Today in History - January 11

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49BCE        Jan 11, Julius Caesar led his army across the Rubicon, plunging Rome into civil war. [see Mar 10]
    (HN, 1/11/99)

1569        Jan 11, The 1st recorded lottery in England was drawn in St Paul's Cathedral.
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1684        Jan 11, In Switzerland this day “was so frightfully cold that all of the communion wine froze," said an entry by Brother Josef Dietrich, governor and "weatherman" of the Einsiedeln Monastery. The Einsiedeln abbots, princes within the Holy Roman Empire until 1798, were powerful leaders who ruled over large swaths of central Switzerland's mountainous terrain.
    (AP, 9/15/07)

1693        Jan 11, Sicily’s Mt. Etna erupted.
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1757        Jan 11, Alexander Hamilton, first U.S. Secretary of Treasury, was born on St.  Croix. After showing remarkable promise in finance, the young Hamilton was sent by a benefactor to King’s College in New York. In 1776, Hamilton joined the Continental Army, where he soon joined George Washington’s staff. After the war, Hamilton became active in New York politics, gaining a reputation as a supporter of a strong central government. In the struggle for the ratification of the Constitution, Hamilton collaborated with James Madison and John Jay in writing the Federalist Papers, which were instrumental in the passage of the Constitution. In 1789, newly elected President George Washington named Hamilton secretary of the treasury. During his tenure, Hamilton established the National Bank, introduced an excise tax, suppressed the Whiskey Rebellion and spearheaded the effort for the federal government to assume the debts of the states. In the presidential election of 1800, Hamilton broke the deadlock between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr by supporting Jefferson. The enmity between Hamilton and his longtime political enemy Burr grew worse during the 1804 campaign for governor of New York. Finally, on July 11, at Weehawken, N.J., the two men fought a duel. Hamilton was shot and died the next day of his injuries.
    (WUD, 1994 p.640)(AP, 1/11/98)(HN, 1/11/00)(HNPD, 1/11/00)

1775        Jan 11, In South Carolina Francis Salvador became the 1st Jew elected to office in America. [see Aug 1]
    (AH, 2/05, p.16)

1785        Jan 11, Continental Congress convened in NYC.
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1787        Jan 11, Titania and Oberon, moons of Uranus, were discovered by William Herschel.
    (www.skyhound.com/george.html)

1797        Jan 11, Francis Lightfoot Lee (62), US farmer and signer Declaration of Independence, died.
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1798        Jan 11, Erekle II (b.~1720), Georgian monarch of the Bagrationi Dynasty, died. He had reigned as the king of Kakheti from 1744 to 1762, and of Kartli and Kakheti from 1762 until 1798. His name is frequently transliterated from the Latinized form Heraclius.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgia_within_the_Russian_Empire)

1801        Jan 11, Domenico Cimarosa (51), Italian composer (Matrimonio segreto), died.
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1803        Jan 11, Monroe and Livingston sailed for Paris to buy New Orleans; they ended up buying Louisiana. [see Dec 20, 1802]
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1805        Jan 11, The Michigan Territory was created.
    (AP, 1/11/98)

1807        Jan 11, Ezra Cornell, founder of Western Union Telegraph and Cornell University (NY), was born in Westchester, NY.
    (AP, 1/11/07)

1813        Jan 11, The 1st pineapples were planted in Hawaii (or 1/21).
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1815        Jan 11, Sir John A. Macdonald, the first prime minister of Canada, was born in Glasgow, Scotland.
    (AP, 1/11/98)

1837        Jan 11, John Field (54), Irish pianist, composer (Nocturnes), died.
    (MC, 1/11/02)
1837        Jan 11, Francois Gerard (66), French baron, painter, died.
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1843        Jan 11, Francis Scott Key (63), poet of "The Star-Spangled Banner," died in Baltimore.
    (HN, 1/11/99)(MC, 1/11/02)

1861        Jan 11, Alabama became the 4th state to secede from the Union.
    (AP, 1/11/98)(HN, 1/11/99)

1862        Jan 11, Lincoln accepted Simon Cameron's resignation as Secretary of War.
    (HN, 1/11/99)

1863        Jan 11, Union forces captured Arkansas Post, or Ft. Hindman, Arkansas.
    (MC, 1/11/02)
1863        Jan 11, The Confederate ship Alabama under Capt. Semmes flew a British flag and lured the USS Hatteras out of Galveston harbor. The Hatteras was quickly sunk.
    (ON, 9/01, p.10)

1864        Jan 11, H. George Selfridge, founder of the British store Selfridge and Co., Ltd., was born. He was the first to say "the customer is always right."
    (HN, 1/11/99)
1864        Jan 11, Charing Cross Station opened in London.
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1865        Jan 11, Battle of Beverly, WV.
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1866        Jan 11, Steamship London sank in storm off Land's End England and 220 people died.
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1874        Jan 11, Gail Borden (b.1801), inventor of condensed milk, died in Borden, Tx. Epitaph: “I tried and failed, I tried again and again and succeeded."
    (ON, 5/04, p.5)( www.famoustexans.com/GailBorden.htm)

1879        Jan 11, The Zulu war against British colonial rule in South Africa began. [see Jan 12]
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1887        Jan 11, At Fort Smith, Ark., hang man George Maledon dispatched four more victims in a multiple hanging.
    (HN, 1/11/99)

1891        Jan 11, Georges-Eugene Haussmann (b.1809), French town planner, died. He designed modern-day Paris.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baron_Haussmann)

1893        Jan 11, Benjamin Butler (b.1818), former Union general, lawyer and governor of Massachusetts (1883-1884), died in New Hampshire.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Franklin_Butler_%28politician%29)

1902        Jan 11, Maurice Durufle, French organist, composer, was born.
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1903        Jan 11, Alan Patton, South African novelist who wrote "Cry, the Beloved Country," was born.
    (HN, 1/11/99)

1904        Jan 11, British troops massacred 1,000 dervishes in Somaliland.
    (HN, 1/11/99)

1906        Jan 11, Albert Hoffmann, Switzerland, chemist (discovered LSD in 1943), was born.
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1908        Jan 11, The Grand Canyon National Monument was created with a proclamation by President Theodore Roosevelt. It became a national park in 1919.
    (AP, 1/11/08)

1913        Jan 11, The first sedan-type automobile, a Hudson, went on display at the 13th Automobile Show in New York.
    (AP, 1/11/99)

1916        Jan 11, Russian General Yudenich launched a WWI winter offensive and advanced west.
    (HN, 1/11/99)

1922        Jan 11, Insulin, then called isletin, was 1st used to treat diabetes on Leonard Thompson (14) of Canada. [see Jan 23]
    (www.insulinfreetimes.org/00_spring/giants.htm)

1923        Jan 11, The French entered Essen in the Ruhr. They were there to extract Germany's resources as war payment.
    (HN, 1/11/99)

1928        Jan 11, Leon Trotsky, a leader of the Bolshevik revolution and early architect of the Soviet state, was shipped out by Soviet leader Joseph Stalin to Alma-Ata in remote Soviet Central Asia. Later he was banished from the USSR.
    (MC, 1/11/02)
1928        Jan 11, Thomas Hardy (87), English novelist, died near Dorchester. His books included “Far from Maddening Crowd" (1874) and “Jude the Obscure" (1895). In 2006 Claire Tomalin authored “Thomas Hardy: The Time-Torn Man."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Hardy)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.96)

1934        Jan 11, Jean Chretien, Pres. of Canada, was born.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A20)
1934        Jan 11, The German police raided the homes of dissident clergy in Berlin.
    (HN, 1/11/99)

1935        Jan 11, Aviator Amelia Earhart began a trip from Honolulu to Oakland, Calif., becoming the first woman to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean.
    (AP, 1/11/98)
1935        Jan 11, Rabbi Ira Eisenstein (d.2001 at 94) published his first issue of "The Reconstructionist" journal and continued as editor through 1981. Reconstructionist belief saw Judaism as "the evolving religious civilization of the Jewish people." Eisenstein believed that God could be understood only by observing God’s effect on the world. "We get to know what God is by what God makes people do."
    (http://jrf.org/resources/files/Reconstructionist%20at%2070%20-%20Hirsh.pdf)(SFC, 7/5/01, p.D2)

1940        Jan 11, Sergei Prokofiev's ballet Romeo and Juliet premiered in Leningrad.
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1941        Jan 11, Adolf Hitler ordered forces to be prepared to enter North Africa to assist the Italian effort, marking the establishment of the Afrika Korps.
    (HN, 1/11/99)
1941        Jan 11, Emanuel Lasker (b.1868), German mathematician and chess player, died. In 1927 he authored “Lasker’s Manual of Chess."
    (WSJ, 3/22/08, p.W10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emanuel_Lasker)

1942        Jan 11, Japan declared war against the Netherlands, the same day that Japanese forces invaded the Dutch East Indies (later Indonesia) at Borneo.
    (AP, 1/11/98)(HN, 1/11/00)

1943        Jan 11, President Franklin D. Roosevelt flew to Morocco for a top-secret meeting with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. He had not flown since 1932, when he traveled from Albany, New York, to Chicago to accept his nomination at the Democratic national convention. No U.S. president had previously flown while in office because the Secret Service regarded flying as a dangerous mode of transport. Air travel was the only realistic option for the trip to Casablanca because German submarines lurking in the Atlantic made a surface crossing too risky.
    (HNQ, 4/8/02)
1943        Jan 11, The United States and Britain signed treaties relinquishing extraterritorial rights in China.
    (AP, 1/11/98)
1943        Jan 11, The Soviet Red Army encircled Stalingrad.
    (HN, 1/11/99)

1944        Jan 11, Jerome Morse (d.2001 at 80), B-17 navigator, was shot down over Germany and became a POW for 1 ½ years. In 1959 Pres. Eisenhower demonstrated Morse’s invention of the 1st miniaturized, portable nuclear power generator, used for space vehicles.
    (SFC, 12/15/01, p.A25)
1944        Jan 11, Crakow-Plaszow Concentration Camp was established.
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1946        Jan 11, Naomi (Diane) Judd, Grammy Award-winning singer: duo: The Judds, was born: Why Not Me, Have Mercy, LP: Heartland; mother of singers, Wynonna, Ashley-actress.
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1948        Jan 11, President Harry S Truman proposed free, two-year community colleges for all who wanted an education.
    (HN, 1/11/99)

1949        Jan 11, Surrender talks in China between the Nationalists and Communists opened as Tientsing was virtually lost to the Communists.
    (HN, 1/11/99)

