Today in History - January 12

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49 BC    Jan 12, Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon River signaling a war between Rome and Gaul.
    (HN, 1/12/99)

1493        Jan 12, This was the last day for all Jews to leave Sicily.
    (MC, 1/12/02)

1519        Jan 12, Maximilian I of Hapsburg (59), Holy Roman Emperor and German Kaiser, died.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.11)(AP, 1/12/98)(PC, 1992, p.170)

1588        Jan 12, John Winthrop, the first governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, was born.
    (HN, 1/12/99)

1665        Jan 12, Pierre de Fermat (b.1601), French lawyer, mathematician (Fermat’s Principle), died. His equation xn + yn = zn is called Fermat’s Last Theorem and remained unproven for many years. The history of its resolution and final proof by Andrew Wiles is told by Amir D. Aczel in his 1996 book Fermat’s Last Theorem. “Fermat’s Enigma: The Epic Quest to Solve the World’s Greatest Mathematical Problem" by Simon Singh was published in 1997. In 1905 Paul Wolfskehl, a German mathematician, bequeathed a reward of 100,000 marks to whoever could find a proof to  Fermat’s “last theorem." It stumped mathematicians until 1993, when Andrew John Wiles made a breakthrough.
    (MC, 1/12/02)(SFC, 10/2/02, p.D7)

1729        Jan 12, Edmund Burke (d.1797), British politician and author, was born in Dublin. Burke advocated consistent and sympathetic treatment of the American colonies: "A very great part of the mischiefs that vex this world arises from words."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edmund_Burke)(V.D.-H.K.p.224)(AP, 7/20/97)(AP, 11/29/98)

1737        Jan 12, John Hancock, first signer of the Declaration of Independence, was born. [see Jan 23]
    (HN, 1/12/99)

1755        Jan 12, Tsarina Elisabeth established the 1st Russian University.
    (MC, 1/12/02)

1773        Jan 12, The first public museum in America was established, in Charleston, S.C.
    (AP, 1/12/98)

1777        Jan 12, Franciscans founded Mission Santa Clara de Asis, the 8th of California’s original 21 missions.
    (SFC, 8/19/00, p.A13)(MC, 1/12/02)

1816        Jan 12, France decreed the Bonaparte family to be excluded from the country forever.
    (MC, 1/12/02)

1820        Jan 12, Royal Astronomical Society was founded in England.
    (MC, 1/12/02)

1848        Jan 12, Sicilians in Palermo proclaimed a Provisional Government. The People proclaimed a constitution and elected a parliament. The Sicilian Republic survived for only 16 months.
    (http://tinyurl.com/l8u42fx)(Econ, 7/13/13, SR p.4)

1856        Jan 12, John Singer Sargent (d.1925), American Gilded Age portrait painter (Wyndham Sisters), was born.
    (SFC, 4/11/01, p.E1)(MC, 1/12/02)

1863        Jan 12, President Davis delivered his "State of Confederacy" address.
    (MC, 1/12/02)

1872        Jan 12, Russian Grand Duke Alexis began a gala buffalo hunting expedition with Gen. Phil Sheridan and Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer.
    (HN, 1/12/99)

1876        Jan 12, Jack London (d.1916), American writer and adventurer, was born in SF at 3rd and Brannon. The original home burned down in the 1906 fire. He is best known for his dog novels "The Call of the Wild" and “White Fang."
    (HFA, '96, p.22)(AHD, p.768)(HN, 1/12/99)(SFC, 1/10/03, p.E6)
1876        Jan 12, Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari, composer, was born in Venice, Italy.
    (MC, 1/12/02)

1878        Jan 12, Ferenc Molnar, Hungarian-US playwright (A Pal Utrai Fiuk), was born.
    (MC, 1/12/02)

1879        Jan 12, British-Zulu War began as British troops under Lieutenant General Frederic Augustus invaded Zululand from the southern African republic of Natal.
    (MC, 1/12/02)

1888        Jan 12, A major blizzard hit South Dakota and left hundreds of children and adults dead. In 2004 David Laskin authored “The Children’s Blizzard."
    (WSJ, 11/24/04, p.D10)

1893        Jan 12, Hermann Goring, Reichsmarshal of the Third Reich and commander of the Luftwaffe, was born. He committed suicide before he was to be hung for war crimes.
    (HN, 1/12/99)

1896        Jan 12, The 1st X-ray photo on record in the US was made by Dr. Henry Louis Smith at Davidson, NC. Dr. Henry Smith shot a bullet into the hand of a dead human body and made a 15 minute x-ray exposure to reveal the bullet.
    (SFEC, 6/14/98, Z1 p.8)(MC, 1/12/02)

1904        Jan 12, Anxious Germans opened fire on Ovaherero at Okahandja. The Herero people of Southwest Africa (Namibia) had risen in rebellion against German colonial rule. The deadly Deutsche Schutzruppe “peacekeeping regiment" quelled the tribes. They eventually annihilated 75% of the Herero and Nama peoples. In 1981 Jon M. Bridgeman authored “The Revolt of the Hereros."
    (www.umich.edu/news/MT/NewsE/10_05/steinmetz.html)(SSFC, 6/25/06, p.E5)

1908        Jan 12, A wireless message was sent long-distance for the first time from the Eiffel Tower in Paris.
    (HN, 1/12/99)

1913        Jan 12, Kiel and Wilhelmshaven became submarine bases in Germany.
    (HN, 1/12/99)

1915        Jan 12, The U.S. House of Representatives rejected a proposal to give women the right to vote.
    (AP, 1/12/98)

1916        Jan 12, Pieter W. Botha, later president of South Africa, was born in Orange Free State.
    (MC, 1/12/02)

1926        Jan 12, U.S. coal talks broke down, leaving both sides bitter as the strike dragged on into its fifth month.
    (HN, 1/12/99)

1927        Jan 12, U.S. Secretary of State Kellogg claimed that Mexican rebel Plutarco Calles was aiding the communist plot in Nicaragua.
    (HN, 1/12/99)

1928        Jan 12, Ruth Snyder (b.1895) became the first woman to die in the electric chair. She was electrocuted by “state electrician" Robert G. Elliott at Sing Sing Prison in Ossining, New York, along with Judd Gray, her lover and co-conspirator, for the murder of her husband, Albert on March 20, 1927. This was billed in the press as “The Dumb-Bell Murder."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruth_Snyder)

1932        Jan 12, Philip Barry's "Animal Kingdom," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 1/12/02)
1932        Jan 12, Mrs. Hattie W. Caraway (Ophelia Wyatt Caraway) a Democrat from Arkansas, became the first woman elected to the  US Senate.
    (AP, 1/12/98)
1932        Jan 12, Oliver Wendell Holmes quit the Supreme Court at age 90.
    (HN, 1/12/99)

1933        Jan 12, US Congress recognized the independence of the Philippines.
    (MC, 1/12/02)
1933        Jan 12, An uprising of Guardia Civil in Spain left 25 dead.
    (MC, 1/12/02)

1938        Jan 12, Austria recognized the Franco government in Spain.
    (HN, 1/12/99)

1940        Jan 12, Soviet bombers raided cities in Finland.
    (HN, 1/12/99)

1942        Jan 12, President Roosevelt created the National War Labor Board.
    (AP, 1/12/98)

1943        Jan 12, Frankfurters were replaced by Victory Sausages, a mix of meat &  soy meal.
    (MC, 1/12/02)
1943        Jan 12, Soviet forces raised the siege of Leningrad.
    (HN, 1/12/99)

1945        Jan 12, US Task Force 38 destroyed 41 Japanese ships in Battle of South China Sea.
    (MC, 1/12/02)
1945        Jan 12, German forces in Belgium retreated in Battle of Bulge.
    (MC, 1/12/02)
1945        Jan 12, Soviet forces began a huge offensive against the Germans in Eastern Europe.
    (AP, 1/12/98)

1947        Jan 12, In Haifa, Palestine, the Stern Gang drove a truckload of explosives into a British police station. 4 people were killed and 140 injured.
    (SSFC, 4/16/06, p.E4)

1948        Jan 12, The Supreme Court ruled that states could not discriminate against law-school applicants because of race. The case involved a black woman, Ada Lois Sipuel (1924-1995), and she earned the right to attend law school in previously segregated Oklahoma. Her lawyer was Thurgood Marshall.
    (AP, 1/12/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sipuel_v._Board_of_Regents_of_Univ._of_Okla)

1950        Jan 12, Sec. of State Dean Acheson in a speech placed South Korea and Formosa outside the US defense perimeter in Asia. Japan, Okinawa, Philippines, and the Aleutians were inside the perimeter to be defended.
    (WSJ, 5/26/00, p.W8)(http://history.acusd.edu/gen/20th/acheson.html)

1952        Jan 12, The Viet Minh cut the supply lines to the French forces in Hoa Bihn, Vietnam.
    (HN, 1/12/99)

1954        Jan 12, Howard Stern, "Radio's Bad Boy," was born in Roosevelt, NY.
    (MC, 1/12/02)
1954        Jan 12, Austria's worst avalanche killed 200. 9hrs later a 2nd one killed 115.
    (MC, 1/12/02)

1960        Jan 12, The San Francisco Chronicle learned that jazz musician Dave Brubeck had lost $40,000 in bookings on a monthlong Southern tour by his quartet because the group included black bass player Eugene Wright. Brubeck refused to drop Wright from his group.
    (SSFC, 1/10/10, DB p.42)

1962        Jan 12, The United States resumed aid to the Laotian regime.
    (HN, 1/12/99)

1964        Jan 12, Jeffrey Bezos, later founder of Amazon.com, was born in Albuquerque.
    (SFEC, 10/10/99, p.B3)
1964        Jan 12, Leftist rebels in Zanzibar, soon joined with Tanganyika to form Tanzania, began their successful revolt against the government. The socialist uprising unseated Sultan Jamshid and was fatal to thousands of Indian and Arabian gentry.
    (AP, 1/12/98)(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.C12)

1966        Jan 12, "Batman" with Adam West & Burt Ward premiered on ABC TV and continued to 1968. Frank Gorshin (1933-2005) played the Riddler. In 1967 Yvonne Craig (1937-2015) joined the show as Batgirl and alter ego Barbara Gordon.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Batman_%28TV_series%29)(SFC, 5/19/05, p.B7)(SFC, 8/20/15, p.D4)
1966        Jan 12, President Johnson said in his State of the Union address that the United States should stay in South Vietnam until Communist aggression there was ended.
    (AP, 1/12/98)
1966        Jan 12, A 12 day NYC transit strike ended.
    (MC, 1/12/02)

1967        Jan 12, HAL, the Heuristically Programmed Algorithmic Computer, from the 1968 Arthur C. Clark and Stanley Kubrick movie/book, became operational at the HAL plant in Urbana, Illinois. The book “HAL’s Legacy: 2001’s Computer as Dream and Reality" was published in 1997 by MIT Press. The birthday in the movie was 1/12/92.
    (SFEC, 1/12/97,  p.C14)(SFC, 1/25/97, p.E1)(SFEC, 3/16/97, Par p.31)(WSJ, 10/3/97, p.A8)

1969        Jan 12, The New York Jets defeated the Baltimore Colts, 16-7, in Super Bowl III at the Orange Bowl in Miami.
    (AP, 1/12/99)

1970        Jan 12, In Nigeria the 30-month civil war ended. The Biafran forces surrendered after nearly a million ethnic Igbos died mostly of hunger and disease. Emeka Ojukwu had led some 40 million Igbos in secession. In 2008 Nigeria paid the pension of Ojukwu and 63 other former rebels as part of efforts to heal wounds. In 2007 Pres. Obasanjo declared Jan 15 as “Armed Forces Remembrance Day" in honor of the soldiers that died in the war.
    (HNQ, 5/9/00)(AFP, 1/15/07)

