Timeline Ukraine

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Viburnum opulus  (kalyna) is the national symbol of Ukraine.
    (SSFC, 3/25/12, p.N2)

1500BC    Chersonesos on the edge of Sevastopol was the Greek world’s most northern colony.
    (SFC,12/190/97, p.F6)

400-300BC    A mint of this time served Chersonesos with a population of 10,000 to 20,000.
    (SFC,12/190/97, p.F6)

911AD        Sep 2, Viking monarch Oleg of Kiev, Russia, signed a treaty with the Byzantines.
    (MC, 9/2/01)

988        Prince Vladimir of Kiev accepted Byzantine Orthodoxy. This is the traditional date for the beginning of Russian Christianity.
    (DVD, Criterion, 1998)(SSFC, 6/24/01, p.A14)

1015        Vladimir I (b.958), a prince of Novgorod and grand prince of Kiev, died. Originally a Slavic pagan, Vladimir had converted to Christianity in 988 and Christianized the Kievan Rus.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vladimir_I_of_Kiev)

1237-1240    Mongols conquered Russian lands.
    (DVD, Criterion, 1998)

1240        Dec 6, Mongols under Batu Khan occupied and destroyed Kiev.
    (MC, 12/6/01)

1347-1350    The Black Death: A Genoese trading post in the Crimea was besieged by an army of Kipchaks from Hungary and Mongols from the East. The latter brought with them a new form of plague, Yersinia pestis. Infected dead bodies were catapulted into the Genoese town. One Genoese ship managed to escape and brought the disease to Messina, Sicily. The disease quickly became an epidemic. It moved over the next few years to northern Italy, North Africa, France, Spain, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Germany, the Low countries, England, Scandinavia and the Baltic. There were lesser outbreaks in many cities for the next twenty years. An estimated 25 million died in Europe and economic depression followed. In 2005 John Kelly authored “The Great Mortality: An Intimate History of the Black Death, the Most Devastating Plague of All Time.”
    (NG, 5/88, p.678)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R42)(SSFC, 3/6/05, p.B1)(SFC, 10/13/11, p.A6)

1399        Chersonesos in the southern Crimean peninsula, the Byzantine world’s largest trading outpost, was sacked by the Mongols.
    (SFC,12/190/97, p.F6)
1399        Russian chronicles state that when Kiev was threatened by the Tartars, Kiev citizens had to pay to Khan Timur Kutluk a contribution of 3000 Lithuanian roubles.
    (VilNews, 12/17/10)

1418          Feb 25, At the Constance church synod the Orthodox Metropolitan of Kiev and Lithuania, Gregory Camblak, proposed a union between the Orthodox and Catholic church.
    (LHC, 2/25/03)

1482        Sep 1, Krim-Tataren plundered Kiev.
    (MC, 9/1/02)

1595        Dec, Bogdan Khmelnitsky (d.1657), leader of the Ukrainian Cossacks, was born.
    (SSFC, 2/9/03, p.C14)

1648        May 6, Battle at Zolty Wody-Bohdan: Chmielricki's Cossacks beat John II Casimir.
    (MC, 5/6/02)

1648        Jun 24, Cossacks slaughtered 2,000 Jews and 600 Polish Catholics in Ukraine.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1648        Jul 22, Some 10,000 Jews of Polannoe were murdered in a massacre led by Cossack Bogdan Chmielnicki (55).
    (PC, 1992, p.241)(MC, 7/22/02)

1648        Sep 21, In Poland at the Battle at Pilawce Bohdan Chmielricki beat John II Casimir.
    (PCh, 1992, p.241)(MC, 9/21/01)

1648-1649    It is estimated that 100,000-200,000 Jews died in the Chmielnicki (Khmelnytskyi) revolt that lasted from 1648-1649. This wave of destruction is considered the first modern pogrom.
    (www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/vjw/Poland.html)

1653        Oct 1, Russian parliament accepted annexation of Ukraine.
    (MC, 10/1/01)

1654        Jan 18, The union of Ukraine and Russia was announced.
    (LHC, 1/18/03)

1657        Aug 6, Bohdan Khmelnytskyi (b.1595/6), founder of the Hetman state (Ukraine), died. In 1648 Ukrainian officer Bogdan Chmielnicki, with the support of the Tatar Khan of Crimea, roused the local peasants to fight with him and the Russian Orthodox Cossacks against the Jews.
    (http://tinyurl.com/5pe5gf)(www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/vjw/Poland.html)

1667        Jan 30, Lithuania, Poland and Russia signed a 13.5 year treaty at Andrusov, near Smolensk. Russia received Smolensk and Kiev.
    (LHC, 1/30/03)

1709        Jun 27, Russians under Peter the Great defeated the Swedes under Charles XII and Cossacks at the Battle of Poltava. [O.S. See July 8].
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Poltava)

1709        Jul 8, Peter the Great defeated Charles XII at Poltava, in the Ukraine, effectively ending the Swedish empire. [N.S. see June 28].
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Poltava)

1763        Russia annexed the Crimea peninsula from Crimean Tartars and Ottoman Turks.
    (SFC, 2/4/09, p.A5)

1727        May 7, Jews were expelled from Ukraine by Empress Catherine I of Russia.
    (MC, 5/7/02)

1779        Mar 31, Russia and Turkey signed a treaty by which they promised to take no military action in the Crimea.
    (HN, 3/31/99)

1783        Catherine the Great annexed the Crimea to the Russian empire. 83% or the residents were Tatars.
    (SFC, 1/4/99, p.A8)(Econ, 2/25/06, p.55)

1789        Russian soldiers under the leadership of Jose Pascual Domingo de Ribas y Boyons (aka Osip Deribas) chased Ottoman forces from the barracks hamlet of Khadjibey. He recognized the site’s potential for a military base to control the mouths of the Danube, Dniester, Dnieper and Bug rivers. Odessa became the name of the city built there.
    (Econ, 2/26/11, p.91) 

1794        Jun 23, Empress Catherine II granted Jews permission to settle in Kiev.
    (MC, 6/23/02)

1794        Ukraine’s port city of Odessa was founded. Josef de Ribas, a Naples-born adventurer, after leading an assault on a Turkish Black Sea fortress called Yeni-Dunai, convinced Catherine the Great that the site of Odessa would be a good one for a Russian port. A nearby site called Odessos had long been a Greek colony.
    (Econ, 12/18/04, p.86)

1803        Alexander I chose Frenchman Duc de Richelieu to serve as governor of Odessa (1803-1814). Richelieu imported acacia tress from Vienna and distributed them free to the residents, who lined them on Primorsky Boulevard.
    (Econ, 12/18/04, p.86)

1809        Mar 31, Nikolai V. Gogol (d.1852), Ukrainian-born Russian writer, was born (NS) in Sorochyntsi, Poltava Governorate (later Ukraine). Some sources give April 1 as his birthday. His work included the play “The Inspector General” (1836) and the novels  “Taras Bulba” (1835) and “Dead Souls” (1842).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikolai_Gogol)(WSJ, 4/14/09, p.D7)

1810        Oct 16, Rabbi Nachman (b.1772) of Bratslav died and was buried in Uman, Ukraine. Nachman  was renowned for his mystical interpretations of Jewish texts and his belief that higher spirituality could be achieved through a combination of prayer, meditation and good deeds. On his deathbed, he is said to have promised to be an advocate for anyone who would come and pray beside his tomb.
    (AP, 9/9/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nachman_of_Breslov)

1814        Mar 9, Taras Shevchenko, Ukraine’s most famous poet, was born.
    (SFC, 3/10/01, p.A8)

1819        Russia declared Odessa to be a free port.
    (Econ, 12/18/04, p.86)

1829        Sardinian architect Franz Boffo designed Odessa’s stock exchange as a neo-classical palace. In 2004 it housed the city council.
    (Econ, 12/18/04, p.86)

1853        Jul, Supported by Britain, the Turks took a firm stand against the Russians, who occupied the Danubian principalities (modern Romania) on the Russo-Turkish border. The Crimean War got under way in October. It was fought mainly on the Crimean Peninsula between the Russians and the British, French, and Ottoman Turkish, with support, from January 1855, by the army of Sardinia-Piedmont. The war aligned Anglican England and Roman Catholic France with Islam’s sultan-caliphs against the tsars, who saw themselves as the world’s last truly Christian emperors.
    (www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/143040/Crimean-War)(Econ, 10/2/10, p.89)

1853        Sep 14, The Allies landed at Eupatoria on the west coast of Crimea.
    (HN, 9/14/98)

1853        Sep 20, The Allies defeated the Russians at the battle of Alma on the Crimean Peninsula.
    (HN, 9/20/98)

1854        Mar 28, During the Crimean War, Britain and France declared war on Russia.
    (AP, 3/28/97)

1854        Sep 14, Allied armies, including those of Britain & France, landed in Crimea.
    (MC, 9/14/01)

1854        Oct 25, During the Crimean War, a brigade of British light infantry was destroyed by Russian artillery as they charged down a narrow corridor in full view of the Russians. The Crimean War is largely remembered for the Charge of the Light Brigade, a hopeless but gallant British cavalry charge against a heavily defended Russian force. The battle began when the Russians attacked the British-French supply depot at Balaclava, some eight miles from Sevastopol, on the Black Sea Crimean Peninsula. Taken by surprise, the British counterattacked but failed to follow up. Through a staff error, Gen. Lord Cardigan's Light Brigade of 673 horsemen was ordered to charge the Russian position through a mile-long valley and prevent them from carrying away some captured cannon. The Light Brigade advanced up the valley, taking casualties all the way, and reached the guns. But once there, they could not hold their position and were forced to retreat. Of the 673 men who took part in the senseless charge, only 195 were present at roll call that night. The Charge of the Light Brigade ended the battle, but Balaclava remained in the hands of the British-French Allies. The event was described in a poem by Tennyson. French General Bosquet remarked "It is magnificent, but it is not war."
    (AP, 10/25/97)(HNPD, 10/25/98)(HN, 10/25/98)(MC, 10/25/01)

1854        Nov 4, Florence Nightingale and her nurses arrived in the Crimea.
    (HN, 11/4/98)

1854        Nov 5, The British and French defeated the Russians at Inkerman, Crimea.
    (HN, 11/5/98)

1855        Jun 17, Heavy French-British shelling of Sebastopol killed over 2000.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1855        Sep 9, Sevastopol, under siege for nearly a year, fell to the Allies. France, England, the Ottoman Empire and Sardinia (as Italy was then known) defeated the Russians at Sevastopol in the decisive battle of the Crimean War.
    {France, Britain, Turkey, Italy, Russia}
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crimean_War)(SFC, 7/27/13, p.C2)

1855        Nov 26, Several thousand people staged a parade and banquet at South Park, SF, to celebrate the Allied victory over the Russians in the Crimean War, the capture of the Malakoff fortress in Sevastopol.
    (SFC, 7/21/00, p.WBb3)

1855        The English Commons voted for an inquiry into the conduct of the Crimean campaign.
    (Econ, 11/4/06, p.67)

1856        Mar 30, Russia signed the Treaty of Paris ending the Crimean War. It guaranteed the integrity of Ottoman Turkey and obliged Russia to surrender southern Bessarabia, at the mouth of the Danube. The Black Sea was neutralized, and the Danube River was opened to the shipping of all nations. In 2010 Allen Lane authored “Crimea: The Last Crusade.”
    (www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/143040/Crimean-War)

1859        Feb 18, Shalom Aleichem (Solomon Rabinowitz, d.1916), Russian-Yiddish playwright,  author and humorist, was born in the Ukraine. "To want to be the cleverest of all is the biggest folly."
    (AP, 1/13/01)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sholem_Aleichem)

1861        Mar 10, Taras Shevchenko (b.1814), Ukraine poet and artist died. He was a member of the Sts Cyril and Methodius Brotherhood and an academician of the Imperial Academy of Arts.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taras_Shevchenko)(AP, 3/9/14)

1871        A pogrom took place against the Jews in Odessa and the governor made no effort to suppress it.
    (Econ, 12/18/04, p.88)

1881        May 5, Anti-Jewish rioting took place in Kiev, Ukraine.
    (MC, 5/5/02)

1881        A large pogrom took place against the Jews in Odessa.
    (Econ, 12/18/04, p.88)

1887        Geographers of the Austro-Hungarian Empire set fixed points to measure altitude in connection with the European measurement of meridional and parallel degrees. One marker at Rakhiv, Ukraine, was later mis-interpreted to mark the center of Europe.
    (WSJ, 7/14/04, p.A1)

1890        Feb 28, Vaslav Nijinsky, ballet dancer (3/12 NS), was born in Kiev, Ukraine. He was the pre-eminent ballet artist of his day and at 20 became the protege and lover of Sergei Diaghilev. He spent some time in psychotherapy during which he made a number of abstract drawings. Nijinsky died in 1950 in London. [see Mar 12]
    (SFC, 9/29/97, p.E5)(MC, 2/28/02)

1890        Mar 12, Vasav Nijinsky (d.1950), Russian dancer, was born. He was considered the world's greatest ballet dancer. [see Feb 28]
    (HN, 3/12/99)

1891        Jan 20, Mischa Elman, US violinist, was born in Talnoye, Ukraine.
    (MC, 1/20/02)

1891        Jan 26, Ilya G. Ehrenburg,  writer, propagandist (Fall of Paris, The Thaw), was born in Kiev,  Ukraine.
    (MC, 1/26/02)

1891        Apr 23, Sergey Sergeyevich Prokofiev, composer (Peter & the Wolf), was born in Ukraine. [see Apr 27]
    (MC, 4/23/02)

1891        Apr 27, Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev, composer, was born. [see Apr 23]
    (MC, 4/27/02)

1898        May 3, Golda Mier (d.1978), 4th Prime Minister of Israel (1969-1974) and the first woman PM, was born in Kiev, Ukraine. "Whether women are better than men, I cannot say -- but I can say they are certainly no worse."
    (AP, 5/11/97)(HN, 5/3/02)(MC, 5/3/02)

1898        Oct 1, Jews were expelled from Kiev, Russia.
    (MC, 10/1/01)

1904        Oct 1, Vladimir Horowitz, Russian-born American virtuoso pianist, was born in Kiev, Ukraine.
    (HN, 10/1/98)(MC, 10/1/01)

1905        Another large pogrom took place against the Jews in Odessa, Ukraine. Many began to leave, mainly for the USA.
    (Econ, 12/18/04, p.88)

1906        Jul 23, Pogroms took place against Jews in Odessa.
    (MC, 7/23/02)

1906        Dec 19, Leonid Brezhnev, Soviet General Secretary of the Communist arty and President of the Supreme Soviet from 1964 until 1982, was born in the Ukraine.
    (HN, 12/19/98)(MC, 12/19/01)

1906        Lew Grade (born Louis Winogradsky; d.1998 at 91), was born in Tokmak. He went to London at age 6 and in 1955 founded Associated Television, the first commercially funded channel in Britain.
    (SFC, 12/14/98, p.C4)

1908        Sep 30, David Oistrakh, violinist and professor at the Moscow Conservatory, was born in Odessa, Russia (Ukraine).
    (HN, 9/30/00)(MC, 9/30/01)

1911        Sep 14, Russian Premier Piotr Stolypin was mortally wounded in an assassination attempt at the Kiev opera house.
    (HN, 9/14/98)

1913        Kazimir Malevich (1878-1935), Ukraine artist, designed the costumes for the opera “Victory Over the Sun.”
    (Econ, 10/26/13, p.96)(Econ, 12/21/13, SR p.5)

1914        Mar 20, Svyatoslav Richter, pianist (Stalin Prize-1945), was born in Zhitomir, Ukraine.
    (MC, 3/20/02)

1914        Oct 29, A Turkish fleet including 2 German cruisers stormed the Black Sea and bombarded Odessa, Sevastopol and Theodosia. [see Nov 2]
    (PC, 1992, p.706)

1915        Kasimir Malevich (1878-1935), Ukraine born pioneer of abstract art, painted "Suprematist Cross in Black Square." It featured a dark black square against a white background and was "emblematic of the avant-garde belief that abstraction penetrated to the essence of things, on which basis the world could be reinvented."
    (SFC, 5/28/98, p.E5)(WSJ, 10/5/05, p.D14)(Econ, 10/26/13, p.96)

1916        Oct 19, Emil Gilels, pianist (Brussels Competition-1938), was born in Odessa, Ukraine.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1917        Jun 29, The Ukraine proclaimed independence from Russia.
    (HN, 6/29/98)

1918        Feb 14, Warsaw demonstrators protested the transfer of Polish territory to the Ukraine.
    (HN, 2/14/98)

1918        Feb 22, Germany claimed the Baltic states, Finland and Ukraine from Russia.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1918        Feb 20, The Soviet Red Army seized Kiev, the capital of the Ukraine.
    (HN, 2/20/98)

1918          Mar 3, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire and Russia signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, which ended Russian participation in World War I. Germany and Austria forced Soviet Russia to sign the Peace of Brest, which called for the establishment of 5 independent countries: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Ukraine. The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, which ended Russian participation in World War I, was annulled by the November 1918 armistice. The treaty deprived the Soviets of White Russia.
    (HN, 3/3/99)(LHC, 3/1/03)(AP, 3/3/08)

1918        Mar 22, Ukrainian mobs massacred the Jews of Seredino Buda. Other sites date the event to March 8 and March 9.
    (www.ukraine-observer.com/articles/205/612)

1919        Feb, The Polish–Soviet War began and continued to March 1921. It was an armed conflict between Soviet Russia and Soviet Ukraine against the Second Polish Republic and the Ukrainian People's Republic, four states in post-World War I Europe.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polish-Soviet_War)

1919        Aug 10, Ukrainian National Army massacred 25 Jews in Podolia, Ukraine.
    (MC, 8/10/02)

1919        Aug 31, The Ukrainian (Petlyura) Army recaptured Kiev. Petlyura's Ukrainian Army killed 35 members of a Jewish defense group.
    (MC, 8/31/01)

1919        Jimmy Winkfield (1882-1974), former US Kentucky Derby winner, helped lead 262 horses from the Odessa (Ukraine) race track to Warsaw, Poland, in a 3-month journey in front of the advancing Red Army.
    (SSFC, 5/7/06, p.P8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jimmy_Winkfield)

1920        Apr 27, Pogrom leader Petljoera (Petlyura) declared Ukraine Independence.
    (MC, 4/27/02)

1920        Isaac Stern (d.2001), Russian-Jewish immigrant to the US and legendary violinist, was born in the Ukraine. His family arrived in San Francisco a year later. In 1960 he saved Carnegie Hall from the wrecking ball.
    (SSFC, 9/23/01, p.A24)(SFC, 9/24/01, p.G1)

1921        Oct 18, Russian Soviets granted Crimean independence.
    (HN, 10/18/98)

1922        Dec 30, Vladimir I. Lenin proclaimed the establishment of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Soviet Russia was renamed the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The Soviet Union was organized as a federation of RSFSR, Ukrainian SSR, Belorussian SSR and Transcaucasian SSR.
    (AP, 12/30/97)(HN, 12/30/98)

1925        “The White Guard,” a novel by Mikhail Bulgakov (1891-1940) of Kiev during the Russian civil war, first appeared in part in serial form. A stage version titled “The Days of the Turbins” ran from 1926-1941. The novel was not reprinted in Russia until 1966.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_White_Guard)(Econ, 8/9/14, p.67)

1926        May 25, Symon Petlyura (47), leader of Ukraine (pogroms), was assassinated.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1927        Josef Stalin purged much of the Tatar intelligentsia in the Crimea.
    (SFC, 1/4/99, p.A8)

1927        Stephen Timoshenko, Ukraine-born railroad engineer, arrived in Michigan and joined the Univ. of Michigan where he became the world’s leading authority on applied mechanics. His 18 textbooks were published in 36 languages.
    (MT, Summer/04, p.7)

1932        Walter Duranty of the NY Times won a Pulitzer Prize for his series on the Soviet Union. In 2003 a historian argued, without success, that the prize should be revoked due to Duranty's deliberate failure to cover the forced famine in the Ukraine that killed millions of people. In 2004 David C. Engerman authored "Modernization from the Other Shore," an American view of the Soviet experience."
    (SFC, 10/23/03, p.A3) (SFC, 11/22/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 2/24/04, p.D8)

1932-1933    Stalin imposed terror and famine on the Ukraine, Kuban and Kazakhstan that was carried out be Lazar Kaganovich. Millions died in the famine. Stalin provoked what the Ukrainians called the Great Famine as part of his campaign to force Ukrainian peasants to give up their land and join collective farms. During the height of the famine, which was enforced by methodical confiscation of all food by the Soviet secret police, cannibalism was widespread.
    (WSJ, 2/14/96, p.A-15)(SFC, 4/3/97, p.C2)(AP, 11/26/05)

1933        Mar 29, The front page of the New York Evening Post said "Famine Grips Russia — Millions Dying." The report was by Welsh journalist Gareth Jones who had recently sneaked into Ukraine, at the height of a famine engineered by Soviet dictator Josef Stalin. Jones was killed by bandits in 1935 while covering Japan's expansion into China. In 2009 the diaries of Jones were put on display for the first time in London.
    (AP, 11/13/09)   

1933        Malcolm Muggeridge (1903-1990), English writer and reporter, broke the story on the famine in the Ukraine.
    (WSJ, 4/17/96, p.A-18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malcolm_Muggeridge)

1939        Mar 15, The Republic of Carpatho-Ukraine, led by Avhustyn Voloshyn (d.1945), declared independence amid the Nazi dismemberment of Czechoslovakia. Independence ending that same evening by an invasion from Hungary. In 1946 the area became part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, as the Zakarpattia Oblast ('Transcarpathian Oblast'). After the break-up of the Soviet Union, it became part of independent Ukraine as Zakarpattia Oblast.
    (Econ, 3/14/09, p.57)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpatho-Ukraine)

1939-1945    During WW II the Germans and Ukrainians used Transdniestria as a killing field to purge Europe of some 150,000 Jews.
    (SSFC, 2/12/06, p.E2)

1940        Mar 5, Stalin among others signed an Order for the massacre at Katyn, Poland. Soviet agents shot 21,768 Polish military officers, intellectuals and priests who had been taken prisoner during the invasion. Between April and May some 25,700 (15,000) Polish citizens were massacred by the Soviets in the Katyn and Miednoje (Mednoye) forests on the outskirts of Moscow and at Kharkov in western Russia (later Ukraine). Some 14,700 Polish officers were identified by their uniforms. Documents were made public in 1992 by Boris Yeltsin, Russia's first post-Soviet leader. They included a letter by Lavrenty Beria, head of the secret police, recommending the execution of the Polish prisoners of war. The letter bears the signatures of Soviet dictator Josef Stalin and three other members of the Politburo. Excavations of the sites began in 1994. 6,313 Polish officers were all shot in the back of the head near Mednoye. 9,000 Russians were also massacred at the site. In 2008 Andrzej Wajda directed the film “Katyn.” In 2004 Russia's top military prosecutor closed the investigation after concluding that the massacre did not constitute genocide. In 2009 Russia's Supreme Court rejected appeals to re-open the investigation. On April 7, 2010, Russian PM Vladimir Putin attended a memorial ceremony. Hours later he said Stalin had ordered the atrocity as revenge for the death of Red Army soldiers in Polish prisoner of war camps in 1920.
    (AM, Jul/Aug ‘97 p.16)(SFEC, 9/3/00, p.A18)(AP, 3/6/05)(Econ, 6/21/08, p.65)(AP, 1/29/09)(SFC, 4/8/10, p.A2)(AP, 4/28/10)

1941        Jun 25, Germans invaded Dubno, Poland, and encouraged the Ukrainians to do whatever they want to 12,000 Jews living there.
    (MC, 6/25/02)

1941        Jul 3, German soldiers arrive in Kolomiya, which belonged to Poland at this time, and tacked up posters the declared in three languages “Death to All Jews.” Blanca Rosenberg (d.1998) wrote a memoir in 1993, “To Tell at Last,” that described how she survived the Holocaust.
    (SFC, 9/29/98, p.C2)

1941        Jul 21, 200 Jewish Torahs were burned in Ukraine.
    (MC, 7/21/02)

1941        Jul 27, The German army entered Ukraine.
    (MC, 7/27/02)

1941        Jul, The 16,000 sq. mile area of the Ukraine named Transnistria was granted by Hitler to the Romanian dictator Ion Antonescu for Romania’s participation in the war against the soviet Union. Jews from Bessarabia, Bukovina and were Moldova were transferred here and many thousands were murdered from 1941-1944 by the Romanian Gendarmeric, the Einsatrzgruppe D, Ukrainian police and Sonderkommando R.
    (WSJ, 7/30/97, p.A15)

1941        Jul, Metropolitan Andrij Sheptysky, leader of the Greek Catholics, greeted the German army for liberation from Russia.
    (SFC, 6/27/01, p.A12)

1941        Aug 13, Red army evacuated Smolensk.
    (MC, 8/13/02)

1941        Aug 21-Sep 26, The Soviet Union's greatest defeat in WWII occurred during the encirclement of the Ukrainian city of Kiev. The Germans took some 665,000 Soviet prisoners.
    (HNQ, 8/12/98)

1941        Sep 19, The German army conquered Kiev.
    (MC, 9/19/01)

1941        Sep 21, The German Army cut off the Crimean Peninsula from the rest of the Soviet Union.
    (HN, 9/21/98)

1941        Sep 24, There was a bomb explosion in German headquarters in Hotel Continental in Kiev.
    (MC, 9/24/01)

1941        Sep 26, In Ukraine some 33,711 Jews of Kiev were killed over 3 days before Yom Kippur in the ravine at Babi Yar by the Nazis. Over the next 2 years some 100-200 thousand more people, mostly Jews, were killed at the site.
    (SFC, 10/29/96, p.A6)(SFC, 6/25/01, p.A8)(SFC, 6/26/01, p.A8)(AP, 11/16/07)

1941        Sep 29, 30,000 Jews were gunned down in Kiev when Henrich Himmler sent four strike squads to exterminate Soviet Jewish civilians and other “undesirables.”
    (HN, 9/29/00)

1941        Sep 30, 3,721 Jews were buried, some still alive, at Babi Yar ravine (near Kiev) Ukraine. [See Sep 26,29]
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1941        Oct 3, All elderly Jewish men of Kerenchug Ukraine, were killed by SS.
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1941        Oct 8, The Germans arrived in Mariupol, Ukraine, and immediately instituted anti-Jewish measures.
    (WSJ, 1/19/08, p.W8)

1941        Oct 12, Thousands of Jews were killed in Ivano Frankivsk, Ukraine, by men of the Security Police (Sicherheitspolizei; SiPo), assisted by members of the German Order Police (Ordnungspolizei) and the railroad police.
    (Econ, 1/23/10, p.48)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivano-Frankivsk)

1941        Oct 15, Odessa, a Russian port on the Black Sea which had been surrounded by German troops for several weeks, was evacuated by Russian troops.
    (HN, 10/15/98)

1941        Oct 18, The Germans forces in Mariupol, Ukraine, murdered some 9,000 local Jews.
    (WSJ, 1/19/08, p.W8)

1941        Oct 22-23, Some 39,000 [20,000] Jews were killed by Romanian troops over 2 days in Odessa. Many of them were burned to death in a public square or in warehouses that were locked shut. Altogether some 90,000 Jews were killed in Odessa.
    (SFC, 6/15/98, p.A11)(WSJ, 3/23/04, p.D8)

1941        Oct 25, 16,000 Jews were massacred in Odessa, Ukraine. [see Oct 22-23]
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1941            Nov 6,     Einsatz death groups killed some 18 thousand Jews of Rovno, Ukraine. “Einsatzgruppen” were special soldiers who followed the fighting forces and “cleaned up” the area.
    (www.members.tripod.com/~ebionite/zikkar.htm#nov)

1941        Nov, Nazis in the Ukraine set up a concentration camp near the village of Gvozdavka-1, near Odessa, and killed about 5,000 Jews. Their mass grave was found in 2007.
    (AP, 6/5/07)

1941        Dec 3, Hitler viewed Poltava, Ukraine.
    (MC, 12/3/01)

1941        Dec-1942 Jan, A massacre of Jews began when Romanian and Ukrainian troops nailed shut one of the pigsties' doors and windows in Bogdanovka, then torched it, burning all inside alive. The killing went on for three weeks in late December 1941 and early January 1942. An estimated 48,000 people were killed.
    (AP, 9/9/07)

1941        According to later day Holocaust researchers a force in Ukraine under the command of Roman Shukhevych took part in pogroms in which 4,000 Jews were killed. In 2007 Shukhevych was posthumously named a Hero of Ukraine.
    (AP, 11/16/07)
1941        Ukraine nationalist leader Stepan Bandera (1912-1959) fell out with the Nazis, after the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists declared Ukraine's independence, and he was sent to a concentration camp. He won back Germany's support in 1944 and was released. His group was involved in the ethnic cleansing that killed tens of thousands of Poles across the Austro-Hungarian Empire between 1942 and 1944.
    (AP, 1/1/14)   

1941-1944    Germany occupied the Crimean peninsula.
    (SFC, 1/4/99, p.A8)

1942        May 8, German summer offensive opened in Crimea.
    (MC, 5/8/02)

1942        May 12, The Soviet Army launched its first major offensive of the war and took Kharkov in the eastern Ukraine from the German army.
    (HN, 5/12/99)

1942        Jun 30, Col-gen Von Paulus' 6th Army stormed into the Ukraine.
    (MC, 6/30/02)

1942        Summer, Members of Kiev’s Dynamo soccer team were brought out from forced labor to play a series of exhibition games. The last game was against Flakelf, a Luftwaffe team, which lost to Dynamo 5-2. Dynamo members were later arrested. One died of torture and 3 more were killed near the Babi Yar ravine. In 2002 Andy Dougan authored “Dynamo: Triumph and Tragedy in Nazi-Occupied Kiev.”
    (WSJ, 9/6/02, p.W10)

1942        Jul 13, 5,000 Jews of Rovno, Polish Ukraine, were executed by Nazis.
    (MC, 7/13/02)

1942        The Ukrainian Insurgent Army, or UPA, was created and battled both Soviet and Nazi forces during the war. Hostility toward the partisans later ran deep because they initially sought support from the Nazis, believing the Germans would grant Ukraine independence.
    (AP, 10/15/07)

1943        Nov 6, Soviet forces reconquered Kiev.
    (MC, 11/6/01)

1943        Some 35,000 Poles in Lviv were massacred by extreme Ukrainian nationalists. Poland opened investigations around 2001.
    (SFC, 6/27/01, p.A12)

1944        Apr 10, Soviet forces liberated Odessa from Nazis.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1944        May 6, The Red Army besieged and captured Sevastopol in the Crimea.
    (HN, 5/6/99)

1944        May 9, Russians recaptured Crimea by taking Sevastopol. [see May 6]
    (MC, 5/9/02)

1944        May 18, The Soviet Union began the expulsion of more than 200,000 Tartars from Crimea. They were accused of collaborating with the Germans. Stalin deported some 250,000 Tatars from Crimea to Uzbekistan. They did not being to return home until the fall of the USSR.
    (SC, 5/18/02)(SFC, 1/4/99, p.A8,9)

1944        Jul 22, German SS officer Siegfried Assmuss, commander of a unit of the Ukrainian Self-Defense Legion, was killed by partisans near Chlaniow, Poland.
    (AP, 6/14/13)(http://tinyurl.com/kk5e6s3)

1944        Jul 23, A Ukrainian Self-Defense unit, directed to "liquidate all the residents" of Chlaniow, Poland, in a reprisal attack for the killing of German SS officer Siegfried Assmuss, killed 44 people including women and children. In 2013 Michael Karkoc (94), a retired Minnesota carpenter, was named as commander of the Nazi SS-led unit in the Chlaniov attack.
    (AP, 6/14/13)(http://tinyurl.com/kk5e6s3)(AP, 11/18/13)

1944        Josef Stalin deported some 250,000 Tatars from Crimea to Uzbekistan. They did not being to return home until the fall of the Soviet Union.
    (SFC, 1/4/99, p.A8,9)

1944        The Soviet army re-conquered Bessarabia. Only then were the two parts of present-day Moldova joined together to form the Moldavian SSR. At the same time, about one-third of Bessarabia, including its entire Black Sea coastline, was incorporated into the Ukrainian SSR. The Transdniester region, having long been part of the Russian Empire and then the Soviet Union, remained more Russified and Sovietized than Right-Bank Moldavia.
    (http://tinyurl.com/b7m4b)

1945        Feb 4-1945 Feb 12, President Roosevelt, British PM Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin held a wartime conference in the Livadia Palace at Yalta, in the southern Ukraine. Roosevelt joked to Stalin that the only concession he might give to Ibn Saud in Saudi Arabia was "the 6 million Jews in the US." In 2012 Michael Dobbs authored “Six Months in 1945: FDR, Stalin, Churchill, and Truman – From World War to Cold War.”
    (AP, 2/4/97)(WSJ, 3/8/99, p.A16)(SSFC, 11/25/12, p.F4)(Econ, 10/5/13, p.58)

