Today In History - February 1

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1327        Feb 1, Edward III was crowned King of England. [see Jan 7,20]
    (HN, 2/1/99)

1328        Feb 1, Charles IV, the Handsome, King of France (1322-28), died.
    (MC, 2/1/02)

1411        Feb 1, Lithuania, Poland and the Knights of the Cross signed the Torun Peace Treaty. Samogitia was returned to Lithuania. The Teutonic Knights had regrouped and gone to battle against Vytautas and Jogaila. Peace was signed at Torun and western Lithuania was returned, but not Klaipeda (Memel).
    (Ist. L.H., 1948, p. 71)(LHC, 1/31/03)

1552        Feb 1, Sir Edward Coke, English jurist, was born in Mileham, Norfolk. He helped the development of English law with his arguments for the supremacy of common law over royal prerogative.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Coke)
   
1587        Feb 1, Elizabeth I, Queen of England, signed the Warrant of Execution for Mary Queen of Scots.
    (HN, 2/1/99)

1633        Feb 1, The tobacco laws of Virginia were codified, limiting tobacco production to reduce dependence on a single-crop economy.
    (HN, 2/1/99)

1669        Feb 1, French King Louis XIV limited the freedom of religion.
    (MC, 2/1/02)

1709        Feb 1, British sailor Alexander Selkirk was rescued after being marooned on the desert island of Mas a Tierra for 5 years. His story inspired "Robinson Crusoe." The island off the coast of Chile was later renamed Robinson Crusoe Island.
    (ON, 6/12, p.6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Selkirk)

1733        Feb 1, Augustus the Strong, Elector of Saxony, Grand Duke of Lithuania (1697-1706) and twice King of Poland (1697-1706, 1709-1733), died in Warsaw.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augustus_II_the_Strong)

1788        Feb 1, Isaac Briggs and William Longstreet patented the steamboat on this day.
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)

1790        Feb 1, The US Supreme Court convened for 1st time in Royal Exchange Building, New York City, the nations temporary capital.
    (www.supremecourthistory.org)

1793        Feb 1, Ralph Hodgson of Lansingburg, NY, patented one of the world’s greatest inventions this day: Oiled silk.
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)   
1793        Feb 1, France declared war on Britain and the Netherlands.
    (HN, 2/1/99)

1811        Feb 1, Scotland’s Bell Rock lighthouse, at the mouth of Scotland’s Firth of Forth, began operations. Robert Stevenson (1772-1850) had begun work on the lighthouse in 1807.
    (ON, 5/06, p.8)

1827        Feb 1, Alphonse de Rothschild, French banker, was born.
    (MC, 2/1/02)

1851        Feb 1, Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (53), novelist (Frankenstein), died.
    (MC, 2/1/02)

1859        Feb 1, Victor Herbert was born. (cellist, conductor: Pittsburgh Symphony; composer: operettas: Babes in Toyland, Naughty Marietta; songs: Ah Sweet Mystery of Life (at Last I’ve Found You)
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)

1861        Feb 1, A furious Governor Sam Houston stormed out of a legislative session upon learning that Texas had voted 167-7 to secede from the Union. Texas became the 7th state to secede.
    (AP, 2/1/97)(HN, 2/1/99)(MC, 2/1/02)

1862        Feb 1, “The Battle Hymn of the Republic" was first published in “Atlantic Monthly" as an anonymous poem. The lyric was the work of Julia Ward Howe and was based on chapter 63 of the Old Testament’s Book of Isaiah. “The Battle Hymn of the Republic" soon became the most popular Union marching song of the Civil War and is still being sung and to the tune of a song titled, “John Brown’s Body". Julia Ward Howe (b.1819-1908) was an influential social reformer and wife of fellow reformer and educator Samuel Gridley Howe. She was prominent in the anti-slavery movement, woman‘s suffrage, prison reform and the international peace movements. Julia Ward Howe was the first woman elected to the American Academy of Fine Arts and Letters in 1908. Ralph Waldo Emerson, said: "I honor the author of 'The Battle Hymn' ... she was born in the city of New York. I could well wish she were a native of Massachusetts. We have no such poetess in New England."
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)(HNQ, 1/31/00,5/21/02)

1863        Feb 1, A committee in Vilnius issued a manifesto and took up a leadership role for a national revolution.
    (LHC, 2/1/03)

1865        Feb 1, Lincoln's home state of Illinois became the first to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment abolishing slavery throughout the United States. President Abraham Lincoln had issued the Emancipation Proclamation two years earlier, but it had not effectively abolished slavery in all of the states--it did not apply to slave-holding border states that had remained with the Union during the Civil War. After the war, the sentiment about blacks was mixed even among anti-slavery Americans: some considered Lincoln's address too conservative and pushed for black suffrage, arguing that blacks would remain oppressed by their former owners if they did not have the power to vote. After the amendment was passed, the Freedmen's Bureau was created to help blacks with the problems they would encounter while trying to acquire jobs, education and land of their own.
    (HNPD, 2/1/99)

1873        Feb 1, Matthew Fontaine Maury (b.1806), American astronomer, died. He was also a historian, oceanographer, meteorologist, cartographer, author, geologist, and educator. Maury proposed that the US invite the maritime nations of the world to a conference to establish a “universal system" of meteorology, and he was the leading spirit of that pioneer scientific conference when it met in Brussels in 1853. Within a few years, nations owning three fourths of the shipping of the world were sending their oceanographic observations to Maury at the Naval Observatory, where the information was evaluated and the results given worldwide distribution.
    (Econ, 2/27/10, SR p.10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matthew_Fontaine_Maury)

1878        Feb 1, Hattie Caraway, first woman elected to the U.S. Senate, was born.
    (HN, 2/1/99)

1880        Feb 1, In San Francisco the buildings of the new St. Ignatius campus at Van Ness and Hayes were dedicated. Archbishop Alemany and bishop James A. Healy presided over the dedication of the new church oh Hayes St.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1893        Feb 1, The US Minister to Hawaii, at the request of Pres. Dole, placed the Provisional Government under formal US protection and raised the US flag over Hawaii.
    (ON, 11/02, p.6)
1893        Feb 1, Inventor Thomas A. Edison completed work on the world's first motion picture studio, his "Black Maria," in West Orange, N.J.
    (AP, 2/1/97)
1893        Feb 1, The opera “Manon Lescaut," by Giacomo Puccini, premiered in Turin, Italy.
    (AP, 2/1/01)

1895        Feb 1, John Ford was born. (Sean O’Feeney) (Academy Award-winning director: The Informer [1935], The Grapes of Wrath [1940], How Green Was My Valley [1941], The Quiet Man [1952])
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)

1896        Feb 1, The first production of Puccini’s opera "La Boheme" was performed in Turin.
    (SFC, 5/26/96, SFEM p.4)(AP, 2/1/97)

1898        Feb 1, The Travelers Insurance Company of Hartford, CT (the company with the red umbrella over their logo) issued the very first automobile insurance policy on this day. Dr. Truman Martin of Buffalo, NY, paid $11.25 for the policy, which gave him $5,000 in liability coverage.
    (AP, 2/1/97)(440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)

1900        Feb 1, In Chicago Ada and Minna Everleigh opened their Everleigh Club, a high-end brothel. They closed operations in 1911.
    (WSJ, 1/7/07, p.P8)

1901        Feb 1, Clark Gable, American actor, was born. He is famous for his roles in Mutiny on the Bounty and Gone With the Wind.
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)(HN, 2/1/99)

1902        Feb 1, Langston Hughes, African-American poet. was born. (author: Way Down South)
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)(HN, 2/1/99)
1902        Feb 1, U.S. Secretary of State John Hay protested Russian privileges in China as a violation of the "open door policy."
    (HN, 2/1/99)
1902        Feb 1, China's empress Tzu-hsi forbade binding woman's feet.
    (MC, 2/1/02)

1904        Feb 1, S.J. (Sidney) Perelman, author, humorist (Monkey Business, Horse Feathers, One Touch of Venus, Strictly from Hunger, Westward Ha!) was born in Brooklyn.
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)(MC, 2/1/02)
1904        Feb 1, Enrico Caruso recorded his first sides for Victor Records. He did ten songs in the session for $4,000.
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)

1905        Feb 1, Germany contested French rule in Morocco.
    (HN, 2/1/99)

1906        Feb 1, 1st federal penitentiary building completed in Leavenworth, Kansas.
    (MC, 2/1/02)

1908        Feb 1, Movie producer and animator George Pal was born in Austria-Hungary.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
1908        Feb 1, Carlos I (44), King of Portugal (1889-1908), assassinated by mob.
    (MC, 2/1/02)
   
1909        Feb 1, U.S. troops left Cuba after installing Jose Miguel Gomez as president.
    (HN, 2/1/99)

1915        Feb 1, San Francisco’s Police Commission appointed Mrs. Blanche Payson as the city’s first special police woman, following her request and letter of introduction from William Pinkerton.
    (SSFC, 2/1/15, DB p.42)

1917        Feb 1, Admiral Tirpitz (1849-1930) announced that Germany would attack all shipping in the North Atlantic with its feared U-Boats. [see Jan 31]
    (WSJ, 1/29/96, p. C-1)(WUD, 1994 p.1488)

1919        Feb 1, Andrea King (d.2003), Hollywood film star, was born in Paris, France, as Georgette Andre Barry.
    (SFC, 5/9/03, p.A22)
1919        Feb 1, “There she is..." The first Miss America was crowned on this day, not in Atlantic City, but in New York City. Edith Hyde was not, the judges found, a Miss. She was a Mrs. Mrs. Tod Robbins, the mother of two children.
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)

1920        Feb 1, 1st commercial armored car was introduced in St. Paul, Minn.
    (MC, 2/1/02)
1920        Feb 1, The Royal North West Mounted Police was formed as the Royal Northwest Mounted Police merged with Dominion Police and incorporated as the federal organization called the Dominion Police. The name Royal Canadian Mounted Police was adopted.
    (AP, 2/1/97)(AP, 5/23/97)(HNQ, 5/5/98)(MC, 2/1/02)

1922        Feb 1, William Desmond Taylor, president of the Motion Picture Director’s Guild, was discovered murdered in his Hollywood bungalow. Taylor was discovered to actually be William Deane-Tanner, an Irishman who had abandoned his family and reinvented himself in the film industry. In 2014 William J. Mann authored “Tinseltown: Murder, Morphine, and Madness at the Dawn of Hollywood."
    (AH, 2/05, p.47)(SSFC, 1/4/15, p.N2)
1922        Feb 1, Lieutenant Colonel I. Matuszewski, the head of the II department of the Polish Joint Staff, informed the military minister of Poland in the letter, that 22,000 prisoners of war were lost in the camp of Tuchola during its existence.
    (www.search.com/reference/Prisoner-of-war_camp)

1923        Feb 1, Fascists Voluntary Militia formed in Italy under Mussolini.
    (MC, 2/1/02)

1924        Feb 1, Soviet Union was formally recognized by Britain.
    (MC, 2/1/02)

1926        Feb 1, Land at Broadway & Wall Street sold at a record $7 per sq. inch.
    (MC, 2/1/02)

1928        Feb 1, Tom Lantos, a Jewish Holocaust survivor, was born in Budapest, Hungary. Lantos later earned a doctorate in economics at UC Berkeley and served as a US Congressman from California (1980-2008).
    (SFC, 1/3/08, p.A10)

1929        Feb 1, Weightlifter, Charles Rigoulet of France, achieved the first 400 pound ‘clean and jerk’ as he lifted 402-1/2 pounds.
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)

1930        Feb 1, A Loening Air Yacht of Air Ferries made its first passenger run between San Francisco and Oakland, California. Amphibious airplanes offered frequent six-minute flights between San Francisco and Oakland in 1930.
    (HN, 2/1/99)

1931        Feb 1, Boris Yeltsin (d.2007), prime minister of Russia (1991-1992) and the first president of the Republic of Russia (1991-1999), was born in the Ural Mts. of the USSR.
    (SFC, 1/23/96, p.A8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boris_Yeltsin)(Econ, 4/28/07, p.98)

1933        Feb 1, German Parliament was dissolved and Gen Ludendorf predicted catastrophe.
    (MC, 2/1/02)

1934        Feb 1, Bob Shane was born. (singer) (group: The Kingston Trio: Tom Dooley, M.T.A., Greenback Dollar, Where Have All the Flowers Gone)
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)

1937        Feb 1, Don Everly, was born. (singer: group: The Everly Brothers with brother, Phil: Wake Up Little Susie, Bye Bye Love, Cathy’s Clown, All I Have To Do Is Dream)
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)
1937        Feb 1, Garrett Morris, was born. (comedian: Saturday Night Live, actor: The Anderson Tapes, Almost Blue)
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)
1937        Feb 1, Ray Sawyer, was born. (singer: group: Dr. Hook and The Medicine Show: Only Sixteen, Cover of the Rolling Stone, Sylvia’s Mother)
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)

