Today in History - January 23

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 US National Handwriting Day in honor of John Hancock and his signature on the US Declaration of Independence: "I'll sign it in letters bold enough so the King of England can see it without his spectacles on!"
 (
http://www.wima.org/consumer/nhd.html )

1265        Jan 23, The 1st English Parliament formally convened.
    (MC, 1/23/02)

1429        Jan 23, At the Congress of Luck Emp. Sigismund of Luxembourg offered to crown Vytautas as King of Lithuania.
    (LHC, 1/23/03)

1492        Jan 23, "Pentateuch," a Jewish holy book, was first printed.
    (MC, 1/23/02)

1552        Jan 23, The 2nd version of Book of Common Prayer became mandatory in England. The Second Prayer Book of Edward VI, more radical than the first, was authorized by a second Uniformity Act.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.18)(MC, 1/23/02)

1622        Jan 23, William Baffin (~38), British explorer, died.
    (MC, 1/23/02)

1639        Jan 23, Francisco Maldonado da Silva Solis, Peruvian poet, was burned at stake.
    (MC, 1/23/02)

1647        Jan 23, Scottish Presbyterians sold captured Charles I to English Parliament.
    (MC, 1/23/02)

1719        Jan 23, Principality of Liechtenstein was created within the Holy Roman Empire.
    (www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/9403.htm)

1730        Jan 23, Joseph Hewes, US merchant (Declaration of Independence signer), was born.
    (MC, 1/23/02)   

1737        Jan 23, John Hancock (d.1793), American statesman, was born.
    (HFA, '96, p.22)

1752        Jan 23, Muzio Clementi, Italian composer, was born.
    (MC, 1/23/02)

1783        Jan 23, Stendahl (d.1842), [Marie Henri Beyle], French critic and writer (Le Rouge et de Noir), was born.  In 1997 Jonathon Keates published his book “Stendhal," which covers the writer’s life story. "Beauty is the promise of happiness." "One can acquire everything in solitude, except character."
    (WSJ, 3/25/97, p.A16)(AP, 12/4/97)(AP, 6/6/98)(MC, 1/23/02)

1789        Jan 23, Georgetown University was established by Jesuits in present-day Washington, D.C., as the 1st US Catholic college.
    (AP, 1/23/98)(MC, 1/23/02)

1793        Jan 23, Prussia and Russia signed an accord on the 2nd partition of Lithuania and Poland. The 2nd partition of Poland. Polish patriots had attempted to devise a new constitution which was recognized by Austria and Prussia, but Russia did not recognize it and invaded. Prussia in turn invaded and the two agreed to a partition that left only the central portion of Poland independent.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1677)(LHC, 1/23/03)

1800        Jan 23, Edward Rutledge (50), US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence), died.
    (MC, 1/23/02)

1806        Jan 23, William Pitt (46), the Younger, PM Great Britain (1783-1801 and 1804-1806), died. Pitt was the founder of the modern Conservative Party. In 2004 William Hague authored the biography “William Pitt The Younger."
    (http://dspace.dial.pipex.com/town/terrace/adw03/pms/pitt.htm)(WSJ, 2/9/05, p.D10)

1812        Jan 23, A 2nd major earthquake shook New Madrid, Missouri.
    (NH, 3/1/04, p.67)

1832        Jan 23, Edouard Manet (d.1883), French impressionist painter. His work was a major influence on the young artists who created the Impressionist movement. His style was influenced by the Spanish masters, particularly Velasquez. His work included the “Execution of Maximilian," “Luncheon on the Grass," the pastel “Portrait of Mademoiselle Lemaire," “In the Boat," “La Promenade" and “Le Journal Illustre" (ca. 1878-79)
    (WUD, 1994, p.871)(WSJ, 7/1/96, p.A11)(SFC, 8/21/96, p.A9)(AAP, 1964) (WUD, 1994, p.871)(WSJ, 2/13/97, p.A16)(DPCP 1984)

1845        Jan 23, US Congress decided all national elections would be held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November. The law was signed by Pres. John Tyler.
    (AP, 1/23/98)(WSJ, 3/13/00, p.A1)

1849        Jan 23, English-born Elizabeth Blackwell (1821-1910), the 1st woman to receive an American medical degree, graduated at the top of her class from the medical school of Hobart College, Geneva, NY.
    (http://campus.hws.edu/his/blackwell/biography.html)(ON, 4/03, p.2)

1865        Jan 23, General John Bell Hood was relieved of his command of the Army of Tennessee.
    (AH, 10/02, p.38)

1870        Jan 23, American army forces, looking for Mountain Chief's band of hostile Blackfoot Indians, fell instead upon Heavy Runner's peaceable Piegan band in Montana and killed 173, many of them women and children.
    (www.legendsofamerica.com/NA-Blackfoot.html)(SSFC, 12/25/05, p.M2)

1897        Jan 23, In San Francisco Fong Ching (aka Fung Jing Toy), was killed by two gunmen at the Wong Lung barbershop at 817 Washington St. Nobody was ever convicted. “Little Pete" (b.1864) was known as the king of Chinatown and had led the Sam Yup Tong. He was rumored to have killed 50 men and spent 5 years at Folsom Prison.
    (SFC, 2/17/09, p.A10)(SFC, 7/13/13, p.C2)

1898        Jan 23, Sergei Eisenstein, Russian film director (Battleship Potemkin), was born. [see Jan 10] 
    (MC, 1/23/02)

1899        Jan 23, Humphrey Bogart, U.S. actor was born. He won an Oscar for African Queen and also starred in Casablanca and The Maltese Falcon. [see Dec 25, 1899]
    (HN, 1/23/99)

1901        Jan 23, A great fire ravaged Montreal, resulting in $2.5 million in property lost.
    (HN, 1/23/99)   
1901        Jan 23, First female intern was accepted at a Paris hospital.
    (HN, 1/23/99)

1907        Jan 23, Hediki Yukawa, Japanese physicist (Nobel 1949), was born.
    (MC, 1/23/02)

1908        Jan 23, Edward Alexander MacDowell (b.1860), US composer (Indian Suite), died in NYC.
    (www.britannica.com/eb/article-9049692)

1909        Jan 23, The steamship Florida, with 850 Italian immigrant passengers, collided off Long Island with the luxury liner Republic, a steamship under Captain Sealby of the White Star Line. Jack Binns (26), a Marconi telegraph operator on the Republic, sent and received messages for hours into the crises and helped save 550 Republic passengers plus 192 crew. Only 6 people died in the collision. The event was made into a 1999 TV documentary "Rescue at Sea" as part of the American Experience PBS series.
    (WSJ, 2/8/99, p.A21)(ON, 7/04, p.6)

1913        Jan 23, The "Young Turks" revolted because they were angered by the concessions made at the London peace talks.
    (HN, 1/23/99)

1915        Jan 23, Potter Stewart, 94th Supreme Court justice (1958-81), was born in Mich.
    (MC, 1/23/02)
1915        Jan 23, John Chilembwe (1871-1915) staged an uprising in Malawi. He and 200 followers attacked local plantations that they considered to be oppressing African workers. They killed three white plantation staff, including plantation owner William Jervis Livingstone, whom they beheaded in front of his wife and small daughter.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Chilembwe)

1919        Jan 23, Ernie Kovacs, U.S. comedian, was born. His “The Ernie Kovacs Show" introduced viewers to his off-beat sense of humor.
    (HN, 1/23/99)

1920        Jan 23, The Dutch government refused demands from the victorious Allies to hand over Kaiser Wilhelm II, the dethroned German monarch who had fled to the Netherlands.
    (AP, 1/23/00)

1922        Jan 23, The first successful test on a human patient with diabetes occurred when a 2nd dose of insulin was administered to dangerously ill Leonard Thompson (14). Following the birth of an idea and nine months of experimentation, and through the combined efforts of four men at the University of Toronto, Canada, insulin for the treatment of diabetes was first discovered and later purified for human use. Rural Canadian physician Dr. F.G. Banting first conceived the idea of extracting insulin from the pancreas in 1920. He and his assistant C.H. Best prepared pancreatic extracts to prolong the lives of diabetic dogs with advice and laboratory aid from Professor J.J.R. Macleod. The crude insulin extract was purified for human testing by Dr. J.B. Collip. Insulin, now made from cattle pancreases, lifted the death sentence for diabetes sufferers around the world.
    (HNPD, 1/23/99)(www.insulinfreetimes.org/00_spring/giants.htm)

1928        Jan 23, Jeanne Moreau, actress (Going Places, Jules & Jim), was born in Paris, France.
    (MC, 1/23/02)

1932        Jan 23, New York Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
    (AP, 1/23/98)(HN, 1/23/99)
1932        Jan 23, El Salvador army killed 4,000 protesting farmers.
    (MC, 1/23/02)

1937        Jan 23, 17 people went on trial in Moscow during Josef Stalin's "Great Purge."
    (AP, 1/23/98)

1940        Jan 23, Pianist Jan Ignaz Paderewski became premier of Polish government in  exile.
    (MC, 1/23/02)

1942        Jan 23, At Novi Sad, Serbia, some 1200 people (predominantly Jewish), rounded up over a period of three days, were shot along the shores of the Danube. Their bodies were dumped into the frozen waters. Sandor Kepiro (1914-2011), a Hungarian gendarmerie officer, participated in the mass murder. In 1944 he was sentenced to 10 years in prison for his part in the atrocities, but conviction was later annulled. Kepiro, who was at the top of the Simon Wiesenthal Center's most-wanted war criminals list, returned to Hungary in 1996 after living for decades in Argentina. In 2011 Kepiro (96) was charged with war crimes in the slaughter, but was cleared by a court on July 18, 2011.
    (http://tinyurl.com/o5n5j3)(AP, 9/15/09)(AP, 2/14/11)(AP, 7/18/11)(AP, 9/3/11)

1943        Jan 23, In Mississippi Muddy Waters received two copies of “Country Blues," recorded by Alan Lomax for the Library of Congress, along with a check for $20.
    (ON, 8/20/11, p.5)
1943        Jan 23, Critic Alexander Woollcott suffered a fatal heart attack during a live broadcast of the CBS radio program "People's Platform."
    (AP, 1/23/98)

1944        Jan 23, Edvard Munch (b.1863), Norwegian painter and hopeless alcoholic, died. His work included “Kiss by the Window" (1892), “The Scream" (1893) and “Self Portrait With Cigarette" (1895). He had a breakdown in 1908 and retreated to Ekely, where he painted for his remaining years. He left behind a collection 1,008 paintings at his estate outside Oslo. In 2005 Sue Prideaux authored “Edvard Munch: Behind the Scream."
    (WSJ, 4/16/02, p.D7)(SSFC, 12/18/05, p.M2)(Sm, 3/06, p.60)(WSJ, 2/25/09, p.D7)

1945        Jan 23, Helmuth J. Moltke (37), German general, politician (July 20th Plot), was executed.
    (MC, 1/23/02)

1948        Jan 23, Director John Huston's "Treasure of Sierra Madre" starring Humphrey Bogart opened.
    (MC, 1/23/02)
1948        Jan 23, The Soviets refused UN entry into North Korea to administer elections.
    (HN, 1/23/99)

1949        Jan 23, The Communists Chinese forces began their advance on Nanking.
    (HN, 1/23/99)

1950        Jan 23, The Israeli Knesset approved a resolution proclaiming Jerusalem the capital of Israel.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.C2)(AP, 1/23/98)(HN, 1/23/99)

1951        Jan 23, President Truman created the Commission on Internal Security and Individual Rights, to monitor the anti-Communist campaign.
    (HN, 1/23/99)

1956        Jan 23, Alexander Korda (62), English movie producer (Henry VIII), died.
    (MC, 1/23/02)

1957        Jan 23, Princess Caroline of Monaco, was born.
    (HN, 1/23/99)
1957        Jan 23, Willie Edwards (25), US black, was murdered by KKK.
    (MC, 1/23/02)

1958        Jan 23, Venezuela gained liberties with the overthrow of Gen. Marcos Perez Jimenez, its last dictator. The social democrats' Democratic Action (AD) and the Christian Democrats (Copei) began alternating power and then entered into the power-sharing agreement called "Pacto de Punto Fijo." Rafael Antonio Caldera (1916-2009) was one of the three signers of the Punto Fijo pact, which organized democratic elections after the fall of Jimenez.
    (WSJ, 2/26/99, p.A15)(SSFC, 6/24/01, p.T6)(AP, 1/23/04)(AP, 12/24/09)