1952        Jan 11, Jordan adopted a constitution, which enshrined the king’s right to hire and fire unelected prime ministers.
    (Econ, 2/5/11, p.32)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Jordan)

1954        Jan 11, Oscar Straus (83), Austrian composer (The Chocolate Soldier), died.
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1959        Jan 11, Huber Matos Benitez (1918-2014), Cuban revolutionary, was appointed by Fidel Castro as governor of Camaguey province. In the Fall Huber Matos resigned his posts. He was arrested and sentenced to 20 years in prison for treason and sedition. After prison he settled in Florida.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huber_Matos)(Econ, 3/15/14, p.86)
1959        Jan 11, Mohammed Zakaria Ghonein, discoverer of 6,000 year old pyramid, died.
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1961        Jan 11, There was a race riot at the University of Georgia.
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1963        Jan 11, The 1st discotheque opened, Whiskey-a-go-go in LA.
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1964        Jan 11, Some of Pablo Picasso works that have never been seen before went on exhibit in Toronto.
    (HN, 1/11/99)
1964        Jan 11, US Surgeon General Luther Terry issued “Smoking and Health" the first major government report saying smoking may be hazardous to one's health. The US surgeon-general announced that smoking contributes substantially to mortality.
    (WSJ, 4/12/96, p.A-12)(AP, 1/11/98)(WSJ, 1/27/04, p.A1)(Econ, 1/11/14, p.25)

1966        Jan 11, In Brazil 550 died in landslides in mountains behind Rio de Janeiro after rain.
    (MC, 1/11/02)
1966        Jan 11, Albert Giacometti (64), Swiss-French painter and sculptor, died in Switzerland.
    (WSJ, 12/19/01, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alberto_Giacometti)

1967        Jan 11, Segregationist Lester Maddox (1915-2003) was inaugurated as governor of Georgia.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lester_Maddox)

1972        Jan 11, The TV movie "Kolchak, The Night Stalker" aired for the first time. It was followed by a series of 22 episodes that ended Mar 28, 1975.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0067490/)
1972        Jan 11, East-Pakistan became the independent state of Bangladesh. [see Dec 16, 1971]
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1973        Jan 11, Owners of American League baseball teams voted to adopt the designated-hitter rule on a trial basis.
    (AP, 1/11/98)
1973        Jan 11, The Dow Jones Industrials hit a peak of 1051.70. The market then began a 24 month decline of 46%.
    (WSJ, 11/4/96, p.C1)(SFC,10/17/97, p.B2)

1977        Jan 11, France set off an international uproar by releasing Abu Daoud, a Palestinian suspected of involvement in the massacre of Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics. In 1999 Mohammed Oudeh, aka Abu Daoud, published an autobiography in France in which he admitted to playing a mastermind role in the 1972 Munich hostage episode.
    (AP, 1/11/98)(SFC, 6/14/99, p.A14)

1978        Jan 11, Two Soviet cosmonauts aboard the Soyuz 27 capsule linked up with the Salyut 6 orbiting space station, where the Soyuz 26 capsule was already docked.
    (AP, 1/11/98)

1980        Jan 11, Honda announced that it would build Japan's first U.S. passenger-car assembly plant in Ohio.
    (HN, 1/11/99)

1981        Jan 11, The Oakland Raiders defeated the San Diego Charges 34-27 in the AFC championship game.
    (http://nfl-playoffs,-1980-81.iqnaut.net/)

1988        Jan 11, Alexandria, Danielle, Erica, Raymond and Veronica L'Esperance, the first US test tube quintuplets, were born in Royal Oak, Michigan.
    (www.threebluestars.com/multiples/quintuplets.html)
1988        Jan 11, Vice President George Bush met with representatives of independent counsel Lawrence E. Walsh to answer questions about the Iran-Contra affair.
    (AP, 1/11/98)
1988        Jan 11, Gregory "Pappy" Boyington (75), World War II flying ace died in Fresno, Calif.
    (AP, 1/11/98)
1988        Jan 11, The Soviet Union announced it would participate in the 1988 Seoul Summer Olympics.
    (AP, 1/11/98)

1989        Jan 11, President Reagan bade the nation farewell in an address from the Oval Office.
    (AP, 1/11/99)
1989        Jan 11, A kindergarten student was caught with loaded handgun at a Bronx school.
    (http://tinyurl.com/zldce)

1990        Jan 11, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev visited Lithuania, where he sought to assure supporters of independence that they would have a say in their republic's future.
    (AP, 1/11/00)

1991        Jan 11, The United States and Iraq intensified their rhetoric, with Secretary of State James A. Baker III telling Air Force pilots in Saudi Arabia, “We pass the brink at midnight January 15," and Iraqi President Saddam Hussein boasting of his army’s readiness. Congress empowered Bush to order attack on Iraq.
    (AP, 1/11/01)(MC, 1/11/02)

1992        Jan 11, The president of Algeria (Chadli Bendjedid) resigned, two weeks after Muslim fundamentalists had defeated his ruling party in legislative elections.
    (AP, 1/11/02)

1993        Jan 11, Former independent presidential candidate Ross Perot publicly returned to politics, recruiting Americans for a watchdog group that, he told CNN, would counter special interests that were preventing government reform and deficit reduction.
    (AP, 1/11/98)

1994        Jan 11, NATO leaders concluded a summit in Belgium by warning Bosnian Serbs of their willingness to order bombing raids in former Yugoslavia to relieve embattled Muslim enclaves. President Clinton, who attended the summit, then traveled to the Czech Republic for a short visit.
    (AP, 1/11/99)
1994        Jan 11, John Bradley (70), raised US flag at Iwo Jima (1945), died.
    (www.iwojima.com/raising/raisingc.htm)

1995        Jan 11, President Clinton and Japanese Prime Minister Tomiichi Murayama held a low-key summit in Washington, playing down differences over trade.
    (AP, 1/11/00)
1995        Jan 11, A 9-year-old girl survived a Colombian airliner crash that killed the other 52 people aboard near the Caribbean resort of Cartagena.
    (AP, 1/11/00)

1996        Jan 11, Addressing pointed questions about the first lady, President Clinton offered a rousing defense of his wife, Hillary, during a news conference.
    (AP, 1/11/01)
1996        Jan 11, The space shuttle “Endeavour" blasted off on a nine-day mission.
    (AP, 1/11/01)
1996        Jan 11, The Little Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Green Co., Ala., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1996        Jan 11, The Mt. Zoar Baptist Church in Green Co., Ala., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1996        Jan 11, Ryutaro Hashimoto was chosen the new prime minister of Japan.
    (AP, 1/11/01)
1996        Jan 11, Funeral services were held for former French president Francois Mitterrand.
    (AP, 1/11/01)
1996        Jan 11, In Peru Lori Berenson was sentenced to life in prison. In 2000 a military tribunal overturned the life sentence and opened the way for a civilian trial.
    (SFC, 10/2/97, p.A10) (WSJ, 8/28/00, p.A1)

1997        Jan 11, President Clinton summoned top administration officials to a daylong planning session for his second term.
    (AP, 1/11/98)
1997        Jan 11, In Burundi soldiers shot and killed 126 Burundian Hutu refugees trying to break out of a holding camp in the northeast. Seven soldiers were arrested for the slayings.
    (SFEC, 1/12/97,  p.A12)
1997        Jan 11, An earthquake of magnitude 7.3 shook Mexico City, the western and central areas, and the southern part of Mexico, but no deaths were reported.
    (SFEC, 1/12/97,  p.A2)(AP, 1/11/98)

1998        Jan 11, The Denver Broncos beat the Pittsburgh Steelers, 24-21, to win the American Football Conference Championship; the Green Bay Packers defeated the San Francisco 49ers, 23-10, to claim the National Football Conference Championship.
    (AP, 1/11/99)
1998        Jan 11, Klaus Tennstedt (71), conductor, died.
    (MC, 1/11/02)
1998        Jan 11, In Algeria 11 more people were killed over the weekend.
    (SFC, 1/12/98, p.A1)
1998        Jan 11, From China it was reported that parrots had become a speculative rage in Beijing where a green-faced parrot could fetch $2,400.
    (SFEC, 1/11/98, p.A29)
1998        Jan 11, In Northern Ireland Terry Enwright (28), a relative of Gerry Adams, was slain outside the Space nightclub in Belfast. The Protestant Loyalist Volunteer Force claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 1/12/98, p.A10)
1998        Jan 11, In Lahore, Pakistan, 24 Shiite Muslims  were killed in an attack by the Sipah-e-Sahabah (Friends of the Guardians of the Prophet), a militant Sunni group. The Shiites were at a ceremony marking the 2-year anniversary of the death of their teacher, Mohammed Hussein Rizwan.
    (SFC, 1/12/98, p.A10)
1998        Jan 11, In the UAR a large oil spill resulted when an 11,000-ton oil barge ran aground. Some 4,000 tons spilled on beaches and threatened marine and bird life.
    (SFC, 1/12/98, p.A12)

1999        Jan 11, President Clinton and House Republicans clashed in impeachment trial papers, with the White House claiming the perjury and obstruction allegations fell short of high crimes and misdemeanors and GOP lawmakers rebutting: "If this is not enough, what is?"
    (AP, 1/11/00)
1999        Jan 11, Hillary Clinton unveiled a new silver commemorative dollar in honor of Dolly Madison. The coin, designed by Tiffany, was the first to honor a first lady but was not legal tender.
    (SFC, 1/12/99, p.A3)
1999        Jan 11, US planes fired missiles at 2 Iraqi defense installations after determining that they were about to be attacked by surface to air missiles.
    (SFC, 1/12/99, p.A8)
1999        Jan 11, In Haiti Pres. Preval announced that he would bypass the Parliament and appoint a new government by decree.
    (SFC, 1/13/99, p.A10)
1999        Jan 11, In Kosovo Enver Maloku, the head of the Kosovo Information Center, was shot and killed by 3 assassins in Pristina.
    (SFC, 1/12/99, p.A8)

