Today in History: January 9

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1349        Jan 9, In Basel, Switzerland, 700 Jews were burned alive in their houses.
    (MC, 1/9/02)

1401        Jan 9, In Marienburg some 80 Lithuanian barons were baptized to Catholicism.
    (LHC, 1/9/03)

1409        Jan 9, Rene' d'Anjou (d.1480) was born the son and 3rd child of Duke Louis II of Anjou and Yolande of Aragon at Angers in the Maine-and-Loire region of western France. King René, poet and wine lover, demonstrated how all our leaders ought to be.
    (http://www.guice.org/reneharr.html)(WSJ, 2/13/04, p.A12)

1429        Jan 9, The conference at Luck began (Jan 9-29). Vytautas hosted a grand Congress at Luck ostensibly to unite the region against threats from the Turks to the south. Emperor Sigismund of Hungary agreed to the formation of the Kingdom of Lithuania and dispatched a crown from Hungary.
    (DrEE, 11/9/96, p.6)(LHC, 1/9/03)

1493        Jan 9, Christopher Columbus 1st sighted manatees.
    (MC, 1/9/02)

1554        Jan 9,  Gregory XV, Roman Catholic Pope was born.
    (HN, 1/9/98)

1570        Jan 9, Tsar Ivan the Terrible killed 1000-2000 residents of Novgorod.
    (MC, 1/9/02)

1719        Jan 9, Philip V of Spain declared war on France.
    (HN, 1/9/99)

1768        Jan 9, English cavalry sergeant Philip Astley staged the first modern circus, performing elaborate feats on the backs of horses racing around a ring.
    (MC, 1/9/02)

1788        Jan 9, Connecticut became the fifth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
    (AP, 1/9/99)

1792        Jan 9, The Ottomans signed a treaty with the Russians ending a five year war.
    (HN, 1/9/99)

1793        Jan 9, The first US manned balloon flight occurred as Frenchman Jean Pierre Blanchard, using a hot-air balloon, flew between Philadelphia and Woodbury, N.J. He stayed airborne for 46 minutes, traveled close to 15 miles and set down at the "old Clement farm" in Deptford, New Jersey. [see Jun 23, 1784, Mar 9, 1793]
    (WSJ, 3/31/98, p.A1)(AP, 1/9/99)(ON, 6/09, p.2)

1811        Jan 9, The USS Revenge, a ship commanded by US Navy hero Oliver Hazard Perry ran aground on a reef off of Watch Hill, Rhode Island. Divers discovered the wreck in August 2005, but only made the news public in 2011.
    (AP, 1/8/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Revenge_%281806%29)

1839        Jan 9, The Daguerreotype photo process was announced at the French Academy of Science. Louis Daguerre had the influential astronomer Dominique-Francois-Argo make an announcement at the Academy of Sciences in Paris of the daguerreotype, a photographic process using fumes of iodine to sensitize a silver plate, vapor of mercury to bring out the image, and common salt to fix the image. [See 1765-1833, Nicephore Niepce, French lithographer, and 1816].
    (http://www.articleworld.org/index.php/Louis_Daguerre)(http://tinyurl.com/arl5k5)(WSJ, 9/14/95, p.A-16)(ON, 10/08, p.9)

1847        Jan 9, The first regular issue of The California Star newspaper appeared in San Francisco under editor Elbert P. Jones.
    (SFC, 7/12/14, p.C2)

1855        Jan 9, The clipper ship Guiding Star disappeared in Atlantic and 480 died.
    (MC, 1/9/02)

1857        Jan 9, The Fort Tejon, Ca., earthquake, estimated at magnitude 8, ruptured ground for 225 miles from Parkfield to Tejon Pass. It killed 2 people and destroyed the Teyon Army post.
    (http://earthquake.usgs.gov/research/parkfield/1857.php)(SFC, 5/21/01, p.A4)(SFC, 12/10/04, p.A4)

1859        Jan 9, Carrie Lane Chapman Catt, founder of the League of Women Voters, was born.
    (MC, 1/9/02)

1861        Jan 9,  Mississippi became the 2nd state to secede from the Union.
    (HN, 1/9/98)(AP, 1/9/99)(MC, 1/9/02)
1861        Jan 9, The Star of the West, a merchant vessel bringing reinforcements to Federal troops at Fort Sumter, S.C., retreated after being fired on by a battery in the harbor.
    (AP, 1/9/04)

1870        Jan 9, Alexander Herzen (b.1812), Russian author, died in France. In 1961 US Prof. Martin Malia (1924-2004) authored “Alexander Herzen and the Birth of Russian Socialism (1812-1855).
    (www.bookrags.com/biography/aleksandr-ivanovich-herzen/)(SFC, 11/24/04, p.B6)

1878        Jan 9, Victor Emmanuel II (57), king of Sardinia (1849-61) and Italy (1861-78), died.
    (MC, 1/9/02)

1889        Jan 9, A tornado struck Brooklyn, NY, when Flatbush was farmland. A twister blew through what are now the neighborhoods of Carroll Gardens, Boerum Hill, Downtown, Fort Greene and Williamsburg, blowing roofs off houses and uprooting trees, but killing no one. 14 people were killed by the tornado in Pittsburg, Pa.
    (http://tinyurl.com/349275)(http://tinyurl.com/395f4q)

1890        Jan 9, Karel Capek (d.1938), Czech writer and playwright, was born. He is best remembered for his 1921 play R.U.R. which contained the first use of the word "robot."
    (Econ, 4/2/11, p.65)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karel_%C4%8Capek)

1893        Jan 9, Mohara, Arab ivory and slave trader, died in battle and was eaten.
    (MC, 1/9/02)

1894        Jan 9, The "Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze" was released in movie theaters.
    (MC, 1/9/02)
1894        Jan 9, Georges Feydeau's "Un Fil a la Patte," ("Cat Among the Pigeons") premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 1/9/02)

1902        Jan 9, Rudolph Bing, opera manager (NY Metropolitan Opera), was born.
    (MC, 1/9/02)

1904        Jan 9, George Balanchine, dancer, choreographer, ballet producer, was born. [see Jan 22]
    (MC, 1/9/02)

1905        Jan 9, (Old Style calendar) On what would become known as "Bloody Sunday," Russian Orthodox Father George Gapon led a procession in St. Petersburg of some 200,000 who were marching on the Winter Palace to present their grievances to Czar Nicholas. Troops on the scene panicked, firing into the crowd and killing hundreds, thus igniting the Revolution of 1905. Across Russia, government officials were attacked, peasants seized private estates and workers’ strikes virtually paralyzed the economy. In St. Petersburg, a council (soviet) of workers’ delegates threatened to take over the government.  Nicholas consented to the adoption of a constitution and election of a parliament (Duma). The first Duma met in 1906. [see Jan 22]
    (HNQ, 10/1/00)

1908        Jan 9, French philosopher and feminist Simone de Beauvoir was born in Paris.
    (AP, 1/9/08)
1908        Jan 9,  Count Zeppelin announced plans for his airship to carry 100 passengers.
    (HN, 1/9/98)
1908        Jan 9, Italians reported that Somaliland was under siege by the Abyssinians.
    (HN, 1/9/98)

1909        Jan 9, The Silver Dart made the 1st manned flight in Canada. It was funded by the Aerial Experiment Association, founded by Alexander and Mabel Bell.
    (ON, 1/03, p.5)
1909        Jan 9, A Polar exploration team led by Ernest Shackleton reached 88 degrees, 23 minutes south longitude, 162 degrees east latitude. They were 97 nautical miles short of the South Pole, but the weather is too severe to continue.
    (HN, 1/9/01)

1912        Jan 9,  Colonel Theodore Roosevelt announced that he would run for president if asked.
    (HN, 1/9/01)
1912        Jan 9,  The $18 million Equitable Life Assurance building in New York was destroyed by fire.
    (HN, 1/9/98)

1913        Jan 9, Richard Milhous Nixon, 37th president of the United States (1968-1974) and first President to resign from office, was born in Yorba Linda, Calif.
    (HN, 1/9/98)(AP, 1/9/08)
 
1915        Jan 9,  Pancho Villa signed a treaty with U.S. General Scott, halting border conflicts.
    (HN, 1/9/98)

1923        Jan 9, Katherine Mansfield (34), NZ-British writer (Dove's Nest), died.
    (MC, 1/9/02)

1924        Jan 9,  Ford Motor Co. stock was valued at nearly $1 billion.
    (HN, 1/9/98)
1924        Jan 9,  Sun Yat-sen appealed to the U.S. to seek international pressure for peace in China.
    (HN, 1/9/98)

1927        Jan 9, In San Francisco another bomb exploded at SS Peter and Paul’s Catholic Church on Filbert St. It was the 4th in less than a year.
    (SFC, 11/22/14, p.C1)
1927        Jan 9, Fire in Laurier Palace cinema in Montreal killed 78 children.
    (MC, 1/9/02)

1928        Jan 9, Judith Krantz, author (Scruples, Princess Daisy, Dazzle), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 1/9/02)
1928        Jan 9, Eugene O'Neill's "Marco Millions," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 1/9/02)

1930        Jan 9, Johannes ("John") Charles, Siberian contra-basso, snake handler, faith healer, grandson of Rasputin, was born.
    (MC, 1/9/02)
1930        Jan 9, Earth rumbling awakened Chicagoans- no earthquake, seismologists said. The stockyards sprang a leak and a foul stench covered the city three hours.
    (MC, 1/9/02)
1930        Jan 9, Maria Innocente (33) died. She claimed to have been visited by the Virgin Mary.
    (MC, 1/9/02)

1935        Jan 9, Bob Denver, actor (Dobie Gillis, Gilligan's Island), was born in New Rochelle, NY.
    (MC, 1/9/02)

1937        Jan 9, Italian regime banned marriages between Italians and Abyssinians.
    (MC, 1/9/02)

1941        Jan 9, Joan Baez, American folk singer and Vietnam War protester, was born.
    (HN, 1/9/99)
1941        Jan 9, Some 6,000 Jews were exterminated in a pogrom in Bucharest, Romania. [see Jan 22]
    (MC, 1/9/02)

1942        Jan 9, US Joint Chiefs of Staff became established.
    (MC, 1/9/02)

1943        Jan 9, Soviet planes dropped leaflets on the surrounded Germans in Stalingrad requesting their surrender with humane terms. The Germans refused.
    (HN, 1/9/99)

1944        Jan 9, Antanas Smetona (b.1874), former 1st and 6th Lithuanian president, died in Cleveland, Ohio.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antanas_Smetona)

1945        Jan 9, Maj. Raymond Cromley, head of the top secret "Dixie Mission," sent a cable to US military headquarters in Chunking that said Mao Tse-tung would like send a group to Pres. Roosevelt to explain the situation in China. Ambassador Patrick J. Hurley, who opposed the meeting, intercepted the message and failed to pass it to Pres. Roosevelt.
    (WSJ, 5/30/02, p.A2)
1945        Jan 9, American forces began landing at Lingayen Gulf in the Philippines, 107 miles from Manila. MacArthur finally mounted his invasion of Luzon.
    (HN, 1/9/99)(AP, 1/9/99)

1947        Jan 9,  French General Leclerc broke off all talks with Vietnam’s Ho Chi Minh.
    (HN, 1/9/98)

1952        Jan 9,  Jackie Robinson became the highest paid player in Brooklyn Dodger history.
    (HN, 1/9/98)

1956        Jan 9, George Christopher was sworn in as mayor of SF. He served to 1964.
    (SFC, 1/6/06, p.F6)
1956        Jan 9, The first Dear Abbey column appeared in the San Francisco Chronicle. It was written by Pauline Phillips under the pen name Abigail Van Buren. She began her career as advice columnist "Dear Abby" under editor George Stanleigh Arnold (d.1997 at 78). In 2002 her daughter took over the column.
    (SFC, 5/30/97, p.A26)(SFC, 1/24/09, p.E1)

