Timeline Vietnam 1974-2015

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1974        Jan 17-1974 Jan 19, China occupied the Paracel Islands following the Battle of Hoang Sea, a bloody skirmish with Vietnam. Dozens of South Vietnamese sailors drowned in a vain attempt to stop Chinaís annexation of the Paracel archipelago.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hoang_Sa)(Econ, 3/31/07, SR p.7)(Econ, 1/18/14, p.40)

1974        Feb 21, A report claimed that the use of defoliants by the U.S. had scarred Vietnam for century. Defoliation was meant to save lives by denying the enemy cover. But for some the 'cure' was worse than the problem.
    (HN, 2/21/98)

1974        Mar 22, The Viet Cong proposed a new truce with the United States and South Vietnam, which included general elections.
    (AP, 3/22/99)

1974        Oct, The Politburo in North Vietnam decided to launch an invasion of South Vietnam in 1975.
    (www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/index-1969.html)

1975        Jan 7, Hanoi troops took Phuoc Binh in new full-scale offensive.
    (HN, 1/7/99)

1975        Jan 8, NVA general staff plan for the invasion of South Vietnam by 20 divisions is approved by North Vietnam's Politburo. By now, the Soviet-supplied North Vietnamese Army is the fifth largest in the world. It anticipates a two year struggle for victory. But in reality, South Vietnam's forces will collapse in only 55 days.
    (www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/index-1969.html)

1975        Mar 10, The final North Vietnamese Army offensive began as 25,000 troops attacked the South Vietnamese town of Ban Me Thout, in the central highlands.
    (www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/index-1969.html)(HN, 3/10/99)

1975        Mar 12, A passenger plane, operated by Air Vietnam, crashed into Vietnamese territory after being hit by a MANPAD, killing 26 passengers and crew.
    (AP, 6/11/13)

1975        Mar 18, South Vietnam abandoned most of the Central Highlands of Vietnam to Hanoi.
    (HN, 3/18/02)

1975        Mar 21, As North Vietnamese forces advanced, Hue and other northern towns in South Vietnam were evacuated.
    (HN, 3/21/98)

1975        Mar 25, Hue was lost and Da Nang was endangered. The U.S. ordered a refugee airlift to remove those in danger. The South Vietnamese army is now in full retreat.
    (HN, 3/24/98)(www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/index-1969.html)

1975        Mar 30, As the North Vietnamese forces moved toward Saigon, desperate South Vietnamese soldiers mobbed rescue jets. Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap masterminded the North Vietnamese victory. Da Nang fell as 100,000 South Vietnamese soldiers surrender after being abandoned by their commanding officers.
    (SFEC, 4/9/00, p.C16)(www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/index-1969.html)

1975        Apr 2, In Oakland, Ca., a World Airways plane landed with 52 Vietnamese orphans as part of Operation Babylift. The Presidio of San Francisco served as an impromptu crossroads for over 1,500 Vietnamese orphans to be sent to American families for adoption.
    (SFC, 4/18/15, p.C1)

1975        Apr 4, The first group of boat people from Vietnam began arriving in Malaysia. More than 1 million people fled from the close of the war to the early 1980s.
    (SFC, 4/17/96, p.A-9)   
1975        Apr 4, Some 155 people, most of them children, were killed when a U.S. Air Force C-5A transport plane evacuating Vietnamese orphans as part of "Operation Babylift" crashed shortly after takeoff from Saigon.144 adults and 76 babies were killed. There were over 170 survivors.
    (AP, 4/4/97)(SFC, 4/3/00, p.A8)

1975        Apr 21, Nguyen Van Thieu, the last South Vietnamese President, resigned after 10 years in office condemning the United States. Thieu resigned and was succeeded by Vice President Tran Van Huong. With the collapse of the Saigon regime imminent, Thieu addressed his nation on April 21, accused the U.S. of breaking its promises of support and military aid, and then resigned.  Huong took control but at the National Assembly meeting on April 27, he named General Duong Van Minh to become president and end the war. On April 30, President Minh announced the unconditional surrender of South Vietnam to the Provisional Revolutionary Government of South Vietnam.
    (AP, 4/21/97)(HN, 4/21/99)(HNQ, 6/5/00)

1975        Apr 25, Former Foreign Minister Vu Van Mau (d.1998 at 84) was named prime minister.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.C3)

1975        Apr 27, Saigon was encircled by North Vietnamese troops. NVA fire rockets into downtown civilian areas as the city erupts into chaos and widespread looting.
    (HN, 4/27/99)(www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/index-1969.html)

1975        Apr 28, Gen. Duong Van Minh was named the interim President of South Vietnam and promised to seek reconciliation with North Vietnam.
    (SFC, 8/8/01, p.A20)

1975        Apr 29, US forces pulled out of Vietnam. The US embassy was evacuated as North Vietnamese forces fought their way into Saigon. Just hours after the last American was lifted out by helicopter from the roof of the embassy, James Reston of the NY Times issued an apologia for the press. NVA shelled Tan Son Nhut air base in Saigon, killing two US Marines at the compound gate. The last C-130A Hercules at Tan Son Nhut Air Base carried 452 people to Thailand. South Vietnamese civilians looted the air base. President Ford ordered Operation Frequent Wind, the helicopter evacuation of 7000 Americans and South Vietnamese from Saigon. At Tan Son Nhut, frantic civilians begin swarming the helicopters. The evacuation then shifted to the walled-in American embassy, secured by US Marines in full combat gear. Thousands of civilians attempted to get into the compound. Three US aircraft carriers stood by off the coast to handle incoming Americans and South Vietnamese refugees. Many South Vietnamese pilots also landed on the carriers, flying American-made helicopters which were then pushed overboard to make room for more arrivals.
    (http://tinyurl.com/gmqh5)(WSJ, 10/5/98, p.A21)(http://tinyurl.com/qerc2wt)
1975        Apr 29, The last four Americans killed in action in Vietnam included two Marines: Lance Corporal Darwin Judge of Marshalltown, Iowa, and Corporal Charles McMahon Jr. of Woburn, Massachusetts, by rocket and artillery bombardment following an air raid on Tan Son Nhut. Two Marine helicopter pilots died when their chopper crashed into the sea near an aircraft carrier taking part in the evacuation: Captain William Craig Nystul of Coronado, California, and First Lieutenant Michael John Shea of El Paso, Texas.
    (www.dixiedavis.com/michaelshea.htm)

1975        Apr 30, The city of Saigon fell to the North Vietnamese and National Liberation Front forces. The last American forces evacuated Saigon as South Vietnam surrendered unconditionally to the Communist North Vietnamese. At 8:35 a.m. the last Americans, ten Marines from the embassy, departed as North Vietnamese troops pour into Saigon and encounter little resistance. By 11 a.m. the Viet Cong flag flew from the presidential palace. President Minh broadcast a message of unconditional surrender. Graham Martin, the US ambassador to South Vietnam, made a hasty departure. The city was renamed Ho Chi Minh City and Nguyen Huu Tho was the first mayor. The war left 58,200 Americans dead, 153,300 wounded, and 2,124 missing in action. The Communists listed 1 million dead, 300,000 missing and 2 million dead civilians. President Gerald Ford, closing a chapter in United States history, called upon Americans "to avoid recriminations about the past, to look ahead to the many goals we share."
    (SFC, 5/10/97, p.A1)(www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/index-1969.html)

1975        May 7, President Ford formally declared an end to the "Vietnam era."
    (AP, 5/7/97)(HN, 5/7/98)
1975        May 7, The Viet Cong staged a rally to celebrate the takeover of Ho Chi Minh City -- formerly Saigon.
    (AP, 5/7/97)(HN, 5/7/98)

1975        Aug 11, The United States vetoed the proposed admission of North and South Vietnam to the United Nations, following the Security Council's refusal to consider South Korea's application.
    (AP, 8/11/97)

1975        The film "The People's War," shot in North Vietnam by Robert Kramer (d.1999 at 60) in 1969, was released in the US. Kramer's work also included the opposition war films "Ice," "In the Country," and "The Edge."
    (SFC, 11/12/99, p.D6)

1975        Upon re-unification Nguyen Huu Tho (1910-1996) was appointed vice-president of Vietnam and served to 1992.
    (SFC, 12/27/96, p.A24)
1975         By the end of the Vietnam war, Vietnamese SA-2 missile effectiveness had been reduced to a kill-ratio of less than 2 percent. Elint (Electronic Intelligence) collected information on and analyzed the strengths and weaknesses of all forms of hostile electronic transmissions. Focusing on the "Fan Song" radar system that acquired targets for and then guided the dreaded SA-2 SAM, Elint was able to identify four key weakness that pilots could use to defeat the missile.
    (HNQ, 11/23/01)
1975        After Saigon fell some 65,000 South Vietnamese were killed as the North Vietnamese overran the south. Thousands of boat people died fleeing the communist regime. An estimated 250,000 South Vietnamese died in re-education camps.
    (WSJ, 4/7/09, p.A13)

1976        Jul 2, North and South Vietnam were officially reunified.
    (HN, 7/2/01)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnam_War)

1976        Aug 6, Thailand and Vietnam established diplomatic relations.
    (WSJ, 3/5/97, p.A16)(www.vietnamembassy.or.th/relations.html)

1976        Sep 13, The United States announced it would veto Vietnam's UN bid.
    (AP, 9/13/98)

1976-1987    Pham Van Dong headed the reunified Vietnam.
    (SFC, 5/3/00, p.A24)

1977        Mar 9, Pres. Carter proposed an end to travel restrictions to Cuba, Vietnam, N. Korea and Cambodia effective as of March 18.
    (www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/print.php?pid=7139)

1977        Mar 18, The Vietnamese "discovered" and returned to the US the remains of Bruce C. Ducat. For eleven years, Ducat, alive or dead, was a prisoner of war.
    (www.pownetwork.org/bios/b/b107.htm)

1977        Jul 20, The UN Security Council voted to admit Vietnam to the world body.
    (AP, 7/20/07)

1977        Dec 31, Cambodia broke relations with Vietnam.
    (HN, 12/31/98)

1977        Gloria Emerson (1929-2004), Vietnam war correspondent, authored ďWinners & Losers: Battles, Retreats, Gains, Losses, and Ruins From a Long War," based on interviews with people involved in the Vietnam War.
    (SFC, 8/6/04, p.B7)
1977        Hun Sen, a Khmer Rouge battalion commander in Cambodia, defected to Vietnam. He became prime minister of Cambodia in 1979.
    (Econ, 11/2/13, p.43)

1978         Jan 3, Vietnamese troops were reported to be occupying 400 square miles in Cambodia. North Vietnamese Army (NVA) troops were using Laos and Cambodia as staging areas for attacks against allied forces.
    (HN, 1/3/02)

1978        Dec 25, Vietnam invaded Cambodia and drove the Khmer Rouge into sanctuaries along the Thai border, finally ending the mass genocide depicted in the 1984 film "The Killing Fields." It was the first full-scale war between the two countries since 1917. 400 people were killed in initial clashes.
    (NG, 5/85, p.574-5)(WSJ, 2/27/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 6/14/97, p.A15)(SFC, 4/30/98, p.A11)

1978        The American film ďGo Tell the Spartans," a low budget work about the Vietnam War, was directed by Ted Post (1918-2013).
    (WSJ, 7/10/98, p.B1)(SSFC, 8/25/13, p.C12)
1978        Gen. Van Tien Dung published "Our Great Spring Victory." He described how the loss of political will in Washington helped shape Hanoi's decisions.
    (WSJ, 10/21/99, p.A20)
1978        Ulysses Grant Sharp Jr. (d.2001 at 95), US Admiral, authored "Strategy for Defeat: Vietnam in Retrospect." He criticized American strategy and believed the war could have been won.
    (SFC, 12/15/01, p.A25)
1978        The Vietnamese government loosened its policy on bourgeois dance after officials visiting Cuba witnessed dancers doing the Cha Cha.
    (WSJ, 4/29/99, p.A24)

1979        Jan 7, The Vietnamese army captured the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh overthrowing the Khmer Rouge government. The People's Party, a Hanoi installed Khmer Rouge faction, took power with Hun Sen as prime minister. This finally ending the mass genocide depicted in the 1984 film "The Killing Fields." The Khmer Rouge retreated into sanctuaries along the Thai border, set up bases and picked up support from Thailand and China.
    (NG, 5/85, p.574-5)(WSJ, 2/27/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 6/14/97, p.A15)(WSJ, 5/3/96, p.A-10)(SFC, 4/29/97, p.A8)(AP, 1/7/98)

1979        Jan 7, The Vietnamese army captured the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh overthrowing the Khmer Rouge government. The Peopleís Party, a Hanoi installed Khmer Rouge faction, took power with Hun Sen as prime minister. This finally ended the mass genocide depicted in the 1984 film "The Killing Fields." The Khmer Rouge retreated into sanctuaries along the Thai border, set up bases and picked up support from Thailand and China.
    (NG, 5/85, p.574-5)(WSJ, 2/27/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 6/14/97, p.A15)(WSJ, 5/3/96, p.A-10)(SFC, 4/29/97, p.A8)(AP, 1/7/98)

1979        Jan 15, The Soviet Union vetoed a United Nations resolution and called for the withdrawal of all Vietnamese troops from Cambodia.
    (HN, 1/15/99)

1979        Feb 17, China invaded Vietnam and began a "pedagogical" war against Vietnam. China completed its withdrawal on March 19. In Chinaís border war with Vietnam deputy commander Zhang Wannian led a victorious division offensive in the battle of Liang Shan.
    (www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/prc-vietnam.htm)(SFC, 9/18/97, p.C2)

1979        Mar 6, Chinese forces occupied the city of Lang Son. They claimed the gate to Hanoi was open, declared their punitive mission achieved, and withdrew quickly.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sino-Vietnamese_War)

1979        Jul 16, Nguyen Chi Thien (d.2012), Vietnamese poet, managed to pass 400 of his poems to the British ambassador in Hanoi before being arrested. They were later published as ďFlowers of Hell" and won for him the Intíl. Poetry Award in 1985.
    (Economist, 10/13/12, p.114)

1979        Nov 24, U.S. admitted that thousands of troops in Vietnam were exposed to the toxic Agent Orange.
    (HN, 11/24/98)

1980-1991    Nguyen Co Thach (d.1998 at 75) served as the foreign minister of Vietnam.
    (SFC, 4/13/98, p.C3)

1981        Hoang Dang, Vietnamese artist, painted his A Corner of the Fish Market.
    (SFC, 5/19/96, DB, p.15)

1982        Thich Nhat Hanh, Vietnamese Zen master, founded Plum Village, a Buddhist community in southern France.
    (SFC, 10/12/97, Z1 p.3)

1982        Retired Gen. William Westmoreland (1914-2005) filed a $120 million libel suit against CBS News for its documentary ďThe Uncounted Enemy: A Vietnam Deception." The documentary charged that Westmoreland had directed a conspiracy to suppress and alter critical intelligence on the enemy in 1967 and 1968 in order to deceive Americans into believing the war in Vietnam was being won. The suit was settled out of court and CBS acknowledged that the documentary was seriously flawed.
    (SFC, 7/19/05, p.B5)

1983        Stanley Karnow published "Vietnam: A History."
    (SFC, 5/11/99, p.A19)

1983        PBS first showed the 13-hour series "Vietnam: A Television History" in the US. It won every award in TV. It was rebroadcast in 1989 and 1997. The 6-year work was produced by Richard Ellison (1924-2004).
    (SFC, 10/12/04, p.B8)(SFC, 5/26/97, p.B1)

1983        Gen. Duong Van Minh (d.2001), the President of South Vietnam in April 1975, was allowed to emigrate to France.
    (SFC, 8/8/01, p.A20)

1984        Apr, Chinese launched renewed attacks against Vietnam.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sino-Vietnamese_War)

1985        Jan 7, Vietnam seized the Khmer National Liberation Front headquarters near the Thai border.
    (HN, 1/7/99)

1985        Feb 14, Hanoi troops surrounded the main Khmer Rouge base at Phnom Malai, Cambodia.
    (HN, 2/14/98)

1985        Vietnam installed Hun Sen as prime minister of Cambodia.
    (Econ, 11/15/14, p.86)

1986        Duong Thu Huong, dissident author, wrote her 1st novel "Beyond Illusions," set in Hanoi. She later authored "Novel Without a Name" and Memories of a Pure Spring." In 1991 she was imprisoned for 7 months.
    (SSFC, 2/10/02, p.M4)

1986        Douglas Eugene Pike (d.2002 at 77), former US State Dept. officer, authored "PAVN: People's Army of Vietnam" a study of the North Vietnamese Army. In 1966 he authored "Viet Cong."
    (SFC, 5/18/02, p.A22)

1986        Vietnam introduced doi moi (renovation), a policy of economic renovation, that sparked massive economic change. It gradually shifted the centrally planned economy to a market economy.
    (SFEM, 6/9/96, p.9)(NG, May, 04, p.96)(SFC, 5/30/06, p.C1)

1986-1991    Nguyen Van Linh (d.1998) served as the Communist party general-secretary. He urged free-market policies and wrote a newspaper column titled "Things That Must Be Done Immediately." He ended collective farming and loosened government controls over state factories. He ended the decade long occupation of Cambodia and normalized relations with China.
    (SFC, 4/28/98, p.A16)

1987        Thich Nhat Hanh, Vietnamese Zen master, published "Being Peace," the first of his 35 books and tapes.
    (SFC, 10/12/97, Z1 p.3)

1987        By this year China had stationed nine armies (approximately 400,000 troops) in the Sino-Vietnamese border region, including one along the coast. It had also increased its landing craft fleet and was periodically staging amphibious landing exercises off Hainan Island, across from Vietnam, thereby demonstrating that a future attack might come from the sea.
    (www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/prc-vietnam.htm)

1988        Vietnam began letting US military search teams into the countryside to look for the remains missing US servicemen.
    (SFC, 5/25/98, p.A4)
1988        Chinese troops killed over 70 Vietnamese sailors in clashes over the Spratly Islands.
    (Econ, 5/22/04, p.40)(Econ, 10/22/11, p.53)
1988        Vietnamís exports totaled about $1 billion. In 2004 exports reached $30 billion.
    (SFC, 5/30/06, p.C1)

1989        Sep 26, The last Vietnamese soldiers left Cambodia. Vietnam withdrew the last of 26,000 troops.
    (SFC, 6/14/97, p.A15)(PC, 1992 ed, p.1113)

1989        Dec 12, Amid international criticism, Britain forcibly removed 51 Vietnamese from Hong Kong and returned them to their homeland.
    (AP, 12/12/99)

