Timeline Syria 2014-Present

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Sunni Muslims comprised two thirds of Syria’s people. The Alawites, a religious group that broke away from Shiite Islam in the 9th century, comprised about 6% of Syria’s population. Pres. Hafez Assad was a member of the sect.
    (SSFC, 5/4/03, p.A11)(Econ, 3/26/11, p.53)(Econ, 4/2/11, p.22)

2014        Jan 1, Syrian warplanes bombed a barren range of Lebanese hills used by Syrian rebels and refugees to cross between the two countries, wounding at least 10 Syrians who were rushed to hospital in a nearby Lebanese town.
    (AP, 1/1/14)
2014        Jan 1, The Syrian Electronic Army, an amorphous hacker collective that supports Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, claimed credit for hacking into the social media accounts of Internet calling service Skype.
    (Reuters, 1/1/14)
2014        Jan 1, An NGO said more than 73,000 people were killed in Syria in 2013.
    (AFP, 1/1/14)

2014        Jan 2, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said 8 people held by the Syrian government in Aleppo's central prison have died over the past two days from malnutrition. Five staffers of Doctors Without Borders (MSF) were taken from a house they were using in Syria.
    (AFP, 1/2/14)(AFP, 1/4/14)

2014        Jan 4, The Lebanese army said Saudi citizen Majid al-Majid, the "emir" of the Abdullah Azzam Brigades fighting in Syria, died while undergoing treatment at the central military hospital.
    (AP, 1/4/14)

2014        Jan 5, Syrian opposition fighters seized a compound garrisoned by an al-Qaida-linked rebel faction, in some of the most serious infighting to date within the vast array of rebel groups trying to topple Pres. Assad.
    (AP, 1/5/14)

2014        Jan 6, In Syria rival Islamist rebel groups fought in Raqqa, as local fighters tried to drive out a foreign-led al Qaeda affiliate which has also seized towns across the border in Iraq. The al-Qaida-linked ISIL (aka ISIS) group killed 50 people before surrendering its Aleppo base.
    (Reuters, 1/6/14)(AP, 1/7/14)(Econ, 1/11/14, p.40)

2014        Jan 7, Syria's Information Minister said the Syrian people have decided President Bashar al-Assad should be nominated for another term and would pressure him to stand in elections this year.
    (Reuters, 1/7/14)
2014        Jan 7, Syria moved the first batch of chemical weapon materials out of the country after transporting it from two sites to the port city of Latakia and onto a Danish vessel.
    (Reuters, 1/7/14)
2014        Jan 7, In Syria Abu Mohammed al-Golani, the leader of the al-Qaida-linked Nusra Front, called for a ceasefire between opposition factions who have clashed for five days in the bloodiest episode of infighting since the revolt against President Bashar al-Assad began. A suicide car bombing by al-Qaida-linked ISIL fighters killed at least 20 rebels near the northern city of Darkoush. 3 staff members of Prague-based "People in Need" were killed in a mortar attack.
    (Reuters, 1/7/14)(AP, 1/8/14)(AFP, 1/9/14)

2014        Jan 8, Syrian rebels seized control of a hospital used as a headquarters by an al-Qaida affiliate in the northern city of Aleppo, part of a widening campaign against the extremist group in the country's opposition-held north. Rebels overran the Aleppo headquarters of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), as claims emerged that the Al-Qaeda linked group had massacred prisoners there in cold blood.
    (AP, 1/8/14)(AFP, 1/9/14)

2014        Jan 9, In Syria a powerful car bomb exploded near a school in al-Kaffat village, Hama province, killing at least 16 people and causing massive damage to a residential area. Jihadists battling rebels in the north fought to recover lost turf nearly a week after a new front opened in the conflict gripping the country. Syrian government forces killed dozens of rebel fighters overnight who tried to break an army siege of Homs.
    (AP, 1/9/14)(AFP, 1/9/14)(Reuters, 1/10/14)
2014        Jan 9, Disparate Syrian opposition groups, including several Islamist rebel representatives, met for the first time in the Spanish city of Cordoba to seek common ground ahead of peace talks with President Bashar al-Assad's government later this month.
    (Reuters, 1/9/14)
2014        Jan 9, Germany said it has accepted a UN request to destroy remnants of Syria's chemical weapons on its own soil as part of a bid to eliminate the arsenal by June 30.
    (AFP, 1/9/14)

2014        Jan 11, In Syria the ISIL al-Qaeda affiliate battled rival rebels across the country's north and dozens of bodies piled up in a hospital in the insurgent-held city of Raqqa. Government shelling killed more than 20 people in the central city of Homs.
    (Reuters, 1/11/14)(AP, 1/12/14)

2014        Jan 12, Syrian state media and anti-government activists said a mortar attack has killed at least 19 people in the central city of Homs. Activists said the al Qaeda-linked Islamist State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has executed dozens of rival Islamists over the last two days as the group recaptured most territory it had lost in Raqqa province.
    (AP, 1/12/14)(Reuters, 1/12/14)

2014        Jan 13, In Syria the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) seized the northern town of al-Bab. American and Russian negotiators in Paris said Syria's government and the opposition have agreed to consider opening humanitarian access in the run-up to a peace conference that would bring the sides together for the first time. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said ISIL had executed 46 Islamists from the Ahrar al-Sham in an ambush in Kantari and killed 14 prisoners today in Homs province.
    (AP, 1/13/14)(AFP, 1/14/14)
2014        Jan 13, US and Russian envoys said Syria’s government and the main opposition group have agreed to allow humanitarian aid into some blocked-off parts of the country.
    (SFC, 1/14/14, p.A4)

2014        Jan 14, The Syrian said it has retaken territory around the northern city of Aleppo, after two weeks of rebel infighting that has weakened the insurgency against President Bashar al-Assad.
    (Reuters, 1/14/14)

2014        Jan 15, In Syria a car bomb planted by rebels linked to al Qaeda killed at least 26 people in the northern city of Jarablus, most of them rival opposition fighters.
    (Reuters, 1/15/14)
2014        Jan 15, Donors gathered in Kuwait as the UN sent out a distress signal, warning that nearly half Syria's population needs urgent humanitarian assistance and that some 245,000 Syrians faced severe food shortages. Western and Gulf Arab nations pledged $1.4 billion for UN aid efforts in Syria. This included $500 million from Kuwait and 380 million from the US.
    (AFP, 1/15/14)(Reuters, 1/15/14)

2014        Jan 17, Syria's foreign minister said his country is prepared to implement a cease-fire in the war-torn city of Aleppo and exchange detainees with the country's opposition forces as a confidence building measure ahead of a peace conference opening next week in Switzerland.
    (AP, 1/17/14)
2014        Jan 17, Syrian rebels ousted al Qaeda-linked faction ISIL, from Saraqeb, one of its northwestern bastions.
    (Reuters, 1/17/14)
2014        Jan 17, In Lebanon rocket fire into the border town of Arsal killed at 8 people, including 5 children. At least 20 rockets launched from Syria struck Lebanese frontier areas.
    (Reuters, 1/17/14)(AFP, 1/17/14)
2014        Jan 17, Sources said that Russia in recent weeks has stepped up supplies of military gear to Syria, including armored vehicles, drones and guided bombs, boosting President Bashar al-Assad just as rebel infighting has weakened the insurgency against him.
    (Reuters, 1/17/14)

2014        Jan 18, The National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces voted to send a delegation to an int’l. peace conference set to begin next week in Geneva.
    (SSFC, 1/19/14, p.A6)
2014        Jan 18, In Syria food aid entered the besieged Yarmuk Palestinian refugee camp for the first time in four months. The delivery of food followed reports that dozens of people in the camp in southern Damascus have died of hunger and lack of medical care.
    (AFP, 1/18/14)

2014        Jan 19, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon said Iran has been invited to attend a Jan 22 meeting of foreign ministers in the Swiss city of Montreux ahead of internationally brokered peace talks between Syria's warring factions. The UN invite sparked a boycott call from the opposition and President Bashar al-Assad ruled out a power-sharing deal.
    (AP, 1/19/14)(AFP, 1/20/14)

2014        Jan 20, Iran rebuffed a precondition for taking part in Syria peace talks in Geneva this week, saying it could not accept a plan for a Syrian political transition agreed at talks in the Swiss city in 2012. In response UN leader Ban Ki-moon withdrew his surprise invitation to Iran, less than 24 hours after he announced it.
    (Reuters, 1/20/14)(AFP, 1/21/14)

2014        Jan 21, A report on Syria, commissioned by the government of Qatar, detailed photographic and documentary evidence of systematic torture and killing of some 11,000 detainees between march 2011 and August 2013.
    (Econ, 1/25/14, p.38)(http://tinyurl.com/qhbyqde)
2014        Jan 21, Britain told Iran to stop supporting the Syrian government of Bashar al-Assad militarily, urging it to back efforts to broker peace in Syria instead.
    (Reuters, 1/21/14)
2014        Jan 21, Kurds in northeast Syria, on the eve of peace talks in Switzerland,  declared a provincial government in the area.
    (Reuters, 1/22/14)

2014        Jan 22, Syria hailed the reopening of Aleppo international airport after a year's closure as a military victory over rebels. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported clashes between government forces and opposition fighters in the suburbs of Damascus, Daraa in the south, Idlib and Aleppo in the north and the central province of Homs.
    (Reuters, 1/22/14)(AP, 1/22/14)
2014        Jan 22, In Switzerland peace talks intended to carve a path out of Syria's civil war got off to a rocky start as a bitter clash over President Bashar Assad's future threatened to collapse the negotiations even before they really begin.
    (AP, 1/22/14)

2014        Jan 23, Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani told the World Economic Forum in Davos that Tehran was ready to help create a new multilateral body tasked with stabilising global energy supplies. Rouhani also called for free and fair elections in Syria, saying it would respect any outcome.
    (AFP, 1/23/14)(AP, 1/23/14)

2014        Jan 24, A Syrian activist group said 63 people have died since last June in the besieged Yarmouk Palestinian refugee camp from a lack of food and medicine.
    (AP, 1/24/14)
2014        Jan 24, Direct talks in Geneva were scrapped between Syrian President Bashar Assad's government and the Western-backed opposition that wants to overthrow him. Barrel bomb attacks on Aleppo's outlying industrial city and the Sheikh Najjar districts killed 10 people,
    (AP, 1/24/14)(AFP, 1/25/14)
2014        Jan 24, Iran's foreign minister, speaking at the World Economic Forum in Davos, called for all "foreign elements" to leave Syria so its people can decide their future themselves.
    (AP, 1/24/14)

2014        Jan 25, Syria's air force struck rebel-held areas near Damascus and Aleppo.
    (AP, 1/25/14)
2014        Jan 25, In Switzerland the first face-to-face meeting between Syria's government and the opposition hoping to overthrow President Bashar Assad ended after barely a half-hour, with the two sides facing each other silently as a UN mediator laid groundwork for talks.
    (AP, 1/25/14)

2014        Jan 26, Syrians on opposite sides of their country's civil war tried again to find common ground in Geneva. The UN mediator said the two sides have reached a deal to allow women and children to leave Homs, a city under government siege for more than a year.
    (AP, 1/26/14)

2014        Jan 27, In Geneva the first meeting meant to discuss the issue of a Syrian transitional government broke up less than an hour after it began following a tense session that one delegate described as "a dialogue of the deaf." UN envoy Brahimi broke up the meeting and was scheduled to meet with both sides separately later in the day.
    (AP, 1/27/14)

2014        Jan 28, Britain announced it would take in hundreds of vulnerable Syrian refugees, targeting those most traumatized by the 3-year civil war.
    (AFP, 1/28/14)

2014        Jan 29, Syrian negotiators in Geneva discussed the establishment of a transitional government body for the first time.
    (AP, 1/29/14)

2014        Jan 30, In Syria at least 11 people, including three children, were killed by explosive-packed barrels dropped from government army helicopters over the town of Daraya.
    (AFP, 1/30/14)

2014        Jan 31, The Syrian Observatory for Human Right said fighting in Syria has killed nearly 1,900 people, including at least 430 civilians, during the week of UN-hosted peace talks in Switzerland. Negotiations in Geneva wrapped up and were likely to resume from February 10.
    (AP, 1/31/14)(AFP, 1/31/14)
2014        Jan 31, The UN distributed food in the Syrian capital's besieged Yarmuk Palestinian refugee camp for a second day in a bid to help tens of thousands of trapped civilians. Government shelling killed at least 16 people in a rebel-held area of the northern city of Aleppo.
    (AFP, 1/31/14)(AP, 1/31/14)

2014        Feb 1, In Syria at least 9 people were killed when Syrian regime helicopters dropped explosive-filled barrels on two neighborhoods of the northern city of Aleppo. At least 7 people killed in a double car bombing carried out by the jihadist Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) targeting a rebel headquarters in Aleppo.
    (AFP, 2/1/14)

2014        Feb 2, Syrian military helicopters dropped more improvised "barrel bombs" on the northern city of Aleppo, a monitoring group said, bringing the death toll to at least 83 people in the latest episode of a campaign many consider a war crime. A twin car bombing killed a senior leader in an Islamic brigade opposed to al-Qaida near Aleppo.
    (Reuters, 2/2/14)(AP, 2/2/14)
2014        Feb 2, In northern Syria ISIL fighters freed more than 400 people from a prison, who had been held by the rival Islamist Liwa al-Tawhid unit. In the eastern province of Deir al-Zor ISIL seized the Koniko gas field from the Nusra Front and other Islamist rebels who had controlled it for several weeks after wresting it from tribal gunmen.
    (Reuters, 2/3/14)

2014        Feb 3, Al Qaeda's general command said it had no links with the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), in an apparent attempt to reassert its authority over fragmented Islamist fighters in Syria's civil war.
    (Reuters, 2/3/14)

2014        Feb 4, Syrian forces dropped a barrel bomb on the Uthman Bin Affan mosque that was being used as a school in a rebel-held neighborhood of Aleppo, killing at least 5 people, including children. Barrel bombs were also dropped over other rebel-held neighborhoods in Aleppo.
    (AP, 2/4/14)

2014        Feb 5, Syria missed a deadline to hand over all the toxic materials it declared to the world's chemical weapons watchdog, putting the program several weeks behind schedule and jeopardizing a final June 30 deadline.
    (Reuters, 2/5/14)

2014        Feb 6, The Syrian government reached an agreement with the UN to secure the evacuation of hundreds of trapped civilians from besieged parts of Homs. A suicide bomber blew himself up at the gates of a prison in Aleppo and opposition fighters stormed in freeing hundreds of prisoners. State-run Syrian television said the army foiled an attempt by "terrorist groups" to attack the prison.
    (AP, 2/6/14)(SFC, 2/7/14, p.A6)

2014        Feb 7, Famished and traumatized Syrians were able to leave besieged parts of Homs for the first time in more than a year as part of a potentially ground breaking agreement between the Syrian government and the United Nations.
    (Time.com, 2/7/14)

2014        Feb 8, In Syria new aerial bombardment from explosives-packed barrel bombs in Aleppo killed at least 20 people. Renewed fighting broke a cease-fire in Homs and halted a plan to evacuate civilians and bring supplies into rebel-held areas under siege.
    (AFP, 2/8/14)(AP, 2/8/14)

2014        Feb 9, In Syria the governor Homs said that over 600 people have been evacuated from rebel-held parts of the city, in a rare 3-day cease-fire with rebels. Government aircraft dropped barrel bombs on Aleppo, killing at least 11 people. Extremist Islamic rebels overran Maan village in Hama province, populated by the Alawite minority, and killed at least 40 people
    (AP, 2/9/14)(AP, 2/10/14)

2014        Feb 10, Syria shipped out a third consignment of chemical weapons materials and has also destroyed some materials on its territory.
    (Reuters, 2/10/14)
2014        Feb 10, Peace talks between the Syrian government and the opposition resumed in Geneva.
    (AP, 2/10/14)

2014        Feb 11, In Syria the evacuation of civilians from besieged rebel-held areas of Homs was suspended, as a mediator said peace talks in Switzerland were making little progress.
    (AFP, 2/11/14)

2014        Feb 12, Syrian government forces and fighters from Lebanese ally Hezbollah pounded Syria's strategic border town of Yabroud in apparent preparation for a new offensive to flush out rebels. At least 51 people were reportedly killed in Aleppo, mainly by barrel bombs dropped on eight rebel-held districts from helicopters.
    (Reuters, 2/12/14)(AP, 2/13/14)

2014        Feb 13, Syrian activists said government shelling and airstrikes using makeshift barrel bombs have killed about 400 people in Aleppo so far this month. The governor of the central province of Homs says a cease-fire has been extended for three days as of today.
    (AP, 2/13/14)

2014        Feb 14, In Syria a car bomb killed at least 32 people the town of al-Yaduda (Yadouda) near the border with Jordan. At least 5 soldiers were killed when Islamist rebels detonated mines under the Carlton hotel in Aleppo. In Geneva Syrian government and opposition delegates said talks to end their country's civil war have reached an impasse, with the US and Russia backing the rival camps and trading accusations over the deadlock. International mediator Lakhdar Brahimi told delegates that he plans to take the talks into a third round.
    (Reuters, 2/14/14)(AP, 2/14/14)(AFP, 2/14/14)
2014        Feb 14, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said an al Qaeda splinter group (ISIL) has executed at least 13 people including relatives of fighters from rival rebel groups before withdrawing from a town near Aleppo. It did not say when the incident took place in Haritan.
    (Reuters, 2/14/14)

2014        Feb 15, Jordanian forces wounded 7 and arrested 3 after 10 gunmen from Syria opened fire on troops patrolling a northern border area.
    (AP, 2/16/14)

2014        Feb 16, The Western-backed Free Syrian Army appointed a new military chief. Brig. Gen. Abdul-Ilah al-Bashir replaces Gen. Salim Idris, who was criticized by many in the opposition for being ineffective.
    (AP, 2/17/14)

2014        Feb 17, Syrian government troops took control of the village of Maan after destroying the last "hideouts of terrorists, who came into the village and committed a massacre." Anti-Assad Islamic fighters overran the village on Feb 9.
    (AP, 2/18/14)

2014        Feb 18, A Syrian government barrel bomb landed next to a school in the village of Mzairib. 18 people were killed, including 15 Palestinian refugees.
    (Econ, 2/22/14, p.40)

2014        Feb 20, In northern Syria a powerful explosion rocked the Bab al-Salama border crossing with Turkey, killing at least 5 people and wounding many others.
    (AP, 2/20/14)

2014        Feb 21, The Syrian army intensified its aerial bombardment of southern Syria as opposition fighters were preparing to launch a wide offensive in a province bordering Jordan. In Geneva the UN’s refugee agency called on countries to make commitments to provide resettlement for an additional 100,000 Syrian refugees in 2015 and 2016. A group of 38 male evacuees from besieged parts of Homs were released after investigation, leaving almost 200 others still being held.
    (AP, 2/21/14)(AFP, 2/21/14)

2014        Feb 22, Syrian state TV said government forces have captured two rebel-held areas on the edge of the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights. In the northeast Kurdish members of the “People's Protection Units" captured Tel Brak in a battle left some 19 people dead.
    (AP, 2/22/14)
2014        Feb 22, In Syria Akram al-Bunni, a prominent leftist writer and former political prisoner, was abducted by government intelligence agents as he left a wedding reception at a Damascus hotel.
    (Reuters, 2/23/14)

2014        Feb 23, In Syria 2 suicide bombers killed a senior al-Qaida operative, blowing themselves up inside the militant leader's compound in Aleppo. Rebels said Abu Khaled al-Suri was the representative of al-Qaida chief Ayman al-Zawahri in Syria. A car bomb exploded near a charity field hospital close to the Turkish border. At least one person was killed. Another 60 boys and men, who were being held by Syrian authorities after their evacuation from besieged Homs, were released.
    (AP, 2/23/14)(AFP, 2/24/14)

2014        Feb 24, In central Syria air raids on rebel-held towns killed 18 people. Airstrikes killed some 10 people in the northern city of Sheikh Khader.
    (Reuters, 2/24/14)(AP, 2/24/14)

2014        Feb 25, In Syria Abu Mohammed al-Golani, leader of the Nusra Front, called on the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) group to agree to arbitration by religious scholars to end more than a year of feuding which has turned violent in some areas.
    (Reuters, 2/25/14)

2014        Feb 26, Syrian state media said army troops killed 175 rebels in an ambush south of Damascus, a major attack targeting mostly al-Qaida-linked fighters as part of a government effort to secure the capital.
    (AP, 2/26/14)

2014        Feb 27, Syrian TV said a mortar shell landed near a hospital in a government-controlled neighborhood of Homs, killing at least 5 people.
    (AP, 2/27/14)

2014        Feb 28, Jihadi social media said Islamist militants trying to enforce their religious strict code in rebel-held areas of Syria have cut off the hand of an alleged thief in Aleppo province. Members of an al-Qaida-breakaway group (ISIL) withdrew from parts of Aleppo, ahead of a March 1 deadline issued by another rebel group. Residents found at least two mass graves in their wake, one with 17 and the other with 5 bodies.
    (Reuters, 2/28/14)(AP, 2/28/14)(AP, 3/2/14)

2014        Mar 1, In northwest Syria government airstrikes killed at least 13 people in Kfar Takharim, Idlib province.
    (AP, 3/2/14)

2014        Mar 2, In Syria gun battles and shelling hit the Palestinian camp of Yarmuk in southern Damascus, breaking a truce in place since mid-February.
    (AFP, 3/2/14)

2014        Mar 3, Syrian troops seized control of a village near the strategic rebel bastion of Yabroud as they pushed closer to the town. Food deliveries to thousands of people living in a blockaded area in southern Damascus ground to a halt after a truce collapsed and clashes broke out between rebels and forces loyal to the government. Fighting in and around Yabroud killed dozens of people, including about 17 rebels, 15 government and allied militia fighters and at least 4 Hezbollah fighters.
    (AFP, 3/3/14)(AP, 3/3/14)(Reuters, 3/4/14)

2014        Mar 4, Syria's military fought to take Yabroud, a town that would help Pres. al-Assad seal a link between his coastal bastions and Damascus.
    (AP, 3/4/14)

2014        Mar 5, The Israeli navy seized a ship in the Red Sea that was carrying dozens of advanced Iranian-supplied rockets made in Syria and intended for Palestinian guerrillas in the Gaza Strip.
    (Reuters, 3/5/14)

2014        Mar 6, In Syria at least 15 people were killed and 12 others wounded in a car bomb blast in Homs. At least five people were killed and more than 20 wounded in a bomb blast near a security headquarters in Hama. At least 17 jihadists were killed in fighting near the rebel-held town of Yabrud.
    (AFP, 3/6/14)(AFP, 3/7/14)

2014        Mar 7, Syrian warplanes pounded an area near the rebel-held town of Yabrud near the Lebanese border.
    (AFP, 3/7/14)

2014        Mar 8, Syrian government forces seized Zara from rebels near the Lebanese border, their latest attempt to cut off opposition fighters' fluid supply lines from the country. At least 20 people were killed after gunmen loyal to Pres. Assad entered the town, one of two last strongholds for rebels along the Lebanese border leading to the city of Homs, the other being the nearby village of al-Hosn. Syrian cameraman Omar Abdelqade was killed covering clashes between government forces and opposition fighters in the eastern city of Deir al-Zor.
    (AP, 3/8/14)(Reuters, 3/9/14)(SSFC, 3/9/14, p.A6)

2014        Mar 9, In Syria Ali Moustafa, a Canadian freelance photographer, was killed alongside 7 other people after government aircraft dropped two explosive-laden containers in the rebel-held Hadariyeh area of Aleppo.
    (AP, 3/9/14)

2014        Mar 11, In northeastern Syria 3 suicide bombers detonated their explosives belts in a local administration building in a Kurdish town, killing at least 5 people.
    (AP, 3/11/14)

2014        Mar 13, Syria's parliament unanimously approved a new election law  allowing multiple candidates to run for president, opening the door — at least in theory — to other potential contenders besides President Assad. However only candidates who have lived in Syria for 10 consecutive prior to nomination can run.
    (AP, 3/13/14)(SFC, 3/14/14, p.A4)

2014        Mar 14, In Syria al Qaeda splinter group ISIL pulled out of two provinces in the country's northwest and headed to its eastern strongholds after months of clashes with rival rebels. A senior commander in the Nusra Front was killed on the outskirts of Yabroud during shelling and clashes with the army and Hezbollah fighters.
    (Reuters, 3/14/14)(Reuters, 3/15/14)

2014        Mar 15, Syrian soldiers entered eastern districts of the town of Yabroud, the last rebel bastion near the Lebanese border north of Damascus, and advanced towards the main street.
    (Reuters, 3/15/14)

2014        Mar 16, Syrian troops backed by Hezbollah fighters seized Yabroud, a key rebel supply town on the Lebanese border, driving them from the area and scoring a major blow against them in the three-year-old-conflict.
    (AP, 3/16/14)
2014        Mar 18, The Syria cabinet proudly announced the creation of a national space agency.
    (Econ, 3/22/14, p.50)
2014        Mar 18, An explosion in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights wounded four Israeli soldiers near the Syrian frontier. Israeli forces responded with artillery fire into Syrian-held territory.
    (Reuters, 3/18/14)(Reuters, 3/19/14)
2014        Mar 18, Gunmen from Lebanon's militant Hezbollah group and local Shiite residents tightened their chokehold on Arsal, a Sunni town near the Syrian border, sparking concerns the standoff would cut off aid to thousands of Syrian refugees stranded in the area.
    (AP, 3/18/14)
2014        Mar 18, United Nations human rights investigators said they have added to their list of suspected war criminals from both sides in the Syrian civil war after a new round of atrocities in recent weeks.
    (Reuters, 3/18/14)

2014        Mar 19, In Syria rebels seized took control of the Gharaz Central Prison on the outskirts of Deraa where the uprising began three years ago this month and freed dozens of inmates.
    (Reuters, 3/19/14)
2014        Mar 19, Syria and its Russian ally criticized the decision by the United States to suspend the operations of Syria's embassy in Washington and consulates in other cities.
    (Reuters, 3/19/14)
2014        Mar 19, Australia’s Courier Mail reported that Canar Temel (22), a soldier who went AWOL from his Brisbane unit two years ago, has turned up dead after fighting alongside ISIL rebels in Syria.
    (SSFC, 3/23/14, p.A4)
2014        Mar 19, Israel launched air strikes against Syrian military sites in response to a roadside bombing that wounded four of its soldiers, but both sides signaled they were not seeking further escalation. The airstrikes in the Golan Heights killed one Syrian soldier and wounded seven.
    (Reuters, 3/19/14)(AP, 3/19/14)

2014        Mar 20, Syrian troops raised the national flag on the Crac des Chevaliers, a famous Crusades-era citadel near the border with Lebanon, after days of intense fighting against opposition fighters. 93 of the opposition fighters were reported killed as they fled to Lebanon.
    (AP, 3/20/14)(AP, 3/21/14)
2014        Mar 20, Several UN aid trucks crossed the Turkish border into Syria for the first time.
    (Reuters, 3/20/14)

2014        Mar 21, In Syria 34 people were killed as Islamists sought to seize a border crossing into Turkey.
    (AFP, 3/22/14)

2014        Mar 22, In Syria fighting raged between rebels and loyalist forces in northern Latakia province. Hilal al-Assad, a first cousin of the president and president of the Syrian Arabian Horse Association, was killed in the battle for a border crossing with Turkey in the north of Latakia.
    (AFP, 3/22/14)(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Assad_family)

2014        Mar 23, In Syria fighters from an array of armed opposition groups seized the predominantly Armenian Christian town of Kassab.
    (AP, 3/24/14)
2014        Mar 23, Turkish fighter jets shot down a Syrian warplane after it violated Turkey's airspace. The pilot safely ejected from the aircraft.
    (AP, 3/23/14)

2014        Mar 25, Syria's opposition fighters seized Samra a Mediterranean coastal village as they pushed to consolidate their presence in a key regime bastion near the Turkish border.
    (AFP, 3/25/14)

2014        Mar 26, In their “Kuwait Declaration" Arab leaders called for a political solution to the conflict in Syria, overlooking Saudi-backed demands for greater military support for rebel forces to tip the balance in the war. The Arab League also announced their "total rejection of the call to consider Israel a Jewish state," in the final statement.
    (AFP, 3/26/14)

2014        Mar 27, Syrian forces bombarded rebel positions with artillery and warplanes in the Mediterranean coastal province of Latakia.
    (AP, 3/27/14)

2014        Mar 28, The UN's top human rights body voted overwhelmingly to renew its war crimes investigation in Syria for another year.
    (AP, 3/28/14)

2014        Mar 29, Syrian government forces captured two villages near the border with Lebanon, continuing a weeks-long advance that has cut a major supply route for weapons and fighters from eastern Lebanon.
    (AP, 3/29/14)

2014        Mar 31, Syrian army troops recaptured a key position in coastal Latakia province. Observatory 45 is a strategic hilltop that overlooks several areas inhabited by residents from the Alawite community.
    (AP, 3/31/14)

2014        Mar, In Syria Hezbollah commandos infiltrated Syrian rebel-held territory near the Lebanese border, watching rebel fighters come and go from a two-story villa before slipping inside to plant a powerful bomb. The next morning, they detonated it as three rebel explosive experts and four assistants met inside, turning the villa to rubble in seconds.
    (AP, 4/12/14)

2014        Apr 1, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 150,000 people have been killed in Syria's three-year-old civil war, a third of them civilians.
    (Reuters, 4/1/14)

2014        Apr 2, In Syria Brahim Benchakroun, a former Guantanamo detainee, was reportedly killed while fighting government forces in Latakia province. He was better known in Syria as Abu Ahmad al-Maghribi.
    (AP, 4/3/14)

2014        Apr 3, In Syria mortar fire killed at least six children in a suburb of Damascus.  22 opposition fighters were killed in the army's bombardment of Mleiha east of Damascus.
    (AP, 4/3/14)(AFP, 4/4/14)
2014        Apr 3, The number of Syrian refugees who have fled to Lebanon officially topped 1 million.
    (Reuters, 4/3/14)

2014        Apr 4, In Syria regime tanks and warplanes pounded besieged Mleiha east of Damascus, pressing a campaign to take control of the opposition-held town. Fighting resumed in Latakia where more than 300 fighters on both sides have been killed in the past two weeks.
    (AFP, 4/4/14)
2014        Apr 4, Syria completed the delivery of a consignment of chemical weapons materials for export and destruction overseas.
    (SFC, 4/5/14, p.A2)

2014        Apr 5, In Syria mortar shells continued to hit Damascus and the central city of Homs amid heavy fighting. A rocket hit Homs and struck a market in the western neighborhood of Inshaat, killing six people. 2 fighters from the Nusra Front, al Qaeda's affiliate in Syria, were killed in the easterly Hasaka province during fighting around the town of Markadah with an al Qaeda splinter group.
    (AP, 4/5/14)(Reuters, 4/6/14)

2014        Apr 6, In Syria at least 13 rebel fighters were killed in a vehicle explosion in Homs. At least 5 people including three children were reported killed in the Damascus suburb of Douma during shelling by government forces. 2 people were killed and eight wounded when mortar fire hit the grounds of the Damascus Opera House. Several rebels were killed while they were rigging a car with explosives in Homs.
    (Reuters, 4/6/14)(AP, 4/6/14)(AP, 4/7/14)

2014        Apr 7, In Syria the strategic area of Rankus in Qalamun went under heavy regime shelling and continuous air raids, ahead of a plan to storm it.
    (AFP, 4/8/14)
2014        Apr 7, In Syria a masked gunman assassinated Jesuit Father Francis Van Der Lugt (75), a well-known, elderly Dutch priest, shooting him in the head in the garden of a monastery where he lived in Homs.
    (AP, 4/7/14)

2014        Apr 8, Syrian state media said Iran has sent 30,000 tons of food supplies to help President Bashar Assad's government deal with shortages amid civil war.
    (AP, 4/8/14)

2014        Apr 9, In Syria forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad recaptured the rebel-held border town of Rankous. Two car bombs in Homs killed at least 25 people.
    (Reuters, 4/9/14)(SFC, 4/10/14, p.A4)
2014        Apr 9, Kuwait said three of its citizens have been kidnapped in Syria and it has asked Turkey for help in trying to secure their release. Kidnappers asked for a ransom of 1 million euros ($1.38 million).
    (Reuters, 4/10/14)

2014        Apr 10, In northeastern Syria fierce infighting between rival Islamic rebel groups along the border with Iraq killed at least 24 fighters.
    (AP, 4/10/14)

2014        Apr 11, Syria's Al-Qaeda affiliate and its allies repulsed an assault by jihadist rivals (ISIL) on Abu Kamal, a town on the Iraqi border, in fighting that killed 86 people. People choking from poisoning were hospitalized after air raids with barrel bombs on the town of Kafr Zita. State television the next day reported that Al-Qaeda affiliate Al-Nusra Front had released chlorine gas in an attack on the town that left at least two people dead.
    (AFP, 4/11/14)(AFP, 4/12/14)(SSFC, 4/13/14, p.A3)

2014        Apr 13, In Syria shelling and firefights between government forces and rebels in Aleppo killed at least 29 people over the last 24 hours. Activists from the "Syrian Revolution in Kfar Zeita" posted video footage and pictures of an unexploded canister with the chemical symbol for chlorine, Cl2, on its side which they said was found in Kfar Zeita village. Rebels and the government have blamed each other for the alleged poison gas attacks on April 11-12.
    (AP, 4/13/14)(Reuters, 4/14/14)

2014        Apr 14, Syrian troops retook the ancient Christian town of Maalula from rebels. More than 30 mortars fired from rebel areas landed on the loyalist Damascus suburb of Jaramana, killing 5 people.
    (AFP, 4/14/14)(Econ, 4/19/14, p.42)

2014        Apr 15, Syria's army launched a major ground assault on the central city of Homs, with troops entering rebel-held districts under government siege for nearly two years. Two mortar rounds landed near schools in predominantly Christian districts Damascus, killing one child and wounding 41 other people.
    (AFP, 4/15/14)(AP, 4/15/14)
2014        Apr 15, The UN Security Council met privately to view projected slides of bodies from the civil war in which more than 150,000 have died. Ten of the photos were publicly released in January in a study known as the "Caesar Report," which was funded by the government of Qatar.
    (AP, 4/15/14)

2014        Apr 16, Syrian military airstrikes killed at least four people in Zabadani, a rebel-held town along the Lebanese border.
    (AP, 4/16/14)
2014        Apr 16, Jordanian warplanes hit and destroyed several vehicles trying to cross the border from Syria. The targets appeared to have been Syrian rebels with machine guns mounted on civilian vehicles who were seeking refugee from fighting with government forces.
    (Reuters, 4/16/14)

2014        Apr 18, In Syria a bomb went off in front of a mosque on the edge of Akrama and killed 14 people. Hundreds of rebel fighters and civilians remain trapped in the ancient quarter of Homs, surrounded by government forces and pro-Assad militia. In Aleppo at least 10 people were killed in shelling and aerial bombardment of rebel-held areas.
    (Reuters, 4/18/14)(AFP, 4/19/14)(SFC, 4/19/14, p.A2)

2014        Apr 19, In central Syria two rebel car bombs targeted Homs and Salamiya, two areas controlled by government forces, killing at least ten people as opposition forces fought fiercely to hold onto territory.
    (AP, 4/19/14)

2014        Apr 20, In Syria dozens of people were killed in air strikes on Aleppo, including at least 29 people in a single neighborhood. Former German rapper Denis Mamadou Cuspert, aka Deso Dogg, was among 16 killed in a suicide attack by Al-Nusra Front in an eastern province. In Syria he had joined ISIL and taken on the name Abu Talha al-Almani.
    (Reuters, 4/21/14)(AFP, 4/22/14)

2014        Apr 21, Syria’s parliament speaker announced that presidential elections will be held on June 3. Five people were reported killed when two mortar shells struck central Damascus.
    (AP, 4/21/14)

2014        Apr 22, Turkey’s PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan said number of Syrian refugees in Turkey has reached "almost one million," while pledging to keep accepting those fleeing the war.
    (AFP, 4/22/14)

2014        Apr 24, Syrian government airstrikes targeted a vegetable market in a rebel-held town in the northern Aleppo province, killing at least 18 people and wounding scores of others according to the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. Another activists group, the Syria-based Local Coordination Committees also reported the airstrikes on Atareb, saying that 24 people were killed.
    (AP, 4/24/14)

2014        Apr 26, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 88 rebel and regime forces have been killed in two days of clashes for control of strategic sites in southern Daraa province.
    (AFP, 4/26/14)

2014        Apr 27, Iraqi army helicopters attacked a jihadist convoy inside eastern Syria as it tried to approach the border, killing 8 people.
    (AP, 4/27/14)

2014        Apr 29, In Syria two car bombs exploded in a pro-government neighborhood, killing at least 40 people just hours after one of the deadliest mortar strikes in the heart of Damascus killed at least 14. The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons said it will send a team to Syria to investigate recent allegations about the use of chlorine gas in the war.
    (AP, 4/29/14)(SFC, 4/30/14, p.A4)

2014        Apr 30, In Syria an air raid on a rebel-held neighborhood of Aleppo hit a school, killing 20 people, 17 of them children.
    (AFP, 4/30/14)(AP, 5/1/14)
2014        Apr 30, Jordan opened a new, sprawling tent city to accommodate tens of thousands more Syrian refugees who are expected to flee their country's fighting in the deadly war now in its fourth year.
    (AP, 4/30/14)

2014        May 1, The Syria-based Local Coordination Committees said clashes overnight  between Syrian government forces and opposition fighters killed 14 rebels along a strategic corridor between Damascus and the Lebanese border. Government aircraft struck a market in a rebel-held district of Aleppo killing at least 33 people.
    (AP, 5/1/14)(SFC, 5/2/14, p.A2)

2014        May 2, Syria's government and rebels agreed to a ceasefire in Homs to allow hundreds of fighters holed up in its old quarters to evacuate. Two car bombs struck two small villages in the central province of Hama, killing 23 people, including 14 children.
    (AP, 5/2/14)(AP, 5/3/14)

2014        May 4, The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said heavy fighting between rival Islamic rebel groups in eastern Syria has killed 62 fighters and forced tens of thousands to flee their homes over the last four days.
    (AP, 5/4/14)

2014        May 5, In Syria fierce fighting in the northern province of Aleppo killed at least 21 rebels. The clashes continued through the day and left at least 30 soldiers dead or wounded. Rockets slammed into Aleppo's residential neighborhood of Ashrafiyeh overnight, killing 9 people.
    (AP, 5/514)
2014        May 5, In Syria a least 30 soldiers were killed by the explosion of a powerful bomb in a long tunnel that scores of rebels spent weeks digging under a checkpoint on the northeastern outskirts of Maaret al-Numan.
    (AFP, 5/6/14)
2014        May 5, A yacht and a dinghy crammed with immigrants trying to enter Greece capsized in the eastern Aegean Sea, leaving at least 22 dead, including 4 children, and potentially several more missing. 36 survivors were identified as 23 Somalis, nine Syrians and three Eritreans.
    (AP, 5/514)

2014        May 6, In Syria a roadside bombing overnight killed Ali al-Nuaimi of the Nusra Front and his wife in Daraa province. The Nusra Front is al-Qaida's affiliate in Syria.
    (AP, 5/6/14)

2014        May 7, In Syria some 1200 rebels and civilians left their last remaining bastions in the heart of Homs under a ceasefire deal with government forces.
    (AP, 5/7/14)

2014        May 8, Syrian rebels detonated a huge bomb underneath an Aleppo hotel used by President Bashar al-Assad's forces, destroying it The rebel Islamic Front claimed responsibility said 50 soldiers were killed in the Carlton Hotel blast.
    (Reuters, 5/8/14)

2014        May 10, Thousands of Syrians streamed into war-battered parts of Homs for the first time in nearly two years, many making plans to move back just days after rebels surrendered their strongholds to pro-government forces.
    (AP, 5/10/14)

2014        May 11, Syrian activists said ISIL, an al Qaeda splinter group, has wrested control of key parts of the eastern province of Deir al-Zor from other rebel groups, worsening infighting that has handicapped the insurgency against President Bashar al-Assad.
    (Reuters, 5/11/14)

2014        May 12, Syrian media said rebels have agreed to free 1,500 families in Adra in exchange for food and the release of jailed opponents of President Bashar al-Assad.
    (AFP, 5/12/14)

2014        May 13, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon said Lakhdar Brahimi will resign as the joint UN-Arab League envoy on Syria after a nearly two-year effort that failed to bring peace to the war-ravaged country.
    (AP, 5/13/14)

2014        May 15, In northern Syria an explosion near a border crossing to Turkey killed at least 43 people and wounded many others. Shelling on a government-held neighborhood in Aleppo killed 3 people.
    (AP, 5/15/14)(AP, 5/16/14)(SFC, 5/16/14, p.A4)

2014        May 16, In Syria rebels fired a rocket that struck a government-held neighborhood in the northern city of Aleppo, killing 13 people.
    (AP, 5/16/14)
2014        May 16, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon condemned a cut in water supplies in the northern Syrian city of Aleppo that he said has deprived at least 2.5 million people of access to potable water. Rebels from the al-Qaida-linked Nusra Front shut down main water pumping station in Aleppo nearly two weeks ago to punish civilians living on the government-controlled side of the divided metropolis.
    (AP, 5/17/14)

2014        May 17, In Syria Lt. Gen. Hussein Ishaq, the head of air defenses, was killed in clashes near Damascus as rebels attacked an air defense base near the town of Mleiha.
    (AP, 5/18/14)

2014        May 18, Syrian rebels captured a village in the northwest, killing more than a dozen government troops in heavy clashes and prompting the military to carry out airstrikes to try to dislodge the fighters. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 18 pro-government troops and two rebels were killed in the fighting. The Observatory also said Islamic State fighters killed at least 19 rebels near the village of Raai in Aleppo province. Abdullah Qadour al-Hamawi, a disabled 14-year-old, was reportedly killed by a chlorine bomb in Kfar Zeita, Ha province.
    (AP, 5/18/14)(Reuters, 5/20/14)

2014        May 19, In Syria 13 people were killed after a missile smashed into a building late today in the town of Marea. Most of the dead were children. Hours later a missile fired at a building in the nearby town of Azaz killed another 10 people.
    (AP, 5/20/14)

2014        May 22, Syrian troops backed by airstrikes broke a yearlong rebel siege of a prison in Aleppo, allowing Pres. Bashar Assad's forces to close in on a nearby command center of a coalition of Islamist rebel groups. Rebels had sought to free an estimated 4,000 inmates.
    (AP, 5/22/14)
2014        May 22, In southern Syria a mortar shell struck a large tent late today where supporters of President Bashar Assad had gathered for election campaigning, killing at least 39 people in Daraa and wounding scores.
    (AP, 5/23/14)(SFC, 5/24/14, p.A4)
2014        May 22, China and Russia vetoed a draft UN Security Council resolution to refer Syria to the International Criminal Court for war crimes committed by both sides in its civil war.
    (AFP, 5/22/14)

2014        May 23, Syrian rebels and government forces began a truce in an opposition-held area near the central city of Homs. The truce in al-Waar, which lies across the Orontes River from Homs, was meant to enable the warring sites to negotiate an agreement that will allow the rebels to leave the area without being attacked, or later arrested.
    (AP, 5/24/14)

2014        May 24, Pope Francis called for urgent steps to end Syria's three-year-old civil war as he arrived in neighboring Jordan.
    (Reuters, 5/24/14)

2014        May 25, Syria's Al-Qaeda branch (Al-Nusra Front) staged four suicide bomb attacks on army positions, leaving dozens of casualties, in a bid to cut off Idlib province from the coast. The Syrian air force also struck the area, killing 2 rebels and wounding another 15. A car bomb struck a pro-government neighborhood in Homs, killing at least 10 people. One of the suicide bombers was later identified as Abu Hurayra al-Amriki, a US citizen from Florida. A jihadist from the Maldives was also among the four bombers.
    (AFP, 5/25/14)(AP, 5/25/14)(SFC, 5/31/14, p.A2)(AFP, 7/26/14)

2014        May 26, Syrian rebels made advances in the northwest, seizing several army checkpoints as they inched closer towards taking over two major bases. Fawzi Ayoub, a senior Lebanese-Canadian commander in the Shi'ite Muslim militant group Hezbollah, was killed while fighting alongside Syrian government troops against rebels. Ayoub was on the FBI's "most wanted" list for attempting to bomb Israel.
    (AFP, 5/26/14)(Reuters, 5/27/14)
2014        May 26, Jordan ordered Syria's ambassador to leave the country within 24 hours in a humiliating public announcement made on state-run media, accusing him of making "offensive" statements about the kingdom.
    (AP, 5/26/14)

2014        May 27, In Syria government barrel bombs in Aleppo killed 22 people in the eastern districts of Hay Qataneh, Tariq al-Bab, Bustan al-Qasr, Bani Zeid, Mghayer and Lairamoun.
    (AFP, 5/28/14)   

2014        May 28, In Syria 21 people died in a 2nd wave of barrel bomb strikes on the Mghayer district of Aleppo.
    (Reuters, 5/28/14)
2014        May 28, Syrians abroad voted early in an election that looks certain to give Pres. Bashar al- Assad a 3rd seven-year term as president.
    (Reuters, 5/27/14)

2014        May 29, In Syria the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) kidnapped some 153 schoolchildren. They were on their way back to Ain al-Arab from taking year-end school exams in the northern city of Aleppo.
    (AFP, 7/1/14)

2014        May 30, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said some 2,000 people have been killed since January in regime bombing of rebel-held areas of Aleppo city and nearby towns and villages.
    (AFP, 5/31/14)

2014        May 31, In Syria at least 20 government soldiers and militia were killed in a fresh attack by Islamist rebels, who planted explosives in a tunnel under an army position in Aleppo.
    (AFP, 5/31/14)

2014        Jun 2, In Syria 13 people were killed overnight when government forces dropped four barrel bombs from helicopters into rebel-held districts of Aleppo. A car bomb killed at least 10 people in a Syrian government-held area of the central province of Homs. Rebel rocket fire on government-controlled areas of Aleppo killed 50 people over the weekend.
    (Reuters, 6/2/14)

2014        Jun 3, In Syria tens of thousands pledged renewed allegiance to President Bashar Assad as they voted in a presidential election that excluded a vast swath of the pre-war population and was decried by the opposition as a charade. Assad won 88.7% of the vote.
    (AP, 6/3/14)(SFC, 6/5/14, p.A7)

2014        Jun 5, China offered $16 million in humanitarian assistance for refugees from the conflict in Syria as part of Beijing's growing engagement with the Arab world.
    (AP, 6/5/14)

2014        Jun 8, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said a couple and their four children, the youngest just six months old, were killed today in Syrian army air raids in Aleppo province. ISIS crucified 3 young men in a town near Aleppo for cooperating with rival rebels.
    (AFP, 6/8/14)(Econ, 6/14/14, p.42)

2014        Jun 9, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad announced a wide-ranging amnesty. He commuted some death sentences to life imprisonment, reduced jail terms for many offences and canceled some others altogether. Activists say rebel infighting in Syria has killed 45 opposition fighters over the past two days.
    (Reuters, 6/9/14)(AP, 6/9/14)

2014        Jun 12, In Syria a car bomb exploded in a pro-government neighborhood of Homs, killing at least 7 people. A mortar shell hit a Damascus neighborhood and killed one person. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights in Britain said about 530 detainees have been released under an amnesty program announced on June 9.
    (AP, 6/12/14)(SFC, 6/13/14, p.A5)

2014        Jun 13, Jordanian border guards opened fire on four vehicles trying to enter illegally from Syria after they ignored orders to stop. State-run news agency did not say whether anyone was killed or wounded in the incident.
    (AP, 6/14/14)

2014        Jun 14, In eastern Syria a strong explosion struck a weapons market in Mayadeen near the border with Iraq, killing at least 8 people and wounding many others. State TV said 30 terrorists were killed in the blast.
    (AP, 6/14/14)

2014        Jun 15, Syrian government forces retook Kasab, ousting rebels from the village on the Turkish border in the coastal heartland of President Bashar al-Assad's Alawite minority sect.
    (Reuters, 6/15/14)

2014        Jun 16, Syrian military helicopters dropped barrel bombs on a rebel-held neighborhood in Aleppo, cleaving the fronts of apartment buildings and killing at least 24 people. In the east a car bomb in the town of al-Shamatiyeh, likely planted by ISIL, killed 7 people including a judge from the al Qaeda-linked Nusra Front and a commander of Ahrar al-Sham, another hardline Islamist group.
    (AP, 6/16/14)(Reuters, 6/17/14)

2014        Jun 17, The Syrian Islamic Council, a group of Sunni clerics that back the mainstream rebels, formally condemned ISIS as a stooge of Pres. Assad.
    (Econ, 6/21/14, p.46)

2014        Jun 18, Syrian helicopter gunships targeted refugees near the Jordanian border killing at least 7 people.
    (SFC, 6/19/14, p.A7)

2014        Jun 19, In Syria a car bomb exploded near a school in the pro-government Nazha district of Homs, killing 3 people and wounding nine.
    (AP, 6/20/14)

2014        Jun 20, In Syria a powerful truck bomb exploded in the government-held village of Horrah, near Hama, killing at least 34 civilians and wounding more than 50. Fighters of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) captured key towns in eastern Syria adjoining territory the al Qaeda splinter group has seized in Iraq.
    (AP, 6/20/14)(Reuters, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 20, In Syria the bullet-riddled bodies of 3 officers of the Western and Arab-backed rebel Free Syrian Army were found, two days after suspected Islamist militants (ISIL) kidnapped them in the oil-rich eastern province of Deir Ezzor.
    (AFP, 6/21/14)
2014        Jun 20, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon urged the Security Council to impose an arms embargo on Syria, describing foreign powers and groups as "irresponsible" for giving military support to the warring parties in the three-year conflict.
    (Reuters, 6/20/14)

2014        Jun 21, In Syria Sunni militants led by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant took control of the Al-Qaim Iraq-Syria border crossing after Syrian rebels withdrew overnight. A truce struck to end deadly fighting at the Palestinian refugee camp of Yarmuk. Syrian warplanes pounded parts of Muhassan, Deir el-Zour province, a day after it was stormed by ISIL militants
    (AFP, 6/21/14)(AFP, 6/22/14)(SSFC, 6/22/14, p.A5)

2014        Jun 22, Syrian troops backed by fighters from Lebanon's Hezbollah launched an assault to oust rebels from the foothills of the Qalamun mountains north of the capital.
    (AFP, 6/22/14)
2014        Jun 22, Iraqi military officials said Sunni militants have captured the Turabil crossing with Jordan and the al-Walid crossing with Syria. Militants also seized Rutba in Anbar province, the fourth town to fall in two days.
    (AP, 6/22/14)(Econ, 6/28/14, p.40)
2014        Jun 22, Israeli tanks fired at Syrian army positions following an attack from inside Syria that killed Mohammed Qaraqara, a 13-year-old Israeli boy, on the occupied Golan Heights.
    (Reuters, 6/22/14)

2014        Jun 23, The Syrian government said a series of Israeli airstrikes early today hit nine military targets, killed 4 people and wounded nine others.
    (AP, 6/23/14)(SFC, 6/23/14, p.A2)
2014        Jun 23, Syria handed over the remaining 100 tons of toxic material it had declared to the global chemical weapons watchdog. Western governments wanted the mission to continue to investigate numerous ambiguities in Syria's chemical weapons declaration and several alleged chlorine gas attacks, which they also blame on Assad's forces.
    (Reuters, 6/23/14)

2014        Jun 25, Syrian government warplanes struck a series of targets in the northern city of Raqqa, a stronghold of an al-Qaida splinter group, killing at least 12 people. Syrian aircraft also carried out a series of airstrikes in the eastern, oil-rich province of Deir el-Zour near the border with Iraq. The US and Iraqi military officials confirmed that Syrian warplanes bombed militant’s positions in and near the border crossing in Qaim.
    (AP, 6/25/14)(SFC, 6/26/14, p.A2)

2014        Jun 26, Syria's opposition government sacked the military command of the rebel Free Syrian Army over corruption allegations, as the White House asked lawmakers for $500 million for moderate insurgents.
    (AFP, 6/27/14)

2014        Jun 28, In Syria a car bomb exploded in a busy market in Douma, a rebel-held suburb of Damascus, killing at least 2 people and wounding dozens as Muslims went shopping a day before the start of their holy month of Ramadan. Islamist rebels waged a counter-offensive in the border town of Albu Kamal, challenging the grip of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).
    (AP, 6/28/14)(Reuters, 6/28/14)
2014        Jun 28, In Syria the ISIL jihadist group publicly executed and crucified 9 men, eight of them rebels fighting both President Bashar al-Assad's regime and the jihadists in Deir Hafer, Aleppo province.
    (AFP, 6/29/14)

2014        Jun 29, The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) proclaimed its leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi to be caliph over territory it controls in Syria and Iraq and demanded all Muslims around the world to pledge allegiance.
    (AP, 6/30/14)

2014        Jun 30, In Syria a barrage of mortar shells hit government-held areas of the northern city of Idlib, killing 14 people and wounding at least 40. Heavy clashes were reported between several Syrian rebel factions and ISIL fighting for control of a border crossing with Iraq in eastern Syria.
    (AP, 6/30/14)

2014        Jul 1, In Syria the jihadist Islamic State (IS) took control of the key border town of Albu Kamal after a fierce three-day battle with rival fighters.
    (AFP, 7/1/14)

2014        Jul 3, The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant marched across eastern Syria near the border with Iraq, seizing towns, villages and the country's largest oil field as rival rebel factions gave up the fight. ISIL released 32 Turkish truck drivers who they captured during a lightning offensive across northern and western Iraq last month.
    (AP, 7/3/14)

2014        Jul 4,  A Syrian warplane carried out three airstrikes in an area about four miles (seven km) within Lebanese territory, killing a 12-year-old boy.
    (AP, 7/4/14)
2014        Jul 4, In Syria Islamic militants seized an eastern oil field near Iraq and inched closer to the Turkish border in an attempt to consolidate their control of an area along the length of the Euphrates river stretching through Syria and Iraq.
    (AP, 7/4/14)
2014        Jul 4, At least two dozen US Delta Force commandos arrived on heavily armed Black Hawk helicopters in Akrishi, a small town near the eastern Syrian city of Raqqa on the bank of the Euphrates River in an attempt to rescue American hostages including journalist James Foley. They reportedly destroyed anti-aircraft weapons at a jihadist base about 3 miles (5 km) southeast of the city, but did not find hostages in the area.
    (Reuters, 8/22/14)

2014        Jul 6, Syrian warplanes bombed gunmen inside Lebanese territory on the border between the two countries.
    (AFP, 7/6/14)
2014        Jul 6, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the jihadist Islamic State group has "forced out" some 30,000 residents after seizing Shuheil on July 3 from Al-Qaeda affiliate Al-Nusra Front.
    (AP, 7/6/14)

2014        Jul 7, Syrian troops advanced in and around Aleppo in what appeared to be an attempt to lay siege to rebel-held parts of the city.
    (AP, 7/7/14)

2014        Jul 9, Syria's Western-backed opposition, the National Coalition, elected Hadi al-Bahra, chief negotiator at the Geneva peace talks, as its new president after a three-day meeting in Istanbul.
    (Reuters, 7/9/14)
2014        Jul 9, Syrian rebels rampaged through a Sunni village in the central province of Hama, firing indiscriminately at civilians and killing 14 people, including 7 women. At least 20 Islamic State fighters were reported killed as a result of Syrian government airstrikes targeting a training base for the group in the city of Raqqa.
    (AP, 7/9/14)
2014        Jul 9, In northern Syria the Islamic State group captured three Kurdish villages near Kobani and pressed forward toward the border town. 18 Kurdish fighters were reported killed.
    (AP, 7/10/14)
2014        Jul 9, The US Treasury Department sanctioned three companies suspected of aiding the Syrian government: Pangates International Corp., a petroleum company based in the United Arab Emirates, Expert Partners and Megatrade, two Syrian-based companies.
    (AP, 7/9/14)

2014        Jul 10, In Syria rebels, including members of the al-Qaida-linked Nusra Front, attacked the village of Rahjan, Hama province killing 18 soldiers and pro-government gunmen.
    (AP, 7/11/14)

2014        Jul 13, Syria's Kurds approved compulsory military service for their men to help ward off a push by Islamic extremists in the predominantly Kurdish areas in northern Syria.
    (AP, 7/17/14)

2014        Jul 14, In Syria the Al Qaeda offshoot Islamic State expelled rival rebels from the eastern city of Deir al-Zor, tightening its grip on the oil-producing province abutting territory it also controls in Iraq. Heavy clashes broke out between Syrian rebels and Hezbollah fighters near the Syria-Lebanon border.
    (Reuters, 7/14/14)(AP, 7/14/14)
2014        Jul 14, Hundreds of Kurdish fighters entered Kobane, northern Syria, to help battle jihadists besieging the Kurdish city of Ain al-Arab.
    (AFP, 7/15/14)

2014        Jul 15, Israeli warplanes struck three administrative and military targets in Syria's Golan at dawn, killing 2 security guards and 2 women. The air raids came after the Israeli army said a rocket fired from Syria hit the Israeli-occupied sector of the Golan Heights.
    (AFP, 7/15/14)

2014        Jul 16, Syria’s President Bashar Assad (48) was sworn in, marking the start of his third seven-year term in office. Syria's civil war, now in its fourth year, has killed more than 170,000 people and displaced one third of the country's population.
    (AP, 7/16/14)

2014        Jul 17, In central Syria Islamic militants killed as many as 270 Syrian troops, guards and workers as they captured the Shaar (Shaer) gas field in the desert region of Palmyra following daylong clashes. At least 40 militants were also reported killed. The fate of more than 200 people captured in the facility was unknown. Military helicopters dropped barrels packed with explosives on Morek. More than 20 bombs were dropped by aircraft and least 15 people, including 4 civilians, were killed in the fighting.
    (AFP, 7/17/14)(AP, 7/17/14)(AP, 7/18/14)(SFC, 7/19/14, p.A2)(Reuters, 7/19/14)
2014        Jul 17, In northern Syria Jihadists in Tabaqa, Raqa province, accused a woman of adultery and stoned her to death.
    (AFP, 7/18/14)

2014        Jul 18, Syrian government forces launched a counter-attack to recapture the Shaer gas field seized by Islamic extremists, as the death toll from three days of fighting there rose to more than 200 people killed.
    (AP, 7/19/14)
2014        Jul 18, In Syria jihadi fighters, mostly foreign extremists, pelted Faddah Ahmad with stones for alleged adultery in Raqqa until her body was dragged away.
    (AP, 8/9/14)

2014        Jul 21, Syrian rebels battled jihadists from the Islamic State (IS) near Damascus, pressing their bid to expel them from their strongholds.
    (AP, 7/21/14)

2014        Jul 22, In Syria 6 children from the same family were killed in an air strike by government forces on Wahshiyeh village, Aleppo province. A 15-year-old was killed in an air raid on Latamneh, Hama province. A girl (7) died in army shelling near Jisr al-Shughur, Idlib province.
    (AFP, 7/23/14)
2014        Jul 22, The Western-backed National Coalition of Syrian opposition members said it had voted to force out its "interim government" and form a new one within a month.
    (Reuters, 7/22/14)

2014        Jul 24, In northern Syria fighters from the extremist Islamic State group stormed parts of the besieged Division 17 army base, setting off clashes that left dozens killed or wounded on both sides in Raqqa province.
    (AP, 7/24/14)

2014        Jul 25, In Syria an offensive by the jihadist Islamic State group against government-held territory killed at least 85 people in the past 24 hours mainly in Hasakeh and Raqa. Rebels decapitated most of the soldiers and hung several heads outside the base gates. Rebels shot down a helicopter gunship over Camp Nairab, a slum in Aleppo, killing 3 crew members and a child.
    (AFP, 7/25/14)(AP, 7/26/14)(Reuters, 7/27/14)

2014        Jul 26, In northern Syria a car bomb exploded in Azaz town near the Turkish border, killing and wounding a number of people. The Syrian army recaptured the Shaar (Shaer) gas field east of Homs that was seized by hardline Islamic State fighters earlier this month. The Islamic State said the fighters pulled out after destroying the field's equipment and capturing at least 15 tanks and dozens of rockets which were used to guard the field.
    (AP, 7/26/14)(Reuters, 7/27/14)

2014        Jul 27, In Syria the Islamic State killed 15 Syrian rebels in an ambush as the jihadists tried to advance on Aleppo province. Rebels in Hama province captured Khattab and Rahbeh villages. In Homs city 7 people were killed and 20 wounded in a car bomb attack on an Alawite district.
    (Reuters, 7/27/14)(AFP, 7/27/14)

2014        Jul 28, Opposition activists said more than 2,000 Syrians — almost half of them pro-government forces — have been killed in just over two weeks of fighting in Syria, making it one of the worst death tolls in the country's civil war.
    (AP, 7/28/14)

2014        Jul 30, In Syria the number of people killed in army shelling on Douma, an opposition-held town northeast of Damascus, rose to 17. Fighting between the IS and Kurds killed 14 members of the Kurdish People's Protection Units (PYG) and 35 IS members.
    (AFP, 7/31/14)
2014        Jul 30, Human Rights Watch said the Syrian government has escalated its use of barrel bombs against densely populated areas near Aleppo in defiance of a UN Security Council resolution banning their use.
    (SFC, 7/31/14, p.A5)

2014        Aug 2, In Syria Yaacub al-Omar, the local chief of Al-Qaeda's affiliate Al-Nusra Front, was killed overnight died in an apparent assassination after a bomb went off in his car in Idlib province. Syrian troops backed by Hezbollah fighters killed at least 50 jihadists from the Islamic State and Al-Nusra Front groups in overnight clashes near the border with Lebanon.
    (AP, 8/2/14)(AFP, 8/2/14)
2014        Aug 2, In Lebanon fighting began in the eastern border town of Arsal after troops detained Syrian citizen Imad Ahmad Jomaa, who identified himself as a member of the Nusra Front.
    (AP, 8/3/14)

2014        Aug 3, In Syria regime air strikes and rebel mortar fire killed 17 people in Douma, 15 in Kfar Batna, and 12 in Damascus.
    (AP, 8/4/14)
2014        Aug 3, Syrian rebels killed 8 Lebanese soldiers and claimed to have captured a dozen security force members in a cross-border raid. Lebanese soldiers traded fire with Islamist gunmen and shelled areas around the border town of Arsal aiming to roll back the biggest incursion by militants into Lebanon since Syria's civil war began.
    (AP, 8/3/14)(Reuters, 8/3/14)

