        Feb 4, In northeastern Sri Lanka a roadside bomb attack blamed on Tamil Tiger rebels tore through a civilian bus. 14 people were killed and 15 injured in the Freedom day attack. According to the defense ministry, the rebels have lost at least 913 fighters since the beginning of the year, compared with just 37 government soldiers killed.
    (AP, 2/4/08)(AFP, 2/5/08)

2008        Feb 7, In Sri Lanka government troops attacked rebel bunkers along the northern front lines, triggering gunbattles that killed 34 rebels and one soldier.
    (AP, 2/9/08)

2008        Feb 8, In Sri Lanka gunbattles along the front lines in the northern districts of Jaffna, Mannar and Vavuniya killed 41 Tamil Tiger rebels and three soldiers.
    (AP, 2/9/08)

2008        Feb 12, Tiger rebels shelled a key base in northern Sri Lanka, killing six soldiers and wounding 10, as the defense ministry said the rebels sustained heavy losses in new fighting.
    (AP, 2/12/08)

2008        Feb 18, Sri Lankan soldiers captured a line of strategic rebel bunkers after a battle that killed 10 rebels and one soldier.
    (AP, 2/18/08)

2008        Feb 22, In Sri Lanka clashes broke out in at least six locations in northern Jaffna, Mannar, Vavuniya districts and Welioya, leaving 31 rebels and one soldier dead.
    (AP, 2/23/08)

2008        Feb 23, In Sri Lanka fighting erupted in northeastern Welioya region, where soldiers killed at least eight guerrillas. A bomb explosion on a bus wounded at least 14 people in Mount Lavinia, near the Colombo.
    (AP, 2/23/08)

2008        Feb 29, In Sri Lanka a suspected Tamil Tiger suicide bomber blew himself up injuring 7 people as police tried to search his house in the heavily-guarded Sri Lankan capital. In a massive search carried out shortly afterwards, police recovered six powerful Claymore mines, the type commonly used by Tamil Tiger rebels, from a house in the same area of Colombo.
    (AFP, 2/29/08)

2008        Mar 2, In Sri Lanka artillery exchanges left at least 25 Tamil rebels and two Sri Lankan soldiers dead as Pres. Rajapakse vowed to destroy the separatist guerrillas.
    (AFP, 3/3/08)

2008        Mar 3, In Sri Lanka 14 rebels were killed in ongoing clashes with government forces.
    (AP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 3, The Sri Lankan navy said it rescued 71 Burmese Bangladeshi citizens aboard a vessel that had drifted for 12 days in the Indian Ocean. 20 others had died from lack of food and water.
    (SFC, 3/4/08, p.A3)

2008        Mar 4, In Sri Lanka 7 rebels were killed in ongoing clashes as government forces pushed deeper into Tamil Tiger territory. 3 days of fighting left at least 90 guerrillas and nine government soldiers dead.
    (AP, 3/4/08)

2008        Mar 6, K. Sivanesan (51), a Sri Lankan Tamil lawmaker, was killed in a roadside bomb attack by government security forces. At least 61 Tamil Tiger rebels and five government troops were killed in 2 days of fresh fighting across Sri Lanka's embattled north.
    (AFP, 3/6/08)(AFP, 3/7/08)

2008        Mar 10, Sri Lankans trickled to the polls in the turbulent eastern city of Batticaloa to vote in the first municipal elections since government forces seized control of the east last year from ethnic Tamil rebels. The Karuna Group, a pro-government militia composed of former Tamil Tiger rebels, won the election despite allegations that it used child soldiers, extorted businessmen and carried out killings.
    (AP, 3/10/08)(AP, 3/11/08)

2008        Mar 12, Sri Lanka’s defense ministry said at least another 28 Tamil Tiger rebels were killed by security forces in overnight fighting across Sri Lanka's embattled north. Air force fighter jets pounded three suspected rebel bases in Mannar.
    (AFP, 3/12/08)

2008        Mar 14, Sri Lanka’s pro-rebel TamilNet Web site said rebels beat back advancing troops on three fronts in Mannar and Welioya regions, killing 22 soldiers.
    (AP, 3/16/08)

2008        Mar 16, In northern Sri Lanka suspected separatist Tamil rebels killed a police officer and a soldier in separate attacks, taking the death toll from two days of violence to 30.
    (AP, 3/16/08)

2008        Mar 18, In Sri Lanka battles, roadside bombings and artillery attacks across the front lines of Sri Lanka's civil war killed 35 ethnic Tamil rebels and two soldiers. The combatants were killed in at least 17 different confrontations.
    (AP, 3/19/08)

2008        Mar 19, Arthur C. Clarke (b.1917), English-born science fiction writer, died in Sri Lanka. Clarke wrote or collaborated on close to 100 books and had moved to Sri Lanka in 1956. He had just finished his last novel, co-authored with Frederik Pohl, titled “The Last Theorem.”
    (AP, 3/19/08)(SFC, 3/19/08, p.A2)(SSFC, 8/10/08, Books p.7)

2008        Mar 20, In Sri Lanka troops, according to a statement the next day, ambushed ethnic Tamil rebels with a roadside bomb, overran bunkers and engaged in firefights across the north, killing 29 insurgents.
    (AP, 3/21/08)

2008        Mar 25, In Sri Lanka fighting across the war-ravaged northern district killed at least one soldier and 19 rebels.
    (AFP, 3/26/08)

2008        Mar 26, A roadside blast in Sri Lanka's restive eastern region killed two policemen while fighting in the north left at least 19 rebels and one soldier dead.
    (AFP, 3/26/08)

2008        Mar 27, In northern Sri Lanka a series of battles along the front lines killed 17 ethnic Tamil rebels and two government soldiers.
    (AP, 3/28/08)

2008        Apr 1, Strong fighting broke out in northern Sri Lanka as government troops launched a fresh offensive against Tiger rebels. The heavy fighting left 42 rebels and a soldier dead.
    (AP, 4/1/08)(AP, 4/2/08)

2008        Apr 2, In Sri Lanka government troops captured a strip of land from Tamil Tigers. 2 civilians were shot dead by suspected Tamil Tiger rebels in the Wilpattu wildlife park.
    (AP, 4/2/08)

2008        Apr 3, In Sri Lanka battles along the northern front lines left 21 rebels and five soldiers dead.
    (AP, 4/4/08)

2008        Apr 4, Sri Lanka's air force bombed and destroyed a Tamil separatist training camp in the island's north.
    (AP, 4/4/08)

2008        Apr 6, A suspected Tamil Tiger suicide bomber assassinated Jeyaraj Fernandopulle (55), Sri Lanka's highways minister, as he opened a marathon in an attack that also killed 13 others and wounded 100.
    (AFP, 4/6/08)

2008        Apr 10, In Sri Lanka government forces attacked Tamil Tiger rebel bunkers along the front lines in the war-ravaged northern region, triggering gunbattles that killed 13 rebels and wounded 11 soldiers.
    (AP, 4/11/08)

2008        Apr 11, Soldiers destroyed two Tamil Tiger rebel bunkers in northern Sri Lanka while fighting in the region left 11 separatists dead and eight soldiers wounded.
    (AP, 4/12/08)

2008        Apr 13, Sri Lanka marked its traditional new year with security forces and Tamil separatists locked in fierce combat resulting in heavy losses on both sides. Defense officials said at least 87 guerrillas had been killed in the last 24 hours. Security forces smashed through defenses of Tamil separatists, killing at least five rebels.
    (AFP, 4/13/08)(AFP, 4/14/08)

2008        Apr 20,     Sri Lankan forces killed a Roman Catholic priest who was also a top human rights campaigner inside rebel-held territory, as fighting raged in the troubled north.
    (AP, 4/20/08)

2008        Apr 22, In Sri Lanka rebels said Tamil separatists had destroyed an army tank after Sri Lankan war planes bombed a Roman Catholic church compound killing a man and wounding two children.
    (AFP, 4/22/08)

2008        Apr 23, In Sri Lanka officials said at least 52 guerrillas and 38 soldiers were killed and hundreds more wounded as Tamil separatists reported repulsing a Sri Lankan offensive ahead of key local elections. The defense ministry said its forces killed more than 100 Tigers and reported losing 43 soldiers, with another 33 missing in action. It was the security forces' biggest loss in a single offensive since October 2006. Later reports said at least 165 government soldiers were killed and 20 more left missing in the battle with Tamil separatists.
    (AP, 4/23/08)(AFP, 4/24/08)(AFP, 4/25/08)

2008        Apr 24, Sri Lanka carried out retaliatory air strikes against Tamil Tiger rebels, a day after intense artillery battles left hundreds killed or wounded, according to officials on both sides.
    (AFP, 4/24/08)

2008        Apr 25, In Sri Lanka a bomb in a bus baggage rack exploded outside Colombo killing 24 people and wounding 40.
    (SFC, 4/26/08, p.A3)

2008        Apr 26, In Sri Lanka the defense ministry said a total of 54 Tiger guerrillas were killed in separate clashes with security forces and heavy ground fighting was continuing. The ministry said seven troops were also killed.
    (AFP, 4/27/08)

2008        Apr 27, In Sri Lanka Tiger rebels used aircraft to bomb military targets, dealing a psychological blow to security forces, as the two sides fought heavy ground battles.
    (AFP, 4/27/08)

2008        Apr 28, Sri Lanka hailed Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's visit as an important step in cementing closer ties between the two nations.
    (AP, 4/28/08)

2008        May 1, In Sri Lanka suspected Tamil Tiger rebels set off a roadside mine, killing two police commandos, as violence raged on across the north.
    (AP, 5/1/08)

2008        May 3, In Sri Lanka heavy fighting between government troops and Tamil separatists left 35 rebels and eight soldiers dead.
    (AP, 5/4/08)

2008        May 8, Sri Lanka’s defense ministry said at least 74 Tamil Tiger rebels and three Sri Lankan soldiers have been killed in 3 days of fighting in the island's north.
    (AFP, 5/8/08)

2008        May 9, In eastern Sri Lanka a bomb hidden in a package exploded in a cafe in the town of Ampara, killing 11 people on the eve local elections.
    (AP, 5/10/08)

2008        May 10, Tamil Tiger rebels sank the Invincible, a navy cargo ship moored in the northeast of Sri Lanka, in an attack coinciding with key elections in the tense eastern province. Allegations of fraud, voter intimidation and sporadic violence marred the elections.
    (AP, 5/10/08)(Econ, 5/17/08, p.56)

2008        May 11, Sri Lanka's ruling coalition was declared the winner of key elections in the east of the island, and hailed its victory as a major boost for the war against Tamil rebels.
    (AP, 5/11/08)

2008        May 16, Sri Lankan ground troops killed at least 16 Tamil Tiger rebels while air force fighter jets bombed guerrilla targets in the island's north. The offensive came hours after a suicide bomber rammed into a police bus in the capital of Colombo, killing 11 people and injuring more than 80.
    (AFP, 5/17/08)

2008        May 17, Sri Lankan air force helicopters bombed a Tamil Tiger rebel operations center in the contested north. Separate ground battles killed 12 insurgents.
    (AP, 5/18/08)

2008        May 18, In Sri Lanka government soldiers and the rebels fought several battles in northern Mannar district, killing 40 rebels and 10 soldiers while three other soldiers are reported missing. 21 other rebels and seven soldiers were also killed in scattered fighting, mortar fire and mine blasts across Jaffna. A pro-rebel Web site reported that the rebels have stalled a military advance in Mannar, killing 26 soldiers and wounding more than 50. Three insurgents were also killed in the battle the Web site reported, quoting an unnamed rebel official.
    (AP, 5/19/08)

2008        May 20, In Sri Lanka ground battles in the Welioya, Vavuniya and Mannar areas bordering the rebels' de facto state in the north killed 25 rebels. Tamil leader Balasegaram Kandiah (43), known by his nom de guerre, Brig. Balraj, died of a heart attack. He reportedly led a number of battles against government forces.
    (AP, 5/21/08)

2008        May 22, In Sri Lanka government soldiers killed 11 insurgents in three separate clashes in Vavuniya. 10 soldiers were wounded. Other battles in Jaffna, Mannar and Welioya killed 11 rebels and two soldiers.
    (AP, 5/23/08)

2008        May 23, In Sri Lanka Army troops launched two separate attacks along the front lines on the Jaffna peninsula and destroyed 13 rebel bunkers. Guerrillas said 16 civilians were killed in a roadside bomb attack carried out by government forces deep inside Tamil Tiger territory. Rebels also said a government airstrike elsewhere in Kilinochchi killed an infant and a teenage girl. Other fighting in the Vavuniya and Mannar regions bordering the rebels' de facto state in the north killed seven rebels and one soldier.
    (AP, 5/24/08)

2008        May 24, In northern Sri Lanka a new round of fighting killed seven Tamil separatists and two soldiers.
    (AP, 5/25/08)

2008        May 26, In Sri Lanka a bomb ripped through part of a packed passenger train during evening rush hour, killing 8 people and wounding 70 others near the Colombo.
    (AP, 5/26/08)

2008        May 28, Sri Lanka’s military said 20 insurgents and one soldier were killed in fighting in Jaffna and Welioya.
    (AP, 5/29/08)

2008        May 29, Sri Lanka's military sank four Tamil Tiger rebel boats off the island's northern coast after a battle that killed 7 rebels and one soldier. Army troops captured the stronghold known as Munnagam Base after 3 days of fighting. The military said 6 civilians were killed in a rebel artillery attack. A pro-rebel Web site reported that guerrillas raided a navy camp in Sirutheevu islet, killing 13 sailors and seizing weapons. Other fighting in the Mannar and Vavuniya regions in the north killed 4 rebels and wounded 8 soldiers.
    (AP, 5/29/08)(AP, 5/30/08)

2008        May 30, Sri Lanka’s Tigers repelled an army advance into rebel-held areas of Vavuniya and Mannar, killing 31 troops and wounding at least 52 in several clashes according to Tamilnet.com. The rebels condemned government moves to devolve more power to the north and east
    (AFP, 5/31/08)

2008        May 31, In Sri Lanka 9 Tamil Tiger rebels and four soldiers were killed in new clashes in Sri Lanka's restive north.
    (AP, 6/1/08)

2008        Jun 4, In Sri Lanka a bomb blast targeting a passenger train wounded 18 bystanders in Colombo in the latest attack on civilians in the island nation. Tamil Tigers reportedly killed 10 soldiers while security forces reportedly killed 35 rebels during the heavy clashes across the island's north. According to the defense ministry, 4,068 Tamil Tigers and 335 government troops have been killed since January.
    (AP, 6/4/08)(AFP, 6/5/08)

2008        Jun 5, Fighting in northern Sri Lanka claimed 16 LTTE members and two soldiers.
    (AP, 6/6/08)

2008        Jun 6, In Sri Lanka officials said at least 23 people were killed and 67 wounded in two Tamil Tiger bomb attacks on public buses packed with civilians.
    (AFP, 6/6/08)

