40Mil BC The entire Tibetan Plateau underwent
major uplifting. Vast ranges rose from the Himalayas on the east to
Afghanistans Hindu Kush and Irans Elburz mountains on the west.
(SFC, 5/19/06, p.B7)
740BC A population of people
that came to called Tibetans moved to the Tibetan plateau about this
time. In 2010 researchers claimed that people known as the Han and
Tibetans had both come from a single ethnic group which split about
(Econ, 7/17/10, p.50)
c600-700 King Songstan Gampo reigned in the 7th
century. He introduced Buddhism and started construction of the
Potala Palace and Jokhang Temple. He married the Chinese princess
(WSJ, 8/2/01, p.A12)
c700 The Potala Palace in
Lhasa, Tibet, was constructed. It became the traditional home of the
(SSFC, 10/5/03, p.D2)
763 Tibetan armies occupied the
capital of China.
(SFEM, 1/24/99, p.6)
779 King Trisong Detsen led
Tibet. Under his rule the first Buddhist monastery, Samye, was
built. It was built under the influence of Padmasambhava (Guru
Rimpoche), Tibets greatest saint. Padmasambhava was an 8th century
sorcerer and saint who converted Tibet to Buddhism. Legend has it
that he dictated "sacred geography" texts to his queen consort and
then hid them for future discovery. The texts were discovered by
17th century charismatic lamas.
(Hem., 4/97, p.72,75)(SFEC,12/14/97, p.T5)(WSJ,
1100-1200 The 12th century book "Gyuschi" was a
compilation of Tibetan medicine that described the making and
applications of medications extracted from herbs, roots and minerals
often served as hot teas.
(SFC, 2/20/98, p.C4)
1193 The Karma Kargyu sect
preceded the Geluk sect of the Dalai Lama. It introduced the idea of
religious succession by reincarnation when a great lama used it to
predict his own rebirth.
(SFEM, 12/20/98, p.18)
c1200 The Rakhor nunnery was
established. In 1997 Chinese authorities ordered the nuns to leave
and everything except the main assembly hall was destroyed.
(SFC, 1/29/99, p.E9)
c1300 The Jonang Buddhist
monastery was established. In 1997 Chinese authorities closed down
the 700-year old monastery and sent the monks home after they
refused to denounce the Dalai Lama.
(SFC, 1/29/99, p.E9)
1400-1500 The Thikse monastery was established 12
miles east of Leh.
1600-1700 Ladakh was a West Tibetan kingdom of
this time with lands that extended into what is now Nepal.
1600-1700 In the 17th century the Geluk sect of
Buddhism cultivated the Mongols under Altyn Khan. The Khan named the
Geluk Lama Sonam Gyatso, "dalai," in reference to his oceanic
wisdom. The 4th Dalai Lama was discovered in the great-grandson of
Altyn Khan. The Gelukpa school gained power over the Kagyud (Black
Hat) school of Tibetan Buddhism.
(SFEM, 12/20/98, p.19)(Econ, 12/24/05, p.56)
1630 The Spiti Valley, a part
of western Tibet, became part of India.
(SFEC, 7/23/00, p.T9)
1634 Ngawang Namgyal, in the
Battle of Five Lamas, prevailed over the Tibetan and Bhutanese
forces allied against him and was the first to unite Bhutan into a
1640s The Fifth Dalai Lama
(1617-1682) invented a unique institution to rule his country, a
collaboration of monastics and aristocrats. It gradually
accomplished demilitarization and elevated monasticism with an
emphasis on education and spiritual development.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R55)
c1650 The Kagyupa sect of
Buddhism, known as the "Black Hats," under the leadership of the
Karmapa was supplanted by the Gelupga school of the Dalai Lamas as
Tibet's most politically powerful group.
(SFC, 1/800, p.A8)
1682 In Tibet the Fifth Dalai
Lama (b.1617) died. His death kept hidden for 15 years by his prime
minister and possible son Desi Sangay Gyatso in order that the
Potala Palace could be finished and Tibet's neighbors not take
advantage of an interregnum in the succession.
1717 Dzungar tribes of Mongolia
invaded Tibet, and a period of internal strife and civil war
followed. The Kangxi emperor sent armies into the area for 20 years,
and local leaders were forced to pledge their allegiance to the Qing
Empire. In 1724, the regions of Amdo and Kham were made into the
province of Kokonor, with parts of Eastern Kham incorporated into
neighboring Chinese provinces.
1783 Captain Samuel Turner, a
British army officer, traveled through Bhutan and Tibet.
(Econ, 1/31/09, p.91)
1812 Jun 30, William Moorcroft,
East India Co. head of 5,000 acre horse farm at Pusa, India, arrived
in Tibet. He found no horses to improve his stock but learned of
(ON, 1/02, p.3)
1834 The maharaja of Jammu was
able to annex Ladakh.
1891 British captain and spy H.
Bower noted antelope and yak in incredible numbers in the Aru basin
(NH, 5/96, p.50)
1894 H. Bower published his
"Diary of a Journey Across Tibet."
(NH, 5/96, p.68)
1897 British officer Capt. H.
Deasy encountered migrating chirus in Tibet and named the local
(NH, 5/96, p.50)
1903 Sven Hedn published
"Central Asia and Tibet."
(NH, 5/96, p.68)
1903 English Col. Francis
Younghusband (1863-1942) marched off from Darjeeling, India, with
1,000 British and Indian soldiers, 7,000 mules and 4,000 yaks to
1904 Sep 4, Dali Lama signed a
treaty allowing British commerce in Tibet.
1905 C. Rawling published "The
Great Plateau" [Tibet].
(NH, 5/96, p.68)
1910 Feb 25, The Dalai Lama
fled from the Chinese and took refuge in India.
1912 Apr 4, A Chinese republic
was proclaimed in Tibet.
1921 George Leigh Mallory (36)
took part in the 1st expedition of mountain climbers to explore Mt.
Everest on the border of Nepal and Tibet.
(ON, 3/05, p.6)
1922 George Leigh Mallory (36)
took part in a 2nd expedition of mountain climbers to Mt. Everest. 7
porters were killed and the expedition failed to reach the summit.
(ON, 3/05, p.7)
1924 Jun 8, George Mallory
(38), a British schoolteacher, and Andrew Irvine (28), a student at
Cambridge, attempted to reach the top of Mount Everest from their
camp at 26,800 feet. The body of Mallory was found May 1, 1999 on a
ledge at 27,000 feet. Irvines body was not found. Two books were
published in 1999 that used parallel narratives for the 2
expeditions: "The Lost Explorer" by Conrad Anker and David Roberts,
and "Ghosts of Everest" by Jochen Hemmleb, Larry A. Johnson and Eric
R. Simonson (as told to William E. Northdurft).
(SFC, 5/5/99, p.A10)(WSJ, 12/16/99, p.W10)
1924 Frank Kingdon Ward,
British botonist, explored Tibet.
(SSFC, 11/21/04, p.E4)
1935 Jul 6, Dalai Lama 14,
spiritual leader of Tibet's Lamaistic Buddhists, was born as Lhamo
Thondup in Hong Ya, a mountain hamlet on the Tibetan Plateau. He was
formally recognized as the reincarnated Dalai Lama at age 2 and was
renamed Jetsun Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso (Holy
Lord, Gentle Glory, Compassionate, Defender of the Faith, Ocean of
Wisdom). He became a Nobel Peace Prize winner (1989) for his efforts
to end China's domination of Tibet.
1938 German SS officer Ernst
Schafer led an expedition Tibet in an effort to trace the origins of
the Aryan race. In 1939 he brought back a 23.4 statue of the
Buddhist god called Vaisravana that was carved from a meteorite that
had crashed to Earth thousands of years earlier. The existence of
the statue, perhaps a thousand years old, was only revealed in 2007.
(SFC, 9/28/12, p.A2)
1947 The 5th Reting Lama died
in a Lhasa prison following a power struggle over the regency of the
(SFC, 1/18/00, p.A8)
1948 The former kingdom of
Ladakh and Kashmir, annexed in 1834 by the maharajah of Jammu,
became the East Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
1948 Robert Ford (1923-2013),
British radio operator, was hired by the Tibetans to create a modern
communications network. In 1950 he was imprisoned by Chinese
authorities and spent five years in jail.
(Econ, 10/5/13, p.98)
1949 The Chinese Red Army
invaded Tibet believing it was liberating the serfs and peasants.
(SFEM, 12/20/98, p.18)(WSJ, 8/30/08, p.A8)
1949 Phuntso Wangye
(1922-2014), founder of the Tibetan Communist Party, joined forces
with the Chinese Communist Party. He had already launched a series
of guerrilla uprisings against Nationalist Chinese rule.
1950 Aug 15, A magnitude 8.6
earthquake in Assam, Tibet, killed at least 780 people.
1950 Oct 21, Chinese forces
(SFC, 6/14/96, p. C1)(MC, 10/21/01)
1950 Oct, Chamdo, Tibet, fell
to Chinese occupation.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chamdo)(Econ, 10/5/13, p.98)
1950 Dec 19, Tibet's Dalai Lama
fled a Chinese invasion.
1950-1996 It has been reported that 1.2 million
Tibetans have been slain under Chinese rule.
(SFC, 6/16/96, p.B5)
1951 Mar 28, China proclaimed
the peaceful liberation of Tibet.