1939        Feb 1, Benny Goodman and his Orchestra recorded “And the Angels Sing", on Victor Records, on this day. The vocalist on that number, who went on to find considerable fame at Capitol Records, was Martha Tilton.
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)
1939        Feb 1, Contralto Marian Anderson was denied a performance at Constitution Hall by the Daughters of the American Revolution, who owned the place. She performed instead on Easter Sunday at the Lincoln Memorial at the invitation of the Dept. Of the Interior.
    (WSJ, 2/28/97, p.A14)(WSJ, 7/24/98, p.W11)
1939        Feb 1, Some 4,00 prisoners at California’s San Quentin Prison, went on a hunger strike in protest against the monotony of prison menus.
    (SSFC, 2/2/14, p.42)

1940        Feb 1, Frank Sinatra sang “Too Romantic" and “The Sky Fell Down" in his first recording session with the Tommy Dorsey Band on this day. The session was in Chicago, IL. Frankie replaced Jack Leonard as lead singer with the band.
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)

1941        Feb 1, “Downbeat Magazine" reported this day that Glenn Miller had inked a new three-year contract with RCA Victor Records. The pact guaranteed Miller $750 a side, the fattest record contract signed to that time.
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)

1942        Feb 1, Planes of the U.S. Pacific fleet attacked Japanese bases in the Marshall and Gilbert Islands.
    (HN, 2/1/99)

1943        Feb 1, One of America's most decorated military units of World War II, the 442d Regimental Combat Team, made up almost entirely of Japanese-Americans, was authorized.
    (AP, 2/1/97)
1943        Feb 1, American tanks and infantry were battered at German positions at Fais pass in North Africa.
    (HN, 2/1/99)

1944        Feb 1, U.S. Army troops invaded two Kwajalein Islands in the Pacific. [see Jan 31]
    (HN, 2/1/99)
1944        Feb 1, Piet Mondrian (b.1872), Dutch artist, died in NYC of pneumonia. To create an art of harmony and order he used straight lines exclusively. "His trademark paintings of black lines forming a grid and primary colors are a calculated, mathematical blueprint for an organized life." A leading abstract artist in the early half of the 20th century, Dutch painter Piet Mondrian was also a leading proponent of De Stijl ("The Style"). Born to an educator and amateur artist in 1872, Mondrian pursued a career as a painter from an early age. He was influenced by the Post-Impressionists, but gravitated towards Cubism after seeing an exhibition of works by Picasso and others.
    (Hem, Dec. 94, p.131)(WSJ, 5/25/01, p.W10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piet_Mondrian)

1946        Feb 1, A press conference for what is considered the first computer, the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator (ENIAC), was held at the University of Pennsylvania. The machine took up an entire room, weighed 30 tons and used more than 18,000 vacuum tubes to perform functions such as counting to 5,000 in one second. ENIAC, costing $450,000, was designed by the U.S. Army during World War II to make artillery calculations. The development of ENIAC paved the way for modern computer technology--but even today's average calculator possesses more computing power than ENIAC did. John Mauchley and John "Pres" Eckert supervised the project. In 1999 Scott McCartney published "ENIAC: The Triumphs and Tragedies of the World's First Computer."
    (HN, 2/2/99)(WSJ, 6/30/99, p.A24)(SFEC, 8/29/99, BR p.5)
1946        Feb 1, Norwegian statesman Trygve Lie was chosen to be the first secretary-general of the United Nations.
    (AP, 2/1/97)
1946        Feb 1, Yugoslavia and Hungary declared themselves republics.
    (G&M, 2/1/96, p.A-2)

1947        Feb 1, Algis Ratnikas, timeliner, was born in a refugee camp in Munich, Germany, to Jonas and Stase Ratnikas from Lithuania.
    (AR, 6/29/02)

1948        Feb 1, The Palestine Post building in Jerusalem was bombed.
    (MC, 2/1/02)

1949        Feb 1, Louis B. Mayer, the Mayer in Metro Goldwin Mayer (MGM), became a millionaire once more. He sold his breeding farm of race horses for one-million dollars.
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)
1949        Feb 1, RCA Victor countered Columbia Records’ 33-1/3 ‘long play’ phonograph disk on this day, with not only a smaller, 7-inch record (with a big hole in the center), but an entire phonograph playing system, as well. Soon, the newfangled product, which started a revolution (especially with the new rock and roll music) soon made the 78-rpm record a ‘blast from the past’. The 45-rpm disk did well for about 20 years.  Then it started to lose ground to cassette tapes, eight tracks and albums.
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)
1949        Feb 1, Joseph J. Kleiner was awarded a patent for the Becton Dickinson Vacutainer Tube, a stoppered glass tube that maintained a vacuum for drawing blood. Kleiner had joined BD as a consultant in 1943.
    (Echo, 6/2009, p.3)(www.bd.com/aboutbd/history/)
1949        Feb 1, The 200" (5.08-m) Hale telescope was 1st used.
    (MC, 2/1/02)

1951        Feb 1, The third A-bomb test was completed in the desert of Nevada.
    (HN, 2/1/99)
1951        Feb 1, The 1st X-ray moving picture process demonstrated.
    (MC, 2/1/02)
1951        Feb 1, Alfred Krupp & 28 other German war criminals were freed.
    (MC, 2/1/02)
1951        Feb 1, The UN condemned the People's Republic of China as aggressor in Korea.
    (MC, 2/1/02)

1953        Feb 1, CBS-TV debuted “Private Secretary", starring Ann Sothern, on this day. Ann played Susie McNamera, private secretary to NY talent agent, Peter Sands (played by Don Porter). The show ran during the regular TV seasons on CBS, and last show was September 10, 1957. It ran on NBC-TV in the summers of 1953 and 1954.
    (SFC, 2/21/97, p.A26)(440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)
1953        Feb 1, "You Are There" with Walter Cronkite premiered on CBS television.
    (MC, 2/1/02)
1953        Feb 1, A powerful storm breached sea dikes in the south of the Netherlands, killing more than 1,800 people and cementing a deep resolve among the Dutch that their ancient enemy, water, would never kill again.
    (SSFC, 3/25/01, p.C3)(AP, 9/1/05)

1954        Feb 1, A television classic was born this day on CBS-TV, as the serial, “The Secret Storm", was shown for the first day of what would become a 20-year run on the network.
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)

1955         Feb 1, Top hits included: Melody of Love, Billy Vaughn/The Four Aces/David Carroll; Hearts of Stone, The Fontane Sisters; Earth Angel, Penguins/Crew-Cuts; Open Up Your Heart (and Let the Sun Shine In), Cowboy Church Sunday School.
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)

1956        Jan 31, [Feb 1] A stick of dynamite exploded on the porch of the Martin Luther King family.
    (SFEM, 1/19/97, BR p.8)(SFEM, 2/2/97, p.12)
1956        Feb 1, Guy Mollet (12905-1975) became prime minister of France and continued to June 13, 1957.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guy_Mollet)

1957        Feb 1, Friedrich von Paulus (66), German field marshal (Stalingrad), died.
    (MC, 2/1/02)

1958        Feb 1, Syria and Egypt formed the United Arab Republic. Most Syrians resented the merger, which was led by the radical Baath (Arab Socialist Resurrection) party. The union of Syria and Egypt was dissolved in 1961 following a coup in Syria. Egypt kept the name United Arab Republic until 1971.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1555)(HNQ, 6/5/98)(AP, 2/1/08)

1959        Feb 1, Texas Instruments requested a patent for the IC (Integrated Circuit).
    (MC, 2/1/02)

1960        Feb 1, Four black North Carolina A&T students staged a sit-in in a dime store in Greensboro, NC, lunch counter, where they'd been refused service, to begin the first of the historic 1960s sit-ins.
    (AP, 2/1/97)(AH, 2/05, p.16)

1964        Feb 1, Top hits included: Anyone Who Had a Heart: Dionne Warwick; Um, Um, Um, Um, Um, Um: Major Lance; Stop and Think It Over: Dale and Grace.
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)
1964        Feb 1, Indiana Governor Mathew Walsh tried to ban "Louie Louie" for obscenity.
    (MC, 2/1/02)
1964        Feb 1, President Lyndon B. Johnson rejected Charles de Gaulle's plan for a neutral Vietnam.
    (HN, 2/1/99)

1965        Feb 1, In Selma, Alabama, Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. and 770 of his followers were arrested on their civil rights march. They protested against voter discrimination in Alabama.
    (SFEC, 3/16/97, p.T1)(HN, 2/1/99)

1966        Feb 1, US pilot Dieter Dengler (1939-2001) was shot down in his A-1 Skyraider over Laos. He managed to organize 6 American and Thai prisoners and escaped his captors in July. In 2007 a German documentary by Werner Herzog, “Little Dieter Needs To Fly," was expanded into a full film. In 2010 Bruce Henderson authored “Hero Found: The Greatest POW Escape of the Vietnam War."
    (SFC, 7/30/10, p.F2)

1967        Feb 1, The US Federal Hourly Minimum Wage was set at $1.40 an hour.
    (www.dol.gov/ESA/minwage/chart.htm)

1966        Feb 1, Nicholas Piantanida, set a balloon flight record & died during the descent.
    (MC, 2/1/02)

1968        Feb 1, Richard M. Nixon announced his bid for the Republican presidential nomination.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
1968        Feb 1, Lisa Marie Presley, daughter of Elvis and Priscilla Beaulieu Presley, was born. Lisa Marie married ‘The Gloved One’, Michael Jackson, in the ‘90s.
    (SFC, 8/11/97, p.A1)(440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)
1968        Feb 1, The Pennsylvania Railroad and NYC Central merged into Penn Central.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penn_Central)
1968        Feb 1, US troops drove the North Vietnamese out of Tan Son Nhut airport in Saigon. South Vietnam President Nguyen Van Thieu declared martial law. Saigon's police chief Nguyen Ngoc Loan executed a Viet Cong officer with a pistol shot to the head in a scene captured by Associated Press photographer Eddie Adams and NBC News.
    (HN, 2/1/99)(SFC, 7/16/98, p.B2)(AP, 2/1/08)

1970        Feb 1, In Buenos Aires, Argentina, an express train rammed stationary commuter train and 236 people were killed.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A15)(AP, 2/18/04)

1971        Feb 1, The soundtrack album from the movie, “Love Story", starring Ryan O’Neal and Ali McGraw, with music by Frances Lai, was certified as a gold record on this day.
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)
1971        Feb 1, Evonne Goolagong scored her first major senior singles victory as she defeated Margaret Court in the finals of the Victorian Open, played in Melbourne, Australia.
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)
1971        Feb 1, The three astronauts aboard the Apollo XIV overcame a difficult docking problem but faced a critical test to determine whether they could land on the moon.
    (G&M, 1/31/96, p.A-2)

1972        Feb 1, The FAA issued a rule requiring air carriers to use a screening system, acceptable to the FAA, that would require screening all passengers "by one or more of the following systems: behavioral profile, magnetometer, identification check, physical search."
    (www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=5116&page=6)
1972        Feb 1, 1st scientific hand-held calculator, the HP-35, was introduced at $395.
    (www.hp-collection.org/calculators.html)

1974        Feb 1, Lynda Ann Healy, 1st Bundy murder victim, was abducted in Seattle.
    (www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=6664381)

1976        Feb 1, "Rich Man, Poor Man" mini-series premiered on ABC TV.
    (http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0074048/)
1976        Feb 1, In San Francisco over 1,000 people took part in the Continental Walk for Peace and Social Justice led by comedian Dick Gregory and Rev. Ralph D. Abernathy.
    (SFC, 1/26/01, WBb p.4)
1976        Feb 1, Werner C. Heisenberg (b.1901), physicist and Nobel Prize winner (1932), died in Germany. In 1993 Thomas Powers authored "Heisenberg’s War," in which he argued that Heisenberg destroyed the German atomic project from within. Niels Bohr later countered the argument with personal documentation.
    (SFC, 2/7/02, p.A2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Werner_Heisenberg)

1978        Feb 1, Harriet Tubman became the 1st black woman honored on a US postage stamp.
    (http://chi.gospelcom.net/DAILYF/2002/02/daily-02-01-2002.shtml)

1979        Feb 1, US Pres. Jimmy Carter legalized home brewing.
    (Hem., 8/96, p.113)(www.foamrangers.com/glossary_H.html)
1979        Feb 1, Newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst, whose prison sentence for bank robbery had been commuted by President Jimmy Carter, left a federal prison at Pleasanton near SF. She later published "Every Secret Thing."
    (AP, 2/1/99)(SFC, 2/4/99, p.A8)(SFEC, 5/16/99, p.A1)
1979        Feb 1, The People's Republic of China opened its 1st two American Consulates in San Francisco and Houston.
    (SFC, 1/30/04, p.E6)
1979        Feb 1, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini received a tumultuous welcome in Tehran as he ended nearly 15 years of exile.
    (AP, 2/1/97)

1982        Feb 1, Top hits included:  Can’t Go for That (No Can Do) Daryl Hall and John Oates; Waiting for a Girl Like You Foreigner; Hooked on Classics The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra; The Sweetest Thing I’ve Ever Known Juice Newton.
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)
1982        Feb 1, The "Late Night with David Letterman" premiered on NBC TV.
    (AP, 2/1/02)

1984        Feb 1, Iraq launched a new series of air attacks on Iran’s shipping.
    (www.iranchamber.com/history/iran_iraq_war/iran_iraq_war2.php)

