Timeline Swaziland

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Swaziland: http://www.africanet.com/africanet/country/swazi/home.htm#History
 A kingdom in SE Africa between S. Mozambique and SE Transvaal in the Union of South Africa. The capital is Mbabane. The population was about 1.1 million.
 (WUD, 1994 p.1436)(Econ, 10/25/03, p.43)

1899        Dec 10, Sobhuza (1899-1982) succeeded Ngwane V as Paramount Chief of Swaziland, when he was only a few months old. His grandmother, Labotsibeni Mdluli, acted as regent until December 22, 1921.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sobhuza_II)

1967        Apr 25, Britain granted internal self-government to Swaziland. The new Swaziland flag included a black and white shield to depict racial harmony.
    (http://flagspot.net/flags/sz.html)(SSFC, 4/22/12, p.H3)

1968        Apr 19, Makhosetive, later  King Mswati III of Swaziland, was born.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mswati_III_of_Swaziland)

1968        Swaziland in southern Africa gained independence from Britain.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)

1973        Apr 12, In Swaziland Sobhuza II repealed the constitution and dissolved parliament, making himself absolute ruler. Political parties were banned and a state of emergency was declared.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sobhuza_II)(Econ, 2/18/06, p.48)

1980        Apr 1, The southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC) was established by 9 countries with the Lusaka declaration (Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe). The main aim was coordinating development projects in order to lessen economic dependence on apartheid South Africa.  On August 17, 1992, it was transformed into the Southern African Development Community (SADC). By 2008 it included 15 members.
    (www.sadc.int/index/browse/page/52)

1982        Aug 21, In Swaziland Sobhuza II (b.1899), former king and father of King Mswati III, died. At his death he had 70 wives and left over 1000 grandchildren.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mswati_III_of_Swaziland)

1986        Apr 25, In Swaziland King Mswati III succeeded his father Sobhuza II as ruler of the southern African kingdom.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mswati_III_of_Swaziland)

1997        May 27, Health authorities were shocked by chief Jameson Ndznnatabantfu Maseko who banned the use of condoms on the basis of biblical law.
    (SFC, 5/28/97, p.A12)

1997        The Swaziland government issued a decree naming Ted Reilly, his son, daughter and five aides as game rangers. Under Swazi law, the rangers were allowed to shoot and kill poachers caught in the act.
    (AP, 4/19/10)

2001        Sep 29, It was reported that Swaziland King Mswati III had told the country’s young women to stop having sex for 5 years to help stop the spread of AIDS. 25% of the country’s 900,000 people were estimated to be infected.
    (SFC, 9/29/01, p.B2)

2002        Aug 2, A government plan to buy Swaziland's King Mswati III a $250 million luxury jet, a price five times the nation's national deficit, drew protests in this South African nation, which has been plagued by severe food shortages.
    (AP, 8/2/02)

2002        Jun, Bruce Wilkinson, Georgia preacher and author of “The Prayer of Jabez," used a US government grant of $108,000 to fund a conference on AIDS for ministers in Swaziland. Wilkinson proceeded to embark on a mission to save children in Swaziland orphaned by AIDS in a program that he called Dream for Africa.
    (WSJ, 12/19/05, p.A1)

2002        Swaziland's King Mswati III abducted a schoolgirl for his 10th wife.
    (Econ, 2/18/06, p.48)

2003        Sep 11, Swaziland's King Mswati III selected his 12th bride, less than a week after he picked bride No. 11 from thousands of young Swazi maidens.
    (AP, 9/11/03)

2003        Oct 18, In Swaziland voters chose a new parliament in one of the world's last absolute monarchies, while pro-democracy groups denounced the vote as a sham. Political parties were banned and King Mswati III ruled by royal decree.
    (AP, 10/18/03)

2003        Oct, Swaziland's King Mswati III dismissed the entire government and named an ex-police chief as interim leader.
    (Econ, 10/25/03, p.43)

2004        Jan 13, A senior Swaziland aide said King Mswati III has ordered nine palaces built within existing royal compounds to house seven of his 10 wives and two future brides. Some $15 million of his impoverished kingdom's national budget would be used on the project.
    (AP, 1/13/04)

