Today in History - January 18

Return to home

474        Jan 18, Leo I, Roman Byzantine Emperor (457-74), died. He was succeeded by his grandson Leo II.
    (www.roman-emperors.org/leo1.htm)

1385        Jan 18, A Lithuanian delegation under Skirgaila arrived in Cracow to ask for the hand of Jadvyga on behalf of Jogaila.
    (LHC, 1/18/03)

1401        Jan 18, In Lithuania Vytautas and the country’s dukes submitted documents to Poland that Vytautas would rule Lithuania as a vassal to Poland and return the country to Poland upon his death.
    (LHC, 1/18/03)

1486        Jan 18, English King Henry VII (1457-1509) married Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV. This ended the Wars of the Roses.
    (HN, 1/18/99)(ON, 12/06, p.4)

1535        Jan 18, Francisco Pizarro founded Lima Peru. [see Jan 6]
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1580        Jan 18, Antonio Scandello (63), Italian composer (Passion of John), died.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1644        Jan 18, 1st reported UFO sighting in America was made by perplexed pilgrims in Boston.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1654        Jan 18, The union of Ukraine and Russia was announced.
    (LHC, 1/18/03)

1659        Jan 18, Benedikt Lechler (64), composer, died.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1671        Jan 18, Pirate Henry Morgan defeated Spanish defenders and captured Panama.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1681        Jan 18, England's King Charles II suspended Parliament and set its next meeting for March in Oxford.
    (ON, 7/06, p.10)

1689        Jan 18, Charles Louis de Montesquieu (d.1755), French philosopher and writer (Letters Persanes), was born. "In most things success depends on knowing how long it takes to succeed." He authored "The Spirit of the Laws," the 1st great comparative study of civilizations.
    (AP, 4/13/99)(WSJ, 11/1/00, p.A24)(MC, 1/18/02)

1701        Jan 18, Frederick III, the elector of Brandenburg, became the king of Prussia.
    (HN, 1/18/99)

1733        Jan 18, The 1st polar bear exhibited in America was in Boston.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1778        Jan 18, English navigator Captain James Cook discovered the Hawaiian Islands, which he dubbed the "Sandwich Islands" after the First Lord of the Admiralty, Lord Sandwich. About 350,000 Hawaiians inhabited them. Cook first landed on Kauai and then Niihau where his men introduced venereal disease.
    (Wired, 8/95, p.90)(AP, 1/18/98)(HN, 1/18/99)

1779        Jan 18, Peter Roget, thesaurus fame, inventor (slide rule, pocket chessboard), was born.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1782        Jan 18, Daniel Webster (d.1852, aka Black Dan) American political leader, Senator and orator, lawyer, statesman, administrator and diplomat, was born in Salisbury, N.H. In 1830 he proclaimed "Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable!" He was Secretary of State before the Civil War.
    (HFA, '96, p.22)(AHD, p.1452)(WSJ, 9/30/97, p.A20)(AP, 1/18/98)(HN, 1/18/99)

1788        Jan 18, The first English settlers arrived in Australia's Botany Bay to establish a penal colony. They found the location unsuitable and Capt. Arthur Philip moved on to Sydney Cove. England sent the first sheep along with convicts to Australia.
    (NG, 5.1988, pp. 575)(SFEC, 1/4/98, p.T4)(AP, 1/18/98)(Econ, 5/7/05, Survey p.14)

1788        Jan 18, Australia was officially founded when the first English settlers arrived in Australia's Botany Bay to establish a penal colony. Capt. Arthur Philip landed at Sydney Cove. England sent the first sheep along with convicts to Australia.
    (NG, 5.1988, pp. 575)(SFEC, 1/4/98, p.T4)(AP, 1/18/98)(Econ, 5/7/05, Survey p.14)

1813        Jan 18, Joseph Farwell Glidden, inventor of barbed wire, was born.
    (HN, 1/18/99)(MC, 1/18/02)

1835        Jan 18, Cesar A. Cui, fort architect, composer, was born in Vilnius, Lithuania.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1836        Jan 18, Jim Bowie, knife aficionado, arrived at the Alamo to assist its Texas defenders.
    (HN, 1/18/99)

1840        Jan 18, "Electro-Magnetic Intelligencer", 1st US electrical journal, appeared.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1841        Jan 18, Alexis-Emmanuel Chabrier, French composer (Louise), was born.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1854        Jan 18, Thomas A. Watson, inventor and assistant Alexander Bell (Telephone), was born.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1856        Jan 18, Daniel Nathan Hale Williams, surgeon (1st open heart operation), was born.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1858        Jan 18, Daniel Hale Williams, the first physician to perform open heart surgery and founder of Provident Hospital in Chicago, Ill., was born.
    (HN, 1/18/99)

1862        Jan 18, Confederate Territory of Arizona formed.
    (MC, 1/18/02)
1862        Jan 18, John Tyler (71), 10th president of the United States (1841-1845), died and was buried at Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Va. He drank a mint julep every morning for breakfast. Tyler had joined the Confederacy after his presidency and was designated a "sworn enemy of the United States."
    (AP, 1/18/98)(SFEC, 11/15/98, Z1 p.10)(SFEC, 12/20/98, Z1 p.8)(HN, 1/18/99)

1865        Jan 18, Battle of Ft. Moultrie, SC.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1871        Jan 18, The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich) was proclaimed in Versailles.  William I of Prussia was proclaimed "German Emperor" (which was not the same thing as "Emperor of Germany"). The unification of Germany was the greatest geopolitical transformation of the period. Germany went on to adopt the mark as its common currency.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R42)(AP, 1/18/07)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germany)(WSJ, 5/6/08, p.A21)

1882        Jan 18, A.A. [Alan Alexander] Milne, novelist, humorist and journalist who wrote "Winnie the Pooh," was born.
    (HN, 1/18/99)

1884        Jan 18, General Charles ("Chinese") Gordon departed London for Khartoum.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1892        Jan 18, Oliver Hardy, member of Laurel and Hardy comedy duo who starred in numerous films, was born in Harlem, Ga.
    (HN, 1/18/99)(MC, 1/18/02)

1902        Jan 18, The Isthmus Canal Commission in Washington shifted its support to Panama as the canal site.
    (HN, 1/18/99)

1903        Jan 18, Berthold Goldschmidt, German-British (opera) composer (Beatrice Cenci), was born.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1904        Jan 18, Henri-Georges Adam, French etcher, painter, sculptor (Grand Nude), was born.
    (MC, 1/18/02)
1904        Jan 18, Cary Grant (d.1986), U.S. actor, was born in England. He was famous for his roles in "Gunga Din," "Bringing Up Baby," "The Philadelphia Story" and "North by Northwest."
    (HN, 1/18/99)(MC, 1/18/02)

1905        Jan 18, Joseph Bonanno (d.2002), later NYC mafia boss, was born in Castellmare del Golfo, Sicily.
    (SSFC, 5/12/02, p.A23)

1908        Jan 18, Jacob Bronowsky, British mathematician, cultural historian, was born.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1909        Jan 18, Robert Stroud (1890-1963), who later gained fame as the Birdman of Alcatraz, killed a bartender in Alaska. Barman F. K. "Charlie" Von Dahmer had viciously raped and beat  his friend, Kitty O’Brien (36), a prostitute and dance-hall entertainer. Stroud later knifed a fellow prisoner and was transferred to Leavenworth prison where he murdered a guard in the prison dining hall.
    (SSFC, 4/15/12, DB p.42)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Stroud)

1911        Jan 18, Naval aviation was born when pilot Eugene B. Ely flew a Curtis Pusher biplane onto the deck of the USS Pennsylvania in San Francisco Bay.
    (SFC, 7/2/96, p.a15)(SFC, 5/7/97, p.A15)(AP, 1/18/98)(SFC, 6/5/98, p.A19)

1912        Jan 18, The expedition of British Royal Navy Captain Robert Falcon Scott intended to be the first to reach the South Pole, but when they arrived they found a letter from Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen, who had been there over a month earlier. Scott and his group had set out from a camp in Antarctica 81 days earlier, and on their way back, their supplies ran out. Scott wrote in a diary during the trek, which a search party discovered with the team's frozen bodies in November. Part of Scott's March 29 entry reads, "We shall stick it out to the end, but we are getting weaker, of course, and the end cannot be far." The team had made it to within 11 miles of the camp. Scott's diary ended with, "Last Entry: For God's sake look after our people." [see Jan 16]
    (AP, 1/18/98)(HNPD, 1/18/99)

1913        Jan 18, Danny Kaye, UNICEF, comedian, actor, was born in Brooklyn, NY.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1915        Jan 18, The HMS Endurance, under Sir Ernest Shackleton and his 27 man crew, froze into the ice of Antarctica. In 1999 Caroline Alexander published "The Endurance: Shackleton's Legendary Antarctic Expedition."
    (Hem. 1/95, p. 28)(WSJ, 4/2/98, p.B1)(SFEC, 1/24/99, BR p.1)
1915        Jan 18, A train crashed at Colima-Guadalajara Mexico and some 600 people were killed.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1916        Jan 18, The Russians forced the Turkish 3rd Army back to Erzurum.
    (HN, 1/18/99)

1917        Jan 18, Philip Boileau (b.1863), Canada-born artist, died in the US. He was known for his portraits of beautiful women, the “Boileau Girls.”
    (SFC, 3/12/08, p.G3)(www.thephilipboileausociety.com/)

1919        Jan 18, The World War I Peace Congress, held to negotiate peace treaties ending World War I, opened in Versailles, France.
    (AP, 1/18/08)

1925        Jan 18, The museum at Panevezys, Lithuania, opened.
    (LHC, 1/18/03)

1929        Jan 18, Stalin banned Trotsky from the Politburo.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1932        Jan 18, Robert Anton Wilson, US sci-fi author (Trick Top Hat), was born.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1933        Jan 18, Ray Dolby, sound expert, inventor (Dolby noise limiting system), was born.
    (MC, 1/18/02)
1933        Jan 18, The White Sands National Monument in NM was established.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1936        Jan 18, Author Rudyard Kipling (70) died in Burwash, England. His work included "Plain Tales from the Hills," "Barrack-Room Ballads," and the novel "Kim." In 2000 Harry Ricketts authored the biography "Rudyard Kipling: A Life." In 2009 Charles Allen authored “Kipling Sahib:  India and the Making of Rudyard Kipling 1865-1900.”
    (AP, 1/18/00)(WSJ, 3/30/00, p.A28)(WSJ, 3/14/09, p.W8)

1942        Jan 18, General MacArthur repelled the Japanese in Bataan. The United States took the lead in the Far East war criminal trials.
    (HN, 1/18/02)

1943        Jan 18, A wartime ban on the sale of pre-sliced bread in the United States -- aimed at reducing bakeries' demand for metal replacement parts -- went into effect.
    (AP, 1/18/98)
1943        Jan 18, Jews in Warsaw Ghetto began an uprising against the Nazis.
    (MC, 1/18/02)
1943        Jan 18, The Soviets announced they'd broken the long Nazi siege of Leningrad. It was another year before the siege was fully lifted.
    (AP, 1/18/98)

1944        Jan 18, Paul Keating was born in Sydney, Australia. He later became the 24th Prime Minister of Australia, serving from 1991 to 1996.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Keating)

1945        Jan 18, The German Army launched its second attempt to relieve the besieged city of Budapest from the advancing Red Army.
    (HN, 1/18/99)
1945        Jan 18, The Red Army freed Krakow from Nazi occupation. [see Jan 19]
    (SSFC, 4/3/05, p.A12)