2008        Jun 7, In Sri Lanka separate clashes in Vavuniya district killed 8 rebels and wounded five soldiers. Other battles in Jaffna and Welioya killed six rebels and wounded 10 soldiers.
    (AP, 6/8/08)

2008        Jun 11, In Sri Lanka government forces destroyed two Tamil Tiger rebel bunkers in the embattled north while infantry clashes killed 13 rebels and two soldiers.
    (AP, 6/12/08)

2008        Jun 12, In Sri Lanka a new round of fighting with Tamil Tiger separatists has killed 11 rebels and two soldiers.
    (AP, 6/13/08)

2008        Jun 13, In Sri Lanka's north clashes in the Welioya area killed seven rebels and four soldiers. 3 confrontations in Vavuniya and Mannar killed four rebels and three soldiers.
    (AP, 6/14/08)

2008        Jun 14, In Sri Lanka ground battles left 15 guerrillas and two soldiers dead.
    (AP, 6/15/08)

2008        Jun 15, Sri Lankan war planes destroyed a suspected Tamil Tiger logistics base in the island's northeast. The rebel Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) said Sri Lankan jets had killed two civilians and wounded 11 more in the attack.
    (AP, 6/15/08)

2008        Jun 16, In Sri Lanka battles across the volatile north killed 14 ethnic Tamil rebels and one government soldier.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 16, The Canadian government added the World Tamil Movement to its list of terrorist groups, describing it as a front organization that raised funds for the rebel Tamil Tigers fighting against the government in Sri Lanka.
    (Reuters, 6/16/08)

2008        Jun 17, In Sri Lanka scattered fighting across the restive north killed 25 Tamil Tiger rebels and six soldiers.
    (AP, 6/18/08)

2008        Jun 18, Italian police arrested 33 Sri Lankan Tamils charged with belonging to the outlawed Tamil Tigers group fighting a separatist insurgency against the government in Colombo. In addition to being charged with membership of a proscribed organization, the 33 were also accused of having helped finance the Tamil Tigers through remittances.
    (AFP, 6/18/08)

2008        Jun 19, In Sri Lanka fighting between the government forces and Tamil Tiger rebels along the northern front lines killed 26 rebels and three government soldiers.
    (AP, 6/20/08)

2008        Jun 21, Sri Lanka launched air attacks in rebel-held territory in the island's north as ground troops killed at least four guerrillas.
    (AP, 6/21/08)

2008        Jun 22, Sri Lanka Army troops captured six rebel bunkers near the front lines in Vavuniya after a battle that killed 10 rebels and five soldiers. In the nearby Mannar district, soldiers clashed with guerrillas, leaving 10 rebels and one soldier dead. Other battles in Welioya, Vavuniya and Jaffna killed 13 rebels while wounding 30 rebels and 15 soldiers.
    (AP, 6/23/08)

2008        Jun 23, In Sri Lanka fighting in northern Sri Lanka killed 21 Tamil Tiger separatist rebels and two soldiers.
    (AP, 6/24/08)

2008        Jun 24, Fighting across Sri Lanka's embattled northern region killed at least 32 ethnic Tamil rebels and four government soldiers. Air force fighters bombed a training base in the rebel stronghold of Mullaitivu while helicopter gunships pounded rebel bunkers along the front lines in Mannar.
    (AP, 6/25/08)

2008        Jun 25, In northern Sri Lanka at least 69 Tiger rebels and two soldiers were killed in the last 2 days in heavy fighting where security forces wrested more territory from the guerrillas.
    (AFP, 6/26/08)

2008        Jun 26, Sri Lankan forces captured a Tamil Tiger supply center and bombed a rebel training base amid a surge in the island's civil war that killed 49 insurgents and two soldiers.
    (AP, 6/27/08)

2008        Jun 27, In Sri Lanka government troops captured Andankulam town in Mannar after a battle that killed 28 rebels and one soldier. Other battles killed 12 rebels and one soldier in the Welioya region, while in the northern Jaffna peninsula, a soldier died in a roadside bomb blast blamed on the rebels.
    (AP, 6/28/08)

2008        Jun 28, In northern Sri Lanka government troops captured a Tamil Tiger rebel-held village. 20 rebels and a soldier were killed in Vavuniya. Seven Tigers and a soldier were killed in Mannar and 14 rebels died in Welioya.
    (AP, 6/28/08)(AP, 6/29/08)

2008        Jun 29, In Sri Lanka army troops took control of about 46 square miles of rebel-held territory in the Mannar region. Soldiers killed 13 rebels in clashes in the Welioya region. Another 13 rebels and two soldiers were killed in battles in Mannar and Vavuniya districts.
    (AP, 6/30/08)

2008        Jun 30, Sri Lanka's air force bombed a Tamil Tiger rebel navy base, while separate ground clashes in the country's war-torn north left 20 combatants dead.
    (AP, 7/1/08)

2008        Jul 1, In Sri Lanka fighting erupted in the Vavuniya and Welioya regions bordering the rebels' de facto state in the north. The fighting in Vavuniya killed 16 rebels and one soldier, while in the nearby Welioya region, 11 rebels and one soldier died.
    (AP, 7/2/08)

2008        Jul 2, In Sri Lanka a series of battles between government forces and Tamil Tiger fighters on the front lines of the civil war killed 26 rebels. The fighting took place throughout the day, killing two rebels in the Vavuniya area, 12 in Mannar and 12 in Welioya. Rebel spokesman Rasiah Ilanthirayan disputed those figures, saying three of his fighters and 11 soldiers were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 7/3/08)

2008        Jul 3, In Sri Lanka a wave of battles in Mannar, Vavuniya and Welioya killed 32 rebels and two soldiers.
    (AP, 7/4/08)

2008        Jul 4, In Sri Lanka soldiers took control of Michael Base in the rebel stronghold of Mullaitivu district after three days of fighting. Other battles in Vavuniya killed 18 rebels and wounded three soldiers. Fighting in Mannar, Jaffna and Welioya left 15 rebels dead and one soldier wounded.
    (AP, 7/4/08)(AP, 7/5/08)

2008        Jul 5, In Sri Lanka clashes were reported in several villages in Vavuniya district where 12 rebels were killed. 3 rebels were killed in Mannar and 4 rebels and a soldier were killed in Welioya.
    (AP, 7/6/08)

2008        Jul 6, Sri Lankan fighter jets bombed a Tamil Tiger rebel position in their northern stronghold.
    (AP, 7/6/08)

2008        Jul 11, In southern Sri Lanka suspected rebel gunmen ambushed a crowded passenger bus as it traveled down a small rural road. The attack killed a boy and three women and wounded 25 others. Clashes broke out in the Mannar, Vavuniya and Welioya regions surrounding the rebel stronghold killed 17 rebels.
    (AP, 7/12/08)

2008        Jul 12, In Sri Lanka 18 rebels and a soldier were killed in Mannar district; 7 rebels and a soldier were killed in Vavuniya and six guerrillas died in Welioya. Each side often exaggerates the casualties and damage inflicted on its enemy while underreporting its own losses.
    (AP, 7/13/08)

2008        Jul 15, In Sri Lanka fighting reportedly killed a total of 51 rebels and a soldier.
    (AP, 7/16/08)

2008        Jul 16, Sri Lankan soldiers captured a key naval base used by the Tamil Tiger rebels in the northern part of the country. Fighting in the north killed 24 rebels and 3 soldiers.
    (AP, 7/16/08)(AP, 7/17/08)

2008        Jul 17, Sri Lankan air force jets bombed a group of ethnic Tamil rebels. Troops attacked rebel bunkers along the front lines in the Vavuniya area, killing 10 Tamil Tiger fighters. Fighting in the area also killed four soldiers, while a fifth soldier was missing in action. Fighting in Welioya killed nine rebels and one soldier, while another rebel was killed in Jaffna.
    (AP, 7/17/08)(AFP, 7/18/08)

2008        Jul 18, Sri Lankan warplanes carried out air raids over the rebel-controlled northern region of Mullaittivu, targeting a Tiger logistics base. The military said fighting in the northern Vavuniya district left nine rebels killed. 7 insurgents were killed along the Welioya front, while 3 more were killed in Jaffna.
    (AFP, 7/18/08)(AP, 7/19/08)

2008        Jul 19, In Sri Lanka soldiers killed 11 rebels in Vavuniya while five rebels died in the nearby Mannar district. A soldier was killed by a sniper's bullet in Mannar.
    (AP, 7/20/08)

2008        Jul 20, Sri Lankan government forces captured a Tamil Tiger rebel base in the north after a 48-hour battle that left at least 15 rebels dead. Air force jets destroyed six rebel boats.
    (AP, 7/20/08)

2008        Jul 21, In Sri Lanka 44 rebels and two government soldiers were killed in fighting.
    (AP, 7/22/08)

2008        Jul 22, The Tamil Tiger rebels announced they would observe a unilateral 10-day cease-fire as a goodwill gesture during a regional summit to be held later this month. An airstrike deep inside the rebels' de facto state killed 22 members of the Black Tigers, the group's suicide force.
    (AP, 7/22/08)

2008        Jul 23, In Sri Lanka government forces killed 25 rebels in battles in the Vavuniya, Mannar, Jaffna and Welioya regions along the front lines.
    (AP, 7/24/08)

2008        Jul 24, Sri Lankan forces battled rebel gunmen deep inside the nation's northern jungles, killing 25 guerrilla fighters and seizing new territory. Battles in other parts of the war zone killed 13 rebels and three soldiers.
    (AP, 7/24/08)(AP, 7/25/08)

2008        Jul 25, In Sri Lanka heavy fighting between Sri Lankan government forces and Tamil Tiger rebels along the front lines of their civil war killed 62 rebels and eight soldiers.
    (AP, 7/26/08)

2008        Jul 26, In northern Sri Lanka 12 Tamil Tiger rebels were killed by security forces in fresh clashes in the Wanni region.
    (AP, 7/28/08)

2008        Jul 27, In Sri Lanka at least 16 different battles broke out in the Welioya and Vavuniya regions, some of them sparked by government attacks on the rebels' bunker lines. The rebels also carried out at least five roadside bombings against troops. The violence killed 18 rebels and four soldiers.
    (AP, 7/28/08)

2008        Jul 29, In Sri Lanka 21 Tamil Tigers and 4 soldiers were slain in clashes in the northern Wanni region.
    (AP, 7/30/08)

2008        Jul 30, Sri Lankan war planes bombed a suspected Tiger base in the north. The army launched a wave of attacks against Tamil Tiger separatists in the north, sparking battles that killed 24 rebels and one soldier.
    (AFP, 7/30/08)(AP, 7/31/08)

2008        Jul 31, Sri Lanka’s army troops crossed into Kilinochchi district, where the rebels' de facto capital is located, in fighting for the first time in 11 years.
    (AP, 8/2/08)

2008        Aug 1, In Sri Lanka new fighting between government forces and the rebels across the country's embattled northern region killed 38 rebels and 14 soldiers.
    (AP, 8/2/08)

2008        Aug 2, In Sri Lanka a two-day summit of leaders of the 15th South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), opened amid extraordinary security. Leaders of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, The Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka attended the summit. Government troops captured rebel-held Vellankulam village in Mannar, the last rebel stronghold in the area. Fresh fighting between Sri Lankan troops and Tamil Tiger separatists killed 14 rebels and two soldiers across the embattled northern region.
    (AP, 8/2/08)(AP, 8/3/08)

2008        Aug 3, In Sri Lanka the South Asian summit ended. Tensions between India and Pakistan overshadowed the summit, but the two nuclear-armed rivals vowed to work together and save a tenuous peace process. A draft summit declaration called for collective action to combat "all forms of terrorist violence" that was threatening their "peace, stability and security." The leaders also agreed to implement a regional trade pact, signed in 1995 but never fully implemented. Troops repulsed an attempt by Tamil rebels to retake a recently captured guerrilla stronghold in heavy fighting that killed 21 rebels and three soldiers. Thirteen rebels and three soldiers were killed in other clashes in the Mannar, Vavuniya and Welioya regions.
    (AFP, 8/3/08)(AP, 8/4/08)

2008        Aug 7, In Sri Lanka army troops attacked and captured a rebel bunker in Welioya, where separate clashes killed 15 rebels and four soldiers. In nearby Vavuniya district, fighting killed two rebels and wounded two soldiers.
    (AP, 8/8/08)

2008        Aug 8, In Sri Lanka artillery shells fired by the army hit a hospital overnight killing an 18-month-old baby and wounding 16 people. Infantry clashes in the north killed 31 rebels and four soldiers.
    (AP, 8/8/08)(AP, 8/9/08)

2008        Aug 9, In Sri Lanka air force fighter jets pounded a Tamil Tiger supply base and an intelligence operation center deep in rebel-held Mullaitivu district. Separately, helicopter gunships overnight hit a radio center operated by the Sea Tigers. Scattered battles in Vavuniya killed 16 rebels and one soldier while three rebels died in Mullaitivu. Separate clashes killed five insurgents in Welioya and Jaffna.
    (AP, 8/9/08)(AP, 8/10/08)

2008        Aug 10, Sri Lankan soldiers launched a pre-dawn attack on Tamil separatists in the embattled north, killing 15 rebels, while other battles in the region left 24 rebels and one soldier dead, said the military.
    (AP, 8/10/08)

2008        Aug 13, In Sri Lanka a wave of battles across the front lines in the 25-year-old civil war killed 14 ethnic Tamil rebels and two government soldiers.
    (AP, 8/14/08)

2008        Aug 14, In Sri Lanka government jets hit a series of Tamil Tiger targets in the Mullaittivu region in support of troops fighting on the ground. Fighting between the two sides killed 27 rebels and two government soldiers.
    (AP, 8/14/08)(AP, 8/15/08)

2008        Aug 15, International aid groups said tens of thousands of civilians have fled their homes in northern Sri Lanka in recent weeks as the military ramped up its offensive against the Tamil Tiger rebels' heartland.
    (AP, 8/15/08)

2008        Aug 16, In Sri Lanka a series of raging battles across the northern war zone killed 27 Tamil Tiger fighters and seven government troops. Soldiers took control of a rebel training base in Andankulam in the Welioya region after Tamil Tiger fighters fled the area.
    (AP, 8/17/08)

2008        Aug 21, In Sri Lanka helicopter gunships attacked a rebel fortification in the northern district of Vavuniya. 21 rebels and two soldiers died in fighting.
    (AP, 8/21/08)(AP, 8/22/08)

2008        Aug 22, Sri Lankan troops captured two strategic towns from Tamil Tigers as they closed in on the rebels' political capital. With the fall of Thunukkai and Uyilankulam, the military was just 12 kilometers (7.5 miles) south of Kilinochchi.
    (AFP, 8/22/08)

2008        Aug 23, Sri Lanka staged local elections under tight security as troops pushed deeper into Tamil Tiger territory, closing in on the rebel capital in the war-ravaged north. The defense ministry said a total of 28 rebels and two soldiers were killed in clashes over the last 24 hours across the island's north.
    (AFP, 8/23/08)

2008        Aug 24, In Sri Lanka soldiers reportedly killed 12 Tamil separatists in fighting along the front lines dividing government territory from the rebels de facto state.
    (AP, 8/25/08)