1990        Oct 13, Le Duc Tho, co-founder of the Vietnamese Communist Party, died in Hanoi at age 79. He was the 1975 North Vietnamese negotiator in Paris.
    (AP, 10/13/00)(MC, 10/13/01)

1990        Dec 14, In Hong Kong 10 Vietnamese boat people set fire to themselves to protest screening policy that could prevent them from settling in the West.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1990        The 1st case of AIDS was reported in Vietnam.
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A15)

1991        Nov 9, Police in Hong Kong forcibly repatriated 59 Vietnamese boat people, carrying them onto a transport plane.
    (AP, 11/9/01)

1991        Pham Dai, an artist from Hue, produced an ink painting: Flocks of Wicked Birds. He adopts the pictorial language of surrealism in depicting crazed raptors as figures for human evil.
    (SFC, 6/8/96, p.E3)
1991        China and Vietnam normalized relations.
    (Econ, 8/16/14, p.33)

1992        Apr 15, Vietnam adopted a new constitution. It was updated in 2001.
    (http://tinyurl.com/l5r8wqd)(Econ, 10/26/13, p.52)

1992        Sep, In Vietnam Ly Tong hijacked a Vietnam airlines jet from Thailand and dropped 50,000 anti-government leaflets over Ho Chi Minh City. He parachuted down and was arrested. He was released in a 1998 amnesty.
    (SFC, 9/2/98, p.A9)

1992        Nov 17, Sens. John Kerry of Massachusetts, Tom Daschle of South Dakota and Hank Brown of Colorado made an unprecedented tour of Vietnam's military headquarters but found nothing to substantiate reports of American prisoners sighted there after the Vietnam War.
    (AP, 11/17/97)

1992        Dec 14, Easing a 17-year trade embargo, the United States allowed its companies to sign contracts in Vietnam.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1992        The Asian Development Bank began building and improving transport and telecom links between China, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam.
    (Econ, 11/8/03, p.42)
1992        The Greater Mekong Subregion was created grouping 5 South-East Asian countries (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam) and 2 Chinese provinces.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greater_Mekong_Subregion)(Econ, 2/6/10, p.48)

1992-1993    Nguyen Dinh Huy founded the "Movement to Unite the People and Build Democracy" after 7 years in prison for opposing communist rule. He was arrested 6 months after release and was tried in 1995 and convicted of subversion.
    (SFC, 1/20/98, p.A17)

1993        Oct 2, In Son La, Vietnam, 53 members of the Thai minority died in a mass suicide organized by Ca Van Lieng, leader of a doomsday cult.
    (SFC, 3/27/97, p.A19)

1993        Vietnam gave many farmers 20-year usage rights on farmland. By 2013 many local officials were seizing farmland for development projects.
    (Econ, 3/16/13, p.42)
1993        Vietnamese border crossings with China were opened for trade.
    (SFC, 12/14/98, p.A12)
1993        Jimmy Tran was sentenced to 20 years in prison for plotting to explode bombs in Ho Chi Minh City. He was released in a 1998 amnesty.
    (SFC, 9/2/98, p.A9)

1993-2004    The proportion of Vietnamís population that the government deemed poor fell from 58% in 1993 to 20% in 2004.
    (Econ, 11/26/05, p.49)

1994        Jan 27, The US Senate passed a non-binding resolution, 62-38, calling on the Clinton administration to lift the U.S. trade embargo against Vietnam.
    (AP, 1/27/04)

1994        Feb 3, President Clinton lifted the 19-year-old U.S. trade embargo against Vietnam.
    (SFC, 12/26/98, p.A9)(AP, 2/3/99)

1994        In Vietnam worker strikes were made legal.
    (SFC, 6/23/97, p.A10)
1994        Ha Long Bay, Vietnam, was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
    (SFEC, 7/18/99, p.T1)

1994        In California Paul DeCillis, Vietnam war veteran, donated his collection of over 800 books and 650 videotapes on the Vietnam War to DeAnza Community College in Cupertino.
    (SFC, 2/12/98, p.A19)

1994        Ha Long Bay was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
    (SFEC, 7/18/99, p.T1)

1994        Laos signed a bilateral Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation with Vietnam.
    (AFP, 10/10/06)

1995        Apr 5, The Mekong Agreement created the Mekong River Commission with Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam as members.
    (Econ, 1/7/12, p.34)(www.kellnielsen.dk/mekong/agreem.htm)

1995        Apr 10, In Vietnam San Francisco Mayor Frank Jordan and Chairman Truong Tan Sang of Ho Chi Minh Peopleís Committee signed an Agreement on Friendship Affiliation.
    (SFC, 7/14/15, p.A3)

1995        Apr 30, More than 10,000 soldiers, students and children in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, celebrated the 20th anniversary of the end of the war.
    (AP, 4/30/00)

1995        Jul 11, Full diplomatic relations were established between the United States and Vietnam following an order by Pres. Clinton.
    (SFEM, 6/9/96, p.9)(HN, 7/11/98)(SSFC, 8/24/03, p.I6)

1995        Jul 28, Vietnam joined the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. ASEAN was established in Bangkok by the five original Member Countries, namely, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. 
    (www.aseansec.org/64.htm)

1995        Aug 5, Secretary of State Warren Christopher arrived in Hanoi, Vietnam, to "build a bridge of cooperation." Christopher was the first US secretary of state to visit Vietnam since the war and the first ever to go to Hanoi.
    (AP, 8/5/00)

1995        The Vietnam Social Security Fund was created. In 2013 the Intíl. Labor Organization warned that without reform the fund would run a deficit by 2021 and run dry by 2034.
    (Econ, 5/16/15, p.35)

1996        Mar, In Vietnam the first new bowling alley opened in Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon) in District 10.
    (WSJ, 8/29/96, p.A8)

1996        Jun 11, Vietnamís Deputy Foreign Minister Le Mai (1940-1996) died. He was a junior member of the team that negotiated US withdrawal in 1973 and chief architect of the recent campaign for diplomatic relations with the US.   
    (SFC, 6/13/96, p.A25)

1996        Jun 28, Vietnamís PM Vo Van Kiet, Party General Secretary Do Muoi and President Le Duc Anh were expected to stay put amidst rumors of leadership changes.
    (WSJ, 6/28/96, p.A6)

1996        Jun, The Vietnamese trade deficit for the first half of the year was projected to total $1.77 bil.
    (WSJ, 6/4/96, p.A18)

1996        Aug 21, In Vietnam the Red River flooded to its worst level since 1971 and hundreds were forced to evacuate.
    (SFC, 8/22/96, p.E3)

1996        Oct, The Vietnamese government introduced the death penalty for corruption cases that involved serious losses to the state.
    (SFC, 2/1/97, p.A13)

1996        Nov 11, Phan Thi Kim Phuc laid a wreath at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington. John Plummer, Vietnam era helicopter pilot, met with Phan Thi Kim at the Vietnam Memorial in Washington in reconciliation. Phan Thi Kim had suffered severe napalm burns after a napalm bombing of her village in Jun 1972.
    (SFC, 11/12/96, p.A3)(SFEC, 4/13/97, p.A1,12)(AP, 11/11/01)

1996        It was reported that deaths in Vietnam from land mines, unexploded bombs and artillery shells totaled 38,248 in the 1st 23 years following the end of the war.
    (SFEC, 9/5/99, p.A12)

1997        Jan 6, It was reported that Vietnamís national Post and Telecommunications "108" information service responded to citizens questions. Operators handled about 250 calls per day and the service costs about 2.7 US cents.
    (WSJ, 1/6/97, p.B1)

1997        Jan 31, In Vietnam a Communist Party member and three associates were sentenced to death after being convicted of bribery, embezzlement and gambling. They were responsible for losses of $27 million at the state-run Tamexco import-export company.
    (SFC, 2/1/97, p.A13)

1997        Mar 10, Vietnam agreed to repay the US millions of dollars in debts incurred by the former South Vietnam. The debts were currently worth $140 mil.
    (SFC, 3/11/97, p.A11)

1997        Apr 9, A War-era bomb exploded on the grounds of a school in central Vietnam and killed 7 children. A teacher and 33 other children were wounded.
    (WSJ, 4/10/97, p.A12)

1997        May 14, In Vietnam the Supreme Peopleís Court sentenced 8 state police officials to death after convicting them of drug smuggling.
    (SFC, 5/15/97, p.A13)

1997        May 31, The 7-member ASEAN alliance, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, met in Kuala Lumpur and agreed to allow Burma to become a member in July. Laos and Cambodia were also to be admitted. The members were Thailand, Singapore, the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei and Vietnam.
    (SFEC, 6/1/97, p.D3)

1997        Jun 23, From Vietnam it was reported that worker strikes were increasing in factories controlled by foreign investors. The minimum wage in shoe factories that produce Adidas, Fila, Nike and All-Star shoes was about .20 cents an hour.
    (SFC, 6/23/97, p.A10)

1997        Jun 27, The US announced agreements with Vietnam to expand ties.
    (SFC, 6/28/97, p.A11)

1997        Jul 31, Bao Dai (85), former emperor of Annam [now Vietnam] and chief of state of French Indochina, died in France.
    (SFC, 8/2/97, p.A21)(MC, 7/31/02)

1997        Sep 3, In Cambodia a Vietnam  Airlines, Tupelov 134, Soviet jet crashed on approach to Phnom Penh airport and killed 65 people. One child, 1-year-old Chanayuth Nim-Anong, survived. A 2nd child about 4 also survived.
    (WSJ, 9/3/97, p.A1)(SFC, 9/4/97, p.A12)(SFC, 9/5/97, p.A12)

1997        Sep 17, In Vietnam Tran Duc Luong (60) was nominated to be the countryís president. Vice Prime Minister Phan Van Khai (64) was nominated to be the new prime minister. A week later Luong was elected by the National Assembly and Khai was confirmed as premier.
    (SFC, 9/18/97, p.A11)(WSJ, 9/25/97, p.A1)

1997        Oct 13, In Vietnam journalist Nguyen Hoang Linh of the business newspaper Enterprise, was arrested on charges of revealing state secrets. He had been investigating government corruption.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A12)

1997        Nov 3, In Vietnam typhoon Linda swept across the south and left almost 100 people dead. As many as a thousand were missing in fishing boats. The death toll reached at least 3,406.
    (SFC,11/4/97, p.A8)(SFC,11/5/97, p.A14)(WSJ, 11/14/97, p.A1)

1997        Nov 25, President Clinton and Pacific Rim leaders meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia, approved a rescue strategy for Asian economies shaken by plunging currencies, bank failures and bankruptcies. The 2-day APEC summit in Vancouver closed and leaders agreed to an IMF bailout plan. Forum leaders also agreed to admit Russia, Vietnam and Peru into the organization as of 1998.
    (SFC,11/26/97, p.C2)(HN, 11/25/98)

1997        Dec 11, From Vietnam it was reported that 56 people have died of dengue fever in southern Kien Giang province following Typhoon Linda.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.C7)

1997        Dec 30, Hardline Gen'l. Le Kha Phieu (66) replaced Do Muoi as the general secretary of the communist party, the country's top leader.
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A8)

1997        The book "Requiem: By the Photographers Who Died in Vietnam and Indochina" was compiled by photojournalists Tim Page and Horst Faas.
    (SFC, 5/27/00, p.A1)

1997        In Vietnam about 55 million rats were killed this year.
    (SFC, 3/11/98, p.A10)

1998        Apr 24, From Vietnam it was reported that 14 attacks had recently occurred on children aged 3-14 riding on the backs of motor scooters, caused by a slasher riding a Vina Suzuki scooter.
    (SFC, 4/24/98, p.A12)

1998        Apr, Injuries in Vietnam from land mines, unexploded bombs and artillery shells totaled 60,064 since the end of the war.
    (SFEC, 9/5/99, p.A12)

1998        Aug 7, Vietnam devalued its currency 7%.
    (WSJ, 8/10/98, p.A10)

1998        Sep 1, Vietnam freed 5,000 inmates.
    (SFC, 9/2/98, p.A9)

1998        Oct, A 5-year study by a Canadian government research group found high levels of dioxin in the soil, fish and animal tissue, and the blood of people born after the war in the Aluoi Valley in central Quang Tri province of Vietnam.
    (SFEC, 5/16/99, p.A20)

1998        Nov 11, It was reported that Pfizer and the Edna McConnell Clark Foundation initiated a $66 million effort to attack trachoma, a disease of the eye caused by chlamydia. A one-gram dose of zithromax given once a year would treat the disease. Focus was to be on Ghana, Mali, Morocco, Tanzania and Vietnam.
    (SFC, 11/11/98, p.D6)

1998        Dec 15, The 2-day ASEAN summit opened in Hanoi. Cambodia was admitted informally.
    (WSJ, 12/16/98, p.A19)

1998        Dec 16, In Hanoi  the ASEAN nations approved the "Hanoi Action Plan," a 34-point declaration that emphasized economic recovery based on free-market policies.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.C6)

1998        Dec 26, In Vietnam it was reported that foreign investment had dropped 46% this year due to difficult business conditions that included a "nightmarish bureaucracy," inefficient dual-pricing, and partnerships that placed total risk on foreign investors.
    (SFC, 12/26/98, p.A9)

1998        Edward A. Gargan made a trip downriver on the Mekong and in 2002 authored "The River's Tale: A Year on the Mekong.
    (SSFC, 5/12/02, p.C7)

1998        Karin Muller published "Hitchhiking Vietnam: A Woman's Solo Journey in an Elusive Land."
    (SFEC, 9/6/98, BR p.7)

1998        Jeffrey Record published his book: "The Wrong War," based on the premise that the Vietnam war was unwinable.
    (WSJ, 6/22/99, p.A24)

1998        The documentary film "Regret to Inform" by Barbara Sonneborn was about the effects of the Vietnam War on American and Vietnamese war widows.
    (SFEC, 11/1/98, DB p.48)

1998-2001    UNICEF reported that at least 60,000 Vietnamese women were trafficked into Chinaís Guangxi Zhuong autonomous region during this period.
    (SSFC, 8/21/05, p.B6)

1999        Feb 26, The $64 million, colonial-style, Hilton Hanoi Opera Hotel opened.
    (WSJ, 2/25/99, p.B1)

1999        May 10, In Vietnam a huge corruption trial began against 77 defendants, who included powerful bankers and business executives. The charges involved a shell game where the Minh Phung and Epco companies colluded with bankers to obtain huge loans with phony collateral. The scheme was said to have cost the government up to $280 million.
    (SFC, 5/25/99, p.A7)

1999        Jul 16, A photograph of a Javan rhinoceros of Vietnam, thought to have been extinct, was made public. Only 6-8 were believed to be alive.
    (SFC, 7/17/99, p.A6)

1999        Jul 25, The US and Vietnam agreed to normalize relations after 3 years of negotiations. Commercial ties were expected to follow.
    (SFC, 7/26/99, p.A8)

1999        Sep 7, In Vietnam Madeleine Albright commissioned the new US consulate in Ho Chi Minh City.
    (WSJ, 9/8/99, p.A1)

1999        Nov 3, In Vietnam storms caused massive flooding in Quang Nam province and 150,000 homes were under water. The Citadel at Hue was under 10 feet of water.
    (SFC, 11/4/99, p.A18)

1999        Nov 4, The death toll from flooding in Vietnam rose to 225.
    (SFC, 11/5/99, p.A17)

1999        Nov 7, Continued heavy rain in central Vietnam caused more flooding and the death toll rose to over 450.
    (SFC, 11/8/99, p.A12)

1999        Nov 19, It was reported that the work week was being cut from 48 to 40 hours per week in Vietnam.
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.A19)

1999        Nov, The worst flooding in a century in central Vietnam killed 592 people with damages estimated at $235 million.
    (SFC, 10/25/01, p.C2)

1999        Dec 5, In Vietnam 4 days of rain caused flooding that left 109 people dead.
    (SFC, 12/6/99, p.A14)(SFC, 12/7/99, p.B3)

1999        Michael Lind published "Vietnam: The Necessary War."
    (WSJ, 10/21/99, p.A20)

1999        Andres X. Pham authored "Catfish and Mandala: A Two-Wheeled Voyage Through the Landscape and Memory of Vietnam."
    (SFEC, 11/28/99, BR p.3)

1999        Richard H. Shultz Jr. authored "The Secret War Against Hanoi."
    (SFC, 11/5/99, p.D4)

1999        Lewis Sorley published his book: "A Better War: The Unexamined Victories and Final Tragedy of America's Last Years in Vietnam" in which he argues that the US won the war but failed to support South Vietnam after the Paris Peace Accords.
    (WSJ, 6/22/99, p.A24)

2000        Feb 18, Vietnamís government announced plans for a 1,000 mile, $375 million road from Ha Tay to Ho Chi Minh City along the old Ho Chi Minh Trail.
    (SFC, 2/19/00, p.C1)

2000        Apr 24, Nguyen Thi Hiep, arrested in 1996 for drug smuggling, was executed in Vietnam. The execution prompted Canada to suspend contacts and meetings for development aid.
    (SFC, 5/2/00, p.A10)

2000        Apr 29, In Vietnam Pham Van Dong (94), former revolutionary and prime minister, died.
    (SFC, 5/3/00, p.A24)

2000        Jul 13, It was reported that the US and Vietnam had completed a trade agreement for generally unfettered commerce between the two countries.
    (SFC, 7/13/00, p.A12)

2000        Jul 20, The Stock Trading Center of Vietnam (STC), located in Ho Chi Minh City, was officially inaugurated. Trading commenced on July 28, 2000.
    (http://chinese-school.netfirms.com/abacus-stocks-Vietnam-stock-exchange.html)

2000        Jul, The Vietnamese government inaugurated the $1.8 million Saigon Software Park building with 25 high-tech companies.
    (SFC, 3/13/01, p.A18)

2000        Aug 18, It was reported in Vietnam that the former Ho Chi Minh Trail, known as Highway 14 from Hanoi to Ho Chi Minh City, was being expanded in a 4-year project at a cost of $400 million to become the Ho Chi Minh Highway.
    (SFC, 8/18/00, p.D2)

2000        Aug, Tropical Storm Kaemi was responsible for 14 deaths in central Vietnam.
    (SFC, 8/26/00, p.A20)

2000        Sep 1, The mandatory use of helmets became effective in Vietnam. An estimated 20 people per day were being killed on the nation's highway system. 80% of the victims rode 125-cc motorcycles.
    (SFEC, 9/17/00, p.A10)

2000        Sep 14, In Cambodia and Vietnam the Mekong River flooded. At least 89 people had died in Cambodia and 8 in Vietnam since the floods began in July.
    (SFC, 9/15/00, p.A18)

2000        Oct, Flooding in the Mekong Delta, the worst in 40 years, killed close to 500 people.
    (SFC, 10/25/01, p.C2)

