Today in History - January 22

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1440        Jan 22, Ivan III (the Great), grand prince of Russia, czar from 1462-1505, was born. He conquered Lithuania.
    (HN, 1/22/99)(MC, 1/22/02)

1506        Jan 22, The Swiss Guard mercenaries, summoned by Pope Julius II to protect the pope and the Vatican, arrived in Rome. In 2006 Robert Royal authored “The Pope’s Army.”
    (USAT, 5/6/98, p.6A)(AP, 1/22/06)(WSJ, 4/14/06, p.W5)

1510        Jan 22, Jews were expelled from Colmar, Germany.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1528        Jan 22, England & France declared war on Emperor Charles V of Spain. The French army was later expelled from Naples and Genoa.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.13)(MC, 1/22/02)

1531        Jan 22, Andrea del Sarto (44), Italian painter, died.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1552        Jan 22, Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset, was beheaded for treason.
    (MC, 1/22/02)(MT, Fall 02, p.23)

1561        Jan 22, Sir Francis Bacon (e.1626), English philosopher, was born in London. He was a statesman and essayist. Educated at Cambridge, he served under Queen Elizabeth and King James I. “He wrote the “Essays” throughout his life and these are filled with pithy wisdom and homely charm. His “Advancement of Learning” and “Novum Organon” constitute his most important contribution to knowledge. He held for the inductive method of learning as opposed to the deductive method. The deductive method, according to Bacon, failed because the seeker after knowledge deduced from certain intuitive assumptions conclusions about the real world that might have been logically correct but were not true to nature. The inductive method succeeded because the student of nature ascended by what Bacon called a "ladder of intellect" from the most careful and indeed humble observations to general conclusions that had to be true because their foundation was experience. "If a man will begin in certainties he shall end in doubts; but if he will be content to begin in doubts he shall end in certainties." In 1998 Perez Zagorin published “Francis Bacon.”
    (V.D.-H.K.p.140)(AP, 5/1/98)(HN, 1/22/99)

1575        Jan 22, English queen Elizabeth I granted Thomas Tallis and William Byrd a music press monopoly.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1689        Jan 22, England's "Bloodless Revolution" reached its climax when parliament invited William and Mary to become joint sovereigns. A specially-called parliament declared that James had abdicated and offered the throne to William and Mary. In 1938 G.M. Trevelyan authored “The English Revolution.” In 2009 Steve Pincus authored “The First Modern Revolution.”
    (HN, 1/22/99)(HNQ, 12/28/00)(Econ, 10/17/09, p.97)

1775        Jan 22, Marshal Oscar von Lubomirski expelled Jews from Warsaw, Poland.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1788        Jan 22, George Gordon (d.1824), (6th Baron Byron) aka Lord Byron, English poet, was born with a deformed foot. His work included “Lara,” “Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage” and “Don Juan.” He died in Greece at Missolonghi on the gulf of Patras preparing to fight for Greek independence. In 1997 the biography: “Byron: The flawed Angel” by Phyllis Grosskurth was published.
    (WUD, 1994, p.204,917)(SFC, 6/9/97, p.D3)(SFEC, 11/15/98, Z1 p.10)(HN, 1/22/99)

1798        Jan 22, Lewis Morris (71), US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence), died.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1807        Jan 22, President Thomas Jefferson exposed a plot by Aaron Burr to form a new republic in the Southwest.
    (HN, 1/22/99)

1813        Jan 22, During the War of 1812, British forces under Henry Proctor along with Indian allies under Tecumseh defeated a U.S. contingent planning an attack on Fort Detroit.
    (HN, 1/22/99)(AM, 7/00, p.19)
1813        Jan 22, A combined British and Indian force attacked an American militia retreating from Detroit near Frenchtown, later known as Monroe, Mich. Only 33 men of some 700 men escaped the battle of the River Raisin. Over 400 Kentucky frontiersmen were killed.
    (Arch, 9/04, p.22)(www.kdla.ky.gov/resources/KY_BRR.htm)

1824        Jan 22, A British force was wiped out by an Asante army under Osei Bonsu on the African Gold Coast. This was the first defeat for a colonial power.
    (HN, 1/22/99)

1837        Jan 22, An earthquake in southern Syria killed thousands.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1859        Jan 22, Brahms' 1st piano concerto (in D minor) premiered in Hanover.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1862        Jan 22, Confederate government raised the premium for volunteers from $10 to $20.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1863        Jan 22, In an attempt to out flank Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, General Ambrose Burnside led his army on a march north Fredericksburg, but foul weather bogged his army down in what became known as "Mud March."
    (HN, 1/22/99)
1863        Jan 22, The interim Lithuanian government in Warsaw announced an uprising against Russian rule. The uprising aspired to restore the Polish-Lithuanian state and was supported by large numbers of peasants.
    (DrEE, 9/14/96, p.4)(LHC, 1/22/03)

1871        Jan 22, The Paris proletariat and the National Guards held a revolutionary demonstration, initiated by the Blanquists. They demanded the overthrow of the government and the establishment of a Commune. By order of the Government of National Defense, the Breton Mobile Guard, which was defending the Hotel de Ville, opened fire on the demonstrators. After massacring the unarmed workers, the government began preparations to surrender Paris.
    (www.marxists.org/history/france/paris-commune/timeline.htm)

1874        Jan 22, D.W. [David Wark] Griffith, U.S. film director, was born. He was the most influential figure in early film history,  and made "The Birth of A Nation" and "Intolerance."
    (HN, 1/22/99)

1877        Jan 22, Hjalmar Horace Greely Schacht, president of German Reichsbank, minister of Economics, was born.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1879        Jan 22, In South Africa battles at Isandlwana Zulu impis or regiments armed with spears and shields killed around 1,300 British troops bearing rifles. Private Samuel Wassall lived through the battle and was awarded the Victoria Cross along with 14 others.
    (AFP, 2/5/07)(Econ, 2/10/07, p.91)
1879        Jan 22-24, Eighty-two British soldiers with rifles held off attacks by 4,000 Zulu warriors with spears at the Battle of Rorke's Drift in South Africa. A large British troop had just been massacred prior to this battle. The 1964 film “Zulu” was based on this event.
    (HC, 4/9/98)(HN, 1/22/00)

1881        Jan 22, Ancient Egyptian obelisk, "Cleopatra's Needle," was erected in Central Park.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1890        Jan 22, Fred Vinson, 13th Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1946-1953), was born.
    (HN, 1/22/99)
1890        Jan 22, Jose Marti formed La Liga (Union of Cuban exiles) in NYC.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1897        Jan 22, Rosa Ponselle, opera diva (Norma, La Forza del Destino), was born.
    (MC, 1/22/02)
1897        Jan 22, Eighty-two British soldiers held off attacks by 4,000 Zulu warriors at the Battle of Rorke's Drift in South Africa.
    (HN, 1/22/99)

1901        Jan 22, Britain's Queen Victoria died at age 82. She was the monarch of Great Britain and Ireland and Empress of India, and died after presiding over her vast empire for nearly 64 years--the longest reign in British history. Born in 1819, the only child of George III's fourth son, Victoria became queen in 1837. In 1840, she married Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. Although the match was a political one, the two were devoted to each other, having nine children before Albert's death in 1861. Through dynastic marriages, Victoria's descendants are connected to almost all 20th-century Europe's royal houses. During Victoria's long reign the monarchy lost much of its political power to Parliament, but she was the beloved symbol of the Victorian Era--a golden age of British history. In 2000 Christopher Hibbert authored “Queen Victoria: A Personal History.”
    (AP, 1/22/98)(HNPD, 1/22/99)(WSJ, 12/29/00, p.W6)
1901        Jan 22, After 63 years England stopped the sale of Queen Victoria postage stamps series & began the King Edward VII series.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1904        Jan 22, George Balanchine, composer, choreographer, was born. [see Jan 9]
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1905        Jan 22, (New Style calendar) On what would become known as “Bloody Sunday,” Russian Orthodox Father George Gapon led a procession in St. Petersburg of some 200,000 who were marching on the Winter Palace to present their grievances to Czar Nicholas. Troops on the scene panicked, firing into the crowd and killing hundreds, thus igniting the Revolution of 1905. Across Russia, government officials were attacked, peasants seized private estates and workers’ strikes virtually paralyzed the economy. In St. Petersburg, a council (soviet) of workers’ delegates threatened to take over the government.  Nicholas consented to the adoption of a constitution and election of a parliament (Duma). The first Duma met in 1906. [see Jan 9]
    (SFC, 9/28/99, p.A27)(HNQ, 10/1/00)(AP, 1/22/07)

1906        Jan 22, Willa Brown-Chappell, pioneering aviator, was born.
    (HN, 1/22/99)

1907        Jan 22, The Richard Strauss opera "Salome" made its American debut at the Metropolitan Opera in NYC; its racy content (including the Dance of the Seven Veils) sparked outrage.
    (AP, 1/22/07)

1908        Jan 22, Katie Mulcahey became the first woman to run afoul of New York City's just-passed ban on females smoking in public. Declaring, "No man shall dictate to me," Mulcahey served a night in jail after being unable to pay a $5 fine.
    (AP, 1/22/08)

1909        Jan 22, Hariette Lake (aka Ann Sothern, d. 2001), film and TV actress, was born in Valley City, North Dakota.
    (SFC, 3/17/01, p.A23)
1909        Jan 22, U Thant, Secretary General of United Nations General Assembly (1962-1972), was born in Burma. He played a major role in the Cuban crisis.
    (HN, 1/22/99)(MC, 1/22/02)

1911        Jan 22, Bruno Kreisky, bandleader, chancellor (1970-83), was born in Austria.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1912        Jan 22, Second Monte-Carlo auto race began.
    (HN, 1/22/99)

1913        Jan 22, Turkey consented to the Balkan peace terms and gave up Adrianople.
    (HN, 1/22/99)

1917        Jan 22, President Wilson pleaded for an end to war in Europe, calling for "peace without victory." By April, however, America was also at war.
    (AP, 1/22/98)

1920        Jan 22, William Warfield, singer (Show Boat), was born.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1922        Jan 22, Jean-Pierre Rampal (d.5/20/2000), flautist, was born in Marseilles France.
    (Internet)
1922        Jan 22, James Bryce (b.1838), 1st Viscount Bryce, British jurist, historian and politician, died. He had served as ambassador to the United States from 1907 to 1913. His books included “The American Commonwealth,” a classic study of the US Constitution.
    (www.britannica.com/eb/article-9017827/James-Bryce-Viscount-Bryce)
1922        Jan 22, Pope Benedict XV died; he was succeeded by Pius XI.
    (AP, 1/22/98)

1924        Jan 22, J.J. Johnson, composer, jazz trombonist, was born.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1930        Jan 22, Adm. Richard Byrd charted a vast area of Antarctica.
    (HN, 1/22/99)

1932        Jan 22, Pablo Picasso painted “Repose.”
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.E5)
1932        Jan 22, British Anglicans merged with the Old-Catholic church.
    (MC, 1/22/02)
1932        Jan 22, Government troops crushed a Communist uprising in Northern Spain.
    (HN, 1/22/99)

1934        Jan 22, Bill Bixby, actor (Incredible Hulk, My Favorite Martian), was born in SF, Calif.
    (MC, 1/22/02)
1934        Jan 22, In Tucson, Arizona, a fire broke out at the Hotel Congress, where members of the Dillinger gang were staying. Firefighters salvaged baggage belonging to the gang and the next day one of the firefighters spotted one the gang’s mug shots in an issue of True Detective magazine. Within a few days 5 members of the Dillinger gang were arrested including John Dillinger and girlfriend Evelyn Frechette. In 2009 Elliot Gorn authored “Dillinger’s Wild Ride: The Year That Made America’s Public Enemy Number One.”
    (SFC, 7/1/09, p.E3)
1934        Jan 22, Dmitri Shostakovich premiered his 1932 opera: “Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District,” in Leningrad.
    (WSJ, 5/7/02, p.D7)(WSJ, 5/2/03, p.W6)

