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Today in History - February 15

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  The ancient Roman feast of Lupercalia. This was a fertility festival in honor of the pastoral god Lupercus.
 (HFA, '96, p.24)(AHD, p.776)
  Nirvana Day, the day Buddha died and achieved bliss.
 (WSJ, 11/2/98, p.B1)

399BC        Feb 15, Socrates was condemned to death on charges of corrupting the youth and introducing new gods into Greek thought. A tribunal of 501 citizens found Socrates guilty of the charge of impiety and corruption of youth. Socrates b.(469BC) had been the teacher of two leaders who were held responsible for the Greek‘s loss to Sparta in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC). Plato‘s Apology, Crito, and Phaedo describe Socrates‘ trial, imprisonment and death.
    (eawc, p.11)(HNQ, 3/21/00)

37CE        Feb 15, Claudius Drusus Germanicus Caesar Nero (d.68CE), emperor of Rome (54-68), was born. [see Dec 15]
    (MC, 2/15/02)

360        Feb 15, The first Hagia Sophia was inaugurated by Constantius II. It was built next to the smaller church Hagia Eirene in Constantinople. Both churches acted together as the principal churches of the Byzantine Empire.

1368        Feb 14-1368 Feb 15, Sigismund (d.1437), son of Charles IV, was born in Nuremberg, Germany. He served as Holy Roman Emperor from 1433-1437.

1386        Feb 15, Duke Philip the Stout formed the Council of Flanders.
    (MC, 2/15/02)
1386        Feb 15, Christianity was introduced to Lithuania when Grand Duke Jogaila and Vytautas underwent a token Baptism at the cathedral in Cracow. Jogaila had married Queen Jadvyga (12) and was crowned King in Poland. Together they began to rule from Cracow over Lithuania and Poland. Jogaila submitted to restrictions that no major decisions could be made without the authorization of the Polish nobility.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.5)(Ist. L.H., 1948, p. 69)(DrEE, 11/9/96, p.6)

1495        Feb 15, Lithuanian Grand Duke Alexander wed Duchess Elena of Moscow.
    (LHC, 2/15/03)

1519        Feb 15, Pedro Menendez de Aviles, explorer (found St. Augustine, Florida), was born.
    (MC, 2/15/02)

1563        Feb 15, Ivan IV led Russian forces in the takeover of Polocka, defended under the leadership of Stanislav Davaina.
    (LHC, 2/15/03)

1564        Feb 15, Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei (d.1642) was born in Pisa. He was the first modern man to understand that mathematics can truly describe the physical world. He said: “The Book of Nature is written in mathematics.” [V.D.-H.K. dated his death to 1646] He ran afoul of the Catholic Church for defending the Copernican system, which maintained that the earth revolves around the sun. He died in Acetri, near Florence.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.1200) (TNG,Klein,p.22) (AHD,p.539) (CFA, '96,Vol 179, p.40) (AP, 2/15/98)(HN, 2/15/99)

1571        Feb 15, Michael Praetorius, composer (Syntagma music), was born in Kreuzberg, Germany.
    (MC, 2/15/02)

1620        Feb 15, Francois Charpentier, French scholar, archaeologist, was born.
    (MC, 2/15/02)

1637        Feb 15, Ferdinand II (58), King of Bohemia, Hun, German Emperor (1619-37), died. Ferdinand III succeeded him as Holy Roman Emperor.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)(MC, 2/15/02)

1666        Feb 15, Antonio M. Valsalva, Italian anatomist (eardrums, glottis), was born.
    (MC, 2/15/02)

1677        Feb 15, King Charles II reported an anti-French covenant with Netherlands.
    (MC, 2/15/02)

1686        Feb 15, Jean Baptiste Lully's opera "Armide," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 2/15/02)

1705        Feb 15, Charles A. Vanloo, French painter, was born.
    (MC, 2/15/02)
1710        Feb 15, Louis XV (d.1774), King of France, was born. He ruled from 1715-1774.
    (HN, 2/15/98) (WUD, 1994, p.848)

1726        Feb 15, Abraham Clark, Declaration of Independence signer, was born. 
    (HN, 2/15/98)

1744        Feb 15, John Hadley, inventor (sextant), died.
    (MC, 2/15/02)

1745        Feb 15, Colley Cibber's "Papal Tyranny," premiered in London.
    (MC, 2/15/02)

1748        Feb 15, Jeremy Bentham (d.1832), philosopher, originator (Utilitarian), was born in London, England.

1758        Feb 15, The 1st mustard manufactured in America was advertised in Philadelphia.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)(HCB, 2003, p. 94)

1764        Feb 15, The city of St. Louis was established as a French trading post. Pierre Laclede Ligue and stepson Auguste Chouteau notched a couple of trees that marked the site for Laclede’s Landing that became St. Louis.
    (SFC, 5/12/97, p.T5)(AP, 2/15/98)(440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1797        Feb 15, Henry Steinway (d.1871), German-American piano maker, was born in Germany as Heinrich Steinweg. He move to the US in 1851. The name was anglicized in 1864.
    (WSJ, 7/15/06, p.P8)(http://tinyurl.com/qn6dy)

1798        Feb 15, The first serious fist fight occurred in Congress.
    (HN, 2/15/98)

1799        Feb 15, The 1st US printed ballots were authorized in Pennsylvania.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1803        Feb 15, John Augustus Sutter (d.1880), Swiss-US colonist (New Helvetia, Ca., Sutter Mill), was born.
    (MC, 2/15/02)

1804        Feb 15, New Jersey became the last northern state to abolish slavery.
    (HN, 2/15/98)

1809        Feb 15, Cyrus Hall McCormick (d.1884), inventor of the mechanical reaper, was born.
    (MC, 2/15/02)(WUD, 1994 p.887)

1820        Feb 15, American suffragist Susan Brownell Anthony (d.1906) was born in Adams, Mass. Her biography by Lynn Sherr was titled: “Failure Is Impossible.”
    (SFEC, 9/21/97, Par p.4)(AP, 2/15/98)(HN, 2/15/98)
1820        Feb 15, Pierre-Joseph Cambon (63), member of Committee of Public Safety (French Revolution), died.
    (MC, 2/15/02)

1842        Feb 15, The 1st adhesive postage stamps in US were made available by a private delivery company in NYC.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1845        Feb 15, William Parsons, Earl of Rosse, 1st used a 72" (183 cm) reflector.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1848        Feb 15, Sarah Roberts was barred from a white school in Boston.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1851        Feb 15, Black abolitionists invaded a Boston courtroom to rescue a fugitive slave.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1857        Feb 15, Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (53), Russian composer (Russlan & Ludmilla), died.
    (MC, 2/15/02)

1861         Feb 15, Alfred North Whitehead (d.1947), English philosopher (Adv of Ideas) and mathematician, was born. “We think in generalities, but we live in detail.” “I have always noticed that deeply and truly religious persons are fond of a joke, and I am suspicious of those who aren’t.” “It is more important that a proposition be interesting than that it be true.”
    (AP, 4/11/97)(AP, 10/5/97)(AP, 9/8/98)(MC, 2/15/02)
1861        Feb 15, Ft. Point was completed & garrisoned. It never fired cannon in anger.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1862        Feb 15, Grant [on his 3rd day there] launched a major assault on Fort Donelson, Tenn.
    (HN, 2/15/98)

1863        Feb 15, Samuel and Florence Baker encountered John Speke and James Grant at the frontier village of Gondokoro (southern Sudan). Speke and Grant said they had found the Nile’s headwaters at a lake they named Victoria (Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda).
    (ON, 10/01, p.9)

1869        Feb 15, Charges of treason against Jefferson Davis were dropped.
    (HN, 2/15/98)

1870        Feb 15, Ground was broken for Northern Pacific Railway near Duluth, Minn.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1876        Feb 15, A historic Elm at Boston was blown down.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1879        Feb 15, President Hayes signed a bill allowing female attorneys to argue cases before the Supreme Court.
    (AP, 2/15/98)(440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1882        Feb 15, John Barrymore, actor, was born in Philadelphia. He was sibling to actors Lionel Barrymore & Ethel Barrymore, father of actors John Drew Barrymore & Diana Barrymore and grandfather of actor Drew Barrymore.
    (HN, 2/15/01)(MC, 2/15/02)
1882        Feb 15, SS Dunedin left New Zealand with 1st frozen meat for England.
    (MC, 2/15/02)

1885        Feb 15, Leopold Damrosch (52), composer, died.
    (MC, 2/15/02)

1886        Feb 15, Sax Rohmer, author (Dr. Fu Manchu), was born in England.
    (MC, 2/15/02)

1887        Feb 15, Alexander Borodin (b.1833), Russian composer, died. He had worked on his epic opera “Prince Igor” for 18 years. It was completed in 1888 by Glazunov and Rimsky-Korsakov. [see Feb 27]
    (WSJ, 9/19/96, p.A18)(WSJ, 5/7/98, p.A21)(WSJ, 2/6/00, p.A16)(MC, 2/15/02)

1890        Feb 15, Robert Ley, German chemist, MP (NSDAP), was born.
    (MC, 2/15/02)

1895        Feb 15, 23 cm (9") of snow fell on New Orleans.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1898        Feb 15, The U.S. battleship Maine blew up in Havana Harbor, killing 266-268 sailors and bringing hordes of Western cowboys and gunfighters rushing to enlist in the Spanish-American. On the night of February 15, 1898, as she lay at anchor in Havana Harbor, an explosion--possibly caused by sabotage--ripped through the ship, killing 267 officers and men. It had been sent there to menace Imperial Spain and its sinking helped to precipitate the Spanish-American War. Inconclusive investigations by the Spanish government and U.S. Navy became irrelevant as popular American sentiment outpaced diplomacy. On April 25, the U.S. Congress declared war on Spain to the shouts of "Remember the Maine and to Hell with Spain!" The true cause of the explosion that sank the battleship Maine remains a mystery.
    (Civilization, July-Aug, 1995, p.14)(NH, 4/97, p.38)(HT, 5/97, p.64) (AP, 2/15/98)(HN, 2/15/99)(HNPD, 2/15/99)

1899        Feb 15, M Wolf & A Schwassmann discovered asteroid #442 Eichsfeldia.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1900        Feb 15, The British threatened to use natives in the Boer War fight.
    (HN, 2/15/98)

1903        Feb 15, The 1st Teddy Bear was introduced in America by Morris & Rose Michtom.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1905        Feb 15, Harold Arlen (d.1986), composer, arranger and pianist, was born as Hyman Arluck. His work included “Stormy Weather” and “It’s Only a Paper Moon.” He was born Hyman Arluck, the son of a Jewish cantor. In 1996 Edward Jablonski wrote his second biography titled: “Harold Arlen: Rhythm. Rainbows, and Blues.”
    (WSJ, 6/28/96, p.A7)(HN, 2/15/01)(MC, 2/15/02)
1905        Feb 15, The 1st race meet at Oaklawn Park in Hot Springs, Ark. was run.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)
1905        Feb 15, Lewis Wallace (77), US politician, general, writer (Ben Hur), artist and inventor, died. His paintings included “The Conspirators,” a depiction of those accused in the assassination of Pres. Lincoln. He had 8 registered US patents and was accomplished at playing and making violins. His home in Crawfordsville, Indiana, is now a museum.
    (HT, 3/97, p.66)(MC, 2/15/02)

1906        Feb 15, British Labour Party organized.
    (MC, 2/15/02)

1909        Feb 15, In San Francisco anarchist Emma Goldman spoke to large audiences in Lyric Hall, at Turk and Larkin streets. She gave 2 lectures: “The Devil Exonerated” and “The Psychology of Violence.”
    (SSFC, 2/15/09, DB p.50)

1912        Feb 15, The Fram reached latitude 78° 41' S, farthest south ever by ship.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1913        Feb 15, The 1st avant-garde art show in America opened in NYC. [see Feb 17]
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1916        Feb 15, Ian Ballantine, publisher (Ballantine Books), was born.
    (MC, 2/15/02)

1917        Feb 15, The Main Branch of the SF Public Library at the Civic center was dedicated.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)
1917        Feb 15, M Wolf discovered asteroid #865 Zubaida.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1918        Feb 15, The 1st WW I US army troopship was torpedoed & sunk off Ireland by Germany.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)
1918        Feb 15, Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania adopted the Gregorian calendar.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1919        Feb 15, The American Legion was organized in Paris.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1920        Feb 15, K Reinmuth discovered asteroid #926 Imhilde.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1922        Feb 15, Marconi began regular broadcasting transmissions from Essex.
    (MC, 2/15/02)

1923        Feb 15, Yelena Bonner, soviet dissident, wife of Andre Sakharov, was born in Moscow.
    (MC, 2/15/02)

1925        Feb 15, Michael de Young (b.1849), co-founder of the SF Chronicle, died. Son-in-law George T. Cameron took over as publisher of the paper.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, BR p.6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M._H._de_Young)
1925        Feb 15, The London Zoo announced it would install lights to cheer up fogged in animals.
    (HN, 2/15/98)

1926        Feb 15, Contract air mail service began in the US.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1928        Feb 15, H.H. Asquith (b.1852), former British prime minister (1908-1916), died.

