Today in History - January 24

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41CE        Jan 24, Shortly after declaring himself a god, Gaius Caligula Germanicus, emperor from 37-41, was assassinated by two Praetorian tribunes.
    (HN, 1/24/99)(MC, 1/24/02)

76CE        Jan 24, Publius A. Hadrianus, 14th Roman Emperor (117-138), was born.
    (www.roman-emperors.org/hadrian.htm)

1458        Jan 24, Matthias Corvinus (1440-1490), the son of John Hunyadi, was elected king of Hungary. Under his  rule Hungary was the most important state in central Europe. For his fighting force he ordered every 20 houses to provide one horse soldier. “Husz” is 20 in Hungarian and so the light cavalryman became know as a Hussar. His illuminated breviary is held by the Vatican library.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1672)(Sky, 9/97, p.26)(HN, 1/24/99)

1568        Jan 24, In Netherlands Duke of Alba declared (future King) William of Orange an outlaw.
    (MC, 1/24/02)

1639        Jan 24, (Gregorian Calendar) The Fundamental Orders, the first constitution in the New World, was adopted in Connecticut [see Jan 14].
    (HN, 1/24/99)(www.constitution.org/bcp/fo_1639.htm)

1656        Jan 24, Jacob Lumbrozo, 1st Jewish doctor in US, arrived in Maryland.
    (MC, 1/24/02)

1679        Jan 24, King Charles II disbanded the English parliament.
    (MC, 1/24/02)

1712        Jan 24, Frederick II (d.1786), Frederick the Great, the Hohenzollern King of Prussia (1740-1786), was born. He was noted for his social reforms and leading Prussia in military victories.
    (WUD, 1994, p.565)(HN, 1/24/99)(WSJ, 4/27/00, p.A24)(MC, 1/24/02)

1722        Jan 24, Czar Peter the Great capped his reforms in Russia with the "Table of Rank" which decreed a commoner could climb on merit to the highest positions.
    (HN, 1/24/99)

1732        Jan 24, Pierre Caron de Beaumarchais (d.1799), French dramatist, was born. He was best remembered for his plays "Barber of Civil" and "Marriage of Figaro." He was a conduit for French gold and arms to American Revolution, persecuted by mob during French Rev. "It is not necessary to understand things in order to argue about them."
    (AP, 12/21/99)(www.theatrehistory.com/french/beaumarchais001.html)

1734        Jan 24, In Cracow the 2nd last king of Lithuania and Poland, August III, was crowned.
    (LHC, 1/24/03)

1742        Jan 24, Charles VII was crowned Holy Roman Emperor during the War of the Austrian Succession.
    (AP, 1/24/07)

1746        Jan 24, Gustav III, king during Swedish Enlightenment (1771-92), was born.
    (MC, 1/24/02)

1800        Jan 24, Edwin Chadwick, British social reformer, was born.
    (MC, 1/24/02)

1813        Jan 24, Theodore Sedgwick (b.1746), arch-Federalist and former Massachusetts Senator (1796-1799), died. In 2007 John Sedgwick authored “In My Blood: Six Generations of Madness and Desire in an American Family.”
    (http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=S000222)(WSJ, 1/6/07, p.P13)

1839        Jan 24, Charles Darwin was elected member of Royal Society.
    (MC, 1/24/02)

1847        Jan 24, 1,500 New Mexican Indians and Mexicans were defeated by US Col. Price.
    (MC, 1/24/02)

1848        Jan 24, Gold was discovered by carpenter James Wilson Marshall at his partner Johann August Sutter's sawmill on the South Fork of the American River, near Coloma, California. John [James Wilson] Marshall, while inspecting the construction of a mill on the American River, being built for Capt. John Sutter, spotted a gold nugget. Marshall, Sutter and their workers tried to keep the discovery quiet but gold-seekers quickly began pouring into California, raising the state's non-Indian population to about 20,000 in 1848, 100,000 in 1849 and twice that amount by 1852.
    (HFA,'96,p.22)(SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.16)(SFEC, 11/3/96, DB p.71)(SFC, 1/25/97, p.A17)(SFEC, 7/6/97, p.T3)(SFEC, 1/4/98, Z1p.4)(HN, 1/24/99)(HNPD, 1/24/99)

1862        Jan 24, Edith Wharton (d.1937), U.S. novelist was born. Her novels included Age of Innocence,” House of Mirth,” “Summer,” and “Ethan Frome.” She also wrote books on home design. “There are two ways of spreading light: to be the candle, or the mirror that reflects it.” “The essence of taste is suitability. Divest the word of its prim and priggish implications, and see how it expresses the mysterious demand of the eye and mind for symmetry, harmony and order. ”Eleanor Dwight wrote her 1994 biography: “An Extraordinary Life.”
    (AP, 8/17/97)(WSJ, 12/9/97, p.A20)(AP, 1/11/98)(HN, 1/24/99)

1865        Jan 24, A Confederate fleet attempted to raid City Point, Va. Most of the fleet ran aground. Two ironclads make a desperate attempt to push through to the supply center. One gunboat was sunk and the other mysteriously turns around.
    (www.qmfound.com/citypt.htm)

1876        Jan 24, Bat Masterson had a legendary gunfight in Sweetwater, Texas. A cavalry soldier named King and a woman named Mollie Brennan were killed, Masterson was seriously wounded in the hip in a saloon.
    (MesWP)(AH, 2/06, p.14)

1888        Jan 24, Ernst Heinrich Heinkel, German inventor (1st rocket-powered aircraft), was born.
    (MC, 1/24/02)
1888        Jan 24, Henry King, US director (Jesse James, 12 O'Clock High), was born.
    (MC, 1/24/02)

1891        Jan 24, Max Ernst, German-French surrealist painter, sculptor, was born. [see Apr 2]
    (MC, 1/24/02)

1895        Jan 24, Hawaii’s Queen Lili’uokalani formally abdicated her throne and swore allegiance to the Republic of Hawaii.
    (AH, 2/05, p.16)

1899        Jan 24, The rubber heel was patented by Humphrey O'Sullivan.
    (MC, 1/24/02)

1903        Jan 24, U.S. Secretary of State John Hay and British Ambassador Herbert created a joint commission to establish the Alaskan border.
    (HN, 1/24/99)

1905        Jan 24, In Vilnius a mass worker strike began and lasted to Jan 29.
    (LHC, 1/24/03)

1908        Jan 24, This is considered the starting date of the Boy Scouts movement in England. Lt. General Robert S.S. Baden-Powell, had achieved fame as a hero in the Boer War and applied his methods of training British soldiers in South Africa in woodcraft and survival methods to young English boys in the early 1900s. The Boy Scouts of America was incorporated in 1910 and united with two previously existing organizations, the Sons of Daniel Boone, founded by Daniel Beard in 1905 and Ideals of the Woodcraft Indians, founded by Ernest Seton in 1902. The scout oath to be “morally straight” was added in the American version.
    (AP, 1/24/08)(HNQ, 11/12/01)(Econ, 6/1/13, p.28)

1910        Jan 24, Louis Paulhan, French aviator, made an aerial display at the Tanforan Race Track in San Bruno, Ca., before a crowd of 75,000. He flew his biplane 1,300 (700) feet high at 70 mph. Earlier he took William Randolph Hearst for a ride.
    (SFEC, 12/26/99, p.W4)(Ind, 8/17/02, 5A)(SSFC, 1/24/10, DB p.42)

1911        Jan 24, U.S. Cavalry was sent to preserve the neutrality of the Rio Grande during the Mexican Civil War.
    (HN, 1/24/99)

1913        Jan 24, Mark Goodson, TV game-show producer (Goodson-Toddman), was born.
    (MC, 1/24/02)

1915        Jan 24, The German cruiser Blücher was sunk by a British squadron in the Battle of Dogger Bank.
    (HN, 1/24/99)

1917        Jan 24, Ernest Borgnine, actor (Ice Station Zebra, McHale, Marty), was born in Hamden, Ct.
    (Internet)

1918        Jan 24, Oral Roberts, Televangelist, founder Oral Roberts University, was born.
    (MC, 1/24/02)

1919        Jan 24, In Russia Grand Prince Pavel Alexandrovich, a son of Czar Alexander II, and grand princes Nikolai Mikhailovich, Georgy Mikhailovitch and Dmitry Konstantinovich, nephews of the czar, were executed at the Peter and Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg. They were posthumously rehabilitated in 1999 by the Russian office of the prosecutor general.
    (SFC, 6/10/99, p.C3)

1920        Jan 24, Amedeo Modigliani (b.1884), Italian sculptor, painter, died in Paris. His mistress Jeanne Hebuterne, pregnant with his child, committed suicide 2 days later rather than live without him. In 2006 Jeffrey Meyers authored “Modigliani: A Life.” In 2011 Meryle Secrest authored “Modigliani: A Life.”
    (http://tinyurl.com/4l4ocml)(WSJ, 10/16/98, p.W14)(WSJ, 3/21/06, p.D8)(SSFC, 3/13/11, p.G5)

1922        Jan 24, Christian K. Nelson of Onawa, Iowa, patented the Eskimo Pie.
    (AP, 1/24/98)

1924        Jan 24, The Russian city of St. Petersburg was renamed Leningrad in honor of the late revolutionary leader. It has since been re-named St. Petersburg. [see Jan 26]
    (AP, 1/24/99)

1927        Jan 24, British expeditionary force of 12,000 was sent to China to protect concessions at Shanghai.
    (HN, 1/24/99)

1929        Jan 24, Dr. Ray Lyman Wilbur, president of Stanford Univ. (1916-1941), accepted the position of Sec. of the Interior under Pres. Hoover. Wilbur took a leave of absence to serve.
    (SFC, 1/23/04, p.E3)

1931        Jan 24, The League of Nations rebuked Poland  for the mistreatment of a German minority in Upper Silesia.
    (HN, 1/24/99)

1935        Jan 24, The 1st canned beer, "Krueger Cream Ale," was sold by Krueger Brewing Co. of Richmond, Va.
    (www.bcca.com/bccacan1.html)

1939        Jan 24, Some 28-30,000 were killed by magnitude 8.3 earthquake in Chillan, Chile.
    (MC, 1/24/02)(AP, 6/22/02)

1941        Jan 24, Neil Diamond, singer, actor (Jazz Singer), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
    (MC, 1/24/02)
1941        Jan 24, Josslyn Victor Hay, the 22nd Earl of Erroll, was shot to death in Kenya. He was having an affair with Diana Delves Broughton. The story was covered in a 1982 book “White Mischief” by James Fox, which was made into a 1988 movie. The BBC television drama The Happy Valley, first transmitted on 6 September 1987, told the story of Erroll's murder, as seen through the eyes of 15 year-old the Hon. Juanita Carbery, daughter of Lord Carbery, to whom John Delves Broughton confessed his guilt even before he was arrested. Alice de Janze committed suicide not long after the acquittal Broughton. In 2010 Paul Spicer authored “The Temptress: The Scandalous Life of Alice de Janze and the Mysterious Death of Lord Erroll.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josslyn_Hay,_22nd_Earl_of_Erroll)(SSFC, 8/15/10, p.F4)

1942        Jan 24, A special court of inquiry into America's lack of preparedness for the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor placed much of the blame on Rear Adm. Husband E. Kimmel and Lt. Gen. Walter C. Short, the Navy and Army commanders.
    (AP, 1/24/00)

1943        Jan 24, President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Churchill concluded a wartime conference in Casablanca, Morocco.
    (AP, 1/24/98)
1943        Jan 24, Hitler ordered Nazi troops at Stalingrad to fight to death.
    (MC, 1/24/02)