1936        Jan 22, In San Francisco 5 Filipino men appeared before a municipal judge on vagrancy charges and admitted to intermingling with white girls. Police chief Quinn instructed police officers to take into custody all white girls seen with Filipinos, together with their escorts.
    (SSFC, 1/23/11, DB p.42)

1937        Jan 22, In San Francisco riots between longshoremen factions surged through the financial district. 33 men were sent to jail and 4 to the hospital. This was the first major disturbance in the 85-day-old maritime strike.
    (SSFC, 1/22/12, DB p.42)

1938        Jan 22, Thornton Wilder's play "Our Town," a portrait of small-town life in Grover's Corners, NH, was performed publicly for the first time, in Princeton, N.J. It opened on Broadway on Feb 4.
    (AP, 2/4/97)(AP, 1/22/98)

1939        Jan 22, A Nazi order erased the old officer caste, tying the army directly to the Party.
    (HN, 1/22/99)

1941        Jan 22, British and Australian troops captured Tobruk from Italians.
    (MC, 1/22/02)
1941        Jan 22, The 1st mass killing of Jews took place in Romania. [see Jan 9]
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1943        Jan 22, Battle of Anzio: Italy.
    (MC, 1/22/02)
1943        Jan 22, Axis forces pulled out of Tripoli for Tunisia, and destroyed bases as they left.
    (HN, 1/22/99)

1944        Jan 22, US troops under Major General John P. Lucas made an amphibious landing behind German lines at Anzio, Italy, just south of Rome. Major General Lucas commanded Operation Shingle, a surprise landing behind German lines in Italy. General Lucas harbored grave doubts about the chances for success in this, the most daring operation of the Italian campaign. The seaborne operation was planned as a way of outflanking German strength on Italy’s Gustav Line and swiftly capturing Rome, but almost nothing went according to plan.
    (HNQ, 4/4/01)(AP, 1/22/08)

1945        Jan 22, There was a heavy US air raid on Okinawa.
    (MC, 1/22/02)
1945        Jan 22, The Burma highway reopened.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1946        Jan 22, President Truman set up the Central Intelligence Group. In late 1945 he had coordinated various intelligence reform plans considered in the drafting of the directive that created the CIG. In 1947 it was re-named the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
    (http://tinyurl.com/l3go2n)

1949        Jan 22, Police broke into Rm. 203 of the Mark Twain Hotel in San Francisco and arrested Billie Holiday (1915-1959) and her manager, John Levy, on charges of possession of opium. Her defense attorney, Jake Erlich, fingered Levy as an informer and persuaded the jury to return a verdict of not guilty.
    (SFC, 5/19/96, DB, p.39)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billie_Holiday)

1951        Jan 22, Fidel Castro, as a baseball pitcher, was ejected from a Winter League game after beaning a batter.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1953        Jan 22, The Arthur Miller drama "The Crucible" opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 1/22/98)

1957        Jan 22, Suspected "Mad Bomber" George P. Metesky, accused of planting more than 30 explosive devices in the New York City area, was arrested in Waterbury, Conn. He was later found mentally ill and committed to a mental hospital; he was released in 1973, and died in 1994 at age 90.
    (AP, 1/22/98)(AP, 1/22/04)
1957        Jan 22, Israel completed its evacuation of Egyptian territory, excepting the Gaza Strip and the area of Aqaba.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1242)

1959        Jan 22, USAF concluded that less than 1% of UFO's are unknown objects.
    (MC, 1/22/02)
1959        Jan 22, The Adolph Coors Co. of Golden, Colombia, introduced the aluminum beer can.
    (www.rockymountainnews.com/news/2009/jan/22/a-golden-milestone/)

1960        Jan 22, The Johnburg coal mine caved in and 417 die.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1961        Jan 22, A Portuguese ocean liner, the “Santa Maria,” was hijacked in the Caribbean with some 600 passengers aboard; the drama ended eleven days later when the ship docked in Brazil.
    (AP, 1/22/01)

1963        Jan 22, Gen. Charles de Gaulle and German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer signed the Franco-German "reconciliation treaty."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/France%E2%80%93Germany_relations)(SFC, 12/25/99, p.B4)

1964        Jan 22, World's largest cheese (15,723 kg) was manufactured in Wisconsin.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1968        Jan 22, The TV variety show "Laugh In" began on NBC with comedians Dan Rowan and Dick Martin. It continued running to May 14, 1973.
    (SFC, 9/24/96, p.B2)(AP, 1/22/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rowan_&_Martin%27s_Laugh-In)
1968        Jan 22, The off Broadway show "Jacques Brel Is Alive and Well and Living in Paris" premiered at the Village Gate Theater. A film version was produced in 1975. Brel (1929-1978), a Belgian singer, was later buried in the Marquesas Island of Hiva Oa, in the same cemetery as Paul Gauguin.
    (www.talkinbroadway.com/regional/sfla/sfla176.html)
1968        Jan 22, Apollo 5 was launched to the Moon from Cape Canaveral, Florida.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_5)

1969        Jan 22, In Massachusetts Francis Sargent (1915-1998) became governor after John Volpe was made transportation secretary in the Nixon administration.
    (SFC, 10/24/98, p.A22)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_W._Sargent)

1971        Jan 22, Communist forces shelled Phnom Penh, Cambodia for the first time.
    (HN, 1/22/99)

1972        Jan 22, The TV series "Emergency" began with Julie London and Bobby Troup. It ran until 1977.
    (SFC, 10/19/00, p.A29)(www.fancast.com/tv/Emergency!/8541/synopsis)
1972        Jan 22, Britain, Denmark, Ireland and Norway joined the European Economic Community.
    (AP, 1/22/02)

1973        Jan 22, The Supreme Court in a 7-2 ruling handed down its Roe vs. Wade decision, which legalized abortion, using a trimester approach. The court ruled that a woman's right to privacy encompasses her decision to terminate a pregnancy. Norma McCorvey, the anonymous Jane Roe, revealed her identity in 1989. She ended up having her 3rd baby that was the initial focus of the issue.
    (HFA, '96, p.22)(AP, 1/22/98)(SFC, 1/28/98, p.E1)(SFC, 3/5/99, p.A15)(NW, 6/30/03, p.44)
1973        Jan 22, Former President Lyndon B. Johnson (1963-1969) died at his Texas ranch at age 64. Robert Dallek in 1998 published the biography “Flawed Giant.”
    (SFC, 7/19/97, p.A6)(AP, 1/22/98)(SFC, 3/16/98, p.A2)

1975        Jan 22, The US Supreme Court in the Goss vs. Lopez case ruled that students had the right to due process, informal hearings were considered sufficient, when threatened with suspension of more than 10 days.
    (WSJ, 5/4/99, p.A22)(www.acluprocon.org/SupCtCases/266Goss.html)

1976        Jan 22, A PLO bank robbery in Beirut netted a world record $20-50 million.
    (www.lebaneseforces.com/blastfromthepast001.asp)

1979        Jan 22, Abu Hassan (Ali Hassan Salameh), the alleged planner of the 1972 Munich raid, was killed by a bomb in Beirut. He was the chief of operations for the Black September militant Palestinian group. Erica Chambers, a British passport holder, recruited by Mossad, triggered the huge car bomb. 
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ali_Hassan_Salameh)(HN,1/22/99)(Econ, 6/7/14, p.88)

1980        Jan 22, Russian dissidents Andrei Sakharov and Jelena Bonner were banished.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1982        Jan 22, President Reagan formally linked progress in arms control to Soviet repression in Poland.
    (HN, 1/22/99)
1982        Jan 22, Eduardo Frei Montalva (b.1911), former Chilean President (1964-1970), died from septic shock as he recovered from stomach surgery at a Santiago clinic. In 2007 his family filed a court complaint claiming that Frei had been assassinated by poisoning after a Belgian university investigation found mustard gas in the body of the former Christian Democratic leader. In 2009 a Chilean judge ruled that Montalva was assassinated and that his killing was covered up by people linked to the dictatorship of Gen. Pinochet. Six people were charged in the case.
    (AP, 1/24/07)(AP, 12/7/09)

1985        Jan 22, A cold wave damaged 90% of Florida's citrus crop.
    (http://prop1.org/inaugur/85reagan/850122in.htm)

1986        Jan 22, The body of Yvonne Coleman (15) was found in a park in Inglewood, California. In 2008 DNA evidence linked Michael Hughes (51), already in jail for 4 other murders (1992-1993), to her murder and 3 others. In 2011 Hughes, a former security guard dubbed the “Southside Slayer,” was found guilty of strangling three more victims in a series of attacks that stretched over a decade.
    (SFC, 7/4/08, p.B6)(SFC, 11/4/11, p.C5)

1987        Jan 22, R. Budd Dwyer, Penn. State Treasurer, facing prison for conspiracy & perjury, shot himself to death at a televised news conference.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R._Budd_Dwyer)
1987        Jan 22, France named Manuel Noriega, head of Panama, a Commander of the Legion of Honor (Legion d’Honneur).
    (http://watchingamerica.com/europe1000001.shtml)

1988        Jan 22, A US federal appeals court ruled that court appointment of independent counsels to investigate allegations of wrongdoing by high-ranking government officials was unconstitutional; however, the Supreme Court upheld the law the following June.
    (AP, 1/22/98)

1989        Jan 22, In Super Bowl XXXIII, the San Francisco 49ers came from behind to defeat the Cincinnati Bengals 20-to-16 in Miami's Joe Robbie Stadium. Joe Montana rifled a 10-yard touchdown pass to John Taylor with just 34 seconds left in the game to win.
    (AP, 1/22/99)(SSFC, 1/19/14, DB p.42)

1990        Jan 22, SF Giant’s first baseman Will Clark became the baseball’s highest paid player as he signed a 4-year contract for $15 million.
    (SSFC, 1/18/15, DB p.46)
1990        Jan 22, A jury in Syracuse, N.Y., convicted graduate student Robert T. Morris of federal computer tampering charges for unleashing a "worm" that crippled a computer network.
    (AP, 1/22/00)
1990        Jan 22, Roman Vishniac (b.1897), Russian-American street photographer, died in NYC. He is best known for capturing on film the culture of Jews in Central and Eastern Europe before the Holocaust.
    (Econ, 1/26/13, p.76)
1990        Jan 22, Up to 2 million Azerbaijanis marched through the republic's capital to mourn those killed when Soviet troops put down a nationalist revolt.
    (AP, 1/22/00)

1991        Jan 22, During the Gulf War, Iraq fired six Scud missiles into Saudi Arabia; all were either intercepted, or fell into unpopulated areas. However, in Tel Aviv, a Scud eluded the Patriot missile defense system and struck the city, resulting in three deaths.
    (AP, 1/22/01)

1992        Jan 22, President Bush named Andrew H. Card Jr. to be transportation secretary.
    (AP, 1/22/02)
1992        Jan 22-30, The space shuttle Discovery blasted off with seven astronauts. Roberta Bondar was the first Canadian woman in space. She rode the shuttle Discovery and performed life and material-science experiments.
    (USAT, 7/26/99, p.14A)(AP, 1/22/02)

