Today in History - February 12

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1111        Feb 12, Henry V of Germany presented himself to Pope Paschal II for coronation along with treaty terms that commanded the clergy to restore fiefs of the crown to Henry. The pope refused to crown and Henry left Rome taking the pope with him. When Paschal was unable to get help, he confirmed Henry’s right of investiture and crowned him.
    (PCh, 1992, p.91)

1242        Feb 12, Henry VII, Roman Catholic German king (1220-35), committed suicide.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1294        Feb 12, Kublai Khan, the conqueror of Asia, died at the age of 80.
    (HN, 2/12/99)

1486        Feb 12, In Toledo, Spain, some 750 lapsed Christians were paraded through the streets of Toledo from the Church of San Pedro Martir to the cathedral in order to be reconciled to the Christian faith. In the Auto Da Fe at Toledo the Jews were forced to recant, fined 1/5 of their property and permanently forbidden to wear decent clothes or hold office.
    (SSFC, 11/13/05, p.M3)(www.jewishhistory.org.il/1480.htm)

1502        Feb 12, Isabella issued a royal order giving all remaining Moors in the realms of Castile the choice between baptism and expulsion.
    (www.cyberistan.org/islamic/beyond1492.html)
1502        Feb 12, Vasco da Gama, Portuguese explorer, departed on a second trip to India with 20 well-armed ships.
    (www.indhistory.com/vasco-da-gama.html)

1541        Feb 12, Santiago, Chile, was founded by Spanish conquistador Pedro de Valdivia, a lieutenant of Pizarro. When the Spaniards arrived in Chile, 11 languages were in widespread use: Quechua, Aymara, Rapanui, Chango, Kunza, Diaguita, Mapudungun, Chono, Kawesqar, Yagan and Selk’nam. By 2007 only the 1st 3 remained. The last ethnic Selk’nam died in the 1970s.
    (PCh, 1992, p.182)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedro_de_Valdivia)(SSFC, 8/12/07, p.A18)

1554        Feb 12, Lady Jane Grey (17), who had claimed the throne of England for nine days, the Queen of England for thirteen days, was beheaded on Tower Hill along with her husband, Guildford Dudley, after being condemned for high treason.
    (HN, 2/12/99)(AP, 2/12/08)

1588        Feb 12, John Winthrop, English attorney, puritan, 1st gov of Massachusetts Bay Colony, was born.
    (HN, 1/12/99)(MC, 2/12/02)

1663        Feb 12, Cotton Mather (d.1728), American clergyman and witchcraft specialist, was born.
    (WUD, 1994, p.884)(MC, 2/12/02)

1665        Feb 12, Rudolph J. Camerarius, German botanist, physician (sexuality plant), was born.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1683        Feb 12, A Christian Army, led by Charles, the Duke of Lorraine and King John Sobieski of Poland, routed a huge Ottoman army surrounding Vienna.
    (HN, 2/12/99)

1733        Feb 12, English colonists led by James Oglethorpe founded Savannah, Ga. Gen. James Edward Oglethorpe sailed up the Savannah River with 144 English men, women and children and in the name of King George II chartered the Georgia Crown Colony. He created the town of Savannah, to establish an ideal colony where silk and wine would be produced, based on a grid of streets around six large squares.
    (SFC, 6/25/95, p.T-7)(SFEC,11/30/97, p.T4)(AP, 2/12/98)

1763        Feb 12, Pierre de Mariveaux (b.1688), French novelist and playwright, died. 
    (SFC, 5/30/09, p.E2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_de_Marivaux)

1768        Feb 12, Francis II, the Last Holy Roman Emperor (1792-1806), was born.
    (HN, 2/12/98)(MC, 2/12/02)

1775        Feb 12, Louisa Adams, wife of John Quincy Adams was born.
    (HN, 2/12/98)

1791        Feb 12, Peter Cooper, industrialist, philanthropist (Cooper Union), was born.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1793        Feb 12, The US federal government passed its first fugitive slave law. This gave slave holders the right to reclaim their human property in free states.
    (HN, 2/12/97)(WSJ, 1/30/03, p.D8)

1797        Feb 12, Haydn’s song "Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser," (popularized years later as "Deutschland Uber Alles," by Nazis), premiered in Vienna.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1809        Feb 12, Charles Robert Darwin (d.1874) was born. He proposed that evolution was the principle that underlay the development of all species and that man, an animal, had evolved from nonhuman ancestors. Shortly after his graduation from Cambridge, Darwin sailed as a naturalist with the surveying ship HMS Beagle. All life, he said, is a struggle for existence and some species are better able to adapt to the environment and survive to pass along their characteristics. During the five-year voyage, Darwin's observations of wildlife led to the writing of his 1859 book "The Origin of the Species," in which he proposed the theory of natural selection. Besides the “Origin of the Species," he wrote three books on geology and devoted 8 years to his monograph on barnacles. His last book was “The Formation of Vegetable Mould Through the Action of Worms." In 1871 Darwin wrote "Descent of Man," which demonstrated that man and ape could have had a common ancestor. Darwin's theories were highly controversial and unsettling to those who believed in creationism. Many Victorians condemned Darwin as blasphemous, but many important scientists of the day agreed with his theories. “How can anyone not see that all observation must be for or against some view if it is to be of any service."
    (V.D.-H.K.p.281)(PacDis., Spg. 96, p.52)(NH, 2/97, p.69)(NH, 5/97, p.11)(HNPD, 2/13/99)
1809        Feb 12, Abraham Lincoln, 16th president of the US, was born in Hardin County (present-day Larue County), Kentucky. Lincoln was president of the United States during one of the most turbulent times in American history. Although roundly criticized during his own time, he is recognized as one of history's greatest figures who preserved the Union during the Civil War and proved that democracy could be a lasting form of government. Lincoln entered national politics as a Whig congressman from Illinois, but he lost his seat after one term due to his unpopular position on the Mexican War and the extension of slavery into the territories. The 1858 Lincoln-Douglas debates for the Senate gave him a national reputation. In 1860, Lincoln became the first president elected from the new Republican Party. Abraham Lincoln was fatally shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C., on April 14, 1865. In 1996 a new biography of Abraham Lincoln by David Donald was published.
    (AP, 2/12/98)(AHD, 1971, p.759)(WSJ, 2/10/95, p.A-8) (SFC, 9/1/96, Par. p.12)(http://rogerjnorton.com/Lincoln88.html)

1817        Feb 12, Argentina’s Jose de San Martin, having led a revolutionary army over the Andes into Chile, helped defeat the Spanish forces at Chacabuco. The royalists lost 500 men in the battle and another 600 were taken prisoner.
    (www.gdws.co.uk/chacabuco.htm)(Econ, 4/25/09, p.87)(ON, 10/09, p.10)
1817        Feb 12, Under the leadership of Bernardo O‘Higgins, Chile gained its independence from Spain, when a combined Argentine and Chilean army defeated the Spaniards. O‘Higgins went on to become head of state on February 17, supported by the army but not favored by the oligarchy because he sought abolition of their privileges. Once the threat from Spain was eliminated from the region, opposition to O‘Higgins mounted. General unrest and a poor harvest combined to force O‘Higgins to abdicate his position in 1823. The official proclamation was made on Feb 12, 1818.
    (HNQ, 9/1/99)(AP, 2/12/07)

1818        Feb 12, Chile officially proclaimed its independence, more than seven years after initially renouncing Spanish rule [see Feb 12, 1817].
    (AP, 2/12/07)

1821        Feb 12, The Mercantile Library of City of NY opened.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1825        Feb 12, Creek Indian treaty signed. Tribal chiefs agreed to turn over all their land in Georgia to the government and migrate west by Sept 1, 1826.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1828        Feb 12, George Meredith, English poet and novelist, was born.
    (HN, 2/12/01)

1836        Feb 12, Mexican General Santa Anna crossed the Rio Grande en route to the Alamo.
    (HN, 2/12/99)

1839        Feb 12, Aroostook War took place over a boundary dispute between Maine and New Brunswick. [see 1838]
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1850        Feb 12, Washington's original Farewell Address manuscript sold for $2,300.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1857        Feb 12, Eugene Atget, French photographer, was born. He took over 10,000 photographs documenting Paris.
    (HN, 2/12/01)

1861        Feb 12, State troops seized US munitions in Napoleon, Ak.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1870        Feb 12, Women in the Utah Territory gained the right to vote. However, that right was taken away in 1887.
    (AP, 2/12/07)
1870        Feb 12, An official proclamation set April 15 as last day of grace for US silver coins to circulate in Canada.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1871        Feb 12, In France the new National Assembly opened at Bordeaux. Two-thirds of members were conservatives and wished the war to end.
    (www.marxists.org/history/france/paris-commune/timeline.htm)

1873        Feb 12, The US Congress abolished bimetallism and authorized $1 & $3 gold coins.
    (MC, 2/12/02)
1873        Feb 12, The 1st Spanish Republic was proclaimed. King Amadeo I abdicated following a 2-year reign. Emilio Cistelar y Ripolo  (40) became prime minister, but the Carlist civil war continued.
    (PCh, 1992, p.527)

1874        Feb 12, Auguste Perret, French architect, was born. He pioneered in designs of reinforced concrete buildings.
    (HN, 2/12/01)
1874        Feb 12, King David Kalakaua of Sandwich Islands (Hawaii), became the 1st king to visit US. King Lunalilo had died without an heir and the legislature elected lawyer David Kalakaua as king.
    (MC, 2/12/02)(ON, 11/02, p.5)

1876        Feb 12, Al Spalding opened a sporting good shop.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1877        Feb 12, The 1st news dispatch by telephone was made between Boston and Salem, Mass.
    (MC, 2/12/02)
1877        Feb 12, US railroad builders struck against a wage reduction.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1879        Feb 12, 1st artificial ice rink in North America was at Madison Square Garden, NYC. [see May 31]
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1880        Feb 12, John L. Lewis, American labor leader, was born.
    (HN, 2/12/01)

1892        Feb 12, Illinois made President Lincoln's birthday a state holiday. Other states followed suit over the years.
    (AP, 3/9/05)

1893        Feb 12, Omar Bradley, U.S. army general, was born. He led the largest concentration of ground troops in Europe during World War II.
    (HN, 2/12/99)

1898        Feb 12, [Le]Roy Harris, composer (When Johnny Comes Marching Home), was born in Oklahoma.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1907        Feb 12, Bodies continued to wash ashore from the steamer Larchmont, which had collided the previous with a schooner off New England's Block Island. The vessel's quartermaster, James E. Staples, claimed a loss of 332.
    (AP, 2/12/98)

1908        Feb 12, The first round-the-world automobile race began in New York City. It ended in Paris the following July with the drivers of the American car, a Thomas Speedway Flyer, was declared the winner over teams from Germany and Italy. The Flyer was made by the E.R. Thomas Motor Co. of Buffalo, NY, was initially driven by Montague Roberts and George Schuster. Roberts dropped out in Wyoming. Schuster took over as captain and chief driver from San Francisco, which was reached on March 24.
    (AP, 2/12/08)(ON, 4/08, p.8,9)

1909        Feb 12, The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded by 60 people gathered in NYC to discuss recent race riots and how to fight discrimination. They were initially known as the National Negro committee and signed a proclamation known as “The Call." It was based on the Niagara movement of 1905. Mary White Ovington (1865-1951) was one of the founders.
    (SFC, 5/12/96, p.A-6)(SFEC,12/797, BR p.6)(AP, 2/12/98)(SFC, 2/12/09, p.A1)

1912        Feb 12, China became a republic following the overthrow of the Manchu dynasty. Pu Yi (reign name Hsuan T'ung), the last Ch'ing (Manchu) emperor of China, abdicated. This marked the end of the Qing Dynasty. China adopted the Gregorian calendar.
    (HN, 2/12/01)(AP, 2/12/06)

1913        Feb 12, A New York commission reported that there was widespread violation of child labor laws.
    (HN, 2/12/97)

1915        Feb 12, Andrew J. Goodpaster, US general, supreme commander (NATO-Europe), was born.
    (MC, 2/12/02)
1915        Feb 12, Lorne Greene, actor (Bonanza, Battlestar Galactica), was born in Ottawa, Canada.
    (MC, 2/12/02)
1915        Feb 12, The cornerstone for the Lincoln Memorial was laid in Washington, D.C., a year to the day after groundbreaking.
    (AP, 2/12/08)

1918        Feb 12, Dominic DiMaggio, baseball outfielder (Boston Red Sox), was born.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1920        Feb 12, The last German forces withdrew from Klaipeda as French and English naval forces arrived.
    (LHC, 2/12/03)