1957        Jan 9, British PM Anthony Eden resigned in the wake of the Suez crises.
    (AP, 1/9/99)(Econ, 7/29/06, p.23)

1958        Jan 9, President Eisenhower, in his State of the Union address to Congress, warned of the threat of Communist imperialism.
    (AP, 1/9/08)

1959        Jan 9, The TV show "Rawhide" with Clint Eastwood as Rowdy Yates premiered on CBS.
    (http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0052504/)(SSFC, 5/17/09, DB p.50)
1959        Jan 9, The American group Reynolds and Tube Investments took over British Aluminium. In the the first hostile takeover of a large British company.
    (Econ, 6/26/10, p.87)(http://tinyurl.com/28c8c7h)

1960        Jan 9, The foundation stone for Egypt’s Aswan High Dam was laid.
    (www.arabicnews.com/ansub/Daily/Day/020116/2002011626.html)

1964        Jan 9, Anti-US rioting broke out in the Panama Canal Zone, resulting in the deaths of 21 Panamanians and three US soldiers. US forces killed 6 Panamanian students protesting in the canal zone. Violent clashes between Panamanians and American soldiers, which resulted in the deaths of 21 Panamanians and four American soldiers, began when US students’ attempted to raise the American flag at the Canal Zone high school.  An order banning the flying of any flags in front of Canal Zone schools had been issued on December 30, 1963, because of Panamanian sensitivity to US control of the Zone. These events led to attempts to renegotiate the Canal Zone’s status.
    (HN, 1/9/98)(AP, 1/9/99)(HNQ, 6/10/99)
1964        Jan 9, In San Francisco the Civil Service Commission voted unanimously to uphold the firing of Juvenile Probation Officer James A. Forstner, who refusing to shave his beard.
    (SSFC, 1/5/14, DB p.42)

1966        Jan 9, Ronald Reagan appeared on Meet the Press and was asked why he had not disavowed the John Birch Society. Reagan said a committee had looked into the group and found "nothing of a subversive nature." In 1960 an informer reported to the FBI that Reagan was a Beverly Hills chapter member.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F6)

1968        Jan 9, The TV show "It Takes A Thief" with Robert Wagner began on ABC. It written and produced by Leslie Stevens (d.1998) and ran to 1970.
    (SFC, 8/13/97, Z1 p.3)(SFC, 4/29/98, p.C2)
1968        Jan 9, The Surveyor VII space probe made a soft landing on the moon, marking the end of the American series of unmanned explorations of the lunar surface.
    (AP, 1/9/99)

1972        Jan 9, Reclusive billionaire Howard Hughes, speaking by telephone from the Bahamas to reporters in Hollywood, said his purported biography by Clifford Irving was a fake.
    (AP, 1/9/99)
1972        Jan 9, The RMS Queen Elizabeth, the world’s largest ocean liner, sank after a major fire in Hong Kong harbor. It had been purchased by Tung Chao-yung at a bankruptcy sale in Florida. He had hoped to turn it into a floating school. Arson was blamed and it was scrapped.
    (WSJ, 2/6/97, p.B1)(www.ocean-liners.com/ships/queenelizabeth.asp)

1974        Jan 9, Cambodian Government troops opened a drive to avert insurgent attack on Phnom Penh.
    (HN, 1/9/98)

1977        Jan 9, The Oakland Raiders beat the Minnesota Vikings in the Super Bowl 32-14 at the Pasadena Rose Bowl. Quarterback Ken Stabler (1945-2015) led the SF Bay Area team to victory.
    (SFC, 12/21/01, WB p.G16)(SFC, 12/28/01, WB p.G7)(SFC, 7/10/15, p.A1)

1979        Jan 9, The Bee Gees performed “Too Much Heaven," released in late 1978, as their contribution to the "Music for UNICEF" fund. It became part of their 13th album and topped the record charts.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Too_Much_Heaven)
1979        Jan 9, ABBA performed "Chiquitita" at the Music for UNICEF Concert held at the United Nations General Assembly to celebrate UNICEF's Year of the Child. ABBA donated the copyright of this worldwide hit to the UNICEF; see Music for UNICEF Concert. The single was released the following week, and reached #1 in ten countries.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ABBA)
1979        Jan 9, The Act of Montevideo was signed in Uruguay pledging Argentina and Chile to a peaceful solution and a return to the military situation of early 1977. Cardinal Antonio Samore (1905-1983), Vatican representative, mediated the Beagle conflict.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beagle_conflict)

1980        Jan 9, Saudi Arabia beheaded 63 people in towns across the country for their roles in the November 1979 raid on the Grand Mosque in Mecca.
    (AP, 1/9/00)(SSFC, 10/21/01, p.C3)

1982        Jan 9, A 5.9 earthquake hit New England & Canada; the 1st since 1855.
    (http://tinyurl.com/32vvon)

1987        Jan 9, The White House released a memorandum prepared for President Reagan in January 1986 that showed a definite link between US arms sales to Iran and the release of American hostages in Lebanon.
    (AP, 1/9/07)

1989        Jan 9, The Supreme Court agreed to consider the Webster abortion case the same day that Surgeon General C. Everett Koop advised President Reagan he would not issue a report on the health risks of abortion.
    (AP, 1/9/99)
1989        Jan 9, Evan Bayh (b.1955) began office as Indiana state governor and continued to 1997. In 1998 he was elected as a US Senator for Indiana. In 2010 he decided not to seek re-election.   
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evan_Bayh)(Econ, 2/20/10, p.28)

1990        Jan 9, The space shuttle Columbia was launched on a 10-day mission that included retrieving a drifting scientific satellite.
    (AP, 1/9/00)

1991        Jan 9, Secretary of State James A. Baker the Third and Iraqi Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz met for six hours in Geneva, but failed to resolve the Persian Gulf crisis. President Bush, in Washington, accused Iraq of "a total stiff-arm, a total rebuff." Mr. Baker told Mr. Aziz that America would throw Iraq out by force if it did not leave Kuwait.   
    (AP, 1/9/01)(Econ, 5/24/08, p.19)
1991        Jan 9, Microsoft announced Excel 3.0
    (Wired, 12/98, p.197)
1991        Jan 9, Lithuanians gathered to support the parliament in Vilnius.
    (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iT0lb9SWgCk)

1992        Jan 9, President Bush declared his trade visit to Japan a success, saying Japanese officials had agreed to increase imports of American cars, auto parts, computers and other goods. However, U.S. auto executives traveling with Bush sounded less enthusiastic.
    (AP, 1/9/02)

1993        Jan 9, Felix Grucci (87), fireworks expert, died of Alzheimer's disease.
    (www.inthe90s.com/generated/obit1993.shtml)
1993        Jan 9, In France Jean-Claude Romand killed his wife and children in an effort to saved his pride following years of lies. Romand also killed his parents rather than face his lies. In 2001 Emmanuel Carrere authored “The Adversary: A True Story of Murder and Deception."
    (www.truecrimeink.com/bkreview01.htm)(WSJ, 6/9/07, p.P8)
1993        Jan 9, Two Red Cross officials visited a camp of Palestinians who had been deported by Israel to a no man's land in southern Lebanon.
    (AP, 1/9/03)

1994        Jan 9, President Clinton began the first European trip of his administration in Belgium, where -- on the eve of a NATO summit -- he warned of a rising mood of nationalism in Russia that he said threatened Eastern Europe's march of democracy.
    (AP, 1/9/99)

1995        Jan 9, In New York, trials began for Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman and 11 other defendants accused of conspiring to wage a holy war against the United States. Nine were convicted of seditious conspiracy, and two reached plea agreements with the government.
    (AP, 1/9/00)
1995        Jan 9, Severe flooding forced people to flee resort communities in the hills north of San Francisco.
    (AP, 1/9/00)
1995        Jan 9, Peter Cook (57), English comic and actor (Bedazzled,  Beyond the Fringe, The Wrong Box), died.
    (AP, 1/9/05)

1996        Jan 9, President Clinton and Republican congressional leaders broke off budget talks. President Clinton vetoed a Republican welfare overhaul bill.
    (AP, 1/9/01)
1996        Jan 9, US House Speaker fired Christina Jeffery as historian for the House under political pressure based on knowingly false allegations of anti-Semitism by Rep. Charles Schumer (D., N.Y.).
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p. A-18)
1996        Jan 9, Felix Gonzalez-Torres (b.1957), Cuba-born artist, died in Miami of AIDS related complications. He was known for his quiet, minimal installations and sculptures. He was selected posthumously to be the official American representative to the 2007 Venice Bienalle.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/F%C3%A9lix_Gonz%C3%A1lez-Torres)(Econ, 9/24/11, p.105)
1996        Jan 9, Benin’s President Nicephoro Soglo's government said that, in an effort to "correct an injustice," it was formally recognizing voodoo as a religion. He declared Jan 10th as a voodoo holiday.
    (www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/34/011.html)
1996         Jan 9, Chechen rebels under Salman Raduyev seized a hospital in the southern Russian city of Kizlyar and took up to three-thousand hostages. The rebels released all but about 160 hostages the next day, using the remaining captives as a shield against Russian troops. At least 40 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 1/10/96, p. A-12)(SFC, 7/17/99, p.A14)(WSJ, 3/13/00, p.A1)(AP, 1/9/01)

1997        Jan 9, The sliver of a new moon rose over the Muslim world and began the fast of Ramadan for the world’s 1 billion Muslims.
    (SFC, 1/10/97, p.A19)
1997        Jan 9, A Brink’s truck overturned in the Overtown neighborhood of Miami and spilled cash and foodstamps. $400,000 in cash and $300,000 in food stamps was quickly gathered up by residents and pocketed.
    (SFC, 1/10/97, p.A1)
1997        Jan 9, A Comair Brazilian made Embraer 120 commuter plane crashed 18 miles southwest of Detroit and killed all 29 onboard. Icing was blamed for the crash.
    (SFC, 8/28/98, p.A7)(AP, 1/9/99)
1997        Jan 9, Ronald Small (20), a Tamalpais High School football star, was shot and killed during a birthday party at 59 Cole Drive in Marin City, Ca. Darrell Hunter was arrested a week later and in 1998 Iman Kennedy (20) and Rodwell Cutkelvin (25) were arrested. An Int’l. search went into effect for Joseph Michel (26), aka Jo Jo Koulibaly, who was suspected of pulling the trigger on Small. Hunter was found guilty of 1st degree murder in 2000. Charges against Kennedy and Cutkelvin were dropped due to lack of evidence. In 2005 Michel was extradited from Germany. In 2008 Darrell Hunter was cleared of all charges and released from prison.
    (SFC, 11/19/98, p.A22)(SFC, 11/21/98, p.A20)(SFC, 2/22/99, p.A15)(SFC, 2/3/00, p.A18)(SFC, 2/9/00, p.A18)(SFC, 8/24/05, p.B1)(SFC, 5/2/08, p.B7)
1997        Jan 9, The government of the Republic of Georgia informed the US that diplomat Gueorgui Makharadze would be recalled following his Jan 3 involvement in a car crash that left a 16-year-old Washington girl dead. Police evidence strongly suggested that he had been drinking. He was later sentenced to 7-21 years in US prison.
    (SFC, 1/10/97, p.A2)(SFC,12/20/97, p.A12)
1997        Jan 9, In Haiti former Pres. Jean-Bertrand Aristide began forming a new political party called the Lavalas Family. Lavalas means flash flood and is synonymous with democracy.
    (SFC, 1/10/97, p.A15)
1997        Jan 9, In Israel a pair of pipe bombs were exploded in Tel Aviv and 13 people were injured.
    (SFC, 1/10/97, p.A14)
1997        Jan 9, Tamil rebels attacked 2 northern military bases and killed at least 60 soldiers with 232 wounded. A later count had 223 soldiers and 350 guerrillas dead.
    (WSJ, 1/10/97, p.A1)(SFC, 3/7/97, p.A17)
1997        Jan 9, In South Korea workers clashed with riot police. The Federation of Korean Trade Unions with 1.2 million members said it will begin a 2-day strike on Jan 14.
    (SFC, 1/10/97, p.A14)
1997        Jan 9, Christoph Meili, night watchman at the Union Bank of Switzerland, salvaged an armful of books and papers that contained bank records from the Nazi era that were about to be shredded. His dismissal from the security company for which he worked, effective at the end of April, was announced Feb 24.
    (SFC, 1/17/97, p.E1)(SFC, 2/24/97, p.A14)
1997        Jan 9, From Zaire Pres. Seko returned to France, apparently for cancer treatments.
    (SFC, 1/10/97, p.A15)