(Econ, 7/10/10, p.40)
1951 May 23, The Dalai
Lama signed the 17-point agreement in which he agreed to accept
Chinese sovereignty over Tibet.
1951 May 27, Chinese Communists
forced the Dalai Lama to surrender his army to Beijing.
1951 Jul 21, Dalai Lama
returned to Tibet.
1951 Gendun Choephel (b.1903),
a rebellious Tibetan monk, died. His work included a political
history of Tibet. In 2002 Luc Schaedler created the documentary
Angry Monk: Reflections on Tibet.
1951 Indian troops occupied
Tawang, some 2000 square km. of valley and high mountains just south
of the McMahon Line in northeast Arunachal Pradesh. This took place
shortly after China dispatched troops to Tibet.
(Econ, 8/21/10, p.18)
1953 Heinrich Harrer wrote his
memoir "Seven Years in Tibet."
(SFEC,12/14/97, BR p.4)
1955 Tibetan fighting flared up
in the eastern Kham region prompting an exodus of refugees and
swelling the ranks of resistance to Chinese rule.
(WSJ, 8/30/08, p.A8)
1955 Sydney Wignall
(1922-2012), a Welsh explorer, launched the first Welsh Himalayan
Expedition. The 3-man team was captured by the Chinese and held for
two months under interrogation for spying. 25 years later it was
revealed that Wignall had been recruited by Gen. Thimayya of the
Indian army to find out what the Chinese were up to in Tibet. In
1997 his book: "Spy on the Roof of the World" was published.
(SFEC,12/14/97, BR p.4)(Econ, 5/5/12, p.94)
1957 The first team of 6
Tibetans trained at a Saipan US CIA base and then airdropped back
into Tibet with modern weapons and radios.
(WSJ, 8/30/08, p.A8)
1958 Mar 24, Kejun, a Chinese
army doctor posted to Tibet, died soon after his arrival. His newly
wed wife and doctor, Shu Wen, traveled to Tibet to verify that he
had died. In 2005 her story was told in novel form by Xinran: Sky
Burial: An Epic Love Story of Tibet, translated by Julia Lovell and
(SSFC, 7/17/05, p.F1)
1958 Jul 31, There was an
anti-Chinese uprising in Tibet.
1958 The US CIA began
airdropping weapons over Tibet.
(WSJ, 8/30/08, p.A8)
1959 Mar 10, In Tibet an
uprising against Chinese occupation force took place in Lhasa. China
reacted harshly, arrested tens of thousands and held strict control
until the late 1970s. The Chinese forced the Dalai Lama, Tenzin
Gyatso, and many of his followers to flee to India. The Communists
destroyed 6,500 monasteries. About 250 monks of the Drepung Loseling
Monastery escaped to India and established a replica of their
(SFEC, 10/7/96, A12)(TMC, 1994, p.1959)(SFC,
10/10/96, p.E1)(WSJ, 9/4/97, p.A9)(MC, 3/10/02)
1959 Mar 28, China announced
the dissolution of the Tibetan government. The State Council of the
People's Republic of China dissolved the Government of Tibet, which
according to official history, liberated Tibetans from feudalism and
theocracy. On January 19, 2009, this day was adopted as a holiday,
Serf Emancipation Day, by the Tibetan legislature.
1959 Mar 30, Dalai Lama
(b.1935), Tenzin Gyatso, having fled the Chinese suppression of a
national uprising in Tibet, crossed the border into India. India
granted him political asylum.
1959 Jul 17, Tibet abolished
1959-1961 Almost all animal husbandry stopped and
food reserves of Tibetan nomads were confiscated by the Chinese.
(SFC, 2/12/98, p.A12)
1960 Tibetan fighters retreated
to a mountain range on Tibets border with Nepal, known as Mustang.
(WSJ, 8/30/08, p.A8)
1962 The Panchem Lama, senior
Buddhist cleric after the Dalai Lama, issued a 120-page report that
described conditions in Tibet under Chinese control: "The 70,000
Character Petition." He described starvation due to the Chinese
"Great leap Forward" program when authorities confiscated the
nomads food reserves. The Panchem Lama was arrested and sent to
Beijing for rehabilitation [for 14 years] until 1988.
(SFEC, 10/7/96, A12)(SFC, 2/12/98, p.A12)
1962 The Chinese exacted
control over western Tibet and many nomad refugees fled to Ladakh.
Only 70 of Tibets 2,500 Buddhist monasteries remained.
(SFEC,12/14/97, p.T4)(SFC, 2/12/98, p.A12)
1964 Tashi Tsering returned to
Tibet after studying in the US and joined the Chinese Red Guards. He
was soon arrested and exonerated in 1978. He desired the overthrow
of Tibets feudal system and continued to work for education in
Tibet. In 1997 he published "The Struggle for Modern Tibet."
(SFEC,12/14/97, BR p.4)
1965 Sep 9, Tibet was made an
autonomous region of China.
1972-1974 The Dalai Lama urged Tibetan fighters to
return to India. Many committed suicide rather than give up the
fight against Chinese rule.
(WSJ, 8/30/08, p.A8)
1979 Sep 25, The 14th Dalai
Lama arrived in SF for a weeklong visit.
(SFC, 9/24/04, p.F9)
1979 Chinese leader Deng
Xiaoping met with Gyalo Thondup, the brother of the Dalai Lama,
beginning nearly a decade of on and off dialogue over Tibet.
(WSJ, 8/30/08, p.A8)
1979 Gungthang Rinpoche,
Buddhist leader from the Labrang monastery, was released from prison
after serving over 20 years. He had refused to cooperate with
Chinese authorities after the takeover of Tibet.
(SFC, 3/6/00, p.A23)
1980 Aug 20, Reinhold Messner
of Italy became the 1st to solo ascent Mt. Everest.
1983 Tanak Jigme (57) Sangpo,
teacher, was sentenced to prison for "counterrevolutionary
propaganda and incitement" against the Chinese government. He was
released in 2002 after 19 years in Drapchi prison.
(SFC, 4/4/02, p.A7)
1984 Richard Jay Kohn (d.2000
at 51), Tibetan scholar, filmed his documentary "Lord of the Dance /
Destroyer of Illusion." It featured the ritual festival of Mani
Rimdu that dated back to the 9th century.
(SFC, 6/2/00, p.D6)
1984 China began sending huge
work teams into Tibet to build roads and infrastructure.
(SFC, 2/1/00, p.A12)
1985 Ned Gilette (d.1998 at 53)
and Jan Reynolds published "Everest Grand Circle: A Climbing and
Skiing Adventure Through Nepal and Tibet."
(SFC, 8/15/98, p.A24)
1985 Ogyen Trinley, recognized
in 1992 by the Chinese government and the Dalai Lama as the
incarnate 17th Karmapa, was born to nomadic parents in the Lhathok
region of Tibet.
1985 Ma Jian, Chinese Buddhist
poet and dissident, fled Tibet. In 1987 he published Stick Out Your
Tongue, an account of his travels in Tibet. The book was denounced
and banned n China. In 2006 it was translated to English.
(SSFC, 6/4/06, p.M3)
1986 Feb 2, Dalai Lama met Pope
John Paul II in India.
1987 Tibetan Buddhist guru
Trungpa Rinpoche died.
(SSFC, 10/14/01, p.B5)
1988 Hu Jintao was appointed as
the top Chinese party official in Tibet.
(WSJ, 5/17/99, p.A21)
1988 Tashi Tsering completed
his 15,000 word, trilingual Chinese-Tibetan-English dictionary. He
wrote an autobiography in 1997 with 2 American professors titled:
"The Struggle for Modern Tibet: The Autobiography of Tashi Tsering."
(WSJ, 9/4/97, p.A9)
1989 Jan, Choekyi Gyaltsen, the
Panchen Lama, died in Tashilumpo Monastery. In 2000 Isabel Hilton
authored "The Search for the Panchen Lama."
(SFEC, 10/7/96, A12)(WSJ, 6/9/00, p.W9)
1989 Mar, Hu Jintao, Chinese
Party Secretary, imposed martial law in Tibet to quell separatist
unrest following the worst there violence in 30 years. Martial law
was not lifted until May 1990.
(SSFC, 3/11/01, p.D8)(Econ, 3/22/08, p.28)
1989 Oct 5, The Dalai Lama, the
spiritual and temporal leader of Tibet, was named winner of the
Nobel Peace Prize.
(WSJ, 12/2/98, p.A22)(AP, 10/5/99)
1991 The Assembly of Tibetan
Peoples Deputies adopted the Charter of Tibetans in Exile. It
transferred the power to select a cabinet from the Dalai Lama to the
(WSJ, 12/2/98, p.A22)
1992 Sep 27, In Tibet Ogyen
Trinley Dorje (7) was enthroned as the 17th Karmapa under an
agreement with the Chinese government.
1992 The Dalai Lama announced
the Guidelines for Future Tibets Polity. It was based on the hope
for a negotiated settlement with the Chinese government for full
(WSJ, 12/2/98, p.A22)
1993 China and the Tibet
Autonomous Region established the Chang Tang Reserve setting aside
at least 109,000 sq. mls. Added to the smaller, contiguous Arjin
Shan Region, the total preserved area is now almost as a large as
(NH, 5/96, p.52)
1993 The Tibet Transit School
near Dharamsala, India, was founded for arrivals from Tibet aged
(Econ, 12/24/05, p.57)
1994 The 17th Karmapa, Ugyen
Trinley Dorje (8), visited Pres. Jiang Zemin in Beijing and was
recognized as the legitimate holder of the title. Dorje escaped to
India from Tsurphu Monastery in 2000.