2014        Aug 4, In eastern Lebanon thousands of civilians and Syrian refugees crammed into cars and pickup trucks fled Arsal as troops battled al-Qaida-linked militants from neighboring Syria who overran the border region. Several days of fighting killed 19 soldiers, 16 civilians and dozens of jihadists.
    (AP, 8/4/14)(AFP, 8/28/14)

2014        Aug 5, Saudi Arabian King Abdullah granted $1 billion to help the Lebanese army to bolster security as they battle militants who have seized the border town of Arsal on the Syrian frontier.
    (Reuters, 8/6/14)

2014        Aug 6, In Syria Jihadists from the Islamic State group seized parts of a military base in Raqa province after launching triple suicide bomb attacks at its gates. Heavy fighting with troops continued at Brigade 93 in Raqa.
    (AFP, 8/7/14)
2014        Aug 6, The Italian foreign ministry said two Italian aid workers have been kidnapped while working on humanitarian projects in Aleppo, Syria.
    (Reuters, 8/6/14)

2014        Aug 8, In Syria Islamic State jihadists captured the key Brigade 93 Syrian army base in Raqa province overnight. 36 soldiers were killed, some of whom were beheaded, while others died in the fighting or in the initial triple suicide bombing that launched the attack.
    (AFP, 8/8/14)

2014        Aug 10, In eastern Syria Islamic militants crushed a tribal uprising against their rule after three days of clashes in three eastern villages near the border with Iraq.
    (AP, 8/11/14)

2014        Aug 13, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said Islamic State insurgents have seized eight towns and villages from rival Islamist groups in Aleppo province. The fighting left 52 people dead. The Observatory also reported two more crucifixions by Islamic State in Deir al-Zor overnight.
    (Reuters, 8/13/14)(AFP, 8/13/14)

2014        Aug 14, Syrian government troops captured Mleiha, a fiercely contested suburb of Damascus, after five months of heavy fighting.
    (AP, 8/14/14)

2014        Aug 16, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the Islamic State militant group has executed 700 members of the al-Sheitaat (Shueitat) tribe it has been battling in eastern Syria during the past two weeks.
    (Reuters, 8/16/14)(SFC, 8/19/14, p.A5)

2014        Aug 17, In Syria forces loyal to Pres. Bashar al-Assad hammered the eastern city of Raqqa with more than two dozen air strikes. At least 31 Islamic State militants and 8 civilians died in the air force raids in Raqa province, a stronghold of the jihadist fighters.
    (Reuters, 8/17/14)(AFP, 8/17/14)

2014        Aug 18, The Syrian authorities and rebels agreed to a truce in the southern Damascus district of Qadam which was a battlefield for more than a year.
    (AFP, 8/18/14)

2014        Aug 19, In eastern Syria government forces stepped up air strikes on Islamic State positions in and around the city of Raqqa. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the jihadist Islamic State has more than 50,000 fighters in Syria and recruited 6,000 last month alone.
    (Reuters, 8/19/14)(AFP, 8/19/14)
2014        Aug 19, Japan’s Kyodo news agency reported that the Islamic State militant group has claimed responsibility for detaining Haruna Yukawa, a doctor an d a journalist, in Syria in a post on the Internet.
    (Reuters, 8/19/14)
2014        Aug 19, Fighters from Lebanon's Hezbollah reportedly killed Abu Abdullah al-Iraqi, a top jihadist from the Islamic State group in Syria, who allegedly planned bloody attacks in Lebanon.
    (AFP, 8/19/14)
2014        Aug 19, Islamic State militants posted a video that showed the beheading of American journalist James Foley in revenge for US air strikes against the insurgents in Iraq. Foley (40) was kidnapped by armed men on Nov. 22, 2012, in northern Syria while on his way to the Turkish border. Prior to the execution militants had sent an e-mail demanding $132.5 million in exchange for Foley. Steven Sotloff, who appeared at the end of the video, went missing in northern Syria while reporting in July 2013.
    (Reuters, 8/20/14)(SFC, 8/21/14, p.A3)

2014        Aug 20, In Syria Islamic extremists fired rockets and tank shells at a the Taqba air base in the northeast, kicking off a long-anticipated offensive to seize the last position held by the Syrian government in Raqqa province, a stronghold of the Islamic State group.
    (AP, 8/20/14)
2014        Aug 20, The United States launched a new barrage of airstrikes against the Islamic State extremist group that beheaded American journalist James Foley and that has seized a swath of territory across Iraq and Syria.
    (AP, 8/20/14)

2014        Aug 21, Syrian troops killed dozens of jihadi fighters, including a prominent media activist, in heavy clashes around Tabqa air base, Raqa province, that the Islamic State group is trying to seize. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 70 Islamic State jihadist fighters have been killed in 48 hours of clashes with Syrian army troops.
    (AP, 8/21/14)(AFP, 8/22/14)

2014        Aug 22, The UN reported that the death toll from three years of Syria's civil war has risen to more than 191,000 people.
    (AP, 8/22/14)
2014        Aug 22, The US imposed sanctions on Abdul Mohsen Abdallah Ibrahim al Sharekh, a Saudi citizen and allegedly the head of Al-Qaeda operations in Syria, and Hamid Hamad Hamid al-Ali of Kuwait.
    (AFP, 8/22/14)

2014        Aug 23, In Syria jihadists from the Islamic State group seized Tabqa military airport. 346 Islamic State fighters were killed and more some 200 members of the security forces died in five days of fighting over the base.
    (Reuters, 8/27/14)(AFP, 8/28/14)

2014        Aug 24, In Syria at least 32 rebels were reported killed in an army ambush on a rebel convoy in the southern province of Daraa.
    (AFP, 8/24/14)
2014        Aug 24, Peter Theo Curtis (45), an American journalist kidnapped and held hostage for nearly two years by an al-Qaida-linked group in Syria, was released in the Golan Heights. Curtis Massachusetts wrote under the byline Theo Padnos.
    (AP, 8/24/14)

2014        Aug 27, Syrian rebels, including fighters from an al-Qaida-linked group, seized control of a frontier crossing with Israel in the Golan Heights after heavy clashes with Pres. Assad's forces. The heavy fighting that left at least 20 Syrian soldiers and an unknown number of rebels dead. Dozens of Syrian soldiers escaping Tabqa were captured as they attempted to cross the desert to government-held territory in the Orontes Valley to the west.
    (AP, 8/27/14)(AFP, 8/28/14)

2014        Aug 28, Syrian regime air strikes killed six IS leaders. The Islamic State said it has executed more than 160 Syrian soldiers in three different places in Raqa province yesterday and at dawn today.
    (AFP, 8/28/14)
2014        Aug 28, In the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights a group of 44 UN peacekeepers from Fiji were detained by militants fighting the Syrian army in the vicinity of Al Qunaytirah. 81 troops from the Philippines had their movements restricted.
    (Reuters, 8/28/14)(SFC, 8/30/14, p.A6)

2014        Aug 29, Syrian lawyer Mudar Hassan Khadur, a pro-government activist who launched a social media campaign calling on officials to provide information about hundreds of missing soldier, was arrested.
    (Reuters, 9/1/14)
2014        Aug 29, In Syria 44 Fijian soldiers working as UN peacekeepers remained captive to a militant group while 75 Philippine soldiers were in tense standoff with the rebels.
    (AP, 8/29/14)

2014        Aug 30, In Syria a firefight erupted between a group of Philippine peacekeepers trapped on the Syrian side of the Golan Heights and Islamist militants surrounding their position. 44 Fijian peacekeepers were captured on Aug 28 at their post about eight km away from the Philippine troops. 35 Filipino peacekeepers were escorted out of a UN encampment in Breiqa by Irish and Filipino forces on armored vehicles.
    (Reuters, 8/30/14)
2014        Aug 30, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said several dozen Yazidi women, kidnapped by Islamic State jihadists in Iraq, have been taken to Syria, forced to convert and sold into marriage to militants.
    (AFP, 8/30/14)
2014        Aug 30, A video posted on social media showed Islamic State militants beheading a Lebanese soldier who was one of 19 captured by hardline Syrian Islamists when they seized a Lebanese border town for few days this month. Hours later, the group posted a second video showing nine other soldiers begging for their lives.
    (Reuters, 8/30/14)
2014        Aug 30, Syria’s Nusra Front, an al-Qaida affiliate, freed five members of the Lebanese security forces seized in Arsal earlier this month.
    (AP, 8/31/14)

2014        Aug 31, In Syria 40 Filipino peacekeepers escaped their besieged outpost in the Golan Heights after a seven-hour gunbattle with Syrian rebels. The al-Qaida-linked Nusra Front acknowledged holding Fijian troops and displayed 45 ID cards.
    (AP, 8/31/14)
2014        Aug 31, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights monitoring group said at least 42 children have been killed in government air strikes and shelling across Syria in the last 36 hours.
    (AFP, 8/31/14)

2014        Sep 1, In Syria heavy fighting erupted between the Syrian army and Islamist rebels on the Golan Heights, where 44 peacekeepers from Fiji were being held by militants.
    (Reuters, 9/1/14)
2014        Sep 1, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said raids by government forces hunting suspected Islamic State infiltrators in the northeast town of Hasakeh have sparked an exodus of more than 60,000 civilians in three days.
    (AFP, 9/1/14)

2014        Sep 2, Syrian government air strikes in the eastern province of Deir Ezzor killed 16 people, including 10 children.
    (AFP, 9/6/14)
2014        Sep 2, Islamic State militants issued a threat to President Vladimir Putin, vowing to oust him and "liberate" the volatile North Caucasus over his support of the Syrian regime.
    (AFP, 9/4/14)
2014        Sep 2, Fiji military commander Brig. Gen. Mosese Tikoitoga said the Nusra Front has made three demands for the release of peacekeepers: to be taken off the UN terrorist list; the delivery of humanitarian aid to parts of the Syrian capital of Damascus; and payment for three of its fighters it says were killed in a shootout with UN officers.
    (AP, 9/2/14)

2014        Sep 3, In eastern Syria 16 people, among them 10 children, were reported killed as a government air strike hit a bus on the road between eastern Deir Ezzor province and Damascus as it passed through the Shula area. State television said that the jihadist Islamic State group had killed the passengers, putting the death toll at 13.
    (AFP, 9/3/14)

2014        Sep 4, In eastern Syria 18 foreign fighters from the Islamic State, including an American jihadist, were killed in a Syrian air raid on a town near the militant group's main stronghold city of Raqqa. Top Islamic State leaders who happened to be in the municipal building of Gharbiya at the time of the raid were among the foreign fighters killed. Two raids on southern and northern parts of Raqqa killed 53 people including 31 civilians. Another air raid hit a former intelligence headquarters in Abu Kamal also killed an undisclosed number of IS members. Residents of Ashara, in the mostly IS-controlled eastern province of Deir Ezzor, protested in front of an IS headquarters, hours after government air strikes killed 2 children, 5 women and a man.
    (Reuters, 9/4/14)(AFP, 9/5/14)(AFP, 9/6/14)

2014        Sep 5, In Ashara, Syria, the Islamic State publicly executed and crucified a young man identified as Ali Khalaf, accusing him of "heresy and apostasy."
    (AFP, 9/5/14)

2014        Sep 6, Syria launched a series of airstrikes targeting Raqqa, a stronghold of the Islamic State extremist group, killing at least 41 people, most of whom died when one missile slammed into a crowded bakery.
    (AP, 9/6/14)(SSFC, 9/7/14, p.A5)(Reuters, 9/8/14)

2014        Sep 8, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said government warplanes killed at least 60 civilians including a dozen children in two days of air strikes on Islamic State-held territory at the weekend.
    (Reuters, 9/8/14)

2014        Sep 9, In northwest Syria a blast hit a meeting of Islamist insurgent group Ahrar al-Sham in Idlib province. Hassan Aboud, the group's leader, was among 47 top members killed.
    (Reuters, 9/10/14)(AFP, 9/10/14)

2014        Sep 10, Syria's Islamist Ahrar al-Sham rebel brigade named new chiefs after a devastating blast killed 47 members of its leadership at Ram Hamdan, northeast of Idlib city.
    (AFP, 9/10/14)

2014        Sep 11, In Syria the al-Qaida-linked Nusra Front released all 45 Fijian peacekeepers held captive for the last two weeks.
    (SFC, 9/12/14, p.A4)

2014        Sep 16,  In Syria a government warplane crashed into the city of Raqqa, the defacto capital of the Islamic State. At least 8 people were killed. Jihadists claimed to have shot it down. At least 48 people were killed by government airstrikes over the last two days in Talbiseh. In Damascus at least 18 fighters were killed after two groups of rebels crawled into the city through sewers to attack a government checkpoint.
    (AFP, 9/16/14)(AP, 9/17/14)(SFC, 9/17/14, p.A4)
2014        Sep 16, In Syria at least 15 children died after receiving vaccinations for measles in the northwestern province of Idlib.
    (AP, 9/17/14)

2014        Sep 17, Syrian regime air strikes on Talbiseh killed as many as 50 people.
    (Econ, 9/27/14, p.25)

2014        Sep 18, Islamic State fighters backed by tanks captured 21 Kurdish villages over the past 24 hours in northern Syria near the Turkish border, prompting civilians to flee their homes amid fears of retribution by the extremists sweeping through the area.
    (AP, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 18, Turkish PKK rebels, who have spent three decades fighting for autonomy for Turkey's Kurds, called for the youth of the country's mostly Kurdish southeast to join the fight against Islamic State militants in northern Syria.
    (Reuters, 9/18/14)

2014        Sep 20, In northern Syria the Islamic State executed at least 11 civilians, including at least two boys. It has seized at least 64 villages around Kobani since Sep 16, using heavy arms and thousands of fighters. At least 300 Kurdish fighters crossed from Turkey into Syria overnight to battle jihadists from the Islamic State group trying to seize Kobani, a strategic border town.
    (AFP, 9/20/14)(Reuters, 9/21/14)

2014        Sep 21, Syrian government air raids reportedly killed 19 people, including 6 children, outside the city of Saraqeb, and another 23 people, among them 10 children, in the town of Ehsim.
    (AFP, 9/22/14)
2014        Sep 21, Kurdish militants in Turkey issued a new call to arms to defend the border town of Kobani, Syria, from advancing Islamic State fighters. Turkish authorities and the UN prepared for a surge in refugees. Clashes overnight reportedly killed 10 insurgents, bringing the number of IS fighters killed to at least 39. At least 27 Kurdish fighters have died.
    (Reuters, 9/21/14)

2014        Sep 22, Syrian Kurds battled to defend Kobani, a key border town from an Islamic State advance, as Kurdish youths from neighboring Turkey rushed to their aid, heightening the pressure on Ankara to act against the Islamist insurgents.
    (Reuters, 9/22/14)

2014        Sep 23, The Syrian military pressed its campaign against the rebels unabated, shelling and carrying out air strikes in the southern province of Deraa and the outskirts of Damascus, as well as Raqqa and Idlib provinces.
    (Reuters, 9/23/14)
2014        Sep 23, Israel downed a Syrian warplane over the Golan Heights in the first such incident in three decades and warned it would respond "forcefully" if its security is threatened.
    (AFP, 9/23/14)
2014        Sep 23, The United States and its Arab allies bombed Syria for the first time. Bahrain, Jordan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates participated in or supported the strikes against Islamic State targets. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 70 Islamic State fighters were killed in strikes that hit at least 50 targets in Raqqa and Deir al-Zor and Hasakah provinces. It also said at least 50 fighters and 8 civilians were killed in strikes targeting al Qaeda's Syrian affiliate, the Nusra Front, in northern Aleppo and Idlib provinces.
    (Reuters, 9/23/14)
2014        Sep 23, In Syria Mohsin al-Fadhli, a leader of the al Qaeda-linked Khorasan group, was killed in a US airstrike. The group had been labelled by US intelligence based on an ancient name for a region that includes parts of Afghanistan, Iran and Turkmenistan. Some people have said the Prophet Muhammad predicted the region would produce a triumphant army under black flags. 
    (AP, 9/28/14)(TIME, 10/20/14, p.12)

2014        Sep 24, American warplanes pounded Islamic State positions in Syria for a 2nd day at a strategic post on the Iraqi border, but the campaign did nothing to halt the fighters' advance on the Kurdish town of Kobani where nearly 140,000 refugees have fled. Al Qaeda's Syrian affiliate, the Nusra Front, evacuated its bases in populated areas of the Idlib region after US-led forces carried out air strikes on the group.
    (Reuters, 9/24/14)

2014        Sep 25, French fighter jets struck targets in Iraq and the US and its allies stepped up air raids in Syria against Islamic State militants. The strikes reportedly killed 14 Islamic State fighters and at least 5 civilians. US-led airstrikes targeted Syrian oil installations held by the extremist Islamic State group.
    (Reuters, 9/25/14)(AP, 9/25/14)

2014        Sep 27, Air strikes hit Islamic State and other Islamist groups in eastern Syria. US strikes hit the besieged area around Kobani and forces from Saudi Arabia, Jordan and the UAE contributed to strikes around the country. 
    (Reuters, 9/27/14)(SSFC, 9/28/14, p.A8)

2014        Sep 28, In Syria airstrikes likely carried out by the US-led coalition struck an oil refinery held by the Islamic State group, shaking buildings and sending flames shooting into the air near the Turkish border.
    (AP, 9/28/14)

2014        Sep 29, In Syria US-led coalition air raids overnight and today targeted towns and villages in northern and eastern Syria controlled by the Islamic State group, including one strike that hit a grain silo and reportedly killed civilians.
    (AP, 9/29/14)
2014        Sep 29, Turkish tanks and armored vehicles took up positions on a hill overlooking the besieged Syrian border town of Kobani as shelling by Islamic State insurgents intensified and stray fire hit Turkish soil.
    (Reuters, 9/29/14)

2014        Sep 30, In Syria US-led coalition airstrikes targeted Islamic State fighters pressing their offensive against Kobani near the Syrian-Turkish border in an attempt to halt the militants' advance. Islamic State militants captured the deserted Kurdish village of Siftek and appeared to be using it as a headquarters from which to launch attacks on Kobani itself. 5 anti-Islamic State Kurdish fighters, including 3 women, and 4 Syrian Arab rebels were detained and beheaded 14 km west of Kobani.
    (AP, 9/30/14)(Reuters, 10/1/14)

2014        Oct 1, In Syria coalition jets launched air strikes on insurgents besieging Kobani, a town on the southern border of Turkey. Dozens of militants and Kurdish fighters were killed in clashes overnight. Twin car bombings near a school killed at least 32 people, including 25 children in a government-controlled area of Homs.
    (Reuters, 10/1/14)(AP, 10/1/14)(SFC, 10/3/14, p.A2)
2014        Oct 1, Turkish Pres. Tayyip Erdogan said Turkey will fight against Islamic State and other "terrorist" groups in the region but will stick to its aim of seeing Syrian President Bashar al-Assad removed from power.
    (Reuters, 10/1/14)

2014        Oct 2, In Syria Islamic State insurgents tightened their grip on Kobani despite coalition air strikes meant to weaken them, sending thousands more Kurdish refugees into Turkey and dragging Ankara deeper into the conflict.
    (Reuters, 10/2/14)

2014        Oct 3, In Syria coalition warplanes destroyed one insurgent vehicle and killed 5 fighters during raids in the countryside to the east and south of Kobani. 10 Kurdish fighters were also killed in heavy fighting that carried on long into the night.
    (Reuters, 10/4/14)
2014        Oct 3, A video was posted on YouTube showing Alan Henning (47), a British taxi driver, kneeling before a masked knife man against a desert setting. Henning had been part of an aid convoy taking medical supplies to a hospital in northwest Syria in December last year when it was stopped by gunmen and he was abducted. He was the fourth hostage to have been beheaded by Islamic State (IS).
    (Reuters, 10/4/14)

2014        Oct 5, Kurdish forces battled overnight with Islamists trying to seize a hill overlooking a Syrian border town with Turkey as US-led coalition warplanes carried out raids on the militants. At least 11 Kurdish fighters and 16 Islamic State insurgents were killed in the overnight clashes.
    (Reuters, 10/5/14)
2014        Oct 5, Gunmen crossed from Syria into eastern Lebanon and attacked posts of the Shiite movement Hezbollah, sparking fierce clashes. The Nusra Front attacked several Hezbollah positions on the Lebanese and Syrian side of the border simultaneously. At least 8 Hezbollah fighters were reported killed.
    (AFP, 10/5/14)(AP, 10/6/14)
2014        Oct 5, In northwestern Syria Franciscan Father Hanna Jallouf and 20 other Christians were seized by Al-Qaeda affiliate Al-Nusra Front at Qunyeh village, Idlib province. Father Jallouf was released on Oct 9.
    (AFP, 10/7/14)(AP, 10/9/14)

2014        Oct 6, Syrian government forces seized control of a strategic area outside Damascus used by rebels to fire mortar shells at the capital. The Islamic State raised its flag on a building on the outskirts of the frontier town of Kobani after an assault of almost three weeks, but the town's Kurdish defenders said its fighters had not reached the city center. At least 30 people were killed in two suicide attacks on two checkpoints run by Kurdish fighters in the northeastern city of Hasakah.
    (AFP, 10/6/14)(Reuters, 10/6/14)

2014        Oct 7, Turkey's president said Kobani was "about to fall" after Islamic State fighters advanced into the south west of the Syrian Kurdish town, pressing home a three-week assault has cost a reported 412 lives. More than 2,000 Syrian Kurds including women and children were evacuated from the town after the latest fighting.
    (Reuters, 10/7/14)

2014        Oct 8, In southeast Turkey at least 21 people were killed in riots, the deadliest street unrest in years, after the Kurdish minority rose up in fury at the government's refusal to protect a besieged Syrian town from Islamic State. US-led air strikes appeared to have pushed Islamic State fighters back to the edges of Kobani.
    (Reuters, 10/8/14)(Reuters, 10/9/14)

2014        Oct 9, Islamic State fighters seized more than a third of the Syrian border town of Kobani, as US-led air strikes failed to halt their advance and Turkish forces nearby looked on without intervening. Two police officers were shot dead in an apparent attempt to assassinate a police chief in Turkey’s eastern province of Bingol. Four of the alleged attackers were later killed and two more caught after a shootout with security forces. In Gaziantep province 4 people killed and 20 wounded as armed clashes broke out overnight between protesters calling for solidarity with Kobani.
    (Reuters, 10/9/14)(Reuters, 10/10/14)

2014        Oct 10, In Syria militants fought deeper into the Syrian Kurdish town of Kobani in full view of Turkish tanks that have done nothing to intervene. At least 31 people have been killed in three days of riots and street violence across Turkey’s mainly Kurdish southeast.
    (Reuters, 10/10/14)

2014        Oct 11, Kurdish forces defending Kobani urged a US-led coalition to escalate air strikes on Islamic State fighters who controlled more than a third of the Syrian town at the border with Turkey. 36 jihadi fighters were reportedly killed in Kobani.
    (Reuters, 10/11/14)(AP, 10/12/14)

2014        Oct 12, The US Central Command said warplanes from the United States, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates conducted four airstrikes in Syria over the weekend, including three in Kobani that destroyed an Islamic State fighting position and staging area.
    (AP, 10/12/14)

2014        Oct 13, In Syria Abu Aboud, the head of "White Shroud," said the group has killed more than 100 Islamic State fighters in attacks in Deir al-Zor province in recent months and that the group’s main aim is to generate fear in Islamic State's ranks. The government carried out some 40 air strikes in Hama and Idlib provinces.
    (Reuters, 10/13/14)(Econ, 10/18/14, p.47)
2014        Oct 13, Kurdish fighters engaged in fierce clashes with jihadists on the Turkish border near Kobane, as Ankara denied allowing Washington to use its bases against the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 10/13/14)
2014        Oct 13, US Central Command said the US and Saudi Arabia launched eight airstrikes yesterday and today against Islamic State targets in Syria, including seven near Kobani.
    (Reuters, 10/13/14)

2014        Oct 14, At least 10 Syrian soldiers were killed in clashes with Islamic State group jihadists in the eastern province of Deir Ezzor. At least 12 people killed in Syrian regime air strikes on the Ain Tarma area outside the capital Damascus. The regime also carried out air strikes against Irbin, where at least 5 people were killed.
    (AFP, 10/14/14)

2014        Oct 15, Kurdish militiamen, bolstered by intensified US-led coalition airstrikes, fought pitched street battles with the extremists in Kobani, a Syrian Kurdish border town near Turkey, making small advances. US military fighter and bomber planes carried out 14 air strikes against Islamic State targets near Kobani.
    (AP, 10/15/14)(Reuters, 10/16/14)
2014        Oct 15, The US Pentagon named it fight against Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria as Operation Inherent Resolve.
    (SFC, 10/16/14, p.A3)

2014        Oct 17, It was reported that Iraqi pilots who have joined Islamic State in Syria are training members of the group to fly in three fighter jets captured from the Syrian military. In eastern Syria a US-led coalition airstrike on a gas distribution facility in Khasham, Deir el-Zour province, a stronghold of the Islamic State group, set off a series of secondary explosions and killed at least 8 people.
    (Reuters, 10/17/14)(AP, 10/18/14)

2014        Oct 18, In Syria US-led coalition jets pounded suspected Islamic State targets at least six times in Kobani after the fiercest shelling in days by the insurgents shook the town's center and hit border areas within Turkey. Syrian government forces shelled neighborhoods in Damascus, the southern province of Deraa and the central province of Homs. Islamic State militants fired 44 mortars at Kurdish parts of Kobani. Two Islamic State car bombs hit Kurdish positions leading to casualties.
    (Reuters, 10/18/14)(AP, 10/19/14)

2014        Oct 19, In Syria Islamic State fighters continued to hit Kurdish defenders in Kobani with mortars. The Observatory said 70 Islamic State fighters had been killed in the past two days.
    (Reuters, 10/19/14)

2014        Oct 20, Turkey said it would allow Iraqi Kurdish fighters to reinforce fellow Kurds in the Syrian town of Kobani, while the US air-dropped arms for the first time to help the defenders resist an Islamic State assault. At least one cache of the US airdropped weapons were seized by Islamioc State fighters.
    (Reuters, 10/20/14)(SFC, 10/22/14, p.A4)

2014        Oct 21, In Syria Islamic State won territory from government forces in the eastern city of Deir al-Zor, its first gain there in about two months. A monitoring group reported that a man and a woman have been stoned to death for adultery in separate executions in jihadist-controlled areas. Government airstrikes hit the rebel-held town of Nasib, along the country's southern border with Jordan, killing at least 8 people.
    (Reuters, 10/21/14)(AP, 10/21/14)(SFC, 10/22/14, p.A4)

2014        Oct 22, Syria said its air force has destroyed two of three warplanes reportedly seized by fighters of the Islamic State group in the north of the country.
    (AFP, 10/22/14)

2014        Oct 23, In Syria government shelling in the northern village of Tel Qrah killed at least 9 people.
    (AP, 10/24/14)
2014        Oct 23, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that 200 Iraqi Kurd peshmerga fighters would travel through Turkey to join the battle in Kobane, where about 1,000 IS militants are believed to be fighting. US-led air strikes in Syria were reported to have killed more than 521 jihadists and 32 civilians over the last month.
    (AFP, 10/23/14)(Reuters, 10/23/14)

2014        Oct 24, Turkey's president said that Ankara would allow hundreds of Syrian rebels to travel to the embattled border town of Kobani in order to help Kurdish fighters there fend off an Islamic State onslaught. During a state visit in Estonia, Erdogan said the Western-backed Free Syrian Army would send 1,300 fighters to the Syrian town. A spokesman for the Western-backed Syrian opposition in exile, Kenan Mohammed, said there were no plans to send fighters to Kobani.
    (AP, 10/24/14)

2014        Oct 25, Syrian rebels fought fierce clashes with loyalist troops as they tried to secure their supply line to second city Aleppo against advances by the army. US warplanes over the last 24 hours destroyed an Islamic State artillery piece near Kobani.
    (AFP, 10/25/14)(Reuters, 10/25/14)

2014        Oct 26, In Syria Kurdish forces in Kobane thwarted a new attempt by fighters from the Islamic State group to cut off the border with Turkey before Iraqi Kurdish reinforcements can deploy. The jihadists have lost 481 dead, while 313 Kurds have been killed fighting to defend the area. Civilians accounted for 21 of the dead.
     (AFP, 10/26/14)
2014        Oct 26, In Syria 16 members of the same family were among 24 people killed in overnight government air strikes on the town of Talbisseh. Air strikes on the Waer district on the outskirts of Homs killed 7 people. 12 civilians from the same family were killed in government barrel bomb strikes on the rebel town of Busra al-Sham in southern Daraa province. Rebel fire on a school in Aleppo killed a child and a man.
    (AFP, 10/26/14)

2014        Oct 27, In Syria members of the al-Qaida-linked Nusra Front and other rebel factions launched simultaneous attacks on army checkpoints and the governor's office in the northwest, triggering hours-long clashes that left 19 troops and rebels dead.
    (AP, 10/27/14)

2014        Oct 28, Iraqi peshmerga fighters left Iraq for the besieged Syrian town of Kobani to help fellow Kurds in their battle against Islamic State militants. US forces staged four air strikes on Islamic State militants in Syria and allies joined in nine strikes on the group in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 10/28/14)

2014        Oct 29, Iraqi peshmerga fighters arrived in southeastern Turkey en route for the Syrian town of Kobani to try to help fellow Kurds break an Islamic State siege. The US military conducted 14 air strikes over the last 2 days against the IS in Syria and Iraq. Eight of the strikes were near Kobani.
    (Reuters, 10/29/14)

2014        Oct 30, A first group of Iraqi Kurdish peshmerga fighters entered the besieged Syrian town of Kobani to help push back Islamic State militants who have defied US air strikes. The Free Syrian Army (FSA) said it already has 400 fighters in Kobane and more are on the way.
    (Reuters, 10/30/14)(AFP, 10/30/14)

2014        Oct 31, In Syria US-led air strikes hit Islamic State positions around the border town of Kobani in an apparent bid to pave the way for heavily-armed Kurdish peshmerga forces to enter from neighboring Turkey.
    (Reuters, 10/31/14)

2014        Oct, Kenji Goto, a veteran Japanese war correspondent was captured by the militants late this month when he went to Syria seeking the release of Haruna Yukawa. Yukawa was seized by militants in August after going to Syria to launch a security company.
    (Reuters, 2/1/15)
2014        Oct, Syrian rebels released footage of the involvement of Russian intelligence officers at a Syrian military listening post on the Golan Heights.
    (Econ., 4/18/15, p.41)

2014        Nov 1, In Syria Islamist militants affiliated to al Qaeda seized the last remaining stronghold of Western-backed rebels in the northwest province of Idlib after days of fighting.
    (Reuters, 11/1/14)
2014        Nov 1, Some 150 Iraqi Kurdish forces arrived in the Syrian town of Kobani with heavy weapons to help Syrian Kurds fend off attempts by Islamic State insurgents to seize the town. Around 200 fighters from the Free Syrian Army (FSA) have also arrived in Kobani to help defend the town. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 100 Islamic State fighters were killed in the past three days.
    (Reuters, 11/1/14)

2014        Nov 2, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said nearly 2,000 people have died in Syrian prisons of torture, starvation and lack of medical treatment so far this year. Al-Qaeda affiliate Al-Nusra Front seized a town and several villages in Idlib province overnight.
    (AFP, 11/2/14)
2014        Nov 2, In Syria US military forces staged seven air strikes on Islamic State targets over the last 24 hours and were joined by allies in two more attacks in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 11/2/14)

2014        Nov 3, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said 8 men were beheaded last week and their bodies hung on makeshift crucifixes in Albu Kamal, Deir Ezzor province. IS jihadists also decapitated another 3 men, again hanging their corpses from crosses in the city of Deir Ezzor.
    (AFP, 11/3/14)
2014        Nov 3, The militant Islamic State group released 93 Syrian Kurds it captured in February as they made their way from northern Syria to neighboring Iraq. A day later Human Rights Watch said Islamic State militants had forced children as young as 14 to watch videos of beheadings and beat them with cables during six months of captivity.
    (Reuters, 11/4/14)
2014        Nov 3, The United States targeted Islamic State militants with five air strikes in Syria and nine in Iraq over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 11/3/14)

2014        Nov 5, In Syria mortar rounds slammed into a school in a rebel-held suburb east of Damascus, killing at least 13 children. In Kurdish-dominated north and northeastern regions, Kurdish forces distributed leaflets to residents, ordering them to report for compulsory military service.
    (AP, 11/5/14)
2014        Nov 5, The Islamic State said has shut all schools in areas it controls in eastern Syria pending a religious revision of the curriculum.
    (Reuters, 11/7/14)

2014        Nov 6, In northwest Syria a US-led coalition, set up to fight Islamic State, bombed the al Qaeda-linked Nusra Front and the Ahrar al-Sham radical faction. One strike on a base near the northern city of Aleppo killed at least six Nusra fighters. Residents of Harem said at least 4 children were killed and dozens injured in an attack they believed was launched by the coalition. Fighting in a majority Druze region near Lebanon killed 31 combatants loyal to Syria's President Bashar al-Assad and 14 rebels, including Al-Qaeda militants.
    (Reuters, 11/6/14)(AFP, 11/7/14)(AFP, 11/8/14)

2014        Nov 7, In Syria al-Qaida fighters of the Nusra Front seized three villages: Safuhan, Fatira and Hazari, in northwestern Idlib province, and were pushing to take others.
    (AP, 11/7/14)

2014        Nov 8, In Syria Islamic State shelling killed 2 civilians and wounded four others, including a child, at a camp for people forced by violence from Kobane to the west of the town. US-led air strikes overnight hit jihadist positions in the north and east, including an oil field. 2 people were killed.
    (AFP, 11/8/14)

2014        Nov 9, In Syria 5 nuclear scientists were killed in a machine gun ambush outside Damascus. One of the men was an Iranian nuclear technician. Syrian rebels working for Israel were blamed.
    (SFC, 11/11/14, p.A4)
2014        Nov 9, In Syria at least 21 people were killed and around 100 wounded overnight when regime army planes bombed al-Bab, a town controlled by Islamic State militants northeast of Aleppo.
    (Reuters, 11/9/14)
2014        Nov 9, Monitors said that that officials in a predominantly Kurdish province of northeastern Syria have issued a women's rights decree, in an apparent rebuke to the hardline views of Islamic State insurgents who have advanced in the region.
    (Reuters, 11/9/14)

2014        Nov 10, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad said he was ready to study a UN plan to "freeze" fighting in the northern city of Aleppo. National Reconciliation Minister Ali Haidar said Syria has freed around 11,000 detainees since President Bashar al-Assad declared a general amnesty in June. The British-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights disputed the government's figures, saying the number of people released was closer to 7,000 people.
    (AFP, 11/10/14)(AFP, 11/11/14)
2014        Nov 10, US Central Command said it launched 23 air strikes in Syria over the weekend including 13 aimed near the key border town of Kobani and 10 hit near Dayr Az Zawr. Another 18 air strikes were launched against the Islamic State in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 11/10/14)

2014        Nov 11, Syrian Kurds backed by fighters from northern Iraq gained ground towards breaking the siege of the Syrian border town of Kobani but are drawing heavy fire from Islamic State insurgents and have yet to win back control.
    (Reuters, 11/11/14)

2014        Nov 13, In Syria a US strike targeted the Khorasan group near the town of Harem, Idlib province. The US says the group is a special cell within al-Qaida's Syrian branch — known as the Nusra Front.
    (AP, 11/14/14)
2014        Nov 13, A website affiliated with the Islamic State group said IS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi has ordered the terror organization to start minting gold, silver and copper coins for its own currency, the Islamic dinar.
    (AP, 11/14/14)

2014        Nov 14, In Syria armed clashes erupted in Douma after hungry residents stormed food warehouses belonging to an Islamist rebel group. Residents said the Army of Islam only distributes food and medical supplies to its fighters.
    (AFP, 11/15/14)
2014        Nov 14, UN investigators said Islamic State commanders are liable for war crimes on a "massive scale" in northeast Syria where they spread terror by beheading, stoning and shooting civilians and captured fighters.
    (Reuters, 11/14/14)

2014        Nov 15, Turkish media reported that Turkey and the United States have agreed a plan under which some 2,000 fighters from the moderate Syrian opposition would be trained on Turkish soil.
    (AFP, 11/15/14)

2014        Nov 16, In Syria the US-led coalition against the Islamic State jihadist group carried out a series of air strikes overnight on Kobane. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said that the toll since fighting began had risen to 1,153, including 27 civilians, 398 Kurdish YPG fighters, 16 non-Kurdish rebels backing the YPG and 712 Islamic State fighters.
    (AFP, 11/16/14)
2014        Nov 16, An Islamic State group video released today purported to show extremists beheading a dozen Syrian soldiers. It ended with a militant claiming to have killed US aid worker Peter Kassig (26). Kassig had formed the aid organization Special Emergency Response and Assistance, or SERA, in Turkey to aid Syrian refugees. He delivered food and medical supplies and provided trauma care to wounded Syrian civilians before being captured in eastern Syria last year.
    (AP, 11/16/14)

2014        Nov 17, US Central Command said US military forces conducted 11 air strikes against Islamic militants in Syria and 20 in Iraq since Nov 14.
    (Reuters, 11/17/14)

2014        Nov 18, A Syrian military airstrike killed at least 13 people, including children, and wounded another 20 in the northern province of Aleppo after striking a neighborhood with crude bombs. Kurds captured six IS-controlled buildings in Kobani and confiscated a large amount of weapons and ammunition.
    (AP, 11/18/14)(AP, 11/19/14)

2014        Nov 22, US Vice President Joe Biden announced nearly $135 million in humanitarian aid to help feed civilians affected by Syria's war.
    (AP, 11/22/14)

2014        Nov 23, In northern Syria members of al Qaeda wing Nusra Front and other Sunni Islamist battalions seized an area south of a Shi'ite Muslim village after deadly clashes with pro-government fighters. The clashes killed at least 8 of the fighters advancing on al-Zahra and a number of fighters from the pro-government National Defense Force.
    (Reuters, 11/23/14)

2014        Nov 25, Syrian warplanes conducted a series of airstrikes on the northeastern city of Raqqa, killing at least 95 people. Some of the airstrikes hit a popular market near a museum and an industrial neighborhood, causing many civilian casualties.
    (AP, 11/25/14)(AP, 11/26/14)

2014        Nov 26, Syrian government forces killed at least 30 rebels in an ambush in the suburbs of Damascus where troops and allied gunmen have been on the offensive for weeks.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 26, US Central Command said the US led 17 air strikes on Islamic State targets in Iraq and Syria since Nov 24 as part of Operation Inherent Resolve.
    (Reuters, 11/26/14)
2014        Nov 26, It was reported that Qatar is covertly training moderate Syrian rebels with US help to fight both President Bashar al-Assad and Islamic State and that the program has been running for nearly a year.
    (Reuters, 11/26/14)

2014        Nov 27, Syrian government warplanes kept up air raids on the northern city of Raqqa, the de facto capital of the Islamic State group, killing at least 7 people.
    (AP, 11/27/14)

2014        Nov 28, In Iraq bombings and a shooting killed 9 people around the capital, Baghdad. US Central Command said the US military and its allies have hit Islamic State forces with 15 air strikes in Iraq and Syria during a three-day period.
    (AP, 11/28/14)(Reuters, 11/27/14)

2014        Nov 29, The Islamic State group launched an attack on the Syrian border town of Kobani. The latest fighting killed at least 8 Kurdish fighters and 17 jihadis. The US-led coalition launched an airstrike morning on the eastern side of the town. Turkey denied that IS fighters had used its territory for the raid.
    (AP, 11/29/14)

2014        Nov 30, Syrian government aircraft targeted the southern town of Jasim, Daraa province, with a series of airstrikes, killing at least a dozen people including women and children. US-led coalition warplanes carried out as many as 30 airstrikes overnight against Islamic State militants in and around Raqqa, the group's de facto northeastern capital.
    (AP, 11/30/14)

2014        Dec 1, The UN World Food Program suspended a food voucher program serving more than 1.7 million Syrian refugees, citing a funding crisis after many donors failed to meet their commitments.
    (AP, 12/1/14)

2014        Dec 2, Lebanese security officials said that Lebanon’s army detained Saja al-Dulaimi, an alleged wife and daughter of Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, as they crossed from Syria nine days ago. They said authorities have also detained the wife of Anas Shirkas, senior Nusra Front leader from Syria. On Dec 3 a statement by Iraq's Interior Ministry spokesman Saad Maan said Saja al-Dulaimi is not a wife of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi and that she is the sister of a terror suspect being held in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 12/2/14)(AP, 12/3/14)

2014        Dec 3, Human Rights Watch urged Turkey to remove from its border with Syria landmines which have killed 3 people and wounded nine among more than 2,000 Syrian refugees camped in a minefield.
    (Reuters, 12/3/14)

2014        Dec 4, In Syria at least 19 government soldiers and militiamen were reported killed after Islamic State launched an overnight attack on one of the government's last remaining strongholds in Deir al-Zor province. 7 IS fighters were reported killed.
    (AP, 12/4/14)
2014        Dec 4, Kurdish sources said a second group of 150 Iraqi Kurdish peshmerga forces has entered the Syrian border town of Kobani from Turkey to replace a first group helping Kurdish forces fight off a siege by Islamic State militants.
    (Reuters, 12/4/14)

2014        Dec 5, In Syria clashes continued for a 2nd day as IS militants pushed to capture the Syrian air base at Deor el-Zour. 30 government troops and 27 jihadists were said to have died so far.
    (SFC, 12/6/14, p.A3)

2014        Dec 6, Rebels in southern Syria signed an agreement toward unity that may attract more support from their Western and Arab backers, forging a joint defense pact to help shield them from government forces and Islamic State. It followed an agreement among the southern groups on a transition plan for Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/11/14)

2014        Dec 7, Israeli warplanes struck near Damascus' international airport, as well as outside a town close to the Lebanese border.
    (AP, 12/8/14)

2014        Dec 8, In northern Syria the militant Islamic State group beheaded a man in Solouk, Raqqa province, after accusing him of blasphemy. 3 journalists from the opposition television channel Orient News were killed in the southwest when a missile hit their vehicle in Deraa province.
    (AP, 12/9/14)(Reuters, 12/10/14)

2014        Dec 9, The UN World Food Program said it has reinstated a food aid program to help feed over 1.7 million Syrian refugees following a significan cash infusion.
    (SFC, 12/10/14, p.A3)

2014        Dec 10, US military officials said the United States and partner nations have launched 20 airstrikes against Islamic State militants in recent days with seven strikes in Syria and led 13 strikes in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 12/10/14)

2014        Dec 12, In Syria the Islamic State group's police force beheaded four men in the central province of Homs for blasphemy.
    (AP, 12/13/14)
2014        Dec 12, Syrian rebels using improvised mortar bombs made of cooking gas canisters killed 311 civilians between July and December this year according to The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.
    (Reuters, 12/12/14)
2014        Dec 12, EU governments agreed to ban the export of jet fuel to Syria from Dec 14, saying it was being used by the Syrian air force for indiscriminate attacks against civilians.
    (Reuters, 12/12/14)
2014        Dec 12, The US and its allies carried out 7 airstrikes on Islamic State targets in Syria and 20 in Iraq in the past three days.
    (Reuters, 12/12/14)

2014        Dec 13, Hazem Sherif, a Syrian from war-torn Aleppo, was declared the winner of this year's "Arab Idol" singing contest at the grand finale of the grueling four-month television competition in Beirut.
    (AFP, 12/14/14)

2014        Dec 14, In northwestern Syria rebels and al-Qaida militants took over at least three government checkpoints around a pair of military bases. At least 15 pro-government troops and 8 opposition fighters were killed in the clashes. Government forces killed at least 21 rebels in the Handarat area.
    (AP, 12/14/14)

2014        Dec 15, In Syria the al-Qaeda-linked Nusra Front dealt a major blow to the government by seizing Hamidiyeh and Wadi al-Deif, two key army bases, giving them control over most of Idlib province. Around 100 government soldiers and 80 Islamist fighters were killed during the two-day battle. Around 120 soldiers were captured in the assault.
    (AFP, 12/15/14)(Reuters, 12/16/14)

2014        Dec 16, Syria's state news agency SANA said that the army had killed more than 60 "terrorists" from the Islamic State militant group in the province of Deir al-Zor.
    (Reuters, 12/16/14)

2014        Dec 17, The UN Security Council renewed for 12 months its authorization for humanitarian access without Syrian government consent into rebel-held areas of Syria at four border crossings from Turkey, Iraq and Jordan.
    (Reuters, 12/17/14)

2014        Dec 19, The US-led coalition conducted 11 air strikes against Islamic State militants in Iraq and 4 in Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/19/14)

2014        Dec 20, In Syria an activist opposed to both the Islamic State and the regime of President Bashar al-Assad said he had "verified 100 executions" of foreign IS fighters trying to leave Raqqa, the jihadist group's de facto capital. Kurdish fighters advanced in the contested northern town of Kobani after heavy clashes with the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 12/20/14)(AP, 12/20/14)

2014        Dec 21, A Syrian military source announced that an Israeli unmanned Skylark-1 model drone has been shot down in Quneitra province, close to the village of Hader" near the Golan Heights.
    (AFP, 12/22/14)
2014        Dec 21, US-led forces attacked Islamic State targets with 13 air strikes in Iraq and three in Syria, using fighter, bomber and other aircraft.
    (Reuters, 12/21/14)

2014        Dec 22, The World Health Organization said the Syrian government has approved the delivery of medicine and surgical supplies to three areas of the country aid workers were previously unable to reach regularly, including opposition-held Aleppo.
    (Reuters, 12/22/14)

2014        Dec 23, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported the deaths of 29 civilians in regime air raids across Syria. It also said US-led air strikes in Syria have killed more than 1,000 jihadists in the past three months, nearly all of them from the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 12/23/14)
2014        Dec 23, The UN said nearly 300 sites of incalculable value for Syria and human history have been destroyed, damaged or looted in almost four years of war.
    (AFP, 12/23/14)

2014        Dec 24, In nofthern Syria the Islamic State group captured a Jordanian pilot after his warplane from the US-led coalition was reportedly shot down while on a mission against the jihadists.
    (AP, 12/24/14)
2014        Dec 24, The US-led campaign against Islamic State in Syria and Iraq included 10 air strikes in Syria and seven in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 12/24/14)

2014        Dec 25, It was reported that rebel groups fighting in Syria's northern Aleppo province have agreed to form an alliance called the Shamiyya Front. Government airstrikes on al-Bab and neighboring Qabasin killed at least 53 people, including 7 children in the northern province of Aleppo. At least 44 members of the Islamic State group were killed in clashes with Kurdish forces. 30 were killed Qassiab, Hasakeh province, and 14 in Kobane. 3 Kurdish fighters were also killed in the clashes.
    (Reuters, 12/25/14)(AFP, 12/25/14)(AP, 12/26/14)

2014        Dec 26, The US-led coalition pounded the Islamic State jihadist group with 31 air strikes, including 16 in Syria with 13 in the flashpoint Syrian town of Kobane and 15 in Iraq.
    (AFP, 12/26/14)
2014        Dec 26, Syrian forces killed Mohammed al-Ghazzawi, a former Sidney resident and the latest Australian jihadist to be killed fighting for the Islamic State.
    (SSFC, 1/3/15, p.A4)

2014        Dec 28, US-led forces conducted eight air strikes against Islamic State militants in Syria and five strikes on IS targets in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 12/28/14)

2014        Dec 29, The US-led coalition launched 18 air strikes against Islamic State, including 12 in Syria and six in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 12/29/14)

2014        Dec 30, The United States and its allies conducted 15 air strikes against Islamic State militants in Syria and Iraq, hitting several units of fighters and buildings.
    (Reuters, 12/30/14)

2014        Dec 31, Some 970 mostly Syrian migrants arrived in Italy on the Blue Sky M cargo ship after apparently being abandoned by its crew in the Adriatic Sea.
    (Reuters, 12/31/14)
2014        Dec 31, Kurdish forces were reported to have regained control of around 70 percent of the Syrian town of Kobani after pushing back Islamic State fighters that have spent months besieging it.
    (Reuters, 12/31/14)
2014        Dec 31, Kurdish Iraqi forces launched a large-scale offensive to push Islamic State group extremists from an area outside the militant-held northern city of Mosul. The United States and its allies staged 29 air strikes on Islamic State targets in Syria and Iraq.
    (Reuters, 1/1/15)(AP, 12/31/14)

2014        Dec, The United Arab Emirates dropped out of the group of countries conducting airstrikes against IS targets in Syria.
    (AP, 2/4/15)

2014        Syria ranked 159 out of 175 countries for corruption, according to Transparency International, with graft endemic at all levels.
    (AFP, 8/27/15)

2015        Jan 1, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a monitoring group, recorded 76,021 deaths for 2014.
    (AFP, 1/1/15)

2015        Jan 2, in northeastern Syria US-led coalition warplanes carried out at least 13 airstrikes overnight in and around Raqqa, the Islamic State group's de facto capital. At least 19 people were killed overnight by Syrian rebel fire on government-controlled parts of the northern city of Aleppo.
    (AP, 1/2/15)(AFP, 1/2/15)
2015        Jan 2, In Turkey the main Western-backed Syrian opposition group opened a three-day meeting to discuss a range of issues, including a Russian initiative to hold peace talks in Moscow to broker a resolution to Syria's civil war.
    (AP, 1/2/15)

2015        Jan 4, In Syria Islamist fighters seized a suburb east of Damascus after driving out a smaller rival insurgent group in deadly clashes.
    (Reuters, 1/4/15)
2015        Jan 4, Syria's western-backed opposition group elected Khalid Khoja as its new leader during a three-day meeting in Istanbul of the National Coalition. Khalid Khoja announced the next day that his group is not yet willing to go to peace talks in Moscow.
    (AP, 1/5/15)

2015        Jan 5, Lebanon began imposing unprecedented restrictions on the entry of Syrians, as it struggled to cope with well over a million refugees feeling the civil war next door.
    (AP, 1/5/15)
2015        Jan 5, The US-led coalition launched 20 more air strikes against Islamic State in Syria and Iraq over the last 24 hours, targeting fighters for the militant group and hitting its crude oil operations.
    (Reuters, 1/5/15)

2015        Jan 6, Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said a top figure in Islamic State's self-declared police force, which has carried out beheadings, was himself found decapitated in eastern Syria.
    (Reuters, 1/6/15)
2015        Jan 6, The UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) said an estimated 670,000 children in Syria are being deprived of education after Islamic State forces ordered schools closed while the curriculum is made to conform with religious rules.
    (Reuters, 1/6/15)
2015        Jan 6, The US-led coalition conducted 10 air strikes against Islamic State in Syria, mostly targeting the contested city of Kobani, and two strikes in Iraq over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 1/6/15)

2015        Jan 8, In southern Syria al-Qaida Nusra Front militants blew up the 13th century tomb of a revered Islamic scholar.
    (Reuters, 1/8/15)
2015        Jan 8, Canada announced that it would welcome 10,000 Syrians over three years and 3,000 more Iraqis fleeing war and Islamic State militants.
    (SSFC, 1/11/15, p.A4)

2015        Jan 11, The US military said American-led forces launched 19 air strikes against Islamic State militants in Syria and Iraq over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 1/11/15)

2015        Jan 12, Hacker group CyberCaliphate took over the Twitter and YouTube accounts of US Central Command. The Pentagon called it an annoying prank that did not breach military networks.
    (AP, 1/13/15)(SFC, 1/13/15, p.A6)

2015        Jan 13, The Islamic State jihadist group released a video purporting to show a young boy executing two men accused of working for Russian intelligence services in Syria.
    (AFP, 1/13/15)

2015        Jan 14, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said that in total 14 people had been executed for alleged adultery or homosexuality in the war-torn country since July, half of them women. A new video showed fighters from Al-Nusra Front, Al-Qaeda's Syrian affiliate, tying up a woman and shooting her in a square for alleged adultery.
    (AFP, 1/14/15)
2015        Jan 14, In Turkey, a child (12) was allegedly shot and killed by security forces in the old southeastern Kurdish settlement of Cizre.
    (Econ, 2/14/15, p.46)

2015        Jan 15, Syrian rebels and government forces began observing a 10-day truce in the last rebel-held area of the central city of Homs, marking another setback for opposition fighters.
    (AP, 1/15/15)

2015        Jan 16, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the Islamic State has beheaded or shot 17 men in Syria in the past two days as it faces increasing attacks from unidentified gunmen in areas it controls.
    (Reuters, 1/16/15)
2015        Jan 16, A senior Russian diplomat said far more than 800 Russians are fighting alongside the Islamic State group. Those who have joined the group include people from Chechnya and some other regions in the volatile North Caucasus.
    (AP, 1/16/15)

2015        Jan 17, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said clashes broke out in the northeastern city of Hassakeh after members of a Kurdish militia detained 10 Syrian soldiers and pro-government gunmen after they deployed in areas controlled by the Kurds.
    (AP, 1/17/15)
2015        Jan 17, At least 35 Syrian soldiers were killed when an army cargo plane crashed in bad night weather in the northwest of the country. Al-Nusra Front claimed on Twitter that it had shot down the aircraft.
    (AFP, 1/18/15)
2015        Jan 17, Morocco said it has dismantled an Islamist militant cell sending fighters to Syria and Iraq to join Islamic State and mount attacks on returning home. A security source said the government thinks nearly 2,000 Moroccans have fought in Syria's civil war and in Iraq with Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 1/17/15)
2015        Jan 17, A Turkish intelligence report said around 3,000 people in Turkey are believed to be linked to the Islamic State (IS) jihadist group.
    (AFP, 1/17/15)
2015        Jan 17, The United States and its allies conducted 29 airstrikes on Islamic State targets in Syria and Iraq over the last 24-hours.
    (Reuters, 1/17/15)

2015        Jan 18, In Syria at least 18 people were killed in unprecedented fighting between Kurdish forces and Syrian government troops in the northeastern city of Hasakeh over the last 24 hours.
    (AFP, 1/18/15)
2015        Jan 18, An Israel air strike on the Syrian side of the Golan Heights killed Hezbollah military commander Mohammed Issa, responsible for Hezbollah's operations in Syria and Iraq, and Jihad Mughniyeh, the son of an assassinated commander from the group. General Mohammad Ali Allahdadi was among 6 Iranians killed in the attack.
    (AFP, 1/18/15)(AP, 1/19/15)

2015        Jan 19, In Syria Kurdish fighters captured a strategic hill overlooking the town of Kobani after intense clashes with the Islamic State group.
    (AP, 1/19/15)

2015        Jan 20, Syrian government air strikes killed at least 12 civilians in two towns in Idlib province. An airstrike in the village of Khansaa, in far eastern Syria near the Iraq border reportedly killed dozens.
    (AFP, 1/20/15)(AP, 1/20/15)
2015        Jan 20, The US-led coalition conducted nearly 20 more air strikes against Islamic State militants in Syria and Iraq over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 1/20/15)

2015        Jan 21, In Syria a car bomb on a shopping street in the government-controlled third city of Homs killed 7 people and wounded 30.
    (AFP, 1/21/15)
2015        Jan 21, Kurdish security forces launched an offensive on the Islamic State (IS) group in northern Iraq and retook villages the jihadists used to launch attacks. The US and its partners launched 23 air strikes in Syria and Iraq against Islamic State in the last 24 hours.
    (AFP, 1/21/15)

2015        Jan 22, Kurdish officials claimed they had cut a key road linking the IS stronghold of Mosul with Tal Afar to the west as US and coalition bombers, fighter jets and drones carried out a total of 31 air raids over the last 24 hours, including ten in Syria and 21 in Iraq.
    (AFP, 1/22/15)

2015        Jan 23, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said a government air strike killed at least 32 people including 6 children in a rebel-held area near Damascus.
    (Reuters, 1/23/15)(AP, 1/23/15)
2015        Jan 23, The United States and its coalition partners launched another round of air strikes against Islamic State, conducting 25 strikes in Iraq and Syria in the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 1/23/15)

2015        Jan 24, In Syria a rebel mortar attack on Damascus killed at least 3 people and wounded 11.
    (AP, 1/24/15)
2015        Jan 24, The United States and its coalition partners launched another round of air strikes against Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria, conducting 26 strikes in the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 1/24/15)

2015        Jan 25, In Syria Islamist fighters struck Damascus with at least 38 rockets, killing 7 people. The Saudi-backed Islam Army, based in the eastern Ghouta region near Damascus, had warned earlier that it would hit back against an air strike last week in Ghouta in which more than 40 people were killed.
    (Reuters, 1/25/15)

2015        Jan 26, In Syria Kurdish forces took full control of Kobani, driving out remaining Islamic State fighters to end a four-month battle. Half the city was completely destroyed and much of the rest had suffered damage.  Turkish locals said 17 fighters had been killed in fighting jihadists in Kobane.
    (Reuters, 1/26/15)(Econ, 2/14/15, p.46)
2015        Jan 26, US and partner nations launched 21 air strikes in Syria and 13 in Iraq over the last 24-hours.
    (Reuters, 1/26/15)

2015        Jan 27, At least two rockets from Syria hit the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights and Israel returned fire.
    (Reuters, 1/27/15)

2015        Jan 28, In Israel missiles fired by the Lebanese Hezbollah group struck an Israeli military convoy, killing two soldiers in an apparent retaliation for a deadly airstrike attributed to Israel that killed six Hezbollah fighters in Syria earlier this month. Israeli warplanes struck Syrian army targets on the Golan Heights hours after rockets hit the Israeli-held sector.
    (AP, 1/28/15)(AFP, 1/28/15)
2015        Jan 28, A new study said an estimated 550 women who have traveled to Iraq and Syria are expected to marry, keep house and bear children.
    (AFP, 1/28/15)

2015        Jan 29, The Syrian arm of al Qaeda attacked a Western-backed rebel group near Aleppo. The Nusra Front seized positions from the Hazzm movement west of Aleppo. Government airstrikes killed at least 8 people in the northern town of al-Bab held by the Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 1/29/15)(AP, 1/29/15)
2015        Jan 29, Representatives of the Syrian government and the opposition wrapped up four days of consultations in Russia with a general statement avoiding any sharp issues.
    (AP, 1/29/15)

2015        Jan 30, Syria's Al-Qaeda affiliate Al-Nusra Front fought Western-backed rebels as the jihadists pressed to take control of a northern area. Syrian opposition fighters detonated a cache of explosives in a tunnel under an army post in the northwestern province of Idlib, inflicting heavy casualties among government troops. The government denied the casualties and said the targeted post was empty.
    (AFP, 1/30/15)(AP, 1/30/15)
2015        Jan 30, The US-led coalition said it launched six air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 1/30/15)

2015        Jan 31, Islamic State militants said they had beheaded a second Japanese hostage, journalist Kenji Goto, prompting PM Shinzo Abe to vow to step up humanitarian aid to the group's opponents in the Middle East and help bring his killers to justice.
    (Reuters, 2/1/15)
2015        Jan 31, In Syria a pro-government faction known as the National Resistance Movement shot dead an army defector in Daraa province after accusing him of spying for Israel.
    (AP, 2/2/15)

2015        Feb 1, In Syria a bomb tore apart a bus thought to be carrying Lebanese Shi'ite Muslim pilgrims in Damascus, killing at least 7 people and wounding 19. A Nusra Front Twitter feed said one of the group's members blew himself up inside a bus at the market.
    (Reuters, 2/1/15)(AFP, 2/1/15)
2015        Feb 1, The United States and its allies have carried out 26 air strikes in Iraq and eight in Syria over the last 24 hours in continued attacks on Islamic State targets.
    (Reuters, 2/1/15)

2015        Feb 2, Syrian government warplanes carried out several air raids on a rebel-held village in the country's south, killing at least 15 people and wounding dozens in Daraa province.
    (AP, 2/2/15)(AFP, 2/2/15)

2015        Feb 3, Supporters of the Islamic State insurgent group circulated photos on social media purporting to show captive Jordanian pilot Muath al-Kasaesbeh being burnt alive.
    (Reuters, 2/3/15)
2015        Feb 3, US and allied forces staged airstrikes on 14 Islamic State targets in Iraq and Syria in the last 24-hour period.
    (Reuters, 2/3/15)
2015        Feb 3, The United Nations World Food Program (WFP) declared itself "extremely concerned" by photographs showing its food parcels being handed out in Syria with Islamic State logos on them.
    (Reuters, 2/3/15)

2015        Feb 4, The United States and its allies staged 11 airstrikes near the Syrian city of Kobani, and also targeted the insurgent group with six strikes in Iraq over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 2/4/15)

2015        Feb 5, Syrian government forces and rebel forces traded salvos of rockets and mortar shells around Damascus, killing at least 21 people. Syrian army helicopters dropped two barrel bombs on a crowded square in a rebel-held neighborhood in the northern city of Aleppo.
    (AP, 2/5/15)(AP, 2/6/15)
2015        Feb 5, Jordanian fighter jets pounded Islamic State hideouts in Syria and then roared over the hometown of a pilot killed by the militants while King Abdullah consoled the victim's family below.
    (Reuters, 2/5/15)

2015        Feb 6, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the government air force conducted 60 strikes on the Eastern Ghouta district outside Damascus leaving 82 dead over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 2/6/15)
2015        Feb 6, The American military said US-led forces have launched 10 air strikes in Syria and eight in Iraq against Islamic State militants over the last 24 hrs.  A purported statement by the Islamic State group claimed that an American female hostage was killed in a Jordanian airstrike on the outskirts of Raqqa, the militant group's main stronghold. Kayla Jean Mueller (26), an aid worker, was captured in 2013. On May 14 it was reported that Mueller had been raped repeatedly by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the self-proclaimed caliph of the IS.
    (Reuters, 2/6/15)(AP, 2/6/15)(AP, 8/15/15)

2015        Feb 7, Jordan carried out a third straight day of air strikes on Islamic State targets.
    (Reuters, 2/7/15)
2015        Feb 7, The United Arab Emirates said it has ordered a squadron of F-16 fighters to Jordan, which would participate in airstrikes on the Islamic State group after the UAE earlier suspended its involvement.
    (AP, 2/7/15)
2015        Feb 7, US-led forces launched 15 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and 11 in Syria over the last 24 hours. Nine targets in Syria centered around the border city of Kobani.
    (Reuters, 2/7/15)

