Today in History - January 13

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532        Jan 13-532 Jan 14, The 2nd Hagia Sophia cathedral burned down in Constantinople during the Nika uprising, which failed leaving some 30-40,000 people dead. Justinian and his wife Theodora had attended festivities at the Hippodrome, a stadium for athletic competition. Team support escalated from insults to mob riots and in the end Constantinople lay in ruins. Justinian proceeded to rebuild the city with extensive commissions for religious art and architecture, including the new Hagia Sophia.
    (ATC, p.33)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hagia_Sophia)

1099        Jan 13, Crusaders set fire to Mara, Syria.
    (MC, 1/13/02)

1397        Jan 13, John of Gaunt married Katherine Rouet.
    (HN, 1/13/99)

1628        Jan 13, Charles Perrault, lawyer, writer (Mother Goose), was born in France.
    (MC, 1/13/02)

1691        Jan 13, George Fox (66), founder of Quakers, died.
    (MC, 1/13/02)

1733        Jan 13, James Oglethorpe and 130 English colonists arrived at Charleston, SC.
    (MC, 1/13/02)

1794        Jan 13, President Washington approved a measure adding two stars and two stripes to the American flag, following the admission of Vermont and Kentucky to the union. The number of stripes was later reduced to the original 13.
    (AP, 1/13/01)
 
1808        Jan 13, Salmon P. Chase, US Treasury secretary during the American Civil War and 6th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, was born. His picture was later put on the $10,000 bill.
    (HN, 1/13/99)

1813        Jan 24, Theodore Sedgwick (b.1746), former Massachusetts Senator (1796-1799), died. In 2007 John Sedgwick authored “In My Blood: Six Generations of Madness and Desire in an American Family.”
    (http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=S000222)

1830        Jan 13, There was a great fire in New Orleans. It was thought to be set by rebel slaves.
    (MC, 1/13/02)

1832        Jan 13, Horatio Alger, Jr., the author of more than 100 inspirational books for young people from the Civil War to the turn of the 20th century, was born the son of a Unitarian minister. Rejected by the Union Army because of asthma, Horatio Alger was a poet, teacher and newspaper correspondent before he eventually followed in his father's footsteps and became a minister on Cape Cod. Alger is best-known, however, for his books with rags-to-riches themes. In Alger's world, everyone, no matter how poor or powerless, could succeed through hard work, honesty and high moral values. His "pluck and luck" books of hope in the face of adversity were always bestsellers and almost every home, school and church owned a large collection. More than 250 million copies of his books have been sold worldwide. His books include "Ragged Dick" and "Tattered Tom."
    (HNPD, 1/13/99)

1842        Jan 13, In the 1st British-Afghan War British troops retreating from Kabul were ambushed and nearly all slaughtered at the Khyber Pass, even though the Afghans had promised them safe passage during their withdrawal from the Afghan capital. Dr. William Brydon, badly wounded, reached Jalalabad as the only survivor of a 16,000 person retreat from Kabul.
    (SSFC, 10/28/01, p.C8)(MC, 1/13/02)

1846        Jan 13, President James Polk dispatched General Zachary Taylor and 4,000 troops to the Texas Border as war with Mexico loomed. At the outset of the Mexican-American War, the Mexican army numbered 32,000 and the American army consisted of 7,200 men. The American army had, since 1815, only fought against a few Indian tribes. Forty-two percent of the army was made up of recent German or Irish immigrants. In the course of the war, the total U.S. force employed reached 104,000. In 2008 Martin Dugard authored “The Training Ground: Grant, Lee, Sherman, and Davis in the Mexican War, 1846-1848.” In 2012 Amy S. Greenberg authored “A Wicked War: Polk, Clay, Lincoln and the 1846 US Invasion of Mexico.”
    (HNQ, 2/28/99)(WSJ, 5/16/08, p.W8)(SSFC, 1/6/13, p.F6)

1854        Jan 13, Anthony Foss patented an accordion. [see 1850, 1852]
    (MC, 1/13/02)

1862        Jan 13, President Lincoln named Edwin M. Stanton Secretary of War.
    (HN, 1/13/99)

1863        Jan 13, Thomas Crapper pioneered a one-piece pedestal flushing toilet.
    (MC, 1/13/02)

1864        Jan 13, Wilhelm K.W. Wien, German physicist (Nobel 1911), was born.
    (MC, 1/13/02)
1864        Jan 13, Composer Stephen Foster (37), composer and American song writer, died in a New York City hospital. Ken Emerson later authored his biography.
    (HFA, '96, p.22)(AHD, p. 519)(AP, 1/13/98)(SFC, 4/23/01, p.E4)

1865        Jan 13-14, Union fleet bombed Fort Fisher, NC.
    (AH, 2/05, p.16)

1873        Jan 13, William Pitt Kellogg (1830-1918), American politician and carpetbagger, began serving as the governor of Louisiana and continued to 1877. He was the state's last Republican governor until the inauguration of David C. Treen in 1980.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_P._Kellogg)

1874        Jan 13, Battle between jobless and police in NYC left 100s injured.
    (MC, 1/13/02)

1883        Jan 13, Fire in circus Ferroni in Berditschoft, Poland, killed 430.
    (MC, 1/13/02)

1893        Jan 13, Britain's Independent Labor Party, a precursor to the current Labor Party, had its 1st meeting.
    (AP, 1/13/00)

1895        Jan 13, J.R. Seeley (b.1834), English essayist and historian, died. His essay Ecce Homo, published anonymously in 1866, and afterwards acknowledged by him, was widely read, and prompted many replies, being deemed an attack on Christianity.
    (WSJ, 12/8/08, p.A17)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Robert_Seeley)

1898        Jan 13, Emile Zola's famous defense of Captain Alfred Dreyfus, “J'accuse," was published in Paris. The open letter to French President Felix Faure accused the French judiciary of giving into pressure from the military to perpetuate a cover-up in the Dreyfus treason case.
    (AP, 1/13/98)(MC, 1/13/02)

1900        Jan 13, To combat Czech nationalism, Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary decreed that German would be the language of the imperial army.
    (HN, 1/13/99)

1906        Jan 13, The Golden Gate Hotel opened on Fremont Street in Las Vegas, Nev.
    (SSFC, 11/13/05, p.F4)

1910        Jan 13, Andrew Jackson Davis (b.1826), American clairvoyant, died. While in a mesmeric (hypnotic) trance, could allegedly communicate with the spirit world and accurately diagnose medical disorders. In 1850, in his book the “Great Harmonia,” Davis talks about how man evolved from animals and that evolution also took place in plants and animals up to man.
    (www.andrewjacksondavis.com/)

1912        Jan 13, A temp. of 40F (-40C), Oakland, Maryland, set a state record.
    (MC, 1/13/02)
1912        Jan 13, In Siam (Thailand) resentful army officers attempted a coup against King Vajiravudh (Rama VI).
    (Econ, 5/24/14, p.36)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palace_Revolt_of_1912)

1915        Jan 13, An earthquake in Avezzano, Italy, killed 29,800.
    (MC, 1/13/02)

1919        Jan 13, Jackie Robinson, baseball star, was born. He broke the apartheid ban in 1947.
    (SFEC, 10/4/98, p.B14)
1919        Jan 13, Robert Stack, actor best know for his role as Elliot Ness in the TV series "The Untouchables," was born.
    (HN, 1/13/99)
1919        Jan 13, California voted to ratify the Prohibition amendment.
    (HN, 1/13/99)

1920        Jan 13, A NY Times editorial excoriated Dr. Robert H. Goddard, and reported that rockets can never fly. In 1969 the NY Times belatedly apologized.
    (WSJ, 8/7/03, p.A1)

1923        Jan 13, Hitler denounced the Weimar republic as 5,000 storm troopers demonstrated in Germany.
    (HN, 1/13/99)

1927        Jan 13, A woman took a seat on the NY Stock Exchange breaking the all-male tradition.
    (HN, 1/13/99)

1929        Jan 13, Frontiersman Wyatt Earp died in LA, Ca., after an illustrious life in the West. Cowboy stars William S. Hart and Tom Mix served as pallbearers. Born in Illinois in 1848, he served as a lawman in Wichita and Dodge City, Kansas, as well as Tombstone, Arizona Territory, where Wyatt and his brothers Morgan and Virgil were notorious for violent clashes with outlaws. Western historians have disagreed about the particulars of Wyatt Earp's life, but he is said to have been a freighter-teamster, railroad construction worker, policeman, prisoner, saloon keeper and horse farmer, and he was involved in several gunfights--for reasons that may or may not have been related to law enforcement. When Morgan was killed, Wyatt avenged his death by killing Frank Stilwell, an outlaw he had previously arrested. Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp died and was buried in Colma, Ca. In 2003 Lee A. Silva authored Wyatt Earp, A Biography of the Legend, Volume 1, the Cowtown Years.”
    (HNPD, 1/12/99)(SFEC, 3/14/99, Z1 p.10)(MesWP)(CHA, 1/2001)(AH, 6/03, p.60)

1934        Jan 13, Rip Taylor, comedian (Gong Show, $1.98 Beauty Show), was born.
    (MC, 1/13/02)

1937        Jan 13, The United States barred Americans from serving in the Spanish War.
    (HN, 1/13/99)

1939        Jan 13, Five men attempted to escape the US federal prison on Alcatraz island. Kidnapper Arthur “Doc” Barker was killed by guards. He was one of the four sons of Ma Barker (b.1873), killed behind a machine gun by federal agents in Florida in 1935.
    (SSFC, 1/12/14, DB p.42)
1939        Jan 13, Jacob Ruppert, CEO of the NY Yankees (1915-39), died.
    (MC, 1/13/02)

1941        Jan 13, James Joyce, Irish-born novelist, died in Zurich, Switzerland. In 1983 Richard Ellmann authored the 900-page "James Joyce" biography. In 1999 Edna O'Brien authored the pocket bio "James Joyce."
    (AP, 1/13/98)(SFC, 12/9/99, p.B1)

1943        Jan 13, General Leclerc's Free French forces merged with the British under Montgomery in Libya.
    (HN, 1/13/99)
1943        Jan 13, The Canadian corvette Ville de Quebec rammed the German U-224 submarine, which sank in the Mediterranean Sea with 57 of its crew. German Lt. Wolf Danckworth was the only survivor. Years later Danckworth established contact with Canadian sailor Frank Arsenault, who was on the Ville de Quebec when it rammed the sub, and the two became good friends.
    (SFC, 12/25/10, p.C1)

1944        Jan 13, Three Reich plane plants were wrecked; 64 U.S. aircraft were lost in an air attack in Germany.
    (HN, 1/13/99)

1945        Jan 13, The Red Army opened an offensive in South Poland, crashing 25 miles through the German lines.
    (HN, 1/13/99)

1947        Jan 13, British troops replaced striking truck drivers.
    (HN, 1/13/99)

1948        Jan 13, T Bone Burnett, rocker, was born.
    (MC, 1/13/02)

1952        Jan 13, Cornelius Bumpus, keyboardist (Doobie Bros-Minute by Minute), was born.
    (MC, 1/13/02)

1955        Jan 13, Chase National and the Bank of Manhattan agreed to merge resulting in the second largest U.S. bank.
    (HN, 1/13/99)

1956        Jan 13, Lebanon and Syria signed a defense pact providing for joint retaliation against Israel if either was attacked.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1241)
1956        Jan 13, Lyonel Feininger (b.1871), American-German painter, died. His work included the woodcut "Kreuzende Segelschiffe" (1919) and the pen and ink wash "Three Ghosts" (1953). A catalog of his prints was made by Leona Prasse (1897-1984), late curator of prints at the Cleveland Museum of Art. Feininger published comics for the Chicago Tribune from 1906-1907.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lyonel_Feininger)(HT, 5/97, p.60)(WSJ, 1/10/07, p.D10)