1945        Jan 24, A German attempt to relieve the besieged city of Budapest was finally halted by the Soviets.
    (HN, 1/24/99)

1946        Jan 24, The UN established the International Atomic Energy Commission.
    (HN, 1/24/99)

1948        Jan 24, Elliott Abrams, asst. secretary of state, supplied arms to the Contras, was born.
    (MC, 1/24/02)

1949        Jan 24, John Belushi, comedian, actor (SNL, Blues Brothers), was born in Chicago, Ill.
    (MC, 1/24/02)

1950        Jan 24, Jackie Robinson signed highest contract ($35,000) in Dodger history.
    (www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/R/Robinson_Jackie.stm)

1951        Jan 24, Indian leader Nehru assailed the U.S. and demanded the UN to name Peking as an aggressor in Korea.
    (HN, 1/24/99)

1953        Jan 24, [Karl R] Gerd von Rundstedt (77), gen-field marshal (Normandy), died.
    (MC, 1/24/02)

1958        Jan 24, After warming to 100,000,000 degrees, 2 light atoms were bashed together to create a heavier atom, resulting in the 1st man-made nuclear fusion.
    (MC, 1/24/02)

1961        Jan 24, A B-52 carrying two nuclear bombs near Goldsboro, North Carolina encountered a violent gust. The giant plane rolled completely over, came upright, and continued rolling inverted a second time before whipping into a vicious flat spin and breaking up. An apocalyptic explosion was stopped only by a tiny last-ditch, low-voltage switch.
    (www.willthomasonline.net/willthomasonline/Broken_Arrows.html)(CSM, 9/21/13)

1963        Jan 24, In Maine a B-52 bomber encountered turbulence strong enough to snap off the vertical stabilizer, causing it to crash onto the side of Elephant Mountain. Seven crew members died. Gerald Adler survived along with the pilot, Lt. Col. Dan Bulli, after spending 20 hours on the mountainside.
    (AP, 5/25/13)

1965        Jan 24, Winston Churchill, former prime minister (1940-45, 51-55), died from a cerebral thrombosis in London at age 90. "I am always ready to learn, but I do not always like to be taught." Lord Moran (Sir Charles Wilson), his personal physician, later authored “Churchill At War: 1940-1945.”
    (AP, 1/24/98)(AP, 1/17/00)(HN, 1/24/01)(WSJ, 12/14/02, p.W10)

1966        Jan 24, The Kangchenjunga, a Boeing 707 flying from Mumbai (Bombay) to New York, crashed on the southwest face of Mont Blanc, France, as it descended towards a scheduled stopover in Geneva, Switzerland. All 117 people on board died.
    (AFP, 8/29/12)

1968        Jan 24, Mary Lou Retton, gymnast (Oly-gold/2 silver/2 bronze-84), was born in Fairmont, WV.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Lou_Retton)
1968        Jan 24, An Israeli submarine, the Dakar, a British-made submarine with a 69-man crew, was lost in the Mediterranean Sea while enroute from England to Israel. The sunken ship was found May 28, 1999, between Crete and Cyprus.
    (SFC, 5/31/99, p.A8)(www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/Lobby/9650/dakar.html)

1971        Jan 24, Pvt. Rogelio Roxas (d.1993), a former Filipino soldier, allegedly discovered the war treasure of Japanese Gen’l. Tomoyuki Yamashita in caves near Baguio City. Roxas was arrested on May 18, 1971, and jailed for 5 years. The gold bullion was reportedly taken away by Pres. Marcos.
    (SFC, 10/12/97, p.A18)(SSFC, 3/4/01, p.A28)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rogelio_Roxas)

1972        Jan 24, Maine Sen. Edmund Muskie (1914-1996) won the Iowa caucus but later lost the Democratic nomination to George McGovern.
    (http://correntewire.com/post_iowa_perspective)
1972        Jan 24, The US Supreme Court struck down laws that denied welfare benefits to people who had resided in a state for less than a year.
    (AP, 1/24/98)

1975        Jan 24, In New York City, the FALN, a militant group seeking independence for Puerto Rico, sets off a bomb in Fraunces Tavern. Four people were killed and 53 injured.
    (NYT, 2/7/75, p.1)

1978        Jan 24, Cosmos 954, a 4-month-old nuclear-powered Soviet satellite plunged through Earth's atmosphere and disintegrated, scattering radioactive debris over parts of northern Canada.
    (SSFC, 3/18/01, p.A1)(AP, 1/24/08)

1980        Jan 24, In an action obviously designed as another in a series of very strong reactions to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, US officials announce that America is ready to sell military equipment (excluding weapons) to communist China. The surprise statement was part of the US effort to build a closer relationship with the People's Republic of China for use as leverage against possible Soviet aggression.
    (http://tinyurl.com/8sx9u)

1982        Jan 24, A draft of Air Force history reported that the U.S. secretly sprayed herbicides on Laos during the Vietnam War.
    (HN, 1/24/99)

1983        Jan 24, George Cukor (b.1899), film director, died. His films included My Fair Lady, A Star is Born, Born Yesterday, Love Among the Ruins and The Philadelphia Story.
    (AP, 7/7/99)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Cukor)

1984        Jan 24, Apple Computer Inc unveiled its Macintosh personal computer. It included sound-sampling technology that could play recorded sounds. The CPU had a speed of 8 MHz and 128k of RAM. It sold for $2,495.
    (WSJ,11/14/94, p.R26)(WSJ, 3/4/97, p.B1)(SFC, 1/24/04, p.A12)

1985        Jan 24, The space shuttle Discovery was launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla., on the first secret, all-military shuttle mission.
    (AP, 1/24/05)

1986        Jan 24, The Voyager 2 space probe swept past Uranus, coming within 50,679 miles of the seventh planet of the solar system. Uranus has puzzled scientists ever since the probe Voyager 2 did the flyby and found that its magnetic field appeared to break the planetary rulebook. In 2004 scientists noted that Neptune and Uranus have an interior structure that is different from those of Jupiter and Saturn.
    (AP, 1/24/98)(AP, 3/12/04)
1986        Jan 24, LaFayette Ronald Hubbard (b.1911), science fiction author and founder of Scientology, died. L. Ron Hubbard’s book “Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health” (1950) laid the foundation for Scientology. By 2007 the Los Angeles based church claimed 10 million members around the world.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L._Ron_Hubbard)(Wired, Dec. '95, p.177)(SFC, 2/12/01, p.A13)

1987        Jan 24, Gunmen in Lebanon kidnapped educators Alann Steen, Jesse Turner, Robert Polhill and Mitheleshwar Singh. All were later released.
    (AP, 1/24/98)
1987        Jan 24, About 20,000 civil rights demonstrators marched through predominantly white Forsyth County, Ga., a week after a smaller march was disrupted by Ku Klux Klan members and supporters.
    (AP, 1/24/98)

1988        Jan 24, The government of Haiti declared Leslie Manigat winner of that country's presidential election. However, Manigat was overthrown by Haiti's military leader, Lt. Gen. Henri Hamphy, the following June.
    (AP, 1/24/98)

1989        Jan 24, Physicians 1st reported a case of AIDS transmitted by heterosexual oral sex.
    (www.aegis.com/news/Lt/1989/LT890104.html)
1989        Jan 24, Confessed serial killer Theodore Bundy (42) was put to death in Florida's electric chair for the 1978 kidnap-murder of 12-year-old Kimberly Leach.
    (AP, 1/24/99)

1990        Jan 24, The House voted 390-25 to override President Bush's veto of legislation protecting Chinese students from deportation. Bush prevailed in a Senate vote the next day.
    (AP, 1/24/00)

1991        Jan 24, A brief skirmish occurred high above the Persian Gulf as a Saudi warplane shot down two Iraqi jets.
    (AP, 1/24/01)

1992        Jan 24, The state of Arkansas executed convicted cop-killer Rickey Ray Rector after Gov. Bill Clinton refused to intervene.
    (AP, 1/24/02)
1992        Jan 24, A judge in El Salvador sentenced an army colonel and a lieutenant to 30 years in prison for their part in the 1989 massacre of six Jesuit priests, their housekeeper and her daughter.
    (AP, 1/24/02)

1993        Jan 24, Thurgood Marshall (1908-1993) died in Bethesda, Md., at age 84. He served on the US Supreme from 1967-1991. As a civil rights lawyer in the 1950s he had maintained a confidential relationship with the FBI. In 1997 Mark V. Tushnet published the book: “Making constitutional Law: Thurgood Marshall and the Supreme Court.”
    (HFA, '96, p.32)(SFC, 12/3/96, p.A3)(WSJ, 7/24/97, p.A16) (AP, 1/24/98)

1994        Jan 24, President Clinton promoted William J. Perry, the Pentagon's second in command, to the post of defense secretary.
    (AP, 1/24/99)
1994        Jan 24, The Supreme Court ruled unanimously that protesters who block access to abortion clinics or in other ways conspire to stop women from having abortions may be sued under federal anti-racketeering statutes.
    (AP, 1/24/99)

1995        Jan 24, President Clinton appealed for common ground as he delivered his second State of the Union address, this time before a Republican-led Congress.
    (AP, 1/24/00)
1995        Jan 24, The prosecution gave its opening statement at the O.J. Simpson murder trial.
    (AP, 1/24/00)

1996        Jan 24, The FDA approved a fat substitute to be marketed by Proctor and Gamble under the name Olestra. It is know to cause abdominal cramps but not to a medically significant degree.
    (WSJ, 1/25/96, A-1)(AP, 1/24/01)
1996        Jan 24, Specialist Michael New was discharged from the US Army after a court-martial jury convicted him for refusing to wear a UN beret for a peacekeeping mission in the former Yugoslavia.
    (AP, 1/24/01)
1996        Jan 24, Jonathon Larson (d.1/25/96), composer of Rent, was taken to St. Vincent’s hospital emergency room in NYC and discharged with a diagnosis of a probable virus.
    (SFC, 6/8/96, p.E4)

1997        Jan 24, The White House released guest lists showing that in the year and a-half before his re-election, President Clinton invited more than 400 of his party's top financial supporters to coffee klatches for informal policy chats.
    (AP, 1/24/98)
1997        Jan 24, Publix Super Markets, accused of relegating women to dead-end, low-paying jobs, agreed to pay $81.5 million to settle a class-action lawsuit.
    (AP, 1/24/98)
1997        Jan 24, In Zagreb, Croatia, Radio 101 was awarded a broadcast license after a long battle with the nationalist government.
    (SFC, 1/25/97, p.C1)
1997        Jan 24, In Madagascar a cyclone struck and that some 200 were killed. It was later reported that 520,000 people were affected.
    (WSJ, 1/27/97, p.A1)(SFC, 2/8/97, p.A11)
1997        Jan 24, The Red Cross issued an appeal for aid to North Korea where it was reported that tens of thousands of people were on starvation rations after 2 years of heavy rains.
    (SFC, 1/25/97, p.C1)
1997        Jan 24, A Zairean counteroffensive was supported by some 300 foreign mercenaries. About 400,000 Hutu refugees were trapped near regions of fighting and UN officials raised pleas for a truce to allow the refugees to move.
    (SFC, 1/25/97, p.A8)

