Today in History - February 14

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Valentine's Day probably has its origins in the Roman feast of Lupercalia, which was held on February 15. One of the traditions associated with this feast was young men drawing the names of young women whom they would court during the following year--a custom that may have grown into the giving of valentine's cards. Another legend associated with Valentine's Day was the martyrdom of the Christian priest St. Valentine on February 14. The Roman emperor believed that men would remain soldiers longer if they were not married, but Valentine earned the wrath of the emperor by secretly marrying young couples. The first American publisher of valentines was printer and artist Esther Howland, who sold elaborate handmade cards for as much as $35 at the end of the 19th century. Complex and beautiful machine-made cards brought the custom of valentine exchanging within the reach of many Americans.
 (HNPD, 2/14/99)

270        cFeb 14, The early Christian martyr, St. Valentine, was beheaded by Emperor Claudius II, who executed another St. Valentine around the same time. The Catholic Bishop Valentine was clubbed, stoned and beheaded by Emperor Claudius II for refusing to acknowledge the monarch’s outlawing of marriage. The Catholics then made Valentine a symbol to oppose the Roman mid-February custom in honor of the God Lupercus, where Roman teenage girls’ names were put in a box and selected by young Roman men for "sex toy" use until the next lottery. The two Valentines merged into a single legendary patron of young lovers. St. Valentine’s Day evolved from Lupercalia, a Roman festival of fertility.
    (SFEM, 2/9/97, p.11)(SFC, 2/14/97, p.A26)(SFC, 2/4/04, p.D7)

869        Feb 14, Cyrillus, Greek apostle of Slavs, died.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1009        Feb 14, Lithuania was 1st mentioned in relation to an announcement of the death of St. Bruno. [see Mar 9]
    (LHC, 2/14/03)

1014        Feb 14, Pope Benedict VIII crowned Henry II, German King (1002), as Roman German emperor (1014-1024).
    (HN, 5/6/98)(MC, 5/6/02)(MC, 2/14/02)

1076        Feb 14, Pope Gregory VII excommunicated Henry IV.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1130        Feb 14, Jewish Cardinal Pietro Pierleone was elected as anti-pope Anacletus II.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1349        Feb 14, 2,000 Jews were burned at the stake in Strasbourg, Germany.
    (HN, 2/14/98)

1400        Feb 14, Richard II (33), deposed king of England (1377-99), was murdered in Pontefract Castle in Yorkshire.
    (HN, 2/14/99)(MC, 2/14/02)

1405        Feb 14, Timur, aka Tamerlane (b.1336), crippled Mongol monarch, died in Kazakhstan. In 2004 Justin Marozzi authored “Tamerlane: Sword of Islam, Conqueror of the World.”
    (V.D.-H.K.p.172)(http://au.encarta.msn.com)(Econ, 8/28/04, p.76)

1408        Feb 14, Vytautas gave self-rule status to Kaunas, which was 1st mentioned in the summer of 1361.
    (LHC, 2/14/03)

1483        Feb 14, (OS) Zahir al-Din Mohammed Babur Shah (d.1531), prince, founder Mughal dynasty in India (1526-30), was born.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babur)(Econ, 12/18/10, p.80)

1489        Feb 14, Henry VII and Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I ally to assist the Bretons in the Treaty of Dordrecht.
    (http://tudors.crispen.org/chronology/index.html)

1540        Feb 14, Emperor Charles V entered Ghent without resistance and executed the rebels. He brutally beat down an uprising against taxes for an expansionist war. Nine leaders were beheaded and another hanged. City burgers were forced to walk the streets barefoot with rope hanging round their necks. The "Gentse Feesten" annual festival re-enacts this event every mid-July.
    (SFEC, 11/21/99, p.T10)(MC, 2/14/02)

1549        Feb 14, Maximilian II, brother of the Emperor Charles V, was recognized as the future king of Bohemia.
    (HN, 2/14/99)

1556        Feb 14, Archbishop Thomas Cranmer was declared a heretic.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1571        Feb 14, Benvenuto Cellini (b.1500), Italian goldsmith and sculptor, writer (Perseus), died. His 1545 autobiography greatly influenced the Renaissance.
    (HN, 11/1/00)(WSJ, 2/14/00, p.A20)(www.boglewood.com/cornaro/xcellini.html)

1572        Feb 14, Hans Christoph Haiden, composer, was born.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1602        Feb 14, Pier Francesco Cavalli, Italian opera composer, was born.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1610        Feb 14, Polish king Sigismund III forced Dimitri #2 and the Romanov family to sign covenant against Czar Vasili Shuishki (sequel to story of "Boris Godunov").
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1645        Feb 14, Robert Ingle, commissioned by the English Parliament and captain of the tobacco ship Reformation, sailed to St. Mary’s (Maryland) and seized a Dutch trading ship. This marked the beginning of what came to known as “The Plundering Time.”
    (Arch, 1/05, p.48)

1670        Feb 14, Roman Catholic emperor Leopold I chased the Jews out of Vienna.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1689        Feb 14, English parliament placed Mary Stuart and Prince William III on the throne.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1711        Feb 14, Handel's opera Rinaldo premiered. He composed his opera "Rinaldo," with the Italian librettist Giacomo Rossi. It was his 1st opera for London.
    (LGC-HCS, p.41)(WSJ, 11/13/00, p.A32)(MC, 2/14/02)

1760        Feb 14, Richard Allen (d.1831), 1st black ordained by a Methodist-Episcopal church, was born in Philadelphia.
    (HN, 2/14/98)

1778        Feb 14, The American ship Ranger carried the recently adopted Star and Stripes to a foreign port for the first time as it arrived in France.
    (AP, 2/14/98)

1779        Feb 14, American Loyalists were defeated by Patriots at Kettle Creek, Ga.
    (HN, 2/14/98)
1779        Feb 14, Captain James Cook (b.1728), English explorer, was killed on the Big Island in Hawaii. In 2002 Tony Horwitz authored "Blue Latitudes," and Vanessa Collingridge authored "Captain Cook: A Legacy Under Fire."
    (WSJ, 10/2/02, p.D12)(www.royal-navy.mod.uk/static/pages/3521.html)

1780        Feb 14, William Blackstone (56), English lawyer, died.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1794        Feb 14, 1st US textile machinery patent was granted, to James Davenport in Phila.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1797        Feb 14, The Spanish fleet was destroyed by the British under Admiral Jervis (with Nelson in support) at the battle of Cape St. Vincent, off Portugal.
    (HN, 2/14/99)

1803        Feb 14, An apple parer was patented by Moses Coats in Downington, Penn.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1817        Feb 14, Frederick Douglass (d.1895), "The Great Emancipator," was born in Maryland as Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey. He was the son of a slave and a white father who bought his own freedom and published “The Narrative Life of Frederick Douglass” (1845) a memoir of his life as a slave. "The life of the nation is secure only while the nation is honest, truthful, and virtuous."
    (AHD, 1971, p.394)(HN, 2/14/99)(AP, 2/20/99)(ON, 12/09, p.12)

1819        Feb 14, Christopher Latham Sholes, inventor of the first practical typewriter, was born.
    (HN, 2/14/01)

1824        Feb 14, Winfield Scott Hancock (d.1886), Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1845        Feb 14, Quinton Hogg, English philanthropist, was born. [see Feb 16]
    (HN, 2/14/01)

1847        Feb 14, Anna Howard Shaw, U.S. suffragette, was born.
    (HN, 2/14/98)

1848        Feb 14, James Polk became the first U.S. President to be photographed in office by Matthew Brady.
    (HN, 2/14/98)

1856        Feb 14, Frank Harris, journalist, writer (My Life & Loves), was born in England.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1859        Feb 14, George Washington Gale Ferris, inventor of the Ferris Wheel, was born.
    (HN, 2/14/98)
1859        Feb 14, Oregon was admitted to the Union as the 33rd state.
    (HN, 2/14/98)(AP, 2/14/98)

1862        Feb 14, Galena, the 1st US iron-clad warship for service at sea, was launched in Conn.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1867        Feb 14, Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection & Insurance Co. issued its 1st policy.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1870        Feb 14, Esther Morris became the world’s first female justice of the peace.
    (HN, 2/14/98)

1876        Feb 14, Rival inventors Elisha Gray and Alexander Graham Bell both applied for patents for the telephone.
    (HN, 2/14/98)

1879        Feb 14, Chile invaded the Bolivian port of Antofagasta after Bolivian authorities attempted to auction the confiscated property of CSFA, a Chilean mining company.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_the_Pacific)(Econ, 5/9/15, p.30)

1881        Feb 14, Otto Selz, German psychologist, was born.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1882        Feb 14, George Jean Nathan (d.1958), US editor, author, critic (Smart Set, American Mercury), was born: "Love demands infinitely less than friendship."
    (AP, 4/30/99)(MC, 2/14/02)

1886        Feb 14, California orange growers ship their first trainload of fruit from Los Angeles.
    (HCB, 2003, p.92)

1891        Feb 14, William Tecumseh Sherman (b.1820), Union Civil War general, died. His famous "March to the Sea" changed the face of modern warfare. "Vox populi, vox humbug." (The voice of the people is the voice of humbug).
    (HN, 2/8/99)(AP, 4/7/99)(MC, 2/14/02)

1894        Feb 14, Jack Benny (d.1974), comedian, radio and television performer... and violinist, was born as Benjamin Kubelsky in Waukegan, Ill: "Age is strictly a case of mind over matter. If you don't mind, it doesn't matter."
    (HN, 2/14/01)(AP, 2/14/08)   
1894        Feb 14, Mary Lucinda Cardwell Dawson, was born. She founded the National Negro Opera Company (NNOC) and was appointed to President John F. Kennedy's National Committee on Music.
    (HN, 2/14/99)

1895        Feb 14, Nigel Bruce, actor (Dr Watson in Sherlock Holmes movies), was born in Baja, Mexico.
    (MC, 2/14/02)
1895        Feb 14, Oscar Wilde's final play, "The Importance of Being Earnest," opened at the St. James' Theatre in London.
    (AP, 2/14/98)

1896        Feb 14, Theodor Herzl published "Der Judenstaat," in which he called for a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
    (SFC, 4/30/02, p.A8)(MC, 2/14/02)

1898        Feb 14, Fritz Zwicky, Swiss astronomer (super nova), was born.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1899        Feb 14, Congress approved, and President McKinley signed, legislation authorizing states to use voting machines for federal elections.
    (AP, 2/14/99)

1900        Feb 14, General Roberts invaded South Africa’s Orange Free State with 20,000 British troops.
    (HN, 2/14/98)

1903        Feb 14, US Congress created the Department of Commerce and Labor to help stabilize the economy. It was divided into separate departments of Commerce and Labor in 1913.
    (HN, 2/14/98)(AP, 2/14/05)

1904        Feb 14, The "Missouri Kid" was captured in Kansas.
    (HN, 2/14/98)

1908        Feb 14, Russia and Britain threatened action in Macedonia if peace was not reached soon.
    (HN, 2/14/98)

1912        Feb 14, Arizona became the 48th state of the Union, the final area of the continental United States to attain statehood.
    (AP, 2/14/98)(AP, 5/20/10)
1912        Feb 14, The 1st US submarines with diesel engines were commissioned at Groton, Ct.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1913        Feb 14, Jimmy Hoffa (d.1975), Teamsters leader who disappeared, was born.
    (MC, 2/14/02)
1913        Feb 14, Mel Allen, sportscaster (voice of NY Yankees), was born in Birmingham, Alabama.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1915        Feb 14, The Kaiser invited the U.S. Ambassador Gerard to Berlin in order to confer on the war.
    (HN, 2/14/98)

1918        Feb 14, Sigmund Romberg's musical "Sinbad," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 2/14/02)
1918        Feb 14, Warsaw demonstrators protested the transfer of Polish territory to the Ukraine.
    (HN, 2/14/98)

1919        Feb 14, The United Parcel Service was incorporated in Oakland, CA.
    (HN, 2/14/98)

1920        Feb 14, The League of Women Voters was founded in Chicago; its first president was Maude Wood Park.
    (HFA, '96, p.22)(AP, 2/14/98)

1921        Feb 14, The Literary Review faced obscenity charges in NY for publishing "Ulysses" by James Joyce.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1924        Feb 14, Patricia Edwina Victoria Mountbatten, the 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma, was born in London.
    (www.thepeerage.com/p10115.htm)
1924        Feb 14, Thomas J. Watson, general manager of Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (CTR), renamed the firm International Business Machines (IBM).
    (http://tinyurl.com/b62t8)(HN, 2/14/98)