1985        Feb 1, Greenland left the European Community but remains associated with it as an overseas territory.
    (http://europa.eu.int/abc/history/1985/index_en.htm)

1986        Feb 1, In Haiti 2 days of anti-government riots in Port-au-Prince resulted in 14 dead.
    (HN, 2/1/99)

1987        Feb 1, Terry Williams of Los Gatos, CA, won the largest slot machine payoff to that time. He put $4.9 million in his pockets after getting four lucky "7s" on a machine in Reno, NV.
    (www.igt.com/Content/base.asp?pid=8.17.37.19)
1987        Feb 1, Sala Burton (b.1925), US Representative from California (1983-1987), died of colon cancer in Washington, DC. She served as president of the San Francisco Democratic Women's Forum from 1957 to 1959. Burton was succeeded by Nancy Pelosi.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sala_Burton)

1988        Feb 1, Denying any wrongdoing, US Attorney General Edwin Meese III said he didn't recall part of a memo about a proposed Iraqi pipeline project that referred to a plan to bribe Israeli officials.
    (AP, 2/1/97)

1989        Feb 1, In his first diplomatic mission of the Bush administration, Vice President Dan Quayle began a trip to Venezuela and El Salvador.
    (AP, 2/1/99)

1990        Feb 1, Jane Novak (b.1896), film actress (Ghost Town), died of stroke in Woodland Hills, Ca. Her career began with silent films.
    (www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=8755790)
1990        Feb 1, East Germany's Communist premier, Hans Modrow, appealed for negotiations with West Germany to forge a "united fatherland."
    (AP, 2/1/00)

1991        Feb 1, The 1st US bunker buster (GBU-28) was built using surplus 8-inch artillery tubes as part of the weapon. The project received the official go-ahead a fortnight later as part of Operation Desert Storm. The bomb was designed by engineer Albert Weimorts (1938-2005).
    (SSFC, 12/25/05, p.B5)(http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/2895081.stm)
1991        Feb 1, A US-Air jetliner crashed atop a commuter turboprop plane while landing at Los Angeles International Airport. 34 people were killed.
    (SFC, 8/9/97, p.A1)(AP, 2/1/97)
1991        Feb 1, Afghanistan and Pakistan were hit by an earthquake and 1,200 died.
    (http://tinyurl.com/dsnjk)
1991        Feb 1, South African President F.W. de Klerk said he would repeal all remaining apartheid laws.
    (AP, 2/1/01)

1992        Feb 1, President George H.W. Bush and Russian President Boris N. Yeltsin met at Camp David.
    (AP, 2/1/02)
1992        Feb 1, Florida Patrol Trooper Jimmy Fulford was killed when a pipe bomb exploded in a gift wrapped microwave oven. In 2014 drug trafficker Paul Augustus Howell (40) was executed for killing Fulford.
    (SFC, 2/27/14, p.A8)
1992        Feb 1, Ron Carey was sworn in as the first Teamsters president elected by the union's rank-and-file.
    (AP, 2/1/02)
1992        Feb 1, US Federal Judge Irving R. Kaufman (81), who sentenced Julius and Ethel Rosenberg to death, died in New York.
    (AP, 2/1/02)

1993        Feb 1, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin announced that his country would repatriate about 100 Palestinians deported to Lebanon, an offer rejected by the deportees.
    (AP, 2/1/97)

1994        Feb 1, Jeff Gillooly, Tonya Harding's ex-husband, pleaded guilty in Portland, Ore., to taking part in the attack on figure skater Nancy Kerrigan. Gillooly struck a plea bargain under which he confessed to racketeering charges in exchange for testimony implicating Harding.
    (AP, 2/1/99)

1995        Feb 1, The US Federal Reserve boosted interest rates by 0.5%, the seventh rate hike in a year.
    (AP, 2/1/00)
1995        Feb 1, House Republicans pushed through a bill restricting the US federal government's ability to impose unfunded mandates on states.
    (AP, 2/1/00)

1996        Feb 1, Both houses of Congress voted overwhelmingly to rewrite the 61-year-old Communications Act, freeing the exploding television, telephone and home computer industries to jump into each other’s fields.
    (AP, 2/1/01)
1996        Feb 1, Astronomers at the Keck Observatory in Hawaii detected a faint galaxy 14 billion light-years away in the constellation Virgo with a red shift of 4.38.
    (G&M, 2/1/96, p.A-2)
1996        Feb 1, The Cypress Grove Baptist Church, St. Paul’s Free Baptist Church, and Thomas Chapel Benevolent Society Church in East Baton Rouge Parish, La., burned down. The Sweet Home Baptist Church in Baker, La., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)

1997        Feb 1, Pulitzer Prize-winning columnist Herb Caen died in San Francisco at age 80.
    (SFEC, 2/2/97, p.A12)(AP, 2/1/97)
1997        Feb 1, In Hong Kong a Beijing-appointed committee voted to repeal several key civil liberties laws.
    (SFEC, 6/22/97, p.A14)
1997        Feb 1, In Iran 5 people were killed and 44 injured when worshipers stampeded at the entrance to a mosque in Kermanshah.
    (SFC, 2/3/97, p.C3)
1997        Feb 1, Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori promised to open "preliminary dialogue" with rebels holding 72 hostages in Lima, but again rejected their demand to release jailed comrades.
    (AP, 2/1/97)
1997        Feb 1, An Air Senegal plane crashed and at least 23 people died after liftoff from a wildlife refuge at Tambacounda.
    (SFC, 2/3/97, p.C3)
1997        Feb 1, In Turkey A movement began demanding an investigation in the car accident, the Susurluk scandal, that linked government officials and gangster groups. People in cities began making noise outside their windows at 9 PM every night.
    (WSJ, 3/14/97, p.A1)

1998        Feb 1, In a round of Sunday talk show appearances, Monica Lewinsky's attorney, William Ginsburg, predicted that the controversy over whether the former White House intern had had an affair with President Clinton would "go away" and that the president would survive unscathed.
    (AP, 2/1/03)
1998        Feb 1, In Costa Rica Miguel Angel Rodriguez of the Social Christian Unity Party won the presidential elections by a narrow margin over Jose Miguel Corrales of the National Liberation party. Also elected were 2 vice-presidents, 57 members of the Legislative Assembly and 571 mayors.
    (SFC, 2/2/98, p.A8)
1998        Feb 1, With Israeli and Palestinian leaders digging in their heels, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright conceded she'd made little progress in a whirlwind visit to the region to prod the two sides closer together.
    (AP, 2/1/99)
1998        Feb 1, Lithuania became an official associate in the European Union.
    (LHC, 2/1/03)

1999        Feb 1, Pres. Clinton presented a $1.77 trillion budget that he said will help rescue Social Security and Medicare. He proposed to use federal surpluses for the next 15 years to pay down the national debt.
    (SFC, 2/2/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/2/99, p.A1)
1999        Feb 1, Former White House intern Monica Lewinsky gave a deposition that was videotaped for senators weighing impeachment charges against President Clinton.
    (AP, 2/1/00)
1999        Feb 1, The Morse code SOS was officially retired and replaced by the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System.
    (SFC, 2/1/99, p.A7)
1999        Feb 1, In Dearborn, Mich., an explosion at a Ford River Rouge power station killed one worker and injured 12 others. The Rouge power plant explosion killed 6 workers and shut it down for 3 months.
    (SFC, 2/2/99, p.A3)(WSJ, 6/9/04, p.A8)
1999        Feb 1, Paul Mellon, philanthropist, died at age 91. He left the National Gallery of Art $75 million and over 100 works of art.
    (SFC, 6/25/99, p.A3)
1999        Feb 1, In Guinea-Bissau thousands fled the capital as fighting intensified between rebels and loyalists. At least 15 people were reported killed. Most of the 6,000 member army joined the rebellion to depose Pres. Joao Bernardo Vieira.
    (SFC, 2/2/99, p.A9)
1999        Feb 1, In Nairobi, Kenya students protested for a 3rd day against plans for construction in a virgin forest.
    (SFC, 2/2/99, p.A10)
1999        Feb 1, In India officials agreed to sign a nuclear test ban if economic sanctions are lifted.
    (SFC, 2/1/99, p.A7)
1999        Feb 1, In Mexico Hector Alejandro Galindo, film director, died at age 93. He directed or scripted over 70 films and won at least 8 Ariels, the Mexican equivalent of the Oscar.
    (SFC, 2/11/99, p.A25)
1999        Feb 1, In Moldova Ion Ciubuc announced his resignation as prime minister. He blamed parliament and the ruling coalition for not supporting his efforts to implement market reforms.
    (SFC, 2/2/99, p.A10)
1999        Feb 1, In Gaza a Palestinian security agent was killed in a shootout with 3 members of Hamas, who then sped away and ran over an 8-year-old girl. The girl died. Raed Attar, Osama Abu Taha, and Mohammed Abu Shamala were later arrested in Shati refugee camp.
    (SFC, 2/2/99, p.A10)
1999        Feb 1, In Russia Prime Minister Primakov promised to double subsidies to the coal industry to $520 million to placate angry miners.
    (SFC, 2/2/99, p.A9)
1999        Feb 1, In Switzerland the IOC adopted its first ethics commission and code of conduct.
    (SFC, 2/2/99, p.A10)

2000        Feb 1, US House members voted to strengthen military ties with Taiwan with a 341-70 vote in favor of the Taiwan Security Enhancement Act.
    (SFC, 2/2/00, p.A14)
2000        Feb 1, Republican John McCain won the New Hampshire primary over George W. Bush, Steve Forbes and Alan Keyes 49.5 to 31 to 12.9 to 6.5%. Democrat Al Gore won over Bill Bradley 52.1 to 47.8%.
    (SFC, 2/2/00, p.A1,19)(AP, 2/1/01)(SSFC, 1/25/04, p.A19)
2000        Feb 1, In Britain the Millennium Wheel, the world's largest Ferris wheel, began operating after a month long delay.
    (SFC, 2/2/00, p.B8)
2000        Feb 1, In Chechnya rebel fighters suffered heavy losses to Russian troops and some 2000 broke out of Grozny to rejoin fellow rebels in the south. Some 600 rebels were killed or wounded when they crossed a Russian mine field following a $100,000 proposed bribe. Commanders Shamil Basayev, Aslanbek Ismailov and Khunkar-Pasha Israpilov were among the dead.
    (SFC, 2/2/00, p.A14)(SFC, 2/5/00, p.A10)
2000        Feb 1, In France the new 35-hour work week took legal effect. Workers that included truckers struck across the country for a number of demands that included higher pay. The truckers were exempted from the reduced work week.
    (SFC, 2/2/00, p.B2)
2000        Feb 1, In Mexico 171 radical students were arrested in a skirmish with anti-strike students and security forces at a university-affiliated high school in Mexico City.
    (SFC, 2/4/00, p.D5)
2000        Feb 1, In Chiapas, Mexico, 3 supporters of the Zapatista rebels were killed in an ambush at Chavajebal. Paramilitary supporters of the government were suspected.
    (SFC, 2/4/00, p.D8)
2000        Feb 1, Northern Ireland was on the brink of political crises after a disarmament report confirmed rebel groups had not surrendered any weapons.
    (WSJ, 2/2/00, p.A1)
2000        Feb 1, In Peru Shining Path rebels killed 3 park rangers in a reserve for vicuna.
    (SFC, 2/3/00, p.A13)
2000        Feb 1, In Turkey 3 more bodies were found in Diyarbakir and one in Barman attributed to the militant Hezbollah. The total reached 51.
    (SFC, 2/2/00, p.B8)

2001        Feb 1, John Ashcroft won confirmation as attorney general on a 58-42 Senate vote, completing President George W. Bush's Cabinet over strong Democratic opposition.
    (AP, 2/1/02)
2001        Feb 1, California state lawmakers enacted legislation to spend up to $10 billion for power. Gov. Davis ordered large retail outlets to dim lights with penalties beginning Mar 15.
    (SFC, 2/2/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 1, In Michigan Tony and Linda Calliea claimed their Big Game lottery win for $107 million. They selected a $57.7 lump sum option.
    (SFC, 2/2/01, p.A2)
2001        Feb 1, In Ecuador Ronald Clay Sander (54), an oil technician from Missouri, was found shot to death. He had been kidnapped in October and 7 more hostages were still held.
    (SFC, 2/2/01, p.D2)
2001        Feb 1, The India earthquake death toll estimates rose to between 35-50 thousand with injuries to over 60,000. the damages in Gujarat state were estimated at $4.5 billion.
    (WSJ, 2/2/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 2/4/01, p.A14)
2001        Feb 1, In Indonesia the parliament agreed to censure Pres. Abdurrahman Wahid for alleged involvement in 2 corruption scandals.
    (SFC, 2/2/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 1, In East Timor the former guerrilla force was transformed into the core of a new national army.
    (SFC, 2/2/01, p.D4)
2001        Feb 1, Pres. Milo Djukanovic of Montenegro visited Washington DC to explain his reasons for independence, but Sec. Of State Colin Powell refused to see him.
    (SFC, 2/2/01, p.D4)
2001        Feb 1, In Taiwan the legislature voted to reverse Pres. Shui-bian’s decision to scrap a partly built nuclear power plant.
    (SFC, 2/2/01, p.D4)