1998        Jan 24, President Clinton, in his weekly radio address, unveiled a proposal to root out Medicare fraud.
    (AP, 1/24/99)
1998        Jan 24, Walter D. Edmonds, writer, died at age 94. His work included historic novels such as “Drums Along the Mohawk” in 1936.
    (SFC, 1/29/98, p.B2)
1998        Jan 24, Pope John Paul II, delivering blunt political messages during his visit to Cuba, called for the release of "prisoners of conscience" and respect for freedom of expression, initiative and association.
    (AP, 1/24/99)
1998        Jan 24, In Mexico former Gen’l. Jorge Maldonado Vega was arrested for allegedly trying to arrange a pact between two of the largest drug cartels. Captain Rigoberto Silva Ortega was also charged.
    (SFC, 1/26/98, p.B12)
1998        Jan 24, From Turkey it was reported that an estimated 50,000 illegal immigrants move from Turkey to Greece each year across a sparsely populated 80 mile border.
    (SFC, 1/24/98, p.A8)

1999        Jan 24, In the 56th Golden Globe Awards "Saving Private Ryan" was named best dramatic film of 1998, Spielberg won for directing it. "Shakespeare in Love" was named best musical or comedy.
    (SFC, 1/25/99, p.E1)
1999        Jan 24, House prosecutors interviewed Monica Lewinsky, a move that triggered fresh partisan convulsions in President Clinton's impeachment trial.
    (AP, 1/24/00)
1999        Jan 24, US jets attacked 2 Iraqi surface-to-air missile batteries after encountering radar detection in the northern no-fly zone.
    (SFC, 1/25/99, p.A6)
1999        Jan 24, The executive board of the IOC moved to expel 6 members for unethical behavior in response to allegations of payoffs by host cities in their successful bids for the 2000 Summer Games in Sydney and 2002 Winter Games in Salt Lake City. The board recommended drastic changes for the host cities ar chosen for the Olympic Games.
    (SFC, 1/25/99, p.A1)(AP, 1/24/00)
1999        Jan 24, In India police arrested 47 members of a Hindu militant group in Orissa state for the burning of Graham Staines and his 2 sons.
    (SFC, 1/25/99, p.A7)

2000        Jan 24, A torrent of data to the US National Security Agency brought the system to a crashing halt that lasted 3½ days.
    (Econ, 2/27/10, p.18)(http://intellit.muskingum.edu/nsa_folder/nsa00.html)
2000        Jan 24, In the Iowa Caucuses Vice Pres. Al Gore won over Bill Bradley 63 to 35%; Texas Gov. George W. Bush won over Steve Forbes 41 to 30%.
    (SFC, 1/25/00, p.A1)
2000        Jan 24, The US Supreme Court upheld a Missouri law that limited contributions to candidates for statewide office.
    (SFC, 1/25/00, p.A1)
2000        Jan 24, Stanislav Lunev, a former Soviet spy, testified at a congressional hearing that Soviet operatives had placed weapons and communications caches in California and other states during and after the Cold War to destabilize the US in the event of war.
    (SFC, 1/25/00, p.A4)
2000        Jan 24, Pres. Kabila met with other African presidents at the UN to end the Congo civil war. Kabila demanded that the UN deploy a peace-keeping force to monitor the truce.
    (SFC, 1/25/00, p.A10)
2000        Jan 24, In Croatia 42% of voters chose Stipe Mesic for president and 28% chose Drazen Budisa. A runoff was set for Feb 7.
    (SFC, 1/25/00, p.A11)
2000        Jan 24, In Sudan Pres. Omar el-Bashir reappointed an entirely new government. He fired 10 ministers, disbanded 2 ministries and appointed 25 new state governors.
    (SFC, 1/25/00, p.A12)
2000        Jan 24, In Thailand security forces stormed a hospital and ended a 22-hour standoff with Burmese guerrillas. 10 rebels of the "God's Army" were reported killed. The hostage-takers were executed after surrendering to security forces.
    (SFC, 1/25/00, p.A10)(SFC, 1/27/00, p.A12)
2000        Jan 24, In Uganda members of the Karamojong tribe attacked and killed 14-100 herders from Kenya's Pokot tribe in the northern Moriat Hills.
    (SFC, 1/28/00, p.A15)

2001        Jan 24, In California the state received bids for long-term electricity contracts in an auction to help ease the energy crises.
    (SFC, 1/25/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 24, The last two of seven escaped convicts from Texas were captured in Colorado after 42 days on the run; four others were captured earlier, and one committed suicide.
    (AP, 1/24/02)
2001        Jan 24, Lucent Technologies said it would eliminate up to 16,000 jobs.
    (AP, 1/24/02)
2001        Jan 24, In Chechnya 14 Russian soldiers were killed.
    (WSJ, 1/25/01, p.A1)
2001        Jan 24, The Chinese lunar calendar marked this as the new year, 4699, Year of the Snake. It is celebrated in Vietnam as Tet and in Korea as Solnol.
    (SSFC, 1/28/01, p.CN3)(SSFC, 2/4/01, p.B1)

2002        Jan 24, A House committee opened hearings into the collapse of energy giant Enron Corp. Officials of Enron's accounting firm, Arthur Andersen, claimed fired auditor David Duncan was solely responsible for the massive destruction of Enron documents; Duncan refused to answer questions, invoking the Fifth Amendment.
    (AP, 1/24/03)
2002        Jan 24, The US imposed sanctions on 3 Chinese entities accused of giving chemical and biological arms technology to Iran.
    (WSJ, 1/25/02, p.A1)
2002        Jan 24, John Walker Lindh, the so-called "American Taliban," made his first court appearance in suburban Washington D.C.
    (AP, 1/24/03)
2002        Jan 24, In Juneau, Alaska, Joseph Frederick (18) displayed a banner reading “Bong Hits 4 Jesus” as the Olympic torch passed by. The head teacher at his high school suspended him and Frederick sued in return. The case moved up to the US Supreme Court. In 2007 the US Supreme Court ruled 5-3 that schools may punish youths for statements that might promote drug use.
    (Econ, 3/24/07, p.35)(SFC, 6/26/07, p.A8)
2002        Jan 24, The Florida state pension fund reported a $325 million loss from the demise of Enron. The Univ. of California reported a $145 million loss.
    (SFC, 1/25/02, p.A24)
2002        Jan 24, In Missouri a mobile home fire killed 7 people.
    (SFC, 1/25/02, p.A3)
2002        Jan 24, Argentina approved a law allowing the Central Bank to print nearly $13  billion in new money to help pay salaries and bills as citizens protested over their frozen accounts.
    (SFC, 1/25/02, p.A15)
2002        Jan 24, In Australia some 200 mainly Afghan asylum seekers continued their hunger strike for a 10th day in Woomera. Some had sewn their lips together. Australia resumed processing asylum applications following a mass suicide attempt.
    (SFC, 1/25/02, p.A15)(WSJ, 1/25/02, p.A1)
2002        Jan 24, India tested an intermediate-range Agni-II missile over the Bay of Bengal.
    (SFC, 1/25/02, p.A15)
2002        Jan 24, Israeli troops killed a Palestinian intelligence officer and 2 others died in what looked like a failed suicide mission.
    (WSJ, 1/25/02, p.A1)
2002        Jan 24, In Beirut, Lebanon, a car bomb killed Elie Hobeika and three others. Hobeika, a former Christian militia chieftain, led a 1982 massacre of Palestinian refugees in the Sabra and Chatilla camps. He had recently agreed to testify against Israeli PM Ariel Sharon in connection with the massacre. Lebanese for a Free and Independent Lebanon claimed responsibility for the car bomb.
    (SFC, 1/25/02, p.A10)
2002        Jan 24, In Pakistan Pres. Musharraf announced legislative elections for October.
    (SFC, 1/25/02, p.A14)

2003        Jan 24, The US Department of Homeland Security under Tom Ridge became the government's 15th Cabinet department.
    (AP, 1/24/03)
2003        Jan 24, The Bush administration's smallpox vaccine program was launched in Connecticut with 4 doctors getting shots.
    (SFC, 1/25/03, p.A4)(WSJ, 1/27/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 24, American warplanes bombed an Iraqi air defense site, the 12th strike in the southern flight interdiction zone this month.
    (AP, 1/24/03)
2003        Jan 24, State Street, a US financial services group, registered an exchange traded fund that tracked the S&P 500 share index with the ticket code SPDR.
    (Econ, 1/26/12, p.66)
2003        Jan 24, The IMF approved a $6.78 billion land package to Argentina.
    (SFC, 1/25/03, p.A5)
2003        Jan 24, Czech lawmakers failed for a 2nd time to pick a successor to pres. Havel.
    (WSJ, 1/27/03, p.A1)
2003        Jan 24, In Prague, former Communist Interior Minister Jaromir Obzina (73) died of cancer. In 2001 Obzina was charged with abuse of power for his role in an operation aimed to crush political dissent between 1978 and 1984. The "Asanace" (Sanitation) program focused on some 50 dissidents, signatories of the Charter 77 human rights manifesto, resorting to threats and harsh interrogations to intimidate them and force them to leave the country.
    (AP, 1/29/03)
2003        Jan 24, In Haiti thousands of business leaders, taxi drivers and doctors held a general strike, clamoring for a better life in the poor nation.
    (AP, 1/24/03)
2003        Jan 24, Israeli soldiers killed at least 12 Palestinians as helicopter gunships hit Gaza City with 11 missiles.
    (SFC, 1/25/03, p.A5)(SSFC, 1/26/03, p.A16)
2003        Jan 24, Giovanni Agnelli (81), the patriarch of the Fiat auto company, died in Turin after a months-long illness.
    (AP, 1/24/03)
2003        Jan 24, Ivory Coast negotiators, trying to end a four-month-old civil war, reached a draft peace settlement.
    (AP, 1/24/03)
2003        Jan 24, A plane carrying members of Kenya's new government crashed, killing one minister, two pilots and injuring at least three other members of the government.
    (AP, 1/24/03)
2003        Jan 24, In Spain police arrested 16 suspected al-Qaida terrorists.
    (AP, 1/24/03)

2004        Jan 24, Howard Dean sharply questioned John Kerry's judgment on Iraq as Democratic presidential rivals raced through a final weekend of campaigning before the New Hampshire primary.
    (AP, 1/24/05)
2004        Jan 24, NASA's Opportunity rover landed on Mars, arriving at the Red Planet exactly three weeks after its identical twin's landing.
    (AP, 1/24/05)
2004        Jan 24, A car bomb exploded in Khaldiya, a town west of Baghdad, killing three American soldiers and injuring six soldiers and several Iraqi civilians. A series of bombings killed 5 U.S. soldiers in the Sunni Triangle.
    (AP, 1/25/04)(WSJ, 2/13/04, p.A1)
2004        Jan 24, Israeli officials said they would release over 400 Arab prisoners in a swap with Lebanon's Hezbollah guerrilla group.
    (SSFC, 1/25/04, p.A3)
2004        Jan 24, Israeli troops shot to death two Palestinian militants who entered an unauthorized military zone near a security barrier separating Gaza from Israel.
    (AP, 1/24/04)
2004        Jan 24, Qatar signed a $2.5 billion deal with Bechtel to begin construction of a new airport near Doha.
    (SFC, 1/27/04, p.B1)   
2004        Jan 24, Some 2,000 opponents of the World Economic Forum marched in Davos, Switz., to protest the meeting, which they say is elitist and does nothing for ordinary people.
    (AP, 1/24/04)
2004        Jan 24, In Bangkok, Thailand, a world record for a mass jump was set by 672 skydivers from 42 countries who leaped from six aircraft.
    (AP, 1/25/04)