1998        Jan 9, Anatoly Karpow, defending champion, defeated Viswanathan Anand in the FIDE World Chess Championship.
    (SFC, 1/10/98, p.A4)
1998        Jan 9, Barry Switzer's era with the Dallas Cowboys ended with the announcement of the coach's resignation.
    (AP, 1/9/99)
1998        Jan 9, The US Dow Jones stock market average dropped 222 points or 2.9% over fears about the financial crises in Asia.
    (SFC, 1/10/98, p.A1)
1998        Jan 9, It was reported that the oceans have risen 6 inches this century and that the Alaska permafrost was melting.
    (WSJ, 1/9/98, p.A1)
1998        Jan 9, In Algeria another 35 people were killed.
    (SFC, 1/12/98, p.A1)
1998        Jan 9, In Wuhan, China, a thousand factory workers marched after being laid off with little compensation.
    (SFC, 1/10/98, p.A9)
1998        Jan 9, The decapitated head of Danish Little Mermaid was returned.
    (MC, 1/9/02)
1998        Jan 9, In France Prime Minister Jospin pledged $160 million to help the unemployed, in an attempt to end over a month of sit-ins at unemployment offices across the country.
    (SFC, 1/10/98, p.A8)
1998        Jan 9, In Northern Ireland, the British secretary, Mo Mowlam, met with prisoners at the Maze prison and got their endorsement for the Ulster Democratic Party to return to peace talks. Talks with the Progressive Unionist were scheduled for the next day.
    (SFC, 1/10/98, p.A8)(AP, 1/9/99)
1998        Jan 9, From Pakistan it was reported that investigators have uncovered a pattern of secret payments by foreign governments for business favors during the 2 terms when Benazir Bhutto served as Prime Minister. These included a $10 million payment, deposited into a Asif Zardari account by a Middle East gold bullion dealer, for a monopoly contract to sustain Pakistan’s jewelry industry. Officials said $80 million may be in Swiss banks.
    (SFC, 1/9/98, p.A8)(WSJ, 1/9/98, p.A1)

1999        Jan 9, Presidential advisers prepared a public and legal defense in President Clinton's impeachment trial on charges of perjury and obstruction of justice; Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott, meanwhile, pledged "above all, fairness" to the president.
    (AP, 1/9/00)
1999        Jan 9, New postal rates took effect. The H stamp, for Uncle Sam’s hat, represented the 33 cent rate, a one cent increase.
    (SFC, 11/9/98, p.A2)(SFC, 1/8/99, p.A5)
1999        Jan 9, Near Foca, Bosnia, French troops shot and killed Dragan Gagovic (38), the former police chief of Foca and a war crimes suspect.
    (SFEC, 1/10/99, p.A17)
1999        Jan 9, In Colombia The United Self-Defense Forces, right-wing death squads, killed 27 people in Playon de Orozco, and 14 people in San Pablo. Meanwhile leftist rebels released Norbert Reinhart, a Canadian mining executive, and Osmar Brohha, a German tourist.
    (SFC, 1/11/99, p.A8)
1999        Jan 9, In Indonesia 4 separatist supporters were beaten to death in Aceh province.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.A1)

2000        Jan 9, Pres. Clinton had dinner with Israeli PM Ehud Barak and Syrian Foreign Minister Farouk al-Sharaa. It was the 1st time in half a century that the Israeli and Syrian leaders had shared a meal but no agreement on peace talks was expected.
    (SFC, 1/10/00, p.A10)
2000        Jan 9, The controversial "Sensation" art exhibit ended its three-month run at the Brooklyn Museum, which had gotten into a fight with New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani over what the mayor called the exhibit’s offensive anti-Catholic content.
    (AP, 1/9/01)
2000        Jan 9, In Chechnya rebels attacked Russian positions in Argun, Shali and Gudermes as Russia continued a bombing halt for the Orthodox Christmas.
    (SFC, 1/10/00, p.A10)
2000        Jan 9, Iraqi TV reported that US and British air strikes in southern Iraq wounded 3 people.
    (SFC, 1/10/00, p.A11)
2000        Jan 9, Park Tae-joon, the leader of the United Liberal Democrats, was appointed South Korea’s prime minister.
    (AP, 1/9/01)

2001        Jan 9, Linda Chavez, the Bush nominee for labor secretary, withdrew following reports that she housed an illegal immigrant and paid her for house chores.
    (SFC, 1/10/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 9, The Supreme Court limited the reach of federal law to protect wetlands.
    (WSJ, 1/10/00, p.A1)
2001        Jan 9, It was reported that Amory Lovins (53) of Colorado was attempting to build a super-efficient sport-utility vehicle called the Hypercar with 99 mpg. It would be powered by fuel cells and built from carbon fiber.
    (WSJ, 1/09/00, p.A1)
2001        Jan 9, It was reported that a super cluster of quasars and galaxies was found that spread across 600 million light years. The system was 6.5 billion light years away in the constellation Leo.
    (SFC, 1/9/01, p.A4)
2001        Jan 9, Astronomers reported the discovery of a giant object more than 17 times the size of Jupiter in the constellation Serpens 123 light-years away.
    (SFC, 1/10/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 9, In Algeria four Russian engineers went mushroom picking in the forest of Edough and were found with their throats cut 2 days later.
    (SFC, 1/10/01, p.A9)
2001        Jan 9, Biljana Plavsic, former Bosnian Serb president, left for the Hague to appear before the UN war crimes tribunal over her role in the 1992-1995 war.
    (SFC, 1/10/01, p.A10)
2001        Jan 9, The UN announced that in Burma Aung San Suu Kyi and the military junta had held more than round of talks since October.
    (SFC, 1/10/01, p.A10)
2001        Jan 9, In Chechnya Kenny Gluck, a US aid worker, was kidnapped and a 2nd was wounded.
    (WSJ, 1/11/00, p.A1)
2001        Jan 9, Russia confirmed that it does not intend to make all of its scheduled payments to the 18 Nation Paris Club.
    (SFC, 1/10/01, p.A10)

2002        Jan 9, The Bush administration and the auto industry agreed to promote development of pollution-free cars and trucks powered by hydrogen fuel cells.
    (AP, 1/9/03)
2002        Jan 9, The US Supreme Court ruled that jurors weighing a death sentence must be told if a life term excludes parole.
    (WSJ, 1/10/02, p.A1)
2002        Jan 9, Lawyers advised the Pentagon that the Geneva Conventions do not apply to the Taliban or al Qaeda and that the President has the authority to suspend the Geneva Conventions.
    (SFC, 6/23/04, p.A13)
2002        Jan 9, Ashley Pond (12) was last seen in Oregon City, 20 miles south of Portland, Or. Miranda Gaddis (13) disappeared from the same neighborhood on Mar 8. The remains of Gaddis were found Aug 24 behind the house of Ward Weaver (39), who lived across the street. Weaver was arrested Aug 13 for the rape of his 19-year-old son’s girlfriend. Pond’s remains were found Aug 25.
    (SSFC, 8/25/02, p.A7)(SFC, 8/26/02, p.A3)(SFC, 8/27/02, p.A3)
2002        Jan 9, In Colombia Pres. Pastrana gave FARC 48 hours to retire from their designated safe haven.
    (SFC, 1/10/02, p.A8)
2002        Jan 9, In Israel 2 Hamas gunmen attacked a military post and killed 4 Israeli soldiers. Israel halted work on a mosque next to the Christian Basilica of the Annunciation.
    (SFC, 1/10/02, p.A1)(AP, 1/9/03)
2002        Jan 9, A US KC-130 aerial refueler crashed at Kharan, Pakistan, and all 7 marines aboard were killed.
    (SFC, 1/10/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/10/02, p.A1)
2002        Jan 9, In the Philippines Gen. Diomedio Villanueva said some 100 US military advisers will be allowed to join front-line Philippine troops fighting Abu Sayyaf rebels.
    (SFC, 1/10/02, p.A8)
2002        Jan 9, In Zimbabwe the military chiefs put their support behind Pres. Mugabe saying they would only accept a president who fought in the war for independence.
    (SFC, 1/10/02, p.A8)

2003        Jan 9, The Bush administration said federal airport security screeners will not be allowed to unionize so as not to complicate the war on terrorism.
    (WSJ, 1/10/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 9, Peter Tinniswood (66), British author of plays for TV, radio and stage, died from cancer.
    (AP, 1/10/03)
2003        Jan 9, Six Russian soldiers and police officers were killed in Chechnya in the last 24 hours. Another 9 Russian soldiers died when their convoy came under rebel fire in Grozny. Two rebels were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 1/10/03)(AP, 1/11/03)
2003        Jan 9, In northeast Colombia rebels detonated a car bomb that killed 4 people in a 2nd attack in 2 days.
    (WSJ, 1/10/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 9, India's PM Vajpayee announced the introduction of legislation for dual citizenship for people of Indian origin in "certain countries."
    (SSFC, 1/12/03, p.A4)
2003        Jan 9, UN weapons inspectors said there's no "smoking gun" to prove Iraq has nuclear, chemical or biological weapons, but they demanded that Baghdad provide private access to scientists and fresh evidence to back its claim that it had destroyed its weapons of mass destruction.
    (AP, 1/9/08)
2003        Jan 9, A Peruvian airliner carrying 46 people, including eight children, disappeared amid cloud-covered mountains in the Amazon jungle. On Jan 11 rescue workers found the wreckage of TANS Airlines Flight 222, a Fokker 28 near the jungle town of Chachapoyas. There were no survivors.
    (AP, 1/9/03)(AP, 1/11/03)
2003        Jan 9, In southeastern Turkey 2 Turkish F-4 warplanes collided in heavy fog during a training flight killing the four crew members.
    (AP, 1/9/03)
2003        Jan 9, Thousands of Venezuelan bank workers stayed home to support a nationwide strike seeking new presidential elections.
    (AP, 1/9/04)

