Today in History - February 3

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1014        Feb 3, Sweyn Forkbeard (b.960), Danish-born Viking king of England (1013-14), died.
    (www.nndb.com/people/718/000093439/)

1160        Feb 3, Emperor Frederick Barbarossa hurtled prisoners, including children, at the Italian city of Crema, forcing its surrender.
    (HN, 2/3/99)

1238        Feb 3, The Mongols took over Vladimir, Russia.
    (HN, 2/3/99)

1261        Feb 3, Samogitian fighters defeated the Livonian Knights of the Cross at Lielvarde.
    (LHC, 2/3/03)

1317        Feb 3, Pope John XXII, under guidance from Gnesen Archbishop Borislav, offered Catholicism to Lithuania.
    (LHC, 2/3/03)

1368        Feb 3, Charles VI, King of France (1380-1422), was born.
    (MC, 2/3/02)

1377        Feb 3, There was a mass execution of population of Cesena, Italy.
    (MC, 2/3/02)

1451        Feb 3, Murad II, Ottoman sultan (1421-51), died of apoplexy. Mehmet II (19) became Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. He ruled until 1481.
    (ON, 10/00, p.10)(Ot, 1993, p.7)(MC, 2/3/02)

1468        Feb 3, Johannes Gutenberg (Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg b.c1400), German inventor of movable type, died.
    (SFC, 2/15/97, p.D1)(WSJ, 9/14/00, p.A24)

1488        Feb 3, Bartolomeu Dias, Portuguese explorer, sighted the coast of Africa sailing north and made landing at Mossel Bay (South Africa) and realized that they had rounded the continent. He saw the southern tip on his return journey in May and named it Cabo Tormentoso (Cape of Storms). He continued north to the Great Fish River near present day Port Elizabeth, and then returned home in December. King Jaoa changed the cape’s name to Cape of Good Hope to encourage future explorers.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.173)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bartolomeu_Dias)(ON, 11/07, p.2)

1547        Feb 3, Russian czar Ivan IV (17) married Anastasia Romanova.
    (MC, 2/3/02)

1576        Feb 3, Henry of Navarre (future Henry IV) escaped from Paris.
    (MC, 2/3/02)

1690        Feb 3, The first paper money in America was issued by the colony of Massachusetts. The currency was used to pay soldiers fighting a war against Quebec.
    (SFC, 4/30/97, p.B3)(AP, 2/3/97)

1740        Feb 3, Charles de Bourbon, King of Naples, invited the Jews to return to Sicily.
    (MC, 2/3/02)

1783        Feb 3, Spain recognized United States' independence.
    (AP, 2/3/97)(HN, 2/3/99)

1809        Feb 3, Felix Mendelssohn (d.1847), German composer and pianist, was born. His work included: "Overture to a Midsummer Night's Dream".
    (HN, 2/3/01)(WUD, 1994 p.895)
1809        Feb 3, US Congress passed an act establishing the Illinois Territory.
    (AP, 2/3/97)

1811        Feb 3, Horace Greeley, abolitionist newspaper editor, was born in Amherst, New Hampshire. He popularized the phrase "Go west, young man." Greeley, who began his journalism career at The New Yorker, founded The New York Tribune in 1841 with support from powerful political friends. Under Greeley's direction, The Tribune took a strong stand against slavery, the South and slave owners in the years leading up to the Civil War. The Tribune and Greeley also crusaded against liquor, gambling, prostitution and capital punishment. One of the founders of the Republican Party, Greeley was also an eccentric who dabbled in many of the fads of his day. The phrase was spoken to Josiah Grinell, who went west to Iowa, became a Congregational minister and founded Grinell College from which Robert Noyce, developer of the microchip and founder of Intel, graduated.
    (HNPD, 2/3/99)(WSJ, 10/26/00, p.W12)

1815        Feb 3, World's 1st commercial cheese factory was established, in Switzerland.
    (MC, 2/3/02)

1821        Feb 3, Elizabeth Blackwell (d.1910), first woman to get an MD from a U.S. medical school, was born in Bristol, England.
    (http://womenshistory.about.com/od/blackwellelizabeth/a/eliz_blackwell.htm)

1830        Feb 3, Robert Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury (C), British PM (1885-1902), was born.
    (MC, 2/3/02)

1847        Feb 3, Marie Duplessis (b.1824), French courtesan, died. She was mistress to a number of prominent and wealthy men, the inspiration for Marguerite Gautier, and the main character of La Dame aux Camelias by Alexandre Dumas the younger, one of her lovers.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marie_Duplessis)

1863        Feb 3, Samuel Clemens became Mark Twain for 1st time. In Nevada the Territorial Enterprise in Comstock printed some humorous letters from a reader named "Josh." The editor hired the man, who was Samuel Clemens, for $25 a week. Clemens accepted and changed his pen name to Mark Twain. Sam had dropped the penname "Josh" and first signed himself "Mark Twain" in a letter written on January 31, 1863. The Territorial Enterprise published the letter in its Tuesday, February 3, 1863 issue (http://www.twainquotes.com/18630203t.html).
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, BR p.6)

1865        Feb 3, The Hampton Roads Conference was attended by President Abraham Lincoln and the Vice President of the Confederacy, Alexander H. Stephens, in an attempt to end the American Civil War.  The four-hour meeting aboard the Union steamboat River Queen anchored in Hampton Roads in Virginia, also included Lincoln’s Secretary of State, William H.  Seward, Confederate Assistant Secretary of War John Campbell and Senator R.M.T. Hunter. Lincoln‘s peace offer required rebel states to return to the Union, accept the freedom of their slaves and to disband their army. Even though military defeat was imminent, the Confederate representatives did not have the authority to accept any peace offer without a guarantee of independence for the Confederacy, therefore, no agreement was reached.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.22)(AP, 2/3/97)(HNQ, 2/5/00)

1870        Feb 3, 15th Amendment on Black suffrage was passed. [see Mar 30]
    (MC, 2/3/02)

1874        Feb 3, Gertrude Stein (d.1946), poet and novelist, was born. Her older brother, Michael, managed the family business, which included San Francisco’s Market Street railway line. Her parents were Daniel and Milly. Her relationship with her brother, Leo (1872-1947), abruptly ended in 1914. Her work included "Three Lives,"  "G.M.P." and "Tender Buttons." The 40-year relationship between Gertrude and Leo is told by Brenda Wineapple in "Sister Brother, Gertrude and Leo Stein." "Everybody gets so much information all day long that they lose their common sense." "It is awfully important to know what is and what is not your business."
    (SFEC, 8/11/96, DB, p.10)(AP, 12/27/97)(AP, 9/3/98)(HN, 2/3/99)

1887        Feb 3, US Congress created the Electoral Count Act to avoid disputed natl. elections.
    (MC, 2/3/02)

1894        Feb 3, Norman Rockwell, artist and illustrator, was born. He painted scenes of small-town America. Most of his work appeared in The Saturday Evening Post.
    (HN, 2/3/99)

1898        Feb 3, Alvar Aalto (d.1979), Finnish architect, was born.
    (HN, 2/3/01)

1903        Feb 3, Edward F. Adams, editorial writer for the SF Chronicle, founded the SF Commonwealth Club as an open forum for the discussion of disputed questions.
    (SFC, 2/1/03, p.E4)(SSFC, 5/13/12, p.A14)

1904        Feb 3, Colombian troops clashed with U.S. Marines in Panama.
    (HN, 2/3/99)

1907        Feb 3, James A. Michener (d.1997), American novelist, was born. His work included "Tales of the South Pacific." "Character consists of what you do on the third and fourth tries."
    (AP, 2/4/97)(HN, 2/3/01)

1908        Feb 3, The US Supreme Court, in Loewe v. Lawlor, ruled the United Hatters Union had violated the Sherman Antitrust Act by organizing a nationwide boycott of Danbury Hatters of Connecticut.
    (AP, 2/3/08)

1909        Feb 3, Simone Weil (d.1943), French philosopher, member of the French resistance in WWII, was born. "All sins are attempts to fill voids." "Man alone can enslave man."
    (HN, 2/3/01)(AP, 12/10/97)(AP, 8/23/98)

1912        Feb 3, New U.S. football rules were set: the field was shortened to 100 yds.; touchdown became six points instead of five; four downs were allowed instead of three; and the kickoff was moved from midfield to the 40 yd. line.
    (HN, 2/3/99)

1913        Feb 3, Ratification of the 16th Amendment to the Constitution, providing for a federal income tax, was completed as Delaware became the 36th state to ratify the 1909 resolution. The new income tax laws included an exemption on life insurance to help widows and orphans. The 1st $3,000 was exempted. The top rate on incomes over $500,000 was 6%.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sixteenth_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution)(AP, 2/3/00)(SSFC, 7/28/02, p.A3)(WSJ, 6/4/03, p.B1)

1916        Feb 3, Canada's original parliament buildings, in Ottawa, burned down.
    (AP, 2/3/97)

1917        Feb 3, The United States broke off diplomatic relations with Germany, which had announced a policy of unrestricted submarine warfare. A German submarine sank the U.S. liner Housatonic off coast of Sicily.
    (AP, 2/3/97)(HN, 2/3/99)

1918        Feb 3, Joey Bishop, [Gottlieb], talk show host (Joey Bishop Show), was born in the Bronx.
    (MC, 2/3/02)
1918        Feb 3, The $4.25 million, 12,000 foot Twin Peaks tunnel for the SF Muni Railway opened with Mayor James Rolph at the helm of the first streetcar to go through to West Portal. Access to the west of the mountain spawned the 1st residential parks including West Portal Park, St. Francis Wood, Balboa Terrace, and Forest Hill.
    (SFEC, 4/25/99, Z1 p.4)(SFCM, 3/3/02, p.40)(SFC, 2/4/09, p.B7)

1919        Feb 3, Eamon de Valera, Sinn Fein leader, and 2 other men escaped from England’s Lincoln Jail and made their way home to Ireland.
    (ON, 9/04, p.7)
1919        Feb 3, League of Nations held its 1st meeting in Paris.
    (MC, 2/3/02)

1920        Feb 3, The Allies demanded that 890 German military leaders stand trial for war crimes.
    (HN, 2/3/99)

1924        Feb 3, Woodrow Wilson (68), the 28th president of the United States, died in Washington. The Woodrow Wilson Foundation in 1958 asked Prof. Arthur Link (1920-1998) of Northwestern Univ. to oversee the publication of Wilson’s papers. Link spent 35 years on the project and completed his 69th and final volume in 1983. Link also produced a 5-volume biography on Wilson. In 2013 A. Scott Berg authored the biography “Wilson."
    (AP, 2/3/97)(SFEC, 3/29/98, p.E7)(Econ, 9/7/13, p.83)

1930        Feb 3, The chief justice of the United States, William Howard Taft, resigned for health reasons. He died just over a month later.
    (AP, 2/3/97)

1940        Feb 3, Fran Tarkenton, NFL quarterback, was born.
    (Internet)

1941        Feb 3, The US Supreme Court upheld the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, ruling that Congress can fix minimum wages and maximum hours for US workers.
    (AH, 2/06, p.14)

1943        Feb 3, The US transport ship "Dorchester," which was carrying troops to Greenland, sank after being hit by a torpedo. Four Army chaplains (Rev. Lt. George L. Fox, a Methodist minister; Rabbi Lt. Alexander D. Goode; Father Lt. John P. Washington, a Roman Catholic priest; and Rev. Lt. Clark V. Poling, a Protestant minister from the Dutch Reformed Church) gave their life jackets to four other men, and went down with the ship.
    (AP, 2/3/03)(www.fourchaplains.org/story.html)
1943        Feb 3, Finland began talks with the Soviet Union.
    (HN, 2/3/99)

1944        Feb 3, The United States shelled the Japanese homeland for the first time at Kurile Islands.
    (HN, 2/3/99)

