Today in History - February 13

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167        Feb 13, Polycarp, a disciple of St. John and bishop of Smyrna, was martyred on the west coast of Asia Minor.
    (HN, 2/13/99)

1113        Feb 13, Pope Paschal II issued a papal bull recognizing the Knights of Malta as independent from bishops or secular authorities. The order traces had establishment an infirmary in Jerusalem that cared for people of all faiths making pilgrimages to the Holy Land.
    (AP, 2/5/13)

1237        Feb 13, Jordanus of Saxon, 2nd father-general of Dominicans, drowned.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1332        Feb 13, Andronicus II Palaeologus, Byzantine emperor (1282-1328), monk, died.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1349        Feb 13, Jews were expelled from Burgsdorf, Switzerland.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1416        Feb 13, A Lithuanian and Polish delegation read their grievances against the Teutonic Knights at the Church Council at Constance.
    (LHC, 2/13/03)

1480        Feb 13, Hieronymus Alexander, [Gir¢lamo Aleandro], Italian diplomat, cardinal, was born.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1542        Feb 13, Catherine Howard (b.c1520), the fifth wife of England's King Henry VIII, was executed for adultery.
    (WUD, 1994, p.689)(AP, 2/13/98)

1545        Feb 13, William of Nassau became prince of Orange.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1566        Feb 13, St. Augustine, Florida, was established. [see Sep 8, 1565]
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1599        Feb 13, Alexander VII, Roman Catholic Pope, was born.
    (HN, 2/13/98)

1601        Feb 13, John Lancaster led the 1st East India Company voyage from London.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1633        Feb 13, Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before the Inquisition.
    (AP, 2/13/98)

1635        Feb 13, The oldest public school in the United States, the Boston Public Latin School, was founded.
    (AP, 2/13/98)

1682        Feb 13, Giovanni Piazzetta, painter, was born.
    (HN, 2/13/98)

1689        Feb 13, The British Parliament adopted the Bill of Rights. It limited the right of a king to govern without the consent of Parliament.
    (MT, Dec. '95, p.16)(ON, 12/10, p.12)

1692        Feb 13, In the Glen Coe highlands of Scotland, 38 members of the MacDonald clan, the smallest of the Clan Donald sects, were murdered by soldiers of the neighboring Campbell clan for not pledging allegiance to William of Orange. Ironically the pledge had been made but not communicated to the clans. The event is remembered as the Massacre of Glencoe.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massacre_of_Glencoe)

1693        Feb 13, The College of William and Mary opened in Virginia.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1741        Feb 13, Andrew Bradford of Pennsylvania published the first American magazine. Titled “The American Magazine, or A Monthly View of the Political State of the British Colonies." Bradford introduced his American Magazine just days before Benjamin Franklin founded his periodical called General Magazine in Philadelphia. Bradford’s survived 3 months while Franklin’s survived for 6 months.
    (HFA, '96, p.24)(HNQ, 9/3/98)(AP, 2/13/01)

1754        Feb 2, Charles Maurice de Tallyrand-Perigord (d.1838), minister of foreign affairs for Napoleon I, was born. He represented France brilliantly at the Congress of Vienna.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1450)(HN, 2/2/99)

1757        Feb 13, John C. Hespe, Dutch journalist, politician, was born.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1766        Feb 13, Thomas Robert Malthus (d.1834), English economist, population expert (Law of Malthus), was born.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.253)(Internet)

1777        Feb 13, The Marquis de Sade was arrested without charge and imprisoned in Vincennes fortress.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1778        Feb 13, Fernando Sor, composer, was born.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1795        Feb 13, The University of North Carolina became the first U.S. state university to admit students with the arrival of Hinton James, who was the only student on campus for two weeks.
    (AP, 2/13/04)

1816        Feb 13-14, Teatro San Carlo in Naples was destroyed by fire.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1826        Feb 13, The American Temperance Society formed in Boston.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1831        Feb 13, John Aaron Rawlins (d.1969), Bvt. Major General (Union Army), was born.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1833        Feb 13, William Whedbee Kirkland (d.1915), Brig Gen (Confederate Army), was born.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1837        Feb 13, There was a riot in NY over the high price of flour.
    (MC, 2/13/02)   

1849        Feb 13, Lord Randolph Churchill, was born. He was an English politician, Winston Churchill's father and member of Parliament.
    (HN, 2/13/99)

1861        Feb 13, Abraham Lincoln was declared president.
    (www.thelincolnlog.org/view/1861/2/13)
1861        Feb 13, In Australia the 4-man Burke party began their 700-mile return to Cooper’s Creek under constant rain.
    (ON, 12/01, p.2)

1862        Feb 13, Four-day Battle of Fort Donelson, Tenn., began. General Grant said, "What determined my attack on Donelson was as much the knowledge I had gained of its commanders in Mexico as anything else."
    (HN, 2/13/98)

1864        Feb 13, Miridian Campaign fighting at Chunky Creek and Wyatt, Mississippi.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1865        Feb 13, The Confederacy approved the recruitment of slaves as soldiers, as long as the approval of their owners was gained.
    (HN, 2/13/98)

1866        Feb 13, Jesse James took part in his 1st bank holdup. At least a dozen former Southern guerrilla soldiers, including Frank James and Cole Younger, held up the Clay County Savings Association in Liberty, Missouri, of $15,000. Jesse James was recovering from wounds suffered as a Confederate guerrilla and probably wasn’t able to help brother Frank and Cole, but the Liberty bank job is considered the James-Younger Gang’s first robbery. Another outlaw legend, Charles “Black Bart" Boles baffled Wells Fargo detectives during an eight year stint of 27 stagecoach robberies.
    (HN, 2/13/98)(HN, 7/18/00)(MC, 2/13/02)

1867        Feb 13, Johann Strauss' "Blue Danube" waltz premiered in Vienna.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1870        Feb 13, Leopold Godowsky, virtuoso pianist, composer, was born in Lithuania.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1873        Feb 13, Feodor Chaliapin, opera singer, was born.
    (HN, 2/13/01)

1883        Feb 13, Richard Wagner (b.1813)), revolutionary German composer (Die Walkure), died in Venice. Composer Leon Stein (d.2002 at 92) later authored "The Racial Thinking of Richard Wagner." In 2007 Jonathan Carr authored “The Wagner Clan," The Saga of Germany's Most Illustrious and Infamous Family.
    (WSJ, 2/4/99, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Wagner)(Econ, 9/8/07, p.85)

1885        Feb 13, Elizabeth Virginia "Bess" Truman, 1st lady (1945-52), was born.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1886        Feb 13, Painter Thomas Eakins resigned from the Philadelphia Academy of Art over controversial use of male nudes in a coed art class.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1887        Feb 13, Alvin York, famed US soldier with 25 kills in WW I, was born.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1888        Feb 13, Georgios Papandreou, Greek prefect of Lesbos, minister, premier, was born.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1891        Feb 13, David Dixon Porter (77), US rear admiral (Union), died.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1892        Feb 13, Grant Wood, painter (American Gothic), was born. Wood studied at the University of Iowa, taught there and made Iowa the focus of his paintings.  His is considered one of America's first 'regionalist' painters. His most famous work 'American Gothic', often spoofed, is a painting of the puritanical farmer and his wife or daughter.
    (HN, 2/13/01)(MC, 2/13/02)

1894        Feb 13, In Brazil peace talks between Pres. Peixoto and navy rebels broke down completely when Admiral Saldanha da Gama led a landing party that stormed a republican fort at Nictheroy on the Guanabara Bay opposite from Rio de Janeiro. The rebels were driven back.
    (ON, 12/06, p.12)

1895        Feb 13, A moving picture projector was patented.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1902        Feb 13, Georges Simenon, novelist, was born in Belgium.
    (HN, 2/13/01)(MC, 2/13/02)

1907        Feb 13, English suffragettes stormed the British Parliament and 60 women were arrested.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1910        Feb 13, William B. Shockley, physicist, co-inventor of the transistor, was born. He won the Nobel Prize in 1956.
    (HN, 2/13/01)(MC, 2/13/02)

1912        Feb 13, The Chinese imperial government acknowledged the new republic.
    (HN, 2/13/98)

1913        Feb 13, Joaquin Miller (b.1837), known as the "poet of the Sierras," died in Oakland, Ca. Miller had sponsored California’s 1st Arbor Day. His work included "Utopia" (1880) and “Life amongst the Modocs: unwritten history" (1873), an autobiographical novel first published in London. Miller was born as Cincinnatus Hiner Miller near Liberty, Indiana. His secret "California Diary" was unearthed 25 years after his death. In 1919 Oakland purchased his property and in 1928 turned it into a park combined with adjacent undeveloped tracts.
    (http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/007936641)(SFEM, 4/2/00, p.48)(SSFC, 1/14/07, p.B3)(SSFC, 6/16/13, DB p.17)

1914        Feb 13, The American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers, known as ASCAP, was founded in New York City.
    (HN, 2/13/98)(AP, 2/13/98)

1916        Feb 13, Vilhelm Hammershoi (b.1864), Danish painter, died. He is most celebrated for his interiors, many of which he painted at his residence in Copenhagen.
    (Econ, 7/5/08, p.94)

1919        Feb 13, Tennessee Ernie Ford, country and gospel singer, was born.
    (HN, 2/13/01)

1920        Feb 13, Eileen Farrell, opera soprano (Interrupted Melody), was born in Willimantic, Conn.
    (MC, 2/13/02)
1920        Feb 13, The League of Nations recognized the perpetual neutrality of Switzerland.
    (AP, 2/13/98)
1920        Feb 13-1920 Feb 14, Andrew “Rube" Foster (1879-1930) formed the 1st black baseball league, the Negro National League, at a meeting at the Colored YMCA, Kansas City, Mo.
    (AH, 2/05, p.17)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rube_Foster)

1923        Feb 13, Charles "Chuck" Yeager, American test pilot, was born. He was the first man to break the sound barrier on October 14, 1947.
    (HN, 2/13/99)

1925        Feb 13, US Congress made a Supreme Court appeal more difficult.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1933        Feb 13, Kim Novak, actress, was born.
    (HN, 2/13/01)

1934        Feb 13, George Segal, actor, banjo player (Carbon Copy, Fun with Dick and Jane), was born.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1935        Feb 13, A jury in Flemington, N.J., found Bruno Richard Hauptmann guilty of first-degree murder in the kidnap-death of the infant son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh. Hauptmann was later executed.
    (AP, 2/13/98)
1935        Feb 13, 1st US surgical operation for relief of angina pectoris took place in Cleveland.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1936        Feb 13, The first US Social Security checks were put in the mail. The Social Security Administration had started assigning numbers this year.
    (www.ssa.gov/history/1930.html)(SFC, 5/6/08, p.D1)
1936        Feb 13, Leon Blum, shortly before becoming Prime Minister, was dragged from a car and almost beaten to death by the Camelots du Roi, a group of anti-Semites and royalists. The right-wing Action Française league was dissolved by the government following this incident, not long before the elections that brought Blum to power.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%A9on_Blum)
1936        Feb 13, San Francisco-based magician Charles Joseph Carter (61), aka “Carter the Great," died of a heart attack while on tour in Bombay, India.
    (SSFC, 2/13/11, DB p.42)