1921        Feb 12, Winston Churchill of London was appointed colonial secretary.
    (HN, 2/12/97)
1921        Feb 12, In Delhi, India, the Duke of Connaught laid the foundation stone of the Parliament building, designed by Herbert Baker.
    (www.indfy.com/places-to-see-in-delhi/central-delhi/parliament-house.html)
1921        Feb 12, Soviet troops invaded neighboring Georgia.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1924        Feb 12, George Gershwin’s groundbreaking symphonic jazz composition “Rhapsody in Blue" premiered at Carnegie Hall with Gershwin himself playing the piano with Paul Whiteman’s orchestra.
    (AP, 2/12/98)(HN, 2/12/01)(MC, 2/12/02)
1924        Feb 12, Women were banned from entering the tomb of Tutankhamun which leads to diplomatic problems with Great Britain and America. Carter wrote a pamphlet to document interference by authorities and leaves the excavation and locks the tomb. Pierre Lacau, the French Director of Antiquities, demands the keys and Carter refuses to give them up.
    (www.king-tut.org.uk/curse-of-king-tut/howard-carter-timeline.htm)

1929        Feb 12, Charles Lindbergh announced his engagement to Anne Morrow. The Guggenheims helped aviators like Lindbergh, Curtiss, and the Wright Brothers. Morrow was the daughter of Dwight Morrow, US ambassador to Mexico. She later authored a number of books that included "Gift From the Sea."
    (HN, 2/12/97)(WSJ, 11/29/99, p.A26)

1931        Feb 12, Japan’s first television broadcast was a baseball game.
    (HN, 2/12/97)

1935        Feb 12, The 785-foot USS Macon, the last US Navy dirigible (ZRS-5), crashed on its 55th flight off the coast of California, killing two people. After takeoff from Point Sur, California, a gust of wind tore off the ship's upper fin, deflating its gas cells and causing the ship to fall into the sea. Two of Macon 's 83 crewmen died in the accident. The U.S. Navy lost the airships Shenandoah in 1925 and Akron in 1933. Some considered airships too dangerous for the program to continue at that point, and work on them in the United States halted temporarily.
    (HNQ, 2/7/99)(SFC, 9/27/06, p.B1)

1936        Feb 12, In France more than 4.5 million workers came out on strike; 1 million took to the streets, shutting the country down.
    (www.greenleft.org.au/node/33582)

1938        Feb 12, German troops entered Austria.
    (MC, 2/12/02)
1938        Feb 12, Japan refused to reveal naval data requested by the U.S. and Britain.
    (HN, 2/12/97)

1940        Feb 12, The radio play "The Adventures of Superman" debuted on the Mutual network with Bud Collyer as the Man of Steel.
    (AP, 2/12/98)
1940        Feb 12, The USSR signed a trade treaty with Germany to aid against the British blockade.
    (HN, 2/12/97)

1941        Feb 12, Boxers Pat Carroll and Sammy Secreet were unable to continue a slugfest and the referee declared a double KO. The result was soon changed to "No contest."
    (http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1129&dat=19420130&id=zNkOAAAAIBAJ&sjid=CGoDAAAAIBAJ&pg=2831,1371963)

1942        Feb 12, Painter Grant Wood (b.1892), creator of "American Gothic" (1930), died in Iowa City, Iowa, a day before his 51st birthday.
    (AP, 2/12/02)
1942        Feb 12, In Palestine British police killed Avraham Stern (34),  founder of the breakaway militant Zionist group named Lehi. British forces had begun shooting members of “Fighters for the Freedom of Israel" (Lehi) after the group had ambushed British soldiers and solicited fascist and Nazi support for their campaign.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avraham_Stern)(Econ, 5/3/14, p.75)
1942        Feb 12, 3 German battle cruisers escaped via Channel to Brest, N. Germany.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1944        Feb 12, Wendell Wilkie entered the American presidential race against Franklin D. Roosevelt.
    (HN, 2/12/99)

1947        Feb 12, A daytime fireball & meteorite fell and was seen in eastern Siberia.
    (MC, 2/12/02)
1947        Feb 12, A record 100.5-kg sailfish was caught by C.W. Stewart off the Galapagos Islands.
    (MC, 2/12/02)
1947        Feb 12, General Aung San and 21 delegates of the national races of the mountain regions, the Shan, Kachin and Chin, finally signed the historic Pinlon Accord (Panglong Agreement). They unanimously agreed to independence, not for a fragmented country, but for what later become known as the Union of Myanmar.
    (AP, 2/12/06)(Econ, 2/2/13, p.31)

1948        Feb 12, 1st Lt. Nancy Leftenant became the 1st black in the army nursing corps.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1949        Feb 12, "Annie Get Your Gun" closed at the Imperial Theater in NYC after 1147 performances.
    (MC, 2/12/02)
1949        Feb 12, Muslim Brotherhood chief Hassan el Banna (b.1906) was shot to death in Cairo.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hassan_al-Banna)

1950        Feb 12, Albert Einstein warned against the hydrogen bomb on US national TV.
    (http://www.wsws.org/articles/2002/sep2002/eins-s03.shtml)

1951        Feb 12, In Iran Shah Pahlavi married Princess Soraya Esfandiari Bakhtiari (d.2001 at 69). They divorced in 1958. In 1991 Soraya authored her autobiography “Le Palais des Solitudes" (The Palace of Solitudes).
    (SFC, 10/26/01, p.D7)

1953        Feb 12, An explosion at the Hercules Powder Co. near Pinole, Ca., killed 12 employees.
    (SFC, 11/21/03, p.E4)
1953        Feb 12, The Soviets broke off diplomatic relations with Israel after the bombing of Soviet legation.
    (HN, 2/12/97)

1955        Feb 12, The McGuire Sisters' "Sincerely" single went to #1 for 10 weeks.
    (MC, 2/12/02)
1955        Feb 12, President Eisenhower sent 1st US "advisors" to South Vietnam to aid the government under Ngo Dinh Diem.
    (SFEC, 4/23/00, p.A19)(MC, 2/12/02)

1957        Feb 12, Researchers announced the development of Borazan, a substance harder than diamonds.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1960        Feb 12, Bobby Clark (71), vaudevillian (World's funniest circus clown), died.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1962        Feb 12, Pres. Kennedy commuted the death sentence of Jimmie Henderson, a Navy seaman, to confinement for life.
    (AP, 7/29/08)
1962        Feb 12, A bus boycott started in Macon, Georgia.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1963        Feb 12, Argentina asked for the extradition of ex-president Peron.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1964        Feb 12, The Beatles played 2 shows at Carnegie Hall.
    (SFC, 3/6/04, p.D17)

1966        Feb 12, The South Vietnamese won two big battles in the Mekong Delta.
    (HN, 2/12/97)

1968        Feb 12, "Soul on Ice" by Eldridge Cleaver (full name: Leroy Eldridge Cleaver), a militant activist and Black Panther, was first published. Cleaver spent much of his early life in and out of prison on charges ranging from drug possession to assault. It was in prison that he began the essays that would become Soul on Ice. Shortly after being paroled in 1966, Eldridge Cleaver met Huey Newton and Bobby Seale, the founders of the Black Panther party. Cleaver quickly became the party’s minister of information. Faced with further prison time after a shootout with police in April 1968, Cleaver jumped bail and fled the country, first to Cuba, then to Algeria. He returned voluntarily in 1975 having broken with the Panthers and disillusioned with communism. His change in thinking is reflected in his 1978 book Soul on Fire. He died on May 1, 1998, in Pomona, California.
    (AP, 2/12/98)(HNQ, 2/2/01)

1970        Feb 12, Dean Arthur Schwartzmiller (28) was convicted in Juneau, Alaska, of 2 charges of lewd conduct after being accused of molesting 2 boys. Over the next 35 years he was arrested in 6 more states on molestation charges. In 2005 police in San Jose found notebooks at his home that documented over 36,000 sex acts with young boys. In 2006 a jury in Santa Clara, Ca., convicted Schwartzmiller (64) of molesting 2 San Jose boys. In 2007 he was sentenced to 152 years to life in prison.
    (SFC, 6/17/05, p.A1)(SFC, 9/19/06, p.A1)(SFC, 1/30/07, p.A1)

1971        Feb 12, James Cash Penney (b.1875), US founder of the J.C. Penney stores, died in NYC. His first store, a branch of the Colorado based Golden Rule stores (1902), was in Kemmerer, Wyoming.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_C._Penney)

1972        Feb 12, Senator Kennedy advocated amnesty for Vietnam draft resisters.
    (HN, 2/12/97)

1973        Feb 12, Operation Homecoming began as the first release of American prisoners of war from the Vietnam conflict took place.
    (AP, 2/12/08)(www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/index-1969.html)

1974        Feb 12, Symbionese Liberation Army asked the Hearst family for $230 million in food for the poor.
    (HN, 2/12/97)
1974        Feb 12, The Russian Mars 5 Orbiter entered orbit around Mars and relayed imaging data for the Mars 6 & 7 missions.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.B1)

1976        Feb 12, Sal Mineo (b.1939), American film and theater actor, was stabbed to death in Los Angeles while coming home from a play rehearsal.
    (SFEC, 3/16/97, Z1 p.4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sal_Mineo)

1979        Feb 12, Jean Renoir (b.1894), French actor and director (Rules of the Game), died in Beverly Hills, Ca. His body was returned to France.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Renoir)

1983        Feb 12, composer-pianist Eubie Blake, who wrote such songs as "I'm Just Wild About Harry" and "Memories of You," died in New York City, five days after turning 100.
    (AP, 2/11/03)

1987        Feb 12, White youths in Queens County, NYC, connected to the Howard Beach racial attacks of December, 1986, were indicted on charges ranging from second-degree murder to inciting to riot and criminal facilitation.
    (www.queenstribune.com/anniversary2003/1987.htm)
1987        Feb 12, In Alabama surviving relatives of a black man murdered by KKK members were awarded $7 million in damages.
    (http://tinyurl.com/g86jq)
1987        Feb 12, A Court in Texas upheld an $8.5 billion fine imposed on Texaco for the illegal takeover of Getty Oil.
    (HN, 2/12/98)
1987        Feb 12, Friends of the poet Boris Pasternak and of Russian culture agreed that the 1958 resolution expelling Pasternak from the Writers' Union had to be rescinded. People met and voted in the same ornate conference room where, thirty years earlier, the great poet had been cast out of the union.
    (www.thenation.com/archive/search.mhtml)

1988        Feb 12, Alexander M. Haig dropped out of the race for the Republican presidential nomination.
    (AP, 2/12/98)
1988        Feb 12, The Pentagon charged that two Soviet Navy vessels deliberately bumped two U.S. warships in the Black Sea as the American vessels sailed through waters claimed by the Soviet Union.
    (AP, 2/12/98)

1989        Feb 12, The special prosecutor in the Iran-Contra case and the Justice Department reached an agreement on protecting classified materials aimed at allowing the trial of Oliver North to proceed.
    (AP, 2/12/99)
1989        Feb 12, In Ohio the body of Joy Stewart (22) was found raped and fatally stabbed in Preble County. She was eight months pregnant at the time. Dennis McGuire was later convicted and sentenced to death. On Jan 16, 2014, McGuire (53) was executed by a new combination of lethal drugs. The process took nearly 25 minutes from injection to death and left him gasping for air in the final minutes.
    (SFC, 1/8/14, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/kdp2x6z)(SFC, 1/17/14, p.A8)
1989        Feb 12, In Belfast Pat Finucane, a lawyer active in the defense of IRA suspects, was shot and killed by a lone gunman as he sat down to dinner with his family at home. The Ulster Defense Association claimed responsibility but nobody was ever charged. In 1999 a report asserted that the British army was linked to the slaying. A suspect (48) was arrested in 1999. In 2003 a London police report said the British Army and police were involved in the murder. In 2004 Ken Barrett (41), former Protestant paramilitary and police informer in Northern Ireland, was sentenced to 22 years in prison for the murder of Finucane. In Oct 12, 2011, Britain offered an official apology for its forces' role in the 1989 killing of a Northern Ireland lawyer and pledged to publish a public report into the extent of police and army collusion in the attack. The report in December 2012 found shocking levels of state collusion.
    (SFC, 2/12/99, p.A3)(SFC, 6/24/99, p.A12)(AP, 4/17/03)(AP, 9/16/04)(AP, 10/12/11)(AP, 12/12/12)
1989        Feb 12, In Pakistan 5 Moslem rioters were killed in Islamabad protesting the "Satanic Verses" novel.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Satanic_Verses_(novel))