2000        Jan 11, Pres. Clinton signed a proclamation for the Grand Parashant National Monument with 1.014 million acres along the northern boundary of the Grand Canyon; the 71,100 acre Agua Fria National Monument near Phoenix; and the California Coastal National Monument, which includes thousands of islands, rocks and reefs along the 840 mile California coast.
    (SFC, 1/12/00, p.A3)(WSJ, 1/12/00, p.A4)
2000        Jan 11, Whittling away more of the federal government’s power over states, the US Supreme Court ruled, 5-to-4, that state employees cannot go into federal court to sue over age bias.
    (AP, 1/11/01)
2000        Jan 11, Carlton Fisk and Tony Perez were elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.
    (AP, 1/11/01)
2000        Jan 11, Algeria’s Pres. Bouteflika gave a blanket pardon to all members of the Islamic Salvation Army 2 days before a deadline for all Islamic militants to lay down their arms.
    (SFC, 1/12/00, p.A11)
2000        Jan 11, Britain and Iran signed a joint declaration to fight terrorism and drug trafficking, promote trade and strengthen ties.
    (SFC, 1/12/00, p.A11)
2000        Jan 11, An EU court ruled in favor of a German woman who claimed that a German constitutional ban against women bearing arms amounts to sexual discrimination.
    (SFC, 1/12/00, p.A11)
2000        Jan 22, In East Timor UN investigators found the bodies of 8 people in a mass grave. This brought the total number of bodies recovered since Sep to about 200.
    (SFC, 1/12/00, p.A11)
2000        Jan 11, In Russia acting Pres. Putin announced a 20% increase in pensions ahead of the Mar 26 elections.
    (SFC, 1/12/00, p.A11)

2001        Jan 11, Pres.-elect Bush chose Elaine Chao, a former head of the peace Corps and United Way, to serve as secretary of labor after Linda Chavez withdrew. Bush chose Robert Zoellick to be the US trade representative.
    (SFC, 1/12/01, p.A1,12)(AP, 1/11/02)
2001        Jan 11, James Riady, Indonesian businessman, agreed to pay an $8.6 million US fine and pleaded guilty for arranging $500,000 in illegal donations to Pres. Clinton and others.
    (WSJ, 1/12/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 11, The US Army premiered its new slogan “An Army of one" on the TV sitcom “Friends."
    (SFC, 1/10/01, p.B3)
2001        Jan 11, The US Army blamed the “fog of war" in apology and acknowledgement that US soldiers massacred 248 refugees at No Gun Ri in South Korea in 1950.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.D2)(AP, 1/11/02)
2001        Jan 11, The FCC approved the $106 billion merger of America Online (AOL) and Time Warner.
    (SFC, 1/12/01, p.A1)
2002        Jan 11, Frank Gruttadauria (44), Lehman Brothers stockbroker, was last seen in Cleveland. It was later reported that $300 million were missing from the accounts of some 2 dozen Lehman clients. Gruttadauria turned himself in Feb 9.
    (WSJ, 2/8/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 2/10/02, p.A15)
2001        Jan 11, FedEx agreed to handle most of the Postal Services air transportation in a $6.3 billion deal.
    (WSJ, 1/2/02, p.R12)
2001        Jan 11, Unisys, Dell and Microsoft announced an agreement to jointly create an electronic voting system.
    (WSJ, 1/11/01, p.B1)
2001        Jan 11, Researchers in Oregon reported the 1st genetically altered monkey produced to contain a jelly-fish gene for florescence.
    (SFC, 1/12/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 11, In Oklahoma Wanda Jean Allen (41) was executed for 2 murders. This was the 1st execution of an African American woman since 1954.
    (SFC, 1/12/01, p.A6)
2001        Jan 11, In China state media reported at least 27 people dead from a New years Day blizzard in inner Mongolia.
    (SFC, 1/12/01, p.A18)
2001        Jan 11, In the Czech Republic Jiri Hodac resigned as the chief of television. Over 50,000 protestors continued to demonstrate in Wenceslas Square for guarantees of political independence for public television.
    (SFC, 1/12/01, p.A17)
2001        Jan 11, Israeli and Palestinian high level peace talks resumed as Israel lifted the blockade of West Bank towns of Qalqilyah and Jenin and reopened the Palestinian airport in Gaza. Palestinian travel from the West Bank to Jordan and from Gaza to Egypt was opened.
    (SFC, 1/12/01, p.A16)

2002        Jan 11, Alan Greenspan said the US economy is still vulnerable.
    (SFC, 1/12/02, p.A1)
2002        Jan 11, The first planeload of al-Qaida prisoners from Afghanistan arrived at a U.S. military detention camp in Guantanamo, Cuba.
    (AP, 1/11/03)
2002        Jan 11, Ford Motor Co. announced it was eliminating 35,000 jobs, closing five plants and dropping four models.
    (SFC, 1/12/02, p.B1)(AP, 1/11/03)
2002        Jan 11, Frank Gruttadauria (44), Lehman Brothers stock broker, was last seen in Cleveland. It was later reported that $300 million were missing from the accounts of some 2 dozen Lehman clients. Gruttadauria turned himself in Feb 9.
    (WSJ, 2/8/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 2/10/02, p.A15)
2002        Jan 11, In Argentina the peso sank 40% on its 1st day of floating trade after 11 years of being tied to the U.S. dollar.
    (SFC, 1/12/02, p.A14)(AP, 1/11/03)
2002        Jan 11, Israeli tanks and bulldozers plowed up runways at the Gaza Int’l. Airport. Palestinian police detained 2 Palestinian officials suspected of smuggling arms into Gaza.
    (SFC, 1/11/02, p.A3)(SFC, 1/12/02, p.A6)
2002        Jan 11, In Russia an appeals court ordered the liquidation of TV-6, the country’s last major independent TV channel.
    (SFC, 1/12/02, p.A2)

2003        Jan 11, In Illinois out-going Gov. Ryan commuted the sentences of 167 Death Row inmates one day after he freed 4 death row inmates. He called the death penalty process "arbitrary and capricious, and therefore immoral." The 4 death row inmates had all been convicted on evidence gathered by police Lt. Jon Burge. In 2008 Burge was arrested and charged with lying when he denied in 2003 that he and detectives under his command tortured murder suspects.
    (SFC, 1/11/03, p.A3)(SSFC, 1/12/03, p.A1)(AP, 1/11/08)(SFC, 10/22/08, p.A3)
2003        Jan 11, Afghan warlord Abdul Rashid Dostum released 50 members of the Taliban militia captured during fighting more than a year ago.
    (AP, 1/12/03)
2003        Jan 11, The death toll from Bangladesh's coldest winter in six years reached 489. A three-week cold spell in South Asia with near freezing temperatures aggravated by chilly winds raised the total death toll to 779.
    (AP, 1/11/03)
2003        Jan 11, In Brazil mudslides caused by torrential rains near Rio de Janeiro left 17 dead.   
    (AP, 1/12/03)
2003        Jan 11, In Chechnya 4 Russian servicemen were killed in clashes, while 4 soldiers died when their vehicles struck land mines.
    (AP, 1/12/03)
2003        Jan 11, In northern China an explosion ripped through a coal mine, leaving 34 people missing a day after a blast in a neighboring province killed 8 miners.
    (AP, 1/11/03)
2003        Jan 11, It was reported that former combatants from Liberia and Sierra Leone were pouring into Ivory Coast to fight with the rebels.
    (SFC, 1/11/03, p.A8)
2003        Jan 11, Japan's Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi, wrapping up a three-day visit to the Russian capital, called for the abolition of all nuclear weapons in an address at a leading atomic energy research center.
    (AP, 1/11/03)
2003        Jan 11, North Korea said it might end a self-imposed moratorium on missile testing and warned that it was ready to "mercilessly wipe out" other nations that infringe upon its sovereignty. North Korea withdrew from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
    (AP, 1/11/03)(SFC, 6/28/08, p.A3)
2003        Jan 11, Philippine army troops have occupied a southern mountain village in Sultan Kudarat province after driving away a large group of Moro Islamic separatists and a kidnap gang in fierce clashes that killed at least 20 rebels and allies.
    (AP, 1/12/03)
2003        Jan 11, Another Turkish prisoner died on a hunger strike, raising the death toll in the protest against Turkey's maximum security prisons to 64 people.
    (AP, 1/12/03)

2004        Jan 11, Former Treasury Sec. Paul O'Neill charged in a new book that Pres. Bush entered office in Jan. 2001 intent on invading Iraq and was in search of a way to go about it.  Former WSJ reporter Ron Suskind wrote "The Price of Loyalty," based on 7,630 journal entries provided by O'Neill.
    (AP, 1/11/04)(WSJ, 1/12/04, p.B1)(WSJ, 1/16/04, p.W6)
2004        Jan 11, Democrat Howard Dean defended his record on race in the last debate before the Iowa caucuses, as he was forced to acknowledge that no blacks or Hispanic had served in his cabinet during his 12 years as governor of Vermont.
    (AP, 1/11/05)
2004        Jan 11, In Iran the 12-member Guardian Council, which comprises conservatives picked by Iran's supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, disqualified about 900 of the 1,700 people who wanted to contest seats in Tehran have been disqualified. About 90 lawmakers began gathering in the lobby of the legislature for five hours daily in a sit-in demonstration after the Guardian Council barred the candidates from the Feb. 20 elections.
    (AP, 1/12/04)(AP, 1/14/04)
2004        Jan 11, U.S. paratroopers captured Khamis Sirhan al-Muhammad, a former regional Baath Party chairman and militia commander a former Baath Party official who was No. 54 on the list of 55 most-wanted figures from Saddam Hussein's regime.
    (AP, 1/14/04)
2004        Jan 11, Danish and Icelandic troops reported a cache of 36 shells buried in the Iraqi desert, and preliminary tests showed they contained a liquid blister agent. The 120mm mortar shells are thought to be left over from the eight-year war between Iraq and neighboring Iran, which ended in 1988.
    (AP, 1/11/04)