2004        Jan 23,The World Economic Forum began in Davos, Switzerland. The war in Iraq and the threat of terrorism dominated the Forum as the US appealed for cooperation on both issues and the U.N. chief warned that an overly narrow focus could worsen global tensions.
    (AP, 1/24/04)

2004        Jul 15, The Gates Foundation announced a $44.7 million award at the AIDS Conference in Bangkok to a consortium of TB and AIDS researchers. The 2 diseases were often linked. A UN report cited 7 countries as the hardest hit by the AIDS pandemic: Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Lesotho, Zambia, Malawi, the Central African Republic and Mozambique.
    (WSJ, 7/15/04, p.B1)(SFC, 7/16/04, p.A6)

2005        Feb 23, Bruce Wilkinson, Georgia preacher and author of “The Prayer of Jabez," gave the Swaziland government a 34-page proposal for his Dream for Africa program. It included demands for a 99-year lease on 32,500 acres between 2 game parks and control of the game parks. The government did not accept the proposal. In October Dream for Africa announced that Mr. Wilkinson had resigned, but that the program would continue.
    (WSJ, 12/19/05, p.A1)

2005        Nov 24, The UN food agency said the United States has thrown a lifeline to six southern African countries, donating food aid valued at $45 million. The food will be distributed across Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
    (AP, 11/24/05)

2005        Swaziland adopted a new constitution which included guarantees of basic freedoms.
    (Econ, 11/29/08, p.52)

2006        Feb 8, Swaziland’s new constitution went into effect.
    (Econ, 2/18/06, p.48)(http://tinyurl.com/kcm8a)

2006        Dec 20, It was reported that Swaziland had the worst AIDS problem in the world with one in 3 Swazis between 15 and 49 infected with HIV.
    (WSJ, 12/20/06, p.A1)

2006        Swaziland’s population was about 1.1 million. 40% of the population was unemployed and about the same proportion had HIV/AIDS.
    (Econ, 2/18/06, p.48)

2006        In Swaziland Canadian entrepreneur Volker Wagner bought the entire town of Bulembu, five years after it was abandoned, and entrusted it to a Canadian evangelical ministry to run the place as an orphanage for children whose parents have often died of AIDS.
    (AFP, 3/23/12)

2007        Aug 9, Officials said a total of 28 people died and hundreds of homes were destroyed by a series of forest fires which swept through parts of South Africa and Swaziland since the end of last month.
    (AP, 8/9/07)

2007        Sep 1, Life expectancy in Andorra was reported to be longer than in any other world country, while the same in Swaziland was reported to be the shortest.
    (Econ, 9/1/07, p.14)

2007        Nov 23, A study commissioned by the state's emergency response council said nearly a third of Swaziland's children are considered orphaned and vulnerable as AIDS takes its toll on the country. Close to 40 percent of Swaziland adults are living with HIV and AIDS, the highest infection rate anywhere in the world.
    (AFP, 11/23/07)

2008        Jul 16, The United States signed a pair of agreements to boost trade and investment ties with countries in southern and eastern Africa. These included the Trade, Investment and Development Cooperation Agreement with the Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU), which includes Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland; and the Trade Investment and Framework Agreement (TIFA) with the East African Community, which includes Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda.
    (Reuters, 7/17/08)

2008        Sep 6, Swaziland King Mswati III celebrated his 40th birthday and the nation’s 40th year of independence in a lavish extravaganza officially estimated at $2.5 million, but widely believed to have cost 5 times more. Mswati remained Africa’s last absolute monarch and lived a luxurious lifestyle with his 13 wives. Some 70% of the population of 1 million lived below the poverty line and nearly 40% of adults were infected with the AIDS virus.
    (SFC, 9/7/08, p.A9)

2008        Sep 10, Officials said at least 89 people have died in wildfires sweeping through Mozambique, South Africa and Swaziland.
    (AP, 9/10/08)

2008        Nov 15, Mario Masuku (b.1951), Swaziland leader of the opposition People’s United Democratic Movement (Pudemo), was jailed.
    (Econ, 11/29/08, p.52)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mario_Masuku)

