Today in History - January 15

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69CE        Jan 15, Servius Sulpicius Galba (70), 6th emperor of Rome (68-69), was lynched.
    (MC, 1/15/02)

1432        Jan 15, Afonso V "the African", king of Portugal (1438-1481), was born.
    (MC, 1/15/02)

1507        Jan 15, Johann Oporinus [Herbster], Swiss book publisher (Koran), was born.
    (MC, 1/15/02)

1535        Jan 15, Henry VIII declared himself head of English Church. [see Oct 30, 1534]
    (MC, 1/15/02)

1552        Jan 15, France signed a secret treaty with German Protestants.
    (MC, 1/15/02)

1559        Jan 15, England's Queen Elizabeth I was crowned in Westminster Abbey and Lord Dudley soon became her favorite.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.19)(AP, 1/15/98)

1582        Jan 15, Russia ceded Livonia and Estonia to Poland, and lost access to Baltic.
    (MC, 1/15/02)

1622        Jan 15, Moliere (d.1673) [Jean Baptiste Poquelin], French actor and comic dramatist, was born. He was the author of "Tartuffe" and "The Misanthrope" (1666). He also did the bilingual experiment "L’Impromptu du Versailles." His last play was "The Imaginary Invalid." "It is a stupidity second to none, to busy oneself with the correction of the world."
    (WUD, 1994, p.923)(WSJ, 4/5/96, p.A-6)(LSA, Spg/97, p.14)(WSJ, 4/2/98, p.A20)(AP, 11/10/98)(HN, 1/15/99)   

1624        Jan 15, The people of Mexico rioted upon hearing that their churches were to be closed.
    (HN, 1/15/99)

1716        Jan 15, Philip Livingston, Declaration of Independence signer, was born.
    (HN, 1/15/99)

1777        Jan 15, The people of New Connecticut declared their independence. The tiny republic became the state of Vermont in 1791.
    (AP, 1/15/99)(ST, 3/2/04, p.A1)

1797        Jan 15, In St. Petersburg Russia, Prussia and Austria signed and act that terminated the Lithuanian-Polish state.
    (LHC, 1/15/03)

1811        Jan 15, In a secret session, Congress planned to annex Spanish East Florida.
    (HN, 1/15/99)

1823        Jan 15, Matthew Brady, Civil War photographer, was born.
    (HN, 1/15/99)

1827        Jan 15, At Monticello, Va., 130 slaves and other possessions of Thomas Jefferson were sold at auction. Sally Hemmings and 5 members of the Hemings family were freed shortly thereafter.
    (SFEC, 5/16/99, p.A9)

1844        Jan 15, The University of Notre Dame received its charter from the state of Indiana.
    (AP, 1/15/98)

1861        Jan 15, Elisha Otis received patent # 31,128 for his steam elevator.
    (www.sterlingelevatorcons.com/history.htm)

1865        Jan 15, Union troops captured Fort Fisher at Wilmington, North Carolina. It was the last major Confederate port open to blockade runners.
    (AH, 2/05, p.16)

1870        Jan 15, The Democratic party was represented as a donkey in a cartoon by Thomas Nast in Harper's Weekly.
    (Hem, 8/96, p.84)(AP, 1/15/98)

1877        Jan 15, Lewis M. Terman, psychologist (developed Stanford-Binet IQ test), was born in Indiana.
    (MC, 1/15/02)

1885        Jan 15, Wilson Bentley (1865-1931) of Jericho, Vermont, made the world’s 1st clear photographs of snow crystals.
    (ON, 11/04, p.4)

1892        Jan 15, The rules of basketball were published for the first time, in Springfield, Mass., where the game originated.
    (AP, 1/15/00)

1896        Jan 15, Matthew B. Brady (73), US Civil War photographer, died in the charity ward of a New York hospital at age 73. His project "Gallery of Illustrious Americans" included many leading figures of his time. In 1955 James D. Horan authored "Matthew Brady, Historian with a Camera." In 1946 Roy Meredith authored "Mr. Lincoln’s Camera man, Matthew B. Brady."
    (ON, 1/00, p.12)(ON, 12/06, p.10)

1906        Jan 15, Aristotle Onassis, Greek tycoon, who married Jackie Kennedy, was born.
    (HN, 1/15/99)

1907        Jan 15, 3-element vacuum tube was patented by Dr. Lee De Forest.
    (MC, 1/15/02)

1908        Jan 15, Edward Teller (d.2003), US physicist known as the "Father of the H-bomb," was born in Budapest. In 2001 he authored his "Memoirs."
    (HN, 1/15/99)(WSJ, 10/30/01, p.A21)(SFC, 9/10/03, p.A1)

1909        Jan 15, In San Francisco police arrested Miss Frances Smith, attired in a jaunty sailor costume, and Miss May Burke as they strolled down Montgomery street. Smith was charged with masquerading in male attire and Burke was charged with vagrancy.
    (SSFC, 1/10/10, DB p.42)

1913        Jan 15, Lloyd Bridges, actor (Sea Hunt, Roots, Airplane), was born in San Leandro, Calif.
    (MC, 1/15/02)
1913        Jan 15, The first telephone line between Berlin and New York was inaugurated.
    (HN, 1/15/99)

1915        Jan 15, Fannie Farmer (b.1857), American culinary expert, died. Her “Boston Cooking-School Cook Book" (1896) became a widely used culinary text.
    (WSJ, 12/29/07, p.W8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fannie_Merritt_Farmer)
1915        Jan 15, Japan claimed economic control of China.
    (MC, 1/15/02)

1918        Jan 15, Gamal Abdel Nasser, President of Egypt (1954-1971), was born.
    (MC, 1/15/02)

1919        Jan 15, In Boston an explosion opened a tank of molasses and the cylindrical sides toppled outward knocking down 10 nearby buildings. 2 million gallons of molasses oozed onto the streets and killed 21 people. Another 50 were injured [see 1872].
    (www.snopes.com/horrors/freakish/molasses.asp)
1919        Jan 15, Karl Liebknecht (47), Marxist revolutionary, was murdered.
    (MC, 1/15/02)
1919        Jan 15, Rosa Luxemburg (b.1870), Marxist revolutionary, was murdered.
    (MC, 1/15/02)
1919        Jan 15, Peasants in Central Russia rose against the Bolsheviks.
    (HN, 1/15/99)

1920        Jan 15, John J. "Cardinal" O'Connor, Phila, Roman Catholic Archbishop of NY, was born.
    (MC, 1/15/02)
1920        Jan 15, The United States approved a $150 million loan to Poland, Austria and Armenia to aid in their war with the Russian communists.
    (HN, 1/15/99)

1923        Jan 15, Lithuanians took Klaipeda back from French control.
     (LC, 1998, p.8)(LHC, 1/15/03)

1927        Jan 15, The Dumbarton Bridge (drawbridge) opened carrying the first auto traffic across the San Francisco bay.
    (HN, 1/15/99)(Ind, 5/23/00,14A)

1929        Jan 15, "Queen Ida" Guillory, Zydeco accordionist, was born.
    (MC, 1/15/02)
1929        Jan 15, Martin Luther King Jr. (d1968), American Baptist Minister and Civil Rights leader, was born in Atlanta, Georgia. He won the Nobel Peace prize in 1964 and was assassinated in 1968. Dr. King began his involvement in the civil rights movement in 1955 with his leadership of the Montgomery bus boycott, which ended segregated seating on city buses. Adopting Mohandas K. Gandhi's principles of nonviolence, King led demonstrations, sit-ins and boycotts in cities throughout the South to show the injustice of racist policies. He explained his belief in nonviolence in a letter written during one of his many incarcerations: "Nonviolent direct action seeks to create such a crisis and foster such a tension that a community which has constantly refused to negotiate is forced to confront the issue. It seeks so to dramatize the issue that it can no longer be ignored...." King's efforts helped to bring about the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. Dr. King's leadership of the civil rights movement brought many threats against his life and on April 4, 1968, he was killed by a sniper's bullet in Memphis, Tennessee. Martin Luther King Day was established by President Ronald Reagan in 1986, for the third Monday in January. "Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere." "A man can't ride your back unless it's bent."
    (HFA, '96, p.22)(AHD, p.721)(AP, 4/3/97)(AP, 1/15/98)(HNPD, 1/15/99)
1929        Jan 15, The U.S. Senate ratified the Kellogg-Briand anti-war pact.
    (HN, 1/15/99)

1930        Jan 15, Amelia Earhart set an aviation record for women at 171 mph in a Lockheed Vega.
    (HN, 1/15/99)

1934        Jan 15, Babe Ruth signed a contract for $35,000 ($17,000 cut).
    (MC, 1/15/02)
1934        Jan 15, Patrick O'Malley, US policeman, was killed by John Dillinger.
    (MC, 1/15/02)
1934        Jan 15, An 8.4 earthquake in India and Nepal killed some 15,000 people. It damaged the Mahabuddha Temple in Patan, Nepal, one of but 3 in the world.
    (http://asc-india.org/menu/gquakes.htm)(WSJ, 1/22/98, p.A17)

1936        Jan 15, The non-profit Ford Foundation incorporated.
    (MC, 1/15/02)
1936        Jan 15, In London, Japan quit all naval talks after being denied equality.
    (HN, 1/15/99)

1939        Jan 15, In the 1st NFL pro bowl the NY Giants beat the All Stars 13-10 in Wrigley Field.
    (MC, 1/15/02)

1942        Jan 15, Jawaharlal Nehru succeeded Mohandas K. Gandhi as head of India's National Congress Party.
    (AP, 1/15/02)   

1943        Jan 15, Work was completed on the Pentagon, headquarters of the U.S. Department of Defense in Arlington, Va. In 2007 Steve Vogel authored “The Pentagon: A History."
    (AP, 1/15/98)(Econ, 6/30/07, p.93)

1944        Jan 15, General Eisenhower arrived in England.
    (MC, 1/15/02)
1944        Jan 15, The U.S. Fifth Army successfully broke the German Winter Line in Italy with the capture of Mount Trocchio.
    (HN, 1/15/99)

1947        Jan 15, A grisly, still-unsolved murder case came to light in Los Angeles as the mutilated remains of 22-year-old aspiring actress Elizabeth Short, known as the "Black Dahlia" for the dark outfits she wore, were found dumped in a vacant lot. Her body was severed at the waist, drained of blood and fully posed in a vacant lot. The Black Dahlia murder case remained unsolved even though 500 hundred men confessed to the murder. In 1977 John Gregory Dunne authored "True Confessions," a novel based on the case. In 1987 James Ellroy authored "The Black Dahlia." In 2003 Steve Hodel authored "Black Dahlia Avenger," in which he held that the killer was Dr. George Hodel, his own father.
    (SFEC, 12/1/96, BR p.3)(SFEC, 4/5/98, p.C16)(AP, 1/15/01)(NW, 4/21/03, p.59)(SFC, 1/2/04, p.D1)(SFC, 4/16/04, p.B7)

1949        Jan 15, Chinese Communists occupied Tientsin after a 27-hour battle with Nationalist forces.
    (HN, 1/15/99)

1951        Jan 15, Supreme Court ruled that the "clear and present danger" of incitement to riot is not protected speech and can be a cause for arrest.
    (MC, 1/15/02)

1953        Jan 15, The First Asian Socialist Conference agreed on alliances with the West and land for the peasants.
    (HN, 1/15/99)

1961        Jan 15, The Supremes signed with Motown Records.
    (MC, 1/15/02)
1961        Jan 15, The hurricane weakened Texas Tower No. 4, a Cold War radar tower, collapsed in the North Atlantic 85 miles southeast of NYC. In 2011 Pres. Obama wrote letter honoring the 28 men killed in the collapse.
    (www.radomes.org/museum/documents/TexasTower.html)(SFC, 2/10/11, p.A4)

1966        Jan 15, Nigeria’s PM Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (b.1912) was assassinated in the country's 1st military coup.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abubakar_Tafawa_Balewa)

1967        Jan 15, The first Super Bowl was played as the Green Bay Packers of the National Football League defeated the Kansas City Chiefs of the American Football League, 35-10 in Los Angeles. The matchup was officially called the AFL-NFL World Championship Game.
    (WSJ, 1/28/97, p.A16)(AP, 1/15/98)
1967        Jan 15, Some 462 Yale faculty members called for an end to the bombing in North Vietnam.
    (HN, 1/15/99)

1969        Jan 15, The Russian Soyuz 5 went into orbit. The crew then maneuvered to dock with Soyuz 4 and Yevgeny Khrunov (d.2000 at 67) became the first astronaut to transfer between linked capsules.
    (SFC, 5/27/00, p.A26)