1930        Feb 15, Wenona beat Toluca in an Illinois Basketball Tournament in 10 overtimes.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)(www.illinoishsglorydays.com/id36.html)

1931        Feb 15, [Patricia] Claire Bloom, actress (Charly, Look Back in Anger), was born in London.
    (MC, 2/15/02)
1931        Feb 15, The 1st Dracula movie released.
    (MC, 2/15/02)

1932        Feb 15, George Burns and Gracie Allen debuted as regulars on "Guy Lombardo Show."
    (MC, 2/15/02)
1932        Feb 15, US bobsled team member Eddie Eagan became the only athlete to win gold in both Summer & Winter Olympics (1920 boxing gold)
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1933        Feb 15, President-elect Roosevelt escaped an assassination attempt in Miami. Giuseppa Zangara, an unemployed New Jersey bricklayer from Italy, fired five pistol shots at the back of President-elect Franklin Roosevelt's head from only twenty-five feet away. While all five rounds missed their target, each bullet found a separate victim. One of these was Mayor Anton Cermak of Chicago. Gunman Giuseppe Zangara was executed more than four weeks later, on March 20. [see Mar 6, 20]
    (WSJ, 5/24/00, p.A24)(AP, 2/15/07)

1934        Feb 15, U.S. Congress passed the Civil Works Emergency Relief Act, allotting new funds for Federal Emergency Relief Administration.
    (HN, 2/15/98)

1936        Feb 15, Sonja Henie, Norway, won her 3rd consecutive Olympic figure skating gold.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)
1936        Feb 15, The temp hit -60° F (-51° C) in Parshall, North Dakota for a state record.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)
1939        Feb 15, Lillian Hellman's "Little Foxes," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 2/15/02)
1939        Feb 15, SF officials attended IBM’s preview of an electric typewriter and a punch card method of electric accounting at the Palace of Electricity and Communications on Treasure Island.
    (SSFC, 2/9/14, DB p.42)

1940        Feb 15, Hitler ordered that all British merchant ships would be considered warships.
    (HN, 2/15/98)

1941        Feb 15, Duke Ellington 1st recorded "Take the A Train."
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)
1941        Feb 15, K Reinmuth discovered asteroids #1561 Fricke & #1785 Wurm.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1942        Feb 15, British forces in Singapore surrendered to Japanese General Tomoyuki Yamashita. Yamashita prevailed, when British Lt. Gen. Sir Arthur Percival and 130,000 Empire troops surrendered. It was the largest surrender in British history.
    (HN, 2/15/98)(AP, 2/15/98)

1943        Feb 15, Women's camp Tamtui on Ambon (Moluccas) was hit by allied air raid.
    (MC, 2/15/02)
1943        Feb 15, The Germans broke the U.S. lines at the Fanid-Sened Sector in Tunisia.
    (HN, 2/15/98)

1944        Feb 15, American bombers attacked the Abbey of Monte Cassino in central Italy in an effort to neutralize it as a German observation post. In 2003 Matthew Parker authored "Monte Cassino: The Hardest Fought Battle of World War II."
    (HN, 2/15/99)(Econ, 9/20/03, p.80)
1944        Feb 15, Nathan Gordon (1916-2008), US Navy pilot from Arkansas, and his crew made 4 separate flying boat landings to rescue a number of aviators from B-52 bombers, which had been shot down while attacking Japanese positions near Kavieng harbor on New Ireland Island, Papua New Guinea. Gordon later became the longest-serving lieutenant governor of Arkansas.
    (SFC, 9/15/08, p.B8)
1944        Feb 15, 891 British bombers attacked Berlin.
    (MC, 2/15/02)   

1946        Feb 15, The ENIAC, Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer, had its official unveiling. It was created by John Mauchly and Presper Eckert. The first test problem it solved was concerned with the trajectory of a 155-millimeter shell. The problem was programmed by Jean Bartik and Betty Holberton who were part of an all-woman team that had performed the calculations by hand. The US Army had chosen 6 women, including Frances Holberton (d.2001 at 84), to program Eniac. Ms. Holberton later created the C-10 instruction code for the Univac using keyboard commands rather than dials and switches.
    (WSJ, 11/15/96, p.B1)(www.thocp.net/hardware/eniac.htm)(SFC, 12/12/01, p.A27)
1946        Feb 15, Royal Canadian mounted police arrested 22 as Soviet spies.
    (HN, 2/15/98)

1947        Feb 15, John Adams, composer (Nixon in China), was born in Worcester Mass.
    (MC, 2/15/02)

1948        Feb 15, Mao Zedong's army occupied Yenan.
    (MC, 2/15/02)

1950        Feb 15, WM Inge's "Come Back, Little Sheba," premiered in NYC.
1950        Feb 15, Walt Disney's animated "Cinderella" was released.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0042332/)(WSJ, 6/28/08, p.W6)
1950        Feb 15, Joseph Stalin and Mao Tse-tung signed a mutual defense treaty in Moscow.
    (HN, 2/15/98)

1953        Feb 15, Tenley Albright (b. June 18, 1935) became the first American to win the women’s world figure skating championship at a competition in Davos, Switzerland.

1954        Feb 15, Matt Groening, cartoonist (The Simpsons), was born.
    (HN, 2/15/01)
1954        Feb 15, The 1st bevatron went into operation in Berkeley, California.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1955        Feb 15, The 1st pilot plant to produce man-made diamonds announced.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1957        Feb 15, Andrei Gromyko replaced Dmitri T. Shepilov as the Soviet Foreign Minister.
    (HN, 2/15/98)

1958        Feb 15, Sjafroeddin Prawiranegara formed the anti-government of Middle Sumatra.
    (MC, 2/15/02)

1961        Feb 15, 73 people, including 18 figure skaters from the United States, were killed in the crash of a Sabena Airlines Boeing 707 in Belgium. The skaters were en route to a world meet in Czechoslovakia.
    (HN, 2/15/98)(AP, 2/15/99)

1963        Feb 15, Ken Lynch recorded "Misery." It was the 1st Lennon-McCartney song recorded by someone else.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1964        Feb 15, Beatles' "Meet the Beatles!," album went #1 & stayed #1 for 11 weeks.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)
1964        Feb 15, Bill Bradley scored 51 points for Princeton.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)
1964        Feb 15, Goethe Link Observatory discovered asteroid #2417 McVittie & #3717.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1965        Feb 15, Raymond Kurzweil, a diffident but self-possessed high school student, appeared as a guest on a game show called I've Got a Secret. He was introduced by the host, Steve Allen, and then played a short musical composition on a piano that was composed by a computer that he had built. By 2011 Kurzweil believed that we're approaching a moment when computers will become intelligent, and not just intelligent but more intelligent than humans. He believed that this moment was not only inevitable but imminent. According to his calculations, the end of human civilization as we know it would take place about 2045.
    (AP, 2/11/11)
1965        Jan 15, Sir Winston Churchill suffered a severe stroke.
    (HN, 1/15/99)
1965        Feb 15, John Lennon passed his driving test.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)
1965        Feb 15, Canada replaced the Union Jack flag with the Maple Leaf in ceremonies in Ottawa.
    (CFA, '96, p.40)(HN, 2/15/98)(AP, 2/15/98)(440 Int’l., 2/15/99)
1965        Feb 15, Nat King Cole (b.1919), singer (Unforgettable, Mona Lisa), died.

1967        Feb 15, Thirteen US helicopters were shot down in one day in Vietnam.
    (HN, 2/15/98)
1967        Feb 15, The 1st anti-bootleg recording laws were enacted.
1967        Feb 15, France launched its Diademe-D satellite into Earth orbit. This followed the launch of Diademe-C on Feb 8. These satellites were magnetically stabilized which limited their trackability in the southern hemisphere.

1968        Feb 15, Anaheim's Les Salvage scored 10, 3-pt baskets in an ABA game vs. Denver.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1969        Feb 15, Charles Ellsworth Russell (b.1906), aka Pee Wee Russell, jazz clarinet player, died in Alexandria, Va. His albums included “Portrait of Pee Wee” (1958).
    (www.britannica.com/eb/article-9064474)(WSJ, 5/17/06, p.D14)

1970        Feb 15, William Kunstler, Chicago defense attorney, got a four-year sentence on contempt charges for his conduct during the Chicago Seven trial.
1970        Feb 15, A Dominican DC-9 crashed into sea at Santo Domingo and 102 people were killed.

1971        Feb 15, Britain abandoned the unit of the penny on Decimal Day, February 15, 1971, replacing the shilling with five new pence, so that one pound sterling became divided into 100 new pence.
1972        Feb 15, A left-leaning military coup in Ecuador, led by Guillermo RodrÝguez Lara, removed, Pres. Velasco Ibarra from office for the fifth time. Military rule continued to 1979.
    (www.yachana.org/indmovs/chronology.php)(WSJ, 12/6/95, p.A-1)(USAT, 2/11/97, p.5A)
1972        Feb 15, Edgar P. Snow (b.1905), US journalist and author (Battle for Asia, Red Star Over China), died in Switzerland.
1973        Feb 15, Friendsville Academy in Tenn. ended a 138-game basketball losing streak.
1973        Feb 15, The US and Cuba reached an anti-hijacking agreement.
    (SFC, 7/9/96, p.A8)(www.historyofcuba.com/history/time/timetbl4.htm)
1973        Feb 15, The USSR launched Prognoz 3 at Baikonur, Kazakhstan, to study solar flares.

1974        Feb 15, US gasoline stations threatened to close because of federal fuel policies.
    (HN, 2/15/98)

1975        Feb 15, In local elections 78.8% of the residents approved a covenant under which the Northern Marianas would become a US Commonwealth. In 1976 the US Congress approved a covenant whereby Saipan became the capital of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. The 34,000 permanent residents became US citizens but could not vote in US presidential elections. The CNMI was allowed to set its own tax, immigration and labor policies. A new government and constitution went into effect in 1978.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99,Z1 p.4)(http://macmeekin.com/Library/NMIchron/1971.htm)(WSJ, 2/20/97, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_Mariana_Islands)

1976        Feb 15, In Los Angeles Elizabeth McKeown (67) was beaten, raped and strangled. A young homicide detective found her body 3 days later in a car trunk. In 2009 John Floyd Thomas Jr. (72), an insurance claims adjuster, was arrested based on DNA evidence. A series of attacks stopped in 1978, the year Thomas went to prison for the rape of a Pasadena woman.
    (AP, 5/1/09)(SFC, 9/24/09, p.D3)

1977        Feb 15, W. Sebok discovered asteroid #2491.

1978        Feb 15, Leon Spinks beat Muhammad Ali for the world heavyweight crown.
1978        Feb 15, Ted Bundy (1946-1989), American escaped serial killed, was recaptured in Pensacola, Fla. Bundy eventually confessed to 29 murders.