1990        Feb 12, President Bush rejected Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev's new initiative for troop reductions in Europe, but predicted a "major success" on arms control at the superpower summit in June.
    (AP, 2/12/00)
1990        Feb 12, Robert Ouko (b.1931), Kenya’s foreign minister and member of the Luo tribe, was murdered during his investigation of corruption charges against the government.
    (Econ, 2/9/08, p.51)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Ouko)

1991        Feb 12, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein met with Soviet envoy Yevgeny Primakov, who brought with him a message from President Mikhail S. Gorbachev.
    (AP, 2/12/01)
1991        Feb 12, In China, two longtime democracy activists (Wang Juntao and Chen Ziming) were sentenced to 13 years in prison. Both were later freed.
    (AP, 2/12/01)
1991        Feb 12, Former New York City Mayor Robert Wagner died at age 80.
    (AP, 2/12/01)

1992        Feb 12, President Bush formally announced his bid for re-election.
    (AP, 2/12/02)
1992        Feb 12, Democratic presidential candidate Bill Clinton released a letter he'd written as a student in 1969 in which he said he had decided to give up a draft deferment in order to “maintain my political viability."
    (AP, 2/12/02)

1993        Feb 12, In a crime that shocked Britons, two 10-year-old boys, Jon Venables and Robert Thompson, lured 2-year-old James Bulger from his mother at a shopping mall in Liverpool, England, then beat him to death and left his battered body on a railway track. The 2 boys were later sentenced to serve 8 years in prison. The sentence was later increased to 10 years and then 15 years. After 8 years in a reformatory, Thompson and Venables were released in 2001, after a parole board found they no longer posed a danger to the public.
    (SFC, 4/18/96, p.a-12)(SFC, 12/17/99, p.D5)(SFC, 6/23/01, p.A8)(AP, 2/12/03)

1994        Feb 12, President Clinton signed an $8.6 billion relief package for victims of the Jan 17 Northridge earthquake in Southern California.
    (AP, 2/12/99)
1994        Feb 12, The XVII Winter Olympic Games opened in Lillehammer, Norway. The official song was "Fire in Your Heart."
    (SFEC, 10/5/97, p.A17)(WSJ, 3/12/98, p.A16)(AP, 2/12/99)

1995        Feb 12, Jurors in the O.J. Simpson murder trial toured the scene where Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman had been slain, then visited the estate of the former football star.
    (AP, 2/12/00)

1996        Feb 12, Bob Dole eked out a victory in Iowa’s Republican presidential caucuses, while Pat Buchanan came in a surprisingly strong second.
    (AP, 2/12/01)

1997        Feb 12, The Clinton administration gave permission to 10 U.S. news organizations to open bureaus in Cuba.
    (AP, 2/12/98)
1997        Feb 12, In Maine Philip Berrigan was arrested at an anti-nuclear protest. He was one of 6 activists later convicted for vandalizing a Navy guided missile destroyer at the Bath Iron Works.
    (SFC,10/28/97, p.A10)
1997        Feb 12, The Discovery space shuttle lifted off and work was planned on the Hubble Space Telescope.
    (SFC, 2/17/97, p.A2)
1997        Feb 12, Hwang Jang Yop, a Central Committee member of North Korea and the highest-ranking official to flee, defected to South Korea. He sought asylum at the South Korean embassy in Beijing, China.
    (SFEC, 2/16/97, p.A19) (AP, 2/12/98)

1998        Feb 12, US federal district judge T. Hogan struck down Pres. Clinton's new Line-Item Veto Act as unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 2/13/98, p.A3)(AP, 2/12/03)
1998        Feb 12, NASA planned a rocket launch from Tortuguero base in Puerto Rico. 10 more rockets were planned for launch over the next 30 days.
    (SFC, 2/2/98, p.A3)
1998        Feb 12, At Nagano, Norwegian Bjorn Daehlie became the first man to win six Winter Olympic gold medals, as he placed first in the 10-kilometer classical cross-country race.
    (AP, 2/12/99)
1998        Feb 12, An appeals panel reinstated Canadian snowboarder Ross Rebagliati's gold medal, a day after he was stripped of the honor for testing positive for marijuana.
    (AP, 2/12/99)
1998        Feb 12, The Cuban government announced that over 200 inmates held on political and other charges would be released.
    (SFC, 2/13/98, p.D2)
1998        Feb 12, In Indonesia Pres. Suharto ordered the military to move against anti-government activists. The previous day police detained some 140 protestors in Jakarta.
    (SFC, 2/13/98, p.D2)
1998        Feb 12, In Italy over 250 cars crashed on the foggy highway A-13 between Padua and Bologna. Four people were killed and dozens were injured.
    (SFC, 2/13/98, p.D2)
1998        Feb 12, In Sierra Leone the Nigerian led intervention force captured the country’s State House in Freetown.
    (SFC, 2/13/98, p.D5)
1998        Feb 12, In Sudan Lt. Gen’l. Al-Zubeir Mohammad Saleh, the country’s first vice-president, was killed along with 7 others in a plane crash in the southern Sudan. Rebels of the SPLA claimed to have shot the plane down.
    (SFC, 2/13/98, p.D5)

1999        Feb 12, Pres. Clinton was acquitted by the Senate 55-45 on a perjury charge and 50-50 on an obstruction of justice charge. He once again apologized for burdening the nation with his conduct. Clinton told Americans he was "profoundly sorry" for what he had said and done in the Monica Lewinsky affair that triggered the impeachment drama.
    (SFC, 2/13/99, p.A1)(AP, 2/12/00)
1999        Feb 12, Eric Stein (41) was arrested for bilking some 1,800 investors out of $34 million. He had operated the Sterling Group, a Las Vegas firm that used TV commercials to sell products directly to viewers. The operations were essentially a Ponzi scheme.
    (WSJ, 8/9/04, p.R1)
1999        Feb 12, Swarms of anxious travelers were left stranded when American Airlines again scrubbed more than 1,000 flights after its pilots defied a court order and continued their mass sickout.
    (AP, 2/12/00)
1999        Feb 12, A 5.5 earthquake hit Afghanistan and at least 60 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 2/16/99, p.A1)
1999        Feb 12, In Finland the parliament voted 171 to 4 to reduce the president's influence on foreign affairs and government formation.
    (SFC, 2/13/99, p.A5)
1999        Feb 12, In India Pres. K.R. Narayanan dismissed the state government of Bihar due to the recent killings.
    (SFC, 2/13/99, p.A5)
1999        Feb 12, In Hebron, Yasser Arafat again proposed that a confederation be made between Jordan and a future Palestinian state.
    (SFC, 2/13/99, p.A3)

2000        Feb 12, Michelle Kwan won her third straight US Figure Skating Championships crown, while Michael Weiss successfully defended the men’s title.
    (AP, 2/12/01)
2000        Feb 12, Hall-of-Fame football coach Tom Landry, who led the Dallas Cowboys to five Super Bowls, died in Irving, Texas, at age 75.
    (AP, 2/12/01)   
2000        Feb 12, Charles Schulz (b.1922), creator of the Peanuts cartoon, died in Santa Rosa, California, at age 77. His final cartoon was scheduled to run in the Feb 13 Sunday newspapers. In 2007 David Michaelis authored “Schulz and Peanuts: A Biography."
    (SFEC, 2/13/00, p.A1)(AP, 2/12/01)(WSJ, 10/12/07, p.W5)
2000        Feb 12, In Zimbabwe voting began on a new constitution with provisions for expropriating the land of white farmers without compensation. A new party, the Movement for Democratic Change, opposed the new constitution and Pres. Mugabe as inflation in the country soared to over 60%. Voters spread word of their opposition using Econet Wireless messaging and rejected the proposal.
    (SFC, 2/12/00, p.C1)(SFC, 2/16/00, p.A11)(WSJ, 4/24/00, p.A24)

2001        Feb 12, A federal appeals court upheld a decision against Napster and ruled that the online music service violated copyright laws.
    (SFC, 2/13/01, p.A1)(AP, 2/12/02)
2001        Feb 12, A computer virus pretending to be a digital photo of tennis star Anna Kournikova overwhelmed e-mail servers in Europe and North America.
    (AP, 2/12/02)
2001        Feb 12, Scientists published their first examinations of nearly all the human genetic code.
    (AP, 2/12/02)   
2001        Feb 12, The $224 million NEAR-Shoemaker probe was scheduled to end its mission with a landing on the Eros asteroid. The probe completed a 5 year voyage with a successful landing and continued sending signals.
    (SFC, 1/9/01, p.A4)(SFC, 2/13/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 12, Israeli soldiers shot and killed 2 Palestinians in the West Bank and dozens of Palestinians were wounded in a gun battle in the Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 2/13/01, p.A10)
2001        Feb 12, It was reported that Thailand’s bad loans mounted to 20 billion and accounted for 20% of all bank lending. Thai Petrochemical Industries (TPI) was the largest debtor and owed banks over $3.5 billion.
    (WSJ, 2/12/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 12, Ukraine’s Pres. Kuchma and Pres. Putin met at the Yuzmash rocket plant and agreed to reconnect their countries’ electricity grids and made 14 other agreements securing Russian orders from Ukrainian factories.
    (SFC, 2/13/01, p.A10)

2002        Feb 12, "The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring" received 13 Academy Award nominations; tied for second with eight nods were "A Beautiful Mind" and "Moulin Rouge."
    (AP, 2/11/03)
2002        Feb 12, Sec. of State Colin Powell said the Bush administration was considering a variety of options to topple Iraq’s Saddam Hussein.
    (SFC, 2/12/02, p.A17)
2002        Feb 12, John Hamilton, US ambassador to Peru, said the US would triple anti-drug funding to over $150 million.
    (SFC, 2/13/02, p.A16)
2002        Feb 12, Kenneth Lay, former Enron CEO, pleaded the 5th amendment before a Senate panel investigation of the Enron demise. Lay expressed "profound sadness" about the collapse of the energy giant, but refused to testify at a Senate hearing.
    (SFC, 2/12/02, p.A1)(AP, 2/11/03)
2002        Feb 12, The International Skating Union announced it would conduct an "internal assessment" of the Olympic judging that gave the Russians the pairs figure skating gold medal over the Canadians.
    (AP, 2/11/03)
2002        Feb 12, It was reported that AP estimated 600 civilians killed in the Afghan campaign.
    (WSJ, 2/12/02, p.A1)
2002        Feb 12, In NYC Ronald Popadich of New Jersey struck 19 pedestrians at 6 spots along Seventh Ave. near Madison Square Garden and one died 2 days later. He struck 7 more people Feb 13. He shot his girlfriend, Lisa Gotkin Feb 10, and a cab driver on Feb 13.
    (SFC, 2/16/02, p.A8)
2002        Feb 12-13, The Chinese lunar calendar marked this as the new year, 4700, the Year of the Horse.
    (SFC, 2/12/02, p.A14)
2002        Feb 12, In Indonesia Christian and Muslim factions from Maluku agreed to end their 3-year war, ban militias and establish a joint security patrol.
    (SFC, 2/13/02, p.A16)
2002        Feb 12, An Iran Air Tours Tupelov Tu-154 crashed into the Sefid Kouh mountains near Khorramabad killing all 119 on board.
    (SFC, 2/13/02, p.A12)(AP, 2/11/03)
2002        Feb 12, In Pakistan police arrested Ahmed Saeed Sheikh, the prime suspect in the kidnapping of WSJ reported Daniel Pearl. Pakistan charged 3 men in connection with the kidnapping. They and a fourth man were later convicted of Pearl's murder.
    (SFC, 2/13/02, p.A18)(AP, 2/11/03)
2002        Feb 12, In Venezuela Pres. Chavez said the currency would go on float.
    (WSJ, 2/13/02, p.A1)
2002        Feb 12, Former Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic went on trial in The Hague, accused of war crimes.
    (AP, 2/11/03)

2003        Feb 12, Kemmons Wilson (90), founder of the Holiday Inn chain, died in Memphis, Tenn.
    (WSJ, 2/13/03, p.A1)
2003        Feb 12, In Bolivia angry civilians joined striking police officers in a protest that degenerated into riots, leaving at least 17 people dead and Bolivian government buildings in flames.
    (AP, 2/13/03)(SFC, 2/12/03, p.A9)
2003        Feb 12, In Sao Paulo, Brazil, Bishop Paulo Pereira (38) of the Vetero Catholic Church, in the low-income district of Guainazes, was gunned down inside his church's headquarters. Elsewhere in San Paulo 3 gunmen killed Wallace Ornelas Passos, a 17-year-old student with a police record for theft and other criminal activities.
    (AP, 2/13/03)
2003        Feb 12, A bloody prison riot near Guatemala City left at least 6 inmates dead, and a man convicted in the high-profile murder case of Roman Catholic Bishop Juan Gerardi was among the dead.
    (AP, 2/13/03)
2003        Feb 12, The Republic of Congo reported that an Ebola outbreak was suspected in the recent deaths of 48 people.
    (SFC, 2/13/03, p.A7)
2003        Feb 12, India conducted its fourth missile test of 2003, firing a supersonic cruise missile capable of hitting major cities in Pakistan.
    (AP, 2/12/04)
2003        Feb 12, The UN nuclear agency declared North Korea in violation of international treaties, sending the dispute to the Security Council.
    (AP, 2/12/04)