2000        Nov 16, Pres. Clinton arrived in Hanoi, Vietnam, to develop economic and political ties.
    (SFC, 11/16/00, p.A14)(SFC, 11/17/00, p.A1)

2000        Nov 17, The Clinton family was warmly received in Hanoi, Vietnam.
    (SFC, 11/18/00, p.A1)

2000        Vietnam introduced a liberal companies law. Over the next 3 years 54,000 private businesses sprang up.
    (Econ, 4/17/04, p.63)

2000        Vietnam served as the chair of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.
    (SFC, 11/17/00, p.A14)

2001        Jan, The state announced the 'Ho Chi Minh Road of the 21st Century" program. It aimed to have 1.6 million Internet users online by 2005. Current users numbered about 113,000.
    (SFC, 3/13/01, p.A18)

2001        Feb 19, In Vietnam a rare earthquake, magnitude 5.3, hit Dien Bien Phu.
    (SFC, 2/21/01, p.A14)

2001        Feb, In Vietnam some 20,000 Montagnards, members of mostly Christian hill tribes, participated in protests against state land confiscations in the highland cities Buon Ma Thuot, Pleiku and Kontum. Many were then forced to seek refuge in Cambodia. Dozens were later imprisoned for organizing illegal migration.
    (SFC, 6/26/01, p.A8)(SFC, 12/28/02, p.A12)

2001        Apr 7, A Russian-made M-17 helicopter carrying a team searching for American MIAs crashed and all aboard were reported killed. Rescuers recovered the bodies of 9 Vietnamese and 7 Americans the next day.
    (SSFC, 4/8/01, p.C2)(SFC, 4/9/01, p.A7)

2001        Apr 17, In Vietnam Sec. Gen. Le Kha Phieu was removed from office by the 150-member Central Committee due to disenchantment with his conservative style. Nong Duc Manh of the ethnic Tay minority was expected to succeed.
    (SFC, 4/18/01, p.A12)

2001        Apr 22, Nong Duc Manh (60), rumored to be the illegitimate son of Ho Chi Minh, was elected Vietnamese general secretary.
    (WSJ, 4/23/01, p.A1)

2001        Jul 5, Flooding from Typhoon Durian killed 25 people in Vietnam.
    (WSJ, 7/6/01, p.A1)

2001        Sep 22, Nguyen Ton Hoan, former deputy premier of South Vietnam, died in Mountain View, Ca., at age 84.
    (SFC, 9/27/01, p.C2)

2001        Sep 29, Nguyen Van Thieu (b.1923), former President of South Vietnam, died in Boston.
    (AP, 9/29/02)(NW, 12/31/01, p.107)

2001        Oct 24, Deaths from flooding in Central Vietnam reached 341 and included at least 250 children.
    (SFC, 10/25/01, p.C2)

2001        Nov 12, Typhoon Lingling hit Vietnam. 18 people were reported killed and 12,000 were left homeless.
    (SFC, 11/13/01, p.A14)(SFC, 11/17/01, p.A24)

2001        Vietnam and the US signed a bilateral trade agreement.
    (Econ, 6/25/05, p.34)

2001        Vietnam banned abortions on the basis of fetal sex.
    (Econ, 12/3/05, p.42)

2001        Gen. Duong Van Minh, the President of South Vietnam in April 1975, died at age 86 in Pasadena, Ca.
    (SFC, 8/8/01, p.A20)

2002        Jan 1, It was reported that the number of Vietnamese AIDS cases, people living with HIV, had reached 40,000. 12-18k new cases were predicted for the coming years.
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A15)

2002        Jan 6, It was reported that 94% of Vietnam's population is literate.
    (SSFC, 1/6/02, p.C8)

2002        Jan 20, It was reported that 4 of the world's most endangered primates were endemic to Vietnam: the Tonkin snub-nosed langur (~200), Delacour's langur (~200), the Gray-shanked couc langur (~6) and the Golden-headed langur (~55).
    (SSFC, 1/20/02, p.A16)

2002        Mar 3, In Hanoi a 3-day US-Vietnamese conference on Agent Orange began. High dioxin levels were found in people 30 years after spraying ended.
    (SSFC, 3/3/02, p.A11)

2002        Mar 17, Gen. Van Tien Dung (84), commander of the North Vietnamese forces that captured Saigon in 1975, died.
    (SFC, 3/20/02, p.A25)

2002        Apr 20, In Vietnam a fire, raging for weeks, was reported to have destroyed half of U Minh National Park in Kien Giang province. Extended drought was blamed.
    (SFC, 4/20/02, p.A24)

2002        Apr 22, Vietnamese groups planned demonstrations in over 20 cities to protest the recent ceding of some 800 miles of land and water on the northern border of Vietnam to China without public input.
    (SSFC, 4/21/02, p.A24)

2002        May 19, Vietnam claimed almost 100% turnout in the mandatory single party national elections. All 759 candidates were approved by the Fatherland Front.
    (SFC, 5/20/02, p.A7)

2002        Jul 25, In Vietnam the National Assembly approved a 2nd term for PM Phan Van Khai (68).
    (SFC, 7/26/02, p.A17)

2002        Aug 30, Floodwaters along the lower stretches of the Mekong have wreaked havoc in Laos, Cambodia (18), Thailand (12) and Vietnam (25), claiming at least 55 lives and leaving thousands homeless across the region.
    (AP, 8/30/02)

2002        Sep 18, The World Bank reported that the Vietnamese natural environment, which supports one of the world's most biologically diverse ecosystems, has deteriorated rapidly over the past 10 years.
    (AP, 9/18/02)

2002        Oct 29, In Vietnam at least 60 people were killed, including 22 linked to American International Assurance (AIA), when fire engulfed a commercial building in Ho Chi Minh City, state media and officials.
    (Reuters, 10/30/02)

2002        Nov 4, China signed a landmark agreement, ďDeclaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea," with ASEAN (Brunei, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam) on avoiding open conflict in the disputed South China Sea Spratly Islands. Indonesia objected and Taiwan was barred from signing.
    (Reuters, 11/4/02)(Econ, 5/22/04, p.40)(www.aseansec.org/13163.htm)

2002        Nov 24, The government of Vietnam estimated AIDS at 107,000 cases and pointed to the estimated 40,000 prostitutes as the chief source. AIDS workers said 70% of the infected were drug users and claimed 200,000 cases.
    (SSFC, 11/24/02, p.A3)

2002        The documentary film ďDaughter from Danang" was created by Gail Dolgin (d.2010 at 65). The film was about the reunion of an Asian American woman and her mother in Vietnam, separated in the 1975 ďOperation Babylift."
    (SFC, 10/22/10, p.D9)

2003        Apr 2, Vietnam's PM Phan Van Khai spoke with Thich Huyen Quang, the leader of a banned Buddhist church, about religious freedoms. Quang has been under house arrest in 1982.
    (AP, 4/3/03)

2003        Apr 19, Hong Kong reported 12 SARS patients died in a single day. Malaysia banned workers from Vietnam, which considered sealing its border with China due to the disease.
    (AP, 4/19/03)

2003        May 2, In Vietnam an aging Russian-made bus, carrying more than 40 passengers,  burst into flames. 6 people died and 70 were badly burned. Flammable cargo was suspected.
    (AP, 5/3/03)

2003        Jun 4, In Vietnam Truong Van Cam, reputed underworld boss, was found guilty of 7 crimes. 154 alleged associates included high-ranking government officials. He was sentenced to death the next day.
    (SFC, 6/5/03, p.A3)

2003        Aug 15, The World Bank said it is lending Vietnam $100 million over the next 3 years to support reforms, reduce poverty, develop a market economy and help devise a modern legal system.
    (AP, 8/15/03)

2003        Aug, Vietnam took possession of the 1st of 4 new Boeing 777-200 ER jetliners purchased in part with a loan from the Export-Import Bank of the US.
    (SSFC, 8/24/03, p.I6)

2003        Sep 29, Vietnam refused to recognize  Archbishop Jean-Baptiste Pham Minh Man, Pope John Paul II's new appointment, as the new cardinal for Ho Chi Minh City.
    (AP, 9/29/03)

2003        Oct 8, Vietnam and the United States tentatively agreed to allow the first commercial flights between the two countries since the end of the Vietnam War.
    (AP, 10/8/03)

2003        Nov 13, In central Vietnam Tropical Storm Nepartak triggered floods and landslides that killed at least 49 people.
    (AP, 11/15/03)

2003        Nov 19, An American guided missile frigate sailed into Ho Chi Minh City flying the US and Vietnamese flags, becoming the first US warship to dock in the communist country since the Vietnam War.
    (AP, 11/19/03)

2003        Dec 31, Vietnam sentenced Nguyen Vu Binh (35) to 7 years in jai and 3 years house arrest for writing an article in 2002 that circulated on the Internet criticizing a border agreement between Vietnam and China.
    (SFC, 12/31/03, p.A3)

2004        Jan 30, It was reported that Vietnamese victims of Agent Orange had filed their 1st suit against the US companies that produced the toxic defoliant used by American forces during the Vietnam War.
    (AP, 2/4/04)

2004        Apr 10, In Vietnam's troubled Central Highlands province of Daklak ethnic minority villagers protested over religion and land issues.
    (AP, 4/10/04)

2004        Apr 30, In southern Vietnam a tourist boat carrying about 130 passengers sank off the coast. Authorities recovered 22 bodies, including one 8-year-old boy.
    (AP, 5/1/04)

2004        Jun 3, Nam Cam (Truong Van Cam, 57), an alleged Vietnamese crime "godfather," and four of his gangster colleagues were executed by firing squad after being convicted in a major crackdown on crime that is said to have reached into the ruling Communist Party.
    (AP, 6/3/04)

2004        Jun 14, Typhoon Chanthu killed 7 people and left seven more missing when it swept through central Vietnam over the weekend.
    (AP, 6/14/04)

2004        Jun 21, Vietnam's central bank said it has given approval to the US-based Far East National Bank to open a branch in Ho Chi Minh City, the 3rd US bank branched in Vietnam.
    (AP, 6/21/04)

2004        Jul 28, The second wave in the biggest mass defection of North Koreans to South Korea arrived on a flight from Vietnam, bringing the total in the two-day airlift to nearly 460.
    (WSJ, 7/27/04, p.A1)(AP, 7/28/04)

2004        Aug 26, In northern Vietnam a boat capsized in heavy winds on a river, killing 16 people.
    (AP, 8/28/04)

2004        Oct 4, It was reported that Vietnam had embarked on a major overhaul of its debt-laden companies as it opens up its economy.
    (WSJ, 10/4/04, p.A15)

2004        Dec 9, United Airlines was scheduled to begin service to Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
    (SFC, 7/23/04, p.C1)

2004        Dec 10, A US passenger jet, United Flight 869, landed in Vietnam, the first since the Vietnam War ended nearly 30 years ago.
    (AP, 12/10/04)

2004        Vietnamís exports reached $30 billion, up from $1 billion in 1988.
    (SFC, 5/30/06, p.C1)

2005        Jan 1, Vietnam was forecast for 6.8% annual GDP growth with a population at 83.7 million and GDP per head at $560.
    (Econ, 1/1/05, p.92)

2005        Feb 16, Vietnam banned all poultry raising in the southern business capital of Ho Chi Minh City this year to limit the risk of bird flu transmitting to humans.
    (AP, 2/16/05)

2005        Feb, Vietnam signed an agreement with the World Society for the Protection of Animals to phase out its bear bile farms, where an estimated 3,000 bears were held for their bile. In China an estimated 7,000 caged bears were milked for their bile.
    (SFC, 4/25/05, p.A8)

2005        Mar 12, In central Vietnam an express passenger train derailed, killing at least 11 people and injuring some 200.
    (Reuters, 3/12/05)

2005        Mar 25, Cambodia and Vietnam each confirmed an additional death from bird flu, raising Southeast Asia's death toll to 48.
    (AP, 3/25/05)

2005        Apr 20, Oxfam reported that Vietnamís Red River was at its lowest point for 100 years, and if the drought persisted beyond May then significant numbers of people will need food aid.
    (www.oxfam.org.uk/what_we_do/emergencies/country/eastasia/)

2005        Apr 21, In Vietnam 31 war veterans including 14 women and a driver were killed in a bus crash while en route to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the end of the Vietnam War.
    (AP, 4/21/05)(WSJ, 4/22/05, p.A1)

2005        May 17, In Vietnam an international consortium led by French group Technip signed a 1.5-billion-dollar deal to build Vietnam's first oil refinery.
    (AP, 5/17/05)

2005        May 25, Steve Mason (65), considered the poet laureate of the Vietnam War, died in Ashland, Ore. His books included ďJohnnyís Song: Poetry of a Vietnam Veteran" (1986).
    (SFC, 5/31/05, p.B4)

2005        Jun 15, Vietnam reported 6 new cases of bird flu in the past week.
    (WSJ, 6/15/05, p.A15)

2005        Jun 19, Vietnamís PM Phan Van Khai (71) arrived in Seattle. The first visit to America by a prime minister from Vietnam in 30 years was greeted by demonstrators shouting "Down with communists!" and calling for an end to political and religious persecution in Vietnam. Khai hoped to strengthen ties with Washington during his weeklong US tour.
    (AP, 6/20/05)

2005        Jun 20, In Vietnam officials said 2 more people from northern Vietnam have been sickened with bird flu, and thousands of chickens have dropped dead in the south.
    (AP, 6/20/05)

2005        Jun 21, President Bush told Vietnamese Prime Minister Phan Van Khai that he supports Vietnam's bid to join the WTO, in the first visit by the Vietnamese leader since the war.
    (AP, 6/21/05)

2005        Jun 29, Vietnam said it would begin in August vaccinating poultry nationwide against bird flu.
    (SFC, 6/30/05, p.A10)

2005        Jun, Mr. Le Than Hai, chairman of Ho Chi Minh City Peopleís Committee and San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom signed a Memorandum of Understanding for Projects of Exchange and Mutual Benefit.
    (SFC, 7/14/15, p.A3)

2005        Jul 20, Cambodia handed over some 107 Montagnards, a largely Christian hilltribe people, to Vietnamese authorities. More than 1,000 Montagnards fled to Cambodia after security forces put down demonstrations in Vietnam's Central Highlands in 2001 against land confiscation and religious persecution of ethnic minorities. In January, Vietnam, Cambodia and the UNHCR signed a memorandum of understanding to resettle or repatriate about 700 ethnic minority Vietnamese who were estimated at the time to be in Cambodia.
    (AFP, 7/20/05)

2005        Aug 24, In Vietnam a man died of bird flu in Hanoi raising the regional toll to 62.
    (WSJ, 9/1/05, p.A13)

2005        Sep 27, After killing at least 31 people in China and the Philippines, Typhoon Damrey slammed ashore in Vietnam, forcing the evacuation of nearly 300,000 people.
    (AP, 9/27/05)

2005        Sep 29, Northern Vietnam reported at least 57 people dead and widespread destruction from the aftermath of Typhoon Damrey.
    (AFP, 9/29/05)

2005        Oct 12, Vietnam presented donor nations an emergency six-month plan to battle bird flu, amid fears of a new outbreak of the deadly disease and delays in a poultry vaccination scheme.
    (AFP, 10/12/05)

2005        Oct 14, A researcher said bird flu virus found in a Vietnamese girl was resistant to the main drug that's being stockpiled in case of a pandemic, a sign that it's important to keep a second drug on hand as well.
    (AP, 10/14/05)

2005        Oct 24, Vietnam lifted its 30% cap on foreign ownership of listed companies to 49%.
    (WSJ, 10/21/05, p.C16)

2005        Oct 27, Vietnam issued its 1st overseas government bond. Demand pushed the size from $500 million to $750 million with a yield of 7.125%.
    (Econ, 11/5/05, p.82)

2005        Oct 29, Vietnam demanded that the US remove it from a State Department blacklist of religious rights violators.
    (AFP, 10/29/05)

2005        Oct 31, China's Pres. Hu Jintao arrived in Vietnam on a mission to expand booming trade ties between the communist nations.
    (AP, 10/31/05)

2005        Nov 4, Vietnam confirmed bird flu outbreaks in three communes north of Hanoi.
    (AFP, 11/4/05)

2005        Nov 8, Vietnam, the country hit hardest by bird flu, reported its 42nd death, which occurred Oct 29, raising the toll in Asia to at least 63. The Swiss maker of Tamiflu said it had stopped selling the antiviral drug in China and was turning over supplies to the government.
    (AP, 11/8/05)
2005        Nov 8, The US State Department issued its 7th annual report to Congress on religious freedom. It cited Burma, China, Eritrea, Iran, North Korea, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Vietnam as restricting religious freedom.
    (AP, 11/8/05)

2005        Nov 18, US officials said that US and Canadian police have arrested 291 people in a major drug bust that was given unprecedented cooperation by Vietnamese agents. The 2-year operation covered ecstasy, which was shipped into Canada in powder form, turned into pills and then smuggled across the border along with massive amounts of marijuana.
    (AFP, 11/18/05)

2005        Nov 22, Vietnamese health officials said a teenager has been confirmed with the H5N1 bird flu virus.
    (Reuters, 11/22/05)
2005        Nov 22, Pope Benedict XVI created the diocese of Ba Ria, in the Vietnam province of the same name, by dividing up the existing diocese of Xuan Loc. He named Monsignor Thomas Nguen Van Tram bishop of Ba Ria. Vietnam had an estimated 6 million Catholics.
    (AP, 11/22/05)

2005        Nov 25, Indonesia said it would begin producing the bird flu drug Tamiflu, while Vietnam and China reported new outbreaks of the virus among poultry.
    (AP, 11/25/05)

2005        Nov 25, In Vietnam former British glam rocker Gary Glitter was charged with committing "obscene acts with children" and could face more serious charges that carry the death penalty.
    (AP, 11/25/05)

2005        Nov 29, Thousands of people lined the streets as the Roman Catholic Church ordained 57 new priests in an unprecedented ceremony that added the single largest number of priests in Vietnam at one time.
    (AP, 11/29/05)

2005        Dec 15, Taiwan said it was building a landing strip on one of the Spratly Islands, whose ownership was contested by Vietnam.
    (Econ, 1/28/06, p.42)

2005        Dec 17, In Vietnam disaster officials said floods and landslides have claimed at least 47 lives in central Vietnam in the past two weeks.
    (AP, 12/17/05)

2005        Dec 19, In Vietnam Trinh Huu (53), an Australian of Vietnamese origin, was convicted and sentenced to death by firing squad for trafficking heroin.
    (Reuters, 12/20/05)

2005        Dec, In Vietnam wildcat strikes swept through the industrial zones surrounding Ho chi Minh City. Tens of thousands of workers joined protests over wages and conditions.
    (Econ, 1/28/06, p.42)