1979        Feb 15, The Temple City Kazoo Orchestra appeared on the Mike Douglas Show.

1980        Feb 15, Eric Heiden (b.1958) skated to an Olympic record of 500m in 38.03 sec.
1980        Feb 15, Zdenka Vavrova, Czech astronomer discovered asteroid #3592.

1981        Feb 15, A rocket-powered ice sled attained 399 kph on Lake George, NY.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1982        Feb 15, The Ocean Ranger oil-drilling platform sank off the coast of Newfoundland during a fierce storm and 84 men were killed.
    (AP, 2/15/98)(WSJ, 10/3/01, p.A20)

1983        Feb 15, Norman Thomas discovered asteroid 3367 Alex, 3413 Andriana, 3525 Paul & 3580.

1984        Feb 15, Ethel Merman (76), singer, actress (Kid Million), died in her sleep.

1985        Feb 15, The STS 51-E vehicle was moved to the launch pad. Deployment of the vehicle aboard the Challenger was cancelled in March.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)(www.astronautix.com/flights/sts51e.htm)
1985        Feb 15, The World Chess Championship match in Moscow between Anatoly Karpov and Garry Kasparov was abandoned due to psychological strain. The match was resumed in September.

1986        Feb 15, The Philippines National Assembly proclaimed Ferdinand E. Marcos president for another six years, following an election marked by allegations of fraud. Marcos was later ousted.
    (AP, 2/15/06)

1987        Feb 15, ABC-TV began broadcasting "Amerika" mini-series.

1988        Feb 15, Frederick [Fritz] Loewe (b.1901), German-born composer (Brigadoon, My Fair Lady, Camelot), died in California.
1988        Feb 15, Austrian President Kurt Waldheim vowed in a televised address not to "retreat in the face of slanders" concerning his service for the German Army during World War II.
    (AP, 2/15/98)
1988        Feb 15, The Soviet Union was defeated by Afghanistan, and a total withdrawal by the Soviets occurred. In 2003 George Crile authored "Charlie Wilson's War: The Extraordinary Story of the largest Covert Operation in History."
    (www.afghan, 5/25/98)(SSFC, 5/25/03, p.M1)

1989        Feb 15, The Soviet Union announced that the last of its troops had left Afghanistan, after more than nine years of military intervention.
    (SFC, 9/28/96, p.A8)(AP, 2/15/98)

1990        Feb 15, Professional baseball owners locked out their players.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)
1990        Feb 15, President Bush and the leaders of Colombia, Bolivia and Peru met in Cartagena, Colombia for a drug-fighting summit.
    (AP, 2/15/00)

1991        Feb 15, In Visegrad, Hungary, a declaration of co-operation was signed by Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The 4 became known as the Visegrad countries.
    (Econ, 11/22/03, p.10S)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visegr%C3%A1d_Group)
1991        Feb 15, Iraq proposed a conditional withdrawal from Kuwait, an offer dismissed by President Bush as a “cruel hoax.”
    (AP, 2/15/01)
1991        Feb 15, Milo Djukanovic began serving as prime minister of Montenegro. He served until 1998 and held a 2nd term from 2003-2006.
    (Econ, 2/9/08, p.56)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milo_%C4%90ukanovi%C4%87)
1991        Feb 15, The government of South Africa and the African National Congress announced an agreement on terms of the ANC’s decision to suspend its armed struggle against apartheid.
    (AP, 2/15/01)

1992        Feb 15, 100th episode of "Cops" aired on the Fox network.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)
1992        Feb 15, A Milwaukee jury found that Jeffrey Dahmer was sane when he killed and mutilated 15 men and boys.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)(AP, 2/15/02)
1992        Feb 15, Benjamin L. Hooks announced plans to retire as executive director of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
    (AP, 2/15/98)
1992        Feb 15, Pulitzer Prize-winning composer William Schuman died in New York at age 81.
    (AP, 2/15/02)

1993        Feb 15, President Clinton issued an economic "call to arms," asking Americans to accept a painful package of tax increases and spending cuts.
    (AP, 2/15/98)

1994        Feb 15, US asked Aristide to adopt a peace plan for Haiti.
1994        Feb 15, US Navy chief Adm. Frank Kelso II agreed to early retirement because of criticism over the Tailhook sex abuse scandal.
    (AP, 2/15/99)
1994         Feb 15, Drifter Danny Harold Rolling entered a surprise guilty plea to the 1990 murders of five college students in Gainesville, Fla. In all, Rolling confessed to killing eight people, though there may have been more. As a result of his murder convictions, Rolling was executed by lethal injection on October 25, 2006.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danny_Rolling#Execution)(AP, 2/15/04)
1994        Feb 15, Viacom won a hard-fought victory to acquire Paramount Communications.
    (AP, 2/15/99)

1995        Feb 15, The FBI arrested Kevin Mitnick, its "most wanted hacker," and charged him with cracking security in some of the nation's most protected computers. Mitnick was released Jan. 21, 2000, after serving five years behind bars.
    (AP, 2/15/00)
1995        Feb 15, A fire roared through a three-story nightclub in Taichung, Taiwan, killing at least 64 people.
    (AP, 2/15/00)
1995        Feb 15, Population of People's Republic of China hit 1.2 billion.

1996        Feb 15, A federal judge temporarily blocked the Communications Decency Act, saying the government had to explain what material it considered indecent before it could enforce the law, designed to protect children from sexually explicit material on computer networks.
    (AP, 2/15/01)
1996        Feb 15, In the Toronto Globe and Star there was a report by Peter Whelan that “pesticides sprayed on fields in Argentina were killing tens of thousands of wintering Swainson’s hawks that nest on the Canadian prairies and the adjacent US Great Plains.”
    (NH, 10/96, p.51)
1996        Feb 15, The Sea Empress grounded off of Wales and spilled 18 million gallons (72,000 tons) of oil.
    (SFC, 11/20/02, p.A14)(http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/low/uk_news/55393.stm)
1996        Feb 15, Russian President Boris N. Yeltsin announced he would run for re-election.
    (AP, 2/15/01)

1997        Feb 15, Tara Lipinski upset Michelle Kwan at the U.S. Figure Skating Championships in Nashville, Tenn., becoming the youngest gold medalist at the nationals.
    (AP, 2/15/98)
1997        Feb 15, North Korean defector Lee Han-young was shot and mortally wounded in South Korea by North Korean agents, three days after another North Korean defected in Beijing. He was the nephew of the first wife of Kim Jon Il, who defected in 1982. Doctors pronounced him brain dead.
    (SFC, 2/17/97, p.A1,9)(AP, 2/15/98)
1997        Feb 15, In Zaire Rwandan soldiers killed about 200 refugees near the town of Kigulube.
    (AP, 10/1/10)

1998        Feb 15, Monica Lewinsky's attorney, William Ginsburg, continued his harsh criticism of Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr for alleged leaks of information to the news media, charging on CNN that his client's constitutional rights were being trampled.
    (AP, 2/15/03)
1998        Feb 15, Two Japanese ski jumpers, Kazuyoshi Funaki and Masahiko Harada, leapt to gold and bronze medals in the 120-meter event at the Nagano Olympics.
    (AP, 2/15/99)
1998        Feb 15, Armed men killed 32 people in 3 weekend attacks. 17 people had their throats slit in Saida, Algeria.
    (SFC, 2/16/98, p.A11)
1998        Feb 15, Pres. Glafcos Clerides (1919-2013) won a 2nd 5-year term in Cyprus elections with a 50.8% margin.
    (SFC, 2/16/98, p.A11)(AP, 11/16/13)
1998        Feb 15, In the Czech Republic a young Gypsy woman was pushed into the Elbe River by 3 skinheads. Her body was recovered 2 days later. It was the 3rd attack on Gypsies in 4 weeks. 3 suspects were detained.
    (SFC, 2/18/98, p.C3)

1999        Feb 15, President Clinton continued his whirlwind visit to Mexico, where he conferred with President Ernesto Zedillo. Clinton and Pres. Zedillo signed several accords on economic measures and the drug war.
    (AP, 2/15/04)(WSJ, 2/16/99, p.A1)
1999        Feb 15, Carole Sund (42), Julie Sund (15) and Silvina Pelosso were last seen at the Cedar Lodge motel in Portal, Ca. The trio were visiting the area from Eureka. Carole Sund's wallet and credit cards were found in Modesto on Feb 19. The FBI acknowledged Feb 21 that the disappearance was being treated as a kidnapping and a $250,000 reward was offered. Their rented Pontiac was found burned near Long Barn in Tuolemne County on Mar 18 and 2 burned bodies were found in the trunk. Cary Stayner, motel maintenance man, later admitted to the murders and faced trial in 2002. Stayner was convicted on Aug 26 and was sentenced to death Dec 12.
    (SFC, 2/23/99, p.A1)(SFC, 3/18/99, p.A1)(SFC, 3/20/99, p.A1)(SFC, 7/25/02, p.A17)(WSJ, 8/27/02, p.A1)(SFC, 12/13/02, p.A1)
1999        Feb 15, Tracey Biletnikoff (20) was strangled to death at Project Ninety, a drug treatment center in San Mateo, Ca. Her boyfriend, Mohammed Haroon Ali,  was convicted of her murder in 2001 and sentenced 55 years to life in prison. The conviction was overturned in 2009 after an appeals court ruled that a prosecutor had removed at least one juror for racial reasons. In 2012 Ali (36) was convicted a 2nd time. On June 15 he was sentenced to 55 years to life in prison.
    (SFC, 8/14/01, p.A13)(SFC, 3/16/12, p.C3)(SFC, 6/16/12, p.C2)
1999        Feb 15, The body of Amadou Diallo, an unarmed West African gunned down by New York City police, was returned to his native Guinea.
    (AP, 2/15/00)
1999        Feb 15, Scientists announced that a new vaccine against malaria would be tested in monkeys.
    (SFC, 2/16/99, p.A3)
1999        Feb 15, In Colombia a right-wing paramilitary group kidnapped 9 officials sent to investigate reports of a mass grave near Ceja.
    (WSJ, 2/16/99, p.A1)
1999        Feb 15, Eritrea reported that Ethiopia had begun a new round of shelling southwest of Assab.
    (SFC, 2/16/99, p.C2)
1999        Feb 15, In Nigeria Gen'l. Olusegun Obasanjo (61) won the nomination for president by the People's Democratic Party.
    (SFC, 2/16/99, p.A8)
1999        Feb 15, In Romania the Supreme Court sentenced in absentia Miron Cozma, leader of the coal miners, to an 18 year prison term.
    (SFC, 2/16/99, p.A8)
1999        Feb 15, It was reported that cholera in Bandera, Somalia, has killed at least 60 people and infected over 250.
    (WSJ, 2/16/99, p.A1)