2005        Jan 24, Jeffrey Royer, former FBI agent, and Anthony Elgindy, Internet penny stock advisor, were convicted for mining government computers for confidential information to manipulate stocks.
    (SFC, 1/25/05, p.E3)(http://asensioexposed.com/elgindytrial.htm)
2005        Jan 24, China's vice president expressed a strong desire to increase economic and diplomatic cooperation with Mexico while meeting with Mexican lawmakers.
    (AP, 1/24/05)
2005        Jan 24, China and India opened a first round of "strategic dialogue", as their regional and international influence surges despite a nagging border dispute.
    (AFP, 1/24/05)
2005        Jan 24, In India P. Ravindra, former state minister and TDP leader, was gunned down outside the party office in Anantpur town. Mobs torched nearly 100 state-run buses and hurled stones at government buildings in Andhra Pradesh after an opposition politician was shot dead.
    (AP, 1/24/05)
2005        Jan 24, A suicide driver detonated a car bomb outside the prime minister's party headquarters, injuring at least 10 people in a blast claimed by the al-Qaida affiliate in Iraq.
    (AP, 1/24/05)
2005        Jan 24, Authorities in Iraq said Sami Mohammed Ali Said al-Jaaf, an al-Qaida lieutenant in custody, had confessed to masterminding most of the car bombings in Baghdad.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2005        Jan 24, Militant groups have agreed to suspend attacks as they near a formal truce deal with Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas and await Israel's response.
    (AP, 1/24/05)
2005        Jan 24, In Thailand a tourist boat returning from Pa Ngan island capsized and at least 7 people were dead. Another 20 were missing.
    (WSJ, 1/25/05, p.A1)
2005        Jan 24, Ukraine President Viktor Yushchenko, visiting Moscow on a trip to mend relations after a bitter election campaign, appointed top ally Yulia Tymoshenko as prime minister.
    (AP, 1/24/05)
2005        Jan 24, The United Nations broke with years of protocol and commemorated the 60-year anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi death camps, directly linking its own founding with the end of the Holocaust in some of the strongest language ever.
    (AP, 1/24/06)

2006        Jan 24, US Supreme Court nominee Samuel Alito won a 10-8 party-line approval from the Senate Judiciary Committee.
    (AP, 1/24/07)
2006        Jan 24, A US coalition of electric utilities kicked off a national campaign to push auto makers to make plug-in hybrids. UC Prof. Andrew Frank began configuring electric motors with rechargeable batteries and small gasoline engines in the 1990s.
    (WSJ, 1/25/06, p.A4)
2006        Jan 24, Disney announced that it had agreed to acquire Pixar Animation Studios in a stock deal valued at $7.4 billion.
    (http://tinyurl.com/af74n)
2006        Jan 24, FedEx Corp. said it would take over local distribution from its Chinese joint-venture partner DTW Group in a $400 million buyout.
    (WSJ, 1/25/06, p.A2)
2006        Jan 24, Fayard Nicholas (b.1914), the elder half of the Nicholas Brothers tap dancing duo, died in Los Angeles. The story of the dancing brothers was chronicled in the 2000 book “Brotherhood in Rhythm” by Constance Valis Hill.
    (SSFC, 1/29/06, p.B7)(news.independent.co.uk/people/obituaries/article341244.ece)
2006        Jan 24, Character actor Chris Penn, younger brother of Oscar-winner Sean Penn, was found dead at an apartment near the Pacific Ocean in the Los Angeles suburb of Santa Monica.
    (AP, 1/25/06)
2006        Jan 24, Officials said 4 people were killed in Carlsbad, Ca., when a twin-engine plane from Idaho skidded off an airport runway and burst into flames.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 24, At least 10 men in Mexican military-style uniforms crossed the Rio Grande into the United States on a marijuana-smuggling foray, leading to an armed confrontation with Texas law officers near Neely's Crossing, Texas. The three sport utility vehicles made a quick U-turn and headed south toward the border, a few miles away.
    (AP, 9/6/09)
2006        Jan 24, Vienna's subway tracks cracked, German authorities shut a key canal to ships after it iced up, and a zoo moved its penguins indoors as a deadly deep freeze tightened its arctic grip on much of Europe.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 24, In Brazil rebellious inmates ended a one-day prison uprising in the remote jungle state of Rondonia that left four dead.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 24, The British government unveiled a plan to put one million of the 2.7 million people on incapacity benefits back to work within the next decade, saving huge sums of taxpayers' money.
    (AFP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 24, Banaz Mahmod (20) was raped, beaten, strangled, stuffed in a suitcase and buried in a back garden in Birmingham, England, on her father's orders for becoming involved with a man of whom he did not approve. Mahmod's father was given a life sentence in 2007 for ordering the killing. In 2010 two of her Kurdish cousins were jailed for life by a London court for murdering Mahmod because her family disapproved of her boyfriend.
    (www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/crime/article5263475.ece)(AP, 11/10/10)
2006        Jan 24, China shut down Bing Dian, a newspaper supplement known for its in-depth reporting on sensitive issues, the latest measure by the communist government to tighten control over the media.
    (AP, 1/25/06)(Econ, 2/4/06, p.39)
2006        Jan 24, Fidel Castro accused the US of seeking to rupture the minimum remaining diplomatic ties with his country, addressing tens of thousands of Cubans before starting a march outside the American mission in Havana.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 24, Shafik Handal (75), leader of the Salvadoran left, died of a heart attack in San Salvador. The ex-guerrilla commander had fought US-backed troops during the country's 12-year civil war.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 24, Georgia’s energy minister said Iran has expressed a readiness to export natural gas to Georgia to make up for a sharp drop in Russian deliveries.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 24, In Germany automaker DaimlerChrysler AG said that it would cut administrative staff by 20 percent worldwide over three years, dropping 6,000 jobs in order to save some $1.2 billion a year and make the company leaner and more profitable.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 24, India's central bank raised short-term borrowing rate a quarter percent point to 5.5 percent, citing fears of inflation amid strong economic growth.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 24, In Iran 2 bombs exploded in a bank and outside a government building in Ahvaz, a southwestern city with a history of violence involving members of Iran's Arab minority. 6 people were killed and 46 others wounded. A Web site claiming to represent Arab secessionists in the Ahvaz region said they carried out the attack. On June 8 a court found 9 defendants to be enemies of God, and sentenced them to death. 15 other defendants received sentences ranging from seven to 30 years in prison. In July Iran's Supreme Court confirmed death sentences for five Iranian Arab separatists convicted for the bombings.
    (AP, 1/24/06)(AP, 6/28/06)(AP, 7/30/06)
2006        Jan 24, In northern Iraq gunmen wearing Iraqi army uniforms kidnapped two German engineers. Both were later released. British troops detained several police officers among more than a dozen people linked to a series of killings, bombings and kidnappings in the southern city of Basra. US Marines and Iraqi soldiers killed 7 insurgents in Ramadi. Mahmoud Zaal (30), a cameraman for the Baghdad TV network, was mistaken for a combatant and killed by Marine fire.
    (AP, 1/24/06)(SFC, 1/26/06, p.A10)
2006        Jan 24, Biotechnology company Amgen Inc. said it will build a manufacturing plant in Ireland to supply its growing European customer base.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 24, Japan launched the leading rocket in its space program for the first time in nearly a year, putting into orbit one of the world's largest land observation satellites to monitor natural disasters.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 24, Kuwait’s Parliament voted unanimously to oust the ailing emir, ending a nine-day leadership crisis by temporarily handing power to the Cabinet headed by PM Sheik Sabah Al Ahmed Al Sabah.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 24, A Mexican government commission said it will distribute at least 70,000 maps showing highways, rescue beacons and water tanks in the Arizona desert to curb the death toll among illegal border crossers.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 24, In Mongolia some 1,000 protesters gathered in Ulan Bator, calling for the resignation of the president and an end to corruption.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 24, In Kathmandu, Nepal, police fired tear gas and beat pro-democracy activists with batons, hours after authorities lifted a ban on demonstrations. Communist rebels fighting to topple Nepal's monarchy staged a major assault on Nepalgunj, a western border town, that left at least eight people dead, but security forces repulsed the insurgents.
    (AP, 1/24/06)(AP, 1/25/06)
2006        Jan 24, In Port Harcourt, Nigeria, an armed gang dressed in police uniform attacked the offices of Agip oil company, a unit of Italy's ENI, and at least 9 people were killed.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 24, Palestinian gunmen in Nablus linked to the ruling Fatah movement killed Abu Ahmed Hassouna (44), one of their party leaders, increasing tensions on the eve of parliamentary balloting.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 24, A government spokesman said Sudan has withdrawn from the competition to lead the African Union amid criticism of its human rights record. Diplomats said the presidency would go to the Republic of Congo.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
2006        Jan 24, In Venezuela activists gathering for the six-day World Social Forum in Caracas. 2 other gatherings were set in Mali and Pakistan. The World Social Forum was first held in Brazil in 2001 and coincides each year with the market-friendly World Economic Forum of political and business leaders in Davos, Switzerland.
    (AP, 1/24/06)(SFC, 1/24/06, p.A2)

2007        Jan 24, The Democratic-controlled Senate Foreign Relations Committee dismissed President Bush's plans for a troop buildup in Iraq as "not in the national interest" of the United States.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2007        Jan 24, Ecuador's first female defense minister died in a collision of two helicopters that also killed her daughter and five members of the military.
    (AP, 1/25/07)
2007        Jan 24, Egyptian security forces arrested seven members of the banned Muslim Brotherhood north of Cairo in a widening crackdown on the country's largest opposition movement.
    (AP, 1/24/07)
2007        Jan 24, Jean-Francois Deniau (b.1928), a former French government minister, diplomat, sailor and novelist, died. His novel "Un Hero Tres Discret" (A Very Discreet Hero) told of an ordinary man who reinvented himself as a hero of the World War II Resistance. The book was adapted into a movie by director Jacques Audiard and given the English-language title "A Self Made Hero."
    (AP, 1/24/07)
2007        Jan 24, In Haiti UN troops traded gunfire with armed gangs after seizing an abandoned primary school that had been used to stage attacks on the peacekeepers. Witnesses said one person died and five were injured.
    (AP, 1/25/07)
2007        Jan 24, India and Russia agreed two arms deals meant to bring bilateral military ties into a new era, a day before Russian President Vladimir Putin's arrival for a two-day summit.
    (AP, 1/24/07)
2007        Jan 24, In India some 18,000 rickshaw operators went on strike in Kolkata to protest a ban on rickshaws by the Communist government of West Bengal.
    (Econ, 2/3/07, p.43)
2007        Jan 24, Iraqi and US troops clashed with gunmen in a Sunni insurgent stronghold north of the heavily fortified Green Zone. As many as 30 militants were killed and 27 captured.
    (AP, 1/24/07)
2007        Jan 24, Israeli President Moshe Katsav, facing charges of rape and abuse of power, asked parliament to temporarily remove him from office in an effort to blunt growing calls for his resignation. Israeli troops shot dead a Palestinian and arrested two others, as the men tried to sneak into Israel from the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 1/24/07)
2007        Jan 24, A study released about the trade in Malaysia found that catches of some grouper species and the endangered Napoleon wrasse fell by as much as 99% between 1995 to 2003, a period coinciding with soaring economic growth in countries where the exotic fish are a delicacy.
    (AP, 1/24/07)
2007        Jan 24, In southern Mexico a bus plunged into a ravine in remote mountains, killing at least 29 people.
    (AP, 1/25/07)
2007        Jan 24, Nicaraguan lawmakers approved a bill backed by President Daniel Ortega to create "people's councils" that some fear will resemble the defense committees that operated under the Sandinista government of the 1980s.
    (AP, 1/24/07)
2007        Jan 24, In Somalia gunmen launched several mortars at Mogadishu International Airport, killing at least two people and wounding several others.
    (AP, 1/24/07)
2007        Jan 24, A hijacker seized a Sudanese passenger plane carrying 103 people and forced the pilot to fly to the Chadian capital, N'Djamena, where he surrendered. The gunman wanted the plane to be flown to Britain but when told there was insufficient fuel agreed to go to the capital of neighbouring Chad. He said he wanted to draw attention to the Darfur conflict.
    (AP, 1/24/07)
2007        Jan 24, Some 2,400 registered participants gathered at Davos, Switzerland, for the 4-day World Economic Forum, whose theme this year was: "The Shifting Power Equation."
    (AP, 1/24/07)