1960        Jan 23, The Bathyscaphe "Trieste" reached bottom of Pacific at 10,900 m. Jacques Piccard (1922-2008) and US Navy Lt.  Don Walsh descended for 20 minutes in the Trieste into the Mariana Trench, a 1,500 mile gash in the Earth’s crust east of the Philippines with a depth of 37,000 feet below sea level, nearly 7 miles.
    (SFC, 10/29/96, p.A11)(SFEC, 11/17/96, BR p.4)(AP, 11/1/08)

1962        Jan 23, Jackie Robinson became the 1st Black elected to Baseball Hall of Fame.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0732697/bio)
1962        Jan 23, British spy Kim Philby defected to USSR.
    (MC, 1/23/02)

1964        Jan 23, Arthur Miller's "After the Fall," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 1/23/02)
1964        Jan 23, The 24th amendment to the Constitution, eliminating the poll tax in federal elections, was ratified.
    (AP, 1/23/98)

1968        Jan 23, North Korea seized the U.S. Navy intelligence ship Pueblo, charging it had intruded into the communist nation's territorial waters on a spying mission. One crewman was killed in the attack. Cmdr. Lloyd Bucher (d.2004 at 76) was quickly separated from the 81-man crew. The crew was released 11 months later.
    (NG, 8/74, p.266)(AP, 1/23/98)(SFC, 10/2/01, p.A15)(SFC, 1/30/04, p.A25)

1969        Jan 23, Gregorio Ordonez, deputy mayor of San Sebastian, Spain, was assassinated by an ETA terrorist.
    (Econ, 5/17/08, p.66)(www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2001/basque/stories/overview.html)

1970        Jan 23, Evel Knievel made a motorcycle jump over parked cars and trucks at the Cow Palace in Daly City, Ca.
    (www.stevemandich.com/evelincarnate/eveltimeline.htm)

1973        Jan 23, President Nixon claimed that Vietnam peace had been reached in Paris and that the POWs would be home in 60 days, claiming the agreement will "end the war and bring peace with honor."
    (AP, 1/23/98)(www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/index-1969.html)
1973        Jan 23, Helgafell, an island of Heimaey, Iceland, erupted for the 1st time in 7,000 yrs.
    (www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=1702-01=&volpage=var)

1975        Jun 23, Former US Pres. Richard Nixon met with grand jurors at a California Coast Guard Station to testify under oath about the Watergate affair. The transcript was made public on Nov 10, 2011.
    (SFC, 11/11/11, p.A9)
1975        Jan 23, "Barney Miller" premiered on ABC with James Gregory (d.2002 at 90) as Inspector Luger based in a NYC police precinct. The series ended in 1982 after 172 episodes. Steve Landesberg (1945-2010) played the role of Detective Sgt. Arthur P. Dietrich. A spin-off called "Fish" was created in 1977 based on detective Phil Fish played by Abe Vigoda.
    (www.tv.com/barney-miller/show/345/summary.html)(SFC, 10/11/03, p.A18)(SFC, 12/22/10, p.C5)

1976        Jan 23, Paul Robeson (b.1898), black athlete, lawyer, singer, died in Philadelphia. Lloyd L. Brown later wrote the biography "The Young Paul Robeson: On My Journey Now." His granddaughter Susan Robeson in 1981 wrote "The Whole World in His Hands: A Pictorial Biography of Paul Robeson."
    (SFC, 3/26/98, p.A26)(WSJ, 4/9/98, p.A21)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Robeson)

1977        Jan 23, The TV mini-series "Roots," based on the Alex Haley novel, began a record breaking eight night broadcast on ABC.
    (AP, 1/23/98)(HN, 1/23/99)

1979        Jan 23, Willie Mays, former outfielder for the SF Giants, was elected to baseball's Hall of Fame.
    (SFC, 1/23/04, p.E2)
1979        Jan 23, The USAF's 388th Tactical Fighter Wing at Hill AFB, Utah, became the first unit anywhere to receive the F-16 Fighting Falcon. Lockheed Corp. produced the F-16 fighter jet. It became the first production military aircraft to incorporate a fly-by-wire control system.
    (WSJ, 3/22/96, p.A-1)(NPub, 2002, p.23)(www.f-16.net/timeline_1979.html)

1980        Jan 23, Pres. Jimmy Carter made his State of the Union address. His new American policy came to be known as the “Carter Doctrine." It was a pledge to defend US interests in the Persian Gulf, using military force if necessary.
    (www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/aureview/1983/jan-feb/grinter.html)

1981        Jan 23, Samuel Osborne Barber II (b.1910), American composer of classical music, died. His work ranged from orchestral, to opera, choral, and piano music. His Adagio for Strings, composed in 1936 and first performed in 1938, became his most famous composition.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Barber)
1981        Jan 23, Under international pressure, opposition leader Kim Dae Jung’s death sentence was commuted to life imprisonment in Seoul.
    (HN, 1/23/99)

1983        Jan 23, Cosmos 1402, a Russian nuclear powered satellite launched in 1982, fell into the Indian Ocean.
    (www.space.com/news/spacehistory/dangerous_reentries_000602.html)

1985        Jan 23, A debate in Britain's House of Lords was carried live on TV for the first time.
    (AP, 1/23/00)

1986        Jan 23, U.S. began maneuvers off the Libyan coast.
    (HN, 1/23/99)
1986        Jan 23, Joseph Beuys (b.1921), German artist, died. In 1997 an English edition of "The Essential Joseph Beuys" by Alain Borer was published.
    (SFEC, 8/31/97, BR p.8)(http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Beuys)

1988        Jan 23, More than 50,000 Israelis demonstrated in Tel Aviv to protest the treatment of Palestinians in the occupied territories.
    (AP, 1/23/98)
1988        Jan 23, Charles Glenn King (b.1896), biochemist, died. He and a team of students isolated vitamin C in 1932.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yn4zse)

1989        Jan 23, Vital Gaguine, leftist Argentine guerrilla, during a rebel attack on a military barracks in Buenos Aires. He was later identified as the bomber hired by the Sandinistas to kill Eden Pastora Gomez (May 30, 1984), a Nicaraguan anticommunist revolutionary.
    (AP, 8/26/11)
1989        Jan 23, A challenge to "Who is a Jew" law was filed in Israeli Supreme Court.
    (MC, 1/23/02)
1989        Jan 23, Surrealist artist Salvador Dali died in his native Spain at age 84. His autobiography was titled "Secret Life of Salvadore Dali." His work included 2 surrealist films made with Luis Bunuel: "Un Chien Andalou" and "L'Age d'Or." In 1984 Rafael Santos Torroella (d.2002 at 88), art historian, authored "La Miel Es Mas Dulce Que La Sangre" (Honey Is Sweeter Than Blood), considered one of the most important studies of Dali’s art. In 1998 Albert Field (d.2003), Dali expert, published his "Official Catalogue of the Graphic Works of Salvador Dali." In 1999 Ian Gibson published "The Shameful Life of Salvador Dali."
    (AP, 1/23/99)(WSJ, 1/25/99, p.A16)(SFEC, 7/16/00, p.T4)(SFC, 10/4/02, p.A26)(SFC, 8/15/03, p.A25)

1990        Jan 23, The 101st US Congress convened its second session, facing an agenda that included clean air legislation and deficit reduction.
    (AP, 1/23/00)
1990        Jan 23, In Oregon Keith Hunter Jesperson (b.1955) began his career as a serial killer with the sexual assault and murder of Taunja Bennett. He went on to murder 8 women. He was arrested in March, 1995. In October 1995 just before going to trial, he pleaded guilty to the murder of Bennett. Multnomah County Presiding Judge Donald H. Londer sentenced Jesperson to life in prison, setting a minimum 30-year prison term before being eligible for parole. Jesperson claimed to have murdered up to 160 people in California, Florida, Washington, Oregon and Wyoming.  In 2002 Jack Olsen (d.2002) authored “I: The Creation of a Serial Killer."
    (SSFC, 8/18/02, p.M2)(www.crimelibrary.com/serial_killers/predators/jesperson/murder_1.html)

1991        Jan 23, "Seinfeld" began at a regular slot on NBC-TV. Seinfeld initially debuted on NBC on July 5, 1989, in the guise of The Seinfeld Chronicles.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Seinfeld_episodes)
1991        Jan 23, After some 12,000 sorties in the Gulf War, General Colin Powell, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said allied forces had achieved air superiority, and would focus air fire on Iraqi ground forces around Kuwait.
    (AP, 1/23/01)
1991        Jan 23, Iraqi forces in Kuwait deliberately created a huge oil spill in the Persian Gulf.
    (SFC, 2/24/98, p.A9)

1992        Jan 23, Forty-seven nations, including the United States, agreed on a massive global humanitarian effort to rescue millions of hungry people in the former Soviet Union.
    (AP, 1/23/02)

1993        Jan 23, FBI Director William S. Sessions dismissed a Justice Department report accusing him of ethical abuses, accusing former Attorney General William P. Barr of a "crassly calculated attack."
    (AP, 1/23/98)

1994        Jan 23, Treasury Secretary Lloyd Bentsen, visiting Japan, met with Prime Minister Morihiro Hosokawa, who promised to go through with a scheduled summit with President Clinton.
    (AP, 1/23/99)
1994        Jan 23, The Dallas Cowboys and the Buffalo Bills won their respective NFL conference playoffs to set up a Super Bowl rematch.
    (AP, 1/23/99)

1995        Jan 23, The US Supreme Court ruled that companies accused of firing employees illegally could not escape liability by later finding a lawful reason to justify the dismissal.
    (AP, 1/23/00)
1995        Jan 23, A French team of paleontologists led by Michel Brunet on 1/23/95 discovered a lower jaw with 7 teeth and a separate canine of a hominid from 3.5 to 3 million years of age. The discovery was made in a dried lake bed of central Chad and named Australopithecus bahrelghazalia after the Arab name of a nearby river.
    (SFC, 5/23/96, p.A14)

1996        Jan 23, Delivering his State of the Union address to a skeptical Republican Congress, President Clinton traced the themes of his re-election campaign and confronted GOP lawmakers on the budget, demanding they “never—ever" shut down the government again.
    (AP, 1/23/01)
1996        Jan 23, The US Army disclosed that it had 30,000 tons of chemical weapons stored in Utah, Alabama, Maryland, Kentucky, Indiana, Arkansas, Colorado and Oregon.
    (WSJ, 1/23/96, p.A-1)
1996        Jan 23, Sandra Jensen became the first person with Down syndrome to receive a new heart and Lungs. The surgery was done at Stanford Univ.
    (SFC, 1/31/97, p.A19)
1996        Jan 23, France acknowledged that its nuclear testing had caused leaks of radioactive materials in the South Pacific.
    (WSJ, 1/25/96, A-1)

1997        Jan 23, The Age of Aquarius dawned at 12:56 p.m.
    (SFC, 1/24/97, p.A20)
1997        Jan 23, Cancer experts, who were supposed to settle a furious controversy over whether women should start having mammograms at age 40 or 50, decided instead to leave the decision up to patients. The recommendation outraged the American Cancer Society.
    (AP, 1/23/98)
1997        Jan 23, A new species of a carnivorous dinosaur from 120 million years ago was found in southern England. At 26-feet it was larger than a velociraptor but smaller than a tyrannosaurus rex.
    (SFC, 1/24/97, p.A15)
1997        Jan 23, The Rwandan army struck at Hutu insurgents and killed at least 310 in the northwest area. Hutu rebels were suspected of killing more than 50 people including 3 Spanish aid workers.
    (SFC, 1/24/97, p.A14)
1997        Jan 23, In Kragujevac, Serbia, opposition representatives tried to take over the TV station, but were blocked by the regime of Pres. Milosevic.
    (SFC, 1/24/97, p.A13)