1957        Jan 13, The Wham-O Company produced the 1st Frisbee. It was initially called the Pluto Platter.
    (SFC, 7/1/02, p.B5)(MC, 1/13/02)

1958        Jan 13, 9,000 scientists of 43 nations petitioned the UN for a nuclear test ban.
    (MC, 1/13/02)

1961        Jan 13, Prof. Ancel Keys of the Univ of Minnesota landed on the cover of Time Magazine for providing a solution to why middle-aged men were dropping dead from heart disease: eat less fat. This led the US government to its first set of dietary guidelines in 1980.
    (Econ, 5/31/14, p.76)

1962        Jan 13, Ernie Kovacs (b.1919), comedian and TV star, died at age 42 in a car crash in west Los Angeles. ''Nothing in moderation'' was his credo and appeared on his epitaph.
    (www.nytimes.com/1990/05/13/books/nothing-in-moderation.html?scp=4) (AP, 1/13/98)

1963        Jan 13, Togo’s first president, Sylvanus Olympio, was killed by a military junta led by Gngassigbe Eyadema (29). Eyadama suspended the constitution and instituted direct military rule. Nicholas Grunitzky succeeded Olympio. Gnassingbe went on to become the country's military dictator, ruling for nearly four decades during which time he celebrated the day of Olympio's assassination as a national holiday.
    (SFC, 6/25/98, p.A12)(EWH, 1st ed., p.1172)(AP, 3/3/10)

1965        Jan 13, The SF Warriors traded Wilt Chamberlain (1936-1999) to the Philadelphia 76ers for three players and $150,000 cash. The 76ers assumed Wilt’s $65,000 annual salary.
    (SSFC, 1/11/15, DB p.42)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilt_Chamberlain)
1965        Jan 13, Two US planes were shot down in Laos while on a combat mission.
    (HN, 1/13/99)

1966        Jan 13, Robert C. Weaver became the first black Cabinet member as he was appointed Secretary of Housing and Urban Development by President Johnson.
    (AP, 1/13/98)

1967        Jan 13, In Togo Lt. Col. Etienne Eyadama (29) led an army coup and overthrew Pres. Grunitzky. Eyadama suspended the constitution and instituted direct military rule.
    (EWH, 1st ed., p.1172)

1968        Jan 13, Hester & Appolinar's musical "Your Own Thing," premiered in NYC.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Your_Own_Thing)
1968        Jan 13, The U.S. reported shifting most air targets from North Vietnam to Laos.
    (HN, 1/13/99)

1973        Jan 13, In Bernardsville, N.J., Rabbit Wells (21) was shot a killed by a local patrolman. In 1998 William Loizeaux authored "The Shooting of Rabbit Wells: An American Tragedy."
    (www.amazon.com/Shooting-Rabbit-Wells-American-Tragedy/dp/1559703806)(SFEC, 2/8/98, BR p.5)

1974        Jan 13, Salvador Novo (b.1904), gay Mexican writer, poet and official chronicler of Mexico City, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salvador_Novo)

1976        Jan 13, Sarah Caldwell became the first woman to conduct at New York's Metropolitan Opera House as she led a performance of “La Traviata.”
    (AP, 1/13/02)
1976        Jan 13, Argentina ousted a British envoy in dispute over Falkland Islands War.
    (HN, 1/13/99)

1978        Jan 13, Former Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey died in Waverly, Minn., at age 66.
    (AP, 1/13/98)

1980        Jan 13, The United States offered Pakistan a two-year aid plan to counter the Soviet threat in Afghanistan.
    (HN, 1/13/99)

1982        Jan 13, An Air Florida 737 crashed into the capital's 14th Street Bridge after takeoff and fell into the Potomac River, killing 78 people.
    (AP, 1/13/98)

1984        Jan 13, Arizona inmate Robert Henry Moormann beat, stabbed and suffocated his adoptive mother, Roberta Moormann (74), who allegedly sexually abused him into adulthood. He was out of prison in Florence on furlough for another crime, the kidnapping and molesting of an 8-year-old girl in 1972. Robert Henry Moormann was executed in 2012.
    (AP, 2/29/12)

1985        Jan 13, A train plunged into a ravine in eastern Ethiopia and killed at least 392 people.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yznz8w)

1986        Jan 13, In Guatemala just before turning over power to Pres. Cerezo, Gen. Humberto Mejia Victores issued a blanket self-amnesty for acts committed during the 3-year rule of the military government.
    (SFC, 7/5/96, p.A13)(www.cidh.org/annualrep/85.86eng/chap4.a.htm)

1987        Jan 13, In Chico, Ca., Dr. William Chiapella (67) and his wife Katherine were beaten and stabbed to death in their home. In 1989 Steven Crittenden (21) was convicted of their murder and sentenced to death. In 2013 his conviction and sentence were tossed out because prosecutors had dismissed the only African American in the jury pool.   
    (http://tinyurl.com/qxd6lsq)(SSFC, 11/3/13, p.C5)
1987        Jan 13, West German police arrested Mohammed Ali Hamadi at the Frankfurt airport, when customs officials discovered liquid explosives in his luggage. The Lebanese man was convicted and served a life sentence in Germany for the 1985 hijacking of a TWA jetliner and killing of a U.S. Navy diver. Although convicted and sentenced to life, Hamadi was paroled by Germany in December 2005.
    (AP, 12/20/05)(AP, 1/13/07)

1988        Jan 13, The US Supreme Court ruled 5-3 that public school officials had broad powers to censor school newspapers, school plays and other "school-sponsored expressive activities."
    (AP, 1/13/98)

1989        Jan 13, New York City subway gunman Bernhard H. Goetz was sentenced to one year in prison for possessing an unlicensed gun that he used to shoot four youths he said were about to rob him. (He was freed the following September.)
    (AP, 1/13/99)
1989        Jan 13, There was a sit-in at SF General Hosp. by ACT-UP to call attention to the difficulty of obtaining foscarnet, a drug to stabilize CMV retinitis, a common AIDS illness that could lead to blindness.
    (SFC, 3/22/97, p.A13)

1990        Jan 13, L. Douglas Wilder of Virginia, the nation's first elected black governor, took the oath of office in Richmond.
    (AP, 1/13/00)

1991        Jan 13, UN Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar met with Iraqi President Saddam Hussein in a bid to avoid war in the Persian Gulf.
    (AP, 1/13/01)
1991        Jan 13, Soviet troops besieged the Vilnius TV tower and crushed a woman under a tank, but failed to quash the drive for independence. The assault claimed 14 lives. The Soviets occupied strong points in Vilnius, Lithuania, in an attempt to stop the independence movement.
    (Wired, Dec., '95, p.94)(DrEE, 9/28/96, p.1)(AP, 1/13/01)(LHC, 1/12/03)
1991        Jan 13, Forty-two people were killed in a brawl and stampede during a soccer match in Johannesburg, South Africa.
    (AP, 1/13/01)

1992        Jan 13, US serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer in a pretrial hearing pleaded guilty but insane in fifteen of the seventeen murders he confessed to committing.
    (www.courttv.com/trials/taped/dahmer.html)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1992)
1992        Jan 13, Edwin W. Edwards began his 4th term as governor of Louisiana and continued to Jan 8, 1996.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edwin_Edwards)
1992        Jan 13, Israeli, Palestinian and Jordanian negotiators began talks in Washington on Palestinian autonomy.
    (AP, 1/13/98)
1992        Jan 13, Japan apologized for forcing tens of thousands of Korean women to serve as sex slaves for Japanese soldiers during World War II.
    (AP, 1/13/98)

1993        Nov 13, President Clinton used his weekly radio address to make yet another pitch for the North American Free Trade Agreement, then flew to Memphis, Tenn., where he delivered an anti-crime speech to black ministers at the Temple Church of God in Christ.
    (AP, 11/13/98)
1993        Jan 13, American and allied warplanes raided southern Iraq.
    (AP, 1/13/98)
1993        Jan 13, The space shuttle Endeavor blasted off from Cape Canaveral.
    (AP, 1/13/98)
1993        Jan 13, Marine Pvt. 1st Class Domingo Arroyo became the first U.S. serviceman to be killed in Somalia.
    (AP, 1/13/98)
1993        Jan 13, Former East German leader Erich Honecker was freed from prison and allowed to leave for Chile.
    (AP, 1/13/00)

1994        Jan 13, President Clinton held talks in Moscow with Russian President Boris Yeltsin.
    (AP, 1/13/99)
1994        Jan 13, In Los Angeles, the judge in the Erik Menendez murder case declared a mistrial after jurors could not reach a verdict.
    (AP, 1/13/04)
1994        Jan 13, Authorities in Portland, Ore., arrested Shawn Eckardt, a bodyguard for figure skater Tonya Harding, and Derrick Smith in connection with the attack on Nancy Kerrigan.
    (AP, 1/13/99)

1995        Jan 13, The Johnson Grove Baptist Church in Bells, Tenn., burned down as did the Macedonia Baptist Church in Denmark, Tenn. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1995        Jan 13, Italy named Treasury Minister Lamberto Dini its prime minister. He pledged to resign after approval of a deficit cutting budget.
    (AP, 1/13/00)(WSJ, 10/27/95, p.A-1)
1995        Jan 13, Authorities in the Philippines said they had unearthed a conspiracy by militant Muslims to assassinate Pope John Paul II during his visit.
    (AP, 1/13/00)

1996        Jan 13, President Clinton paid a front-line visit to American forces in Bosnia, praising the troops as “warriors for peace.”
    (AP, 1/13/01)
1996        Jan 13, Nine Republican presidential hopefuls debated in Des Moines, Iowa, where front-runner Bob Dole and flat-tax champion Steve Forbes found themselves facing repeated, bristling criticism.
    (AP, 1/13/01)

1997        Jan 13, Supreme Court justices aggressively questioned both sides in a battle over whether a sexual-harassment lawsuit should be allowed to proceed against President Clinton while he was in office. The following May, the justices ruled unanimously that it could.
    (AP, 1/13/98)
1997        Jan 13, Seven black soldiers received the Medal of Honor for World War II valor; the lone survivor, former Lt. Vernon Baker, received his medal from President Clinton at the White House.
    (AP, 1/13/98)

1998        Jan 13, The National Football League completed a blockbuster $9.2 billion deal with the Walt Disney Co., which got to keep "Monday Night Football" for ABC and won the entire Sunday night cable package for ESPN.
    (AP, 1/13/99)
1998        Jan 13, Linda Tripp, a Pentagon aide, met with Monica Lewinsky while wearing a secret listening device, and recorded a conversation concerning Lewinsky’s 1995 alleged affair with Pres. Clinton. It was later reported that she had visited the White House over 3 dozen times after leaving her job there to work at the Pentagon in 1996. Tripp came forward with allegations that Lewinsky was planning to commit perjury in the Jones vs. Clinton case.
    (SFC, 1/22/98, p.A3)(SFC, 2/3/98, p.A2)(SFC, 9/12/98, p.A12)
1998        Jan 13, Three robbers stole $1.17 million at the NYC World Trade Center from guards delivering money to a currency exchange center. They returned to their Brooklyn neighborhood where neighbors reported them and 2/3 were arrested. The robbers were dubbed the blundering bandits after authorities said they removed their masks while under video surveillance; three suspects were arrested.
    (SFC, 1/14/98, p.A3)(SFC, 1/16/98, p.A3)(AP, 1/13/99)
1998        Jan 13, In SF four to five men robbed a jewelry salesman in Chinatown near 3 plainclothes police officers for some $2 million in jewels and escaped.
    (SFC, 1/14/98, p.A16)
1998        Jan 13, It was reported that scientists at Geron Corp. demonstrated a method to reproduce human cells without signs of aging. the process incorporated the use of the telomerase protein.
    (SFC, 1/14/98, p.A1)
1998        Jan 13, It was reported that bycatch (unintended catch that is discarded) from overfishing depletes the world’s oceans of 20 million tons a year, or roughly one of every four pounds caught. This wasted bycatch is equivalent to about 10 pounds of food for every person on Earth.
    (SFC, 1/13/98, p.A6)
1998        Jan 13, An Afghan Russian-made cargo plane crashed in southwestern Pakistan with as many as 90 Taliban militia and all were killed.
    (SFC, 1/14/98, p.C2)
1998        Jan 13, In Australia a federal court upheld the armed forces’ right to expel HIV-positive soldiers.
    (SFC, 1/14/98, p.C3)
1998        Jan 13, Iraq blocked a UN weapons inspection tem led by an American.
    (SFC, 2/24/98, p.A9)
1998        Jan 13, In Israel the Cabinet adopted a 12-page list of conditions for the Palestinians to meet before the transfer of any more West Bank land.
    (SFC, 1/14/98, p.C2)
1998        Jan 13, From Rwanda The government reported that 9 Roman Catholic nuns were killed last week by Hutu rebels near the Congo border.
    (WSJ, 1/13/98, p.A1)

