Today in History - February 16

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309        Feb 16, Pamphilus Caesarea, Palestinian scholar, martyr, was beheaded.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

600        Feb 16, Pope Gregory the Great decreed "God bless You" as the religiously correct response to a sneeze.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

923        Feb 16, Abu Dja'far Mohammed Djarir al-Tabari (83), Islamic historian, died.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1075        Feb 16, Ordericus Vitalis, French monk, historian, poet, was born.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1270        Feb 16, In the Karusa Ice war in Estonia, Lithuanian forces defeated the Livonian Knights of the Cross.
    (LHC, 2/16/03)

1497        Feb 16, Philipp Melanchthon, German Protestant reformer (Augsburgse Confessie), was born.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1519        Feb 16, Gaspard de Coligny, Huguenot leader, French admiral, was born.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1559        Feb 16, Pope Paul IV called for the overthrow of sovereigns supporting heresy.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1568        Feb 16, A sentence of the Holy Office condemned all the inhabitants of the Netherlands to death as heretics. From this universal doom only a few persons, especially named, were acquitted.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eighty_Years%27_War)

1620        Feb 16, Frederick William, founder of Brandenburg-Prussia, was born.
    (HN, 2/16/98)

1641        Feb 16, English king Charles I accepted the Triennial Act.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1677        Feb 16, Earl of Shaftesbury was arrested and confined to the London Tower. [see Oct 24, 1681]
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1740        Feb 16, Giambattista Bodoni, printer, typeface designer (Bodoni), was born in Saluzzo, Italy.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1741        Feb 16, Benjamin Franklin's General Magazine (2nd US Mag) began publishing.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1751        Feb 16, Thomas Gray's poem "Elegy Written in a Country Church Yard" was 1st published.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1760        Feb 16, Cherokee Indians held hostage at Fort St. George, SC, were killed in revenge for Indian attacks on frontier settlements.
    (HN, 2/16/99)(MC, 2/16/02)

1779        Feb 16, William Boyce, English organist, composer (Cathedral Music), died. [see Feb 7]
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1804        Feb 16, Lt. Stephen Decatur attacked Tripoli, where pirates held the USS Philadelphia. Decatur and 76 volunteers, aboard the captured Intrepid, attempted to recapture the Philadelphia, which caught fire, exploded and sank. Decatur and his crew escaped.
    (AP, 2/16/98)(HN, 2/16/98)(ON, 2/03, p.2)

1808        Feb 16, The Peninsular War began when Napoleon ordered a large French force into Spain under the pretext of sending reinforcements to the French army occupying Portugal.
    (MC, 6/21/02)

1812        Feb 16, Henry Wilson, 18th U.S. Vice President (Grant 1873-1875), was born. 
    (HN, 2/16/98)

1822        Feb 16, Francis Galton (d.1911), English scientist, was born. He was one of the first moderns to present a carefully considered eugenics program.
    (NH, 6/97, p.18)(SFC, 8/28/97, p.A12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Galton)

1823        Feb 16, John Daniel Imboden (d.1895), Brig General (Confederate Army), was born.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1826        Feb 16, Franz von Holstein, composer, was born.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1829        Feb 16, Francois-Joseph Gossec (95), Belgian-French composer (Messe de Morts), died.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1838        Feb 16, Henry Adams, was born. He was the son and grandson of the presidents who became a U.S. historian and wrote "The Education of Henry Adams."
    (HN, 2/16/99)

1845        Feb 16, Quinton Hogg, English philanthropist, was born. [see Feb 14]
    (HN, 2/16/01)

1847        Feb 16, Ludwig Philipp Scharwenka, German composer (Album Polonaise), was born.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1852        Feb 16, Charles Taze Russell (d.1916) was born in Pittsburgh. In 1872 Russell abandoned the Adventist movement and formed the International Bible Students Association, which was later named Jehovah’s Witnesses (1931).
    (www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/302393/Jehovahs-Witness)(AH, 4/07, p.30)

1854        Feb 16, Franz Liszt's symphony "Orpheus," premiered.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1857        Feb 16, Elisha Kent Kane (b.1820), US Navy surgeon and Arctic explorer, died of a stroke in Cuba.
    (ON, 6/09, p.5)

1862        Feb 16, During the Civil War, some 14,000 Confederate soldiers  surrendered at Fort Donelson, Tenn. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's victory earned him the nickname "Unconditional Surrender Grant." Nathan Bedford Forrest escaped.
    (AP, 2/16/98)(HN, 2/16/98)

1864        Feb 16, Battle of Mobile, Al., operations by Union Army.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1865        Feb 16,  Columbia, S.C., surrendered to Federal troops.
    (HN, 2/16/98)

1868        Feb 16, San Francisco police have recently been investigating the proceedings of a gang of thieving boys who denominate themselves and are known to the world as the Hoodlum Gang.
    (http://gadling.com/2011/08/04/the-hoodlums-of-san-francisco/)
1868        Feb 16, The Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks (B.P.O.E.) was organized in New York City by members of the theatrical profession. Later, men in other professions were permitted to join the social organization. The letters E.L.K. are repeated in the titles of some of its officers, such as Esteemed Leading Knight and Esteemed Loyal Knight..
    (AP, 2/16/98)(HNQ, 10/15/99)

