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Today in History - January 19

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570        Jan 19, Mohammed (d.632), "The Prophet", founder of Islam and speaker in the “Koran," was born into the Quraysh tribe in Makkah. He was orphaned at an early age and found work in a trade caravan. He married a wealthy widow and this gave him the freedom to visit Mount Hira each year to think. His birthday is observed on the 12th day of Rabi ul'Awwal, the 3rd month of the lunar calendar, in a festival known as Mawlid-al-Nabi. The Koran was probably not fixed for the 1st two centuries after the emergence of Islam.
    (ATC, p.59)(SFC, 7/6/98, p.A14)(WSJ, 11/15/01, p.A16)(Econ, 4/28/07, p.97)

973        Jan 19, Benedict VI was consecrated as Catholic Pope. He succeeded John XIII.
    (PTA, 1980, p.236)

1523        Jan 19, In Switzerland, Ulrich Zwingli published his 67 Articles, the first manifesto of the Zurich Reformation which attacked the authority of the Pope.
    (HN, 1/19/99)

1547        Jan 19, Henry Howard (29), earl of Surrey, army commander, poet, was beheaded.
    (MC, 1/19/02)

1576        Jan 19, Hans Sachs (81), cobbler, poet, composer, inspiration for Wagner's "Die Meistersinger",  died.
    (MC, 1/19/02)

1597        Jan 19, Maharana Pratap or Pratap Singh (b.1540), Hindu Rajput ruler of Mewar, died. This region in north-western India is in the present day state of Rajasthan (2013). He belonged to the Sisodiya clan of Rajputs. In popular Indian culture, Pratap is considered to exemplify qualities like bravery and chivalry to which Rajputs aspire, especially in context of his opposition to the Mughal emperor Akbar.

1729        Jan 19, William Congreve (58), English dramatist (Love for Love), died.
    (MC, 1/19/02)

1736        Jan 19, James Watt, Scottish inventor of the steam engine who gave his name to a unit of power, was born. [see 1705]
    (AP, 1/19/98)(HN, 1/19/99)

1746        Jan 19, Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops occupied Stirling.
    (MC, 1/19/02)

1749        Jan 19, Isaiah Thomas, US printer, editor, publisher, historian, was born.
    (MC, 1/19/02)

1764        Jan 19, Bolle Willum Luxdorph, a Danish diarist, described what is believed to be the first successful parcel bomb.
    (Econ, 11/6/10, p.74)

1783        Jan 19, William Pitt became the youngest Prime Minister of England at age 24.
    (HN, 1/19/99)

1793        Jan 19, French King Louis XVI was sentenced to death. [see Jan 21]
    (MC, 1/19/02)

1807        Jan 19, Robert E. Lee, the commander-in-chief of the Civil War Confederate  Armies, was born in Stratford, Va.
    (AP, 1/19/98)(HN, 1/19/99)

1809        Jan 19, Edgar Allan Poe (d.1949), American writer, was born in Boston. His father, David Poe, was an Irish-American actor and abandoned his family shortly after Edgar’s birth. His mother, Elizabeth Arnold Hopkins, died in 1811 and he grew up with a foster family. Poe studied briefly at the University of Virginia, but then he quarreled with his foster father and went to Boston in 1827, where he published his first volume of poetry anonymously. In the early 1840s Poe became known for his lyrical, brooding poems and detective stories, such as "The Gold Bug" and "Murders at the Rue Morgue." In fact, he is recognized as the father of the modern detective story. Poe was unafraid to criticize literary practices of the time, stressing the importance of artistic value more than moral value. After battles with alcoholism and his wife Virginia's illness and death, Poe became depressed but continued to write. He became engaged again in 1849 but soon died at the age of 40. His best known stories include: "Fall of the House of Usher " and "The Tell-Tale Heart." His most famous poems are "The Raven" and Annabel Lee."
    (CFA, '96,Vol 179,  p.38)(SFEC, 1/12/97,  p.T5) (AP, 1/19/98)(HNPD, 1/19/99)

1825        Jan 19, Ezra Daggett and nephew Thomas Kensett received a patent from Pres. Monroe for food storage in tin cans. [see 1810]

1829        Jan 19, Johann von Goethe's "Faust, Part 1," premiered.
    (MC, 1/19/02)

1833        Jan 19, Louis J. Ferdinand Herold (41), French composer (Zampa), died.
    (MC, 1/19/02)

1839        Jan 19, Paul Cézanne (d.1906), French painter, was born in Aix-en-Provence in southern France. He was considered a founding figure in 20th century art. He departed from the Impressionists in his desire to render perspective through color. His work had a profound influence on the Cubists. A catalogue of his work was made by John Rewald (1912-1994) and published posthumously as: "The Paintings of Paul Cézanne: A catalogue Raisonne." His work includes: "The Feast" (late 60s), "Portrait of Achille Emperaire" (1869-70), "Self-Portrait" (c1875), "Rocks at L’Estaque" (1879-82), "Flowerpots" (c1885), "Chestnut Trees at Jas de Bouffan" (1885-86), "The Kitchen Table" (1888-90), "Madame Cézanne in a Yellow Chair" (1893-95), "The Lac d’Annecy" (1896), "Pyramid of Skulls" (1898-1900), "Garden at Le Lauves" (c1906), "Large Bathers" (1906), "Mont Ste.-Victoire Seen from Les Lauves." He is best remembered for his works Card Players and L'Oeuvre.
    (SFC, 5/30/96, p.E1)(WSJ, 2/10/96, p.A16)(DPCP 1984)(HN, 1/19/99)

1847        Jan 19, New Mexico Governor Charles Bent was slain by Pueblo Indians in Taos.
    (HN, 1/19/99)

1853        Jan 19, Giuseppi Verdi's opera "Il Trovatore" premiered in Rome.
    (AP, 1/19/98)
1853        Jan 19, Napoleon III married Eugenie de Montijo.
    (MC, 1/19/02)   

1861        Jan 19, Georgia became the 5th state to secede from the Union.
    (AP, 1/19/98)(HN, 1/19/99)

1865        Jan 19, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (b.1809), French economist and a socialist, died. “Property is theft." He was the founder of Mutualist philosophy and was the first person to declare himself an anarchist.

1884        Jan 19, Jules Massenet's opera "Manon," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 1/19/02)

1903        Jan 19, Guglielmo Marconi broadcast the first transatlantic radio message from his station (Marconi Beach) on Cape Cod. It was beamed to King Edward of England from President Theodore Roosevelt. [see 1901]
    (Hem, Dec. 94, p.44)
1903        Jan 19, L'Auto announced the first Tour de France. It was organized by Henri Desgrange (1865-1940). The new bicycle race began with 60 cyclists competing in a 2,500 kilometer, 19-day race.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henri_Desgrange)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R34)(Econ, 6/28/14, p.73)

1904        Jan 19, James Winston Watts, surgical developer (Frontal Lobotomy), was born.
    (MC, 1/19/02)
1904        Jan 19, A team of oil drillers led by George Reynolds and funded by English millionaire William Knox D’Arcy, struck oil at Chiah Surkh, Persia, but by March the volume dwindled to an unprofitable trickle.
    (ON, 8/08, p.2)

1914        Jan 19, Lester Flatt, country musician (Flatt & Scruggs), was born.
    (MC, 1/19/02)

1915        Jan 19, The neon tube sign was patented by George Claude.
    (MC, 1/19/02)
1915        Jan 19, The first German air raids on Britain inflicted minor casualties. A Zeppelin attack over Great Britain killed 4 people.
    (HN, 1/19/99)(MC, 1/19/02)

1917        Jan 19, John Raitt, Bonnie Raitt's father, singer, actor (Pajama Game, Carousel), was born.
    (MC, 1/19/02)
1917        Jan 19, Silvertown Essex's ammunition factory exploded and 300 died.
    (MC, 1/19/02)
1917         Jan 19, The Zimmermann Note, a coded message sent to Germany’s minister in Mexico by German Foreign secretary Arthur Zimmermann, proposed an alliance between Germany and Mexico in the event war broke out between the U.S. and Germany. Intercepted by British naval intelligence, the note proposed, among other things, "We shall give generous financial support, and it is understood that Mexico is to reconquer the lost territory in New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona." The message was forwarded by the British to the U.S. State Department, which subsequently released it to the press on March 1.
    (HNQ, 7/15/98)

1918        Jan 19, The Latvian rifleman 6th Tukums regiment, sent to defend the Bolshevik headquarters in Smolny institute in St. Petersburg, took part in disbanding Russia’s Constituent Assembly.

1919        Jan 19, John H. Johnson (d.2005), editor and publisher of Ebony and Jet magazines, was born Arkansas.
    (HN, 1/19/99)(SFC, 8/8/05, p.B4)

1920        Jan 19, US Senate voted against membership in the League of Nations.
    (MC, 1/19/02)

1923        Jan 19, The French announced the invention of a new gun with a range of 56 miles.
    (HN, 1/19/99)

1927        Jan 19, British government decided to send troops to China.
    (MC, 1/19/02)

1929        Jan 19, Acadia National Park, Maine, was established.
    (MC, 1/19/02)
1929        Jan 19, Liang Qichao (b.1873), Chinese intellectual, died in Beijing. He inspired Chinese scholars with his writings and reform movements.
    (Econ, 7/28/12, p.73)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liang_Qichao)

1930        Feb 19, John Frankenheimer (d.2002), Hollywood film director, was born in NYC.
    (SSFC, 7/7/02, p.A23)

1931        Jan 19, The Wickersham Committee issued a report asking for revisions in the dry law, but no repeal.
    (HN, 1/19/99)

1935        Jan 19, The first pair of Jockey briefs showed up in a Marshall Field’s window in Chicago.
    (SSFC, 11/29/09, p.N6)

1937        Jan 19, Millionaire Howard Hughes set a transcontinental air record by flying his monoplane from Los Angeles to Newark, N.J., in seven hours, 28 minutes and 25 seconds.
    (AP, 1/19/06)
1937        Jan 19, In the Soviet Union, the People's Commissars Council was formed under Molotov.
    (HN, 1/19/99)

1938        Jan 19, GM began mass production of diesel engines.
    (MC, 1/19/02)

1939        Jan 19, Ernest Hausen of Wisconsin set a chicken-plucking record of 4.4 sec.
    (MC, 1/19/02)

1942        Jan 19, Japanese forces invaded Burma. [see Jan 16]
    (MC, 1/19/02)

1943        Jan 19, Janice Joplin (d.1970), rock singer, was born.

1944        Jan 19, Richard [Erskine Frere] Leakey, anthropologist, was born in Nairobi, Kenya.
    (MC, 1/19/02)
1944        Jan 19, The federal government relinquished control of the nation's railroads after settling a wage dispute.
    (AP, 1/19/98)

1945        Jan 19, The Red Army captured Lodz, Krakow, and Tarnow.
    (HN, 1/19/99)

1946        Jan 19, Dolly Rebecca Parton, country singer (Dolly, 9 to 5), was born in Sevierville, Ten.
    (MC, 1/19/02)
1946        Jan 19, The first complaint heard by the United Nations Security Council was made by Iran and directed against the Soviet Union. Iran alleged Soviet interference in its internal affairs and the refusal to remove Soviet troops from Iranian territory. The very first session of the UN had begun just days earlier, on January 10, 1946, in London.  The issue was resolved without UN intervention.
    (HNQ, 6/2/00)

1947        Jan 19, The French opened a drive on Hue, Indochina (Vietnam).
    (HN, 1/19/99)

1949        Jan 19, The Chiang Government moved the capital of China to Canton.
    (HN, 1/19/99)

1950        Jan 19, Communist Chinese leader Mao recognized the Republic of Vietnam.
    (HN, 1/19/99)

1951        Jan 19, In South Korea American pilots summarized their air strikes at Sansong as “excellent results." An investigative commission later found that the attack, which killed at least 51 villagers and no enemy troops, was indiscriminate and unjustified.
    (SSFC, 8/3/08, p.A16)(AP, 8/3/08)

1955        Jan 19, Sir Simon Rattle, orchestra conductor (Berlin Philharmonic), was born in England.
    (MC, 1/19/02)
1955        Jan 19, A presidential news conference was filmed for television for the first time, with permission from President Eisenhower.
    (AP, 1/19/98)
1955        Jan 19, "Scrabble" debuted in the board game market.
    (MC, 1/19/02)

1957        Jan 19, Pat Boone sang at President Eisenhower's inaugural ball.
    (MC, 1/19/02)

1960        Jan 19, The US-Japan Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security formalized a US-Japanese alliance. Left-wing protests roiled the government of Nobosuke Kishi as he pushed through the revised security treaty with America.
    (www.mofa.go.jp/region/n-america/us/q&a/ref/1.html)(Econ, 1/16/10, p.43)(Econ, 8/15/15, p.31)

1961        Jan 19, The 1st episode for "Dick Van Dyke Show" was filmed.
    (MC, 1/19/02)

1966        Jan 19, Neil Simon's, Coleman's & Fields' musical "Sweet Charity," premiered.
    (MC, 1/19/02)
1966        Jan 19, Indira Gandhi, Nehru’s daughter, was elected the 3rd prime minister of India.
    (SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)(AP, 1/19/98)(MC, 1/19/02)

1967        Jan 19, In New Zealand 19 people were killed in an explosion at the Strongman mine.
1967        Jan 19, North Korean artillery batteries fired on and sank ROKN PCE-56 off the north Korean east coast killing 39 South Korean sailors.
    (AP, 3/27/10)(www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/dmz-list.htm)

1968        Jan 19, Cambodia charged that the United States and South Vietnam had crossed the border and killed three Cambodians.
    (HN, 1/19/99)

1971        Jan 19, The revival of "No, No Nanette," first produced on March 11, 1925, opened at 46th St Theater NYC and continued for 861 performances.

1970        Jan 19, President Nixon nominated G. Harrold Carswell to the Supreme Court, but the nomination was later defeated because of controversy over Carswell's past racial views.
    (AP, 1/19/98)

1975        Jan 19, Thomas Hart Benton (b.1889), US artist, died in Kansas City, Missouri. In 2009 Henry Adams authored “Tom and Jack: The Intertwined Lives of Thomas Hart Benton and Jackson Pollock.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Hart_Benton_(painter))(Econ, 12/12/09, p.94)

1976        Jan 19, In the Iowa caucus Jimmy Carter won with 28% of the vote. The rest went to Birch Bayh (13%), Fred R. Harris (10%), Morris Udall (6%) and “Uncommitted" (37%).

