Today in History - February 8

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412        Feb 8, St. Proclus, Patriarch of Constantinople, was born. [see 411]
    (HN, 2/8/98)

421        Feb 8, Flavius Constantine became emperor Constantine III of Roman Empire West.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1250        Feb 8-1250 Feb 11, The Battle of Al Mansurah was fought between crusaders led by Louis IX, King of France, and Ayyubid forces led by Emir Fakhr-ad-Din Yussuf, Faris ad-Din Aktai and Baibars al-Bunduqdari.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Al_Mansurah)

1400        Feb 8, The Knights of the Cross with the assistance of Vytautas and the hercog of Lotaringia defeated Samogitia for the 1st time.
    (LHC, 2/8/03)

1577        Feb 8, Robert Burton (d.1640), writer, Anglican clergyman (Anatomy of Melancholy), was born. "A mere madness, to live like a wretch and die rich."
    (AP, 8/19/98)(MC, 2/8/02)

1586        Feb 8, Jacob Praetorius, composer, was born.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1587        Feb 8, Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots (1560-67), was beheaded at age 44 in Fotheringhay Castle for her alleged part in the conspiracy to usurp Elizabeth I. In 2004 Jane Dunn authored "Elizabeth and Mary: Cousins, Rivals, Queens." In 2006 studies identified an oil painting of Mary as the only one made of Mary as queen.
    (HN, 2/8/99)(PCh, 1992, p.203)(USAT, 2/5/04, p.5D)(SFC, 8/18/06, p.E2)

1600        Feb 8, Vatican sentenced scholar Giordano Bruno to death.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1601        Feb 8, The armies of Earl Robert Devereux of Essex drew into London.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1612        Feb 8, Samuel Butler (d.1680), England, poet, satirist (Hudibras) was baptized.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1622        Feb 8, King James I disbanded the English parliament.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1672        Feb 8, Isaac Newton read his 1st optics paper before Royal Society in London.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1690        Feb 8, Some 200 French and Indian troops burned Schenectady, NY, and massacred about 60 people to avenge Iraquois raids on Canada.
    (AH, 2/05, p.17)

1691        Feb 8, Carlo di Girolamo Rainaldi (79), Italian architect, composer, died.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1693        Feb 8, A charter was granted for the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Va.
    (AP, 2/8/99)

1709        Feb 8, Giuseppi Torelli (50), Italian composer, died.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1712        Feb 8, L. Joseph de Montcalm de Saint-Veran, French general in America, was born. [see Feb 29]
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1725        Feb 8, Peter I (52) "the Great" Romanov, czar of Russia (1682-1725), died. [see Jan 28]
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1740        Feb 8, Clement XII (87), [Lorenzo Corsini], blind Pope (1730-40), died.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1741        Feb 8, Andre-Ernest-Modeste Gretry, composer, was born.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1749        Feb 8, Jan van Huysum (66), Dutch still life painter, died.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1776        Feb 8, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's "Stella" premiered in Hamburg.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1789        Feb 8, Ludwig Wilhelm Maurer, composer, was born.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1796        Feb 8, China’s Emperor Qianlong (1711-1799) abdicated in favor of his son. Despite his voluntary abdication, from 1796 to 1799 Qianlong continued to hold on to power and the Jiaqing Emperor (d.1820) ruled only in name.
    (Econ, 2/5/11, p.95)(Econ, 2/5/11, p.95)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qianlong_Emperor)

1802        Feb 8, Simon Willard patented a banjo clock.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1807        Feb 8, At Eylau, Poland, Napoleon’s Marshal Pierre Agureau attacked Russian forces in a heavy snowstorm. Like Napoleon, to whom he is most often compared, Alexsandr Suvorov believed that opportunities in battle are created by fortune but exploited by intelligence, experience and an intuitive eye. To him, mastery of the art and science of war was not, therefore, purely instinctive. Napoleon’s forces ran low on supplies at Eylau and ate their horses.
    (HN, 2/7/97)(WSJ, 9/21/05, p.A8)

1817        Feb 8, Richard Stoddert Ewell (d.1872(), Lt Gen (Confederate Army), was born.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1819        Feb 8, John Ruskin (d.1900), writer, critic, artist, Gothic Revivalist (Pre-Raphaelite), was born. His work included "Modern Painter" and "The Stones of Venice."
    (WSJ, 3/6/00, p.A28)(MC, 2/8/02)

1820        Feb 8, General William T. Sherman (d.1891), Union general in America's Civil War, was born. His famous "March to the Sea" changed the face of modern warfare.
    (HN, 2/8/99)(AP, 4/7/99)(MC, 2/8/02)

1828        Feb 8, French author Jules Verne (d.1905) was born. He is considered the father of science fiction. Many of his 19th-century works forecast amazing scientific feats--feats that were actually carried out in the 20th century--with uncanny accuracy. Verne's 1865 book From the Earth to the Moon told the story of a space ship that is launched from Florida to the moon and that returns to Earth by landing in the ocean. Something of a scientist and traveler himself, Verne's 1870 work about a submarine, "Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea," and "Around the World in Eighty Days" also foretold technological advances that seemed fantastic at the time.
    (HNPD, 2/8/99)

1834        Feb 8, Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleyev (d.1907), Russian chemist, was born. He formulated the periodic table of elements.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.324)(HN, 2/8/01)

1837        Feb 8, The Senate selected Richard Mentor Johnson as the vice president of the United States. Johnson was nominated for vice president on the Democratic ticket with Martin Van Buren in 1836. When Johnson failed to receive a majority of the popular vote, the election was thrown into the Senate for the first and only time. Johnson won the election in the Senate by a vote of 33 to 16.
    (AP, 2/8/99)(HNQ, 3/8/99)

1851        Feb 8, Kate (Katherine O'Flaherty ) Chopin (d.1904), American novelist, short story writer, was born. Her work included "The Awakening." She wrote tales of love and passion that presented women testing the boundaries of social convention. "There are some people who leave impressions not so lasting as the imprint of an oar upon the water."
    (AP, 3/11/99)(SFEC, 11/14/99, BR p.5)(HN, 2/8/01)

1861        Feb 8, Delegates from seceded states adopted a provisional Confederate Constitution in Montgomery, Ala.
    (HN, 2/7/97)(MC, 2/8/02)

1862        Feb 8, Union troops under Gen. Ambrose Burnside defeated a Confederate defense force at the Battle of Roanoke Island, N.C.
    (HN, 2/8/99)

1865        Feb 8, Confederate raider William Quantrill and men attacked a group of Federal wagons at New Market, Kentucky.
    (HN, 2/8/00)
1865        Feb 8, Martin Robinson Delany became the 1st black major in US army.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1871        Feb 8, Elections were held in France, unknown to most of the nation's population.
    (www.marxists.org/history/france/paris-commune/timeline.htm)

1878        Feb 8, Martin Buber, German-Israeli philosopher, theologist (Ich und Du), was born.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1883        Feb 8, Louis Waterman began experiments to invent fountain pen.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1886        Feb 8, Two rival leftist organizations, the London United Workmen's Committee and H.F. Hyndman's revolutionary Social Democratic Federation, gave notice of their intention to hold meetings simultaneously in Trafalgar Square. A brief riot occurred and sometimes became referred to as Black Monday.
    (www.sparknotes.com/drama/majorbarbara/section10.rhtml)

1887        Feb 8, US Senator Henry Dawes sponsored the Dawes Severalty Act that authorized the survey of Indian territories in the West, in order that the commonly held tribal lands might be broken up into property allotments of 40 to 160 acres. The Dawes Act gave citizenship to Indians living apart from their tribe. Section Six stated that upon completion of a Land Patent process, the allotment holder will become a United States citizen and "be entitled to all the rights, privileges, and immunities of such citizens." Native Americans in general did not become citizens until the Snyder Act of 1924.
    (NG, 5/95, p.91)(HN, 2/7/97)(AP, 6/2/97)
1887        Feb 8, The Allotment Act (Dawes Act) tried to break up tribal land ownership and awarded individual allotments. Trust accounts were established for both Indian tribes and individual American Indians. The lands were then held in trust, managed by the government and leased out to gas, oil and timber companies. The status of the accounts brought to question in 1996 when the Bureau of Indian Affairs could not account for about 15% of an estimated $450 million held for some 300,000 Indians. In 1999 a federal judge cited Sec. Bruce Babbitt and Robert Rubin in contempt for official deceit in accounting for the trusts that involved some 500,000 Indians.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A12)(SFC, 2/23/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 5/3/99, p.A24)
1887        Feb 8, Luke Short, owner of the classy Fort Worth White Elephant saloon, engaged in a gunfight with Longhair Jim Courtright, gunfighter extraordinaire. Short won.
    (HT, 4/97, p.51)
1887        Feb 8, Aurora Ski Club of Red Wing, Minn., became the 1st US ski club.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1892        Feb 8, Fritz Todt, German Reichs minister (Organization Todt) succeeded by Albert Speer, was born.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1894        Feb 8, The US Enforcement Act was repealed making it easier to disenfranchise blacks.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1895        Feb 8, Tchaikovsky's "Swan Lake," premiered in Petersburg.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1896        Feb 8, Georges Feydeau's "Le Dindon," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1898        Feb 8, John Ames Sherman patented the 1st envelope folding & gumming machine in Mass.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1900        Feb 8, British General Buller was beaten at Ladysmith, South Africa as the British fled over the Tugela River.
    (HN, 2/8/99)

1904        Feb 8, The Russo-Japanese War began. In a surprise attack at Port Arthur, Korea, the Japanese disabled seven Russian warships. During the war, Russia suffered a series of stunning defeats to Japan; the fighting ended with an agreement mediated by President Theodore Roosevelt, who went on to win the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts.
    (HN, 2/7/97)(AP, 2/8/04)

1905        Feb 8, A cyclone hit Tahiti and adjacent islands killing some 10,000 people.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1906        Feb 8, Chester F. Carlson, physicist, was born. He invented xerography, the electrostatic dry-copy process.
    (HN, 2/8/01)
1906        Feb 8, Henry Roth, writer, was born. His work included "Call it Sleep."
    (HN, 2/8/01)

1907        Feb 8, Revolution broke out in Argentina.
    (HN, 2/7/97)

1910            Feb 8, The Boy Scouts of America was incorporated in Washington, D.C. by William D. Boyce, a wealthy Chicago publisher who learned of the "scouts" on a trip to England the previous year.
    (NPR, 7/26/95)(HN, 2/8/98)(AP, 2/8/99)
1910        Feb 8, James W. Coffroth (1872-1943), SF boxing promoter, arrived in SF from London winning a bet that he could make the trip in ten days.
    (www.sandiegohistory.org/journal/v55-4/v55-4levanetz.pdf)

1911        Feb 8, Elizabeth Bishop, poet, was born.
    (HN, 2/8/01)
1911        Feb 8, Victor Herbert's opera "Natoma," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 2/8/02)
1911        Feb 8, US helped overthrow President Miguel Devila of Honduras.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1915        Feb 8, D.W. Griffith's silent movie epic about the Civil War, "The Birth of a Nation," premiered at Clune's Auditorium in Los Angeles. It was based Thomas Dixon’s novel “The Clansman."
    (AP, 2/8/99)(SSFC, 10/25/15, DB p.50)

1916        Feb 8, Demonstrators protested against food shortages in Berlin.
    (HN, 2/7/97)

1917        Feb 8, The British steamship Mantola was torpedoed by a German submarine off the coast of Ireland. All but seven crew members, who drowned when their lifeboat overturned, were rescued by the HMS Laburnum. The ship sank the next day. The British Ministry of War Transport paid a War Risk Insurance Claim for £110,000 (in 1917 value) for silver that was on board when the ship sank. In 2011 Odyssey Marine Exploration discovered the ship.     
    (SFC, 10/11/11, p.A6)(www.shipwreck.net/ssmantola.php)