2015        Feb 8, Jordan said it has launched 56 airstrikes against Islamic State group weapons depots, training centers and military barracks since militants released a video on Feb 3 of them burning a Jordanian pilot to death.
    (AP, 2/8/15)

2015        Feb 9, In Syria at least 15 people were reported killed and dozens wounded on in government air strikes on an area outside Damascus. Barrel bombs over the next 48 hours left at least 18 people dead in Douma, a rebel-held area of Damascus.
    (AFP, 2/9/15)(Econ., 2/21/15, p.45)

2015        Feb 10, Syria's army gained ground from rebels in the south in what a monitoring group described as a large-scale offensive in the region backed by Lebanese Hezbollah fighters against insurgents including al Qaeda's Syrian wing. The operation began two days earlier.
    (Reuters, 2/10/15)
2015        Feb 10, The United Arab Emirates launched airstrikes against the Islamic State group from an air base in Jordan.
    (AP, 2/10/15)

2015        Feb 11, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said government air force raids have killed at least 183 people in insurgent strongholds east of the capital in the past 10 days.
    (Reuters, 2/11/15)
2015        Feb 11, US President Barack Obama sent Congress his text for an authorization to use military force in the campaign against Islamic State, limiting operations against the militants to three years and barring use of US troops in "enduring offensive ground combat."
    (Reuters, 2/11/15)

2015        Feb 12, US-led forces hit Islamic State targets in Iraq with 12 air strikes and three air strikes in Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 2/12/15)
2015        Feb 12, The UN Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2199 aimed at choking off earnings from oil smuggling, antiquities trafficking and ransom payments to the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 2/12/15)(Econ, 6/13/15, p.46)

2015        Feb 15, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its coalition partners conducted 11 air strikes against Islamic State militants, three in Syria and eight in Iraq over the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 2/15/15)

2015        Feb 16, Syrian state news said 9 people, including three children, were killed today in rebel fire on a government-held neighborhood in the northern city of Aleppo.
    (AFP, 2/16/15)
2015        Feb 16, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its coalition partners launched air strikes against Islamic State targets; two in Syria and 13 in Iraq over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 2/16/15)

2015        Feb 17, Syrian government forces backed by Lebanese militant Hezbollah fighters captured several villages near the northern city of Aleppo in lightning advances. Regime forces executed six families of rebel fighters. Ten children, 5 women and 13 rebels from the six families were among at least 48 people killed in the village of Rityan.
    (AP, 2/17/15)(AFP, 2/21/15)
2015        Feb 17, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies staged six airstrikes around the Syrian town of Kobani and eight strikes on Islamic State in Iraq over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 2/17/15)
2015        Feb 17, Three British girls (Kadiza Sultana (16) and 15-year-olds Shamima Begum and Amira Abase) flew from London to Turkey in a suspected bid to join the Islamic State group. On March 12 Turkey announced the arrest of an agent who helped the girls cross into Syria. The agent also worked as a courier to transfer money to jihadists.
    (SSFC, 2/22/15, p.A5)(AP, 3/15/15)(AFP, 3/15/15)

2015        Feb 18, Syrian rebels regained much of the territory north of the city of Aleppo lost to government troops in fierce fighting the previous day in clashes that left more than 100 dead on both sides. UN envoy Staffan de Mistura said he received a government commitment to suspend airstrikes on the city of Aleppo for six weeks. Rebels captured 32 soldiers and pro-government gunmen near Aleppo, where fighting raged as the two sides tried to grab new territory ahead of a possible truce.
    (AP, 2/18/15)(AP, 2/19/15)

2015        Feb 19, In Syria rebels recaptured the village of Hardatnein, two days after it was taken by government forces. The Observatory said 90 troops and pro-government gunmen, in addition to 81 rebels, have been killed since the fighting began near Aleppo on Feb 17.
    (AP, 2/19/15)
2015        Feb 19, In Iraq and Syria the US-led coalition staged 15 air strikes on Islamic State forces over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 2/19/15)

2015        Feb 20, UN war crimes investigators announced a radical change of strategy, saying they would publish names of suspects involved in Syria's four-year war and push for new routes towards international justice.
    (Reuters, 2/20/15)

2015        Feb 21, In Syria 8 people, including 2 women and 2 children, were killed when a barrel bomb hit a building in an opposition-held area of Aleppo. 5 more people were reported killed in rebel shelling of regime-held areas of the city. Syria’s air force also killed at least 7 people in rebel areas east of Damascus. A car bomb attack in the parking of Qardaha hospital killed four citizens and wounded several others.
    (AFP, 2/21/15)
2015        Feb 21, In Iraq and Syria the US-led coalition said it has staged six air strikes against Islamic State targets over the past 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 2/21/15)

2015        Feb 22, Almost 600 Turkish troops pushed deep into Syria evacuating Turkish soldiers guarding a historic tomb who had been stranded in territory controlled by Islamic State jihadists. They brought back the tomb containing the remains of Suleyman Shah, grandfather of the Ottoman empire's founder, Osman I.
    (AFP, 2/22/15)
2015        Feb 22, A Syrian man was shown beheaded in a video posted to Facebook. Malaysian authorities later Mohd Faris Anuar (20) and Muhamad Wanndy Muhammad Jedi (25) of Malaysia as the men involved in the beheading by the Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 3/4/15)

2015        Feb 23, In Syria a rocket struck a prison in a suburb of Damascus, killing at least 4 people.
    (AP, 2/23/15)
2015        Feb 23, In northeast Syria jihadists from the Islamic State group kidnapped at least 90 Assyrian Christians, after overrunning two villages in Hassakeh province. The abducted number rose to 220 over the next few days as militants rounded up more hostages from a chain of villages along the strategic Khabur River. In 2016 the int’l. Assyrian Christian community raised millions in ransom and freed 226 kidnapped members.
    (AFP, 2/24/15)(Reuters, 2/25/15)(AP, 2/26/15)(SFC, 12/7/16, p.A2)
2015        Feb 23, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies staged 25 air strikes on Islamic State fighters over the last 24 hours. About 800 Iraqi forces backed by US warplanes waged a battle to retake the western town of Al-Baghdadi from Islamic State jihadists.
    (Reuters, 2/23/15)(AFP, 2/23/15)

2015        Feb 25, In Iraq and Syria the US and its partner nations launched 15 air strikes against the Islamic State with six in Iraq and nine in Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 2/25/15)

2015        Feb 26, In northeastern Syria the US-led coalition carried out air strikes against the Islamic State group, where the jihadists have launched a new offensive and kidnapped 220 Assyrian Christians.
    (AFP, 2/26/15)
2015        Feb 26, “Jihadi John," a member of the Islamic State and the beheader of at least 5 Western hostages, was identified as a British Islamist named Mohammed Emwazi. He first appeared in a video last August, when he apparently killed the US journalist James Foley.
    (www.bbc.com/news/uk-31637090)(Econ., 3/7/15, p.59)

2015        Feb 27, In northeast Syria Kurdish forces dealt a blow to Islamic State by capturing Tel Hamis in the latest stage of a powerful offensive. Kurdish forces killed at least 175 members and commanders of the ultra-hardline Islamist militants in an offensive which began last weekend. Nusra Front commander Samir Hijazi was among three fellow leaders killed in an apparent airstrike.
    (Reuters, 2/27/15)(SFC, 3/7/15, p.A2)
2015        Feb 27, Britain and France dismissed any suggestion of restoring relations with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, saying this would likely end all hope of a political transition and push moderates into the arms of radical Islamist groups.
    (Reuters, 2/27/15)

2015        Feb 28, In Syria Al-Qaeda's affiliate drove US-backed rebels out of Base 46, a northern military base west of Aleppo. At least 29 fighters from the Western-armed Hazm movement were killed along with 6 Al-Nusra Front jihadists.
    (AFP, 2/28/15)

2015        Mar 1, The Islamic State released at least 19 Christians, whoi were among over 220 people taken captive last week in northeastern Syria.
    (SFC, 3/2/15, p.A2)
2015        Mar 1, In Iraq and Syria a US-led coalition launched 9 air strikes including seven in Iraq and two in Syria against Islamic State militants over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 3/1/15)

2015        Mar 2, Syrian regime forces and Kurdish militia fought separate battles with the Islamic State group in a strategic area near the Iraqi and Turkish borders.
    (AFP, 3/2/15)
2015        Mar 2, Konstandinos Erik Scurfield (25), a former Royal Marine, died in a battle with IS militants, becoming the first Briton to be killed while fighting with Kurdish forces battling Islamic State jihadists in Syria.
    (AFP, 3/4/15)

2015        Mar 4, In Iraq and Syria the US and its allies staged 12 air strikes on Islamic State targets over the last 24-hours.
    (Reuters, 3/4/15)

2015        Mar 5, Syrian government helicopter gunships bombed the northern city of Aleppo, killing at least 18 people and wounding dozens.
    (AP, 3/5/15)
2015        Mar 5, In Syria Abu Hammam al-Shami, the military chief of the Al-Qaeda-affiliated Al-Nusra, reportedly died of injuries believed to have suffered from an air strike on Feb 27.
    (AFP, 3/6/15)

2015        Mar 6, In Iraq and Syria coalition forces led by the US military targeted Islamic State militants with 16 air strikes over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 3/6/15)

2015        Mar 7, In northeastern Syria Islamic State militants attacked a string of predominantly Christian villages. At least 8 militants were killed in the fighting and an unknown number of Kurds. At least 9 members of Islamic State were killed during infighting near the town of al-Bab after some of them tried to flee over the Turkish border.
    (AP, 3/7/15)(Reuters, 3/9/15)
2015        Mar 7, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the Syrian army has killed Deeb Hedijan al-Otaibi, an Islamic State commander, in an air strike. 26 Islamic State militants were reported killed in the air strike near the town of Hamadi Omar.
    (Reuters, 3/7/15)
2015        Mar 7, In Iraq and Syria US and coalition forces conducted 17 air strikes against Islamic State fighters over the past 24 hours with 6 in Syria and 11 in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 3/7/15)

2015        Mar 8, In northern Syria at least 40 Kurdish fighters and Islamic State group jihadists were killed in clashes over the last 24 hours for control of Tal Tamr in Hasakeh province. 11 civilians were killed in a government air raid on the rebel-held town of Irbin northeast of Damascus. Clashes continued around the Aleppo province villages of Handarat and Bashkoy between regime forces and fighters from the Al-Qaeda affiliate, Al-Nusra Front. Unidentified gunmen attacked Islamic State militants in the eastern town of al-Mayadin overnight, killing more than 12.
    (AFP, 3/8/15)(Reuters, 3/8/15)
2015        Mar 8, In Iraq and Syria US and coalition forces conducted 12 air strikes against Islamic State fighters over the past 24 hours. Coalition warplanes bombed a refinery near the Syrian town of Tel Abyad on the Turkish border late today. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the strikes killed some 30 people.
    (Reuters, 3/8/15)(AP, 3/9/15)
2015        Mar 8, The European Union said it has imposed sanctions on Syrian businessman George Haswani, who it says bought oil for the Syrian government from Islamic State militants who have seized wide areas of the country including its oil-producing regions.
    (Reuters, 3/8/15)

2015        Mar 9, About 95 captives, including Kurdish fighters, escaped from an Islamic State-run prison in northern Syria but most were recaptured.
    (Reuters, 3/10/15)

2015        Mar 10, In Iraq and Syria US and coalition forces conducted 12 air strikes against Islamic State fighters over the last 24 hours including eight in Iraq and four in Syria.
    (Reuters, 3/10/15)
2015        Mar 10, An Islamic State propaganda video showed the killing of East Jerusalem Palestinian Mohammad Musallam (19). A man introduces a child shown shooting the captive in the head. The man in the video speaks with a southern French accent and looks like the step-brother of Mohammed Merah, who killed 7 people in attacks on a Jewish school and paratroopers in the south of France beginning on March 11, 2012.
    (AP, 3/11/15)(SSFC, 3/15/15, p.A6)

2015        Mar 11, In Syria the Islamic State jihadist group launched a major offensive to try to capture the strategic town of Ras al-Ain on the Syrian-Turkish border, leaving dozens dead in clashes. At least 12 fighters from the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG), which control Ras al-Ain and the surrounding villages, were killed in the IS onslaught.
    (AFP, 3/11/15)
2015        Mar 11, In Iraq and Syria US and coalition forces conducted 13 air strikes against Islamic State militants over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 3/11/15)

2015        Mar 12, Islamic State spokesman Abu Mohammed al-Adnani said that a pledge by Nigeria-based Boko Haram has been accepted and that now “no one can stand in its path." The agreement mirrors the steps taken by other Sunni jihadist groups in Libya and Egypt.
    (AP, 3/13/15)
2015        Mar 12, The Turkish coastguard opened fire to stop a cargo vessel carrying 337 mainly Syrian migrants heading towards European Union waters and arrested the suspected traffickers.
    (AFP, 3/13/15)

2015        Mar 14, In northeast Syria US-led coalition jets struck Islamic State positions for the second day in a row, in an area where the militants are battling Kurdish forces. The US and its coalition partners staged 10 air strikes on Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 3/14/15)(Reuters, 3/14/15)

2015        Mar 15, Syrian government warplanes pounded a Damascus suburb, killing at least 18 people and scattering shattered concrete blocks and mangled cars in the streets.
    (AP, 3/15/15)

2015        Mar 17, A Syrian army statement said dozens of militants were killed in other areas of Idlib province overnight in clashes and attacks. A monitoring group said government forces carried out a poison gas attack that killed six people in the northwest. Medics posted videos of children suffering what they said was suffocation.
    (Reuters, 3/17/15)
2015        Mar 17, The Syrian army shot down a US drone over Latakia province, part of the western region where Damascus has been consolidating state control.
    (Reuters, 3/18/15)

2015        Mar 20, In Syria a twin bombing targeting Kurds celebrating their new year in the northeastern city of Hassakeh killed 49 people and wounded 177 others.
    (AP, 3/21/15)
2015        Mar 20, Islamic State published a video purporting to show the beheading of three Kurdish peshmerga fighters in northern Iraq by militants who threatened to kill "dozens" more of those being held captive. The population under Islamic State control was about eight million people.
    (Reuters, 3/20/15)(Econ., 3/21/15, p.17)

2015        Mar 22, In Syria Islamist rebels captured four crew members when a regime helicopter crashed in the northwest province of Idlib. Another airman survived the crash, but was reported killed by his captors.
    (AFP, 3/22/15)(SFC, 3/23/15, p.A2)
2015        Mar 22, A Turkish opposition lawmaker said he is helping the families of nine British medical students and doctors of Sudanese origin believed to have crossed into Syria from Turkey.
    (AP, 3/22/15)(AFP, 3/22/15)

2015        Mar 24, Syrian rebels launched an offensive against a major government-held city in northwestern Syria, shelling the outskirts and warning residents to remain indoors in the coming days.
    (AP, 3/24/15)

2015        Mar 25, Syrian rebels seized an ancient town near the Jordan border that is a key government stronghold, ousting Syrian soldiers and allied militiamen from the region after four days of intense battles. 11 soldiers and allied militia as well as 17 insurgents were killed as an alliance of Islamist rebels including al Qaeda's Nusra Front overran 17 defense posts around Idlib in an offensive to take the city from the army and allied militia.
    (AP, 3/25/15)    (Reuters, 3/26/15)
2015        Mar 25, The United States and its allies staged 19 air strikes on Islamic State targets in Syria and Iraq over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 3/25/15)

2015        Mar 27, In Syria Islamist rebels made fresh advances on the edges of Idlib city, after fierce clashes that have left dozens of dead.
    (AFP, 3/27/15)

2015        Mar 28, In Syria Islamist groups including al Qaeda's Nusra Front seized the city of Idlib for the first time since the conflict in the country began. The bodies of least 15 detainees were found, apparently executed by government forces, after Idlib was taken.
    (Reuters, 3/28/15)(AP, 3/29/15)(AFP, 3/29/15)

2015        Mar 29, A video posted by the Islamic State group showed its fighters beheading 8 men, said to be Shiite Muslims, in Syria’s Hama province.
    (SFC, 3/30/15, p.A4)
2015        Mar 29, Saudi Arabia accused Russian President Vladimir Putin of hypocrisy, telling an Arab summit that he should not express support for the Middle East while fuelling instability by supporting Syrian leader Bashar al-Assad.
    (Reuters, 3/29/15)
2015        Mar 31, In central Syria the Islamic State jihadist group killed at least 46 civilians, including two children, in a raid on a regime-held village in Hama province. Jihadist fighters from the IS group took hostage at least 50 civilians, almost half of them women, seized in a raid on Mabujeh village, Hama province.
    (AFP, 3/31/15)(AP, 4/10/15)(Econ., 4/11/15, p.43)
2015        Mar 31, The US Treasury Dept. imposed new sanctions on Syria's government aimed at blunting its weapons programs and pushing it into negotiations with rebels. The action targeted Batoul Rida, a Syrian central bank official, and three "front companies" that help fund Syria's development of ballistic missiles and nonconventional weapons.
    (AP, 3/31/15)
2015        Mar 31, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon said donors meeting in Kuwait have pledged $3.8 billion in humanitarian aid for the people of war-wracked Syria.
    (AFP, 3/31/15)

2015        Apr 1, In Syria Islamic State militants infiltrated the Yarmouk Palestinian refugee camp in Damascus, marking the deepest foray yet by the extremist group into the capital.
    (AP, 4/1/15)
2015        Apr 1, Jordan closed its main border crossing with Syria amid fierce clashes between rebels and pro-regime forces for control of the Jaber post.
    (AFP, 4/1/15)

2015        Apr 2, Syrian rebels and fighters from the al-Qaida-affiliated Nusra Front captured the Nasib crossing, the only functioning border crossing with Jordan, as well as three nearby military posts. Palestinian fighters and Syrian rebels retook control of large parts of a refugee camp in Damascus that had been seized by IS jihadists.
    (AP, 4/2/15)(AFP, 4/2/15)
2015        Apr 2, Tunisia's foreign minister said that diplomatic relations with Syria will be restored at a consular level, following a long hiatus that began during the Arab Spring.
    (AP, 4/2/15)

2015        Apr 3, In Syria Islamic State militants battled against armed groups inside the Yarmouk refugee camp in Damascus, and have made new advances inside the camp.
    (AP, 4/3/15)

2015        Apr 4, In Syria civilians trapped in the Yarmouk Palestinian refugee camp in Damascus fled to safer areas amid intense shelling and clashes between Palestinian armed factions and Islamic militants who took over most of the camp.
    (AP, 4/4/15)

2015        Apr 5, A Palestinian official said around 2,000 people have been evacuated from the Yarmouk refugee camp in Damascus after the Islamic State group seized large parts of it.
    (AFP, 4/5/15)

2015        Apr 6, In Syria Palestinian fighters clashed with Islamic State militants in the heavily contested Yarmouk refugee camp in Damascus as a UN official described the situation in the embattled camp as "beyond inhumane" for some 18,000 residents.
    (AP, 4/6/15)
2015        Apr 6, In northwestern Syria Islamist fighters kidnapped some 300 Kurdish civilians at a checkpoint in Dana, Idlib province.
    (AFP, 4/6/15)
2015        Apr 6, In Iraq US-led forces targeted Islamic State militants with eight air strikes and conducted five air strikes in Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 4/6/15)
2015        Apr 6, In Russia talks began in Moscow on ending the war in Syria, but the absence of key opposition groups meant there was little hope of progress in resolving the conflict.
    (AFP, 4/6/15)

2015        Apr 7, The Islamic State group launched English-language radio news bulletins on its al-Bayan radio network. The first bulletin provided an overview of their activities in Iraq, Syria and Libya. An IS group online propaganda video showed the beheading of four men for armed robbery and murder in the northern Iraqi province of Nineveh.
    (AP, 4/7/15)(AFP, 4/7/15)
2015        Apr 7, In northern Syria two car bombs set off by Islamic State insurgents killed at least 32 people in Marea, including a senior rival fighter from al Qaeda's Nusra Front.
    (Reuters, 4/8/15)(AFP, 4/8/15)

2015        Apr 8, In Syria the toll from two alleged Islamic State group car bombings overnight of rebels in Aleppo province rose to at least 32.
    (AFP, 4/8/15)
2015        Apr 8, In Iraq and Syria US-led forces targeted Islamic State militants with four air strikes in Iraq and two in Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 4/8/15)

2015        Apr 9, A group of 14 Palestinian factions said they backed a joint military operation with the Syrian government to expel Islamic State group jihadists from the Yarmouk camp in southern Damascus.
    (AFP, 4/9/15)

2015        Apr 10, In Syria pro-government forces repelled an attack on the Khalkhalah military airport in Sweida province by Islamic State group affiliated militants, losing 20 fighters. At least 15 IS jihadists were killed. The Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) "retook at least four checkpoints and a number of neighborhoods" around the town of Tal Tamr. 10 members of the Kurdish YPG militia were killed in the fighting.  The US-led coalition fighting conducted air strikes on IS positions around Tal Tamr.
    (AFP, 4/11/15)(Reuters, 4/11/15)
2015        Apr 10, Talks in Moscow between the Syrian government and members of the domestic opposition tolerated by President Bashar al-Assad broke up with no progress made towards ending the war.
    (AFP, 4/10/15)

2015        Apr 11, In Syria at least 35 people were killed on both sides of the divided city of Aleppo as government forces and rebel fighters exchanged fire. The dead included 18 civilians -- two of them children -- killed in regime air strikes on the Al-Maadi and Sheikh al-Lutfi neighborhoods.
    (AFP, 4/11/15)(AP, 4/12/15)

2015        Apr 12, A Syrian government air raid struck near a school in an opposition-held neighborhood in Aleppo, killing at least 9 people, including 5 children.
    (AP, 4/12/15)

2015        Apr 14, Syrian militants, including members of al-Qaida's local branch, attacked a government Air Force intelligence center in Aleppo overnight, damaging much of the building by blowing up a tunnel under it. The fighting reportedly killed 13 militants and killed and wounded more than 20 troops and pro-government gunmen.
    (AP, 4/14/15)
2015        Apr 14, The US Central Command said the international coalition carried out 18 airstrikes on militants in Iraq and Syria in the past two days. Of those, 15 were in Iraq, including three near Ramadi.
    (AP, 4/15/15)

2015        Apr 15, In Syria local fighters in a Palestinian refugee camp in Damascus advanced in clashes with Islamic State militants two weeks after the extremist group stormed the area in its deepest foray into the capital.
    (AP, 4/15/15)

2015        Apr 18, In Iraq and Syria the US and its allies reported the launch of 20 air strikes targeting Islamic State militants over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 4/18/15)

2015        Apr 19, Syrian government airstrikes on three opposition-held towns near the Jordanian border reportedly killed at least 16 people, including five children.
    (AP, 4/19/15)
2015        Apr 19, In Iraq and Syria the US and its coalition partners targeted Islamic State militants with 13 air strikes over the last 24 hours with 12 of the strikes in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 4/19/15)

2015        Apr 20, In Syria fighting began in the southern province of Daraa with at least 27 people killed. By the next day 37 rebels as well as 22 government troops were reported killed as opposition fighters clawed back most of the territory lost the previous day.
    (AP, 4/21/15)
2015        Apr 20, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies launched 36 air strikes targeting Islamic State militants over the last 24 hours with 10 in Syria and 26 in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 4/20/15)

2015        Apr 22, In Syria airstrikes in Harasta and Douma, suburbs of Damascus, killed at least 11 people, including two women, and wounded others.
    (AP, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, In Iraq and Syria US-led forces targeted Islamic State militants with 18 air strikes over the last 24 hours including 7 in Syria and 11 in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, Russia said it is arming Iraq and Syria to help them fight Islamic State, calling the radical militant group the main threat to his own country's security.
    (Reuters, 4/22/15)

2015        Apr 24, In southern Syria the Islamic State shot down a regime aircraft east of the Khalkhalah military airport in Sweida province. Pro-IS Twitter accounts said the group had captured the pilot.
    (AFP, 4/24/15)
2015        Apr 24, In Iraq and Syria the US and its allies conducted 15 air strikes over the last 24 hours including eleven in Iraq and four in Syria.
    (AP, 4/24/15)
2015        Apr 24, Rostom Ghazali, a powerful Syrian general, was reported to have died in a hospital in the capital Damascus. He had been clinically dead for weeks after being beaten by the bodyguards of another Syrian general. Ghazali was once considered the most powerful man in Lebanon and was suspected of involvement in the 2005 assassination of a former Lebanese PM Rafik Harriri.
    (AP, 4/24/15)
2015        Apr 24, An Israeli air striked hit a Syrian army missile base in the Qalamoun  mouintains near the Lebanese border.
    (Econ., 5/2/15, p.40)

2015        Apr 25, In Syria Islamist insurgents including al-Qaeda's wing, Nusra Front, captured the northwestern town of Jisr al-Shughour, for the first time in the four-year-old conflict. At least 27 people, including at least 20 fighters, were killed in the strikes.
    (Reuters, 4/25/15)(AP, 4/26/15)

2015        Apr 26, Syrian military aircraft bombed the northwestern town of Jisr al-Shughour, a day after insurgents seized control of it. Airstrikes on Darkoush (Darkush), some 20 km north of Jisr al-Shughour, killed and wounded at least 34 civilians.
    (AP, 4/26/15)(AFP, 4/26/15)
2015        Apr 26, Israel’s military said it launched an airstrike on its border with Syria after spotting militants carrying a bomb in the Golan Heights. 4 men were reported killed.
    (SFC, 4/27/15, p.A4)(Econ., 5/2/15, p.40)

2015        Apr 27, In Syria Islamic insurgents overran a military base at the former Qarmeed factory in northwestern Idlib province, carting off tanks and other weapons in the latest blow to President Bashar Assad's forces in the region.
    (AP, 4/27/15)
2015        Apr 27, French investigators provided details to AFP of their year-long probe into the finances of Rifaat al-Assad, the younger brother of Syria’s late dictator Hafez al-Assad. He was under investigation for amassing a 90-million-euro fortune, including a stud farm and luxury apartments, despite being kicked out of Syria "with nothing" 30 years ago.
    (AFP, 4/27/15)

2015        Apr 29, Syrian government air raids in Aleppo and its suburbs killed 11 civilians, including at least one child.
    (AP, 4/30/15)

2015        Apr 30, Syrian government forces carried out a series of overnight air raids and shelled several areas in the country's northwest in an apparent attempt to halt a rebel advance, killing at least 20 civilians. State media said "terrorists" shelled a district in the government-controlled part of Aleppo, killing at least seven civilians.
    (AP, 4/30/15)
2015        Apr 30, Norway said it would increase its financial aid to Syrian refugees to nearly 120 million euros ($134 million) and would send another vessel to help patrol the Mediterranean.
    (AFP, 4/30/15)

2015        May 1, In Syria Islamist rebels and the government army fought fierce battles in Latakia province overnight close to Pres. Bashar al-Assad's ancestral home. At least 5 insurgents were killed and an unidentified number from the pro-government side. Syrian television said army units targeted "groups of terrorists" in the eastern and southern Idlib countryside and "eliminated a great number of them and destroyed their weapons and munitions."
    (Reuters, 5/1/15)
2015        May 1, In Iraq and Syria the US-led military coalition launched 18 air strikes against Islamic State over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 5/1/15)
2015        May 1, In northern Syria an air strike by US-led forces on Bir Mahli village, Aleppo province, reportedly killed at least 64 civilians including 31 children.
    (Reuters, 5/2/15)(SFC, 5/5/15, p.A2)

2015        May 2, In Syria fighting continued between government forces and Islamist fighters in government-held Latakia, heartland of Assad's minority Alawite community. Rebels shelled government-held districts in Aleppo, killing at least 12 civilians, including 3 children.
    (Reuters, 5/2/15)(AP, 5/2/15)

2015        May 3, Syria's army cut the last main supply route for a rebel bastion east of Damascus. A barrel bomb killed at least 7 civilians, including a teacher and 4 children, when it hit a school in the city of Aleppo.
    (AFP, 5/3/15)
2015        May 3, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies staged 17 strikes on Islamic State targets over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 5/3/15)

2015        May 4, In Syria a small group of insurgents, including a suicide bomber, carried out an attack in Damascus targeting a Syrian military logistics and supply facility.
    (AP, 5/4/15)

2015        May 5, In eastern Lebanon Hezbollah fighters and gunmen from al Qaeda's Syria wing Nusra Front clashed near the border with Syria. Hezbollah fighters captured a Syrian village near the border with Lebanon.
    (Reuters, 5/5/15)(AP, 5/5/15)

2015        May 6, In Syria at least 16 members of the Syrian Kurdish security forces were killed in an Islamic State group attack on a base in the northeastern province of Hasakeh.
    (AFP, 5/6/15)
2015        May 6, Lebanese Hezbollah militants attacked a gathering of leaders of Syria's Nusra Front and other insurgents in an area near Lebanon's eastern border with Syria, killing 3 of them.
    (Reuters, 5/6/15)

2015        May 7, The Syrian army and Hezbollah fighters captured a mountainous area on Syria's border with Lebanon and killed dozens of insurgents including from al Qaeda's Nusra Front wing. 4 government soldiers were beheaded by IS as the jihadists seized a key checkpoint in Deir Ezzor near its military air base. At least six civilians were killed in attacks in Aleppo city. In Aleppo province a fierce attack by IS on the regime's Kweyris military airport left 7 pro-government forces dead. An explosion in the Billi military airport killed 13 regime soldiers, including the base's head.   
    (Reuters, 5/7/15)(Reuters, 5/8/15)

2015        May 8, In Syria fierce battles between regime forces and the Islamic State jihadist group continued in eastern Syria with 34 fighters dead in the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 5/8/15)
2015        May 8, Syria's state news agency quoted an archaeology official as saying that authorities have confiscated and reclaimed 6,000 looted antiquities trafficked by smugglers outside the country.
    (AP, 5/8/15)

2015        May 9, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies conducted 28 air strikes against Islamic State with 15 in Syria and 13 in Iraq in the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 5/9/15)

2015        May 10, In Syria rebels including an Al-Qaeda affiliate stormed the hospital complex in Jisr al-Shughur, Idlib province, where some 250 regime forces and civilians have been trapped for two weeks. At least 40 rebels and 32 government troops were killed as the Syrian army battled to relieve some 250 besieged regime loyalists under rebel assault.
    (AFP, 5/10/15)(AFP, 5/11/15)
2015        May 10, The Lebanese Shi'ite group Hezbollah said it had killed over 20 fighters from Syria's al Qaeda wing and destroyed several hideouts and training camps the fighters had set up to launch attacks in Lebanon across the rugged border with Syria.
    (Reuters, 5/10/15)

2015        May 12, Syrian government helicopters dropped barrel bombs in a neighborhood in the northern city of Aleppo, killing at least 15 people. The Aleppo Media Center, based in the city, said at least 35 people were killed. At least 4 people were killed and 17 wounded in a double bomb blast in the central city of Homs.
    (AP, 5/12/15)(AFP, 5/12/15)

2015        May 13, In Syria at least 28 regime forces and 20 IS fighters were reported killed in overnight battles in Homs province as IS militants captured areas of Al-Sukhnah town and its surroundings.
    (AFP, 5/13/15)
2015        May 13, The London Guardian reported that a three-year operation to smuggle official documents out of Syria has produced enough evidence to prosecute pres. Bashar Asad and 24 senior members of his government on war crimes.
    (SSFC, 5/17/15, p.A4)

2015        May 14, In Syria jihadists from the Islamic State group executed 26 civilians after overrunning their villages near the ancient city of Palmyra.
    (AFP, 5/14/15)

2015        May 15, Syria's army dispatched reinforcements to Palmyra in a bid to push back jihadists who advanced to within touching distance of the ancient city.
    (AFP, 5/15/15)
2015        May 15, US special forces carried out a late night raid inside Syria at al-Omar. A man identified as Abu Sayyaf, a senior Islamic State leader who helped direct the group's oil, gas and financial operations, was among those killed. The US operation killed 32 members of IS, among them four officials.
    (Reuters, 5/16/15)(AFP, 5/17/15)

2015        May 16, In Syria Islamic State group said that its fighters have seized full control of Saker Island in the Euphrates River north of Deir el-Zour, the northeastern province divided between areas held by the group and the government. The Islamic State group seized control of the northern part of Syria's ancient desert city of Palmyra after fierce clashes with government forces.
    (AP, 5/16/15)(AFP, 5/16/15)
2015        May 16, Turkish military jets shot down a Syrian aircraft after it violated Turkey's airspace.
    (Reuters, 5/16/15)

2015        May 17, Syrian troops pushed Islamic State group jihadists back from Palmyra. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said nearly 300 people have been killed in several days of fighting since the Islamic State group launched an attack against the ancient city of Palmyra. The dead included 123 soldiers and loyalist militiamen, 115 IS fighters and 57 civilians.
    (AFP, 5/17/15)
2015        May 17, In Syria US and coalition forces launched eight air strikes against Islamic State targets over the last 24 hours, including near al Hasakah and Kobani.
    (Reuters, 5/17/15)

2015        May 19, In Syria rebels including Al-Qaeda's local affiliate seized Al-Mastumah base, the government’s largest remaining military base in northwestern Idlib province. IS jihadists attacked a village in the Druze heartland of southern Syria, killing 6 people before local pro-regime gunmen expelled them. An air strike on a village in Deir Ezzor province killed at least 8 civilians, including 3 children.
    (AFP, 5/19/15)

2015        May 20, In central Syria Islamic State militants seized parts of the ancient town of Palmyra after fierce clashes with government troops. A mortar shelled smashed into an elementary school in an upscale neighborhood of Damascus, killing a female teacher and wounding 23 students.
    (AP, 5/20/15)
2015        May 20, The US-led coalition staged 25 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 5/20/15)

2015        May 21, In Syria Islamic State said in a statement it was in full charge of Palmyra, including its military bases, marking the first time it had taken a city directly from the Syrian military and allied forces. Clashes in the Palmyra area over the last 24 hours reportedly killed at least 100 pro-government fighters.
    (Reuters, 5/21/15)

2015        May 23, In Syria the United States and its allies staged 5 air strikes on Islamic State targets over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 5/23/15)

2015        May 24, Syrian state media reported that Islamic State fighters have executed at least 400 people in Palmyra since capturing the ancient city four days ago. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said least 300 soldiers were killed in the days of fighting before the city was captured. Syrian state television said its air force had killed 300 insurgents in strikes that broke the siege of the Jisr al-Shughour hospital in Idlib province.
    (Reuters, 5/24/15)
2015        May 24, A Syrian military helicopter crashed at the northern air base of Kweiras, killing all of its crew. An activist group said it was shot down by Islamic State militants.
    (AP, 5/24/15)

2015        May 25, The Syrian air force leveled Islamic State "hideouts" and killed a large number of its members around Palmyra's military air base. The British-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the Islamic State has killed at least 217 people execution-style, including children, since it moved into the Palmyra area 10 days ago. The United States and its allies carried out 10 air strikes against Islamic State militants in Syria in the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 5/25/15)

2015        May 26, Syrian government aircraft carried out strikes against the IS group in and around Palmyra after its fall to the jihadists. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 4 civilians had been killed in the raids. State media said the air force hit an IS-controlled air base in Raqqa province, killing more than 140 militants.
    (AFP, 5/26/15)(Reuters, 5/26/15)
2015        May 26, In Syria Hezbollah field commander, Ghassan Faqih, was killed along with several other fighters in clashes in the Qalamoun region.
    (AP, 5/27/15)

2015        May 27, In Syria Islamic State militants shot dead around 20 men inside an ancient amphitheater in Palmyra. A monitor said Kurdish forces have driven the IS group from more than a dozen Assyrian Christian villages that the jihadists had captured in the northeast.
    (Reuters, 5/27/15)(AFP, 5/27/15)
2015        May 27, Lebanon's Hezbollah said it has struck a group of al-Qaida-linked Nusra Front militants near the border with Syria with the help of a drone for the first time.
    (AP, 5/27/15)

2015        May 28, The EU added a high-ranking Syrian military official to its sanctions list as it extended measures against supporters of Pres. Bashar al-Assad for another year.
    (Reuters, 5/28/15)
2015        May 28, A US official said the US military has started training Syrian opposition fighters in Turkey to combat Islamic State, an expected expansion of a program that first launched in Jordan weeks ago.
    (Reuters, 5/28/15)

2015        May 29, In Syria Kurdish militia executed at least 20 civilians, including two children, after accusing them of being IS supporters in a northern provincial town.
    (AFP, 5/31/15)
2015        May 29, The US-led coalition conducted 20 air strikes in Iraq and four in Syria targeting Islamic State militants over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 5/29/15)

2015        May 30, In Syria barrel bombs dropped from regime helicopters killed at least 71 civilians in Aleppo province, after forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad retreated from the neighboring northwestern region of Idlib. Islamic State group jihadists demolished a notorious government prison in Palmyra. At least 10 pro-government forces and 10 jihadists were killed as the IS launched an assault on Hasakeh city, which has a large Kurdish population.
    (AFP, 5/30/15)(AFP, 5/31/15)

2015        May 31, In Syria a fuel tank exploded inside a clinic in the predominantly Kurdish northeastern town of Qamishli, killing at least 27 people, mostly children.
    (AFP, 5/31/15)
2015        May 31, In Syria Islamic State fighters pushed back rival insurgents north of Aleppo near the Turkish border, threatening their supply route to the city. On June 1 The United States accused the Syrian military of carrying out air strikes to help Islamic State fighters advance around Aleppo.
    (Reuters, 6/2/15)

2015        May, In Syria leading Algerian jihadist Said Arif (49) was killed by a US drone. Arif was a deserter from the Algerian army who first joined Al-Qaeda camps in Afghanistan in the 1990s.
    (AFP, 9/17/15)

2015        Jun 2, Syrian militants sent reinforcements to fight the Islamic State group in the northern province of Aleppo, where rival factions battled near the Turkish border.
    (AP, 6/2/15)
2015        Jun 2, The United States and its allies launched 10 air strikes against Islamic State targets in Iraq and five in Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 6/2/15)

2015        Jun 3, Syrian troops and militia battled to repel an Islamic State attack on the city of Hasaka in the northeast.
    (Reuters, 6/3/15)
2015        Jun 3, A Syrian security source said thousands of Iranian and Iraqi fighters have been deployed in past weeks to bolster the defenses of Damascus and its surroundings.
     (AFP, 6/3/15)
2015        Jun 3, In Syria Keith Broomfield (36), an American from Massachusetts, was killed while fighting with Kurdish forces against the Islamic State near Kobani.
    (SFC, 6/12/15, p.A2)(SFC, 6/15/15, p.A10)

2015        Jun 4, In Syria Islamic State group jihadists, emboldened by a string of battlefield victories, advanced to the gates of Hasakeh after intense fighting with regime troops.
    (AFP, 6/4/15)
2015        Jun 4, Turkish government official said more than 3,300 Syrians have crossed into Turkey in the past two days fleeing fighting between Islamic State militants and Kurdish forces in northern Syria's Tel Abyad region.
    (AP, 6/4/15)

2015        Jun 5, Syrian war planes bombed Islamic State fighters trying to advance into the northeastern city of Hasaka.
    (Reuters, 6/5/15)

2015        Jun 7, The Syrian army said it had repulsed a major offensive by Islamic State militants in the northeastern city of Hasaka and driven out fighters who had taken over key installations on the southern edge of the city. US-led aircraft bombed Islamic State group fighters as they battled rival Syrian rebels, including Al-Qaeda loyalists, for the first time overnight.
    (Reuters, 6/7/15)(AFP, 6/7/15)
2015        Jun 7, In Syria an airstrike by the U.S.-led coalition in the northern province of Aleppo killed 7 family members, including a couple and their five children.
    (AP, 6/8/15)

2015        Jun 8, In northwest Syria at least 49 civilians, including six children, were killed in government air strikes on the town of Al-Janudiyah, Idlib province. Syria's PM Wael al-Halaki said the government would give a monthly bonus of 10,000 Syrian pounds ($37) to soldiers fighting on the frontlines.
    (AFP, 6/8/15)(AP, 6/8/15)

2015        Jun 9, In Syria rebel fighters captured Liwa 52, a major Syrian army base in the south of the country. Hezbollah fighters came under attack from Islamic State militants for the first time in the Qalamoun campaign. 11 IS fighters were reported killed.
    (Reuters, 6/9/15)
2015        Jun 9, US and allied forces reported 14 air strikes in Iraq and nine in Syria against Islamic State militants over the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 6/9/15)

2015        Jun 10, In Syria at least 20 Druze residents were reportedly killed by Al-Qaeda affiliate Al-Nusra Front in Idlib province.
    (AFP, 6/11/15)

2015        Jun 11, Syrian rebels of the Southern Front seized most of Al-Thaala military airport in regime-controlled Sweida province and shot down a warplane nearby. Syrian Kurdish fighters advanced towards the Islamic State group-held town of Tal Abyad on the Turkish border, backed by US-led coalition strikes.
    (AFP, 6/11/15)
2015        Jun 11, US and coalition forces conducted 13 air strikes targeting Islamic State in Iraq, as well as 10 strikes against the militant group in Syria.
    (Reuters, 6/12/15)

2015        Jun 12, Syrian army troops regained full control of an airbase in southern Sweida province, a day after rebels overran large parts of it.
    (AFP, 6/12/15)
2015        Jun 12, US and coalition forces conducted 12 air strikes targeting Islamic State in Iraq and three strikes against the militant group in Syria.
    (Reuters, 6/13/15)

2015        Jun 13, The Syrian Kurdish YPG militia said it began an advance towards an Islamic State-held town at the Turkish border, thrusting deeper into the jihadists' stronghold of Raqqa province in a campaign backed by US-led air strikes.
    (Reuters, 6/13/15)
2015        Jun 13, Turkish security forces used water cannon and fired warning shots to push Syrians away from the frontier as thousands massed at a border crossing to escape escalating fighting.
    (AFP, 6/13/15)
2015        Jun 13, US-led forces conducted 12 air strikes against Islamic State targets in seven Iraqi cities. One strike was conducted in Syria.
    (Reuters, 6/14/15)

2015        Jun 14, Syrian state television said dozens of civilians were wounded when two bombs exploded in the central city of Homs. Kurdish forces advanced to the gates of Tal Abyad and clashed with Islamic State jihadists. The upsurge in violence saw Turkey open its border to fleeing civilians.
    (Reuters, 6/14/15)(AFP, 6/14/15)

2015        Jun 15, The Syrian Kurdish YPG militia said it has seized a major road that brought reinforcements from Islamic State's defacto capital of Raqqa, enabling YPG fighters to lay siege to the militant's stronghold of Tel Abyad. Syrian rebels shelled a government-held neighborhood in Aleppo killing at least 34 civilians and wounding some 190.
    (Reuters, 6/15/15)(AP, 6/15/15)(AFP, 6/16/15)
2015        Jun 15, Syria's best-known mosaic museum in the northern rebel-held town of Maaret al-Numan was seriously damaged in a regime barrel bomb attack.
    (AFP, 6/20/15)

2015        Jun 16, In Syria Kurdish militia, backed by Syrian rebel forces, seized full control of the key border town of Tal Abyad from Islamic State group jihadists.
    (AFP, 6/16/15)
2015        Jun 16, Syrian government forces earlier fired Iranian-made "elephant" rockets on the rebel-held suburb of Douma, killing 24 people, including 5 children and 14 women. Two shells struck Arnous Park in Damascus late today, killing 9 people and wounding 13.
    (AP, 6/17/15)
2015        Jun 16, Turkey accused Kurdish militia in northern Syria of persecuting civilians and said it saw signs of "a kind of ethnic cleansing", drawing a parallel to the actions of Islamic State militants and forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad.
    (Reuters, 6/16/15)

2015        Jun 17, Rebels surrounded a government-held Druze village on the Syrian side of the ceasefire line on the Golan Heights after heavy fighting. The fighting killed a soldier and one insurgent, after 6 rebels were killed the day before.
    (AFP, 6/17/15)(AP, 6/17/15)

2015        Jun 18, Syrian rebels advanced into a second government-held neighborhood in the northern city of Aleppo.
    (AP, 6/18/15)
2015        Jun 18, In Iraq and Syria the United States and coalition allies staged 22 air strikes on Islamic State targets.
    (Reuters, 6/18/15)

2015        Jun 19, Britain said it will take in "several hundred more" vulnerable Syrian refugees, after PM David Cameron said London was expanding a resettlement program for the conflict-ravaged country.
    (Reuters, 6/19/15)
2015        Jun 19, US and coalition forces targeted the Islamic State with 16 air strikes in Iraq and six in Syria.
    (Reuters, 6/20/15)

2015        Jun 20, Islamic State planted mines and bombs in the ancient part of the central Syrian city of Palmyra, home to Roman-era ruins.
    (Reuters, 6/21/15)
2015        Jun 20, In Syria three US and coalition forces air strikes near Tal Abyad hit three Islamic State tactical units.
    (Reuters, 6/21/15)

2015        Jun 21, US-led coalition forces targeted Islamic State militants with seven air strikes in Syria and 22 in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 6/22/15)

2015        Jun 22, In Syria Kurdish-led forces advanced deep into territory in Syria held by Islamic State, showing new momentum after they unexpectedly swiftly seized a border crossing from the jihadists last week.
    (Reuters, 6/22/15)
2015        Jun 22, Dozens of Druze residents of the annexed Golan Heights attacked a military ambulance carrying two injured Syrians, beating one to death on suspicion that they were Islamic militants. Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu pledged the next day to track down the Druze rioters responsible for the "lynching" of a wounded Syrian.
    (AP, 6/23/15)(AFP, 6/23/15)

2015        Jun 23, Syrian Kurds and allied rebels advanced against the Islamic State group. Anti-IS forces took Ain Issa after capturing the nearby Brigade 93 base overnight.
    (AFP, 6/23/15)
2015        Jun 23, In Syria 2 suicide attacks from the Islamic State group killed 10 government soldiers in the northeastern city of Hasakeh. At least 13 civilians were killed in a car bomb attack against a mosque in a village near the capital Damascus. US-led forces carried out air strikes against IS in Hasaka and near the town of Tel Abyad.
    (AFP, 6/24/15)(Reuters, 6/25/15)
2015        Jun 23, Islamic State militants said they have blown up two shrines they consider sacrilegious in Palmyra, a 2,000-year-old UNESCO World Heritage site. The extremists destroyed the grave of Mohammad Bin Ali, a descendant of Imam Ali, cousin of Islam's Prophet Muhammad and a deeply revered Shiite saint, and the final resting place of Sufi scholar, Nizar Abu Bahaa Eddine, who lived in Palmyra some 500 years ago.
    (Reuters, 6/23/15)(AP, 6/24/15)

2015        Jun 25, In Syria Islamic State fighters launched simultaneous attacks against the government forces and Kurdish militia, moving back onto the offensive after losing ground in recent days to Kurdish-led forces near Raqqa. At least 15 Islamic State fighters were reported killed in Kobani. IS militants mounted a bloody surprise attack on the Kurdish-held border town of Kobane, killing at least 164. IS forces shot dead at least 23 people in the Kurdish village of Barkh Butan.
    (Reuters, 6/25/15)(AFP, 6/25/15)(AFP, 6/27/15)

2015        Jun 26, In Syria Some 40 people were reported killed in the fighting for Daraa.
    (AFP, 6/26/15)(Reuters, 6/26/15)

2015        Jun 27, In Syria Kurdish forces drove out Islamic State fighters who had infiltrated the Syrian border town of Kobani, but clashes continued outside the town. The number of civilians killed since bands of elite IS fighters infiltrated the town early June 25 exceeded 200 and was likely to rise as the search for bodies continues.
    (AP, 6/27/15)
2015        Jun 27, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies staged air strikes against Islamic State positions with 10 strikes in Iraq and 17 in Syria.
    (Reuters, 6/28/15)

2015        Jun 28, In Syria a mortar bomb killed 3 people and wounded 12 more in a market place in Saroujah district of northeast Damascus.
    (AP, 6/28/15)

2015        Jun 29, Syrian regime forces took back several parts of a neighborhood in the northeastern city of Hasakeh from the Islamic State group, but heavy clashes continued.
    (AFP, 6/29/15)
2015        Jun 29, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies staged 18 air strikes on Islamic State targets.
    (Reuters, 6/30/15)
2015        Jun 29, Russian President Vladimir Putin met with Syria's foreign minister and pledged his support for Syrian President Bashar Assad. Putin called on all Middle East nations to join forces to fight Islamic State militants.
    (AP, 6/29/15)

2015        Jun 30, A Syrian government air raid killed at least 17 people and wounded many others in the northwestern town of Ihsim, Idlib province.
    (AP, 6/30/15)
2015        Jun 30, It was reported that the Islamic State in Syria has beheaded one women this week along with her husband in Deir al-Zor city. In al-Mayadeen city to the south east, the group beheaded another woman and her husband. All were accused of sorcery.
    (Reuters, 6/30/15)

2015        Jul 1, Syrian Kurdish forces regained full control of Tal Abyad, expelling Islamic State group fighters who had seized a district of the strategic border town.
    (AFP, 7/1/15)
2015        Jul 1, In Syria at least 18 people were killed in government strikes across Daraa province. The strikes included raids in and around the town of Saida that left 13 dead, and 5 killed in a barrel bomb attack in Tafas.
    (AFP, 7/2/15)
2015        Jul 1, In Iraq and Syria US-led coalition forces conducted against Islamic State with 18 in Iraq and 10 in Syria.
    (AP, 7/2/15)

2015        Jul 3, Syrian government forces carried out heavy air strikes on rebel positions in and around the northern city of Aleppo. Rebel forces seized some buildings from government control on the northwestern city outskirts of Jamiyat al-Zahra. At least 35 insurgents were killed in that area, including a dozen Syrians and many others of central Asian origin. A bomb exploded inside a mosque in an opposition-held suburb of Damascus, killing a Sunni Muslim cleric.
    (Reuters, 7/3/15)(AP, 7/3/15)

2015        Jul 5, In Iraq and Syria US-led forces conducted air strikes against Islamic State forces with 11 in Iraq and 8 in Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 7/6/15)(SFC, 7/6/15, p.A2)

2015        Jul 6, In Syria a suicide bomber from the Nusra Front blew himself up in a government army outpost in a contested neighborhood in the divided city of Aleppo and killed at least 25 soldiers and allied militia and injured scores. Islamic State fighters stormed the town of Ain Issa held by Kurdish-led forces near Raqqa city. In the northeast least 37 Islamic State fighters were reported killed and scores injured in air strikes by the US-led coalition and in clashes with Kurdish YPG militia.
    (Reuters, 7/6/15)

2015        Jul 7, In Syria intense clashes broke out in the northern city of Aleppo after militants attacked a government-held neighborhood there, capturing several buildings.
    (AP, 7/7/15)
2015        Jul 7, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies staged 25 air strikes on Islamic State targets with 14 in Iraq and 11 in Syria.
    (Reuters, 7/8/15)
2015        Jul 7, Turkey's army said it had detained 768 people trying to cross illegally from Syria, including three suspected Islamic State militants, after bolstering security in border areas near where the radical Islamists hold ground.
    (Reuters, 7/7/15)

2015        Jul 8, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said a drone strike as part of a US-led campaign against Islamic State militants has killed a senior IS-Uzbek figure in Raqqa. Muhsin Al-Fadhli, leader of the Khorasan al-Qaeda cell, was killed while traveling in a vehicle near Sarmada. Hackers claiming to be affiliated with the Islamic State group took down the website of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights monitor and threatened its director. At least 19 civilians, including 5 children, were killed by a regime barrel bomb attack and rebel rocket fire in Aleppo.
    (Reuters, 7/8/15)(AFP, 7/8/15)(AFP, 7/9/15)(SFC, 7/23/15, p.A4)

2015        Jul 9, Syrian army troops backed by war planes advanced to within several kilometers of Palmyra, battling Islamic State group fighters outside the ancient city. New UN figures said the number of people who have fled Syria has surpassed 4 million.
    (AFP, 7/9/15)(SFC, 7/10/15, p.A3)

2015        Jul 10, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies carried out 34 air strikes against Islamic State militants with 17 in Iraq and 17 in Syria.
    (Reuters, 7/11/15)

2015        Jul 11, Syria monitors said a helicopter strike on the Islamic State-controlled town of al-Bab killed at least 28 people including 3 children. A Syrian military source said the army had not carried out any air strikes today in al-Bab.
    (Reuters, 7/11/15)

2015        Jul 14, In northern Syria a double suicide bombing in Idlib targeting the heqdquarters of Ahrar-al-Sham, an ultraconservative Islamic rebel group, killed its leader Abu Abdelrahman Salqeen, as well as 6 other high-ranking members.
    (SFC, 7/15/15, p.A2)
2015        Jul 14, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its coalition partners targeted Islamic State forces with 17 air strikes in Iraq and 16 Syria.
    (Reuters, 7/15/15)

2015        Jul 15, In Syria 13 civilians, among them 7 children, were killed in aerial attacks by the government on the northern province of Aleppo. 22 IS fighters were killed when regime warplanes struck a convoy traveling between the provinces of Deir Ezzor in the east and Hasakeh in the northeast. Al-Qaeda's Syrian affiliate and its Islamist allies launched an attack on the last two Shiite Muslim villages under regime control in northwest Idlib province.
    (AFP, 7/15/15)
2015        Jul 15, The Lebanese army said troops have confiscated a drone in the eastern Bekaa Valley as it was being taken to insurgents on the Syrian side of the border.
    (AP, 7/15/15)

2015        Jul 16, In Syria Kurdish fighters besieged members of the Islamic State group in the northeastern city of Hassakeh as they pushed forward under the cover of airstrikes by the US-led coalition. At least 11 civilians, among them 3 children, were killed in regime barrel bomb attacks on jihadist-held Al-Bab.
    (AP, 7/16/15)(AFP, 7/16/15)

2015        Jul 17, Syrian authorities released more than 240 prisoners, many of whom were detained under "anti-terror" laws, to mark the Muslim Eid al-Fitr holiday.
    (AFP, 7/18/15)

2015        Jul 18, British-based organizations — Conflict Armament Research and Sahan Research — reported that Islamic State forces used chemical agents delivered through what appears to be locally manufactured shells to attack Iraqi peshmerga forces and Syrian Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG), on June 21, 22 and 28.
    (AP, 7/18/15)
2015        Jul 18, In Iraq and Syria US-led forces targeted Islamic State militants with 16 air strikes in Iraq and nine in Syria.
    (Reuters, 7/19/15)

2015        Jul 20, A Syrian Kurdish militia said it was in near full control of the northeastern city of Hasaka, expanding its sway at the expense of the Damascus government in the wake of an Islamic State attack in the area.
    (Reuters, 7/20/15)

2015        Jul 20, Activists said the Islamic State group is banning private internet access in its Syrian bastion Raqa, forcing residents and even its own fighters to use internet cafes where they can be monitored.
    (AFP, 7/20/15)

2015        Jul 21, In northern Syria a missile attack on a rebel-held neighborhood in the city of Aleppo reportedly killed at least 18 people and wounded many others. At least 7 people were reported killed in the shelling by the Army of Conquest alliance on the regime-held villages of Fuaa and Kafraya over the last 24 hours.
    (AFP, 7/21/15)

2015        Jul 23, In Turkey suspected Islamic State militants fired at a Turkish military outpost from inside Syrian territory, killing a Turkish soldier and wounding two others. 5 members of Islamic State were also killed during the exchange of fire.
    (AP, 7/23/15)(Reuters, 7/24/15)
2015        Jul 23, US defense officials said that Turkey has agreed to allow manned US planes to stage air strikes against Islamic State militants from an air base at Incirlik, close to the Syrian border. US drones are already launched from the base.
    (Reuters, 7/24/15)

2015        Jul 24, Syria's two main political opposition groups, long at odds, announced that they have agreed on a "roadmap" to end their country's long-running civil war, starting with establishment of a transitional governing body.
    (AP, 7/24/15)
2015        Jul 24, Turkish warplanes pounded Islamic State targets in Syria for the first time, with President Tayyip Erdogan promising more decisive action against both the jihadists and Kurdish militants at home. Police rounded up nearly 300 people in raids against suspected Islamic State and Kurdish militants.
    (Reuters, 7/24/15)

2015        Jul 25, Syria's President Bashar Assad granted a general amnesty for army deserters and draft dodgers. The decree stipulated that deserters must turn themselves within two months to benefit from the amnesty. Rebel rocket fire on a government-held area of Aleppo killed 5 children, four of them brothers.
    (AP, 7/25/15)(AFP, 7/26/15)
2015        Jul 25, In Syria the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) advanced in Hasakeh city against IS and at the expense of the regime. The YPG was now said to control 70 percent of Hasakeh city, the IS 10 percent and the regime 20 percent. Islamic State militants detonated explosive laden trucks in two villages near the Kurdish-controlled border town of Tel Abyad, with reports of casualties.
    (AFP, 7/25/15)(Reuters, 7/25/15)
2015        Jul 25, Turkish fighter jets and ground forces hit Islamic State militants in Syria and Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) camps in Iraq overnight, in a campaign Ankara said would help create a "safe zone" across swathes of northern Syria. Kurdish militants said the conditions for maintaining a ceasefire with Turkey were no longer in place, after Turkish warplanes bombed their stronghold in northern Iraq.
    (Reuters, 7/25/15)(AFP, 7/25/15)

2015        Jul 26, Syrian President Bashar Assad, in his first public address in a year, vowed to win his country's long-running civil war while acknowledging his troops had lost territory because of a shortage of manpower.
    (AP, 7/26/15)

2015        Jul 27, In northern Syria the YPG made further gains against Islamic State, capturing a town near the Euphrates River after a month-long offensive aimed at cutting their supply lines. Kurdish fighters in northern Syria accused the Turkish army of shelling their positions.
    (Reuters, 7/27/15)
2015        Jul 27, Syrian journalist Thaer al-Ajlani, working for pro-government media, was killed early today as he was reporting on clashes in the Jobar area of east Damascus.
    (AFP, 7/27/15)
2015        Jul 27, A senior US official said United States and Turkey have agreed to work together to clear the Islamic State group from northern Syria.
    (AFP, 7/27/15)

2015        Jul 29, An Israeli air strike on a government-held village on the Syrian side of the Golan Heights ceasefire line killed five pro-regime forces. An Israeli drone attack in southern Syria killed at least three pro-government gunmen.
    (AFP, 7/29/15)(AP, 7/29/15)
2015        Jul 29, Syrian commander Nadeem Hassan and seven of his fighters, trained by the US, were kidnapped by the al-Nusra Front as they returned from a meeting in Turkey. On August 16 Division 30 said seven of its members had been freed by Al-Nusra. In late July 13 were kidnapped by Al-Nusra, including a commander, and at least 3 more were killed in clashes with the jihadist group.
    (SFC, 7/31/15, p.A2)(AFP, 8/4/15)(AFP, 8/16/15)

2015        Jul 30, In northern Syria at least 10 Kurdish fighters and 8 Islamic state members were killed when IS jihadists attacked Sarrin, a town recently captured by Kurdish forces.
    (AFP, 7/30/15)
2015        Jul 30, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies hit Islamic State forces. 17 air strikes hit Iraq. In Syria 17 strikes hit Deir ez-Zor and 7 near Hasakeh.
    (Reuters, 7/31/15)

2015        Jul 31, In Syria members of al-Qaida launched an attack on the command headquarters of a US-backed rebel faction in northern Syria, killing at least five fighters. US-led coalition air strikes destroyed two key bridges used by the Islamic State group on the Syrian side of the Iraqi border. 25 rebels, including 3 senior commanders, were killed in a failed attack on a makeshift army base outside the northern city of Aleppo. 9 regime forces were also killed in the fighting that erupted after several rebel groups launched the attack late today.
    (AP, 7/31/15)(AFP, 7/31/15)(AFP, 8/1/15)
2015        Jul 31, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies launched air strikes with 19 in Iraq and 11 in Syria in the coalition campaign against Islamic State militants.
    (Reuters, 8/1/15)

2015        Jul, Spanish journalists Antonio Pampliega, Jose Manuel Lopez and Angel Sastre went missing a few days after crossing into Syria from Turkey. They had gone to the northern city of Aleppo to report on fighting there. All three arrived in Madrid on May 8, 2016, in apparent good health after nearly 10 months in captivity.
    (Reuters, 5/8/16)

2015        Aug 1, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 20 regime forces and 19 rebels from the Army of Conquest alliance had been killed in 24 hours of clashes in Hama province's Sahl al-Ghab region.
    (AFP, 8/1/15)

2015        Aug 2, US officials said the United States has decided to allow airstrikes to defend Syrian rebels trained by the US military from any attackers, even if the enemies hail from forces loyal to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.
    (Reuters, 8/2/15)

2015        Aug 3, Syrian government air raids in the northwestern town of Ariha and a subsequent crash by a Syrian warplane that slammed into a residential area there killed at least 31 people.
    (AFP, 8/3/15)

2015        Aug 4, Al-Qaeda's Syria affiliate captured at least five more US-trained rebel fighters in overnight raids in northwestern village of Qah.
    (AFP, 8/4/15)

2015        Aug 5, In central Syria three IS suicide bombers targeted army checkpoints at the entrance of Qaryatain, setting off a fierce battle.
    (AP, 8/6/15)
2015        Aug 5, Two German-speaking jihadists claiming to belong to the Islamic State militant group, threatened Germany with attacks in an execution video broadcast online. The five-minute clip shows the men use assault rifles to kill two bound and kneeling male hostages in the Syrian ancient city of Palmyra.
    (AFP, 8/5/15)
2015        Aug 5, Turkey said a US-led coalition will soon launch a "comprehensive battle" against Islamic State militants from Turkish air bases, but Syria said any military action not coordinated with Damascus would breach its sovereignty.
    (Reuters, 8/5/15)

2015        Aug 6, The Islamic State group seized Qaryatain, a key town in central Syria, following heavy clashes with President Bashar Assad's forces, in the militants' biggest advance since capturing the historic town of Palmyra in May.
    (AP, 8/6/15)
2015        Aug 6, In Syria a cousin of President Bashar al-Assad shot dead a senior air force officer in a road rage incident in the Latakia coastal heartland of their minority Alawite community. On August 10 Latakia's Gov. Khodr al-Salem said Suleiman Assad has been arrested. On Jan 21, 2016, a court in Latakia sentenced Suleiman al-Assad to 20 years in prison for the murder of Colonel Hassan al-Sheikh.
    (AP, 8/7/15)(AP, 8/11/15)(AFP, 1/22/16)