2008        Jan 24, US Democratic and Republican congressional leaders reached a tentative deal on tax rebates of $300 to $1,200 per household and business tax cuts to jolt the slumping economy.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, Colorado’s House of Representatives voted 62-1 to censure Rep. Douglas Bruce, who kicked a newspaper reported taking his picture and refused to apologize.
    (SFC, 1/25/08, p.A4)
2008        Jan 24, Dennis Kucinich (b.1946), US Congressmen for Ohio, announced that he is dropping his long-shot bid for president.
    (WSJ, 1/25/08, p.A1)
2008        Jan 24, Sergei Tretyakov (51), a former Russian spy who had never spoken out about his spying before this week, granted his first news media interviews to publicize the book: "Comrade J.: The Untold Secrets of Russia's Master Spy in America after the End of the Cold War," by former Washington Post journalist Pete Earley, which was published on this day. Tretyakov said his agents helped the Russian government steal nearly $500 million from the UN's oil-for-food program in Iraq before the fall of Saddam Hussein in 2003.
    (AP, 1/26/08)
2008        Jan 24, Doctors said they have developed a technique that could free many patients from having to take anti-rejection drugs for the rest of their lives. The treatment involved weakening the patient's immune system, then giving the recipient bone marrow from the person who donated the organ.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, Researchers at the J. Craig Venter Institute of Rockville, Md., reported that they have built from scratch a synthetic chromosome containing all the genetic material needed to produce the bacterium Mycoplasma genitalium, the tiniest bacteria ever found.
    (SFC, 1/25/08, p.A1)(Econ, 1/26/08, p.76)
2008        Jan 24, In central Afghanistan 9 Afghan policemen were killed during an anti-Taliban operation by US-led coalition troops in Ghazni. Afghan police said the police appeared to have been killed by the US airstrikes, which also destroyed several houses.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, Doctors said an Australian girl spontaneously switched blood groups and adopted her donor's immune system following a liver transplant in the first known case of its type. Demi-Lee Brennan was aged nine and seriously ill with liver failure when she received the transplant. Nine months later it was discovered that she had changed blood types and her immune system had switched over to that of the donor after stem cells from the new liver migrated to her bone marrow. She was now a healthy 15-year-old.
    (AFP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, In Brazil government officials held a top-level emergency meeting to deal with the problem of Amazon deforestation. Satellite images showed that as much as 2,700 square miles of land was cleared during the last five months of 2007. All logging was banned in 36 municipalities and fines stiffened for illegal cutting.
    (AP, 1/24/08)(SFC, 3/22/08, p.A3)
2008        Jan 24, In Britain almost two dozen Romanians were arrested after police swooped on a child slave gang.
    (Reuters, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, In China protesters staged a rare public demonstration in Beijing over what they said were illegal property seizures and compensation packages that fell far short of that needed to buy new homes. Authorities said sulfuric acid had leaked into the water supply from a chemical factory in central China, poisoning at least 26 villagers.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, French bank Societe Generale (SocGen) announced a $3 billion write-down on its exposure to mortgage related investments. Societe Generale also said it has uncovered a $7.14 billion fraud, one of history's biggest, by futures trader Jerome Kerviel (31). His scheme of fictitious transactions was discovered as stock markets began to stumble in recent days. In 2010 he authored “The Spiral: Memoirs of a Trader,” in which he presented himself as the victim of an immoral financial system.
    (Econ, 1/26/08, p.73)(AP, 1/24/08)(Econ, 5/8/10, p.77)
2008        Jan 24, A German court convicted Redouane El Habhab (38), a German of Moroccan heritage, of helping al-Qaida in Iraq and sentenced him to nearly six years in prison.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 24, Iran received a sixth shipment of nuclear fuel from Russia, destined for a power plant being constructed in the southern port of Bushehr.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, A suicide bomber killed Brig. Gen. Salah Mohammed al-Jubouri, the director of police for Ninevah province, and two other officers after they toured the site of the wreckage of a blast a day earlier that devastated a predominantly Sunni neighborhood in the northern city of Mosul. A roadside bomb also struck a police patrol in central Baghdad, killing two officers and injuring two, along with 3 civilians. In Karbala a roadside bomb targeted a senior aide of Iraq's Shiite spiritual leader Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani. The aide, Abdul-Mahdi al-Karbalai, escaped with a wound to the arm, but two of his bodyguards were killed and two were wounded.
    (AP, 1/24/08)(AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 24, A top Israeli defense official said that Israel wants to relinquish all responsibility for the Gaza Strip, including the supply of electricity and water, now that the territory's southern border with Egypt has been opened.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, In Italy Premier Romano Prodi resigned after the Senate voted 161-156 to sink his 20-month-old center-left coalition in a fiery session in which one senator was spat on, fainted and was carried out on a stretcher.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 24, Japan's national police, facing allegations that officers regularly squeeze confessions from suspects with abuse, issued guidelines for the first time setting limits on how far they can go in questioning sessions.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, In Kenya Pres. Kibaki and Opposition leader Odinga talked for the first time since the election, but the president angered the opposition by insisting after the hour-long meeting, mediated by former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, that his position as head of state was not negotiable.
    (AP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 24, Pakistani troops backed by tanks and gunships cleared militant hideouts near the Afghan border in a major offensive that left ten soldiers and 40 rebels dead.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, Two Palestinians infiltrated a religious seminary and attacked students in a West Bank settlement before being shot dead. Palestinian gunmen killed an Israeli police officer near Jerusalem.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, Russian election officials said Mikhail Kasyanov, the only liberal Kremlin critic in the presidential race, stands to be kept off the ballot because tens of thousands of signatures on his nominating petitions were forgeries. In Moscow Semyon Mogilevich, a businessman wanted by Interpol, was arrested on tax evasion charges.
    (AP, 1/24/08)(Econ, 3/15/08, p.73)
2008        Jan 24, In Sri Lanka 16 victims of what appeared to have been execution-style killings were found by villagers in a district 206 km (130 miles) north of the capital Colombo.
    (AFP, 1/25/08)
2008        Jan 24, In Davos, Switzerland, fears of world recession briefly took a back seat at the World Economic Forum, where leaders from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iraq focused on how to establish security in their volatile regions. Afghan Pres. Karzai stressed how extremists used economic exploitation to recruit bombers.
    (AP, 1/24/08)(AFP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, In Switzerland the country's supreme court said prosecutors acted within the law when they froze funds belonging to the Russian central bank at the behest of a Swiss firm. The funds were frozen over a legal dispute with Geneva-based trading firm Noga dating back to the end of the Soviet era.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, Taiwan's Premier Chang Chun-hsiung and his cabinet resigned en masse, less than two weeks after the governing Democratic Progressive Party's crushing defeat in parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, In southern Thailand Muslim militants fatally shot a Buddhist teacher as he pulled out of his driveway to head to work.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, Turkey's Islamist-rooted ruling AK Party and a key opposition party agreed to cooperate to lift a ban on the wearing of the Islamic headscarf in universities, a move sure to anger the secular elite.
    (AP, 1/24/08)
2008        Jan 24, Zimbabwean police arrested Nicholas van Hoogstraten (63), a British businessman, after finding a large quantity of foreign currency and alleged pornographic material in his possession. In 2002 the multi-millionaire was convicted of the manslaughter of an associate and was sentenced to ten years imprisonment but the conviction was quashed the following year and he was freed. On Jan 29 a Zimbabwe court ordered his release.
    (AFP, 1/26/08)(AFP, 1/29/08)

2009        Jan 24, President Barack Obama took to the airwaves to promote his economic aid plan in what's-it-mean-to-me terms: thousands of better schools, lower electricity bills, health coverage for millions who lose insurance.
    (AP, 1/24/09)
2009        Jan 24, In Las Vegas Miss Indiana Katie Stam was crowned Miss America 2009 by Miss America 2008 Kirsten Haglund.
    (AP, 1/25/09)
2009        Jan 24, In Kansas two people were killed and seven wounded in a shooting on the ninth day of the wake at a house in Wichita.
    (AP, 1/25/09)
2009        Jan 24, In eastern Afghanistan US-led coalition forces killed 15 militants in an overnight operation in Laghman province. Local legislators put the number of dead at more than 20 and said they included women and children.
    (AP, 1/24/09)
2009        Jan 24, Bahamas Sen. Pleasant Bridgewater, accused of trying to extort money from actor John Travolta after his son's death, resigned and vowed to prove her innocence.
    (AP, 1/24/09)
2009        Jan 24, Mariana Bridi (20), Brazilian model, died from complications related to a generalized infection caused by the bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The bacteria is known to be resistant to multiple kinds of antibiotics. The infection reduced the flow of oxygen to her limbs, causing her feet to be amputated last week and her hands this week.
    (AP, 1/24/09)
2009        Jan 24, China announced the death of a 31-year-old woman from bird flu, its fourth human victim this year, sparking fears of an outbreak during the country's main festive season.
    (AFP, 1/24/09)
2009        Jan 24, In El Salvador final results showed that the former leftist rebels won more seats than any other party in legislative elections but fell short of a majority.
    (AP, 1/24/09)
2009        Jan 24, In India a right-wing Hindu nationalist group, outraged by what they viewed as "obscene" behavior, stormed a fashionable bar in the southern city of Mangalore and the assaulted female patrons. The Sri Ram Sena (Lord Ram's Army) claimed responsibility for the attack.
    (AFP, 1/31/09)
2009        Jan 24, In Iraq a suicide car bomber struck a police patrol in the former insurgent stronghold of Karmah west of Baghdad, killing four people, including a senior officer, and wounding six others. Gunmen opened fire on a checkpoint south of the capital manned by government-backed Sunni fighters who have joined forces with the Americans against al-Qaida in Iraq. Two of the so-called Sons of Iraq were killed in the attack in Jurf al-Sakr and two others were wounded. North of Baghdad a man and a woman were killed and a child was wounded during a US-Iraqi military operation in Hawija.
    (AP, 1/24/09)
2009        Jan 24, In Italy some 600 migrants and refugees broke out of an overcrowded immigration facility on the Sicilian island of Lampedusa to protest their treatment. The migrants returned to the facility after several hours.
    (AP, 1/24/09)
2009        Jan 24, Pakistan urged President Barack Obama to halt US missile strikes on al-Qaida strongholds near the Afghan border, saying that civilians were killed the previous day in the first attacks since Obama's inauguration.
    (AP, 1/24/09)
2009        Jan 24, In Singapore a couple treated open air diners to a 15-minute naked parade, triggering both embarrassment and applause for a scene almost unheard of in the conservative city-state. The couple, a Caucasian man and an ethnic Chinese woman in their 20s, were arrested and released on bail.
    (Reuters, 1/28/09)
2009        Jan 24, In Somalia 17 people were killed in Mogadishu by a suicide car bomb targeting African Union peacekeepers. The dead included a police officer, who tried to stop the suicide bomber’s car. A gunfight between peacekeepers and insurgents followed left 5 more dead.
    (AFP, 1/24/09)(AFP, 1/26/09)
2009        Jan 24, In South Korea Kang Ho-sun (38) was arrested at his workplace in Ansan, a city about 20 miles (30 kilometers) south of Seoul, in connection with the killing of a student who disappeared last month. Her body was found in a nearby town the next day. Kang later confessed to kidnapping and killing the student and then admitted to slaying six other women between December 2006 and December 2008.
    (AP, 1/30/09)
2009        Jan 24, A storm killed 11 people in Spain, including four children who were killed when a sports center collapsed near Barcelona, and four in France as high winds swept across Spain and southern France.
    (AP, 1/24/09)(AP, 1/25/09)
2009        Jan 24, Sudanese government planes bombed a key town in south Darfur, a week after it was seized by Darfuri JEM rebels. The next day peacekeepers said the bomb attack killed and wounded civilians.
    (Reuters, 1/24/09)(Reuters, 1/25/09)
2009        Jan 24, Pope Benedict rehabilitated four traditionalist bishops who lead the far-right Society of Saint Pius X (SSPX), which has about 600,000 members and rejects modernizations of Roman Catholic worship and doctrine. One of the four, British-born Richard Williamson, has made statements denying the full extent of the Nazi Holocaust of European Jews, as accepted by mainstream historians.
    (Reuters, 1/26/09)