1971        Jan 15, George Harrison’s "My Sweet Lord" was released in the UK. The US release was in 1970.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/My_Sweet_Lord)
1971        Jan 15, Egypt’s Aswan High Dam, 600 miles upstream from Cairo, was formally inaugurated. It had been completed Jul 21, 1970.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y4dn83)

1972        Jan 15, Heavyweight Joe Frazier (b.1944) KO’d Terry Daniels.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Frazier)

1973        Jan 15, Gene Shalit (b.1932) replaced Joe Garagiola on the Today Show panel.
    (www.nndb.com/people/625/000023556/)(http://tinyurl.com/6bzkbm)
1973        Jan 15, President Nixon announced the suspension of all U.S. offensive action in North Vietnam, citing progress in peace negotiations.
    (AP, 1/15/98)
1973        Jan 15, Four of six remaining Watergate defendants pleaded guilty.
    (HN, 1/15/99)
1973        Jan 15, Pope Paul VI had an audience with Golda Meir at Vatican.
    (http://tinyurl.com/65npaj)

1974        Jan 15, "Happy Days" began an 11 year run on ABC.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0070992/)
1974        Jan 15, In Wichita, Kansas, 4 members of the Otero family were found murdered. Their murder was later associated with the BTK serial killer.
    (SSFC, 2/27/05, p.A3)(www.kansas.com/214/story/16542.html)

1976        Jan 15, Sara Jane Moore was sentenced to life in prison for her attempt on the life of President Ford in San Francisco.
    (AP, 1/15/98)

1978        Jan 15, Lisa Levy and Margaret Bowman, two students at Florida State University in Tallahassee, were murdered in their sorority house. Theodore Bundy (1946-1989) was later convicted of the crime, and executed.
    (AP, 1/15/98)

1979        Jan 15, The Soviet Union vetoed a United Nations resolution and called for the withdrawal of all Vietnamese troops from Cambodia.
    (HN, 1/15/99)

1981        Jan 15, The "Hill Street Blues" premiered on NBC-TV. It ran to 1987.
    (SFEC, 5/24/98, DB p.39)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0081873/)
1981        Jan 15, Emanuel Celler (92), (Rep-D-NY, 1923-73), died.
    (http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=C000264)

1982        Jan 15, Walter W. Smith (b.1905), NY sports writer, died in Connecticut. He won the Pulitzer Prize in 1976 and in 2000 a collection of 167 essays (1941-1981) was published: "Red Smith on Baseball: The Game’s Greatest Writer on the Game’s Greatest Years."
    (SFEM, 4/9/00, p.18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Smith_(sportswriter))

1983        Jan 15, Meyer Lansky (born Majer Suchowlinski, July 4, 1902), American gangster, died. He and Charles "Lucky" Luciano were instrumental in the development of the so-called "National Crime Syndicate" in the United States. He was the intellectual impetus behind the Commission and the so-called "Mogul of the Mob." In 2004 Enrique Cirules authored "The Secret Life of Meyer Lansky in Havana." The book was only available in Cuba in Spanish.
    (AP, 5/28/07)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meyer_Lansky)

1984        Jan 15, Police raided the vacation home of Paul and Linda McCartney (1941-1998) following a tip. Both were arrested on possession of cannabis.
    (http://leftofcentrist.blogspot.com/2007_01_01_archive.html)

1985        Jan 15, Tancredo Neves (1910-1985) became the 1st elected president of Brazil in 21 years. Just one day before he was scheduled to take the oath of office (March 15, 1985), Neves became severely ill. He suffered from abdominal complications and developed generalized infections. After seven operations, Tancredo Neves died on April 21, 1985. He was succeeded by José Sarney, who served to 1990.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tancredo_Neves)

1987        Jan 15, Ray Bolger (b.1904), actor and dancer, died in Los Angeles. He played the Scarecrow in the 1939 production of the “Wizard of Oz."
    (www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=1528)

1988        Jan 15, Jimmy "The Greek" Snyder made racist remarks about black athletes. The CBS football analyst was fired the next day.
    (http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/almanac/video/1988/)
1988        Jan 15, Sean MacBride (b.1904), Ireland, commander of Irish Republican Army, died. He was a founding member of Amnesty Int’l. and was awarded the Nobel peace Prize in 1974. He wrote the Constitution of the Organization for African Unity and the first Constitution of Ghana, the first UK African Colony to achieve Independence.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ggzwn)
1988        Jan 15, In Jerusalem, riot police charged into the Al Aqsa and Dome of the Rock mosques after worshipers beat a policeman and stole his pistol during some of the worst clashes seen on the revered Temple Mount.
    (AP, 1/15/98)

1989        Jan 15, NATO, the Warsaw Pact and 12 other European countries adopted a human rights and security agreement in Vienna, Austria.
    (AP, 1/15/99)

1990        Jan 15, A computer problem disrupted AT&T long-distance service for about nine hours.
    (AP, 1/15/00)
1990        Jan 15, Soviet leader Gorbachev and the Soviet Presidium declared a state of emergency in parts of Azerbaijan and Armenia in the wake of escalating ethnic violence.
    (AP, 1/15/00)

1991        Jan 15, In Colombia Jorge Luis Ochoa turned himself in to police during an intense hunt for leaders of the Medellin drug cartel. The Colombian Constitution of this year forbade the extradition of its citizens.
    (SFC, 7/6/96, p.A10)
1991        Jan 15, With hours remaining before a United Nations deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait, UN Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar made a final appeal to Saddam Hussein to remove his troops.
    (AP, 1/15/01)

1992        Jan 15, The Yugoslav federation, founded in 1918, effectively collapsed as the European Community recognized the republics of Croatia and Slovenia.
    (AP, 1/15/98)

1993        Jan 15, Lyricist Sammy Cahn, who wrote the words to "Call me Irresponsible" and "High Hopes," died in Los Angeles at age 79.
    (AP, 1/15/98)
1993        Jan 15, In Paris a historic disarmament ceremony ended with the last of 125 countries signing a treaty banning chemical weapons.
    (AP, 1/15/98)
1993        Jan 15, A 7.5 earthquake struck northern Japan and 2 people died.
    (http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/eq_depot/2003/eq_030925/)

1994        Jan 15, President Clinton paid solemn tribute to victims of Stalinist purges and German occupation during a six-hour stop in the former Soviet republic of Belarus before continuing on to Geneva.
    (AP, 1/15/99)
1994        Jan 15, Harry Nilsson (52), singer-songwriter died in Agoura Hills, Calif.
    (AP, 1/15/99)

1995        Jan 15, The San Francisco 49ers defeated the Dallas Cowboys 38-28 in the National Football Conference title game, while the San Diego Chargers upset the Pittsburgh Steelers 17-13 in the American Football Conference championship.
    (AP, 1/15/05)
1995        Jan 15, San Francisco’s I. Magnin store on Union Square closed. The first I. Magnin was founded in 1877 on Market St. In 2006 James Thomas Mullane authored “A Store to Remember," an illustrated history of the store.
    (SSFC, 12/31/06, p.E1,5)
1995        Jan 15, British soldiers ended daytime patrols in Belfast, Ireland.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)
1995        Jan 15, Pope John Paul II celebrated a final Mass during his visit to the Philippines, drawing millions of people.
    (AP, 1/15/00)

1996        Jan 15, In San Jose, Ca., Romel Reid, was arrested and later indicted  on 23 accounts of rape.
    (SFC, 5/31/96, p.E2)
1996        Jan 15, Juan Garcia Abrego, a top drug suspect, was arrested and deported to the US for trial. He allegedly headed a syndicate with links to cocaine operations in Colombia. Horacio Brunt, Mexican policeman, collared Juan Garcia Abrego, a Mexican drug kingpin. He was sentenced to 11 life terms in 1997.
    (WSJ, 1/16/96, p. A-1)(WSJ, 4/12/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 2/1/97, p.A3)
1996        Jan 15, Ailing Greek Premier Andreas Papandreou resigned.
    (AP, 1/15/01)
1996        Jan 15, Risking the lives of more than 100 hostages in an effort to wipe out their Chechen rebel captors, the Russian military hurled rockets and shells at the tiny village of Pervomayskaya, at the border of Dagestan and Chechnya.
    (WSJ, 1/16/96, p. A-1)(AP, 1/15/01)

1997        Jan 15, Boeing agreed to make rudder changes to its 737 airplanes at an estimated cost of $120 million.
    (WSJ, 1/16/97, p.A1)
1997        Jan 15, The crews of the shuttle Atlantis and the Russian space station Mir had a raucously joyful meeting, hours after their spacecraft had docked.
    (AP, 1/15/98)
1997        Jan 15, The Israeli cabinet approved the Hebron accord 11-7. The Palestinian cabinet approved the accord by a wide margin. A bitterly divided Israeli Cabinet agreed to withdraw troops from most of Hebron and rural West Bank areas, approving an accord wrapped up hours earlier by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat.
    (WSJ, 1/16/97, p.A1)(AP, 1/15/98)
1997        Jan 15, Mexico announced the final $3.5 billion payment on the [Feb,  1995] $13.5 billion US loan.
    (SFC, 1/16/97, p.A1)
1997        Jan 15, In Peru intelligence officers took Leonor LaRosa, a fellow intelligence agent, into custody and began torturing her on accusations that she informed newspapers of military plans to intimidate and assassinate opposition activists and journalists. La Rosa named 4 intelligence agents as directly responsible. Ricardo Anderson was named as one of the 4 agents.
    (SFC, 6/28/97, p.A10)(SFC, 3/11/00, p.A9)(WSJ, 5/30/00, p.A1)

1998        Jan 15, The Feb issue of the American Demographics magazine noted that American adults on average reported 58 sexual episodes a year.
    (SFC, 1/15/98, p.A2)
1998        Jan 15, Pres. Clinton presented the Presidential Medal of Freedom to 15 honorees.
    (SFC, 1/16/98, p.A1,13)
1998        Jan 15, The US and Singapore announced an agreement for US ships to use a planned $35 million naval base beginning in 2000.
    (SFC, 1/16/98, p.B4)
1998        Jan 15, Henry Cisneros' ex-mistress, Linda Medlar Jones, pleaded guilty to misleading federal authorities investigating the former U.S. housing secretary's payment of alleged hush money to her. Jones served nearly 18 months in prison; she was later pardoned by President Clinton.
    (AP, 1/15/08)
1998        Jan 15, Labor Secretary Alexis Herman denied allegations that she had sold her influence in the White House. Herman was cleared in 2000 by Independent Counsel Ralph I. Lancaster.
    (AP, 1/15/08)
1998        Jan 15, Junior Wells (63), Chicago Blues harmonica star, died. His album "Hoodoo Man Blues" was recorded in the 1960s and considered by many as one of the best all-time blues albums.
    (SFC, 1/17/98, p.A19)(MC, 1/15/02)
1998        Jan 15, In Algeria the government agreed to a revamped EU delegation to seek ways to end the violence.
    (SFC, 1/16/98, p.B4)
1998        Jan 15, Eastern Slavonia reintegrated into Croatia. Some 75,000 Croat refugees promised friction with the Serbs occupying their homes. The 2-year UN peace mission ended but 180 int’l. observers were to remain as monitors.
    (SFEC, 8/17/97, Par p.2)(WSJ, 1/15/98, p.A1)(SFC, 1/16/98, p.B2)
1998        Jan 15, In Sri Lanka a Jaffna library of Tamil literature was reopened as a gesture conciliatory gesture toward separatist rebels.
    (WSJ, 1/16/98, p.A1)
1998        Jan 15, In Turkey the parliament passed legislation allowing husbands to be indicted for domestic abuse even if their wives refuse to press charges.
    (SFC, 1/16/98, p.B4)