2004        Jan 9, The US terror alert level was lowered one step, to yellow. However, airports and airlines kept their high alert status.
    (AP, 1/9/04)
2004        Jan 9, US Officials said Pentagon lawyers had determined that former Iraq leader Saddam Hussein was a prisoner of war since his capture.
    (AP, 1/9/05)
2004        Jan 9, Federal officials arrested 2 people in southern California for conspiring to perform genital mutilations on 2 girls. It was the 1st prosecution under the 1995 federal Female Genital Mutilation Act.
    (SFC, 1/10/04, p.A3)
2004        Jan 9, An Ohio woman who'd claimed to have lost a lottery ticket worth $162 million was charged with filing a false police report. Elecia Battle was later convicted of the misdemeanor and put on one year's probation.
    (AP, 1/9/05)
2004        Jan 9, Royal Dutch/Shell announced that it overstated its proven reserves and planned to slash estimates by 20%.
    (WSJ, 4/20/04, p.A12)
2004        Jan 9, A new Swen-style Trojan horse, dubbed Trojan.Xombe and posing as a critical update from Microsoft, was detected on the Internet.
    (AP, 1/9/04)
2004        Jan 9, An inflatable speedboat packed with Albanian migrants trying to sneak into Italy sank in up to 20-foot high waves and strong winds off Albania's coast, killing 21 people.
    (AP, 1/10/04)
2004        Jan 9, In southeastern Brazil floodwaters swept a bus carrying 30 orange pickers off a road, and at least eight people drowned.
    (AP, 1/10/04)
2004        Jan 9, In Colombia a FARC rebel, aka Jeremias, suspected of killing a Japanese hostage last year died in a shootout with the army outside Bogota.
    (AP, 1/9/04)
2004        Jan 9, In Ecuador about 20 women inmates stripped off clothing and protested from their Guayaquil Prison roof, claiming they've been held for more than a year without trial and should be freed.
    (AP, 1/9/04)
2004        Jan 9, Estonian prosecutors said they have launched an investigation into whether Michael Gorshkow, an 80-year-old former U.S. resident, took part in the massacre of 3,000 Jews during World War II. Gorshkow (19) allegedly helped murder Jews in the Slutsk ghetto of Belarus in 1943 while serving as an interpreter and interrogator for the Gestapo.
    (AP, 1/9/04)
2004        Jan 9, The German Neuzeller Kloster Brewery announced plans to introduce its "Anti-Aging-Bier" this year and sell it in grocery and drug stores.
    (AP, 1/9/04)
2004        Jan 9, In Baqouba, Iraq, an explosion ripped through a busy street as worshippers streamed out of a Shiite Muslim mosque, killing 5 people and wounding dozens of others. US soldiers in Kirkuk killed 2 Iraqi police officers.
    (AP, 1/9/04)(SFC, 1/10/04, p.A8)(SSFC, 1/11/04, p.A7)
2004        Jan 9, Israeli troops swept into the West Bank town of Jenin, making arrests and trading gunfire with militants.
    (AP, 1/9/04)
2004        Jan 9, Norberto Bobbio (94), an Italian liberal philosopher, essayist and senator for life, died in Turin. One of his most important books is the 1955 "Politica e Cultura" ("Politics and Culture"). A 1994 essay, called "Destra e Sinistra" ("Left and Right"), was his best-selling work.
    (AP, 1/10/04)
2004        Jan 9, In Kashmir a hand grenade exploded at a mosque, wounding at least 15 worshippers who had gathered for prayers.
    (AP, 1/9/04)
2004        Jan 9, Libya signed a $170 million compensation accord with families of people who died in the 1989 bombing of a French jetliner.
    (AP, 1/9/04)
2004        Jan 9, Russia and Kazakhstan extended Moscow's lease of the launching pad in Baikonur until 2050. It served as the only link to the troubled International Space Station.
    (AP, 1/9/04)

2005        Jan 9, More heavy rain spread across parts of California and snow piled deeper in the mountains as the state sat under a storm system that left at least 7 dead.
    (AP, 1/9/05)(SFC, 1/10/05, p.B1)
2005        Jan 9, American troops opened fire after their convoy was struck by a roadside bomb at a checkpoint south of Baghdad, killing at least 8 people.
    (AP, 1/9/05)(SFC, 1/10/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 9, In Iraq 7 Ukrainian soldiers and one Kazakh serving with the U.S.-led coalition were killed in an explosion while loading bombs that could be used by warplanes.
    (AP, 1/9/05)
2005        Jan 9, Stanley Fischer, Zambian-born vice-chairman of Citigroup, accepted the nomination to be the next governor of the Bank of Israel.
    (Econ, 1/15/05, p.69)
2005        Jan 9, A French officer serving with U.N. peacekeepers in Lebanon was killed by Israeli shelling, shortly after a Hezbollah bomb attack killed an Israeli soldier and wounded three others near the southern border.
    (AP, 1/9/05)
2005        Jan 9, At least five Maoist rebels fighting to overthrow Nepal's constitutional monarchy were killed, three days before a deadline for the guerrillas to begin peace talks.
    (AP, 1/10/05)
2005        Jan 9, Palestinians held their 1st presidential election in nine years, choosing a successor to longtime leader Yasser Arafat. Mahmoud Abbas was elected Palestinian Authority president by a landslide, giving the pragmatist a mandate to resume peace talks with Israel.
    (AP, 1/9/05)(AP, 1/10/05)
2005        Jan 9, Saudi police killed four terrorists believed linked to al-Qaida after the militants fled their desert tent while throwing hand grenades at surrounding forces.
    (AP, 1/9/05)
2005        Jan 9, Sudan's VP Ali Osman Mohammed Taha and John Garang, the country's main rebel leader, signed the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) to end Africa's longest-running conflict. The treaty said: The 10 states in southern Sudan will be secular, while the north will practice Islamic law; Former rebels will hold 30 percent of national posts, the south will be autonomous; Oil revenues from the south will be split 50-50 between the north and south: The south will vote on independence in 2011; UN observers will monitor a cease-fire and demobilization of troops.
    (AP, 1/9/05)(AP, 1/10/05)(Econ, 12/3/05, p.24)
2005        Jan 9, In Basel, Switzerland, central bankers, joined by commercial counterparts and financial regulators from around the globe, opened a 2-day meeting to discuss ways to ensure smooth economic growth amid worries over widening U.S. deficits.
    (AP, 1/10/05)
2005        Jan 9, In Thailand a 6-story building caught fire and collapsed in Bangkok, trapping five firefighters inside the wreckage.
    (AP, 1/9/05)
2005        Jan 9, The Zimbabwe Standard reported that a maize-meal shortage has become acute.
    (http://allafrica.com/stories/200501100537.html)(Econ, 1/15/05, p.44)

2006        Jan 9, The US charged a husband and wife Florida Int’l. Univ. employees, one a teacher, with spying for decades for Castro’s regime in Cuba.
    (WSJ, 1/10/06, p.A1)(www.voanews.com/english/2006-01-10-voa7.cfm)
2006        Jan 9, The US sent 15 migrants back to Cuba after officials concluded that the section of the partially collapsed bridge where they landed did not count as dry land under the government's policy because it was no longer connected to any of the Keys.
    (AP, 1/10/06)
2006        Jan 9, Confirmation hearings opened in Washington for Supreme Court nominee Samuel Alito.
    (AP, 1/9/07)
2006        Jan 9, "The Phantom of the Opera" leapt past "Cats" to become the longest-running show in Broadway history.
    (AP, 1/9/07)
2006        Jan 9, The US DJIA rose 52.59 to close at 11,011.9, its 1st close above 11,000 since Jun 7, 2001.
    (SFC, 1/10/06, p.E1)
2006        Jan 9, Howard Stern began his new Sirius Satellite radio show.
    (AP, 1/9/06)
2006        Jan 9, Don Stewart (70), soap opera actor (Guiding Light), died in Santa Barbara, Calif.
    (AP, 1/9/07)
2006        Jan 9, Taliban leader Mullah Omar purportedly warned of a coming surge in violence, clearly rejecting the Afghan president's proposal a day earlier to "get in touch" if he wants to talk peace.
    (AP, 1/9/06)
2006        Jan 9, Bolivian President-elect Evo Morales met with Chinese President Hu Jintao in Beijing and called China an "ideological ally," a day after he invited the communist country to develop Bolivia's vast gas reserves.
    (AP, 1/9/06)
2006        Jan 9, In Chile a judge granted bail to former military strongman Augusto Pinochet in the case of nine dissidents who disappeared during his dictatorship, but the general will remain under house arrest while another court reviews the decision.
    (AP, 1/9/06)
2006        Jan 9, China and Japan agreed to hold new talks to resolve a dispute over gas deposits in the East China Sea that could help ease their increasingly strained relations.
    (AP, 1/9/06)
2006        Jan 9, China’s state-controlled oil company CNOOC Ltd. said it is paying $2.3 billion for a 45 percent stake in a Nigerian oil field.
    (AP, 1/9/06)
2006        Jan 9, The US launched a diplomatic initiative to try to mark the contested border between Ethiopia and Eritrea, a dispute that led to a 2 1/2-year war in an area where both countries are again massing troops.
    (AP, 1/9/06)
2006        Jan 9, In Haiti business ground to a halt in a general strike called to protest a wave of kidnappings that has terrified people and cast a shadow over already troubled efforts to restore democracy.
    (AP, 1/9/06)
2006        Jan 9, Experts urged the Indian government to enforce laws against prenatal gender checks and to work to change attitudes after a study showed up to 10 million female fetuses may have been selectively aborted in India over the past two decades.
    (AP, 1/9/06)
2006        Jan 9, Iran state TV reported that 14 alleged members of an Islamic extremist group had been detained. The group in late December grabbed and held nine soldiers hostage.
    (AP, 1/10/06)
2006        Jan 9, In northwestern Iran a small military passenger jet crashed, killing at least 13 people, including the commander of the ground forces of Iran's elite Revolutionary Guards.
    (AP, 1/9/06)
2006        Jan 9, In Iraq insurgents exploded a suicide car bomb and launched two mortar shells at the Interior Ministry during National Police Day celebrations, killing 29 people and injuring 18.
    (AP, 1/9/06)
2006        Jan 9, Israel permitted Palestinian politicians to campaign in disputed Jerusalem, reversing an initial ban and clearing an obstacle to holding Palestinian parliament elections on Jan. 25.
    (AP, 1/9/06)
2006        Jan 9, The death toll from snowstorms that have blasted northern and central Japan since early December rose to 71 after three people died while clearing snow.
    (AP, 1/9/06)
2006        Jan 9, Diplomats from Mexico, Central America, Colombia and the Dominican Republic demanded guest worker programs and the legalization of undocumented migrants in the United States, while criticizing a US proposal for tougher border enforcement.
    (AP, 1/10/06)(Econ, 1/14/06, p.40)
2006        Jan 9, In Turkey a Health Ministry official said preliminary tests showed five more people have been infected with the deadly H5N1 strain of the bird flu virus.
    (AP, 1/9/06)