2002        Feb 1, President George W. Bush responded to the collapse of Enron by proposing regulation reforms of 401(k) retirement plans. Justice Department investigators directed Bush's staff to preserve the paper trail of any contact with Enron. The US Justice Dept. asked the president’s staff for all Enron-related documents back to Jan 1, 1999.
    (AP, 2/1/03)(SFC, 2/2/02, p.A1)
2002        Feb 1, Pres. Bush named Jim Tower (45), former Florida Sec. of Health, to lead his initiative to give federal money to religious charities.
    (SFC, 2/2/02, p.A5)
2002        Feb 1, Actress Winona Ryder was charged with four felony counts stemming from her shoplifting arrest at a Saks Fifth Avenue store in Beverly Hills, Cal., the previous December. Ryder was later convicted of felony grand theft and vandalism, and received three years' probation.
    (AP, 2/1/03)
2002        Feb 1, The NCAA placed Alabama on five years' probation, jolting the football program with a two-year bowl ban and heavy scholarship reductions.
    (AP, 2/1/03)
2002        Feb 1, Amtrak announced a new austerity plan and hope Congress would provide $1.2 billion in financing next year. Amtrak lost $1.1 billion last year.
    (SFC, 2/2/02, p.A3)
2002        Feb 1, The Idaho Legislature voted 50-20 to override Gov. Dirk Kempthorne’s veto and repeal term limits, becoming the first state to do so.
    (SFC, 2/2/02, p.A5)(Econ, 4/23/11, SR p.11)
2002        Feb 1, Comet Ikeya-Zhang was discovered by 2 amateur astronomers in Japan and China. Its closest approach to Earth was projected for Apr 30. It last flew into the solar system nearly 350 years earlier.
    (SFC, 3/23/02, p.A3)
2002        Feb 1, Danielle van Dam (7) went missing from Sabre Springs, her San Diego suburban home. David Westerfield (49), a neighbor, was arrested Feb 22 after her blood was found on his clothing and in his motor home. Her body was found Feb 27 some 25 miles northeast of San Diego at Dehesa. Westerfield was convicted of her kidnapping and murder on Aug 21 and was sentenced to death Jan 3, 2003.
    (NW, 2/18/02, p.34)(SFC, 2/23/02, p.A3)(SFC, 2/28/02, p.A3)(SFC, 8/22/02, p.A3)(SFC, 1/4/03, p.A3)
2002        Feb 1, In Argentina the Supreme Court ruled 5-0 that the banking freeze was unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 2/2/02, p.A7)
2002        Feb 1, It was reported that Riduan Isamuddin (36), an Indonesian cleric known as Hambali, was a Southeast Asian pointman for an al Qaeda network.
    (WSJ, 2/1/02, p.A13)
2002        Feb 1, In Israel over 100 reserve combat officers denounced the army for immoral behavior toward Palestinian civilians and placed ads in newspapers including Haaretz: “We will no longer fight beyond the Green Line with the aim of dominating, expelling, starving and humiliating an entire people."
    (SFC, 2/2/02, p.A7)
2002        Feb 1, In Kuwait a huge oil field fire killed 4 workers and shut down production of some 600,000 daily barrels.
    (SFC, 2/2/02, p.A7)

2003        Feb 1, Space shuttle Columbia broke apart in flames over Texas, killing all 7 astronauts just 16 minutes before they were supposed to glide to ground in Florida. The astronauts included Michael P. Anderson (b.1959), David M. Brown (b.1956), Laurel Clark (b.1962), Kalpana Chawla (b.1962), Rick Husband (b.1957), William C. McCool (b.1961) and Ilan Ramon (b.1954). An explosion in the wheel well under the left wing was later suspected as the cause.
    (AP, 2/1/03)(SSFC, 2/2/03, p.A8)(WSJ, 2/14/03, p.A1)
2003        Feb 1, Former Agriculture Secretary Richard Lyng died in Modesto, Calif., at age 84.
    (AP, 2/1/04)
2003        Feb 1, In  western Canada 7 people were killed in the 2nd fatal avalanche to strike in less than two weeks.
    (Reuters, 2/1/03)
2003        Feb 1, The Lunar Chinese New Year 4701, the Year of the Ram, began.
    (SFC, 1/31/03, p.A23)
2003        Feb 1, In Colombia leftist guerrillas freed an American photographer and a British reporter.
    (AP, 2/1/03)
2003        Feb 1, Mongo Santamaria (81/85), Cuban-born Latin jazzman, died in Miami.
    (WSJ, 2/3/03, p.A1)(SFC, 2/5/03, p.A22)(SSFC, 12/28/03, p.E4)
2003        Feb 1, Across France at least 150,000 people, some braving snow, poured into the streets to protest government plans to reform the country's generous, but overburdened, pension system.
    (AP, 2/1/03)
2003        Feb 1, In northern Ireland a protestant paramilitary commander and his friend were gunned down because of an apparent feud within his outlawed group.
    (AP, 2/2/03)
2003        Feb 1, In Ivory Coast nearly 100,000 loyalists marched through Abidjan, burning French flags and calling for the death of the French president in the biggest protest yet against a French-brokered peace deal.
    (AP, 2/2/03)
2003        Feb 1, In Liberia fighting between government and rebel forces raged within 60 miles of Monrovia.
    (AP, 2/1/03)
2003        Feb 1, In northwestern Zimbabwe a crowded passenger train and a freight train with flammable liquid collided, killed at least 50 people and injured about 40.
    (AP, 2/3/03)(AP, 2/1/08)

2004        Feb 1, In Texas a breast belonging to entertainer Janet Jackson escaped after singer Justin Timberlake ripped off one of her chest plates during the halftime Super Bowl performance in Houston. New England Patriots fans turned rowdy after their team's 32-29 win over the Carolina Panthers. CBS' parent company, Viacom, appealed a $550,000 fine.
    (AP, 2/1/04)(SFC, 2/2/04, p.A2)(Econ, 2/7/04, p.55)
2004        Feb 1, In Sarasota, Florida, Carlie Brucia (11) was abducted. Brucia, whose abduction was captured by a surveillance camera, was found Feb 6 in a church parking lot, and Joseph P. Smith, a mechanic, was charged with her murder. Smith (39) was convicted of kidnapping, rape and murder on Nov 17, 2005. In 2006 Smith was sentenced to death.
    (AP, 2/6/04)(SFC, 2/7/04, p.A3)(SFC, 11/18/05, p.A3)(SFC, 3/16/06, p.A7)
2004        Feb 1, The first passenger train to cross Australia from south to north set off on its three-day journey, marking a new era of rail travel through the vast Outback. Regular train service from Adelaide to Darwin would take 43 hours. Plans for the Transcontinental line had begun in 1911.
    (SSFC, 10/26/03, p.A1)(AP, 2/1/04)
2004        Feb 1, China reported 5 more cases of the avian influenza virus.
    (SFC, 2/2/04, p.A4)
2004        Feb 1, Tens of thousands of government opponents marched peacefully to demand President Jean-Bertrand Aristide's resignation. A day earlier Aristide vowed to disarm politically affiliated gangs, reform the police force and implement other measures to end the country's recent unrest.
    (AP, 2/1/04)
2004        Feb 1, More than a third of the Iranian parliament resigned and the speaker delivered a stinging rebuke to the hard-line Guardian Council for its disqualification of hundreds of liberal candidates in upcoming elections.
    (AP, 2/1/04)
2004        Feb 1, In Irbil, Iraq, 2 suicide bombers struck the offices of two U.S.-backed Kurdish parties in near-simultaneous attacks as hundreds of Iraqis gathered to celebrate a Muslim holiday. At least 101 people were killed and more than 235 were wounded. Also about 20 Iraqis were killed when they accidentally set off an explosion while looting a former Iraqi munitions dump in the Polish-controlled south-central region of the country.
    (AP, 2/2/04)(WSJ, 2/4/04, p.A1)
2004        Feb 1, Israeli troops riding jeeps and a tank raided the biblical town of Jericho for the first time in months, killing one Palestinian militant and forcing many residents to stay inside at the start of the four-day Muslim holiday of Eid al-Adha.
    (AP, 2/1/04)
2004        Feb 1, In Tepeyac, Mexico, a fight broke out between two families at an illegal cockfighting den, and seven people were killed.
    (AP, 2/3/04)
2004        Feb 1, In Saudi Arabia 251 Muslim worshipers died in a hajj stampede during the annual stoning of Satan ritual.
    (AP, 2/2/04)(WSJ, 2/3/04, p.A1)

2005        Feb 1, Russell Christoff, kindergarten teacher in Antioch, Ca., found out that he was awarded $15.6 million for a Taster’s Choice modeling photo taken in 1986.
    (SFC, 2/1/05, p.A2)
2005        Feb 1, HP researchers introduced groundbreaking nanotechnology that could replace traditional transistors on computer chips.
    (SFC, 2/1/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 1, Sun Microsystems began selling information technology on a pay-per-use basis offering customers access to computing power for $1 per hour.
    (SFC, 2/1/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 1, Character actor John Vernon (72), who'd played nasty Dean Wormer in "National Lampoon's Animal House," died in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 2/1/06)
2005        Feb 1, The Canadian government introduced its contentious same-sex marriage bill in Parliament, seeking to legalize gay marriage nationwide over the objections of the Roman Catholic Church and other conservative clergy.
    (AP, 2/2/05)
2005        Feb 1, China lent Russia $6 billion to help finance the nationalization of OAO Yukos. The loan was in effect a forward payment for some 48 million metric tons of crude oil.
    (WSJ, 2/2/05, p.A2)
2005        Feb 1, In southwest Colombia leftist rebels attacked a Colombian Marine post with homemade rockets, killing at least 14 soldiers and wounding about 25.
    (AP, 2/1/05)
2005        Feb 1, Egyptian security forces clashed with Islamic militants in the mountains of Sinai, killing a suspect in last year's deadly bombings of beach resorts on the peninsula.
    (AP, 2/1/05)
2005        Feb 1, In Gori, Georgia, a car bomb exploded outside a police station, killing three policemen and injuring 13 other people.
    (AP, 2/1/05)
2005        Feb 1, Indonesia announced that it found the bodies of 1,000 additional victims from the Dec 26 tsunami disaster.
    (AP, 2/1/05)
2005        Feb 1, A group led by Jordanian militant Abu Musab al-Zarqawi claimed to have captured the four Iraqi National Guard soldiers after Sunday's elections.
    (AP, 2/1/05)
2005        Feb 1, Malawi Health Minister Heatherwick Ntaba said AIDS kills about 10 people every hour in Malawi and the government is increasingly unable to cope with the crisis.
    (Reuters, 2/2/05)
2005        Feb 1, King Gyanendra dismissed Nepal's government and imposed a state of emergency, cutting off his Himalayan nation from the rest of the world as telephone and Internet lines were severed, flights diverted and civil liberties severely curtailed.
    (AP, 2/1/05)
2005        Feb 1, Russia’s finance minister said windfall oil export revenues will be used to repay nearly $3.3 billion in International Monetary Fund loans early, saving the country some $200 million in interest payments.
    (AP, 2/1/05)
2005        Feb 1, Pope John Paul II was hospitalized for breathing problems and the flu.
    (AP, 2/1/06)
2005        Feb 1, Venezuela’s Pres. Chavez said he intends to sell his country’s interests in 8 US oil refineries.
    (WSJ, 2/2/05, p.A2)