1938        Feb 13, Oliver Reed, actor (Big Sleep), was born in London, England.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1942        Feb 13, Hitler's invasion of England was cancelled.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1943        Feb 13, The Marine Corps began allowing women to enlist as reserves.
    (www.mcleague.com/mdp/modules.php?op=modload&name=News&file=article&sid=63)
1943        Feb 13, There was a German assault on Sidi Bou Zid, Tunisia, as Gen. Eisenhower visited the front.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1944        Feb 13, A Lithuanian Home Army was formed under P. Plechavicius. It was disbanded May 15-21.
    (LHC, 2/13/03)

1945        Feb 13, Allied planes began bombing the German city of Dresden. British bombers in Operation Thunderclap firebombed the city of Dresden, Germany, and 135,000 people were killed. The Royal Air Force Bomber Command attacked the city of Dresden at night with raids by 873 heavy bombers. 796 Lancaster heavy bombers were led by 9 target marking Mosquito light bombers. A look at aerial maps of the city before and after the terror attacks clearly shows the large white oil tanks owned by British-controlled Shell Oil. These tanks remained entirely untouched by the bombardment. In 2003 Frederick Taylor authored “Dresden: Tuesday, February 13, 1945."
    (http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/61/001.html)(WSJ, 10/22/96, p.A20)(SFC, 1/6/97, p.A10)(SFEC, 7/27/97, p.T6)(SFEC, 1/30/00, p.T13)
1945        Feb 13, During World War II the Soviets captured Budapest, Hungary, from the Germans ending a 50-day siege.
    (HN, 2/13/98)(AP, 2/13/98)

1946        Feb 13, Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German director, actor, was born.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1949        Feb 13, A mob burned a radio station in Ecuador after the broadcast of H.G. Wells’ "War of the Worlds."
    (HN, 2/13/98)

1950        Feb 13, A US Air Force B-36 crashed near the coast of northern British Columbia during a simulated nuclear attack on San Francisco. 12 of 17 men on board survived. A Mark 4 bomb, which lacked a plutonium core needed for a nuclear blast, was dropped over the ocean before the plane crashed.
    (SFC, 5/25/12, p.A16)(www.air-and-space.com/b-36%20wrecks.htm#44-92075)
1950        Feb 13, Albania recognized Ho Chi Minh’s Vietnamese government, becoming the sixth Eastern bloc country to do so.
    (HN, 2/13/98)

1951        Feb 13, Mark William Schumacher was born at 3:14 a.m. in Detroit, Mi. He later moved to San Francisco where he drove a cab and hung out at the Café Babar where he became renowned for his bad puns. He moved his punning to Boston after selling 4 refinished old chairs to Carol Rooney for $200. He reserved the right to buy the chairs back at a later time and did so.
    (Alg, 11/8/98)
1951        Feb 13, At the Battle of Chipyong-ni, in Korea, U.N. troops contained the Chinese forces' offensive in a two-day battle.
    (HN, 2/13/99)

1952        Feb 13, Alfred Einstein (71), German-US musicologist, died.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1953        Feb 13, Pope Pius XII asked the U.S. to grant clemency to convicted spies Ethel and Julius Rosenberg.
    (HN, 2/13/98)

1955        Feb 13, Israel acquired 4 of 7 Dead Sea scrolls. Israel already had 3 scrolls, acquired in 1947. The 4 scrolls were purchased from a Christian clergyman, a Syrian Orthodox archbishop. The price, according to the New York Times, was an estimated $300,000.
    (NYT, 2/14/55, p.21)

1958        Feb 13, Georges Rouault (86), French painter (Christ aux outrages), died.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1959         Feb 13, Romulo Betancourt began serving his 2nd term as president of Venezuela and continued to 1964.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R%C3%B3mulo_Betancourt)

1960        Feb 13, Gerboise Bleue ("blue jerboa") was the name of the first French nuclear test. It was an atomic bomb detonated in the middle of the Algerian Sahara desert, during the Algerian War (1954-62).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerboise_Bleue)(AP, 2/13/08)

1968        Feb 13, The US sent 10,500 more combat troops to Vietnam.
    (HN, 2/13/98)

1969        Feb 13, In North Carolina the Afro-American Society students of Duke Univ. led a black student takeover of the Allen Building to spark University action on the concerns of Black students. The takeover brought attention to issues such as establishment of an Afro-American studies program, a black cultural center, and increasing the number of black faculty and students.
    (http://library.duke.edu/digitalcollections/rbmscl/uabsa/inv/)

1970        Feb 13, GM was reportedly redesigning automobiles to run on unleaded fuel.
    (HN, 2/13/98)

1972        Feb 13, "1776" closed at 46th Street Theater in NYC after 1,217 performances. A film version was released in November.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1776_(musical))
1972        Feb 13, Enemy attacks, in Vietnam, declined for the third day as the U.S. continued its intensive bombing strategy.
    (HN, 2/13/98)

1973        Feb 13, Musical "El Grande de Coca-Cola," premiered in NYC. The off-Broadway show closed April 13, 1975
    (www.broadwayworld.com/bwidb/productions/El_Grande_de_Coca-Cola_8236/)

1974        Feb 13, Alexander Solzhenitsyn was exiled from the USSR. He wrote his novel “First Circle" based on experiences in a Moscow prison camp, where he met Lev Kopelev (d.1997 at 85), a dissident author and Communist idealist.  The character Rubin in “First Circle" is based on Kopelev.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1974)(SFC, 6/21/97, p.A18)(MC, 2/13/02)

1976        Feb 13, Lily Pons (b.1898), French, US soprano, opera diva (Met Opera), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lily_Pons)
1976        Feb 13, In Nigeria Gen'l. Muhammad in the ruling junta was killed in a coup attempt and his deputy, Gen'l. Olusegun Obasanjo, was named president.
    (SFC, 2/22/99, p.A10)(SFC, 3/2/99, p.A8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olusegun_Obasanjo)

1980        Feb 13, The opening ceremonies were held in Lake Placid, NY, for the 13th Winter Olympics.
    (AP, 2/13/98)
1980        Feb 13, David Janssen, television and film actor, died in Malibu, California, from a heart attack. He was born as David Harold Meyer on March 27, 1931 in Naponee, Nebraska. He is best known for his starring role as Dr. Richard Kimble in the hit television series “The Fugitive" (1963–1967).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Janssen)

1982        Feb 13, In Guatemala 73 men and women from Rio Negro were ordered by the local military commander to report to Xococ, a village upstream from the reservoir zone which had a history of land conflicts and hostility with Rio Negro. Only one woman out of the 73 villagers returned to Rio Negro, the rest were raped, tortured and then murdered by Xococ's Civil Defense Patrol, or PAC, one of the notorious paramilitary units used by the state as death squads. The Guatemalan army invaded Santa Maria Tzeja and massacred 13 people. Villagers fled their homes following the massacre. In 2004 Beatriz Manz authored "Paradise in Ashes: A Guatemalan Journey of courage, Terror and Hope."
    (http://tinyurl.com/34hubh)(SSFC, 2/14/04, p.M3)(www.rightsaction.org/articles/1095a.htm)

1984        Feb 13, Konstantin Chernenko was chosen to be general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party's Central Committee, succeeding the late Yuri Andropov.
    (HN, 2/13/98)(AP, 2/13/98)

1985        Feb 13, Polish police arrested 7 Solidarity leaders.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Solidarity)

1988        Feb 13, The 15th winter Olympics opened in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
    (AP, 2/13/98)
1988        Feb 13, President Reagan and Mexican President Miguel de la Madrid met in the Mexican resort of Mazatlan.
    (AP, 2/13/98)

1989        Feb 13, The judge in the Iran-Contra trial of Oliver North sent the jury home amid a continuing disagreement between the prosecution and defense over protecting classified materials.
    (AP, 2/13/99)
1989        Feb 13, The racing yacht Thursday’s Child broke the 1851, 89-day record, set by the clipper Flying Cloud, for sailing from NY to San Francisco around South America.
    (SSFC, 9/22/13, p.C1)(http://tinyurl.com/m8bbh4f)

1990        Feb 13, At a conference in Ottawa, the United States and its European allies forged agreement with the Soviet Union and East Germany on a two-stage formula to reunite Germany.
    (AP, 2/13/00)

1991        Feb 13, Arno Breker (90), German sculptor (Third Reich), died in Dusseldorf.
    (www.meaus.com/arno-breker-biography.htm)
1991        Feb 13, Some 334 Iraqi civilians were killed when a pair of laser-guided US bombs destroyed an underground facility in Baghdad identified by US officials as a military installation, but which Iraqi officials said was a bomb shelter.
    (AP, 2/13/01)

1992        Feb 13, Donna Weinbrecht of the United States won the gold medal in women's freestyle skiing moguls at the Olympic games in Albertville, France.
    (AP, 2/13/02)

1993        Feb 13, The government of Bosnia-Herzegovina began blocking the distribution of food in the capital of Sarajevo to protest ineffective international attempts to stop the war.
    (AP, 2/13/98)

1994        Feb 13, At the Winter Olympic Games in Lillehammer, Norway, American Tommy Moe won the men's downhill, defeating local hero Kjetil Andre Aamodt by 0.004 seconds.
    (AP, 2/13/99)

1995        Feb 13, House Speaker Newt Gingrich ruled out running for the 1996 Republican presidential nomination.
    (AP, 2/13/00)   
1995        Feb 13, The Hague War Crimes Tribunal indicted 21 Serbs for atrocities against Croats and Muslims interned in a Bosnian prison camp. Zeljko Meakic, Bosnian Serb police officer, was charged with commanding the Serb Omarska camp in northwest Bosnia. Dusan Tadic, Bosnian Serb cafe owner, was charged for visiting Serb-run camps to beat and kill non-Serb inmates.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC, 11/30/96, p.A15)(AP, 2/13/00)

1996        Feb 13, The rock musical "Rent," by Jonathan Larson, opened off-Broadway and won a Pulitzer prize two months later.
    (WSJ, 5/23/96, p.A-1,7)(AP, Internet, 2/13/98)
1996        Feb 13, In the continuing drama of man versus machine, world chess champion Garry Kasparov asked for a draw in his third game against the IBM supercomputer named “Deep Blue," leaving the six-game match in Philadelphia tied at one and a-half games each.
    (AP, 2/13/01)
1996        Feb 13, Martin Balsam (b.1914), actor, died in Italy. His many films included “A Thousand Clowns" (1965).
    (www.nndb.com/people/111/000063919/)

1997        Feb 13, Discovery's astronauts hauled the Hubble Space Telescope aboard the shuttle for a one billion mile tune up to allow it to peer even deeper into the far reaches of the universe.
    (AP, 2/13/98)
1997        Feb 13, On Wall Street, the Dow Jones industrial average broke through the 7,000 barrier for the first time, ending the day at 7,022.44.
    (AP, 2/13/98)