1993        Jan 22, President Clinton resumed his search for an attorney general, following the early-morning withdrawal of nominee Zoe Baird in the face of a complaints over her hiring of illegal aliens. Clinton reversed the federal policy barring the mention of abortion by doctors in federally financed institutions.
    (AP, 1/22/98)(SFC, 9/13/01, p.C7)
1993        Jan 22, On the 20th anniversary of the Roe vs. Wade decision, President Clinton lifted a series of abortion restrictions imposed by his Republican predecessors.
    (AP, 1/22/98)

1994        Jan 22, "Schindler's List," Steven Spielberg's drama about the Holocaust, won Golden Globes for best dramatic picture and best director.
    (AP, 1/22/99)
1994        Jan 22, Jean-Louis Barrault (83), French actor (La Ronde), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Louis_Barrault)
1994        Jan 22, Actor Telly Savalas died in Universal City, Calif., a day after turning 70.
    (AP, 1/22/99)

1995        Jan 22, The Macedonia Baptist Church in Manning, S.C., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun. Four Klansmen were later arrested and convicted.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)(SFEC, 7/21/98, p.A3)
1995        Jan 22, Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy died at the family compound in Hyannis Port, Mass., at age 104.
    (AP, 1/22/98)
1995        Jan 22, Two Palestinians blew themselves up at Beit Lid junction in central Israel and killed 21 Israelis. Dozens of others were injured and the Islamic Jihad took responsibility.
    (WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A-15)(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)(AP, 1/22/00)

1996        Jan 22, Clinton declared Pennsylvania a disaster area after floods on the Susquehanna and other rivers killed 8 and forced a 100,000 people to leave their homes.
    (WSJ, 1/22/96, p.A-1)
1996        Jan 22, The White House announced that First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton had been subpoenaed by the Whitewater special prosecutor to testify before a grand jury investigating the mysterious discovery of her law firm billing records in the White House residence.
    (AP, 1/22/01)
1996        Jan 22, O.J. Simpson testified for the first time since the killings of his ex-wife Nicole and her friend, Ronald Goldman, as he gave a videotaped deposition for a wrongful death lawsuit.
    (AP, 1/22/01)

1997        Jan 22, The US Senate confirmed Madeleine Albright as secretary of state, the first woman to hold that office. William Cohen, a Republican, was ratified as secretary of defense.
    (SFC, 1/23/97, p.A3) (AP, 1/22/98)
1997        Jan 22, A jury in Florida ruled that Owens-Corning Fiberglass Co. must pay $31 million to a Mississippi man dying of cancer from exposure to asbestos.
    (SFC, 1/23/97, p.A3)
1997        Jan 22, Canada and Cuba announced a 14-point agreement. They pledged cooperation on human rights and sought to shield foreign investors targeted for punishment by Washington.
    (SFC, 1/23/97, p.A8)
1997        Jan 22, In Rwanda gunmen killed at least 20 civilians. In Kigali a special court sentenced 2 Hutu men to be executed for their roles in the 1994 mass killings.
    (WSJ, 1/23/97, p.A12)

1998        Jan 22, Theodore J. Kaczynski pleaded guilty in Sacramento, Calif., to the Unabomber killings in return for a sentence of life in prison without parole. In Dec. co-authors Chris Waits and Dave Shors published “Unabomber: The Secret Life of Ted Kaczynski. His 25 Years in Montana.”
    (SFC, 1/22/98, p.A1)(AP, 1/22/99)
1998        Jan 22, Microsoft under court pressure signed an agreement giving PC makers the freedom to install Windows 95 without an Internet Explorer icon.
    (WSJ, 11/8/99, p.A30)
1998        Jan 22, The Endeavour space shuttle shot up on its way to meet with the Mir space station. Astronaut Andrew Thomas traded places with David Wolf for a 4-month stint.
    (SFC, 1/23/98, p.A5)
1998         Jan 22, Goran Jelisic (29) was detained by UN peace troops in Bijeljina. An indictment against him held that he commanded the Luka prisoner camp in Brcko in May 1992 and killed 16 Muslims, and that he was responsible for the deaths of countless detainees. In 1999, he was found guilty on all counts of crimes against humanity and violating the customs of war. He was acquitted on the charge of genocide as the court did not believe the prosecution had proved this beyond reasonable doubt. On May 29, 2003, Jelisić was transferred to Italy to serve the remainder of his sentence with credit for time served since his arrest.
    (SFC, 1/22/98, p.E2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goran_Jelisi%C4%87)
1998        Jan 22, On the first full day of his visit to Cuba, Pope John Paul II celebrated Mass, preaching the message, "Be not afraid."
    (AP, 1/22/99)
1998        Jan 22, In Pristina, Serbia, ethnic Albanians clashed with Serbian police. There was one death and 2 were injured.
    (SFC, 1/24/98, p.A10)

1999        Jan 22, Sen. Robert C. Byrd, D-WVa, abruptly called for dismissal of charges against President Clinton to "end this sad and sorry time for our country." President Clinton called for spending $2.8 billion to protect the nation from cyber terrorism and chemical and germ warfare.
    (AP, 1/22/00)
1999        Jan 22, More twisters hit the South and 3 more people were killed in Arkansas and one in Tennessee. The 100 year-old Quapaw district of Little Rock was hit hard as was the historic district of Clarksville, Tenn.
    (SFC, 1/23/99, p.A3)(WSJ, 1/25/99, p.A1)
1999        Jan 22, Charles Brown, blues legend, died in Oakland at age 78.
    (SFC, 1/23/99, p.A1)
1999        Jan 22, Pope John Paul II began a 5-day pilgrimage to Mexico and St. Louis. He was greeted by Pres. Zedillo some 2 dozen official sponsors who would help defray the $2 million costs of the 4-day visit.
    (SFC, 1/22/99, p.A1)(SFC, 1/23/99, p.A10)
1999        Jan 22, A 2nd member of the Int'l. Olympic Commission resigned as part of the bribery scandal on the 2002 Winter Games in Salt Lake City.
    (SFC, 1/23/99, p.A1)
1999        Jan 22, The International Monetary Fund (IMF) determined that members having more than 85% of the total of Fund quotas have consented to increases in their quotas under the Eleventh General Review of Quotas.
    {IMF}
    (www.imf.org/external/np/sec/pr/1999/pr9904.htm)
1999        Jan 22, In Argentina a federal judge indicted 7 former military officials for the disappearances of over 200 babies during the 1976-1983 dictatorship.
    (SFC, 1/23/99, p.C1)
1999        Jan 22, In Beijing telecommunications authorities issued a circular clamping down on the use of phone lines for telephone sex.
    (SFC, 1/25/99, p.A7)
1999        Jan 22, In eastern Congo government and rebel authorities accepted UN care for hundreds of thousands displaced by war.
    (SFC, 1/23/99, p.A11)
1999        Jan 22, France convicted 107 people for supporting insurgents in Algeria.
    (SFC, 1/23/99, p.C1)
1999        Jan 22, In Manoharpur, India, Graham Stewart Staines (58), an Australian missionary, and his 2 sons (10 & 8) were burned to death by activists of the radical Bajrang Dal. Dara Singh led some 30 men in the attack. Singh was captured in Jan 2000. In 2003 Mahendra Hembram (23), a security guard, stood by the statement he gave in a lower court in 2002 that he burned the missionary's jeep, killing the missionary and young sons as they slept. In 2003 13 men were convicted for the murders. A trial court later sentenced Dara Singh to death but in 2011 it was reduced to life in prison on appeal.
    (SFEC, 1/24/99, p.A14)(SFC, 2/2/00, p.A17)(AP, 3/24/03)(AP, 9/15/03)(AP, 1/21/11)
1999        Jan 22, In Indonesia order was restored on the island of Ambon after 45 people died in 4 days of rioting.
    (SFC, 1/23/99, p.A10)
1999        Jan 22, In Jordon King Hussein informed his brother Hassan that he would be removed as successor and would be appointed as a deputy. Hussein desired to move his own sons in line for the Crown.
    (SFC, 1/23/99, p.A10)
1999        Jan 22, In Mongolia the parliament repealed its law authorizing casinos.
    (WSJ, 1/25/99, p.A18)
1999        Jan 22, In Romania miners halted a violent strike after reaching a settlement with Prime Minister Rady Vasile.
    (SFC, 1/23/99, p.C1)

2000        Jan 22, Elian Gonzalez’s grandmothers met privately with US Attorney General Janet Reno as they appealed for help in removing the boy from his Florida relatives and reuniting him with his father in Cuba.
    (AP, 1/22/01)
2000        Jan 22, Food writer Craig Claiborne died at a New York hospital at age 79.
    (AP, 1/22/01)
2000        Jan 22, In Chechnya Russian forces claimed control over a third of Grozny. Russian commander Viktor Kazantsev said Pres. Aslan Maskhadov was wounded in fighting in the Argun Gorge.
    (SFEC, 1/23/00, p.A27)
2000        Jan 22, In Ecuador Vice President Gustavo Noboa took over as president under int'l. pressure against the civilian-military junta.
    (SFEC, 1/23/00, p.A21)
2000        Jan 22, In Turkey the body of Konca Kuris, described as a Muslim feminist, was exhumed in Konya, 220 miles northwest of Mersin. Her body was one of 33 found at properties used by Hezbollah, a radical group dedicated to overthrowing the Turkish state and establishing an Islamic republic.
    (SFC, 1/26/00, p.A9)

2001        Jan 22, Pres. Bush banned US funding for overseas abortion counseling. On the anniversary of the Supreme Court decision legalizing abortion, Bush signed a memorandum reinstating full abortion restrictions on U.S. overseas aid.
    (SFC, 1/23/01, p.A1)(AP, 1/22/02)
2001        Jan 22, US police in Colorado caught 4 escaped Texas convicts. A 5th committed suicide. The 2 at large were caught a day later.
    (SFC, 1/23/01, p.A3)(SFC, 1/24/01, p.A2)
2001        Jan 22, In Britain the House of Lords passed legislation that effectively legalized the creation of cloned human embryos.
    (SFC, 1/23/01, p.A12)
2001        Jan 22, Israeli and Palestinian negotiators met in Taba, Egypt.
    (SFC, 1/23/01, p.A12)
2001        Jan 22, In Japan Fukushiro Nukaga, economics minister, resigned in a bribery scandal and was succeeded by Taro Aso.
    (WSJ, 1/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 22, In Russia Pres. Putin put his domestic security agency in charge of the war effort in Chechnya.
    (SFC, 1/23/01, p.C3)