2004        Feb 12, Behrooz Sarshar, an Iranian emigre in his mid-sixties and former FBI translator, stated he was forced to retire from the FBI (in November 2002) after a two-and-a-half year OPR investigation in which he was accused of talking about FBI matters with non-FBI people.
    (http://cryptome.org/nara/behrooz-sarshar.pdf)
2004        Feb 12, Four men were charged in a 42-count indictment alleging they'd run a steroid-distribution ring that provided performance-enhancing drugs to dozens of athletes in the NFL, the major leagues and track and field.
    (AP, 2/12/05)
2004        Feb 12, SF Mayor Gavin Newsom authorized the county clerk to begin issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples in defiance of state law. Some 90 gay and lesbian couples were wed and over the next few days some 2,000 took their vows.
    (SFC, 2/13/04, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/17/04, p.A1)(SFC, 6/27/15, p.A12)
2004        Feb 12, Mattel released news that Barbie would have a new boyfriend named Blaine, an Australian boogie boarder. Barbie’s new “Cali Girl" lined was set to debut in the summer.
    (ST, 7/29/04, p.C8)
2004        Feb 12, A union representing almost 50,000 university teachers in Britain voted to strike over pay.
    (AP, 2/12/04)
2004        Feb 12, Wang Huaizhong (57), a former Chinese provincial vice governor, was executed in Shandong province for taking more than $600,000 in bribes.
    (AP, 2/12/04)
2004        Feb 12, In Congo a Kenyan army officer, investigating reports of fighting between the rival Hema and Lendu tribal militias, was shot to death when his U.N. military convoy came under fire in Ituri province.
    (AP, 2/14/04)
2004        Feb 12, Malaysia's land minister was arrested and charged for his involvement a deal to sell millions of dollars worth of shares his government agency owned in the second high-profile anti-corruption case this week amid a government crackdown.
    (AP, 2/12/04)

2005        Feb 12, Christo and Jeanne-Claude opened their NYC Central Park Gates project. The $20 million,16-day exhibit featured 7,532 fabric draped steel gates spanning 23 miles.
    (SSFC, 2/13/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 12, Howard Dean (b.1948), former Vermont governor and presidential candidate, was elected chairman of the Democratic Party.
    (SSFC, 2/13/05, p.A3)
2005        Feb 12, In northern Brazil Dorothy Stang (73), an American nun, was shot to death. She had spent decades fighting efforts by loggers and large landowners to expropriate lands and clear large areas of the Amazon rainforest. In 2006 Amair Feijoli da Cunha (38) pleaded guilty and said he offered money to two gunmen to shoot nun, at the behest of ranchers Vitalmiro Moura and Regivaldo Galvao. In 2008 A jury voted 5-2 to acquit Vitalmiro Moura, one of two ranchers who allegedly ordered the killing Stang. The acquittal was overturned on a technicality in April, 2009. Moura and Galvao were convicted in 2010 and sentenced to 30 years in prison.
    (AP, 2/12/05)(WSJ, 2/14/05, p.A1)(AP, 4/27/06)(AP, 5/6/08)(AP, 5/1/10)
2005        Feb 12, In Iraq a car bomb exploded in front of a hospital in a mostly Shiite town south of Baghdad, killing 17 people and wounding 21 others. A prominent Iraqi judge was assassinated by two gunmen on a motorcycle in the southern port city of Basra. In Mosul the bodies of 6 Iraqi and 6 Kurdish guards were dumped. US troops in Mosul killed 9 insurgents.
    (AP, 2/12/05)(SSFC, 2/13/05, p.A12)
2005        Feb 12, Philippine couples started gathering along a Manila bayside boulevard for a pre-Valentine's Day kissing festival. Organizers hoped a million couples will lock lips nationwide.
    (AP, 2/12/05)
2005        Feb 12, Tens of thousands of Russians protested across the country against a law replacing medical and transportation benefits for pensioners with cash payments, with many calling for the ouster of Vladimir Putin's government.
    (AP, 2/12/05)
2005        Feb 12, Saudi newspapers said dozens of losing candidates in Saudi Arabia's first regular election will contest results from the opening round of municipal balloting, arguing that conservative religious candidates won unfairly by claiming support from clerics.
    (AP, 2/12/05)
2005        Feb 12, Syrian authorities released 55 members of the banned Muslim Brotherhood who had spent up to 20 years in jail.
    (AP, 2/12/05)
2005        Feb 12, In Togo thousands of demonstrators clashed with riot police in the capital for a 2nd day, protesting against the recent army-appointed president. 3 people were reportedly killed and dozens wounded when police fired at demonstrators.
    (AP, 2/12/05)

2006        Feb 12, A major storm slammed the mid-Atlantic and Northeast states with nearly 2 feet of windblown snow, nearing record levels as it blacked out thousands of customers and shut down air travel from Washington to Boston. A record 26.9 inches of snow fell in New York's Central Park.
    (AP, 2/12/06)(AP, 2/12/07)
2006        Feb 12, In Kansas, Toby Young (48), a married mother and dog trainer, helped John Manard (27), a man convicted of felony murder, escape from a Lansing Correctional Facility. They were caught Feb 24 in Tennessee. Young was sentenced to 27 months in prison. Manard was given an additional 10 years to his life sentence.
    (SFC, 2/17/06, p.A2)(WSJ, 2/9/08, p.A1)
2006        Feb 12, In Algiers Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld met with senior government leaders on what Pentagon officials said they believe to be the first visit to Algeria by a US defense secretary.
    (AP, 2/12/06)
2006        Feb 12, Bangladesh's main opposition party the Awami League ended its 13-month boycott of parliament and tabled proposals to reform the country's election system.
    (AFP, 2/12/06)
2006        Feb 12, Jan Egeland, UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, said the international community must provide $680 million in aid for Congo this year to stop a humanitarian disaster that kills as many people as the 2004 Asian tsunami every six months.
    (Reuters, 2/12/06)
2006        Feb 12, Greek archaeologists said they had discovered the largest underground tomb in Greek antiquity in the ancient northern city of Pella, birthplace of Alexander the Great.
    (AP, 2/12/06)
2006        Feb 12, Iran reaffirmed its commitment to the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, a day after its hard-line president implied Tehran was considering withdrawing from the pact after being reported to the UN Security Council.
    (AP, 2/12/06)
2006        Feb 12, Shiite lawmakers chose incumbent Ibrahim al-Jaafari to be Iraq's new prime minister, taking a key step in forming a government nearly two months after national elections.
    (AP, 2/12/06)
2006        Feb 12, Video images of British soldiers allegedly beating Iraqi youths with batons and fists aired throughout the Middle East and Britain, outraging locals and prompting British Prime Minister Tony Blair to vow a full investigation.
    (AP, 2/12/06)
2006        Feb 12, Bomb blasts and shootings killed at least three people in Baghdad and north of the Iraqi capital, including an Education Ministry official and an elderly woman. At least 22 people were wounded.
    (AP, 2/12/06)
2006        Feb 12, Injured figure skater Michelle Kwan withdrew from the Turin Olympics (she was replaced on the US team by Emily Hughes). Snowboarding superstar Shaun White, known as "The Flying Tomato," beat American teammate Danny Kass to win the Olympic gold medal.
    (AP, 2/12/07)
2006        Feb 12, Myanmar's leader Senior General Than Shwe lashed out at the US and the EU over their sanctions against his regime, amid rising global pressure for it to reform.
    (AP, 2/12/06)
2006        Feb 12, In South Africa British PM Tony Blair, Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva and 5 other leaders pledged to push for a new global trade deal that will help poor countries. The 2-day summit in Hammanskraal was the 7th meeting of center-left leaders since the Progressive Governance Network was created in 1999 by Blair and former US president Bill Clinton. Also attending were South Africa President Thabo Mbeki, South Korean PM Lee Hae-Chan, Ethiopian PM Meles Zenawi, Swedish PM Goeran Persson and New Zealand PM Helen Clark.
    (AFP, 2/12/06)