1998        Jan 23, Fighting scandal allegations involving Monica Lewinsky, President Clinton assured his Cabinet that he was innocent.
    (AP, 1/23/99)
1998        Jan 23, A judge in Fairfax, Va., sentenced Mir Aimal Kasi to death for an assault rifle attack outside CIA headquarters in 1993 that killed two men and wounded three other people. Kasi was executed November 2002.
    (AP, 1/23/03)
1998        Jan 23, Pope John Paul II condemned the US embargo against Catholic Cuba.
    (www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/latin_america/jan-june98/pope_1-23.html)
1998        Jan 23, Pres. Carlos Menem ordered the navy to expel Alfredo Astiz, a former death squad officer. Astiz was sentenced in absentia to life in prison in France for the murder of 2 nuns and was wanted in Sweden for the murder of Dagmar Hagelin, a teenage girl. Astiz surrendered to Interpol in 2001. In 2009 Astiz went on trial for the deaths of 2 French nuns, a journalist and 3 founders of a human rights group.
    (SFC, 1/24/98, p.A10)(SFC, 7/3/01, p.A7)(SFC, 12/11/09, p.A2)
1998        Jan 23, From China it was reported that millions of workers were being laid off in the northeast industrial belt cities like Harbin and Shenyang.
    (SFC, 1/22/98, p.E2)
1998        Jan 23, In France a massive avalanche killed at least 11 people near the Italian border.
    (SFC, 1/24/98, p.A9)
1998        Jan 23, In Belfast, Northern Ireland, Liam Conway, a Catholic worker, was shot and killed. The Ulster Freedom Fighters earlier claimed responsibility for 3 Catholic deaths since new year’s Eve. The Ulster Volunteer Force was suspected in Conway’s death.
    (SFC, 1/24/98, p.A10)
1998        Jan 23, In Papua New Guinea warring parties on Bougainville signed a peace agreement that would go into effect on April 30. An estimated 10,000 people died during the 10 year civil strife, mostly non-combatants from untreated disease. Some 1,000 rebels died and about 2,200 government sympathizers.
    (WSJ, 3/18/98, p.A1,14)
1998        Jan 23, In Venezuela Alicia Machado (21), a former Miss Universe, drove the getaway car following an attempted murder by her boyfriend, Juan Rodriguez Reggeti.
    (SFC, 1/24/98, p.A10)

1999        Jan 23, Chief Judge Norma Holloway ordered Monica Lewinsky to submit to questioning from House Republican managers or Kenneth Starr.
    (SFEC, 1/24/99, p.A1)
1999        Jan 23, US jets attacked 2 Iraqi surface-to-air missile batteries after encountering anti-aircraft fire and MiG jets in the southern no-fly zone.
    (SFEC, 1/24/99, p.A16)
1999        Jan 23, Satellites detected a cosmic explosion that occurred some 9 billion light-years away in the direction of the constellation Bootes. The gamma ray burster, GRB 990123, was the largest since the first detected event in 1967.
    (SFC, 3/26/99, p.A2)
1999        Jan 23, Jay Pritzker, founder of the Hyatt hotel chain, died at age 76. He was listed in 1998 as the 20th richest man in America and created the $100,000 Pritzker Architectural Prize in 1979.
    (SFEC, 1/24/99, p.D8)
1999        Jan 23, In his visit to Mexico, Pope John Paul II urged his flock in the Americas to make the region a "continent of life."
    (AP, 1/23/00)
1999        Jan 23, In South Africa Sifiso Nkabinde, leader of the small United Democratic Movement party, was shot and killed in Richmond. Later gunmen in the same town killed 11 people who backed the ANC.
    (SFC, 1/25/99, p.A7)
1999        Jan 23, The Yugoslav government released 9 ethnic Albanians, captured Dec 14, while the KLA released 5 elderly Serbian civilians, captured Jan 21.
    (SFEC, 1/24/99, p.A20)

2000        Jan 23, At the 57th Golden Globe Awards "American Beauty" won the best dramatic film category, "Toy Story 2" won for best musical or comedy, and "The Sopranos" won for best dramatic TV series.
    (SFC, 1/24/00, p.D1)
2000        Jan 23, The Tennessee Titans advanced to the Super Bowl by beating the Jacksonville Jaguars 33-to-14 in the AFC Championship game. The St. Louis Rams defeated the Tampa Bay Buccaneers 11-to-6 to win the NFC Championship.
    (AP, 1/23/01)
2000        Jan 23, An ice storm in the Southeast and Midwest knocked out electrical services to a half-million customers. The storm caused a truck to jackknife north of Kansas City resulting in a multicar accident the killed 10 people.
    (SFC, 1/24/00, p.A2)
2000        Jan 23, NFL star Derrick Thomas was injured when the sport utility vehicle he was driving overturned on an icy road in Missouri; Thomas died February eighth. The crash also claimed the life of Thomas’ friend, Michael Tellis.
    (AP, 1/23/01)
2000        Jan 23, In Chechnya rebels ambushed Russian troops in Staraya Sunzha village and 8 soldiers were killed. The body of Gen. Mikhail Malofeyev was found in Grozny. A Chechen commander denied reports that Pres. Maskhadov was wounded.
    (SFC, 1/24/00, p.A7)
2000        Jan 23, In Spain some 1.1 million people marched in Madrid to protest the recent car-bomb attack by Basque separatists.
    (SFC, 1/24/00, p.A6)

2001        Jan 23, Pres. Bush proposed his No Child Left Behind (NCLB) education reform program. It was signed into law on Jan 8, 2002.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/No_Child_Left_Behind_Act)(Econ, 6/11/05, p.28)
2001        Jan 23, Spencer Abraham, energy secretary, extended 2 federal emergency orders forcing power suppliers to continue selling electricity and natural gas to California.
    (SFC, 1/24/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 23, California energy officials eked sufficient power out of tight West Coast electricity supplies to avoid rush hour blackouts as lawmakers scrambled to make longer-term deals to buy power.
    (AP, 1/23/02)
2001        Jan 23, Five people believed to members of Falun Gong set themselves on fire in Tiananmen Square. One woman and her daughter (12) died. In August 4 people were convicted of murder for organizing the self-immolation. A judge found that they had spread the notion that members could achieve nirvana through self-immolation.
    (SFC, 1/24/01, p.A12)(SFC, 8/18/01, p.A11)
2001        Jan 23, In Egypt Israeli-Palestinian peace talks were suspended after Palestinian gunmen executed 2 Israelis, alleged Shin Bet security agents, in Tulkarem.
    (SFC, 1/24/01, p.A13)
2001        Jan 23, India extended its cease-fire in Kashmir for a 3rd month.
    (WSJ, 1/24/01, p.A1)

2002        Jan 23, Pres. Bush said he would ask for $48 billion in additional spending for the armed services next year, the biggest defense spending increase in 20 years. Federal deficits were expected for the next 2 years.
    (SFC, 1/24/02, p.A1)(AP, 1/23/03)
2002        Jan 23, US authorities raised the reward for information leading to the arrest of the anthrax perpetrator to $2.5 million.
    (SFC, 1/24/02, p.A12)
2002        Jan 23, Enron CEO Kenneth Lay (59) resigned under pressure.
    (SFC, 1/24/02, p.A1)
2002        Jan 23-2002 Jan 24, US soldiers captured 27 Taliban fighters in Hazar Qadam, north of Kandahar. Gov. Jan Muhammad Khan later said that 60 people were killed and denied that any were Taliban or al Qaeda fighters. US military later acknowledged that some of the dead may have been allies. The captives were released Feb 6 and reported that they had been beaten and abused. The Pentagon acknowledged Feb 21 that 16 villagers were mistakenly killed.
    (SFC, 1/25/02, p.A18)(SSFC, 1/27/02, p.A8)(SFC, 2/2/02, p.A10)(SFC, 2/7/02, p.A19)(SSFC, 2/10/02, p.A18)(SFC, 2/11/02, p.A1)(SFC, 2/22/02, p.A16)
2002        Jan 23, John Walker Lindh, a U.S.-born Taliban fighter, was returned to the United States to face criminal charges that he'd conspired to kill fellow Americans.
    (AP, 1/23/03)
2002        Jan 23, It was reported that China was moving 17,000 settlers to a traditionally Tibetan region.
    (WSJ, 1/23/02, p.A1)
2002        Jan 23, In Congo some 22.5 tons of food was distributed to the volcano stricken people of Goma.
    (SFC, 1/24/02, p.A8)
2002        Jan 23, Israeli jets attacked Hezbollah sites in Lebanon after a disputed border area was shelled.
    (WSJ, 1/24/02, p.A1)
2002        Jan 23, Daniel Pearl, Wall Street Journal reporter, was kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan, by the "National Movement for the Restoration of Pakistani Sovereignty." A deadline to kill him was extended a day pending 4 demands that included: the return of Pakistanis in Cuba; access to lawyers for Pakistani detainees in the US; the return of a former Taliban ambassador; and the release of F-16 jets purchased by Pakistan in the 1980s. Ahmad Omar Saeed Sheikh became the chief suspect. Pearl was later murdered. In 2011 a Pearl Project report said at least 14 of 27 people involved in abducting and murdered Pearl were thought to remain free. And that four who have been convicted could be released if their appeal is ever heard because of false and contradictory evidence used in their trial.
    (SFC, 1/28/02, p.A8)(SFC, 1/30/02, p.A6)(SFC, 2/1/02, p.A24)(SFC, 2/8/02, p.A18)(AP, 1/20/11)
2002        Jan 23, Papua New Guinea voted to grant autonomy and the right to a referendum on total independence to Bougainville.
    (SFC, 1/24/02, p.A8)
2002        Jan 23, In Puerto Rico 17 people were charged in a corruption scandal that involved $4.3 million in diverted federal funds.
    (SFC, 1/24/02, p.A4)
2002        Jan 23, The UN sent famine relief to Zimbabwe.
    (SFC, 1/24/02, p.A8)

2003        Jan 23, The US Senate approved a $390 billion spending bill.
    (AP, 1/23/03)
2003        Jan 23, In Texas 2 military helicopters collided and 4 marine reservists were killed.
    (WSJ, 1/24/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 23, Actress Nell Carter (54) died in Beverly Hills, Calif.
    (AP, 1/24/04)
2003        Jan 23, In Porto Alegre, Brazil, the 3rd World Social Forum began as anti-globalization activists demonstrated at the start of the third annual summit on ways to limit the excesses of global capitalism.
    (AP, 1/23/03)
2003        Jan 23, South and North Korea agreed to peacefully resolve the international standoff over North Korea's nuclear programs after Cabinet-level talks.
    (AP, 1/23/03)
2003        Jan 23,  Hamas gunmen opened fire on a vehicle south of the West Bank city of Hebron and three Israelis were killed. Retaliatory raids wounded 6 in Gaza.
    (AP, 1/23/03)(SFC, 1/24/03, p.A11)
2003        Jan 23, The government of Kuwait said a Kuwaiti had confessed to the Jan. 21 shootings of two U.S. defense workers in Kuwait.
    (AP, 1/24/04)
2003        Jan 23, In northern Peru an explosion leveled an ammunition depot at a military base, killing seven people and injured 95.
    (AP, 1/23/03)

2004        Jan 23, The enduring situation comedy "Friends" filmed its final episode in front of an invitation-only audience.
    (AP, 1/23/05)
2004        Jan 23, US District Judge in LA, Aubrey Collins, ruled that a part of the Patriot Act, that makes it a crime to give expert advice to foreign terrorist organizations, was unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 1/27/04, p.A3)
2004        Jan 23, It was reported that Halliburton told the Pentagon that 2 employees took kickbacks at up to $6 million from a Kuwaiti-based company for supplying US troops in Iraq.
    (SFC, 1/23/04, p.A3)
2004        Jan 23, The Illinois Supreme Court upheld former Gov. George Ryan's powers to commute sentences, keeping 32 spared inmates off death row.
    (AP, 1/23/05)
2004        Jan 23, Bob Keeshan (76), who gently entertained and educated generations of children as television's walrus-mustachioed Captain Kangaroo, died. Keeshan's "Captain Kangaroo" debuted on CBS television in 1955 and ran for 30 years before moving to public TV for 6 more.
    (AP, 1/23/04)
2004        Jan 23, Helmut Newton (83), fashion photographer, died in a car accident in LA.
    (SFC, 1/23/04, p.A2)
2004        Jan 23, Vasili Mitrokhin (81), a KGB archivist whose defection opened up thousands of spy agency’s files to the West, died. He had been living in Britain under a false name and with police protection since his defection in 1992.
    (www.tribuneindia.com/2004/20040131/world.htm)
2004        Jan 23, A bomb planted in a meeting room exploded after a gathering of the Iraqi Communist Party, killing two men in an apparent attack on supporters of the U.S.-backed government
    (AP, 1/23/04)
2004        Jan 23, A Greek-owned cargo ship laden with cement sank near the Mediterranean island of Malta, Greece's Merchant Marine Ministry said. Two crewmen were rescued, but 15 were missing.
    (AP, 1/24/04)
2004        Jan 23, A fire tore through a wedding hall in southern India, killing 45 people, including the groom, and injuring the bride and dozens of guests.
    (AP, 1/23/04)
2004        Jan 23,The World Economic Forum began in Davos, Switzerland. The war in Iraq and the threat of terrorism dominated the Forum as the US appealed for cooperation on both issues and the U.N. chief warned that an overly narrow focus could worsen global tensions.
    (AP, 1/24/04)