1999        Jan 13, 60 Minutes II premiered on TV.
    (WSJ, 1/18/99, p.A16)
1999        Jan 13, Michael Jordan announced his retirement from basketball and the Chicago Bulls.
    (SFC, 1/13/99, p.A1)(AP, 1/13/00)
1999        Jan 13, President Clinton's legal team dispatched a formal trial brief to the Senate, arguing that neither "fact or law" warranted his removal from office; House officials sent the Senate all public evidence in the case.
    (AP, 1/13/00)   
1999        Jan 13, Lawyers filed suit against major garment retailers for inhumane working conditions for thousands of Asian women on Saipan, a US commonwealth island.
    (SFC, 1/14/99, p.A1)
1999        Jan 13, The expedition to reach the South Pole by Jon Muir, Peter Hillary and Eric Phillips, called in outside support for food.
    (SFC, 1/14/99, p.C2)
1999        Jan 13, An explosion on Smackover, Ark., killed 3 men working on a naphtha tank valve.
    (SFC, 1/14/99, p.A3)
1999        Jan 13, A KC-135 refueling tanker crashed while landing near Geilenkirchen, Germany, and 4 US airmen were killed. They were attached to an Air national Guard unit based in Spokane.
    (WSJ, 1/14/99, p.A1)
1999        Jan 13, Brazil was forced to allow its currency to slide and global markets fell in response. Gustavo Franco, head of the central bank, quit and was replaced by Francisco Lopes ('Chico'). Lopes announced a new trading range for the real between 1.2 and 1.32 to the dollar.
    (SFC, 1/14/99, p.A10)(WSJ, 1/14/99, p.A1)
1999        Jan 13, Dozens of illegal refugees on Crete went on a hunger strike to support their demand for political asylum. A boat that was to take them to Italy ran aground in a storm Nov 27. The refugees were Kurds, Indians and Sudanese.
    (SFC, 1/14/99, p.A6)
1999        Jan 13, In Kosovo rebels freed 8 Yugoslav soldiers after getting private incentives from int'l. officials.
    (SFC, 1/14/99, p.A11)

1999        Jan 13-14, In Moscow agreements were signed with Iraq to reinforce air defenses and upgrade squadrons of MiG fighters. The $160 million deal had been reportedly approved by Prime Minister Primakov on Dec 7.
    (SFC, 2/15/99, p.A10)
1999        Jan 13-25, Marvin Kalb covered this period of the Monicagate story in his 2001 book: “One Scandalous Story: Clinton, Lewinsky, and 13 Days That Tarnished American Journalism.”
    (WSJ, 10/22/01, p.A17)

2000        Jan 13, Bill Gates stepped down as CEO of Microsoft and handed the leadership over to Steve Ballmer.
    (SFC, 1/14/00, p.A1)(AP, 1/13/01)
2000        Jan 13, In Algeria the deadline for the surrender of Islamic militants expired.
    (SFC, 1/14/00, p.A14)
2000        Jan 13, In Brazil Mexican singer Gloria Trevi was arrested with her manager Sergio Andrade and Maria Raquenal Portillo on Mexican charges of corrupting Karina Yapor (17). Trevi became pregnant in May and rape was suspected. Brasilia federal police chief Paulo Magalhaes was removed from his post in October.
    (SFC, 1/15/00, p.A10)(SFC, 10/18/01, p.C2)
2000        Jan 13, In France a 50 member surgical team performed the world's first double-hand and forearm transplant at Edouard-Herriot Hospital in a 17-hour operation led by Dr. Jean-Michel Dubernard.
    (SFC, 1/15/00, p.A3)
2000        Jan 13, Serbian authorities charged 144 jailed ethnic Albanians with terrorism in Kosovo during 1999.
    (SFC, 1/14/00, p.D2)
2000        Jan 13, In Vitina, Kosovo, Merita Shabiu, an 11-year-old Albanian girl, was raped and murdered. On Jan 16 American soldier, Staff Sgt. Frank J. Ronghi (35), was charged for the rape and murder. Ronghi later confessed and was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 1/17/00, p.A10)(WSJ, 1/17/00, p.A1)(SFC, 1/24/00, p.A9)(SFC, 8/2/00, p.A14)
2000        Jan 13, A Swiss Shorts 300-360 airplane carrying Libyan oil workers to a refinery at Marsa el-Brega crashed off the Libya coast and at least 15 of 41 people were killed.
    (SFC, 1/14/00, p.D2)(WSJ, 1/14/00, p.A1)

2001        Jan 13, In Utah a small plane crashed into the Great Salt Lake and all 9 people aboard were killed.
    (SFC, 1/16/01, p.A2)
2001        Jan 13, In El Salvador a 7.6 earthquake hit near San Salvador. Some 1200 people were not accounted for in the buried Las Colinas neighborhood. The “slab earthquake” originated 24-36 miles below the surface. The earthquake death toll later climbed to over 840. Damages were estimated at $1 billion.
    (SSFC, 1/14/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 1/21/01, p.D1)(AP, 1/13/06)
2001        Jan 13, The Palestinian Authority executed the 1st 2 Palestinians ever convicted of collaborating with Israel.
    (SSFC, 1/14/01, p.D1)

2002        Jan 13, The off-Broadway musical "The Fantasticks" was performed for the last time, ending a run of nearly 42 years and 17,162 shows.
    (AP, 1/13/03)
2002        Jan 13, Pres. Bush lost consciousness briefly after he choked on a cookie while watching a football game on TV.
    (SFC, 1/14/02, p.A1)
2002        Jan 13, Treasury Secretary Paul O'Neill and Commerce Secretary Don Evans said on talk shows they had never considered intervening in Enron's spiral toward bankruptcy, nor informed President Bush of requests for help from the fallen energy giant.
    (AP, 1/13/03)
2002        Jan 13, Christian Michael Longo (27), wanted on charges of killing his wife and three children in 2001 and dumping their bodies into coastal waters off Oregon, was arrested in Mexico. Longo had fled the US and impersonated journalist Michael Finkel while abroad. Finkel was fired by the NY Times Magazine in February for creating a composite character in a story on child slavery in West Africa. In 2005 Finkel authored “True Story: Murder, Memoir, Mea Culpa.”
    (SFC, 1/15/02, p.A1)(AP, 1/13/03)(SSFC, 6/5/05, p.B2)
2002        Jan 13, Ted Demme, film and TV director, died at age 38 while playing in a celebrity basketball game in Santa Monica.
    (SFC, 1/15/02, p.A17)
2002        Jan 13, In India armed militants in Tripura state killed 16 and wounded 10 in the Singicherra area. The outlawed National Liberation Front of Tripura targeted Bengali immigrants.
    (SFC, 1/14/02, p.A6)
2002        Jan 13, Muslim scholars concluded a 6-day conference in Mecca and issued a definition of terrorism as: “all acts of aggression committed by individuals, groups or states against human beings, including attacks on their religion, life, intellect or property.
    (WSJ, 1/14/02, p.A12)

2003        Jan 13, Connecticut Sen. Joseph Lieberman jumped into the 2004 race for president.
    (AP, 1/13/04)
2003        Jan 13, The owners of FAO Schwarz filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
    (AP, 1/13/04)
2003        Jan 13, Rock musician Pete Townshend was arrested in London on suspicion of possessing indecent images of children. Townshend acknowledged using an Internet Web site advertising child pornography, but said he was not a pedophile and was only doing research for an autobiography dealing with his own suspected childhood sexual abuse; he was eventually cleared of possessing pornographic images of children.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2003        Jan 13, US warplanes struck an anti-ship missile launcher in southern Iraq. US planes also dropped leaflets over An Najaf, about 85 miles southeast of Baghdad. It was the 14th drop in 3 months.
    (AP, 1/13/03)
2003        Jan 13, It was reported that Iraq has experienced a dramatic increase in child cancers in recent years. Blame was cast on the US use of depleted uranium during the 1991 Gulf War.
    (SFC, 1/13/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 13, Dutch Foreign Minister Jaap de Hoop Scheffer took over as head of the 55-nation Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe for 2003. He said the Vienna-based OSCE would sharpen its efforts to improve border security and police cooperation and cut off the flow of cash to terrorist groups.
    (AP, 1/13/03)
2003        Jan 13, UN inspectors took their hunt for banned arms to science and technology colleges in Baghdad, and the top nuclear inspector said his teams' mission would take several more months.
    (AP, 1/13/03)
2003        Jan 13, An Indonesia court sentenced Ang Kiem Soei, a Dutch citizen of Chinese descent, to death for operating what police say was one of the biggest ecstasy factories in Southeast Asia.
    (AP, 1/13/03)
2003        Jan 13, Two Palestinians threw grenades at an Israeli bus in the Gaza Strip and were shot dead by Israeli troops, and an Islamic Jihad activist was killed in an explosion in the West Bank.
    (AP, 1/14/03)
2003        Jan 13, Protesters waved Puerto Rican flags and shouted "Navy get out!" as fighter jets dropped inert bombs over Vieques in what the Navy says will be its last round of training on the island.
    (AP, 1/14/03)
2003        Jan 13, Togo's Pres. Gnassingbe Eyadema, celebrated 36 years in power Monday with a military parade, a display derided by opposition groups as "a sheer waste of time."
    (AP, 1/13/03)