2008        Aug 25, In northern Sri Lanka a series of gunbattles between government forces and the Tamil Tigers killed 15 rebels and seven soldiers.
    (AP, 8/26/08)

2008        Aug 26, In Sri Lanka ground battles in the northern regions of Jaffna, Vavuniya, Mullaitivu, Kilinochchi and Welioya killed 27 rebels and two soldiers.
    (AP, 8/27/08)

2008        Aug 29, In Sri Lanka  renewed fighting in the embattled north killed 18 rebels and 5 soldiers.
    (AP, 8/30/08)

2008        Aug 30, A bomb blast blamed on separatist Tamil Tigers wounded 45 people in Colombo. A clash killed three soldiers and a rebel in Anuradhapura district. Rebels said that a shell fired by government forces hit a shelter for civilians displaced by fighting in Kilinochchi, killing five people and wounding three others.
    (AP, 8/30/08)

2008        Aug 31, Sri Lanka’s defense ministry said troops killed 12 rebels in the north, while three soldiers also died in combat.
    (AP, 8/31/08)

2008        Aug, Inflation in Sri Lanka reached an annual rate close to 30%. The 25-year average annual inflation rate was 12%.
    (Econ, 8/16/08, p.44)

2008        Sep 1, Sri Lanka’s defense ministry said 33 rebels and four of its own troops were killed in fighting across the north of the island. It said 49 guerrillas and 11 soldiers were also wounded in the fighting. Government troops marched into Mallavi, a key LTTE bastion.
    (AP, 9/2/08)

2008        Sep 2, Sri Lanka's government said it had dealt a major blow to Tamil rebels by capturing the key northern town and guerrilla bastion of Mallavi after heavy fighting that left dozens dead. Government forces pounded rebel defenses with airstrikes, helicopter attacks and ground assaults as heavy fighting across northern Sri Lanka killed 47 Tamil Tiger fighters and left 13 soldiers dead or missing. A rebel affiliated Web site claimed the Tamil Tigers had killed as many as 75 government soldiers in the recent fighting.
    (AP, 9/2/08)(AP, 9/3/08)

2008        Sep 3, In Sri Lanka fighter jets bombed two rebel boats off the northeast coast in the rebel stronghold of Mullaitivu, destroying one and causing heavy damage to the other.
    (AP, 9/3/08)

2008        Sep 5, In Sri Lankan soldiers captured three Tamil Tiger rebel bunkers and killed 24 guerrillas in fighting across the island's restive north.
    (AP, 9/6/08)

2008        Sep 6, In Sri Lanka air force helicopters bombed rebel bunkers in the rebel-held Mullaittivu district to support advancing ground troops.
    (AP, 9/6/08)

2008        Sep 9, Tamil Tiger rebels launched an air and ground assault on a military complex in northern Sri Lanka. 5 women were among 10 suicide bombers that struck the Vavuniya military complex, 260 kilometers (160 miles) north of Colombo. At least 15 people were killed in the attack. The UN announced it was withdrawing its aid workers from Sri Lanka's embattled north ahead of a major military drive, as Colombo claimed its first downing of a rebel aircraft.
    (AP, 9/9/08)(AFP, 9/12/08)

2008        Sep 10, In Sri Lanka air force jets attacked a rebel intelligence base in the north, stepping up a punishing wave of airstrikes a day after Tamil Tiger fighters launched a surprise attack on a military base. UN chief Ban Ki-moon expressed international concern for tens of thousands civilians trapped in Sri Lanka's north as government forces prepared for a major showdown with Tamil separatists.
    (AP, 9/10/08)

2008        Sep 11, Sri Lankan troops killed 37 Tiger rebels during fresh fighting across the island's north.
    (AP, 9/12/08)

2008        Sep 13, Sri Lanka's Tamil Tigers accused the government of planning a genocidal campaign against Tamils as UN agencies pulled out of rebel-held regions in the island's north. Violence in the last 24 hours killed eight Tiger rebels and two troops.
    (AP, 9/13/08)

2008        Sep 18, Sri Lanka's military said it was moving closer to the headquarters of the Tamil Tigers. Naval forces fought a ferocious sea battle with Tamil Tiger separatists off Sri Lanka's northwestern coast, sinking 10 boats. Tamil Tiger separatists and government forces fought intense battles across the embattled northern region, killing at least 62 rebels and eight soldiers according to military officials. The Tamil Tigers, meanwhile, said they repelled a government offensive in Kilinochchi, killing 25 soldiers.
    (AFP, 9/18/08)(AP, 9/18/08)(AP, 9/19/08)

2008        Sep 22, In Sri Lanka some 26 Tamil Tigers were killed in ground fighting across the across the embattled regions of Weli Oya, Kilinochchi and Vavuniya, where troops were trying to wrest control of the rebel capital of Kilinochchi.
    (AFP, 9/23/08)

2008        Sep 25, In Sri Lanka fighting in Kilinochchi left at least 24 Tamil Tiger soldiers dead, with two killed on the government side. Troops also killed nine rebels in separate attacks along the northern front of Vavuniya and Weli Oya.
    (AP, 9/26/08)

2008        Sep 26, In Sri Lanka at least 52 Tamil Tiger rebels were killed in heavy fighting between troops and the guerrillas just outside the insurgents' northern capital. Fighting along the northern region of Weli Oya and Jaffna left eight rebels and two soldiers dead.
    (AFP, 9/27/08)

2008        Sep 27, Sri Lankan fighter jets bombed a rebel base in Kilinochchi district. The government it said was used to train suicide bombers. The pro-rebel Tamilnet website said the bombs fell on a civilian town, killing one person and injuring two, including a child. Clashes between government soldiers and rebels left 17 dead in the country's war-ravaged north.
    (AFP, 9/27/08)(AFP, 9/28/08)

2008        Sep 28, In Sri Lanka a suicide attack in Vavuniya killed one civilian and left 8 wounded. A soldier died form wounds the next day. Troops captured part of a strategic road in Kilinochchi district after a seven-hour battle that killed seven rebels and one soldier. Attacks on rebel bunkers and other scattered fighting killed 11 rebels in the Welioya, Jaffna and Vavuniya districts. Two other rebels were killed in a brief clash in Ampara in the east, which the government ousted the rebels from last year.
    (AP, 9/28/08)(AP, 9/29/08)

2008        Sep 29, Suspected Tamil separatists set off a bomb in a parking lot in Colombo, Sri Lanka's capital, wounding three people.
    (AP, 9/29/08)

2008        Oct 2, Sri Lanka’s air force bombed the offices of the rebel peace secretariat, the headquarters for its negotiating team in long-defunct peace talks. Scattered battles killed 42 rebel fighters and two soldiers.
    (AP, 10/3/08)

2008        Oct 3, Sri Lankan air force jets bombed the offices of the Tamil Tiger political chief Balasingham Nadesan.
    (AP, 10/3/08)

2008        Oct 4, In Sri Lanka heavy fighting near the rebels' administrative capital of Kilinochchi left 20 guerrillas and 4 soldiers dead. Soldiers overran five rebel bunkers in the Mullaitivu district, killing 5 rebels. 4 rebels and a soldier were killed in clashes in the Vavuniya and Welioya regions.
    (AP, 10/5/08)

2008        Oct 6, In northern Sri Lanka a suspected rebel suicide bomber blew himself up inside a crowded opposition party office, killing a former army general and 26 others.
    (AP, 10/6/08)

2008        Oct 9, A suspected Tamil Tiger suicide bomber blew himself up near a convoy carrying a senior Sri Lankan Cabinet minister, wounding his deputy and at least six others. One bystander was killed and a wounded person died in the hospital.
    (AP, 10/9/08)(SFC, 10/10/08, p.A17)

2008        Oct 11, In Sri Lanka fighting around Kilinochchi killed 26 rebels and two soldiers in two separate clashes. Other battles in Welioya and Vavuniya killed four rebels.
    (AP, 10/12/08)

2008        Oct 12, Sri Lanka’s soldiers destroyed three bunkers and captured four others after battles that killed 15 rebels near their administrative capital of Kilinochchi. Separate clashes in the same area killed four rebels and one soldier. In the northern Jaffna peninsula, troops killed four rebels along the front lines while a rebel mortar attack killed two soldiers. Clashes in Mullaitivu killed four rebels and wounded one soldier.
    (AP, 10/13/08)

2008        Oct 13, In Sri Lanka fighting in the Kilinochchi region killed 11 rebel fighters and two soldiers. Fighting in Jaffna, Vavuniya and Mullaittivu killed nine other rebels.
    (AP, 10/14/08)
2008        Oct 13, Swiss authorities said they have found high concentrations of melamine in biscuits from Thailand and Sri Lanka and have called on other European countries to withdraw the products.
    (AP, 10/13/08)

2008        Oct 14, In Sri Lanka government forces pounded rebel defenses with airstrikes and ground assaults. Heavy fighting across the north killed 49 Tamil Tiger fighters and 7 soldiers. TamilNet reported that 3 soldiers were killed in the government–controlled east.
    (AP, 10/15/08)(SFC, 10/15/08, p.A5)

2008        Oct 15, In Sri Lanka air force jets bombed a group of rebels who were building an earthen embankment as a defense against advancing government forces in Mullaitivu.
    (AP, 10/15/08)

2008        Oct 16, Sri Lankan troops captured the rebel-held town of Maniyakkulam, in the island's north following heavy fighting that killed a large group of guerrillas.
    (AFP, 10/17/08)

2008        Oct 20, The Sri Lankan government admitted that scores of its troops had been killed or injured in fierce fighting with the Tamil Tigers, its biggest reported battlefield loss in months. Battles since Oct 18 had left 33 soldiers dead, three missing in action and 48 injured. The bodies of 11 rebels were recovered from the battlefield.
    (AFP, 10/20/08)

2008        Oct 22, In Sri Lanka the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) rammed explosives-laden boats against the MV Ruhuna and MV Nimalawa which were supplying the besieged Jaffna peninsula in a pre-dawn attack. Officials said at least six members of the elite Black Sea Tiger suicide squad may have perished in the attack.
    (AP, 10/22/08)

2008        Oct 28, In Sri Lanka the Tamil Tigers' rudimentary air force bombed a power station on the outskirts of Colombo. The bombing damaged some turbines at the power station. A worker hospitalized after the attack died the next day.
    (AP, 10/29/08)

2008        Oct 29, Sri Lankan troops captured a small village in northern Sri Lanka, pushing ahead with their offensive against the Tamil Tigers hours after the rebel group launched a brazen airstrike on the capital.
    (AP, 10/29/08)

2008        Nov 1, Sri Lanka's defense ministry said its warships sank at least four rebel boats and killed at least 14 guerrillas while the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) said they destroyed a navy fast attack craft and a hovercraft. Security forces took control of a two-kilometer (1.25-mile) rebel bunker line north of Kilinochchi amidst heavy fire.
    (AFP, 11/1/08)

2008        Nov 15, Sri Lanka's president asked Tamil Tigers to surrender after troops claimed re-taking Pooneryn, a strategically-important town from the separatists, following months of heavy fighting. Army troops destroyed 16 rebel bunkers in the Mullaitivu district and fought a series of battles in the rebel stronghold of Kilinochchi, inflicting "heavy casualties" on the guerrillas.
    (AP, 11/15/08)

2008        Nov 16, Sri Lanka's air force pounded the Tamil Tiger rebels' main northern defense line in the Muhamalai area of Jaffna peninsula.
    (AP, 11/16/08)

2008        Nov 17, Sri Lankan troops captured the strategic towns of Mankulam, Pannikankulam, and Kumalamunai from Tamil Tiger rebels following fierce fighting in the north of the island.
    (AP, 11/17/08)

2008        Nov 18, Sri Lankan naval forces backed by helicopter gunships attacked a group of rebel boats, sinking two and killing six Tamil Tiger sailors. Sri Lankan air force jets bombed a rebel training camp in the north as ground forces waged new battles with Tamil Tiger rebels across the front lines.
    (AP, 11/18/08)(AP, 11/19/08)

2008        Nov 20, Sri Lanka's military said that it smashed a key Tamil Tiger defense line in the island's far north and seized an airfield, putting new pressure on the shrinking jungle mini-state.
    (AFP, 11/20/08)

2008        Nov 23, In Sri Lanka at least 27 soldiers were killed and another 70 wounded in fresh fighting just outside Kilinochchi, the political capital of the Liberation Tigers (LTTE). Tamil Tiger rebels said they killed 43 Sri Lankan soldiers in the island's north, halting the government's march toward a strategic crossroads.
    (AFP, 11/24/08)(AP, 11/24/08)

2008        Nov 25, In eastern Sri Lanka 12 people, including three suspected Tiger rebels, were killed in fresh violence. Heavy fighting raged on three fronts around the northern town of Kilinochchi, the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam's (LTTE) political headquarters.
    (AFP, 11/26/08)

2008        Nov 29, Officials in Sri Lanka said floods caused by days of heavy rains killed at least seven people, left four soldiers missing and displaced tens of thousands in insurgency-ravaged northern Sri Lanka.
    (AP, 11/29/08)

2008        Nov 30, Sri Lankan soldiers recaptured Kokavil, a key northern town near the headquarters of Tamil Tiger rebels, 18 years after the area was seized by the insurgents.
    (AP, 12/1/08)

2008        Dec 6, Sri Lanka's military captured a rebel-held village, bringing half of a main highway leading to the rebels' de facto capital of Kilinochchi under government control.
    (AP, 12/6/08)

2008        Dec 10, In northern Sri Lanka separatist Tamil rebels fought intense battles against government forces trying to advance on the militants' de facto capital, killing at least 89 soldiers. The military disputed the death toll, saying pitched battles in the north over the past two days had left 20 soldiers and 27 rebels dead.
    (AP, 12/11/08)

2008        Dec 12, In Sri Lanka clashes with troops left 10 rebels dead near their de facto northern capital.
    (AP, 12/13/08)

2008        Dec 13, Sri Lankan air force jets bombed Tamil separatists in the island's embattled north.
    (AP, 12/13/08)

2008        Dec 16, In northern Sri Lanka intense fighting left at least 25 government troops and 120 Tamil Tigers dead in ongoing battles for the rebels' political capital. The rebels said they forced the troops to retreat after a day of bloody battles, killing 170 soldiers and wounding more than 400 others.
    (AP, 12/16/08)(AP, 12/17/08)

2008        Dec 17, Sri Lankan fighter jets and attack helicopters pummeled rebel fortifications across the north, as government forces pushed ahead with their offensive against the Tamil Tigers' northern stronghold in the face of punishing seasonal rains and stiff rebel resistance.
    (AP, 12/17/08)

2008        Dec 19, Sri Lankan fighter jets and attack helicopters bombed rebel bunkers and a flotilla of boats in the northern war zone Friday as government troops breached another section of the Tamil Tigers defense fortifications.
    (AP, 12/19/08)