1918            Feb 8, The World War I first edition of The Stars and Stripes, the weekly newspaper of the American Expeditionary Forces, was published in Paris, France. It was produced weekly by an all-military staff to serve the doughboys under General of the Armies John J. "Black Jack" Pershing. Some of its staff went on to journalistic fame, including Pvt. Harold Ross, who later became the founder and editor of The New Yorker magazine, and sports writer Lt. Grantland Rice. The first paper called The Stars and Stripes was a product of the Civil War, put out by four Union soldiers in 1861. Using the facilities of a captured newspaper plant in Bloomfield, Missouri, they ran off a one-page paper that made just one appearance.
    (http://ww2.pstripes.osd.mil/aboutnew.html)

1920        Feb 8, Swiss men voted against women's suffrage.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1921        Feb 8, Pjotr A. Kropotkin (78), Russian anarchist and son of Prince Alexei Petrovich Kropotkin, died. Books by Peter Kropotkin included “Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution" (1902)
    (www.en.wikipedia.org)
1921        Feb 8, The Turkish Parliament gave the city of Antep the title Gazi ("victorious warrior" – “warrior of the faith"), a day before the city surrendered to the French, in recognition of the valor of its inhabitants during the Turkish War of Independence. Gaziantep, amongst the oldest continually inhabited cities in the world, had withstood a 10-month siege by French forces.
    (Econ, 10/23/10, SR p.14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaziantep)

1922        Feb 8, President Harding had a radio installed in the White House.
    (AP, 2/8/99)

1923        Feb 8, German NSDAP (Nazi Party) Volkischer Beobachter newspaper became a daily.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1924        Feb 8, The gas chamber was used for the first time to execute a murderer. Major D.A. Turner of the US Medical Corps used hydrocyanic gas on an alleged Chinese Tong member named Gee Jon at the Nevada State Prison in Carson City, Nev.
    (HN, 2/8/98)(SFC, 6/27/98, p.E4)(AP, 2/8/99)

1925        Feb 8, Jack Lemmon, actor (Days of Wine & Roses, Missing), was born in Boston, Mass.
    (MC, 2/8/02)
1925        Feb 8, Kaufman's & Berlin's "Cocoanuts," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 2/8/02)
1925        Feb 8, Marcus Garvey entered federal prison in Atlanta.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1926        Feb 8, Neal Cassaday, writer, counterculture proponent, was born.
    (HN, 2/8/01)
1926        Feb 8, Sean O'Casey's "Plough & Stars" opened at Abbey Theater Dublin.
    (MC, 2/8/02)
1926        Feb 8, German Reichstag decided to apply for League of Nations membership.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1927        Feb 8, Stanley Baker, actor (Concrete Jungle, Zorro, Zulu), was born in Ferndale, Wales.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1928        Feb 8, 1st transatlantic TV image was received at Hartsdale, NY.
    (MC, 2/8/02)
1928        Feb 8, Scottish inventor J. Blaird demonstrated color TV.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1931        Feb 8, James Dean, stage and film actor who personified "cool" for young people in the 1950s, was born in Marion, In. His films were Rebel Without a Cause, East of Eden and Giant.
    (HN, 2/8/99)(MC, 2/8/02)

1932        Feb 8, Vincent "Mad Dog" Coll, mobster, was killed by Dutch Schultz gang.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1933        Feb 8, Elly Ameling, soprano (Ilya-Idomeneo), was born in Rotterdam, Holland.
    (MC, 2/8/02)
1933        Feb 8, The 1st flight of all-metal Boeing 247.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1935        Feb 8, Max Liebermann (b.1847), German impressionist painter, graphic artist, died in Berlin. He was associated with several artists’ organizations including the Berlin Secession.
    (www.xs4all.nl/~androom/index.htm?biography/p011740.htm)

1936        Feb 8, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru followed Gandhi as chairman of India Congress Party.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1940        Feb 8, Ted Koppel, American television journalist, was born in Lancashire, England, as Edward James Koppel. His family came to the United States in 1953, and he was naturalized as a US citizen in 1963.
    (http://www.biography.com/articles/Ted-Koppel-9368366)

1941        Feb 8, Japanese armored barges crossed the Strait of Johore to attack Singapore.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1942        Feb 8, Terry Melcher, Rip Chords, Doris Day's son, was born.
    (MC, 2/8/02)
1942        Feb 8, Congress advised FDR that Americans of Japanese descent should be locked up en masse so they wouldn't oppose the US war effort.
    (MC, 2/8/02)
1942        Feb 8, The Japanese landed on Singapore. By 1941, Gen. Yamashita was the commanding general of Japan’s Twenty-Fifth Army. His plans for taking Singapore were already underway.
    (HN, 2/7/97)

1943        Feb 8, British General Wingate led a guerrilla force of "Chindits" behind the Japanese lines in Burma. Detachment 101’s support of Maj. Gen. Orde Wingate’s Chindits and Maj. Gen. Frank Merrill’s Marauders was crucial to the Allied success in Burma and to the eventual victory in Southeast Asia.
    (HN, 2/8/98)(www.chindits.info/)
1943        Feb 8, Red Army recaptured Kursk.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1945        Feb 8, Allied air attack on Goch, Kleef, Kalkar, Reichswald.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1946        Feb 8, Premier Salazar of Portugal forbade opposition parties.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1949         Feb 8, In Hungary Cardinal Mindszenty was sentenced to life imprisonment for high treason.
    (TOH, 1982, p.1949)(EWH, 1968, p.1188)

1952        Feb 8, Elizabeth was formally proclaimed Queen of England following the Feb 6 death of her father, King George VI. Elizabeth was crowned Jun 2, 1953.
    (HN, 2/8/98)(WSJ, 2/13/02, p.A21)

1953        Feb 8, Mary Steenburgen, actress (Parenthood, Time After Time), was born in Newport, Ark.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1954        Feb 8, Caryl Whittier Chessman (34), on death row at San Quentin for kidnapping and attempted rape, had his 1st book accepted for publication: "Cell 2455, Death Row." He was executed May 2, 1960.
    (SFC, 2/6/04, p.E12)

1955        Feb 8, John Grisham, writer (Client, Firm, Pelican Brief), was born.
    (MC, 2/8/02)
1955        Feb 8, Malenkov resigned as USSR premier. Bulganin replaced him.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1956        Feb 8, U.S. banned the launching of weather balloons because of Soviet complaints.
    (HN, 2/7/97)

1959        Feb 8, William J. "Wild Bill" Donovan (76), Office Strategic Services, died.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1960        Feb 8, Congress opened hearings into payola.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1962        Feb 8, The U.S. Defense Department reported the creation of the Military Assistance Command in South Vietnam.
    (HN, 2/7/97)

1963        Feb 8, In Iraq the Baath Party first took power. Right-wing Baathists succeeded in mounting a coup and executed PM Gen. Abdel Karim Qassim. Abdul Salam Arif came to power. This was followed by a massacre of thousands of peasants, communists and trade unionists. The Arab Baath Socialist Party pulled off the coup and ruled Iraq for 9 months.
    (HNQ, 6/20/99)(SFC, 8/6/99, p.D4)(AP, 5/26/03)(AP, 7/13/03)(NW, 9/8/03, p.32)

1964        Feb 8, Peter Shaffer's "Royal Hunt of the Sun," premiered in London.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1965        Feb 8, Pres. Lyndon B. Johnson called for the development and protection of a balanced system of trails to help protect and enhance the quality of the outdoor experience.
    (PCTA, 4/08)
1965        Feb 8, Eastern DC-7B crashed into the Atlantic off Jones Beach, NJ, and 84 people were killed.
    (MC, 2/8/02)
1965        Feb 8, South Vietnamese bombed the North Vietnamese communications center at Vinh Linh.
    (HN, 2/7/97)

1966        Feb 8, In Malaysia the Tugu Negara (national monument) was completed and officially opened by the Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah, the head of state. The sculpture was designed by Austria-born American sculptor Felix de Weldon (1907-2003). It was proclaimed a memorial park dedicated to the 11,000 people who died during the 12-year Malayan Emergency (1948-1960). Thereafter, a wreath-laying ceremony takes place at the monument every July 31 on Warriors Day.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tugu_Negara)

1968        Feb 8, George Wallace, the pro-segregation governor of Alabama, entered the US presidential race. Wallace ran as a third-party candidate. He was mainly popular in the deep south, but he was able to attract 14% of the popular vote in the November election.
    (HN, 2/7/97)(www.answers.com/topic/george-wallace)
1968        Feb 8, Robert F. Kennedy said that the US cannot win the Vietnam War.
    (HN, 2/8/98)
1968        Feb 8, At South Carolina State 3 black students were killed in a confrontation with highway patrolmen in Orangeburg, during a civil rights protest against a whites-only bowling alley. Nearly 50 were injured in the Orangeburg Massacre during confrontations with the National Guard. In 2001 Gov. Jim Hodges voiced his regret over the massacre. In 1970 Jack Nelson (1929-2009), LA Times reporter, authored “The Orangeburg Massacre."
    (SFEC, 2/22/98, BR p.8)(AP, 2/8/99)(SFC, 2/9/01, p.A3)(SFC, 10/22/09, p.D6)
1968        Feb 8, In South Carolina Lee Roy Martin, called the editor of a local newspaper, and told him where to find the bodies of two women he'd dumped in the woods. He threatened to kill even more women until he was "shot down like the dog I am." Clues in the area led to Martin's arrest. Martin, dubbed the “Gaffney Strangler," was convicted of four murders and sentenced to four life terms. In 1972, he was stabbed to death in his cell.
    (AP, 7/4/09)

1969        Feb 8, The last edition of Saturday Evening Post was published. It had begun publishing in 1869.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Saturday_Evening_Post)
1969        Feb 8, A meteor shower hit Mexico creating a luminance in the night sky as bright as day. A meteorite weighing over 1 ton fell in Chihuahua, Mexico.
    (http://wapi.isu.edu/geo_pgt/Mod05_Meteorites_Ast/mod5.htm)(TMP, KCTS-Video, 1987)
1969        Feb 8, Mexican graphic artist Leopoldo Mendez (b.1902) died. His work mostly focused on engraving for illustrations and other print work generally connected to his political and social activism.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leopoldo_M%C3%A9ndez)

1971        Feb 8, Nasdaq, a unit of the National Association of Securities Dealers, went live under the leadership of Gordon Macklin (1928-2007).
    (WSJ, 2/3/07, p.A8)
1971        Feb 8, South Vietnamese ground forces, backed by American air power, began Operation Lam Son 719, a 17,000 man incursion into Laos that ended three weeks later in a disaster.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Lam_Son_719)

1973        Feb 8, Pres. Nixon appointed Daniel Patrick Moynihan (1927-2003) ambassador to India.
    (SFC, 11/7/98, p.A2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Ambassador_to_India)
1973        Feb 8, Senate leaders named seven members of a select committee to investigate the Watergate scandal, including the chairman, Sam J. Ervin Jr., D-N.C.
    (AP, 2/8/99)
1973        Feb 8, Max Yasgur (53), owner Woodstock festival farmland, died of a heart attack. In 1969 his dairy farm was the site of the Woodstock Music and Arts Festival. He had offered his land for the festival over the objection of local officials.
    (http://www.deadoraliveinfo.com/dead.nsf/ynames-nf/Yasgur+Max)

1974        Feb 8, The three-man crew of "Skylab" space station returned to Earth after spending 84 days in space.
    (AP, 2/8/99)
1974        Feb 8, Fritz Zwicky (b.1898), Swiss-US astronomer, died. In 1934 he and Walter Baade coined the term "supernova" and hypothesized that they were the transition of normal stars into neutron stars, as well as the origin of cosmic rays.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fritz_Zwicky)

1975        Feb 8, 1800 Unification church couples were wed in Korea.
    (www.signaturebooks.com/excerpts/unification.htm)
1975        Feb 8, Martyn Green (b.1899), English actor (Gilbert & Sullivan, Mikado), died.
    (http://math.boisestate.edu/GaS/whowaswho/G/GreenMartyn.htm)

1978        Feb 8, The deliberations of the Senate were broadcast on radio for the first time as members opened debate on the Panama Canal treaties.
    (AP, 2/8/99)
1978        Feb 8, The BBC TV show Grange Hill, a children’s drama created by Phil Redmond, made its debut.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grange_Hill)

