Today in History - January 6

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Traditional day of the Epiphany, the day that the three kings, Melchior, Gaspar and Balthazar brought to Jesus gifts of Gold, Incense and Myrhh.
 (Cafe Clovis, SF, 1/4/98)

01CE        Jan 6, Traditional day of the Epiphany, the day that the three kings, Melchior, Gaspar and Balthazar brought to Jesus gifts of Gold, Incense and Myrrh.
    (Cafe Clovis, SF, 1/4/98)

1066        Jan 6, (Harald) Harold Godwinson, Earl of Wessex, was crowned King of England.
    (TLC, BTCW, 6/25/95)(HN, 1/6/99)

1215        Jan 6, King John met with disgruntled barons of northern England who demanded that taxes be lowered.
    (ON, 7/04, p.1)

1367        Jan 6, Richard II, son of Edward the Black Prince, was born in Bordeaux. He served as king of England from 1377-1399.
    (HN, 1/6/99)(MC, 1/6/02)

1412        Jan 6, According to tradition, French heroine Joan of Arc was born Jeanette d'Arc in the French village of Domrémy. When she was 12 years old, she began hearing what she believed were voices of saints, sending her messages from God. When she was 17, the voices told her to leave her village and save Orléans. Joan convinced the dauphin that she could lead French troops in resistance against their English invaders, and she was given a force of several hundred men to command, whom she led to victory at Orléans in 1429. Wearing her white enameled armor suit, she continued to fight against the English. Joan was captured by Burgundians and then burned at the stake by the English on May 30, 1431, for the offenses of witchcraft, heresy and wearing male clothing. The Roman Catholic Church recognized Joan of Arc as a saint in 1920.
    (CFA, '96,Vol 179,  p.38)(AP, 1/6/98)(HNPD, 1/6/99)

1493        Jan 6, Columbus encountered the Pinta along the north coast of Hispaniola.
    (ON, 8/09, p.2)

1497        Jan 6, Jews were expelled from Graz, Syria. [see Mar 12, 1496]
    (MC, 1/6/02)

1537        Jan 6, Alessandro de' Medici (b.1510), Italian monarch of Florence, was assassinated by his cousin Lorenzino (d.1548). This event was commemorated in the bust Brutus by Michelangelo. Cosimo I (18) came to power following the murder of Alessandro.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alessandro_de%27_Medici,_Duke_of_Florence)(AM, 7/05, p.36)

1540        Jan 6, England's King Henry VIII married his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves. The marriage lasted about six months.
    (HN, 1/6/99)(AP, 1/6/98)

1558        Jan 6, The French seized the British held port of Calais.
    (HN, 1/6/99)

1579        Jan 6, The Union of Atrecht (French: Arras) was an accord signed in Atrecht (Arras), under which the southern states of the Spanish Netherlands, today in Wallonia and the Nord-Pas-de-Calais (and Picardy) regions in France, expressed their loyalty to the Spanish king Philip II and recognized the landlord, Don Juan de Austria. It is to be distinguished from the Union of Utrecht, signed later in the same month. The Peace of Arras ensured that the southern provinces of The Netherlands were reconciled to Philip II. It joined the Low Country Walloons (Catholics) with those of Hainaut and Artois.
    (http://en.allexperts.com/e/u/un/union_of_atrecht.htm)(PCh, 1992, p.200)

1617        Jan 6, Pocahontas, American Indian princess, attended a court masque with King James I and Queen Anne.
    (ON, 2/07, p.9)

1639        Jan 6, Virginia became the 1st colony to order surplus crops (tobacco) destroyed.
    (MC, 1/6/02)

1663        Jan 6, There was a great earthquake in New England.
    (MC, 1/6/02)

1681        Jan 6, 1st recorded boxing match was between the Duke of Albemarle's butler and his butcher.
    (MC, 1/6/02)

1695        Jan 6, Giuseppe Sammartini, composer, was born.
    (MC, 1/6/02)

1759        Jan 6, George Washington and Martha Dandridge Custis were married. George had 28 slaves and Martha had 109.
    (AP, 1/6/98)(SFEC, 5/2/99, Z1 p.8)

1785        Jan 6, Haym Salomon (44) died in Philadelphia. He helped finance the US revolution.
    (MC, 1/6/02)

1790        Jan 6, Johann Trier (73), composer, died.
    (MC, 1/6/02)

1811        Jan 6, Charles Sumner (d.1874), leading anti-slavery senator and author, was born in Boston. He was active in the movement to outlaw war, opposed the Mexican War and was a founder in 1848 of the Free-Soil party. A senator from Massachusetts, Sumner was an ardent abolitionist and helped organize the Republican party. In c1867 Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner popularized the name Alaska for the territory that had been known as Russian America in a famous Senate speech supporting the treaty to purchase Russian America: "There is the National flag. He must be cold, indeed, who can look upon its folds rippling in the breeze without pride of country. If in a foreign land, the flag is companionship, and country itself, with all its endearments."
    (HNQ, 9/28/98)(AP, 6/14/97)(HNQ, 11/17/98)

1822        Jan 6, Heinrich Schliemann (d.1890), German businessman and amateur archeologist, was born. He began excavating Troy in 1870 following a visit to Hissarlik in 1868.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heinrich_Schliemann)(http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/849)

1832        Jan 6, Gustave Dore, illustrator (Inferno, Ancient Mariner), was born in Strasbourg, France.
    (MC, 1/6/02)

1838        Jan 6, Max Bruch, composer Scottish Fantasy), was born in Cologne, Germany.
    (MC, 1/6/02)
1838        Jan 6, Samuel Morse (1791-1872) first publicly demonstrated his telegraph, in Morristown, N.J. In 2003 David Paul Nickles authored "Under the Wire," a history of the telegraph and its impact on the world.
    (AP, 1/6/98)(WSJ, 1/7/04, p.D10)

1850        Jan 6, Franz Xaver Scharwenka, German pianist and composer (Mataswintha), was born.
    (MC, 1/6/02)

1851        Jan 6, Leon Foucault (d.1868), French scientist, watched a pendulum swing and shift its plane of motion. This he realized was due to the rotation of the Earth. In 2003 Amir D. Aczel authored "Pendulum: Leon Foucault and the Triumph of Science."
    (WSJ, 8/28/03, p.D18)

1852        Jan 6, Louis Braille (43) died of tuberculosis in France. He had been blinded by an accident during childhood and spent years developing a system to read by touch. In 1997 Russell Freedman wrote "Out of Darkness: The Story of Louis Braille."
    (SFEC, 7/6/97, BR p.10)(ON, 10/04, p.9)( http://www.brailler.com/braillehx.htm)

1857        Jan 6, Patent for reducing zinc ore was granted to Samuel Wetherill in Penn.
    (MC, 1/6/02)

1861        Jan 6, Florida troops seized the Federal arsenal at Apalachicola.
    (MC, 1/6/02)
1861        Jan 6, Governor of Maryland sent a message to the people of Maryland, strongly opposing Maryland’s secession from the Union.
    (HN, 1/6/99)
1861        Jan 6, NYC mayor proposed that NY become a free city to continue trading with the North & South.
    (MC, 1/6/02)

1866        Jan 6, In Hawaii the first leprosy patients arrived at the new leper settlement of Kalawao on the east side of Molokai’s Makanalua Peninsula. It was established by King Kamehameha V.
    (SSFC, 9/12/10, p.M1)(www.whirledwydeweb.com/kalaupapa/chronology.html)

1872        Jan 6, Alexander N. Scriabin, composer (Prometheus), was born in Moscow.
    (MC, 1/6/02)

1878        Jan 6, Carl Sandburg, U.S. journalist, poet and biographer who won a Pulitzer Prize in history for his biography of Abraham Lincoln, was born. "There are people who want to be everywhere at once, and they get nowhere."
    (HN, 1/6/99)(AP, 7/13/99)

1880        Jan 6, Tom Mix, silent screen cowboy actor (Dick Turpin), was born in Mix Run, Pa.
    (MC, 1/6/02)

1882        Jan 6, Sam Rayburn, U.S. congressman from Texas who became the Speaker of the House of Representatives (1940-46, 1949-53), was born.
    (HN, 1/6/99)

1884        Jan 6, Gregor Mendel (b.1822), Austrian botanist and Augustine monk, died at age 61. He is considered to be the father of genetics.
    (NH, 6/01, p.30)(MC, 1/6/02)

1893        Jan 6, Vincas Mykolaitis-Putinas (d.1967), writer and poet, was born in Lithuania.
    (LHC, 1/6/03)
1893        Jan 6, Great Northern Railway connected Seattle with east coast.
    (MC, 1/6/02)

1903        Jan 6, George Pardee (1857-1941), former mayor of Oakland (1893-1895), was inaugurated as governor of California. Pardee served a single term to 1907.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Governors_of_California)(SFC, 1/8/09, p.B1)
1903        Jan 6, Maurice Abravanel, conductor and composer, was born in Saloniki, Greece.
    (MC, 1/6/02)

1904        Jan 6, A Japanese railway in Korea refused to transport Russian troops.
    (HN, 1/6/99)

1907        Jan 6, Maria Montessori (1870-1952), Italian physician, educationist, opened her 1st school, Children’s House (Casa dei Bambini), in San Lorenzo, Italy.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maria_Montessori)(SFC, 1/6/07, p.B1)

1910        Jan 6, Wright Morris  (d.1998 at 88), author, was born in Central City, Nebraska. He wrote 33 books over his career.
    (SFC, 5/1/98, p.D7)
1910        Jan 6, Union leaders asked President Taft to investigate U.S. Steel practices.
    (HN, 1/6/99)

1912        Jan 6, New Mexico became the 47th state of the US.
    (HFA, '96, p.22)(AP, 1/6/98)

1914        Jan 6, Stock brokerage firm of Merrill Lynch was founded.
    (MC, 1/6/02)

1917        Jan 6, Hendrik P.G. Quack (82), lawyer and economist (Bank of Netherlands), died.
    (MC, 1/6/02)

1918        Jan 6, Germany acknowledged Finland’s independence.
    (HN, 1/6/99)
1918        Jan 6, George Cantor (b.1845), Russian-born German mathematician, died. He is best known as the creator of modern set theory and work with mathematical infinities.
    (http://encyclopedia.laborlawtalk.com/Georg_Cantor)

1919        Jan 6, The 26th president of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, died in Oyster Bay, N.Y., at age 60. "Put out the light" were his last words. In 1920 his autobiography was published by Scribner. In 1997 H.W. Brands published the biography: "T.R.: The Last Romantic." Around 1954 Carleton Putnam (d.1998), dropped his position as chairman of Delta Airlines and wrote the biography: "Theodore Roosevelt", that covered the first 28 years of Roosevelt’s life. Theodore Roosevelt coined the term "Good to the last drop," used by Maxwell House Coffee. The original Maxwell House hotel was in Nashville, Tenn. In 1980 Edmund Morris authored the Pulitzer Prize winning Vol 1: "The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt." In 1997 "T.R. The Last Romantic" by H.W. Brands was published. In 2001 Edmund Morris authored Vol 2: "Theodore Rex." In 2004 the Library of America published “Theodore Roosevelt: Letters and Speeches; The rough Riders, an Autobiography."
    (WSJ, 12/18/97, p.A20)(AP, 1/6/98)(SFC, 3/17/98, p.A20)(SFC, 6/27/98, p.E4)(WSJ, 9/27/99, p.A32)(ON, 12/99, p.12)(WSJ, 11/20/01, p.A16)(SFC, 10/21/04, p.E1)

1920        Jan 6, Sun Myung Moon, evangelist (Unification Church-Moonies), was born.
    (MC, 1/6/02)

1921        Jan 6, The U.S. Navy ordered the sale of 125 flying boats to encourage commercial aviation.
    (HN, 1/6/99)

1931        Jan 6, Edgar Laurence Doctorow (E.L. Doctorow), novelist (World's Fair, Ragtime), was born in NYC.
    (www.albany.edu/writers-inst/doctorow.html)

1932        Jan 6, Julius Rosenwald (b.1862), president of Sears, Roebuck & Co., died in Highland Park, Ill. By 1931 he had financed the construction of 5,295 schools throughout the South in association with Booker T. Washington and William Baldwin Jr., a Boston railway executive and founder of the Urban League.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julius_Rosenwald)(WSJ, 2/24/98, p.A22)(WSJ, 4/23/02, p.D7)