1929        Feb 14, In Chicago the "St. Valentine's Day Massacre" took place in a garage of the Moran gang as seven rivals of Al Capone's gang were gunned down.
    (AP, 2/14/98)

1930        Feb 14, “The Maltese Falcon," by SF based writer Dashiell Hammett (1894-1961), was published.
    (SFC, 6/7/04, p.C1)

1931        Feb 14, Vic Morrow, actor (Combat, Roots, Twilight Zone the Movie), was born in Bronx, NY.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1936        Feb 14, Fanne Foxe, [Annabella Battistella], (Wilbur Mills companion during Congressman’s drunken romp in the fountain), was born in Argentina.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1937        Feb 14, Austrian leader Schuschnigg threatened to restore the Hapsburg monarchy.
    (HN, 2/14/98)

1939        Feb 14, The Reich launched the battleship Bismarck.
    (HN, 2/14/98)

1940        Feb 14, Britain announced that all merchant ships would be armed.
    (HN, 2/14/98)

1941        Feb 14, "Reflections in a Golden Eye" by Carson McCullers was first published.
    (AP, 2/14/01)
1941        Feb 14, German Afrika Korps landed in Tripoli, Libya.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1942        Feb 14, The Japanese attacked Sumatra. Aidan MacCarthy’s RAF unit flew to Palembang, in eastern Sumatra, where 30 Royal Australian Air Force Lockheed A-28 Hudson bombers were waiting. The elation was short-lived as Japanese soldiers were parachuting into the jungle that surrounded the airfield.
    (HN, 2/14/98)

1943        Feb 14, A German offensive was made through the de Faid pass in Tunisia.
    (MC, 2/14/02)
1943        Feb 14, Soviets recaptured Rostov.
    (MC, 2/14/02)
1943        Feb 14, David Hilbert (b.1862), German mathematician, died. He is considered the father of modern mathematics.
    (Econ, 4/2/05, p.73)(www.student.cs.uwaterloo.ca/~cs462/Hall/hilbert.html)

1944        Feb 14, Carl Bernstein, Washington Post investigative reporter (Watergate), was born.
    (MC, 2/14/02)
1944        Feb 14, An anti-Japanese revolt took place on Java.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1945        Feb 14, Gregory Hines, actor, dancer (White Nights, Taps), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 2/14/02)
1945        Feb 14, Saudi King Abd al-Aziz and Franklin D. Roosevelt met on a ship in the Suez Canal and reached an understanding whereby the US would protect the Saudi royal family in return for preferred access to Saudi oil. William Eddy, US minister to Saudi Arabia, arranged the meeting.
    (WSJ, 10/4/01, p.A1)(Econ, 11/8/08, p.102)(http://tinyurl.com/5a3c49)
1945        Feb 14, 521 American heavy bombers flew daylight raids over Dresden, Germany following the British assault. The firestorm killed an estimated 135,000 people. At least 35,000 died and some people place the toll closer to 70,000. The novel "Slaughterhouse Five" by Kurt Vonnegut was set in Dresden during the firebombing where he was being held as a prisoner of war. US B-17 bombers dropped 771 more tons on Dresden while P-51 Mustang fighters strafed roads packed with soldiers and civilians fleeing the burning city. In 2006 Marshall De Bruhl authored “Firestorm: Allied Airpower and the Destruction of Dresden.”
    (WSJ, 10/22/96, p.A20)(SFC, 1/6/97, p.A10)(SFEC, 7/27/97, p.T6)(HN, 2/13/99)(SFEC, 1/30/00, p.T13)(SSFC, 12/17/06, p.M3)
1945        Feb 14, The siege of Budapest ended as the Soviets took the city. Only 785 German and Hungarian soldiers managed to escape.
    (HN, 2/14/99)
1945        Feb 14, Peru, Paraguay, Chile and Ecuador joined the United Nations.
    (AP, 2/14/98)

1947        Feb 14, Donna Halper, Boston-based historian, author, educator and radio consultant, was born. Since 1984, Halper has been the advocate for an adult with autism. She continues to do presentations on such topics as media history, women’s history, and popular culture at museums, schools, and historical societies.
    (www.donnahalper.com/dlh.htm)

1948        Feb 14, Winthrop Rockefeller (1912-1973), later governor of Arkansas (1967-1971), married Barbara Sears (1916-2008), the Pennsylvania-born daughter of Lithuanian immigrants. They had one child, Winthrop Paul Rockefeller, but the marriage dissolved in a high-profile divorce in 1954. Barbara Bobo Rockefeller, born as Jievute Paulekiute in Noblestown, Pa., was featured as Miss Lithuania at the 1933 Chicago World's Fair. She later was known as Eva Paul.
    (www.thetimes.co.za/PrintEdition/Insight/Article.aspx?id=772208)

1949        Feb 14, The United States charged the USSR with interning up to 14 million in labor camps.
    (HN, 2/14/98)
1949        Feb 14, 1st session of Knesset (Jerusalem Israel).
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1954        Feb 14, Sen. John Kennedy appeared on "Meet the Press."
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1955        Feb 14, A Jewish couple lost their fight to adopt Catholic twins as the U.S. Supreme Court refused to rule on state law.
    (HN, 2/14/98)
1955        Feb 14, James Stephen George Boggs, American artist, was born in New Jersey. He is best known for his hand-drawn, one-sided depictions of US banknotes (known as "Boggs notes") and his various "Boggs bills.”
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._S._G._Boggs)

1956        Feb 14, The B.F. Huntley furniture plant in Winston-Salem, NC, was destroyed by fire. The factory was rebuilt and the Huntley name continued until it was sold to Thomasville Furniture Industries in 1961.
    (SFC, 7/9/08, p.G5)
1956        Feb 14-25, Khrushchev denounced Stalin at the 20th Communist Party Congress at Moscow. [see Feb 23, 25]
    (WUD, 1994, p.1685)(TOH, 1982, p.1956)(EWH, 1968, p.1198)

1957        Feb 14, The Georgia Senate approved Sen Leon Butts' bill barring blacks from playing baseball with whites.
    (HN, 2/14/98)(MC, 2/14/02)
1957        Feb 14, The “Southern Leadership Conference” was formed in New Orleans, Louisiana. Officers were elected which included: Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. as President, Dr. Ralph David Abernathy as Financial Secretary-Treasurer, Rev. C. K. Steele of Tallahassee, Florida as Vice President, Rev. T. J. Jemison of Baton Rouge, Louisiana as Secretary, and Attorney I. M. Augustine of New Orleans, Louisiana as General Counsel. In August the name was changed to "Southern Christian Leadership Conference" at its first convention in Montgomery, Alabama.
    (http://sclcnational.org/net/content/item.aspx?s=25461.0.12.2607)

1958        Feb 14, The Arab Federation of Iraq and Jordan formed under Iraq’s Faisal II. King Hussein forged a federation with Iraq, which was led by his cousin, Faisal II. The federation failed when Faisal was killed during a revolution in Iraq.
    (HNQ, 8/20/00)(MC, 2/14/02)

1959        Feb 14, A $3.6 million heroin seizure was made in NYC.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1962        Feb 14, First lady Jacqueline Kennedy conducted a televised tour of the White House.
    (AP, 2/14/98)

1965        Feb 14, Malcolm X’s home was firebombed. No injuries were reported.
    (HN, 2/14/98)

1967        Feb 14, Ramparts Magazine published an ad in the NY Times and Washington Post saying: “In its March issue, Ramparts magazine will document how the CIA has infiltrated and subverted the world of American student leaders over the past fifteen years.”
    (WSJ, 1/23/08, p.D8)(www.nytimes.com/books/first/m/mackenzie-secrets.html)
1967            Feb 14, The first nuclear weapons free zone was established in Latin America and the Caribbean. The Treaty of Tiatelolco was signed in Mexico City. It banned the manufacture, storage or testing of nuclear weapons and the devices for launching them.
    (http://cyberschoolbus.un.org/dnp/sub2.asp?ipage=timeline)

1969        Feb 14, The new red, plastic Olivetti typewriter, designed by Ettore Sottsass (1917-2007, was released.
    (SFC, 1/3/08, p.B5)

1971        Feb 14, Moscow publicized a new five-year plan geared to expanding consumer production.
    (HN, 2/14/98)

1972        Feb 14, The musical "Grease" opened at the Eden Theatre off Broadway. The show turned out to be a surprise hit and soon moved to the Broadhurst Theatre and then to the Royale where it remained until April 13, 1980. The show had a record run until it was taken over by A Chorus Line.
    (http://musicalheaven.com/g/grease.shtml)

1973        Feb 14, The US and Hanoi set up a group to channel reconstruction aid directly to Hanoi. In 1972 the US had begun to "de-Americanize" the Vietnam war. It was a policy of gradual withdrawal.
    (HN, 2/14/98)
1972        Feb 14 Bill Torrey (38), an executive vice president with the Oakland Seals, was named the 1st General Manager of the Islanders, a Long Island hockey team.
    (http://tinyurl.com/4hfu8o)

1975        Feb 14, Julian S. Huxley (b.1887), English biologist, died. He served as the first Director-General of UNESCO (1946-1948).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julian_Huxley)
1975        Feb 14, Pelham Graham (PG) Wodehouse (b.1881), English, US writer (Piccadilly Jim), died at age 93. 58 Penguin editions of his books were done by artist Jos Armitage (d.1998 at 84), who also contributed to "Punch." In 2004 Robert McCrum authored “Wodehouse.”
    (SFC, 2/7/98, p.21)(SFC, 11/19/04, p.W16)

1978        Feb 14, G. W. Boone and M.J. Cochran of Texas Instruments received a patent for their Variable Function Programmed Calculator.
    (www.patents4technologies.com/Historical.htm)

1979        Feb 14, Adolph Dubs, the U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan, was kidnapped in Kabul by Muslim extremists and killed in a shootout between his abductors and police.
    (SFC, 9/28/96, p.A8)(AP, 2/14/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolph_Dubs)
1979        Feb 14, Armed guerrillas attacked the U.S. embassy in Tehran.
    (HN, 2/14/98)

1980        Feb 14, The Solar Max satellite was launched by NASA to monitor the sun and its flares at an orbit of  some 400 miles above Earth.
    (NOHY, 3/90, p.126)(SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A14)
1980        Feb 14, Victor Gruen (b.1903), Austrian-born Jewish architect, died in Vienna. He was later considered the father of the modern shopping mall. In 2003 Jeffrey Hardwick authored "Mall Maker: Victor Gruen, Architect of an American Dream." His 1956 mall in Edina, Minn., the 1st enclosed mall, was designed as a center of community.
    (WSJ, 12/24/03, p.D7)(www.nndb.com/people/878/000118524/)

1981        Subhash Chandra traveled to Zurich to land a $10 million deal to build a factory for toothpaste tubes. He went on to become a leading Indian producer of laminated packaging and then expanded to a private TV network followed by mobile communications.
    (WSJ, 5/18/00, p.A1)

1984        Feb 14, 6-year-old Stormie Jones became the world's first heart-liver transplant recipient at Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh. She lived until November 1990.
    (AP, 2/14/04)
1984        Feb 14, Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean of Britain won the gold medal in ice dancing at the Sarajevo Olympics.
    (AP, 2/14/04)
1984        Feb 14, In South Africa under Apartheid rule the Black community at Mogopa was displaced in a "force removal" action. Some 300 homes and a cluster of community buildings were bulldozed over.
    (WSJ, 3/10/00, p.A1)

1985        Feb 14, Cable News Network reporter Jeremy Levin, who was being held hostage by extremists in Lebanon, was freed.
    (AP, 2/14/98)
1985        Feb 14, Hanoi troops surrounded the main Khmer Rouge base at Phnom Malai.
    (HN, 2/14/98)

1987        Feb 14, Dmitry Borisovich Kabalevsky (b.1904), Russian composer, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dmitri_Borisovich_Kabalevsky)

1988        Feb 14, Hours after learning that his sister had died of leukemia, American Dan Jansen (b.1965) lost his bid for a gold medal at the Winter Olympics in Calgary, Canada, when he fell during the 500-meter speed-skating event.
    (AP, 2/14/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dan_Jansen)
1988        Feb 14, Broadway composer Frederick Loewe, who wrote the scores for "My Fair Lady" and "Camelot," died in Palm Springs, Calif., at age 86.
    (AP, 2/14/98)
1988        Feb 14, Alfredo Stroessner was re-elected president of Paraguay.
    (www.mongabay.com/reference/country_studies/paraguay/GOVERNMENT.html)