2004        Jan 13, The US Supreme Court endorsed the use of police road blocks as an investigational tool for finding witnesses to recent crimes.
    (SFC, 1/14/04, p.A3)
2004        Jan 13, A Human Rights Watch report said more than $4 billion in oil revenue disappeared from Angolan state coffers between 1997 and 2002, even as the country was struggling to recover from 27 years of civil war.
    (AP, 1/13/04)
2004        Jan 13, In Maryland a fiery explosion killed five on the northbound lanes of Interstate 95. A tanker carrying flammable material plunged off an overpass on Interstate 895, landing in the northbound lane of I-95.
    (AP, 1/14/04)
2004        Jan 13, Canada's PM Paul Martin met U.S. President George W. Bush officially for the 1st time. Bush announced that Canada will be allowed into a second round of bidding for contracts to rebuild Iraq.
    (AP, 1/13/04)
2004        Jan 13, The European Commission proposed an initiative aimed at creating a single market for services within the European Union (EU), similar to the single market for goods act of 1986. It came to be known as Bolkestein Directive after the Dutch Commissioner Frits Bolkestein (b.1933), who launched it. Trade unions opposed it. On 16 February 2006, the European Parliament in plenary session in Strasbourg voted in favor of a compromise proposal that went a long way towards meeting the trade union demands.
    (www.etuc.org/a/499)
2004        Jan 13, Joe Darby, a US soldier at Abu Ghraib prison, reported US abuses of Iraqi prisoners. Criminal charges were lodged against 6 soldiers on Mar 20. In 2005 Spc. Charles Graner was convicted on 5 counts of assault and sentenced to 10 years in a military stockade. Graner said he had operated under orders from superior officers.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Darby)(SFC, 5/6/04, p.A17)(AP, 1/13/05)(SSFC, 1/16/05, p.A1)
2004        Jan 13, Hostile fire brought down a U.S. Army Apache attack helicopter in Iraq, but the two crew members escaped injury.
    (AP, 1/13/05)
2004        Jan 13, In Mexico the 34-nation Summit of the Americas ended. The United States reached out to its neighbors on free trade and battling corruption, smoothing tense relations with Latin American leaders.
    (AP, 1/13/04)(SFC, 1/14/04, p.A1)
2004        Jan 13, In northern England Dr. Harold Shipman was found hanged in his Wakefield prison cell one day before his 58th birthday. He was convicted in 2000 of killing 15 patients and later was found to have murdered at least 200 more, mostly by lethal injection. He always maintained his innocence.
    (AP, 1/13/04)
2004        Jan 13, A Dutch high school student walked into his school's crowded cafeteria and shot Hans van Wieren (49), an economics teacher, point-blank in the head, fatally wounding him.
    (AP, 1/13/04)
2004        Jan 13, A senior Swaziland aide said King Mswati III has ordered nine palaces built within existing royal compounds to house seven of his 10 wives and two future brides. Some $15 million of his impoverished kingdom's national budget would be used on the project.
    (AP, 1/13/04)
2004        Jan 13, Thai and Malaysian military forces began joint land and air patrols along their jungle border for the first time since the 1970s.
    (AP, 1/14/04)
2004        Jan 13, In Tashkent, Uzbekistan, a domestic airliner crashed on approach to the airport. All 37 people, including the top U.N. official for Uzbekistan, were killed.
    (AP, 1/13/04)

2005        Jan 13, US baseball owners and players agreed to a more stringent drug policy. It would suspend first-time offenders for 10 days and randomly tested players year-round.
    (SFC, 1/13/05, p.A1)(AP, 1/13/06)
2005        Jan 13, The FBI said it may have to scrap a costly computer system overhaul.
    (WSJ, 1/14/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 13, The European-built space probe Huygens entered the atmosphere of Saturn's largest moon, Titan.
    (Reuters, 1/14/05)
2005        Jan 13, A Black Hawk helicopter crashed during a counternarcotics mission in the jungles of southwest Colombia, killing all 20 soldiers aboard.
    (AP, 1/13/05)
2005        Jan 13, Sir Mark Thatcher pleaded guilty to unwittingly helping to finance a foiled coup plot in oil-rich Equatorial Guinea, accepting a $506,000 fine and suspended jail sentence.
    (AP, 1/13/05)
2005        Jan 13, In Iran a malfunctioning heater in an Iranian school ignited a barrel of kerosene, touching off a blaze that killing 13 children.
    (AP, 1/13/05)
2005        Jan 13, In Iraq gunmen opened fire on a minibus picking up a Turkish businessman from the Bakhan Hotel in central Baghdad, killing six Iraqis and kidnapping the Turk, who reportedly ran a construction company that worked with U.S.-led occupation authorities.
    (AP, 1/13/05)
2005        Jan 13, In Iraq's western Anbar province 2 U.S. Marines were killed in action, and a soldier died near the restive northern city of Mosul. Gunmen killed three officials of a leading Kurdish political party in an ambush in the volatile northern city of Mosul.
    (AP, 1/14/05)
2005        Jan 13, In Iraq 28 prisoners held by Iraqi authorities for common crimes escaped as they were being transported by bus from the Abu Ghraib prison to another facility. 10 were quickly recaptured.
    (AP, 1/14/05)
2005        Jan 13, Israel's foreign minister said the planned sale of advanced Russian missiles to Syria will disrupt regional stability and Moscow should call off the deal.
    (AP, 1/13/05)
2005        Jan 13, Nepal's PM Sher Bahadur Deuba said he would call elections and intensify a crackdown against Maoist rebels after they turned down his offer of peace talks.
    (AP, 1/13/05)
2005        Jan 13, Palestinian militants killed six Israeli workers at a Gaza crossing. 3 Palestinian attackers were also killed.
    (AP, 1/14/05)(SFC, 1/14/05, p.A3)
2005        Jan 13, In Poland an anti-terrorism law that allows authorities to shoot down hijacked planes as a last resort took effect, part of efforts to protect the country from attacks similar to those of Sept. 11.
    (AP, 1/13/05)
2005        Jan 13, A Russian passenger plane with 10 people on board went missing on a flight over Siberia.
    (AP, 1/13/05)
2005        Jan 13, Saudi judicial officials said a religious court has sentenced 15 Saudis, including a woman, to as many as 250 lashes each and up to six months in prison for participating in a protest against the monarchy.
    (AP, 1/14/05)
2005        Jan 13, In Spain an explosion killed seven workers at a warehouse in the northern city of Burgos. A gas leak was suspected.
    (AP, 1/13/05)

2006        Jan 13, President Bush met with Germany's new chancellor, Angela Merkel, at the White House. German's security services faced the prospect of a parliamentary inquiry, triggered by reports that German agents in Baghdad had helped the United States pinpoint bombing targets on April 7, 2003. Foreign Minister Walter Steinmeier confirmed that Germany had 2 agents in Baghdad, who helped American with coordinates for non-targets.
    (Reuters, 1/13/06)(WSJ, 1/13/06, p.A1)(Econ, 1/21/06, p.49)(AP, 1/13/07)
2006        Jan 13, US attorneys general in 12 states said that the Bush administration's plan to ease rules on reporting legal toxin releases would compromise the public's right to know about possible health risks in their neighborhoods.
    (AP, 1/13/06)
2006        Jan 13, NBC's Nashville affiliate closed "The Book of Daniel" after the show, whose main character is a pill-popping Episcopal priest with a gay son and a pot-dealing daughter, drew thousands of complaints.
    (AP, 1/13/06)
2006        Jan 13, North Dakota State University's North Central Research Center, Basin Electric Power Cooperative and other partners described plans for a station in Minot to refuel hydrogen-powered vehicles using wind power.
    (AP, 1/13/06)
2006        Jan 13, The population of New Orleans was estimated at 40% of its original 460,000.
    (WSJ, 1/13/06, p.A1)
2006        Jan 13, Eldon Dedini, cartoonist, died in Carmel, California. His ribald drawings appeared in the New Yorker and Playboy magazines.
    (SFC, 1/19/06, p.B7)
2006        Jan 13, In the Bahamas the Compleat Angler Hotel on North Bimini Island was destroyed by fire. The hotel's owner Julian Brown helped the guests escape before disappearing in the flames to fight the fire. The hotel claimed to be a one-time writing headquarters for Ernest Hemingway and advertised room No. 1 as the place where Hemingway worked on "To Have and Have Not."
    (AP, 1/13/06)
2006        Jan 13, Bolivia's president-elect ended an around-the-world tour with a promise to respect foreign investments and vowed not to nationalize the Bolivian operations of Brazil's state oil company Petrobras SA.
    (AP, 1/13/06)
2006        Jan 13, A battle for livestock between Ethiopian and Kenyan nomads left 38 people dead in drought-stricken northern Kenya, in the remote village of Lokamarinyang, along the Kenya-Ethiopia border. The fighting killed 30 of the Dongiro raiders and eight Kenyans, all of them women and children. A drought that has impoverished some 11.5 million people in the area, most of them nomads, has exacerbated tensions between the tribes.
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2006        Jan 13, Maimuma Taal-Ndure, Gambia’s director of aviation, was arraigned on charges of economic crime, mostly related to the improvement of Banjul Airport. Taal-Ndure had resisted efforts transfer aviation agency funds to another government agency. Her case was dismissed following a trial that stretched over 18 months.
    (WSJ, 12/24/07, p.A8)
2006        Jan 13, Iran threatened to block inspections of its nuclear sites if confronted by the UN Security Council over its atomic activities. The hard-line president reaffirmed his country's intention to produce nuclear energy.
    (AP, 1/13/06)
2006        Jan 13, A US Army reconnaissance helicopter was shot down by insurgents in the northern city of Mosul, killing its two pilots.
    (AP, 1/13/06)(SFC, 1/14/06, p.A6)
2006        Jan 13, In Lithuania Mykolas Burokevicius (78), former Communist Party leader, was freed from Lukiskes Prison after serving 12 years for murder and other crimes.
    (AP, 1/13/06)
2006        Jan 13, Raul Anguiano (b.1915), Mexican painter, sculptor and muralist, died in Mexico City.
    (SFC, 1/17/06, p.B5)
2006        Jan 13, Mongolia’s Parliament voted to dissolve the government of PM Tsakhilganiin Elbegdorj.
    (AP, 1/14/06)
2006        Jan 13, A Hong Kong newspaper reported that North Korea's secretive leader Kim Jong Il is on a two-day visit to the southern Chinese province of Guangdong.
    (AP, 1/13/06)
2006        Jan 13, A local lawmaker said a US airstrike on a Pakistani village near the border with Afghanistan killed at least 17 people, including women and children. The American military said it had no reports of an attack. The provincial government said at least four foreign terrorists died in the purported US airstrike aimed at al-Qaida's No. 2 leader in Damadola. The strike destroyed three houses and killed 18 people. The US missile strike in Pakistan killed a relative of al-Qaida's No. 2 leader Ayman al-Zawahri and a terror suspect.
    (AP, 1/17/06)(AP, 1/13/07)
2006        Jan 13, A Philippine judge issued arrest warrants for four US Marines charged with rape, putting pressure on the United States to hand them over to Philippine authorities.
    (AP, 1/13/06)
2006        Jan 13, In southern Russia a bus transporting workers after their shift at a local factory collided with a train, killing at least 21 people and severely injuring five.
    (AP, 1/13/06)
2006        Jan 13, South Korea agreed to resume imports of some American beef, banned two years ago over fears of mad cow disease. The US government pressed South Korea to accept all US beef imports.
    (AFP, 1/13/06)
2006        Jan 13, Sudan rejected a suggestion by UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan that the United States and Europe help set up a possible mobile force in Darfur to supplement African troops now on the ground.
    (AP, 1/13/06)
2006        Jan 13, Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko said that his country should produce its own nuclear fuel for power plants.
    (AP, 1/13/06)
2006        Jan 13, Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez on blasted an attempt by the US to block Spain from selling Venezuela 12 military planes with American parts.
    (AP, 1/13/06)