1945        Feb 3, The Allies dropped 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin. Robert Rosenthal (1917-2007) led 1,000 B-17s in the raid on Berlin. Rosenthal later served as an assistant to the US prosecutor at the Nuremberg trials.
    (HN, 2/3/99)(SFC, 4/30/07, p.B8)
1945        Feb 3, The month-long Battle of Manila began.
    (HN, 2/3/99)

1947        Feb 3, Percival Prattis became the 1st black reporter in Congressional press gallery.
    (MC, 2/3/02)

1950        Feb 3, Morgan Fairchild, [Patsy McClenny], actress (Falcon Crest),  born in Dallas, Tx.
    (en.wikipedia org/wiki/Morgan_Fairchild))

1950        Feb 3, The song "Rag Mop" by The Ames Brothers hit #1.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1950_in_music)

1951        Feb 3, "Victor Borge Show," debuted on NBC TV.
    (MC, 2/3/02)

1953        Feb 3, J. Fred Muggs, a chimp, became a regular on NBC's Today Show.
    (MC, 2/3/02)

1954        Feb 3, Millions greeted Queen Elizabeth in Sydney on her first royal trip to Australia.
    (HN, 2/3/99)

1956        Feb 3, Autherine Lucy (b.1929) arrived at the Tuscaloosa branch of the Univ. of Alabama and became the first black person to enroll there. She had been accepted in 1952 and then was denied because of her race.
    (http://www.answers.com/topic/autherine-lucy-foster)

1959         Feb 3, A plane crash near Clear Lake, Iowa, claimed the lives of rock- and-roll stars Buddy Holly (22), Ritchie Valens (17) and J.P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson (28). They had just finished performing at the Surf Ballroom in Clear Lake. Buddy Holley and the Crickets had 2 hit songs "Oh Boy" and "Maybe Baby," Valens had the 2-sided hit "Donna" and "La Bamba," Richardson was popular for his song "Chantilly Lace."
    (AP, 2/3/97)(WSJ, 2/25/99, p.A16)(MC, 2/3/02)
1959        Feb 3, An American Airlines Lockheed Electra crashed into New York's East River while approaching LaGuardia Airport, killing 65 of the 73 people on board.
    (AP, 2/3/08)
1959        Feb 3, Vincent Astor (b.1891), businessman and philanthropist, died. He left almost his entire fortune to his wife, Brooke Astor (b.1902 as Roberta Brooke Russell). In 2007 Frances Kiernan authored “The Last Mrs. Astor: A New York Story."
    (WSJ, 5/18/07, p.W10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vincent_Astor)

1960        Feb 3, Candlestick Park, the new home of the SF Giants baseball team, was officially turned over to the team.
    (SFEC,12/797, Z1 p.4)(SSFC, 1/31/10, p.42)

1962        Feb 3, President John F. Kennedy banned all trade with Cuba except for food & drugs.
    (HN, 2/3/99)

1964        Feb 3, "Meet the Beatles" album went Gold.
    (MC, 2/3/02)

1966        Feb 3, The Soviet probe Luna 9 became the first manmade object to make a soft landing on the moon.
    (AP, 2/3/08)

1967        Feb 3, Ronald Ryan (b.1925) was the last person executed in Australia.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronald_Ryan)

1971        Feb 3, OPEC decided to set oil prices without consulting buyers.
    (HN, 2/3/99)

1973        Feb 3, "No, No Nanette" closed at 46th St. Theater in NYC after 861 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=3580)

1976        Feb 3, In Nigeria Gen. Murtala Ramat Muhammed (1938-1976) proclaimed Abuja as the new federal capital. It was founded to replace Lagos and became the official capital in 1991.
    (SFC, 11/23/06, p.A28)(www.datelineafrica.org/stories/200802130370.html)

1978        Feb 3, Egyptian President Anwar al-Sadat arrived in Washington DC to discuss the Middle East peace process with US President Jimmy Carter.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/3/newsid_2525000/2525341.stm)

1983        Feb 3, Cardinal Antonio Samore (b.1905), Vatican representative and archivist, died. In 1978 he mediated the Beagle conflict, a border dispute between Argentina and Chile.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Samor%C3%A9)

1984        Feb 3, The Environmental Protection Agency ordered a ban on the pesticide EDB for grain products.
    (HN, 2/3/99)
1984        Feb 3, Ravindra Mhatre, India's deputy high commissioner in Britain, was kidnapped in Birmingham, England. His body was found on Feb 5. A group calling itself the Kashmir Liberation Army claimed responsibility and demanded a ransom of 1 million pounds ($1.84 million) and the release of political prisoners in India.
    (AP, 11/4/04)(http://tinyurl.com/az5uudh)

1985        Feb 3, Frank Friedman Oppenheimer (b.1912), American physicist, died. He had worked on the Manhattan Project, was a target of McCarthyism, and was later the founder of the Exploratorium in San Francisco (1969). He was the younger brother of Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer, the first director of Los Alamos National Laboratory.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Oppenheimer)

1987        Feb 3, The San Diego Yacht Club celebrated the victory of skipper Dennis Conner and the Stars and Stripes over Australia to sweep the America's Cup series.
    (AP, 2/3/97)

1988        Feb 3, The U.S. House of Representatives handed President Reagan a major defeat, rejecting his request for at least $36.25 million in aid to the Nicaraguan Contras.
    (AP, 2/3/97)
1988        Feb 3, The U.S. Senate voted unanimously to confirm Anthony M. Kennedy to the U.S. Supreme Court.
    (AP, 2/3/97)
1988        Feb 3, Robert Duncan, American poet, died. He and his partner Jess Collins (d.2004) along with Harry Jacobus founded the King Ubu Gallery in SF in 1953.
    (SFC, 1/7/04, p.A19)(www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/poets/a_f/duncan/life.htm)

1989        Feb 3, John Cassavetes (b.1929), Greek-American actor and film director, died. His films included "Gloria" (1980), "Love Streams" (1984) and "A Woman Under the Influence." An unproduced script was later made into the 1997 film "She’s So Lovely," by his son. In 2006 Marshall Fine authored “Accidental Genius," a biography of Cassavetes.
    (WSJ, 8/29/97, p.A9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Cassavetes)(WSJ, 3/3/06, p.W6)
1989        Feb 3, Gen’l. Andres Rodriguez (d.1997 at 73) staged a coup to oust Gen’l. Alfredo Stroessner. Stroessner, president of Paraguay for more than three decades, was overthrown in the military coup. Some 300 people were killed. Col. Lino Oviedo (1943-2013) led the army unit that captured Stroessner.
    (SFC, 4/22/97, p.A3)(AP, 2/3/99)(SFC, 8/17/06, p.A10)(Econ, 2/9/13, p.38)

1990        Feb 3, The parliament of Bulgaria elected economist Andrei Lukanov to replace a hard-line Communist as premier. Lukanov became the prime minister after rising to the number 2 spot of the Communist hierarchy under Zhivkov. He oversaw the party’s formal break with Stalinism and victory in the first free elections.
    (SFC, 10/5/96, p.A10)(AP, 2/3/00)

1991        Feb 3, US military officials confirmed that seven of eleven Marines who were killed in combat on January 30th died from "friendly fire."
    (AP, 2/3/01)
1991        Feb 3, The rate for a first-class postage stamp rose to 29 cents.
    (AP, 2/3/01)
1991        Feb 3, Nancy Kulp (b.1921), actress (Jane Hathaway-Beverly Hillbillies), died.
    (http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0474685/)

1992        Feb 3, President George H.W. Bush got into a testy exchange with Democratic governors over his economic-revival plan.
    (AP, 2/3/02)
1992        Feb 3, Japanese Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa sparked controversy by saying American workers were losing the drive "to live by the sweat of their brow."
    (AP, 2/3/02)

1993        Feb 3, Marge Schott was suspended as Cincinnati Reds owner for one year for repeatedly using racial and ethnic slurs. The suspension was lifted after eight months.
    (AP, 2/3/97)
1993        Feb 3, In Los Angeles, the federal trial began for four police officers charged with civil rights violations in the videotaped beating of Rodney King.
    (AP, 2/3/97)

1994        Feb 3, President Clinton lifted the 19-year-old U.S. trade embargo against Vietnam.
    (SFC, 12/26/98, p.A9)(AP, 2/3/99)
1994        Feb 3, The US Senate confirmed William Perry to be defense secretary.
    (AP, 2/3/99)
1994        Feb 3, Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan dismissed his aide, Khalid Abdul Muhammad, for making anti-Semitic remarks.
    (AP, 2/3/99)
1994        Feb 3, The space shuttle Discovery lifted off, carrying Sergei Krikalev, the first Russian cosmonaut to fly aboard a U.S. spacecraft.
    (AP, 2/3/99)

1995        Feb 3, The space shuttle Discovery blasted off with a woman, Air Force Lt. Col. Eileen Collins, in the pilot's seat for the first time in NASA history.
    (AP, 2/3/00)
1995        Feb 3, At the O.J. Simpson trial in Los Angeles, prosecution witness Denise Brown wept on the stand as she described the humiliation and abuse of her sister, Nicole Brown Simpson, at the hands of the former football star.
    (AP, 2/3/00)
1995        Feb 3, IBM in fashion shed its dress code in favor of casual wear.
    (SFEC, 8/29/99, p.C1)

1996        Feb 3, Sergeant First Class Donald A. Dugan, 38, became the first US soldier killed while on duty in Bosnia when a piece of ammunition exploded in his hands.
    (AP, 2/3/01)
1996        Feb 3, Actress Audrey Meadows died in Los Angeles at the age of 71.
    (AP, 2/3/01)
1996        Feb 3, A 7.0 earthquake hit Lijiang region of Yunnan province in China. Some 231 people were killed and 14,000 injured.
    (WSJ, 2/5/96, p.A-1)(NH, 4/97, p.44)

1997        Feb 3, The Army announced that a retired female sergeant major had accused Sgt. Maj. Gene McKinney of sexual assault and harassment. McKinney, who was accused of sexual misconduct by six women, faced court-martial, but was acquitted of 18 charges of pressuring enlisted women for sex. He received a reprimand and reduction in rank.
    (AP, 2/3/02)
1997        Feb 3, The US stock market initiated new "circuit breakers." The first stop would kick in after a 350-point drop in the DJ industrial average.
    (WSJ, 2/3/97, p.A12)
1997        Feb 3, In Bulgaria prime minister designate Nikolai Dobrev was selected by the ruling Socialists to lead a new government. Thousands hit the streets with students and transport workers in protest.
    (SFC, 2/4/97, p.A9)
1997        Feb 3, In the Philippines Roman Catholic Bishop Benjamin de Jesus was shot to death in the city of Cotaboto on Jolo Island.
    (SFC, 2/4/97, p.A9)
1997        Feb 3, In Serbia Belgrade police beat up protestors and representatives of Kosovo’s Albanian majority said 5 people were killed in a police sweep.
    (SFC, 2/4/97, p.A8)