1989        Feb 14, Union Carbide agreed to pay $470 million to the government of India in a court-ordered settlement of the 1984 Bhopal gas leak disaster.
    (AP, 2/14/99)
1989        Feb 14, Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini called on Muslims to kill Salman Rushdie, author of "The Satanic Verses," a novel condemned as blasphemous. Several translators of the book were later killed or wounded.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1989)(SFEC, 8/31/97, p.A2)(AP, 2/14/99)

1990        Feb 14, Space probe Voyager 1 took photographs of entire solar system.
    (www.nmm.ac.uk/server/show/conMediaFile.4331)
1990        Feb 14, Ninety-four people were killed when an Indian Airlines passenger jet crashed while landing at a southern Indian airport.
    (AP, 2/14/00)

1991        Feb 14, Two San Francisco men became the first couple to register as "domestic partners" under a new city ordinance.
    (AP, 2/14/01)
1991        Feb 14, Iraq charged the bombing of an underground facility the day before, which killed hundreds of civilians, was a deliberate attack on an air raid shelter, a charge denied by the US.
    (AP, 2/14/01)
1991        Feb 14, The Iraqi weapons depot at Ukhaydir was bombed. Iraqi authorities revealed to US authorities in 1996 that the site stored hundreds of rockets filled with mustard gas and nerve gas.
    (SFC, 7/30/97, p.A3)

1992        Feb 14, American speed skater Bonnie Blair won her second gold medal of the Albertville Olympics, in the 1,000 meters event.
    (AP, 2/14/02)
1992        Feb 14, The former Soviet republics of Ukraine, Moldova and Azerbaijan rejected a proposal for a unified army, sharply rebuffing Russian President Boris N. Yeltsin.
    (AP, 2/14/02)

1993        Feb 14, The body of James Bulger, a 2-year-old boy who had been lured away from his mother in a Liverpool, England, shopping mall two days earlier, was found along a stretch of railroad track. Two boys (10), Robert Thompson and Jon Venables, were later convicted of murdering James; they spent eight years in detention before being paroled.
    (AP, 2/14/03)

1994        Feb 14, President Clinton used his first annual economic report to proclaim his policies had put the country on track for rising prosperity for years to come.
    (AP, 2/14/99)
1994        Feb 14, At the Winter Olympics in Norway, speedskater Dan Jansen slipped and fell during the 500 meters race.
    (AP, 2/14/99)
1994        Feb 14, Andrei Tsjikatilo, [Rostov Ripper], Russian mass murderer, was executed.
    (http://andrei-chikatilo.iqnaut.net/)

1995        Feb 14, The best-seller "Rules: Time-Tested Secrets for Making Your Marriage Work" by Ellen Fein and Sherrie Schneider was first released. The dating strategy expanded to "Rules III" in 2001 despite divorce plans by Ellen Fein.
    (WSJ, 3/23/00, p.B1)
1995        Feb 14, The House passed the centerpiece of the Republican anti-crime package, voting to create block grants for local governments while eliminating President Clinton's program to hire more police. The president later vetoed a spending authorization bill containing this provision.
    (AP, 2/14/00)
1995        Feb 14, A federal judge rejected the Justice Department's proposed antitrust settlement with Microsoft Corporation; U.S. District Judge Stanley Sporkin was later overruled by an appeals court.
    (AP, 2/14/00)
1995        Feb 14, Nigel Finch, British filmmaker, died. he had just finished shooting his film "Stonewall." The film was completed by Christine Vachon.
    (SFEC, 7/21/96, DB p.32)
1995        Feb 14, Michael Vincent Gazzo (b.1923), US actor, playwright (Godfather 2), died.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0311155/)

1996        Feb 14, Texas Senator Phil Gramm bowed out of the race for the Republican presidential nomination following his poor showings in the Louisiana and Iowa caucuses.
    (AP, 2/14/01)
1996        Feb 14, In Michigan the newspapers unions in Detroit offered to return to work (on strike since July 1995). The newspapers accepted the offer 5 days later but vowed to retain some 1200 replacement workers. A 1997 ruling ordered as many as 1,100 former strikers reinstated.
    (SFC, 6/21/97, p.A4)
1996        Feb 14, Eva Hart (90), Titanic survivor, died.
    (www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/biography/441/)
1996        Feb 14, A failed Loral Intelsat satellite launch caused a rocket to hit a village near the Xichang Space Center in China’s southwest Sichuan province. China acknowledged 6 deaths. US intelligence estimated the death toll at 200. The rocket was a new-generation Long March 3B. The satellite was intended for TV shows in Latin America for Rupert Murdoch’s News Corp.
    (WSJ, 2/16/96, p.A-1)(WSJ, 3/4/96, p. A-6)(SFC, 6/15/98, p.A5)
1996        Feb 14, In Sri Lanka a Tiger arms ship was sunk of the northeastern coast.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1997        Feb 14, American Airlines and its pilots union continued contract talks as the clock ticked down to a midnight strike deadline. The pilots did strike, but President Clinton immediately intervened, ordering a 60-day "cooling off" period.
    (AP, 2/14/98)
1997        Feb 14, In Burma some 3,000 Karen refugees have fled into Thailand to escape fighting. The Karen National Union has been fighting for autonomy since 1948. Thailand said 16,000 Karens were crossing over its border.
    (SFC, 2/15/97, p.A10)(WSJ, 2/14/97, p.A1)
1997        Feb 14, In Cambodia Khmer Rouge guerrillas killed all but three government officials sent to make peace.
    (SFC, 4/12/97, p.A12)
1997        Jan 14, In China the China Agribusiness Development Trust and Investment Corp. (CADTIC), set up in 1988 to channel domestic and foreign funds into the agricultural sector, was closed with reports of being involved in smuggling, tax evasion and ruinous real estate speculation.
    (SFC, 2/17/97, p.B3)
1997        Feb 14, In Egypt Muslim militants slew 9 Copts.
    (SFC, 3/31/97, p.A9)

1998        Feb 14, The rock musical "Hedwig and the Angry Inch" opened off Broadway at the Jane Street Theater. It was written by John Cameron Mitchell.
    (SFC, 11/20/02, p.D1)
1998        Feb 14, Authorities officially declared Eric Rudolph a suspect in the bombing of a Birmingham, Ala., abortion clinic and offered a $100,000 reward.
    (AP, 2/14/03)
1998        Feb 14, Hansel Mieth, photojournalist, died in Santa Rosa at age 88. She and her husband Otto Hagel began taking photographs in the farmlands and labor camps of California in the 1930s.
    (SFC, 2/17/98, p.B8)
1998        Feb 14, In India the Tamil Nadu election campaign ended with bombings and riots in Coimbatore. Some 13 bombs in 11 places took 46 lives.
    (SFC, 2/16/98, p.A11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1998_Coimbatore_bombings)
1998        Feb 14, Russia's Ilya Kulik won the men's figure skating gold medal at the Nagano Olympics.
    (AP, 2/14/99)
1998        Feb 14, In Britain Lord Granville of Eye, the oldest member of the British Parliament, died at age 102. He fought in WW I at Gallipoli and entered Parliament in 1929.
    (SFC, 2/18/98, p.A18)
1998        Feb 14, In Cameroon a train hauling oil tanker cars derailed and collided with an oncoming train outside Yaounde. It exploded and killed up to 100 people.
    (SFEC, 2/15/98, p.A24)

1999        Feb 14, Pres. Clinton, accompanied by his wife, Hillary,  traveled to Merida, Mexico, for talks with Pres. Ernesto Zedillo to encourage the struggle against narcotics and government corruption, and to grow markets for U.S. products.
    (SFC, 2/15/99, p.A8)(AP, 2/14/00)
1999        Feb 14, John D. Ehrlichman, President Nixon's domestic affairs adviser imprisoned for his role in the Watergate cover-up that ultimately led to Nixon's resignation, died in Atlanta at age 73. He wrote at least 4 novels and the memoir "Witness to Power: The Nixon Years."
    (SFC, 2/15/99, p.A18)(AP, 2/14/00)   
1999        Feb 14, In Argentina a blackout began in south and central Buenos Aires. At the height of the outage some 500,000 people were without power.
    (SFC, 2/23/99, p.A9)
1999        Feb 14, Eritrea shot down an Mi-24 Ethiopian helicopter gunship at Bure and the crew was killed. Eritrea said that 16 civilians had been killed by Ethiopian aircraft since Feb 6.
    (SFC, 2/15/99, p.A9)
1999        Feb 14, In Hungary the death toll from the Feb 10 snow storm reached 19 and army helicopters were used to drop food snow-bound villages.
    (SFC, 2/15/99, p.A10)
1999        Feb 14, In Indonesia Megawati Sukarnoputri officially introduced the PDI Struggle Party for her presidential bid in the Jun 7 elections. On Haruku and Saparua Islands in Maluku province at least 20 people were killed in rioting as troops dispersed gangs of Muslims and Christians.
    (SFC, 2/15/99, p.A10)(WSJ, 2/16/99, p.A1)
1999        Feb 14, Iraq said that air attacks had killed 5 people and wounded 22 and threatened Kuwait and Saudi Arabia with missile attacks for permitting US warplanes to fly from their countries.
    (SFC, 2/15/99, p.C2)
1999        Feb 14, In Israel some 250,000 ultra-Orthodox Jews gathered to protest the supreme court's supposed anti-religious judicial "tyranny." Some 50,000 gathered for a counter rally.
    (SFC, 2/15/99, p.A9)
1999        Feb 14, In Kosovo a bomb explosion in Urosevac wounded at least 9 people. Serbian police rounded up about 40 independence activist Albanians.
    (SFC, 2/15/99, p.A8)
1999        Feb 14, In Rambouillet, France, Madeline Albright brought together the Serb and Albanian sides in the Kosovo peace talks and the talks were extended one week. The plan for a 3-year interim settlement included a NATO force of some 25,000 troops, who would collect the weapons of the Albanian rebels. In the plan the KLA was given 120 days to surrender its arms.
    (SFC, 2/15/99, p.A8)(WSJ, 6/16/99, p.A20)
1999        Feb 14, In Uganda 2 bombs exploded in Kampala bars and 5 people were killed and 35 injured.
    (WSJ, 2/16/99, p.A1)

2000        Feb 14, The Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR) spacecraft began its orbit around the asteroid Eros.
    (SFC, 2/14/00, p.A10)
2000        Feb 14, In Colorado 2 teens, Nicholas Kunselman (15) and Stephanie Hart (16), from Columbine High School were shot and killed in a sandwich shop near the school, which was still reeling from the April 1999 massacre.
    (SFC, 2/15/00, p.A3)(AP, 2/14/01)   
2000        In Georgia 3 tornadoes struck the southwest part of the state and 22 people were killed.
    (SFC, 2/15/00, p.A1)(AP, 2/14/01)
2000        Feb 14, In Afghanistan 73 passengers from the hijacked jet returned home, while 74 remained in Britain seeking asylum. The passengers reported that 9 men had taken over their flight and appeared to be relatives of many passengers.
    (SFC, 2/15/00, p.A12)(WSJ, 2/16/00, p.A1)
2000        Feb 14, In Chechnya Russian commanders ordered Grozny sealed and its population evacuated in order to clear bombs and booby-traps. Oleg Blotsky, a Russian journalist, made a video tape of dead Chechens at Roshni-Chu and Urus-Martan. The video was given to N24, a German TV station, and broadcast on Feb 25.
    (SF, 2/15/00, p.A12)(SFC, 2/26/00, p.A10)
2000        Feb 14, The EU lifted a ban on flights to Yugoslavia but tightened travel restrictions on officials close to the Milosevic regime.
    (WSJ, 2/15/00, p.A1)
2000        Feb 14, In Russia 7 mountain climbers, including 3 Britons, were reported killed in an avalanche in the Caucasus Elbrus Range near the Georgia border.
    (SFC, 2/17/00, p.D3)
2000        Feb 14, In Turkey 8 people were killed in 2 clashes between Hezbollah and police.
    (SFC, 2/15/00, p.A16)

2001        Feb 14, The Kansas Board of Education approved new science standards restoring evolution to the state's curriculum.
    (AP, 2/14/02)
2001        Feb 14, In Afghanistan the Taliban confirmed that opposition troops had captured Bamiyan.
    (SFC, 2/15/01, p.A16)
2001        Feb 14, Khalil Abu Olbeh (35), a Palestinian bus driver, drove his bus into a group of Israelis in Tel Aviv and killed 8 people. The dead included 3 male and 4 female soldiers and 1 civilian woman. Olbeh, was later sentenced to eight life terms.
    (SFC, 2/14/01, p.A14)(SFC, 2/15/01, p.A12)(AP, 2/14/02)
2001        Feb 14, In Chechnya rebels opened fire on Russian positions and 12 Russian soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 2/15/01, p.A16)