2002        Jan 22, Kmart Corp., the discount chain that gave America the BlueLight Special, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
    (AP, 1/22/07)
2002        Jan 22, Stanley Marcus (b.1905), former president and chairman of the Texas based Nieman Marcus department store chain, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanley_Marcus)
2002        Jan 22, Jack Shea (91), a gold medal-winning speedskater and patriarch of the nation's first family with three generations of Olympians, died in Lake Placid, N.Y., of injuries suffered in a car accident.
    (AP, 1/22/03)
2002        Jan 22, US officials reported that Ibn al-Shaykh al-Libi, a former head of al Qaeda training in Afghanistan, had provided information on an alleged plot to blow up the US Embassy in Yemen a week earlier.
    (SFC, 1/23/02, p.A9)
2002        Jan 22, The Burmese army was charged by Amnesty Int’l. of killing and torturing hundreds of ethnic Shan villagers. Some 300,000 Shan villagers have been forced to flee their homes in the past 2 years.
    (SFC, 1/23/02, p.A6)
2002        Jan 22, At least 4 police officers were killed when 2 gunmen opened fired at the American Center in Calcutta. 19 people were wounded. 3 Bangladeshis and 3 teachers from an Islamic school were later arrested and charged with murder. Gangster Aftab Ansari was later arrested in Dubai and said his motive was to punish police for killing his friend, Asif Raza Khan, last year. Harkat-ul Jihadi-e-Islami (HUJEI) was later implicated. In 2005 7 people were sentenced to death for the killings.
    (SFC, 1/22/02, p.A8)(SFC, 1/23/02, p.A4)(SFC, 1/24/02, p.A7)(SSFC, 2/10/02, p.A14)(SFC, 2/15/02, p.A20)(AP, 4/27/05)
2002        Jan 22, In Indonesia troops shot and killed Abdullah Syafei, commander of the Free Aceh Movement.
    (SFC, 1/24/02, p.A8)
2002        Jan 22, Israeli troops killed 4 Hamas militants in Nablus. Yousef Soragji (42), mastermind of several suicide bombings, was among the dead.
    (SFC, 1/23/02, p.A6)(SFC, 1/24/02, p.A7)
2002        Jan 22, In Israel a Palestinian gunman killed 2 women in Jerusalem and wounded 14 others before he was killed by police.
    (SFC, 1/23/02, p.A1)
2002        Jan 22, Pres. Putin said that Russian fitness and sports infrastructure had so declined in the last decade that only 1 in 10 citizens exercise of play sports.
    (SSFC, 2/10/02, p.A13)

2003        Jan 22, Opponents and supporters of abortion rights rallied on the 30th anniversary of the Supreme Court's Roe v. Wade ruling.
    (AP, 1/22/04)
2003        Jan 22, Maryland's new governor, Robert Ehrlich, declared an end to a moratorium on executions instituted by Gov. Glendening.
    (WSJ, 1/23/03, p.A1)(SFC, 1/31/03, p.A9)
2003        Jan 22, Bill Maudlin (b.1921), WW-II era cartoonist, died in Newport Beach, Ca. In 1945 he won a Pulitzer Prize for his war cartoons and authored "Up Front," a collection of cartoons and an essay on war. A 2nd Pulitzer followed in 1958. He was inducted into the St. Louis Walk of Fame on May 19, 1991. In 2008 Todd DePastino authored “Bill Maudlin: A Life Up Front.” On March 31, 2010, the US Post Office released a first-class denomination ($.44) postage stamp in Mauldin's honor depicting him with WWII characters Willie & Joe.
    (SFC, 1/23/03, p.A2)(WS, 2/22/08, p.W6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Mauldin)
2003        Jan 22, In Colombia ELN rebels kidnapped Scott Dalton, photographer and native of Conroe, Texas; and Ruth Morris, a British reporter in Arauca state. They were released Feb 1.
    (AP, 1/23/03)(AP, 2/1/03)
2003        Jan 22, France and Germany joined forces to prevent any U.S.-led war on Iraq. Countering blunt talk of war by the Bush administration, France and Germany defiantly stated they were committed to a peaceful solution to the Iraq crisis.
    (Reuters, 1/22/03)(AP, 1/22/04)
2003        Jan 22, In the Netherlands voters rejected an anti-immigration party and gave 44 seats to the Christian Democrats and 42 to the Labor party.
    (SFC, 1/23/03, p.A10)

2004        Jan 22, US Congress approved an $820 billion spending bill. It included a labeling law for the seafood industry for "country of origin."
    (SFC, 1/23/04, p.A3)(SFC, 2/4/04, p.A1)
2004        Jan 22, South Dakota politician Bill Janklow was sentenced to 100 days in jail for an auto accident that killed a motorcyclist and ended Janklow's career in disgrace.
    (AP, 1/22/05)
2004        Jan 22, Enron Corporation's former top accountant, Richard Causey, surrendered to federal authorities; he pleaded innocent to conspiracy and fraud charges.
    (AP, 1/22/05)
2004        Jan 22, It was reported that Kodak, headquartered in Rochester, NY, planned to cut its work force by as much as 21% by the end of 2006.
    (WSJ, 1/22/04, p.A1)
2004        Jan 22, NASA said it lost contact with the Mars spirit rover.
    (WSJ, 1/23/04, p.A1)
2004        Jan 22, Ann Miller (81), tap dancing film actress, died in Los Angeles.
    (SFC, 1/23/04, p.A2)(AP, 1/22/05)
2004        Jan 22, In Cambodia gunmen assassinated Chea Vichea, a prominent labor leader linked to the main opposition party, as he read a newspaper on a capital street.
    (AP, 1/22/04)
2004        Jan 22, The Chinese New Year (Lunar Year 4702) ushered in the Year of the Monkey. In Korea the event is called Solnal and in Vietnam it is called Tet. The Chinese New Year marked a traditional time of settling debts. Migrant workers in the Chinese construction industry were reportedly owed over $40 billion in back pay.
    (WSJ, 1/19/04, p.A1)(SFC, 1/22/04, p.A1)
2004        Jan 22, In Iraq gunmen firing from a van killed two Iraqi policemen and wounded three others in an attack on a checkpoint between Fallujah and Ramadi.
    (AP, 1/22/04)
2004        Jan 22, Israeli soldiers shot and killed a 14-year-old Palestinian boy as he and six other unarmed teenagers tried to sneak from the Gaza Strip into Israel.
    (AP, 1/22/04)
2004        Jan 22, A Philippine tribunal ordered the immediate transfer to the government of $683 million in illegally accumulated funds from Swiss bank accounts of former dictator Ferdinand Marcos.
    (AP, 1/22/04)
2004        Jan 22, In Tanzania Judge William Sekule said the tribunal found Jean de Dieu Kamuhanda (51), former minister for culture and higher education, guilty of genocide and extermination for his role the 1994 Rwanda genocide. He was acquitted of eight other charges of crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 1/22/04)
2004        Jan 22, In southern Thailand a Buddhist monk was hacked to death. Muslim extremists were blamed.
    (WSJ, 1/23/04, p.A1)
2004        Jan 22, Zimbabwe's only independent daily newspaper brought out a slim edition that was snatched up by readers after a court ordered police to allow the popular Daily News to resume publishing.
    (AP, 1/22/04)

2005        Jan 22, Donald Trump (58) married Slovenian model Melania Knauss (34) with all the glamour, glitz and gold that money and star power can buy.
    (AP, 1/23/05)
2005        Jan 22, On the 32nd anniversary of Roe vs. Wade rival sides of the abortion issue staged dueling marches on Market St. in SF. Some 6,000 antiabortion activists were jeered by some 3,000 advocates for abortion rights.
    (SSFC, 1/23/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 22, Rose Mary Woods (87), President Nixon's former secretary, died in Ohio.
    (AP, 1/22/06)
2005        Jan 22, In India actress Parveen Babi, who played the siren in dozens of Bollywood films, was found dead at her suburban Bombay apartment. Babi, famed for her unconventional western looks, starred in more than 50 Hindi films mostly in the 1970s and early 1980s.
    (AP, 1/22/05)
2005        Jan 22, Iran's state-run television reported that the hard-line constitutional watchdog has decided that women can run for president in June elections.
    (AP, 1/22/05)
2005        Jan 22, Insurgents said they had executed 15 kidnapped Iraqi National Guardsmen for cooperating with U.S. forces. Insurgents decided to release 8 Chinese construction workers taken hostage in Iraq after China pledged to discourage its citizens from traveling to Iraq.
    (AP, 1/22/05)
2005        Jan 22, In Italy a war within the Camorra, the regional mafia of Naples, was reported to have claimed 35 lives over the last 4 months.
    (Econ, 1/22/05, p.46)
2005        Jan 22, In Japan the world's nations ended their tsunami conference and agreed to work together to better guard their people against natural disasters.
    (AP, 1/22/05)
2005        Jan 22, Maldivians cast votes to elect a parliament, three weeks after the election was postponed because of the Indian Ocean tsunami. Police arrested 20 opposition backers.
    (AP, 1/22/05)(WSJ, 1/24/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 22, Consuelo Velazquez (84), whose song "Besame Mucho" became a standard in many languages and styles of music, died in Mexico City.
    (AP, 1/25/05)
2005        Jan 22, Nepali troops killed at least nine Maoist guerrillas including four women in weekend gunbattles in the west of the revolt-torn Himalayan kingdom.
    (Reuters, 1/23/05)
2005        Jan 22, Thousands of poor Russians demonstrated across Russia as part of a campaign of protest against abolition of some benefits that has dented Pres. Putin's popularity.
    (Reuters, 1/22/05)
2005        Jan 22, Somalia's government vowed to bring to justice militiamen who exhumed hundreds of skeletons from an Italian colonial-era cemetery and dumped them near Mogadishu's airport.
    (Reuters, 1/22/05)
2005        Jan 22, South Sudan leader John Garang arrived in his southern bastion for the first time since a peace accord ended Africa's longest-running civil war.
    (Reuters, 1/22/05)
2005        Jan 22, Turkey’s large debt was reported to amount to about 74% of its GDP.
    (Econ, 1/22/05, p.47)

2006        Jan 22, Kobe Bryant scored 81 points, the second-highest in NBA history, in the Los Angeles Lakers' 122-104 victory over the Toronto Raptors.
    (AP, 1/22/07)
2006        Jan 22, The Pittsburgh Steelers won the AFC title game over the Denver Broncos 34-17. The Seattle Seahawks claimed the NFC title over the Carolina Panthers 34-14.
    (AP, 1/22/07)
2006        Jan 22, In Massachusetts the bodies of Rachel (27) and 9-month-old daughter Lillian Entwistle were found in their home in Hopkinton. Rachel was shot in the head and the young baby in the body. They had been killed as much as 3 days earlier. On Jan 27 Neil Entwistle (27) was seen leaving his parents home in Worksop, Nottinghamshire, accompanied by two plain-clothes detectives. He was soon extradited back to Massachusetts. In 2008 Entwistle was convicted of murder.
    (AP, 1/27/06)(SFC, 6/26/08, p.A2)
2006        Jan 22, An Afghan boy and four men, including staff of a US security firm, were freed after being briefly kidnapped by Taliban rebels.
    (AP, 1/22/06)
2006        Jan 22, In Afghanistan 7 Taliban rebels escaped from Policharki Prison, the main high-security prison outside Kabul. 10 prison guards suspected of aiding the escape were arrested.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 22, An opposition-sponsored strike closed shops and shut down public transport across Bangladesh as authorities deployed thousands of security forces to deter violence.
    (AP, 1/22/06)
2006        Jan 22, Evo Morales, Bolivia's first Indian president, took office with a promise to lift his nation's struggling indigenous majority out of centuries of poverty and discrimination.
    (AP, 1/22/06)
2006        Jan 22, Cambodia held its first Senate election. PM Hun Sen's ruling party secured a landslide victory. Only 123 parliamentarians and 11,261 members of commune councilors, local administrative bodies, were able to vote.
    (AFP, 1/29/06)
2006        Jan 22, Xinhua News reported that US-based General Electric has won an 196-million-dollar bid to help build China's West-East Gas Pipeline.
    (AP, 1/22/06)
2006        Jan 22, Georgia began receiving natural gas late in the day from Azerbaijan following explosions on pipelines in southern Russia that cut off delivery of gas to Georgia and its neighbor Armenia during a cold snap.
    (AP, 1/23/06)
2006        Jan 22, Iran said it was not withdrawing its foreign currency reserves from European banks, despite reports late last week that it already had begun the process.
    (AP, 1/22/06)
2006        Jan 22, The US military confirmed that the last of 2 Reuters journalists detained by US military in Iraq was freed after nearly eight months without being charged. 2 others were released Jan 15.
    (AP, 1/23/06)
2006        Jan 22, Bomb blasts, shootings and rocket-propelled grenade attacks killed at least 13 people throughout Iraq, including a policeman's four children. Sunni Arab leaders opposed anyone linked with sectarian violence being given ministries in the next government. 2 American airmen died in a roadside bombings near Taji. Another car bomb exploded on a highway about 20 miles south of Baghdad, killing one Iraqi civilian and wounding four others. Drive-by gunmen shot dead a doctor who worked at the Iraqi Health Ministry as he drove to work in Baghdad's Saydiyah neighborhood.
    (AP, 1/22/06)(AP, 1/23/06)
2006        Jan 22, An Israeli aircraft fired at three Palestinian gunmen trying to infiltrate Israel from the Gaza Strip, killing one man and wounding the other two.
    (AP, 1/22/06)
2006        Jan 22, In Nepal an electoral candidate in Janakpur was murdered.
    (Econ, 1/28/06, p.40)
2006        Jan 22, Thousands of angry Pakistanis protested against a US airstrike that killed civilians, chanting "Long live Osama bin Laden!" as anti-American rallies in the country entered their second week.
    (AP, 1/22/06)
2006        Jan 22, Portugal voted in a presidential election. Anibal Cavaco Silva (66), a former centre-right prime minister (1985-1995), won over his five left-wing rivals. He has pledged to help lead Portugal out of an economic slump and supports deeper European Union integration.
    (AP, 1/23/06)
2006        Jan 22, Explosions hit pipelines running through southern Russia, cutting the natural gas supply to Georgia and Armenia during a cold snap.
    (AP, 1/22/06)
2006        Jan 22, Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir urged the world to provide more equipment and other support for cash-strapped African forces monitoring a tentative truce in Sudan's violent Darfur region.
    (AP, 1/22/06)
2006        Jan 22, Sudanese police raided a human rights meeting, seized documents and laptops and briefly detained participants on the eve of an African summit in the country.
    (AP, 1/23/06)
2006        Jan 22, The UN refugee agency said a smuggler's boat capsized off the coast of Yemen, killing at least 22 people. Twenty-eight were reported missing.
    (AP, 1/22/06)

