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The Tonga archipelago is 1245 miles northeast of
New Zealand. It is composed of 171 islands and islets in 3 main
groups named: Tongatapu, Ha’apai, and Vava’u.
(SFEC, 5/28/00, p.T10)
Methodist missionaries arrived from Australia.
(SFEC, 5/28/00, p.T10)
1875 Taufa’ahau Tupou authored
a constitution for Tonga.
(SSFC, 6/16/02, p.A18)
1875 The kingdom of Tonga
adopted a constitution written by a Methodist missionary. It
declared that the Sabboth is forever sacred.
(WSJ, 7/20/95, p. a-10)
1900 May 18, Britain proclaimed
a protectorate over kingdom of Tonga.
1918 Jul 4, Taufa’ahau Tupou
IV, king of Tonga (1965-2006), was born.
1965 Dec 16, Taufa’ahau Tupou
IV (1918-2006) became king of Tonga following the death of his
mother Queen Salote Tupou III.
1966 May 19, A tortoise,
reportedly given to Tonga's King by Capt. Cook in 1773), died.
1970 The South Pacific islands
of Tonga gained independence from Britain.
(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)
1971 Australia joined with New
Zealand and 14 independent of self-governing island nations to form
the South Pacific Forum. The name was changed in 2000 to Pacific
Islands Forum. Member states include: Australia, the Cook Islands,
the Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, the Marshall
Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa,
the Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu. Since 2006,
associate members territories are New Caledonia and French
1971 Michael Oliver, a Las
Vegas-based libertarian activist, created the Republic of Minerva by
dumping sand on the Minerva Reefs 310 miles southwest of Tonga. He
proclaimed independence in 1972, but Tonga annexed the place and it
(Econ, 12/24/05, p.84)
1976 Oct 14, Deborah Gardner
(23) was stabbed (22 times) to death in Tonga by Dennis Priven (24),
a fellow Peace Corps volunteer. In 2004 Philip Weiss authored
“American Taboo: A Murder in the Peace Corps.”
1997 Jun 6, Eric Lyons and Eric
Gullichsen went live with an automated web site that allowed people
to register Web sites with the .to domain, the country-code letters
(WSJ, 12/8/97, p.B21E)
1998 Dec 27, In Tonga Cyclone
Cora hit the islands and destroyed all the banana trees.
(SFC, 12/28/98, p.B1)
2000 May, King Taufa’ahauTupou
IV (81) served as the monarch. His work included efforts to put his
people on a national diet.
(SFEC, 5/28/00, p.T10)(SFC, 7/13/01, p.A16)
2002 Jun 3, King Taufa’ahau
Tupou IV filed suit against Millennium Asset Management and Jesse
Bogdonoff for the loss of some $26 million.
(SSFC, 6/16/02, p.A18)
2004 Apr, the royal Tongan
(Econ, 10/2/04, p.44)
2004 Tonga’s King Tupou IV
(1918-2006) announced that he would henceforth include people's
representatives in the 12-member appointed cabinet.
2005 In Tonga popularly elected
politicians joined the royal government for the 1st time.
(Econ, 5/3/08, p.52)
2006 Mar 31, In Tonga Dr. Fred
Sevele agreed to serve as PM, making him the first commoner to lead
the government in living memory.
2006 Jul 5, Prince Tu'ipelehake
(56), a Tongan prince known for promoting political reform in his
South Pacific island nation, died in a car crash along with his
wife, Princess Kaimana (46) and driver Vinisia Hefa when a teenage
driver, Edith Delgado (18), slammed into them on Highway 101 in
Menlo Park, Ca. In 2007 Delgado was sentenced to 2 years in jail and
3 years probation.
(AP, 7/7/06)(SFC, 7/7/06, p.B3)(SFC, 11/6/08,
2006 Sep 10, Taufa’ahau Tupou
IV (b.1918), King of Tonga, died in New Zealand. He was the son of
Queen Salote Tupou III and her consort Prince Tungi, and served as
the King of Tonga from the death of his mother in 1965.
2006 Sep, King George Tupou V
became king of Tonga.