1936        Jan 6, The US Supreme Court ruled that the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 is unconstitutional.
    (SSFC, 1/18/09, p.D6)(http://public.getlegal.com/daily/history/01-06-2009)

1937        Jan 6, The U.S. banned the shipment of arms to war-torn Spain.
    (HN, 1/6/99)

1938        Jan 6, A bronze memorial statue of Henry Hudson was erected in Bronx.
    (MC, 1/6/02)

1939        Jan 6, Alfred Lion recorded his first Blue Note session with boogie-woogie and blues pianists Albert Ammons and Meade Lux Lewis. He had just founded the jazz label in New York. He was later joined by his Berlin friend and photographer Francis Wolff.
    (WSJ, 10/3/97, p.A8)(WSJ, 1/15/98, p.W10)
1939        Jan 6, Joe Arridy (23), a mentally disabled man, was executed in Colorado after being convicted of killing a Pueblo girl with a hatchet. Arridy appeared to have given a coerced confession and was likely not in Pueblo when Dorothy Drain (15) was killed on Aug 15, 1936. In 2011 outgoing Gov. Bill Ritter issued a posthumous pardon.
    (http://ccpl.lib.co.us/history_old/prisons/ArridyJoe.html)(SFC, 1/8/11, p.A5)

1941        Jan 6, President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress to support the lend-lease plan to help supply the Allies. In an address to Congress President Franklin Roosevelt expressed the general world aims of the United States as these "Four Freedoms": of speech and expression; of worship; from want; and from fear. Oscar Cox had helped draft the Lend-Lease Act.
    (HN, 1/6/99)(HNQ, 3/2/00)(WSJ, 2/18/05, p.W6)

1942        Jan 6, The Pan American Airways "Pacific Clipper" arrived in New York under Captain Robert Ford. He flew west from New Zealand to avoid Japanese attacks and became the first commercial pilot to make a round-the-world trip. The Pacific Clipper was known as a "flying boat." This flight was 31,500 miles and took 209 hours to complete.
    (AP, 1/6/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_314)

1944        Jan 6, Ida M. Tarbell (b.1857), teacher, author and muckraking journalist, died in Connecticut. She is best-known for her 1904 book “The History of the Standard Oil Company."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ida_Tarbell)

1945        Jan 6, Pepe Le Pew, the cartoon skunk created by Chuck Jones and voiced by Mel Blanc, debuted in Odor-Able Kitty.
    (AH, 2/05, p.16)(http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0037956/)
1945        Jan 6, George Herbert Walker Bush married Barbara Pierce in Rye, N.Y.
    (AP, 1/6/98)
1945        Jan 6, Boeing B-29’s in the Pacific struck new blows on Tokyo and Nanking.
    (HN, 1/6/99)

1942        Jan 6, The Pan American Airways "Pacific Clipper" arrived in New York under Captain Robert Ford. He flew west from New Zealand to avoid Japanese attacks and became the first commercial pilot to make a round-the-world trip. The Pacific Clipper was known as a "flying boat." This flight was 31,500 miles and took 209 hours to complete.
    (AP, 1/6/98)(http://tinyurl.com/yg3ttc7)
1946        Jan 6, Ho Chi Minh won North Vietnamese elections.
    (HN, 1/6/99)

1949        Jan 6, Victor Fleming (b.1889), Hollywood film director, died. He won his only Oscar for directing 60% of “gone with the Wind" (1939). In 2008 Michael Sragow authored “Victor Fleming: An American Movie Master."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Fleming)(WSJ, 12/11/08, p.A17)

1950        Jan 6, Britain recognized the Communist government of China.
    (AP, 1/6/00)
1950        Jan 6, Isaiah Bowman (b.1878), Canadian-born geographer, died in Baltimore, Md. He  served as the director of the American Geographical Society 1916-1935 and then became president of John Hopkins Univ.
    (www.bookrags.com/biography-isaiah-bowman/index.html)

1957        Jan 6, Elvis Presley made another appearance on the Ed Sullivan Show.
    (MC, 1/6/02)

1958        Jan 6, Moscow announced a reduction in its armed forces by 300,000.
    (HN, 1/6/99)

1961        Jan 6, in San Francisco a fire swept through the buck-a-night Thomas Hotel at 971 Mission St. killing 19 people and injuring 38.
    (SSFC, 1/2/11, p.42)

1963        Jan 6, "Oliver!" opened at Imperial Theater NYC for 774 performances.
    (MC, 1/6/02)
1963        Jan 6, Mutual of Omaha's "Wild Kingdom" with Marlin Perkins began on NBC.
    (AP, 1/6/03)(MC, 1/6/02)

1967        Jan 6, Some 16,000 US and 14,000 South Vietnamese troops started their biggest attack on the Iron Triangle, northwest of Saigon. They launched Operation Deckhouse V, an offensive in the Mekong River delta.
    (AP, 1/6/98) (HN, 1/6/99)

1968        Jan 6, Dr. Norman E. Shumway of Stanford performed the 1st US adult heart transplant. Mike Kasperak (54) lived for 2 weeks before he died of massive bleeding from other organs.
    (www.britannica.com/eb/article-9067567)(SFC, 2/11/06, p.B5)

1971        Jan 6, The 1964 Gulf of Tonkin resolution, which amounted to a declaration of war against Vietnam, was repealed by Congress. US Senators Wayne Morse of Oregon and Ernest Gruening of Alaska share the distinction of casting the only votes against the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution on August 7, 1964. The resolution supported President Lyndon Johnson's military actions against North Vietnam in retaliation for its attack on a US spy ship in the Tonkin Gulf. The resolution passed in the House 414-0 and the Senate 88-2.
    (www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1888.html)

1973        Jan 6, “You’re So Vain" by  Carly Simon peaked in the top 10 singles.
    (http://goodyoldies.com/billboard/1973.htm)

1974        Jan 6, David Alfaro Siqueiros (b.1896), Mexican artist (muralist), died. His work included the 1933 mural "Ejercicio Plastico" (Plastic Exercise), completed in Argentina at the home of newspaper magnate Natalio Botana (d.1941). In 1994 the 650-square-foot work fell into a legal limbo.
    (SFC, 2/13/99, p.A24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Alfaro_Siqueiros)

1975        Jan 6, The NBC TV game show “Wheel of Fortune", created by Merv Griffin (1925-2007), premiered.
    (WSJ, 8/15/07, p.D12)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0072584/)
1975        Jan 6, George Price (b.1922), American scientist, exhausted his generosity by slashing his own throat with a pair of scissors. In 2010 Oren Harman authored “The Price of Altruism: George Price and the Search for the Origins of Kindness."
    (Econ, 5/22/10, p.89)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_R._Price)

1976        Jan 6, Ted Turner purchased the Atlanta Braves for reported $12 million.
    (www.referenceforbusiness.com/biography/S-Z/Turner-Ted-1938.html)

1977        Jan 6, William Gropper (b.1897), painter and political cartoonist, died. He worked for the radical publications "The Masses" and "Art Front."
    (SFC, 2/5/97, p.E1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Gropper)

1978        Jan 6, John D. MacArthur (b.1897), US insurance billionaire and philanthropist, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_D._MacArthur)
1978        Jan 6, The Wild-2 comet was discovered by Swiss astronomer Paul Wild.
    (SFC, 2/6/99, p.A8)(www.solarviews.com/eng/cometwild2.htm)

1980        Jan 6, Indira Gandhi's Congress Party won elections in India.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3bgwny)

1982        Jan 6, Truck driver William G. Bonin was convicted in Los Angeles of being the "freeway killer" who had murdered 14 young men and boys.
    (AP, 1/6/02)

1984        Jan 6, Texaco offered $125 per share for Getty oil stock superseding the Pennzoil offer of $112.50 per share. It became the biggest merger on record.
    (SFC, 1/8/95, p.7)

1985        Jan 6, Dan White (1946-1985), former SF supervisor and the killer in 1978 of SF Mayor Moscone and Supervisor Harvey Milk, was released from prison in Los Angeles.
    (SSFC, 1/3/10, DB p.46)
1985        Jan 6, Robert Welch, co-founder of the anti-Communist John Birch Society (1958), died. Welch was the editor and publisher of the monthly magazine American Opinion and the weekly "The Review of the News."
    (SFC, 8/5/96, p.A5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_W._Welch_Jr.)

1986        Jan 6, In Johannesburg, South Africa, Impala Platinum fired 20,000 black mine workers.
    (http://tinyurl.com/lnq3m)

1987        Jan 6, The US Senate voted 88-4 to establish an 11-member panel to hold public hearings on the Iran-Contra affair.
    (AP, 1/6/07)
1987        Jan 6, Astronomers reported sighting a new galaxy 12 billion light years away.
    (HN, 1/6/99)

1988        Jan 6, Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze was quoted by the Afghan news agency as saying the Kremlin wanted to pull an estimated 115,000 soldiers from Afghanistan in the coming year.
    (AP, 1/6/98)

1989        Jan 6, The United States presented photographic evidence to the U.N. Security Council to justify its shoot down of two Libyan jet fighters as self-defense, evidence the Libyan ambassador said was faked.
    (AP, 1/6/99)

1990        Jan 6, Defense Secretary Dick Cheney told CNN the U.S. invasion of Panama should not be viewed as a new "Bush doctrine" inclined toward military intervention in countries where democratic elections had been subverted.
    (AP, 1/6/00)

1991        Jan 6, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, in a television address, told his country to prepare for a long war against what he called "tyranny represented by the United States."
    (AP, 1/6/01)
1991        Jan 6, Federal regulators seized banks owned by Bank of New England Corporation in Massachusetts, Connecticut and Maine.
    (AP, 1/6/01)

1992        Jan 6, The United States joined the U.N. Security Council in condemning Israel's planned deportation of 12 Palestinians.
    (AP, 1/6/02)
1992        Jan 6, The US Food and Drug Administration called on surgeons to stop using silicone gel breast implants because of safety questions, but stopped short of an outright ban.
    (AP, 1/6/02)
1992        Jan 6, After two weeks of fighting, ousted Georgian President Zviad Gamsakhurdia fled the capital, Tbilisi.
    (AP, 1/6/02)

1993        Jan 6, Authorities rescued Jennifer Stolpa and infant son after her husband found help after an eight-day ordeal in the snow-covered Nevada desert.
    (AP, 1/6/98)
1993        Jan 6, Jazz trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie died in Englewood, N.J., at age 75. In 1999 Alyn Shipton published "Groovin' High: The Life of Dizzy Gillespie."
    (SFEC, 7/27/97, DB p.34)(AP, 1/6/98)(SFEC, 8/29/99, BR p.4)
1993        Jan 6, Ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev died of AIDS in Paris at age 54. In 1961 his defection from the Soviet Union made headline news. In 2007 Julie Kavanagh authored “Nureyev: The Life."
    (AP, 1/6/98)(WSJ, 10/1/98, p.A20)(SSFC, 10/14/07, p.M3)

1994        Jan 6, Figure skater Nancy Kerrigan was clubbed on the right leg by an assailant at Cobo Arena in Detroit. Four men, including Jeff Gillooly, the ex-husband of Kerrigan's rival, Tonya Harding, were later sentenced to prison. Harding, who denied advance knowledge, received probation after pleading guilty to conspiracy to hinder prosecution.
    (AP, 1/6/99)
1994        Jan 6, Virginia Kelley Clinton (70), mother of Pres Clinton, died in Hot Springs, Ark.
    (AP, 1/6/99)(MC, 1/6/02)

1995        Jan 6, Haitians housed at Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba were sent home by the U.S. military against the refugees' will and over protests of refugee advocates.
    (AP, 1/6/00)
1995        Jan 6, Ramzi Ahmed Yousef and Abdul Hakim Murad were arrested in Manila, Philippines, when explosives that they were mixing blew up and alerted the police. In their apartment were found bomb-making manuals and timers and evidence that they intended to blow up US jetliners. They were found guilty by a jury in New York on 9/5/96.
    (SFC, 9/6/96, p.C5)
1995        Jan 6, In South Africa Joe Slovo, a former leader of the South Africa Communist party and white hero of the liberations struggle, died. He was born in Obeliai, Lithuania, to a Jewish family who emigrated to South Africa when he was eight.
    (Econ, 3/3/12, p.62)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Slovo)