2005        Some 74% of Vietnamís 84 million population still lived in the countryside.
    (Econ, 11/26/05, p.49)

2006        Jan 4, Intel asked the Vietnamese government for a license to build a chip plant worth 605 million dollars in southern Ho Chi Minh City. Regulators approved the plans in February.
    (AFP, 1/5/06)(WSJ, 2/24/06, p.A6)

2006        Jan 6, Vietnam said it was prepared to join some UN peacekeeping operations for the first time in a move seen as a major shift in its attitude towards the world body.
    (AP, 1/6/06)

2006        Feb 1, In Vietnam a government mandated minimum wage increase in foreign-owned factories went into effect. Starting pay was raised 40% to $45 per month.
    (Econ, 1/28/06, p.42)

2006        Feb 11, It was reported that drought in northern Vietnam threatened 740,000 acres of rice as the level of the Red River continued to fall to its lowest level in over 100 years.
    (SFC, 6/4/04, A1)

2006        Feb 20, A senior US official said Vietnam and the US have resumed their human rights dialogue after a three-year suspension, renewing links with "productive" talks.
    (AP, 2/20/06)

2006        Mar 2, Vietnam announced it has commuted the death sentence of Nguyen Van Chinh (45), a convicted Australian drug trafficker, to life imprisonment after heavy lobbying by the Australian government.
    (AP, 3/2/06)

2006        Mar 29, In Vietnam activists and Vietnam War veterans wrapped up a global conference on Agent Orange with a plea to the US government and chemical companies to take responsibility for health problems linked to the wartime defoliant.
    (AP, 3/29/06)

2006        Apr 3, Dao Dinh Binh (61) Vietnam's transport minister resigned and his deputy was arrested in a major corruption scandal in which public officials embezzled millions of dollars in government funds. The reformist newspapers Thanh Nien (Young people) and Tuoi Tre (Youth Daily) had published a joint expose of the transport ministryís road building unit. In 2009 the government refused to renew the contracts for the papers.
    (AFP, 4/4/06)(Econ, 1/17/09, p.43)

2006        Apr 18, Vietnam's communist party opened its 10th five-yearly congress. The 8-day session,  likely to reshuffle the national leadership, opened with a stern warning from party General Secretary Nong Duc Manh that corruption threatens the regime's survival. During the session Bloc 8406, a new dissident group, emerged with a ďmanisfesto on freedom and democracy."
    (AFP, 4/18/06)(Econ, 4/26/08, SR p.16)

2006        Apr 22, Vietnam welcomed Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates, who then spoke in Hanoi on Vietnamís potential in IT development.
    (SSFC, 4/23/06, p.A14)

2006        Apr 24, Vietnam's ruling Communist Party re-elected its leader, General Secretary Nong Duc Manh (65), for a second five-year term. The Congress approved a new five-year plan with targets for improving infrastructure and making Vietnam a modern industrial nation by 2020.
    (AFP, 4/24/06)(Econ, 8/5/06, p.38)

2006        Apr 28, An official said Vietnam needs more than $400 million to fight bird flu and prepare for a potential pandemic over the next five years, and expects about half to come from international donors.
    (AP, 4/28/06)

2006        May 13, Pope Benedict XVI named a new bishop for Vietnam, a country that lacks ties with the Vatican but has the second highest number of Catholics in Southeast Asia.
    (AP, 5/13/06)

2006        May 14, Vietnamís state media said the US had clinched a bilateral market access deal with Vietnam that will help clear the path to its former wartime enemy joining the World Trade Organization.
    (AFP, 5/14/06)

2006        May 16, Vietnam's PM Phan Van Khai (70) said he has nominated Deputy PM Nguyen Tan Dung (56) as his successor.
    (AP, 5/16/06)

2006        May 19, In Vietnam 5 people convicted of heroin dealing were executed by firing squad. About 100 people were executed in Vietnam each year for drug-related offenses.
    (AP, 5/20/06)
2006        May 19, An official said at least 150 Vietnamese fishermen were missing at sea and another 28 were found dead after getting caught in Typhoon Chanchu.
    (AP, 5/19/06)

2006        May 20, Chanchu, the most powerful storm to strike the South China Sea this early in the typhoon season, killed nearly 90 people in Asia over the past week. It was now weakened to a tropical storm and hovering off southern Japan. 198 Vietnamese fishermen remained missing.
    (AP, 5/20/06)

2006        May 31, The US and Vietnam signed a trade pact that removes one of the last major hurdles in Hanoi's bid to join the World Trade Organization.
    (AP, 5/31/06)

2006        Jun 4, US Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld arrived in Vietnam for a visit aimed at boosting security ties with a former foe that now shares American wariness about China's rising military might.
    (AP, 6/4/06)

2006        Jun 24, Vietnam's president, prime minister and chief of parliament all submitted their resignations, bowing out in a long-awaited internal shuffle to make way for a new generation of leaders.
    (AP, 6/24/06)

2006        Jun 27, Vietnamese legislators elected Nguyen Minh Triet (63), the Communist Party chief for Ho Chi Minh City, as the country's new president in a leadership shuffle. Triet, in turn, nominated Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung, 56, to become the next PM.
    (AP, 6/27/06)

2006        Jul 31, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez praised Vietnam for its battle against "imperialism" and pledged to help the communist country develop its nascent oil and gas industry during a two-day state visit.
    (AP, 8/1/06)

2006        Sep 7, A Thai court decided to extradite a Vietnamese dissident to face charges of violating airspace for a stunt that involved hijacking a plane and dropping 50,000 anti-communist leaflets over Ho Chi Minh City. Ly Tong, a South Vietnamese air force veteran who later became a US citizen, hijacked the twin-engine plane from Thailand in November 2000.
    (AP, 9/7/06)

2006        Sep 20, In Vietnam Pham Xuan An (79), journalist and spy, died. He led a remarkable and perilous double life as a communist spy and a respected reporter for Western news organizations during the Vietnam War.
    (AP, 9/20/06)

2006        Sep 21, Vietnam deported an American pro-democracy activist, state-run television reported. Cong Thanh Do (47) of San Jose, Ca., was accused of plotting to overthrow the government.
    (AP, 9/21/06)

2006        Oct 1, Typhoon Xangsane was downgraded to a tropical storm as it moved inland from the central Vietnam coast. At least 59 people were killed and thousands of homes damaged. Damage was later estimated at $625 million.
    (Reuters, 10/1/06)(AP, 10/3/06)

2006        Oct 7, In central Vietnam a boat carrying about 30 schoolchildren capsized on a river, leaving one boy dead and 18 others missing and feared dead.
    (AP, 10/8/06)

2006        Oct 10, Vietnam's communist party chief Nong Duc Manh arrived in Laos at the start of a four-day visit in a country where Vietnam still exerts considerable influence.
    (AFP, 10/10/06)

2006        Oct 12, In Vietnam the Lao Dong (Labour) newspaper quoted a police doctor as saying tests in September confirmed that Nguyen Thi Oanh (39), a convicted heroin trafficker, was then 11 weeks pregnant. The death row inmate had been held in solitary confinement for almost a year.
    (Reuters, 10/12/06)

2006        Oct 23, A WTO draft report said Vietnam has succeeded in introducing the reforms necessary for it to join the World Trade Organization and become the world body's 150th member.
    (AP, 10/23/06)

2006        Oct 24, in northern Vietnam a boat carrying traders with their chickens and pigs capsized in a river with at least 20 passengers feared drowned.
    (AP, 10/24/06)

2006        Oct 26, Thailand's military-installed PM Surayud Chulanont visited Vietnam for the last of a series of trips aimed at reassuring Bangkok's neighbors after last month's coup.
    (AFP, 10/26/06)

2006        Nov 7, The World Trade Organization (WTO) has formally approved communist Vietnam's membership of the global free trade system. The US government congratulated Vietnam for winning entry to the WTO, and urged Congress to enact regular trading ties with the communist nation.
    (AFP, 11/7/06)

2006        Nov 10, In Vietnam 3 Vietnamese-Americans were convicted on terrorism charges after being accused of trying to take over radio airwaves and call for an uprising against Vietnam's communist government. A judge sentenced the Americans and four Vietnamese to 15 months in prison, with credit for time served.
    (AP, 11/10/06)

2006        Nov 13, Vietnam deported Nguyen Thuong "Cuc" Foshee (58), an American woman who was convicted last week on terrorism charges for plotting to seize radio airwaves to call for an uprising against the communist government. The US removed Vietnam from a blacklist of countries that suppress religion.
    (AP, 11/12/06)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.44)

2006        Nov 15, In Vietnam envoys meeting on the sidelines of an Asia-Pacific economic summit, tried to cobble together a united strategy for upcoming talks aimed at convincing North Korea to drop its nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 11/15/06)

2006        Nov 17, Pres. Bush arrived in Vietnam ahead of a summit of Asia-Pacific leaders and individual meetings with a handful of leaders.
    (AP, 11/17/06)

2006        Nov 18, President Bush lobbied world leaders in Vietnam and lined up support for pressuring North Korea to prove it is serious about dismantling its nuclear weapons program. Asia-Pacific leaders put their political muscle behind the drive to free up global trade, but they struggled to find common ground on how best to tackle the North Korea nuclear crisis.
    (AP, 11/18/06)

2006        Nov 19, President Bush in Vietnam sought Chinese President Hu Jintao's help on dual fronts, aiming to rein in North Korea's nuclear ambitions and encourage the Chinese people to buy more US goods. Pacific Rim leaders urged North Korea to take concrete steps to live up to its commitments to stop developing nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 11/19/06)

2006        Dec 5, Typhoon Durian slammed into Vietnam's southern coast as a tropical storm. A Dec 7 government report said nearly 100 people were killed or are missing after the typhoon hit the southern coast.
    (AP, 12/6/06)(Reuters, 12/7/06)

2006        Dec, Vietnamís PM Nguyen Tan Dung signed a directive to issue shares in its national airline in 2008 and planned to partially privatize more than 50 other major state-owned enterprises by 2010.
    (AFP, 1/2/07)

2007        Jan 11, Vietnam became the 150th member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), a milestone expected to launch an era of radical change as the communist nation enters the global economic mainstream.
    (AP, 1/11/07)

2007        Jan 25, Pope Benedict XVI met with Vietnam's PM Nguyen Tan Dung. Their talks marked an important step toward establishing diplomatic relations following decades of tension.
    (AP, 1/25/07)

2007        Jan 31, Officials said Vietnam's ruling Communist Party and the military will relinquish control of dozens of companies, ranging from hotels to telecoms, as part of an ongoing government overhaul. An oil spill from an unidentified source hit Vietnam's central coast, blackening popular resort beaches as thousands of local people help with the cleanup.
    (AP, 1/31/07)(AP, 2/1/07)

2007        Feb 3, In northern Vietnam 5 miners were killed when a large rock fell on them as they worked to extract zinc ore.
    (AP, 2/4/07)

2007        Feb 5, In Hanoi, Vietnam, international aid experts from the World Bank, UN and other development agencies and 40 nations met for the Third International Roundtable on Managing For Development Results, a four-day conference aimed at making global development efforts more effective.
    (AFP, 2/5/07)

2007        Feb 9, In Vietnam the US ambassador said the US government will give Vietnam $400,000 toward cleaning up a former US military base contaminated by Agent Orange, its biggest step yet toward resolving one of the most contentious legacies of the Vietnam War.
    (AP, 2/9/07)

2007        Feb 25, Vietnamese officials and state media said police have accused Nguyen Van Ly, a prominent dissident Catholic priest, of disseminating propaganda intended to undermine the communist government. Van Ly founded Bloc 8406, which called for democracy, in 2006.
    (AP, 2/25/07)(Econ, 3/31/07, p.49)

2007        Feb 28, It was reported that international developers planned a $4 billion resort and casino complex in Vietnam. The project, dubbed Ho Tram, would be on the South China Sea, a 2-hour drive from Ho Chi Minh City.
    (WSJ, 2/28/07, p.B1)

2007        Mar 13, Vietnam's former deputy trade minister and his son went on trial for accepting bribes for quotas to export textiles to the US, in a major graft case with 14 defendants.
    (AP, 3/13/07)

2007        Mar 30, A Vietnamese court sentenced a dissident Catholic priest to eight years in prison for anti-government activities after a dramatic trial in which the defendant shouted denunciations of the ruling Communist Party. A judge at Thua Thien Hue Provincial People's Court in central Vietnam sentenced Thadeus Nguyen Van Ly on charges of disseminating anti-government documents and communicating with pro-democracy activists overseas.
    (AP, 3/30/07)(www.youtube.com/watch?v=9y9Mzp-61fU)

2007        May 10, A Vietnamese court sentenced 3 pro-democracy activists to prison after convicting them of spreading subversive propaganda, as the communist country continued its latest crackdown against dissent. Le Thi Cong Nhan (30), human rights lawyer, was released in 2010 after serving a 3-year sentence for advocating for a multiparty government in Internet posts. Nguyen Van Dai, a fellow lawyer who was convicted along with Nhan, was sentenced to 5 years in prison. His sentence was later reduced by one year. Nguyen Bac Truyen, a member of the banned People's Democratic Party, was sentenced to four years. An appeal court three months later reduced the term by six months. Truyen was released on May 17, 2010.
    (AP, 5/10/07)(AP, 3/8/10)(AP, 5/17/10)

2007        May 15, In Vietnam Tran Quoc Hien, a trade union organizer and member of Bloc 8406, became the 6th democracy campaigner to be imprisoned within a week.
    (Econ, 5/19/07, p.45)

2007        May 20, Vietnam elected a new National Assembly. Vietnam's communist party won more than 91% of seats in elections for the new national assembly, which will consist of 493 members.
    (Econ, 5/19/07, p.45)(AP, 5/29/07)

2007        Jun 1, Vietnam became Cuba's latest partner in oil exploration and drilling in the Gulf of Mexico under one of several agreements signed during a visit by Vietnamese Communist Party chief Nong Duc Manh.
    (AP, 6/1/07)

2007        Jun 16, Official media said Vietnam has confirmed its first human death from bird flu since 2005, as the latest flare-up of the virus ravaged poultry stocks. Tests confirmed that a 20-year-old from northern Ha Tay province died from the H5N1 virus on June 10.
    (AP, 6/17/07)

2007        Jun 21, Vietnam's President Nguyen Minh Triet heard a barrage of criticism during his historic visit to Washington, with angry US lawmakers saying ties between the former enemies will stagnate until Vietnam's dismal human rights record improves.
    (AP, 6/21/07)

2007        Jul 25, Vietnamís lawmakers overwhelmingly re-elected PM Nguyen Tan Dung, in hopes that strong growth and economic reforms would continue under his leadership.
    (AP, 7/25/07)

2007        Aug 6, Vietnamís disaster officials said the worst tropical storm to hit the country so far this year has killed nine people, while 14 others remain missing.
    (AP, 8/6/07)

2007        Aug 8, In Vietnam officials said at least 34 people have died and 17 more were missing and feared dead after Tropical Storm Pabuk lashed the country.
    (AP, 8/8/07)

2007        Aug 13, In central Vietnam the death toll from a tropical storm that caused widespread flooding hit 70 after five more bodies were recovered, while six people were still missing and feared dead.
    (AP, 8/13/07)

2007        Sep 1, The World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed five human bird flu cases in Vietnam, four of them fatal. The four, including two women, died between June 21 and August 3 while a fifth person, a 29-year-old man, had recovered.
    (Reuters, 9/1/07)

2007        Sep 26, In southern Vietnam a section of a bridge under construction collapsed, killing at least 52 workers and injuring 97 others. The bridge was being built across the Hau River, a branch of the Mekong River, in the southern city of Can Tho.
    (AP, 9/26/07)

2007        Oct 3, Disaster officials began evacuating 400,000 people as a typhoon approached Vietnam's central coast, packing winds up to 83 mph. Typhoon Lekima slammed into Vietnam's central coast, killing two people, destroying hundreds of houses and unleashing floods in one of the country's poorest regions.
    (AP, 10/3/07)

2007        Oct 6, In Vietnam floods and landslides followed Typhoon Lekima and killed at least 86 people with many missing and some villages cut off and inundated by water.
    (Reuters, 10/6/07)(AP, 10/7/07)(AP, 10/11/07)

2007        Oct 27, An official of the Vietnamese embassy to South Africa was shot and seriously injured in a robbery at his Pretoria residence.
    (AFP, 10/28/07)

2007        Nov 5, In central Vietnam residents braced for a tropical storm expected to make landfall later this week after floods triggered by heavy rains killed at least 24 people. People in seven coastal areas fell victim to the latest floods, which began Nov 2. The floods were the third to hit the region in three weeks.
    (AP, 11/5/07)

2007        Nov 17, Police in Ho Chi Minh City arrested two US citizens of Vietnamese descent, two Vietnam citizens, one French citizen of Vietnamese descent and one Thai citizen after "they participated in discussions with other democracy activists on promoting peaceful democratic change." Several were jailed in one-day trials for up to 8 years on charges of defaming the Communist Party and "spreading propaganda against the state."
    (AP, 11/20/07)

2007        Dec 4, American officials confirmed that Vietnam is holding four US citizens, hours after gaining their first consular access to two of the detainees, both Vietnamese-born pro-democracy activists.
    (AFP, 12/4/07)

2008        Jan 22, A US official said thousands of Vietnamese living illegally in the US now face deportation after the two countries completed an agreement following a decade of work on the pact.
    (AP, 1/22/08)

2008        Jan 30, Vietnamís central bank raised official interest rates up 1.5% to fight inflation which had reached 14.1%, the highest since 1995.
    (Econ, 2/2/08, p.46)

2008        Mar 10, Vietnamís central bank widened the band in which it allows the Vietnamese dong to rise or fall against the dollar from .75% to 1%. The bank said it plans to expand the band to 2% in an effort to unshackle its economy from the sliding dollar.
    (WSJ, 3/19/08, p.A8)

2008        Mar 18, An appeals court in Ho Chi Minh City sentenced an Australian woman to death for heroin trafficking. Vietnam-born Jasmine Luong (34), of Sydney, was convicted during a one-day trial of trafficking 3 pounds of heroin.
    (AP, 3/19/08)

2008        Apr 1, A top US immigration official said Washington has started deportation proceedings against thousands of Vietnamese living illegally in the US under a pact between the two countries.
    (AP, 4/1/08)
2008        Apr 1, An Australian court charged a Vietnam Airlines pilot with smuggling millions of dollars in drug profits out of the country. Quoc Viet Lai (58,) faced 40 counts of money laundering after allegedly taking 3.7 million dollars (3.4 million US) out of Australia between June 2005 and June 2006.
    (AFP, 4/1/08)