1998        Feb 3, A new 32-cent postage stamp in honor of John Muir was to be issued at the Martinez, Ca. post office.
    (SFC, 1/8/98, p.A19)
1998        Feb 3, In California heavy rains continued to thrash the state and rivers in Northern California spilled over their banks.
    (SFC, 2/4/98, p.A1)
1998        Feb 3, Mary Kay LeTourneau, 36, former Washington state teacher, violated probation with the 14 year-old father of her baby.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7smjq)
1998        Feb 3, In Savannah, Tenn., a helicopter used to install power lines struck a worker on a utility pole and crashed. Three people were killed and 2 injured.
    (SFC, 2/4/98, p.A3)
1998        Feb 3, In Texas Karla Faye Tucker (38) was executed by lethal injection with sodium thiopental for the 1983 pickax slaying of 2 people during a break-in in 1983. She was the first woman executed in the United States since 1984.
    (SFC, 2/4/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/4/98, p.R4)(AP, 2/3/99)
1998        Feb 3, Heavy storms hit the Southeast and Western US and 4 tornadoes hit the Miami area.
    (WSJ, 2/4/98, p.A1)
1998        Feb 3, Armenia Pres. Levon Ter-Petrosyan (52) resigned after 7 years of leadership. His support for a compromise settlement over the Nagorno-Karabakh caused backers to defect to the opposition.
    (SFC, 2/4/98, p.C2)
1998        Feb 3, A US surveillance aircraft cut a ski cable in Italy and caused the death of 20 skiers in a gondola cable car running from Cavalese to the Alpe Cermis. The EA-6B aircraft was normally used for patrols over Bosnia and was only slightly damaged. Lt. Col. Steven Watters was later relieved of command for telling crew members of a related squadron to destroy evidence in the investigation. The pilot did not have Italian military maps that identified the ski lift. Four crewmen were later charged by the Marine Corps with negligent homicide, involuntary manslaughter and dereliction of duty. The pilot and navigator faced trial for manslaughter. Pilot Richard J. Ashby was acquitted of all charges in 1999. Navigator Joseph Schweitzer was acquitted of manslaughter and negligent homicide charges. Schweitzer later pleaded guilty to obstruction and conspiracy charges for destroying a videotape made during the flight. The tape indicated that the plane had been flying upside down. Schweitzer was sentenced to dismissal from the Marine Corps. Capt. Ashby (32) was found guilty of obstruction of justice and conspiracy in May, 1999 and was sentenced to 6 months in prison and dismissed from the Marine Corps. Families of the victims settled for $2 million apiece in 2000.
    (SFC, 2/4/98, p.A7)(SFC, 2/11/98, p.A11)(SFC, 2/19/98, p.B10)(SFC, 3/27/98, p.A14)(SFC, 7/11/98, p.A2)(SFC, 3/5/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/16/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/30/99, p.A1)(SFC, 4/3/99, p.A3)(SFC, 5/1/99, p.A4)(SFC, 5/8/99, p.A4)(SFC, 5/11/99, p.A4)(SFC, 4/26/00, p.A4)
1998        Feb 3, In Japan a 3-rocket attack on Tokyo’s Narita Airport did no damage but slightly injured a cargo handler. Three rockets were involved. Later the leftist Revolutionary Workers Association claimed responsibility
    (SFC, 2/4/98, p.C3)(SFC, 2/7/98, p.11)

1999        Feb 3, Pres. Clinton signed an executive order to establish a council of scientists and bureaucrats to combat zebra mussels, leafy spurge, long-horned beetles and other invasive pests.
    (SFC, 2/4/99, p.A6)
1999        Feb 3, The Clinton administration told Congress a NATO-led peacekeeping force could be needed in Kosovo for three to five years and might include up to 4,000 American troops.
    (AP, 2/3/00)
1999        Feb 3, In Switzerland 60 of the 105 members of the IOC met to formulate an assault on performance enhancing drugs.
    (WSJ, 2/4/99, p.A1)
1999        Feb 3, In Guinea-Bissau Pres. Joao Bernardo Vieira agreed to a cease fire with rebel leader Ansumane Mane.
    (SFC, 2/4/99, p.A12)
1999        Feb 3, In Indonesia police fired on a crowd listening to separatist speeches in Aceh and 2 people were killed. The death toll from Christian-Muslim clashes on Ambon was raised to 94.
    (WSJ, 2/4/99, p.A1)
1999        Feb 3, In Kosovo members of the KLA demanded that peace talks include a guaranteed vote for independence.
    (SFC, 2/4/99, p.A10)
1999        Feb 3, Moscow reported that its year 2000 problems will cost $3 billion to repair.
    (WSJ, 2/4/99, p.A1)
1999        Feb 3, A boatload of refugees from Sierra Leone sank near Guinea and 50 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 2/4/99, p.A1)
1999        Feb 3, In Zimbabwe officials said that 70,000 people will die of AIDS this year. 1.6 million of the nation's 12 million people were infected.
    (WSJ, 2/4/99, p.A1)

2000        Feb 3, The Senate voted 89-to-four to confirm Alan Greenspan for a fourth term as chairman of the Federal Reserve.
    (AP, 2/3/01)
2000        Feb 3, The flight data recorder from Alaska Airlines Flight 261 was recovered from the Pacific Ocean off California.
    (AP, 2/3/01)
2000        Feb 3, The US Navy in the Straits of Hormuz took control of a Russian tanker, Volgoneft-147, on suspicion that is was smuggling oil from Iraq in violation of US sanctions. Tests showed the oil came from Iraq and it was forced to discharge the oil in Oman.
    (SFC, 2/4/00, p.D6)(WSJ, 2/8/00, p.A1)
2000        Feb 3, The US Supreme Court granted a stay of execution for Robert Lee Traver Jr., who was to be electrocuted in Alabama.
    (SFC, 2/5/00, p.A2)
2000        Feb 3, The Ford Motor Co. said it would provide new PCs and a printer with Internet access to its 300,000 employees at $5 per month over 3 years.
    (SFC, 2/5/00, p.A1)   
2000        Feb 3, Richard Kleindienst, who had served as US attorney general during the Nixon administration and resigned during the Watergate scandal, died in Prescott, Arizona, at age 76.
    (SFC, 2/4/00, p.D9)(AP, 2/3/01)
2000        Feb 3, Vodafone AirTouch PLC of Britain took over Mannesmann AG of Germany for a record $170 billion in stock.
    (SFC, 2/4/00, p.A1)
2000        Feb 3, In Austria Pres. Thomas Klestil swore in members of the Freedom Party after Joerg Haider signed a declaration accepting Austria's responsibility for Nazi crimes during WW II.
    (SFC, 2/4/00, p.A1)
2000        Feb 3, The British government announced that it would resume control over Northern Ireland within days if the IRA did not take steps to disarm.
    (SFC, 2/4/00, p.A10)
2000        Feb 3, In Chechnya the Russian military traded Radio Liberty journalist Andrei Babitsky to Chechen rebels in exchange for 3 Russian soldiers.
    (SFC, 2/5/00, p.A12)
2000        Feb 3, In Kosovo violence broke out in Mitrovica with 2 grenade attacks that left 20 people wounded and shootings that left 3 ethnic Albanians dead. The number of deaths were later increased to 7.
    (SFC, 2/4/00, p.D5)(SFEC, 2/6/00, p.A26)

2001        Feb 3, The 8-member XFL football league, created by WWF guru Vince McMahon, made its debut on NBC. The Las Vegas Outlaws beat the New York-New Jersey Hitmen 19-0 in Las Vegas, and the Orlando Rage beat the Chicago Enforcers 33-29 in Florida. The XFL folded after just one season.
    (SSFC, 2/4/01, p.A1)(AP, 2/3/02)
2001        Feb 3, Terry McAuliffe was elected chairman of the Democratic National Committee.
    (AP, 2/3/02)
2001        Feb 3, Benjamin Varner, a freshman at Gallaudet Univ. in Washington DC, was found dead with his throat slashed and face mutilated. Police later arrested Joseph Mesa Jr. (20), a freshman student from Guam, for the murder of Varner and Eric Plunkett in Sep, 2000. [see Sep 28, 2000]
    (SSFC, 2/4/01, p.A10)(SFC, 2/6/01, p.A6)(SFC, 2/14/01, p.A7)
2001        Feb 3, Mexico followed Canada and the US in a ban on beef from Brazil due to fears of mad cow disease.
    (WSJ, 2/5/01, p.A17)

2002        Feb 3, In Superbowl XXXVI the New England Patriots beat the St. Louis Rams 20-17 with a 48-yard field goal by Adam Vinatieri as time expired. Patriot quarterback Tom Brady (24) was named MVP.
    (SFC, 2/4/02, p.C1)
2002        Feb 3, Former Enron chairman Kenneth Lay backed out of testifying before Congress about the collapse of the energy giant.
    (AP, 2/3/03)
2002        Feb 3, Argentina unveiled a plan to rescue the economy that included a partial easement of the banking freeze and a free-floating peso.
    (SFC, 2/4/02, p.A4)
2002        Feb 3, In Cambodia’s 1st local elections Hun Sen’s Cambodian People’s Party won control of up to 1600 of the 1,621 local councils. A US monitoring group said the polls were competently run but neither free nor fair.
    (SFC, 2/5/02, p.A7)
2002        Feb 3, In Cuba Fidel Castro met with Pres. Fox of Mexico.
    (SFC, 2/4/02, p.A4)
2002        Feb 3, In Israel the Cabinet backed PM Sharon for initiating talks with Palestinian officials.
    (SFC, 2/4/02, p.A4)
2002        Feb 3, In Costa Rica presidential elections Abel Pacheco, of the ruling Social Christian Unity Party, won 38.5% of the vote and Rolando Araya, National Liberation Party, won 30.9%. A runoff was scheduled for Apr 7.
    (SFC, 2/5/02, p.A7)
2002        Feb 3, A 6.0-6.2 earthquake hit Turkey and as least 45 people were killed. The epicenter was about 135 miles southwest of Ankara.
    (SFC, 2/4/02, p.A3)(WSJ, 2/4/02, p.A1)

2003        Feb 3, Pres. Bush set forth a $2.2 trillion budget and acknowledged that it would contribute to years of deficits.
    (SFC, 2/4/03, p.A1)
2003        Feb 3, It was reported that the US and Britain had mapped out a strategy to limit arms inspections in Iraq to no more than 6 more weeks.
    (SFC, 2/3/03, p.A1)
2003        Feb 3, Phil Spector (62), rock-n-roll producer, was arrested in LA for murder after Lana Clarkson (40) was found dead in his mansion. In 2007 his murder case ended in a mistrial with a 10-2 deadlock.
    (SFC, 2/4/03, p.A1)(SFC, 9/27/07, p.A2)
2003        Feb 3, New Jersey doctors joined the protest against high malpractice insurance premiums.
    (WSJ, 2/4/03, p.A1)
2003        Feb 3, A new British report said Iraqi security agents have bugged every room and telephone of the UN weapons inspectors based in Baghdad and have hidden documents in Iraqi hospitals, mosques and homes.
    (AP, 2/4/03)
2003        Feb 3, In England Margaret Muller, an American artist, was stabbed to death as she ran in London’s Victoria Park. In 2009 The Metropolitan Police said that a 36-year-old man had been arrested on suspicion of the murder and was in custody north of London.
    (AP, 2/4/09)
2003        Feb 3, Germany began its first working day as president of the UN Security Council.
    (AP, 2/4/03)
2003        Feb 3, Israeli tank fire killed two Palestinian farmers in the Gaza Strip on Monday, and soldiers arrested a leader of Yasser Arafat's Fatah group on the West Bank.
    (AP, 2/3/03)
2003        Feb 3, The Peace Corps resumed work in Peru, nearly three decades after a leftist military government ended the American volunteer program there.
    (AP, 2/3/03)
2003        Feb 3, Venezuela's workers returned to work in all sectors but the vital oil industry after abandoning a two-month-long general strike that failed to oust President Hugo Chavez.
    (AP, 2/3/04)

2004        Feb 3, Kerry won five states (Arizona, Delaware, Missouri, New Mexico, N. Dakota) and the lion's share of the delegates, taking command of the race. Of the 269 delegates up for grabs, Kerry won 144, Edwards 66, Clark 50, Dean seven and Al Sharpton two. Clark squeaked a win in Oklahoma and Edwards won  his home state, S. Carolina.
    (AP, 2/4/04)(USAT, 2/4/04, p.1A)
2004        Feb 3, US Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist said that a white powder, found in his office in the Dirksen Senate Office Building, tested positive for ricin, forcing closure of Senate office buildings and close scrutiny of congressional mail.
    (AP, 2/3/04)
2004        Feb 3, Gov. Rod Blagojevich signed legislation creating a $500 million tax on Illinois hospitals, which expected increased federal funding under the plan.
    (USAT, 2/4/04, p.9A)
2004        Feb 3, The Ohio Legislature approved a ban on same-sex marriage and barred benefits to both homosexual and heterosexual domestic partners. Gov. Taft planned to sign the bill.
    (SFC, 2/4/04, p.A6)
2004        Feb 3, Oregon voters rejected $800 million in tax increases setting up a new round of cuts in services.
    (WSJ, 2/4/04, p.A1)
2004        Feb 3, The US government revoked Guyana's Home Affairs Minister Ronald Gajraj's travel visa. He has been accused of organizing a hit squad blamed in the deaths of more than 40 suspected criminals last year.
    (AP, 2/5/04)(Econ, 5/22/04, p.34)
2004        Feb 3, In southern Russia a car bomb exploded at the central market in Vladikavkaz, near the war-ravaged Chechen Republic.
    (AP, 2/3/04)
2004        Feb 3, Singapore Airlines began 18½ hour non-stop flights to Los Angeles.
    (USAT, 2/5/04, p.1B)