2005        Jan 23, The Philadelphia Eagles defeated the Atlanta Falcons 27-10 to win the NFC championship game; the New England Patriots won the AFC championship by beating the Pittsburgh Steelers, 41-27.
    (AP, 1/23/06)
2005        Jan 23, Travel was slowed to a crawl at best across wide areas of the Northeast US and Canada as a huge snowstorm whipped up blizzard conditions with wind gusting to 60 mph, making highways treacherous, canceling hundreds of airline flights and slowing trains.
    (AP, 1/23/05)(WSJ, 1/24/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 23, Johnny Carson (b.1925), the 30-year host of the "Tonight Show," died. Carson's death was the result of complications from emphysema.
    (AP, 1/24/05)
2005        Jan 23, Sir William Deakin (91), a historian who founded St. Antony's College at Oxford University, helped Winston Churchill write about World War II, and led the first British mission to Marshal Tito's partisans in Yugoslavia, died in Var, France.
    (AP, 1/25/05)
2005        Jan 23, Police said suspected leftist rebels ambushed a candidate for the legislature in India's eastern state of Bihar, killing him and three supporters. Maoist rebels in Bihar have called for a boycott of next month's vote.
    (AP, 1/23/05)
2005        Jan 23, Indonesia raised its death toll from the disaster by as many as 7,000 people.
    (AP, 1/23/05)
2005        Jan 23, Iran's hard-line leadership ruled out allowing women to run for president in June elections, denying reports in the state-run media that it had decided to allow female candidates for the first time.
    (AP, 1/23/05)
2005        Jan 23, In Iraq fire swept through the general hospital in Nasiriyah, killing 14 people and injuring 75.
    (AP, 1/23/05)
2005        Jan 23, Israeli leaders said it willing to suspend military operations against Palestinian militants if they call off attacks.
    (AP, 1/23/05)
2005        Jan 23, Lebanon's finance minister played down the transfer by Iraq's Defense Ministry of $500 million in cash to a financial institution in Beirut, saying he would expect such a transfer to be legal if it was made by the Iraqi government. Iraqi officials in early January sent some $300 million on a charter jet to Lebanon to purchase weapons from int’l. arms dealers.
    (SFC, 1/22/05, p.A10)(AP, 1/23/05)
2005        Jan 23, Viktor Yushchenko was sworn in as president of Ukraine.
    (AP, 1/23/06)

2006        Jan 23, The US government cleared Pakistan from the threat of having its trade preferences withdrawn after the country took action to clamp down on copyright theft. The announcement coincided with a visit to Washington by Pakistani PM Shaukat Aziz, who told the US Chamber of Commerce that his government was serious about clamping down on copycat piracy.
    (AFP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 23, A US military jury at Fort Carson, Colo., ordered a reprimand, but no jail time, for an Army interrogator convicted of killing an Iraqi general.
    (AP, 1/23/07)
2006        Jan 23, The US Trade Representative's Office said a 2nd layer of sanctions on Ukraine has been removed because of that country's progress in fighting piracy of US music and films.
    (AP, 1/23/06)
2006        Jan 23, The US Treasury Department briefed South Korean officials on its investigations into suspected illegal financial activities by North Korea that Washington says helped fund Pyongyang's nuclear arms program.
    (AP, 1/23/06)
2006        Jan 23, West Virginia lawmakers passed a bill requiring mines to use electronic devices to track trapped miners and to stockpile oxygen to help keep them alive.
    (SFC, 1/24/06, p.A4)
2006        Jan 23, Alan Crotzer (45) was freed in Florida after DNA testing and other evidence convinced prosecutors he was not involved in the 1981 armed robbery and rapes that led to a 130-year prison sentence. DNA has been used to clear at least 172 people wrongly convicted of crimes in 31 states since 1989, according to the Innocence Project.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 23, US researchers reported  that chimpanzees may be more closely related to human beings than they are to other apes.
    (Reuters, 1/23/06)
2006        Jan 23, Albertson's Inc., the nation's second biggest traditional grocery store chain, said it has agreed to sell the company. The deal was valued at about $17.4 billion in cash and stock and debt to an investment group including supermarket chain Supervalu Inc. and drugstore chain CVS Corp. In June the new owners announced the closure of 37 underperforming stores in Northern California. In 2007 the remaining stores were renamed under the Lucky name.
    (AP, 1/23/06)(SFC, 1/24/06, p.E1)(SFC, 6/8/06, p.C1)(SFC, 7/19/07, p.C3)
2006        Jan 23, Ford Motor Co., the nation's second-largest automaker, said that it will cut 25,000 to 30,000 jobs and idle 14 facilities by 2012 as part of a restructuring designed to reverse a $1.6 billion loss last year in its North American operations.
    (AP, 1/23/06)
2006        Jan 23, African leaders began their annual summit in disarray, failing to resolve dissension over Sudan's bid to chair the 53-state body. An AU official said 5 African leaders have asked Sudan to withdraw its bid to head the African Union because the appointment could sink Darfur peace talks and dent the group's credibility.
    (AP, 1/23/06)
2006        Jan 23, In Australia commercial fishing was banned in Sydney's harbor due to dangerous levels of poisonous dioxin being found in prawns and fish. Prawn fishing had already been banned a month earlier. Greenpeace said some of the pollution originated in Homebush Bay on the Parramatta River, some 12 kilometers (7.5 miles) from Sydney Harbor Bridge. From 1957 to 1976 Union Carbide made chlorinated herbicides there, including 2,4,5,-T a component of the infamous Agent Orange used during the Vietnam War.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 23, Wildfires raged across southern Australia. A firefighter was killed as a fire truck overturned speeding to a blaze. Distraught ranchers shot cattle injured by the flames.
    (AP, 1/23/06)
2006        Jan 23, In northwest Bangladesh 6 people were killed and around 100 were wounded when police opened fire on a crowd of 10,000 rioting farmers demanding improved electricity supply.
    (AFP, 1/23/06)
2006        Jan 23, Belgian brewer InBev NV, the world's largest brewery by volume, said it has agreed to buy the largest brewer in China's Fujian province for 614 million euros ($740 million).
    (AP, 1/23/06)
2006        Jan 23, In Bolivia Evo Morales appointed a Marxist energy minister and a Cabinet of Indians, intellectuals and union leaders, backing his promise to establish a socialist shape.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 23, Canadians began voting on whether to send their Liberal Party packing after 13 years. Conservatives won and Stephen Harper pledged to quickly carry out his campaign promises to cut taxes, get tough on crime and repair strained ties with Washington.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 23, Canadian officials said a cow from Alberta had tested positive for mad cow disease.
    (SFC, 1/24/06, p.A5)
2006        Jan 23, In Chile Gen. Augusto Pinochet's wife and four grown children were indicted and ordered arrested on charges of tax evasion related to the former dictator's multimillion-dollar accounts at overseas banks.
    (AP, 1/23/06)
2006        Jan 23, China's Ministry of Health announced the country's 10th human case of bird flu infection after a 29-year-old woman from the southwest of the country was diagnosed with the H5N1 virus.
    (Reuters, 1/23/06)
2006        Jan 23, Saudi King Abdullah met with Chinese President Hu Jintao in Beijing, amid efforts by China to secure overseas oil and gas reserves for its power-hungry economy.
    (AP, 1/23/06)
2006        Jan 23, Ugandan rebels killed eight Guatemalan peacekeepers in Congo in an ambush near the border with Sudan. The gunbattle also left 15 attackers dead.
    (AP, 1/23/06)
2006        Jan 23, A senior envoy said Iran will immediately retaliate if referred to the UN Security Council next week by forging ahead with developing a full-scale uranium enrichment program.
    (AP, 1/23/06)
2006        Jan 23, A suicide car bomber killed at least three Iraqis Monday near the Green Zone housing the US Embassy and Iraqi government. 2 American servicemen died in a roadside bombing in Baghdad. 2 Marines died in a vehicle accident in western Iraq. Armed men, some wearing police commando uniforms, raided homes and a mosque in a predominantly Sunni Arab neighborhood of northern Baghdad. They shot and killed three men on the spot and detained more than 20.
    (AP, 1/23/06)(AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 23, Takafumi Horie, chief executive of Japanese Internet portal Livedoor, was arrested for alleged securities law violations in a scandal that has caused a week of turmoil in Japan's stock market. On Jan 25 Horie resigned from the board of Livedoor.
    (AP, 1/23/06)(Econ, 1/28/06, p.60)
2006        Jan 23, In Kenya a five-story building collapsed in central Nairobi with more than 280 construction workers inside, killing at least 14 people and injuring more than 60. The government next day said the owner and contractor of a building were rushing workers to complete the structure before the concrete on lower levels had set.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 23, In Mali a closing ceremony was held for a gathering of the World Social Forum. Other gatherings were set for Pakistan and Venezuela. The first World Social Forum was held in Brazil in 2001 and coincides each year with the market-friendly World Economic Forum of political and business leaders in Davos, Switzerland.
    (AP, 1/24/06)(SFC, 1/24/06, p.A2)
2006        Jan 23, Raul Osiel Marroquin was arrested in Mexico City. On Jan 26 he described killing four gay men. His arrest was the 1st confirmation of a serial killer targeting homosexuals.
    (AP, 1/26/06)
2006        Jan 23, In Montenegro a packed passenger train derailed and plunged into a steep river canyon outside the capital of Podgorica, killing at least 44 people and injuring more than 135, more than half of them children.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 23, Nepal's royal government vowed to hold municipal elections next month despite a boycott by major parties, street protests, a candidate's assassination and rebel violence that killed 26 over the weekend.
    (AP, 1/23/06)
2006        Jan 23, Russia's main intelligence agency said it had uncovered spying by four British diplomats, using electronic equipment inside a fake rock. The FSB then alleged that Britain was making covert payments to pro-democracy and human rights groups. In 2012 Jonathan Powell, a former Downing Street official, admitted for the first time that Britain was responsible for the James Bond-style spy plot involving the fake rock.
    (AP, 1/23/06)(AFP, 1/19/12)
2006        Jan 23, The family of Thai PM Thaksin Shinawatra sold their controlling stake in the telecom Shin Corp. for $1.87 billion to Singapore’s Temasek Holdings. Legal loopholes were used to avoid taxes on the sale.
    (WSJ, 2/6/06, p.C10)(Econ, 3/4/06, p.39)
2006        Jan 23, A Turkish court dropped charges against Orhan Pamuk, the country's best-known novelist, for insulting "Turkishness," ending a high-profile trial that outraged Western observers and cast doubt on Turkey's commitment to free speech. He had been charged under articles 301 and 305 of the penal code.
    (AP, 1/23/06)(Econ, 1/28/06, p.50)
2006        Jan 23, The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) appealed for $805 million to provide aid to children and mothers in 29 emergencies worldwide.
    (AP, 1/23/06)