1998        Feb 13, Dr. David Satcher was sworn in as US surgeon general during an Oval Office ceremony.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
1998        Feb 13, The United Auto Workers reached a tentative contract agreement with Caterpillar Inc.; union members rejected the agreement, which was revised and later ratified, ending a bitter dispute that lasted more than six years.
    (AP, 2/13/99)
1998        Feb 13, The Dow Jones rose to another record high of 8,370.1.
    (SFC, 2/14/98, p.D1)
1998        Feb 13, In Indonesia rioting and looting spread to at least 8 towns.
    (SFC, 2/14/98, p.A8)
1998        Feb 13, In Sierra Leone Freetown fell to Nigerian led forces. Two helicopter gunships with some 50 senior members of the military junta were captured near Monrovia.
    (SFC, 2/14/98, p.A8)

1999        Feb 13, Pres. Clinton announced that he would send some 4,000 troops to Kosovo as part of a NATO peacekeeping force if warring Serbs and ethnic Albanians reached a political settlement.
    (SFEC, 2/14/99, p.A1)(AP, 2/13/00)
1999        Feb 13, A federal judge held American Airlines' pilots' union and two top board members in contempt and promised sizable fines against them, saying the union did not do enough to encourage pilots to return to work after a court order. A federal judge fined the American Airlines pilot's union at least $10 million for ignoring his back-to-work order.
    (AP, 2/13/00)(SFEC, 2/14/99, p.A2)
1999        Feb 13, In Afghanistan the Taliban leadership replaced bin Laden's bodyguards with members of their intelligence service and Foreign Ministry.
    (SFC, 3/4/99, p.A12)

2000        Feb 13, Tiger Woods saw his streak of six consecutive victories come to an end as he fell short to Phil Mickelson in the Buick Invitational.
    (AP, 2/13/01)
2000        Feb 13, Charles Schulz’s final “Peanuts" strip ran in Sunday newspapers, the day after the cartoonist died in his sleep at his California home at age 77. In 2007 David Michaelis authored “Schulz and Peanuts: A Biography."
    (AP, 2/13/01)(Econ, 11/3/07, p.100)
2000        Feb 13, In Kandahar, Afghanistan, a 10-year-old boy executed a man convicted of murdering his father. A man convicted of highway robbery was also ordered to have his right hand and left foot amputated according to Islamic law.
    (SFC, 2/14/00, p.A12)
2000        Feb 13, In Indonesia Pres. Wahid met with security minister Gen. Wiranto and agreed to a legal investigation over Wiranto's role in East Timor bloodshed. Wahid then changed his mind and decided to suspend Wiranto.
    (SFC, 2/14/00, p.A12)
2000        Feb 13, In Iraq top UN official Hans von Sponeck quit in protest that sanctions were undermining humanitarian efforts.
    (SFC, 2/17/00, p.D16)
2000        Feb 13, In Kosovo snipers wounded 2 French peacekeepers who responded by later killing an ethnic Albanian and wounding at least 4 others. Serbs had earlier thrown a grenade into a crowd of ethnic Albanians in Mitrovica.
    (SFC, 2/14/00, p.A12)
2000        Feb 13, In Russia Vladimir Putin signed a decree to re-establish the "special departments" (FSB) to seek out political disloyalty in the military.
    (SFC, 2/17/00, p.D3)
2000        Feb 13, In Yugoslavia the cyanide spill from Romania reached the Danube and weakened to non lethal levels. Life in the Tisa (Tisza) River in Hungary and Serbia was devastated and Serbia threatened to demand compensation at an int'l. court.
    (SFC, 2/14/00, p.A16)

2001        Feb 13, Ivan Lendl was elected to the tennis Hall of Fame along with Mervyn Rose, an Australian star from the 1950's.
    (AP, 2/13/02)
2001        Feb 13, Pres. Bush nominated Gov. Paul Cellucci as ambassador to Canada and cleared the way for Jane Swift to become 1st female governor of Massachusetts.
    (SFC, 2/14/01, p.A7)
2001        Feb 13, US Treasury Sec. Paul O’Neill urged Congress to accelerate plans for an across-the-board tax cut and a doubling of the child credit.
    (SFC, 2/14/01, p.A3)
2001        Feb 13, In Hawaii 2 Army Blackhawk helicopters crashed and 6 soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 2/14/01, p.A6)
2001        Feb 13, About this time Canadian police arrested at least 2 people in the Toronto area in a scheme to distribute $25 billion in counterfeit US bearer bonds.
    (WSJ, 1/2/02, p.R12)
2001        Feb 13, In El Salvador a 6.6 earthquake killed at least 127 people. It was centered between San Vicente and San Salvador. The death toll soon rose to 402 with 2432 injured. It struck one month to the day after another quake killed more than 800 people.
    (SFC, 2/14/01, p.A1)(SFC, 2/15/01, p.A12)(AP, 2/13/02)
2001        Feb 13, Israeli gunships killed Massoud Ayyad (57), a Palestinian security official, with anti-tank missiles fired at his car in Gaza.
    (SFC, 2/14/01, p.A14)
2001        Feb 13, Yulia Tymoshenko, Ukraine’s former Deputy Prime Minister and a principal opponent to Pres. Kuchma, was arrested on charges dating back to 1996 when she was head of United Energy Systems. Ms. Tymoshenko made her fortune in murky gas trades between Russia and the Ukraine in the early 1990s.
    (SFC, 2/14/01, p.A14)(Econ, 10/6/07, p.59)

2002        Feb 13, Pres. Bush welcomed Pres. Musharraf to the White House. Musharraf sought a revival of arms deals and relaxed tariffs on textiles. The Bush administration agreed to $142 million in trade benefits.
    (SFC, 2/14/02, p.A10)(SFC, 2/15/02, p.A14)
2002        Feb 13, The US House of Reps. voted 240-189 to ban unlimited “soft money" donations to national parties as part of the Shays-Meehan campaign finance bill. Individual contributions were raised from 1k to 2k.
    (SFC, 2/14/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/15/02, p.A1)
2002        Feb 13, John Walker Lindh pleaded innocent in federal court in Alexandria, Va., to conspiring to kill Americans and supporting the Taliban and terrorist organizations.
    (AP, 2/13/03)
2002        Feb 13, Britain's Queen Elizabeth II made former New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani an honorary knight.
    (AP, 2/13/03)
2002        Feb 13, In a startling development at the Salt Lake City winter games, the head of the French Olympic team said the French figure skating judge had been pressured to "act in a certain way" before she voted to give the gold medal to the Russians in pairs.
    (AP, 2/13/03)
2002        Feb 13, Waylon Jennings (b.1937), country singer, died in Chandler, Arizona at age 64. His 5-decade career included 60 albums.
    (SFC, 2/14/02, p.A2)
2002        Feb 13, Argentina adopted a 20% tax on energy exports.
    (WSJ, 2/14/02, p.A14)
2002        Feb 13, Israeli troops seized 3 Palestinian towns and a refugee camp in Gaza Strip from where rockets and mortars were fired and at least 5 people were killed. 3 Palestinian police officers were killed in Deir al-Balah where 3 police posts were destroyed.
    (SFC, 2/13/02, p.A9)(WSJ, 2/14/02, p.A15)
2002        Feb 13, The Scottish Parliament outlawed fox hunting with dogs.
    (SFC, 2/14/02, p.A8)
2002        Feb 13, In Pakistan Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh (28), Islamic militant, said he believed WSJ reporter Daniel Pearl was dead. Sheikh said Pearl was shot and killed during a failed escape attempt on Jan 31.
    (SFC, 2/14/02, p.A8)(SFC, 2/15/02, p.A20)
2002        Feb 13, In Venezuela the bolivar fell nearly 19% with the abandonment of exchange controls by Pres. Chavez, who also announced a 7% cut in government spending to help close a projected $8 billion deficit.
    (SFC, 2/14/02, p.B6)
2002        Feb 13, In Yemen Sameer Mohammed Ahmed al-Hada (25), an al Qaeda fugitive, died as troops closed in and a hand grenade exploded in his hand. Family members were also linked to al-Qaeda.
    (WSJ, 2/14/02, p.A1)(SFC, 2/15/02, p.A18)
2002        Feb 13, Morgan Tsvangirai, Zimbabwe opposition leader, was implicated in a plot to overthrow Pres. Mugabe in film footage made by a consulting firm with ties to Mugabe. Tsvangirai said the tape was contrived.
    (SFC, 2/14/02, p.A9)(WSJ, 2/14/02, p.A1)

2003        Feb 13, American Special Forces were reported to be in various parts of Iraq for what seemed to be the initial phases of a ground war.
    (SFC, 2/13/03, p.A14)
2003        Feb 13, Clara Harris, who'd run down her cheating husband with her Mercedes after catching him with his mistress, was convicted by a Houston jury of murder despite her claim that she'd hit him accidentally while in a heartsick daze. She was later sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (AP, 2/13/04)
2003        Feb 13, Smith & Wesson unveiled a new Model 500, .50 caliber Magnum revolver.
    (SFC, 2/14/03, p.A2)
2003        Feb 13, An investigative panel found that superheated air almost certainly seeped through a breach in space shuttle Columbia's left wing and possibly its wheel compartment during the craft's fiery descent, resulting in the deaths of all seven astronauts.
    (AP, 2/13/04)
2003        Feb 13, Prof. Walt W. Rostow (b.1916), adviser to the Kennedy and Johnson administrations, died in Austin, Texas. His over 30 books included "Theorists of Economic Growth from David Hume to the Present, with a Perspective on the Next Century" (1990), and "The Stages of Economic Growth" (3rd ed. 1990). His memoir “Concept and Controversy" (2003) was published posthumously. In 2008 David Milne authored “America’s Rasputin: Walt Rostow and the Vietnam War."
    (SFC, 2/15/03, p.A24)(WSJ, 3/6/08, p.D7)
2003        Feb 13, In southern Colombia a U.S. government plane carrying 5 people crashed short of an airport in rebel territory, and those on board may have been spirited away by leftist rebels. 2 days later an American and a Colombian were executed at close range.
    (AP, 2/13/03)(AP, 2/15/03)

2004        Feb 13, President Bush, trying to calm a political storm, ordered the release of his Vietnam-era military records to counter Democrats' suggestions that he'd shirked his duty in the Texas Air National Guard.
    (AP, 2/13/05)
2004        Feb 13, The FCC began writing rules to enable users to access the Internet through electric power lines.
    (SFC, 2/13/04, p.B1)
2004        Feb 13, San Francisco issued 665 same-sex marriage licenses as hundreds more gay couples rushed to tie the knot before the opportunity slipped away.
    (AP, 2/13/04)
2004        Feb 13, In Qatar Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev (51), Chechnya's exiled former president, was assassinated when a bomb blew apart his car as he left a mosque with his teenage son (13). He was wanted by Russia for terrorism and ties to al-Qaida.
    (AP, 2/13/04)
2004        Feb 13, Greek and Turkish Cypriot leaders agreed to resume full negotiations next week to end the 30-year division of Cyprus before it joins the European Union on May 1.
    (AP, 2/13/04)
2004        Feb 13, In Jamaica hundreds of people rioted in Kingston, attacking a police station and setting cars ablaze after a policeman allegedly shot and wounded a high-school student.
    (AP, 2/13/04)
2004        Feb 13, A Cambodian-flagged vessel that sank near the entrance of the Bosporus. A snowstorm sweeping out of the Balkans disrupted travel across Turkey and Greece, forcing rescuers to call off the search for the 20 crew members of the cargo ship.
    (AP, 2/13/04)
2004        Feb 13, It was reported that police in Mauritania had arrested of five suspected members of Afghanistan's Taliban movement.
    (AP, 2/13/04)