1946        Jan 18, Katia Ricclarelli, opera soprano (Met Opera), (Falstaff, Othello, Turandot), was born.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1948        Jan 18, Ghandi broke a 121-hour fast after halting Moslem-Hindu riots.
    (HN, 1/18/99)

1955        Jan 18, Kevin Costner, actor (Dances With Wolves), was born in LA, Calif.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1957        Jan 18, A trio of B-52's completed the first nonstop, round-the-world flight by jet planes, landing at March Air Force Base in California after more than 45 hours aloft.
    (AP, 1/18/07)

1962        Jan 18, The U.S. sprayed foliage with pesticide in South Vietnam, in order to reveal the whereabouts of Vietcong guerrillas.
    (HN, 1/18/99)

1964        Jan 18, Beatles 1st appeared on Billboard Chart at #35 for "I Want to Hold Your Hand." The song hit No. 1 by the end of the month.
    (MC, 1/18/02)(SSFC, 2/8/04, Par p.18)
1964        Jan 18, Plans were disclosed for the World Trade Center in NYC. It was commissioned in 1962 to Minoru Yamasaki.
    (HN, 1/18/99)(WSJ, 12/2/03, p.D10)

1966        Jan 18, Robert Clifton Weaver (1907-1997), the 1st African-American to hold a post in the presidential cabinet, was sworn in as head of the newly created Department of Housing and Urban Development under Pres. Johnson.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1967        Jan 18, Albert DeSalvo, who claimed to be the "Boston Strangler," was convicted in Cambridge, Mass., of armed robbery, assault and sex offenses. Sentenced to life, DeSalvo was killed by a fellow inmate in 1973. DeSalvo had confessed to being the Boston Strangler and killing 13 women. He was never convicted of murder. A portrait of him with police interviews was made in 1996 for TV show Biography. In 1999 DNA evidence was sought to confirm DeSalvo's claims.
    (SFC, 6/6/96, E9)(AP, 1/18/98)(SFC, 7/10/99, p.A4)

1970        Jan 18, Mormon president David McKay died at age 96.
    (AP, 1/18/00)

1971        Jan 18, Two Standard Oil tankers collided in the fog a quarter mile west of the Golden Gate Bridge. The Arizona Standard ripped into the Oregon Standard and caused the spill of some 1.9 million gallons of heavy bunker oil.
    (SFEC, 2/23/96, Z1 p.5)

1974        Jan 18, "$6 Million Man" starring Lee Majors premiered on ABC TV.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Six_Million_Dollar_Man)
1974        Jan 18, Israel and Egypt signed a Separation of Forces Agreement.
    (http://tinyurl.com/4z534e)

1975        Jan 18, The TV situation comedy series "The Jeffersons" with Sherman Helmsley and Isabel Sanford (d.2004) began and ran through 1985. The spin-off from "All in the Family," premiered on CBS-TV.
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, Par p.24)(AP, 1/18/00)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Jeffersons)
1975        Jan 18, Ray Blanton (1930-1996) began serving as governor of Tennessee. In 1979 he was ousted from office 3 days early in a cash for clemency scandal.
    (SFC, 11/25/96, p.A3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ray_Blanton)

1976        Feb 18, Pres. Gerald Ford signed an executive order prohibiting US officials from plotting or engaging in political assassination. The order was later broadened by Presidents Carter and Reagan. Ford issued  Executive Order 11905 to clarify U.S. foreign-intelligence activities. In a section of the order labeled "Restrictions on Intelligence Activities," Ford concisely but explicitly outlawed political assassination. It became effective on March 1.
    (www.ford.utexas.edu/LIBRARY/speeches/760110e.htm#assassination)

1978        Jan 18, Center for Disease Control (CDC) isolated the cause of Legionnaire's disease.
    (HN, 1/18/99)

1980        Jan 18, Steve Rubell & Ian Schrager, owners of the Studio 54 disco in NYC, were sentenced to 3 years in prison for tax evasion and fined $20,000.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steve_Rubell)
1980        Jan 18, Cecil Beaton (b.1904)), British fashion photographer, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cecil_Beaton)

1981        Jan 18, Wendy O. Williams (1949-1998), lead singer for the punk band the Plasmatics, was arrested in Milwaukee for on-stage obscenity.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3dsq4g)

1982        Jan 18, Four Thunderbird USAF pilots died when their T-38 Talon jets crashed at Indian Springs Auxiliary Airfield, Nv. Mechanical failure was cited as the cause. Shortly after, the precision flying team began flying F-16 fighter jets. It was the worst accident in the Thunderbirds' history. In all, 18 pilots and one crew member have died in Thunderbird crashes.
    (www.reviewjournal.com)(SFC, 8/30/03, p.A22)

1985        Jan 18, President Reagan declared that the U.S. would not take part in the World Court ruling on Nicaraguan charges.
    (HN, 1/18/99)
1985        Jan 18, In Sudan Mahmud Mohammed Taha (b.1909) was hanged for refusing to recant his unorthodox views on Islam. Sudanese president Jaafar Nimeiri, on the advice of Islamist leader Hassan al-Turabi, ordered the execution.
    (AFP, 4/23/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahmoud_Mohamed_Taha)

1988        Jan 18, An airliner crashed in southwestern China, killing all 108 people on board, according to the official Xinhua news agency.
    (AP, 1/18/98)

1989        Jan 18, The US Supreme Court upheld a tough, year-old sentencing system for people convicted of federal crimes, overruling more than 150 trial judges who had struck down the guidelines.
    (AP, 1/18/99)
1989        Jan 18, Astronomers discovered pulsar in remnants of Supernova 1987A (LMC).
    (http://tinyurl.com/gbt2k)
1989        Jan 18, Bruce Chatwin (b.1940), British travel writer, died of AIDS in France. His books included "In Patagonia" (1984) "Songlines," "The Viceroy of Ouidah," and "On the Black Hill." In 1997 a collection of incidental writing was published: "Anatomy of Restlessness."
    (http://myweb.lsbu.ac.uk/stafflag/brucechatwin.html)(SFEC, 8/10/97, BR p.3)

1990        Jan 18, In an FBI sting, Washington, D.C., Mayor Marion Barry was arrested for drug possession. Barry was arrested while smoking crack cocaine and fondling a woman who was not his wife. He was later convicted of a misdemeanor.
    (AP, 1/18/00)(SFC, 11/24/14, p.A6)
1990        Jan 18, A jury in Los Angeles acquitted former preschool operators Raymond Buckey and his mother, Peggy McMartin Buckey, of 52 child molestation charges.
    (AP, 1/18/00)

1991        Jan 18, The US acknowledged that the CIA and US Army paid Panama’s military leader Manuel Noriega $322,226 from 1955-1986. Noriega began receiving money from the CIA in 1976.
    (www.orlingrabbe.com/part10.htm)(www.bushwatch.com/family.htm)
1991        Jan 18, Round-the-clock bombing of Iraqi targets continued in Operation Desert Storm.
    (AP, 1/18/01)
1991        Jan 18, Financially strapped Eastern Airlines shut down after 62 years in business.
    (AP, 1/18/98)
1991        Jan 18, Former New York Congressman Hamilton Fish Senior died in Cold Spring, New York, at age 102.
    (AP, 1/18/01)
1991        Jan 18, Three young people were crushed to death at an AC-DC concert in Salt Lake City.
    (AP, 1/18/01)
1991        Jan 18, Iraq fired more Scud missiles at Israeli cities. Israel refrains from responding at the request of President Bush.
    (HN, 1/18/99)

1992        Jan 18, The Hollywood Foreign Press Association presented its Golden Globe awards, considered a forerunner of the Academy Awards; no clear favorite emerged as the Walt Disney animated film "Beauty and the Beast," "Bugsy," "JFK" and "The Prince of Tides" were honored.
    (AP, 1/18/02)

1993        Jan 18, Allied warplanes attacked targets in "no fly" zones in southern and northern Iraq.
    (AP, 1/18/98)
1993        Jan 18, The Martin Luther King Jr. holiday was observed in all 50 states for the first time.
    (AP, 1/18/98)

1994        Jan 18, Retired Adm. Bobby Inman withdrew his nomination to be US defense secretary, denouncing what he called attacks on his character and reputation.
    (AP, 1/18/99)
1994        Jan 18, Iran-Contra prosecutor Lawrence Walsh released his final report in which he said former President Reagan had acquiesced in a cover-up of the scandal. Reagan called the accusation "baseless."
    (AP, 1/18/99)

1995        Jan 18, The new San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, designed by Swiss architect Mario Botta, opened. It’s cost is $63 million and it’s size is 225,000 sq. ft.
    (SF E&C, 1/15/95, SFE Mag. p.21)
1995        Jan 18, The death toll climbed past 6,000 in the earthquake in Kobe, Japan.
    (AP, 1/18/00)
1995        Jan 18, South African President Nelson Mandela's cabinet denied amnesty sought by 3,500 police officers in apartheid's waning days.
    (AP, 1/18/00)

1996        Jan 18, Lisa Marie Presley-Jackson filed for divorce from Michael Jackson.
    (AP, 1/18/98)
1996        Jan 18, Minnesota Fats (82), born as Rudolf Wanderone Jr., billiard hustler, died.
    (www.egyptianaaa.org/SI-MinnesotaFats.htm)
1996        Jan 18, Russian President Boris Yeltsin announced that 82 hostages were freed when his forces wiped out Chechen fighters in Pervomayskaya, ending a weeklong standoff; however, he said 18 other hostages were missing.
    (AP, 1/18/01)

1997        Jan 18, Former Massachusetts Sen. Paul Tsongas (55), who rebounded from cancer to briefly become the Democratic front-runner for president in 1992, died in Boston of pneumonia.
    (SFEC, 1/19/97, p.B6)(AP, 1/18/98)
1997        Jan 18, Norwegian Boerge Ousland completed a solo crossing of Antarctica that began Nov 15. He used a parachute and skies to help pull himself across the 1695 miles from Berkner Island to Scott Base.
    (SFC, 1/18/97, p.C1)
1997        Jan 18, In Tanzania it was reported that the lion population had fallen by about a third in the Serengeti National park due to distemper in dogs that transmitted up the food chain. More than 1,000 lions had died over the last 2 years.
    (SFC, 1/18/97, p.A16)

1998        Jan 18, The annual Golden Globes awards in Beverly Hills awarded "Titanic" the best drama, best director for James Cameron, best score and best original song. "As Good as it Gets" won as best film comedy/musical, best actor for Jack Nicholson, and best actress for Helen Hunt. "Ally McBeal" beat "Seinfeld" as best TV comedy.
    (SFC, 1/19/98, p.E1)(AP, 1/18/99)
1998        Jan 18, Pope John Paul II named 22 new cardinals, including Archbishop Francis Eugene George of Chicago and James Francis Stafford, the former archbishop of Denver.
    (AP, 1/18/99)
1998        Jan 18, The Bosnian Serb Parliament named a coalition government led by Milorad Dodik, a pro-western leader of the Independent Social Democrats.
    (SFC, 1/19/98, p.A8)
1998        Jan 18, In Jordan assailants assassinated 8 people in a hilltop villa that included a top Iraqi diplomat, Hikmet Hajou, and Iraqi businessman Namir Ochi, who handled food imports to Iraq for Saddam Hussein.
    (SFC, 1/19/98, p.B2)
1998        Jan 18, In Northern Ireland Fergal McCusker (28) was killed by the Loyalist Volunteer Force in Maghera.
    (SFC, 1/19/98, p.A8)