2008        In Swaziland Amos Mbedzi of South Africa survived a botched bomb attack against King Mswati III at a bridge of the Lozitha Royal Palace in the commercial hub Manzini. The bomb exploded prematurely. Mbedzi survived with serious injuries while two others in the car were killed. In 2w012 Mbedzi was convicted of high treason.
    (AFP, 8/29/12)

2009        Feb 20, A Swaziland government report said about 42 percent of pregnant women in the country are infected with the virus that causes AIDS, a 3 percent jump in a single year. An estimated 185,000 of Swaziland's 1 million people are HIV positive, and about 30,000 are receiving antiretrovirals.
    (AP, 2/20/09)

2009        Jun 16, The US added six African countries to a blacklist of countries trafficking in people, and put US trading partner Malaysia back on the list. Chad, Eritrea, Niger, Mauritania, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe were added to the list in the annual report. Removed from the list were Qatar, Oman, Algeria, and Moldova.
    (AFP, 6/16/09)

2010        Apr 19, Winners of the 2010 Goldman Environmental Prizes, known as the "green Nobels," were honored in San Francisco. Sereivathana Tuy of Cambodia won for his efforts in stopping farmers from killing elephants. Randall Arauz of Costa Rica won for his campaign to halt the maiming and killing of sharks for their fins. Humberto Rios Labrada (47) of Cuba won for his campaign to shift farming practices toward increasing diversity and reducing chemical use. Malgorzata Gorska of Poland won for her fight to stop a highway through the Rospuda Valley, one of Poland’s last vestiges of untouched wilderness. Thuli Makama of Swaziland won for her efforts in getting citizen participation on the Swaziland board in charge of the environment. She helped prompt investigations into allegations of private park rangers killing suspected poachers in sub-Saharan Africa's last absolute monarchy. Lynn Henning of the USA won for exposing polluting practices of livestock ranches in Michigan.
    (AP, 4/19/10)(SFC, 4/19/10, p.A1)

2010        Sep 6, In Swaziland armed police arrested 50 members the Swaziland Democracy Campaign as they prepared for a protest march in Mbabane. The umbrella group had been set up jointly with Cosatu, South Africa’s main union. South African participants were deported.and Swazis were harshly interrogated. More people were arrested and beaten during the march the next day.
    (Econ, 9/18/10, p.63)

2010        Dec 22, In Rome, Italy, all embassies were informed about a pair of package bombs that exploded at the Swiss and Chilean embassies, injuring two people who opened them. Security officials later said that an Italian group calling itself Informal Anarchist Federation claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 12/23/10)(AP, 12/24/10)

2010        Swaziland’s main revenue, generated mostly from a regional customs union dominated by South Africa, fell by almost two-thirds this year due to an economic slowdown.
    (Econ, 7/30/11, p.43)

2011        Mar 5, In Swaziland Sphiwe Mazibuko, president of the teachers union, said that teachers are using recent turmoil in Egypt, Libya and Tunisia as momentum for mass mobilization against the government's recent call to cut salaries. Two thousand teachers gathered to discuss means to fight the government, which the union says is to blame for the country's economic collapse. Swaziland is an absolute monarchy wrought with corruption.
    (AP, 3/5/11)

2011        Mar 18, In Swaziland a protest sparked by plans to freeze civil service salaries drew nearly 7,000 demonstrators, one of the largest crowds ever seen in the normally placid monarchy, as pro-democracy activists used Friday's gathering to push their cause.
    (AP, 3/18/11)

2011        Apr 11, A spokesman for the Swaziland Solidarity Network, said in a statement that four people were arrested as they returned from South Africa to their homeland after a weekend planning meeting.
    (AP, 4/11/11)

2011        Apr 12, Swaziland police fired water cannons and tear gas, beat people with batons and arrested activists to prevent pro-democracy protests in sub-Saharan Africa's last absolute monarchy.
    (AP, 4/12/11)

2011        Apr 13, Swaziland police fired tear gas and water cannons for a second day on at teachers poised to march in the commercial capital.
    (AP, 4/13/11)