2007        Feb 12, In Washington DC Lithuania’s Pres. Valdas Adamkus met with Pres. Bush ahead of an address at the National Press Club. He was accompanied by a Lithuanian business delegation seeking US trade opportunities and potential investors.
    (http://eupolitics.einnews.com/news/valdas-adamkus)
2007        Feb 12, In SF John Konstin, owner of John’s Grill on Ellis St., reported the weekend theft of his Maltese Falcon, a copy of the statuette used in the 1941 eponymous film.
    (SFC, 2/13/07, p.A1)
2007        Jun 12, In California the Berkeley City Council passed a new Public Commons Initiative to deal with myriad issues facing those living on the streets.
    (SFC, 6/14/07, p.B1)
2007        Feb 12, In upstate New York intense lake-effect snow squalls that buried communities along eastern Lake Ontario for nine straight days started up again. Unofficially, the squalls have dumped 12 feet, 2 inches of snow at Redfield.
    (AP, 2/12/07)
2007        Feb 12, In Philadelphia, Penn., 3 men were shot to death in a marketing company conference room and another was critically injured by a gunman who killed himself as police closed in. The gunman had put a gig sum in a failed venture.
    (AP, 2/13/07)(WSJ, 2/14/07, p.A1)
2007        Feb 12, In Salt Lake City, Utah, Sulejmen Talovic (18) opened fire on shoppers, killing five and wounding four others before police fatally shot him at the Trolley Square shopping mall. Talovic was armed with several rounds of ammunition and carried two guns. Ken Hammond, an off-duty officer, cornered Talovic and prevented further loss of life.
    (AP, 2/13/07)(SFC, 2/14/07, p.A6)
2007        Feb 12, Four Seasons Hotels, the manager of 74 luxury hotels, said that it had agreed to be taken private by Bill Gates, Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal and the company's chief executive for $3.8 billion, including debt.
    (http://tinyurl.com/cxfxxkg)(Econ, 4/20/13, p.70)
2007        Feb 12, Peter Ellenshaw (93), special effects artist for Walt Disney, died. He made it possible for Mary Poppins to fly and for 50 chimney sweeps to dance on London rooftops.
    (WSJ, 2/17/07, p.A4)
2007        Feb 12, Helmand Governor Asadullah Wafa said at least 700 Taliban fighters have crossed from Pakistan into Afghanistan to reinforce guerrillas attacking the key Kajaki dam, a major source of electricity and irrigation. Several Taliban fighters were killed in an attack targeting a senior guerrilla leader. NATO and Afghan forces killed 22 Taliban fighters in separate clashes over the last 3 days in the Kajaki district of Helmand province.
    (Reuters, 2/12/07)(AP, 2/13/07)
2007        Feb 12, China's General Administration of Customs said surging trade surplus jumped 67% in January from the same month last year to $15.88 billion.
    (AP, 2/12/07)
2007        Feb 12, EU foreign ministers approved plans for implementing UN sanctions against Iran, a move that is meant to punish Tehran over its refusal to halt uranium enrichment.
    (AP, 2/12/07)
2007        Feb 12, In Guatemala Rigoberta Menchu, Nobel Peace Prize winner, announced the formation of an Indian-led political movement whose primary aim is to back her probable bid for the presidency this fall.
    (AP, 2/13/07)
2007        Feb 12, An Iraqi court raised the sentence against Saddam Hussein's vice president to death by hanging for the killings of Shiites in the town of Dujail. Thunderous explosions and dense black smoke swirled through central Baghdad when 3 car bombs tore through a crowded marketplace, setting off secondary blasts and killing 81 people with 172 wounded.
    (AP, 2/12/07)(AP, 2/13/07)
2007        Feb 12, Police conducted raids across northern Italy, breaking up a leftist militant group that was allegedly planning kidnappings or kneecappings of victims to finance its plots. The group traced back to the Red Brigades. Police said they arrested 15 suspects accused of belonging to the Politico-military Communist Party (PCPM) in Milan, Turin, Padua and other northern Italian cities. Police in 7 locations across Italy arrested 17 men, including four alleged arms traffickers: Massimo Bettinotti (39), Gianluca Squarzolo (39), Ermete Moretti (55), and Serafino Rossi (64). A 5th member, Vittorio Dordi, was believed to be in Congo, apparently involved in the diamond trade. The luggage of Squarzolo had yielded the original clue to the arms deal. They were involved in a $64 million deal negotiated with Libyan officials for some 500,000 Chinese-made assault rifles. Iraqi and Italian partners had haggled over shipping more than 100,000 Russian-made automatic weapons into Iraq.
    (AP, 2/12/07)(Econ, 2/17/07, p.54)(AP, 8/13/07)(WSJ, 12/13/07, p.A18)(AP, 4/12/08)
2007        Feb 12, A Japanese whaling ship issued a distress signal from Antarctic waters, after it collided with a protest boat trying to save whales from slaughter.
    (AP, 2/12/07)
2007        Feb 12, Mozambique officials said soldiers and relief workers using helicopters and canoes have evacuated some 60,000 people from the flooded Zambezi River Valley in central Mozambique, where more than 100,000 others are at risk.
    (AP, 2/12/07)
2007        Feb 12, A report issued by a human rights group accused Myanmar's military of killing, raping and torturing ethnic Karen women as part of its battle against the minority group over the past 25 years.
    (AP, 2/12/07)
2007        Feb 12, Portugal's prime minister said he will enact more liberal abortion laws in the conservative Roman Catholic country even though his proposal to relax restrictions failed to win complete endorsement in a referendum.
    (AP, 2/12/07)
2007        Feb 12, In Qatar Russia’s Putin and Qatari Emir Sheik Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani announced they would explore the creation of a natural gas cartel to represent the interests of producer countries. Qatar sits atop the world's single largest gas field.
    (AP, 2/12/07)
2007        Feb 12, Russian military prosecutors pledged to investigate allegations that young conscripts were forced into prostitution by fellow soldiers, the latest claim of rampant abuse in the nation's armed forces.
    (AP, 2/12/07)
2007        Feb 12, In Somalia a mortar slammed into a home in Mogadishu, killing a father and his 6-year-old son as they slept and wounding four people.
    (AP, 2/12/07)
2007        Feb 12, A vessel smuggling 120 people across the Gulf of Aden from Somalia to Yemen capsized as it approached the coast. At least 30 Somali and Ethiopian migrants trying to reach the Arabian peninsula drowned.
    (AP, 2/13/07)
2007        Feb 12, South Africa said it will build a second nuclear power plant generating more than 1,000 megawatts of electricity.
    (AFP, 2/12/07)
2007        Feb 12, Sri Lanka's navy said it destroyed a boat of the separatist Tamil Tiger movement and killed at least eight rebels off the country's east coast.
    (AP, 2/12/07)
2007        Feb 12, Ma Ying-jeou, chairman of Taiwan’s main opposition party (KMT), was indicted for embezzlement. He then defiantly announced he was running for president.
    (AFP, 2/13/07)(Econ, 2/17/07, p.44)
2007        Feb 12, Thailand, which has upset big drug companies by issuing patent-overriding licenses for generic versions of heart and HIV/AIDS pills, said it would issue more unless the firms cut prices.
    (AP, 2/12/07)
2007        Feb 12, A state official said Turkmenistan planned to open its first public Internet cafes, signaling at least some liberalization under Interim President Gurbanguli Berdymukhamedov, the presumed winner of its presidential election.
    (AP, 2/12/07)
2007        Feb 12, Ugandan army raids in the northeast allegedly killed up to 66 children who were shot or crushed by armored vehicles and stampeding animals. Save the Children later called for an independent, international investigation into the reports.
    (AP, 3/30/07)
2007        Feb 12, Venezuela signed a preliminary agreement to purchase Verizon Communications Inc.'s stake in the country's largest telecommunications company, the latest move by President Hugo Chavez toward nationalizing strategic sectors of the economy.
    (AP, 2/12/07)
2007        Feb 12, Zimbabwe's central statistics office reported that the inflation rate, already the highest in the world, had soared again by more than 300 points to 1,593% in January.
    (AP, 2/12/07)

2008        Feb 12, US Treasury Sec. Henry Paulson and 6 major lenders announced a new initiative to help seriously delinquent homeowners stave off foreclosure.
    (SFC, 2/13/08, p.C1)
2008        Feb 12, Barack Obama won 75% of the vote in Washington DC, nearly two-thirds in Virginia and approximately 60% in Maryland. McCain's victory in Virginia was a relatively close one, the result of an outpouring of religious conservatives who backed Mike Huckabee.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 12, A US federal appeals court has overturned a statute outlawing sex toy sales in Texas, one of the last states, all in the South, to retain such a ban.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 12, Brandon McInerney (14) shot and killed Larry King, a gay classmate in Ventura County, Ca. On Nov 21, 2011, McInerney pleaded guilty to the murder charge, as well as one count each of voluntary manslaughter and use of a firearm. On Dec 19 McInerney was sentenced to 21 years in prison. 
    (SFC, 8/12/11, p.C5)(AP, 11/21/11)(AP, 12/19/11)
2008        Feb 12, The Writers Guild of America voted to end their 3-month strike.
    (SFC, 2/13/08, p.A4)
2008        Feb 12, US filmmaker Steven Spielberg abandoned his role in the Beijing Olympics and a host of prominent figures accused China of not doing enough to press its ally Sudan to end devastating violence in Darfur.
    (AFP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 12, Speedo introduced its new LZR Racer swimsuit. By June 38 of 42 world swimming records were broken by swimmers wearing the suit.
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.100)(http://tinyurl.com/44xc9v)
2008        Feb 12, General Motors Corp. reported a $38.7 billion loss for 2007, the largest annual loss ever for an automotive company, and said it is making a new round of buyout offers to US hourly workers in hopes of replacing some of them with lower-paid help.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, US astronauts attached Europe’s $2 billion space lab to the int’l. space station.
    (SFC, 2/12/08, p.A8)
2008        Feb 12, In Manhattan psychologist Kathryn Faughey (56) died in her Upper East Side office after being stabbed 15 times with a cleaver and knife. Psychiatrist Kent Shinbach was also slashed in the attack. The assailant escaped. David Tarloff (39) was arrested on Feb 16. He blamed Faughey for having institutionalized him 17 years earlier.
    (SFC, 2/14/08, p.A3)(SSFC, 2/17/08, p.A2)
2008        Feb 12, In Afghanistan’s Khost province a roadside bomb killed 4 Afghan guards working for the US military.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 12, England's commissioner for children and a civil liberties group joined in on a campaign to ban high-frequency devices intended to drive misbehaving children away from shops and other areas.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, Badri Patarkatsishvili (52), a Georgian tycoon, was found dead in his mansion near London. Police said they were treating the death as suspicious. He had claimed he was the target of assassination plot after helping lead anti-government protests in his homeland. He had built his fortune in Russia, where he became Berezovsky's business partner. However, the two men claimed in British court documents that the Russian government forced them to sell their stakes in oil company Sibneft, Russian Aluminum and television channel ORT for a fraction of their value. Interim tests indicated that Patarkatsishvili died of natural causes.
    (AP, 2/13/08)(AP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 12, In Canada at least 22 people, including a minor, have been charged in what police said was one of Central Canada's biggest investigations of Internet child pornography.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 12, China and Russia challenged the United States at a disarmament debate by formally presenting a plan to ban weapons in space, a proposal that Washington has called a diplomatic ploy by the two nations to gain a military advantage.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, In southwestern China a bus veered off a highway and plunged down a 160-foot cliff into a river, killing at least 21 people.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, Danish police said they have arrested three people suspected of plotting to kill one of the 12 cartoonists behind the Prophet Muhammad drawings that sparked a deadly uproar in the Muslim world two years ago.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, East Timor declared a state of emergency. Australian troops and a warship arrived to boost security after rebel attacks on the country's two top leaders left the president in "extremely serious" condition with gunshot wounds.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, European Union antitrust regulators raided Intel Corp. and computer resellers searching for evidence that they may have broken cartel or monopoly rules.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, The EU resumed deployment of a much-awaited peacekeeping force for two countries neighboring Sudan's troubled Darfur region.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, President Nicolas Sarkozy said France is ready to transfer technology to Brazil so that an attack submarine, helicopters and the Rafale fighter plane can be built there.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, Hisham Michwit Hamdan (27), an Iraqi journalist who disappeared after leaving his offices two days ago to buy some supplies, was found shot to death in central Baghdad. A police officer was killed and two others wounded when gunmen in a speeding car attacked their patrol just south of Basra. Gunmen opened fire on a school bus in Diyala province, killing two girls and a boy and wounding the driver and two other pupils. The attack happened as the bus traveled between the predominantly Sunni town of Kanaan and the mainly Shiite town of Balad Ruz. Iraqi police and forensics officials said a mass grave with 13 decomposed bodies was uncovered in an orchard near Muqdadiyah.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, Israel said it plans to build 1,000 homes in East Jerusalem, angering Palestinians who said the move undermines efforts for a peace deal.
    (WSJ, 2/13/08, p.A1)
2008        Feb 12, A boat was wrecked off southern Morocco leaving 24 African migrants missing, but 11 others were rescued.
    (AFP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 12, In Myanmar supporters of opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi protested to demand democracy in Myanmar, days after the military regime said it would hold elections in 2010 under a new constitution likely to entrench the junta's powerful position.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, In Pakistan new army chief Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani ordered the withdrawal of military officers from the government’s civil departments.
    (SFC, 2/13/08, p.A4)
2008        Feb 12, The Philippine government called for calm amid growing street protests calling for President Gloria Arroyo to resign over a corruption scandal which has implicated her husband and a close aide.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, Russia agreed to eliminate a murky middleman company from its gas trade with Ukraine in exchange for 50% share of Ukraine’s domestic gas market.
    (WSJ, 2/13/08, p.A5)
2008        Feb 12, In northern Somalia gunmen kidnapped a German aid worker after exchanging fire with his bodyguards. The next day Somaliland forces freed him from gunmen.
    (AP, 2/12/08)(AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 12, South Africa’s security minister announced that the government is dissolving an elite graft-busting unit set up by prosecutors, in the latest twist in a struggle between South Africa's crime-fighting agencies.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, South Korea held its first-ever trial by jury as part of reform measures aimed at increasing confidence in the judicial system. A nine-member jury in Daegu heard the case of a man (27) accused of assaulting a woman (70) while trying to burglarize her house. By South Korean law, the findings of jury are nonbinding, with the final verdict still resting in the hands of a judge, as in the past. Juries will be used at the request of defendants in some criminal cases.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, Tiger rebels shelled a key base in northern Sri Lanka, killing six soldiers and wounding 10, as the defense ministry said the rebels sustained heavy losses in new fighting.
    (AP, 2/12/08)
2008        Feb 12, In Syria Imad Mughniyeh (45), the suspected mastermind of dramatic attacks on the US Embassy and US Marine barracks that killed hundreds of Americans in Lebanon in the 1980s, died in a car bombing. Hezbollah and its Iranian backers blamed Israel for the killing. Israel denied involvement and said it was looking into the death. Mughniyeh, a Lebanese Shia,  was recruited by Ali Hassan Salameh (d.1979), the chief of operations officer of Black September. In 2015 the Washington Post reported that the CIA and Israel's spy agency Mossad were behind the plot.
    (AP, 2/13/08)(Econ, 6/7/14, p.88)(AFP, 1/31/15)
2008        Feb 12, Venezuela's state petroleum company PDVSA said it suspended oil supplies to ExxonMobil in retaliation for the US energy giant's effort to freeze billions of dollars in global PDVSA assets.
    (AP, 2/12/08)