1999        Jan 18, The UN reported that the Parliament of Senegal banned the tradition of female genital mutilation.
    (SFC, 1/18/99, p.A14)
1999        Jan 18, UN leader Kofi Annan recommended that UN military observers leave Angola due to their targeting by the warring sides.
    (SFC, 1/19/99, p.A6)
1999        Jan 18, In Brazil the real was allowed to float and interest rates were raised from 29 to 41%.
    (SFC, 1/19/99, p.A6)
1999        Jan 18, In Grenada Keith Mitchell's New National party won all 15 parliamentary seats. His government had collapsed 7 weeks previous under allegations of corruption.
    (SFC, 1/20/99, p.A10)
1999        Jan 18, The end of Ramadan was marked by prisoner releases in Egypt, Palestine and Afghanistan.
    (WSJ, 1/18/99, p.A1)
1999        Jan 18, In Kosovo defying global outrage over the massacre of 45 ethnic Albanian civilians, Serb forces pounded villages with artillery. Pres. Milosevic also ordered the expulsion of Ambassador William Walker within 48 hours. Walker had accused Serbian forces in the recent massacre of 45 people in Kosovo.
    (SFC, 1/19/99, p.A1)(AP, 1/18/00)
1999        Jan 18, In Zimbabwe former Pres. Canaan Banana was sentenced to 10 years in jail for sodomy and indecent assault. Nine of the years were suspended.
    (SFC, 1/19/99, p.A7)

2000        Jan 18, A US test missile fired from the Marshall Islands failed to shoot down a mock warhead fired from a California air base. In a blow to the Pentagon’s push to develop a national missile defense by 2005, officials announced that a prototype missile interceptor had roared into space in search of a mock warhead over the Pacific, but had failed to hit it.
    (SFC, 1/19/00, p.A3)(AP, 1/18/01)
2000        Jan 18, In Chechnya Russian troops began moving through the streets of Grozny in the most intense ground attack in 4 months.
    (SFC, 1/19/00, p.A1)
2000        Jan 18, In Chechnya Russian Gen. Mikhail Malofeyev went missing in Grozny following an ambush and rebel commanders later reported that they had him captured.
    (SFC, 1/21/00, p.A12)
2000        Jan 18, In China the Intermediate People's Court in Urumqi, the capital of Xinjiang, convicted 13 Uigher defendants of separatism, murder, robbery and illegally dealing in weapons. 5 of the convicted were sentenced to death.
    (SFC, 1/25/00, p.A12)
2000        Jan 18, In Indonesia Muslim mobs attacked the Christian minority for a 2nd day in Lombok.
    (SFC, 1/19/00, p.A13)

2001        Jan 18, One year ago: President Clinton, in a farewell from the Oval Office, told the nation that "America has done well" during his presidency, with record-breaking prosperity and a cleaner environment.
    (AP, 1/18/02)
2001        Jan 18, Electricity-strapped California saw a second day of rolling blackouts.
    (AP, 1/18/02)
2001        Jan 18, SF sued 13 energy providers for collusion to fix prices and restrict the energy supply.
    (SFC, 1/19/01, p.A12)
2001        Jan 18, Rev. Jesse Jackson acknowledged that he had fathered a daughter in 1999 through an extramarital affair with Karin Stanford, former head of the Rainbow/PUSH Washington office.
    (SSFC, 1/21/01, p.D7)(AP, 1/18/02)
2001        Jan 18, In Algeria 23 shepherds and farmers were killed in the Dahra region by armed assailants.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A11)
2001        Jan 18, The Congo government announced the death of Laurent Kabila.
    (SFC, 1/19/01, p.A16)
2001        Jan 18, Ofir Rafum (16) of Israel was murdered in the West Bank after being lured over by a woman via an internet relationship.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A11)
2001        Jan 18, In Romania there was a cyanide spill in the Siret River. 72 people were later hospitalized after eating river fish.
    (WSJ, 1/25/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 18, Pavel Borodin (54), secretary of the Russia-Belarus Union, was arrested at JFK airport by FBI agents on a Swiss warrant for money laundering.
    (SFC, 1/19/01, p.A15)
2001        Jan 18, In Thailand a court agreed to hear a corruption case against Prime Minister-elect Thakson Shinawatra.
    (SFC, 1/19/01, p.D4)
2001        Jan 18, In Thailand 2 bombs exploded in Bangkok and at least 8 people were killed.
    (SFC, 1/19/01, p.A17)

2002        Jan 18, New US bomb-screening measures went into effect that included tying passengers to their checked baggage.
    (WSJ, 1/18/02, p.A1)
2002        Jan 18,  Sara Jane Olson, '70s radical-turned-suburban mother, was sentenced in Los Angeles to 20 years to life in prison for plotting to blow up a pair of police cars 27 years earlier. On March 17 2008 Olson was released on parole, but soon returned to prison for another year due to an alleged clerical error made in 2004. In 2009 Olson (62) was freed from prison in California  and returned to Minnesota to serve a year long parole.
    (AP, 1/18/03)(AP, 3/21/08)(SFC, 3/24/08, p.B1)(SFC, 3/18/09, p.A5)
2002        Jan 18, Talk magazine announced it was shutting down, less than three years after its highly publicized launch.
    (AP, 1/18/03)
2002        Jan 18, Estimates of Afghan civilian deaths from US bombing were set at 1,000 to 1,300 by the Mass. think tank, Project on Defense Alternatives.
    (SFC, 1/19/02, p.A6)
2002        Jan 18, US forces took 6 terrorism suspects, held since October, from Bosnia after local courts ruled that there was too little evidence to hold them. The suspects included Bensayah Belkacem, a key European al Qaeda lieutenant. Protesters clashed with riot police.
    (SFC, 1/19/02, p.A12)(SFC, 1/23/02, p.A9)(WSJ, 3/18/02, p.A10)
2002        Jan 18, In Brazil Celso Daniel, the PT mayor of Santo Andre, a Sao Paulo suburb, was kidnapped by a gang seeking to free comrades from prison. His bullet-riddled body was found Jan 20. The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Brazil claimed responsibility (Brazilian Revolutionary Action Front) for the killing and the Sep murder of another Workers’ Party mayor.
    (WSJ, 1/21/02, p.A1)(SFC, 1/26/02, p.A8)
2002        Jan 18, Bayer AG disclosed that as many as 100 deaths might be linked to Baycol, a promising cholesterol drug that was withdrawn in Aug 2001.
    (WSJ, 1/21/02, p.A10)
2002        Jan 18, Five Colombian police officers died while protecting a downed UH-1N helicopter. The US helicopter was destroyed to keep it out of rebel hands.
    (SFC, 1/25/02, p.A15)
2002        Jan 18, Israeli forces bombed the Palestinian town of Tulkarm and at least 2 Palestinians were killed. Two Israeli tanks and an armored personnel carrier parked outside Yasser Arafat's headquarters, confining the Palestinian leader to his office complex a day after a Palestinian gunman burst into a banquet hall and gunned down six Israelis.
    (SFC, 1/19/02, p.A1)(AP, 1/18/03)
2002        Jan 18, In Mexico Feliz Alonso Fernandez Garcia, editor of the weekly Nueva Opcion magazine, was shot and killed after filing a report that linked former mayor Raul Rodriguez Barrera and drug traffickers.
    (SFC, 1/24/02, p.A8)
2002        Jan 18, It was reported that the biography: "Vladimir Putin: a Life Story" by Oleg Blotsky was being released in Moscow.
    (SFC, 1/18/02, p.A7)

2003        Jan 18, Michelle Kwan won her sixth straight U.S. Figure Skating Championships title and seventh overall; Michael Weiss won his third U.S. men's title.
    (AP, 1/18/04)
2003        Jan 18, In the US tens of thousands rallied in Washington DC in an emphatic dissent against preparations for war in Iraq. As many as 500,000 rallied outside the Capitol. In SF the rally drew at least 100,000 by my count.
    (AP, 1/19/03)(AR)(SSFC, 1/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 18, Heavy bush fires hit Canberra, Australia, killing 4 people. At least 388 homes were destroyed.
    (AP, 1/19/03)
2003        Jan 18, In Bolivia a bus slammed into a mountainside outside Cochabamba, killing 28 people and injuring at least 30.
    (AP, 1/20/03)
2003        Jan 18, In southern Colombia FARC guerrillas blew up every home in the hamlet of La Union.
    (AP, 1/19/03)
2003        Jan 18, The Czech Republic's ruling party nominated former PM Milos Zeman as its new candidate to replace President Vaclav Havel.
    (AP, 1/18/03)
2003        Jan 18, UN officials warned Iraq it was running out of time to cooperate and avoid war.
    (AP, 1/18/08)
2003        Jan 18, Israeli soldiers tracked and killed a 2nd Palestinian assailant who fled after an attack on a Jewish outpost in the West Bank. The two slain Palestinians had earlier killed one Israeli and injured three others the previous night.
    (AP, 1/18/03)
2003        Jan 18, Activists in Tokyo carried toy guns filled with flowers, one banner at a Moscow rally read "Iraq isn't your ranch, Mr. Bush," and some 6,000 anti-war protesters in Paris shouted, "Stop Bush! Stop war!"
    (AP, 1/18/03)
2003        Jan 18, Moroccan rescue workers found the bodies of 16 people who drowned while trying to illegally enter Spain by crossing the Strait of Gibraltar in an inflatable boat.
    (AP, 1/19/03)
2003        Jan 18, Serhiy Naboka (47), one of Ukraine's best-known journalists, and a reporter for a U.S.-funded radio station, was found dead in his hotel room.
    (AP, 1/18/03)
2003        Jan 18, In Venezuela at least 100,000 anti-government protesters staged a candlelight march in Caracas.
    (AP, 1/19/03)

2004        Jan 18, The New England Patriots earned their second trip to the Super Bowl in three seasons by defeating the Indianapolis Colts 24-14 in the AFC championship game; the Carolina Panthers defeated the Philadelphia Eagles, 14-3, in the NFC championship game.
    (AP, 1/18/05)
2004        Jan 18, A U.S. helicopter attacked a house in Saghatho village in southern Afghanistan, killing 11 people, four of them children. The US military said that only 5 militants were killed.
    (AP, 1/19/04)(SFC, 1/20/04, p.A3)
2004        Jan 18, London billionaire twins Sir David and Sir Frederick Barclay (69) announced their plan to buy a controlling interest in Hollinger Inc., the Toronto-based parent of publisher Hollinger Intl. led by Conrad Black. The sale was blocked in Feb.
    (ADN, 1/20/04, p.F2)(WSJ, 3/1/04, p.B4)
2004        Jan 18, In Georgia an explosion at a scientific institute in Tbilisi killed two people and injured two others. It occurred during a transfer of nitrogen, an indication that a canister of the gas could have blown up.
    (AP, 1/19/04)
2004        Jan 18, Marches in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, continued against Pres. Aristide. Gunmen hiding inside a state-run TV station killed at least one marcher and wounded several other.
    (SFC, 1/19/04, p.A3
2004        Jan 18, A suicide bomber blew up a pickup truck packed with 1,000 pounds of explosives outside the headquarters of the U.S.-led coalition, killed at least 31 people and injuring about 120, most of them Iraqis.
    (AP, 1/19/05)
2004        Jan 18, Pakistani agents arrested seven al-Qaida suspects and confiscated weapons during a raid in the southern city of Karachi.
    (AP, 1/18/04)