2005        Jan 11, Pres. Bush named Michael Chertoff, longtime prosecutor, to take over as head of Homeland Security.
    (WSJ, 1/12/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 11, LeapFrog Enterprises displayed a $99 digital pen that talks, corrects spelling and answers math problems. Sales were to begin in the Fall.
    (WSJ, 1/12/05, p.B1)
2005        Jan 11, Spencer Dryden (66), former drummer for the Jefferson Airplane (1967-1970), died in Petaluma, Ca. Dryden also played with the Grateful Dead (1971-1978), whose albums included “The Adventures of Panama Red" (1973).
    (SFC, 1/13/05, p.B6)
2005        Jan 11, James Griffin (61), founding member of 1970s pop group Bread, died in Franklin, Tenn.
    (AP, 1/11/06)
2005        Jan 11, At least eight people were killed in a wildfire that raced through southern Australia’s Eyre Peninsula, forcing terrified residents to leap into the sea to avoid the flames.
    (AP, 1/11/05)
2005        Jan 11, A strike by workers and a demonstration that drew hundreds of thousands of people paralyzed Santa Cruz as Bolivia's largest city joined an anti-government protest that has elicited a pledge from the president to resign if things turn violent. The protests forced the government to cancel water concessions to a foreign firm.
    (AP, 1/12/05)(WSJ, 1/12/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 11, Gunmen on a motorbike in northern Colombia killed Julio Hernando Palacios, a radio journalist known for his tough talk against corruption.
    (AP, 1/11/05)
2005        Jan 11, Costa Rica Pres. Abel Pacheco signed a decree of national emergency after 3 days of heavy rains forced nearly 13,000 people from their homes and killed at least one person. Panama reported 2 dead.
    (AP, 1/11/05)
2005        Jan 11, The EU and the US agreed to settle their dispute over subsidies to Airbus SA and Boeing Co. through bilateral talks rather than asking the WTO to resolve it.
    (AP, 1/11/05)
2005        Jan 11, Indonesia's military chief extended a new cease-fire offer to rebels in the tsunami-stricken Aceh province, and residents in Sri Lanka were told not to rebuild near the coast.
    (AP, 1/11/05)
2005        Jan 11, PM Allawi acknowledged that parts of Iraq will not be safe enough for people to vote on Jan 30. A roadside bomb that missed a passing U.S. military convoy killed 7 Iraqis and wounded one south of Baghdad. A suicide car bomb at police headquarters in Tikrit killed 6. Insurgent attacks across Iraq left 19 people dead.
    (AP, 1/11/05)(SFC, 1/12/05, p.A1)(SFC, 1/12/05, p.A10)
2005        Jan 11, Mudslides in Tijuana, Mexico, killed 3 children and damaged 140 homes.
    (SFC, 1/13/05, p.A3)
2005        Jan 11, Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip launched a barrage of homemade rockets and mortar rounds at Jewish towns and settlements, hours after newly elected Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas extended his hand in peace to Israel.
    (AP, 1/11/05)
2005        Jan 11, Russia's Federal Statistics Service said inflation was 11.7 per cent in 2004, slower than the 12 per cent rate for 2003 but still above government's target.
    (AP, 1/11/05)
2005        Jan 11, The Ukrainian parliament called for an immediate withdrawal of the nation's peacekeepers from Iraq. The vote was non-binding but reflected growing national dismay over the mission.
    (AP, 1/11/05)
2005        Jan 11, Fighting raged on in Sudan's western Darfur region where despite a peace accord ending a separate conflict in southern Sudan.
    (AP, 1/12/05)

2006        Jan 11, The US Interior Dept. agreed to open some 400,000 acres on Alaska’s North Slope for exploratory oil drilling.
    (SFC, 1/12/06, p.A6)
2006        Jan 11, Latin American and US scientists reported that as many as 112 species of frogs have disappeared since 1980. Some 65 amphibian species in Central and South America had also disappeared. Global warming was suspected.
    (SFC, 1/12/06, p.A7)
2006        Jan 11, The Asia Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate opened in Sidney. It brought together senior ministers from the US, Australia, Japan, China, South Korea and India, along with executives from energy and resource firms. The US and Australia insisted at the opening of a two-day climate change conference that industry leaders can be relied upon to voluntarily slash emissions blamed for heating the earth's atmosphere.
    (AP, 1/11/06)
2006        Jan 11, British PM Tony Blair said that Western countries were likely to seek economic sanctions against Iran after Tehran restarted its nuclear program, but a powerful cleric said it would not curtail its research.
    (AP, 1/11/06)
2006        Jan 11, Samir Ait Mohamed, an Algerian-born man accused of helping in the plot to bomb the Los Angeles airport on the millennium, was quietly deported from Canada to an unknown destination after years fighting for refugee status there.
    (AP, 1/13/06)(WSJ, 1/14/06, p.A1)
2006        Jan 11, New customs figures indicated that China's trade surplus surged to $101.9 billion in 2005, more than triple the $32 billion gap recorded the year before.
    (AP, 1/11/06)
2006        Jan 11, The WHO said 2 more people sickened by bird flu in China have died, bringing the total number of humans killed by the disease in the country to five.
    (AP, 1/11/06)   
2006        Jan 11, Congo officials said a new constitution for was approved by a landslide vote, paving the way for historic presidential and parliamentary elections in March.
    (AP, 1/11/06)
2006        Jan 11, Egypt released 164 Sudanese migrants who were detained last month when police evicted them from a city park in a violent operation that brought international condemnation.
    (AP, 1/12/06)
2006        Jan 11, In Egypt a tour bus carrying Australian tourists overturned on a wet highway, killing six people and injuring at least 24.
    (AP, 1/11/06)
2006        Jan 11, In Georgia a court convicted a man of trying to assassinate President Bush and the leader of Georgia during a rally last year, and it sentenced him to life in prison. Vladimir Arutyunian (27) also was convicted of killing a policeman during a shootout while authorities were trying to arrest him several weeks after the May 10, 2005, grenade incident.
    (AP, 1/11/06)
2006        Jan 11, In Haiti clashes between gangs and UN peacekeepers reportedly killed one person and wounded at least 17.
    (AP, 1/12/06)
2006        Jan 11, In Indonesia police arrested 12 suspects in the killings of 2 American teachers in a 2002 ambush. The suspects include Anthonius Wamang, who was indicted by a US grand jury in 2004 on two counts of murder, eight counts of attempted murder and other related offenses in connection with the slayings.
    (AP, 1/12/06)
2006        Jan 11, In Iraq US troops in Baghdad killed 6 insurgents, including 2 wearing explosive belts.
    (WSJ, 1/12/06, p.A1)
2006        Jan 11, Felipe Calderon, ruling-party presidential hopeful, registered his campaign with election officials, saying he understands the problems facing common Mexicans and will stem the flow of migrants who head north in search of higher-paying jobs.
    (AP, 1/12/06)
2006        Jan 11, The Mongolian People’s Revolution Party (MPRP) pulled out of the government, accusing the current leadership of failing to fight corruption and worsening poverty in the former communist country. The move would leave the government without the minimum number of seats required to stay in power.
    (AP, 1/12/06)
2006        Jan 11, In Nigeria gunmen stormed an offshore oil platform run Royal Dutch Shell and kidnapped four foreign oil workers. The Movement for the Emancipation of the Nigerian Delta (MEND) claimed responsibility. The four were freed nearly three weeks later.
    (Econ, 1/21/06, p.47)(AP, 1/11/07)
2006        Jan 11, The British weekly New Scientist said Norway is to build a "doomsday vault" in a mountain close to the North Pole that will house a vast seed bank to ensure food supplies in the event of catastrophic climate change, nuclear war or rising sea levels.
    (AFP, 1/11/06)
2006        Jan 11, Pakistani security forces killed 12 suspected militants in a gunfight following the deaths of 3 soldiers whose vehicle struck a land mine in the country's restive southwest.
    (AP, 1/11/06)
2006        Jan 11, In Russia a knife-wielding man (20) shouting "I will kill Jews!" attacked a synagogue in downtown Moscow, slashing and stabbing at 9 people before the son of a rabbi wrestled him to the ground. In September Alexander Koptsev was sentenced to 16 years in prison.
    (AP, 1/11/06)(Econ, 5/13/06, p.59)(AP, 9/15/06)
2006        Jan 11, Rebel sources said Sudanese troops had entered Hamesh Koreb, a town in eastern Sudan, and threatened to evict ex-southern rebels in a move that could threaten a landmark year-old peace deal.
    (AFP, 1/11/06)

2007        Jan 11, President Bush's plan to send more troops to Iraq ran into a wall of criticism on Capitol Hill as administration officials drew confrontational challenges from both Democrats and Republicans.
    (AP, 1/11/08)
2007        Jan 11, The US government said Canadian coins with tiny radio frequency transmitters hidden inside were found planted on US contractors with classified security clearances on at least three separate occasions between October 2005 and January 2006 as the contractors traveled through Canada.
    (AP, 1/11/07)
2007        Jan 11, A US federal judge ruled that the Vatican can be sued for damages by US victims of clerical sex abuse.
    (WSJ, 1/12/07, p.A1)
2007        Jan 11, The Pentagon said it has abandoned its limit on the time a citizen-soldier can be required to serve on active duty, a major change that reflects an Army stretched thin by longer-than-expected combat in Iraq.
    (AP, 1/12/07)
2007        Jan 11, Fourteen members of an advisory board to Jimmy Carter's human rights organization resigned to protest his new book, "Palestine: Peace Not Apartheid," which has been attacked as unfairly critical of Israel and riddled with inaccuracies.
    (AP, 1/11/07)
2007        Jan 11, NATO forces overnight fought two large groups of suspected Taliban militants crossing the border from Pakistan, and scores of insurgents were killed.
    (AP, 1/11/07)
2007        Jan 11, An Argentine judge ordered the arrest of the third wife of former political strongman Juan Domingo Peron, saying he has questions about her chaotic 20-month rule, a time when shadowy right-wing violence destabilized Argentina ahead of her political downfall. Isabel Peron has lived in exile in Spain since 1981.
    (AP, 1/12/07)
2007        Jan 11, Iajuddin Ahmed, the president of Bangladesh, declared a state of emergency following weeks of violent protests and threats by a political alliance to disrupt general elections. Gen. Masud Uddin Chowdhury led a coup and forced the president to cancel elections and declare a state of emergency. Dr. Fakhruddin Ahmed was sworn in as head of Interim government.
    (http://tinyurl.com/6zr23k)AP, 1/11/07)(Econ, 6/7/08, p.54)(Econ, 11/8/08, p.58)
2007        Jan 11, Protesters seeking the ouster of a Bolivian state governor for his opposition to leftist President Evo Morales battled with the governor's supporters in clashes that left two dead and more than 60 injured.
    (AP, 1/11/07)
2007        Jan 11, Brazilian prosecutors sought the extradition of two church leaders arrested in the United States on money smuggling charges.
    (AP, 1/11/07)
2007        Jan 11, The Bank of England (BoE) raised British interest rates by a quarter of a point to 5.25 percent to fight inflation.
    (AP, 1/11/07)
2007        Jan 11, China destroyed its Feng Yun 1-C, an aging weather satellite launched in 1999, with a ballistic missile 537 miles above the Earth. The impact created about 28% of the junk currently floating in space. The US halted such tests in 1985 for fear of creating debris deadly to spacecraft.
    (WSJ, 1/19/07, p.A1)(Econ, 1/27/07, p.38)(Econ, 1/19/08, p.26)
2007        Jan 11, Former Ethiopian dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam was sentenced to life imprisonment, ending his 12-year trial in absentia for genocide and other crimes committed during his iron-fisted rule (1974-1991). Mariam lived comfortably in exile in Zimbabwe, where Pres. Robert Mugabe has said he won't deport Mengistu if he refrains from political activity.
    (AP, 1/11/07)
2007        Jan 11, Indonesian police raided a house on Sulawesi Island where several alleged Islamic militants were staying, sparking a fierce gun and bomb battle that left one suspected terrorist dead.
    (AP, 1/11/07)
2007        Jan 11, In Iraq US-led multinational forces detained six Iranians at Tehran's diplomatic mission in the northern city of Irbil. A suicide truck bomber hit the house of the head of the municipal council in Samarra, killing three people and wounding 33. Gunmen killed a professor driving home from the University of Mosul. Suspected Sunni insurgents set fire to a large oil pipeline in northern Iraq, interrupting the flow from the Kirkuk oil fields.
    (AP, 1/11/07)
2007        Jan 11, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert ended a visit to China after talks with Chinese leaders on Iran's nuclear program and efforts to boost trade and economic ties.
    (AP, 1/11/07)
2007        Jan 11, The Nigerian military said it has recovered the body of an officer who was abducted last week in the country's southern oil producing region.
    (AFP, 1/11/07)
2007        Jan 11, Oil flowed again through the main pipeline from Russia to Europe after Moscow and Belarus agreed to settle a dispute that has hurt Russia's reputation as an energy supplier.
    (AP, 1/11/07)
2007        Jan 11, South Korean officials said that the bird flu virus had been transmitted to a human during a recent outbreak among poultry, but the person showed no symptoms of disease.
    (AP, 1/11/07)
2007        Jan 11, The UN Security Council said it backs the speedy deployment of African troops to Somalia and strongly urges a dialogue among all political players, in addition to the delivery of humanitarian aid to the country.
    (AP, 1/11/07)
2007        Jan 11, Vietnam became the 150th member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), a milestone expected to launch an era of radical change as the communist nation enters the global economic mainstream.
    (AP, 1/11/07)