2000        Feb 15, Fox aired “Who Wants to Marry a Multimillionaire?,” a TV special which drew huge ratings and much notoriety.
    (AP, 2/15/01)
2000        Feb 15, Republican presidential rivals George W. Bush and John McCain fought over campaign financing and the tenor of their nomination contest in a testy debate in Columbia, South Carolina, that included Alan Keyes.
    (AP, 2/15/01)
2000        Feb 15, In Argentina it was reported that a Pres. Fernando de la Rua had ordered a purge of the military and civilian intelligence apparatus and that over 1,500 agents had been fired or retired. Fernando de Santibanes, the new head of the Secretariat of State Intelligence (SIDE), fired a third of his 3,100 member staff a week earlier due to budget cuts.
    (SFC, 2/16/00, p.A8)
2000        Feb 15, In Germany the Christian Democrats were ordered to return over $20 million in state campaign funds for breaking campaign finance laws.
    (SFC, 2/16/00, p.A8)
2000        Feb 15, In Iraq a 2nd UN official quit in protest that sanctions were undermining humanitarian efforts.
    (WSJ, 2/16/00, p.A1)
2000        Feb 15, In Northern Ireland the IRA quit talks on disarmament in reprisal for Britain's suspension of the power-sharing government.
    (SFC, 2/16/00, p.A8)

2001        Feb 15, President Bush said the Pentagon should review its policy on civilian participation in military exercises like the emergency ascent drill a Navy submarine was performing when it sank a Japanese fishing vessel off Hawaii.
    (AP, 2/15/02)
2001        Feb 15, A UN team confirmed that the Taliban had nearly wiped out opium production in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 2/16/01, p.A17)
2001        Feb 15, In Congo the warring parties met and Joseph Kabila agreed to initiate talks with rebel groups. The rebel Movement for the Liberation of Congo agreed to endorse a details withdrawal plan.
    (SFC, 2/16/01, p.A16)
2001        Feb 15, Hans-Joachim Klein, a former German terrorist, was sentenced to nine years in prison by a German court for killing three people in a 1975 attack on an OPEC meeting in Vienna, Austria.
    (AP, 2/15/02)
2001        Feb 15, In Israel Ehud Barak agreed to become the defense minister under Ariel Sharon.
    (SFC, 2/16/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 15, In Mexico gunmen shot and killed 12 villagers in the village of Limoncito de Ayala in Sinaloa state.
    (SFC, 2/16/01, p.D2)

2002        Feb 15, Pres. Bush approved the Nevada Yucca Mountain site for nuclear waste. Nevada filed suit to block the decision.
    (SFC, 2/16/02, p.A7)
2002        Feb 15, Skating and Olympics officials awarded Canadian pairs figure skaters Jamie Sale and David Pelletier a gold medal, while letting the Russian pair, Elena Berezhnaya and Anton Sikharulidze, keep their gold medal, as a way to resolve a judging controversy that had dominated the Winter Games in Salt Lake City.
    (AP, 2/15/03)
2002        Feb 15, American and Belgian officials said Sanjivan Ruprah, a Kenyan diamond mine owner, offered details between al Qaeda and the arms-trading operations of Victor Bout, a Russian broker described as the head of the world’s largest arms-trafficking organization.
    (SFC, 2/16/02, p.A4)
2002        Feb 15, Globalstar, a satellite telephone company, filed for bankruptcy. The company had spent $4 billion to launch a network of 48 communications satellites.
    (SFC, 2/16/02, p.B1)
2002        Feb 15, Howard K. Smith (87), war correspondent and news analyst (ABC co-anchor), died in Bethesda, Md.
    (SFC, 2/19/02, p.A14)
2002        Feb 15, In Britain asylum seekers rioted at the Yarl’s Wood institution near Bedford and 20 escaped. 10 were soon captured.
    (SFC, 2/16/02, p.A13)
2002        Feb 15, An Israeli commando leader was killed by a falling wall as his troops demolished a Palestinian militant’s home in the West Bank. Israel fired rockets at PLO offices in the Jabalija refugee camp and one security officer was killed. Israeli Sgt. Lee Nahman Akunis (20) was killed by Fatah gunmen outside the West Bank village of Skurda.
    (SFC, 2/16/02, p.A9)

2003          Feb 15, Millions of protesters, many of them marching in the capitals of America's allies, demonstrated against possible US plans to attack Iraq.
    (AP, 2/16/03)
2003          Feb 15, Tens of thousands of people gathered in downtown Sydney and around Australia to protest possible war with Iraq and their country's involvement.
    (AP, 2/16/03)
2003          Feb 15, Tens of thousands of New Zealanders demonstrated against a war in Iraq.
    (AP, 2/16/03)
2003          Feb 15, Rattled by an outpouring of anti-war sentiment, the US and Britain began reworking a draft resolution to authorize force against Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 2/15/03)
2003          Feb 15, American warplanes bombed two anti-aircraft missile sites in southern Iraq.
    (AP, 2/15/03)
2003          Feb 15, Anti-war protests drew hundreds of thousands of people in cities around the world.
    (AP, 2/15/03)
2003          Feb 15, It was reported that 11 million Ethiopians face famine due to drought affecting 15% of the nation's harvest.
    (SFC, 2/15/03, p.A12)
2003          Feb 15, A roadside bomb exploded next to an Israeli tank in the Gaza Strip, killing all four soldiers inside. Hamas claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 2/15/03)(SSFC, 2/16/03, p.A10)
2003          Feb 15, In India 7 men from Hindu upper castes were killed at a roadside restaurant the crime-prone Bihar state. The upper-caste men were apparently killed to avenge the killings 2 days earlier of 7 lower-caste Dalits.
    (AP, 2/16/03)
2003          Feb 15, Nigerian oil workers launched an indefinite strike that could shut down crude exports in the world's 6th largest oil exporter.
    (AP, 2/15/03)

2004        Feb 15, Dale Earnhardt Jr. won the Daytona 500 on the same track where his father was killed three years earlier.
    (AP, 2/15/05)
2004        Feb 15, John Kerry won the DC and Nevada presidential caucuses.
    (SSFC, 2/15/04, p.A3)
2004        Feb 15, Actress Jan Miner (86), best known as "Madge the manicurist" in Palmolive TV ads, died in Bethel, Conn.
    (AP, 2/15/05)
2004        Feb 15, In Brazil gunmen ambushed a busload of police in Rio and killed 3 officers.
    (WSJ, 2/17/04, p.A1)
2004        Feb 15, In northeastern China a fire swept through a shopping center, killing 51 people and injuring dozens more. Hours later, a fire in a temple in the country's southeast killed 39 people. The 2 blazes killed at least 93 people.
    (AP, 2/15/04)(AP, 2/15/05)
2004        Feb 15, In India a boat carrying villagers returning from a picnic capsized in the Ganges River. 17 people were missing and believed drowned.
    (AP, 2/15/04)
2004        Feb 15, Iraqi police arrested No. 41 on the American military's most-wanted list, Baath Party official Mohammed Zimam Abdul-Razaq.
    (AP, 2/15/04)
2004        Feb 15, In Peru the government of embattled President Alejandro Toledo appointed a new lineup of Cabinet ministers as he tries to survive a deepening political crisis. It was Toledo's fifth shake-up in 30 months.
    (AP, 2/16/04)

2005        Feb 15, Defrocked priest Paul Shanley was sentenced in Boston to 12 to 15 years in prison on child rape charges.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2005        Feb 15, Christopher Pittman, a teen who claimed the antidepressant Zoloft had driven him to kill his grandparents at age 12, was found guilty in Charleston, S.C., of murder and sentenced to 30 years in prison.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2005        Feb 15, The Gates Foundation granted $32 million for 35 new small schools in NYC. Mayor Bloomberg had recently announced the closure of a number of large, troubled schools to be replaced by 200 new small schools with pupils capped at 500-600.
    (Econ, 3/5/05, p.33)
2005        Feb 15, Brazil’s Chamber of Deputies chose Severino Cavalcanti, a leader of Congress’s “low clergy,” as president. The position determines the agenda of Congress and his selection was seen as a setback to Pres. da Silva
    (Econ, 2/19/05, p.36)
2005        Feb 15, The Falcon 7X, a business jet designed and built by the French aviation company  Dassault, was displayed for the first time. It was the first plane to be digitally modeled in 3-dimensions and required no prototype.
    (Econ, 6/18/05, p.78)(http://tinyurl.com/lxlgt2)
2005        Feb 15, In southern Lebanon an angry mob attacked Syrian workers and another group threw stones and set fires outside a Syrian government office in Beirut, blaming Damascus for the bomb that killed former PM Rafik Hariri.
    (AP, 2/15/05)
2005        Feb 15, The Guam-based Citizens Security Bank (CSB) ended credit card and other services to the Bank of Marshall Islands. Residents of the Marshall Islands will be unable to use their credit cards after the central Pacific nation's leading bank was cut off from a US partner by the anti-terrorist Patriot Act.
    (AFP, 2/10/05)
2005        Feb 15, In Mexico the bodies of 12 men killed by hitmen believed linked to drug gangs were found in the northern state of Sinaloa, in what appears to be one of the deadliest one-day tolls in violent drug battles in recent years.
    (AP, 2/15/05)
2005        Feb 15, In eastern Nepal an overnight clash between government troops and communist rebels left at least 12 rebels and 3 soldiers dead.
    (AP, 2/15/05)
2005        Feb 15, It was reported that major energy firms had committed $20 billion to build a new gas-to-liquids (GTL) plant in Qatar to develop the huge natural gas reserves there.
    (WSJ, 2/15/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 15, In Pakistan gunmen opened fire on mourners returning from a funeral near a Muslim shrine on the outskirts of Islamabad, killing at least 2 people and injuring several others.
    (AP, 2/15/05)
2005        Feb 15, The Thailand Cabinet approved establishing a new infantry division of 12,000 troops to be based permanently in southern Thailand, where violence blamed on Muslim insurgents has claimed more than 650 lives in the past year.
    (AP, 2/15/05)

