Today in History - February 11

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660BC    Mythical date of the ascension of Japan's first emperor, Jimmu Tenno.
    (HN, 2/11/97)(Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 214)

641        Feb 11, Heraclius (~65), emperor of Byzantium (610-641), died.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

731        Feb 11, Pope Gregory II (b.669), born in Rome as Gregorius Sabellus, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Gregory_II)

867        Feb 11, Theodora, the Saint, beauty queen, Byzantine Empress, died.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1380        Feb 11, Gianfrancesco Poggio Bracciolini, Italian humanist, was born.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1465        Feb 11, Elizabeth of York, consort of King Henry VII, was born in London.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1482        Feb 11, Pope Sixtus VI appointed Reverend Dr. Tomas de Torquemada (1420-1498) as the assistant inquisitor. In 1483 he became the Grand Inquisitor of Castile.
    (www.newadvent.org/cathen/14783a.htm)

1503        Feb 11, Elizabeth of York (b.1466), consort of King Henry VII, died on 38th birthday.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_of_York)

1531        Feb 11, Henry VIII was recognized as the supreme head of the Church of England.
    (HN, 2/11/97)

1535        Feb 11, Gregory XIV, Roman Catholic Pope was born.
    (HN, 2/11/97)

1573        Feb 11, Sir Francis Drake 1st saw the Pacific Ocean from Panama.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1650        Feb 11, Rene Descartes (b.1596), French mathematician and philosopher: "I think therefore I am", died in Stockholm. In 1666 his bones were exhumed for transfer to France. In 2008 Russell Shorto authored “Descartes’ Bones: A Skeletal History of the conflict Between Faith and Reason."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ren%C3%A9_Descartes)(SFC, 11/5/08, p.E3)

1657        Feb 11, Bernard Fontenelle, French scientist, writer (Plurality of Worlds), was born.
(MC, 2/11/02)

1662        Feb 11, The Prins Willem, built in 1643 as flagship of the Dutch East India Company, sank off Madagascar. A replica, built in the 1980s, burned down at Den Helder in 2009.
    (AP, 7/30/09)(http://tinyurl.com/mteqbf)

1685        Feb 11, David Teniers III (46), Flemish painter, died.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1752        Feb 11, Pennsylvania Hospital, the 1st hospital in the US, opened.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1764        Feb 11, Marie-Joseph de Chenier, French poet (Cajus Graechus), was born.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1766        Feb 11, The Stamp Act was declared unconstitutional in Virginia.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1768        Feb 11, A Samuel Adams letter, opposing Townshend Act taxes, was circulated among the American colonies.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1790        Feb 11, The first petition to Congress for emancipation of the slaves was made by the Society of Friends.
    (HNQ, 1/11/99)

1794        Feb 11, A session of US Senate was 1st opened to the public.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1800        Feb 11, William Henry Fox Talbot (d.1877), British inventor and pioneer in instantaneous photography, was born.
    (AHD, 1971, p. 1312)(V.D.-H.K.p.273)(HN, 2/11/01)

1805        Feb 11, At Fort Mandan ND Sacajawea (16), the Shoshoni guide for Lewis & Clark, gave birth to a son, with Meriwether Lewis serving as midwife. Sacagawea, the young Native American girl who aided the Lewis and Clark Expedition, was of the Lemhi Shoshones, who made their home in what is now southeastern Idaho and southwestern Montana. About 1800 Sacagawea was captured by a Hidatsa raiding party at the Three Forks of the Missouri River.  Sometime in 1804, she and another woman were purchased by French-Canadian fur trapper Toussaint Charbonneau, who lived among the Hidatsa and Mandan Indians, to be his wives.
    (HN, 2/11/99)(HNQ, 12/1/99)(AH, 2/05, p.17)

1806        Feb 11, Vicente Martin y Soler (51), composer, died.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1808        Feb 11, Anthracite coal was 1st burned as fuel, experimentally, in Wilkes-Barre, Pa.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1809        Feb 11, Robert Fulton patented the steamboat.
    (HN, 2/11/97)

1811        Feb 11, Pres. Madison prohibited trade with Britain for 3rd time in 4 years.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1812        Feb 11, Alexander Hamilton Stephens (d.1883), Vice Pres (Confederacy), was born near Crawfordville, Georgia. Stephens, who served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1843 to 1859, was a delegate at the Montgomery meeting that formed a new union of the seceded states. He was elected vice president to Jefferson Davis on February 9, 1861. Stephens was later elected governor of Georgia in 1882 but died after serving just a few months.
    (HNQ, 5/24/98)(MC, 2/11/02)
1812        Feb 11, Massachusetts Gov. Elbridge Gerry signed a re-districting law  that favored his party, giving rise to the term "gerrymandering." His district was shaped like a salamander.
    (AP, 2/11/97)(Econ, 10/9/10, p.20)

1815        Feb 11, News of the Treaty of Ghent, ending the War of 1812, finally reached the United States.
    (HN, 2/11/99)

1818        Feb 11, In Louisiana sugar plantation owner Levi Foster sold to his in-laws the slaves named Kit (28) for $975 and Alick (9) for $400. In 2000 Gwendolyn Midlo Hall and LSU Press published a CD-ROM database on Louisiana slave transactions: “Databases for the Study of Afro-Louisiana History and Genealogy, 1699-1860: Computerized Information from Original Manuscript Sources."
    (SFEC, 7/30/00, p.)(www.afrigeneas.com)

1821        Feb 11, Auguste Edouard Mariette, French Egyptologist, (dug out Sphinx 12/16/42), was born.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1826        Feb 11, London University was founded.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1828        Feb 11, Dewitt Clinton (b.1769), American politician and naturalist. He had served as a US Senator, 2-time governor of New York state and 3-time mayor of NYC.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DeWitt_Clinton)

1833        Feb 11, Melville Weston Fuller, 8th U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice was born.
    (HN, 2/11/97)

1840        Feb 11, Gaetano Donizetti's Opera "La Fille du Regiment," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1843        Feb 11, Giuseppe Verdi's Opera "I Lombardi," premiered in Milan.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1847        Feb 11, American inventor Thomas Alva Edison was born in Milan, Ohio. He was the inventor of the first electric light bulb and pioneer of the motion picture industry. He also Invented at least 1,300 other items.
    (HN, 2/11/97)(AP, 2/11/97)

1852        Feb 11, The 1st British public female toilet opened at Bedford Street in London.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1854        Feb 11, Major streets were lit by coal gas for 1st time.
    (MC, 2/11/02)
1854        Feb 11, Commodore Matthew Perry pulled into Edo Bay, Japan, 12 months early with 9 warships to begin talks for a treaty.
    (ON, 11/04, p.12)

1855        Feb 11, Josephine Marshall Jewell Dodge, American educator, pioneer in the concept of day nurseries for children, was born.
    (HN, 2/11/01)

1858        Feb 11, Bernadette Soubirous (14), a French miller’s daughter, claimed for the first time to have seen a vision of the Virgin Mary near Lourdes.
    (AP, 2/11/97)(HN, 1/11/02)

1861        Feb 11, President-elect Lincoln departed Springfield, Ill., for Washington.
    (AP, 2/11/97)
1861        Feb 11, The US House unanimously passed a resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state.
    (MC, 2/11/02)
1861        Feb 11, Australian explorers Burke and Wills approached the coast of Carpetaria but were forced to turn back when no path through the coastal marsh was found.
    (ON, 12/01, p.2,3)

1867        Feb 11, August W. Messer, German philosopher, educator, psychologist, was born.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1868        Feb 11, Jean Bernard Leon Foucault (b.1819), French physicist, died. He discovered the 1st physical proof of Earth's rotation (1851) and invented the gyroscope.
    (WUD, 1994 p.560)(MC, 2/11/02)(WSJ, 8/28/03, p.D18)

1879        Feb 11, Honore Daumier (b.1808), French caricaturist, painter, died.
    (WUD, 1994 p.369)(MC, 2/11/02)

1887        Feb 11, Ernst "Putzi" Hanfstangl, German politician and confidante of Hitler, NSDAP & American school chum of Roosevelt ), was born.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1888        Feb 11, In Brazil volunteer police commissioner Joaquin Firmino de Araujo Cunha was murdered in Rio do Peixe, a town which later changed its name to Itapira. The man responsible for the murder was reported to be James Warne, a British-born American doctor and slave owner.  
    (Econ, 12/21/13, p.48)

1895        Feb 11, Georgetown became part of Wash, DC.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1896        Feb 11, Oscar Wilde's "Salome," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1898        Feb 11, Leo Szilard, physicist, instrumental in the Manhattan Project, was born.
    (HN, 2/11/01)

1902        Feb 11, Police beat up universal suffrage demonstrators in Brussels.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1903        Feb 11, Anton Bruckner's 9th Symphony premiered in Vienna.
    (MC, 2/11/02)
1903        Feb 11, Congress passed the Expedition Act, giving antitrust cases priority in the courts.
    (HN, 2/11/97)

1904        Feb 11, President Theodore Roosevelt proclaimed strict neutrality for the U.S. in the Russo-Japanese War.
    (HN, 2/11/97)

1907        Feb 11, William J. Levitt, U.S. businessman and community builder, was born. He led the postwar housing revolutions with his Levittowns.
    (HN, 2/11/99)
1907        Feb 11, The passenger ship Larchmont was steaming through a winter storm in heavy seas, 4 miles southwest of Watch Hill, Rhode Island when she was rammed by the coal carrying schooner Harry P. Knowles, which had drifted off course in the blizzard. The Larchmont sank in 10 minutes and only 19 men including the captain, George McVey survived the ordeal.
    (http://rhodeisland-philatelic.com/rhodeisland/postcard120.htm)

1908        Feb 11, Phillipe Dunne, screenwriter and director, was born. His films included “How Green Was My Valley."
    (HN, 2/11/01)

1910        Feb 11, Theodore Roosevelt Jr. and Eleanor Alexander announced their wedding date--June 20, 1910. President Theodore Roosevelt signed a bill creating Mesa Verde National Park.
    (HN, 2/11/97)

1912        Feb 11, SF Police Chief White delivered an ultimatum to the Chinese Consul General, Ow Young King, and two secretaries of the Chinese Six companies that they establish peace between the warring tongs or he would blockade white from entering Chinatown.
    (SSFC, 2/12/12, DB p.42)
1912        Feb 11, Rudolf Firkusny (d.1954), classical pianist (Julliard), was born in Napajedla, Czechoslovakia.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudolf_Firku%C5%A1n%C3%BD)
1912        Feb 11, Roy Fuller, poet and novelist, was born.
    (HN, 2/11/01)

1916        Feb 11, Baltimore Symphony Orchestra presented its 1st concert.
    (MC, 2/11/02)
1916        Feb 11, Emma Goldman was arrested for lecturing on birth control.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1917        Feb 11, Sidney Sheldon, novelist was born.
    (HN, 2/11/97)

1919            Feb 11, Eva Gabor (d.1995), actress, was born in Budapest, Hungary.
    (http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0001247/)

1920        Feb 11, Farouk I, last King of Egypt (1936-52), was born in Cairo.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1922        Feb 11, "April Showers" by Al Jolson hit #1.
    (MC, 2/11/02)
1922        Feb 11, US "intervention army" left Honduras.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1925        Feb 11, Virginia E. Johnson, doctor, sexologist (Masters & Johnson), was born.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1926        Feb 11, Paul Bocuse, French chef (Legion of Honor), was born.
    (MC, 2/11/02)
1926        Feb 11, The Mexican government nationalized all church property. Pres. Plutarco Elias Calles, founder of the modern Mexican political system, tried to suppress the Church. This fomented the Cristiada, 3 years of rebellion and outright war.
    (WSJ, 8/13/97, p.A12)(Econ, 1/11/14, p.30)

1929        Feb 11, The Lateran Treaty was signed, with Italy recognizing the independence and sovereignty of Vatican City. The Italian government, under dictator Benito Mussolini, paid the Vatican $91.7 million for the papal lands it seized in 1870. The Italian state agreed to supply water but the disposal of waste was not specified. This became a big issue in 1999.
    (SFEM, 1/19/96, p.10)(AP, 2/11/97)(WSJ, 12/3/99, p.A1)(Econ, 7/12/14, p.68)