1996        Jan 6, President Clinton, bowing to months of Republican demands, offered a seven-year balanced-budget plan using Congressional Budget Office figures.
    (AP, 1/6/01)
1996        Jan 6, Republican candidates kicked off the 1996 presidential campaign year by shadowboxing with absent front-runner Bob Dole at a televised debate in Columbia, South Carolina.
    (AP, 1/6/01)
1996        Jan 6, In Iraq Saddam Hussein decreed economic austerity measures to cope with soaring inflation and widespread shortages caused by UN sanctions.
    (SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)
1996        Jan 6, In Gaza Yehiyeh Ayyash, a Hamas bomb-maker known as "the engineer" was assassinated by an explosives-rigged cellular phone. The operation was attributed to Israel.
    (SFC, 4/2/98, p.A12)(SFC, 3/23/04, p.A11)

1997        Jan 6, House Speaker Newt Gingrich met behind closed doors with Republican lawmakers, answering questions about admitted ethics violations and appealing for support in the upcoming speaker's election.
    (AP, 1/6/98)
1997        Jan 6, The Sun erupted with a "coronal mass ejection." The blast reached Earth on Jan 10, and may have played a role in the Jan 11 failure of the $200 million Telstar 401 communications satellite.
    (SFC, 1/23/97, p.A5)
1997        Jan 6, In Pakistan rulers established a security council to give the army an official role in running the country.
    (SFC, 1/7/97, p.A9)
1997        Jan 6, In Guatemala three officers, accused of ordering the 1990 assassination of sociologist Myrna Mack, sought amnesty under terms of the new treaty.
    (SFC, 1/7/97, p.A10)
1997        Jan 6, In Serbia on the Orthodox Christmas Eve the Yugoslav army announced that it would not interfere in the daily protests against Pres. Milosevic.
    (SFC, 1/7/97, p.A9)
1997        Jan 6, In Zaire at least 100 lawmakers quit Pres. Seko’s parliamentary alliance to join a new nationalist group. Their goal appeared to be to topple Prime Minister Kengo wa Dondo.
    (SFC, 1/7/97, p.A9)
1997        Jan 6, It was reported that Vietnam’s national Post and Telecommunications "108" information service responded to citizens questions. Operators handled about 250 calls per day and the service costs about 2.7 US cents.
    (WSJ, 1/6/97, p.B1)

1998        Jan 6, In a bid to expand health insurance, President Clinton unveiled a proposal to offer Medicare coverage to hundreds of thousands of uninsured Americans between the ages of 55 to 64.
    (AP, 1/6/99)
1998        Jan 6, A NASA Lunar Prospector, the 3rd robot mission of the Discovery Program, first scheduled for Jan 5, was launched.
    (SFEC, 1/4/98, p.A14)(SFC, 1/7/98, p.A3)
1998        Jan 6, In Bangladesh it was reported that frigid weather killed at least 165 people over the last 2 weeks.
    (SFC, 1/6/98, p.A10)
1998        Jan 6, In Guatemala Danita Gonzalez Plank de Orellana (32) of Philadelphia was kidnapped with her 6-month old daughter near Quezaltenango. the baby was soon found in a cardboard box. The mother’s body was found 8 days later. Police alleged that a gang under Rigoberto Antonio Morales (23) was responsible. Morales was recaptured 4 days after escaping from prison in June.
    (SFEC, 6/21/98, p.A13)
1998        Jan 6, In South Korea thousands went to their banks to sell and donate gold in a nationwide campaign to raise dollars.
    (SFC, 1/7/98, p.A8)

1999        Jan 6, The NBA players agreed to a new contract and a shortened season was scheduled to begin in Feb. Club owners won a salary cap.
    (SFC, 1/7/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/7/98, p.A1)
1999        Jan 6, The 106th Congress convened with Dennis Hastert as the new House speaker.
    (AP, 1/6/00)
1999        Jan 6, The federal government predicted a $76 billion surplus for 1999.
    (SFC, 1/7/99, p.A3)
1999        Jan 6, It was reported that UN Sec. Gen'l. Kofi Annan had evidence that UN arms inspectors helped collect intelligence used in American efforts to undermine the Iraqi regime. Kofi Annan, the chief UN arms inspector and State Dept. officials all denied the spying allegations. An electronic eavesdropping system was put into place in March by a US spy with the UN inspection team.
    (SFC, 1/6/99, p.A6)(SFC, 1/7/99, p.A8)(WSJ, 1/7/99, p.A1)(SFC, 1/8/99, p.A1)
1999        Jan 6, The Dow Jones closed at a record 9,544.97.
    (SFC, 1/7/99, p.B1)
1999        Jan 6, Buckingham Palace announced that Prince Edward, youngest son of Queen Elizabeth II, would marry his longtime friend, public relations executive Sophie Rhys-Jones, later in the year.
    (AP, 1/6/00)
1999        Jan 6, Congo rebel leader Ernest Wamba dia Wamba said his forces killed about 400 Burundi Hutu rebels fighting with the Congolese government troops and promised to investigate the alleged New Year murder of 500 civilians.
    (SFC, 1/7/99, p.A10)
1999        Jan 6, The Dominican Republic considered sending soldiers into parts of Santo Domingo where fighting between police and drug gangs had left 48 people dead since late Dec.
    (WSJ, 1/7/99, p.A1)
1999        Jan 6, In Israel former military chief of staff Amnon Lipkin-Shahak announced his candidacy for prime minister. Separately a man with a toy gun was killed by soldiers.
    (SFC, 1/7/99, p.A10)(WSJ, 1/7/99, p.A1)
1999        Jan 6, In Kosovo Nebojsa Denic, a Serbian security guard, was killed by ethnic Albanian rebels during an attack on a power plant outside of Pristina.
    (SFC, 1/8/99, p.A16)
1999        Jan 6, In Mexico police chief Alejandro Gertz fired 6 of his top 8 subordinates for failing to reduce crime and corruption.
    (SFC, 1/7/99, p.A10)
1999        Jan 6, In Sierra Leone rebels shot their way into Freetown and captured the presidential state house.
    (SFC, 1/7/99, p.A8)
1999        Jan 6, In Turkey the Justice Ministry said authorities will no longer be allowed to force women and girls to undergo virginity tests.
    (SFC, 1/7/99, p.A10)

2000        Jan 6, Republican presidential candidates debated in Durham, New Hampshire, with such issues as taxes and gays in the military dominating the discussion.
    (AP, 1/6/01)
2000        Jan 6, The US Army replaced the Young & Rubicam ad agency after a 1999 recruit shortfall of 6,290. Rubicam held the contract for 12 years and crafted the slogan: "Be all that you can be."
    (WSJ, 1/7/00, p.A1)
2000        Jan 6, Florida lawmakers passed a bill to give death row inmates the option of lethal injection rather than the electric chair.
    (SFC, 1/7/00, p.A2)
2000        Jan 6, In Miami hundreds of Cuban Americans protested the INS decision to return Elian Gonzalez to his father in Cuba. At least 135 people were arrested.
    (SFC, 1/7/00, p.A3)(AP, 1/6/01)
2000        Jan 6, Two Austrian banks, Bank Austria and Creditanstalt, agreed to a $40 million settlement with an estimated 1,000 Holocaust victims or their heirs for having confiscated their assets.
    (SFC, 1/7/00, p.D2)
2000        Jan 6, Buckingham Palace announced that Prince Edward, the youngest son of Queen Elizabeth the Second, would marry his longtime girlfriend, public relations executive Sophie Rhys-Jones, later in the year.
    (AP, 1/6/01)
2000        Jan 6, In China the state-controlled Catholic Church ordained 5 new bishops while the Pope elevated 12 prelates in St. Peter's Basilica.
    (SFC, 1/7/00, p.A14)
2000        Jan 6, In Ecuador police broke up a march in Quito where people demanded the ouster of Pres. Mahuad following a state of emergency and currency plunge.
    (WSJ, 1/7/00, p.A1)

2001        Jan 6, With the vanquished Vice President Al Gore presiding, Congress formally certified George W. Bush the winner of the achingly close and bitterly contested 2000 presidential election.
    (AP, 1/6/02)
2001        Jan 6, The Episcopal Church and Evangelical Lutheran Church of America inaugurated an alliance to share clergy, churches and missionary work. Their combined membership numbered 7.7 million.
    (SSFC, 1/7/01, p.A2)
2001        Jan 6, A Nato meeting was scheduled in Italy on the use of ammunition with depleted uranium following the deaths from cancer of 6 Italian soldiers following duty in the Balkans. 5 Balkan veterans from Belgium along with peacekeepers from Spain, Portugal and the Czech Republic had died of cancer.
    (WSJ, 1/04/01, p.A1)(SFC, 1/6/01, p.A7)
2001        Jan 6, The number of national ministries and agencies was cut from 22 to 12 in an effort to expand efficiency and shift power from bureaucracies to politicians.
    (SSFC, 1/7/01, p.D3)
2001        Jan 6, In Somalia Rahanwein Resistance Army gunmen attacked government forces escorting officials and at least 9 people were killed near Teiglow village.
    (SSFC, 1/7/01, p.D2)
2001        Jan 6, In South Africa it was reported that cholera had recently sickened some 13,000 people in KwaZulu-Natal and had killed at least 53.
    (SFC, 1/6/01, p.D8)
2001        Jan 6, Thailand government elections pitted PM Chuan Leekpai’s Democratic Party against the Thais Love Thais (Thai Rak Thai) party of Thaksin Shinawatra (51). Elections for 500 seats in the lower parliament were scheduled with new laws to reduce vote-buying. Shinawatra, Thailand’s richest man, won with 248 seats and divested his assets to relatives.
    (SFC, 1/6/01, p.A8)(SSFC, 1/7/01, p.D1)(WSJ, 2/2/01, p.A1)(Econ, 2/5/05, p.11,24)

2002        Jan 6, US envoy Zinni wound up his 2nd mission to the Middle East with little progress on peace talks.
    (WSJ, 1/7/02, p.A10)
2002        Jan 6, Christa Worthington (46), fashion writer, was found dead at her home in Truro on Cape Cod, Mass. Her 2-year-old daughter was next to her, covered in blood but unharmed. In 2005 DNA evidence identified Christopher Mccowen, a local trash collector, as the murderer. In 2006 Mccowen was convicted and sentenced to life without parole.
    (SFC, 4/16/05, p.A5)(SFC, 11/17/06, p.A4)
2002        Jan 6, Anti-Taliban troops in Afghanistan planned to starve out 7 al Qaeda members holed up in a Kandahar hospital.
    (SFC, 1/7/02, p.A8)
2002        Jan 6, Argentina devalued its currency 29% with an official exchange rate of 1.4 pesos to the dollar and promised to ease limits on cash withdrawals. This ended a decade-long policy pegging the currency one-to-one with the U.S. dollar. In the year that followed, the peso lost 70 percent of its value against the dollar.
    (SFC, 1/7/02, p.A3)(WSJ, 1/7/02, p.A3)(AP, 1/6/03)
2002        Jan 6, It was reported that Costa Rica required medical professionals to serve a year treating disadvantaged communities. Mandatory community service programs were in place for high school students.
    (SSFC, 1/6/02, p.A3)
2002        Jan 6, Construction began to expand Camp X-Ray at the US Guantanamo base in Cuba to house detainees from Afghanistan. The 1st prisoners arrived Jan 11. As the number of prisoners rose Camp Delta was added.
    (WSJ, 1/26/05, p.A10)
2002        Jan 6, It was reported that Egypt required female graduates of secondary schools, exempt from the military draft, to spend 6 months in a service program.
    (SSFC, 1/6/02, p.A3)
2002        Jan 6, India shot down an unmanned Pakistani spy plane. Pres. Vajpayee met with PM Tony Blair in New Delhi.
    (SFC, 1/7/02, p.A3)
2002        Jan 6, Italy’s Premier Berlusconi named himself interim foreign minister.
    (SFC, 1/7/02, p.A5)
2002        Jan 6, It was reported that Malaysia authorities had arrested 13 suspected members of extremist groups since Dec 9 with possible links to the Sep 11 attacks.
    (SSFC, 1/6/02, p.A8)
2002        Jan 6, It was reported that Mexico had a national service program that required participation by all university graduates and that medical students were required to work in disadvantaged communities for one year before being licensed.
    (SSFC, 1/6/02, p.A3)
2002        Jan 6, It was reported that Nigeria had a National Youth Service Corps that required participation by all university graduates under age 30.
    (SSFC, 1/6/02, p.A3)