2006         Feb 15, Vice President Dick Cheney accepted blame for accidentally shooting a hunting companion, calling it “one of the worst days of my life,” but was defiantly unapologetic in a Fox News Channel interview about not publicly disclosing the accident until the next day.
    (AP, 2/15/07)
2006        Feb 15, A US Republican-led House committee report, “A Failure of Initiative,” cited major failures at all levels of government in the handling of Hurricane Katrina. Several top Bush administration officials were singled out for criticism. Testifying before the Senate, Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff acknowledged delayed aid and fumbled coordination in the federal response to Hurricane Katrina.
    (SFC, 2/16/06, p.A1)(AP, 2/15/07)
2006        Feb 15, Members of Congress blasted four US tech giants (Microsoft Corp., Yahoo Inc., Cisco Systems Inc. and Google Inc.) accusing the companies of willingly helping China oppress internal dissent in return for access to a booming Internet market.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 15, Ben Bernanke made his debut before the US Congress as Federal Reserve chairman. He said inflation is still a risk and suggested that interest rate increases are not over.
    (WSJ, 2/16/06, p.A1)
2006        Feb 15, Merril Lynch handed its $544 million fund operation to Black Rock in exchange for just under half of the combined firm. Black Hawk financed the $9.8 billion transaction with its own stock.
    (Econ, 2/18/06, p.73)
2006        Feb 15, Police in Los Angeles, Ca., busted 8 people connected to an int’l. car theft ring. The racket, disguised as a charity group, was linked to Chechnya and police believed proceeds from the stolen cars was used to finance Chechen terrorist operations.
    (WSJ, 12/29/06, p.A1)
2006        Feb 15, Robert Rich (92), inventor of frozen non-dairy topping, died. In 1990 he was among the 1st 4 people inducted into the Frozen Food Hall of Fame.
    (Econ, 2/25/06, p.89)
2006        Feb 15, Afghan President Hamid Karzai pressed his Pakistani counterpart on to root out militants Afghanistan claims have launched a spate of recent cross-border suicide bombings.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 15, The beheaded bodies of two Afghan intelligence agents were found dumped in western Afghanistan as the first of thousands of British troop reinforcements arrived in the south. The intelligence agents had been captured in Farah province two days ago by suspected remnants of the Taliban.
    (AFP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 15, An Australian television network broadcast photographs and video clips Wednesday that it said were previously unpublished images of the abuse of Iraqis held in US military custody at Abu Ghraib prison in 2003. Many of the images broadcast were more graphic than those previously published, showing what appear to be dead bodies, as well as wounded people and prisoners performing sex acts.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 15, British lawmakers voted to ban glorifying terrorism, giving PM Tony Blair a badly needed victory on a measure he said was key to preventing future attacks.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 15, A Chilean environmental agency approved ambitious plans for an open-pit mine high in the Andes mountains were unanimously, but the project's future remained unclear because the agency rejected its most controversial aspect, relocating three glaciers to reach the gold underneath.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 15, China announced a plan to combat widespread pollution and leave a better environment for future generations, citing the need to stave off possible social instability.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 15, In southern Colombia hundreds of paramilitary fighters handed in their weapons and renounced violence in a ceremony. Rebels attacked a crew that was removing coca plants from one of Colombia's national parks and killed at least six police guards.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 15, President Jacques Chirac ordered the Clemenceau, a decommissioned aircraft carrier, to return to France after a top administrative court suspended its transfer to India.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 15, Germany said further tests had confirmed H5N1 bird flu in two swans, prompting other European countries to step up efforts to prevent the virus infecting domestic livestock.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 15, Rene Preval was declared the winner of Haiti's presidential election under an agreement between the interim government and electoral council.
    (AP, 2/16/06)(Econ, 2/18/06, p.35)
2006        Feb 15, Nermine Othman, Iraq's human rights minister, said that some 170 Iraqis were tortured last year in a secret prison in Baghdad and she would recommend prosecutions of officials, including judges who did not report the abuses. The torture occurred in Interior Ministry buildings, including one in Baghdad's Jadriyah district.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 15, A bomb exploded on a central Baghdad street, killing three girls and a boy walking to school. The dead included two sisters and their brother. At least 14 other people, including six policemen, died in car bombings and shootings across the Iraqi capital. In July, 2006, Spc. Nathan Lynn (21) of South Williamsport, Penn., was acquitted of voluntary manslaughter and conspiracy to obstruct justice over the death of Gani Ahmed Zaben during a Feb. 15 raid on a suspect's house.
    (AP, 2/15/06)(AP, 7/23/06)
2006        Feb 15, A Jordanian military court sentenced to death nine men, including al-Qaida in Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, for a plot to carry out a chemical attack against the kingdom. Al-Zarqawi and three others received the death penalty in absentia.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 15, In central Mexico a bus careened off a windy highway and into a ravine in the Sierra Gorda mountains, killing 23 people and injuring 14.
    (AP, 2/16/06)
2006        Feb 15, In Nepal insurgents ambushed an army patrol near the village of Bibeke, about 150 miles west of Kathmandu, killing at least three soldiers and injuring two others.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 15, More than 70,000 people joined Pakistan's biggest protest yet against Prophet Muhammad cartoons, burning movie theaters, a KFC restaurant and a South Korean-run bus station. Three people died and dozens were injured in two cities.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 15, Pakistan deported nearly 600 Afghans who had been jailed in the southern city of Karachi for up to six months on charges of illegal immigration.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 15, Gunmen on a motorcycle killed three Chinese engineers and their Pakistani driver in a remote tribal region of southwestern Pakistan.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 15, In Peru Arndt Hubert Kupper (36) and Eva Noruzka la Torre (22), a German man and his Peruvian wife, were arrested for trafficking Peruvian babies to adoptive parents in Europe through an Internet site.
    (AP, 2/18/06)
2006        Feb 15, Russia's foreign minister said that Iran must eliminate international concerns it could use its nuclear program to make weapons before Moscow will support Tehran's right to domestically enrich uranium.
    (AP, 2/15/06)
2006        Feb 15, Kurdish protesters armed with firebombs and stones battled with Turkish police to mark the seventh anniversary of guerrilla leader Abdullah Ocalan's capture.
    (AP, 2/15/06)

2007        Feb 15, Top US auditors told Congress that over $10 billion paid to military contractors for Iraq reconstruction and troop support was either excessive or unsupported by documents.
    (SFC, 2/16/07, p.A13)
2007        Feb 15, A US federal judge ordered a trial for a suit seeking $105 million from Sudan for aid to al-Qaeda in the USS Cole bombing that killed 17 in 2000.
    (WSJ, 2/16/07, p.A1)
2007        Feb 15, Jim Black (72), US House speaker from North Carolina, pleaded guilty to illegally taking thousands of dollars from chiropractors while pushing their legislative agenda. Black was sentenced to 5 years in prison for political corruption.
    (SFC, 7/31/07, p.A3)(http://preview.tinyurl.com/369jo9)
2007        Feb 15, A new version of the US $1 coin, paying tribute to American presidents, went into general circulation. A unknown number were mistakenly struck without their edge inscription “In God We Trust.” George Washington appeared on the first coin.
    (AP, 2/15/07)(SFC, 3/8/07, p.A2)(AH, 4/07, p.10)
2007        Feb 15, Hundreds of drivers became stranded on a stretch of eastern Pennsylvania that had been hit by a monster storm. The National Guard was called in to deliver food and other necessities to a 50-mile line of vehicles trapped on I-78.
    (WSJ, 2/16/07, p.A1)(AP, 2/16/08)
2007        Feb 15, Hershey Co. said it would cut about 11 percent of its workforce and reduce the number of production lines it operates by more than a third as it spends as much as $575 million to overhaul its manufacturing. The Chicago-based US chocolate maker also said it will build a new, cost-efficient manufacturing plant in Monterrey, Mexico.
    (Reuters, 2/15/07)
2007        Feb 15, JetBlue Airways Corp. tried to calm a maelstrom of criticism, after passengers were left waiting on planes at a NY airport for as long as 11 hours during a snow and ice storm.
    (AP, 2/15/07)
2007        Feb 15, Government scientists struggled to pinpoint the source of the first US salmonella outbreak linked to peanut butter. Nearly 300 people in 39 states have fallen ill since August, and federal health investigators said they strongly suspect Peter Pan peanut butter and certain batches of Wal-Mart's Great Value house brand, both manufactured by ConAgra Foods. By June the number of cases grew to over 600 in 47 states.
    (AP, 2/16/07)(AP, 6/1/07)
2007        Feb 15, Scientists gathered in Atlanta, Ga., to find a way to stop a fungus killing the world’s frogs. Up to 170 species have gone extinct in the past decade.
    (WSJ, 2/16/07, p.A1)
2007        Feb 15, Robert Adler (93), co-inventor of the TV remote control, died in Boise, Idaho. He and Eugene Polley invented the Zenith Space Command remote control in 1956.
    (SFC, 2/17/07, p.A2)
2007        Feb 15, Ray Evans (b.1915), songwriter and longtime partner with Jay Livingston (d.2001), died. Their songs included “Whatever Will be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera)” and “Mona Lisa,” as well as the themes for the TV series “Bonanza” and “Mr. Ed.”
    (SSFC, 2/18/07, p.D7)
2007        Feb 15, A summit of African leaders opened in Cannes on the French Riviera. The crisis in Darfur and violence in Guinea overshadowed the summit, as well as perennial issues of poverty, development and AIDS. France won agreement from three involved African nations (Sudan, Chad and Central African Republic) that they would not support armed rebel movements on each other's territories.
    (AP, 2/15/07)(AP, 2/15/07)
2007        Feb 15, Officials warned of a potential environmental disaster in Antarctica after fire erupted on a Japanese whaling ship, as the search continued for a missing crewmen from the crippled ship. The next day Japanese officials said the ship posed no environmental threat.
    (AP, 2/15/07)(AP, 2/16/07)
2007        Feb 15, The Australian government said it was negotiating with the US on a plan to build a military satellite communications facility in Perth. Defense Minister Brendan Nelson said the two nations had negotiated for two years to build a number of ground-based communications systems around Australia.
    (AP, 2/15/07)
2007        Feb 15, It was reported that shooting ranges continued to operate in Cambodia despite government  cancellation of licenses in 1997. Tourists were able to fire 30 rounds with an AK-47 for $30. Other offers included tossing grenades at chickens for $200 and killing a cow with a rocket-propelled grenade for $555.
    (SFC, 2/15/07, p.14)
2007        Feb 15, A fast-thinking pilot with passengers in cahoots fooled hijacker Mohamed Abderraman, a 32-year-old Mauritanian, by braking hard upon landing in Gran Canaria, then accelerating to knock the man down. When he fell, flight attendants threw boiling water in his face, and about 10 people pounced on him.
    (AP, 2/16/07)
2007        Feb 15, Five Colombian congressmen, including the brother of the foreign minister, were arrested in a widening scandal linking the country's political class and far-right militias drew closer to the president.
    (AP, 2/16/07)
2007        Feb 15, The Security Council voted unanimously to extend the nearly 18,000-strong UN peacekeeping force in Congo for two months to give the secretary-general time to recommend possible changes in its mandate following last year's successful elections.
    (AP, 2/15/07)
2007        Feb 15, In Egypt police arrested 80 members of the Muslim Brotherhood, in what appeared to be a pre-emptive strike against the country's largest Islamic group ahead of elections and a key parliamentary debate.
    (Reuters, 2/15/07)
2007        Feb 15, Nadia Abdel Hafez, an Egyptian woman (37), died of bird flu in a Cairo hospital and a boy, 5, became the 22nd Egyptian to test positive for the deadly disease.
    (Reuters, 2/16/07)
2007        Feb 15, Estonian lawmakers narrowly approved a bill calling for the removal of a Soviet war memorial from their capital, ignoring Moscow's warning of "irreversible consequences" for relations between the two countries.
    (AP, 2/15/07)
2007        Feb 15, Nokia, the world's leading maker of mobile phones, said it would shed some 700 jobs, with Finland taking the brunt of the cuts.
    (AFP, 2/15/07)
2007        Feb 15, In Germany Ernst Zundel (b.1939), a far-right activist, was convicted of incitement and sentenced to the maximum five years in prison for anti-Semitic activities, including contributing to a Web site dedicated to Holocaust denial.
    (AP, 2/15/07)
2007        Feb 15, An adviser to Iraq's prime minister said that radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr is in Iran, but denied he fled due to fear of arrest during an escalating security crackdown.
    (AP, 2/15/07)
2007        Feb 15, Iraqi and US troops moved into a Sunni neighborhood in southern Baghdad, while insurgents struck back with car bombs that killed seven people. In southern Iraq, British troops sealed off the border with Iran to prevent weapons smuggling. Terror leader Abu Hamza al-Muhajir, also known as Abu Ayyub al-Masri, was wounded and an aide killed in a clash with Iraqi forces near Balad, north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/15/07)(AP, 2/16/07)
2007        Feb 15, Assailants shot dead four police officers in the western Mexican city of Aguascalientes, the latest in a wave of slayings of law enforcement officers across Mexico.
    (AP, 2/15/07)
2007        Feb 15, Palestine’s PM Ismail Haniyeh and his government resigned and President Mahmoud Abbas of Fatah appointed him to form the new team, based on last week's agreement in the Muslim holy city of Mecca to split power between the two rivals.
    (AP, 2/16/07)
2007        Feb 15, A leftist student leader was murdered in the central Philippines, amid plans to set up special tribunals to try people suspected of carrying out extrajudicial killings. Farly Alcantara (22) was head of the League of Filipino Students at Camarines Norte State College.
    (AFP, 2/16/07)
2007        Feb 15, Russia’s President Vladimir Putin dismissed Alu Alkhanov, the president of the republic of Chechnya, and named its widely feared PM Ramzan Kadyrov as acting president.
    (AP, 2/16/07)(Econ, 2/24/07, p.62)
2007        Feb 15, Russia’s Pres. Vladimir Putin named Anatoly Serdyukov as defense minister, the country’s first civilian defense minister in 90 years.
    (AP, 11/5/10)(http://newstopics.jpost.com/topic/Anatoliy_Serdyukov)
2007        Feb 15, President Paul Kagame said in an interview published in The Times that Rwanda wants to join the Commonwealth, the 53-nation grouping of former British colonies, in what will be seen as a rebuke to France.
    (AFP, 2/15/07)