2007        Jan 23, President Bush won cautious kudos in Europe and Asia for urging reduced dependence on oil and backing alternative energy sources in his State of the Union address, but his push for more troops in Iraq was widely derided. Bush called for 20% cut in gasoline consumption over the next decade.
    (AP, 1/24/07)(WSJ, 1/24/07, p.A1)
2007        Jan 23, US customs rules went into effect calling for passports for US citizens returning by air from any country including Canada, Mexico and Caribbean nations.
    (SFC, 1/22/07, p.A3)
2007        Jan 23, Two US inmates, a convicted rapist in Georgia and a man who was unjustly convicted of murder in New York but helped find the real killer from his prison cell, were granted their freedom after DNA tests proved their innocence.
    (AP, 1/24/07)
2007        Jan 23, E. Howard Hunt (b.1918), leader of the 1972 Watergate break-in, died in Florida. He described the affair in his book “Under Cover: Memoirs of an American secret agent" (1974).
    (SFC, 1/24/07, p.B7)
2007        Jan 23, In eastern Afghanistan a bomber blew himself up amid a crowd of workers outside a US military base, killing as many as 10 and wounding more than a dozen others in the deadliest suicide attack in four months.
    (AP, 1/23/07)
2007        Jan 23, Brazil said it had requested the US extradite two leaders of an evangelical church (Reborn in Christ) who allegedly used their followers' donations to buy mansions, a horse farm and apartments in Brazil and the US. Estevam Hernandes Filho (52) and his wife, Sonia Haddad Moraes Hernandes (48) were arrested by US customs agents in Miami earlier this month on charges of carrying a large sum of undeclared cash. The couple was sentenced to five months in prison, five months of house arrest and a probation period for failing to declare they were carrying more than $10,000 into the United States. They were also fined $60,000. Both returned to Brazil on Aug 1, 2009.
    (AP, 1/24/07)(AP, 8/2/09)
2007        Jan 23, British police arrested five men under anti-terror laws, in dawn raids reportedly linked to the escape of a terror suspect and the distribution of Islamist propaganda.
    (AP, 1/23/07)
2007        Jan 23, British police set up roadblocks to try to hinder scavengers who descended on a southwest England beach to pick through shipping containers that washed ashore from a stranded cargo vessel.
    (AP, 1/23/07)
2007        Jan 23, China Central Television banned all images and spoken references to pigs in order to avoid offending Muslims. The Year of the Pig was set to begin in February.
    (WSJ, 1/25/06, p.A1)
2007        Jan 23, Ethiopian troops who helped Somalia's government drive out a radical Islamic militia began withdrawing in military trucks and tanks.
    (AP, 1/23/07)
2007        Jan 23, A special committee of the European Parliament approved a report alleging EU nations including Britain, Poland, Germany and Italy were aware of secret CIA flights over Europe and the abduction of terror suspects by US agents into clandestine detention centers.
    (AP, 1/23/07)
2007        Jan 23, French doctors said that they had performed the world’s third partial face transplant on a man whose face was disfigured by severe tumors.
    (SFC, 1/24/07, p.A2)
2007        Jan 23, In northeast India suspected separatist rebels set off a large bomb in a crowded market in Gauhati, the capital of Assam state, killing at least one person and wounding 12.
    (AP, 1/23/07)
2007        Jan 23, The UN refugee agency said that men allegedly wearing uniforms of the Iraqi security forces abducted a group of 17 Palestinian refugees from a building rented by the agency in Baghdad. Two bombs struck separate Shiite targets in Baghdad, killing five people. A Blackwater USA security helicopter crashed in a Sunni neighborhood in central Baghdad and 5 men were shot execution style in the back of the head.
    (AP, 1/23/07)(AP, 1/24/07)
2007        Jan 23, Bertie Ahern, taoiseach of Ireland, launched a $238 billion national-development plan for the economy over the next 7 years.
    (Econ, 2/3/07, p.54)
2007        Jan 23, A Jordanian man fatally shot his 17-year-old daughter whom he suspected of having sex despite a medical exam that proved her chastity. The man surrendered to police hours after the killing, saying he had done it for family honor. On average, about 20 women in the country are killed by their relatives in such cases each year.
    (AP, 1/25/07)
2007        Jan 23, Hezbollah-led protesters paralyzed Lebanon, clashing with government supporters and burning tires and cars on roads in and around the capital to enforce a general strike aimed at toppling US-backed Prime Minister Fuad Saniora. Three people were killed and more than 170 wounded.
    (AP, 1/24/07)
2007        Jan 23, Mozambique’s National Institute for Disaster Management said torrential rains in central Mozambique had claimed five lives and rendered more than 3,500 homeless since the weekend.
    (AFP, 1/23/07)
2007        Jan 23, In southern Nigeria unidentified assailants seized oil engineers, an American and a Briton, in the latest kidnapping.
    (Reuters, 1/23/07)
2007        Jan 23, Dozens of masked gunmen claiming to be members of al-Qaida stormed an empty Gaza Strip beach resort and blew up a reception hall, saying they were sending a message to an ally of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.
    (AP, 1/23/07)
2007        Jan 23, Ryszard Kapuscinski (b.1932), Belarus-born Polish writer and journalist, died following heart surgery. He gained international acclaim for his books chronicling wars, coups and revolutions in Africa, the Middle East and other parts of the world. His books included "The Emperor" (1978), a chronicle of the decline of Haile Selassie's regime in Ethiopia. In 1981 he published "Shah of Shahs," a book about the 1979 Islamic revolution that toppled Iran's Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. His last book “Travels With Herodotus" was published shortly after his death. In 2012 Artur Domoslawski’s “Ryszard Kapuscinski: A Life" (2010), was translated to English by Antonia Lloyd Jones.
    (AP, 1/24/07)(WSJ, 6/9/07, p.P8)(SSFC, 7/22/07, p.M1)(Econ, 6/23/12, p.83)
2007        Jan 23, In northern Sri Lanka 2 roadside bombs exploded in Jaffna town, killing a government soldier and three civilians.
    (AP, 1/23/07)
2007        Jan 23, Hundreds of Venezuelans protested against a congressional measure that would grant President Hugo Chavez the power to pass laws by decree in areas from the economy to defense.
    (AP, 1/23/07)

2008        Jan 23, The US Congressional Budget Office estimated that the deficit for the current budget year will jump to about $250 billion, citing the weakening economy. This figure does not reflect at least $100 billion in red ink from an economic stimulus measure in the works.
    (AP, 1/23/08)
2008        Jan 23, Bechtel Corp. and its partner Parsons Brinckerhoff in Boston’s Big Dig announced an agreement to pay $407 million to settle a government lawsuit and avoid criminal charges over the 2006 collapse that left one woman dead.
    (SFC, 1/24/08, p.C1)
2008        Jan 23, Police in San Jose and Santa Clara, Ca., picked up over 70 people, part of more than 140 sought in the culmination of Operation Meltdown, a year-long undercover investigation into copper theft.
    (SFC, 1/24/08, p.B2)
2008        Jan 23, In Detroit Mayor Kilpatrick responded to revelations by the Detroit Free Press regarding an affair with a top aide in 2002-2003. He said that period represented a difficult time in his life. Some 14,000 text messages revealed that he had lied under oath during testimony in 2007 over the use of his security unit to cover up his extramarital affair with Christine Beatty, his Chief of Staff.
    (SFC, 1/24/08, p.A9)
2008        Jan 23, In Afghanistan a Canadian soldier was killed and two others were injured when a military convoy struck an improvised mine near the southern city of Kandahar.
    (Reuters, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 23, In Australia the final issue of The Bulletin magazine was published. It was launched in 1880 and became an institution in Australian publishing.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 23, Canada bowed out of the 2009 UN conference on racism in Durban, South Africa, saying it would likely "degenerate into ... expressions of intolerance and anti-Semitism."
    (AFP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 23, In Chile retired Col. Ivan Quiroz was arrested in the southern city of Concepcion after remaining at large for four months. He went into hiding to avoid a 10-year prison sentence in a human rights case dating from the dictatorship of Gen. Augusto Pinochet He had been convicted as member of a secret police unit that killed 12 members of a pro-communist urban guerrilla gang in 1987.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 23, In China a train ran into group of railway workers in eastern Shandong province, killing 18 and injuring nine others.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 23, The EU unveiled its comprehensive climate and energy proposals.
    (www.inforse.dk/europe/pdfs/INFORSE-on-EU-energy-package.pdf)
2008        Jan 23, Militia leaders signed a peace accord with Congo's government aimed at ending years of fighting in the country's restive east.
    (AP, 1/23/08)
2008        Jan 23, In France an economic commission headed by Jacques Attali issued a report: 300 Decisions for Changing France," which had been requested by Pres. Sarkozy.
    (Econ, 1/26/08, p.51)
2008        Jan 23, PM Costas Karamanlis became the first Greek premier to pay an official visit to Turkey in nearly 50 years, reflecting warmer ties between two countries that have come close to war several times.
    (AP, 1/23/08)
2008        Jan 23, In Iran a top interior ministry official said more than 2,000 reformers seeking democratic changes within Iran's hard-line ruling establishment have been disqualified from running in the upcoming parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 1/23/08)
2008        Jan 23, In Iraq an explosion struck an apartment building in Mosul shortly after police arrived to investigate a tip about a weapons cache inside, killing at least 38 people and injuring 225. The huge blast destroyed about 50 buildings in the Mosul slum. It was later blamed on the Seifaddin Regiment, some 150 foreign and Iraqi fighters who entered Iraq from Syria a few months earlier. A relief organization later said more than 60 people were killed and 280 wounded based on estimates from relatives who buried victims without officially registering them. Gunmen opened fire on an Iraqi army checkpoint in central Baghdad, killing 8 soldiers and wounding two.
    (AP, 1/23/08)(AP, 1/24/08)(SSFC, 1/27/08, p.A7)(AP, 1/28/08)
2008        Jan 23, Italy’s Premier Romano Prodi won a confidence vote in parliament's lower house, but his chances for success in the upper house appeared to worsen as more allies defected amid growing pressure on the center-left leader to resign.
    (AP, 1/23/08)
2008        Jan 23, In Malaysia tens of thousands of ethnic Indian Malaysians gathered at the Batu Caves temple outside Kuala Lumpur to celebrate Thaipusam, one of Hinduism’s biggest festivals. In past years over a million have turned out. The reduced turnout was due to a boycott called by the Hindu rights Action Force (Hindraf), despite PM Badawi’s promise to make Thaipusam a public holiday in the capital.
    (Econ, 1/26/08, p.42)
2008        Jan 23, Nepal's government reversed a fuel price hike after two days of nationwide protests and clashes in the capital.
    (AP, 1/23/08)
2008        Jan 23, Fifteen pilot whales died in beach strandings in southern New Zealand while rescuers monitored progress of 15 others toward safer waters.
    (AP, 1/23/08)
2008        Jan 23, Tens of thousands of Palestinians on foot and on donkey carts poured into Egypt from Gaza after masked gunmen used land mines to blast down a seven-mile barrier dividing the border town of Rafah.
    (AP, 1/23/08)
2008        Jan 23, A Polish military plane carrying 20 passengers and crew crashed in flames in northwestern Poland, killing all aboard including an air force general.
    (AP, 1/23/08)
2008        Jan 23, Russia said a new draft UN resolution on Iran's disputed nuclear program does not call for any harsh sanctions, and the Iranian president said new measures would not deter the country in its pursuit of nuclear technology.
    (AP, 1/23/08)
2008        Jan 23, Police in Moscow arrested Semyon Mogilevich, a suspected crime boss with alleged links to Russia's multibillion dollar gas business. Mogilevich, a Ukrainian-born Russian citizen, has long been sought by the FBI and Interpol.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 23, In Venezuela a dozen opposition parties formally launched the Coalition for Democratic Unity (MUD).
    (Econ, 2/11/12, p.39)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coalition_for_Democratic_Unity)