1977        Jan 19, In one of his last acts of office, President Ford pardoned Iva Toguri D'Aquino, a Japanese-American who had been suspected of being wartime radio propagandist "Tokyo Rose"  [see Sep 25, 1948].
    (AP, 1/19/00)(AH, 10/02, p.28)

1979        Jan 19, Former Attorney General John N. Mitchell was released on parole after serving 19 months at a federal prison in Alabama.
    (AP, 1/19/98)

1980        Jan 19, William O. Douglas (b.1898), member US Supreme court (1939-75), died. In 2003 Bruce Allen Murphy authored ""Wild Bill: The legend and Life of William O. Douglas."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_O._Douglas)(SSFC, 3/16/03, p.M6)
1980        Jan 19, Richard Franko Goldman (b.1910), American composer, died. He was the son of band leader Edwin Franko Goldman.

1981        Jan 19, The United States and Iran signed an agreement paving the way for the release of 52 Americans held hostage for more than 14 months. Iran signed after accepting a US offer for the return of $7.9 billion in frozen assets.
    (AP, 1/19/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran-United_States_Claims_Tribunal)

1982        Jan 19, Thomas Kean (b.1935) began serving as the 48th governor of New Jersey. In 2002 President George W. Bush appointed him as Chairman of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, widely known as the 9/11 Commission, which was responsible for investigating the causes of the September 11, 2001 attacks and providing recommendations to prevent future terrorist attacks.

1983        Jan 19, The New Catholic code expanded women's rights in the Church.
    (HN, 1/19/99)
1983        Jan 19, Apple’s Lisa computer went on sale for $1400. It was pulled from the market after 2 years.
    (SFC, 8/25/11, p.A10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple_Lisa)

1984        Jan 19, In SF seven Municipal Railway workers were arrested by police who saw them skimming money from locked fare boxes at the Kirkland yard near Fisherman’s Wharf. Estimates of losses for the year ran from $500,000 to $2 million.
    (SSFC, 1/18/09, DB p.50)

1985        Jan 19, "Born In The USA," released by Bruce Springsteen in 1984, peaked at #9.

1988        Jan 19, State Farm Insurance Co. in California announced that it will pay $1.3 million to settle a sex discrimination lawsuit brought by three former employees.
    (AP, 1/19/98)
1988        Jan 19, In downtown San Francisco a runaway commuter bus plowed through a crowd at Mission and Fremont killing at least 3 people and injuring 15.
    (SSFC, 1/20/13, DB p.46)

1989        Jan 19, Pres Reagan pardoned George Steinbrenner for illegal funds for Nixon.
1989        Jan 19, The US Senate Foreign Relations Committee voted unanimously to recommend that the full Senate approve the nomination of James A. Baker to be secretary of state.
    (AP, 1/19/99)
1989        Jan 19, Israel’s Minister of Defense Rabin proposed that Palestinians end the intifadah in exchange for an opportunity to elect local leaders who would negotiate with the Israeli government.

1990        Jan 19, Arthur J. Goldberg, former Supreme Court justice, labor secretary and U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, was found dead in his Washington apartment at age 81.
    (AP, 1/19/00)
1990        Jan 19, Elias Zayek, leader of the Christian Phalange party of Lebanon was shot and killed in Byblos. Samir Geagea, leader of the of the Lebanese Forces militia, was later accused and convicted (5/20/96) of the murder.
    (SFC, 5/21/96, p.A-11)
1990        Jan 19, Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh (b.1931), Indian guru (Osho), died in Pune, India. From 1981 to 1985 he resided in the US. His followers were involved in a bio-terrorist attack in Oregon in 1984.
    (SFC, 12/13/02, p.K6)(SFC, 6/15/05, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajneesh)

1991        Jan 19, During the Gulf War, Israel’s anti-missile force was boosted by additional Patriot missile batteries and US crews. A second Iraqi missile attack caused 29 injuries in Tel Aviv. Allied forces began bombarding Iraq’s elite Republican Guard.
    (AP, 1/19/01)
1991        Jan 19-23, Czechoslovakian soldiers in Northern Saudi Arabia detected sarin, a lethal chemical agent. This was about the same time that Desert Storm air attacks occurred on Muhammadiyat, west of Baghdad, that blew up an estimated 2.9 metric tons of sarin.
    (SFC, 8/7/96, p.A4)

1992        Jan 19, "City of Angels" closed at Virginia Theater in NYC after 878 performances.
1992        Jan 19, Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton drew fire from fellow Democratic presidential candidates during a debate in Manchester, N.H.
    (AP, 1/19/02)
1992        Jan 19, German government and Jewish officials dedicated a Holocaust memorial at the villa where the notorious Wannsee Conference had taken place.
    (AP, 1/19/02)

1993        Jan 19, US Attorney General-designate Zoe Baird apologized to the Senate Judiciary Committee for hiring illegal aliens as domestic help.
    (AP, 1/19/98)
1993        Jan 19, The first American combat troops flew home from their humanitarian mission in Somalia.
    (AP, 1/19/98)
1993        Jan 19, IBM announced a $4.97 billion loss for 1992, which was at that time the largest single-year corporate loss in United States history.
1993        Jan 19, Israel recognized the PLO as no longer criminal.

1994        Jan 19, President Clinton visited quake-stricken Los Angeles, where he pledged fast and aggressive federal help.
    (AP, 1/19/99)
1994        Jan 19, Figure skater Tonya Harding's ex-husband, Jeff Gillooly, surrendered to authorities in Portland, Ore., after being charged with conspiring to attack skater Nancy Kerrigan.
    (AP, 1/19/99)

1995        Jan 19, Russian troops regained control of the presidential palace in Grozny, the capital of the breakaway republic of Chechnya.
    (AP, 1/19/00)

1996        Jan 19, The Bosnian peace agreement suffered its first setback as a planned nationwide prisoner release fell far short of its goal.
    (AP, 1/19/01)
1996        Jan 19, A ferry sank in a storm off Sumatra, Indonesia, killing about 340 people.
    (AP, 2/3/06)

1997        Jan 19, "The English Patient" won best picture and "Evita" won in the category of best movie musical or comedy at the Golden Globes.
    (AP, 1/19/98)
1997        Jan 19, A consortium led by Motorola (Iridium) planned to launch a rocket with the first 3 satellites for a global mobile-telephone network based on 66 satellites. It had already been twice delayed.
    (WSJ, 1/13/97, p.B6)
1997        Jan 19, Balloonist Steve Foster ended his attempt to circle the globe and landed in India as he ran out of gas in his Solo Spirit balloon. He had covered 9,000 miles and floated for 6 days, 2 hours and 54 minutes.
    (SFC, 1/20/97, p.A12)
1997        Jan 19, James Dickey (84), poet and novelist, died. In 1998 his son published "Summer of Deliverance," an account of his relations with his father.
    (WSJ, 8/19/98, p.A16)(MC, 1/19/02)
1997        Jan 19, In Albania, riot police beat demonstrators demanding restitution for money lost in pyramid schemes.
    (AP, 1/19/98)
1997        Jan 19, In Algeria a car bomb killed 21 and wounded dozens in Algiers just hours after attackers massacred 36 villagers south of the capital.
    (SFC, 1/20/97, p.A12)
1997        Jan 19, In Austria Chancellor Franz Vranitzky announced his resignation after 10 years in office.
    (SFC, 1/20/97, p.A13)
1997        Jan 19, In Bulgaria Pres. Peter Stoyanov was sworn into office and he immediately called for new parliamentary elections.
    (SFC, 1/20/97, p.A13)
1997        Jan 19, Yasser Arafat returned to Hebron for the first time in more than 30 years, joining 60,000 Palestinians in celebrating the handover of the last West Bank city in Israeli control.
    (AP, 1/19/98)

1998        Jan 19, This was the Martin Luther King Jr. federal holiday. During a ceremony in Atlanta commemorating the Martin Luther King Jr. holiday, Vice President Gore announced that the Clinton administration would propose increasing spending on civil rights by $86 million.
    (AP, 1/19/98)(AP, 1/19/99)
1998        Jan 19, The US and China signed an accord designed to avoid naval and air conflicts at sea.
    (SFC, 1/19/98, p.B2)
1998        Jan 19, The FDA decided that is has the authority to regulate human cloning, and that it would be a violation of federal law to try the procedure without its approval.
    (SFC, 1/20/98, p.A3)
1998        Jan 19, Carl Perkins, rockabilly king, died at age 65 in Jackson, Tenn. He wrote and recorded the  hit "Blue Suede Shoes" in 1955 and it hit the top of the charts in 1956. He also wrote "Daddy Sang Bass" recorded by Johnny Cash.
    (SFC, 1/20/98, p.A1,8)(AP, 1/19/99)
1998          Jan 19, European diplomats arrived in Algeria to discuss was to end the violence after another 16 people were killed in an eastern province.
    (SFC, 1/20/98, p.D2)(WSJ, 1/20/98, p.A1)
1998        Jan 19, In Northern Ireland Jim Guiney (38), a Protestant shopkeeper, was shot and killed in his Belfast carpet store. Later a 52-year-old Catholic taxi driver was shot and killed in Belfast in apparent retaliation for Guiney.
    (SFC, 1/20/98, p.D1)
1998        Jan 19, Peru and Ecuador signed an accord pledging to settle their longtime 49-mile border conflict by May.
    (WSJ, 1/20/98, p.A1)
1998        Jan 19, In Rwanda Hutu rebels killed 35 brewery workers and wounded 25 near Gisenyi.
    (WSJ, 1/20/98, p.A1)
1998        Jan 19, In Harare, Zimbabwe, people rioted over soaring food prices. The price of corn meal, the staple food, rose 21%, the 3rd increase in 4 months.
    (SFC, 1/20/98, p.D2)

1999        Jan 19, Pres. Clinton gave his State of the Union address and proposed a number of new policies that included infusions of cash to bolster Social Security and Medicare. He also said that the Justice Dept. will sue cigarette makers for smoking-related health care costs and wanted to tie federal education funds to improvements in local schools. Hours earlier, at the president's impeachment trial in the Senate, White House Counsel Charles Ruff opened the defense with ringing statements of Clinton's innocence.
    (SFC, 1/20/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/20/99, p.A1)(SFC, 1/21/99, p.A1)(AP, 1/19/00)
1999        Jan 19, In Brazil the Senate voted to double the tax on all financial transactions. The measure, expected to yield $9.6 billion a year, then went to the Chamber of Deputies.
    (SFC, 1/20/99, p.A8)
1999        Jan 19, In Burundi rebels based in Tanzania killed 59 civilians in Makamba. In Muresi Hill 76 civilians were killed.
    (SFC, 1/29/99, p.E9)
1999        Jan 19, In Colombia rebels suspended peace talks and accused the government of backing recent massacres by right-wing death squads.
    (SFC, 1/20/99, p.A10)
1999        Jan 19, In France 8 men were sentenced to prison for providing arms and logistics to the banned Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) in Algeria.
    (SFC, 1/20/99, p.A10)
1999        Jan 19, Indian and Pakistani troops clashed in Kashmir and 4 Pakistani soldiers were killed.
    (WSJ, 1/20/99, p.A1)
1999        Jan 19, In Jordan King Hussein returned home following cancer treatment at the Mayo Clinic.
    (SFC, 1/20/99, p.A10)
1999        Jan 19, From Kenya it was reported that Pres. Daniel arap Moi ordered the prohibition of new political parties.
    (SFC, 1/19/99, p.A6)
1999        Jan 19, In Romania ten thousand coal miners clashed with police on the 15th day of a strike to protest low wages and possible layoffs.
    (USAT, 1/20/99, p.8A)(SFC, 1/20/99, p.A10)
1999        Jan 19, In Serbia Gen'l. Wesley Clark and Gen'l. Klaus Naumann met with Pres. Milosevic and threatened him with NATO airstrikes due to the massacre of ethnic Albanians in Kosovo.
    (SFEC, 4/18/99, p.A3)
1999        Jan 19, From the Ukraine it was reported that the number of HIV cases had risen to between 38,000 and 110,000. In 1994 44 people tested positive.
    (SFC, 1/19/99, p.A6)

2000        Jan 19, Michael Skakel, a nephew of Robert F. Kennedy, was charged with bludgeoning to death 15-year-old Martha Moxley in Greenwich, Connecticut, in 1975, when he was also 15. Skakel was later convicted, and in 2005 was appealing.
    (AP, 1/19/01)
2000        Jan 19, Transmeta Corp. leaders unveiled a pair of new microprocessors named Crusoe designed for hand-held Internet-access devices.
    (SFC, 1/20/00, p.B2)
2000        Jan 19, Scientists noted a "giant horseshoe pattern" of warm air over the western Pacific Ocean called the "Pacific Decadal Oscillation." It was expected to effect weather for the next 20 years.
    (SFC, 1/20/00, p.A1)
2000        Jan 19, In New Jersey 3 students were killed in a fire at a dormitory at Seton Hall Univ. 62 students were injured. In 2006 two former roommates pleaded guilty to arson admitting that a prank had got out of hand.
    (SFC, 1/20/00, p.A3)(SFC, 11/16/06, p.A15)
2000        Jan 19, Dr. G. Ledyard Stebbins Jr. (b.1906), considered to be the founder of evolutionary botany, died in Davis, Ca. His books included “Variation and Evolution in Plants" (1950), “Flowering Plants: Evolution Above the Species Level" (1974), and “Chromosomal Evolution in Higher Plants" (1971). In 2007 his autobiography was published under the title “The Ladyslipper and I, Autobiography of G. Ledyard Stebbins."
    (Fremontia, Fall, 2008, p.24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G._Ledyard_Stebbins)
2000        Jan 19, Bettino Craxi (65), former 2-term Italian premier, died in Tunisia. He had fled Italy in 1994 to escape a corruption jail sentence.
    (WSJ, 1/20/00, p.A1)(Econ, 1/9/10, p.53)
2000        Jan 19, Actress Hedy Lamarr (b.1913) died in Orlando, Fla. Her career began with the 1933 Czechoslovakian film "Ecstasy." In 2011 Richard Rhodes authored “Hedy’s Folly: The Life and Breakthrough Inventions of Hedy Lamarr, The Most Beautiful Woman in the World."
    (SFC, 1/20/00, p.A10,E1)(SSFC, 12/18/11, p.F3)
2000        Jan 19, In Austria the union-backed Social Democrats and the pro-business Austrian People's Party formed a coalition (the Reds and Blacks) to keep the right-wing Freedom Party of Joerg Haider out of the government.
    (SFC, 1/21/00, p.D2)