2008        Feb 15, A leading US doctor’s group endorsed the medical use of marijuana and urged the government to life a ban.
    (WSJ, 2/16/08, p.A1)
2008        Feb 15, It was reported that a new computer virus called Mocmex, identified as a Trojan Horse from China, had been discovered in digital photo frames. It recognized and blocked antivirus software from over 100 security vendors and collected passwords for online games.
    (SFC, 2/15/08, p.C1)
2008        Feb 15, In Afghanistan bitter cold, snowstorms and avalanches were reported to have killed 926 people, half of them in the hard hit west, as the country suffered one of the most brutal winters in decades.
    (AP, 2/15/08)
2008        Feb 15, Representatives for Australian Aborigines confirmed plans to launch the first compensation lawsuits since a landmark government apology earlier this week for past abuses.
    (AP, 2/15/08)
2008        Feb 15, A group of Canadian sex trade workers hoping to set up a legal "co-op" brothel in time for the 2010 Olympics in Vancouver said they have won approval to incorporate themselves.
    (Reuters, 2/15/08)
2008        Feb 15, A restaurant fire in eastern China killed 11 people and injured at least 4 others.
    (AP, 2/15/08)
2008        Feb 15, Czech President Vaclav Klaus won a second five-year term. Lawmakers chose him over a University of Michigan economics professor.
    (AP, 2/16/08)
2008        Feb 15, In northern Copenhagen gangs of rioters set fire to cars and garbage trucks, the sixth night of rioting and vandalism that has spread from the capital to other Danish cities.
    (Reuters, 2/16/08)
2008        Feb 15, Two international rights groups said Egyptian police have stepped up arrests of persons suspected of having HIV, detaining four men this month in a crackdown that violates basic human rights.
    (AP, 2/15/08)
2008        Feb 15, In eastern India hundreds of Maoist militants stormed six police compounds in carefully coordinated attacks, killing 13 police personnel and one civilian. 11 policemen were injured.
    (AP, 2/16/08)
2008        Feb 15, A 3-year-old Indonesian boy died of bird flu, the country's second death from the illness in one day. The two cases, which were apparently unrelated, brought Indonesia's bird flu death toll to 105.
    (AP, 2/16/08)
2008        Feb 15, In Iraq 2 suicide bombers, one apparently armed with a grenade as well as an explosive vest, killed at least three people and wounded 17 as worshippers left a Shiite mosque after prayers in the northwestern city of Tal Afar. 3 neighborhood security guards were killed and 2 others injured when US attack helicopters fired at their checkpoint south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/15/08)(SFC, 2/16/08, p.A6)
2008        Feb 15, In Mexico City a bomb exploded near the police headquarters killing one man. A singer and two members of his staff were tortured and killed just south of the California border, apparently the latest victims in a string of slayings of Mexican musicians. The border killings were not reported until Feb 20.
    (WSJ, 2/16/08, p.A1)(AP, 2/20/08)
2008        Feb 15, In Gaza City a powerful blast went off in the house of Ayman Atallah Fayed, a senior Islamic Jihad activist, killing him, his wife, three sons and three neighbors.
    (AP, 2/16/08)
2008        Feb 15, In the Philippines thousands of protesters massed in Jakarta with some hurling tomatoes at images of President Gloria Arroyo and her husband, demanding their ouster for alleged corruption.
    (AP, 2/15/08)
2008        Feb 15, Sova, a Russian human rights group, said hate crimes in Russia have killed 17 people and injured more than 50 others since the beginning of the year.
    (AP, 2/15/08)
2008        Feb 15, Serbia's newly re-elected president Boris Tadic pledged at his inauguration that he would never stop fighting against independence for Kosovo.
    (AP, 2/15/08)
2008        Feb 15, In southeast Turkey hundreds of Kurdish protesters battled police, leaving a young demonstrator dead and dozens injured on the ninth anniversary of guerrilla leader Abdullah Ocalan's capture.
    (AP, 2/16/08)

2009        Feb 15, In Washington state a 16-year-old girl was found dead and another teenage girl was discovered unconscious in a barracks at Fort Lewis Army base south of Tacoma. In March Army authorities charged Pvt. Timothy E. Bennitt (19) if the drug overdose of his girlfriend.
    (AP, 2/16/09)(SFC, 3/11/09, p.A8)
2009        Feb 15, Illinois Republicans called for the resignation of Democratic Sen. Roland Burris following reports of contradicting statements regarding conversations with close associates of former Gov. Rod Blagojevich. The next day Burris admitted that he tried to raise money for Gov. Blagojevich before being appointed to the US Senate.
    (SFC, 2/16/09, p.A5)(WSJ, 2/17/09, p.A3)
2009        Feb 15, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said his government will take part in a US strategic review of the war there in a sign of increased cooperation at a time of strained relations. An appeals court upheld 20-year prison sentences for two men who published a translation of the Quran that drove religious leaders to call for their execution. The controversial text is a translation of Islam's holy book into an Afghan language without the original Arabic verses alongside. A host of Muslim clerics have condemned the translation, which was published in 2007 and handed out for free, as blasphemous and accused its publishers of setting themselves up as false prophets. A coalition airstrike killed Ghulam Dastagir and eight other militants in the village of Darya-ye-Morghab. Dastagir was a powerful Taliban commander who broke a promise to renounce violence after village elders persuaded President Hamid Karzai to free him from prison.
    (AP, 2/15/09)(AP, 2/16/09)
2009        Feb 15, A series of attacks in Algeria left seven soldiers and a suspected militant dead, as authorities ratcheted up efforts to secure the country before presidential elections. An Algerian newspaper reported that security forces killed a senior member of Al Qaeda's north African wing after a tip-off from a former militant led them to his hideout. The daily Ennahar reported that Mourad Bouzid (65), also known as Ami Slimane, was a charismatic figure instrumental in recruiting and motivating younger Al Qaeda fighters.
    (AP, 2/16/09)(Reuters, 2/15/09)
2009        Feb 15, Britain's Sunday Times reported that Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe has bought a 4 million pound ($5.6 million) home in Hong Kong. It was bought last year, as Mugabe's 20-year-old daughter began studying at the University of Hong Kong. The paper said it was one of several properties the Mugabes own in Asia but the first to be documented.
    (AP, 2/16/09)
2009        Feb 15, China and Tanzania signed cooperation agreements worth millions of dollars during a visit by President Hu Jintao to this east African country aimed to reinforce ties.
    (AFP, 2/15/09)
2009        Feb 15, French specialists unveiled a new weapon against cancer, a molecular "decoy" that mimics DNA damage and prompts cancerous cells to kill themselves.
    (AFP, 2/16/09)
2009        Feb 15, Iraqi officials nullified election results in more than 30 polling stations across the country due to fraud in last month's provincial balloting, but the cases were not significant enough to require a new vote in any province. A bomb hidden in a garbage pile killed one person and injured 18 others in Sadr City. In Mosul one civilian and one police officer were killed in two separate attacks on police patrols. Police arrested a would-be suicide bomber south of Baghdad who had explosives under his clothes and said he was also planning to target pilgrims headed to Karbala. US Staff Sgt. Dean D. diamond (41) was killed after an improvised explosive device detonated near his vehicle.
    (AP, 2/15/09)(SFC, 2/18/09, p.B5)
2009        Feb 15, Authorities in Malaysia arrested 26 unmarried Muslim couples in hotel rooms during Operation Valentine, aimed at curbing illegal premarital sex in this conservative country.
    (AP, 2/16/09)
2009        Feb 15, A rickety boat carrying illegal migrants from Morocco capsized in rough seas just off Spain's Canary Islands and 19 of them drowned. At least three were missing.
    (AP, 2/16/09)
2009        Feb 15, The Taliban announced a 10-day cease-fire in Pakistan's Swat Valley after freeing a Chinese hostage during peace talks with the government, while an abducted American threatened with imminent death by his kidnappers remained missing.
    (AP, 2/15/09)
2009        Feb 15, In southern Russia a fire ripped through a wooden apartment building, killing 16 people in Molodyozhny, a village in the Astrakhan region.
    (AP, 2/15/09)
2009        Feb 15, Shots from a Russian naval vessel sank the Chinese-owned cargo ship the New Star off Russia's east coast. 8 the 16 crew members on board were killed. The Sierra Leone-flagged, Chinese-owned vessel New Star had earlier fled the Russian port of Nakhodka where it had been impounded for alleged smuggling.
    (AFP, 2/20/09)
2009        Feb 15, In Turkey police clashed with stone-throwing demonstrators across the country's predominantly Kurdish southeast during protests marking the 10th anniversary of a separatist rebel leader's capture.
    (AP, 2/15/09)
2009        Feb 15, Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez tried for a second time to win the right to seek re-election far into the future with a referendum widely regarded as a way to cement socialism. Some 55% percent of the voters approved the amendment.
    (AP, 2/15/09)(AP, 2/16/09)(Econ, 2/21/09, p.39)