1999        Jan 15, House prosecutors prodded senators at President Clinton's impeachment trial to summon Monica Lewinsky, Vernon Jordan and others for testimony and "invite the president" to appear as well.
    (AP, 1/15/00)
1999        Jan 15, SF based AirTouch was sold to Vodafone Group PLC of Britain for $56 billion.
    (SFC, 1/16/99, p.A1)
1999        Jan 15, Off of Argentina a Liberian tanker collided with a German vessel and leaked over 65,000 gallons of crude oil near the Rio de la Plata, 50 miles north of Buenos Aires.
    (SFC, 1/23/99, p.C1)
1999        Jan 15, In Brazil the real was allowed to float and the Bovespa index moved up 33%. The real closed at 1.43 to the dollar.
    (SFC, 1/16/99, p.A10)
1999        Jan 15, China asserted its sovereignty over the potentially oil-rich Spratly Islands and rejected a Philippine proposal to discuss the disputed islands.
    (SFC, 1/16/99, p.A11)
1999        Jan 15, In Greece some 30,000 people protested new education reforms that would base university entrance on course work rather than a single exam.
    (SFC, 1/16/99, p.A11)
1999        Jan 15, In southern India a stampede by Hindu pilgrims left 51 dead after a hill collapsed near the Sabarimala shrine.
    (WSJ, 1/15/99, p.A1)
1999        Jan 15, In Iraq the US again fired at an air-defense site.
    (WSJ, 1/15/99, p.A1)
1999        Jan 15, In Kosovo Yugoslav army units killed 15 Albanian rebels. Later reports indicated that 45 Albanians were massacred at Racak.
    (SFC, 1/16/99, p.A10)(SFC, 1/22/99, p.A10)
1999        Jan 15, The Sudanese government and rebels agreed to a 3-month extension of a cease-fire in a southwestern province.
    (SFC, 1/16/99, p.A11)

2000        Jan 15, The US EPA placed new restrictions on the cultivation of genetically modified Bt corn.
    (SFEC, 1/16/00, p.A5)
2000        Jan 15, Madeleine Albright stopped in Colombia to discuss a $1.2 billion emergency aid package that included $400 million for 30 US Blackhawk helicopters to help in the drug war.
    (SFEC, 1/16/00, p.A25)
2000        Jan 15, In Belgrade Serbian paramilitary leader Zeljko Raznatovic (47), aka Arkan, was shot dead along with associates. Serb police later arrested 3 suspects, Dobrosav Gavric (23), Dejan Pitulic (33), and Vujadin Krstic (36), and called the murder a gangland hit.
    (SFEC, 1/16/00, p.A1,16)(SFEC, 1/23/00, p.A27)(WSJ, 1/24/00, p.A23)
2000        Jan 15, In China 5.9 and 6.5 earthquakes hit in Yunnan province and 4 people were killed.
    (SFEC, 1/16/00, p.A25)
2000        Jan 15, In Colombia the government military claimed to have killed 44 guerrillas. 6 soldier and police also died as well as 8 civilians in a town 30 miles southeast of Bogota.
    (SFC, 1/18/00, p.A9)
2000        Jan 15, In San Jose, Costa Rica, a Czech-built Let 410 Taxi Aereo Centroamericano flight crashed and 4 people were killed with 17 injured.
    (SFC, 1/17/00, p.A11)
2000        Jan 15, In Russia Gennady Zyuganov and Grigory Yavlinsky joined the presidential race.
    (SFEC, 1/16/00, p.A16)

2001        Jan 15, President-elect Bush marked the Martin Luther King Jr. holiday at an elementary school in Houston, where he promised wary black Americans: "My job will be to listen not only to the successful, but also to the suffering."
    (AP, 1/15/02)
2001        Jan 15, Jimmy Wales (35), a retired futures and options trader, founded Wikipedia, an Internet encyclopedia. It started as an offshoot of Nupedia, a free, online encyclopedia written by experts. Larry Sanger and Jimmy Wales came up with the idea of allowing anybody to edit entries. In 2009 Andrew Lih authored “The Wikipedia Revolution: How as Bunch of Nobodies Created the World’s Greatest Encyclopedia."
    (SFC, 12/6/05, p.A10)(WSJ, 3/18/09, p.A13)(SFC, 1/15/11, p.D1)(Econ, 1/15/11, p.14)
2001        Jan 15, In East Africa the presidents of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda formed a regional partnership, reviving one that collapsed in 1978.
    (SFC, 1/16/01, p.A10)
2001        Jan 15, The Jan 13 El Salvador earthquake death toll climbed to over 707 and damages were estimated at $1 billion [see Jan 13].
    (SFC, 1/16/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 1/21/01, p.D1)
2001        Jan 15, The Palestinian authority offered amnesty to suspected collaborators with Israel.
    (SFC, 1/16/01, p.A9)
2001        Jan 15, In the Philippines flooding of the Balugo River and tributaries drove some 12,000 people from their homes.
    (SFC, 1/16/01, p.A10)

2002        Jan 15, It was reported that an American, Clark Russell Bowers (37), had been taken hostage in Afghanistan with ransom at $25k.
    (SFC, 1/15/02, p.A10)
2002        Jan 15, Nancy Pelosi, California Senator, began her position as Democratic whip.
    (SFC, 1/15/02, p.A1)
2002        Jan 15, Attorney General John Ashcroft said that John Walker Lindh, the 20-year-old Californian who had fought alongside the Taliban in Afghanistan, would be charged with conspiracy to kill U.S. citizens and could face life in prison if convicted. Lindh received a 20-year sentence after pleading guilty to supplying services to the Taliban and carrying explosives in commission of a felony.
    (SFC, 1/16/02, p.A1)(SFC, 1/25/02, p.A20)(AP, 1/15/03)
2002        Jan 15, Arthur Andersen LLP said it was firing senior auditor David B. Duncan, who had organized a "rushed disposal" of Enron documents after federal regulators requested information about the failing energy company.
    (AP, 1/15/03)
2002        Jan 15, Michael Bilandic (78), former Chicago mayor and Illinois Supreme Court chief justice, died.
    (AP, 1/15/03)
2002        Jan 15, In Argentina protesters rioted in 3 provinces as the peso fell to 1.95 to the dollar from 1.7
    (SFC, 1/16/02, p.A8)
2002        Jan 15, Fighting began in Burundi between the army and Hutu rebels. At least 60 people were dead after a week.
    (SFC, 1/26/02, p.A8)
2002        Jan 15, China reported that at least 50 miners were killed in 3 separate mine accidents.
    (SFC, 1/16/02, p.A7)
2002        Jan 15, In Colombia FARC rebels staged attacks in Puente Quetame, Ibague, Guayabal and Cubarral following an accord to continue peace talks. At least 4 people were killed.
    (SFC, 1/16/02, p.A8)
2002        Jan 15, Palestinian gunmen killed 2 Israelis in separate attacks in the West Bank and near Jerusalem. Avi Boaz (71) was abducted and killed after visiting with a Palestinian family. The Palestinian Authority arrested Ahmed Saadat, sec. gen’l. of the PFLP.
    (SFC, 1/16/02, p.A7)(SFC, 1/17/02, p.A11)
2002        Jan 15, Philippine police arrested Fathur Rohman Al-Ghozi of Indonesia, an alleged bomb-maker in an al Qaeda linked terrorist cell. Ghozi admitted to providing munitions and financing for the Dec 30, 2000, attack in Manila that killed 22.
    (WSJ, 1/21/02, p.A10)
2002        Jan 15, In the Philippines 15 people were killed in a shootout between Muslim demonstrators and police in Jolo.
    (SFC, 1/16/02, p.A7)

2003        Jan 15, White House budget director Mitchell Daniels predicted federal deficits will exceed $200 billion and probably go over $300 billion in 2004.
    (SFC, 1/16/03, p.A7)(AP, 1/15/04)
2003        Jan 15, A Texas Tech professor was arrested on a complaint of giving false information to the FBI. Authorities said Thomas C. Butler had reported that vials containing deadly bacteria were missing when, in fact, he had destroyed them. Butler was later acquitted at trial of the most serious charges against him, including lying to the FBI.
    (AP, 1/15/04)
2003        Jan 15, Mickey Mouse and The Walt Disney Company scored a big victory as the Supreme Court upheld longer copyright protections for cartoon characters, songs, books and other creations worth billions of dollars.
    (AP, 1/15/04)
2003        Jan 15, The EU Parliament voted to ban the use of animals to test cosmetics by 2009. Imports of cosmetics using animal testing would also be banned.
    (WSJ, 1/16/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 15, Lufthansa introduced Internet access to passengers on a flight from Germany to Washington DC.
    (SFC, 1/15/03, p.B1)
2003        Jan 15, Former New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani ended a two-day visit to Mexico's capital, declaring that fighting government corruption will be crucial in lowering crime.
    (AP, 1/15/03)

2004        Jan 15, Carol Moseley Braun ended her White House, leaving an all-male field for the presidency and giving her support to Democratic front-runner Howard Dean.
    (AP, 1/15/04)
2004        Jan 15, The NASA Spirit rover rolled onto the surface of Mars for the first time since the vehicle bounced to a landing nearly two weeks earlier.
    (AP, 1/15/05)
2004        Jan 15, Olivia Goldsmith (54), author of "The First Wives Club" (1992), died in NYC of complications from plastic surgery. Her book became a revenge fantasy for wives tossed aside in favor of younger women. It became a No. 1 film in 1996 starring Goldie Hawn, Diane Keaton and Bette Midler.
    (AP, 1/16/04)(SFC, 1/17/04, p.A17)
2004        Jan 15, Ron O’Neal (66), star of the 1972 film "Superfly," died in Los Angeles.
    (SFC, 1/16/04, p.A3)(SFC, 1/17/04, p.A17)
2004        Jan 15, In Argentina Pres. Nestor Kirchner ordered an investigation into charges the army operated training camps on torture techniques during the mid-80s.
    (AP, 1/16/04)
2004        Jan 15, In Australia regular train service from Adelaide to Darwin in 43 hours was set to begin. Plans for the Transcontinental line had begun in 1911.
    (SSFC, 10/26/03, p.A1)
2004        Jan 15, Manik Saha (49), a Bangladeshi reporter for the New Age newspaper and the BBC, was leaving a press club when unidentified attackers hurled a bomb at him. He was the first journalist in the world to be murdered in 2004.
    (AP, 1/16/04)
2004        Jan 15, Ecuador's government declared a state of emergency in the prison system after a series of protests.
    (AP, 2/18/04)
2004        Jan 15, India and Pakistan, resumed rail services across their border. The frontier had been closed for 2 years.
    (SFC, 1/16/04, p.A16)
2004        Jan 15, Iraqi bank notes bearing Saddam Hussein's portrait became obsolete as a three-month period to exchange old bills for new ones came to an end. The new currency required 27 flights of 747 planes for delivery.
    (AP, 1/15/04)(WSJ, 1/20/04, p.A14)
2004        Jan 15, In Karachi, Pakistan, a car bomb blew up outside a Christian Bible society, injuring 12 people.
    (AP, 1/15/04)
2004        Jan 15, Amnesty Int'l. said more than 400 prisoners have been hanged since 1991 in Singapore, mostly for drug offenses. The London-based rights report on Singapore was entitled "A Hidden Toll of Executions."
    (AP, 1/15/04)(WSJ, 1/16/04, p.A1)

2005        Jan 15, A military court at Fort Hood, Texas, sentenced Army Specialist Charles Graner Jr. to 10 years behind bars for physically and sexually mistreating Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison. Graner (42) was released from prison In Leavenworth, Kansas, on Aug 6, 2011.
    (AP, 1/15/06)(SSFC, 8/7/11, p.A10)
2005        Jan 15, Michelle Kwan won her ninth title at the U.S. Figure Skating Championships; earlier, Johnny Weir won his second straight men's title..
    (AP, 1/15/06)
2005        Jan 15, Dan Lee (35), Pixar animator, died in Berkeley, Ca. His work included the design of Nemo in Pixar’s animated film “Finding Nemo."
    (SFC, 2/1/05, p.B7)
2005        Jan 15, Ruth Warrick (88), stage and screen actress and the inveterate busybody on "All My Children," died in NY. She played Phoebe Tyler Wallingford in the TV soap opera that debuted in 1970.
    (AP, 1/18/05)
2005        Jan 15, Visiting Chancellor of the Exchequer Gordon Brown revealed that Britain has decided to cancel Mozambique's total debt to it of 150 million dollars (114 million euros) to help the southern African country combat poverty. He said: "We've also agreed to pay 10 percent of Mozambique's multilateral debt."
    (AP, 1/15/05)
2005        Jan 15, China and Taiwan agreed to allow the first direct flights since 1949.
    (AP, 1/15/05)
2005        Jan 15, Gunmen shot and killed three police officers as authorities stormed a house in Kaspiisk, a port on the Caspian Sea in the Russian province of Dagestan. Riot police and other security forces besieged a house in the provincial capital, Makhachkala, where gunmen were hiding and one officer was killed.
    (AP, 1/16/05)
2005        Jan 15, Denmark’s waterfront opera house opened in Copenhagen. Arnold Maersk McKinney Moeller put up $440 million for the project.
    (SFC, 4/17/12, p.C4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copenhagen_Opera_House)
2005        Jan 15, Sami Mohammed Ali Said al-Jaaf, also known as Abu Omar al-Kurdi, was arrested during a raid in Baghdad. On Jan 24 authorities announced the arrest of Al-Jaaf, an al-Qaida figure allegedly behind the vast majority of the car bombings in Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/24/05)
2005        Jan 15, In Kashmir separatist guerrillas stormed a government building in Srinagar, triggering a gunbattle with security forces days ahead of Republic Day celebrations.
    (AP, 1/15/05)
2005        Jan 15, Police and militants fought a gun battle in a small Kuwaiti town near a US military logistics center, leaving one Saudi gunman dead and two policemen wounded.
    (AP, 1/15/05)
2005        Jan 15, Mahmoud Abbas was sworn in as Palestinian Authority president. 46 members of the Palestinian election commission, including top managers, resigned saying they were pressured by Mahmoud Abbas' campaign and intelligence officials to abruptly change voting procedures during the Jan. 9 presidential poll.
    (AP, 1/15/05)
2005        Jan 15, Massive demonstrations across Russia posed a major challenge to President Vladimir Putin, and Moscow authorities bowed to the demands of protesting retirees by restoring some of their state benefits, such as free public transportation and subsidized medicine.
    (AP, 1/15/05)
2005        Jan 15, Savo Todovic (52), a Bosnian Serb wanted by the U.N. war crimes tribunal for crimes he allegedly committed during the 1992-95 war, surrendered to Bosnian Serb police.
    (AP, 1/15/05)
2005        Jan 15, Opera singer Victoria de los Angeles (81) died in Barcelona, Spain.
    (AP, 1/15/06)