1945        Feb 19, Ivan Kozhedub of the Ukraine became the only Soviet pilot to shoot down a Messerschmitt Me-262 jet fighter and, on April 19, 1945, he downed two Focke-Wulf Fw-190s to bring his final tally to 62--the top Allied ace of the war. He was the Allies’ top ace and one of only two Soviet fighter pilots to be awarded the Gold Star of a Hero of the Soviet Union three times during World War II. Ironically prevented from fighting because his skill as a pilot made him more useful as an instructor, Kozhedub did not fly his first combat mission until March 26, 1943.
    (HNQ, 4//01)

1945        Aug 16, The communist dominated Polish government signed a treaty with the USSR to formally cede eastern territories, including Galicia.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polish_areas_annexed_by_the_Soviet_Union)(Econ, 7/7/07, p.51)

1954        The Crimea was ceded to Ukraine as a gift from Russia by Nikita Khrushchev. In 2004 ethnic Russian made up a majority of the population.
    (SFEC, 6/1/97, p.A8)(WSJ, 12/21/04, p.A14)

1959        Oct 15, Stepan Bandera (b.1909), a Ukrainian nationalist, was assassinated in Munich by a KGB agent who used a spray gun to fire cyanide gas into his face. In 2010 Ukraine Pres. Yushchenko issued a decree posthumously awarding the nation's highest award to Bandera weeks before his term ended in February. Yushchenko called Bandera patriot, but the Simon Wiesenthal Center, a leading Jewish rights group, said Bandera's followers were linked to the deaths of thousands of Jews. In April 2010 a court overturned the decree.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stepan_Bandera)(WSJ, 11/21/96, p.A10)(AP, 4/3/10)

1967        Viacheslav Chornovil was arrested by Soviet authorities for dissident activities. His 3 year sentence was later cut in half.
    (SFC, 3/27/99, p.C2)

1972        Oct 26, Igor Sikorsky (b.1889), Ukraine-born helicopter pioneer, died in Connecticut.
    (HNPD, 10/27/98)(ON, 3/06, p.5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Igor_Sikorsky)

1972        Viacheslav Chornovil was again arrested for publishing an underground newsletter and sentenced to 6 years in prison and e years in exile.
    (SFC, 3/27/99, p.C2)

1973        Aug 28, Princess Anne became the first member of the British royal family to visit the Soviet Union when she arrived in Kiev for an equestrian event.
    (www.thehistorychannel.co.uk/site/this_day_in_history/this_day_August_28.php)

1976        An 86-pound topaz crystal was found in the central Zhytomyr region. In 1997 it was stolen from a Kiev museum.
    (SFC, 2/1/97, p.A15)

1977        Nov 16, Oksana Baiul, Ukraine figure skater (Olympic-gold-1994), was born.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oksana_Baiul)

1980        Apr, Viacheslav Chornovil was again arrested and sentenced to 5 years in prison, but was released in 1983.
    (SFC, 3/27/99, p.C2)

1980        An explosion at the Gorskaya mine killed 66 miners.
    (SFEC, 3/12/00, p.A17)

1986        Apr 26, The world's worst nuclear accident occurred in Pripyat, Ukraine, north of Kiev, at 1:23 a.m. as the Chernobyl atomic power plant exploded. A 300-hundred-square-mile area was evacuated and 31 people died as unknown thousands were exposed to radioactive material that spread in the atmosphere throughout the world. An exploded at Chernobyl, Ukraine, and burned for 10 days. About 70% of the fallout fell in Belarus. Damage was estimated to be up to $130 billion. By 1998 10,000 Russian "liquidators" involved in the cleanup had died and thousands more became invalids. It was later estimated that the released radioactivity was 200 times the combined bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. It was later found that Soviet scientists were authorized to carry out experiments that required the reactor to be pushed to or beyond its limits, with safety features disabled.
    (WSJ, 11/8/95, p.A-1)(SFC, 4/27/98, p.A14)(SFC, 12/18/99, p.C4)(AP, 4/26/05)(Econ, 10/6/07, p.18)

1986        Apr 28, The Soviet Union informed the world of the Apr 26 nuclear disaster at Chernobyl, saying the accident damaged a reactor and that aid was being rendered to "those affected."
    (AP, 4/28/02)

1986        Jun 15, Pravda announced that the high-level Chernobyl staff in Ukraine was fired.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ydptos)

1986-1992    Leonid Kuchma led the Soviet Yuzmash rocket plant.
    (SFC, 2/13/01, p.A10)

1989        Viacheslav Chornovil was instrumental in the formation of the pro-independence Popular Rukh.
    (SFC, 3/27/99, p.C2)

1990        Mar 4, Voters in the Soviet republics of Russia, Byelorussia and the Ukraine participated in local and legislative elections, resulting in notable gains for reformists and nationalists.
    (AP, 3/4/00)

1990        Jul 16, The Ukraine Parliament approved a declaration of State Sovereignty. The people's deputies vote 339-5 to proclaim July 16 a national holiday.
    (www.ukrweekly.com/Archive/2001/340119.shtml)

1990        The fiercely anti-Russian Ukrainian National Assembly was created, and its paramilitary wing UNA-UNSO in 1991 after the abortive putsch in Moscow.
    (AP, 1/1/05)

1991        Aug 1, President Bush, visiting the Ukrainian capital of Kiev, urged Soviet republics to show restraint in their demands for more autonomy.
    (AP, 8/1/01)

1991        Aug 24, Ukraine declared independence from USSR.
    (www.users.bigpond.com/kyroks/ukrhist10.html)

1991        Dec 1, Ukrainians voted overwhelmingly for independence from the Soviet Union. Viacheslav Chornovil finished 2nd to Leonid Kravchuk.
    (WP 6/29/96, p.A20)(AP, 12/1/97)(SFC, 3/27/99, p.C2)

1991        Dec 8, Russia, Byelorussia and Ukraine declared the Soviet national government dead, forging a new alliance to be known as the Commonwealth of Independent States. Boris Yeltsin, Ukrainian Pres. Leonid Kravchuk, and Belarus Pres. Stanislav Shuskevich met in a hunting lodge to proclaim the Soviet Union null and void and to form a loose Commonwealth of Independent States. The declaration later became known as the "Belavezha Accords."
    (SFC, 9/9/98, p.A10)(AP, 12/8/01)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanislau_Shushkevich)   

1991        Jews erected a menorah monument memorial at the WW II Babi Yar site. [see Sep 1941]
    (SFC, 6/26/01, p.A8)

1991        Ukraine deregulated prices.
    (Econ, 11/4/06, p.86)

1992        Feb 14, The former Soviet republics of Ukraine, Moldova and Azerbaijan rejected a proposal for a unified army, sharply rebuffing Russian President Boris N. Yeltsin.
    (AP, 2/14/02)

1992        The Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kiev Patriarchate separated from the Russian Orthodox Church following Ukraine's independence.
    (AFP, 7/5/14)
1992        Sevastopol was opened to the outside world.
    (SFC,12/190/97, p.F6)

1994        Mar 27, Ukraine held its first parliamentary elections since the collapse of the Soviet Union.
    (AP, 3/27/99)

1994        Jul 19,  Leonid Kuchma (b.1938) took office as the 2nd president of Ukraine.
    (Econ, 1/23/10, p.48)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonid_Kuchma)

1994        Dec 5, President Clinton, on a whirlwind visit to the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Budapest, Hungary, urged European leaders to "prevent future Bosnias." In the so-called Budapest memorandum Britain, Russia and the US affirmed their commitment to respect the independence, sovereignty and existing borders of Ukraine.
    (AP, 12/5/99)(AFP, 3/3/14)

1994        Sunday Adelaja (27), a Nigerian evangelist, began prayer meetings in Kiev, Ukraine, for alcoholics, drug addicts and petty crooks. By 2006 he claimed some 25,000 members.
    (WSJ, 7/21/06, p.A1)

1995        Mar 1, Vitaly Massol, Ukraine premier, resigned.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1995        May 12, President Clinton, during a stopover in Ukraine, visited Babi Yar, where the Nazis massacred more than 30,000 Kiev Jews in 1941.
    (AP, 5/12/00)

1995        Dec, Accord to be signed in Canada. The country was committing to close down the Chernobyl nuclear power plant by the turn of the century. Closure is estimated to cost $4 bil. The group of seven industrialized nations has offered $2 bil in credits to reshape the energy sector.
    (WSJ, 12/20/95, p.A-10)

1995        In Kiev police outside St. Sophia Cathedral beat demonstrators, who tried to bury Orthodox Patriarch Volodymyr at an unauthorized site.
    (SFC, 3/10/01, p.)

1996        Apr 9, Drinking water in most of Ukraine’s cities isn’t potable because of industrial pollution and aging water pipes. From a study by the Health Ministry.
    (WSJ, 4/9/96, p.A-15)

1996        Apr 16, Anatoly Onoprienko was arrested in western Ukraine. He later admitted to the murder of some 52 people in a serial killing spree from 1989 to 1996 that first came to attention in 1995. He went on trial in 1998. In 1999 the former sailor was sentenced to death.
    (www.thecrimeweb.com/anatolyonoprienko.html)(WSJ, 11/24/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/2/99, p.A1)

1996        May 28, Ukraine’s president, Leonid Kuchma, fired his prime minister, Yevhen Marchuk, in a dispute over economic reforms, and named ally Pavlo Lazarenko as prime minister.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p. A-18)(SFC, 5/29/96, p.A8)

1996        Jun 3, A hepatitis epidemic has hospitalized nearly 3,000 residents of Sevastopol so far this year. All nuclear weapons have been transferred to Russia for dismantling. The US paid $267 mil for the removal.
    (WSJ, 8/8/95, p. B6D) (WSJ, 8/8/95, p. A1)

1996        Jun 28, Pres. Leonid Kuchma pushed through parliament, called the Rada, a new constitution. It established a clear right to own private property, and Ukrainian as the only state language.
    (WP. 6/29/96, p.A20)

1996        Jul 16, Prime Minister Pavlo Lazarenko escaped an assassination attempt. He proceeded to the Donbass coalfields where 200,000 miners were on strike.
    (WSJ, 7/17/96, p.A1)

1996        Sep 2, The government planned to introduce its new currency, the hyrvna. The old karbovanets would be swappable for only 2 weeks.
    (WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A10)

1996        Oct 24, Yeltsin of Russia and Kuchma of the Ukraine agreed to divide the Black Sea Fleet.
    (WSJ, 10/25/96, p.A1)

1996        Nov 3, Yevhen Shcherban, Ukrainian businessman and politician, and his wife were assassinated at Donetsk Airport by several men posing as police officers. Prosecutors have stated the murder was intended to eliminate competition for control of Ukraine’s natural gas industry. In 2002, eight men were arrested and tried for the murder. All of them were found guilty, with three receiving life sentences.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yevhen_Shcherban)(http://tinyurl.com/8xlflju)

1996        Ukrainian men had one of the highest infertility rates in the world, ever since the Chernobyl disaster 10 years ago. Nearly one of five Ukrainian babies dies shortly after birth, and there have been more deaths than births since 1990.
    (G&M, 1/31/96, p.A-24)

1996-1998    Pavel Lazarenko was later accused of siphoning $72.1 million in public funds into a series of Swiss bank accounts during this period.
    (SFC, 6/4/99, p.A16)

1997        May 24, In the Ukraine the first McDonald’s restaurant opened.
    (SFEC, 5/25/97, p.A10)

1997        May 31, Russia and the Ukraine signed a friendship treaty. Boris Yeltsin traveled to Kiev to sign the treaty.
    (SFEC, 6/1/97, p.A8)

1997        Jun 14, It was reported that a huge sinkhole in Dnepropetrovsk had swallowed houses, schools and a 9-story apartment. It was due to flash flooding and an underground river.
    (SFC, 6/14/97, p.A11)

1997        Jun 19, Pres. Kuchma removed prime minister Pavlo Lazarenko under pressure from Western donors who saw him as an opponent to free-market policies. Lazarenko was accused of corruption. In 1998 Lazarenko was indicted by Swiss authorities on money-laundering charges.
    (SFC, 6/20/97, p.A22)(SFEC, 12/20/98, p.A32)

1997        Jul 17, In the Ukraine the parliament confirmed Valery Pustovoitenko as prime minister. He was an ally of Pres. Kuchma and vowed to work with lawmakers.
    (WSJ, 7/17/97, p.A1)

1997        Dec 17, A Ukrainian jetliner from Odessa, a Yakoviev 42, was missing as it approached the Greek city of Salonica with 70-71 people onboard. The wreckage was located near Fotina, Greece, on Dec 20, as a Greek military plane, searching for the wreckage, crashed north of Athens. All five people aboard the C-130 transport plane were killed.
    (WSJ, 12/18/97, p.A1)(www.cnn.com/WORLD/9712/20/greece.plane.pm/)

1997        The Ukrainian film “A Friend of the Deceased” starred Alexandre Lazarev and Angelika Nevolina. It was directed by Vyacheslav Krishtofovich.
    (SFC, 5/15/98, p.C3)

1997        Former Soviet republics (Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan and Moldova) formed Guuam to seek cooperation outside Russian influence.
    (WSJ, 3/4/05, p.A13)

1998        Mar 24, Vasyl Koryak, mayor of Lubny in central Poltava, was badly wounded when gunmen opened fire on his car.
    (SFC, 3/25/98, p.A11)

1998        Mar 29, Parliamentary elections gave the Communists about 121 of 450 seats.
    (SFC, 4/1/98, p.A10)

1998        Mar, The government issued a warrant for Petro Kyrytchenko, a partner to Pavel Lazarenko in a money laundering operation.
    (SFC, 6/4/99, p.A16)

1998        Apr 4, In the Ukraine a gas explosion at the Skochinsky coal mine outside Donetsk killed 63 men.
    (SFEC, 4/5/98, p.A20)(AP, 4/4/08)

1998        Jul 17, In Eritrea a Ukrainian IL-78 transport plane crashed near Asmara and killed 9 people.
    (SFC, 7/18/98, p.A14)

1998        Jul 28, The Ukraine faced a financial crises as $1 billion in bond payments came due and parliament rejected austerity measures.
    (WSJ, 7/28/98, p.A1)

1998        Aug 12, Prime Minister Valery Pustovitenko called 1,500 executives to a civil defense base to solve the question of their debts. A previous summons had net 70 million, but was not sufficient to cover the $3.5 billion budget deficit.
    (SFC, 8/14/98, p.A10)

1998        Sep 4, Ukraine clinched a $2.2 billion IMF loan and announced a de facto currency devaluation for its hryvnia to between 2.5 and 3.5 to the dollar.
    (WSJ, 9/8/98, p.A23)

1998        Sep 9, The UN General Assembly elected Uruguay’s foreign minister as president for its 53rd session. Didier Opertiti replaced Hennadiy Udovenko of Ukraine.
    (SFC, 9/10/98, p.C2)

1998        Sep 13, Victor Verloo (64), a Peace Corps volunteer from Sacramento, was stabbed to death by robbers in Chernihiv, north of Kiev.
    (SFC, 9/16/98, p.A3)

1998        Former prime minister Pavlo Lazarenko purchased the former Eddie Murphy California Bay Area mansion for $6.7 million.
    (SFC, 6/4/99, p.A16)(SFC, 6/2/00, p.A19)

1999        Jan 19, From the Ukraine it was reported that the number of HIV cases had risen to between 38,000 and 110,000. In 1994 44 people tested positive.
    (SFC, 1/19/99, p.A6)

1999        Jan, Former Prime Minister Lazarenko was detained by US authorities and transferred to a detention center in Dublin, Ca., to await a hearing on extradition charges filed by the Swiss government. Lazarenko maintained his affiliation with the Hromada Party and his position as candidate for presidency in the October elections.
    (SFC, 6/4/99, p.A1)

1999        Feb 19, The Ukraine Parliament withdrew the immunity of former prime minister Lazarenko and issued a warrant for his arrest on charges of embezzlement and misuse of government funds.
    (SFC, 2/23/99, p.A14)

1999        Mar 7, Ukraine restarted nuclear reactor No. 3 at Chernobyl following repairs that began Dec 15.
    (SFC, 3/8/99, p.A16)

1999        Mar 25, Viacheslav Chornovil (61), prominent politician and former Soviet political prisoner, died in a car crash.
    (SFC, 3/27/99, p.C2)

1999        Apr 1, In Zhytomyr, Ukraine, Anatoly Onoprienko was sentenced to death for the deaths of 52 men, women and children between 1989 and 1996. 43 of the killings occurred in a 6 month period.
    (OTD)

1999        May 19, Ukrainian authorities on 19 May 1999 arrested four Russian citizens who were attempting to smuggle 20kg of “enriched uranium ore” to Western Europe.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3cydhn)

1999        May 24, The Ukraine reported that it had lost $220 million in trade since the NATO war against Yugoslavia began. 90% of the Ukraine population was against the NATO bombing.
    (SFC, 5/25/99, p.A8)

1999        May 24, A methane gas explosion in a mine killed 39 [50] and injured 48 in the Donetsk region.
    (WSJ, 5/26/99, p.A1)(SFEC, 3/12/00, p.A17)

1999        Jun 18, In California Peter Kirichenko, a Ukrainian citizen, was arrested in Tiburon. He was wanted by Swiss authorities for aiding former Ukrainian Prime Minister Pavel Lazarenko in a money laundering scheme.
    (SFEC, 6/20/99, p.C2)

1999        Jul, Pres. Kuchma and the parliament agreed to deploy 800 soldiers for peacekeeping in Kosovo with financial assistance from NATO.
    (SFEC, 8/1/99, p.A20)

1999        Jul 31, The Ukraine and the US agreed to extend the nuclear weapon and ballistic missile dismantling program for 6 years.
    (SFEC, 8/1/99, p.A20)

1999        Sep, Leonid Kuchma ordered his police and tax authorities to undertake a campaign of threats and intimidation to guarantee an election victory. Recordings of this were made public in 2001.
    (SFC, 2/20/01, p.A9)

1999        Oct 2, Natalia Vitrenko of the leftist Progressive Socialist Party was wounded in a grenade attack at a campaign meeting in Inguletsk.
    (WSJ, 10/4/99, p.A1)

1999        Oct 31, Elections were held and Pres. Kuchma was favored. Kuchma came in 1st with 36.5% of the vote vs. Communist leader Petro Symonenko with 22.2%. A runoff was scheduled in 2 weeks.
    (WSJ, 10/29/99, p.A1)(SFC, 11/1/99, p.A13)(SFC, 11/2/99, p.A14)

1999        Nov 14, Pres. Kuchma won a 2nd term by a 56% margin over Petro Symonenko with 97% of the ballots counted.
    (SFC, 11/15/99, p.A17)

1999        Nov 26, Reactor No. 3, the functioning power plant at Chernobyl and site of the 1986 accident, reopened.
    (SFC, 11/26/99, p.A22)(SFC, 11/27/99, p.A18)

1999        Dec, Pres. Kuchma abolished over 10,000 Soviet-era collective farms. He decreed that the land be divided among the farm workers. The plots averaged 6 to 7.5 acres and the owners had the right to rent the land but not to sell it.
    (WSJ, 7/24/00, p.B19F)

1999        Victor Yuschenko became Ukraine’s prime minister and served to 2001. He managed to reverse the country’s economic decline.
    (Econ, 10/30/04, p.27)

2000        Mar 11, A methane gas explosion at the Barakova mine on the eastern border killed at least 80 workers.
    (SFEC, 3/12/00, p.A17)

2000        Mar 15, The IMF announced that Ukraine had provided false data on its currency reserves between 1996 and 1998 in order to get 3 loans approved.
    (SFC, 3/16/00, p.A15)

2000        Apr 6, Prime Minister Viktor Yushchenko won parliamentary approval for a 5-year plan to cut state bureaucracy, deregulate business, open up privatization efforts, create a private land market, lower taxes and improve tax collection.
    (WSJ, 4/7/00, p.A15)

2000        May 18, Former Ukraine prime minister Pavel Lazarenko was indicted by a San Francisco grand jury for money laundering and transportation of stolen property. In 2003 he put up an $86 million bail and was confined to a SF apartment. In 2004 a federal judge in SF dismissed nearly half the charges against Lazarenko. On June 3, 2004, Lazarenko was convicted on 29 felony charges. His money laundering was guessed to be in excess of $40 million.
    (SFC, 6/2/00, p.A19)(SSFC, 10/19/03, p.A25)(SFC, 5/8/04, p.B3)(SFC, 6/4/04, A3)

2000        cMay, Troops accidentally fired a missile into an apartment building in Kiev and 4 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/10/01, p.A20)

2000        Jun 5, Pres. Clinton met with Pres. Kuchma in Ukraine and Kuchma announced the closure of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant by Dec 15. Clinton pledged $80 million to help pay the $750 million cost to stabilize the sarcophagus of the ruined reactor.
    (SFC, 6/6/00, p.A1)

2000        Jul 5, The Chernobyl nuclear plant drew pledges of $715 million from Western nations for a 5-year project to replace the protective tomb built to close off the 1986 nuclear accident.
    (WSJ, 7/6/00, p.A1)

2000        Jul, Ukraine’s Pres. Kuchma authorized the sale of an advanced $100 million radar system to Iraq in violation of UN sanctions. Evidence of the sale emerged in 2002.
    (SFC, 4/16/02, p.A7)(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A18)

2000        Aug 31, Pres. Kuchma declared 4 villages near Mykolaiv an ecological disaster zone due to illnesses of some 400 residents since July 4. Chemical poisoning from Soviet-era rocket fuel leaks was blamed.
    (SFC, 9/1/00, p.D5)

2000        Sep 16, Hrihori Gongadze (31), journalist, disappeared in Kiev. He was an outspoken critic of the government and of high-level corruption. A beheaded body, believed to be his, was found in Nov. Gongadze was the founder of the Internet news site Ukrainian Truth. In 2001 the government announced that he was killed by criminals who were also murdered and that the killings had nothing to do with politics. Suspects in the murder were arrested in 2005. In 2005 a commission investigating the kidnapping and killing of Gongadze accused parliament's Speaker Volodymyr Lytvyn of instigating the slaying. Findings stemmed from recordings in which voices resembling those of Lytvyn, former President Leonid Kuchma and other officials are heard allegedly conspiring against Gongadze. The trial of three former police officers charged with killing Gongadze opened in 2006. In 2008 a court in Kiev jailed three former police officers for between 12 and 13 years for the murder of Ukrainian journalist Georgy Gongadze. In 2009 National Security Service agents arrested the fourth suspect, Olexiy Pukach, who was working as the chief of the Interior Ministry's surveillance department at the time of the killing.
    (SFC, 11/17/00, p.D6)(SFC, 12/14/00, p.C4)(SFC, 5/16/01, p.D14)(SFC, 3/2/05, p.A3)(AP, 9/21/05)(AP, 1/10/06)(AFP, 3/15/08)(AP, 7/22/09)

2000        Dec 6, The last working reactor at Chernobyl was shut down due to a malfunction 9 days before a scheduled permanent shut down. It was later powered back up prior to the official shut down.
    (SFC, 12/7/00, p.C10)(SFC, 12/15/00, p.D2)

2000        Dec 15, In Ukraine the last working nuclear plant at Chernobyl was shut down. It had recently undergone $300 million in safety improvements. The destroyed reactor, which contained up to 66 tons of melted nuclear fuel and 37 tons of radioactive dust, was still leaking radiation. A new sarcophagus was expected to cost $758 million.
    (SFC, 12/15/00, p.D2)(SFC, 12/16/00, p.A22)

2000        Dr. Andrew Wilson, historian and analyst at the European Council on foreign relations, authored “The Ukrainians: Unexpected Nation.”
    (www.amazon.com/Ukrainians-Unexpected-Dr-Andrew-Wilson/dp/0300083556)

2001        Jan 21, Nine miners died and 15 were injured in a gas explosion in the Donetsk coal region. 318 miners were killed in 2000.
    (WSJ, 1/22/01, p.A1)

2001        Jan 26, The 198-foot vessel Pamyat Merkuriya sank in the Black Sea and at least 14 people were killed. The ship was enroute to Yevpatoria, Ukraine, from Istanbul.
    (SFC, 1/30/01, p.A11)

2001        Feb 6, Up to 5,000 protesters marched in Kiev and demanded the resignation of Pres. Kuchma. Kuchma’s voice on recent private recordings included an order for a journalist’s abduction and threats to a judge.
    (SFC, 2/7/01, p.A14)

2001        Feb 11, Some 5-10 thousand protesters called for the resignation of Pres. Kuchma. Kuchma fired 2 top security officials amid the growing scandal of a journalist killed while investigating graft.
    (SFC, 2/12/01, p.B1)(WSJ, 2/12/01, p.A1)

2001        Feb 12, Pres. Kuchma and Pres. Putin met at the Yuzmash rocket plant and agreed to reconnect their countries’ electricity grids and made 14 other agreements securing Russian orders from Ukrainian factories.
    (SFC, 2/13/01, p.A10)

2001        Feb 13, Yulia Tymoshenko, Ukraine’s former Deputy Prime Minister and a principal opponent to Pres. Kuchma, was arrested on charges dating back to 1996 when she was head of United Energy Systems. Ms. Tymoshenko made her fortune in murky gas trades between Russia and the Ukraine in the early 1990s.
    (SFC, 2/14/01, p.A14)(Econ, 10/6/07, p.59)

2001        Mar 8, Flooding in the Ukraine and northeastern Hungary left at least 5 people dead. Tens of thousands were driven from their homes as the Tisza and other Carpathian streams rose.
    (WSJ, 3/9/01, p.A1)

2001        Mar 9, In Ukraine tens of thousands of demonstrators rioted in Kiev to force Pres. Kuchma from office.
    (SFC, 3/10/01, p.A8)

2001        Mar 26, Pres. Kuchma fired his interior minister.
    (WSJ, 3/27/01, p.A1)

2001        Apr 26, In Ukraine the parliament voted 263-59 to dismiss Prime Minister Viktor Yuschenko. A large crowd of his supporters called for the impeachment of Pres. Kuchma.
    (SFC, 4/27/01, p.D2)

2001        May 3, US federal agents broke up a smuggling ring that brought hundreds of Ukrainians into the US through Mexico.
    (WSJ, 5/4/01, p.A1)

2001        May 22, Pres. Kuchma planned to nominate Anatoly Kinakh (46), a close ally and industrialist, as prime minister.
    (SFC, 5/23/01, p.C4)

2001        May 29, The Parliament confirmed Anatoly Kinakh as prime minister.
    (SFC, 5/30/01, p.A12)

2001        Jun 23, Pope John Paul II began his 5-day visit to Ukraine, where the Greek Catholic Church had 5 million followers who observed Byzantine rites but were loyal to Rome. He hoped to mend a rift with the Eastern Orthodoxy.
    (SFC, 6/22/01, p.A14)

2001        Jun 25, Pope John Paul II planned to visit Babi Yar where some 200,000 Jews and other Nazi victims are buried. Pope John Paul II visited Babi Yar, the site of a Nazi massacre of at least 100,000 Jews. [see 1941]
    (SFC, 6/25/01, p.A8)(WSJ, 6/26/01, p.A1)

2001        Jul 3, TV director Ihor Alexandrov was beaten to death by unknown assailants in Slaviansk. In 2000 a European court on Human Rights had cleared him of charges for violating laws on campaign coverage.
    (WSJ, 7/9/01, p.A1)(SFC, 7/11/01, p.A8)

2001        Aug 19, A methane and coal dust explosion killed 36 miners at the Zasiadko mine in the Donetsk region.
    (SFC, 8/20/01, p.A9)

2001        Sep 28, The Ukraine began military exercises with attacks planned against unmanned drones.
    (SFC, 10/5/01, p.A17)

2001        Oct 4, A chartered Russian Tupelov-154 airplane crashed in to the Black Sea and all 78 people aboard were killed. The Sibir Airlines jet was bound to Novosibirsk from Tel Aviv. An accidental missile strike from Ukrainian military forces was suspected but denied by Ukraine officials. Pres. Putin said terrorists might have been responsible. Later evidence indicated that flight 1812 was hit by an S-200 missile. On Oct 12 Ukraine and Russia acknowledged that an errant missile was the probable cause. In 2003 Ukraine agreed to pay $200,000 for each Israeli killed.
    (SFC, 10/6/01, p.A11)(WSJ, 11/21/03, p.A1)(www.ncsj.org/AuxPages/100501crash.shtml)

2001        Oct 24,  Pres. Kuchma accepted the resignation of his defense minister and suspended all missile and anti-aircraft firing. He also apologized to Russia and Israel for the Oct 4 accident.
    (SFC, 10/25/01, p.C2)

2001        Nov 28, A UN report on AIDS noted Ukraine as the 1st European nation to report 1% of its adults infected. Rapid spread was noted across Eastern Europe.
    (WSJ, 11/29/01, p.A1)

2002        Jan 17, Sergei Belousov, co-editor of the Berdyansk Delovoi newspaper, suffered a concussion when his Toyota Land Cruiser steering failed. He and his wife reported on official corruption in the country.
    (SFC, 3/29/02, p.A6)

2002        Jan 28, Tatyana Goriachova, co-editor of the Berdyansk Delovoi newspaper and wife of Sergei Belousov, was attacked with hydrochloric acid to her face.
    (SFC, 3/29/02, p.A6)

2002        Mar 31, In Ukraine elections the pro-Western Our Ukraine led by former PM Viktor Yuschenko led with 23%. The Communist Party had 20%.  Pres. Kuchma’s United Ukraine had 13% and expected 119 seats in parliament. The parties provide half the 450 sets of the parliament, known as the Verkhovna Rada. Direct elections decide the other half.
    (SFC, 4/1/02, p.A6)(SFC, 4/2/02, p.A6)(SFC, 4/3/02, p.A7)

2002        Apr 15, Evidence was made public that Pres. Kuchma in 2000 authorized the sale of an advanced $100 million radar system to Iraq in violation of UN sanctions.
    (SFC, 4/16/02, p.A7)

2002        Jun, Computer hackers from around the world gathered in Odessa, Ukraine, for summit on trading tips and setting up rules for bilking targets.
    (SSFC, 10/23/11, p.F2)

2002        Jul 7, In eastern Ukraine rescue workers found the bodies of 35 miners killed in one of two fires over the weekend in mines.
    (AP, 7/7/02)(AP, 7/8/02)

2002        Jul 21, A methane gas explosion tore through a Ukrainian coal mine, killing at least six miners and leaving more than 28 missing.
    (AP, 7/21/02)

2002        Jul 27, In Lviv, Ukraine, a fighter jet slammed onto the tarmac and sliced through a crowd watching an air show, killing 85 people and injured 116.
    (AP, 7/28/02)(WSJ, 8/8/02, p.A1)

2002        Jul 31, In Ukraine a coal mine blast killed 19 miners, 3,557 underground.
    (SFC, 8/1/02, p.A14)

2002        Sep 16, In Ukraine, some 15,000 demonstrators marched in Kiev and tens of thousands of others gathered in public squares around the country, demanding that President Leonid Kuchma resign or call new elections.
    (AP, 9/16/02)

2002        Oct 12, In Ukraine tens of thousands of protesters laid out their charges against President Leonid Kuchma at a "people's tribunal" , and opposition lawmakers said prosecutors promised to review their complaints.
    (AP, 10/12/02)

2002        Oct 15, A judge opened a criminal case against embattled Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma, a day after U.S. and British experts began investigating allegations that he approved the sale of a radar system to Iraq.
    (AP, 10/15/02)

2002        Nov 16, Ukraine Pres. Leonid Kuchma fired the government of Prime Minister Anatoly Kinakh and nominated Victor Yanukovych, governor of the Danetsk coal region, as PM.
    (AP, 11/16/02)(SSFC, 11/17/02, p.A19)

2002        Nov 17, Ukraine Pres. Leonid Kuchma went to China seeking support for his request that U.N. inspectors verify that his government did not transfer radar systems to Iraq.
    (AP, 11/17/02)

2002        Dec 23, In central Iran a Ukrainian An-140 aircraft, carrying Ukrainian and Russian aerospace scientists from Turkey, flew into a mountainside while preparing to land killing all 46 people on board. Airport officials said pilot "carelessness" caused the plane to crash.
    (AP, 12/24/02)

2002        The Ukraine military offered a half-hour flight on the MiG-29 for $8,500.
    (SFC, 9/13/02, p.A12)

2002        A European firm won a $43 million settlement against the Ukraine state in a dispute over an oil-refinery contract. Ukraine refused to pay and the company seized 2 Ruslan transport planes, one in Canada and one in Brussels.
    (WSJ, 1/19/05, p.A1)

2002        Semion Mogilevich (b.1946), a Ukrainian businessman, and Igor Fisherman were indicted in Philadelphia on charges of money laundering and securities fraud in connection with the collapse of YBM Magnex, Inc. in which investors lost some $150 million. In 2006 Mogilevich was under investigation for possible links to natural gas deals between Russia and Ukraine.
    (WSJ, 12/22/06, p.A11)