2006        Feb 1, The US Congress passed the Deficit Reduction Act which included lopping off $12.7 billion form the student loan program.
    (Econ, 2/18/06, p.71)
2006        Feb 1, In his first case on the Supreme Court, new Justice Samuel Alito split with the court's conservatives, refusing to let Missouri execute a death-row inmate contesting lethal injection.
    (AP, 2/1/07)
2006        Feb 1, New SEC rules went into effect for many hedge funds. US funds with over 15 American investors were required to register.
    (Econ, 4/1/06, p.61)
2006        Feb 1, The Roman Catholic Diocese of Spokane, Wa., offered a $45.7 million settlement to 75 people who said they were molested by priests.
    (SFC, 2/2/06, p.A7)
2006        Feb 1, United Airlines left bankruptcy after a painful restructuring that lasted more than three years.
    (AP, 2/1/07)
2006        Feb 1, In West Virginia the deaths of 2 mine workers prompted Gov. Joe Manchin to call for all coal companies in the state to halt production and perform safety checks.
    (SFC, 2/2/06, p.A5)
2006        Feb 1, Burger King's parent company said it plans to sell shares to the public for the first time in the fast-food chain's 52-year history, part of its attempt to recoup ground lost in fierce competition with rivals McDonald's Corp. and Wendy's International Inc.
    (AP, 2/1/06)
2006        Feb 1, The journal Nature reported that object UB313 is larger than Pluto according to German heat calculations.
    (WSJ, 2/2/06, p.A1)
2006        Feb 1, A provincial governor said avalanches in northeast Afghanistan have killed at least 18 people and destroyed dozens of homes in the past week.
    (AP, 2/1/06)
2006        Feb 1, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber disguised as a woman blew himself up at an army checkpoint, killing five Afghans and wounding four.
    (AP, 2/2/06)
2006        Feb 1, A joint British and Irish report said the Irish Republican Army has halted violence but is still gathering intelligence on enemies and remains deeply involved in organized crime.
    (AP, 2/1/06)
2006        Feb 1, In southern England thieves driving Jeeps forced entry to the Ramsbury Manor, a property tycoon Harry Hyams, stealing around 300 museum-grade artifacts. The value of the stolen art was later put at $142 million.
    (AP, 4/24/06)(http://thescotsman.scotsman.com/index.cfm?id=171132006)
2006        Feb 1, In northern China a blast at the Sihe Coal Mine, the subsidiary of a state-owned coal mine, killed 23 workers and injured 53 others in Shanxi Province.
    (AP, 2/1/06)
2006        Feb 1, Colombia's attorney general charged seven soldiers in the shooting deaths of five members of a peasant family, including a 6-month-old baby.
    (AP, 2/1/06)
2006        Feb 1, Two top Egyptian officials called on Hamas to recognize Israel, disarm and honor past peace deals, the latest sign Arab governments are pushing the militant group to moderate after its surprise election victory.
    (AP, 2/1/06)
2006        Feb 1, French and German newspapers republished caricatures of the prophet Muhammad in what they called a defense of freedom of expression.
    (SFC, 2/2/06, p.A10)
2006        Feb 1, In eastern Indonesia naval vessels picked up 114 survivors from a passenger ferry that went down in rough seas, but there was no sign of dozens of others still missing.
    (AP, 2/1/06)
2006        Feb 1, Saddam Hussein and four other defendants refused to attend their trial, and their defense attorneys boycotted the proceedings, demanding the removal of the chief judge they claim is biased against the former Iraqi leader.
    (AP, 2/1/06)
2006        Feb 1, A bomb exploded alongside a group of Iraqi men waiting for work in eastern Baghdad, killing at least eight and wounding more than 50. A key Sunni Arab leader threatened to call for a nationwide "uprising" unless the Shiite interior minister is replaced.
    (AP, 2/1/06)
2006        Feb 1, A roadside bomb blast killed three US soldiers south of Baghdad, while a fourth soldier died the same day from wounds sustained in a small-arms fire attack in the capital's southwest. A US Marine was fatally wounded during combat near the western city of Fallujah.
    (AP, 2/2/06)
2006        Feb 1, Israeli forces completed the evacuation of the Amona West Bank settlement outpost, ending a violent operation in which dozens of people were injured in clashes between police and Jewish settlers.
    (AP, 2/1/06)
2006        Feb 1, Israel said it froze this month's transfer of $45 million in tax rebates and customs payments to the Palestinian Authority while it reviews its options following the Hamas victory in last week's parliamentary election. A senior Palestinian official said Saudi Arabia and Qatar pledged Wednesday to transfer millions to ease the crisis.
    (AP, 2/1/06)
2006        Feb 1, In Kenya Four suspended senior officials of the City Council of Nairobi were charged with negligence in the Jan 23 collapse of a building in Nairobi that killed at least 17 people and injured more than 100.
    (AP, 2/1/06)
2006        Feb 1, Liberia’s Pres. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf fired top officials appointed by a transitional administration to help run the Finance Ministry, a perceived center of corruption.
    (AP, 2/2/06)
2006        Feb 1, Nepal's king pledged to hold national elections within 15 months, the one-year anniversary of his power grab, and claimed success in fighting communist rebels, despite an overnight attack that killed at least 20 security forces.
    (AP, 2/1/06)
2006        Feb 1, In Amsterdam an experimental ban on smoking marijuana went into effect intended to reduce loitering and petty crime. “No toking" signs appeared as part of the ban on the street in "De Baarsjes," one of the city's poorer neighborhoods. Amsterdam soon began selling the "no toking" signs to prevent the official ones from being stolen as collector's items.
    (AP, 2/4/06)

2007        Feb 1, The departing top US commander in Iraq, Gen. George Casey, told the Senate Armed Services Committee that improving security in Baghdad would take fewer than half as many extra troops as President Bush had chosen to commit.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2007        Feb 1, The National Academy of Engineering announced that the 2007 Grainger Challenge Prize for Sustainability would go to Abul Hussam, a chemistry professor at George Mason University in Fairfax, Va. He had developed an inexpensive, easy-to-make system for filtering arsenic from well water, and planned to use most of the $1 million engineering prize to distribute the filters to needy communities around the world.
    (AP, 2/3/07)
2007        Feb 1, Montana sued Wyoming in the Supreme Court saying its neighbor takes more Tongue- and Powder- River water that it is entitled to.
    (WSJ, 2/2/07, p.A1)
2007        Feb 1, In SF Mayor Gavin Newsom admitted to having an affair with Ruby Rippey-Tourk, his campaign manager’s wife.
    (SFC, 2/2/07, p.A1)
2007        Feb 1, Coca-Cola announced that it had signed an agreement to acquire Fuze Beverage LLC in a deal estimated at $225-250 million. Fuze was launched in 2001.
    (WSJ, 2/2/07, p.B3)
2007        Feb 1, Oil giant Exxon Mobil topped its own record for the biggest annual profit by a US company last year, racking up earnings that amounted to $4.5 million an hour for the world's largest publicly traded oil company.
    (AP, 2/1/07)
2007        Feb 1, Whitney Balliett (80), jazz chronicler writer for the New Yorker magazine, died.
    (WSJ, 2/6/07, p.D5)
2007        Feb 1, John Bryan, underground press writer and editor, died in SF. He had started the Open City Press, San Francisco’s 1st alternative paper, in 1964.
    (SSFC, 2/11/07, p.B7)
2007        Feb 1, The United States presented hundreds of armored vehicles and trucks and thousands of weapons to the Afghan army as Afghanistan braces for renewed fighting with Taliban-led insurgents. In southern Afghanistan Taliban militants overran Musa Qala, where a contentious peace agreement was negotiated last fall, roaming through the town center, burning its government compound and threatening elders. In eastern Paktika province coalition aircraft dropped two bombs, killing as many as seven militants.
    (AP, 2/1/07)(AP, 2/2/07)
2007        Feb 1, Defense Secretary Des Browne said Britain will increase its military presence in southern Afghanistan by about 800 troops to 5,800 this summer.
    (AP, 2/1/07)
2007        Feb 1, Chadian rebels fighting to overthrow President Idriss Deby attacked the eastern border town of Adre on the main road route into Sudan's Darfur region.
    (AP, 2/1/07)
2007        Feb 1, China’s Pres. Hu Jintao arrived in Liberia. He held talks with Liberian Pres. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and address the parliament, before meeting some 500 Chinese peacekeepers. Jintao was also due to visit Sudan, Zambia, Namibia, South Africa, Mozambique and the Seychelles during his 12-day tour.
    (AP, 2/1/07)
2007        Feb 1, In Colombia President Alvaro Uribe ordered the seizure of assets belonging to demobilized paramilitary leaders after the killing of a woman who was leading a campaign to reclaim land stolen by the illegal militias.   
    (AP, 2/1/07)
2007        Feb 1, Ahmed Abu Laban (60), Denmark's most prominent Muslim leader and a central figure in last year's uproar over the Prophet Muhammad cartoons, died from cancer.
    (AP, 2/3/07)
2007        Feb 1, Ecuador’s government named Lorena Escudero (41) to be defense minister, to take over after the first female to hold the office was killed in a helicopter accident.
    (AP, 2/1/07)
2007        Feb 1, A Lebanese publisher said the Egyptian government had censored several Egyptian and foreign titles at its annual book fair, including the classic novel "Zorba the Greek" as well as books by Czech author Milan Kundera.   
    (AFP, 2/1/07)
2007        Feb 1, In France top global warming experts huddled for a last day of talks with bureaucrats from more than 100 countries on a closely watched global warming report that could influence government and business policy worldwide.
    (AP, 2/1/07)
2007        Feb 1, In France a ban on smoking in public spaces came into effect.
    (AP, 2/1/07)
2007        Feb 1, A suicide attack in Hillah killed at least 73 people with 163 wounded. Mortar rounds slammed into a Sunni neighborhood in Baghdad for the third day in a row, killing at least three people and wounding 10. At least 9 people were killed in Baghdad as a bomb tore through a minibus in a predominantly Shiite commercial district and mortars hit a Sunni area. A US soldier died of wounds sustained in fighting in Anbar province.
    (AP, 2/1/07)(AP, 2/2/07)
2007        Feb 1, President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad launched anniversary celebrations for Iran's Islamic Revolution with a defiant promise to push ahead with the country's controversial nuclear program.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2007        Feb 1, Israeli troops killed two Palestinian gunmen in an exchange of fire in Nablus.
    (AP, 2/1/07)
2007        Feb 1, Gian Carlo Menotti (b.1911), Italian composer and Pulitzer Prize winner, died in Monaco. His operas included “The Medium" (1946) and “Amahl and the Night Visitors" (1951).
    (SFC, 2/2/07, p.B7)
2007        Feb 1, Mexico’s President Felipe Calderon praised a new law that obligates federal and local authorities to prevent, punish and eradicate violence against women, and he promised a "relentless" fight against gender-related abuse.   
    (AP, 2/1/07)
2007        Feb 1, A Nigerian oil worker abducted 2 days earlier from a facility operated by Addax Petroleum in southern Nigeria was found dead.   
    (AFP, 2/1/07)
2007        Feb 1, Palestinian gunmen opened fire at Hamas officials in separate attacks, marring efforts to shore up a truce that brought relative quiet to Gaza after days of deadly factional violence.
    (AP, 2/1/07)
2007        Feb 1, Romanian President Traian Basescu told Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates that pirated Microsoft software helped Romania to build a vibrant technology industry.
    (AP, 2/1/07)
2007        Feb 1, Russia's Emergency Ministry planned to fly a chemical laboratory to the Omsk region in southern Siberia to analyze oily yellow and orange snow which has covered an area home to 27,000 people. Omsk is a heavily industrial city with a number of oil and gas refineries.   
    (Reuters, 2/2/07)
2007        Feb 1, In South Africa 20 people, including four children, were killed in a car accident in Mpumalanga province.
    (AFP, 2/1/07)
2007        Feb 1, Radhika Coomaraswamy, the Special Representative of the UN Secretary General for Children and Armed Conflict, said child soldiers are increasingly being used in the war-torn region of Darfur, even as their use is on the decline elsewhere in Sudan.   
    (AP, 2/1/07)