2006        Jan 15, A spokesman said Rep Bob Ney, an Ohio Republican implicated in a lobbying corruption investigation, will step aside temporarily as chairman of the US House Administration Committee.
    (AP, 1/16/06)
2006        Jan 15, Police in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, arrested Brian Hooks and Thomas Daugherty, two teenagers charged with murdering Norris Gaynor (45), a homeless man. Three such attacks were conducted in the early hours of January 12, leaving Gaynor dead and two others seriously wounded. In 2008 Brian Hooks (21) and Thomas Dougherty (19) faced trial for murder and attempted murder. 2 other youths played lesser roles. On Oct 23 Dougherty was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AFP, 1/15/06)(SFC, 9/5/08, p.A5)(SFC, 10/24/08, p.A4)
2006        Jan 15, The NASA space capsule, Stardust, returned safely to Earth in a desert near Salt Lake City with the first dust ever fetched from a comet, a cosmic bounty that scientists hope will yield clues to how the solar system formed.
    (http://stardust.jpl.nasa.gov/photo/er.html)(AP, 1/15/06)
2006        Jan 15, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomb hit a Canadian military convoy, killing three civilians, including a Canadian diplomat.
    (AP, 1/15/06)
2006        Jan 15, Chileans voted in a presidential runoff election that pitted Michelle Bachelet, a socialist pediatrician promising to maintain the country's free-market policies, against Sebastian Pinera, a Harvard-trained economist and multimillionaire businessman vowing to fight poverty. Michelle Bachelet (54) won the elections with 53% of the vote, compared to 46% for Pinera.
    (AP, 1/16/06)
2006        Jan 15, Finnish President Tarja Halonen won the first round of the country's presidential election, but failed to obtain an absolute majority and will be forced into a runoff.
    (AP, 1/15/06)
2006        Jan 15, Iran’s Pres. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad proposed his 1st budget bill. The government expected some $36 billion in oil revenues, promised to build 300,000 housing units and planned to maintain energy subsidies amounting to 10% of GDP.
    (Econ, 2/11/06, p.45)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahmoud_Ahmadinezhad)
2006        Jan 15, Iran said it would sponsor a conference to examine the scientific evidence supporting the Holocaust.
    (AP, 1/15/06)
2006        Jan 15, The US military freed 509 Iraqi detainees from three prisons in Iraq, including two journalists who work for Reuters.
    (AFP, 1/15/06)
2006        Jan 15, Israel’s acting PM Ehud Olmert faced his first major test when he led his Cabinet in a unanimous decision to let Palestinians vote in Jerusalem later this month.
    (AP, 1/15/06)
2006        Jan 15, Crown prince Sheik Saad Al Abdullah Al Sabah, in his mid-70s and ailing himself, assumed the throne of Kuwait following the death of emir Sheik Jaber Al Ahmed Al Sabah.
    (AP, 1/15/06)
2006        Jan 15, In Malaysia a homemade bomb filled with nails and bullet casings exploded outside a shopping mall on Penang island, killing one man and injuring another.
    (AP, 1/16/06)
2006        Jan 15, Separatist gunmen shot dead several Nigerian troops and overran an oil plant run by the Anglo-Dutch Shell, amid fears for the safety of four kidnapped foreign workers. The Movement for the Emancipation of the Nigerian Delta (MEND) claimed responsibility. MEND told Shell to pay $1.5 billion to the state of Bayelsa for pollution it said Shell has caused.
    (AFP, 1/15/06)(Econ, 1/21/06, p.47)
2006        Jan 15, North Korea news reported that North Korea has awarded a medal for the first time to an American, Ellsworth Culver (1927-2005), the late leader of Mercy Corps, a U.S.-based aid group, for his efforts to help the communist state fight hunger and poverty.
    (AP, 1/15/06)
2006        Jan 15, An overcrowded boat capsized during a religious sea parade in a remote central Philippine province, and at least 16 people drowned and more were missing.
    (AP, 1/15/06)
2006        Jan 15, Taiwan's ruling party elected a former close aide to President Chen Shui-bian as its new leader, a move seen as an endorsement of Chen and his pro-independence stance.
    (AFP, 1/15/06)
2006        Jan 15, A Turkish girl died from suspected bird flu, while her brother was critically ill in hospital after testing positive for the virus.
    (Reuters, 1/15/06)

2007        Jan 15, In the 64th Golden Globe Awards the film "Babel" won for best dramatic film; "Dreamgirls" was named best musical or comedy; "Grey’s Anatomy" won best dramatic television series, while "Ugly Betty" won for best TV musical or comedy series. Forest Whitaker won the film actor award for “The Last King of Scotland; Helen Mirren won the film actress award for “The Queen."
    (SFC, 1/16/07, p.E1)(AP, 1/15/08)
2007        Jan 15, California’s top agricultural official said 3 days of freezing temperatures had ruined as much as 70% of the state’s citrus crop.
    (SFC, 1/16/07, p.A1)
2007        Jan 15, The death toll from a powerful winter storm rose to 36 across six states as utility crews labored to restore service to hundreds of thousands of Missouri households and businesses enduring cold weather without electricity for heat and lights.
    (AP, 1/15/07)
2007        Jan 15, Richard Musgrave (b.1910), German-born American economist and Harvard professor (1965-1981), died in Santa Cruz, Ca. His books included the classic textbook: “The Theory of Public Finance: A Study in Public Economy."
    (SFC, 1/22/07, p.B4)
2007        Jan 15, In southern Afghanistan NATO troops attacked a militant base in an operation that left one Western soldier dead and several wounded. 13 suspected Taliban militants were killed and 17 others were wounded during the clash with NATO troops. Gunmen in the east killed a deputy provincial council chief. Afghan agents arrested Abul Haq Haqiq, aka Dr. Mohammad Hanif, one of two spokesmen who often contacted journalists on behalf of the Taliban, in eastern Afghanistan. He said that fugitive leader Mullah Mohammad Omar is under the protection of the ISI in Quetta. (ISI is Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence agency and Quetta is a city in southwestern Pakistan near the border with Afghanistan.) Afghan officials have alleged some of the Taliban's leadership may be based there.
    (AP, 1/15/07)(AP, 1/16/07)(AFP, 1/17/07)
2007        Jan 15, A British prosecutor told a jury that 6 men plotted to kill London subway and bus passengers with bombs made from hydrogen peroxide and flour on July 21, 2005, two weeks after suicide bombers killed 52 commuters in the city. The devices failed to explode.
    (AP, 1/15/07)
2007        Jan 15, It was reported that a team at the British institute that cloned Dolly the sheep have made a genetically engineered chicken that produces cancer drugs in its eggs. The proteins they chose were miR24, a monoclonal antibody with potential for treating melanoma, and human interferon b-1a, an immune system protein from a family of proteins that attacks tumors and viruses.
    (Reuters, 1/15/07)
2007        Jan 15, More than 100 rebels attacked a northwestern town in the Central African Republic, sparking the first fighting with government troops in more than a month.
    (AP, 1/15/07)
2007        Jan 15, Anti-government rebels in Chad said they have captured a new location in the far north of the central African country after ending a truce at the weekend. Chadian defense minister, General Bichara Issa Djadallah, denied the rebel claim.
    (AFP, 1/15/07)
2007        Jan 15, More than 500 armed militants in Chechnya and other parts of Russia's troubled North Caucasus surrendered to authorities as part of an amnesty that expired at day’s end.
    (AP, 1/15/07)
2007        Jan 15, Bo Yibo (b.1908), one of China's first Communist revolutionaries and a member of the post-Mao circle of leaders known as the "eight immortals," died in Beijing.
    (AFP, 1/16/07)
2007        Jan 15, In Colombia Eugenio Montoya Sanchez (37), believed by authorities to be a leader of the Norte del Valle drug cartel, was captured following a shootout, ending a years-long hunt for a man wanted by American officials for allegedly smuggling tons of cocaine into the US. 2 cold-storage tanks owned by a Nestle supplier outside the town of San Vicente de Caguan were blown up in an attack also attributed to the FARC. Salvatore Mancuso became the 1st senior paramilitary leader to make a voluntary confession of his involvement in kidnappings and mass murders. Sanchez was later extradited to the US and in 2009 pleaded guilty to drug trafficking. He was sentenced to 30 years in prison.
    (AP, 1/16/07)(AP, 1/19/07)(Econ, 1/20/07, p.48)(SFC, 4/29/09, p.A4)
2007        Jan 15, In Ecuador nationalist Rafael Correa was sworn in as president. He pledged to fight a political establishment widely discredited as corrupt. He signed a decree calling a referendum for a Constituent Assembly and doubled a monthly welfare payment to $30 for some 1.3 million of the poorest people.
    (AP, 1/15/07)(Econ, 1/20/07, p.48)(Econ, 4/21/07, p.39)
2007        Jan 15, In India hundreds of Hindu holy men, naked but for the ash smeared on their bodies and an occasional marigold garland, led a sea of humanity to the waters of the Ganges River to wash away their sins at the apex of a weekslong pilgrimage.
    (AP, 1/15/07)
2007        Jan 15, Two top aides to Saddam Hussein were hanged before dawn, and the head of one of them, the former Iraqi dictator's half brother Barzan Ibrahim, was severed from his body during the execution. 3 policemen were killed and two hurt when a roadside bomb targeted their car in a southeastern section of Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/15/07)
2007        Jan 15, The Israeli government published plans to build 44 homes in Israel's largest West Bank settlement, violating a pledge to the US as Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice was in the region on a peace-seeking mission.
    (AP, 1/15/07)
2007        Jan 15, An Israeli court ruled that a dead soldier's family can have his sperm impregnated into the body of a woman he never met.
    (AP, 1/29/07)
2007        Jan 15, Kyrgyzstan Pres. Bakiyev signed into law constitutional amendments strengthening his powers that he had pushed through after threatening to dissolve parliament.
    (AP, 1/15/07)
2007        Jan 15, President Felipe Calderon launched a program to create jobs for young Mexicans and curb the flow of millions of migrants to the United States.
    (AP, 1/15/07)
2007        Jan 15, The editor and a journalist at a Moroccan news weekly that published jokes relating to Islam were convicted of insulting the religion. The court gave three-year suspended sentences to Driss Ksikes, editor of Nichane, and to journalist Sanaa al-Aji. Both were barred from journalistic activity with Nichane for two months and the independent Arab-language magazine was suspended for two months. They were fined $9,280 each.
    (AP, 1/15/07)(AP, 1/30/07)
2007        Jan 15, Nepal’s Parliament was dissolved and replaced by an interim legislature including former communist rebels, a major step to co-opt the ex-guerrillas into mainstream Nepalese politics after they agreed to end their decade-long insurgency. 4-time prime minister Girija Prasad Koirala became acting head of state, succeeding King Gyanendra.
    (AP, 1/15/07)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Girija_Prasad_Koirala)
2007        Jan 15, Some 2,000 ethnic Pashtun tribesmen rallied in this Pakistani border town near Afghanistan to condemn the Pakistani government for new border control measures.
    (AP, 1/15/07)
2007        Jan 15, Russian authorities began cracking down on millions of illegal migrants throughout Russia as new rules tightening government control of migration came into effect, prompting concerns that the country could face serious shortages of low-wage laborers.
    (AP, 1/15/07)
2007        Jan 15, A cargo ship and a commuter hydrofoil collided near the entrance to the Sicilian port of Messina, killing four people and leaving dozens of passengers injured.
    (AP, 1/16/07)
2007        Jan 15, Somali troops and allied Ethiopian soldiers conducted house-to-house searches, pursuing gunmen who carried out an attack in the northeastern part of the capital.
    (AP, 1/15/07)
2007        Jan 15, In South Korea unionized workers at Hyundai Motor Co. began a promised partial strike amid a dispute with management over bonuses.
    (AP, 1/15/07)