2005        Feb 13, Ray Charles' final album, "Genius Loves Company," won a leading eight Grammy awards, including album of the year, record of the year for "Here We Go Again" with Norah Jones, and pop vocal album.
    (AP, 2/14/05)
2005        Feb 13, The AFC won the Pro Bowl, defeating the NFC 38-27.
    (AP, 2/13/06)
2005        Feb 13, Iran rejected a European demand to stop building a heavy water nuclear reactor in return for a light-water reactor.
    (AP, 2/13/05)
2005        Feb 13, Results from Iraq's elections were released and showed that majority Shiite Muslims won 48% of the votes, giving the long-oppressed group significant power but not enough to form a government on its own.
    (AP, 2/13/05)(SFC, 2/15/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 13, Insurgents attacked a US convoy and a government building near the northern Iraqi city of Mosul, leaving at least four people dead. Two Iraqi National Guard troops were also killed while trying to defuse a roadside bomb. Gunmen ambushed a car carrying an Iraqi general in a Shiite neighborhood of Baghdad, killing him and two companions.
    (AP, 2/13/05)
2005        Feb 13, Israel's Cabinet approved a list of names of 500 Palestinian prisoners to be released in coming days, and several hundred Palestinian workers returned to jobs in Israel in line with agreements reached at a Mideast summit last week.
    (AP, 2/13/05)
2005        Feb 13, In Indian Kashmir at least 35 people were wounded when suspected separatist guerrillas threw a grenade on a crowded road.
    (AP, 2/13/05)
2005        Feb 13, Pakistani officials said severe flooding and avalanches have killed around 350 people after a week of torrential rain and heavy snow, while 2,000 others were missing and tens of thousands left homeless.
    (AP, 2/13/05)
2005        Feb 13, Firefighters shot jets of water on the 32-story Windsor building, one of Madrid’s tallest office buildings, for a 2nd day, fighting to control a fiery orange blaze that began the night before and threatened to collapse the 32-story skyscraper.
    (AP, 2/13/05)
2005        Feb 13, Floods and landslides in Colombia and Venezuela over the past few days cut a trail of destruction through small Andean towns and killed at least 64 people.
    (AP, 2/13/05)(WSJ, 2/14/05, p.A1)

2006        Feb 13, US government investigators told the Senate that FEMA has let nearly 11,000 unused manufactured homes deteriorate on old runways and open fields in Arkansas, and spent $416,000 per person to house a few hundred Hurricane Katrina evacuees for a short time in Alabama last fall. Auditors reported that millions of dollars in disaster aid had been squandered, paying for such items as a $450 tattoo and $375-a-day beachfront condos.
    (USAT, 2/14/06)(AP, 2/13/07)
2006        Feb 13, Joey Cheek (26), American speedskater, won a gold medal in the 500-meter sprint in Turin, Italy, and announced that he would donate his $25,000 award from the US Olympic Committee Olympic Aid, founded by Olav Koss in 1994 and direct it to a refugee program in Chad. Hannah Teter won gold and Gretchen Bleiler won silver in the halfpipe. Tatiana Totmianina and Maxim Marinin won the gold medal in pairs figure skating, extending Russia's four-decade dominance of the event.
    (SFC, 2/14/06, p.A1)(AP, 2/13/07)
2006        Feb 13, A bomb hit a US military vehicle in central Afghanistan, killing four American troops.
    (AP, 2/13/06)
2006        Feb 13, President Evo Morales appealed to the Bush administration to extradite a former President Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada, who fled to the US amid an uprising that left about 60 people dead after a military crackdown on demonstrators.
    (AP, 2/13/06)
2006        Feb 13, Brazil’s President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva created two new national parks in the Amazon rain forest and expanded another to protect an environmentally sensitive region where the government plans a major highway project.
    (AP, 2/14/06)
2006        Feb 13, British Foreign Secretary Jack Straw and his Moroccan counterpart, Mohamed Benaissa, agreed to boost economic ties between the two countries and hold an annual business forum to this end.
    (AFP, 2/13/06)
2006        Feb 13, Testimony presented in an annual UN human rights report said Colombian security forces had killed civilians and covered it up by dressing the bodies as Marxist guerrillas.
    (Reuters, 2/13/06)
2006        Feb 13, The UN launched a $680 million aid plan for the Democratic Republic of Congo, complaining the world remained ignorant of what it called the worst humanitarian crisis since World War Two.
    (Reuters, 2/13/06)
2006        Feb 13, DP World, a ports operator owned by the government of Dubai (UAR), paid $6.8 billion to acquire P&O, a British firm which runs a global network of maritime terminals including 6 American ports.
    (Econ, 2/25/06, p.33)
2006        Feb 13, Ilan Halimi (23), a young Jewish man, died in a Paris suburb after being kidnapped on Jan 21 and tortured for 24 days. The trial of a self-proclaimed "gang of barbarians" accused of killing him went on trial in 2009. Among the 27 defendants was the girl who is alleged to have been used as bait to capture Halimi and young men accused of taking part in the abduction and guarding the captive. Youssouf Fofana, the leader of the "barbarians," fled to the Ivory Coast but was extradited to France on March 4, 2006. On July 10, 2009, a Paris court convicted Fofana (28) for the kidnapping, torture and murder Halimi and sentenced him to life in prison. 24 others, including 8 women, also were found guilty in the kidnapping, torture and murder of Ilan Halimi. On Dec 17, 2010, an appeals court upheld the convictions of 16 people for their roles in Halimi’s murder.
    (AP, 4/29/09)(AP, 7/11/09)(SFC, 12/18/10, p.A2)
2006        Feb 13, In Germany some 22,000 public workers in 8 of 16 federal states stopped work to protest an expanded workweek with no increase in pay.
    (WSJ, 2/13/06, p.A7)
2006        Feb 13, In Haiti election results showed the former president Preval slipping further below the 50 percent needed to avoid a runoff.
    (AP, 2/13/06)
2006        Feb 13, In Indonesia 2 Australians were sentenced to death for trying to smuggle 18.3 pounds of heroin in 2005 from the Indonesian resort island of Bali to their homeland. In February, 2015, Myuran Sukumaran (33) and Andrew Chan (31) faced immediate execution.
    (AP, 2/14/06)(SFC, 2/15/15, p.A6)(SSFC, 2/15/15, p.A6)
2006        Feb 13, Diplomats said Iran has started small-scale enrichment of uranium, a process that can produce fuel for nuclear reactors or bombs. Talks with Moscow on moving Iranian enrichment to Russia as a way ensuring Iran has no direct control were put on indefinite hold.
    (AP, 2/13/06)
2006        Feb 13, In Baghdad a suicide bomber detonated an explosive belt in a line of Iraqis waiting to receive government payments, killing 8 people and wounding about 30, including children. 11 other people were killed in attacks elsewhere in the country, including five members of a Shiite religious party and four policemen, among them a colonel.
    (AP, 2/13/06)
2006        Feb 13, In Monterrey, Mexico, 2 police chiefs, Hector Ayala and Javier Garcia, were shot and killed within hours of each other in a violence-plagued region near the US where drug smugglers have been battling for control of key routes across the border.
    (AP, 2/14/06)
2006        Feb 13, In Nepal a controversial anti-corruption body set up by Nepal's King Gyanendra was dissolved, paving the way for the release of jailed ousted PM Sher Bahadur Deuba.
    (AFP, 2/13/06)
2006        Feb 13, A transit strike in Managua, Nicaragua, entered a 2nd week, as workers demanded that the government subsidize their fuel and gas prices.
    (SFC, 2/14/06, p.A5)
2006        Feb 13, In northwestern Pakistan police fired tear gas and wielded batons to stop about 7,000 students protesting cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad from marching on the governor's residence.
    (AP, 2/13/06)
2006        Feb 13, In Lahore gunmen on a motorcycle killed Ahmad Javed Khawaja (72), a Pakistani doctor who spent six months in jail on suspicions of harboring al-Qaida suspects and possessing illegal weapons.
    (AP, 2/13/06)
2006        Feb 13, The outgoing Palestinian parliament passed legislation giving Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas the power to appoint a court that could veto legislation passed by the new Hamas-led parliament to be sworn in this week.
    (AP, 2/13/06)
2006        Feb 13, In North Ossetia 6 women whose relatives were victims of the 2004 Beslan school hostage seizure were on hunger strike for a fifth day, protesting what they say are efforts by authorities to prematurely end the trial of the only alleged remaining attacker.
    (AP, 2/13/06)
2006        Feb 13, In Spain survivors and relatives of people killed in terrorist attacks worldwide gathered to share stories of their common tragedy, discuss ways to fight the scourge and hear what governments plan to do to make their citizens safer.
    (AP, 2/13/06)
2006        Feb 13, In Turkey a bomb exploded at an Istanbul supermarket during the afternoon rush, injuring 15 people. A Kurdish news agency reported that a Kurdish militant group claimed responsibility for the attack.
    (AP, 2/13/06)