(SFC, 1/7/00, p.D3)
1995 May 14, The 11th
reincarnation of the Panchen Lama, Gedhun Choikyi Nyima, was
announced by the exiled Dalai Lama. Gedhun Choekyi (5) disappeared
days after his designation. Six months later China declared
Gyaincain Norbu (Gyaltsen Norbu) (5) as the 11th Panchen Lama.
(SFC, 5/8/97, p.C2)(SFC, 6/19/99, p.A11)(SFC,
1995 Sep, Ngawang Choepel, a
musician on a Fullbright scholarship, was arrested on grounds of
espionage. He had arrived as a Chinese citizen to make a documentary
on folk music and dance.
(SFC, 12/28/96, p.A13)(SFC, 8/11/00, p.A18)
1996 Dec 27, Ngawang Choepel, a
musician on a Fullbright scholarship, was sentenced to 18 years in
prison for espionage. He had arrived as a Chinese citizen in 1995 to
make a documentary on folk music and dance.
(SFC, 12/28/96, p.A13)
1996 The Chinese government was
building a 112,500 kilowatt hydroelectric station at Yamdrok Lake
(SFC, 10/29/96, p.A6)
1996 The World Bank proposed to
move 58,000 poor Chinese farmers from the eastern half of Qinghai
300 miles west to an area of Tibet called Dulan. The $81 million
project faced heavy opposition prior to a Bank vote in 1999.
(SFC, 6/18/99, p.D2)
1997 May 7, Chadrel Rinpoche, a
senior Tibetan monk, was sentenced to 6 years in prison for plotting
to split China and leaking state secrets. He led the Beijing
approved search for the 11th reincarnation of the Panchen Lama and
was suspected to have leaked the information to the Dalai Lama.
(SFC, 5/8/97, p.C3)
1997 Jul, Chinese authorities
closed down the 700-year old Jonang monastery and sent the monks
home after they refused to denounce the Dalai Lama.
(SFC, 1/29/99, p.E9)
1997 Chinese authorities
ordered nuns to leave the 800 year-old Rakhor nunnery and everything
except the main assembly hall was destroyed.
(SFC, 1/29/99, p.E9)
1997 The book "The Voice That
Remembers" is the story of Ama Adhe told to Joy Blakeslee about her
27 year imprisonment by Chinese communists in labor camps in Tibet.
(SFEC,12/14/97, BR p.4)
1997 The film "Seven Years in
Tibet" was directed by Jean-Jacques Annaud. It was about the
Austrian mountaineer Heinrich Harrer, who tutored the Dalai Lama in
the 1940s and chronicled human rights abuses. Harrer had also been a
Nazi storm trooper in 1933.
(SFC, 8/19/97, p.E4)
1997 The Kham Aid Foundation
was established to aid Tibet within the Chinese system
(WSJ, 2/3/00, p.A24)
1998 Mar 10, In India 6
Tibetans in New Delhi, aged 28-70, began a hunger strike to force
the UN to address Tibets dispute with China.
(SFC, 4/15/98, p.C2)
1998 Jun, Five nuns at the
Drapchi prison committed suicide in the face of Chinese torture. The
nuns had been arrested for protesting Chinas occupation of Tibet.
They were tortured for refusing to sing patriotic songs.
(SFC, 10/6/00, p.A18)
1998 Nov 8, In Tibet Ian Baker
and a team sponsored by National Geographic discovered the Hidden
Falls of Dorge Pagmo. In 2004 Baker authored The heart of the
World: A Journey to the Last Secret Place.
(SSFC, 11/21/04, p.E1)
1998 The exiled 14th Dalai
Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, authored "The Art of Happiness," based on his
conversations with psychiatrist Howard Cutler.
(SFEC, 8/22/99, BR p.7)
1998 The film "Knowledge of
Healing" was made by Eliot Tokar and was about the holistic practice
of Tibetan medicine.
(SFC, 2/19/98, p.E1)
1998 The Martin Scorsese film
"Kundun," about the Dalai Lama, opened. The music was by Philip
(SFC, 9/5/97, p.C3)(SFEC, 1/18/98, DB p.42)
1998 The documentary film "The
Saltmen of Tibet" was about a 45 day search for salt and showed at
the SF Film Fest.
(SFEC, 4/12/98, DB p.55)
1998 The Dalai Lama
acknowledged receiving $1.7 million a year in the 1960s from the US
CIA, but denied having personally benefited.
(WSJ, 8/30/08, p.A8)
1999 Jun 24, The World Bank
approved a plan to relocate 58,000 poor Chinese farmers to land
historically farmed by Tibet. However work on the $40 million
project was delayed pending a review panel.
(SFC, 6/25/99, p.A14)(WSJ, 6/25/99, p.A1)
1999 Aug 26, In Tibet Tashi
Tsering, a carpenter, lowered the Chinese flag in the capital and
attempted to put up the banned Tibetan flag. He was arrested and
died on Oct 13 from beatings while under Chinese police custody.
(SFC, 10/14/99, p.A14)
1999 Oct 25, It was reported
that the chiru, a goat from the high Tibetan plateau, was seriously
endangered and down to some 75,000. The animal's hide is used to
make expensive shahtoosh shawls.
(WSJ, 10/25/99, p.A1,15)
1999 Oct, To world-class
mountain climber Alex Lowe died under an avalanche.
(WSJ, 10/14/99, p.A26)
1999 The exiled 14th Dalai
Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, authored "Ethics for the New Millennium."
(SFEC, 8/22/99, BR p.7)
1999 Ogyen Trinley, recognized
by the Chinese government and the Dalai Lama as the incarnate 17th
Karmapa, fled to India.
(Econ, 12/24/05, p.56)
1999 The Chinese film "Red
River Valley" starred Ning Jing and Ying Zhen. It was shot in Tibet
and directed by Feng Xiaoning.
(SFC, 10/1/99, p.C7)
2000 Jan 5, The 17th Karmapa,
Ugyen Trinley Dorje (14), arrived in India after a week-long flight
from Tsurphu Monastery.
(SFC, 1/7/00, p.D3)
2000 Jan 16, In Lhasa, Tibet,
Soinam Puncog (2), was designated the 7th Reting Lama in a ceremony
presided over by Chinese authorities.
(SFC, 1/18/00, p.A8)
2000 Feb 29, Gungthang
Rinpoche, 2nd most senior leader of the Labrang monastery, died at
age 74. He had spent over 20 years in prison for refusing to
cooperate with Chinese authorities after the takeover of Tibet.
(SFC, 3/6/00, p.A23)
2000 Jul 1, In Washington DC
thousands of Tibetans and their supporters rallied to urge the World
Bank to scrap a plan to resettle some 60,000 poor farmers, many of
them Chinese, on traditional Tibetan lands.
(SFEC, 7/2/00, p.A16)
2000 Jul 7, The World Bank
cancelled its Chinese resettlement project for Tibet. China then
withdrew its request for a $40 million loan and vowed to proceed
with its own development program.
(SFC, 7/8/00, p.A10)
2000 Orville Schell, Prof. at
UC Berkeley, authored "Virtual Tibet." It traced the history of
Western contact with Tibet.
(SFEC, 5/21/00, p.B13)
2001 Feb 8, In China the
cabinet approved a 700-mile rail line to link Lhasa, Tibet, and
(WSJ, 2/9/00, p.A1)
2001 Feb 24, Ugyen Thinley
Dorje (15), the 17th Karmapa Lama, led prayers to mark the Tibetan
year of the iron snake in northern India.
(SSFC, 2/25/01, p.A16)
2001 Jun 29, A new $2.4 billion
700-mile railway project was begun to connect Lhasa, Tibet, to the
(SSFC, 7/1/01, p.A18)
2002 Jan 23, It was reported
that China was moving 17,000 settlers to a traditionally Tibetan
(WSJ, 1/23/02, p.A1)
2002 Apr, There was a bomb
blast in Chengdu, China. Tibetan monks Lobsang Dhondup (28) and
Tenzin Deleg Rinpoche were detained. Dhondup was executed Jan 27,
(SFC, 1/28/03, p.A6)
2002 Oct 12, Dolma Tsering won
the first Miss Tibet beauty pageant, an event its organizers said
would reinforce Tibetan identity.
2002 Michael McRae authored
"The Siege of Shangri-La," an account of the attempts to reach
Tibets inner Tsangpo Gorge.
(WSJ, 1/24/03, p.W9)
2002 China began constructing a
$3.2 billion railroad to Tibet, to be completed in 2007.
(SFC, 11/5/03, p.A13)
2003 India changed its verbiage
on Tibet to say that the Tibet Autonomous Region is part of China as
opposed to the previous description of Tibet as an autonomous region
(Econ, 11/18/06, p.16)
2005 Jun 28, In Madrid a
Tibetan group presented a criminal case against top Chinese
officials for genocide and crimes against humanity, seeking to take
advantage of Spain's laws on international human rights crimes.
2005 Nov 8, Tibet's spiritual
leader the Dalai Lama spoke in Washington DC and accused the Chinese
authorities of imposing "very, very repressive" policies in his
2005 China appointed Zhang
Qingli, a Han Chinese, as Tibets party chief.