2015        Aug 7, The UK-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 230 people were kidnapped or detained, including dozens of Christians, some of whom were taken from a church in Qaryatain, the town captured overnight after heavy fighting with the Syrian army.
    (Reuters, 8/7/15)
2015        Aug 7, In Iraq and Syria the US-led coalition conducted 19 air strikes on Islamic State targets with 10 in Iraq and nine in Syria.
    (Reuters, 8/8/15)
2015        Aug 7, The UN Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution aimed at identifying those responsible for using chlorine and other chemical weapons in attacks in Syria.
    (SFC, 8/8/15, p.A3)

2015        Aug 8, Syrian activists said hundreds of Christian families have fled the central town of Sadad toward the government-held central city of Homs and Damascus, as Islamic State fighters advanced toward it. A shell hit a street in central Damascus, killing 5 people and wounding 36.
    (AP, 8/8/15)
2015        Aug 8, Today marked the anniversary of the US beginning airstrikes against the extremists in Iraq. US-led forces conducted 16 air strikes in Iraq and seven in Syria against Islamic State targets.
    (AP, 8/8/15)(AP, 8/9/15)

2015        Aug 9, In Syria at least 9 people were killed and several wounded in a series of mortar bomb attacks on Damascus. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said an Islamist fighters' counter-offensive had forced the Syrian army to withdraw from such villages as Mansoura, Zeyara and Tal Waset toward bases northwest of Hama city.
    (Reuters, 8/9/15)
2015        Aug 9, In Syria the al Qaeda-linked Nusra Front said it has quit frontline positions against Islamic State north of Aleppo and ceded them to other rebels, leaving a northern area where Turkey wants to set up a buffer zone. Rebels began heavy shelling on Fuaa and Kafraya, among the last regime-held outposts in the northwestern province of Idlib. At least 20 people were killed, including 8 civilians.
    (Reuters, 8/10/15)(AFP, 8/10/15)(AP, 8/11/15)

2015        Aug 11, Russia and Saudi Arabia failed in talks to overcome their differences on the fate of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, a central dispute in Syria's civil war that shows no sign of abating despite renewed diplomacy.
    (Reuters, 8/11/15)

2015        Aug 11, A Syrian army airstrike hit a busy vegetable market in the northern city of Idlib, killing at least 7 people and wounding more than 23. The Islamic State launched a new offensive against Syrian rebels north of Aleppo. IS suicide attackers detonated four car bombs overnight. The IS said its fighters had attacked two buildings in Marea. At least 25 Syrian rebels were killed overnight in an attack by Islamic State group fighters on an insurgent stronghold in Aleppo province. At least 8 IS fighters died.
    (AP, 8/11/15)(Reuters, 8/11/15)(AFP, 8/11/15)

2015        Aug 12, In Syria heavy rebel shelling and government airstrikes around Damascus killed at least 36 people and wounded scores more in a surge in violence just hours before the arrival of Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif.
    (AP, 8/12/15)
2015        Aug 12, Syria's warring parties declared a 48-hour ceasefire in two frontline areas after unprecedented mediation from Turkey and Iran. The ceasefire halted fighting in the rebel-held town of Zabadani and in a pair of Shi'ite Muslim villages in Idlib province.
    (Reuters, 8/12/15)

2015        Aug 13, In Syria rockets hit several districts in Latakia, a stronghold of Pres. Bashar Assad, killing 2 civilians and wounding 13. A two-day cease-fire between Hezbollah fighters and rebel groups in Zabadani, as well as in Foua and Kfarya, two Shiite villages in Idlib province, was extended for another 48 hours.
    (AP, 8/13/15)
2015        Aug 13, Russia's foreign minister hosted a delegation of the main Syrian opposition group, part of the Kremlin's new push for a mediation role in the Syrian conflict.
    (AP, 8/13/15)

2015        Aug 15, In Syria a temporary ceasefire between warring parties collapsed as negotiations failed to reach a more permanent agreement to end fighting in a town near the Lebanese border and two villages in the northwest.
    (Reuters, 8/15/15)

2015        Aug 16, A Syrian government air strike northeast of Damascus killed at least 96 people in a marketplace in Douma. A Syrian military source said air force strikes on Douma and nearby Harasta targeted the headquarters of the rebel group Islam Army.
    (Reuters, 8/16/15)(AFP, 8/17/15)

2015        Aug 17, In Syria rockets fired by insurgents killed 3 people in the coastal city of Latakia, a government stronghold.
    (AP, 8/17/15)

2015        Aug 18, Syrian government forces recaptured four northwestern villages as they pounded the area with air strikes in a counter-attack on insurgents threatening strongholds of President Bashar al-Assad.
    (Reuters, 8/18/15)
2015        Aug 18, In Syria Islamic State militants beheaded Khaled al-Asaad (81), a leading antiquities scholar who spent most of his life looking after the ancient ruins of Palmyra, then hung his body from a pole in a main square of the historic town and then reportedly cut into pieces.
    (AP, 8/19/15)(AFP, 8/23/15)
2015        Aug 18, Six Syrian migrants, including an infant, drowned off the Turkish coast as they tried to reach the Greek island of Kos.
    (SFC, 8/19/15, p.A2)

2015        Aug 19, In northeastern Syria a suicide bomber killed at least 16 people in an attack on Kurdish security forces. The blast in Qamishli killed 10 members of the Kurdish forces, called the Asayish, and 6 civilians. IS claimed responsibility. Aerial bombardment by the government of Harasta, a rebel stronghold east of Damascus, left at least 10 people dead.
    (AFP, 8/19/15)
2015        Aug 19, The UN said typhoid has broken out among residents of the Yarmouk Palestinian refugee camp in Syria.
    (Reuters, 8/19/15)

2015        Aug 20, A car ferry carrying just over 2,400 Syrian refugees arrived on the Greek mainland as a wave of migrants fleeing conflict and poverty continued unabated.
    (Reuters, 8/20/15)
2015        Aug 20, Israel hit 14 Syrian army positions in the Syrian-controlled sector of the Golan in response to the rocket attacks.
    (AFP, 8/20/15)

2015        Aug 21, In central Syria the Islamic State group demolished the Saint Elian Monastery founded more than 1,500 years ago, near Qaryatain, a town where the extremists abducted dozens of Christians earlier this month.
    (AP, 8/20/15)
2015        Aug 21, A UK military drone strike killed 3 fighters in Syria, including 2 British men, Reyaad Khan and Ruhul Amin, who had joined Islamic State militants. This was the first such drone strike acknowledged by the British government.
    (AP, 9/7/15)(Econ, 9/12/15, p.44)(AP, 4/26/17)
2015        Aug 21, Israel said it carried out an air raid that killed up to 5 Iran-backed militants it said were behind a rare rocket attack from across the border in Syria. Syrian television identified the victims as unarmed civilians.
    (AFP, 8/20/15)

2015        Aug 22, Syrian airstrikes on the Damascus suburb of Douma killed 34 civilians and wounded dozens in the latest wave of government attacks on the crowded rebel-held area.
    (AP, 8/22/15)    (AFP, 8/23/15)
2015        Aug 22, Turkey said its security forces have detained 435 migrants and Syrian refugees along with three suspected people smugglers, before they embarked on an attempt to cross the Aegean Sea to Greece.
    (AFP, 8/22/15)

2015        Aug 23, In Syria separate rocket attacks killed 11 people in the regime-held, Eastern Ghouta neighborhood northeast of Damascus. One person was killed in the capital itself. Airstrikes hit the town of Arbin, killing 4 civilians.
    (AFP, 8/23/15)
2015        Aug 23, In Syria the Islamic State group blew up a famed temple in Palmyra, in an act the UN condemned as a war crime and an "immense loss" for humanity.
    (AFP, 8/24/15)

2015        Aug 24, In Syria a US air strike outside Raqqa killed Junaid Hussain (21), an Islamic State hacker from Birmingham, England. The strike also killed 3 civilians.
    (SFC, 8/28/15, p.A4)(AFP, 1/29/16)

2015        Aug 26, In Turkey Jamil Raadoun, the commander of Sukour al-Ghab from the rebel Free Syrian Army, died in a bomb attack on his car in the southern province of Hatay. Raadoun, who defected from the Syrian army early on in the four-year-old civil war, had been in Turkey for about a year.
    (Reuters, 8/26/15)

2015        Aug 27, A Syrian judge said courts are hearing a series of cases against officials accused of corruption and mismanagement.
    (AFP, 8/27/15)

2015        Aug 28, Syria's Al-Qaeda offshoot and other rebel groups advanced towards a military airport that is the last remaining government-held facility in the northwestern province of Idlib.
    (AFP, 8/28/15)
2015        Aug 28, Turkish jets took part in US-led coalition air strikes against Islamic State in Syria for the first time.
    (AP, 8/29/15)

2015        Aug 29, A truce between Syrian regime forces and rebel groups in three key towns ended early today as the warring parties resumed clashes and shelling.
    (AFP, 8/29/15)
2015        Aug 29, In Syria 8 IS fighters were killed in a coalition air raid on Raqa, the de facto "capital" of their caliphate. An IS car bomb on Tal Rifaat, in Aleppo province, left 11 fighters and 8 civilians dead.
    (AFP, 8/30/15)

2015        Aug 30, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said 32 civilians were among 91 people executed for "crimes" in the jihadist group's self-proclaimed caliphate between July 29 and August 29.
    (AFP, 8/30/15)
2015        Aug 30, In central Syria Islamic State militants in Syria destroyed the main building of the 2,000-year-old Bel Temple in Palmyra, considered one of the greatest sites of the ancient world.
    (AP, 8/30/15)    (SFC, 8/31/15, p.A2)(Reuters, 9/1/15)
2015        Aug 30, The United States and its allies staged 15 airstrikes on Islamic State targets in Iraq and seven in Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 8/30/15)

2015        Sep 2, In Syria at least 10 people were killed and dozens wounded when a car bomb exploded in Latakia. Syrian air force strikes killed at least 14 people east of Damascus. A mortar attack on part of the campus of Damascus University killed at least 2 students and wounded several. Heavy shelling killed 3 civilians and wounded 45 in Jaramana city, east of Damascus.
    (Reuters, 9/2/15)

2015        Sep 4, In Syria two explosions late today and ensuing protests killed at least 37 people including Druze leader Sheikh Wahid al-Balous in and around the town of Sweida.
    (Reuters, 9/5/15)

2015        Sep 4, In Syria two explosions late today and ensuing protests killed at least 37 people including Druze leader Sheikh Wahid al-Balous in and around the town of Sweida. 20 Islamist and other rebel fighters were killed in the clashes throughout the day centered on the town of Marea, Aleppo province, along with 27 IS jihadists.
    (Reuters, 9/5/15)(AFP, 9/5/15)

2015        Sep 6, Syria arrested an Islamist insurgent from the al Qaeda-linked Nusra Front, who confessed to the two car bombs on Sep 4 and involvement in unrest that followed.
    (Reuters, 9/6/15)
2015        Sep 6, In Iraq the US-led coalition conducted 11 air strikes against the Islamic State, as well as four strikes targeting the militant group in Syria.
    (AP, 9/7/15)

2015        Sep 7, Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said Islamic State fighters have seized the Jazal oil field, last major oilfield under Syrian government control during battles over a vast central desert zone. The Observatory also said US-led coalition bombing raids in areas in the militant's de facto capital of Raqqa had killed at least 16 militants, including five foreign jihadists.
    (Reuters, 9/7/15)
2015        Sep 7, A Greek official said the United States has asked Greece to deny Russia the use of its airspace for supply flights to Syria.
    (Reuters, 9/7/15)

2015        Sep 8, A sandstorm blanketed Beirut and Damascus causing at least 5 deaths.
    (SFC, 9/9/15, p.A2)
2015        Sep 8, France carried out its first surveillance flights over Syria to prepare possible attacks on Islamic State jihadists.
    (AFP, 9/8/15)

2015        Sep 9, The Syrian army withdrew completely from Idlib province after insurgents captured the Abu al-Duhur military airport there. In eastern Syria jihadists of the Islamic State group edged closer to the regime-held military airbase outside Deir Ezzor in heavy clashes that killed 36 IS fighters. 56 soldiers either died in combat or were killed afterwards by the insurgents. A coalition air raid west of Raqqa reportedly killed as many as 20 civilians drafted to dig trenches for the jihadists. On Sep 19 the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said a total of 71 members of government forces had been executed at Abu al-Duhur air base since its capture.
    (Reuters, 9/9/15)(AFP, 9/10/15)(Reuters, 9/10/15)(Reuters, 9/19/15)(Econ, 9/12/15, p.44)
2015        Sep 9, A Syrian military official said Russian military experts have expanded their presence in Syria over the last year. US officials said Russia has sent two tank landing ships and additional aircraft to Syria in the past day or so and has deployed a small number of naval infantry forces. Germany's foreign minister warned Russia against increased military intervention in Syria.
    (Reuters, 9/9/15)
2015        Sep 9, Russia’s Foreign Ministry confirmed that Russian military advisers were in Syria as part of a long-standing agreement to provide military aid to the government.
    (SFC, 9/10/15, p.A3)

2015        Sep 11, In Syria 11 people were reportedly killed in rebel rocket fire on Damascus. State news said the shelling on the area had killed 4 people and injured 25.
    (AP, 9/12/15)
2015        Sep 11, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov called on world powers to help arm the Syrian army, describing it as the most efficient force against the Islamic State group.
    (AP, 9/11/15)

2015        Sep 14, In Syria at least 26 people including 2 children were killed in twin suicide car bomb attacks in the northeastern city of Hasakeh. IS claimed responsibility for the two attacks.
    (AFP, 9/14/15)

2015        Sep 16, US and allied forces conducted 21 air strikes in Iraq and one in Syria against Islamic State militants.
    (Reuters, 9/18/15)

2015        Sep 17, In Syria at least 53 people were killed in air raids by Syrian government forces in rebel-held areas of the northern city of Aleppo over the last 24 hours. Syrian warplanes carried out at least 12 airstrikes across Raqqa, the self-declared capital of the Islamic State group. In the south regime barrel bombs killed at least 17 people in Bosra Sham.
    (Reuters, 9/17/15)(AP, 9/17/15)(SFC, 9/18/15, p.A2)

2015        Sep 18, Syrian regime aircraft carried out at least 25 strikes on jihadist-controlled Palmyra, the country's famed ancient city, with 8 civilians among the dead.
    (AFP, 9/18/15)
2015        Sep 18, Russia delivered new arms including warplanes as the regime increases attacks on jihadists.
    (AFP, 9/22/15)
2015        Sep 18, The United States and Russian militaries renewed high-level contacts to discuss their roles in the conflict in Syria.
    (AFP, 9/18/15)

2015        Sep 20, In Syria warring parties agreed local ceasefires in two Shi'ite villages in northwestern Syria and a town near the Lebanese border.
    (Reuters, 9/20/15)

2015        Sep 20, In Syria warring parties agreed local ceasefires in two Shi'ite villages in northwestern Syria and a town near the Lebanese border. At least 14 civilians, including seven children, were killed when rebels shelled a government-controlled neighborhood in the northern city of Aleppo.
    (Reuters, 9/20/15)(AP, 9/20/15)

2015        Sep 21, In Syria heavy bombardment by forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad killed at least 18 civilians in a residential district of the northern city of Aleppo. 4 people were reported killed in twin car bomb attacks on the frontier town of Ras al-Ain. Kurdish security forces were among the dead. At least 38 Islamic State group fighters were killed in air strikes by the Damascus regime against Palmyra and two other towns in Homs province.
    (AFP, 9/21/15)(AFP, 9/22/15)
2015        Sep 21, In Syria the Islamic State group executed 7 men in Rastan, Homs province, and 2 men and a boy in Hreitan, Aleppo province, it accused of being gay.
    (AFP, 9/22/15)
2015        Sep 21, Islamic State militants released Massoud Aqeel, who was kidnapped last year in northern Syria, as part of a prisoner swap with a Kurdish militia. The IS group still held reporter Farhad Hamo.
    (Reuters, 9/26/15)

2015        Sep 23, A senior adviser to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad said Russia and the United States have reached a "tacit agreement" on ending Syria's bloody crisis.
    (AFP, 9/24/15)

2015        Sep 24, Syrian government planes carried out several airstrikes and dropped barrel bombs on the IS-controlled city of Palmyra for the third straight day, forcing hundreds of civilians to flee their homes in the ancient city.
    (AP, 9/24/15)
2015        Sep 24, The United States and its coalition partners targeted Islamic State with 22 fresh airstrikes in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 9/25/15)

2015        Sep 25, In Syria a UN-backed truce deal for two key front-lines was reached. The deal allows rebels to evacuate from an area besieged by pro-government forces in exchange for an evacuation of thousands of Shiites from two villages surrounded by militants in northern Idlib province.
    (AP, 9/25/15)

2015        Sep 26, The Syrian army fired a missile into the last rebel-held neighborhood of the central city of Homs killing 17 people, most of them civilians.
    (AFP, 9/27/15)
2015        Sep 26, Moscow pressed its military buildup at a new airbase in Syria. The US trained Division 30 of the New Syrian Forces handed over US provided military equipment to the al-Qaeda affiliated al-Nusra Front in exchange for safe passage in northern Syria.
    (AFP, 9/26/15)(Reuters, 9/26/15)
2015        Sep 26, A coalition led by the United States conducted 20 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and three against the militant group in Syria.
    (Reuters, 9/27/15)

2015        Sep 27, Syrian regime air strikes killed 4 civilians in Kfarbatna. 2 people died inside Damascus when opposition fighters fired shells onto the Adwa district.
    (AFP, 9/28/15)
2015        Sep 27, France launched its first air strikes against Islamic State in Syria in an act of "self-defense" to stop to the militant group from carrying out attacks inside France.
    (AP, 9/27/15)
2015        Sep 27, An Iraqi spokesman said Iraq, Russia, Iran and Syria have agreed to set up an intelligence committee in Baghdad aimed at sharing and analyzing information.
    (AFP, 9/27/15)

2015        Sep 28, In eastern Syria 15 civilians, including 5 children, were killed in regime air raids on a popular market in the jihadist-held city of Mayadeen, Deir Ezzor province.
    (AFP, 9/28/15)
2015        Sep 28, Prers. Obama said the United States is willing to work with Iran and Russia to try to end the Syrian conflict, but insisted there could not be a return to the status quo under Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.
    (Reuters, 9/28/15)
2015        Sep 28, UN Sec. Gen. Ban Ki-Moon for the first time called for the civil war in Syria to be referred to the Int’l. Criminal Court. Pres. Obama and Russian Pres. Vladimir Putin sharply disagreed over the chaos in Syria.
    (SFC, 9/29/15, p.A4)

2015        Sep 29, The United States imposed sanctions against more than 30 Islamic State leaders, financial figures, supporters and affiliated groups in an effort to block the militants from the international financial system. The newly designated individuals included citizens of Britain, France, Russia, Syria, Morocco, Saudi Arabia and Tunisia.
    (Reuters, 9/29/15)

2015        Sep 30, Russia launched air strikes against Islamic State in Syria after Pres. Vladimir Putin secured his parliament's unanimous backing to intervene to prop up the Kremlin's closest Middle East ally. Russian air strikes, which Moscow said targeted Islamic State fighters, hit a rebel group in Hama province supported by Western opponents of Pres. Bashar al-Assad. The Russian air strikes killed at least 36 civilians and targeted areas where Islamic State and al Qaeda-linked fighters were not present.
    (Reuters, 9/30/15)

   2015    Sep, UN figures showed that Syria’s population has shrunk to just 16.6 million, down from a pre-war level of 22 million.
    (Econ, 9/26/15, p.46)

2015        Oct 1, In Iraq and Syria the US-led coalition conducted 28 air strikes on Islamic State targets.
    (Reuters, 10/2/15)
2015        Oct 1, Two Lebanese sources said hundreds of Iranian troops had reached Syria in the past 10 days with weapons to mount a major ground offensive. Russian jets struck targets near the cities of Hama and Homs in western Syria on the second day of their surprise air campaign. The area where it struck is held by a rival insurgent alliance, which unlike Islamic State is supported by US allies including Arab states and Turkey.
    (Reuters, 10/1/15)
2015        Oct 1, The Pentagon launched talks with the Russian military to discuss ways to avoid mishaps in Syria between planes from the US-led coalition and Moscow.
    (AFP, 10/1/15)

2015        Oct 2, In Syria Islamic State attacked government-held areas in the eastern city of Deir al-Zor and an air base south of the city.
    (Reuters, 10/2/15)
2015        Oct 2, Russia bombed Syria for a third day, mainly hitting areas held by rival insurgent groups rather than the Islamic State fighters it said it was targeting. The US-led coalition called on the Russians to halt strikes on targets other than Islamic State. Russia said it had bombed the Islamic State stronghold of Raqa for the first time.
    (Reuters, 10/2/15)(AFP, 10/2/15)
2015        Oct 2, In Iraq and Syria the US-led coalition targeted Islamic State insurgents in 27 air strikes.
    (Reuters, 10/3/15)

2015        Oct 3, Russian jets hit Islamic State targets and other rebel groups in Syria, on a fourth day of air strikes by Moscow in support of President Bashar al-Assad which have dramatically escalated foreign intervention in Syria. Russia said its air strikes have sown "panic", forcing some 600 "militants" to abandon their positions and head to Europe.
    (Reuters, 10/3/15)(AFP, 10/3/15)
2015        Oct 3, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies carried out 16 air strikes against Islamic State militants.
    (Reuters, 10/4/15)

2015        Oct 4, Syrian activists said that Islamic State militants have destroyed the Arch of Triumph, a nearly 2,000-year-old arch in the ancient city of Palmyra.
    (AP, 10/4/15)   
2015        Oct 4, In western Syria air strikes by suspected Russian jets hit targets around the town of Talbiseh. One resident said at least 5 bodies had been recovered from the western part of the town. Russian planes also struck in Homs and Hama provinces.
    (Reuters, 10/4/15)
2015        Oct 4, The US-led coalition targeted Islamic State with 13 airstrikes in Iraq and eight in Syria.
    (Reuters, 10/5/15)

2015        Oct 5, More than 40 Syrian insurgent groups vowed to attack Russian forces in retaliation for Moscow's air campaign in a show of unity among the usually fragmented rebels against what they called the "occupiers" of Syria.
    (AP, 10/5/15)
2015        Oct 5, In an online statement dozens of Islamist Saudi Arabian clerics called on Arab and Muslim countries to "give all moral, material, political and military" support to what they term a jihad, or holy war, against Syria's government and its Iranian and Russian backers.
    (Reuters, 10/5/15)
2015        Oct 5, UNESCO's director-general condemned the destruction of the Arch of Triumph in the ancient Syrian city of Palmyra by Islamic State jihadists, saying "extremists are terrified by history and culture".
    (AFP, 10/5/15)
2015        Oct 5, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies carried out 24 air strikes on Islamic State targets.
    (Reuters, 10/6/15)

2015        Oct 6, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said Russian strikes at Palmyra killed 15 Islamic State fighters and destroyed 20 vehicles and three weapons depots. Another 4 Islamic State fighters were reported killed near Raqqa. The Observatory said Russian jets carried out at least 34 air strikes in the last 24 hours. Russia’s defense ministry dismissed reports that its planes had launched air strikes against Palmyra.
    (Reuters, 10/6/15)
2015        Oct 6, Russian strikes in Syria targeted the main weapons depots of Liwa Suqour al-Jabal, US-trained rebel group, in western Aleppo province and completely destroyed them.
    (Reuters, 10/7/15)
2015        Oct 6, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies staged 23 air strikes on Islamic State forces in the latest daily round of attacks on the militant group.
    (Reuters, 10/7/15)

2015        Oct 7, Russia and Syria carried out what appeared to be the first major coordinated assaults on Syrian insurgents. Moscow said its warships fired 26 missiles at them from the Caspian Sea, a sign of its new military reach. In Hama province at least 13 regime forces were killed in clashes that also killed 11 rebel fighters.
    (AP, 10/7/15)    (Reuters, 10/8/15)   

2015        Oct 8, Syrian troops and allied militia backed by a fresh wave of Russian air strikes and cruise missiles fired from warships attacked rebel forces as the government extended a major offensive to recapture territory in the west of the country. Insurgents shot down a helicopter in Hama province. Iranian Gen. Hossein Hamedani of the elite Revolutionary Guard Corps was killed late today near Aleppo.
    (Reuters, 10/8/15)(Reuters, 10/9/15)

2015        Oct 9, In Syria Islamic State fighters seized villages close to the city of Aleppo from rival insurgents. The Russian defense ministry said air strikes on rebel positions in the north had killed 300 anti-Assad insurgents in nearly 70 sorties over the last day.
    (Reuters, 10/9/15)
2015        Oct 9, France launched a new air strike overnight in Syria against an Islamic State training camp and said further strikes will follow.
    (Reuters, 10/9/15)

2015        Oct 10, Russia said it had stepped up its bombing campaign against Islamic State militants in Syria, while local observers said several of the air strikes had hit areas in western Syria where the hardline group has little presence.
    (Reuters, 10/10/15)

2015        Oct 11, Russian war planes pounded Syrian rebels unaffiliated with Islamic State, helping Moscow's ally Bashar al-Assad reclaim territory and dealing a fresh setback to the strategy of Washington and its allies. A senior Hezbollah commander was killed in the battle while fighting on the Syrian government's behalf.
    (Reuters, 10/11/15)
2015        Oct 11, Russian President Vladimir Putin met with Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Zayed al-Nahyan to discuss security in the Middle East and the conflict in Syria.
    (Reuters, 10/11/15)

2015        Oct 12, Syrian army and allied forces supported by Russian warplanes made further advances as they pressed an offensive against insurgents, in the fiercest clashes for nearly a week. Two Iranian senior Revolutionary Guards officers were killed fighting Islamic State. Pro-government forces including the Lebanese group Hezbollah captured the southern part of Kafr Nabuda. At least 25 government fighters were killed.
    (Reuters, 10/12/15)(Reuters, 10/13/15)(Reuters, 10/14/15)
2015        Oct 12, The EU demanded the "immediate" halt of Russian air strikes against moderate Syrian rebel groups and warned a lasting peace was impossible under Moscow-backed President Bashar al-Assad.
    (AFP, 10/12/15)
2015        Oct 12, A Kurdish militia that has been fighting Islamic State in Syria with help from US-led air strikes has joined forces with Arab groups in an alliance announced on that may be a prelude to an attack on the jihadists' base of operations in Raqqa.
    (Reuters, 10/12/15)

2015        Oct 13, Insurgents in Syria deployed more men and weapons, including significant quantities of anti-tank missiles, to resist ground attacks by the Syrian army and its allies, backed by Russian air strikes.
    (Reuters, 10/13/15)
2015        Oct 13, Russia said its air force hit 86 "terrorist" targets in Syria in the past 24 hours.
    (AFP, 10/13/15)
2015        Oct 13, The United States and its allies carried out 18 air strikes on Islamic State targets in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 10/14/15)

2015        Oct 14, In Syria Islamic State militants battled rival insurgent groups north of the city of Aleppo, where officials say the Syrian army is preparing an offensive of its own backed by Iranian soldiers and Russian jets. Russia said its jets hit 40 Islamic State targets in new strikes in Syria over the past 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 10/14/15)(AFP, 10/14/15)
2015        Oct 14, The United States and its allies conducted 25 air strikes on Islamic State forces in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 10/15/15)

2015        Oct 15, Syrian troops and their allies, backed by Russian jets, attacked rebel-held towns north of the city of Homs, targeting a long-held and strategic enclave of opposition to President Bashar al-Assad. A resident of Teir Malla said at least 25 people were killed including, Rawad al Aksah, a commander of insurgent group Liwaa al-Tawhid.   
    (Reuters, 10/15/15)
2015        Oct 15, A coalition led by the United States conducted three air strikes against Islamic State in Syria and bombarded the militant group with 21 strikes in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 10/16/15)
2015        Oct 15, In Syria Abdul Mohsen Abdallah Ibrahim al-Charekh, a Saudi better known as Sanafi al-Nasr, was killed in a US airstrike near the northern town of Dana, along with another Saudi and a Moroccan member of al-Qaida's local affiliate, known as the Nusra Front.
    (AP, 10/17/15)(Reuters, 10/18/15)

2015        Oct 16, In Syria Denis Cuspert, also known by his artist name Deso Dogg, was killed in a US air strike. He used to rap in Berlin and was one of the most famous Western fighters for the IS extremist group.
    (AFP, 10/30/15)
2015        Oct 16, Turkey shot down a drone in an incident highlighting the dangers of multiple air combat operations over Syria. Russian warplanes hit areas in support of the Syrian army's offensive south of Aleppo, around 35 km (20 miles) from the Turkish border.
    (Reuters, 10/16/15)
2015        Oct 16, UN experts said the Islamic State group is paying supporters up to $10,000 for each person that they recruit to wage jihad in Syria and Iraq.
    (AFP, 10/16/15)

2015        Oct 17, Syrian troops backed by Hezbollah and Iranian fighters made advances in their offensive to retake territory around the northern city of Aleppo from insurgents and jihadist fighters.
    (Reuters, 10/17/15)
2015        Oct 17, Russia said its air force has made 36 sorties, hitting 49 Islamic State targets in Syria in the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 10/17/15)
2015        Oct 17, The US-led coalition conducted 18 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and five in Syria, according to the task force organizing the military operation.
    (Reuters, 10/18/15)

2015        Oct 18, In Syria warplanes believed to be Russian targeted mourners in al-Ghanto village who were burying people killed a day earlier, killing four civilians.
    (AP, 10/18/15)
2015        Oct 18, A US-led coalition conducted 17 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and also targeted the militant group in Syria with a single strike near Manbij.
    (Reuters, 10/19/15)

2015        Oct 19, Syrian government forces advanced under the cover of Russian airstrikes toward an air base besieged by the Islamic State group in the north. Rebels battling the Syrian army and its allies near Aleppo said they had received new supplies of US-made anti-tank missiles from states opposed to President Bashar al-Assad since the start of a major government offensive last week. The commander of the Nour al Din al-Zinki Brigades was killed in fighting south of Aleppo.
    (AP, 10/19/15)(Reuters, 10/19/15)(Reuters, 10/20/15)
2015        Oct 19, In Syria Russian jets hit an Islamic State training camp and command post of Al-Qaeda affiliate Al-Nusra Front as they bombed 49 targets in the latest wave of strikes. Russian air strikes in Latakia province killed rebel commander Basil Zamo and 4 other fighters from First Coastal Division, a group armed by Pres. Bashar al-Assad's foreign enemies. A further 15 civilians were killed in the air strike in Jabal Akrad. At least 3 Russians fighting alongside Syrian government forces were killed and several more wounded when a shell hit their position in Latakia province.
    (AFP, 10/19/15)(Reuters, 10/20/15)
2015        Oct 19, In Lebanon 8 people were killed and many wounded when the army targeted militant positions along the eastern border with war-torn Syria.
    (AFP, 10/19/15)
2015        Oct 19, US-led forces conducted 15 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq, eight of them near the contested Sinjar area, and two air strikes in Syria.
    (Reuters, 10/20/15)

2015        Oct 20, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad flew to Moscow to thank Russia's Vladimir Putin personally for his military support, in a surprise visit that underlined how Russia has become a major player in the Middle East.
    (Reuters, 10/21/15)
2015        Oct 20, In Syria 13 people including medical staff were reportedly killed in Russian air strikes against a field hospital in the northwestern province of Idlib that was run by the Syrian-American Medical Society. Russia later called the reports fake.
    (AFP, 10/22/15)
2015        Oct 20, Russia's defense ministry said its planes had flown 55 sorties and struck 60 Islamist militant targets in Syria in the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 10/20/15)
2015        Oct 20, The US and Russia signed an agreement designed to minimize the risk of collisions and other dangers as both countries carry out air strikes in Syria.
    (SFC, 10/21/15, p.A2)

2015        Oct 21, In northern Syria a new administration was formed for a majority Sunni-Arab town controlled by Syrian Kurds, expanding the ethnic group's semi-autonomous administration. A local leadership council including representatives of Tel Abyad's Arab, Kurdish, Turkmen and Armenian communities declared it part of the system of autonomous self-government established by the Kurds.
    (AP, 10/21/15)(Reuters, 10/21/15)
2015        Oct 21, Russia said its jets have hit 83 targets in Syria over the past 24 hours.
    (AFP, 10/21/15)
2015        Oct 21, The US-led coalition fighting Islamic State targeted the militant group with 22 air strikes in Syria and Iraq.
    (Reuters, 10/22/15)

2015        Oct 22, The Russian defense ministry said its planes had flown 53 sorties and struck 72 militant targets in Syria in the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 10/22/15)
2015        Oct 22, The United States and its allies carried out 16 air strikes against Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 10/23/15)

2015        Oct 23, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said Russian air strikes in Syria have killed at least 446 people, more than a third of them civilians, since they began end-September.
    (AFP, 10/23/15)
2015        Oct 23, The United States, Russia, Turkey and Saudi Arabia met in Vienna to explore a political solution to the Syrian civil war despite the basic US-Russian disagreement over Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's fate.
    (AP, 10/23/15)

2015        Oct 24, Syrian troops backed by Russian air strikes battled Islamic State group fighters in a bid to restore a key supply line to Aleppo. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 28 IS fighters and 21 troops and militia have been killed in the battle for the road that leads to the government-held sector of Aleppo.
    (AFP, 10/24/15)
2015        Oct 24, In Syria Vadim Kostenko (19) a Russian soldier, reportedly hanged himself at a base on the Syrian coast because of problems in his personal life. At his funeral his father said there were no signs on the body to support the official account.
    (Reuters, 10/28/15)
2015        Oct 24, The Russian defense ministry said its planes had flown 934 sorties and destroyed 819 militant targets in Syria since the start of its operation there on Sept. 30.
    (Reuters, 10/24/15)
2015        Oct 24, The United States and Saudi Arabia agreed to increase support to Syria's moderate opposition while seeking a political resolution of the four-year conflict as Secretary of State John Kerry met with King Salman.
    (Reuters, 10/2515)
2015        Oct 24, The US-led coalition fighting Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria carried out 22 air strikes.
    (AP, 10/2515)

2015        Oct 25, Turkish military shot at Kurdish forces deployed in the town of Tal Abyad, Syria, using mostly machine guns. There were no casualties in the shooting and the Kurdish forces didn't return fire.
    (AP, 10/27/15)

2015        Oct 26, In Syria the Islamic State group killed 3 of its captives in the ancient city of Palmyra by tying them to Roman-era columns at the site, then blowing the structures up with explosives.
    (AP, 10/27/15)
2015        Oct 26, The Russian defense ministry said its planes had flown 164 sorties and struck 285 Islamic State and Jabhat al-Nusra militant targets in Syria in the last three days.
    (Reuters, 10/2615)

2015        Oct 27, The Syrian presidency said political initiatives could not work in Syria before terrorism had been wiped out, sticking by its long-held position on how to end the war after its Russian allies called for new elections.
    (Reuters, 10/27/15)

2015        Oct 28, Iran said Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif and three of his deputies will attend multilateral talks on Oct 29 in Vienna aimed at resolving the conflict in Syria. Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, the European Union and France also said they would attend the talks.
    (Reuters, 10/28/15)
2015        Oct 28, Russia said its air force flew 71 sorties over Syria in the last two days, carrying out 118 strikes on militant targets.
    (Reuters, 10/28/15)

2015        Oct 29, The British-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said there had been 595 deaths in Syria from Russian air strikes since September 30. Russian warplanes renewed strikes, including in the central province of Homs and the northwestern province of Idlib.
    (AFP, 10/29/15)
2015        Oct 29, In southern Turkey Syrian activists Ibrahim Abdelqader, aka Ibrahim Abdul-Qadir (22), and Fares Hamadi (20), journalists for the "Raqqa is being slaughtered silently" collective, were murdered by Islamic State operatives in Sanliurfa.
    (AP, 10/30/15)(AP, 12/17/15)(AP, 8/14/17)
2015        Oct 29, The United States and its allies conducted 11 air strikes against Islamic State militants in Iraq and one in Syria.
    (Reuters, 10/30/15)

2015        Oct 30, In Syria at least 47 people were killed and about 100 wounded when government forces fired missiles into a marketplace at Douma, a town 10 miles from Damascus. In the northeast a coalition of US-backed Kurdish militia and rebel groups launched its first operation against territory controlled by the IS jihadist group.
    (Reuters, 10/30/15)(AFP, 10/31/15)
2015        Oct 30, Iran signaled it backed a six-month transition period in Syria followed by elections to decide Bashar al-Assad's fate, a proposal floated at peace talks as a concession but which the president's foes rejected as a trick to keep him in power. Multilateral talks in Vienna failed, as expected, to reach a consensus on the future of President Bashar al-Assad.
    (Reuters, 10/30/15)(Reuters, 11/2/15)
2015        Oct 30, In southern Turkey Syrian activists Ibrahim Abdul-Qadir and Fares Hamadi, belonging to a collective that reports on Islamic State atrocities, were found slain in the city of Sanliurfa.
    (AP, 10/30/15)
2015        Oct 30, US sources said President Barack Obama plans to deploy a small number of special operations forces to Syria to advise moderate rebels, a step he has long resisted to avoid getting dragged into another war in the Middle East.
    (Reuters, 10/30/15)
2015        Oct 30, The US-led coalition launched seven air strikes against Islamic State targets in Syria and 14 in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 10/31/15)

2015        Oct 31, The US pledged nearly $100 million in fresh aid to support the Syrian opposition as Western and Arab officials gathered in Bahrain for the Manama Dialogue security conference.
    (SSFC, 11/1/15, p.A4)
2015        Oct 31, The US-led coalition conducted nine air strikes against Islamic State targets in Syria and 16 in Iraq. Air strikes by Turkish and US aircraft in Syria killed more than 50 Islamic State militants and wounded around 30.
    (Reuters, 11/1/15)

2015        Oct, Five Syrian media activists were captured by the Islamic State group. They were later believed to have been killed in December over their coverage of events in the eastern city of Deir el-Zour, half of which is held by IS. On June 26, 2016, a graphic video emerged showing their killing.
    (AP, 6/26/16)
2015        Oct, Syrian security services executed Bassel Khartabil (aka Bassel Safadi), a Palestinian-Syrian software pioneer, after torturing him in prison. In 2017 his widow Noura Ghazi Safadi wrote on Facebook that she received confirmation of his execution.
    (AP, 8/2/17)

2015        Nov 1, Islamic State fighters seized the Syrian town of Maheen in Homs province from government forces, expanding their presence in Syria's west despite a Russian-backed bombing campaign against them. At least 50 fighters on the government side were killed or wounded.
    (Reuters, 11/1/15)
2015        Nov 1, The US-led coalition conducted 10 air strikes against Islamic State in Syria on Sunday and 17 in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 11/2/15)

2015        Nov 2, Russia said its air force flew 131 sorties and hit 237 targets in Syria in the last two days.
    (Reuters, 11/2/15)
2015        Nov 2, The United States and its allies conducted 15 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and seven in Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/3/15)

2015        Nov 3, Syrian journalist Batoul Mokhles al-Warar was killed in a suburb of Damascus, amid clashes and shelling between government troops and rebel fighters.
    (AP, 11/3/15)
2015        Nov 3, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said it has confirmed 185 civilians killed in Russian airstrikes in the past month. It also reported and 131 IS fighters as well as 279 rebels not connected to IS killed in the Russian airstrikes. Air strikes by Russian warplanes on the Islamic State-held city of Raqqa killed 42 people, including 27 civilians.
    (SFC, 11/4/15, p.A3)(Reuters, 11/6/15)
2015        Nov 3, Iran's semi-official news agency Fars said Col. Mostafa Ezzatollah Soleimani, an officer with the elite Revolutionary Guard force, had died in fighting in Syria's contested province of Aleppo.
    (AP, 11/3/15)
2015        Nov 3, The United States and its allies targeted Islamic State with 25 air strikes in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/4/15)

2015        Nov 4, Syria's army recaptured the only road into the government-held side of Aleppo city from Islamic State group fighters. Rebels shot down a government MiG warplane with anti-aircraft fire in Hama province, forcing its pilot to eject. The pilot died after his parachute failed. Warplanes believed to be Russian carried out several air strikes on areas of the northwest that were included in a local ceasefire agreed by warring sides in September.
    (AFP, 11/4/15)(Reuters, 11/4/15)

2015        Nov 5, Syrian rebels, including jihadists, seized the last government-held town on the main highway between second city Aleppo and the city of Hama. Air strikes on the town on Albu Kamal on the Syrian border with Iraq killed 49 people, at least 31 of them civilians.
    (AFP, 11/5/15)(AFP, 11/7/15)
2015        Nov 5, France announced it would deploy an aircraft carrier to boost its fight against the Islamic State group, which has seized control of large parts of Iraq and Syria.
    (AFP, 11/5/15)
2015        Nov 5, Turkey, said it was planning to soon launch a military campaign against IS. Turkey shares an 800-km (500-mile) border with northern Syria.
    (AFP, 11/5/15)
2015        Nov 5, The United States and its allies targeted Islamic State in Iraq with 14 air strikes, and also hit the militant group with nine air strikes in Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/6/15)
    (AP, 11/7/15)

2015        Nov 7, The Islamic State group released 37 Syrian Christians, most of them women, who were among more than 200 people kidnapped in February. The Britain-based Observatory said at least 23 civilians, were killed in suspected Russian air strikes on rebel-held Douma, outside Damascus.
    (AFP, 11/7/15)

2015        Nov 8, In northwestern Syria suspected Russian air strikes killed at least 11 civilians in two towns in Idlib province. At least 10 people were killed in government air strikes on a town held by the Islamic State group in Aleppo province. Another 4 people, including a child, were killed in rebel fire on the government-held area of Aleppo city.
    (AFP, 11/8/15)

2015        Nov 9, In Syria pro-government gunmen captured the village of Sheikh Ahmad in Aleppo province. The troops advanced under the cover of Russian and Syrian airstrikes.
    (AP, 11/9/15)
2015        Nov 9, In eastern Syria the French army bombed an oil supply center near Deir Ezzor held by the Islamic State group, targeting part of an oil distribution station and secondly a gas separation plant.
    (AFP, 11/9/15)(AFP, 11/10/15)
2015        Nov 9, Russia's Defense Ministry said its air force flew 137 sorties and hit 448 targets in Syria in the last three days.
    (Reuters, 11/9/15)

2015        Nov 10, Syrian army troops reached the northern Kweires air base in Aleppo province, breaking a nearly two-year siege by insurgents on the facility. At least 100 soldiers and fighters were killed in just over 24 hours of fierce fighting as pro-government forces reached the Kweires airbase. At least 22 people were killed in mortar fire on the coastal city of Latakia. One person was killed and five wounded in a mortar attack on residential areas of Damascus. Another 4 people, including a child, were killed in government rocket fire on Douma.
    (AFP, 11/10/15)(Reuters, 11/12/15)
2015        Nov 10, The United States and its allies conducted 11 strikes against Islamic State in Syria and 17 in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 11/11/15)

2015        Nov 11, Syrian opposition figures and Gulf commentators dismissed a Russian draft proposal for a process to solve the Syrian crisis, saying Moscow's aim was to keep President Bashar al-Assad in power and marginalize dissenting voices.
    (Reuters, 11/11/15)
2015        Nov 11, Russia's Defense Ministry said its air force flew 85 sorties and hit 277 terrorist targets in Syria in the last two days.
    (Reuters, 11/11/15)

2015        Nov 12, The Islamic State released a Russian-language video threatening attacks in Russia "very soon".
    (Reuters, 11/12/15)
2015        Nov 12, A US attack in the Syrian town of Raqqa reportedly killed Mohammed Emwazi, aka British Islamic State leader "Jihadi John." The air strike resulted from a combined effort between Britain and the United States.
    (Reuters, 11/13/15)

2015        Nov 13, Russia said its air force flew 107 sorties and hit 289 terrorist targets in Syria on November 11-12.
    (Reuters, 11/13/15)
2015        Nov 13, The United States and its allies targeted Islamic State in Iraq with 20 air strikes, and also hit the militant group with seven air strikes in Syria.
    (AP, 11/14/15)

2015        Nov 14, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad said that French policy had contributed to the "spread of terrorism" that culminated in attacks claimed by the Islamic State group which killed 128 people in Paris.
    (AFP, 11/14/15)
2015        Nov 14, The Islamic State group claimed responsibility for a wave of attacks in Paris that killed 127 people.
    (AP, 11/14/15)
2015        Nov 14, Syria's al Qaeda offshoot, the Nusra Front, said it had captured three Lebanese Hezbollah fighters in northern Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/14/15)

2015        Nov 15, In Syria coalition strikes destroyed 116 fuel trucks used by the jihadist group near Albu Kamal, an IS-held town in Deir Ezzor province on the border with Iraq. French raids hit the IS stronghold of Raqa. A coalition strike destroyed 116 jihadists' oil trucks. 11 pro-government forces were killed and 45 were wounded when rebels, including Islamists, attacked them in Aleppo city. Warplanes believed to be Russian carried out 40 air strikes, including on the ancient city of Palmyra.
    (AFP, 11/16/15)
2015        Nov 15, In Syria Abu Ali al-Baridi, the leader of Al-Yarmuk Martyrs Brigade, a militant Syrian faction that had pledged allegiance to the Islamic State group, was killed along with two other leaders in a suicide attack by rival jihadists of al-Nusra.
    (AFP, 11/15/15)

2015        Nov 16, Islamic State warned in a new video that countries taking part in air strikes against Syria would suffer the same fate as France, and threatened to attack in Washington.
    (Reuters, 11/16/15)

2015        Nov 17, In Syria Al-Qaeda's Syrian affiliate Al-Nusra Front said it had downed two Russian reconnaissance drones over a military airport it controls in the northwest.
    (AFP, 11/18/15)
2015        Nov 17, France and Russia staged air strikes on Islamic State targets in northern Syria, punishing the group for the Nov 13 attacks in Paris and against a Russian airliner on Oct 31 that together killed 353 people.
    (Reuters, 11/17/15)
2015        Nov 17, The US-led coalition fighting Islamic State conducted 16 air strikes in Iraq and 13 in Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/18/15)

2015        Nov 18, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights monitoring group said French and Russian bombardments on Raqqa have killed at least 33 Islamic State militants over the past three days.
    (Reuters, 11/18/15)
2015        Nov 18, The Islamic State said in its magazine that it had killed a Chinese and a Norwegian captive, showing what appeared to be pictures of the dead men with a banner reading "executed."
    (Reuters, 11/18/15)
2015        Nov 18, Physicians for Human Rights said Syrian government attacks on hospitals in Aleppo have devastated the frontline city's health care, with roughly 95 percent of doctors having fled, been detained or killed.
    (AFP, 11/18/15)
2015        Nov 18, An international coalition led by the United States conducted 19 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq, targeting the militant group near Kirkuk, Kisik, Mosul, Ramadi and Sinjar. The coalition targeted Islamic State in Syria with eight strikes, including four that hit tactical units and destroyed buildings near Al Hasaka. One strike near Ar Raqqa hit a storage facility.
    (Reuters, 11/19/15)

2015        Nov 19, Syrian warplanes carried out airstrikes on a suburb of Damascus after talks for a two-week truce between the government and rebels collapsed.
    (AP, 11/19/15)
2015        Nov 19, An international coalition led by the United States targeted Islamic State in Iraq with 20 air strikes. There were no strikes in Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/20/15)
2015        Nov 19, Russian's military blasted targets across Syria with long-range strategic bombers for a third day.
    (AFP, 11/19/15)

2015        Nov 20, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said more than 1,300 people, around two-thirds of them combatants, have been killed in Russian air strikes in Syria since Moscow's aerial campaign began on September 30.
    (AFP, 11/20/15)
2015        Nov 20, Russian and Syrian warplanes carried out more than 70 strikes in eastern Deir Ezzor province, killing at least 36 people including 10 children. Dozens of oil tankers were destroyed. Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said that more than 600 rebels had been eliminated as a result of a cruise missile strike a target in Syrian Deir ez-Zour province.
    (AFP, 11/20/15)(Reuters, 11/20/15)(AFP, 11/21/15)
2015        Nov 20, Turkish media reported that authorities have seized close to the Syrian border a record haul of almost 11 million pills of the synthetic stimulant drug captagon which is believed to play a crucial part in Syria's civil war. It has been repeatedly dubbed as the drug fueling Syria's civil war since its production provides income for the warring factions and also keeps fighters awake and energized over long periods.
    (AFP, 11/20/15)

2015        Nov 21, Syrian rebels backed by Turkey and the United States seized two villages from Islamic State (IS) jihadists close to the Turkish border after fierce fighting.
    (AFP, 11/21/15)
2015        Nov 21, Syrian journalist Wasim al-Nuqari (38) was killed while covering the army's operations against Islamic State militants in the country's central region.
    (AP, 11/21/15)
2015        Nov 21, The United States and its allies conducted 16 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and nine in Syria. The US military destroyed 283 tanker trucks used by the militants to transport oil from producing fields in eastern Syria to smuggling points.
    (Reuters, 11/22/15)(AP, 11/23/15)

2015        Nov 22, In Syria a bomb placed on a motorcycle exploded in Tel Abyad, a Kurdish-held town along the Turkish border, killing at least 3 and wounded 20 others.
    (Reuters, 11/22/15)

2015        Nov 23, Syrian troops backed by Russian airstrikes captured areas from the Islamic State group in the central province of Homs, in the latest push since the aerial campaign began nearly two months ago. A US official said recent attacks with chlorine and mustard gas on the battlefield in Syria show that the use chemical weapons in the civil war is becoming routine.
    (AP, 11/23/15)(Reuters, 11/23/15)
2015        Nov 23, Russia said its warplanes had hit 472 targets in war-torn Syria in the past two days, including tanker trucks and oil infrastructure in territory controlled by the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 11/23/15)
2015        Nov 23, A US-led coalition targeted Islamic State in Iraq and Syria with 26 air strikes against the militant group.
    (Reuters, 11/24/15)

2015        Nov 24, Syrian fighters destroyed a Russian helicopter with a missile, shortly after they forced it to make an emergency landing in a nearby government-held area in Latakia province.
    (Reuters, 11/24/15)
2015        Nov 24, Turkey shot down a Russian warplane near the Syrian border, saying it had repeatedly violated its air space, one of the most serious publicly acknowledged clashes between a NATO member country and Russia for half a century. The pilot was shot dead by rebels as he parachuted to the ground.
    (Reuters, 11/24/15)(Reuters, 11/25/15)

2015        Nov 25, Russian forces launched a heavy bombardment against insurgent-held areas in Syria's Latakia province, near where a Russian warplane had been shot down by Turkey the day before. Air strikes hit a crossing on the Syrian side of the border with Turkey's southern province of Kilis. The strikes reportedly hit a garage for commercial trailers, killing 3 people.
    (Reuters, 11/25/15)(AP, 11/25/15)
2015        Nov 25, Russia sent an advanced missile system to Syria to protect its jets operating there and pledged its air force would keep flying missions near Turkish air space, sounding a defiant note after Turkey shot down a Russian fighter jet.
    (Reuters, 11/25/15)
2015        Nov 25, The surviving crew member of a Russian warplane shot down by Turkey said the plane received no warnings from the Turkish Air Force and did not fly over Turkish air space. Navigator Konstantin Murakhtin was rescued by Russian and Syrian special forces after ejecting from the plane. The US said data showed the Russian aircraft had transited Turkish airspace.
    (Reuters, 11/25/15)(SFC, 11/26/15, p.A4)
2015        Nov 25, The United States and its allies staged 27 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/26/15)

2015        Nov 26, Syrian residents said that Russian warplanes bombed the rebel-held town of Saraqeb, Idlib province, along the Turkish border a day after hitting a truck depot near a crossing between the two countries.
    (Reuters, 11/26/15)
2015        Nov 26, French President Francois Hollande arrived in Moscow for talks on Syria with Russia's Vladimir Putin. They agreed to tighten cooperation in the fight against the Islamic State group, although they remained at odds over their approach toward Syrian President Bashar Assad.
    (AFP, 11/26/15)(AP, 11/27/15)
2015        Nov 26, Germany confirmed that it will deploy Tornado reconnaissance jets to support France in the fight against Islamic State militants in Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/26/15)

2015        Nov 27, In Syria suspected Russian warplanes carried out several air strikes on the town of Azaz near the Turkish border, killing an estimated 5 people including a child. A series of airstrikes on Raqqa killed at least 8 people including 5 children.
    (Reuters, 11/27/15)(SFC, 11/28/15, p.A2)
2015        Nov 27, Turkish media said the government has "temporarily" suspended air strikes against Islamic State targets in Syria after the downing of a Russian warplane on the Syrian border sparked a major row with Moscow.
    (AFP, 11/27/15)

2015        Nov 28, Syrian state reported that the Syrian army has captured territory from Islamic State east of Aleppo including several kilometers of highway linking the city with the jihadists' de facto capital of Raqqa. One person was killed and 30 wounded in rocket and mortar attacks on two neighborhoods of Damascus.
    (Reuters, 11/28/15)(AFP, 11/28/15)
2015        Nov 28, The United States and its allies conducted 19 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and three in Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/29/15)

2015        Nov 29, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said airstrikes believed to have been carried out by Russian warplanes killed at least 18 people and wounded dozens in the insurgent held town of Ariha. Ariha Today, a Facebook page that covers events in the town, said the airstrikes killed 40 people and wounding more than 70.
    (AP, 11/29/15)
2015        Nov 29, Turkey recovered the body of Russian pilot Oleg Peshkov from northern Syria and presented it to Russian diplomats, five days after shooting down his warplane in an incident that wrecked relations between the two countries.
    (Reuters, 11/29/15)
2015        Nov 29, The United States and its allies conducted 15 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/30/15)

2015        Nov 30, In northern Syria 15 militants, 8 DFS fighters and 20 civilians were reported killed over the last 24 hours near the border area near Azaz.
    (AP, 11/30/15)
2015        Nov 30, A coalition led by the United States conducted 12 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq, and hit the militant group with a single strike in Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/1/15)

2015        Nov, The number of Islamic State fighters in Iraq and Syria was estimated at 30 to 100 thousand. Pentagon sources said coalition airstrikes have killed 20,000 IS fighters over the last 14 months. Coalition airstrikes against the IS this month alone numbered more than 3,000.
    (Econ, 11/21/15, p.23)(Econ, 12/12/15, p.47)

2015        Dec 1, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights and a Syrian official said a deal has been reached for thousands of insurgents to leave the last opposition-held neighborhood in the city of Homs. Implementation of the deal will begin early next week.
    (AP, 12/1/15)
2015        Dec 1, Al Qaeda's Syrian wing freed 16 Lebanese soldiers and policemen in exchange for the release of jailed Islamists including the ex-wife of Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.
    (Reuters, 12/1/15)
2015        Dec 1, The German cabinet approved a mandate offering military assistance to back the international fight against the Islamic State jihadist group following the Paris attacks.
    (AFP, 12/1/15)
2015        Dec 1, The United States and its allies staged 17 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/2/15)
2015        Dec 1, US Defense Secretary Ash Carter said the United States is deploying a specialized expeditionary targeting force to help Iraq put additional pressure on Islamic State and be positioned to conduct unilateral operations into Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/1/15)
2015        Dec 1, US General Joe Dunford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said that approximately 43 percent of the revenue stream that ISIL derives from oil has been affected over the past 30 days.
    (Reuters, 12/1/15)

2015        Dec 2, In Syria rebel shelling of Damascus reportedly killed two women and wounded 26 people, including 16 students.
    (AP, 12/2/15)
2015        Dec 2, The Islamic State posted footage online of Magomed Khasiev (23) in an orange jump suit kneeling beside a lake in Syria and confessing in Russian to spying on Islamic State militants. Another Russian speaker, this one in camouflage fatigues, then uses a hunting knife to hack off the kneeling man's head.
    (Reuters, 12/29/15)
2015        Dec 2, Britain voted to extend airstrikes to Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/3/15)
2015        Dec 2, Russia's defense ministry said it had proof that Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan and his family were benefiting from the illegal smuggling of oil from Islamic State-held territory in Syria and Iraq.
    (Reuters, 12/2/15)
2015        Dec 2, A coalition led by the United States bombarded Islamic State in Syria with 14 air strikes, and also hit the militant group in Iraq with 18 strikes.
    (Reuters, 12/3/15)

2015        Dec 3, Britain joined the US-led air strikes against Islamic State in Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/3/15)

2015        Dec 4, In Syria at least 35 civilians were killed and dozens wounded in a series of regime raids on a rebel stronghold east of Damascus.
    (AFP, 12/4/15)
2015        Dec 4, British bombers made their second round of strikes on Islamic State targets in Syria late today, again hitting oil fields.
    (Reuters, 12/5/15)
2015        Dec 4, Germany's lower house of parliament approved government plans to join the military campaign against Islamic State in Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/4/15)
2015        Dec 4, The United States and its allies targeted Islamic State with 12 strikes in Iraq and 11 in Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/5/15)

2015        Dec 5, Syrian Turkmen rebel fighters seized three villages from the Islamic State group near the Turkish border in clashes over the last 24 hours that killed 13 from the ethnic minority.
    (AFP, 12/5/15)
2015        Dec 5, The United States and its allies conducted 17 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and 12 in Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/6/15)

2015        Dec 6, At least 32 Islamic State fighters were killed and 40 more wounded in Syria's Raqqa province, in a series of air strikes believed to be carried out by a US-led coalition targeting the jihadists.
    (Reuters, 12/6/15)

2015        Dec 7, Syria's government accused the US-led coalition of launching airstrikes a day earlier on an army camp in Der el-Zour that killed 3 soldiers and wounded 13, which if confirmed would mark the first time US-led forces have struck troops loyal to President Bashar Assad. A US military official said the strike was from a Russian warplane.
    (AP, 12/7/15)(SFC, 12/8/15, p.A4)
2015        Dec 7, Syrian authorities released 35 opposition detainees in Homs, ahead of a deal that will lead to the departure of thousands of opposition fighters.
    (AP, 12/7/15)

2015        Dec 8, Syria said it will export more than 700,000 tons of citrus fruits to Russia to "fill the gap" left by Moscow's ban on Turkish agricultural products.
    (AFP, 12/8/15)
2015        Dec 8, Former British spy chief Richard Barrett said Syria has become the pre-eminent global incubator for a new generation of militants after Islamist groups more than doubled their recruitment of foreign fighters to as much as 31,000 over the past 18 months.
    (Reuters, 12/8/15)
2015        Dec 8, Russia said that recent air strikes against targets in Syria included the new Kalibre cruise missile from its Rostov-on-Don submarine in the Mediterranean Sea.
    (SFC, 12/9/15, p.A4)
2015        Dec 8, The United Nations called on Jordan to allow in 12,000 Syrian refugees stranded at the border in deteriorating humanitarian conditions and offered to help reinforce security at registration points.
    (Reuters, 12/8/15)
2015        Dec 8, The United States and its allies staged 26 air strikes against the Islamic State militant group in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/9/15)

2015        Dec 9, Syrian rebels began evacuating the last opposition-held district in Homs, paving the way for President Bashar al-Assad's regime to take full control of the country's third-largest city.
    (AFP, 12/9/15)
2015        Dec 9, Representatives from Syria's fragmented opposition began an unprecedented meeting hosted by Saudi Arabia, seeking a united front for potential talks with President Bashar al-Assad's regime.
    (AFP, 12/9/15)
2015        Dec 9, Russia said its air force flew 82 sorties against 204 targets in Syria in the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 12/9/15)
2015        Dec 9, The United States and its allies conducted 23 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/10/15)

2015        Dec 10, In northern Syria the Islamic State staged attacks in the predominantly Kurdish province of Hassakeh targeting offices of the main Kurdish militia known as YPG. At least 26 people were reported killed.
    (AP, 12/11/15)
2015        Dec 10, In Saudi Arabia opponents of Syria's President Bashar al-Assad agreed to bring together political and armed factions in a single body in preparation for possible peace talks with his government. Ahrar al-Sham pulled out of opposition talks. The group had insisted the priority should be overthrowing the regime, preserving Syria's unity and rejecting sectarianism.
    (Reuters, 12/10/15)(AFP, 12/10/15)
2015        Dec 10, A Turkish news agency said authorities have begun constructing a wall along a 82-km (50-mile) stretch of Turkey's border with Syria that is under the control of the Islamic State group on the Syrian side.
    (AP, 12/10/15)
2015        Dec 10, The first Canadian government plane carrying Syrian refugees arrived in Toronto late today where they were greeted by PM Justin Trudeau.
    (AP, 12/11/15)
2015        Dec 10, The United States and its allies staged 25 air strikes against the Islamic State militant group in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/11/15)

2015        Dec 11, President Vladimir Putin said that Russia has provided air cover, weapons and supplies to a leading Western-backed opposition group in Syria and called for closer coordination with the US-allied coalition.
    (AP, 12/11/15)
2015        Dec 11, The United States and its allies targeted Islamic State with 12 strikes in Iraq and five in Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/12/15)

2015        Dec 12, In Syria a powerful car bomb exploded near a hospital in the central city of Homs, killing 16 people and wounding dozens. Most residents belong to the same Alawite sect as Pres. Assad.
    (AFP, 12/12/15)

2015        Dec 13, In Syria rebels entrenched in an eastern suburb of Damascus fired volleys of mortar shells into Damascus. 6 civilians died in rebel fire on government-held areas in and near Damascus. At least 45 civilians were killed in four Eastern Ghouta towns in air strikes and rocket fire by pro-regime forces,
    (AP, 12/13/15)(Reuters, 12/13/15)(AFP, 12/14/15)
2015        Dec 13, The United States and its allies conducted 16 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/14/15)

2015        Dec 14, Syrian troops recaptured Marj al-Sultan and its airport east of Damascus, more than three years after they were overrun by rebel groups.
    (AFP, 12/14/15)

2015        Dec 15, In northern Syria airstrikes on a fuel market in a rebel-held village killed and wounded dozens and destroyed several tanker trucks. Warplanes also struck a market in Maskaneh killing at least 18 people.
    (AP, 12/15/15)(SFC, 12/16/15, p.A2)
2015        Dec 15, The United States and its allies staged a fresh round of air strikes against Islamic State, with six in Syria and 11 in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 12/16/15)