2008        Jan 15, Pres. Bush signed an exemption to allow the US Navy to continue using high-power sonar off the coast of Southern California. Anti-submarine warfare training would still not go forward because an injunction was in place against the practice due to its effect on whales and other marine mammals. On Feb 4 a federal judge rejected the Bush exemption.
    (SFC, 1/17/08, p.A3)(SFC, 2/5/08, p.A3)
2008        Jan 15, Republican Mitt Romney won the Michigan primary with 39.4% of the vote. McCain got 30% and Huckabee 15.4%.
    (SFC, 1/16/08, p.A11)
2008        Jan 15, A US District judge ordered the border city of Eagle Pass, Texas, to surrender 233 acres to the federal government for the construction of a border fence by the Homeland Security Dept.
    (SFC, 1/17/08, p.A5)
2008        Jan 15, US lawyers for the families of seven Americans killed in the Sep, 1989, bombing of French UTA Flight 772 said a federal judge in Washington has ordered Libya and six of its officials to pay more than $6 billion in damages.
    (Reuters, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 15, Citigroup Inc. said it lost $9.8 billion in last year's final three months, the largest quarterly deficit in its 196-year history. The company slashed its dividend and 4,200 jobs as it recorded a mammoth write-down for bad bets on the mortgage industry. Vikram Pandit planned a $14.5 capital infusion from sovereign wealth funds and others.
    (AP, 1/15/08)(Econ, 1/19/08, p.82)
2008        Jan 15, Brad Renfro (25), a street-smart Tennessee schoolboy plucked from obscurity in 1993 to play the title role in "The Client" (1993), was found dead in his home in LA.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 15, A Boeing-built satellite for mobile voice and data services was placed in orbit by a rocket launched from a floating platform in the Pacific Ocean.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 15, Afghan authorities raided a house in Kabul where the alleged attackers on the Serena Hotel had spent the night before the attack. Police found a video showing two of the assailants, identified as Farouq and Salahuddin, saying they were ready to die. The owner of the house and his brother were arrested. Officials said heavy snow, avalanches and cold weather have killed at least 85 people in western Afghanistan in recent days.
    (AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, Australia's new government told an Indian envoy that it will not sell uranium to his country while it is not a member of the global nonproliferation treaty.
    (AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, An Australian judge banned the company that conducts Japan's whale hunt from killing the animals in a large part of its regular hunting grounds off Antarctica. Japanese whalers said they are holding captive two activists who "illegally" boarded their vessel in the Southern Ocean, in a dramatic escalation in the battle between the two sides.
    (AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, Barbados held elections. The opposition swept to power, winning at least 20 of the 30 seats in Barbados' legislature. David Thompson led the Democratic Labor Party back to power and inherited a public debt equal to 88% of GDP.
    (AP, 1/16/08)(Econ, 1/19/08, p.40)
2008        Jan 15, Brazil signed accords with Cuba offering economic aid and sealed a deal to drill for oil off the island’s coast. Brazil’s Pres. Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva Trade with businessmen in tow signed trade and investment deals totaling some $1 billion.
    (WSJ, 1/16/08, p.A1)(Econ, 6/28/08, p.45)
2008        Jan 15, Britain and Russia traded threats and recrimination as a diplomatic feud over the role of the British government's cultural arm worsened.
    (Reuters, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, The Canadian government fired the country's top nuclear watchdog, criticizing her for how she handled the closure of a key reactor which makes medical radioisotopes.
    (Reuters, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 15, Finland's Nokia, the top global mobile phone manufacturer, said that it planned to close a factory in Germany by mid-year which employs 2,300 workers.
    (AFP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, The French government announced during a visit by Pres. Sarkozy that it will set up a permanent military base of up to 500 troops in the United Arab Emirates.
    (AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, In Georgia tens of thousands of people demonstrated in Tbilisi, pressing for a presidential runoff but celebrating an agreement giving the opposition more control over the main state-funded television station.
    (AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, India confirmed a bird flu outbreak among poultry following the death of thousands of chickens in the past week in the state of West Bengal. A train collided with a packed auto rickshaw in eastern India, killing nine people and injuring two.
    (AFP, 1/15/08)(AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, In Iraq 5 school children were killed after being struck by a car in the convoy of a top judicial official during a chaotic gunbattle with checkpoint guards in Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 15, Israeli tanks and helicopters raided Gaza, killing the son of the territory's most powerful leader and 16 other Palestinians in the bloodiest day of fighting since Hamas seized the coastal strip in June.
    (AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, Kenya’s legislators chose an opposition member as parliament speaker in a close vote, giving a victory to foes of the president as they prepared for mass protest rallies. Grace Kaindi, the police chief of Kisumu, said she had ordered her officers to fire on a rioting crowd, saying she was forced to because police were overwhelmed during protests over disputed elections. Of the 612 deaths government officials have attributed to election violence, 53 were in Kisumu; hospital records show 44 of those were killed by police bullets.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 15, An explosion targeted a US Embassy vehicle in northern Beirut, killing four Lebanese and injuring a local embassy employee.
    (AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, In Mexico before dawn Margarito Saldana, Tijuana district commander, was shot dead while he slept in his home.
    (AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, In Nigeria a civilian was killed and two policemen injured in an overnight attack on the convoy of a port authority official in the oil hub city Port Harcourt. Anglo-Dutch energy giant Shell said that local people were hampering efforts to repair the sabotaged pipelines at the Forcados export terminal in southern Nigeria.
    (AFP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, In Pakistan some 200 Islamic militants overran the Sararogha Fort close to the Afghan border breaking through the walls with rockets. The battle killed seven soldiers and left 20 missing. The military said 50 attackers died.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 15, In the Philippines gunmen ransacked a Roman Catholic school in the southernmost Tawi-Tawi Island, fatally shooting Reynaldo Roda (55), a priest who had received death threats from Muslim militants and abducting a teacher.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 15, In Saudi Arabia Pres. Bush urged OPEC nations to put more oil on the world market and warned that soaring prices could cause an economic slowdown in the US. The kingdom's oil minister said Saudi Arabia will raise oil production when the market justifies it.
    (AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, A southern official said in the local press that troops from northern Sudan are hiding out in bushes of south Sudan in defiance of a peace deal requirement to withdraw.
    (AFP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, Singing schoolchildren welcomed Taiwanese President Chen Shui-bian to St. Lucia for his first visit since the small Caribbean island shifted diplomatic ties to Taipei instead of rival China.
    (AP, 1/16/08)
2008        Jan 15, In southern Thailand suspected Muslim insurgents exploded a bomb that left at least 39 people injured in a market in Yala.
    (AP, 1/15/08)
2008        Jan 15, Turkish warplanes bombed Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq in the latest in a series of cross-border air strikes.
    (AFP, 1/15/08)

2009        Jan 15, Pres. George W. Bush offered his own first draft of history, summarizing eight years in office. He told the country that while his policies have been unpopular, there can be little debate about the results saying America has gone more than seven years without another terrorist attack on our soil.
    (AP, 1/16/09)
2009        Jan 15, Pres. Bush passed new rules to end over fishing of 40 struggling marine species. Under the rules the nation’s 8 regional fishery management councils must draw up measures to end over fishing by 2010.
    (WSJ, 1/26/09, p.A2)
2009        Jan 15, Eric Holder, Obama’s choice for attorney general, called waterboarding torture and vowed to shut Guantanamo.
    (WSJ, 1/16/09, p.A1)
2009        Jan 15, Roland Burris was sworn in as junior senator from Illinois.
    (SFC, 1/16/09, p.A4)
2009        Jan 15, The US dollar strengthened against the ruble to a record 32.40 rubles, well above the high set in 2003. The depreciation was expected to continue.
    (WSJ, 1/16/09, p.C8)
2009        Jan 15, A US Airways Airbus A320 jetliner, piloted by Chesley B. Sullenberger and bound for Charlotte, NC, landed in the Hudson River after both engines failed shortly after takeoff from LaGuardia and an encounter with a flock of geese. All 155 people aboard Flight 1549 survived.
    (AP, 1/16/09)(WSJ, 1/16/09, p.A3)
2009        Jan 15, In western Afghanistan Gen. Fazaludin Sayar, a top Afghan army general, was killed in a helicopter crash. All 12 others aboard were also killed.
    (AP, 1/15/09)
2009        Jan 15, Australia's tropical Queensland state declared a flood disaster over an area the size of France and Germany after recent monsoon storms. The floods are eventually expected to move inland, helping fill lakes and relieving a long-running drought in parts of Australia's desert interior and tropical north.
    (Reuters, 1/20/09)
2009        Jan 15, The British government announced its support for a controversial third runway at London's chronically overcrowded Heathrow Airport, despite angry opposition from green groups and locals.
    (AP, 1/15/09)
2009        Jan 15, Bulgarians held a rally outside parliament for the second day to demand that their government resign because of alleged corruption and a deepening economic crisis.
    (AP, 1/15/09)
2009        Jan 15, A police official said Chinese authorities have detained 13 members of a gang suspected of kidnapping and selling children, sometimes swooping by on motorcycles and snatching them in broad daylight. Xinhua News Agency said Su Tonghua (21) was arrested on Dec. 31. His 12 accomplices were arrested last week.
    (AP, 1/15/09)
2009        Jan 15, Denmark's central bank lowered its key interest rate by 0.75 to 3 percent.
    (AP, 1/15/09)
2009        Jan 15, The European Central Bank cuts its key rate by half a point to 2%, matching its lowest level ever, set in December 2005.
    (WSJ, 1/16/09, p.A5)
2009        Jan 15, The last Ethiopian troops backing Somalia's fragile government left Mogadishu, as Islamist forces took control of bases that the Ethiopians had vacated. An Islamist court under Shabab publicly executed politician Abdirahman Ahmed (55) to death by firing squad for showing sympathy for Christianity.
    (AP, 1/15/09)(Econ, 2/28/09, p.48)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdirahman_Ahmed)
2009        Jan 15, In Hong Kong Grace Mugabe (43), the wife of Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe, struck a photographer in the face repeatedly as her bodyguard grabbed him when he was trying to snap photos of her leaving the five-star Kowloon Shangri-la Hotel. She was later granted diplomatic immunity from prosecution over her alleged assault of the British journalist.
    (AFP, 3/22/09)(http://tinyurl.com/clw9hb)
2009        Jan 15, Iraq's minister of higher education escaped injury when a roadside bomb exploded near his convoy in central Baghdad. A government security guard was killed and four people were wounded in another blast. Iraqi police arrested 13 suspected Sunni insurgents north of Baghdad, including three senior members of an al-Qaida front group.
    (AP, 1/15/09)
2009        Jan 15, The Irish government nationalized Anglo Irish Bank after its chairman, Sean Fitzpatrick, failed to disclose some €83 million in personal loans.
    (Econ, 2/28/09, p.54)(www.gavinsblog.com/2009/01/15/anglo-irish-bank-nationalised/)
2009        Jan 15, Israel shelled the UN headquarters in the Gaza Strip, engulfing the compound and the main warehouse in fire and destroying thousands of pounds of food and humanitarian supplies intended for Palestinian refugees. Fighting killed at least 70 people including 2 top Hamas leaders, Said Siam (49), the minister of the interior, and deputy Salah Abu Sharah. Gaza medical officials said 1,100 Palestinians have been killed since Israel's offensive started Dec. 27. Israeli soldiers used a Palestinian child, later identified as Majd R, as a human shield by forcing him to check for booby traps. In 2010 two Israeli soldiers were convicted of using the child as a human shield. They received suspended sentences and demotions.
    (AP, 1/15/09)(SFC, 1/16/09, p.A2)(AP, 10/3/10)(AP, 11/21/10)
2009        Jan 15, Kazakh lawmakers approved legislation to guarantee at least two political parties are represented in parliament, a move designed to improve the Central Asian nation's tarnished democratic credentials.
    (AP, 1/15/09)
2009        Jan 15, A Luxembourg court ordered Swiss bank UBS AG to pay French financial company Oddo & Cie euro30 million ($40 million) it had invested in a fund linked to the alleged fraud perpetrated by US financier Bernard Madoff.
    (AP, 1/15/09)
2009        Jan 15, Police in New Zealand said they had nabbed a man who was trying to crack a bar's safe after posting security camera footage of the act on the Internet networking site Facebook.
    (AP, 1/15/09)
2009        Jan 15, Pakistani officials said 71 people have been arrested in a crackdown on groups allegedly linked to the Mumbai attacks, while adding that the information India has handed over needs work before it can be used as evidence in court. Pakistan also said security forces had closed five training camps run by Lashkar-e-Taiba, the group blamed for the Mumbai attack, and arrested the entire top, middle and lower-level leadership and those of a related charity. Security forces killed and injured a large number of militants in the Swat valley in the country's northwest. Four local militant commanders died in the clash.
    (AP, 1/15/09)(Reuters, 1/15/09)(AP, 1/16/09)(WSJ, 1/16/09, p.A5)
2009        Jan 15, In the Philippines gunmen abducted three Red Cross workers in a southern Muslim militant stronghold, prompting a search operation by US-backed Filipino troops through dense jungles in the country's worst foreign hostage crisis in nearly eight years. Seven suspects including three police officers were later arrested in connection with a wide-ranging official enquiry into the abductions on the southern island of Jolo. Eugenio Vagni (63), Italian Red Cross worker, was released on July 11. A Swiss and a Filipino, had been freed earlier in the year by the militants.
    (AP, 1/15/09)(AFP, 4/6/09)(AP, 7/11/09)
2009        Jan 15, The US Air Force began airlifting heavy machinery to Rwandan troops serving in an international mission in Darfur, the first time the new US Africa Command has undertaken a large-scale peacekeeper support operation.
    (AP, 1/15/09)
2009        Jan 15, Swiss pharmaceutical giant Novartis AG said it has secured a $486 million contract to build a new flu vaccine plant in North Carolina.
    (AP, 1/15/09)
2009        Jan 15, Togo agreed to extradite to the US Solano Cortez Jorge, an alleged druglord from Colombia, who was arrested trying to smuggle hundreds of pounds (kilograms) of cocaine through this West African nation last year.
    (AP, 1/16/09)
2009        Jan 15, In Turkmenistan Pres. Gurbanguli Berdymukhamedov fired almost one-third of his Cabinet and the head of the state oil company in a large-scale reshuffle reminiscent of his eccentric predecessor's frequent purges.
    (AP, 1/16/09)
2009        Jan 15, Ukraine rejected Russia's latest request to pipe natural gas westward to increasingly frustrated EU consumers, deepening the bitter economic and political dispute that has paralyzed energy shipments to Europe.
    (AP, 1/15/09)