2001        Jan 19, Pres. Clinton admitted that he misled prosecutors about his relationship with Monica Lewinsky and struck a deal with independent counsel Robert Ray to accept a 5-year suspension of his Arkansas law license and pay a $25,000 fine.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A1)(AP, 1/19/02)
2001        Jan 19, Pres. Clinton lifted economic sanctions against Yugoslavia.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A11)
2001        Jan 19, The US and Israel signed an agreement to phase out economic aid by 2008. half the aid would be replaced by military aid. Separately $80 million was pledged to a UN relief agency for Palestinian refugees.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A11)
2001        Jan 19, Former NFL player Rae Carruth was acquitted of first-degree murder but convicted of conspiracy and two other charges in the fatal shooting of his pregnant girlfriend. Carruth was later sentenced to a minimum of 18 years, 11 months in prison and a maximum of 24 years, four months.
    (AP, 1/19/02)
2001        Jan 19, In Afghanistan UN sanctions began following a 30-day deadline for the handover of Osama bin Laden. The sanctions coincided with the worst drought in 30 years.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A13)
2001        Jan 19, In Algeria gunmen killed 11 family members in Medea.
    (SSFC, 1/21/01, p.D4)
2001        Jan 19, The Belgian government agreed to decriminalize the use of marijuana.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A11)
2001        Jan 19, In Congo fighting between Hema and Lendu tribes people left about 118 Hema dead along with 159 Lendu.
    (SFC, 1/29/01, p.A12,14)
2001        Jan 19, Off Ecuador’s Galapagos Islands, the tanker Jessica, aground on San Cristobal island, cracked its cargo hold and began leaking fuel. Some 150,000 gallons of diesel and bunker fuel were released. It was later learned that the oil caused the deaths of thousands of marine iguanas.
    (SFC, 1/22/01, p.A10)(SFC, 6/6/02, p.A2)
2001        Jan 19, Thousands of people fled the Ivory Coast for Burkino Faso to escape attacks on foreigners. As many as 10,000 were arriving each week and others were fleeing to Mali, Ghana and Niger.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A14)
2001        Jan 19, In Liberia Pres. Charles Taylor said that he has ended support of the RUF in Sierra Leone and would submit to int’l. scrutiny of his finances.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A14)
2001        Jan 19, In Mexico Joaquin Guzman Loera, aka "El Chapo," escaped from the maximum-security prison in Jalisco state. Leonardo Beltran, the prison director, and 30 officers were detained for possible involvement in the cocaine trafficker’s escape. 78 people were later implicated.
    (SSFC, 1/21/01, p.D4)(SFC, 2/21/01, p.A11)
2001        Jan 19, In Nigeria Bariya Magazu (19) was flogged 100 times for having premarital sex under Islamic law (sharia).
    (SFC, 1/23/01, p.A11)

2002        Jan 19, It was reported that China had imposed new Internet controls and required service providers to screen all e-mail messages for political content.
    (SFC, 1/19/02, p.A4)
2002        Jan 19, Israel troops set off a powerful explosion that gutted the official Palestinian broadcasting building in Ramallah, dealing another retaliatory blow to Yasser Arafat and the Palestinian Authority.
    (SFC, 1/19/02, p.A1)(AP, 1/19/03)
2002        Jan 19, Mexican federal officials froze the bank accounts 9 current and former executive of Petroleos Mexicano in a $120 million corruption scheme tied to the PRI.
    (SFC, 1/22/02, p.A8)
2002        Jan 19, Spain arrested 2 suspected members of al Qaeda.
    (SSFC, 1/20/02, p.A4)

2003        Jan 19, In the 60th Golden Globes "The Hours" won as best drama and "Chicago" won as best musical or comedy. Jack Nicholson won for his role in "About Schmidt" and Nicole Kidman won for her role in The Hours. Martin Scorsese won as best director for "Gangs of New York."
    (SFC, 1/20/03, p.A2)
2003        Jan 19, The Oakland Raiders won the AFC title game, beating the Tennessee Titans 41-24. The Tampa Bay Buccaneers took the NFC Championship game, defeating the Philadelphia Eagles 27-10.
    (AP, 1/19/04)
2003        Jan 19, Colombian AUC gunmen kidnapped three Americans (Robert Y. Pelton, Mark Wedeven and Megan A. Smaker) just north of the Colombian border in Panama. The writer and 2 hikers were released Jan 23.
    (AP, 1/22/03)(SFC, 1/24/03, p.A14)
2003        Jan 19,  Hans Blix and Mohamed El Baradei, the chief UN arms inspectors, sat down for urgent talks with Iraqi officials.
    (AP, 1/19/03)
2003        Jan 19, In Cuba more than 97 percent of voters showed overwhelming support for the nation's socialist system by electing 609 candidates who ran uncontested for parliament.
    (AP, 1/20/03)
2003        Jan 19, Francoise Giroud (86), France's 1st minister of women's affairs died. She co-founded one of France's top news magazines and became a powerful force in French post-war journalism at a time when few women were in the business. She published an autobiography in 1997.
    (AP, 1/19/03)(SFC, 1/21/03, p.A18)
2003        Jan 19, In western Mozambique it was reported that 9 people had died of hunger in a village and some 175,000 people in the area are at risk of starvation.
    (AP, 1/19/03)
2003        Jan 19, Sierra Leone declared ex-junta leader Johnny Paul Koroma a wanted man linking him to an alleged plot to destabilize the country.
    (AP, 1/19/03)
2003        Jan 19, Syria and Iran support Turkey's proposal for a regional summit to seek a peaceful way out of the Iraq standoff. Turkey has offered to hold the summit where Egypt, Iran, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Syria would discuss the standoff over Iraq.
    (AP, 1/19/03)

2004        Jan 19, In the Iowa caucus John Kerry led the Democrats with 38%, John Edwards was 2nd with 32%, Howard Dean was 3rd with 18% and Dick Gephardt 4th with 11%. Entrance polls showed that economic issues held top priority.
    (SFC, 1/20/04, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/21/04, p.A1)
2004        Jan 19, Connecticut Gov. Rowland said he's looking forward to a legislative investigation on charges that he accepted free gifts and work on a vacation cottage.
    (USAT, 1/20/04, p.12A)(Econ, 1/17/04, p.25)
2004        Jan 19, In Algeria an explosion at a liquefied natural gas (LNG) complex in the port city of Skikda killed 23 and left 74 people injured.
    (AP, 1/20/04)(WSJ, 5/14/04, p.A1)
2004        Jan 19, The freighter MS Rocknes capsized in a narrow inlet between the island of Bjoroey and Norway's western coast, less than 200 yards from land after it put out a distress call. The 30 crew members included 24 Filipinos, three Dutch, two Norwegians and one German. 12 crew members were rescued. The death toll was put at 18.
    (AP, 1/20/04)(WSJ, 1/21/04, p.A1)
2004        Jan 19, Tens of thousands of Shiite Muslims marched peacefully in Baghdad to demand an elected government.
    (AP, 1/19/04)

2005        Jan 19, Previewing his second inauguration, President Bush pledged to seek unity in a nation divided by political differences, saying, "I am eager and ready for the work ahead."
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2005        Jan 19, Condoleezza Rice won strong but not unanimous endorsement as secretary of state from a Senate panel.
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2005        Jan 19, It was reported that the FBI had shelved its surveillance technology, once know as Carnivore and later renamed DCS-1000, and switched to unspecified commercial software to eavesdrop on computer traffic.
    (SFC, 1/19/05, p.A3)
2005        Jan 19, Norma McCorvey, the “Roe" of Roe vs. Wade, asked the Supreme Court to overturn the abortion ruling. Lower courts already blocked her twice.
    (WSJ, 1/20/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 19, The US Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that the consumer price index rose 3.3% in 2004, the largest gain since 2000.
    (WSJ, 1/20/05, p.A2)
2005        Jan 19, The American Cancer Society reported that cancer had passed heart disease as the top killer of Americans age 85 and younger.
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2005        Jan 19, Donald Beardslee (61) became the 11th prisoner to be executed in California since the death penalty was reinstated in 1997.
    (AP, 12/13/05)
2005        Jan 19, Walter Wriston (85), longtime head of Citicorp and an advisor to Pres. Reagan, died in NY.
    (WSJ, 1/21/05, p.A1)(Econ, 1/29/05, p.83)
2005        Jan 19, Brazil raised its reference lending rate for a 5th consecutive month by a half point to 18.25% in an effort to curb inflation.
    (WSJ, 1/20/05, p.A12)
2005        Jan 19, PM Tony Blair said the military would not tolerate any abuse of Iraqi prisoners as new graphic photos depicting alleged mistreatment of detainees blared across the front pages of British newspapers.
    (AP, 1/19/05)
2005        Jan 19, In Canada 2 houses in Vancouver, BC, were completely destroyed and at least three people were missing after a mudslide caused by heavy rains swept down a hillside.
    (CP, 1/19/05)
2005        Jan 19, The Chinese government ordered a halt to construction at 30 big construction projects, including two at the massive Three Gorges Dam, due to alleged violations of environmental protection regulations and other concerns.
    (AP, 1/19/05)
2005        Jan 19, Strikes over job cuts and pay disrupted French rail service and hospitals.
    (AP, 1/19/05)
2005        Jan 19, The US State Department issued a warning asking Americans to defer travel to Guyana because of flooding that has killed at least two people there over the past week.
    (AP, 1/19/05)
2005        Jan 19, Indonesia's Health Ministry raised the country's death toll from the Dec. 26 tsunami to 166,320, pushing the total number of people killed in the disaster around the region above 225,000.
    (Reuters, 1/19/05)(SFC, 1/20/05, p.A4)
2005        Jan 19, A wave of car bombings shook the Iraqi capital, killing 26 people. Other attacks were reported north and south of the capital. The al-Qaida in Iraq terror group claimed that it carried out a truck bombing at the Australian Embassy in Baghdad that killed two people. A militant group posted a video on the Web showing gunmen killing execution-style two Iraqis said to have set up an Internet system in northern Iraq. American soldiers on patrol in Mosul killed three insurgents who fired on them from a car. A British security worker and an Iraqi colleague were killed in an ambush near the Beiji power station complex. Joao Jose Vasconcellos (50), a Brazilian engineer, was kidnapped in Baghdad. His remains were returned to Brazil in 2007.
    (AP, 1/19/05)(SFC, 1/20/05, p.A10)(AP, 1/20/05)(AP, 6/14/07)
2005        Jan 19, In Nigeria a fuel tanker crashed into two buses and burst into flames on a road in Lagos, killing at least 30 people.
    (AP, 1/20/05)
2005        Jan 19, The Polish government signed a deal with US defense contractor Lockheed Martin Corp. paving the way for the transfer of technology and investment to a Polish weapons producer.
    (AP, 1/19/05)
2005        Jan 19, Russia’s finance minister, Alexei Kudrin, said the government plans to compensate pensioners for lost benefits using windfall from oil receipts.
    (WSJ, 1/20/05, p.A12)