2015        Dec 16, Syrian government forces captured the strategic Noba Mountain, inching closer to a rebel-held stronghold in the coastal province of Latakia.
    (AP, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, Russia said its air force made 59 sorties in Syria in the past 24 hours and hit 212 Islamic State targets in the Syrian provinces of Aleppo, Idlib, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Khaseke and Raqqa.
    (Reuters, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, The United States and its allies conducted 18 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/17/15)

2015        Dec 17, The Syrian opposition hosted by Saudi Arabia elected former PM Riad Hijab as a coordinator of a body that is expected to lead future peace talks.
    (Reuters, 12/17/15)
2015        Dec 17, Finance ministers from the 15 UN Security Council nations adopted a plan aimed at disrupting outside revenue that the Islamic State extremist group gets from oil and antiquities sales, ransom payments and other criminal activities.
    (AP, 12/17/15)
2015        Dec 17, The United States and its allies conducted 22 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/18/15)

2015        Dec 18, In NYC some 20 foreign ministers gathered for the latest conference on Syria's civil war. The UN Security Council unanimously approved a resolution endorsing an international road map for a Syria peace process, a rare show of unity among major powers on a conflict that has claimed more than a quarter million lives.
    (AP, 12/18/15)(Reuters, 12/19/15)
2015        Dec 18, The United States and its allies staged 20 strikes against Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria, including one near the Iraqi city of Fallujah that is being investigated as a possible friendly fire incident.
    (Reuters, 12/19/15)

2015        Dec 19, An Israeli air strike killed Samir Qantar, a Hezbollah militant leader, in Damascus. Kantar, a Lebanese who was convicted of carrying out one of the most notorious attacks in Israeli history, had spent nearly three decades in an Israeli prison.
    (Reuters, 12/20/15)(AP, 12/20/15)

2015        Dec 20, The Syrian army with the backing of Russian air power said it had seized the rebel held town of Khan Touman in southern Aleppo. In northwest Syria air strikes believed to have been carried out by Russian warplanes killed 58 people in the center of the rebel-held city of Idlib. At least 10 people were wounded in an explosion that hit a military bus in the Mazzeh residential district of western Damascus.
    (Reuters, 12/20/15)(AFP, 12/20/15)(AFP, 12/23/15)
2015        Dec 20, The United States and its allies conducted 15 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/21/15)

2015        Dec 22, In Syria Islamic State group jihadists killed 9 students when they shelled a school in the eastern city of Deir Ezzor.
    (AFP, 12/22/15)

2015        Dec 23, In Syria clashes and suicide attacks by the Islamic State group killed at least 26 pro-government fighters in the eastern city of Deir Ezzor.
    (AFP, 12/23/15)(AFP, 12/24/15)
2015        Dec 23, Russia's Defense Ministry said its air force has carried out 302 sorties in Syria between Dec. 18 and 23, hitting 1,093 Islamic State targets.
    (Reuters, 12/23/15)
2015        Dec 23, The United States and its allies conducted 18 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and six in Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/24/15)

2015        Dec 24, Syria's regime said it was ready to take part in new talks in Geneva aimed at ending the war but appeared to make its participation conditional on which opposition groups will attend.
    (AFP, 12/24/15)
2015        Dec 24, In Syria air raids by government warplanes killed 20 civilians, including 7 children, in an area southeast of Damascus. A US-backed alliance of Syrian Kurds and Arab rebel groups advanced toward a dam in northern Syria held by Islamic State fighters, in an assault aimed at capturing the militants' stronghold of Raqqa.
    (AFP, 12/24/15)(Reuters, 12/24/15)
2015        Dec 24, In Syria French national Charaffe al Mouadan (26) was killed in a US-led coalition air strike. He had "direct" ties to the alleged mastermind of the Nov 13 Paris attacks.
    (AFP, 12/29/15)
2015        Dec 24, The United States and its allies conducted 31 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/25/15)

2015        Dec 25, Rebel sources in Syria said Zahran Aloush (44), the head of Jaysh al Islam, one of the most powerful insurgent groups in the rebel-held suburbs of Damascus, was killed in a Russian aerial raid that targeted his group's headquarters. Abu Hammam al Buwaidani was soon chosen as the group’s new leader.
    (Reuters, 12/25/15)
2015        Dec 25, In northern Syria fierce clashes between regime loyalists and rebels including Al-Qaeda fighters left more than 70 dead.
    (AFP, 12/26/15)
2015        Dec 25, In Syria Islamic State militants released 25 more Assyrian Christian hostages they had held captive for 10 months.
    (AP, 12/25/15)
2015        Dec 25, The United States hit Islamic State group targets in Iraq and Syria with 17 airstrikes on Christmas Day.
    (AP, 12/26/15)

2015        Dec 26, Syrian government forces booby trapped a cluster of farm buildings in the southern Daraa province and detonated the explosives as several Islamic rebel factions gathered at the venue, killing 17 militants.
    (AP, 12/27/15)
2015        Dec 26, A US-backed alliance of Syrian Kurds and Arab rebel groups, backed by US coalition planes, captured Tishreen Dam from Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 12/26/15)(AFP, 1/2/16)
2015        Dec 26, The United States and its allies conducted 28 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and five in Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/27/15)

2015        Dec 27, The United States and its allies conducted 37 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/28/15)
2015        Dec 27, In Turkey Naji Jerf, a Syrian journalist and filmmaker who documented atrocities by the Islamic State, was killed in Gaziantep.
    (SFC, 12/25/15, p.A2)

2015        Dec 28, In Syria at least 32 people were killed and 90 wounded in two bomb explosions in Homs. It was the second major attack in the city since a ceasefire deal took effect earlier this month. Homs-based activist Bebars Al-Talawy later said Abu Bilal al-Homsi most likely carried out one of the bombings.
    (Reuters, 12/28/15)(AP, 1/1/16)
2015        Dec 28, In Syria buses and ambulances carrying around 450 fighters and civilians evacuated from two besieged areas crossed into Turkey and Lebanon.
    (Reuters, 12/28/15)
2015        Dec 28, The United States and its allies targeted Islamic State with 31 air strikes in their latest daily operations against the militant group in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/29/15)

2015        Dec 29, The United States and its allies staged 28 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/30/15)

2015        Dec 30, Syrian authorities arrested Ahmad al-Asrawi and Munir al-Bitar, prominent members of the country's domestic opposition, as they traveled to Riyadh to meet other regime opponents.
    (AFP, 12/30/15)
2015        Dec 30, Syrian troops fought their way into a rebel-held town in the southern province of Deraa in an assault which rebels said was supported by the heaviest Russian aerial bombing campaign so far in the south.
    (Reuters, 12/30/15)
2015        Dec 30, In northeastern Syria two restaurants were bombed in a predominantly Kurdish city of Qamishli. The attack killed at least 16 people and wounded more than 30.
    (AP, 12/31/15)
2015        Dec 30, Russia said its air force made 121 sorties and hit 424 targets in Syria during December 28-29.
    (Reuters, 12/30/15)
2015        Dec 30, The US-led coalition carried out 24 strikes against Islamic State militants, in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/31/15)

2015        Charles Glass authored “Syria Burning: ISIS and the Death of the Arab Spring."
    (Econ, 7/11/15, p.73)
2015        Leon Goldsmith authored “Cycle of Fear: Syria’s Alawites in War and Peace."
    (Econ, 7/11/15, p.74)
2015        Journalists Hassan Hassan and Michael Weiss authored "ISIS: Inside the Army of Terror." The authors spoke to dozens of fighters and members of the group to understand its allure and how it justifies its brutal tactics.
    (AFP, 2/5/15)
2015        William McCants authored “"The ISIS Apocalypse: The History, Strategy, and Doomsday Vision of the Islamic State."
    (Econ, 9/26/15, p.86)
2015        In Jordan incoming Syrian refugees now made up a fifth of the population.
    (Econ, 7/4/15, p.40)

2016        Jan 2, In Syria 16 jihadists were reported killed and 19 wounded in clashes with Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) near Ain Issa.
    (AFP, 1/2/16)
2016        Jan 2, The United States and its allies conducted 26 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 1/3/16)

2016        Jan 3, The Islamic State released a new video in which five purported British spies are shot dead by masked extremists as propaganda from a group that is losing control of territory in Syria and Iraq. Newspapers named Siddhartha Dhar, a British Indian, as the speaker in the tape.
    (AP, 1/4/16)(SFC, 1/4/16, p.A4)(Econ, 1/9/16, p.50)

2016        Jan 5, Gunmen in Syria shot and killed Abu Rateb al-Homsy, the commander of an ultraconservative rebel group in the central Homs province.
    (AP, 1/6/16)

2016        Jan 6, In Syria several mortar rounds struck residential neighborhoods in the capital, Damascus, killing at least 8 people and wounding at least two dozen others. State media said "terrorists" from the Army of Islam rebel group fired the shells from the suburb of Eastern Ghouta.
    (AP, 1/6/16)
2016        Jan 6, In Syria Ali Saqr (21) executed his mother near the post office building where she worked in front of hundreds of people in Raqqa because she had encouraged him to leave the Islamic State group.
    (Reuters, 1/8/16)(SFC, 1/9/16, p.A2)
2016        Jan 6, The United States and its allies staged 36 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 1/7/16)

2016        Jan 7, The US-led coalition launched 23 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and three in Syria.
    (Reuters, 1/8/16)

2016        Jan 9, In Syria Russian strikes on a prison complex run by the Nusra Front, Al-Qaeda's Syrian affiliate in the country's northwest, killed at least 81 people, including 23 Al-Qaeda fighters.
    (AFP, 1/9/16)(AFP, 1/10/16)
2016        Jan 9, The US-led coalition conducted 11 air strikes against Islamic State forces in Syria and 15 in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 1/10/16)

2016        Jan 10, In Syria the Nusra Front Al-Qaeda affiliate abducted Hadi al-Abdallah and Raed Fares, two of the country's most prominent media activists from a radio station in the northwestern Idlib province.
    (AFP, 1/10/16)

2016        Jan 11, Syria's opposition coordinator Riad Hijab accused Russia of killing dozens of children after a bombing raid today and said such action meant the opposition could not negotiate with President Bashar al-Assad's government. He put the death toll at 35 children and said the Russian strikes had hit three schools in total.
    (AFP, 1/11/16)
2016        Jan 11, In Syria an aid convoy entered the besieged town of Madaya. 40,000 people were trapped by encircling government forces and local doctors said some residents have starved to death.
    (Reuters, 1/11/16)(Reuters, 1/12/16)

2016        Jan 11, The United States and its allies conducted 23 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 1/12/16)

2016        Jan 12, Syrian state media said the government’s army and allied forces has taken full control of the rebel-held town of Salma, Latakia province.
    (AFP, 1/12/16)

2016        Jan 13, The US-led coalition conducted 20 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 1/14/16)

2016        Jan 14, In Syria a convoy carrying desperately needed food and medicine entered the hunger-stricken town of Madaya, the second delivery of aid this week after months of government siege.
    (AFP, 1/14/16)

2016        Jan 15, Turkey announced that it is to grant work permits to Syrian refugees, in a key move which could allow Syrians to build more prosperous and stable lives in the country.
    (AFP, 1/15/16)
2016        Jan 15, The UN children's fund UNICEF confirmed cases of severe malnutrition among children in the besieged Syrian town of Madaya, where local relief workers reported 32 deaths of starvation in the past month.
    (Reuters, 1/15/16)

2016        Jan 16, In Syria Islamic State militants kidnapped at least 400 civilians when they attacked government-held areas in the eastern city of Deir al-Zor. Air strikes on the Islamic State group's bastion of Raqa killed 40 civilians, including 8 children. It was unclear if the strikes were carried out by regime or Russian planes. The UN said it has unverified reports that 15-20 people died of starvation in the Syrian city of Deir Al-Zor in 2015, where 200,000 people face sharply deteriorating conditions and a severe food shortage.
    (Reuters, 1/16/16)(Reuters, 1/17/16)(AFP, 1/17/16)

2016        Jan 18, In Syria Islamic State advanced against government forces near the city of Deir al-Zor after attacking the towns of Ayyash and Begayliya. The Britain-based Observatory said 120 members of the Syrian government forces and 70 Islamic State fighters had been killed in clashes since Jan 16.
    (Reuters, 1/19/16)
2016        Jan 18, In Turkey at least one person was killed and one more seriously wounded when a rocket fired from a jihadist-controlled area in Syria slammed into a schoolyard in the border town of Kilis.
    (AFP, 1/18/16)
2016        Jan 18, The United States and its allies staged two dozen strikes against the Islamic State militant group in Syria and Iraq.
    (Reuters, 1/19/16)

2016        Jan 19, Russia said its air force has delivered more than 40 tons of humanitarian aid to areas of Syria which are blocked by “terrorists."
    (Reuters, 1/19/16)

2016        Jan 20, Syria's state-run news agency and opposition activists said some 500 displaced families have returned to their homes in a neighborhood on the southwestern edge of Damascus. They had fled their homes fled in 2013-2014 battles.
    (AP, 1/20/16)
2016        Jan 20, The US-led coalition staged 16 strikes in Iraq and Syria targeting the against Islamic State militant group.
    (Reuters, 1/21/16)

2016        Jan 23, In eastern Syria at least 29 civilians were killed in air strikes suspected to have been carried by Russian warplanes in the village of Khasham, Deir Ezzor province. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 63 people, including 9 children, died in the air strikes.
    (AFP, 1/23/16)(Reuters, 1/24/16)

2016        Jan 24, Syrian pro-government forces recaptured a key rebel-held town in coastal Latakia province, building on battlefield advances in the area just a day ahead of planned peace talks in Geneva between Damascus and Syria's opposition.
    (AFP, 1/24/16)
2016        Jan 24, The United States and its allies staged 19 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria in the coalition's latest round of daily attacks on the militant group.
    (Reuters, 1/25/16)

2016        Jan 25, The coalition of the United States and its allies conducted 18 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 1/26/16)

2016        Jan 26, Syria's regime seized a strategic southern town from rebel forces, as leading opposition representatives debated whether to attend peace talks in Geneva this week. A bomb attack claimed by Islamic State in the Syrian government-controlled city of Homs killed at least 24 people. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights monitoring group put the death toll at 29.
    (AFP, 1/26/16)(Reuters, 1/26/16)

2016        Jan 27, In Syria suspected Russian air strikes killed at least 54 civilians in rebel- and jihadist-held areas in the eastern Deir Ezzor province and its provincial capital of the same name.
    (AFP, 1/28/16)

2016        Jan 29, The UN Syria envoy Staffan de Mistura will meet a Syrian government delegation in Geneva to kick off the first peace talks for almost two years and will later meet other participants in the talks, his office said in a statement.
    (Reuters, 1/29/16)
2016        Jan 29, Human Rights Watch said Iran's Revolutionary Guards has recruited thousands of Afghans, some by coercion, to fight in Syria's war alongside forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad.
    (AFP, 1/29/16)

2016        Jan 30, Doctors Without Borders said 16 recent deaths have brought the number of people reported to have died of starvation in Madaya, Syria, to 46 since December.
    (AFP, 1/30/16)

2016        Jan 30, A delegation from Syria's main opposition group arrived in Geneva to join UN-mediated peace talks, demanding President Bashar al-Assad's government be made to comply with a UN resolution on humanitarian aid and human rights.
    (Reuters, 1/30/16)
2016        Jan 30, In Syria suspected Russian air strikes killed at least 10 civilians in a village held by the Islamic State group in the eastern province of Deir Ezzor.
    (AFP, 1/30/16)

2016        Jan 31, In Syria at least 70 people were killed and scores wounded when a car bomb and two suicide bombers blew them themselves up in the Sayeda Zeinab district of Damascus, where Syria's holiest Shi'ite shrine is located.
    (Reuters, 1/31/16)(Reuters, 2/1/16)

2016        Feb 1, Syrian peace talks gained a small measure of momentum with the UN special envoy formally declaring the start of indirect negotiations, even as the opposition spokesman accused Russia of producing a "new Hitler" in Moscow and supporting another Hitler in Damascus.
    (AP, 2/1/16)
2016        Feb 1, Russia's Defense Ministry said its air force has carried out 468 sorties in Syria over the past week, hitting more than 1,300 "terrorist" targets.
    (Reuters, 2/1/16)

2016        Feb 2, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), an alliance of Kurdish and Arab fighters under the umbrella of the PYD, the main Syrian Kurdish force, severed the corridor between Aleppo and the Turkish border critical for rebel supplies, in tacit alliance with the Assad regime.
    (Econ, 2/20/16, p.39)

2016        Feb 3, The Syrian army cut the last supply route linking opposition forces in the northern city of Aleppo to the Turkish border, as Russia vowed no let-up in its aerial bombardment in support of the regime.
    (AFP, 2/3/16)
2016        Feb 3, Lebanon said its army killed six gunmen and arrested 16 suspected militants, including a commander from the Islamic State group, in a raid in the town of Arsal near the border with Syria.
    (Reuters, 2/3/16)

2016        Feb 4, A US defense official said Libya has seen an influx of Islamic State extremists in recent months, while the number of jihadists in Iraq and Syria has dropped by several thousand.
    (AFP, 2/4/16)
2016        Feb 4, Donor nations meeting in London pledged to give billions of dollars in aid to Syrians as world leaders gathered for a conference to tackle the world's worst humanitarian crisis. The British government announced £1.2 billion (1.6 million euros, $1.74 billion) in aid for war-torn Syria and its neighbours.
    (Reuters, 2/4/16)(AFP, 2/4/16)
2016        Feb 4, Turkish PM Ahmet Davutoglu said tens of thousands of Syrians are moving toward the Turkish border from the Syrian city of Aleppo due to increased aerial bombardment.
    (Reuters, 2/4/16)
2016        Feb 4, A UN envoy halted his attempts to conduct Syrian peace talks after the army, backed by Russian air strikes, advanced against rebel forces north of Aleppo, choking opposition supply lines from Turkey to the city.
    (Reuters, 2/4/16)

2016        Feb 5, In Syria pro-government troops retook another northern community as part of a weeklong offensive aimed at encircling the country's largest city, Aleppo. The capture was backed by shelling and airstrikes, including by Russian warplanes. Tens of thousands were apparently streaming towards Turkey as regime troops pressed a major Russian-backed offensive around Aleppo.
    (AP, 2/5/16)(AFP, 2/5/16)
2016        Feb 5, Iranian mdia said a high-ranking member of the elite Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) and 6 Iranian Basij militia volunteers have been killed in fighting in Syria’s northern Aleppo province.
    (Reuters, 2/5/16)
2016        Feb 5, A UN report said thirty-four militant groups from around the world had reportedly pledged allegiance to the Islamic State extremist group as of mid-December — and that number will only grow in 2016.
    (AP, 2/5/16)

2016        Feb 7, Aid trucks and ambulances entered Syria from Turkey to deliver food and supplies to tens of thousands of people fleeing an escalating government assault on Aleppo, as air strikes targeted villages on the road north to the Turkish border. 45 pro-regime fighters killed by gunfire and another 31 killed when landmines were detonated during clashes near Damascus.
    (Reuters, 2/7/16)(AP, 2/13/16)
2016        Feb 7, A top official in the United Arab Emirates said that his country is prepared to send ground troops to Syria to fight Islamic State militants as part of an international coalition.
    (AP, 2/7/16)
2016        Feb 7, The United States and its allies conducted ten strikes against Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 2/8/16)

2016        Feb 8, Syrian army troops recaptured a new village north of Aleppo, bringing troops and allied militiamen to within a few kilometers of the Turkish border as part of a major Russian-backed offensive in the area.
    (AP, 2/8/16)
2016        Feb 8, Canada announced it will end air strikes targeting the Islamic State group in Iraq and Syria and bring home its six fighter jets on February 22.
    (AFP, 2/8/16)

2016        Feb 9, In Syria a suicide car bomber blew himself up at a police officers' club in a residential district of Damascus, killing at least 10 people and causing wide material damage.
    (AP, 2/9/16)

2016        Feb 10, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 500 people have been killed on all sides during fighting in Aleppo province since the start of a Syrian army and allied forces offensive began in early February.
    (Reuters, 2/10/16)
2016        Feb 10, In northern Syria Kurdish fighters backed by Russian airstrikes launched an attack in an attempt to capture a military air base held by Syrian insurgents. An international aid group warned that the health system is close to collapse in parts of northern Syria.
    (AP, 2/10/16)

2016        Feb 11, In Syria Kurdish-led fighters aided by Russian bombing captured the rebel-held Menagh military airport near the border with Turkey. Russian warplanes staged at least 30 raids against the rebels holding out there.
    (Reuters, 2/11/16)
2016        Feb 11, The Syrian Center for Policy Research (SCPR) estimated that the death toll in the current Syrian civil war has reached 470,000.
    (Econ, 2/20/16, p.41)
2016        Feb 11, Russia's Defense Ministry said that two US aircraft had bombed the Syrian city of Aleppo on Feb. 10, and that Russian planes had not been operating in the area.
    (Reuters, 2/11/16)

2016        Feb 12, Meeting in Germany major powers agreed to a cessation of hostilities in Syria set to begin in a week and to provide rapid humanitarian access to besieged Syrian towns, but failed to secure a complete ceasefire or an end to Russian bombing.
    (Reuters, 2/12/16)
2016        Feb 12, A Turkish deputy prime minister said up to 40,000 refugees have settled in camps on the Turkish border inside Syria in the latest wave of migration.
    (Reuters, 2/12/16)

2016        Feb 13, Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said Saudi Arabia will send aircraft to NATO-member Turkey's Incirlik air base for the fight against Islamic State militants in Syria.
    (Reuters, 2/13/16)

2016        Feb 14, The Syrian Kurdish PYD party rejected Turkish demands that allied militia withdraw from positions near the border that are being shelled by Turkish army.
    (Reuters, 2/14/16)
2016        Feb 14, Russia said President Vladimir Putin and US President Barack Obama agreed to intensify diplomatic and other cooperation to implement an agreement on Syria struck at talks in Munich.
    (Reuters, 2/14/16)
2016        Feb 14, The Turkish army shelled positions held by Kurdish-backed militia in northern Syria for a second day, killing two fighters.
    (Reuters, 2/14/16)

2016        Feb 15, In Syria almost 50 civilians were killed when missiles hit at least five medical facilities and two schools in rebel-held areas. At least 14 people were killed on in the northern Syrian town of Azaz. French charity Doctors Without Borders said in a statement that at least eight staff were missing after four rockets hit a hospital that it supported in the province of Idlib.
    (Reuters, 2/15/16)(Reuters, 2/15/16)
2016        Feb 15, Turkish security forces hit Kurdish militia targets in Syria for the third day in a row after a border security outpost on the border was attacked this morning.
    (Reuters, 2/15/16)

2016        Feb 16, In Syria 15 civilians were killed in US-led strikes on the town of Al-Shadadi.
    (AFP, 2/18/16)

2016        Feb 17, In Syria 8 civilians, including one woman, were killed in US-led strikes on another IS-controlled village in in Hasakeh province. Strikes elsewhere in the province also killed 26 IS fighters.
    (AFP, 2/18/16)
2016        Feb 17, Nine Kurdish soldiers were admitted with symptoms including vomiting, nausea, shortness of breath and itching. It wasbelieved that Islamic State militants fired mortar shells believed to have been filled with a chemical substance, possibly chlorine, at Kurdish troops close to the Iraqi town of Sinjar.
    (AP, 2/18/16)
2016        Feb 17, The United States and its allies conducted 19 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 2/18/16)

2016        Feb 18, EU leaders began meeting to thrash out a deal that aims to keep Britain in the bloc.
    (AP, 2/18/16)
2016        Feb 18, In India a protest that rocked a New Delhi university this week spread across the country, with students and teachers in at least 10 cities demanding the release of student leader Kanhaiya Kumar arrested on sedition charges and accused of being anti-Indian.
    (AP, 2/18/16)
2016        Feb 18, An Iraqi militia group said the government has decided to cut the number of state-financed paramilitary forces due to a shortage of funds as the international oil price declines.
    (AP, 2/18/16)
2016        Feb 18, Japan-based Toyota said it is recalling nearly 2.9 million sports utility vehicles, including more than 1.1 million in the US, because of seat belts that might fail in a crash.
    (AP, 2/18/16)
2016        Feb 18, The Syrian army backed by heavy Russian aerial bombing said it had captured the town of Kansaba in the northern countryside of the coastal province of Latakia.
    (Reuters, 2/18/16)
2016        Feb 18, In northeastern Syria strikes by a US-led coalition against the Islamic State group killed at least 15 civilians, including 3 children. 9 IS fighters were also killed in the strikes on the four villages in Hasakeh province.
    (AFP, 2/18/16)
2016        Feb 18, Ugandans began voting in a presidential election that pits President Yoweri Museveni (71), in power for three decades, against a long-time rival Kizza Besigye.
    (Reuters, 2/18/16)

2016        Feb 19, A task force set up to discuss a planned cessation of hostilities in Syria met for the first time in Geneva. Western powers rejected a Russian bid at the UN to halt Turkey's military actions in Syria, as France warned of a dangerous escalation in the nearly five-year conflict.
    (Reuters, 2/19/16)(AFP, 2/19/16)
2016        Feb 19, The United States and its allies targeted Islamic State militants in Iraq with 16 strikes and nine in Syria.
    (AFP, 2/20/16)

2016        Feb 20, Syria's army and allies, backed by Russian air strikes, recaptured 18 villages from Islamic State fighters in eastern Aleppo province.
    (Reuters, 2/20/16)
2016        Feb 20, A source close to peace talks said Syria's opposition has agreed to a two- to three-week truce on condition that Russia stops its air strikes, sieges are ended and access for aid allowed across the country. President Bashar al-Assad said he was ready for a ceasefire, on condition "terrorists" did not use a lull in fighting to their advantage and that countries backing insurgents halted support for them.
    (Reuters, 2/20/16)(Reuters, 2/21/16)

2016        Feb 21, In Syria a string of suicide bombings near a Shiite shrine outside Dmascus and in Homs claimed by jihadists killed more than 150 people.
    (AFP, 2/21/16)

2016        Feb 22, In Syria the Islamic State group and other jihadists cut a vital supply route linking the west of Syria's second city Aleppo with other government-held territory.
    (AFP, 2/22/16)
2016        Feb 22, Syria's main opposition umbrella group was meeting in the Saudi capital as Washington and Moscow worked to secure a ceasefire..
    (AFP, 2/22/16)
2016        Feb 22, A Christian official in northeastern Syria said the Islamic State group has released the last group of Assyrian Christians taken hostage last year. The 43 freed Christians were part of about 230 Assyrian Christians captured last February by the extremists after they overran Assyrian communities on the southern bank of the Khabur River in northeastern Hassakeh province.
    (AP, 2/22/16)

2016        Feb 23, The Syrian government said it accepted a halt to "combat operations" that does not include the Islamic State group, the al Qaeda-linked Nusra Front, or groups connected to it, in line with a US-Russian plan.
    (Reuters, 2/23/16)
2016        Feb 23, Britain said it had seen disturbing evidence that Syrian Kurds were coordinating with the Syrian government of President Bashar al-Assad and the Russian air force.
    (Reuters, 2/23/16)

2016        Feb 24, The United States and its allies said they have conducted 18 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 2/24/16)

2016        Feb 25, Syrian government troops backed by Russian airstrikes recaptured a town in Aleppo province from Islamic State militants in a key advance just two days ahead of a US and Russia-engineered cease-fire.
    (AP, 2/25/16)

2016        Feb 26, Russian warplanes carried out intense air strikes on rebel strongholds in Syria hours before a ceasefire was due to come into force.
    (AFP, 2/26/16)

2016        Feb 27, Fighting mostly stopped across western and northern Syria and Russia halted its air raids, under a cessation of hostilities which the United Nations called the best hope for peace since civil war began five years ago. The Syrian rebel group Jaish al-Islam said government forces dropped two barrel bombs and opened fire on its positions during several violations of a cessation of hostilities agreement in the Eastern Ghouta near Damascus. At least two people were killed and several wounded when a car bomb exploded at the entrance of Salamiya, Hama province.
    (Reuters, 2/27/16)
2016        Feb 27, Islamic State fighters attacked the town of Tel Abyad controlled by the Syrian Kurdish YPG militia at the Turkish border as well as the nearby town of Suluk. The attack was crushed and dozens of Islamic State fighters were reported killed.
    (Reuters, 2/27/16)

2016        Feb 28, Syria's main opposition grouping said it recorded 15 violations by government troops and allied forces on the first day of a landmark truce.
    (AFP, 2/28/16)
2016        Feb 28, Russian news media reported that the Russian coordination center in Syria has registered nine violations of a cessation of hostilities in the past 24 hours, but that the cessation of hostilities was holding in general.
    (Reuters, 2/28/16)
2016        Feb 28, The United States and its allies conducted 24 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 2/29/16)

2016        Feb 29, A senior official from Syria's main opposition group said that a fragile international attempt to halt nearly five years of fighting was in danger of total collapse because of attacks by government forces. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said the shaky cease-fire is holding "by and large" on its third day despite sporadic fighting and growing accusations of violations.
    (AP, 2/29/16)
2016        Feb 29, Turkish armed forces shelled positions of the Islamic State (IS) group in Syria in coordination with the US-led international anti-jihadist coalition.
    (AFP, 2/29/16)

2016        Feb 29, The US-led coalition conducted 27 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria in its latest round of daily attacks.
    (Reuters, 3/1/16)

2016        Mar 1, Russia called for the Syrian-Turkish border to be closed, saying arms were being hidden in humanitarian aid convoys and channeled to fighters of Islamic State and its allies.
    (Reuters, 3/1/16)
2016        Mar 1, The United States and its allies staged 21 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 3/2/16)

2016        Mar 2, In Syria a Kurdish-led fighting alliance captured a hill overlooking a main road in Aleppo from the militant Nusra Front group and its allies. In southern Syria a car bomb targeted a meeting of commanders of a US-backed moderate rebel group, killing 18, including the faction's top commander.
    (AP, 3/2/16)
2016        Mar 2, The US and its allies in Iraq and Syria staged 29 strikes against Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 3/3/16)

2016        Mar 3, Russia's Defense Ministry said in a statement it had registered 14 ceasefire violations in Syria over the past 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 3/3/16)
2016        Mar 3, The United States and its allies conducted 14 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 3/4/16)

2016        Mar 4, In Syria demonstrators in opposition-held areas of Aleppo, Damascus, Daraa and Homs called for the downfall of President Bashar al-Assad's regime.
    (AFP, 3/4/16)
2016        Mar 4, Major Syrian insurgent group Jaish al-Islam group said the government was mobilizing forces to capture more territory, and a ceasefire was not possible while Damascus and its allies kept up attacks, signaling risks to an agreement that has slowed fighting. Jaish al-Islam denied Russian reports that some of its members had signed ceasefire agreements.
    (Reuters, 3/4/16)
2016        Mar 4, In Syria two air strikes hit the edge of the town of Douma in Eastern Ghouta and one person was killed. The strikes were reportedly conducted by either Syrian or Russian planes. US-backed fighters from the Free Syrian Army's Southern Front killed one IS fighter and wounded several others in the process of taking the Tanaf border crossing late today.
    (AFP, 3/4/16)(AP, 3/5/16)
2016        Mar 4, Russia's Defense Ministry said Turkey is shelling Kurdish units fighting against the Nusra Front in Syria, while columns of trucks with various cargo and weapons for rebels cross into Syria from Turkey daily.
    (Reuters, 3/4/16)
2016        Mar 4, The United States and its allies targeted Islamic State militants in Iraq with 12 strikes and two in Syria. Abu Omar al-Shishani (b.1986), also known as Omar the Chechen and described by the Pentagon as the group's "minister of war", was targeted near the town of al-Shadadi in Syria. Al-Shishani was critically wounded and reportedly died on March 14. The IS confirmed his death on July 13.
    (Reuters, 3/5/16)(AFP, 3/13/16)(SFC, 3/16/16, p.A2)(Reuters, 7/14/16)

2016        Mar 5, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said a total of 135 people were killed in the first week of a fragile truce in Syria in areas covered by the cessation of hostilities agreement.
    (Reuters, 3/5/16)
2016        Mar 5, Russia's Defense Ministry said it had registered nine ceasefire violations in Syria over the past 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 3/5/16)
2016        Mar 5, The United States and its allies conducted 19 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 3/6/16)

2016        Mar 6, The United States and its allies conducted 18 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 3/7/16)

2016        Mar 7, In northern Syria warplanes bombed a fuel depot in an opposition-held town in Idlib province, killing at least 12 people. The al Qaeda-affiliated Nusra Front and Islamist group Jund al-Aqsa and others took the village of al-Ais.
    (AP, 3/7/16)(Reuters, 3/8/16)
2016        Mar 7, An official in YPG, the Syrian Kurdish militia, said that Turkey was firing artillery shells at its fighters in northern Aleppo province.
    (Reuters, 3/7/16)
2016        Mar 7, Russia's Defense Ministry said that eight ceasefire violations had been registered in Syria over the past 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 3/7/16)

2016        Mar 8, Russia's Defense Ministry said it had registered seven ceasefire violations in Syria over the past 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 3/8/16)

2016        Mar 10, It was reported that Abu Hamed, a disillusioned former member of Islamic State, has passed a stolen memory stick of documents identifying 22,000 supporters in over 50 countries to a British journalist, a leak that could help the West target Islamist fighters planning attacks.
    (Reuters, 3/10/16)

2016        Mar 12, The Syrian government ruled out any discussion of presidential elections at peace talks due to start next week.
    (Reuters, 3/12/16)
2016        Mar 12, In western Syria rebels shot down a Syrian government warplane, although there were conflicting accounts on whether it had been brought down by a missile or anti-aircraft guns.
    (Reuters, 3/12/16)
2016        Mar 12, The United States and its allies carried out more than a dozen air strikes on Islamic State forces in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 3/13/16)

2016        Mar 13, In northern Syria Al-Qaeda militants swept through the rebel-held town of Maarat Numan in a display of dominance, arresting US-backed fighters and looting weapons stores belonging to the Free Syrian Army. 7 FSA Division 13 fighters died in the clashes.
    (AP, 3/13/16)

2016        Mar 14, Russia's defense ministry said it had recorded 14 ceasefire violations in Syria in the past 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 3/14/16)
2016        Mar 14, In Switzerland UN mediator Staffan de Mistura opened talks to end a five-year war in Syria. The first of three rounds of talks aimed to agree a "clear roadmap" for Syria fail to make progress. Syria's government submitted an document entitled "Basic Elements for a Political Solution" to the UN mediator in Geneva.
    (Reuters, 3/14/16)

2016        Mar 15, Russian warplanes began leaving Syria as Moscow started to draw down forces that have tipped the war President Bashar al-Assad's way. Russian Deputy Defense Minister Nikolai Pankov said the air force will continue striking targets in Syria linked to Islamic State and other terrorist groups despite a partial withdrawal.
    (Reuters, 3/15/16)
2016        Mar 15, The United States and its allies carried out 11 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 3/16/16)

2016        Mar 16, A powerful Syrian Kurdish political party announced plans to declare a federal region in northern Syria, a model it hopes can be applied to the entire country.
    (AP, 3/16/16)
2016        Mar 16, Denmark's TV2 broadcaster opened an office in the Syrian capital, Damascus, claiming to be the only western media to do so.
    (AP, 3/16/16)
2016        Mar 16, A second group of Russian warplanes flew out of Syria in line with Moscow's decision to withdraw most of its forces.
    (AFP, 3/16/16)

2016        Mar 17, Syria's three Kurdish-controlled autonomous regions voted to approve the establishment of a federal system in the north of the country, defying warnings from Damascus and neighboring Turkey against any such unilateral move.
    (Reuters, 3/17/16)
2016        Mar 17, The United States declared that the Islamic State group's slaughter of Christians, Yazidis and Shiites amounts to a genocide and vowed to halt it.
    (AFP, 3/17/16)
2016        Mar 17, The United States and its allies conducted 20 strikes against Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 3/18/16)

2016        Mar 18, In Syria Russian warplanes flew in support of government troops in an offensive to recapture the historic town of Palmyra from the hands of the Islamic State group. 16 civilians were killed in air strikes on Raqa, the main stronghold of the Islamic State jihadist group.
    (AP, 3/18/16)(AFP, 3/19/16)
2016        Mar 18, The UN World Food Program said some Syrians in the besieged areas of Daraya and Deir al-Zor have been reduced to eating grass because food supplies are cut off.
    (Reuters, 3/18/16)

2016        Mar 19, In northern Syria at least 39 civilians were killed in a series of air strikes on Raqqa as Damascus and Moscow waged attacks on areas controlled by Islamic State. The death toll soon climbed to at least 55.
    (Reuters, 3/19/16)(AFP, 3/19/16)(AP, 3/20/16)

2016        Mar 20, The Russian Defense Ministry recorded five violations of a tentative ceasefire agreement in Syria in the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 3/20/16)
2016        Mar 20, The United States and its allies carried out 11 strikes against Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 3/21/16)

2016        Mar 21, The United States and its allies conducted 15 strikes against Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 3/22/16)

2016        Mar 23, Syrian soldiers and their allies advanced to within 1 km (half a mile) of Palmyra and soldiers speaking from the outskirts of the historic city said they hoped to recapture it from Islamic State fighters within hours.
    (Reuters, 3/23/16)

2016        Mar 24, Syrian troops backed by Russian warplanes advanced into the ancient city of Palmyra, which has been under jihadist control for nearly a year. A Russian special forces officer was killed in the combat operation.
    (AFP, 3/24/16)(Reuters, 3/25/16)

2016        Mar 25, Syrian government forces recaptured a Mamluk-era citadel in Palmyra from the extremist Islamic State group, as the fierce battle for control of the historic town entered its third day.
    (AP, 3/25/16)
2016        Mar 25, News reports said that Abd ar-Rahman Mustafa al-Qaduli (aka Haji Imam), the Islamic State group's second in command, was killed earlier this month. US Defense Secretary Ash Carter said US forces killed Haji Imam, a senior Islamic State leader described as the group's finance minister, among several key members of the militant group eliminated this week.
    (AFP, 3/25/16)(AP, 3/25/16)
2016        Mar 25, The United States and its allies targeted Islamic State militants in Iraq with 22 strikes and four in Syria.
    (Reuters, 3/26/16)

2016        Mar 27, Syrian troops recaptured the ancient city of Palmyra from the Islamic State group and pledged to build on the win with an advance against other jihadist strongholds.
    (AFP, 3/27/16)

2016        Mar 28, Syrian government forces backed by Russian air strikes battled Islamic State insurgents around Palmyra, trying to extend their gains after taking back control of a city whose ancient temples were dynamited by the ultra-radical militants.
    (Reuters, 3/28/16)
2016        Mar 28, The presidents of Russia and Iran agreed to step up bilateral contacts, including over the Syrian conflict, in which both countries are allies of President Bashar al-Assad.
    (Reuters, 3/28/16)

2016        Mar 30, Syria’s President Bashar al-Assad said that any transitional government should include both the regime and opposition, as UN chief Ban Ki-moon urged greater efforts to tackle the country's refugee crisis.
    (AFP, 3/30/16)
2016        Mar 30, In Syria airstrikes hit near a school and a hospital east of Damascus killing at least 23 people. A drone strike, likely by the coalition, killed Abu al-Haija, a Tunisian commander summoned by IS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi from Iraq.
    (AP, 3/31/16)(AP, 4/3/16)

2016        Mar 31, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad told Russia's RIA news agency that the army of Turkish Pres. Erdogan is fighting in Syria. RIA also reported that Assad said he was ready to hold early presidential elections if the Syrian people wanted it.
    (Reuters, 3/31/16)
2016        Mar 31, Syria, airstrikes in the Deir al-Asafir district southeast of Damascus killed 33 people, mostly women and children.
    (Reuters, 4/1/16)
2016        Mar 31, The United States and its allies staged 17 strikes against Islamic State in their latest round of daily attacks in Iraq and Syria against the militant group.
    (Reuters, 4/1/16)

2016        Mar, Abu Hayjaa Al-Tunsi, a "Tunisian jihadi" and a senior commander with the Daesh group was targeted by a drone missile when driving through northern Syria in order to lead terrorists in the fighting there. His death led to Daesh executing dozens of its own terrorist in search of informants.
    (http://en.alalam.ir/news/1825651)(SFC, 6/6/16, p.A4)

2016        Apr 1, Syrian state news said troops have identified 45 bodies so far in a mass grave found in the city of Palmyra after it was recaptured from Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 4/2/16)
2016        Apr 1, The Syrian government released freelance photographer Patrick Dawes (33), who was captured in 2012.
    (SFC, 4/9/16, p.A2)

2016        Apr 2, Syria's partial cease-fire was unravelling, as fierce fighting between government forces and opposition fighters, including members of the al-Qaida affiliated Nusra Front, erupted outside the country's second largest city of Aleppo. At least 25 pro-government fighters died in clashes south of Aleppo, where the Nusra Front and rebel militias captured a hill overlooking a major highway.
    (AP, 4/2/16)

2016        Apr 3, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the Islamic State has killed 15 of its members in the largest execution of the militant group's security services so far in Syria. The killings followed the arrest a day earlier of 35 members in Raqqa. The members were killed in connection with the assassination of senior Islamic State figure Abu Hija al-Tunisi, who died in an air strike on  March 30.
    (Reuters, 4/3/16)
2016        Apr 3, In Syria several Al-Qaeda-linked Al-Nusra Front members including its spokesman were killed in US-led coalition air strikes. Abu Firas al-Suri (aka Radwan Nammous), his son and at least 20 jihadists of Al-Nusra and Jund al-Aqsa and other fighters from Uzbekistan were killed in strikes on positions in Idlib province.
    (AFP, 4/4/16)(Reuters, 4/6/16)
2016        Apr 3, The United States and its allies conducted two dozen strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 4/4/16)

2016        Apr 4, Syrian troops and allied militiamen pressed on with an offensive against Islamic State militants in central Syria, clashing with the extremists around the town of Qaryatain a day after it was captured by pro-government forces.
    (AP, 4/4/16)
2016        Apr 4, Syria’s state news agency SANA said the Islamic State group has mounted a deadly gas attack against Syrian troops at a besieged eastern airbase, the latest report of the jihadists' use of chemical weapons.
    (AFP, 4/5/16)
2016        Apr 4, An Iranian military official said Iran has sent commandos to Syria as advisers, suggesting it is using its army as well as paramilitary forces to help President Bashar al-Assad's forces in the country's civil war.
    (Reuters, 4/4/16)
2016        Apr 4, The United States and its allies conducted 25 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, focusing on rebel forces near towns that guard the approach to the key Iraqi city of Mosul.
    (Reuters, 4/5/16)

2016        Apr 5, Syrian insurgents shot down a government warplane in the north of the country and shelled a predominantly Kurdish neighborhood in the city of Aleppo. A pregnant woman and three children were among 18 civilians killed when Syrian rebels shelled a Kurdish neighborhood in Aleppo.
    (AP, 4/5/16)(AFP, 4/6/16)
2016        Apr 5, In Syria Rifai Ahmad Taha, a senior Egyptian al-Qaida figure, was killed along with several others in a US drone strike. Before joining al-Qaida, Taha was a top figure in Egypt's notorious militant group Gamaa Islamiya, which massacred 58 foreign tourists in the ancient Egyptian city of Luxor in 1997.
    (AP, 4/8/16)
2016        Apr 5, The United States and its allies conducted 23 strikes against Islamic State in Syria and Iraq.
    (Reuters, 4/6/16)

2016        Apr 6, The Syrian army and its allies launched a major attack on insurgents south of Aleppo, described as the fiercest government assault in the area since an agreement to ease the fighting came into effect in February. Islamic State fighters launched attacks on government-held areas near Damascus overnight.
    (Reuters, 4/6/16)
2016        Apr 6, It was reported that the Panama Papers revealed that Syria’s regime has avoided int’l. sanctions and funded its war effort through three shadowy companies in the Seychelles.
    (SSFC, 4/10/16, p.A7)
2016        Apr 6, The United States and its allies conducted 27 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 4/7/16)

2016        Apr 7, Syrian state television reported that Islamic State fighters have kidnapped 300 cement workers in an area northeast of Damascus where the militants launched an assault against government forces this week.
    (Reuters, 4/7/16)
2016        Apr 7, The United States and its allies conducted 26 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 4/8/16)

2016        Apr 9, A Syrian opposition monitoring group said the Islamic State group has released most of the 300 cement workers it abducted near Damascus after questioning them to find out who were Muslims and killing 4 who were members of the minority Druze sect. The fate of 30 people who were guards at the factory was unknown.
    (AP, 4/9/16)
2016        Apr 9, The US Air Force deployed B-52 bombers to Qatar to join the fight against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, the first time they have been based in the Middle East since the end of the Gulf War in 1991.
    (Reuters, 4/9/16)

2016        Apr 10, Syrian government forces and rebels clashed across the country's north in the latest indication that a monthlong cease-fire may be breaking down, as the Islamic State group seized two villages along the Turkish border from other insurgents. Clashes around Aleppo killed at least 16 pro-regime fighters and 19 members of Al-Qaeda's affiliate and allied rebel groups over the last 24-hours.
    (AP, 4/10/16)(AFP, 4/10/16)

2016        Apr 11, In Syria Islamic State fighters retook the northern town of al-Rai along the border with Turkey from rebels and government forces and rebels clashed across northern and western Syria.
    (AP, 4/11/16)
2016        Apr 11, Iran’s Tasnim news agency reported that 4 soldiers in its regular army were killed in Syria, the, only a week after Tehran announced the deployment of army commandos to help President Bashar al-Assad in the civil war there.
    (Reuters, 4/11/16)
2016        Apr 11, The United States and its allies stages 13 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 4/12/16)

2016        Apr 12, Syrian troops and their allies launched an offensive to retake an important hilltop village south of the city of Aleppo from militants, including al-Qaida's local affiliate, as President Bashar Assad's government prepared for parliamentary elections the following day.
    (AP, 4/12/16)
2016        Apr 12, The Turkish army hit Islamic State targets in northern Syria, in response to cross-border rocket fire that struck a border town in southeastern Turkey for the second day in a row.
    (Reuters, 4/12/16)
2016        Apr 12, Syrian journalist Mohammed Zahir al-Sherqat died from wounds after being shot April 10 in the Turkish city of Gaziantep. The shooting attack was claimed by the Islamic State.
    (SFC, 4/13/16, p.A2)

2016        Apr 13, Syrians in government-controlled areas cast ballots for a new 250-member parliament. Western leaders and members of Syria's opposition have denounced the vote as a sham and a provocation that undermines the Geneva peace talks. Syria's ruling Baath party and its allies won a majority of seats in parliamentary elections across government-held parts of the country.
    (AP, 4/13/16)(AFP, 4/17/16)
2016        Apr 13, Turkey's armed forces launched new artillery strikes on jihadist positions in Syria, after three days of deadly fire on a Turkish border town that has left residents on edge.
    (AFP, 4/13/16)
2016        Apr 13, The U.S.-led coalition staged 21 strikes against the Islamic State militant group, according to the coalition leading the operations in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 4/14/16)

2016        Apr 14, Syria's army backed by Russian warplanes launched an assault north of Aleppo, threatening to block a vital rebel route into the city in fighting that has cast new clouds over Geneva peace talks.
    (Reuters, 4/14/16)

2016        Apr 15, In Syria fierce fighting raged around Aleppo as a surge in violence forced tens of thousands more to flee their homes, overshadowing the latest round of peace talks in Geneva. Syrian government air strikes hit rebel-held areas north of Homs for a second day, forcing authorities to cancel Friday prayers for the first time in six months.
    (AFP, 4/15/16)(Reuters, 4/15/16)

2016        Apr 16, In northern Syria the Islamic State group captured more than a dozen villages and hills during a fresh offensive. IS also clashed with rival insurgent groups near the border with Turkey where they have been on the offensive for days, forcing tens of thousands of residents to flee toward safer areas near Turkey. 22 civilians were killed in an exchange of fire in Aleppo.
    (AP, 4/16/16)(AFP, 4/17/16)

2016        Apr 17, The United States and its allies conducted 26 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 4/17/16)

2016        Apr 18, Syrian rebel groups announced a new battle against government forces, a sign of escalating violence that has undermined a ceasefire deal and threatens to derail UN-led peace talks.
    (Reuters, 4/18/16)
2016        Apr 18, In Turkey rocket projectiles fired from Syria killed 4 Syrians, three of them children, in the Turkish border town of Kilis.
    (AP, 4/18/16)

2016        Apr 19, In Syria bombing by government forces killed 50 people in two towns of Idlib province.
    (Econ, 4/23/16, p.40)

2016        Apr 20, In north-eastern Syria 2 members of the Syrian Kurdish security force, known as the Asayish, were killed after being targeted by government forces in Qamishli.
    (Reuters, 4/20/16)

2016        Apr 21, In Syria at least 40 pro-Syrian government fighters surrendered to Kurdish forces in the city of Qamishli in mostly Kurdish-controlled Hasaka province.
    (Reuters, 4/21/16)

2016        Apr 22, In Syria at least 18 people were killed when airstrikes hit several rebel-held neighborhoods in Aleppo and neighboring Idlib province. Islamic State fighters captured Syrian pilot Azzam Eid after he fell by parachute near the site where his plane crashed east of Damascus.
    (AP, 4/22/16)(AFP, 4/22/16)(Reuters, 4/22/16)
2016        Apr 22, In northeastern Syria regional Kurdish security forces and pro-Syrian government forces declared a ceasefire, calming a three-day outbreak of violence which killed more than 26 people.
    (Reuters, 4/23/16)
2016        Apr 22, The US military acknowledged that its air strikes killed 20 civilians in Iraq and Syria between Sep 10, 2015, and Feb 2, 2016. Six of the strikes were in Iraq and three were in Syria.
    (SFC, 4/23/16, p.A2)

2016        Apr 23, Syrian government strikes hit opposition-held areas near Damascus and in Aleppo. At least 27 civilian deaths were reported in regime bombardment across the country.
    (AP, 4/23/16)(AFP, 4/24/16)
2016        Apr 23, The United States and its allies conducted 28 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 4/24/16)

2016        Apr 24, In Syria regime and rebel bombardment killed 26 civilians in Aleppo despite an increasingly troubled ceasefire.
    (AFP, 4/24/16)
2016        Apr 24, In northeastern Syria, a truce document announced today showed that regional Kurdish security forces will keep territory taken from pro-Syrian government forces during a three-day outbreak of violence, with both sides to release prisoners taken during the clashes.
    (Reuters, 4/24/16)
2016        Apr 24, The United States and its allies conducted 14 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 4/25/16)

2016        Apr 25, In Syria a car bomb on the outskirts of the Sayeda Zeinab district south of Damascus killed at least 6 people, the third bombing attack in the area this year.
    (Reuters, 4/25/16)
2016        Apr 25, Turkey's military said it has destroyed Islamic State's missile launcher in Syria some 20 km from the border town of Kilis which has been repeatedly his by rockets from the border.
    (Reuters, 4/25/16)
2016        Apr 25, President Barack Obama announced the deployment of up to 250 US military personnel to Syria, mostly special operations forces, to assist local troops trying to dislodge Islamic State extremists. He called the move essential to keeping up momentum against the group.
    (AP, 4/25/16)
2016        Apr 25, The United States and its allies targeted Islamic State with 25 strikes in their latest assault against the militant group in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 4/26/16)

2016        Apr 26, In Syria attacks by government forces and rebels killed at least 30 people, including 8 children, in the last 24 hours in Aleppo. 5 Civil Defense workers were killed west of Aleppo by air strikes and a rocket attack on their center.
    (Reuters, 4/26/16)

2016        Apr 27, The US-led military coalition targeted Islamic State in Iraq and Syria with 22 strikes.
    (Reuters, 4/28/16)

2016        Apr 28, In Syria rebel rocket and artillery fire on government-held neighborhoods of Aleppo killed 18 civilians. Regime air strikes on rebel-held districts, including the densely populated Bustan al-Qasr neighborhood, killed 31 civilians as the Syrian army prepared an offensive to retake the city. Monitors and activists say at least 60 people have been killed in airstrikes on Aleppo in the last 24 hours, including at least 27 who were killed when an MSF-supported hospital and nearby buildings were hit.
    (AFP, 4/28/16)(AP, 4/28/16)(SFC, 4/30/16, p.A3)

2016        Apr 29, Syria called local truces near Damascus and in a northern province but no halt to combat on the main battlefield in Aleppo. Crude barrel bombs crashed into residential neighborhoods of Aleppo. At least 17 people were killed in regime bombardment of the city's eastern districts. Rebel groups fired a barrage of rockets on government-controlled western neighborhoods. At least 15 people were killed when rockets struck the Malla Khan mosque in the government held Bab al-Faraj district.
    (Reuters, 4/29/16)(AFP, 4/29/16)(SFC, 4/30/16, p.A3)
2016        Apr 29, The United States and Russia agreed on a "freeze" in fighting along two major fronts in Syria, but not in war-ravaged Aleppo as of midnight.
    (AP, 4/29/16)

2016        Apr 30, In Syria terrified residents fled a new wave of air strikes on rebel-held areas of Aleppo, as a "freeze" in fighting held on two other fronts.
    (AFP, 4/30/16)
2016        Apr 30, In Syria a suicide bomber killed five Kurdish policemen at a checkpoint in the divided northeastern city of Qamishli.
    (AFP, 4/30/16)

2016        May 1, The United States and its allies conducted 25 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 5/2/16)

2016        May 2, Syria's military extended a unilateral cease-fire around Damascus and opposition strongholds in the eastern suburbs of the capital for another 48 hours, as a humanitarian convoy delivered aid to 12,000 families trapped in a government-besieged area in central Syria.
    (AP, 5/2/16)
2016        May 2, The United States and its allies targeted Islamic State on Monday with 29 strikes against the militants in Syrian and Iraq, including the northern city of Mosul under militant control.
    (Reuters, 5/3/16)

2016        May 3, In Syria heavy air strikes throughout the night on the Islamic State group's de facto capital Raqa killed 19 civilians and 10 jihadists. Syrian opposition fighters shelled government-held parts of Aleppo. Battles in the city killed at least 20 people.
    (AFP, 5/3/16)    (AP, 5/3/16)(SFC, 5/4/16, p.A3)

2016        May 4, In Syria at least 22 suspected regime air strikes pounded a key rebel bastion east of Damascus after a local freeze on fighting expired overnight. Rebel forces pressed an offensive against regime troops on the western outskirts of Aleppo.
    (AFP, 5/4/16)
2016        May 4, A truce was announced for Aleppo, Syria, by US officials in agreement with Russia, in an effort to extend a fragile cease-fire to the deeply contested city. The Syrian military said the truce would last only 48 hours.
    (AP, 5/5/16)
2016        May 4, Russia said it has withdrawn around 30 aircraft from Syria, including all of its Su-25 attack planes stationed in the country.
    (Reuters, 5/4/16)
2016        May 4, The United States and its allies conducted 18 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 5/5/16)

2016        May 5, In Syria a car bomb exploded in the main square of a village in Homs province. As people gathered to help the victims, a suicide bomber riding a motorcycle detonated his explosives belt nearby, killing at least 10 people and wounding scores. Air strikes near Sarmada on a camp near the Turkish border killed at least 28 people.
    (AP, 5/5/16)(Reuters, 5/6/16)
2016        May 5, In eastern Syria Islamic State militants captured the main Shaer gas field in the first gain for the ultra hardline jihadists in the Palmyra desert area since they lost the ancient city in March.
    (Reuters, 5/5/16)
2016        May 5, Jordanian border guards said around 64,000 Syrians are stranded at the border with Jordan after intensified violence around Aleppo.
    (AFP, 5/5/16)
2016        May 5, The United States and its allies conducted 24 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 5/6/16)

2016        May 6, In Syria rebels seized a village from government forces near Aleppo overnight. 43 rebels and 30 government forces were reported killed in the battle for Khan Touman, some 15 km (9 miles) southwest of Aleppo. 13 military advisers with the Iranian Revolutionary Guards were killed as rebels seized the village of Khan Touman. 18 others wounded and five to six were captured.
    (Reuters, 5/6/16)(AFP, 5/7/16)(Reuters, 5/9/16)
2016        May 6, The US government said it has suspended millions of dollars in funding to several organizations providing aid for Syria after discovering they were systematically overpaying Turkish companies for basic goods with the collusion of some of their staff.
    (AFP, 5/10/16)

2016        May 7, Syrian state news agency SANA reported that Russia's defense ministry said a "regime of calm" truce in the northern city of Aleppo and parts of Latakia province had been extended "for 72 hours beginning at 1 am on Saturday" (1700 ET on Friday).
    (Reuters, 5/7/16)
2016        May 7, Turkish artillery fired at the Islamic State group across the border in Syria, killing 55 militants and destroying three rocket launchers and three vehicles.
    (AP, 5/8/16)
2016        May 7, The United States and its allies targeted Islamic State in Iraq with 17 air strikes, and hit the militant group with eight air strikes in Syria.
    (Reuters, 5/8/16)

2016        May 8, Syrian warplanes attacked Islamist militants near Aleppo.
    (Reuters, 5/8/16)

2016        May 9, In Syria multiple air raids struck rebel-held areas while shelling hit government-controlled parts of Aleppo, hours before a five-day cease-fire was to expire.
    (AP, 5/9/16)

2016        May 10, In Syria two airstrikes struck the northwestern town of Binnish, killing at least 10 people, wounding many others and knocking out the dome of a mosque. The LCC said the warplanes were Syrian while the Observatory said it wasn't clear if they were Syrian or Russian.
    (AP, 5/10/16)

2016        May 11, Syrian regime forces battled jihadists who cut a key supply route west of ancient Palmyra, after new bombardments hit Aleppo city where a ceasefire is due to expire at midnight.
    (AFP, 5/11/16)

2016        May 12, Syrian government forces battled rebels north of Aleppo as a ceasefire expired in the city itself. Insurgents captured the Alawite village of al-Zara from government control in western Syria and abducted civilians living there.   
    (Reuters, 5/12/16)
2016        May 12, In Syria Lebanon’s top Hezbollah commander Mustafa Badreddine (55) was killed in an explosion in Damascus.
    (AP, 5/13/16)

2016        May 13, Suspected Syrian government airstrikes in the northern city of Idlib killed at least 5 people.
    (AP, 5/13/16)
2016        May 13, Belgium said it will extend its F-16 air strikes against Islamic State jihadists in Iraq into Syria, as it grapples with the aftermath of deadly IS-claimed bomb attacks in Brussels in March.
    (AFP, 5/13/16)
2016        May 13, Turkish fighter jets carried out nine airstrikes against Kurdish rebels in the southeast of the country and northern Iraq. The warplanes reportedly destroyed 98 targets of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party.
    (AP, 5/14/16)
2016        May 13, The United States and its allies targeted Islamic State militants in Iraq with 17 strikes and five in Syria.
    (Reuters, 5/14/16)

2016        May 14, In Syria the Islamic State attacked a hospital in Deir al-Zor and seized territory on the edge of the besieged city still partly controlled by the government. The fighting killed at least 20 members of the Syrian government forces and at least six Islamic State fighters.
    (Reuters, 5/14/16)
2016        May 14, Turkey’s state-run Anadolu Agency reported that Turkish military and US-led coalition forces killed 45 Islamic State militants in shelling and an air strike north of the Syrian city of Aleppo.
    (Reuters, 5/14/16)

2016        May 15, Turkish and US-led coalition forces struck Islamic State targets north of the Syrian city of Aleppo, killing 27 fighters. The United States and its allies conducted 14 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 5/16/16)

2016        May 16, The United States and its allies conducted 12 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 5/17/16)

2016        May 17, World and regional powers meeting in Vienna agreed to try and turn Syria's shaky pause in fighting into a comprehensive cease-fire as a step toward ending the five-year war that left hundreds of thousands dead and fueled the rise of Islamic extremists.
    (AP, 5/17/16)

2016        May 18, In central Syria a regime air strike killed at least 13 members of the same family, including eight children in Rastan.
    (AFP, 5/18/16)
2016        May 18, The United States and its allies staged 17 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 5/19/16)

2016        May 19, Syrian government forces and allied militias made a swift advance into Damascus's rebel-held suburbs, threatening to disrupt a years-long stalemate in the war around the Syrian capital.
    (AP, 5/19/16)
2016        May 19, The United States and its allies conducted 17 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 5/20/16)

2016        May 20, Moscow proposed that Russia and United States, which have been flying separate bombing campaigns in Syria, launch joint air strikes against jihadists in the war-torn country from next week.
    (AFP, 5/20/16)

2016        May 21, In northeastern Syria bombings suspected to have been carried out by the Islamic State group killed at least 8 people hours after a top US commander visited.
    (AFP, 5/22/16)

2016        May 22, In Syria Russian warplanes hit a key rebel supply route to Aleppo in Moscow's first strikes on Syria's battleground second city since a February ceasefire.
    (AFP, 5/22/16)

2016        May 23, In Syria bomb blasts killed scores of people in Jableh and Tartous and wounded many others in the government-controlled territory that hosts Russian military bases. 161 people were killed in attacks by at least five suicide bombers and two devices planted in cars. The Islamic State claimed responsibility for the attacks. Those killed included 43 people at the Jableh National Hospital.
    (Reuters, 5/23/16)(AP, 5/24/16)

2016        May 24, The Syrian Democratic Forces, a Kurdish-Arab alliance, announced the launch of a major assault against the Islamic State group north of the jihadists' Syrian bastion of Raqa.
    (AFP, 5/24/16)
2016        May 24, The United States and its allies staged 17 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 5/25/16)

2016        May 26, US-backed Syrian fighters (SDF) and Iraqi forces pursued twin assaults against the Islamic State group, but experts warned the battles will be drawn out.
    (AFP, 5/26/16)

2016        May 27, In Syria at least 100,000 people were trapped along the border with Turkey after the Islamic State group swept through rebel territory in Aleppo province. IS fighters captured territory from Syrian rebels near the border and inched closer to a town on a supply route for foreign-backed insurgents fighting the jihadists.
    (AFP, 5/27/16)(Reuters, 5/27/16)
2016        May 27, Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said warplanes from the US-led coalition have pounded the Islamic State group with at least 150 strikes to bolster a major offensive on the jihadists' Syrian stronghold of Raqa. Coalition warplanes dropped leaflets encouraging residents to flee Raqa.
    (AFP, 5/27/16)
2016        May 27, US-led coalition airstrikes and Turkish artillery fire against the Islamic State group in Syria killed 104 militants.
    (AP, 5/28/16)