2007        Jan 9, The Bush administration barred Bank Sepah, Iran’s oldest bank, from doing any future business in the US, accusing it of transferring Iranian missile payments to North Korea. Germany’s Commerzbank AG said it will stop handling dollar transactions for Iran at its new York branch by Jan 31.
    (AP, 1/10/07)(WSJ, 1/10/07, p.A3)
2007        Jan 9, Pres. Bush lifted a ban on oil and gas drilling in Alaska’s Bristol area.
    (SFC, 1/10/07, p.A5)
2007        Jan 9, Mike Beebe, Democrat, was sworn in as the 45th Governor of the State of Arkansas.
    (www.governor.arkansas.gov/gov_biography.html)
2007        Jan 9, The National Park Service announced that it signed a 60-year lease with San Francisco developer to restore Fort Baker and build a hotel called “Cavallo Point, the Lodge at the Golden Gate."
    (SFC, 1/10/07, p.B1)
2007        Jan 9, Steve Jobs introduced the iPhone at the annual Macworld Expo in SF. The 4GB version would be sold for $499 starting in June. A television set add-on called Apple TV was planned to hit stores in February for $299. Apple dropped the word “Computer" from its name.
    (SFC, 1/10/07, p.C1)(WSJ, 1/11/07, p.C1)(Econ, 1/13/07, p.57)
2007        Jan 9, Rex Farrance (59), a longtime editor for PC World, was shot to death during a robbery at his home in Pittsburg, Ca. Farrance had let his son grow medical marijuana. In September Tremaine Amos (25), Darryl Hudson (23) and Montrell Hall (23) were charged with murder in the commission of a robbery. In 2009 Hudson was convicted of murder, robbery and assault. Amos pleaded no contest to voluntary manslaughter in exchange for testifying against Hall and Hudson. A mistrial was declared in Hall’s case. In a retrial Hall was convicted on Oct 9, 2009, of murder, assault, robbery and burglary.
    (SFC, 1/23/07, p.A1)(SFC, 9/26/07, p.B1)(SSFC, 6/21/09, p.B2)(SFC, 10/12/09, p.C4)
2007        Jan 9, An Australian zoo put a group of humans on display to raise awareness about primate conservation, with the proviso that they don't get up to any monkey business.
    (Reuters, 1/9/07)
2007        Jan 9, Dhaka, Bangladesh, turned into a battlefield as protesters, demanding the scrapping of national elections, hurled bombs and rocks at police who responded by firing tear gas and rubber bullets. The parties demanded the postponement of January 22 elections, alleging that they cannot be fair without massive changes to the voter list.
    (AP, 1/9/07)
2007        Jan 9 Britain’s Royal Mail released a set of six stamps depicting the iconic Beatles' album covers.
    (Reuters, 12/28/06)
2007        Jan 9, Freddy Munoz, a reporter for a state-controlled television network in Venezuela, was released from a Colombian jail, 52 days after his arrest on accusations of plotting bomb attacks with leftist rebels.
    (AP, 1/9/07)
2007        Jan 9, Mikhail Prokhorov (41), chief executive of Russian mining giant OAO Norilsk Nickel, was detained in France for questioning as part of a crackdown on a suspected prostitution ring at an upscale ski resort.
    (AP, 1/11/07)
2007        Jan 9, A landslide in a western Indonesian village killed up to 13 people, burying several homes and a small mosque.
    (AP, 1/9/07)
2007        Jan 9, Iraqi and US soldiers, backed by American warplanes, battled suspected insurgents for hours in central Baghdad, and 50 militant fighters were killed. A cargo plane carrying Turkish construction workers crashed during landing at an airport near Baghdad, killing 32 people and injuring two. 4 members of a family died when their house in Baghdad's Sadr City section was destroyed. Police initially said the attack was from two mortar shells, but later a police official and witnesses said the home was fired on by US aircraft.
    (AP, 1/9/07)(AP, 1/10/07)
2007        Jan 9, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert arrived in China for a visit centered around boosting trade ties and discussions on Iran's nuclear program.
    (AP, 1/9/07)
2007        Jan 9, Carlo Ponti (b.1912), Italian film producer and longtime husband of Sophia Loren, died in Geneva. His productions included such films as “La Strada" and “Blowup." In 1965 he joined with David Lean to produce “Doctor Zhivago." Ponti first married Sophia Loren using lawyers in a proxy marriage in Mexico in 1957. They remarried again in France in 1966.
    (SFC, 1/11/07, p.B5)
2007        Jan 9, Japan launched its first full-fledged defense ministry since World War II as part of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's efforts to build a more assertive nation.
    (AFP, 1/9/07)
2007        Jan 9, Jordanian police killed one suspected al-Qaida member and detained a second in a crackdown that foiled a terrorist plot against Jordan.
    (AP, 1/9/07)
2007        Jan 9, In Mexico Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, who has refused to accept his slim loss to President Felipe Calderon in July's election, launched a weekly TV show mocking the government's battle against crime and unemployment and promising to promote a law targeting Mexico's monopolies.
    (AP, 1/10/07)
2007        Jan 9, Nigeria started paying more than 1,000 Biafran police pensioners, 37 years after the west African country ended a bloody civil war.
    (AFP, 1/10/07)
2007        Jan 9, More than 100 Indian fishermen left for home after Pakistan set them free in a goodwill gesture to its longtime rival.
    (AP, 1/9/07)
2007        Jan 9, Philippine troops killed Binang Sali, a senior al-Qaida-linked militant, who allegedly led an urban terror unit of the Muslim extremist group Abu Sayyaf.
    (AP, 1/10/07)
2007        Jan 9, In Somalia US AC-130 strikes were reported to have killed 10 al-Qaida suspects. Local officials said the toll was much higher and included civilians.
    (AP, 1/9/07)(WSJ, 1/10/07, p.A1)
2007        Jan 9, Armed Basque separatist group ETA claimed responsibility for the bomb attack at Madrid airport that killed 2 people last week but said its ceasefire still held and it wanted peace.
    (AFP, 1/9/07)
2007        Jan 9, St. Lucian lawmakers made history in the Caribbean island when they selected two women to lead Parliament.
    (AP, 1/9/07)

2008        Jan 9, The US imposed sanctions on Mishan Jaburi, owner of Al Zawra television in Syria, and Brig. Gen. Ahmed Foruzandeh, leader of the Iranian Quds Force, for broadcasting attacks on American troops and calls to violence. Jaburi, a former parliamentarian in Iraq, had fled to Syria in 2006 amid charges that he had embezzled millions from Iraq’s treasury. The BBC said the station was last seen July 27.
    (SFC, 1/10/08, p.A13)
2008        Jan 9, Members of US Congress increased their salaries to $169,300 this year, up $4,100, or 2.5%, after forgoing a raise in 2007.
    (WSJ, 1/10/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 9, Muir Woods in northern California was listed on the national Registry of Historic Places on its 100th anniversary as a national monument.
    (SFC, 1/10/08, p.B1)
2008        Jan 9, A Survey of teen sexual behavior in Europe and North America found that a “substantial minority" of 15-year-olds have had intercourse.
    (WSJ, 1/10/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 9, Some 70 cars crashed on a highway blanketed by fog and smoke from a brush fire in central Florida. 4 people were killed.
    (AP, 1/9/08)(SFC, 1/10/08, p.A3)
2008        Jan 9, In Washington, DC, the bodies of 4 girls, ages 5-17) were found by federal marshals delivering eviction papers. They had been dead for about seven months. Banita Jacks (34) was later convicted of killing her 4 daughters and in Dec 2009 was sentenced to 120 years in prison.
    (SFC, 12/19/09, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/ya5qebf)
2008        Jan 9, Afghan authorities said that at least 34 people had been killed in days of heavy snowfall across the country. A NATO vehicle struck a mine in southern Afghanistan, killing one soldier and wounding another, while a militant attack in the east left a policeman dead.
    (AFP, 1/9/08)(AP, 1/10/08)
2008        Jan 9, British police and animal welfare authorities rescued 84 neglected horses from a farm where they had found 31 dead horses, ponies and donkeys.
    (AP, 1/9/08)
2008        Jan 9, Sir John Harvey Jones, British corporate manager and TV star, died. He served as chairman of Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) from 1982-1987. In 1990 he became the presenter of the pioneering BBC TV show “Troubleshooter" (1990-1992) which “aimed to interest the general public in the nitty-gritty of running a business." From 1989 to 1994 he served as chairman of The Economist.
    (Econ, 1/19/08, p.94)
2008        Jan 9, French legal plaintiffs said police have arrested Marcel Bivugabagabo (53), a former officer in the Rwandan army accused of taking part in the 1994 genocide. Bivugabagabo was commander of the Ruhengeri sector in western Rwanda from April to July 1994.
    (AFP, 1/9/08)
2008        Jan 9, The WHO, based on door-to-door surveys of nearly 10,000 households, estimated that 151,000 Iraqis had died from the start of war in March, 2003, to June, 2006. 2 policemen were found dead inside their vehicle in the al-Azizyah area, 35 miles southeast of Baghdad. 4 bodies were retrieved from the Tigris River in Suwayrah, 25 miles south of Baghdad. 6 US soldiers were killed and four were wounded in a booby-trapped house in Diyala.
    (SFC, 1/10/08, p.A9)(AP, 1/9/08)(AP, 1/10/08)
2008        Jan 9, The Israeli military fired at Palestinian militants in Gaza, killing three people, after a rocket hit a house in a battered Israeli border town just as President Bush, with an entourage of some 800 people, began his Mideast peace mission. Bush, seeking to pull Israel and the Palestinians toward serious negotiations, said that despite ongoing land squabbles and fears of violence he has high hopes that a Mideast peace pact can be achieved before he leaves office at the end of the year.
    (AP, 1/9/08)(Econ, 1/5/08, p.39)
2008        Jan 9, African Union chief John Kufuor met Kenyan leaders to try to break a political deadlock following disputed presidential polls that sparked widespread violence and left at least 600 dead. Hundreds of Kenyans tried to flee the country's west amid escalating opposition anger after the president named half of a new Cabinet, a line-up packed with his allies.
    (AFP, 1/9/08)(AP, 1/9/08)
2008        Jan 9, Hashim Thaci (39), a former rebel leader, was elected Kosovo's prime minister, vowing that the province is only weeks away from independence and calling on Serbia to give up its claim to the territory.
    (AP, 1/9/08)
2008        Jan 9, The latest round of UN-led peace talks between Morocco and the pro-independence Polisario Front ended in stalemate, with the two sides agreeing to try again in March to resolve a 32-year dispute for control of Western Sahara.
    (AP, 1/9/08)
2008        Jan 9, Norway and Sweden dropped plans to send some 400 troops to the UN peacekeeping force in Darfur because of opposition by Sudan.
    (WSJ, 1/10/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 9, A natural gas blast ripped through an apartment building in Russia's Tatarstan region, killing at least seven people.
    (AP, 1/9/08)