2010        Jan 24, The US sent 3 detainees held at the US military prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to Slovakia, the latest transfers as the Obama administration tries to close the facility.
    (Reuters, 1/25/10)
2010        Jan 24, Wal-Mart Stores of Bentonville, Ark., said it will cut some 11,200 jobs at Sam’s Club warehouses as it turns the task of in-store product demonstrations to an outside marketing company, Shopper Events.
    (SFC, 1/25/10, p.A5)
2010        Jan 24, Daniel Kerrigan (70), the father of figure skater Nancy Kerrigan, died after a disturbance at the family's Massachusetts home. Brother Mark Kerrigan (45) was charged with assaulting the 70-year-old father.
    (AP, 1/25/10)
2010        Jan 24, Pernell Roberts (b.1928), TV actor, died at his home in Malibu, Ca. He played the eldest Cartwright son  (1959-1965) in the “Bonanza” TV series. After Bonanza he played the lead in the “Trapper John M.D.” TV series.
    (SFC, 1/26/10, p.C5)
2010        Jan 24, Osama bin Laden claimed responsibility for the failed attempt to bomb a Detroit-bound airliner on Christmas in a new audio message threatening more attacks on the US.
    (AP, 1/24/10)
2010        Jan 24, An Afghan official said authorities have arrested the ringleader of a group that staged a brazen attack in Kabul and now believe the assault was coordinated by al-Qaida. 3 US service members were killed in two bombings in the south. An explosion in the southern of Helmand killed a British soldier. A rocket attack struck the Kandahar Air Field, injuring four Bulgarians and at least two Romanians.
    (AP, 1/24/10)(AP, 1/25/10)
2010        Jan 24, Cambodian and Thai troops exchanged fire near a disputed border temple, the latest in a string of gun battles between the countries since last year.
    (AFP, 1/24/10)
2010        Jan 24, Haiti’s communications minister said the confirmed death toll from the Jan 12 earthquake has topped 150,000 in the Port-au-Prince metropolitan area alone, with many more thousands dead around the country or still buried under the rubble.
    (AP, 1/24/10)
2010        Jan 24, In India environment ministers from Brazil, South Africa, India and China said that talks in New Delhi had further cemented their alliance following the Copenhagen climate change summit. The group, known by the acronym BASIC, pledged to strengthen its unified stance but would seek consensus with developed countries.
    (AP, 1/24/10)
2010        Jan 24, In Indonesia gunmen attacked a convoy near the world's largest gold mine in Papua, wounding at least seven people including a foreigner.
    (AP, 1/24/10)
2010        Jan 24, In Iran a Russian-made Iranian Taban Air plane carrying 157 passengers and 13 crew caught fire upon landing at northeastern Mashhad airport injuring at least 46 people.
    (AP, 1/24/10)
2010        Jan 24, Israel's PM Netanyahu declared that his country would retain parts of the West Bank forever, a statement that infuriated Palestinians and could complicate the year-old peace mission of visiting US envoy George Mitchell.
    (AP, 1/24/10)
2010        Jan 24, Japanese voters in Nago city on Okinawa island elected a mayor who opposes plans for a controversial new US air base, complicating a row with Washington over relocating troops.
    (AP, 1/24/10)
2010        Jan 24, In northern Mexico a shootout between troops and suspected drug traffickers killed two soldiers and four gunmen in Nuevo Leon state. In Veracruz state the mutilated body  of Nayeli Reyes, a federal court official, was discovered in the same residential neighborhood of Boca del Rio, Vera Cruz state, where she was abducted.
    (AP, 1/25/10)
2010        Jan 24, In Nigeria the head of the Roman Catholic Church in Jos condemned clashes between Christians and Muslims there which are said to have claimed more than 450 lives. Reverend Peter Imasuen, the Anglican bishop of Benin City, was kidnapped in southern state of Edo shortly after saying mass.
    (AFP, 1/24/10)(AFP, 1/25/10)
2010        Jan 24, North Korea threatened South Korea with war after Seoul warned it would launch a pre-emptive strike if the North was preparing a nuclear attack, the latest salvo in a battle of rhetoric despite signs of improved cooperation across the militarized frontier.
    (AP, 1/24/10)
2010        Jan 24, Pakistan intelligence officials and a local resident said a suspected US drone had crashed in North Waziristan near the Afghan border. The bodies of 7 men, accused by Taliban militants of spying for the US, were found shot dead in the northwest tribal belt. A paramilitary soldier was killed when Taliban militants fired a rocket at a convoy near Malik Deenkhel village in Khyber.
    (AFP, 1/24/10)
2010        Jan 24, In Peru some 3,900 tourists were cut off in villages near Machu Picchu in the Andes mountains, when mudslides blocked the railway to the city of Cuzco, which is the only way in or out of the area. Torrential rain, due to El Nino, in the Cusco area left at least 26 people dead and destroyed the homes and livelihood of some 20,000.
    (AP, 1/27/10)(Econ, 2/13/10, p.42)
2010        Jan 24, In Venezuela a cable television channel critical of President Hugo Chavez was yanked from the airwaves for defying new regulations requiring it to televise the socialist leader's speeches.
    (AP, 1/24/10)

2011        Jan 24, Human Rights Watch said democracies around the world are ignoring abuses by repressive regimes and opting for improved relations rather than condemning rights violations and curtailing aid.
    (AP, 1/24/11)
2011        Jan 24, The California Supreme Court ruled that cities and counties do not have to consult with unions before deciding to lay off workers to save money.
    (SFC, 1/25/11, p.C1)
2011        Jan 24, In Florida a firefight left 2 police officers dead in St. Petersburg. Suspect Hydra lacy Jr. (39) was found dead. He had opened fire from an attic and killed officers Tom Baitinger (48) and Jeffrey Yaslowitz (39).
    (SFC, 1/25/11, p.A7)
2011        Jan 24, Former Minnesota Gov. Jesse Ventura sued the Department of Homeland Security and the Transportation Security Administration, alleging full-body scans and pat-downs at airport checkpoints violate his right to be free from unreasonable searches and seizures.
    (AP, 1/24/11)
2011        Jan 24, Chief Master Sgt. William Gurney, a senior Ohio Air Force base official, pleaded guilty to sexual misconduct and adultery, blaming extramarital affairs he had with married female subordinates and inappropriate sexual advances he made toward others on getting "caught up in a cycle of sin."
    (AP, 1/25/11)
2011        Jan 24, J.C. Penney Co. said it is closing some stores, outlets and call center locations and continuing to work on an exit from its catalog business in an effort to streamline operations and boost profits.
    (AP, 1/24/11)
2011        Jan 24, In Argentina a woman (30) threw herself from the 23rd story of a Buenos Aires hotel Monday and survived after landing on the roof of a taxi.
    (AP, 1/25/11)
2011        Jan 24, Lara Giddings took over as premier Australia’s island state of Tasmania.
    (Econ, 2/12/11, p.49)
2011        Jan 24, Brazilian authorities said heavy overnight storms have caused new flooding in Sao Paulo, killing at least one man, toppling cars into buildings, downing power lines and halting traffic.
    (AP, 1/24/11)
2011        Jan 24, A Chinese newspaper said that transnational crime gangs are trafficking a growing number of Chinese women to Southeast Asia, Europe and Africa where they are forced into prostitution.
    (AP, 1/24/11)
2011        Jan 24, In CongoDRC’s Virunga National Park an attack killed three park rangers and five Congolese soldiers. Officials believed the attackers, who fled on foot, were Rwandan-led Hutu rebels who retaliated after rangers destroyed two of their camps in the park in December.
    (AP, 1/25/11)
2011        Jan 24, India's sports ministry removed the top two organizers of last year's tainted Commonwealth Games in New Delhi to enable an "unhindered" police probe into alleged corruption.
    (AFP, 1/24/11)
2011        Jan 24, Bhimsen Joshi (88), singer of India, died. 
    (http://wn.com/Pandit_Bhimsen_Joshi__AIR_Films_Division_Documentary_Part_1)(Econ, 1/29/11, p.100)
2011        Jan 24, Iran hanged Jafar Kazemi and Mohammad Ali Hajaghaei, two members of the opposition People's Mujahedeen convicted over the 2009 post-election turmoil, after an appeals court upheld their death sentences.
    (AP, 1/24/11)
2011        Jan 24, In Iraq 2 car bombs struck Shiite pilgrims in Karbala, killing at least 26 people as crowds massed for religious rituals marking the end of a 40-day mourning period for the Islamic sect's most beloved saint. 2 bombs in Baghdad killed an Iraqi Army intelligence officer and his driver and wounded 8 bystanders in separate strikes that hit a Shiite and a Sunni neighborhood. Unknown gunmen killed two members of a government-backed Sunni militia known as Awakening Councils, of Sahwa, as they were driving in their cars southwest of the city of Kirkuk. A roadside bomb exploded near Tikrit as Salahuddin provincial Gov. Ahmed Abdullah al-Jubouri's motorcade was driving by, wounding five of his bodyguards.
    (AP, 1/24/11)
2011        Jan 24, Israel's foreign minister confirmed that he has drawn up a plan for the creation of an interim Palestinian state with temporary borders in the absence of a full peace agreement.
    (AP, 1/24/11)
2011        Jan 24, In Ivory Coast Alassane Outtara, the internationally recognized leader, ordered a one-month ban on cocoa exports in a test of his authority. There was no guarantee that growers would comply.
    (SFC, 1/25/11, p.A2)
2011        Jan 24, In Mexico 3 people, two men and a 15-year-old boy were killed on a street in neighborhood of Ciudad Juarez where 7 people were killed a day earlier. A series of banners appeared in the western states of Michoacan and Guerrero claiming La Familia drug cartel has decided to disband.
    (AP, 1/24/11)
2011        Jan 24, Nigeria's foreign minister called on the UN Security Council to authorize force in Ivory Coast as West African nations seek to further pressure Laurent Gbagbo to quit power.
    (AFP, 1/24/11)
2011        Jan 24, Palestinian protesters smashed windows and sprayed graffiti outside the headquarters of the Al-Jazeera TV channel in the West Bank. Al-Jazeera the previous evening had aired what it said were leaked documents showing that Palestinian leaders agreed to deep concessions on two of the thorniest issues in negotiations with Israel: Jerusalem and the fate of Palestinian refugees.
    (AP, 1/24/11)
2011        Jan 24, Peru joined a growing number of South American countries in recognizing an independent and sovereign Palestinian state. The decision does not recognize Palestine's borders pre-dating the Six-Day War of 1967. Peru also recognized Israel's indisputable right to exist without any threats to its people.
    (AP, 1/24/11)
2011        Jan 24, In the Philippines a gunman fatally shot Jerry Ortega, a radio broadcaster who had been critical of corrupt officials in the southern Philippines. Police captured the fleeing assailant with the help of passing firemen and bystanders.
    (AP, 1/24/11)
2011        Jan 24, In Russia 37 people were killed and 180 injured in a suicide bombing at Moscow's Domodedovo airport. An autopsy later showed "a huge amount of highly potent narcotic and psychotropic substances in parts of the suicide bomber's body." On Feb 6 unnamed officials in the North Caucasus region said they believed Magomed Yevloyev (20) of Ingushetia, was the suicide bomber. On Feb 9 Itar-TASS reported that Yevloyev’s brother Akhmed (16) and sister Fatima (22) have been arrested. Also detained was Akhmed Aushev, a resident of the same village, Ali-Yurt, Ingushetia. On March 29 Russian investigators charged Doku Umarov, a Chechen warlord, and another militant with organizing the airport bombing. Media reports said that Umarov might be among 17 militants killed in a security raid in the province of Ingushetia west of Chechnya on March 28. On Nov 11, 2013, brothers Islam and Ilez Yandiyev and Bashir Khamkhoyev received life sentences in maximum security penal colonies on terrorism and other charges. Akhmed Yevloyev was sentenced to 10 years in a penal colony.
    (Reuters, 1/24/11)(Reuters, 1/25/11)(AP, 1/29/11)(AP, 2/3/11)(Reuters, 2/6/11)(Reuters, 2/9/11)(AP, 3/29/11)(AP, 11/11/13)
2011        Jan 24, The New York-based Human Rights Watch said in its World Report 2011 that Saudi Arabia's government is harassing and jailing activists, often without trial, for speaking out in favor of expanding religious tolerance and that new restrictions on electronic communication in the kingdom were severe.
    (AP, 1/25/11)
2011        Jan 24, South Africa’s government declared 33 municipalities as disaster areas following flooding that killed more than 100 people over the last month and saturated the farms of the major food producer for the continent.
    (Reuters, 1/22/11)
2011        Jan 24, A Sudanese man, Al-Amin Musa Al-Amin (25), who was hospitalized on Jan 21 after setting himself on fire in a suburb of Khartoum, died from his wounds.
    (AFP, 1/25/11)
2011        Jan 24, In Tunisia thousands of protesters rallied in the main government quarter in Tunis calling for PM Mohammed Ghannouchi to resign after the fall of veteran leader Zine El Abidine Ben Ali. Teachers went on strike, and police demanded the right to form a union, as Tunisia struggled to stabilize itself after its president was overthrown.
    (AFP, 1/24/11)(AP, 1/24/11)