2005        Feb 3, Alberto Gonzales won US Senate confirmation as attorney general.
    (AP, 2/3/06)
2005        Feb 3, According to audio transcripts and documents unveiled by a public utility north of Seattle, fallen energy giant Enron Corp. was running scams to drive up the cost of power years before the 2000-01 West Coast energy crisis.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, Boeing Co. said it has a preliminary agreement with Libya's Buraq Air to buy as many as six airplanes in a deal that could be worth nearly $370 million.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, Ernst Mayr (b.1904), German born evolutionary biologist, died in Bedford, Mass. The central focus of his work was “geographic speciation." His books included “Systematics and the Origen of the Species" (1942).
    (SFC, 2/4/05, p.B7)(Econ, 2/12/05, p.85)
2005        Feb 3, An Afghan passenger jet carrying 104 people disappeared from radar screens during a snowstorm near the mountain-ringed capital. NATO helicopters found the wreckage of 2 days later. There were no survivors.
    (AP, 2/4/05)(AP, 2/5/05)
2005        Feb 3, Bolivia’s Pres. Carlos Mesa shuffled his cabinet in the wake of street protests calling for regional autonomy and objecting to a planned increase in the price of fuel oil.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, The US embassy in Phnom Penh condemned the Cambodian parliament's vote to strip opposition leader Sam Rainsy and two of his deputies of immunity.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, Chechnya's Russian-backed government dismissed a rebel February cease-fire declaration, saying it was a publicity stunt that could not be trusted.
    (AP, 2/3/05)(WSJ, 2/3/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 3, PM Zurab Zhvania, who helped lead Georgia's revolution that toppled the corruption-tainted regime of Eduard Shevardnadze, died in a friend's apartment from what officials claimed was an accidental gas leak from a heater.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, In central India at least 25 people were killed when a passenger train collided with a tractor pulling a trailer full of people.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, Iran and Syria rejected President Bush's charges that they sponsored terrorism. An Iranian official called the claims groundless. The Syrian information minister said the democracy America seeks for the Middle East could not come through force.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, Insurgents struck back with a vengeance following a post-election lull, waylaying a minibus carrying new Iraqi army recruits, firing on Iraqis heading for work at a U.S. base and gunning down an Iraqi soldier in the capital. At least 18 people, including 2 Marines, died in insurgent-related incidents.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, Israeli Cabinet ministers approved the release of 900 Palestinian prisoners and a military pullout from the West Bank town of Jericho within days.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, Hamas leader Khaled Mashaal said that fugitives in his Palestinian group would not sign pledges to halt attacks because that would negate the legitimacy of their right to fight the Israeli occupation.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, The Kremlin said President Vladimir Putin has signed a resolution that would have Russian troops join a proposed U.N. peacekeeping operation in Sudan.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, In Sudan the pilot of a cargo plane that was losing altitude steered away from a built-up area and crashed in open space outside Khartoum, killing 7 crew members.
    (AP, 2/3/05)
2005        Feb 3, An interim UN report zeroed in on the chief of the oil-for-food program, Benon Sevan, saying Saddam Hussein's regime awarded oil allocations in his name to a trading company between 1998 and 2001.
    (AP, 2/4/05)

2006        Feb 3, Responding to Venezuela's expulsion of a US naval officer from Caracas, the State Department declared a senior Venezuelan diplomat persona non grata and gave her 72 hours to leave the United States.
    (AP, 2/3/06)
2006        Feb 3, PG&E agreed to pay $295 million to settle lawsuits over drinking wells contaminated with the toxic chemical chromium.
    (SFC, 2/4/06, p.A1)
2006        Feb 3, Merck & Co. received approval from the US FDA to begin marketing RotaTeq, a vaccine for rotavirus, an intestinal virus that annually kills nearly half a million children around the world.
    (WSJ, 2/4/06, p.A2)
2006        Feb 3, A Kama Sutra worm was set to activate. It was designed to corrupt unprotected documents using the most common file types, including ".doc," ".pdf," and ".zip."
    (AP, 2/2/06)
2006        Feb 3, In Alabama 5 small Baptist churches were found burned to the ground in Bibb County. 4 of the churches had white congregations, one was black. On Dec 20 three former college students, aged 19-20, pleaded guilty to burning 9 churches over 2 nights. In 2007 Benjamin N. Moseley and Matthew L. Cloyd were sentenced to 8 years in prison. Russell L. DeBusk Jr., who only took part in the 1st burnings, was sentenced to 7 years [see Feb 7].
    (SFC, 2/4/06, p.A3)(SFC, 12/21/06, p.A3)(SFC, 4/10/07, p.A5)
2006        Feb 3, Al Lewis (95), TV sitcom actor, died. He played officer Schnauzer in “Car 54, Where Are Your?" (1961-1963) and the patriarch in “The Munsters" (1964-1966).
    (SSFC, 2/5/06, p.A2)
2006        Feb 3, In southern Afghanistan fierce fighting involving US warplanes and Afghan troops left at least 16 Taliban rebels and three police dead.
    (AP, 2/3/06)
2006        Feb 3, In Bangladesh nearly 1,150 people were arrested in Dhaka, a day before opposition supporters were due to converge on the city in a campaign to oust the government.
    (AFP, 2/4/06)
2006        Feb 3, British author Phillippe Sands said in a new edition of his 2005 "Lawless World" that Pres. Bush commented in a White House meeting with Tony Blair on Jan. 31, 2003, that the US intended to go to war even if inspectors failed to find evidence of a banned weapons program. Sands cited a memo of the meeting as saying Bush also told Blair that military intervention was scheduled for March 2003 even without UN backing.
    (AP, 2/3/06)
2006        Feb 3, Some 200,000 Cubans crowded Revolution Plaza for a ceremony granting Hugo Chavez UNESCO's 2005 Jose Marti International Prize. President Castro himself handed over the framed certificate to Venezuela’s Pres. Chavez. UNESCO introduced the Marti prize in 1994 to recognize an individual or institution contributing to the unity and integration of countries of Latin America and the Caribbean.
    (AP, 2/3/06)
2006        Feb 3, An Egyptian passenger ferry carrying 1,408 people, mostly Egyptian workers returning from Saudi Arabia, sank in the Red Sea overnight. The 35-year-old ship, "Al-Salam Boccaccio 98," went down 40 miles off the Egyptian port of Hurghada between midnight and 2 a.m. Rescue boats picked up at least 362 survivors from the ferry that caught fire and sank in the Red Sea, apparently so fast there was no time for a distress signal. But more than 1,000 missing passengers and crew were feared drowned. The report into the sinking found the ship was overloaded and using forged documents to hide a shortage of safety equipment. In 2008 an Egyptian court acquitted in absentia Mamdouh Ismail, the owner of the ferry and his son, of negligence and corruption. Ismail, is a member of parliament's upper house, and his son Amr was a top executive in the ferry company. In 2009 Mamdouh Ismail was convicted of involuntary manslaughter and negligence and sentenced to seven years in prison.
    (AP, 2/3/06)(AP, 2/4/06)(AP, 4/19/06)(AP, 7/27/08)(AP, 3/11/09)
2006        Feb 3, BNP Paribas, France’s 2nd largest bank by assets, declared that it was buying a 48% stake in Banca Nazionale del Lavoro (BNL), Italy’s 6th largest bank, and that it would bid for the rest.
    (Econ, 2/11/06, p.70)
2006        Feb 3, Indian health officials reported that over 5,600 new cases of chikungunya, a crippling and incurable mosquito-born disease, had infected people on the island of Reunion.
    (www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/L04459988.htm)
2006        Feb 3, Iran warned it no longer would consider a Kremlin proposal to move its uranium enrichment program to Russia if it is referred to the UN Security Council for allegedly violating a nuclear arms control treaty.
    (AP, 2/3/06)
2006        Feb 3, The bullet-riddled bodies of 14 Sunni Arab men purportedly seized by Shiite-led forces last week were found in Baghdad. The next day a prominent Sunni politician accused the government of pushing Iraq toward "civil war." Iraqi police rounded up nearly 60 people in Baghdad and Basra in a security crackdown.
    (AP, 2/4/06)(SFC, 2/4/06, p.A7)
2006        Feb 3, A study by the Israeli Research Institute for Economic and Social Affairs determined that more than $14 billion has been spent on West Bank settlements since capturing the territory in 1967.
    (AP, 2/3/06)
2006        Feb 3, Japan’s parliament enacted a law awarding compensation to former leprosy sufferers who were forced into isolated leper colonies in Taiwan and Korea by Japan's imperial government decades ago.
    (AP, 2/3/06)
2006        Feb 3, Hezbollah guerrillas attacked an Israeli military position in a disputed part of the south Lebanon border, provoking a swift Israeli airstrike on suspected Hezbollah sites.
    (AP, 2/3/06)
2006        Feb 3, Malaysia's national carmaker Proton renewed its alliance with Japan's Mitsubishi Motors Corp. with a technical pact that involves jointly developing new vehicles.
    (AP, 2/3/06)
2006        Feb 3, The Muslim world erupted in anger after cartoons they found offensive were re-published in Europe. Streets in Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Malaysia, Palestine, Pakistan and Turkey filled with demonstrators calling for boycotts of European goods and burning the flag of Denmark, where the cartoons first appeared.
    (SFC, 2/4/06, p.A1)
2006        Feb 3, A pro-government candidate in Nepal's municipal election died after being shot by communist rebels, the 2nd person to be assassinated ahead of next week's polls.
    (AP, 2/4/06)
2006        Feb 3, Foreign Minister Ben Bot said Netherlands will send 1,200 additional troops to Afghanistan, the day after parliament gave the green light to the deployment.
    (AP, 2/3/06)
2006        Feb 3, North and South Korea agreed to hold military talks on the level of generals for the first time in nearly two years and the South said they would focus on preventing naval clashes.
    (AP, 2/3/06)
2006        Feb 3, In Russia Stanislav Dmitriyevsky, the head of the Russian-Chechen Friendship Society in Nizhny Novgorod, was convicted of inciting ethnic hatred, a verdict he condemned as part of a state assault on non-governmental organizations. Dmitriyevsky had campaigned against rights abuses in Chechnya.
    (AP, 2/3/06)
2006        Feb 3, Mas Selamat Kastari, Singapore's most-wanted man, believed to have planned bomb and plane-crash attacks on the island's airport, was deported to Singapore following his arrest in Indonesia under the Internal Security Act (ISA).
    (Reuters, 2/6/06)
2006        Feb 3, The $10 million Turkish film "Valley of the Wolves Iraq" opened in Turkey. It fed off the increasingly negative feelings many Turks harbored toward Americans. In the most expensive Turkish movie ever made, American soldiers in Iraq crash a wedding and pump a little boy full of lead in front of his mother.
    (AP, 2/2/06)
2006        Feb 3, Some 55,000 Darfuris fled Janjaweed attacks in Mershing, Sudan. Panic-stricken refugees stampeded, trampling to death about 13 infants. Another 220 children disappeared during the flight.
    (Econ, 2/11/06, p.46)(http://tinyurl.com/s4pj4)
2006        Feb 3, The UN Security Council authorized planning for the expected UN takeover of peacekeeping operations in Sudan's conflict-wracked Darfur region.
    (AP, 2/3/06)
2006        Feb 3, Jamal al-Badawi, a man considered a mastermind of the USS Cole bombing that killed 17 sailors in a Yemeni port in 2000, was among 23 people who escaped from a Yemen prison. At least 13 of the 23 escapees were convicted al-Qaida fighters, who escaped via a 140-yard-long tunnel dug by the prisoners and co-conspirators outside.
    (AP, 2/5/06)