2005        Jan 18, Secretary of State nominee Condoleezza Rice, at her Senate confirmation hearing, insisted the United States was fully prepared for the Iraq war and its aftermath and refused to give a timetable for U.S. troops to come home.
    (AP, 1/18/06)
2005        Jan 18, Oscar Sanchez, owner of a family restaurant in Dallas, was kidnapped in what police believed was a stage car wreck. His body was found a week later. Jose Felix, a former teacher, and  Edgar "Richie" Acevedo, a waiter at the restaurant, were responsible for the kidnapping and slaying. Within weeks Felix was captured in Chicago. In October Mexican federal authorities captured Edgar "Richie" Acevedo in Cabo San Lucas.
    (AP, 10/15/05)
2005        Jan 18, More than 900 right-wing paramilitary fighters surrendered their weapons, but a leading international rights group criticized the demobilization process and said the Colombian government is letting war criminals off the hook.
    (AP, 1/19/05)
2005        Jan 18, Cuba's National Gazette published a new resolution by the Commerce Ministry that beginning on Feb. 7, smoking will be prohibited in theaters, stores, buses, taxis and other enclosed public areas.
    (AP, 1/18/05)
2005        Jan 18, In France Airbus unveiled the 840-passenger A380, the world's biggest passenger jet, in a glitzy ceremony in which the leaders of France, Britain, Germany and Spain hailed Europe's victory over the US as the new king of the commercial skies.
    (AP, 1/18/05)
2005        Jan 18, In Iraq a suicide bombing killed three people outside the offices of a leading Shiite political party. Insurgents released a video showing 8 Chinese workers held hostage by gunmen who claim the men are employed by a construction company working with U.S. troops, in the latest abduction of foreigners in Iraq. 2 US soldiers died elsewhere.
    (AP, 1/18/05)(WSJ, 1/19/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 18, U.S. soldiers opened fire on a car as it approached their checkpoint in northern Iraq, killing 2 civilians in the vehicle's front seats. 6 children riding in the backseat were unhurt.
    (AP, 1/19/05)
2005        Jan 18, A tsunami conference began in Japan with calls to expand warning systems.
    (WSJ, 1/19/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 18, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas summoned militant leaders to cease-fire talks in the Gaza Strip and said he is hopeful he can persuade them to halt attacks on Israel.
    (AP, 1/18/05)

2006        Jan 18, Pres. Bush ordered assets of Asef Shawkat, head of Syria’s military intelligence, to be frozen and barred trade with him because of violent meddling in Lebanon.
    (WSJ, 1/19/06, p.A1)(www.iht.com/getina/files/303997.html)
2006        Jan 18, The US Supreme Court ruled unanimously that a lower court was wrong to strike down New Hampshire abortion restrictions, but steered clear of a major ruling on the volatile issue.
    (AP, 1/18/06)
2006        Jan 18-2006 Jan 19, The US Justice Dept. filed a motion requiring Google to disclose information about consumer Web searches. Google refused to comply.
    (WSJ, 1/20/06, p.A3)
2006        Jan 18, Knicks forward Antonio Davis climbed into the stands out of concern for his wife and was ejected without a scuffle during New York's overtime loss at Chicago. He was suspended for five games.
    (AP, 1/18/07)
2006        Jan 18, Thomas Murphy, former head of General Motors (1974-1981), died in Florida.
    (WSJ, 1/19/06, p.A1)
2006        Jan 18, In China senior envoys from the United States, North Korea and China held a "beneficial" meeting on the stalled six-party talks on Pyongyang's nuclear program.
    (AFP, 1/19/06)
2006        Jan 18, In China alarmed by the spread of bird flu beyond East Asia, nations pledged nearly $2 billion to fight the disease, far exceeding expectations at the fundraising conference in Beijing. The US promised $334 million.
    (AP, 1/18/06)
2006        Jan 18, In Colombia some 3,000 armed troops were deployed to the Sierra Macarena National Park, one of Colombia's most pristine national parks, as part of an operation to clear the rebel-controlled region of coca plants and the laboratories used to make cocaine.
    (AP, 1/18/06)
2006        Jan 18, President Fidel Castro announced a long-awaited renovation of Cuba's energy system to combat blackouts that have afflicted the island nation for the past two summers.
    (AP, 1/18/06)
2006        Jan 18, Egypt released 233 Sudanese migrants detained after security forces broke up a protest camp in a Cairo square last month.
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2006        Jan 18, The European Parliament rejected plans to liberalize port services across the European Union that had sparked mass strikes by dock workers and a violent protest in front of the EU legislature in France.
    (AP, 1/18/06)
2006        Jan 18, In Germany thousands of doctors marched through Berlin to demand changes to the state health care system, including better pay and less bureaucracy.
    (AP, 1/18/06)
2006        Jan 18, In Iraq gunmen killed at least 10 security guards and seized an African engineer from Malawi in an ambush. 2 Americans were killed in a roadside bombing in Basra. The sister of Iraq's interior minister was freed by kidnappers about two weeks after being seized in Baghdad. The bodies of three men were found in a Baghdad apartment with gunshot wounds to the head. Sadad al-Batah, a Sunni Arab tribal leader related to Defense Minister Saadoun al-Dulaimi, was killed along with his nephew and a third person. 30 people were dragged from their cars and shot execution style in Nibaei.
    (AP, 1/18/06)(SFC, 1/19/06, p.A8)
2006        Jan 18, Former PM Shimon Peres said Israel would be ready to open negotiations with the Palestinians on a permanent peace accord after Israeli elections on March 28.
    (AP, 1/18/06)
2006        Jan 18, In western Ivory Coast 4 pro-government protesters were killed when UN peacekeepers opened fire to repel an attack on their base in a third day of anti-UN riots.
    (AP, 1/18/06)
2006        Jan 18, Japan's main stock market index tumbled for a second day led by a sell-off in technology shares in a session that was halted 20 minutes early because of heavy trading volume amid a widening criminal investigation of the Internet startup Livedoor. Technical glitches forced an emergency closing for the 1st time in the exchanges 57-year history.
    (AP, 1/18/06)(WSJ, 1/19/06, p.A1)(Econ, 1/21/06, p.64)
2006        Jan 18, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il said he is committed to a peaceful resolution of the standoff over his country's nuclear ambitions, as Pyongyang confirmed that the reclusive Kim had visited China over the past week.
    (AP, 1/18/06)
2006        Jan 18, Interfax news reported that Russian natural gas monopoly Gazprom has reduced supplies to European customers because of a cold snap at home.
    (AP, 1/18/06)
2006        Jan 18, Gervan Lubbe, a South African inventor, was reported to have developed an anti-malaria wristwatch to help combat one of Africa's biggest killers by monitoring the blood of those who wear it and sounding an alarm when the parasite is detected.
    (AP, 1/18/06)
2006        Jan 18, Syrian authorities released five pro-democracy activists, including two prominent former legislators, after they had served nearly four years of their five-year prison sentences.
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2006        Jan 18, In Thailand 2 fishermen were sentenced to death in the rape and murder of a British tourist, a crime that prompted the PM to demand the maximum penalty. Bualoi Posit (23) and Wichai Somkhaoyai (24) pleaded guilty to the New Year's Day slaying of Katherine Horton, a 21-year-old student from Wales.
    (AP, 1/18/06)
2006        Jan 18, An American couple claiming to be of Lao royal descent were shot dead in northeastern Thailand. Anouwong Sethathirath IV (49) and Oulayvanh Sethathirath (38) were killed at a Buddhist monastery in Nong Khai. The next day Thai police said they might have been targeted by Laos' government on suspicions that they were working against the communist regime.
    (AP, 1/19/06)

2007        Jan 18, The United States criticized China for conducting an anti-satellite weapons test in which an old Chinese weather satellite was destroyed by a ballistic missile on Jan 11.
    (AP, 1/18/07)
2007        Jan 18, Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke warned the US Congress that failure to take action soon to deal with the budgetary strains posed by an aging US population could lead to serious economic harm.
    (AP, 1/18/07)
2007        Jan 18, Truck driver Tyrone Williams was spared the death penalty and sentenced in Houston to life in prison for his role in the deaths of 19 illegal immigrants crammed in a sweltering tractor-trailer.
    (AP, 1/18/08)
2007        Jan 18, The heated controversy at ABC's top show, "Grey's Anatomy," boiled over as the network rebuked co-star Isaiah Washington for an anti-gay comment and Washington issued a lengthy apology.
    (AP, 1/18/08)
2007        Jan 18, A suicide bomber detonated his explosives next to Afghan soldiers in an eastern Afghan market, killing one soldier and wounding three.
    (AP, 1/18/07)
2007        Jan 18, South America's most prominent leaders met in Rio for a two-day summit of the fractured Mercosur economic bloc. Leaders sought to refocus Mercosur on the needs of the region's poor as Venezuela's outspoken president called for remaking Mercosur to fit his vision of "21st century socialism."
    (AP, 1/18/07)
2007        Jan 18, In China hundreds of riot police clashed with villagers protesting against an alleged land grab by officials in the southern province of Guangdong.
    (AP, 1/19/07)
2007        Jan 18, In Dubai a high-rise apartment building under construction caught fire, injuring up to 25 workers and trapping others in thick smoke as rescue crews scrambled to reach them.
    (AP, 1/18/07)
2007        Jan 18, East Timor and the UN launched an appeal for $16.6 million to help resettle and reintegrate about 100,000 people displaced by violence which wracked the country last year.
    (AFP, 1/18/07)
2007        Jan 18, India prepared to send 125 of its crack policewomen to Liberia to act as UN peacekeepers, the first time the world body has deployed an all-female unit.
    (AFP, 1/18/07)
2007        Jan 18, In India a boat carrying people to a religious festival sank on the Krishna River. As many as 66 pilgrims were feared drowned.
    (AP, 1/19/07)
2007        Jan 18, In Iraq at least 59 people were killed or found dead. 3 car bombs detonated within minutes of each other in front of a wholesale vegetable market near a Shiite enclave on the edge the predominantly Sunni neighborhood of Dora in southern Baghdad, killing at least 10 people and wounding 30. The US military acknowledged that coalition forces had searched the Sudanese Embassy in Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/18/07)(SFC, 1/19/07, p.A10)
2007        Jan 18, President Felipe Calderon signed an accord with businesses to curb soaring tortilla prices and protect Mexico's poor from speculative sellers and a surge in the cost of corn driven by the US ethanol industry.
    (AP, 1/18/07)
2007        Jan 18, Truck driver Albano Ramirez Santos tried to commit suicide by throwing himself onto the tracks of the Mexico City subway and was later beaten to death by police. Santos was reportedly despondent over the theft of his truck.
    (AP, 1/21/07)
2007        Jan 18, Myanmar’s state media accused pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi of evading taxes by spending her money from the 1991 Nobel Peace prize and other awards overseas.
    (AP, 1/18/07)
2007        Jan 18, A Philippine Marines platoon battled about 30 extremists under Abu Sayyaf veteran Radullan Sahiron in the Jolo town of Patikul. Ten Abu Sayyaf members and three government troops died in the hour-long fight, while three militants were captured.
    (AP, 1/18/07)
2007        Jan 18, President Vladimir Putin ordered Russia's ambassador to Georgia to return to the Georgian capital after recalling him four months ago, saying that the two countries must "normalize" badly strained ties.
    (AP, 1/18/07)
2007        Jan 18, South Korean regulators fined the Hyundai Motor Co. 23 billion won ($24.5 million) for violating competition rules.
    (Econ, 1/27/07, p.67)
2007        Jan 18, Borys Tarasyuk, Ukraine's foreign minister, accused the Cabinet of PM Yanukovych of cutting off funds to his ministry, leaving it unable to pay its employees or contribute dues to international organizations.
    (AP, 1/19/07)
2007        Jan 18, Venezuelan lawmakers gave initial approval to a bill granting President Hugo Chavez the power to rule by decree for 18 months so that he can impose sweeping economic, social and political change.
    (AP, 1/19/07)