2010        Jan 15, The US State Department said it will soon give China a formal diplomatic message expressing its concern about cyber attacks that prompted Google Inc to threaten to pull out of China.
    (Reuters, 1/15/10)
2010        Jan 15, Johnson & Johnson issued a massive recall of over-the-counter drugs including Tylenol, Motrin and St. Joseph's aspirin because of a moldy smell that has made people sick.
    (AP, 1/16/10)
2010        Jan 15, In Arizona an oversight board voted to close 13 state parks in response to budget cuts. Since July the Legislature has cut 61% of the state parks budget.
    (SFC, 1/16/10, p.A4)
2010        Jan 15, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb struck a family traveling home after visiting a shrine, killing five people, including four children. Kabul police investigated a rocket attack in the Shar-e-Naw district, home to embassies, businesses and residences in Kabul.
    (AP, 1/15/10)
2010        Jan 15, In Afghanistan Pfc Andrew Holmes from 5 Joint Base Lewis-McChord killed an unarmed teenage villager from 15 feet away after fellow soldier Cpl. Morlock tossed a grenade at him. In 2011 Holmes pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 7 years in prison. Prosecutors said soldiers from Joint Base Lewis-McChord killed three civilians for sport during patrols in January, February and May. Army Staff Sgt. Calvin Gibbs killed a second victim with Spc. Michael Wagnon, and tossed an AK-47 at the man's feet to make him appear to have been an enemy fighter. In May, Gibbs threw a grenade at the victim as he ordered them to shoot. In 2011 Gibbs (26) was sentenced to 10 years in prison. During his court-martial Gibbs acknowledged cutting fingers off corpses to keep as war trophies.
    (http://tinyurl.com/42w29jn)(SFC, 9/24/11, p.A4)(SFC, 11/11/11, p.A18)
2010        Jan 15, Opposition parties in the Central African Republic announced that they were quitting the electoral process and demanded the resignation of the head of the Independent Electoral Commission. The walkout involved 15 of the 30 members of the commission, which was set up in August to organize and supervise elections at dates yet to be announced.
    (AFP, 1/15/10)
2010        Jan 15, Chinese police in Beijing shut down what would have been the country’s first-ever gay pageant an hour before it was set to begin, highlighting the enduring sensitivity surrounding homosexuality and the struggle by gays to find mainstream acceptance.
    (AP, 1/15/10)
2010        Jan 15, Guinean military rulers decided to keep wounded junta chief Captain Moussa Dadis Camara convalescing abroad, leaving his deputy and an opposition leader to restore civilian rule.
    (Reuters, 1/16/10)
2010        Jan 15, In Haiti the UN and other aid organizations struggled to get food and water to stricken millions. Fears spread of unrest among the people in their fourth day of desperation. France urged Haiti’s creditors to cancel the nation’s debt.
    (AP, 1/15/10)(SFC, 1/16/10, p.A2)
2010        Jan 15, In Hong Kong protesters against a national high-speed rail network scuffled with police as they tried but failed to storm the legislature. Another 500 staged a sit-in in front of the Hong Kong leader's mansion, shutting down traffic. The $55 billion Hong Kong dollar ($7.1 billion) project to link Hong Kong to a national high-speed rail network has run into a growing protest movement.
    (AP, 1/15/10)
2010        Jan 15, In India suspected Maoist rebels blew up a police jeep in eastern Jharkhand state killing six officers and their civilian driver.
    (AP, 1/15/10)
2010        Jan 15, Iran's police chief warned opposition supporters not to use cell phones and e-mail messages to organize protest rallies against the government, saying those who do so will be prosecuted and punished.
    (AP, 1/15/10)
2010        Jan 15, In Kenya at least 7 people were killed during a demonstration in Nairobi by Muslim youth protesting the arrest of a radical Jamaican-born Muslim cleric whose teachings influenced one of the 2005 London transport system bombers.
    (AP, 1/15/10)(SFC, 1/16/10, p.A2)
2010        Jan 15, Malaysian student Mohamad Tasyrif Tajudin (25) was charged after allegedly posting comments on Facebook about throwing a gasoline bomb amid a recent spate of attacks on churches, most of which were hit by Molotov Cocktails. He was charged under Malaysia’s Communications and Multimedia Act for improper use of the Internet, which carries a penalty of up to a year in jail and a fine if found guilty.
    (AP, 1/15/10)
2010        Jan 15, Manuel Acosta (42), the lead investigator in the Dec 31 slaying in Mexico of Roberto Salcedo, a Southern California school board member, was shot several times in the chest and torso, but survived in critical condition. He succumbed to his wounds on Jan 26.
    (AP, 1/31/10)
2010        Jan 15, A UN official said North Korea is meting out harsher punishment to citizens who try to flee the country, a sign that overall human rights conditions remain dire in the communist state.
    (AP, 1/15/10)
2010        Jan 15, In Pakistan a US drone missile attack killed five militants in the tribal belt on the Afghan border, destroying their compound.
    (AFP, 1/15/10)
2010        Jan 15, Russian lawmakers ended years of resistance and ratified an international agreement intended to strengthen and speed up the work of the European Court of Human Rights. The measure still needed to be approved by the upper house and signed by Pres. Medvedev, but both steps were expected to occur soon.
    (AP, 1/15/10)
2010        Jan 15, Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez announced a 25% increase in the minimum wage to try to blunt the effects of soaring inflation, and playing down criticism of his government's handling of an energy crisis and other domestic problems.
    (AP, 1/16/10)
2010        Jan 15, A Yemeni airstrike killed six al-Qaida operatives, including a key leader, in a desert village bordering Saudi Arabia. Officials said four of those killed were on Yemen's list of most-wanted al-Qaida figures, including Qassim al-Raimi, who had been accused of plotting to assassinate the US ambassador in 2004. Al-Raimi escaped from a Yemeni prison in 2006 with 21 other militants.
    (AP, 1/15/10)

2011        Jan 15, The United States passed a dubious milestone: Government debt surged to an all-time high, more than $14 trillion. The debt level represents a $45,300 tab for each and everyone in the country.
    (AP, 1/15/11)
2011        Jan 15, Nebraska's Teresa Scanlan (17) was named Miss America becoming the youngest winner ever in the pageant's history after a night of being judged for poise, talent, fitness and knowledge.
    (Reuters, 1/15/11)
2011        Jan 15, Republican Bill Haslam (52), former executive for the Pilot chain of truck stops and former mayor of Knoxville, was sworn in as governor of Tennessee. He replaced Democrat Phil Bredeson, who could not run for re-election due to term limits.
    (SSFC, 1/16/11, p.A9)
2011        Jan 15, In southern Afghanistan a US Marine shot and killed an Afghan policeman after an argument at a patrol base in Sangin, Helmand province. A joint Afghan and NATO force killed several armed insurgents while tracking a Taliban operator in Nirkh district of Wardak province, west of Kabul. 13 militants were killed in the operation. A bicycle bomb targeting police vehicles near the center of Kandahar city wounded at least 10 people. 6 civilians were killed by a roadside bomb in Helmand province and six died after an air strike by foreign forces in mountainous eastern Kunar.
    (AP, 1/15/11)(Reuters, 1/16/11)
2011        Jan 15, Argentina's government said it would take steps to ensure mills and exporters paid fixed local wheat prices to farmers and punish those that did not, as it braced for a growers strike over export quotas.
    (Reuters, 1/16/11)
2011        Jan 15, In eastern Bangladesh 10 policemen were killed when their jeep collided head-on with a truck.
    (AP, 1/15/11)
2011        Jan 15, Three former Church of England bishops who are opposed to the consecration of women bishops were ordained as Roman Catholic priests, the first traditionalist Anglicans to take up an offer by Pope Benedict.
    (Reuters, 1/15/11)
2011        Jan 15, British actress Susannah York (72), one of the leading stars of British and Hollywood films in the late 1960s and early 1970s, died in London. She received an Oscar nomination in 1970 for her role in "They Shoot Horses, Don't They?" and also appeared in the classic "A Man For All Seasons" before going on to play Christopher Reeve's biological mother in the Superman series of movies.
    (AP, 1/16/11)
2011        Jan 15, The EU raised pressure on Ivory Coast leader Laurent Gbagbo to step down, freezing assets of the country's cocoa-exporting ports, its state oil firm and three banks.
    (Reuters, 1/15/11)
2011        Jan 15, German authorities banned 934 more farms from selling eggs, poultry and pork after finding out that a company had hidden its deliveries of possibly dioxin contaminated livestock feed.
    (SSFC, 1/16/11, p.A4) 
2011        Jan 15, In Hungary three young women died in a stampede at the West-Balkan nightclub in downtown Budapest. Thousands of people were caught up in the stampede and the victims may have been trampled by the rushing crowd.
    (AP, 1/16/11)
2011        Jan 15, In Iran several international envoys, but crucially none from the world powers, got a look inside an Iranian nuclear site as part of a tour the Islamic Republic hopes will build support before a new round of talks on its disputed atomic activities. Ambassadors to the UN atomic energy agency from Egypt, Cuba, Syria, Algeria, Venezuela, Oman and the Arab League arrived in Tehran and visited the unfinished heavy water reactor near Arak.
    (AP, 1/15/11)
2011        Jan 15, Iran said it has determined that two pilotless spy planes it claims to have shot down were operated by the United States, and offered to put them on public display. A day later Gen. Gholam Ali Rashid, acting chief of the country's armed forces said "the planes were shot down outside of Iran's airspace."
    (AP, 1/15/11)(AP, 1/16/11)
2011        Jan 15, The prime ministers of Iraq and Syria agreed to boost cooperation in security and economic affairs during talks aimed at improving relations strained by Baghdad's allegations that the Syrians were harboring Iraqi insurgents.
    (AP, 1/15/11) 
2011        Jan 15, In Iraq 2 US troops were killed by an Iraqi soldier who apparently smuggled real bullets into a training exercise in Mosul and opened fire. The shooter was immediately killed by American soldiers. Another American soldier was killed during an unrelated military operation in central Iraq.
    (AP, 1/15/11)
2011        Jan 15, In Mexico Cmdr. Raul Espinoza and a guard were kidnapped about 5 a.m. in Boca del Rio, just south of the port city of Veracruz.
    (AP, 1/15/11)
2011        Jan 15, In southwest Pakistan gunmen attacked tankers carrying fuel for US and NATO forces in Afghanistan as they sat parked at a roadside restaurant, setting 14 of the vehicles ablaze.
    (AP, 1/15/11)
2011        Jan 15, Somali pirates seized a South Korean freighter with 21 crew members in the Arabian Sea.
    (AP, 1/15/11)
2011        Jan 15, In central South Africa 20 people died when a burst tire sent a passenger bus out of control and caused it to veer into a muddy stream.
    (AP, 1/15/11)
2011        Jan 15, In South Sudan voters began celebrating after the end of a weeklong independence referendum.
    (AP, 1/15/11)
2011        Jan 15, Sri Lanka’s Disaster Management Center said 11 more people were reported dead, raising the death toll to 38 with four others missing and 51 injured.
    (AP, 1/15/11)
2011        Jan 15, Tunisia swore in a new interim president, the second change of power in this North African nation in less than 24 hours, and grappled with looting, deadly prison riots and chaos in the streets after protests forced the country's leader to flee. At least 42 people were killed in a prison fire in a resort town and the director of another prison let 1,000 inmates flee after a deadly rebellion. Interim president, Fouad Mebazaa (77), the former president of the lower house of parliament, ordered the creation of a unity government that could include the opposition.
    (AP, 1/15/11)
2011        Jan 15, Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez called for conciliation between political rivals and told recently elected lawmakers he was willing to sharply reduce the period of time he has to enact laws by decree.
    (AP, 1/15/11)