2002        Feb 14, Pres. Bush proposed an environmental plan that would encourage businesses to cut pollution and develop more energy-efficient technology.
    (SFC, 2/15/02, p.A5)
2002        Feb 14, The US House voted to ban unregulated contributions to national political parties.
    (AP, 2/14/03)   
2002        Feb 14, Sharon Watkins, Enron Vice President, testified that Jeffrey Skilling was behind the accounting that led to the company’s bankruptcy and that CEO Kenneth Lay was probably duped by his executives and was unaware of the depth of Enron’s problems. Watkins told a House subcommittee it was common knowledge at the company that partnerships were used improperly to hide debt and inflate profits.
    (SFC, 2/15/02, p.A1)(AP, 2/14/03)
2002        Feb 14, The 168th annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science opened in Boston with a bleak assessment of planet health and a call for conservation of resources.
    (SFC, 2/15/02, p.A3)
2002        Feb 14, It was reported that scientists at NIH had developed the 1st vaccine effective against staph bacteria.
    (SFC, 2/14/02, p.A4)
2002        Feb 14, Jayson Williams (34), former NBA star and NBC Sports commentator, accidentally shot and killed Costas Christofi (55), a limousine driver. Williams turned himself in Feb 25. In 2003 Williams paid the Christofi family more than $2 million to settle a wrongful death lawsuit. On Jan 11, 2010, Williams pleaded guilty to aggravated assault and was expected serve at least 18 months in prison for accidentally killing Christofi in his bedroom.
    (SFC, 2/26/02, p.A3)(AP, 1/11/10)
2002        Feb 14, J. Desmond Clark, UC Berkeley professor emeritus of anthropology, died in Oakland at age 85. His work included over 18 books including "the Pre-history of Africa" (1970).
    (SFC, 2/16/02, p.A25)
2002        Feb 14, In Bahrain Sheikh Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa declared himself king and approved plans for a constitutional monarchy. Parliamentary elections were scheduled for October and municipal elections in May. Women were to be allowed to vote and stand as candidates for the 1st time. Foreigners would be allowed to vote under certain conditions.
    (SFC, 2/15/02, p.A10)(WSJ, 2/15/02, p.A14)
2002        Feb 14, In China 41 foreigners were arrested and later expelled following pro Falun Gong demonstrations on Tiananmen Square.
    (SFC, 2/16/02, p.A14)
2002        Feb 14, In Kabul, Afghanistan, Abdul Rahman, the Air Transportation Minister, was reported killed by a mob of Muslim pilgrims at Kabul Airport seeking transport to Mecca. Hamid Karzai later said senior officials were responsible and blamed the killing on a personal vendetta. Gen. Tawhidi and Gen. Beg were among the accused. Foreign Minister Abdullah Abdullah later said the attack was not premeditated.
    (SFC, 2/15/02, p.A20)(SFC, 2/16/02, p.A3)(SFC, 2/21/02, p.A16)
2002        Feb 14, In the Netherlands Slobodan Milosevic spoke on his own behalf on the 3rd day of his trial. He denied all blame for a decade of carnage in the Balkans and displayed pictures of victims of NATO air raids. Milosevic justified his actions as a "struggle against terrorism" and said he was a victim of twisted facts and "terrible fabrication."
    (SFC, 2/15/02, p.A8)(AP, 2/14/03)
2002        Feb 14, In the Netherlands the Int’l. Court of Justice cited diplomatic immunity and ruled that Belgium cannot try former and current world leaders. Belgium adopted a law in 1993 that empowered judges to hear war crimes and genocide cases regardless of where the alleged crimes occurred or who committed them.
    (SFC, 2/15/02, p.A8)
2002        Feb 14, Militant Palestinians attacked an Israeli tank in the Gaza Strip and 3 soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 2/15/02, p.A10)
2002        Feb 14, Palestinian Abu Zubaydah (30) was identified as the new chief of operations for al Qaeda and was believed to be organizing al Qaeda remnants for new attacks against the US.
    (SFC, 2/14/02, p.A10)

2003        Feb 14, Dolly (b.1996), the world's 1st clone sheep and mother of 6 lambs, was put to sleep by veterinarians in Scotland after they failed to cure her of a severe lung infection.
    (AP, 2/15/03)(SFC, 2/15/03, p.A2)
2003        Feb 14, In Brazil police found the bullet-riddled bodies of six men in the back seat and trunk of a car parked near a Rio de Janeiro slum.
    (AP, 2/14/03)
2003        Feb 14, In Colombia a massive explosion rocked the southern city of Neiva as police searched a house for explosives. 15 people died and about 30 were wounded.
    (AP, 2/14/03)
2003        Feb 14, Saddam Hussein banned all weapons of mass destruction from Iraq, meeting a long time UN demand.
    (AP, 2/14/03)
2003        Feb 14, Major powers rebuffed the United States in the U.N. Security Council and insisted on more time for weapons inspections in Iraq. Earlier, chief U.N. weapons inspector Hans Blix told the Council his teams had not found any weapons of mass destruction in Iraq.
    (SFC, 2/15/03, p.A1)(AP, 2/14/04)
2003        Feb 14,  President Kim Dae-jung said South Korea's government helped arrange a $200 million payment to North Korea before a summit in 2000.
    (AP, 2/14/03)
2003        Feb 14, Popocatepetl volcano southeast of Mexico City erupted but caused no significant damage.
    (AP, 2/14/03)
2003        Feb 14, Russian lawmakers were expected to pass bills paving the way for the break-up of its electricity monopoly, the Unified Energy System (RAO).
    (WSJ, 2/13/03, p.A10)
2003        Feb 14, A Thai court ruled to extradite Florida millionaire James Vincent Sullivan (61), wanted in the US for the 1987 murder of his socialite wife. He was accused of paying another man $25,000 to kill Lita McClinton Sullivan to avoid losing property in a divorce. In 2006 he was convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 2/15/03)(AP, 3/14/06)
2003        Feb 14, Trinidad and Tobago legislators elected Maxwell Richards, a former university dean who claims he is "not in anyone's back pocket" to be the new president.
    (AP, 2/14/03)
2003        Feb 14, In Zimbabwe 2 Valentine's Day peace parades by women clutching roses and singing hymns were broken up by baton-wielding police who arrested at least 88 people as well as eight journalists.
    (AP, 2/14/03)

2004        Feb 14, It was reported that the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation had donated $82.9 million to the Areas Global TB Vaccine Foundation for the development of a tuberculosis vaccine.
    (SFC, 2/13/04, p.A3)
2004        Feb 14, China executed Yang Xinhua (38), a man convicted of murdering 67 people, in what media said might be the country's longest killing spree in modern history. Yang was convicted of 67 killings and 23 rapes in Henan and three other provinces. His crime spree began in 2001 following release from a labor camp and ended with his capture in November.
    (AP, 2/14/04)
2004        Feb 14, In France thousands of people marched to protest a law banning the Islamic coverings and other religious apparel in public schools.
    (AP, 2/14/04)
2004        Feb 14, In Iraq guerrillas launched a bold daylight assault on an Iraqi police station and security compound west of Baghdad, freeing prisoners and sparking a gunbattle that killed 23 people and wounded 33.
    (SSFC, 2/15/04, p.A1)(AP, 2/14/05)
2004        Feb 14, In Moscow, Russia, an indoor water park roof collapsed, killing 28 people and injuring more than 100.
    (AP, 2/15/04)(AP, 2/14/05)
2004        Feb 14, In northern Pakistan two strong earthquakes triggered landslides and toppled walls that killed at least 24 people and injured about 30 others.
    (AP, 2/15/04)(AP, 2/16/04)
2004        Feb 14, In Uganda a tanker truck carrying diesel fuel collided with a packed minibus and burst into flames, killing at least 32 people.
    (AP, 2/15/04)

2005        Feb 14, President Bush said he would nominate Lester M. Crawford as head of the Food and Drug Administration. Crawford had been acting commissioner for nearly a year.
    (AP, 2/14/06)
2005        Feb 14, President Bush asked Congress for an estimated $82 billion in additional funds to cover the costs of continuing military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.
    (WSJ, 2/15/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 14, Verizon Communications decided to buy MCI Inc. in a $6.75 billion deal. The offer was increased in May to $26 per share, or $8.44 billion.
    (WSJ, 2/15/05, p.C1)(WSJ, 5/3/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 14, Newfoundland Premier Danny Williams and Canada’s PM Paul Martin presided over the signing of a multibillion-dollar deal that sets out new revenue-sharing rules for the province's offshore energy industry.
    (AP, 2/14/05)
2005        Feb 14, A gas explosion in China's northeast Sunjiawan mine killed 214 people in the deadliest mining disaster reported since communist rule began in 1949.
    (AP, 2/15/05)(AP, 2/14/06)
2005        Feb 14, The UN atomic monitoring agency said Egypt's nuclear experiments were small, basic and do not appear part of an attempt to make weapons, praising Cairo's cooperation with an investigation of the country's now mothballed clandestine activities.
    (AP, 2/14/05)
2005        Feb 14, In Iran a mosque fire killed 59 people and injured another 350. it was blamed on a kerosene heater that was placed too close to a thick curtain that separated male and female worshippers.
    (AP, 2/15/05)
2005        Feb 14, A roadside bomb killed three Iraqi National Guard troops. Insurgents blew up an oil pipeline near Kirkuk and killed two senior police officers in Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/14/05)
2005        Feb 14, In western Japan a man carrying a knife burst into a public elementary school and stabbed at least 3 adults. Kyodo News reported that one of the victims died.
    (AP, 2/14/05)
2005        Feb 14, In Beirut, Lebanon, Rafik Hariri (60) was killed in a massive bomb explosion that tore through his motorcade. The billionaire helped rebuild his country after decades of war but resigned as PM last fall after a sharp dispute with Syria. 22 other people were killed and 100 wounded in a blast that devastated the front of the famous St. George Hotel. An Islamist group calling itself the Victory and Jihad Organization in the Levant claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 2/14/05)(WSJ, 2/15/05, p.A3)(Econ, 10/29/05, p.45)
2005        Feb 14, Brazil and Venezuela signed 25 accords dealing with energy and economic cooperation, including the joint development of the Mariscal Sucre offshore natural gas project.
    (WSJ, 2/15/05, p.A16)
2005        Feb 14, Three bombs jolted Manila and two other Philippine cities, killing at least 12 people and wounding more than 100 others. The Muslim extremist group Abu Sayyaf claimed responsibility for the blasts.
    (AP, 2/14/05)(Econ, 2/19/05, p.41)
2005        Feb 14, Togo police in riot gear faced off with crowds who blocked roads and intimidated residents during a general strike to protest the army's installation of Faure Gnassingbe to succeed his late father as president.
    (AP, 2/14/05)