1931        Feb 11, Charles Algernon Parsons (76), British inventor (steam turbine), died.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1933        Feb 11, Pres. Hoover declared Death Valley a national monument.
    (SFEC, 1/3/99, p.T5)

1934        Feb 11, Mary Quant, fashion designer (Chelsea Look, Mod Look), was born in Kent, England.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1936        Feb 11, Burt Reynolds, actor (Evening Shade, Strip Tease, Cannonball Run), was born in Michigan.
    (MC, 2/11/02)
1936        Feb 11, Pumping began for the creation of Treasure Island in SF Bay.
    (www.treasureislandfestival.com/island.php)
1936        Feb 11, The Reich arrested 150 Catholic youth leaders in Berlin. When the war was over many of the leaders of the Reich were put on trial for the atrocities that had been committed.
    (HN, 2/11/97)

1937        Feb 11, In Flint, Mich., a sit-down strike against General Motors ended after 44 days, with the company agreeing to recognize the United Automobile Workers Union. The UAW was victorious in a strike against GM. GM recognized the union and agreed to a contract.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(AP, 2/11/97)

1938        Feb 11, The 4th Lithuanian parliament accepted Lithuania’s 3rd Constitution, which was proclaimed May 12, 1938. The Constitution reduced the powers of the Seimas. It could only consider the draft laws and give recommendations to the president.
    (DrEE, 10/5/96, p.5)(LHC, 2/11/03)
1938        Feb 11, In Romania Carol II, who had banned political parties and established a royal dictatorship, chose Miron Cristea (1868-1939) to be the Prime Minister, a position from which he served for about a year. Patriarch Miron Cristea, who led the Romanian Orthodox Church from 1925 to 1939, was responsible for revising the citizenship law, stripping about 225,000 Jews, or 37% of the Jewish population, of their Romanian citizenship.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miron_Cristea)(AP, 8/3/10)

1939        Feb 11, The Negrin government returned to Madrid, Spain.
    (HN, 2/11/97)
1939        Feb 11, Franz Schmidt (64), Austrian composer, died.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1941        Feb 11, Lt-Gen Erwin Rommel arrived in Tripoli.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1942        Feb 11, The German battleships Gneisenau, Scharnhorst and Prinz Eugen began their famed channel dash from the French port of Brest. Their journey took them through the English Channel on their way back to Germany.
    (HN, 2/11/99)

1943        Feb 11, General Eisenhower was selected to command the allied armies in Europe.
    (MC, 2/11/02)
1943        Feb 11, Transport # 47 departed with French Jews to Nazi Germany.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1944        Feb 11, U-424 sank off Ireland.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1945        Feb 11, President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin signed the Yalta Agreement during World War II and adjourned.
    (HN, 2/11/97)(AP, 2/11/97)
1945        Feb 11, The 1st gas turbine propeller-driven airplane was flight tested, at Downey, Ca.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1948        Feb 11, Sergei Eisenstein (b.1898 in Latvia), Russian film director, died. He pioneered the dialectic montage where 2 films shots were arranged to clash in order to produce an emotional or intellectual response in the viewer. In 1999 Ronald Bergan published the biography: "Sergei Eisenstein: A Life In Conflict."
    (SFEC, 5/2/99, BR p.1,10)(MC, 2/11/02)

1951        Feb 11, Kwame Nkrumah won the 1st parliamentary election on Gold coast (Ghana).
    (MC, 2/11/02)
1951        Feb 11, U.N. forces pushed north across the 38th parallel once again. Forty-five years after shipping out to fight in Korea, Col. Harry Summers, Jr., got new insight into what the war had been all about.
    (HN, 2/11/97)

1953        Feb 11, Walt Disney’s “Peter Pan" premiered. [See Feb 5]
    (HN, 2/11/97)
1953        Feb 11, President Eisenhower refused a clemency appeal for Julius and Ethel Rosenberg.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1954        Feb 11, A 75,000-watt light bulb was lit at the Rockefeller Center in New York, to commemorate the 75th anniversary of Edison’s first light bulb.
    (HN, 2/11/97)

1955        Feb 11, Nationalist Chinese completed the evacuation of the Tachen Islands.
    (HN, 2/11/97)

1959        Feb 11, Iran turned down Soviet aid in favor of a U.S. proposal for aid.
    (HN, 2/11/97)

1960        Feb 11, Jack Paar walked off his TV show.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1963        Feb 11, A CIA Domestic Operations Division was created.
    (MC, 2/11/02)
1963        Feb 11, Sylvia Plath (30), American writer, committed suicide by gas in London after Ted Hughes left her for another woman. Her autobiographical novel "The Bell Jar" was published this year. She had been married to English poet Ted Hughes (d.1998), who in 1998 published a 198 page book of verse "Birthday Letters" based on their relationship. The woman for whom Hughes left Plath committed suicide 5 years later. Plath’s 1981 "Collected Poems" won a Pulitzer Prize. The Plath book of poems "Ariel" was published after her death. In 2000 her uncensored diaries: "The Unabridged Journals of Sylvia Plath," were edited by Karen V. Kukil. Carl Rollyson authored “American Isis: The Life and Art of Sylvia Plath" (2013). Andrew Wilson authored “Mad Girl’s Love Song: Sylvia Plath and Life Before Ted" (2013).
    (SFC, 1/19/98, p.A10)(SFEC, 2/1/98, p.C5)(SFEC, 3/26/00, p.A25)(SFEC, 11/12/00, BR p.1)(SSFC, 2/17/13, p.F5)(Econ, 3/9/13, p.84)

1964        Feb 11, Sarah Palin, later governor of Alaska, was born in Sandpoint, Idaho. After 3 months her family moved to Alaska. In 2008 Sen. John McCain named her as his vice-presidential running mate.
    (SFC, 8/30/08, p.A6)
1964        Feb 11, The Beatles 1st live appearance in US was in the Washington,  DC Coliseum. It was filmed by CBS.
    (SFC, 3/6/04, p.D17)
1964        Feb 11, Cambodian Prince Sihanouk blamed the U.S. for a South Vietnamese air raid on a village in his country.
    (HN, 2/11/97)

1965        Feb 11, Pres. Lyndon Johnson ordered air strikes against targets in North Vietnam, in retaliation for guerrilla attacks on the American military in South Vietnam. The American "Rolling Thunder" bombing campaign intensified. In 2006 Rick Newman and Don Shepperd authored “Bury Us Upside Down: The Misty Pilots and the Secret Battle for the Ho Chi Minh Trail," an account of the pilots who flew low scouting for targets that threatened US bombers.
    (HN, 2/11/02)(WSJ, 3/2/06, p.D8)

1966        Feb 11, Vice President Hubert Humphrey began a tour of Vietnam.
    (HN, 2/11/97)

1969        Feb 11, A Lockheed SP2E Neptune crashed in the Santa Ana Mountains of Orange County, Ca., while on night training. 7 seamen were killed.
    (SFC, 5/7/08, p.B8)(http://home.att.net/~jbaugher/thirdseries15.html)

1970        Feb 11, Japan launched its first satellite, Ohsumi-1. That launch made Japan the fourth nation with a space rocket powerful enough to launch satellites to Earth orbit, after the USSR, the US and France.
    (www.spacetoday.org/Japan/Japan/History.html)

1971        Feb 11, Pres. Nixon issued Executive Order 11582 dealing with holidays given to federal employees.
    (SFC, 2/21/05, p.A7)
1971        Feb 11, John Connally (1917-1993) replaced David Kennedy as Treasury Secretary under Richard Nixon. He instituted a 10% surcharge on imports and repudiated fixed exchange rates.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_B._Connally)
1971        Feb 11, In SF Officer Charles Lagasa was killed in an accidental helicopter crash at Lake Merced.
    (SFC, 1/27/07, p.A8)
1971        Feb 11, Whitney Young Jr. (b.1921), National Urban League director, drowned in Nigeria.
    (www.answers.com/topic/whitney-moore-jr-young)

1972        Feb 11, McGraw-Hill Publishing Co. and Life magazine canceled plans to publish what turned out to be a fake autobiography of reclusive billionaire Howard Hughes.
    (AP, 2/11/97)

1974        Feb 11, Communist-led rebels showered artillery fire into a crowded area of Phnom Penh, killing 139 and injuring 46 others. As the war in Vietnam wound down with the signing of the 1973 Paris Peace Accords, the war in neighboring Cambodia was going from bad to worse.
    (HN, 2/11/97)

1975        Feb 11, Margaret Thatcher was elected leader of the Tory Party, the first woman to lead the British Conservative Party. in England. She later became Prime Minister and held office from 1979-1990. Her second volume of memoirs is titled The Path to Power, (Harper-Collins, 1995) and documents her rise to power.
    (WSJ, 7/6/95, p. A-7)(HN, 2/11/99)

1976        Feb 11, Lee J. Cobb (b.1911), actor (12 Angry Men, On the Waterfront), died.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0002011/)

1977        Feb 11, A 20.2-kg lobster was caught off Nova Scotia. This was the heaviest known crustacean to date.
    (www.canadiangold.ns.ca/funfacts.asp)

1979        Feb 11, In NYC "They're Playing Our Song" opened at the Imperial Theater and played for 1082 performances.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/They're_Playing_Our_Song)
1979        Feb 11, Followers of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini seized power in Iran, nine days after the religious leader returned to his home country following 15 years of exile. Premier Bakhtiar resigned.
    (AP, 2/11/97)

1984        Feb 11, Mohammad Maqbool Butt, founder of the pro-independence Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), was hanged in New Delhi's Tihar jail for the murder of intelligence officer Ravindra Hareshwa Mhatre. In 2004 Mohammed Aslam (49) was charged with the kidnap, false imprisonment and murder of Mhatre.
    (AP, 11/4/04)(AFP, 2/11/07)(AP, 2/11/13)

1985        Feb 11, Jordan’s King Hussein and PLO leader Arafat signed an accord.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yy39mx)

1986        Feb 11, Activist Anatoly Scharansky was released by USSR, and left the country after nine years of captivity as part of an East-West prisoner exchange.
    (AP, 2/11/04)   
1986        Feb 11, Frank Patrick Herbert (b.1920), sci-fi author (Dune, 1965), died of cancer in Wisconsin.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Herbert)

1987        Feb 11, Peggy Hettrick (37) in Fort Collins, Colorado, was murdered. Timothy Masters (15) was convicted and sentenced to life in 1999 for the crime. He served nine and a half years of a life sentence for the murder until DNA evidence from the body in 2008 was found to match the victim's ex-boyfriend and not the Masters.
    (Reuters, 1/22/08)

1988        Feb 11, President Reagan's onetime political director, Lyn Nofziger, was convicted of illegally lobbying top White House aides. However, the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals later overturned Nofziger's conviction, and the Supreme Court refused to reinstate it.
    (AP, 2/11/97)
1988        Feb 11, Iran launched a campaign to retake the Fao Peninsula from Iraq with US planning assistance. Chemical weapons were used in the attack.
    (SSFC, 8/18/02, p.A12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Faw_Peninsula)

1989        Feb 11, Reverend Barbara C. Harris became the first woman consecrated as a bishop in the Episcopal Church, in a ceremony held in Boston.
    (AP, 2/11/99)

1990        Feb 11, In a stunning upset, heavyweight champion Mike Tyson was knocked out in the 10th round of his fight with Buster Douglas in Tokyo.
    (AP, 2/11/00)
1990        Feb 11, Nelson Mandela was released from South Africa’s Victor Verster prison after being detained for 27 years as a political prisoner fighting against Apartheid.
    (AP, 2/11/97)(SFC, 12/6/13, p.A19)

1991        Feb 11, President Bush met with Defense Secretary Dick Cheney and Joint Chiefs Chairman Colin L. Powell, who had just returned from the Gulf region. Afterward, Bush said he would hold off on a ground war against Iraq for the time being, saying allied air strikes had been “very, very effective."
    (AP, 2/11/01)
1991        Feb 11, The parliament of Iceland confirmed that the recognition of Lithuania from 1922 was fully valid and that diplomatic relations would be established as soon as possible. Lithuania received de jure recognition from Iceland.
    (DrEE, 1/4/97, p.4)(LHC, 2/11/03)
1991        Feb 11, Oscar Nitzchke (90), German architect, died in Paris. His buildings included the UN headquarters in New York, the Los Angeles Opera House.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7kx39)