2008        Jan 18, Pres. Bush called for a $145 billion stimulus package centered on tax breaks to rejuvenate the US economy.
    (SFC, 1/19/08, p.C1)
2008        Jan 18, In eastern Afghanistan more than 20 Taliban rebels were killed and over a dozen wounded in a joint operation between Afghan and Western forces.
    (AFP, 1/19/08)
2008        Jan 18, Two activists who had jumped on board a Japanese whaling boat were returned to their ship by Australian officials.
    (AP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 18, British PM Gordon Brown brought a high-profile delegation of business leaders to China for a visit focused on expanding economic ties between the countries. Brown began a major effort to position Britain as China's premier international business partner, offering London as a base for distribution of the Asian nation's state fund for private investment.
    (AP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 18, Mohammed Mansour Jabarah (25), a Canadian citizen of Iraqi descent, who admitted plotting to bomb US embassies in Singapore and the Philippines in 2002 was sentenced to life in prison after telling the court he had been "brainwashed" by al Qaeda.
    (Reuters, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 18, Central African Republic PM Elie Dote tendered his resignation and that of his government. His resignation came amid a social crisis gripping the country, marked by government disruptions and near-paralysis in public schools due to a civil servant strike over salaries launched earlier this month.
    (AFP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 18, Egypt angrily rejected a European parliament resolution criticizing its human rights record, with Foreign Minister Ahmed Abul Gheit saying it revealed both arrogance and ignorance.
    (AP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 18, In Iraq heavy security was set up in Karbala, where some 30,000 troops watched over hundreds of thousands of pilgrims performing the culmination of Ashoura rites. Militant Sunnis look upon Ashoura with contempt. They believe some of its rituals, like self flagellation and the use of images, amount to pagan worship and violate Islamic teachings. In Basra at least 44 people were killed, including seven officers, two civilians and 35 gunmen, after the fighting with members of the Soldiers of Heaven cult. Cult leader Ahmed Hassan Yamani was among the dead along with 4 police officers. About 60 gunmen were arrested. Aziz Khazim Alwan, the governor of Dhi Qar, of which Nasariyah is the capital, said at least 28 people were killed in that city, including 10 police.
    (AP, 1/18/08)(AP, 1/19/08)(SFC, 1/19/08, p.A7)
2008        Jan 18, Defense officials said Israel has closed all border crossings into Gaza, cutting off food and humanitarian supplies to the coastal strip in a bid to pressure its Hamas rulers to stop a barrage of rocket attacks on Israeli towns. Israeli air strikes in Gaza killed two civilians and one militant while Palestinians fired 16 rockets into southern Israel.
    (AP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 18, A court in Palermo convicted Sicily's Gov. Salvatore Cuffaro of helping a Mafia boss and sentenced him to five years in prison.
    (AP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 18, In Kenya a weakened opposition said it would turn to economic boycotts and strikes to keep up pressure over the East African nation's disputed election. 12 new deaths raised the toll to at least 22 people killed in three days of protests called by the opposition, all but five blamed on police.
    (AP, 1/18/08)(AP, 1/19/08)(SFC, 1/19/08, p.A3)
2008        Jan 18, Libya defended plans to carry out a massive expulsion of illegal immigrants, rejecting criticism from a human rights group that doing so would violate international law.
    (AP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 18, It was reported that the EU’s environment commissioner has threatened to take Malta to the European Court of Justice to force an end spring shooting of turtledoves and quail. Bird hunting and trapping is a traditional pastime in Malta where migrating stop twice every year. Numerous protected birds have been killed.
    (WSJ, 1/18/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 18, Renault-Nissan signed an accord with the Moroccan government for what it says will be one of its largest automobile-making operations in the world, set to be constructed near Tangiers.
    (AFP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 18, Ian Paisley, head of Northern Ireland’s Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), stepped away from the helm of the Free Presbyterian Church, which he had founded in 1951.
    (Econ, 1/26/08, p.55)
2008        Jan 18, In South Waziristan, Pakistan, “security forces used artillery, mortars and small-arms fire to engage the miscreants. Reportedly, 50-60 miscreants were killed and (the) rest of them dispersed.” Militants ambushed a convoy moving from the main town of Wana, in the Chaghmalai area of South Waziristan, prompting a fierce-one hour gunbattle. Between 20 and 30 rebels were killed. Security forces captured 40 militants in the Chaghmalai area. 2 Sunni extremists on death row for a 2004 attack on a procession that killed 42 Shiites escaped from their cell in southwest Baluchistan province.
    (AFP, 1/18/08)(AP, 1/18/08)(Reuters, 1/19/08)
2008        Jan 18, Russian President Vladimir Putin clinched a key pipeline deal with Bulgaria that strengthens Moscow's grip on European gas markets before issuing a stern warning about the future status of Kosovo.
    (AP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 18, In South Korea a fish merchant was critically ill after setting himself ablaze during a rally demanding greater compensation for South Korea's worst oil spill.
    (AP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 18, UN chief Ban Ki-moon picked Hollywood heart-throb George Clooney, a passionate advocate for an end to war and famine in Sudan's Darfur region, as the world body's latest Messenger of Peace.
    (AFP, 1/18/08)
2008        Jan 18, In Yemen gunmen believed to be al-Qaida militants opened fire on a tourist convoy near the ancestral home of Osama bin Laden, killing two Belgian women and their driver. In 2009 four Al-Qaida militants were convicted for the attack and sentenced to death.
    (AP, 1/18/08)(AP, 7/11/10)

2009        Jan 18, Bob May (69), American TV and film actor, died. He donned the Robot's suit in the hit 1960s television show "Lost in Space" (1965).
    (AP, 1/19/09)
2009        Jan 18, The Polar Mist unexpectedly sank 25 miles (40 kilometers) off the Argentine coast, near the mouth of the Straits of Magellan, as it was being tugged to dry land. 8 crew members had been rescued 2 days earlier. The owners of its cargo said nearly $22 million in unrefined gold and silver went down with it, and they asked insurer Lloyd's of London to foot the bill for the costly recovery operation. Argentine news media and maritime experts asked whether the precious metals were aboard at all. On July 14 divers recovered nearly a ton of unrefined silver from the ship easing suspicions about insurance claims on the vessel. Divers concluded their mission on August 2 to retrieve 9.5 tons of unrefined gold and silver.
    (AP, 4/8/09)(AP, 7/16/09)(AP, 8/3/09)
2009        Jan 18, Australia listed the world's largest sea turtle, the leatherback, as endangered due to the threats posed by overfishing and the unsustainable harvesting of its eggs and meat.
    (AFP, 1/18/09)
2009        Jan 18, The roof of a Brazilian church in Sao Paulo caved in shortly after a religious service, killing 9 people and injuring 106 more.
    (AP, 1/19/09)
2009        Jan 18, British television presenter Tony Hart (83) died. He had charmed generations of children with his artsy antics.
    (AP, 1/18/09)
2009        Jan 18, Central African Republic President Francois Bozize dissolved the government, after pledging to form a unity government at recent peace talks.
    (AFP, 1/18/09)
2009        Jan 18, China’s public security bureau of Lhasa, Tibet, launched a "strike hard" campaign against crime, with raids on residential areas, Internet cafes, bars, rented rooms, hotels and guesthouses.
    (AP, 1/28/09)
2009        Jan 18, Denmark said it is expanding its financial rescue package by lending the country’s banks and mortgage $17.8 billion.
    (SFC, 1/19/09, p.D1)
2009        Jan 18, Dubai said it has reached a deal with Nigeria to invest in the African nation's conflict-ravaged oil industry and other sectors of the economy.
    (AP, 1/18/09)
2009        Jan 18, In El Salvador polls ahead of six-party elections indicated the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front, a former guerrilla group known as the FMLN, will increase its 32-seat plurality in the 84-member legislature while winning the capital and most of the 262 mayors races up for grabs.
    (AP, 1/18/09)
2009        Jan 18, Militants in Hamas-ruled Gaza agreed to a weeklong cease-fire with Israel, after three weeks of violence that Palestinian medics say has killed more than 1,200 people, about half of them civilians. The announcement came about 12 hours after Israel declared its own unilateral ceasefire. On March 19 a final tally of Palestinians killed in Israel's recent war on Gaza's Hamas rulers was reported to be 1,417, including 926 civilians. A Palestinian human rights groups published the names, ages and other information about the dead on its Web site.
    (AP, 1/18/09)(AP, 3/19/09)
2009        Jan 18, Kyrgyzstan began to come under a massive cyber attack attributed to Russian “cyber-militia.” Less than 20% of the country’s 5.3 million population had online access. Proposed reasons for the attacks included the US use of an air base for operations in Afghanistan or a hit on the fledgling Kyrgyz opposition, which has used the Internet to express its discontent.    
    (WSJ, 1/28/09, p.A10)
2009        Jan 18, Moldovan poet Grigore Vieru (b.1935) died in a car crash. He was admired for his courage in promoting Romanian, the country's native language, when Moldova was a Soviet republic. In the 1970s, he wrote "The Little Bee," Moldova's first Romanian-language school manual for young children.
    (AP, 1/19/09)
2009        Jan 18, Nigerian militants attacked a loading vessel, a tanker and a tug boat at a crude oil platform operated by Shell in Bonny and took 8 crew members hostage. One person was killed in the attack. Nigerian rebels holding two British oil workers said they had moved 3 British hostages to another location after what it claimed was a botched rescue attempt by government troops.
    (AFP, 1/18/09)(AP, 1/18/09)
2009        Jan 18, Pakistan’s information minister said the government will push to quickly reopen girls' schools destroyed by Islamic militants in the northwest Swat valley.
    (AP, 1/18/09)
2009        Jan 18, Russia and Ukraine announced a deal to end the bitter dispute that has blocked Russian natural gas from Europe following talks between Russian PM Vladimir Putin and his Ukrainian counterpart Yulia Tymoshenko. Under the terms, Ukraine will pay 20 percent less than the European "market price" price for gas this year, which Russia says is $450 per 1,000 cubic meters. That's more than twice as much as the $179.50 Ukraine paid in 2008.
    (AP, 1/18/09)
2009        Jan 18, The UN-African Union peacekeeping mission said rebels from the Justice and Equality Movement have taken control of Muhajaria town in the western Sudan region of Darfur.
    (AP, 1/19/09)