1979        Feb 8, In the Republic of the Congo Denis Sassou Nguesso (b.1943), a member of the Mbochi minority, began 13 years of rule as a Marxist dictator.
    (WSJ, 12/31/98, p.A10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denis_Sassou-Nguesso)

1980        Feb 8, President Jimmy Carter unveiled a plan to re-introduce draft registration.
    (AP, 2/8/00)

1981        Feb 8, Scott Hamilton won the US male Figure Skating championship.
    (http://espn.go.com/abcsports/wwos/highlights/skating.html)

1982        Feb 8, John Hay Whitney (b.1904), US ambassador and newspaper magnate, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Hay_Whitney)

1983        Feb 8, Baseball ordered Mickey Mantle (1931-1995) to sever ties with Claridge Casino.
    (www.baseball-reference.com/bullpen/February_8)
1983        Feb 8, Champion thoroughbred Shergar was kidnapped in Ireland and never found. Lloyds of London paid $10.6 million insurance.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/9/newsid_2538000/2538595.stm)

1984        Feb 8, Winter Olympics opened in Sarajevo.
    (HN, 2/7/97)

1986        Feb 8, Brian Boitano won the US male Figure Skating championship.
    (http://tinyurl.com/nuoe4)

1988        Feb 8, Jimmy Lee Dill fatally shot and killed Leon Shaw in Birmingham, Alabama, and robbed him of cocaine and about $200. Dill (49) was executed in 2009.
    (SFC, 4/17/09, p.A6)(www.wsfa.com/Global/story.asp?S=10197524&nav=0rde)

1989        Feb 8, Jockey Chris Antley (1966-2000) began a record of 64 consecutive winning days.
    (www.standardbredcanada.ca/news/iss0506/sears0512.html)
1989        Feb 8, In the Azores 144 people were killed when an American-chartered Boeing 707 filled with Italian tourists slammed into fog-covered Santa Maria mountain.
    (AP, 2/8/99)

1990        Feb 8, CBS television temporarily suspended Andy Rooney for his anti-gay and anti-black remarks in a gay magazine interview.
    (HN, 2/8/99)
1990        Feb 8, In NYC a gunman botched an attempt to rob a diamond courier. He then shot and killed Rabbi Chaskel Werzberger in his vehicle and rode off in the vehicle. David Ranta, an unemployed drug addict, was arrested on circumstantial evidence and “uncertain" witness testimony. In 2013 Ranta was freed from his 37.5 year prison sentence.
    (SFC, 2/22/13, p.A7)

1991        Feb 8, Defense Secretary Dick Cheney and Joint Chiefs Chairman Colin L. Powell met with American pilots in Saudi Arabia. Powell drew cheers as he described how allied troops would deal with the Iraqi force in Kuwait: "We’ll cut it off and kill it."
    (AP, 2/8/01)
1991        Feb 8, In Ohio Kenneth Biros (33) raped and killed Tami Engstrom (22) after offering her a ride home from a bar in Trumbull county. He then scattered her body parts in Ohio and Pennsylvania. Biros was executed in 2009.
    (www.forgottenoh.com/Counties/Trumbull/biroshouse.html)    (SFC, 12/9/09, p.A10)

1992        Feb 8, The 16th Olympic Winter Games opened in Albertville, France.
    (AP, 2/8/02)

1993        Feb 8, General Motors sued NBC, alleging that the "Dateline NBC" program had rigged two car-truck crashes to show that 1973-1987 GM pickups were prone to fires in side impact crashes. NBC settled the lawsuit the following day.
    (AP, 2/8/03)

1994        Feb 8, President Clinton's health-care proposal suffered a blow as the Congressional Budget Office released an analysis saying that the plan would not shrink federal deficits, but instead drive them higher.
    (AP, 2/8/99)

1995        Feb 8, US Surgeon General nominee Henry Foster said in an ABC interview he'd performed 39 abortions, more than three times as many as previously stated.
    (AP, 2/8/00)
1995        Feb 8, The U.N. Security Council approved sending 7,000 peacekeepers to Angola to cement an accord ending 19 years of civil war.
    (AP, 2/8/00)
1995        Feb 8, A 6.4 earthquake at Trujillo, Colombia, killed over 46 people.
    (http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/eqlists/sig_1995.html)

1996        Feb 8, NFL and Cleveland allowed Art Modell to move his NFL franchise to Baltimore but he had to leave the Browns' name behind.
    (MC, 2/8/02)
1996        Feb 8, In a ceremony at the Library of Congress, President Clinton signed legislation revamping the telecommunications industry, saying it would "bring the future to our doorstep."
    (AP, 2/8/01)
1996        Feb 8, Rivers overflowed in northern Oregon in the worst flooding in 30 years.
    (WSJ, 2/9/96, p.A1)
1996        Feb 8, John Peter Barlow, Internet activist, issued the “Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace" from Davos, Switzerland.
    (Econ, 12/8/07, p.14)(http://homes.eff.org/~barlow/Declaration-Final.html)

1997        Feb 8, President Clinton announced in his weekly radio address that he was releasing the first of a $200 million program of grants to provide schools with computers and Internet training.
    (AP, 2/8/02)
1997        Feb 8, In Serbia it was reported that a new book by former journalist Slavoljub Djukic: "He, She and Us," was flying off the shelves. The book is about Slobodan Milosevic and his wife Mirjana Markovic.
    (SFC, 2/8/97)

1998        Feb 8, Olga Danilova of Russia won the first gold medal of the Nagano Winter Games in 15-kilometer classical cross-country skiing.
    (AP, 2/8/99)
1998        Feb 8, In Afghanistan new tremors killed up to 250 more people as relief workers struggled to reach the disaster scene.
    (SFC, 2/9/98, p.B2)
1998        Feb 8, Greek Cypriots voted in elections with neither main candidate receiving a necessary majority. Pres. Glafcos Cleridas (78) will face former foreign minister George Lacovou on Feb 15.
    (SFC, 2/9/98, p.A12)
1998        Feb 8, In Iceland Halldor Laxness (b.1902), novelist and Nobel Prize winner, died at age 95. His books included "Independent People" (1946), "the Great Weaver of Cashmere," "Salka Valka," "The Atom Station," and "Paradise Reclaimed."
    (SFC, 2/11/98, p.A24)
1998        Feb 8, In Sierra Leone a jet belonging to West African peacekeepers fired on a tank with a mounted anti-aircraft gun in Freetown and killed 6 people. Nigerian led peacekeepers were moving toward Freetown in an effort to drive the military junta from power.
    (SFC, 2/9/98, p.A12)

1999        Feb 8, The Senate heard closing arguments at President Clinton's impeachment trial, with House prosecutors challenging senators to "cleanse the office" and the president's attorney dismissing the case as one of partisan retribution.
    (AP, 2/8/00)
1999        Feb 8, American Airlines cancelled 400 flights as pilots called in sick. There was pilot concern over pay rates and new pilots coming from the recently merged Reno Air. In April a federal judge fined the pilots' union $46 million.
    (SFC, 2/9/99, p.A3)(SFC, 4/16/99, p.A3)
1999        Feb 8, Nevada lawmakers voted to oppose federal plans for a nuclear storage dump northwest of Las Vegas.
    (SFC, 2/9/99, p.A3)
1999        Feb 8, Iris Murdoch (b.1919), Dublin-born novelist, died. Her husband, John Bayley, published "Iris: A Memoir of Iris Murdoch" in 1998. It was published in the US as "Elegy for Iris."
    (SFC, 2/9/99, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iris_Murdoch)
1999        Feb 8, A French helicopter crashed in Antarctica and 3 people were killed.
    (SFC, 2/9/99, p.A7)
1999        Feb 8, Jordan's King Hussein was laid to rest during a five-hour funeral in Amman attended by dignitaries from all over the world, including President Clinton and former presidents Bush, Carter and Ford.
    (AP, 2/8/00)
1999        Feb 8, In Sudan an independent scientist hired by the owner of the pharmaceutical plant bombed by the US in August found no traces of chemical weapons.
    (SFC, 2/9/99, p.A8)

2000        Feb 8, George W. Bush won the Delaware Republican primary with 51% of the vote.
    (SFC, 2/9/00, p.A3)
2000        Feb 8, Net hackers shut down at least 4 popular Web sites including Amazon.com, eBay, CNN.com and buy.com with "denial of service attacks."
    (SFC, 2/9/00, p.A1)(AP, 2/8/01)
2000        Feb 8, In Zion, Ill., 2 small planes collided and 3 people were killed including Bob Collins, a popular Chicago radio host for WGN-AM. One of the planes crashed into the roof of the Midwestern Regional Medical Center.
    (SFC, 2/9/00, p.A3)
2000        Feb 8, In Chechnya rebels attacked 2 Russian military trains and set off a large battle.
    (WSJ, 2/11/00, p.A1)
2000        Feb 8, At Stansted, England, 4 men escaped from the Afghan hijacked airline as negotiations continued.
    (SFC, 2/9/00, p.A10)
2000        Feb 8, In Lebanon Hezbollah guerrillas killed another Israeli soldier and Israeli warplanes retaliated with attacks on Tyre and Iqlim al-Tuffah.
    (SFC, 2/9/00, p.A10)
2000        Feb 8, In Sri Lanka bombs exploded in 2 buses around Colombo and 2 people were killed and 31 injured.
    (SFC, 2/9/00, p.C3)
2000        Feb 8, In Sudan a government plane bombed the rebel town of Kaouda in the Nuba Mountains and 13 students  under age 14 were reported killed.
    (SFC, 2/9/00, p.C3)

2001        Feb 8, President Bush sent his proposed $1.6 trillion, 10-year tax cut plan to Congress.
    (SFC, 2/9/01, p.A1)(AP, 2/8/02)
2001        Feb 8, A House committee opened hearings into former President Clinton's last-minute pardon of fugitive financier Marc Rich, with former prosecutors complaining that they hadn't been consulted before the pardon was granted.
    (AP, 2/8/02)
2001        Feb 8, The new Disney theme park "Disney’s California Adventure" opened in Anaheim.
    (WSJ, 1/22/01, p.B1)(SFC, 2/8/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 8, In China the cabinet approved a 700-mile rail line to link Lhasa, Tibet, and Qinghai province.
    (WSJ, 2/9/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 8, In Colombia Pres. Pastrana met with FARC leader Manuel Marulanda at Los Pozos.
    (SFC, 2/9/01, p.A16)
2001        Feb 8, In Germany ex-Chancellor Kohl agreed to pay a fine to close a slush fund investigation.
    (WSJ, 2/9/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 8, In Israel 2 blasts from an explosives rigged car injured one woman in Jerusalem. Ehud Barak announced that he would take over Labor Party negotiations to join the Sharon government.
    (SFC, 2/9/01, p.A16)
2001        Feb 8, In Russia the lower house voted to reduce advertising interruptions for TV movies.
    (SSFC, 2/11/01, p.C1)

2002        Feb 8, Pres. Bush opened the 19th Winter Olympic Games as part of a 3-hour ceremony at Rice-Eccles Stadium at the Univ. of Utah campus, which included an emotional tribute to America's heroes, from the pioneers of the West to past Olympic champions to the thousands who perished on Sept. 11, 2001.
    (SFC, 2/9/02, p.A1)(AP, 2/8/03)
2002        Feb 8, In Texas a $60 million casino run by the Tigua Indians was shut down following lobbying efforts by religious activist Ralph Reed and Washington lobbyists Jack Abramoff and Michael Scanlon. Abramoff and Scanlon then persuaded the tribe to pay $4.2 million to lobby Congress to reopen it. Senate hearings on the process opened in 2004.
    (SSFC, 9/26/04, p.A10)
2002        Feb 8, A bankruptcy judge rejected a reorganization plan proposed by Pacific Gas and Electric.
    (SFC, 2/9/02, p.A1)
2002        Feb 8, William T. Dillard (b.1914), founder of Dillard’s department store chain, died in Little Rock, Ark.
    (SFC, 2/11/02, p.B5)(AP, 2/8/03)
2002        Feb 8, Marine Sgt. Todd Sommer (23) died in his home in San Diego. His death was at first ruled a heart attack but later tests found high arsenic levels in his liver. In 2005 his wife, Cynthia Sommers, was charged with 1st degree murder. In 2007 his wife, Cynthia Sommer (33) was convicted of murdering him with arsenic so she could cash in on his $250,000 life insurance policy, some of which she used to have her breasts enlarged.
    (SFC, 12/16/05, p.A2)(AP, 1/30/07)
2002        Feb 8, In Afghanistan Mullah Wakil Ahmed Muttawakil, Taliban foreign minister, surrendered in Kandahar and was turned over to US military.
    (SFC, 2/9/02, p.A14)
2002        Feb 8, Interim Afghan leader Hamid Karzai met with Pakistan Pres. Musharraf in Islamabad and they agreed to bury past misunderstandings.
    (SFC, 2/9/02, p.A14)
2002        Feb 8, In Israel at least 2 Palestinians were killed when a bomb exploded prematurely. In Jerusalem an Israeli woman was stabbed to death while strolling in the Peace Forest. Police caught 4 Palestinians and one died following his arrest.
    (SFC, 2/9/02, p.A7)