2009        Jan 9, The US House of Representatives voted 390-5 for a bill declaring “unwavering commitment" to Israel."
    (Econ, 1/17/09, p.48)
2009        Jan 9,  The US Labor Dept. reported that unemployment rate rose to 7.2 percent in December, the highest level in 16 years, as nervous employers slashed 524,000 jobs. The labor market is expected to remain weak as mass layoffs continue.
    (AP, 1/9/09)
2009        Jan 9, The US government began collecting DNA samples from all immigrants arrested and detained, despite concerns that the move violates their privacy rights.
    (SFC, 1/9/09, p.A3)
2009        Jan 9, California officials said they will close state offices two Fridays a month as the state faced a $42 billion budget gap.
    (WSJ, 1/12/09, p.A1)
2009        Jan 9, The Illinois House voted to impeach Gov. Rod Blagojevich, an unprecedented step in state history.
    (AP, 1/9/09)
2009        Jan 9, Baltimore Mayor Sheila Dixon (55) was indicted on charges that she accepted illegal gifts, including travel, fur coats and gift cards intended for the poor that she allegedly used instead for a holiday shopping spree. Her trial began on Nov 9.
    (AP, 1/10/09)(SFC, 11/10/09, p.A8)
2009        Jan 9, In Miami Charles Taylor Jr. (31), the son of former Liberian President Charles Taylor, was sentenced to 97 years in prison for mutilations and executions carried out in Liberia, in the first US prosecution for torture committed abroad.
    (Reuters, 1/10/09)
2009        Jan 9, Jon Hager (67), who performed in the musical comedy duo The Hager Twins on "Hee-Haw," died in Nashville. His brother Jim died in May, 2008. The syndicated TV show, which debuted in 1969, satirized country life with a mixture of music and comedy.
    (AP, 1/10/09)
2009        Jan 9, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber detonated explosives strapped to his body inside a produce shop, killing 10 civilians and 2 policemen. 3 US soldiers were killed in southern Zabul province.
    (AP, 1/9/09)(WSJ, 1/10/09, p.A6)
2009        Jan 9, Lloyds TSB Bank said it has agreed to pay a 350-million dollar penalty to settle a probe that it illegally handled financial transfers from 1995 to 2007 for Iran and Sudan in violation of US sanctions.
    (AFP, 1/10/09)
2009        Jan 9, In Worcestershire, England, four armed robbers shot and killed Craig Hodson-Walker (29), a postmaster's son, during a robbery in Fairfield near Bromsgrove. His father was wounded in the leg.
    (AFP, 1/10/09)
2009        Jan 9, Cambodian judges denied that they paid kickbacks to government officials to secure jobs on a genocide tribunal to try former Khmer Rouge leaders.
    (AP, 1/9/09)
2009        Jan 9, In Germany Commerzbank AG issued a euro5 billion ($6.8 billion) bond, the first to be backed by the government's massive stabilization package.
    (AP, 1/9/09)
2009        Jan 9, In India some 55,000 white collar workers at state-run oil companies called off a three-day strike, after causing a severe fuel shortage in India.
    (AP, 1/9/09)
2009        Jan 9, In Iraq a roadside bomb targeting worshippers on their way to pray at a Shiite mosque in Baghdad killed three people.
    (AP, 1/9/09)
2009        Jan 9, Israeli jets and helicopters bombarded Gaza and Hamas responded with a barrage of rockets on at least two cities as both sides defied a UN call for an immediate cease-fire. By the afternoon 22 Palestinians had been killed, pushing the death toll to 776 and in the two-week-old conflict.
    (AP, 1/9/09)
2009        Jan 9, Kenya’s government said 10 million people risked going hungry after harvests failed following a drought.
    (WSJ, 1/10/09, p.A1)
2009        Jan 9, Lithuania’s FlyLAL airline, privatized in 2005, announced that SCH Swiss Capital Holdings, a Switzerland-based firm, has purchased it for $1 million and debt of about 1 million euros. On Jan 17 FlyLAL airline said it has suspended its operations after a buyout deal by Swiss investment firm SCH Swiss Capital Holdings failed.
    (AP, 1/9/09)(AP, 1/17/09)
2009        Jan 9, Pakistan’s PM Gilani said his intelligence agency has given India information about the Mumbai attacks, as US Vice President-elect Joe Biden arrived in Pakistan for talks with the country's top leaders. A series of blasts have gone off near a theater in the eastern city of Lahore, but there has been no immediate word on casualties.
    (AP, 1/9/09)
2009        Jan 9, A Russian helicopter owned by the state gas giant Gazprom crashed while on a hunting trip in the mountains of Western Siberia, killing eight aboard. 3 people survived. The crash involved government officials on an illegal hunt.
    (AP, 1/11/09)(WSJ, 4/28/09, p.A8)
2009        Jan 9, Somali pirates released the MV Sirius Star, an oil-laden Saudi supertanker seized on Nov 15, after receiving a $3 million ransom. Five of the Somali pirates drowned with their share of the $3 million ransom after their small boat capsized.
    (AP, 1/9/09)(AP, 1/10/09)
2009        Jan 9, Somali pirates released a captured Iranian-chartered cargo ship. The ship Delight was carrying 36 tons of wheat when it was attacked in the Gulf of Aden Nov. 18 and seized by pirates. All 25 crew were in good health and the vessel sailed toward Iran.
    (AP, 1/10/09)
2009        Jan 9, Sri Lankan troops captured Elephant Pass, the Tamil Tigers' last stronghold on the Jaffna peninsula, seizing control of a symbolic highway and isolating the retreating rebels in a shrinking slice of northeastern jungle. Government soldiers seized a rebel training camp near the village of Mulliyaweli, in Mullaitivu.
    (AP, 1/9/09)(AP, 1/11/09)

2010        Jan 9, California-based eSolar Inc. said it will help build a series of solar thermal power plants in China, as the world's biggest emitter of greenhouse gases tries to decrease its heavy reliance on coal, imported gas and oil.
    (AP, 1/9/10)
2010        Jan 9, A company called TrueCompanion premiered the "lifelike" sex robot, Roxxxy on the floor of the Adult Entertainment Expo in Las Vegas.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yb7w8gr)(Econ, 4/2/11, p.65)
2010        Jan 9, Afghan President Hamid Karzai presented a second slate of nominees to fill his Cabinet after parliament rejected 70 percent of his first picks. Afghan and NATO officials signed an agreement for NATO to hand over control of the prison at Bagram airbase near Kabul to Afghan authorities. A blast hit a convoy carrying a provincial council member from Wardak province, killing a bodyguard and wounding five others. Another explosion killed one policeman and wounded two in Kandahar. In southern Helmand province an explosion outside Nawa village killed a US Marine and Sunday Mirror journalist Rupert Hamer (39), a veteran war correspondent. Hamer became the first British journalist killed in the conflict. Photographer Philip Coburn (43) was seriously wounded. Mahmoud Mahdi Zeidan, a Jordanian militant who served as a bodyguard for al-Qaida's No. 3 leader, was killed in a US drone attack near the Afghan-Pakistan border.
    (AP, 1/9/10)(AFP, 1/9/10)(AP, 1/10/10)
2010        Jan 9, Algerian security forces killed 10 Islamist rebels in an ambush in the region of M'sila, 400 km (250 miles) east of Algiers. A "large quantity" of weapons were seized during the operation. Islamists looted and burned a Protestant church, suggesting they were inspired by a recent spate of religious intolerance in the Arab and Muslim world.
    (Reuters, 1/10/10)(AP, 1/11/10)
2010        Jan 9, British media reported that Iris Robinson (60), the disgraced wife of Northern Ireland's leader, will step down as a lawmaker within days as pressure mounted on Peter Robinson and the province's shaky coalition government. The reported move follows the revelation that she had an adulterous relationship with a man nearly 40 years her junior, and allegations that she solicited tens of thousands of pounds (dollars) from businessmen to help the teenager launch a cafe. She was 58 at the time, and the man was 19.
    (AP, 1/9/10)
2010        Jan 9, In the Central African Republic the wife of Charles Massi (57), head of the only rebel group in the CAR still fighting the government, said that he has been captured and is in a critical condition in jail. The former prime minister lead the rebel Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP). On Jan 16 Denise Massi and his party said in a statement that Massi has been dead since Jan 8 after being subjected to torture.
    (AFP, 1/9/10)(AFP, 1/16/10)
2010        Jan 9, In Dagestan a car with three men inside exploded during a shootout with police in the Kumtorkala district. The men were part of a local terrorist group and were transporting explosives.
    (AP, 1/10/10)
2010        Jan 9, In Egypt Muslims and Christians set fire to each others' homes and shops near the southern town of Nagaa Hamady, three days after a gunman killed six Coptic Christians in a drive-by shooting there.
    (Reuters, 1/9/10)
2010        Jan 9, Four suspected members of the Basque separatist group ETA were arrested in Portugal and France, one driving a van loaded with explosives near a police barracks. two police officers stopped the van in Spain when their suspicions were raised by its French license plates. The driver of the van then pushed passed the police and proceeded to flee the scene driving off in their patrol car which he stole. The police alerted their Portuguese counterparts who rapidly arrested the man and a woman, who had been following the van in a presumed getaway vehicle with French plates.
    (AP, 1/10/10)
2010        Jan 9, Germans faced the cancellation of hundreds of flights as fresh snow blew in from the south, and Britons shivered through the country's longest cold snap in three decades as icy weather maintained its grip on Europe.
    (AP, 1/9/10)
2010        Jan 9, In Iran about 30 "mourning mothers," with children who were killed or disappeared during the post-election unrest, were arrested in a Tehran park and taken to a detention center in the capital. The mothers had gather in Tehran's Laleh park every Saturday.
    (Reuters, 1/10/10)
2010        Jan 9, In Italy some 300 African migrants were bused out of Rosarno, a southern Italian town rocked by two days of clashes between the migrants, police and local residents. The rioting began after two men, one from Nigeria and the other from Togo, were lightly wounded by a pellet gun attack on Jan 7. Migrants alleged they were earning illegally low wages, as little as euro20 euros ($30), for a 12-hour day picking citrus fruit and other crops. 
    (AP, 1/9/10)
2010        Jan 9, Humam Khalil Abu Mulal al-Balawi, the Jordanian doctor who killed 7 CIA employees in a suicide attack in Afghanistan, said in video clips broadcast posthumously today that all jihadists must attack US targets to avenge the death of Pakistani Taliban chief Baitullah Mehsud. Speaking in Arabic in the video shown on al-Jazeera, the Arabic network, and Aaj, a Pakistani channel, al-Balawi noted that the Pakistani Taliban had given shelter to "emigrants" — Muslim fighters from abroad.
    (AP, 1/9/10)
2010        Jan 9, In Malaysia a fourth church was hit by firebombs, stoking concern among Christians as a dispute rages over the use of the word "Allah" by non-Muslims.
    (AP, 1/9/10)
2010        Jan 9, In Pakistan 2 missiles fired by a suspected unmanned US drone hit a house in Data Khel, an area in North Waziristan that is a stronghold of the Haqqani militant network. 2 people were killed and 3 wounded. Intelligence officials later said the missile strike killed Jamal Saeed Abdul Rahim. Pakistani officials called him an al-Qaida member, but the FBI says he was a member of the Abu Nidal terrorist group. According to an FBI Web site, Rahim is wanted for his alleged role in the Sept. 5, 1986, hijacking of Pan American World Airways Flight 73 during a stop in the southern Pakistani city of Karachi. Some 20 passengers and crew, including two American citizens, were killed during the attack.
    (AP, 1/9/10)(AP, 1/15/10)
2010        Jan 9, In Sri Lanka more than 700 former Tamil Tiger rebels were reunited with family members after months in rehabilitation camps since the country's decades-long civil war ended last year.
    (AP, 1/9/10)
2010        Jan 9, Togo's national soccer team, devastated by a shooting attack on its bus in Angola that killed at least 3 and left 8 gravely injured, withdrew from the African Cup of Nations.
    (AP, 1/9/10)