2008        Feb 1, Microsoft Corp. made an unsolicited takeover offer of $44.6 billion for Yahoo Inc. in its boldest bid yet to challenge Google Inc.'s dominance of the lucrative online search and advertising markets.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, Exxon Mobil Corp. posted the largest annual profit by a US company, $40.6 billion, as the world's biggest publicly traded oil company benefited from historic crude prices.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, According to a new study the sexually transmitted virus that causes cervical cancer in women is poised to become one of the leading causes of oral cancer in men.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, In Loganville, Ga., Darryl Spearman (55) and Cherri Spearman (52) were found dead in their home by relatives. Investigators said they were beaten to death. The next day police arrested their son, Joshua Spearman (18), on two counts of murder.
    (AP, 2/3/08)
2008        Feb 1, In Cockeysville, Md., Nicholas Waggoner Browning (15) shot and killed his father John Browning (45) and mother Tamara (44) and his brothers Gregory (13) and Benjamin (11). On Oct 27 Browning pleaded guilty to first-degree murder charges and faced at least 2 decades in prison. On Jan 23, 2009, he was sentenced to 4 life terms, but could be eligible for parole in 23 years with good behavior.
    (SFC, 2/4/08, p.A4)(SFC, 10/28/08, p.A6)(AP, 1/24/09)
2008        Feb 1, Actress Shell Kepler (49) died at Oregon Health & Science University hospital. For years she played the gossipy nurse Amy Vining on the TV soap opera "General Hospital."
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 1, An  Australian report said that Japanese harpoonists killed five whales in one day after Greenpeace and Sea Shepherd ships, which had halted the hunt in Antarctic waters, were forced to return to port to refuel.
    (AFP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, Bangladesh livestock officials said more than 27,000 chickens and ducks have been slaughtered after bird flu was confirmed at a poultry farm near the border with India.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, In Brazil men dressed as nuns swilled beer and danced down the cobblestoned streets of a Rio hillside to kick off five days of uninhibited carnival madness.
    (AP, 2/2/08)
2008        Feb 1, Chad's army fought to drive off rebels who pushed to within 100 km (60 miles) of the capital N'Djamena and the clashes delayed the deployment of European peacekeepers. A French Defense Ministry official said France has sent about 150 supplementary troops to Chad as a "precautionary measure" in response to a rebel offensive.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, China’s government said 3 weeks of crippling snow storms have inflicted $7.5 billion in damages and announced a $700 million relief fund for farmers.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, Chinese aluminium giant Chinalco said it and US peer Alcoa have bought a 12-percent stake in Anglo-Australian miner Rio Tinto, setting up a possible takeover tussle with rival BHP Billiton.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, In Ethiopia a summit of African Union leaders shifted its attention from the crisis in Kenya to Chad, with delegates voicing fears of a major conflict that could scupper peace efforts in Sudan.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, Hundreds of Hamas supporters protested on the breached Gaza-Egypt border to demand it remain open, while Egyptian troops poured cement and laid down metal spikes in a new attempt to halt the influx of Gazans.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, Scientists in Finland said they had replaced a 65-year-old patient's upper jaw with a bone transplant cultivated from stem cells isolated from his own fatty tissue and grown inside his abdomen.
    (Reuters, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, In Iraq 2 female suicide bombers blew themselves up in separate attacks on Baghdad pet bazaars, killing at least 68 people and wounding dozens. The attacks were the deadliest in the Iraqi capital since 30,000 more American troops flooded into the center of the country last spring. The next day officials raised the death toll to at least 99, including 62 people killed at the central al-Ghazl market and 37 others killed about 20 minutes later across town. PM al-Maliki said the suicide bombers were both mentally disabled and that their suicide vests were remotely controlled.
    (AP, 2/1/08)(AP, 2/2/08)
2008        Feb 1, Scientists in Japan and New Zealand said they have created a "tear-free" onion using biotechnology to switch off the gene behind the enzyme that makes us cry.
    (AFP, 2/2/08)
2008        Feb 1, The US promised Kazakhstan to help it bring its armed forces up to NATO standards in a new military cooperation pact certain to irritate Russia.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, Kenya's rival sides said they had agreed to take action to end monthlong violence from a disputed presidential election, but the death toll mounted when police fired on mobs setting homes and businesses ablaze in the west of the country. At least 14 people were killed as the death toll rose to over 800 with some 300,000 forced from their homes.
    (AP, 2/2/08)(SFC, 2/2/08, p.A5)
2008        Feb 1, In Mauritania at least one gunman opened fire on the Israeli Embassy, setting off a battle with guards that wounded one person. 8 people were soon detained, but all were released for lack of evidence. 2 suspected terrorists were arrested on April 30.
    (AP, 2/1/08)(AP, 2/19/08)(AP, 4/30/08)
2008        Feb 1, In Pakistan a suicide bomber attacked a military checkpoint in North Waziristan, killing five government soldiers about two miles from the scene of a US missile attack that had killed a top al-Qaida commander.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, Pirates seized a Danish-owned tug boat and its six crew members off Somalia's northeastern coast and demanded ransom. The 115-foot Svitzer Korsakov was built in St. Petersburg, Russia, and was on its way to Sakhalin Island in the Far East.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 1, In northern Sri Lanka government troops attacked Tamil Tiger rebel bunkers along the front lines, triggering a battle that killed 10 guerrillas and two soldiers.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, In Sweden Christer Merrill Aggett (32), a British man, was sentenced to 14 years in prison for infecting two young women with HIV and putting 13 more at risk of infection. Six of them were under the age of 15, the legal age of consent in Sweden, when the sexual encounters took place.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, The US announced it will resume military and other aid to Thailand as a result of the country's successful election and its formation of a democratically elected government.
    (AP, 2/1/08)
2008        Feb 1, Wireless equipment maker LM Ericsson AB reported a sharp drop in fourth-quarter net profits and said it would lay off around 1,000 employees in Sweden because of costs cuts.
    (AP, 2/1/08)

2009        Feb 1, In Super Bowl XLIII at Tampa, Florida, the Pittsburgh Steelers beat the Arizona Cardinals 27-23.
    (SFC, 2/2/09, p.A1)
2009        Feb 1, In California police officers and two armed robbers exchanged gunfire at a Papa John's Pizza outlet in Chino, 35 miles east of downtown Los Angeles. Bystander Daniel Baledran (21), of Rubidoux, died after he was shot by officers.
    (AP, 2/3/09)
2009        Feb 1, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber in a car attacked a convoy of foreign troops in Kabul, wounding two Afghans. Afghans demonstrated against an overnight US military raid in Ghazni province that one villager said killed several civilians. The US military said its forces only killed two militants.
    (AP, 2/1/09)
2009        Feb 1, The African Union's 12th summit opened in Ethiopia with an agenda officially focused on infrastructure development. Leaders set aside the first day to discuss Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi's long-standing pet project to establish a United States of Africa.
    (AFP, 2/1/09)(Reuters, 2/1/09)
2009        Feb 1, Algerian newspapers reported that Ali Ben Touati, a leading member of Al-Qaeda's North African branch, has surrendered to Algerian authorities.
    (AFP, 2/1/09)
2009        Feb 1, In Brazil the world's biggest counterculture political gathering ended with a flurry of photo-snapping, tent folding and farewell embraces, as well as uncertainty about what concrete results were accomplished in the stifling heat of Belem.
    (AP, 2/1/09)
2009        Feb 1, Colombia's battered FARC rebels freed three police officers and a soldier held hostage for more than a year, handing them over to the International Red Cross. A car bomb exploded near a police post in the city of Cali, killing at least one person and injuring at least 18 others after officers were lured to the scene by a bogus fire alarm.
    (AP, 2/2/09)
2009        Feb 1, In Iran police killed 10 drug smugglers in a shootout near the Afghan border. After the shootout, police confiscated more than 2,500 pounds of drugs, most of it opium.
    (AP, 2/1/09)
2009        Feb 1, In Iraq according to unofficial projections allies of Iraq's US-backed prime minister appeared to have made gains in the provincial elections, rewarding groups credited with reining in insurgents and militias.
    (AP, 2/1/09)
2009        Feb 1, In Italy an Indian (35) was attacked while sleeping on a bench in Nettuno, a town 50 miles (80 kilometers) south of Rome. 3 young men were arrested for allegedly beating and setting on fire the Indian immigrant.
    (AP, 2/2/09)
2009        Feb 1, Mexico City shut down a main water pipeline under a new conservation program, cutting service to more than 2 million residents after some reservoirs dropped to their lowest levels in 16 years.
    (AP, 2/1/09)
2009        Feb 1, In Pakistan at least 16 suspected militants, one soldier and 19 civilians were killed in clashes over the last 24 hours in the northwestern Swat Valley, as the military escalated its offensive against insurgents in the one-time tourist haven.  In the southwest a bomb rigged to a motorcycle exploded in a market, wounding at least 10 people.
    (AP, 2/1/09)(WSJ, 2/2/09, p.A10)
2009        Feb 1, Gaza militants launched at least 10 rockets and mortar shells into southern Israel, drawing a threat of "disproportionate" retaliation from Israel's prime minister and further straining a cease-fire that ended Israel's Gaza offensive. Israeli warplanes bombed the area where Hamas smuggles in weapons from Egypt.
    (AP, 2/1/09)(WSJ, 2/2/09, p.A10)
2009        Feb 1, Sri Lanka's army declared that rescuing civilians trapped by its offensive against Tamil Tiger rebels is now one of its top priorities, and said it captured two camps used by suicide squads. Shells hit a crowded hospital in the northeast combat zone, killing at least nine people.
    (AP, 2/1/09)(AFP, 2/2/09)
2009        Feb 1, In Sudan a spokeswoman for the UN mission known as UNAMID said the has government asked peacekeepers to clear out of the town of Muhajeria. She said Sudan wants to launch an offensive against rebels from the Justice and Equality Movement, a Chad-backed rebel group that has held the south Darfur town since mid-January.
    (AP, 2/1/09)
2009        Feb 1, In Switzerland the 5-day World Economic Forum at Davos ended with the realization that the depth of the global financial crises is still unknown and that the solution remains elusive.
    (SFC, 2/2/09, p.A10)

2010        Feb 1, President Barack Obama unveiled a multitrillion-dollar spending plan, pledging an intensified effort to combat high unemployment and asking Congress to quickly approve new job-creation efforts that would boost the deficit to a record-breaking $1.56 trillion. Obama also made his first YouTube interview and spent about 40 minutes answering about a dozen of over 11,000 questions submitted by YouTube users following his State of the Union address. This included  $708 billion requested by the Pentagon for 2011.
    (AP, 2/1/10)(SFC, 2/2/10, p.A9)(http://tinyurl.com/ycfdtxv)(Econ, 2/6/10, p.34)
2010        Feb 1,  NASA’s back-to-the-moon program, Constellation, fell victim to budget cuts.
    (Econ, 2/6/10, p.86)
2010        Feb 1, FBI agents arrested Mohammed Wali Zad, the father of terrorism suspect Najibullah Zazi, at his suburban Denver home. A new indictment accused him of conspiring with others to destroy or hide evidence in a foiled NYC terrorism plot.
    (SFC, 2/2/10, p.A4)
2010        Feb 1, US Customs and Border Protection officers seized nearly a ton of marijuana hidden in a banana shipment at a cargo facility near the US-Mexico border. Officers opened boxes in a truck and found 235 packages of pot worth an estimated $1.1 million.
    (AP, 2/2/10)
2010        Feb 1, Brazil’s Cosan, a producer of ethanol, unveiled a joint venture with Royal Dutch Shell to pool their retail operations.
    (Econ, 2/6/10, p.73)
2010        Feb 1, China launched a 10-day emergency crackdown on tainted milk products after several were found creeping back onto the market despite a massive scandal that sickened hundreds of thousands of children in 2008.
    (AP, 2/2/10)
2010        Feb 1, It was reported that Cuba has declared a two-month amnesty for citizens to register unlicensed guns. Starting Feb. 12, Cubans will have the "exceptional and one-time only" chance to register their guns with police, and will be allowed to keep them provided they are over 18 and have passed the proper tests administered at police stations.
    (AP, 2/1/10)
2010        Feb 1, Egypt’s Parliament amended an antiquities law to bring in stiffer punishments for the theft and smuggling of relics while granting patent rights to the country's antiquities council.
    (AFP, 2/1/10)
2010        Feb 1, Many schools in Haiti's outlying provinces reopened for the first time since an earthquake devastated the nation, though it may take a month or more to open classrooms in the quake-crushed capital.
    (AP, 2/1/10)
2010        Feb 1, In Iraq a female suicide bomber mingling among Shiite pilgrims in northern Baghdad detonated an explosives belt, killing at least 54 people on the outskirts of the Shiite neighborhood of Shaab.
    (AP, 2/1/10)
2010        Feb 1, In Israel two barrels, each containing 22 pounds (10kg) of explosives, washed up on Israel's shores late in the day. No one was hurt. Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip said the failed attempt to send floating bombs toward Israeli beaches was meant to avenge the mysterious death of a Hamas commander in Dubai.
    (AP, 2/2/10)
2010        Feb 1, Seven American and European scientists were named winners of Israel's prestigious $100,000 Wolf Prize. Its prize in medicine went to Axel Ullrich of Germany for groundbreaking cancer research that has led to development of new drugs. Sir David Baulcombe of Cambridge University was awarded for agriculture research in defending plants against viruses. The physics prize was shared by US professor John F. Clauser, Alain Aspect of France and Anton Zeilinger of Austria for their work in quantum physics. The mathematics prize was shared by two US-based professors: Shing-Tung Yau for geometric analysis, and Dennis Sullivan for contributions to algebraic topology and conformal dynamics. The Wolf Foundation was founded by the late German-born Dr. Ricardo Wolf, an inventor, philanthropist and former Cuban ambassador to Israel.
    (AP, 2/1/10)
2010        Feb 1, Lithuanian PM Andrius Kubilius visited Silicon Valley, San Francisco. He and his delegation met with managers at Oracle Corp., Cisco Systems and Hewlett-Packard. He also met with one of the most powerful groups in the IT sector, i.e. members of major Venture Capital Association Accel Partners and other IT investors. The participants of the meeting included Ilja Laurs, founder and CEO of GetJar, the only Lithuanian capital company with the head office in the Silicon Valley.
    (http://irzikevicius.wordpress.com/)(EW)
2010        Feb 1, In Mexico armed men burst into a bar Ciudad Juarez around dawn and killed four men and a woman. Gunmen killed 10 people and wounded 15 in a bar in Torreon, a city in the northern state of Coahuila. A shootout that began in a shopping center and spilled onto a highway in Torreon caused the death of 7 suspected Zetas gunmen and one federal police officer while freeing two kidnap victims. The La Familia gang, strung up about a dozen banners in the western state of Michoacan urging the public at large and other gangs to form a common "resistance" front against the Zetas.
    (AP, 2/2/10)(AP, 2/3/10)
2010        Feb 1, Polish scientists said they have discovered 3 Neanderthal teeth, dating  back some 100,000 to 80,000 years, in the Stajnia Cave, north of the Carpathian Mountains.
    (http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20100201/ap_on_re_eu/eu_poland_neanderthal_teeth)
2010        Feb 1, Officials from the two Koreas met in North Korea to discuss their joint industrial complex just days after an exchange of gunfire at sea emphasized the constant security threat on the divided peninsula.
    (AP, 2/1/10)
2010        Feb 1, Thailand and the United States began their annual Cobra Gold military exercise, now in its 29th year, with South Korea taking part for the first time. Singapore, Japan and Indonesia will also participate in the three-week training exercise, describes as the largest of its type in the world.
    (AP, 2/1/10)