2007        Jan 22, The US Supreme Court struck down a California sentencing law because it allowed judges to add years to a prison term based on their own fact finding. The court said juries must rule on any evidence used to justify longer prison terms.
    (SFC, 1/23/07, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/23/07, p.A1)
2007        Jan 22, It was reported that federal officials had arrested 119 people in Contra Costa County, Ca., in a weeklong immigration crackdown that was part of “Operation Return to Sender.” Immigration officials arrested over 750 illegals in the Los Angeles area. The operation has arrested 13,000 nationwide people since June 2006.
    (SFC, 1/23/07, p.B8)(WSJ, 1/24/06, p.A1)
2007        Jan 22, Intel and Sun Microsystems announced a major partnership under which Sun would begin selling business computers running on Intel’s Xeon microprocessors, while Intel will endorse and support sun’s Solaris operating system.
    (SFC, 1/23/07, p.D3)
2007        Jan 22, Nickel prices surged to an all-time peak above $37,000 per ton in London trading owing to concerns over dwindling stockpiles of the metal.
    (AFP, 1/22/07)
2007        Jan 22, Scientists warned that glaciers will all but disappear from the Alps by 2050, and that most would be gone by 2037.
    (SFC, 1/23/07, p.A4)
2007        Jan 22, Brazil’s government announced a growth acceleration package.
    (Econ, 1/27/07, p.34)
2007        Jan 22, Hundreds of scavengers swooped onto a beach in southwest England and carted away motorcycles, wine barrels, car parts and tennis shoes spilling from a container ship damaged in recent storms and listing about a mile off shore.
    (AP, 1/22/07)
2007        Jan 22, The EU threatened Sudan with sanctions if it refused to allow UN peacekeepers into war-torn Darfur, but rights groups and analysts said the warning was not enough to stop the killings.
    (AP, 1/22/07)
2007        Jan 22, Abbe Pierre (b.1912), a French priest praised as a living legend for devoting his life to helping the homeless, using prayer and provocation to tackle misery, died in Paris. He founded the international Emmaus Community for the poor. Abbe Pierre, born as Henry Groues,  served as a spokesman for France's conscience since the 1950s when he persuaded parliament to pass a law, still on the books, forbidding landlords to expel tenants during winter months.
    (AP, 1/22/07)(Econ, 2/3/07, p.87)
2007        Jan 22, In Guinea security forces fired on protesters marching on the presidential palace. At least 30 people were killed and over a hundred injured.
    (Econ, 1/27/07, p.48)
2007        Jan 22, In Indonesia 16 people, including a policeman, were shot dead and others wounded in a shootout with residents on Sulawesi, as police searched for suspected militants in the restive town of Poso.
    (AFP, 1/22/07)(Econ, 1/27/07, p.42)
2007        Jan 22, Iran barred 38 nuclear inspectors on a UN list from entering the country in what appeared to be retaliation for the UN sanctions imposed last month.
    (AP, 1/22/07)
2007        Jan 22, A suicide bomber crashed his car into a central Baghdad market crowded with Shiites just seconds after another car bomb tore through the stalls where vendors were hawking DVDs and used clothing, leaving 88 dead in the bloodiest attack in two months. An Egyptian embassy worker was kidnapped in Baghdad while on a trip outside the compound. 137 people were killed or found dead across Iraq. Two US soldiers were killed in Iraq, one in fighting in Anbar province and the other in a roadside bombing.
    (AP, 1/22/07)(AP, 1/23/07)
2007        Jan 22, Leftist Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega, who took power earlier this month, said that he was slashing his salary and those of Cabinet members.
    (AP, 1/22/07)
2007        Jan 22, In Northern Ireland a report was published that detailed how some in the old Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) protected a band of loyalist paramilitary killers.
    (Econ, 1/27/07, p.56)
2007        Jan 22, Pakistan's military lodged a protest saying US-led forces in Afghanistan mistakenly fired at a Pakistani border post and killed a soldier. A suicide car bomber attacked a military convoy in northwestern Pakistan, killing himself and at least four soldiers.
    (AP, 1/22/07)
2007        Jan 22, Rosoboronexport chief Sergei Chemezov said Russia had fulfilled a contract to sell air defense missiles to Iran. This included 29 sophisticated missile systems under a $700 million contract signed in December 2005.
    (AP, 1/23/07)
2007        Jan 22, Voting results in Serbia indicated that the ultra-nationalist Radicals won the most votes in parliamentary elections, but several pro-democratic groups collected enough seats to form a new government if they can unite.
    (AP, 1/22/07)
2007        Jan 22, Klas Bergenstrand (61), the head of Sweden's intelligence agency, died from an apparent heart attack.
    (AP, 1/23/07)
2007        Jan 22, In Turkey police said Yasin Hayal, a nationalist militant convicted of bombing a McDonald's restaurant in 2004, had confessed to inciting the killing of an ethnic Armenian journalist last week. Hayal said he provided a gun and money to the teenager who is suspected of carrying out the Jan 19 shooting.
    (AP, 1/22/07)
2007        Jan 22, In northern Uganda a minibus with 21 people collided with a truck. The dead included 6 foreign missionaries, an American couple, a Dutch couple and two Kenyans.
    (Reuters, 1/23/07)
2007        Jan 22, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon announced that an external audit would be conducted of the UN Development Program in North Korea after the US alleged the program had funneled millions of dollars to Kim Jong Il's regime.
    (AP, 1/22/07)

2008        Jan 22, In a surprise move the US Fed move cutting its key lending rate a steep three-quarters of a percentage point reducing the federal funds rate to 3.5%, a week before its regularly scheduled meeting. It was aimed at fears troubling the financial markets from the US subprime crisis was spreading to the broader economy.
    (AP, 1/22/08)(SFC, 1/23/08, p.C1)
2008        Jan 22, A US official said thousands of Vietnamese living illegally in the US now face deportation after the two countries completed an agreement following a decade of work on the pact.
    (AP, 1/22/08)
2008        Jan 22, The NYC Board of health voted to require restaurant chains to state the number of calories in everything on their menus. Full enforcement began in July.
    (www.nyc.gov/html/doh/html/pr2008/pr008-08.shtml)(Econ, 8/30/08, p.64)
2008        Jan 22, Heath Ledger (28), an Australian-born actor, was found dead at a Manhattan apartment. He received an Oscar nomination for his role as a troubled gay cowboy in the 2006 film, "Brokeback Mountain." The NYC medical examiner later said Ledger died of an accidental overdose of painkillers, sleeping pills, anti-anxiety medication and other prescription drugs.
    (AP, 1/22/08)(AP, 2/6/08)
2008        Jan 22, In Afghanistan Sayed Parwez Kaambakhsh (23) was sentenced to death by a three-judge panel in the northern city of Mazar-i-Sharif for distributing a report he printed off the Internet to fellow journalism students at Balkh University. The judges said the article humiliated Islam, and members of a clerics council had pushed for Kaambakhsh to be punished. A media group said he is actually being punished for reporting by his brother about abuses by northern warlords. On appeal the death sentence was reduced to 20 years. In 2009 Kaambakhsh was freed and left the country following a pardon signed by President Hamid Karzai.
    (AP, 1/23/08)(Reuters, 9/7/09)
2008        Jan 22, The Bank of Canada held back in the face of an aggressive interest rate cut by the US Federal Reserve, shaving just a quarter-point off its own key rate, but it signaled more cuts to come as US recession worries spiral.
    (AP, 1/22/08)
2008        Jan 22, The foreign ministers of China and Germany said that ties between their countries had normalized after months of stony silence over Berlin receiving the Dalai Lama.
    (AP, 1/22/08)
2008        Jan 22, A new survey said war, disease and malnutrition are killing 45,000 Congolese every month in a conflict-driven humanitarian crisis that has claimed 5.4 million victims in nearly a decade.
    (AP, 1/22/08)
2008        Jan 22, The French government unveiled proposals to slash youth unemployment in the high-immigrant suburbs that exploded into rioting in 2005, pledging to create tens of thousands of new jobs.
    (AP, 1/22/08)
2008        Jan 22, In India officials said an outbreak of bird flu in India's most densely populated state could spiral out of control, as the disease spread to a seventh district in West Bengal.
    (Reuters, 1/22/08)
2008        Jan 22, Iraq's parliament passed a law to change the Saddam Hussein-era flag, meeting the demands of Iraq's Kurdish minority who threatened not to fly the banner during a pan-Arab meeting in the Kurdish-run north next month. A suicide bomber detonated his explosives in front of a high school in Baqouba. One 25-year-old male bystander was killed and 21 people were wounded, including 12 students and eight teachers. Gunmen broke into a house and killed six men in a family for cooperating with the Iraqi army. The men had given information on al-Qaida movements to local Awakening Council members. A US soldier was killed and another was injured when their vehicle rolled over in the northern city of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 1/22/08)(AP, 1/23/08)
2008        Jan 22, Israel eased a 5-day blockade of Gaza for a day, allowing in shipments of fuel and medicine. But tensions erupted over Egypt's closure of its Gaza border, with Palestinian protesters breaking through the crossing and clashing with Egyptian guards.
    (AP, 1/22/08)(WSJ, 1/23/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 22, In Lithuania Michael Campbell (35), a prominent IRA dissident, was arrested along with a female companion in a sting operation while allegedly trying to purchase weapons and explosives.
    (www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2008/jan/24/northernireland.uknews4)
2008        Jan 22, In Mexico 11 alleged hit men for a powerful drug cartel were captured at two Mexico City mansions stocked with grenades and automatic weapons, a day after Mexican authorities reported nabbing one of the cartel's reputed leaders.
    (AP, 1/22/08)
2008        Jan 22, North Korea accused the US of failing to meet its commitments toward the communist nation, blaming Washington for the slow progress in a nuclear disarmament deal.
    (AP, 1/22/08)
2008        Jan 22, North Korea said it will close its embassy in Australia because it can no longer afford it.
    (AP, 1/22/08)
2008        Jan 22, An influential group of retired officers from Pakistan's powerful military urged President Pervez Musharraf to immediately step down, saying his resignation would promote democracy and help combat religious militancy. Islamic militants in Pakistan attacked a fort near the Afghan border, one of two clashes with government forces that left seven troops and 37 fighters dead. In Europe, President Pervez Musharraf said border attacks were "pinpricks" that his government must manage.
    (AP, 1/22/08)(AP, 1/23/08)
2008        Jan 22, Serbia agreed to a multi-billion-dollar gas pipeline project as part of an energy deal with Russia. This would boost Moscow’s control over gas supplies to Europe.
    (WSJ, 1/23/08, p.A4)
2008        Jan 22, According to anti-Khartoum Sudanese rebels armed militias backed by Sudan's government killed 21 people in an attack on Sureif Judad, a village in West Darfur.
    (Reuters, 1/27/08)
2008        Jan 22, The UN Security Council's permanent members and Germany agreed on a new draft resolution on sanctions against Iran, strengthening existing measures over the country's refusal to suspend its nuclear program.
    (AP, 1/22/08)
2008        Jan 22, A UN report said a newborn in Sierra Leone has the lowest chance in the world of surviving until age 5, and the prospects are almost as bad for children in Angola and Afghanistan.
    (AP, 1/22/08)