2011        Jan 9, In San Francisco Police chief George Gascon was sworn in as the city’s first Latino district attorney. Outgoing Mayor Newsom offered him the job the previous day.
    (SFC, 1/10/11, p.A1)
2011        Jan 9, In Afghanistan’s northern province of Kunduz, NATO forces, in tandem with their Afghan counterparts, arrested five people in connection with a Dec. 19 attack that killed at least eight Afghan security soldiers and police in the area. Hundreds gathered in the main mosque in Kunduz to protest the arrest of Mullah Nurallah, the apparent target of the raid. Irate Afghan authorities denied that local forces were involved.
    (AP, 1/9/11)
2011        Jan 9, Algerian authorities vowed to punish those responsible for nationwide food riots in which at least four people were reported killed and more than 800 injured.
    (AFP, 1/9/11)
2011        Jan 9, In Australia a swollen river submerged bridges and inundated homes and stores in Australia's already sodden Queensland state as more heavy rain added to the country's worst flooding in decades.
    (AP, 1/9/11)
2011        Jan 9, British film director Peter Yates (b.1929) died in London. His films included “Bullitt" (1968) and “Breaking Away" (1979).
    (SFC, 1/11/11, p.C4)
2011        Jan 9, Chinese Vice Premier Li Keqiang kicked off a business-focused state visit to Britain with the sealing of a renewable energy deal between Scottish and Chinese companies.
    (AFP, 1/9/11)
2011        Jan 9, In eastern India at least 12 Maoist rebels were killed in two separate clashes with police. 9 were killed in Orissa state and 3 rebels were killed in a clash with police in Bokaro district of neighboring Jharkhand state. According to the Home Ministry the rebels were present in 20 of India's 28 states and have an estimated 10,000 to 20,000 fighters.
    (AP, 1/9/11)
2011        Jan 9, In northwestern Iran a passenger jet broke to pieces on impact while trying an emergency landing in a snowstorm killing at least 77 people in Orumiyeh. The Boeing-727, operated by Iran's national airline, carried 104 passengers and crew.
    (AP, 1/10/11)
2011        Jan 9, Israeli organizers said at least 165 professors have declared a boycott against a contentious Israeli college in the West Bank, deepening an internal rift in Israel over the expansion of West Bank settlements. They said Ariel University Center is an "illegal settlement" intended to prevent Palestinians from establishing an independent state. Bulldozers demolished a wing of the Hotel Shepherd in Jerusalem to make way for a new Israeli enclave in the heart of a Palestinian neighborhood.
    (AP, 1/9/11)(Econ, 1/15/11, p.50)
2011        Jan 9, In Italy a 74-year-old retiree in Genoa shot dead two neighbors and then his wife before turning the gun on himself. Jealousy appeared to be behind the rampage.
    (AP, 1/9/11)
2011        Jan 9, Mexican authorities in Chihuahua state reported 17 people murdered over the weekend, 14 of them in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AFP, 1/9/11)
2011        Jan 9, In Nigeria witnesses heard gunshots and saw smoke rising from neighborhoods in the city of Jos. Gunmen attacked a church near the Maiduguri International Airport in a drive-by shooting. A police officer was killed and the church watchman wounded.
    (AP, 1/9/11)(AP, 1/10/11)
2011        Jan 9, Pakistan's PM Yousuf Raza Gilani bowed to a package of opposition demands to shore up his government after a week in which the ruling party briefly lost its majority in parliament. Tens of thousands of demonstrators marched in Karachi to oppose any change to national blasphemy laws and to praise a man charged with murdering a provincial governor who had campaigned against the divisive legislation.
    (AFP, 1/9/11)(Reuters, 1/9/11)
2011        Jan 9, In the Philippines more than a million Roman Catholics joined a raucous religious procession in Manila to honor a centuries-old black statue of Jesus Christ that they believe possesses mystical powers. Nearly 600 were treated for injuries.
    (AP, 1/9/11)
2011        Jan 9, Sri Lanka's government said that at least nine people have been killed in floods and mudslides caused by heavy rain across the country. One person was reported missing and more than 55,000 people have become homeless and were housed in camps.
    (AP, 1/9/11) 
2011        Jan 9, In Sudan millions of jubilant south Sudanese started voting in an independence referendum expected to see their war-ravaged region emerge as Africa’s 54th sovereign state. Khartoum's government was expected to lose a third of its land, nearly a quarter of its population and much of its main moneymaker, oil. Armed Arab nomads clashed with tribespeople in the disputed Abyei region for the third day leaving 20 people dead. At least 36 people were reported dead in clashes over the last three days between tribespeople and Arab nomads near Sudan's north- south border.
    (Reuters, 1/9/11)(Reuters, 1/9/11)(AP, 1/10/11)(Econ, 1/8/11, p.11)
2011        Jan 9, In Thailand thousands of anti-government demonstrators marched in Bangkok, saying they had learned lessons from chaotic violence last year and had a new strategy for the new year. A Red Shirt leader vowed to hold "frequent and symbolic gatherings" twice a month, a change from the large sit-in last year that lasted 10 weeks and prompted a violent crackdown.
    (AP, 1/9/11)
2011        Jan 9, In Turkey PM Erdogan visited Kars and called for the destruction of a local monument near the Armenian border. The monument featured a divided human figure, with one half extending a hand to the other half. It was meant to symbolize the pain of division and the hope of reconciliation, and was sculpted from stone by Mehmet Aksoy, a prominent Turkish artist. Local authorities halted its construction on grounds that it was built on a historic military site, Timur Pasha emplacement, used to defend the city in the 16th century.
    (AP, 1/10/11)(Econ, 1/15/11, p.56)(http://tinyurl.com/4g4kpya)
2011        Jan 9, UAR media reports said Dubai’s Court of Cassation, the last stop in the appeal process, confirmed that the United Arab Emirates' strict indecency codes cover hand gestures and the deportation sentence would stand and upheld the deportation of a Pakistani man for a case of road rage that included a raised middle finger.
    (AP, 1/9/11)
2011        Jan 9, In the US Virgin Islands a traffic stop led to the seizure of 228 kg (502 pounds) of cocaine from Miguel Pascual, a Dominican national. The drugs had an approximate street value of more than $6 million.
    (AP, 1/10/11)
2011        Jan 9, In Yemen masked men on motorcycles attacked a government vehicle on its way to deposit cash in Zinjibar, killing 3 electricity workers and a guard.
    (Econ, 1/15/11, p.51)

2012        Jan 9, In Maryland former US Army veteran Craig Benedict Baxam (24), who had done earlier tours in Iraq and South Korea, faced charges that he had tried to enlist with Somalia's al-Shabab terrorist group. Baxam, an Army vet trained in intelligence and cryptology, was arrested Jan 6 at Baltimore-Washington Int’l. Airport as he returned from a failed effort to get to Somalia.
    (http://www.cnn.com/2012/01/11/us/soldier-al-shabaab/index.html)
2012        Jan 9, Britain’s PM David Cameron said Scotland should hold an independence referendum as early as 2013, clashing with the SNP which does not want to hold a one before autumn 2014 - the 700th anniversary of the Battle of Bannockburn.
    (Reuters, 2/16/12)
2012        Jan 9, Britons were urged to avoid drinking alcohol for at least two days a week to protect their health, a committee of MPs said in a report published today.
    (Reuters, 1/9/12)
2012        Jan 9, Richard Branson's Virgin Money opened its first bank branch in northeast England. Northern Rock was sold in November to Virgin Money for £747 million ($1.18 billion, 872 million euros) in cash.
    (AFP, 1/9/12)
2012        Jan 9, The presidents of China and South Korea agreed to work together to achieve peace and stability on the Korean peninsula, in their first summit since Kim Jong Il's death opened the chance for major changes in North Korea.
    (AP, 1/9/12)
2012        Jan 9, Guinea-Bissau President Malam Bacai Sanha (64) died in Paris after a lengthy hospitalization. He was elected in this tiny, coup-prone nation on Africa's western coast about two years ago after the previous leader was assassinated.
    (AP, 1/9/12)
2012        Jan 9, Indian software outsourcer Mahindra Satyam said it has filed a case against past directors and a former auditor, seeking damages over a $1 billion accounting scam.
    (AFP, 1/9/12)
2012        Jan 9, Iran’s state radio reported that an Iranian court has convicted Amir Mirzaei Hekmati (28), an American man, of working for the CIA and sentenced him to death. The case added to the accelerating tension between the United States and Iran. In March the Supreme Court tossed out his death penalty and said a new trial would held. In 2014 the death sentence was overturned and reduced to 10 years in jail.
    (AP, 1/9/12)(SFC, 3/6/12, p.A3)(AFP, 4/13/14)
2012        Jan 9, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad visited his close ally President Hugo Chavez in Venezuela on the first leg of a four-nation tour that will also take Ahmadinejad to Nicaragua, Cuba and Ecuador.
    (AP, 1/9/12)
2012        Jan 9, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed two Shiite pilgrims walking to Karbala. 3 car bombs killed at least 17 people in Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/9/12)(SFC, 1/10/12, p.A4)
2012        Jan 9, Malawi's courts ground to a halt as some 2,000 judicial workers began an indefinite strike over work conditions and higher pay.
    (AFP, 1/9/12)
2012        Jan 9, In Malaysia opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim was acquitted of sodomy charges.
    (SFC, 1/10/12, p.A4)
2012        Jan 9, Mexican police found 13 bodies at a gas station in the town of Zitacuaro, Michoacan state.
    (AP, 1/9/12)
2012        Jan 9, Nigerian police and protesters clashed and people were shot dead as tens of thousands demonstrated nationwide over fuel price hikes and a general strike shut down the country. Suspected members of Boko Haram killed two Christians in separate attacks in Maiduguri despite an increased security presence in the area. Boko Haram gunmen killed a secret police officer in Biu. 6 people were killed in Benin as a crowd split off to attack a mosque and terrorize people in neighborhoods that are mainly Hausa.
    (AFP, 1/9/12)(AP, 1/9/12)(AP, 1/10/12)(AFP, 1/10/12)
2012        Jan 9, In Peru passengers in Lima traveled the full length of a 22km elevated railway for the first time. The project had begun in 1986.
    (Econ, 1/14/12, p.37)   
2012        Jan 9, In western Poland military prosecutor Col. Mikolaj Przybyl, the head of a local department investigating organized crime in the army, shot himself in the head after defending the work of his office and rejecting planned reforms. Przybyl survived the shooting in Poznan and said he tried to commit suicide because his own work has been used as a reason supporting plans to close military prosecution offices in Poland.
    (AP, 1/9/12)(AP, 1/10/12)
2012        Jan 9, In Russia a gas explosion and fire at the Il Pittore restaurant in Moscow killed two people and injured at least 26. The explosion was believed to have been caused by improper use of gas canisters.
    (AP, 1/9/12)
2012        Jan 9, In South Sudan Jonglei state governor, Kuol Manyang Juuk, said that Murle fighters had burned down three villages, killed at least 24 people and wounded 20 over the last 24 hours with fighting still ongoing.
    (AP, 1/9/12)(AFP, 1/9/12)
2012        Jan 9, Swiss National Bank chief Philipp Hildebrand resigned acknowledging he could not prove his innocence amid a public uproar over his private currency deals. Dollar swaps last year netted him and his wife tens of thousands in profits.
    (SFC, 1/10/12, p.A2)
2012        Jan 9, Activists said Syrian troops have fired on protesters as Arab League observers toured the Khaldiyeh neighborhood of Homs province. A group of Arab League observers were attacked in the northern city of Latakia and two Kuwaiti army officers were lightly injured.
    (AP, 1/9/12)(AP, 1/10/12)
2012        Jan 9, In Tunisia several hundred journalists demonstrated in Tunis to protest at the appointment of media bosses by the government, which they regard as a return to bad practices of the past.
    (AFP, 1/9/12)
2012        Jan 9, In Venezuela fighting broke out at a jail. 6 prisoners were left dead.
    (AP, 1/10/12)