2007        Feb 13, With Democrats in control, House members debated Iraq in an emotional and historic faceoff over a war that Speaker Nancy Pelosi condemned as a commitment with "no end in sight."
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2007        Feb 13, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said the US plans to cancel $391 million in outstanding debt owed by Liberia, and she urged others to help the struggling West African nation.
    (AP, 2/13/07)
2007        Feb 13, The US Commerce Department reported that the gap between what America sells abroad and what it imports rose to a record $763.6 billion last year, a 6.5% increase from the previous record of $716.7 billion set in 2005.
    (AP, 2/13/07)
2007        Feb 13, Brent Wilkes, a former CIA official, was indicted on corruption charges related to ex-Congressman Randy Cunningham and defense contractors.
    (SFC, 2/14/07, p.A3)
2007        Feb 13, David Passaro, a former CIA contract employee, was sentenced to 8 ½ years in prison for beating Afghan detainee Abdul Wali in July, 2003. Wali died 48 hours after interrogation.
    (SFC, 2/14/07, p.A3)
2007        Feb 13, Mitt Romney, former one-term Republican governor of Massachusetts, officially entered the 2008 presidential race. In what amounted to a made-for-TV coming-out tour, Romney announced his candidacy in Michigan, the place of his birth. His father George Romney, a Michigan governor in the 1960s and an AMC chief executive, made a short-lived attempt at the presidency four decades ago.
    (AP, 2/13/07)
2007        Feb 13, A powerful storm and likely a tornado hit the New Orleans area killing an elderly woman, injuring at least 15 other people.
    (AP, 2/13/07)
2007        Feb 13, In Richmond, Ca., Luz Maria Aguilar-Bucio (32), mother of 3, was killed with her fetus at home by shots from a high-powered assault rifle. In December Robert Valentino Hernandez III (19) and Robert Joe Leyva (22) were charged with her murder.
    (SFC, 12/19/07, p.B3)
2007        Feb 13, Charles Norwood (b.1941), tobacco-chewing conservative Georgia congressman, died of cancer and lung disease.
    (SFC, 2/14/07, p.B9)
2007        Feb 13, In Algeria 7 bombs went off almost simultaneously, killing six people east of the capital Algiers in an elaborate assault by suspected Islamist rebels. The Salafist group Call and Command claimed responsibility under its new name: al Qaeda in Islamic North Africa.
    (Reuters, 2/13/07)(SFC, 2/14/07, p.A3)
2007        Feb 13, A Belgian court ruled that Google may not reproduce extracts from a variety of Belgian newspapers, imperiling one of the web search leader's most popular services if other courts follow suit.
    (Reuters, 2/13/07)
2007        Feb 13, In Belgium a government-backed report blamed Belgian authorities and the ruling elite for collaborating with the Nazi persecution of Jews during World War II.
    (AP, 2/13/07)
2007        Feb 13, In Brazil 2 students, who endured more than 60 hours without food and water, were rescued after being robbed and thrown into an abandoned well. Police entered a Rio slum and clashed with drug gangs in shootouts that killed six people, including at least four suspected gang members.
    (AP, 2/14/07)
2007        Feb 13, In Canada D-Wave Systems, based in Burnaby near Vancouver, announced the existence of the world’s first practical quantum computer.
    (Econ, 2/17/07, p.81)
2007        Feb 13, Police and troops in Bangui, CAR, used live ammunition to disperse residents angered at the killing of two of their number by officers of the anti-banditry squad.
    (AP, 2/14/07)
2007        Feb 13, Gan Yisheng, a senior party discipline and oversight official, said nearly 100,000 members of China's ruling Communist Party were punished last year for corruption, and that eradicating graft in the near future remains a huge challenge. A Chinese business executive was sentenced to death for swindling $385 million from investors in a bogus ant-breeding scheme. Wang Zhendong, chairman of Yingkou Donghua Trading Group Co., had promised returns of up to 60% for buying kits of ants and breeding equipment.
    (AFP, 2/13/07)(AP, 2/15/07)
2007        Feb 13, In south-east Congo a freight train derailed and at least 20 people were killed.
    (AFP, 2/14/07)
2007        Feb 13, Ecuador's Congress approved holding a referendum on whether to create an assembly to rewrite the constitution, bowing to demands by the new leftist president who is seeking to weaken traditional political parties.
    (AP, 2/13/07)
2007        Feb 13, In Ethiopia federal police said weekend clashes between Garbo and Borena nomads in the southeastern Oromia region with least 16 people killed. The clashes erupted after cattle were stolen from a rival group, sparking fresh revenge attacks.
    (AFP, 2/13/07)
2007        Feb 13, In Guinea citizens were banned from leaving their homes as a strict curfew took effect in this West African country after the president instituted martial law following days of deadly protests.
    (AP, 2/13/07)
2007        Feb 13, India's central bank tightened monetary policy for a second time in two weeks to fight accelerating inflation, hiking the amount of cash commercial banks must keep on deposit. Inflation at 6.73% hit a 2-year high, despite 5 interest rate hikes in the past year. Italian PM Romano Prodi led a jumbo-sized trade delegation to India and called for closer ties for companies from his country with Indian industry in farming and manufacturing.
    (AP, 2/13/07)(AFP, 2/13/07)(WSJ, 2/17/07, p.B1)
2007        Feb 13, A suicide truck bomber blew himself up near a college and a ration office in a mainly Shiite area of the capital, killing at least 15 people with 27 wounded. Police discovered a booby-trapped ambulance about 500 yards away, but the explosives were defused. Hours later, a parked car bomb exploded near a bakery in another predominantly Shiite area in southeastern Baghdad, killing four people and wounding four. Iraq said it will close its borders with Syria and Iran for 72 hours as part of the drive to secure and pacify Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/13/07)
2007        Feb 13, Officials in the Ivory Coast said that Trafigura, a Dutch-based oil trading company, agreed to pay $197 million to secure the release of three executives from an Ivory Coast prison and settle claims that it dumped toxic waste that killed at least 10 people in the West African nation.
    (AP, 2/14/07)
2007        Feb 13, Japan opened an international whaling conference by blasting a boycott by dozens of anti-whaling nations, saying their absence would block much-needed reforms of the commission that sets regulations.
    (AP, 2/13/07)
2007        Feb 13, Jordan's King Abdullah II and Russian President Vladimir Putin called for a stronger international push for lasting Mideast peace and urged for a diplomatic solution to Iran's nuclear standoff.
    (AP, 2/13/07)
2007        Feb 13, In Lebanon bombs packed with metal pellets tore through two commuter buses in a mainly Christian area, a day before the second anniversary of former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri's assassination. At least 3 people were killed and 20 wounded in the coordinated attack.
    (AP, 2/13/07)
2007        Feb 13, In Nigeria gunmen released 24 Filipino sailors taken hostage in the lawless southern oil-producing region.
    (AP, 2/13/07)
2007        Feb 13, North Korea agreed to shut down its main nuclear reactor and eventually dismantle its atomic weapons program in exchange for millions of dollars in aid. The agreement reached in Beijing said North Korea would close its nuclear plants within 60 days in return for aid and other inducements. North Korean state media said the pact required only a temporary suspension of the country's nuclear facilities.
    (AP, 2/13/07)(Econ, 2/17/07, p.28)
2007        Feb 13, Pakistan's ruling party introduced a bill to outlaw forced marriages, including under an ancient tribal custom in which women are married off in order to settle feuds.
    (AP, 2/13/07)
2007        Jun 13, Fierce battles over key security positions spread to central Gaza, with Hamas fighters wresting control of the coastal strip's main north-south road, and putting themselves in position to cut off reinforcements to beleaguered Fatah forces. At least 20 Palestinians died across Gaza.
    (AP, 6/13/07)(SFC, 6/14/07, p.A3)
2007        Feb 13, In Geneva the US clashed with China and Russia during a disarmament debate over how to prevent an arms race in outer space, and Washington criticized Beijing for its recent test of an anti-satellite missile. Russia and China, in turn, condemned the "one state" that refuses to consider a treaty banning space weapons, a reference to the US.
    (AP, 2/13/07)
2007        Feb 13, Military officials said clashes between the Yemeni army and followers of a Shiite rebel leader have killed 16 troops and 69 guerrillas during the past three days.
    (AP, 2/13/07)

2008        Feb 13, President Bush signed legislation to rush rebates ranging from $300 to $1,200 to millions of people, the centerpiece of government efforts to brace the wobbly economy. First, though, you must file your 2007 tax return.
    (AP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 13, A prosecutor in Buffalo, NY, announced that a woman, who spent 13 years in prison after being convicted of strangling her 13-year-old daughter, was exonerated by forensic evidence showing she died of a cocaine overdose. Lynn DeJac (44) insisted that a former boyfriend was responsible.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 13, NY Gov. Eliot Spitzer hired a prostitute in Washington, DC, and paid her $4,300. News of this broke on March 10, when he apologized to his family and the public.
    (WSJ, 3/11/08, p.A1)
2008        Feb 13, In Afghanistan an Italian soldier was killed in an ambush while he was distributing food and clothes to civilians. A roadside bomb struck Afghan security forces killing 3 people and wounding four in the Musa Qala district. In western Afghanistan Taliban militants freed the last six hostages from a group of 21 men abducted Feb 10, while they hunted for rare birds in Farah province. US-led coalition swoops on Taliban leaders in Uruzgan and Zabul provinces left several insurgents dead. 2 civilians transporting construction materials were blown up by a rebel bomb.
    (AP, 2/13/08)(AFP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 13, Australians watched a live broadcast of their government apologizing for policies that degraded its indigenous people. PM Rudd said Australians had reached a time in their history when they must face up to their past to be able to cope with the future. Aborigines numbered about 450,000 in Australia's population of 21 million.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 13, The WTO condemned China for the first time for taxing imports of auto parts at the same rate as foreign-made finished cars.
    (SFC, 2/14/08, p.C3)
2008        Feb 13, In Colombia a delegation of visiting US union leaders expressed alarm at what its members called a steady erosion of labor rights in the world's deadliest country for organized labor.
    (AP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 13, The EU's top justice official called for a massive shake-up of the bloc's border security, recommending that all visitors be screened and fingerprinted and a satellite surveillance system be set up to keep illegal migrants out.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 13, In Greece thousands of demonstrators marched through Athens and Thessaloniki to protest government social security reforms as a Greek general strike shut down schools, hospitals and all public services.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 13, Iraq's parliament passed three key pieces of legislation that set a date for provincial elections, allot $48 billion for 2008 spending, and provide limited amnesty to detainees in Iraqi custody. Following the session the parliament began a five-week holiday.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 13, In Italy police raided sites in Calabria and issued arrest warrants for 57 people, including politicians, bankers and businessmen, in the latest mafia sweep targeting drug trafficking and extortion rackets.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 13, Kenya's rival parties sequestered themselves at a luxury lodge in a game park as they attempted to hammer out a peace deal to end weeks of bloodshed.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 13, Malaysia’s government dissolved Parliament, opening the way for elections.
    (WSJ, 2/14/08, p.A1)
2008        Feb 13, In Nepal a shortage of fuel prompted by strikes and protests in the south forced the shutdown of much of the capital's public transportation system.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 13, In Nigeria at least seven people were killed and several more were trapped when a four-storey building collapsed in Lagos.
    (AFP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 13, In Pakistan a roadside bomb exploded as a crowd was leaving a political rally in the Swat Valley, killing one man and wounding a candidate for next week's elections.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 13, Vuk Obradovic (61), a former Yugoslav army general who was one of the opposition leaders who toppled strongman Slobodan Milosevic, died.
    (AP, 2/13/08)
2008        Feb 13, Zimbabwean opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai urged South African President Thabo Mbeki to show some "courage" and pressure Robert Mugabe ahead of next month's elections. Former finance minister Simba Makoni pledged to heal the wounds of Zimbabwe as he unveiled his manifesto for next month's election battle against veteran President Robert Mugabe.
    (AFP, 2/13/08)