2008        Jan 11, Bank of America said it will buy Countrywide Financial for $4.1 billion in stock, a deal that rescues the country's biggest mortgage lender and expands the financial services empire of the nation's largest consumer bank.
    (AP, 1/11/08)
2008        Jan 11, A historic passenger jet flight from Australia to Antarctica touched down smoothly on a blue ice runway, launching the only regular airlink between the continents.
    (AP, 1/11/08)
2008        Jan 11, Belgium, France and Poland pledged to provide the resources needed to launch a European Union peacekeeping force for Chad and the Central African Republic.
    (AP, 1/11/08)
2008        Jan 11, Liverpool launches its year as European Capital of Culture with events including a musical about its past and future starring ex-Beatle Ringo Starr.
    (AFP, 1/11/08)
2008        Jan 11, Canada confirmed it would hold a formal inquiry into why former PM Brian Mulroney accepted hundreds of thousands of dollars in cash from a business lobbyist.
    (Reuters, 1/11/08)
2008        Jan 11, The EU food-safety agency endorsed meat and milk derived from cloned animals.
    (WSJ, 1/12/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 11, In France militant French farmer Jose Bove and about 15 supporters called off their hunger strike in its eighth day after the government ordered the suspension of the use of genetically modified corn.
    (AP, 1/11/08)
2008        Jan 11, The World Bank uncovered serious incidents of fraud and corruption in about $750 million of health projects it has funded in India dating back to 1997.
    (WSJ, 1/14/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 11, In Iraq an influential Shiite leader called for Sunnis and secular parties to rejoin the government and help break months of deadlock. In Baghdad a car bomb exploded near a bakery killing 4 people.
    (SFC, 1/12/08, p.A6)
2008        Jan 11, President Bush had tears in his eyes during an hour-long tour of Israel's Holocaust memorial and told Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice that the US should have bombed Auschwitz to halt the killing. Bush wrapped up his 3-day visit to Israel and departed for Kuwait, where he sought Arab support for the US-backed Mideast peace deal.
    (AP, 1/11/08)
2008        Jan 11, Japan's parliament cleared the way for its navy to return to the Indian Ocean on a US-backed anti-terror mission, after stiff lobbying from Washington in support of the measure.
    (AP, 1/11/08)
2008        Jan 11, In Kazakhstan a methane gas explosion ripped through a coal mine, owned by ArcelorMittal, the world's largest steelmaker, killing at least 30 miners.
    (AP, 1/11/08)(AFP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 11, In central Mexico a helicopter carrying volunteers on a mission to distribute toys to needy children crashed, killing eight people, including a government official.
    (AP, 1/12/08)
2008        Jan 11, In Nigeria MEND, the prominent militant group in the oil-rich Niger Delta, said it planted an explosive device that set a tanker on fire in Port Harcourt.
    (AFP, 1/11/08)

2009        Jan 11, At the Golden Globe awards, "Slumdog Millionaire" emerged as the potential film to beat at the Academy Awards, an unexpected position for a movie with a cast of unknowns and a story set among orphans and criminals on the streets of Mumbai. The late Heath Ledger won a best supporting actor Golden Globe for “The Dark Knight."
    (AP, 1/12/09)(WSJ, 1/12/09, p.A1)
2009        Jan 11, A US federal rule took effect allowing visitors to carry a loaded gun into a park or wildlife refuge as long as the person had a permit for a concealed weapon and the state where the park or refuge was located allowed concealed firearms. Previously, guns in parks had been severely restricted. The Bush administration had issued the gun rule in December in response to letters from half the Senate asking officials to lift the restrictions on guns in parks that were adopted by the Reagan administration in the early 1980s. On March 19 a US district Judge blocked the rule.
    (SFC, 3/20/09, p.A8)
2009        Jan 11, South Korea’s Hyundai Genesis was named North American Car of the Year and the Ford F-150 as the 2009 North American Truck of the Year. The awards were first given in 1994. This was the first time a Korean automaker has won.
    (Econ, 3/7/09, p.71)(www.northamericancaroftheyear.org/)
2009        Jan 11, Marcus Schrenker's plane went down en route to Destin, Fla., from Anderson, Ind. Schrenker (38), an Indiana investment manager, had reported that the windshield imploded and that he was bleeding profusely. Federal marshals believe he faked a distress call before parachuting from his plane over Alabama and disappearing on a motorcycle he had stashed in advance. US Marshals apprehended Schrenker on Jan 13 at a northern Florida campground. Officers had to tend to Schrenker's self-inflicted gash to the wrist before he was airlifted to Tallahassee Memorial Hospital. In August Schrenker pleaded guilty was sentenced in Florida to 4 years and 3 months in federal prison.
    (AP, 1/13/09)(AP, 1/14/09)(SFC, 8/20/09, p.A4)
2009        Jan 11, Australia's Defense Ministry said its special forces in Afghanistan had killed Taliban commander Mullah Abdul Rasheed, who had been involved in recruiting suicide bombers and foreign fighters in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 1/11/09)
2009        Jan 11, In Indonesia scores of people were feared dead after a ferry carrying more than 260 passengers and crew sank in stormy seas off Sulawesi island.
    (AP, 1/11/09)
2009        Jan 11, In Iraq US soldier Pfc. Sean McCune died of a non-combat related injury near Samarra north of Baghdad. Sgt. Miguel A. Vegaquinones later pleaded guilty to involuntary manslaughter in the accidental shooting death of McCune. Vegaquinones was sentenced in July to three years in jail for the shooting. A US Marine died in a non-combat related incident west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/12/09)(SFC, 1/12/09, p.A3)
2009        Jan 11, Israeli troops made their deepest advance into the Gaza Strip's most heavily populated area, encountering increasingly fierce resistance from Islamic Hamas fighters as they warned civilians to stay clear of the battle zone. Human Rights Watch said that Israel's military has fired artillery shells with the incendiary agent white phosphorus into Gaza and a doctor there said the chemical was suspected in the case of 10 burn victims who had skin peeling off their faces and bodies.
    (AP, 1/11/09)
2009        Jan 11, In northwestern Pakistan security forces repulsed an attack by 600 fighters, most of whom had crossed the border from Afghanistan, leaving at least 40 militants and 6 soldiers dead and scores of others wounded.
    (AP, 1/11/09)(SFC, 1/12/09, p.A8)
2009        Jan 11, An estimated 2,500 Lebanese and Palestinians protested peacefully in downtown Beirut against Israel's offensive in the Gaza Strip, as hundreds of demonstrators in neighboring Syria shouted insults at the both the Jewish state and Arab leaders.
    (AP, 1/11/09)
2009        Jan 11, Two Nigerian soldiers were killed and one wounded in an attack by unidentified gunmen in the restive oil-rich Niger Delta. Police said the attack might be connected with the police seizure of a vessel, the Sandra Valleta, which was carrying stolen crude oil.
    (AFP, 1/12/09)
2009        Jan 11,  Arne Naess (b.1912), Norwegian philosopher, writer and mountaineer, died. He was best known for launching the concept of "deep ecology," promoting the idea that Earth as a planet has as much right as its inhabitants, such as humans, to survive and flourish.
    (AP, 1/13/09)
2009        Jan 11, Russia, Ukraine, and the EU struck an agreement to try to resume Russian supplies through Ukraine to Europe. President Dmitry Medvedev said energy giant Gazprom would only resume gas supplies once Russia had a copy of the document signed by Ukraine and once the various teams of international observers were in place. The text of the accord calls for the EU, Russia and Ukraine to each provide 25 experts to "carry out checks on the basis of equal parity both on Ukrainian and Russian territory.
    (Reuters, 1/11/09)(AFP, 1/11/09)
2009        Jan 11, Slovakia reopened a nuclear power plant it was forced to shut down as part of its bid to join the European Union, prompting condemnation from neighboring Austria, which described the reactor at Bohunice as unsafe.
    (AP, 1/11/09)
2009        Jan 11, In central Somalia clashes between Islamist militias killed at least 29 people and wounded more than 50 others. It was the latest sign of divisions within an Islamist insurgency the US government says has links to al-Qaida.
    (AP, 1/11/09)
2009        Jan 11, New Thai PM Abhisit Vejjajiva's government won the most seats in by-elections, strengthening his shaky coalition in its first test at the polls.
    (AP, 1/11/09)
2009        Jan 11, A Turkish court formally arrested 12 more people for ties to an alleged secularist plot by ultranationalists to bring down the Islamic-rooted government, bringing the total of people implicated in the case to more than 100.
    (AP, 1/11/09)