2009        Feb 12, The first of four new pennies chronicling Abraham Lincoln's rise from a small Kentucky cabin went into circulation to honor the 16th president's 200th birthday.
    (AP, 2/13/09)
2009        Feb 12, A commuter plane, Continental Connection Flight 3407 from Newark, N.J., coming in for a landing nose-dived into a house in suburban Buffalo, sparking a fiery explosion that killed all 49 people aboard and a person in the home. It was the nation's first fatal crash of a commercial airliner in 2 1/2 years. Historian Alison Des Forges (66), prominent human rights advocate who documented genocide in Rwanda, was among the victims of the crash.
    (AP, 2/13/09)(AP, 2/13/09)
2009        Feb 12, In New York Aasiya Hassan (37) was found beheaded at the Bridges TV offices. Muzzammil Hassan, founder and CEO of Buffalo, NY-based Bridges TV, was charged after reporting the death of his wife. He had launched Bridges in 2004 with a mission to show Muslims in a more positive light. Muzzammil Hassan, who pleaded that he was a victim of spousal abuse, was convicted on Feb 7, 2011.
    (Reuters, 2/16/09)(SFC, 2/8/11, p.A6)
2009        Feb 12, Ed Grothus (b.1923), owner of the Black Hole “nuclear waste" junk store in Los Alamos, NM, died. The former Manhattan Project machinist began collecting rejected equipment from the weapons lab at Los Alamos in 1969 and in 1972 established his Omega Peace Institute at a former Lutheran church, which later became his First Church of High Technology.
    (SFC, 3/14/09, p.A10)
2009        Feb 12, In southern Afghanistan a gunfight between Australian forces and Taliban fighters killed at least 3 children who were caught in the crossfire in Uruzgan province. In 2010 three former Australian commandos faced serious charges in relation to the late-night raid that killed 6 Afghans, including five children. Another two children and two adults were wounded. In 2011 Australia dropped all charges against the three commandos.
    (AP, 2/13/09)(AP, 9/27/10)(AP, 8/30/11)
2009        Feb 12, In eastern Algeria 2 bombs exploded hours after President Abdelaziz Bouteflika announced he will run for a new term, killing at least seven people.
    (AFP, 2/13/09)
2009        Feb 12, Canada said its federal police will no longer use stun guns against suspects merely resisting arrest or refusing to cooperate because the guns can cause death. At least 20 Canadians have died after being zapped by stun guns.
    (SFC, 2/13/09, p.A4)
2009        Feb 12, In Canada Timothy Scott (22), a US Marine wanted for abandoning his unit, shot himself to death outside his mother’s home in Nova Scotia after police tried to talk him out of firing a gun. Scott had already served 2 terms in Iraq.
    (SSFC, 2/15/09, p.A6)
2009        Feb 12, Chile’s central bank slashed its key interest rate 2.5% to 4.75%.
    (WSJ, 2/13/09, p.A8)(Econ, 2/21/09, p.40)
2009        Feb 12, China's President Hu Jintao arrived in Mali at the start of a four-country African tour which Beijing insists is about strengthening cooperation and not solely for economic gain.
    (AP, 2/12/09)
2009        Feb 12, The Aluminum Corporation of China (Chinalco) announced that it would invest $19.5 billion in Anglo-Australian miner Rio Tinto. In June it was reported that Chinalco would not complete the deal.
    (Econ, 2/14/09, p.73)(AFP, 6/4/09)
2009        Feb 12, Local officials confirmed that swaths of western China that have large Tibetan populations have been declared off limits to foreign visitors, ahead of the politically sensitive 50th anniversary of a failed Tibetan uprising.
    (AP, 2/12/09)
2009        Feb 12, An Egyptian security official said police have arrested 40 suspected smugglers and seized goods in a new crackdown on smuggling into the Hamas-run Gaza Strip in a  crackdown that started last weekend.
    (AP, 2/12/09)
2009        Feb 12, Researchers in Germany, on the 200th anniversary of Charles Darwin’s birth, said they have completed the first draft of the Neanderthal genome, 3 billion genetic building blocks that will shed new light on the ancient hominid as well as the origins of humans, its closest relation. Lead scientist Svante Paabo established in 1997 that Neanderthals were cousins rather than ancestors of modern humans.
    (AP, 2/12/09)(Econ, 2/21/09, p.80)
2009        Feb 12, Domenica Niehoff (63), Germany's best-known former prostitute, died. She was a familiar figure on TV talk shows in the 1970s and '80s and was instantly recognizable for her 48-inch bust and notoriously revealing outfits.
    (AP, 2/13/09)
2009        Feb 12, Hong Kong's High Court quashed the conviction of Australian Kevin Egan, one of the city's most high-profile lawyers, who had been jailed for leaking the identity of a protected witness to a journalist.
    (AFP, 2/12/09)
2009        Feb 12, In India Chief Justice A.P. Shah said the High Court in New Delhi is so behind in its work that it could take 466 years to clear the backlog.
    (SFC, 2/13/09, p.A4)
2009        Feb 12, In Indonesia at least 42 people were injured and hundreds of homes and buildings damaged when a major earthquake struck off Sulawesi island near the Philippines.
    (AP, 2/12/09)
2009        Feb 12, In Iraq a bomb attack targeting Shiite pilgrims in Karbala killed 8 people and injured 52 others.
    (AP, 2/12/09)(SFC, 2/13/09, p.A4)
2009        Feb 12, Mexican federal police arrested 10 alleged members of a hit squad working for the Beltran Leyva drug cartel, who had come to Mexico City to start a turf war with a rival cartel.
    (WSJ, 2/13/09, p.A10)
2009        Feb 12, Pakistan’s government said for the first time that last November's attack on Mumbai was launched and partly planned from Pakistan, and it was holding in custody a ringleader and five other suspects.
    (Reuters, 2/12/09)
2009        Feb 12, Hamas deputy leader Moussa Abu Marzouk told Egypt's official MENA news agency that the Islamic militant group has agreed to an 18-month truce with Israel.
    (AP, 2/13/09)
2009        Feb 12, Off Somalia an American helicopter from the USS Vella Gulf fired warning shots at gunmen in two skiffs that had opened fire and tried to board the Indian-flagged vessel Premdivya. US forces searched the skiff and found weapons including rocket-propelled grenades, then took nine suspected pirates aboard the American ship. A Russian nuclear-powered heavy missile cruiser, Peter The Great, detained 10 Somali pirates closing in on an Iranian-flagged fishing trawler. The men, were caught with rifles, grenade-launchers, illegal narcotics and a large sum of money.
    (AP, 2/13/09)
2009        Feb 12, In Russia's restive southern republic of Ingushetia insurgents and police clashed, leaving four officers and three attackers dead.
    (AP, 2/13/09)
2009        Feb 12, Sri Lanka's army disbanded the mostly ineffective "safe zone" it had established in the war-wracked north and set up a new refuge for the tens of thousands of civilians still trapped. A Sri Lankan (26) set himself on fire outside the UN complex in Geneva in apparent protest against the military campaign. A five-page letter found near his body identified the man as a Tamil who had been living in Britain.
    (AP, 2/12/09)(AP, 2/14/09)
2009        Feb 12, In Venezuela tens of thousands clad in red flooded the streets of Caracas, saying a referendum that would end term limits is the only way President Hugo Chavez can complete what he calls a socialist revolution.
    (AP, 2/12/09)

2010        Feb 12, In Alabama Amy Bishop (42), a biology professor at the University of Alabama in Huntsville, gunned down three of her colleagues during a faculty meeting in an apparent tenure dispute. On Sep 11, 2012, Bishop pleaded guilty to killing her colleagues. On Sep 24 she was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 2/13/10)(SFC, 9/12/12, p.A8)(AP, 9/24/12)
2010        Feb 12, In Oregon Jeffrey Grahn (46), an off-duty sheriff’s sergeant, shot and killed his wife and another woman before fatally shooting himself at a bar in Gresham.
    (SSFC, 2/14/10, p.A8)
2010        Feb 12, In Pennsylvania Max Ray Vision, formerly Max Ray Butler, of San Francisco was sentenced to 13 years in prison and ordered to pay $27.5 million to the banks and credit card companies that he victimized. In 2009 Butler (36) had identified himself in court as “Max Vision," the name he gave himself in the 1990s when he became a superstar in the computer security community.
    (SFC, 2/13/10, p.D1)(www.wired.com/threatlevel/2009/06/butler_court/)
2010        Feb 12, Afghan and US troops fought back small-scale attacks by Taliban fighters on the northern outskirts of Marjah, as tribal elders pleaded for NATO to finish its planned attack on the Taliban stronghold quickly and carefully to protect civilians. Cars and trucks jammed the main road out Marjah as hundreds of civilians defied militant orders and fled the area ahead of the anticipated US-Afghan assault. A joint international-Afghan patrol fired on two men mistakenly believed to be insurgents in Gardez, south of Kabul. 3 women were "accidentally killed as a result of the joint force firing at the men." NATO confirmed its responsibility for the 5 deaths on April 4.
    (AP, 2/12/10)(AP, 4/5/10)(SFC, 4/5/10, p.A2)
2010        Feb 12-2010 Feb 13, A massive iceberg, about the size of Luxembourg, struck Antarctica, dislodging another giant block of ice from the giant floating Mertz Glacier and shaved off a new iceberg.
    (AP, 2/26/10)
2010        Feb 12 In Azerbaijan lawmakers revised the country’s media laws to forbid journalists from filming, recording or photographing subjects without their permission.
    (SSFC, 2/14/10, p.A4)
2010        Feb 12, In Brazil the World's Greatest Party opened, but the everything-goes atmosphere of Carnival that has turned Rio de Janeiro into a giant oceanside den of debauchery was under assault. Amid the law-and-order makeover, a 7-year-old girl prepared to samba before a crowd of thousands as a Carnival drum corps queen.
    (AP, 2/12/10)
2010        Feb 12, The XXI Olympic Winter Games began in Vancouver, British Columbia, with the Olympics' first-ever indoor opening ceremony. Georgian luger Nodar Kumaritashvili died in a horrific crash on a training run, casting a shadow as Vancouver opened the Winter Olympic Games with a daredevil snowboarder, an aboriginal welcome, and Wayne Gretzky lighting the cauldron.
    (AP, 2/12/10)(Reuters, 2/13/10)(SFC, 2/22/10, p.A1)
2010        Feb 12, China raised the level of reserves banks must hold for the second time this year, spooking financial markets on the eve of its New Year holiday by showing it was intent to curb lending and inflation.
    (Reuters, 2/13/10)
2010        Feb 12, In India thousands of devout Hindus bathed in the waters of the Ganges river as part of the Kumbh Mela, often described as the world's largest religious gathering. The festival began on January 13 in Haridwar, a temple-filled town at the foothills of the Himalayas where the Ganges river enters the sprawling plains of northern India. The festival ends April 28.
    (AP, 2/12/10)
2010        Feb 12, In India Rouvanjit Rawla (12), a pupil at the prestigious La Martiniere for Boys school in the eastern city of Kolkata, hanged himself in his room after being caned for bringing stink bombs into class. Illegal but often tolerated, caning was rife in India's school system, but the suicide of the pupil after a beating brought the practice out of the shadows.
    (AFP, 7/03/10)(http://tinyurl.com/29t956x)
2010        Feb 12, In Iraq a joint raid by American and Iraqi security forces on suspected weapons smugglers in the village of Ali al-Sharqi near the Iranian border left at least five people dead.  The troops were searching for weapons allegedly smuggled across the border by suspected Iranian-backed Kateb Hezbollah fighters.
    (AP, 2/12/10)(AP, 2/13/10)
2010        Feb 12, Ivory Coast Pres. Laurent Gbagbo declared that he is dissolving the government and election commission. The move threw into doubt a political reconciliation process that had former rebels serving in top ministerial posts.
    (SFC, 2/13/10, p.A2)
2010        Feb 12, Palestinian officials rallied around Rafiq Husseini, the chief of staff to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, after a video surfaced showing him in the nude in an alleged attempt to trade his influence for sex. Pres. Abbas fired Husseini on April 7.
    (AP, 2/12/10)(AP, 4/7/10)
2010        Feb 12, The WHO said a cholera outbreak on Papua New Guinea has killed at least 40 people over the last several months.
    (SFC, 2/13/10, p.A2)
2010        Feb 12, Russian officials said that at least 14 suspected Islamic militants had been killed and one police officer wounded in two days of fighting in the southern province of Ingushetia.
    (AP, 2/13/10)
2010        Feb 12, In Somalia at least eight people, including a six-year-old, were killed as mortars pounded Mogadishu during an attack on government soldiers by al-Shabab fighters. Hundreds of residents fled Mogadishu.
    (AP, 2/12/10)
2010        Feb 12, A senior Yemeni official accused northern rebels of violating a cease-fire agreement hours after it took effect, killing a soldier and wounding another in an attack on a police station.
    (AP, 2/12/10)