2003        Jan 6, US Surgeon General Dr. Richard Carmona called obesity the fastest growing cause of illness and death in the US.
    (SFC, 1/7/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 6, U.S. warplanes bombed two Iraqi anti-aircraft radars that threatened pilots patrolling the southern no-fly zone.
    (AP, 1/7/03)
2003        Jan 6, Thousands of Marines, sailors and soldiers headed for the Persian Gulf region, shipping out from California, Georgia and Maryland as the buildup for a possible war with Iraq accelerated sharply.
    (AP, 1/6/04)
2003        Jan 6, California Gov. Davis promised to create 500,000 new jobs over the next 4 years.
    (AP, 1/7/03)
2003        Jan 6, The WSJ reported that Int'l. Steel offered about $1 billion to buy most of the assets of Bethlehem Steel, creating the largest US steel company.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R8)
2003        Jan 6, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein accused U.N. inspectors of engaging in "intelligence work" instead of searching for suspected nuclear, chemical and biological weapons in his country.
    (AP, 1/6/04)
2003        Jan 6, Rebels in western Ivory Coast attacked French troops and French officials said 30 rebels were killed and nine soldiers wounded.
    (AP, 1/6/03)
2003        Jan 6, In Kenya 12 people were killed when members of the outlawed Mungiki sect attacked minibus operators over control of bus stops in Nakuru, 84 miles northwest of Nairobi. 38 people were soon arrested.
    (AP, 1/7/03)
2003        Jan 6, In Mexico a bus with failing brakes swerved off a mountain highway and into a deep ravine in Zacatecas state, killing 18 people and injuring 23.
    (AP, 1/7/03)

2004        Jan 6, A design consisting of two reflecting pools and a paved stone field was chosen for the World Trade Center memorial in New York.
    (AP, 1/6/05)
2004        Jan 6, The Ohio Lottery awarded $162 million to Rebecca Jemison (34). Elicia Battle (40), who initially claimed to have lost the Dec 30 winning ticket, recanted on Jan 8.
    (SFC, 1/9/04, p.A2)
2004        Jan 6, In Afghanistan a time bomb in an apple cart blast killed at least 17 people, including 8 children, in the southern city of Kandahar. 12 civilians were executed in Helmand Province.
    (SFC, 1/7/04, p.A10)(SFC, 1/9/04, p.A12)(AP, 1/6/05)
2004        Jan 6, China began a mass eradication of some 10,000 civet cats to stem a suspected link to SARS.
    (SFC, 1/7/04, p.A14)
2004        Jan 6, PM Pierre Charles (49) of Dominica, who slashed public spending in a bid to help his island's economy and was a critic of U.S. policy in the Caribbean, died of an apparent heart attack.
    (AP, 1/7/04)
2004        Jan 6, India and Pakistan agreed on talks to formally tackle all issues including Kashmir.
    (WSJ, 1/7/04, p.A1)
2004        Jan 6, Egypt and Iran agreed to restore diplomatic ties sundered in 1979.
    (WSJ, 1/7/04, p.A1)
2004        Jan 6, Iraqi police opened fire on hundreds of stone-throwing former Iraqi soldiers demanding monthly stipends promised by the U.S.-led coalition, and reporters saw at least four protesters shot in the southern town of Basra.
    (AP, 1/6/04)
2004        Jan 6, In Liberia the LURD and MODEL rebel groups demanded the resignation of Gyude Bryant, interim government head.
    (Econ, 1/31/04, p.48)
2004        Jan 6, North Korea offered to refrain from producing nuclear weapons in order to rekindle talks over its arms programs.
    (SFC, 1/6/04, p.A3)
2004        Jan 6, President Bashar Assad began the first-ever visit to Turkey by a Syrian head of state, hoping to further improve ties forge a joint position on growing Kurdish autonomy.
    (AP, 1/6/04)(WSJ, 1/7/04, p.A1)
2004        Jan 6, The Sudanese government and southern rebels agreed on how to share the country's wealth, including oil revenues, solving a key issue and taking a major step toward ending their 20-year conflict.
    (AP, 1/6/04)
2004        Jan 6, Mijailo Mijailovic confessed to the fatal stabbing of Swedish Foreign Minister Anna Lindh in September 2003.
    (AP, 1/6/05)

2005         Jan 6, The US Congress certified President Bush's re-election.
    (AP, 1/6/06)
2005        Jan 6, US Attorney General-nominee Alberto Gonzales, under scorching criticism at his confirmation hearing, condemned torture as an interrogation tactic and promised to prosecute abusers of terror suspects.
    (AP, 1/6/06)
2005        Jan 6, Andrea Yates' murder conviction for drowning her children in the bathtub on June 20, 2001, was overturned by a Texas appeals court. On July 26, 2006, after three days of deliberations, Yates was found not guilty by reason of insanity, as defined by the state of Texas.
    (AP, 1/6/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrea_Yates)
2005        Jan 6, Edgar Ray Killen (b.1925) was arrested in Philadelphia, Miss., as a suspect in the 1964 abduction and killing of 3 voter-registration volunteers. He was found guilty on June 21, 2005, the 41st anniversary of the murders, along with Cecil Price (deputy sheriff of Neshoba at the time), of three counts of manslaughter and gathering the group of men who hunted down and killed two Jewish New Yorkers: Andrew Goodman (20) and Michael Schwerner (24), and one black Mississippian,  James Chaney (21).
    (SFC, 1/7/05, p.A1)(www.cnn.com/2005/LAW/06/21/mississippi.killings/)
2005        Jan 6, The Chicago-based Pritzker family settled a family suit giving both Matthew (22) and Liesel Pritzker (20) control of $450 million. The family fortune was estimated at over $15 bil.
    (WSJ, 1/7/05, p.B1)
2005        Jan 6, In South Carolina a freight train carrying chlorine gas struck a parked train, killing eight people and injuring more than 240 others, nearly all of them sickened by a toxic cloud that at nightfall persisted over the small textile town of Graniteville.
    (AP, 1/7/05)
2005        Jan 6, In Bangladesh a fire at the Sun Knit garment factory in Siddhirganj killed 22 people. Most of the exits were found locked.
    (SFC, 1/8/05, p.A3)
2005        Jan 6, A baby boy delivered in Beijing became China's 1.3 billionth citizen.
    (AP, 1/6/05)
2005        Jan 6, Chinese authorities bulldozed Silk Alley, a 20-year-old landmark in Beijing. Traders felt the motive was to eliminate competition for a new indoor complex soon to open next to the alley, to be named Xiushui, which was the name of the old market.
    (Econ, 1/15/05, p.39)
2005        Jan 6, A tsunami aid conference convened in Jakarta, Indonesia, and the UN asserted control over the massive relief campaign.
    (WSJ, 1/7/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 6, In Iraq 7 US soldiers were killed in Baghdad when their Bradley hit a car buried bomb. 2 Marines were killed in western Iraq.
    (WSJ, 1/7/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 6, President Vicente Fox announced that all Mexican children with cancer will receive free treatment as long as they need it.
    (AP, 1/6/05)
2005        Jan 6, In Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, 10 alleged gang members were convicted in the killings of 12 women, some of the hundreds who have been found slain there in recent years. The Los Toltecas members were arrested in 1999, after the reputed leader of their group, Jesus Manuel Guardado, alias "El Tolteca," was identified by a 14-year-old girl as the man who sexually assaulted and tried to kill her.
    (AP, 1/7/05)
2005        Jan 6, In South Africa former Pres. Nelson Mandela announced that his son, Makgatho Mandela, had died of illness related to AIDS.
    (SFC, 1/7/05, p.A10)

2006        Jan 6, Al-Qaida's No. 2 official, Ayman al-Zawahri, said in a videotape that a recent US decision to withdraw some troops from Iraq represented "the victory of Islam."
    (AP, 1/6/07)
2006        Jan 6, The 115-year-old Pilgrim Baptist Church of Chicago was destroyed by fire.
    (AP, 1/6/07)
2006        Jan 6, In Florida Martin Lee Anderson (14) died a day after he was brutally beaten at a juvenile detention boot camp. Videotape showed that he was punched and kicked. A 2nd autopsy on Mar 13 indicated that Anderson did not die of natural causes. An earlier autopsy said his death was due to a sickle cell trait. In May 2007 the Florida state legislature agreed to pay Anderson’s family $5 million to settle civil claims. On Oct 12, 2007, an all-white jury acquitted 8 former boot camp workers of manslaughter.
    (AP, 2/17/06)(SFC, 3/15/06, p.A4)(SFC, 10/13/07, p.A4)
2006        Jan 6, Lou Rawls (72), singer, died in Los Angeles. He started as a church choir boy and went on to sell more than 40 million albums. He won three Grammy Awards in a career that spanned nearly five decades and a range of genres. His 1st solo release was the 1962 jazz album “Stormy Monday" recorded with the Les McCann Trio.
    (AP, 1/6/06)(SFC, 1/6/06, p.B5)
2006        Jan 6, Hugh Thompson Jr., a former Army helicopter pilot honored for rescuing Vietnamese civilians during the My Lai massacre, died in Alexandria, La., at age 62.
    (AP, 1/6/07)
2006        Jan 6, Bulgarian officials said Gazprom was pushing it to switch to a system in which it pays transit fees and charges Sofia market prices. Bulgaria rejected the offer and said its current is good to 2010.
    (WSJ, 1/9/06, p.A11)
2006        Jan 6, In China a farmer angry over a court ruling set off a bomb in a courthouse in Gansu province, killing himself and four other people. Qian Wenzhao (62) was angry over a ruling in a property dispute involving the house of his late son and daughter-in-law.
    (AP, 1/7/06)
2006        Jan 6, A study published in Britain's leading medical journal said war-ravaged Congo is suffering the world's deadliest humanitarian crisis, with 38,000 people dying each month mostly from easily treatable diseases.
    (AP, 1/6/06)
2006        Jan 6, An Indian Supreme Court panel accused France of violating an international treaty on hazardous waste movement by sending an asbestos-laden warship to be scrapped in an Indian shipyard.
    (AP, 1/6/06)
2006        Jan 6, A suicide car bomber struck a police patrol in Baghdad, killing one officer.
    (AP, 1/6/06)
2006        Jan 6, Israel’s PM Ariel Sharon had emergency brain surgery for five hours after doctors detected further bleeding and increasing pressure.
    (AP, 1/6/06)
2006        Jan 6, The Kazakhstan Parliament voted to ditch the Central Asian state's old national anthem in favor of "My Kazakhstan," a song written in 1956 and adapted by Pres. Nazarbayev.
    (AP, 1/6/06)
2006        Jan 6, Liberia's President-elect Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf agreed to pay out benefits and pensions to widows of soldiers killed in a civil war after they blocked roads in the capital Monrovia in protest.
    (Reuters, 1/6/06)
2006        Jan 6, Comandante Ramona (47), a leader of Mexico's Zapatista rebel movement and an advocate for women's rights, died after a decade-long struggle with a kidney disease.
    (AP, 1/6/06)
2006        Jan 6, Morocco's King Mohammed, under pressure from human rights groups to apologize for more than four decades of past repression by the state, offered his sympathy for the victims.
    (Reuters, 1/6/06)
2006        Jan 6, Nigeria’s government anti-AIDS agency said it will double the number of centers where AIDS patients can get free drugs in the next three months as part of a major drive to widen access to treatment.
    (Reuters, 1/6/06)
2006        Jan 6, Stalinist North Korea demanded billions of dollars in compensation for alleged atrocities against its prisoners of war and spies formerly held in South Korea. The demand sparked outrage among politicians in Seoul.
    (AFP, 1/8/06)
2006        Jan 6, Venezuela said it will expand a program to provide discounted home heating oil to low-income Americans, bringing savings to some Indian tribes in Maine.
    (AP, 1/6/06)
2006        Jan 6, Vietnam said it was prepared to join some UN peacekeeping operations for the first time in a move seen as a major shift in its attitude towards the world body.
    (AP, 1/6/06)
2006        Jan 6, In Yemen 5 Italian hostages were freed in good health after six days in captivity when their kidnappers surrendered to government troops.
    (AP, 1/6/06)