2010        Jan 11, Fox News announced that Sarah Palin, former Alaska governor and 2008 vice presidential candidate, would become a regular commentator on its cable channel.
    (SFC, 1/12/10, p.A4)
2010        Jan 11, Mark McGwire ended more than a decade of denials and evasion admitting that steroids and human growth hormone helped make him a home run king. His record of 70 home runs in 1998 was surpassed by Barry Bonds' 73 homers in 2001, the year of McGwire's retirement and the apex of the Steroids Era. McGwire said he first used steroids between the 1989 and 1990 seasons, after helping the Oakland Athletics to a World Series sweep when he and Jose Canseco formed the Bash Brothers. He returned to steroids after the 1993 season, when he missed all but 27 games with a mysterious heel injury, after being told steroids might speed his recovery.
    (AP, 1/12/10)
2010        Jan 11, In Afghanistan 6 NATO service members, including 3 Americans, were killed, making it the deadliest day for the international force in more than two months. The Americans died in a firefight with militants during an "operational patrol" in southern Afghanistan. A French officer was killed during a joint patrol with Afghan troops in Alasay, some 50 miles (80 km) northeast of Kabul. A French service member was killed in the clash. A 6th NATO service member was killed by a roadside bomb in the south. A new poll was released that said nearly 7 in 10 Afghans support the presence of US forces in their country, and 61% favor the military buildup of 37,000 US and NATO reinforcements now deploying. A missile fired from an unmanned aircraft killed three insurgents farther south in the Nad Ali district of Helmand. A member of the Afghan National Police was killed and two others were wounded in a suicide at a police station in Uruzgan province. 13 insurgents were killed in the early hours when the Marines called in a Hellfire missile strike from an unmanned Predator drone into Bar Now Zad.
    (AP, 1/11/10)(AP, 1/12/10)(Reuters, 1/12/10)
2010        Jan 11, Algeria's foreign ministry said it had summoned the US ambassador to "strongly protest" the North African country's placing on a 14-nation terror watch list drawn up by the Obama administration.
    (AFP, 1/11/10)
2010        Jan 11, Angola said it had arrested two people suspected of taking part in an attack on a bus carrying the Togo national soccer team to the African Nations Cup in which two delegation members were killed.
    (Reuters, 1/11/10)
2010        Jan 11, Riversdale, an Australian mining firm, said the Mozambican government has given it the green light to build a 800-million-dollar coal mine in the country's northwest. Riversdale has predicted that the Benga project will produce some of the lowest-cost coking coal in the world.
    (AFP, 1/11/10)
2010        Jan 11, In Britain former Gurkha soldiers from Nepal lost a test case against Ministry of Defence over pension rights at the High Court in London.
    (AFP, 1/11/10)
2010        Jan 11, Chile inaugurated the Museum of Memory in Santiago to make sure the tens of thousands of people who were imprisoned, killed or disappeared during Gen. Augusto Pinochet's dictatorship are not forgotten.
    (AP, 1/12/10)(Econ, 9/13/14, p.43)
2010        Jan 11, China's top prosecutorial office said thousands of Chinese officials have fled overseas with as much as $50 billion in their pockets in stolen government funds during the country's economic boom over the past three decades. Zhao Shiying, the secretary-general of the Independent Chinese PEN Center, was taken into custody by authorities from his home in southern Shenzhen. He was released on Jan 25.
    (AP, 1/11/10)(AP, 1/25/10)
2010        Jan 11, China’s state media reported that more than 24 million Chinese men of marrying age could find themselves without spouses in 2020, citing a study that blamed sex-specific abortions as a major factor. A study by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences warned the imbalance will dash many young men's chance at marriage and lead to increased crime.
    (AFP, 1/11/10)(AP, 1/12/10)
2010        Jan 11, China's military, according to state media, successfully tested a ground-based system for intercepting missiles in mid-flight.
    (AP, 1/11/10)
2010        Jan 11, In Cyprus Andy Hadjicostis (41), the director of the Dias publishing group, was fatally shot outside his home in central Nicosia, in an attack that bore the hallmarks of a contract killing. The gunman fled on a motorcycle driven by an accomplice. 3 men were soon arrested and held pending formal charges. On Feb 5 Cyprus police formally pressed murder charges against TV host Elena Skordelli, her brother Anastasios Krasopoullis and Andreas Grigoriou in the suspected Jan 11 contract killing of Andy Hadjicostis (41), the island's most powerful publisher.
    (AP, 1/12/10)(AP, 1/15/10)(AP, 2/5/10)
2010        Jan 11, In Ecuador Quito Mayor Augusto Barrera said his government will impose new driving restrictions to keep 80,000 private cars off the capital’s congested streets during rush hour.
    (AP, 1/11/10)
2010        Jan 11, Indian PM Manmohan Singh laid out ambitious plans to make his country a global leader in solar power as he launched a government initiative to boost use of the technology. Andy Pag (35) was detained in the western state of Rajasthan for having an unlicensed satellite phone. He (Andrea Pagnacco) was ordered held for 14 days while police investigate whether he is a threat to national security. The London-based environmental campaigner was traveling around the world in a biofuel-driven bus. In March ordered to pay a fine for illegally using a satellite phone and became free to leave India 69 days after his arrest.
    (AFP, 1/11/10)(AP, 1/17/10)(AP, 3/21/10)
2010        Jan 11, In Iraq a bomb attached to a pickup truck in an Iraqi Shiite lawmaker's convoy wounded five people, including three of his bodyguards, when it exploded in Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/11/10)
2010        Jan 11, Israel's parliament adopted legislation that bans the state from paying for the funeral of any citizen who commits terror attacks against the Jewish state.
    (AFP, 1/12/10)
2010        Jan 11, Dutch brewer Heineken said it will buy the beer-making operations of Mexico’s Femsa, the maker of Dos Equis and Sol beers, in an all-share deal valued at $5.5 billion, excluding debt.
    (SFC, 1/12/10, p.D3)
2010        Jan 11, Northern Ireland's speaker of the regional assembly said Protestant leader Peter Robinson will temporarily step down for 6 weeks in the wake of a scandal over his wife's affair with a 19-year-old man. He will be replaced by his Protestant colleague Arlene Foster.
    (AP, 1/11/10)
2010        Jan 11, North Korea called for talks on a treaty to formally end the Korean War, saying it wants better ties with the United States and an end to sanctions before pushing ahead with nuclear disarmament.
    (AFP, 1/11/10)
2010        Jan 11, Pakistani police in Karachi arrested a couple on charges of stabbing their 3-month-old baby to death. A witch doctor had advised them to kill the girl after telling them it would make them rich.
    (AP, 1/11/10)
2010        Jan 11, Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir retired as commander-in-chief of the army, in what sources said was a procedural move before the first multi-party elections in 24 years.
    (Reuters, 1/11/10)

2011        Jan 11, California’s Gov. jerry Brown issued his first executive order ordering state agency and department heads to collect half of some 96,000 state-issued cell phones used by public employees.
    (SFC, 1/12/11, p.A6)
2011        Jan 11, A Los Angeles judge stripped Dr. Conrad Murray of his medical license after ruling that prosecutors have sufficient evidence to try him for manslaughter in the 2009 death of Michael Jackson.
    (SFC, 1/12/11, p.A4)
2011        Jan 11, In southern California sheriff’s deputy trainee Mohamed Ahmed (27), a Somali immigrant, was shot in the face. The gunman, a Lott Stoner gang member Nestor Torres (37), was shot and killed by a 2nd deputy.
    (SFC, 1/13/11, p.C5)
2011        Jan 11, David Nelson (74), who starred on his parents' popular television show "The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet," died. The show originated on radio in 1952 as "Here Come the Nelsons," then ran for 320 episodes on TV from 1952 to 1966 as "The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet" with some of the story lines taken from the stars' own lives. His film credits included "Peyton Place," “The Remarkable Mr. Pennypacker," “The Big Circus," “Day of the Outlaw," “30," “The Big Show," “Love and Kisses" and "Swing Out, Sweet Land." In 1976, he costarred with his mother in "Smash-Up on Interstate 5."
    (AP, 1/12/11)
2011        Jan 11, An Afghan government delegation said a major coalition military operation under way in Kandahar has caused about 100 million dollars worth of damage to property. Operation Omaid, which started in April, was aimed to root out the Taliban in Kandahar.
    (AFP, 1/11/11)
2011        Jan 11, It was reported that the earliest known winery, dating back some 6,000 years, has been discovered in Armenia.
    (SFC, 1/11/11, p.A2)
2011        Jan 11, In Australia thousands of people fled central Brisbane as the panicked city braced for its worst flooding in 120 years. Terrifying flash floods already left 10 dead and 78 missing nearby.
    (AFP, 1/11/11)
2011        Jan 11, Brazilian authorities said heavy rains have triggered mudslides and floods in southeastern Brazil, killing at least 13 people. Sao Paulo nearly came to halt as flooding blocked traffic in some of the city's main thoroughfares.
    (AP, 1/11/11)
2011        Jan 11, British lawmaker Eric Illsley (55) admitted dishonestly claiming more than 14,000 pounds (16,800 euros, 21,800 dollars) in expenses, becoming the first sitting MP to face jail over parliamentary allowances. Illsley confirmed the next day that he planned to stand down within the next month.
    (AFP, 1/11/11)(AP, 1/12/11)
2011        Jan 11, China's radar-eluding stealth fighter, the J-20, made its first-known test flight, marking dramatic progress in the country's efforts to develop cutting-edge military technologies.
    (AP, 1/11/11)(Econ, 1/15/11, p.43)
2011        Jan 11, In China a mammoth 31-foot sculpture of the ancient philosopher Confucius was unveiled off one side of Tiananmen Square. Three months later the statue was removed.
    (http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/china/2011-01/12/c_13687988.htm)(Econ, 12/17/11, p.72)
2011        Jan 11, Costa Rica accused Nicaragua of flagrantly breaching international law by putting troops on disputed land along the river that forms the two nations' border and asked the highest U.N. court to order their immediate withdrawal.
    (AP, 1/11/11)
2011        Jan 11, In Egypt an off-duty Muslim police officer, Amer Ashour Abdel Zaher, opened fire on a train, killing one Christian (71) and wounding 5 others. Zaher was arrested after he fled the scene.
    (SFC, 1/12/11, p.A2)
2011        Jan 11, German authorities ordered 140 pigs slaughtered after tests showed high levels of cancer-causing dioxin in swine at a farm near Verden that purchased tainted animal feed.
    (SFC, 1/12/11, p.A2)
2011        Jan 11, Iran said it has arrested 10 people linked to Mossad in what it calls a "severe blow" to the Israeli spy agency.
    (AFP, 1/11/11)
2011        Jan 11, An Israeli military court extended the jail term of Palestinian activist Abdullah Abu Rahma by 16 months. Rahma has already served over a year in prison for organizing protests against Israel's security barrier.
    (AP, 1/11/11)
2011        Jan 11, Japan said it plans to buy at least a fifth of the initial installment of the bonds being sold to finance Europe's bailout fund, which is aimed at rescuing Ireland.
    (AP, 1/11/11)
2011        Jan 11, Laos opened its first stock exchange.
    (Econ, 1/15/11, p.46)
2011        Jan 11, The Palestinian Hamas movement in Gaza urged militants to halt their attacks, saying that continued violence would only invite Israeli reprisals. An Israeli airstrike killed a person riding a motorcycle in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 1/11/11)
2011        Jan 11, Portugal insisted it doesn't need a bailout and criticized its European partners for not doing enough to shield the euro from a debt crisis that has already forced Greece and Ireland to seek outside help.
    (AP, 1/11/11)
2011        Jan 11, Police in Spain and France arrested two suspected members of ETA, suggesting the government in Madrid will keep up pressure on the violent Basque separatist group despite the latter's declaration of a permanent cease-fire.
    (AP, 1/11/11)
2011        Jan 11, Thailand's government approved a package of social welfare measures slammed by critics as populist handouts designed to woo voters in a key election year.
    (AP, 1/11/11)