2007        Feb 3, President Bush designated four central Florida counties disaster areas in the wake of tornadoes that ripped through the region, leaving 21 dead.
    (AP, 2/3/08)
2007        Feb 3, Britain scrambled to contain its first outbreak of the highly pathogenic H5N1 strain of bird flu in domestic poultry after the virus was found at a farm run by Europe's biggest turkey producer. Some 2,500 turkeys had died since Feb 1 at the Bernard Matthews farm near Lowestoft in eastern England. Over 160,000 were culled over the next few days.
    (AP, 2/3/07)(Econ, 2/10/07, p.59)
2007        Feb 3, In Chile a fire swept through a small hotel in Punta Arenas, killing 10 foreign tourists, including two children, as they slept in their rooms. A large gas explosion rocked a historic area in the port city of Valparaiso, killing at least one person, injuring 11 more and causing extensive damage over three city blocks.
    (AP, 2/3/07)
2007        Feb 3, In southern China a tour bus traveling in the wrong lane on a highway plowed into an oncoming bus in Hechi, killing 13 passengers and injuring 75.
    (AP, 2/4/07)
2007        Feb 3, Police said they found $19 million in cash under the floorboards of a house in Cali. The loot likely belonged to Juan Carlos Ramirez Abadia, among a dozen alleged top drug kingpins whom US authorities targeted for arrest using a $5 million reward for information. In  the northeast an explosion tore through a makeshift coal mine, killing 32 miners.
    (AP, 2/4/07)
2007        Feb 3, In Congo officials said clashes last week between security forces and demonstrators claiming electoral fraud left 97 people dead in several southwestern towns.
    (AP, 2/2/07)(AP, 2/4/07)
2007        Feb 3, In India at least 19 laborers were crushed to death when a wall they were building collapsed near Mumbai.
    (AFP, 2/3/07)
2007        Feb 3, Indonesia’s Environment Minister Rachmat Witoelar said Indonesia will pursue its plans to develop nuclear power as part of efforts to find alternative energy sources to address its growing needs. Officials said flooding has killed at least 44 people and left more than 340,000 others homeless in Jakarta, as neck-high waters submerged large sections of the city. The flooding in Jakarta eventually left 52 people dead.
    (AP, 2/3/07)(AP, 2/6/07)(Econ, 3/17/12, p.48)
2007        Feb 3, Iraq's top Shiite cleric called for Muslim unity and an end to sectarian conflict, his first public statement in months on the worsening security crisis. A suicide truck bomber struck a market in a predominantly Shiite area of Baghdad, killing 137 people among the crowd buying food for evening meals, the most devastating strike in the capital in more than two months. A series of car bombs struck the oil-rich northern city of Kirkuk in a 2-hour span, killing at least 2 people and wounding 30. 5 US soldiers died, 4 in fighting and one of an apparent heart attack.
    (AP, 2/3/07)(AP, 2/4/07)
2007        Feb 3, Maize reportedly occupied 90% of the cultivated land in Malawi.
    (Econ, 2/3/07, p.80)
2007        Feb 3, In Mexico thousands of protesters marched in Oaxaca to demand the resignation of the state governor. A man's chopped up body was discovered in Acapulco dumped in plastic garbage bags.
    (AP, 2/3/07)(Reuters, 2/5/07)
2007        Feb 3, The Mahadhesi ethnic community in southeastern Nepal demanded that the region be turned into an autonomous state to end two weeks of unrest that has claimed at least 13 lives.
    (AFP, 2/3/07)(Econ, 1/27/07, p.43)
2007        Feb 3, Fatah and Hamas clashed at Cabinet ministries, universities and security headquarters in defiance of a truce that was to have calmed the seething Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 2/3/07)
2007        Feb 3, In northwest Pakistan a suspected Islamic militant rammed his explosive-laden car into a Pakistan army convoy near Tank, killing two soldiers and wounding six others.
    (AP, 2/3/07)
2007        Feb 3, The interior ministry spokesman said Saudi police have arrested 10 people who are accused of collecting donations and recruiting on behalf of militant groups.
    (AP, 2/3/07)
2007        Feb 3, Tens of thousands of people marched in Madrid to reject any negotiations with the Basque separatist group ETA, whose car bombing in the capital a month ago shattered a nascent peace process.
    (AP, 2/4/07)
2007        Feb 3, In northern Vietnam 5 miners were killed when a large rock fell on them as they worked to extract zinc ore.
    (AP, 2/4/07)
2007        Feb 3, Chinese President Hu Jintao brought his eight-nation African tour to Zambia, a copper-rich country where China's growing clout has prompted charges of exploitation and emerged as a volatile political issue.
    (AP, 2/3/07)

2008        Feb 3, The New York Giants won the Super Bowl XLII over for the favored New England Patriots 17-14.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 3, Jorge Liderman (50), a composer and professor at UC Berkeley, was struck and killed by a BART train at the El Cerrito station in a suspected suicide.
    (SFC, 2/4/08, p.B1)
2008        Feb 3, Australian PM Kevin Rudd announced a summit of 1,000 ordinary citizens to address long-term challenges facing the nation, saying the best ideas could influence government policy. He also scolded the country's opposition for haggling over the exact content of a planned apology to Australia's Aborigines, saying its meaning will be quite clear.
    (AP, 2/3/08)
2008        Feb 3, Chadian forces backed by tanks and helicopter gunships struggled to repel a rebel assault on the capital, and insurgents claimed to have trapped the president in his palace. Chadian rebels, reportedly backed by Sudanese military aircraft, launched an attack on the eastern town of Adre, which borders on Sudan's Darfur region.
    (AP, 2/3/08)(AFP, 2/3/08)
2008        Feb 3, In southern China railway service inched back to normal, a day after one person died in a stampede by frustrated train passengers who were stranded for days because of snow ahead of an important holiday.
    (AP, 2/3/08)
2008        Feb 3, Egyptian troops closed the last breach in Egypt's border with the Gaza Strip, ending 11 days of free movement for Palestinian residents of the blockaded territory.
    (AP, 2/3/08)
2008        Feb 3, In southwest Germany an apartment building fire killed at least nine people, five of them children, and left 20 people hospitalized in Ludwigshafen.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 3, In western India a four-story building collapsed in Ahmadabad, killing eight people and injuring another 12 after a warning to evacuate days before went unheeded.
    (AP, 2/3/08)
2008        Feb 3, Iraq's presidency council issued a controversial law that allows lower-ranking former Baath party members to reclaim government jobs, the final step for the first US-backed benchmark approved by parliament. A senior Interior Ministry official and his bodyguard were wounded and his driver was killed by a bomb planted on his car. A mortar round slammed into a street in a northeastern section of the capital, killing an Iraqi soldier on foot patrol. An Iraqi policeman was killed in a drive-by shooting near Kut.
    (AP, 2/3/08)
2008        Feb 3, Israeli forces opened fire across the Lebanese border, killing one person and wounding another. The Israeli military said it was responding to fire apparently from drug smugglers on the Lebanese side.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 3, In Italy Ernesto Illy (82), the longtime head of Italian coffee giant illycaffe SpA, died. A chemist and son of Francesco Illy, who founded the company in 1933, Ernesto traveled the world in search of the best blend of beans.
    (AP, 2/6/08)
2008        Feb 3, Police said Japanese investigators found insecticide on the outside of six bags of Chinese-made dumplings in Japan after separate dumplings made by the same company sickened 10 people there.
    (AP, 2/3/08)
2008        Feb 3, The leader of Kenya's opposition called for the African Union to send peacekeepers to help stem violence sparked by the country's disputed presidential election.
    (AP, 2/3/08)
2008        Feb 3, In Nigeria fighters from the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) attacked a military houseboat stationed at the Shell Petroleum Tora manifold in Bayelsa state of Nigeria. The attack killed three soldiers.
    (AFP, 2/5/08)
2008        Feb 3, Two strong earthquake shook the African Great Lakes region, killing at least 37 people in Rwanda and six in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
    (AFP, 2/3/08)(AFP, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 3, Serbs voted in a knife-edge presidential election that could decide whether their country turns its back on the West in response to the imminent loss of the breakaway province of Kosovo. Boris Tadic took 50.5% of votes cast to beat nationalist Tomislav Nikolic by about 100,000 votes.
    (AP, 2/3/08)(Reuters, 2/4/08)
2008        Feb 3, In Somalia a roadside bomb killed eight civilians and wounded nine others when it exploded near a minibus full of passengers in war-ravaged Mogadishu.
    (AP, 2/3/08)
2008        Feb 3, In Sri Lanka a female suicide bomber attacked the main railway station in the capital of Colombo, killing at least 15 people and wounding 93 others. The dead included 7 students and their baseball coach killed on the eve of Freedom Day.
    (AP, 2/3/08)(AFP, 2/5/08)(Econ, 2/9/08, p.66)
2008        Feb 3, Thailand's new PM Sundaravej said he will also become the defense minister in a soon-to-be unveiled Cabinet to deter the military from staging a coup against his government.
    (AP, 2/3/08)

2009        Feb 3, Michigan Gov. Jennifer Granholm announced a new $54 million movie production facility to be built at a former GM facility in Pontiac. The state offered $15 million in film related tax credits and as much as $101 million in state credits over 12 years.
    (WSJ, 2/3/09, p.B2)
2009        Feb 3, Sayed Ansari, spokesman for the Afghan National Directorate of Security, said the service has broken up a cell of suicide bombers allegedly responsible for six attacks in Kabul that killed 20 civilians. He also said those arrested had links to a Pakistani-based jihadist group, Harakat ul-Mujahedeen, and Sirajjudin Haqqani, an eastern Afghan insurgent leader.
    (AP, 2/3/09)
2009        Feb 3, In Australia PM Kevin Rudd announced a $27 billion stimulus package. Australia’s Parliament passed the bill on Feb 13.
    (www.youtube.com/watch?v=8sz_2IM3K80)
2009        Feb 3, In Brazil hundreds of riot police occupied one of Sao Paulo's biggest slums following a night of clashes in which three police officers were shot. Residents said the clashes were a response to the police killing of a man on Feb 1 in Paraisopolis.
    (AP, 2/3/09)
2009        Feb 3, In Brazil Ocelio Alves de Carvalho was killed on the Kulina Indian reservation. An Indian who witnessed the killing, and tried to stop it, arrived at the police station to report the alleged murder the next day. The witness said body parts were roasted and eaten.
    (AP, 2/10/09)
2009        Feb 3, The Bank of England said high-street banks had borrowed 185 billion pounds since April to help to free up the home-lending market.
    (AFP, 2/3/09)
2009        Feb 3, In Colombia leftist rebels freed their fifth hostage in three days. Ex-governor Alan Jara (51), held for 7½ years, said that President Alvaro Uribe and the guerrillas are equally to blame for the country's still-festering conflict.
    (AP, 2/4/09)
2009        Feb 3, In Greece a suspected left-wing terror group attacked a police station in Athens, shooting at the building and throwing a hand grenade.
    (AP, 2/3/09)
2009        Feb 3, Indonesia’s central bank cut its key interest rate a half point to 8.25%.
    (WSJ, 2/4/09, p.A10)
2009        Feb 3, Eluana Englaro (37), a woman at the center of Italy's right-to-die debate, was transferred to a hospital where she is to be allowed to die after 17 years in a vegetative state.
    (AP, 2/3/09)
2009        Feb 3, A medium-range rocket from Gaza landed in the Israeli city of Ashkelon. Hamas said it is ready to commit to a yearlong cease-fire with Israel in exchange for a full opening of Gaza's border crossings, ahead of a new round of talks with Egyptian mediators in Cairo.
    (AP, 2/3/09)
2009        Feb 3, Kyrgyzstan said it would end the US lease of an air base that supports military operations in Afghanistan. Kyrgyzstan President Kurmanbek Bakiyev announced his intention to shut the base, at least for the moment, after Russia agreed to provide Kyrgyzstan with $2 billion in loans plus another $150 million in financial aid. The lease deal obliges Kyrgyzstan to give the US 180 days notice to clear the base.
    (AP, 2/4/09)
2009        Feb 3, In Mexico the bodies of retired Mexican General Mauro Enrique Tello and two other men were found in a sport utility vehicle abandoned on a highway outside of Cancun. All had been shot many times. Octavio Almanza, the suspected head of the Zetas in Cancun, was later arrested on suspicion of masterminding Tello's killing.
    (AP, 2/3/09)(SSFC, 2/8/09, p.A4)(AP, 2/11/09)
2009        Feb 3, Islamist militants blew up a bridge in northwestern Pakistan, cutting a major supply line for Western troops in Afghanistan in the latest in a series of attacks on the Khyber Pass by insurgents seeking to hamper the US-led mission against the Taliban.
    (AP, 2/3/09)
2009        Feb 3, Hamas policemen broke into an aid warehouse in Gaza City and confiscated 3,500 blankets and more than 4,000 food parcels meant for 500 families after UN officials refused to voluntarily hand it over to the Hamas-run Ministry of Social Affairs. Ahmad Kurd, the Hamas Minister of Social Affairs countered that the U.N. had been handing out relief to groups tied to Hamas' opponents.
    (AP, 2/4/09)
2009        Feb 3, A Russian military Mi-24 helicopter gunship crashed about 700 kilometers (450 miles) southeast of Moscow,  killing all three people aboard.
    (AP, 2/3/09)
2009        Feb 3, The Kremlin said Russia and Belarus will create a new military system to monitor and defend their air space.
    (WSJ, 2/4/09, p.A10)
2009        Feb 3, The hardline Somali Islamist group Shebab called on its fighters to intensify their holy war against African Union (AU) peacekeepers.
    (AP, 2/3/09)
2009        Feb 3, Spanish police arrested 13 people on suspicion of links to organized crime and terrorism groups.
    (AP, 2/3/09)
2009        Feb 3, In Sri Lanka patients who could walk fled one of last functioning hospitals in the northern war zone after it was hit by artillery shells, while the Red Cross negotiated for the evacuation of those severely wounded. The military said it captured the Tamil Tigers' seventh and final airstrip, effectively grounding their tiny air force.
    (AP, 2/3/09)