2011        Jun 23, Swaziland was re[ported to be asking neighboring South Africa for an emergency bailout to patch over a chronic national cash crunch that has sparked rare political unrest against King Mswati III, Africa's last absolute monarch. The IMF said last month Swaziland was near financial collapse, with a budget deficit of 14.3 percent of GDP, similar to Greece, and an economy stuck in the doldrums. Swaziland's public wage bill amounts to 18 percent of GDP, more than any other country in Africa.
    (Reuters, 6/23/11)

2011        Jun 24, Swaziland found its options narrowing to avoid financial collapse, turning to neighboring South Africa for a bailout as the African Development Bank refused a $150 million loan request.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)

2011        Jul 21, About 100 Swazi AIDS activists marched to the finance ministry to demand that the kingdom not allow a crippling financial crisis to interrupt the supply of life-saving drugs. Swaziland has the world's highest HIV infection rate, with one in four adults carrying the virus.
    (AFP, 7/21/11)

2011        Jul 27, In Swaziland a court overturned a government application to stop protesters from demonstrating over the king's handling of an economic crisis.
    (AP, 7/28/11)

2011        Jul 28, In Swaziland thousands of people participated in a second day of demonstrations over the  handling of an economic crisis by King Mswati III.
    (AP, 7/28/11)

2011        Jul 29, In Swaziland a "national convention" opened, aiming to bring together civil society groups to map out how the small southern African kingdom could begin negotiations toward multi-party democracy. King Mswati III snubbed the gathering after being invited to deliver an opening address.
    (AFP, 7/30/11)

2011        Jul 30, In Swaziland talks on democratic reforms in Africa's last absolute monarchy stumbled as the Swaziland Federation of Trade Unions, the country's largest labor group, walked out of a civil society meeting.
    (AFP, 7/30/11)

2011        Aug 2, South Africa agreed to a $368-million loan to neighboring Swaziland, just one quarter of the amount sought by King Mswati III to avoid his government's financial collapse.
    (AP, 8/3/11)

2011        Aug 8, Swaziland's cash-strapped university failed to re-open for the new academic year. It expected to remain closed indefinitely.
    (AFP, 8/8/11)

2011        Aug 22, An International Monetary Fund delegation began a two-week visit to cash-strapped Swaziland to see if the country is doing enough to win the fund's blessing to secure foreign loans.
    (AFP, 8/22/11)

2011        Aug 23, Swaziland King Mswati III asked his Cabinet for a $57 million cut from a rescue loan South Africa has extended to his country in exchange for his efforts to secure the funds. While the national budget faced drastic cuts, the king's budget was boosted in March from $24 million to $30 million.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)

2011        Sep 3, The Swaziland government sought a court injunction to block a week of planned pro-democracy protests in the southern African kingdom where political parties are banned.
    (AFP, 9/4/11)

2011        Sep 5, In Swaziland hundreds of anti-government protesters marched through Mbabane, the capital, demanding democracy after the government failed in efforts to have a court declare the “nationwide" strike illegal.
    (AP, 9/5/11)

2011        Sep 6, In Swaziland more than 1,000 people marched through the main city of Manzini in one of the largest protests yet against Africa's last absolute monarch, King Mswati III.
    (AFP, 9/7/11)

2011        Sep 9, Swazi police fired teargas and beat back anti-government protesters with batons in the capital Mbabane, where 1,000 people marched for a 5th day after authorities failed to win a court order to stop them.
    (AFP, 9/9/11)

2011        Sep 15, Around 500 Swazi teachers marched through the capital Mbabane to protest the closure of schools due to the kingdom's severe budget crisis.
    (AFP, 9/15/11)

2011        Sep 28, Swaziland's King Mswati III fired Judge Thomas Masuku, seen as one of the only critical voices in the kingdom's judiciary. Masuku had already been suspended from the bench in June and faced a series of misdemeanor charges, including insulting Mswati in a 2010 ruling that used the phrase "forked tongue" in reference to the monarch.
    (AFP, 9/28/11)

2011        Oct 17, Swaziland's King Mswati III announced a major cabinet reshuffle in a move his critics say is aimed at punishing those who do not toe the line. Amongst those fired was Justice Minister David Matse who refused to fire an independently minded High Court judge, Thomas Masuku, earlier this month.
    (AFP, 10/18/11)