1971        Jan 12, The situation comedy "All in the Family" with Carroll O’Connor (1924-2001) as Archie Bunker, began on CBS TV and ran to 1983. It later became "Archie Bunker’s Place." It was the first video-taped sitcom. Producers Bud Yorkin (1926-2015) and Norman Lear adopted the 1964 British series "Till Death Do Us Part," written by Johnny Speight (d.1998 at 78) for the sitcom.
    (SFEC, 5/24/98, DB p.39)(AP, 1/12/00)(SFC, 6/22/01, p.A1)(SFC, 8/19/15, p.A10)
1971        Jan 12, Jimmy Carter (b.1924) was sworn in as the 76th governor of Georgia.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jimmy_Carter)
1971        Jan 12, A federal grand jury indicted Rev. Philip Berrigan and 5 others, including a nun & 2 priests, on charges of plotting to kidnap Henry Kissinger. On 5 September 1972 the Justice Department dropped all charges.
    (http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3468302715.html)

1973        Jan 12, Yasser Arafat was re-elected as head of the Palestinian Liberation Organization.
    (HN, 1/12/99)

1975        Jan 12, The Pittsburgh Steelers beat the Minnesota Vikings (16-6) in the Superbowl in New Orleans. Bob McCurry of Chrysler Corp. introduced the auto rebate in a 1975 Superbowl commercial.
    (www.jt-sw.com/football/pro/results.nsf/Teams/1974-pit)

1976        Jan 12, Dame Agatha Christie (b.1890) (Agatha Mary Clarissa, Lady Mallowan),  English mystery writer, died in Wallingford, England. She also wrote romances under the name Mary Westmacott, but is remembered for her 66 mystery novels. Her work with mystery novels, particularly featuring detectives Hercule Poirot or Miss Marple, have given her the title the “Queen of Crime" and made her one of the most important and innovative writers in the development of the mystery novel. Two of her most famous novels might be Murder on the Orient Express (1934) and Death on the Nile (1937).
            (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agatha_Christie)(SFC,12/26/97, p.C22)(AP, 1/12/98)

1977        Jan 12, Anti-French demonstrations took place in Israel after Paris released Abu Daoud, responsible for the 1972 Munich massacre of Israeli athletes.
    (www.cnn.com/almanac/9801/12/)
1977        Jan 12, Henri-Georges Clouzot (b.1907), French film director and producer, died. His films included “Les Diaboliques" (1955) and “La Verite" (1960).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henri-Georges_Clouzot)

1978        Oct 12, Nancy Spungen (b.1958), girlfriend of Sex Pistols bassist Sid Vicious, was found dead on the bathroom floor of their NYC hotel room.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nancy_Spungen)

1979        Jan 12, Kenneth Bianchi, LA's Hillside Strangler, was arrested in Bellingham, Wa. He and his cousin Angelo Buono (d.2002 at 67) sexually assaulted and murdered as many as 13 young women (12-28) in 1977-1978, and dumping their bodies on LA-area hillsides. Bianchi testified against Buono to escape the death penalty. Buono was convicted on 9 of 10 murder counts and was sentenced to life in prison
    (SSFC, 9/22/02, p.A7)(SFC, 10/1/02, p.A17)

1981        Jan 12, The US District Court in SF sentenced Joseph Bonanno Sr. (75), the reputed NY mafia boss, to serve 5 years in prison. Bonanno was released from prison July 29, 1984.
    (SFC, 1/6/06, p.F2)(www.upi.com/inc/view.php?StoryID=12052002-011843-1177r)
1981        Jan 12, In Iowa Richard Huntbach (85) and wife Goldie (77) were found shot to death in their home in Waterloo. On May 10, 2012, Jack Wendell Pursel (66) turned himself in to police and confessed to the killing saying he had become a Christian. Months after the Waterloo killings, Pursel began serving a 21-year sentence for two sex offenses; however, he was paroled in 1992. He was completely discharged from his sentence in September of 1995. On June 7, 2012 Pursel pleaded guilty to the Waterloo murders and was sentenced to life in prison.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7pbnbaf)(SFC, 6/8/12, p.A8)

1982        Jan 12, Peking protested the sale of U.S. planes to Taiwan.
    (HN, 1/12/99)

1986        Jan 12, Space shuttle Columbia blasted off with a crew that included the first Hispanic-American in space, Dr. Franklin R. Chang-Diaz.
    (AP, 1/12/98)

1987        Jan 12, Neil Goldschmidt (b.1940), former mayor of Portland, began serving a 4-year term as governor of Oregon. He later served under Pres. Carter as Sec. of Transportation. It was later reported that Goldschmidt had engaged in a 3-year relationship, while mayor of Portland, with a girl (14) who babysat his children.
    (http://tinyurl.com/5l7rj)(SFC, 4/5/05, p.A11)
1987        Jan 12, Anglican Church envoy Terry Waite arrived in Lebanon on his latest mission to win the release of Western hostages; however, Waite ended up being taken captive himself.
    (AP, 1/12/07)

1988        Jan 12, Willie Stargell, a 21-year slugger with the Pittsburgh Pirates, was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, N.Y., in his first year of eligibility.
    (AP, 1/12/98)

1989        Jan 12, President-elect Bush completed the selection of his Cabinet, naming retired Adm. James D. Watkins secretary of energy and former education secretary William J. Bennett drug czar.
    (AP, 1/12/99)
1989        Jan 12, Idi Amin was expelled from Zaire (later CongoDRC) and forced to return to Saudi Arabia.
    (www.moreorless.au.com/killers/amin.html)

1990        Jan 12, Astronauts aboard the space shuttle Columbia retrieved an 11-ton floating science laboratory in a rescue mission that kept the satellite from plunging to Earth.
    (AP, 1/12/00)
1990        Jan 12, Civil Rights activist Rev. Al Sharpton was stabbed in Bensonhurst, Brooklyn.
    (http://tinyurl.com/fpmgu)
1990        Jan 12, Laurence J. Peter (70), author (Peter Principle), died of a stroke.
    (MC, 1/12/02)

1991        Jan 12, A deeply divided Congress gave President Bush the authority to wage war in the Persian Gulf. The Senate voted 52-to-47 to empower Bush to use armed forces to expel Iraq from Kuwait; the House followed suit on a vote of 250-to-183. 45 of 55 Democratic senators voted against the congressional resolution authorizing the use of force.
    (HN, 1/12/99)(AP, 1/12/01)(NW, 9/30/02, p.72)

1992        Jan 12, The Washington Redskins won the NFC championship, defeating the Detroit Lions 41 to 10; the Buffalo Bills won the AFC title, beating the Denver Broncos 10 to 7.
    (AP, 1/12/02)
1992        Jan 12, HAL, the Heuristically Programmed Algorithmic Computer, from the 1968 Arthur C. Clark and Stanley Kubrick movie and book, “became operational" at the HAL plant in Urbana, Illinois. [1997 article claimed 1/12/97 as birthdate] The book "HAL’s Legacy: 2001’s Computer as Dream and Reality" was published in 1997 by MIT Press. The birthday in the movie was 1/12/92.
    (SFEC, 1/12/97,  p.C14)(SFC, 1/25/97, p.E1)(SFEC, 3/16/97, Par p.31)(WSJ, 10/3/97, p.A8)
1992        Jan 12, One day after the surprise resignation of Algeria's president, Chadli Bendjedid, the army-backed Algerian government canceled parliamentary elections to prevent fundamentalist Muslims from winning power.
    (AP, 1/12/02)

1994        Jan 12, Pres. Clinton bowed to political pressure and asked that a special prosecutor be named to investigate his 1980's Whitewater land dealings with Arkansas businessman James B. McDougal.
    (SFEC, 11/15/98, p.A3)(AP, 1/12/99)
1994        Jan 12, President Clinton, en route to Russia, nailed down an agreement with Ukraine to eliminate the country's nuclear arsenal, the third-largest in the world.
    (AP, 1/12/99)
1994        Jan 12, In Mexico after an initial hard line, the government agreed to a cease-fire with the Zapatista rebels.
    (SFC,12/18/97, p.C2)

1995        Jan 12, Qubilah Shabazz, the daughter of Malcolm X, was arrested in Minneapolis on charges that she had tried to hire a hitman to kill Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan; the charges were later dropped.
    (AP, 1/12/00)
1995        Jan 12, In LA, Ca., Judge Ito heard defense arguments for questioning racial attitudes of Detective Mark Fuhrman in the murder trial against OJ Simpson. Fuhrman had found a bloody glove at O.J.'s estate.
    (http://www.usatoday.com/news/index/nns053.htm)
1995        Jan 12, In Port-au-Prince, Haiti, an American soldier was killed and another wounded during a shootout with a former Haitian army officer who also was killed.
    (AP, 1/12/00)
1996        Jan 12, Chechen fighters holding more than 100 hostages in the Russian village of Pervomayskaya freed about a dozen of their captives and pledged to release the rest if four top Russian officials took their place.
    (AP, 1/12/01)

1997        Jan 12, Two recently enrolled female cadets at The Citadel announced they were not returning for the spring semester, citing harassment by male cadets.
    (AP, 1/12/98)
1997        Jan 12, The Green Bay Packers defeated the Carolina Panthers, 30-13, to win the NFC Championship, while the New England Patriots beat the Jacksonville Jaguars 20-6 to claim the AFC Championship.
    (AP, 1/12/98)
1997        Jan 12, The Atlantis space shuttle went up for a rendezvous with the MIR space station.  Jerry Linenger, physician, was to replace astronaut Jim [John] Blaha.
    (USAT, 1/13/97, p.3A)(AP, 1/12/98)
1997        Jan 12, In Mexico four generals and a colonel met with Mr. Gonzalez Quirarte, the right-hand man of drug lord, Carillo Fuentes, to arrange protection according to later statements made by Gen. Jesus Gutierrez Rebollo.
    (WSJ, 10/2/97, p.A12)

1998        Jan 12, The music groups Santana, the Eagles, Fleetwood Mac, the Mamas and the Papas were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Also inducted were rockabilly legend Gene Vincent, and New Orleans musician Lloyd Price as well as jazz composer Jelly Roll Morton and New Orleans producer Allen Toussaint.
    (SFC, 1/14/98, p.D3)
1998        Jan 12, Linda Tripp provided Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr's office with taped conversations between herself and former White House intern Monica Lewinsky.
    (AP, 1/12/99)
1998        Jan 12, Former Senator Robert Dole signed a $30,000 per month contract as a foreign agent for Taiwan.
    (WSJ, 1/13/98, p.A1)
1998        Jan 12, CBS signed a $4 billion eight-year deal to televise American Football Conference games on Sunday afternoons; Fox signed a $4.4 billion eight-year contract to continue showing National Football Conference games on Sunday afternoons.
    (AP, 1/12/99)
1998        Jan 12, A human-cloning ban was signed in Paris by 19 European nations.
    (WSJ, 1/13/98, p.A1)(AP, 1/12/99)
1998        Jan 12, In Algeria gangs of men hurled bombs into a mosque in Haouche Sahraoui  and a movie theater in Sidi Ahmed and up to 120 people were killed. It coincided with the 6th anniversary of the coup that thwarted the Islamic Salvation Front’s rise to power by cancelled elections. The number killed was reported by local papers to be at least 400.
    (SFC, 1/13/98, p.A11)(SFC, 1/14/98, p.C2)(www.tkb.org/Incident.jsp?incID=10201)
1998        Jan 12, Britain and Ireland proposed a power-sharing compromise to reconcile the divided Protestants and Roman Catholics. Home rule was offered to Northern Ireland under an assembly elected by proportional representation.
    (SFC, 1/13/98, p.A10)
1998        Jan 12, In Burundi Hutu rebels attacked army positions and at least 55 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 1/13/98, p.A1)
1998        Jan 12, Germany announced that it will pay $110 million over 5 years in pensions to Holocaust survivors in Eastern Europe.
    (SFC, 1/13/98, p.A11)
1998        Jan 12, In Hong Kong the Peregrine finance house collapsed due to a debt burden to an Indonesian cab company of $260 million.
    (SFC, 1/13/98, p.A1)
1998        Jan 12, Iraq authorities said they would block a UN inspection team led by former US Marine captain Scott Ritter.
    (SFC, 1/13/98, p.A10)
1998        Jan 12, Japan announced that the nation’s banks carried only about $580 billion in bad or questionable loans.
    (SFC, 1/13/98, p.A10)
1998        Jan 12, In Mexico Chiapas state police opened fire on stone-throwing Indian protestors and 1 woman was killed and 2 others wounded. The government said the army arrested 27 state police at the site of the shooting near Ocosingo. Separately Chiapas state police commander Felipe Vazquez Espinosa was indicted for helping arm the paramilitary gunmen of the Acteal massacre.
    (SFC, 1/13/98, p.A10)
1998        Jan 12, In Nigeria an underwater pipeline from a Mobil Oil production platform broke and released 40,000 barrels of oil into the Niger delta.
    (SFEC, 9/20/98, p.A26)
1998        Jan 12, It was reported that Turkish police rounded up 1,374 people, mostly Kurds, around Istanbul in an effort to stem illegal emigration.
    (SFC, 1/12/98, p.A1)
1998        Jan 12, From Venezuela it was reported that over 140 dead dolphins were recently washed ashore on La Tortuga Island. There were no external wounds other than some reddish marks on the abdomen.
    (SFC, 1/12/98, p.A8)   