2007        Jan 6, New Orleans considered a curfew as 8 slayings took place in the 1st week of the new year.
    (SSFC, 1/7/07, p.A10)
2007        Jan 6, In Colorado a huge snow slide knocked two cars off the road in a high pass and buried them.
    (AP, 1/7/07)
2007        Jan 6, The body of Calvin Jenks (24), a Tennessee state trooper, was found beside his patrol car near the intersection of state highways 14 and 54. He was shot during a traffic stop. The next day police arrested two people they believed were responsible for the killing.
    (AP, 1/7/07)
2007        Jan 6, In Knoxville, Tenn., Channon Christian and Christopher Newsom were last seen as they left a friend’s apartment. Newsom’s shot and burned body was found the next day along some railroad tracks. Christian’s body was discovered 2 days later in a trash can at a house rented by one of the suspects. Both had been sexually assaulted. 4 black suspects and an accessory faced murder trials.
    (SFC, 5/19/07, p.A4)
2007        Jan 6, The body of Cha Vang (30), a Hmong man, was found hidden under a log in a Wisconsin wild life refuge. Vang had been shot and stabbed 5 times. On Nov 28 James Nichols (29) was sentenced to 69 years in prison for Vang’s murder.
    (SFC, 11/29/07, p.A3)
2007        Jan 6, Pete Kleinow, film effects artist and guitarist for the Flying Burrito Brothers, died in Petaluma, Ca.
    (SFC, 1/16/07, p.B5)
2007        Jan 6, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb struck a NATO vehicle, wounding one soldier.
    (AP, 1/6/07)
2007        Jan 6, In Bangladesh at least 41 people were burned to death after fire engulfed a bus packed with migrant workers.
    (AFP, 1/6/07)
2007        Jan 6, Belarus stepped up its dispute with Russia over energy sales by announcing Saturday it has started a customs case against Transneft, Russia's pipeline operator.
    (AP, 1/6/07)
2007        Jan 6, In southeastern Brazil officials said mudslides and flash floods triggered by torrential downpours killed at least 31 people and drove thousands from their homes during the past five days.
    (AP, 1/6/07)
2007        Jan 6, David Whelan (60) and his son Andrew (35) trawled through a farmer's field near Harrogate, in northern England, when their metal detector squealed. The pair discovered a Viking trove of coins and jewelry was buried more than 1,000 years ago, a collection of items from Ireland, France, Russia and Scandinavia that testified to the raiders' international reach.
    (AP, 7/1907)
2007        Jan 6, China unveiled its Jian-10 multi-role indigenous fighter jet, marking a "historic leap forward" and narrowing a technological gap with major military powers.
    (AP, 1/6/07)
2007        Jan 6, Cardinal Frederic Etsou-Nzabi-Bamungwabi (b.1930), Congo's top Roman Catholic prelate, died in a Belgian hospital. He had warned of what he called international meddling in the country's recent landmark elections.
    (AP, 1/7/07)
2007        Jan 6, Cindy Sheehan, American "peace mom," called for the closure of the US military prison in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. She and other activists arrived to draw attention to the nearly 400 terror suspects held at the remote site.
    (AP, 1/7/07)
2007        Jan 6, Riots erupted overnight in a maximum-security prison in western El Salvador, leaving 21 inmates dead.
    (AP, 1/7/07)
2007        Jan 6, Hong Kong reported that a wild bird found a few days earlier had tested positive for the H5N1 strain of bird flu.
    (WSJ, 1/8/07, p.A5)
2007        Jan 6, In northeast India suspected separatist rebels fatally shot 13 sleeping migrant workers before dawn, adding to a string of attacks over two days that killed a total of 48 people and wounded at least 19.
    (AP, 1/6/07)
2007        Jan 6, The Iraqi army reported killing 30 militants in a Sunni insurgent stronghold in the center of Baghdad. In Baghdad two car bombs killed four civilians. Across the country at least 8 more people were reported killed or found dead as a result of sectarian violence. 27 bodies were discovered in a heavily Sunni district just north of the Green Zone. Most of the victims showed signs of torture. A US soldier died after coming under fire in Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/6/07)(AP, 1/7/07)
2007        Jan 6, Mexican federal and state police manned checkpoints within Tijuana’s city limits as local police suspended their patrols because soldiers sent to crack down on drug gangs and corruption seized most of their guns on suspicion they aided traffickers.
    (AP, 1/6/07)
2007        Jan 6, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas declared Hamas' paramilitary militia in the Gaza Strip illegal, raising the stakes in his standoff with the Islamic movement.
    (AP, 1/6/07)
2007        Jan 6, Philippine troops killed six members of the al-Qaida-linked Abu Sayyaf group, including one wanted by the US for involvement in the kidnapping of Americans.
    (AP, 1/6/07)
2007        Jan 6, Seven people were killed in shootings across Puerto Rico, prompting the US territory's police chief to plead for tougher gun laws.
    (AP, 1/7/07)
2007        Jan 6, Somalia's interim government indefinitely postponed plans to forcibly disarm Mogadishu as hundreds of people burned tires, looted vehicles and said they wouldn't give up their guns. Two people were reported killed and at 17 people wounded.
    (AP, 1/6/07)
2007        Jan 6, In Meetiyagoda, Sri Lanka, an explosion inside a passenger bus killed 15 people. Officials blamed the Tamil Tiger rebels, but the group denied any involvement.
    (AP, 1/6/07)

2008        Jan 6, In southeastern Utah a chartered bus ran off a wet road and rolled 41 feet down an embankment, killing eight passengers who were returning home from a ski trip. About 20 others were injured.
    (AP, 1/7/08)
2008        Jan 6, Adam Gadahn, Al-Qaida's American spokesman, urged fighters to meet President Bush with bombs when he visits the Middle East, according to a new video posted on the Internet. Gadahn, also known as Azzam al-Amriki, was charged with treason in the US in 2006 and has been wanted since 2004 by the FBI, which is offering a $1 million reward for information leading to his arrest or conviction.
    (AP, 1/7/08)
2008        Jan 6, Martha Arguello (b.1917), the cartoonist known as Marty Links, died in San Rafael, Ca. She was the creator of the Bobby Sox and Emmy Lou cartoon strips, which ran in the SF Chronicle for over 35 years.
    (SFC, 1/9/08, p.B9)
2008        Jan 6, In Afghanistan 3 Taliban militants were killed in a battle between police and NATO troops in the Zhari district of Kandahar.
    (AP, 1/7/08)
2008        Jan 6, In Kinshasa a peace summit aimed at ending fighting in Congo's blood-steeped eastern provinces of North and South Kivu opened without the presence of President Joseph Kabila and rebel leader General Laurent Nkunda.
    (Reuters, 1/6/08)
2008        Jan 6, In Georgia several thousand people rallied in Tbilisi, claiming early election results that indicated Mikhail Saakashvili would narrowly win a second presidential term were fraudulent.
    (AP, 1/6/08)
2008        Jan 6, Dr. Pramod Karan Sethi (80), inventor of a low-cost prosthetic foot that has helped millions of people in developing and war-torn countries, died in Jaipur, India. The surgeon developed the Jaipur Foot in 1968 with India's rural poor in mind.
    (AP, 1/8/08)
2008        Jan 6, Five Iranian Revolutionary Guard boats harassed and provoked three US Navy ships in the Strait of Hormuz, a major oil shipping route off the Iranian coast. The US Navy Times newspaper later reported that a threatening radio message at the end of a video showing Iranian patrol boats swarming near US warships in the Persian Gulf may have come from a prankster rather than from the Iranian vessels.
    (AP, 1/7/08)(AP, 1/14/08)
2008        Jan 6, Two Iraqi soldiers threw themselves on a suicide bomber who slipped into a crowd celebrating Iraq's Army Day, but the attacker detonated an explosives vest, killing both soldiers and nine other people. A series of attacks across Baghdad that left as many as 16 people dead. Near Muqdadiyah a joint Iraqi-US patrol discovered five severed heads. Near the city of Khalis in Diyala province suspected al-Qaida in Iraq fighters attacked the house of a local sheik and kidnapped him and 13 members of his family.
    (AP, 1/6/08)
2008        Jan 6, North Korea stepped up anti-US propaganda with a six-nation nuclear disarmament process bogged down and Pyongyang and Washington in dispute over the delay.
    (AP, 1/6/08)
2008        Jan 6, In northwest Pakistan suspected Islamic militants in 2 attacks fatally shot 8 tribal leaders involved in efforts to broker a cease-fire between security forces and insurgents.
    (AP, 1/7/08)(SFC, 1/8/08, p.A14)
2008        Jan 6, The head of Gaza's energy authority said Palestinians in Gaza will be forced to live without electricity eight hours a day, beginning today, because Israel has sharply reduced fuel supplies to the territory's only electric plant.
    (AP, 1/6/08)
2008        Jan 6, In northern Sri Lanka heavy fighting raged where Tiger rebels said they lost a key leader, as Norwegian-led monitors began pulling out before the formal end of a tattered truce.
    (AP, 1/6/08)
2008        Jan 6, In Zurich Sonntag newspaper reported that Credit Suisse faces a fresh assets write-off of 2.5 billion Swiss francs (1.5 billion euros, $2.3 billion) from the US sub-prime crisis.
    (AP, 1/6/08)
2008        Jan 6, Zimbabwe state media reported that the government has awarded an immediate 600% pay rise to striking magistrates and prosecutors in a bid to end a 3-month work stoppage.
    (AP, 1/6/08)