2003        Feb 8, In a jab at major US allies, Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld told a security conference in Munich that countries such as France and Germany that favored giving Iraq another chance to disarm were undermining what slim chance existed to avoid war.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2003        Feb 8, The US Navy conducted its last scheduled round of weapons tests on Vieques Island, Puerto Rico. A 2013 report said that the US Navy had fired more than 300,000 munitions in Vieques from the mid-1940s to 2003, taking control of 77 percent of the land.
    (SFC, 2/10/03, p.A9)(AP, 5/1/13)
2003        Feb 8, In Australia 750 nude women formed a heart around the words 'No War' near the town of Byron Bay to protest possible war with Iraq.
    (AP, 2/8/03)
2003        Feb 8, Augusto Monterosso (81), Honduras-born Guatemalan writer, died in Mexico City. His work included "Perpetual Movement" (1972); "The Letter E: Fragments of a Diary" (1987); and "The Magic Word" (1983).
    (SFC, 2/10/03, p.B5)
2003        Feb 8, The chief UN arms inspectors arrived in Baghdad for a new round of crucial talks with Iraqi officials.
    (AP, 2/8/04)
2003        Feb 8, In Iraq gunmen posing as defectors from an Islamic extremist group killed  Gen. Shawkat Haji Mushir, a political leader of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and two other Kurdish officials.
    (AP, 2/9/03)
2003        Feb 8, Philippine troops killed at least eight Abu Sayyaf rebels during a clash with the guerrillas in the southern town of Patikul.
    (AP, 2/9/03)
2003        Feb 8, Nearly 2 million Muslims converged on Mecca for the annual pilgrimage. Some of the faithful offered prayers to avert a U.S.-led war on Iraq.
    (AP, 2/8/03)
2003        Feb 8, Tens of thousands of Venezuelans marched in support of 9,000 oil workers fired for leading a two-month strike against President Hugo Chavez that battered the economy of this oil-dependent nation.
    (AP, 2/8/03)

2004        Feb 8, At the Grammy Awards, rap funksters OutKast won album of the year for "Speakerboxxx-The Love Below" and Beyonce took home a record-tying five trophies.
    (AP, 2/8/05)
2004        Feb 8, President Bush denied marching America into war under false pretenses and said in an interview on NBC's "Meet the Press" the U.S.-led invasion was necessary because Saddam Hussein could have developed a nuclear weapon.
    (AP, 2/8/05)
2004        Feb 8, John Kerry won the Maine caucuses.
    (SFC, 2/9/04, p.A1)
2004        Feb 8, In northeastern Afghanistan 4 days of fighting between rival warlords over control of the drug trade left 7 dead and 8 wounded.
    (SFC, 2/9/04, p.A3)
2004        Feb 8, In Brazil 49 inmates slipped through a bathroom wall of a Rio de Janeiro jail cell in an escape caught on a surveillance camera. Authorities suspended six prison guards.
    (AP, 2/9/04)
2004        Feb 8, US Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld visited Croatia and thanked Pres. Stipe Mesic for Croatia's small military police contingent (50) in Iraq.
    (AP, 2/8/04)
2004        Feb 8, Socialist voters across Greece cast symbolic ballots to hand the party's leadership to Foreign Minister George Papandreou.
    (AP, 2/8/04)
2004        Feb 8, In Suwayrah, Iraq, a bomb inside a police station exploded soon after the morning roll call, killing 3 police officer and injuring 11 others.
    (AP, 2/8/04)
2004        Feb 8, A UN team met with Iraqi leaders to discuss the feasibility of early legislative elections, and its leader pledged to do "everything possible" to help the country regain its sovereignty.
    (AP, 2/8/04)
2004        Feb 8, In New Zealand some 3,400-gallons of fuel spilled in a fjord listed as a World Heritage site. Officials the next day said the spill in Milford Sound fjord was "eco-terrorism and economic sabotage" against the country's lucrative tourism industry.
    (AP, 2/8/04)
2004        Feb 8, Swiss voters approved a measure to put into effect some of Europe's harshest laws on violent criminals and pedophiles.
    (SFC, 2/9/04, p.A3)

2005        Feb 8, An earlier-than-usual Mardi Gras festival opened in New Orleans with sparse crowds.
    (AP, 2/8/06)
2005        Feb 8, It was reported that a 1991 memo from Merck showed that senior executives were concerned that the vaccines of an expanded immunization program contained an elevated dose of mercury by as much as 87 times the maximum guidelines for daily consumption of mercury from fish. Thimersol, an anti-bacterial compound in the vaccine, was nearly 50% ethyl mercury, a neurotoxin. The vaccine program was later tied to elevated cases of autism.
    (SFC, 2/8/05, p.A5)
2005        Feb 8, Ian Wilmut, the scientist who created Dolly the sheep, the world's first cloned mammal, was given a license to clone human embryos for medical research. Therapeutic cloning research has been legal in Great Britain since 2001.
    (AP, 2/8/05)
2005        Feb 8, George Herman (85), longtime CBS newsman, died in Washington.
    (AP, 2/8/06)
2005        Feb 8, Keith Knudsen (56), Doobie Brothers drummer who was part of the band during a string of hits that included "Taking it to the Streets" and "Black Water," died of pneumonia.
    (AP, 2/9/05)
2005        Feb 8, Jimmy Smith (b.1928), reigning “Emperor of the Hammond Organ," died in Scottsdale, Az. Smith established the Hammond B-3 organ as a legitimate jazz instrument.
    (SFC, 2/10/04, p.B7)
2005        Feb 8, In northwest Colombia Marxist rebels killed at least 17 soldiers during clashes, the military's heaviest battle toll in two years. At least 11 guerrillas also died in the fighting.
    (AP, 2/9/05)(Econ, 2/26/05, p.36)
2005        Feb 8, UNICEF said that it was providing urgently needed aid for 50,000 people caught up in an upsurge in fighting in Congo.
    (AP, 2/8/05)
2005        Feb 8, Danes voted in parliamentary elections dominated by competing strategies for strengthening the country's cradle-to-grave welfare state and tightening immigration. Danes re-elected center-right PM Rasmussen for a 2nd term.
    (AP, 2/8/05)(WSJ, 2/9/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 8, In Sharm El-Sheik, Egypt, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon and Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas declared that their people would stop all military and violent attacks against each other, pledging to get peace talks back on track. The Palestinian militant group Hamas said it would not be bound by the cease-fire declarations.
    (AP, 2/8/05)
2005        Feb 8, Cairo’s 2-week book fair ended. During the two-week fair, police confiscated leftist books and arrested three people protesting any renewal of Hosni Mubarak's presidency.
    (AP, 2/9/05)
2005        Feb 8, Herve Gaymard, France's finance minister, announced new measures designed to boost confidence, stimulate growth and tackle the "scandalously high" 9.9% jobless rate.
    (AP, 2/8/05)
2005        Feb 8, A suicide bomber blew himself up in a crowd of Iraqis outside an army recruitment center, killing 21 other people and injuring 27 more.
    (AP, 2/8/05)
2005        Feb 8, A Web posting in the name of a militant group in Iraq claimed to have executed Italian female journalist Giuliana Sgrena.
    (AP, 2/8/05)
2005        Feb 8, In Kuwait Amer Khlaif al-Enezi, the alleged ringleader of a terror group accused of plotting to attack Americans and Kuwaiti security forces, died of heart failure while in prison.
    (AP, 2/9/05)
2005        Feb 8, Officials said Italian real estate services company Norman 95 has won a 300-million-euro (384-million-dollar) contract to develop a luxury holiday resort on the Libyan coast.
    (AFP, 2/8/05)
2005        Feb 8, A confrontation between rival gangs in an overcrowded Peruvian prison left five inmates dead and at least 18 others wounded.
    (AP, 2/8/05)
2005        Feb 8, In Lome, Togo, a strike called by opposition parties shut down the capital’s main market and other businesses.
    (AP, 2/8/05)

2006        Feb 8, President Bush condemned deadly rioting sparked by cartoons of the prophet Muhammad as he urged foreign leaders to halt the spreading violence.
    (AP, 2/8/07)
2006        Feb 8, In the 48th annual Grammy Awards U2 captured five Grammy awards for their album "How to Dismantle An Atomic Bomb," including album of the year.
    (SFC, 2/9/06, p.A2)(AP, 2/8/07)
2006        Feb 8, The NY Times reported that Representative Heather Wilson of New Mexico, who chairs the House Subcommittee on Technical and Tactical Intelligence, said in an interview that she had "serious concerns" about the Bush administration's domestic spying program.
    (AFP, 2/8/06)
2006        Feb 8, Steve Fossett (61) soared out over the Atlantic from Cape Canaveral, Fla., on a quest to break the 25,000-mile record for the world's longest aircraft flight. The 80-hour voyage would break the airplane distance record of 24,987 miles set in 1986 by the lightweight Voyager aircraft piloted by Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, as well as the balloon record of 25,361 miles set by the Breitling Orbiter 3 in 1999.
    (AP, 2/9/06)
2006        Feb 8, Afghanistan lauded a decision by the United States, Russia and Germany to cancel its debts to the three countries, totaling more than $10 billion.
    (AP, 2/8/06)
2006        Feb 8, In Afghan police shot four protesters to death to stop hundreds from marching on a southern US military base, as Islamic organizations called for an end to deadly rioting across the Muslim world over drawings of the Prophet Muhammad.
    (AP, 2/8/06)
2006        Feb 8, Australia and New Zealand vowed to work to build a single economic market on the back of strengthening trade ties, but stopped short of endorsing a single currency.
    (AP, 2/8/06)
2006        Feb 8, China's Ministry of Health announced one more human case of bird flu, bringing the number of the country's confirmed cases in humans to eleven.
    (AP, 2/8/06)
2006        Feb 8, A deputy minister said  Ecuador is not likely to extend a deal that allows the United States to use an anti-narcotics air base on its territory due to a surge in sentiment against the American military presence.
    (AP, 2/8/06)
2006        Feb 8, Egypt's antiquities chief announced that American archaeologists from the Univ. of Memphis have uncovered an 18th Dynasty tomb in Egypt's Valley of the Kings, the first uncovered there since King Tutankhamen’s in 1922. The 18th Dynasty ruled from around 1560 B.C. to 1085 B.C.
    (AP, 2/9/06)
2006        Feb 8, A dispute over the fate of an ancient Muslim cemetery in Jerusalem threatened to ignite tensions as workers removed skeletons from the site despite Muslim pleas for the work to end. Israeli developers and archaeologists were removing the tombs to make room for the Los Angeles-based Simon Wiesenthal Center to build a multi-million-dollar Museum of Tolerance, dedicated in part to promoting understanding among different religions.
    (AP, 2/8/06)
2006        Feb 8, The Italian Senate approved a bill that would dramatically increase the number of women elected to parliament in a country with one of the lowest number of female lawmakers in Europe.
    (AP, 2/9/06)
2006        Feb 8, Japan and North Korea ended five days of high-level talks aimed at establishing diplomatic relations without any agreements, citing major differences on the North's abduction of Japanese nationals and its nuclear program.
    (AP, 2/8/06)
2006        Feb 8, Kenya’s government and the UN said  Kenya needs $221.5 million in aid to help feed 3.5 million people threatened by starvation due to drought and avoid a "massive humanitarian catastrophe."
    (AP, 2/8/06)
2006        Feb 8, In Libya the leaders of Sudan and Chad signed a peace agreement to end increasing tension over Sudan's Darfur region, pledging to normalize diplomatic relations and deny refuge to each other's rebel groups. A communique issued by Sudan, Chad and Libya, as well as Burkino Faso, Congo and the Central African Republic, whose leaders attended the talks, said a committee of African countries overseen by Libya would monitor the implementation of the deal.
    (AP, 2/9/06)
2006        Feb 8, A rebel attack and an army shooting of protesters marred Nepal's first elections in seven years, as few voters turned out at schools, shrines and temples for municipal balloting seen as a referendum on the king. At least six people were killed.
    (AP, 2/8/06)
2006        Feb 8, The World Organization for Animal Health said the deadly H5N1 bird flu virus has been detected on a large commercial chicken farm in Nigeria, the first reported outbreak in Africa. Researchers later reported that 3 different strains of bird flu had entered Nigeria and most closely resembled those identified in Egypt, Mongolia and Russia.
    (AP, 2/8/06)(SFC, 7/6/06, p.A6)
2006        Feb 8, Hundreds of Palestinians attacked an international observer mission in Hebron, throwing stones and smashing windows as dozens of foreigners were trapped inside.
    (AP, 2/8/06)
2006        Feb 8, Khaled Batch, a leader of the militant Islamic Jihad group, said the group rejects the idea of a long-term truce with Israel and will not join a Hamas-led government. Islamic Jihad, which is believed to be funded, in part, by Iran, boycotted last month's Palestinian parliament election.
    (AP, 2/8/06)
2006        Feb 8,  In Thailand skydivers from 31 countries set a new world record of 400 people holding hands in a midair free-fall formation.
    (AP, 2/8/06)