1999        Jan 12, The Mark McGwire 70th home run ball was auctioned off for $3.005 million. The high bid was $2.7 million plus commission. Todd McFarlane, creator of "Spawn" comic books, was the buyer.
    (SFC, 1/13/99, p.A3)(SFC, 2/9/99, p.A2)
1999        Jan 12, The Supreme Court limited state regulation of voter initiatives, striking down several methods used by Colorado to police such measures.
    (AP, 1/12/00)
1999        Jan 12, In Haiti 2 gunmen on motorcycle opened fire on a vehicle carrying the sister of Pres. Rene Preval. She was seriously wounded and her driver was killed.
    (SFC, 1/13/99, p.A10)
1999        Jan 12, In Iraq a US F-16 jet encountered an active radar site and fired a HARM anti-radiation missile at it.
    (SFC, 1/13/99, p.A10)
1999        Jan 12, In Zimbabwe military police detained a newspaper editor who printed an article saying 23 soldiers were arrested for plotting to overthrow Pres. Mugabe last month. The government denied any coup attempt.
    (WSJ, 1/13/99, p.A1)

2000        Jan 12, The US Supreme Court gave police broad authority to stop and question people who run at the sight of an officer.
    (AP, 1/12/01)
2000        Jan 12, US Attorney General Janet Reno said that the Florida court order granting temporary custody of Elian Gonzalez to his great uncle had no force or effect on the INS decision that the boy should be returned to his father in Cuba.
    (SFC, 1/13/00, p.A3)
2000        Jan 12, Scientists reported that the temperature of the Earth's surface had risen 0.7-1.4 degrees Fahrenheit over the past century and that the Earth has been warming for the past 300 years.
    (SFC, 1/13/00, p.A7)
2000        Jan 12, Charlotte Hornets guard Bobby Phills was killed in a crash during a drag race.
    (AP, 1/12/05)
2000        Jan 12, An Argentine a tour bus crashed into a 2nd local bus in Brazil and 42 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 1/13/00, p.A1)
2000        Jan 12, Forced to act by a European court ruling, the British government ended its ban on gay men and women serving in the armed forces.
    (SFC, 1/13/00, p.A1)(AP, 1/12/01)
2000        Jan 12, In Colombia rebels ended a holiday truce and 24 people were feared dead in attacks on southern mountain towns.
    (WSJ, 1/13/00, p.A1)
2000        Jan 12, In Malaysia police arrested 3 vocal critics of Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad.
    (SFC, 1/13/00, p.A12)
2000        Jan 12, Turkish leaders postponed the execution of Kurdish leader Abdullah Ocalan.
    (SFC, 1/13/00, p.A12)

2001        Jan 12, The U.S. Commission on Civil Rights concluded a two-day hearing on Florida's presidential election, with members accusing Secretary of State Katherine Harris of presiding over a “disaster" and trying to shift blame to others.
    (AP, 1/12/02)
2001        Jan 12, The FERC approved a corporate restructure for California’s PG&E that allowed the parent company to shield profits from the mounting debts of its utility subsidiary.
    (SFC, 1/16/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 12, William Hewlett (b.1913), co-founder of Hewlett-Packard Corp., died in Palo Alto, Calif.
    (SFC, 1/13/01, p.A1)(NW, 12/31/01, p.109)

2002        Jan 12, Michelle Kwan won her fifth successive U.S. Figure Skating Championships crown and sixth overall.
    (AP, 1/12/03)
2002        Jan 12, The United States intensified its anti-terror campaign in eastern Afghanistan, dropping bombs on suspected al-Qaida and Taliban hideouts.
    (SSFC, 1/13/02, p.A8)(AP, 1/12/03)
2002        Jan 12, Cyrus R. Vance (84), former US Sec. of State under Jimmy Carter, died in New York.
    (SSFC, 1/13/02, p.A27)(AP, 1/12/03)
2002        cJan 12, The World Food Program halted aid shipments to Afghanistan this week due to theft and looting by bandits and warlords.
    (SSFC, 1/13/02, p.A10)
2002        Jan 12, In Colombia Pres. Pastrana rejected a last minute FARC proposal to save the peace process.
    (SSFC, 1/13/02, p.A19)
2002        Jan 12, Israeli missile boats hit a Palestinian fuel depot in a 4th day of reprisals.
    (SSFC, 1/13/02, p.A20)
2002        Jan 12, Malaysia announced the arrests of 2 more suspected militants tied to al Qaeda and linked to a cell in Singapore.
    (SSFC, 1/13/02, p.A11)
2002        Jan 12-13, In Mexico a rain storm was followed by a freeze and as many as 270 million monarch butterflies were killed at the Rosario and Sierra Chincua colonies in Michoacan state.
    (SFC, 2/12/02, p.A4)(SFC, 2/18/02, p.A3)
2002        Jan 12, In Nigeria fighting broke out in Owo when members of the Odua People’s Congress approached the palace of a Yoruba tribal leader. Dozens were feared dead.
    (SFC, 1/14/02, p.A6)
2002        Jan 12, In Northern Ireland Protestant militants, the Red Hand Defenders, killed a Catholic postman, Daniel McColgan (20). On Jan 16 the group announced that it was disbanding and lifting its threat to kill Catholic workers.
    (WSJ, 1/14/02, p.A1)(SFC, 1/17/02, p.a10)
2002        Jan 12, Pakistan’s Pres. Musharraf vowed to crack down on militant Islamists using Pakistan as a base of operations in Kashmir. Musharraf also announced new regulations on education criteria for the estimated 6,000 madrassas, the Islamic schools.
    (SSFC, 1/13/02, p.A1)(SFC, 1/21/02, p.A10)
2002        Jan 12, In Zimbabwe police fired on some 5,000 opposition supporters in Buhera. Opposition MDC offices were wet on fire in Kwekwe.
    (SFC, 1/15/02, p.A9)

2003        Jan 12, It was reported that the $250 billion-a-year US Medicare program was riddled with conflicts of interest and fraud estimated at $50-75 billion.
    (SSFC, 1/12/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 12, Steve Case announced he was stepping down as chairman of the conglomerate he'd helped to create. Shareholders blamed him for AOL Time Warner's sharp fall in fortunes. The Board soon named Richard Parsons as chairman.
    (AP, 1/12/04)(WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R8)
2003        Jan 12, Maurice Gibb (53), member of the Bee Gees musical group, died in Miami following surgery for a blocked intestine. The group's work included the 1977 "Saturday Night Fever" album.
    (SSFC, 1/12/03, p.A2)
2003        Jan 12, In Argentina former military dictator Leopoldo F. Galtieri (76), who in 1982 led Argentina into the Falkland Islands war against Britain, died.
    (AP, 1/12/03)
2003        Jan 12, The death toll from a month-long cold spell rose to 986 people in northern India, Nepal and Bangladesh.
    (AP, 1/13/03)
2003        Jan 12, Three missiles fired from an Israeli helicopter missed their apparent target, Islamic militants riding in a car, and killed two 15 year-old Palestinian boys, seriously wounding another teen. In Israel 7 Palestinians, two other Arab attackers and two Israelis were killed in raids and infiltrations.
    (AP, 1/13/03)(SFC, 1/13/03, p.A3)
2003        Jan 12, Kinji Fukasaku (72), Japanese film director, died. His films included "Battle without Honor and Humanity" (1973), "Cops vs. Thugs" (1975), "Yakuza Graveyard" (1976) and "Graveyard of Honor" (1976) and "The Geisha House" (1999).
    (SFC, 1/28/03, p.A15)

2004        Jan 12, President Bush and Mexican President Vicente Fox forged agreement on the contentious issues of immigration and Iraq, meeting in Monterrey before the opening of a 34-nation hemispheric summit.
    (AP, 1/12/05)
2004        Jan 12, It was reported that a new US Homeland Security program planned to screen airline passengers according to a color code based on computerized data.
    (SFC, 1/13/04, p.A1)
2004        Jan 12, The US Supreme Court refused to hear on appeal by civil liberties groups seeking access to basic data of individuals detained indefinitely by the government after the Sep. 11, 2001, attacks.
    (SFC, 1/13/04, p.A1)
2004        Jan 12, Randy VanWarmer (48), singer-songwriter, died in Seattle.
    (AP, 1/12/05)
2004        Jan 12, In Afghanistan dozens of suspected Taliban fighters armed with assault rifles attacked a police checkpoint and killed four policemen.
    (AP, 1/12/04)
2004        Jan 12, Juan Barrionuevo, Argentine legislator from Tierra del Fuego, was arrested and charged with committing crimes and torture during the 1976-83 military dictatorship.
    (WPR, 3/04, p.26)
2004        Jan 12, In Burundi Hutu rebels killed 17 people, including five soldiers, in attacks northwest of Bujumbura over the last 2 days.
    (AP, 1/13/04)
2004        Jan 12, The $780 million Queen Mary 2 departed Southampton, England, for Fort Lauderdale, Fla. The ship was built by Chantieres de l'Atlantique in St. Nazaire, France.
    (WSJ, 10/2/03, p.A1)
2004        Jan 12, A roadside bomb explosion in Baghdad killed one U.S. soldier and wounded two, bringing the American death toll to nearly 500 since the start of fighting in March. US soldiers killed an Iraqi man and a boy driving in a car behind a convoy after a roadside bomb went off nearby.
    (AP, 1/12/04)(SFC, 1/13/04, p.A10)
2004        Jan 12, It was reported that China might inject $40 billion into its Industrial and Commercial Bank. 2 other state-run lenders, Bank of China and China Construction Bank, split $45 billion in transfers from foreign exchange reserves a week earlier.
    (WSJ, 1/12/04, p.A1)
2004        Jan 12, In northwest Colombia suspected FARC rebels using a grenade launcher and guns killed at least five paramilitary fighters inside a bar in Anza.
    (AP, 1/13/04)
2004        Jan 12, A 2-day meeting began for leaders of the 34 members of the Organization of American States opened in Monterrey, Mexico.
    (AP, 1/12/04)
2004        Jan 12, The United States announced plans to return to Peru $20 million stolen by a corrupt government official and stashed in U.S. bank accounts. In December, Peru accused Victor Venero Garrido of hiding the money in U.S. accounts under the guidance of Vladimiro Montesinos.
    (AP, 1/12/04)
2004        Jan 12, In the Philippines a huge fire in a Manila shantytown hurt at least 23 people, destroyed thousands of homes and left about 25,000 residents homeless.
    (AP, 1/12/04)
2004        Jan 12, Olga Ladyzhenskaya (81), Russian mathematician, died. Her studies in differential equations helped improve weather forecasts and advance other fields of science.
    (AP, 1/27/04)