2008        Apr 8, In Vietnam a small military plane crashed near Hanoi, killing all five aboard.
    (AP, 4/8/08)

2008        Apr 28, Officials said Vietnam is ending a child adoption agreement with the United States after being accused of allowing baby-selling and corruption.
    (AP, 4/28/08)
2008        Apr 28, The Olympic torch arrived in Vietnam from North Korea, where tens of thousands of citizens were mobilized to celebrate the relay in Pyongyang in the flame's first visit to the authoritarian nation.
    (AP, 4/29/08)

2008        May 12, In Vietnam 2 reporters were arrested for their coverage of a bribery, gambling and corruption scandal. Their arrests led to a highly unusual confrontation between Vietnam's Communist government and the country's state-controlled newspapers. The scandal, which erupted in 2005, led to the conviction of 9 people, including several government officials.
    (AP, 5/14/08)

2008        Apr, The population of Vietnam was about 85 million.
    (Econ, 4/26/08, SR p.3)

2008        May 31, In Vietnam some 1000 workers walked off the assembly line of a Panasonic plant as inflation reached a 13-year high of 25.2%. Some 300 strikes took place in the first quarter as compared to 103 in the first quarter of 2007.
    (WSJ, 6/3/08, p.A12)

2008        Jun 2, In central Vietnam a collision between a speeding bus and a truck killed 14 people and injured 18 others. Traffic accidents killed more than 13,000 people last year in Vietnam.
    (AP, 6/2/08)

2008        Jun 9, Budweiser, US beer brewer, announced that it would go on sale in Vietnam.
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.82)

2008        Jun 10, Vietnam devalued its currency by almost 2% to bring the official exchange rate closer to black market rates. The main interest rate was increased to 14% from 12% in an effort to tamp inflationary pressure. A week earlier PM Nguyen Tan Dung had said there was no reason to decrease the value of the dong.
    (WSJ, 6/11/08, p.A15)

2008        Jun 11, Vietnam devalued its currency by 2% as inflation pushed over 25%.
    (Econ, 6/21/08, p.86)(http://enews.mcot.net/view.php?id=4709)
2008        Jun 11, Vo Van Kiet (b.1922), former Vietnamese Prime Minister (1991-1997), died in Singapore. The economic reformer had led the Communist nation away from poverty and isolation and backed the normalization of ties with the United States.
    (AP, 6/11/08)(WSJ, 6/14/08, p.A7)

2008        Jun 16, A Vietnamese soldier shot and killed four people and seriously injured five others before shooting himself dead. Nguyen Manh Hung (23) reportedly became enraged after being accused of stealing a mobile phone.
    (AP, 6/18/08)

2008        Jul 14, In Vietnam Dayana Mendoza, Miss Venezuela, was crowned Miss Universe 2008 in a contest marked by the spectacle of Miss USA falling down during the evening gown competition for the second year in a row.
    (AP, 7/14/08)

2008        Jul 21, Vietnam raised its fuel prices by 31%.
    (WSJ, 7/22/08, p.A13)

2008        Aug 9, Disaster officials said landslides and floods killed at least 101 people in northern Vietnam, covering the homes of some victims as they slept in their beds.
    (AP, 8/10/08)(WSJ, 8/12/08, p.A8)

2008        Aug 15, In Beijing 2 positive dope tests by Asian athletes overshadowed Singapore's first medal in 48 years and a podium for Malaysia with a North Korean shooter and a Vietnamese gymnast exposed as cheats.
    (AP, 8/15/08)

2008        Aug 19, Vietnamese authorities freed British glam rocker Paul Gadd, aka Gary Glitter, after nearly three years in prison on child molestation charges, then moved immediately to deport him.
    (AP, 8/19/08)(Econ, 8/36/08, p.36)

2008        Aug, In Vietnam several people were arrested after they knocked down a section of the wall surrounding a parcel of land once owned by Thai Ha Church and set up an altar and a statue of the Virgin Mary. 7 of the defendants received suspended sentences ranging from 12 to 15 months, and another received a warning. They all got two years of probation.
    (AP, 3/27/09)

2008        Sep 1, A US-Vietnam adoption agreement expired with the two sides unable to resolve disagreements over fraud and corruption, disappointing hundreds of prospective parents who will have to seek children elsewhere.
    (AP, 9/1/08)

2008        Sep 19, Ben Stocking (49), an Associated Press reporter in Vietnam, was punched, choked and hit over the head with a camera by police who detained him for a short while as he covered a Catholic prayer vigil at the site of the former Vatican Embassy in Hanoi. The city had started to clear the site after announcing a day earlier that it planned to use the land for a public library and park.
    (AP, 9/19/08)

2008        Sep 25, Typhoon Hagupit hit northern Vietnam. Floods triggered by the storm left at least 41 people dead and at least $65 million in damages.
    (AP, 9/27/08)(AP, 9/28/08)(AP, 9/29/08)

2008        Sep 30, Tropical Storm Mekkhala slammed into Vietnam's central coast before moving to Laos later the same day. At least 8 people were killed with 8 more missing.
    (AP, 10/2/08)

2008        Oct 3, Officials said Vietnam's health ministry has discovered the industrial chemical melamine in 18 food products imported from China and three other countries and has ordered them recalled and destroyed.
    (AP, 10/3/08)

2008        Oct 8, The US embassy said in a statement that the United States and Vietnam have agreed to lift restrictions on air cargo routes between the two countries.
    (AP, 10/8/08)

2008        Oct 15, A Vietnamese court sentenced journalist Nguyen Viet Chien (56) to two years in prison, accusing him of writing inaccurate stories about one of the country's most high-profile corruption cases. Fellow reporter Nguyen Van Hai (33) was sentenced on the charges to two years of "re-education without detention." The reporters were arrested in May for writing about a 2005 scandal in which Transportation Ministry officials were accused of gambling with allegedly embezzled funds. Police Maj. Gen. Pham Xuan Quac (62) and investigator Dinh Van Huynh were charged with "deliberately revealing state secrets," for giving information to the journalists. Quac, who has retired, was given a warning, while Huynh was sentenced to one year in prison.
    (AP, 10/15/08)

2008        Oct 29, The US and Vietnam launched three new programs to help provide job training and health care to disabled people in Danang, where American troops stored and mixed Agent Orange during the Vietnam War.
    (AP, 10/29/08)

2008        Nov 2, A week of flooding triggered by torrential rains in northern and central Vietnam killed some 92 people, 22 of them in the capital Hanoi hit by the worst flooding in 35 years.
    (Reuters, 11/2/08)(AP, 11/3/08)(AP, 11/5/08)

2008        Nov 13, Vietnam's premier pledged to probe a corruption case in which Japanese businessmen have admitted bribing a Vietnamese official in the latest scandal involving a foreign aid-funded road project.
    (AP, 11/13/08)

2008        Nov 16, In Vietnam weekend flooding killed at least 11 people in the southern and central regions, submerged thousands of homes in Ho Chi Minh city and stranded air and railway passengers.
    (AP, 11/16/08)

2008        Nov 20, Vietnam's president Nguyen Minh Triet was set to meet Venezuelan leader Hugo Chavez, during the first visit by a head of state from the communist nation here, mainly focused on oil and gas ties.
    (AP, 11/20/08)
2008        Nov 20, In Vietnam family planning chiefs said officials in Communist Vietnam, alarmed by a new baby boom, are to crack down on couples having more than two children. The government first launched a two-child policy in the early 1960s. A 2003 ordinance encouraged small families without making it illegal for families to have a third child.
    (AFP, 11/20/08)

2008        Nov 25, Indochina Airlines, Vietnamís first privately owned airline, began operations.
    (www.india-server.com/news/vietnam-launches-indochina-airlines-4811.html)

2008        Dec 8, In northern Vietnam a blast at a coal mine killed at least seven workers and injured 15.
    (AP, 12/8/08)

2008        Dec 18, Vietnam approved new regulations banning bloggers from discussing subjects the government deems sensitive or inappropriate and requiring them to limit their writings to personal issues.
    (AP, 12/24/08)

2008        Dec 25, Japan and Vietnam signed an economic partnership pact with a promise to cut tariffs on some 92% of goods and services traded between the two nations within a decade.
    (AFP, 12/25/08)

2008        Gordon Goldstein authored ďLessons in Disaster: McGeorge Bundy and the Path to War in Vietnam."
    (AP, 10/11/09)
2008        Rufus Phillips authored ďWhy Vietnam Matters: An Eyewitness Account of Lessons Not Learned."
    (Econ, 10/3/09, p.55)
2008        The Vietnamese German University (VGU) opened in Ho Chi Minh City. It focused on engineering and economics with programs taught in English by visiting German professors.
    (Econ, 10/2/10, p.45)

2009        Jan 25, A small ferry overloaded with holiday shoppers sank in central Vietnam, killing at least 40 people ahead of the traditional Lunar New Year. Most of the dead were women and children.
    (AP, 1/25/09)

2009        Jun 13, In Vietnam civil rights lawyer Le Cong Dinh (41) was arrested at his home in Ho Chi Minh City. He faces up to 20 years in prison if convicted on charges of sabotaging the communist government. Three other pro-democracy activists, Le Thang Long, Tran Thi Thu and Le Thi Thu Thu, were soon arrested for colluding with Dinh.
    (AP, 6/18/09)

2009        Jul 2, In Vietnam an official said for every 100 girls born to Vietnamese families, there are 112 boys born, a disparity in the sex ratio that has been rapidly increasing in recent years. The rising imbalance was blamed on a cultural preference for boys who can continue the bloodline and the belief that boys can better care for parents as they age.
    (AP, 7/2/09)

2009        Jul 31, A new study by the Vietnam Veterans of America Foundation and Vietnam's ministry of defense said more than one-third of the land in six central Vietnamese provinces remained contaminated with land mines and unexploded bombs from the Vietnam War.
    (AP, 7/31/09)

2009        Aug 27, Vietnam police took Bui Thanh Hieu, who writes a blog under the pen name Nguoi Buon Gio, or Wind Trader, into custody for questioning. Pham Doan Trang, a writer for the popular online newspaper VietnamNet, was detained the day before. Both were released on Sep 6.
    (AP, 9/6/09)

2009        Sep 2, Vietnamese authorities arrested blogger Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh (30), who writes under the pen name Me Nam, at her home in Nha Trang. Quynh's arrest was the latest in a series of police moves against writers who criticized government policies toward China. The government tightened its rules for bloggers earlier this year, saying they must restrict their writings to personal matters. Quynh was released on Sep 12.
    (AP, 9/4/09)(AP, 9/12/09)

2009        Sep 10, Vietnamese and US scientists wrapped up their annual meetings on Agent Orange, launching a task force to examine health issues in areas where the defoliant was used during the Vietnam War. Vietnam has said 1 million to 4 million of its citizens may have suffered serious health consequences after being exposed to dioxin, a highly toxic element in Agent Orange.
    (AP, 9/10/09)

2009        Sep 11, In Vietnam the Canadian environmental firm Hatfield Consultants said new environmental tests confirm extremely high levels of dioxin, the toxic ingredient of Agent Orange, in people, fish and soil near Danang airport, a former US air base where American troops stored the herbicide during the Vietnam War.
    (AP, 9/11/09)

2009        Sep 14, Vietnamese scholars disbanded the Institute of Development Studies, the country's first independent think tank, to protest a government decree, effective Sep 15, restricting the right to conduct and publish research.
    (AP, 9/15/09)

2009        Sep 24, In Vietnam 9 North Koreans took refuge in Denmark's embassy in Hanoi seeking political asylum and passage to Seoul. On Oct 20 they left the mission and were on their way to South Korea.
    (Reuters, 10/20/09)(SFC, 9/25/09, p.A2)

2009        Sep 25, An environmental group said a gecko with leopard-like spots on its body and a fanged frog that eats birds are among 163 new species discovered last year in the Mekong River region of Southeast Asia, which included Laos, Thailand and Vietnam.
    (AP, 9/25/09)

2009        Sep 29, Typhoon Ketsana slammed into central Vietnam, killing 74 as officials recovered more bodies from the muck and swollen rivers along the country's long coastline. 179 were reported injured and a dozen missing. In neighboring Cambodia, at least 11 people were killed and 29 injured.
    (Reuters, 9/29/09)(AP, 9/30/09)

2009        Sep, In Vietnam some 400 disciples of Thich Nhat Hanh, who has popularized Buddhism in the West and sold millions of books worldwide, were forcibly evicted from the Bat Nha monastery in Lam Dong province. Since then, nearly 200 monks have taken refuge at the nearby Phuoc Hue pagoda, but they have been ordered to leave by Dec. 31. On Dec 18 the disciples asked for temporary asylum in France.
    (AP, 12/17/09)(AFP, 12/18/09)

2009        Oct 9, In Vietnam a judge in Haiphong sentenced 9 activists up to six years for hanging democracy banners and other acts against the state, prompting tears and condemnation from relatives. Some of the activists were linked to an outlawed pro-democracy grouping called Bloc 8406. Nguyen Xuan Nghia (60), the alleged leader of six activists, received the heaviest penalty of six years in prison followed by three years of house arrest.
    (AFP, 10/9/09)(Econ, 10/17/09, p.55)

2009        Oct 15, It was reported that the Taj network, funded by the National Science Foundation, now connects India, Singapore, Vietnam and Egypt to the larger Global Ring Network for Advanced Application Development (GLORIAD) global infrastructure, and "dramatically improves existing US network links with China and the Nordic region," according to an NSF statement.
    (www.livescience.com/technology/091015-global-gloraid-taj-cyber-net.html)

2009        Nov 2, Tropical Storm Mirinae slammed into Vietnam's central coast, unleashing heavy rains and winds and forcing more than 80,000 people to evacuate before losing steam as it moved inland. The storm killed at least 98 people. Mirinae also killed two people in Cambodia and left 19 people dead and three missing in the Philippines.
    (AP, 11/2/09)(AP, 11/3/09)(AFP, 11/5/09)

2009        Nov 6, Japan pledged $5.5 billion in aid over 3 years for Southeast Asia's 5 Mekong River nations (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam), seeking to deepen ties with the region amid growing influence from China.
    (AFP, 11/6/09)

2009        Dec 11, At the Vatican Vietnamís President Nguyen Minh Triet met with Pope Benedict XVI for 40 minutes, twice as long as was scheduled and the first time that the head of state of Vietnam has met with the pope since the communists took power in 1954. Vietnam's 6 million Roman Catholics is one of the largest Catholic communities in Asia.
    (AP, 12/11/09)

2009        Dec 16, Vietnam said it has ordered submarines and fighter jets from Russia, its former communist ally, in a deal reportedly worth hundreds of millions of dollars.
    (AP, 12/16/09)

2009        Dec 28, A Vietnamese court convicted Tran Anh Kim (60), a former army officer who had pressed for democratic reforms of subversion, and sentenced him to 5.5 years in prison. Kim was accused of "working to overthrow the state" by joining the Democratic Party of Vietnam, publishing pro-democracy articles on the Internet, and joining Bloc 8406, an organization that promotes a multiparty state.
    (AP, 12/28/09)

2010        Jan 1, A free-trade agreement between China and the 10 members of the Association of Southeast Asia Nations (ASEAN) came into effect. The 6 richest members scrapped tariffs on 90% of goods. The 4 poorest (Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar) will not need to cut tariffs to the same level until 2015.
    (SSFC, 1/3/10, p.A4)(Econ, 1/9/10, p.44)

2010        Jan 20, Vietnam convicted 4 democracy activists of trying to overthrow the communist government and sentenced them to up to 16 years in prison for promoting multiparty democracy. Le cong Dinh (41), a lawyer, was sentenced for 5 years and activist Nguyen Tien Trung (26) was sentenced to 7 years. In May a court upheld the 16-year sentence against Internet entrepreneur Tran Huynh Duy Thuc and the 5-year sentence against U.S.-trained human rights attorney Le Cong Dinh. It reduced the sentence of businessman Le Thang Long.
    (AP, 1/20/10)(Econ, 1/30/10, p.52)(AP, 5/11/10)

2010        Jan 22, In Vietnam 19 rare Asiatic moon bears, found at an illegal Taiwanese-owned operation in southern Vietnam, reached a new home at Tam Dao National Park, joining 29 bears already at the rescue center. Ultrasound tests had found evidence of thickened gall bladders, a telltale sign of gall bladder milking. Some may need to have the organ removed because of extensive damage.
    (AP, 1/22/10)

2010        Jan 29, A Vietnamese court handed a four-year jail term to writer Pham Thanh Nghien (32) for anti-state "propaganda," the latest in a string of jailings of democracy activists by the communist state.
    (AFP, 1/29/10)

2010        Feb 5, A Vietnamese court convicted Tran Khai Thanh Thuy (49), a journalist and democracy activist, of assault and sentenced her to three-and-a-half years in prison in a one-day trial that rights groups said was meant to silence government critics.
    (AP, 2/5/10)

2010        Feb 10, Vietnamís central bank devalued its currency, the dong, by 3.4%. This followed a devaluation of 5.4% last November.
    (Econ, 3/6/10, p.59)

2010        Mar 3, In Laos senior officials from Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam met in Luang Prabang to discuss the Mekong River. The Mekong River Commission in a draft report said severe drought has dropped the river to its lowest level in nearly 20 years, halting some cargo traffic and boat tours on the waterway, the lifeblood for 65 million people in six countries.
    (AP, 3/3/10)

2010        Mar 25, China agreed to share water level data at 2 dams to ease pressure from nations downstream, including Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam.
    (SFC, 4/6/10, p.A3)

2010        Mar 30, Vietnam and the United States signed a pact described as a key foundation for development of peaceful atomic power in the communist country.
    (AFP, 3/30/10)

2010        Mar 31, Google Inc. says malicious software has been used to spy on Vietnamese computer users opposed to a controversial bauxite mine in the Southeast Asian country. Computer security firm McAfee said the perpetrators may be linked to the communist government.
    (AP, 3/31/10)

2010        Apr 29, In Vietnam a Javan rhino, one of the world's rarest large mammals, was found shot dead with its horn chopped off in a southern national park, a suspected victim of poachers. There were only three to five Javan rhinos believed left in Vietnam. The animal was first caught on camera at the park in 1999.
    (AP, 5/10/10)

2010        Jun 14, Vietnam and the US agreed to US financing worth 500 million dollars aimed at boosting American exports for high-priority infrastructure projects in the communist country.
    (AFP, 6/14/10)

2010        Jun 17, Vietnam's communist-dominated National Assembly voted to replace firing squads with lethal injections. As of 2012 no executions were conducted because the EU refused to export the required lethal drugs.
    (AFP, 6/17/10)(SFC, 11/2/12, p.A2)