2010        Feb 3, The US government estimated that health care consumed a record 17.3% of all spending in the US economy last year.
    (SFC, 2/4/10, p.A6)
2010        Feb 3, In NYC Aafia Siddiqui, a 37-year-old Pakistani-born mother and neuroscientist trained at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, was found guilty of two counts of attempted murder, armed assault, using and carrying a firearm and assault of US officers and employees and faces up to 60 years in prison. Siddiqui was arrested in July 2008 by US forces in Ghazni, Afghanistan on accusation of being a suicide bomber and alleged possession of "chemical and gel substances" for bomb making.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aafia_Siddiqui)
2010        Feb 3, In San Francisco Timothy Syed Anderson (66), billed as a dermatologist, was charged with 51 counts including practicing medicine without a license and grand theft through deception. He had been implicated in fraud in Sweden, before he left the country in 1996.
    (SFC, 2/4/10, p.A1)
2010        Feb 3, In Vallejo, Ca., Amarjit Kaur (39), a widow raising 3 children, was found shot in the chest and slumped behind the wheel of a Tony’s Ice Cream truck. Two days later a boy (14) was arrested on suspicion of attempted murder and robbery. On Feb 18 another boy, Peter Montenegro (15), was charged as an adult in the shooting. Kaur was recovering from her wound. In 2011 Montenegro was sentenced to 7 years to life for attempted murder and 10 years for using a gun.
    (SFC, 2/20/10, p.C2)(SFC, 11/24/11, p.C3)
2010        Feb 3, In Florida Stephen Schafer (38) died following a shark attack off an Atlantic coast beach about 100 miles north of Miami.
    (SFC, 2/5/10, p.A9)
2010        Feb 3, Afghan and NATO forces killed 32 suspected militants in southern Helmand province, the focus an imminent anti-Taliban offensive. Three Afghan soldiers were killed and four others wounded.
    (AP, 2/4/10)
2010        Feb 3, New African Union President Bingu wa Mutharika of Malawi said that food security, transport infrastructure and energy will be his priorities.
    (AFP, 2/3/10)
2010        Feb 3, "L'homme qui marche I" (Walking Man I), a 1961 life-size bronze statue of a man by Swiss artist Alberto Giacometti (1901-1966), smashed the world record for an art work at auction, selling in London for £65,001,250.
    (AFP, 2/4/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alberto_Giacometti)
2010        Feb 3, China’s official Xinhua News Agency reported that Lekang Dairy Company general manager Zhang Wenxue and vice general managers Zhu Shuming and Tong Tianhu have been charged with manufacturing and selling tainted milk powder in the latest crackdown. Xinhua quoted Health Minister Chen Zhu as saying "all melamine-tainted milk products will be found and destroyed," as part of the current 10-day crackdown.
    (AP, 2/3/10)
2010        Feb 3, The EU backed Greece's “stability and development" plan to shrink a massive budget gap as "achievable," but warned it would demand tougher cutbacks if Athens does not stick to promised spending curbs and reforms.
    (AP, 2/3/10)(Econ, 2/6/10, p.55)
2010        Feb 3, Iran announced it has successfully launched a research rocket carrying a mouse, two turtles and worms into space. The launch of the rocket Kavoshgar-3, which means Explorer-3 in Farsi, was announced by Defense Minister Gen. Ahmad Vahidi to mark the National Day of Space Technology.
    (AP, 2/3/10)
2010        Feb 3, An Iraqi appeals court struck down a ban imposed on hundreds of candidates for suspected ties to Saddam Hussein's regime, allowing them to run in next month's election. A bomb planted on a parked motorcycle ripped through a crowd of Shiite pilgrims, killing at least 20 people and wounding more than 100, as hundreds of thousands of pilgrims made their way to an important annual Shiite religious observance. Hours earlier, two separate roadside bombs targeting Shiite pilgrims exploded in Baghdad, killing one and wounding seven others. A senior security official said agents arrested 13 suspects believed involved in making explosive belts for suicide attacks.
    (AP, 2/3/10)
2010        Feb 3, Israel announced that British and American architects were named winners of its prestigious Wolf Prize. British architect David Chipperfield was recognized for overseeing the reconstruction of Berlin's Neues Museum in a building that had been abandoned since World War II. American architect Peter Eisenman designed the Holocaust Memorial in Berlin, inaugurated in 2005.
    (AP, 2/3/10)
2010        Feb 3, The Lithuania’s Ministry of Finance announced that Standard & Poor’s (S&P) Ratings Services has revised its outlook on Lithuania by increasing it from negative to stable.
    (http://irzikevicius.wordpress.com/)
2010        Feb 3, Mexico’s Agriculture Dept. said private companies there have begun the first legal plantings of genetically modified corn.
    (SFC, 2/4/10, p.A2)
2010        Feb 3, At The Hague appeals judges said the International Criminal Court was wrong when it decided that Sudan's Pres. Omar al-Bashir can't be charged with genocide in Darfur. The unprecedented ruling could lead al-Bashir's indictment with humanity's worst crime.
    (AP, 2/3/10)
2010        Feb 3, New Zealand police warned that local teenager (19), who says she auctioned her virginity online for $32,000 to raise tuition money, did not break any laws but it might be risky for her to follow through on the deal. Prostitution is legal in New Zealand under laws considered more liberal than many countries. Prostitution among consenting adults is allowed in brothels and on the streets, and offering sexual services in print ads and online is also legal.
    (AP, 2/3/10)
2010        Feb 3, In Pakistan a bomb killed 3 US soldiers, 3 children and a Pakistani soldier. 45 people, including 40 school girls, were wounded in the attack outside a girls school near Swat Valley. The Taliban claimed responsibility and threatened more attacks on Americans.
    (Reuters, 2/3/10)
2010        Feb 2, Somali pirates hijacked a North Korean cargo ship with an unknown number of crew on board. The MV Rim, owned by White Sea Shipping of Libya, was seized in the Gulf of Aden, outside the internationally recommended transit corridor patrolled by the anti-piracy naval coalition. The crew of one Romanian and 9 Syrians fought their way free on June 2 with the help of Ahmed, a pirate cook, who had smuggled food to the crew and then guns.
    (AP, 2/3/10)(SFC, 6/19/10, p.A3)
2010        Feb 3, South Africa's polygamist Pres. Jacob Zuma confirmed that he recently fathered a child with a woman who is not one of his three wives or fiancee, and criticized those who said his actions undermined the country's campaign against HIV/AIDS. The nation of about 50 million has an estimated 5.7 million people infected with HIV, more than any other country.
    (AP, 2/3/10)
2010        Feb 3, In Sri Lanka thousands of opposition supporters took to the streets of the capital to protest the results of the recent presidential election, which they say was marred by fraud.
    (AP, 2/3/10)
2010        Feb 3, The Swiss government approved the resettlement of two Chinese inmates at Guantanamo as part of its commitment to help President Barack Obama's administration close the detention center.
    (AP, 2/3/10)
2010        Feb 3, Ukraine's security service said 5 Russian FSB agents were detained last month after being caught trying to obtain confidential military information from a Ukrainian citizen. The FSB said the Ukrainian citizen its agents were working with had himself been apprehended in November while allegedly spying on neighboring Moldova's Moscow-backed breakaway Trans-Dniester republic.
    (AP, 2/3/10)