2012        Jan 24, US Pres Obama gave his state of the union address. His statements included: “Tyranny is no match for liberty.” On Oct 9, 2011, a twitter message stated “The Libyan Revolutionaries have proven that Tyranny is no match for Liberty and Democracy.”
    (http://twitter.com/quootar)(SFC, 1/25/12, p.A1)
2012        Jan 24, Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney bowed to political pressure and cracked the books on his personal finances, releasing US tax returns showing he pays a lower effective tax rate than many top wage-earners. Romney and his wife Ann paid an effective tax rate of 13.9 percent in 2010 and expect to pay a 15.4 percent effective tax rate when they file their returns for 2011.
    (Reuters, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, Two employees of the US Army Corps of Engineers and two others were arrested in a $20 million bribery and kickback case. The two Army Corps employees, Kerry F. Khan, a program manager, and Michael A. Alexander, a program director, received kickbacks in exchange for directing government contracts to a subcontractor specializing in software encryption devices and other information technology.
    (http://tinyurl.com/6t589z9)(SFC, 1/26/12, p.A6)
2012        Jan 24, In California the Mendocino County Board of Supervisors voted to cancel its 2-year-old medical marijuana permit program following threats from federal prosecutors.
    (SSFC, 1/29/12, p.A12)
2012        Jan 24, In Connecticut 4 police officers, including the president of the local police union, were arrested by the FBI on charges that they assaulted illegal immigrants and covered up abuses in a New Haven suburb where a federal investigation found life was made miserable for Hispanics.
    (AP, 1/25/12)
2012        Jan 24, In New Mexico a federal jury awarded $22 million to Stephen Slevin (58), who was kept in solitary confinement for two years and forced to pull his own tooth after being arrested for drunken driving in Dona Ana County. He was arrested while driving through the southern New Mexico county in August 2005 and ended up in solitary confinement because he was suffering from depression and someone checked a box on a form indicating he was suicidal. He released in June, 2007, and was never convicted.
    (AP, 1/26/12)
2012        Jan 24, Afghan officials said heavy snow and avalanches in Afghanistan's far northeast have killed at least 46 people since last week.
    (AP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, Flooding in northeastern Australia caused thousands of homes to lose power and prompted authorities to start evacuations, around a year after deadly floods devastated the region.
    (AFP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, In Bahrain at least 41 policemen were injured in clashes with demonstrators.
    (AP, 1/25/12)
2012        Jan 24, The Coryton refinery in Essex, one of Britain's largest oil refineries halted sales, casting doubt over the future of 1,000 jobs and putting petrol supplies at risk. Petroplus, its Swiss owner, said it would file for insolvency. It had bought the refinery from BP in 2007.
    (AFP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, Canada deported a Rwandan man charged with crimes against humanity. Leon Mugesera, who lost a 16-year battle to stay in Canada, will face charges of inciting murder, extermination and genocide.
    (Reuters, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, In China two Tibetans were reportedly killed and several more were wounded when security forces opened fire on a crowd of protesters in Seda county in politically sensitive Ganzi prefecture in Sichuan province.
    (AP, 1/25/12)
2012        Jan 24, Egypt's military ruler decreed a partial lifting of the nation's hated emergency laws, saying the draconian laws will remain applicable to crimes committed by "thugs." This would become effective Jan 25, the first anniversary of the start of the popular uprising that toppled longtime authoritarian ruler Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, India's central bank moved to release billions of dollars to commercial lenders in a policy shift designed to boost slackening growth in Asia's third-biggest economy.
    (AFP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, Nearly 700 Indian separatist rebels laid down their arms at a ceremony that the government hailed as a major step towards bringing peace to the restive northeast region.
    (AFP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, In Iraq a series of car bombs exploded in Shiite areas of Baghdad. At least 19 people were killed and over 60 injured as insurgents targeted day laborers, government workers and a police captain. Mullah Nadhum al-Jubouri, the leader of a Sunni militia that turned against al-Qaida in Iraq and sided with the US troops, died in a drive-by shooting in western Baghdad.
    (AFP, 1/24/12)(AP, 1/25/12)(SFC, 1/25/12, p.A2)
2012        Jan 24, Israel carried out several airstrikes overnight in Gaza that the Israeli military said targeted an arms factory and three tunnels. A rocket fired from the Gaza Strip landed in southern Israel, causing no damage or injuries. The Israeli military arrested MP Abdul Jaber Fuqaha overnight from his home in Ramallah, the fifth Hamas official to be arrested by Israeli forces in the past five days.
    (AP, 1/24/12)(AFP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, In Kashmir a huge avalanche buried seven Indian soldiers while they were clearing snow from an army supply road in the mountains near the cease-fire line.
    (AP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, Kosovo moved a step closer to full control of its own affairs, with a multinational organization announcing it will end its mandate this year pending continued progress on democratization and human rights.
    (AP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, In Mali some 82 soldiers and civilians were summarily executed during a Tuareg offensive in the town of Aguelhok.
    (AFP, 2/13/12)
2012        Jan 24, In Mauritania representatives from Sahel states (Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Algeria) and Nigeria vowed to help each other fight terrorism from Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb and Islamist sect Boko Haram, which are said to have ties.
    (AFP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, In New Zealand a mass-stranding of whales left 36 of the creatures dead and threatened 40 more. 99 pilot whales had stranded themselves a day earlier on Farewell Spit on the South Island.
    (AP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, Nigerian security forces killed a man and his pregnant wife in an assault on a neighborhood in Kano. Suspected members of Boko Haram surrounded a police station in Kano, ordered civilians to get off the street, began chanting "God is great" and threw homemade bombs into the station while spraying it with assault rifles.
    (AP, 1/24/12)(AP, 1/25/12)
2012        Jan 24, In Papua New Guinea as many as 60 people were feared dead after a massive landslide wiped out an entire village in the rugged Southern Highlands.
    (AFP, 1/25/12)
2012        Jan 24, Philippine customs authorities seized unclaimed items, which appeared to have been meant for cooking something illegal. They had waited a month to see who would claim the suspicious shipment of "kitchen equipment" from Taiwan. A Chinese drug syndicate is suspected to have arranged the shipment to use the drumloads of chemicals, heating equipment and other items to produce large quantities of methamphetamine.
    (AP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, Romania's PM Emil Bloc used a national Day of Unity holiday to call for unity as thousands of protesters angry at the government's failure to reverse falling living standards turned their ire toward state media.
    (AP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, Russia's elections commission said prominent opposition leader Grigory Yavlinsky will be disqualified from running for president in March, after finding that hundreds of thousands of the signatures submitted on his nominating petition were invalid. The move would prevent his liberal Yabloko party from fielding observers. His party had fielded thousands of election observers in the December election who documented evidence of fraud in favor of Putin's United Russia party.
    (AP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, Saudi police detained nine men accused of instigating riots earlier this month in the eastern city of Qatif.
    (AP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, Senegal's public transport workers launched a fresh strike to protest high fuel prices and police harassment, leaving many stranded on their way to work.
    (AFP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, A respected human rights group, the Humanitarian Law Center, accused Serbia's new army chief of staff, Gen. Ljubisa Dikovic, of war crimes against civilians in Kosovo during the 1998-99 war, but officials denied the claim.
    (AP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, In Somalia a truck bomb targeted an Ethiopian military base. Islamist militants claimed responsibility for the attack. Al-Shabab on its Twitter feed claimed that 33 Ethiopian troops were killed in the attack.
    (AP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, Syria's foreign minister said that "half the universe" is conspiring against his country, as Gulf Arab nations withdrew from a monitoring mission in Syria because the government has failed to stop 10 months of violence. Syrian troops opened fire to disperse hundreds of people in al-Barra village in the Jabal al-Zawiya region of northern Syria who had gathered for the funeral of Radwan Rabih Hamadi, assassinated a day earlier.
    (AP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, Tanzanian police freed Burundian opposition leader Alexis Sinduhije, who was arrested two weeks ago in Dar es Salaam at Burundi's request. Sinduhije was expelled to Uganda.
    (AFP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, In central Thailand fireworks set off during an official Chinese New Year celebration sparked a blaze that burned homes, killed three people and injured others.
    (AP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, Tunisian police ended a weeks-long sit-in by conservative Muslims at Manouba university that banned the full-face veil.
    (AFP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, Turkey warned the French president against signing a law that makes it a crime to deny that the killings of Armenians by Ottoman Turks nearly a century ago constituted genocide, saying such a move would deal a heavy blow to the relations between the two countries.
    (AP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, Ugandan police clashed with opposition supporters in Kampala after security forces tried to detain opposition leader Kizza Besigye following a protest rally over rising living costs.
    (AFP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, UNICEF said a year of Yemen's turmoil has exacerbated the number of malnourished children under the age of five to around 750,000.
    (AP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, Uruguay's president approved a $513,000 payment to Macarena Gelman, who was illegally adopted during the dictatorship after her mother was tortured and disappeared.
    (AP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, Venezuela deported three suspected drug smugglers wanted in the United States, Canada and Colombia, touting the moves as proof the government of President Hugo Chavez is making strides in fighting trafficking.
    (AP, 1/24/12)
2012        Jan 24, More teachers in Zimbabwe joined a national strike in which government workers are seeking to double their salaries. Their action on the strike's second day, and the absence of more staff from government offices, began to disrupt routine services.
    (AP, 1/24/12)