2009        Jan 22, President Obama signed an executive order to shutter Guantanamo within one year, fulfilling his campaign promise to close a facility that critics around the world say violates the rights of detainees. Obama also banned the CIA from operating secret prisons.
    (AP, 1/22/09)(WSJ, 1/23/09, p.A1)
2009        Jan 22, Pres. Obama named George Mitchell as envoy to the Mideast and Richard Holbrook as envoy to Afghanistan and Pakistan.
    (WSJ, 1/23/09, p.A1)
2009        Jan 22, US federal agents raided Kuchera Industries and Kuchera Defense systems, 2 small Pennsylvania defense contractors. They were given millions in federal funding by Rep. John Murtha, chairman of the defense appropriations committee. In 2007 the WSJ identified Murtha as the largest earmarker in the House.
    (WSJ, 1/23/09, p.A6)
2009        Jan 22, John Thain (53), former head of Merrill Lynch, was forced out of top job at Bank of America, after it was revealed that he had approved multi-million bonuses for Merrill executives in the wake of big quarterly losses ahead of its acquisition by Bank of America.
    (WSJ, 1/23/09, p.A1)
2009        Jan 22, In Bangladesh the Awami League won a landslide victory in the country’s 481 upazilas (subdistricts). Three people were killed, 150 injured and voter intimidation was rife.
    (Econ, 1/31/09, p.50)
2009        Jan 22, In Bolivia the government of President Evo Morales began publishing its own newspaper "Cambio" (Change). Morales grew so irked at the local press last month that he said he would no longer hold press conferences for local reporters and said that only 10 percent of journalists are "honorable.”
    (AP, 1/22/09)
2009        Jan 22, Asian economic gloom worsened when China said growth plunged in the final quarter of 2008 while Japan said exports fell at a record pace in December amid weakening Western consumer demand.
    (AP, 1/22/09)
2009        Jan 22, A Chinese court condemned two men to death and gave a dairy boss life in prison in the first sentences handed down in the tainted milk scandal, which ignited public anger and accusations of cover-ups.
    (AP, 1/22/09)
2009        Jan 22, Congolese and Rwandan troops advanced on the headquarters of Tutsi rebel leader, Laurent Nkunda, as Kinshasa used its neighbor to smother a rebellion in eastern DR Congo. Rwanda arrested Congo rebel leader Laurent Nkunda after he fled a joint operation launched by the armies of the two nations.
    (AP, 1/22/09)(AP, 1/23/09)
2009        Jan 22, Estonia said it will end its nearly six-year military mission in Iraq after it failed to agree with the Iraqi government on terms for its troop deployment.
    (AP, 1/22/09)
2009        Jan 22, European Union antitrust regulators said they raided Slovakia's main telecom operator last week on suspicion of monopoly abuse.
    (AP, 1/22/09)
2009        Jan 22, In Germany Klaus Zumwinkel (65), the former chief executive of Deutsche Post, admitted in court that he evaded taxes by squirreling money away in Liechtenstein, calling it the greatest mistake of his life. A court on Jan 26 convicted Zumwinkel of tax evasion, giving him a two-year suspended sentence and a hefty fine.
    (AP, 1/22/09)(AP, 1/26/09)
2009        Jan 22, In Iraq gunmen killed eight members of a Sunni family and kidnapped two others in a tense area northeast of Baghdad where Shiite militiamen still operate. A US soldier was killed in a non-combat vehicle accident.
    (AP, 1/23/09)
2009        Jan 22, Israel said it is lifting restrictions on foreign journalists entering the Gaza Strip, a ban that had drawn strong criticism from news media.
    (AP, 1/23/09)
2009        Jan 22, Mexico inaugurated one of the world’s largest wind farms, a $550 million project built by Spain’s Acciona Energia.
    (SFC, 1/23/09, p.A4)
2009        Jan 22, In Mexico a man accused of helping a drug kingpin dispose of hundreds of victims by dissolving their bodies in caustic soda was arrested in the border city of Tijuana. Authorities said Santiago Meza Lopez confessed to disposing of at least 300 bodies over a decade. Army troops acting on a tip raided a chili-drying warehouse, belonging to the brother of Zacatecas state Sen. Ricardo Monreal, and found people loading marijuana onto trucks. More than 11.4 tons of the drug were seized at the plant, near the city of Fresnillo.
    (AP, 1/23/09)(AP, 1/29/09)
2009        Jan 22, NATO's Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer said President Barack Obama's plan to nearly double American troop numbers in Afghanistan needs to be matched by a similar surge in development workers and aid funding.
    (AP, 1/22/09)
2009        Jan 22, Hundreds of workers toiled in southern Gaza to repair dozens of tunnels dug under tents or fake greenhouses while smugglers brought in food and fuel just days after Israel ended a barrage of bombs and missiles aimed at cutting off the supply route from Egypt.
    (AP, 1/22/09)
2009        Jan 22, Russia's Central Bank said it will widen the ruble's trading range to allow an effective 10 percent devaluation of the national currency.
    (AP, 1/22/09)
2009        Jan 22, The Sri Lankan military shelled a village and a makeshift hospital inside a government-declared "safe zone" for civilians in the north, killing at least 30 people and injuring scores of others, according to local health officials.
    (AP, 1/22/09)
2009        Jan 22, Sudanese troops battled with rebels in southern Darfur, and the fighting killed five rebels and two soldiers.
    (AP, 1/22/09)
2009        Jan 22, Turkey’s police detained 39 more suspects in a new wave of arrests connected with Ergenekon, an alleged secularist plot to bring down the Islamic-rooted government.
    (AP, 1/22/09)(Econ, 1/31/09, p.58)

2010        Jan 22, James Mitchell (b.1920), theater, film and TV actor, died. For nearly three decades he played gruff patriarch Palmer Cortland on the ABC soap opera "All My Children." His film credits include "The Band Wagon" (1953) with Fred Astaire, "Deep in My Heart" (1954) and "Oklahoma" (1955).
    (AP, 1/25/10)
2010        Jan 22, Jean Simmons (80), British-born film actress, died in Santa Monica, Ca.
    (SSFC, 1/24/10, p.C5)
2010        Jan 22, Afghanistan banned the use of ammonium nitrate fertilizer, which was also used to make bombs, giving farmers and other holders a month to turn in their supplies. 4 Afghan soldiers were killed and one wounded when the convoy of the governor of Wardak province near Kabul was struck by a bomb. 7 Afghan civilians were killed and one wounded in the north when they tried to dig out a bomb left over from the Soviet invasion.
    (AP, 1/22/10)(AFP, 1/23/10)
2010        Jan 22, Belgian scientists said nearly 80 percent of the 300,000 conflict-related deaths in Darfur were due to diseases like diarrhea, not violence.
    (Reuters, 1/22/10)
2010        Jan 22, The British government raised its terror threat assessment from substantial to severe, suggesting an attack was "highly likely", ahead of international meetings on Yemen and Afghanistan in London next week.
    (AFP, 1/23/10)
2010        Jan 22, In Britain two brothers, ages 10 & 11, from the Yorkshire village of Edlington were convicted of torturing and sexually abusing two younger boys in an ordeal that one of them close to death.
    (Econ, 2/6/10, p.61)
2010        Jan 22, Sir Percy Cradock (86), the British diplomat who negotiated the terms for returning Hong Kong to Chinese rule, died. He was ambassador to Beijing in 1983 when Britain opened negotiations on the hand-over of Hong Kong. Britain gained an agreement on the principle of "one nation, two systems" which preserved some of Hong Kong's democratic and economic freedoms.
    (AP, 1/29/10)(Econ, 2/13/10, p.87)
2010        Jan 22, Beijing issued a stinging response to US criticism that it is jamming the free flow of words and ideas on the Internet, accusing the United States of damaging relations between the two countries by hoisting its "information imperialism" on China. An attorney for a US free speech group said US trade officials have asked for more information as they consider whether to pursue a possible World Trade Organization case against Chinese Internet barriers.
    (AP, 1/22/10)(Reuters, 1/22/10)
2010        Jan 22, Some 124 refugees, who said they are Kurds and Tunisians, landed on the southern shore of Corsica after a lengthy journey at sea.
    (AP, 1/22/10)
2010        Jan 22, In East Timor police launched a full-scale anti-ninja operation and later extended it for six months with support from the armed forces.
    (AFP, 4/6/10)
2010        Jan 22, Aid officials said Haitians are fleeing their quake-ravaged capital by the hundreds of thousands, as their government promised to help nearly a half-million more move from squalid camps on curbsides and vacant lots into safer, cleaner tent cities.
    (AP, 1/22/10)
2010        Jan 22, In Indonesia incessant rain caused floods in two remote villages in eastern Indonesia leaving eight people dead and 13 others missing.
    (AP, 1/22/10)
2010        Jan 22, In northern Iraq Saad Uwayid Obeid Mijbil al-Shammari, also known as Abu Khalaf, a key al-Qaida in Iraq leader was killed during a joint Iraqi-US raid in Mosul. Intelligence officials said he was responsible for bringing hundreds of suicide bombers across the border from Syria.
    (AP, 1/28/10)
2010        Jan 22, Police in Mexico City rescued 150 ferrets from armed robbers after a high speed chase. 14 boxes of ferrets imported from the US were taken by force by 3 robbers from a truck after it left the Mexico City airport. Two suspects were under arrest and another escaped.
    (AP, 1/22/10)
2010        Jan 22, New Zealand’s commerce minister, Simon Power, said New Zealand is reviewing its liberal system of company registration after investigators found a shell company based here leased an airplane that smuggled arms from North Korea. A New Zealand shell company, SP Trading Ltd., leased an airplane seized last month in Thailand carrying an illegal arms shipment from North Korea.
    (AP, 1/22/10) 
2010        Jan 22, Pakistani gunship helicopters pounded a suspected militant hideout in a northwestern tribal area known for sheltering Taliban and Al-Qaeda fighters.
    (AFP, 1/22/10)
2010        Jan 22, In Russia a court sanctioned on fraud charges the arrest of Alexei Dymovsky, a police officer who has complained on YouTube of abuse and corruption in the country's law enforcement system. In November Dymovsky posted 3 videos on YouTube in which he said he was promised a promotion in return for jailing an innocent person. He also accused his superiors of forcing officers to fake reports on unsolved crimes. Dymovsky was fired and founded a rights defense group.
    (AP, 1/22/10)
2010        Jan 22, In Rwanda the latest feature film on the 1994 Rwanda genocide premiered in Kigali. Belgian director Philippe Van Leeuw shot "Le jour ou Dieu est parti en voyage" (The Day God Stayed Away) over two months -- June to August 2008 -- partly in Kigali, partly in the southwestern province of Cyangugu. It shows in excruciating detail what day-to-day life must have been like for those who survived beyond the first days of the killing.
    (AFP, 1/24/10)
2010        Jan 22, In Serbia Irinej Gavrilovic, a moderate who recently called for better ties with the Roman Catholics, was chosen as the new head of the influential Serbian Orthodox Church.
    (AP, 1/22/10)
2010        Jan 22, Singapore rejected allegations by a US-based human rights group that it is a "politically repressive state."
    (AFP, 1/22/10)
2010        Jan 22, In South Africa the national parks authority said poachers have killed 14 rhinos this year. The parks authority announced military patrols in Kruger National Park, where 7 of the rhinos were killed. The other 7 were killed in the North West province.
    (AFP, 1/23/10)
2010        Jan 22, In Sri Lanka a key opposition activist was targeted at home by a bomb attack blamed on the ruling party as violence escalated ahead of next week's presidential election.
    (AFP, 1/22/10)
2010        Jan 22, A Swiss court ruled that Switzerland cannot hand over files on 26 suspected tax cheats to US authorities because their failure to declare assets does not constitute fraud under Swiss law.
    (SFC, 1/23/10, p.A2)
2010        Jan 22, Turkish police launched a nationwide crackdown on suspected militants linked to the al-Qaida terror network, rounding up 120 people in simultaneous pre-dawn raids.
    (AP, 1/22/10)
2010        Jan 22, In Vietnam 19 rare Asiatic moon bears, found at an illegal Taiwanese-owned operation in southern Vietnam, reached a new home at Tam Dao National Park, joining 29 bears already at the rescue center. Ultrasound tests had found evidence of thickened gall bladders, a telltale sign of gall bladder milking. Some may need to have the organ removed because of extensive damage.
    (AP, 1/22/10)
2010        Jan 22, Yemen rebel leader, Abdel-Malek al-Hawthi, appeared in a video posted on the group's Web site to disprove Yemeni government claims that he was killed in an attack last month. Al-Hawthi was shown sitting on a chair and speaking into a microphone.
    (AP, 1/23/10)