2008        Dec 21, Sri Lanka’s government said its troops captured the strategic village of Nedunkerni in the northeast. A pro-rebel report said Tamil Tiger rebels killed 60 Sri Lankan troops advancing toward their de facto capital. The government said 12 soldiers died.
    (AP, 12/21/08)

2008        Dec 22, Sri Lankan troops launched a major attack against Tamil rebel fortifications, sparking clashes that killed 57 insurgents and 10 soldiers. The Tamil Tigers said more than 100 soldiers were killed.
    (AP, 12/22/08)

2008        Dec 28, In Sri Lanka a suspected Tamil rebel suicide bomber killed at least seven troops and one civilian in a blast at a guard post near the Sri Lankan capital. Another 17 people, including four civilians, were wounded.
    (AP, 12/28/08)

2008        Dec 30, Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger separatists said are open to restarting peace talks with the government, despite the continuing military offensive aimed at crushing the group.
    (AP, 12/31/08)

2009        Jan 1, Sri Lanka said its forces have captured a key crossroads from Tamil Tiger rebels in the north and that it will seize the guerrillas' de facto capital within two days. The fighting killed 50 rebels and four soldiers. A roadside bomb blast blamed on the rebels killed two policemen on a foot patrol in the eastern region.
    (AP, 1/1/09)

2009        Jan 2, In northern Sri Lanka government forces captured the Tamil Tigers' de facto capital, dealing a devastating blow to the rebels' quarter-century fight for an independent state. A suspected Tamil Tiger suicide attacker on a motorcycle detonated a bomb near the air force headquarters in the heart of Colombo during the afternoon rush hour, killing two airmen.
    (AP, 1/2/09)

2009        Jan 3, Sri Lankan troops advanced on the military headquarters of the Tamil Tigers and engaged the rebels in fresh gun battles. At least three people were wounded in a bomb blast in Colombo.
    (AFP, 1/3/09)

2009        Jan 4, Sri Lanka’s rebel-affiliated TamilNet Web site reported that the insurgents stalled a military advance on the road to Mullaittivu, killing 53 soldiers and wounding 80 others.
    (AP, 1/5/09)

2009        Jan 5, Sri Lanka’s government troops captured a strategic Tamil Tiger-held town and moved closer to a key rebel base, as citizens raised flags and held a moment of silence to honor the military as it battles to end the country's 25-year-old civil war. The rebels, as well has hundreds of thousands of civilians displaced by the fighting, were confined to a jungle area slightly larger than the city of Los Angeles.
    (AP, 1/5/09)

2009        Jan 6, Sri Lankan forces overran the Tamil Tigers' northernmost defense line and took full control of Muhamalai, forcing the rebels to fall back about 600 yards to another defense line. Armed men attacked a private Sri Lankan television station, tossing hand grenades, shooting out TV screens and starting a fire that caused heavy damage. Reporters Without Borders said the attack follows accusations by state media that the Maharaja Organization's television and radio stations were not "patriotic" enough in their coverage of the government's recent victories.
    (AP, 1/6/09)

2009        Jan 7, Sri Lanka officially outlawed the Tamil Tigers, ruling out for now the possibility of peace talks to end a 25-year civil war.
    (WSJ, 1/8/09, p.A1)

2009        Jan 8, Sri Lankan troops captured an important Tamil Tiger base and pounded the rebels with air attacks, forcing the insurgents to withdraw deeper into the dwindling area that remains under their control. Gunmen on a motorcycle shot and killed Lasantha Wickrematunge, the editor of a Sri Lankan newspaper critical of the government, the second violent attack on media this week. Three days after he was gunned down execution-style, Wickrematunge's newspaper published a haunting, self-written obituary in which he says he was targeted for his writings and adds: "When finally I am killed, it will be the government that kills me."
    (AP, 1/8/09)(AP, 1/12/09)

2009        Jan 9, Sri Lankan troops captured Elephant Pass, the Tamil Tigers' last stronghold on the Jaffna peninsula, seizing control of a symbolic highway and isolating the retreating rebels in a shrinking slice of northeastern jungle. Government soldiers seized a rebel training camp near the village of Mulliyaweli, in Mullaitivu.
    (AP, 1/9/09)(AP, 1/11/09)

2009        Jan 10, In Sri Lanka government soldiers captured a guerrilla camp in the village of Aiyamperumal in Mullaittivu. A pro-rebel TamilNet Web site reported that four civilians were killed in a government artillery assault on a rebel-held village in Mullaitivu.
    (AP, 1/11/09)

2009        Jan 12, In Sri Lanka heavy fighting was reported around guerrilla-controlled Mullaittivu district, with troops seizing a rebel administration base, a training camp and a bunker line.
    (AFP, 1/13/09)

2009        Jan 14, Sri Lankan defense officials said troops have established total control over the northern peninsula of Jaffna after flushing out the last remaining pockets of rebel resistance.
    (AFP, 1/14/09)

2009        Jan 17, Sri Lanka’s Lieutenant General Sarath Fonseka said troops have almost completely cornered the Tamil Tigers in their northeastern jungle base and that the rebels' elusive supremo may already have fled the island.
    (AFP, 1/18/09)

2009        Jan 21, Sri Lanka's military declared a "safety zone" to enable some 250,000 trapped civilians to cross into government-controlled territory from the diminishing area held by Tamil Tiger rebels in the war-torn north.
    (AP, 1/21/09)

2009        Jan 22, The Sri Lankan military shelled a village and a makeshift hospital inside a government-declared "safe zone" for civilians in the north, killing at least 30 people and injuring scores of others, according to local health officials.
    (AP, 1/22/09)

2009        Jan 23, In Sri Lanka assailants on motorbikes attacked and wounded a newspaper editor and his wife as they drove to work, the latest in a string of assault on journalists.
    (AP, 1/23/09)

2009        Jan 25, Sri Lankan troops overran the last town controlled by Tamil rebels, striking a major blow in Asia's longest-running ethnic conflict.
    (AFP, 1/25/09)

2009        Jan 26, A UN spokesman in Colombo said dozens of civilians have been killed in Sri Lanka's embattled north during ongoing heavy fighting between government troops and Tamil rebels. At least 10 civilians were killed today inside an area declared as a "safety zone." Over the weekend, dozens of people were killed or wounded.
    (AFP, 1/26/09)

2009        Jan 27, In Sri Lanka a health official alleged that at least 300 civilians were wounded and scores feared killed by Sri Lankan army artillery shells fired into a designated "safe zone" for ethnic Tamils trapped by fighting between the military and Tamil rebels.
    (AP, 1/27/09)

2009        Jan 28, Sri Lankan forces fought their way into another village still held by Tamil Tiger rebels, as neighboring India raised fears for civilians caught up in the war.
    (AFP, 1/28/09)

2009        Jan 29, In Sri Lanka UN workers evacuated hundreds of severely wounded civilians from behind rebel lines as government troops fought to secure final victory over the Tamil Tigers. Up to 250,000 civilians were trapped in the combat zone in the northeast of the island.
    (AFP, 1/29/09)

2009        Jan 30, Sri Lanka rejected growing international calls for a ceasefire amid fears for the safety of 250,000 civilians trapped as the military pushed for victory against Tamil rebels.
    (AFP, 1/30/09)

2009        Jan - 2009 May, A UN report in 2011 found that tens of thousands were killed in Sri Lanka during this period. They were mostly civilian casualties caused by government shelling.
    (Econ, 4/30/11, p.46)

2009        Feb 1, Sri Lanka's army declared that rescuing civilians trapped by its offensive against Tamil Tiger rebels is now one of its top priorities, and said it captured two camps used by suicide squads. Shells hit a crowded hospital in the northeast combat zone, killing at least nine people.
    (AP, 2/1/09)(AFP, 2/2/09)

2009        Feb 2, In Sri Lanka rare images of suffering civilians trapped in the war zone emerged: Dead parents still cradling their children. A teenage boy with no arms crying in despair. A severely crowded hospital with many patients lying on mats under already full beds.
    (AP, 2/2/09)

2009        Feb 3, In Sri Lanka patients who could walk fled one of last functioning hospitals in the northern war zone after it was hit by artillery shells, while the Red Cross negotiated for the evacuation of those severely wounded. The military said it captured the Tamil Tigers' seventh and final airstrip, effectively grounding their tiny air force.
    (AP, 2/3/09)

2009        Feb 4, Sri Lanka's president said that the Tamil Tiger rebels are on the verge of defeat, but dozens of civilians were reported killed as fierce fighting continued in Asia's longest-running civil war. The last hospital in Sri Lanka's shrinking war zone was evacuated as Red Cross staff and wounded civilians fled attacks that apparently included cluster munitions. At least 52 civilians were killed by shelling in the war zone.
    (AFP, 2/4/09)(AP, 2/4/09)(WSJ, 2/5/09, p.A1)

2009        Feb 5, Sri Lanka's prime minister rejected calls for a cease-fire from donor countries concerned by reports of growing civilian casualties in the South Asian nation's civil war and instead demanded the Tamil Tiger rebels' unconditional surrender.
    (AP, 2/5/09)

2009        Feb 8, In Sri Lanka an official said more than 15,000 civilians have fled the northern war zone over the last three days, as government forces appeared poised to crush the separatist Tamil Tigers.
    (AP, 2/8/09)

2009        Feb 9, In Sri Lanka a woman with a bomb strapped to her body hid in a crowd of civilians at a refugee camp in Vishvamadu, blowing herself up and killing 29 people as security forces frisked people fleeing the northern war zone.
    (AP, 2/9/09)(SFC, 2/10/09, p.A6)(Econ, 2/14/09, p.52)
2009        Feb 9, In Sri Lanka 9 bodies were dumped on farmland in the northerly district of Mullaitivu after they were killed in an army multi-barrel shell attack. The grave was discovered in 2014. Another mass grave was reported to be 200 meters away.
    (Reuters, 3/2/14)

2009        Feb 10, Sri Lanka's military spokesman Udaya Nanayakkara said Tamil Tiger guerrillas shot dead 19 civilians and wounded 75 others fleeing territory still under rebel control. The Red Cross loaded some 240 sick and wounded onto a boat to evacuate them from the war zone. The Red Cross said at least 16 patients at a makeshift hospital were killed by shelling.
    (AFP, 2/10/09)(AP, 2/10/09)(SFC, 2/11/09, p.A2)

2009        Feb 12, Sri Lanka's army disbanded the mostly ineffective "safe zone" it had established in the war-wracked north and set up a new refuge for the tens of thousands of civilians still trapped. A Sri Lankan (26) set himself on fire outside the UN complex in Geneva in apparent protest against the military campaign. A five-page letter found near his body identified the man as a Tamil who had been living in Britain.
    (AP, 2/12/09)(AP, 2/14/09)

2009        Feb 13, In Sri Lanka the top health official said artillery shelling and gunbattles between government forces and Tamil Tiger rebels were killing about 40 civilians every day and wounding more than 100 others inside Sri Lanka's war zone.
    (AP, 2/13/09)
2009        Feb 13, In the southern Philippines 9 gunmen snatched a Sri Lankan peace activist from his home, the latest in a wave of kidnappings blamed on al-Qaida-linked militants.
    (AP, 2/13/09)

2009        Feb 14, In Sri Lanka a suspected Tamil Tiger rebel hurled a hand grenade at a bus full of war-displaced refugees, killing a woman and wounding 13 others.
    (AP, 2/14/09)

2009        Feb 16, The UN said Tamil Tiger guerrillas have prevented tens of thousands of civilians from leaving Sri Lanka's war zone and those trying to escape have been "shot and sometimes killed."
    (AP, 2/16/09)

2009        Feb 17, The UN agency for children said Sri Lanka's Tamil Tigers have stepped up conscription of child soldiers, as the rebels prepare to face a final onslaught by the military. Tamil politicians accused the Sri Lankan government of ignoring the safety of tens of thousands of civilians in its campaign to wipe out the Tamil Tiger rebels, saying more than 2,000 noncombatants have been killed in the recent fighting.
    (AFP, 2/17/09)(AP, 2/17/09)

2009        Feb 18, In Sri Lanka government artillery attacks and air raids inside the northern war zone killed at least 38 civilians and wounded 140 others.
    (AP, 2/18/09)

2009        Feb 19, In southern India lawyers sympathetic to Sri Lankan rebels set fire to a police station in Chennai and clashed with police leaving 20 polcie injured.
    (WSJ, 2/20/09, p.A12)

2009        Feb 20, Tamil Tiger rebel pilots on a kamikaze mission crashed their planes in the Sri Lankan capital, killing two people.
    (AP, 2/21/09)

2009        Feb 21, In eastern Sri Lanka a group of Tamil rebels stormed a village, killing two ethnic Sinhalese farmers and wounding 15 others.
    (AP, 2/21/09)
2009        Feb 21, In India Sivaprakasam (60), a former civil servant, burned himself to death in Tamil Nadu to protest Sri Lanka’s campaign against the Tamil Tiger rebels. His was the 5th Tamil Nadu suicide by fire this year.
    (Econ, 2/28/09, p.46)

2009        Feb 23, Sri Lanka's Tamil rebels, facing likely defeat on the battlefield, appealed for a cease-fire, a call immediately rejected by the government. Rebels said more than 30 civilians were killed and many more injured as the government advanced on Puthukkudirirppu.
    (AP, 2/23/09)(AP, 2/24/09)

2009        Feb 24, Sri Lanka’s government troops advanced on the last urban area in the north still in the hands of Tamil Tiger rebels. The defense ministry said 13 bodies of rebel fighters were recovered. The LTTE  said 10 civilians were killed and 25 injured when troops fired artillery guns at the densely populated Puttumattalan.
    (AFP, 2/24/09)

2009        Feb 25, In Sri Lanka troops fought on the outskirts of the last town under rebel control. Aid groups estimated that more than 200,000 people were trapped in a small strip of rebel-held territory.
    (AP, 2/25/09)

2009        Feb 27, In Sri Lanka government forces drove deeper into the Tamil Tigers' dwindling stronghold, confining the rebel group that once controlled a vast swath of northern Sri Lanka to an area smaller than Manhattan.
    (AP, 2/27/09)

2009        Mar 3, In Pakistan at least a dozen men ambushed Sri Lanka's cricket team with rifles, grenades and rocket launchers as they drove to the stadium ahead of a match in Lahore, killing 6 policemen and a driver. The attackers melted away into the city. None were killed or captured.
    (AP, 3/3/09)

2009        Mar 4, The UN described the war zone in northern Sri Lanka as an "unfolding humanitarian catastrophe," where civilians were trapped and dying because they lacked food and medicine.
    (AP, 3/4/09)

2009        Mar 5, Sri Lanka offered a new safe passage for thousands of civilians trapped in the island's war zone as a local Red Cross employee was killed while helping non-combatants leave the area.
    (AP, 3/5/09)

2009        Mar 6, The Sri Lankan government appealed for tens of thousands of civilians to flee the northern war zone and said it would open two safe passages for the exodus. Sri Lankan soldiers assailed the last slice of land still controlled by ethnic Tamil separatists, killing at least 32 rebels in Mullaitivu.
    (AP, 3/6/09)(AP, 3/7/09)