2002-2004    The US funneled $57.8 million to the Ukraine to support of pro-Democracy activities.
    (SSFC, 12/19/04, p.A3)

2003        Jan 18, Serhiy Naboka (47), one of Ukraine's best-known journalists, and a reporter for a U.S.-funded radio station, was found dead in his hotel room.
    (AP, 1/18/03)

2003        Apr 28, Ukraine's Pres. Leonid Kuchma signed a bill prohibiting media censorship amid claims by journalists that his administration is meddling in their work.
    (AP, 4/28/03)

2003        May, Ukraine reformed its tax code along Russian lines with a 13% top marginal rate.
    (WSJ, 7/11/03, p.A8)

2003        Oct 22, Tensions spiraled between Ukraine and Russia over a small island controlling access to disputed waters. Pres. Leonid Kuchma cut short a Latin American trip to return home to deal with the issue. The dispute centers on construction of a dike from the Russian mainland out into the Kerch Strait that connects the Black and Azov Seas.
    (AP, 10/23/03)

2003        Oct 28, In southern Iraq 7 Ukrainian peacekeepers were wounded when militants attacked their patrol. 1,650 Ukrainian troops served in the Polish-led stabilization force.
    (AP, 10/29/03)

2003        Dec 17, In the Ukraine a bus veered off a mountain road and plunged into a deep ditch on the Crimean peninsula, killing 17 people and injuring 19 others.
    (AP, 12/18/03)

2003        Dec 24, Ukraine's parliament, the Verkhovna Rada, gave initial approval to constitutional amendments allowing the president to be elected by the legislature rather than by popular vote.
    (AP, 12/24/03)(WPR, 3/04, p.28)

2003        Dec 30, Ukraine's Constitutional Court ruled that President Leonid Kuchma can run for a third five-year term next year.
    (AP, 12/30/03)

2003        Ukraine’s President Leonid Kuchma authored a book called “Ukraine Is Not Russia.”
    (Econ, 2/26/11, p.58)

2004        Mar 4, Ukrainian authorities pulled a private station off the air, four days after it began broadcasting U.S.-funded Radio Liberty's shortwave programming.
    (AP, 3/4/04)

2004        Apr 9, Investigators in the Ukraine reported that the bodies of at least 50 people believed to have been killed by Nazi troops have been unearthed from a mass grave in the Crimean peninsula, 550 miles southeast of Kiev.
    (AP, 4/10/04)

2004        Jul 19, In eastern Ukraine a coal mine methane gas explosion killed at least 34 miners near Donetsk.
    (AP, 7/20/05)

2004        Aug 2, Ukraine's prime minister called for reducing the country's troop contingent in Iraq, openly disagreeing with top defense officials who want to increase the force.
    (AP, 8/2/04)

2004        Aug 8, President Leonid Kuchma, joined by other top officials, attended the startup of nuclear reactor No. 2 at the Khmelnitskyi plant in western Ukraine.
    (AP, 8/8/04)

2004        Oct 23, In Ukraine tens of thousands of people supporting opposition presidential candidate Viktor Yushchenko rallied in Kiev demanding that next week's presidential election be free and fair.
    (AP, 10/23/04)

2004        Oct 31, Ukrainians cast ballots in a presidential vote. The opposition complained of violations just hours into the polling. Key contenders included pro-Russian PM Viktor Yanukovych and former PM Viktor Yushchenko, a reformist candidate. Yushchenko won by .5%, but failed to get a majority setting up a runoff vote for Nov 21. Observers from NATO and Europe said the balloting did not meet democratic standards.
    (AP, 10/31/04)(AP, 11/1/04)(WSJ, 11/19/04, p.A12)

2004        Nov 6, In Ukraine tens of thousands of supporters of presidential candidate Viktor Yushchenko filled Kiev's main square, joining nationwide protests over alleged election fraud.
    (AP, 11/6/04)

2004        Nov 10, After a delayed final tally reformist opposition candidate Viktor Yushchenko edged the prime minister in the first round of Ukraine's presidential vote.
    (AP, 11/10/04)

2004        Nov 21, Ukrainians cast ballots in a presidential run-off.
    (AP, 11/21/04)

2004        Nov 22, Ukraine’s central electoral commission said that with 99.38 percent of polling stations reporting, PM Viktor Yanukovych had secured 49.42 percent of the vote compared to 46.7 for his Western-leaning rival, Viktor Yushchenko. Tens of thousands of demonstrators jammed downtown Kiev in freezing temperatures, denouncing Ukraine's presidential runoff election as fraudulent and chanting the name of their reformist candidate. The color orange spread as the symbol of protest and the movement began to be called the Orange Revolution.
    (AP, 11/22/04)(WSJ, 11/29/04, p.A1)

2004        Nov 23, Opposition leader Viktor Yushchenko declared victory in Ukraine's presidential election and took a symbolic oath of office. About 200,000 supporters gathered in the capital to protest alleged election fraud. He won a court-ordered revote in December 2004.
    (AP, 11/23/04)(AP, 11/23/05)

2004        Nov 24, Ukraine's election commission declared Viktor Yanukovych, the Kremlin-backed prime minister, as winner. Ukraine's opposition called for a new round of presidential elections to resolve the political crisis gripping the nation. EU leaders, alleging fraud, warned of "consequences" if the poll was not reviewed.
    (AP, 11/24/04)

2004        Nov 25, Ukraine's Supreme Court prohibited making the results of the nation's disputed presidential election official until it considers an appeal.
    (AP, 11/25/04)

2004        Nov 27, Ukraine's parliament declared invalid the disputed presidential election that triggered a week of growing street protests and legal maneuvers, raising the possibility that a new vote could be held.
    (AP, 11/27/04)

2004        Nov 28, Ukraine’s outgoing President Leonid Kuchma called on opposition supporters to end their four-day blockade of government buildings, saying compromise is needed to solve the political crisis.
    (AP, 11/28/04)

2004        Nov 30, Opposition supporters tried to rush through the doors of the parliament building after Ukrainian lawmakers appeared to backslide from supporting measures that would overturn the results of last week's disputed presidential election.
    (AP, 11/30/04)

2004        Dec 1, Ukraine's parliament brought down the government of PM Viktor Yanukovych with a no-confidence motion in a show of the opposition's strength. The outgoing president called for an entirely new presidential election to be held to resolve the spiraling political crisis.
    (AP, 12/1/04)

2004        Dec 3, Ukraine’s Supreme Court overturned the results of the disputed presidential elections and ordered a new runoff by Dec 26.
    (SFC, 12/4/04, p.A1)

2004        Dec 8, Ukraine's parliament adopted electoral and constitutional changes in a compromise intended to defuse the nation's political crisis.
    (AP, 12/8/04)

2004        Dec 9, In Kiev, Ukraine, opposition protestors lifted their 2-week siege.
    (SFC, 12/10/04, p.A3)

2004        Dec 11, Doctors in Austria determined that Ukrainian presidential candidate Viktor Yushchenko had been poisoned with dioxin, which caused the severe disfigurement and partial paralysis of his face.
    (AP, 12/11/05)

2004        Dec 27, Ukraine election officials said opposition leader Viktor Yushchenko won 51.99 percent to 44.19 percent for Moscow-backed PM Viktor Yanukovych. Supporters of the pro-Russian PM vowed to challenge the results in court.
    (AFP, 12/28/04)

2004        Dec 27, Ukrainian Transport Minister Heorhiy Kirpa, a supporter of the trailing candidate in the presidential election, was found dead in his house from a gunshot wound. Opposition figures claimed that Kirpa allocated trains to ferry Yanukovych supporters to vote at multiple polling sites in Nov. 21 presidential balloting that eventually was annulled by the Ukraine Supreme Court.
    (AP, 12/27/04)

2004        Dec 31, Ukrainian PM Viktor Yanukovych resigned, acknowledging that he had little hope of reversing the election victory of his Western-leaning rival, Viktor Yushchenko.
    (AP, 12/31/05)

2004        Inflation in the Ukraine hit a 4-year high of 12.3%.
    (WSJ, 3/28/05, p.A14)

2004        The Ukraine Kryvorizhstal steelworks was privatized at half its market value to two of the country’s richest men, Victor Pinchuk, the son-in-law of Pres. Kuchma, and Rinat Akhmetov.
    (Econ, 10/30/04, p.27)(Econ, 12/18/04, p.102)

2005        Jan 1, Ukraine was forecast for 7% annual GDP growth with a population at 46.9 million and GDP per head at $1,630.
    (Econ, 1/8/05, p.90)

2005        Jan 3, Ukraine gave in and agreed to pay Turkmenistan a third more for natural gas following a shut-off.
    (WSJ, 1/4/05, p.A1)

2005        Jan 9, In Iraq 7 Ukrainian soldiers and one Kazakh serving with the U.S.-led coalition were killed in an explosion while loading bombs that could be used by warplanes.
    (AP, 1/9/05)

2005        Jan 10, Ukraine's Election Commission declared Viktor Yushchenko the winner of the presidential vote.
    (AP, 1/10/06)

2005        Jan 11, The Ukrainian parliament called for an immediate withdrawal of the nation's peacekeepers from Iraq. The vote was non-binding but reflected growing national dismay over the mission.
    (AP, 1/11/05)

2005        Jan 23, Viktor Yushchenko was sworn in as president of Ukraine.
    (AP, 1/23/06)

2005        Jan 24, Ukraine President Viktor Yushchenko, visiting Moscow on a trip to mend relations after a bitter election campaign, appointed top ally Yulia Tymoshenko as prime minister.
    (AP, 1/24/05)

2005        Feb 4, The Ukraine Parliament unanimously approved fiery opposition leader Yulia Tymoshenko as PM, along with her government's new program to raise living standards, tackle corruption and set Ukraine on a westward course.
    (AP, 2/4/05)
2005        Feb 4, A Ukraine intelligence official said secret indictments and arrests have taken place against at least 6 arms dealers accused of selling nuclear capable missiles to China and Iran.
    (SFC, 2/4/05, p.A5)

2005        Feb 22, In Belgium a Nato summit announced a 12-year program to destroy Soviet-era weapons in Ukraine. Ukraine’s Pres. Viktor Yushchenko attended.
    (WSJ, 2/22/05, p.A1)

2005        Feb 26, The Ukraine cabinet stripped former president Leonid Kuchma of a plush and widely criticized retirement package that featured a monthly pension, two cars, a government home and much more.
    (AP, 2/26/05)

2005        Mar 1, Ukraine’s top security body decided to Ukrainian troops from Iraq.
    (SFC, 3/2/05, p.A12)

2005        Mar 4, Ukraine's former interior minister was found dead of an apparent suicide, just before he was to meet with prosecutors for questioning about the 2000 slaying of an investigative journalist. The minister had two shots to the head.
    (AP, 3/4/05)(Econ, 4/2/11, p.50)

2005        Mar 12, Ukraine withdrew 150 servicemen from Iraq, starting a gradual pullout that officials have said will be completed by October.
    (AP, 3/12/05)

2005        Mar 18, In Kiev prosecutors said Ukrainian weapons dealers smuggled 18 nuclear-capable cruise missiles to Iran and China in 2001 during former President Leonid Kuchma's administration.
    (AP, 3/18/05)

2005        Apr 6, A joint session of US Congress listened to Ukrainian Pres. Yushchenko as he called for an end to trade barriers and a new era in US-Ukraine relations.
    (SFC, 4/7/05, p.A8)

2005        May 12, Austrian authorities reported the break up a major human trafficking ring led by Romanian, Moldovan and Ukrainian criminals who smuggled more than 5,000 East Europeans to the West, many enduring horrific conditions in tiny hiding spaces in cars, trucks and trailers.
    (AP, 5/12/05)

2005        May 20, A federal judge in SF tossed out half of the convictions against former Ukrainian Prime Minister Pavlo Lazarenko in a multi-count money-laundering and fraud verdict, but refused to grant a new trial.
    (AP, 5/21/05)

2005        May 26, The US and Ukraine signed an agreement to safeguard nuclear waste and upgrade storage facilities in Ukraine.
    (SFC, 5/27/05, p.A3)

2005        Jun 2, In southern Ukraine a freight train crashed into a passenger bus at a railroad crossing, killing 14 people. In a separate accident, a train crashed into a car at another crossing point, killing three people.
    (AP, 6/2/05)

2005        Jun 13, Ukraine prosecutors said authorities had arrested the former head of Ukraine's peacekeeping troops in Iraq on charges of smuggling.
    (AP, 6/13/05)

2005        Aug 12, Leaders of Georgia and Ukraine called for an alliance that would champion democracy in the former Soviet lands.
    (AP, 8/12/05)

2005        Aug 28, A Jewish student was attacked by 7 young men near the Central Synagogue School in Kiev, where he studied. He remained in a coma after 2 days and Ukraine's Pres. Yushchenko condemned the brutal beating and ordered senior officials to take personal control of the case.
    (AP, 8/30/05)

2005        Sep 5, In the Ukraine Oleksandr Zinchenko, a close aide to President Viktor Yushchenko who was a chief organizer of the "Orange Revolution" protests, said he had resigned from the government because of systemic corruption.
    (AP, 9/6/05)

2005        Sep 8, Ukraine President Viktor Yushchenko dismissed his Cabinet amid swirling allegations of corruption, saying members of the fragile coalition formed after last year's Orange Revolution had turned on one another.
    (AP, 9/8/05)

2005        Sep 20, Ukraine’s Pres. Viktor Yushchenko failed to win support for his candidate as premier. Yuri Yekhanurov, a middle-of-the-road technocrat and ally of the president, won 223 votes, three short of the required majority in the 450-seat assembly.
    (AP, 9/20/05)

2005        Sep 22, Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko forged an awkward alliance with Viktor Yanukovych's Party of the Regions, his archrival and Orange Revolution enemy, to get his choice for new PM through parliament. Parliament approved Yuriy Yekhanurov with 289 votes.
    (AP, 9/22/05)

2005        Oct 7-2005 Oct 8, More than 330 school children in western Ukraine were hospitalized with food poisoning, including four who were in critical condition. A preliminary investigation showed that the source of infection as a dysentery bacteria in kefir, a popular drink made of fermented milk.
    (AP, 10/8/05)

2005        Oct 14, President Viktor Yushchenko dismissed Ukraine's top prosecutor less than a week after he launched investigations against a presidential ally, deepening the confusion in the former Soviet republic.
    (AP, 10/14/05)

2005        Oct 23, Pope Benedict XVI named five new saints at the close of a 3-week Synod of Bishops. They included: Josef Bilczewski, archbishop of Lviv, who was greatly admired by Catholics, Orthodox Christians and Jews alike during World War and the Rev. Zygmunt Gorazdowski, who founded the Congregation for the Sisters of St. Joseph to care for the sick and poor.
    (AP, 10/23/05)

2005        Oct 24, NATO pledged to help Ukraine push through military reforms seen as essential to prepare the country for membership in the Western alliance, a prospect viewed with concern in Russia.
    (AP, 10/24/05)
2005        Oct 24, Ukraine auctioned a 93% stake in Kryvorizhstal, its largest steel mill, to Mittal Steel, the world’s biggest steelmaker, for $4.8 billion.
    (Econ, 10/29/05, p.50)

2005        Nov 27, Pirates freed a Ukrainian cargo ship seized nearly 40 days ago off the coast of Somalia. The Panahia and its 22 crew members were seized Oct 18. It was not immediately clear if the $700,000 ransom demanded by the pirates had been paid.
    (AP, 11/27/05)

2005        Dec 2, In Kiev 9 presidents from Baltic and Black Sea nations pledged to strengthen democracy in a region traditionally considered Russia's neighborhood. They included Estonia, Georgia, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Slovenia, Romania and the Ukraine.
    (AP, 12/02/05)

2005        Dec 3, Ukraine reported its first outbreak of bird flu, discovered among some 1,500 dead chickens and geese in the Black Sea region of Crimea.
    (AP, 12/03/05)

2005        Dec 8, Ukraine said it had detected the highly pathogenic type of bird flu that is dangerous to humans, the strain known as H5N1. The September outbreak was located in several villages in the Crimean peninsula where about 2,500 birds died within hours.
    (AP, 12/08/05)

2005        Dec 20, Ukraine began pulling its remaining 876 troops out of Iraq, the defense ministry said, making it the latest nation to wind down its presence in the U.S.-led coalition.
    (AP, 12/20/05)

2005        Dec 27, Ukraine and Bulgaria said all their troops had left Iraq. Poland said it would remain but reduce its number of troops by 600 next year.
    (AP, 12/27/05)

2005        Dec 29, Russia bought up gas supplies from Turkmenistan to prevent Ukraine from getting them. Russia was demanding a quadruple increase in gas prices.
    (WSJ, 12/30/05, p.A1)

2005        Dec 31, President Vladimir Putin ordered Russia's state-owned natural gas monopoly to supply Ukraine with natural gas at the current price for three months, if the government in Kiev immediately agreed to a big price hike to take effect later.
    (AP, 12/31/05)

2005        Marina Lewycka (b.1946), a British writer of Ukrainian origin, authored “A Short History of Tractors in Ukrainian.” The novel was hailed as one of the funniest of the year.
    (Econ, 4/21/07, p.95)

2006        Jan 1, Russia's natural gas monopoly halted sales to Ukraine in a price dispute and began reducing pressure in transmission lines that also carry substantial supplies to western Europe. Supplies of natural gas to Poland have been hit by cuts imposed by Russia on the amount of gas entering the pipeline system in neighbouring Ukraine.
    (Reuters, 1/1/06)(AFP, 1/1/06)

2006        Jan 2, Russia's state-controlled natural gas monopoly accused Ukraine of diverting about $25 million worth of Russian gas intended for other customers, a day after Moscow halted deliveries to Kiev in a price dispute whose effects were spreading across Europe.
    (AP, 1/2/06)
2006        Jan 2, A heavily-criticized Russia promised to restore full gas supplies to Europe after Germany warned that its dispute with Ukraine over deliveries could hurt its long-term credibility as an energy supplier.
    (AP, 1/2/06)

2006        Jan 3, Russian and Ukrainian officials agreed to resume talks on resolving a dispute over the price of natural gas that has reverberated across the continent and left Ukraine cut off from its supplies.
    (AP, 1/3/06)

2006        Jan 4, The Russian and Ukrainian natural gas companies agreed on a plan to resume gas shipments to Ukraine that allowed both sides to claim victory after a commercial and political dispute that had raised fears of gas shortages in Europe.
    (AP, 1/4/06)

2006        Jan 10, Ukraine’s Parliament fired the Cabinet because of a new deal with Russia that nearly doubled what Ukraine pays for natural gas. PM Yuri Yekhanurov and the justice minister, however, said the vote was nonbinding and vowed that the current Cabinet would continue working.
    (AP, 1/10/06)

2006        Jan 13, Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko said that his country should produce its own nuclear fuel for power plants.
    (AP, 1/13/06)

2006        Jan 23, The US Trade Representative's Office said a 2nd layer of sanctions on Ukraine has been removed because of that country's progress in fighting piracy of US music and films.
    (AP, 1/23/06)

2006        Jan 25, An Arctic weather front wreaked more havoc across a wide swath of eastern Europe, killing 53 people overnight in Ukraine alone and severely disrupted transport networks in half-a-dozen countries.
    (AFP, 1/25/06)

2006        Feb 2, Russia and Ukraine announced the signing of an agreement finalizing their Jan 4 compromise on natural gas prices.
    (WSJ, 2/3/06, p.A10)

2006        Feb 14, A senior Russian official said Russia will not pay more to base its Black Sea Fleet in a Ukrainian port, rebuffing Ukrainian demands and setting the stage for the latest dispute between the ex-Soviet neighbors.
    (AP, 2/14/06)

2006        Feb 17, David Sampson, America’s Deputy Sec. of Commerce, announced in Kiev that the US now recognized Ukraine as a market economy.
    (Econ, 11/4/06, p.86)

2006        Mar 9, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said new customs rules imposed by Ukraine to tighten its border with Moldova's breakaway region violate a 1997 agreement and are an attempt to pressure the separatist Russian-speaking enclave.
    (AP, 3/9/06)

2006        Mar 26, Ukrainians cast ballots in a parliamentary election that could tip this divided ex-Soviet republic back toward Russia just 16 months after the Orange Revolution helped put it on a westward course.
    (AP, 3/26/06)

2006        Mar 27, In Ukraine early election results showed pro-Russia party led by Viktor Yanukovych taking the largest number of votes, followed by the president's former ally, Yulia Tymoshenko. President Viktor Yushchenko's party was a distant third, a stinging rebuke to his West-leaning administration. Yanukovych's party, which has pledged to make Russian a second state language, drop plans to join NATO and restore frayed ties with Moscow, was dominating in the Russian-speaking east and south.
    (AP, 3/27/06)

2006        Mar 28, Ukraine President Viktor Yushchenko met separately with both his estranged Orange Revolution ally and an old pro-Moscow adversary as he sought to form a coalition after most voters rejected his party in weekend parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 3/28/06)

2006        Apr 13, The three parties that were central to Ukraine's Orange Revolution signed a protocol aimed at advancing the formation of a coalition government and ending their wrangling after last month's elections.
    (AP, 4/13/06)

2006        Apr 18, Greenpeace said in a new report that more than 90,000 people were likely to die of cancers caused by radiation from the Chernobyl nuclear disaster, countering a United Nations report that predicted the death toll would be around 4,000.
    (AP, 4/18/06)

2006        Apr 22, In eastern Ukraine homemade bombs exploded in lockers at two supermarkets, wounding as many as 14 people.
    (AP, 4/22/06)
2006        Apr 22, Two British scientists reported that the long-term effects of the Chernobyl disaster could cause up to 66,000 extra deaths from cancer, 15 times more than UN officials predicted last year. Their report was titled "The Other Report on Chernobyl."
    (AFP, 4/22/06)

2006        Apr 24, The annual Goldman Environmental Prizes were awarded in San Francisco. The winners included Craig Williams (58) for helping to persuade Congress to order the Defense Dept. to consider alternatives to incinerating chemical weapons; Tarcisio Feitosa (35) of Brazil for his campaign against rampant logging; Olya Melen (26) of Ukraine for her suits forcing the government to scale back a large canal project impacting wetlands; Yu Xiaogang (35) of China for his reports on damages caused by new dams; Silas Siakor (36) of Liberia for his documentation showing how logging was used to fund civil war; and Anne Kajir of Papua New Guinea for her work to get reimbursements from logging companies to peasants.
    (WSJ, 4/24/06, p.B7)

2006        May 19, Ukraine cultural figures and celebrities criticized efforts to grant the Russian language special status, calling it an act of war against the Ukrainian language. Council officials said their decision is based on a European charter, which was ratified by the Ukrainian parliament in 2003, that protects regional and minority languages.
    (AP, 5/19/06)

2006        May 21, In SF some 62,000 runners participated in the annual Bay to Breakers race. Gilbert Okari (27) of Kenya won in 34 minutes and 20 seconds. Among the women Ukrainian Tetyana Hladyr won in 39:09. Mayor Newsom finished the 7.46 miles in 59:04.
    (SFC, 5/22/06, p.A1)

2006        Jun 11, Teams of veterinarians were sent to destroy domestic poultry in northern Ukraine after the first appearance of bird flu in the region.
    (Reuters, 6/12/06)
2006        Jun 11, US troops sent to the Black Sea peninsula of Crimea to prepare for joint war games left Ukraine after two weeks of protests organized by pro-Russian parties prevented them from carrying out their mission.
    (AP, 6/12/06)

2006        Jun 21, The parties behind Ukraine's Orange Revolution agreed to form a coalition government, ending three months of tense talks to preserve a pro-Western government that has sought to shed Russia's influence.
    (AP, 6/21/06)

2006        Jun 22, Parties backing the "Orange Revolution" agreed to form a coalition government to keep the pro-Western administration on course for bringing Ukraine out of Russia's shadow and into the European mainstream.
    (AP, 6/22/06)

2006        Jun 29, Ukraine's opposition party prevented members of a newly formed ruling coalition from taking their seats in parliament, stopping a vote on returning ousted PM Yulia Tymoshenko to her former job.
    (AP, 6/29/06)

2006        Jul 6, Ukraine's pro-Russian opposition ended a 10-day parliament blockade and lawmakers elected a speaker. The pro-Western coalition was sent into a tailspin by a ballot that in a surprise move saw its smallest faction, the Socialists, join with pro-Russian parties to elect its leader Olexander Moroz as speaker.
    (AP, 7/6/06)

2006        Jul 11, Ukraine's newly created pro-Russian governing coalition proposed Viktor Yanukovych, a bitter rival of President Viktor Yushchenko, as the next prime minister, an appointment that would mark a humiliating defeat for the president.
    (AP, 7/11/06)

2006        Jul 29, Marathon talks to end Ukraine's political paralysis broke off without an agreement between President Viktor Yushchenko and the pro-Russian parliamentary majority that has nominated his former Orange Revolution rival as prime minister.
    (AP, 7/29/06)

2006        Aug 3, Ukrainian Pres. Viktor Yushchenko nominated former foe Viktor Yanukovych for prime minister after Yanukovych signed a memorandum on national unity.
    (SFC, 8/3/06, p.A3)

2006        Aug 4, The Ukraine Parliament named Viktor Yanukovych prime minister. His fraud-tainted 2004 presidential victory was turned back by the Orange Revolution.
    (AP, 8/4/06)

2006        Aug 22, A Russian passenger jet with at least 170 people aboard crashed in Ukraine after sending a distress signal. The Pulkovo airlines Tupolev 154, en route from the Russian Black Sea resort of Anapa to St. Petersburg, crashed near the Ukrainian city of Donetsk.
    (AP, 8/22/06)

2006        Sep 14, Ukraine’s pro-Russia premier suspended a bid to join NATO.
    (WSJ, 9/15/06, p.A1)

2006        Sep 20, In eastern Ukraine a methane blast ripped through a coal mine, killing 13 miners and injuring 36 others.
    (AP, 9/20/06)

2006        Oct 14, Ukrainian nationalist fighters who battled both Soviet and Nazi forces during World War II rallied in their country's capital, demanding the same financial and moral recognition as Red Army veterans.
    (AP, 10/14/06)

2006        Oct 18, In Kiev Steven Spielberg and Victor Pinchuk hosted the premiere of "Spell Your Name," a film by director Sergey Bukovsky on the Holocaust in Ukraine.
    (www.spielbergfilms.com/general/1098)

2006        Oct 19, Four ministers from President Viktor Yushchenko's Our Ukraine party resigned after the collapse of talks to create a broad ruling coalition in the ex-Soviet state.
    (AP, 10/19/06)

2006        Nov 14, In Ukraine Bohdan Datsko, director of a Christmas tree ornament factory, was shot to death in the western city of Lviv in what authorities said was the second attack on an executive there in less than a month.
    (AP, 11/14/06)

2006        Nov 28, The Ukraine Parliament adopted a bill recognizing the Soviet-era forced famine as an act of genocide against the Ukrainian people.
    (AP, 11/28/06)

2006        Dec 1, Ukraine lawmakers fired the foreign minister and interior minister, setting the stage for a legal battle between the president and the premier.
    (AP, 12/1/06)

2006        Dec 22, In Ukraine Russia’s Pres. Putin and Pres. Yushchenko oversaw the signing of numerous bilateral accords. Putin assured his Ukrainian counterpart that Moscow wants good relations, in a meeting that both leaders presented as a break from the strained relationship of the past.
    (AP, 12/22/06)

2006        Askold Krushelnycky authored “An Orange Revolution: A Personal Journey Through Ukrainian History.”
    (Econ, 5/6/06, p.84)
2006        Anders Aslund and Michael McFaul edited “Revolution in Orange: The Origins of Ukraine’s Democratic Breakthrough.”
    (Econ, 5/6/06, p.84)

2007        Jan 17, Yevgeny Kushnaryov (55), described as "the right-hand man" to Ukraine's pro-Russian PM, Viktor Yanukovych, died from his wounds one day after being shot by one of his hunting companions.
    (www.alertnet.org/thenews/pictures/MOS11.htm)

2007        Jan 18, Borys Tarasyuk, Ukraine's foreign minister, accused the Cabinet of PM Yanukovych of cutting off funds to his ministry, leaving it unable to pay its employees or contribute dues to international organizations.
    (AP, 1/19/07)

2007        Jan 25, Ukraine’s PM Yanukovych said that he is working to completed a pipeline to carry Caspian-region oil directly to the EU.
    (WSJ, 1/27/06, p.A4)

2007        Jan 30, Borys Tarasyuk, Ukraine's pro-Western foreign minister, resigned saying a monthlong struggle between him and the government dominated by a Russia-leaning party risked damaging the country's international reputation.
    (AP, 1/30/07)

2007        Mar 27, In Kiev, Ukraine, a Russian businessman allied with Ukraine's president was killed by a sniper as he was escorted from a courthouse during a break in his extortion trial.
    (AP, 3/28/07)

2007        Apr 2, Ukraine’s president called early elections for May 27 amid a standoff with the pro-Russian premier, who vowed to fight what he called a coup.
    (WSJ, 4/3/07, p.A1)

2007        Apr 3, Thousands of Ukrainian protesters streamed into the capital in the most serious confrontation between the prime minister and the president since the two men faced off during the Orange Revolution.
    (AP, 4/3/07)

2007        Apr 4, Thousands of supporters of Ukraine's Russian-leaning prime minister marched to the office of the pro-Western president, protesting a presidential order to hold early elections.
    (AP, 4/4/07)

2007        Apr 7, Thousands of supporters of Ukrainian PM Viktor Yanukovych rallied for a fifth day in the streets of Kiev, calling for stability amid a political crisis over the president's dissolution of parliament.
    (AP, 4/7/07)

2007        Apr 14, The Egyptian state news agency MENA said that Neo-Nazis had attacked an Egyptian diplomat in the Ukrainian capital Kiev. The Ukrainian government has said it deeply regrets the incident.
    (Reuters, 4/14/07)

2007        Apr 17, Egypt launched EgyptSat 1, its first remote sounding satellite, from Baikonur Cosmodrome. The spacecraft was jointly developed by Egypt's National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences and the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau in Ukraine. Israeli officials suspected it to be a spy satellite. In 2010 ground-controllers lost it.
    (http://claudelafleur.qc.ca/Spacecrafts-2007.html)(Econ, 10/30/10, p.50)

2007        Apr 25, Ukraine’s President Viktor Yushchenko pushed back the date of snap parliamentary elections until June 24. The move was seen as a conciliatory gesture as the Constitutional Court began deliberations on the legality of his decree dissolving parliament.
    (AP, 4/25/07)

2007        May 4, Ukraine's president and prime minister reached agreement on holding early parliamentary elections in a bid to end a political standoff between the rival leaders.
    (AP, 5/4/07)

2007        May 7, A large explosion in Ukraine knocked out of service one of the main pipelines which carries Siberian gas through Ukraine to Germany and other EU clients. Shifting soil led to a break in the pipeline.
    (AP, 5/7/07)(AP, 5/8/07)

2007        May 17, In Ukraine Petro Balabuyev (75), a lead designer of the world's largest aircraft, the An-225, died.
    (AP, 5/17/07)

2007        May 26, In Ukraine several thousand interior troops streamed to Kiev, strengthening President Viktor Yushchenko's hand in a bitter dispute with the nation's prime minister that stoked up fears of violence.
    (AP, 5/26/07)

2007        May 27, Ukraine's feuding president and prime minister agreed to hold an early parliamentary election on Sept. 30, defusing a crisis that threatened to escalate into violence when the president sent troops streaming toward the capital.
    (AP, 5/27/07)

2007        Jun 7, PepsiCo Inc., the nation's second biggest soft drink company, and an affiliated Midwest-based beverage bottler said they will pay $542 million for an 80% stake in Sandora LLC, a Ukraine-based juice company.
    (AP, 6/7/07)

2007        Jun 19, It was reported that political troubles in the Ukraine were being aggravated by soaring bread prices as the worst drought in a century hit the region.
    (WSJ, 6/19/07, p.A1)

2007        Jun 28, The European Commission said all Indonesian airlines and several from Russia, Ukraine and Angola will be banned from flying to the EU due to safety concerns.
    (AP, 6/28/07)

2007        Jul 17, In western Ukraine a train carrying yellow phosphorus derailed, releasing a cloud of toxic gas into the air over 14 villages. 20 people were hospitalized and hundreds evacuated.
    (AP, 7/17/07)

2007        Jul 18, A Ukraine bus taking vacationers to the Black Sea overturned when its brakes failed, killing six people and injuring 46.
    (AP, 7/19/07)

2007        Jul 23, Israeli police said 9 Israelis suspected of trafficking in organs and humans have been arrested and remain in custody. The case was opened when an Israeli woman filed a police complaint charging that she was not paid after her kidney was removed in Ukraine.
    (AP, 7/23/07)