1992        Feb 11, US Secretary of State James A. Baker III, on a tour of six former Soviet republics, visited Armenia, where he heard an appeal from the republic's president for U.S. help in resolving a bloody feud with neighboring Azerbaijan.
    (AP, 2/11/02)

1993        Feb 11, President Clinton announced his choice of Miami prosecutor Janet Reno to be the nation's first female attorney general, after two earlier candidates stumbled because they'd hired illegal aliens.
    (AP, 2/11/97)
1993        Feb 11, In Afghanistan some 800 Hazzara civilians were massacred in the Afshar district of West Kabul.
    (Econ, 2/17/07, p.45)(http://tinyurl.com/34h7bu)

1994        Feb 11, President Clinton and Japanese Prime Minister Morihiro Hosokawa, meeting at the White House, failed to resolve key differences on trade.
    (AP, 2/11/99)
 1994        Feb 11, A judge in Fort Worth, Texas, ordered Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison acquitted of ethics charges after prosecutors refused to present their case.
    (AP, 2/11/04)
1994        Feb 11, The space shuttle "Discovery" returned from an eight-day mission.
    (AP, 2/11/99)
1994        Feb 11, Actor William Conrad died in Los Angeles at age 73.
    (AP, 2/11/99)

1995        Feb 11, President Clinton, in his weekly radio address, threatened to veto any attempt by Republicans to scrap plans to put 100,000 additional police officers on the streets.
    (AP, 2/11/00)
1995        Feb 11, The space shuttle Discovery landed at Cape Canaveral, Fla., ending a historic rendezvous mission with Russia's Mir space station.
    (AP, 2/11/00)

1996        Feb 11, A day after losing to an IBM computer dubbed “Deep Blue," world chess champion Garry Kasparov rebounded to defeat the machine and even their six-game series in Philadelphia at one victory apiece.
    (AP, 2/11/01)
1996        Feb 11, Tamil politicians in Sri Lanka charged that government troops killed 24 civilians in the eastern district of Trincomalee.
    (WSJ, 2/12/96, p.A-13)

1997        Feb 11, In a display of bipartisan unity, President Clinton and congressional leaders agreed to focus the new Congress on balancing the budget and other issues ranging from cutting taxes to solving the capital city's myriad problems.
    (AP, 2/11/97)
1997        Feb 11, Space shuttle Discovery was launched on a mission to service the Hubble Space Telescope.
    (AP, 2/11/97)
1997        Feb 11, Bosnian Croats evicted 26 Muslim families from the Croat half of the city of Mostar.
    (WSJ, 2/12/97, p.A1)

1998        Feb 11, Attorney General Janet Reno asked for an independent prosecutor to investigate whether Interior Secretary Bruce Babbitt had misled Congress in connection with an Indian casino controversy; The counsel, Carol Elder Bruce, found no wrongdoing on Babbitt's part.
    (AP, 2/11/03)
1998        Feb 11, KVBC-FM (Las Vegas) offered Monica Lewinsky $5M for an interview.
    (MC, 2/11/02)
1998        Feb 11, Skier Jonny Moseley won the first U.S. gold medal at Nagano, in men's moguls freestyle; Picabo Street won the women's super-G. Canadian snowboarder Ross Rebagliati was stripped of his gold medal after testing positive for marijuana. His medal was later reinstated.
    (AP, 2/11/99)
1998        Feb 11, Ben Cohen, co-founder of Ben and Jerry’s Ice Cream, was named as director of the Greenpeace environmental group. Greenpeace had an annual worldwide income of about $160 mil.
    (SFEC, 2/15/98, p.A7)
1998        Feb 11, In Montenegro former Pres. Momir Bulatovic was indicted with 3 senior aides for activity against the state during the January riots.
    (SFC, 2/13/98, p.D5)
1998        Feb 11, Russia’s Pres. Yeltsin completed a 3 day visit to Italy and scored $5 billion in trade and investment contracts.
    (SFC, 2/12/98, p.A14)

1999        Feb 11, US jets struck 7 Iraqi air defense sites.
    (SFC, 2/12/99, p.A14)
1999        Feb 11, A federal jury in New York found several gun makers responsible in three area shootings for letting guns fall into the hands of criminals; other manufacturers were cleared. Several gun manufacturers were found negligent for marketing and distribution practices but awarded limited damages. The plaintiffs suffered a setback in 2001 when the New York Court of Appeals invalidated such claims.
    (SFC, 2/12/99, p.A3)(AP, 2/11/04)
1999        Feb 11, On the Oregon coast the New Carissa cargo ship was set on fire with explosives to burn off some 400,000 gallons of fuel oil to prevent its spillage.
    (SFC, 2/12/99, p.A5)
1999        Feb 11, Jaki Byard (76), jazz pianist, saxophonist and teacher, was shot dead in his home in Queens.
    (SFC, 2/16/99, p.A18)
1999        Feb 11, In Bangladesh opposition parties called general strikes and 5 people were killed.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99, p.T14)
1999        Feb 11, In India a private army of upper-caste landlords shot and killed 12 low-caste villagers in Bihar.
    (SFC, 2/12/99, p.A18)
1999        Feb 11, In Iran Pres. Khatami marked the 20th anniversary of the revolution that toppled the shah and called for reduction of tensions with the outside world.
    (SFC, 2/12/99, p.A17)
1999        Feb 11, In Italy angry female lawmakers wore jeans to protest an appeals court ruling that said rape is impossible if the victim is wearing jeans.
    (SFC, 2/12/99, p.A1)
1999        Feb 11, In Paraguay the Congress voted to begin impeachment proceedings against Pres. Raul Cubas for freeing Lino Oviedo.
    (SFC, 2/12/99, p.A18)

2000        Feb 11, In Minnesota Gov. Jesse Ventura cut his ties to the Reform Party. In Nashville the national chairman, Jack Gargan, was ousted by forces loyal to Ross Perot and Pat Buchanan.
    (SFC, 2/12/00, p.A3)(SFEC, 2/13/00, p.A3)   
2000        Feb 11, The space shuttle Endeavour lifted into orbit with a crew of six under commander Kevin Kregel and a mission to map the Earth.
    (SFC, 2/12/00, p.A4)(AP, 2/11/01)
2000        Feb 11, An early morning bomb exploded in NYC on the corner of Wall and Water streets in front of an office building owned by Barclay's Bank. One person was slightly injured.
    (SFC, 2/12/00, p.A2)
2000        Feb 11, Britain suspended the 10-week old power-sharing government of Northern Ireland. An independent panel reported progress on the question of disarmament by the IRA.
    (SFC, 2/12/00, p.A1)(AP, 2/11/01)
2000        Feb 11, In France Roger Vadim, film director, died at age 72. His 5 wives included Brigitte Bardot, Annette Stroyberg, Catherine Deneuve, Jane Fonda, Catherine Schneider and Marie-Christine Barrault.
    (SFC, 2/12/00, p.A21)(AP, 2/11/01)
2000        Feb 11, In Lebanon Hezbollah launched another rocket attack that killed an Israeli soldier. Israel responded with warplanes and attacks in southern Lebanon and the eastern Bekaa Valley to which Hezbollah responded with fresh hits. Israel cancelled an urgent -US-led meeting called to diffuse the widening war.
    (SFC, 2/12/00, p.A11)
2000        Feb 11, In South Africa it was reported that at least 19 people had died and 12 were feared drowned after torrential rains hit the northern province of Mpumalanga.
    (SFC, 2/12/00, p.A9)

2001        Feb 11, The East NBA All-Stars defeated the West squad, 111-to-110.
    (AP, 2/11/02)
2001        Feb 11, Ann Bancroft and Liv Arnesen became the 1st women to cross the Antarctic land mass on skis.
    (SFC, 2/13/01, p.D3)
2001        Feb 11, Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh was demolished to clear the way for new separate baseball and football stadiums nearby.
    (AP, 2/11/02)
2001        Feb 11, It was reported that scientists had found the human genome to consist of 30,000 genes and that only some 300 were unique to humans as when compared to mice.
    (SSFC, 2/11/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 11, Two space commanders opened the door to Destiny, the American-made science laboratory attached the day before to the international space station.
    (AP, 2/11/02)
2001        Feb 11, Gao Zhan, a US-based scholar, was detained at Beijing airport by Chinese authorities. She was formally charged as a spy on April 3. [see Mar 27]
    (WSJ, 3/28/01, p.A1)(SFC, 4/4/01, p.D14)
2001        Feb 11, In Colombia 9 young hikers, 6 men and 3 women, were found killed execution style in southwest Purace National Park. FARC later admitted to killing the 8 hikers.
    (SFC, 2/15/01, p.A12)(WSJ, 3/19/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 11, In Croatia some 100,000 protested the investigation of former general Mirko Norac for war crimes in 1991.
    (SFC, 2/12/01, p.B2)
2001        Feb 11, In El Salvador armed men attacked a bus carrying a local soccer team near Zacatecoluca. The coach was killed and 3 others injured.
    (SFC, 2/13/01, p.D3)
2001        Feb 11, In Thailand troops fought a gun battle with some 200 Burmese soldiers who crossed the border chasing Shan rebels.
    (SFC, 2/12/01, p.B2)
2001        Feb 11, In Ukraine some 5-10 thousand protesters called for the resignation of Pres. Kuchma. Kuchma fired 2 top security officials amid the growing scandal of a journalist killed while investigating graft.
    (SFC, 2/12/01, p.B1)(WSJ, 2/12/01, p.A1)

2002        Feb 11, Americans Ross Powers, Danny Kass and J.J. Thomas took gold, silver and bronze in the men's halfpipe at the Salt Lake City Olympics. Gold medals for the Olympics free-style skating event went to Russians Anton Sikharulidze and Elena Berezhnaya. French judge Marie-Reine Le Gougne later admitted to being pressured to support the Russian team. On Feb 15 Olympic officials awarded a 2nd gold medal to Canadians David Pelletier and Jamie Sale for their performance.
    (SFC, 2/16/02, p.A1)(AP, 2/11/03)
2002        Feb 11, The FBI issued a warning for a possible terrorist assault and identified Fawaz Yahya al-Rabeei, a Yemeni national, as a possible attacker.
    (SFC, 2/12/02, p.A1)
2002        Feb 11, SF sued PG&E for a $5 billion refund to ratepayers.
    (SFC, 2/12/02, p.B1)
2002        Feb 11, In Afghanistan opium vendors shut down in Kandahar under US military orders.
    (SFC, 2/12/02, p.A14)
2002        Feb 11, The Argentine peso was put to float for the 1st time in a decade and dropped about 5% to 2.1 pesos to the dollar.
    (SFC, 2/12/02, p.A10)
2002        Feb 11, In Colombia suspected FARC rebels sent 2 bombs into a southern army garrison and killed 10 sleeping soldiers.
    (SFC, 2/12/02, p.A10)
2002        Feb 11, In Indonesia warring Christians and Muslims from Maluku province began 2 days of peace talks.
    (SFC, 2/12/02, p.A10)
2002        Feb 11, Israel bombed the Palestinian security headquarters in the Gaza Strip for a 2nd day in response to the use of a Kassam-2 rocket by Hamas.
    (SFC, 2/12/02, p.A8)(AP, 2/11/03)
2002        Feb 11, In Jordan Raed Hijazi (33) was convicted and sentenced to be hung for plotting to blow up tourist sites during millennium celebrations. [see Dec 2000]
    (SFC, 2/12/02, p.A12)