2006        Jan 19, The Bush administration issued a 42-page Justice Dept. white paper to support the president’s domestic spying program. Vice President Cheney defended the administration's domestic surveillance program, calling it an essential tool in monitoring al-Qaida and other terrorist organizations.
    (SFC, 1/20/06, p.A10)(AP, 1/19/07)
2006        Jan 19, NASA launched its New Horizons spacecraft on a mission to Pluto following a 2-day delay. Scientists won't be able to receive data on Pluto until at least July 2015, the earliest date the mission is expected to arrive. The spacecraft carried ashes of Clyde Tombaugh (1906-1997), the man who discovered Pluto.
    (SFC, 1/20/06, p.A5)(SFC, 7/13/15, p.A7)
2006        Jan 19, Global News Blog, a weblog of Global Geopolitics Net, began breaking news and analysis on global security and intelligence issues. The site is sponsored by the Eurasia Research Center. Alan Fogelquist, the site editor, is a historian and geopolitical analyst.
2006        Jan 19, In West Virginia 19 miners escaped after a conveyor belt caught fire inside Aracoma Coal's Alma No. 1 mine. The bodies of 2 others, who failed to escape, were recovered Jan 21 and Gov. Joe Manchin said he planned to introduce legislation dealing with rapid responses in emergencies. In September 2 miners with safety responsibilities at the mine committed suicide.
    (AP, 1/22/06)(WSJ, 9/27/06, p.A1)
2006        Jan 19, Wilson Pickett (b.1941), soul music pioneer, died in Reston, Va. His hits included “Mustang Sally" (1966) and “In the Midnight Hour" (1965).
    (SFC, 1/20/06, p.A1)
2006        Jan 19, Al-Jazeera broadcast portions of an audiotape purportedly from Osama bin Laden, saying al-Qaida is making preparations for attacks in the United States but offering a possible truce to rebuild Iraq and Afghanistan.
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2006        Jan 19, Dragan Vasiljkovic, a Serbian-Australian man accused of ordering the torture of Croats during the bloody breakup of the former Yugoslavia, was arrested in Sydney. Authorities said Vasiljkovic trained and commanded a unit of the Croatian Serb special forces known as the "Kninjas." At the time, the rebels were engaged in a major campaign of ethnic cleansing, forcing tens of thousands of local Croats to flee their homes.
    (Reuters, 1/20/06)
2006        Jan 19, In Bolivia a flatbed truck drove off the side of the mountainous road near Tarija, killing at least 38 people.
    (AP, 1/20/06)
2006        Jan 19, Pres. Chirac said France would be ready to use nuclear weapons against any state that carried out a terrorist attack against it, reaffirming the need for its nuclear deterrent.
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2006        Jan 19, In Germany environmentalists positioned a 55-foot dead whale in front of the Japanese Embassy in Berlin to protest against Japanese whale-hunting.
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2006        Jan 19, President Omar Bongo (69) of Gabon, was sworn in for another 7-year term. Bongo has been president since Dec. 2, 1967, taking over upon the death of Leon M'Ba, the country's only other head of state since independence from France in 1960. Gabon produces about 290,000 barrels of oil a day and boasts sub-Saharan Africa's third largest reserves, around 2.5 billion barrels. Half the country still lives below the poverty line.
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2006        Jan 19, In northeastern Hungary a Slovak military plane crashed as it ferried troops back from Kosovo, killing at least 42 people. Only one person survived the crash of the AN-24 aircraft.
    (AP, 1/20/06)
2006        Jan 19, India said that it had agreed to pay the Czech Republic 20 million dollars to resolve a trade dispute dating back to the Cold War. The move was announced at the end of a three-day visit by Czech President Jiri Paroubek.
    (AFP, 1/19/06)
2006        Jan 19, In India Jet Airways confirmed that it has agreed to buy Sahara Airlines for $500 million in cash. In 2005 Jet overtook the government owned Indian Airlines as India’s largest domestic carrier.
    (Econ, 1/21/06, p.60)
2006        Jan 19, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad began a visit to Syria to consolidate an old alliance made increasingly crucial as both countries face mounting US pressure and the threat of international sanctions.
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2006        Jan 19, In Iraq 2 near-simultaneous bombings targeted a crowded downtown Baghdad coffee shop and nearby restaurant, killing at least 23 people and wounding 26.
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2006        Jan 19, Italy’s defense minister said Italy will withdraw all its troops from Iraq by the end of this year, in the first official timetable for Rome to end its mission.
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2006        Jan 19, Violent street protests erupted in Ivory Coast for a fourth day as hundreds of government supporters ignored the president's call to stay home, angry about a deadly firefight involving UN peacekeepers.
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2006        Jan 19, Nepal's royalist government detained nearly 80 activists and cut off mobile phone services to foil organizers of an anti-government rally.
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2006        Jan 19, Nigerian kidnappers said their US hostage was gravely ill and threatened to kill three other foreign oil workers held captive if he died.
    (AP, 1/20/06)
2006        Jan 19, Pakistani security officials said Midhat Mursi al-Sayid Umar, an al-Qaida explosives and chemical weapons expert and a relative of the terror network's No. 2 leader, were among four top operatives believed killed in a US missile strike last week, as authorities arrested five more militant suspects.
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2006        Jan 19, A Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up at a Tel Aviv fast-food stand, killing himself and wounding 15 people.
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2006        Jan 19, A Philippine congressional committee approved a resolution calling on the government to abrogate an accord allowing large-scale American military exercises in the country after US officials refused to hand over four US Marines accused of rape.
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2006        Jan 19, Another seven people died overnight in Moscow and concerns over energy supplies in Russia and Europe grew as record bone-chilling cold forced cutbacks.
    (AFP, 1/19/06)
2006        Jan 19, Suspected Tamil Tiger rebels exploded anti-personnel mines twice in eastern Sri Lanka, killing four people and injuring 25 others.
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2006        Jan 19, A Swedish man who confessed to killing two women and drinking their blood was charged with double murder. The 29-year-old man was arrested in October on suspicion of stabbing the women to death in two separate attacks.
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2006        Jan 19, Syria asserted that Iran had a right to atomic technology and said Western objections to Tehran's nuclear ambitions were not persuasive.
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2006        Jan 19, Taiwan's president appointed Su Tseng-chang, a popular politician and former party chief, as the island's next premier in a move aimed at regaining support for the ruling party ahead of the 2008 presidential election.
    (AP, 1/19/06)
2006        Jan 19, Venezuelan officials said that they have approved a new anti-drug agreement with the US, months after suspended cooperation amid allegations of US spying.
    (AP, 1/19/06)

2007        Jan 19, US deputy ambassador Mark Wallace charged that the UNDP operated "in blatant violation of UN rules" for years in North Korea. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon responded quickly to the accusations, calling on all UN funds and programs to conduct an urgent outside investigation into their operations.
    (AP, 1/20/07)
2007        Jan 19, Former Ohio Rep. Bob Ney was sentenced to 2½  years in federal prison for trading political favors for gifts and campaign donations from lobbyist Jack Abramoff.
    (AP, 1/19/07)
2007        Jan 19, North Carolina’s Gov. Mike Easley said Google will invest up to $600 million to build a data center in his state.
    (SFC, 1/20/07, p.C1)
2007        Jan 19, CNL Hotel & Resorts agreed to sell a collection of 8 resorts, including the Claremont Resort & Spa in Berkeley, Ca., to Morgan Stanley Real Estate for $6.6 billion.
    (SFC, 1/23/07, p.D4)
2007        Jan 19, The so-called "Storm Worm" swept into US email systems, cutting a wider swath of American email systems than within Europe.
2007        Jan 19, Denny Doherty (66), one-quarter of the 1960s folk-rock group the Mamas and the Papas, died at his home in Ontario, Canada. The group was known for their soaring harmony on hits like "California Dreamin’" (1966) and "Monday, Monday."
    (AP, 1/19/07)
2007        Jan 19, Belgian lawyers confirmed that a group of Belgian newspapers had asked Yahoo! Inc. to remove links to their archived stories from its Web search service, claiming they infringe copyright laws.
    (AP, 1/19/07)
2007        Jan 19, British foreign secretary Margaret Beckett admitted that her government was aware of a secret CIA prison network before Pres. Bush acknowledged its existence in September.
    (AP, 1/20/07)
2007        Jan 19, Europeans labored to restore services across the continent after hurricane-force winds toppled trees, brought down power lines and damaged buildings, killing at least 47 people and disrupting travel for tens of thousands.
    (AP, 1/19/07)(SFC, 1/20/07, p.A3)
2007        Jan 19, An Egyptian woman died from bird flu after six days in hospital.
    (Reuters, 1/19/07)
2007        Jan 19, The EU said it has donated an additional 3.95 million euros ($5 million) to support the implementation of the Nigeria-Cameroon boundary demarcation project.
    (AP, 1/20/07)
2007        Jan 19, In Guinea 2 people were killed when police and troops opened fire on thousands of demonstrators, raising the death toll to five since a general strike was launched in the west African nation this month.
    (AFP, 1/19/07)
2007        Jan 19, Iraqi and US forces arrested one of Muqtada al-Sadr's top aides in Baghdad as pressure increased on the radical Shiite cleric's militia ahead of a planned security crackdown in the capital. Al-Sadr said in an interview with an Italian newspaper that the crackdown had already begun and that 400 of his men had been arrested. A US Marine died from wounds due to enemy action in the Sunni insurgent stronghold of Anbar province. Another was killed by a roadside bomb while conducting combat operations in Ninevah province.
    (AP, 1/19/07)(AP, 1/20/07)
2007        Jan 19, Israel said it had paid $100 million in frozen tax funds to the Palestinians and rescinded a contentious decision for a new West Bank settlement, strengthening the hand of moderate President Mahmoud Abbas ahead of crucial weekend talks in Damascus with his Hamas rivals.
    (AP, 1/19/07)
2007        Jan 19, Jordan's King Abdullah II told an Israeli newspaper that his country wants its own nuclear program for peaceful purposes.
    (AP, 1/19/07)
2007        Jan 19, Mexico extradited four major drug traffickers to the US, including Osiel Cardenas, head of the so-called Gulf Cartel. President Felipe Calderon announced that 7,600 soldiers have massed in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero to go after drug gangs that have committed beheadings and other violence in the resort city of Acapulco in recent months.
    (AP, 1/19/07)(AP, 1/20/07)(Econ, 1/27/07, p.p33)
2007        Jan 19, Five Moroccans sent home from the Guantanamo US military camp in 2004 were acquitted of terrorism charges leveled at them on their return.
    (Reuters, 1/19/07)
2007        Jan 19, Mozambique officials said 4 people have died, hundreds of homes destroyed and more than 6,000 affected by torrential rains over the last two days.
    (AP, 1/19/07)
2007        Jan 19, North Korea said it reached an agreement with the US during talks this week on its nuclear program, and the top US nuclear envoy expressed optimism that progress could be made when wider arms negotiations reconvene.
    (AP, 1/19/07)
2007        Jan 19, Pakistan's president discussed the "deteriorating situation" in the Middle East with his Iranian counterpart ahead of his tour of the region.
    (AP, 1/20/07)
2007        Jan 19, A Polish court convicted two doctors and two ambulance workers of participating in a scheme in which 14 patients were allowed to die, or in some cases killed with muscle relaxants, in return for kickbacks from funeral homes. All received prison sentences, ranging from five years to life.
    (AP, 1/19/07)
2007        Jan 19, Rwanda's government said it has approved plans to scrap the death penalty, in a step which could remove a major obstacle to the transfer back home of defendants facing trial over the 1994 genocide.
    (AFP, 1/19/07)
2007        Jan 19, The African Union agreed to deploy a long-discussed peacekeeping force in Somalia.
    (AP, 1/20/07)
2007        Jan 19, Sri Lankan troops captured the main rebel bastion in the island's east. After weeks of fighting, at least 45 security forces and 331 Tiger rebels were killed in the battle for Vakarai.
    (AP, 1/19/07)
2007        Jan 19, Hrant Dink (53), a Turkish citizen of Armenian descent, was shot to death at the entrance to his newspaper's offices. The journalist had faced constant threats and legal proceedings as one of the most prominent voices of Turkey's shrinking Armenian community. Dink had called the 1915 massacre of Armenians by Ottoman Turks a genocide. In 2012 Yasin Hayal was sentenced to life in prison for masterminding the killing, while another 19 were acquitted of charges of acting under a terrorist organization's orders.
    (AP, 1/19/07)(AP, 1/19/12)(Econ, 1/21/12, p.58)

2008        Jan 19, In Nevada Hillary Clinton defeated rival Barack Obama 51-45% in a tight Democratic contest. Her delegate count increased to 236 followed by Obama with 136 and 50 for Sen. John Edwards. Mitt Romney, former Massachusetts governor, cruised to victory in the little-contested GOP Nevada caucuses.
    (AP, 1/20/08)(SSFC, 1/20/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 19, In South Carolina John McCain (33%) bested Mike Huckabee (30%), a former Arkansas governor, in a GOP fight that focused on the economy.
    (AP, 1/20/08)(SSFC, 1/20/08, p.A6)
2008        Jan 19, In southern California a Hummer, suspected of carrying drugs and heading to Mexico, cut through a campground and hit and killed Luis Aguilar (32), a US Border Patrol, as he threw a spike strip in front of the vehicle. On Jan 23 Jesus Navarro Montes (22) was arrested in the northern state of Sonora for hitting Aguilar. On April 12, 2011, Navarro was found guilty of drug charges and second degree murder for killing Aguilar. On July 1 Navarro was sentenced to life in prison and was given an additional 80 years in prison on drug charges.
    (SFC, 1/21/08, p.A3)(AP, 1/23/08)(Reuters, 4/13/11)(SFC, 7/2/11, p.A5)
2008        Jan 19, Suzanne Pleshette (b.1937), film and TV star, died in Los Angeles. The husky-voiced star was best known for her role as Bob Newhart's sardonic wife on television's long-running "The Bob Newhart Show." Her work included roles in such films as Hitchcock's "The Birds" and in Broadway plays including "The Miracle Worker."
    (AP, 1/20/08)
2008        Jan 19, James Levoy Sorenson (b.1921), medical device inventor and Utah real estate investor, died. He amassed over 40 medical patents and introduced the disposable paper surgical mask.
    (WSJ, 1/26/08, p.A8)
2008        Jan 19, John Stewart (68), singer and songwriter, died in San Diego. He wrote the Monkees' hit "Daydream Believer" and became a well-known figure in the 1960s folk music revival as a member of The Kingston Trio.
    (AP, 1/20/08)
2008        Jan 19, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb, probably intended for Afghan or NATO forces, killed five civilians in a taxi in the Panjwayi district of Kandahar province. Militants attacked a convoy of trucks carrying gravel to a NATO base in Helmand, killing four drivers and two security guards.
    (AP, 1/20/08)(AP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 19, In Algeria an armed Islamist was killed in a clash with anti-terrorist security forces at Tebessa, near the Tunisian border while a fourth man died at Jijel, also in the east. His weapon was seized.
    (AFP, 1/21/08)
2008        Jan 19, Andy Palacio (47), Belize musician, died in Belize City. His 2007 album “Watina" was acclaimed as one of the best world music releases of the year.
    (SFC, 1/22/08, p.B5)
2008        Jan 19, Activists said actress Mia Farrow has arrived in Cambodia and plans to defy a ban on holding a ceremony at a former Khmer Rouge prison, as part of her campaign on Darfur.
    (AFP, 1/19/08)
2008        Jan 19, Egyptian police shot dead a man from Ivory Coast and detained two other African migrants who were trying to cross illegally into Israel.
    (AP, 1/19/08)
2008        Jan 19, Ethiopia’s justice minister Dimegn Wube said half of Ethiopian women are victims of domestic violence.
    (AFP, 1/19/08)
2008        Jan 19, In India laboratory workers analyzed new samples from dead chickens amid fears that India's worst-ever bird flu outbreak may have spread in eastern India as locals resisted a massive cull.
    (AFP, 1/19/08)
2008        Jan 19, Hundreds of thousands of Shiites beat their heads and chests and whipped themselves with chains across much of Iraq to honor the martyrdom of one of their most revered saints. Two bombs hidden under trash struck an Ashoura procession in the city of Kirkuk, killing at least two. A rocket attack also struck a busy market in the northern city of Tal Afar, killing at least 7 people and wounding 17. Three suicide bombers targeted a police station in Ramadi, the capital of Anbar and a former Sunni insurgent stronghold. Guards killed one attacker, but two others detonated their explosives at the entrance, killing at least five officers. A US Marine was killed during fighting in Anbar. A roadside bomb killed another soldier in the rural al-Qaida in Iraq stronghold of Arab Jabour. The soldier who died was the gunner who sits atop the MRAP vehicle. The V-shaped hull of the huge Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) truck is designed to deflect blasts from roadside bombs. Three crew members tucked inside the cabin were wounded.
    (AP, 1/19/08)(AP, 1/20/08)(AP, 1/21/08)(AP, 1/22/08)
2008        Jan 19, Israeli air strikes killed two Hamas militants in Gaza, a day after Israel sealed the territory and bombed an empty Hamas government ministry in an intensifying campaign to halt rocket fire on Israeli border towns.
    (AP, 1/19/08)
2008        Jan 19, In Kenya 5 people died in ethnic clashes when three ethnic groups, Kalenjin, Kisii and Kikuyu, fought each other with bows and arrows and machetes in villages around the Catholic Kipkelion Monastery in the Rift Valley.
    (AP, 1/20/08)
2008        Jan 19, In Lebanon Sheik Hassan Nasrallah, Hezbollah's reclusive leader, claimed the militant group had the remains of Israeli soldiers killed in Lebanon during the 2006 war, saying the dead were left behind "in our villages and fields."
    (AP, 1/19/08)
2008        Jan 19, In Spain civil guard police found explosives and other equipment during raids on five addresses in Barcelona and arrested 12 Pakistanis and two Indians after receiving information from its own and other European intelligence agencies.
    (Reuters, 1/19/08)
2008        Jan 19, In northern Sri Lanka 23 rebels, 17 in one battle alone, and one soldier were killed in clashes. In northeastern Welioya village fighting killed six rebels and left a soldier missing.
    (AP, 1/20/08)
2008        Jan 19, Turkmenistan Pres. Gurbanguli Berdymukhamedov reversed his predecessor's 2001 ban on operas and circuses, saying that with increasing development in the Central Asian nation, it deserved to have such artistic performances.
    (AP, 1/20/08)
2008        Jan 19, The bodies of nearly 50 Africans trying to immigrate washed up on Yemen's shores after their boat capsized in the treacherous waters of the Gulf of Aden.
    (AP, 1/19/08)
2008        Jan 19, Nationwide power outages shut down basic services across Zambia and Zimbabwe as anger mounted in South Africa over power cuts that have wreaked havoc in the continent's economic hub.
    (AP, 1/20/08)