2013        Jan 9, Google said it is putting $200 million into a Texas Panhandle wind farm.
    (SFC, 1/10/13, p.C6)
2013        Jan 9, Argentina’s ARA Libertad naval ship returned home from Ghana after being held there on a claim by a Cayman Islands-based hedge fund.
    (SFC, 1/10/13, p.A2)
2013        Jan 9, In Australia Richard Ammar Chichakli, a Syrian-born American, was arrested on charges that he conspired with Viktor Bout and others to try to buy aircraft from two companies in the United States.
    (AP, 1/10/13)
2013        Jan 9, British health officials said a new strain of the winter vomiting disease norovirus has spread to France, New Zealand and Japan from Australia and is overtaking all others to become the dominant local strain.
    (Reuters, 1/9/13)
2013        Jan 9, Talks on the crisis in Central African Republic began in Gabon with representatives of the government, rebels and other groups.
    (AP, 1/9/13)
2013        Jan 9, In France 3 Kurdish women, including one of the founders of a militant group battling Turkish troops since 1984, were "executed" at a Kurdish center in Paris. Protesters blamed Turkey. A Turkish lawmaker claimed the women were slain in a dispute between PKK factions.
    (AP, 1/10/13)
2013        Jan 9, In Hong Kong pro-democracy lawmakers made a symbolic attempt to impeach  Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying. The 27 pro-democracy legislators were outnumbered by pro-Beijing representatives in the 70-seat Legislative Council.
    (AP, 1/9/13)
2013        Jan 9, Legislators in Kenya voted themselves a hefty pay package in a late-evening vote on the last day of session before national elections. The bill also would give Kenya's president, vice president and prime minister hefty retirement packages, in a move that could tempt President Mwai Kibaki not to veto the legislation.
    (AP, 1/10/13)
2013        Jan 9, In eastern Kenya 7 people were killed in tribal violence near the Tana River after more than 100 people launched an attack on a local village.
    (AP, 1/9/13)
2013        Jan 9, The fiercest winter storm to hit the Mideast in years brought a rare foot of snow to Jordan, caused fatal accidents in Lebanon and the West Bank, and disrupted traffic on the Suez Canal in Egypt. At least eight people died across the region.
    (AP, 1/9/13)
2013        Jan 9, Mexico’s government enacted a new law that require authorities to assist victims of drug-related violence and establish as fund for possible reparations.
    (SFC, 1/10/13, p.A4)
2013        Jan 9, The Mali army attacked Islamist rebels with heavy weapons in the center of the country which divides the insurgent-held north and the government-controlled south.
    (AP, 1/10/13)
2013        Jan 9, In northwest Pakistan truckers who carry supplies to NATO troops in Afghanistan went on strike to protest lower pay, inadequate security and corrupt officials who demand bribes from the truckers.
    (AP, 1/9/13)
2013        Jan 9, Saudi authorities beheaded a Sri Lankan domestic worker for killing a Saudi baby in her care in 2005. Rizana Nafeek, 17 at the time of the killing, had denied strangling the 4-month-old boy.
    (AP, 1/9/13)(SFC, 1/10/13, p.A2)
2013        Jan 9, A fuel shortage has hit Sierra Leone, causing rationing and long lines at gas stations and hampering the movement of vehicles and goods in the West African nation.
    (AP, 1/9/13)
2013        Jan 9, South African police fired rubber bullets at striking farm workers who set up barricades and threw stones at motorists and security forces in Western Cape province whose vineyards are vital to the wine industry. At least 50 demonstrators were arrested.
    (AP, 1/9/13)
2013        Jan 9, The Sudanese army said its soldiers have killed at least 30 rebels in clashes in the troubled North Darfur region. The rebel forces were said to belong to the Justice and Equality Movement.
    (AP, 1/9/13)
2013        Jan 9, Syrian rebels freed 48 Iranians held captive since August in exchange for the release of more than 2,000 detainees in the first major prisoner swap of the country's civil war.
    (AP, 1/9/13)
2013        Jan 9, The NATO alliance detected the launch of an unguided, short-range ballistic missile in Syria.
    (AP, 1/10/13)
2013        Jan 9, A Vietnamese court found 14 democracy activists guilty of subversion and sentenced them to jail terms ranging from 3-13 years.
    (SFC, 1/10/13, p.A5)

2014        Jan 9, President Barack Obama spoke about how he will target job creation, housing, law enforcement and education in the poorest US communities, part of his pledge to narrow the gap between rich and poor in America. He planned to create "promise zones" in San Antonio, Philadelphia, Los Angeles, southeastern Kentucky, and the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma.
    (Reuters, 1/8/14)
2014        Jan 9, The SEC charged Diamond Foods and two former top executives with accounting fraud. Diamond will pay $5 million to settle the charges. Former CEO Michael Mendes agreed to pay $125,000 to settle. He had previously given back $4 million in bonuses to the company. Litigation continued against former DFO Steven Neill.
    (SFC, 1/10/14, p.C1)
2014        Jan 9, The SEC charged Diamond Foods and two former top executives with accounting fraud. Diamond will pay $5 million to settle the charges. Former CEO Michael Mendes agreed to pay $125,000 to settle. He had previously given back $4 million in bonuses to the company. Litigation continued against former DFO Steven Neill.
    (SFC, 1/10/14, p.C1)
2014        Jan 9, New Jersey Gov. Chris dismissed deputy chief of staff Bridget Anne Kelly, who had sent e-mails calling for trouble at a key commuter choke point and repeatedly apologized in a two-hour news conference.
    (AP, 1/10/14)
2014        Jan 9, Amiri Baraka (b.1934), poet, playwright and black nationalist, died in New Jersey.  He was born as Everett LeRoi Jones and changed his name in 1965 following the assassination of Malcolm X. His play “Dutchman" won the 1964 Obie Award for best American play.
    (SFC, 1/10/14, p.D5)
2014        Jan 9, In Oklahoma an African American man was put to death for murdering a store manager with a baseball bat. This was the second US execution of 2014. Michael Lee Wilson (38) was the third man put to death for the murder of Richard Yost, beaten with a baseball bat and found in the freezer of his supermarket in Tulsa in February 1995.
    (AFP, 1/10/14)
2014        Jan 9, In West Virginia a spill of 4-Methylcyclohexane Methanol (MCHM), a chemical used in the coal industry, occurred on the Elk River in Charleston, West Virginia's capital and largest city. It took Freedom Industries, a maker of specialty chemicals, 12 days to disclose the additional presence of polyglycol ethers (PPH). Over the next year six top company officials pleaded guilty to charges relating to the spill.
    (Reuters, 1/10/14)(AP, 1/23/14)(SFC, 8/20/15, p.A5)
2014        Jan 9, IBM said DBS Group Holdings Ltd. ff Singapore will begin to use the Watson supercomputer to aid financial planners in guiding its wealth management unit’s affluent customers.
    (SFC, 1/10/14, p.C2)
2014        Jan 9, Health experts launched Action on Sugar, a drive to cut sugar levels in food in an effort to tackle obesity and diabetes.
    (AFP, 1/9/14)
2014        Jan 9, Dennis Rodman apologized for comments he made in North Korea about a detained American missionary, saying he had been drinking and was under pressure as he organized a game with former NBA players.
    (AP, 1/9/14)
2014        Jan 9, Afghanistan said it has enough evidence to try only 16 of 88 prisoners that the United States considers a threat to security and plans to free the remaining detainees. Pres. Karzai ordered the release of all but 16 of the 88 prisoners.
    (Reuters, 1/9/14)(SFC, 1/10/14, p.A3)
2014        Jan 9, In northwest Australia the temperature in the Pilbara region reached 122 degrees.
    (SFC, 1/10/14, p.A2)
2014        Jan 9, In Chad African leaders began talks to tackle the sectarian violence wracking the Central African Republic, with the pressure piling on the country's embattled Pres. Michel Djotodia.
    (AFP, 1/9/14)
2014        Jan 9, Chile's supreme court ruled in favor of local fishermen who say Endesa Chile's Bocamina coal-fired facility kills marine life and pollutes ocean water, but it said halting its operations was a decision for environmental authorities.
    (Reuters, 1/10/14)
2014        Jan 9, Chinese officials said famed film director Zhang Yimou must pay more than $1.2 million in fines for having three children in violation of China's strict family planning rules.
    (AP, 1/9/14)
2014        Jan 9, Egyptian courts convicted 113 Muslim Brotherhood supporters on charges including attacking police, rioting and weapons possession in three separate cases brought after protests against the army-backed government.
    (Reuters, 1/9/14)
2014        Jan 9, A European Parliament committee voted to invite Edward Snowden to testify via video link in its investigation of US surveillance practices.
    (AP, 1/9/14)
2014        Jan 9, A French court suspended a ban the city of Nantes imposed to prevent a show tonight by comic Dieudonne M'Bala M'Bala whose performances are considered anti-Semitic.
    (AP, 1/9/14)
2014        Jan 9, A French court ruled that dissident Kazakh Mukhtar Ablyazov, accused of embezzling up to $6 billion from his former bank BTA, should be extradited from France to Ukraine or Russia.
    (Reuters, 1/9/14)
2014        Jan 9, French engineering group Alstom said it has won a contract worth 120 million euros ($163 million) to build Israel's first hydroelectric storage facility.
    (AFP, 1/9/14)
2014        Jan 9, Germany said it has accepted a UN request to destroy remnants of Syria's chemical weapons on its own soil as part of a bid to eliminate the arsenal by June 30.
    (AFP, 1/9/14)
2014        Jan 9, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew himself up at a military recruiting center in Baghdad killing at least 21 people. Human Rights Watch said that Iraqi forces appear to have used mortar fire indiscriminately in civilian areas in recent days in their effort to dislodge militants in Anbar province.
    (AP, 1/9/14)
2014        Jan 9, The Kenyan military killed at least 30 Islamic militants in an airstrike on a militant camp in Somalia.
    (AP, 1/10/14)
2014        Jan 9, In southern Libya a militia chief linked to Awled Sleiman was killed. The tribe accused Toubou tribesmen, traditionally black oasis farmers, of murdering him.
    (AFP, 1/12/14)
2014        Jan 9, Nigeria's military reportedly killed as many as 38 Boko Haram fighters early today during counter-insurgency operations in Borno state.
    (AFP, 1/9/14)
2014        Jan 9, In Pakistan Chaudhry Aslam, a senior police investigator known for arresting dozens of Pakistani Taliban, was killed along with two other officers in a car bombing in Karachi.
    (AP, 1/9/14)
2014        Jan 9, Palestinians threw rocks at a West Bank hotel, shattering windows and breaking up a meeting of Israeli and Palestinian peace activists. Residents of Palestinian refugee camps burnt tires and closed roads in the Israeli-occupied West Bank in protests stemming from a month-long strike by the UN agency that operates the camps.
    (AP, 1/9/14)(Reuters, 1/9/14)
2014        Jan 9, South Sudanese government forces battled to retake the key rebel-held town of Bentiu, as thousands of civilians continued to flee fighting and peace talks appeared deadlocked.
    (AFP, 1/9/14)
2014        Jan 9, In Syria a powerful car bomb exploded near a school in al-Kaffat village, Hama province, killing at least 16 people and causing massive damage to a residential area. Jihadists battling rebels in the north fought to recover lost turf nearly a week after a new front opened in the conflict gripping the country. Syrian government forces killed dozens of rebel fighters overnight who tried to break an army siege of Homs.
    (AP, 1/9/14)(AFP, 1/9/14)(Reuters, 1/10/14)
2014        Jan 9, Disparate Syrian opposition groups, including several Islamist rebel representatives, met for the first time in the Spanish city of Cordoba to seek common ground ahead of peace talks with President Bashar al-Assad's government later this month.
    (Reuters, 1/9/14)
2014        Jan 9, Thai protesters trying to topple PM Shinawatra marched in Bangkok again, testing support for a planned "shutdown" of the capital next week.
    (Reuters, 1/9/14)
2014        Jan 9, Tunisia's Islamist PM Ali Larayedh, who was tortured under the ousted Ben Ali regime, resigned as part of a plan to end months of political deadlock. He is to be replaced within 15 days by premier designate Mehdi Jomaa at the head of a government of technocrats that will lead the country to fresh elections this year under a new constitution.
    (AFP, 1/9/14)

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