2006        Feb 14, The Bush administration announced it will step up enforcement of US trade laws governing China, following a top-to-bottom review of America's trading relationship with the Asian giant.
    (AP, 2/14/06)
2006        Feb 14, The NY Times reported that the US and Israel are considering a campaign to starve the Palestinian Authority of cash so Palestinians would grow disillusioned with their incoming militant Hamas rulers and return ousted Fatah moderates to power.
    (AP, 2/14/06)
2006        Feb 14, In Texas lawyer Harry Whittington, who was accidentally injured 3 days earlier by birdshot fired by VP Cheney, suffered a minor heart attack.
    (SFC, 2/15/06, p.A1)
2006        Feb 14, Pharmaceutical maker AstraZeneca PLC said that it has decided to withdraw its controversial anticoagulant Exanta from the market and terminate its development because of links to liver injury.
    (AP, 2/14/06)
2006        Feb 14, Sanyo and Nokia announced they will set up a joint venture to make advanced cell phones, underlining the ambitions of the Japanese and Finnish manufacturers to grow globally in the competitive mobile market.
    (AP, 2/14/06)
2006        Feb 14, The UNHCR said the floods last week left more than 50,000 Sahrawi refugees homeless, destroying up to half of the mud-brick houses in their camps of Awserd, Smara and Laayoune in the Tindouf region of western Algeria. Tents, blankets and other emergency aid were being rushed to the camps in the Algerian Sahara hit by rare torrential rains.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 14, Two Australians were sentenced to death by firing squad for leading a drug smuggling ring on Indonesia's resort island of Bali, verdicts that could strain ties between the countries. Andrew Chan (22) and Myuran Sukumaran (24) had masterminded the trafficking of 18 pounds of heroin to their homeland.
    (AP, 2/14/06)
2006        Feb 14, In Porto Alegre, Brazil, leaders and envoys from across Christianity opened their most ambitious gathering in nearly a decade with a host of troubles on their agenda, from the faith's many internal rifts to easing discord with Islam, even as it deepens over cartoons depicting the Prophet Muhammad.
    (AP, 2/14/06)
2006        Feb 14, Britain's lower house of Parliament voted to ban smoking in all public places in England, including pubs, both public and private.
    (AP, 2/14/06)
2006        Feb 14, In southern China toxic wastewater was flushed untreated into a river, prompting the government to cut water supplies to 28,000 people in Guanyin for at least four days. A power plant on the upper reaches of the Yuexi River in Sichuan province was to blame for the pollution.
    (AP, 2/20/06)
2006        Feb 14, The Egyptian parliament approved the two-year postponement of municipal polls despite objections from opposition Islamists and the US. President Hosni Mubarak issued a decree last week calling for the delay of the elections which was passed by parliament's upper chamber on Feb 12 and approved this day in two readings by the lower chamber.
    (AFP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 14, The UN said 13 Eritreans employed by the UN peacekeeping mission in Eritrea have been detained by local authorities and another 30 are in hiding for fear of being arrested.
    (AP, 2/14/06)
2006        Feb 14, Iran said it had resumed uranium enrichment; Russia and France immediately called on Iran to halt its work.
    (AP, 2/14/07)
2006        Feb 14, Gunmen attacked a group of Iraqi Shiites working on a farm north of Baghdad, killing 11 and wounding two. A roadside bomb killed a US Marine in western Baghdad in one of two attacks that also wounded six coalition military personnel.
    (AP, 2/14/06)
2006        Feb 14, An Israeli court sentenced the eldest son of ailing PM Ariel Sharon to 9 months in jail after he pleaded guilty to illegally raising funds for one of his father's political campaigns.
    (AP, 2/14/06)
2006        Feb 14, At Turin, American Ted Ligety won Olympic gold in men's combined skiing, while Bode Miller was disqualified for straddling a gate.
    (AP, 2/14/07)
2006        Feb 14, The UN asked Lebanon to explain reports of arms shipments crossing the Syrian border destined for the Lebanese guerrilla group Hezbollah.
    (AP, 2/14/06)
2006        Feb 14, In Nuevo Laredo, Mexico, armed men forced their way into a hospital and killed a teenager under treatment for an earlier attempt on his life.
    (SFC, 2/18/06, p.A10)
2006        Feb 14, Bilal Lamrani (21), a Dutch Muslim, was sentenced to three years in prison for plotting murder and attempting to recruit prison inmates to carry out terrorist attacks.
    (AP, 2/14/06)
2006        Feb 14, In Pakistan thousands of protesters rampaged through Islamabad and Lahore, storming into a diplomatic district and torching Western businesses and a provincial assembly in Pakistan's worst violence against the Prophet Muhammad drawings. At least two people were killed and 11 injured.
    (AP, 2/14/06)
2006        Feb 14, A senior Russian official said Russia will not pay more to base its Black Sea Fleet in a Ukrainian port, rebuffing Ukrainian demands and setting the stage for the latest dispute between the ex-Soviet neighbors.
    (AP, 2/14/06)
2006        Feb 14, Darfur rebels said they had shot down a government helicopter and captured the only surviving crew member, named as Captain Muawiya Zubeir.
    (AP, 2/14/06)
2006        Feb 14, Zimbabwe police arrested at least 60 women who took part in a march with a Valentine's Day theme calling for love and harmony and protesting food shortages and alleged human rights violations.
    (CP, 2/14/06)

2007        Feb 14, Challenged on the accuracy of US intelligence, President Bush told a news conference there was no doubt the Iranian government was providing armor-piercing weapons to kill American soldiers in Iraq, and he said he would fight any attempt by the Democratic-controlled Congress to cut off money for the war.
    (AP, 2/14/08)
2007        Feb 14, Former New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani, acclaimed for his leadership after the September 11 attacks, confirmed he is running for US president in 2008, eliminating any lingering doubt about his candidacy.
    (Reuters, 2/15/07)
2007        Feb 14, The Milton Friedman Foundation said each high school dropout costs Texas $3,168 a year in lost revenue, plus Medicaid and prison expenses.
    (WSJ, 2/15/07, p.A1)
2007        Feb 14, Sleet stung the faces of pedestrians in New York and snow and ice coated windshields and streets as a Valentine's Day blizzard roared out of the Midwest and shut down parts of the Northeast.
    (AP, 2/14/07)
2007        Feb 14, ConAgra recalled all Peter Pan and Great Value peanut butter made at a Georgia plant because of a salmonella outbreak.
    (AP, 2/14/08)
2007        Feb 14, German-US auto giant DaimlerChrysler said it planned to axe 13,000 jobs at its loss-making Chrysler subsidiary as part of a broad restructuring plan aimed at returning the US unit to profitability by 2009. The bulk of the job losses will affect union workers, with 9,000 hourly jobs eliminated in the United States and 2,000 in Canada.
    (AP, 2/14/07)
2007        Feb 14, NATO officials said warplanes struck a Taliban compound in southern Afghanistan with "precision munitions," killing an area commander and about 10 of his men. Villagers said the raid in the southern province of Helmand also killed civilians. NATO said Taliban fighters used children as human shields to flee heavy fighting this week during an operation by foreign and Afghan forces to clear rebels from around a key hydro-electric dam. In eastern Afghanistan US-led troops killed a suspected militant and detained 6 others, including one with alleged links to fugitive Taliban leader Mullah Omar.
    (AFP, 2/14/07)(Reuters, 2/14/07)(AP, 2/16/07)
2007        Feb 14, Brazil’s President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva and Bolivian President Evo Morales reached a deal late on how much Brazil will pay for Bolivian natural gas, apparently resolving an issue that has deeply divided the neighboring nations for a year.
    (AP, 2/14/07)
2007        Feb 14, In Brazil violence cast a shadow over Rio's famed Carnival when gunmen killed Guaracy Paes Falcao (42), a leader of one of the premiere samba band groups. Falcao was with an unidentified woman who was also shot dead.
    (AP, 2/14/07)
2007        Feb 14, In Ethiopia US former president Jimmy Carter announced distribution of thousands of insecticide-treated mosquito nets, in a drive that could save up to 100,000 lives annually.
    (AFP, 2/14/07)
2007        Feb 14, The European Parliament approved a controversial report accusing Britain, Germany, Italy and other European nations of turning a blind eye to CIA flights transporting terrorism suspects to secret prisons in an apparent breach of EU human rights standards.
    (AP, 2/14/07)
2007        Feb 14, Deutsche Boerse, operator of the Frankfurt stock exchange, said it has agreed to buy five percent of the Mumbai stock exchange for 42.7 million dollars (32.8 million euros).
    (AFP, 2/14/07)
2007        Feb 14, A car loaded with explosives blew up near a bus carrying members of Iran's elite Revolutionary Guards in southeastern Iran, killing 11 of them and wounding 31. An al-Qaida-linked Sunni militant group reportedly claimed responsibility. Within a week Nasrollah Shanbe Zehi was convicted and executed for the bombing.
    (AP, 2/14/07)(SFC, 2/20/07, p.A3)
2007        Feb 14, The Iraqi government formally launched a long-awaited security crackdown in Baghdad. A parked car bomb struck a predominantly Shiite district elsewhere in central Baghdad, killing four civilians and wounding 10. In Mosul a suicide car bomber targeted an Iraqi army patrol, killing one soldier and four civilians and wounding 20 other people.
    (AP, 2/14/07)
2007        Feb 14, Mexican immigration agents allegedly locked 10 Guatemalan and two Salvadoran migrants in a trailer after they refused to pay a bribe against of $110 each. In late 2008 the country's National Human Rights Commission called for a government investigation.
    (AP, 12/31/08)
2007        Feb 14, Serbia's parliament overwhelmingly rejected a UN plan that would give virtual independence to the breakaway province of Kosovo.
    (AP, 2/14/07)
2007        Feb 14, In Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, a conference of Anglican leaders opened as the 77 million-member church struggled with a potentially disastrous fight over the Bible and sexuality.
    (AP, 2/14/07)
2007        Feb 14, Gurbanguli Berdymukhamedov, Turkmenistan's new president, took office a few minutes after the head of the central elections commission announced he had won Sunday's election with nearly 90 percent of the vote. He pledged to follow the ways of longtime autocrat Saparmurat Niyazov, but also promised changes in a country ruled for decades in an all-encompassing cult of personality. He also promised "development of private ownership and entrepreneurship," educational reforms, and more doctors and hospitals.
    (AP, 2/14/07)
2007        Feb 14, UNICEF issued report on child well-being. Of 21 OECD countries the US and Britain ranked at the bottom.
    (www.tsunamigeneration.org/media/media_38299.html)(Econ, 2/17/07, p.57)

2008        Feb 14, The US Mint officially issued the Monroe dollar coin, the 5th of its presidential dollar series.
    (WSJ, 12/27/07, p.D6)
2008        Feb 14, New Mexico announced that Hillary Clinton won the Feb 5 Democratic caucus giving her 14 delegates to 12 for Obama.
    (SFC, 2/15/08, p.A3)
2008        Feb 14, In DeKalb, Illinois, former student Steven Kazmierczak (27) killed six people at Northern Illinois University before committing suicide. 15 people were wounded.
    (AP, 2/15/08)
2008        Feb 14, Boeing and India's Tata Industries announced an agreement to set up a joint venture company to handle an initial 500 million dollars of defense-related aerospace component work in India.
    (AFP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 14, Angola extradited Henry Okah, the alleged leader of Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND), to Nigeria.
    (AP, 2/15/08)
2008        Feb 14, Brazil flew 50,000 doses of yellow fever vaccine to Paraguay following an outbreak there, the first in 34 years.
    (SFC, 2/15/08, p.A4)
2008        Feb 14, In London the price of platinum soared past 2,000 dollars an ounce to a record as power shortages affected mining production in South Africa, the biggest supplier of the white precious metal.
    (AP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 14, Chad's Pres. Idriss Deby declared a state of emergency and signed a decree increasing government powers for 15 days.
    (SFC, 2/15/08, p.A12)
2008        Feb 14, The European Commission gave the green light for a 170 million euro ($248 million) grant to build a gas-fired power plant in Lithuania by an agency run by the
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
    (Reuters, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 14, An Iraqi police officer in Salahuddin province said that a house in Zab belonging to a Sunni Arab and tribal leader was bombarded in a US air strike, and that six family members died. A US military account said troops returned fire from insurgents, killing two and then called in air support, which killed another four militants.
    (AP, 2/15/08)(SFC, 2/16/08, p.A6)
2008        Feb 14, A UN spokesman said political rivals trying to lead Kenya out of weeks of violence signed an agreement, but no details were released and the talks were to continue next week.
    (AP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 14, Serbia's government proclaimed that any unilateral act by Kosovo's ethnic Albanian leadership to declare independence would be invalid and illegal.
    (AP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 14, The chief of Hezbollah vowed to retaliate against Israeli targets anywhere in the world after accusing the Jewish state of killing the militant Imad Mughniyeh in Syria.
    (AP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 14, A leading human rights group appealed to Saudi Arabia's King Abdullah to stop the execution of a woman accused of witchcraft and performing supernatural acts.
    (AP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 14, In Switzerland UBS AG posted a 4th-quarter net loss of $11.28 billion, and a loss for the entire year, besieged by investments in US subprime mortgages. Chairman Marcel Ospel announced his resignation on Feb 27.
    (AP, 2/14/08)(Econ, 4/5/08, p.72)
2008        Feb 14, In Thailand General Secretary Mahn Sha (64), leader of the Karen National Union (KNU), was shot and killed at his home in Mae Sot by three men who arrived in a pickup truck. The KNU is one of the biggest ethnic groups fighting Myanmar's military government. Initial investigations showed that the assailants were also Karen.
    (AP, 2/14/08)
2008        Feb 14, Zimbabwe's inflation rate, already the highest in the world, soared to a new high of 66,212.3%.
    (AFP, 2/14/08)