2009        Jan 6, Pres. Bush designated parts of 3 Pacific island chains as national monuments to protect them from oil and gas extraction and commercial fishing. The areas totaled some 195,274 square miles and included the Mariana Trench as well as waters and coral surrounding 3 islands in the Northern Mariana Islands, Rose Atoll in American Samoa and 7 islands along the equator in the central Pacific Ocean.
    (SFC, 1/6/09, p.A4)
2009        Jan 6, Roland Burris of Illinois, President-elect Barack Obama's appointed successor, was turned away when he appeared at the US Capitol to take his in the convening of the 111th Congress.
    (AP, 1/6/09)
2009        Jan 6, North Dakota Gov. John Hoeven reported a budget surplus and plans to grow reserves to between $800 million and $1.2 billion.
    (Econ, 1/31/09, p.43)(http://governor.nd.gov/media/speeches/090106.html)
2009        Jan 6, Hal Ellis (b.1931), co-founder of the Grubb & Ellis real estate company (1958), died at his home in Oakland, Ca.
    (SFC, 1/8/09, p.C1)
2009        Jan 6, In southern Afghanistan a NATO serviceman was killed in a hostile incident. In eastern Afghanistan US-led coalition forces killed 32 armed insurgents during a clash in Laghman province. The troops also destroyed two caches of weapons and roadside bomb-making materials that were too unstable to move to another location. Residents reported that some civilians died when buildings collapsed as the cache was destroyed. In western Farah province, Afghan army and coalition troops killed six militants in raid on a compound.
    (AP, 1/6/09)(AP, 1/7/09)
2009        Jan 6, In Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina Wajed was sworn in for her second spell as prime minister, restoring democracy to the impoverished country after almost two years of rule by an army-backed regime.
    (AFP, 1/6/09)
2009        Jan 6, Bahrain’s credit outlook was downgraded by Moody’s Investors Service amid tumbling crude prices and the global financial crises.
    (WSJ, 1/7/09, p.A7)
2009        Jan 6, Ethiopia's parliament adopted a controversial bill imposing heavy restrictions on foreign-funded humanitarian groups operating in the war- and famine-ravaged country. Under the new law, any group that draws more than 10 percent of its funding from abroad will be classified as foreign, and thus banned from working on issues related to ethnicity, gender, children's rights and conflict resolution.
    (AP, 1/6/09)(AFP, 1/9/09)
2009        Jan 6, A natural gas crisis loomed over Europe, as a contract dispute between Russia and Ukraine shut off Russian gas supplies to six countries and reduced gas deliveries to several others. Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Croatia and Turkey all reported a halt in gas shipments.
    (AP, 1/6/09)
2009        Jan 6, Signs mounted that the conflict in Gaza is starting to spill over into violence in Europe's towns and cities, with assaults against Jews and arson attacks on Jewish congregations in France, Sweden and Britain.
    (AP, 1/6/09)
2009        Jan 6, A cease-fire initiative to halt the increasingly bloody Israeli offensive in Hamas-ruled Gaza won support from Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice called on rival sides to follow up on the proposal. A Hamas rocket hit Gedera, 20 miles from Tel Aviv, the farthest one has reached to date.
    (AP, 1/6/09)(AP, 1/7/09)(Econ, 1/10/09, p.24)
2009        Jan 6, In Mexico masked gunmen opened fire and tossed a grenade at a television station in Monterrey as it aired its nightly newscast, leaving behind a message warning the station about its coverage of drug gangs. Gunmen in Tijuana opened fire from several cars, killing a 22-year-old standing with his family outside his house. Two bodies were found wrapped in blankets and dumped on the street near a cemetery.
    (AP, 1/7/09)
2009        Jan 6, In southern Nigeria armed men robbed an offshore oil platform operated by a subsidiary of US oil giant ExxonMobile although the attack did not disrupt oil production.
    (AFP, 1/7/09)
2009        Jan 6, In Papua New Guinea Police a woman was tied to a wooden pole, surrounded by rubber tires and set on fire. Rumors said she was suspected of spreading witchcraft through the South Pacific island nation.
    (AP, 1/9/09)
2009        Jan 6, In Senegal 9 men, including a prominent activist, were convicted of homosexual acts and sentenced to eight years in prison. Senegal, a primarily Muslim nation in West Africa, is one of 38 countries on the continent that criminalize homosexual acts.
    (AP, 1/8/09)
2009        Jan 6, In Somalia 3 masked gunmen fatally shot a Somali aid worker. The UN envoy to Somalia said the UN should create a Baghdad-style Green Zone in the African country so he can base all his aid workers there. Aid workers Keiko Akahane (32), a Japanese doctor, and Dutchman nurse Willem Sools (27), were released after being held by Somali gunmen for 108 days.
    (AP, 1/6/09)(AP, 1/10/09)
2009        Jan 6, South Korea said it will invest 50 trillion won ($38.1 billion) over the next four years on environmental projects in a "Green New Deal" to spur slumping economic growth and create nearly a million jobs. Opposition lawmakers ended their violent, 12-day siege of the parliament after successfully delaying a key vote on a US free trade deal and other legislation.
    (AP, 1/6/09)
2009        Jan 6, Sri Lankan forces overran the Tamil Tigers' northernmost defense line and took full control of Muhamalai, forcing the rebels to fall back about 600 yards to another defense line. Armed men attacked a private Sri Lankan television station, tossing hand grenades, shooting out TV screens and starting a fire that caused heavy damage. Reporters Without Borders said the attack follows accusations by state media that the Maharaja Organization's television and radio stations were not "patriotic" enough in their coverage of the government's recent victories.
    (AP, 1/6/09)
2009        Jan 6, Turkey held a shipment bound for Venezuela from Iran saying it contains equipment that can make explosives.
    (WSJ, 1/7/09, p.A1)
2009        Jan 6, The WHO said at least 1,732 people have died in Zimbabwe's cholera epidemic and the number of cases diagnosed has risen to 34,306.
    (AP, 1/6/09)
2009        Jan 6, Venezuela ordered Israel's ambassador expelled from the country in protest over the Israeli military offensive in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 1/6/09)

2010        Jan 6, It was reported that Santa Barbara-based Cybersitter has filed a $2.2 billion lawsuit against China, accusing Beijing of stealing its technology to bar Internet access to political and religious sites in China. The suit alleges that the Chinese makers of Green Dam illegally copied more than 3,000 lines of code from its filtering software, and conspired with China's rulers and computer manufacturers to distribute more than 56 million copies of the pirated software throughout China.
    (AFP, 1/6/10)
2010        Jan 6, Gilbert Arenas, a Washington DC Wizards basketball guard, was suspended indefinitely without pay by NBA commissioner David Stern, for carrying guns into the Wizards' locker room. With each game he misses, Arenas will lose about $147,200 of the $16.2 million he will earn in the second season of a six-year, $111 million contract. The punishment came on his 28th birthday.
    (AP, 1/7/10)
2010        Jan 6, Baltimore Mayor Sheila Dixon (56) resigned as part of a deal with prosecutors following allegations that she stole gift cards that had been donated to the poor.
    (SFC, 1/7/10, p.A4)
2010        Jan 6, George Leonard (86), writer and pioneer in the human potential movement, died at his home in Mill Valley, Ca. From 1953 to 1970 he worked as a writer and editor for Look magazine. His best-selling books included “Education and Ecstasy" (1968).
    (http://beststudentviolins.com/education.html)(SFC, 1/7/10, p.A1)
2010        Jan 6, In Afghanistan an explosion tore through a group of children gathered around foreign soldiers visiting a US-funded road project, killing 4 kids and a policeman and wounding scores, including at least 3 American troops in eastern Nangarhar province. The blast occurred when a passing police vehicle hit a mine. In a separate attack in the province, 4 Afghan policeman were killed when a remote-controlled bomb blew up their vehicle in the Khagyani district. At least 15 people were injured in an explosion at a market in eastern Khost city. Soldiers found more than 5,300 pounds (2,400 kg) of processed opium, more than 1,000 pounds (450 kilograms) of wet opium paste, about 50 pounds (20 kilograms) of heroin and multiple firearms with ammunition in the Maywand district of Kandahar province.
    (AP, 1/6/10)(AP, 1/8/10)
2010        Jan 6, In the waters off Antarctica the trimaran Ady Gil, a Sea Shepherd Conservation Society boat, had its bow sheared off and was taking on water after it was struck by the Shonan Maru 2, a Japanese whaling ship. The trimaran’s 6 crew members were safely transferred to the bob Barker, another of the Society's vessels. The Ady Gil was left to sink the next day after a tow rope snapped and the Bob Barker resumed its pursuit of the Japanese whalers.
    (AP, 1/6/10)(SFC, 1/6/10, p.A2)(AP, 1/8/10)
2010        Jan 6, Argentine President Cristina Fernandez ordered the military to declassify all "dirty war"-related documents.
    (AP, 1/6/10)
2010        Jan 6, In Britain unusually heavy snowfall stranded hundreds of motorists, disrupted trains and shut down schools and airports across the land as the country suffered through its longest cold snap in nearly 30 years.
    (AP, 1/6/10)
2010        Jan 6, In Chile investigators accused Rev. Ricardo Munoz Quinteros (55), a Catholic priest, and his girlfriend, Pamela Ampuero, of soliciting sex from young girls, including one who later bore his child.
    (AP, 1/6/10)
2010        Jan 6, Egyptian security forces and Palestinians clashed at the Gaza border over the delay of an international aid convoy, killing one Egyptian border guard and wounding 15 Palestinians. 3 gunmen in a car sprayed automatic gunfire into a crowd leaving a church in the town of Nag Hamadi, about 40 miles from the ancient ruins of Luxor. The lead attacker was identified as a Muslim. 6 male churchgoers and one security guard were killed on the Coptic Christmas Eve. The 3 suspects in the drive-by shooting gave themselves up to police on Jan 8 after being surrounded by security forces. On Jan 16, 2011, a court convicted and sentenced to death a Muslim man for his part in the drive-by shooting. "I am a victim; I did not do it," screamed Mohammed Ahmed Hassanein, whose trial lasted 11 months. He was convicted of first degree murder and terror-related charges.
    (AP, 1/6/10)(AP, 1/7/10)(AP, 1/8/10)
2010        Jan 6, In Honduras the chief prosecutor asked the Supreme Court to issue arrest warrants charging Honduras' military commanders with abuse of power for sending President Manuel Zelaya out of the country in his June 28 ouster.
    (AP, 1/7/10)
2010        Jan 6, A conservative Iranian Web site reported that a parliamentary probe has found Saeed Mortazavi, a former Tehran prosecutor, responsible for the death by torture of at least 3 anti-government protesters detained in the turmoil following the disputed June elections.
    (AP, 1/6/10)
2010        Jan 6, A diplomat at the Iranian embassy in Norway told Norwegian television that he had resigned in protest over a crackdown on demonstrators in Iran. The government in Tehran denied the report. In mid-February the Norwegian Immigration Directorate gave Mohammed Reza Heydari and his family permission to remain in Norway as political refugees after going through "all necessary information pertaining to the case."
    (AP, 1/6/10)(AP, 2/18/10)
2010        Jan 6, Five Iraqis were killed and eight injured after their minibus collided with a US military vehicle that was traveling in the wrong lane 80 km south of Baghdad. In northern Iraq a US army soldier died of injuries unrelated to combat.
    (AP, 1/6/10)(AP, 1/7/10)
2010        Jan 6, In Indian Kashmir suspected Muslim militants opened fire in the main market area of Srinagar, killing one police officer and sending residents running for cover. A suicide bomber struck an army facility in the Pakistan-controlled portion of Kashmir, killing four soldiers and wounding 11 others in an area where such attacks are rare.
    (AFP, 1/6/10)(AP, 1/6/10)
2010        Jan 6, Israel announced it successfully tested a high-tech shield against future mortar and rocket attacks from the Hamas-ruled territory. Once installed later this year, the Iron Dome system could deprive Hamas of an important means of threatening Israel.
    (AP, 1/7/10)
2010        Jan 6, Madagascar security forces used tear gas to disperse protesters in the capital near the presidential palace. The demonstrators, who are aligned with three of the country's previous presidents, went to present the country's military-backed leader with a letter questioning whether or not coup leader Andry Rajoelina still wants reconciliation.
    (AP, 1/6/10)
2010        Jan 6, A Malaysian court charged an air force sergeant and a businessman with stealing two fighter jet engines. The engines, each worth 50 million ringgit ($14 million), were stolen while they were undergoing repairs and were allegedly shipped toward Argentina before being offloaded to another vessel bound for Uruguay.
    (AP, 1/6/10)
2010        Jan 6, In Tijuana, Mexico, three 16-year-old students, two boys and a girl, were killed.  At least one of the victims was a known drug dealer who frequently missed classes and sometimes peddled narcotics at or near the school.
    (AP, 1/8/10)
2010        Jan 6, In Morocco the first Berber TV channel in the ancient but marginalized tongue of Amazigh was launched after a decades-long struggle.
    (AFP, 1/18/10)(http://tinyurl.com/yfl4jpp)
2010        Jan 6, In Northern Ireland the major British Protestant paramilitary group, the Ulster Defense Association, announced it has fully disarmed, finally meeting the key requirement of the province's 1998 peace accord.
    (AP, 1/6/10)
2010        Jan 6, In Pakistan 2 suspected US drone missile strikes killed 13 people in North Waziristan, an area of the volatile northwest teeming with militants suspected in a recent suicide attack that killed seven CIA employees in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 1/6/10)(AFP, 1/7/10)
2010        Jan 6, Palestinian work crews broke ground on Rawabi, what they hope will be the first modern, planned Palestinian city, a step that officials say will help build an independent state in spite of the current deadlock in the peace process with Israel. The $500 million project hinges on Israel's approval of a short stretch of road.
    (AP, 1/12/10)
2010        Jan 6, In Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, Iranian Pres. Ahmadinejad inaugurated a new gas pipeline link to Iran from Turkmenistan, which he said would take ties to a "new level."
    (AFP, 1/6/10)
2010        Jan 6, In Russia a suicide bomber blew up an explosives-packed car at a police station in Dagestan province, killing six officers and wounding at least 16 people on the outskirts of Makhachkala. Investigators determined that the homemade bomb packed into the Niva, a small Russian-made SUV, was equivalent to 80 to 100 km (175 to 220 pounds) of TNT.
    (AP, 1/6/10)
2010        Jan 6, Yemeni security forces captured Mohammed al-Hanq, a key Al-Qaeda leader, and two other militants believed behind threats against Western interests in Sanaa. The US embassy reopened after a 2-day closure due to terror threats.
    (AFP, 1/6/10)(SFC, 1/6/10, p.A2)
2010        Jan 6, Zimbabwe state media reported that Zimbabwe Power Company (ZPC) has signed an eight million dollar deal with Botswana to revive a shut-down thermal power station and ease national blackouts.
    (AFP, 1/6/10)