2003        Feb 11, Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan said that Pres. Bush's tax cut would increase the federal budget deficits and voiced opposition.
    (SFC, 2/12/03, p.A1)
2003        Feb 11, Addressing a historic rift within NATO, Secretary of State Colin Powell told a congressional hearing the future of the military alliance was at risk if it failed to confront the crisis with Iraq.
    (AP, 2/11/04)
2003        Feb 11, The purported voice of Osama bin Laden, broadcast over the Al Jazeera network, told his followers to help Saddam Hussein fight Americans.
    (AP, 2/12/03)
2003        Feb 11, A group of around 50 Western anti-war activists received visas to enter Iraq where they plan to form "human shields." Iraq said it would allow U-2 surveillance flights.
    (Reuters, 2/11/03)(SFC, 2/11/03, p.A10)
2003        Feb 11, Afghan officials said 17 civilians were killed in American-led bombing over the last 2 days.
    (SFC, 2/12/03, p.A8)
2003        Feb 11, From China it was reported that an unidentified illness, 1st noted in Nov., has killed at least five people in Guangdong province, left hundreds hospitalized and sent health officials scrambling to find its source.
    (AP, 2/11/03)
2003        Feb 11, In China Ma Sanli (b.1914), a master performer of the traditional Chinese art of crosstalk, a rhythmic, often humorous mix of dialogue and storytelling, died.
    (AP, 2/11/03)
2003        Feb 11, The private plane carrying Colombian Minister of Social Welfare, Juan Luis Londono, was found crashed in the mountains north of the town of Cajamarca, 85 miles west of Bogota. It had disappeared 5 days earlier.
    (AP, 2/11/03)
2003        Feb 11, Israeli troops killed an armed Palestinian in the Gaza Strip, and Israel imposed a blanket closure on the Palestinian areas during the Muslim Hajj because of warnings of possible attacks. Israeli soldiers killed an 8-year-old boy in the West Bank and an Israeli was killed by a Palestinian gunman in Bethlehem.
    (AP, 2/11/03)(SFC, 2/12/03, p.A13)
2003        Feb 11, In Paraguay Pres. Luis Gonzalez Macchi survived an impeachment trial as the Senate failed to muster enough votes to strip him from power over corruption charges.
    (AP, 2/12/03)
2003        Feb 11, In Mina, Saudi Arabia, 14 Muslim pilgrims were trampled to death when some worshippers tripped amid a jostling crowd during the devil-stoning ritual of the annual Hajj pilgrimage.
    (AP, 2/11/03)(SFC, 2/12/03, p.A9)

2004        Feb 11, Wesley Clark dropped out of the race for the White House.
    (AP, 2/11/05)
2004        Feb 11, It was reported that Mattel planned to introduce a line of toys capable of receiving digital signals from a new Batman TV cartoon show scheduled for the Fall.
    (WSJ, 2/11/04, p.A1)
2004        Feb 11, Cable TV giant Comcast Corp. launched a hostile bid to buy The Walt Disney Co. for more than $54 billion. Comcast later dropped its bid.
    (WSJ, 2/12/04, p.A1)(AP, 2/11/05)
2004        Feb 11, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide attacker fatally shot a senior intelligence official in Khost, then blew himself up as guards tried to arrest him.
    (AP, 2/11/04)(WSJ, 2/12/04, p.A1)
2004        Feb 11, In Bolivia 2 inmates were voluntarily nailed to crosses by their fellow prisoners as part of a protest for better conditions and shorter sentences that was broadcast on TV.
    (AP, 2/11/04)
2004        Feb 11, A gas explosion in a coal mine in southern China killed 24 miners.
    (AP, 2/11/04)
2004        Feb 11, Jozef Lenart (80), a former Czechoslovak prime minister cleared of treason charges for his alleged role in the 1968 Soviet-led invasion that crushed the country's democratic movement, died. He served as prime minister of Czechoslovakia from 1963-1968 and headed the Slovak Communist Party until 1988. A Slovak national he acquired Czech citizenship after Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia in 1993.
    (AP, 2/12/04)
2004        Feb 11, In Haiti pro-Aristide supporters killed up to 50 residents of St. Marc.
    (Econ, 5/14/05, p.42)(www.haitipolicy.org/content/2969.htm)
2004        Feb 11, In Iraq a suicide attacker blew up a car packed with explosives in a crowd of hundreds of Iraqis waiting outside a Baghdad army recruiting center, killing 47 people in the second bombing in two days.
    (AP, 2/11/05)
2004        Feb 11, Israeli troops rode tanks into the Gaza Strip searching for Islamic militants firing rockets at nearby Jewish settlements, and the ensuing battle left at least 15 Palestinians dead and more than 50 wounded.
    (AP, 2/11/04)(SFC, 2/12/04, p.A8)
2004        Feb 11, The bodies of 2 Americans, Francisco A. Antonielli (33) and James F. Bowtte (43), were discovered in a parking garage at the airport in Tijuana, Mexico, the apparent victims of a drug-related gunbattle.
    (AP, 2/11/04)
2004        Feb 11, Philippine troops rescued Alastair Joseph Onglingswan (35), a kidnapped American businessman, who was chained by his neck and feet for 22 days by a lone abductor.
    (AP, 2/11/04)
2004        Feb 11, In Puerto Rico 4 people were killed in separate shootings over the last 24 hours, pushing the number of deaths past the 100 mark for this year. There were 780 killings in 2003, compared with 781 in 2002. Police say most of the violence on the island of 4 million people is drug-related.
    (AP, 2/11/04)
2004        Feb 11, South Korean scientists reported that they had cloned human embryonic tissue cells.
    (SFC, 2/12/04, p.A1)
2004        Feb 11, Sri Lanka's president fired 39 ministers and deputy ministers from the caretaker government headed by her rival.
    (AP, 2/11/04)
2004        Feb 11, Sudan government-backed militias reportedly attacked five villages in southern Darfur region, killing between 68 and 80 civilians. "Amnesty International continued to receive details of horrifying attacks against civilians in villages by government warplanes, soldiers and government-aligned militia."
    (AP, 2/18/04)

2005        Feb 11, Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld made an unannounced visit to Iraq, where he observed Iraqi security forces and declared "there's no question progress has been made" in preparing the nation for building a new government.
    (AP, 2/11/06)
2005        Feb 11, The US State Department said Libyan diplomats can travel freely in the US.
    (AP, 2/11/05)
2005        Feb 11, Health officials in NYC issued a nationwide alert over a new AIDS HIV strain that is immune to just about all antiretroviral drugs.
    (SFC, 2/12/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 11, CNN chief news executive Eason Jordan quit amid a furor over remarks he'd made about journalists being targeted by the U.S. military in Iraq.
    (AP, 2/11/06)
2005        Feb 11, Samuel W. Alderson (90), inventor of crash test dummies, died in Marina Del Rey, Calif.
    (AP, 2/11/06)
2005        Feb 11, In Afghanistan US troops killed two unarmed men after they entered an exclusion zone around near Shindand Air Base in Herat province. An investigation followed.
    (AP, 2/19/05)
2005        Feb 11, A political consulting firm posted the names of 19 agents and informants of Hungary's communist secret police on a Web site, and it threatened to list more.
    (AP, 2/11/05)
2005        Feb 11, A car bomb exploded outside a Shiite mosque northeast of Baghdad, killing at least 12 people and injuring dozens. Masked men sprayed gunfire into a crowd at a bakery in a mostly Shiite neighborhood in the capital, killing 11 people. A US Marine and an Army soldier were killed in separate traffic accidents.
    (AP, 2/11/05)(AP, 2/12/05)
2005        Feb 11, Kashmir police said 10 people died, including a pro-India party worker slain by Muslim rebels, a day ahead of the next round of violence-hit municipal polls.
    (AP, 2/11/05)
2005        Feb 11, North Korea demanded bilateral talks with the US to defuse the tension created by its announcement that it is a nuclear power. The White House said it was not interested in one-on-one talks.
    (AP, 2/11/05)
2005        Feb 11, A day after firing his top security commanders, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas headed to the Gaza Strip to demand that militant leaders stop attacking Israelis, a strong sign of his determination to enforce a fragile truce with Israel.
    (AP, 2/11/05)
2005        Feb 11, In South Africa Thabo Mbeki gave his state of the nation speech. He called for faster economic growth and a quicker transfer of wealth from white to black pockets.
    (Econ, 2/19/05, p.45)(www.info.gov.za/speeches/son/)
2005        Feb 11, Venezuela's vice president said US objections will not prevent Venezuela from going ahead with its plans to purchase 100,000 Kalashnikov assault rifles and dozens of Mi35 helicopters from Russia.
    (AP, 2/11/05)(Econ, 2/26/05, p.35)
2005        Feb 11, Zimbabwe announced that 1.5 million people needed food aid immediately.
    (SFC, 2/12/05, p.A3)

2006        Feb 11, Vice President Dick Cheney accidentally shot Harry Whittington (78), a hunting companion, during a weekend quail hunting trip at the 50,000-acre Armstrong ranch in Texas. Whittington, peppered with bird shot, was in stable condition.
    (AP, 2/13/06)   
2006        Feb 11, Dubai Ports World, a state-owned business in the United Arab Emirates, won approval from a secretive US panel for a $6.8 billion deal to take over operations at six American ports.
    (AP, 2/11/07)
2006        Feb 11, Adventurer Steve Fossett completed the longest nonstop flight in aviation history, flying 26,389 miles in about 76 hours, but he had to land early in southern England because of mechanical problems.
    (AP, 2/11/06)
2006        Feb 11, It was reported that the town of Hull was one of many in central Iowa whose groundwater has been contaminated by farm chemicals. It pinned hopes for its future water supply on the new Lewis and Clark Rural Water System, due to open in 2018. The system planned to pump Missouri River water across South Dakota, Minnesota and Iowa.
    (Econ, 2/11/06, p.33)
2006        Feb 11, Peter Benchley (65), "Jaws" author, died in Princeton, N.J.
    (AP, 2/11/07)
2006        Feb 11, The presidents of Armenia and Azerbaijan failed to reach agreement after two days of talks on how to end the bloody conflict over the enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh.
    (AP, 2/11/06)
2006        Feb 11, Nova Scotia's Conservative party chose Cape Bretoner Rodney MacDonald, a professional fiddler and former gym teacher, as their leader and the province's new premier following a dramatic convention in Halifax.
    (CP, 2/11/06)
2006        Feb 11, Denmark said it has temporarily withdrawn its ambassadors from Syria, Iran and Indonesia because their safety was at risk in the wake of a Danish newspaper's publication of drawings of the Prophet Muhammad.
    (AP, 2/11/06)
2006        Feb 11, An Egyptian diplomat abducted at gunpoint in the Gaza Strip was released.
    (AP, 2/11/06)
2006        Feb 11, In Indian Kashmir 8 people, including three security personnel, were killed in separate overnight clashes and rebel attacks. An Islamic separatist women's group, known for its fierce opposition to Western-style romance, vowed to prevent couples celebrating Valentine's Day.
    (AFP, 2/11/06)
2006        Feb 11, Iran's president rejected US and European pressure to freeze the country's nuclear program and hinted that Iran may withdraw from the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.
    (AP, 2/11/06)
2006        Feb 11, An Iraqi army spokesman was assassinated in Basra.
    (AP, 2/11/06)
2006        Feb 11, Italy dissolved its parliament and scheduled elections for early April, opening a campaign that pits Premier Silvio Berlusconi against a strong center-left opponent.
    (AP, 2/11/06)
2006        Feb 11, American Chad Hedrick won the 5,000 meters in speedskating at the Olympics in Turin, Italy.
    (AP, 2/11/07)
2006        Feb 11, Altynbek Sarsenbayev (43), a Kazakh former minister and leading member of the political opposition, was abducted in Almaty. He was found shot dead 2 days later along with his bodyguard and driver later near Almaty. Sarsenbaev held a senior position in Alban, a subdivision of the Elder Horde, one of Kazakhstan’s 3 great traditional tribal groupings. Relatives and supporters of Sarsenbayev accused authorities of covering up for those behind the high-profile killing as 10 defendants faced trial on June 15.
    (AP, 2/13/06)(Econ, 2/18/06, p.44)(AP, 6/14/06)
2006        Feb 11, In Pakistan tribal insurgents killed three soldiers and injured 10 others in two attacks on paramilitary forces in southwestern Baluchistan province.
    (AP, 2/11/06)
2006        Feb 11, Suspected US military fire struck the tent of a nomad family on the Pakistan side of the rugged border with Afghanistan, killing two women and injuring at least four children.
    (AP, 2/13/06)
2006        Feb 11, In Moscow G-8 finance ministers called for stepped up efforts to ensure a stable worldwide energy supply.
    (SSFC, 2/12/06, p.A23)
2006        Feb 11, In Sri Lanka a suspected separatist rebel boat carrying explosives blew up, apparently killing at least four men on board.
    (AP, 2/12/06)
2006        Feb 11, In southern Sudan a military transport plane blew a tire while landing at Aweil, swerved off the runway and exploded, killing all 20 people on board.
    (AP, 2/12/06)
2006        Feb 11, Thailand's PM Shinawatra, facing growing calls for his resignation, agreed to hold a national referendum on amending the country's constitution.
    (AP, 2/11/06)
2006        Feb 11-2006 Feb 15, The Pacific archipelago of Tokelau, population ~1,500, voted in a referendum (349-232) to remain as a territory of New Zealand rather than becoming a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tokelau_self-determination_referendum,_2006)
2006        Feb 11, In Tunis US Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld and leaders of Tunisia pledged to build closer military ties to help combat Islamic extremism.
    (AP, 2/11/06)
2006        Feb 11, It was reported that drought in northern Vietnam threatened 740,000 acres of rice as the level of the Red River continued to fall to its lowest level in over 100 years.
    (SFC, 6/4/04, A1)