2007        Jul 26, Turkish police arrested Maksym Yastremskiy (24), a Ukrainian data-theft suspect. The US Secret Service had been investigating him since 2004. Losses to US individuals from identity theft thieves, online and offline, totaled $49 billion in 2006.
    (WSJ, 8/10/07, p.A6)

2007        Sep 17, Ukrainian officials signed a $505 million contract with a French-led consortium for construction of a new shelter for the Chernobyl reactor, the site of the word's worst nuclear accident.
    (AP, 9/17/07)

2007        Sep 30, Ukrainians began voting in an early parliamentary election meant to bring an end to a months-long political standoff between the nation's two feuding leaders. Victor Yushchenko’s party earned only about 16% of the parliamentary vote. PM Viktor Yanukovych, had about 30% of the vote. Yulia Tymoshenko’s bloc was leading with 33%.
    (AP, 9/30/07)(AP, 10/1/07)

2007        Oct 3, President Viktor Yushchenko ordered Ukraine's feuding parties to strike a deal on a post-election government, a move likely to aggravate a political deadlock that has stalled economic reforms. With more than 99% of the vote counted, Regions Party had 34.3% and its Communist Party ally 5.4. The Tymoshenko bloc had polled 30.8 and Our Ukraine 14.2%.
    (Reuters, 10/3/07)

2007        Oct 10, Ministers from Azerbaijan, Georgia, Lithuania, Poland and Ukraine signed a deal to build an oil pipeline linking the Black and Baltic seas.
    (WSJ, 10/11/07, p.A18)

2007        Oct 13, At least 15 people were killed in a natural gas blast that partly destroyed an apartment building in the eastern Ukrainian city of Dnipropetrovsk.
    (AFP, 10/13/07)(AP, 10/15/07)

2007        Nov 11, A severe storm broke the Volganeft-139, a small Russian oil tanker, in two in the Strait of Kerch, spilling at least 560,000 gallons of fuel into the strait between the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea. A Russian official said it was an "environmental disaster." 8 seamen were left missing. Two freighters nearby also sank under 18-foot waves in storm. As many as 10 ships sank or ran aground in the area.
    (AP, 11/11/07)(Reuters, 11/12/07)(SFC, 11/12/07, p.A15)

2007        Nov 18, A methane blast ripped through a coal mine in eastern Ukraine, killing 101 workers. In 2008 the head of an investigative commission said negligence by coal mine managers eager to ratchet up output led to a methane blast in Ukraine's deadliest mining disaster since the Soviet breakup.
    (AP, 11/18/07)(AP, 11/19/07)(AP, 1/25/08)

2007        Nov 23, Ukrainian PM Viktor Yanukovych submitted his resignation as a new parliament was sworn in and rival parties jostled to form a government after September elections.
    (AP, 11/23/07)

2007        Nov 28, Two Hungarians and a Ukrainian were arrested in eastern Slovakia and Hungary in an attempted sale of a kilo  (2.2 lbs) of uranium, material believed to be from the former Soviet Union. Police said it was enriched enough to be used in a radiological "dirty bomb."
    (AP, 11/29/07)

2007        Nov 29, Ukraine's two pro-Western parties forged a majority coalition in parliament, paving the way for forming a government.
    (AP, 11/29/07)

2007        Dec 2, In Ukraine 5 workers looking for the bodies of miners killed in the country’s worst mine explosion since the Soviet collapse were killed in a new explosion. A day earlier 44 people were injured in an explosion in the same section of the mine.
    (AP, 12/3/07)

2007        Dec 9, A charter aircraft flying from the Czech Republic crashed near Kiev airport in Ukraine killing at least 5 people.
    (AFP, 12/9/07)

2007        Dec 11, Ukraine's parliament narrowly rejected the candidacy of Orange Revolution leader Yulia Tymoshenko for prime minister, but was expected to hold a further vote.
    (AFP, 12/11/07)

2007        Dec 18, Ukraine's pro-Western coalition appointed Orange Revolution leader Yulia Tymoshenko prime minister and named a government that favors the ex-Soviet republic winning NATO and EU membership.
    (AP, 12/18/07)

2007        Dec 30, Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko signed off on Ukraine's 2008 budget, which he hailed as proof that the country's razor-tight parliamentary majority was functioning effectively.
    (AP, 12/30/07)

2007        Ukraine’s population numbered about 48 million. This included some 8 million ethnic Russians.
    (Econ, 7/7/07, p.51)(Econ, 9/13/08, p.16)

2008        Jan 25, A World Trade Organization (WTO) accession committee approved Ukraine's membership bid, clearing the way for the former Soviet republic to join the body.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 25, Russia's lower house of parliament annulled an agreement with Ukraine on using Soviet-built military radars, citing Kiev's bid to join NATO.
    (AP, 1/25/08)

2008        Feb 6, Ukraine's main opposition party vowed to continue its blockade of parliament, a day after fist fights and protests over NATO membership caused the president to cancel his state of the nation speech.
    (AP, 2/6/08)

2008        Feb 12, Russia agreed to eliminate a murky middleman company from its gas trade with Ukraine in exchange for 50% share of Ukraine’s domestic gas market.
    (WSJ, 2/13/08, p.A5)

2008        Mar 3, Russia quelled protests in Moscow following the elections and reduced natural gas supplies to Ukraine over $600 million in alleged nonpayments for past deliveries.
    (WSJ, 3/4/08, p.A1)

2008        Mar 4, Ukraine's natural gas company warned that if Russia further cuts its gas supplies, it could begin diverting shipments intended for western Europe.
    (AP, 3/4/08)

2008        Mar 5, Russia's state gas monopoly announced that it was ending a reduction in natural gas supplies to Ukraine after the two countries' presidents and gas company chiefs reached an agreement aimed at ending a debt and contract dispute.
    (AP, 3/5/08)

2008        Mar 22, Eighteen Ukrainian sailors were missing after their tug boat sank off the Hong Kong coast following a collision with a cargo ship. 7 people were rescued. On Dec 13, 2010, a Hong Kong court convicted four seamen over the deaths of the 18 Ukrainian sailors.
    (Reuters, 3/23/08)(AFP, 1/13/10)

2008        Mar 27, A helicopter belonging to Ukraine's border guards crashed off an island in the Black Sea. One officer was rescued and 12 were missing.
    (Reuters, 3/27/08)

2008        Apr 1, In Ukraine President Bush said he is putting his full weight behind the desire by Ukraine and Georgia to join NATO even though Russia is opposed and the alliance is split.
    (AP, 4/1/08)

2008        Apr 3, President Bush won NATO's endorsement for his plan to build a missile defense system in Europe over Russian objections. The proposal also advanced with Czech officials announcing an agreement to install a missile tracking site for the system in their country. NATO decided not to put Georgia and Ukraine on track to join the alliance after vehement Russian opposition, but the alliance pledged that the strategically important Black Sea nations will become members one day.
    (AP, 4/3/08)

2008        Apr 28, A Ukrainian helicopter crashed onto an offshore drilling platform in the Black Sea, killing all 20 people on board.
    (Reuters, 4/28/08)

2008        May 21, Ukraine moved to strengthen its currency, the hryvnia, by revising its peg to the dollar form 5.05 hryvnia per dollar to 4.85.
    (WSJ, 5/22/08, p.C14)

2008        Jun 6, Russia's new Pres. Medvedev met with leaders of a fractious alliance of ex-Soviet republics, warning Ukraine and Georgia not to lead their countries into NATO.
    (AP, 6/6/08)

2008        Jun 8, In eastern Ukraine a powerful explosion tore through a mine, trapping at least 37 miners who had been making repairs to improve safety conditions in the mine. 23 miners were rescued on June 9.
    (AP, 6/8/08)(Reuters, 6/9/08)

2008        Jul 27, Floods in western Ukraine killed 22 people, including 4 children, and 5 in neighboring Romania after 5 days of nonstop rain. A senior government official described them as the worst in a century. Heavy rain in the southwestern Carpathian Mountains caused the Prut and Dniestr rivers to overflow. The flooding affected more than 40,000 houses and led to the evacuation of some 20,000 people.
    (Reuters, 7/27/08)(AP, 7/28/08)

2008        Jul, In the Ukraine a 16th-century Caravaggio painting, "The Taking of Christ, or the Kiss of Judas," was stolen from the Museum of Western and Eastern Art in Odessa. It was valued at several million euros. In 2010 Berlin recovered the painting and arrested four members of an international gang of art thieves as they tried to sell it to an interested buyer.
    (AP, 6/28/10)

2008        Aug 5, The UN said heavy rains and storms have led to some of the worst floods in 40 years in parts of Ukraine, Moldova and Romania since July 22, causing great damage to homes, infrastructure and farmland. In Ukraine, 34 people have been killed in the west of the country along the Dnestr and Prut rivers; in Moldova, three people are reported to have drowned in the capital Chisinau; in Romania five people have been killed.
    (AFP, 8/5/08)

2008        Sep 2, Ukraine lawmakers loyal to PM Yulia Tymoshenko sided with opposition parties to pass a law weakening presidential powers and boosting those of the prime minister.
    (AP, 9/3/08)

2008        Sep 3, Ukraine's Pres. Yushchenko ordered the creation of a new governing coalition and threatened fresh elections, accusing his rival prime minister and opposition parties of attempting a "constitutional coup."
    (AP, 9/3/08)

2008        Sep 5, In Kiev US Vice President Dick Cheney pledged US support for Ukraine following last month's war between neighboring Russia and Georgia.
    (AP, 9/5/08)

2008        Sep 9, The 27-member EU stopped short of offering Ukraine membership during an EU-Ukraine summit hosted by French President Nicolas Sarkozy. But the two sides began work on an "association accord," a step that offers closer political and economic ties and in the past has been designed to prepare nations for eventual membership.
    (AP, 9/10/08)

2008        Sep 16, Ukraine's pro-Western coalition collapsed, paving the way for complicated coalition talks or yet another early parliamentary election.
    (AP, 9/16/08)

2008        Sep 17, Ukrainian PM Yulia Tymoshenko said she would not resign as required following the collapse of the country's ruling pro-Western coalition.
    (AFP, 9/17/08)

2008        Sep 25, Pirates seized the 530-foot, Ukrainian cargo vessel, MV Faina, with 21 people aboard off eastern Somalia. Russia's navy soon sent a warship to Somalia's coast a day after pirates seized the Ukrainian vessel loaded with 33 tanks, ammunition and 3 Russian crew members. The ITAR-Tass news agency said the military equipment had been sold to Kenya. It was later reported that the arms were destined for southern Sudan and that Kenya’s cooperation would be rewarded in the future with cheap oil. The shipped was released on Feb 5, 2009, following a ransom of $3.2 million. Viktor Pinchuk, A top Ukrainian businessman, paid the "lion's share" of the ransom.
    (AP, 9/26/08)(SFC, 9/27/08, p.A5)(Econ, 10/4/08, p.49)(AP, 2/5/09)(AP, 3/3/09)

2008        Sep 27, A Ukrainian ship, sailing under a North Korean flag, sank in the Black Sea and all crew members were missing. the 5,000-ton Tolstoy was carrying a cargo of scrap metal to the Turkish port of Nemrut.
    (AP, 9/27/08)

2008        Sep 29, US warships and helicopters surrounded a hijacked cargo ship loaded with Sudan-bound tanks and other arms to keep the weapons from falling "into the wrong hands." The shipment of 33 Russian-designed tanks, rifles and ammunition on the Ukrainian-operated Faina was headed for Sudan, not Kenya as previously claimed by Kenyan officials. Somali pirates demanded a $20 million ransom.
    (AP, 9/29/08)(SFC, 9/29/08, p.A12)

2008        Oct 9, Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko called early general elections after dissolving parliament when parties failed to resurrect a ruling pro-Western coalition in the former Soviet state.
    (AFP, 10/9/08)

2008        Oct 10, Ukraine's PM Yulia Tymoshenko said there will be no early parliamentary elections, defying a presidential decree and raising the stakes in her fierce political battle with the president. She said Ukraine has no money for an early election and predicted that parliament will not pass the necessary legislation.
    (AP, 10/10/08)

2008        Oct 15, The IMF said Ukrainian authorities have asked the International Monetary Fund for help in stemming a financial crisis in the country. The government took emergency measures to rescue banks and stabilize the national currency, the hryvna, after worried depositors withdrew more than US$1 billion from their accounts this month.
    (AP, 10/15/08)

2008        Oct 22, Russia's foreign minister said Moscow wants to negotiate an extension of its lease at Ukraine's Black Sea port of Sevastopol. The move would keep Russia's Black Sea Fleet in the port where it has been stationed for centuries.
    (AP, 10/22/08)

2008        Oct 23, The Ukrainian currency plunged against the dollar as people raced to exchange booths to convert their savings into US currency. Ukraine's Foreign Ministry said in a statement that the Russia’s desire to extend its port lease at Sevastopol "cannot be a subject of discussion." It said that Russian ships will have to leave Ukrainian waters in 2017.
    (AP, 10/23/08)

2008        Oct 26, The IMF said it has reached a tentative agreement to provide Ukraine with $16.5 billion in loans over the next 2 years to help the country out of financial turmoil.
    (SFC, 10/27/08, p.D1)

2008        Nov 5, Libya's Moamer Kadhafi met with Ukrainian Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko in his traditional Bedouin tent during a visit to Kiev expected to focus on energy and military cooperation.
    (AFP, 11/6/08)

2008        Dec 9, Ukraine lawmakers forged a 3-party coalition ending months of deadlock. It put back together the fractured alliance of Pres. Yuschenko and rival PM Tymoshenko along with another smaller party.
    (SFC, 12/10/08, p.A4)

2008        Dec 24, Russian energy giant Gazprom threatened to cut gas deliveries to Ukraine on January 1 if a new contract is not signed by then for 2009 but pledged to honor its supply obligations to Europe.
    (AFP, 12/24/08)
2008        Dec 24, In southern Ukraine an apartment building was destroyed in a nighttime explosion that killed 27 people in the Crimea peninsula resort of Yevpatoria. The explosion was likely caused by a leak from oxygen canisters in the building's basement.
    (AP, 12/25/08)(AFP, 12/26/08)

2008        Dec 30, The Ukrainian government issued a decree saying two state banks would lend state energy company Naftogaz Ukrainy up to $2 billion to pay its arrears to Russia’s Gazprom. Disagreements remained on future gas costs.
    (WSJ, 12/31/08, p.A5)

2008        Kiev university students established Femen, a group whose main aims are to improve the role of women in Ukraine's male-dominated, post-Soviet society. By 2010 it had become a small army of 300 mainly student activists ready to peel off in public to support Ukrainian women's rights.
    (Reuters, 11/15/10)

2009        Jan 1, Russia cut off the gas to Ukraine after a contract dispute but increased supplies to other European states to try to reassure customers worried about possible disruption.
    (Reuters, 1/1/09)

2009        Jan 2, Ukraine sought support in European capitals a day after Russia cut off gas supplies and hardened its stance on prices. The cutoff came after Ukraine made a $1.5 billion overdue payment, but Russia demanded another $600 million, including $450 million penalties for the late payment for gas shipped in November and December. The two sides also have not agreed on prices for 2009. Russia accused Ukraine of stealing gas destined for the rest of Europe.
    (AP, 1/2/09)(Reuters, 1/2/09)

2009        Jan 3, Russian gas flows to four European Union countries fell normal levels after Moscow cut off supplies to Ukraine in a pricing row with no talks in sight to resolve the dispute. Bulgaria's Bulgargaz joined energy firms in Poland, Romania and Hungary in saying they had noted falls in supply.
    (Reuters, 1/3/09)

2009        Jan 4, Russia asked the EU to provide monitoring of Ukraine's gas transit system and charged Ukraine was stealing gas bound for Europe, as Kiev leveled its own charges. Gazprom CEO Alexei Miller said that the state-controlled company wanted $450 per 1,000 cubic meters, up from its last offer of $418. The reductions in gas supplies spread to the Czech Republic and Turkey.
    (AP, 1/4/09)(Reuters, 1/4/09)

2009        Jan 6, A natural gas crisis loomed over Europe, as a contract dispute between Russia and Ukraine shut off Russian gas supplies to six countries and reduced gas deliveries to several others. Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Croatia and Turkey all reported a halt in gas shipments.
    (AP, 1/6/09)

2009        Jan 7, The EU said Russia and Ukraine will accept using international monitors to verify the transit of natural gas from Russia through Ukraine's pipelines. Russia's gas giant Gazprom completely stopped sending gas to European consumers at 7:44 a.m. (0544 GMT). 80% of Russian gas shipped via Ukraine.
    (AP, 1/7/09)

2009        Jan 8, Russia's state-controlled gas monopoly said it would restore supplies to Europe through Ukraine, cut off after a dispute between Moscow and Kiev, as soon as international monitors are in place.
    (Reuters, 1/8/09)

2009        Jan 10, Russia and the EU took a step toward securing the resumption of gas flows to Europe when the two signed a deal on monitoring the supplies through Ukraine. PM Vladimir Putin said Russia will restart gas supplies to Europe once an EU-led monitoring mission begins to track gas transit via Ukraine.
    (AP, 1/10/09)(Reuters, 1/10/09)

2009        Jan 11, Russia, Ukraine, and the EU struck an agreement to try to resume Russian supplies through Ukraine to Europe. President Dmitry Medvedev said energy giant Gazprom would only resume gas supplies once Russia had a copy of the document signed by Ukraine and once the various teams of international observers were in place. The text of the accord calls for the EU, Russia and Ukraine to each provide 25 experts to "carry out checks on the basis of equal parity both on Ukrainian and Russian territory.
    (Reuters, 1/11/09)(AFP, 1/11/09)

2009        Jan 12, Russia's state-run monopoly Gazprom announced it will resume shipping natural gas to Europe, where tens of thousands of homes and buildings have been left without heat in freezing weather.
    (AP, 1/12/09)

2009        Jan 13, Russia and Ukraine hotly blamed each other as Russia restarted natural gas supplies but little or no gas flowed toward Europe. EU officials watched in dismay and criticized both nations for their intransigence.
    (AP, 1/13/09)

2009        Jan 14, Russia and Ukraine wrangled over gas supplies again. Bulgaria and Slovakia, cut off by the row for a freezing week, launched missions to plead for Russian gas flow to be restored.
    (Reuters, 1/14/09)

2009        Jan 15, Ukraine rejected Russia's latest request to pipe natural gas westward to increasingly frustrated EU consumers, deepening the bitter economic and political dispute that has paralyzed energy shipments to Europe.
    (AP, 1/15/09)

2009        Jan 17, Russia and Ukraine held gas crisis talks in Moscow that the European Union said were the "last and best chance" to resolve the row that has left Europe struggling without key gas supplies.
    (AFP, 1/17/09)

2009        Jan 18, Russia and Ukraine announced a deal to end the bitter dispute that has blocked Russian natural gas from Europe following talks between Russian PM Vladimir Putin and his Ukrainian counterpart Yulia Tymoshenko. Under the terms, Ukraine will pay 20 percent less than the European "market price" price for gas this year, which Russia says is $450 per 1,000 cubic meters. That's more than twice as much as the $179.50 Ukraine paid in 2008.
    (AP, 1/18/09)

2009        Jan 19, Russia and Ukraine signed a deal that restores natural gas shipments to Ukraine and paves the way for an end to the nearly two-week cutoff of most Russian gas to a freezing Europe.
    (AP, 1/19/09)

2009        Jan 20, Russian gas reached Europe via Ukraine for the first time in two weeks after Moscow and Kiev ended a contract row that cut supplies to about 20 European countries.
    (Reuters, 1/20/09)

2009        Feb 5, Somali pirates said that they were freeing, a Ukrainian ship carrying tanks and other heavy weapons after receiving a $3.2 million ransom. The MV Faina was seized last September 25. The Kenyan government claimed to the cargo, which included 33 Soviet-designed battle tanks.
    (AP, 2/5/09)

2009        Feb 20, In Egypt 5 crew members died when a Ukrainian cargo plane crashed during takeoff, burst into flames and slid down the runway in the city of Luxor.
    (AP, 2/20/09)

2009        Feb 25, Standard and Poor's said on it had cut Ukraine's credit ratings to a level indicating vulnerability to default, amid worries over whether Kiev will receive the next slice of a vital IMF loan.
    (AP, 2/25/09)
2009        Feb 25, Russia issued a DVD and a thick book of historical documents to dispute claims that the Ukrainian famine of the 1930s amounted to genocide. It was argued that the Stalin-era famine was a common tragedy across Soviet farmlands.
    (SFC, 2/26/09, p.A2)

2009        Mar 4, Ukrainian masked and armed security agents searched the headquarters of Naftogaz, Ukraine's natural gas company, in a raid that the firm said threatened a deal with Russia over the shipment of gas supplies to Europe. The raid was said to be connected to a criminal investigation launched this week into the alleged diversion of some 7.4 billion hryvna ($900 million) in Russian gas by officials at Naftogaz.
    (AP, 3/4/09)

2009        Mar 5, Ukraine’s Naftogaz paid its February bill for Russian gas just hours after Pres. Putin said Russia would halt supplies if Ukraine failed to meet a March 7 deadline.
    (WSJ, 3/6/09, p.A10)

2009        Apr 14, Ukrainian officials said security agents have arrested a regional lawmaker and two companions for trying to sell a radioactive substance that could be used in making a dirty bomb. The legislator in the western Ternopyl region and two local businessmen were detained last week for trying to sell 8.2 pounds (3.7 kilograms) of radioactive material to an undercover agent of the security service.
    (AP, 4/14/09)

2009        May 7, The European Union extended its hand to former Soviet republics, holding a summit to draw them closer into the EU orbit despite Russia's deep misgivings. Presidents, premiers and their deputies from 33 nations signed an agreement meant to extend the EU's political and economic ties. The six ex-Soviet republics to whom the partnership would apply are Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine.
    (AP, 5/7/09)

2009        May 7, In eastern Ukraine 9 people were killed in an explosion at a gambling hall in Dnipropetrovsk.
    (AP, 5/7/09)

2009        May 22, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev challenged EU leaders meeting at a summit in Khabarovsk to help Ukraine pay its gas bills in order to prevent disruption of Russian supplies to Europe.
    (Reuters, 5/22/09)

2009        May 26, Libya and Ukraine signed deals to cooperate in both peaceful civilian nuclear energy and in defense during a visit by Ukrainian PM Yulia Tymoshenko.
    (AP, 5/27/09)

2009        Jun 7, Ukrainian PM Yulia Tymoshenko said that talks with the main opposition party on forming a coalition have collapsed, indicating a continuation of the turmoil that has plagued the country's politics and hobbled its response to the severe economic crisis.
    (AP, 6/7/09)

2009        Jun 17, In Nigeria a Ukrainian plane made an emergency landing due to technical problems in the northern city of Kano. Eighteen crates of mines and ammunition, destined for Equatorial Guinea, were found aboard the aircraft. The crew and a Nigerian collaborator were detained and soon transferred to Abuja for questioning.
    (AFP, 6/22/09)

2009        Jun 21, Ukrainian border guards seized 250 turtles being smuggled into the country on a train from Uzbekistan, where they had been hidden and strapped down with tape to prevent them from moving.
    (AFP, 6/22/09)

2009        Jul 14, In Afghanistan a NATO-contracted helicopter was shot down killing six Ukrainian crew members on board and an Afghan child on the ground in Helmand province. A roadside bomb killed one Italian soldier and wounded three others in western Afghanistan. Another roadside blast hit a civilian vehicle in Uruzgan province, killing three people and wounded six others. US coalition and Afghan forces searched compounds in Kandahar and found bomb-making materials, mortar rounds, AK-47 rifles, rocket-propelled grenades and 100 pounds (45 kilograms) of opium.
    (AP, 7/14/09)(SFC, 7/15/09, p.A2)(AP, 7/26/09)

2009        Jul 27, The leader of the Russian Orthodox Church, Patriarch Kirill, led solemn prayers in Kiev on the first day of 10-day visit aimed at reasserting Moscow's dominance over church leaders in Ukraine.
    (AP, 7/27/09)

2009        Sep 1, Ukrainian PM Yulia Tymoshenko said Russia and Ukraine have resolved a long standing dispute over natural gas supplies, after meeting her Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin at a resort on the Baltic coast in northern Poland.
    (Reuters, 9/1/09)

2009        Oct 31, The Ukrainian government ordered schools nationwide to close for 3 weeks due to swine flu, which has left 33 people dead. Public gatherings were also banned and restrictions on travel were imposed to stop the spread of the virus.
    (SSFC, 11/1/09, p.A6)

2009        Nov 18, A San Francisco federal judge reduced the 9-year sentence of Pavel Lazarenko (56), a former prime minister of Ukraine (1996-1997), by 11 months. The judge also imposed a $9 million fine and nearly $26 million in forfeitures to the US government, including the value of his sold Novato mansion. Lazarenko was sentenced in 2006 for money laundering and other charges. He was said to have amassed a $250 million fortune in extortions following Ukraine’s independence in 1992.
    (SFC, 11/17/09, p.C2)

2010        Jan 17, Ukrainians voted in presidential elections. Voters in the first round gave opposition leader Viktor Yanukovych, the 2004 Orange Revolution's chief target, a 35.4% to 25% lead over Orange heroine and PM Yulia Tymoshenko. Analysts said Yanukovych's lead, with 97.7% of votes counted, is misleading, because Tymoshenko is likely to pick up most of the votes of 16 also-rans in a Feb 7 runoff. Almost 67% of eligible voters cast ballots.
    (Reuters, 1/17/10)(AP, 1/18/10)

2010        Jan 18, Ukrainian PM Yulia Tymoshenko rushed to the east of the country after an explosion in a hospital killed seven people.
    (Reuters, 1/18/10)

2010        Feb 3, Ukraine's security service said 5 Russian FSB agents were detained last month after being caught trying to obtain confidential military information from a Ukrainian citizen. The FSB said the Ukrainian citizen its agents were working with had himself been apprehended in November while allegedly spying on neighboring Moldova's Moscow-backed breakaway Trans-Dniester republic.
    (AP, 2/3/10)

2010        Feb 7, Ukrainians voted between two presidential candidates in a run-off between PM Yulia Tymoshenko and opposition leader Viktor Yanukovich which could push the country into a fresh bout of instability. Yanukovich ended with 48.95% to Tymoshenko's 45.47%, a lead of 3.48 percentage points or some 888,000 votes.
    (Reuters, 2/7/10)(AP, 2/10/10)

2010        Feb 8, International monitors hailed Ukraine's presidential election as "professional, transparent and honest," increasing pressure on PM Yulia Tymoshenko to concede to opposition leader Viktor Yanukovych, who held a 2.7% point lead with all but 1.7% of the ballots cast counted.
    (AP, 2/8/10)

2010        Feb 10, Ukrainian opposition leader Viktor Yanukovich called on defeated rival Yulia Tymoshenko to resign as prime minister, turning up the pressure even as her camp contested the result of the Feb 7 presidential election.
    (Reuters, 2/10/10)

2010        Feb 14, Ukraine's election commission proclaimed pro-Russian Victor Yanukovych the official winner of the presidential poll, even as his rival Yulia Tymoshenko vowed to contest the results in court.
    (AFP, 2/14/10)

2010        Feb 20, Ukrainian PM Yulia Tymoshenko dropped her legal challenge to her rival's presidential election victory, saying she had lost faith in the country's courts.
    (AFP, 2/20/10)

2010        Feb 24, Ukrainian PM Yulia Tymoshenko challenged her opponents to oust her in a no-confidence vote, aiming to show they don't have enough votes to do so.
    (AP, 2/24/10)

2010        Mar 1, Ukraine’s Pres. Viktor Yanukovych visited Brussels saying "Our priorities will include integration into the European Union, bringing up constructive relations with the Russian Federation, and developing friendly relations with strategic partners such as the United States."
    (AP, 3/1/10)

2010        Mar 2, In Ukraine PM Yulia Tymoshenko's pro-Western "Orange" coalition dissolved, losing its majority in parliament and paving the way for the new president to consolidate his power.
    (AP, 3/2/10)

2010        Mar 3, The Ukrainian parliament ousted the government of PM Yulia Tymoshenko in a no-confidence vote, dealing a final blow to the leadership of the pro-Western Orange Revolution and leaving her to lead the opposition in parliament. The no-confidence resolution passed with 243 votes in the 450-seat chamber.
    (AP, 3/3/10)

2010        Mar 11, Ukrainian lawmakers formed a new majority coalition around President Viktor Yanukovych. Before forming the new governing coalition, Yanukovych signed a new law allowing individual deputies to break away from their parliamentary factions, which allowed his coalition to eventually control 235 of the chamber's 450 seats. Mykola Azarov, who served as Yanukovych's campaign strategist in this year's presidential elections, was chosen as premier.
    (AP, 3/11/10)

2010        Apr 21, The presidents of Ukraine and Russia agreed to extend the stay of Russia's Black Sea Fleet in the Ukrainian port of Sevastopol to 2042 after the existing lease expires in 2017. Russian President Dmitry Medvedev said that Kiev will receive large discounts on gas shipments in return for certainty over the base's future, $100 for every 1,000 cubic meters of gas or 30 percent if the benchmark price falls below $330.
    (AP, 4/21/10)(SFC, 4/22/10, p.A2)

2010        Apr 24, Ukraine's political opposition sought to rally people against a decision by President Viktor Yanukovich to allow the Russian navy to stay in Ukraine's Crimea until 2042.
    (Reuters, 4/24/10)

2010        Apr 27, Ukraine's parliament erupted into chaos as deputies scuffled and hurled smoke bombs during a tumultuous session that ratified a bitterly contested deal with Russia extending a naval base lease.
    (AFP, 4/27/10)

2010        May 5, Ukraine Communists unveiled a monument to Soviet dictator Josef Stalin in front of the party's office in the city of Zaporizhya., sparking the anger of Ukrainian nationalists.
    (AP, 5/5/10)

2010        May 17, Russian Pres. Medvedev visited Kiev, Ukraine, and oversaw the signing of several cooperation deals with the new Moscow-friendly leadership of Pres. Viktor Yanukovych.
    (SFC, 5/18/10, p.A2)

2010        Jun 1, Ukraine's new president, accused by opponents of moving the country into Moscow's orbit, outlined a foreign policy bill that ditches his predecessor's aim to join NATO but keeps EU membership as a long-term goal.
    (AP, 6/1/10)

2010        Jun 3, Ukraine's Parliament, prodded by pro-Russia President Viktor Yanukovych, approved a bill that cements the country's neutrality and prevents it from joining NATO.
    (AP, 6/3/10)

2010        Aug 20, Ukraine President Viktor Yanukovych said he is taking control of the case of Vasyl Klymentyev, an investigative reporter who has been missing for a week. Klymentyev reportedly was threatened after refusing to accept a bribe to halt publication of a story about a regional prosecutor accused of accepting bribes to close criminal cases.
    (AP, 8/20/10)

2010        Sep, The FBI and its counterparts in Ukraine, the Netherlands and Britain took down a cyber-theft ring they first got wind of in May 2009 when a financial services firm tipped the bureau's Omaha, Neb., office to suspicious transactions. Since then, the FBI's Operation Trident Breach has uncovered losses of $14 million and counting.
    (AP, 11/22/10)

2010        Oct 1, Ukraine's Constitutional Court shifted key powers from parliament to the presidency, a move that boosted the influence of pro-Russian President Viktor Yanukovych, but also threw the country into legal uncertainty.
    (AP, 10/1/10)

2010        Oct 6, Local media reported that Ukraine has adopted a dress code for government workers. The code called on men working at the Cabinet of Ministers to wear mostly gray and dark blue suits and not wear the same suit to work two days in a row. Women were asked to stick to business suits and low-heeled shoes, as well as refrain from excessive makeup and jewelry.
    (AP, 10/6/10)

2010        Oct 12, In eastern Ukraine a train crashed into a crowded bus, killing 43 people on the bus, including two children, and injuring nearly a dozen others. PM Mykola Azarov ordered his government to pay the family of each of the dead victims 100,000 hryvna ($12,600). He also instructed transport officials to install automated crossing gates at all the nation's railway crossings to prevent cars, buses and trucks from ignoring the siren.
    (AP, 10/12/10)(SFC, 10/13/10, p.A2)

2010        Oct 13, In the Ukraine for the second time in two days, a vehicle ignored a warning light at a railroad crossing and was hit by a train in a fatal accident killing 2 people.
    (AP, 10/14/10)

2010        Oct 31, Ukraine voted for local councils and mayors in an election which should provide the first real clues to Pres. Yanukovich's standing at home since his election last February. Exit polls said Yanukovych’s swept elections to regional councils throughout the country.
    (Reuters, 10/31/10)(AP, 11/1/10)

2010        Dec 16, A fierce fight in Ukraine's parliament sent at least six lawmakers to the hospital with concussions, a fractured jaw and multiple bruises, setting a new low for the often-tumultuous body. Pro-Tymoshenko legislators had been blocking legislative work all day, protesting a corruption probe against her.
    (AP, 12/17/10)
2010        Dec 16, Human Rights Watch urged the EU to stop returning migrants and asylum seekers to Ukraine, saying that they faced abuse and torture in the former Soviet republic.
    (Reuters, 12/16/10)