2011        Nov 1, Swazi police fired teargas outside a courthouse in the capital Mbabane to disperse protesters demanding the Supreme Court stop its work amid a strike by lawyers.
    (AFP, 11/1/11)

2011        Nov 11, Swaziland said it will delay paying salaries to civil servants by up to two weeks, as the kingdom's financial crisis deepens.
    (AFP, 11/11/11)

2011        Nov 15, A Swaziland spokesman said the cash-strapped country has pulled together enough loans from local banks and private businesses to pay government workers on time this month.
    (AFP, 11/15/11)

2011        Nov 20, Swaziland's king Mswati III's 12th wife, who was last year caught in bed with the justice minister, said she has been kicked out of the palace after pepper-spraying a security guard, who refused her effort to leave the palace to take her child to hospital. LaDube (23) is the third of Mswati's 13 wives to leave the palace since 2004.
    (AFP, 11/20/11)    

2011        The population of Swaziland numbered about 1.2 million.
    (Econ, 7/30/11, p.43)

2012        Jan 30, Swaziland police fired teargas at university students, when they protested the government's failure to open the school for classes this year.
    (AFP, 2/10/12)

2012        Feb 10, Swaziland’s main teachers' union said the government has let go 1,200 school teachers, leaving classrooms empty just one month into the school year. The union threatened mass action.
    (AFP, 2/10/12)

2012        Feb 27, Musa Ndlangamandla, the sacked chief editor of the Swazi Observer newspaper, said that he has fled to South Africa in fear of his life after receiving a tip-off that police wanted to arrest him on terror charges. He was fired in January after he published interviews with leaders of banned pro-democracy groups in his daily column.
    (AFP, 2/27/12)

2012        Apr 2, The Swazi home affairs minister said King Mswati III, Africa's last absolute monarch, has ordered his impoverished subjects to give him cows for his birthday celebrations on April 19. Mswati was rated by Forbes magazine as among the world's 15 richest monarchs, with a personal fortune of more than $100 million. He has 13 wives, each with their own palace.
    (AFP, 4/2/12)

2012        Apr 10, Swaziland King Mswati III obtained a court order prohibiting a march the next day, the first of four days of planned demonstrations.
    (AFP, 4/10/12)

2012        Jun 22, Swaziland teachers went on strike demanding a 4.5 percent salary increase.
    (AFP, 7/29/12)  

2012        Jul 6, Swaziland police used tear gas to disperse protesters marching to demand more pay for teachers in the tiny southern African nation.
    (AP, 7/6/12)

2012        Aug 3, A Swazi court ordered the government to reinstate more than 300 teachers fired after taking part in a five-week strike over salaries, saying their action was legal.
    (AFP, 8/3/12)

2012        Aug 29, A Swaziland court convicted a South African man of high treason and terrorism over a botched bomb attack against King Mswati III. the court found Amos Mbedzi guilty of planning to plant the bomb at a bridge of the Lozitha Royal Palace in the commercial hub Manzini in 2008. The bomb exploded prematurely, but Mbedzi survived with serious injuries while two others in the car were killed.
    (AFP, 8/29/12)
2012        Aug 29, Swaziland reinstated over 200 teachers fired earlier in August for participating in a six-week long strike.
    (AFP, 8/29/12)

2012        Nov 17, In Swaziland Ellinah Wamukoya (61) was consecrated to serve as the Anglican church's bishop and first female bishop in Africa.
    (AP, 11/19/12)

2012        Nov 26, Swaziland government officials saidy salary spending by the government will rise to $528 million, a roughly $23 million increase year-over-year, despite the country's weakened economy.
    (AP, 11/27/12)

2013        Aug 24, Thousands of Swazis voted in the first round of parliamentary elections that pro-democracy groups have dismissed as window dressing in Africa's last absolute monarchy.
    (AFP, 8/24/13)

2013        Sep 20, Voters in Swaziland cast their ballots in legislative elections dismissed by critics as a rubber stamp for King Mswati III's absolute rule.
    (AFP, 9/20/13)

2013        Nov 29, Swaziland's Senate chief said lawmakers should not divorce to avoid embarrassing the country's polygamous king, who has declared that only death can undo marriages.
    (AFP, 11/29/13)
 
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