2011        Feb 12, Activists at the Conservative Political Action Conference in Washington, DC, selected Texas Rep. Ron Paul as their top choice for the 2012 presidential nomination. Former Massachusetts Gov. Mit Romney finished a strong second.
    (SSFC, 2/13/11, p.A14)
2011        Feb 12, The US defense budget, around $700 million a year including war expenditures, was as big as the those of the world’s next 20 highest military spenders combined.
    (Econ, 2/12/11, p.33)
2011        Feb 12, US researchers said that people who used two specific varieties of pesticide, paraquat and rotenone, were 2.5 times as likely to develop Parkinson's disease.
    (AFP, 2/13/11)
2011        Feb 12, Louisiana authorities said 4 people died and one was rescued after their boat capsized during a fishing trip on the Gulf of Mexico.
    (AP, 2/13/11)
2011        Feb 12, In New York Maksim Gelman (23) was taken into custody after a bloody 28-hour rampage across New York City. He had gotten into a fight with his mother after she refused to allow him to use her Lexus. Armed with five knives Gelman fatally stabbed his stepfather, ex-girlfriend and her mother, ran down a pedestrian in a stolen car, and slashed and wounded four other people before being arrested in a Times Square subway station.
    (AP, 2/13/11)
2011        Feb 12, In Afghanistan Taliban suicide bombers killed 19 people, including 15 police and an intelligence agent, in an assault on police headquarters in Kandahar city.
    (AFP, 2/12/11)
2011        Feb 12, In Algeria more than 400 people were arrested during a pro-democracy protest that brought some 10 thousand people onto the streets of Algiers. The marchers urged reforms pushing Algeria toward democracy but did not specifically call for Pres. Bouteflika to resign. Some 28,000 security forces were deployed to block the march and disperse the crowds.
    (AP, 2/12/11)
2011        Feb 12, A Cambodian mother died from bird flu after preparing and eating meat contaminated by the deadly H5N1 virus. Her 11-month-old son died on Feb 17. A 5-year-old girl died earlier this month in Phnom Penh, a case also linked to contact with sick poultry.
    (AP, 2/24/11)
2011        Feb 12, China’s the Xinhua News Agency reported that Liu Zhijun (58), who has been head of the railway ministry since 2003, is under investigation for "severe violations of discipline" and has been removed from his position as the ministry's Communist Party chief. He will be replaced by Sheng Guangzu (62), head of the General Administration of Customs.
    (AP, 2/13/11)
2011        Feb 12, Egypt’s ruling military pledged to eventually hand power to an elected civilian government and reassured allies that Egypt will abide by its peace treaty with Israel after the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak, as it outlined the first cautious steps in a promised transition to greater democracy. Human Rights Watch documented 302 deaths thus far, many of them victims of police gunfire on the nights of Jan 28 and 29.
    (AP, 2/12/11)(Econ, 2/12/11, p.27)
2011        Feb 12, At least 13 Egyptians died and nearly two dozen were injured when a 6-storey building collapsed in the southern tourist town of Luxor.
    (AFP, 2/12/11)
2011        Feb 12, Greece slammed EU and the IMF inspectors overseeing efforts to reform its debt-crippled economy. The IMF, the European Central Bank and the European Commission said Greece must privatize $68 billion in state assets and speed up structural reforms. Unemployment was at 13.5% and was forecast to reach 15%.
    (SSFC, 2/13/11, p.A4)(Econ, 2/5/11, p.62)
2011        Feb 12, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew himself up on a bus carrying Shiite pilgrims, killing 36 people on their way to the al-Askari mosque in Samarra that has been a flash point in Iraqi sectarian strife.
    (AP, 2/12/11)(AP, 2/13/11)
2011        Feb 12, Italian auto giant Fiat, under pressure to abandon any plan to move its headquarters to the United States, committed to invest 20 billion euros to produce 1.4 million vehicles in Italy.
    (AFP, 2/12/11)
2011        Feb 12, Malawi drew criticism from donor countries over "certain negative trends" in the poor southern African nation, including a new law that allows publications to be banned.
    (AFP, 2/12/11)
2011        Feb 12, In Mexico 11 people were slain in several separate murders overnight in Ciudad Juarez. Gunmen shot dead five men together in an additional group killing on a highway between Chihuahua city and Ciudad Juarez. 7 presumed cartel gunmen were shot dead by soldiers near Monterrey during a midnight chase and shootout. A civilian was also killed when the gunmen crashed into his car as they tried to flee soldiers. Hours later armed men opened fire and hurled a grenade into a crowded nightclub early in the day, killing six people and wounding at least 37 in Guadalajara, a city whose former tranquility has been shattered by escalating battles among drug cartels.
    (AFP, 2/13/11)(AP, 2/13/11)
2011        Feb 12, In Nicaragua Jose Gabriel Garmendia, a former Contra rebel, was killed by the Nicaraguan army, which described him as a common criminal. He had fought Nicaragua's government in the 1980s and launched another uprising against President Daniel Ortega because of Ortega's plans to seek re-election.
    (AP, 9/24/11)
2011        Feb 12, In Nigeria a stampede happened shortly after President Goodluck Jonathan addressed a surging crowd of party supporters in a sports stadium in Port Harcourt. 11 people were killed and a 12th person died the next day.
    (AFP, 2/13/11)
2011        Feb 12, A Pakistani court issued an arrest warrant for exiled former president Pervez Musharraf in connection with the 2007 assassination of Benazir Bhutto, officially implicating him for first time in the death of the former prime minister and rival.
    (Reuters, 2/12/11)
2011        Feb 12, Pakistani security forces captured a would-be suicide bomber and five handlers while another blew himself up in the northwestern Swat valley town of Batkhela.
    (AFP, 2/12/11) 
2011        Feb 12, In the southern Philippines army troops captured a jungle encampment of al-Qaida-linked Abu Sayyaf gunmen and killed five militants in a gunbattle that also left two soldiers dead near the village of Baiwas. Among the dead was Juhaiber Alamsirul, a close aide of Abu Sayyaf commander Nurhassan Jamiri, who has been blamed for beheadings and kidnappings.
    (AP, 2/13/11)
2011        Feb 12, Russian police detained Sergei Udaltsov, head of the anti-Kremlin Left Front group, and 13 other activists during a rally in Moscow that drew hundreds of protesters. A regional leader of the pro-Kremlin Just Russia party was gunned down in the province of Adygeya. Alexander Loboda was sprayed with bullets from a passing car in the town of Maykop. Two suspected Islamic militants were gunned down in Nazran, the largest city in the province of Ingushetia. Dagestan police found the body of a man apparently killed a day earlier by an improvised explosive device. The man was said to be an Islamic militant who triggered the device by mistake in the Kyzyl-Yurt district.
    (AP, 2/12/11)
2011        Feb 12, Somali pirates hijacked the bulk carrier MV Sinin and its 23 crew members.
    (SFC, 2/14/11, p.A2)
2011        Feb 12, In Sudan hundreds of civilians sought refuge at a UN compound in the contested town of Abyei following a spate of violence that killed three people from north Sudan.
    (AP, 2/14/11)
2011        Feb 12, In Yemen several thousand young Yemenis gathered in central Sanaa, calling for President Ali Abdallah Saleh to step down and follow the example of Egyptian leader Hosni Mubarak. Police with clubs beat the protesters.
    (AFP, 2/12/11)(AP, 2/12/11)

2012        Feb 12, The 54th Grammy Awards were held in Los Angeles. British singer Adele won every award she was up for including Album of the year for “21" and Record of the year for “Rolling in the Deep."
    (SFC, 2/13/12, p.D1)
2012        Feb 12, DogTV went live on Time Warner Cable and Cox Media. It was produced by Jasmine Group, an Israeli company, which hoped to charge a premium of $4.99 per month for the channel designed to keep dogs company.
    (SFC, 3/5/12, p.D3)
2012        Feb 12, In Northern California authorities unearthed more skull fragments and other human remains, along with clothes, a purse and jewelry, in a well where convicted serial killer Wesley Shermantine said there may be 10 or more victims.
    (AP, 2/12/12)
2012        Feb 12, The Afghan Health Ministry said that the director of a medical clinic in Helmand province was found dead after being kidnapped a week ago by unknown gunmen. The provincial government of Helmand province said a roadside bomb killed three civilians in Washir district.
    (AP, 2/12/12)
2012        Feb 12, In Brazil Paulo Rodrigues (51), the editor-in-chief of a newspaper that crusaded against corruption in the rough border region with Paraguay, was shot dead in Ponta Pora, Mato Grosso do Sul state, where his Jornal da Praca newspaper and Mercosulnews.com website are based.
    (AP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 12, Black-and-white turned to gold as silent movie "The Artist" won seven BAFTA awards including best film at a ceremony in London, raising expectations of a strong showing at the Academy Awards. Meryl Streep clinched the leading actress prize for her portrayal of former British PM Margaret Thatcher both as a politician at the height of her power and as a frail elderly lady suffering from dementia, in "The Iron Lady."
    (Reuters, 2/13/12)
2012        Feb 12, In CongoDRC a private jet crashed while landing in the eastern city of Bukavu. Presidential aid Augustin Katumba Mwanke (48) was among those killed. There were 2 pilots and 7 passengers on the private jet. Two American crew members also died, as well as two people crushed by the plane as it came down at Bukavu airport.
    (AP, 2/12/12)(AFP, 2/13/12)
2012        Feb 12, In Egypt a UN freelance consultant was fatally shot in the head while driving through an upscale Cairo neighborhood in a random daytime shooting. She was a consultant with the women's fund at the United Nations in Cairo and also worked at a medical lab.
    (AP, 2/12/12)
2012        Feb 12, Greek lawmakers approved harsh new austerity measures, 199-74, demanded by bailout creditors to save the nation from bankruptcy as rioters destroyed or seriously damaged 93 buildings, many in the city’s historic center.
    (AP, 2/13/12)(Econ, 2/18/12, p.53)
2012        Feb 12, Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei told Hamas’ Ismail Haniyeh that Iran would always stand by the Palestinian resistance against Israel and warned him against compromisers. Pres. Ahmadinejad said it was Iran’s duty to stand by the Palestinians.
    (SFC, 2/13/12, p.A3)
2012        Feb 12, Israeli unions announced they were ending a general strike on its fifth day, after reaching an agreement with treasury officials that will boost salaries and benefits for contract workers.
    (AFP, 2/12/12)
2012        Feb 12, Israeli airstrikes killed Abdelkareem Abu Zeituneh (71), an orchard security guard in the Gaza Strip. The Israeli military said in a statement that aircraft targeted tunnels and a weapons factory in response to rocket fire on southern Israel.
    (AP, 2/12/12)
2012        Feb 12, In Ivory Coast clashes broke out between the ethnic Agni and the Republican Forces of Ivory Coast (FRCI) backed by ethnic Malinke and continued on to the next day leaving 3 people killed and a dozen wounded.
    (AFP, 2/13/12)
2012        Feb 12, In Libya clashes erupted between members of the Zwai and Tobu tribes in the town of Kufra and continued into the next day. At least 17 people were killed in the two days of fighting with another 22 wounded.
    (AFP, 2/13/12)
2012        Feb 12, Malaysia deported Hamza Kashgari, a young Saudi journalist wanted in his home country over a Twitter post about the Prophet Mohammed, defying pleas from human rights group who said he faced execution. His tweet: "I have loved things about you and I have hated things about you and there is a lot I don't understand about you. "I will not pray for you."
    (AFP, 2/12/12)
2012        Feb 12, Ousted Maldives president Mohamed Nasheed rejected a US call for compromise and rejected a unity government to end political unrest as fresh clashes erupted in the Indian Ocean nation.
    (AFP, 2/12/12)
2012        Feb 12, In northwest Pakistan a bomb hidden in a television set exploded in a house on the outskirts of Peshawar, killing at least seven people. Police believed the attack was part of a local feud.
    (AFP, 2/12/12)
2012        Feb 12, In South Africa the Impala Platinum worker’s union said the world's number two producer has agreed to take back 17,200 workers who were fired for going on strike.
    (AFP, 2/12/12)
2012        Feb 12, In Spain some ten thousands people took to the streets of Madrid in support of Baltasar Garzon, a judge who won global fame for taking on international human rights cases, but has now been barred from the bench for ordering jailhouse wiretaps.
    (AP, 2/12/12)
2012        Feb 12, Sudan and breakaway South Sudan agreed to cooperate in the transfer of more than 300,000 people to the South. The deal allowed South Sudanese to choose where they want to live and set an April 8 deadline for 500,000 people to go back to their homeland or to "normalize" their stay in Sudan.
    (AFP, 2/12/12)(AP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 12, The Arab League foreign ministers meeting in Cairo adopted a draft resolution calling for an immediate cease-fire in Syria and called on the UN Security Council to pass a resolution creating a joint peacekeeping force for Syria. Al-Qaida chief Ayman al-Zawahri threw the terror network's support behind Syrian rebels trying to topple President Bashar Assad. Arab League chief Nabil Elaraby accepted the resignation of Gen. Mohammed Ahmed Al-Dabi, the head of the Syrian observer mission, and nominated former Jordanian Foreign Minister Abdullah al-Khatib as the new envoy.
    (AP, 2/12/12)\
2012        Feb 12, Turkmenistan held presidential elections. The seven candidates running against President Gurbanguli Berdymukhamedov (54) have all made praise for his leadership a central plank of their campaigns. Berdymukhamedov won a new five-year term by capturing 97 percent of the vote. A Western expert called the vote a democratic sham.
    (AP, 2/12/12)(AP, 2/13/12)
2012        Feb 12, Venezuelans lined up to vote in the country's first-ever opposition presidential primary, choosing a single challenger they hope will have what it takes to finally defeat President Hugo Chavez after 13 years in office. Henrique Capriles (39), governor of Miranda state, easily won the opposition presidential primary.
    (AP, 2/12/12)(AP, 2/13/12)
2012        Feb 12, In southern Yemen al-Qaida-linked militants in Azan and Jaar publicly executed two Yemenis suspected of collaborating with the United States.
    (AP, 2/12/12)
2012        Feb 12, Zimbabwe state media said International diamond watchdog the Kimberley Process (KP) has certified Zimbabwe's Diamond Mining Company to sell gems from the violence-tainted Marange fields.
    (AFP, 2/12/12)