2009        Jan 23, President Barack Obama struck down the Bush administration's “global gag rule," a ban on giving federal money to international groups that perform abortions or provide abortion information, an inflammatory policy that has bounced in and out of law for the past quarter-century.
    (AP, 1/24/09)(WSJ, 1/24/09, p.A1)
2009        Jan 23, US federal fisheries regulators announced rules to protect marine mammals during Navy sonar training along the Atlantic coast and in the Gulf of Mexico. Similar regulations were issued previously by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration covering the West Coast and Hawaii.
    (SFC, 1/24/09, p.A2)(AP, 1/24/09)
2009        Jan 23, Gov. David Paterson picked Democratic US Rep. Kirsten Gillibrand to fill New York's vacant US Senate seat, a day after Caroline Kennedy abruptly withdrew from consideration.
    (AP, 1/23/09)
2009        Jan 23, Joseph Bruno (79), former majority leader of the New York Senate, was indicted on federal corruption charges.
    (SFC, 1/24/09, p.A3)
2009        Jan 23, Geron Corp., a Menlo Park, Ca., biotechnology company, announced that it had received a FDA clearance to mount a study of its stem cell treatment for spinal cord injuries in up to 10 patients.
    (WSJ, 1/23/09, p.A12)
2009        Jan 23, In Afghanistan a NATO soldier died in a bomb blast in the south of the country. Taliban militants attacked a police post in Kandahar province sparking a battle in which three policemen died. A roadside bomb blast struck a joint Afghan army and NATO forces convoy in western Farah province, killing an Afghan soldier and wounding five NATO troops.
    (AFP, 1/24/09)
2009        Jan 23, In Australia rescuers poured water on the parched skin of sperm whales beached on a remote sand bank on Perkins Island to keep them alive until the next high tide. All 45 whales died with 2 days.
    (AP, 1/23/09)(AP, 1/24/09)(AP, 1/25/09)
2009        Jan 23, Authorities in the Bahamas charged an island lawmaker and detained two other people in an alleged plot to extort money from actor John Travolta after the death of his son. Sen. Pleasant Bridgewater, an attorney from Grand Bahama, was arrested a day earlier and charged with abetment to extort and conspiracy to extort.
    (AP, 1/23/09)
2009        Jan 23, In Belgium Kim De Gelder went on a rampage at a day care center, stabbing two young children and a female worker to death and slashing 10 other children all over their bodies.
    (AP, 1/23/09)(AP, 3/22/13)
2009        Jan 23, Bolivia’s Pres. Evo Morales seized control of Pan-American Energy’s local natural gas producer and warned other privately owned companies they would face similar fates if they do not comply with Bolivian laws.
    (WSJ, 1/24/09, p.A6)
2009        Jan 23, The British economy was officially declared in recession as a galloping economic crisis has driven down the value of the British pound to a 23-year low and threatened to remake the country's political landscape.
    (McClatchy Newspapers, 1/23/09)
2009        Jan 23, Colombia's national police chief said that fugitive drug boss Daniel Rendon, the country's leading drug lord, has offered assassins a bounty of $1,000 for each police officer they kill. The defense minister said another 10 Colombian soldiers have been fired for negligence in connection with the killings of civilians to inflate guerrilla casualty figures. A major was the highest ranking of the 10 cashiered soldiers from the Popa Battalion in the northern city of Valledupar.
    (AP, 1/23/09)
2009        Jan 23, Indian PM Manmohan Singh was hospitalized and will undergo heart bypass surgery after doctors found blocked arteries.
    (AP, 1/23/09)
2009        Jan 23, Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoshiyar Zebari said Turkey, Iraq and the United States have agreed to set up a joint command center in northern Iraq to gather intelligence to fight Kurdish PKK rebels in the region.
    (Reuters, 1/23/09)
2009        Jan 23, Iraq's top security official called a decision by his government to close Camp Ashraf, housing some 3,500 members of an armed Iranian opposition group north of Baghdad "irreversible," saying the Iraqi authorities do not allow anti-Iran activities on their soil. Members of the terrorist People's Mujahedeen, known as the Mujahedeen-e-Khalq, will either be deported to Iran or be given the option of going to a third country. A bomb hidden inside a traffic police booth exploded in western Baghdad, killing a 7-year-old boy and wounding his mother.
    (AP, 1/23/09)
2009        Jan 23, Japan’s space agency (JAXA) launched Ibuki (breath), the first satellite dedicated to monitoring carbon dioxide emissions. Officials hoped to gather information on climate change and help the country compete in the lucrative satellite-launching business.
    (AP, 1/23/09)(Econ, 2/14/09, p.90)
2009        Jan 23, Officials said Liberia's worst caterpillar plague in three decades has spread to neighboring Guinea after swarms of the crop-eating insects devastated more than 45 towns.
    (AP, 1/23/09)
2009        Jan 23, In northern Norway an off-duty police officer shot and killed his ex-girlfriend with another officer's service pistol, then critically wounded himself outside the elementary school where she was a student teacher.
    (AP, 1/23/09)
2009        Jan 23, In Pakistan 2 suspected US missile attacks killed 14 people just east of the Afghan border. At least five victims were identified as foreign militants. A suicide attack and a roadside bomb killed two soldiers and three civilians in the Swat Valley.
    (AP, 1/23/09)
2009        Jan 23, In Puerto Rico three of five co-defendants reached plea agreements days after another co-defendant, former Acevedo aide Eneidy Coreano, agreed to testify in a federal corruption trial against former Gov. Anibal Acevedo Vila and have her charges dropped.
    (AP, 1/23/09)
2009        Jan 23, Said Ali al-Shihri, a Saudi man released from Guantanamo after spending nearly six years inside the US prison camp, is now the No. 2 of Yemen's al-Qaida branch, according to a purported Internet statement from the terror network.
    (AP, 1/23/09)
2009        Jan 23, In Sri Lanka assailants on motorbikes attacked and wounded a newspaper editor and his wife as they drove to work, the latest in a string of assault on journalists.
    (AP, 1/23/09)
2009        Jan 23, In Zimbabwe city workers in Harare began an indefinite strike, demanding to be paid in hard currency. President Robert Mugabe's ruling party refused to budge on opposition demands for a unity government, whose fate hinges on the outcome of a regional summit next week. The WHO said cholera in Zimbabwe has so far killed 2,773 people.
    (AP, 1/23/09)(AFP, 1/23/09)

2010        Jan 23, President Barack Obama said he can't imagine "anything more devastating to the public interest" than the Supreme Court's decision to ease limits on campaign spending by corporations and labor unions.
    (AP, 1/23/10)
2010        Jan 23, Abby Sunderland (16) of Thousand Oaks, Ca., sailed into the Pacific aboard a 4-foot craft called wild Eyes in an effort to become the youngest person to sail solo around the world. On April 24 Sunderland wrote on her blog that it would be "foolish and irresponsible" to keep going after losing use of her boat's main autopilot.
    (SFC, 1/25/10, p.A5)(AP, 4/25/10)
2010        Jan 23, In Texas an 800-foot oil tanker and towing vessel collided spilling oil in the southeast port of Port Arthur. The spill, estimated at 462,000 gallons, was contained to a 2-mile area along the Sabine Neches Waterway.
    (AP, 1/24/10)(SSFC, 1/24/10, p.A10)(SFC, 1/26/10, p.A8)
2010        Jan 23, Afghanistan’s Pres. Karzai unveiled an ambitious Western-funded plan to offer money and jobs to tempt Taliban fighters to lay down their arms. Militants in the south killed two US soldiers and kidnapped a police chief in a series of attacks. Insurgents killed 3 Afghan women in the eastern province of Paktika. 12 militants were killed in Helmand.
    (AFP, 1/23/10)
2010        Jan 23, Brazil extradited Manuel Juan Cordero Piacentini, a retired Uruguayan military officer, to Argentina to face charges of human rights abuses allegedly committed more than 30 years ago. Under "Operation Condor," the military dictatorships that ruled much of South America in the 1970s and 1980s secretly cooperated in the torture and disappearances of each others' citizens.
    (AP, 1/23/10)
2010        Jan 23, The British Department for Business Innovation and Skills halted the export of the ADE651 after a Jan 22 BBC Newsnight investigation challenged the claims of the company, ATSC. The broadcaster took the key aspects of the device to a laboratory, which concluded that a component intended to detect explosives contained technology used to prevent theft in stores. The government banned its export to Iraq and Afghanistan because of the risk that it could hurt British and allied forces.
    (AP, 1/23/10)
2010        Jan 23, Haiti's government declared the search and rescue phase for survivors of the earthquake over, saying there is little hope of finding more people alive 11 days after much of the capital was reduced to rubble.
    (AP, 1/23/10)
2010        Jan 23, The US Marine Corps wrapped up nearly seven years in Iraq, handing over duties to the Army and signaling the beginning of an accelerated withdrawal of American troops as the US turns its focus away from the waning Iraqi war to a growing one in Afghanistan. Iraqi-American contractor Issa T. Salomi (60) went missing in Baghdad. Shiite militants executed the kidnapping after luring him into central Baghdad with promises of visiting distant relatives. In a video that later surfaced, his abductors from the League of the Righteous, demanded the release of militants and the prosecution of Blackwater security contractors accused of killing 17 Iraqis in 2007 in Baghdad. Salomi was freed on March 25 in exchange for 4 militants.
    (AP, 1/23/10)(AP, 2/6/10)(SFC, 8/13/10, p.A3)
2010        Jan 23, In southern Mexico about 150 migrants were pulled off a train by unidentified assailants in the state of Oaxaca. On Jan 26 a Salvadoran official  filed a complaint with Mexican officials saying 3 men were slain and 4 women were raped in the attack.
    (AP, 1/26/10)
2010        Jan 23, In New Zealand 48 pilot whales stranded at Port Levy on South Island, but scores of volunteers joined Department of Conservation workers to refloat them off the shallow, muddy inlet. By the next day rescuers managed to coax 33 back out into deep waters, but another 15 of the pod died.
    (AP, 1/24/10)
2010        Jan 23, In central Nigeria a village headman said at least 150 bodies were recovered from wells following deadly Muslim-Christian clashes, taking the unofficial death toll past 400.
    (AFP, 1/23/10)
2010        Jan 23, In Pakistan a suicide bomber killed at least four people including two children in northwestern Gomal. Militants destroyed a NATO tanker outside Peshawar. Gunmen on a motorbike shot dead two soldiers and wounded two others in Khuzdar town, 350km (217 miles) south of Quetta, the capital of southwestern Baluchistan. Militants ambushed Pakistani security forces at checkpoints in the Orkazai and Kurram regions close to the Afghan border, sparking gunbattles that left 22 insurgents and two troops dead.
    (AFP, 1/23/10)(AP, 1/23/10)(SSFC, 1/24/10, p.A8)
2010        Jan 23, Russian PM Vladimir Putin declared that peace has returned to North Caucasus, the center of a growing Islamist insurgency, and called for the region's economy to be rebuilt. He also ordered officials in the North Caucasus to ensure what he called the "normal work" of human rights groups operating in the volatile region.
    (Reuters, 1/23/10)(AP, 1/23/10)
2010        Jan 23, Saudi Arabia’s assistant defense minister said Saudi forces have recovered the bodies of 20 soldiers who had been reported missing in fierce battles with Yemeni rebels on the border, raising the Saudi death toll in the conflict to 133.
    (AP, 1/23/10)
2010        Jan 23, In Sudan a military spokesman said at least 24 people have been killed in clashes in the troubled southern Sudanese state of Jonglei in recent days.
    (AFP, 1/23/10)
2010        Jan 23, In Venezuela tens of thousands opposed to President Hugo Chavez took to the streets, blaming him for rolling blackouts, water rationing, widespread crime and other problems they say are making daily life increasingly difficult. This day marked the 1958 uprising that ousted Venezuela’s last military dictator. The Chavez regime told cable TV operators to stop carrying RCTV, a pro-opposition channel.
    (AP, 1/24/10)(Econ, 1/30/10, p.44)