2009        Feb 13, US Congress approved a $787 billion stimulus package. The House vote was 246-183, with all Republicans opposed to the package. The Senate approved the measure 60-38 with three GOP moderates providing crucial support. It contained provisions recognizing and compensating some 18,000 Filipino veterans who fought under the American flag when the Philippines was still an American colony.
    (AP, 2/14/09)(AFP, 2/16/09)
2009        Feb 13, The Lynchburg, Va.-based Peanut Corp. of America, at the heart of a national salmonella outbreak, filed for Chapter 7 bankruptcy in US Bankruptcy Court.
    (AP, 2/14/09)
2009        Feb 13, US envoy Richard Holbrooke held key talks in Afghanistan aimed at stepping up the fight against a Taliban-led insurgency that the top US intelligence chief warned was escalating.
    (AP, 2/13/09)
2009        Feb 13, In Southern California Amber Dubois (14) disappeared while on her way to Escondido high school. Her body was found on March 6, 2010, on the Pala Indian Reservation. On May 15, 2010 John Albert Gardner was sentenced to life in prison for attacks on Chelsea King (17) and Amber Dubois (14).
    (SFC, 3/8/10, p.C3)(SFC, 5/18/10, p.A4)
2009        Feb 13, Australian authorities charged a man with lighting one of the wildfires that killed at least 189 people, and whisked him into protective custody to guard him from public fury. Brendan Sokaluk (39), faced two charges related to one of the February 7 fires that killed 11 people in Victoria's Gippsland region, east of Melbourne.
    (AP, 2/13/09)(AP, 2/16/09)
2009        Feb 13, Lloyds Banking Group (LBG), already 43% owned by the British government announced a £10billion loss at HBOS, which it had taken over last September.
    (Econ, 2/21/09, p.56)
2009        Feb 13, State media reported that China plans to create a blacklist of journalists who break its reporting rules, adding to an array of controls used to restrict its domestic media.
    (AP, 2/13/09)
2009        Feb 13, The World Bank said it will provide a $710 million loan to China to help rebuild areas hit by last year's devastating Sichuan earthquake.
    (AP, 2/13/09)
2009        Feb 13, A Congolese military spokesman said more than 40 members of a Hutu militia suspected of atrocities during Rwanda's 1994 genocide were killed in an overnight air raid.
    (AP, 2/13/09)
2009        Feb 13, In Germany Ahmad Obeidi (24), and Afghan immigrant, was convicted of murdering his 16-year-old sister in a so-called "honor killing."
    (AP, 2/13/09)
2009        Feb 13, In eastern India at least 15 people were killed and more than 160 injured when a train derailed in Orissa state near Jajpur.
    (AP, 2/14/09)
2009        Feb 13, In Iraq a female suicide bomber attacked a tent filled with women and children resting from a pilgrimage to Karbala, killing 40 people and injuring 60 others. It was the deadliest attack in Iraq this year and the third straight day of bombings against Shiite pilgrims.
    (AP, 2/13/09)
2009        Feb 13, In Mexico photographer Jean Paul Ibarra (33) and reporter Yenny Marchan were on their way to the morgue in the southern city of Iguala when gunmen on another motorcycle came alongside and opened fire. Marchan received two bullet wounds but survived; Ibarra was killed.
    (AP, 2/17/09)
2009        Feb 13, Myanmar's military government extended the house arrest of the deputy leader of Aung San Suu Kyi's pro-democracy party for one year, despite recent calls from the United Nations for the release of political prisoners.
    (AP, 2/13/09)
2009        Feb 13, Oil giant Royal Dutch Shell said it has declared force majeure on shipments from its main Nigerian terminal because of increased attacks by insurgents on key facilities. Force Majeure (French for "superior force") is a common clause in contracts which essentially frees both parties from liability or obligation when an extraordinary event or circumstance beyond the control of the parties.
    (AP, 2/13/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Force_majeure)
2009        Feb 13, Two rockets fired by Gaza militants hit near a communal farm and the town of Sderot. An Israeli airstrike on Gaza killed one man and critically wounded another. The men were riding a motorcycle near the town of Khan Younis when they were hit by fire from an Israeli drone.
    (AP, 2/13/09)
2009        Feb 13, In the southern Philippines 9 gunmen snatched a Sri Lankan peace activist from his home, the latest in a wave of kidnappings blamed on al-Qaida-linked militants.
    (AP, 2/13/09)
2009        Feb 13, In Sri Lanka the top health official said artillery shelling and gunbattles between government forces and Tamil Tiger rebels were killing about 40 civilians every day and wounding more than 100 others inside Sri Lanka's war zone.
    (AP, 2/13/09)
2009        Feb 13, Turks and Caicos Islands jet-setting PM Michael Misick said he will step down as leader the at the end of March, citing a lack of support for his scandal-plagued government. Premier Misick reportedly paid himself more than Britain’s Gordon Brown for running the territory of 36,000 people.
    (AP, 2/14/09)(Econ, 2/21/09, p.42)
2009        Feb 13, In Zimbabwe Roy Bennett, a white farmer turned politician with Tsvangirai's Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), was arrested by state agents just as the new cabinet was preparing to take office. Tsvangirai had named Bennett to become the deputy minister of agriculture in the new coalition cabinet.
    (AFP, 2/13/09)

2010        Feb 13, In California, South African Chris Bertish won the $50,000 first prize at the 7th Mavericks Surf Contest north of Half Moon Bay. Earlier in the day a series of waves crashed into some of the thousands of fans who had flocked to a beach to try to see the action.
    (SSFC, 2/14/10, p.A1)
2010        Feb 13, In Alaska an avalanche near Seward buried Jim Bowles, head of Conoco Phillips Alaska and Alan Gage, part of the company’s capital projects team. They were among a party of 12 snowmobilers.
    (SFC, 2/15/10, p.A6)
2010        Feb 13, Thousands Afghan soldiers and US Marines stormed the Taliban stronghold of Marjah by air and ground, meeting only scattered resistance but facing a daunting thicket of bombs and booby traps that slowed their advance. NATO reported two troop casualties, an American and a Briton, on the first day of the offensive, called "Moshtarak," or "Together."
    (AP, 2/13/10)(AP, 2/14/10)
2010        Feb 13, In Canada on the opening day of Olympic competition Vancouver police in riot gear confronted more than 200 masked protesters who hurled newspaper boxes through display windows of a popular department store selling Olympic souvenirs. Guillame Joseph-Marc Beaulieu (27) led a group of about 100 black-masked anarchists who spray-painted vehicles and smashed storefront windows as they marched. On Feb 16 police reported his arrest. Beaulieu, charged with mischief, had also led a group that blocked a street and forced organizers to re-route a relay transporting the Olympic flame to the opening ceremonies.
    (AP, 2/13/10)(Reuters, 2/16/10)
2010        Feb 13, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao warned his people to keep a "sober mind" about the challenges ahead in the new year as the country welcomed the arrival of the Year of the Tiger with noisy celebrations. Feb 14 officially marked the first day of the Lunar new Year.
    (Reuters, 2/13/10)
2010        Feb 13, French transport and utility group Veolia was given the green light to run passenger trains in France in competition with national rail operator SNCF.
    (AFP, 2/13/10)
2010        Feb 13, In India a terror attack took place at the German Bakery restaurant in the western city of Pune. The death toll reached 17 people with some 60 others injured. A group called Lashkar-e-Taiba al-Almi claimed responsibility in response to India's "refusal" to discuss the disputed region of Kashmir. A terror cell responsible for the attack was broken up in 2011.
    (AFP, 2/13/10)(AFP, 2/20/10)(AP, 11/30/11)
2010        Feb 13, Fourteen Indian border guards were suspended for suspected involvement in the Feb 5 shooting death of Zahid Farooq Shah (17) in the Indian-ruled portion of Kashmir.
    (AP, 2/13/10)
2010        Feb 13, In Indonesia contestants took part in the Social Cultural Transvestite Queen beauty pageant in Banda Aceh, Aceh province. The transvestite beauty pageant was held for the first time in the country's only province that officially adopted Islamic sharia law.
    (AP, 2/14/10)
2010        Feb 13, In Iraq about 10 rockets struck Camp Sparrowhawk near Amarah early in the morning, injuring two Iraqi soldiers and damaging equipment.
    (AP, 2/13/10)
2010        Feb 13, Italian police said they have confiscated 500,000 tons of counterfeit goods discovered in eight industrial hangars on the outskirts of Rome. Once labeled with Italian brands, They would have brought in several million euros for the counterfeiters. The goods were suspected of being imported from China.
    (AFP, 2/13/10)
2010        Feb 13, In Italy an Egyptian youth, Hamed Mahmoud Abdel Aziz Essayyed Abdou, was stabbed to death in Milan in a killing blamed on Peruvian and Ecuadorian youths. 36 Egyptians and one Ivorian national were detained following a rampage by around 100 North Africans.
    (AFP, 2/14/10)
2010        Feb 13, Ivory Coast's opposition declared it would no longer recognize Laurent Gbagbo as president, a move likely to complicate his efforts to form a new government.
    (AP, 2/13/10)
2010        Feb 13, In Mexico hundreds of people marched against the drug gang violence besieging the border city of Ciudad Juarez, gathering at a bridge where they simulated the massacre of a group of teenagers last month. Police, meanwhile, found the bullet-ridden bodies of five men, missing since Feb 6, in a town in the southwestern corner of Chihuahua state. A decapitated body was found dumped beside the highway leading into Acapulco.
    (AP, 2/13/10)
2010        Feb 13, In Myanmar Tin Oo (82), the deputy leader of the pro-democracy party, was released by the military regime after almost seven years in detention and said he hoped the party's leader Aung San Suu Kyi would also soon gain freedom.
    (AP, 2/13/10)
2010        Feb 13, In Nigeria at least 20 bus passengers were killed in Port Harcourt when a cable fell onto the bus and electrocuted the people inside.
    (AP, 2/13/10)