2005        Jan 12, The US Supreme Court ruled that federal sentencing guidelines enacted 2 decades ago are unconstitutional. The decision was not retroactive.
    (WSJ, 1/13/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 12, New US government Dietary Guidelines suggested 30 minutes of daily physical activity to reduce risk of chronic disease; 60 minutes to maintain a healthy weight; and 90 minutes to lose weight.
    (SFC, 1/13/05, p.A4)
2005        Jan 12, Democrat Christine Gregoire, winner of the extremely close Washington governor’s race, was inaugurated.
    (AP, 1/12/06)
2005        Jan 12, It was reported that researchers had synthesized a DNA molecule of 14,500 chemical units with 21 genes used by a harmless laboratory bacterium.
    (SFC, 1/12/05, p.A2)
2005        Jan 12, NASA launched its Deep Impact spacecraft from Cape Canaveral, Fla. It was scheduled to launch an 820-poind impactor vehicle at Comet Tempel-1 on July 4.
    (WSJ, 1/13/05, p.D8)
2005        Jan 12, In southern Afghanistan gunmen kidnapped six government soldiers in a former Taliban stronghold and dumped their bullet-ridden bodies in a canal.
    (AP, 1/13/05)
2005        Jan 12, Firefighters brought Australia's deadliest bushfires in 20 years under control after 9 people died in the blazes in the Eyre Peninsula.
    (AP, 1/12/05)
2005        Jan 12, Britain’s Prince Harry apologized after a newspaper published a photograph of the young royal wearing a Nazi uniform to a costume party.
    (AP, 1/12/06)
2005        Jan 12, The European Parliament gave its overwhelming endorsement to the European Union's first-ever constitution and urged EU governments to quickly follow suit.
    (CP, 1/12/05)
2005        Jan 12, Maud Fontenoy, a French woman (26), set out in a row boat on a 4,900-mile solo voyage to Polynesia, hoping to trace Thor Heyerdahl's epic 1947 Pacific crossing aboard the balsa raft Kon-Tiki.
    (AP, 1/14/05)
2005        Jan 12, German police arrested 14 people during raids of apartments and mosques in five states in a crackdown on an Islamic extremist organization suspected of aiding terrorists.
    (AP, 1/12/05)
2005        Jan 12, Indonesia demanded that all foreign troops providing disaster relief leave the country by Mar 31.
    (SFC, 1/13/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 12, Insurgents launched a string of attacks in the northern city of Mosul killing two Iraqi National Guardsmen and wounding two others in a car bombing. Sheik Mahmoud Finjan was shot to death as he headed home after evening prayers in a mosque at the town of Salman Pak southeast of Baghdad. Attackers also killed Finjan's son and four bodyguards. Sunni Muslim militants claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 1/12/05)(AP, 1/14/05)
2005        Jan 12, Islamic militants detonated a bomb near a Jewish settlement in the southern Gaza Strip, killing an Israeli civilian and wounding three soldiers.
    (AP, 1/12/05)
2005        Jan 12, Nigeria made public plans to build a second $6-billion liquefied natural gas (LNG) plant in the southwestern state of Ondo.
    (AFP, 1/13/05)
2005        Jan 12, A US-sponsored study estimated that one million Russians were infected with the AIDS virus.
    (WSJ, 1/13/05, p.A1)

2006        Jan 12, The US mint began shipping a new Jefferson nickel.
    (SFC, 1/13/06, p.C1)
2006        Jan 12, In Palm Springs, Ca., Richard Milanovich, chairman of the Agua Caliente Ban of Cahuilla Indians, apologized to other tribal leaders for the scandal tied to Washington lobbyist Jack Abramoff. He addressed tribal leaders on the 2nd day of a 3-day conference for casino-operating tribes. Abramoff and associates had collected some $66 million from 6 American Indian tribes seeking influence in Washington.
    (SFC, 1/13/06, p.B14)
2006        Jan 12, The United Farm Workers left the AFL-CIO to join 5 other unions in a new confederation due to a rift over organizing tactics.
    (WSJ, 1/13/06, p.A1)
2006        Jan 12, The winning entry in New Jersey’s slogan contest was: "New Jersey: "Come See For Yourself."
    (AP, 1/12/06)
2006        Jan 12, Houston became the largest school district in the country to adopt a merit pay plan for teachers that focuses on students' tests scores.
    (AP, 1/13/06)
2006        Jan 12, Nikon announced that it would no longer make most film cameras. A week later Minolta said it was quitting the camera business.
    (Econ, 2/4/06, p.75)
2006        Jan 12, Starbucks announced plans to promote a new film, ramping up its ambition to move into the entertainment business.
    (WSJ, 1/12/06, p.A1)
2006        Jan 12, In Fort Lauderdale 4 youths went cruising to beat up some bums. Norris Gaynor (45), a homeless man, was beaten to death with baseball bats in one of 3 attacks. A surveillance camera captured the beating of Jacques Pierre in one of the non-lethal attacks. [see Jan 15]
    (SFC, 9/5/08, p.A5)
2006        Jan 12, Australia and East Timor agreed to equally share revenue from the Greater Sunrise natural gas project in the Timor Sea.
    (WSJ, 1/13/06, p.A8)
2006        Jan 12, In Bahrain an official said Prince Faisal (15), the sixth son of the king, Sheik Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, was killed in an accident while driving a car.
    (AP, 1/12/06)
2006        Jan 12, The British, French and German foreign ministers said that negotiations with Iran over its nuclear program had reached a "dead end" and the Islamic republic should be referred to the U.N. Security Council for possible sanctions.
    (AP, 1/12/06)
2006        Jan 12, China’s government released a white paper outlining its African policy.
    (Econ, 1/21/06, p.44)
2006        Jan 12, Chinese Foreign Minister Li Zhaoxing gave four million US dollars to Dakar within hours of his arrival in Senegal, the latest west African country to have recently ditched Taiwan in favor of mighty Beijing.
    (AP, 1/12/06)
2006        Jan 12, In Ecuador police used tear gas to disperse about 2,000 demonstrators after they burned an American flag in front of the government palace to protest a free trade pact with the United States.
    (AP, 1/12/06)
2006        Jan 12, EU governments refused to ascribe market-economy status to 13 Chinese shoemakers, opening the way for duties to be imposed on their imports to Europe.
    (AP, 1/12/06)
2006        Jan 12, A German court convicted Amin Lokman Mohamed (33), an Iraqi man, of aiding a terror group in his home country and sentenced him to seven years in prison.
    (AP, 1/12/06)
2006        Jan 12, In Lucknow, India, police said 4 men, who were arrested last week on charges of spreading homosexuality, were running a secret Internet club for homosexuals. Homosexuality is illegal in India. Activists called for their release.
    (AP, 1/12/06)
2006        Jan 12, Italy's Air One said it will buy 30 Airbus A320s under a $1.8 billion deal for delivery by 2008 and plans to exercise an option to buy 10 more planes this year.
    (AP, 1/12/06)
2006        Jan 12, In Kenya gunmen shot and killed, Joan Wells Root (69), a well-known British environmentalist and wildlife filmmaker, at her home in the central Rift Valley.
    (AFP, 1/13/06)
2006        Jan 12, Hundreds of protesters stormed the headquarters of Mongolia's biggest political party (MPRP), one day after it pulled out of the country's 15-month-old ruling coalition.
    (AP, 1/12/06)
2006        Jan 12, A Palestinian militant blew himself up and two other Palestinians were killed in a gunbattle with Israeli troops during an arrest raid in the West Bank town of Jenin.
    (AP, 1/12/06)
2006        Jan 12, Thousands of Muslim pilgrims rushing to complete a symbolic stoning ritual during the hajj tripped over luggage, causing a crush in which 363 people were killed.
    (AP, 1/12/07)
2006        Jan 12, Spanish police detained Omar Nakcha (23), a Moroccan whom they suspect of being the leader of two extremist groups recruiting volunteers to fight in Iraq.
    (AP, 1/12/06)
2006        Jan 12, In Sri Lanka at least 9 sailors died when a bus they were traveling on was blown up by a mine.
    (Econ, 1/14/06, p.47)
2006        Jan 12, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan said he wants the US and European countries to help form a tough mobile force that would stop the bloodshed, rape and plunder in Sudan's Darfur region.
    (AP, 1/12/06)
2006        Jan 12, Mehmet Ali Agca (48), the man who shot Pope John Paul II in 1981, was released from prison after serving more than 25 years in Italy and Turkey for the plot against the pontiff and the slaying of a Turkish journalist.
    (AP, 1/12/06)
2006        Jan 12, Turkey’s government said 2 more Turks tested positive for the deadly H5N1 strain of bird flu in preliminary tests, bringing the total number of human infections to 18.
    (AP, 1/12/06)

2007        Jan 12, Pres. Bush signed a bill into law that made it a crime to lie to obtain telephone records of private citizens, a procedure known as pretexting, following a 2006 case at Hewlett-Packard.
    (SFC, 1/13/07, p.C1)
2007        Jan 12, Durham County, N.C., District Attorney Mike Nifong asked to be removed from the Duke lacrosse rape investigation. State prosecutors later exonerated three suspects.
    (AP, 1/12/08)
2007        Jan 12, Francisco Javier Dominguez-Rivera (22) of Puebla, Mexico, was killed in a confrontation with the unidentified agent north of the US-Mexico border in Arizona between Bisbee and Douglas. On Jan 16 the Mexican government sent a diplomatic note to the United States protesting the fatal shooting.
    (AP, 1/16/07)
2007        Jan 12, In California the Fresno-based Westlands Water District purchased 3,000 acres on the McCloud River for $35 million. They planned to sell the land to the federal government if officials and lawmakers decide to raise the nearby Shasta Dam.
    (SSFC, 1/28/07, p.A1)
2007        Jan 12, Jennifer Strange (28) of Rancho Cordova, Ca., died after guzzling a large quantity of water as part of a Sacramento KDND-FM radio show contest. In 2009 Entercom Sacramento LLC was found negligent and ordered to pay nearly $16.6 million to the family of Jennifer Strange.
    (SFC, 1/18/07, p.A1)(SFC, 10/30/09, p.A8)
2007        Jan 12, In SF Mia Sagote (30) and Leslie Siliga (29) reportedly doused Leslie May (49), a homeless woman from the Tenderloin, with gasoline and burned her alive at Candlestick Point in retaliation for May’s report to police implicating them in a personal robbery. Sagote was convicted of murder, kidnapping and robbery on Oct 20, 2013. On Dec 20, 2013, Sagote was sentenced to life in prison without parole.
    (SFC, 2/15/07, p.A1)(SFC, 10/30/13, p.D3)(SFC, 12/21/13, p.C3)
2007        Jan 12, In Missouri 2 missing boys were found at the suburban St. Louis home of Michael Devlin (41). William Ownby (13) had been missing for 5 days; Shawn Hornbeck (15) had been missing since Oct 2002. In October Devlin was sentenced to multiple life terms for kidnapping and sexual assault.
    (SFC, 1/13/07, p.A5)(SFC, 10/9/07, p.A6)(AP, 1/12/08)
2007        Jan 12, Larry Stewart (58), known as “Secret Santa" for the millions he passed out with no strings attached to people in need, died at St. Lukes Hospital in Kansas City, Missouri of esophageal cancer. Stewart, from the Kansas City suburb of Lee's Summit, made his millions in cable television and long-distance telephone service.
    (www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,243578,00.html)
2007        Jan 12, A suicide bomber rammed his explosives-filled car into a two-vehicle convoy carrying foreigners south of Kabul, wounding at least one Afghan civilian.
    (AP, 1/12/07)
2007        Jan 12, Fakhruddin Ahmed, a former Bangladesh central bank governor, was sworn in as head of the country's new interim government.
    (AFP, 1/12/07)
2007        Jan 12, Bolivia’s President Evo Morales proposed a new law to allow recall votes against elected officials, a move that would give protesters demanding the resignation of an opposition-aligned state governor a way to remove him from office.
    (AP, 1/13/07)
2007        Jan 12, In Sao Paulo, Brazil, a hole being excavated for a new subway station collapsed, opening a huge crater that swallowed cars and dump trucks. A missing minibus was feared under the dirt.
    (AP, 1/13/07)
2007        Jan 12, Severe gales and heavy rains powered by an Atlantic storm left at least one person dead and eight missing, sunk two fishing trawlers and disrupted travel across Britain and Ireland.
    (AP, 1/12/07)
2007        Jan 12, Canada unveiled plans to spend more than $368 million over the next five years to protect its border from terrorist, economic and environmental threats.
    (AP, 1/13/07)
2007        Jan 12, State media said China will have 30 million more men of marriageable age than women in less than 15 years as a gender imbalance resulting in part from the country's tough one-child policy becomes more pronounced. In northern China an underground gas explosion struck the Niuxinhui Coal Mine in the province of Shanxi killing 13 people with 9 injured. Police in southern China arrested 10 farmers in Botang in the impoverished region of Guangxi embroiled in a dispute with a paper mill over pollution they say is killing their crops and fouling their water sources.
    (AP, 1/12/07)(AP, 1/13/07)(AP, 1/26/07)
2007        Jan 12, China and Russia blocked the Security Council from demanding an end to political repression and human rights violations in military-ruled Myanmar, rejecting a resolution proposed by the United States. South Africa sided with China and Russia.
    (AP, 1/13/07)(Econ, 1/27/07, p.47)
2007        Jan 12, East Timor and France signed non-aggression treaties with ASEAN member countries on the sidelines of the annual ASEAN summit in the Philippine resort city of Cebu. Both countries looked to strengthen ties with a bloc representing  a sixth of the world's people.
    (AP, 1/13/07)
2007        Jan 12, French authorities freed Mikhail Prokhorov, a Russian billionaire, following four days of questioning in connection with an investigation into a suspected prostitution ring at the swank Alpine ski resort of Courchevel.
    (AP, 1/12/07)
2007        Jan 12, The US Embassy in Athens came under fire from a rocket that exploded inside the modern glass-front building but caused no casualties in an attack police suspect was the work of Greek leftists.
    (AP, 1/12/07)
2007        Jan 12, An American man dubbed by local media the "butcher of New York" was sentenced to 38 years in prison for killing and dismembering his Honduran wife. Andrew Gole (49) of Long Island, NY, confessed to strangling and cutting up his wife, Martha Isabel Moncada (28) with an electric saw in May 2003.
    (AP, 1/14/07)
2007        Jan 12, In Iraq at least 19 people were reported killed or dead including 10 bullet-riddled bodies found in Baghdad and Khudr Younis al-Obaidi, an Iraqi journalist killed in a drive-by shooting in Mosul.
    (SFC, 1/13/07, p.A9)
2007        Jan 12, In Nigeria 9 South Korean pipeline workers and a Nigerian kidnapped in southern Nigeria were released with the help of a youth group.
    (AP, 1/12/07)
2007        Jan 12, Roman Abramovich, Russian oil magnate, was reported to have ordered a new yacht called the Eclipse. It was under  construction in Germany and was expected to measure over 525 feet, making it the largest privately owned yacht in the world.
    (WSJ, 1/12/07, p.W1)
2007        Jan 12, Russia reportedly agreed to slash the duty on oil exports to Belarus by 70% and Belarus will share with Moscow a substantial amount of profits from the refined oil products it sells to Europe.
    (AP, 1/12/07)
2007        Jan 12, A government official said Somalia's warlords have agreed to disarm and join a new national army. Violence in the capital brought home the challenge of restoring order in this fractious and heavily armed country.
    (AP, 1/12/07)
2007        Jan 12, In the tea growing region of central Sri Lanka at least 18 people were killed in landslides. The National Disaster Management Center said at least three people were killed and another 61,000 made homeless in south and central Sri Lanka in flash floods caused by heavy monsoon rains.
    (AP, 1/12/07)(AP, 1/14/07)
2007        Jan 12, A Darfur rebel group denied that it agreed to a cease-fire with the Sudanese government during a meeting this week with New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson.
    (AP, 1/12/07)
2007        Jan 12, Ugandan rebels pulled out of peace talks with the government, dealing a blow to already faltering negotiations aimed at ending one of Africa's most brutal conflicts.
    (AP, 1/12/07)