2009        Jan 19, President George W. Bush In his final acts of clemency granted early prison releases to Jose Alonso Compean and Ignacio Ramos, two former Texas-based US Border Patrol agents whose convictions for shooting a Mexican drug dealer in 2005 fueled the national debate over illegal immigration.
    (AP, 1/20/09)(SFC, 1/20/09, p.A3)
2009        Jan 19, Afghan President Hamid Karzai's office said that Russia is ready to cooperate on defense matters with Afghanistan. The announcement coincided with an increasingly public tussle between Afghan and Western officials.
    (AP, 1/19/09)
2009        Jan 19, The Arab League’s 22 leaders met in Kuwait City for a 2-day session on infrastructure projects and ways to deal with the global financial crises.
    (SFC, 1/19/09, p.D1)
2009        Jan 19, Britain announced a second rescue plan for the country's ailing banks, hoping to thaw frozen lending by offering to insure banks against large-scale losses on bad assets they already hold.
    (AP, 1/19/09)
2009        Jan 19, CAR President Francois Bozize reappointed Faustin-Archange Touadera as prime minister of Central African Republic, just a day after the president dissolved the government.
    (AP, 1/19/09)
2009        Jan 19, Chile's former top air force commander was arrested on charges of taking graft in the 1994 sale of 25 Belgian military planes to the government. Air Force Gen. Ramon Vega and three other retired officers were charged with tax evasion, misappropriation of public funds and improper negotiation.
    (AP, 1/20/09)
2009        Jan 19, China warned of a rising bird flu risk after a second person died of the virus in less than a month, and said it could be especially dangerous as the nation headed into the Lunar New Year holiday.
    (AP, 1/19/09)
2009        Jan 19, China’s state media reported that nearly 1,000 people have been caught cheating on China's notoriously competitive civil service entrance exams, some with high-tech listening devices in their ears.
    (AP, 1/18/09)
2009        Jan 19, El Salvador's chief leftist party lost its stronghold in the capital but was winning the most seats in the Legislative Assembly.
    (AP, 1/20/09)
2009        Jan 19, Some 25 people, most of them Haitians, were aboard an overloaded boat that was illegally traveling the 100-mile (160-kilometer) passage from the Dutch territory of St. Maarten to the British Virgin Islands. They were apparently island-hopping in hopes of eventually reaching US shores when the boat hit a reef, pitching passengers into the ocean. 13 migrants were rescued by a passing fishing boat. In September 4 men, two Sri Lankans and two residents of St. Kitts, were convicted and sentenced to prison terms ranging up to 2 1/2 years for organizing the doomed sea voyage from St. Maarten.
    (AP, 1/21/09)(AP, 9/22/09)
2009        Jan 19, Iran's state news agency reported that two internationally renowned Iranian AIDS physicians were among four men sentenced to prison over the weekend for allegedly participating in a US-backed plot to overthrow Iran's Islamic regime. Arash and Kamyar Alaei have been held in prison since June 2008.
    (AP, 1/19/09)
2009        Jan 19, Patrick Rocca (42), Irish property tycoon, was found dead of apparent suicide at his home near Dublin.
    (WSJ, 1/21/09, p.A13)
2009        Jan 19, Israeli officials said they hope to pull all its troops out of the Gaza Strip by the time Barack Obama is inaugurated as president of the United States on Jan 20. This was the last full day of fighting as Hamas fired 19 rockets into Israel. About 1,300 Palestinians and 13 Israelis died in the offensive, which started Dec. 27.
    (AP, 1/19/09)(Econ, 1/24/09, p.53)(AP, 2/11/09)
2009        Jan 19, The International Court of Justice at The Hague ruled that the United States defied its order when authorities in Texas on Aug 5, 2008, executed a Mexican convicted of rape and murder.
    (AP, 1/19/09)
2009        Jan 19, Militant attacks killed a Pakistani soldier near the crucial supply route to US and NATO forces in Afghanistan. Suspected Taliban militants bombed five schools in a nearby valley in their growing campaign against girls' education.
    (AP, 1/19/09)
2009        Jan 19, Russia released a text by President Dmitry Medvedev ordering the government to introduce economic sanctions against countries supplying weapons to Georgia.
    (AP, 1/19/09)
2009        Jan 19, Russia and Ukraine signed a deal that restores natural gas shipments to Ukraine and paves the way for an end to the nearly two-week cutoff of most Russian gas to a freezing Europe.
    (AP, 1/19/09)
2009        Jan 19, In Russia Stanislav Markelov (34), a human-rights lawyer who unsuccessfully fought the early release of a Russian colonel convicted of murdering a Chechen woman, was shot dead on a Moscow street along with reporter Anastasia Baburova (b.1983). Markelov had told reporters he was considering file an international court appeal against the early release of Col. Yuri Budanov, who was convicted in 2003 and sentenced to 10 years, including time served, for strangling 18-year-old Heda Kungayeva in 2000. He admitted to killing her, saying he believed she was a Chechen insurgent sniper. Budanov was freed last week with more than a year left on his murder sentence. On Nov 4 Nikita Tikhonov and a female comrade were detained for the murder and Tikhonov confessed to the crime. On May 6, 2011, Tikhonov was sentenced to life in prison, and his girlfriend received an 18-year sentence.
    (AP, 1/19/09)(Econ, 2/7/09, p.79)(AP, 11/6/09)(Econ, 11/14/09, p.63)(AP, 5/6/11)
2009        Jan 19, Rwanda said it was restoring relations with Germany after a diplomatic spat between the two countries over Berlin's arrest of a top Rwandan official for complicity in the 1994 genocide. A Rwandan court passed a life sentence on Agnes Ntamabyariro, a former justice minister accused of ordering the killing of Jean Baptiste Habyarimana, a Tutsi official who opposed Rwanda's 1994 genocide.
    (AP, 1/19/09)(AFP, 1/20/09)
2009        Jan 19, The Saudi king said his country will donate $1 billion to help rebuild the Gaza Strip after the devastating Israeli offensive and told Israel that an Arab initiative offering peace will not remain on the table forever. The Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency cut its benchmark lending rate a half point to 2%, and its deposit rate by three-quarters point to .75%.
    (AP, 1/19/09)(WSJ, 1/20/09, p.A11)
2009        Jan 19, An Atheist Bus Campaign's message, translated into Catalan, began appearing on two routes in Barcelona, with plans to extend the campaign to the rest of the country. A campaign with the concise message "There's probably no God. Now stop worrying and enjoy your life," took to the road in Britain this month. In Italy buses with the slogan "The bad news is that God does not exist. The good news is that we do not need him" will begin traversing the northern Italian city of Genoa on February 4.
    (AFP, 1/24/09)
2009        Jan 19, In Russia a girl disappeared after leaving her home in St. Petersburg for school. Vity prosecutor's spokesman later Sergei Kapitonov she was killed that night, and that body parts believed to be hers were found in plastic bags scattered around the city. Yuri Mozhnov (19), a florist, and Maxim Golovatskikh (19), a street-market butcher, were arrested on Jan 31 on suspicion of killing her and eating parts of her body.
    (AP, 2/4/09)
2009        Jan 19, In Thailand Harry Nicolaides (41), an Australian writer, was sentenced to three years in prison for insulting Thailand's royal family in his novel, a rare conviction of a foreigner amid a crackdown on people and Web sites deemed critical of the monarchy. Bangkok's Criminal Court sentenced Nicolaides to six years behind bars but reduced the term because he had entered a guilty plea. His 2005 book “Verisimilitude" had sold 7 copies. Nicolaides returned home on Feb 21, after he was granted a royal pardon.
    (AP, 1/19/09)(SFC, 1/20/09, p.A3)(AP, 2/21/09)
2009        Jan 19, In Turkey Abdulkarim Kirca committed suicide. He was found shot in the head in his apartment in Ankara, following allegations in the Turkish press that he had been involved in extra-judicial killings of Kurds.
    (Econ, 1/31/09, p.58)(www.journalistinturkey.com/date/2009/01/)
2009        Jan 19, The United Arab Emirates central bank cut its benchmark lending rate a half point to 1%,
    (WSJ, 1/20/09, p.A11)
2009        Jan 19, In Zimbabwe Southern African mediators tried to forge a compromise between Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe and his rival Morgan Tsvangirai, in a last-ditch effort to save a power-sharing deal. The power-sharing talks ended without a deal and opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai said no progress was made on what he called the "darkest day of our lives."
    (AFP, 1/19/09)(Reuters, 1/20/09)

2010        Jan 19, The US Justice Dept. arrested 22 executives and employees at suppliers to the military and law enforcement agencies on the eve of their industry’s annual trade show following a 2½ year undercover sting operation aimed at schemes to bribe a foreign official.
    (SFC, 1/20/10, p.A4)
2010        Jan 19, In Massachusetts Democrat Martha Coakley lost to Republican State Sen. Scott Brown (50) in a special election slowing down President Barack Obama's agenda and loosening the Democratic grip on the US Senate.
    (AP, 1/19/10)(AP, 1/20/10)
2010        Jan 19, In New Jersey Republican Chris Christie was sworn in as the state’s 55th governor. The state was plagued by the nation’s highest taxes and a deficit that could hit $10 billion by July as well as unemployment near 10%.
    (SFC, 1/20/10, p.A4)
2010        Jan 19, In Virginia a gunmen killed 8 people before firing on law enforcement officers and hitting a police helicopter. Suspect Christopher Speight (39), a former security guard, surrendered the next morning in a wooded area of Appomattox County. On Feb 15, 2013, Speight was sentenced to 5 life terms.
    (SFC, 1/20/10, p.A4)(SFC, 1/21/10, p.A6)(SFC, 2/16/13, p.A5)
2010        Jan 19, Nina Nilssen (29), a graduate student at San Francisco State Univ., was stabed to death during a port call in Antigua. On Jan 29 Suspect Tishara Daniel (24) was arrested and confessed to fatal stabbing of Nina Nilssen.
    (SFC, 1/25/10, p.A1)(AP, 1/31/10)
2010        Jan 19, A UN report said corruption in Afghanistan is so entrenched that Afghans had to pay bribes worth nearly a quarter of the country's GDP last year. 13 Uighers and two Turks were killed by a missile fired by a US unmanned aircraft near the Pakistan border.
    (AP, 1/19/10)(AP, 1/23/10)
2010        Jan 19, An Angolan human rights lawyer said that police are rounding up peaceful activists and accusing them of responsibility in a deadly attack on the Togo national soccer team's bus as it headed to the African Cup of Nations tournament.
    (AP, 1/19/10)
2010        Jan 19, The British government said it will ban drinking contests in bars and force pub owners to offer patrons tap water in a bid to help tackle the country’s boozy culture.
    (AP, 1/19/10)
2010        Jan 19, British chocolate bar maker Cadbury melted into the arms of US giant Kraft in a multi-billion-dollar deal to create a world leader in food and confectionery that sparked fears of job losses.
    (AP, 1/19/10)
2010        Jan 19, China’s Foreign Ministry said Google Inc will not be treated as an exception to China's demand foreign companies obey its laws, a week after the world's largest search engine warned it could pull out of China. Google said it had postponed the launch of two mobile handsets in China, in the latest fallout from its threat last week to withdraw from the Asian giant over cyberattacks and censorship.
    (Reuters, 1/19/10)(AFP, 1/19/10)
2010        Jan 19, A former Chinese Supreme Court judge was sentenced to life in prison following his conviction for embezzlement and receiving more than half a million dollars in bribes. Huang Songyou, the court's former vice president, is the first judicial official of his stature to be tried and convicted on such charges.
    (AP, 1/19/10)
2010        Jan 19, The World Wildlife Fund warned that the wild tiger faced extinction in China after having been decimated by poaching and the destruction of its natural habitat.
    (AFP, 1/19/10)
2010        Jan 19, In Cuba Mariela Castro, the daughter of pres. Raul Castro and head of the Center for Sex Education, said Cuba has begun performing state-sponsored sex-change operations. The government had lifted a longtime ban on the procedure in 2007.
    (SFC, 1/20/10, p.A2)
2010        Jan 19, A Guinean government spokesman said leaders have appointed Jean-Marie Dore, an opposition veteran, as prime minister, a key step to prepare the West African nation to transition from military rule to democratic elections later this year.
    (AP, 1/19/10)
2010        Jan 19, Troops in Haiti struggled to control looters in Port-au-Prince a week after the devastating earthquake, as rescuers continued to pull women and babies from the rubble and kept alive hope of finding more survivors. A riot in a prison in Les Cayes began when some of the 400-plus prisoners tried to escape a week after the Jan 12 earthquake, because they were terrified of aftershocks in the overcrowded prison. Police were later accused of then rushing into the building and opening fire killing at least 10 prisoners. In 2011 13 officers faced trial for murder, attempted murder and other crimes. On Jan 19, 2012, eight police officers were convicted for their role in the prison riot.
    (www.nytimes.com/2010/10/22/world/americas/22haiti.html)(AP, 11/8/11)(AP, 1/19/12)
2010        Jan 19, The head of an Iraqi national reconciliation committee said he hopes to place all the estimated 96,000 members of the Sons of Iraq movement in government jobs by the middle of the year. The government said it has found jobs for nearly 50,000 Sunni fighters who played a key role in US efforts to fight insurgents.
    (AP, 1/19/10)
2010        Jan 19, Japan Airlines filed for one of the country's largest bankruptcies ever, entering a restructuring that will shrink Asia's top carrier and its presence around the world.
    (AP, 1/19/10)
2010        Jan 19, In Mexico "El Teo" Teodoro Garcia Simental, an alleged drug kingpin blamed for much of Tijuana's gang violence, was ordered to face trial. The military said it caught three purported members of his gang about to dissolve a body in chemicals. State police found the bodies of four young men in an abandoned car near a hotel in Guerrero's capital, Chilpancingo. A police report said the men appeared to have been asphyxiated by plastic tape covering their faces.
    (AP, 1/20/10)(AP, 1/20/10)
2010        Jan 19, Mexico’s telecommunications mogul Carlos Slim pledged $65 million for genetic research on cancer, type 2 diabetes and kidney disease.
    (AP, 1/20/10)
2010        Jan 19, In Nigeria religious violence between Christians and Muslims erupted again in central Nigeria. Gregory Anyating, Plateau state's police commissioner, declared a 24-hour curfew as the number of dead reached close to 150 in 3 days of violence.
    (Reuters, 1/19/10)
2010        Jan 19, North and South Korea discussed development of their joint industrial complex, despite Pyongyang's recent threats it might break off all dialogue with its neighbor and could even stage an attack.
    (AP, 1/19/10)
2010        Jan 19, In Pakistan a suspected US drone attacked a compound in the Deegan area of North Waziristan, killing four people as part of an unprecedented wave of strikes since a deadly attack against the CIA across the border in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 1/19/10)
2010        Jan 19, A Saudi court sentenced a teenage girl (13) to a 90-lash flogging and two months in prison as punishment for assaulting a teacher. The assault happened after the girl was caught with a camera phone at school.
    (AP, 1/24/10)
2010        Jan 19, The Slovak Foreign Ministry said the country has agreed to take in three inmates from the US prison at Guantanamo Bay in an effort to help President Barack Obama to close it down.
    (AP, 1/19/10)
2010        Jan 19, Sudan's Pres. Bashir said he would support the country's oil-producing south if it chose independence in a looming referendum, in his closest acknowledgement of the possibility of separation. A Sudanese court sentenced another two Darfur rebels to death for a deadly 2008 attack, raising to 105 the number of Justice and Equality Movement fighters ordered hanged for the raid.
    (AP, 1/19/10)(AFP, 1/20/10)
2010        Jan 19, Swiss bank Credit Suisse said that it would reduce bonuses paid to its top executives in London by about 30% in response to a tax announced last month by British authorities.
    (AP, 1/19/10)