2012        Jan 11, Some 50 people were being arrested at various locations including Puerto Rico and the Dominican Rep., with most of them in the mainland US in a document fraud case.
    (AP, 1/11/12)
2012        Jan 11, Univ. of Connecticut officials said researcher Dipak Das, known for his work on red wine’s benefits to cardiovascular health, falsified his data in more than 100 instances.
    (SFC, 1/12/12, p.A14)
2012        Jan 11, Chicago gang leader Augustin Zambrano was sentenced to 60 years in federal prison.
    (SFC, 1/12/12, p.A6)
2012        Jan 11, Mark Deli Siljander (60), a former Michigan congressman (1981-1987, was sentenced to a year and one day in prison in Kansas City, Mo., for lobbying for the Islamic American Relief Agency, an charity identified as a global terrorist organization.
    (SFC, 1/12/12, p.A6)
2012        Jan 11, A Mississippi judge temporarily blocked the release of 21 inmates who had been given pardons or medical release by Gov. Barbour.
    (SFC, 1/12/12, p.A6)
2012        Jan 11, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber slipped inside police headquarters in Kandahar, detonating his cache of explosives and wounding one officer.
    (AP, 1/11/12)
2012        Jan 11, Alexis Sinduhije, the head of Burundi’s opposition Movement for Solidarity and Development, a former journalist, was arrested in Tanzania upon his arrival there from Uganda. On Jan 21 Burundi admitted that it had asked for the exiled Burundian opposition leader to be arrested in Tanzania and extradited to face murder charges.
    (AFP, 1/21/12)
2012        Jan 11, In England the body of Oxford Professor Steven Rawlings (50) was found at the home of his friend Dr Devinder Sivia (49) after a neighbor called police to report an incident. Sivia, a maths lecturer, was arrested on suspicion of murder.
    (Reuters, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 11, In Birmingham, England, Avtar and Carole Kolar were found dead at their home in Handsworth Wood having suffered blunt force trauma to the head in an apparent bungled burglary. On Jan 16 Rimvydas Liorancas (37) from Lithuania was arrested for the murders. On Jan 28 Liorancas was found hanged at Woodhill prison in Milton Keynes.
    (AFP, 1/31/12)
2012        Jan 11, It was announced that China and India are signing on as partners in the Thirty Meter Telescope when it’s built on the summit of Hawaii’s Mauna Kea volcano in 2018.
    (SFC, 1/12/12, p.A6)
2012        Jan 11, Cuba and Iran highlighted the "right of all nations to the peaceful use of nuclear energy" during a visit by Iranian Pres. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to the communist-ruled island. Ahmadinejad slammed capitalism as bankrupt and called for a new world order.
    (AFP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 11, The Czech government agreed to pay billions of dollars in compensation for church property seized by the former totalitarian regime. The plan will be spread over 30 years.
    (AP, 1/11/12)
2012        Jan 11, Egypt called off an annual Jewish festival in the Nile Delta, which draws Israeli pilgrims every year to the tomb of holy man Abu Hassira (Abi Hasira, aka Yaakov Abuhatzeira), a renowned religious figure from Morocco, who fell ill and died in Damanhur, Egypt, in 1880.
    (AFP, 1/11/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Damanhur)
2012        Jan 11, Clashes between Egyptian troops and Bedouin in the Suez district east of Cairo killed three people as military police tried to evict the Bedouin from state-owned land.
    (AFP, 1/11/12)
2012        Jan 11, In Germany a 54-year-old defendant shot and killed a prosecutor (31) during his trial in the Munich area. The alleged shooter, a resident of Dachau, was on trial over claims he paid his employees improper wages.
    (AP, 1/11/12)
2012        Jan 11, Honduran officials said men armed with AJK-47 rifles and machetes killed 4 adults and 4 children in the Aguan River Valley, an area torn apart by a land dispute between palm plantation workers and landowners.
    (SFC, 1/12/12, p.A2)
2012        Jan 11, India's Tribal Affairs Minister V. Kishore Chandra Deo said an investigation had been ordered as rights campaigners and politicians condemned a video showing women from a protected and primitive tribe dancing for tourists reportedly in exchange for food on India's Andaman Islands.
    (AFP, 1/11/12)
2012        Jan 11, In Iran 2 assailants on a motorcycle attached a magnetic bomb to the car of Mostafa Ahmadi Roshan, a university professor working at the Natanz nuclear facility, killing him and his driver. Defiant Iranian authorities pointed the finger at archfoe Israel.
    (AP, 1/11/12)
2012        Jan 11, In Iraq gunmen ambushed a police station and killed three officers in a former insurgent stronghold outside a police post in Qaim near the Syrian border.
    (AP, 1/11/12)
2012        Jan 11, Israel's Supreme Court upheld a controversial law that bans most Palestinians who marry Israelis from living inside the Jewish state.
    (AP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 11, Ivory Coast's former economy minister Paul-Antoine Bohoun Bouabre (54) died in Israel. He was linked to the 2004 disappearance of Guy-Andre Kieffer, a well known French-Canadian journalist.
    (AP, 1/11/12)
2012        Jan 11, In Kenya alleged Somali Islamist gunmen killed six Kenyans including four policemen and abducted three others, in the northeastern region bordering Somalia.
    (AFP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 11, In Mexico City 2 decapitated bodies were found inside a burning SUV at the entrance to Centro Santa Fe mall, one of Mexico's most luxurious malls. The victims, a 19-year-old secretary in a state-owned educational radio station and her 28-year-old boyfriend who sold household appliances, were kidnapped a day earlier. The Attorney General's Office said nationwide, 47,515 drug-related killings occurred from Dec 2006, when President Felipe Calderon deployed thousands of troops to drug hot spots, through Sep 2011.
    (AP, 1/11/12)(AP, 1/16/12)
2012        Jan 11, Mexican forces captured Luis Jesus Sarabia, an alleged leader of the Zetas drug gang in three northern Mexican states. Sarabia was suspected in the killing of US immigration agent Jaime Zapata last year.
    (AP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 11, Namibia's competition commission said it has cleared a Chinese nuclear company to take over an Australian mining firm with rights to the world's fourth-largest uranium deposit.
    (AFP, 1/11/12)
2012        Jan 11, In Nigeria tens of thousands defied an order to end a three-day-old strike as unions threatened to halt output in Africa's top crude producer and a mob rampage left a police officer dead. Boko Haram gunmen attacked a bus in Yobe state carrying Christian Igbo traders on the outskirts of the city of Potiskum, killing four people. Two police officers were killed when a mob rampaged in the central city of Minna. A police station in the northeastern city of Yola was attacked by unknown gunmen, killing one officer.
    (AFP, 1/11/12)(AP, 1/11/12)(AP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 11, Pakistan's army warned of "grievous consequences" for the country over criticism by the prime minister that has escalated tensions between the powerful military and the government. PM Yousuf Reza Gilani immediately fired the defense secretary in a dispute over a memo sent to Washington that has enraged the army, escalating a crisis pitting the civilian government against the powerful military leadership.
    (AFP, 1/11/12)(SFC, 1/12/12, p.A2)
2012        Jan 11, A Hamas official in Gaza said the militant group has sentenced a local Palestinian to death for collaborating with Israel. 3 cars were torched and graffiti was sprayed on a mosque in the northern West Bank, in the latest apparent "price tag" attack.
    (AP, 1/11/12)(AFP, 1/11/12)
2012        Jan 11, In Peru Joran van der Sloot (24) pleaded guilty to the 2010 murder of a Peruvian woman he met at a Lima casino who was killed five years to the day after the unsolved disappearance in Aruba of an American teen in which he remains the main suspect. On Jan 13 he was sentenced to 28 years in prison. Due to time already served, his sentence would end in June 2038.
    (AP, 1/11/12)(AP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 11, In South Africa 2 suspected rhino poachers were shot dead by rangers in Kruger National Park, a day after eight dehorned carcasses were found there.
    (AFP, 1/11/12)
2012        Jan 11, In Syria French journalist Gilles Jacquier was killed and another wounded during a grenade barrage in Homs. President Assad joined thousands of his supporters in a rare public appearance, telling a pro-regime rally in the capital that the "conspiracy" against his country will fail.
    (AP, 1/11/12)(AP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 11, A local official in the Tunisian city of Sfax said a middle-aged woman has died after setting herself on fire, the fourth Tunisian case of self-immolation in the last week. The woman reportedly had a history of mental illness.
    (AP, 1/11/12)
2012        Jan 11, In Zimbabwe 3 suspects appeared in court in Harare accused of murder and of possessing rhino horn worth $120,000 found in a vehicle still registered to Sessel Zvidzai, deputy local government minister in the former opposition party. The next day Zvidzai expressed surprise and said that he sold the truck two years ago.
    (AP, 1/12/12)