2007        Feb 11, The Dixie Chicks won five Grammys in a defiant comeback after being shunned over their anti-President Bush comments about the Iraq war.
    (AP, 2/11/08)
2007        Feb 11, Harvard Univ. appointed Drew Gilpin Faust as its 28th and first female president.
    (SFC, 2/12/07, p.A5)
2007        Feb 11, Intel introduced a new super-processor at the opening of an int’l conference of chip scientists. The processor would be able to perform over 1 trillion mathematical calculations per second (teraflop), but commercial use would not be available for 5 years.
    (SFC, 2/12/07, p.A9)
2007        Feb 11, Scientists reported in the journal Nature that they had successfully prevented cleft palates in embryonic mice using a technique called chemical genetics.
    (SFC, 2/12/07, p.A3)
2007        Feb 11, Helmand’s provincial governor said an estimated 700 foreign fighters are operating in a southern Afghan province where Taliban fighters overran a town earlier this month. Asserting a right to self-defense the commander of US forces in the region said American forces in eastern Afghanistan have launched artillery rounds into Pakistan to strike Taliban fighters who attack remote US outposts. A US service member died of a gunshot wound in northern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/11/07)
2007        Feb 11, Muhammad Yunus, Bangladesh's "banker to the poor" and Nobel Peace Prize winner, formally announced his willingness to form a new political party to take part in forthcoming elections. In May Yunus reversed his decision to enter politics.
    (AFP, 2/11/07)(Econ, 5/12/07, p.46)
2007        Feb 11, In Egypt Osama Hassan Mustafa Nasr, known as Abu Omar, was released. The Egyptian Muslim preacher had been allegedly kidnapped by CIA agents off the streets of Milan, Italy, on Feb 17, 2003, and taken to Egypt. It was reported that since the end of December seven women have been stabbed by a dark-skinned man in his 20s in Cairo’s Maadi suburb, whose richer areas are home to numerous embassies and many foreigners.
    (AP, 2/12/07)(AFP, 2/12/07)
2007        Feb 11, In France socialist presidential candidate Segolene Royal unveiled a long-awaited platform that promised to boost the minimum wage and pension payments.
    (AP, 2/11/07)
2007        Feb 11, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, marking the 28th anniversary of the Islamic Revolution, vowed his country would not give up uranium enrichment.
    (AP, 2/11/08)
2007        Feb 11, A suicide truck bomber slammed into a crowd of police lining up for duty near Tikrit, collapsing the station and killing at least 30 people and wounding 50. 21 of the 30 killed were policemen. Minutes later, a roadside bomb struck a car on a highway on the western outskirts of Tikrit killing two civilians and wounding two others. A suicide bomber blew himself up next to a police patrol in the religiously mixed neighborhood of Ilam in southwestern Baghdad, killing one policeman. A parked car bomb exploded near an intersection, killing two people and wounding three in Mansour. A US soldier was killed after coming under small-arms fire northeast of Baghdad. A senior US intelligence officer said high-tech roadside bombs, that have proved particularly deadly to American soldiers, are manufactured in Iran and delivered to Iraq on orders from the "highest levels" of the Iranian government. Another US soldier was killed in fighting in Anbar province.
    (AP, 2/11/07)(AP, 2/13/07)
2007        Feb 11, Israel successfully conducted its first nighttime test of the Arrow anti-missile system after sundown.
    (AP, 2/11/07)
2007        Feb 11, Indian Kashmir was hit by clashes between police and protesters as separatists held a general strike marking the anniversary of the execution of a prominent rebel.
    (AP, 2/11/07)
2007        Feb 11, In Kosovo 2 protesters injured the previous day in violent clashes with police died of their wounds.
    (AP, 2/11/07)
2007        Feb 11, Portugal held a national referendum on whether to discard its strict abortion law, a battle that pits the Socialist government against conservative parties and the Catholic Church. Almost 60% of voters approved the referendum allowing women to opt for abortions up to the 10th week of pregnancy, however the turnout was only 44%.
    (AP, 2/11/07)(AP, 2/12/07)
2007        Feb 11, President Vladimir Putin, making the first visit by a Russian leader to Saudi Arabia, met King Abdullah and other senior officials for talks that touched on regional tensions including Iraq and the Palestinian territories.
    (AP, 2/11/07)
2007        Feb 11, A Syrian court sentenced Mohammed Haydar Zammar, a man believed to have known the Sept. 11 hijackers, to 12 years in prison for membership in the banned Muslim Brotherhood organization.
    (AP, 2/11/07)
2007        Feb 11, Voters cast ballots as Turkmenistan, ruled for more than two decades by an eccentric autocrat, held its first presidential election with more than one candidate, but still only one party.
    (AP, 2/11/07)
2007        Feb 11, In Venezuela officials said President Hugo Chavez's government has drafted a decree allowing officials to take control of food distribution chains, including supermarkets and storage depots, if services are interrupted.
    (AP, 2/11/07)

2008        Feb 11, A US defense official, an ex-Boeing engineer and two others were charged in 2 separate spy cases with spying for China involving sensitive military and aerospace secrets, including on the space shuttle. Dongfan Chung, a longtime aerospace worker in Southern California, was indicted for allegedly passing classified documents to China in an elaborate espionage endeavor that spanned two decades and exposed trade secrets from the space shuttle, the Delta IV rocket and the C-17 military transport aircraft. In 2010 Chung was sentenced to over 15 years in prison.
    (http://articles.latimes.com/2008/feb/12/nation/na-espionage12)(SFC, 2/12/08, p.A3)(SFC, 2/9/10, p.A4)
2008        Feb 11, William Lerach (61), a former partner at a well-known New York law firm, was sentenced to two years in federal prison for his role in a lucrative kickback scheme involving class-action lawsuits against some of the nation's biggest corporations. Authorities said Lerach's former firm, now known as Milberg Weiss, made an estimated $250 million over two decades by filing legal actions on behalf of professional plaintiffs who received kickbacks.
    (AP, 2/11/08)
2008        Feb 11, It was reported that Patricia Cornwell (51), crime novelist, was donating $1 million to NYC’s John Jay College of Criminal Justice to help start a Crime Scene Academy.
    (WSJ, 2/11/08, p.B7)
2008        Feb 11, It was reported that Ronald Fearing, Berkeley professor in electrical engineering, has invented a tape-like substance based on the physics used by geckos to scoot upside-down across ceilings.
    (SFC, 2/11/08, p.C1)
2008        Feb 11, Dow Jones added Chevron and Bank of America to its DJIA index in place of Altria Group and Honeywell Int’l.
    (SFC, 2/12/08, p.C1)
2008        Feb 11, Rep. Tom Lantos (80) of California, the only Holocaust survivor to serve in Congress, died.
    (AP, 2/11/08)
2008        Feb 11, Frank Piasecki (b.1919), helicopter pioneer and test pilot, died. In 1940 he co-founded P-V Engineering Forum (1940) with Howard Venzie. In 1960 Piasecki Helicopter Corp. merged with Boeing Airplane Co.
    (WSJ, 2/16/08, p.A6)
2008        Feb 11, President Evo Morales declared a US Embassy security officer to be an "undesirable person" after reports that the officer asked an American scholar and 30 Peace Corps volunteers to pass along information about Cubans and Venezuelans working in Bolivia.
    (AP, 2/11/08)
2008        Feb 11, In London the price of platinum struck an historic high nearing $1,900 on supply disruptions caused by power shortages in South Africa, the white metal's biggest producer.
    (AP, 2/11/08)
2008        Feb 11, Chad's PM Nouradin Koumakoye demanded that the international community remove refugees who have fled to Chad from Sudan's Darfur region.
    (AP, 2/11/08)
2008        Feb 11, A Cairo appeals court acquitted Howayda Taha, an Al-Jazeera journalist sentenced to six months over a film that highlighted torture in Egyptian police stations, but it still upheld a fine against her.
    (AFP, 2/11/08)
2008        Feb 11, Rebel soldiers shot and critically wounded East Timor's Pres. Jose Ramos-Horta, and opened fire on PM Xanana Gusmao, in a failed coup attempt in the recently independent nation. Rebel leader Alfredo Reinado and one of his men were killed in the attack on the home of Ramos-Horta, while one of the president's guards also died. In 2010 Angelita Pires (43), an Australian woman, was cleared of the attempted assassination. Prosecutors had stated that she had persuaded her lover, rebel leader Alfredo Reinado, to mount the attack. 23 others were sentenced to jail terms ranging from nine to 16 years. 4 others were acquitted.
    (AP, 2/11/08)(AP, 3/3/10)
2008        Feb 11, Twin car bombs struck near the compound of Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim, one of Iraq's most powerful Shiite politicians, killing at least six civilians and wounding 20.
    (AP, 2/11/08)
2008        Feb 11, In Japan US Staff Sergeant Tyrone Luther Hadnott was arrested after a 14-year-old girl said he raped her in his car. Hadnott was released Feb 29 after the girl withdrew her criminal complaint against him. He still faced a US military investigation. On May 16 Hadnott (38) was found guilty of abusive sexual conduct and sentenced to four years in prison.
    (AFP, 2/12/08)(AP, 3/1/08)(AP, 5/16/08)
2008        Feb 11, Gunmen killed a Nigerian naval officer and forced several others to dive for their lives into the water in oil-rich southern Rivers State.
    (AFP, 2/11/08)
2008        Feb 11, Pakistani security forces critically wounded Mansoor Dadullah, a top figure in the Taliban militia, among six militants captured after a firefight near the border. Nisar Ali Khan, an independent candidate running in next week's parliamentary elections, was killed along with seven supporters in a suicide attack in North Waziristan. Pakistani lawyers began a nationwide boycott of the courts to pressure the president to reinstate senior judges he sacked under a state of emergency more than three months ago. Pakistani envoy, Tariq Azizuddin, was heading to the Afghan capital Kabul with his driver when they disappeared in the lawless Khyber tribal district. Azizuddin was released on May 17. 2 technicians from the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission were abducted by masked men in the country's northwest.
    (AP, 2/11/08)(AFP, 2/12/08)(AP, 5/17/08)
2008        Feb 11, Spanish police arrested at least 13 members of the outlawed Basque separatist party Batasuna in a crackdown on groups linked to the armed organization ETA before next month's elections.
    (AP, 2/11/08)
2008        Feb 11, Uruguay President Tabare Vazquez ousted his ministers of defense, foreign affairs and industry, saying he was seeking a better team for his final two years in office.
    (AP, 2/12/08)