2016        May 28, In northeastern Syria heavy fighting between the Islamic State group and rebels gripped the town of Marea.
    (AFP, 5/28/16)

2016        May 29, Syrian rebels retook the villages of Kafr Shoush and Braghida from Islamic State militants, expanding their buffer around the rebel-held town of Azaz. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said thousands of civilians have fled an offensive by the IS group against non-jihadist rebels in the north into territory controlled by a US-backed Kurdish-led alliance.
    (AP, 5/29/16)(AFP, 5/29/16)

2016        May 31, In Syria a wave of overnight airstrikes pummeled the northwestern city of Idlib, killing at least 23 people, wounding dozens and trapping several under the rubble of their homes. Russia denied the strikes.
    (AP, 5/31/16)
2016        May 31, In Syria thousands of US-backed fighters opened a major new front, launching an offensive to drive Islamic State out of a swathe of northern Syria it uses as a logistics base, and were reported to be making rapid progress.
    (Reuters, 6/1/16)

2016        Jun 1, In Syria Kurdish-led Syrian fighters launched a new advance on Manbij. The US-led international coalition fighting the Islamic State group said it had conducted 18 air strikes near the strategic town of Manbij in northern Syria over the last 24 hours with at least 15 civilians killed. The strikes destroyed an IS headquarters, six IS-used bridges, communication towers, and eight IS fighting positions, among other targets. The Kurdish militia also launched an offensive to capture the IS-held Tabqa air base.
    (AFP, 6/1/16)(SFC, 6/2/16, p.A2)
2016        Jun 1, The Russian Defense Ministry said that a temporary ceasefire, which it called a "regime of calm", had taken effect for 48 hours in the Damascus suburb of Daraya to allow for the distribution of humanitarian aid to civilians.
    (Reuters, 6/1/16)

2016        Jun 2, Jordan's border guards killed two suspected infiltrators trying to enter the kingdom from Syria.
    (AP, 6/3/16)

2016        Jun 3, Syrian regime air strikes killed dozens of civilians in Aleppo and nearby areas as the UN Security Council prepared to discuss emergency aid drops to besieged areas. Heavy Russian air strikes hit Islamic State-held territory in eastern areas of Syria's Hama province, near the boundary of Raqqa province.
    (AFP, 6/3/16)(Reuters, 6/3/16)

2016        Jun 4, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the Syrian army has crossed the boundary of Raqqa province, home to the de facto capital of Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 6/4/16)
2016        Jun 4, Russian news agencies reported that more than 40 people have been killed and around a hundred injured by Al Nusra militants shelling in the Syrian city of Aleppo.
    (Reuters, 6/4/16)
2016        Jun 4, Turkey’s military said cross-border shelling by the Turkish army and air strikes by US-led coalition aircraft have killed 14 Islamic State militants in Syria.
    (AP, 6/4/16)
2016        Jun 4, The United States and its allies conducted a total of 23 military strikes against Islamic State in Syria and Iraq.
    (Reuters, 6/5/16)
2016        Jun 4, Top US Navy Adm. John Richardson said the aircraft carrier USS Harry S. Truman has begun launching airstrikes against the Islamic State group from the Mediterranean Sea.
    (AP, 6/4/16)

2016        Jun 5, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said dozens of Syrian regime strikes on Aleppo killed at least 16 civilians. Nearly 40 strikes hit rebel-held areas in and around Aleppo city in some of the heaviest recent raids by Russian and Syrian government war-planes.
    (AFP, 6/5/16)(Reuters, 6/5/16)
2016        Jun 5, A top Syrian Kurdish commander died. Abu Layla, who commanded a brigade inside the predominantly-Kurdish Syrian Democratic Forces, was hit by IS sniper fire on the outskirts of Manbij, several days earlier during a US-backed campaign to unseat the Islamic State group from its de-facto Syrian capital, Raqqa.
    (AP, 6/5/16)

2016        Jun 6, Syrian regime troops supported by Russia and US-backed fighters pressed twin offensives against the Islamic State group as pressure built on the jihadists' northern strongholds in the war-torn country. 17 civilians, including 8 children, were killed in air strikes on Al-Shaara, an IS-held town in eastern Deir Ezzor province.
    (AFP, 6/6/16)
2016        Jun 6, In Syria Hadiyeh al-Abbas (58), a woman who is a member of President Bashar Assad's Baath party, was chosen as the new parliament speaker, becoming the first woman to ever hold the post.
    (AP, 6/6/16)
2016        Jun 6, Turkey’s state-run Anadolu news agency reported that shelling by Turkey's military and attacks by US-led coalition aircraft have killed 7 Islamic State militants in Syria.
    (Reuters, 6/6/16)

2016        Jun 7, In northern Syria  thousands of civilians fled Mambij, a key town along the Islamic State group's supply lifeline, as US-backed fighters closed in from three sides. Syrian government troops backed by Russian air power moved to within 25 km of Tabqa, an Islamic State-held town in Raqqa province.
    (AFP, 6/7/16)(Reuters, 6/7/16)

2016        Jun 8, In Syria airstrikes on rebel-held districts of Aleppo, including one that struck near a hospital, killed 15 civilians and wounded many others. Rebels backed by Islamist groups launched simultaneous attacks from both Marea and Azaz, squeezing IS jihadists out of the villages of Kafr Kalbin and Kaljibrin and reopening the road.
    (AP, 6/8/16)(AFP, 6/8/16)
2016        Jun 8, In Syria US-led coalition airstrikes and Turkish artillery fire against Islamic State group targets reportedly killed 18 militants.
    (AP, 6/9/16)
2016        Jun 8, RIA news agency, citing the Russian coordination center in Syria, reported that Russia's Defense Ministry has spotted the movement of over 160 Nusra Front fighters from Turkey into Syria to reinforce "terrorists" around the city of Aleppo.
    (Reuters, 6/8/16)

2016        Jun 9, In northern Syria US-backed fighters closed all major roads leading to Manbij, a stronghold of the Islamic State group, and surrounded it from three sides.
    (AP, 6/9/16)
2016        Jun 9, In France Rifaat al-Assad (78), Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's uncle, was charged with corruption. He was suspected of using ill-gotten gains to build a real estate empire in France. He had commanded Syria's notorious internal security forces in the 1970s and early 1980s.
    (AFP, 6/28/16)

2016        Jun 10, Syria's regime bombarded Daraya, a rebel-held town outside Damascus, preventing besieged residents from receiving food aid after its first such delivery in years. US-backed forces seized control of the last route into the IS-held city of Manbij, completing their encirclement of the main target in a major advance against the militants.
    (AFP, 6/10/16)(Reuters, 6/10/16)

2016        Jun 11, In Syria suicide and car bomb blasts struck the Damascus suburb of Sayyidah Zaynab near the Sayeda Zeinab shrine, the country’s holiest Shi'ite Muslim shrine. At least 20 people were reported killed. The Islamic State claimed responsibility. Sayyidah Zeinab was the daughter of the first Shiite imam, Ali, and granddaughter of the Prophet Muhammad.
    (Reuters, 6/11/16)(SSFC, 6/12/16, p.A5)
2016        Jun 11, In northern Syria  a siege by US-backed Kurdish and Arab forces of the key jihadist-held city of Manbij left tens of thousands of civilians trapped. At least 159 IS fighters and 22 SDF troops were reported killed as well as 37 civilians, most of the last group in coalition air raids, since the alliance launched its Manbij offensive on May 31.
    (AFP, 6/11/16)

2016        Jun 12, In Syria at least 12 people were killed when several airstrikes struck the insurgent-held city of Idlib. Hundreds of civilians escaped the besieged jihadist bastion of Manbij helped by a US-backed Kurdish-Arab alliance surrounding the town.
    (AP, 6/12/16)(AFP, 6/12/16)

2016        Jun 15, In Syria at least 70 fighters were reported killed in less than 24 hours of fierce clashes between pro-regime forces, jihadists and rebels in Aleppo province.
    (AFP, 6/15/16)

2016        Jun 16, The Russian Defense Ministry said a 48-hour cessation of hostilities has been declared in the divided northern Syrian city of Aleppo and activists reported a relative calm in the city. Barrels bombs hit Aleppo just hours after a temporary truce came into effect in the war-torn city. Russian warplanes struck at rebels battling Islamic State militants, including forces backed by the United States, in southern Syria.
    (AP, 6/16/16)(AFP, 6/16/16)(Reuters, 6/17/16)
2016        Jun 16, United Nations investigators said the Islamic State is committing genocide against the Yazidis in Syria and Iraq to destroy the religious community of 400,000 people through killings, sexual slavery and other crimes.
    (Reuters, 6/16/16)

2016        Jun 17, In Syria the Islamic State carried out two suicide attacks and five car bombings in the southwestern suburbs of Manbij. 6 members of the same family were killed when they were targeted by jihadists while fleeing.
    (AFP, 6/18/16)
2016        Jun 17, It was reported that 51 US State Department diplomats have signed an internal memo critical of US policy in Syria, calling for military strikes against President Bashar al-Assad's government to stop its persistent violations of a civil war ceasefire.
    (Reuters, 6/17/16)

2016        Jun 18, In Syria at least 7 people died in rebel shelling of a neighborhood of Aleppo held by the Kurdish YPG militia. Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said a four-day offensive by different militant groups, including the al-Qaida-affiliated Nusra Front, killed 86 troops and pro-government gunmen, including 25 members of Lebanon's Hezbollah group. Militants now controlled the villages of Zeitan and Khalsa, south of Aleppo city.
    (Reuters, 6/18/16)(AP, 6/18/16)
2016        Jun 18, In Syria US-led coalition jets and Turkish artillery killed 13 Islamic State militants.
    (Reuters, 6/18/16)
2016        Jun 18, At least 8 Syrian refugees, including four children were allegedly shot dead by border guards while trying to cross the frontier into Turkey’s Hatay province.
    (AP, 6/19/16)

2016        Jun 19, Syrian media reported that a government jet bomber crashed just after take-off from Hama airport after it encountered a technical problem.
    (Reuters, 6/19/16)
2016        Jun 19, In Syria a suicide blast targeted the entrance to a park in Qamishli, which is shared between government and Kurdish forces, killing three people, an hour after a memorial was held there for victims of the 1915 Armenian genocide.
    (AP, 6/19/16)
2016        Jun 19, Russia said it had reached an agreement with the United States to improve coordination between their military operations in Syria, where they are backing opposing sides of a civil war and launching air strikes.
    (Reuters, 6/19/16)

2016        Jun 21, Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said government forces have lost all the territory they gained in Raqqa province since launching their offensive on June 2. It also said 40 troops were killed over the past two days, raising to 93 the number of troops killed since the offensive began. It added that 126 IS militants have been killed in the area so far, including 21 since June 19.
    (AP, 6/21/16)
2016        Jun 21, A car bomb exploded on the Syrian-Jordanian border early today, killing 6 Jordanian border guards. The blast went off close to a makeshift tent encampment where tens of thousands of Syrian refugees are stranded, awaiting entry to Jordan. Sonn after Jordan's army chief of staff announced that the country's northern and northeastern borders with Syria were closed military zones.
    (AP, 6/21/16)(Reuters, 6/21/16)
2016        Jun 21, A rescue plane from a British base on the Antarctic peninsula landed at the South Pole to evacuate sick workers from the remote US Amundson-Scott science station. The two sick workers were transported to Chile.
    (AP, 6/22/16)(SFC, 6/23/16, p.A3)

2016        Jun 22, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad named electricity minister Imad Khamis (54) as the new prime minister and tasked him with forming a cabinet.
    (AFP, 6/22/16)

2016        Jun 23, In Syria US-backed forces fought Islamic State militants inside Manbij for the first time since they laid siege to the militant stronghold near the Turkish border.
    (Reuters, 6/23/16)

2016        Jun 25, Syrian and Russian warplanes pounded rebel-held areas of divided city Aleppo as government forces closed in on the rebels' sole remaining supply line.
    (AfP, 6/25/16)
2016        Jun 25, A Kurdish official and opposition activists said hundreds of Kurds fleeing villages controlled by the Islamic State group in northern Syria have come under fire that killed and wounded several of them, amid mass abductions by the extremist group. Over the past three weeks some 900 Kurdish civilians have been abducted in Aleppo province. At least 26 were reported killed for refusing to follow Islamic State orders.
    (AP, 6/25/16)(SFC, 6/25/16, p.A2)

2016        Jun 26, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 82 people including 58 civilians were killed in Russian and regime air strikes on an Islamic State group-held region of Al-Quriyah, southeast of Deir Ezzor city.
    (AFP, 6/26/16)

2016        Jun 28, In Syria the US-led coalition carried out eight air strikes near Albu Kamal and five near Al-Qaim, on the Iraqi side. The New Syrian Army (NSA) advanced overnight on IS territory near the Albu Kamal border crossing and adjacent town, but IS recaptured it by the following afternoon.
    (AFP, 6/29/16)
2016        Jun 28, A Turkish official said military rules of engagement have been adjusted to allow NATO allies to carry out more patrol flights along its border with northern Syria. NATO was told about the move around three weeks ago.
    (Reuters, 6/28/16)

2016        Jun 29, In Syria a joint convoy of UN, the Red Cross and Syrian Red Crescent trucks carrying medical and food aid entered two blockaded towns near Damascus.
    (AP, 6/29/16)
2016        Jun 29, In Syria a car bomb killed at least 10 people in Tal Abyad town, held by US-backed Kurdish-led forces, near the Turkish border. Fighters from the New Syrian Army returned to their base in Tanf having lost 4 fighters and four vehicles in a failed effort to capture Boukamal, an IS border crossing between Iraq and Syria.
    (AFP, 6/29/16)(SFC, 7/4/16, p.A4)

2016        Jun 30, Doctors Without Borders said tens of thousands of Syrians are stranded on the Jordanian border and face starvation and dehydration.
    (SFC, 7/1/16, p.A2)

2016        Jul 1, A Syrian warplane crashed northeast of Damascus and its pilot was captured by Jaish al-Islam rebels in Jeiroud.
    (Reuters, 7/1/16)(AP, 7/2/16)

2016        Jul 2, In Syria government airstrikes killed 43 people in a rebel-held area where militants had captured and killed a government fighter pilot. 7 medical personnel were among those killed in the town of Jeiroud (Jayrud).
    (AP, 7/2/16)(AFP, 7/2/16)(AFP, 7/3/16)
2016        Jul 2, Syria's al Qaeda-linked Nusra Front abducted Mohammad al Ghabi, the commander of the Western-backed Jaish al-Tahrir brigade, and a number of his aides in a house raid in Kfr Nubl in Idlib province. Jaish al Tahrir has about 4,000 well trained fighters.
    (Reuters, 7/3/16)
2016        Jul 2, Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that Syrians could eventually be granted Turkish citizenship "if they want it", in remarks which were met with anger from opposition politicians and social media users.
    (AP, 7/11/16)

2016        Jul 3, The Israeli army attacked two Syrian military targets on the Golan Heights after stray Syrian fire damaged the security fence along the demarcation line.
    (AFP, 7/4/16)

2016        Jul 4, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 13,000 civilians have fled the Islamic State bastion of Manbij since the launch of a US-backed offensive there.
    (AFP, 7/4/16)

2016        Jul 6, The Free Syrian Army rebel alliance said it would respect a 3-day Eid holiday ceasefire, but only if government forces also abided by it, accusing the government of having already violated the truce.
    (Reuters, 7/6/16)

2016        Jul 7, The Syrian army advanced within firing range of the rebels' sole supply route to Aleppo in heavy fighting despite its announcement of a ceasefire for the Eid al-Fitr holiday. Saudi-backed rebel group Jaish al-Islam (Army of Islam) said four of its fighters were killed trying to stop the army from cutting the Castello Road, the only route into rebel-held areas of Aleppo.
    (AFP, 7/7/16)

2016        Jul 8, In northwestern Syria airstrikes on a village killed 23 people and wounded dozens in Darkoush, Idlib province, despite a declared 3-day truce. Syrian rebels fired a rocket barrage on residential areas in the government side of Aleppo, killing 44 according to state media.
    (AP, 7/8/16)(AP, 7/9/16)
2016        Jul 8, In Syria militants shot down a military helicopter near Palmyra, killing 2 Russian pilots on board.
    (Reuters, 7/10/16)

2016        Jul 9, Syria's military said it would extend its own cease-fire for three days, even as pro-government forces advanced against rebels in the north. Syrian regime forces repelled a fierce assault by opposition fighters seeking to reopen their only supply route into Aleppo city, killing at least 29 rebels.
    (AP, 7/9/16)(AFP, 7/10/16)

2016        Jul 11, In Syria rebels launched an attack against government positions in Aleppo in response to an offensive that cut a road leading into the opposition-held sector of the city. State television said 8 people had been killed and that the bombardments had brought down buildings.
    (Reuters, 7/11/16)

2016        Jul 14, In Syria Islamic State fighters brought down a government jet near the eastern city of Deir al-Zor. A series of airstrikes on rebel-held areas of Aleppo city killed at least 12 people. An international aid convoy reached the besieged town of al-Waer in the central Homs province, bringing aid to 75,000 people.
    (Reuters, 7/14/16)(AP, 7/14/16)
2016        Jul 14, Russia said it has has conducted more than 50 air strikes since July 12 against Islamic State (IS) jihadists near the Syrian city of Palmyra. Six Tupolev bombers flew out of an airbase in Russia today and conducted strikes east of Palmyra, near the cities of Arak and Sukhna, as well as in the Homs region.
    (AFP, 7/14/16)

2016        Jul 16, In Syria air raids on rebel-held districts of Aleppo killed at least 25 civilians including children.
    (AFP, 7/16/16)

2016        Jul 16, In Syria air raids on rebel-held districts of Aleppo killed at least 25 civilians including children. Government troops regained control of Kinsabba in Latakia province.
    (AFP, 7/16/16)(SSFC, 7/17/16, p.A2)
2016        Jul 17, The US-led coalition against the Islamic State (IS) group resumed air strikes from a Turkish air base that were suspended after a failed military coup d'etat.
    (AFP, 7/17/16)

2016        Jul 18, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said 21 civilians were killed in US coalition raids, 15 of them in a northern district of Manbij and another six in Al-Tukhar.
    (AP, 7/19/16)

2016        Jul 19, In Syria children were among at least 56 civilians killed in strikes by a US-led coalition near a village held by the Islamic State group. The civilians had apparently been mistaken for jihadists and were bombed while fleeing fighting in Al-Tukhar, Aleppo province. 12 civilians were reported killed in strikes on the rebel-held town of Atareb.
    (AFP, 7/19/16)

2016        Jul 20, Syrian rebel group  Nour al-Din al-Zinki Movement, which has received US military backing, said it is investigating the beheading of a young child in Aleppo after video footage circulated showing the boy being killed by a man activists identified as a member of the group.
    (Reuters, 7/20/16)

2016        Jul 21, In Syria government air strikes and shelling killed at least 43 civilians, including 11 children in several rebel-held areas.
    (AP, 7/21/16)
2016        Jul 21, Nearly 40 Syrian soldiers and pro-regime fighters were killed when rebels blew up a tunnel under a government position in Aleppo city.
    (AFP, 7/22/16)
2016        Jul 21, The head of the opposition Syrian National Coalition called for a suspension of the US-led air campaign against Islamic State in Syria while reports of dozens of civilian deaths from air strikes around the northern city of Manbij are investigated.
    (Reuters, 7/21/16)

2016        Jul 22, In northern Syria sporadic clashes between Islamic Sate militants and US-backed fighters erupted in the IS-held town of Manbij after the extremists ignored a 48-hour offer from the day before to leave the besieged town without a fight.
    (AP, 7/22/16)

2016        Jul 24, In Syria rockets rained down on several Old Damascus neighborhoods killing at least 8 people and wounding 20 others. Government air raids struck five medical clinics in Aleppo province.
        (AFP, 7/24/16)(SFC, 7/25/16, p.A2)

2016        Jul 25, Syria's regime intensified air strikes on rebel-held areas of Aleppo province as a UN envoy prepared to meet US and Russian officials to try to revive peace talks.
    (AFP, 7/25/16)

2016        Jul 26, Syrian government forces called on opposition fighters in Aleppo to drop their weapons and surrender to authorities as they captured new ground on the northwestern edge of the city, tightening the siege on rebel-held parts of the metropolis where some 300,000 people live.
    (AP, 7/26/16)

2016        Jul 27, In Syria a large truck bomb blast claimed by Islamic State  targeted Kurdish security forces and killed at least 48 people and wounded scores more in the northeastern city of Qamishli. Government air strikes and artillery fire killed at least 16 civilians on in rebel-held neighbourhoods in the east of Aleppo city.
    (Reuters, 7/27/16)(AFP, 7/27/16)

2016        Jul 28, Syrian pro-government forces tightened their grip around Aleppo, and the governor of the area said they would open corridors for civilians to escape the besieged, rebel-held districts of the city. Militants retook the northern village of al-Bouweir from the Syrian Democratic Forces and killed 24 civilians there.
    (Reuters, 7/28/16)(AP, 7/29/16)
2016        Jul 28, In Syria at least 28 people, including seven children, died in air strikes on the village of al Ghandour in the countryside north of Manbij city. The US-led coalition fighting Islamic State militants conducted air strikes in the area in the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 7/29/16)

2016        Jul 29, Aid agencies urged Syria's regime to end the siege of rebel-held east Aleppo as residents cowered indoors afraid to use what some described as "death corridors" to flee the city.
    (AFP, 7/29/16)

2016        Jul 30, In Syria dozens of civilians left the besieged and battered opposition-held east of Aleppo city through a "humanitarian corridor" to the government-held west. Russia's defence ministry announced that four additional "humanitarian corridors" will be opened from Aleppo, adding that 169 civilians have been able to get out so far.
    (AFP, 7/30/16)

2016        Jul 31, In southern Syria a government airstrike on a hospital in opposition-controlled Jasem put the facility out of service. It was targeted in one of several airstrikes to hit the town in Deraa province. 6 people were reported killed in the strikes.
    (AP, 7/31/16)
2016        Jul 31, The Islamic State called on its group members to carry out jihad in Russia in a nine-minute YouTube video.
    (Reuters, 7/31/16)

2016        Aug 1, In northern Syria a Russian transport helicopter was shot down in opposition rebel territory. All five crew and officers onboard were killed.
    (AP, 8/1/16)

2016        Aug 2, A Syrian rescue service operating in rebel-held territory said a helicopter dropped containers of toxic gas overnight on a town close to where a Russian military helicopter was shot down hours earlier. Russia launched heavy air strikes overnight on the outskirts of divided Aleppo city, slowing a "last-chance" assault by rebels seeking to break a government siege.
    (Reuters, 8/2/16)(AFP, 8/2/16)

2016        Aug 3, Syrian regime forces bolstered by Russian air strikes recaptured territory overnight in the battleground city of Aleppo, rolling back the short-lived gains of a rebel offensive.
    (AFP, 8/3/16)
2016        Aug 3, A UN commission investigating human rights abuses in Syria said the Islamic State group is still committing genocide and other crimes against the Yazidi minority in Iraq.
    (AP, 8/3/16)

2016        Aug 4, Aid agencies said they have delivered a month's worth of food and supplies this week to more than 75,000 Syrians stuck on Jordan's sealed border, using cranes to lift bags from the Jordanian side over an earthen barrier along the frontier.
    (AP, 8/4/16)

2016        Aug 5, In Syria at least 10 people, including seven children, were killed in air strikes on the rebel-held Marjeh district east of Aleppo.
    (AFP, 8/5/16)
2016        Aug 5, Denmark's armed forces said Danish F-16 aircraft have for the first time dropped bombs in Syria's Raqqa province. Defense Command Denmark said the raid was conducted in the past week.
    (AP, 8/5/16)

2016        Aug 6, In northern Syria the former Al-Nusra Front, renamed the Fateh al-Sham Front after breaking from Al-Qaeda, announced that rebels have broken a devastating government siege of Aleppo after a week of fierce fighting. Syria Democratic Forces (SDF), a coalition of Arab and Kurd fighters, took control of Manbij from IS militants.
    (AFP, 8/6/16)

2016        Aug 7, In Syria rebels breached the government siege on opposition neighborhoods in the city of Aleppo, marking a major military breakthrough that prompted an intense airstrike campaign.
    (AP, 8/7/16)

2016        Aug 9, The United Nations warned that up to two million people in Syria's Aleppo have gone without running water for the past four days.
    (AFP, 8/9/16)

2016        Aug 10, Lt. Gen. Sean MacFarland, the top US commander for the fight against the Islamic State, said military campaigns in Iraq and Syria have taken 45,000 enemy combatants off the battlefield and reduced the total number of IS fighters to as few as 15,000.
    (AP, 8/11/16)

2016        Aug 11, In Syria doctors in Aleppo made a heart-wrenching plea for the US to help civilians hit by fresh fighting despite a promised Russian aid window. Russian air strikes on the IS bastion of Raqa killed at least 30 people, including 24 civilians.
    (AFP, 8/11/16)

2016        Aug 12, In Syria a series of airstrikes in opposition areas in northern Aleppo province killed at least 18 people, including children and two hospital staffers, when the missiles hit an open market in Urem al-Kubra, a women and children's hospital in Kafr Hamra and the village of Hayan.
    (AP, 8/12/16)
2016        Aug 12, In northern Syria Islamic State fighters seized around 2,000 civilians to use as "human shields" as they fled their stronghold of Manbij.
    (AFP, 8/12/16)

2016        Aug 13, In northern Syria US-backed forces seized full control of Manbij near the Turkish border after the last remaining Islamic State fighters, who had been using civilians as human shields, left. Clashes and airstrikes continued across Aleppo province, resulting in at least 49 civilian deaths. Within ten days of the the liberation of Manbij booby traps and mines planted by retreating jihadists killed 29 people.
    (Reuters, 8/13/16)(AP, 8/14/16)(Econ, 4/1/17, p.41)

2016        Aug 14, Syria's rebel-held, northwestern Idlib province came under heavy bombardment, activists reported, as rebels and pro-government forces battled for control of the nearby city of Aleppo. Russian air strikes around Deir Ezzor killed a large number of militants while destroying two command posts, six arms caches, two tanks, four armored infantry vehicles and seven all-terrain vehicles with heavy machine guns.
    (AP, 8/14/16)

2016        Aug 15, Syrian government forces repelled a renewed rebel assault southwest of the city of Aleppo, forcing opposition forces spearheaded by Fath al-Sham, formerly known as the Nusra Front, to retreat from positions they seized a daily earlier.
    (AP, 8/15/16)

2016        Aug 16, Russian warplanes took off from a base in Iran to target Islamic State fighters and other militants in Syria.
    (AP, 8/16/16)

2016        Aug 19, A Kurdish official said Syrian Kurdish militia have seized several positions from government forces in the divided city of Hasaka (Hassakeh). At least 13 people, including children and women, were reported killed as a result of shelling by the army on Kurdish-controlled areas of Hasaka.
    (Reuters, 8/19/16)
2016        Aug 19, Russian warships in the Mediterranean Sea fired cruise missiles at targets near Aleppo.
    (Reuters, 8/19/16)

2016        Aug 20, Syrian regime jets pounded US-backed Kurdish forces in the northeast for a second day, even after the US-led coalition scrambled jets to protect its military advisers working on the ground.
    (AFP, 8/20/16)

2016        Aug 22, The Kurdish YPG militia launched a major assault to seize the last government-controlled parts of the northeastern Syrian city of Hasaka after calling on pro-government militias to surrender.
    (Reuters, 8/22/16)
2016        Aug 22, Jordan signed grant agreements for the school program with Britain, the US, Norway and Switzerland. Donor countries pledged close to $100 million to help Jordan enroll all Syrian refugee children in the kingdom in schools next month.
    (AP, 8/22/16)

2016        Aug 23, Turkey's artillery shelled Islamic State group targets across the border in Syria for a second consecutive day. Two mortar shells fired from Syria hit the border town of Karkamis. Three rocket shells fired from Syria hit the border town of Kilis.
    (AP, 8/23/16)(Reuters, 8/23/16)

2016        Aug 24, Turkish tanks and armoured vehicles crossed into the Islamic State group-held border district of Jarablus with air cover from the US-led coalition in “Operation Euphrates Shield." The Syrian government and Syrian Kurdish officials condemned the incursion.
    (AFP, 8/24/16)(Reuters, 8/24/16)(Reuters, 8/25/16)

2016        Aug 25, At least nine more Turkish tanks entered northern Syria as part of an operation aimed at driving Islamic State out of the border area around Jarablus and stopping Kurdish militia fighters from seizing territory.
    (Reuters, 8/25/16)

2016        Aug 26, In Syria besieged residents and rebels began leaving the Damascus suburb of Daraya, beginning an an evacuation to end one of the longest stand-offs in the five-year war.
    (Reuters, 8/26/16)

2016        Aug 27, Turkey sent more tanks into Syria to bolster a military offensive against jihadists and Kurdish fighters.
    (AP, 8/27/16)

2016        Aug 28, Turkey's army and its allies thrust deeper into Syria, seizing territory controlled by Kurdish-aligned forces on the fifth day of a cross-border campaign that a monitoring group said had killed at least 35 villagers.
    (Reuters, 8/28/16)

2016        Aug 29, Turkey’s military said its armed forces carried out 57 artillery strikes on 16 militant targets in northern Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 8/29/16)

2016        Aug 30, In Syria top Islamic State group strategist and spokesman Abu Mohamed al-Adnani was killed. US coalition forces had targeted Adnani, who had a $5 million bounty on his head, in an air strike in Aleppo province.
    (AFP, 8/31/16)(Reuters, 12/5/16)
2016        Aug 30, In Syria retired Iranian general Ahmad Gholami, died while fighting in Aleppo. He had served as a senior Revolutionary Guards commander in the Iraq-Iran war of the 1980s.
    (AFP, 8/31/16)

2016        Sep 1, In Syria opposition fighters seized several areas in a rapid advance against government forces in central Hama province, prompting a wave of regime air strikes. At least 25 civilians, including children, were killed in the strikes early today as fighting raged in parts of Hama.
    (AFP, 9/1/16)
2016        Sep 1, A coalition of NGOs led by Human Rights Watch (HRW) said evidence is growing that Russia is behind a significant increase in the use of cluster bombs in Syria. More than 400 people were reported killed or maimed by the banned munitions in the world last year.
    (AFP, 9/1/16)

2016        Sep 8, In Syria unidentified aircraft hit the Army of Conquest meeting late today, killing Fateh al-Sham Front rebel commander Abu Omar Saraqeb (Saraqib) and another rebel commander named as Abu Muslim al-Shami. Last July the former Al-Qaeda affiliate Al-Nusra Front was renamed Fateh al-Sham Front. The group numbered some 7,000 fighters, mostly from Syria.
    (AFP, 9/9/16)(Econ, 9/17/16, p.56)

2016        Sep 13, The Israeli military struck artillery positions in Syria after a projectile from that country's civil war hit the Israeli-controlled part of the Golan Heights, but denied a Syrian claim that Syrian forces shot down two Israeli aircraft.
     (AP, 9/13/16)

2016        Sep 17, Israel's Iron Dome missile defence system destroyed two rockets fired from Syria at the Israeli-held zone of the Golan Heights in an apparent rise in tension between the uneasy neighbors.
    (AFP, 9/17/16)

2016        Sep 18, The Syrian military said one of its war planes had been downed in the eastern city of Deir al-Zor during an operation against Islamic state, where the militant group has been under intense air strikes in the past 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 9/18/16)
2016         Sep 18, Moscow said air strikes by a US-led coalition on the Syrian army threatened the implementation of a US-Russian ceasefire plan for Syria and bordered on connivance with Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 9/18/16)

2016        Sep 19, Syria's armed forces announced an end to the week-long ceasefire brokered by the United States and Russia, blaming rebel groups for its failure. Two 20-truck aid convoys destined for eastern Aleppo with enough supplies to feed 185,000 people for a month are still stuck in Turkey hours after a ceasefire in Syria expired.
    (AFP, 9/19/16)(Reuters, 9/19/16)

2016        Sep 19, In Syria a raid on an aid convoy destroyed at least 18 of 31 vehicles, as well as a Red Crescent warehouse in Orum al-Kubra in Aleppo province. 20 civilians were reported killed in the attack.
    (AFP, 9/20/16)(AP, 9/20/16)

2016        Sep 20, The United Nations suspended all aid shipments into Syria after what it said was a deadly attack on an aid convoy carrying humanitarian supplies.
    (Reuters, 9/20/16)

2016        Sep 21, Syria’s President Bashar Assad rejected US accusations that Syrian or Russian planes struck an aid convoy in Aleppo or that his troops were preventing food from entering the city's rebel-held eastern neighborhoods, blaming the US for the collapse of a cease-fire many had hoped would bring relief to the war-ravaged country.
    (AP, 9/22/16)
2016        Sep 21, A Syrian warplane crashed north of Damascus, but it was unclear if it had been shot down or came down because of a technical fault. Islamic State militants said in an online statement that the plane had been shot down.
    (Reuters, 9/21/16)
2016        Sep 21, In Syria dozens of air strikes battered Aleppo and its outskirts overnight. An airstrike killed 5 medics responding to an earlier bombing raid on the rebel-held town of Khan Touman, a day after an airstrike on a humanitarian convoy prompted the UN to suspend desperately needed aid deliveries.
    (AFP, 9/21/16)(AP, 9/21/16)

2016        Sep 22, In Syria warplanes mounted the heaviest air strikes in months against rebel-held districts of the city of Aleppo overnight, as Russia and the Syrian government spurned a US plea to halt flights, burying any hope for the revival of a doomed ceasefire.
    (Reuters, 9/22/16)
2016        Sep 22, In Syria Yaacoub al-Ammar, a "minister" in the opposition government, was among at least 12 people killed in a car bomb attack in Daraa province.
    (AFP, 9/22/16)
2016        Sep 22, In Turkey six people were wounded when a rocket fired from an area of Syria under the control of Islamic State hit the border town of Kilis.
    (Reuters, 9/22/16)

2016        Sep 23, In Syria missiles rained down on rebel-held areas of Aleppo causing widespread destruction, as the army prepared a ground offensive to retake the city. At least 27 civilians including several children were reported killed and dozens wounded in the raids by Russian warplanes and regime aircraft.
    (AFP, 9/23/16)(SFC, 9/24/16, p.A2)

2016        Sep 24, It was reported that war crimes investigators collecting evidence of the Islamic State group's elaborate operation to kidnap thousands of women as sex slaves say they have a case to try IS leaders with crimes against humanity but cannot get US or global backing to bring current detainees before an international tribunal.
    (AP, 9/24/16)
2016        Sep 24, Syrian government forces captured a rebel-held area on the edge of Aleppo. A monitoring group said 49 people were killed. The UN said nearly 2 million people in Aleppo are without running water following an escalation in fighting over the past few days.
    (AP, 9/24/16)

2016        Sep 25, Syrian and Russian warplanes bombed a strategic camp on the northern edge of Aleppo as government and rebel forces battled for control of the high ground in a Russian-backed offensive that has left Washington's Syria policy in tatters.
    (Reuters, 9/25/16)(AFP, 9/25/16)
   
2016        Sep 27, Syrian government forces captured a central rebel-held neighborhood in Aleppo. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said 11 people were killed in airstrikes on eastern Aleppo, and that insurgents shelled the nearby government-held villages of Nubal and Zahraa, killing a baby girl.
     (AP, 9/27/16)

2016        Sep 28, Syrian government shelling and airstrikes in eastern rebel-held Aleppo landed near a bread distribution center and two hospitals, killing 7 people and putting at least one of the medical facilities completely out of service.
    (AP, 9/28/16)

2016        Sep 29, The United Nations described a desperate situation in Syria's rebel-held eastern Aleppo, warning "hundreds" needed medical evacuation and that there was only enough food aid left for a quarter of the city's population.
    (AFP, 9/29/16)

2016        Sep 30, The Syrian Civil Defense group and a Syrian monitoring group reported that airstrikes on rebel-held neighborhoods in Aleppo have killed at least 12 people. The World Health Organization said fighting in Syria's besieged eastern Aleppo has killed 338 people since Sept. 23, including 106 children, and that 846 have been wounded, including 261 children.
    (AP, 9/30/16)(Reuters, 9/30/16)

2016        Oct 1, Syrian troops pushed ahead in their offensive in Aleppo capturing the strategic Um al-Shuqeef hill near the Palestinian refugee camp of Handarat that government forces captured earlier this week.
    (SSFC, 10/2/16, p.A8)

2016        Oct 2, Syrian government and allied forces advanced north of Aleppo, pressing their week-old offensive to take the insurgent-held, eastern part of the city after dozens of overnight air strikes.
    (Reuters, 10/2/16)
2016        Oct 2, In northern Syria at least 21 Syrian rebels fighting alongside Turkish troops against the Islamic State were killed by landmines laid by the jihadist group.
    (AFP, 10/3/16)

2016        Oct 3, In Syria two suicide bombings struck the central city of Hama killing two people and wounding at least 12. The Islamic State claimed responsibility for the attacks.
    (AP, 10/3/16)
2016        Oct 3, Turkish military officials said 15 Syrian opposition fighters were killed and about 35 wounded over the last 24 hours in fighting to capture seven residential districts south of the town of al-Rai.
    (AP, 10/3/16)

2016        Oct 4, Rebels said they had repelled a Syrian army offensive in southern Aleppo as Russian and Syrian warplanes continued to pound residential areas in besieged parts of the city where thousands of civilians are trapped. 25 deaths in government-held west Aleppo were documented as a result of rebel shelling.
    (Reuters, 10/4/16)
2016        Oct 4, The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights warned Russia over use of incendiary weapons in air strikes on the Syrian city of Aleppo, where he said attacks on civilian targets may amount to crimes against humanity.
    (Reuters, 10/4/16)

2016        Oct 5, Syria’s military said it would scale back its bombardment of Aleppo to allow civilians to evacuate besieged rebel-held neighborhoods.
    (SFC, 10/6/16, p.A4)

2016        Oct 6, Syria’s President Bashar al-Assad said his forces would recapture all of Syria, including Aleppo, in a television interview with Denmark's TV 2, but added he would prefer to do so using local deals and amnesties that would allow rebels to leave for other areas.
    (Reuters, 10/6/16)

2016        Oct 7, Russia's lower house of parliament ratified a treaty with Syria that allows the Russian military to stay indefinitely in the Mideast country.
    (AP, 10/7/16)

2016        Oct 8, Syrian government forces recaptured territory from insurgents in several western areas as the UN Security Council prepared to vote on rival French and Russian draft resolutions urging an immediate ceasefire. Islamic State militants captured several villages from Syrian rebels in a counter-attack near the Turkish border that forced the foreign-backed insurgents to retreat.
    (Reuters, 10/8/16)

2016        Oct 10, Russia's defence ministry said that the country was poised to transform its naval facility in the Syrian port city of Tartus into a permanent base.
    (AFP, 10/10/16)

2016        Oct 11, In Syria regime ally Russia carried out its heaviest strikes in days on Aleppo. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said 12 people, among them four children, were killed in raids in the Bustan al-Qasr and Fardos neighborhoods. At least five children were killed in rebel fire on a school in the southern city of Daraa.
    (AFP, 10/11/16)

2016        Oct 12, In Syria rebels supported by Turkish tanks and US-led coalition air strikes pushed toward the Islamic State stronghold of Dabiq. Turkey’s military said clashes and air strikes over the past 24 hours have killed 47 jihadists. An airstrike hit the biggest market on the rebel-held side of Aleppo, killing at least 15 people and leveling buildings. Shelling on government-held parts of Aleppo killed 8 people.
    (Reuters, 10/12/16)(AP, 10/12/16)(Reuters, 10/13/16)

2016        Oct 13, In Syria air strikes killed 13 people, when warplanes hit several rebel-held districts, including al-Kalaseh, Bustan al-Qasr and al-Sakhour.
    (Reuters, 10/13/16)

2016        Oct 14, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a British-based monitor, said Russian and Syrian warplanes again pounded Aleppo’s opposition-controlled eastern districts, though it did not have any immediate information on casualties.
    (AFP, 10/14/16)
2016        Oct 14, Russian President Vladimir Putin ratified an agreement with the Syrian government that allows Russia to use the Hmeimim air base in Syria indefinitely.
    (Reuters, 10/14/16)

2016        Oct 16, In Syria Turkish-backed Syrian opposition forces captured the town of Dabiq from the Islamic State group as government forces reversed recent rebel advances in the center of the country.
    (AP, 10/16/16)

2016        Oct 17, In Syria airstrikes by Russian warplanes on rebel-held areas in the northern province of Aleppo killed at least 36 people, including children.
    (AP, 10/17/16)

2016        Oct 18, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said airstrikes in Syria were to be suspended starting from 10 a.m. today. He said the suspension is intended to prepare for the opening of humanitarian corridors for the rebels to leave Aleppo.
    (AP, 10/18/16)

2016        Oct 19, In Syria a pause in Russian and Syrian strikes on Aleppo held into a second day, ahead of a brief ceasefire aimed at allowing civilians and rebels to quit the devastated city. Around 620 rebels and their families began evacuating the besieged town of Moadamiyat al-Sham, southwest of Damascus, under a deal with the government.
    (AFP, 10/19/16)

2016        Oct 20, The Syrian military said a unilateral ceasefire backed by Russia had come into force to allow people to leave eastern Aleppo, a move rejected by rebels who say they are preparing a counter-offensive to break the blockade. Russia has told the United Nations it will stop bombing eastern Aleppo for 11 hours a day for four days.
    (Reuters, 10/20/16)

2016        Oct 22, Turkey's Pres. Recep Tayyip Erdogan said the country will be expanding its operations in north Syria, including entering the cities of al-Bab, Manbij and Raqqa.
    (AP, 10/22/16)

2016        Oct 23, A leading northern Syrian rebel coalition warned civilians in Aleppo to stay away from government positions around the contested city as rebels and pro-government forces clashed along the city's outskirts. Clashes and air strikes shook Aleppo, as heavy fighting resumed after the end of a 3-day ceasefire.
    (AP, 10/23/16)(AFP, 10/23/16)

2016        Oct 24, Syrian government forces and their allies captured strategic high ground in embattled Aleppo as Russia — a key ally of Syrian President Bashar Assad — said it was not planning more "humanitarian pauses" in the fighting in the city's eastern, rebel-held districts. 16 civilians, including three children, were killed in heavy bombardment across rebel-held Idlib province.
    (AP, 10/24/16)(AFP, 10/24/16)

2016        Oct 26, In Syria airstrikes killed 28 people, including 22 children, when warplanes struck a residential area housing the Haas village school complex in the rebel-held province of Idlib. Human Rights Watch said improvised land mines planted by the Islamic State group have killed and wounded hundreds of civilians, including dozens of children, in Manbij, a town recently freed of the militants.
    (AP, 10/26/16)(Reuters, 10/27/16)(SFC, 10/28/16, p.A6)(SFC, 3/15/17, p.A2)

2016        Oct 27, In Syria at least 8 people were killed in government shelling on Douma, a rebel-held suburb Damascus. At least 6 children were killed and 15 injured in rebel rocket attacks in the government-held west of Aleppo city.
    (AP, 10/27/16)(AFP, 10/27/16)
2016        Oct 27, EU governments put 10 more people under sanctions over the crisis in Syria, targeting high-ranking military officials and senior figures linked to President Bashar al-Assad.
    (Reuters, 10/27/16)

2016        Oct 28, Syrian rebels including jihadists began a counter-attack against the army and its allies aiming to break a weeks-long siege on eastern Aleppo. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a British-based war monitor, said more than 15 civilians had been killed and 100 wounded by rebel shelling of government-held western Aleppo.
    (Reuters, 10/28/16)

2016        Oct 29, Syrian government forces launched a counteroffensive under the cover of airstrikes in an attempt to regain control of areas they had lost to insurgents the day before in Aleppo as insurgents launched a fresh offensive on the city.
    (AP, 10/29/16)

2016        Oct 30, Syrian rebels opened a new front in Aleppo as fighting spread on the third day of a major insurgent counter-attack to break the government's siege of the opposition-held part of the city, and each side accused the other using poison gas. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 38 people including 14 children had been killed in rebel shelling of government-held areas of Aleppo in the last 48 hours.
    (Reuters, 10/30/16)

2016        Oct 31, Syria's army said the Nusra Front and what the army called other terrorist groups had killed 84 people, mostly women and children, in Aleppo during the past three days, in a bombardment that included chemical weapons and rocket fire.
    (Reuters, 10/31/16)

2016        Nov 2, It was reported that Belgium's immigration minister is refusing to grant humanitarian visas to a family in the besieged Syrian city of Aleppo despite being fined 4,000 euros ($4,438) a day for defying an appeal tribunal.
    (AP, 11/2/16)
2016        Nov 2, Moscow declared a 10-hour humanitarian truce in the war-ravaged city of Aleppo. Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said Russia seeks "honest cooperation" for a political solution in Syria -- "the sooner the better". Russia said it would extend the moratorium to Nov 4.
    (AFP, 11/2/16)(SFC, 11/3/16, p.A2)

2016        Nov 3, Syrian rebel factions fought each other in besieged eastern Aleppo, potentially undermining their efforts to fend off a major Russian-backed offensive. Syrian TV said civilian deaths from rebel attacks on western Aleppo has risen to 12.
    (Reuters, 11/3/16)(AP, 11/3/16)
2016        Nov 3, Avi Dichter, the former head of Israel's domestic intelligence agency, said Iran now commands a force of around 25,000 Shi'ite Muslim militants in Syria, mostly made up of recruits from Afghanistan and Pakistan.
    (Reuters, 11/3/16)
2016        Nov 3, Moscow declared a 10-hour humanitarian truce in the war-ravaged city of Aleppo. Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said Russia seeks "honest cooperation" for a political solution in Syria -- "the sooner the better". Russia said it would extend the moratorium to Nov 4.
    (AFP, 11/2/16)(SFC, 11/3/16, p.A2)

2016        Nov 4, In Syria two Russian soldiers and a Syrian journalist were injured in Aleppo when mortar rounds struck one of the exit corridors designated for the evacuation of rebels and residents from the eastern besieged part of the city during a temporary halt in fighting announced by Russia.
    (AP, 11/4/16)

2016        Nov 6, In Syria at least six children were killed in government shelling that hit a kindergarten in the rebel-held town of Harasta outside Damascus.
    (AFP, 11/6/16)
2016        Nov 6, The Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), a Kurdish-Arab militia, announced an offensive to eject the Islamic State from Raqqa.
    (Econ, 11/12/16, p.47)

2016        Nov 7, In Syria Kurdish-led Syrian fighters clashed with Islamic State militants north of the city of Raqqa as they pushed ahead in their offensive aiming to retake the city that has been the de facto capital of the extremist group since 2014.
    (AP, 11/7/16)

2016        Nov 8, The Syrian army said it had taken a strategic district of Aleppo in what would mark the most important advance in the divided city by Damascus and its allies in weeks. At least seven children and two pregnant women were killed in an air strike on the town of Khan Sheikun in the rebel stronghold province of Idlib.
    (Reuters, 11/8/16)(AFP, 11/8/16)
2016        Nov 8, Iraqi Kurdish forces seized the town of Bashiqa near Mosul from the Islamic State group. About five percent of the town remained under jihadist control. US-backed militia forces advanced on the jihadists' Syrian stronghold Raqa.
    (AFP, 11/8/16)

2016        Nov 9, In Iraq and Syria US-backed forces pressed offensives on the Islamic State group's strongholds. An air strike by the American-led coalition reportedly killed 20 civilians in the village of Heisha near the Syrian city of Raqa (Raqqa).
    (AFP, 11/9/16)(AP, 11/9/16)
2016        Nov 9, The Israeli military said it has struck a Syrian army artillery position after a rocket from Syria hit the Israeli-controlled part of the Golan Heights.
    (AP, 11/9/16)

2016        Nov 13, In northern Syria at least 11 children were among 23 people killed as pro-government forces kept up their campaign against opposition areas.
    (SFC, 11/14/16, p.A2)

2016        Nov 14, In northern Syria Turkish warplanes struck Islamic State positions near al-Bab as Syrian-backed opposition fighters inched closer to the town. Air strikes and shelling killed at least three people.
    (SFC, 11/15/16, p.A3)

2016        Nov 15, In Syria Russia launched new air strikes involving carrier-borne jets and long range missiles in rebel-held districts of eastern Aleppo after a weeks-long pause. Activists said between 4 and 10 people were killed in the strikes on Aleppo.
    (Reuters, 11/15/16)(SFC, 11/16/16, p.A3)
2016        Nov 15, Russia launched coordinated missile strikes against rebels in Syria and Moscow for the first time used its only aircraft carrier in combat.
    (Reuters, 11/15/16)

2016        Nov 16, Syrian government and Russian warplanes pounded rebel-held parts of northern Syria, including battered second city Aleppo, where food aid rations were all-but-exhausted after months of regime siege. At least 54 people were killed in air strikes and artillery shelling across northern Syria. An airstrike in Batbo village, Aleppo province, killed at least 18 people, including six women.
    (AFP, 11/16/16)(AP, 11/16/16)(SFC, 11/17/16, p.A4)

2016        Nov 17, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights monitoring group said government air strikes and shelling killed 25 civilians in eastern districts of Aleppo, on the third day of a wide-ranging regime assault on rebel-held areas. At least 13 people were killed and dozens were injured by a car bomb which targeted a building used by a rebel group in the northern town of Azaz near the Turkish border.
    (AFP, 11/17/16)(Reuters, 11/17/16)

2016        Nov 17-2016 Dec 30, Syrian government forces carried out at least eight chemical attacks during the final weeks of the battle for Aleppo, killing nine people.
    (AFP, 2/13/17)

2016        Nov 18, Syrian rebels fought fiercely with pro-government forces as they tried to advance into opposition-held areas of eastern Aleppo. Warplanes kept up their bombardment of the area in a renewed bid by Damascus to retake the entire city. Airstrikes that hit four hospitals in east Aleppo.
    (Reuters, 11/18/16)(AP, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 18, The UN Security Council extended for one year an international inquiry to determine blame for chemical weapons attacks in Syria, paving the way for a showdown between Russia and Western powers over how to punish those responsible.
    (Reuters, 11/18/16)

2016        Nov 19, In northern Syria government bombardment of besieged rebel-held neighborhoods in Aleppo killed at least 27 people, a day after the health directorate said all hospitals in opposition areas have been knocked out of service.
    (AP, 11/19/16)(AFP, 11/19/16)
2016        Nov 19, A Turkish soldier was killed and two others wounded in a bomb attack by Islamic State militants near the northern Syrian city of al-Bab.
    (AP, 11/20/16)

2016        Nov 20, The Syrian government refused a UN proposal to grant the rebel-held eastern districts of Aleppo autonomy in order to restore calm to the war-torn city. Fresh fighting in Aleppo killed at least eight schoolchildren. A barrel bomb killed a family of six in the rebel-held area.
    (AP, 11/20/16)(AFP, 11/20/16)(Reuters, 11/20/16)

2016        Nov 22, Syria's army announced the formation of a new corps of volunteers to fight alongside its soldiers and allies against opponents of President Bashar al-Assad.
    (Reuters, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, The head of Iran's veterans' affairs office said more than 1,000 combatants sent from Iran to fight in support of President Bashar al-Assad in Syria have been killed in the conflict.
    (AFP, 11/22/16)
2016        Nov 22, Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan said government-backed forces have besieged the Islamic State-held Syrian town of al-Bab from the west and have set their sights on Manbij for their next offensive.
    (Reuters, 11/22/16)

2016        Nov 23, Turkish-backed Syrian opposition forces clashed with Kurdish-led forces in northern Syria, where both are fighting the Islamic State group. Kurdish-affiliated forces entered the IS-held town of Arima, near al-Bab.
    (AP, 11/23/16)

2016        Nov 24, Syrian rebels in besieged east Aleppo agreed to a UN plan for aid delivery and medical evacuations, but the United Nations still awaited a green light from Russia and the Syrian government.
    (Reuters, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 24, In northern Syria three Turkish soldiers were killed in what the military said was a suspected Syrian air strike. Turkey said it would retaliate.
    (Reuters, 11/24/16)

2016        Nov 25, In Syria airstrikes on the northern village of Taqad killed at least five people including children. Opposition activists reported intense airstrikes and shelling on the besieged rebel-held eastern neighborhoods of Aleppo amid fighting on several fronts. Air strikes in Idlib province knocked out two medical centers dedicated to women and killed at least 12 people.
    (AP, 11/25/16)(SFC, 11/26/16, p.A2)
2016        Nov 25, Turkish media reported one soldier killed and five lightly wounded in the fight against the Islamic State group in al-Bab, northern Syria. Four opposition fighters were also reported killed in the clashes.
    (AP, 11/25/16)

2016        Nov 26, The Syrian army said troops have captured a neighborhood in Aleppo days after the government resumed its offensive on the besieged rebel-held eastern part of the city. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said an agreement to start evacuating rebels and their weapons from rebel-held Khan al-Shih will start to be implemented. Another agreement was reached to evacuate rebels from al-Tal.
    (AP, 11/26/16)(Reuters, 11/26/16)
2016        Nov 26, Turkey's state-run news agency said a Turkish soldier was killed and three wounded in an attack during an anti-IS operation in north Syria, raising to five the number of Turkish troops killed in Syria this week. Turkish warplanes destroyed 12 Islamic State targets during the offensive.
    (AP, 11/26/16)(Reuters, 11/26/16)

2016        Nov 27, In Syria hundreds of residents of rebel-held eastern Aleppo fled shifting frontlines, after an advance by the Syrian army and allied forces. A vehicle-borne bomb killed several people in the northern town of al-Rai, an area under the control of Turkey-backed rebels. Rebels handed in their heavy weapons in Khan al-Shih, a town southwest of Damascus, as part of a deal they have made with the government to get safe passage to insurgent-controlled areas.
    (Reuters, 11/27/16)
2016        Nov 27, Israeli aircraft struck a machine gun-mounted vehicle inside, killing four Islamic State-affiliated militants after they had opened fire on a military patrol on the Israeli side of the Golan Heights.
    (AP, 11/27/16)
2016        Nov 27, The Turkish army said 22 pro-Ankara Syrian rebels were hit by an Islamic State (IS) gas attack east of Al Rai in northern Syria, the first time Turkey has accused the jihadists of chemical warfare.
    (AFP, 11/27/16)

2016        Nov 28, The Syrian army and its allies announced the capture of a swathe of eastern Aleppo from rebels in an accelerating attack that threatens to crush the opposition in its most important urban stronghold.
    (Reuters, 11/28/16)

2016        Nov 29, In Syria renewed airstrikes killed at least 20 civilians as they fled government advances in the eastern part of Aleppo. The United Nations said up to 16,000 people have already been displaced in recent days of fighting.
    (AP, 11/29/16)
2016        Nov 29, Russian government officials said they plan to send 100,000 tons of wheat in humanitarian aid to Syria this year.
    (Reuters, 11/29/16)

2016        Nov 30, Syrian government forces and their allies clashed with rebels in southeast Aleppo, as Damascus and its allies tried to build on major gains in the city. Regime artillery fire killed at least 26 civilians in east Aleppo. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said more than 50,000 people have fled Aleppo's rebel-held districts, including at least 20,000 to government-held territory and another 30,000 to Kurdish-controlled districts.
    (Reuters, 11/30/16)(AFP, 11/30/16)

2016        Nov, The UN estimated that about 8,000 rebels were in Aleppo, Syria.
    (Econ, 11/19/16, p.41)

2016        Dec 1, Elite Syrian troops moved into east Aleppo ahead of a push into the most densely populated areas, as regime ally Russia called for corridors to bring in aid and evacuate wounded. Aleppo rebels said they have agreed to form a new military alliance to better organize the defense of parts of the city they control from a ferocious assault by the government and its allies.
    (AFP, 12/1/16)

2016        Dec 2, In Syria rebels put up fierce resistance in a key district of Aleppo, where a regime offensive has left bodies in the streets and sparked global outrage. Rebel fire on west Aleppo killed 9 people.
    (AFP, 12/2/16)(AFP, 12/3/16)
2016        Dec 2, Syrian intelligence officials returned the emaciated and abused dead body of Ibrahim al-Ahmad (25) to his family saying the man, missing for four years, had died of a heart attack.
    (Econ, 12/24/16, p.75)
2016        Dec 2, The UN said nearly 20,000 children have fled their homes in battered east Aleppo in recent days, warning that time is running out to provide them with the help they desperately need.
    (AFP, 12/2/16)

2016        Dec 3, Syria's army advanced deeper into east Aleppo. The government has now recaptured around 60 percent of eastern parts of the city. Three people were killed in air strikes on Shaar. Five people were killed by rebel fire on west Aleppo.
    (AFP, 12/3/16)

2016        Dec 4, In Syria suspected Russian air strikes killed at least 46 people in opposition-held parts, as government forces advanced in fierce clashes with rebels in east Aleppo.
    (AFP, 12/4/16)
2016        Dec 4, A coalition air strike in Raqa, Syria, killed three Islamic State leaders involved in plotting foreign attacks. Salah-Eddine Gourmat and Sammy Djedou -- were involved in facilitating the November 13, 2015 Paris attacks, in which 130 people died. Walid Hamman was a suicide-attack planner who was convicted in absentia in Belgium for a terror plot disrupted in 2015.
    (AFP, 12/13/16)

2016        Dec 5, In Syria opposition rebel shelling in Aleppo killed two nurses  and eight civilians.
    (SFC, 12/6/16, p.A2)

2016        Dec 6, Syrian government forces and allied militias captured Aleppo's centrally located al-Shaar neighborhood from rebels as the government and its ally Russia rejected a cease-fire for the war-torn city.
    (AP, 12/6/16)

2016        Dec 7, In Syria rebels in Aleppo called for a five-day truce and the evacuation of civilians after losing more territory including the Old City to a Syrian army offensive. The leaders of six major Western nations called for an immediate ceasefire in Aleppo and condemned Russia and Iran for supporting the Syrian government.
    (AFP, 12/7/16)(Reuters, 12/7/16)

2016        Dec 8, The Syrian army's advance in Aleppo slowed but a victory was still firmly in sight after President Bashar al-Assad vowed that retaking the nation's second city would change the course of the six-year civil war in his favor.
    (Reuters, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 8, Doctors Without Borders said 70 severely wounded Syrians, including 16 children, have been blocked from life-saving treatment since Jordan closed its border with Syria six months ago and that some have likely died.
    (AP, 12/8/16)

2016        Dec 9, Syrian warplanes launched fresh raids on the last rebel-held districts in Aleppo, as key regime ally Russia vowed the assault would continue until opposition fighters left the battleground city. The UN human rights office said hundreds of men from eastern Aleppo have gone missing after leaving rebel-held areas.
    (AFP, 12/9/16)(Reuters, 12/9/16)
2016        Dec 9, The Islamic State seized more territory from Syrian government forces near the ancient city of Palmyra in fierce clashes that raged for a second day. 49 Syrian soldiers were reported killed in the IS advance near Palmyra.
    (Reuters, 12/9/16)(AP, 12/9/16)

2016        Dec 10, In Syria hundreds more civilians fled what remained of the opposition's enclave in Aleppo as rebels and government forces exchanged artillery and mortar fire across the northern city.
    (AP, 12/10/16)
2016        Dec 10, Syria's military and Russian warplanes bombarded rebel-held districts of Aleppo as Damascus's allies said victory was near, but insurgents fought back and army advances halted after rapid gains during the week. Hundreds more civilians fled what remained of the opposition's enclave in Aleppo.
    (Reuters, 12/10/16)(AP, 12/10/16)
2016        Dec 10, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), a US-backed Arab-Kurdish alliance, announced "phase two" of its campaign for the Islamic State group's bastion of Raqa as Washington said it was sending 200 more troops to back the offensive.
    (AFP, 12/10/16)
2016        Dec 10, Turkey said its warplanes have destroyed 39 Islamic State targets and killed four militants in northern Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/10/16)

2016        Dec 11, The Syrian army and its allies made new gains in Aleppo, forcing rebels back into an ever shrinking pocket crammed with civilians, but lost control of the desert city of Palmyra to a swift Islamic State attack. Syria's state news agency said at least 4,000 people fled Aleppo today. The state TV channel said more than 70,000 of eastern Aleppo's estimated 275,000 residents have fled in recent days.
    (Reuters, 12/11/16)(AP, 12/11/16)

2016        Dec 12, A Syrian military official in Aleppo said the "operation in eastern neighborhoods is entering its final phase", as fierce clashes were reported in the few districts still under rebel control.
    (AFP, 12/12/16)
2016        Dec 12, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said there had been a suspected gas attack in Islamic State-held territory near Palmyra, amid heavy aerial bombardment of the same area which together killed at least 53 people.
    (Reuters, 12/12/16)

2016        Dec 13, The UN said Syrian pro-government forces executed 82 civilians in Aleppo including women and children as the crucial battle for the city neared its end.
    (AP, 12/13/16)

2016        Dec 14, In Syria a cease-fire deal between rebels and the government in the city of Aleppo effectively collapsed, with fighter jets resuming deadly air raids over the opposition's densely crowded enclave in the east of the city.
    (AP, 12/14/16)

2016        Dec 15, President Bashar al-Assad congratulated Syrians on the "liberation" of Aleppo, as civilians and fighters evacuated the last rebel pocket of the city.
    (AFP, 12/15/16)
2016        Dec 15, In Syria US-led coalition aircraft destroyed heavy weaponry seized by Islamic State jihadists when they retook the city of Palmyra from regime forces over the weekend.
    (AFP, 12/16/16)

2016        Dec 16, In Syria a blast in the Midan district of Damascus left at least one person dead. State television said a young girl of about nine years of age blew herself. The evacuation of eastern Aleppo stalled after an eruption of gunfire, as the Syrian government and rebels threw accusations at each other.
    (Reuters, 12/16/16)(AP, 12/16/16)

2016        Dec 17, Syrian rebels blamed Iran and its Shi'ite-backed militias of holding up a deal to evacuate civilians trapped in the remaining rebel bastion in Aleppo. Trapped civilians and rebels waited desperately for evacuations to resume as the Red Cross pleaded for a deal to "save thousands of lives".
    (Reuters, 12/17/16)(AFP, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 17, Turkey’s military said its warplanes have pounded Islamic State targets in northern Syria in the last 24 hours, killing at least 20 militants.
    (Reuters, 12/17/16)