2011        Feb 13, The annual Grammy Awards were presented in Los Angeles. The band “Lady Antebellum" won 5 trophies including Album of the Year and Song of the Year (Need You Now).
    (SFC, 2/14/11, p.D1)
2011        Feb 13, In Brockton, Massachusetts, the bodies of Maria Palaguachi-Cela (25) and her 2-year-old son, Brian Caguana, were found stuffed into a dumpster. They had been bludgeoned to death. Suspect Luis Guaman (42) soon fled to Ecuador. On April 30, 2012, Guaman was convicted in Ecuador of premeditated murder and faced 16-25 years in prison. On May 8, 2012 he was sentenced to 25 years in prison and fined $10,000.
    (http://tinyurl.com/6n7clej)(AP, 4/30/12)(AP, 5/8/12)
2011        Feb 13, Algerian opposition groups said they would follow up yesterday’s protest by calling a demonstration in the capital every Saturday until the government is changed.
    (Reuters, 2/13/11)
2011        Feb 13, Bahrain's security forces set up checkpoints and fanned out on patrols as opposition groups blanketed social media sites with calls to stage the first major anti-government protests in the Gulf since the uprising in Egypt.
    (AP, 2/13/11)
2011        Feb 13, In Bangladeshi hundreds of small investors, angry at a new plunge in share prices, set fire to tires and pelted police with bricks outside the stock exchange and demanded the resignation of the finance minister.
    (AP, 2/13/11)
2011        Feb 13, Colombian rebels released a fourth captive, police patrolman Carlos Ocampo (340) held since December, but a planned handover of two others did not occur. The government said police Maj. Guillermo Solorzano (35), who was captured in June 2007, and army Cpl. 1st Class Salin Antonio San Miguel Valderrana (27), captive since May 2008, were not at the location designated for the helicopter retrieval by the International Red Cross.
    (AP, 2/14/11)
2011        Feb 13, Colombian soldiers for the first time seized a fully submersible drug-smuggling submarine capable of reaching the coast of Mexico. The 99-foot-long (30-m) fiberglass boat, powered by two diesel engines, could carry a crew of six in an air-conditioned interior.
    (AP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 13, Egypt's military leaders dissolved parliament and suspended the constitution, meeting two key demands of protesters who have been keeping up pressure for immediate steps to transition to democratic. The military said they would govern only for six months or until elections took place, following the overthrow of Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 2/13/11)(Reuters, 2/13/11)
2011        Feb 13, Iran's opposition renewed its call for a rally in support of protesters in Tunisia and Egypt despite a government warning of repercussions if demonstrations take place.
    (AP, 2/13/11)
2011        Feb 13, Abdullah Gul arrived in Tehran on his first trip as Turkish president aimed at boosting economic and political ties with the Islamic republic.
    (AFP, 2/13/11)
2011        Feb 13, Thousands of Italian women turned out across the country to protest against Premier Berlusconi, saying his dalliances with young women humiliate the sex as a whole.
    (AP, 2/13/11)
2011        Feb 13, In Macedonia ethnic clashes, mainly Muslim ethnic Albanians and orthodox Christians, broke out at the historic Kale Fortress in a dispute over a new structure being built on the foundations of a 13th-century church. 8 people were injured.
    (AP, 2/16/11)
2011        Feb 13, Mexicans took to the streets in their hundreds to protest a staggering surge in drug-related violent crime nationwide that claimed at least 45 lives in one weekend. A dozen people were killed in Acapulco this weekend, including a prison guard. A street shootout killed seven people and injured one in suburban Mexico City. It resulted from an internal dispute between gangs tied to La Familia. Acapulco police discovered three dead men from a car left in the parking lot of a state prison.
    (AFP, 2/14/11)(AP, 2/14/11)(AP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 13, Fifty illegal Somali migrants and a Tanzanian captain died after a ship sank off the coast of northern Mozambique. Mozambican marines sent 89 Somali and Ethiopian survivors to a refugee camp which holds about 3,000 illegal migrants.
    (AP, 2/16/11)
2011        Feb 13, In Sudan a group of women demonstrated in Khartoum to demand the release of dozens of protesters arrested last month, as 3 journalists were detained in a separate rally.
    (AFP, 2/13/11)
2011        Feb 13, Switzerland, which has the highest rate of suicide by firearms in Europe, voted to hold fast to its long-standing tradition of letting citizens keep army-issue weapons at home.
    (AFP, 2/13/11)
2011        Feb 13, In Thailand thousands of anti-government protesters massed in Bangkok for the latest in a series of rallies by rival political factions ahead of elections expected this year. A car bomb exploded in the insurgency-plagued far south, injuring 18 people, including four soldiers.
    (AFP, 2/13/11) 
2011        Feb 13, Tunisian immigrants clinging to small fishing boats landed in Italy, as the Italian government appealed for EU aid and said it wanted to deploy its security forces in Tunisia.
    (AFP, 2/13/11) 
2011        Feb 13, The Yemeni opposition agreed to resume talks suspended since October with the government of President Ali Abdullah Saleh, the target of post-Tunisian revolution protests calling for his ouster. Police armed with sticks and daggers beat back thousands of protesters marching through the capital in a third straight day of demonstrations calling for political reforms and the resignation of the country's US-allied president.
    (AFP, 2/13/11)(AP, 2/13/11)

2012        Feb 13, President Barack Obama sent Congress a new budget that seeks to achieve $4 trillion in deficit reduction over the next decade through cuts in government spending and higher taxes on the wealthy. At the same time, he wants to boost spending in key areas such as transportation and education.
    (AP, 2/13/12)
2012        Feb 13, In Michigan opening statements began in the trial of 7 members of the Hutaree militia arrested in 2010 for plotting to overthrow the US government. Since their capture only one of nine charged has agreed to a plea deal. On March 27 a judge dismissed the most serious charges against the 7 defendants.
    (SFC, 2/13/12, p.A4)(SFC, 3/28/12, p.A6)
2012        Feb 13, Washington state Gov. Chris Gregoire signed into law a measure that makes his state the seventh to legalize same-sex marriage, effective June 7. Opponents almost immediately filed a referendum to challenge the new law, meaning voters likely will have the final say.
    (AP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 13, General Electric Co. said it plans to hire 5,000 US military veterans over the next five years and to invest $580 million to expand its aviation footprint in the US this year.
    (Reuters, 2/13/12)
2012        Feb 13, Afghan President Hamid Karzai's office said the government has signed a long-term partnership with Italy for continued financial support and military training. The agreement states that Italy will continue these efforts after 2014, when the Afghan government is expected to take the lead in securing the country. In the south a NATO service member died in an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 2/13/12)
2012        Feb 13, Bahrain security forces fired tear gas and stun grenades as thousands of protesters tried to occupy Pearl Square in the nation's capital ahead of the one-year anniversary of the Gulf kingdom's Shiite-led uprising.
    (AP, 2/13/12)
2012        Feb 13, A police strike in Rio de Janeiro ended just days before the world's biggest Carnival bash. The strike never affected security in the city, the number of officers who adhered to it appeared relatively small and authorities never had to call on army soldiers to patrol streets, as was feared.
    (AP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 13, Guatemala’s President Otto Perez Molina said the US inability to cut illegal drug consumption leaves his country with no option but to consider legalizing the use and transport of drugs, a remarkable turnaround for an ex-general elected on a platform of crushing organized crime with an iron fist.
    (AP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 13, In India and Georgia assailants targeted Israeli diplomats in near-simultaneous strikes that Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu blamed on archenemy Iran, and its Lebanese proxy, Hezbollah. The attacks wounded four people. A hitman on a rented motorbike attached a magnetic bomb to the back of an Israeli embassy car carrying the 42-year-old diplomat as she went to pick up her children from school in New Delhi. The woman, also the wife of the defense attache at the embassy, was left in a critical condition with spinal injuries and was flown to Israel for further treatment. 3 men of Iranian origin were later identified as suspects.
    (AP, 2/13/12)(AFP, 3/15/12)
2012        Feb 13, An Indonesian woman died of H5N1 bird flu a day after being admitted to a hospital in Tangerang district on the outskirts of the capital Jakarta. This was Indonesia's third human death from the deadly disease this year.
    (AFP, 2/21/12)
2012        Feb 13, Many Iranian web users said their access to foreign email services such as Gmail, Yahoo mail and Hotmail appears to have been restored after a four day outage.
    (AP, 2/13/12)
2012        Feb 13, In Iraq a police commander Col. Saad al-Shameri, who for years hunted militants, was ambushed and killed in a former insurgent stronghold west of Baghdad. His driver was also killed.
    (AP, 2/13/12)
2012        Feb 13, Israeli settlers from the unauthorized West Bank Migron outpost said they reached a deal with the country's government to allow them to stay put for two more years, despite Israeli Supreme Court orders to evacuate them next month. A spokesman said Israel will build an entirely new settlement on a nearby hilltop to house the evicted Migron dwellers.
    (AP, 2/13/12)
2012        Feb 13, Libyan members of a hundred militias announced a new unified military council.
    (SFC, 2/15/12, p.A2)
2012        Feb 13, The Malian army said that soldiers and civilians had been summarily executed during a Tuareg offensive in the town of Aguelhok. France condemned the extra-judicial killings of some 82 people in the town on January 24, which the Malian army confirmed. A nomadic community of some 1.5 million people, Tuareg of various tribes are scattered between Algeria, Burkina Faso, Libya, Niger and Mali.
    (AFP, 2/13/12)
2012        Feb 13, Suspected Nigerian pirates fired on a cargo ship around 110 nautical miles off the coast of Nigeria killing the captain and chief engineer. The French navy came to the aid of the cargo ship.
    (AFP, 2/13/12)(AP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 13, Pakistan's PM Yousuf Raza Gilani was charged with contempt by the country's highest court, pleading not guilty to charges over the government's two-year refusal to write to authorities in Switzerland asking them to re-open corruption cases against Pres. Zardari. The charges could see him jailed for six months and disqualified from office.
    (AFP, 2/13/12)
2012        Feb 13, In Pakistan 7 men, allegedly held by the feared intelligence services, appeared in court, an unprecedented development following orders from the country's highest court. The 7 men appeared frail, weak, unable to talk and unable to walk properly more than a year and a half after being allegedly arrested. A remote-controlled bomb targeting a police van exploded in Baluchistan province, killing two boys and wounding 17 others including a senior police official.
    (AFP, 2/13/12)
2012        Feb 13, Anwar Kamal Khan Marwat (64), Pakistani politician and tribal leader, died.
    (Econ, 2/25/12, p.110)
2012        Feb 13, Military planes flew in tons of emergency food to towns and villages in eastern Romania where thousands have been stranded by blizzards.
    (AP, 2/13/12)
2012        Feb 13, In Senegal four soldiers wee killed by separatist rebels in the country's southern Casamance region.
    (AP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 13, Across Somalia gun-toting Shebab insurgents staged rallies to celebrate their group's recognition by Ayman al-Zawahiri as a member of the Islamist Al-Qaeda network.
    (AP, 2/13/12)
2012        Feb 13, Spain's Supreme Court threw out a case against recently barred magistrate Baltasar Garzon in which he was suspected of improperly receiving money while on sabbatical in New York in 2005-2006. The court cited a three-year statute of limitations on bribery charges. Garzon awaited a verdict in a third case for allegedly overstepping jurisdiction by launching a 2008 probe of right-wing atrocities during and after the 1936-1939 Spanish civil war.
    (AP, 2/13/12)
2012        Feb 13, Syrian rebels repelled a push by government tanks into Rastan, a key central town held by forces fighting President Bashar Assad's regime. At least three soldiers were left dead. A sniper shot dead a civilian in Hama.
    (AP, 2/13/12)
2012        Feb 13, A clash in Turkey's mostly Kurdish southeast has left 15 Kurdish rebels and two Turkish soldiers dead.
    (AP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 13, The United Nations backed the Maldives' new leader's proposal for a national unity government though the ousted leader called for a snap poll to resolve a political crisis.
    (AP, 2/13/12)