2011        Jan 19, President Barack Obama announced a deal to step up cooperation with China on nuclear security. The United States and China reached agreement on export deals worth $45 billion. The agreements included a $19 billion deal with Boeing in which China will purchase 200 Boeing aircraft. The deals were announced at the formal start of a four-day state visit to the US by Chinese President Hu Jintao. President Barack Obama issued a finely tuned call for greater respect for human rights in his speech to welcome his Chinese counterpart Hu Jintao.
    (AP, 1/19/11)(Reuters, 1/19/11)
2011        Jan 19, Luigi Manocchio, the reputed head of New England's Patriarca crime family, was arrested in Fort Lauderdale, Fla.
    (AP, 1/20/11)
2011        Jan 19, Peter Egner (b.1922), an alleged member of a WWII Nazi death squad, died in Seattle, Wa., of natural causes.
    (SFC, 2/2/11, p.A4)
2011        Jan 19, In eastern Afghanistan a total of 13 civilians including children and women were killed by a Taliban-style roadside bomb in Paktika province. A roadside bomb in southern Zabul province killed four border police officers who were patrolling the area. Pres. Karzai’s office said he would defer by a month the already delayed inauguration of parliament. Legislators said they start their work unilaterally.
    (AFP, 1/19/11)(AP, 1/19/11)(SFC, 1/20/11, p.A3)
2011        Jan 19, An Algerian court charged Ali Belhadj, the former number two in the country's banned Islamic Salvation Front, with harming state security and inciting an armed rebellion. He was arrested during the January 6-9 protests against high inflation.
    (AFP, 1/19/11)
2011        Jan 19, In Algeria 3 people attempted suicide by fire, bringing the total number of such actions to eight in a week, in a replica of protests that ousted the president of neighboring Tunisia.
    (AFP, 1/19/11)
2011        Jan 19, The World Bank said it will lend Brazil $485 million for rebuilding and disaster prevention efforts following devastating mudslides. At least 207 people were still missing as the death toll from the disaster in a scenic mountain region reached 741.
    (AFP, 1/19/11)(Reuters, 1/20/11)
2011        Jan 19, Canadian officials said police have arrested Sayfildin Tahir Sharif, a man accused of helping stage suicide bomb attacks in Iraq, including one that killed five US soldiers in Mosul in april 2009. He was also accused of helping with an attack on an Iraqi police station in March 2009 that killed seven people.
    (Reuters, 1/20/11)
2011        Jan 19, The European Commission, which regulates the trading of carbon emissions certificates, shut the carbon credit trading system down following a spate of computer attacks that stole certificates worth about $62 million. The shutdown was expected to last a week.
    (SFC, 1/20/11, p.D3)(Econ, 2/5/11, p.88)
2011        Jan 19, In western France Laetitia Perrais, an 18-year-old waitress, disappeared after her restaurant shift in Pornic. Officials later filed preliminary charges against suspect Tony Meilhon (31), recently out of prison with 15 convictions on his record, for the "kidnapping followed by death." On Feb 3 Pres. Sarkozy said: "Our duty is to protect society from these monsters." The president's incautious comments about the suspect, and his complaints of incompetence in the legal system, sparked a revolt among judges, prosecutors and lawyers.
    (AP, 2/10/11)
2011        Jan 19, India’s Supreme Court asked the government to release more details on how rich Indians stash money abroad to evade taxes.
    (Econ, 1/22/11, p.51)
2011        Jan 19, Iran hanged 10 drug smugglers in a prison in the city of Karaj, west of Tehran, taking to 45 the number of executions in the Islamic republic since the start of this year according to an AFP count based on media reports.
    (AFP, 1/19/11)
2011        Jan 19, In Iraq a suicide attacker driving an explosives-packed ambulance crashed through the front gate of an Iraqi guard force headquarters in Baqouba, killing at least 13 people, wounding 74 and toppling a building. Another suicide bomber detonated an explosive-packed belt among a group of Shiite pilgrims walking to holy sites to observe a major religious ritual next week. 2 people were killed and 15 were injured.
    (AP, 1/19/11)(SFC, 1/20/11, p.A4)
2011        Jan 19, Dhyan Or, the Israel director of the global anti-mining advocacy group Roots of Peace, said there are half a million mines in the Jordan Valley, an area prone to floods. He warned that land mines could drift from the fenced areas, and that overzealous worshippers could stray from the marked paths.
    (AP, 1/19/11)
2011        Jan 19, Italy’s the national statistics office said one in five young Italians, or more than 2 million people, are not studying nor working, the highest percentage of "idle" youths in the European Union.
    (Reuters, 1/19/11)
2011        Jan 19, In Mexico Leonardo Vazquez, alias "El Pachis," a suspected top operative of the brutal Zetas drug cartel, died during a confrontation with security forces in Poza Rica city, Veracruz state. Two other suspected members of the drug cartel were taken into custody. Gunmen toting high-powered weapons shot dead two police officers, a man and a woman, in Guadalupe, a suburb of the industrial city of Monterrey. Juan Miguel "El Boxer" Valle Beltran was arrested after the shootout in the seaside city of Playas de Rosarito. He was arrested with 13 suspected underlings.
    (AP, 1/20/11)
2011        Jan 19, UN Assistant Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs Catherine Bragg launched a $51 million appeal to help Sri Lankans recover from deadly floods as she began a 3-day visit to the island.
    (AP, 1/19/11)
2011        Jan 19, Sudanese police clashed with protesters demanding the release of opposition leader Hassan al-Turabi, who was detained after he called for a "popular revolution" over price rises and political demands.
    (Reuters, 1/19/11)
2011        Jan 19, Switzerland's federal council said it has agreed to freeze any assets of Tunisia's ousted president and the incumbent leader of Ivory Coast.
    (AP, 1/19/11)
2011        Jan 19, In southern Thailand four soldiers were killed in an attack on their post by at least 20 armed men. The attackers also set fire to two shelters in the base and took away an unknown number of M16 assault rifles in Narathiwat province.
    (AP, 1/19/11)
2011        Jan 19, In Tunisia hundreds of protesters demonstrated in Tunis to demand the dismissal from the new coalition government of ministers associated with ousted president Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali. A Tunisian prosecutor opened an investigation into the overseas assets of the ousted president and his deeply resented family. The government moved to give legal status to three parties barred under the previous administration and freed a dissident journalist, Fahem Boukadous, sentenced to four years in prison last year for his work.
    (AP, 1/19/11)(AFP, 1/20/11)
2011        Jan 19, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to deploy 2,000 additional peacekeepers to Ivory Coast, where the incumbent president has refused to relinquish his post to the man internationally recognized as the legitimate leader.
    (AP, 1/19/11)
2011        Jan 19, In Vietnam reporter Le Hoang Hung (50) suffered burns on about half his body following an attack in his house while he was sleeping. Hung died of his injuries on Jan 29. His wife Tran Thi Thuy Lieu (40) was taken into police custody on Feb 22.
    (AP, 1/20/11)(AP, 1/29/11)(AP, 2/23/11)

2012        Jan 19, A US federal judge blocked Vermont from forcing the Vermont Yankee nuclear reactor to shut down when its license expires in March and said the state cannot force the plant’s owner to sell electricity to in-state utilities at reduced rates as a condition of operation.
    (SFC, 1/20/12, p.A6)
2012        Jan 19, Texas Gov. Rick Perry ended his presidential campaign and endorsed Newt Gingrich's candidacy for the 2012 Republican presidential nomination.
    (SFC, 1/20/12, p.A6)
2012        Jan 19, Eastman Kodak Co, the photography icon that invented the hand-held camera, filed for bankruptcy protection and plans to shrink significantly after a prolonged plunge for one of America's best-known companies.
    (Reuters, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 19, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed at least seven people and wounded eight in an attack at Kandahar international airport. Hundreds of people took to the streets in Dewa Gul Vally, Kunar province, in protest over a recent night raid by Afghan and NATO forces that allegedly killed six civilians.  A NATO-US helicopter crashed killing 6 Marines. Taliban fighters attacked a police checkpoint in Helmand province. At least 2 police officers and 12 Taliban fighters were killed.
    (AFP, 1/19/12)(SFC, 1/20/12, p.A2)(SFC, 1/21/12, p.A2)
2012        Jan 19, The Bangladesh military said it has foiled a plot by a group of hardline officers, their retired colleagues and Bangladeshi conspirators living abroad to overthrow PM Sheikh Hasina.
    (AP, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 19, In Brazil a federal court in the northeastern in the state of Alagoas sentenced politician Talvane de Albuquerque to 103 years in prison for the 1998 killing of his running mate, Ceci Cunha, so that he could take her place in Congress. Albuquerque was also found guilty of ordering the murder of Cunha's husband, sister-in-law and her sister's mother-in-law.
    (AP, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 19, Britain’s PM David Cameron said bonuses in the financial services sector have "got out of control" in recent years, adding cash payments at state-backed banks would again be limited to 2,000 pounds.
    (Reuters, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 19, In London a $6 billion (3.8 billion pound) lawsuit between two of Russia's best-known tycoons ended after a four-month High Court hearing. Former Kremlin insider Boris Berezovsky (65) claimed he was extorted into handing the crown jewel of his business empire to Roman Abramovich (45), the billionaire owner of Chelsea football club. A ruling was expected at the end of March or in early April.
    (AP, 1/20/12)
2012        Jan 19, Top Canadian freestyle skier Sarah Burke (29), an early gold medal favorite ahead of the 2014 Olympics, died at a Utah hospital from injuries she suffered in a training fall.
    (Reuters, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 19, In Cuba Wilman Villar (31), an imprisoned dissident who went on a hunger strike to protest his four-year sentence, died of pneumonia in the eastern city of Santiago. His widow acknowledged on Jan 30 that his legal troubles stemmed from a domestic violence incident and that he aligned himself with the opposition only after he was detained for that.
    (AP, 1/19/12)(AP, 1/30/12)
2012        Jan 19, Egypt’s Al-Ahram newspaper reported that a safe containing radioactive material was stolen from a site in Al-Dabaa, on the Mediterranean coast. The low-level radioactive material was stolen from a laboratory at a construction site for a nuclear power plant that is not yet operational. A day later the Al-Akhbar newspaper said that the experts who toured the site a day earlier found "no evidence of any theft of radioactive material" or any radioactive leakage.
    (AFP, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 19, An Ethiopian court found three journalists, a politician and a politician's assistant guilty of conspiring to commit acts of terrorism, in a case that drew rebukes from rights groups who fear the country's anti-terrorism law is being used to suppress dissent.
    (AP, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 19, A Haitian judge convicted seven police officers on a range of charges for their role in a prison riot in which at least 10 prisoners were shot to death on Jan 19, 2010.
    (AP, 1/20/12)
2012        Jan 19, Honduras' congress approved legislation to allow extradition of its citizens charged elsewhere with drug trafficking, terrorism and organized crime. Honduras has barred extraditing its nationals since 1982.
    (AP, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 19, India's largest lender to the poor, SKS Microfinance, posted its third straight quarterly loss, hit by bad loans and dwindling investor confidence.
    (AFP, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 19, In eastern Indonesia a crocodile swallowed a 10-year-old girl while she played in the Wailolong river with her father, the second death in the same place in two months.
    (AFP, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 19, Indonesia's forestry ministry said it would conserve nearly half its share of Borneo island, which is covered with dense rainforest, so as to meet a presidential pledge to reduce gas emissions.
    (AFP, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 19, Iraq's presidency approved the death penalty for 11 men, including Al-Qaeda militants, convicted two years ago of being behind devastating attacks against two ministries on Aug 19, 2009.
    (AFP, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 19, Israeli forces arrested three Palestinians overnight as they tried to enter Israel from the southern Gaza Strip. Israeli forces clashed with angry settlers during the demolition of a settlement outpost on the Jerusalem-Jericho road.
    (AFP, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 19, In Libya Abdelhafiz Ghoga, the deputy head of the National Transitional Council, was manhandled by protesters at the University of Ghar Yunis in Benghazi. Students have been demonstrating on the campus for weeks to protest against the perceived lack of transparency of the administration.
    (AFP, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 19, In Libya a Tripoli-based militia from the town of Zintan detained Omar Brebesh (62), the country‘s ex-ambassador to France. His body appeared at a hospital in Zintan the next day and a preliminary autopsy found the cause of death included "multiple bodily injuries and fractured ribs."
    (AFP, 2/3/12)
2012        Jan 19, The Maldives Journalists' Association said the government is threatening and harassing the media over their reporting of a political crisis and the military's arrest of the nation's top criminal court judge.
    (AP, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 19, Five unemployed Moroccan men set themselves on fire in the capital Rabat as part of widespread demonstrations in the country over the lack of jobs, especially for university graduates. Three were burned badly enough to be hospitalized. Abdelwahab Zaydoun (27), who held a master's degree in law, died of his burns on Jan 24.
    (AP, 1/19/12)(AP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 19, Myanmar's government and ethnic Kachin rebels met for cease-fire talks to end several months of armed clashes near the northern border with China, but their preliminary meeting did not make any major breakthroughs.
    (AP, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 19, Nigerian police fired tear gas in Lagos at hundreds of protestors as more than 200 defied police warnings and marched towards a park in the economic capital that has become the epicenter of mass mobilization against the removal of fuel subsidies.
    (AFP, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 19, In Pakistan a German aid worker and his Italian colleague were kidnapped in Multan. Pakistan police on Jan 24 accused Islamist militants over the kidnapping.
    (SFC, 1/21/12, p.A2)(AFP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 19, In Somalia a bomb exploded in a crowded refugee camp in Mogadishu, only minutes after a group of UN officials and international journalists left a nearby feeding site. The blast killed two Somalis.
    (AP, 1/19/12)
2012        Jan 19, In Syria at least 16 people were killed by security forces across the country. An Arab League observer mission ends today but can be renewed for another month.
    (AP, 1/19/12)(SFC, 1/20/12, p.A2)
2012        Jan 19, Thailand said that it has recognized a Palestinian state, in a move hailed by Palestinian leaders eager to boost their international standing amid a stalemate with Israel.
    (AFP, 1/20/12)
2012        Jan 19, Turkish authorities exhumed the bodies of three Kurds near the village of Yagizoymak as part of their investigation into alleged extrajudicial killings by Turkish security forces in the 1990s. Lawyer Ridvan Dalmis, who witnessed the excavation, said the remains allegedly are those of civilians who were killed by security forces in June 1993 and hastily buried by Kurdish villagers before they were forced to evacuate the area.
    (AP, 1/20/12)
2012        Jan 19, Vietnam confirmed its first case death from bird flu in nearly 2 years, a day after Cambodia also logged its first fatality this year from the H5N1 virus.
    (SFC, 1/20/12, p.A2)