2010        Jan 18, US officials said on some 390 tons of ground beef produced by a California meat packer, some of it nearly two years ago, is being recalled for fear of potentially deadly E. coli bacterium tainting.
    (Reuters, 1/18/10)
2010        Jan 18, It was reported that Alaska corporations and a multinational firm are planning to build the first fiber optic cable between Asia and Europe through the Arctic. The project estimated at $1 billion, involved laying 10,000 miles of undersea fiber optic cable from Tokyo, along the Alaska coast, through the Northwest Passage, past Greenland to London.
    (SFC, 1/18/10, p.D3)
2010        Jan 18, Robert B. Parker (77), crime novelist and author of the popular Spencer novels, died in Cambridge, Mass. Parker reinvigorated the detective novel genre with “The Godwulf Manuscript” (1973).
    (SSFC, 1/24/10, p.F6)(SFC, 5/14/10, p.F6)
2010        Jan 18, Afghan Taliban militants wearing explosives vests launched a brazen assault on the heart of Kabul, as suicide bombings and gunbattles near the presidential palace and other government buildings paralyzed the capital for hours. The 12 people killed included 7 attackers, 2 of whom detonated suicide bombs.
    (AP, 1/18/10)(SFC, 1/19/10, p.A2)
2010        Jan 18, Kate McGarrigle (63), Canadian folk singer, died of cancer at her home in Montreal. She performed with her sister Anna as the McGarrigle Sisters. Their songs included “Heart Like a Wheel.”
    (SFC, 1/20/10, p.C7)
2010        Jan 18, It was reported that China was tightening smoking regulations by enforcing a ban on smoking in any indoor public space in seven provincial capitals.
    (www.straitstimes.com/BreakingNews/Asia/Story/STIStory_478846.html)
2010        Jan 18, In China rescue workers evacuated thousands of rural residents from parts of the northwest after extreme cold and blizzard conditions killed four people and left half a million snowed under. Storms in far western Xinjiang flattened or damaged about 100,000 homes and more than 15,000 head of livestock were killed by the cold front that set in the previous night.
    (AP, 1/18/10)
2010        Jan 18, EU finance ministers began 2 days of talks with worries over Greece's swelling debt expected to dominate the session, as the euro fell to a ten-day low against the dollar.
    (AP, 1/18/10)
2010        Jan 18, The European Union said some 200,000 people may have been killed in the magnitude-7.0 quake, quoting Haitian officials who also said about 70,000 bodies have been recovered so far.
    (AP, 1/18/10)
2010        Jan 18, In Egypt and Israel heavy rains and flash floods left seven people dead, including a British tourist who was killed when a sailboat capsized on the Nile River.
    (AP, 1/18/10)
2010        Jan 18, The OSCE, Europe's main security and human rights watchdog, said that Turkey was blocking some 3,700 Internet sites for "arbitrary and political reasons" and urged reforms to show its commitment to freedom of expression.
    (Reuters, 1/18/10)
2010        Jan 18, In Iran gunmen fatally shot Vali Hajgholizadeh, a court prosecutor, outside his home in the town of Khoy, near the Turkish border. An Iranian official said Kurdish rebels may have been involved in the assassination. Opposition groups flooded the Web with calls for a huge show of force on the Feb 11 commemoration of the Islamic Revolution.
    (AP, 1/19/10)(SFC, 1/19/10, p.A3)
2010        Jan 18, In Iraq gunmen broke into the office of an Iraqi humanitarian organization in Baghdad and killed five employees.
    (AP, 1/18/10)
2010        Jan 18, Israel's Cabinet convened for the first time in Berlin, the former heart of the Nazi regime, for a special joint session with the German government highlighting the two nations' strong bond six decades after the Holocaust.
    (AP, 1/18/10)
2010        Jan 18, Israeli police arrested 9 people at a radical Jewish settlement in connection with the Dec 11, 2009, torching of a West Bank mosque and other attacks on Palestinian property.
    (AP, 1/18/10)
2010        Jan 18, A group of 30 Mauritanian Muslim leaders issued a religious edict banning female genital mutilation in the West African country. The leaders also agreed to preach against the practice at their mosques.
    (AP, 1/18/10)
2010        Jan 18, Pakistani troops killed 10 Taliban militants and arrested five others in a clash in the northwestern tribal belt near the Afghan border. Militants attacked anti-Taliban militiamen in the Bazai section of Mohmand tribal area near the Afghan border, killing one and wounding another. Authorities also found the bullet-riddled body of another anti-Taliban militiaman in a nearby area, two days after he was kidnapped.
    (AFP, 1/18/10)(AP, 1/18/10)
2010        Jan 18, A Spanish Foreign Ministry official said the country will take in two inmates from the US prison at Guantanamo Bay.
    (AP, 1/18/10)
2010        Jan 18, In southern Sudan clashes began in the troubled southern state of Jonglei leaving 9 people dead.
    (AFP, 1/22/10)
2010        Jan 18, Swiss Reinsurance Co. said it transferred part of its US life insurance business to American investor Warren Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway Inc. for 1.3 billion Swiss francs ($1.27 billion) to free up capital and invest it more profitably.
    (AP, 1/18/10)
2010        Jan 18, Mehmet Ali Agca (52), the Turk who shot Pope John Paul II in 1981, was released from prison after more than 29 years behind bars. Doctors at military hospital concluded that he was unfit for compulsory military service because of "severe anti-social personality disorder as Agca proclaimed that he was a messenger of God and that the world will end in this century.
    (AP, 1/18/10)
2010        Jan 18, Ukrainian PM Yulia Tymoshenko rushed to the east of the country after an explosion in a hospital killed seven people.
    (Reuters, 1/18/10)

2011        Jan 18, President Barack Obama ordered a government-wide review of regulations with the goal of eliminating those that hurt job creation and make the economy less competitive.
    (Reuters, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, The city of Camden, NJ, laid off 335 workers, about one-sixth of its employees as city leaders sought to balance the budget amid falling tax revenue and diminishing aid from the state.
    (AP, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, Philadelphia Gas Works employee, Mark Keeley (19), was killed in a gas main explosion. 6 people were sent to the hospital with 3 in critical condition.
    (SFC, 1/20/11, p.A6)
2011        Jan 18, Sargent Shriver (95), first director of the US Peace Corps (1961), died in Maryland.
    (SFC, 1/19/11, p.A9)
2011        Jan 18, In Stanislaus County, Ca., Jose Esteban Rodriguez (27), kidnapped Juliani Cardenas (4), the son of his girlfriend, from the arms of the boy’s grandmother and fled in a Toyota car. A witness saw the car plunge into a canal with a man and boy inside. Authorities found the car on Jan 28 in a canal near Patterson. On Feb 1 the child’s body was found in the Delta-Mendota canal about 30 miles south of Patterson. Tabitha Cardenas was pregnant with Rodriguez’s daughter. On Feb 12 the body of Rodriguez was found in the Delta-Mendota Canal near Patterson.
    (SFC, 2/2/11, p.C3)(SSFC, 2/13/11, p.C9)
2011        Jan 18, Afghanistan's trade associations said they have halted trade with neighboring Iran to protest against an unexplained fuel blockade which has been choking the Afghan economy. An Afghan soldier shot dead one Italian troop and seriously wounded another at an army post in northern Afghanistan. 50 Taliban fighters laid down their arms and joined pro-government forces in northern Afghanistan. A rocket hit a civilian house during a firefight between insurgents and NATO forces in Herat province. One child was killed and another 10 people were wounded.
    (Reuters, 1/18/11)(AP, 1/18/11)(AP, 1/19/11)(Reuters, 1/20/11)
2011        Jan 18, In Afghanistan an unknown assailant in Kabul sprayed acid in the face of a Razaq Mamoon, a prominent journalist and author, apparently in retaliation for his politically charged writing. Mamoon was not critically injured, but his face was splotchy with red and black patches.
    (AP, 1/19/11)
2011        Jan 18, Algeria’s El Khabar daily said a father-of-six became the fifth Algerian to turn himself into a human fireball this week, in a replica of the immolation protest that triggered the president's ouster in neighboring Tunisia.
    (AFP, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, In Australia the city of Horsham, Victoria state, resembled a lake after the Wimmera River overflowed its banks and bisected the community before starting to recede. The weekslong flooding crisis has left 30 people dead.
    (AP, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, In Egypt Ahmed Hashem el-Sayed (25), an unemployed man, died in a hospital after setting himself on fire the previous evening in the port city of Alexandria. Two men attempted to set themselves on fire in downtown Cairo. Both survived.
    (AP, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, Guatemalan President Alvaro Colom said he is extending a state of siege in a violent province on the border with Mexico that has been taken over by Mexico's brutal Zetas drug gang. A monthlong state of siege that began on Dec. 19 in Alta Verapaz province has been successful but that he'll extend it an extra month.
    (AP, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, Haitian prosecutors slapped a slew of corruption charges on Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier, under 48 hours after the ex-dictator's unexpected return to his homeland. He remained free after four hours of questioning.
    (AFP, 1/19/11)
2011        Jan 18, In western India a major fire on the outskirts of Mumbai burned nearly 10,500 gallons (40,000 liters) of lubricant oil at a depot of state-owned Indian Oil Corporation.
    (AP, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, Iran’s semi-official Mehr news agency said that the ration of gasoline costing just 1,000 rials per liter (about 10 US cents, or $0.38 per US gallon) would be zero from the next Iranian month, which starts on January 21.
    (Reuters, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew himself up in a crowd of police recruits, killing at least 65 people in Tikrit.
    (AP, 1/18/11)(AP, 1/19/11)
2011        Jan 18, Israeli police arrested Aleksander Cvetkovic, a former Bosnian Serb soldier. He was suspected by Bosnian authorities to be a member of an eight-man firing squad involved in executing between 1,000 and 1,200 Bosnian Muslims at the Branjevo Farm in July 1995. In 2013 He was extradited to face trial in Bosnia.
    (AP, 1/18/11)(SFC, 8/17/13, p.A2)
2011        Jan 18, Israeli forces killed a Palestinian on the Gaza border after militants set off a bomb.
    (AP, 1/19/11)
2011        Jan 18, Ivory Coast security forces loyal to the incumbent leader who refuses to give up power opened fire killing at least one person, as military chiefs from neighboring nations met to plan a possible armed intervention to depose Laurent Gbagbo.
    (AP, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, Jordan’s powerful Islamist opposition said Jordanians should be able to elect their prime minister and other government officials rather than having them appointed in a rare challenge to Jordan's political system.
    (AP, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, A Luxembourg official said the country will invest a large sum in Burkina Faso to help alleviate poverty in the landlocked West African nation.
    (AP, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, Mexico's federal police said they have arrested Flavio Mendez Santiago (35), a founding member of the brutal Zetas drug cartel. He controlled drug smuggling routes and the kidnapping of Central American migrants in southern Mexico. Police found five mutilated bodies outside the wealthy city of Monterrey, part of a series of attacks that killed 23 people and dragged the region deeper into Mexico's drug war.
    (AP, 1/18/11)(Reuters, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, The US Peace Corps said it has suspended its operations in Niger and evacuated all 98 of its volunteers from the west African nation due to security concerns following the kidnapping and murder of two French citizens claimed by an al-Qaida affiliate.
    (AP, 1/19/11)
2011        Jan 18, Pakistani paramilitary troops went house to house rounding up dozens of men in a restive neighborhood of Karachi as part of a crackdown on soaring violence. A US drone attacked a compound in North Waziristan, killing five militants. Suspected militants in South Waziristan fired rockets at a military camp, killing three soldiers. A roadside bomb exploded near a car, killing two civilians in southwest Baluchistan province.
    (AFP, 1/18/11)(AP, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, In Pakistan a 7.2 magnitude earthquake was centered in Baluchistan province.
    (SFC, 1/19/11, p.A3)
2011        Jan 18, Palestinians welcomed Russian President Dmitry Medvedev to the West Bank. Medvedev gave a political boost to the Palestinians, backing their claim to east Jerusalem as a capital and their demand that Israel must freeze all settlement construction before peace talks can resume.
    (AP, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, Paraguay granted political refugee status to Mario Cossio, a key opponent of Bolivia's leftist President Evo Morales, sheltering him from corruption charges across the border. Cossio fled Bolivia last month after provincial lawmakers allied with Morales ousted him as governor of the natural gas-rich state of Tarija due to charges of dereliction of duty and causing economic damage.
    (AP, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, Negotiators from the Philippines government and communist rebels agreed to resume peace talks after informal meetings in Norway.
    (AP, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, Philippine disaster authorities said stormy weather since late December has killed 56 people and left at least 19 missing, mostly fishermen lost in rough seas.
    (AP, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, Rwanda said police will begin cracking down on those degrading the environment as part of their widened jurisdiction to shore up ecological protection.
    (AFP, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, The South Korean commandos aboard a speedboat and a Lynx helicopter were dispatched to rescue a Mongolian ship from Somali pirates. The firefight left several pirates missing and believed killed.
    (AP, 1/21/11)
2011        Jan 18, South Sudan appealed for investors to plough $140 million into its war-hit wildlife parks, seeking to kick-start a tourism industry and wean itself off oil months ahead of its expected independence.
    (Reuters, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, A court in the northeastern Spanish region of Catalonia suspended a ban by the city of Lleida on face-covering Islamic veils in municipal buildings. The ban was suspended while the court studies an appeal lodged by a Muslim association. Only about 3 percent of Lleida's population is Muslim and only a handful of women actually wear body-covering burqas or face-covering niqab garments.
    (AP, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, Spanish police said they have arrested 25 people, including Spaniards and Colombians, and dismantled what they claim is the biggest and most sophisticated cocaine laboratory known to date in Europe. The operation began Dec. 7 and followed two years of investigations.
    (AP, 1/18/11) 
2011        Jan 18, Sudanese security forces arrested Hassan Turabi, Sudan's top Islamist opposition leader, overnight after he called for a Tunisia-style uprising in the country. Around eight other members of Turabi's Islamic Popular Congress Party also were arrested.
    (AP, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, Taiwan publicly test-fired 19 missiles. Six of the 19 surface-to-air and air-to-air missiles failed in drills. The tests were the first held in full view of the press for almost a decade.
    (AP, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, Four ministers quit Tunisia's day-old government, undermining its hopes of quelling unrest by sharing power with members of the opposition to the old regime.
    (AP, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, It was reported that around 187,000 women in Turkey are in polygamous marriages even though polygamy is illegal.
    (AFP, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, A Yemeni court official said Sanaa State Security Court has sentenced Abdel Elah al-Shaia, a journalist who interviewed the leader of al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula in 2009, to five years in prison for his ties to the extremist group. The same court also sentenced Abdel Karim al-Shami, a technician, to two years in prison for helping al-Shaia.
    (AP, 1/18/11)
2011        Jan 18, Vietnam's Communist elite selected a new party boss, after a week of secret meetings at which politicians jockeyed for power before choosing a moderate now tasked with trying to sustain country's explosive growth.
    (AP, 1/18/11)