2007        Jan 13, The North Carolina state attorney general's office agreed to take over the sexual assault case against three Duke University lacrosse players at the request of embattled Durham County District Attorney Mike Nifong. All three players were later exonerated.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2007        Jan 13, In SF the Muni Metro T-Third line began operations.
    (SFC, 1/13/07, p.B1)
2007        Jan 13, It was reported that Kink, a Web-based pornography distributor, had purchased the 1912 old armory building on Mission St. in San Francisco for $14.5 million.
    (SFC, 1/13/07, p.B1)
2007        Jan 13, In Huntington, W.Va, 9 people were killed in an apartment building fire.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2007        Jan 13, In McDowell County, W.Va., 2 miners were killed when a roof collapsed inside the Brooks Run Mining Company's Cucumber coal mine.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2007        Jan 13, It was reported that the Asian vulture had declined by up to 99% in the last decade due to poisoning from diclofenac, an anti-inflammatory drug for cattle. In 2006 India, Pakistan and Nepal banned the making and importing of the drug.
    (Econ, 1/13/07, p.39)
2007        Jan 13, In Afghanistan British marines, supported by Dutch and British attack helicopters, staged a pre-dawn attack on a mud-brick compound atop a barren hill where insurgents were thought hiding, setting off a battle that killed 16 suspected militants and one marine in Helmand province. US warplanes dropped 500-pound bombs.
    (AP, 1/14/07)
2007        Jan 13, ASEAN leaders meeting in the Philippines signed an agreement to regulate migrant workers.
    (Econ, 1/20/07, p.54)
2007        Jan 13, It was reported that thousands of birds had dropped dead over the past 3 weeks in Western Australia.
    (SFC, 1/13/07, p.B8)
2007        Jan 13, Bangladeshi police and soldiers arrested more than 2,500 people overnight and raided the homes of several political leaders after a new caretaker government was sworn in to quell unrest ahead of elections.
    (AP, 1/13/07)
2007        Jan 13, A Bolivian air force plane crashed in a southern state, killing all eight people on board.
    (AP, 1/14/07)
2007        Jan 13, In Canada groundbreaking took place in Calgary on the 58-story Encana tower, The Bow. In Dec 2008 construction was halted due to falling oil prices.
    (Econ, 1/17/09, p.40)(http://highriseconstruction.wordpress.com/2008/07/)
2007        Jan 13, China said Wang You-theng, founder of the Rebar Asia Pacific Group, left China for the US. You-theng had vanished earlier this month amid accusations he stole millions of dollars from his Taiwan company.
    (Reuters, 1/19/07)
2007        Jan 13, Pranab Mukherjee, India’s foreign minister, visited Islamabad to discuss Sir Creek and other disputes. 2 days later Indian and Pakistani surveyors began mapping the creek in preparation for settling their maritime border there.
    (Econ, 1/20/07, p.52)
2007        Jan 13, In Iraq at least 11 people were killed or found dead, including a Sunni cleric who was shot to death near his home in Samarra, 60 miles north of Baghdad and five who were slain in separate attacks in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 1/13/07)
2007        Jan 13, An Italian military tribunal gave life sentences in absentia to 10 German former SS men for massacring about 800 Italian villagers in 1944. They had laid waste to the villages of Marzabotto, Grizzana and Vado di Monzuno near Bologna, as the Germans retreated before Allied troops.
    (Reuters, 1/14/07)
2007        Jan 13, It was reported that swarms of locusts had descended on the Mexican state of Yucatan and threatened over 12,000 acres of vegetation.
    (SFC, 1/13/07, p.B8)
2007        Jan 13, Suspected avian influenza was recorded in northern Nigeria's Sokoto State, a day after the disease reportedly infected 5,000 birds in nearby Kastina state.
    (AP, 1/14/07)
2007        Jan 13, Somali lawmakers authorized the government to declare martial law as the country's internationally recognized leaders struggled to assert their authority after battling an Islamic movement that had controlled much of southern Somalia.
    (AP, 1/13/07)
2007        Jan 13, In southern Thailand a Buddhist man and his wife were working at a rubber plantation in Yala province when a group attacked them, shooting the man three times in the chest before beheading him and killing his wife. Another Buddhist was killed in a drive-by shooting in a separate attack in Yala. The Islamic insurgency, that flared in January 2004, has killed more than 1,900 people.
    (AP, 1/14/07)

2008        Jan 13, The NY Times reported that at least 121 Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans have committed a killing or been charged in one in the US after returning from combat.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 13, Ken Kelley (58), former editor of the Ann Arbor Argus and the SF-based SunDance magazine, died in Pleasanton, Ca.
    (http://hotweir.blogspot.com/2008/01/goodbye-to-my-friend-ken-kelley.html)(SFC, 4/22/08, p.B3)(http://bentley.umich.edu/exhibits/sinclair/)
2008        Jan 13, In Abu Dhabi, UAR, President Bush said that Iran is threatening the security of the world, and that the United States and Arab allies must join together to confront the danger "before it's too late."
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 13, William Wood, US ambassador to Afghanistan, flew to Musa Qala, previously held by the Taliban in the heart of the world's largest poppy-growing region, and told with Mullah Abdul Salaam, the ex-militant commander now in charge there, that Afghans must stop "producing poison." In southern Afghanistan Taliban militants killed eight officers in an attack on a police checkpoint in Kandahar province. A suicide bomber killed another policeman and wounded eight other people when he blew himself up in a housing compound in the town of Lashkar Gah in neighboring Helmand province.
    (AP, 1/13/08)(AP, 1/14/08)
2008        Jan 13, Two young adventurers completed a 62-day paddle of more than 2,000 miles to become the first people to travel from Australia to New Zealand by kayak.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 13, In Chile Patricia Troncoso (39), an imprisoned Indian-rights activist who has been on a hunger strike for 93 days, was sent to a hospital because of her deteriorating condition. Troncoso, imprisoned in 2002, is serving a 10-year sentence for participating in a group that set a fire on a farm claimed by Mapuche Indian activists who say the property belonged to their ancestors.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 13, China took aim at price manipulators and hoarders of goods, as Beijing ramped up its campaign to rein in inflation which is running at its highest level in more than a decade. The government said it has closed more than 11,000 small coal mines as part of a two-year-old safety crackdown aimed at stemming the industry's high death toll.
    (Reuters, 1/13/08)(AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 13, Delegation chief Kambasu Ngeze said at a Congolese peace conference that renegade general Laurent Nkunda's Kivu movement vowed to continue its armed struggle "with neither remorse nor regret."
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 13, French President Nicolas Sarkozy confirmed plans to sign a nuclear cooperation agreement with the United Arab Emirates amid reports French firms could construct up to two nuclear reactors there.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 13, In Georgia tens of thousands of opposition supporters rallied in Tbilisi to protest what they denounced as massive vote fraud that helped US-allied Mikhail Saakashvili win a second presidential term.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 13, Indian PM Manmohan Singh arrived in Beijing for a three-day visit aimed at boosting sometimes strained relations between the two Asian giants.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 13, In Iraq several Shiite and Sunni political factions united to pressure Kurds over control of oil and the future of Kirkuk, which the Kurds wished to annex.
    (SFC, 1/14/08, p.A19)
2008        Jan 13, Irish PM Bertie Ahern arrived in Cape Town as part of a five-day visit to South Africa and Tanzania.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 13, King Abdullah II of Jordan arrived on a three-day official visit to Morocco. Talks between King Abdullah II and Morocco's King Mohammed VI focused on revitalizing trade between Amman and Rabat.
    (AFP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 13, A UN humanitarian agency said floods in Mozambique have killed about 50 people and displaced tens of thousands.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2008        Jan 13, In Sri Lanka Japan's peace envoy opened talks, hinting international donors may hold back much-needed foreign aid if the island's decades-long ethnic conflict escalates. Government soldiers crossed the front lines, destroying three bunkers and killing six rebels. Troops killed a 7th insurgent when he went to inspect the front lines north of rebel-held territory.
    (AP, 1/13/08)(AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 13, In Thailand six suspected militants escaped in a jailbreak.
    (AP, 1/15/08)

2009        Jan 13, President George W. Bush declared his administration had achieved "a good, solid" record and gave thanks to both his closest aides and Americans across the country.
    (AP, 1/13/09)
2009        Jan 13, The Pentagon said that 61 former detainees from its military prison camp at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, appear to have returned to terrorism since their release from custody.
    (Reuters, 1/14/09)
2009        Jan 13, The city of Los Angeles, plagued by 23,000 violent gang crimes since 2004, including 784 murders and 12,000 felony assaults, announced that it had won its first civil judgment, for $5 million, against a criminal gang that had dominated the heroin trade downtown for decades.
    (CSM, 1/15/09)(http://tinyurl.com/85n3cl)
2009        Jan 13, Citigroup announced that it will spin off its SmithBarney retail brokerage into a joint venture with Morgan Stanley. Plans were also afoot for Citigroup to shrink by a third.
    (WSJ, 1/14/09, p.A1)
2009        Jun 13, The Detroit-area band Champagne Saints, comprised of Marius Polikaitis, Saulius Polteraitis, Jide Mbanefo, Paul Juska and Tadas Kasputis, held a CD release party for Throwing Hail Marys at the Pike Room at the Crofoot in Pontiac. Their 2nd album “Sparkle, Darker” came out in 2012.
    (http://voices.yahoo.com/champagne-saints-throw-cd-release-party-3498131.html)
2009        Jan 13, Patrick McGoohan (b.1928), Emmy winning TV and film actor, died. He created and starred in the cult classic TV show “The Prisoner” (1967). The British show premiered in the US in 1968.
    (SFC, 1/15/09, p.A2)
2009        Jan 13, Nancy Bird-Walton (93), Australian aviation pioneer, died from natural causes. She was the first woman in Australia to operate a commercial aircraft. Sir Charles Kingsford-Smith, the first man to fly across the mid-Pacific, taught Watson how to fly in 1933, when she was just 17 years old. Two years later, she obtained a commercial pilot's license and began taking paying passengers for joyrides around the country.
    (AP, 1/13/09)
2009        Jan 13, In Austria Umar Israilov (27), a Chechen refugee, was shot dead on a Vienna street. Officials said they had no proof the killing was political, but human rights activists said his death was linked to his opposition to Chechnya's pro-Moscow president. On Jan 28 Austrian authorities arrested seven suspects, all Chechens, in the killing. On February 19 Polish police arrested Turpal Ali J. (31), a man suspected of killing Israilov. In 2010 Austrian investigators concluded that Chechnya Pres. Ramzan Kadyrov ordered the kidnapping of one of his critics and former bodyguards and that Israilov was shot to death when the abduction went awry.  In 2011 an Austrian prosecutor sought life sentences for three Russian men on charges they carried out the murder of the Israilov.
    (AP, 1/28/09)(AP, 2/22/09)(AP, 4/27/10)(AP, 6/1/11)
2009        Jan 13, China's government reported that exports fell at their fastest rate in a decade as the country's trade slump worsened again in December, a decline that's led to masses of layoffs and growing fears of social unrest.
    (AP, 1/13/09)
2009        Jan 13, Ethiopia handed over security duties in neighboring Somalia to a joint force of Somali government security forces and Islamic militiamen, a shift some fear will leave a power vacuum in the lawless African nation.
    (AP, 1/13/09)
2009        Jan 13, Iran’s judiciary announced that 2 men were stoned to death last month for adultery.
    (WSJ, 1/14/09, p.A1)
2009        Jan 13, Israeli ground troops closed in on downtown Gaza City, battling Palestinian militants in the streets of a densely populated neighborhood, destroying dozens of homes and sending terrified residents running for cover as gunfire and explosions echoed in the distance. Some 15 rockets and mortar shells were fired toward Israel, causing no injuries. Egyptian mediators pushed the militant Palestinian Hamas group to accept a truce proposal for the embattled Gaza Strip in talks. The UN secretary-general headed to the region to join the multitrack diplomatic efforts for a cease-fire in Israel’s 18-day offensive, in which more than 900 Palestinians have been killed, half of them civilians.
    (AP, 1/13/09)
2009        Jan 13, In Latvia a protest against economic reforms that drew thousands in Riga turned violent as small pockets of rioters clashed with police and attacked government buildings.
    (AP, 1/13/09)
2009        Jan 13, Pirates attacked a Norwegian cable ship off the coast of Nigeria but failed to seize the boat despite gunfire, leaving the crew of 52 unhurt.
    (AFP, 1/13/09)
2009        Jan 13, Russia and Ukraine hotly blamed each other as Russia restarted natural gas supplies but little or no gas flowed toward Europe. EU officials watched in dismay and criticized both nations for their intransigence.
    (AP, 1/13/09)
2009        Jan 13, A Russian warship helped foil an attack on a Dutch container ship by suspected Somali pirates in the dangerous Gulf of Aden.
    (AP, 1/14/09)
2009        Jan 13, Sudanese army planes bombed near Muhajiriya in south Darfur, targeting rebels who had rejected a 2006 peace agreement and the unconditional ceasefire declared by Bashir last year.
    (AP, 1/14/09)
2009        Jan 13, Swedish truck maker AB Volvo said it will lay off more than 1,600 employees in Sweden as it slows production amid falling demand for trucks.
    (AP, 1/13/09)
2009        Jan 13, The WHO said Zimbabwe's cholera epidemic has killed more than 2,000 people and almost 40,000 have contracted the normally preventable disease in Africa's worst outbreak in nearly a decade.
    (Reuters, 1/13/09)