2010        Dec 26, Ukraine's security service detained former interior minister Yuri Lutsenko, the latest move in a crackdown on the previous government since Pres. Yanukovich took power. The state prosecutor's office this month charged Lutsenko with abuse of office, saying he had embezzled state funds. He denied any wrongdoing and dismissed the charges as politically motivated.
    (Reuters, 12/26/10)

2011        Jan 27, Ukraine's state prosecutors office announced new criminal charges against former PM Yulia Tymoshenko over the alleged illegal purchase of 1,000 vehicles in the run-up to the 2010 presidential election.
    (Reuters, 1/27/11)

2011        Feb 19, Dirar Abu Sisi (42), a Palestinian engineer, went missing "under unknown circumstances" after boarding a train in the Ukraine city of Kharkiv bound for the capital Kiev. The UN refugee agency later confirmed his wife's fears that he is being held in prison by the Israeli secret service. Sisi's Ukrainian wife, Veronika (32), alleged the Israeli secret service Mossad carried out the abduction in order to sabotage a key electric power plant in the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip where he worked as a senior manager.
    (AP, 3/10/11)

2011        Mar 24, Former Ukraine Pres. Leonid Kuchma said he has been charged in the 2000 slaying of investigative reporter Heorhiy Gongadze.
    (SFC, 3/25/11, p.A2)

2011        May 4, Ukrainian prosecutors said they have opened a criminal investigation against the former head of the Kiev Zoo, where hundreds of animals have died or gone mysteriously missing in recent years. Svitlana Berzina was suspected of embezzling some $47,000 (euro32,000) from the zoo by commissioning projects that weren't fully carried out, if at all. Berzina was fired last year after nearly one-half of the zoo's animals either died or disappeared.
    (AP, 5/4/11)

2011        Jun 20, Chinese President Hu Jintao made a rare visit to Ukraine to sign a strategic partnership declaration as Beijing seeks to revive ties with the ex-Soviet state after years of neglect. Hu Jintao oversaw the signing of business deals worth $3.5 billion.
    (AFP, 6/20/11)(AP, 6/20/11)

2011        Jun 24, Ukraine's former prime minister Yulia Tymoshenko went on trial on charges of abuse of office, insisting during a chaotic hearing that the case is a plot by the nation's president to keep her out of politics.
    (AP, 6/24/11)

2011        Jul 2, In Germany Wladimir Klitschko of the Ukraine became the undisputed world heavyweight champion by beating Great Britain's David Haye on a unanimous points decision at Hamburg's football stadium.
    (AFP, 7/2/11)

2011        Jul 10,  In western Ukraine a fire tore through a home for the elderly, killing 16 people in the village of Bile.
    (AP, 7/10/11)

2011        Jul 29, In eastern Ukraine a pre-dawn methane explosion at the notoriously dangerous Suhodilska-Eastern mine in the Luhansk region killed 20 workers. Hours later an elevator used to transport miners and equipment into and out of the Bazhanova mine in the eastern Donetsk region collapsed, killing 7 workers. 10 miners all told remained missing.
    (AP, 7/29/11)(AP, 7/30/11)

2011        Aug 5, Ukraine police arrested former PM Yulia Tymoshenko during her abuse-of-office trial for violations of court procedures.
    (SFC, 8/6/11, p.A2)

2011        Aug 24, In Ukraine over 5,000 opposition activists rallied on the 20th anniversary of Ukraine's independence from the Soviet Union, protesting the arrest of former PM Yulia Tymoshenko and demanding early elections.
    (AP, 8/24/11)

2011        Sep 1, Ukraine opened shale gas development to Western giants, assigning its first exploration contract to the Anglo-Dutch firm Shell in a deal worth up to $800 million (555 million euros).
    (AFP, 9/1/11)

2011        Sep 3, In Tajikistan leaders from eight former Soviet states (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan) gathered to celebrate enduring cooperation over the two decades since their nations collectively gained independence, but mutual acrimony and recriminations cast a shadow over the event.
    (AP, 9/3/11)

2011        Oct 11, Ukraine's former PM Yulia Tymoshenko (50) was sentenced to 7 years in prison on charges of abuse of office in signing a gas deal with Russia, a verdict immediately condemned by the European Union as politically motivated. The sentence also included a 3-year ban on public office and a fine of $190 million.
    (AP, 10/11/11)(Econ, 10/15/11, p.59)

2011        Oct 13, Ukraine's Pres. Viktor Yanukovych, facing harsh Western criticism, said that he backs legal reforms that could allow the release of imprisoned former PM Yulia Tymoshenko.
    (AP, 10/13/11)

2011        Dec 8, Kiev's Shevchenkivsky Court ordered former PM Ukraine Yulia Tymoshenko arrested as part of a probe into the activity of an energy company she headed 15 years ago.
    (AP, 12/9/11)

2011        Charles King authored “Odessa: Genius and Death in a City of Dreams.”
    (Econ, 2/26/11, p.90)

2012        Jan 6, The Czech Republic granted asylum to Oleksandr Tymoshenko, the husband of jailed former Ukrainian PM Yulia Tymoshenko. He requested asylum because a criminal investigation has been launched against him in Ukraine in an attempt to increase pressure on his jailed wife.
    (AP, 1/6/12)

2012        Jan 28, At Davos, Switzerland, 3 topless Ukrainian protesters were detained while trying to break into an invitation-only gathering of international CEOs and political leaders to call attention to the needs of the world's poor. Separately, demonstrators from the Occupy movement marched to the edge of the gathering.
    (AP, 1/28/12)

2012        Jan 31, Ukrainian authorities said that the number of people who died of hypothermia in recent days has reached 30 as the country grapples with an unusually severe cold spell. In all, at least 58 people have died from the cold in Europe over the last week.
    (AP, 1/31/12)
2012        Jan 31, The ship, Vera, with 10 Ukrainian and one Georgian crew, was sailing to Turkey's Aliaga port from Russia when it sank off the coast of Eregli in stormy waters. 8 of the crew were reported missing following the rescue of 3 people.
    (AP, 2/1/12)

2012        Feb 1, The death toll from a severe cold spell in Eastern Europe rose to 71, including 43 in the Ukraine, most of them homeless people.
    (AP, 2/1/12)

2012        Feb 3, Ukraine's government blamed Russia for natural gas shortages in some European countries as a severe cold spell grips the region. Germany, Italy and Austria have reported cutbacks in Russian gas supplies, but Russia's energy giant Gazprom has blamed them on Kiev, accusing Ukraine of siphoning off gas destined for European consumers.
    (AP, 2/3/12)
2012        Feb 3, The death toll from a severe cold spell in Eastern Europe rose to 222, including 101 in the Ukraine, 37 in Poland, 24 in Romania and 16 in Bulgaria.
    (AFP, 2/1/12)

2012        Feb 4, The Ukrainian Security Service detained a man sought by Russian authorities on charges of terrorism and two of his accomplices in Odessa. On Feb 27 the detainees were reported to be linked to an anti-Putin plot.
    (AP, 2/27/12)

2012        Feb 5, Bosnia used helicopters to evacuate people and deliver food to those stranded by heavy snowfall. The cold snap across Eastern Europe has left at least 280 people dead including 131 in Ukraine.
    (SFC, 2/6/12, p.A2)

2012        Feb 15, Authorities said more than 600 people in Eastern Europe have died during a record-breaking cold snap. Officials in the Czech Republic blamed two massive car pile-ups on blinding snow. Authorities in Russia said 205 people have died, while in Ukraine there have been 112 fatalities; in Poland, 107. Authorities said 7 people have died in Romania in the past 24 hours, bringing the total there to 86 deaths.
    (AP, 2/15/12)

2012        Mar 9, In Ukraine Oksana Makar (18) was invited by two young men, ages 21 and 23, to their friend's apartment, where the three men allegedly gang-raped her, tried to choke her to death, wrapped her in a sheet, took her to a construction site, dumped her in a pit and set her on fire. After surgery 55% of her skin was gone, her kidneys were completely burned, and one of her arms and both her feet had to be amputated. The suspects were arrested the next day, but two of them were released soon after. The two men who were released are the sons of former government officials.
    (AP, 3/18/12)

2012        Mar 9, In Ukraine Oksana Makar (18) was invited by two young men, ages 21 and 23, to their friend's apartment, where the three men allegedly gang-raped her, tried to choke her to death, wrapped her in a sheet, took her to a construction site, dumped her in a pit and set her on fire. After surgery 55% of her skin was gone, her kidneys were completely burned, and one of her arms and both her feet had to be amputated. The suspects were arrested the next day, but two of them were released soon after. The two men who were released are the sons of former government officials. On March 13 the two men were arrested, and all three suspects were charged with attempted murder. Makar died of her injuries on March 29. Murder was added to the rape chargers against the suspects.
    (http://tinyurl.com/798q68z)(AP, 3/29/12)

2012        Apr 6, A Russian-Ukrainian crew of 8 on board the 29-meter Scorpius yacht, that set sail in September on an historic expedition around the South and North Poles, went missing in the Antarctic.
    (AFP, 4/6/12)

2012        Apr 20, Jailed former Ukrainian PM Yulia Tymoshenko went on hunger strike after prison guards allegedly beat her. She had refused to be treated for a severe spinal condition at the Kharkiv clinic because she doesn't trust government-appointed doctors.
    (AP, 4/24/12)

2012        Apr 23, Ukraine's two biggest pro-Western opposition parties announced they will be joining forces in the fall parliamentary election in order to challenge Pres. Viktor Yanukovych's grip on power.
    (AP, 4/23/12)

2012        Apr 27, In Ukraine four blasts within minutes rocked the center of Dnipropetrovsk in what prosecutors believed was a terrorist attack. Nine children were among the 31 injured. The crime was investigated as a terrorist attack and 4 men were soon arrested.
    (AP, 4/27/12)(AFP, 4/28/12)(AP, 6/1/12)

2012        May 4, Ukraine's jailed and ailing ex-PM Yulia Tymoshenko tentatively agreed to have her back condition treated at a local hospital under the supervision of a German doctor.
    (AP, 5/4/12)

2012        May 21, A group of Ukrainians announced a project to provide free accommodation, translation and other services to foreign football fans attending next month's European Championship. UEFA President Michel Platini has called on the government to stop "bandits and crooks" from ripping off fans with exorbitant accommodation prices. Euro 2012, jointly held with Poland, begins June 8.
    (AP, 5/21/12)

2012        May 24, In Ukraine a melee in the parliament was sparked by a proposed bill to make Russian an official language in eastern regions of the country with large native Russian-speaking populations. Lawmakers grappled and threw punches. One was hospitalized with a head injury.
    (AP, 5/25/12)

2012        Jun 4, A Libyan military court handed stiff prison terms to 19 Ukrainians, three nationals from Belarus and two Russians accused of serving as mercenaries for ousted leader Moamer Kadhafi in Libya's conflict last year. One of the Russians, judged to have been the coordinator, was condemned to life imprisonment while the others were sentenced to 10 years' hard labor.
    (AFP, 6/4/12)

2012        Jun 10, In Ukraine a small plane carrying skydivers crash-landed in bad weather near Kiev, killing five and injuring 15 people.
    (AP, 6/10/12)

2012        Jun 28, Amnesty International said both South Sudan's army and rebel groups are using weapons imported from China, Ukraine and neighboring Sudan in fighting that has claimed dozens of civilian lives. Amnesty said the army was using Ukrainian-supplied T-72 battle tanks and that the rebel SSLA laid Chinese-made anti-vehicle mines and were firing Sudanese-made ammunition.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)

2012        Jul 4, Ukraine opposition activists clashed with riot police in the center of Kiev and Parliament Speaker Volodymyr Lytvyn resigned after the legislature passed a bill that would upgrade the status of the Russian language. The president has said he has not decided whether to approve or veto the bill, but Lytvyn's resignation was likely to delay that process because it cannot be submitted to the president without the speaker's signature.
    (AP, 7/4/12)

2012        Jul 5, In Ukraine some 1,000 opposition activists rallied in Kiev to protest legislation upgrading the status of the Russian language.
    (AP, 7/5/12)

2012        Jul 7, In Ukraine a bus carrying Russian religious pilgrims crashed killing 14 of 45 people onboard near Chernihiv.
    (SSFC, 7/8/12, p.A4)

2012        Jul 26, In Ukraine a bare-breasted feminist activist bearing a threatening message on her body tried to attack the Russian Orthodox Church's leader Patriarch Kirill at Kiev's airport, to protest alleged anti-Ukrainian policies by the church and the Kremlin. Femen identified the woman as Yana Zhdanova.
    (AP, 7/26/12)

2012        Aug 29, Ukraine's highest court upheld the guilty verdict against former PM Yulia Tymoshenko, who is in jail on abuse of office charges.
    (AP, 8/29/12)

2012        Sep 8, In Ukraine hundreds of demonstrators rallied in the center of Kiev to protest what they call the government's crackdown on one of the few remaining independent TV channels ahead of parliamentary elections in late October.
    (AP, 9/8/12)

2012        Sep 29, Ukraine's jailed former Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko exhorted her country to "rise up" against President Viktor Yanukovych's party in next month's parliamentary election.
    (AP, 9/29/12)

2012        Oct 9, In Syria Ankhar Kochneva, a Ukrainian woman who worked as an interpreter for a Russian TV crew, was kidnapped by rebels in the country's west. Kochneva was reported free on March 12, 2013.
    (AP, 10/16/12)(AP, 3/12/13)

2012        Oct 28, Ukrainians voted in an election that was expected to maintain President Viktor Yanukovych's parliamentary majority, despite his rollback on democracy during nearly three years in power. An exit poll showed Yanukovych's Party of Regions ahead with some 28.1 percent of the vote. Tymoshenko's Fatherland party was poised to get about 25 percent of the proportional vote, while the Udar (Punch) led by world boxing champion Vitali Klitschko was set to get around 15 percent.
    (AP, 10/28/12)(AP, 10/29/12)

2012        Nov 16, Yulio Tymoshenko, Ukraine’s jailed opposition leader, ended her  18-day hunger strike after discussion with her German doctors.
    (SFC, 11/16/12, p.A5)

2012        Dec 13, In Ukraine a violent brawl between supporters of the president and opposition lawmaker broke out in parliament, nearly overshadowing the naming of a new pro-government speaker to lead the fractious body. Opposition lawmakers were angry over the fact that some of their opponents continued the controversial practice of voting in place of their absent colleagues, despite a recent ban.
    (AP, 12/13/12)

2012        Dec 15, In Ukraine Kharkiv Judge Volodymyr Trofimov (58), his wife, son and the son's girlfriend were found dead in Trofimov's apartment. All the bodies had been decapitated and the heads were missing. This was Judge's Day in Ukraine.
    (AP, 12/17/12)

2012        Dec 18, Ukrainian health officials said 37 people have died from the severe cold spell that hit the country this month.
    (AP, 12/18/12)

2013        Jan 18, Ukrainian authorities formally notified jailed former PM Yulia Tymoshenko that she is a suspect in the murder of Yvhen Scherban, a businessman and lawmaker, his wife and two other people in 1996.
    (AP, 1/19/13)

2013        Jan 24, Ukraine sealed a deal with Shell allowing the company to probe for shale gas.
    (Econ, 2/2/13, p.53)

2013        Feb 12, In Ukraine a 600-square-meter (6,500-square-foot) section of the roof over the turbine hall at the fourth power block at Chernobyl collapsed due to heavy snowfall. A new giant arch-shaped confinement is currently being constructed over the old sarcophagus. The construction of the new shelter was not affected by the accident.
    (AP, 2/13/13)

2013        Feb 13, Ukrainian officials sought to reassure the public that radiation levels were unaffected at Chernobyl and there was no safety threat after a partial roof collapse at the exploded nuclear power plant.
    (AP, 2/13/13)
2013        Feb 13, Ukraine reached a tentative agreement with Turkmenistan to resume imports of natural gas from the energy-rich Central Asian nation. Completion of the deal would require the consent of Kazakhstan and Russia as transit nations.
    (AP, 2/13/13)
2013        Feb 13, In Ukraine a small Soviet-designed AN-24 plane carrying soccer fans headed for a match skidded past the landing strip and overturned in the eastern city of Donetsk, killing five people.
    (AP, 2/13/13)

2013        Mar 23, In Ukraine the city of Kiev declared a state of emergency after it was paralyzed by an unprecedented snowstorm that has stalled car, railway and air traffic.
    (AP, 3/23/13)

2013        Apr 4, Ukrainian lawmakers held two competing parliament sessions after pro-government legislators stormed out of the official parliament hall and moved to a nearby building in response to a protest by opposition parties.
    (AP, 4/4/13)
2013        Apr 4, The Ukraine-based group Femen, which stages pranks for women's and gay rights, held an International Topless Jihad day in support of Muslim women. In Tunisia a woman named Amina participated and went into hiding after reportedly receiving death threats. On Apr 6 she reappeared in an interview on French cable TV station Canal Plus saying she fears for her life and wants to take refuge abroad.
    (AP, 4/7/13)

2013        Apr 7, Ukraine’s Pres. Viktor Yanukovych pardoned former Interior Minister Yuri Lutsenko and former environment minister Heorhiy Filipchuk.
    (SFC, 4/8/13, p.A2)

2013        May 25, In Kiev, Ukraine, between 50 and 100 gay rights activists staged the ex-Soviet nation's first-ever gay pride parade under heavy police presence.
    (AP, 5/25/13)

2013        Jun 26, In Ukraine Irina Krashkova (29) was beaten and raped by local police in Vradiyevka. The officers involved were not arrested until enraged residents stormed the police station in protest.
    (AP, 7/21/13)(http://tinyurl.com/lf25gh4)

2013        Jul 2, Ukraine's president ordered a top-level inquiry after a night of violence in a small southern town in which people angered by the rape of a local woman in which they said police were involved attacked a police headquarters with petrol bombs.
    (Reuters, 7/2/13)

2013        Jul 19, Ukrainian riot police dispersed a protest in central Kiev early today over last month's rape of a woman who accused police officers of the crime.
    (Reuters, 7/19/13)

2013        Aug 6, Ukraine's Emergency Situations Ministry said that a pipe carrying liquid ammonia depressurized at the Stirol plant in the east of the country, causing the release of the chemical. The leak killed 5 people and sickened more than 20.
    (AP, 8/6/13)

2013        Aug 15, Ukrainian politicians accused Russia of starting a trade war to pressure the country against signing a cooperation pact with the EU, bringing relations between the two former Soviet states to a new low.
    (AP, 8/15/13)

2013        Aug 30, Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovich said he had no legal powers to allow jailed rival Yulia Tymoshenko to go abroad for medical treatment as some European governments have urged, but hinted compromise might be found if the law was changed.
    (Reuters, 8/30/13)

2013        Sep 3, Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovich urged parliament to pass laws to underpin the country's pro-Europe drive, even as Russia renewed pressure on Kiev to halt its westward course.
    (Reuters, 9/3/13)

2013        Sep 11, The European Union rejected Russian pressure to deter Ukraine and other former Soviet republics from deepening trade ties with Europe, saying any kind of retaliation was unacceptable.
    (Reuters, 9/11/13)

2013        Sep 18, Ukraine formally gave the go-ahead for landmark trade deals to be signed with the European Union, disregarding pressure from Moscow for Kiev to halt its westward course.
    (Reuters, 9/18/13)

2013        Oct 2, Ukrainian police fired tear gas to disperse protesters trying to enter the city council building in the capital Kiev. Thousands of opposition protesters had gathered to rally against what they say is an illegitimate council session.
    (Reuters, 10/2/13)

2013        Oct 21, The party of Ukraine's jailed opposition leader Yulia Tymoshenko (52) rejected President Viktor Yanukovich's terms for her release and European envoys said time was running out to solve a row threatening agreements with the EU.
    (Reuters, 10/21/13)

2013        Oct 29, Russian PM Dmitry Medvedev says Russia will ask Ukraine to start pre-paying for gas supplies in case Ukraine doesn't settle outstanding debts. He was reacting to a complaint of Alexei Miller, chief executive of Russian gas giant Gazprom, who said Ukraine owes Russia $882 million for the August deliveries and was due to pay for it by Oct 1.
    (AP, 10/29/13)

2013        Nov 1, In Tasmania int’l. negotiations ended after China, Russia and Ukraine scuttled plans to create the world's largest ocean sanctuary in Antarctica. The sanctuary plans were led by the Antarctic Ocean Alliance which campaigns for protecting the Antarctic seas. For the sanctuary proposals to pass, they needed backing from all 200 delegates from 25 member countries, many of which have conflicting interests.
    (Reuters, 11/1/13)(SFC, 11/2/13, p.A2)

2013        Nov 13, More than one-half of the editorial staff at the Ukrainian edition of Forbes quit to protest what they say is censorship imposed by the new management. They resigned after the new chief editor rejected a previously approved project to investigate a top government official, First Deputy PM Serhiy Arbuzov, an ally of the president.
    (AP, 11/13/13)

2013        Nov 21, The Ukrainian government announced it was suspending its preparations for the signing of a landmark agreement with the EU. President Vladimir Putin's spokesman said that Russia welcomed Kiev's desire to improve trade ties with Moscow, signaling satisfaction with the Ukrainian government decision.
    (AP, 11/21/13)(Reuters, 11/21/13)
2013        Nov 21, Ukraine's parliament rejected draft laws that would allow jailed opposition leader Yulia Tymoshenko to go to Germany for medical treatment.
    (Reuters, 11/21/13)

2013        Nov 22, Thousands of protesters poured into Kiev's Independence Square, the center of Ukraine's pro-Western Orange Revolution, to demand that the government reverse course and sign a landmark agreement with the EU.
    (AP, 11/22/13)

2013        Nov 24, Some 50,000 Ukrainians, bearing EU flags and chanting "Down with the gang!", marched through Kiev in a pro-Europe rally denouncing President Yanukovich's U-turn in policy back towards Russia.
    (AP, 11/24/13)

2013        Nov 25, The EU expressed strong disapproval of Russian pressure on Ukraine to reject an EU trade deal, while police fired tear gas at pro-Europe protesters in the former Soviet republic.
    (Reuters, 11/25/13)

2013        Nov 26, In Ukraine several thousand students ditched classes and joined protests in the center of Kiev against the government's abrupt move to freeze integration with the West and tilt toward Moscow.
    (AP, 11/26/13)

2013        Nov 27, In the Ukraine thousands of people demonstrated in central Kiev for a fifth straight day to protest the government’s decision not to sign an agreement with the EU but to restore ties with Russia instead.
    (AP, 11/27/13)

2013        Nov 28, EU leaders meeting in Vilnius sought to revive a stalled agreement with Ukraine after the former Soviet republic shocked the 28-country bloc last week by opting for closer ties with Russia instead.
    (AP, 11/28/13)

2013        Nov 29, In Ukraine thousands protested in Kiev, demanding the president's resignation after he shelved a landmark agreement with the European Union in favor of closer ties with Russia.
    (AP, 11/29/13)

2013        Nov 30, Ukrainian police in Kiev broke up a large anti-government demonstration in the city center before dawn, swinging truncheons and injuring many. Protesters took refuge inside the walls of a central Kiev monastery. The opposition demanded that authorities call early presidential and parliamentary polls.
    (AP, 11/30/13)(AFP, 11/30/13)(Reuters, 11/30/13)

2013        Dec 1, In Ukraine some 300,000 demonstrators chased away police to rally in the center of Kiev, defying a government ban on protests on Independence Square over the president's refusal to sign an agreement with the EU. Opposition leader Vitaly Klitschko, addressing hundreds of thousands of protesters, called on President Viktor Yanukovich and his government to resign. The protests turned violent when a group of demonstrators besieged the president's office and police drove them back with truncheons, tear gas and flash grenades.
    (AP, 12/1/13)(Reuters, 12/1/13)

2013        Dec 2, In Ukraine about 1,000 protesters blocked off the government's main headquarters and surrounding streets, preventing employees getting to work, in further protests at Kiev's policy U-turn away from integration with Europe.
    (AP, 12/2/13)

2013        Dec 3, Ukraine's opposition failed to force out the government with a parliamentary no-confidence vote, leaving the country's political tensions unresolved with calls for more mass protests.
    (AP, 12/3/13)

2013        Dec 4, Ukraine's PM Mykola Azarov warned protesters trying to blockade government buildings they would be punished for any "illegal acts", as officials went to Moscow seeking aid to avoid a financial meltdown. Thousands of people continued to rally in Kiev against the decision to freeze ties with the EU and get closer to Russia.
    (Reuters, 12/4/13)(AP, 12/4/13)

2013        Dec 6, Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovich flew to Russia to meet Vladimir Putin, seeking aid to shore up a creaking economy as protesters back home, opposed to his U-turn away from Europe, defied police.
    (Reuters, 12/6/13)

2013        Dec 8, Several hundred thousand Ukrainians occupied a central square in the capital, denouncing President Viktor Yanukovych's decision to turn away from Europe and align with Russia. Protesters in the square knocked down a 3.4 meter statue of Vladimir Lenin, erected in 1946.
    (AP, 12/8/13)(AFP, 12/8/13)

2013        Dec 9, In Ukraine  hundreds of police in full riot gear flooded into the center of Kiev as mass anti-government protests gripped the capital for yet another week. Heavily armed riot troops broke into the offices of a top opposition party in Kiev and seized its servers.
    (AP, 12/9/13)

2013        Dec 10, In Ukraine about 2,000 pro-Europe protesters huddled by braziers in their main tented camp in snowbound Kiev, in defiance of riot police who herded them away from government buildings overnight.
    (Reuters, 12/10/13)

2013        Dec 11, Ukrainian police pulled back as protesters claimed victory after an overnight face-off in which authorities removed barricades and tents and scuffled with demonstrators occupying Kiev's main square.
    (AP, 12/11/13)

2013        Dec 12, Russian President Vladimir Putin used his state-of-the-nation address to defend conservative values, referring obliquely to his government's anti-gay stance as he chided the West for treating "good and evil" equally. Putin also made a new attempt to woo Ukraine after the EU and US stepped up efforts to pull Kiev out of its former Soviet master's orbit. He also announced a set of initiatives to crack down on Russian companies who register and pay taxes in offshore jurisdictions.
    (AP, 12/12/13)

2013        Dec 13, Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovich made few concessions in crisis talks with the opposition, his first direct attempt to defuse weeks of unrest over a policy swerve to Russia away from Europe. A Ukrainian court released all those arrested during a violent police dispersal of demonstrators near the presidential administration building, one of the demands of the opposition that has conducted three weeks of large protests.
    (Reuters, 12/13/13)(AP, 12/13/13)

2013        Dec 14, Tens of thousands of Ukrainians rallied in support of President Viktor Yanukovich in central Kiev, separated by a line of riot police from anti-government protesters who have camped out for weeks in a nearby square. Authorities conceded to one of the demands of weeks-long protests, opening investigations against four top officials and suspending two of them from office over the violent police response to a small demonstration last month.
    (Reuters, 12/14/13)(AP, 12/14/13)

2013        Dec 15, In Ukraine about 200,000 anti-government protesters converged on the central square of Kiev in a dramatic show of morale after nearly four weeks of daily protests. The EU said it has suspended association talks with Ukraine until it receives a firmer commitment from Yanukovych that Ukraine was serious about the deal.
    (AP, 12/15/13)(AFP, 12/15/13)

2013        Dec 16, Ukraine's ruling party demanded a sweeping cabinet reshuffle in a sign the leadership was seeking to placate the opposition in a bitter standoff over a rejected EU pact.
    (AFP, 12/16/13)

2013        Dec 17, Russian and Ukrainian officials signed a series of agreements in Moscow to boost trade and industrial cooperation.
    (AP, 12/17/13)

2013        Dec 20, Russia closed a deal to buy Ukraine's newly-issued $3 billion Eurobond, part of a $15 billion bailout of its smaller neighbor.
    (Reuters, 12/23/13)

2013        Dec 22, Ukrainian opposition leaders urged supporters at a rally to stay on Kiev's main squ7are through New Year and Christmas, as street protests appeared to be losing momentum.
    (Reuters, 12/22/13)

2013        Dec 23, Russia bought $3 billion worth of Ukrainian bonds, the first batch of a promised $15 billion, in a bid to support its neighbor's economy.
    (AP, 12/24/13)

2013        Dec 25, Ukrainian opposition activist and journalist Tetyana Chornovil (34), known for her investigations into corruption among senior state officials, was beaten up by unknown attackers. Chornovil was assaulted near Kiev hours after an article she wrote on the assets of top government officials was published. Opposition activists quickly gathered outside the Interior Ministry in Kiev and demanded the resignation of Interior Minister Vitali Zakharchenko.
    (Reuters, 12/25/13)(SFC, 12/26/13, p.A3)

2013        Dec 29, In Ukraine some 20,000 people protested in Kiev, maintaining more than a month of rallies opposing the government's decision to shelve a key deal with the European Union.
    (AP, 12/29/13)

2014        Jan 1, In Ukraine about 15,000 people marched through the streets of Kiev to mark the 105th birthday of Stepan Bandera (d.1959), glorified by some as a leader of Ukraine's liberation movement and dismissed by others as a Nazi collaborator.
    (AP, 1/1/14)

2014        Jan 11, Ukraine's ex-interior minister turned opposition leader Yuriy Lutsenko (49) was in intensive care in hospital after being beaten in fresh clashes between pro-EU demonstrators and club-wielding police.
    (AFP, 1/11/14)

2014        Jan 12, In Ukraine an estimated 50,000 pro-Western protesters massed in the heart of Kiev amid swelling anger over the bloody beating of prominent former minister turned opposition leader Yuriy Lutsenko.
    (AFP, 1/12/14)

2014        Jan 16, Supporters of Ukrainian Pres. Viktor Yanukovich rammed a sweeping law through parliament in an attempt to curb anti-government protests, sparking an outcry from the opposition and raising tensions on the streets.
    (Reuters, 1/16/14)

2014        Jan 17, Ukraine President Viktor Yanukovych signed legislation curbing anti-government protests, civic activism and free speech.
    (AFP, 1/17/14)(SFC, 1/20/14, p.A3)

2014        Jan 19, Ukraine protesters attacked riot police with sticks in Kiev and tried to overturn a bus blocking their path to parliament, as up to 100,000 massed in defiance of sweeping new laws aimed at stamping out anti-government demonstrations.
    (Reuters, 1/19/14)

2014        Jan 21, In Ukraine top opposition leader Vitali Klitschko headed for talks with the Pres. Yanukovych after yet another night of violent street clashes between anti-government protesters and police.
    (AP, 1/21/14)

2014        Jan 22, In Ukraine Unity Day protests left 5 people dead. The bodies of 2 protesters were found near the site of clashes with police in Kiev. Prosecutors said they were shot with live ammunition, the first deaths after two months of largely peaceful protest. Some 25 people went missing. Yanukovich met opposition leaders in an attempt to defuse street violence in which 3 people were killed overnight.
    (AP, 1/22/14)(Reuters, 1/22/14)(Econ, 1/25/14, p.41)(Econ, 2/15/14, p.20)

2014        Jan 23, Tensions in Ukraine spread far from Kiev as hundreds of people in the city of Lviv stormed into the regional governor's office and forced him to write a letter of resignation. President Yanukovich called for an emergency session of parliament to end the crisis which has brought thousands of anti-government protesters on to the streets and caused violent clashes with police. PM Mykola Azarov accused opposition protesters of trying to stage a coup d'etat.
    (AP, 1/23/14)(Reuters, 1/23/14)

2014        Jan 25, Ukraine’s President Viktor Yanukovych offered the prime minister's post to Arseniy Yatsenyuk, one of the opposition's most prominent leaders. Police clashed with protesters who blockaded a building in central Kiev and the fate of the government was uncertain after embattled Pres. Viktor Yanukovich offered opposition leaders key posts.
    (Reuters, 1/26/14)(AP, 1/27/14)

2014        Jan 27, The Ukrainian government said in a statement it was issuing $2 billion in Eurobonds to Russia on the same terms as in December, bringing the total amount borrowed - over two years at an interest rate of 5 percent - to $5 billion.
    (Reuters, 1/27/14)
2014        Jan 27, Ukraine's justice minister threatened to call for a state of emergency unless protesters leave her ministry building, which they occupied during the night. The body of a man (55) was found dead hanging from the framework of a huge artificial 'New Year tree' in central Kiev.
    (AP, 1/27/14)(Reuters, 1/27/14)

2014        Jan 28, Ukraine PM Mykola Azarov resigned. Pres. Yanukovych accepted Azarov’s resignation but asked him to stay on in an acting role until a new government is formed. Parliament repealed anti-protest laws that had set off violent clashes between protesters and police.
    (AP, 1/28/14)

2014        Jan 29, Ukraine’s parliament passed a measure offering amnesty to those arrested in two months of protests, but only if demonstrators vacate most of the buildings they occupied. The opposition greeted the move with contempt.
    (SFC, 1/30/14, p.A2)