2011        Jan 22, In Oakland, Ca., schools police officer Sgt. Barhin Bhatt shot and killed Raheim Brown (20) as Brown allegedly tried to stab Sgt. Jonathan Bellusa with a screwdriver. Bellusa later contradicted Bhatt’s story and a federal lawsuit was filed in connection with the shooting. In 2013 the Oakland Unified School District agreed to pay $995,000 to settle two lawsuits in connection with Brown’s death. In 2014 Bellusa (39) agreed to settle his suit for $550,000.
    (SFC, 5/19/12, p.C4)(SSFC, 10/6/13, p.C3)(SFC, 9/17/14, p.E2)
2011        Jan 22, In Albania a political crisis escalated as the government and the opposition traded blame for the deaths of three protests during a violent demonstration against an administration accused of deeply rooted corruption.
    (AP, 1/22/11)
2011        Jan 22, In Algeria riot police clashed with protesters in Algiers as they broke up a banned pro-democracy rally amid mounting public grievances that have fuelled fears of Tunisia-style unrest. Karim Bendine (35) died in a hospital in Douera, a suburb of Algiers, where he was admitted earlier this week with most of his body covered in third-degree burns. Seven other Algerians have set themselves on fire since January 12, apparently inspired by the self-immolation in Tunisia of 26-year-old Mohammed Bouazizi.
    (AFP, 1/22/11)(AFP, 1/23/11)
2011        Jan 22, Ireland’s PM Brian Cowen announced his resignation as leader of the dominant Fianna Fail party but intends to keep leading the government through the March election.
    (AP, 1/22/11)
2011        Jan 22, A Japanese rocket carrying supplies for the International Space Station lifted off from a remote island on a mission designed to help fill a hole left by the retirement of NASA's space shuttle program.
    (AP, 1/22/11)
2011        Jan 22, In Mexico a police commander died and three officers were wounded when a car bomb exploded in the central state of Hidalgo.
    (AP, 1/22/11)
2011        Jan 22, The head of Nepal's former communist rebels handed command of his fighters over to the government as part of a peace deal that ended the Himalayan nation's decade-long conflict.
    (AP, 1/22/11)
2011        Jan 22, In Nigeria soldiers shot and killed a motorcyclist who tried to avoid an army checkpoint, mistaking him for an Islamists seeking to carry out an attack.
    (AFP, 1/23/11)
2011        Jan 22, The Rwandan army said its former chief of staff and an ex-spy chief, both exiled in South Africa, have formed a rebel group operating in neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo. Faustin Kayumba Nyamwasa and Patrick Karegeya and two other former top officials, also in exile, were last week sentenced to heavy jail terms for threatening state security.
    (AFP, 1/22/11) 
2011        Jan 22, In Tunisia protesters who overthrew the president took to the streets again to accuse his lieutenants of clinging to power and to demand new leaders now. Tunisia's once-feared police staged a rally of their own, demanding better salaries and insisting they're not to blame for shooting deaths among protesters. An official count put 78 civilians dead.
    (Reuters, 1/22/11)(AP, 1/22/11)(Econ, 1/22/11, p.31)
2011        Jan 22, In Turkey talks meant to nudge Iran toward meeting UN Security Council demands to stop uranium enrichment collapsed, with Tehran shrugging off calls by six world powers to cease the activity that could be harnessed to make nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 1/22/11)
2011        Jan 22, In western Uganda 15 people died after a bus lost control when it hit a cow on the road and rammed into an oncoming truck.
    (AP, 1/22/11)

2012        Jan 22, US Rep. Gabrielle Giffords of Arizona announced she intends to resign from Congress this week to concentrate on recovering from wounds suffered in an assassination attempt a little more than a year ago.
    (AP, 1/22/12)
2012        Jan 22, Joe Paterno (85), the longtime Penn State coach, died. He won more games than anyone in major college football but was fired amid a child sex abuse scandal that scarred his reputation for winning with integrity.
    (AP, 1/22/12)
2012        Jan 22, Algeria sentenced in absentia Mokhtar Belmokhtar, a top leader in Al-Qaeda's north African branch, to death along with 3 others for acts of terrorism and "participation in voluntary acts of homicide" against members of the armed forces. Algeria has had a moratorium on the death penalty since 1993.
    (AFP, 1/23/12)
2012        Jan 22, The Arab League officials said its observer's mission in Syria has been extended for another month.
    (AP, 1/22/12)
2012        Jan 22, British author Salman Rushdie accused Indian police of making up an underworld plot to assassinate him that forced him to pull out of a literary festival this weekend.
    (AFP, 1/22/12)
2012        Jan 22, Voters in Chad went to the polls for the first local elections in the central African country's history, after the ballot had been rescheduled several times.
    (AFP, 1/22/12)
2012        Jan 22, In southwest China a man who contracted the bird flu virus died, the second human death from the virulent disease in the country in just under a month.
    (AFP, 1/22/12)
2012        Jan 22, Croatians voted in a referendum on whether to join the European Union. 68% approved the referendum with a turnout of 47% of eligible voters. Croatia signed an EU accession treaty last year and is on track to become a member in July 2013.
    (AP, 1/22/12)(SFC, 1/23/12, p.A2)
2012        Jan 22, Finns voted for a new president. The front-runner, ex-finance minister Sauli Niinisto, won 37% setting up a 2nd round on Feb 5. Pekka Haavisto of the Greens Party was second with 18.8%. Finland's 12th president since independence from Russia in 1917 will replace Tarja Halonen.
    (AP, 1/22/12)(SFC, 1/23/12, p.A2)
2012        Jan 22, Indian authorities said at least 26 infants have died in the past five days in a state-run hospital in West Bengal state. Most of them were underweight and had been suffering from birth asphyxia.
    (AFP, 1/22/12)
2012        Jan 22, Human Rights Watch said Iraq’s Shiite-led government is turning the country into a “budding police state” as security forces routinely abuse protesters, harass journalist, torture detainees and intimidate activists.
    (SFC, 1/23/12, p.A2)
2012        Jan 22, The head of Libya's transitional government suspended delegates from Benghazi. Abdul-Jalil said he appointed a council of religious leaders to investigate corruption charges and identify people with links to the Gadhafi regime. NTC deputy head Abdel Hafiz Ghoga resigned from his post, as thousands of students demonstrated against him in Benghazi's University of Ghar Yunis.
    (AP, 1/22/12)(AFP, 1/22/12)
2012        Jan 22, In Mexico’s Guerrero state Atoyac de Alvarez municipal police officers found seven dead and two injured at the scene of a funeral vigil. One of the injured later died. Acapulco police said that three bodies were found dumped in a vacant lot in the resort city, while a fourth was found decapitated in a car and another man died in a shootout with police.
    (AP, 1/22/12)
2012        Jan 22, In Mozambique storms left 12 people dead in the central province of Zambezia. Ten deaths in southern areas had been reported earlier in the aftermath of a tropical depression that brought fierce rains and wind last week.
    (AP, 1/23/12)
2012        Jan 22, In northern Nigeria 11 people were killed overnight in an attack in Bauchi state.
    (AP, 1/22/12)
2012        Jan 22, In Pakistan a Kenyan aid worker and his Pakistani driver working for CARE Int’l went missing in southern province of Sindh.
    (AFP, 1/22/12)
2012        Jan 22, A Philippines’ military statement said communist insurgents have stepped up "extortion-based violence" and attacks on "soft targets" to raise funds amid waning public support. It also said the strength of the New People’s Army (NPA) has fallen to just over 4,000 last year from about 4,300 in 2010.
    (AFP, 1/23/12)
2012        Jan 22, In Somalia 2 Kenyan and one Somali soldiers were killed during an attack on hardline Shehab positions at Delbio and Hosingo.
    (AFP, 1/23/12)
2012        Jan 22, Syrian security forces retreated from the center of Douma one of the biggest Damascus suburbs after intense clashes with anti-government army defectors. State-run news agency, SANA, said an estimated 5,255 prisoners have been released over the past week under a recent amnesty, raising the total freed since November to more than 9,000. 11 residents of Douma were either shot dead by security forces or killed in clashes between army defectors and troops.
    (AP, 1/22/12)
2012        Jan 22, A Turkish doctor whose 25-member team performed the world's first triple limb transplant, two arms and a leg, said the leg has been removed due to tissue incompatibility.
    (AP, 1/22/12)
2012        Jan 22, Outgoing Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh delivered a farewell speech, apologizing for mistakes and saying it is time to hand over power. He announced the promotion of Vice President Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi to the rank of marshal and left the country for medical treatment in NYC. Tens of thousands demanded Saleh's execution protesting against a law giving him full immunity from prosecution.
    (AP, 1/22/12)(AFP, 1/22/12)(AP, 1/23/12)(SFC, 1/23/12, p.A3)