2013        Jan 11, Pres. Barack Obama and Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai met in Washington to discuss bringing down the curtain in the long Afghan war.
    (AP, 1/12/13)
2013        Jan 11, A US federal judge barred California from enforcing a voter-approved law that requires 73,000 registered sex offenders to disclose their internet identities to police.
    (SFC, 1/12/13, p.C1)
2013        Jan 11, Aaron Schwartz (26), computer programmer, was found dead in his NY apartment. At age 14 he helped create RSS (RDF Site Summary), a web feed format used to publish frequently updated works. He also co-founded Reddit, a social news website which was sold in 2006 to Conde Nast.
    (SSFC, 1/13/13, p.A6)(SFC, 1/14/13, p.A5)(Econ, 1/19/13, p.94)
2013        Jan 11, In Argentina the Buenos Aires federal court ratified charges previously filed against former transportation secretaries Juan Pablo Schiavi and Ricardo Jaime in connection with a crash that killed 51 people on Feb 22, 2012.
    (AP, 1/11/13)
2013        Jan 11, In Bahrain a fire killed 13 people in a migrant labor camp in Manama.
    (AP, 1/12/13)
2013        Jan 11, Bolivia became the first country to negotiate a partial opt out from the 1961 UN Single Convention on Narcotics Drugs.
    (Econ, 2/23/13, p.59)
2013        Jan 11, British police released a report saying the late entertainer Jimmy Savile committed more than 200 sex crimes from 1955-2009, with most victims children and teens assaulted the length and breadth of Britain, from TV studios to hospitals and even a hospice.
    (AP, 1/11/13)
2013        Jan 11, Central African Republic President Francois Bozize and the rebels who sought to overthrow him reached a deal that will allow him to stay in office until his term ends in 2016.
    (AP, 1/11/13)
2013        Jan 11, In China a landslide smothered 14 homes in Zhaojiagou village, Yunnan province. At least 46 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 1/13/13, p.A2)
2013        Jan 11, In Egypt Islamist militants attacked a police patrol along a pipeline in the Sinai Peninsula that transports natural gas to Jordan, wounding seven policemen.
    (AP, 1/11/13)
2013        Jan 11, In Iraq a dozen prisoners, including al-Qaida-linked death row inmates, escaped from the Taji prison near Baghdad. Thousands of mostly Sunni protesters rallied in the capital and other parts of the country, keeping pressure on the government for the release of detainees and changes to a tough counterterrorism law that Sunnis believe unfairly targets their sect.
    (AP, 1/11/13)
2013        Jan 11, In Mali radical Islamists held on to the central city of Konna after sending the Malian military reeling in retreat. French President Francois Hollande ordered air strikes to stop the Islamist extremists. This was the start of Operation Serval. French airstrikes began over Konna leaving civilian casualties.
    (AP, 1/11/13)(AP, 1/26/13)(Econ, 1/19/13, p.53)
2013        Jan 11, Police in Northern Ireland fired plastic bullets and water cannon at rioters who wounded four officers with missiles and petrol bombs in the latest outbreak of anger at the removal of the British flag from Belfast City Hall.
    (AP, 1/11/13)
2013        Jan 11, In the Philippines a fire swept through the Dryden Hotel, a small two-story tourist hotel in Olongapo city, killing 7 people, including 3 Americans, 3 Filipinos and a South Korean.
    (AP, 1/11/13)
2013        Jan 11, Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah issued two royal decrees granting women 30 seats on the Shura Council, which has 150 members plus a president. The council reviews laws and questions ministers, but doesn't have legislative powers.
    (AP, 1/11/13)
2013        Jan 11, In Slovenia some 10,000 protesters urged PM Janez Jansa and opposition leader Zoran Jankovic to resign after an official report accused them of graft.
    (SFC, 1/12/13, p.A2)
2013        Jan 11, Spanish police said they have arrested two people and seized equipment they say was due to be shipped to Iran for use in Tehran's nuclear program.
    (AP, 1/11/13)
2013        Jan 11, Sri Lanka's Parliament voted 155-49 to impeach Chief Justice Shirani Bandaranayake, deepening a standoff between the judiciary and the government, which is controlled by the country's most powerful family. Last month a parliamentary committee ruled that she had unexplained wealth and had misused her power.
    (AP, 1/11/13)
2013        Jan 11, In Syria Islamic militants seeking to topple Pres. Bashar Assad took full control of the strategic Taftanaz air base in a significant blow to government forces, seizing helicopters, tanks and multiple rocket launchers. Government warplanes bombed the air base after the rebel takeover.
    (AP, 1/11/13)
2013        Jan 11, Zimbabwe's largest platinum mining company, Ziomplats, said it has signed a deal to sell off its majority shareholding to the government as part of the country's black empowerment laws.
    (AP, 1/11/13)
2013        Jan 11, In Zimbabwe Professor Gordon Chavunduka (82), the leader of the organization of tribal healers, died. The eminent academic, author, sociologist and politician, a former head of the main Zimbabwe University, was widely known for his research and writing that did much to bridge the gap between Western medical practices and Africa's traditional, tribal and herbalist healers.
    (AP, 1/12/13)

2014        Jan 11, Luxury merchant Nieman Marcus confirmed that thieves stole some of its customers’ payment card information and made unauthorized charges over the holidays.
    (SSFC, 1/12/14, p.A11)
2014        Jan 11, Sean Penn’s 3rd annual Help Haiti Home benefit in Beverly Hills raised nearly $6 million.
    (SFC, 1/13/14, p.A4)
2014        Jan 11, In Argentina police used rubber bullets and tear gas to disperse some 3,000 rowdy youths participating in a “rolenzinho," a social network conmvened gathering, at the Shopping metro Itaquera in eastern Sao Paulo.
    (Econ, 1/25/14, p.30)
2014        Jan 11, In Australia US stage hypnotist Scott Lewis plunged to his death from the balcony of a Sydney apartment. Lewis was in Sydney performing his hypnosis act along with six other performers in the show "The illusionists 2.0," which opened at the Sydney Opera House last week.
    (AP, 1/11/14)
2014        Jan 11, In Austria two men died after a hand grenade apparently exploded in their Bulgarian-registered car in Vienna.
    (AP, 1/11/14)
2014        Jan 11, In CAR deadly violence including reports of cannibalism and widespread looting erupted in Bangui after the resignation of its ex-rebel president, The International Organisation for Migration began an airlift of thousands of foreigners out of the strife-torn country following appeals from neighboring countries. Former president Michel Djotodia traveled to Benin where he will go into exile.
    (AFP, 1/11/14)(Reuters, 1/11/14)
2014        Jan 11, In southwest China a fire raged for nearly 10 hours and razed an ancient Tibetan town popular with tourists, burning down hundreds of buildings as fire engines were unable to get onto the narrow streets of Dukezon, part of scenic Shangri-La county in Deqen prefecture.
    (AP, 1/11/14)
2014        Jan 11, In CongoDRC 4 people were killed and two seriously injured in a clash between Virunga national park rangers and suspected Rwandan FDLR rebels.
    (AFP, 1/12/14)
2014        Jan 11, In Greece two Golden Dawn lawmakers were placed in pre-trial detention late in Athens in an ongoing crackdown against the far right group.
    (AFP, 1/11/14)
2014        Jan 11, Inflation in Iran was reportedly running at 36%.
    (Econ, 1/11/14, p.42)
2014        Jan 11, Ariel Sharon (b.1928), former Israeli prime minister (2001-2006), died in a hospital near Tel Aviv eight years after a debilitating stroke put him into a coma.
    (AFP, 1/11/14)
2014        Jan 11, Thousands of Kurdish demonstrators from around Europe marched in Paris to call for a speedier investigation into the murder of three Kurdish activists a year ago.
    (Reuters, 1/11/14)
2014        Jan 11, In Libya fighting broke out in the southern town of Sebha and nearby Murzuq and Al-Shati pitting gunmen from the Arab Awled Sleiman tribe against tribesmen from the Toubou minority.
    (AFP, 1/12/14)
2014        Jan 11, A permit to hunt a black rhino in Namibia sold for $350,000 at an auction in Dallas with proceeds going to protect the endangered animals despite protests from animal rights groups that saw the sale as immoral conservation.
    (Reuters, 1/11/14)
2014        Jan 11, Russian authorities detained five terror suspects in Nalchik, Kabardino-Balkar Republic, 185 miles east of Sochi, site of the upcoming Winter Olympics.
    (SSFC, 1/12/14, p.A8)
2014        Jan 11, South Sudanese government troops battled to recapture Bor, the last remaining rebel-held town.
    (AFP, 1/11/14)
2014        Jan 11, Three African envoys of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), a regional grouping of east African nations that initiated the talks, met with South Sudanese rebel leader Riek Machar in an effort to agree the terms of truce, but he turned them down. His demand for the release of detainees remains a stumbling block to a ceasefire deal.
    (AP, 1/12/14)
2014        Jan 11, In Spain tens of thousands of protesters marched in Bilbao in support of jailed members of the Basque separatist group ETA. A high court judge had vetoed the march, which was initially organized by prisoners' supporters to call for inmates to be moved to jails closer to their homes.
    (Reuters, 1/11/14)
2014        Jan 11, In Syria the ISIL al-Qaeda affiliate battled rival rebels across the country's north and dozens of bodies piled up in a hospital in the insurgent-held city of Raqqa. Government shelling killed more than 20 people in the central city of Homs.
    (Reuters, 1/11/14)(AP, 1/12/14)
2014        Jan 11, Tanzania said its elephant population, beset by poaching for ivory, has plummeted by two-thirds in the past three-and-a-half decades.
    (AFP, 1/11/14)
2014        Jan 11, In Thailand seven people were wounded after gunmen on motorcycles opened fire on anti-government protesters in Bangkok.
    (Reuters, 1/11/14)
2014        Jan 11, Tonga declared a state of emergency in some parts as powerful Cyclone Ian slammed into the South Pacific island nation. At least one person was killed.
    (AFP, 1/11/14)(AP, 1/12/14)
2014        Jan 11, Riots over Tunisia's economy flared overnight in towns around the country, leaving one dead and posing an immediate challenge to the new prime minister and the country's path to democracy.
    (AP, 1/11/14)
2014        Jan 11, Turkish politicians threw punches and water bottles during a debate about government control over the appointment of judges and prosecutors. Tens of thousands of demonstrators took to the streets of Ankara in protest against PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan's government.
    (Reuters, 1/11/14)(AFP, 1/11/14)
2014        Jan 11, Ukraine's ex-interior minister turned opposition leader Yuriy Lutsenko (49) was in intensive care in hospital after being beaten in fresh clashes between pro-EU demonstrators and club-wielding police.
    (AFP, 1/11/14)
2014        Jan 11, Fighting in north Yemen between Shi'ite Muslim Houthis and Sunni Salafis stopped as a ceasefire deal took effect, according to a presidential committee trying to help end the conflict. In the south armed tribesmen attacked troops assigned to guard oil wells near a facility operated by Norway’s DNO. 2 soldiers were killed.
    (Reuters, 1/11/14)(Reuters, 1/12/14)
2014        Jan 11, In Zimbabwe the pilot of a US-built helicopter died when he crashed into a wooded mountainside in the country's remote southwest. State media later reported that the pilot, identified as a prominent Zimbabwean businessman based in South Africa, was flying alone to visit relatives in the American 4-seat Robinson R44 model.
    (AP, 1/13/14)

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