2011        Feb 1, US authorities said an Iranian man has been charged with exporting specialized metals to his homeland for potential use in nuclear and ballistic missile programs, in violation of a US embargo. Milad Jafari (36) was indicted on 11 charges for "illegally exporting and attempting to export specialized metals from the United States through companies in Turkey to several entities in Iran. He remained at large and was believed to be in Iran.
    (AFP, 2/2/11)
2011        Feb 1, US Senate Appropriations Committee Chairman Daniel K. Inouye, (D-HI) announced that the Senate Committee on Appropriations will implement a moratorium on earmarks for the current session of Congress. This amounts to a 2 year moratorium, as it will apply to both the FY 2011 and FY 2012 bills.
    (http://tinyurl.com/kqwyodo)
2011        Feb 1, According to the "Keystone XL Assessment," a new study commissioned by the US Department of Energy, a proposed pipeline from Canada's oil sands to refineries along the Gulf of Mexico would help "essentially eliminate" US oil imports from the Middle East in a decade or two.
    (Reuters, 2/1/11)
2011        Feb 1, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo proposed laying off up to 9,800 state workers and cutting billions from education and Medicaid as he laid out his first budget designed to close a $10 billion deficit.
    (Reuters, 2/1/11)(SFC, 2/2/11, p.A4)
2011        Feb 1, Chevron Corp. filed a racketeering lawsuit against a team of lawyers, who have been fighting the company over oil field pollution in Ecuador, for conspiring to extort up to $113 billion relating to an 18-year-old lawsuit.
    (SFC, 2/2/11, p.D1)
2011        Feb 1, Australia evacuated thousands of people from its northeast coast as a cyclone rivaling Hurricane Katrina bore down on tourism towns and rural communities.
    (AP, 2/1/11)
2011        Feb 1, In Brazil the Civil Defense department in Santa Catarina state said severe floods triggered by torrential downpours have killed at least six people and driven thousands from their homes.
    (AP, 2/1/11)
2011        Feb 1, BP reported its first annual loss ($4.9 billion) since 1992, as a result of the Gulf of Mexico oil spill disaster, and outlined plans to shift its focus away from the United States. BP also announced it is resuming dividend payouts for the first time since the Gulf of Mexico well disaster.
    (AP, 2/1/11)(Econ, 2/5/11, p.73)
2011        Feb 1, Derek Rawcliffe (89), the first Church of England bishop to be open about his homosexuality, died. Rawcliffe disclosed his homosexuality on television in 1995, when he was serving as an honorary bishop in Ripon and Leeds diocese. He was dismissed the following year for conducting blessings of same-sex couples.
    (AP, 2/11/11)
2011        Feb 1, A Cambodian court sentenced two Thais to lengthy prison terms for illegally crossing the border and spying. The Phnom Penh Municipal Court found Veera Somkwamkid, who heads a political pressure group, the Thailand Patriot Network, and his assistant Ratree Pipatanapaiboon, guilty of espionage, illegal entry and trespassing in a military zone. Veera was sentenced to eight years in prison and Ratree to six years.
    (AP, 2/1/11)
2011        Feb 1, In the CAR provisional results said Francois Bozize has been comfortably re-elected to a 2nd term as president with 66% of the Jan 23 vote. By the next day all four rival candidates denounced the result as a fraud. The independent commission said former president Ange-Felix Patasse came second with 20.10% of the vote, followed by former premier Martin Ziguele with 6.46%, Emile Gros-Raymond Nakombo with 4.64% and ex-defense minister Jean-Jacques Demafouth with 2.72%.
    (AFP, 2/2/11)
2011        Feb 1, China Harbor Engineering Company, a subsidiary of state-owned China Communications Construction Company, signed a 1.2-billion-dollar contract to build Khartoum's new international airport.
    (AFP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 1, In Egypt more than a quarter-million people flooded Cairo's main square in a stunning and jubilant array of young and old, urban poor and middle class professionals, mounting by far the largest protest yet in a week of unrelenting demands for President Hosni Mubarak to leave after nearly 30 years in power. A coalition of opposition groups told Egypt's government that they would only begin talks with the military on a transition to democracy once President Hosni Mubarak stands down. Mubarak went on national television and rejected demands he step down immediately and said he would serve out the remaining seven months of his term.
    (AP, 2/1/11)(Reuters, 2/1/11)(AP, 2/2/11)
2011        Feb 1, Maj. Gen. Buster Howes, commander of the EU Naval Force, said Somali pirates have begun systematically torturing hostages and using them as human shields.
    (AP, 2/1/11)
2011        Feb 1, Iran’s President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad faced another sharp rebuke from opponents in parliament as lawmakers dismissed his transportation minister in the wake of several deadly plane crashes in the country.
    (AP, 2/1/11)
2011        Feb 1, Human Rights Watch said elite Iraqi troops controlled by PM Nouri al-Maliki's office are holding prisoners at a secret jail and torturing inmates at another facility.
    (AP, 2/1/11)
2011        Feb 1, Ireland's PM Brian Cowen (51) declared a formal end to his government, in a farewell address tinged with regret over the nation's plunge to the brink of bankruptcy. Analysts forecast Feb. 25 as the most likely election date.
    (AP, 2/1/11)
2011        Feb 1, Ireland ordered a Russian diplomat to be expelled, after an investigation concluded that the country's intelligence service used stolen Irish identities as cover for spies operating in the United States.
    (AP, 2/1/11)
2011        Feb 1, New satellite imagery showed Malaysia is destroying forests more than three times faster than all of Asia combined, and its carbon-rich peat soils of the Sarawak coast are being stripped even faster.
    (AP, 2/1/11)
2011        Feb 1, Mexican federal police reported they had captured a leading enforcer for the Independent Cartel of Acapulco. The enforcer allegedly took part in last year's kidnap-killing of 20 vacationers from the western state of Michoacan and in the killing and beheading of 14 men in Acapulco in early January. Police identified the suspect as Miguel Gomez Vazquez, alias "The Cat," and said he was caught with an assault rifle and drugs. The navy said that it had detained six suspected drug cartel gunmen on four separate occasions Jan 30-31 in the northern states of Tamaulipas and Nuevo Leon. One suspect was killed and two marines were wounded in one of the confrontations.
    (AP, 2/2/11)
2011        Feb 1, In Mexico a series of attacks in Monterrey left a federal police officer and three suspected cartel gunmen dead and three police officers injured. In Zacatecas gunmen opened fire on state police officers who had arrived after receiving a tip that armed men were parked outside an office-supply store. Two bystanders, a man and a boy, suffered non-life-threatening wounds in the gunbattle. In Guadalajara 7 attacks within two hours late in the day appeared to have been coordinated, and were staged by drug gangs, possibly in retaliation for the arrests of their members.
    (AP, 2/2/11)
2011        Feb 1, In Mexico Adam Mark Zachs (47), a fugitive from Connecticut, was arrested in the small town of Leon Guanajuato where he apparently had been running a computer repair business. Zachs was convicted of the 1987 murder of Peter Carone (29) outside a West Hartford bar and sentenced to 60 years in prison. However he fled while free on appeal.
    (Reuters, 2/3/11)
2011        Feb 1, Myanmar's first parliament in more than two decades nominated five vice-presidential candidates, one of whom will become president and lead the new military-dominated government.
    (AP, 2/1/11)
2011        Feb 1, In Nepal Christians threatened to parade corpses in front of the parliament building after the government ruled last week that an area near a revered Hindu temple could no longer be used as their burial ground.
    (AP, 2/1/11) 
2011        Feb 1, In Pakistan's southwestern Baluchistan province gunmen killed four policemen and kidnapped four others, including a senior local official, in separate incidents.
    (AP, 2/2/11)
2011        Feb 1, The Palestinian Cabinet in West Bank said it would hold long-promised municipal elections "as soon as possible."
    (AP, 2/1/11)
2011        Feb 1, Russia’s President Dmitry Medvedev unveiled a huge monument to his predecessor Boris Yeltsin, praising him for leading Russia through its difficult first years after the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union.
    (AP, 2/1/11)
2011        Feb 1, Suriname’s President Desi Bouterse expressed his country's support for Palestinian national rights and the establishment of an independent Palestinian state, the latest Latin American country to do so.
    (www.israel-palestinenews.org/2011/02/surinam-recognizes-palestinian-state.html)
2011        Feb 1, Switzerland blocked Haiti ex-dictator Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier's frozen Swiss millions under new legislation that came into force today to ease their return to the impoverished country. The "Duvalier law" was rushed through parliament last year to ease the restitution of assets stolen by corrupt or greedy politicians to their home countries.
    (AFP, 2/1/11)
2011        Feb 1, Swiss police said a 54-year-old man has admitted sexually abusing 100 mentally disabled children and adults in Switzerland and Germany during almost 3 decades.
    (SFC, 2/2/11, p.A2)
2011        Feb 1, Syrians were reported organizing campaigns on Facebook and Twitter calling for a "day of rage" in Damascus on Feb 4-5, taking inspiration from Egypt and Tunisia in using social networking sites to rally their followers for sweeping political reforms.
    (AP, 2/1/11)
2011        Feb 1, The head of a UN human rights mission said some 219 people were killed and 510 injured during the violent protests that led to the ouster of Tunisian strongman Zine El Abidine Ben Ali. A gang set fire overnight to a small synagogue, in what appeared to be the first attack on a Jewish institution since the start of the unrest.
    (AP, 2/1/11)

2012        Feb 1, President Barack Obama proposed a multi-billion-dollar package to help U.S. homeowners refinance and stave off foreclosure.
    (Reuters, 2/1/12)
2012        Feb 1, TSA agent Alexandra Schmid (31) took $5000 in cash from the jacket of a Bangladeshi passenger as it went along an X-ray conveyor belt at JFK airport. Schmid was arrested on a charge of grand larceny and suspended pending an investigation.
    (AP, 2/3/12)
2012        Feb 1, A Univ. of Alabama study said the state’s crackdown on illegal immigrants, widely seen as the toughest in the United States, has cost the state's economy up to $10.8 billion.
    (Reuters, 2/1/12)
2012        Feb 1, The California Public Utilities Commission approved an opt-out program for PG&E customers who refuse SmartMeters and wish to keep their analog gas and electricity meters. It would cost a one-time fee of $75 plus $10 per month.
    (SFC, 2/2/12, p.A1)
2012        Feb 1, Indiana Gov. Mitch Daniels signed legislation making Indiana the 23rd right-to-work state.
    (SFC, 2/2/12, p.A7)
2012        Feb 1, Planned Parenthood announced that it has received over $400,000 since a recent announcement by the Susan B. Komen Foundation that it had stopped funding Planned Parenthood. On Feb 3 Susan G. Komen for the Cure Foundation apologized for cutting off funding from Planned Parenthood and vowed to revise its policy that led to that decision.
    (SFC, 2/2/12, p.A11)(AP, 2/3/12)
2012        Feb 1, Treasure hunter Greg Brooks said he has located the wreck of a British merchant ship that was torpedoed by a German U-boat off Cape Cod during World War II while carrying what he claims was a load of platinum bars now worth more than $3 billion. The SS Port Nicholson sank on Jun 16, 1942.
    (AP, 2/2/12)(www.shippingtimes.co.uk/item_10244.html)
2012        Feb 1, Don Cornelius (75), the man who created Soul Train (1971-1993), was reportedly found dead at his Los Angeles home.
    (ABCNews, 2/1/12)
2012        Feb 1, NATO confirmed a secret report saying that the Taliban, backed by Pakistan, are set to retake control of Afghanistan after NATO-led forces withdraw, raising the prospect of a major failure of Western policy after a costly war.
    (AP, 2/1/12)
2012        Feb 1, Argentina’s government enacted new laws to block or restrict the importing of some 600 goods while requiring foreign companies to partner with local manufacturers. This helped the domestic manufacturing capacity to rebound, but made many products hard to find, pushing up prices and further heating up inflation.
    (AP, 12/23/12)
2012        Feb 1, Some 24,000 Australian ducks were being destroyed after testing positive for a low pathogenic strain of the bird flu virus, an outbreak which has prompted poultry export bans in parts of Asia.
    (AFP, 2/1/12)
2012        Feb 1, A group of Internet hackers said they took down the website of Banco do Brasil, Brazil’s largest state-run bank.
    (SFC, 2/2/12, p.A2)
2012        Feb 1, Four British Islamists - Mohammed Chowdhury (21), Shah Rahman (28), and brothers Gurukanth Desai (30) and Abdul Miah (25), inspired by a former Al-Qaeda leader Anwar al-Awlaqi, admitted in court to plotting to blow up the London Stock Exchange in 2010.
    (AFP, 2/1/12)
2012        Feb 1, In Colombia a bomb exploded outside a police station in the Pacific port city of Tumaco just as lunch hour ended, killing 9 people and wounding 76. Tumaco is in Narino state, which borders Ecuador, and is laced with dozens of rivers popular with drug traffickers, who include the FARC.
    (AP, 2/2/12)(AP, 2/2/12)
2012        Feb 1, In Egypt fans from the local Al-Masry team in Port Said chased supporters of the visiting Al-Ahly soccer club with knives, clubs and stones. Hundreds fled into the exit corridor, only to be crushed against a locked gate, their rivals attacking from behind. The Interior Ministry said 74 people died, including one police officer, and 248 were injured, 14 of them police.
    (AP, 2/2/12)
2012        Feb 1, The death toll from a severe cold spell in Eastern Europe rose to 71, including 43 in the Ukraine, most of them homeless people.
    (AP, 2/1/12)
2012        Feb 1, In Haiti visitng Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff said Brazil will offer 6,000 visas to Haitians over a five-year period as one of several efforts that look to help the troubled Caribbean nation get on its feet.
    (AP, 2/1/12)
2012        Feb 1, In northern Japan an avalanche killed three bathers at a hot spring in Akita, where heavy snow also paralyzed traffic and forced schools to close.
    (AP, 2/2/12)
2012        Feb 1, Mexican soldiers found dozens of large plastic containers with over 3,600 liters of opium paste during a raid on a drug lab in Coyuca de Catalan, a mountain town in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero.
    (AP, 3/14/12)
2012        Feb 1, In Myanmar an agreement was reached by authorities in Mon State and the rebel New Mon State Party. They agreed to allow the rebel group to open a liaison office and freely travel without weapons.
    (AP, 2/2/12)
2012        Feb 1, In Nigeria several security sources said that a suspect believed to be the person who goes by the alias Abul Qaqa had been arrested, but authorities have not officially confirmed his detention or his identity.
    (AFP, 2/2/12)
2012        Feb 1, In the southern Philippines gunmen abducted Swiss and Dutch tourists and a Filipino bird photographer and took the trio away by boat on Tawi-Tawi island province.
    (AP, 2/1/12)
2012        Feb 1, In Poland Wislawa Szymborska (b.1923), Nobel-winning poet (1996), died. She published fewer than 400 poems.
    (AP, 2/9/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wis%C5%82awa_Szymborska)
2012        Feb 1, South Africa’s national parks agency said 3 young Mozambican poachers will spend 25 years behind bars after they were found with two fresh rhino horns in Kruger Park.
    (AFP, 2/2/12)
2012        Feb 1, Sudan's military bombed a Bible school built by a US Christian aid group, prompting students and teachers at the school to run for their lives in the Nuba Mountains in South Kordofan state. The Heiban Bible College was built by Samaritan's Purse, a North Carolina-based aid group.
    (AP, 2/3/12)
2012        Feb 1, Syrian troops battled army defectors in a string of towns in the mountains overlooking Damascus in a new assault to crush rebellious areas around the capital. Activists said at least 6-17 people were killed in the fighting. 8 residents in Homs were reported killed. A UN Security Council resolution would give Assad 15 days to start implementing the Arab peace plan and halt the crackdown, otherwise the Council would consider "further measures."
    (AP, 2/1/12)
2012        Feb 1, Eleven Iranian pilgrims were kidnapped in the central Syrian city of Hama.
    (AFP, 2/3/12)
2012        Feb 1, In Tunisia men, described as bearded by the state news agency, were stopped in their car at a checkpoint and then opened fire with assault rifles, before fleeing into a nearby olive orchard in the southern Bir Ali Ben Khalifa region.
    (AP, 2/2/12)
2012        Feb 1, Senior UN nuclear expert Herman Nackaerts announced plans to revisit Tehran soon after a "good trip," indicating progress on his team's quest to probe suspicions that the Islamic Republic is secretly working on an atomic arms program.
    (AP, 2/1/12)