2009        Mar 7, In Sri Lanka more than 100 Tamil Tiger rebels were killed in two days of fighting as they tried to break a military stranglehold.
    (AFP, 3/8/09)

2009        Mar 9, The Sri Lankan military said its troops had killed at least 250 Tamil Tigers during a weekend of fierce fighting around the rebels' shrinking fiefdom in the northeast of the island.
    (AP, 3/9/09)

2009        Mar 10, In southern Sri Lanka a rebel suicide bomber attacked a procession of Muslims celebrating a religious holiday, killing 15 people and critically wounding Postal Services Minister Mahinda Wijesekera (66).
    (AP, 3/10/09)(AFP, 3/11/09)

2009        Mar 11, Sri Lanka’s military killed Sabaratnam Selvathurai, a senior rebel leader, in fighting in Puthukkudiyiruppu, the last town held by the rebels.
    (AP, 3/12/09)

2009        Mar 12, The Sri Lankan army seized the last remaining medical facility held by separatist Tamil Tiger rebels in the north of the island. The army estimated that fewer than 500 Tigers were still fighting, although they had also forced some civilians to fight as well.
    (AP, 3/12/09)

2009        Mar 15, Sri Lanka’s government forces overran a former Tamil Tiger police post, killing at least nine rebels and raising to 41 the number killed in weekend fighting.
    (AFP, 3/15/09)

2009        Mar 21, In Sri Lanka more than 1,100 civilians fled the war zone as government troops fought to wipe out separatist Tamil Tiger rebels.
    (AFP, 3/22/09)

2009        Mar 22, In Sri Lanka the military said it had killed two rebel leaders during fighting in the northeast of the island, where the LTTE guerrillas are cornered.
    (AFP, 3/22/09)

2009        Mar 24, Sri Lanka's military accused "a vicious coalition" of international aid groups of harboring terrorists and seeking to prolong the island's civil war for economic gain.
    (AP, 3/24/09)

2009        Mar 25, Sri Lanka's military repulsed a Tamil Tiger counterattack in the north of the island and killed at least 30 of the rebels.
    (AP, 3/26/09)

2009        Mar 26, In Sri Lanka more than 2,100 civilians fled in one day from the northern war zone where the military is squeezing the Tamil Tiger rebels into a smaller area as it pushes to end 25 years of civil war. in New York, John Holmes, the UN's top humanitarian official, said the international organization estimated 150,000 to 190,000 civilians were trapped by the fighting and unable to escape, resulting in dozens of deaths each day.
    (AP, 3/27/09)

2009        Mar 27, Sri Lanka’s military said it had killed 29 rebels. 13 were reported killed in a battle near Puthkkudiyirippu, while army snipers killed another 16.
    (AP, 3/27/09)

2009        Mar 29, In Sri Lanka heavy ground battles between the army troops and the guerrillas left 29 rebels dead.
    (AP, 3/30/09)

2009        Mar 30, In Sri Lanka 26 rebels were killed in a sea battle off Chalai. Four boats belonging to the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam were sunk in the battle, which lasted about four hours before dawn. A leader of the Sea Tigers, the rebels' naval wing, was among the dead while one government sailor died and three were wounded.
    (AP, 3/30/09)

2009        Mar 31, Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels appealed again for a halt to fighting in their war against the government, though they denied they were on the brink of defeat despite being backed into an ever-shrinking pocket of land.
    (AP, 3/31/09)

2009        Apr 1, Sri Lanka’s government said more than 23,000 civilians escaped last month from the northern war zone, where the military appeared close to crushing the separatist rebels.
    (AP, 4/1/09)

2009        Apr 3, Sri Lankan troops captured Anandapuram, a key village from the Tamil Tigers, after heavy fighting that left at least 44 guerrillas dead. Police commandos killed 13 Tiger rebels in the eastern district of Ampara.
    (AFP, 4/3/09)

2009        Apr 5, Sri Lanka’s military said 3 days of intense fighting in the northeast has left 525 Tamil Tiger rebels dead and pushed the remaining guerrillas into a small "no-fire" zone crowded with tens of thousands of civilians. Woman rebel commanders Vidusha and Durga were reported to be among those killed.
    (AP, 4/5/09)(Econ, 4/11/09, p.38)

2009        Apr 7, UNESCO awarded the World Press Freedom Prize to Lasantha Wickrematunge, a murdered Sri Lankan journalist, whose self-written obituary accused the government of silencing him. His self-written obituary was published three days after his murder in early January, in which no arrests have been made.
    (AP, 4/7/09)

2009        Apr 9, Sri Lanka’s defense ministry said at least 10 Tiger rebels were killed in overnight fighting in Mullaittivu district, and accused the rebels of positioning their heavy weapons near civilian shelters. The pro-Tamil Tiger website Tamilnet.com said heavy shelling by the Sri Lankan army of a designated safe area had left 129 civilians dead and 282 wounded.
    (AFP, 4/9/09)

2009        Apr 12, Sri Lanka's president ordered government troops to halt their offensive against cornered Tamil rebels for two days to give tens of thousands of civilians a chance to escape the fighting.
    (AFP, 4/12/09)

2009        Apr 15, Sri Lankan forces attacked Tamil guerrillas with mortar fire, artillery and heavy machine guns following a two-day cease-fire aimed at letting civilians flee the war zone, a pro-rebel Web site reported. The government denied launching a new attack.
    (AP, 4/15/09)

2009        Apr 16, Sri Lankan troops backed by helicopter gunships attacked Tamil Tiger defenses in the northeast, a rebel-allied Web site reported, as international pressure grew for a new cease-fire to allow civilians to escape the fighting.
    (AP, 4/16/09)

2009        Apr 18, In Sri Lanka 17 rebels were killed and 22 wounded in offensives aimed at clearing new escape routes for the civilians and a road link for the military to enter the zone. According to the military more than 2,800 civilians were able to flee the war zone.
    (AP, 4/19/09)

2009        Apr 20, Sri Lanka’s military said some 35,000 civilians fled the last corner of territory held by the Tamil Tigers, as the government warned the rebels it would launch a final assault in 24 hours. According to Tamil rebels 1,000 civilians died in a government raid on their territory. The military denied the accusation saying only 17 civilians were killed and that they died in rebels suicide bombing. Over the next 9 days some 114,520 civilians fled the area.
    (AP, 4/20/09)(AP, 4/21/09)(Econ, 5/2/09, p.44)
2009        Apr 20, Thousands of Tamils blocked some of London's busiest roads, demonstrating outside the Houses of Parliament for an immediate ceasefire in the war between Tamil rebels and Sri Lanka's government.
    (AFP, 4/20/09)

2009        Apr 21, Sri Lanka’s military said 52,000 had escaped the war zone.
    (AP, 4/21/09)

2009        Apr 22, Two Tamil Tiger officials surrendered to the Sri Lankan army, and refugees joined a stream of more than 80,000 people the government says have fled a war zone that appeared to shrink by the hour.
    (AP, 4/22/09)

2009        Apr 23, Sri Lanka pleaded for international help after Doctors Without Borders warned that civilian casualties are rising rapidly in the country's war zone despite the exodus of more than 100,000 people. 15 people were killed when shells hit a Roman Catholic church, wounding a priest whose leg was amputated.
    (AP, 4/23/09)

2009        Apr 25, In Sri Lanka the Tamil Tiger rebels warned that tens of thousands of civilians trapped in the northern war zone are facing starvation, as the UN sent its top humanitarian official to assess the crisis.
    (AP, 4/25/09)

2009        Apr 26, Facing imminent battlefield defeat, Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels declared a unilateral cease-fire and called on the government to halt its offensive to spare the tens of thousands of civilians trapped by the fighting.
    (AP, 4/26/09)

2009        Apr 27, The Sri Lankan government, under intense pressure to prevent civilian deaths, said it would immediately stop airstrikes and artillery attacks but rejected calls for a cease-fire in its war against the Tamil Tiger rebels.
    (AP, 4/27/09)

2009        Apr 28, A Sri Lanka rebel-linked Web site and a doctor in the region said government forces pounded rebel territory with a fierce artillery barrage, a day after the government pledged to stop using heavy weapons to prevent civilian casualties.
    (AP, 4/28/09)

2009        Apr 29, In Sri Lanka the visiting French and British foreign ministers urged Sri Lanka to accept a cease-fire in its war with ethnic Tamil rebels, saying it needed to act quickly to save the lives of civilians in the war zone.
    (AP, 4/29/09)

2009        Apr 30, Sri Lanka's president rejected international appeals for a cease-fire in his nation's bloody civil war, as the Tamil Tiger rebels vowed never to surrender to the advancing government forces.
    (AP, 4/30/09)

2009        May 1, Sri Lanka's government dropped leaflets across the northern war zone urging civilians to flee the fighting amid accusations the military pounded the area with artillery shells that killed at least 10 civilians.
    (AP, 5/1/09)

2009        May 2, In Sri Lanka a government doctor and a rebel-linked Web site said artillery shells hit a makeshift hospital in Sri Lanka's northern war zone, killing at least 64 civilians.
    (AP, 5/2/09)

2009        May 4, Sri Lankan forces battled Tamil Tiger insurgents, pushing deeper into rebel-held territory amid a report that navy gunboats heavily shelled an area packed with civilians.
    (AP, 5/4/09)

2009        May 6, Sri Lanka’s Tamil Tiger rebels said intense fighting in the war zone was killing and wounding hundreds of civilians a day and asked for the UN to push for urgent food shipments to avert a hunger crisis.
    (AP, 5/6/09)

2009        May 9, Human Rights Watch accused Sri Lankan forces of repeatedly striking hospitals in the northern war zone with indiscriminate artillery and aerial attacks that have killed scores of people, a charge the military denied. Sri Lankan police arrested three journalists for London-based Channel 4 television news on charges of tarnishing the image of government security forces.
    (AP, 5/9/09)

2009        May 10, In Sri Lanka a government doctor said an all-night artillery barrage in the war zone killed at least 378 civilians and forced thousands to flee to makeshift shelters. Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels accused the government of killing more than 2,000 civilians in 24 hours of artillery attacks, but the military vehemently denied the allegations.
    (AP, 5/10/09)(AFP, 5/10/09)

2009        May 11, The UN condemned a "bloodbath" in Sri Lanka's northern war zone after two days of shelling that a government doctor said killed as many as 1,000 ethnic Tamil civilians, including 106 children.
    (AP, 5/11/09)

2009        May 12, Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels accused government forces of killing at least 47 people in an artillery and mortar attack on a hospital. The island's military denied the charges. The defense ministry said its troops had captured more ground in the latest fighting and had recovered 35 rebel bodies.
    (AFP, 5/12/09)

2009        May 13, In Sri Lanka shells hit the only hospital in the northern war zone, killing at least 50 people in the second such attack in two days. Medics at the makeshift facility said they were using brief lulls between explosions to tend to patients but had little to offer beyond gauze and bandages.
    (AP, 5/13/09)

2009        May 14, In Sri Lanka doctors and aides abandoned the only hospital in the war zone amid unrelenting shell attacks. The military said thousands of civilians braved rebel gunfire and fled across the front lines.
    (AP, 5/14/09)

2009        May 16, Sri Lankan forces seized control of the island's entire coastline for the first time in decades, sealing the Tamil Tigers in a tiny pocket of territory and cutting off the possibility of a sea escape by the rebels' top leaders.
    (AP, 5/16/09)

2009        May 17, The Tamil Tiger rebels admitted defeat in their 25-year-old war with the Sri Lankan government, offering to lay down their guns as government forces swept across their last strongholds in the northeast. The government rejected the last-ditch call for a cease-fire, saying the thousands of civilians trapped in the war zone all have escaped to safety and there was no longer any reason to stop the battle. Troops killed at least 70 rebels trying to escape the one-square km patch of land that government troops have surrounded.
    (AP, 5/17/09)

2009        May 18, Sri Lanka declared it had crushed the Tamil Tiger rebels, killing their chief, Velupillai Prabhakaran, along with top deputies, Soosai and Pottu Amman, and ending their three-decade quest for an independent homeland for minority Tamils. Diplomats in Brussels said the EU will endorse a call for an independent war crimes investigation into the killing of civilians in Sri Lanka. LTTE leaders Balasingham Nadesan and S. Puleedevan and their families were reportedly machine-gunned while advancing under a white flag. Defense Sec. Gotabhaya Rajapaksa, brother of the president, later said 6,261 soldiers had been killed in 3 years of fighting and that a total of 23,000 troops had died since October, 1981, when the insurgency began.
    (AP, 5/18/09)(Econ, 5/30/09, p.44)(Econ, 6/6/09, p.42)

2009        May 19, In London, England, a protest outside parliament turned violent early as relief agencies and governments called for urgent humanitarian aid after Sri Lanka announced defeat for Tamil Tiger rebels.
    (AFP, 5/19/09)

2009        May 20, Sri Lanka celebrated victory over the Tamil Tigers with a national holiday as the army hunted fugitive rebels, shooting dead 8 thought to have escaped from the final battle.
    (AFP, 5/20/09)

2009        May 21, Sri Lanka said it planned to return most of the nearly 300,000 civilians displaced by civil war to their homes this year as the president called on the country to be magnanimous in victory.
    (AP, 5/21/09)

2009        May 27, In Sri Lanka government troops killed 11 suspected guerrillas in the eastern jungles, where rebel holdouts were said to be entrenched.
    (SFC, 5/28/09, p.A2)

2009        May, Film evidence released in 2010 demonstrated graphically that the Sri Lankan army engaged in summary executions of prisoners during the final days of fighting. A five-minute video clip was aired by Britain's Channel 4 television in Nov 2010. Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International said the evidence warrants a UN investigation.
    (AP, 12/9/10)

2009        Jun 4, Sri Lanka's navy seized a foreign-owned ship loaded with medical, food and other supplies for war-hit civilians, saying the vessel had entered its territorial waters illegally.
    (AFP, 6/4/09)

2009        Jul 21, Sri Lanka welcomed a tentative agreement with the IMF for a 2.5-billion-dollar bailout as the country emerged from a near four-decade-long separatist war.
    (AFP, 7/21/09)

2009        Jul 24, The IMF approved a $2.6 billion loan to Sri Lanka.
    (Econ, 8/8/09, p.35)

2009        Aug 7, Sri Lankan authorities questioned Selvarasa Pathmanathan, former chief arms smuggler the new leader of the Tamil Tiger rebels, after he was arrested 2 days earlier in Southeast Asia and flown to Sri Lanka. Rebels said he was arrested in Kuala Lumpur.
    (AP, 8/7/09)

2009        Aug 8, Sri Lanka held local elections near an area once dominated by the Tamil Tiger rebels, but voters largely stayed away from the polls in the violence-scarred region. Voter turnout was 22% in Jaffna and 52% in Vavuniya, according to election monitors. The pro-Tiger Tamil National Alliance (TNA) scored unexpected success.
    (AP, 8/8/09)(Econ, 8/15/09, p.35)

