home A region between the Ukraine and Moldova the size
of Rhode Island with about 500,000 people. The capital is Tiraspol.
(WSJ, 7/8/97, p.A1,8)(Econ, 4/26/14, p.50) 1924
The Bolsheviks formed the Moldovan Autonomous Soviet Socialist
Republic (ASSR) as a basis for later taking over a chunk of Romania.
(WSJ, 7/8/97, p.A1,8)(http://tinyurl.com/b7m4b)
1939-1945 During WW II the Germans and Ukrainians
used Transdniestria as a killing field to purge Europe of some
(SSFC, 2/12/06, p.E2)
1944 The Soviet army
re-conquered Bessarabia. Only then were the two parts of present-day
Moldova joined together to form the Moldavian SSR. At the same time,
about one-third of Bessarabia, including its entire Black Sea
coastline, was incorporated into the Ukrainian SSR. The
Transdniester region, having long been part of the Russian Empire
and then the Soviet Union, remained more Russified and Sovietized
than Right-Bank Moldavia.
1987 Igor Smirnov, a metal
worker from Kamchatka, moved to Tiraspol as a factory manager and
worked his way into power.
(Econ, 8/21/04, p.41)
1990 Sep, Transdniestria
declared its independence over fears that Moldova planned to reunite
with Romania. It was not recognized internationally.
1992 Russian reactionaries
fought against the Soviet breakup and repulsed Moldova’s bid to hold
on to Transdniestria. A civil war with Moldova left up to 700 people
(WSJ, 7/8/97, p.A1,8)(Econ, 1/29/05, p.52)(SSFC,
1992 Andrei Ivantoc, a member
of the Popular Moldovan Front, was arrested by separatist
authorities of Trans-Dniester. A year later he and the three
others were sentenced on charges of committing terrorist acts
against citizens of Trans-Dniester. The Popular Moldovan Front
called for the reunification of Moldova with neighboring Romania.
The group's members were seen as martyrs by some in Moldova and
Romania for their opposition to the separatists. Ivantoc was
released in 2007.
1992-1994 Russia's Alexander Lebed commanded
troops in Moldova’s break-away region of Transdniestria, where
ethnic conflict rose between the Moldovan government and Slav
separatists. He ended the bloodshed there.
(SFC, 10/18/96, A18)
1996 Dec, Mr. Igor Smirnov was
re-elected as president of Transdniestria in elections viewed as a
(WSJ, 7/8/97, p.A1,8)
1997 A report on Transdniestria
described it as a haven for arms smugglers, money launderers and
outlaws on the lam.
(WSJ, 7/8/97, p.A1,8)
2003 Dec 8, Russian military
documents confirmed that dozens of rockets outfitted with dirty
bombs appeared to be missing from the military airport at Tiraspol,
the capital of Transdniestria.
(SFC, 12/9/03, p.A13)(Econ, 7/2/05, p.46)
2003 Dec 27, Russia removed all
Soviet-built anti-aircraft missiles from its vast arms depots in a
Moldova province to prevent them from falling into the hands of
terrorists. The missiles were flown from Transdniestria Province to
2003 Moldova Pres. Voronin
rejected a deal on Transdniestria that would have left Russian
troops on Moldovan soil for at least 15 years while giving the
breakaway region wide autonomy.
(WSJ, 3/4/05, p.A13)
2004 Dec, Moldovan Foreign
Minister Andrei Stratan called 1,500 Russian troops in
Transdniestria a “military occupation.”
(WSJ, 3/4/05, p.A13)
2006 Jul 6, In Moldova an
explosion ripped apart a small bus in Tiraspol, capital of the
separatist region of Trans-Dniester, killing eight people and
2006 Transdniestria voted on a
referendum to join Russia. 96% of voters backed the referendum.
(Econ, 4/26/14, p.51)
2008 Aug 25, Russia's
parliament voted unanimously to urge the president to recognize the
independence of Georgia's two breakaway regions, a move likely to
stoke further tensions between Moscow and the small Caucasus
nation's Western allies. Russian President Dmitry Medvedev warned
ex-Soviet Moldova against repeating Georgia's mistake of trying to
use force to seize back control of Transdniestria, a pro-Moscow
(AP, 8/25/08)(Reuters, 8/25/08)
2011 Dec 1, The first talks in
nearly six years between Moldova and the pro-Moscow separatist
region of Trans-Dniester concluded in Lithuania with an agreement
for more meetings at the beginning of next year.
2012 Jan 1, In Trans-Dniester
an 18-year-old was killed by a Russian peacekeeper, after he
reportedly ignored an order to stop his car at a checkpoint. The
death led to protests against Moscow's role in the region's
1,500-member international peacekeeping force, which includes about
500 Russian troops.
2013 Jun 21, Moldova’s
lawmakers adopted a statement urging the US, the EU, Russia, Ukraine
and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe to
"resolve the situation in Trans-Dniester through political and
peaceful means, respecting democratic...principles."