2010        Feb 15, The US Federal Housing Administration adopted home-valuation reforms, the Home Valuation Code of Conduct” (HVCC) that were implemented last year by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, despite complaints by real estate agents, home buyers and sellers, mortgage brokers and appraisers.
    (SSFC, 2/21/10, p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/yesbts6)
2010        Feb 15, Astronauts successfully attached a fancy new observation deck to the International Space Station after a long, frustrating night spent dealing with stuck bolts and wayward wiring.
    (AP, 2/15/10)
2010        Feb 15, In New Jersey a small plane crashed at Monmouth Executive airport killing 5 people aboard.
    (SFC, 2/16/10, p.A6)
2010        Feb 15, Art Van Damme (b.1920), jazz accordionist, died. From 1945 to 1960 he worked for NBC, performing on The Dinah Shore Show, Tonight, The Dave Garroway Show and other radio and TV shows with Garroway. He recorded 130 episodes of the 15-minute The Art Van Damme Show for NBC Radio.
2010        Feb 15, Jeanne M. Holm, the first woman to rise to the rank of general in the US Air Force and the first woman to become a two-star general in any US armed service, died in Annapolis, Md.
    (SFC, 3/3/10, p.C5)
2010        Feb 15, In Afghanistan sniper teams attacked US Marines and Afghan troops across the Taliban haven of Marjah, as several gun battles erupted on the third day of a major offensive to seize the extremists' southern heartland.
    (AP, 2/15/10)
2010        Feb 15, In Antarctic waters Peter Bethune, a member of the US-based Sea Shepherd activist group, jumped aboard the Shonan Maru 2 from a Jet Ski with the stated goal of making a citizen's arrest of the ship's captain and presenting him with a $3 million bill for the destruction of a protest ship last month. The Japanese government said Bethune will be charged with trespassing and assault and tried under Japanese law.
    (AP, 2/16/10)
2010        Feb 15, In Belgium two commuter trains collided head-on after one ran a stop light at rush hour in a Brussels suburb, killing at least 18 people and injuring 55.
    (AP, 2/15/10)
2010        Feb 15, In Brazil Julia Lira, Rio's 7-year-old Carnival drum corps queen, danced at the front of the samba parade. She didn't like the cameras that homed in on her, and reacted as any child might, by having a good cry.
    (AP, 2/15/10)
2010        Feb 15, In London, England, a 33-year-old man was arrested after the body of a Saudi man (32) was discovered at the prestigious Landmark Hotel in the Marylebone area. The suspect claimed to be a member of the Saudi royal family. Prince Saud Bin Abdulaziz Bin Nasir Bin Abdulaziz Al Saud was soon charged for the killing of Bandar Abdullah Abdulaziz. On Oct 19 the prince was convicted of murder. Photographs of Abdulaziz stored on a mobile phone had shown that there was a "sexual element" to the abuse.
    (AFP, 2/17/10)(AP, 2/19/10)(AP, 10/19/10)
2010        Feb 15, British Airways said it would use low-carbon fuel to power part of its fleet from 2014 once Europe's first sustainable jet-fuel plant was built by US biofuels specialist Solena Group. A plant to be built in London will convert 500,000 tons of waste into 16 million gallons of green jet fuel annually.
    (AFP, 2/15/10)
2010        Feb 15, Canada PM Harper began a 2-day visit to Haiti and said his country will build the Haitian government a temporary base.
    (AP, 2/15/10)
2010        Feb 15, A Montreal financial adviser convicted of running a Ponzi scheme, like the one that landed Bernard Madoff in jail for life, was sentenced to 11 years in prison. Bertram Earl Jones was accused of swindling investors out of as much as C$50 million ($46.7 million).
    (Reuters, 2/15/10)
2010        Feb 15, Congo’s Radio Okapi, a UN-run station, said Rwandan Hutu rebels have killed at least 27 people in eastern Congo already this month.
    (AP, 2/15/10)
2010        Feb 15, Dubai police held a stunning news conference and blamed the Jan 19 slaying of Mahmoud al-Mabhouh on a team of 10 men and one woman carrying passports from Britain, Ireland, France and Germany.
    (AP, 2/16/10)
2010        Feb 15, In Spain, at the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, Apple announced its new Windows Phone 7 software. Nokia, the world's biggest maker of mobile handsets, said it would merge its Linux Maemo software platform, used in its flagship N900 phone, with Intel's Moblin, which is also based on Linux open-sourced software, to create a new platform, MeeGo. The software deal was set to boost Intel's chances of getting its chips into the cellphones of the Finnish company, which controls around 40% of the global phone market.
    (Reuters, 2/15/10)(SFC, 2/16/10, p.D1)
2010        Feb 15, In eastern India suspected armed Maoist rebels riding motorcycles killed at least 24 policemen in a daring gun and bomb attack on a security camp. Two Maoist guerrillas were also killed in the raid in West Bengal state's Midnapore district.
    (AFP, 2/15/10)(AP, 2/16/10)
2010        Feb 15, In Iraq greengrocer Fatukhi Munir was gunned down inside his Mosul shop in a drive-by shooting.
    (AFP, 2/20/10)
2010        Feb 15, Israel's PM Netanyahu called for "crippling sanctions" against Iran over its nuclear program after a meeting in Moscow with Russia's top officials, whom he praised for showing "an understanding" over the issue.
    (AP, 2/15/10)
2010        Feb 15, Libya suspended the issuing of entry visas to European citizens apart from British nationals. Italy's foreign ministry confirmed the measure and said it was in retaliation for Switzerland's recent decision to publish a blacklist of 180 Libyans banned from entering the country.
    (Reuters, 2/15/10)
2010        Feb 15, Myanmar sentenced four activists to prison terms with hard labor as special UN envoy Tomas Ojea Quintana arrived to assess progress on human rights in the country. The four women were arrested last October after being accused of offering Buddhist monks alms that included religious literature.
    (AP, 2/16/10)
2010        Feb 15, Yara, a Norwegian fertilizer maker, agreed to pay $4.1 billion for Terra, an American company. This would extend Yara’s lead as the world’s biggest maker of nitrogen-based fertilizer.
    (Econ, 2/20/10, p.62)
2010        Feb 15, In Pakistan a suspected US drone fired a missile at a vehicle in the northwest, killing three people in the second such strike in as many days.
    (AP, 2/15/10)
2010        Feb 15, Spain said it is willing to take in five inmates from the US prison in Guantanamo Bay, not just the two it had announced last month.
    (AP, 2/15/10)
2010        Feb 15, Cyclone Rene battered Tonga with powerful winds, cutting phone links, ripping off roofs and downing power lines in the South Pacific island nation.
    (AP, 2/15/10)
2010        Feb 15, Yemeni Shiite rebels handed over the first of five Saudi soldiers held captive since their border war.
    (AFP, 2/15/10)

2011        Feb 15, The US military said it has reached a plea deal with a Guantanamo prisoner from Sudan who helped run an al-Qaida training camp in Afghanistan. Noor Uthman Muhammed pleaded guilty to one count of providing material support to terrorism and one count of conspiracy.
    (AP, 2/15/11)(AP, 2/18/11)
2011        Feb 15, US Special Agent Jaime Zapata, on assignment to the ICE Attache in Mexico City from his post in Laredo, Texas, died when gunmen attacked the agents' blue Suburban vehicle as they drove through the northern state of San Luis Potosi. A second agent, later identified as Victor Avila, was shot in the arm and leg and was in stable condition.
    (AP, 2/16/11)(AP, 2/24/11)
2011        Feb 15, California Gov. Jerry Brown instituted a hiring freeze across state government citing the state’s $25.4 billion budget deficit.
    (SFC, 2/16/11, p.C1)
2011        Feb 15, A former U.S. Customs inspector (58) dressed in a postman's uniform was nabbed as he allegedly tried to smuggle a Mexican woman (38) into Texas on false papers.
    (Reuters, 2/16/11)
2011        Feb 15, In Bahrain thousands of protesters poured into a main square in Manama in an Egypt-style rebellion. Fadel Salman Matrouk was shot dead in front of a hospital where mourners gathered for the funeral of Ali Abdulhadi Mushaima, who died of his wounds a day earlier. King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa made a rare national TV address, offering condolences for 2 deaths, pledging an investigation into the killings, and promising to push ahead with reforms, which include loosening state controls on the media and Internet.
    (AP, 2/15/11)(AFP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 15, In Brazil Allan Turnowski, the head of Rio de Janeiro state's investigative police, resigned after an anti-corruption sting resulted in the arrest of 30 officers, including the department's former second-in-command.
    (AP, 2/16/11)(SFC, 2/16/11, p.A2)
2011        Feb 15, The London-based Gulf Dialogue Forum said intense contacts are under way among Saudi activists and scholars to form a political party in the oil-rich absolute monarchy. The online forum said the National Saudi Party advocates establishing a civil democratic government because of the recent turmoil in Tunisia and Egypt.
    (AP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 15, Egypt's military regime warned that a wave of strikes sweeping the country was "disastrous", as it gave a panel of civilian experts 10 days to revise the constitution. The long banned Muslim Brotherhood said it intends to form a political party once democracy is established, as the country's new military rulers launched a panel of experts to amend the country's constitution enough to allow democratic elections later this year.
    (AFP, 2/15/11)(AP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 15, The European Union said it is extending visa bans and an asset freeze against President Robert Mugabe and 163 individuals and 31 companies in Zimbabwe.
    (AP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 15, In Germany the trial of Detlef S. (48) opened in Koblenz. The man has admitted to fathering seven children with his step-daughter but denied charges that he sexually abused her for more than two decades. He also stood accused of abusing his own daughter and step-son, and forcing both daughters into prostitution.
    (Reuters, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 15, Hardline Iranian lawmakers called for the country's opposition leaders to face trial and be put to death, a day after clashes between opposition protesters and security forces left one person dead and dozens injured. A 2nd person, Mohammad Mokhtari (22), died today of his wounds.
    (AP, 2/15/11)(AP, 2/16/11)
2011        Feb 15, In Iraq 4 people were killed in two bomb explosions today in a marketplace in Zafaraniyah. A policeman was killed when a bomb exploded outside his home in Baquba.
    (AFP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 15, Italy's Silvio Berlusconi faced a potentially fatal challenge to his power when a judge ordered him to stand trial on prostitution and abuse of power charges.
    (AP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 15, Italian news agency ANSA said Curt Knox and Edda Mellas were indicted in Perugia for libel. The charge stemmed from an interview they gave Britain's Sunday Times years ago in which the father alleged police had physically and verbally abused his daughter during questioning after Meredith Kercher's 2007 slaying.
    (AP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 15, Japanese police sought charges against two senior sumo wrestlers in an alleged gambling scam.
    (AP, 2/15/11) 
2011        Feb 15, Jordan's interior minister said protest marches will no longer need government permission, bowing to growing pressure to allow wider freedoms. Protesters would still have to inform authorities of any gathering two days in advance to "ensure public safety" and that they would have to observe public order.
    (AP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 15, Kyrgyzstan officials say budgetary constraints are forcing them to shoot an estimated 10,000 stray dogs in Bishkek rather than build shelters for them.
    (AP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 15, In Libya at least one person was killed and dozens of people injured in clashes in Benghazi. Moamer Kadhafi faced rare Internet calls for a "Day of Anger" on Feb 17 by activists buoyed by the ouster of veteran strongmen on Libya's borders, in Egypt and Tunisia. Qaddafi was supported by an 18,000-strong air force with 13 bases, a 20,000 well-armed paramilitary force loyal to his clan, as well as mercenaries from Chad and Niger.
    (AFP, 2/16/11)(Econ, 2/19/11, p.53)(Econ, 3/5/11, p.51)
2011        Feb 15, Mexican police fired tear gas and clashed for several hours with teachers protesting a visit by President Felipe Calderon to the colonial city of Oaxaca. The Section 22 teachers union said 20 protesters were injured during the running clashes.
    (AP, 2/16/11)
2011        Feb 15, Morocco, ahead of a planned pro-reform rally, announced it would inject 1.4 billion euros in subsidies to soften price hikes for staples, a key factor behind the spreading unrest in the Arab world.
    (AFP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 15, In central Nigeria a police officer arguing with a merchant was stabbed to death in a market in Jos and at least two others were killed during the latest violence to hit the region beset by sectarian fighting.
    (AP, 2/16/11)
2011        Feb 15, In Norway Stolt-Nielsen, founder of the Stolt-Nielsen shipping group, wrote the following in the financial newspaper Dagens Naeringsliv: "When (piracy) implies a great risk of being caught and hanged, and the cost of losing ships and weapons becomes too big, it will decrease and eventually disappear."
    (AP, 2/16/11)
2011        Feb 15, In Pakistan Mohmand tribal region official Amjad Ali Khan said that 120 militants have been killed in fighting that began Jan 27, including seven local Taliban commanders. Four Pakistani soldiers were killed.
    (AP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 15, A Saudi official at the Education Ministry said the kingdom plans to remove books from school libraries that are deemed to encourage terrorism or defame religion.
    (AP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 15, In South Africa one person was killed in demonstrations in the eastern town of Ermelo that turned violent with live fire exchanged between police and protesters. Demonstrators angered by what they see as poor government service had fired on police and attacked journalists.
    (AP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 15, A senior South Sudan official said more than 200 people died in a rebel attack in south Sudan's troubled Jonglei state last week, nearly double an earlier death toll. Some 20,000 people were displaced by the fighting.
    (AFP, 2/15/11)(AFP, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 15, Tunisian authorities extended a state of emergency imposed as president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali fled a month ago but ordered an end to a nationwide curfew.
    (AFP, 2/15/11)
2011        Feb 15, Venezuelan and French authorities seized 3.6 metric tons of cocaine aboard a vessel in the Caribbean Sea.
    (AP, 2/16/11)
2011        Feb 15, In Yemen thousands of people, marching for the ouster of the US-allied President Ali Abdullah Saleh, clashed with police and government supporters. At least three demonstrators were injured in a fifth straight day of Egypt-inspired protests.
    (AP, 2/15/11)