2013        Jan 22, US officials said the Pentagon has found that Gen. John Allen did not engage in inappropriate communications with Jill Kelley, a civilian woman linked to the sex scandal that led retired Gen. David Petraeus to resign as CIA director.
    (SFC, 1/23/13, p.A6)
2013        Jan 22, In Connecticut Kevin Wallin (61), a Catolic priest, pleaded not guilty to federal charges of selling crystal meth to an undercover police officer. On April 2 Wallin pleaded guilty to a federal drug charge. He was accused of making over $300,000 in methamphetamine sales while running an adult video and sex toy shop.
    (SFC, 1/24/13, p.A10)(SFC, 4/3/13, p.A5)
2013        Jan 22, Nebraska Gov. Dave Heineman approved a revised route for the Keystone XL pipeline through Nebraska.
    (SFC, 1/23/13, p.A6)
2013        Jan 22, Ryan Walker Grant, a co-owner of a now closed Texas strip club, was sentenced to 10 years in prison for a failed plot to hire hit men to kill Arlington Mayor Robert Cluck and a Dallas lawyer.
    (SFC, 1/23/13, p.A6)
2013        Jan 22, An Algerian official said the search is on for the five foreigners unaccounted for from the terrorist attack on the remote natural gas site, who may be lost in the vast Sahara desert.
    (AP, 1/22/13)
2013        Jan 22, Eleven EU countries received the green light to plan a financial transaction tax that could generate billions of dollars in revenue for cash-strapped governments.
    (SFC, 1/23/13, p.A4)
2013        Jan 22, French and German Cabinets held a joint meeting before both countries' Parliaments met in the landmark Reichstag building to mark the anniversary of the signing of the 1963 Elysee Treaty, a milestone for two countries that had fought three wars in 70 years.
    (AP, 1/22/13)
2013        Jan 22, A foul-smelling cloud of gas escaped from a factory in northern France, making life unpleasant from the outskirts of Paris to Britain's shores and prompting scores of emergency calls. The mercaptan gas from the Rouen chemical factory was said to be harmless.
    (AP, 1/22/13)
2013        Jan 22, An Indonesian court sentenced British grandmother Lindsay June Sandiford (56), to death for smuggling 8.4 pounds of cocaine worth $2.5 million in her suitcase onto the resort island of Bali — even though prosecutors had sought only a 15-year sentence. Indonesia has not carried out an execution since 2008, when 10 people were put to death.
    (AP, 1/22/13)(SFC, 4/9/13, p.A2)
2013        Jan 22, A magnitude 6.0 earthquake rocked parts of western Indonesia, killing a 9-year-old girl, panicking residents and ruining homes.
    (AP, 1/22/13)
2013        Jan 22, In Iraq a string of car bomb attacks, most of them in and around Baghdad, killed at least 25 people and wounded dozens.
    (AP, 1/22/13)(SFC, 1/23/13, p.A2)
2013        Jan 22, Israelis voted in an election likely to keep hardline PM Benjamin Netanyahu at the helm of government for a third term despite a turbulent record. The parliamentary election left the two main blocs deadlocked with 60 seats each, based on nearly complete official vote counts. Yesh Atid (There is a Future), led by Yair Lapid (49), emerged as the second-largest party in parliament.
    (AP, 1/22/13)(AP, 1/23/13)
2013        Jan 22, The Philippines took a desperate legal step against China's claims to virtually the entire South China Sea, formally notifying the Asian superpower that Manila is seeking international arbitration to declare Beijing's moves in the potentially oil-rich waters "unlawful."
    (AP, 1/22/13)
2013        Jan 22, In South Africa police fired rubber bullets at protesters during a third day of violent clashes. Residents of Sasolburg were angry over a proposed change in municipal boundaries, which they say could affect the delivery of services.
    (AP, 1/22/13)
2013        Jan 22, Syrian government forces and rebels battled in the suburbs of Damascus and elsewhere. Four buses carrying Russian citizens escaping the civil war crossed into Lebanon, in the first evacuation organized by Moscow since the start of the conflict nearly two years ago.
    (AP, 1/22/13)
2013        Jan 22, UN agencies and international aid groups said Yemen's government and international donors must allocate over $700 million to help ease a deepening humanitarian crisis that includes widespread malnutrition in the Arabian peninsula's poorest country.
    (AP, 1/22/13)
2013        Jan 22, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to adopt Resolution 2087, the third of its kind since 2006, condemning a North Korean rocket launch as violating a ban on missile activity.
    (AP, 1/23/13)(Econ, 2/2/13, p.34)
2013        Jan 22, Venezuela’s government said President Hugo Chavez is in good spirits and recovering six weeks after he underwent cancer surgery in Cuba.
    (AP, 1/23/13)

2014        Jan 22, The New York Yankees signed Japanese pitching ace Masahiro Tanaka to a $155 million contract.
    (SSFC, 1/26/14, p.A4)
2014        Jan 22, The Washington-based Int’l. Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) said it has obtained documents showing the identities of nearly 22,000 owners of companies and trusts in the British Virgin Islands, Samoa and other offshore centers. It said they include the brother-in-law of China’s Pres. Xi, former Premier Wen Jiabao’s son and son-in-law and relatives of other ruling party figures.
    (SFC, 1/23/14, p.A4)
2014        Jan 22, The northeastern United States dug out from a storm that dumped more than 15 inches of snow in some places with frigid, windy weather closing some schools and offices and delaying or canceling thousands of flights.
    (Reuters, 1/22/14)
2014        Jan 22, California Governor Jerry Brown (75) took credit for his state's fiscal rebound in a state of the state address.
    (Reuters, 1/22/14)
2014        Jan 22, Texas executed Edgar Tamayo Arias (46), a Mexican convicted of killing a policeman, despite a diplomatic outcry and pressure from the US federal government to further review his case.
    (AFP, 1/23/14)
2014        Jan 22, US hotel giant Marriott announced it had finalized a deal to buy the South Africa-based Protea group, Africa's largest hotel chain, for $186 million.
    (AFP, 1/22/14)
2014        Jan 22, TransCanada began delivering oil from Cushing, Oklahoma, to customers in Nederland, Texas, through the southern portion of the proposed Keystone XL pipeline.
    (SFC, 1/23/14, p.A6)
2014        Jan 22, Azerbaijan said it had repelled a cross-border raid by Armenian forces in the latest outbreak of violence over the disputed Nagorny Karabakh region.
    (AFP, 1/22/14)
2014        Jan 22, In the Central African Republic the Red Cross said it has found 11 corpses, most burnt beyond recognition, dumped in Bangui. At least 10 people were killed in clashes between former Seleka fighters and civilians in Bangui. Hundreds of Christians went on a rampage in Bangui, looting and setting fire to Muslim-owned homes and businesses and threatening to go on a killing spree as the country prepared to inaugurate a new interim president.
    (Reuters, 1/22/14)(AFP, 1/22/14)(AP, 1/23/14)
2014        Jan 22, The Chinese government condemned a report on the wealth of the country's elite being hidden in overseas tax havens as illogical and having ulterior motives, as the government blocked websites and censored mention of the story online.
    (Reuters, 1/22/14)
2014        Jan 22, In southern India forest officials in Tamil Nadu state shot dead a tiger suspected of killing three people, ending its three-week reign of terror which forced dozens of schools to close.
    (AFP, 1/23/14)
2014        Jan 22, In Indonesia Andrea Waldeck, British woman, was jailed for 14 years but escaped the death penalty after admitting that she smuggled crystal methamphetamine into Indonesia from China. she had confessed to taking the drugs through the airport in Surabaya.
    (AFP, 1/22/14)
2014        Jan 22, In Iraq several neighborhoods in south Fallujah were hit by shelling late today, with four people killed and 18 others wounded.
    (AFP, 1/22/14)
2014        Jan 22, An Israeli air strike killed 2 Palestinians including one militant in northern Gaza. Israel blamed one of them for firing rockets across the border during former Israeli PM Ariel Sharon's funeral last week.
    (Reuters, 1/22/14)
2014        Jan 22, Israel said it has arrested an Al-Qaeda-run militant cell in annexed east Jerusalem which was planning to bomb the US embassy.
    (AFP, 1/22/14)
2014        Jan 22, Israel moved forward with plans for 261 new homes in two settlements located deep in the occupied West Bank. The plans included 256 housing units in Nofei Prat settlement, between east Jerusalem and Jericho, and another five in the sprawling Ariel settlement in the north.
    (AFP, 1/22/14)
2014        Jan 22, Italian police seized 27 pizzerias, cafes and other eateries in the heart of Rome and elsewhere in a probe highlighting the seemingly legitimate business fronting for organized crime in places far from the mobsters' Naples base.
    (AP, 1/22/14)
2014        Jan 22, The Latvian parliament approved the country's first woman prime minister, Laimdota Straujuma, who pledged to stick to the fiscal discipline of the previous cabinet and to push ahead with liberalizing the country's gas market.
    (Reuters, 1/22/14)
2014        Jan 22, In Mali Issaka Sidibe, a high-ranking ruling party lawmaker and relative of the president, became the country’s second most powerful politician as he was elected to lead the nation's new parliament.
    (AFP, 1/22/14)
2014        Jan 22, In northern Nigeria thousands of protesters threw stones into the Shariah court in Bauchi city, urging the speedy convictions and executions of 11 men arrested for belonging to gay organizations. Suspected Islamist extremists attacked another farming settlement in northeast Borno state, killing another 8 people and razing homes.
    (AP, 1/22/14)(AP, 1/24/14)
2014        Jan 22, In Pakistan gunmen opened fire on police escorting Spanish cyclist Javier Colorado through Baluchistan province, killing six officers and wounding the Spaniard. He was reported to be cycling around the world.
    (AP, 1/22/14)
2014        Jan 22, In northwest Pakistan a bomb rigged to a bicycle exploded next to a police patrol on its way to guard a polio vaccination team outside Peshawar. 6 officers were killed as well as a boy who was nearby.
    (AP, 1/22/14)
2014        Jan 22, In Switzerland peace talks intended to carve a path out of Syria's civil war got off to a rocky start in Montreux as a bitter clash over President Bashar Assad's future threatened to collapse the negotiations even before they really begin. On Jan 24 the talks moved to Geneva.
    (AP, 1/22/14)(Econ, 1/25/14, p.37)
2014        Jan 22, Syria hailed the reopening of Aleppo international airport after a year's closure as a military victory over rebels. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported clashes between government forces and opposition fighters in the suburbs of Damascus, Daraa in the south, Idlib and Aleppo in the north and the central province of Homs.
    (Reuters, 1/22/14)(AP, 1/22/14)
2014        Jan 22, In northeast Thailand a leading pro-government activist was shot and wounded. A 60-day state of emergency began in Bangkok where protesters were trying to force PM Yingluck Shinawatra from power.
    (Reuters, 1/22/14)
2014        Jan 22, A Ugandan court ordered the deportation of Bernard Randall (65), a British man, facing criminal charges related to images of him having sex with another man.
    (AP, 1/22/14)
2014        Jan 22, In Ukraine Unity Day protests left 5 people dead. The bodies of 2 protesters were found near the site of clashes with police in Kiev. Prosecutors said they were shot with live ammunition, the first deaths after two months of largely peaceful protest. Some 25 people went missing. Yanukovich met opposition leaders in an attempt to defuse street violence in which 3 people were killed overnight.
    (AP, 1/22/14)(Reuters, 1/22/14)(Econ, 1/25/14, p.41)(Econ, 2/22/14, p.20)

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