Timeline Transdniestria

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A region between the Ukraine and Moldova the size of Rhode Island with about 500,000 people. The capital is Tiraspol.
    (WSJ, 7/8/97, p.A1,8)(Econ, 4/26/14, p.50)

1924        The Bolsheviks formed the Moldovan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (ASSR) as a basis for later taking over a chunk of Romania.
    (WSJ, 7/8/97, p.A1,8)(http://tinyurl.com/b7m4b)

1939-1945    During WW II the Germans and Ukrainians used Transdniestria as a killing field to purge Europe of some 150,000 Jews.
    (SSFC, 2/12/06, p.E2)

1944        The Soviet army re-conquered Bessarabia. Only then were the two parts of present-day Moldova joined together to form the Moldavian SSR. At the same time, about one-third of Bessarabia, including its entire Black Sea coastline, was incorporated into the Ukrainian SSR. The Transdniester region, having long been part of the Russian Empire and then the Soviet Union, remained more Russified and Sovietized than Right-Bank Moldavia.
    (http://tinyurl.com/b7m4b)

1987        Igor Smirnov, a metal worker from Kamchatka, moved to Tiraspol as a factory manager and worked his way into power.
    (Econ, 8/21/04, p.41)

1990        Sep, Transdniestria declared its independence over fears that Moldova planned to reunite with Romania. It was not recognized internationally.
    (www.aliciapatterson.org/APF1803/Meier_Foster/Meier_Foster.html)(AP, 1/5/12)

1992        Russian reactionaries fought against the Soviet breakup and repulsed Moldova’s bid to hold on to Transdniestria. A civil war with Moldova left up to 700 people dead.
    (WSJ, 7/8/97, p.A1,8)(Econ, 1/29/05, p.52)(SSFC, 2/12/06, p.E2)
1992        Andrei Ivantoc, a member of the Popular Moldovan Front, was arrested by separatist authorities  of Trans-Dniester. A year later he and the three others were sentenced on charges of committing terrorist acts against citizens of Trans-Dniester. The Popular Moldovan Front called for the reunification of Moldova with neighboring Romania. The group's members were seen as martyrs by some in Moldova and Romania for their opposition to the separatists. Ivantoc was released in 2007.
    (AP, 6/2/07)

1992-1994    Russia's Alexander Lebed commanded troops in Moldova’s break-away region of Transdniestria, where ethnic conflict rose between the Moldovan government and Slav separatists. He ended the bloodshed there.
    (SFC, 10/18/96, A18)

1996        Dec, Mr. Igor Smirnov was re-elected as president of Transdniestria in elections viewed as a charade.
    (WSJ, 7/8/97, p.A1,8)

1997        A report on Transdniestria described it as a haven for arms smugglers, money launderers and outlaws on the lam.
    (WSJ, 7/8/97, p.A1,8)

2003        Dec 8, Russian military documents confirmed that dozens of rockets outfitted with dirty bombs appeared to be missing from the military airport at Tiraspol, the capital of Transdniestria.
    (SFC, 12/9/03, p.A13)(Econ, 7/2/05, p.46)

2003        Dec 27, Russia removed all Soviet-built anti-aircraft missiles from its vast arms depots in a Moldova province to prevent them from falling into the hands of terrorists. The missiles were flown from Transdniestria Province to Moscow.
    (AP, 12/29/03)

2003        Moldova Pres. Voronin rejected a deal on Transdniestria that would have left Russian troops on Moldovan soil for at least 15 years while giving the breakaway region wide autonomy.
    (WSJ, 3/4/05, p.A13)

2004        Dec, Moldovan Foreign Minister Andrei Stratan called 1,500 Russian troops in Transdniestria a “military occupation.”
    (WSJ, 3/4/05, p.A13)

2006        Jul 6, In Moldova an explosion ripped apart a small bus in Tiraspol, capital of the separatist region of Trans-Dniester, killing eight people and injuring 46.
    (AP, 7/6/06)

2006        Transdniestria voted on a referendum to join Russia. 96% of voters backed the referendum.
    (Econ, 4/26/14, p.51)

2008        Aug 25, Russia's parliament voted unanimously to urge the president to recognize the independence of Georgia's two breakaway regions, a move likely to stoke further tensions between Moscow and the small Caucasus nation's Western allies. Russian President Dmitry Medvedev warned ex-Soviet Moldova against repeating Georgia's mistake of trying to use force to seize back control of Transdniestria, a pro-Moscow breakaway region.
    (AP, 8/25/08)(Reuters, 8/25/08)

2011        Dec 1, The first talks in nearly six years between Moldova and the pro-Moscow separatist region of Trans-Dniester concluded in Lithuania with an agreement for more meetings at the beginning of next year.
    (AP, 12/1/11)

2012        Jan 1, In Trans-Dniester an 18-year-old was killed by a Russian peacekeeper, after he reportedly ignored an order to stop his car at a checkpoint. The death led to protests against Moscow's role in the region's 1,500-member international peacekeeping force, which includes about 500 Russian troops.
    (AP, 1/5/12)

2013        Jun 21, Moldova’s lawmakers adopted a statement urging the US, the EU, Russia, Ukraine and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe to "resolve the situation in Trans-Dniester through political and peaceful means, respecting democratic...principles."
    (AP, 6/22/13)

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