2010        Jul 15, Vietnamís state media reported that Vietnam has published the first issue of a human rights magazine to help counter what it calls "erroneous and hostile allegations."
    (AP, 7/15/10)

2010        Jul 17, Typhoon Conson weakened as it headed toward Vietnam, after passing over the Chinese island of Hainan where falling billboards killed at least two people.
    (Reuters, 7/17/10)

2010        Jul 18, In Vietnam 17 people were left missing as the tail end of Typhoon Conson blew ashore after battering the Philippines and China and killing dozens.
    (AP, 7/18/10)(AP, 7/19/10)

2010        Jul 26, French Defense Minister Herve Morin visited Vietnam marking the first time a French defense minister traveled to the country since Vietnam's 1954 surprise defeat at Dien Bien Phu. The next day Vietnamís state media reported that Morin has agreed to help Vietnam modernize its military.
    (AP, 7/27/10)

2010        Aug 1, UNESCO added five cultural sites to its World Heritage List, including the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long-Hanoi in Vietnam. The other new sites include the historic monuments of Dengfeng in China, the archaeological site Sarazm in Tajikistan, the Episcopal city of Albi in France and a 17th-century canal ring in Amsterdam.
    (AP, 8/1/10)

2010        Aug 17, Vietnamese and US officials held their first defense talks as the two countries celebrated the 15th anniversary of normalizing relations.
    (SFC, 8/18/10, p.A2)

2010        Aug 24, In Vietnam at least 9 people were killed when Typhoon Mindulle struck the central coast.
    (AFP, 10/17/10)(http://tinyurl.com/25z8plq)

2010        Aug 28, Vietnam's president ordered 17,210 prisoners freed as part of the country's annual National Day amnesty.
    (AP, 8/28/10)

2010        Sep 11, China detained 9 Vietnamese fishermen near the disputed Paracel islands in the South China Sea. Vietnam demanded their immediate release without conditions, but China refused until the captain paid a fine for having explosives aboard the boat. The fisherman returned home on oct 26 after an ordeal that included a month of detention by China and a week lost on stormy seas.
    (AP, 10/26/10)

2010        Oct 4, Vietnamese officials said weekend floods triggered by heavy rains have displaced thousands of villagers in central Vietnam, and left 3 people dead and 3 others missing.
    (AP, 10/4/10)

2010        Oct 6, In Vietnam fireworks intended for Hanoi's upcoming 1000th birthday celebration exploded prematurely, killing four people and injuring three others.
    (AP, 10/6/10)

2010        Oct 7, In Vietnam the death toll from vicious rains nearly doubled to 48 after disaster officials were finally able to access areas that had been cut off by high waters. Another 23 people remained missing as villagers started returning to areas where the water was receding.
    (AP, 10/7/10)

2010        Oct 9, In central Vietnam the death toll in devastating floods rose to 62 as authorities rushed aid to about 100,000 people facing food shortages.
    (AP, 10/9/10)

2010        Oct 17, Vietnamese officials said more flooding has killed at least 14 people and forced around 78,000 people to be evacuated from their homes in the centre of the country.
    (AFP, 10/17/10)

2010        Oct 18, In Vietnam a local official was sentenced to life in prison for accepting bribes on a Japanese-funded road project he managed, in a scandal that prompted Japan to suspend aid for several months. Huynh Ngoc Si was convicted of receiving $262,000 from executives of Pacific Consultants International, or PCI, a Japanese company hired as consultants.
    (AP, 10/18/10)
2010        Oct 18, In Vietnam 20 people on a bus were swept away by strong currents from a flooded river. They were presumed dead. Another 17 managed to save themselves by swimming or clinging to trees or power poles.
    (AP, 10/18/10)

2010        Oct 22, In Vietnam disaster officials said the death toll from severe flooding in four central provinces had climbed to 75, including 14 victims from a bus swept off a road by strong currents, with six passengers still missing.
    (AP, 10/23/10)

2010        Oct 23, In Vietnam Le Nguyen Huong Tra, who blogged under the pen name of Do Long Girl, was taken into police custody from a home in Ho Chi Minh City for allegedly slandering a senior government official. Police in Ho Chi Minh City also arrested blogger Phan Thanh Hai, known as Anhbasg, over the weekend and continued to detain Nguyen Van Hai, a blogger known as Dieu Cay, even though he had served out his 30-month sentence on "trumped-up" tax evasion charges.
    (AP, 10/26/10)

2010        Oct 29, A feud between China and Japan deepened at the East Asian Summit in Vietnam, as China accused its rival of making false comments and hopes for landmark talks between their leaders evaporated.
    (AFP, 10/29/10)

2010        Oct 31, Japanís PM Naoto Kan said Vietnam has chosen Japan as a partner to mine rare earth metals and develop nuclear power.
    (SFC, 11/1/10, p.A2)

2010        Nov 2, State Vietnam News said blogger Le Nguyen Huong Tra (35), who blogged as Co Gai Do Long, has been detained for "infringing on the interests of the state" after she criticized a security official and his family.
    (AFP, 11/2/10)

2010        Nov 4, Vietnam disaster officials say new flooding in the central part of the country has killed 16 people, bringing the death toll over the past month to 159.
    (AP, 11/5/10)

2010        Nov 21, A global tiger summit meeting in St. Petersburg, Russia, approved a wide-ranging program with the goal of doubling the world's tiger population in the wild by 2022 backed by governments of the 13 countries that still have tiger populations: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam and Russia. Experts wild tigers could become extinct in 12 years if countries where they still roam fail to take quick action to protect their habitats and step up the fight against poaching.
    (AP, 11/21/10)

2010        Dec 16, A Vietnam-registered fishing boat, named Phu Tan, capsized off the Chinese coast leaving 27 fishermen missing.
    (AP, 12/16/10)

2010        Dec 17, In Vietnam Southeast Asia's largest hydroelectric power station began operating to help ease an electricity shortage. The first of six turbines at the Son La station was connected to the national power grid.
    (AFP, 12/21/10) 

2010        In Vietnam the state-owned shipbuilder, Vinashin, imploded with debts of $4.5 billion.
    (Econ, 1/8/11, p.42)
2010        In northern Vietnam a Vietnam Association of Agent Orange Victims  was established in Thai Binh province by five foreign members of a Scientology-funded sister organization, The Association of Better Living and Education. It offered a 25-day vitamin and sauna regime for victims of Agent Orange. Scientologists believed the regime can "sweat out" toxins stored in body fat. There were no peer-reviewed studies to back this claim.
    (AP, 4/4/13)
2010        The population of Vietnam was about 86 million.
    (Econ, 9/4/10, p.46)
2010        Vietnam wiped out its own last known Javan rhinoceros despite efforts to protect it. The last of the population was found dead in a national park, shot through the leg with its horn hacked off. Illegal rhino killings in South Africa skyrocketed, from 122 in 2009 to 333 in 2010 and a record 448 in 2011. By 2012 crushed rhino horn powder fetched up to $55,000 per kg in Asia ($25,000 per pound).
    (AFP, 4/4/12)

2011        Jan 5, In Vietnam police roughed up Christian Marchant, an American diplomat, and repeatedly slammed a car door on his legs when he went to visit a prominent dissident. The encounter prompted a strong US protest.
    (AP, 1/6/11)

2011        Jan 12, Vietnamís Communist Party leaders acknowledged that rampant abuse of power is holding the country back, telling delegates during the opening of a key meeting that cleaning up corruption would help solve the country's economic woes.
    (AP, 1/12/11)

2011        Jan 18, Vietnam's Communist elite selected a new party boss, after a week of secret meetings at which politicians jockeyed for power before choosing a moderate now tasked with trying to sustain country's explosive growth.
    (AP, 1/18/11)

2011        Jan 19, In Vietnam reporter Le Hoang Hung (50) suffered burns on about half his body following an attack in his house while he was sleeping. Hung died of his injuries on Jan 29. His wife Tran Thi Thuy Lieu (40) was taken into police custody on Feb 22.
    (AP, 1/20/11)(AP, 1/29/11)(AP, 2/23/11)

2011        Jan 20, The EU Naval Force said that Somali pirates have seized a Vietnamese-owned bulk carrier, the MV Hoang Son Sun, with 24 crew onboard. All crew members returned to Vietnam on Sep 23 after shipping firm Hoang Son Ltd Co. paid more than $2 million in ransom.
    (AP, 1/20/11)(AFP, 9/26/11)

2011        Jan 21, Vietnamís state-controlled media said a cold spell over the past three weeks has killed at least seven people as well as more than 20,000 cows and buffalos.
    (AP, 1/21/11)

2011        Jan 25, Human Rights Watch called on the United States to return Vietnam to a list of the world's worst abusers of religious freedom, accusing it of continuously harassing some groups trying to worship peacefully.
    (AP, 1/25/11)

2011        Jan 26, In Vietnam Vi Duc Hoi (54), a communist official turned democracy campaigner, was jailed for 8 years. Activists saw the case as part of a wider crackdown on free speech.
    (AFP, 1/26/11)

2011        Feb 6, Vietnamese police said 9 friends died during a lunar New Year party after they started a car parked inside a house to play music following an electricity outage.
    (AP, 2/6/11)

2011        Feb 17, In Vietnam 12 people from nine countries were killed in Vietnam's deadliest tour boat accident since the country opened to foreign visitors 25 years ago. Nine foreigners and six Vietnamese survived only by flinging themselves overboard and swimming to other tour boats anchored nearby in Ha Long Bay.
    (AP, 2/17/11)

2011        Feb 28, Vietnamís state-controlled Tuoi Tre newspaper reported that Nguyen Dan Que (69), one of the countryís most prominent pro-democracy dissidents, was being held by police in Ho Chi Minh City for allegedly acting to overthrow the government. His house was searched on Feb 26. Police allegedly found 60,000 documents on his computer calling for a revolution.
    (AP, 2/28/11)

2011        Mar 31, A report by Human Rights Watch said Vietnam has increased repression of indigenous minority Christians in the Central Highlands. Hill tribe minorities, known as Montagnards, converted to Christianity in large numbers over the past half century.
    (SFC, 4/1/11, p.A2)

2011        Apr 4, In Vietnam Cu Huy Ha Vu (53), the dissident son of a Vietnamese revolutionary leader, was convicted of anti-state propaganda activities, including advocating an end to one-party communist rule. His lawyers the next day challenged his seven-year jail sentence, saying the judges violated the law during his short trial.
    (AFP, 4/5/11)

2011        Apr 14, In Vietnam authorities in the central Quang Nam province agreed to set up the reserve dedicated to the secretive saola, a relative of antelopes and cattle and one of the world's rarest animals, which was only discovered in 1992. This was the second Sao La conservation zone in Vietnam, after the first one located at the Bach Ma National Park in the central province of Thua Thien-Hue.
    (AFP, 4/18/11)(http://tinyurl.com/3u3l889)

2011        Apr 24, Madame Ngo Dinh Nhu (bv.1924), the de facto First Lady of South Vietnam (1955-1963), died in Rome, Italy. In 2013 Monique Brinson Demery authored ďFinding the Dragon lady: The Mystery of Vietnamís Madame Nhu."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madame_Nhu)(SSFC, 11/3/13, p.F5)

2011        May 4, Vietnamís central bank raised a key interest rate to 14% presented a package of commitments, titled Resolution II, to tighten money and credit. Consumer prices had risen 17.5% in the year to April. 
    (Econ, 5/7/11, p.79)

2011        May 5, Vietnamese officials said security forces have quashed a rare protest of hundreds of ethnic Hmong Christians calling for an independent state.
    (AP, 5/5/11)
2011        May 5, In Vietnam customs officials intercepted 661 pounds (300 kg) of smuggled African elephant tusks from Tanzania at a northern port city.
    (AP, 5/6/11)

2011        May 20, In southern Vietnam a tour boat cruising the Saigon River to celebrate a 3-year-old's birthday capsized during a violent storm, killing the boy, four other children and 10 adults.
    (AP, 5/21/11)

2011        May 22, Vietnam held parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 5/22/11)

2011        May 30, Authorities in the Philippines detained 122 Vietnamese fishermen after seven boats were intercepted in Philippine waters.
    (AP, 5/30/11)

2011        Jun 17, Vietnam started the first phase of a joint plan with the US to clean up environmental damage left over from the chemical defoliant Agent Orange.
    (SFC, 6/18/11, p.A2)

2011        Jun 22, Vietnam released Tran Khai Thanh Thuy (50), a dissident writer and pro-democracy activist, and deported her to the United States on humanitarian grounds.
    (AP, 6/24/11)

2011        Jun 23, In northern Vietnam flash floods and whirlwinds killed seven people, left three others missing and injured 60.
    (AP, 6/24/11)

2011        Jul 10, Vietnamese police forcibly dispersed an anti-China rally and arrested at least 10 people, including journalists, after a series of protests over tensions in the South China Sea.
    (AFP, 7/10/11)

2011        Jul 17, Vietnamese police rounded up at least 10 people as they broke up an anti-China rally for the 2nd weekend running in a series of protests over tensions in the South China Sea.
    (AFP, 7/17/11)

2011        Jul 23, Nguyen Cao Ky (b.1930), the flamboyant former air force general who ruled South Vietnam with an iron fist for two years (1965-1967) during the Vietnam War, died in Malaysia. In 2002 he authored "Buddha's Child: My Fight to Save Vietnam."
    (AP, 7/23/11)

2011        Jul 25, Vietnam named Truong Tan Sang (62), a longtime rival of PM Nguyen Tan Dung, as its new president, a largely symbolic post in the communist nation.
    (AFP, 7/25/11)

2011        Jul 31, Tropical Storm Nock-ten hit north-central Vietnam killing one person. The storm had already left at least 50 people dead in the Philippines.
    (SSFC, 7/31/11, p.A4)

2011        Aug 10, In Vietnam Pham Minh Hoang (56), a French-Vietnamese math professor, was sentenced to three years in prison for belonging to a banned pro-democracy group and publishing an anti-Communist blog.
    (AP, 8/10/11)

2011        Aug 14, Canada's trade and agriculture ministers said Vietnam has lifted its eight-year-old ban on Canadian live breeding cattle, sheep and goats, becoming the first Asian country to do so since a 2003 discovery of mad cow disease.
    (Reuters, 8/14/11)

2011        Aug 18, Vietnamís government warned that it would no longer tolerate weekly demonstrations that have taken place in Hanoi for the past 10 weekends over disputed territory in the South China Sea.
    (AP, 8/21/11)

2011        Aug 19, Vietnamese officials said hand, foot and mouth disease has killed 81 children and continues to surge. PM Nguyen Tan Dung called for stepped up efforts for prevention.
    (SFC, 8/20/11, p.A2)

2011        Aug 21, Vietnamese police swooped in and crushed an anti-China rally, arresting dozens of protesters who refused to stop chanting and forcing them onto two buses that were driven away.
    (AP, 8/21/11)

2011        Aug 29, The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) warned about a new mutant strain of the deadly bird flu H5N1 virus (H5N1 - 2.3.2.1.) in China and Vietnam, saying there could be a "major resurgence" of the disease.
    (AFP, 8/29/11)

2011        Sep 6, Thailand authorities arrested two men in the northeast for trying to smuggle more 120 dogs into Vietnam to be sold for human consumption. 31 of the dogs were dead.
    (AP, 9/6/11)

2011        Sep 12, In Vietnam Truong Van Suong (68), a political prisoner, died in Ha Nam province outside Hanoi after more than three decades in detention.
    (AP, 9/13/11)

2011        Sep 28, Officials said South Africa and Vietnam have launched talks toward an agreement to curb rhino poaching, which has soared in recent years driven by booming demand in Asia.
    (AFP, 9/28/11)

2011        Sep 30, Typhoon Nesat whacked into Vietnam, forcing 20,000 people to be evacuated. Prolonged monsoon flooding, typhoons and storms have wreaked untold havoc in Asian countries, leaving more than 600 people dead or missing in India, Thailand, the Philippines, Japan, China, Pakistan and Vietnam in the last four months.
    (AP, 9/30/11)

2011        Oct 11, German Chancellor Angela Merkel met with her Vietnamese counterpart, PM Nguyen Tan Dung, as part of a two-day visit to boost trade ties with the Communist country.
    (AP, 10/11/11)

2011        Oct 12, India and Vietnam signed an accord to promote oil exploration in Vietnamese waters that could escalate long-standing tensions with China as it presses territorial claims to much of the South China sea.
    (AP, 10/12/11)

2011        Oct 16, Scientists at the Vietnam-based Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Program and the Oxford University Clinical Research units in Kathmandu and Ho Chi Minh City announced they had combined cutting-edge gene sequencing technology with Google Earth to accurately map the spread of typhoid in Kathmandu for the first time.
    (AFP, 10/17/11)

2011        Oct 31, Japan and Vietnam agreed to move ahead with a plan to export Japanese nuclear technology to build reactors in Vietnam despite Japan's ongoing nuclear crisis. PM Yoshihiko Noda and his Vietnamese counterpart Nguyen Tan Dung also agreed to jointly mine rare earth minerals in Vietnam.
    (AP, 10/31/11)

2011        Nov 3, In Vietnam an Interpol meeting in Hanoi unveiled a campaign to help save the world's last wild tigers in the 13 Asian countries where they still exist, winning praise from conservationists.
    (AP, 11/3/11)

2011        Nov 6, Fishermen on a Taiwanese boat fought back against Somali pirates and freed themselves after a hijacking in the Indian Ocean. 5 Vietnamese war vets on the Chin Yi Wen overcame the hijackers and then the boat met up with British anti-piracy vessels nearby. The war fighters had been recruited by Taiwan to be part of a 28-man crew on the 290-ton vessel, along with 9 Chinese, 8 Filipinos and 6 Indonesians. The crew forced the six armed Somali pirates to jump overboard, and successfully took back control of the ship.
    (AP, 11/6/11)(AFP, 11/7/11)

2011        Nov 8, In South Korea Vietnam agreed to seek greater nuclear energy cooperation with South Korea, opening the way for its participation in a project to build atomic power plants at home.
    (AFP, 11/8/11)

2011        Nov 10, The International Union for Conservation of Nature said the Western Black Rhino of Africa has been declared officially extinct. The Javan Rhino was said to be "probably extinct" in Vietnam, after poachers killed the last animal there in 2010. A small but declining population of the Javan Rhino still survived on the Indonesian island of Java.
    (AP, 11/10/11)

2011        Nov 25, Vietnamís PM Nguyen Tan Dung called for new legislation on protests "to ensure people's rights to freedom and democracy under the constitution and law." Vietnam's constitution allows for the right to demonstrate.
    (AFP, 11/26/11)