(Econ, 3/22/08, p.29)
2006 Jun 3, Thousands of
Tibetan exiles cast their votes for a de facto prime minister.
Voting for one of two candidates took place at 53 polling stations
set up by the election commission in India, Nepal, North America,
Europe, Australia and Taiwan.
2006 Jul 1, Chinas new $4.2
billion, 710-mile-long railway from Golmud to Lhasa, Tibet, began
operations. Canadas Bombardier manufactured high-tech cars for the
Sky Train with regulated oxygen levels to cope with 16,500-foot
(SFC, 6/30/06, p.A18)(Reuters, 7/1/06)
2006 Jul 3, China's new train
from Beijing to Tibet arrived in the ancient capital of Lhasa,
ending its maiden journey after climbing to elevations so high that
ballpoint pens and packaged foods burst.
2006 Jul 26, An unhappy China
said that Canada's decision to bestow honorary citizenship on the
Dalai Lama could hurt commercial relations between the two
2006 Sep 30, In Tibet Sergiu
Matei, a Romanian cameraman with an expedition climbing Cho Oyu,
shot a video that shows Chinese forces fatally shooting Tibetan
refugee Kelsang Namtso (17), who was with a group of people trying
to flee to Nepal at the 19,000-foot Nanpa La Pass. Chinese border
guards opened fire on some 75 Tibetans making their way over a
19,000-foot-high Himalayan pass, killing a 25-year-old Buddhist nun
and another person. 32 were caught and detained. In January Jamyang
Samten (15), one of those detained, escaped to India and provided
the first reported account of the fate of the group. Some 3,000
Tibetans continued to sneak across the border to Nepal and India
every year. In 2010 Jonathan Green authored Murder in the High
Himalaya: Loyalty, Tragedy, and Escape from Tibet.
(AP, 10/14/06)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.18)(AP,
1/30/07)(Econ, 6/12/10, p.96)
2006 Oct 13, Pope Benedict XVI
met privately with the Dalai Lama, the spiritual leader of Tibet,
but the Vatican released no details of the low-key visit that was
not even listed on the pontiff's official calendar.
2006 Nov 23, In India a Tibetan
activist protesting against Chinese rule in the Himalayan region set
himself on fire outside a hotel where China's president was staying.
An official later said the activist was not seriously injured.
2007 Apr 25, China detained
four Americans on Mount Everest after they called for independence
for Tibet and protested the Beijing Olympics. More than 50 children
were poisoned by a kindergarten breakfast in Zhengzhou city in Henan
province, in the latest case highlighting problems in the country's
food supply chain.
(AP, 4/25/07)(AP, 4/26/07)
2007 Apr 27, China said it has
expelled five Americans who staged a protest against the Olympics on
Mount Everest to challenge Chinese rule over the mountainous region.
2007 Jun 12, Australian PM John
Howard agreed to meet the Dalai Lama after opponents charged he was
afraid of offending China, drawing an immediate rebuke from Beijing.
The Dalai Lama warned major nations not to try to contain China's
economic and military rise, and urged countries like Australia to
use their trading clout to pressure Beijing on human rights.
(AP, 6/12/07)(Reuters, 6/12/07)
2007 Jun 14, In Australia New
Zealand PM Helen Clark met briefly with the Dalai Lama as they both
toured Australia, where the Tibetan spiritual leader's visit has
drawn fire from China.
2007 Aug 3, China asserted the
sole right to recognize living Buddhas, reincarnations of famous
lamas that form the backbone of the religion's clergy. All future
incarnations of living Buddhas related to Tibetan Buddhism must get
2007 Oct 10, Some 30 Tibetan
exiles protesting Chinese religious policies stormed the Chinese
Embassy in New Delhi, with several breaching the front gate and
chaining themselves to the flag pole inside.
2007 Oct 16,
President Bush and the Dalai Lama met with a ceremony planned
for tomorrow to award the spiritual leader the Congressional Gold
Medal. China warned that the events are bad for US-Chinese ties.
2007 Oct 17,
President Bush attended a ceremony in which the Dalai Lama was
awarded the Congressional Gold Medal, Congress highest civilian
honor. China lodged an official protest over the honoring of the
Dalai Lama in Washington, while bluntly rejecting US President
George W. Bush's advice on how to handle the Tibet issue.
(AFP, 10/16/07)(WSJ, 10/18/07, p.A1)
2007 Oct 21, A Hong Kong
newspaper reported that police in the capital of Tibet clashed for
four days with Buddhist monks trying to celebrate the awarding of a
congressional honor for the Dalai Lama.
2007 Oct 29,
Canadas PM Harper received Tibet's exiled spiritual leader in
his office in Parliament. He presented the 1989 Nobel laureate with
a maple-leaf scarf. The next day China condemned Harper for
"disgusting conduct" for playing host to the Dalai Lama.
2007 Nov 20, A Chinese court
sentenced a Tibetan nomad to eight years in prison for seeking
Tibetan independence after he urged a crowd to proclaim loyalty to
the Dalai Lama.
2007 Dec 5, A Tibetan woman
said that she pulled out of a beauty pageant in Malaysia after
organizers, reacting to pressure from Beijing, told her halfway
through the event that she could only participate if she added
"China" to her "Miss Tibet" title.
2007 A rail line from Chinas
Qinghai province to Lhasa, Tibet, was expected to be completed. The
worlds highest railroad required pressurized rail cars.
(SFC, 2/24/05, p.A1)
2008 Mar 10, Hundreds of
Tibetan exiles began a six-month march from India to Tibet to
protest Beijing's hold on the Himalayan region and China's hosting
of the Olympic Games. Indian police barred the Tibetan exiles from
(AP, 3/10/08)(WSJ, 3/11/08, p.A1)
2008 Mar 11, Thousands of
Chinese security personnel fired tear gas to try to disperse more
than 600 monks taking part in a second day of rare street protests
2008 Mar 13, Indian police
arrested 100 Tibetan exiles trying to walk to their homeland as part
of a major protest ahead of the Beijing Olympics, although the
demonstrators vowed the march would go on.
2008 Mar 14, In Tibet angry
protesters set shops ablaze and gunfire in Lhasa as the largest
demonstrations in two decades against Chinese rule turned violent
months ahead of the Beijing Olympics. 18 people died in the
conflagration or from physical assaults. The government later said
losses amounted to 280 million yuan ($41 million).
(AP, 3/14/08)(Econ, 2/6/10, p.43)
2008 Mar 15, China kept
government workers confined to their offices and ordered tourists
out of Tibet's capital while lines of soldiers sealed off streets
where riots had erupted. A Tibetan exile group said at least 30
people were killed in protests a day earlier. Tibet's
government-in-exile demanded the UN intervene to end what it called
"urgent human rights violations" by China in the region following
2008 Mar 16, The Dalai Lama
called for an international investigation into China's crackdown
against protesters in Tibet, which he said is facing a "cultural
genocide" and where his exiled government said 80 people were killed
in the violence. Internet users in China were blocked from seeing
YouTube.com after dozens of videos about protests in Tibet appeared
on the popular US video Web site.
2008 Mar 17, China denounced
attacks on its embassies by pro-Tibetan activists hours before a
deadline for rioters in Lhasa to turn themselves in and said it
would do all in its power to protect its territorial integrity.
2008 Mar 18, In India the Dalai
Lama vowed he would resign as leader of Tibet's exiles if violence
back home worsened, just hours before his aides said 19 people were
killed in new demonstrations.
2008 Mar 18, Protesters in
Australia burned Chinese flags, demanding freedom for Tibet,
following similar demonstrations in Europe and the US against
Beijing's crackdown on anti-government riots in the Himalayan
2008 Mar 19, China called the
Dalai Lama a "wolf in monk's robes" and said it was locked in a
"life-and-death battle" with his supporters after protests marking
the biggest challenge to Chinese rule in Tibet in almost two
decades. Lhasa prosecutors announced the arrest of 24 suspects on
charges of endangering state security.
(AP, 3/19/08)(WSJ, 3/20/08, p.A1)
2008 Mar 20, China sent
additional troops into restive areas and made more arrests in the
Tibetan capital Lhasa in an effort to suppress anti-government
protests even as the Dalai Lama offered face-to-face negotiations
with Chinese leaders. Tibet authorities said they had arrested
dozens of people involved in a wave of anti-Chinese violence. China
forced the last remaining foreign journalists out of Tibet, and
stepped up restrictions on Internet and radio reports from people
within the country.
(AP, 3/20/08)(Reuters, 3/20/08)(AP, 3/21/08)
2008 Mar 21, A regulator said
China will shut down or punish dozens of video-sharing Web sites for
carrying content deemed pornographic, violent or a threat to
national security under rules that tighten Internet controls.
Chinas government stepped up its manhunt for protesters in last
week's riots in the capital of Tibet, as thousands of troops
converged on foot, trucks and helicopters to Tibetan areas of
2008 Mar 22, China said 19
people died in riots in the Tibetan capital last week and official
media warned against the unrest spreading to the northwest region of
Xinjiang, where Uighur Muslims bridle under Chinese control. Exiled
Tibetans claim as many as 100 have died in the protests which
spilled over this week into neighboring ethnic-Tibetan areas.