2016        Dec 18, In Syria several buses en route to evacuate ill and injured people from the besieged villages of al-Foua and Kefraya were attacked and burned. Evacuations from Aleppo resumed this afternoon.
    (Reuters, 12/18/16)

2016        Dec 19, In Syria thousands were evacuated from the last rebel-held enclave of the Aleppo after a deal was reached to allow people to leave two besieged pro-government villages in nearby Idlib province.
    (Reuters, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 19, The UN Security Council approved the deployment of UN monitors to Aleppo as the evacuation of fighters and civilians from the last remaining opposition stronghold in the northern city resumed after days of delays.
    (AP, 12/19/16)

2016        Dec 20, In Syria President Bashar al-Assad's army closed in on the last rebel enclave in Aleppo. Russia, Iran and Turkey said they were ready to help broker a Syrian peace deal. They adopted a document they called the "Moscow Declaration", which set out the principles that any peace agreement should follow.
    (Reuters, 12/20/16)

2016        Dec 21, In Syria buses loaded with Syrian civilians have begun leaving the last rebel-held enclave of eastern Aleppo again, after being stalled for a day.
    (Reuters, 12/21/16)
2016        Dec 21, In northern Syria clashes escalated around the town of al-Bab with Turkish soldiers and 138 jihadists killed.
    (Reuters, 12/24/16)

2016        Dec 22, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said Russian air strikes in Syria have killed 35,000 rebel fighters since the start of operations there and prevented the collapse of the Syrian state.
    (Reuters, 12/22/16)
2016        Dec 22, Turkey's defense minister said the number of Turkish soldiers killed in recent attacks by Islamic State militants near the northern Syrian town of al-Bab has risen to 16, adding that three other soldiers were seriously wounded. He said a total of 35 Turkish soldiers have been killed since the start of Turkey-backed rebels' incursion into northern Syria that began on August 24.
    (Reuters, 12/22/16)
2016        Dec 22, The Islamic State released the video late today which purports to show the burning of two Turkish soldiers captured near the northern Syrian town of al-Bab. The two soldiers went missing in the area of al-Dana, northwest of al-Bab, in late November.
    (AP, 12/23/16)

2016        Dec 23, Syrian government airstrikes on villages near Aleppo killed three rebels.
    (AP, 12/24/16)
2016        Dec 23, Turkish warplanes pounded the extremist-held Syrian town of al-Bab.
    (AP, 12/23/16)

2016        Dec 24, In Syria an explosion rocked eastern Aleppo as some residents were returning to their homes after the government assumed full control of the city earlier this week. Two people were killed in a blast at an ammunitions warehouse formerly used by rebels. An airstrike on the town of Atareb, west of Aleppo, killed five people including a man, his daughter and daughter-in-law.
    (AP, 12/24/16)(AFP, 12/24/16)
2016        Dec 24, Turkey’s military said 68 Islamic State militants have been "neutralized" in fighting and air strikes near al-Bab over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 12/24/16)

2016        Dec 25, In Syria residents of Damascus faced their third consecutive day of water shortages, with authorities accusing "terrorist groups" of deliberately poisoning water resources.
    (AFP, 12/25/16)
2016        Dec 25, In Syria at least 30 civilians were killed and many others were wounded after Islamic State launched an attack in the town of al-Bab to prevent people from fleeing.
    (Reuters, 12/26/16)

2016        Dec 26, In Syria a US coalition airstrike killed Abu Jandal al-Kuwaiti, a member of Islamic State's war committee, by the Tabqa Dam, a strategic objective in Raqqa city.
    (Reuters, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 26, In Germany several hundred peace activists started what they say will be a months-long protest march from Berlin to war-ravaged Syria to urge an end to the fighting there.
    (AP, 12/26/16)
2016        Dec 26, Russia’s Defense Ministry said its troops have found mass graves in Syria’s Aleppo with bodies showing signs of torture and mutilation.
    (SFC, 12/27/16, p.A3)
2016        Dec 26, Saudi Arabia’s interior minister said more than 2,000 Saudis are fighting abroad with jihadist groups, with over 70 percent of them in Syria.
    (AFP, 12/26/16)

2016        Dec 27, In Syria a US-backed alliance of militias said it has made unexpectedly rapid gains against Islamic State near its Syrian headquarters in Raqqa, advancing to within a few kilometers of a major dam.
    (Reuters, 12/27/16)
2016        Dec 27, Russia said that a US decision to ease restrictions on arming Syrian rebels had opened the way for deliveries of shoulder-fired anti-aircraft missiles, a move it said would directly threaten Russian forces in Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/27/16)

2016        Dec 28, In eastern Syria air strikes carried out by unidentified aircraft killed at least 22 civilians, including 10 children, in a village held by the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 12/28/16)
2016        Dec 28, Turkish state media said Turkey and Russia have agreed a ceasefire for all of Syria that should come into force at midnight, but rebel groups said no such official truce had been agreed.
    (AFP, 12/28/16)

2016        Dec 29, Syria's army and key ally Russia announced a nationwide ceasefire to take effect at midnight, in a major potential breakthrough after nearly six years of civil war. The ceasefire did not include Islamic State or the Kurdish YPG militia.
    (AFP, 12/29/16)(Reuters, 12/29/16)
2016        Dec 29, Syrian Kurdish groups and their allies said they have approved a blueprint for a system of federal government in northern Syria, reaffirming their plans for autonomy in areas they have controlled during the civil war.
    (Reuters, 12/29/16)

2016        Dec 30, In western Syria clashes shelling and air raids marred a Russian- and Turkish-backed ceasefire. Syrian government warplanes carried out nearly 20 raids against rebels in several towns along the provincial boundary between Idlib and Hama. Warplanes and helicopters also struck northwest of Damascus in the rebel-held Wadi Barada valley, where government troops and allied forces clashed with rebels.
    (Reuters, 12/30/16)
2016        Dec 30, The Turkish military said Russian fighter jets have hit three Islamic State targets around the northern Syrian town of al-Bab over the past 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 12/30/16)

2016        Dec 31, Syrian rebel groups threatened to abandon a two-day-old truce if violations continued, and urged the UN Security Council not to endorse the deal until the Syrian government and its ally Russia had shown they would respect it.
    (Reuters, 12/31/16)

2016        David Kilcullen authored “Blood Year: Islamic State and the Failures of the War on Terror."
    (Econ, 3/19/16, p.89)
2016        The UN paid at least $18 million this year to companies with close ties to Syria’s Pres. Bashar Assad.
    (SFC, 8/2/17, p.A2)

2017        Jan 1, Syrian government warplanes resumed their bombardment of the rebel-held Wadi Barada valley northwest of Damascus after nearly 24 hours with no air raids. A monitoring group and rebels said Russian- and Turkish-backed ceasefire largely held in other areas on its third day.
    (Reuters, 1/1/17)
2017        Jan 1, In northwestern Syria an air raid late today struck several cars killing at least eight people, including al-Qaida-linked fighters and a senior commander with a Chinese Islamic militant faction. The dead included a senior al-Qaida commander known as Khattab al-Qahtani, who was from the Gulf region and fought for the group in Afghanistan. Abu Omar al-Turkistani, a top commander with the Turkistan Islamic Party, and a Syrian al-Qaida commander known as Abu Muatasem al-Deiri, were also killed.
    (AP, 1/2/17)

2017        Jan 2, Syria's army advanced as it battled to capture a rebel region that is key to the capital's water supply, launching strikes and artillery fire threatening a fragile nationwide truce.
    (AFP, 1/2/17)
2017        Jan 2, Ten Syrian rebel factions suspended talks on new peace negotiations, accusing President Bashar al-Assad's regime of violating a four-day-old ceasefire with attacks near Damascus.
    (AFP, 1/3/17)(SFC, 1/4/17, p.A2)

2017        Jan 5, In Syria the Jabar citadel on the banks of Lake Assad was taken by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) alliance.
    (Reuters, 1/6/17)
2017        Jan 5, In Syria at least ten people were killed in a car blast in the coastal province of Latakia where two Russian bases are located.
    (Reuters, 1/5/17)

2017        Jan 6, In Syria an air strike killed Sheikh Younes Shoueib, a member of Jabhat Fateh al-Sham group and its shura council, and his son. The group accused the US-led coalition of carrying out the strike.
    (Reuters, 1/6/17)
2017        Jan 6, Lebanese group Hezbollah said a temporary ceasefire has been agreed in a rebel-held area near Damascus which Syrian government forces and their allies are trying to recapture from insurgents.
    (Reuters, 1/6/17)
2017        Jan 6, Russia's military said it has begun scaling down its deployment to Syria, as the regime intensified its bombardment of a rebel-held district home to the capital's main water source.
    (AFP, 1/6/17)

2017        Jan 7, In Syria at least 48 people were killed when a tanker truck bomb ripped through the center of a busy commercial district of Azaz, a rebel-held town along the Turkish border.
    (AFP, 1/7/17)

2017        Jan 8, In Syria a car bomb exploded in a government-held area outside Damascus, killing at least five people and wounding 15. The al-Qaida-linked Fatah al-Sham Front claimed the attack.
    (AP, 1/8/17)

2017        Jan 10, Gunmen in Syria abducted Shiraaz Mohamed, a South African freelance photographer who was traveling with aid workers to the border with Turkey.
    (AP, 1/14/17)

2017        Jan 11, In northern Syria airstrikes in Idlib province killed at least 10 suspected al-Qaida-linked militants. Airstrikes resumed on a Damascus suburb despite the cease-fire, killing at least one woman and injuring several others.
    (AP, 1/11/17)

2017        Jan 12, The United States blacklisted 18 senior Syrian officials it said were connected to the country's weapons of mass destruction program, after an international investigation found Syrian government forces were responsible for chlorine gas attacks against civilians.
    (Reuters, 1/12/17)

2017        Jan 13, Syria's army and its allies advanced near Damascus. The region's governor said rebels had let engineers enter a damaged pumping station that supplies most of the capital's water.
    (Reuters, 1/13/17)
2017        Jan 13, Syria accused Israel of firing missiles early today that landed near a military base west of Damascus.
    (SFC, 1/14/17, p.A2)

2017        Jan 14, In Syria the Islamic State group launched one of its fiercest assaults yet on the besieged city of Deir Ezzor, leaving more than 30 regime fighters and jihadists dead.
    (AFP, 1/14/17)

2017        Jan 15, Syrian government forces shelled a village in a rebel-controlled area near Damascus, killing at least 12 civilians and injuring several others who were taking shelter in a banquet hall. In eastern Syria, Islamic State group militants kept up their offensive on government-held areas of the contested city of Deir el-Zour, attacking a military air base from several fronts.
    (AP, 1/15/17)

2017        Jan 16, In Syria the Islamic State continued its fiercest assault in a year against a besieged government enclave in the city of Deir al-Zor, trying to cut it off from a nearby military air base. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said that at least 82 people had been killed.
    (Reuters, 1/16/17)

2017        Jan 17, In Syria Russian warplanes carried out air strikes on Islamic State targets south of al-Bab in coordination with Turkey.
    (Reuters, 1/18/17)
2017        Jan 17, In Iran five memorandums of understanding were signed at a ceremony attended by Syrian PM Emad Khamis and Iranian VP Eshaq Jahangiri in Tehran. Iran will be granted a license to become a mobile service operator in Syria under agreements to expand economic ties between the countries.
    (Reuters, 1/17/17)

2017        Jan 18, Syria and Russia signed an agreement allowing Russia to significantly expand its naval facility in the Mediterranean port of Tartus and keep using it for 49 years.
    (AP, 1/20/17)

2017        Jan 19, In Syria shells slammed into the city of Aleppo, killing two people as thousands of government supporters gathered in a main square nearby to celebrate last month's capture of the city's eastern neighborhoods from rebels. The Islamic State killed 12 people in Palmyra by shooting and beheading them.
    (AP, 1/19/17)(SFC, 1/20/17, p.A2)
2017        Jan 19, In Syria US warplanes bombed an al-Qaida training camp killing more than 100 militants in Idlib province.
    (SFC, 1/21/17, p.A6)

2017        Jan 20, The Syrian government and experts said Islamic State militants have destroyed parts of the second-century Roman amphitheater and an iconic monument known as the Tetrapylon in the historic town of Palmyra.
    (AP, 1/20/17)
2017        Jan 20, In northern Syria the Islamic State group killed five Turkish soldiers and wounded nine others in a car bomb attack in the village of Sulfaniyeh, near Al-Bab.
    (AP, 1/20/17)
2017        Jan 20, Germany said its diplomats have helped broker a ceasefire between the Syrian government and rebel forces in a mountainous valley near Damascus, a deal designed to restore water supplies to the capital.
    (Reuters, 1/20/17)

2017        Jan 21, In Syria a car bomb blast killed at least seven civilians at the Rukban camp for displaced Syrians by the border with Jordan.
    (AFP, 1/21/17)(SSFC, 1/22/17, p.A4)
2017        Jan 21, In Syria six Russian warplanes carried out airstrikes on Islamic State targets in Syrian province of Deir ez-Zor.
    (Reuters, 1/21/17)

2017        Jan 22, In Syria US-led coalition jets conducted 14 air strikes near Deir al-Zour.
    (Reuters, 1/23/17)

2017        Jan 23, In Syria Russian jets pounded Islamic State in the eastern province of Deir al-Zor, seeking to thwart a full-blown assault by the militants against the last district in the region still held by the Damascus government.
    (Reuters, 1/23/17)
2017        Jan 23, In Syria Fatah al-Sham fighters surrounded the offices in Idlib province belonging to one of the rebel groups that had sent representatives to Astana, the US-backed Jaish al-Mujadeen, and hours later, forced its fighters to surrender. The fighting quickly escalated to include other groups, leading to fierce clashes between Fatah al-Sham and more moderate factions.
    (AP, 2/6/17)
2017        Jan 23, In Kazakhstan indirect 2-day talks began in Astana between the Syrian government and rebels. The talks were hosted by Russia, Turkey and Iran.
    (Reuters, 1/23/17)(Econ, 1/28/17, p.39)

2017        Jan 24, In northwest Syria heavy fighting erupted between the jihadist group Jabhat Fateh al-Sham and Free Syrian Army factions who were represented at the Astana talks.
    (Reuters, 1/24/17)
2017        Jan 24, In Kazakhstan Russia, Turkey and Iran backed a shaky truce between Syria's warring parties and agreed to monitor its compliance. On the ground rebels faced continued fighting on two fronts, which could undermine the deal.
    (Reuters, 1/24/17)
2017        Jan 24, The Russian military says its bombers have struck Islamic State positions in the province of Deir el-Zour in the third such raid in four days.
    (AP, 1/24/17)
2017        Jan 24, Turkey said it would not hand over al-Bab to Syrian forces after driving out Islamic State. The Turkish-backed rebels are closer to doing so than the Syrian army, having already reached the town's outskirts.
    (Reuters, 1/25/17)

2017        Jan 25, Syrian government forces and their allies drove Islamic State militants out of several villages northeast of Aleppo over the last 24 hours. One Turkish soldier was killed and five were wounded in a clash with Islamic State militants near al-Bab.
    (Reuters, 1/25/17)
2017        Jan 25, In Syria six long-range Russian bombers struck Islamic State targets in Deir al-Zor province.
    (Reuters, 1/25/17)

2017        Jan 26, Syrian Islamist rebel group Ahrar al-Sham said six other rebel factions had joined its ranks in northwestern Syria in order to fend off a major assault by a powerful jihadist group. Fateh al-Sham, once allied with al Qaeda and formerly known as the Nusra Front clashed with fighters from Ahrar al-Sham and Suqour al-Sham in the northern rebel stronghold of Idlib province.
    (Reuters, 1/26/17)

2017        Jan 28, Syria's army entered Ain al-Fijeh, a key water pumping station outside the capital, for the first time in four years after a deal with rebels.
    (AFP, 1/28/17)
2017        Jan 28, Several Syrian Islamist factions including al Qaeda's former branch in the country said they were joining forces, as clashes between jihadists and more moderate rebels raged on in northwestern areas.
    (Reuters, 1/28/17)

2017        Jan 29, Syrian state-controlled TV said rebels have begun to evacuate Barada Valley as part of an agreement to surrender the capital region's primary water source to government control.
    (AP, 1/29/17)
2017        Jan 29, In northern Syria a Turkish soldier was killed in clashes with Islamic State militants near al-Bab.
    (Reuters, 1/29/17)
2017        Jan 29, President Trump and Saudi Arabia's King Salman came to an agreement to support safe zones in Syria and Yemen while strengthening efforts to fight the spread of Islamic terrorism.
    (CSM, 1/30/17)

2017        Jan 30, Syria warned of safe zones for civilians that US President Donald Trump has expressed interest in creating, saying it would have to come in coordination with the Syrian government, otherwise it would be unsafe and violate the Arab nation's sovereignty.
    (AP, 1/30/17)
2017        Jan 30, In Syria six long-range Russian bombers launched an air strike against Islamic State positions in Deir al-Zor province, destroying two command points and several arms storehouses.
    (Reuters, 1/30/17)

2017        Jan 31, A US official confirmed that the United States has provided Syrian fighters battling the Islamic State group with armored vehicles for the first time. A US-backed alliance of Syrian militias said it saw signs of increased US support for their campaign against Islamic State with President Donald Trump in office, a shift that would heighten Turkish worries over Kurdish power in Syria.
    (AFP, 1/31/17)(Reuters, 1/31/17)

2017        Feb 1, In Syria air strikes hit Red Crescent offices in the northwestern city of Idlib after midnight, injuring several staff and causing extensive damage.
    (Reuters, 2/1/17)

2017        Feb 2, Syria's military said it had captured a string of towns and part of a key highway from the Islamic State group in the northern province of Aleppo.
    (AFP, 2/2/17)
2017        Feb 2, The US military said 11 civilians were killed in four separate air strikes by the US-led coalition fighting Islamic State in Iraq and Syria between Oct. 25 and Dec. 9.
    (Reuters, 2/2/17)

2017        Feb 3, In northwestern Syria unidentified air strikes killed at least 12 Islamist rebel fighters in Idlib province.
    (Reuters, 2/3/17)

2017        Feb 4, In Syria an alliance of US-backed Kurdish-led militias started a new phase of its campaign against the Islamic State-held city of Raqqa, aiming to complete its encirclement and sever the road to militant strongholds in Deir al-Zor province.
    (Reuters, 2/4/17)(SSFC, 2/5/17, p.A4)
2017        Feb 4, The Turkish military said it has hit 59 Islamic State targets and killed 51 militants in northern Syria as part of its ongoing incursion.
    (Reuters, 2/4/17)

2017        Feb 6, Syrian government forces advanced on the northern Islamic State-held city of al-Bab, cutting off the last supply route that connects it to militant strongholds further east towards Iraq.
    (Reuters, 2/6/17)

2017        Feb 7, In Syria air strikes on Al-Qaeda's former affiliate killed 26 people including 16 civilians in Idlib city. The headquarters of Fateh al-Sham Front and the surrounding neighborhood were battered by at least 10 strikes at dawn.
    (AFP, 2/7/17)
2017        Feb 7, Amnesty International accused Syria's government of hanging up to 13,000 people at a notorious prison over five years in a "policy of extermination", between 2011 and 2015. The damning report was titled "Human Slaughterhouse: Mass hanging and extermination at Saydnaya prison".
    (AFP, 2/7/17)

2017        Feb 8, Syrian government jets bombed a rebel-held district of Homs city in the west of the country, killing at least nine people.
    (Reuters, 2/8/17)(AP, 2/8/17)
2017        Feb 8, Turkey said Syrian rebels backed by the Turkish military have captured the outskirts of the Islamic State-held city of al-Bab in northern Syria.
    (Reuters, 2/8/17)
2017        Feb 8, Turkish presidency sources said President Tayyip Erdogan and US President Donald Trump agreed in an overnight phone call on joint action against Islamic State in the Syrian towns of Raqqa and al-Bab, both held by the militants.
    (Reuters, 2/8/17)

2017        Feb 9, In northern Syria a Russian warplane "accidentally" hit a building on with Turkish soldiers inside, killing at least three troops and wounding 11 near al-Bab. Russia intervened to halt a clash between Syrian government forces and Turkey-backed Syrian rebels, the first confrontation between them as both sides fight Islamic State in the area.
    (AP, 2/9/17)(Reuters, 2/10/17)

2017        Feb 11, In northern Syria Turkish troops and Syrian rebels entered the Islamic State-held town of Al-Bab, as government forces moved closer to the jihadist bastion. one Turkish soldier was killed and another wounded in clashes with IS fighters.
    (AFP, 2/11/17)

2017        Feb 12, Syria's opposition announced its 21-member delegation, including 10 rebel representatives, for a new round of UN-sponsored peace talks in Geneva scheduled for February 20.
    (AFP, 2/12/17)
2017        Feb 12, Turkey's president said his troops and allied Syrian fighters have reached the heart of the Islamic State stronghold of al-Bab in northern Syria and will eventually march on the extremists' de facto capital, Raqqa.
    (AP, 2/12/17)

2017        Feb 13, Syrian jihadists seen as close to Islamic State battled a rival hardline Islamist faction in northwestern Syria.
    (Reuters, 2/13/17)

2017        Feb 14, In northwestern Syria two days of fighting left 69 fighters dead, including 39 from the Levant Liberation Committee and 30 dead from Jund al-Aqsa, including four suicide attackers who blew up vehicles that they were driving.
    (AP, 2/14/17)
2017        Feb 14, Turkish PM Binali Yildirim said Turkey-backed rebels have largely taken control of Syria's al-Bab from Islamic State militants, but a war monitoring group said the jihadists still controlled most of the town.
    (Reuters, 2/14/17)

2017        Feb 16, In Syria four Russian servicemen were killed when they their vehicle was struck by a roadside in the center of the country. The loss raised the total Russian combat casualties so far in Syria's war to 27.
    (AP, 2/20/17)
2017        Feb 16, In Kazakhstan Syrian government officials sat face-to-face with rebels for the second time in three weeks, as diplomats stepped up efforts to lay the groundwork for UN-brokered peace talks next week.
    (AP, 2/16/17)

2017        Feb 17, Turkey's military said it was close to taking Syria's al-Bab from Islamic State, but a war monitor said the jihadists still controlled 90 percent of the town itself and that shelling and air strikes had killed dozens of civilians in recent days. Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said Turkish shelling and air strikes had killed 45 civilians, including 18 children, during the past 48 hours.
    (Reuters, 2/17/17)

2017        Feb 18, Syrian warplanes bombarded a besieged rebel-held district of Homs, killing at least two people and raising the death toll from nearly two weeks of air strikes there to more than 20. Warplanes also hit insurgent-controlled areas in Deraa in southern Syria during a series of heavy raids over the last day.
    (Reuters, 2/18/17)

2017        Feb 18, In northern Syria a US-backed predominantly Kurdish force captured the village of Jawees in an ongoing move to close in on the Islamic State de facto capital of Raqqa.
    (SSFC, 2/19/17, p.A2)

2017        Feb 19, Syrian government forces fired rockets at a rebel-held area on Damascus's outskirts, pressing an attack that began the day before and has killed up to 16 people.
    (Reuters, 2/19/17)

2017        Feb 20, Syrian government forces escalated their bombing campaign around Damascus, raining shells down on rebel territory and sending out a "bloody message" just days before renewed peace talks in Geneva. At least 7 people were reported killed.
    (AFP, 2/20/17)
2017        Feb 20, In northern Syria 11 members of the same family were killed on as Turkey-backed Syrian rebels advanced on the town of Al-Bab held by Islamic State jihadists.
    (AFP, 2/20/17)

2017        Feb 21, The Washington-based Syria Institute accused the Syrian government of depopulating Sunni-majority areas in Homs as it fights to consolidate its power.
    (AP, 2/21/17)

2017        Feb 22, The Syrian army and its allies took a small district on the outskirts of Aleppo from rebels.
    (Reuters, 2/22/17)

2017        Feb 23, Syrian jets bombed rebel-held areas of Aleppo, Deraa and Hama provinces and insurgents fired rockets at government targets, just as peace talks were set to resume in Geneva.
    (Reuters, 2/23/17)
2017        Feb 23, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said IS fighters were still present in parts of Al-Bab and that rebels were in control of less than half of it. Turkish-backed Syrian rebels said they had fully captured the town of Al-Bab from the Islamic State group, marking a key defeat for the jihadists after weeks of heavy fighting.
    (AFP, 2/23/17)
2017        Feb 23, Syrian peace talks under the auspices of the United Nations resumed in Geneva, 10 months after falling apart over escalating bloodshed in the war-torn country. The UN's Syria envoy met rival negotiators, but even getting them into the same room appeared uncertain as hopes remained slim for a breakthrough.
    (AP, 2/23/17)(AFP, 2/23/17)

2017        Feb 24, In Syria an Islamic State car bomb killed 51 people in the village of Sousian held by rebels. A second blast took place 2 km south of Sousian later today.
    (Reuters, 2/24/17)(AFP, 2/24/17)
2017        Feb 24, Two Turkish soldiers were killed while clearing mines in the town of Tadef south of al-Bab, Syria.
    (Reuters, 2/24/17)
2017        Feb 24, Iraq's PM Haider al-Abbadi said he had ordered the Iraqi air force to strike Islamic State positions inside Syria in retaliation for recent bomb attacks in Baghdad.
    (Reuters, 2/24/17)

2017        Feb 25, In Syria a suicide assault on two security service bases in of Homs killing at least 32 people, including General Hassan Daabul, a top intelligence chief.
    (AFP, 2/25/17)(SSFC, 2/26/17, p.A8)

2017        Feb 26, The Syrian army and its allies made a sudden advance into areas held by Islamic State in northwest Syria, as the jihadist group retreated after losing the city of al-Bab to Turkey-backed rebels. Government warplanes pounded a rebel-held neighborhood in the central city of Homs, killing at least three and wounding dozens. A top al-Qaeda official was reportedly killed in an airstrike in Idlib province.
    (Reuters, 2/26/17)(AP, 2/26/17)(AP, 2/27/17)
2017        Feb 26, Syrian activists called for the Assad government to engage in serious talks on political transition and for the United Nations to strengthen the fragile ceasefire as violence engulfed parts of the country.
    (Reuters, 2/26/17)
2017        Feb 26, In northwestern Syrian a Hellfire missile fired by a CIA drone killed senior al-Qaeda leader Abu al-Khayr al-Masri (59), a son-in-law of Osama bin Laden, while he was riding in a car near Idlib.
    (Reuters, 2/3/17)(Econ, 3/18/17, p.24)
2017        Feb 26, At the Hollywood 89th Academy Awards the film "The White Helmets," a focus on the Syrian Civil Defense, won the best documentary award.
    (AP, 2/27/17)

2017        Feb 27, Syrian government or Russian airstrikes on the rebel-held Idlib province killed at least 11 people. Government forces seized territory from the Islamic State group on several fronts in the country's north.
    (AP, 2/27/17)(AFP, 2/27/17)

2017        Feb 28, Syrian government forces and their allies from the Lebanese militant group Hezbollah reached the outskirts of Palmyra in their push to drive Islamic State militants from the ancient town.
    (AP, 2/28/17)
2017        Feb 28, China and Russia vetoed a UN Security Council resolution that would have imposed new sanctions on Syria for using chemical weapons against its own citizens.
    (SFC, 3/1/17, p.A3)

2017        Mar 1, In northern Syria the Turkish army and allied Syrian rebels attacked villages held by US-allied militias near the city of Manbij. Russian-backed Syrian government forces and their allies recaptured the historic Palmyra citadel, on the city's western outskirts, from Islamic State fighters.
    (Reuters, 3/1/17)
2017        Mar 1, UN investigators said both sides in the battle for Aleppo committed war crimes, including Syrian government aircraft that "deliberately" bombed and strafed a humanitarian convoy, killing 14 aid workers and halting relief operations. Their report said Syrian and Russian forces conducted daily air strikes on rebel-held eastern Aleppo between July and its fall on December 22, killing hundreds and destroying hospitals.
    (Reuters, 3/1/17)

2017        Mar 2, Syrian troops backed by Russian jets completed the recapture of the historic city of Palmyra from the Islamic State group. Fighters of the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) announced they would cede several villages to the government as part of a deal brokered by Russia to avoid conflict with Turkey.
    (AFP, 3/2/17)
2017        Mar 2, Syrian warplanes carried out eight air strikes in a rebel-held district of the mostly government-controlled city of Homs. The air strikes killed two civilians and wounded more than 24 people in al-Waer, as UN-sponsored peace talks continued in Geneva.
    (Reuters, 3/2/17)
2017        Mar 2, Germany arrested two Syrians suspected of being members of the Al-Nusra Front. Federal prosecutors said Abdalfatah H.A. (35) is suspected of war crimes over the killing of 36 Syrian government employees by his unit in 2013. Abdulrahman A.A. (26) belong to the same combat unit.
    (SFC, 3/3/17, p.A2)

2017        Mar 4, Syrian government forces supported by Russian air power and artillery seizing eight more northern villages today and around 90 villages since mid-January. Tens of thousands of Syrian civilians have fled the ferocious fighting against Islamic State group jihadists over the past week. At least 11 civilians were killed and dozens more wounded in air strikes on the village of Oqayrabat village, Hama province, that a monitor said were likely carried out by Russia.
    (AFP, 3/4/17)
2017        Mar 4, A Syrian military jet crashed in Turkey’s southern border province of Hatay. The pilot was rescued after a nine hour search and had "a few" broken bones and was receiving treatment at a local hospital, but wasn't in critical condition.
    (AP, 3/5/17)

2017        Mar 5, The UN said tens of thousands of civilians have fled offensives against the Islamic State group in Iraq and Syria, where the jihadists are battling to keep what remains of their territory.
    (AFP, 3/5/17)

2017        Mar 6, In Syria US-backed militias cut the last main road out of Islamic State-held Raqqa, severing the highway between the group's de facto capital and its stronghold of Deir al-Zor province.
    (Reuters, 3/6/17)
2017        Mar 6, US Pres. Donald Trump signed a revised executive order temporarily banning people from six Muslim-majority countries (Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen). The revision would become effective on March 16.
    (SFC, 3/7/17, p.A1)(Econ, 3/11/17, p.29)

2017        Mar 7, In Turkey the top generals of the Turkish, Russian and US military met in Antalya in a bid to step up coordination in Syria and avoid clashes between rival forces in the fight against IS.
    (AFP, 3/7/17)

2017        Mar 8, In Syria warplanes bombed a rebel-held area east of Damascus where Russia declared a ceasefire until March 20 less than 24 hours earlier.
    (Reuters, 3/8/17)
2017        Mar 8, US-based Mercy Corps, one of the largest humanitarian organizations delivering aid to Syria, said Turkey has ordered it to immediately shut down its Turkish operations.
    (Reuters, 3/8/17)

2017        Mar 9, In Syria air strikes, believed to belong to the US-led coalition against the Islamic State militants, killed 23 civilians, including eight children, in countryside around the northern city of Raqqa.
    (Reuters, 3/9/17)

2017        Mar 10, A Vatican spokeswoman said in a statement that Pope Francis has sent 100,000 euros ($106,090) to the poor in the ravaged Syrian city of Aleppo.
    (Reuters, 3/10/17)

2017        Mar 11, In Syria twin blasts hit the center of Damascus killing at least 40 people. Two suicide bombers carried out the attack. The next day the death toll was soon raised to 74. The Levant Liberation Committee said it was responsible for the two suicide attacks. The former Al-Qaeda affiliate Fateh al-Sham Front also claimed responsibility.
    (Reuters, 3/11/17)(AFP, 3/12/17)(SFC, 3/13/17, p.A2)
2017        Mar 11, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said 300 families of Islamic State group fighters have fled the jihadists' self-proclaimed capital of Raqa over the last 24 hours, as rival forces advance on the city.
    (AFP, 3/11/17)

2017        Mar 13, A Syrian official said opposition fighters will be allowed to leave the last rebel-held neighborhood in the city of Homs under a Russia-backed deal signed today. The deal is to be carried out within six to eight weeks.
    (AP, 3/13/17)
2017        Mar 13, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said it had documented the deaths of more than 321,000 people since the start of the war six years ago and more than 145,000 others had been reported as missing.
    (Reuters, 3/13/17)

2017        Mar 14, Russian-led peace talks on Syria were derailed as rebels backed by Turkey boycotted a third round of meetings in Kazakhstan and the Kremlin indicated there were international divisions over the process.
    (Reuters, 3/14/17)
2017        Mar 14, The UN Independent International Commission of Inquiry on Syria said Syria's air force deliberately bombed water sources in December, a war crime that cut off water for 5.5 million people in and around the capital Damascus. The UN investigative commission also said it believes government forces deliberately bombed a school complex in the country's northern countryside in October, killing 21 children.
    (Reuters, 3/14/17)(AP, 3/14/17)

2017        Mar 15, In Syria two suicide bomb attacks killed at least 31 people and wounded dozens more in Damascus, in the second such spate of bombings in the Syrian capital in five days. Sixteen lawyers were among the dozens killed in the suicide attack that struck the main judicial building in Damascus.
    (Reuters, 3/15/17)(AP, 3/16/17)

2017        Mar 16, In Syria a suspected US airstrike late today struck the Omar Ibn al-Khattab Mosque in the Jeeneh district in Aleppo province, killing at least 40 people and wounded many others.
    (AP, 3/17/17)

2017        Mar 17, Israeli warplanes struck several targets in Syria overnight, prompting retaliatory missile launches, in the most serious incident between the two countries since the Syrian civil war began six years ago.
    (AFP, 3/17/17)

2017        Mar 18, In Syria nearly 1,500 people, mostly civilians, left the last opposition-held district of Homs under a controversial Russian-supervised deal to bring the city under full government control.
    (AFP, 3/18/17)

2017        Mar 19, In Syria fierce clashes broke out in Damascus after insurgents infiltrated government-held parts of the eastern side of the city through tunnels overnight.
    (AP, 3/19/17)
2017        Mar 19, Russia concluded an agreement with the Syrian Kurdish YPG militia to set up a military base in northwestern Syria. Russia will be training YPG fighters, who control the area, as part of the fight against terrorism.
    (Reuters, 3/20/17)

2017        Mar 20, The European Union said it is slapping sanctions on four high-ranking military officials in Syria over the use of chemical weapons in the war-torn country.
    (AP, 3/20/17)

2017        Mar 21, Syrian rebels stormed a government-held area in northeastern Damascus for the second time in three days, the opposition's first such large scale foray in over four years inside the capital.
    (Reuters, 3/21/17)
2017        Mar 21, In Syria a US airstrike leveled a school near the IS-held city of Raqqa, where some 50 displaced families had sought refuge. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said 33 bodies had been pulled from the rubble.
    (AP, 3/22/17)

2017        Mar 22, The Syrian army sent reinforcements to face a major rebel offensive in Hama province, as insurgents pressed an attack in a western area critically important to President Bashar al-Assad.
    (Reuters, 3/22/17)
2017        Mar 22, In Syria US aircraft ferried Syrian Kurdish fighters and allied forces behind Islamic State lines to spearhead an assault on a strategic town belonging to the extremist group outside its de facto capital, Raqqa.
    (AP, 3/22/17)
2017        Mar 22, Turkey fired into Kurdish-controlled Syria after saying one of its soldiers was killed in Hatay province by a sniper from across the border in Afrin.
    (Reuters, 3/22/17)

2017        Mar 23, Syrian government forces besieged Deir Hafer, the last Islamic State stronghold in the northern province of Aleppo, weeks after launching an offensive to retake the entire province.
    (AP, 3/23/17)

2017        Mar 24, In Syria US-backed local forces fighting Islamic State reached one side of the Tabqa dam, about 40 km (25 miles) west of Raqqa, one of the top prizes in their campaign to drive the jihadist group from Raqqa city.
    (Reuters, 3/24/17)
2017        Mar 24, In Syria an air attack late today struck a prison run by militants, killing at least 16 people including prisoners and prison staff in Idlib city. Some people were killed by gunfire as prison guards chased detainees who tried to flee after the attack.
    (AP, 3/25/17)
2017        Mar 24, Five children were among 11 Syrians killed after their plastic boat sank off Turkey's Aegean coast.
    (Reuters, 3/24/17)
2017        Mar 24, The United States State Department said it has imposed sanctions on 30 foreign companies or individuals for transferring sensitive technology to Iran for its missile program or for violating export controls on Iran, North Korea and Syria.
    (Reuters, 3/24/17)

2017        Mar 25, In Syria airstrikes hit a main street in the Damascus suburb of Hamouriyeh killing at least 16 people and wounded more than 50. Airstrikes in Idlib province hit several towns and villages as well as the provincial capital the carries the same name. Syria's army and its allies retook a village near Hama, as the government tried to turn back a major insurgent offensive.
    (AP, 3/25/17)(Reuters, 3/25/17)

2017        Mar 26, In Syria the Islamic State group ordered residents to evacuate the city of Raqqa following reports that a dam contested by US-backed forces upstream on the Euphrates River could collapse.
    (AP, 3/26/17)
2017        Mar 26, In Syria a Kurdish and Arab Syrian militia backed by the United States said it has captured the town of Karama and the capture of the Tabqa air base, 28 miles west of Raqqa. They planned an assault on the Islamic State stronghold of Raqqa in early April.
    (Reuters, 3/26/17)(SFC, 3/27/17, p.A3)

2017        Mar 27, In Syria hundreds of rebels left their last bastion in Homs city, resuming an evacuation expected to be among the largest of its kind under a Russian-backed deal with the government.
    (Reuters, 3/27/17)

2017        Mar 28, In Syria the Islamic State group launched a counter-attack to fend off a US-backed advance around the Tabqa airbase near the jihadists' stronghold Raqa. The SDF held back the attack and managed to seize some ammunition and rocket stores.
    (AFP, 3/28/17)

2017        Mar 29, In Syria a bomb blast hit a passenger bus in the government-held city of Homs at noon, killing five people and wounding six.
    (Reuters, 3/29/17)

2017        Mar 30, In Syria Russian warplanes pounded rebel-held areas north of the city of Hama in an escalation of air strikes, as government forces fought to reverse the insurgents' biggest assault in months.
    (Reuters, 3/30/17)
2017        Mar 30, The UN refugee agency said the number of Syrians who have fled their country after six years of civil war has surpassed the 5-million mark.
    (AP, 3/30/17)

2017        Apr 1, Turkey's foreign minister said tens of thousands of displaced Syrians and refugees have returned to an area controlled by Turkey and Turkish-backed opposition fighters in northern Syria. US-backed Kurdish-led fighters pressed their offensive in the north near a town held by the Islamic State group.
    (AP, 4/1/17)

2017        Apr 2, In Syria US backed forces repelled a major counter-attack by Islamic State militants holding out at the country's largest dam and in the nearby town of Tabqa. Dozens of their fighters were reported killed. Hundreds of families with their cattle, property, motor bikes and vans continued to flee from villages under Islamic State control.
    (Reuters, 4/2/17)
2017        Apr 2, In Syria rebels said jets believed to be Russian hit a northwestern outpost run by moderate rebel forces, killing at least one fighter and wounding several people. War jets also believed to be Russian also struck Urum al Kubra town in rebel-held western Aleppo countryside where five civilians were killed.
    (Reuters, 4/2/17)

2017        Apr 3, Syrian government forces intensified their bombardment of opposition-held areas around Damascus and the central city of Hama, as they pushed to erase battlefield advances made by insurgents in March.
    (AP, 4/3/17)
2017        Apr 3, Venezuelan authorities said they've arrested six officials for taking bribes to issue identification documents to Syrians.
    (AP, 4/4/17)

2017        Apr 4, A suspected Syrian government chemical attack killed 87 people, including 20 children the town of town of Khan Sheikhoun, Idlib province. A Syrian military source denied the army had used any such weapons. 92 people were later identified as victims of exposure to sarin. The UN later said the Syria government had used nerve agents in four chemical weapons attacks since December. It was later reported that Russians had warning of the attack and then bombed the hospital to which victims had been sent to destroy evidence.
    (AFP, 4/4/17)(AFP, 4/5/17)(SSFC, 4/9/17, p.A5)(AFP, 4/26/17)(SFC, 5/2/17, p.A3)(Econ, 4/15/17, p.21)   
2017        Apr 4, Britain said it has allocated 1 billion pounds ($1.24 billion), including 160 million pounds of new money, to help Syrian refugees displaced by six years of civil war and countries that host them.
    (Reuters, 4/4/17)
2017        Apr 4, Spanish police investigating a money laundering case involving former Syrian vice president Rifaat Assad, the exiled uncle of Syria's current leader, raided properties and blocked dozens of bank accounts belonging or linked to him and his relatives. Over 500 properties were ordered seized. Most of the properties are located in Puerto Banus, a luxury marina in Costa del Sol. The property stock, valued at 691 million euros ($735 million), includes a 33-square km (12.7 sq. mile) estate valued at 60 million euros.
    (AP, 4/4/17)

2017        Apr 5, In Syria US-backed fighters laid siege to the northern town of Tabqa, an Islamic State stronghold. IS militants killed 33 young men in eastern Syria, close to the border with Iraq, according to Syrian opposition activists.
    (AP, 4/6/17)

2017        Apr 6, France's foreign minister called for the prosecution of President Bashar Assad's government amid growing international outrage over the April 4 assault in Syria's Idlib province that activists say killed 86 people.
    (AP, 4/6/17)
2017        Apr 6, Turkey said that autopsies of Syrian victims from the April 4 assault in Syria's Idlib province show they were subjected to chemical weapons. Russia's Defense Ministry said the toxic agents were released when a Syrian airstrike hit a rebel chemical weapons arsenal and munitions factory on the town's eastern outskirts.
    (AP, 4/6/17)
2017        Apr 6, Pres. Trump announced a missile barrage on an air base in Syria in retaliation against Syrian President Bashar Assad for a chemical weapons attack against civilians caught up in his country's long civil war. US officials informed Russian forces ahead of the strikes.
    (AP, 4/7/17)(Reuters, 4/7/17)

2017        Apr 7, The US blasted Syria’s Shayrat air base early today (local time) with a barrage of cruise missiles in fiery retaliation for this week's gruesome chemical weapons attack against civilians. 58 of 59 missiles struck their intended targets. Seven people were reported killed.
    (AP, 4/7/17)
2017        Apr 7, Russian PM Dmitry Medvedev complained that US cruise missile strikes on a Syrian airbase were one step away from clashing with the Russian military. Russia the US-led coalition of its intent to suspend a communication channel for avoiding air accidents in the crowded airspace over Syria.
    (Reuters, 4/7/17)

2017        Apr 8, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said an air strike believed to have been carried out by the US-led coalition against Islamic State killed 15 people including four children in a village west of the jihadists' stronghold of Raqqa.
    (Reuters, 4/8/17)
2017        Apr 8, Syrian or Russian warplanes dropped incendiary bombs on areas of Idlib and Hama provinces just days after a deadly gas attack in the region.
    (Reuters, 4/9/17)

2017        Apr 9, In Syria Islamic State militants launched two suicide attacks overnight on US-backed Syrian rebels near the near the joint Syria-Iraq-Jordan al Tanf border crossing, leaving at least 12 dead in the fighting and many wounded.
    (Reuters, 4/9/17)
2017        Apr 9, Syrian or Russian warplanes dropped more incendiary bombs on areas of Idlib and Hama provinces.
    (Reuters, 4/9/17)

2017        Apr 10, In northern Syria US-backed Syrian fighters pushed ahead in their offensive against members of the Islamic State group under the cover of US-led coalition airstrikes getting closer to Tabqa, a strategic town that is home to the country's largest dam. 36 IS fighters were reported killed in the fighting over the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 4/9/17)

2017        Apr 11, Syrian government warplanes dropped barrel bombs on rebel-held areas of Hama province, a day after the United States said their use could lead to further US strikes in Syria.
    (Reuters, 4/11/17)
2017        Apr 11, Hundreds of Syrian students gathered outside the United Nations headquarters in Damascus to protest last week's US strike on a government air base.
    (AFP, 4/11/17)
2017        Apr 11, In northern Syria a coalition air strike accidentally killed 18 members of a US-backed Arab-Kurdish alliance fighting the Islamic State group near Tabqa, a key city next to a dam and military airport and close to the IS stronghold of Raqa.
    (AFP, 4/13/17)
2017        Apr 11, G7 industrialized nations meeting in Rome urged Russia to pressure the Syrian government to end the six-year civil war, but rejected a British call to impose new sanctions on Moscow over its support of President Bashar Assad.
    (AP, 4/11/17)
2017        Apr 11, The Russian Defence Ministry said on that two of its soldiers had been killed in a mortar attack in Syria and a third was fighting for his life.
    (Reuters, 4/11/17)
2017        Apr 11, Turkey said that tests proved the deadly nerve agent sarin was used in a suspected chemical attack in northwestern Syria which killed 87 people on April 4.
    (AFP, 4/11/17)

2017        Apr 13, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad said the April 4 alleged poison gas attack blamed on his government in Idlib province was "100 percent fabrication" used to justify a US air strike.
    (Reuters, 4/13/17)

2017        Apr 14, The Syrian government and rebels evacuated more than 7,000 people from four besieged towns. Over 2,350 people were bussed out of the twin towns of Madaya and Zabadani near Damascus. Another 5,000 people were evacuated on 75 buses from northern rebel-besieged towns of Foua and Kfraya.
    (AP, 4/14/17)

2017        Apr 15, In Syria a bomb blast hit a bus convoy waiting to enter Aleppo, killing and wounding dozens of people after an evacuation deal between Syria's warring sides halted and stranded thousands at two transit points on the city outskirts. Pro-Damascus media outlets said a suicide attacker had detonated a car bomb and killed at least 22 people. At least 68 children were among the 126 people killed in the attack.
    (Reuters, 4/15/17)(AFP, 4/16/17)

2017        Apr 17, Syrian government forces and their allies advanced in the central province of Hama under the cover of intense airstrikes, approaching the outskirts of Tibet al-Imam, a rebel-held town, a day after capturing the strategic town of Soran from opposition fighters and militants.
    (AP, 4/17/17)
2017        Apr 17, In Syria an airstrike late today likely carried out by the US-led coalition struck the eastern town of Boukamal, held by the Islamic State group, killing at least 10 people and wounding dozens. Another airstrike, this one during the day, hit a rebel-held village in the northwest, killing a woman and nine children.
    (AP, 4/18/17)
2017        Apr 17, Hundreds of Druze on the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights marched for Syrian independence day, carrying portraits of President Bashar al-Assad and chanting anti-Israel slogans.
    (AFP, 4/17/17)

2017        Apr 18, In northern Syria, an airstrike on the village of Maaret Harmeh killed a woman and nine children and wounded several others. The United States accused the Syrian government of being behind the attack and fired missiles at a Syrian army base. Syria denied the charges.
    (AP, 4/18/17)(SFC, 4/19/17, p.A2)

2017        Apr 19, Syria’s state television reported that a bomb has killed six people and wounded more than 30 in Aleppo, without giving the reason for the blast. A large convoy of buses carrying evacuees from the government-held towns of Fuaa and Kafraya reached the edge of the rebel-held transit point.
    (AFP, 4/19/17)

2017        Apr 20, The Syrian army advanced into the town of Taybet al Imam in Hama province, expanding its territory along the strategic western highway between Damascus and Aleppo. The army was also joined by Iranian-backed militias in the push into Taybet al Imam. Dozens of aerial strikes also hit the nearby towns of Halfaya and Latamneh. A rebel commander said Russian jets had escalated their bombing campaign in the area in the past few days, deploying a "scorched earth" strategy using incendiary and phosphorous bombs.
    (Reuters, 4/20/17)

2017        Apr 23, The Syrian army and allied forces advanced against rebels near Hama city, building on recent strategic gains in the area.
    (Reuters, 4/23/17)
2017        Apr 23, An Israeli attack against a military base for the Syrian pro-government National Defence Forces in southern Syria killed three NDF members.
    (Reuters, 4/23/17)

2017        Apr 24, The Trump administration said it was imposing sanctions on 271 employees of the Syrian government agency that produces chemical weapons and ballistic missiles.
    (SFC, 4/25/17, p.A4)

2017        Apr 25, Turkish warplanes killed at least 28 Kurdish fighters in strikes in Syria and Iraq, where the Kurds are key players in the battle against the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 4/25/17)(AFP, 4/26/17)

2017        Apr 26, French intelligence services said they have scientific proof that the Syrian regime was responsible for the April 4 suspected chemical attack that killed 87 people.
    (AFP, 4/26/17)

2017        Apr 27, Syrian activists said airstrikes across the opposition-held Idlib province have killed at least 19 people, with some targeting ambulances and medical centers. The activists believed Russia or the Syrian government launched the raids.
    (AP, 4/27/17)
2017        Apr 27, Syria's state media reported that Israel has attacked a military installation near the Damascus International Airport.
    (AP, 4/27/17)
2017        Apr 27, In Syria Mustafa Gunes, an Islamic State operative from Turkey, was killed in a US coalition air strike in Mayadin.
    (AP, 5/26/17)

2017        Apr 28, In Syria US-backed forces fighting Islamic State took several neighborhoods from the militant group in the town of Tabqa, part of a campaign to oust Islamic State from its stronghold in Raqqa city.
    (Reuters, 4/28/17)

2017        Apr 29, Syria's military said its troops and allied fighters have repelled an attack by the Islamic State group on a government-held area south of Aleppo province. IS-affiliated Aamaq news agency claimed IS fighters killed 30 government soldiers in the attack on Um Mayal village east of Khanaser. Fighting between rebel groups in the biggest insurgent stronghold near Damascus entered a second day. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said it had documented the deaths of at least 38 fighters in the first 24 hours of fighting between rebel groups. It also reported civilian casualties.
    (AP, 4/29/17)(Reuters, 4/29/17)
2017        Apr 29, In Syria air strikes killed eight White Helmet rescuers in the rebel-held area of Kfar Zeita.
    (SSFC, 4/30/17, p.A3)

2017        Apr 30, In northern Syria a US-backed Kurdish-Arab alliance advanced against the Islamic State group in the key town of Tabqa near the jihadist bastion of Raqa.
    (AP, 4/30/17)

2017        May 1, In northern Syria US-backed fighters cornered the Islamic State group in a last part of Tabqa, after tearing down a huge jihadist flag that had fluttered over the city. A total of 35 IS fighters were killed in 24 hours of clashes and air strikes in Tabqa.
    (AFP, 5/1/17)

2017        May 2, In Syria a jihadist assault led by suicide bombers killed dozens at a camp for the displaced near the border with Iraq. The violence left at least 38 people dead and came as another surprise IS attack killed 10 soldiers in Iraq.
    (AFP, 5/2/17)

2017        May 3, The Syrian armed opposition said it has suspended its participation in the 4th round of peace talks being held in Astana, Kazakhstan, and demanded an end to government bombing of areas under its control. Kazakhstan said it expects the Syrian armed opposition to return to the table on May 4.
    (Reuters, 5/3/17)(AP, 5/3/17)
2017        May 3, A large explosion shook a rebel-held Syrian town along the border with Turkey, killing at least five people and wounding others.
    (AP, 5/3/17)

2017        May 4, Iran, Russia and Turkey signed an agreement calling for the setting up of four "de-escalation zones" in war-torn Syria at the cease-fire talks in Kazakhstan and said that President Bashar Assad's air force would halt flights over the designated areas in the country's north, center and south. Members of the Syrian opposition delegation shouted in protest and walked out of the conference room in Astana. The opposition said it could not accept creating safe zones in Syria because it threatens the country's territorial integrity and said it would also not recognize Iran as a guarantor of the peace plan.
    (AP, 5/4/17)(Reuters, 5/4/17)

2017        May 5, Russia’s Defense Ministry said the agreement on safe zones in Syria will come into force from midnight tonight, but that its air force will continue striking Islamic State elsewhere in the country.
    (Reuters, 5/5/17)

2017        May 6, In Syria government shelling of a suburb of the capital Damascus killed four insurgents and wounded one child south of the country as a “de-escalation" plan went into effect at midnight.
    (AP, 5/6/17)
2017        May 6, The Syrian government pushed opposition fighters out of the village of Zalaqiyat, Hama province, following days of fighting that killed at least 14 rebels. 11 pro-government fighters were reported killed in the Zalaqiyat advance.
    (AP, 5/7/17)
2017        May 6, Russia's Defense Ministry said its military chief of staff and the chairman of the US joint chiefs of staff have confirmed their readiness to restore a communications channel aimed at preventing midair incidents between Russian and US warplanes over Syria.
    (AP, 5/6/17)

2017        May 8, Hundreds of Syrian rebels began leaving the besieged Damascus district of Barzeh as part of an evacuation deal with the government.
    (Reuters, 5/8/17)
2017        May 8, The Islamic State group released a video showing the beheading of an alleged Russian agent who it said had infiltrated its ranks as a fighter to spy on the militant group. Moscow denied the claim.
    (AP, 5/9/17)
2017        May 8, In China the Syrian ambassador to China said up to 5,000 ethnic Uighurs from China's far western region of Xinjiang are fighting in various militant groups in Syria adding that Beijing should be extremely concerned about it.
    (AP, 5/8/17)

2017        May 9, Syrian government forces and US-backed opposition fighters clashed in a remote desert area near the borders with Iraq and Jordan. About 7,400 troops from more than 20 nations were said to be participating. Syrian government warplanes struck rebel outposts near the Jordanian border.
    (AP, 5/9/17)(Reuters, 5/9/17)
2017        May 9, In Syria warplanes late today, thought to belong to the US-led military coalition against Islamic State, killed at least 11 people, including four children, in al-Salihiya village north of Raqqa.
    (Reuters, 5/10/17)
2017        May 9, The Trump administration said it will arm Syria’s Kurdish fighters “as necessary" to recapture the Islamic State stronghold of Raqqa.
    (SFC, 5/10/17, p.A2)

2017        May 10, The Syrian air force pounded the remaining Islamic State-held villages in Aleppo province, killing 13 people near al-Maskaneh town. The Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces expelled Islamic State militants from the Tabqa Dam and the nearby town of Tabqa.
    (Reuters, 5/10/17)(SFC, 5/11/17, p.A2)

2017        May 11, In Syria Abu Asim al-Jazeri, an Islamic State planner from Algeria, was killed a US coalition air strike in Mayadin.
    (AP, 5/26/17)

2017        May 12, In Syria more than 1,200 people including rebels left two opposition-held districts of Damascus under an agreement that will bring Syria's government closer to exerting full control over the capital.
    (AFP, 5/12/17)

2017        May 13, Syrian state TV reported that the military has recaptured the Qaboun suburb from rebel fighters on the eastern edge of Damascus.
    (AP, 5/13/17)
2017        May 13, In Syria Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces, backed by US-led coalition airstrikes, clashed with the militants in a multi-pronged offensive northeast and northwest of Raqqa bringing the SDF 4 km (2.5 miles) from the city.
    (AP, 5/13/17)

2017        May 14, In Syria 22 women were killed and eight wounded in a drone strike on a bus in Akayrshi, about 16 km (10 miles) from Raqqa according to the IS-run Aamaq news agency. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said 12 women were killed in the strikes on Akayrshi.
    (AP, 5/15/17)

2017        May 15, In Syria an agreement between the government and rebels to evacuate an opposition-held district of Damascus was completed as more insurgents left the Qaboun area.
    (Reuters, 5/15/17)
2017        May 15, Unidentified fighter jets struck a mosque and surrounding houses in Boukamal (Albu Kamal) on the Syria-Iraq border. The airstrikes destroyed 15 homes and killed 62 people, including 42 civilians who had fled from other areas in Iraq and Syria. On May 16 the US-led coalition against the Islamic State group said it did not conduct strikes in the eastern Syrian town of Albu Kamal.
    (AP, 5/15/17)(AFP, 5/17/17)
2017        May 15, The US State Department said that it believes about 50 detainees are being hanged each day at the Saydnaya military prison, a 45-minute drive north of Damascus.
    (AP, 5/16/17)

2017        May 16, The Syrian government "categorically" denied US accusations of mass killings at a prison near Damascus, including the alleged execution of political opponents and burning the victims in a crematorium at the site.
    (AP, 5/16/17)

2017        May 18, In central Syria the Islamic State group attacked several government-held villages, capturing at least one of them in violence that left 52 people dead including more than two dozen women and children, some of whom were beheaded, as well as Syrian troops in Hama province. Pres. Assad met with Iraq's national security adviser Faleh al-Fayad to discuss steps to improve coordination between their countries' militaries in the anti-terrorism campaign along their shared border.
    (AP, 5/18/17)
2017        May 18, In Syria US-led warplanes carried out two strikes in the east of the country against a convoy of pro-government forces headed towards a remote coalition garrison near the border with Jordan. At least eight people were killed.
    (AFP, 5/19/17)

2017        May 19, In Switzerland Syria's warring sides entered a final day of UN-backed talks with little sign of progress towards ending the conflict and with negotiations overshadowed by swelling tensions on the ground.
    (AFP, 5/19/17)
2017        May 19, Organizations from Netherlands and Qatar said they are joining forces to get 6,000 Syrian refugees into higher education courses, a move aimed at helping them integrate in the countries where they live now and rebuild their own nation if they are able to return.
    (AP, 5/19/17)

2017        May 20, Syrian rebels started leaving the last opposition-held district of Homs city in the final phase of an evacuation deal that will see President Bashar al-Assad's government take back the area.
    (Reuters, 5/20/17)

2017        May 21, In Syria the last buses carrying rebel fighters and their families left a besieged district of Homs, completing a deal to bring the whole city back under government control for the first time since the start of the war. A suicide bomb attack killed at least 14 insurgents at a headquarters for the powerful Islamist Ahrar al-Sham group in Idlib province. The Islamic State was blamed for the attack.
    (Reuters, 5/21/17)

2017        May 22, In Syria intense clashes broke out in Daraa between government forces and insurgents with both sides shelling parts of the southern city that has been declared a safe zone under a recent Russia-sponsored deal.
    (AP, 5/22/17)

2017        May 23, In Syria an attack by two suicide bombers in the city of Homs killed at least four people and wounded more than two dozen. Syrian forces hit a pickup truck rigged with explosives on the road leading to the Damascus International Airport, killing two militants. The Islamic State group claimed responsibility for both attacks.
    (AP, 5/23/17)

2017        May 24, Syrian government forces carried out at least 12 airstrikes and dropped at least nine barrel bombs on rebel-held parts of Daraa as intense clashes with insurgents, including members of the al-Qaida-linked Levant Liberation Committee, continued in the city's Manshiyeh neighborhood.
    (AP, 5/24/17)
2017        May 24, The Syrian army said it had killed Abu Musab al-Masri, the Islamic State's military commander in Syria, during operations in the north of the country, in operations that got underway on May 10.
    (Reuters, 5/24/17)
2017        May 24, In Syria At least 16 civilians were killed in bombing raids early today by the US-led coalition on the village of Al-Baruda 10 miles from Raqa. 15 civilians were reportedly killed in coalition raids on Mayadeen.
    (AFP, 5/24/17)(AFP, 5/26/17)

2017        May 25, The Syrian army said it had retaken a swathe of territory from Islamic State in southern Syria in a rapid advance near areas held by US-backed Syrian rebels at the border with Jordan and Iraq.
    (Reuters, 5/25/17)
2017        May 25, In eastern Syria 35 civilians were killed in US coalition raids on Mayadeen late today, including 13 children.
    (AFP, 5/26/17)(AP, 5/27/17)

2017        May 26, In Syria an early morning US-led coalition air strike on the eastern town of Mayadeen killed at least 80 relatives of Islamic State group fighters.
    (AFP, 5/26/17)

2017        May 27, Syria’s government-controlled media and a war monitor said Syrian troops and allied militia have pushed back Islamic State militants and US-backed opposition fighters, gaining control of a large swath of territory in the country's strategic southern desert.
    (AP, 5/27/17)

2017        May 28, A Russian airstrike targeting Islamic State leaders outside Raqqa reportedly killed more than 300 militants. Russia announced the strike on June 16 and said IS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi may have been among those killed.
    (SFC, 6/17/17, p.A4)

2017        May 29, In Syria more airstrikes and artillery shelling hit the northern city of Raqqa, the de facto capital of the Islamic State group, as US-backed fighters pushed closer to the extremists' stronghold. The activist-operated Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently said that the US-led coalition carried out more than 30 airstrikes on the city over the last 24 hours, killing 35 people and destroying a school on Raqqa's northern outskirts.
    (AP, 5/29/17)

2017        May 31, Western-backed Syrian rebels said that Russian jets attacked them as they tried to advance against Iran-backed militias in a region of the southeastern desert.
    (Reuters, 5/31/17)
2017        May 31, In Syria Turki al-Binali, a Bahraini cleric who rose to be one of the group's leading ideologues, was reported killed in a recent airstrike.
    (AP, 6/1/17)
2017        May 31, In eastern Syria Baraa Kadek, the founder of the Islamic State group Aamaq news agency, reportedly died after he and his wife and daughter were wounded in a May 26 airstrike in Mayadeen, Deir el-Zour province.
    (AP, 6/1/17)
2017        May 31, The Russian defense ministry said its warships have fire four cruise missiles at Islamic State positions in the area of Palmyra, Syria. There was no information on when the missiles were launched.
    (SFC, 6/1/17, p.A4)

2017        Jun 3, The Syrian army said it had seized mountainous territory from Islamic State to the east of the road linking Damascus to Aleppo, helping to secure a critical lifeline for the government that has often come under IS attack.
    (Reuters, 6/3/17)
2017        Jun 3, Three gunmen on motor bikes launched an attack from Syrian soil on Jordanian border positions and were killed in a clash with troops.
    (AP, 6/3/17)

2017        Jun 4, Syrian government forces pounded parts of the southern city of Daraa with air strikes and artillery fire, one day after rebels attacked government positions in the southern city. At least 31 fighters have been killed in the clashes since late June 2. Syria's army seized the key town of Maskana, from the Islamic State group Aleppo province.
    (AP, 6/4/17)(AFP, 6/4/17)
2017        Jun 4, In Syria US-backed militias seized the Baath Dam on the Euphrates river from Islamic State, their latest gain as they push towards Raqqa city.
    (Reuters, 6/4/17)
2017        Jun 4, Turkey's state-run news reported that PM Binali Yildirim said the battle to capture the Islamic State group's Syrian bastion Raqa started late on June 2. He appeared to contradict comments a day earlier from the Kurdish-Arab alliance battling the jihadists that the push into the northern Syrian city would "begin in a few days".
    (AFP, 6/4/17)