2008        Jan 12, America formally opened its new $174 million base at the south Pole. It took almost 20 years to design and build.
    (Econ, 1/19/08, p.89)
2008        Jan 12, In Half Moon Bay, Ca., the annual Maverick surfing contest was won by Greg Long (24), or Orange County, who split his first prize of $30,000 with 5 other finalists in a pact that netted each $9,500.
    (SSFC, 1/13/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 12, In Daly City, Ca., Jose Perez-Gonzalez, an illegal immigrant, broke into a house and beat a woman with a metal pry bar after she surprised him. The attack left the woman (78) blind. Perez was tracked to Guadalajara, Mexico, where he was arrested in November 2008. In 2011 he was sentenced in San Mateo County to 11 years and 8 months in prison.
    (SFC, 3/4/11, p.C3)
2008        Jan 12, In southern Afghanistan Dutch troops killed two of their own men during a nighttime battle in Uruzgan province, and separately two allied Afghan soldiers they mistook for enemies. About 1,650 Dutch troops were deployed in Uruzgan as part of the NATO mission there. 14 Dutch troops have died since their mission began last year.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 12, Greenpeace said its protest ship located Japan's whaling fleet in Antarctic waters and is pursuing it to stop the hunt for the giant sea creatures.
    (AP, 1/12/08)
2008        Jan 12, At Argentina's main airport frustrated passengers smashed ticket counters and threw objects at airline staff after the country's flagship airline canceled international flights for a 2nd day due to delays caused by a baggage handlers strike and a walkout by ticket counter workers.
    (Reuters, 1/12/08)
2008        Jan 12, In Bangladesh thousands of textile factory workers took to the streets blocking a major highway in the capital Dhaka, demanding a pay rise and overtime payments.
    (AP, 1/12/08)
2008        Jan 12, China’s state media reported that accidents in China's coal mines killed 3,786 people In 2007, a toll that is a marked improvement from previous years, but still leaves China's mines the world's deadliest.
    (AP, 1/12/08)
2008        Jan 12, Croatia’s Parliament approved a new coalition government headed by PM Ivo Sanader, who vowed to pursue Croatia's quest to join the EU and NATO.
    (AP, 1/12/08)
2008        Jan 12, Iraq's parliament voted to allow some former members of Saddam Hussein's Baath party to reclaim government jobs and said others could receive pensions but could not return to work. A US soldier died after a bomb struck his vehicle in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 1/12/08)(SFC, 1/14/08, p.A19)
2008        Jan 12, A leading Kenyan human rights group said some of the worst violence in the country's deadly disputed presidential election was the work of militias paid and directed by politicians. Maina Kiai, chairman of the state-funded human rights body, said that in response to attacks on Kikuyu, government politicians have recruited the Mungiki, a Kikuyu gang blamed for a string of beheadings carried out in Nairobi's slums this year. The EU, US and UN urged Kenya's feuding politicians to agree a peaceful and democratic end to violence that has killed 575 people since disputed December 27 polls.
    (AP, 1/12/08)(Reuters, 1/12/08)(WSJ, 1/14/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 12, A Macedonian Army helicopter returning from a peacekeeping mission in Bosnia crashed in foggy conditions, killing all 11 people on board.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 12, In Nigeria a speeding fuel tanker crashed and spilled its cargo in Port Harcourt, and as many as three dozen people were feared dead in the resulting fire.
    (AP, 1/12/08)
2008        Jan 12, In Pakistan security forces arrested 59 insurgents after they attacked police with rockets near the town of Ladha in South Waziristan.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 12, Gunmen smashed windows, burned buses and looted computers belonging to a private American school in Gaza before dawn, an attack officials believed was linked to President Bush's visit to the West Bank earlier this week.
    (AP, 1/12/08)
2008        Jan 12, Saudi authorities beheaded an Indonesian maid convicted of killing her employer. The Interior Ministry said the maid used a pillow to suffocate her employer Aisha Al Makhaled and then stole her jewelry in the southern province of Asir.
    (AP, 1/12/08)
2008        Jan 12, South African national police chief Jackie Selebi was placed on extended leave, a day after prosecutors announced plans to charge him with corruption over his links to a murder suspect. Selebi resigned as president of Interpol and planned to fight corruption allegations.
    (AP, 1/12/08)(WSJ, 1/14/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 12, Angel Gonzalez (82), one of Spain's most prominent poets and member of a literary generation known for its opposition to the dictatorship of Gen. Francisco Franco, died.
    (AP, 1/14/08)
2008        Jan 12, Taiwan's opposition Nationalist Party (KMT) won a landslide victory over the ruling DPP in legislative elections, dealing a humiliating blow to the government's hardline China policies two months before a presidential poll.
    (Reuters, 1/12/08)
2008        Jan 12, In Venezuela Commander Hugo Chavez, spearheaded the installation of the Founding Congress of the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV) at the San Carlos quarter in Caracas.
    (www.rnv.gov.ve/noticias/index.php?act=ST&f=31&t=58972)

2009        Jan 12, The US Senate said it will seat Roland Burris, the junior senator from Illinois.
    (SFC, 1/12/09, p.A8)
2009        Jan 12, The US slapped sanctions on people and firms linked to Pakistani scientist Abdul Qadeer Khan’s black market nuclear network.
    (WSJ, 1/13/09, p.A1)
2009        Jan 12, Minnesota officials said lab tests had confirmed salmonella bacteria in a five pound container of King Nut brand peanut butter. King Nut of Solon, Ohio, had recalled the product on January 10. At least 6 people had been killed and over 470 sickened nationwide in 43 states.
    (WSJ, 1/13/09, p.A2)(SFC, 1/20/09, p.A12)
2009        Jan 12, In El Reno, Oklahoma, a woman and her 4 children, aged 3-7, were found killed. Texas officials the next day arrested the mother’s boyfriend, Joshua Steven Durcho (25).
    (SFC, 1/14/09, p.A3)
2009        Jan 12, Sofa retailer Land of Leather filed for bankruptcy protection, becoming the latest British retailer to succumb to a downturn in consumer spending amid the global economic slowdown.
    (AP, 1/12/09)
2009        Jan 12, State media said China has shut down 91 websites for pornographic and other "vulgar" content, as well as a political blog portal, since announcing its latest bid to ensure Internet morality.
    (Reuters, 1/12/09)
2009        Jan 12, In China a Shanghai distributor of a popular brand of dog food said it had suspended sales of the product following reports that dogs who ate it had died from aflatoxin poisoning. This appeared to involve an imported product, Optima, a brand of dog food made by Nashville, Tennessee-based Doane Pet Care Co. It was not clear if the pet food sold in China was the US brand.
    (AP, 1/12/09)
2009        Jan 12, War crimes prosecutors in The Hague accused former Congolese vice president Jean-Pierre Bemba of using systematic rape to terrorize civilians suspected of supporting rebels during a bloody power struggle in neighboring Central African Republic.
    (AP, 1/12/09)
2009        Jan 12, Cuba published new regulations encouraging classic car owners to apply for taxi licenses and set their own prices for the first time in nearly a decade as the communist government turns to the free market to improve its woeful transportation system.
    (AP, 1/12/09)
2009        Jan 12, In Dubai Kabir Mulchandani, chairman of the Dynasty Zarooni development company, was arrested on charges of fraud and embezzlement. He was accused of defrauding investors of more than $100 million. He has been under investigation in India for the past 10 years by the excise department, directorate of revenue intelligence (DRI), enforcement directorate (ED), and income tax authority.
    (WSJ, 1/24/09, p.C3)(http://tinyurl.com/amevml)
2009        Jan 12, Fiji authorities rushed to deliver clean drinking water and other supplies to thousands of villagers who fled flooding from tropical storms. The storms left 11 people dead.
    (AP, 1/12/09)(SSFC, 1/25/09, p.E2)
2009        Jan 12, French teachers hurled shoes and other objects at police to protest President Nicolas Sarkozy's high school reforms, prompting police to respond with tear gas.
    (AP, 1/12/09)
2009        Jan 12, Germany’s coalition government approved a $67 million spending package to mitigate recession effects.
    (Econ, 1/17/09, p.52)
2009        Jan 12, In Greece 3 gunmen had grabbed Periklis Panagopoulos (74), founder of one of Greece's largest ferry operators, and his driver in the southern Athens suburb of Vouliagmeni. Panagopoulos was released unharmed on Jan 20 following a large ransom payment.
    (AP, 1/20/09)
2009        Jan 12, In Haiti Police Commissioner Philippe Jean Raymond of Port-de-Paix was poisoned after several million dollars of cash seized from the uncle of a prominent drug smuggler went missing.
    (Econ, 2/14/09, p.46)(http://tinyurl.com/dz7gcq)
2009        Jan 12, In Iraq a series of bombs targeted Iraqi security forces in Baghdad. At least 10 people died as Vice President-elect Joe Biden arriving in Baghdad following trips to Afghanistan and Pakistan.
    (AP, 1/12/09)
2009        Jan 12, Israeli warplanes pounded the homes of Hamas leaders and ground troops edged closer to the Gaza Strip's densely populated urban center, as Israel weighed a decision to escalate its devastating offensive. Militants managed to fire off at least four rockets. Gaza officials said the offensive has killed some 870 Palestinians.
    (AP, 1/12/09)
2009        Jan 12, Alitalia's board accepted Air France-KLM's offer to buy 25 percent of the company and become its international partner.
    (AP, 1/12/09)
2009        Jan 12, Kazakh PM Karim Masimov told his ministers to start personal blogs to get them closer to the people of the former Soviet state.
    (AP, 1/12/09)
2009        Jan 12, Mozambique authorities said torrential rains have killed 19 people in the past few days and that worse flooding may lie ahead.
    (AP, 1/12/09)
2009        Jan 12, In Nigeria Susanne Wenger (93), Austrian-born sculptress, died. She had been initiated as a Yoruba traditional priestess and was responsible for towering works of art in one of Nigeria's two World Heritage sites.
    (AFP, 1/13/09)
2009        Jan 12, In Pakistan the bodies of two men killed by Taliban militants for allegedly spying for the US were found in the North Waziristan tribal region to the south of Mohmand. The two were abducted a week ago as they attempted to flee with their families. Trucks and other vehicles blocked the main Quetta-Chaman highway, forcing about 100 trucks carrying NATO supplies to park.
    (AP, 1/12/09)
2009        Jan 12, Russia's state-run monopoly Gazprom announced it will resume shipping natural gas to Europe, where tens of thousands of homes and buildings have been left without heat in freezing weather.
    (AP, 1/12/09)
2009        Jan 12, In Somalia Islamist insurgents fired mortar rounds at the presidential palace in Mogadishu. At least 13 people were killed in 2 attacks. The United States circulated a draft resolution calling for a UN peacekeeping force to be deployed in Somalia to replace a small African Union force, but leaving the Security Council to make a final decision by June 1.
    (AP, 1/13/09)(SFC, 1/12/09, p.A3)
2009        Jan 12, In Sri Lanka heavy fighting was reported around guerrilla-controlled Mullaittivu district, with troops seizing a rebel administration base, a training camp and a bunker line.
    (AFP, 1/13/09)
2009        Jan 12, Taiwan's parliament voted through a controversial bill lifting a decades-old ban on casinos, despite protests that gambling could lead to a damaging decline in public morality.
    (AP, 1/12/09)