2008 Mar 23, China attacked
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi for her recent meeting with the Dalai
Lama, accusing her and other "human rights police" of double
standards and ignoring the truth about the unrest in Tibet. Han
residents said some 500 Uighurs protested in Khotan in the
northwestern Xinjiang region. A bombing targeted a government
building in the town of Gyanbe. Chinese authorities later arrested 9
monks for the bombing.
(AP, 3/23/08)(SFC, 4/3/08, p.A8)(AFP, 4/13/08)
2008 Mar 24, An exiled Tibetan
leader said 2 weeks of protests against China's rule of Tibet have
left about 130 people dead.
2008 Mar 25, In Nepal police
armed with bamboo sticks stopped a protest by Tibetan refugees and
monks in front of the Chinese Embassy and arrested about 100
2008 Mar 26, China announced
the surrender of hundreds of people over anti-government riots among
Tibetans and allowed the first group of foreign journalists to visit
the regional capital since the violence.
2008 Mar 27, A group of monks
shouting there was no religious freedom disrupted a carefully
orchestrated visit for foreign reporters to Tibet's capital, an
embarrassment for China as it tried to show Lhasa was calm following
deadly anti-government riots.
2008 Mar 28, China allowed the
first foreign diplomats to visit Tibet following deadly riots, as
Germany joined some other European nations in announcing its leader
would skip the Olympics opening. Police closed off Lhasa's Muslim
quarter, two weeks after Tibetan rioters burned down the city's
mosque during the largest anti-Chinese protests in nearly two
2008 Mar 29, In Kathmandu,
Nepal, around 80 Tibetan protesters shouting "stop the killing in
Tibet" were hauled away in police vehicles and detained after
demonstrating outside the Chinese embassy.
2008 Mar 31, Chinese
authorities arrested suspects in four arson and murder cases
stemming from anti-government riots that engulfed the Tibetan
capital in mid-March.
2008 Apr 3, In Tibet Wang
Xiangming, the deputy Communist Party secretary of Lhasa, said 800
had been arrested in local violence, while another 280 had
surrendered to take advantage of a police offer of leniency. New
violence broke out in a volatile Tibetan region of western China,
leaving eight people dead. Chinese police opened fire during a
"riot" in a Tibetan populated area of southwest China.
(AP, 4/3/08)(AP, 4/4/08)(AFP, 4/4/08)
2008 Apr 3, Hu Jia, a Buddhist
Chinese dissident outspoken on Tibet and other sensitive topics, was
jailed for three-and-a-half years, a conviction likely to become a
focus of rights campaigns ahead of the Beijing Olympics.
(Reuters, 4/3/08)(WSJ, 4/4/08, p.A1)
2008 Apr 6, Thousands of
anti-China protesters draped in Tibetan flags disrupted the Olympic
torch relay through London, billed as a journey of harmony and
2008 Apr 7, Security officials
extinguished the Olympic torch three times as protests against
China's human rights record turned a relay through Paris into a
chaotic series of stops and starts. France's former sports minister,
Jean-Francois Lamour, said that though the torch had been put out,
the Olympic flame itself still burned in the lantern where it is
kept overnight and on airplane flights.
2008 Apr 8, The riot-damaged
market in the Tibetan capital of Lhasa opened its doors amid plans
to allow foreign tourists to enter the restive region by the end of
2008 Apr 12, Chinese President
Hu Jintao defended the crackdown on protests in Tibet and denied the
disturbances were linked to human rights in his first public
comments on the incident.
2008 Apr 14, Chinas state
television said police found 30 firearms in a Tibetan monastery in
Aba prefecture of Sichuan province last month.
2008 Apr 16, Chinas state
media reported that over the last 2 days police in northeastern
Gansu province have found guns, dynamite, bullets and satellite
receivers hidden in 11 Tibetan Buddhist monasteries.
2008 Apr 21, The Paris city
council bestowed the title of "honorary citizen" on the Dalai Lama.
2008 Apr 25, China's government
agreed to a meeting with an envoy of exiled Tibetan leader the Dalai
Lama, a step that follows weeks of calls from world leaders for
dialogue in the wake of anti-government protests in Tibet.
2008 Apr 25, In Japan
protesters waved the Tibetan flag and denounced China's rulers as
the Beijing Olympic torch arrived for the latest leg of a worldwide
relay marred by demonstrations.
2008 Apr 28, In China a
policeman and a Tibetan activist were killed following a raid
against ethnic Tibetans in Qinghai province.
(WSJ, 5/1/08, p.A11)
2008 May 4, China's Pres. Hu
Jintao said he was hoping for positive results with envoys of the
Dalai Lama, as talks opened, but state media kept up a barrage of
attacks on Tibet's exiled spiritual leader. In Shenzhen envoys of
the Dalai Lama and Chinese officials held a day of talks aimed at
mending fences following a wave of unrest that pushed Tibet to
centre stage ahead of the 2008 Olympics. They agreed to further
(Reuters, 5/4/08)(Reuters, 5/5/08)
2008 May 8, A Chinese
mountaineering team took the Olympic flame to the top of Mount
Everest, a feat dreamed up to underscore China's ambitions for the
2008 May 11, In Nepal police
detained more than 600 female Tibetan protesters, including many
Buddhist nuns, after breaking up several demonstrations against
China's recent crackdown in Tibet.
2008 May 20, The Dalai Lama
began an 11-day visit to Britain, including talks with PM Gordon
Brown who faces a delicate balancing act between supporting Tibetan
rights while not offending China.
2008 Jun 25, China re-opened
Tibet to foreign tourists after claiming victory over the worst
unrest there in decades -- which led Beijing to all but seal off the
area from the outside world.
2008 Aug 7, Critics of China's
human rights record made sure they were not forgotten, a day before
the grand opening of the Beijing Olympics, with protest actions the
world over and in China itself. Thousands of Tibetan exiles
demonstrated in Nepal and India.
(AFP, 8/7/08)(AP, 8/7/08)
2008 Aug 23, The Tibetan
spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama, left Paris on a flight bound for
New Delhi after concluding a 12-day visit that fuelled tensions
between Paris and Beijing.
2008 Sep 11, Nepalese officials
said Tibetan exiles living in Kathmandu illegally are to be deported
in a bid to curb anti-China protests threatening Nepal's ties with
its giant neighbor.
2008 Oct 6, A magnitude 6.6
earthquake killed at least 10 people in Yangyi, Tibet, the hardest
hit village in Dangxiong County.
(Reuters, 10/6/08)(AP, 10/7/08)
2008 Oct 29, David Miliband,
Britains foreign secretary, acknowledged Chinas suzerainty over
(Econ, 11/8/08, p.54)
2008 Nov 14, In Tibet 18 people
died after a bus overturned in Naqu district..
2008 Nov 22, Nearly 600 Tibetan
exiles gathered at Dharamsala, India, at the behest of the Dalai
Lama ended a 6-day meeting. They reaffirmed their absolute faith
and allegiance in the Dalai Lamas leadership and agreeing to
pursue for Tibets autonomy. They did not rule out a possible shift
in policy to independence if current middle-way policy with China
fails to yield any result in the near future.
2008 Dec 7, China protested
strongly to France over President Nicolas Sarkozy's meeting with the
Dalai Lama, calling it a "rude intervention" into Chinese affairs.
2008 Dec 25, Chinese state
media reported that 59 people in Tibet have been detained on charges
that they sought to foment unrest by spreading ethnic hatred and by
downloading and selling banned songs from the Internet.
(SFC, 12/26/08, p.A16)
2008 Tubten Khetsun authored
Memories of Life in Lhasa Under Chinese Rule.
(Econ, 3/22/08, p.93)
2009 Jan 18, Chinas public
security bureau of Lhasa, Tibet, launched a "strike hard" campaign
against crime, with raids on residential areas, Internet cafes,
bars, rented rooms, hotels and guesthouses.
2009 Jan 28, Chinas state
media said at least 81 people have been detained as the country
launched a security sweep in Tibet ahead of one of the region's most
sensitive anniversaries in years.
2009 Feb 12, Local officials
confirmed that swaths of western China that have large Tibetan
populations have been declared off limits to foreign visitors, ahead
of the politically sensitive 50th anniversary of a failed Tibetan
2009 Feb 24, Tour agencies and
other industry people reported that China has closed Tibet to
foreign tourists ahead of next month's highly sensitive 50th
anniversary of a failed uprising against Chinese rule.
2009 Feb 27, A Tibetan monk, in
his late 20s, was shot after dousing himself with petrol and setting
himself alight in the Tibetan-populated town of Aba in China's
Sichuan province. Police put out the fire, and the man was taken to
hospital with burn injuries to his neck and head.
2009 Mar 1, Scores of Tibetan
monks in southwestern China marched in protest over the banning of a
prayer service, the latest incident in an apparent increase in acts
of defiance against Chinese rule ahead of sensitive anniversaries.
2009 Mar 9, China's President
Hu Jintao ordered a "Great Wall" against Tibetan separatism, as
extra soldiers were deployed to the Himalayan region on the 50th
anniversary of a failed anti-Chinese uprising. Homemade bombs
damaged police vehicles in a Tibetan part of western China.
Authorities expanded a security cordon across the restive region
ahead of the 50th anniversary of a failed revolt that sent the Dalai
Lama into exile.