2013        Feb 13, In Washington DC celebrities and activists were arrested after tying themselves to the White House gate to protest the Keystone XL oil pipeline from Canada. Sierra Club Director Michael Brune was also arrested, the first time in the group’s history that club leader was arrested in an act of civil disobedience.
    (SFC, 2/14/13, p.A8)
2013        Feb 13, The boards of American Airlines and US Airways approved their merger. This will create the world’s biggest airline.
    (SFC, 2/14/13, p.C2)
2013        Feb 13, In Afghanistan a NATO airstrike struck two houses, killing 10 Afghan civilians and four insurgents in Kunar province near the Pakistani border. President Hamid Karzai condemned the attack. Mahmood, an Afghan soldier-turned-insurgent, who was feted by the Taliban for killing an American soldier during an insider attack on May 11, 2012, was killed along with an accomplice in a raid in Ghaziabad district. Kunar province.
    (AP, 2/13/13)(AP, 2/18/13)
2013        Feb 13, British police investigating the hacking of mobile phones to generate stories at Rupert Murdoch's now-defunct News of the World tabloid made six more arrests of journalists or former journalists.
    (AP, 2/13/13)
2013        Feb 13, British fashion retailer Republic became the latest casualty of the economic downturn, seeking protection from creditors and putting around 2,500 jobs at risk.
    (AP, 2/13/13)
2013        Feb 13, British couple Peter Root (34) and Mary Thompson (34), who had been chronicling their round-the-world cycling odyssey in a blog, died when they were hit by a pickup truck in a province east of Bangkok.
    (AP, 2/18/13)
2013        Feb 13, The EU and the US announced that they have agreed to pursue talks aimed at achieving an overarching trans-Atlantic free trade deal.
    (AP, 2/13/13)
2013        Feb 13, In Dresden, Germany, over 10,000 anti-fascist activists massed to block a neo-Nazi march on the anniversary of the 1945 bombing of Dresden.
    (SFC, 2/14/13, p.A7)
2013        Feb 13, Iran's nuclear chief said his country has begun installing a new generation of uranium enrichment centrifuges at its main facility making nuclear fuel. IRNA news quoted Fereidoun Abbasi as saying that Iran began installing the new centrifuges at Natanz site about a month ago. Senior UN investigators began a new round of talks with government officials over allegations that Tehran may have carried out tests on triggers for atomic weapons.
    (AP, 2/13/13)
2013        Feb 13, Gen. Hassan Shateri, a senior commander of Iran’s Revolutionary Guards, was killed on the road linking Damascus with Beirut.
    (AP, 2/14/13)
2013        Feb 13, The Iraqi panel tasked with purging government ranks of former members of Saddam Hussein's party removed Chief judge Medhat al-Mahmoud (80), the country's top judge, from his post because of alleged ties to the now-dissolved Baath party. On Feb 19 a judicial panel rejected the decision to remove al-Mahmoud from his post.
    (AP, 2/14/13)(AP, 2/19/13)
2013        Feb 13, In Kenya the families of seven people shot dead in 2007 and eight wounded survivors filed a lawsuit to sue the government claiming the shots were fired by police during a dispute over who won Kenya's 2007 presidential election.
    (AP, 2/15/13)
2013        Feb 13, Lebanon's state-run news agency said protesters have closed two major roads in northern Lebanon to prevent fuel tankers from crossing into Syria.
    (AP, 2/13/13)
2013        Feb 13, In the Maldives former Pres. Mohamed Nasheed took refuge at the Indian Embassy after a court ordered his arrest for not attending a hearing on charges that he illegally ordered the detention of a senior judge, a move that led to his ouster last year.
    (SFC, 2/15/13, p.A2)
2013        Feb 13, In Mali French soldiers recovered some 800 kg of explosives that authorities believe radical Islamic fighters were using to make bombs for attacks on Gao.
    (AP, 2/13/13)
2013        Feb 13, In Nepal a Tibetan protester doused himself with gasoline, set himself ablaze and chanted anti-China slogans as he ran down a street in Kathmandu. Police and residents were able to put out the flames and rush the man to a hospital. He died the next day.
    (AP, 2/13/13)(SFC, 2/15/13, p.A2)
2013        Feb 13, South African authorities said at least 96 rhinoceros have been killed so far this year, as rampant poaching for their horns to sell to buyers in Asia continues. From the 1990s to 2007, rhino killings in South Africa by poachers averaged about 15 a year.
    (AP, 2/13/13)
2013        Feb 13, Syrian rebels fought pitched battles against regime forces at the Brigade 80 military base in Aleppo that protects a major airport in the area. The fighting has left more than 40 government troops dead. Activists reported clashes outside Damascus with regime warplanes hitting several of the restive suburbs.
    (AP, 2/13/13)
2013        Feb 13, Ukrainian officials sought to reassure the public that radiation levels were unaffected at Chernobyl and there was no safety threat after a partial roof collapse at the exploded nuclear power plant.
    (AP, 2/13/13)
2013        Feb 13, Ukraine reached a tentative agreement with Turkmenistan to resume imports of natural gas from the energy-rich Central Asian nation. Completion of the deal would require the consent of Kazakhstan and Russia as transit nations.
    (AP, 2/13/13)
2013        Feb 13, In Ukraine a small Soviet-designed AN-24 plane carrying soccer fans headed for a match skidded past the landing strip and overturned in the eastern city of Donetsk, killing five people.
    (AP, 2/13/13)
2013        Feb 13, Venezuela's government devalued the country's currency amid questions about how the government can get a grip on 22% inflation and satisfy growing demand for dollars to pay for imported goods. The fifth devaluation in a decade established a new government-set rate of 6.30 bolivars to the dollar, replacing the previous rate of 4.30 bolivars.
    (AP, 2/13/13)

2014        Feb 13, US federal authorities said they have detained 57 migrants from Haiti, the Dominican Republic and Brazil in separate incidents near Puerto Rico's west coast. Authorities planned to prosecute 19 of those migrants, five of them on human smuggling charges.
    (AP, 2/13/14)
2014        Feb 13, A US federal judge found Virginia’s ban on same sex marriage unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 2/14/14, p.A10)
2014        Feb 13, The US-Korea Institute at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies said that North Korea has accelerated excavation at a remote mountain site used for underground nuclear test explosions. However, it did not see signs of an imminent test.
    (AP, 2/13/14)
2014        Feb 13, In Nevada Wayne Burgarello shot and killed Cody Devine (34) and wounded Janai Wilson (29) after confronting them sleeping at his vacant duplex in Sparks. On May 29, 2015, Burgarello (74) was found not guilty after insisting he was acting in self-defense.
    (http://tinyurl.com/pks2m5o)(SSFC, 5/31/15, p.A6)
2014        Feb 13, Ralph Waite (85), actor, died. He played the patriarch in the TV series “The Waltons" (1972-1981).
    (SSFC, 2/16/14, p.C14)
2014        Feb 13, Afghanistan released 65 accused militants from a former US prison despite protests from the American military, which says the men are Taliban fighters who will likely return to the battlefield to kill coalition and Afghan forces.
    (AP, 2/13/14)
2014        Feb 13, Afghan women marched in Kabul to protest violence against women and decry a new draft law that activists say will severely limit justice for victims of domestic abuse.
    (SFC, 2/14/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 13, Albanian authorities said they have seized 2 metric tons of marijuana hidden in a rocky part of a bay and destined for Greece or Italy.
    (AP, 2/13/14)
2014        Feb 13, In Argentina a new consumer price index, developed with help from the IMF, registered inflation at 3.7% for January, the highest official rate since 2002 and much higher than the 1.4% posted in December.
    (Econ, 2/22/14, p.32)
2014        Feb 13, In Belgium lawmakers voted to extend a decade-old law allowing euthanasia for adults after months of often heated public debate. Belgium's House of Representatives lifted all age restrictions on the right of the incurably sick to end their lives.
    (AFP, 2/13/14)(SFC, 2/14/14, p.A5)
2014        Feb 13, Toronto-based Barrick Gold Corp., the world's largest gold miner, announced massive losses while forecasting rising costs and less gold to dig for profitably.
    (AFP, 2/13/14)
2014        Feb 13, In the Central African Republic Richard Bejouane, the self-proclaimed leader of the CAR’s Christian-dominated vigilantes (anti-balaka), warned Pres. Catherine Samba Panza against any crackdown against his group.
    (AFP, 2/13/14)
2014        Feb 13, The UN mission in CongoDRC (MONUSCO) said more than 70 men and women have been summarily executed in the restive eastern part of the country late last month and early this month.
    (AFP, 2/13/14)
2014        Feb 13, In India a lawmaker sprayed pepper spray inside Parliament, creating chaos that left his colleagues coughing and crying as they were ushered from the hall. Lawmakers had been set to vote on a long-contentious proposal to create the new southern state of Telangana from mostly poor, inland districts of Andhra Pradesh state.
    (AP, 2/13/14)(SFC, 2/14/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 13, In northern Iraq gunmen seized part of Sulaiman Bek and nearby villages. Bombs killed at least two people at a historic Baghdad market and set it ablaze.
    (AFP, 2/13/14)
2014        Feb 13, Israeli soldiers shot and killed a Palestinian and wounded another in the Gaza Strip. Relatives said Ibrahim Mansour (26) was collecting gravel to sell from his donkey cart when he was shot dead. The Israeli military said soldiers fired at Palestinians tampering with Israel's border security fence.
    (Reuters, 2/13/14)
2014        Feb 13, Italian leftist leader Matteo Renzi called for a new government in his first direct challenge to PM Enrico Letta.
    (AFP, 2/13/14)
2014        Feb 13, Jamaica authorities arrested a police officer and two others accused of transporting 23 pounds (10 kg) of marijuana.
    (AP, 2/14/14)
2014        Feb 13, A top Kenyan official, Francis Kimemia, accused the United States of trying to overthrow Kenya's government by supporting activists even as baton-wielding police used tear gas to break up an anti-government protest in downtown Nairobi. Kimemia served as the chairman of the National Security Advisory Committee and the secretary of the president's Cabinet.
    (AP, 2/13/14)
2014        Feb 13, Nigeria's Senate said it is ordering a forensic audit to track down billions of missing petrodollars after the Senate Committee heard that the amount of unaccounted petrodollars has grown to $20 billion. The World Bank has estimated that at least $400 billion has gone missing from government coffers since independence.
    (AP, 2/14/14)(Econ, 2/15/14, p.43)
2014        Feb 13, In Nigeria a mob armed with wooden clubs and iron bars, screaming that they were going to "cleanse" their neighborhood of gay people, dragged 14 young men from their beds and assaulted them in Gishiri, a shantytown with mud roads near central Abuja.
    (AP, 2/15/14)
2014        Feb 13, In Pakistan an explosion targeting a bus of policemen killed 12 of them and wounded 58 near Karachi.
    (Reuters, 2/13/14)
2014        Feb 13, Saudi Arabia said Yemen has handed over 29 Saudis wanted for suspected links to Al-Qaeda.
    (AFP, 2/13/14)
2014        Feb 13, In Somalia at least 6 people were killed in a suicide car bomb attack targeting a UN convoy close to Mogadishu's heavily-fortified international airport.
    (AFP, 2/13/14)
2014        Feb 13, Syrian activists said government shelling and airstrikes using makeshift barrel bombs have killed about 400 people in Aleppo so far this month. The governor of the central province of Homs says a cease-fire has been extended for three days as of today.
    (AP, 2/13/14)
2014        Feb 13, In Yemen 29 people convicted "of various terrorist and criminal charges" escaped a Sanaa prison when a blast breached the facility's outer wall.
    (AFP, 2/14/14)

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