2009        Feb 11, US House and Senate leaders agreed to a $789 stimulus package.
    (SFC, 2/12/09, p.A1)
2009        Feb 11, Massachusetts' top securities regulator said the wife of accused Wall Street swindler Bernard Madoff pulled $15 million out of a brokerage account only days before her husband was arrested.
    (Reuters, 2/12/09)
2009        Feb 11, San Francisco city leaders banned floats, beer and nudity for the upcoming 98th annual Bay to Breakers run. On Feb 27 city officials agreed to allow nudity and registered floats free of alcohol.
    (SFC, 2/12/09, p.A1)(SFC, 2/28/09, p.B1)
2009        Feb 11, BrightSource Energy of Oakland, California, announced that it will sell southern California Edison 1,300 megawatts of electricity from 7 large solar plants planned for the California desert. This was believed to be the world’s largest solar deal to date. In September BrightSource said it had ceased plans for a solar plant at Broadwell Dry Lake in the Mojave desert.
    (SFC, 2/12/09, p.A1)(SSFC, 9/20/09, p.D4)
2009        Feb 11, Estelle Bennett (67), one of the Ronettes, was found dead at her home in Englewood, N.J. She was part of the singing trio whose 1963 hit "Be My Baby" epitomized the famed "wall of sound" technique of its producer, Phil Spector.
    (AP, 2/13/09)
2009        Feb 11, In NYC Guido Salvador Carabajo-Jara (26), an immigrant from Ecuador, died after he was hit by a car then trapped under a van and dragged for nearly 20 miles.
    (SFC, 2/13/09, p.A6)
2009        Feb 11, In Afghanistan 8 Taliban gunmen wearing suicide vests attacked 3 government buildings in a coordinated assault that killed 20 people in the heart of Kabul just ahead of a planned visit from the new US envoy to the region. A spokesman for the Taliban, said the attacks were in response to the alleged mistreatment of Taliban prisoners in Afghan government jails. In Logar province a roadside bomb exploded near a French military medical team's convoy, killing one French officer and two Afghans. Also in Logar province a helicopter with the US-backed coalition killed five civilians as it responded to ground fire.
    (AP, 2/11/09)
2009        Feb 11, In Austria Mike Brennan, a teacher and former football player from Jacksonville, Florida, working in Vienna, was attacked by two undercover police officers at a subway station. The police did not identify themselves and left Brennan lying on the platform. In 2010 prosecutors charged an undercover policemen with badly beating the black American teacher after mistaking him for a drug dealer. On Jan 11, 2011, a judge convicted an undercover Austrian police officer of attacking Brennan after mistaking him for an African drug dealer and ordered him to pay a euro2,800 ($3,620) fine.
    (AP, 4/27/10)(AP, 1/11/11)
2009        Feb 11, In Azerbaijan a gunman fatally shot air force chief Lt. Gen. Rail Rzayev (63) outside his home. He had represented Azerbaijan in talks with Russia and the US on Moscow's 2007 proposal to make a Soviet-built radar station in Azerbaijan.
    (AP, 2/11/09)
2009        Feb 11, In Egypt archeologist revealed the discovery of a burial chamber 36 feet below ground at the necropolis of Saqqara dating back to about 640BC.
    (WSJ, 2/12/09, p.A9)
2009        Feb 11, India’s Supreme Court declared ragging, the bullying of first-year undergraduates by older university students, a “human rights abuse in essence" and ordered measures to stamp it out.
    (Econ, 8/1/09, p.38)(http://tinyurl.com/lg6v9a)
2009        Feb 11, In Iraq at least 12 people were killed and 25 others wounded in bombings in Baghdad targeting Shiite pilgrims traveling to Karbala.
    (AP, 2/11/09)(SFC, 2/13/09, p.A4)
2009        Feb 11, Inconclusive election results sent Israel into political limbo with both Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni and hard-line leader Benjamin Netanyahu claiming victory and leaving the kingmaker role to a rising political hawk with an anti-Arab platform.
    (AP, 2/11/09)
2009        Feb 11, In northwest Pakistan provincial lawmaker Alam Zeb Khan was killed and seven other people wounded after a bicycle bombing in Peshawar, as US envoy Richard Holbrooke visited the city.
    (AFP, 2/11/09)
2009        Feb 11, The Philippines Supreme Court said in a statement it had ordered Manila to negotiate with the US authorities for an "appropriate agreement on detention facilities under Philippine authorities" for Lance Corporal Daniel Smith. In 2006 Smith was convicted and sentenced to 40 years in jail for raping a Filipina after he took part in military exercises north of Manila in 2005.
    (AFP, 2/11/09)
2009        Feb 11, Off Somalia the USS Vella Gulf detained seven suspected pirates, the Navy's first arrests since it established an anti-piracy task force this year.
    (AP, 2/13/09)
2009        Feb 11, Officials in Uruguay said a Cuban long-distance runner and track coach have disappeared and apparently intend to defect. Aguelmis Rojas and Rafael Diaz had arrived in January on a sports exchange program in Maldonado.
    (AP, 2/12/09)
2009        Feb 11, Judges at the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal voted to suspend the trial of ultranationalist Serb leader Vojislav Seselj after the prosecution said its case was being undermined by witness intimidation. The decision came after 71 prosecution witnesses had already been heard and with only a handful still to testify.
    (AP, 2/11/09)
2009        Feb 11, Zimbabwe's opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai was sworn in as prime minister, joining President Robert Mugabe in a unity government after a decade of struggling to push him from power.
    (AFP, 2/11/09)

2010        Feb 11, The US military used a laser gun aboard a Boeing 747 jumbo jet to shoot down a missile near Point Mugu, Ventura County, Ca. The airborne laser program began in 1996 and has cost billion of dollars.
    (SFC, 2/13/10, p.A6)
2010        Feb 11, A Taliban suicide bomber wearing a border police uniform entered a US military base near the Pakistani border and blew himself up injuring five Americans. A joint Afghan-NATO force killed several insurgents during a raid on a compound where troops discovered the bodies of two men and two bound and gagged women. Family members accused US soldiers of killing innocent civilians.
    (AP, 2/12/10)
2010        Feb 11, In the Antarctic Ocean Sea Shepherd protesters shot butyric acid, produced from stinking rancid butter, at Japanese whalers to try to disrupt the annual whale hunt. The activists maintained that butyric acid is nontoxic.
    (AP, 2/12/10)
2010        Feb 11, In Australia a shadowy group of cyber-activists succeeded in jamming key Australian government websites for a second consecutive day and warned they could shut down the sites for months in protest over controversial plans to filter the Internet. Codenamed "Operation: Titstorm", the hacking campaign involved hundreds of people from around the world and used a technique called Distributed Denial of Service to jam web traffic.
    (AFP, 2/11/10)
2010        Feb 11, In Brazil gunfire erupted in a Rio de Janeiro slum, killing at least seven suspected drug traffickers and a policeman a day before the Carnival celebrations kick off. Jose Roberto Arruda (57), the governor of Brasilia, was detained after a witness in a corruption investigation accused the governor of trying to bribe him.
    (AP, 2/11/10)(Econ, 2/27/10, p.43)
2010        Feb 11, Volkswagen announced it was recalling nearly 200,000 vehicles in Brazil because of a problem with the rear wheels that could cause them to seize or fall off.
    (AP, 2/11/10)
2010        Feb 11, British fashion designer Alexander McQueen (40) was found dead at his London home. McQueen received recognition from Queen Elizabeth II in 2003, when she made him a Commander of the British Empire for his fashion leadership. A Feb 17 coroner’s report gave the cause of the fashion designer's death as asphyxiation and hanging.
    (AP, 2/11/10)(AP, 2/17/10)
2010        Feb 11, Christopher Grady (41) drove his car into the freezing into the River Avon in Evesham, Worcestershire, England, while his daughter was in the passenger seat. Gabrielle was trapped inside the submerged car for two hours and died three days later in hospital. His then six-year-old son Ryan Grady, survived after being rescued from the water by police. On March 18, 2011, Christopher Grady was convicted of murdering his daughter.
    (AFP, 3/18/11)
2010        Feb 11, In Ecuador tens of thousands of protesters crowded into downtown Guayaquil, answering a call from the mayor of Ecuador's biggest city to demonstrate against the national government. Mayor Jaime Nebot, a conservative, accused President Rafael Correa of trying to build a system that Nebot called a copy of Venezuela's leftist leader, Hugo Chavez.
    (AP, 2/11/10)
2010        Feb 11, Indonesia's former anti-graft chief, Antasari Azhar (56), was convicted of plotting the murder of a businessman and sentenced to 18 years in prison, in a case that has undermined the country's fight against corruption.
    (AP, 2/11/10)
2010        Feb 11, Iran’s President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad claimed that Iran has produced its first batch of uranium enriched to a higher level, saying his country will not be bullied by the West into curtailing its nuclear program a day after the US imposed new sanctions. Hundreds of thousands of government supporters massed in central Tehran to mark the anniversary of the revolution that created Iran's Islamic republic, while a heavy security force that fanned across the city moved quickly to snuff out counter protests by the opposition.
    (AP, 2/11/10)
2010        Feb 11, The Iraqi interior minister said he had expelled 250 ex-employees of the American security firm Blackwater, whose guards were charged with killing unarmed civilians in Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/11/10)
2010        Feb 11, Opponents of Israel's contentious separation barrier in the West Bank scored a long-awaited victory when the government began rerouting the enclosure to eat up less of a Palestinian village that has become a symbol of anti-wall protests and the site of frequent clashes. A Palestinian militant was killed and two young girls wounded by Israeli fire in the Gaza Strip in two separate incidents.
    (AP, 2/11/10)(AFP, 2/11/10)
2010        Feb 11, Italy's Fiat SpA and Russian automobile company Sollers announced a euro2.4 billion ($3.3 billion) joint venture to produce up to 500,000 vehicles per year in Russia in a bid to become the country's second-largest car maker.
    (AP, 2/11/10)
2010        Feb 11, A Libyan appeal court reduced the 16-month jail sentence of Max Goeldi, a Swiss businessman, for overstaying his visa to four months.
    (AFP, 2/11/10)
2010        Feb 11, In Pakistan a double bombing targeted police killing up to 15 people and wounding 25 others in the northwestern town of Bannu.
    (AFP, 2/11/10)
2010        Feb 11, The Philippines launched a European-funded program to reduce the country's large number of extralegal killings and disappearances of activists, journalists and union workers. The EU has pledged euro3.9 million ($5.36 million) for the EU-Philippines Justice Support Program to provide technical aid and training to bolster the country's criminal justice system.
    (AP, 2/11/10)
2010        Feb 11, Russian government forces killed 4 innocent civilians in the North Caucasus. 4 garlic pickers died along with 18 suspected Islamic militants in a three-day shootout in the mountainous forests that straddle the North Caucasus provinces of Ingushetia and Chechnya.
    (AP, 4/3/10)
2010        Feb 11, The Saudi religious police launched a nationwide crackdown on stores selling items that are red or in any other way allude to the banned celebrations of Valentine's Day.
    (AP, 2/11/10)
2010        Feb 11, In Spain Roberto Florez Garcia (44), a former Spanish intelligence officer, was convicted of trying to sell secrets to Russia and imprisoned for 12 years. Garcia worked at Spain's intelligence headquarters from 1991 to 2004, when he quit. He was arrested on the Canary island of Tenerife in 2007 and went on trial in January.
    (AP, 2/11/10)
2010        Feb 11, Sri Lankan police swinging batons dispersed a crowd protesting the detention of the defeated opposition presidential candidate, former army chief Sarath Fonseka, who appealed to his supporters for calm.
    (AP, 2/11/10)
2010        Feb 11, In Tanzania a UN tribunal found former Rwandan Lt. Col. Tharcisse Muvunyi guilty of exhorting a crowd to kill Tutsis and destroy their homes during the 1994 genocide that ripped through the Central African nation. He was sentenced to 15 years in prison.
    (AP, 2/11/10)
2010        Feb 11, Thai prosecutors said they have dropped charges against the five-man crew of an aircraft accused of smuggling weapons from North Korea, saying the men, arrested on Dec 12, might be guilty but would be deported to preserve good relations with their home countries. The decision was made after the governments of Belarus and Kazakhstan contacted the Thai Foreign Ministry and requested the crew's release so they can be investigated at home.
    (AP, 2/11/10)