2011        Jan 6, President Barack Obama named banker and seasoned political fighter William Daley as his new chief of staff, hoping to rejuvenate both a White House storming into re-election mode and an economy still gasping for help.
    (AP, 1/7/11)
2011        Jan 6, The Pentagon said the US will temporarily send 1,400 more Marines to Afghanistan in an effort to hold onto fragile security gains, but overall troop levels will not surpass previously announced limits.
    (Reuters, 1/6/11)
2011        Jan 6, The US military said that it has sent a Guantanamo prisoner back to his native Algeria over the objections of his attorneys who said he feared being tortured in his homeland. Saiid Farhi had been held without charge at the US base in Cuba for nearly nine years. 173 prisoners remained at Guantanamo.
    (AP, 1/6/11)
2011        Jan 6, It was reported that San Francisco’s Haight Ashbury Clinic, operating since 1967, and Walden House, a substance abuse center started in 1969, had agreed to merge.
    (SFC, 1/6/11, p.C1)
2011        Jan 6, Donald J. Tyson (b.1930), chicken entrepreneur, died in Arkansas. He had built his father’s chicken business into the behemoth Tyson Foods.
    (SFC, 1/7/11, p.A9)
2011        Jan 6, Fresh unrest struck Algeria as protests over rising costs and unemployment spread after a night of rioting in the capital in which youths attacked a police station and torched shops.
    (AFP, 1/6/11)
2011        Jan 6, Authorities in Brazil said four people from the same family have died in a mudslide in the interior of Sao Paulo state. Civil defense officials said heavy flooding has killed at least 35 people and forced more than 30,000 out of their homes across the country.
    (AP, 1/6/11)
2011        Jan 6, In Honduras Gunmen killed 4 women and 4 children, including an 18-month boy, and wounded three others in an attack on a minibus in the rural eastern province of Olancho.
    (AP, 1/6/11)
2011        Jan 6, Israel's Supreme Court issued a ruling permitting the separation of men and women on some buses serving minority ultra-Orthodox Jewish communities, but only if the passengers agree. The approval was for a trial period of a year.
    (AP, 1/6/11)
2011        Jan 6, In Ivory Coast Alassane Ouattara, the man recognized as the winner of the recent presidential election, called for West African special forces to remove incumbent president Gbagbo in a commando operation. The UN mission in Ivory Coast said at least 210 people have been killed there since a presidential stand-off escalated in mid-December.
    (AP, 1/6/11)
2011        Jan 6, In Mexico 2 purported drug dealers were arrested on suspicion of decapitating a man who owed them money and hanging his severed head from a bridge in the border city of Tijuana. 2 men were found shot to death in the trunk of a car parked outside the General Hospital in Tijuana. Their hands and feet were bound and their bodies bore signs of torture. Gunmen later attacked three men driving past a Tijuana shopping mall, killing one and wounding the other two. Gunmen shot to death Francisco Aparicio Mendez, the police chief of the town of Taretan, in western Michoacan state. In Ciudad Juarez the body of Susana Chavez was found strangled and mutilated after a night of partying with three teenagers, who were drunk and on drugs. She had led protests against the unsolved killings of women, but authorities said her killing had nothing to do with her activism. Her left arm chopped off. She was not identified until Jan 11.
    (AP, 1/6/11)(AP, 1/12/11)
2011        Jan 6, In the Netherlands the daily Het Parool reported that prostitutes in Amsterdam will be required to pay taxes this year. Over 3,000 sex workers were affected by the move.
    (SFC, 1/7/11, p.A2)
2011        Jan 6, Nigerians voted in a key state governor's ballot seen as a test ahead of April's nationwide elections, with massive security deployed amid fears of further violence.
    (AFP, 1/6/11)
2011        Jan 6, Pakistan's PM Gilani agreed to reverse an unpopular increase in fuel prices under pressure from opposition parties, as he sought to save his shaky government following the defection of a key coalition partner.
    (Reuters, 1/6/11)
2011        Jan 6, Romanian witches angry about having to pay income taxes for the first time hurled poisonous mandrake into the Danube River to cast spells on the president and government.
    (AP, 1/6/11)
2011        Jan 6, Spain's second most important lottery dished out euro840 million ($1.1 billion) in new year joy across a country struggling to emerge from recession, with the top prize tickets being sold in a working class area of Madrid.
    (AP, 1/6/11)

2012        Jan 6, In central Florida seven teenagers punched and kicked a 13-year-old until she was unconscious while on a school bus bound for a middle school in Ocala. The seven teens, ranging in age from 12 to 15, were charged with battery and disorderly conduct.
    (AP, 1/7/12)
2012        Jan 6, Nadeem Akhtar (46), a Maryland businessman, was sentenced to over 3 years in prison for conspiring to export to Pakistan materials that can be used in nuclear reactors.
    (SFC, 1/7/12, p.A5)
2012        Jan 6, Harry Thomas Jr., a Democratic former city councilman in Washington, DC, pleaded guilty to embezzling over $350,000 in government funds earmarked for youth sports and arts programs. He also admitted filing false tax returns.
    (SFC, 1/7/12, p.A5)
2012        Jan 6, Salesforce.com signed an 18-year, 400,000-square-foot lease at 50 Fremont St. in San Francisco for nearly $340 million. The software company was founded by Marc Benioff in a Telegraph Hill apartment in 1999.
    (SFC, 1/7/12, p.A1)
2012        Jan 6, US hotel chain Best Western announced plans to build 66 new hotels in India, part of a nearly $300 million investment in the country's hospitality industry.
    (AFP, 1/6/12)
2012        Jan 6, In Afghanistan 6 children and a civilian were killed when a bomb planted in a garbage bin exploded in Tirin Kot, Uruzgan province. 5 NATO soldiers were killed in two roadside bomb blasts. A policeman turned his gun on his colleagues in their headquarters of Shahrak district, central Ghor province, killing two before being gunned down himself.
    (AFP, 1/6/12)
2012        Jan 6, In Bahrain Nabeel Rajab, the president of the Bahrain Center for Human Rights, was reported to have been beaten by members of the security forces during a rally in Manama.
    (AP, 1/6/12)
2012        Jan 6, In Brazil a group associated with the Roman Catholic Church said a child from an isolated indigenous community in northern Brazil was killed and the body burned in a region where loggers operate.
    (AP, 1/6/12)
2012        Jan 6, City of London police said that Michael Brown, a fugitive multimillionaire fraudster, has been detained in the Dominican Republic and that British authorities would be seeking his return to the U.K. to serve his sentence. Four former clients, including an ex-chairman of Manchester United football club, had accused Brown of duping them out of about 40 million pounds ($62 million). Brown was sentenced in his absence to seven years in jail in 2008 after he was convicted of fraud. On April 21 Brown was deported to Spain.
    (AP, 1/6/12)(AFP, 4/22/12)
2012        Jan 6, In London Rebekah Brooks (47), a long-serving personal assistant to the former Rupert Murdoch, was arrested by police investigating phone hacking. She was the 17th person to be arrested as part of Operation Weeting.
    (Reuters, 1/6/12)
2012        Jan 6, Central African Republic police arrested ex-rebel chief Jean-Jacques Demafouth for an alleged bid to destabilize the country.
    (AFP, 1/6/12)
2012        Jan 6, China’s government bowed to a vocal online campaign for a change in the way air quality is measured in Beijing, one of the world's most polluted cities. The Beijing Environmental Bureau said it would provide hourly updates of PM2.5 measure ahead of the Lunar New Year, which starts on January 23, in response to the flood of public anger.
    (AFP, 1/6/12)
2012        Jan 6, In China a man was fatally shot in the head shortly after withdrawing 200,000 yuan ($31,700) in cash from a bank in Nanjing. Zeng Kaigui, a one-time policeman suspected in a series of slayings and robberies dating back to 2004, was suspected in the fatal shooting.
    (AP, 1/10/12)
2012        Jan 6, In southwest China two Tibetan men set themselves on fire near the restive Kirti monastery, the 13th and 14th to hit Tibetan areas in less than a year. An 18-year-old died in a hotel room while another man, aged 22, was being treated in hospital.
    (AFP, 1/6/12)(AFP, 1/8/12)
2012        Jan 6, The Czech Republic granted asylum to Oleksandr Tymoshenko, the husband of jailed former Ukrainian PM Yulia Tymoshenko. He requested asylum because a criminal investigation has been launched against him in Ukraine in an attempt to increase pressure on his jailed wife.
    (AP, 1/6/12)
2012        Jan 6, Fiji's government stepped back from a promise of a more open society, imposing new controls on public order just a day before it was supposed to lift more than two years of emergency rule.
    (AP, 1/6/12)
2012        Jan 6, French President Nicolas Sarkozy vowed to push ahead with a new tax on financial transactions, also known as a Tobin tax, even without France's EU partners, in the face of stiff British resistance. The EU's executive European Commission adopted plans last September for a financial transaction tax under which stock and bond trades would be taxed at the rate of 0.1 percent, with derivatives taxed at 0.01 percent.
    (Reuters, 1/8/12)
2012        Jan 6, Fitch Ratings downgraded Hungary's credit grade to junk status, citing a standoff between the country and the EU and the IMF over rescue loans.
    (AP, 1/6/12)
2012        Jan 6, The Iraqi official in charge of reconciling with the country's armed groups said an Iranian-backed Shiite militia, Asaib Ahl al-Haq, that carried out deadly attacks on US troops has agreed to lay down its arms and join the political process. Roadside bombs killed two Shiite pilgrims.
    (AP, 1/6/12)
2012        Jan 6, In Israel Christian lawyer and accountant Gabriel Cadis was fatally stabbed by a man in a Santa suit after a parade in Jaffa marking the day before the Greek Orthodox Christmas. Six Israeli Arabs were arrested on suspicion of involvement in the killing. On Jan 31 police announced the arrest of three Arab Christians from Jaffa saying they had confessed — one for ordering the hit and two for carrying it out.
    (AFP, 1/7/12)(AP, 1/31/12)
2012        Jan 6, Kenyan police seized landmines and homemade explosive devices in Dadaab, the world's largest refugee camp and site of several attacks and blasts in recent months.
    (AFP, 1/6/12)
2012        Jan 6, In New Zealand 7 long-finned pilot whales died after being beached. Rescuers the next day were confident they had saved 18 others.
    (AP, 1/7/12)
2012        Jan 6, In northern Nigeria gunmen fired on Christian mourners, killing at least 20 people. The attack occurred in Mubi in Adamawa state as Igbo traders held a meeting before opening up their shops for business. Boko Haram members attacked a beauty salon and fought government forces as part of its continuing sectarian battle against Nigeria's weak central government. At least eight worshippers died in an attack on the Apostolic Church in Yola, Adamawa state. At a nearby beauty salon, at least three others were killed in a similar attack. At least two people were killed In the town of Potiskum, Yobe state, as gunmen set two banks ablaze and started a gunfight with police.
    (AFP, 1/6/12)(AP, 1/6/12)(AP, 1/7/12)
2012        Jan 6, In Peru Dutch citizen Joran Van der Sloot said he would "sincerely confess" to killing a Peruvian woman in 2010 in a plea strategy that aimed to reduce his eventual prison sentence, prompting judges to suspend the trial until Jan 11.
    (Reuters, 1/6/12)
2012        Jan 6, In Russia a former Cabinet member close to PM Vladimir Putin called for a rerun of the country's fraud-tinged parliamentary elections, an apparent bid to soothe public outrage as Putin seeks to reclaim the presidency.
    (AP, 1/6/12)
2012        Jan 6, An alleged Saudi hacker (19), oxOmar, posted thousands of Israeli credit card numbers and other personal data online, his second politically motivated attack this week.
    (AP, 1/6/12)
2012        Jan 6, In Somalia at least 60 al-Shabab militants were killed in Kenyan airstrikes on Garbaharey town, a base of the al-Qaida-linked group.
    (AP, 1/7/12)
2012        Jan 6, South Africa’s Media24 said its famous Boekehuis bookshop in Johannesburg will close at the end of January, a victim of the country's poor reading culture.
    (AFP, 1/6/12)
2012        Jan 6, In Syria an explosion ripped through a busy intersection in Damascus, hitting a bus carrying police and killing 26 people in what authorities said was the second suicide attack in as many weeks. A smaller bomb exploded in the Damascus suburb of Tal, killing a girl. Syrian troops opened fire on demonstrators holding anti-Assad sit-ins in two parts of the country, killing one and wounding at least 20. In other shootings, security forces killed at least six more people. State media SANA said terrorists blew up a pipeline that carries diesel from the central province of Homs to nearby Hama.
    (AP, 1/6/12)(AP, 1/7/12)
2012        Jan 6, A former Turkish military chief, Gen. Ilker Basbug (68), suspected of leading an Internet campaign to stir revolt, was jailed in a sweeping investigation of alleged conspiracies to topple a civilian government that has stripped the armed forces of political clout.
    (AP, 1/6/12)
2012        Jan 6, Pope Benedict XVI named 22 new cardinals, including prelates in such key posts as New York and Hong Kong and a large number of Italians holding major Vatican positions.
    (AP, 1/6/12)