(AFP, 3/9/09)(AP, 3/9/09)
2009 Mar 10, Tibetans and their
supporters rallied across the Asia-Pacific region demanding an end
to Chinese rule in their homeland on the 50th anniversary of the
Dalai Lama being forced into exile. Paramilitary police and soldiers
swarmed cities and villages in Tibet and restive western China, on
the alert for possible unrest. The Dalai Lama said Tibet had become
"hell on earth" under Beijing's control.
2009 Mar 13, Chinese Premier
Wen Jiabao said Beijing is willing to hold talks with the Dalai Lama
if Tibet's exiled spiritual leader abandons his separatist cause, as
he defended his government's hard-line policies toward the region.
2009 Mar 21, In northwestern
China hundreds of Tibetans attacked a police station and government
officials despite heightened security, prompting the arrests the
next day of nearly 100 monks. The protest appeared to be in response
to the disappearance of a Tibetan who escaped from police custody in
2009 Mar 28, Tibetans rallied
against the Chinas new holiday, Serfs Liberation Day, on the 50th
anniversary of Beijings crushing of a Tibetan uprising that led to
the Dalai lamas exile.
2009 Apr 5, State media said
China has reopened Tibet to foreign tourists almost two months after
imposing a ban ahead of politically sensitive anniversaries.
2009 Apr 8, China's state media
said a court in Tibet has sentenced two people to death over riots
in Lhasa last year, in what was the harshest sentence yet reported
over the deadly unrest. Xinhua said the crimes committed by the five
defendants resulted in seven deaths and the destruction of five
shops in Lhasa.
2009 Apr 21, In China three
people were sentenced to lengthy prison terms for deadly arson
attacks during last year's rioting in the Tibetan capital.
2009 Aug 27, Taiwan's president
angered China with his surprise announcement that he has agreed to
let the Dalai Lama visit the island to comfort survivors of a
2009 Sep 4, The Dalai Lamas
visit to Taiwan ended following prayers for the souls of almost 700
dead from the recent ravages of Typhoon Morakot.
(Econ, 9/5/09, p.46)
2009 Sep 9, The Dalai Lama
received Slovakia's Jan Langos award for his promotion of human
rights and his leadership in the nonviolent campaign by Tibetans
seeking autonomy from China. The Jan Langos Foundation gives its
award to "an outstanding figure of the local defiance against
oppressed regimes and their security services" and to civil servants
and politicians who "endeavor for human dignity and freedom."
2009 Oct 20, China executed 2
people for their roles in deadly protests last year in the
Chinese-controlled region of Tibet, the first known executions for
the violence. Lobsang Gyaltsen (28) and Loyak (30), who goes by one
name, were sentenced to death in April on charges relating to
"starting fatal fires."
2009 Nov 8, In India joyous
Buddhist pilgrims welcomed the Dalai Lama back to the Himalayan town
he first set foot in five decades ago while fleeing Chinese rule in
his native Tibet, a rare trip close to his homeland that has angered
2009 Dec 28, Dhondup Wangchen
(35), a Tibetan filmmaker, was sentenced to six years in prison. He
had made a documentary that was highly critical of the Chinese
government's policies in Tibet. "Leaving Fear Behind" features
ordinary Tibetans and the filmmaker himself saying that Beijing's
policies in Tibet are threatening the remote region's traditional
Buddhist culture. It was filmed in Tibet and other ethnically
Tibetan areas of China in the run-up to the 2008 Olympic Games in
2010 Jan 29, In China envoys of
exiled Tibetan Buddhist leader the Dalai Lama arrived in Beijing for
weekend talks amid subtle shifts in China's approach to its restive,
riot-scarred western regions of Tibet and Xinjiang.
2010 Feb 18, President Barack
Obama met the Dalai Lama at the White House, brushing aside China's
warning that talks with the exiled Tibetan spiritual leader could
further damage strained Sino-US ties.
2010 Mar 6, In Tibet a truck
loaded with people heading to an ancient monastery in the Shannan
prefecture crashed killing 26 people.
(SSFC, 3/7/10, p.A6)
2010 Apr 14, In western China a
series of strong earthquakes struck a mountainous area of Tibet,
killing some 2,064 people and injuring more than 10,000, as houses
made of mud and wood collapsed. 5 days later 3 people were pulled
alive from the rubble. On May 31 the toll was raised to 2,698 with
270 still missing.
(AP, 4/14/10)(AP, 4/15/10)(AP, 4/16/10)(AP,
2010 Apr 18, Chinese President
Hu Jintao called on rescuers to keep searching for survivors as he
visited victims of a powerful quake in Tibet that left some 2,064
(AP, 4/18/10)(AP, 4/19/10)(AP, 4/21/10)
2010 Apr 23, Chinese police in
Xining, the capital of Qinghai province, detained Tagyal, a
prominent Tibetan intellectual. Tagyal had recently authored The
Line Between Earth and Sky, in which he praised the activism of
monks during the Tibetan unrest of 2008.
(Econ, 5/1/10, p.42)
2010 Jun 24, In China Karma
Samdrup, a Tibetan environmentalist once praised as a model
philanthropist, was sentenced to 15 years in prison on charges of
grave robbing and dealing in looted antiquities. Supporters said the
case was aimed at punishing his activism.
2010 Jun 26, Chinese
authorities sentenced Dorje Tashi, one of Tibet's richest
businessmen, to life in prison in Lhasa, the Tibetan capital, for
helping exile groups.
2010 Aug 17, At least 4
Tibetans were fatally shot and 30 others wounded when Chinese police
opened fire on demonstrators protesting the expansion of a gold mine
they blamed for causing environmental damage in southwestern China's
Sichuan province not far from the border with Tibet. On Aug 30 the
official Xinhua News Agency reported that a 47-year-old Tibetan
named Babo died after being hit "by a stray bullet when police fired
warning shots with an anti-riot shotgun."
(AP, 8/28/10)(AP, 8/30/10)
2010 Sep 26, Chinese
authorities said five people have been sickened with pneumonic
plague in Tibet and that the deadly disease has killed one of them.
2010 Oct 19, Tibetan students
in western China marched to protest unconfirmed plans to use the
Chinese language exclusively in classes, an unusually bold challenge
to authorities that reflects a deep unease over the marginalization
of Tibetan culture.
2010 Dec 5, In southwest China
at least 22 people died and one person was severely burned when a
spreading grassland fire swept through a mountainous Tibetan region.
2010 Dec 15, In China workers
blasted through the last part of a tunnel that connects the Tibetan
county of Metok to China's major thoroughfare.
2010 Dec 16, Gene Smith
(b.1936), librarian and Tibetologist, died in NYC. In 1999 he set up
the Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center in Boston and then in NYC.
2011 Jan 27, Indian police
raided the Gyuto monastery, home of Ugyen Thinley Dorje, the 17th
Karmapa Llama, and seized about $777,000 in cash. The top Buddhist
monk was seen as the possible next spiritual leader for Tibet. The
next day India's NDTV news chain reported Indian security officials
planned to question the Karmapa over alleged Chinese links, saying
the monk was suspected to be planning to set up a string of
pro-Chinese monasteries. On Feb 11 authorities cleared the Karmapa
saying the money found during a raid had been donated by his
(AFP, 1/28/11)(SSFC, 1/30/11, p.A4)(AP, 2/11/11)
2011 Jan 29, Tibet's
parliament-in-exile rallied behind a Buddhist monk seen as the
possible next spiritual leader for Tibet after Indian police seized
hundreds of thousands of dollars from his monastery.
2011 Mar 10, In India the Dalai
Lama (76) said that he will give up his political role in the
Tibetan government-in-exile and shift that power to an elected
2011 Mar 17, Rigzin Phuntsog
(16), a Tibetan monk at the Kirti monastery in Chinas Sichuan
province, died one day after he set himself on fire in an
anti-government protest. He was beaten and kicked by police,
prompting hundreds of monks and others to rally. In August
authorities said they will charge three Buddhist monks with murder
over the death of Phuntsog.
p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/4nsxj9p)(AFP, 4/13/11)(AP, 8/26/11)
2011 Mar 20, Some 85,000
registered Tibetans across the world began voting for a new leader
to take up the resistance against Chinese rule over their Himalayan
homeland, as the Tibetan parliament-in-exile debated how to handle
the Dalai Lama's resignation from politics.
(AP, 3/20/11)(SFC, 3/21/11, p.A2)
2011 Apr 12, In southwestern
China clashes erupted between security forces and locals at the
Kirti Tibetan Buddhist monastery in Sichuan province, under lockdown
after a monk set himself on fire and died on March 17.
2011 Apr 21, Chinese police
raided the Kirti monastery, a Tibetan Buddhist monastery where
tensions have run high over the March 17 death of a monk named
Phuntsog. Police took 300 monks to an unknown location and two
villagers trying to block the monks' removal were killed.
2011 Apr 27, Tibetan exiles
elected Lobsang Sangay (43), international law expert and Harvard
academic, as their new prime minister. He will face the daunting
task of assuming the political duties of a global icon, the Dalai
2011 May 25, In India the Dalai
Lama turned down pleas from the Tibetan community to accept a
ceremonial role in the Tibetan government-in-exile after giving up
his position as political leader.
2011 May 28, In India the Dalai
Lama signed amendments to the constitution of the Tibetan
government-in-exile giving up his position as political leader.
2011 Jul 6, Nepalese
authorities prevented exiled Tibetans from celebrating their
spiritual leader the Dalai Lama's birthday over concerns that
gatherings would turn anti-Chinese.