2010        Jan 13, US hearings began by the 10-member Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission to investigate at least 22 potential causes of the financial crisis.
    (Econ, 1/9/10, p.33)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Financial_Crisis_Inquiry_Commission)
2010        Jan 13, Wall Street executives said they underestimated the severity of the 2008 financial crisis and apologized for risky behavior and poor decisions. They also defended their bonus and compensation practices to a skeptical commission investigating what caused the collapse.
    (AP, 1/13/10)
2010        Jan 13, In the SF Bay Area aspiring bass player Dewey Tucker (24) of Vallejo, Ca., was shot a killed on I-80 near Crockett. A year later 4 suspected gang members from Santa Rosa were arrested for his murder. They included Raul Vega (19), the suspected shooter, Christopher Mancinas (29), Hector Barragan (28) and Javier Lopez (20).
    (SFC, 1/13/11, p.C3)
2010        Jan 13, Prosecutors in New York City said that, after a series of hung juries, they would not seek a 5th retrial against John “Junior” Gotti on charges that he ordered several murders.
    (SSFC, 1/17/10, p.A14)
2010        Jan 13, In Florida a 3-day state-coordinated hunt began to track down invasive pythons. It was feared that the African rock python would begin breeding with the Burmese python, which has already gained a foothold in the Everglades, and produce a new “super snake.” 
    (SFC, 1/15/10, p.A8)
2010        Jan 13, In Seattle, Washington Tohru Shigemura (71), a Japanese psychiatrist traveling the world as a big game hunter, was charged in connection with smuggling black bear gall bladders. He had pretended to be a US citizen to buy guns, which he used to kill 6 black bears in and around the Quinault Indian Reservation.
    (SFC, 1/14/10, p.A4)
2010        Jan 13, R&B singer Teddy Pendergrass (b.1950) died of colon cancer. He was one of the most electric and successful figures in music until a 1982 car crash left him in a wheelchair.
    (AP, 1/14/10)
2010        Jan 13, Edgar Vos (78), "the emperor of Dutch fashion," died of a heart attack while on vacation in Florida. Vos built a chain of 15 stores across the Netherlands, where he sold designer clothes cut to bring out the best from all figures and tailored to most budgets.
    (AP, 1/14/10)
2010        Jan 13, In Afghanistan 2 US soldiers, a French trooper and 5 Afghans were killed in bomb blasts. The United Nations reported that 2,412 Afghan civilians killed in 2009, the highest toll since the US-led invasion in late 2001. Four would-be suicide bombers were killed in a premature explosion near the city of Kandahar.
    (AFP, 1/13/10)(AP, 1/14/10)
2010        Jan 13, The head of Algeria's national oil corporation Sonatrach was suspended from his job and ordered to appear before investigators probing corruption. Mohamed Meziane was replaced in his job by vice-president Abdelhafid Feghouli.
    (AFP, 1/15/10)
2010        Jan 13, Heavy snow hit central London as a fresh whiteout covered much of the country, forcing airports to close as businesses counted the cost of the worst winter in decades.
    (AFP, 1/13/10)
2010        Jan 13, Britain’s Huddersfield University launched an investigation after its students allegedly started an Internet craze for a Hitler drinking game. The original page on the social networking site had nearly 12,000 members but has now been shut down, although another similar page has since been set up.
    (AFP, 1/13/10)
2010        Jan 13, Major Inuit organizations said Canada's Inuit people have filed a lawsuit against the European Union in a bid to overturn an EU ban on imports of seal products. The EU ban was imposed in July after decades of protests from animal activists, who said the annual seal hunt was cruel and inhumane. The ban will go into effect in time for the 2010 hunting season.
    (Reuters, 1/13/10)
2010        Jan 13, Amnesty Int’l. said the Czech Republic is defying a European court by continuing to place thousands of healthy Gypsy children in schools for the mentally disabled.
    (SFC, 1/14/10, p.A2)
2010        Jan 13, Ethiopia’s biggest hydroelectric dam was opened by PM Meles Zenawi and Italian Foreign Minister Franco Frattini. The Gilegel Gibe II dam was financed by Italy.
    (AFP, 1/14/10)
2010        Jan 13, In France a Chinese student (26) stabbed to death a 49-year-old secretary and wounded three teachers in an attack at a university in the southern town of Perpignan.
    (AFP, 1/13/10)
2010        Jan 13, In Indonesia hundreds people pelted each other with stones outside parliament as lawmakers grilled Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati over a controversial bank bailout. Some 400 anti-graft protesters from rival groups set upon each other in the latest sign of mounting anger over pervasive corruption.
    (AFP, 1/13/10)
2010        Jan 13, Iraqi police arrested Khalid al-Khonfisi, a man wanted for his alleged involvement with al-Qaida in Iraq. He was captured in a police raid of his hideout near Jurf al-Sakhar, about 43 miles south of Baghdad. A water truck loaded with explosives was detonated in a suicide attack in Saqlawiya, Anbar province, killing 7 people.
    (AP, 1/14/10)(SFC, 1/14/10, p.A2)
2010        Jan 13, Japanese prosecutors raided the fund-raising office of ruling party kingpin Ichiro Ozawa over a widening money scandal, dealing a fresh blow to the troubled government.
    (AP, 1/13/10)
2010        Jan 13, In Lebanon a bomb apparently meant for a Hezbollah figure went off in the village of Kfar Fila, a southern stronghold of the militant group, wounding his daughter and two other students waiting for their school bus.
    (AP, 1/13/10)
2010        Jan 13, In Mexico hundreds of troops in combat gear fanned out in Ciudad Juarez, where 2,650 people died in narco violence last. Public Security Minister Genaro Garcia Luna said 2,000 federal police reinforcements would arrive over the next few days.
    (Reuters, 1/14/10)
2010        Jan 13, A Nigerian high court ruled that Vice President Goodluck Jonathan can take executive powers in the absence of ailing President Umaru Yar'Adua, in hospital in Saudi Arabia since November.
    (AP, 1/13/10)
2010        Jan 13, North Korea said it will begin to allow in more American tourists after years of heavy restrictions on visits to the isolate country. North Korea's military warned that it would retaliate against South Korea if Seoul doesn't stop activists from launching propaganda leaflets across their divided border.
    (AP, 1/13/10)
2010        Jan 13, In eastern Pakistan a passenger train hit a school bus at an ungated railroad crossing in amid dense fog, killing at least 8 children and the bus driver.
    (AP, 1/13/10)
2010        Jan 13, In Somalia 7 children were among ten people killed in shelling by Somali government forces in Mogadishu as troops backed by African Union peacekeepers fired mortars into districts held by Islamist insurgents.
    (AFP, 1/13/10)
2010        Jan 13, Sudanese forces clashed with rebels in a key area of the troubled western region of Darfur.
    (AFP, 1/13/10)
2010        Jan 13, Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez indefinitely suspended rolling blackouts in Caracas, just a day after they began, and sacked his electricity minister saying he was responsible for mistakes in the way the rationing plan was applied.
    (AP, 1/14/10)
2010        Jan 13, Zimbabwe civil servants, who earn only 150 US dollars a month, rejected the government's "paltry" offer to raise salaries by a maximum of 14%.
    (AP, 1/13/10)
2010        Jan 13, A Zimbabwe state daily reported that the nation’s power utility has been ordered to stop electricity exports to Namibia until it can meet its own country's needs.
    (AFP, 1/13/10)

2011        Jan 13, The US Treasury said it is launching a pilot program to deliver income tax refunds on debit cards for low- and moderate-income people who do not have traditional bank accounts.
    (Reuters, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 13, Marc Knapp (35) of Simi Valley, Ca., accused of trying to export military equipment to Iran, pleaded guilty in federal court in Delaware to two felony counts involving violations of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act and the Arms Export Control Act. Sentencing was set for May 23.
    (AP, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 13, Gov. Pat Quinn signed legislation that temporarily raises Illinois income taxes by two-thirds, risking a political backlash against Democrats but gaining money to help drag state government out of the deepest budget hole in its history.
    (AP, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 13, Edwin Edwards, former 4-term governor of Louisiana, was released from federal prison after serving over 8 years for fraud.
    (SFC, 1/14/11, p.A6)
2011        Jan 13, In eastern Afghanistan a bomb in a marketplace killed a child outside a music cassette shop in Jalalabad. The Afghan fuel ministry said that Iran currently was allowing 1,000 tons of fuel to enter Afghanistan at three border crossings each day, compared with 3,000 to 4,000 tons daily before the trucks were blocked.
    (AP, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 13, In Algeria Mohsen Bouterfif doused himself in gasoline and set himself on fire after a meeting with the mayor of the small city of Boukhadra who was unable to provide him a job and a house. Bouterfif died on of his burns on Jan 15.
    (Reuters, 1/16/11)
2011        Jan 13, Thieves in Argentina stole $68,000 and 17,000 euros in cash that President Cristina Fernandez was to use on a trip to the Middle East.
    (AP, 1/14/11)
2011        Jan 13, Australia's 3rd-largest city Brisbane resembled a "war zone" with whole suburbs under water and infrastructure smashed as the worst flood in decades hit 30,000 properties. The Brisbane River peaked at 4.5 meters. The flooding in Queensland left 28 people dead.
    (AP, 1/13/11)(SFC, 1/17/11, p.A2)(Econ, 1/15/11, p.45)
2011        Jan 13, Canada’s BlackBerry maker Research In Motion said it has given India the means to access its Messenger service and reiterated that no changes could be made to allow monitoring of secure corporate emails.
    (Reuters, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 13, Dominican Republic authorities resumed mass deportations of Haitian migrants after a brief lull, and government officers began demanding passports at bus stations as the country deals with a cholera scare.
    (AP, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 13, France's parliament gave final approval to a law forcing large companies to reserve at least 40 percent of their boardroom positions for women within six years.
    (Econ, 7/23/11, p.11)(http://tinyurl.com/447vuoy)
2011        Jan 13, In Germany a tanker loaded with sulfuric acid capsized on the Rhine river near St. Goarshausen and two crew members were missing. There were no indications that the load was leaking.
    (AP, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 13, Guyana recognized Palestinian statehood, joining a string of other South American nations in a push for Palestinians and Israelis to negotiate a peace deal.
    (AP, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 13, In India Tata Coffee Ltd, part of the Tata group conglomerate, and Starbucks said they have signed a pact to source coffee in India and explore opening local retail stores.
    (Reuters, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 13, Iran's proposal for a tour of its nuclear sites floundered after China effectively rejected the invite and Russia cautioned such a trip could never replace UN inspections or talks between Tehran and world powers.
    (Reuters, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 13, Iran’s state broadcaster website reported that Iran has hanged five men convicted of drug trafficking, taking to 33 the number of executions in 2011.
    (AFP, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 13, In Iraq NP Joe Biden emphasized to Iraqi leaders that the US wants nothing more than for Iraq to be a free and democratic country in a daylong visit that officials said would focus on the departure of American troops from the country. Three bombings near mosques in central and northern Baghdad killed two people. Gunmen also killed a jewelry shop owner.
    (AP, 1/13/11)(AFP, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 13, In Italy a court ruling partially stripped PM Silvio Berlusconi of political immunity.
    (AFP, 1/14/11)
2011        Jan 13, Italy's Mount Etna has come back to life with a brief eruption that sent lava down its slopes and a cloud of ash into the sky, forcing the overnight closure of a nearby airport. Its last major eruption was in 1992.
    (AP, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 13, In Ivory Coast mobs and security forces allied to leader Laurent Gbagbo attacked at least six UN vehicles, setting some ablaze and injuring two people in the latest round of violence.
    (AP, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 13, The collapse of Lebanon's government plunged the country into deep political uncertainty after a year of relative stability, as the president began the process of putting a new administration together.
    (AP, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 13, In Mexico 12 suspected drug cartel gunmen and two Mexican soldiers were killed in a shootout that lasted almost six hours in the Veracruz state capital of Xalapa.
    (AP, 1/14/11)
2011        Jan 13, Nicaragua suspended three federal judges and put them under investigation for ordering the release of 10 alleged drug traffickers.
    (AP, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 13, In northwest Pakistan suspected militants targeted a police vehicle and a security checkpoint with bombs, killing four officers and wounding nine others.
    (AP, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 13, In Pakistan Geo news TV journalist Wail Babar (28) was shot dead as he left work in Karachi. He had reported on drugs, crime, militancy and deadly turf struggles between the city's main political parties. On March 1, 2014, a court convicted five men of his murder. One of the men convicted, Mohammad Shahrukh Khan, said in a videotaped confession posted on YouTube that he had been asked to follow Babar home from work by an activist from the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM), the party that rules Karachi. MQM denied any link to Khan or the other killers.
    (Reuters, 3/1/14)
2011        Jan 13, A Palestinian minister said Gaza's Hamas rulers will ensure a truce on rocket fire against Israel is protected, a day after militant factions agreed to a period of calm.
    (AFP, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 13, Scotland's First Minister Alex Salmond announced that online retailer Amazon is to create 950 full-time jobs at two Scottish locations.
    (AP, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 13, A Somaliland judge sentenced a German man to four years in jail for making pornographic films and pictures in Somalia. Gunter Pischof Albert (72) was ordered jailed and fined him $10,000. A woman (23) was also sentenced to one year in jail and fined $880.
    (AP, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 13, In South Korea prize-winning director Park Chan-wook's said his latest film, "Night Fishing," was filmed using 10 Apple iPhone 4s, three of which he himself controlled.
    (Reuters, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 13, South Sudan's independence vote cleared two major hurdles after former president Jimmy Carter gave the poll his endorsement and organizers said high turnout meant the result would be binding. Former US president Jimmy Carter said that Khartoum wants all of Sudan's $39-billion debt forgiven, saying he had erred in earlier saying it was ready to assume the south's share.
    (Reuters, 1/13/11)(AFP, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 13, In Sudan 3 Bulgarians flying aircraft for the World Food Program were kidnapped in the western Darfur region.
    (AP, 1/13/11)
2011        Jan 13, In Tunisia rioters hurled stones at trams and government buildings in Tunis in defiance of increasingly tough government attempts to quash more than three weeks of rioting by youths angry about joblessness.
    (AP, 1/13/11)