2013        Jan 19, Rick Champagne, an Arizona man with a special fondness for caped crusader Batman and his sidekick Robin, bought the original Batmobile driven in the iconic television series with a bid of $4.2 million at an auction.
    (Reuters, 1/19/13)
2013        Jan 19, In New Mexico 5 people, including three young children, were shot and killed in a rural area southwest of Albuquerque. Nehemiah Griego (15) was arrested on murder and other charges in connection with the shootings of his family.
    (AP, 1/20/13)(AP, 1/22/13)
2013        Jan 19, Algeria's special forces stormed the Amenas natural gas complex in the middle of the Sahara desert in a final assault, killing 11 militants, but not before they in turn killed seven hostages. The standoff with Islamist extremists, begun on Jan 16, left at least 37 foreign workers and 27 militants dead.
    (AP, 1/19/13)(AP, 2/12/13)
2013        Jan 19, In Azerbaijan market traders blocked a highway 50 km (30 miles) outside Baku and clashed with riot police in a spontaneous protest over increased rent for their stalls.
    (AP, 1/24/13)
2013        Jan 19, In Bulgaria Oktay Enimehmedov (25) tried to shoot a gas pistol at Ahmed Dogan (58), the leader of his country's ethnic Turkish political party, at a conference in Sofia. The gun failed to fire and Enimehmedov was wrestled to the ground and beaten.
    (AP, 1/22/13)
2013        Jan 19, Egyptian riot police fired tear gas to disperse demonstrators throwing stones outside an Alexandria courtroom where the city's ex-security director and other officers are on trial for the killing of protesters during the 2011 uprising. A criminal court invoked a presidential amnesty and dismissed charges against 379 people accused of taking part in deadly clashes with police.
    (AP, 1/19/13)
2013        Jan 19, Officials in Ethiopia said South Sudan and Sudan have failed to reach an agreement on security arrangements and oil exports after several days of talks in Addis Ababa.
    (AP, 1/19/13)
2013        Jan 19, In Greece several thousand people marched through central Athens to protest a spate of anti-immigrant attacks, including the fatal stabbing by suspected right-wing extremists of Shehzad Luqman (27), a Pakistani immigrant who died Jan 17. Two men have been charged in the murder.
    (AP, 1/20/13)
2013        Jan 19, In Iraq gunmen shot and killed the two policemen in a drive-by-shooting near the northern city of Mosul. In Kirkuk a civilian driver was killed when his truck hit a roadside bomb. A roadside bomb exploded just south of Baghdad, killing a policeman and wounding three others while they were on patrol.
    (AP, 1/19/13)
2013        Jan 19, The Malian military announced that the government was now controlling Diabaly.
    (AP, 1/20/13)
2013        Jan 19, Ethnic Kachin rebels in Myanmar said clashes in the country's north continued despite a government promise to cease fire, casting doubt over hopes that the bloody conflict there could end soon.
    (AP, 1/19/13)
2013        Jan 19, A Nicaraguan judge sentenced 18 Mexicans who posed last August as members of a televison crew to 30 years in prison for drug trafficking and money laundering.
    (SFC, 1/19/13, p.A2)
2013        Jan 19, In northwest Nigeria gunmen attacked the convoy of a religious leader in Kano, killing at least 3 guards.
    (AP, 1/19/13)
2013        Jan 19, In Scotland an avalanche killed four climbers at Glencoe in the Scottish Highlands.
    (AP, 1/19/13)
2013        Jan 19, In Geneva more than 140 nations adopted the first legally-binding international treaty aimed at reducing mercury emissions, capping four years of negotiations on how to set limits on the use of a highly toxic metal. 50 nations must ratify it before it comes into force, which officials said they would expect to happen within about three to four years.
    (AP, 1/19/13)
2013        Jan 19, Syrian troops fought intense battles against rebels who are trying to capture two military bases in the northwest. Dozens of people were killed and wounded as Syria's air force targeted a mosque and a school building that apparently was sheltering displaced Syrians in the town of Salqin in Idlib province.
    (AP, 1/19/13)

2014        Jan 19, In NYC Deisy Garcia (21) and her two daughters, ages 1 and 2, were found stabbed to death in their Queens apartment. Police searched for Miguel Mejia Ramos (28), the father of the girls, as a suspect.
    (SFC, 1/21/14, p.A5)
2014        Jan 19, Afghanistan's Pres. Karzai said the US can no longer carry out military operations or airstrikes and must jump-start peace talks with the Taliban before his country signs a security deal to keep American troops in Afghanistan after 2014.
    (AP, 1/19/14)
2014        Jan 19, British athletics great Chris Chataway (82), best known for being one of the pacemakers for Roger Bannister's landmark four-minute mile run in 1954, died after a long battle with cancer. He was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1995 for his services to the aviation industry.
2014        Jan 19, Canadian PM Stephen Harper began his first official visit to Israel, with his Israeli counterpart Benjamin Netanyahu hailing him as a "great friend" of the Jewish state.
    (AFP, 1/19/14)
2014        Jan 19, Colombia’s army said at least 9 Marxist FARC rebels have been killed in a clash in Tame even as peace talks were being held between the two sides in Cuba.
    (AFP, 1/19/14)
2014        Jan 19, Deposed Egyptian president Mohamed Mursi (Morsi) was ordered to stand trial for insulting the judiciary, alongside 24 others including liberal activists who opposed his Islamist rule but have also been critical of the new army-backed order.
    (Reuters, 1/19/14)
2014        Jan 19, In southeastern France "historic" floods left two people dead and more than 150 were airlifted to safety.
    (AFP, 1/20/14)
2014        Jan 19, In Hong Kong thousands of people rallied to demand justice for a young Indonesian maid who was badly beaten by her employer in a case that has sparked widespread outrage and a police investigation into accusations of torture.
    (Reuters, 1/19/14)
2014        Jan 19, In Indonesia monsoon rains inundated parts of Jakarta, forcing more than 30,000 people to evacuate.
    (Reuters, 1/19/14)
2014        Jan 19, Iraqi tribesmen backed by police special forces and helicopter gunships assaulted al Qaeda-linked militants in the eastern and southern outskirts of the city of Ramadi. Authorities imposed an indefinite curfew in Ramadi to try to avert civilian casualties. Iraq hanged 26 people convicted of "terrorism" offences.
    (Reuters, 1/19/14)(Reuters, 1/21/14)
2014        Jan 19, Israel decided to end a decades-old policy of issuing gas masks to the public in an apparent sign of confidence in Syria's chemical weapons disarmament.
    (Reuters, 1/19/14)
2014        Jan 19, In Libya unknown gunmen kidnapped Han Seok-woo, a South Korean trade official, in Tripoli.
    (Reuters, 1/20/14)
2014        Jan 19, Mexican security forces said they have arrested 38 people in the region of Michoacan, including Jesus Vasquez Macias (37), a leading figure of the notorious Knights Templar drug cartel.
    (AFP, 1/19/14)
2014        Jan 19, The Nauru government deported Peter Law, its Australian resident magistrate, and barred its Australian chief justice, Geoffrey Eames, from re-entering the country.
    (Econ, 2/1/14, p.34)
2014        Jan 19, In Pakistan a bombing claimed by the Pakistani Taliban, killed 26 soldiers and wounded 30 when it ripped through a military convoy in Bannu, North Waziristan. Army helicopters fired missiles killing 3 militants, in apparent retaliation for the Taliban bomb attack.
    (AFP, 1/19/14)(SFC, 1/22/14, p.A2)
2014        Jan 19, Two Palestinians were hurt, one critically, in an Israeli air strike on Gaza City. The Israel military said it had targeted a senior Islamic Jihad militant.
    (AFP, 1/19/14)
2014        Jan 19, Pres. Putin in broadcast comments defended Russia's anti-gay law by equating gays with pedophiles and said Russia needs to "cleanse" itself of homosexuality if it wants to increase its birth rate. At the same time he offered new assurances to gay athletes and fans attending the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics next month.
    (AP, 1/19/14)
2014        Jan 19, South African press reported that at least two police officers who took part in the deadly crackdown on Marikana miners in 2012 were implicated in the killing of three protesters this week.
    (AFP, 1/19/14)
2014        Jan 19, South Korean regulator Financial Supervisory Service (FSS) revealed the full scale of personal information theft on more than 100 million South Korean credit cards. Some 20 million people were victims of data theft a three credit card companies.
    (Reuters, 1/21/14)(SFC, 10/15/14, p.A5)
2014        Jan 19, South Sudanese troops fought to win back the key oil town of Malakal from rebels loyal to sacked vice president Riek Machar.
    (AFP, 1/19/14)
2014        Jan 19, In Thailand 28 people were wounded, seven seriously, in explosions at a camp of anti-government protesters in Bangkok.
    (Reuters, 1/19/14)
2014        Jan 19, Ukraine protesters attacked riot police with sticks in Kiev and tried to overturn a bus blocking their path to parliament, as up to 100,000 massed in defiance of sweeping new laws aimed at stamping out anti-government demonstrations.
    (Reuters, 1/19/14)
2014        Jan 19, The UAE cabinet approved a draft law making it compulsory for Emirati men to serve in the military for up to two years.
    (AFP, 1/19/14)
2014        Jan 19, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon said Iran has been invited to attend a Jan 22 meeting of foreign ministers in the Swiss city of Montreux ahead of internationally brokered peace talks between Syria's warring factions. The UN invite sparked a boycott call from the opposition and President Bashar al-Assad ruled out a power-sharing deal.
    (AP, 1/19/14)(AFP, 1/20/14)
2014        Jan 19, Pope Francis' newly chosen Spanish cardinal, Fernando Sebastian Aguilar (84), described homosexuality as a "defect" that can be corrected with treatment, sparking condemnation from gay rights groups.
    (AFP, 1/20/14)
2014        Jan 19, In Yemen unidentified gunman shot and killed Police Director Abd el-Wali el-Turkmi in the southwest city of Taiz.
    (AP, 1/19/14)