2017        Jun 5, Syrian rebels shot down a Syrian military plane about 50 km east of Damascus in rebel-held territory near a frontline with government-held land. Rebels hit the aircraft with heavy, anti-aircraft machine guns which had been delivered to them in recent weeks by the United States and its allies.
    (Reuters, 6/5/17)

2017        Jun 6, The US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) said it had begun a battle to capture Raqqa, Islamic State's de facto capital in Syria, launching attacks from the east, west and north of the city. Air strikes inside the city killed eight civilians, including three children.
    (Reuters, 6/6/17)(AFP, 6/7/17)

2017        Jun 7, In Syria US-backed fighters gained ground against the Islamic State group in the streets of Raqa, a day after their months-long offensive finally broke into the jihadists' bastion.
    (AFP, 6/7/17)

2017        Jun 8, In Syria US-backed fighters battled the Islamic State group as they tried to push further into the jihadists' Syrian bastion Raqa, two days after finally entering the northern city.
    (AFP, 6/8/17)

2017        Jun 9, The UN children's agency warned that the fight for the Islamic State group's stronghold of Raqqa threatens more than 40,000 children, while overnight airstrikes on the city in northern Syria killed more than a dozen people.
    (AP, 6/9/17)

2017        Jun 9, In Syria US-led coalition forces launched heavy raids overnight in support of Syrian fighters battling to oust the Islamic State group from its bastion of Raqa. 23 civilians were killed in strikes, including 15 who were in an internet cafe in the western suburb of Jazra, just outside the city.
    (AFP, 6/9/17)
2017        Jun 8, In southeastern Syria a US aircraft shot down a pro-Syrian government drone after it fired upon a group of US-led coalition forces.
    (SFC, 6/9/17, p.A2)

2017        Jun 10, Syrian pro-government forces said they now hold more than a fifth of the country's strategic desert, after reaching the eastern border with Iraq for the first time since 2015.
    (AFP, 6/10/17)
2017        Jun 10, In Syria US-backed Syrian fighters (SDF) broke into the western part of the Islamic State group's stronghold Raqa, opening up a second front inside the city.
    (AFP, 6/10/17)

2017        Jun 11, In Syria the US-backed SDF opposition force said it has captured a northwestern neighborhood of the Islamic State group's de-facto capital of Raqqa the second district to fall in their hands in days after the group launched a wide offensive to gain control of the extremists' de facto capital.
    (AP, 6/11/17)
2017        Jun 11, Jordan said its border guards have killed five suspected infiltrators approaching the kingdom's border from Syria in a pickup truck and two motorcycles.
    (AP, 6/11/17)

2017        Jun 13, In Syria Islamic State group jihadists waged fierce battles in Raqa in a bid to repel US-backed fighters advancing towards the walls of the Old City.
    (AFP, 6/13/17)

2017        Jun 15, Syrian government forces marched toward the last town held by the Islamic State group in the central province of Homs in the latest push by President Bashar Assad's troops against the extremists.
    (AP, 6/15/17)

2017        Jun 16, Russia announced that the Islamic State group's leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi may have been killed in a Russian airstrike in Syria on May 28.
    (AP, 6/16/17)(SFC, 6/17/17, p.A4)

2017        Jun 17, In Syria a convoy delivering aid to a besieged opposition area outside Damascus came under attack late today, seriously wounding a driver of the Syrian Arab Red Crescent and thwarting the first such mission to the area in eight months.
    (AP, 6/18/17)

2017        Jun 18, In Syria the US military shot down a Syrian Su-22 air force jet after it dropped bombs near the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) that are fighting the Islamic State group.
    (AP, 6/19/17)
2017        Jun 18, An Iranian ballistic missile strike targeted the Islamic State group in Syria's eastern city of Deir el-Zour. No casualties were reported.
    (AP, 6/19/17)

2017        Jun 21, Syrian government forces recaptured territory on Damascus' eastern outskirts from rebels after stepping up attacks in that area.
    (Reuters, 6/21/17)
2017        Jun 21, In Syria the US-backed SDF militias closed in on Islamic State's stronghold of Raqqa, taking territory on the south bank of the Euphrates River with the aim of encircling the city.
    (AP, 6/21/17)

2017        Jun 23, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said US-led coalition air strikes on two Syrian provinces targeting jihadists have killed 472 civilians over the past month.
    (AFP, 6/23/17)

2017        Jun 24, Syria's government released 672 prisoners on the eve of a major Muslim holiday who had promised to accept the state's authority, a move it said was aimed at bolstering a "reconciliation" process.
    (Reuters, 6/24/17)(AP, 6/24/17)
2017        Jun 24, In Syria a civil council expected to rule Raqqa once Islamic State is dislodged from the city pardoned 83 of the jihadist group's low-ranking militants, a goodwill gesture designed to promote stability.
    (Reuters, 6/24/17)
2017        Jun 24, In Syria a car bomb killed 10 people in the town of al-Dana in rebel-held Idlib province. Another bombing in the town a day earlier killed two people.
    (Reuters, 6/25/17)

2017        Jun 25, The Israeli military said it attacked a series of Syrian military targets after several projectiles landed in the Israeli-controlled Golan Heights for a 2nd day.
    (SFC, 6/26/17, p.A2)

2017        Jun 26, In eastern Syria 57 people were killed in an air strike believed to have been carried out by the US-led coalition on an Islamic State prison in the town of al-Mayadeen. Syrian Kurdish forces said they seized a new district from the Islamic State in Raqqa.
    (AP, 6/27/17)(SFC, 6/27/17, p.A2)

2017        Jun 27, The Pentagon said it detected "active preparations" by Syria for a chemical weapons attack, giving weight to a White House statement hours earlier that the Syrian government would "pay a heavy price" if it carried out such an attack.
    (AP, 6/27/17)

2017        Jun 28, In eastern Syria at least 15 people were killed in an unidentified airstrike, in the second attack in three days reported to kill civilians in the Islamic State-held Euphrates River valley.
    (AP, 6/28/17)
2017        Jun 28, Turkey’s military said its forces retaliated with an artillery barrage overnight and destroyed Kurdish YPG militia targets after the group's fighters opened fire on Turkey-backed forces in northern Syria.
    (Reuters, 6/28/17)

2017        Jun 29, In Syria the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces sealed off the last route used by the Islamic State group to flee an offensive on its Syrian bastion Raqqa. The IHS Markit analysis firm said the Islamic State group has lost more than 60 percent of its territory and 80 percent of its revenue.
    (AFP, 6/29/17)

2017        Jun 30, In Syria Islamic State mounted a fierce counter-attack against the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) alliance of militias in the city of Raqqa, but there were divergent accounts of its success in regaining ground. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, said the IS had regained control over most of the industrial area in fierce fighting. The Observatory also said Islamic State militants have withdrawn from the last territory they held in Aleppo province after the Syrian army retook the Ithriya-Rasafa road and areas east of Khanaser.
    (Reuters, 6/30/17)
2017        Jun 30, An Israeli warplane struck a Syrian army post, hours after stray fire from Syria's civil war hit the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights.
    (AFP, 6/30/17)
2017        Jun 30, In Lebanon five suicide bombers attacked Lebanese soldiers as they raided two Syrian refugee camps in the Arsal area. A sixth militant threw a hand grenade at a patrol. Seven soldiers were wounded and a girl was killed after one of the suicide bombers blew himself up in the midst of a family of refugees. The army later said four of 355 detained Syrians were transferred to a hospital for medical treatment immediately after their arrest but died before they could be interrogated. Two of their bodies showed heavy bruising on the face and abdomen. A third body was missing the head. An international watchdog called for a quick investigation into the deaths.
    (Reuters, 6/30/17)(AP, 7/5/17)

2017        Jul 2, In Syria a suicide car bomb killed 20 people and wounded dozens more in a rare attack in the heart of Damascus. Authorities said they foiled a wider assault by intercepting two other explosives-laden vehicles.
    (AP, 7/2/17)(Reuters, 7/6/17)

2017        Jul 3, The Syrian army unilaterally announced a halt to fighting in the country's south that would coincide with a new round of peace talks in the Kazakh capital Astana.
    (AFP, 7/3/17)

2017        Jul 4, In Syria the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) waged fierce battles with Islamic State militants in the Old City of Raqqa after the US-led coalition opened two small openings in its historic walls.
    (Reuters, 7/4/17)

2017        Jul 5, In Syria Russian strategic bombers struck the Islamic State group with cruise missiles along the boundary between Hama and Homs provinces. A two-day round of Syria cease-fire talks in Astana, Kazakhstan, ended without conclusive results.
    (AP, 7/5/17)
2017        Jul 5, The head of the Syrian Kurdish YPG militia said that Turkish military deployments near Kurdish-held areas of northwestern Syria amounted to "a declaration of war", signaling the risk of a major confrontation.
    (Reuters, 7/5/17)

2017        Jul 6, In Syria a suicide bomber in Hama killed two people and injured nine others, in the second such attack in a government-held city this week.
    (Reuters, 7/6/17)

2017        Jul 7, Syrian government forces carried out heavy bombardment of a rebel-held district on the eastern edge of Damascus in support of advancing troops. At least 11 regime fighters and 19 rebels have been killed in Ain Terma and Jobar since the army began escalating operations there on June 20.
    (AFP, 7/7/17)
2017        Jul 7, In Syria Islamic State militants fought to repel the advance of US-backed Syrian forces, days after they inched closer to the heart of the extremist group's de facto capital of Raqqa.
    (AP, 7/7/17)
2017        Jul 7, A separate truce for southern Syria, effective as of July 9, was brokered by the US and Russia. It was meant to help allay growing concerns by neighboring Jordan and Israel about Iranian military ambitions in the area.
    (AP, 7/8/17)

2017        Jul 9, In Syria a US-Russian brokered ceasefire for southwest Syria was holding hours after it took effect.
    (Reuters, 7/9/17)

2017        Jul 10, Syrian troops and Iranian-backed militias launched an assault on Bedouin villages in the southeast desert to consolidate control of eastern Sweida, a swathe of desert stretching to the Iraqi border.
    (Reuters, 7/10/17)
2017        Jul 10, The UN's envoy for Syria opened a new round of indirect talks in Geneva, the seventh so far, between Syrian government representatives and opposition leaders to try to wind down the battered country's civil war.
    (AP, 7/10/17)

2017        Jul 11, In northern Syria a US-backed, Kurdish-led militia captured al-Ukayrshi, where extremists had once run a training camp named for Osama Bin Laden.
    (AP, 7/11/17)
2017        Jul 11, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said that it had "confirmed information" that Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi has been killed. Rebel groups shot down a Syrian government warplane near a ceasefire zone in the country's south.
    (Reuters, 7/10/17)(AFP, 7/11/17)
2017        Jul 11, The UN said up to 50,000 civilians remain trapped in the Syrian jihadist stronghold of Raqa, warning that supplies of water and other essentials were fast running out.
    (AP, 7/11/17)

2017        Jul 14, In Syria airstrikes on the outskirts of Damascus killed at least two people. At least one other person was killed and several people were wounded in the strikes on Ein Terma, a contested suburb on the northeast edge of Damascus.
    (AP, 7/14/17)
2017        Jul 14, In Syria clashes broke out between the ultraconservative Ahrar al-Sham and the al-Qaida-linked Hay'at Tahrir al Sham, two of the most powerful insurgent groups in the northwest, raising fears of widespread violence in rebel-held Idlib province.
    (AP, 7/15/17)

2017        Jul 16, In Syria a bomb exploded near a hospital in the rebel-held northwestern city of Idlib wounding five people. Hours later two shells hit the Russian embassy in Damascus causing material damage.
    (AP, 7/16/17)

2017        Jul 17, In Syria US-backed fighters fought Islamic State militants in the heart of Raqqa, as scores of civilians fled areas controlled by the group. US-backed forces captured a new neighborhood from entrenched jihadists. The Syrian army supported by Iranian backed militias seized new oil fields in the desert in the southwest of Raqqa province in new advances against retreating Islamic state militants.
    (AP, 7/17/17)    (Reuters, 7/17/17)(AFP, 7/17/17)
2017        Jul 17, The European Union imposed sanctions on 16 Syrian scientists and military officials for their suspected involvement in a chemical attack in northern Syria in April which killed scores of civilians.
    (Reuters, 7/17/17)
2017        Jul 17, Turkish-backed rebels clashed with Kurdish fighters from a US-backed alliance in northwestern Syria in escalating violence between the two sides.
    (Reuters, 7/17/17)

2017        Jul 18, More than a dozen Syrian rebels died in hit-and-run clashes with a US-backed alliance dominated by Kurdish forces in the country's north. The Turkish-backed rebels were locked in a second day of fighting with units from the Syrian Democratic Forces around the village of Ain Daqna.
    (AFP, 7/18/17)

2017        Jul 19, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said infighting between two of the most powerful factions in opposition-held Idlib province has killed at least 14 people in the past 24 hours. Fierce clashes between Syrian rebels and al-Qaida-linked militants spread through northwest, as the two sides jostled for control over the important border town of Sarmada.
    (AFP, 7/19/17)(AP, 7/19/17)

2017        Jul 20, In Syria rebels killed at least 28 members of government and allied forces east of the capital Damascus.
    (Reuters, 7/20/17)

2017        Jul 21, The Syrian army and members of Lebanon's militant Hezbollah group launched a major ground offensive aimed at ending the years-long presence of hundreds of militants in a border area between the two countries.
    (AP, 7/21/17)
2017        Jul 21, Clashes in Syria's Idlib province between a powerful jihadist group and a key rebel faction intensified overnight, spreading to a border crossing with Turkey. The running battles between the jihadist Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), led by a former Al-Qaeda affiliate, and the Ahrar al-Sham rebel group have so far killed at least 65 people, including 15 civilians.
    (AFP, 7/21/17)
2017        Jul 21, Lebanon's Hezbollah and the Syrian army launched an offensive to drive insurgents from their last foothold at the Syrian-Lebanese border.
    (Reuters, 7/21/17)

2017        Jul 22, Syrian warplanes carried out air strikes against Islamic State in an area of countryside east of Raqqa and close to where US-backed forces operate.
    (Reuters, 7/22/17)
2017        Jul 22, The Syrian army announced a halt in fighting for parts of Eastern Ghouta, a rebel-held region on the outskirts of the capital that has been ravaged in the six-year conflict.
    (AFP, 7/23/17)
2017        Jul 22, Lebanon's Shi'ite militia Hezbollah and the Syrian army advanced against Sunni militants, the second day of an assault to drive them from their last foothold along the Syria-Lebanon border, pro-Damascus media reported.
    (Reuters, 7/22/17)
2017        Jul 22, Russia's Defense Ministry said an agreement has been reached with the Syrian opposition on the boundaries for a de-escalation zone for the East Ghouta area near the Syrian capital Damascus.
    (AP, 7/22/17)

2017        Jul 23, Syria's regime carried out air raids on one of the last rebel strongholds near Damascus, a day after it declared a ceasefire in parts of the besieged enclave.
    (AFP, 7/23/17)

2017        Jul 24, In Syria an air strike late today killed eight civilians, half of them children, and wounded dozens more in Eastern Ghouta, a rebel-held region near Damascus where a fragile truce was declared at the weekend. Russia denied involvement.
(AFP, 7/25/17)
2017        Jul 24, Lebanon-based Hezbollah said its battle with Nusra Front jihadists at the Syria-Lebanon border was almost over and urged remaining insurgents in the area to give up, pressing its campaign to take their last foothold at the frontier.
    (Reuters, 7/24/17)

2017        Jul 26, Russia’s President Vladimir Putin signed a law ratifying a deal with the Syrian government allowing Russia to keep its air base in Syria for almost half a century, official documents show.
    (Reuters, 7/27/17)

2017        Jul 27, It was reported that US-backed Syrian fighters have captured almost half of the Islamic State group's de facto capital of Raqqa. The push into the city has slowed due to stiff resistance and large amounts of explosives planted by the extremists.
    (AP, 7/27/17)
2017        Jul 27, In Syria Islamic State militants carried out a deadly attack on US-backed forces near Raqqa, killing and wounding many fighters and civilians. The attack killed 53 SDF members and damaged two armored vehicles.
    (AP, 7/28/17)
2017        Jul 27, A ceasefire took effect in a mountainous area of the Lebanese-Syrian border where Lebanon's Hezbollah says it is on the verge of defeating Nusra Front militants in their last foothold at the frontier.
    (Reuters, 7/27/17)

2017        Jul 28, High-ranking Iraqi security officials said up to 7,000 Islamic State group affiliates remain in Iraq after the fall of Mosul. They also said there are up to another 7,000 IS militants and 5,000 supporters in Syria.
    (AP, 7/28/17)

2017        Jul 29, Syria's army and its allies reached the edge of al-Sukhna, the last town held by Islamic State in Homs province and a key step in their multi-pronged offensive against the militants.
    (Reuters, 7/29/17)

2017        Jul 30, Hezbollah and a Syrian affiliate to Al-Qaida began exchanging the bodies of dead fighters along the Lebanese-Syrian border in the first stage of a settlement to restore order to a contested frontier zone. About 8,000 people have registered to leave the Lebanese border region near Arsal for a rebel-held area of Syria as part of a local ceasefire between Hezbollah and the Nusra Front.
    (AP, 7/30/17)(Reuters, 7/30/17)

2017        Jul 31, Scores of buses and ambulances arrived at the Lebanon-Syria border for the second phase of an exchange between Lebanon's Hezbollah group and Syria's al-Qaida affiliate that would lead to the resettlement of thousands of refugees in Syria.
    (AP, 7/31/17)

2017        Aug 1, Syria's government said Saudi authorities continue to place restrictions on Syrian citizens looking to take part in this year's hajj, accusing the kingdom of "politicizing" the annual Muslim pilgrimage.
    (AP, 8/1/17)
2017        Aug 1, A Kurdish official said the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) are on the verge of seizing full control of the southern neighborhoods of Raqqa.
    (Reuters, 8/1/17)

2017        Aug 2, Some 113 buses carrying Syrian militants and refugees left a Lebanese border area bound for a rebel-held part of Syria, under a deal made after Shi'ite Hezbollah routed Sunni Islamist Nusra Front insurgents in their last foothold at the frontier.
    (Reuters, 8/2/17)

2017        Aug 3, In Syria the Islamic State called on all men between 20 and 30 who are able to fight to head to mobilization offices within a week in Deir el-Zour province.
    (AP, 8/3/17)
2017        Aug 3, Russia's Defense Ministry announced a cease-fire for a third safe zone in war-torn Syria, paving the way for the delivery of sorely needed humanitarian relief to rebel-held areas north of the city of Homs.
    (AP, 8/3/17)
 2017        Aug 3, The UN Commission of Inquiry on Syria said Islamic State is still committing genocide against the Yazidi minority in Iraq after three years but the world is failing in its duty to punish the crime.
    (Reuters, 8/3/17)

2017        Aug 4, In northern Syria the heaviest fighting and shelling for months hit Hama province, but there were diverging accounts of how the battle started.
    (Reuters, 8/4/17)
2017        Aug 4, In Syria Russian military police deployed north of the central city of Homs, setting up checkpoints and observation points as part of a cease-fire in a third safe zone, but opposition activists said the truce was violated by government forces.
    (AP, 8/4/17)

2017        Aug 6, In central Syria pro-government forces captured the Islamic State group's last stronghold in the energy-rich Homs province, paving the way to advance on the besieged eastern city of Deir el-Zour.
    (AP, 8/6/17)

2017        Aug 7, In Syria government warplanes bombed Ein Tarma, a suburb of Damascus and an area controlled by the Failaq al-Rahman rebel group, which does not recognize a recent truce.
    (AP, 8/7/17)
2017        Aug 7, An attack near the Syrian border reportedly killed 36 members of an Iraqi Shi'ite militia and and seven of Iran's elite Revolutionary Guards. The US-led coalition fighting Islamic State denied responsibility. Islamic State claimed it was responsible for the attack near At Tanf.
    (Reuters, 8/8/17)

2017        Aug 8, In Syria pro-government forces intensified their assault on the rebel-held suburbs of Damascus, a day after the Faylaq al-Rahman rebel faction beat back an attempted government advance, killing several soldiers.
    (AP, 8/8/17)
2017        Aug 8, In Syria airstrikes on parts of the northern city of Raqqa that are controlled by the Islamic State group killed 29 civilians, including nine women and 12 children.
    (AP, 8/9/17)

2017        Aug 10, The Syrian army and its allies seized control of at least 30 km (19 miles) of Syria's border with Jordan from rebels in an attack.
    (Reuters, 8/10/17)

2017        Aug 11, In northern Syria US-backed Syrian fighters advancing on the Islamic State group from the eastern and western parts of Raqqa have linked up for the first time since launching their offensive on IS' de facto capital.
    (AP, 8/11/17)

2017        Aug 12, In northwestern Syria gunmen stormed an office of a paramedic group that is active in opposition-controlled areas, killing seven of its members and stealing two vehicles and other equipment in Sarmin. A suicide attack in the south of the country killed at least 23 rebels.
    (AP, 8/12/17)
2017        Aug 12, In central Syria a commando operation backed by Russian warplanes and helicopters killed 25 members of the Islamic State jihadist group. Six members of the regime forces were also killed in the northeast of Homs province.
    (AFP, 8/13/17)

2017        Aug 13, The Syrian Failaq al-Rahman rebel faction said it has killed 20 army soldiers in a tunnel blast as the battle for Damascus's northeastern suburbs shows no signs of letting up.
    (AP, 8/13/17)

2017        Aug 14, Hundreds of Syrian rebels and civilians started leaving the Lebanon-Syria border area after a deal was reached for their departure following days of delay.
    (AP, 8/14/17)

2017        Aug 16, Lebanese troops attacked IS positions on the other side of border with Syria, tightening the siege on them. Syrian warplanes bombarded mountainous areas controlled by the Islamic State group near the border with Lebanon.
    (AP, 8/16/17)   

2017        Aug 17, Fadwa Suleiman (44), Syrian actress-turned-activist died in Paris overnight of cancer. She had fled to France after taking part in the 2011 uprising against President Bashar al-Assad. She had warned against the conflict turning into sectarian war, tried unsuccessfully to persuade residents of the predominantly Alawite cities of Latakia and Tartus to join the uprising.
    (AFP, 8/17/17)

2017        Aug 18, Syria’s state media, a Hezbollah military media unit and a war monitor said the Syrian army and its allies have encircled an Islamic State (IS) pocket in central Syria after a series of advances in the desert region.
    (Reuters, 8/18/17)

2017        Aug 19, In Syria a car bomb killed two people at a checkpoint in the coastal city of Latakia, a stronghold of President Bashar Assad's government.
    (AP, 8/19/17)
2017        Aug 19, The Lebanese army launched an offensive against an Islamic State enclave on the northeastern border with Syria. The Lebanese Shi'ite group Hezbollah announced an assault on the militants from the Syrian side of the frontier.
    (AP, 8/19/17)

2017        Aug 20, Syrian President Bashar Assad refused any security cooperation with Western nations or the reopening of their embassies, until they cut ties with opposition and insurgent groups. Five people were reported dead when a rocket hit near an international trade fair in Damascus being held for the first time in five years. The fair opened on August 17 at the capital's Exhibition City and was scheduled to last 10 days.
    (AP, 8/20/17)(AFP, 8/20/17)
2017        Aug 20, In Syria US-led coalition strikes killed 27 civilians in part of Raqa city held by the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 8/21/17)

2017        Aug 21, In Syria US-led air strikes killed at least 42 civilians in Raqa in several neighborhoods under IS control. 19 children and 12 women were among the dead.
    (AFP, 8/22/17)
2017        Aug 21, Russia said it has intensified its air campaign in Syria to help Pres. Bashar Assad’s forces drive Islamic State militants from Deir el-Zour, killing an estimated 800 militants across the country this month alone.
    (SFC, 3/22/17, p.A2)

2017        Aug 24, The Syrian military advanced south from southern areas of Raqqa province, joining up with their forces north of the town of al-Sukhna in Homs province and in so doing closing the circle around the pocket of IS insurgents.
    (Reuters, 8/24/17)
2017        Aug 24, The United Nations called for a humanitarian pause to allow an estimated 20,000 trapped civilians to escape from the Syrian city of Raqqa, and urged the US-led coalition to rein in air strikes that have caused casualties.
    (Reuters, 8/24/17)

2017        Aug 25, In Syria Islamic State group militants pushed back government forces advancing on Maadan, one of the last towns still in IS hands in Raqqa province, killing over two dozen soldiers and seizing vehicles.
    (AP, 8/25/17)

2017        Aug 27, Cease-fires took effect in the border area between Syria and Lebanon, halting separate but simultaneous weeklong offensives against the Islamic State group by the Lebanese army on one side and Hezbollah and Syrian troops on the other.
    (AP, 8/27/17)

2017        Aug 28, Syrian state television cameras showed a convoy of Islamic State fighters and their family members leaving the Lebanon-Syria border zone for an area in eastern Syria held by the jihadist group, under the terms of a truce.
    (Reuters, 8/28/17)

2017        Aug 29, Buses carrying hundreds of Islamic State militants and their families arrived in eastern Syria following a negotiated evacuation from the Lebanon-Syria border. Some 600 militants were allowed to leave as part of a deal, negotiated by Hezbollah, in exchange for identifying the location of the remains of Lebanese soldiers captured by IS in 2014 and later killed.
    (AP, 8/29/17)

2017        Aug 30, In Syria US-led warplanes conducted air strikes to block a convoy of Islamic State fighters and their families from reaching territory the group holds in eastern Syria.
    (Reuters, 8/30/17)

2017        Aug 31, In eastern Syria a convoy of Islamic State fighters from the Lebanon border began a new attempt to reach territory held by the militant group after being blocked by US-led airstrikes, despite warnings of more military action.
    (Reuters, 8/31/17)

2017        Sep 1, In central Syria a military media unit run by Hezbollah captured Uqairabat, described as Islamic State's stronghold in that region.
    (AP, 9/2/17)
2017        Sep 1, The US-led coalition fighting Islamic State militants said it had confirmed another 61 likely civilian deaths caused by its strikes in Iraq and Syria, raising to 685 the number of civilians it has acknowledged killing since the conflict began.
    (Reuters, 9/1/17)

2017        Sep 2, The Syrian army and its allies were fought in Islamic State's last pocket in central Syria.
    (Reuters, 9/2/17)
2017        Sep 2, Lebanon's Hezbollah movement accused US-led forces of stranding a convoy of Islamic State fighters and civilians headed for Syria's Deir Ezzor province under an evacuation deal. Dozens of IS group members and their families have crossed into areas controlled by the extremists despite US threats to bomb the convoy.
    (AFP, 9/2/17)    (AP, 9/2/17)

2017        Sep 3, Syria's army and its allies advanced towards their enclave in Deir al-Zor, besieged by Islamic State forces, taking al-Kharata oil field. Fierce clashes between the Islamic State group and pro-regime forces in and around the town of Uqayribat in the eastern Hama countryside left over 150 fighters dead over the last 24 hours, mostly jihadists.
    (Reuters, 9/3/17)(AFP, 9/3/17)
2017        Sep 3, In eastern Syria an Islamic State evacuation convoy trying to reach IS territory has split in two, with some buses remaining in the open desert after others turned back into government-held areas. The US-led coalition fighting IS has blocked the convoy from entering Islamic State territory in east Syria, near the border with Iraq, by cratering roads and destroying bridges.
    (Reuters, 9/3/17)

2017        Sep 4, Syria's army battled the Islamic State group on the edges of Deir Ezzor, seeking to break the siege of a government enclave and oust the jihadists from a key stronghold.
    (AFP, 9/4/17)
2017        Sep 4, In Syria the SDF said it holds 65 percent of Raqqa in total. US-backed Syrian militias have taken the historic old city of Raqqa and its ancient mosque as they pressed their offensive to defeat Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 9/4/17)

2017        Sep 5, Syrian government forces reached troops besieged for years by Islamic State in the eastern city of Deir al-Zor, one of the militants' last major footholds.
    (Reuters, 9/5/17)
2017        Sep 5, The US-led coalition fighting the Islamic State group in Iraq and Syria swore in a new commanding general, with the fight against the jihadists now in its fourth year. Lieutenant General Paul Funk assumed command of the Operation Inherent Resolve joint task force at a ceremony on a military base in the region.
    (AFP, 9/5/17)

2017        Sep 6, The Syrian army and its allies fought to secure and expand a precarious corridor to their comrades in Deir al-Zor, a day after they smashed through Islamic State lines to break the jihadist siege.
    (Reuters, 9/6/17)
2017        Sep 6, UN-mandated investigators said that Syrian President Bashar Assad's air force conducted a sarin-gas attack last April 4 that killed at least 83 civilians and sparked a retaliatory US strike. Investigators said government forces have used chemical weapons more than two dozen times during Syria's civil war, including the deadly attack on Khan Sheikhoun.
    (AP, 9/6/17)(Reuters, 9/6/17)

2017        Sep 7, Syria's army accused Israeli warplanes of hitting one of its positions, killing two people in an attack that a monitor said targeted a site where the regime allegedly produces chemical weapons. The strike hit a training camp and a branch of the Scientific Studies and Research Center (SSRC), an institution that Washington has accused of helping develop the sarin gas.
    (AFP, 9/7/17)
2017        Sep 7, Prominent Syrian opposition leader Riyad Hijab said UN mediation to end the country's six-year conflict has failed and the revolution would continue.
    (Reuters, 9/7/17)

2017        Sep 9, The Syrian army and its allies reached an air base besieged for years by Islamic State militants on the outskirts of the eastern city of Deir al-Zor and recaptured an oilfield near the city . US-backed Syrian fighters launched an offensive against the IS group in eastern Syria along the border with Iraq, bringing them into a race with government forces marching in the same direction.
    (Reuters, 9/9/17)(AP, 9/9/17)

2017        Sep 10, Syrian government forces and US-backed militias converged on Islamic State in separate offensives against the militants in the eastern province of Deir al-Zor. At least 17 civilians were killed by Russian air strikes in Deir al-Zor.
    (Reuters, 9/10/17)

2017        Sep 12, Syria's government signed a contract with an Iranian company to import five gas-fired power plants to the war-battered city of Aleppo.
    (AP, 9/12/17)
2017        Sep 12, Syrian opposition activists and witnesses said that several thousand Syrians stranded on the border with Jordan have fled the Hadalat camp for the Rukban camp further east, running from shelling and nearby fighting between Syrian rebels and government forces.
    (AP, 9/12/17)
2017        Sep 12, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said air strikes likely to have been carried out by Russian warplanes have killed 69 people since Sep 10 near the Euphrates River in the eastern Syrian province of Deir al-Zor.
    (Reuters, 9/12/17)
2017        Sep 12, The Lebanese Shi'ite group Hezbollah declared victory in the Syrian war while Russia said government forces had driven militants from 85 percent of the country where President Bashar al-Assad's rule seemed in danger two years ago.
    (Reuters, 9/12/17)

2017        Sep 15, Syrian government forces pressed their offensive in the province of Hama in an attack aimed at clearing central Syria of Islamic State group fighters. The violence came as a deal was announced in the Kazakh capital of Astana on de-escalation in the nearby, mostly rebel-held province of Idlib.
    (AP, 9/15/17)
2017        Sep 15, Turkey’s foreign ministry said Russia, Iran and Turkey have agreed to post observers on the edge of a de-escalation zone in northern Syria's Idlib region, which is largely controlled by Islamist militants.
    (Reuters, 9/15/17)

2017        Sep 16, A military alliance fighting together with the Syrian army said it launched an assault in Deir al-Zor province to drive Islamic State militants from the border with Iraq. A Russian airstrike wounded six fighters of the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces  near the city of Deir el-Zour.     
    (Reuters, 9/16/17)(AP, 9/16/17)
2017        Sep 16, Counterterrorism officials and analysts said thousands of Shiite Muslims from Afghanistan and Pakistan are being recruited by Iran to fight with President Bashar al-Assad's forces in Syria, lured by promises of housing, a monthly salary of up to $600 and the possibility of employment in Iran when they return.
    (AP, 9/16/17)

2017        Sep 17, Syrian troops seized a suburb of the eastern city of Deir al-Zor, tightening the noose around Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 9/17/17)

2017        Sep 18, Syrian government troops came closer to encircling the Islamic State group in a pocket of Deir Ezzor city after crossing the adjacent Euphrates River.
    (AFP, 9/18/17)

2017        Sep 19, In Syria Insurgents led by an al-Qaida-linked group launched one of their widest offensives yet against pro-government forces, which responded with heavy airstrikes targeting hospitals and first responders in Idlib province.
    (AP, 9/19/17)

2017        Sep 20, In Syria the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) said its campaign to capture Raqqa from Islamic State (IS) was in its final stages and its fighters had seized 80 percent of the city.
    (Reuters, 9/20/17)

2017        Sep 21, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 22 civilians have been killed in 48 hours of heavy air strikes by Syria's regime and its ally Russia in the provinces of Idlib and Hama.
    (AFP, 9/21/17)

2017        Sep 22, In northern Syria thousands voted in predominantly Kurdish regions to elect heads of local communities as part of the minority Kurds' efforts to move closer to a federal system within Syria.
    (AP, 9/22/17)
2017        Sep 22, Greece's top administrative court approved the first forced deportation of two Syrian refugees, setting a precedent for hundreds of similar cases.
    (AP, 9/22/17)
2017        Sep 22, Turkey reported that veteran Syrian opposition activist Aroubeh Barakat and her journalist daughter Halla Barakat (22) were found stabbed to death at their apartment in Istanbul, in a crime supporters decried as an "assassination" to avenge their work.
    (AFP, 9/22/17)

2017        Sep 23, In Syria US-backed Syrian fighters captured the country's largest gas field from the Islamic State group in Deir el-Zour province, as they race with government forces to capture the energy-rich region.
    (AP, 9/23/17)
2017        Sep 23, Syrian government and allied troops seized Maadan, a town north of Deir el-Zour city and south of Raqqa, which has been scene to intense fighting with Islamic State militants. 45 insurgents were killed in Russian airstrikes on a village in northern Idlib. The strikes targeted members of the Faylaq al-Sham rebel group despite their participation in the last round of talks in Astana.
    (AP, 9/24/17)(AFP, 9/24/17)

2017        Sep 24, In northern Syria US-allied militias announced the formation of a civilian council to govern the oil rich eastern province of Deir al Zor where they are racing with the Syrian army to capture territory held by Islamic State. Warplanes continued to pound Syria's rural Idlib and Hama, where insurgents led by an al-Qaida-linked group began an offensive against government troops in the area.
    (Reuters, 9/24/17)(AP, 9/24/17)
2017        Sep 24, The Russian Defence Ministry said that Russian Lieutenant-General Valery Asapov had been killed by Islamic State shelling near Deir al-Zor.
    (Reuters, 9/25/17)

2017        Sep 25, In Syria Russia bombed positions of US-backed forces in a major natural gas field they recently captured from Islamic State militants. The SDF said the airstrike killed one of its fighters and wounded two others in the Conoco gas field, in Deir el-Zour province. Russia's Defense Ministry denied the report.
    (AP, 9/25/17)(SFC, 9/26/17, p.A2)

2017        Sep 28, In Syria a Christian legislator was elected speaker of parliament in the predominantly Muslim country for the first time in decades. Hammudeh Sabbagh (58), a Syriac Orthodox Christian graduate in law and member of President Bashar al-Assad's Baath party from Hasakeh province in northeast Syria, won 193 votes out of 252 cast.
    (AP, 9/28/17)
2017        Sep 28, In eastern Syria Islamic State militants attacked al-Shola village recently captured by government forces, threatening to cut the main highway linking with the city of Deir el-Zour. The IS fighters appeared to have come from the town of Mayadeen, one of the largest remaining strongholds of the militants in Syria.
    (AP, 9/28/17)

2017        Sep 29, A Hezbollah media unit said the Syrian army and its allies have secured the Palmyra to Deir al-Zor road, a major supply route from government territory to the eastern city, defeating a strong Islamic State attack. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the Islamic State attacks had killed at least 73 Syrian government troops and allied fighters over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 9/29/17)(AFP, 9/29/17)
2017        Sep 29, Doctors Without Borders (MSF) said a surge in bombing raids has forced hospitals to close in northwestern Syria.  Air strikes in northern Syria killed and wounded dozens.
    (AP, 9/29/17)    (SFC, 9/30/17, p.A2)

2017        Sep 30, Syrian opposition activists said at least 28 civilians were killed in air strikes overnight on northwestern Syria where a planned safe zone has been overshadowed by a bombing campaign against jihadists. It was not clear if the strikes had been carried out by warplanes of the Syrian government or its ally Russia. Airstrikes on villages and towns held by the Islamic State group in eastern Syria killed and wounded dozens. It was not immediately clear if the airstrikes were carried out by Russians or the US-led coalition.
    (AFP, 9/30/17)(AP, 9/30/17)

2017        Oct 1, In central Syria the Islamic State group seized the town of Al-Qaryatain, Homs province, known as a symbol of religious coexistence in a surprise attack against regime forces.
    (AFP, 10/1/17)
2017        Oct 1, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights monitor said Syria's war killed at least 3,000 people including 955 civilians in September, in the deadliest month of the conflict this year.
    (AP, 10/1/17)

2017        Oct 2, In Syria a double suicide bomb attack hit a police station in Damascus, killing at least 17 people. In eastern Syria a drone strike killed at least ten Hezbollah fighters, where pro-government forces engaged in a grinding battle against the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 10/2/17)(AP, 10/2/17)(SFC, 10/3/17, p.A2)

2017        Oct 3, In Syria a US-led coalition air strike killed at least 18 civilians in the Islamic State group's former stronghold of Raqa. Coalition planes targeted water wells where a group of civilians were gathered.
    (AFP, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, Islamic State released a video that it said showed two Russian soldiers captured by its fighters in the Syrian city of Deir al-Zor, where Russia has been backing the Syrian military against militants.
    (Reuters, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, Russia carried out airstrikes in Syria that it later said critically wounded Abu Mohammed al-Golani, leader of the al-Qaida-linked Levant Liberation Committee. 12 other militant commanders were also believed killed.
    (SFC, 10/5/17, p.A2)

2017        Oct 4, Syrian troops and allied militiamen advanced to about six miles of the eastern city of Mayadeen. Rockets and barrel bombs in the area killed at least 20 people. Tens of thousands have fled the region in the past week.
    (SFC, 10/5/17, p.A2)
2017        Oct 4, It was reported that an examination by the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) found that samples from an attack by Syrian forces last March 30 on the opposition-held town of Latamneh tested positive for the banned nerve agent sarin.
    (Reuters, 10/4/17)
2017        Oct 4, An official document issued by the Russian consulate in Damascus showed that at least 131 Russian citizens died in Syria in the first nine months of this year.
    (Reuters, 10/27/17)

2017        Oct 5, The Russian Defense Ministry said its submarines have fired 10 cruise missiles at Islamic State positions outside the eastern Syrian town of Mayadeen, one of the last major IS strongholds in the country.
    (AP, 10/5/17)

2017        Oct 6, Syria's army and its allies neared al-Mayadin, pushing an advance on an eastern city seen as Islamic State's main remaining base in the country. Al-Qaida-linked fighters attacked Abu Dali in central Hama province, a key central Syrian village at the crossroads between areas under government control and those controlled by insurgents.
    (Reuters, 10/6/17)(AP, 10/6/17)

2017        Oct 7, In northwestern Syria two waves of air strikes on the jihadist-held town of Khan Sheikhun, Idlib province, killed at least 13 civilians over the past 24 hours. The strikes were believed to have been carried out by the Syrian air force.
    (AP, 10/7/17)
2017        Oct 7, Russia’s defence ministry said some 120 Islamic State fighters and 60 foreign mercenaries were killed in a series of Russian air strikes in Syria over the past 24 hours. The ministry also said three senior IS commanders including Omar al-Shishani had been confirmed dead as a result of an earlier Russian strike. The Pentagon said in 2016 the notorious fighter had been killed by American troops in Iraq.
    (AFP, 10/7/17)
 2017        Oct 7, Turkey's president announced that the country has launched a "serious" operation in Syria's northwestern Idlib province with Turkey-backed Syrian opposition forces, following international efforts for de-escalation in the war-torn country.
    (AP, 10/7/17)

2017        Oct 8, In northwestern Syria at least 11 civilians including two children were killed in suspected regime air strikes on a market in Idlib province's Maaret al-Numan. In the east Syria's army and its allies encircled Islamic State in the city of al-Mayadin, southeast of Deir al-Zor.
    (AFP, 10/8/17)(Reuters, 10/8/17)
2017        Oct 8, Turkish forces shelled areas along its border with Syria's northwestern province, an area dominated by al-Qaida-linked militants. President Tayyip Erdogan said Turkey was implementing a deal agreed with Russia and Iran to reduce violence in Syria's northern province of Idlib, in cooperation with Free Syrian Army rebel fighters.
    (AP, 10/8/17)(Reuters, 10/8/17)

2017        Oct 10, In Syria a Russian military jet crashed while taking off from the Hmeymim air base in an incident that killed its two-man crew.
    (Reuters, 10/10/17)

2017        Oct 11, In Syria three men blew themselves up near the police headquarters in central Damascus. The blasts killed two people and injured six others.
    (Reuters, 10/11/17)
2017        Oct 11, In Syria the US-led coalition battling the Islamic State group said that it won't accept a negotiated withdrawal for hundreds of IS militants holed up in Raqqa. An estimated 4,000 civilians remained trapped in the city.
    (AP, 10/11/17)

2017        Oct 12, In Syria dozens of desperate civilians streamed out of battlefront districts of Raqa after a ferocious resumption in bombardment against Islamic State group holdouts in the city.
    (AFP, 10/12/17)
2017        Oct 12, Three Syrian opposition factions agreed to cease fire in southern Damascus under an agreement brokered by Egypt and Russia that was not signed by the Syrian government.
    (AP, 10/12/17)

2017        Oct 14, Syria's army captured the IS stronghold of Mayadeen in Deir Ezzor province. The US-led coalition said around 100 IS fighters in Raqa had surrendered to the SDF in the past 24 hours. A convoy left Raqa under an evacuation deal. More than 3,000 civilians fled Raqa, the Islamic State group's former stronghold Raqa, leaving behind only relatives of foreign IS fighters.
    (AFP, 10/14/17)(AP, 10/15/17)

2017        Oct 15, In Syria US-backed fighters launched an operation to retake the last Islamic State-held pocket of the northern city of Raqqa after some 275 militants and their family members surrendered. The Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Force (SDF) has been on the offensive in Raqqa since early June and now controls about 90 percent of the city.
    (AP, 10/15/17)

2017        Oct 16, In Syria SDF fighters marched toward a hospital and stadium in Raqqa under the cover of airstrikes by the US-led coalition as scores of civilians trickled out of the IS-held part of the city.
    (AP, 10/16/17)
2017        Oct 16, Israel's military carried out an air strike on an anti-aircraft battery in Syria after it fired toward its planes, while vowing it sought no further escalation in the war-torn country.
    (AFP, 10/16/17)

2017        Oct 17, In northern Syria US-backed forces said they have captured Raqqa, once the seat of power for the Islamic State group, after a grueling four-month battle that left the city in ruins.
    (AP, 10/17/17)

2017        Oct 18, In Syria US-backed Syrian forces removed land mines and cleared roads in the northern city of Raqqa, a day after commanders said they had driven the Islamic State group from its de facto capital. 95 percent of the city was under full control as clearing operations continued.
    (AP, 10/18/17)
2017        Oct 18, Veteran Syrian opposition member Mohammed Saleh Abu Ali, who has been campaigning for the release of Syrian detainees, was himself detained at a checkpoint in the central city of Homs.
    (AP, 10/22/17)

2017        Oct 19, In Syria Iran's military chief met with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad during a visit to Damascus to set out a joint military strategy, a sign of deepening Iranian influence that has alarmed Israel.
    (Reuters, 10/19/17)
2017        Oct 19, In Syria US-backed forces who captured Raqa from the Islamic State group prepared to hand the city over to a civilian authority, with some of their fighters already headed to the next battle.
    (AFP, 10/19/17)

2017        Oct 20, In Syria the Kurdish-led force that expelled the Islamic State group from Raqa hailed a "historic victory" in the devastated city's stadium and vowed to hand over power to a civilian administration.
    (AFP, 10/20/17)

2017        Oct 21, Syrian government forces and their allies regained control of Qaryatay, a predominantly Christian central town that sleeper cells of the Islamic State group captured late last month.
    (AP, 10/21/17)
2017        Oct 21, The Israeli army attacked Syrian government artillery after fire across the armistice line hit the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights and warned it would step up such retaliation in the future. Five projectiles from Syria set off air raid sirens in Israeli towns.
    (AFP, 10/21/17)(Reuters, 10/21/17)

2017        Oct 22, In Syria US-backed militias captured the al-Omar oil field, the largest in the country, pressing their assault against Islamic State in the east of the country.
    (Reuters, 10/22/17)

2017        Oct 23, The Syrian government and activists said the bodies of at least 67 civilians, many summarily killed by the Islamic State group, have been discovered in al-Qaryatayn, a town that government forces retook from the extremists over the weekend. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said it had documented the killings of at least 128 people in al-Qaryatayn during the last days of IS control of the town. 30 of the 50 militants, who overran the town last month, were originally from the town.
    (AP, 10/23/17)(Reuters, 10/23/17)(SFC, 10/24/17, p.A2)
2017        Oct 23, UNICEF said more than 1,100 children are suffering from acute malnutrition in the besieged rebel-held Eastern Ghouta area outside Damascus.
    (AFP, 10/23/17)
2017        Oct 23, In Syria Jac Holmes (24), a British man who was fighting with US-backed Kurdish forces against the Islamic State group, died while clearing mines in the northern city of Raqqa.
    (AP, 10/25/17)

2017        Oct 24, Russia cast a veto at the UN Security Council preventing the renewal of the mandate to a mission that investigates the use of chemical weapons in Syria. The mission's mandate is due to expire in mid-November.
    (Reuters, 10/24/17)

2017        Oct 26, Iraqi forces launched an attack to drive Islamic State from the last territory it holds in Iraq. Approximately 1,500 Islamic State fighters were estimated to be still in the immediate vicinity of al-Qaim. The Syrian army and its allies said they planned to march on Albu Kamal, the jihadist's last Syrian stronghold.
    (Reuters, 10/26/17)

2017        Oct 27, The UN condemned the "deliberate starvation of civilians" as a war tactic following the release of "shocking" images showing severely malnourished children in an area near Damascus besieged by Syria's military.
    (AFP, 10/27/17)

2017        Oct 29, In Syria heavy clashes in the last 24 hours between the government’s army and the Islamic State group in Deir Ezzor city killed at least 73 fighters, including 23 Syrian soldiers and pro-regime militiamen. At least 11 civilians were killed and a school day violently interrupted amid intensive Syrian government shelling of a rebel-held enclave north of Damascus.
    (AFP, 10/29/17)(AP, 10/29/17)

2017        Oct 31, In Syria at least four schoolchildren were among eight people killed in regime shelling in Eastern Ghouta.
    (AFP, 10/31/17)
2017        Oct 31, The Russian submarine “Veliky Novgorod" launched three "Kalibr" missiles at Islamic State targets in Syria's Deir al-Zor province.
    (Reuters, 10/31/17)

2017        Nov 1, The Russian Defense Ministry said in a statement that six long-range bombers struck Islamic State positions in Deir al-Zor province.
    (Reuters, 11/1/17)

2017        Nov 2, In Syria six Russian Tu-22M3 long-range bombers struck Islamic State targets near the town of Abu Kemal.
    (Reuters, 11/2/17)
2017        Nov 2, Russia dismissed a report by a UN-led panel that blamed the Syrian regime for the April 4 sarin gas attack on the rebel-held town of Khan Sheikhun as "superficial and unprofessional".
    (AFP, 11/2/17)

2017        Nov 3, Syrian troops retook Deir Ezzor city, in the oil-rich east of the country, the last major city where the Islamic State group had a presence.
    (AFP, 11/3/17)
2017        Nov 3, Syrian rebel factions launched an attack on government-held territory in Quneitra province, with the aim of connecting two insurgent-held areas. Damascus said Nusra Front rebels exploded a car in Hader, a Druze village in Quneitra, killing at least nine people.
    (Reuters, 11/3/17)
2017        Nov 3, The Russian Defense Ministry said that six Tu-22M bombers unloaded bombs on IS targets near Boukamal. Two Russian submarines in the Mediterranean also launched six cruise missiles at IS targets.
    (AP, 11/3/17)

2017        Nov 4, In eastern Syria truck bomb blast near the Conoco gas plant near Deir el-Zour city killed more than a hundred people as locals awaited passage into SDF territory.
    (AP, 11/5/17)
2017        Nov 4, Islamic State militants inside Syria repelled an attack by Iraq's Popular Mobilization Forces, the paramilitary group of mostly Shiite fighters within the Iraqi security forces. The attack over the last 24 hours took place near the border town of Boukamal but that the PMF fighters crossed back into Iraq.
    (AP, 11/4/17)
2017        Nov 4, Russian Tu-22M3 long-range bombers struck Islamic State targets near the town of Albu Kamal in Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/4/17)

2017        Nov 7, Syria said at UN climate talks in Bonn that it would join the Paris Agreement, leaving the United States as the only nation to say it will remain outside the landmark treaty.
    (AFP, 11/7/17)

2017        Nov 8, Syria's army and its allies began an assault on the largest remaining stronghold of Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, signaling the imminent fall of the militant group's self-proclaimed caliphate.
    (Reuters, 11/8/17)
2017        Nov 8, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said Moscow opposed a draft UN resolution to extend the mandate of the investigation by the United Nations and the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) into chemical weapons attacks in Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/8/17)

2017        Nov 9, Syria’s army declared victory over Islamic State. Syrian troops and allied militiamen expelled Islamic State group fighters from Albu Kamal (Boukamal), the last significant town the jihadists still held in their disintegrating "caliphate". A large number of militants and leaders were reported killed.
    (Reuters, 11/9/17)(AFP, 11/9/17)(SFC, 11/10/17, p.A4)
2017        Nov 9, Britain accused Russia of carrying out a "thinly veiled political attack" on the head of the world's chemical weapons watchdog, escalating a row over the agency's investigation into toxic attacks in Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/9/17)
2017        Nov 9, UN humanitarian adviser Jan Egeland said the 400,000 civilians besieged in the Syrian enclave of Eastern Ghouta face "complete catastrophe" because aid deliveries are blocked, and hundreds of people need urgent medical evacuation.
    (Reuters, 11/9/17)

2017        Nov 11, The Israeli military shot down an unmanned aircraft that tried to infiltrate its airspace from neighboring Syria. The military said it intercepted the drone above the Golan Heights using a Patriot missile.
    (AP, 11/11/17)

2017        Nov 13, In northern Syria an airstrike on a market in the rebel-held town of Atareb killed at least 61 people. Atareb has been subject to Russian and Syrian government airstrikes since 2015.
    (AP, 11/13/17)(AP, 11/14/17)

2017        Nov 15, Syrian rebel officials said a senior commander has defected to Turkey from the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), a leading combatant in the fight against Islamic State. Brigadier General Talal Silo handed himself in at dawn to the Free Syrian Army (FSA), an adversary of the SDF, and was escorted to Turkey.
    (Reuters, 11/15/17)
2017        Nov 15, In Syria six Russian long-range bombers struck Islamic State targets near the town of Albu Kamal in Deir al-Zor Province.
    (Reuters, 11/15/17)

2017        Nov 16, In Syria at least six people were killed and 45 others were wounded in rocket and mortar fire on several parts of Damascus. State news agency SANA said the attacks originated from the rebel-held Eastern Ghouta region outside the capital. Activists said government shelling and airstrikes have killed nearly two dozen civilians in three days of fighting in the suburbs of Damascus.
    (AFP, 11/16/17)(AP, 11/16/17)
2017        Nov 16, In Syria Kheyrollah Samadi, a commander in Iran's elite Revolutionary Guards, was killed fighting the Islamic State in the Albu Kamal region.
    (AP, 11/19/17)

2017        Nov 17, In Syria at least five children and two rescue workers were killed in a Damascus suburb during a government bombing campaign amid escalating violence in and around the capital despite a truce.
    (AP, 11/17/17)   
2017        Nov 17, In Syria six Russian long-range bombers struck Islamic State targets near the town of Albu Kamal in Deir al-Zor province.
    (AP, 11/17/17)
2017        Nov 17, Russia cast a second veto in as many days at the United Nations Security Council to block the renewal of a probe to identify the perpetrators of chemical weapons attacks in Syria.
    (AFP, 11/17/17)

2017        Nov 18, Syrian troops and allied fighters advanced to capture most of Albu Kamal, in a tug-of-war over the Islamic State group's last urban stronghold in the country.
    (AFP, 11/18/17)
2017        Nov 18, In eastern Syria Iranian fighter Mehdi Movahednia was killed in clashes with Islamic State in the town of Mayadin.
    (Reuters, 11/19/17)

2017        Nov 19, Syrian state media said pro-government forces have defeated the Islamic State group in Boukamal (Albu Kamal), its last major stronghold, leaving the militants to defend just strips of desert territory in the country and a besieged pocket outside Damascus. More than 80 fighters were killed in the three days of ferocious push to retake the town, including 31 pro-regime forces and at least 50 IS jihadists.
    (AP, 11/19/17)(AFP, 11/19/17)
2017        Nov 19, In Turkey top diplomats from Iran, Russia and Turkey met in Antalya to discuss the civil war in Syria ahead of a three-way summit in the Russian city of Sochi Nov. 22.
    (AFP, 11/19/17)

2017        Nov 20, Russian President Vladimir Putin hosted Syrian leader Bashar al-Assad for three hours of talks to lay the groundwork for a new push by Moscow to end Syria's conflict now that Islamic State's territorial caliphate is overrun.
    (Reuters, 11/21/17)
2017        Nov 20, Turkey said Syrian Kurdish fighters have attacked a Turkish observation post in the northern Syrian province of Idlib with mortar rounds. There were no casualties.
    (AP, 11/20/17)

2017        Nov 21, A Syrian Kurdish militia accused Turkish forces of "aggression and escalation" in the Afrin region, which it controls, on Syria's northwestern border with Turkey.
    (Reuters, 11/21/17)

2017        Nov 22, Vladimir Putin called for "concessions and compromise" from all parties in Syria's six-year conflict as he kicked off a key summit in Sochi with the leaders of Turkey and Iran aimed at reviving stuttering peace negotiations.
    (AFP, 11/22/17)
2017        Nov 22, In Saudi Arabia the UN envoy for Syria urged disparate Syrian opposition groups at a meeting in Riyadh to come up with a united front ahead of another round of Syrian peace talks in Geneva later this month.
    (AP, 11/22/17)

2017        Nov 23, Meeting in Saudi Arabia Syria's fragmented opposition doubled down on attempts to unify their ranks, the second day of a Saudi-sponsored meeting ahead of next week's UN-brokered peace talks.
    (AFP, 11/23/17)

2017        Nov 24, Russia's Defense Ministry said six TU-22M3 long-range bombers had carried out air strikes on Islamic State targets on the western bank of the Euphrates river in Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/24/17)
2017        Nov 24, Turkey said that US President Donald Trump told President Tayyip Erdogan he had issued instructions that weapons should not be provided to Kurdish YPG fighters in Syria, and that the Turkish government hoped to see that order carried out.
    (Reuters, 11/24/17)

2017        Nov 25, Russian Defense Ministry said Russian long-range bombers hit Islamic State targets in the northeast of Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/25/17)

2017        Nov 26, Syrian government airstrikes and shelling outside Damascus killed at least 23 civilians. Six Russian Tu-22M3 long-range bombers hit Islamic State targets in Deir al-Zor province. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the strikes on Al-Shaafa, an Islamic State-held village, killed 34 civilians, including 15 children.
    (AP, 11/26/17)(Reuters, 11/26/17)(AFP, 11/26/17)

2017        Nov 27, In Syria renewed army bombardment of rebel-held Eastern Ghouta outside Damascus reportedly killed 14 people, despite a ceasefire deal for the region.
    (AFP, 11/27/17)

2017        Nov 28, Syria's government agreed to a ceasefire in rebel-held Eastern Ghouta, following days of heavy bombardment. Shelling killed three people in Eastern Ghouta shortly before the ceasefire.
    (AFP, 11/28/17)(Reuters, 11/28/17)

2017        Nov 30, Amnesty International said the Syrian government has used internationally banned Soviet-made cluster munitions in attacks on the besieged rebel-held suburb of Damascus.
    (AP, 11/30/17)
2017        Nov 30, Lebanese PM Saad Hariri charged that the Syrian regime which he blames for his father's assassination also wants him killed, in an interview published today in French magazine Paris Match.
    (AFP, 11/30/17)
2017        Nov 30, Russian Security Council secretary Nikolai Patrushev said Moscow was already preparing to withdraw its military contingent from Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/30/17)
2017        Nov 30, The UN called on world powers to help arrange the medical evacuation of 500 people, including 167 children, from eastern Ghouta. In the past two months, UN convoys have delivered supplies to only 68,000 of the 400,000 trapped civilians.
    (Reuters, 11/30/17)
2017        Nov 30, The US-led coalition in Syria said over 400 US Marines involved in battling the Islamic State group are being withdrawn as part of a cut in forces after the capture of jihadist "capital" Raqa.
    (AFP, 11/30/17)
2017        Nov 30, A US coalition report said at least 800 civilians have been killed in strikes in Iraq and Syria by the US-led coalition fighting Islamic State since the campaign began in 2014.
    (Reuters, 11/30/17)

2017        Dec 1, Syrian insurgents brought down an army helicopter in government territory southwest of Damascus, near the Israel-occupied Golan Heights. Two Syrian army officers from the helicopter's crew died.
    (Reuters, 12/1/17)
2017        Dec 1, In northern Syria Kurdish-led authorities held local elections in areas they control, pushing ahead with autonomy plans opposed by both the government of President Bashar al-Assad and by Turkey.
    (Reuters, 12/1/17)
2017        Dec 1, Russia’s Defense Ministry said six Russian long-range bombers have hit Islamic State targets in Syria's Deir al-Zor province.
    (Reuters, 12/1/17)

2017        Dec 2, Syrian state news said Israel has fired several surface-to-surface missiles at a military post near Damascus early today, causing material damage but no casualties. The report also said that Syrian air defenses shot down two of the Israeli missiles.
    (AP, 12/2/17)

2017        Dec 3, Syria's main Kurdish forces declared that they have successfully cleared areas east of the Euphrates river of Islamic State militants, with help from the US-led coalition and Russian forces.
    (AP, 12/3/17)

2017        Dec 4, In Syria jets believed to be Syrian and Russian struck heavily crowded residential areas in Hamoriya, a besieged rebel enclave near Damascus, killing at least 17 people and injuring dozens in the third week of a stepped-up assault. Four other civilians were killed in the town of Arbin and 6 others from strikes on Misraba and Harasta.
    (Reuters, 12/4/17)

2017        Dec 5, In Syria an explosion ripped through a van in Akarma, near the central city of Homs, killing at least eight people. State news said Syrian air defense units have shot down three Israeli missiles that were targeting a military post near Damascus.
    (AP, 12/5/17)
2017        Dec 5, In eastern Syria airstrikes killed at least 12 civilians in al-Jarthi, a village held by the Islamic State group. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said Russia carried out the strikes, in support of US-backed, Kurdish-led forces driving to capture IS territory on the Euphrates River. The Observatory said 21 people were killed in the strikes.
    (AP, 12/6/17)(Reuters, 12/6/17)
2017        Dec 5, US Army Colonel Ryan Dillon, spokesman for the United States-led international coalition fighting Islamic State, estimated that fewer than 3,000 fighters belonging to the hardline Sunni militant group remain in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/5/17)

2017        Dec 7, Jan Egeland, a top UN humanitarian adviser for Syria, said 12 people have died awaiting evacuation from government-besieged suburbs of Damascus. Egeland said the government has refused to approve evacuations on the UN list, which has now reached 494 names.
    (AP, 12/7/17)

2017        Dec 10, The Syrian government's delegation returned to Geneva for the resumption of talks with United Nations mediator Staffan de Mistura after more than a week's absence.
    (Reuters, 12/10/17)
2017        Dec 10, In Syria US-backed militias agreed to form a joint military center with the Iraqi army to protect their common border region after ousting Islamic State militants.
    (Reuters, 12/11/17)

2017        Dec 11, Russia’s President Vladimir Putin flew into Syria and ordered "a significant part" of Moscow's military contingent there to start withdrawing, declaring their work largely done. Putin added that Russia would keep the Hmeymim air base in Syria's Latakia Province and its naval facility in the port of Tartous.  The Russian defense ministry has said 41 of its troops have died in Syria. The St. Petersburg-based website Fontanka has said 73 private contractors have been killed fighting in Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/11/17)(Reuters, 12/12/17)(SFC, 12/13/17, p.A3)

2017        Dec 14, Syria's government team at the UN-sponsored peace talks in Geneva said that there will be no dialogue with the opposition as long as it insists on the removal of President Bashar Assad.
    (AP, 12/14/17)

2017        Dec 15, In Syria the al-Qaida-linked Levant Liberation Committee that controls large parts of Idlib issued a religious edict calling for general mobilization to "deter the savage attack of the criminal" government.
    (AP, 12/16/17)

2017        Dec 16, The government-controlled Syrian Central Military Media said Syrian troops have captured the village of Tal al-Khanazeer on the southeastern edge of Idlib.
    (AP, 12/16/17)

2017        Dec 17, Turkey's president slammed a US-backed Syrian Kurdish militant group and said he'll clear his country's border with Syria of "terrorists".
    (AP, 12/17/17)

2017        Dec 19, The UN Security Council voted to renew cross-border aid deliveries to Syria's opposition-held areas for one year, but Russia abstained and said the relief operation should wind down.
    (AFP, 12/19/17)

2017        Dec 20, In Syria overnight air strikes killed 19 people in Maar Shureen, a village in the rebel stronghold of northwestern Idlib province.
    (Reuters, 12/20/17)

2017        Dec 21, The Russian parliament voted to extend Russia's lease of a naval base in Syria for 49 years, following Vladimir Putin's announcement of a partial pullout of Russian troops from the war-torn country.
    (AP, 12/21/17)

2017        Dec 22, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said a total of 48,000 of Russian troops have taken part in Moscow's military campaign in Syria.
    (AP, 12/22/17)

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