2012        Jan 18, The Obama Administration rejected the Keystone oil pipeline because there was not enough time to review an alternate route that would avoid a sensitive aquifer in Nebraska within a 60-day window set by Congress. Republicans decried the move for sacrificing jobs and energy security in order to shore up the president's environmental base before elections. TransCanada quickly said it would re-apply for the permit, which it first sought in 2008.
    (Reuters, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 18, The US Army Deseret Chemical Depot in Utah burned its last hard weapons containing mustard gas. This marked the destruction of about 90% of its aging chemical weapons, accumulated during the Cold War.
    (SFC, 1/19/12, p.A6)
2012        Jan 18, The US Navy led a rescue operation to assist the crew of an Iranian fishing vessel in distress in the Gulf of Oman, the third in 10 days in an area marked by tension between Washington and Tehran.
    (AFP, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 18, Prosecutors in NYC introduced an almost $78 million insider trading case involving at least 7 financial industry professionals.
    (SFC, 1/19/12, p.D2)
2012        Jan 18, In Chicago 7 teens were charged in the beating and robbery of a 17-year-old high school student in an incident that stemmed from a previous altercation last October. A video of the beating went viral online. Viewers who posted comments identified the alleged attackers by name.
    (AP, 1/18/12)
2012        Jan 18, The Washington-based International Monetary Fund said that it's aiming to increase its financial firepower by around $500 billion so it can give out new loans to help mitigate a worsening financial crisis.
    (AP, 1/18/12)
2012        Jan 18, A number of Internet sites went dark for 24 hours to raise awareness of twin antipiracy bills pending in Congress. Protests quickly cut into support for the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and the Protect IP Act (PIPA) as Senator Marco Rubio, Republican of Florida, said he would no longer back the legislation he co-sponsored. The bills were pushed by former Connecticut Sen. Chris Dodd, head of the Motion Pictures Association of America.
    (SFC, 1/18/12, p.D1)(http://tinyurl.com/7e2o5ma)(Econ, 1/21/12, p.33)(SSFC, 1/29/12, p.A16)
2012        Jan 18, The US Embassy in Kathmandu said Peace Corps volunteers will return to Nepal seven years after they left during the peak of a Maoist rebel insurgency.
    (AP, 1/18/12)
2012        Jan 18, Aid agencies said thousands of people, more than half of them children, died needlessly and millions of dollars were wasted because the international community did not respond to early warnings of an impending famine in East Africa. Earlier this week food donated by Cargill, the Minnesota-based producer and marketer of food, agricultural, financial and industrial products, was delivered to communities in need in Kenya. Cargill donated 10,000 metric tons of rice to World Food Program USA. The donation, the largest ever food donation to WFP USA, would feed nearly 1 million people for a month.
    (AP, 1/18/12)
2012        Jan 18, In southern Afghanistan 12 people were killed by a suicide bomber on a motorcycle at a bridge under construction in Helmand province. An Afghan intelligence official in Nad Ali district of Helmand province and two of his body guards were killed in an explosion. Afghan security forces said they have killed nine armed insurgents and captured 23 suspects in a series of raids in the past 24 hours.
    (AP, 1/18/12)
2012        Jan 18, Angola's government denied that $32 billion had gone missing from public funds, after the IMF last month raised a flag over a discrepancy in the national books. The government said the discrepancy resulted from "oil revenue being inadequately recorded.
    (AFP, 1/18/12)
2012        Jan 18, Bahraini riot police chased anti-government protesters out of the center of the island kingdom's capital. Authorities the previous day denied the country's main Shiite-backed opposition party, Al Wefaq, permission to hold protests in central Manama.
    (AP, 1/18/12)
2012        Jan 18, Britain’s High Court in London approved a bid by authorities to evict anti-capitalist protesters from outside St Paul's Cathedral. Dozens of protesters from the Occupy London movement have been camping outside St Paul's since October.
    (Reuters, 1/18/12)
2012        Jan 18, A Chinese court in Wuhan city sentenced democracy activist Li Tie to 10 years imprisonment for subversion. A provincial court upheld the death sentence against Wu Ying (31), one of China’s wealthiest businesswomen. She was convicted on Dec 18, 2009, of illegal fund raising.
    (SFC, 1/19/12, p.A2)(Econ, 1/28/12, p.45)
2012        Jan 18, In Egypt assailants attacked Nawara Negm, a prominent activist, as she left work at Cairo's Nileside state television headquarters. She said the beating took place while scores of policemen and army soldiers assigned to the protection of the TV building stood by and watched. Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi, delivered a thinly veiled warning to anti-military activists planning a wave of protests to mark the Jan. 25 anniversary of the start of the uprising.
    (AP, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 18, The EU said it is doubling humanitarian aid to Africa's Sahel area to 95 million euros in a "race against time" to lift two million people facing food shortages out of danger.
    (AFP, 1/18/12)
2012        Jan 18, In Haiti the driver for a French journalist was killed in a robbery. Haitian driver Maxime Alcius died of gunshot wounds but Anthony Lapeyre and his wife escaped unharmed.
    (AP, 1/20/12)
2012        Jan 18, PM Viktor Orban said that Hungary's new constitution is based on the core principles of the EU but acknowledged questions over the independence of the central bank and the judiciary are understandable.
    (AP, 1/18/12)
2012        Jan 18, A conservative Iranian lawmaker was quoted as saying US President Barack Obama has called for direct talks with Iran in a secret letter to the Islamic Republic's supreme leader that also warned Tehran against closing the strategic Strait of Hormuz.
    (AP, 1/18/12)
2012        Jan 18, Iran's currency, the rial, hit a record low against the dollar, based on rates in black market trading that the government has tried to ban.
    (AFP, 1/18/12)
2012        Jan 18, In Iraq suspected insurgents killed a member of the government-allied Sunni militia along with three of his sons in Latifiyah, about 20 miles (30 km) south of Baghdad. Riyadh al-Adhadh, deputy chief of Baghdad provincial council, was arrested while on his way to work in connection with funding insurgent groups. Adhadh is a member of the Iraqi Islamic Party, a Sunni grouping under the broader Iraqiya coalition.
    (AP, 1/18/12)(AFP, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 18, Defrocked Irish priest Peter Kennedy (72) returned to Dublin after being extradited from Brazil. He faced 55 counts of sexually abusing 18 children from 1968-1984. Kennedy had fled to England in 2002 and to Brazil in 2003.
    (AP, 1/25/12)
2012        Jan 18, Israeli forces attacked a group of suspected Palestinian militants believed to have been planting a bomb along Gaza's border with the Jewish state. Palestinian officials said two people were killed and two wounded. Relatives of the dead men said they were setting traps for birds near the buffer zone.
    (AP, 1/18/12)
2012        Jan 18, A book titled "My Father, Kim Jong Il and Me," by Tokyo-based journalist Yoji Gomi, went on sale. The author said it is based primarily on email exchanges he had with Kim Jong Nam over many years.
    (AP, 1/18/12)
2012        Jan 18, Malawi said police have arrested a gang that had been terrorizing trouser-wearing women in the capital Lilongwe by stripping off their clothes.
    (AFP, 1/18/12)
2012        Jan 18, In Mali a new Tuareg rebel group, the National Movement for the Liberation of the Azawad, launched a second day of attacks on two more towns in the arid north. 47 people were killed in the clashes.
    (AP, 1/18/12)(AP, 1/20/12)
2012        Jan 18, Mexican police in Culiacan captured Eduardo Avila Ojeda (34), one of the main smugglers of illegal weapons for the Sinaloa drug cartel.
    (AP, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 18, Niger PM Brigi Rafini said 34.9% of local households, or more than five million people, are going hungry.
    (AFP, 1/18/12)
2012        Jan 18, Rwanda's military said it has suspended and put under house arrest four top military officers over allegations of business dealings with civilians in Congo.
    (AP, 1/18/12)
2012        Jan 18, Syria's state-owned media accused Qatar of arming and financing opponents of President Bashar al-Assad's regime. Qatar's emir, Sheikh Hamad Ben Khalifa al-Thani, said in an interview aired at the weekend that he backs sending Arab troops to Syria. Activists said Syrian troops have shelled the mountain resort of Zabadani near the border with Lebanon, and living conditions are deteriorating there after six days of siege. By nightfall government tanks and armored vehicles pulled back from Zabadani to two military barracks on the outskirts.
    (AFP, 1/18/12)(AP, 1/18/12)(AP, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 18, Five Tunisian students said they went on hunger strike against a ban on niqab veils imposed by Manouba university, upping the ante in a dispute which began in November.
    (AFP, 1/18/12)
2012        Jan 18, In Venezuela a helicopter crashed into Auyantepui mountain during a tour of the tabletop mountains in the Canaima National Park. 5 people were killed.
    (AP, 1/19/12)