2011        Feb 11, A top US diplomat for arms control said Poland and other Eastern European countries are expressing concern to the United States about an arsenal of tactical nuclear weapons believed to be at their doorsteps in Russia's Kaliningrad exclave.
    (AP, 2/11/11)
2011        Feb 11, Ingmar Guandique (29) was convicted of 1st degree murder in the April 30, 2001, disappearance of Chandra Levy (24), a DC intern from Modesto, Ca.
    (SFC, 2/12/11, p.A6)
2011        Feb 11, Pandora Media Inc., an Internet radio company, announced plans to go public and raise as much as $100 million from sale of stock.
    (SFC, 2/12/11, p.D1)
2011        Feb 11, Bahrain state news agency BNA said the king has ordered that each family in the tiny Gulf monarchy be given $3,000 to mark the 10th anniversary of a national charter for reforms.
    (Econ, 2/19/11, p.53)(http://tinyurl.com/4h7odkv)
2011        Feb 11, In Brazil at least 35 people, mostly Rio de Janeiro police officers, were arrested on suspicion of colluding with drug gangs as the Brazilian city attempts to clean itself up before hosting the 2014 World Cup and the Olympic Games two years later.
    (Reuters, 2/12/11)
2011        Feb 11, A British court approved the extradition to the US of retired British businessman Christopher Tappin, a man who allegedly plotted to sell missile components to Iran. US authorities say Tappin offered in 2006 to sell five specialized batteries for Hawk missiles for $25,000, not knowing that his contacts were undercover US agents instead of Iranians.
    (AP, 2/11/11)
2011        Feb 11, Canada asked the World Trade Organization to set up a panel to resolve its dispute with the European Union over the EU's ban on trade in seal products.
    (Reuters, 2/11/11)
2011        Feb 11, China’s foreign Minister Yan Jiechi said that China plans to increase economic cooperation with longtime African ally Zimbabwe in mining, agriculture and other ventures. He met with Pres. Mugabe in Harare. Mugabe thanked Yang for China's training of his guerrillas to help in "demolishing colonialism" before independence from British colonial rule in 1980.
    (AP, 2/11/11)
2011        Feb 11, Colombian FARC rebels released to the International Red Cross two more captives, a young marine they captured eight months ago and Armando Acuna, a town councilman (48) seized in 2009.
    (AP, 2/11/11)
2011        Feb 11, Cuba agreed to release 2 prominent dissidents who have refused for months to accept exile in Spain. Hector Maseda and Angel Moya said they wanted to remain in jail until other opposition leaders were freed and other demands were met. Jail officials the next day simply tossed the men out, saying they could no longer stay behind bars.
    (AP, 2/11/11)(AP, 2/12/11)
2011        Feb 11, In Equatorial Guinea writer Juan Tomas Avila Laurel (44) began a hunger strike. He left Malabo the next day for Barcelona, Spain, amid fears for his safety.
    (AP, 2/27/11)
2011        Feb 11, Egypt's powerful military tried to defuse outrage over President Hosni Mubarak's refusal to step down, assuring it would guarantee promised reforms. But hundreds of thousands only grew angrier, deluging squares in at least three major cities and marching on presidential palaces and the state TV building for a Day of Martyrs. Mubarak flew to the Sinai resort of Sharm el-Sheikh, some 250 miles away from the turmoil. Mubarak stepped down as Egypt's president following 18 days of mass protests, handing over to the army and ending three decades of autocratic rule. Vice President Omar Suleiman named a military council to run the country's affairs. Cairo erupted in a cacophony of celebration: fireworks and car horns and gunshots in the air. Defense Minister Hussein Tantawi (75) took power from Mubarak. CBS correspondent Lara Logan was beaten and sexually assaulted by a mob while covering the jubilation in Cairo's Tahrir Square. She was saved by a group of women and an estimated 20 Egyptian soldiers. About 23,000 of the nation's 80,000 prisoners escaped during the 18-day uprising that lead to the ouster of President Hosanna Mubarak. 
    (AP, 2/11/11)(Reuters, 2/11/11)(AP, 2/12/11)(AP, 2/16/11)(Reuters, 2/16/11)(Econ, 2/12/11, p.28)(AP, 3/11/11)
2011        Feb 11, Finland’s Nokia corp. announced plans to make Microsoft Windows its primary software in the competition for smart-phone customers.
    (SFC, 2/12/11, p.D1)
2011        Feb 11, Diplomatic relations between France and Mexico deteriorated into a crisis, after a Mexican court upheld a 60-year prison term for Florence Cassez (36), a French woman convicted of kidnapping.
    (AFP, 2/12/11)
2011        Feb 11, In Iran hundreds of thousands turned out to mark the 32nd anniversary of the country’s Islamic Revolution in a rally the clerical establishment billed as a chance to show solidarity with "Islamic" protesters in Egypt.
    (Reuters, 2/11/11)
2011        Feb 11, Italy warned it faces a humanitarian crisis with some 1,600 would-be migrants from Tunisia arriving in its waters over the past two weeks following unrest in their home country.
    (AP, 2/11/11)
2011        Feb 11, Hundreds of Jordanians took to the streets in rival protests, one calling for the ouster of their new prime minister and the other to support toppling Egypt's embattled leader.
    (AP, 2/11/11)
2011        Feb 11, Malaysian prosecutors filed charges carrying the death penalty against seven suspected Somali pirates accused of attacking a Malaysian-operated ship in the Gulf of Aden, in the first such charges in Asia against the African sea bandits.
    (AP, 2/11/11)
2011        Feb 11, Pakistan's Pres. Asif Ali Zardari swore 22 ministers into office in the first phase of a government reshuffle designed to reduce the size of the cabinet and curb public spending.
    (AFP, 2/11/11)
2011        Feb 11, Pakistani police baton charged Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) employees, detaining 20 of them, following violent protests as all of the carrier's flights remained grounded for a second day.
    (AFP, 2/11/11)
2011        Feb 11, Pakistani police alleged that Raymond Allen Davis, an American held in a pair of Jan 27 shootings, committed "cold-blooded murder." A judge ordered the man's detention extended for 14 days in a local jail and told the Pakistani government to clarify if he has diplomatic immunity.
    (AP, 2/11/11)
2011        Feb 11, Rwanda's High Court sentenced opposition leader Bernard Ntaganda, the founder of the PS-Imberakuri party, to four years in prison and fined three others opposition figures in a trial that an international human rights body said was politically motivated.
    (AP, 2/12/11)
2011        Feb 11, Switzerland froze any assets belonging to Egypt’s Hosni Mubarak or his family.
    (SFC, 2/12/11, p.A5)
2011        Feb 11, In Switzerland a twin-engine plane crashed at an altitude of 9,200 feet (2,800 meters) in the Val d'Anniviers near the border with Italy. A Swiss pilot and a French family of 4 were killed in the crash.
    (AP, 2/13/11)
2011        Feb 11, A Turkish court ruled that 133 current and former military officers must be jailed pending the outcome of their trial on charges of plotting to overthrow the government and issued warrants for the arrests of 29 other officers.
    (AP, 2/12/11)
2011        Feb 11, Yemeni police, including plainclothes agents, drove several thousand protesters away from Sanaa's main square. The demonstrators tore up pictures of President Ali Abdullah Saleh and shouted slogans demanding his immediate resignation.
    (AP, 2/12/11)

2012        Feb 11, Mitt Romney scored a narrow low turnout victory, 39% to 36%, over Ron Paul in Maine's Republican presidential caucuses. Rick Santorum finished third with 18%. Newt Gingrich finished fourth, with 6%. Maine's 24 delegates are not allocated by the results of the caucuses.
    (SSFC, 2/12/12, p.A16)
2012        Feb 11, Whitney Houston (b.1963), singer and actress, died at the Beverly Hilton hotel on the eve of the Grammy Awards in Los Angeles. Houston was found "underwater and unconscious" in the bathtub of her hotel room. Prescription drugs were found nearby, and bottles of champagne and beer were in the adjacent room. Her soaring voice lifted her to the top of the pop music world but a personal decline was fueled by years of drug use. She crossed over from music success to TV and movies, appearing in "The Bodyguard" (1992), as well as "Waiting to Exhale" (1995) and "The Preacher's Wife" (1996).
    (Reuters, 2/12/12)(AP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 11, In eastern Afghanistan gunmen burst into a family home of a provincial judge, killing him and his niece in the latest assassination of an Afghan government official. Mohammad Nasir, the head of the appeals court for Kunar province, was visiting family in neighboring Nangarhar province. A helicopter operated by US military contractors crashed in the mountains of Zabul province, killing all four Tajik crew members.
    (AP, 2/12/12)
2012        Feb 11, Bahrain deported two American women accused of aiding antigovernment activists. On Feb 16 the Information Affairs Authority said 6 members of Witness Bahrain, a group monitoring potential human rights abuses, have been deported.
    (SSFC, 2/12/12, p.A6)(SFC, 2/17/12, p.A2)
2012        Feb 11, In Bangladesh 2 prominent television journalists, Meherun Runi (33) and Sagar Sarwar (35), were brutally stabbed to death at their home in the capital Dhaka. The couple's son (6) called his grandmother and said that his parents were lying on the floor.
    (AFP, 2/11/12)
2012        Feb 11, In Brazil police in the northeastern state of Bahia voted to end their 12-day walkout, during which time the homicide rate doubled to more than 130 in the metropolitan area of Salvador. Officials on Feb 13 said current and former police officers may have committed up to 30 murders during the police strike in Bahia state.
    (AP, 2/12/12)(AP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 11, Britain's biggest-selling tabloid newspaper, The Sun, was fighting to contain the damage after five of its employees were arrested in an inquiry into the alleged payment of bribes to police and other officials. A 39-year-old female employee at Britain's defense ministry, a 36-year-old male member of the armed forces and a 39-year-old serving police officer with Surrey Police, were also arrested in an early morning raid.
    (AP, 2/11/12)
2012        Feb 11, Canada set the seal on improving ties with China by agreeing to a 10-year loan for two giant pandas, traditionally an indication of official approval from Beijing.
    (Reuters, 2/11/12)
2012        Feb 11, In China Tenzin Choedron (Choedon), an 18-year-old nun, set herself on fire in Sichuan province and later died, the latest in a spate of such incidents among ethnic Tibetans protesting Beijing's rule.
    (AFP, 2/12/12)
2012        Feb 11, In Egypt student activists held strikes to mark a year since they toppled Hosni Mubarak, leaving an increasingly unpopular and defiant military in charge. The planned day of civil disobedience and strikes saw only a small turnout.
    (AFP, 2/11/12)
2012        Feb 11, It was reported that a mysterious epidemic is devastating the Pacific coast of Central America, killing more than 24,000 people in El Salvador and Nicaragua since 2000 and striking thousands of others with chronic kidney disease at rates unseen virtually anywhere else. Scientists say they have received reports of the phenomenon as far north as southern Mexico and as far south as Panama. Researchers suspected chronic dehydration. Elsy Brizuela, a doctor who works with an El Salvadoran project to treat workers and research the epidemic, discounts the dehydration theory and insists "the common factor is exposure to herbicides and poisons." In Nicaragua, the number of annual deaths from chronic kidney disease more than doubled in a decade, from 466 in 2000 to 1,047 in 2010. In El Salvador there was a similar jump, from 1,282 in 2000 to 2,181 in 2010.
    (AP, 2/11/12)
2012        Feb 11, In Europe snow drifts reaching up to rooftops kept tens of thousands of villagers prisoners in their own homes as the death toll from the big freeze rose past 550. On the French Mediterranean island of Corsica snow was up to one meter thick in the higher villages and all flights were cancelled from Bastia airport.
    (AFP, 2/11/12)
2012        Feb 11, In Iraq a group of political dissidents created a new opposition party, the Union of Patriotic Figures, to act as a check on the country’s government.
    (SSFC, 2/12/12, p.A6)
2012        Feb 11, In Iraq a car bomb seriously wounded Lt. Col. Salman Kadhim, a local police chief in Jbala. Two of Kadhim’s guards were also wounded in the explosion.
    (AP, 2/11/12)
2012        Feb 11, In Indian Kashmir protesters blocked a main highway after a young man was shot dead by the army in what military officials described as an "accidental" shooting. Ashiq Hussain Rather (22) was killed the previous evening when a soldier accidentally fired his rifle as security forces combed the area for militants.
    (AFP, 2/11/12)
2012        Feb 11, In Japan thousands demonstrated in Tokyo against nuclear power generation, 11 months after a massive earthquake and tsunami sparked reactor meltdowns at the Fukushima nuclear power plant.
    (AFP, 2/11/12)
2012        Feb 11, In Kosovo at least nine members of one family died in an avalanche that hit the village of Restelica near the border with Macedonia. Ansera Reka (5) was pulled from the rubble of one house after being buried for over 10 hours.
    (AP, 2/12/12)
2012        Feb 11, Lebanese security officials said clashes overnight between pro- and anti-Syria gunmen in a northern Lebanese city have left one person dead and 12 wounded.
    (AP, 2/11/12)
2012        Feb 11, Libya demanded Niger hand over Al-Saadi Gadhafi, one of Moammar Gadhafi's sons who is under house arrest there, after he warned in a television interview that his homeland was facing a new uprising.
    (AP, 2/11/12)
2012        Feb 11, Montenegro authorities said the heaviest snow in 63 years has sealed off hundreds of villages, shut roads and closed the main airport.
    (AP, 2/11/12)
2012        Feb 11, In Myanmar some 5,000 software developers and bloggers gathered in Yangon for BarCamp, a get-together of geeks founded 7 years ago in Silicon Valley. The first BarCamp was held in Palo Alto, California, from August 19–21, 2005, in the offices of Socialtext.
    (Econ, 3/3/12, p.78)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BarCamp)
2012        Feb 11, In Pakistan the 5-member Haqqani network leadership council distributed a pamphlet ordering militants not to stage rocket or bomb attacks in North Waziristan due to an agreement with the Pakistani government. The Pakistani military has never publicly acknowledged a peace agreement with militants in North Waziristan.
    (AP, 2/12/12)
2012        Feb 11, Philippine government agents in Manila arrested Dr. Eric Chan, alias Eric Uy Garchitorena, accused of defrauding a California health care program of more than $3 million.
    (AP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 11, South Africa launched a new line of bank notes bearing the image of its first democratically elected president, Nelson Mandela (93), on the 22nd anniversary of his release from prison.
    (AFP, 2/11/12)
2012        Feb 11, Sri Lanka’s government increased fuel prices. The last night action led to protests across the country.
    (AP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 11, In Syria gunmen assassinated Brig. Gen. Issa al-Khouli in Damascus in the first killing of a high ranking military officer in the capital since the uprising against President Bashar Assad's regime began in March. Al-Khouli was a doctor and the chief of a military hospital in the capital. Violence in other parts of the country left at least 11 people dead as regime troops pushed into rebel-held neighborhoods in Homs and shelled the mountain town of Zabadani. Zabadani capitulated to government forces.
    (AP, 2/11/12)(Econ, 2/18/12, p.51)
2012        Feb 11, Turkish warplanes bombed suspected Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 2/12/12)