2011        Feb 3, The US military said Awal Gul (48), an Afghan prisoner at Guantanamo Bay, collapsed and died, apparently from natural causes, after exercising inside the jail. Gul fell in the shower Feb 1 after working out on an elliptical machine in Camp 6, a communal section of the Guantanamo reserved for well-behaved prisoners, and died at the base hospital. He was an "an admitted Taliban recruiter" who operated an al-Qaida guesthouse and had met several times with Osama bin Laden. Gul resigned from the Taliban more than a year before the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, because he considered them "corrupt and abusive." He was arrested by US forces in December 2001 when he voluntarily traveled to meet with American military officials in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/4/11)
2011        Feb 3, Int’l. groups that coordinate Internet addresses officially allocated the last blocks of IPv4 addresses to regional registries. A new 128-bit address system, IPv6, will begin testing on June 8.
    (SFC, 2/4/11, p.D6)
2011        Feb 3, Algeria's President Abdelaziz Bouteflika said the state of emergency, in force for the past 19 years, will be lifted in the very near future.
    (AFP, 2/3/11)
2011        Feb 3, Australia's biggest cyclone in a century shattered entire towns after pummeling the coast and churning across the country. One man asphyxiated while sheltering inside during the massive cyclone and become the storm's first fatality.
    (AFP, 2/3/11)(AP, 2/3/11)
2011        Feb 3, Bangladesh police said they have arrested four Islamic clerics after Mosammet Hena (14) was whipped to death for allegedly having an illicit relationship with a married man, who escaped his 100 lashes. The girl collapsed after she was lashed in public with a bamboo cane about 70 times on Jan 31.
    (AP, 2/3/11)
2011        Feb 3, British lawmakers demanded an explanation into why 1.85 million pounds ($2.99 million) of foreign aid money helped pay for the pope's visit to the U.K. last year.
    (AP, 2/3/11)
2011        Feb 3, Allison Cox, a former nanny employed by the boss of a chain of British sex shops, pleaded guilty to spiking her employer's soup with windshield washer fluid. She admitted contaminating Jacqueline Gold's food in an attempt to get the household's chef in trouble.
    (AP, 2/3/11)
2011        Feb 3, In northeast China a fire set off by fireworks to celebrate the Lunar New Year destroyed a five-star hotel in Shenyang, capital of Liaoning province.
    (AP, 2/3/11)
2011        Feb 3, Authorities in Congo arrested four foreigners, an American, a Frenchman and two Nigerians, suspected of planning to smuggle millions of dollars of gold out of the country's lawless east. Army general Bosco Ntaganda, wanted by the ICC for recruiting child soldiers, received $6.5 million in cash for the gold, over 400kg, which was seized.
    (Reuters, 2/7/11)(Econ, 2/12/11, p.54)
2011        Feb 3, In Dagestan a small bomb exploded in the capital, Makhachkala, killing a city official involved in razing illegal structures. In Kabardino-Balkariya a traffic policeman died after being shot the night before while he and a partner were checking a motorist's documents.
    (AP, 2/3/11)
2011        Feb 3, Egypt's embattled government announced a slew of measures aimed at defusing a bloody revolt and taking back the initiative, as protesters battled pro-regime militants for control of Cairo's Tahrir Square and spurned an offer for talks. Egypt’s military rounded up journalists after they came under attack from supporters of President Hosni Mubarak who have been assaulting anti-government protesters. An army tank moved against supporters of Mubarak as they hurled rocks at anti-Mubarak protesters in central Cairo, prompting cheers from demonstrators battered by overnight fighting that killed six. State news agency MENA said Egypt's public prosecutor has issued a travel ban on some ministers from the former government and at least one former ruling party official, and froze their bank accounts. Vodafone accused the Egyptian authorities of using its network to send pro-government text messages to its subscribers, without clear attribution.   
    (AFP, 2/3/11)(AP, 2/3/11)(Reuters, 2/3/11)
2011        Feb 3, Haitian electoral officials dropped Jude Celestin, the government-backed candidate from the upcoming presidential runoff, ending a standoff with international powers over the results of a first-round of voting that was marred by fraud and disorganization. Former first lady Mirlande Manigat and musician Michel Martelly will contest a presidential run-off next month as the country moved ahead with its dispute-plagued elections process.
    (AP, 2/3/11)(Reuters, 2/3/11)
2011        Feb 3, An Indian court granted police the right to detain arrested ex-telecom minister A. Raja for five days as investigators probe one of the country's biggest ever corruption cases.
    (AFP, 2/3/11)
2011        Feb 3, In Iraq the 8-year-old son of a local anti-terrorism chief was killed in a food market by gunmen aiming for his father in Tuz Khormato. A demonstration near the southern city of Diwaniyah left four people wounded when police fired into the air to disperse a crowd.
    (AP, 2/4/11)(AFP, 2/16/11)
2011        Feb 3, In southern Italy Matthias Kaspar Schepp (43), a Canadian-born resident of Switzerland, was found dead by a railway station of an apparent suicide. Swiss police said they still had no evidence of the whereabouts of his twin daughters, Alessia and Livia (6), reported missing on Jan 30. The girls were last seen on a ferry to the French island of Corsica four days before their father apparently killed himself in Italy.
    (SFC, 2/8/11, p.A5)(AP, 2/9/11)
2011        Feb 3, In Japan a proposed merger was announced between Nippon Steel, Japan’s largest steelmaker, and rival Sumitomo Metals.
    (Econ, 2/5/11, p.76)
2011        Feb 3, Jordan's King Abdullah II widened his political outreach and met with the Muslim Brotherhood for the first time in nearly a decade.
    (SFC, 2/4/11, p.A2)
2011        Feb 3, Kazakhstan President Nursultan Nazarbayev signed into law a measure allowing early presidential elections. The measure allows for the vote to be held on two months' notice. The constitutional court rejected a petition drive for a referendum on keeping him in power for at least another decade.
    (AP, 2/3/11)
2011        Feb 3, In Mexico Morelos Canseco, interior secretary of Tamaulipas state, said the parents of 25 children, found abandoned in Nuevo Laredo, were kidnapped.
    (AP, 2/3/11)
2011        Feb 3, Myanmar's new parliament elected Thein Sein, prime minister in the outgoing military junta, as one of three vice presidents, making him a likely contender for president in the new military-dominated government.
    (AP, 2/3/11)
2011        Feb 3, Nepal's lawmakers elected Jhalanath Khanal as the country's new prime minister, ending a damaging seven-month leadership vacuum in the troubled country.
    (AFP, 2/3/11)
2011        Feb 3, Nigerian militants threatened new attacks on oil facilities, saying they would blow up pipelines and other targets because the government had not addressed "fundamental problems."
    (AFP, 2/3/11)
2011        Feb 3, In the Philippines President Benigno Aquino III ordered a logging moratorium in the country, blaming devastating floods on unmitigated logging and deforestation. A weeklong downpour culminated in raging flash floods that surged through the streets of Jolo's coastal provincial capital, sweeping away stilt houses and damaging hundreds of homes killing at least 5 people. Disaster officials said at least 9 other people have died in floods elsewhere in the Philippines this week, adding to more than 70 lives lost in heavy rainfall between late December and the end of January.
    (AP, 2/4/11)
2011        Feb 3, In the Philippines the military and rebels said hundreds of rival Muslim rebels have clashed over land in the southern Philippines, leaving at least 13 dead and thousands of villagers displaced in the monthlong fighting.
    (AP, 2/3/11)
2011        Feb 3, Sudanese police beat and tear gassed students protesting in Sennar state, the latest in a series of short-lived demonstrations partly inspired by uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt. Police arrested dozens of people near the scene of a planned protest in the capital's Khartoum North suburb.
    (Reuters, 2/4/11)
2011        Feb 3, In southern Thailand suspected Muslim insurgents opened fire on a grocery store, killing five Buddhist bystanders.
    (AP, 2/3/11)
2011        Feb 3, In Thailand a 47-year-old Thai woman died at a hotel. A 23-year-old New Zealand woman died Feb. 6 at the same Downtown Inn in Chiang Mai. Her two female companions, who became sick, recovered. A British couple in their 70s were found in their hotel room at the same hotel on Feb. 19. A later investigation reported exposure to some toxic chemical, pesticides or gas.
    (AP, 8/16/11)
2011        Feb 3, In Turkey a powerful explosion in Ankara collapsed two stories of a factory, leaving at least six people dead and injuring some 30 others. Hours later another explosion killed 6 more people at a paint shop in the same industrial district.
    (AP, 2/3/11)(SFC, 2/4/11, p.A2)
2011        Feb 3, In Yemen tens of thousands of opponents and supporters of the president staged dueling demonstrations. Police opened fire to break up an anti-government protest, and security officials said one protester has been critically wounded.
    (AP, 2/3/11)

2012        Feb 3, The US Labor Dept. said the United States created jobs at the fastest pace in nine months in January and the unemployment rate unexpectedly dropped to a near three-year low, giving a boost to President Barack Obama.
    (Reuters, 2/3/12)
2012        Feb 3, In Colma, Ca., thieves stole 225 bronze vases from Cypress Lawn Memorial Park. On Feb 18 more than 300 more were stolen from another part of the cemetery. All told the vases were valued at over $85,000.
    (SFC, 3/1/12, p.C2)
2012        Feb 3, A storm swept across Colorado forcing the cancellation of some 600 flights at Denver’s airport. The storm dumped up to 6 feet of snow in some areas of eastern Colorado.
    (SFC, 2/4/12, p.A5)
2012        Feb 3, In Idaho Micron CEO Steve Appleton (51 died after his small experimental plane crashed following takeoff at the Boise airport.
    (SFC, 2/4/12, p.D2)
2012        Feb 3, A Minnesota food company said it is recalling more than a million hard-cooked eggs distributed to 34 states after testing revealed some may be contaminated with listeria.
    (AP, 2/4/12)
2012        Feb 3, Actor Ben Gazzara (81), known for his brooding tough-guy presence in dozens of films, television shows and stage productions over his long career, died of pancreatic cancer at a Manhattan hospital. Gazzara made his film debut as a sociopathic military academy cadet in the 1957 drama "The Strange One," followed by his breakout role as an accused killer in Otto Preminger's 1959 hit courtroom drama "Anatomy of a Murder."
    (Reuters, 2/3/12)
2012        Feb 3, In Afghanistan an American soldier shot and killed an Afghan guard at a base in the country's north, apparently because the American thought the guard was about to attack him.
    (AP, 2/4/12)
2012        Feb 3, Major flooding hit parts of Australia's east, stranding thousands of residents, prompting a military airlift and leaving some communities only accessible by helicopter.
    (AFP, 2/3/12)
2012        Feb 3, Britain’s Energy Secretary Chris Huhne resigned after learning he would face criminal charges for allegedly lying to police, a fall from grace that could tweak the dynamics of the coalition government and weaken its environmental agenda. Huhne's troubles stemmed from an allegation that after committing a speeding offence in 2003 in Essex, east of London, he asked his then wife Vicky Pryce to take the blame so he would not lose his driving license.
    (Reuters, 2/3/12)
2012        Feb 3, In Cambodia a UN-backed tribunal's Supreme Court lengthened the sentence for the Khmer Rouge's chief jailer, Kaing Guek Eav, known as Duch, to life imprisonment because of his "shocking and heinous" crimes against the Cambodian people.
    (AP, 2/3/12)
2012        Feb 3, In southwestern China an explosion at a coal mine killed 13 miners and injured six at the Diaoyutai mine outside Yibin city in Sichuan province. One miner remained missing.
    (AP, 2/3/12)(AFP, 2/4/12)
2012        Feb 3, In China three Tibetans set themselves alight in remote Phuhu village in the southwestern province of Sichuan. One died and two others were seriously hurt.
    (AP, 2/5/12)
2012        Feb 3, In Cuba Fidel Castro (85) spent six hours presenting a two-volume memoir to an audience at a Havana convention center. His two-tome memoir, "Guerrilla of Time," fills nearly 1,000 pages and covers Castro's life from childhood until December 1958, the eve of the triumph of the Cuban Revolution. It is based on interviews with journalist Katiuska Blanco.
    (AP, 2/4/12)
2012        Feb 3, In Egypt Bedouin gunmen intercepted a tourist minivan and snatched two female American tourists and their Egyptian guide at gunpoint near St. Catherine's Monastery in the Sinai Peninsula. They were released unharmed after several hours. 4 masked gunmen stopped the vehicle of two Italians working for a local food factory in the nearby city of Suez, taking their car, more than 10,000 euros ($13,000) and their laptops. Police in Cairo fired salvos of tear gas and birdshot at protesters angry over a deadly soccer riot as fresh clashes on Egyptian streets killed 5 people. 6 more died of the wounds over the next 24 hours.
    (AP, 2/3/12)(AFP, 2/3/12)(AP, 2/4/12)
2012        Feb 3, The death toll from a severe cold spell in Eastern Europe rose to 222, including 101 in the Ukraine, 37 in Poland, 24 in Romania and 16 in Bulgaria.
    (AFP, 2/1/12)
2012        Feb 3, Iran successfully launched a new small satellite into orbit. The home-made satellite, Navid, or Gospel, was designed to collect data on weather conditions and monitor for natural disasters.
    (AP, 2/3/12)
2012        Feb 3, Iran banned its citizens from traveling to Syria by road following the recent abductions of 29 Iranians in the escalating uprising in its key Middle East ally.
    (AFP, 2/3/12)
2012        Feb 3, In Kenya gunmen opened fire in Garissa, killing two people. In western Kenya a truck crashed into a minibus killing 25 people in Kisumu city.
    (AP, 2/3/12)(AP, 2/4/12)
2012        Feb 3, In Pakistan a large group of 18 Islamist militants attacked a Pakistani army checkpoint near the Afghan border, killing seven paramilitary soldiers and abducting four. Up to 18 insurgents were killed in retaliatory fire during the incident in the Kurram region.
    (AP, 2/3/12)
2012        Feb 3, Puerto Rico's government announced plans to kill as many iguanas as possible and export their meat in hopes of eradicating an imported species that has long vexed residents and entertained tourists. The reptiles were first seen in the wild in Puerto Rico in the 1970s when owners began to release them, and their numbers have since exploded. The US territory estimated it has 4 million iguanas, which is a little more than the island's human population.
    (AP, 2/4/12)
2012        Feb 3, In Somalia refugees and soldiers in Mogadishu's Badbado camp say they watched a surveillance drone crash into a hut made of sticks, corrugated cans and plastic bags. Kenya's military said some 100 Somali militants were killed after helicopter gunships targeted a gathering of more than 200 al-Shabab fighters near Badhade.
    (AP, 2/3/12)
2012        Feb 3, The Central Bank of Sri Lanka hiked its benchmark lending rate by 50 basis points to 9.0%, the first rise since February 2007 when the rate was upped to 12.0% from 11.50%. It also asked commercial banks to reduce lending in the face of a trade deficit.
    (AFP, 2/3/12)
2012        Feb 3, In Syria fighting in Jassem, in the southern province of Daraa, killed at least one soldier and wounded five. Human Rights Watch said in a new report that it has documented at least 12 cases of children detained under "inhumane" conditions and tortured, as well as children shot in their homes or on the street. The Observatory said more than 20,000 people marched in the streets of the southern villages of Dael and Nawa where security forces opened fire to disperse the crowds. The Local Coordination Committees activist group said security forces killed at least 12 people while the Observatory said four people were shot dead.
    (AP, 2/3/12)
2012        Feb 3, Uganda signed production agreements with Anglo-Irish firm Tullow Oil, allowing the company to finalize a long-delayed $2.9 billion asset sale to France's Total and China's CNOOC.
    (AP, 2/3/12)
2012        Feb 3, Ukraine's government blamed Russia for natural gas shortages in some European countries as a severe cold spell grips the region. Germany, Italy and Austria have reported cutbacks in Russian gas supplies, but Russia's energy giant Gazprom has blamed them on Kiev, accusing Ukraine of siphoning off gas destined for European consumers.
    (AP, 2/3/12)
2012        Feb 3, The UN's highest court confirmed that Germany has legal immunity from being sued in foreign courts by victims of World War II Nazi atrocities.
    (AFP, 2/3/12)
2012        Feb 3, Zambian corruption investigators arrested a former minister on theft charges and recorded a statement from ex-president Rupiah Banda's wife in another probe. Mines minister Maxwell Mwale was arrested and charged over the theft of 20 bicycles belonging to small-scale miners. The bicycles were worth 5.5 million kwacha (1,050 dollars, 800 euros) in total.
    (AFP, 2/3/12)