2012        Jan 15, Jon Huntsman said he is dropping out of the race for the Republican presidential nomination and will throw his support to rival Mitt Romney.
    (SFC, 1/16/12, p.A4)
2012        Jan 15, At Hollywood’s Golden Globes “The Artist" won 3 Golden Globes. “The Descendants" won two. Meryl Streep won for best actress in a drama (The Iron Lady). George Clooney won for best actor (The Descendants). An Iranian film, "A Separation", won a Golden Globe for Best Foreign Language film.
    (SFC, 1/16/12, p.D1)(AFP, 1/16/12)
2012        Jan 15, In California 4 people, including 2 children, were killed in an apparent murder-suicide in Fresno.
    (SFC, 1/16/12, p.A4)
2012        Jan 15, In Massachusetts the bodies of two people were recovered on a beach in Brewster following a crash of their small plane.
    (SFC, 1/16/12, p.A4)
2012        Jan 15, Bahrain's King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa promised that the strife-wracked Gulf nation will move ahead with political reforms that widen the powers of the elected parliament to oversee governments selected by the ruling monarchy.
    (AP, 1/15/12)
2012        Jan 15, Britain's foreign secretary William Hague said that European nations will intensify pressure on Iran over its nuclear program, but insisted the West wasn't pressing for military action.
    (AP, 1/15/12)
2012        Jan 15, An antiquities official said Egyptian and Swiss archaeologists have unearthed a roughly 1,100 year-old tomb of a female singer in the Valley of the Kings. It was the only tomb of a woman not related to the ancient royal families ever found in the Valley of the Kings. The singer's name, Nehmes Bastet, means she was believed to be protected by the feline deity Bastet. At the time of her death, Egypt was ruled by Libyan kings, but the high priests who ruled Thebes were independent.
    (AP, 1/15/12)
2012        Jan 15, Guatemala began Operation Martillo, a broad effort to stop drug trafficking along the Central American coast. Guatemalan authorities signed a treaty allowing the US military to conduct the operations on July 16.
    (AP, 8/29/12)
2012        Jan 15, An Iranian news website said a court has sentenced Pres. Ahmadinejad's press adviser to one year in prison on the charge of insulting Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. Ali Akbar Javanfekr was also banned from journalism activities for five years.
    (AP, 1/15/12)
2012        Jan 15, The Iraqi Supreme Judicial Council said in a statement that the appeals court ruled that Sunni Vice President Tareq al-Hashemi must stand trial in Baghdad. Security forces battled 5 gunmen who detonated a car bomb before blasting their way into a government compound and killing seven policemen in Ramadi. All the attackers were killed.
    (AP, 1/15/12)
2012        Jan 15, Kazakhstan held elections that were expected to slightly broaden democratic representation in parliament's rubber-stamp lower house. Opposition parties that were most likely to pose a robust challenge to the ruling Nur Otan party have been either disqualified from competing or rendered largely powerless. President Nazarbayev's Nur Otan party won 80.7 percent of the vote, with two other parties achieving slightly more than 7 percent each, thereby clearing the threshold to enter parliament.
    (AP, 1/15/12)(AP, 1/16/12)
2012        Jan 15, Two Kenyan fighter jets, apparently targeting a southern Somali militant camp, instead killed five children in Jilib according to an insurgent spokesman and residents. A resident said she saw 2 dead al-Shabab fighters being transported after the attack.
    (AP, 1/16/12)
2012        Jan 15, In Lebanon a five-story residential building collapsed after days of heavy rains, killing 27 people, mostly foreign workers. The building's owner, Michel Saadeh, was arrested the next day.
    (AP, 1/16/12)(AFP, 1/18/12)
2012        Jan 15, In Libya a militia from the town of Gharyan, approximately 80 km (50 miles) south of Tripoli, clashed with a rival armed group from the nearby town of Assabia. Fighting between the two militias began Jan 13 and by the next day left 2 dead. The clash erupted after an Assabia resident killed a local from Gharyan. Late in the day the rival fighters settled their deadly dispute through a prisoner swap and agreed to a ceasefire.
    (AFP, 1/16/12)
2012        Jan 15, Tropical Storm Dando hit Mozambique. 3 days of rain left 5 people dead.
    (AFP, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 15, In Pakistan a bomb ripped through a Shiite procession killing 21 marchers and wounding over 20 others in Punjab province as Shiites marked the 40th day of mourning the death of the Prophet Mohammed's grandson Imam Hussain.
    (AFP, 1/15/12)(Econ, 1/21/12, p.52)
2012        Jan 15, In Romania protests continued in cities for a 4th day reflecting widespread anger against austerity measures and an unpopular government.
    (AP, 1/15/12)
2012        Jan 15, A failed $170 million Russian space probe, Phobos-Ground, crashed into the southern Pacific, 770 miles off the southern coast of Chile.
    (SFC, 1/16/12, p.A2)
2012        Jan 15, Sierra Leone police used live bullets and tear gas to quell rioting between followers of the ruling party and opposition where several people suffered stab wounds.
    (AFP, 1/16/12)
2012        Jan 15, Spain’s Interior Ministry said French police acting alongside Spanish counterparts have arrested three men at a railway station in France on suspicion of belonging to Basque separatist group ETA. They were identified as Jon Echeverria Oyarbide (33), Ruben Rivero Campo, and Inigo Sancho Marco.
    (AP, 1/15/12)
2012        Jan 15, In Spain Manuel Fraga Iribarne (89), the founder Spain's ruling conservative party, died. He was the last surviving minister from Gen. Francisco Franco's right-wing regime.
    (AP, 1/16/12)
2012        Jan 15, In Sudan international oil companies gathered in Khartoum to study six exploration blocks that Sudan opened for bidding ahead of talks aimed at resolving a long-running oil fee dispute with South Sudan.
    (AFP, 1/15/12)
2012        Jan 15, Syria’s President Bashar Assad granted a general amnesty for crimes committed during the unrest of the past 10 months. State-run news agency SANA said the amnesty covers those who have peacefully demonstrated. At least six factory workers were killed when a roadside bomb detonated near their bus traveling from a textile factory in Idlib. The British-based Syrian Observatory for Human Right and other activists said seven other people died in the central city of Homs, including three from indiscriminate gunfire and one in the northern province of Idlib.
    (AP, 1/15/12)(SFC, 1/18/12, p.A2)
2012        Jan 15, A member of Syria's parliament left the country to join the opposition. Imad Ghalioun, who represents the central city of Homs, said the city is a disaster after months of being a focus of the regime's fierce crackdown.
    (AP, 1/16/12)
2012        Jan 15, UN chief Ban Ki-moon, speaking in Beirut, called for an end to Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories, saying the illegal building of settlements worked against a two-state solution. Ban Ki-moon also demanded that Syria's president stop killing his own people.
    (AFP, 1/15/12)(AP, 1/15/12)