2012        Jan 13, President Barack Obama asked Congress for greater power to shrink the federal government. His first idea was merging six sprawling trade and commerce agencies whose overlapping programs can be baffling to businesses.
    (AP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 13, In California Orange County police detained Itzcoatl Ocampo (23) of Yorba Linda in relation to 4 recent killings of homeless men in the area. On Feb 6 Ocampo was charged with two more murders, the stabbing deaths of his high school friend’s mother and older brother in Yorba Linda.
    (SSFC, 1/15/12, p.A9)(SFC, 2/7/12, p.A9)
2012        Jan 13, Hysen Sherifi (b.1984), a legal US resident from Kosovo, was sentenced to 45 years in prison for conspiracy to attack the US marine base at Quantico, Va. He was among 7 men arrested on 27 July, 2009, near Raleigh, North Carolina on charges of participating in a conspiracy to commit "violent jihad.” According to a federal indictment he had paid Daniel Patrick Boyd $500 in April 2008 to help fund an overseas jihad and traveled to Kosovo in July 2008 to engage in "violent jihad." He returned to North Carolina in April 2009 and trained in military tactics in Caswell County in summer of 2009 and Planned an attack on the Marine Corps base in Quantico, Va., with Daniel Boyd in June and July 2009. On Nov 8 Sherifi was found guilty in a murder-for-hire plot to behead witnesses who testified against him.
    (SFC, 2/4/12, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/6myl2m2)(SFC, 11/9/12, p.A10)
2012        Jan 13, Apple said it was suspending sales of the new iPhone at its China stores after fans desperate to get their hands on it fought with security and threw eggs at an official outlet.
    (AFP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 13, New Orleans violence left 17 people shot over the last 18 hours. 12 people were murdered in the first 12 days of this year.
    (SFC, 1/13/12, p.A6)
2012        Jan 13, In Nevada a Monsignor Kevin McAuliffe (59) was sentenced to 3 years and one month in prison and ordered to repay $650,000 he acknowledged siphoning from his Las Vegas parish to support a gambling habit.
    (SFC, 1/13/12, p.A6)
2012        Jan 13, In Star, North Carolina, Ronald Dean Davis (50) shot a killed 3 co-workers at a lumber company, then went home and shot himself.
    (SSFC, 1/15/12, p.A9)
2012        Jan 13, Apple said it was suspending sales of the new iPhone at its China stores after fans desperate to get their hands on it fought with security and threw eggs at an official outlet.
    (AFP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 13, British PM David Cameron held talks with Saudi King Abdullah in Riyadh.
    (AFP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 13, A British court ruled that Richard O'Dwyer (23), a student at Sheffield Hallam University, can be extradited to the US to answer copyright infringement allegations. He had created a website allowing people to watch films and TV shows for free. After O'Dwyer was arrested in London in November 2010, he admitted to police that he owned TVShack.net and TVShack.cc and earned about £15,000 (18,000 euros, $23,000) a month from online advertising.
    (AFP, 1/14/12)
2012        Jan 13, Christopher Tappin (64), a retired British businessman, lost a High Court battle against extradition to the United States on charges of conspiring to sell batteries for surface-to-air missiles to Iran. Tappin has said he believed he was exporting batteries for the car industry in the Netherlands.
    (AFP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 13, British store owner Peter Avis (66) was killed at his home above his Collis and Son shop in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk. In February suspect, Pytor Malaniuk, was detained during a police raid in the eastern Polish city of Biala Podlaska.
    (AFP, 2/21/12)
2012        Jan 13, El Salvador President Mauricio Funes said an estimated 22,000 former rebel combatants, now living in poverty, will finally get long-overdue health care, pensions and other benefits. About 25,000 rebel fighters are still alive and 87 percent live in poverty.
    (AP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 13, In Estonia volunteers from 83 countries converged on Tallinn to launch World Cleanup 2012, a voluntary 6-monthy rubbish collection effort to begin on March 24.
    (Econ, 1/7/12, p.52)
2012        Jan 13, France was stripped of its top-notch credit rating by Standard & Poor’s. S&P downgraded 8 other countries including Austria, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Malta, Cyprus, Slovakia and Slovenia.
    (SFC, 1/14/12, p.A2)(SSFC, 1/15/12, p.A5)
2012        Jan 13, Guatemala congressman Oscar Valentin Leal Caal, who was reportedly negotiating a switch to the law-and-order party of the conservative president-elect, was shot to death, a day before the presidential inauguration ceremony. Two attackers killed him and his brother outside the headquarters of the legislator's current party, the populist Democratic Freedom Revival.
    (AP, 1/14/12)   
2012        Jan 13, Iraq's deputy premier called for PM Nouri al-Maliki to step down and warned that the country's festering political crisis risks sparking a wider sectarian conflict. Sunni Deputy PM Al-Mutlaq's Sunni-backed Iraqiya party has been boycotting parliament and Cabinet meetings since last month to protest what it sees as efforts by al-Maliki to consolidate power.
    (AP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 13, The cruise ship Costa Concordia ran aground off the tiny island of Giglio, off the coast of Tuscany, with more than 4,200 people aboard. Captain Francesco Schettino (52) was soon detained on charges of manslaughter. The final death toll was put at 30 dead and 2 missing. The last missing person was discovered on Nov 3, 2014, by workers dismantling the ship in Genoa.   
    (AP, 1/14/12)(AP, 1/15/12)(SFC, 1/16/12, p.A3)(AP, 1/17/12)(SFC, 3/23/12, p.A2)(AP, 11/3/14)
2012        Jan 13, Japan's PM Yoshihiko Noda said the government has yet to decide on whether it will reduce oil imports from Iran in line with US sanctions, saying businesses implications need to be considered.
    (AP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 13, Japanese energy firm Inpex and French giant Total announced a huge $34 billion gas project in Australia, as Tokyo looks for alternatives to nuclear power in the wake of the Fukushima disaster.
    (AFP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 13, Kenyan police arrested 29 Ugandans suspected of seeking to join Islamist rebels in Somalia.
    (AFP, 1/15/12)
2012        Jan 13, In Kuwait riot police used tear gas and water cannons to disperse protesters, mostly descendants of desert nomads who are considered stateless and claim the Gulf nation is depriving them of citizenship and rights.
    (AP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 13, It was reported that mounds of debris were piling up at illegal dumping sites around Mexico City in recent weeks as the metropolis grappled with an avalanche of refuse after closing one of the world's largest landfills.
    (AP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 13, Myanmar freed some of its most famous political inmates, sparking jubilation outside prison gates while signaling its readiness to meet Western demands for lifting economic sanctions. The Thai-based Assistance Association for Political Prisoners (Burma) said that 272 political prisoners were released, while more than 1,000 remained locked up. President Thein Sein ordered the military not to attack any ethnic minority groups except in self-defense.
    (AP, 1/13/12)(AFP, 1/13/12)(AFP, 1/17/12)
2012        Jan 13, A top Nigerian labor leader announced a two-day suspension of protests at the weekend as a national strike over fuel prices shut down the country for a fifth day running. In the northeast gunmen attacked two pubs, killing four people amid a wave of such violence blamed on Islamist group Boko Haram.
    (AFP, 1/13/12)(AFP, 1/14/12)
2012        Jan 13, In Romania demonstrations began on behalf of Raed Arafat, a popular health care official. He had quit over a plan to privatize a medical emergency system, which he had set up. On Jan 17 the government gave him back his job and said it would rethink its health plans.
    (Econ, 1/21/12, p.57)
2012        Jan 13, The International Committee of the Red Cross called on local authorities in war-torn Somalia's south and center to release 140 trucks carrying aid for 240,000 needy.
    (AFP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 13, Ratings agency Fitch revised South Africa's outlook from stable to negative, citing the country's failure to create enough jobs and to speed up economic growth.
    (AFP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 13, South Sudan signed its first oil deals with foreign nations since it won independence last July, inking agreements with Chinese, Indian and Malaysian firms.
    (AFP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 13, Sri Lanka reacted furiously to a spate of "personalized" foreign postage stamps bearing the image of slain Tamil Tiger rebel supremo Velupillai Prabhakaran.
    (AFP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 13, In Sudan Hussein Khogli, editor in chief of Al-Wan, said authorities have ordered his independent daily newspaper to suspend publishing. The previous day’s edition was blocked from distribution without explanation.
    (AFP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 13, The head of the Arab League warned that Syria may be sliding toward civil war. The British-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said security forces killed one protester in the central city of Hama and another in the town of Ariha in the northwestern province of Idlib, where more than 20,000 people were demonstrating.
    (AP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 13, Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash (87) died. He was the driving force behind the Turkish Cypriot declaration of independence in 1983.
    (AP, 1/14/12)
2012        Jan 13, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez said that his government will close its consulate in Miami after the US government expelled a diplomat.
    (AP, 1/13/12)
2012        Jan 13, At least 4 Yemeni protesters were killed and over a dozen people injured when security forces fired bullets and tear gas at marchers in the southern city of Aden. Fighting left three militants dead, among them an Algerian.
    (AP, 1/13/12)(AFP, 1/14/12)(SFC, 1/14/12, p.A2)