2013        Jan 24, Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., introduced legislation to reinstate a federal ban on assault weapons. The "Assault Weapons Ban of 2013" centered on banning military-style assault weapons and high-capacity ammunition feeding devices.
    (AP, 1/24/13)
2013        Jan 24, David Headley (52) was sentenced in a US federal court in Chicago to 35 years in prison for his role in the 2008 Mumbai attack, that killed 166 people in India’s financial capital.
    (AP, 1/25/13)
2013        Jan 24, Toymaker Mattel Inc. scored a partial victory when a federal appeals court overturned a 2011 jury verdict and $170 million in damages for allegedly stealing trade secrets from the maker of Bratz dolls. The court upheld a judge’s award of $137.2 million to Bratz’s manufacturer, MGA Entertainment, for its defense against Mattel’s trade secrets claim.
    (SFC, 1/25/13, p.D5)
2013        Jan 24, US health officials said the new Sydney strain of norovirus, a stomach bug, has been sweeping the globe is taking over in the US. Since September more than 140 outbreaks in the US have been caused by the new strain.
    (AP, 1/24/13)
2013        Jan 24, In Azerbaijan hundreds of angry demonstrators in Ismayilli, some 175 km (110 miles) from the capital, Baku, surrounded a regional government building demanding the governor's resignation after a night of rioting in which a hotel and several cars were torched.
    (AP, 1/24/13)
2013        Jan 24, Bahrain riot police fired tear gas and stun grenades at several hundred anti-government protesters whose chants included calls to reject proposed talks aimed at easing nearly two years of unrest in the Gulf nation.
    (AP, 1/24/13)
2013        Jan 24, Britain’s and Ireland’s energy ministers signed a memorandum of understanding in Dublin, agreeing to assess the costs and benefits of trading renewable energy, to look at potential projects and to consider sharing renewable energy statistics.
    (Reuters, 1/24/13)
2013        Jan 24, In Canada Theresa Spence, a chief from a remote Ontario reserve, agreed to end her hunger strike after talks with other native groups and opposition political parties. Spence traveled to Ottawa in December and set up camp on a small island in the Ottawa River to raise awareness about living conditions for natives across Canada.
    (AP, 1/24/13)
2013        Jan 24, Egyptian riot police fired tear gas and clashed with dozens of protesters who were trying to tear down a cement wall built to prevent demonstrators from reaching parliament and the Cabinet building. A video was posted online showing youths dressed in black marching in lines in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria. "We are the Black Bloc ... seeking people's liberation, the fall of corruption and the toppling of the tyrant," proclaimed the video.
    (AP, 1/24/13)(AP, 1/28/13)
2013        Jan 24, Frenchwoman Florence Cassez (38), who spent seven years in prison in Mexico on kidnapping charges, returned to a hero's welcome in Paris. She was ordered freed a day earlier because of flaws in her trial. She was arrested in 2005 and convicted of helping her Mexican then-boyfriend run a kidnapping gang.
    (AP, 1/24/13)
2013        Jan 24, In Greece strikers protesting pay cuts refused to return to work, leaving Athens' subway system closed for an eighth day, despite a court decision declaring their protest illegal.
    (AP, 1/24/13)
2013        Jan 24, Guyana signed an agreement with NY conservation group Panthera, which is trying to establish a jaguar corridor from northern Argentina to Mexico..
    (SFC, 1/25/13, p.A2)
2013        Jan 24, Jordan’s election commission said 1.3 million Jordanians, or 56.7 percent of nearly 2.3 million people who were registered to vote, had cast their ballots.
    (AP, 1/24/13)
2013        Jan 24, Mali's rebel movement showed new signs of discord in the wake of punishing French air strikes, with one wing of the Ansar Dine group now pledging to negotiate an end to the country's crisis and possibly even fight against its former comrades-in-arms. Islamic extremists based in the town of Ansongo destroyed a bridge near the Niger border, marking the first use of explosives by the insurgents since the start of the French-led military intervention exactly two weeks ago.
    (AP, 1/24/13)(AP, 1/25/13)
2013        Jan 24, North Korea's top governing body warned that the regime will conduct its third nuclear test in defiance of UN punishment, and made clear that its long-range rockets are designed to carry not only satellites but also warheads aimed at striking the United States.
    (AP, 1/24/13)
2013        Jan 24, Pakistan’s attorney general Irfan Qadir said Pakistan is holding 700 suspected militants without charges under a controversial law that has been criticized by human rights organizations.
    (AP, 1/24/13)
2013        Jan 24, More than 3,000 Palestinian teenagers graduated from the ruling Hamas militant group's first high school military training program in the Gaza Strip, displaying mock weapons, crawling commando-style on the ground and taking up fighting positions for thousands of cheering supporters.
    (AP, 1/24/13)
2013        Jan 24, South Africa reported that some 15 thousand crocodiles escaped the Rakwena Crocodile Farm on the Limpopo River border with Botswana when the farm gates were opened earlier this week to alleviate pressure from rising flood waters.
    (SFC, 1/26/13, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/adlfxrl)
2013        Jan 24, Syrian warplanes bombed rebel-held areas near Damascus as President Bashar Assad's troops battled opposition fighters for control of a strategic road that links the capital with the main airport. Twin car bombs in the Syrian-controlled part of the Golan Heights killed eight people in Quneitra, as thegovernment called on those who fled the country during the civil war to return, including regime opponents.
    (AP, 1/24/13)(AP, 1/25/13)
2013        Jan 24, The UN Security Council approved the use of surveillance drones over eastern Congo to monitor roving militias.
    (SFC, 1/25/13, p.A2)
2013        Jan 24, Vietnam’s Laborer newspaper quoted Minister of Public Security Tran Dai Quang as saying Vietnam will produce its own drug for executing prisoners. Factories in the EU have stopped shipments because of objections there to the death penalty.
    (AP, 1/24/13)

2014        Jan 24, In South Carolina Justin Singleton (19) was arrested soon after he killed student Brandon Robinson (20), a member of the school’s football team.
    (CSM, 1/26/14)
2014        Jan 24, Argentina said it is relaxing restrictions on the purchase of US dollars following a sharp, sudden slide in the value of the local peso.
    (AP, 1/24/14)
2014        Jan 24, Air Canada suspended ticket sales in Venezuela, adding to a rising number of airlines protesting a government devaluation of the local currency just for travelers.
    (AFP, 1/24/14)
2014        Jan 24, In Central African Republic Dr. Joseph Kalite, a former government health minister who had supported last year's rebellion by Muslim fighters, was assassinated at the Central Mosque in Bangui.
    (AP, 1/24/14)
2014        Jan 24, Chinese police shot dead six people during a "terrorist" attack in the restive western region of Xinjiang and six more died when explosives they were carrying detonated.
    (Reuters, 1/26/14)
2014        Jan 24, In CongoDRC an explosion at an arms depot killed over 20 people near the diamond-mining hub of Mbuji-Mayi.
    (Reuters, 1/25/14)(SFC, 1/27/14, p.A2)
2014        Jan 24, Leading Cuban dissident Jose Daniel Ferrer was arrested after meeting with European diplomats in Havana.
    (AFP, 1/25/14)
2014        Jan 24, In Egypt a bomb planted on a road hit a convoy of security forces on a busy street in Cairo, killing one person in the fourth bombing in one day. A suicide car bomber blew himself up in the parking lot of a top security compound in central Cairo, killing at least four people.
    (AP, 1/24/14)(Reuters, 1/24/14)
2014        Jan 24, President Francois Hollande spoke of "convergence" on international issues after talks with Pope Francis amid a swirling scandal over the French leader's love life and divisions in France over issues like abortion and euthanasia.
    (AFP, 1/24/14)
2014        Jan 24, Gabon's President Ali Bongo Ondimba named a new prime minister, Daniel Ona Ondo, following municipal and regional elections.
    (AFP, 1/24/14)
2014        Jan 24, Iran's foreign minister, speaking at the World Economic Forum in Davos, called for all "foreign elements" to leave Syria so its people can decide their future themselves.
    (AP, 1/24/14)
2014        Jan 24, In Iraq violence in parts of Anbar province held by anti-government fighters killed 3 people. A UN report said more than 140,000 Iraqis have fled parts of Anbar province over clashes between security forces and al-Qaida militants since its brutal 2006-08 sectarian conflict.
    (AFP, 1/24/14)(AP, 1/24/14)
2014        Jan 24, Israeli forces shot dead Bilal Samir Oweida (20) and wounded another man in the Gaza Strip. The Israeli army said a group of Palestinians had entered "a prohibited area" in northern Gaza where they damaged the security fence, hurled rocks and rolled burning tires at IDF (Israel Defense Forces).
    (AFP, 1/24/14)
2014        Jan 24, In northern Mali a French counter-terrorism offensive ended with 11 Islamist militants killed and a French soldier wounded.
    (AFP, 1/24/14)
2014        Jan 24, North Korea proposed reunions of families separated since the Korean War six decades ago, continuing its latest campaign of reconciliation that included a call for South Korea and the United States to cancel joint military drills.
    (Reuters, 1/24/14)
2014        Jan 24, In South Africa four police officers were arrested after the fatal shooting of a protester during a demonstration that turned violent on the outskirts of Johannesburg. A 28-year-old man was shot and killed earlier this week after protesters blocked roads with stones and burning tires in the Roodepoort area.
    (AP, 1/24/14)
2014        Jan 24, The World Food Program said looters in South Sudan have stolen UN food aid that would have fed over 220,000 people for a month.
    (AFP, 1/24/14)
2014        Jan 24, A Syrian activist group said 63 people have died since last June in the besieged Yarmouk Palestinian refugee camp from a lack of food and medicine.
    (AP, 1/24/14)
2014        Jan 24, Direct talks in Geneva were scrapped between Syrian President Bashar Assad's government and the Western-backed opposition that wants to overthrow him. Barrel bomb attacks on Aleppo's outlying industrial city and the Sheikh Najjar districts killed 10 people,
    (AP, 1/24/14)(AFP, 1/25/14)
2014        Jan 24, Thailand's Constitutional Court opened the way to put off a general election the government has set for February 2, piling pressure on Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra who looks increasingly cornered by legal challenges to her grip on power.
    (Reuters, 1/24/14)
2014        Jan 24, UAE President Sheik Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan (65) suffered a stroke. His condition after surgery was reported as stable.
    (AP, 1/25/14)

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