2009        Feb 14, In Alabama suspicious fires destroyed 2 churches and damaged a third near the Georgia border.
    (SFC, 2/18/09, p.A6)
2009        Feb 14, In Canandaigua, New York, Kimberly and Christopher Glatz were killed at their home. Mary Silliman (23) was slain along with Randall Norman (41) a motorist who intervened when he saw her being roughed up in the parking lot in a pre-dawn attack outside Lakeside Memorial Hospital in Brockport. In August Frank Garcia, a nursing supervisor, was convicted of the Glatz killings and faced another trial for the Brockport killings. On Sep 1 Garcia was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 8/14/09, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/myhxsv)(SFC, 9/2/09, p.A8)
2009        Feb 14, Louie Bellson (b.1924), big band and jazz drummer, died. The master musician performed with such greats as Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Benny Goodman and his late wife, Pearl Bailey.
    (AP, 2/17/09)
2009        Feb 14, US envoy Richard Holbrooke met Afghan President Hamid Karzai as part of Washington's push to step up efforts against extremism. The Afghan leader admitted to tensions with its US ally. Marine Sgt. Daniel Hansen was killed while supporting combat operations in Farah province.
    (AP, 2/14/09)(SFC, 2/19/09, p.B4)
2009        Feb 14, Sir Bernard Ashley (82), British businessman, died. He teamed up with his wife to build the Laura Ashley (d.1985) fashion and home furnishing brand into a global business.
    (AP, 2/17/09)
2009        Feb 14, Over 6,000 people have fled the Ndele region of the Central African Republic for a Chadian border village after violence erupted between two ethnic groups, the Runga and the Gulus.
    (AFP, 2/14/09)
2009        Feb 14, China's Pres. Hu Jintao toured the site of a new, Chinese-financed national theater in Senegal, a day after signing a bilateral agreement promising the West African nation over $90 million in gifts and loans.
    (AP, 2/14/09)
2009        Feb 14, Egyptian Foreign Minister Ahmed Abul Gheit held talks with Sudanese President Omar al-Beshir amid reports that the International Criminal Court has decided to issue a warrant for his arrest..
    (AFP, 2/14/09)
2009        Feb 14, In Rome G-7 finance ministers strongly rejected protectionism, pledging to work together to support growth and employment and to strengthen the banking system so the world can overcome its worst financial crisis in 50 years.
    (AP, 2/14/09)
2009        Feb 14, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed two civilians and wounded four others, including a soldier, when it exploded near an Iraqi army patrol in western Mosul.
    (AP, 2/14/09)
2009        Feb 14, Irish authorities learned about an oil spill through surveillance carried out by the European Maritime Safety Agency in Lisbon, Portugal. Irish military aircraft flew over the area and saw the Russian aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov, a Russian oil tanker, and a Russian oceangoing tug near the slick. this was the biggest oil spill in the waters around Ireland in the last ten years.
    (AP, 2/17/09)
2009        Feb 14, Mexico City set a new record as nearly 40,000 people locked lips in the city center for the world's largest group kiss. Gunmen killed a state police officer  Carlos Reyes and 10 members of his family, including five children in the town of Monte Largo, Tabasco state. The shooting also killed a street vendor in front of the house of the officer. In Jalisco state gunmen burst into a restaurant, killing seven people and wounding five, including 3 children.
    (AP, 2/14/09)(AP, 2/15/09)(AP, 2/17/09)
2009        Feb 14, In northwestern Pakistan a suspected US missile strike by a drone aircraft flattened a militant hide-out, killing 27 local and foreign insurgents. Two officials said dozens of followers of Pakistan's top Taliban leader, Baitullah Mehsud, were staying in the housing compound when it was hit.
    (AP, 2/14/09)
2009        Feb 14, Saudi King Abdullah (86), in an apparent bid to reform the religious establishment,  dismissed the head of the feared religious police and a hard-line cleric who issued an edict last year saying it was permissible to kill owners of satellite TV stations that show "immoral" content. King Abdullah also appointed Noura al Fayez as deputy minister of women’s education, the 1st female to hold a ministerial post.
    (AP, 2/14/09)(SSFC, 2/15/09, p.A6)(Econ, 2/21/09, p.48)
2009        Feb 14, In Somalia legislators approved a former leader's son as the country’s new prime minister. Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke faced the task of uniting a fractious government besieged by Islamic insurgents that control most of the country.
    (AP, 2/14/09)
2009        Feb 14, In Sri Lanka a suspected Tamil Tiger rebel hurled a hand grenade at a bus full of war-displaced refugees, killing a woman and wounding 13 others.
    (AP, 2/14/09)

2010        Feb 14, This day marked a new year according to the Chinese calendar, as it moved from the reign of the Ox to the year of the Tiger. The Chinese calendar is thought to have been formulated around 500 BC, though elements of it date back at least to the Shang Dynasty at around 1,000 BC.
    (http://news.yahoo.com/s/livescience/yearofthetigerallaboutthechinesezodiac)
2010        Feb 14, Billionaire Larry Ellison, head of Oracle Corp., and the crew of his trimaran USA-17 won the America’s Cup after winning a 2nd race against Swiss biotech magnate Ernesto Bertarelli in the 39-mile course off Valencia, Spain.
    (SFC, 2/15/10, p.A1)
2010        Feb 14, In Arizona a helicopter crashed north of Phoenix killing 5 people onboard including Thomas Stewart (64), the head of Services Group of America.
    (SFC, 2/16/10, p.A6)
2010        Feb 14, An apartment fire in Cicero, Ill., killed at least 7 people including 4 children. The fire spread to nearby buildings and over 20 people were left homeless. On March 4 landlord Lawrence Myers (60) and handyman Marion Comier (47) were each charged with seven counts of first-degree murder and two counts of aggravated arson.
    (SFC, 2/15/10, p.A9)(www.suntimes.com/news/24-7/2085374,CST-NWS-fire05.article)
2010        Feb 14, Doug Fieger (57), leader of the power pop band The Knack, died in southern California. He sang on the 1979 hit "My Sharona." Fieger, a Detroit-area native, formed The Knack in Los Angeles in 1978.
    (AP, 2/15/10)
2010        Feb 14, John Thorbjarnarson (52), crocodile advocate, died. In 1988 he drew up an action plan to save crocodiles. All 23 species were threatened or declining.
    (Econ, 3/20/10, p.95)
2010        Feb 14, Twelve Afghans, including 6 children, died when two rockets fired at insurgents missed their target and struck a house during the second day of NATO's most ambitious effort yet to break the militants' grip on the country's dangerous south. Thousands of NATO and Afghan troops encountered pockets of resistance, as they moved deeper into Marjah, a town of 80,000 people that is the linchpin of the militants' logistical and opium-smuggling network in Helmand province. Afghan officials said at least 27 insurgents have been killed in the operation. In the south two British service members died, one from small-arms fire and the other from a roadside bomb explosion.
    (AP, 2/14/10)(AP, 2/15/10)
2010        Feb 14, British documentary filmmaker Paul Martin (55) was detained at a Gaza military tribunal where he was to testify on behalf of a local man accused of collaborating with Israel. Hamas officials said that he would detained for 15 days. Martin was released on March 11.
    (AP, 2/15/10)(AP, 3/11/10)
2010        Feb 14, British author Dick Francis (b.1920), a former jockey whose thrillers rode high in best-selling lists for decades, died at his Caribbean home in Grand Cayman. His first book was a 1957 autobiography titled “The sport of Queens.” His first novel, “Dead Cert,” came out in 1962 and was followed by 41 more.
    (AFP, 2/14/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Francis)(SFC, 2/15/10, p.C3)
2010        Feb 14, In Canada Alexandre Bilodeau, skiing under huge pressure, finally won Canada's first Olympic gold on Cypress Mountain when he snatched victory in a thrilling finale to the men's freestyle moguls.
    (Reuters, 2/14/10)
2010        Feb 14, Iraqi officials said only one in five candidates accused of being loyalists to Saddam Hussein's regime successfully fought an order banning them from running in the national elections. Armed assailants in Mosul killed Rayan Salem Elias, a Chaldean, outside his home.
    (AP, 2/14/10)(AFP, 2/20/10)
2010        Feb 14, Kuwait's state news agency said the Kuwaiti telecom group Zain has agreed to offload its African assets to India's Bharti Airtel, in a deal valued at $10.7 billion.
    (Reuters, 2/14/10)
2010        Feb 14, In New Zealand Department of Conservation workers found 9 whales dead on Stewart Island's West Ruggedy Beach after they were alerted by a passer-by. Wild seas and strong winds made it impossible to mount a rescue for 19 survivors. Conservation officials were forced to euthanize the animals.
    (AP, 2/15/10)
2010        Feb 14, In Singapore the Resorts Worlds Centosa casino complex opened.
    (Econ, 2/26/11, p.72)(http://tinyurl.com/4ep2owf)
2010        Feb 14, South Korea’s Samsung, the world's second-biggest handset maker, unveiled its first phone to use its own new operating system, called 'bada'.
    (AP, 2/16/10)
2010        Feb 14, Ukraine's election commission proclaimed pro-Russian Victor Yanukovych the official winner of the presidential poll, even as his rival Yulia Tymoshenko vowed to contest the results in court.
    (AFP, 2/14/10)
2010        Feb 14, Venezuelan authorities said they have discovered 28 airplanes on the outskirts of El Sombrero that were presumably being used by drug traffickers. Federal police and National Guard troops took control of the hangar and impounded the planes.
    (AP, 2/14/10)
2010        Feb 14, A Yemeni military helicopter crashed killing at least 10 troops in the north, as the government sought to implement a ceasefire with Shiite rebels in the mountainous area.
    (AFP, 2/14/10)