2013        Feb 12, President Obama made his State of the Union address. He announced plans with the EU to pursue talks aimed at achieving an overarching trans-Atlantic free trade deal. Obama also said that the first 34,000 troops will leave Afghanistan within a year and more in 2014, when all foreign combat forces are to leave the country.
    (AP, 2/13/13)
2013        Feb 12, Christopher Dorner, the fugitive ex-Los Angeles cop sought in three killings, exchanged gunfire with authorities in the San Bernardino Mountains. It's believed Dorner committed a residential burglary of a cabin where a couple was tied up, stole a pickup and escaped to another cabin. One sheriff’s deputy died in the exchange of gunfire. The ID of Dorner’s body was soon confirmed with dental records. Only after calls for surrender and use of milder tear gas did deputies launch pyrotechnic gas canisters into the cabin, and the subsequent fire was not intentional, the Sheriff's Department said.
    (AP, 2/12/13)(SFC, 2/13/13, p.A8)(SFC, 2/15/13, p.A6)(AP, 2/16/13)
2013        Feb 12, IOC leaders meeting in Switzerland dropped wrestling from the Olympic program, a surprise decision that removes one of the oldest Olympic sports from the 2020 Games.
    (AP, 2/12/13)
2013        Feb 12, In Bangladesh thousands of protesters demonstrated again over the lenient Feb 5 ruling against Abdul Quader Mollah, leader of the Jamaat party, for his role in the 1971 independence war.
    (SFC, 2/13/13, p.A4)
2013        Feb 12, In Brazil a fire on a Carnival float killed four people and injured five in the port city of Santos. The float reportedly caught fire after striking a power line.
    (AP, 2/12/13)
2013        Feb 12, British authorities raided a slaughterhouse in Yorkshire and a meat processing company suspected of selling horsemeat labeled as beef for kebabs and burgers.
    (SFC, 2/13/13, p.A2)
2013        Feb 12, Barclays' new chief executive pledged a fresh course for Britain's third biggest bank, axing at least 3,700 jobs and pruning its investment bank as he seeks to rebuild its reputation and boost profitability after a series of scandals.
    (Reuters, 2/12/13)
2013        Feb 12, G4S settled a months-long dispute with the organizers of the London Olympics, having failed to supply enough security guards for the 2012 Games, and said it will take a 70 million pound loss on the contract.
    (AP, 2/12/13)
2013        Feb 12, In Egypt hundreds of low-ranking policemen held protests demanding they not be used as a tool for political oppression in the country's ongoing turmoil.
    (AP, 2/12/13)
2013        Feb 12, Two French aid workers were convicted of fraud and sentenced to 2 years in prison for trying to bring 103 children from central Africa to France for adoption, claiming they were orphans from Darfur. Four other Zoe's Ark members were convicted of trying to bring foreign minors into France, but given suspended sentences ranging from 6 months to a year. The six workers were arrested in Chad in 2007 as they sought to put the children on a plane.
    (AP, 2/12/13)
2013        Feb 12, French workers fired flares and paint bombs and riot police answered with tear gas in a standoff over layoffs at a plant for US tire maker Goodyear, amid tensions over a slump in Europe's car industry. Another demonstration targeted the headquarters of carmaker PSA Peugeot Citroen, which is laying off thousands of people.
    (AP, 2/12/13)
2013        Feb 12, In Guam a man drove a Toyota Yaris onto a sidewalk striking seven tourists at an upscale shopping area fronting the Outrigger Guam Resort in Tumon Bay. Chad Ryan DeSoto (21) of Tamuning was charged with two counts of murder, 13 counts of attempted murder and 13 counts of aggravated assault. One of the wounded died the next day.
    (AP, 2/12/13)(AP, 2/14/13)
2013        Feb 12, A Milan appeals court convicted two former Italian spy chiefs for their role in the kidnapping of a terror suspect as part of the CIA's extraordinary rendition program. The court sentenced Nicolo Pollari, the former head of Italian military intelligence, to 10 years, and Marco Mancini, a former deputy and head of counterintelligence, to nine. Three other Italian agents also were convicted and handed six-year sentences. All the convictions can be appealed.
    (AP, 2/12/13)
2013        Feb 12, In Libya 4 foreigners were arrested in Benghazi on suspicion of distributing books about Christianity and proselytizing. Spreading Christianity is a crime in Libya. Police said they found 45,000 books in their possession and that another 25,000 have already been distributed.
    (AP, 2/17/13)
2013        Feb 12, North Korea said it tested a “miniaturized" nuclear device in the remote, snowy northeast. China summoned the North's ambassador for a dressing-down. Experts assumed it was nuclear partly from the shape of its seismic signal.
    (AP, 2/12/13)(SFC, 2/12/13, p.A2)
2013        Feb 12, The Kremlin said President Vladimir Putin has submitted a bill that would ban Russian Cabinet members and other senior officials from having foreign bank accounts and owning foreign stock.
    (AP, 2/12/13)
2013        Feb 12, In northern Syria rebels captured the Jarrah military air base in Aleppo province, their second major strategic victory in as many days.
    (AP, 2/12/13)
2013        Feb 12, Thailand marines fending off a militant assault on their base in Narathiwat province killed 16 insurgents in a shootout.
    (AP, 2/13/13)(Econ, 2/16/13, p.44)
2013        Feb 12, In Ukraine a 600-square-meter (6,500-square-foot) section of the roof over the turbine hall at the fourth power block at Chernobyl collapsed due to heavy snowfall. A new giant arch-shaped confinement is currently being constructed over the old sarcophagus. The construction of the new shelter was not affected by the accident.
    (AP, 2/13/13)
2013        Feb 12, Scientists in Zimbabwe said a fresh water crayfish brought from Australia is breeding out of control in the northern Lake Kariba, devouring the food sources of other fish and putting the nation's entire aquatic ecosystem at risk. The red claw crayfish was introduced a decade ago for a fish farming project.
    (AP, 2/12/13)

2014        Feb 12, Pres. Obama signed an executive order raising the minimum wage to $10.10 for federal contractors.
    (SFC, 2/13/14, p.A9)
2014        Feb 12, A US federal judge ordered that Kentucky recognize same-sex marriages that had been legally performed in other states, opening the door for activists to strike down the state’s ban entirely.
    (SFC, 2/13/14, p.A9)
2014        Feb 12, in Kentucky a sinkhole collapsed part of the National Corvette Museum in Bowling Green damaging eight cars.
    (SFC, 2/13/14, p.A7)
2014        Feb 12, It was reported that Comcast has agreed to buy Time Warner Cable Inc. for $45.2 billion in stock or $158.82 per TWC share, which closed at $135.31.
    (SFC, 2/13/14, p.A13)
2014        Feb 12, Sid Caesar (b.1922), former TV comedian, died at his home in Beverly Hills. His “Your Show of Shows" dominated the Saturday viewing habits of millions of Americans from 1950-1954.
    (SFC, 2/13/14, p.A8) 
2014        Feb 12, In Bangladesh a mortar shell exploded accidentally during firing practice at a military training base, killing five military and border guard personnel and injuring 14 others.
    (AP, 2/12/14)
2014        Feb 12, In Brazil some 15,000 landless peasants demanding land reform engaged police in Brasilia. At least 32 people were injured.
    (SSFC, 2/16/14, p.A6)
2014        Feb 12, British police searched a home in the southeastern town of Crawley as part of an investigation into reports that a man named as Abdul Waheed Majid (41) was responsible for a suicide attack in Syria.
    (AFP, 2/13/14)
2014        Feb 12, Britain’s Serious Fraud Office (SFO) arrested Sudhir Choudhri, an Indian-born donor to one of Britain's ruling political parties, and his son as part of an investigation into Rolls-Royce's dealings in Asia.
    (Reuters, 2/14/14)
2014        Feb 12, Flooded communities in Britain faced a fresh battering from storms and high winds as emergency efforts in stricken areas picked up following criticism of a sluggish response.
    (AFP, 2/12/14)
2014        Feb 12, China's Cabinet announced that 10 billion yuan ($1.6 billion) has been set aside this year to reward cities and regions that make significant progress in controlling air pollution, highlighting how the issue has become a priority for the leadership.
    (AP, 2/13/14)
2014        Feb 12, Amnesty International said the exodus of tens of thousands of Muslims from Central African Republic amounts to "ethnic cleansing." French Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian pledged on a visit to CAR to continue disarming both Muslim and Christian fighters. African Union peacekeepers uncovered a mass grave at a military camp in Bangui occupied by the Muslim Seleka rebels.
    (AP, 2/12/14)(Reuters, 2/12/14)
2014        Feb 12, In China a strong and shallow 6.8-magnitude earthquake struck the far western region of Xinjiang, but in a sparsely populated area.
    (AFP, 2/12/14)
2014        Feb 12, CongoDRC Pres. Joseph Kabila, announced an amnesty for former members of the defeated M23 rebel army.
    (AFP, 2/12/14)
2014        Feb 12, A municipal planning committee advanced a plan to build a Jewish seminary in the heart of an Arab neighborhood of east Jerusalem, triggering angry Palestinian accusations that Israel was undermining already troubled Mideast peace efforts.
    (AP, 2/12/14)
2014        Feb 12, Italy's constitutional court struck down a drug law that tripled sentences for selling, cultivating or possessing cannabis and which has been blamed for causing prison overcrowding.
    (Reuters, 2/12/14)
2014        Feb 12, In Kenya 70 men arrested during a raid on a mosque in the port city of Mombasa were formally charged with being members of Somalia's Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab rebels.
    (AFP, 2/12/14)
2014        Feb 12, Lebanon's army arrested Naim Abbas, a senior al Qaeda-linked militant, described by security sources as a "mastermind of car bombs" that targeted Shi'ite areas of the country.
    (Reuters, 2/12/14)
2014        Feb 12, Niger police detained three journalists from the Anfani private radio station as well as a union leader who criticized President Mahamadou Issfouou on air.
    (Reuters, 2/13/14)
2014        Feb 12, Nigeria said it would open a probe into claims of state-sponsored killings dating back to the era of military rule, raising hopes that perpetrators will finally be brought to book.
    (AFP, 2/12/14)0
2014        Feb 12, Russian geologist Yevgeny Vitishko, a leading activist who campaigned against environmental damage caused by preparations for the Winter Olympics, was sentenced to three years in a penal colony. A court in Krasnodar converted a 2012 suspended sentence to a prison term.
    (AFP, 2/12/14)(SFC, 2/13/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 12, South African police fired rubber bullets and stun grenades at supporters of the ruling ANC party who attacked an opposition rally in Johannesburg, amid escalating tensions ahead of a crunch general election.
    (AFP, 2/12/14)
2014        Feb 12, Syrian government forces and fighters from Lebanese ally Hezbollah pounded Syria's strategic border town of Yabroud in apparent preparation for a new offensive to flush out rebels. At least 51 people were reportedly killed in Aleppo, mainly by barrel bombs dropped on eight rebel-held districts from helicopters.
    (Reuters, 2/12/14)(AP, 2/13/14)
2014        Feb 12, UN leader Ban Ki-moon condemned what he said was the use of cluster bombs in the war in South Sudan.
    (AFP, 2/12/14)
2014        Feb 12, In Venezuela 3 people were killed in Caracas as protests against Pres. Maduro turned violent. Armed members of a pro-government vigilante arrived on motorcycles and began shooting at more than 100 anti-Maduro student protesters clashing with security forces.
    (SFC, 2/13/14, p.A2)(Econ, 2/15/14, p.30)

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