2013        Jan 18, Former New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin was indicted on charges that he used his office for personal gain, accepting payoffs, free trips and gratuities from contractors while the city was struggling to recover from the devastation of Hurricane Katrina.
    (AP, 1/18/13)
2013        Jan 18, US federal prosecutors filed a fraud charge against Michigan Supreme Court Justice Diane Hathaway in a scandal involving the sale of a Detroit-area home and suspicious steps to conceal property in Florida.
    (SSFC, 1/20/13, p.A9)
2013        Jan 18, McDonald's and Finley's Management Co. agreed to pay $700,000 to members of a Muslim community to settle allegations a Detroit-area restaurant falsely advertised its food as being prepared according to Islamic dietary law.
    (AP, 1/21/13)
2013        Jan 18, Algeria's state news service reported that nearly 100 of the 132 foreign workers kidnapped by Islamic militants had been freed. A "provisional toll" showed 12 hostages have been killed since the start of the military operation to free kidnapped workers.
    (AP, 1/19/13)
2013        Jan 18, The British defence ministry said Britain and Australia will increase ties on defence issues including cyber security and equipment programs such as the BAE Systems-built Type 26 frigate.
    (AP, 1/18/13)
2013        Jan 18, In the Central African Republic a rebel commander known only as Binani, the chief bodyguard of LRA leader Joseph Kony, was killed in a firefight 280 km (175 miles) north of Djema, where Uganda-led African Union troops are being advised by US special forces.
    (AP, 1/21/13)
2013        Jan 18, In northern Colombia leftist ELN rebels kidnapped five gold prospectors doing exploratory drilling for Braeval Mining Corp., a Canadian company.
    (AP, 1/18/13)
2013        Jan 18, Egyptian police fired tear gas to disperse hundreds of Muslim protesters outside a church in Qena province. 4 shops owned by Coptic Christians were torched overnight after Marashda villagers accused one of the store owners of molesting a 6-year-old girl.
    (AP, 1/18/13)
2013        Jan 18, In western and central Iraq thousands of Sunnis rallied against the Shiite-led government's policies they see as sidelining their minority group.
    (AP, 1/18/13)
2013        Jan 18, Some 1300 Jordanian Islamists, youth activists and other opposition groups rallied in the capital, Amman, calling for a boycott of next week's parliament elections.
    (AP, 1/18/13)
2013        Jan 18, In Lebanon protesters demanding the release of Islamist prisoners in the city of Tripoli threw a grenade at the convoy of Sports and Youth Minister Faisal Karameh that set fire to one of the vehicles. 4 people were wounded.
    (AP, 1/18/13)
2013        Jan 18, A Nicaraguan judge sentenced 18 Mexicans who posed last August as members of a televison crew to 30 years in prison for drug trafficking and money laundering.
    (SFC, 1/19/13, p.A2)
2013        Jan 18, Pakistani prosecutor Kamran Faisal, investigating a corruption case against PM Raja Pervaiz Ashraf, was found dead in Islamabad. Some colleagues suspected foul play and on Jan 23 a judge ordered a judicial investigation.
    (AP, 1/18/13)(SFC, 1/24/13, p.A4)
2013        Jan 18, In Somalia unknown gunmen shot dead Shabelle radio producer Abdihared Osman Aden, the first journalist to be killed this year. 18 journalists were killed in Somalia last year.
    (AP, 1/18/13)
2013        Jan 18, A South African government official said two prisoners were killed and 65 injured when a fight broke out between two gangs at St. Albans prison Port Elizabeth.
    (AP, 1/18/13)
2013        Jan 18, Spain's central bank said the level of bad debt in the country's banks rose to a new record 11.38 percent in November, up from 11.23 percent in October. It was the 17th monthly increase in a row.
    (AP, 1/18/13)
2013        Jan 18, In Syria 2 car bombs exploded in Daraa and a rocket slammed into a building in Aleppo. Fighting between rebels and Assad's loyalists flared in the Yarmouk Palestinian refugee camp in Damascus, killing 12 people and wounding at least 20 others. Syrian fighter jets pounded villages in rebel-held areas in Latakia province, dropping makeshift bombs made from hundreds of pounds (kg) of explosives stuffed into barrels.
    (AP, 1/18/13)
2013        Jan 18, Ukrainian authorities formally notified jailed former PM Yulia Tymoshenko that she is a suspect in the murder of Yvhen Scherban, a businessman and lawmaker, his wife and two other people in 1996.
    (AP, 1/19/13)
2013        Jan 18, Zimbabwe's political leaders said they have reached agreement on a new constitution after more than two years of delays and bickering over changes to reduce the sweeping powers of President Robert Mugabe and his ruling party.
    (AP, 1/18/13)

2014        Jan 18, The film “American Hustle,” directed by David O. Russell, won the Screen Actors Guild award for outstanding cast.
    (SSFC, 1/19/14, p.A9)
2014        Jan 18, The 75,000 deadweight ton Liberian-flagged fuel tanker MT Kerala lost contact with its Greece-based owner Dynacom  off the coast of Angola. A pirate attack was suspected making it the most southerly attack to date by pirates off West Africa. On Jan 26 Angola's navy said the crew of the oil tanker had turned off communications to fake an attack.
    (Reuters, 1/22/14)(Reuters, 1/26/14)
2014        Jan 18, In Brazil an estimated 150 black and leftist militants staged a boisterous rally outside the JK Iguatemi shopping mall in Sao Paulo to protest attempts to bar underprivileged youths from shopping malls in middle-class areas.
    (AFP, 1/18/14)
2014        Jan 18, Brazilian police said that they had broken up a bank robbery scheme that had diverted 73 million reais ($31 million) from a lottery run by state-owned lender Caixa Economica Federal.
    (Reuters, 1/18/14)
2014        Jan 18, BBC presenter Komla Dumor (41), one of Ghana's best known journalists, died suddenly. Dumor, a presenter on the BBC’s World News channel and its "Focus on Africa" program, suffered a heart attack at his London home.
    (AFP, 1/19/14)
2014        Jan 18, Burkina Faso's opposition staged the country's biggest demonstration in decades to protest against an attempt by President Blaise Compaore's party to abolish constitutional term limits.
    (Reuters, 1/18/14)
2014        Jan 18, A Canadian pilot was among two people feared dead when the small plane he was flying went down in Guyana's thick Amazon jungle two minutes after takeoff.
    (AFP, 1/18/14)
2014        Jan 18, In Central African Republic fresh fighting broke out as the deadline closed for candidates to register for a vote by the transitional parliament for a new interim president.
    (AFP, 1/18/14)
2014        Jan 18, Egypt’s elections chief said voters have approved a new constitution by 98.1 percent.
    (AFP, 1/18/14)
2014        Jan 18, Police in central Greece said they had arrested seven people including five Bulgarians for attempted baby trafficking.
    (AFP, 1/18/14)
2014        Jan 18, Guinea's President Alpha Conde said he had reinstated PM Mohamed Said Fofana just three days after accepting his resignation to make way for a new administration following parliamentary elections.
    (AFP, 1/19/14)
2014        Jan 18, India and Pakistan agreed to allow round-the-clock movement of trucks and containers through their main Wagah-Attari border crossing in Punjab.
    (Reuters, 1/18/14)
2014        Jan 18, In India a pre-dawn stampede killed 18 people as tens of thousands of people gathered in Mumbai to mourn the death of Muslim spiritual leader Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin, the head of the Dawoodi Bohra Muslim community.
    (AP, 1/18/14)
2014        Jan 18, In Iraq clashes between militants and government troops as well as two bombings at marketplaces killed 6 people. At least a half-dozen car bombs killed 25 people and left more than 70 wounded.
    (AP, 1/18/14)(AFP, 1/18/14)
2014        Jan 18, Libya's General National Congress declared a state of emergency, after fresh clashes erupted in the south when gunmen group seized a military base. Libya sent troops to the restive south after gunmen stormed an air force base in Sabha. In the east two Italian construction workers were reported abducted in the Islamist stronghold of Derna.
    (Reuters, 1/18/14)(AFP, 1/18/14)
2014        Jan 18, In Morocco the Al-Quds (Jerusalem) Committee of Muslim nations ended talks and urged the international community to put pressure on Israel to stop building Jewish settlements in the occupied West Bank.
    (AFP, 1/19/14)
2014        Jan 18, Russian news said 7 suspected militants were killed today by security forces in a shootout near Makhachkala, Dagestan.
    (Reuters, 1/18/14)
2014        Jan 18, South Korea confirmed the outbreak of highly pathogenic bird flu and said it would expand the culling of birds to a radius of 3-km (1.9 mile) around a duck farm.
    (Reuters, 1/18/14)
2014        Jan 18, South Sudanese government forces said they seized the flashpoint town of Bor back from rebels. Uganda's army claimed credit for the operation.
    (Reuters, 1/18/14)
2014        Jan 18, Officials say Spanish police have arrested Juegers Veloz (37),    a Dominican fugitive wanted by US authorities for a multimillion dollar cellphone fraud in 2009-2011.
    (AP, 1/18/14)
2014        Jan 18, The National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces voted to send a delegation to an int’l. peace conference set to begin next week in Geneva.
    (SSFC, 1/19/14, p.A6)
2014        Jan 18, In Syria food aid entered the besieged Yarmuk Palestinian refugee camp for the first time in four months. The delivery of food followed reports that dozens of people in the camp in southern Damascus have died of hunger and lack of medical care.
    (AFP, 1/18/14)
2014        Jan 18, In Thailand anti-government protesters marched defiantly through Bangkok, with one group entering a police compound, undeterred by a grenade explosion the day before. The military urged both sides to settle their differences.
    (Reuters, 1/18/14)(Reuters, 1/19/14)
2014        Jan 18, In Turkey riot police in Istanbul used water canons against hundreds of people protesting a government plan to expand controls over the public’s use of the Internet.
    (SSFC, 1/19/14, p.A6)
2014        Jan 18, State media said Turkey has extended a purge of official bodies to the banking and telecoms regulators and state TV, firing dozens of executives in moves that appear to broaden PM Tayyip Erdogan's backlash against a corruption investigation.
    (Reuters, 1/18/14)
2014        Jan 18, Turkmenistan's Pres. Gurbanguli Berdymukhamedo said his government will begin installing gas meters in households, ending the unlimited supply of free gas to citizens. The nation is estimated to have the world's fourth-largest natural gas reserves, and gas, electricity and water have been supplied free to households since 1993.
    (AP, 1/18/14)
2014        Jan 18, In Yemen Ali Asghar Asadi, Iran's economic attaché in Sanaa, was killed in a drive-by shooting. A military intelligence officer was killed in a drive-by shooting by gunmen who fled on a motorbike in Huta. In Al-Milah armed men ambushed an army vehicle and shot dead 2 soldiers.
    (AP, 1/18/14)(AFP, 1/18/14)

Go to http://www.timelinesdb.com
Go to January 19