2009        Aug 15, Sri Lanka's Roman Catholic leaders called for the release of ethnic Tamils held in military-run displacement camps, saying they are confined like prisoners behind barbed wire.
    (AP, 8/15/09)

2009        Aug 31, In Sri Lanka reporter J.S. Tissainayagam, singled out by President Barack Obama as an example of persecuted journalists around the globe, was sentenced to 20 years in prison on charges of violating the country's harsh anti-terror law. He was arrested in March, 2008, and indicted five months later under the anti-terror law.
    (AP, 8/31/09)

2009        Sep 7, The UN’s Children's Fund reacted furiously to Sri Lanka's decision to expel its spokesman over his allegedly pro-rebel stance in the final stages of the island's ethnic war. James Elder, communications chief for UNICEF in Sri Lanka, was accused by the government of issuing "propaganda" in support of the Tamil Tiger separatists before their defeat at the hands of government forces in May.
    (AFP, 9/7/09)

2009        Sep 11, Sri Lankan authorities sent home nearly 10,000 war refugees amid growing international concern for the nearly 300,000 Tamil civilians still detained in government-run camps.
    (AP, 9/11/09)

2009        Sep 26, In Sri Lanka soldiers fired on a group of war refugees trying to flee a camp in the north of the island, wounding two.
    (AP, 9/27/09)

2009        Oct 2, In Sri Lanka a schoolgirl (12) was killed by a car bomb in northwestern Sri Lanka that also wounded 12 others, mostly students who were about to travel in the vehicle.
    (AP, 10/2/09)

2009        Oct 16, Canada detained the rusting merchant vessel named Ocean Lady, believed to be trying to smuggle 76 migrants from Sri Lanka onto its Pacific coast at Vancouver Island.
    (Reuters, 10/17/09)

2009        Oct 19, Sri Lankan shares tumbled after the US slapped fraud charges on Raj Rajaratnam (52), a billionaire Sri Lankan-born hedge fund manager, whose investments in the island came under a fresh "review." Rajaratnam had admitted funding the Tamils Rehabilitation Organization (TRO) soon after the December 2004 tsunami. The TRO was outlawed as a front of the separatist Tamil Tigers in both Sri Lanka and the United States in 2007.
    (AFP, 10/19/09)

2009        Oct 22, In Sri Lanka more than 4,000 ethnic Tamils displaced by civil war left government-run camps, the latest to be released amid international criticism that Sri Lanka is moving too slowly to let thousands of others go.
    (AP, 10/22/09)

2009        Nov 21, Sri Lanka said it would grant free movement to the remaining war-displaced civilians held in internment camps, meeting a key demand of the international community. The government reiterated it would complete the resettlement of civilians by the end of January.
    (AFP, 11/21/09)

2009        Dec 1, Sri Lanka gave permission to nearly 127,000 Tamil refugees to leave squalid and overrun government camps where they have been detained since the country's civil war ended six months ago.
    (AP, 12/1/09)

2009        Dec 12, In Thailand 4 Kazakhs and a Belarusian were detained and their New Zealand registered aircraft impounded after it landed in the Thai capital with tons of war weaponry on board that originated in North Korea. The Ilyushin 76 transport from Kazakhstan was allegedly traveling from North Korea to Sri Lanka when it asked to land in Bangkok to refuel. According to a flight plan seen by arms trafficking researchers, the aircraft was chartered by Hong Kong-based Union Top Management Ltd. to fly oil industry spare parts from Pyongyang to Tehran, Iran, with several other stops, including Bangkok, Colombo in Sri Lanka, Azerbaijan and Ukraine. A New Zealand shell company, SP Trading Ltd., had leased the airplane.
    (AP, 12/12/09)(AP, 12/23/09)(AP, 1/22/10)

2009        Dec 26, Berlin-based Transparency International said nearly half a billion dollars in tsunami aid for Sri Lanka is unaccounted for and over 600 million dollars has been spent on projects unrelated to the Dec 26, 2004, tsunami disaster.
    (AFP, 12/26/09)

2010        Jan 7, A top UN human rights investigator said video footage purportedly showing troops shooting blindfolded, naked Tamils in the final months of Sri Lanka's civil war, appeared to be authentic. The video, reportedly shot by a soldier with a mobile phone, revived calls for a war crimes investigation and cast a shadow over the upcoming presidential elections.
    (AP, 1/8/10)

2010        Jan 9, In Sri Lanka more than 700 former Tamil Tiger rebels were reunited with family members after months in rehabilitation camps since the country's decades-long civil war ended last year.
    (AP, 1/9/10)

2010        Jan 12, In Sri Lanka Gunmen opened fire on a bus carrying supporters of the main opposition presidential candidate, killing one political activist.
    (AFP, 1/12/10)

2010        Jan 22, In Sri Lanka a key opposition activist was targeted at home by a bomb attack blamed on the ruling party as violence escalated ahead of next week's presidential election.
    (AFP, 1/22/10)

2010        Jan 25, In New York 2 Canadian men who pleaded guilty to conspiring to buy anti-aircraft missiles and other equipment for the Tamil Tigers rebel group in Sri Lanka were sentenced to 25 years in a US prison. Thiruthanikan Thanigasalam (41) and Sahilal Sabaratnam (30) were among four men arrested in Long Island, New York, in 2006 in an FBI sting operation as they tried to buy surface-to-air missiles, missile launchers and hundreds of AK-47 assault rifles to be used against Sri Lankan forces.
    (Reuters, 1/26/10)

2010        Jan 26, Sri Lankans voted between two Sinhalese war heroes, the president and his former army chief, in an election that could be decided by minority Tamils, who suffered most from the government offensive to end the civil conflict. President Mahinda Rajapaksa won a resounding re-election victory.
    (AP, 1/26/10)(AP, 1/27/10)

2010        Jan 27, In Sri Lanka the election commission declared Pres. Rajapaksa the winner with 57.8% of the vote to Sarath Fonseka's 40%. Rajapaksa beat back a challenge from his former army chief, who rejected the official results and said he feared arrest as troops surrounded his hotel. Dayanada Dissanayake, the distraught election commissioner, said the state media violated guidelines he had crafted, government institutions behaved in a way that embarrassed him, and he pleaded to be allowed to resign his post.
    (AP, 1/27/10)

2010        Jan 29, In Sri Lanka police raided the office of defeated presidential candidate Sarath Fonseka and arrested 15 of its workers as monitors and rights groups criticized the Sri Lankan election that returned President Mahinda Rajapakse to power.
    (AFP, 1/29/10)

2010        Jan 30, In Sri Lanka police shut down the offices of an opposition newspaper, as international rights groups accused the authorities of a vendetta against critical media. The chief editor was arrested. A court lifted a ban on the paper on Feb 1. On Feb 16 the chief editor of the pro-opposition Lanka newspaper, Chandana Sirimalwatte, was ordered to be released from police custody because there was no evidence against him.
    (AFP, 1/30/10)(AFP, 2/16/10)

2010        Feb 3, In Sri Lanka thousands of opposition supporters took to the streets of the capital to protest the results of the recent presidential election, which they say was marred by fraud.
    (AP, 2/3/10)

2010        Feb 8, In Sri Lanka opposition politician Rauff Hakeem said former army chief and defeated presidential candidate Sarath Fonseka has been detained on sedition charges.
    (AP, 2/8/10)

2010        Feb 9, Sri Lanka's president dissolved the parliament, setting the stage for new elections a day after authorities arrested the leader of the opposition, a move analysts said was meant to prevent him from contesting the vote. The opposition called for countrywide protests after its defeated presidential candidate was arrested for allegedly plotting to overthrow the government while serving as army commander.
    (AP, 2/9/10)

2010        Feb 10, In Sri Lanka opposition supporters protesting the arrest of their defeated presidential candidate scuffled with government-backers on the streets of Colombo before police fired tear gas and broke up the clashes.
    (AP, 2/10/10)

2010        Feb 11, Sri Lankan police swinging batons dispersed a crowd protesting the detention of the defeated opposition presidential candidate, former army chief Sarath Fonseka, who appealed to his supporters for calm.
    (AP, 2/11/10)

2010        Feb 17, A court in Sri Lanka freed 14 men held on suspicion of plotting a coup with opposition leader and ex-army chief Sarath Fonseka.
    (AFP, 2/17/10)

2010        Mar 12, Sri Lanka's main ethnic Tamil party dropped its demand for an independent state and said it is ready to accept regional self-rule, following the defeat of separatist Tamil Tiger rebels in a 25-year civil war.
    (AP, 3/13/10)

2010        Apr 8, Sri Lankans voted in parliamentary elections. President Mahinda Rajapaksa's ruling coalition won the first postwar parliamentary elections further consolidating his political dominance after the battlefield defeat of the Tamil Tigers last year.
    (AP, 4/8/10)(AP, 4/9/10)

2010        Apr 9, Australia suspended refugee applications from Afghans and Sri Lankans, citing improved conditions in those countries. Human rights advocates expressed concern about the move and an immigrant group condemned it.
    (AP, 4/9/10)

2010        Apr 21, In Sri Lanka veteran politician Dissanayake Mudiyansalage Jayaratne took the oath of office as the country’s 20th prime minister.
    (AP, 4/21/10)

2010        Apr 22, Sri Lanka's detained former army chief, Sarath Fonseka, briefly emerged from custody for the opening of parliament and accused the government of planning to silence his "fight for democracy." He was briefly allowed out of custody to attend parliament, in which he won a seat in parliamentary elections two weeks ago.
    (AFP, 4/22/10)

2010        May 3, Sri Lanka's court of appeal suspended a court martial probing ex-army chief and defeated presidential candidate Sarath Fonseka who is charged with engaging in politics while in uniform.
    (AFP, 5/3/10)

2010        May 5, Sri Lanka's parliament voted to scale back tough state of emergency laws that were first introduced 27 years ago to deal with separatist Tamil rebels.
    (AFP, 5/5/10)

2010        Jun 9, Sri Lanka's President Mahinda Rajapakse began his first foreign trip to influential neighbor India since being re-elected, in a visit that drew protests from Indian Tamils.
    (AP, 6/9/10)

2010        Jun 17, The United Nations said it will set up a panel to probe war crimes in Sri Lanka despite repeated protests from the island's hawkish government.
    (AFP, 6/17/10)

2010        Jul 30, UNESCO added a region of mountainous forests in Sri Lanka and the Papahanaumokuakea archipelago off Hawaii to the World Heritage list. Florida's Everglades and Madagascar's tropical forest were added to the roll of endangered sites, which is meant to ring alarm bells and encourage protective measures.
    (AFP, 7/31/10)

2010        Aug 11, Canada said a cargo ship that may be carrying as many 500 migrants from Sri Lanka was nearing it's Pacific coast. The M.V. Sun Sea entered an economic zone within 200 miles of Vancouver Island and was being tracked by a Canadian navy warship.
    (Reuters, 8/11/10)

2010        Aug 13, In Sri Lanka a military court convicted former Sri Lankan army chief and presidential candidate Gen. Sarath Fonseka of involvement in politics while in service and stripped him of his rank and military honors.
    (AP, 8/13/10)
2010        Aug 13, In western Canada some 490 Sri Lankan asylum seekers, on board the MV Sun Sea cargo ship, arrived at a naval base escorted by a naval frigate and police helicopters.
    (Reuters, 8/13/10)

2010        Aug 19, Sri Lanka's ex-army chief called the government a "total dictatorship" and said that he will appeal his recent conviction by a military court, which he described as a political vendetta.
    (AP, 8/19/10)

2010        Aug 26, A Sri Lankan housemaid, L. T. Ariyawathi (49), was admitted to a hospital and planned to undergo surgery to remove 24 nails embedded in her body. Ariyawathi said her employer in Saudi Arabia had inflicted the injuries on her as a punishment. The woman traveled to Saudi Arabia in March and returned home last week, complaining of abuse by her employer.
    (AFP, 8/26/10)

2010        Sep 8, Sri Lanka's Parliament voted to eliminate term limits for the president, a move critics say could lead to dictatorship. Sri Lanka’s 1978 Constitution was amended for the 18th time giving the president more power and removing the bar on his serving more that two 6-years terms.
    (AP, 9/8/10)(Econ, 9/11/10, p.20)

2010        Sep 17, A Sri Lankan military court convicted Sarath Fonseka, the former army chief who ran for president on the opposition ticket, of fraud. He could be sentenced to jail time. Three containers filled with explosives meant for road construction detonated outside a police station in eastern Sri Lanka, killing 25 people, most of them police officers. Police the next day said Improperly stored detonators likely triggered the dynamite explosion.
    (AP, 9/17/10)(AP, 9/18/10)

2010        Oct 23, New Delhi Commonwealth Games organizers informed Sri Lanka that boxer Manju Wanniarachchi (30), Sri Lanka's only gold medalist at this month's games, had tested positive for the performance-enhancing steroid nandrolone.
    (AFP, 10/24/10)

2010        Nov 7, In Sri Lanka inmates resisting a search for prohibited items at a prison in Colombo wounded 46 police and five prison officials.
    (AP, 11/7/10)

2010        Nov 14, Sri Lanka officials said they are probing allegations that one of its nationals, a housemaid identified as D.M. Chandima employed in Jordan, was forced to swallow nails, in the third case involving alleged torture in three months.
    (AFP, 11/14/10)

2010        Dec 14, A Sri Lanka official said security forces have stepped up a campaign to arrest some 50,000 military deserters, after reports that absent soldiers were increasingly involved in crime.
    (AFP, 12/14/10)

2010        Dec 18, A Sri Lanka Cabinet minister backtracked saying the government will now allow a UN team to visit the country and share evidence gathered during an investigation into whether war crimes were committed during the final phase of the island's bloody civil war.
    (AP, 12/18/10)

2011        Jan 9, Sri Lanka's government said that at least nine people have been killed in floods and mudslides caused by heavy rain across the country. One person was reported missing and more than 55,000 people have become homeless and were housed in camps.
    (AP, 1/9/11)

2011        Jan 12, Sri Lanka's government says five more people have died in widespread floods and mudslides, pushing the death toll to 18 from days of heavy rains.
    (AP, 1/12/11)

2011        Jan 14, Sri Lanka’s Disaster Management Center said 27 people have died in the floods and mudslides, including four whose deaths were reported today. 12 more were missing. The UN said it will appeal for emergency flood aid for Sri Lanka.
    (AP, 1/14/11)(AP, 1/15/11)

2011        Jan 15, Sri Lanka’s Disaster Management Center said 11 more people were reported dead, raising the death toll to 38 with four others missing and 51 injured.
    (AP, 1/15/11)

2011        Jan 19, UN Assistant Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs Catherine Bragg launched a $51 million appeal to help Sri Lankans recover from deadly floods as she began a 3-day visit to the island.
    (AP, 1/19/11)

2011        Jan 31, In Sri Lanka a group of men broke into the offices of a website critical of the government and set fire to it. A journalist from the publication said that he suspected a government role in the attack.
    (AP, 1/31/11)

2011        Feb 4, In Sri Lanka a mob armed with clubs attacked opposition protesters who were marching toward a prison in Colombo to demand the release of former army commander Sarath Fonseka, the defeated presidential candidate from jail.
    (AP, 2/4/11)