2011 Jul 16, Pres. Obama met
with the Dalai Lama despite a warning from Beijing that the meeting
would risk damaging relations.
(SSFC, 7/17/11, p.A8)
2011 Aug 8, In India Lobsang
Sangay, a Harvard-trained legal scholar, was sworn in as new head of
the Tibetan government-in-exile, taking over from the Dalai Lama as
the official leader of his people's fight for freedom.
2011 Aug 11, Chinese designated
lama Gyaltsen Norbu (21), the hand-picked 11th Panchen Lama, arrived
at Xiahe, home of the Labrang Monastery. He left on Aug 16 following
a cool welcome.
(SFC, 8/12/11, p.A2)(Econ, 8/20/11, p.39)
2011 Aug 15, In western China
Tsewang Norbu (29), a Buddhist monk, died after setting himself on
fire in Sichuan province's Garze Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture an
ethnically Tibetan region.
2011 Aug 29, Chinese
authorities jailed a Buddhist monk for 11 years over the March 17
self-immolation death of Rigzin Phuntsog. A court in the southern
province of Sichuan handed long jail sentences to two more monks the
next day over Phuntsogs protest at their Kirti monastery.
2011 Sep 18, In India a
magnitude 6.9 earthquake hit Sikkim state in the northeast near the
border with Nepal. Some buildings collapsed in Sikkim's state
capital of Gangtok. At least 108 people were killed with more than
100,000 homes damaged. The confirmed deaths included 6 in Nepal and
7 in Tibet.
(AP, 9/19/11)(AP, 9/20/11)(AP, 9/23/11)
2011 Sep 26, In China 2 Tibetan
monks, Lobsang Kalsang and Lobsang Konchok (believed to be 18 or 19
years old), set themselves on fire at the Kirti Monastery in a
protest over China's tight rein over Buddhist practices, as the
Chinese government reiterated it will choose the next Dalai Lama.
Both were rescued by police, suffered slight burns and were in
2011 Oct 1, In China angry
Tibetans protested in Seda, a county seat in eastern Sichuan
province, a tense area of southwestern China on the country's
National Day after a Tibetan flag and a photo of the Dalai Lama were
2011 Oct 6, Desmond Tutu's
last-ditch appeal to South Africa to grant a visa to the Dalai Lama
on the eve of his 80th birthday was rejected, marring the start of
the celebrations. The Dalai Lama cancelled a planned trip to South
Africa because of delays with his visa, provoking a furious response
from Tutu who blasted President Jacob Zuma's government as worse
than apartheid and accused him of kowtowing to China.
2011 Oct 7, In southwest China
2 teenagers set themselves on fire near a Tibetan Buddhist monastery
in Aba town amid rumors that dozens of monks were ready to sacrifice
their lives. Choepel and Khayang were former monks from Sichuan
province's Kirti monastery.
2011 Oct 17, In western China
Tenzin Wangmo (20), a Tibetan nun, committed self-immolation in a
call for religious freedom and the return of the Dalai Lama. She was
the 9th Tibetan to commit self-immolation and the first women to
kill herself in this way.
(SFC, 10/18/11, p.A4)
2011 Oct 18, Tibetan monk
Yonten Gyatso, a senior monk and human rights activist in the
restive Aba county, southwestern Sichuan province, was arrested. He
was sentenced on June 18 by Aba Intermediate People's Court, but his
family and the news organization that he contributes to only heard
about it on Aug 22. They said he was beaten, tortured and imprisoned
after his arrest.
2011 Oct 25, In China another
monk set himself ablaze outside a Tibetan monastery in southwestern
Sichuan province's Ganzi prefecture. This was the 10th
self-immolation this year protesting against Chinese rule over the
Himalayan region. London-based Free Tibet group said it was unable
to confirm the monk's age or name and was unsure of his condition.
2011 Nov 1, Nepalese police
detained more than 100 Tibetan exiles who had gathered to pray for
nine Tibetans who set themselves on fire to protest against Chinese
2011 Nov 3, Chinese state media
reported that a Buddhist nun, identified as Qiu Xiang (35), has died
after setting herself on fire, in the 11th case of self-immolation
among Tibetans in western China in recent months.
2011 Dec 6, In Tibet 12 people
were killed and five were missing after their bus plunged into a
2011 Colin Thubrin, travel
writer, authored To A Mountain in Tibet, the story of his journey
to Mount Kailas in southern Tibet.
(Econ, 4/2/11, p.81)
2012 Jan 6, In southwest China
two Tibetan men set themselves on fire near the restive Kirti
monastery, the 13th and 14th to hit Tibetan areas in less than a
year. An 18-year-old died in a hotel room while another man, aged
22, was being treated in hospital.
(AFP, 1/6/12)(AFP, 1/8/12)
2012 Jan 14, In southwest China
a Tibetan set himself on fire and police fired on hundreds of
locals, possibly killing one, as they attempted to rescue the burned
body from officials near the restive Kirti monastery in Sichuan
province's Aba county. This was the 16th self-immolation attempt in
Tibetan areas inside a year and the fourth in nine days.
2012 Jan 23, In China Police
opened fire on Tibetans protesting against religious repression,
killing at least one person and injuring more than 30 others in
Sichuan province's Luhuo county.
2012 Jan 24, In China two
Tibetans were reportedly killed and several more were wounded when
security forces opened fire on a crowd of protesters in Seda county
in politically sensitive Ganzi prefecture in Sichuan province.
2012 Jan 27, Chinese security
forces arrested a youth named Tarpa after he posted a leaflet in
Sichuan's Aba prefecture "stating that the reason for the
self-immolation protests was that Tibet must be free and the Dalai
Lama must return, and until these demands were met, there was no way
for the campaign to be stopped." Security forces fired at Tibetans
trying to stop Tarpas arrest, killing one and wounding several
others, in the third reported deadly clash in a politically
sensitive Tibetan region in a week.
2012 Feb 3, In China three
Tibetans set themselves alight in remote Phuhu village in the
southwestern province of Sichuan. One died and two others were
2012 Feb 8, In China a Tibetan
(19) set himself on fire in Sichuan province's Aba prefecture. He
was a former monk from the local Kirti monastery, which has been the
scene of protests over recent months. The monk was taken to
hospital. Radio Free Asia said Tibetan protests erupted in two
counties in Qinghai province, with about 1,000 people marching in
2012 Feb 9, In China security
forces shot dead two Tibetan brothers who were on the run after
protesting against Chinese rule.
2012 Feb 10, Chinese PM Wen
Jiabao pledged religious freedom and cultural protection in Tibet,
just hours after security forces reportedly killed two Tibetans who
protested China's rule.
2012 Feb 11, In China Tenzin
Choedron (Choedon), an 18-year-old nun, set herself on fire in
Sichuan province and later died, the latest in a spate of such
incidents among ethnic Tibetans protesting Beijing's rule.
2012 Feb 16, Indian police
detained 35 Tibetan students at a protest outside the Chinese
embassy in New Delhi against Beijing's rule over Tibet.
2012 Feb 17, In western China
Tibetan Buddhist monk Tamchoe Sangpo set himself on fire at Bongtak
monastery in Qinghai province amid a wave of such protests against
China's handling of the vast Tibetan areas it rules.
2012 Mar 1, Chinese state press
said Chen Quanguo, Chinas top leader in Tibet, has ordered
increased controls over the Internet and mobile phones, ahead of
upcoming sensitive anniversaries in the restive region.
2012 Mar 3, In northwestern
China a Tibetan teenager died after setting herself on fire. The
girl, said to be aged between 16 and 19 years old, set herself
alight at a vegetable market in Maqu county in Gansu province.
2012 Mar 4, In China a widowed
mother of four died after setting herself on fire near the restive
Kirti monastery in Aba county in Sichuan province, taking to at
least 25 the number of such incidents in Tibetan-inhabited areas in
the past year.
2012 Mar 10, In southwest China
a Tibetan teenager set himself on fire and died on the sensitive
anniversary of the Dalai Lama's flight into exile in 1959. The
18-year-old monk was from the restive Kirti Monastery and
self-immolated in Aba town in Sichuan province.
2012 Mar 16, In southwestern
China Lobsang Tsultrim (20), a Tibetan monk, set himself on fire
before being beaten and dragged away by Chinese security forces by
the Kirti monastery, Sichuan province.
(AFP, 3/16/12)(AFP, 3/21/12)
2012 Mar 17, In China Tibetan
farmer Sonam Thargyal (44) fastened cotton padding to his body and
doused himself with kerosene before setting himself on fire in
Tongren, a monastery town in western China's Qinghai province. He
had been close friends with a monk who survived a self-immolation
attempt on March 14, also in Tongren. The monk, Jamyang Palden, was
believed to be alive but critically injured.
2012 Mar 19, In China Lobsang
Tsultrim (20), a Tibetan Buddhist monk, died in detention. He set
himself on fire on March 16 in Aba town, a flashpoint for such
2012 Mar 26, In India Tibetan
exile Jamphel Yeshi lit himself on fire and ran shouting through a
demonstration in New Delhi, just ahead of a visit by China's
president. Yeshi sustained burns on 98 percent of his body and his
condition was critical. Jamphel Yeshi died on March 28.
(AP, 3/26/12)(AFP, 3/28/12)
2012 Mar 30, In China two
Tibetan monks, identified as Tenpa Darjey and Chimey Palden, set
themselves on fire in the western city of Maerkang in the latest in
a wave of self-immolations protesting against Chinese rule.