2011        Jan 23, In Indiana police officer David Moore was shot twice in the face during a traffic stop in Indianapolis. On Jan 26 Moore was declared brain dead.
    (SFC, 1/27/11, p.A6)
2011        Jan 23, In Detroit, Michigan, Lamar D. Moore (38) opened fire at the 6th precinct on Warwick and Plymouth and wounded 4 police officers before he was shot killed.
    (www.msnbc.msn.com/id/41228464/ns/us_news-crime_and_courts/)
2011        Jan 23, In Oregon Lincoln City police officer was shot and critically injured during a traffic stop. Gunman David Anthony Durham escaped the scene.
    (SFC, 1/29/11, p.A6)
2011        Jan 23, Jack LaLanne (96), fitness fanatic, died. He was still pumping iron and pushing fruits and vegetables decades past most Americans' retirement age.
    (AP, 1/24/11)
2011        Jan 23, Afghan lawmakers set aside a demand for President Hamid Karzai to scrap a controversial court probing election fraud, paving the way for parliament to convene in three days after weeks of in-fighting.
    (AP, 1/23/11)
2011        Jan 23, In Bangladesh tens of thousands of Muslims seeking peace and the revival of Islam's tenets joined a mass prayer to wrap up an annual three-day Islamic congregation outside the capital on the bank of the River Turag.
    (AP, 1/23/11)
2011        Jan 23, In Belgium tens of thousands of protesters marched through the Brussels in support of national unity and to demand that the rival political groupings finally form a coalition after seven months without a government.
    (AP, 1/23/11)
2011        Jan 23, Voting began in the Central African Republic for presidential and parliamentary polls, with incumbent President Francois Bozize tipped to retain power amid charges of fraud. On Feb 1 provisional results said Francois Bozize re-elected to a 2nd term as president with 66% of the vote.
    (AFP, 1/23/11)(AP, 2/2/11) 
2011        Jan 23, In the Dominican Rep. a 3-year-old boy of Haitian descent was killed when a group of Dominican men burned down four family homes in revenge for an alleged assault.
    (AP, 1/25/11)
2011        Jan 23, Iran's state TV said the country has launched its first cyber police unit in the latest attempt by authorities to gain an edge in the digital world.
    (AP, 1/23/11)
2011        Jan 23, In Iraq a flurry of morning bombs killed 10 people and wounded 34 around Baghdad. At least two car bombs exploded, apparently targeting police patrols, killing two policemen and a bystander, while two other people were killed when the offices of the government sewage department in downtown was bombed. Another bomb exploded as a bus of Iranian pilgrims drove by, killing one and injuring nine. In the town of Taji, a car bomb killed a farmer and his son heading to a nearby market. In the nearby town of Tarmiyah, a bomb planted outside a school went off, killing two young boys.
    (AP, 1/23/11)
2011        Jan 23, In Mexico gunmen spraying automatic weapons fire killed 7 people at a park that had been built as an anti-violence measure in Ciudad Juarez. 7 other drug gang suspects were killed in a series of gunbattles outside the northern city of Monterrey. They included a top operator of the Zetas drug gang known as "Comandante Lino." Another seven-hour shootout between soldiers and gunmen broke out in Los Mochis, Sinaloa state. One gunman was killed and two soldiers were wounded.
    (AP, 1/24/11)
2011        Jan 23, In northern Nigeria suspected members of an Islamist sect, blamed for a series of attacks in Maiduguri, shot dead a soldier guarding a church and stole his rifle. Suspected members of the Boko Haram sect shot two soldiers to death and injured another manning a checkpoint in northern Biu village.
    (AFP, 1/23/11)(AP, 1/25/11)
2011        Jan 23, North Korea's leader Kim Jong Il held talks with an Orascom Telecom Executive Naguib Sawiris, an Egyptian telecoms magnate. In 2008 Orascom set up and began operating an advanced mobile phone network in North Korea.
    (AP, 1/24/11)
2011        Jan 23, In eastern Pakistan authorities arrested 21-year-old Saima Bibi's father and three of her uncles in a small village. Police a day earlier recovered Bibi's body, which had burn marks indicating she had been electrocuted. The woman had eloped with another villager a month ago and got married in the southern port city of Karachi.
    (AP, 1/23/11)
2011        Jan 23, In Pakistan Sultan Amir Tarar, a former Pakistani spy who helped the Taliban rise to power in Afghanistan, was reported to have died under captivity 10 months after he was seized in northwest Pakistan. Tarar, better known as Col. Imam, played a major role in funneling Pakistani support and training to Afghans fighting Soviet rule in the 1980s, a push in large part financed by the CIA. On Feb 19 the Pakistani Taliban claimed it had killed Tarar.
    (AP, 1/24/11)(AP, 2/19/11)
2011        Jan 23, In Pakistan a pair of suspected US drone strikes killed six alleged militants in Datta Khel, North Waziristan. A 3rd strike killed at least six militants in Mando Khel.
    (AP, 1/23/11)(AFP, 1/23/11)
2011        Jan 23, In southern Pakistan a bus slammed into an oil tanker before dawn, setting off a blazing inferno that gutted both vehicles and killed 32 people.
    (AP, 1/23/11)
2011        Jan 23, In the northern Philippines suspected communist rebels shot and killed Rizal town police chief Antonio Rueco, and four other officers, including his wife, after detonating roadside bombs under their patrol car.
    (AP, 1/23/11)
2011        Jan 23, Portuguese voted in an election looking certain to return President Anibal Cavaco Silva for a second term, a result that would uphold the government's efforts to avoid an international financial bailout.
    (Reuters, 1/23/11)
2011        Jan 23, South African police raided apartments linked to a Nigerian man facing terrorism charges in South Africa, killing one tenant and wounding another person.
    (AP, 1/24/11)
2011        Jan 23, Sudanese government forces swept the Zamzam camp on the outskirts of the Darfur’s historical capital El-Fasher, arresting 37 people and seizing weapons and ammunition. The camp is considered a stronghold of Minnawi's faction of the Sudan Liberation Army.
    (AFP, 1/25/11)
2011        Jan 23, South Sudan’s referendum commission's website said provisional results from the referendum showed that almost 99 percent of voters have chosen independence, after 98.7 percent of the votes had been counted. Turnout exceeded 100 percent in several areas, and a top election official said that some results were being quarantined.
    (AP, 1/23/11)
2011        Jan 23, In Tunisia thousands of anti-government protesters rallied outside PM Mohammed Ghannouchi's office, calling for him to quit after the downfall of the north African state's 23-year regime.
    (AFP, 1/23/11)
2011        Jan 23, UN Development Program spokesman Stephane Dujarric said that the program's policy bars it from sharing internal audit reports with the Global Fund, but that it is reassessing that policy. Investigators for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria said donated prescription drugs wind up being sold on the black market. As much as two-thirds of some grants have been eaten up by corruption.
    (AP, 1/24/11)
2011        Jan 23, In Venezuela allies and adversaries of President Hugo Chavez took to the streets of the capital by the thousands, staging rival demonstrations to commemorate the 53rd anniversary of Venezuela's democracy.
    (AP, 1/24/11)
2011        Jan 23, Yemeni police arrested Tawakul Abdel-Salam Karman, a woman activist for leading anti-government protests, setting off a second day of street demonstrations.
    (AP, 1/24/11)
2011        Jan 23, Zimbabwean police drove out scores of so-called war veterans and supporters of Pres. Robert Mugabe after they declared themselves new owners of several tourist resorts.
    (AFP, 1/24/11)

2012        Jan 23, Severe storms and possible tornadoes pounded the South, injuring more than 100 people and killing at least two in Alabama, including a man who lived in an area devastated by a deadly twister outbreak in the spring.
    (AP, 1/23/12)
2012        Jan 23, An Afghan toddler was accidentally killed and the child's parents were wounded when Danish soldiers blew up a roadside bomb in Helmand province.
    (AP, 1/26/12)
2012        Jan 23, A billion-plus Asians welcomed the Year of the Dragon with a cacophony of fireworks, hoping the mightiest sign in the Chinese zodiac will usher in the wealth and power it represents.
    (AFP, 1/23/12)
2012        Jan 23, A British court heard that Turkish-Cypriot business magnate Asil Nadir (70), one of Britain's most infamous fugitives, stole almost £150 million from his Polly Peck business empire. Nadir fled to northern Cyprus in 1993, months before he was due to stand trial for fraud, but dramatically returned to Britain in August 2010 and was immediately arrested.
    (AFP, 1/23/12)
2012        Jan 23, Martin Smith (46), a former TV psychic from North Shields, was found dead at HMP Manchester, formerly Strangeways Prison. Smith was jailed for 16 years in March 2011 after being found guilty of a string of offences including rape, attempted rape and indecent assault. His wife Lianne Smith (43) faced murder charges for the deaths of their 2 children in a hotel in Spain in 2010.
    (AFP, 1/25/12)
2012        Jan 23, British adventurer Felicity Aston (34) finished her Antarctic crossing, becoming the first woman to ski across the icy continent alone.
    (AP, 1/23/12)
2012        Jan 23, In China Police opened fire on Tibetans protesting against religious repression, killing at least one person and injuring more than 30 others in Sichuan province's Luhuo county.
    (AFP, 1/23/12)
2012        Jan 23, Egypt's parliament met for the first time since a popular uprising ousted Hosni Mubarak. The parliament elected Saad al-Katatni, a leading member of the powerful Muslim Brotherhood, as speaker. The exact role of parliament remained unclear, with power remaining in the hands of the generals who took power from former president Mubarak.
    (AFP, 1/23/12)
2012        Jan 23, The EU and Iran raised the stakes in their test of wills over the Islamic republic's nuclear program, with the bloc banning the purchase of Iranian oil and Iran threatening to retaliate by closing the Strait of Hormuz.
    (AP, 1/23/12)
2012        Jan 23, Indian police said they had arrested two people in connection with triple blasts in Mumbai in July last year which claimed 27 lives. The two suspects from the eastern state of Bihar are accused of taking orders from the alleged mastermind Yasin Bhatkal.
    (AFP, 1/23/12)
2012        Jan 23, Indian navy personnel took command of the country's first nuclear-powered submarine in two decades after collecting the vessel near the Russian port of Vladivostok. India decommissioned its last Soviet-built vessel in 1991.
    (AFP, 1/22/12)
2012        Jan 23, The Honein jihadist forum posted a message vowing further attacks against Iraqi Shiites.
    (AFP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 23, The International Criminal Court ruled that two leading presidential hopefuls are among four prominent Kenyans whom should face trial over deadly post-election violence four years ago. The ICC said charges of crimes against humanity had been confirmed against William Ruto and Uhuru Kenyatta, the son of the country's founding president. Radio host Joshua arap Sang (36) and Francis Muthaura (65), the head of Kenya's civil service, will also face trial.
    (AFP, 1/23/12)
2012        Jan 23, Israeli police arrested 2 lawmakers from the militant Palestinian party Hamas after hiding for over a year inside a Red Cross compound in Jerusalem. Khaled Abu Arfa and Mohammed Totah had sought refuge in the compound on July 1, 2010, to escape Israeli arrest.
    (AP, 1/23/12)
2012        Jan 23, Japanese high-tech giant Hitachi said it will stop making televisions by the end of September as intense price competition hurts TV earnings at many electronics manufacturers worldwide.
    (AFP, 1/23/12)
2012        Jan 23, In Libya supporters of slain Libyan dictator Moamer Kadhafi reportedly seized control of Bani Walid, his one-time bastion. At least 7 people were killed and 25 others wounded. The fighters who rose up in Bani Walid belong to Brigade 93, a militia created by Gadhafi loyalists who reassembled after the fall of the regime in August. These claims were strongly denied by Interior Minister Fawzi Abdelali. The fighting pitted the May 28 Brigade of former rebel fighters against a group of heavily armed residents who had come to the base to seek the release of a relative from custody.
    (AFP, 1/23/12)(AP, 1/24/12)(SFC, 1/24/12, p.A2)(AFP, 1/24/12)(AFP, 1/27/12)
2012        Jan 23, In Malawi scores of lawyers wore their court white wigs and black robes as they marched around court buildings in the commercial capital, Blantyre, to support court clerks who have been striking for higher pay for two weeks. The strikers have said they won't return to work until they get increases of 40% promised in 2006 and 50% promised in 2009. Clerks earned an average of 16,200 kwacha ($100) a month.
    (AP, 1/23/12)
2012        Jan 23, In Mexico two rear admirals took over as directors of traffic police in the neighboring cities of Veracruz and Boca del Rio, as part of an effort to root out corruption. Five police officers were fatally shot after they stopped a vehicle in a town outside Mexico City. A member of La Familia Michoacana drug cartel, who police say was responsible for collecting extortion money from bars in the area, was killed in the attack. On Jan 25 Mexico State prosecutor Alfredo Castillo said the officers from the town of Ixtapaluca had asked the four La Familia Michoacana cartel members in the vehicle for 6,000 pesos (about $460) to let them go.
    (AP, 1/23/12)(AP, 1/24/12)(AP, 1/25/12)
2012        Jan 23, In Pakistan a US drone fired two missiles into a vehicle, killing four militants at Degan village in North Waziristan.
    (AFP, 1/23/12)
2012        Jan 23, Russia's business daily Kommersant reported that Moscow has signed a contract to sell 36 Yak-130 combat jets to Syria, a deal that, if confirmed, would openly defy international efforts to pressure Assad's regime.
    (AP, 1/23/12)
2012        Jan 23, South Sudanese President Salva Kiir accused Sudan of stealing $815 million of the crude oil that makes up the new nation's economic lifeblood, as it began a production shutdown in protest. At least one Sudanese refugee boy was injured and 14 others left missing following an air raid in South Sudan.
    (AFP, 1/23/12)(AFP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 23, Syria rejected the Arab League's wide-ranging new plan to end the country's 10-month crisis, saying the League's call for a national unity government in two months is a clear violation of Syrian sovereignty. The EU backed the Arab plan, and it extended existing sanctions against Assad's government by adding 22 more officials and 8 companies to the blacklist. Troops and army defectors clashed near the western town of Qusair. It said five soldiers were killed and 13 were wounded. The LCC put today’s death toll at 10. Funerals in Douma drew more than 150,000 people. Radwan Rabih Hamadi (46), a prominent opposition figure, was ambushed and assassinated by gunmen.
    (AP, 1/23/12)(AP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 23, Turkey threatened more sanctions for France if the Senate in Paris votes later today to make it a crime to deny the 20th-century killing of Armenians by Ottoman Turks constitutes a genocide. France's parliament approved the bill later in the day.
    (AP, 1/23/12)(AP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 23, In Yemen a wave of mutinies demanding the ouster of the air force commander spread to four military air bases. The president’s half-brother, Maj. Gen. Mohammed Saleh, remained commander of the air force.
    (AP, 1/23/12)