2007        Feb 8, A federal judge in Fargo, N.D., sentenced Alfonso Rodriguez Jr. to death for the slaying of college student Dru Sjodin.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2007        Feb 8, The Museum for African Art unveiled plans for a new home in Manhattan, becoming the first major addition to New York's Museum Mile in 50 years.
    (Reuters, 2/8/07)
2007        Feb 8, Anna Nicole Smith (b.1967), former Playboy centerfold (Miss May 1992) and wife of former oil tycoon J. Howard Marshall II (1905-1995), died in Florida. Authorities later said Smith died of an accidental drug overdose of nine prescription medications, but an extensive six-week investigation found no signs of foul play. In 2010 her psychiatrist and boyfriend were convicted of conspiracy for filling her demands for prescription drugs.
    (AP, 2/8/07)(SFC, 2/9/07, p.A1)(AP, 3/26/07)(SFC, 10/29/10, p.A6)
2007        Feb 8, Joe Edwards (85), comics artist, died at his home in NY. He worked on the 1942 debut issue of Archie comics and later created the character Li'l Jinx.
    (AP, 2/14/07)
2007        Feb 8, Benin, Nigeria, and Togo formed a new regional body aimed at fast-tracking the integration of their economies. The body, known as the Co-Prosperity Alliance Zone (COPAZ), was formally inaugurated following a mini-summit of Nigeria’s President Olusegun Obasanjo, Benin’s President Boni Yayi and Togo’s President Faure Gnassingbe.
    (AFP, 2/8/07)
2007        Feb 8, In Cape Verde 3 Italian women, aged 17-33, were brutally attacked while vacationing, dragged into the woods, pelted with stones and left for dead at the bottom of a hole. One woman survived. 3 local men were arrested.
    (AP, 2/10/07)
2007        Feb 8, State media said officials in eastern China plan to name and shame rich families who ignore the country's strict one-child policy and simply pay the fine for having a second or third baby. China executed Ismail Semed, an ethnic Muslim and member of the Uighur minority group in Xinjiang, for alleged separatist activities. Human rights groups condemned because they said the prosecution's case against him lacked evidence and his confession may have been coerced.
    (AP, 2/8/07)(AP, 2/9/07)
2007        Feb 8, Cuba deported reputed drug kingpin Luis Hernando Gomez Bustamante to Colombia, which plans to extradite him to the United States to face trafficking and money laundering charges.
    (AP, 2/9/07)
2007        Feb 8, In France teachers, tax collectors, railway workers and other public servants went on strike to protest job losses and demand higher pay.
    (AP, 2/8/07)
2007        Feb 8, India’s air force chief S.P. Tyagi told reporters at the Bangalore air show that the government expects to sign a contract to buy 40 Russian Sukhoi-30 aircraft by the end of the fiscal year March 31.
    (AFP, 2/8/07)
2007        Feb 8, An object fell from the sky and killed 3 nomads in northern India’s Rajasthan state. The impact left a crater and the object was believed to have been a meteor.
    (SFC, 2/17/07, p.B6)
2007        Feb 8, In Indonesia fresh rains triggered more flooding, compounding the misery for hundreds of thousands forced from their homes. Irwandi Yusuf, a former rebel leader, was inaugurated as governor of Aceh province, cementing a peace deal to end 29 years of fighting that killed more than 15,000 people.
    (AP, 2/8/07)
2007        Feb 8, Iraqi forces detained a senior Health Ministry official accused of corruption and helping to funnel millions of dollars to Shiite militiamen blamed for much of the recent sectarian violence in the capital. A parked car bomb exploded at a meat market in the predominantly Shiite town of Aziziyah killing 20 people and wounding 45. Car bombs struck Shiite targets in Baghdad and south of the capital. Gunmen burst into two houses belonging to Sunni Muslims northeast of Baghdad and killed at least 10 males after pushing the women and children aside. In northern Iraq a late night US airstrike hit a Kurdish position in Mosul, killing at least eight Kurdish troops and wounding six. The US military said it was looking into the report. A separate US airstrike killed eight suspected terrorists and destroyed a building south of Baghdad. A US airstrike killed 13 insurgents in a volatile area west of Baghdad. Local officials said 45 civilians, including women and children, died in the attack.
    (AP, 2/8/07)(AP, 2/9/07)
2007        Feb 8, China’s President Hu Jintao arrived in Mozambique on the penultimate stop in his 8-nation African tour.
    (AFP, 2/8/07)
2007        Feb 8, Nepal's government decided to replace the image of embattled King Gyanendra with an image of Everest, the world's highest mountain, on 10 rupee (13 cent) bills.
    (AFP, 2/9/07)
2007        Feb 8, North Korea agreed in principle to take initial steps toward dismantling its nuclear programs at the start of international talks seeking the first concrete progress on disarming Pyongyang.
    (AP, 2/8/07)
2007        Feb 8, Welding equipment touched off an explosion at a West Bank gas station, killing at least eight people and wounded 17.
    (AP, 2/9/07)
2007        Feb 8, A Fatah official in Saudi Arabia said that rival Palestinian factions had reached an agreement on how to divide up Cabinet posts in a power-sharing government.
    (AP, 2/8/07)
2007        Feb 8, South Africa, burdened with one of the world's major HIV/AIDS epidemics, unveiled plans for its biggest AIDS vaccine trial.
    (Reuters, 2/8/07)
2007        Feb 8, President Chen Shui-bian said the name 'Taiwan' would soon replace 'China' on the island's stamps, a move likely to anger Beijing.
    (AP, 2/8/07)
2007        Feb 8, President Hugo Chavez's government moved to nationalize Venezuela's largest private electric company, signing an agreement to buy a controlling stake in Electricidad de Caracas from its US-based owner, AES Corp.
    (AP, 2/8/07)

2008        Feb 8, Pres. Bush reached his lowest approval rating in an Associated Press-Ipsos poll as only 30% said they like the job he is doing, including an all-time low in his support by Republicans. Congress' approval fell to just 22%, equaling its poorest grade in the survey.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 8, It was reported that Exxon Mobil Corp. has obtained a court order freezing over $12 billion in bank accounts and assets in Europe, the Caribbean and New York belonging to Venezuela’s state oil company in a dispute over compensation for expropriated assets.
    (WSJ, 2/8/08, p.A3)
2008        Feb 8, The Nebraska Supreme Court ruled 6-1 that the electric chair is cruel and unusual punishment. The state planned to seek a new method of execution.
    (SFC, 2/9/08, p.A2)
2008        Feb 8, In Louisiana Latina Williams (23) shot and killed 2 fellow students, Karsheika Graves (21) and Taneshia Butler (26), at Louisiana Technical College.
    (SFC, 2/9/08, p.A4)
2008        Feb 8, The Nebraska Supreme Court declared the electric chair unconstitutional.
    (Econ, 2/16/08, p.39)
2008        Feb 8, A suicide car bomber blew himself up near a convoy of Afghan troops, killing one soldier and a child who was nearby. Another four soldiers and a child were also wounded in the attack in central Ghazni province.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 8, Australia's widely criticized "Pacific Solution" policy of holding asylum seekers on remote islands ended when the last detainees flew out of Nauru to live in Australia.
    (AFP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 8, In western Austria a fire engulfed a home for the elderly, killing at least 11 people.
    (AP, 2/9/08)
2008        Feb 8, Canada said it planned to keep its 2,500-strong military mission in Afghanistan until some time in 2011, two years longer than initially scheduled.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 8, The UN said it is being forced to prepare an imminent pullout from Eritrea and plans to relocate all its peacekeeping troops there across the border in Ethiopia.
    (AP, 2/9/08)
2008        Feb 8, Former UN chief Kofi Annan, who is mediating talks between Kenya's political rivals, said they were close to a deal aimed at ending weeks of postelection bloodshed but no power-sharing agreement had been reached yet.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 8, France’s President Nicolas Sarkozy pledged to send thousands of extra police and more than $700 million in aid to neglected, heavily immigrant neighborhoods that exploded in riots in 2005 and 2006.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 8, In the Indian-controlled part of Kashmir avalanches killed at least eight people and forced hundreds more to leave their snowbound villages.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 8, Iraqi President Jalal Talabani welcomed an expected Russian decision to write off 91 percent of Iraq's estimated $13 billion debt, calling it a "historic turning point" in relations between the two countries. 5 American soldiers were killed in two roadside bombings, 4 in Baghdad and one in Tamim province.
    (AP, 2/8/08)(AP, 2/9/08)
2008        Feb 8, In New Zealand a knife-wielding woman (33), originally from Somalia, tried to hijack a regional domestic flight, stabbing both pilots and threatening to blow up the twin-propeller plane before she was subdued.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 8, A presidential statement said Nigeria has approved a new policy requiring gas producers to direct a part of their output to the domestic market, rather than exporting it.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 8, Scotland Yard released a report saying that Pakistan's opposition leader Benazir Bhutto died as a result of a suicide bomb blast, not a gunshot. The findings supported the Pakistani government's version of the events.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 8, Palestinian militants launched nearly 20 rockets at Israel hours after Israel began cutting electricity to the Gaza Strip in an attempt to halt the barrages.
    (AP, 2/8/08)
2008        Feb 8, In Rwanda members of the Chamber of Deputies (Lower House) of Parliament voted in favor of a controversial new law aimed at stopping "genocide ideology," a term for the outlook that perpetrators of genocide foster to fan divisive hate campaigns between different groups of Rwandans. Parliament adopted the law in June.
    (www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp1_375_Rwanda)(http://tinyurl.com/dnxogn)
2008        Feb 8, In Sri Lanka gunbattles along the front lines in the northern districts of Jaffna, Mannar and Vavuniya killed 41 Tamil Tiger rebels and three soldiers.
    (AP, 2/9/08)
2008        Feb 8, The Sudanese military said it bombed 3 towns in West Darfur while striking at rebel forces. Rebels said Sudanese government aircraft, army and militia attacked towns in West Darfur state, causing heavy civilian casualties. A rebel chief said Sudanese troops backed by Janjaweed militia left at least 150 dead and wounded in the assault. A Sudanese employee of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) was killed in Darfur. On March 20 the UN accused the Sudanese army of looting towns and raping girls and women during the attacks on Sirba, Sileia and Abu Suruj. The attacks killed at least 115 people and caused some 30,000 to flee their homes.
    (AP, 2/8/08)(AFP, 2/8/08)(AFP, 2/12/08)(SFC, 3/21/08, p.A11)
2008        Feb 8, Officials said that the WTO has ruled against the EU's import tariffs for bananas, possibly opening the door to millions of dollars in US commercial sanctions.
    (AP, 2/8/08)