2014        Jan 30, Ukraine's embattled President Viktor Yanukovych took sick leave, leaving it unclear how involved he may be in efforts to resolve the country's political crisis in which protesters are calling for his resignation.
    (AP, 1/30/14)

2014        Jan 30, In Ukraine Dmytro Bulatov (35) a member of Automaidan, a group of car owners that has taken part in the protests against President Viktor Yanukovych, was discovered outside Kiev. His face and clothes were covered in clotted blood, his hands were swollen and bore the marks of nails. He had gone missing on Jan 22.
    (AP, 1/31/14)

2014        Jan 31, Ukraine President Viktor Yanukovych signed a measure offering amnesty to those arrested in two months of protests, but only if demonstrators vacate most of the buildings they occupied, and repealed anti-protest legislation.
    (AP, 1/31/14)(Reuters, 2/1/14)

2014        Feb 3, Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovich returned to his desk after four days of sick leave, while the political opposition pressed for further concessions to end more than two months of street protests.
    (Reuters, 2/3/14)

2014        Feb 4, In Ukraine 12 people were killed and five others injured when a train and minibus collided at a railway crossing point in the north-eastern Sumy region.
    (Reuters, 2/4/14)

2014        Feb 8, In Ukraine Thousands of people angered by months of anti-government protests in Kiev converged on one of the protesters' barricades, but retreated after meeting sizeable resistance.
    (AP, 2/8/14)

2014        Feb 9, Ukraine's security agency warned of a heightened risk of terrorism, including from nearly three months of anti-government protests. An estimated 70,000 pro-Western Ukrainians thronged the heart of Kiev vowing never to give up their drive to oust President Viktor Yanukovych for his alliance with old master Russia.
    (AP, 2/9/14)(AFP, 2/9/14)

2014        Feb 11, In central Ukraine Oleksandr Lobodenko (34), a judge who placed several anti-government protesters under house arrest, was murdered overnight in Kremenchuk.
    (AFP, 2/12/14)

2014        Feb 14, Ukraine authorities provisionally freed the last of 234 detained protesters under an amnesty offer aimed a diffusing protracted street protests.
    (SFC, 2/15/14, p.A2)

2014        Feb 16, In Ukraine anti-government demonstrators in Kiev ended their nearly three-month occupation of City Hall as promised in exchange for the release of all jailed protesters.
    (AP, 2/16/14)

2014        Feb 18, In Ukraine riot police stormed Independence Square (Maidan) in Kiev. The deadly clashes between police and anti-government protesters left at least 25 people dead and hundreds injured, raising fears of a civil war.
    (AP, 2/18/14)(AFP, 2/18/14)(AP, 2/19/14)(Econ, 2/22/14, p.19)

2014        Feb 19, Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovich accused pro-European opposition leaders of trying to seize power by force after at least 26 people died in the worst violence since the former Soviet republic gained independence. Defiant protesters seized control of Kiev’s central post office, hurling fire bombs and rocks and standing their ground against officers in riot gear. Opponents of the president declared political autonomy in the major western city of Lviv. Protest leaders and Pres. Yanukovych called for a truce.
    (Reuters, 2/19/14)(AP, 2/19/14)(SFC, 2/20/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 19, Poland's deputy foreign minister said consensus has been reached among EU states about imposing sanctions on Ukrainian officials over the violence in Kiev that has killed dozens of people.
    (Reuters, 2/19/14)

2014        Feb 20, In Ukraine protesters, fearing that a call for a truce was a ruse, tossed firebombs and advanced upon police lines in Kiev. Government snipers shot back and the almost-medieval melee that ensued left at least 70 people dead. Ukraine's Interior ministry says 67 police were captured by protesters. The head of Kiev's city administration quit the party of President Viktor Yanukovich in protest at the bloodshed on the streets.
    (AP, 2/20/14)(Reuters, 2/20/14)

2014        Feb 21, Ukraine's opposition leaders signed a deal with the president and European and Russian mediators for early elections and a new government in hopes of ending a deadly political crisis. Ukraine's parliament voted to return the ex-Soviet country to its 2004 constitution, which limits the president's powers and gives lawmakers the right to appoint key ministers.
    (AP, 2/21/14)(AFP, 2/21/14)

2014        Jan 22, In Ukraine Unity Day protests left 5 people dead. The bodies of 2 protesters were found near the site of clashes with police in Kiev. Prosecutors said they were shot with live ammunition, the first deaths after two months of largely peaceful protest. Some 25 people went missing. Yanukovich met opposition leaders in an attempt to defuse street violence in which 3 people were killed overnight.
    (AP, 1/22/14)(Reuters, 1/22/14)(Econ, 1/25/14, p.41)(Econ, 2/22/14, p.20)
2014        Feb 22, The heads of four Ukrainian security bodies, including the police's Berkut anti-riot units, appeared in parliament and declared they would not take part in any conflict with the people. Yulia Tymoshenko left imprisonment and spoke to a massive, adoring crowd, while President Viktor Yanukovych decamped to eastern Ukraine and vowed he would remain in power.
    (Reuters, 2/22/14)(AP, 2/23/14)

2014        Feb 23, Ukraine’s Parliament voted to hand the president’s power to speaker  Oleksandr Turchinov, a top opposition figure, plunging Ukraine into new uncertainty after a deadly political standoff.
    (AP, 2/23/14)

2014        Feb 24, Ukraine's acting government issued an arrest warrant for President Viktor Yanukovych, accusing him of mass crimes against the protesters who stood up for months against his rule. The head of the city administration in Sevastopol quit amid the turmoil, and protesters replaced a Ukrainian flag near the city hall building with a Russian flag. Andriy Klyuyev, President Viktor Yanukovych's chief of staff until Sunday, was wounded by gunfire and hospitalized.
    (AP, 2/24/14)(AP, 2/25/14)

2014        Feb 26, In Ukraine fistfights broke out between pro- and anti-Russian demonstrators in the strategic Crimea region as Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered massive military exercises just across the border.
    (AP, 2/26/14)
2014        Feb 26, Moscow granted Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych protection "on the territory of Russia," shortly after the fugitive leader sought help from the Kremlin.
    (AP, 2/27/14)
2014        Feb 26, Estonian Foreign Minister Urmas Paet told EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton in a phone call that the Ukrainian opposition to president Viktor Yanukovych may have been involved in sniper attacks (Feb 18-20). News of the call was leaked in early March and prompted Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov to call for an OSCE investigation.
    (AFP, 3/8/14)(SFC, 3/8/14, p.A4)

2014        Feb 27, Ukraine's new prime minister Arseny Yatseniuk accused the government of ousted President Viktor Yanukovich of stripping state coffers bare and said 37 billion dollars of credit it had received had disappeared. Armed men seized the parliament in the Crimea region and raised the Russian flag, alarming Kiev's new rulers, who urged Moscow not to abuse its navy base rights on the peninsula by moving troops around.
    (Reuters, 2/27/14)

2014        Feb 28, Ukraine accused Russia of a "military invasion and occupation," saying Russian troops have taken up positions around a coast guard base and two airports on its strategic Crimea peninsula. Russia kept silent on the accusations, as the crisis deepened between two of Europe's largest countries.
    (AP, 2/28/14)
2014        Feb 28, Switzerland, Austria and Liechtenstein moved to freeze assets and bank accounts of up to 20 Ukrainians including ousted president Viktor Yanukovich and his son, after Ukraine's new rulers said billions had gone missing.
    (Reuters, 2/28/14)

2014        Feb, In the Netherlands the Allard Pierson museum opened the "Crimea — Gold and secrets of the Black Sea" exhibition. In April curators said they are not sure where to return the objects on display when it ends in August due to Russia’s takeover of Crimea.
    (AP, 4/4/14)

2014        Mar 1, Russia's parliament granted Pres. Vladimir Putin permission to use the country's military in Ukraine and also recommended that Moscow's ambassador be recalled from Washington over comments made by Pres. Obama. Ukrainian PM Arseny Yatsenyuk opened a Cabinet meeting in Kiev by calling on Russia not to provoke discord in Crimea.
    (AP, 3/1/14)
2014        Mar 1, Sergei Aksyonov, the pro-Russian prime minister of Ukraine's Crimea region, claimed control of the military and police there and appealed to Russia's President Vladimir Putin for help in keeping peace.
    (AP, 3/1/14)

2014        Mar 2, Ukraine mobilized for war and Washington threatened to isolate Russia economically, after President Vladimir Putin declared he had the right to invade his neighbor.
    (Reuters, 3/2/14)
2014        Mar 2, Ukraine's new PM Arseniy Yatsenyuk and world leaders urged Russian President Vladimir Putin to pull back his military as hundreds of armed men surrounded a Ukrainian military base in Crimea. Ukraine's navy chief announced he had switched allegiance to the pro-Russian authorities of the flashpoint peninsula of Crimea, a day after he was appointed to the post by interim leader Oleksandr Turchynov.
    (AP, 3/2/14)(AFP, 3/2/14)

2014        Mar 3, In Ukraine pro-Russian demonstrators occupied the first floor of the regional government building in Donetsk, the latest in days of rallies that Kiev says are organized by Moscow as a pretext to invade. Interfax news agency quoted a source in the Ukrainian Defense Ministry as saying Russia's Black Sea Fleet has told Ukrainian forces in Crimea to surrender by 5 a.m. on March 4 or face a military assault. The OSCE said it will start deploying in Ukraine late today, but Russian objections mean the body has yet to agree on a full-scale mission. The UN said 16,000 Russians have been deployed in Crimea.
    (Reuters, 3/3/14)(AFP, 3/3/14)(SFC, 3/4/14, p.A2)
2014        Mar 3, In Ukraine Reshat Ametov, a Tatar construction worker and father of three, was seized by unidentified men after taking part in a pro-Ukraine rally in Crimea. His body, bearing signs of torture was found on March 16.
    (Econ, 3/22/14, p.23)

2014        Mar 4, Secretary of State John Kerry flew to Kiev to show US support for the fledgling Ukraine government, and the Obama administration announced with his arrival a $1 billion energy subsidy package.
    (AP, 3/4/14)
2014        Mar 4, Vladimir Putin said that Moscow reserves the right to use its military to protect Russians in Ukraine but voiced hope it won't need to do so as he accusing the West of encouraging an "unconstitutional coup." Russia's state-controlled natural gas giant Gazprom said it will cancel a price discount for natural gas supplies to Ukraine as of April 1.
    (AP, 3/4/14)

2014        Mar 5, Ukraine's new PM Arseniy Yatsenyuk said that embattled Crimea must remain part of Ukraine, but may be granted more local powers.
    (AP, 3/5/14)
2014        Mar 5, The EU prepared a $15 billion aid package to Ukraine and froze the assets of 18 people blamed for looting the treasury of the nearly bankrupt country.
    (AP, 3/5/14)
2014        Mar 5, Germany’s Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble said that Germany is ready to help Ukraine in its difficult phase and added that this would include financial assistance.
    (Reuters, 3/5/14)

2014        Mar 6, Ukraine's new leadership was reported to have reached out to oligarchs for help, appointing them as governors in eastern regions where loyalties to Moscow are strong.
    (AP, 3/7/14)
2014        Mar 6, In Ukraine two Femen protesters were arrested in Crimea's capital Simferopol after staging a topless demonstration against Russia's intervention in Ukraine in front of the regional parliament. Pavel Gubarev, the leader of the most persistent pro-Moscow protest movement in eastern Ukraine, was arrested at his home in the city of Donetsk
    (AFP, 3/6/14)(Reuters, 3/6/14)
2014        Mar 6, The Obama administration slapped new visa restrictions against pro-Russian opponents to the new Ukraine government in Kiev as lawmakers in Crimea declared their intention to split from Ukraine and join Russia instead. They scheduled a referendum in 10 days for voters to decide the fate of the disputed peninsula. Russia's parliament, clearly savoring the action, introduced a bill intended to make this happen.
    (AP, 3/6/14)
2014        Mar 6, European leaders said Russia will face sanctions over its military incursion in Ukraine's Crimean peninsula unless it withdraws its troops or engages in credible talks to defuse the situation. The EU froze the assets of ousted Ukraine leader Viktor Yanukovych, ex-premier Mykola Azarov and 16 former ministers, businessmen and security chiefs, all on grounds of fraud.
    (AP, 3/6/14)(AFP, 3/6/14)
2014        Mar 6, Poland's defense minister said a mission of observers from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) has been stopped from entering Ukraine's Crimean Peninsula by unidentified men in military fatigues.
    (Reuters, 3/6/14)

2014        Mar 7, Russia rallied support for a Crimean bid to secede from Ukraine, with Russia's top lawmaker assuring her Crimean counterpart that the region would be welcomed as "an absolutely equal subject of the Russian Federation." Russia said that Organization for Security and Co-Operation in Europe (OSCE) observers, who were barred from Crimea, had failed to obtain "official invitations" from the Crimean authorities.
    (AP, 3/7/14)(AFP, 3/7/14)

2014        Mar 8, Ukraine's top security body said that it and the national news agency has been hit by cyber attacks, the latest suffered by state organizations since the start of the crisis over Crimea.
    (Reuters, 3/8/14)
2014        Mar 8, Russia was reported to be reinforcing its military presence in Crimea as Moscow's foreign minister ruled out any dialogue with Ukraine's new authorities, whom he dismissed as puppets. Warning shots were fired when an unarmed OSCE military observer mission was turned back while trying to cross into Ukraine's Crimea region.
    (AP, 3/8/14)(Reuters, 3/8/14)

2014        Mar 9, Russians took over a Ukrainian border post on the western edge of Crimea, trapping about 15 personnel inside. Germany's Angela Merkel delivered a rebuke to President Vladimir Putin, telling him that a planned Moscow-backed referendum on whether Crimea should join Russia was illegal and violated Ukraine's constitution.
    (Reuters, 3/9/14)

2014        Mar 10, Russian troops opened fire with automatic rifles during a takeover of a Ukrainian naval post in Crimea.
    (Reuters, 3/10/14)
2014        Mar 10, Switzerland froze the assets and bank accounts of nine more Ukrainians, including another son of ousted president Viktor Yanukovich and the son of a former prime minister, all of whom are suspected of human rights abuses and misuse of state funds.
    (Reuters, 3/10/14)

2014        Mar 11, Ukraine's interim leaders established a new National Guard and appealed to the United States and Britain for assistance against what they called Russian aggression in Crimea under a post-Cold War treaty.
    (Reuters, 3/11/14)
2014        Mar 11, The parliament of Ukraine's Crimea peninsula voted for full independence from Ukraine in preparation for a referendum to join Russia. France threatened sanctions against Moscow as early as this week. Gunmen took over air traffic control of the airport in the regional capital Simferopol and refused landing rights to a flight from the Ukrainian capital.
    (AFP, 3/11/14)
2014        Mar 11, The European Commission agreed to extend nearly 500 million euros worth of trade benefits to Ukraine, removing duties on a wide range of agricultural goods, textiles and other imports in an effort to support the Ukrainian economy.  G7 leaders called on Russia to stop all efforts to "annex" Ukraine's Crimea region.
    (Reuters, 3/11/14)(Reuters, 3/12/14)
2014        Mar 11, The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) said it is sending a new team to observe military developments in tense regions of Ukraine and that the new team's mandate has been extended beyond Crimea to eastern Ukraine. Pro-Russian forces rebuffed previous attempts to monitor Crimea.
    (AP, 3/11/14)

2014        Mar 12, Ukraine's acting president said the country would not use its army to stop Crimea from seceding, the latest sign that a Russian annexation of the strategic peninsula may be imminent.
    (AFP, 3/12/14)
2014        Mar 12, Austria arrested Ukrainian businessman Dmytro Firtash at the request of the USA which has been investigating him since 2006. He was suspected of violating laws on bribery and forming a criminal organization in the course of foreign business deals. On March 21 Firtash was released on 125 million-euro ($172.5 million) bail.
    (Reuters, 3/13/14)(AP, 3/21/14)
2014        Mar 12, European Union member states agreed on the wording of sanctions on Russia, including travel restrictions and asset freezes against those responsible for violating the sovereignty of Ukraine.
    (Reuters, 3/12/14)

2014        Mar 13, Ukraine's parliament appealed to the UN to discuss the occupation by Russian forces of its Crimea peninsula and said it reserved the right to ask individual countries for help in resolving the issue. A man (22) was stabbed to death in Donetsk in clashes between pro-Russian protesters and a crowd favoring European integration and denouncing Russian forces' seizure of Crimea.
    (Reuters, 3/13/14)(Reuters, 3/14/14)
2014        Mar 13, Germany's Angela Merkel warned Moscow that it risked "massive" political and economic damage if it refused to change course on Ukraine.
    (AP, 3/13/14)

2014        Mar 14, In Ukraine two people were killed and several wounded in a shootout that erupted after a clash in the city of Kharkiv between pro-Russian demonstrators and their opponents.
    (AP, 3/15/14)
2014        Mar 14, EU officials said they have drawn up a list of 120-130 names of Russians who could be hit with travel bans and asset freezes to punish Russia for its seizure of Ukraine's Crimea region.
    (Reuters, 3/14/14)
2014        Mar 14, Russia called on the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) to send its observers to monitor Crimea's controversial referendum on independence from Ukraine.
    (AFP, 3/14/14)

2014        Mar 15, Ukraine's military scrambled aircraft and paratroops to repel an attempt by Russian forces to enter a long spit of land belonging to a region adjacent to Crimea. Russian forces seized a natural gas distribution station in Strelkova, about 10 km outside Crimea.
    (Reuters, 3/15/14)(AP, 3/15/14)
2014        Mar 15, Russia vetoed a UN resolution declaring the March 15 referendum on the future of Ukraine's Crimean Peninsula illegal, but close ally China abstained in a show of Moscow's isolation.
    (AP, 3/15/14)

2014        Mar 16, Residents in Ukraine's strategic Crimean Peninsula voted to leave Ukraine and join Russia, overwhelmingly approving a referendum that sought to unite the Black Sea region with the country it was part of for some 250 years. In eastern Ukraine thousands of pro-Russian protesters in the city of Donetsk rallied in support of Crimea's right to join Russia and to press for their own referendum. Ukraine's defense minister said his forces in Crimea have reached a temporary truce with Russia aimed at easing tensions surrounding the Black Sea peninsula's high-stakes secession referendum.
    (AP, 3/16/14)(AFP, 3/16/14)
2014        Mar 16, NATO said hackers have brought down several public NATO websites, in what appeared to be the latest escalation in cyberspace over growing tensions over Crimea.
    (Reuters, 3/16/14)

2014        Mar 17, Ukraine's Crimean peninsula declared itself independent after its residents voted overwhelmingly to secede and join Russia, while the United States and the European Union slapped sanctions against some of those who promoted the divisive referendum. Ukraine recalled its ambassador to Russia for consultations on the international ramifications of the situation in its Crimea region. Armed men came to the Ukrainian Belbek military airfield in the Crimean peninsula, fired shots in the air and took away the  base's commanding officer.
    (AP, 3/17/14)(Reuters, 3/17/14)(Reuters, 3/18/14)

2014        Mar 18, In Crimea a confrontation between Ukrainian soldiers and pro-Russian militia left two dead, a Ukrainian serviceman and a member of a militia.
    (AP, 3/19/14)
2014        Mar 18, Russia’s President Vladimir Putin signed a treaty to annex Crimea, describing the move as correcting past injustice and a necessary response to what he called Western encroachment upon Russia's vital interests.
    (AP, 3/18/14)
2014        Mar 18, French foreign minister Laurent Fabius said that leaders of the Group of Eight world powers have suspended Russia's participation in the club amid tensions over Ukraine and Russia's incursion into Crimea.
    (AP, 3/18/14)
2014        Mar 18, US Vice President Joe Biden warned Russia that the US and Europe will impose further sanctions as Moscow seeks to annex the Ukrainian territory.
    (AP, 3/18/14)

2014        Mar 20, Pro-Russian crowds seized two Ukrainian warships and Ukraine said its troops were being threatened in Crimea as the European Union considered new sanctions against Russia for its annexation of the Black Sea peninsula.
    (AP, 3/20/14)
2014        Mar 20, President Barack Obama said the United States is levying a new round of economic sanctions on individuals in Russia, both inside and outside the government, in retaliation for the Kremlin's actions in Ukraine. Obama says he has also signed a new executive order that would allow the US to sanction key sectors of the Russian economy.
    (AP, 3/20/14)

2014        Mar 21, Ukrainian police detained energy official Yevhen Bakulin, the chief executive of state energy company Naftogaz, as part of an investigation into corruption that it says may have cost the Ukrainian state about $4 billion.
    (AP, 3/22/14)
2014        Mar 21, The European Union and Ukraine signed a landmark political cooperation accord, committing to the same deal former president Viktor Yanukovich rejected last November, a decision that led to his overthrow.
    (Reuters, 3/21/14)
2014        Mar 21, Russia’s Pres. Vladimir Putin completed his annexation of Crimea, signing a law making the Black Sea peninsula part of Russia just as Ukraine itself sealed a deal pulling it closer into Europe's orbit.
    (AP, 3/21/14)

2014        Mar 22, Ukraine’s interior minister said police have seized 42 kg of gold and $4.8 million in cash during a search of the apartments of former Energy Minister Eduard Stavytsky. His career had blossomed under the presidency of ousted Viktor Yanukovich and was appointed energy minister in December 2012.
    (Reuters, 3/22/14)
2014        Mar 22, Ukraine Col. Yully Mamchur, the commander of Belbek Air Force base in Crimea, was seized by pro-Russian forces as they stormed the base near Sevastopol.
    (SFC, 3/24/14, p.A4)
2014        Mar 22, In eastern Ukraine more than 5,000 pro-Russia residents of Donetsk demonstrated in favor of holding a referendum on whether to seek to split off and become part of Russia.
    (AP, 3/22/14)

2014        Mar 24, Ukraine announced the evacuation of its troops and their families from Crimea, effectively acknowledging defeat in the face of Russian forces, who stormed one of the last remaining Ukrainian bases on the peninsula.
    (Reuters, 3/24/14)

2014        Mar 25, Ukraine lawmakers accepted the resignation of the defense minister Igor Tenyukh as thousands of troops began withdrawing from the Crimean Peninsula, now controlled by Russia. Col. Gen. Mikhail Kovalyov was voted in as his replacement.
    (AP, 3/25/14)
2014        Mar 25, Oleksander Muzychko, a prominent Ukrainian far-right activist, was shot dead by police overnight as he tried to escape from a cafe in the western region of Rivne. Police said he was wanted for "hooliganism" and an attack on a local prosecutor.
    (Reuters, 3/25/14)

2014        Mar 26, Ukraine’s Naftogaz officials said the price of gas will rise for domestic consumers by more than 50 per cent from May 1. Further rises will be implemented under a fixed timetable until 2018. The step were in response to demands by the International Monetary Fund.
    (AP, 3/26/14)
2014        Mar 26, Russian forces took over the Ukrainian minesweeper Cherkasy, the last military ship controlled by Ukraine in Crimea.
    (Reuters, 3/26/14)

2014        Mar 27, Ukraine PM Arseniy Yatsenyuk warned that everyone is going to feel some pain from necessary financial reforms ahead as  the International Monetary Fund pledged up to $18 billion in loans to prop up the teetering economy. Former PM Yulia Tymoshenko announced that she will run for president in the vote set for May 25.
    (AP, 3/27/14)
2014        Mar 27, The UN passed a non-binding resolution declaring invalid Crimea's Moscow-backed referendum on seceding from Ukraine  with 100 votes in favor, 11 against and 58 abstentions in the 193-nation General Assembly. Russia threatened several Eastern European and Central Asian states with retaliation if they voted in favor of a United Nations General Assembly resolution.
    (Reuters, 3/28/14)(Reuters, 3/29/14)

2014        Mar 28, Russia's Pres. Vladimir Putin said Ukraine could regain some arms and equipment of military units in Crimea that did not switch their loyalty to Russia.
    (AP, 3/28/14)

2014        Mar 29, Russia said it had "no intention" of invading eastern Ukraine, responding to Western warnings over a military buildup on the border following Moscow's annexation of the Crimean peninsula.
    (Reuters, 3/29/14)

2014        Mar 29, Ukraine boxer turned opposition leader Vitali Klitschko dropped out of the May 25 snap presidential polls to help the candidacy of Petro Poroshenko, a charismatic tycoon who made a fortune selling chocolates and backs closer Western ties.
    (AFP, 3/29/14)
2014        Mar 29, Crimea's Tatars held a vote on whether to push for self-rule in their historic homeland following its annexation by Russia. The Crimean Tatars, who make up about 12 percent of Crimea's population, strongly opposed and largely boycotted the hastily-organized March 16 referendum.
    (AFP, 3/29/14)

2014        Mar 31, Ukraine reported a gradual withdrawal of Russian troops from its border that may be linked to Washington's latest push for a diplomatic solution to the worst East-West standoff since the Cold War.
    (AFP, 3/31/14)
2014        Mar 31, In Ukraine a Right Sector member shot and wounded three people outside a restaurant adjacent to Kiev's main Independence Square, including a deputy city mayor, triggering a standoff that lasted overnight.
    (AP, 4/1/14)
2014        Mar 31, Russia’s PM Medvedev said Crimea will be made a special economic zone offering tax breaks and reduced bureaucracy to attract investors.
    (Reuters, 3/31/14)

2014        Apr 1, The EU’s economy chief Olli Rehn's said the EU will make a swift payment of financial aid to Ukraine and dismissed the possibility of economic sanctions against Russia unless it takes more action.
    (Reuters, 4/1/14)
2014        Apr 1, Russia warned Ukraine against integration with NATO, saying Kiev's previous attempts to move closer to the bloc had strained ties with Russia and caused problems between Moscow and the defense alliance. Russia sharply hiked the price for natural gas to Ukraine and threatened to reclaim billions previous discounts. Ukrainian police moved to disarm members of a radical nationalist group after a shooting spree in the capital.
    (Reuters, 4/1/14)(AP, 4/1/14)

2014        Apr 2, Ukraine took the first step toward granting more powers to the regions in line with Western wishes but stopped well short of creating the federation sought by Russia.
    (AFP, 4/2/14)
2014        Apr 2, A Russian soldier shot dead Ukrainian naval officer Stanislav Karachevsky in eastern Crimea, the second Ukrainian death reported since Russia took control of the Black Sea peninsula.
    (Reuters, 4/7/14)
2014        Apr 2, Ukraine's ousted president, Viktor Yanukovych, said that he was "wrong" to invite Russian troops into Crimea, and vowed to try to persuade Russia to return the Black Sea peninsula.
    (AP, 4/2/14)
2014        Apr 2, The EU and the US sought ways to reduce the political clout Russia gets from its vast energy reserves by promising to wean Ukraine and the rest of the continent off those supplies.
    (AP, 4/2/14)

2014        Apr 3, Ukraine authorities said that they have detained several members of an elite riot police unit on suspicion of shooting protesters during bloody anti-government clashes in February that left more than 100 dead. The interim government has said former Pres. Yanukovych ordered snipers to be deployed, a charge Yanukovych has denied.
    (AP, 4/3/14)
2014        Apr 3, Germany’s Deutsche Post said it is no longer accepting letters bound for Crimea after its Ukrainian counterpart told the Geneva-based Universal Postal Union (UPU) that delivery to the region was no longer guaranteed.
    (Reuters, 4/3/14)
2014        Apr 3, Russia’s gas giant Gazprom urged Ukraine to pay its debt, and announced a 70 percent rise in the charge for future supplies.
    (AP, 4/3/14)

2014        Apr 4, Ukraine's Western-backed leaders scrambled to find new sources of energy after Russia hiked its gas price by 81 percent in response to the overthrow of Kiev's pro-Kremlin regime.
    (AFP, 4/4/14)(AFP, 4/5/14)
2014        Apr 4, In Ukraine journalist Vasily Sergiyenko, a member of nationalist Svoboda party, was abducted in his home city of Korsun-Shevchenkivskyi. The body of the reporter was later found in a forest with stab wounds and signs of beatings to his head and knees.
    (AP, 4/6/14)

2014        Apr 5, Ukraine rejected Russia's latest gas price hike and threatened to take its energy-rich neighbor to arbitration court over a dispute that could imperil deliveries to western Europe.
    (AFP, 4/5/14)
2014        Apr 5, Ukraine’s security service said it has detained a 15-strong armed gang planning to seize power in Luhansk province. Weapons seized included 300 machine guns, an anti-tank grenade launcher and a large number of grenades.
    (SSFC, 4/6/14, p.A5)

2014        Apr 6, In Ukraine about 50 pro-Russian protesters broke through police lines and stormed inside the main administration building in the eastern city of Donetsk. Pro-Russian activists seized government buildings in at least three cities.
    (AFP, 4/6/14)(AP, 4/7/14)

2014        Apr 7, In Ukraine pro-Russian separatists who seized a provincial administration building in the eastern city of Donetsk proclaimed the region independent.
    (AP, 4/7/14)
2014        Apr 7, Ukraine's ecology and natural resources minister estimated on that Kiev had lost natural resources and related assets worth 127 billion hryvnias ($10.8 bln) when Russia annexed the Crimea region.
    (Reuters, 4/7/14)   

2014        Apr 8, Ukrainian authorities reasserted control over an administration building in Kharkiv, the country's second-largest city, evicting pro-Russian protesters and detaining dozens. In Donetsk the makings of an improvised self-appointed government began taking shape as demonstrators dug in for their third day at the 11-story regional administration headquarters. In Luhansk pro-Russia groups remained in control of the local branch of the security services, which they seized over the weekend.
    (AP, 4/8/14)

2014        Apr 9, Ukrainian authorities warned that they are prepared to use force to clear several government buildings seized by pro-Russian separatists in the east of the country. 56 hostages were allowed to leave the Luhansk security services building overnight.
    (AP, 4/9/14)

2014        Apr 10, In Ukraine protesters inside the Luhansk security building, a former KGB headquarters, said they would only lay down their weapons if Kiev agreed to hold a referendum on the future of the region.
    (Reuters, 4/10/14)
2014        Apr 10, President Vladimir Putin warned European leaders Russia would cut natural gas supplies to Ukraine if it did not pay its bills and said this could lead to a reduction of onward deliveries to Europe.
    (Reuters, 4/10/14)

2014        Apr 11, Ukraine's PM Arseniy Yatsenyuk told leaders in the country's restive east that he is committed to allowing regions to have more powers, but left it unclear how his ideas differ from the demands of protesters now occupying government buildings or Russia's advocacy of federalization.
    (AP, 4/11/14)
2014        Apr 11, Nuclear technology firm Westinghouse said it has reached a deal with Ukraine to deliver fuel for its 15 reactors through 2020, a move that helps the country reduce its reliance on Russia for energy supplies as it squabbles with Moscow over unpaid gas bills.
    (AP, 4/11/14)
2014        Apr 11, Crimean lawmakers adopted a new constitution, taking another step to cement the region's absorption into Russia despite strong objections from the Muslim Tatar minority.
    (Reuters, 4/11/14)
2014        Apr 11, The United States imposed sanctions on a Crimea-based gas company, Chernomorneftegaz, effectively putting it off limits to Russia's state-controlled Gazprom. The move, along with penalties on six Crimean separatists and a former Ukrainian official, is the third round of US sanctions since the Ukraine crisis erupted.
    (Reuters, 4/11/14)

2014        Apr 12, In Ukraine armed pro-Russian militants raised the Russian flag in the eastern city of Slaviansk, deepening a stand-off with Moscow which, Kiev warned, was dragging Europe closer to a "gas war" that could disrupt supplies across the continent.
    (Reuters, 4/12/14)

2014        Apr 13, Ukrainian special forces exchanged gunfire with a pro-Russia militia in the eastern city of Slovyansk, with at least one security officer killed and five others wounded. Separatist protesters seized control of the mayor's office in the town of Mariupol.
    (AP, 4/13/14)(Reuters, 4/13/14)

2014        Apr 14, Ukraine's acting President Oleksandr Turchynov said the Kiev leadership was "not against" a referendum being held on the type of state Ukraine should be and added he was sure it would confirm the wish of the majority for a united, independent country.
    (Reuters, 4/14/14)
2014        Apr 14, Ukraine's acting President Oleksandr Turchynov called for the deployment of UN peacekeeping troops in the east of the country, where pro-Russian insurgents have occupied buildings in nearly 10 cities. During the storming of a police station in Horlivka earlier today, one man identified himself as a lieutenant colonel of the Russian army. About 100 pro-Russian protesters armed with bats and rocks stormed a police station in the eastern town of Gorlivka, smashing its windows and grabbing metal shields from police. Pro-Russian militants seized two of Ukrainian soldiers "hostage" in the separatist eastern region of Lugansk.
    (AP, 4/14/14)(AFP, 4/14/14)(AFP, 4/16/14)
2014        Apr 14, The EU threatened Russia with more sanctions over its actions in eastern Ukraine.
    (Reuters, 4/14/14)