2013        Feb 3, President Barack Obama encouraged the Boy Scouts of America to end its ban on gay members and leaders, days before the group is expected to vote on the controversial and long-standing rule.
    (Reuters, 2/3/13)
2013        Feb 3, In Orange County, Ca., Monica Quan (28) and her fiancé, Keith Lawrence (27), were found shot to death in their car at a parking structure in Irvine. Former Los Angeles police officer officer Christopher Jordan Dorner was a suspect in the killings. Dorner was with the LAPD from 2005-2008, when he was fired for making false statements.
    (AP, 2/7/13)
2013        Feb 3, In California a tour bus crash with two other vehicles left 7 people dead on Hwy. 38 in San Bernadino County.
    (SFC, 2/4/13, p.A16)(SFC, 2/5/13, p.A5)
2013        Feb 3, In New Orleans the Baltimore Ravens defeated the SF 49ers 43-31 in Super Bowl XLVII. The game was delayed for 34 minutes in the 3rd quarter when lights went out in the stadium. Some 109 million people watched the game.
    (SFC, 2/4/13, p.A1)(Econ, 2/9/13, p.67)
2013        Feb 3, Afghan police arrested six men and seized suicide vests, assault rifles and more than 50 hand grenades during a raid on a residential building in central Kabul.
    (AP, 2/3/13)
2013        Feb 3, British PM David Cameron met in London with the presidents of Afghanistan and Pakistan for 2 days of talks to discuss prospects for peace with the Taliban.
    (AP, 2/4/13)
2013        Feb 3, In China Gong Aiai (49), a former bank official from Shaanxi province, was arrested on suspicion of acquiring 41 houses in Beijing.
    (Econ, 2/9/13, p.46)( www.wiki86.com/view/9976143.htm)
2013        Feb 3, In Egypt street vendor Omar Salah (12) was killed during clashes near Tahrir Square. Activists soon accused the government of trying to cover up the death. On Feb 14 the government made a rare admission and apology for mistakenly shooting and killing the boy.
    (AP, 2/14/13)
2013        Feb 3, A French-owned oil tanker, the M/T Gascogne, was reported missing off Ivory Coast with 17 sailors on board. On Feb 6 Sea Tankers said the ship has been released and that 2 workers suffered injuries in the hijacking.
    (AP, 2/4/13)(AP, 2/6/13)
2013        Feb 3, Iranian lawmakers impeached the country's labor minister over his controversial appointment of an official implicated in the deaths of prisoners.
    (AP, 2/3/13)
2013        Feb 3, In Iraq a suicide car bomber joined by other suicide attackers on foot assaulted a provincial police headquarters in Kirkuk, killing at least 16 people and wounding 90 others.
    (AP, 2/3/13)(AP, 2/4/13)
2013        Feb 3, In Mali French troops launched overnight airstrikes on Islamic militant sites around Kidal and Tessalit in Mali's far north.
    (AP, 2/3/13)
2013        Feb 3, In Myanmar Rangoon’s first int’l. literary festival ended after drawing together some 80 Burmese authors.
    (SFC, 2/6/13, p.A2)
2013        Feb 3, In Nigeria 11 people were killed in fighting between nomadic cattle herders and farmers around the village of Ngandum, Adamawa state.
    (AP, 2/4/13)
2013        Feb 3, In the Philippines Moro rebels battled the Abu Sayyaf with guns and knives at close range. Rebels lost eight men, including one who was beheaded and a few others who were hacked to death. Up to 14 Abu Sayyaf men were killed.
    (AP, 2/4/13)
2013        Feb 3, In Syria  Ibrahim Azzouz, a former parliament member, and three members of his family were killed in a rebel-held area near the northern city of Aleppo. Government troops bombarded a building in in Aleppo's rebel-held neighborhood of Eastern Ansari. The Aleppo Media Center, a network of anti-regime activists in the city, said 15 people were killed in the shelling of Eastern Ansari.
    (AP, 2/3/13)

2014        Feb 3, Idaho police arrested dozens of gay rights activists as they pressed for antidiscrimination protections and blocked entrances to the state Senate chambers in Boise.
    (SFC, 2/4/14, p.A4)
2014        Feb 3, St. Louis-based Post Holdings Inc. said it is buying the PowerBar and Musashi brands from Nestle SA, further diversifying its business by expanding into the active nutrition category. Musashi is a leading sports nutrition brand in Australia.
    (AP, 2/3/14)
2014        Feb 3, CAR priest Cassien Kamatari that 75 Christians have been killed during fighting over the last five days in the town of Boda.
    (AP, 2/3/14)
2014        Feb 3, In Costa Rica with 76% of the ballots counted, Centrist Luis Guillermos -- a historian by training and candidate for the Citizen Acton Party (PAC) -- won 30.8% of the vote, narrowly ahead of Johnny Araya from the ruling right-wing National Liberation Party (PLN), who had 29.6%. Solis will now face a ruling party candidate in a run-off vote in April.
    (AFP, 2/3/14)
2014        Feb 3, Egyptian troops backed by helicopters raided suspected militants' hideouts in the northern part of the Sinai Peninsula, killing at least 20 and wounding 25.
    (AP, 2/3/14)
2014        Feb 3, An official EU report said corruption affects all member countries of the European Union and costs the bloc's economies around 120 billion euros ($162.19 billion) a year.
    (AP, 2/3/14)
2014        Feb 3, French comedian Dieudonne M'bala M'bala was banned from entering Britain after he reportedly planned to visit to support Nicolas Anelka over the footballer's use of the "quenelle" gesture. The "quenelle" is Dieudonne's trademark stiff-armed gesture that critics say is a disguised Nazi salute but that he defends as a generic "up yours" to the French establishment.
    (AFP, 2/3/14)
2014        Feb 3, In Germany a group of computer hackers and human rights campaigners announced that they are suing their government for allegedly breaking the law by aiding foreign spies.
    (AP, 2/3/14)
2014        Feb 3, Indonesia’s Mount Sinabung shot hot ash and rocks high into the air again, halting a search for any more victims from its Feb 1 eruption.
    (AFP, 2/3/14)
2014        Feb 3, Iran’s state news said a first tranche of $550 million in sanctions relief agreed to under an interim nuclear deal has been paid into an Iranian Central Bank account in Switzerland.
    (Reuters, 2/3/14)
2014        Feb 3, Iraqi army troops and allied tribesmen killed 57 ISIL fighters in Anbar province. A series of attacks in and around Baghdad, including a spate of car bombings, killed 17 people.
    (Reuters, 2/3/14)(AFP, 2/3/14)
2014        Feb 3, Haaretz newspaper said Israel has offered Turkey $20 million in compensation to the families of those killed and wounded in its botched 2010 raid on a Gaza-bound flotilla.
    (AFP, 2/3/14)
2014        Feb 3, Kenyan police fired tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse Muslim youths rioting for a second day in protest against a raid on a mosque used by firebrand preachers in the port city of Mombasa.
    (Reuters, 2/3/14)
2014        Feb 3, In Lebanon a suicide bomber detonated an explosive belt inside a public minibus in Choueifa, home to a mixed Christian and Druze population, killing at least one person.
    (AFP, 2/3/14)
2014        Feb 3, Libyan PM Ali Zeidan said he has ordered the army to lift the blockade imposed by protesters on the main oil terminals in the east of the country.
    (AFP, 2/3/14)
2014        Feb 3, Macedonia's parliament adopted a bill imposing chemical castration on repeat offenders convicted of sexually abusing children. On Feb 5 the country's leading child protection group said that the law is still too lenient.
    (AP, 2/5/14)
2014        Feb 3, A Palestinian official accused Jewish settlers in the West Bank of attacking olive groves belonging to Palestinians and uprooting some 1,700 seedlings.
    (AP, 2/3/14)
2014        Feb 3, Peruvian officials said more than 400 dead dolphins were found last month on its northern Pacific coast.
    (SFC, 2/4/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 3, In Russia a Moscow high-school student shot a teacher and a police officer dead and held more than 20 other students hostage in a classroom in a possible revenge attack. The student was disarmed and detained less than two hours after the shooting following negotiations aided by his father.
    (Reuters, 2/3/14)
2014        Feb 3, A pest control company which has been killing stray dogs in Sochi for years said that it has a contract to exterminate more of the animals throughout the Olympics.
    (AP, 2/3/14)
2014        Feb 3, Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah issued a royal decree that punishes citizens who fight in conflicts outside the kingdom with prison sentences ranging from 3 to 20 years.
    (SFC, 2/4/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 3, Al Qaeda's general command said it had no links with the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), in an apparent attempt to reassert its authority over fragmented Islamist fighters in Syria's civil war.
    (Reuters, 2/3/14)
2014        Feb 3, In Tunisia a gun battle began after police raided a house in Tunis where weapons, explosives and suicide bomb belts were found. By the next day 7 Islamist militants and a policeman were killed. The dead included Kamel Ghadghadi, a senior member of the banned Islamist militant group Ansar al-Shariah.
    (Reuters, 2/4/14)(SFC, 2/5/14, p.A3)
2014        Feb 3, Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovich returned to his desk after four days of sick leave, while the political opposition pressed for further concessions to end more than two months of street protests.
    (Reuters, 2/3/14)
2014        Feb 3, The UN launched a bid to raise $2.0 billion (1.48 billion euros) from international donors in 2014 to help more than 20 million people threatened by famine in Africa's Sahel region.
    (AFP, 2/3/14)
2014        Feb 3, In Yemen gunmen abducted a Westerner identified by a police source as a British oil worker in Sanaa.
    (Reuters, 2/3/14)

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