2010        Jan 12, The US National Safety Council said 28% of all traffic accidents are caused when people talk on cell phones or send text messages while driving.
    (SFC, 1/13/10, p.A11)
2010        Jan 12, In California a state commission voted unanimously to approve the most stringent, environmentally friendly building code standards of any state in the nation. The new code, dubbed Calgreen, will take effect next January.
    (SFC, 1/13/10, p.A1)
2010        Jan 12, In Georgia a disgruntled ex-employee stormed a Penske Truck Rental facility in Kennesaw killing 2 people and critically wounding 3 others.
    (SFC, 1/13/10, p.A11)
2010        Jan 12, Officials shut down a North Carolina port and urged people to leave the area after nine containers with highly explosive materials were accidentally punctured by a fork lift operator. The chemical involved is pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETV), a powerful explosive.
    (AP, 1/12/10)(SFC, 1/13/10, p.A6)
2010        Jan 12, Google's announced that it was considering a withdrawal from China, after what it said were attacks from China on human rights activists using its Gmail service and on dozens of companies.
    (Reuters, 1/13/10)
2010        Jan 12, Texas-based Apache Corp. said it made its sixth oil and gas discovery in the Faghur Basin play in Egypt's far Western Desert near the Libyan border.
    (AP, 1/12/10)
2010        Jan 12, Kenn Allan Davis (78), newspaper illustrator and mystery novel writer, died at his home in Placer County, Ca. His 8 detective novels featured Carver Bascombe, an African American private eye. The first in the series was titled “The Dark Side" (1976), co-written with John Stanley.
    (SFC, 1/19/10, p.C3)
2010        Jan 12, In Afghanistan protesters claiming that international troops destroyed copies of the Quran clashed with Afghan and foreign security forces, leaving six people dead in Helmand province's Garmsir district. Coalition troops saw a group of insurgents near a safe house preparing ammunition as well as insurgent mortar teams moving equipment and launched one missile in the Naw Zad area of Helmand province, killing the 13 militants. A French army captain died of wounds suffered a day before during an insurgent ambush in the Alasay valley east of Kabul.
    (AP, 1/12/10)
2010        Jan 12, China took new steps to control bank lending, ordering institutions to set aside more reserves in a move to avert a surge in credit that Beijing worries might fuel inflation or asset price bubbles.
    (AP, 1/12/10)
2010        Jan 12, The European Court of Human Rights condemned British anti-terror legislation allowing people to be searched by police without reasonable suspicion of wrongdoing.
    (AFP, 1/12/10)
2010        Jan 12, Guinea's wounded junta leader, Capt. Moussa "Dadis" Camara, arrived in Burkina Faso from Morocco to recuperate after last month's assassination attempt. One of his top opponents said the surprise move could help him avoid prosecution.
    (AP, 1/13/10)
2010        Jan 12, A powerful 7.0 earthquake hit Haiti and crushed thousands of structures, from schools and shacks to the National Palace. Thousands of people were believed dead and untold numbers were trapped. An estimated 3 million people were in need of emergency aid. The quake left over 200,000 people dead. Some 4,500 prison inmates escaped during the earthquake. By April they were terrorizing neighborhoods and fighting turf battles. The UN later estimated 222,570 people were killed and 300,572 injured. In 2011 a report commissioned by USAID contended that between 46,000 and 85,000 people were killed by the quake, far below the Haitian government's death toll of 316,000.
    (AP, 1/13/10)(SFC, 3/11/10, p.A2)(SFC, 4/8/10, p.A2)(Econ, 3/19/11, p.46)(AFP, 6/1/11)
2010        Jan 12, The Indonesian government, which has promised to stamp out corruption, was embarrassed by revelations that rich and powerful prisoners are living in luxury behind bars.
    (AFP, 1/12/10)
2010        Jan 12, In Iran Masoud Ali Mohammadi (50), a nuclear physics professor who publicly backed Iranian opposition leader Mir Hossein Mousavi in the disputed June presidential election, was killed when a bomb-rigged motorcycle blew up outside his home in Tehran. The government blamed the rare assassination on an armed Iranian opposition group that it said operated under the direction of Israel and the US. In 2011 Majid Jamali Fashi, charged with the killing of Mohammadi, went on trial. Fashi was also accused of cooperating with Mossad. On Aug 28 Fashi was sentenced to death.
            (AP, 1/12/10)(AP, 8/23/11)(AP, 8/28/11)
2010        Jan 12, Iraqi security forces locked down large swathes of Baghdad, seized hundreds of pounds of explosives and arrested 25 men suspected of plotting terror attacks possibly timed to coincide with the run-up to parliamentary elections in March.
    (AP, 1/12/10)
2010        Jan 12, Israeli police broke up the harem of Goel Ratzon (60), who was suspected of enslaving a cult-like harem of at least 17 women and 37 children. Ratzon, who's lived this way for two decades, denied any wrongdoing. He maintained the harem with 17 women in a state of near-total obedience in apartments in the Tel Aviv area. On Feb 14 he was charged in a Tel Aviv court with enslavement, rape, incest and other sexual offenses.
    (AP, 1/14/10)(AP, 2/8/10)(AP, 2/14/10)
2010        Jan 12, In Mexico druglord Teodoro Garcia Simental, known as "El Teo," was seized by federal troops when they stormed a seaside vacation home near the southern tip of the Baja California peninsula. He was accused of ordering massacres, beheadings and the dissolving of bodies in caustic soda.
    (AP, 1/13/10)
2010        Jan 12, Nigerian lawmakers voted to send a delegation to Saudi Arabia to discuss "issues of national importance" with ailing President Umaru Yar'Adua as protests mounted for him to stand down. Gunmen seized 3 Britons and a Colombian, shooting dead their police escort in the first major kidnapping for six months in southern Niger Delta. Gunmen soon demanded a ransom of 300 million naira (1.98 million dollars, 1.38 million euros) for the release of three Britons and the Colombian. On Jan 18 gunmen freed the 3 British expatriate workers and their Colombian colleague.
    (AFP, 1/12/10)(AFP, 1/15/10)(AFP, 1/18/10)
2010        Jan 12, In Papua New Guinea 38 people were killed and 18 others hospitalized after two speeding buses crashed head-on while trying to drive around potholes.
    (AP, 1/13/10)
2010        Jan 12, A web site linked to leading Polish daily Gazeta Wyborcza reported that Poland's tax office has levied a fine of 2.3 million zlotys ($820,000) on an unemployed woman for failing to pay tax on income worth at least 13.7 million zlotys she said she had earned as a prostitute.
    (Reuters, 1/13/10)
2010        Jan 12, Saudi Arabia said that 82 Saudi soldiers been killed and 21 are missing since November when it joined the fighting in battling rebels along the Yemeni-Saudi border.
    (AP, 1/12/10)
2010        Jan 12, In Sri Lanka Gunmen opened fire on a bus carrying supporters of the main opposition presidential candidate, killing one political activist.
    (AFP, 1/12/10)
2010        Jan 12, Novartis, a Swiss drug company, announced its decision to spend $24 million to secure exclusive licenses and options on drug delivery technologies developed by Proteus Biomedical, a California start-up.
    (Econ, 1/16/10, p.62)
2010        Jan 12, Switzerland's highest court ruled that $4.6 million seized from bank accounts linked to Haiti's former dictator Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier can be handed over to his family. The decision was not published until Feb 3. Many in Haiti considered that money to be stolen from public funds. Duvalier was ousted in 1986.
    (AP, 2/3/10)
2010        Jan 12, Yemeni military forces killed 20 rebels in a door-to-door sweep of the main northern city Saada and arrested 20 more in an operation dubbed "Strike on the Head." Yemeni security forces killed Abdullah Mihzar, a suspected militant, who was on a government list of wanted al-Qaida figures. 4 others were arrested in a raid on a house in the remote mountainous province of Shabwa.
    (AP, 1/12/10)(AP, 1/13/10)