2015        Jan 19, A young woman was sexually assaulted after a party at Stanford’s Kappa Alpha fraternity. In 2016 Stanford swimmer Brock Allen Turner was sentenced to six months in county jail for digitally penetrating an unconscious and intoxicated victim.
    (SFC, 6/7/16, p.A6)(SFC, 6/14/16, p.C2)
2015        Jan 19, In Maryland a fire at a riverfront mansion killed an Annapolis couple and 4 of their young grandchildren.
    (SFC, 1/29/15, p.A6)
2015        Jan 19, In Ohio a construction worker was killed and a tractor-trailer driver injured when an I-75 overpass undergoing demolition collapsed in Cincinnati.
    (AP, 1/20/15)
2015        Jan 19, In eastern Afghanistan the Taliban attacked government troops in Laghman province, triggering a gunbattle that killed 2 soldiers and wounded a third.
    (AP, 1/19/15)
2015        Jan 19, Austrian police said they have arrested a suspected gang leader over the weekend who Russian authorities suspect was involved in the killing of at least six people. Among the victims allegedly killed by the gang was Kazbek Pagiyev, a former mayor of Vladikavkaz, the provincial capital of Russia's republic of North Ossetia. He was shot dead in 2008. Aslan Gagiyev fled Russia last year and was sought on an Interpol warrant.
    (AP, 1/19/15)
2015        Jan 19, Bahrain prosecutors charged Sheikh Ali Salman, the Shiite opposition chief in custody since Dec 28, with attempting to overthrow the regime and sent him to trial despite international calls for his release.
    (AFP, 1/19/15)
2015        Jan 19, Bangladeshi police arrested four suspected members of Islamic State in Dhaka, including a regional coordinator for the militant group who told police they had been trained in Pakistan.
    (Reuters, 1/19/15)
2015        Jan 19, In Chechnya several hundred thousand people protested in the Chechnya region against what its Kremlin-backed leader called the "vulgar and immoral" cartoons of the Prophet Mohammad published by French newspaper Charlie Hebdo.
    (Reuters, 1/19/15)
2015        Jan 19, Chinese shares plunged about 8 percent after the country's securities regulator imposed margin trading curbs on several major brokerages.
    (AP, 1/19/15)
2015        Jan 19, In the Dominican Rep. a man killed 4 people, injured three others and committed suicide in Santo Domingo. Police said Aneury Heredia (26) apparently was trying to avenge a friend's death.
    (AP, 1/20/15)
2015        Jan 19, In Germany more than 17,000 anti-racism demonstrators took to the streets in several cities to voice opposition to the PEGIDA anti-Islamic movement, whose own weekly rally was cancelled over a terrorism threat.
    (AFP, 1/19/15)
2015        Jan 19, More than 2,000 Iranians protested outside the French embassy in Tehran, chanting "Death to France" and urging the ambassador be expelled because of a cartoon of the Prophet Mohammed.
    (AFP, 1/19/15)
2015        Jan 19, Kenyan police fired tear gas at children as young as eight protesting against the seizure of their school playground by a property developer.
    (AFP, 1/19/15)
2015        Jan 19, In Pakistan a suspected US drone strike killed 4 militants in North Waziristan. 3 security troops and 7 militants were killed in a clash in the Banda area of the Bajur tribal region.
    (AP, 1/19/15)
2015        Jan 19, In the Philippines a concrete wall at a warehouse being built collapsed, killing at least 10 workers in Guiguinto town, Bulacan province.
    (AP, 1/19/15)
2015        Jan 19, Romanian inventor Justin Capra (81) died. He claimed to have beaten the Americans to make the world's first jetpack and went on to design and build dozens of vehicles, calling the modern-day car a disgrace.
    (AP, 1/20/15)
2015        Jan 19, In Sweden Peter Wallenberg (b.1926), the former head of a Swedish financial dynasty, died at his home on the island of Varmdo.
    (AP, 1/19/15)
2015        Jan 19, Oxfam International said in a report released as the World Economic Forum begins in Davos, Switzerland, that the richest 1 percent of the population will own more than half the world's wealth by 2016.
    (AP, 1/19/15)
2015        Jan 19, In Syria Kurdish fighters captured a strategic hill overlooking the town of Kobani after intense clashes with the Islamic State group.
    (AP, 1/19/15)
2015        Jan 19, In Thailand villagers living near the country’s largest gold mine asked the government to quickly prove the source of arsenic and manganese contamination that has led to a suspension in operations at the mine. Testing conducted in November by a government team on 700 villagers living near the mine found that more than 300 people, including children, tested positive for arsenic and manganese.
    (Reuters, 1/19/15)
2015        Jan 19, In eastern Ukraine pro-Russian separatists renewed attacks on Ukrainian forces at the Donetsk airport complex. Ukrainian officials said 3 soldiers have been killed and 66 wounded over the past 24 hours. Ukraine's military claimed that some 700 Russian troops crossed into the country to aid rebels fighting for control of the country's east.
    (AP, 1/19/15)(AFP, 1/19/15)
2015        Jan 19, Yemen's Houthi movement fought artillery battles with the army near the presidential palace in Sanaa, throwing the fragile Arab state deeper into turmoil. At least 9 people were killed, including fighters from both sides. A cease-fire halted intense clashes near the presidential palace in Sanaa after Shiite rebels seized control of state-run media.
    (Reuters, 1/19/15)(AP, 1/19/15)(AFP, 1/20/15)

2016        Jan 19, The United States and its allies conducted 14 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq, focused in Ramadi where a half dozen strikes hit multiple targets.
    (Reuters, 1/20/16)
2016        Jan 19, In California a Greyhound bus overturned on Hwy 101 in San Jose killing 2 women and sending at least eight other people to the hospital.
    (AP, 1/20/16)(SFC, 1/20/16, p.D1)
2016        Jan 19, Michigan Governor Rick Snyder, facing protests, lawsuits and calls for his resignation over drinking water contamination in Flint, apologized to the city's residents and called for the state to spend $28 million on fixes.
    (Reuters, 1/20/16)
2016        Jan 19, Azerbaijan’s parliament endorsed the central bank's initiative to introduce a 20-percent tax on foreign exchange taken out of the country for investment, securities, and real estate purchases. Violent clashes broke out this week between riot police and thousands of demonstrators who took to the streets in cities across the energy-rich Caspian nation to express their discontent against price hikes and unemployment.
    (AFP, 1/24/16)
2016        Jan 19, Amnesty International said cobalt mined dangerously by children in the Democratic Republic of Congo could end up in the lithium batteries of smartphones and electric cars made by Apple, Samsung or Sony.
    (AFP, 1/19/16)   
2016        Jan 19, Chinese President Xi Jinping arrived in Saudi Arabia, the first stop on a trip to raise the economic giant's political profile in a troubled Middle East.
    (AFP, 1/19/16)
2016        Jan 19, Cheikh Ould Saleck, a Mauritanian Al-Qaeda jihadist on death row until his escape on New Year's Eve, was re-arrested this evening after crossing the Guinea-Bissau border into Guinea.
    (AFP, 1/20/16)
2016        Jan 19, Representatives of Libya's rival factions, sitting in Tunis and negotiating through a UN-brokered process, announced that they have formed a unity government aimed at stemming the chaos that has engulfed the country in recent years.
    (AP, 1/19/16)
2016        Jan 19, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber blew himself up close to a police checkpoint, killing 11 people and wounding more than 20 on the outskirts of Peshawar. The Taliban claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 1/19/16)
2016        Jan 19, Russia said its air force has delivered more than 40 tons of humanitarian aid to areas of Syria which are blocked by “terrorists."
    (Reuters, 1/19/16)
2016        Jan 19, It was reported that at least 17 people have died of H1N1 swine flu in Russia since last month, as the virus appears to gain ground in the country.
    (AFP, 1/19/16)
2016        Jan 19, The UN said the number of civilians killed in violence in Iraq over the past two years is "staggering", with at least 18,802 people killed and another 36,245 injured. The figures count only documented casualties from January 1, 2014, through October 31, 2015, and the actual numbers were likely far higher.
    (AFP, 1/19/16)
2016        Jan 19, The UN said an estimated 3,500 people, mainly women and children, are being held as slaves in Iraq by Islamic State militants.
    (Reuters, 1/19/16)
2016        Jan 19, Vietnam said China has moved an oil rig into disputed waters in the South China Sea, in a possible repeat of a 2014 stand-off between the communist neighbors.
    (AP, 1/20/16)

2017        Jan 19, The Obama administration passed the Organic Livestock and Poultry Practices rule that required an increase in the amount of space required for livestock and poultry, provide more access to the outdoors and outlaw the use of subtherapeutic antibiotics. On Dec. 15 the Trump administration scrapped the rule.
    (SSFC, 12/24/17, p.L9)
2017        Jan 19, It was revealed that Steven Mnuchin, Pres.-elect Donald Trump’s pick to be Treasury secretary, failed to disclose nearly $100 million of his assets on Senate Finance Committee disclosure documents and failed to mention his role as a director of an investment fund located in a tax haven.
    (SFC, 1/20/17, p.A7)
2017        Jan 19, The documentary film “An Inconvenient Sequel: Truth to Power" premiered at the Sundance Film Festival. It was directed by Bonni Cohen and Jon Shenk and starred Al Gore, Barack Obama and Donald Trump.
    (http://tinyurl.com/mwd79dv)(Econ, 1/28/17, p.74)
2017        Jan 19, Miguel Ferrer (b.1955), film and TV star, died at his home in Santa Monica. His films included “Robocop" (1987). He was currently playing Assistant Director Owen Granger on the CBS series “NCIS: Los Angeles." Miguel was the son of Academy Award winner Jose Ferrer (1912-1992).
    (SSFC, 1/22/17, p.C15)
2017        Jan 19, In Hawaii four men and two women moved into a man-made dome for the next eight months as part of a human behavior study that could help NASA plan for sending astronauts on a mission to Mars.
    (SFC, 1/20/17, p.A7)
2017        Jan 19, Belgian media said a local court has handed out prison sentences of up to eight years for a group of 14 people convicted of falsifying documents used by Islamist militants in attacks in Paris and Brussels.
    (Reuters, 1/19/17)
2017        Jan 19, In Brazil images on Globo television showed prisoners at the Alcacuz Penitentiary in the yard, throwing rocks at each other and setting up barriers. Injured inmates could be seen being carried away.
    (AP, 1/19/17)
2017        Jan 19, In Brazil a plane crash killed Supreme Court Justice Teori Zavascki just weeks before he was scheduled to issue a ruling that could have revealed accusations against politicians in several Latin American countries. Four others were also killed. The crash was likely to delay, though not derail, the "Car Wash" investigation, the largest corruption investigation in Brazil's history.
    (AP, 1/20/17)(Econ, 1/28/17, p.30)
2017        Jan 19, In Bulgaria Rumen Radev took his oath of office as president, preparing the way for him to formally take over the post from Rosen Plevneliev on Jan 22.
    (AP, 1/19/17)
2017        Jan 19, The European Union said it has given Zambia about $69 million to expand electricity supply in the continent's second biggest copper producer, which faces a power deficit that has hit mining and agriculture.
    (Reuters, 1/19/17)
2017        Jan 19, In France it was announced that aircraft-engine company Safran has agreed to buy seat and cabin manufacturer Zodiac Aerospace in a deal worth 8.5 billion euros ($9.1 billion).
    (AP, 1/19/17)
2017        Jan 19, Gambian president-elect Adama Barrow was sworn in at the country's embassy in Senegal, as African troops massed at the border to force incumbent Yahya Jammeh to quit after his election defeat.
    (AFP, 1/19/17)
2017        Jan 19, German lawmakers legalized cannabis use for medical purposes for people with serious diseases such as certain cancers and multiple sclerosis.
    (AFP, 1/19/17)
2017        Jan 19, In northern India a truck loaded with sand collided with a school bus early today, killing at least 24 young children in Uttar Pradesh state.
    (AP, 1/19/17)
2017        Jan 19, In Iran at least 20 firefighters were reported killed when the 17-storey Plasco building, Tehran’s oldest high-rise, collapsed following a fire. Altogether at least 30 people were killed. Habibollah Elghanian, a prominent Iranian-Jewish businessman, had built the structure. He was arrested for ties to Israel and sentenced to death and executed after the 1979 Islamic revolution. On Jan 27 the final death toll was put at 26 including 16 firefighters.
    (AFP, 1/19/17)(Reuters, 1/20/17)(SFC, 1/20/17, p.A6)(SSFC, 1/22/17, p.A4)(AP, 1/27/17)
2017        Jan 19, University lecturers in Kenya began a strike over pay, joining doctors who walked out in early December, crippling the country's healthcare.
    (AFP, 1/19/17)
2017        Jan 19, A Kosovo court sentenced seven Albanian citizens on charges of terror, participating in terror groups and recruiting for Islamic terror groups in Syria. The defendants received prison sentences ranging from 2 ½ to 4 ½ years.
    (AP, 1/19/17)
2017        Jan 19, Mexican drug kingpin Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman was extradited to the US on charges he ran the world's largest drug-trafficking organization during a decades-long criminal career.
    (Reuters, 1/20/17)
2017        Jan 19, Police in southern Mexico found the dismembered bodies of a 2-year-old toddler and a woman in plastic bags in Chilpancingo, Guerrero state. Earlier this week the severed heads of six men were found in a plastic bag on the roof of a sport utility vehicle in Chilpancingo, with six headless bodies inside.
    (AP, 1/20/17)
2017        Jan 19, In Pakistan hardline religious protesters of Tehreek Labaik Ya Rasool Allah threw stones at supporters of five missing activists in Karachi, and demanded that police charge the missing men under a blasphemy law that carries a mandatory death sentence.
    (Reuters, 1/19/17)
2017        Jan 19, International aid workers opened a new desalination plant in the Gaza Strip, bringing some relief to a territory where 97 percent of the water is undrinkable. The plant will initially produce 6,000 cubic meters of water a day. In all, the population uses 150,000 cubic meters a day, most of it from a depleted coastal aquifer.
    (AP, 1/19/17)
2017        Jan 19, Poland's interior minister defended a decision to post photos of some anti-government protesters to illustrate the country's "zero tolerance for breaches of the law," but opposition lawmakers called it an act of "political revenge" intended to intimidate government critics.
    (AP, 1/19/17)
2017        Jan 19, Puerto Rico's governor reversed an order by the US territory's police chief that sought to greatly limit the release of public information about criminal cases.
    (AP, 1/19/17)
2017        Jan 19, In Saudi Arabia six British nationals were reported killed and several more injured in a road crash as they traveled to Medina.
    (AFP, 1/19/17)
2017        Jan 19, Slovenia said it will allow hunters to kill 93 brown bears and up to 8 wolves this year in order to keep those animal populations from growing. Last year hunters killed 83 bears and 4 wolves.
    (AP, 1/19/17)
2017        Jan 19, At Davos, Switzerland, PM Theresa May unveiled her vision for Britain after Brexit, describing its future role as a defender of free trade and globalization in a speech intended to ease concerns among the global business elite.
    (Reuters, 1/19/17)
2017        Jan 19, In Syria shells slammed into the city of Aleppo, killing two people as thousands of government supporters gathered in a main square nearby to celebrate last month's capture of the city's eastern neighborhoods from rebels. The Islamic State killed 12 people in Palmyra by shooting and beheading them.
    (AP, 1/19/17)(SFC, 1/20/17, p.A2)
2017        Jan 19, In Syria US warplanes bombed an al-Qaida training camp killing more than 100 militants in Idlib province.
    (SFC, 1/21/17, p.A6)
2017        Jan 19, Turkey’s government extended emergency for another three months.
    (Econ, 1/21/17, p.41)

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