2014        Apr 15, Ukraine government forces repelled an attack by some 30 gunmen at the Kramatorsk airport south of Slovyansk.
    (SFC, 4/16/14, p.A2)
2014        Apr 15, German utility company RWE said it has started sending natural gas to Ukraine, a move that could support the country if Russia acts on its threat to cut off supplies because of a massive debt for past deliveries.
    (AP, 4/15/14)

2014        Apr 16, In Ukraine a column of 6 armored vehicles flying Russian flags drove into Slovyansk, a city controlled by pro-Russian insurgents. Ukraine's defense ministry said pro-Russia separatists had seized the six armored personnel carriers from Ukrainian armed forces with the help of Russian agents. Ukraine's security service said it had intercepted communications showing that Russian commanders in the separatist east had issued pro-Kremlin militants with "shoot-to-kill" orders.
    (AP, 4/16/14)(Reuters, 4/16/14)(AP, 4/16/14)

2014        Apr 17, In Ukraine 3 pro-Russian protesters were killed and 13 injured during an attempted raid overnight on a National Guard base in the Black Sea port of Mariupol. High-level talks aimed at calming soaring tensions over the crisis in Ukraine went into overtime with top diplomats from the United States, European Union, Russia and Ukraine attempting to forge a common position on how to de-escalate the situation. Ukrainian town councilor Volodymyr Rybak and a second man disappeared. He was seen being bundled into a car by masked men in camouflage. His body was found on April 29 near Slaviansk.
    (AP, 4/17/14)(Reuters, 4/23/14)

2014        Apr 18, In eastern Ukraine pro-Russian insurgents who have occupied government buildings in more than 10 cities said they will not leave them until the country's interim government resigns.
    (AP, 4/18/14)

2014        Apr 20, Ukraine and Russia traded blame for a shootout at a checkpoint manned by pro-Russia insurgents in Slovyansk that left three people dead in a mysterious shooting.
    (AP, 4/20/14)(Econ, 4/26/14, p.50)

2014        Apr 21, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree to rehabilitate Crimea's Tatars and other minorities who suffered under Soviet dictator Josef Stalin, courting a group that largely opposed Moscow's annexation of the region from Ukraine.
    (Reuters, 4/21/14)

2014        Apr 22, Ukrainian PM Arseny Yatseniuk said that Russian special forces were operating in the east to undermine a presidential election due on May 25 and he called on Moscow to pull them out. Acting President Oleksandr Turchynov ordered the resumption of military operations in the east, where pro-Russia protesters and masked gunmen have seized government buildings and set up checkpoints on the roads.
    (Reuters, 4/22/14)(AP, 4/24/14)
2014        Apr 22, In Ukraine US Vice President Joe Biden delivered an aid package and demanded Russia back off. He also warned Kiev it must tackle the "cancer of corruption."
    (Reuters, 4/22/14)
2014        Apr 22, In Ukraine Simon Ostrovsky, a  US journalist for Vice News, disappeared. He had been covering the crisis in Ukraine for weeks and was reporting about groups of masked gunmen seizing government buildings in one eastern Ukrainian city after another. Pro-Russian gunmen in eastern Ukraine admitted the next day that they are holding Ostrovsky.
    (AP, 4/23/14)

2014        Apr 24, Ukrainian government troops moved against pro-Russia forces in the east of the country and killed at least two of them in clashes at checkpoints manned by the insurgents. Russian President Vladimir Putin decried what he described as a "punitive operation."
    (AP, 4/24/14)

2014        Apr 25, Ukrainian special forces launched a second phase of their operation in the east of the country by mounting a full blockade of the rebel-held city of Slaviansk A Ukrainian military helicopter exploded at a base near the eastern town of Kramatorsk after being hit by a rocket-propelled grenade. In Slovyansk pro-Russian activists detained an eight-member team traveling under the auspices of the OSCE, accusing them of being NATO spies.
    (Reuters, 4/25/14)(AP, 4/25/14)(SSFC, 4/27/14, p.A9)

2014        Apr 26, Leaders of the G7 major economies agreed to impose more sanctions on Russia over the crisis in Ukraine, where armed pro-Moscow separatists have detained a group of international observers they accuse of being NATO spies.
    (Reuters, 4/26/14)

2014        Apr 28, In Ukraine Hennady Kernes, the mayor of Kharkiv, was shot in the back and fought to stay alive following an operation. Kernes has insisted he does not support the pro-Russia insurgents and backed a united Ukraine. Pro-Russia insurgents seized more government buildings.
    (AP, 4/28/14)
2014        Apr 28, Britain's Serious Fraud Office said it had opened a criminal investigation into possible money laundering associated with corruption in Ukraine and had frozen $23 million of assets in the UK in relation to the case.
    (Reuters, 4/29/14)
2014        Apr 28, The European Union added 15 more officials to its Russian sanctions list to protests Moscow's meddling in Ukraine.
    (AP, 4/28/14)
2014        Apr 28, The United States levied new sanctions on seven Russian government officials, as well as 17 companies with links to Vladimir Putin's close associates, as the Obama administration seeks to pressure the Russian leader to deescalate the crisis in Ukraine.
    (AP, 4/28/14)

2014        Apr 29, In Ukraine demonstrators demanding more power for eastern regions stormed the regional administration building in Luhansk, one of the largest cities in the troubled east.
    (AP, 4/29/14)
2014        Apr 29, The EU released the names of 15 new people it is targeting for sanctions because of their roles in the Ukraine crisis.
    (AP, 4/29/14)
2014        Apr 29, US Attorney General Eric Holder said the United States is determined to help Ukraine find and recover billions of dollars of assets it says were stolen by its former president and his aides. Holder spoke at the start of a two-day international meeting in London, jointly organized by Britain and the United States and attended by representatives from 35 countries, which is aimed at helping Ukraine's government recover money from President Viktor Yanukovich.
    (Reuters, 4/29/14)

2014        Apr 30, In Ukraine insurgents wielding automatic weapons took control and hoisted an insurgent flag on top of the city council building in the city of Horlivka in the Donetsk region. They also took control of a police station in the city. Acting Pres. Turchynov instructed the governors to try to prevent the threat from overtaking more central and southern regions.
    (AP, 4/30/14)

2014        May 1, Ukraine ordered the expulsion of Russia's military attaché, saying it had caught him "red-handed" a day earlier receiving classified information on the country's cooperation with NATO. A crowd of some 300 pro-Russian militants attacked the prosecutor's office in the eastern city of Donetsk.
    (Reuters, 5/1/14)(AFP, 5/1/14)

2014        May 2, In Ukraine pro-Russia forces shot down two government helicopters as the country launched its first major offensive against an insurgency that has seized government buildings in the east. Two crew members were killed in the crashes, and pro-Russia militiaman was reported killed. At least 42 people died in clashes between government supporters and opponents in the Black Sea port of Odessa. Most died when government opponents took refuge in a building that caught fire after protesters threw firebombs inside.
    (AP, 5/2/14)(AP, 5/3/14)

2014        May 3, In eastern Ukraine pro-Russia insurgents released the seven OSCE military observers and five Ukrainian assistants who had been seized on April 25. A team member from Sweden was also seized but was released earlier. 10 people were reported killed in a confrontation with soldiers on the outskirts of Slovyansk. A three-day mourning period was declared in Odessa for those that died a day earlier.
    (AP, 5/3/14)

2014        May 5, Ukrainian troops fought pitched gunbattles with a pro-Russia militia occupying Slovyansk. About 800 pro-Russia forces in and around Slovyansk were deploying large-caliber weapons and mortars. A military helicopter was shot down near Slavyansk, but the pilots survived. 30 pro-Russia insurgents and 4 government troops were killed during operations to expunge anti-government forces around Slovyansk. The government sent an elite national guard unit to re-establish control over the southern port city of Odessa.
    (AP, 5/514)(Reuters, 5/514)(AP, 5/6/14)

2014        May 7, Poland awarded a prize for championing democracy and human rights to Mustafa Dzhemilev, a leader of the Tatar community in Ukraine's Crimea peninsula who says he was barred from the region after Russia annexed it.
    (Reuters, 5/7/14)

2014        May 7, Russia’s President Vladimir Putin urged that a planned May 11 referendum on autonomy in southeast Ukraine be postponed. In a meeting with Swiss president Didier Burkhalter, Putin also called on Ukraine's military to halt all operations against pro-Russia activists who have seized government buildings and police stations across at least a dozen towns in eastern Ukraine.
    (AP, 5/7/14)

2014        May 8, In eastern Ukraine the pro-Russia insurgency decided to go ahead with a May 11 referendum on autonomy or even independence despite a call from Russian President Vladimir Putin to postpone it.
    (AP, 5/8/14)

2014        May 9, In Ukraine at least 3 people were killed in a clash between government forces and rebels in the eastern city of Mariupol. Interior Minister Arsen Avakov said in a statement that 20 "terrorists" and one police officer were killed in fighting that erupted when 60 gunmen tried to capture the Mariupol police station.
    (AP, 5/9/14)
2014        May 9, Russia’s President Putin watched as about 11,000 Russian troops proudly marched across Red Square in celebration of Victory Day. He then flew to Crimea and extolled its return to Russia before tens of thousands during his first trip there since its annexation.
    (AP, 5/9/14)

2014        May 10, Austrian bearded drag queen Conchita Wurst, the alter ego of 25-year-old Thomas Neuwirth (25), won the Eurovision Song Contest.
    (AP, 5/11/14)
2014        May 10, In Ukraine at least 7 people died in clashes in the port city of Mariupol on the Sea of Azov.
    (AP, 5/11/14)

2014        May 11, Residents in eastern Ukraine formed long queues at polling stations to cast their votes in hastily organized independence referendums, defying the central government which called the ballots illegal and funded by neighboring Russia.
    (AP, 5/11/14)

2014        May 12, In eastern Ukraine insurgents in Luhansk said they wouldn't hold the scheduled May 25 presidential vote.
    (AP, 5/13/14)

2014        May 12, Russia made it clear that Moscow has no intention of immediately annexing two regions in eastern Ukraine after a weekend referendum there showed most voters allegedly backing sovereignty.
    (AP, 5/12/14)

2014        May 13, Ukraine's PM Arseny Yatseniuk and EU officials signed a deal for 1 billion euro ($1.37 billion) in EU aid for Kiev's beleaguered government as well as for assistance to help build Ukrainian institutions.
    (AP, 5/13/14)
2014        May 13, In Ukraine 7 soldiers were ambushed and killed by rebels armed with grenade launchers outside the town of Kramatorsk. Ukrainian PM Arseny Yatseniuk urged Russia not to use natural gas as a "weapon" against his country, and accused Moscow of seizing tens of billions of dollars' worth of its assets and energy resources in Crimea.
    (AP, 5/13/14)(Reuters, 5/13/14)(Econ, 5/17/14, p.50)

2014        May 14, The Ukrainian government reluctantly agreed to launch talks on decentralizing power as part of an OSCE backed peace plan, but did not invite its main foes, the pro-Russia insurgents who have declared independence in the east.
    (AP, 5/14/14)

2014        May 15, Ukraine’s acting President Oleksandr Turchynov told lawmakers that government forces attacked overnight an insurgent base in the city of Slovyansk and another one in nearby Kramatorsk. Rinat Akhmetov's company, Metinvest, agreed with steel plant directors, police and community leaders to help improve security in Mariupol and get insurgents to vacate the buildings they had seized. A representative of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic, which had declared independence, was also a party to the deal.
    (AP, 5/15/14)(AP, 5/16/14)
2014        May 15, Russia ratcheted up pressure on Ukraine, with President Vladimir Putin saying in a letter released today that it only will deliver gas to its struggling neighbor next month if it pays in advance.
    (AP, 5/15/14)

2014        May 17, In Ukraine a second round of European-brokered talks aimed at resolving the crisis. Lawmakers and officials from eastern Ukraine poured criticism on the fledging central government for ignoring the grievances of the regions, which have been overrun for pro-Russian protesters.
    (AP, 5/17/14)

2014        May 19, Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered troops deployed near Ukraine to return to their home bases and praised the launch of a dialogue between the Ukrainian government and its opponents even as fighting continued in the eastern parts of the country.
    (AP, 5/19/14)

2014        May 20, The European Commission paid out a first loan tranche of 100 million euros ($137 million) to Ukraine, launching a 1.6 billion euro macro-financial assistance loan program to prop up the beleaguered economy.
    (Reuters, 5/20/14)
2014        May 20, The UN refugee agency said at least 10,000 people have been driven from their homes since the start of the Ukraine crisis, with Crimean Tatars the hardest-hit.
    (AFP, 5/20/14)

2014        May 21, Russian President Vladimir Putin said he ordered troops to pull out from the regions near Ukraine to help create a positive environment ahead of the nation's presidential vote. Putin spoke from Shanghai, China, where he attended a security summit.
    (AP, 5/21/14)

2014        May 22, In eastern Ukraine pro-Russia insurgents attacked a military checkpoint just north of Donetsk, killing 11 troops and wounding at least 33 others in the deadliest raid yet in weeks of fighting. One insurgent was reported killed. Separatist rebels seized four eastern coal mines and demanded that its workers supply them with explosives.
    (AP, 5/22/14)(AFP, 5/22/14)(Reuters, 5/23/14)(Econ, 5/24/14, p.46)

2014        May 23, In Ukraine armed pro-Russian separatists clashed with Ukrainian self-defense fighters near the eastern city of Donetsk, two days before the presidential election, and at least two people were killed.
    (Reuters, 5/23/14)

2014        May 24, In eastern Ukraine Italian photojournalist Andrea Rocchelli (30) and Russian interpreter Andrey Mironov were killed while covering fighting between government forces and pro-Russia insurgents. They were reportedly hit by government mortar fire as they were taking shelter in a roadside ditch.
    (AP, 5/25/14)

2014        May 25, Ukraine held presidential elections as separatists in Donetsk and Luhansk regions, with 5.1 million voters, blocked the vote. Billionaire candy-maker Petro Poroshenko led with about 54 percent in the field of 21 candidates. His campaign ran under the slogan “A new way of living.”
    (AP, 5/25/14)(AP, 5/26/14)(Econ, 5/31/14, p.48)

2014        May 26, Ukraine's new president-elect Petro Poroshenko promised to negotiate an end to a pro-Russia insurgency in the east, saying he was willing to begin talks with Moscow. Government forces used fighter jets to stop pro-Russia separatists from taking over the Donetsk airport. At least 40 people, including 2 civilians, were killed in the fighting..
    (AP, 5/26/14)(AP, 5/27/14)

2014        May 27, Ukraine’s eastern city of Donetsk was in turmoil a day after government forces used fighter jets to stop pro-Russia separatists from taking over the airport. Dozens were reported killed and the mayor went on television to urge residents to stay indoors. Unidentified men stormed Donetsk's main ice hockey arena and set it ablaze.
    (AP, 5/27/14)

2014        May 28, In Ukraine pro-Russian militants conceded that militants from Chechnya had joined their rebellion.
    (SFC, 5/29/14, p.A2)

2014        May 29, In Ukraine rebels in the east shot down a government military helicopter amid heavy fighting around Slovyansk in the Donetsk region, killing at least 12 soldiers including Gen. Serhiy Kulchytskiy. An insurgent leader confirmed that his fighters were holding four missing observers and their Ukrainian translator from the OSCE and promised they would be released shortly.
    (AP, 5/29/14)(AP, 5/30/14)

2014        May 30, Ukraine told Russia a $786 million partial payment on a bill that Russia says could exceed $5 billion by next week was on its way to Moscow. That averted an immediate threat that Russia would stop supplying the former Soviet republic with gas if it fails to make advance payments.
    (Reuters, 5/31/14)

2014        Jun 2, In eastern Ukraine hundreds of armed insurgents attacked a border guards' camp in Luhansk. At least 5 rebels were killed in the clash. There was another rebel attack on a government checkpoint in Slovyansk.
    (AP, 6/2/14)
2014        Jun 2, Russia granted Ukraine another week before it will start demanding prepayment for gas, without which it has threatened to cut off supplies.
    (AP, 6/2/14)

2014        Jun 3, In eastern Ukraine fighting raged for the second straight day as the army rolled out an offensive against pro-Russia separatists holding the city of Slaviansk and claimed to have inflicted losses on the rebels. 2 government soldiers were killed and 42 injured in daylong fighting.
    (Reuters, 6/3/14)(AP, 6/4/14)

2014        Jun 4, Ukraine said that 6 militants were killed and 3 Ukrainian servicemen were injured in 10 hours of fighting overnight at the National Guard base in Luhansk. Pro-Russian insurgents took over two government bases in battles around Luhansk, seizing quantities of ammunition and explosives from a border guards post and taking another installation after National Guard forces ran out of ammunition.
    (AP, 6/4/14)
2014        Jun 4, US President Barack Obama endorsed Ukraine's president-elect Petro Poroshenko, offering Kiev financial and security help and saying he was the right choice to lead the country through its stand-off with Moscow. Obama spoke in Warsaw ahead of a G7 meeting in Brussels.
    (Reuters, 6/4/14)(AP, 6/4/14)

2014        Jun 6, Russian President Vladimir Putin and Ukraine's newly elected leader Petro Poroshenko met in France at the sidelines of ceremonies to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the D-Day landing in Normandy. They spoke of their desire for a quick end to hostilities in southeastern Ukraine.
    (AP, 6/6/14)

2014        Jun 7, In Ukraine newly elected Petro Poroshenko was sworn in as president and called for dialogue with the country’s east. He also took a firm line on Russia's annexation of Crimea this spring, insisting that the Black Sea peninsula "was, is and will be Ukrainian."
    (AP, 6/7/14)

2014        Jun 10, Ukraine Pres. Petro Poroshenko ordered security officials to create a corridor for safe passage for civilians in eastern regions to escape fighting. In the east pro-Russian separatists attacked military checkpoints and other strategic points overnight but they were beaten off with only minor casualties on the Ukrainian side. 40 mercenaries were reported killed near the airport of Kramatorsk.
    (Reuters, 6/10/14)(SFC, 6/11/14, p.A4)
2014        Jun 10, Ukraine Deputy Tax Minister Ihor Bilous, the country's new tax boss, said his predecessor, Oleksandr Klymenko, was in on a massive fraud, helping to organize a wide network of phantom firms in return for a cut of the cash. The criminals, he said, operated with impunity. Klymenko, who has fled the country, denied the charges.
    (AP, 6/10/14)
2014        Jun 10, Russia’s PM Dmitry Medvedev gave the government's blessing to Aeroflot’s new low-cost airline serving newly-annexed Crimea, as he inspected a Dobrolyot (Good Flight) Boeing-737 ahead of its maiden flight from Moscow's Sheremetyevo Airport.
    (Reuters, 6/10/14)

2014        Jun 11, Russia offered to restore the discounted prices it granted Ukraine under the ousted pro-Russian president, but Ukraine demanded an even better deal and called for arbitration to settle the dispute.
    (AP, 6/11/14)

2014        Jun 12, Ukraine's Pres. Petro Poroshenko signaled he would be ready to hold talks with opponents in eastern Ukraine if pro-Russian separatists waging an insurgency there agreed to lay down their weapons. Interior Minister Arseny Avakov accused Russia of allowing three tanks and other military vehicles to cross the border into east Ukraine to help pro-Russian separatists there.
    (Reuters, 6/12/14)

2014        Jun 13, Ukraine's interior minister said that government troops have reclaimed the southern port of Mariupol, the second-largest city in the Donetsk region, from pro-Russian separatists. Rebel leaders confirmed they have three tanks.
    (Reuters, 6/13/14)
2014        Jun 13, Ukraine said it was ready to pay a compromise price for Russian natural gas for 18 months to avert the threat of Moscow cutting off supplies and allow time to reach a long-term pricing agreement.
    (Reuters, 6/13/14)

2014        Jun 14, Afghans voted in a presidential runoff between two candidates, former foreign minister Abdullah Abdullah (53) and ex-World Bank official and former finance minister Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai (64). A series of rockets slammed into areas in the eastern Khost province, near the Pakistani border, killing 6 civilians and wounding eight. A mortar shell killed 2 civilians and wounded three in Logar province.
    (AP, 6/14/14)
2014        Jun 14, In Bangladesh arson attacks and clashes between local residents and Urdu-speaking stateless people left 10 people dead in Dhaka.
    (AP, 6/14/14)
2014        Jun 14, Spanish and Moroccan security forces drove back 1,000 African migrants who tried to scramble over a border fence from Morocco into the Spanish territory of Melilla.
    (AFP, 6/14/14)
2014        Jun 14, In Ukraine pro-Russia separatists shot down a Ukrainian military transport plane as it approached the airport at Luhansk, killing all 49 crew and troops aboard in a bloody escalation of the conflict in the country's restive east.
    (AP, 6/14/14)

2014        Jun 15, Ukraine’s President Petro Poroshenko declared a day of mourning and vowed to punish those responsible after pro-Russia separatists shot down a Ukrainian military transport plane a day earlier.
    (AP, 6/15/14)
2014        Jun 15, NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said NATO is preparing measures to help Ukraine defend itself in its stand-off with Russia, and must adapt to the fact that Moscow now views it as an adversary.
    (Reuters, 6/15/14)

2014        Jun 16, Ukraine’s President Petro Poroshenko called for a truce in east Ukraine, where his government faces a rebellion by pro-Russian separatists, to provide time to seek agreement on a peace plan.
    (Reuters, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 16, Russia cut gas supplies to Ukraine as a payment deadline passed and negotiators failed to reach a deal on gas prices and unpaid bills amid continued fighting in eastern Ukraine. Gazprom announced that it is suing Ukraine's state energy company Naftogaz in an international court for the $4.5 billion. Naftogaz said it has also filed a suit against Gazprom, seeking a "fair and market-based price" for gas, as well as a repayment of $6 billion for what it said were overpayments for gas from 2010.
    (AP, 6/16/14)

2014        Jun 17, Ukraine received 500 million euros ($680 million) from the EU to help stabilize the country and shore up its ailing economy.
    (AP, 6/17/14)
2014        Jun 17, In Ukraine Russian correspondent Igor Kornelyuk (37) died during surgery in a hospital after being wounded by mortar fire while on assignment in Luhansk. Sound engineer Viktor Denisov was also confirmed dead.
    (AP, 6/17/14)(SFC, 6/18/14, p.A2)
2014        Jun 17, In central Ukraine an explosion rocked the main pipeline carrying Russian natural gas to the rest of Europe but a source at Russian gas producer Gazprom said the blast has not disrupted the gas flow.
    (Reuters, 6/17/14)

2014        Jun 18, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko set out proposals for a peace plan for eastern Ukraine involving a unilateral ceasefire by government forces. This followed a late-night telephone call with Russian President Vladimir Putin.
    (Reuters, 6/18/14)

2014        Jun 19, Ukrainian troops and pro-Russian separatists were locked in fierce fighting in the east after rebels rejected a call to lay down their arms in line with a peace plan proposed by Pres. Petro Poroshenko.
    (Reuters, 6/19/14)

2014        Jun 20, In Ukraine 7 government troops were killed in overnight fighting in the Donetsk region, as clashes between government forces and pro-Russia rebels flared ahead of the publication of a presidential peace plan that includes a unilateral cease-fire.
    (AP, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 20, The US issued new sanctions against seven Ukraine separatists accused of stoking violence against their capital in Kiev.
    (AP, 6/20/14)

2014        Jun 21, Ukraine reported no large-scale fighting, the first full day of what is to be a six-and-a-half-day stand-down by the Ukrainian military. Separatist leaders have rejected the cease-fire and said they will not disarm. The Ukrainian Border Guard Service reported overnight attacks on two border posts in the Donetsk region, which left three troops injured, hours after the cease-fire was announced.
    (AP, 6/21/14)

2014        Jun 22, Ukraine's Pres. Petro Poroshenko agreed to dialogue with separatists not implicated in "murder and torture" as he laid out a peace plan that Russian President Vladimir Putin promised to back as fighting flared between government and pro-Moscow separatist forces.
    (AFP, 6/22/14)(Reuters, 6/22/14)

2014        Jun 24, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko said pro-Russian separatists in the east had violated a ceasefire with overnight attacks that killed one government soldier.
    (Reuters, 6/24/14)
2014        Jun 24, Russian President Vladimir Putin asked parliament to cancel a resolution sanctioning the use of military force in Ukraine.
    (AP, 6/24/14)

2014        Jun 25, In Ukraine rebels and government forces traded fire in Slavyansk oblivious to the week-long truce ordered by Ukraine's new president and backed by a top leader of the pro-Russian separatists.
    (AFP, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 25, On Russian President Vladimir Putin's demand, the upper house of the Russian parliament canceled a resolution allowing the use of military in Ukraine.
    (AP, 6/25/14)

2014        Jun 26, Ukrainian separatist rebels agreed to take part in further peace talks on Jun 27 to end the conflict in the eastern regions.
    (Reuters, 6/26/14)

2014        Jun 27, In Ukraine pro-Russian separatist leaders and mediators for the Kiev government met in the city of Donetsk in new consultations on ending the fighting in Ukraine's Russian-speaking east. President Petro Poroshenko told EU leaders he was extending a ceasefire in east Ukraine for three days. Rebels in the southeast released four out of eight OSCE observers, captured over a month ago.
    (Reuters, 6/27/14)
2014        Jun 27, European Union leaders signed broad trade and economic deals with non-member countries Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia.
    (AP, 6/27/14)
2014        Jun 27, EU leaders set June 30 as the deadline for the release of prisoners in east Ukraine and for the terms of a lasting ceasefire, warning Moscow they were ready to impose further sanctions.
    (Reuters, 6/27/14)

2014        Jun 28, In Ukraine pro-Russian insurgents released the last four OSCE observers held since their seizure in late May in Luhansk.
    (SSFC, 6/29/14, p.A8)

2014        Jun 29, In eastern Ukraine veteran cameraman Anatoly Klyan (68), who worked for Russia's Channel One, was killed when a bus carrying journalists and soldiers' mothers was hit by gunfire near Avdiivka, just north of Donetsk.
    (AP, 6/30/14)

2014        Jun 30, France said the leaders of Russia and Ukraine have agreed to work on the adoption of a ceasefire in Ukraine as well as the establishment of effective border controls.
    (Reuters, 6/30/14)

2014        Jul 1, Ukrainian forces struck at pro-Russian separatist bases in eastern regions with air and artillery strikes after President Petro Poroshenko announced he would not renew a ceasefire but go on the offensive to rid Ukraine of "parasites." Rebels captured the Interior Ministry headquarters in Donetsk.
    (Reuters, 7/1/14)(AP, 7/1/14)

2014        Jul 2, In Ukraine 4 soldiers were killed as government forces carried out over 100 attacks on rebel positions and forced pro-Russia separatists out of three eastern villages.
    (AP, 7/2/14)

2014        Jul 3, Ukraine's Pres. Poroshenko shook up the leadership of his struggling military, appointing a new defense minister and top general tasked with stamping out the corruption that has left the country's armed forces faltering before a pro-Russian insurgency. Three helicopters bearing the markings of the Russian armed forces violated Ukrainian airspace several times. Ukraine followed up with protests to Russia.
    (AP, 7/3/14)(Reuters, 7/4/14)

2014        Jul 4, Ukraine National Security Council Secretary Andriy Parubiy said government troops have recaptured more than a dozen eastern villages from pro-Russia separatists but Russia is allowing the rebels to attack Ukrainian border posts from its territory. At least 13 military personnel were killed in separate incidents in fighting against pro-Russian rebels in the east. Insurgents in the Luhansk province said that they have killed 125 Ukrainian troops since July 2.
    (AP, 7/4/14)(Reuters, 7/4/14)

2014        Jul 5, Ukraine's forces claimed a significant success against pro-Russian insurgents, chasing them from Slovyansk, one of their strongholds in the embattled east of the country. More than a hundred militiamen were said to have been killed in the last three days.
    (AP, 7/5/14)
2014        Jul 5, Metropolitan Volodymyr (78), head of Ukraine's Moscow-linked parish of the Orthodox Church, died in Kiev.
    (AP, 7/5/14)

2014        Jul 7, In Ukraine three bridges on key roads leading into the Donetsk were blown up in an apparent attempt to slow down any possible assault by government forces on the rebel-held stronghold.
    (AP, 7/7/14)

2014        Jul 8, Ukraine's government signaled its intention to press on with its campaign against pro-Russian rebels and the militants, regrouping after losing their stronghold, said they were preparing to fight back.
    (Reuters, 7/8/14)

2014        Jul 9, Three Ukrainian soldiers were killed in two night attacks in different parts of the east.
    (Reuters, 7/10/14)
2014        Jul 9, Russian officials said Ukrainian air force pilot Nadezhda Savchenko (31), has been arrested in Russia and charged with abetting the June 17 killing of two Russian journalists. She was captured by separatist rebels last month.
    (AP, 7/9/14)

2014        Jul 10, In eastern Ukraine Vladimir Antyufeyev (63), also known as Vadim Shevtsov, was named "deputy prime minister" by separatist leader Aleksander Borodai. He was one of several native Russians to have taken charge of the separatist rebellion in Ukraine's eastern regions.
    (Reuters, 7/27/14)
2014        Jul 10, Ukrainian forces regained more ground but sustained further casualties in clashes with separatists. France and Germany urged Russia's Vladimir Putin to exert more pressure on the rebels to find a negotiated end to the conflict.
    (Reuters, 7/10/14)

2014        Jul 11, In Ukraine pro-Russia rebels fired missiles at government troops near the Russian border, killing at least 19 servicemen.
    (AP, 7/11/14)
2014        Jul 11, The Canadian government of PM Stephen Harper added 14 individuals to a list of people facing economic sanctions and travel bans related to the Ukrainian crisis. This brings to 43 the number of Russians targeted by Canada in sanctions coordinated with the US and the EU. Thirty pro-Russian Ukrainians have also been hit with visa bans and other measures by Ottawa.
    (AFP, 7/12/14)

2014        Jul 12, In eastern Ukraine artillery fire killed at least 4 people in an overnight attack on a residential area, spurring more people to flee the besieged city of Donetsk and its suburbs.
    (AP, 7/12/14)
2014        Jul 12, The EU moved to impose sanctions on 11 leaders of Ukraine’s pro-Moscow rebellion. Targets of the asset freeze and travel ban included two Russian spin doctors, Alexander Borodai, prime minister of the separatist Donetsk People's Republic, and his counterpart in the Luhansk People's Republic, Marat Bashirov.
    (AP, 7/12/14)

2014        Jul 13, Russia threatened Ukraine with "irreversible consequences" after a man was killed by a shell fired across the border from Ukraine. Kiev said it had bombarded a convoy of 100 armored vehicles and trucks that had crossed into Ukraine carrying in rebel fighters from Russia. It also said 7 of its troops had been killed in attacks. The Donetsk city council said that 12 people had been killed at a mining settlement nearby. Municipal authorities in Luhansk said 6 people were killed in clashes there.
    (Reuters, 7/13/14)

2014        Jul 14, Ukraine's Defense Minister said a military transport plane has been shot down along the country's eastern border with Russia. All eight aboard the plane managed to bail out safely. Kiev later said it has found four survivors, that two others are being held by rebels, and that it does not know the fate of the remaining two. President Petro Poroshenko accused Russian military staff officers of fighting alongside separatists in the east of the country and said a newly-developed Russian missile system was being used against government forces.
    (AP, 7/14/14)(Reuters, 7/14/14)(SFC, 7/15/14, p.A3)(Reuters, 7/16/14)
2014        Jul 14, Russia’s foreign ministry said it has invited monitors from the OSCE European security and rights body to two of its border crossings with Ukraine as a sign of goodwill. A NATO military officer said Russia has been building up its forces again along the Ukrainian border and now has an estimated 10,000-12,000 troops in the area.
    (Reuters, 7/14/14)

2014        Jul 15, In eastern Ukraine an airstrike demolished an apartment block, killing at least 11 civilians. The government denied blame.
    (AP, 7/15/14)(SFC, 7/16/14, p.A2)

2014        Jul 16, In Ukraine fighting raged in the country’s east when separatists tried to break through the lines of government forces near the border with Russia and a tentative step towards agreeing conditions for a ceasefire failed. 11 more Ukrainian soldiers were killed in the space of 24 hours while hundreds of bodies of rebels were found in shallow graves in the former separatist stronghold of Slaviansk.
    (Reuters, 7/16/14)
2014        Jul 16, Russian jets reportedly shot down a Ukrainian SU-25 fighter plane that was on military operations near Amvrosiyivka, about 15 km (about 9 miles) from the border with Russia, where government forces fought to quell a pro-Russian separatist rebellion. Russia denied that it shot down the plane.
    (Reuters, 7/17/14)