2011        Jan 12, Democratic Illinois lawmakers beat a looming deadline and approved a 66% income-tax increase in a desperate bid to end the state's crippling budget crisis.
    (AP, 1/12/11)
2011        Jan 12, Idaho lottery officials said Holly Lahti (29) was the co-winner of the $380 million Mega Millions jackpot, the 2nd largest lottery jackpot in history. She will share the prize with Jim and Carolyn McCullar of Ephrata, Wa.
    (SFC, 1/13/11, p.A6)
2011        Jan 12, In Ohio Rev. Raleigh Trammell (73), former national chairman of the Southern Christian leadership Conference, was indicted on 51 charges that included grand theft, forgery and tampering with government records.
    (SFC, 1/13/11, p.A6)
2011        Jan 12, A winter storm that shut down much of the US South churned up the coast, dumping snow across the Northeast. In Connecticut more than 2 feet of snow had fallen in some places.
    (AP, 1/12/11)
2011        Jan 12, ITT Corp., which began making telephone equipment in 1920, announced plans to split itself into three publicly traded companies.
    (SFC, 1/13/11, p.D3)
2011        Jan 12, In Afghanistan attacks against the intelligence service and international forces killed at least nine people. A suicide bomber on a motorbike targeted a minibus carrying Afghan intelligence service employees. The attack left at least two people dead and wounded more than 30. Two roadside bombs killed four international troops. A fifth international service member was killed in an insurgent attack in eastern Afghanistan, and another died in the east from a "non-battle related injury. Afghan and coalition forces detained a Taliban operator in Behsud district of Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 1/12/11)(AP, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 12, In Australia floodwaters poured into the empty downtown of Australia's third-largest city after tearing a deadly path across the northeast, swamping neighborhoods in what could be Brisbane's most devastating floods in a century.
    (AP, 1/12/11)
2011        Jan 12, Brazilian authorities in Rio de Janeiro said at least 350 people died in three towns north of Rio following early morning mudslides.
    (AP, 1/12/11)(AP, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 12, Colombian police assisted by US drug agents captured Julio Enrique Ayala Munoz, the chief go-between linking the country's cocaine suppliers and Mexico's Sinaloa cartel. Munoz was wanted for extradition to New York on drug trafficking-related charges.
    (AP, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 12, A Danish cargo ship, the M/V Leopard, came under fire from pirates approaching in two skiffs. Since then, there's been no contact with the crew, four Filipinos and two Danes.
    (AP, 1/14/11)
2011        Jan 12, A Dubai court gave a three-year jail sentence to a self-professed African wizard, a blacksmith from Chad, who claimed he could make millions of dollars rain from the sky in exchange for a modest payment to genies.
    (AP, 1/12/11)
2011        Jan 12, In Egypt hundreds of Christians demonstrated near a Cairo slum, blocking a major highway and clashing with police following the Jan 11 shooting death of a Christian man.
    (AP, 1/12/11)
2011        Jan 12, Iran's opposition leader, Mir Hossein Mousavi, denounced the country's ruling system for being 'totalitarian' like the old Nazi and Soviet regimes, with lying to its people being its defining characteristic.
    (AP, 1/12/11)
2011        Jan 12, Israeli extradited to the US two suspected leaders of one of the country's most powerful crime families to face murder, drug and racketeering charges. US marshals escorted brothers Itzhak and Meir Abergil onto a plane to Los Angeles.
    (AP, 1/12/11)
2011        Jan 12, Ivory Coast security forces loyal to the sitting president, who is refusing to cede power, descended on an opposition stronghold and opened fire for the second time in as many days, only hours after opposition supporters had taken to the streets in protest.
    (AP, 1/12/11)
2011        Jan 12, Kuwait's PM Sheikh Nasser Mohammad al-Ahmad al-Sabah received a red carpet welcome on his first visit since Iraq's 1990 invasion of its oil-rich neighbor. Both sides pledged to redouble efforts to resolve issues from that conflict.
    (AFP, 1/12/11) 
2011        Jan 12, A Lebanese official said Hezbollah ministers and their allies have resigned from the 30-member Cabinet, bringing the government to the brink of collapse. 11 ministers of the March 8 opposition stepped down from the Cabinet over tensions stemming from a UN-backed tribunal investigating the assassination of a Former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.
    (AP, 1/12/11)(Econ, 1/15/11, p.50)
2011        Jan 12, Morocco’s interior minister said soldiers had turned a blind eye to the smuggling of weapons that were seized in the recent dismantlement of a terrorist cell with links to Qaida's North African branch. 5 Moroccan soldiers stationed in disputed Western Sahara were arrested for accepting kickbacks and allowing smuggled goods into the occupied territory.
    (AP, 1/12/11)(AFP, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 12, Nigerian authorities presented Keiti Sese, aka Commander Noumekeme, to journalists. He said he surrendered because he wanted to become part of the amnesty program, though it was unclear whether he would be allowed since deadlines to do so have long passed. His gang in Bayelsa state has been suspected of sabotaging Chevron pipelines, as well as involvement in kidnappings and the illegal oil trade.
    (AFP, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 12, North and South Korea restored an important cross-border communication channel, though South Korea still rejected North Korea's calls for talks to defuse high tensions.
    (AP, 1/12/11)
2011        Jan 12, In Pakistan US VP Joe Biden tried to dispel what he called common anti-American misperceptions while urging the government to fight growing religious extremism. A suicide bomber rammed his explosive-laden vehicle into a mosque in northwest Pakistan, killing 17 paramilitary soldiers and policemen.
    (Reuters, 1/12/11)
2011        Jan 12, Sri Lanka's government says five more people have died in widespread floods and mudslides, pushing the death toll to 18 from days of heavy rains.
    (AP, 1/12/11)
2011        Jan 12, Sudanese students demonstrating against rising food and petrol prices began 2 days of clashes with police in three towns in the mostly Arab north, including Khartoum.
    (Reuters, 1/15/11)
2011        Jan 12, Tajikistan agreed to give away a portion of its territory to neighboring China in a bid to put an end to a land dispute dating back more than a century. Foreign Minister Khamrokon Zarifi portrayed it as a victory, saying China had initially claimed more than 11,000 square miles (28,000 square km).
    (AP, 1/12/11)
2011        Jan 12, In Tunisia police and protesters clashed in the center of the capital, Tunis, bringing unrest to the government's doorstep after nearly a month of deadly protests that pose the most serious challenge to the president's two decades of iron-fisted rule.
    (AP, 1/12/11)
2011        Jan 12, Pope Benedict XVI named a new archbishop for the Catholic church in Haiti on the first anniversary of the devastating earthquake that killed the bishop's predecessor along with dozens of other priests, seminarians and nuns. The Vatican said that Monsignor Guire Poulard, bishop of Les Cayes, is the new archbishop of Port-au-Prince.
    (AP, 1/12/11)
2011        Jan 12, Vietnam’s Communist Party leaders acknowledged that rampant abuse of power is holding the country back, telling delegates during the opening of a key meeting that cleaning up corruption would help solve the country's economic woes.
    (AP, 1/12/11) 
2011        Jan 12, Yemen's president suspended his oil minister and the head of the national oil company over a fuel shortage that has forced people to queue at petrol stations.
    (AFP, 1/12/11)

2012        Jan 12, President Barack Obama formally notified Congress that he plans a $1.2 trillion increase in the US debt limit, prompting Republicans to level election-year charges that deficits are out of control.
    (Reuters, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 12, In San Mateo Ct., Ca., a prosecutor said Jo Ann Seeney (60), the former finance director of the San Mateo County Mosquito and Vector Control District and her assistant, Vika Sinipata (35), have been charged with embezzling over $450,000 from the agency from 2009-2011. Seeney had already been accused of embezzling hundreds of thousands from two previous employers. Sinipata pleaded no contest on Feb 25, 2013. On April 16, 2013, Seeney pleaded no contest to 10 felony embezzlement charges.
    (SFC, 1/13/12, p.C3)(SFC, 2/27/13, p.E3)(SFC, 4/17/13, p.E1)
2012        Jan 12, A Michigan judge ordered an 84-year old billionaire to jail after finding him in contempt for failing to complete a construction project at Detroit's Ambassador Bridge, the busiest crossing between the United States and Canada. Manuel "Matty" Moroun, an owner of the Detroit International Bridge Co that controls the Ambassador Bridge, along with company president Dan Stamper were booked at Wayne County Jail.
    (Reuters, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 12, Afghanistan, Washington and the Taliban condemned a video purporting to show US Marines urinating on corpses of insurgents. The troops in the inflammatory video were soon identified as being from the 3rd Battalion 2nd Marine Regiment, based at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. In southern Afghanistan a suicide car-bomber killed five people and wounded 10 others near Kandahar city. The dead included Fazludin Agha, the chief of Panjwayi district, his two sons and two bodyguards.
    (AFP, 1/12/12)(AFP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 12, The Australian military was rocked by more sex scandals, including allegations of assault, child porn, rape and drug-dealing within its ranks.
    (AFP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 12, Belgium's Catholic Church said that priests and clergy who abused children will be required to pay damages, even if victims make their claims after the country's statute of limitations has expired.
    (AP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 12, Bosnia’s parliament voted 36-2, with 3 abstentions, to approve Vjekoslav Bevanda, a Bosnian Croat and former regional finance minister, as prime minister.
    (AP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 12, Canada’s government abruptly argued that the same-sex marriages of many foreigners who wed in Canada are not valid, a move that stunned the gay community and could affect thousands of couples.
    (Reuters, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 12, DR Congo's influential Catholic church denounced "serious errors" in the tallying of November polls as the electoral commission announced a further delay in final vote results.
    (AFP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 12, El Salvador's government said it has received a formal request from Spain for the extradition of 13 former military officers accused in the 1989 slayings of six Jesuit priests and two other people. Two other officers were in the United States.
    (AP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 12, In Germany a 46-year-old priest, who has been suspended, went on trial at the state court in Braunschweig. The Roman Catholic priest has admitted to 280 counts of sexually abusing three boys over a several-year period.
    (AP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 12, In Honduras a decomposed, bullet-riddled body was found near the border with Nicaragua. The body of Santos Guadalupe Borge was soon identified as the purported leader of a shadowy Nicaraguan resistance group.
    (AP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 12, Israeli rights groups and parliamentarians criticized a court ruling upholding a law that prevents Palestinians married to Arab Israelis from obtaining Israeli citizenship or residency. Israel troops demolished an unauthorized settler outpost made up of 10 wooden huts in the southern West Bank.
    (AFP, 1/12/12)(AFP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 12, Hackers claiming to be from the Gaza Strip defaced the website of the Israel Fire and Rescue services, posting a message saying "Death to Israel."
    (AFP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 12,  Human Rights Watch (HRW) warned that Kenyan security forces were abusing civilians and Somali refugees in northeastern regions. The ICRC said it has suspended food aid to 1.1 million people in southern and central Somalia because of obstruction by local militia. Gunmen killed a local aid worker and his driver in central Somalia.
    (AFP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 12, Lebanese media and officials said the Lebanese army has detained a man on suspicion of collaborating for years with Israel's Mossad spy agency. Elias Younes, a retired employee of the state telecommunications company Ogero, was arrested earlier in the week.
    (AP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 12, Malian President Amadou Toumani Toure ended a 2-day visit to India. At the end of the visit a joint statement announced that India extended a $100-million loan to Mali for a power project, while Bamako promised to support the Asian giant's bid for a permanent UN Security Council seat.
    (AP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 12, In Mexico gunmen wounded a man outside a school in Ciudad Juarez. The victim ran onto the campus trying to escape, the attackers followed him and finished him off.
    (AP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 12, Myanmar's government signed a cease-fire agreement with ethnic Karen rebels in a major step toward ending one of the world's longest-running insurgencies and meeting a key condition for better ties with the West. Myanmar also said it will release 651 prisoners starting Jan 13 under a new presidential pardon, with anticipation mounting that many of those to be freed will be political detainees.
    (AP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 12, In Nigeria a national strike entered its fourth day with oil workers threatening to halt production.
    (AFP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 12, In Pakistan an American missile strike in North Waziristan killed four foreign Islamist militants. It was the second such drone strike in three days. Intercepted militant radio communications later indicated that Taliban chief Hakimullah Mehsud was among those killed.
    (AP, 1/12/12)(AP, 1/15/12)
2012        Jan 12, In Poland the Warsaw Provincial Court found retired Gen. Czeslaw Kiszczak guilty on charges of membership in an armed criminal group that illegally declared a clampdown and violated the freedom of many Poles in 1981. The former interior minister was given a two-year suspended prison term for his role in implementing martial law in Poland on Dec 13 1981.
    (AP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 12, Russia’s PM Vladimir Putin promised that his government will become more accountable to the Russian people if he wins a third presidential term in March as he laid out his priorities for the future on a campaign website.
    (AP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 12, Saudi security forces clashed with Shiite protesters in the kingdom's oil-rich east killing one person and wounding 3. The clashes came after demonstrations were held in four Qatif region villages to call for the "release of political detainees, reform and an end to sectarian discrimination. Most of Saudi Arabia's estimated two million Shiites live in the Eastern Province.
    (AFP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 12, In South Sudan hundreds of armed attackers from Murle ethnic group that suffered a devastating assault last month charged into three Lou Nuer villages, burned them to the ground and killed 57 people Uror county.
    (AP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 12, Speaking in Sudan the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Antonio Guterres, said Eritrean refugees are being kidnapped and sometimes killed by human traffickers. He called for global action against the crimes.
    (AFP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 12, Syrian authorities barred hundreds of activists from crossing into the country to deliver aid to victims of the Syrian regime's deadly crackdown on anti-government dissidents.
    (AP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 12, In Thailand gunmen shot dead journalist Wisut Tangwitthayaporn (40), a local newspaper owner and political activist in a targeted attack on the island of Phuket.
    (AFP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 12, A Thai navy patrol caught a gang of dog smugglers on the shore of the Mekong River in Nakhon Phanom province. At least 750 dogs were to be transported through Laos to Vietnam, where dog meat is a delicacy.
    (AP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 12, Turkish officials said a Russian ship, allegedly carrying tons of weapons, made a dash for Syria after Cypriot officials allowed it to leave their waters. The Chariot was ferrying cargo owned by Russia's state arms trader Rosoboronexport.
    (AP, 1/12/12)
2012        Jan 12, A Turkish court files charges against Britain’s Duchess of York for secretly filming orphanages in the country in 2008 for a British TV program.
    (SFC, 1/13/12, p.A2)