2011        Dec 5, Vietnam officials said more than 100,000 people have been killed or injured by land mines or other abandoned explosives since the Vietnam War ended nearly 40 years ago, and clearing all of the country will take decades more. The United States used about 16 million tons of bombs and ammunition while allied with the former South Vietnam government.
    (AP, 12/5/11)

2011        Dec 6, Animal Asia, an animal protection group, said 14 Asiatic black bears have been rescued from a bear bile farm in Vietnam after their owner decided to renounce the illegal trade.
    (AFP, 12/6/11)

2011        Dec 25, The Vinalines Queen disappeared on Christmas Day after passing the island of Luzon in the Philippines. The Vietnamese ship had capsized, apparently without sending a distress signal. A Vietnamese seaman survived five days floating in open ocean with only a life jacket for protection after his cargo ship sank and all his 22 crew mates died. The ship was carrying more than 54,000 tons of nickel ore and was traveling from Indonesia to China when it lost contact. Global ship owners association Intercargo issued a statement in December 2010 warning of the hazards of transporting nickel ore which, it said, may liquefy and cause a ship to list if not loaded to international standards.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)

2011        The population of Vietnam was about 87 million.
    (Econ, 9/10/11, p.48)

2012        Jan 5, In Vietnam six police and army officers were injured in the northern port city of Haiphong during a guerrilla-style clash between authorities and farmers who tried to fend off a land eviction by laying homemade land mines and firing improvised shotguns. Doan Van Vuon (49) had long been at odds with authorities who proposed evicting him from 19 hectares (47 acres) of swamp land leased in 1993 on a 14-year contract. He had converted the area into a seafood farm. On Jan 17 PM Nguyen Tan Dung called for an investigation.
    (AP, 1/17/12)

2012        Jan 12, A Thai navy patrol caught a gang of dog smugglers on the shore of the Mekong River in Nakhon Phanom province. At least 750 dogs were to be transported through Laos to Vietnam, where dog meat is a delicacy.
    (AP, 1/12/12)

2012        Jan 19, Vietnam confirmed its first case death from bird flu in nearly 2 years, a day after Cambodia also logged its first fatality this year from the H5N1 virus.
    (SFC, 1/20/12, p.A2)

2012        Feb 22, China allegedly used force to threaten 11 Vietnamese fishermen preventing them from entering the Paracel islands to avoid a storm. A Vietnamese report on Feb 29 said Chinese forces assaulted the fishermen and tried to take their property.
    (AP, 3/1/12)

2012        Mar 3, Chinese forces intercepted two Vietnamese fishing boats near the disputed Paracel islands. The Chinese soon demanded 70,000 yuan ($11,000) for the release of 21 fishermen.
    (AP, 3/22/12)

2012        Mar 21, Vietnamese police seized five tons of frozen pangolins and iguanas that were destined for the cooking pot in China.
    (AFP, 3/23/12)

2012        Mar 15, CH. Karchang, a Thailand construction giant, officially began work on the $3.5 billion dam at Xayaburi in northern Laos. A December agreement by the Mekong River Commission had called for further study on the environmental impacts of the dam.
    (Econ, 5/5/12, p.43)(Econ, 9/7/13, p.40)

2012        Apr 4, A Vietnamese survey said nearly 50% of Vietnamese companies admit to bribing officials in order to bid on contracts, but experts said the real figure could be far higher.
    (AFP, 4/5/12)

2012        Apr 5, A Vietnamese survey reported that nearly a third of pre-school children in Vietnam suffer from malnutrition and stunted growth, while in urban areas rates of childhood obesity are rising. The study by the National Institute of Nutrition was based on research in 2009 and 2010.
    (AFP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 5, Buford, Wyoming, was purchased by Vietnamese businessman Pham Dinh Nguyen (38). He bid $900,000 for Buford, which consists of a gas station and convenience store, a 1905 schoolhouse, a cabin, a garage and a three-bedroom house on 10 acres between Cheyenne and Laramie. The town was formed as the Transcontinental Railroad was built in the 1860s. It was sold by Don Sammons, the self-proclaimed "mayor" who owned it for the past two decades and was its sole inhabitant.
    (AP, 4/13/12)

2012        Apr 17, In Vietnam Nguyen Quoc Quan (58) of California, a Vietnamese-American pro-democracy activist, was detained after arriving at the airport in southern Ho Chi Minh City. He was arrested and accused of terrorism for allegedly trying to sabotage liberation celebrations commemorating the end of the Vietnam War. Quan was released on Jan 30, 2013. Vietnam's Foreign Ministry said that Quan had "confessed to his crime" and asked for leniency to be reunited with his family.
    (AP, 4/29/12)(AP, 1/30/13)

2012        Apr 23, Philippine coast guard and fisheries bureau operatives arrested 12 Vietnamese fishermen for poaching endangered marine turtles, black corals and reef fishes in southern Philippines waters. Other foreign fishing boats spotted in the same area managed to flee toward Malaysia.
    (AP, 4/25/12)
2012        Apr 23, Vietnamese and US Navy troops conducted joint exercises in the South China Sea.
    (Econ, 4/28/12, p.44)

2012        Apr 24, Vietnamese riot police fired warning shots and tear gas to break up a protest by hundreds of angry farmers against a forced eviction on the outskirts of the capital Hanoi. The area is to be developed by EcoPark, a satellite city being built by a private company, Viet Hung Co. Ltd., which the farmers say was granted some 500 hectares of their land without proper negotiations. Police and security guards beat two state radio reporters who were watching them evict farmers from their land to make way for a massive privately built housing project.
    (AFP, 4/24/12)(AP, 5/8/12)

2012        May 16, In French Guiana an Ariane 5 rocket successfully launched two Asian telecoms satellites into orbit from the Kourou space center. It placed into orbit two geostationary satellites, the JCSAT-13 for the Japanese SKY Perfect JSAT Corporation, and the VINASAT-2 of the Vietnam Posts and Telecommunications Group.
    (AFP, 5/16/12)

2012        May 17, In central Vietnam a crowded overnight bus plunged off a bridge into the Serepok River, killing 34 people and injuring 21 others in one of the country's deadliest road accidents.
    (AFP, 5/18/12)

2012        Jun 21, China said it summoned Vietnam's ambassador and strongly protested a law adopted by the Vietnamese parliament that places the disputed Spratly and Paracel islands under Hanoi's sovereignty. China also announced it had elevated the administrative status of the Nansha (Spratly) and Xisha (Paracel) islands from a county to a prefectural-level district.
    (AFP, 6/21/12)

2012        Jun 29, The State Bank of Vietnam said it would lower the refinancing rate, charged on loans to commercial banks, to 10% from 11% effective July 1. This was its fifth cut so far this year as inflation cooled amid signs of weakening economic growth.
    (AFP, 7/1/12)

2012        Jul 8, In Vietnam Cuban President Raul Castro met with state leaders following a visit to China, as Havana looks to old communist allies while it attempts to push through historic economic reforms.
    (AFP, 7/8/12)

2012        Jul 23, The WWF conservation group ranked Vietnam the worst country for wildlife crime in its first-ever report on how well 23 Asian and African countries protect rhinos, tigers and elephants.
    (AP, 7/23/12)

2012        Jul 24, China upgraded Sansha to prefecture level. The area was created by bureaucrats in 2007 to oversee and administer one million square miles of the South China Sea. A new mayor declared Sansha, population of just 1,000, to be China's newest municipality. The city administration is on tiny Yongxing island, 350 km (220 miles) southeast from China's tropical Hainan Island. Vietnam and China both claim the Paracels, of which Yongxing, little more than half the size of Manhattan's Central Park, is part.
    (SFC, 7/24/13, p.A14)(Econ, 4/19/14, SR p.15)(AP, 7/24/12)

2012        Jul 30, In Vietnam Dang Thi Kim Lieng, the mother of a prominent blogger, died after setting herself on fire ahead of her daughter's trial for propaganda against the Communist state. Ta Phong Tan (43), a Catholic former policewoman, was arrested in September 2011 and has been held in detention along with two other bloggers.
    (AFP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 30, In Vietnam American Karin Joy Bowerman (27) died at a hospital in southern Nha Trang province. Canadian Cathy Huynh (26) died there two days later after developing similar symptoms and suffering a cardiac arrest. Both had stayed at the same guesthouse on Nguyen Thien Thuat street in Nha Trang.
    (AFP, 8/6/12)

2012        Aug 1, Vietnamís state media said a soldier has been thrown out of the army after posting graphic photographs on Facebook of the torture and killing of 2 rare wild monkeys.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)

2012        Aug 5, Communist Vietnamís first gay pride parade took place in the capital Hanoi with dozens of cyclists displaying balloons and rainbow flags streaming through the city's streets.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)

2012        Aug 9, The US for the first time began a $43 million cleanup up dioxin from Agent Orange that was stored at its former Danang military base, now part of Danang's airport.
    (AP, 8/9/12)

2012        Aug 10, In Vietnam a Hanoi court convicted blogger Le Thanh Tung (44) of "propaganda against the state" by over Internet articles for the banned Vietnam Freedom and Democracy Movement.
    (AFP, 8/11/12)

2012        Aug 14, In Vietnam hundreds of villagers stormed a local government office overnight, smashing furniture and seriously injuring two officials in connection with a land dispute.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)

2012        Aug 18, In Vietnam at least 17 people were killed as Typhoon Kai-Tak, now downgraded to a tropical depression, barreled across northern Vietnam bringing high winds and floods to several areas including the capital Hanoi. The typhoon had already left 2 dead in China and 4 dead in the Philippines.
    (AFP, 8/18/12)(AFP, 8/19/12)(AFP, 8/20/12)

2012        Aug 19, In Vietnam Le Quoc Quan, who blogs on a range of sensitive topics including civil rights, political pluralism and religious freedom, was struck with a steel baton near his Hanoi home. He believed the police were behind the attack.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)

2012        Aug 20, In Vietnam Nguyen Duc Kien (48), a shareholder in some of Vietnam's largest financial institutions, was taken into custody after police raided his Hanoi home and seized documents. He was arrested for illegal business activities. Kien is a founder of Asia Commercial Bank (ACB), one of the largest banks in Vietnam, which counts global banking giant Standard Chartered as one of its "strategic partners." The banking tycoon and football fanatic was arrested and charged with failing to obtain proper licenses for three small investment firms that he chaired.
    (AFP, 8/21/12)(Econ, 8/25/12, p.32)

2012        Sep 4, Vietnamese police seized four tiger cubs and 118 endangered pangolins from suspected wildlife smugglers.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)

2012        Sep 13, In Vietnam a record numbers of people visited the dissident blog sites and the bloggers pledged to keep up their struggle for freedom of expression. Vietnam's government has vowed to crack down on three dissident blogs.
    (AP, 9/14/12)

2012        Sep 24, A Vietnamese court issued jail sentences from 4 to 12 years to three bloggers who wrote about human rights abuses, corruption and foreign policy.
    (SFC, 9/25/12, p.A2)

2012        Oct 5, In Vietnam two vessels collided in Halong Bay. 18 Taiwanese tourists were plunged into the bay without life jackets and 5 drowned.
    (AP, 10/6/12)

2012        Oct 2, Nguyen Chi Thien (73), Vietnamese poet, died in Orange County, Ca. In 1979 he managed to pass 400 of his poems to the British ambassador in Hanoi before being arrested. They were later published as ďflowers of Hell" and won for him the Intíl. Poetry Award in 1985.
    (Economist, 10/13/12, p.114)

2012        Dec 2, In Vietnam a mortar shell left from the Vietnam War has exploded in a southern village, killing four children and seriously injuring five other people. Government figures showed that unexploded ordnance killed more than 42,000 people since the war ended in 1975.
    (AP, 12/2/12)

2012        Dec 4, Vietnam said it would begin new patrols in the South China Sea after it accused a Chinese fishing boat of cutting a seismic cable attached to one of its vessels exploring for oil and gas. India also said it would consider sending navy vessels to protect its interests in the area.
    (SFC, 12/5/12, p.A3)

2012        Dec 10, South Africa said its diplomats have signed an agreement with Vietnam to try and halt the trade of horns taken from poached rhinoceros.
    (AP, 12/11/12)

2012        Dec 27, Vietnamese police detained Le Quoc Quan (41), a well-known dissident lawyer, escalating a crackdown on those who speak out against the country's one-party, authoritarian rule.
    (AP, 12/28/12)

2012        In Vietnam 9 executives of shipbuilder Vinashin were jailed for up to 20 years following the companyís 2010 near collapse under $4.5 billion of debt.
    (Economist, 9/15/12, p.37)

2013        Jan 9, A Vietnamese court found 14 democracy activists guilty of subversion and sentenced them to jail terms ranging from 3-13 years.
    (SFC, 1/10/13, p.A5)

2013        Jan 23, Vietnam announced the arrest of Pham Thanh Tan,former head of the state-owned Agribank, for irresponsibility causing serious consequences. This was the 5th arrest of a senior Agribank executive in as many months. The previous four faced charges of embezzlement and theft totalling some $7 million.
    (Econ, 2/2/13, p.64)

2013        Jan 24, Vietnamís Laborer newspaper quoted Minister of Public Security Tran Dai Quang as saying Vietnam will produce its own drug for executing prisoners. Factories in the EU have stopped shipments because of objections there to the death penalty.
    (AP, 1/24/13)

2013        Mar 29, Vietnam unveiled its new, 1,864-foot-long steel Dragon Bridge in Da Nang shaped like a dragon that literally shoots fire from its mouth. It cost about $85 million to construct and was built by the Louis Berger Group, a New Jersey-based construction and architecture firm.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dragon_River_Bridge)

2013        Apr, China said it will open the Paracel Islands to tourists. China had expelled Vietnam from the islands in 1974. A representative from the Vietnamese Foreign Ministryís National Boundary Commission gave a diplomatic note to a representative of the Chinese Embassy in Hanoi demanding that China cancel its plan to bring tourists to the Paracel archipelago.
    (Econ, 4/13/13, p.46)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paracel_Islands)

2013        May 9, It was reported that 460 Vietnamese men, women and children have fled to Australian shores so far this year.
    (AP, 5/9/13)

2013        May 12, Global Witness presented a report ďRubber Barons" on illegal logging and land grabbing in Cambodia by local and foreign companies, including the Vietnam Rubber Group.
    (Econ, 5/18/13, p.46)(www.youtube.com/watch?v=3epqpR9OBhY)

2013        May 15, In Vietnam a law, known as "Decision 20", came into effect. It requires that translation and editing be performed by an agency licensed by the government and that content is "appropriate to the people's healthy needs and does not violate Vietnamese press law." It also states that commercials running on foreign channels must be made in Vietnam.
    (AP, 5/16/13)

2013        May 16, A Vietnamese satellite TV company stopped airing international channels including BBC and CNN, citing a law which came into effect a day earlier.
    (AP, 5/16/13)

2013        May 23, In Vietnam Nick Vujicic (32), an Australian evangelical preacher, spoke before some 25,000 at a soccer stadium in Hanoi. He was born with a rare disorder characterized by the absence of all four limbs. His book ďUnstoppable: The Incredible Power of Faith in Action" was published in 2012. It was son translated into Vietnamese by Nguyen Bich Lan, who shares Vujicicís situation of being born with the rare disorder called tetra-amelia syndrome.
    (SFC, 5/25/13, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/prp5yev)

2013        May 27, In Vietnam legal scholar Cu Huy Ha Vu began a hunger strike to protest poor prison conditions. He was arrested in 2011 after filing a lawsuit against PM Nguyen Tan Dung for abuse of power.
    (Econ, 6/22/13, p.46)

2013        May, In Vietnam Pham Trung Dung, an Australian of Vietnamese origin, was arrested when customs officials reportedly found the heroin in his luggage as he was boarding a flight from Ho Chi Minh City to Australia. On June 27, 2014, Dung was sentenced to death for possessing more than 4 kg (8.8 pounds) of heroin.
    (AP, 6/27/14)

2013        Jun 13, Vietnam police arrested Pham Viet Dao (61), one of the country's best known bloggers, for posting criticism of the communist government.
    (AP, 6/14/13)

2013        Jun 15, Vietnam police arrested Dinh Nhat Uy (30), a blogger accused of posting "erroneous and slanderous" information about the communist government. He is the brother of Dinh Nguyen Kha, a student who was sentenced last month to eight years in jail for spreading propaganda against the state. So far this year, 46 bloggers or democracy activists have been convicted and imprisoned, more than the number of people locked up for violating national security laws in the whole of 2012.
    (AP, 6/16/13)
2013        Jun 15, In Vietnam legal scholar Cu Huy Ha Vu said he hasn't eaten since May 27 and that he won't until the prison officially replies to his complaints. He was among the many government critics who have been imprisoned as the Communist government, beset by economic troubles and complaints about corruption and inequality, cracks down on dissent.
    (AP, 6/19/13)

2013        Jun 19, Vietnamís Pres. Truong Tan Sang left Hanoi to pay his first state visit to China as President. The two countries signed a new strategic partnership during the visit.
    (http://tinyurl.com/k69vwr7)(Econ, 10/19/13, p.49)

2013        Jul 2, Vietnam became the 11th country from which all highly enriched uranium has been removed in the last four years. The news was announced during a meeting in Vienna on how to prevent potential bomb ingredients from falling into the wrong hands. The first uranium shipment from Vietnam's Dalat Nuclear Research Institute to Russia, where it originally came from, took place six years ago and there was a second delivery this month. The United States, the UN nuclear agency and Canada also provided assistance.
    (Reuters, 7/2/13)

2013        Jul 25, President Barack Obama and Vietnamese President Truong Tan Sang pledged to finish talks on a regional free-trade agreement by the end of the year. The two leaders clashed over human rights during their White House meeting.
    (Reuters, 7/26/13)

2013        Jul 31, In Russia police in Moscow detained 1,200 Vietnamese who were in the country illegally during a pre-dawn raid on a complex of small workshops.
    (AP, 8/1/13)

2013        Jul 27, In Vietnam Nguyen Van Hai (61), better known as Dieu Cay, resumed eating after 35 days after the Supreme People's Procuracy, the prosecutor's office, agreed to look into his claim of abusive treatment. He had been jailed for criticizing the country's rulers.
    (Reuters, 8/3/13)

2013        Jul, Haitiís government signed a deal with Vietnam to expand cooperation in energy, textiles, food and electronics.
    (Econ, 8/24/13, p.36)

2013        Sep 30, Tropical storm Wutip lashed central Vietnam after sinking at least two Chinese fishing boats near the Paracel Islands, leaving 75 fishermen missing.
    (AP, 9/30/13)

2013        Oct 1, Vietnam authorities said Typhoon Wutip has left a trail of destruction with at least 5 people dead, dozens of fishermen missing in the South China Sea and thousands of homes damaged.
    (AFP, 10/1/13)