2014        Jul 17, In eastern Ukraine separatists carried out 27 attacks on army checkpoints and positions of government forces over the last 24 hours leaving 5 Ukrainian servicemen killed.
    (Reuters, 7/17/14)
2014        Jul 17, Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 with 298 people on board was shot down over eastern Ukraine. Officials strongly suspected the Boeing 777 was downed by a missile fired by Ukrainian separatists backed by Moscow. More than half of the dead passengers, 189 people, were Dutch. Twenty-nine were Malaysian, 27 Australian, 12 Indonesian, nine British, four German, four Belgian, three Filipino, one Canadian, one New Zealand and 4 as yet unidentified. All 15 crew were Malaysian.
    (Reuters, 7/18/14)
2014        Jul 17, Ukraine's SBU security agency released recordings of what it claimed were phone talks involving rebels and a Russian military intelligence officer admitting that they had hit a passenger jet after mistaking it for a military aircraft.
    (AFP, 7/20/14)

2014        Jul 18, In eastern Ukraine emergency workers, police officers and even off-duty coal miners searched the wreckage of Malaysian Airlines Flight 17 shot down a day earlier as it flew miles above the country's battlefield. Ukraine's state aviation service closed the airspace over two regions currently gripped by separatist fighting. 18 civilians were killed by government shelling.
    (AP, 7/18/14)(Econ, 7/26/14, p.20)
2014        Jul 18, The European Union took the next step towards imposing tougher sanctions on Russia for its role in the Ukraine crisis by agreeing the legal basis for widening its list of targets.
    (AFP, 7/19/14)
2014        Jul 18, Russian President Vladimir Putin called for a ceasefire by pro-Russian separatists and Ukrainian government forces fighting in eastern Ukraine to allow for negotiations.
    (Reuters, 7/18/14)

2014        Jul 19, Ukraine accused Russia and pro-Moscow rebels of destroying evidence of "international crimes" as guerrillas and foreign observers faced off over access to the wreckage of the downed Malaysian airliner.
    (Reuters, 7/19/14)

2014        Jul 20, Ukraine accused separatist rebels of hiding evidence that a Russian missile was used to shoot down a Malaysian airliner, while Britain said Moscow faced "pariah" status and the threat of further economic sanctions. Ukraine's Western-backed government said it had "compelling evidence" the Russian SA-11 radar-guided missile battery was not just brought in from Russia but manned by three Russians who had now taken it back over the border.
    (Reuters, 7/20/14)

2014        Jul 21, In eastern Ukraine fighting flared in the city of Donetsk as investigators began to inspect the bodies of victims of the downing of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 last week. Four people were reported killed in the clashes. 13 government troops were killed in fighting in the east when "terrorists" attacked the army and their roadblocks 20 times.
    (Reuters, 7/21/14)(Reuters, 7/22/14)

2014        Jul 22, In Ukraine five refrigerated wagons containing 200 body bags arrived in the city of Kharkiv after pro-Russian separatists agreed to hand over the black boxes from MH17 to Malaysian authorities and the bodies to the Netherlands, where many victims had lived.
    (Reuters, 7/22/14)
2014        Jul 22, Ukraine’s government said the separatists were leaving their positions on the outskirts of Donetsk and retreating towards the city center.
    (Reuters, 7/23/14)
2014        Jul 22, Alexander Khodakovsky, commander of the Vostok Battalion, acknowledged for the first time since MH17 airliner was brought down in eastern Ukraine that the rebels did possess the BUK missile system and said it could have been sent back subsequently to remove proof of its presence.
    (Reuters, 7/24/14)
2014        Jul 22, The EU agreed to impose new sanctions against officials deemed responsible for Russia's actions in Ukraine, amid mounting international anger after a Malaysia Airlines plane was shot down over rebel-held territory.
    (AP, 7/22/14)

2014        Jul 23, Ukrainian Energy Minister Yuri Prodan said reverse gas flows from the EU to Ukraine had fallen because of opposition from Russian gas producer Gazprom.
    (Reuters, 7/23/14)
2014        Jul 23, Pro-Russian rebels shot down two Ukrainian fighter jets, not far from where a Malaysian airliner was brought down last week in eastern Ukraine. Local health officials said 432 people had been killed and 1,015 wounded since hostilities started in the Donetsk region.
    (Reuters, 7/23/14)
2014        Jul 23, In eastern Ukraine Graham Phillips, a British journalist reporting for a Russian television channel, went missing, with Moscow alleging he and another journalist (Vadim) were captured by Kiev's troops. CNN journalist Anton Skiba was reportedly abducted in Donetsk.
    (AFP, 7/23/14)

2014        Jul 24, Ukraine's PM Arseniy Yatsenyuk resigned in a shock move in protest at the disbanding of the ruling parliamentary coalition, plunging the strife-torn nation into political uncertainty. The formal dissolution of the majority coalition in the Verkhovna Rada gives President Petro Poroshenko the right over the next month to announce a fresh parliamentary poll.
    (AFP, 7/24/14)
2014        Jul 24, The United States said it had evidence Russian forces were firing artillery from inside Russia on Ukrainian troops, in what officials called a "clear escalation" of the conflict.
    (AFP, 7/24/14)

2014        Jul 25, Ukraine government forces took the strategically-important city of Lysychansk. It also reported losing 13 soldiers in the past 24 hours. Local authorities in the region of rebel strongholds of Donetsk and Lugansk said 16 people have been killed. A military spokesman said troops were coming under increased fire from the Russian side of the border and that the Ukrainian military had shot down three Russian surveillance drones. The house of Andry Sadovy, mayor of the western city of Lviv, was hit by a rocket fired late today.
    (AFP, 7/25/14)(SFC, 7/26/14, p.A4)(AFP, 7/26/14)
2014        Jul 25, A Russian security official said up to 40 mortar shells fired by Ukrainian forces fell on the Russian province of Rostov near the border with eastern Ukraine where Kiev is fighting pro-Russian separatists.
    (Reuters, 7/25/14)
2014        Jul 25, The Russian agency in charge of agricultural products said it is banning imports of Ukrainian dairy starting because of numerous quality flaws found in its products. Russia is a key market for Ukrainian dairy products. Kiev dismissed the move as politically motivated.
    (AP, 7/25/14)
2014        Jul 25, The European Union extended its Ukraine-related sanctions to target top Russian intelligence officials and leaders of the pro-Russia revolt in eastern Ukraine. The action brought the total number of people under EU sanction in connection with Russia's annexation of Crimea and the revolt in eastern Ukraine to 87.
    (AP, 7/26/14)

2014        Jul 26, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko said his country was not fighting a civil war in its east but was fighting "foreign mercenaries." Rebels in Luhansk said at least 19 civilians had been killed in fighting overnight and local officials said 60 percent of the city was left with no electricity after power lines were damaged. Local authorities said they have uncovered the first mass grave in the former separatist bastion of Slavyansk in eastern Ukraine, containing the bodies of at least 4 civilians they say were executed by pro-Russian rebels.
    (Reuters, 7/26/14)(AFP, 7/26/14)
2014        Jul 26, In Ukraine Oleg Babayev, mayor of the central-eastern city of Kremenchuk, was shot dead by alleged separatists not far from his home.
    (AFP, 7/26/14)

2014        Jul 27, The US stepped up pressure on Moscow by releasing satellite images it says show that rockets have been fired from Russia into neighboring eastern Ukraine and that heavy artillery for pro-Russian separatists has crossed the border.
    (AP, 7/27/14)

2014        Jul 28, In eastern Ukraine heavy fighting raged around the Malaysia Airlines debris field, once again preventing an international police team charged with securing the site from even getting there. A government-supported volunteer battalion said in a statement that it lost 23 soldiers during fighting in a town called Lutuhyne. The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights said in a report that at least 1,129 people have been killed between mid-April, when fighting began, and July 26.
    (AP, 7/28/14)
2014        Jul 28, Japan said it is imposing more sanctions against Russia over its support for pro-Moscow rebels in Ukraine who are accused of shooting down a Malaysian jet.
    (AP, 7/29/14)

2014        Jul 29, In eastern Ukraine shelling in at least three cities hit a home for the elderly, a school and multiple homes, adding to a rapidly growing civilian death toll. At least 24 civilians and 10 soldiers were reported killed and another 55 wounded in fighting over the past day.
    (AP, 7/29/14)(SFC, 7/30/14, p.A4)

2014        Jul 30, The EU targeted Russian President Vladimir Putin's inner circle for the first time for the Kremlin's actions in Ukraine.
    (AP, 7/31/14)

2014        Jul 31, In eastern Ukraine an international team of investigators reached the crash site of the Malaysia Airline Flight 17 for the first time.
    (AP, 7/31/14)

2014        Aug 1, In eastern Ukraine a team of several dozen international investigators descended on the Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 crash site. At least 10 Ukrainian soldiers were killed when their convoy was ambushed by pro-Russian separatist rebels in a town close to the wreckage site. The mayor of Lugansk warned that the insurgent stronghold is on the verge a humanitarian catastrophe, as a siege by government troops has seen water, electricity and food supplies cut off.
    (AP, 8/1/14)(AFP, 8/2/14)
2014        Aug 1, Britain's state-rescued Royal Bank of Scotland said it has capped lending in Russia after the imposition this week of new economic sanctions against Moscow linked to the Ukraine crisis.
    (AFP, 8/1/14)

2014        Aug 3, In eastern Ukraine fighting raged on the western outskirts of Donetsk as the advancing Ukrainian army tried to seize control of the rebel stronghold. In danger of being encircled, the separatists renewed their calls for Russia to send troops to their aid.
    (AP, 8/3/14)

2014        Aug 4, Ukraine said 5 government soldiers were killed and 15 wounded over the last 24 hours in fighting in the east where Kiev forces recaptured an important railway hub from pro-Russian rebels. Ukraine acknowledged that 311 soldiers and border guards had been forced by fighting with separatists to cross into Russia.
    (Reuters, 8/4/14)(AP, 8/4/14)(Reuters, 8/5/14)

2014        Aug 5, Ukrainian government forces, backed by warplanes, kept up a military offensive to claw back lost territory from pro-Russian separatists while casting a nervous eye at Russian military exercises over the border. Terrified residents fled the besieged rebel bastion of Donetsk along a perilous humanitarian corridor. The Donetsk city administration said in a statement published online that 3 people were killed in shelling overnight.
    (Reuters, 8/5/14)(AFP, 8/5/14)(AP, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 5, Japan unveiled details of financial sanctions against 40 individuals and two groups involved in the annexation of Crimea and destabilization of eastern Ukraine.
    (AFP, 8/5/14)

2014        Aug 6, Russian photographer Andrei Stenin (33) was believed killed while travelling along with a convoy of refugees that came under fire from Ukrainian tanks and armored personnel carriers. His death was confirmed on Sep 3.
    (AFP, 9/3/14)

2014        Aug 7, In eastern Ukraine a Dutch recovery team called off its work at the site where Malaysian airliner MH 17 was shot down over rebel held territory last month, saying the frontline location had become too dangerous. Ukraine said the halt to the recovery meant it would stop observing a ceasefire at the site. 7 more Ukrainian service members were killed in the past day of fighting. Sustained shelling in Donetsk struck residential buildings and a hospital, killing at least 4 people and wounding 10 others. Russian citizen Alexander Borodai, the PM of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic, said he was stepping down in favor of a local field commander, Alexander Zakharchenko.
    (Reuters, 8/7/14)(AP, 8/7/14)(AFP, 8/7/14)

2014        Aug 8, Ukrainian army units, which had been trapped by separatists on the border with Russia, broke out of the blockade and rejoined government forces, but 15 soldiers and border guards were killed in the operation. At least 3 civilians were killed and another 10 wounded in overnight shelling of Donetsk, the main rebel stronghold besieged by government forces. The shelling came a few days after rebels had positioned a Grad multiple rocket launcher near the apartment building and fired at Ukrainian positions.
    (Reuters, 8/8/14)(AP, 8/8/14)

2014        Aug 9, Ukraine said it had headed off an attempt by Russia to send troops into Ukraine under the guise of peacekeepers with the aim of provoking a large-scale military conflict. Government forces reportedly seized  Krasnyi Luch, which lies on one of two main roads between Donetsk and the other rebel-held city of Luhansk.
    (Reuters, 8/9/14)(AP, 8/9/14)

2014        Aug 10, In southeastern Ukraine artillery pounded the rebel bastion of Donetsk as the West warned Russia that any attempt to send "humanitarian" troops into the conflict-torn region would be unacceptable. Rockets late today slammed into a high-security prison in Donetsk, igniting a riot that allowed more than 100 prisoners to flee.
    (AFP, 8/10/14)(AP, 8/11/14)
2014        Aug 10, Interfax news reported that five Ukrainian soldiers, who were detained after crossing the border into Russia, have been released back to their unit. The five were among 18 against whom Russia had opened criminal investigations. Twenty-eight Ukrainian border guard officers were also being held in Russia.
    (Reuters, 8/10/14)

2014        Aug 12, A convoy of 280 Russian trucks reportedly packed with aid traveled some 500 km (300 miles) to the southwestern Russian town of Voronezh as it headed for eastern Ukraine, but Kiev said it would only allow the goods through under the close supervision of the international Red Cross.
    (AP, 8/12/14)(Reuters, 8/13/14)

2014        Aug 13, In eastern Ukraine 12 nationalist fighters, battling a pro-Russian insurgency, were killed early today and an unknown number taken captive when rebels ambushed their bus. More than 100 Russian soldiers were killed near the town of Snizhnye, Donetsk Province, while helping pro-Russian separatists fight Ukrainian troops.
    (Reuters, 8/13/14)(Reuters, 8/28/14)
2014        Aug 13, A Russian convoy of nearly 300 trucks, carrying what Russia says is humanitarian aid for victims of fighting in eastern Ukraine, moved slowly towards the border despite concerns by Kiev and the West over the shipment. The UN said the death toll in fighting in eastern Ukraine had doubled in the last two weeks to over 2,000. Ukraine said it could allow Russian aid to enter the country after it was inspected by Ukrainian border guards and foreign monitors.  
    (Reuters, 8/13/14)(AFP, 8/13/14)(AFP, 8/14/14)


2014        Aug 14, The Ukrainian parliament approved a law to impose sanctions on Russian companies and individuals supporting and financing separatist rebels in eastern Ukraine.
    (Reuters, 8/14/14)
2014        Aug 14, In eastern Ukraine artillery shells hit close to the center of Donetsk for the first time, killing at least one person. Kiev repeated that a Russian aid convoy could not enter until Ukrainian authorities had cleared its cargo. Shelling over the last 24 hours killed at least 22 residents in the besieged rebel-held bastion of Lugansk. Valery Bolotov, head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People's Republic, announced his resignation, saying he was injured and could not carry on in his role. Igor Strelkov (aka Igor Girkin), an alleged Russian intelligence colonel, quit as a key rebel chief.
    (Reuters, 8/14/14)(AFP, 8/14/14)
2014        Aug 14, Ukrainian hackers hostile to the government claimed to have launched a cyber attack against the websites of Poland's presidency and the Warsaw Stock Exchange.
    (AFP, 8/14/14)

2014        Aug 15, Dozens of heavy Russian military vehicles massed near the border with Ukraine, while Ukrainian border guards crossed the frontier to inspect a huge Russian aid convoy. Shelling killed 11 civilians and wounded eight more over the past 24 hours in the besieged rebel stronghold of Donetsk. NATO and Ukraine said Russian military vehicles did cross into Ukraine during the night and the Ukrainian president said most of them were destroyed by his troops.
    (Reuters, 8/15/14)(AFP, 8/15/14)(AP, 8/15/14)
2014        Aug 15, Finnish President Sauli Niinisto told his counterpart Vladimir Putin that Western sanctions against Moscow and the food ban Russia introduced in response were damaging bilateral ties and proposed to seek ways to end the Ukraine crisis.
    (Reuters, 8/15/14)

2014        Aug 16, Ukrainian forces and pro-Russian separatists fought skirmishes near the Russian border but there was no sign of the conflict widening after Kiev said it partially destroyed an armored column that had crossed the border from Russia. A rebel Internet news outlet said that separatist fighters had killed 30 members of a Ukrainian government battalion in fighting in Luhansk province. Ukrainian defense ministry spokesman, Andriy Lysenko, said 3 Ukrainian servicemen had been killed over the past 24 hours. Alexander Zakharchenko, self-proclaimed separatist government in the Donetsk region, said newly-trained fighters have 150 armored vehicles, including 30 tanks, and have gathered near a "corridor" along the Russian border.
    (Reuters, 8/16/14)(AP, 8/17/14)
2014        Aug 16, Ukraine government forces captured a district police station in Luhansk after bitter clashes in the Velika Vergunka neighborhood. Separatists shot down a Ukrainian fighter plane over the Luhansk region after it launched an attack on rebels.
    (AP, 8/17/14)

2014        Aug 17, In eastern Ukraine Donetsk city authorities said 10 civilians have been killed and eight wounded in the past 24 hours.
    (AP, 8/17/14)

2014        Aug 18, In eastern Ukraine government forces pressed pro-Russian separatists in fighting overnight, encircling the rebel-held town of Horlivka and taking control of smaller settlements. 17 civilians were killed in a rebel attack on a convoy of people on the main road leading to Russia from the besieged rebel-held city of Luhansk.
    (Reuters, 8/18/14)(AP, 8/18/14)(Reuters, 8/21/14)

2014        Aug 19, A Ukrainian military spokesman said 15 bodies have been recovered from the site of an artillery strike a day earlier on a refugee bus convoy in east Ukraine. Further recovery operations were suspended due to renewed fighting in the area. Government troops fought pro-Russian rebels in the streets of Luhansk and captured most of Ilovaysk town near the eastern city of Donetsk.
    (Reuters, 8/19/14)(AP, 8/19/14)
2014        Aug 19, Ukraine said it has blocked 14 Russian television channels from its cable networks to stop them spreading war propaganda.
    (Reuters, 8/19/14)

2014        Aug 20, A Ukrainian official said government troops have taken control of a large part of Luhansk (Lugansk) after days of street battles with rebels. A Ukrainian warplane was blown out of the sky over rebel-held territory as fierce clashes between government troops and pro-Russian insurgents left dozens of civilians dead. Clashes in and around the rebel stronghold of Donetsk killed 43 civilians in the past 24 hours.
    (AP, 8/20/14)(AFP, 8/20/14)
2014        Aug 20, Russian police arrested four people who climbed a Moscow skyscraper and attached a Ukrainian flag to its spire. They were charged with vandalism and may face three years in jail.
    (Reuters, 8/20/14)

2014        Aug 21, Ukrainian border guards began to inspect a Russian truck convoy carrying aid earmarked for humanitarian relief in eastern Ukraine that has been stranded at the frontier for nearly a week. A Ukrainian military spokesman said 3 refugees including a child (5) were killed near Luhansk when rebel gunfire hit their car. 5 Ukrainian servicemen were also reported killed overnight.
    (Reuters, 8/21/14)
2014        Aug 21, Ukrainian Economy Minister Pavlo Sheremeta said he had tendered his resignation, voicing frustration at the poor pace of economic reform by a government which he said acted "like a predator towards business".
    (Reuters, 8/21/14)
2014        Aug 21, Russian natural gas exporter Gazprom said that Ukraine's outstanding debt for gas supplies stood at $5.3 billion as of Aug. 1 and called on Kiev to ensure that gas continues to transit without disruption to Europe.
    (Reuters, 8/21/14)

2014        Aug 22, Ukraine declared that Russia had launched a "direct invasion" of its territory after Moscow sent a convoy of aid trucks across the border into eastern Ukraine where pro-Russian rebels are fighting government forces. Ukrainian officials said only 34 or 35 of over 100 trucks had been properly checked.
    (Reuters, 8/22/14)

2014        Aug 23, Hundreds of trucks from a disputed Russian aid convoy to rebel-held eastern Ukraine rolled back across the border into Russia but questions about alleged Russian artillery in Ukraine still remained.
    (AP, 8/23/14)

2014        Aug 25, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko dissolved the Rada (parliament).
    (Econ, 8/30/14, p.509)
2014        Aug 25, Ukraine forces captured 10 Russian paratroopers, near a village about 30 miles southeast of the rebel-controlled city of Donetsk, and about 15 miles away from the Russian border.
    (Reuters, 8/26/14)
2014        Aug 25, Russia announced plans for a second aid convoy into Ukraine. The Ukrainian military said a group of Russian forces, in the guise of separatist rebels, had crossed into south-east Ukraine with 10 tanks and two armored infantry vehicles. It said border guards had halted the column outside Novoazovsk.
    (AFP, 8/25/14)(Reuters, 8/25/14)

2014        Aug 26, In Belarus Russian President Vladimir Putin met with Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko, urged him not to escalate an offensive against pro-Moscow rebels, and threatened economic retaliation for signing a trade accord with the EU. Poroshenko replied by demanding a halt to arms shipments from Russia to the separatist fighters.
    (Reuters, 8/26/14)

2014        Aug 27, In southeastern Ukraine pro-Russian rebel forces entered the key town of Novoazovsk after three days of heavy shelling. The new southeastern front has raised fears the separatists are seeking to create a land link between Russia and Crimea. The Ukrainian military said that more Russian soldiers had crossed the border entering the small town of Amvrosiyivka in five armored infantry carriers and a truck.
    (AP, 8/27/14)(Reuters, 8/27/14)

2014        Aug 28, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko said that Russian forces had entered his country and the military conflict was worsening after Russian-backed separatists swept into a key town in the east. NATO said well over 1,000 Russian troops are now operating inside Ukraine. 15 civilians were reported killed in shelling in Donetsk.
    (Reuters, 8/28/14)
2014        Aug 28, In central Russia several dozen women gathered outside a military base in Kostroma to demand that commanders come clean about the whereabouts of their husbands after reports of secret funerals for soldiers covertly sent to Ukraine.
    (AFP, 8/28/14)

2014        Aug 29, Ukraine said it would seek the protection of NATO membership after what Kiev and its Western allies say is the open participation of the Russian military in the war in the eastern provinces. Pro-Moscow rebels said they would comply with a request from the Kremlin and open up a 'humanitarian corridor' to allow the withdrawal of Ukrainian troops they have encircled.
    (Reuters, 8/29/14)

2014        Aug 30, In eastern Ukraine a group of pro-government fighters broke out of encirclement by Russian-backed separatists near Donetsk, but other reports suggested many were still trapped. Ukraine handed over 10 captured Russian paratroops and Russia returned 63 Ukrainian soldiers who crossed into its territory last week.
    (Reuters, 8/30/14)(Reuters, 8/31/14)
2014        Aug 30, A Ukrainian civilian cargo plane with 7 crew members crashed in the mountains of Algeria while on its way to Equatorial Guinea.
    (SSFC, 8/31/14, p.A5)
2014        Aug 30, EU leaders agreed to ask the executive European Commission to draw up more sanctions measures against Russia, as armored columns of Russian troops came to the aid of the rebellion in eastern Ukraine.
    (Reuters, 8/31/14)

2014        Aug 31, A Ukraine naval vessel in the Azov Sea came under artillery attack from the shore today, in what pro-Russian rebels claimed as the first sea victory of their separatist war.
    (Reuters, 8/31/14)
2014        Aug 31, Russian President Vladimir Putin called for immediate talks on "statehood" for southern and eastern Ukraine, although his spokesman said this did not mean Moscow now endorsed rebel calls for independence for territory they have seized.
    (Reuters, 8/31/14)

2014        Sep 1, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko accused Russia of "direct and undisguised aggression" which he said had radically changed the battlefield balance as Kiev's forces suffered a further reverse in their war with pro-Moscow separatists. Ukrainian forces were forced to retreat from Lugansk airport in the face of a Russian troop attack as Moscow soldiers moved into key eastern cities.
    (Reuters, 9/1/14)(AFP, 9/1/14)
2014        Sep 1, Australia ratcheted up sanctions against Russia in line with the United States and EU in response to Russian soldiers openly violating Ukraine sovereignty.
    (AP, 9/1/14)
2014        Sep 1, In Belarus pro-Russian rebels softened their demand for full independence, saying they would respect Ukraine's sovereignty in exchange for autonomy — a shift that reflects Moscow's desire to strike a deal at a new round of peace talks.
    (AP, 9/1/14)

2014        Sep 2, Ukraine’s military said Russian troops were strengthening their positions in the east and using aid shipments to smuggle in arms and other supplies to separatist forces. 15 more Ukrainian servicemen were killed in fighting in the past 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 9/2/14)

2014        Sep 3, A Ukrainian official said the bodies of 87 soldiers had been retrieved from southeastern Ukraine, killed over the weekend near the eastern city of Ilovaysk.
    (AP, 9/3/14)
2014        Sep 3, Australia banned uranium sales to Russia over its actions in Ukraine while announcing it will set up an embassy in Kiev and may offer military assistance.
    (AFP, 9/3/14)
2014        Sep 3, The EU said it is deploying dozens of experts to Ukraine to help reform police forces and bolster the new West-leaning government's commitment to the rule of law.
    (AFP, 9/3/14)
2014        Sep 3, Russian President Vladimir Putin said a deal to end fighting in eastern Ukraine could be reached this week. The announcement was timed by the Kremlin to wrong-foot NATO on the eve of a summit that will discuss the crisis and to sow doubt in the European Union over imposing new sanctions against Moscow.
    (Reuters, 9/3/14)

2014        Sep 4, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko and the main pro-Russian rebel leader said they would both order ceasefires on Sep 5, provided that an agreement is signed on a new peace plan to end the five month war in Ukraine's east.
    (Reuters, 9/4/14)

2014        Sep 5, In Ukraine fighting raged between government forces and pro-Russian rebels just east of the strategic port of Mariupol despite the start of talks between envoys from Ukraine and Russia in Minsk on a ceasefire and a peace plan. Ukraine and pro-Russian rebels agreed to a ceasefire.
    (Reuters, 9/5/14)

2014        Sep 6, In eastern Ukraine shelling resumed near the port of Mariupol on the Sea of Azov late today, just hours after Russian President Vladimir Putin and Ukrainian counterpart Petro Poroshenko had agreed in a phone call that the truce was holding.
    (Reuters, 9/7/14)

2014        Sep 7, A senior aide to Ukraine's Pres. Petro Poroshenko said an agreement was reached during the NATO summit in Wales on the provision of weapons and military advisers from five member states of the alliance.
    (Reuters, 9/7/14)
2014        Sep 7, In eastern Ukraine a woman died and at least four people were wounded when fighting flared again overnight. Fighting broke out early today on the northern outskirts of rebel-held Donetsk. Both the rebels and the Ukrainian military insisted they were strictly observing the ceasefire and blamed their opponents for any violations.
    (Reuters, 9/7/14)

2014        Sep 8, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko announced that 1,200 captives held by pro-Russian rebels have been freed over the last 4 days.
    (AFP, 9/8/14)

2014        Sep 9, Ukraine said it was drafting a list of food and other products it plans to ban from Russia in retaliation for Moscow's own painful and politically-charged restrictions.
    (AFP, 9/9/14)

2014        Sep 10, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko said that Russia has withdrawn about 70% of the troops it allegedly sent across the border to back a bloody pro-Kremlin uprising.
    (AFP, 9/10/14)(SFC, 9/11/14, p.A5)

2014        Sep 13, A Russian convoy of more than 200 white trucks crossed the border to deliver humanitarian aid to Luhansk, a move made without Kiev's consent yet met with silence by Ukraine's top leaders.
    (AP, 9/13/14)

2014        Sep 14, Ukraine's defense minister said that NATO countries were delivering weapons to his country to equip it to fight pro-Russian separatists and "stop" Russian President Vladimir Putin.
    (Reuters, 9/14/14)
2014        Sep 14, In eastern Ukraine two northern neighborhoods in Donetsk were shelled heavily. At least 6 people were killed and 15 others wounded. 73 Ukrainian soldiers were freed in an exchange with the rebels.
    (AP, 9/15/14)

2014        Sep 15, In Ukraine US-led military exercises involving 15 countries began, as fighting rumbled on in the restive east between government forces and pro-Russian rebels in violation of a ceasefire.
    (AFP, 9/15/14)

2014        Sep 16, Ukraine's parliament ratified an agreement to deepen economic and political ties with the EU, and passed legislation to grant autonomy to the rebellious east as part of a peace deal.
    (AP, 9/16/14)
2014        Sep 16, Romania's energy minister said Russia was playing games with gas supplies to cause concerns in EU states, after analysts warned that Moscow could use the flows to retaliate against sanctions imposed over its role in Ukraine.
    (Reuters, 9/16/14)
2014        Sep 16, Slovak gas importer SPP reported a 25 percent reduction in gas supplies from Russia via Ukraine, the biggest drop since a decline in deliveries was first reported last week.
    (Reuters, 9/16/14)

2014        Sep 17, In eastern Ukraine shelling in the rebel-held city of Donetsk killed 2 people and wounded three others.
    (AP, 9/17/14)

2014        Sep 18, Poland said it will create a joint military unit with Lithuania and Ukraine, with its command headquarters in the eastern Polish city of Lublin.
    (Reuters, 9/18/14)
2014        Sep 18, The United States pledged $53 million in fresh aid to Ukraine for its struggle against Russia's incursion, including counter-mortar radar equipment, in a gesture of support for visiting Ukraine Pres. Poroshenko.
    (Reuters, 9/18/14)

2014        Sep 20, The Ukrainian city of Donetsk was rocked by blasts, even as government forces and pro-Russian separatists prepared to create a buffer zone to separate the warring sides. One Ukrainian soldier was killed and seven others were wounded in overnight violence. A nine-point memorandum was signed earlier in the day in the Belarussian capital of Minsk by the separatists and envoys from Moscow and Kiev.
    (Reuters, 9/20/14)

2014        Sep 21, The Ukrainian military accused separatists and Russian troops of continuing to shoot at government forces despite a Sept. 5 ceasefire and said Kiev would not go ahead with setting up a proposed buffer zone until the truce violations stopped.
    (Reuters, 9/21/14)

2014        Sep 22, Ukraine's military said it was pulling back artillery and heavy armor from the front line with separatists, backing President Petro Poroshenko's peace plan for a conflict that has cost more than 3,000 lives.
    (Reuters, 9/22/14)

2014        Sep 23, In eastern Ukraine pro-Russian rebels said they were withdrawing guns and tanks from the frontline under a peace plan forged with Kiev that aims to end five months of conflict.
    (AFP, 9/23/14)

2014        Sep 24, Ukrainian peace efforts stalled after pro-Russian insurgents called their own elections in defiance of a deal under which they and the Ukrainian army began withdrawing heavy weapons after 5 months of war.
    (AFP, 9/24/14)

2014        Sep 25, Ukraine’s President Petro Poroshenko ordered a temporary closure of its porous border with Russia and voiced plans to apply for EU membership in 2020 as part of his ex-Soviet country's Westward shift.
    (AFP, 9/25/14)
2014        Sep 25, Hungary unexpectedly cut off natural gas shipments to Ukraine. Hungary had been sending an estimated 3 million cubic meters of natural gas a day to Ukraine, which has not received any from Russia since June.
    (AP, 9/26/14)

2014        Sep 27, A Ukrainian security official said that one serviceman and one civilian have been killed in the past day as rebels in the east continue attacks despite a cease-fire declared three weeks ago.
    (AP, 9/27/14)

2014        Sep 29, A shaky truce between pro-Russian rebels and the Ukrainian military was challenged when 9 soldiers and 3 civilians were reported killed in a surge of fighting across the separatist east.
    (AFP, 9/29/14)(SFC, 9/29/14, p.A5)
2014        Sep 29, Russia launched a criminal case against "unidentified representatives of Ukraine's senior political and military leadership", National Guard and nationalist organizations, in which it accused them of committing "genocide."
    (Reuters, 9/30/14)

2014        Sep 30, Ukrainian state prosecutors said they have opened a criminal investigation against a Russian law enforcement agency, accusing it of supporting separatist and "terrorist" groups in the east of the country.
    (Reuters, 9/30/14)

2014        Oct 1, Rebels in eastern Ukraine appeared to be successfully closing in on the government-held airport in Donetsk, a strategic victory for the pro-Russian separatists. At least 10 people were killed when shells hit a school playground and a public transit mini-van in a nearby street in Donetsk. City authorities blamed the shelling on the rebels and the separatists blamed it on government forces.
    (AP, 10/1/14)(Reuters, 10/1/14)

2014        Oct 2, In eastern Ukraine pro-Russian insurgents launched a fresh assault on the Donetsk Airport held by isolated Ukrainian forces as a month-old truce came under renewed strain and calls grew for the Kremlin to help halt the bloody revolt.
    (AFP, 10/2/14)

2014        Oct 3, Ukrainian troops and pro-Russian rebels clashed around the flashpoint city of Donetsk, while trading blame over the death last night of Laurent DuPasqiuer (38), a Swiss aid worker. 12 separatists were killed during the attacks on the Donetsk airport. 2 Ukrainian servicemen were also killed.
    (Reuters, 10/3/14)(Reuters, 10/4/14)

2014        Andrey Kurkov authored “Ukraine Diaries: Dispatches from Kiev.” An English translation was made by Sam Taylor.
    (Econ, 8/9/14, p.67)

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