2011        Feb 18, A senior UN official said 5,000 suspected ex-combatants remain in Sri Lankan camps 21 months after a quarter-century civil war ended.
    (AP, 2/18/11)

2011        Mar 10, Sri Lanka’s PM D.M. Jayaratne said remnants of the island’s defeated Tamil rebels are undergoing military training in India in a bid to revive their separatist campaign at home. The Indian government immediately rejected the claims.
    (AP, 3/10/11)

2011        Apr 21, Sri Lankan authorities repudiated a UN report that said as many as 40,000 civilians were killed in the 2008-2009 military offensive against the Tamil Tigers, and that most of them were killed by indiscriminate shelling.
    (SFC, 4/22/11, p.A2)

2011        May 1, In Sri Lanka floods, mudslides and lightning killed seven people in the southern part of the country.
    (AP, 5/2/11)

2011        May 17, India broke with past practice and called on Sri Lanka to investigate allegations of human rights abuses during the island's civil war, upping pressure on President Mahinda Rajapakse.
    (AFP, 5/17/11)

2011        May 30, In Sri Lanka police attacked workers protesting over proposed pension reforms in Katunayake, near the capital Colombo. The government had proposed taking over the provident fund savings of workers in the private sector and then paying them a smaller state pension in retirement. A man (22) was critically wounded at the protest and died on June 1.
    (AFP, 6/1/11)
2011        May 30, A UN human rights expert said gruesome new footage from the final days of Sri Lanka's civil war is authentic and proves war crimes took place there, challenging the government's claim that videos showing the army executing captured rebels in May 2009 are faked.
    (AP, 5/30/11)

2011        May 31, In Sri Lanka a 3-day seminar opened in Colombo with the aim of teaching the world how to defeat terrorism. Despite calls for a boycott 42 countries attended.
    (Econ, 6/4/11, p.52)

2011        Jun 1, Sri Lanka's police chief quit, taking responsibility for officers firing live bullets that killed one man and wounded more than 150 protesters near the capital this week.
    (AFP, 6/1/11)

2011        Jun 30, In Sri Lanka hundreds of people protested demanding to know the whereabouts of their family members abducted by "white van squads" allegedly operated by the government during the height of the country's civil war.
    (AP, 6/30/11)

2011        Jul 8, In Sri Lanka a magistrate agreed to a police request to detain a British citizen of Sri Lankan origin accused of causing "disrepute to the country and the army by providing alleged videos to Britain's Channel 4 television" for its documentary "Sri Lanka's Killing Fields."
    (AFP, 7/9/11)

2011        Jul 23, Voters in Sri Lanka's northern Tamil heartland trickled to polling stations to elect local councils following the country's long civil war. Election monitoring group Campaign for Free and Fair Elections said in a statement that uniformed men suspected to be members of the military were forcibly collecting voting cards apparently to rig the elections. It reported such incidents took place in 20 villages.
    (AP, 7/23/11)

2011        Jul 28, In Sri Lanka Pattani Razeek, managing trustee of non-governmental organization the Community Trust Fund, was exhumed by police after a tip-off from two suspects arrested in relation to the case. The prominent human rights activist has been missing since Feb 2010.
    (AFP, 7/29/11)

2011        Jul 29, In Sri Lanka about 1,000 deaf people took to the streets of capital Colombo to demand equal rights, social recognition and more sign language translators, with an official saying only about four are currently qualified.
    (AP, 7/29/11)

2011        Aug 1, Sri Lanka acknowledged for the first time that civilian casualties occurred in the final phase of its 26-year civil war against Tamil Tiger rebels, but called the deaths unavoidable.
    (AP, 8/1/11)

2011        Aug 9, In Sri Lanka wildlife groups announced they were withdrawing their support for an elephant count after Wildlife Minister S.M. Chandransena was quoted as saying 300 young elephants will be captured and handed over to Buddhist temples after the census. The groups had agreed to deploy about 200 volunteers to help the Wildlife Department count the animals.
    (AP, 8/9/11)

2011        Aug 11, Sri Lanka closed all its national parks to tourists for a 3-day census of elephants. Officials believed the Sri Lanka elephant population to be 5,000 to 6,000, down from an estimated 10,000 to 15,000 in the early 1900s.
    (AP, 8/12/11)

2011        Aug 23, Sri Lanka police carried out mass arrests in the northern Jaffna region after residents clashed with troops alleged to have protected so-called "grease devil" sex offenders.
    (AP, 8/23/11)

2011        Aug 25, Sri Lanka's Pres. Mahinda Rajapaksa announced plans to lift wartime emergency laws that have curbed civil and political liberties for most of the past 30 years.
    (AP, 8/25/11)

2011        Sep 1, Sri Lanka said it will still detain hundreds of terror suspects and outlaw the defeated rebel Tamil Tiger group despite lifting wartime emergency laws.
    (AP, 9/1/11)

2011        Sep 13, A Sri Lankan minister led a protest march that forced organizers to abandon an annual Hindu sacrifice ritual in which hundreds of goats were due to slaughtered. The grisly ritual, in which goats are decapitated in public using a large hatchet, was first banned in the 1980s but was revived as locals believe the animals' blood grants favors from the gods.
    (AFP, 9/13/11)

2011        Sep 24, Sri Lanka’s UN diplomat, Major General Shavendra Silva, was served with a summons at his New York residence. A civil case has been filed against Silva on behalf of two people whose relatives were killed in the final days of the conflict, which ended in a military onslaught against Tamil separatists in 2009. The Sri Lankan foreign ministry said Silva is protected by relevant international treaties on diplomatic relations.
    (AP, 9/27/11)

2011        Sep 30, Sri Lanka's government released nearly 1,800 former Tamil Tiger rebels who had been held since the island nation's civil war ended more than two years ago.
    (AP, 9/30/11)

2011        Oct 8, Sri Lanka presidential aide Bharatha Lakshman Premachandra and his bodyguard were shot dead in a gunbattle involving opposing factions of the ruling party during local council elections in the capital. Police said they were slain by a group led by ruling party legislator Duminda Silva, who was also critically wounded in the gunbattle.
    (AFP, 10/8/11)

2011        Oct 27, In Sri Lanka Mohamed Niyas, a Muslim astrologer, was taken away in a white van by a group of gun-toting men. His brutalized body was found 3 weeks later.
    (www.humanrights.asia/news/ahrc-news/AHRC-STM-202-2011)

2011        Nov 5, Sri Lanka warned websites to register with the authorities after the United States expressed deep concern over Colombo's blocking of a popular Internet-based dissident publication.
    (AFP, 11/5/11)

2011        Nov 7, Sri Lanka officials said five news websites have been blocked because they committed character assassination and insulted people including key political leaders.
    (AP, 11/7/11)

2011        Nov 11, Sri Lanka’s new law to nationalize "under utilized" private firms came into effect. Opposition and press said it could shatter investor confidence and push the country into authoritarian rule.
    (AFP, 11/13/11)

2011        Nov 18, In Sri Lanka former army chief Sarath Fonseka was sentenced to 3 more years in prison after he finishes his first sentence of 30 months ending Feb 2013, for reportedly implicating the defense secretary in war crimes at the end of the coutry’s civil war.
    (SFC, 11/19/11, p.A2)

2011        Nov 20, Reports said a Sri Lankan government probe into the civil war against Tamil rebels has called for further investigations of alleged war crimes committed in the final stages of fighting in 2009. The Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC), which has been widely criticized as biased by international rights groups, concluded that some evidence warranted a new inquiry.
    (AFP, 11/20/11)

2011        Nov 21, Sri Lanka announced a surprise three percent depreciation of the rupee against a basket of currencies in a move to boost exports, as it released a 2012 budget that boosts defense spending. Lawmakers from the ruling party attacked opposition members who were protesting inside Parliament as Pres. Mahinda Rajapaksa presented next year's budget.
    (AFP, 11/21/11)(AP, 11/21/11)

2011        Nov 23, Sri Lanka's Parliament approved the creation of a multiparty committee to recommend constitutional changes for ethnic reconciliation two years after a devastating civil war. However, a lawmaker from the largest party representing ethnic minority Tamils said it would not participate in the committee at this time because the recommendations of a previous committee had never been implemented.
    (AP, 11/23/11)

2011        Nov 25, In Sri Lanka a storm, high winds and floods left at least 19 people dead along the southern coast. 43 fishermen were missing.
    (AP, 11/25/11)(SFC, 11/26/11, p.A2)(AFP, 11/27/11)

2011        Nov 27, Sri Lanka's President Rajapakse unveiled the island's first expressway, linking the capital and the southern city of Galle, asserting that better road connectivity would remedy old separatist tendencies.
    (AFP, 11/27/11)

2011        Dec 3, The head of Sri Lanka's Roman Catholic church declared he will boycott state functions to protest against police allegations of child trafficking involving the Mother Teresa's Missionaries of Charity.
    (AFP, 12/3/11)

2011        Dec 9, In Sri Lanka political activists Lalith Kumar Weeraraj and Kugan Murugananthan went missing after they were intercepted by men on motorcycles in Jaffna.
    (Econ, 1/14/12, p.41)

2011        Dec 14, In Sri Lanka thousands of produce traders protested for a third day, halting business at the capital's central market over a new rule demanding that fruit and vegetables be transported in plastic baskets rather than sacks.
    (AP, 12/14/11)

2011        Dec 15, Sri Lankan authorities agreed to restore access to a news website that had been blocked with four others for more than a month over alleged insults and character assassination.
    (AP, 12/15/11)

2011        Dec 25, In Sri Lanka British tourist and Red Cross aid worker Khuram Shaikh (32) was murdered and his Russian girlfriend raped at the southern tourist resort of Tangalle. In 2014 Sampath Vidanapathirana, a ruling party politician, and three others were convicted and sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (SFC, 7/19/14, p.A2)

2011        Dec, Sri Lanka made public a report by Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC), a panel which probed why a 2002 truce collapsed. The 40-page report said civilians had died as a result of military action.
    (AFP, 2/15/12)

2011        Sri Lanka’s population was about 20 million.
    (AP, 7/29/11)

2012        Jan 3, In Sri Lanka Dinesh Buddhika Charitananda (25), an ethnic Sinhalese, was abducted. His body was found the following morning near a river in a Colombo suburb.
    (Econ, 1/14/12, p.42)

2012        Jan 7, Sri Lanka media said a moratorium on killing stray dogs has been lifted as the government attempts to cut down on the 2,000 people that are hospitalized every day after being bitten.
    (AFP, 1/7/12)

2012        Jan 13, Sri Lanka reacted furiously to a spate of "personalized" foreign postage stamps bearing the image of slain Tamil Tiger rebel supremo Velupillai Prabhakaran.
    (AFP, 1/13/12)

2012        Feb 2, Togo official Lt. Col. Yark Damehane said authorities are holding more than 150 Sri Lankan refugees who entered the West African nation en route to Canada. Damehane said most of the group arrived in Togo in 2011 and overstayed their one-week tourist visas.
    (AP, 2/2/12)

2012        Feb 3, The Central Bank of Sri Lanka hiked its benchmark lending rate by 50 basis points to 9.0%, the first rise since February 2007 when the rate was upped to 12.0% from 11.50%. It also asked commercial banks to reduce lending in the face of a trade deficit.
    (AFP, 2/3/12)

2012        Feb 11, Sri Lanka’s government increased fuel prices. The last night action led to protests across the country.
    (AP, 2/15/12)

2012        Feb 15, Sri Lanka's army agreed for the first time to probe war crime charges against its troops and investigate allegations of prisoner executions made in a British TV documentary.
    (AFP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 15, Sri Lankan police fired on fishermen protesting fuel price increases near Chilaw, killing one person and wounding three. Police used tear gas and water cannons to stop hundreds of opposition Marxist party activists who tried to march to the center of Colombo to protest fuel prices.
    (AP, 2/15/12)

2012        Feb 17, Sri Lanka police fired tear gas and water cannons to disperse thousands of protesters in the center of the capital protesting higher fuel prices.
    (AP, 2/17/12)

2012        Feb 27, In Sri Lanka thousands of people joined government-backed protests across the country against a proposed UN Human Rights Council resolution on alleged rights abuses during the country's civil war.
    (AP, 2/27/12)

2012        Feb 29, A US judge in Washington, DC, dismissed a lawsuit against Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapakse alleging he was responsible for torture by the armed forces, ruling that he has immunity as a head of state. District Judge Colleen Kollar-Kotelly ruled that while the plaintiffs have "shocking allegations" of abuse, the case cannot go forward under the US Torture Victim Protection Act of 1991.
    (AFP, 3/1/12)

2012        Mar 9, Sri Lanka issued a directive imposing censorship on security-related mobile phone messages despite the withdrawal last year of tough emergency laws following the end of its separatist war with Tamil rebels.
    (AFP, 3/12/12)
2012        Mar 9, Sri Lanka’s army said 3 soldiers were found shot dead after an argument between them in the Tamil-majority Jaffna peninsula.
    (AFP, 3/9/12)

2012        Mar 22, The UN Human Rights Council passed a resolution urging Sri Lanka to conduct a credible investigation into alleged war crimes committed during its battle against Tamil Tiger separatists in 2009.
    (AFP, 3/22/12)

2012        Mar 26, Sri Lanka said it will not implement all proposals from its civil war commission because the panel went beyond its mandate. A UN rights council has called for the report's implementation.
    (AP, 3/26/12)

2012        Apr 24, A UN mine removal expert said unexploded cluster munitions have been found in northern Sri Lanka, appearing to confirm, for the first time, that the weapons were used in that country's long civil war.
    (AP, 4/26/12)

2012        May 13, Sri Lankan authorities released information for the first time about thousands of people held under draconian anti-terror laws despite it being three years since Tamil rebels were crushed.
    (AFP, 5/13/12)

2012        May 18, Sri Lanka's president signed papers for the release of his jailed electoral foe, ex-army chief Sarath Fonseka (61), bowing to US-led pressure three years after the end of the island's long ethnic war. Fonseka was released on May 21.
    (AFP, 5/20/12)(AP, 5/21/12)

2012        May 22, Sri Lankan authorities seized 1.5 tons of African ivory marked as plastic waste and addressed to a buyer in Dubai. They informed the authorities in the United Arab Emirates and Kenya to take action against the shipper and the consignee.
    (AFP, 5/23/12)

2012        Jun 14, Sri Lanka's former army chief Sarath Fonseka, who was released from jail last month, renewed his fight with President Mahinda Rajapakse with a call to defeat his "corrupt" government.
    (AFP, 6/14/12)

2012        Jun 15, In Sri Lanka gunmen on motorcycles stormed a public meeting organized by the Marxist JVP, or People's Liberation Front, at the village of Katuwana and escaped after killing a woman and a 17-year-old boy and wounding many others.
    (AFP, 6/16/12)
2012        Jun 15, A top IMF official said Sri Lanka is seeking fresh help from the International Monetary Fund after drawing down a previous $2.6-billion bailout.
    (AFP, 6/15/12)