2013        Jan 12, In Florida nearely 800 people began month-long "Python Challenge" to deal with an infestation of Burmese pythons that were eating their way through a fragile ecosystem. Roughly 2,050 pythons have been harvested in Florida since 2000.
    (AP, 1/12/13)
2013        Jan 12, In Las Vegas Mallory Hagan, a 23-year-old blonde from Brooklyn, N.Y., won the Miss America crown after deftly dealing with a question about armed guards in schools and raising the issue of child sexual abuse in her contestant platform.
    (AP, 1/13/13)
2013        Jan 12, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo declared a public health emergency, giving pharmacists permission to administer flu vaccinations to more people as officials seek to stem the worst flu outbreak in that state in several years.
    (Reuters, 1/12/13)
2013        Jan 12, Three men from Utah died when their plane went down near Paris, Texas.
    (SFC, 1/14/13, p.A5)
2013        Jan 12, Four Chinese workers were abducted in Sudan's North Darfur region by unidentified gunmen. They were released on Jan 16. Eleven Sudanese workers who were abducted together with the Chinese remained hostages.
    (AP, 1/14/13)(AP, 1/16/13)
2013        Jan 12, The Czech Republic held presidential elections in a direct popular vote for the first time, choosing from nine candidates to replace euroskeptic President Vaclav Klaus. Some 61.3% of Czech voters cast their ballots. Former leftist PM Milos Zeman and Foreign Minister Karel Schwarzenberg appeared to be the front runners. With no candidate achieving a majority, the top two finishers would face each other in a runoff in two weeks.
    (AP, 1/12/13)(Econ, 1/19/13, p.55)
2013        Jan 12, An Egyptian court ordered a religious TV program hosted by a fiery preacher off the air on charges of libeling and defaming a well-known actress. It was one of three legal reverses suffered by Islamists today in cases dealing with the media.
    (AP, 1/12/13)
2013        Jan 12, In Egypt a dozen masked attackers fired birdshot late today at protesters who have camped outside the presidential palace in Cairo for the past month, wounding several along with security forces standing watch nearby.
    (AP, 1/12/13)
2013        Jan 12, In India police arrested six suspects in another gang rape of a bus passenger in Punjab state. Police also arrested a 32-year-old man for allegedly raping and killing a 9-year-old girl two weeks ago in Ahmednagar district in western India.
    (AP, 1/13/13)
2013        Jan 12, In Iraq Shiite demonstrators took to the streets of Baghdad to show support for PM Nouri al-Maliki's government, which has faced angry protests in Sunni provinces in a sign of growing sectarian tensions.
    (AP, 1/12/13)
2013        Jan 12, Kenya's President Mwai Kibaki vetoed legislation in which members of parliament gave themselves a hefty send-off package in a late-evening vote on the last day of session before national elections. The Salaries and Remuneration Commission said it was unconstitutional for legislators to set their own pay under the constitution the country adopted in 2010.
    (AP, 1/12/13)
2013        Jan 12, The Kenya Red Cross said at least 200 people have been killed in violence in the southeast since August in fighting that could be related to political tensions ahead of March elections.
    (AP, 1/12/13)
2013        Jan 12, In Mali French airstrikes overnight drove back Islamist rebels from Konna and destroyed a militant command center, as West African nations authorized the immediate deployment of troops to the country. At least 11 civilians were killed in Konna. A French pilot was killed after the Islamists downed his combat helicopter.
    (AP, 1/12/13)(AP, 1/13/13)
2013        Jan 12, In west Nepal a bus veered off a mountain road leaving at least 30 people dead and several more injured near Chatiwan village.
    (AP, 1/12/13)
2013        Jan 12, Northern Ireland police fought day-and-night street battles with Protestant militants as a protest march to Belfast City Hall degenerated into riots when many marchers returned home to the Protestant east side. 29 officers were injured.
    (AP, 1/12/13)
2013        Jan 12, In Somalia a French commando raid to free a captive intelligence agent, code-name Denis Allex, ended in the deaths of 17 Islamists and a French soldier. France said the hostage also died in the failed rescue, but the man's captors denied he had been killed and claimed to have seized a 2nd soldier. Allex was captured in Somalia on July 14, 2009.
    (AP, 1/12/13)
2013        Jan 12, In Somalia three Syrian hostages held by pirates were released after more than two years in captivity. They were the last to be freed of the 21 surviving crew of the ship MV Orna, hijacked in Dec, 2010.
    (AP, 1/12/13)
2013        Jan 12, Syrian troops captured most of Daraya, a strategic Damascus suburb used by rebels as a base to threaten key regime facilities in the capital.
    (AP, 1/12/13)

2014        Jan 12, The Cygnus cargo ship from Orbital Sciences delivered Christmas presents along with needed supplies to the Int’l. Space Station.
    (SFC, 1/13/14, p.A6)
2014        Jan 12, In Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber riding a bicycle detonated himself next to a police bus in Kabul, killing a policeman and a civilian in the first major attack in the Afghan capital this year.
    (AFP, 1/12/14)
2014        Jan 12, In Afghanistan Daniel Menard, a former Canadian brigadier-general and head of Canadian forces in Afghanistan, was detained for alleged gun smuggling. He was currently working for security firm Garda World. Menard had resigned from the military after pleading guilty in 2011 to having an affair with a female corporal under his command.
    (AFP, 1/30/14)
2014        Jan 12, In Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina was sworn in for a third spell as prime minister after a deadly general election boycotted by the opposition amid an ongoing political crisis.
    (AFP, 1/12/14)
2014        Jan 12, Central African Republic’s local Red Cross said scattered violence in Bangui, including two consecutive nights of intense gunfire in some neighborhoods, has killed 13 people since Michel Djotodia announced his resignation from the presidency on Jan 10. Rival militiamen struck a truce and hugged each other in a neighborhood of Bangui on the eve of consultations aimed at replacing the president who resigned under international pressure.
    (AP, 1/12/14)(AFP, 1/12/14)
2014        Jan 12, In Egypt hundreds of students supporting ousted Pres. Morsi battled security forces at three Cairo universities, two days before a referendum that officials say will be protected by a massive deployment of soldiers and police.
    (AP, 1/12/14)
2014        Jan 12, In western Germany a small jet crashed near an airfield near Trier and four people on board were killed.
    (AP, 1/12/14)
2014        Jan 12, A 2009 Indonesian law banning the export of unprocessed minerals took effect, with the government aiming to boost local operations and create more jobs and mining companies warning of losses.
    (AP, 1/12/14)(Econ, 1/18/14, p.64)
2014        Jan 12, Iran's foreign ministry said that the “joint plan of action," the landmark agreement the Islamic republic clinched with world powers on its disputed nuclear program, will take effect from January 20. Under the JPA Iran would freeze its nuclear program for six months.
    (AFP, 1/12/14)(Econ, 1/18/14, p.47)
2014        Jan 12, Iraqi PM Nuri al-Maliki threatened to cut central government funding for Iraq's autonomous Kurdistan region if the Kurds pursued a drive to pipe oil exports to Turkey without Baghdad's approval.
    (Reuters, 1/12/14)
2014        Jan 12, In Iraq two car bombs exploded in Baghdad killing at least 21 people. Government employees returned to work under tight security in Ramadi, but militants still held parts of the Anbar provincial capital and all of Fallujah.
    (Reuters, 1/12/14)(AFP, 1/12/14)(SFC, 1/13/14, p.A2)
2014        Jan 12, In the Israeli occupied West Bank at least 50 people were hurt in a clash between Palestinian police and residents of the Jalazoun refugee camp protesting against a strike in a UN aid agency that has paralyzed services.
    (Reuters, 1/12/14)
2014        Jan 12, In Libya assailants in Sirte gunned down a deputy minister Hassan al-Droui overnight, in the first killing of a government member since the 2011 overthrow of dictator Moamer Kadhafi. The toll from tribal clashes in the southern town of Sebha rose to 27 dead, with another 72 people wounded in the unrest.
    (AFP, 1/12/14)
2014        Jan 12, The leaders of Mali and Mauritania signed an accord to boost military cooperation and information sharing in the battle against "armed groups or terrorists" plaguing the west African neighbors.
    (AFP, 1/12/14)
2014        Jan 12, In western Mexico vigilantes seized a drug cartel's bastion  in the Michoacan state town of Nueva Italia, sparking a shootout as the civilian militia gained new ground in their struggle against the Knights Templar in the violence-plagued region.
    (AFP, 1/12/14)
2014        Jan 12, In Pakistan a bomb attack targeting an aide of the prime minister killed 5 people in the Swat Valley. The official escaped unharmed.  Hours later gunmen fatally shot Mian Mohammad Mushtaq, an anti-Taliban politician, along with two aides on the outskirts of Peshawar. Private guards working for the lawmaker, Abdul Rehman Khetran, attacked police at a checkpoint, beat them up and stole their weapons. Police then raided the lawmaker's fortified home in Baluchistan province and found a private dungeon at his home in which five people were found chained up. Khetran is a legislator for Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam, a conservative, religious party.
    (AP, 1/12/14)(Reuters, 1/13/14)(SFC, 1/13/14, p.A2)   
2014        Jan 12, A Saudi court sentenced to death an Al-Qaeda militant and jailed 10 others over the May 1, 2004, attack that killed six Westerners and a policeman.
    (AFP, 1/13/14)
2014        Jan 12, Syrian state media and anti-government activists said a mortar attack has killed at least 19 people in the central city of Homs. Activists said the al Qaeda-linked Islamist State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has executed dozens of rival Islamists over the last two days as the group recaptured most territory it had lost in Raqqa province.
    (AP, 1/12/14)(Reuters, 1/12/14)
2014        Jan 12, In Tanzania clashes broke out in the Embroi Murtangosi nature reserve in Manyara province, when armed Masai herdsmen launched an attack on farmers. At least 10 people were killed over the next few days.
    (AFP, 1/14/14)
2014        Jan 12, Thai protest leader Suthep Thaugsuban ruled out talks with the government in a published interview, but said he would stand down his movement if, as some fear, violence escalates and civil war looms.
    (Reuters, 1/12/14)
2014        Jan 12, In Ukraine an estimated 50,000 pro-Western protesters massed in the heart of Kiev amid swelling anger over the bloody beating of prominent former minister turned opposition leader Yuriy Lutsenko.
    (AFP, 1/12/14)
2014        Jan 12, The UN’s refugee agency said around 10,000 people have fled north to Sudan from South Sudan where government troops and rebels have battled for the past month.
    (AFP, 1/12/14)
2014        Jan 12, Pope Francis named his first batch of cardinals, choosing 19 men from Asia, Africa, Latin America and elsewhere, including the developing nations of Haiti and Burkina Faso.
    (AP, 1/12/14)
2014        Jan 12, Yemeni tribesmen tried to overrun an army camp on the outskirts of  al-Shihr, Hadramout province, killing 4 soldiers.
    (Reuters, 1/12/14)

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