2013        Jan 15, US Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner said the government has begun borrowing from the federal employee pension fund to keep operating without surpassing its debt limit.
    (AP, 1/15/13)
2013        Jan 15, In Galt, California, police officer Kevin Tonn (35) was killed while crossing paths with an armed man in an area where Tonn was responding to a burglary. The gunman shot and killed himself after firing at another officer.
    (SFC, 1/16/13, p.A5)(SFC, 1/17/13, p.D2)
2013        Jan 15, In Kentucky Dalton Stidham (21), enraged by a domestic dispute, bought a gun and fatally shot Caitlin Cornett, his former girlfriend, and her uncle, Jackie Cornett, in the parking lot of a community college. Her cousin Taylor Jade Cornett (12) was also shot and died the next day.
    (SFC, 1/17/13, p.A6)
2013        Jan 15, A part-time student strode into the office of a longtime administrator at a downtown St. Louis business school and shot the man in the chest, creating panic in the school before turning the gun on himself.
    (AP, 1/15/13)
2013        Jan 15, New York’s Gov. Andrew Cuomo signed the NY Safe Act, the nation’s toughest gun restrictions and the first since the recent Connecticut school shooting. It included an expanded assault weapon ban and mandatory background checks for buying ammunition.
    (SFC, 1/16/13, p.A6)(Econ, 1/19/13, p.30)
2013        Jan 15, Daniel Edelman (92), American public relations pioneer, died. His life is described in a new biography “Edelman and the Rise of Public Relations" by Franz Wisner.
    (Econ, 1/19/13, p.65)
2013        Jan 15, British music retailer HMV announced that it was putting itself into administration.
    (Econ, 1/19/13, p.59)
2013        Jan 15, Rebels from Central African Republic and the country's political opposition said that they have agreed to choose Nicolas Tiangaye as a candidate for prime minister. Under the deal Pres. Bozize will remain in office until his term ends in 2016.
    (AP, 1/15/13)
2013        Jan 15, Cuba's Public Health Ministry acknowledged 51 new cases of cholera in Havana amid growing concerns about the illness' spread and disappointment in the diplomatic community over the government's lack of transparency.
    (AP, 1/15/13)
2013        Jan 15, In Egypt a train wreck killed 19 soldiers and injured over 100 others. The last carriage of the train disconnected, jumped the tracks and crashed into another train 20 km (12 miles) south of Cairo. Three workers were later sentenced to two years of hard labor for the crash.
    (AP, 1/15/13)(SSFC, 5/5/13, p.A5)
2013        Jan 15, Human Rights Watch said in a report that workers in Eritrea were forced to construct the Bisha mine operated by Canadian company Nevsun Resources.
    (AP, 1/15/13)
2013        Jan 15, Ethiopia sentenced 10 men to jail terms of between three to 20 years for plotting terror attacks with Islamist extremist rebels from neighboring Somalia. Kenyan national, Hassan Jarso, who pleaded guilty when first charged in May, was sentenced with nine Ethiopians.
    (AP, 1/15/13)
2013        Jan 15, Europe's top court said religious freedom is a right but not an absolute one, ruling that British Airways discriminated against a devoutly Christian employee by making her remove her crucifix, but backing a UK charity that fired a marriage counselor who refused to give sex therapy to gay couples.
    (AP, 1/15/13)
2013        Jan 15, French Pres. Francois Hollande opened talks with top leaders in Abu Dhabi in hopes of pushing ahead efforts to sell up to 60 Rafale fighter jets to the United Arab Emirates and strengthen French ties in Gulf energy and defense industries.
    (AP, 1/15/13)
2013        Jan 15, French forces led an all-night aerial bombing campaign to wrest control of Diabaly, a small Malian town, from armed Islamist extremists, as more French troops arrived in preparation for a possible land assault. France announced it tripling the number of troops deployed to Mali from 800 to 2,500.
    (AP, 1/15/13)(AP, 1/16/13)
2013        Jan 15, In Honduras British tourist Kaya Omer (33) was shot dead in the dangerous city of San Pedro Sula, after being assaulted by two gunmen who stole his camera.
    (Reuters, 1/15/13)
2013        Jan 15, A Hong Kong company controlled by controlled by Li Ka-shing, Asia's richest man, said that it's buying New Zealand's second biggest waste disposal company, EnviroWaste Services Ltd., from Australian private equity firm Ironbridge Capital.
    (AP, 1/15/13)
2013        Jan 15, In western Iraq a suicide bomber in Fallujah assassinated Ifan Saadoun, a Sunni lawmaker, raising tensions in a part of the country that has been roiled by weeks of demonstrations.
    (AP, 1/15/13)
2013        Jan 15, The Israeli military shot dead a 17-year-old Palestinian near the West Bank separation barrier. The Israeli military said he had breached the barrier, which separated soldiers from protesters.
    (AP, 1/15/13)
2013        Jan 15, Jamaica’s top mining official said his country may be able to benefit from newly found deposits of rare-earth elements that are key ingredients for smartphones, computers and numerous other high-tech goods.
    (AP, 1/16/13)
2013        Jan 15, Japanese filmmaker Nagisa Oshima (b.1932) died at a hospital near Tokyo. His films included “A Town of Love and Hope" (1959), “Cruel Story of Youth" (1960), “Violence At Noon" (1966), “Death by Hanging" (1968), “Three Resurrected Drunkards" (1968), “In the Realm of the Senses" (1976), “Merry Christmas Mr. Lawrence" (1983) and “Taboo" (1999).
    (SFC, 1/17/13, p.D7) 
2013        Jan 15, Kenyan custom officials in Mombasa seized 638 pieces of illegal elephant ivory estimated to be worth $1.2 million. The ivory was in a container destined for Indonesia. The tusks were said to be from Tanzania.
    (AP, 1/16/13)
2013        Jan 15, Pakistan's top court ordered the arrest of PM Raja Pervaiz Ashraf in a corruption case involving private power stations set up to provide electricity to the energy-starved country. Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry ordered the arrest of 16 people involved in the case, including Ashraf, who previously served as minister for water and power.
    (AP, 1/15/13)
2013        Jan 15, In Pakistan thousands of anti-government protesters, heeding the call of firebrand cleric Tahir-ul-Qadri, rallied in the streets of Islamabad for a 2nd day despite early morning clashes with police who launched tear gas and fired shots into the air to push back stone-throwing demonstrators.
    (AP, 1/15/13)
2013        Jan 15, In Qatar Gloria Huang (8), the adopted African-born daughter of Americans Matthew and Grace Huang, died unexpectedly. Qatari police charged the couple the next day of murder with intent by forced starvation. The couple argued that Gloria had been suffering from malnutrition-related diseases since they adopted her from Ghana at the age of four.
    (Reuters, 11/30/14)
2013        Jan 15, Russian authorities charged Yelena Kotova, a former Russia director at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, with conspiracy to take a $1.4 million bribe.
    (AP, 1/15/13)
2013        Jan 15, In Russia Aslan Usoyan (75), aka Grandpa Khasan, was gunned down in Moscow. He headed one of the region's most powerful criminal groups, which trafficked in drugs and weapons and controlled underground casinos and legal businesses. Since 2006 Usoyan had been at war with a criminal group headed by another Georgian, Tariel Oniani.
    (AP, 1/16/13)
2013        Jan 15, A Saudi court convicted an Egyptian human rights lawyer for smuggling drugs into the kingdom. He was sentenced to five years in prison and 300 lashes. The case of Ahmed el-Gezawi caused an outcry in Egypt where rights groups claimed he was initially detained in April 2012 for criticizing the kingdom's monarch. They claimed he confessed to the smuggling charges under duress.
    (AP, 1/15/13)
2013        Jan 15, In Saudi Arabia dozens of conservative clerics picketed the royal court  to condemn the recent appointment of 30 women to the 150-member Shura Council.
    (Econ, 1/19/13, p.52)
2013        Jan 15, In Somalia African Union troops mistakenly opened fire on a religious school while pursuing militants at Leggo village, killing five children and two adults.
    (AP, 1/17/13)
2013        Jan 15, In Syria 2 explosions struck the main university in Aleppo, killing 87 people. Activists reported clashes in suburbs south of Damascus. In other regions government air raids and shelling killed dozens of people. Forces loyal to President Bashar Assad swept through Haswiyeh, a small farming village near Homs, torching houses and shooting and stabbing residents in an attack that killed up to 106 people. All of the dead appeared to be Sunni Muslims.
    (AP, 1/15/13)(AP, 1/16/13)(AP, 1/17/13)
2013        Jan 15, Venezuelan Vice President Nicolas Maduro took the place of ailing President Hugo Chavez by delivering a short speech and turning in a state-of-the-nation report amid legal debate about his legitimacy.
    (AP, 1/15/13)

2014        Jan 15, US Air Force leaders said 34 officers in charge of launching nuclear missiles have been suspended for cheating on a proficiency test. The scandal at Malmstrom Air Force Base in Montana marked the latest in a series of damaging revelations dogging the country's nuclear force.
    (AFP, 1/16/14)
2014        Jan 15, Police in San Jose, Ca., arrested Patrick William Brennan (48) as the suspected arsonist responsible for over a dozen fires that began Jan 7. On Dec 22 Brennan pleaded guilty to nine counts of arson and four counts of attempted arson.
    (SFC, 1/16/14, p.A9)(SFC, 1/17/14, p.D1)(SFC, 12/24/14, p.E2)
2014        Jan 15, The Archdiocese of Chicago released 6,00 pages of documents as part of a settlement with sex abuse victims.
    (SFC, 1/16/14, p.A6)
2014        Jan 15, In Nebraska a Payton Benson (5) was killed in Omaha after being hit by a stray bullet while eating breakfast. 4 men later faced charges in the death of the girl.
    (SFC, 1/30/14, p.A6)
2014        Jan 15, West Virginia officials said they have lifted a ban on drinking tap water for two-thirds of the customers affected by a chemical spill, but warned pregnant women to avoid it until the chemical is completely flushed from the pipes.
    (Reuters, 1/16/14)
2014        Jan 15, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO service member was shot and killed by insurgents. A NATO bombing strike on the village of Wazghar, Parvan province, reportedly left 13 civilians dead. NATO later said the Afghan army called for the strike. One Afghan and one NATO soldier died in the action. 
    (AP, 1/15/14)(Econ, 2/1/14, p.31)
2014        Jan 15, Australian officials said lightning strikes ignited more than 250 fires across the southeast. Firefighters battled to put out the flames as the country sweltered under a heatwave.
    (AFP, 1/15/14)
2014        Jan 15, Bosnia's president and a Qatar minister opened a new library in the heart of the Ottoman-era Old Town section of Sarajevo to house books and more than 100,000 manuscripts saved from the 1992-95 siege. The oldest is a handwritten Islamic encyclopedia that was written in Arabic in 1105. Qatar donated $9 million to the project.
    (AP, 1/15/14)
2014        Jan 15, British actor Roger Lloyd-Pack (69), best known for playing dim-witted street-sweeper Trigger on the sitcom "Only Fools and Horses" (1981-1991), died at his home in London.
    (AP, 1/16/14)
2014        Jan 15, China's commercial capital, Shanghai, introduced emergency measures to tackle air pollution, allowing it to shut schools and order cars off the road in the case of severe smog.
    (Reuters, 1/15/14)
2014        Jan 15, Chinese police detained economics Prof. Ilham Tohti, an outspoken scholar of the Turkic Uighur ethnic minority. They raided his home in Beijing, seizing computers, cellphones and even his students' thesis manuscripts. On Jan 25 Tohti was accused of leading a separatist group that advocates violence to overthrow Chinese rule in Xinjiang. In late July Tohti (44) was charged with separatism.
    (AP, 1/16/14)(AP, 1/25/14)(SFC, 7/31/14, p.A2)
2014        Jan 15, Chinese police in Urumqi arrested Akbar Imin, a Uighur AIDS activist, for endangering national security in the troubled far western region of Xinjiang, home to the largely Muslim Uighur people. His arrest was only made public in March.
    (Reuters, 3/10/14)
2014        Jan 15, Egyptians lined up to vote on the second and final day of a key referendum on the country's new constitution.
    (AP, 1/15/14)
2014        Jan 15, French business leaders hailed promises by President Francois Hollande to cut taxes and spending, but the left accused him of lurching to the right.
    (AFP, 1/15/14)
2014        Jan 15, Guinea's PM Mohamed Said Fofana stepped down and handed in the resignation of his cabinet as part of a transition to a new government after elections.
    (AFP, 1/15/14)
2014        Jan 15, In Indonesia at least 13 people were killed after torrential rain triggered flash floods and landslides on northern Sulawesi island. Some 40,000 fled their homes as water surged through the city of Manado and surrounding areas.
    (AFP, 1/15/14)
2014        Jan 15, In Iraq a wave of attacks, including car bombs in Baghdad, killed at least 73 people as militants took more territory from security forces in crisis-hit Anbar province. Overnight clashes erupted periodically in Ramadi and on the outskirts of Fallujah, leaving 2 children killed and 13 civilians wounded.
    (AFP, 1/15/14)(Reuters, 1/15/14)(AFP, 1/15/14)
2014        Jan 15, Suspected Jewish extremists torched the entrance to a mosque in the West Bank, in an apparent revenge attack for Palestinians beating and detaining Israeli settlers last week.
    (AFP, 1/15/14)
2014        Jan 15, Donors gathered in Kuwait as the UN sent out a distress signal, warning that nearly half Syria's population needs urgent humanitarian assistance and that some 245,000 Syrians faced severe food shortages. Western and Gulf Arab nations pledged $1.4 billion for UN aid efforts in Syria. This included $500 million from Kuwait and 380 million from the US.
    (AFP, 1/15/14)(Reuters, 1/15/14)
2014        Jan 15, Mozambican police say they have arrested four Rwandans, including Lt. Col. Francis Gakwerere, a senior official in the Rwandan armed forces, for the Jan 1 murder in South Africa of former Rwandan spymaster Col. Patrick Karegeya. The four were arrested last week.
    (AP, 1/15/14)
2014        Jan 15, Civilians from the Nigerian town of Banki fled across the border to Cameroon to escape heavy gunfire. Cameroonian forces responded to repel Boko Haram attackers who also tried to cross over. One woman in Cameroon was killed and five other shooting victims were taken to hospitals.
    (AP, 1/16/14)
2014        Jan 15, Norway's Yara, the world's biggest mineral fertilizer producer, said it has been hit with a hefty fine by Norwegian authorities following an international corruption investigation. The affair centered on bribes to senior government officials in Libya and India, and to a supplier in Russia from 2004-2009.
    (AP, 1/15/14)
2014        Jan 15, In southern Pakistan a truck slammed into a bus bringing schoolchildren home from an outing, killing at least 17 pupils and three adults in Sindh province.
    (Reuters, 1/15/14)
2014        Jan 15, The Philippines launched anti-corruption reforms including cashless and checkless government transactions.
    (SFC, 1/16/14, p.A2)
2014        Jan 15, South Sudan's military battled rebels in the streets of the key northern oil town of Malakal, as violence in the world's newest nation entered its second month.
    (AFP, 1/15/14)
2014        Jan 15, In Spain police clashed with demonstrators in Madrid as thousands of people marched across the country to protest against costly plans to redevelop a street in the northern city of Burgos, where protests continued for a 6th day.
    (AFP, 1/15/14)
2014        Jan 15, Roughly 60 migrants entered Spain's north African territory of Melilla after charging a barbed-wire border fence bordering Morocco.
    (AFP, 1/15/14)
2014        Jan 15, In Syria a car bomb planted by rebels linked to al Qaeda killed at least 26 people in the northern city of Jarablus, most of them rival opposition fighters.
    (Reuters, 1/15/14)
2014        Jan 15, Turkey's embattled Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan declared open war on what he labelled an "empire of fear" created by an Islamic rival at the heart of a deepening political crisis.
    (AFP, 1/15/14)
2014        Jan 15, Uganda confirmed its troops are fighting alongside South Sudan's government against rebels.
    (AFP, 1/16/14)
2014        Jan 15, Pope Francis named an oversight commission of cardinals for the Vatican Bank, replacing all but one of the appointees made by his predecessor Benedict XVI.
    (SFC, 1/16/14, p.A2)
2014        Jan 15, Venezuela’s Pres. Nicolas Maduro delivered his annual state-of-the-nation address. He blamed soap operas for crime saying they are spreading “antiglares."
    (AP, 1/22/14, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/m9v8dz7)
2014        Jan 15, A Yemeni farmer was killed in a US drone strike in what witnesses said was an attack apparently intended for suspected Islamist militants in southeastern Yemen.
    (Reuters, 1/15/14)

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