2009        Feb 8, Coldplay’s “Viva la Vida" won the Grammy for song of the year. Robert Plant and Alison Krauss' unorthodox partnership yielded rich rewards on Grammy night, as the pair nabbed five awards for their haunting "Raising Sand," including record and album of the year honors.
    (WSJ, 2/9/09, p.A1)(AP, 2/9/09)
2009        Feb 8, In Fort Bragg, Ca., Aaron Vargas (31) shot and killed Darrell McNeill (63), a former neighbor. McNeill, a former boy Scout leader and Big Brother, had begun molesting Vargas at age of 11 and continued as Vargas grew into his 20s. 12 other men soon came forward with stories of molestation by McNeill. On April 6, 2010, Vargas pleaded no contest to voluntary manslaughter charges. On June 15 Vargas was sentenced to 9 years in prison.
    (SSFC, 2/21/10, p.A1)(SFC, 4/7/10, p.A1)(SFC, 6/16/10, p.A1)
2009        Feb 8, In Illinois a broken holding tank at a Caterpillar plant near Joliet spilled some 65,000 gallons of oil sludge and contaminated a 30-mile section of the Des Plaines River.
    (SFC, 2/9/09, p.A6)
2009        Feb 8, A single-engine plane carrying six US citizens crashed into the Atlantic Ocean off the north coast of Puerto Rico.
    (AP, 2/9/09)
2009        Feb 8, In Afghanistan two American soldiers died when a roadside bomb they were trying to defuse exploded. An Afghan interpreter and a policeman also died in the blast. a roadside bomb ripped through a police vehicle in Khogyani district, near the border with Pakistan, killing two police and wounding three civilians. A suicide bomber attacked a group of Afghan soldiers in southwestern Nimroz province, killing one soldier and two civilians.
    (AP, 2/8/09)(AP, 2/9/09)
2009        Feb 8, In eastern Bangladesh a ferry boat sank after colliding with a larger ferry on the Titas River, killing 10 women and children.
    (AP, 2/8/09)
2009        Feb 8, In London the film "Slumdog Millionaire", the rags-to-riches tale of a Mumbai tea boy who wins big, swept the board at the British Academy Film Awards (BAFTAs) with seven prizes including best film.
    (AP, 2/8/09)
2009        Feb 8, China’s government said that there was no end in sight for its worst drought in five decades. Some 4.4 million people lacked adequate drinking water in the north as winter wheat withered.
    (SFC, 2/9/09, p.A2)
2009        Feb 8, Sigurdur Helgason (b.1921), former Icelandic airline CEO (1974-1984), died on the Caribbean private island of Mustique. He pioneered cheap flights that carried legions of backpackers between Europe and the United States in the 1960s and '70s.
    (AP, 2/21/09)
2009        Feb 8, In Iraq Spc. James M. Dorsey (23) of Beardstown, Ill., was found unresponsive by fellow troops in Baghdad and attempts to resuscitate him were unsuccessful.
    (AP, 2/12/09)
2009        Feb 8, Kuwait's Central Bank governor unveiled a $5.15 billion economic stimulus package aimed at helping struggling investment companies and offering bank loan guarantees.
    (AP, 2/8/09)
2009        Feb 8, Pakistani Taliban militants released a graphic video showing the beheading of a Polish engineer whom they said was killed because Islamabad refused to free detained insurgents. Piotr Stanczak had been seized in the volatile northwest on September 28.
    (AFP, 2/8/09)
2009        Feb 8, Two rockets fired by Palestinian militants struck southern Israel, violating an informal truce even as Israel and Gaza's Hamas rulers appeared to hurry closer to a long-term cease-fire deal two days before Israeli elections.
    (AP, 2/8/09)
2009        Feb 8, In Somalia at least three civilians were killed when insurgents attacked African Union forces and government troops in the strife-torn capital Mogadishu.
    (AFP, 2/8/09)
2009        Feb 8, In Sri Lanka an official said more than 15,000 civilians have fled the northern war zone over the last three days, as government forces appeared poised to crush the separatist Tamil Tigers.
    (AP, 2/8/09)
2009        Feb 8, Voters in Switzerland approved an expanded labor deal with the European Union that allows Romanians and Bulgarians to work in the Alpine republic.
    (AP, 2/8/09)

2010        Feb 8, The US federal government was shuttered while the Mid-Atlantic region dug out from as much as three feet of snow that left tens of thousands without power and blocked trains, planes and cars, with another storm looming.
    (AP, 2/8/10)
2010        Feb 8, The Obama administration said it will spend $78.5 million on efforts to contain the Asian carp, which threatened to endanger the Great Lakes’ $7 billion fishing industry.
    (SFC, 2/9/10, p.A4)
2010        Feb 8, In California a federal judge sentenced Dongfan Chung (74), a Chinese-born engineer, to over 15 years in prison for economic espionage. During his career at Boeing Co. and Rockwell Intl. He had hoarded sensitive information about the space shuttle and a booster rocket and was arrested on Feb 11, 2008,  for allegedly passing classified documents to China.
    (SFC, 2/9/10, p.A4)
2010        Feb 8, At Cape Canaveral, Florida, Endeavour and six astronauts rocketed into orbit on what's likely the last nighttime launch for the shuttle program, hauling a new room and observation deck for the International Space Station.
    (AP, 2/8/10)
2010        Feb 8, Boeing Co.’s 250-foot 747-8 freighter, the biggest plane it has ever built, successfully completed its first flight from Paine Field, in Everett, Wash.
    (SFC, 2/9/10, p.A4)
2010        Feb 8, John Murtha (b.1932), Pennsylvania’s Democratic representative, died in Arlington, Va., following complications from gall bladder surgery. He had won a special House election in 1974 to become the first Vietnam veteran to serve in Congress.
    (SFC, 2/9/10, p.A6)
2010        Feb 8, Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula number two Said al-Shihri called for attacks against US interests "everywhere," in an audio message released on the Internet.
    (AFP, 2/8/10)
2010        Feb 8, Australia tightened its migration rules in favor of English speakers and professionals, saying the country has been attracting too many hairdressers and cooks and too few doctors and engineers.
    (AP, 2/8/10)
2010        Feb 8, In Australia ITV Studios, producer of "I'm a Celebrity ... Get Me Out of Here," was fined 3,000 Australian dollars ($2,615) after pleading guilty of animal cruelty after two reality show contestants skinned, cooked and ate a rat during filming in Australia.
    (AP, 2/9/10)
2010        Feb 8, The China Daily newspaper reported officials have recalled more than 170 tons of milk powder tainted by the industrial chemical melamine and closed two dairy companies in the northern region of Ningxia. The current 10–day emergency crackdown has made it increasingly clear that many products discovered in the country's 2008 milk scandal were repackaged for sale instead of destroyed.
    (AP, 2/8/10)
2010        Feb 8, China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued new guidelines to local authorities and lifted a ban imposed in December on individuals acquiring .cn domain names. Individuals wanting to set up a website will have to submit identity cards and photos of themselves, as well as meet regulators, before their domain name can be registered.
    (AFP, 2/23/10)
2010        Feb 8, In southern China a bus collided with a sport utility vehicle and plunged down a mountain ravine, killing seven people and injuring 50.
    (AP, 2/8/10)
2010        Feb 8, In Egypt Mahmoud Ezzat, the new deputy leader of the opposition Muslim Brotherhood, and two other top figures were among 16 people arrested by police in a dawn sweep across the country targeting members of the nation's most powerful opposition group. They were accused of trying to set up training camps for staging attacks.
    (AP, 2/8/10)(AP, 2/10/10)
2010        Feb 8, French engineering giant Areva said that it will buy Ausra, a Mountain View, Ca., startup specializing in large-scale solar power.
    (SFC, 2/9/10, p.D1)
2010        Feb 8, In Haiti the UN warned that it will cut off shipments of free medicine beginning immediately to any Haitian hospitals that it finds are charging patients. Evans Monsigrace (28), a rice vendor, survived 27 days trapped under the rubble of a flea market following the devastating Jan 12 earthquake.
    (AP, 2/8/10)(AP, 2/10/10)
2010        Feb 8,  Iran moved closer to being able to produce nuclear warheads with formal notification that it will enrich uranium to higher levels, even while insisting that the move was meant only to provide fuel for its research reactor. The semiofficial ISNA agency said that former deputy foreign minister Mohsen Aminzadeh was sentenced to six years in prison by a Revolutionary court. The defense minister announced that Iran has launched two production lines to build unmanned aircraft with surveillance and attack capabilities.
    (AP, 2/8/10)
2010        Feb 8, Iran said it will cut ties with the British Museum because of the museum's failure to lend Tehran the Cyrus Cylinder, an ancient Babylonian artifact described as the world's earliest bill of rights.
    (AP, 2/8/10)
2010        Feb 8, Israeli security forces raided a Palestinian refugee camp in annexed east Jerusalem, arresting 11 people in an operation police said was aimed at putting "some order" in the area. Israel's Supreme Court ordered authorities to release two foreign activists seized in a Palestinian-controlled part of the West Bank. Ariadna Jove Marti of Spain and Bridgette Chappell of Australia, had been in a pre-dawn raid on their apartment in the heart of Ramallah.
    (AFP, 2/8/10)
2010        Feb 8, In Kashmir 17 Indian soldiers were killed in an avalanche that slammed into a group of 70 combat troops at a high-altitude warfare training camp.
    (AP, 2/8/10)
2010        Feb 8, Mexican federal police arrested Raydel Lopez Uriarte and Manuel Garcia Simental, suspected leaders of the cartel headed by Teodoro Garcia Simental, who was captured in La Paz on Jan. 12. The drug cartel had terrorized Tijuana for several years. The military announced that soldiers had seized more than 12 tons of marijuana found beneath a false floor of a tractor trailer. The drugs were found during a routine search at a checkpoint near San Felipe, a town in the central part of the Baja California peninsula. Federal police arrested five Tijuana police officers along with six cartel members who were holding two rival gangsters captive. The arrests were based on information obtained following the capture of Uriarte and Manuel Garcia Simental. Two of the officers, Francisco Ortega and Juan Carlos Espinoza, had been recently lauded as part of a new breed of honest cop. 3 marines died in a shootout that also killed three suspected gang members in the border town of Reynosa.
    (AP, 2/8/10)(AP, 2/10/10)(AP, 2/24/10)
2010        Feb 8, The Irish National Liberation Army (INLA), a paramilitary group responsible for dozens of murders during Northern Ireland's three decades of sectarian violence, said that it had disarmed.
    (AFP, 2/8/10)
2010        Feb 8, Pakistani authorities arrested 6 suspected Taliban militants with a suicide vest and hand grenades allegedly on their way to kill Americans at the five-star Pearl Continental hotel in Lahore. Police seized 26 hand grenades and five detonators from the militants, who were traveling by car and motorcycle.
    (AP, 2/8/10)
2010        Feb 8, In Sri Lanka opposition politician Rauff Hakeem said former army chief and defeated presidential candidate Sarath Fonseka has been detained on sedition charges.
    (AP, 2/8/10)
2010        Feb 8, Sweden's unemployment agency was found guilty of discrimination for expelling a Muslim man from a job training program because he refused to shake hands with a woman.
    (AP, 2/8/10)
2010        Feb 8, International monitors hailed Ukraine's presidential election as "professional, transparent and honest," increasing pressure on PM Yulia Tymoshenko to concede to opposition leader Viktor Yanukovych, who held a 2.7% point lead with all but 1.7% of the ballots cast counted.
    (AP, 2/8/10)
2010        Feb 8, Venezuela’s Pres. Chavez declared a national emergency in the electricity sector as the worst drought in 50 years dried up water supplies in hydroelectric dams.
    (SFC, 2/10/10, p.A3)
2010        Feb 8, A Yemen military official said 10 soldiers have been killed, most of them by snipers, and 18 wounded in a fresh outbreak of fighting with Shiite rebels in north Yemen.
    (AFP, 2/8/10)