2013        Oct 2, A Vietnam court jailed  Le Quoc Quan, a prominent human rights activist, for two and a half years after finding him guilty on tax evasion charges supporters say were aimed at muzzling critics of the Communist Party.
    (Reuters, 10/2/13)

2013        Oct 4, In Vietnam Vo Nguyen Giap (102), a brilliant and ruthless self-taught general, died in Hanoi. He drove the French out of Vietnam to free it from colonial rule and later forced the Americans to abandon their grueling effort to save the country from communism.
    (AP, 10/4/13)

2013        Oct 12, In Vietnam a blast at a fireworks factory killed at least 24 people. Police blamed other explosives stored at the site for the accident which also left many injured at the Z121 military facility north of Hanoi.
    (AP, 10/13/13)

2013        Oct 13, Chinaís PM Li Keqiang arrived in Vietnam for a 3-day visit.
    (Econ, 10/19/13, p.49)

2013        Oct 15, Typhoon Nari knocked down trees and damaged hundreds of houses in central Vietnam, forcing the evacuation of tens of thousands of people.
    (Reuters, 10/15/13)

2013        Nov 11, In Vietnam a weakened Typhoon Haiyan landed in the northern province of Quang Ninh. Some 14 people were killed, but all of them during the course of storm preparations.
    (http://tinyurl.com/q5f34kr)(Econ, 11/16/13, p.44)

2013        Nov 16, Vietnamís state media said flooding has killed at least 28 people over the last 24 hours, with 9 others missing and nearly 80,000 people displaced in Quang Ngai province.
    (Reuters, 11/16/13)

2013        Nov 19, Vietnam officials said the death toll from flooding, due to heavy rains that began Nov 14, has risen to 41.
    (SFC, 11/20/13, p.A4)

2013        Nov 28, Vietnam passed a revised Constitution that reaffirmed the dominant political and economic role of the Communist Party.
    (SFC, 11/29/13, p.A5)

2013        Dec 16, In Vietnam Duong Chi Dung (b.1957), former director of the Vietnam Maritime Bureau, former Chairman of the Board Members Maritime Corporation Vietnam (Vinalines), Standing Member of the Party of business, was sentenced to death on charges of embezzlement and 28 years in prison for intentionally violating state regulations on economic management causing serious consequences.
    (http://tinyurl.com/lg7xobd)

2013        Nick Turse authored ďKill Anything That Moves: The Real American War in Vietnam."
    (SSFC, 2/10/13, p.F5)

2014        Jan 10, The Philippines and Vietnam condemned a new Chinese law that requires foreign fishermen to seek Beijing's approval to operate in much of the South China Sea, but China's Foreign Ministry insisted it has the right do so.
    (AP, 1/10/14)

2014        Jan 20, Vietnam sentenced 30 drug smugglers to death in the communist country's largest ever narcotics case, involving scores of male and female defendants and nearly two tons of heroin.
    (AFP, 1/20/14)

2014        Jan 28, Togo police said they have arrested 3 men after discovering nearly two tons of ivory in a container marked for shipping to Vietnam.
    (AP, 1/28/14)

2014        Feb 17, Cambodian police arrested two Vietnamese men who were trying to smuggle almost 80 kg (176 pounds) of illegal ivory from Angola.
    (AP, 2/17/14)

2014        Mar 4, In Vietnam dissident blogger Truong Duy Nhat (50) was sentenced to two years in prison for posting online criticism of Vietnam's authoritarian government.
    (AP, 3/4/14)

2014        Mar 19, In Vietnam a court sentenced dissident Pham Viet Dao to 15 months in prison for posting online criticism of the government.
    (SFC, 3/20/14, p.A2)

2014        Apr 14, Vietnam said it has granted early release to two high-profile dissidents, bringing the number of democracy activists freed this month to three in what the government called a "policy of leniency." Vi Duc Hoi and Nguyen Tien Trung were released over the weekend with 1Ĺ years and nine months remaining of their sentences respectively.
    (AP, 4/14/14)

2014        Apr 18, In Vietnam a Chinese man who was being repatriated from Vietnam along with 15 other migrants seized a gun from a border guard, triggering a gunfight and standoff in which five Chinese and two Vietnamese guards died.
    (AP, 4/18/14)

2014        May 1, China deployed a $1 billion deep sea rig near the Paracel Islands and the flotilla of escort ships, some armed, in a gradual campaign of asserting its sovereignty in the South China Sea. After China stationed the oil rig, Vietnam immediately dispatched marine police and fishery protection vessels but they were harassed as they approached.
    (AP, 5/7/14)

2014        May 4, A Chinese vessel intentionally rammed two Vietnamese Sea Guard vessels in a part of the disputed South China Sea where Beijing has deployed a giant oil rig, sending tensions spiraling in the region.
    (Reuters, 5/7/14)

2014        May 5, Vietnam demanded China stop oil drilling operations in a disputed patch of the South China Sea, saying that Beijing's decision to deploy a deep sea rig over the weekend was illegal.
    (AP, 5/514)

2014        May 8, China accused Vietnam of intentionally colliding with its ships in the South China Sea, but called for talks to end a bitter row sparked by Beijing's parking of a giant oil rig in contested waters.
    (Reuters, 5/8/14)

2014        May 10, In Myanmar Southeast Asian foreign ministers voiced "serious concerns" over naval clashes between Vietnam and China as the ASEANís top official urged Beijing to step up efforts to advance talks on maritime security.
    (Reuters, 5/10/14)

2014        May 11, Myanmar hosted the Southeast Asian summit (ASEAN) as  Vietnam and the Philippines pushed for stronger action to confront China's aggressive behavior in the South China Sea.
    (AP, 5/11/14)

2014        May 13, In Vietnam several thousand workers protested at Chinese-owned factories, vandalizing some of them, as anger flared at Beijing's deployment of an oil rig in waters claimed by Vietnam.
    (AP, 5/13/14)

2014        May 14, In Vietnam a 1,000-strong mob stormed a Taiwanese steel mill in Ha Tinh province and hunted down Chinese workers, killing one, attacking scores more and then setting the complex alight in response to Beijing's deployment of an oil rig in the long-disputed South China Sea. State-owned China Metallurgical Group later reported that 4 of its workers were killed. Some 600 Chinese crossed into Cambodia over the land border in southern Vietnam.
    (AP, 5/15/14)(AP, 5/20/14)(SFC, 5/21/14, p.A2)

2014        May 16, Filipinos and Vietnamese residents in Manila staged a joint protest against China's incursions into South China Sea territories claimed by their countries.
    (AP, 5/16/14)

2014        May 17, Vietnam's PM Nguyen Tan Dun ordered an end to all "illegal protests" in the country after a week of violent demonstrations against China's deployment of an oil rig in a disputed section of the South China Sea.
    (AP, 5/17/14)
2014        May 17, China's public security chief urged Vietnam to take tough measures to stem anti-China violence and punish rioters following deadly attacks there earlier this week.
    (Reuters, 5/17/14)

2014        May 18, Vietnam smothered anti-China protests with a massive security clampdown after deadly riots triggered by a territorial dispute with Beijing spooked foreign investors and the country's leadership alike. Beijing said it had evacuated 3,000 nationals from Vietnam and was sending the first of five ships to pull out others wanting to leave.
    (AP, 5/18/14)

2014        May 19, Hundreds of Chinese workers left Vietnam on ships chartered by their government after deadly unrest broke out last week amid a dispute over sovereignty claims in the South China Sea.
    (AP, 5/19/14)

2014        May 21, Vietnamese PM Nguyen Tan Dung said Vietnam and the Philippines are determined to oppose Chinese infringement of their territorial waters.
    (Reuters, 5/21/14)

2014        May 23, In Vietnam a woman (67) died after setting herself on fire in downtown Ho Chi Minh City in protest against China's deployment of an oil rig in waters claimed by Hanoi.
    (AP, 5/23/14)

2014        May 26, Some 40 Chinese fishing boats surrounded a Vietnamese fishing boat before one of them rammed it and it sank not far from where China has parked an oil rig in the disputed South China Sea. Vietnamese fishing boats operating nearby rescued the 10 fishermen on board.
    (Reuters, 5/27/14)

2014        Jun 9, China denounced Vietnam and the Philippines for getting together on the Vietnamese-held island of Southwest Cay, a disputed island in the South China Sea, to play soccer and volleyball, calling it "a clumsy farce" and demanded both countries stop causing trouble.
    (Reuters, 6/9/14)

2014        Jun 19, China said it is moving a second oil rig closer to Vietnam's coast, showing its determination to press its territorial claims and continue searching for resources in disputed waters despite a tense confrontation with Vietnam over another oil rig to the south.
    (AP, 6/19/14)

2014        Jun, In Vietnam Nguyen Duc Kien, a banking tycoon was jailed for 30 years for tax evasion and illegal lending.
    (Econ, 11/15/14, p.79)

2014        Jul 3, Chinese patrol ships arrested six Vietnamese fishermen in waters off China's Hainan Island. An official in the district where the fishermen came from, said the arrests took place in disputed waters near the Gulf of Tonkin.
    (AP, 7/4/14)
2014        Jul 3, In South Korea the display manufacturing unit of Samsung Electronics Co. said it secured approval from Vietnam to build a $1 billion factory in the Southeast Asian country.
    (AP, 7/3/14)

2014        Jul 7, A Vietnamese military helicopter on a parachute training mission crashed 24 miles west of to Hanoi, killing 16 people on board and critically injuring five others. 2 of the injured soon died.
    (AP, 7/7/14)(AP, 7/8/14)

2014        Jul 16, Vietnam said China has moved an oil rig out of waters claimed by Hanoi. Two months of drilling had triggered a near-breakdown in ties between the neighbors and led to deadly protests in Vietnam.
    (AP, 7/16/14)

2014        Aug 1, Japan announced that it will give Vietnam six naval gunboats to boost its patrol capacity.
    (Econ, 8/16/14, p.33)

2014        Aug 3, In Vietnam some 300 activists led a colorful parade through Hanoi in the nation's largest ever gay pride event, as the communist country shows signs of increasing tolerance of sexual difference.
    (AFP, 8/3/14)
2014        Aug 3, In Vietnam two women were arrested for allegedly trafficking a child at an orphanage in a Hanoi pagoda famed for rescuing abandoned babies.
    (AFP, 8/4/14)

2014        Aug 7, Chinaís state media said plans are in place to build lighthouses on five islands in the South China Sea, in defiance of calls from the United States and the Philippines for a freeze on such activity to ease tension over rival claims. At least two of the islands appear to be in waters also claimed by Vietnam.
    (Reuters, 8/7/14)

2014        Aug 27, China and Vietnam said they're committed to negotiating maritime disputes to avoid a recurrence of tensions that spiked when China deployed an oil rig in waters claimed by Hanoi.
    (AP, 8/27/14)

2014        Sep 18, A Vietnamese court sentenced four policemen to up to 17 years in prison for beating a suspect to death, in an unusually harsh punishment for police brutality.
    (AP, 9/18/14)

2014        Sep 29, China reported that policeman Li Shunlin died last week after about 20 Vietnamese citizens attacked him and other officers who had impounded a vessel suspected of smuggling in southern China.
    (AP, 9/29/14)

2014        Oct 2, A Vietnamese oil tanker went missing after pirates stormed the ship and siphoned off some of its cargo. It was released after a week. The deputy captain of the Sunrise 689, Pham Van Hoang, said a group of more than 10 men, who he thought were Indonesian, armed with guns and knives in two speedboats boarded the tanker shortly after it left Singapore for Vietnam.
    (AP, 10/9/14)
2014        Oct 2, US Sec of State John Kerry told Vietnamís foreign minister that the US would partially ease its ban on sales of weapons, in effect since 1984.
    (Econ, 10/11/14, p.45)

2014        Oct 3, Vietnam welcomed a decision by the US government to ease a 40-year ban on lethal arms sales, saying it will benefit both nations.
    (AP, 10/3/14)(AFP, 10/3/14)

2014        Oct 17, Chinaís Vice President Li Yuanchao called on China and Vietnam to enhance political trust and manage maritime disputes in a meeting with Vietnamese Defense Minister Phung Quang Thanh in Beijing.
    (AP, 10/18/14)

2014        Oct 21, Nguyen Van Hai, one of Vietnam's most prominent bloggers, arrived in the US after being freed from prison in Vietnam. Hai, alias Dieu Cay, was sentenced to 12 years in September 2012 by a court in southern Vietnam on charges of anti-state propaganda.
    (AFP, 10/22/14)

2014        Oct 24, Vietnam banking sources and state media said police have detained Ha Van Tham, one of the country's biggest tycoons. The founder and chairman of conglomerate Ocean Group was detained on suspicion of financial irregularities.
    (Reuters, 10/24/14)

2014        Oct 27, China and Vietnam agreed to use an existing border dispute mechanism to find a solution to a territorial dispute in the South China Sea, saying they did not want it to affect relations.
    (Reuters, 10/27/14)

2014        Nov 13, US Pres. Barack Obama, in Myanmar for the East Asian summit, held his first formal meeting with Vietnamese PM Nguyen Tan Dong.
    (Reuters, 11/13/14)

2014        Nov 14, Vietnam launched an IPO for a 3.5% stake in Vietnam Airlines. No foreign invester participated in the offer.
    (Econ, 11/22/14, p.58)

2014        Dec 16, In Vietnam rescue teams struggled to save 12 laborers trapped and running low on oxygen after a tunnel collapsed earlier in the day during construction of a hydropower plant in the Central Highlands province of Lam Dong. All twelve were rescued on Dec 19.
    (Reuters, 12/16/14)(Reuters, 12/17/14)(AP, 12/19/14)

2014        Dec 20, State media reported that China has offered more than $3 billion in loans and aid to neighbors Cambodia, Vietnam, Myanmar, Thailand and Laos to improve infrastructure and production, and to fight poverty.
    (Reuters, 12/20/14)

2014        Dec 26, In Vietnam senior Chinese and Vietnamese officials agreed to settle their maritime disputes without resorting to ďmegaphone diplomacy," during a meeting in Hanoi.
    (Reuters, 12/27/14)

2014        Dec 27, Vietnamese police detained Nguyen Dinh Ngoc (48), the third blogger in a month in the latest crackdown on dissent in the communist country.
    (AP, 12/28/14)

2015        Jan 2, A Norwegian cargo vessel, the "Bulk Jupiter," sank off Vietnam. Bergen-based Gearbulk said only one of the 19 Filipino crew members was known to have survived. The lone survivor was the chief cook on the ship, but he refused to cooperate with rescuers.
    (AP, 1/3/15)

2015        Jan 7, Vietnamese police detained lawmaker Chau Thi Thu Nga (49) for alleged fraud involving a housing project.
    (AP, 1/8/15)

2015        Jan 28, In Vietnam a UH-1 "Huey" chopper crashed in farmland on soon after taking off from Ho Chi Minh City on a training flight killing 4 crew members.
    (AP, 1/30/15)

2015        Jan, Vietnamís PM Nguyen Tan Dung's approved in principle a new casino at Phu Quoc, a resort island in the Gulf of Thailand. The Finance Ministry proposed that the new decree allow Vietnamese who are over 21 years of age, financially secure and without any criminal record to play in selected casinos.
    (AP, 1/23/15)

2015        Feb 4, A Vietnamese police officer said authorities have buried thousands of cats, many apparently still alive, that were seized last week after being smuggled in a truck from China for restaurants. The truck driver to whom the cargo belonged, was fined 7.5 million dong ($360).
    (AP, 2/4/15)

2015        Mar 11, It was reported that the United States has asked Vietnam to stop letting Russia use a former US base to refuel nuclear-capable bombers engaged in shows of strength over the Asia-Pacific region, exposing strains in Washington's steadily warming relations with Hanoi.
    (Reuters, 3/11/15)

2015        Mar 19, In Vietnam Hanoi leader Nguyen The Thao put the cutting of old trees to a stop a few days after some 20,000 people gathered to object to the uprooting of some 500 old trees as part of a plan to replace some 6,700 mature trees.
    (Econ., 4/18/15, p.34)

2015        Mar 25, In Vietnam least 14 people were killed and 30 injured late today when a huge scaffolding collapsed at an industrial complex owned by Taiwanís Formosa Plastics group in the Vung Ang economic zone of Vietnamís Ha Tinh province.
    (Reuters, 3/26/15)

2015        Apr 1, In Vietnam thousands of workers at a major footwear factory were on strike for a sixth day over a social insurance law in a rare challenge to government policy. The strike at the Taiwanese-owned Pou Yuen factory in southern Ho Chi Minh City began March 26.
    (AP, 4/1/15)

2015        Apr 2, In Vietnam workers at a major footwear factory for Nike and Adidas ended a weeklong strike after the government agreed to their demands on retirement payouts.
    (AP, 4/2/15)

2015        May 8, Newly released images showed Vietnam has carried out significant land reclamation at two sites in the disputed South China Sea, though the scale and pace is dwarfed by that of China.
    (Reuters, 5/8/15)

2015        May 20, The Chinese navy warned a US surveillance plane flying over artificial islands that Beijing is creating in the disputed South China Sea to leave the area eight times. The mission over Fiery Cross Reef showed sand being sucked from the bottom of the sea and sprayed onto the island-in-the-making by Chinese dredgers. The Philippines and Vietnam both say they own Fiery Cross Reef.
    (Reuters, 5/21/15)(Econ, 5/30/15, p.37)

2015        May 31, US Defense Secretary Ash Carter pledged $18 million to help Vietnam buy US patrol boats, shortly after touring a Vietnamese coast guard vessel that was hit by a Chinese ship during a skirmish in the South China Sea.
    (Reuters, 5/31/15)

2015        Jun 12, The tiny Pacific nation of Palau, fighting a rising tide of illegal fishing in its waters, set fire to four boats belonging to Vietnamese caught poaching sea cucumbers and other marine life in its waters.
    (AP, 6/12/15)

2015        Jun 26, Thailand's military government forced a human rights group to cancel the public launch of its report on the Vietnamese government's persecution of an ethnic minority, saying it could affect national security and bilateral relations. The report by the New York-based Human Rights Watch describes persecution of Montagnard Christians in Vietnam's Central Highlands.
    (AP, 6/26/15)

2015        Jun 27, Le Quoc Quan, one of Vietnam's most prominent dissidents, vowed to continue his anti-China activism after being released from prison after serving two and a half years on tax evasion charges.
    (AFP, 6/27/15)

2015        Jul 7, In Washington, DC, Pres. Obama met with Nguyen Phu Trong, the head of Vietnamís Communist Party. Obama said that despite differences over political philosophy the two countries are deepening cooperation on health, climate and other issues.
    (SFC, 7/8/15, p.A2)

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