2012 Apr, Chinese deputy party
chief Zhi Haijie set up a new surveillance system in Lhasa, Tibet.
Officials called it a grid system of social management.
(Econ, 6/22/13, p.50)
2012 May 27, Two Tibetan men
set themselves on fire outside a temple in Lhasa and one died.
Xinhua named the dead man as Tobgye Tseten, from Gansu province. The
incident marked the first significant protest in Lhasa since riots
broke out there in 2008. Chinese security forces rounded up hundreds
of residents and pilgrims in the wake of the incident.
(AFP, 5/28/12)(AFP, 5/31/12)
2012 May 30, In China a woman,
identified as Rechok (33), set herself on fire outside a Buddhist
monastery in an ethnically Tibetan region of western Sichuan
2012 Jun 5, Chinese authorities
alerted foreign travel agencies that they would no longer be issuing
entry permits to Tibet.
2012 Jun 20, Ngawang Norphel
(21) set himself on fire along with another Tibetan youth, Tenzin
Kaldrup, who died at the protest in Chendou county in the western
province of Qinghai. Norphel died of his burns on Aug 1.
2012 Jul 8, China started work
on a 30-billion-yuan ($4.8-billion) tourism project in Lhasa city,
as it seeks to draw more travelers to the restive Tibet region.
2012 Aug 7, In China Dolkar Kyi
(26) immolated herself at Tso monastery in Kanlho prefecture (Gannan
in Chinese), Gansu province, after chanting slogans calling for the
return of the Dalai Lama.
2012 Aug 13, In far west China
a Kirti monk named Lungtok and another man, identified as Tashi, set
themselves alight in Sichuan province's Aba prefecture. Police beat
a Tibetan man to death during a clash that broke out after the two
Tibetans set themselves on fire.
2012 Aug 27, In China Tibetans
Lobsang Kalsang (18), a Buddhist monk, and former monk Damchoek (17)
died in hospital after setting themselves on fire in Aba town.
2012 Oct 13, In northwestern
China's Gansu province Tamdrin Dorjee (52) died at the scene near
Tsoe Monastery after setting himself on fire in protest of Chinese
rule. Free Tibet said the man is the grandfather of the 7th
2012 Oct 21, In northwest China
Tibetan Lhamo Kyeb (27) called for the Dalai Lamas return and died
after setting himself on fire near the Bhora monastery in Gansu
(SFC, 10/22/12, p.A2)
2012 Oct 23, In China Dorje
Rinchen (58), a Tibetan farmer, set himself on fire and died on the
main street in Xiahe near the Labrang Monastery.
2012 Oct 25, In China Tibetan
cousins Tsepo (20) and Tenzin (25) called for independence for Tibet
as they set fire to themselves in front of a government building in
their village in Biru county north of Lhasa.
2012 Nov 4, In China a Tibetan
artist died after setting himself on fire in Tongren, Qinghai
province, in protest over Chinese rule.
(SFC, 11/5/12, p.A2)
2012 Nov 7, In China 4
self-immolations took place. Three Tibetan teenage monks, aged
15-16, set themselves on fire outside a police office in southwest
Sichuan province. At least one died. A 23-year-old Tibetan nomadic
woman, Tamdin Tso, died after self-immolating in western Qinghai
2012 Nov 8, In China Jinpa
Gyatso, a Tibetan nomad in western Qinghai, died after setting
himself on fire.
2012 Nov 10, In northwest China
Gonpo Tsering, an 18-year-old Tibetan villager, died after setting
himself on fire in front of a monastery in the city of Hezuo. This
was the latest of a half-dozen such self-immolations reported during
the past week as the country's communist leadership undergoes a
once-a-decade transfer of power.
2012 Nov 12, In China a
24-year-old Tibetan man set himself on fire at a prayer ceremony in
Tongren county in western Qinghai province, becoming the seventh
person in six days to self-immolate in the region.
2012 Nov 20, Chinas Xinhua
News Agency reported that two Tibetan herdsmen had killed themselves
by setting themselves on fire in two separate incidents.
2012 Nov 22, In northwest China
Libong Tsering (19), a Tibetan man, set himself on fire in Qinghai
province. The latest death brings to at least 78 the number of
Tibetans who have self-immolated since 2009 in protest against
China's strict control over Tibet's Buddhist culture.
2012 Nov 25, In China 4 more
self-immolations by ethnic
Tibetans were reported over the last two days in Gansu, Sichuan and
Qinghai provinces. At least 20 students were hospitalized after a
protest turned violent in Qinghai province's Hainan prefectur.
2013 Jan 31, Chinese courts
convicted eight Tibetans over accusations they incited others to
self-immolate in the first such prosecutions to become publicly
known, showing Beijing's resolve to stamp out the protests by
criminalizing both the protesters and their supporters.
2013 Feb 8, A Chinese court
sentenced a Tibetan man to 13 years in prison for goading a monk to
self-immolate. The sentence by a court in Qinghai province followed
a news report that the government has detained 70 people in the
province's ethnic Tibetan areas.
2013 Feb 13, In Nepal a Tibetan
protester doused himself with gasoline, set himself ablaze and
chanted anti-China slogans as he ran down a street in Kathmandu.
Police and residents were able to put out the flames and rush the
man to a hospital. He died the next day.
(AP, 2/13/13)(SFC, 2/15/13, p.A2)
2013 Feb 25, In China a Tibetan
monk set himself on fire in protest against
Chinese rule near dozens of pilgrims who had
gathered for prayers to mark the end of the Tibetan New Year
festival in Gansu province. Another had set himself ablaze a day
earlier at a monastery in Qinghai province. Both died. A third monk
was taken to a hospital after setting himself alight in a separate
2013 Feb 27, Chinas state news
announced the arrests of 5 Tibetans accused of inciting a series of
self-immolations late last year.
(SFC, 2/28/13, p.A2)
2013 Mar 7, Chinese officials
castigated the Tibetan Kirti monastery, at the center of a wave of
self-immolations, saying it has been inciting the fiery protests.
They also indicated that authorities will not relax controls over
2013 Mar 16, In China Lobsang
Thokmey (28) became the 108th Tibetan to self-immolate in the last 4
years in protests against Chinese rule and religious restrictions.
He set himself on fire in Kirti monastery, Sichuan province.
(SFC, 3/18/13, p.A2)
2013 Mar 18, Chinese police
arrested the husband of a Tibetan woman who died last week after
setting herself alight in protest.
(SFC, 3/19/13, p.A2)
2013 Mar 29, In China a large
landslide trapped 83 workers, believed to have been asleep, at a
state-owned gold mining company in Gyama village, Tibet. Chances for
survivors were slim.
(AP, 3/29/13)(SFC, 3/30/13, p.A2)(SFC, 4/1/13,
2013 Apr 2, A Tibetan spokesman
said Jigme Gyatso, a noted political prisoner, was released by
Chinese authorities after 17 years in prison on charges of
endangering national security and separatism.
(SFC, 4/3/13, p.A2)
2013 Jul 6, Chinese police
opened fire on a crowd of Tibetans celebrating the birthday of the
Dalai Lama in Sichuan province. 9 people were injured.
(SFC, 7/10/13, p.A2)
2013 Aug 6, In Nepal an
unidentified Tibetan monk died after setting himself on fire in
(SFC, 8/7/13, p.A2)
2013 Oct 6, In China about 60
people were injured when security forces fired into a crowd of
Tibetan residents who were demanding the release of a fellow
villager detained for protesting orders to display the national
flag. Police also fired tear gas at those protesting in Biru county
in the Tibet Autonomous Region.
2013 Oct 8, In China Akong
Tulku Rinpoche, a prominent monk who fled Tibet in 1959 and
co-founded the West's first Tibetan monastery (Samye Ling in
Scotland), was killed along with two other people in Chengdu. Police
said three Tibetan men visited a house where the trio were staying
and stabbed them to death in an argument over money.
2013 Oct 16, Chinese state
media reported that an Australian tourist and 3 Tibetans died in an
avalanche on Mt. Everest.
(SFC, 10/16/13, p.A2)
2013 Oct 31, Chinese state
media said the last county in China to be accessible by modern land
transport was finally linked up to the rest of the country with a
new 117-km road that has taken decades to build. The 19,000 people
of deeply isolated Medog in southeastern Tibet have until now had to
depend on horses for land travel and trade.
2013 Nov 19, Spain's National
Court said it has issued arrest orders for former Chinese president
Jiang Zemin and four other Chinese officials as part of a probe into
alleged genocide by China against Tibet.
2014 Feb 10, Spanish High Court
Judge Ismael Moreno sought international arrest orders for former
Chinese President Jiang Zemin, ex-PM Li Peng and others on
allegations of genocide in Tibet.
2014 Mar 30, In China Phuntso
Wangye (b.1922), a veteran Tibetan Communist leader, died in
Beijing. He had founded the Tibetan Communist Party and later become
an outspoken critic of Beijing's hardline policies towards the
Himalayan region. His book A Long Way to Equality and Unity was
recently published in Hong Kong.
(Reuters, 3/30/14)(SFC, 3/31/14, p.C3)
2014 Apr 1, Human Rights Watch
said China has pressured Nepal to impose tough controls on thousands
of Tibetan refugees, including arbitrary detention, excessive use of
force and intrusive surveillance.