2011        Feb 8, First lady Michelle Obama said her husband hasn't had a cigarette in almost a year.
    (AP, 2/9/11)
2011        Feb 8, In Mississippi a tractor-trailer sideswiped a school bus and collided head on with another school bus south of Oxford. 3 people were killed and at least 10 students were injured.
    (SFC, 2/9/11, p.A5)
2011        Feb 8, Claudia Aderotimi (20), a London woman, died at a Philadelphia hospital at 1:32 a.m., some 12 hours after a botched buttocks enhancement at a Hampton Inn near the Philadelphia Int’l Airport. Authorities sought to question Padge Victoria Windslowe, a self-described Goth hip hop singer know as "Black Madam" from Ardmore, Pa., in the death.
    (Reuters, 2/12/11)
2011        Feb 8, Afghan Pres. Karzai seconded a request by the High Peace Council calling for the release of Mullah Khairullah Khairkhwa, to join in reconciliation talks. Khairkhwa, who has been held at Guantanamo since 2002, was a Taliban interior minister and governor of Herat province during the Taliban government.
    (SFC, 2/9/11, p.A3)
2011        Feb 8, Australian firefighters brought a raging wildfire that destroyed 68 houses and damaged 32 others near the city of Perth under control.
    (AP, 2/8/11)
2011        Feb 8, In Brazil over half a million people, most of them Brazilians, called via petition on newly elected President Dilma to halt plans to construct the Belo Monte Dam. Outside the Presidential Palace, several hundred people gathered in protest including indigenous chiefs in full tribal regalia and community leaders from the Xingu River Basin, and delivered the petition signatures to the Dilma Government.
    (PRNewswire, 2/8/11)
2011        Feb 8, In northeastern Brazil a prison riot, begun a day earlier, ended. 5 prisoners were killed including Jose Agostinho Pereira, who was decapitated by fellow inmates in his cell in the city of Pinheiro. Pereira had been jailed in 2010 for raping and keeping his daughter imprisoned for 12 years in a remote fishing village. He had seven children with her.
    (AP, 6/9/10)(AP, 2/9/11)
2011        Feb 8, Guy Savage (42), owner of Nashville-based Sabre Defense Industries LLC, was detained in London after armed officers shot out the tires of his Mercedes. He was wanted by US authorities investigating illegal weapons trading between 2003 and 2009.
    (AP, 2/15/11)(http://tinyurl.com/5v44er3)
2011        Feb 8, China raised interest rates for the second time in just over six weeks, intensifying a battle in the fast-expanding economy against stubbornly high inflation that threatens to unsettle global markets.
    (Reuters, 2/8/11)
2011        Feb 8, Cuban officials celebrated the arrival of a 1,600km fiber optic cable from Venezuela, whose government put up the $70 million cost. It was expected to become operational this summer.
    (SFC, 2/10/11, p.A2)(Econ, 3/5/11, p.42)(http://tinyurl.com/4zgampd)
2011        Feb 8, In Egypt a massive crowd of anti-government protesters poured into Cairo's Tahrir Square again, joined for the first time by Wael Ghonim, a young leader of the campaign the day after he was released from detention. Egypt's military was not allowing foreign journalists without credentials to enter Cairo's Tahrir Square, part of what an international press watchdog called new obstacles in covering the ongoing crisis. Foreign journalists already with credentials were allowed into the square.
    (AP, 2/8/11)
2011        Feb 8, In Germany state prosecutors in Wuerzburg said a retired German priest (77) has been charged with 50 counts of fraud over the theft of 1 million euros' ($1.4 million) worth of church donations. The former Roman Catholic priest was detained in May on suspicion of taking donations and collection money from his church in Bavaria.
    (AP, 2/9/11)
2011        Feb 8, In India 2 supporters of a Gorkha separatist party were killed and 4 were injured after attacking a group of officers during a protest march in the northeast state of West Bengal.
    (AP, 2/8/11)
2011        Feb 8, In Indonesia more than 1,500 Muslims went on the rampage in Central Java, setting two churches alight and ransacking a school, after a Christian man was sentenced to five years' jail for blaspheming Islam. The group wanted him punished with death.
    (AP, 2/8/11)
2011        Feb 8, Iran's main opposition leaders charged that the Islamic republic is being run by "anti-religion... hooligans," in a statement on the eve of its 32nd anniversary.
    (AFP, 2/8/11)
2011        Feb 8, Iran's oil ministry's reported that daily oil output rose by around 100,000 barrels with the opening of the second phase of Darkhovin field in the southeast of the country.
    (AFP, 2/8/11)
2011        Feb 8, Hussein Abdullahi, Iran's ambassador to Nigeria, said that he had spoken to senior officials of the Nigerian government as soon as an arms shipment was seized last Oct 26 and told them that the intercepted cargo was the third of four Gambia-bound shipments originating from Iran.
    (AP, 2/10/11)
2011        Feb 8, In the Ivory Coast a fire broke out at the economic ministry building in the capital destroying untold numbers of financial records as international sanctions on incumbent leader Laurent Gbagbo, who refuses to give up power, are beginning to take hold.
    (AP, 2/8/11)
2011        Feb 8, Lithuania sent an 8-member team to train Afghan army helicopter pilots. Defense Minister Rasa Jukneviciene said the Lithuanian military could hand over the central Afghan province of Ghor to local forces by the end of 2012. A Lithuanian force of some 150 has been at the helm since 2005 of what is known in NATO jargon as a Provincial Reconstruction Team in Ghor. Lithuania first sent troops to Afghanistan in 2002 after the US-led overthrow of the Taliban regime.
    (AFP, 2/8/11)
2011        Feb 8, Mexican authorities recovered the bodies of five men who were dumped on the side of road in Zacatecas state after their execution-style slaying. The deaths raised to 41 the number of people killed over the weekend in drug-related violence. In Baja California, 10 soldiers were detained for alleged ties to drug traffickers and turned over to federal prosecutors. Alvaro Sandoval Diaz (50) and his wife, Griselda Pedroza Rocha (35), were killed in Puerto Palomas. The couple's 6-year-old daughter witnessed her parents' killings. Last month Sandoval Diaz opened fire on four armed men who arrived to extort money from him, killing three.
    (AFP, 2/8/11)(AP, 2/11/11)
2011        Feb 8, Mexican soldiers rescued 44 Guatemalan migrants who had been locked up by kidnappers in a house in the northern city of Reynosa. 3 Mexican migrants were also rescued.
    (AP, 2/8/11)
2011        Feb 8, Military officers from North and South Korea held talks inside the heavily guarded Demilitarized Zone in the rivals' first official dialogue since the North's deadly artillery barrage of a South Korean island in November.
    (AP, 2/8/11)
2011        Feb 8, In Pakistan strike action forced ailing state carrier Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) to cancel flights to Britain and Turkey, affecting some 1,500 passengers.
    (AFP, 2/8/11)
2011        Feb 8, The Palestinian Authority set long-overdue local council elections for July 9 in both the West Bank and Gaza Strip, the government spokesman said. The rival Hamas government that rules Gaza promptly rejected the move.
    (AP, 2/8/11)
2011        Feb 8, In the Philippines retired Gen. Angelo Reyes (65) apparently committed suicide at his mother's grave. Reyes, who headed the military from 2001 to 2003, was at the center of a congressional probe into one of the biggest corruption scandals to have hit the Philippine armed forces.
    (AP, 2/8/11)
2011        Feb 8, Somali pirates firing guns and rocket propelled grenades hijacked the Savina Caylyn, an Italian oil tanker, and diverted the medium-sized vessel towards Somalia. The tanker was reported freed on Dec 21 along with 22 crew members.
    (AP, 2/8/11)(AP, 12/21/11)
2011        Feb 8, In South Africa a private plane carrying nine people, including the chief executive of tile company Italtile Ltd., crashed in a nature reserve 320 miles east of Cape Town. There were no survivors. The Johannesburg-based retailer of ceramic tiles and bathroom accessories has been publicly traded on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange since 1988.
    (AP, 2/9/11)
2011        Feb 8, In Yemen a suspected US spy drone crashed near the southern town of Loder. Al-Qaeda gunmen in cars intercepted the police and hijacked the wreckage.
    (AP, 2/8/11)

2012        Feb 8, In Texas Antonio Pena-Arguelles, an alleged cartel money-launderer, was arrested in San Antonio. A 13-page DEA affidavit accused him of using US bank accounts to funnel millions to Tomas Yarrington, who served as governor of Tamaulipas state in 1999-2004, from leaders of the Gulf and the Zetas. In 2004-2005 alone, it says, Pena-Arguelles and his brother received $4.5 million from the No. 2 leader of the Zetas, Miguel-Angel Trevino Morales.
    (AP, 2/10/12)
2012        Feb 8, John Fairfax (74), a self-proclaimed "professional adventurer," died near Las Vegas. He became famous in 1969 as the first person to row solo across the Atlantic Ocean. He also rowed across the Pacific with his then-girlfriend Sylvia Cook, an ocean crossing that took him a full year to complete, from April 1971 to April 1972. His exploits inspired two memoirs: "Britannia: Rowing Alone Across the Atlantic" and "Oars Across the Pacific," both published in the early 1970s.
    (AFP, 2/19/12)
2012        Feb 8, In Afghanistan a NATO airstrike reportedly killed 8 children in Kapisa province. On Feb 13 NATO conceded that several children died during the bombing raid.
    (AFP, 2/9/12)(AFP, 2/13/12)
2012        Feb 8, Bolivian authorities seized 17 properties from a provincial clan ostensibly in the gravel business that it suspects of laundering drug money through real estate. Cochabamba police were unable to capture any of the seven wanted brothers of the Cossio Rojas family when they raided the properties.
    (AP, 2/10/12)
2012        Feb 8, The Trident Gang Crime Command, a new specialist Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) unit tackling London gangs, carried out hundreds of raids exactly six months on from the riots that hit the capital, arresting nearly 160 people.
    (AFP, 2/8/12)
2012        Feb 8, Statistics Canada said the Canadian population grew by 5.9 percent over five years to 33.5 million people in 2011, the fastest growth rate in the Group of Eight leading industrialized nations, according to the country's five-year census.
    (Reuters, 2/8/12)
2012        Feb 8, China and Canada signed a series of deals to boost modest levels of bilateral trade and finished negotiations on a foreign investment protection pact after 18 years of talks.
    (Reuters, 2/8/12)
2012        Feb 8, In China reports circulated that Wang Lijun, the deputy mayor overseeing security in Chongqing, may have tried to defect to the US. He was reportedly arrested in Chengdu and flown to Beijing for questioning.
    (SFC, 2/9/12, p.A5)
2012        Feb 8, In China a Tibetan (19) set himself on fire in Sichuan province's Aba prefecture. He was a former monk from the local Kirti monastery, which has been the scene of protests over recent months. The monk was taken to hospital. Radio Free Asia said Tibetan protests erupted in two counties in Qinghai province, with about 1,000 people marching in each.
    (AP, 2/9/12)
2012        Feb 8, An Egyptian production company said "the student members of the Muslim Brotherhood at Ain Shams University had prevented the film crew from the 'Dhat' TV series from shooting the scenes set at the university." The series, adapted from the novel "Dhat" by Egyptian author Sonallah Ibrahim, takes place in the 1970s, "when women wore short clothing."
    (AFP, 2/9/12)
2012        Feb 8, A senior European Union official said the EU will impose harsher sanctions on Syria, as Russia tried to broker talks between the vice president and the opposition to calm violence. Activists reported at least 50 killed in military assaults targeting government opponents in Homs.
    (AP, 2/8/12)
2012        Feb 8, Uttar Pradesh, India's most populous state, went to the polls in a contest pitting Rahul Gandhi (41), the scion of the Gandhi political dynasty, against the ruling party of local low-caste leader Mayawati.
    (AFP, 2/8/12)
2012        Feb 8, In India officials said at least 30 people have died and more are sick after drinking toxic bootleg liquor made from cough medicine in Orissa state.
    (AP, 2/8/12)(AFP, 2/9/12)
2012        Feb 8, Half a million Israeli public and private sector workers went on general strike, shutting down government offices, banks and airport traffic over the rights of contract workers.
    (AFP, 2/8/12)
2012        Feb 8, Japan and the United States agreed to proceed with plans to transfer thousands of US troops out of the southern Japanese island of Okinawa, leaving behind the stalled discussion about closing a major US Marine base there.
    (AP, 2/8/12)
2012        Feb 8, Supporters of the Maldives former president rioted through the streets and seized some police stations to demand his reinstatement as the country's new leader appealed for an end to the political turmoil roiling this Indian Ocean nation. Former leader Mohamed Nasheed and other top party officials were beaten by police in the street chaos.
    (AP, 2/8/12)
2012        Feb 8, In Mali Tuareg rebels said they had seized control of Tinzawaten, a northeastern region, as UN chief Ban Ki-moon urged an end to the fighting amid growing global concern over the unrest.
    (AFP, 2/8/12)
2012        Feb 8, The Mexican army said troops have made an historic seizure of 15 tons of pure methamphetamine in the western state of Jalisco. The find outside Guadalajara is more than four times the size of a major seizure last summer of 3.4 tons (3.1 metric tons) and more than twice the total amount of meth seized in Mexico in 2009, according to a UN report.
    (AP, 2/9/12)
2012        Feb 8, NATO said it has decided to extend until 2018 an operation to protect the airspace of Baltic members Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania with fighter jets.
    (AP, 2/8/12)
2012        Feb 8, In the Netherlands organizers of the legendary Eleven Cities Tour skating marathon ruled the ice is to thin for it to go ahead.
    (AP, 2/9/12)
2012        Feb 8, The Pakistani army held talks with NATO and Afghan forces in an effort to improve coordination along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border, a sign of thawing relations after American airstrikes accidentally killed 24 Pakistani soldiers last year. US drone-fired missiles hit a house in North Waziristan's Spalga village, killing nine people, including some domestic Taliban militants.
    (AP, 2/8/12)
2012        Feb 8, The Palestinian Hamas parliamentary bloc in the Gaza Strip came out against the latest reconciliation deal with rival Fatah, headed by Pres. Abbas. The 31 Gaza lawmakers said the deal is illegal. Hamas risked losing jobs and influence in Gaza under the deal, which was signed in Qatar this week by Abbas and the exiled Hamas leader, Khaled Mashaal.
    (AP, 2/8/12)
2012        Feb 8, In Somalia a suicide car bomber slammed his vehicle into a cafe outside the Muna Hotel, where lawmakers gather in Mogadishu, killing at least 15 people.
    (http://tinyurl.com/89an85t)(AFP, 2/17/12)
2012        Feb 8, Eleven Somalis drowned and another 34 were missing after a smugglers' boat headed for Yemen capsized in the Gulf of Aden. Survivors told how the three smugglers crewmen forced 22 people overboard when the boat's engine failed soon after departure.
    (AFP, 2/10/12)
2012        Feb 8, Switzerland reported seeing a large-scale hike in cigarette-smuggling from Africa where prices are 10 times cheaper.
    (AFP, 2/8/12)
2012        Feb 8, Tunisia's new President Moncef Marzouki arrived in Morocco to push for a revival of a dormant project to unify the Maghreb region on his first foreign tour since taking office.
    (AFP, 2/8/12)