2013        Jan 23, Senior defense officials said Pentagon chief Leon Panetta is removing the military's ban on women serving in combat, opening hundreds of thousands of front-line positions and potentially elite commando jobs after more than a decade at war.
    (AP, 1/23/13)
2013        Jan 23, Two former members of the Church of Scientology claimed in a lawsuit filed inm Tampa. Florida, that the church and its affiliates deceived members into donating millions of dollars to misrepresented causes.
    (AP, 1/23/13)
2013        Jan 23, Pebble Technology, an American maker of smart watches, began shipping it’s $150 digital wrist watches that can show e-mail, text and Facebook messages. Eric Migicovsky's company launched a Kickstarter campaign on April 11, 2012, with an initial fundraising target of $100,000. On May 18, 2012, funding closed with $10,266,844 pledged by 68,928 people.
    (Econ, 1/26/13, p.58)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pebble_%28watch%29)
2013        Jan 23, A small plane crashed in an Antarctic mountain range while carrying 3 Canadians between scientific research stations on the continent.
    (AP, 1/24/13)
2013        Jan 23, Argentina’s defense minister, Arturo Puricelli, expressed shame after the Navy destroyer ARA Trinidad sank at its moorings. Congressman Julio Martinez said of a total of 70 navy ships only 16 are in sailing condition.
    (SFC, 1/24/13, p.A2)
2013        Jan 23, British PM David Cameron promised to give Britons a referendum choice on whether to stay in the European Union or leave if he wins an election in 2015.
    (AP, 1/23/13)
2013        Jan 23, A new report said irresponsible lending and intimidating debt collectors are pushing thousands of people in Britain into depression and suicide. Separate data showed more people are taking their own lives.
    (Reuters, 1/23/13)
2013        Jan 23, A France-based human rights group charged that Malian forces had committed about 33 killings since new fighting erupted Jan 10.
    (AP, 1/23/13)
2013        Jan 23, In northern Iraq a suicide bomber blew himself up among Turkmen mourners at a Shiite funeral, killing at least 35 people in Tuz Khormato. Another 117 were wounded.
    (AP, 1/23/13)(SFC, 1/24/13, p.A4)
2013        Jan 23, Jordanians voted in a first electoral test for their king's political reforms. A boycott from his Islamist-led opponents cast doubt over whether the vote would quell two years of simmering dissent in the streets. Islamists and other government critics won 37 seats of 150 up for grabs in the newly empowered parliament.
    (AP, 1/23/13)(AP, 1/24/13)   
2013        Jan 23, In Mexico 6 victims were found dismembered in Tuluca. Prosecutors said the dismemberment killings over the past 10 days of 16 people, allegedly lookouts or informants for rival gangs, was the work of a drug cartel.
    (SFC, 1/24/13, p.A2)
2013        Jan 23, Morocco’s government announced plans to change the penal code to outlaw the traditional practice of allowing those convicted of "corruption" or "kidnapping" of a minor to go free if they marry their victim.
    (AP, 1/23/13)
2013        Jan 23, In southwest Nigeria a gasoline pipeline was attacked in Arepo, bursting into flames and starting a fire that continued to burn hours later. Officials blamed oil thieves. In the northeast suspected fighters from the Boko Haram radical Islamist sect beheaded three people in Maiduguri.
    (AP, 1/23/13)
2013        Jan 23, Cardinal Jozef Glemp (83), the longtime head of Poland's influential Roman Catholic church, died. He helped lead the nation peacefully through martial law and the fight against communism.
    (AP, 1/24/13)
2013        Jan 23, In Russia Lyudmila Garifulina (63), a member of the legislature in the town of Staraya Kupavna, was attacked outside her apartment building. She was stabbed four times with a knife. She opposed a construction project that would destroy a forest just outside Moscow.
    (AP, 1/25/13)
2013        Jan 23, In Slovenia a massive austerity strike began as the the main coalition partner walked out of the government over corruption allegations against PM Janez Jansa.
    (SFC, 1/24/13, p.A2)
2013        Jan 23, Rights groups called for the Somali government to release a journalist arrested by police for interviewing a woman who said she was raped by government security forces. Freelance journalist Abdiaziz Abdinur Ibrahim and three others accused in the case have been held for more than a week without charge. Journalist Abdiaziz Abdinur was later charged with insulting a government body and inducing the woman to give false evidence. On March 17 Somalia's Supreme Court overturned Ibrahim’s widely criticized conviction.
    (AP, 1/23/13)(AP, 1/31/13)(AP, 3/18/13)
2013        Jan 23, In Syria a rocket fired by regime forces slammed into Abu Taltal, a northern rebel-held village, killing six members of a single family. Violence was reported elsewhere with air raids around the capital Damascus and clashes and shelling in the southern province of Daraa and the central region of Homs.
    (AP, 1/23/13)
2013        Jan 23, In Thailand Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a prominent activist and magazine editor, was sentenced to a decade in prison for defaming the country’s monarchy.
    (AP, 1/23/13)
2013        Jan 23, Vietnam announced the arrest of Pham Thanh Tan,former head of the state-owned Agribank, for irresponsibility causing serious consequences. This was the 5th arrest of a senior Agribank executive in as many months. The previous four faced charges of embezzlement and theft totalling some $7 million.
    (Econ, 2/2/13, p.64)
2013        Jan 23, In Yemen a US drone strike on a car outside the capital of Sanaa killed at least seven suspected al-Qaida militants.
    (AP, 1/23/13)

2014        Jan 23, In Oakland, Ca., Justice Toliver was shot and killed by her brother (14) with a hand gun following a quarrel over laundry. The boy fled the scene but surrendered after a few days. On Jan 30 he was charged in juvenile court with murder.
    (SFC, 1/31/14, p.D3)
2014        Jan 23, A group of dead pilot whales, 16 females and 9 males, were spotted by boaters near Kice Island, Florida. Earlier this week, eight other whales were found dead after they swam into shallow waters near Fort Myers. Necropsies began the next day.
    (Reuters, 1/25/14)(SFC, 1/25/14, p.A5)
2014        Jan 23, Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder announced a plan to ask Pres. Obama for 50,000 visas for immigrants willing to move to Detroit.
    (SFC, 1/24/14, p.A8)
2014        Jan 23, NYC police arrested Vincent Asaro (78) and charged him with helping direct the Dec 11, 1978, Kennedy Airport robbery that netted almost $6 million in cash and jewelry. Asaro was named along with his son, both captains in the Bonanno crime family, and three other defendants in a wide-ranging indictment.
    (SFC, 1/24/14, p.A22)
2014        Jan 23, Virginia's attorney general has concluded that the state's ban on gay marriage is unconstitutional. His office said he will no longer defend it in federal lawsuits challenging it.
    (AP, 1/23/14)
2014        Jan 23, In Afghanistan a gunman on a motorcycle opened fire at a group of local cricket players, killing 5 of them during a game in eastern Laghman province. Police found the body of slain journalist Noor Ahmad Noori in southern Helmand province.
    (AP, 1/23/14)
2014        Jan 23, The Algerian army killed 4 armed Islamists overnight in an ambush south of the capital.
    (AFP, 1/23/14)
2014        Jan 23, Australian police revealed they had cracked a major global money-laundering ring with operatives in more than 20 countries and funds syphoned off to groups reported to include Hezbollah.
    (AFP, 1/23/14)
2014        Jan 23, Australian police said an American man (58) has been charged with dealing with suspected proceeds of a crime after finding $5 million in cash in suitcases in a Sydney apartment.
    (SFC, 1/24/14, p.A2)
2014        Jan 23, In Canada an early morning fire at a Quebec residence for elderly people killed at least 32 people. Eight of the 32 remained missing.
    (AFP, 1/23/14)(AP, 1/25/14)(Reuters, 1/26/14)(SSFC, 2/2/14, p.A7)
2014        Jan 23, In China the parents of activist Xue Mingkai were detained in Qufu city, Shandong province. After being held for six days, Xue and his wife, Wang Shuqing, fled and sought protection at a local prosecutor's office but were caught and separated. Days later, Wang was informed by authorities that her husband was dead. Authorities said he had killed himself by jumping from the fourth floor of a prosecutor's building. Many people suspected murder.
    (Reuters, 2/4/14)
2014        Jan 23, Ecuadorean airline Tame suspended its once-daily flights to and from Venezuela until that country's cash-strapped government pays it $43 million owed for ticket sales.
    (AP, 1/23/14)
2014        Jan 23, In Egypt clashes between rival students at a university in Alexandria killed at least one student. Masked gunmen riding on motorcycles opened fire at a police checkpoint in central Egypt, killing five policemen and wounding two.
    (AFP, 1/23/14)(AP, 1/23/14)
2014        Jan 23, Ghana said it deported 4,700 illegal miners last year, most of them Chinese nationals.
    (AP, 1/23/14)
2014        Jan 23, Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani told the World Economic Forum in Davos that Tehran was ready to help create a new multilateral body tasked with stabilizing global energy supplies. Rouhani also called for free and fair elections in Syria, saying it would respect any outcome.
    (AFP, 1/23/14)(AP, 1/23/14)
2014        Jan 23, Iraq hanged 11 people convicted of terrorist offences.
    (Reuters, 1/23/14)
2014        Jan 23, A Kenyan court sentenced 24 Somalis to seven years each in prison for attempting to hijack an Iranian merchant vessel, FV Ariya, in the Gulf of Oman in October 2010.
    (Reuters, 1/23/14)
2014        Jan 23, Japanese fishermen in Taiji killed more than two dozen striped dolphins, as global outrage over the slaughter grew.
    (AFP, 1/23/14)
2014        Jan 23, In Kyrgyzstan 11 people, believed to be members of a militant group of ethnic Uighurs, were killed after illegally crossing the border from China.
    (Reuters, 1/24/14)
2014        Jan 23, Dutch authorities said they have detained Jean Baptiste M. (54), a former Rwandan politician suspected of compiling death lists during the country's 1994 genocide, and would send him home for court hearings.
    (Reuters, 1/23/14)
2014        Jan 23, In northwest Pakistan a car bomb hauled into a car repair shop in Peshawar killing 6 people.
    (AP, 1/23/14)
2014        Jan 23, In Pakistan Muhammad Asghar (69), a Briton with a history of mental illness from Edinburgh, was sentenced to death for blasphemy. His lawyers were barred from the courtroom partway through the trial. Asghar was arrested in 2010 after writing letters to a lawyer and politician claiming to be a prophet.
    (Reuters, 1/24/14)
2014        Jan 23, Hamas accused Twitter of censorship as an account of its armed wing has been suspended by Twitter administrators.
    (AFP, 1/23/14)
2014        Jan 23, Russia's Supreme Court ordered the release of Platon Lebedev (57), Kremlin critic Mikhail Khodorkovsky's business partner, after a decade in jail, but refused to drop a tax claim that is keeping the former oil tycoon abroad.   
    (AP, 1/23/14)
2014        Jan 23, In South Africa tens of thousands of platinum miners went on strike, demanding higher wages. Striking workers at the top three platinum producers agreed to take part in government-brokered talks aimed at ending the dispute and limiting economic damage.
    (AP, 1/23/14)(AFP, 1/23/14)
2014        Jan 23, South Sudan's government and rebels signed a peace deal in Ethiopia aimed at ending the month-old conflict as fighting continued in oil-rich Unity state and in Jonglei state.
    (AP, 1/24/14)
2014        Jan 23, In central Turkey at least 21 people were killed when a bus tipped over on an icy road.
    (AFP, 1/23/14)
2014        Jan 23, Tensions in Ukraine spread far from Kiev as hundreds of people in the city of Lviv stormed into the regional governor's office and forced him to write a letter of resignation. President Yanukovich called for an emergency session of parliament to end the crisis which has brought thousands of anti-government protesters on to the streets and caused violent clashes with police. PM Mykola Azarov accused opposition protesters of trying to stage a coup d'etat.
    (AP, 1/23/14)(Reuters, 1/23/14)
2014        Jan 23, Human Rights Watch hit out at the United Arab Emirates for preventing it from holding a news conference to release a report criticizing rights violations in the Gulf state.
    (AFP, 1/23/14)
2014        Jan 23, In Yemen 3 suspected al Qaeda militants were killed in Maarib province in what local officials and tribal sources said was a strike by a US drone.
    (Reuters, 1/24/14)

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