2012        Jun 21, Indonesian and Australian navies launched efforts to rescue survivors after a Sri Lanka refugee boat carrying about 200 people, mostly men from Afghanistan, capsized on its way to Christmas Island. Scores were feared drowned in an apparent attempt to seek asylum. 110 people were rescued and about 90 remained missing. On Jan 28 an Indonesian court sentenced Javaid Mahmood (55), a Pakistani man, for attempting to smuggle the asylum seekers. He was the 2nd man found guilty in the case.
    (AFP, 6/21/12)(AFP, 6/22/12)(SFC, 1/29/14, p.A2)

2012        Jun 29, Sri Lankan police arrested 9 journalists and seized computers and documents from the office of an independent news website.
    (AP, 6/29/12)

2012        Jul 14, Sri Lankan authorities arrested another 131 would-be asylum seekers heading to Australia and seized a fishing trawler used for the people-smuggling operation. The number of Sri Lankans detained on charges of illegally trying to leave the country has reached more than 250 over the last week.
    (AFP, 7/15/12)

2012        Jul 20, Sri Lanka completed a $2.6 billion IMF bailout, but sought fresh loans to support an economy emerging from decades of ethnic war. The original July 2009 IMF bailout was secured when the island's foreign reserves had dropped to a dangerously low level of $1 billion.
    (AFP, 7/21/12)

2012        Jul 28, Australian media reported that Sri Lankan navy officials have urged Australia to deport the growing number of boatpeople arriving from their country, saying it was the "best way" to deter people smugglers.
    (AFP, 7/28/12)

2012        Aug 20, Sri Lanka's navy stopped two Australia-bound trawlers carrying 83 would-be asylum seekers in the first detection since Canberra tightened restrictions on boat people.
    (AFP, 8/20/12)

2012        Aug 23, Sri Lanka’s education minister shut down indefinitely the country’s state universities and institutes following recent strikes. Academics were angry that the country spent only 1.9% of GDP on schools and universities.
    (Economist, 9/1/12, p.43)
2012        Aug 23, In Sri Lanka the rusting 15,000-ton Thmothrmopolyseara, a Cyprus-flagged carrier, went down after remaining anchored outside a Colombo harbor since 2009 following a dispute over its cargo of steel. An oil slick from the vessel reached the coast of Colombo on Aug 25 and threatened a beach resort popular with foreign tourists.
    (AFP, 8/25/12)

2012        Aug 25, Sri Lanka's navy detained 98 would-be asylum-seekers making for Australia, the largest group since Canberra tightened restrictions on boatpeople headed to its shores.
    (AFP, 8/25/12)

2012        Aug 30, Indonesian fishermen found 50 Sri Lankan asylum seekers, who were trying to reach Australia, on a boat with a broken engine and brought them ashore.
    (AFP, 9/1/12)

2012        Aug 31, Indonesian fishermen rescued 43 starving, dehydrated Sri Lankans who had been adrift in a boat for nine days after their engine broke down while trying to reach Australia to seek asylum.
    (AP, 8/31/12)

2012        Oct 7, In Sri Lanka 4 unidentified men assaulted Manjula Tillekeratne, the secretary of the Judicial Service Commission. In September she had alleged the efforts were being made to destroy the independence of the judiciary.
    (Economist, 10/13/12, p.50)

2012        Oct 17, In Sri Lanka Selvarasa Pathmanathan (57), a key suspect wanted over the assassination of Gandhi in May 1991, was released from detention. He had been arrested in 2009 in Malaysia for procuring weapons for the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.
    (SFC, 10/18/12, p.A4)

2012        Oct 27, Sri Lanka authorities arrested 14 people accused of hijacking a fishing boat and throwing its crew into the sea. Two fishermen  were rescued by other ships. 3 other crew members have not been found.
    (SSFC, 10/28/12, p.A3)

2012        Oct 31, A tropical storm slammed into southern India, bringing heavy rain and a storm surge and displacing 150,000 people. Six deaths were reported in India and Sri Lanka.
    (AP, 11/1/12)

2012        Nov 6, Sri Lanka made public charges against Chief Justice Shirani Bandaranayake involving misuse of her position and failing to adequately declare assets. Critics said it was an effort by Pres. Mahinda Rajapaksa to curb the independence of the judiciary. Parliament tabled her impeachment leaving the speaker, the president’s eldest brother, to appoint a committee to investigate allegations against her.
    (SFC, 11/9/12, p.A5)(Econ, 11/10/12, p.42)

2012        Nov 9, In Sri Lanka a shootout between rioting prisoners and security forces at the Welikada prison in Colombo killed at least 27 inmates. Police arrested five prisoners who had managed to escape and were searching for others. The opposition described the deaths as a cold-blooded massacre.
    (AP, 11/10/12)(SFC, 11/12/12, p.A2)

2013        Jan 9, Saudi authorities beheaded a Sri Lankan domestic worker for killing a Saudi baby in her care in 2005. Rizana Nafeek, 17 at the time of the killing, had denied strangling the 4-month-old boy.
    (AP, 1/9/13)(SFC, 1/10/13, p.A2)

2013        Jan 11, Sri Lanka's Parliament voted 155-49 to impeach Chief Justice Shirani Bandaranayake, deepening a standoff between the judiciary and the government, which is controlled by the country's most powerful family. Last month a parliamentary committee ruled that she had unexplained wealth and had misused her power.
    (AP, 1/11/13)

2013        Feb 26, Human Rights Watch said Sri Lankan security forces continue to use torture, rape and other forms of sexual violence against suspected members of the Tamil Tiger rebels and their supporters, nearly four years after the end of the country's civil war. The military denied the allegations.
    (AP, 2/26/13)

2013        Mar 21, For the second time in as many years, the UN's top human rights body approved a US-backed resolution calling on Sri Lanka to more thoroughly investigate alleged war crimes committed by both sides during the country's quarter-century civil war with the Tamil Tiger rebels.
    (AP, 3/21/13)

2013        Mar 27, A Sri Lanka judge announced that more than 150 human skulls and bones recovered from a mass grave Lanka were buried there about 25 years ago, strengthening suspicion that they belonged to suspected Marxist rebels killed at the time. The skeletal remains were found inside the premises of a government hospital dated to between 1987 and 1990.
    (AP, 3/27/13)

2013        Mar 29, In Sri Lanka Buddhists attacked a warehouse of the Fashion Bug chain near the Colombo as police stood by. The attack was filmed by a local television station whose cameraman was attacked by the mob in the most recent public outburst in a growing anti-Muslim campaign by Buddhist nationalist groups in the island nation.
    (www.youtube.com/watch?v=dIlmeQWicEM)(AP, 4/7/13)

2013        Apr 2, In India the film actors of Tamil Nadu held an anti-Sri Lanka hunger strike. Most of the state’s 72 million people are ethnic Tamils.
    (Econ, 4/6/13, p.51)

2013        May 24, In Sri Lanka Bowatte Indraratana (30) set himself on fire near the famed Temple of Buddha's Tooth Relic in the central town of Kandy. He soon died of severe burns after suffering injuries to over 95% of his body. Indraratana was the first monk to self-immolate in Sri Lanka. He allegedly killed himself because the authorities ignored his requests to ban the slaughter of cattle.
    (AP, 5/27/13)

2013        May 29, In China Sri Lanka’s Pres. Mahinda Rajapaksa met with Premier Li Keqiang in Beijing. Loans and declarations of profound friendship were secured.
    (Econ, 6/8/13, p.63)

2013        Jun 9, In Sri Lanka coastal areas the death toll from winds and monsoon rains rose to 27. The navy searched for 29 missing fisherman following the rains and winds that hit a day earlier.
    (SFC, 6/10/13, p.A2)

2013        Aug 10, In Sri Lanka a Buddhist mob attacked a mosque in Colombo and at least 12 people were injured, the latest in a series of attacks on the minority Muslim community by members of the Buddhist majority.
    (Reuters, 8/11/13)

2013        Aug, Sri Lanka’s Pres. Mahinda Rajapaksa ordered a new inquiry into missing people from the civil war. The Red Cross had counted 156,000 missing since 1990.
    (Econ, 3/8/14, p.44)

2013        Sep 21, Voters in Sri Lanka thronged polling stations in an election that threatened to rekindle animosity between the government and ethnic minority Tamils, four years after the military crushed separatists and ended a 26-year war. The main Tamil party won a whopping landslide in the first semi-autonomous council elections in the island's north after decades of ethnic war. The Tamil National Alliance (TNA) swept all five districts in the Northern Provincial Council
    (Reuters, 9/21/13)(AFP, 9/22/13)

2013        Nov 2, Jacqui Park, an Australian media rights activist, accused Sri Lankan officials of a "witch-hunt" against local journalists as she arrived back in Sydney after being detained in Colombo for two days.
    (AFP, 11/2/13)

2013        Nov 13, In Sri Lanka British television journalists, who have reported on war crimes allegations in Sri Lanka, were stopped from reaching the north of the country by some 100 pro-government demonstrators who blocked their train.
    (Reuters, 11/13/13)

2013        Nov 14, A Sri Lanka court banned protests in Colombo until the end of the Commonwealth summit, explaining that the move was intended to prevent traffic jams. Pres. Mahinda Rajapaks lashed out at reporters and critics who questioned his nation's human rights record.
    (AP, 11/14/13)

2013        Nov 15, In Sri Lanka Britain's Prince Charles formally opened a Commonwealth summit in Colombo. Its build-up has been dogged by a dispute over rights abuses at the end of Sri Lanka's ethnic war. Britain's PM David Cameron landed in the war-torn Jaffna region to meet victims of Sri Lanka's ethnic conflict after leaving the Commonwealth summit.
    (AFP, 11/15/13)

2013        Nov 16, Britain's PM David Cameron threatened to push for an independent international inquiry into allegations of war crimes at the climax of Sri Lanka's 26-year civil war if the island nation does not conduct its own probe by March 2014.
    (Reuters, 11/16/13)

2013        Nov 17, Commonwealth leaders meeting in Sri Lanka agreed on steps to tackle high debt and poverty as they staged a show of unity after a summit dominated by a bitter dispute over war crimes.
    (AP, 11/17/13)

2014        Jan 2, Canadian lawmaker  Rathika Sitsabaiesan said she was intimidated and warned she could be deported during an ongoing visit to her birthplace of Jaffna, the war-battered Tamil heartland of Sri Lanka.
    (AFP, 1/2/14)

2014        Jan 17, In northern Sri Lanka the discovery of a mass grave containing more than 30 skulls fuelled speculation that there may be many more like it containing the remains of thousands who went missing during the island nation's nearly three-decade war. Residents of Mannar said that the area was controlled mainly by the army from 1990.
    (Reuters, 1/17/14)

2014        Jan 28, In Sri Lanka thousands of protesters from opposition parties, human rights groups, trade unions and media groups marched in Colombo in a rare show of dissent against the government.
    (AP, 1/28/14)

2014        Feb 19, Sri Lanka's government said that it was considering a process similar to South Africa's post-apartheid Truth and Reconciliation Commission to heal the wounds of the island nation's decades-long civil war.
    (AP, 2/20/14)

2014        Mar 4, Sri Lanka's navy said it has detained 32 Indian fishermen who were fishing illegally in Sri Lankan territorial waters less than two months after the two countries agreed to work together to combat poaching.
    (AP, 3/4/14)

2014        Mar 8, Sri Lankan authorities said they have halted excavations after recovering 81 skeletal remains from an unmarked mass grave atop an old burial ground in the island's former war zone.
    (AFP, 3/8/14)

2014        Mar 13, Sri Lanka's police arrested Balendran Jeyakumari and referred her daughter Vithushaini (13) to child care officials. Jeyakumari had been vocal in calling for the release of her 15-year-old son, a child recruit of the Tamil Tiger rebels, whom she had handed to the military as fighting ended in 2009.
    (AP, 3/14/14)(SFC, 3/15/14, p.A2)

2014        Mar 17, Sri Lanka’s military said Ruki Fernando, a human rights adviser, and Praveen Mahesahn, a pastor and director of a rights group, have been arrested under the Prevention of Terrorism Act (PTA), anti-terrorism legislation that was used to crush Tamil Tiger rebels during the final phase of a 26-year war. Both were released on March 18.
    (Reuters, 3/17/14)(AP, 3/19/14)

2014        Mar 27, The UN's top human rights body agreed to launch an international criminal investigation into alleged abuses from Sri Lanka's ended civil war, approving a US-led resolution over the strong protests of Sri Lanka's government.
    (AP, 3/27/14)

2014        Mar 29, Sri Lanka held local elections. The ruling party won local elections, but with smaller than expected margins in a crucial mid-term test for President Mahinda Rajapakse.
    (AFP, 3/30/14)

2014        Apr 7, Sri Lanka's foreign minister says that his country will not cooperate with the United Nations human rights chief when she begins an investigation into alleged war crimes from the island nation's civil war.
    (AP, 4/7/14)

2014        Apr 11, Sri Lanka's military killed 3 ethnic Tamil separatist militants, the first combat since government troops crushed the rebels in a 2009 offensive.
    (Reuters, 4/11/14)

2014        Apr 21, In Sri Lanka Naomi Coleman, a British tourist, was detained at Colombo's airport after she arrived from India when authorities spotted the tattoo of Buddha seated on a lotus flower. She was sent before a magistrate, who ordered her deportation.
    (AP, 4/23/14)

2014        May 21, Transparency International said South Asia is the most corrupt region of the world and governments must strengthen their anti-graft agencies to prevent political interference and protect whistleblowers. The watchdog group found serious problems with anti-corruption efforts in Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
    (AP, 5/21/14)

2014        Jun 3, In Sri Lanka at least 22 people were reported killed from two days of floods and mudslides triggered by unusually heavy monsoon rains.
    (AP, 6/3/14)

2014        Jun 15, In southwestern Sri Lanka hard-line Buddhists hurled gasoline bombs and looted homes and businesses in attacks in several Muslim towns, killing 3 Muslims and seriously wounding more than 50 people. The attacks were led by a mob from Bodu Bala Sena, or Buddhist Power Force, which rails against the country's Muslim minority.
    (AP, 6/16/14)

2014        Jul 1, A Sri Lanka Defence Ministry circular banned activist groups and NGOs from holding press conferences and issuing press releases.
    (AP, 7/9/14)

2014        Jul 4, Malaysian police said they have arrested four foreign nationals suspected of having links to Sri Lanka's defeated separatist Tamil Tigers, the second such detention aimed at the group's militants in the southeast Asian country.
    (Reuters, 7/4/14)

2014        Jul 7, Australia's government confirmed that it had handed over a boatload of asylum seekers to Sri Lankan authorities in a transfer at sea, drawing outrage from human rights groups who fear those on board could be persecuted in their home country.
    (AP, 7/7/14)

2014        Jul 17, Sri Lanka's government said Pres. Mahinda Rajapaksa has extended the terms of a commission investigating missing people and possible war crimes in the country's 26-year civil war, bringing in foreign experts for the first time to advise on the inquiry.
    (Reuters, 7/17/14)

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