2013        Feb 8, The big storm heading for the Northeast US disrupted air travel, with over 2,100 flights cancelled.
    (AP, 2/8/13)
2013        Feb 8, A federal judge overturned an Arizona law that sought to block funding through the state for Planned Parenthood's healthcare clinics because the group also performs abortions.
    (Reuters, 2/12/13)
2013        Feb 8, in Ohio Samuel Mullet Sr. (67), the ringleader of hair- and beard-cutting attacks on fellow members of his faith, was sentenced to 15 years in prison. Family members convicted of carrying out his orders got sentences ranging from one to seven years.
    (AP, 2/7/13)
2013        Feb 8, In central Bangladesh at least two people died and dozens were rescued after the ML Sarash passenger ferry collided with another ship and capsized on the River Meghna, dumping as many as 100 people into the water.
    (AP, 2/8/13)
2013        Feb 8, In Britain two drug-addicted hit men who went to the wrong address and stabbed a teenager to death in 2010 were sentenced to a minimum of 40 years in jail. Prosecutors said Ben Hope (39) and Jason Richards (38) were paid 1,000 pounds ($1,600) each to kill a man who owed money to a businessman. But the pair killed Aamir Siddiqi (17) on his doorstep instead.
    (AP, 2/8/13)
2013        Feb 8, Canadian police arrested Conservative Senator Patrick Brazeau (38) for alleged domestic violence. PM Stephen Harper, who appointed Brazeau to the Senate in 2008, kicked Brazeau out of the Conservative caucus after he heard about the incident.
    (AP, 2/10/13)
2013        Feb 8, In Halifax, Canada, naval officer Sub-Lt. Jeffrey Delisle (41), who handed over secrets to Russia for more than four years, damaging Canada's relations with the United States and other key allies, was jailed for 20 years.
    (Reuters, 2/8/13)
2013        Feb 8, A Chinese court sentenced a Tibetan man to 13 years in prison for goading a monk to self-immolate. The sentence by a court in Qinghai province followed a news report that the government has detained 70 people in the province's ethnic Tibetan areas.
    (AP, 2/8/13)
2013        Feb 8, Thousands of Egyptians staged rallies in cities across the country to denounce the rule of Islamist President Mohammed Morsi and his fundamentalist Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AP, 2/8/13)
2013        Feb 8, EU leaders agreed to a significantly reduced 7-year budget worth €960 billion ($1.28 trillion) — the first cut in spending in the 27-country group's history.
    (AP, 2/8/13)
2013        Feb 8, Finnish customs officers confiscated a container on a Finnish freighter, en route to Syria from Russia, because it did not have a transit license and found 9.6 tons of tank spare parts.
    (AP, 2/15/13)
2013        Feb 8, In Iraq car bombs struck two outdoor markets and a group of taxi vans in Shiite areas across the country, killing at least 36 people and wounding nearly 100. Tens of thousands of Sunni protesters rallied in five major cities against PM Nouri al-Maliki.
    (AP, 2/8/13)
2013        Feb 8, In Israel the offices of the Beitar Jerusalem soccer team, long-linked to PM Netanyahu’s Likud Party, were set on fire. In January the team had recruited, for the first time in its 75-year history, two Muslim players.
    (SFC, 2/9/13, p.A4)(Econ, 4/13/13, p.52)
2013        Feb 8, In northern Mali French forces wrested Tessalit from control of Islamic insurgents. In Gao the conflict's first suicide bombing increased fears of terror attacks.
    (AP, 2/8/13)
2013        Feb 8, In northern Nigeria gunmen suspected of belonging to a radical Islamic sect shot and killed at least nine women who were taking part in a polio vaccination drive in Kano. Kano state police commissioner Ibrahim Idris immediately ordered the arrest of three radio journalists for allegedly being responsible for the killings. Police claimed on-air comments about a vaccination campaign in the area sparked the attacks.
    (AP, 2/8/13)(AP, 2/12/13)
2013        Feb 8, In northwestern Pakistan a bomb planted near a market killed 16 people and wounded 17 others in Kalaya, the main town in the Orakzai tribal area.
    (AP, 2/8/13)
2013        Feb 8, In Pakistan 6 militants were killed and 3 wounded in a US drone strike on a militant compound. The 3 wounded died overnight. Two were members of al-Qaida and the others belonged to the Pakistani Taliban movement in the Bobar Ghar area of South Waziristan.
    (AP, 2/9/13)
2013        Feb 8, A Moscow city court sentenced Vladimir Kvachkov (64), a retired military intelligence colonel, to 13 years in prison for attempting to organize an armed uprising. Retired police captain, Alexey Kiselev (62), was sentenced to 11 years as a co-conspirator. Prosecutors said they had organized a group who planned to seize power by training crossbow-wielding men to seize military depots and then descend upon Moscow with tanks.
    (AP, 2/8/13)
2013        Feb 8, Senegal officially launched its tribunal investigating former Chadian dictator Hissene Habre for alleged crimes against humanity, a move rights groups called a decisive turning point in the campaign to bring him to justice.
    (AP, 2/8/13)
2013        Feb 8, In Slovenia thousands of people rallied for and against the center-right government, adding to the tensions in the small European Union country where authorities have turned to austerity measures to revive the economy.
    (AP, 2/8/13)
2013        Feb 8, Police in South Africa arrested the "ringleader" of a group of 19 Congolese rebels who now face charges of allegedly plotting a war to unseat Congolese President Joseph Kabila. Prosecutors last week identified Etienne Kabila  as being in charge of the group.
    (AP, 2/10/13)
2013        Feb 8, In South Sudan 103 people were killed in Akobo County when one tribe attacked members of the Lou Nuer ethnic group while cattle were being moved across land. The attackers were believed to be members of the rebel group led by David Yau Yau of  the Murle ethnic group.
    (AP, 2/10/13)
2013        Feb 8, From Syria the Observatory reported clashes and regime shelling in the southern and eastern sectors of Damascus, including in the restive suburb of Moadamiyeh, where six people were killed by government shelling overnight.
    (AP, 2/8/13)
2013        Feb 8, Tens of thousands of Tunisians chanting anti-government slogans converged on a cemetery for the funeral of an assassinated leftist opposition politician, as military helicopters hovered overhead and tensions threatened to boil over into further violence.
    (AP, 2/8/13)
2013        Feb 8, The UN refugee agency said there has been a huge increase in the number of people fleeing Syria, with 5,000 refugees crossing the borders daily into neighboring countries.
    (AP, 2/8/13)
2013        Feb 8, Venezuela's government announced that it will devalue the country's currency, a long-anticipated change expected to push up prices in the heavily import-reliant economy.
    (AP, 2/8/13)

2014        Feb 8, In Albania a speeding minivan carrying eleven people lost control and hurtled 100 meters down a cliff, killing 6 people and seriously injuring the five others.
    (AP, 2/8/14)
2014        Feb 8, A huge falling rock derailed a train in the French Alps, killing two people and partly pushing one of its carriages over the edge of a mountain slope.
    (Reuters, 2/8/14)
2014        Feb 8, In Guatemala 20 men stormed a house in a village in Peten killing 9 people including a girl (5) and baby (3 months). The area was know to be contested by drug traffickers.
    (SFC, 2/10/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 8, In India an angry crowd gathered outside a Delhi police station to protest poor policing and racist treatment of people in the northeast after a 14-year-old girl from that part of India filed charges of rape in the capital.
    (Reuters, 2/8/14)
2014        Feb 8, Moroccan authorities banned a sit-in by hundreds of judges who want greater independence for the judiciary, deploying dozens of riot police to central Rabat and closing off streets around the Justice Ministry.
    (Reuters, 2/8/14)
2014        Feb 8, In Russia some 40 people gathered in downtown Moscow to protest the decision of leading Russian cable and satellite companies to drop the channel, Dozhd (TV Rain). Except for women with children, most were immediately detained.
    (AP, 2/8/14)
2014        Feb 8, In Saudi Arabia a hotel fire in Medina killed 13 people including 9 Egyptian pilgrims.
    (AP, 2/9/14)
2014        Feb 8, A Russian animal rights activist was detained in Moscow after he and two others protested the country's policy of killing stray dogs in Sochi.
    (AP, 2/8/14)
2014        Feb 8, In Spain thousands of women marched in the streets of Madrid to protest against the Spanish government's plan to restrict access to abortion.
    (AFP, 2/8/14)
2014        Feb 8, In Syria new aerial bombardment from explosives-packed barrel bombs in Aleppo killed at least 20 people. Renewed fighting broke a cease-fire in Homs and halted a plan to evacuate civilians and bring supplies into rebel-held areas under siege.
    (AFP, 2/8/14)(AP, 2/8/14)
2014        Feb 8, In Ukraine Thousands of people angered by months of anti-government protests in Kiev converged on one of the protesters' barricades, but retreated after meeting sizeable resistance.
    (AP, 2/8/14)

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