2011        Feb 14, President Barack Obama unveiled a $3.73 trillion spending blueprint that pledges $1.1 trillion in deficit savings over the next decade through spending cuts and tax increases.
    (AP, 2/14/11)
2011        Feb 14, A senior US official said the US has received requests from Egypt's new government to freeze the assets of officials who worked for ousted Egyptian Pres. Mubarak.
    (AFP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 14, A man-versus-machine showdown on popular US quiz show "Jeopardy!" ended in a tie on the first day of a three-day challenge, when an IBM computer named Watson showed off its knowledge of the Beatles, as well as a few glitches.
    (AP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 14, George Shearing (1919), England-born jazz accordionist and pianist, died in NYC. The first 'George Shearing Quintet', a band with Margie Hyams (vibraphone), Chuck Wayne (guitar), later replaced by Toots Thielemans (billed as John Tillman), John Levy (bass) and Denzil Best (drums) recorded the immensely popular single "September in the Rain" (MGM), which sold over 900,000 copies.
    (SFC, 2/15/11, p.C4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Shearing)
2011        Feb 14, Afghan government prosecutors and police stormed into election commission offices in Kabul to seize control of vote data, accusing the body of not cooperating with a probe into fraud. A suicide bomber blew himself up at the entrance of a Kabul shopping and hotel complex, killing two security guards in the second attack at a site frequented by foreigners and westernized Afghans in less than a month. Officials said 9 employees of Afghanistan's Central Bank and a troubled private bank (Kabul Bank), have been accused of stealing $1.5 million through a fake check scheme. The suspects were arrested two weeks ago.
    (AFP, 2/14/11)(AP, 2/14/11)
2011        Feb 14, Algeria’s Foreign Minister Mourad Medelci said the country’s 19-year-old state of emergency will end within days, brushing off concerns that recent protests in the country could escalate as in Tunisia and Egypt.
    (Reuters, 2/14/11)
2011        Feb 14, Bahrain's security forces fired tear gas and rubber bullets at thousands of anti-government protesters heeding calls to unite in a major rally and bring the Arab reform wave to the Gulf for the first time. Ali Abdulhadi Mushaima (21) died in today's marches.
    (AP, 2/14/11)(AP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 14, In the Democratic Republic of Congo a small plane used to deliver World Food Program aid crashed in Bukavu, killing its Russian pilot and his Congolese co-pilot.
    (AP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 14, In Dagestan a pair of suicide bombers, including a woman, attacked security forces killing 2 officers and wounding 21 others.
    (SFC, 2/15/11, p.A2)
2011        Feb 14, An Ecuadorean judge ruled that Chevron Corp. was responsible for oil contamination in a wide swath of Ecuador's northern jungle. The plaintiffs' attorney says the company was fined $8 billion. The company said that it would appeal, and called the judge's decision "illegitimate and unenforceable."
    (AP, 2/14/11)
2011        Feb 14, Egypt's 470,000-strong military delivered an ultimatum to dozens of committed protesters in Tahrir Square, nerve center of a movement that toppled Hosni Mubarak, to leave and let life return to normal or face arrest. Military rulers called for an end to strikes and protests as thousands of state employees, from ambulance drivers to police and transport workers, demonstrated to demand better pay. Officials said Egypt's stock exchange will remain closed through the end of the week, as a strike by public sector bank workers added to the challenges facing the country since the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 2/14/11)
2011        Feb 14, European ministers in Brussels fought over the best way to combat the debt crisis that has crippled the eurozone over the past year.
    (AP, 2/14/11)
2011        Feb 14, France called on Algeria to allow anti-government protests, inspired by uprisings in Egypt and Tunisia, to take place freely and without violence.
    (AFP, 2/14/11)
2011        Feb 14, A small Honduran commercial airliner crashed near the capital, killing all 14 people aboard. It was carrying two pilots and 12 passengers, including Assistant Secretary for Public Works Rodolfo Rovelo, United Workers Federation of Honduras leader Jose Israel Salinas and former Economy Secretary Carlos Chain.
    (AP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 14, Iran’s security forces cut phone lines and blockaded the home of an Iranian opposition leader in attempts to stop him attending a planned rally in support of Egypt's uprising. Eyewitnesses reported sporadic clashes in central Tehran's Enghelab or Revolution square between security forces and opposition protesters. Turkish President Abdullah Gul, who is on a visit to Iran, urged governments in the Middle East to listen to the demands of their people. Student Sanee Zhaleh (26) was shot dead during the opposition rally. Authorities later announced the arrest today of an Iranian man allegedly working for the CIA.
    (AP, 2/14/11)(AP, 2/16/11)(AP, 2/24/11)
2011        Feb 14, In Israel Jerusalem's municipal council approved the construction of 120 new homes in the Jewish settlement neighborhood of Ramot in occupied east Jerusalem.
    (AFP, 2/14/11)
2011        Feb 14, Ivory Coast's incumbent leader Laurent Gbagbo filed a lawsuit against the West African regional bloc for recognizing his rival as the winner of the country's recent presidential election.
    (AP, 2/14/11)
2011        Feb 14, A group of Japanese citizens filed a lawsuit challenging a civil law that effectively stops women from keeping their surnames when they marry.
    (AP, 2/14/11)
2011        Feb 14, In Malaysia Islamic morality police detained 40 unmarried Muslim couples in hotel rooms during Operation Valentine, aimed at curbing illegal premarital sex. The main Islamic body issued an edict in 2005 banning Muslims from celebrating what it said was a day synonymous with vice.
    (AP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 14, In Mexico a series of shootings left 18 people dead in Padilla, Tamaulipas state, where a turf war has raged between two brutal drug cartels. In neighboring Nuevo Leon state  gunmen killed Homero Salcido Trevino, a top intelligence officer, then torched his car. The Defense Department said Juan Carlos Olivera, allegedly the top Zetas operator in five towns around Monterrey, was arrested with two accomplices and four guns.
    (AP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 14, Moroccan PM Abbas El Fassi met with the opposition to discuss parliamentary polls. The impact of the uprisings in Egypt and Tunisia weighed on the talks.
    (AFP, 2/14/11)
2011        Feb 14, Palestinian PM Salam Fayyad dissolved his Cabinet in an emergency meeting in what appeared to be a gesture inspired by unrest rocking the Arab world. This gave him six weeks to name a new Cabinet.
    (AP, 2/14/11)
2011        Feb 14, In Russia the assistant to the judge, who convicted oil tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky on Dec 30, said the judge did not write the verdict and read it against his will in the Moscow courtroom.
    (AP, 2/14/11)
2011        Feb 14, Serbia's PM Mirko Cvetkovic said he is sacking Deputy PM Mladjan Dinkic, a key coalition partner. If Dinkic's G-17 party stops supporting Cvetkovic's government in Parliament, the coalition will fall apart and early parliamentary elections will have to be held.
    (AP, 2/14/11)
2011        Feb 14, A Swiss court said an Iranian man convicted of heroin trafficking will be expelled and returned to his home country, even though the man claimed that he could be persecuted for being homosexual.
    (AFP, 2/14/11)
2011        Feb 14, In Thailand a couple in Pattaya locked lips for 46 hours, 24 minutes and 9 seconds to celebrate Valentine’s Day. A previous world record of 32 hours was set by a Germany couple in 2009.
    (SFC, 2/15/11, p.A2)
2011        Feb 14, In Yemen more than 1,000 people protested for a fourth straight day, demanding political reforms and the ouster of the US-allied president in demonstrations inspired by the upheaval in Egypt.
    (AP, 2/14/11)

2012        Feb 14, Pres. Obama met with Xi Jinping (58), China’s vice president. Jinping was expected to become the next leader of China.
    (Econ, 2/18/12, p.36)
2012        Feb 14, Horizon Lines pleaded guilty to violating oil pollution laws. It accepted a $1 million fine and a $500,000 contribution to SF Bay Area environmental projects. The container ship Horizon Enterprise had discharged oily waste and an inspection at the Port of Oakland in Oct 2011 showed a valve had been opened to prevent meters from recording the discharge.
    (SFC, 2/17/12, p.D6)
2012        Feb 14, Hackers claimed to have broken into Combined Systems Inc.'s website and stolen personal information belonging to clients and employees of the Jamestown, Pennsylvania-based firm, whose tear gas has been used against Egyptian demonstrators. They accused the company of being run by war profiteers who sell "mad chemical weapons to militaries and cop shops around the world."
    (AP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 14, Top US Catholic bishop, Cardinal-designate Timothy Dolan, vowed legislative and court challenges to a compromise by President Barack Obama to his healthcare mandate that now exempts religiously affiliated institutions from paying directly for birth control for their workers, instead making insurance companies responsible.
    (AP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 14, In Massachusetts 11 more dolphins beached themselves at Cape Cod. Ten were rescued. Over the last month some 178 have stranded in the area and 125 died.
    (SFC, 2/17/12, p.A7)
2012        Feb 14, Snow as deep as 15 feet (4.5m) isolated areas of Albania, Moldova and Romania, and helicopters and army trucks were used to deliver food and medicine, and to transport sick people to hospitals. Officials said 5 Romanians died in the past 24 hours due to frigid temperatures, bringing the total to 79 weather-related deaths since the nation's cold spell began.
    (AP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 14, Bahraini security forces fanned out in unprecedented numbers as the island nation was marking the one-year anniversary of the Shiite-led uprising against its Sunni rulers. Police arrested some 150 people while dispersing protesters attempting to march on the former Pearl Square.
    (AP, 2/14/12)(AFP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 14, Bolivian police arrested Julio Edwin Valdez (33), the leader of a gang in El Alto believed to have killed 69 people, whose bodies have been found over the last 13 months. Police arrested 8 members of the band and seized four 14-seat minibuses used to gather victims in early morning commutes.
    (SFC, 2/22/12, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/7jz2fgf)
2012        Feb 14, British Rev. John Suddards' body was discovered by workmen at the vicarage in Thornbury, about 125 miles (200 km) west of London. Police said he was stabbed multiple times in his home. On Feb 19 Kent Police said that suspect Stephen Farrow (47) was detained overnight in Folkestone, near the major port town of Dover. Farrow was also suspected in the murder of Betty Yates, a retired teacher, on January 2. The body of a young man was also found at the house where Farrow was arrested.
    (AP, 2/19/12)(AFP, 2/23/12)
2012        Feb 14, China's Premier Wen Jiabao said his country was ready to increase its participation in efforts to resolve Europe's debt crisis, after meeting EU president Herman Van Rompuy and European Commission president Jose Manuel Barroso in Beijing.
    (AFP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 14, An Eritrean opposition party official, Mohammed Ali Ibrahim, went missing in eastern Sudan. His party feared he may have been kidnapped by Asmara's security agents.
    (AFP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 14, French police searched an upmarket Paris residence of the son of Equatorial Guinea's President Teodoro Obiang Nguema as part of a corruption probe.
    (AFP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 14, The UN Security Council began a four-day mission in Haiti to review the terms of its mandate and evaluate earthquake reconstruction efforts in the Caribbean country.
    (AP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 14, In Honduras a fire swept through a prison in the town of Comayagua in one of the world's deadliest fires in decades. Many of the survivors escaped. 852 people had been crowded into the prison built for half that number. The prisoners whose scorched bodies were carried out piece by piece had been locked inside. Most inmates had never been charged, let alone convicted. The final death toll numbered 362 people.
    (AP, 2/15/12)(AP, 2/16/12)(AP, 2/18/12)(Econ, 2/18/12, p.40)(AP, 2/14/13)
2012        Feb 14, Some 200 Indonesians converged on a Jakarta square to denounce the Islamic Defenders Front (FPI), an Islamic vigilante group known for its armed attacks on minorities and moderates.
    (AFP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 14, US filmmaker Sean Stone (27), son of Oscar-winning director Oliver Stone, converted to Islam in Iran, where he is making a documentary.
    (AFP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 14, In Iraq 2 separate attacks against Iraqi security forces in Mosul and Baghdad killed three people and wounded 18 others.
    (AP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 14, Israeli forces razed three temporary structures comprising the Oz Zion wildcat settler outpost near the West Bank city of Ramallah.
    (AFP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 14, Italian prosecutors asked the country's highest criminal court to reinstate the murder convictions of American Amanda Knox and her former boyfriend in the brutal slaying of a British student.
    (AP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 14, Kuwait's Emir Sheikh Sabah al-Ahmad al-Sabah named a new cabinet with 10 new faces, including the oil and defense ministers, and no women, despite objections from the opposition.
    (AFP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 14, In Madagascar 10 seven people were killed after Cyclone Giovanna struck land. The toll included six killed when a building collapsed in Alaotra Mangoro.
    (AP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 14, Mexican officials said they have arrested Jaime Herrera Herrera (43) in Sinaloa state, a man who manufactured methamphetamine for the Sinaloa drug cartel run by Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman.
    (AP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 14, In Nigeria a bomb disposal officer was killed trying to defuse a bomb just minutes after another blast in Kaduna previously hit by a feared Islamist sect. Boko Haram claimed responsibility for another series of bomb attacks targeting two major military bases and a highway overpass that wounded an unknown number of people in Kaduna.
    (AP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 14, Pakistan announced that it has temporarily allowed NATO to ship perishable food to its troops in Afghanistan, a sign of thawing tensions following American airstrikes last year on Nov 26 that accidentally killed 24 Pakistani soldiers.
    (AP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 14, A Romania court in Bucharest ruled that former agriculture ministers Decebal Traian Remes and Ioan Muresan took bribes and engaged in influence-peddling. Both were sentenced to 3 years in prison.
    (AP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 14, Romania's top court recognized Prince Paul Hohenzollern as the legitimate grandson of former King Carol II, ending a 21-year-legal battle.
    (AP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 14, Somali government forces backed by the African Union attacked Islamist Shebab rebel posts on the outskirts of the war-torn capital Mogadishu with tanks and artillery.
    (AFP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 14, In South Korea over one hundred people rallied near the Chinese Embassy to protest China’s state security police for arresting dozens of North Korean defectors who face torture, imprisonment and even death if returned to their homeland.
    (SFC, 2/15/12, p.A2)
2012        Feb 14, In Thailand an Iranian man, Saeid Moradi, carrying grenades lost at least one leg in a grenade blast and wounded four civilians in Bangkok after an earlier blast shook his rented house. Mohammad Kharzei, a 2nd man was arrested in Bangkok as he tried to board a flight to Malaysia.
    (AP, 2/14/12)(AP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 14, Syrian government forces renewed their assault on the rebellious city of Homs in what activists described as the heaviest shelling in days. 9 civilians, four defectors and 7 soldiers were reported killed as pro-Assad forces and army defectors battled for hours in the northern town of Atareb.
    (AP, 2/14/12)(AP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 14, A Tunisian court cleared Libyan former PM Al-Baghdadi al-Mahmudi (70) on a charge he had crossed illegally into Tunisia as he fled Libya last year.
    (AFP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 14, Uganda officials said they have seized nearly 360 pounds (162 kg) of ivory and other animal parts and products that were being smuggled in and out of the country. Officials said Chinese demand is behind the illegal trade in endangered species and animal products.
    (AP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 14, A Ugandan minister raided and shut down a workshop run by homosexual rights activists in Entebbe, days after a draconian anti-gay bill was reintroduced.
    (AFP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 14, Venezuela's Supreme Court ordered opposition electoral officials not to destroy lists of voters following primary elections, a decision that was promptly condemned by opposition leaders who vowed to keep voters' identities secret.
    (AP, 2/14/12)
2012        Feb 14, Zimbabwean police disrupted a Valentine's Day march, by about 200 members of the militant Women of Zimbabwe Arise organization, aimed at promoting peace and love between foes.
    (AP, 2/14/12)