2013        Jan 6, The White House said Pres. Obama has signed a $9.7 billion bill to pay flood insurance claims from Superstorm Sandy.
    (SFC, 1/7/13, p.A4)
2013        Jan 6, Huell Howser (67), public TV figure, died. His “California Gold" TV series ran for 19 seasons and spawned 6 spin-off series.
    (SFC, 1/8/13, p.C5)
2013        Jan 6, In Afghanistan 2 suicide bombers penetrated a government compound killing five people in Spin Boldak, Kandahar province. In Helmand province a bomb planted at a bus station killed one policeman and wounded another person.
    (AP, 1/6/13)
2013        Jan 6, Libya's interim president Mohammed al-Megarif survived an overnight assassination attempt in an oasis city in the country's southern deserts.
    (AP, 1/7/13)
2013        Jan 6, Pakistan and India traded accusations of violating the cease-fire in the disputed northern region of Kashmir, with Islamabad accusing Indian troops of a cross-border raid that killed one of its soldiers and India charging that Pakistani shelling destroyed a home on its side.
    (AP, 1/6/13)
2013        Jan 6, In Pakistan suspected American drones fired several missiles into three militant hideouts in the South Waziristan tribal region, killing 9 Pakistani Taliban fighters.
    (AP, 1/6/13)
2013        Jan 6, Palestinian Pres. Mahmoud Abbas ordered his government to officially change the name of the Palestinian Authority to "State of Palestine."
    (AP, 1/6/13)
2013        Jan 6, In the Philippines gunmen riding in three black SUVs opened fire on more than 50 army and police troopers who flagged down the vehicles late today in the coastal town of Atimonan in Quezon province. At least three police personnel were among 13 suspected criminals who were gunned down in the shootout on Luzon island.
    (AP, 1/7/13)
2013        Jan 6, Somalia’s Universal TV reported that armed men in police uniform had raped a young woman. The same day Al Jazeera published an article describing rape by security forces in camps for internally displaced people in Mogadishu. Journalist Abdiaziz Abdinur Ibrahim then interviewed the woman but never published a story. He was arrested for conducting the interview.
    (AP, 1/23/13)
2013        Jan 6, The South African presidency announced that is sending 400 army troops to Central African Republic to help the country's army as it faces a threat from a coalition of rebel groups. Neighboring countries Cameroon, Gabon and Republic of Congo already have sent about 120 troops each to help stabilize the country confronted by the rebellion.
    (AP, 1/6/13)
2013        Jan 6, Spain’s “El Nino" lottery showered €840 million ($1.1 billion) on top ticket holders in five regions as the country endured a deep recession and high unemployment.
    (AP, 1/6/13)
2013        Jan 6, Syria’s Pres. Bashar Assad offered a national reconciliation conference, elections and a new constitution but demanded regional and Western countries stop funding and arming rebels trying to overthrow him first. Syria's opposition swiftly rejected the proposal. Fighting between rebels and government forces raged across the country.
    (AP, 1/6/13)
2013        Jan 6, Yemen's state security court sentenced five alleged al-Qaida militants to up to 10 years in prison for carrying out attacks against security forces and supporting the group logistically in the southern province of Abyan in 2011. The court ordered the release of six others who had already spent about 18 months in detention.
    (AP, 1/6/13)

2014        Jan 6, The US Senate confirmed Janet Yellen as the first woman to lead the Federal Reserve.
    (SFC, 1/7/14, p.A6)
2014        Jan 6, The US Supreme Court blocked further same-sex marriages in Utah while state officials appeal a decision allowing such unions.
    (SFC, 1/7/14, p.A6)
2014        Jan 6, In Pennsylvania Colleen LaRose (50), aka “Jihad Jane," was sentenced to ten years in prison for plotting to kill a Swedish artist. She had pleaded guilty and helped in the indictment of two others.
    (SFC, 1/7/14, p.A6)
2014        Jan 6, Airlines canceled more than 4,400 flights as extreme cold in the US Midwest and Northeast froze fuel lines to airplanes and posed exposure hazards for employees working on the tarmac.
    (Reuters, 1/6/14)
2014        Jan 6, Three Chicago-bound trains came to a halt after running into impassable snow and ice. More than 500 passengers spent the night on board Amtrak trains in northwestern Illinois, stranded due to the harsh winter weather.
    (Reuters, 1/7/14)
2014        Jan 6, Dennis Rodman and former NBA players arrived in Pyongyang, North Korea. They planned a "birthday present" game for leader Kim Jong Un.
    (AP, 1/6/14)
2014        Jan 6, Bangladesh’s PM Sheikh Hasina held to her stance that fresh polls could be called only if her rivals halt violence. The opposition already called a 48-hour strike and 7 people were killed in clashes.
    (Reuters, 1/6/14)
2014        Jan 6, Extreme cold in Canada disrupted flights and school classes. Temperatures as low as minus 50 degrees Celsius (-58 Fahrenheit) plunged the western Prairies region into a deep freeze, heightening risks of frostbite and hypothermia.
    (AFP, 1/6/14)
2014        Jan 6, China temporarily lifted a 14-year-old ban on selling video game consoles, paving the way for Sony Corp, Microsoft Corp and Nintendo Co Ltd to enter the world's third largest video game market in terms of revenue.
    (Reuters, 1/7/14)
2014        Jan 6, China destroyed about 6 tons of illegal ivory from its stockpile in an unprecedented move wildlife groups say shows growing concern about the black market trade by authorities in the world's biggest market for elephant tusks.
    (AP, 1/6/14)
2014        Jan 6, China, the biggest investor in South Sudan's oil industry, called for an immediate ceasefire in the world's newest state as rebel and government negotiators haggled over the scope of peace talks meant to end three weeks of fighting.
    (Reuters, 1/6/14)
2014        Jan 6, In the Czech Republic the left-wing Social Democrats, the first-place party in October's parliamentary election, signed a deal with two other parties to form a new coalition government.
    (AP, 1/6/14)
2014        Jan 6, France's interior minister said that local officials have the right to ban shows on a national tour of comic Dieudonne M'Bala M'Bala whose performances are considered anti-Semitic.
    (AP, 1/7/14)
2014        Jan 6, In France two Goodyear managers were trapped in a conference room with angry workers demanding more money in exchange for the inevitable loss of their jobs in Amiens. The managers were released after police intervened on Jan 7.
    (AP, 1/6/14)(AP, 1/7/14)
2014        Jan 6, Iraq's PM Nouri al-Maliki urged residents and tribes of Fallujah to "expel" al-Qaida militants from the Sunni-dominated city to avoid an all-out battle. An army officer and 4 soldiers were captured in Fallujah.
    (AP, 1/6/14)(AP, 1/7/14)
2014        Jan 6, In Israel several thousand African migrants protested outside Western embassies in Tel Aviv, demanding freedom for compatriots jailed by Israel in a desert facility under a new open-ended detention law.
    (Reuters, 1/6/14)
2014        Jan 6, Israel gave final approval for building 272 new apartments in two isolated West Bank settlements as US Sec. of State John Kerry wrapped up his latest mediating mission in the region.
    (SFC, 1/7/14, p.A3)
2014        Jan 6, Latvia Pres. Andris Berzins nominated laimdota Straujuma as the next prime minister.
    (Econ, 1/11/14, p.45)
2014        Jan 6, In Libya an explosion at a guard post outside a courthouse in Benghazi killed one judiciary policeman and seriously wounded another.
    (AFP, 1/6/14)
2014        Jan 6, In Nigeria gunmen shot and killed at least 30 people, burned down 40 homes and made off with scores of cattle from a mainly Christian village in Plateau state. Muslim Fulani herdsmen were blamed.
    (AP, 1/7/14)
2014        Jan 6, In Nigeria a dozen men were formally charged by the Bauchi State Sharia Commission with belonging to a gay club and having received funding from the United States for an apparent membership drive. Four were convicted on March 6. Seven were granted bail on March 11. A Christian suspect awaited his case heard before a secular court.
    (AFP, 3/28/14)
2014        Jan 6, In Pakistan an explosion from a suspected artillery shell stored in a house killed 10 members of a family in  the Tirah Valley village of Dars in the Khyber tribal region.
    (AP, 1/6/14)
2014        Jan 6, In Pakistan Aitzaz Hasan (17) was running late for school when he and friends were interrupted by a stranger in school uniform who was asking for directions. Suspicious of the query, Aitzaz tackled the man as he walked away in Hangu, a district in northwest Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. The man then blew himself up, taking both lives. On Jan 10 PM Nawaz Sharif said Hasan should be honored with the nation's highest civil award of bravery.
    (AP, 1/9/14)
2014        Jan 6, Hamas PM Ismail Haniya reached out to West Bank rivals Fatah saying its members would be allowed back into Gaza, in efforts to promote Palestinian reconciliation.
    (AFP, 1/6/14)
2014        Jan 6, Former Romanian prime minister Adrian Nastase was sentenced to four years in jail for taking hundreds of thousands of dollars in bribes to appoint a businesswoman to a senior government post. He was released from prison in 2013 after serving a third of a previous corruption sentence.
    (AFP, 1/6/14)(SFC, 1/7/14, p.A2)
2014        Jan 6, Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir arrived in Juba calling for an end to three weeks of fighting in South Sudan as mediators struggled to get peace negotiations under way in neighboring Ethiopia.
    (AFP, 1/6/14)
2014        Jan 6, In Syria rival Islamist rebel groups fought in Raqqa, as local fighters tried to drive out a foreign-led al Qaeda affiliate which has also seized towns across the border in Iraq. The al-Qaida-linked ISIL (aka ISIS) group killed 50 people before surrendering its Aleppo base.
    (Reuters, 1/6/14)(AP, 1/7/14)(Econ, 1/11/14, p.40)
2014        Jan 6, Tunisia's national assembly voted to enshrine gender equality "without discrimination" in its draft constitution, a key step towards safeguarding the most liberal laws in the Arab world on women's rights. Unemployed Tunisian youths ransacked an empty police post in the impoverished central region of Gafsa overnight and torched its contents.
    (AFP, 1/6/14)
2014        Jan 6, In Venezuela Monica Spear (29), a popular soap-opera actress and former Miss Venezuela (2004), was shot and killed along with her ex-husband Thomas Henry Berry, a 39-year-old British citizen, during a highway robbery between Puerto Cabello and the provincial capital of Valencia. Their daughter (5) was wounded. Police in Puerto Cabello soon arrested five suspects, some under the age of 18.
    (AP, 1/8/14)
2014        Jan 6, In Yemen tribesmen in Hadramawt province blew up a major oil pipeline in retaliation for the killing by the army of one of their men.
    (AFP, 1/6/14)
    (AP, 1/7/14)
2014        Jan 6, Zambian police arrested and charged opposition leader Frank Bwalya with defamation, after he referred to Pres. Michael Sata as a  "Chumbu Mushololwa." The Bemba term literally refers to a sweet potato that breaks when it is bent and is used to describe someone who does not heed advice.
    (AFP, 1/7/14)

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