(Econ, 3/17/07, p.47)
2006 Nov 16, In Tonga youths
infuriated by a lack of political reform attacked the prime
minister's offices and other government buildings, smashing windows,
looting shops and setting fires in Nuku’alofa, the capital of this
near-feudal South Pacific kingdom. 8 people were killed and some
four-fifths of the commercial district was destroyed.
(AP, 11/16/06)(Econ, 11/25/06, p.42)
2006 Nov 18, Soldiers and
police from New Zealand arrived in the Tongan capital to help
restore order after mobs demanding democratic reforms destroyed much
of the capital in unprecedented rioting that left at least eight
2006 Dec 14, Tonga police said
they have arrested more than 700 people in connection with a deadly
riot that destroyed most of Tonga's capital in November.
2008 Apr 24, Elections were
held in Tonga as part of its transition to full democracy. The
population numbered about 108,000.
(Econ, 5/3/08, p.52)
2008 Jul 29, Tonga’s King
George Tupou V announced he was ceding most of his executive powers
to the democratically elected parliament.
(SFC, 3/20/12, p.C5)
2008 Aug 1, King George Tupou V
was crowned King of Tonga. His elaborate 5-day coronation cost some
(Econ, 8/9/08, p.42)(SFC, 3/20/12, p.C5)
2009 Aug 6, Rescue workers
searched for missing people after the Princess Ashika ferry,
carrying 149 passengers and crew, sank overnight off the coast of
Tonga. 93 people were missing and feared dead.
(SFC, 8/6/09, p.A2)(AP, 8/9/09)
2009 Sep 29, A magnitude
8.0-8.3 earthquake struck about 120 miles south of the islands of
Samoa, population about 180,000 people, and American Samoa, a US
territory of 65,000. Four tsunami waves 15 to 20 feet (4 to 6
meters) high roared ashore on American Samoa, reaching up to a mile
(1.5km) inland. At least 142 were killed in Samoa and at least 32 on
American Samoa and leaving dozens missing. Authorities in Tonga,
south of the Samoas, confirmed at least 9 dead. In 2010 new research
indicated that 2 great earthquakes caused the tsunami.
(AP, 9/30/09)(AFP, 10/1/09)(AP, 10/5/09)(SSFC,
10/11/09, p.A14)(SFC, 8/19/10, p.A2)
2009 Nov, In Tonga Supreme
Court judge Robert Shuster sentenced 2 boys, who had escaped from
prison and stolen food, to 13 years in prison and six lashes from a
"cat-o-nine-tails" whip at a hearing that only just come to light in
February 2010. The 2 teenagers appealed the court ruling ordering
them to be whipped, with supporters calling the punishment inhumane
and a form of torture.
2010 Feb 15, Cyclone Rene
battered Tonga with powerful winds, cutting phone links, ripping off
roofs and downing power lines in the South Pacific island nation.
2010 Dec 21, In Tonga Noble
Lord Tu’ivakano won a secret ballot among lawmakers to become the
country’s first prime minister elected by parliament rather than
appointed by King George Tupou V.
(SFC, 12/21/10, p.A2)
2011 Oct 21, A 7.6 earthquake
struck off the coast of Tonga, but there were no immediate reports
of damage or injuries.
(SFC, 10/22/11, p.A2)
2012 Mar 18, The king of Tonga
George Tupou V (63), who brought democracy to the impoverished South
Pacific island nation, died in Hong Kong. Next in line was his
younger brother, Crown Prince Tupouto’a Lavaka Ata.
(AFP, 3/18/12)(Econ, 3/24/12, p.43)
2013 Nov 7, China’s Vice
Premier Wang Yang said China will provide a concessionary loan of up
to $1 billion to Pacific island nations to support construction
projects in a part of the world where Beijing and Taiwan compete for
influence. He made the announcement at a forum with Pacific island
nations in Guangzhou at a meeting attended by representatives from
Micronesia, Samoa, Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, the Cook Islands,
Tonga, Niue and Fiji.
2014 Jan 11, Tonga declared a
state of emergency in some parts as powerful Cyclone Ian slammed
into the South Pacific island nation. At least one person was
(AFP, 1/11/14)(AP, 1/12/14)
Subject = Tonga
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