2013        Feb 14, The US Treasury Department said that Switzerland and the United States have signed a pact to make Swiss banks disclose information about US account-holders.
    (Reuters, 2/14/13)
2013        Feb 14, The Chicago Crime Commission name Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman, leader of Mexico’s Sinaloa drug cartel, as the city’s new Public Enemy No. 1, for supplying most of the narcotics sold in the city.
    (SFC, 2/15/13, p.A6)
2013        Feb 14, H.J. Heinz said it has agreed to be acquired by Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway and 3G Capital in a $23.3 billion deal.
    (SFC, 2/15/13, p.C4)(Econ, 2/23/13, p.63)
2013        Feb 14, Dozens of Afghan activists and supporters marked Valentine's Day by marching in Kabul to denounce violence against women amid reports that domestic abuse is on the rise.
    (AP, 2/14/13)
2013        Feb 14, Security forces in Bahrain clashed with anti-government protesters in street battles that left at least one boy dead amid high tensions on the second anniversary of the uprising in the Gulf nation. A 16-year-old male and a policeman were killed on the second anniversary of the Shiite-led uprising.
    (AP, 2/14/13)(AP, 2/15/13)
2013        Feb 14, Ronald Dworkin (81), an American philosopher and constitutional law expert, died in London. He was best known for articulating the principle that the most important virtue the law can display is integrity. He was a professor of law at New York University and emeritus professor at University College London. His books included “A Matter of Principle” (1985).
    (AP, 2/14/13)(SFC, 2/19/13, p.C3)
2013        Feb 14, Egypt's aviation minister said the hiring of President Mohammed Morsi's son to a highly-paid government job was justified, dismissing accusations of nepotism. On Feb 16 the head of Egypt's holding company for airports and aviation said Morsi's son has applied for a job that pays $133 a month starting salary.
    (AP, 2/14/13)(AP, 2/16/13)
2013        Feb 14, Indian troops shot and killed a Pakistani soldier who crossed the makeshift border separating Indian and Pakistani held Kashmir.
    (AP, 2/15/13)
2013        Feb 14, Mali's military detained eight Arab men in Timbuktu, throwing them into a pickup truck and covering it with a tarp in a sweep that has raised fears of further reprisals against the region's Arab minority. Hundreds of others have fled to the neighboring nations of Algeria and Mauritania, where they are living in refugee camps. In December the Associated press found the body of Kabbad, a 70-year-old grandfather known as Vieux Ali, and five others buried in the desert.
    (AP, 2/17/13)(AP, 12/9/13)
2013        Feb 14, A Norwegian court in Oslo sentenced Sadi Bugingo (47) of Rwanda to 21 years in prison after he was found guilty of taking part in the slaughter of more than a thousand Tutsis in his home country.
    (http://tinyurl.com/lhbc8tq)(AP, 4/8/14)
2013        Feb 14, In Pakistan a roadside bomb hit a vehicle carrying members of an anti-Taliban militia in Stanzai village in the Orakzai tribal region, killing 7 militiamen. A suicide car bomber detonated his explosives next to a police post  in Hangu district in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, killing 11 policemen and wounding 23 others.
    (AP, 2/14/13)
2013        Feb 14, In South Africa Reeva Steenkamp (b.1983), the girlfriend of double-amputee Olympian runner Oscar Pistorius, was shot dead. Police arrested Pistorius on a charge of murder.
    (AP, 2/14/13)
2013        Feb 14, Syrian rebels took control of the town of Shadadah along the Euphrates River seized most of the nearby Jbeysa oil field. Regime warplanes pounded rebel positions near Aleppo's international airport. Rebels reportedly shot down two warplanes. Rebels stormed a small military base near the town of al-Sahwa in the southern province of Daraa. At least four fighters were killed in clashes at the base. 42 Shiites, mainly women and children, were snatched from a bus that was traveling from the Shiite villages of Foua and Kfarya to the capital Damascus.
    (AP, 2/14/13)(AP, 2/15/13)(AP, 2/16/13)
2013        Feb 14, In Turkey authorities arrested eight more retired officers over the last 48 hours over their alleged involvement in the ousting of an Islamic-led government in the late 1990s.
    (AP, 2/15/13)
2013        Feb 14, Senior officials of the UN atomic agency returned from Tehran without a hoped-for deal that would have led to the resumption of a probe into allegations that Iran worked secretly on nuclear arms.
    (AP, 2/14/13)
2013        Feb 14, Zimbabwe police fired tear gas and baton charged to disperse Valentine's Day marchers, herding 195 people demonstrators into a police precinct. Later 25 were treated for injuries including broken teeth.
    (AP, 2/15/13)

2014        Feb 14, President Obama visited the San Joaquin Valley to focus on California’s severe drought, and announce new measures in the ongoing federal effort to address it. Obama toured parts of California's drought zone and pledged to speed help to the No. 1 farm state.
    (AP, 2/14/14)(Reuters, 2/15/14)
2014        Feb 14, In New Mexico unusually high levels of radioactive particles were found at an underground nuclear waste site in what a spokesman said looked like the first real alarm since the plant opened in 1999. Investigators in June said they have found five other potentially explosive barrels in West Texas that came from the same Los Alamos waste stream.
    (Reuters, 2/16/14)(SFC, 6/11/14, p.A6)
2014        Feb 14, The snow-weary eastern US was digging out from yet another mammoth storm, as the deadly weather crept through New England and eastern Canada and another storm approached.
    (AP, 2/14/14)
2014        Feb 14, About $2.5 million of Bitcoin was apparently stolen from Silk Road 2.0, a website used to trade mainly illegal drugs. A flaw in Bitcoin’s code was discovered earlier this month.
    (Econ, 2/22/14, p.65)
2014        Feb 14, In Bahrain a blast struck a bus carrying police as anti-government activists clashed with police on the third anniversary of the uprising in the small Gulf island nation. One policeman died of wounds sustained in the bomb blast. 26 people were arrested. Another 29 were arrested a day earlier.
    (AP, 2/14/14)(AFP, 2/15/14)
2014        Feb 14, In Cambodia Dave Walker (58), a Canadian filmmaker, went missing. His body was found April 30 in the woods near the famous Angkor temple complex.
    (AP, 5/1/14)
2014        Feb 14, In the Central African Republic thousands of Muslims who tried to flee the violence in Bangui were turned back by peacekeepers, as crowds of angry Christians shouted "we're going to kill you all." France announced that it is increasing the number of its troops on the ground in CAR by 400 for a total of 2,000.
    (AP, 2/14/14)
2014        Feb 14, In China 11 "terrorists" were reported killed during an attack in Wushi County in the Aksu Prefecture of Xinjiang.
    (Reuters, 2/14/14)
2014        Feb 14, The Chinese government sacked the police chief of the southern "sin city" of Dongguan following a candid report by the state broadcaster on the underground sex industry there.
    (Reuters, 2/14/14)
2014        Feb 14, In eastern China a wedding hall collapsed killing 10 people in Yazhuang village, Zhejiang province.
    (SFC, 2/15/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 14, The CongoDRC government said 22 Congolese soldiers and 230 Ugandan rebels have been killed in a nearly month-long offensive in restive eastern DRC.
    (AFP, 2/14/14)
2014        Feb 14, In Egypt police and residents clashed with supporters of ousted Pres. Morsi leaving a man shot dead in Damietta and a child killed in Minya.
    (SFC, 2/15/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 14, In Germany Agriculture Minister Hans-Peter Friedrich announced his resignation over claims he leaked confidential information about an international child porn probe.
    (AFP, 2/14/14)
2014        Feb 14, In India anti-graft activist Arvind Kejriwal quit as the top elected official in the New Delhi state government after lawmakers blocked the introduction of a bill to create a strong ombudsman in the capital. He said he would recommend that new elections be held in New Delhi.
    (AP, 2/14/14)
2014        Feb 14, In Indonesia a volcanic eruption on Java sent a 17 km (10 mile) ash cloud into the air. More than 56,000 people were forced to flee their homes and four 4 were killed when Mount Kelud erupted.
    (Reuters, 2/15/14)
2014        Feb 14, In Indonesia seven Japanese divers went missing off the resort island of Bali as strong winds and heavy rains hit Crystal Bay. Five of the divers were found alive on Feb 17.
    (AP, 2/15/14)(AP, 2/17/14)
2014        Feb 14, Googoosh, an Iranian pop star living in Amsterdam, released a music video promoting gay rights. It was clicked on half a million times in the first 24 hours. Navid Akhavan, an Iranian-born Germany, wrote and directed the video for the song “Behesht” (Heaven).
    (SFC, 3/5/14, p.A4)
2014        Feb 14, Iraqi troops backed by helicopter gunships regained ground in the northern town of Sulaiman Pek, a day after parts of it were overrun by Sunni Islamist insurgents. At least 12 militants were killed by the army.
    (Reuters, 2/14/14)
2014        Feb 14, Italy’s Premier Enrico Letta drove himself to the president's palace and resigned after he was sacked by his own party in a back-room mutiny designed to catapult Florence's young Mayor Matteo Renzi into the helm of Italy's government.
    (AP, 2/14/14)
2014        Feb 14, In Ivory Coast Michel Gbagbo, son of former president Laurent Gbagbo, was arrested at the airport while attempting to leave the country on a flight to Paris.
    (AP, 2/15/14)
2014        Feb 14, In Jamaica Leroy Russell, a dancehall deejay, was charged in a multimillion-dollar lottery scam.
    (AP, 2/15/14)
2014        Feb 14, Libya's government and armed forces moved to quash rumors of an impending coup after retired Gen. Khalifa Hifter called for parliament and the government to be suspended.
    (AFP, 2/14/14)(SFC, 2/15/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 14, North and South Korea agreed in a rare high-level meeting to stop insulting each other and to go ahead with planned reunions of Korean War-divided families next week despite a dispute over upcoming US-South Korean military drills.
    (AP, 2/14/14)
2014        Feb 14, In Syria a car bomb killed at least 32 people the town of al-Yaduda (Yadouda) near the border with Jordan. At least 5 soldiers were killed when Islamist rebels detonated mines under the Carlton hotel in Aleppo. In Geneva Syrian government and opposition delegates said talks to end their country's civil war have reached an impasse, with the US and Russia backing the rival camps and trading accusations over the deadlock. International mediator Lakhdar Brahimi told delegates that he plans to take the talks into a third round.
    (Reuters, 2/14/14)(AP, 2/14/14)(AFP, 2/14/14)
2014        Feb 14, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said an al Qaeda splinter group (ISIL) has executed at least 13 people including relatives of fighters from rival rebel groups before withdrawing from a town near Aleppo. It did not say when the incident took place in Haritan.
    (Reuters, 2/14/14)
2014        Feb 14, Thailand riot police cleared anti-government protesters from a major boulevard in Bangkok.
    (SFC, 2/15/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 14, Ukraine authorities provisionally freed the last of 234 detained protesters under an amnesty offer aimed a diffusing protracted street protests.
    (SFC, 2/15/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 14, It was reported that a UN Commission of Inquiry has found that crimes against humanity have been committed in North Korea and recommends that its findings be referred to the International Criminal Court (ICC).
    (AP, 2/14/14)
2014        Feb 14, Louis Willis, the former director of the US Virgin Islands' Internal Revenue Bureau, turned himself in under charges of tax evasion.
    (AP, 2/15/14)
2014        Feb 14, In Venezuela soldiers fired tear gas and deployed water cannons to break up hundreds of student demonstrators blocking a highway in protest against President Nicolas Maduro. Authorities freed 25 student protesters pending trial and said that 74 others arrested after this week's deadly political turmoil would be processed within hours.
    (Reuters, 2/15/14)(AFP, 2/15/14)
2014        Feb 14, Yemeni military and security officials says that the death toll from a prison break in Sanaa has reached 10, and that al-Qaida received help from inside the prison to facilitate the escape of 29 inmates.
    (AP, 2/14/14)
2014        Feb 14, Zambian ex-diplomat and son of former president Rupiah Banda was sentenced to two years in prison after being found guilty of corruption. Andrew Banda (53) was arrested in 2012 on charges of soliciting a kickback from Italian company Fratelli Locci, which was awarded a contract to build roads.
    (AFP, 2/15/14)

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