2013        Feb 1, Hillary Rodham Clinton formally resigned as America's 67th secretary of state, capping a four-year tenure that saw her shatter records for the number of countries visited.
    (AP, 2/1/13)
2013        Feb 1, Energy Secretary Steven Chu, a Nobel Prize-winning physicist frequently the target of Republican criticism, announced that he was stepping down in the latest shake-up of Pres. Barack Obama's Cabinet.
    (AP, 2/2/13)
2013        Feb 1, The American TV series “House of Cards" premiered on Netflix.
    (Econ, 2/2/13, p.52)
2013        Feb 1, Detroit’s Mayor Bing said the city will close 50 of its 107 parks, but keep Belle Isle running. Services at 38 other parks will be reduced. The city council voted not to accept state assistance for Bell Isle.
    (SFC, 2/2/13, p.A6)
2013        Feb 1, Edward Koch (b.1924), NYC’s 105th mayor (1978-1989), died from congestive heart failure.
    (SFC, 2/2/13, p.A7)
2013        Feb 1, Edward Koch (b.1924), NYC’s 105th mayor (1978-1989), died from congestive heart failure.
    (SFC, 2/2/13, p.A7)
2013        Feb 1, The IMF gave the government of Argentina until Sep 29 to comply with the fund’s rules on the reporting of inflation statistics. On Dec 9 the IMF deferred action until March.
    (Econ, 2/9/13, p.38)(Econ, 12/21/13, p.56)
2013        Feb 1, Bolivia’s mining town of Oruro formally dedicated its Virgin of Socavon, a new statue of the Virgin Mary that's a little taller than Rio's famed Christ the Redeemer, as it kicked off its Carnival celebrations.
    (AP, 2/1/13)
2013        Feb 1, Senior British counterterrorism Detective Chief Inspector April Casburn (53) was sentenced to 15 months in prison for trying to sell information to Rupert Murdoch's News of the World tabloid.
    (AP, 2/1/13)
2013        Feb 1, Chinese car maker Geely said it has bought Manganese Bronze, the maker of London's black taxis since 1948, for 11 million pounds, safeguarding jobs and production of the vehicles in Britain.
    (AP, 2/1/13)
2013        Feb 1, In central China an elevated portion of highway collapsed after a truck loaded with illegal fireworks for Lunar New Year celebrations exploded, killing at least 10 people and sending vehicles plummeting 30 meters to the ground.
    (AP, 2/1/13)(AP, 2/2/13)
2013        Feb 1, Thousands of Egyptians marched across the country, chanting against the rule of the Islamist President Mohammed Morsi, in a fresh wave of protests. Protesters denouncing Pres. Morsi hurled stones and firebombs through the gates of his palace gates, clashing with security forces who fired tear gas and water cannons. Video footage showed at least seven black-clad riot police beating Hamada Saber (48), whose pants are down around his ankles, with sticks before dragging him along the muddy pavement and tossing him into a police van.
    (AP, 2/1/13)(AP, 2/2/13)
2013        Feb 1, In western Iraq tens of thousands of Sunni protesters blocked a major highway, as an al-Qaida-affiliated group called on Sunnis to take up arms against the Shiite-led government.
    (AP, 2/1/13)
2013        Feb 1, In Italy a Milan appeals court vacated acquittals for a former CIA station chief and two other Americans, and instead convicted them in the 2003 abduction of an Egyptian terror suspect from a Milan street as part of the CIA's extraordinary rendition program. The court sentenced former CIA Rome station chief Jeffrey Castelli to seven years, and handed sentences of six years each to Americans Betnie Medero and Ralph Russomando. All three were tried in absentia at both levels.
    (AP, 2/1/13)
2013        Feb 1, In Lebanon at least three people were killed and 10 others wounded in clashes between the army and gunmen in the northeastern town of Arsal near the border with Syria. Residents of Arsal, a Sunni Muslim town, are known to be sympathetic to the Syrian opposition, and arms smuggling into Syria is widespread in the area.
    (AP, 2/1/13)
2013        Feb 1, In Mali 3 suspected jihadists, arrested in the days since the liberation of the town of Timbuktu. said that Malian soldiers were torturing them with a method similar to waterboarding.
    (AP, 2/1/13)
2013        Feb 1, The Netherlands nationalized SNS Reaal bank and expropriated its bonds in a $14 billion rescue. Investors in the subordinated bonds were wiped out.
    (Econ, 3/16/13, p.72)(http://tinyurl.com/bllbeqf)
2013        Feb 1, A Nigerian military official said 18 militants and one soldier have been killed during days of fighting in Sambisa Game Reserve, Borno state, pitting soldiers against suspected rebels with the radical Islamist sect Boko Haram.
    (AP, 2/1/13)(SFC, 2/2/13, p.A2)
2013        Feb 1, Nigerian lawmaker Rep. Farouk Lawan, who led a probe into the nation's fuel subsidy program that saw billions of dollars lost through fraud, was charged, along with his aide Emenalo Boniface, with allegedly soliciting a $3 million bribe from someone targeted by the inquiry. The allegations stem from their investigation of Femi Otedola, the chairman of Zenon Petroleum and Gas Ltd. and a powerful ally of Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan.
    (AP, 2/1/13)
2013        Feb 1, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber detonated his explosives outside a Shiite mosque as worshippers were leaving prayers, killing 23 people and wounding over 50 in Hangu, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.
    (AP, 2/1/13)
2013        Feb 1, A court in northern Sweden ordered retrials in 2 remaining two cases against Sture Bergwall (62), an alleged serial killer who had confessed to more than 30 murders over three decades, and was convicted of eight of them. Bergwall later said his ghastly tales of slaughter, rape and even cannibalism were all lies, spawned by loneliness, a desire for attention and heavy medication. On July 31, 2013, prosecutors dropped the last remaining charges against Bergwall.
    (AP, 2/2/13)(AP, 7/31/13)
2013        Feb 1, In Turkey a suspected suicide bomber detonated an explosive device at the entrance of the US Embassy in Ankara, killing himself and a guard.
    (AP, 2/1/13)

2014        Feb 1, In Afghanistan an insurgent ambush killed 4 soldiers and wounded another four in an attack on an Afghan National Army foot patrol along the main highway in Farah province. Gunmen shot dead two members of former foreign minister Abdullah Abdullah's team in Herat, dealing an early blow to hopes of a peaceful presidential campaign.
    (AP, 2/1/14)(AFP, 2/2/14)
2014        Feb 1, Austrian-born actor Maximilian Schell (b.1930), a fugitive from Adolf Hitler who became a Hollywood favorite and won an Oscar for his role as a defense attorney in "Judgment at Nuremberg" (1961), died overnight in Innsbruck.
    (AP, 2/1/14)
2014        Feb 1, Indonesia’s Mount Sinabung volcano, that has been rumbling for months, unleased a major eruption killing at least 15 people just a day after authorities allowed thousands of villagers who had been evacuated to return to its slopes.
    (AP, 2/1/14)(AFP, 2/3/14)
2014        Feb 1, In Lebanon a car bomb blew up near a gas station in the  Shiite town of Hermel in the northeast, killing at least 3 people.
    (AP, 2/2/14)
2014        Feb 1, In Libya over 54 detainees escaped from a prison in Tripoli. Officials said the prison was short five guards at the time of the breakout.
    (AP, 2/2/14)
2014        Feb 1, In the southern Philippines a homemade bomb, likely set off by Muslim rebels, wounded 12 people, including six soldiers and two television journalists.
    (AP, 2/1/14)
2014        Feb 1, In South Africa Duduzane Zuma (29), the son of President Jacob Zuma, crashed his Porsche into a minibus taxi just before midnight. Zimbabwean national Phumzile Dube (30) was killed. Police later confirmed an investigation of manslaughter against Duduzane.
    (AP, 2/9/14)
2014        Feb 1, South Sudan government forces and allied militias reportedly attacked northern Leer town and surrounding villages in Unity state, killing an unknown number of people and destroying property. Rebels' defensive positions in Upper Nile state also came under attack.
    (AP, 2/2/14)
2014        Feb 1, In Spain thousands of people marched in Madrid to protest against a government plan to limit abortions that has caused unusually open divisions in the ruling conservative People's Party.
    (Reuters, 2/1/14)
2014        Feb 1, Sudan’s Secretary of the National Council for Press and Publications Obeid Murawah told the Sudanese state news agency that all restrictions on the opposition "The People's Opinion" daily had been lifted and that the paper could resume printing after completing the appropriate procedures. Three other newspapers remained banned.
    (AP, 2/1/14)
2014        Feb 1, Sudan suspended activities of the international Red Cross because it violated guidelines for working in the war-torn country.
    (AFP, 2/2/14)
2014        Feb 1, In Syria at least 9 people were killed when Syrian regime helicopters dropped explosive-filled barrels on two neighborhoods of the northern city of Aleppo. At least 7 people killed in a double car bombing carried out by the jihadist Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) targeting a rebel headquarters in Aleppo.
    (AFP, 2/1/14)
2014        Feb 1, In Thailand gunfire rang out across an intersection in Bangkok for more than an hour as government supporters clashed with protesters trying to derail tense nationwide elections before the vote begins.
    (AP, 2/1/14)
2014        Feb 1, Turkmenistan’s President Gurbanguli Berdymukhamedov said in a resolution published in the official government newspaper that each person would still be allowed up to 50 cubic meters of gas for free, but anything over that amount would cost $7 per thousand cubic meters.
    (AP, 2/1/14)
2014        Feb 1, In Yemen a battle, that began a day earlier, between Shiite and Sunni tribesman over land in the northwest left more than 65 dead. Armed tribesmen bombed Yemen's main oil pipeline, halting crude flow to the country's main export terminal less than a month after it was repaired.
    (AP, 2/1/14)(Reuters, 2/1/14)

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