2013        Jan 13, In the Golden Globe awards winners included “Argo” as the best movie; Ben Affleck won as best director for “Argo.” Daniel Day Lewis won as best movie actor for his role in “Lincoln,” and Jessica Chastain won as best actress for her role in “Zero Dark Thirty.”
    (SFC, 1/14/13, p.D2)
2013        Jan 13, Hollywood actress Jodie Foster confirmed long-running speculation that she is gay by coming out at the Golden Globes awards, but joked she wouldn't be holding a news conference to discuss her private life.
    (Reuters, 1/13/13)
2013        Jan 13, In Detroit General Motors unveiled its latest model of the Corvette Stingray on the eve of the Detroit motor show. The next day GM’s Cadillac ATS sedan took the show’s top prize.
    (Econ, 1/19/13, p.63)
2013        Jan 13, In Afghanistan an explosion killed 7 villagers as they tried to pull bodies of dead insurgents from the rubble of a village mosque after a night raid by NATO and Afghan troops. Four insurgents and an Afghan soldier were also reported killed in the operation.
    (AP, 1/13/13)
2013        Jan 13, Argentina said that a monthly basket for an indigent family of four cost 719 pesos in December, or about 5.99 pesos per day, per person. On the streets of Buenos Aires, 6 pesos doesn't stretch beyond a pack of chewing gum, or a cup of yoghurt, or a single "alfajor" cookie.
    (AP, 1/17/13)
2013        Jan 13, In China people refused to venture outdoors and buildings disappeared into Beijing's murky skyline as the air quality in the notoriously polluted capital went off the index.
    (AP, 1/13/13)
2013        Jan 13, In Egypt an appeals court overturned Hosni Mubarak's life sentence and ordered a retrial of the ousted president for failing to prevent the killing of hundreds of protesters during the uprising that toppled his regime.
    (AP, 1/13/13)
2013        Jan 13, In France some 300,000 people marched toward the Eiffel Tower from three different points in the city to protest against President Francois Hollande’s plan to legalize gay marriage.
    (AP, 1/13/13)
2013        Jan 13, In Georgia 190 people considered political prisoners by the new parliament walked free under an amnesty strongly opposed by Pres. Mikhail Saakashvili. More than 3,000 other prisoners who had their sentences reduced under the amnesty will be freed in the next two months.
    (AP, 1/13/13)
2013        Jan 13, Gen. Ali Moayedi, head of Iran's anti-narcotics police, was quoted by newspapers as saying that some 30 drug smugglers and addicts are identified and arrested every hour in Iran. Moayedi said that over 1,286 kg (2,835 pounds) are confiscated each day.
    (AP, 1/13/13)
2013        Jan 13, In Iraq insurgent attacks in separate parts of the country killed four people including a 7-year-old boy and wounded five others. Attackers detonated a bomb next to a convoy carrying the Iraqi finance minister Rafia al-Issawi. He was not hurt in the bombing.
    (AP, 1/13/13)
2013        Jan 13, In Pakistan a roadside bomb hit an army convoy in North Waziristan, killing 14 soldiers. Thousands of Shiites protested in Quetta for a third day, pressing their demands for greater security. PM Raja Pervez Ashraf bowed to protester demands and sacked the provincial governor of Balochistan for failing to safeguard the security of Shias.
    (AP, 1/13/13)(Econ, 1/19/13, p.42)
2013        Jan 13, Palestinian protesters who pitched tents at a strategic West Bank site to protest plans to build a Jewish housing project there were evicted early today. PM Netanyahu pledged to move ahead with construction of a new Jewish settlement in the area.
    (AP, 1/13/13)
2013        Jan 13, In Russia thousands marched through Moscow to protest a new law banning Americans from adopting Russian children.
    (AP, 1/13/13)
2013        Jan 13, Serbia adopted a set of guidelines for reconciliation talks with the leaders of Kosovo, in a strong first signal it is loosening its claim to its former province in hopes of getting closer to EU membership.
    (AP, 1/13/13)
2013        Jan 13, In South Africa Christopher "Norm" Bates (41), an American Embassy employee, was allegedly stabbed to death around 3 a.m. at a Johannesburg apartment. A 29-year-old woman was arrested.
    (AP, 1/15/13)
2013        Jan 13, In Geneva delegates from more than 130 nations began a final round of negotiations on the creation of the first legally binding treaty to reduce mercury emissions.
    (SFC, 1/14/13, p.A2)
2013        Jan 13, Syrian fighter jets Damascus suburbs in a government offensive to dislodge rebels from strategic areas around the capital. At least 45 people were killed in the government barrage. Troops battled rebels in the suburb of Daraya a day after government officials claimed the army had taken much of the strategic area. Heavy fighting was reported in the northern province of Deir el-Zour, involving attacks by warplanes.
    (AP, 1/13/13)(AP, 1/14/13)
2013        Jan 13, Four women went topless in St. Peter's Square to protest the Vatican's opposition to gay marriage. Police quickly took the women away.
    (AP, 1/13/13)
2013        Jan 13, Thousands of supporters of Venezuela's cancer-stricken president held rallies across the nation, hours before the government announced that Hugo Chavez is responding favorably to treatment for a respiratory infection.
    (AP, 1/13/13)

2014        Jan 13, Negotiators from the US Senate and House of Representatives unveiled a $1 trillion spending bill late today, eliminating the threat of another government shutdown, at least until October.
    (AFP, 1/14/14)
2014        Jan 13, The US Supreme Court declined to review an appeals court ruling that said an Arizona law banning abortions starting at 20 weeks of gestation is unconstitutional, meaning the restrictive state law is struck down.
    (Reuters, 1/13/14)
2014        Jan 13, The US Supreme Court rejected an appeal from Mohamed Ali Samantar, a former top official in Somalia, who has been ordered to pay Somali torture victims $21 million. Samantar, now living in Virginia, was a top official in dictator Siad Barre's regime in the 1980s and early 1990s.
    (AP, 1/13/14)
2014        Jan 13, In Florida an argument over texting in a movie theater led retired police captain Curtis Reeves (71) to fatally shoot Chad Oulsen (43).
    (SFC, 1/14/14, p.A6)
2014        Jan 13, Gerald Rosen, the mediator in the Detroit bankruptcy, announced that local and national foundations have pledged $330 million in an effort to shore up the city’s ailing pensions and protect the artwork at the Detroit Institute of Arts.
    (SFC, 1/14/14, p.A6)
2014        Jan 13, New Mexico Second Judicial District Judge Nan Nash ruled that the ability of competent, terminally ill patients to choose aid in dying is a fundamental right under the state constitution.
    (SFC, 1/15/14, p.A4)
2014        Jan 13, An emotional Dennis Rodman appeared to break down as he apologized on his return from a controversial trip to North Korea, where he sang "Happy Birthday" to regime leader Kim Jong-Un. He added that he would visit the North again next month for "another game," but gave no further details.
    (AFP, 1/13/14)
2014        Jan 13, Google said that it is buying Nest Labs, a startup that makes internet-connected thermostats, for $3.2 billion.
    (http://tinyurl.com/lpo27do)(Econ, 1/18/14, p.7)
2014        Jan 13, Australian officials said one man died a day earlier and four other people were missing after a fast-moving wildfire destroyed at least 49 homes in Perth. Firefighters continued to fight the blaze.
    (AFP, 1/13/14)(SFC, 1/14/14, p.A2)
2014        Jan 13, In Brazil 10 public buses were destroyed after 12 people were shot and killed overnight in Campinas, Sao Paulo state. Police said the surge of violence began with the murder of an off-duty policeman.
    (AFP, 1/13/14)
2014        Jan 13, Britain vowed to honor all government debt up until the date of Scotland's possible independence, should Scottish people vote to break away from the United Kingdom later this year.
    (AFP, 1/13/14)
2014        Jan 13, A Cambodian court freed Russian real estate tycoon Sergei Polonsky and he will not be extradited to Russia to face embezzlement charges there.
    (Reuters, 1/13/14)
2014        Jan 13, In southern China an explosion at an illegal gambling hall in Kaili, Guizhou province, killed 14 people and injured seven others.
    (AP, 1/13/14)
2014        Jan 13, France's Total said it has agreed to explore for shale gas in Britain, making it the first major oil company to enter the country's market in the face of widely publicized environmental protests.
    (AP, 1/13/14)
2014        Jan 13, German antitrust authorities fined a group of beer brewers a total of 106.5 million euros ($145 million) for illegal price-fixing between 2006 and 2008.
    (AP, 1/13/14)
2014        Jan 13, An Indian official said police arrested napkin seller (38) over the weekend for allegedly torturing an 11-year-old maid who was forced to eat chilies, which were also rubbed on her body. He and his wife had bought the girl in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh for 15,000 rupees ($240) from her parents about a year ago on the pretext that she would be well looked after and given a better education.
    (AFP, 1/13/14)   
2014        Jan 13, Iraq’s PM Nuri al-Maliki publicly rebuked UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon's call for the country to halt executions while standing beside him at a joint news conference. Ban Ki-moon called for Iraqi leaders to address the "root causes" of a surge in bloodshed as security forces clashed with gunmen in violence-wracked Anbar province. A series of attacks in the Baghdad area, including four car bombs targeting civilians, killed at least 30 people
    (AFP, 1/13/14)(AP, 1/13/14)(AFP, 1/14/14)
2014        Jan 13, In Ireland Saverio Bellante (34) of Italy was charged with the murder of Tom O'Gorman. Bellante said he was guilty of cutting open his Dublin landlord's chest and tried to eat his heart following a fight over a chess match.
    (AP, 1/13/14)
2014        Jan 13, Japan said it has signed an agreement with Palau to allow Japanese companies to earn carbon credits by helping the small Pacific island cut greenhouse gas emissions.
    (Reuters, 1/14/14)
2014        Jan 13, A spokesman said Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan has approved the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill 2013 banning gay marriage and same-sex partnerships. The law also criminalizes homosexual associations, societies and meetings.
    (AFP, 1/13/14)(SFC, 1/14/14, p.A2)
2014        Jan 13, Officials in the Philippines said two days of heavy rains set off floods and landslides in the southeast have left at least 20 people dead, 13 missing and thousands displaced.
    (AP, 1/13/14)
2014        Jan 13, In the Philippines the Sandiganbayan antigraft court said the former fist lady Imelda Marcos should forfeit all jewelry after ruling that it was ill-gotten.
    (SFC, 1/15/14, p.A2)
2014        Jan 13, In South Africa Mike Tshele and Osia Rahube were killed during a clash with police when residents of a village marched to the Madibeng municipality buildings in North West province to protest about water shortages. A 3rd person shot by police died on Jan 19.
    (Reuters, 1/13/14)(http://tinyurl.com/ogeafwt)(AFP, 1/20/14)
2014        Jan 13, South Sudanese government troops advanced on Bor, the last state capital still in rebel hands, as ceasefire talks in neighboring Ethiopia were called off for the day.
    (AFP, 1/13/14)
2014        Jan 13, Swedish Dr. Mats Brannstrom said nine women have successfully received transplanted wombs donated from relatives and will soon try to become pregnant.
    (AP, 1/13/14)
2014        Jan 13, In Syria the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) seized the northern town of al-Bab. American and Russian negotiators in Paris said Syria's government and the opposition have agreed to consider opening humanitarian access in the run-up to a peace conference that would bring the sides together for the first time. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said ISIL had executed 46 Islamists from the Ahrar al-Sham in an ambush in Kantari and killed 14 prisoners today in Homs province.
    (AP, 1/13/14)(AFP, 1/14/14)
2014        Jan 13, US and Russian envoys said Syria’s government and the main opposition group have agreed to allow humanitarian aid into some blocked-off parts of the country.
    (SFC, 1/14/14, p.A4)
2014        Jan 13, In Thailand tens of thousands of anti-government protesters came out in an effort to "shut down Bangkok" and try to force caretaker PM Yingluck Shinawatra to resign in favor of an unelected "people's council" that would initiate political reforms.
    (AP, 1/13/14)
2014        Jan 13, In Thailand an American woman went missing in Kaeng Krachan National Park. Her body was found five days later, apparently trampled by elephants.
    (SFC, 1/24/14, p.A2)

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