2012        Feb 15, Alabama state officials said they will shut down most of the state’s mental health hospitals by the spring of 2013 in an effort to cut costs and change patient treatment.
    (SFC, 2/17/12, p.A5)
2012        Feb 15, US Federal prosecutors added a charge in the corruption case against former Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick. An indictment accused Kilpatrick and pal Bobby Ferguson of extorting $50,000 in June, 2008, from a city contractor who towed vehicles.
    (SFC, 2/16/12, p.A6)
2012        Feb 15, Kellogg of Battle Creek, Mich., acquired Pringles in a $2.7 billion, all-cash deal.
    (SFC, 2/16/12, p.D1)
2012        Feb 15, In Wyoming a search and rescue helicopter crashed while attempting to rescue an injured snowmobiler. A volunteer crew member was killed.
    (SFC, 2/17/12, p.A5)
2012        Feb 15, A report from Save the Children said 5 children around the world die every minute because of chronic malnutrition. It also said that almost half a billion children risk are at risk of permanent damage over the next 15 years.
    (AP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 15, Afghan police in Kunar province rescued 41 children from becoming suicide bombers as they were about to be smuggled across the mountains into Pakistan.
    (AFP, 2/20/12)
2012        Feb 15, In Australia some 3,500 workers from mining giant BHP Billiton's Queensland coal mines began a seven-day strike in what unions said was one of the nation's largest industrial stoppages in a decade.
    (AFP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 15, Bahraini police fired tear gas and birdshot at pro-democracy protesters and arrested dozens in clashes that raged overnight and into early today, as the kingdom marked the first anniversary of a Shiite-led uprising.
    (AFP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 15, Official data showed that Britain's unemployment rate hit a 16-month peak in the three months to December, while the number of people claiming jobless benefits struck the highest total in two years.
    (AFP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 15, China's top central banker expressed confidence in the euro and pledged to continue buying European sovereign debt, as the Asian giant seeks to shore up support for its biggest trading partner.
    (AFP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 15, Chinese health authorities and state media said 4 workers have died and about 30 have fallen ill from suspected glue poisoning that caused severe nerve damage. The victims worked in Guangzhou city in shoe and bag factories with poor ventilation, most of them illegal, and started falling ill last year after handling poor quality glue.
    (AFP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 15, In China 15 miners were killed and three others hurt when the mine carriages they were in plunged into a tunnel in Hunan province.
    (AP, 2/16/12)(AFP, 3/23/12)
2012        Feb 15, Authorities said more than 600 people in Eastern Europe have died during a record-breaking cold snap. Officials in the Czech Republic blamed two massive car pile-ups on blinding snow. Authorities in Russia said 205 people have died, while in Ukraine there have been 112 fatalities; in Poland, 107. Authorities said 7 people have died in Romania in the past 24 hours, bringing the total there to 86 deaths.
    (AP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 15, President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said Iran has added 3,000 more centrifuges to its uranium enrichment effort increasing the total to 9,000, as he unveiled progress in his country's controversial nuclear program. Iran began loading domestically made nuclear fuel rods into its Tehran research reactor. Iran also said it was considering cutting oil sales to six EU countries in retaliation to an EU ban on Iranian oil imports that is being phased in as existing contracts expire up to July 1.
    (AFP, 2/15/12)(AP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 15, In Iraq gunmen wearing military uniforms seriously wounded a policeman and killed his wife and two children in an attack on his home in Jurf al-Sakhar, south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 15, Guards on an Italian cargo ship, the Enrica Lexie, fired at an Indian fishing boat off Kerala state that it mistook for a pirate vessel, killing two fishermen. Indian police took two Italians into custody on Feb 19. Rome warned that the two were soldiers who enjoyed immunity. The 2 Italian marines were granted conditional bail on May 30.
    (AP, 2/16/12)(AFP, 2/19/12)(AFP, 5/30/12)
2012        Feb 15, Malaysia police arrested Masoud Sedaghatzadeh, a third Iranian suspect sought after explosive blasts in Bangkok.
    (AP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 15, Hajah Noraihan, the Malaysian consul to Uganda, said that more than 600 Ugandan girls are currently trapped in Malaysian prostitution rings. Uganda's honorary consul in Kuala Lumpur said that at least three Ugandans have been killed there in the last two years.
    (AP, 2/20/12)(http://allafrica.com/stories/201202150018.html)
2012        Feb 15, Mexican federal prosecutors said they have detained four people in Tlaxcala state, who for almost a decade lured unsuspecting young Mexican women to the United States to force them into prostitution. Police found the mutilated bodies of six men inside plastic bags dumped on a road leading to the tourist city of Cuernavaca, Morelos state.
    (AP, 2/15/12)(AP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 15, In Nigeria attackers stormed a federal prison with heavy gunfire and explosives, killing one guard and freeing 119 inmates in Koton-Karifi, Kogi state.
    (AP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 15, Norway's state railroads suspended testing of a new Swiss-made train after five people were injured when it derailed and slammed into a mountainside during a test run.
    (AP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 15, In Puerto Rico Barceloneta Mayor Sol Luis Fontanez was arrested in a restaurant parking lot and accused by federal prosecutors of accepting $55,000 in bribes from developers. Fontanez was first elected mayor in 1988.
    (AP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 15, Senegalese riot police fired tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse protesters trying to hold a banned march against President Abdoulaye Wade's bid for a third term in office in an election later this month.
    (AFP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 15, Somalia's president asked the United Nations to lift the arms embargo against his country, saying the recent merger between al-Qaida and al-Shabab has made the dropping of the arms ban necessary.
    (AP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 15, South Sudan said Khartoum's decision to stop the return of hundreds of thousands of Southerners by barge on the White Nile was a looming disaster, and that alternative means were untenable.
    (AFP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 15, Sri Lanka's army agreed for the first time to probe war crime charges against its troops and investigate allegations of prisoner executions made in a British TV documentary.
    (AFP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 15, Sri Lankan police fired on fishermen protesting fuel price increases near Chilaw, killing one person and wounding three. Police used tear gas and water cannons to stop hundreds of opposition Marxist party activists who tried to march to the center of Colombo to protest fuel prices.
    (AP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 15, Syrian President Bashar Assad ordered a referendum on Feb 26 on a new constitution that would allow political parties other than his ruling Baath Party, the centerpiece of reforms he has promised to ease the crisis, even as the Syrian military besieged rebellious areas. The LCC said 13 people were killed in violence around the country, while the Observatory put the death toll at five. An oil pipeline in Homs was attacked.
    (AP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 15, United Nations and EU aid chiefs called for "urgent" assistance for West Africa's drought-hit Sahel region (Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger), saying it needed $725 million (552 million euros) this year.
    (AFP, 2/15/12)
2012        Feb 15, In eastern Venezuela hundreds of protesters blocked streets and burned tires in Maturin to demand clean water after a Feb 4 oil spill polluted rivers and streams that supply local storage tanks.
    (AP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 15, In Zimbabwe a provincial governor appointed by President Robert Mugabe suspended the activities of 29 humanitarian organizations, alleging they did not clear their operations with his office.
    (AP, 2/16/12)

2013        Feb 15, Pres. Obama bestowed the Presidential Citizens Medal on the 6 adults killed in the Dec 14, 2012, Newtown, Conn., school shooting.
    (SFC, 2/16/13, p.A5)
2013        Feb 15, Former US Rep. Jesse Jackson Jr. was charged with scheming to spend $750,000 in campaign funds on personal expenses. His wife was charged with filing false income tax forms. Jackson entered Congress in 1995 and resigned last November. Sandi, as she's known, was a Chicago alderman, but resigned last month.
    (AP, 2/15/13)
2013        Feb 15, Xoom, a San Francisco-based company that specialized in sending small amounts of money across borders, debuted on Nasdaq at $16 per share. It closed at $25.490. It was cofounded in 2001 by CEO John Kunze and Kevin Hartz, who's now cofounder of Eventbrite, a ticketing startup.
    (Econ, 8/3/13, p.59)(http://techcrunch.com/2013/02/15/xoom-ipo/)
2013        Feb 15, NYC officials said its schoolteacher’s pension fund has sold its stock in companies that manufacture guns and ammunition in response to the Dec 14, 2012, school shooting in Newtown, Conn.
    (SFC, 2/16/13, p.A5)
2013        Feb 15, The 150-foot Asteroid 2012 DA14 came within an incredible 17,150 miles to Earth, closer than many communication and weather satellites orbiting 22,300 miles up.
    (AP, 2/15/13)
2013        Feb 15, In Bahrain thousands of anti-government marchers jammed a major highway as clashes broke out for a second day between security forces and protesters marking the anniversary of their uprising.
    (AP, 2/15/13)
2013        Feb 15, Britain’s Food Standards Agency (FSA) said it had found 29 positive tests for horsemeat after demanding samples from UK retailers engulfed in a contamination scandal that is spreading across Europe.
    (AP, 2/15/13)
2013        Feb 15, British health officials said a fourth person in Britain has contracted a potentially fatal SARS-like virus which was unknown in humans until a few months ago, but said the risk to the population remained very low.
    (AP, 2/15/13)
2013        Feb 15, Egyptian security officials seized two tons of explosives headed to the Sinai Peninsula. Some 5,000 mostly hard-line Islamists rallied against a recent wave of anti-government protests that have killed around 70 people.
    (AP, 2/15/13)
2013        Feb 15, The EU agreed to begin random DNA checks on meat products in a bid to put a lid on a spreading scandal over horsemeat.
    (SFC, 2/16/13, p.A2)
2013        Feb 15, Iran ordered a six-month ban on pistachio exports to try to control the price of the nut, which doubled in the past month. Iran was long the world's largest pistachio exporter, with over 200,000 tons a year, but was surpassed last year by the United States.
    (AP, 2/15/13)
2013        Feb 15, In Iraq tens of thousands of Sunni Muslims rallied in several cities to protest what they describe as unfair treatment by the country's Shiite-led government, extending concerns over rising sectarian tension in the country.
    (AP, 2/15/13)       
2013        Feb 15, Palestinian demonstrators clashed with Israeli soldiers at a West Bank rally held in support of Samer Issawi (35), who has been on an on-again, off-again hunger strike for several months as he serves time for alleged terror activity.
    (AP, 2/15/13)
2013        Feb 15, In Russia a meteor, estimated to be about 10 tons, streaked through the sky and exploded over Chelyabinsk in the Ural Mountains with the power of an atomic bomb. Its sonic blasts shattered countless windows and injured some 1200 people.
    (AP, 2/15/13)(AP, 2/16/13)(Econ, 2/23/13, p.78)
2013        Feb 15, In Somalia Al-Qaeda-linked militants claimed that they have executed a Kenyan soldier after the Nairobi government failed to meet their demands. A car bomb detonated by remote control killed one person and wounded two others in Mogadishu.
    (AP, 2/15/13)(AP, 2/16/13)
2013        Feb 15, Swedish photographer Paul Hansen won the 2012 World Press Photo award for newspaper Dagens Nyheter with a Nov 20 picture of two Palestinian children killed in an Israeli missile strike being carried to their funeral.
    (AP, 2/15/13)
2013        Feb 15, Syrian activists said heavy fighting for control of the international airport in the northern city of Aleppo and a major military air base nearby has killed some 150 rebels and government soldiers over the past two days.
    (AP, 2/15/13)
2013        Feb 15, The UN said an outbreak of hepatitis E has killed 111 refugees in camps in South Sudan since July, and has become endemic in the region.
    (AP, 2/15/13)

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