2013        Feb 11, US Defense Sec. Leon Panetta extended additional military benefits to gay and lesbian couples.
    (SFC, 2/12/13, p.A5)
2013        Feb 11, The US began its withdrawal from Afghanistan in earnest, sending the first of what will be tens of thousands of containers home through a once-blocked land route through Pakistan.
    (AP, 2/11/13)
2013        Feb 11, In Delaware a gunman battling over child custody opened fire in a courtroom in Wilmington leaving two women dead before fatally shooting himself.
    (SFC, 2/12/13, p.A50)
2013        Feb 11, In Florida former state Republican Party chairman Jim Greer (50) pleaded guilty to theft and money laundering just before jury selection was to begin in his criminal trial.
    (SFC, 2/12/13, p.A4)
2013        Feb 11, An Afghan government panel acknowledged widespread torture of detainees after a 2-week investigation of a UN report citing rampant abuses.
    (SFC, 2/12/13, p.A2)
2013        Feb 11, Angola received a boost to its free speech from the Portuguese courts, which refused to allow Angolan generals to stop the publication of the book “"Blood Diamonds: Corruption and Torture in Angola" by Rafael Marques. It exposed corruption and human rights abuses in the country's lucrative diamond mines.
    (AP, 2/13/13)
2013        Feb 11, British health officials said a new virus from the same family as SARS, that sparked a global alert last September, has been found in a patient in Manchester who had traveled to the Middle East and Pakistan.
    (AP, 2/11/13)   
2013        Feb 11, Egypt’s Senior Scholars Authority elected Shawki Ibrahim Abdel-Karim, a professor in Islamic jurisprudence, as Grand Mufti. Previously, the Grand Mufti was appointed by the president. Security forces sprayed protesters with water hoses and tear gas outside the presidential palace as Egyptians marked the 2nd anniversary of the fall of Hosni Mubarak's with demonstrations against his elected successor.   
    (AP, 2/11/13)
2013        Feb 11, French and Malian government forces regained control of Gao.
    (AP, 2/11/13)
2013        Feb 11, In Indian-controlled Kashmir 3 young people were left dead in violence despite a curfew that continued for a third day following the Feb 9 execution of a Kashmiri man convicted in a deadly 2001 attack on India's Parliament.
    (AP, 2/11/13)
2013        Feb 11, In Iraq suicide bomber detonated his explosives-laden truck late at night at the gate of a military base inside the city of Mosul. 7 people were killed and 15 wounded. Elsewhere in Mosul assailants broke into a house, stabbing to death two men and two women, including a provincial officer's bodyguard.
    (AP, 2/12/13)
2013        Feb 11, Millions of Kenyans watched and listened to the nation's first-ever presidential debate. The two front-running candidates, Deputy PM Uhuru Kenyatta and PM Raila Odinga. traded barbs over the looming trial of Kenyatta in the International Criminal Court.
    (AP, 2/12/13)
2013        Feb 11, In Liberia a plane carrying senior officials from Guinea crashed near Liberia's largest airport, killing 11 people including Guinea's army chief of staff Gen. Souleymane Kelefa Diallo.
    (AP, 2/11/13)(AP, 2/12/13)
2013        Feb 11, Hundreds of Rwandans marched to the offices of the United Nations tribunal set up to try key cases related to Rwanda's 1994 genocide to protest the court's decision to acquit two former cabinet ministers accused of masterminding killings.
    (AP, 2/11/13)
2013        Feb 11, Somali police said a suicide car bomb attack targeting a senior Puntland police commander in Galkayo killed only the bomber.
    (AP, 2/11/13)
2013        Feb 11, Syrian rebels captured the Furat dam, the country's largest dam, after days of intense clashes, giving them control over water and electricity supplies for much of the country in a major blow to President Assad's regime. UN human rights chief Navi Pillay said the number of people killed in Syria is probably now approaching 70,000.
    (AP, 2/11/13)(AP, 2/13/13)
2013        Feb 11, In Turkey a car bomb exploded at the Bab al-Hawa frontier post along Syria's border, killing 14 people. A Syrian opposition faction later accused the Syrian government of the bombing, saying it narrowly missed 13 leaders of the group. On March 11 Turkey’s police said five suspects have been detained.
    (AP, 2/11/13)(SFC, 2/12/13, p.A2)(AP, 3/11/13)
2013        Feb 11, Uganda deported, David Cecil (35), a British theatre producer charged with staging a play about homosexuality. A court threw out a case against Cecil last month.
    (Reuters, 2/12/13)
2013        Feb 11, Pope Benedict XVI (85) announced that he would resign Feb. 28 — the first pontiff to do so in nearly 600 years. The decision set the stage for a conclave to elect a new pope before the end of March.
    (AP, 2/11/13)
2013        Feb 11, Zimbabwe police raided the offices of a member organization of Crisis in Zimbabwe, an alliance of rights groups, and seized files on political violence, funding details, DVD display materials, mobile phones and other equipment. Officials of the widely respected Zimbabwe Peace Project were accused of illegal importation of goods and "possessing articles for criminal use."
    (AP, 2/12/13)

2014        Feb 11, Voters in Fremont, Nebraska, decided to keep an ordnance that requires renters to get a $5 permit and swear they have legal permission to live in the US.
    (SFC, 2/13/14, p.A14)
2014        Feb 11, The websites of casinos owned by Las Vegas Sands Corp. were hacked. These included sites for a Sands casino in Bethlehem, Pa., as well as casinos in Nevada and Macao.
    (SFC, 2/12/14, p.A4)
2014        Feb 11, Washington state Gov. Jay Inslee said he was suspending the use of the death penalty for as long as he’s in office.
    (SFC, 2/12/14, p.A4)
2014        Feb 11, The Afghan public health ministry said it has launched an emergency polio vaccination campaign in Kabul after a girl contracted the disease, the city's first case since the Taliban were ousted in 2001.
    (AFP, 2/11/14)
2014        Feb 11, An Algerian military transport plane crashed in the country's mountainous east with but one survivor. 76 people were killed, including women and children.
    (AP, 2/11/14)(AP, 2/12/14)
2014        Feb 11, Brazil’s Environment Ministry said it will begin a program to save the endangered three-banded armadillo, the mascot for this year’s World Cup.
    (SFC, 2/12/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 11, Barclays PLC faced widespread criticism after the scandal-plagued bank announced plans to slash up to 12,000 jobs this year while also setting aside more money to pay bonuses.
    (AP, 2/11/14)
2014        Feb 11, The Burundi Red Cross said torrential rains and landslides have left at least 77 people dead and about 12,000 displaced.
    (Reuters, 2/11/14)
2014        Feb 11, China and Taiwan held talks in Nanjing, their highest level talks since splitting amid a civil war in 1949.
    (SFC, 2/11/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 11, Cyprus Pres. Nicos Anastasiades met with Dervis Eroglu on the UN’s “green line" and put forward a “road-map" where their two communities would unite under a federation but run their affairs as “constituent states."
    (Econ, 2/15/14, p.48)
2014        Feb 11, Czech Rep. media reported that former PM Petr Necas has been charged with bribery for his alleged role in offering state posts to three former members of parliament who had been rebelling against the previous government’s austerity program, in return for them leaving office.
    (SFC, 2/13/14, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/nyjfczk)
2014        Feb 11, French Pres. Francois Hollande arrived in the US for a formal state visit.
    (SFC, 2/11/14, p.A5)
2014        Feb 11, German and Dutch authorities arrested five men in a sting operation against a website allegedly used to sell illegal drugs and weapons.
    (AP, 2/13/14)
2014        Feb 11, In India Arvind Kejriwal, Delhi's new chief minister, took his anti-graft campaign to new heights, ordering an investigation into India's richest man, Reliance Industries Chairman Mukesh Ambani, and policymakers over gas pricing.
    (Reuters, 2/11/14)
2014        Feb 11, In Iraq militants in pick-up trucks ambushed army outposts protecting a major oil export pipeline in Nineveh province overnight, killing at least 16 soldiers by shooting them and slitting their throats.
    (Reuters, 2/11/14)
2014        Feb 11, Police in Italy and New York broke up a major trans-Atlantic mafia ring, arresting 24 people accused of plotting to move hundreds of millions of dollars in drugs between South America, Italy and the USA.
    (Reuters, 2/11/14)
2014        Feb 11, The value of Kazakhstan currency, the tenge, fell by 19%.
    (Econ, 2/22/14, p.35)
2014        Feb 11, Libyan media said six journalists have been kidnapped in recent days in Tripoli, and though one has been released the whereabouts of the other five remained unknown.
    (SFC, 2/12/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 11, In northeast Nigeria gunmen from Islamist sect Boko Haram killed 51 people in an attack on Konduga, Borno state.
    (Reuters, 2/12/14)
2014        Feb 11, In Pakistan unknown assailants lobbed grenades into a cinema in Peshawar, killing 10 people and wounding 16.
    (Reuters, 2/11/14)
2014        Feb 11, Serbia's war crimes court jailed nine former members of the "Jackals," a Serbian paramilitary group, for killing more than 120 ethnic Albanian civilians during the Kosovo conflict in 1999.
    (Reuters, 2/11/14)
2014        Feb 11, South Africa issued a black-and-white commemorative stamp to celebrate the life and legacy of anti-apartheid hero Nelson Mandela who died last year.
    (AFP, 2/11/14)
2014        Feb 11, In Syria the evacuation of civilians from besieged rebel-held areas of Homs was suspended, as a mediator said peace talks in Switzerland were making little progress.
    (AFP, 2/11/14)
2014        Feb 11, In Tanzania the UN-backed court for Rwanda acquitted on appeal former paramilitary police chief Augustin Ndindiliyimana and ex-elite battalion commander Francois-Xavier Nzuwonemeye of charges related to the 1994 genocide.
    (AFP, 2/11/14)
2014        Feb 11, In central Ukraine Oleksandr Lobodenko (34), a judge who placed several anti-government protesters under house arrest, was murdered overnight in Kremenchuk.
    (AFP, 2/12/14)
2014        Feb 11, In western Venezuela armed pro-government groups attacked and shot at people protesting against President Nicolas Maduro's government, injuring five.
    (Reuters, 2/12/14)
2014        Feb 11, In Yemen northern Shiite rebels and a faction demanding southern autonomy rejected a six-region federation plan for Yemen, agreed by parties during the "national dialogue" aimed at securing the country's political transition.
    (AFP, 2/11/14)
2014        Feb 11, In Yemen a British teacher was abducted on his way from an educational institute in Sanaa and reportedly taken to Marib.
    (AP, 2/13/14)

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