1870        Feb 16, The clipper ship Cutty Sark left London on its first voyage, proceeding around Cape Hope to Shanghai 3 1/2 months later. The ship made only eight voyages to China in the tea trade, as steam ships replaced sail on the high seas.
    (AP, 5/21/07)

1876        Feb 16, George Macauley Trevelyan (d.1962), English historian (Giuseppi Garibaldi), was born: “’History repeats itself’ and ‘History never repeats itself’ are about equally true ... We never know enough about the infinitely complex circumstances of any past event to prophesy the future by analogy."
    (AP, 4/14/01)(MC, 2/16/02)

1878        Feb 16, The silver dollar became US legal tender.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1883        Feb 16, "Ladies Home Journal" began publishing.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1886        Feb 16, Van Wyck Brooks (d.1963), American biographer, critic and literary historian, was born. “Nothing is so soothing to our self-esteem as to find our bad traits in our forebears. It seems to absolve us."
    (AP, 8/14/00)(HN, 2/16/01)

1892        Feb 16, The opera “Werther" premiered at the Imperial Theatre Hofoper in Vienna. It was composed in 1887 by French composer Jules Massenet based on Goethe’s 1774 novel "The Sorrows of Young Werther."
    (SFC, 9/17/10, p.F1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Werther)

1903        Feb 16, Edgar Bergen, radio ventriloquist and comedian, was born in Chicago.
    (HN, 2/16/01)(MC, 2/16/02)
1903        Feb 16, At Pokegama, Minnesota, temperatures fell to a record state low of 59 degrees below zero.
    (SFC, 2/16/09, p.D10)

1904        Feb 16, George Keenan, U.S. diplomat, was born. He became a historian and proposed the policy of “containment" for dealing with the Soviet Union.
    (HN, 2/16/99)

1905        Feb 16, 1st US Esperanto club was organized in Boston. Dr. Lazarus Ludwig Zamenhof (1859-1917), a Polish ophthalmologist, invented the artificial language in 1885.
    (MC, 2/16/02)(SFCM, 6/8/03, p.18)

1907        Feb 16, Fernando Previtali, composer, was born.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1909        Feb 16, The SF Citizens Health Committee declared SF free of bubonic plague.
    (ON, 1/00, p.7)
1909        Feb 16, 1st subway car with side doors went into service in NYC.
    (MC, 2/16/02)
1909        Feb 16, Serbia mobilized against Austria and Hungary.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1915        Feb 16, Emil Waldteufel, [Charles Levy], French composer (Estudiantina), died.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1916        Feb 16, Russian troops conquered Erzurum, Armenia.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1917        Feb 16, The 1st Madrid synagogue in 425 years opened.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1918        Feb 16, The Council of Lithuania declared the independence of the State of Lithuania. The council also declared that the foundations of the state would be determined by a Constituent Assembly to be elected by the inhabitants on the basis of universal, equal and secret suffrage. Independence lasted until World War II. It again declared independence in 1990.
    (DrEE, 10/5/96, p.5)(LHC, 2/16/03)(AP, 2/16/07)

1919        Feb 16, Sir Mark Sykes (b.1879), best known for the 1916 Sykes-Picot agreement dividing up the Middle East in anticipation of the fall of the Ottoman Empire, died of Spanish flu in Paris. In 2008 an Oxford team took tissue samples before reburying his body in its grave in East Yorkshire. They hoped to find clues that might help fight a future global influenza outbreak.
    (AP, 9/17/08)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mark_Sykes)

1920        Feb 16, Patty Andrews, vocalist (Andrews Sisters), was born in Minneapolis.
    (MC, 2/16/02)
1920        Feb 16,  The Allies accepted Berlin’s offer to try World War I war criminals in Leipzig’s Supreme Court.
    (HN, 2/16/98)

1922        Feb 16, Geraint Evans, Welsh opera baritone (Knaben Wunderhorn, Falstaff), was born.
    (MC, 2/16/02)
1922        Feb 16, The Univ. of Vytautas the Great re-opened in Kaunas. It was Lithuania’s main university until 1930.
    (DrEE, 11/23/96, p.4)(LHC, 2/16/03)

1923        Feb 16, Bessie Smith (1898-1937) made her first recording "Down Hearted Blues." Her recording was included by the National Recording Preservation Board in the Library of Congress' National Recording Registry in 2002.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Downhearted_Blues)(www.youtube.com/watch?v=go6TiLIeVZA)
1923        Feb 16, In Egypt the burial chamber of King Tutankhamen's recently unearthed tomb was unsealed by archeologist Howard Carter.
    (AP, 2/16/08)(www.king-tut.org.uk/curse-of-king-tut/howard-carter-timeline.htm)

1932        Feb 16, The 1st patent for a tree was issued to James Markham for a peach tree.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1934        Feb 16, Thousands of Socialists battled Communists at a rally in New York’s Madison Square Garden.
    (HN, 2/16/98)

1935        Feb 16, Brian Bedford, actor (Anthony-Coronet Blue), was born in England.
    (MC, 2/16/02)
1935        Feb 16, Salvatore Bono (d.1998), vocalist (Sonny & Cher), (Rep-R-Ca, 1995-98), was born in Detroit.
    (SFC, 1/6/98, p.A11)(MC, 2/16/02)

1936        Feb 16, Spanish Frente Popular (People's Front) won elections.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1937        Feb 16, Wallace H. Carothers, a research chemist for Du Pont who invented nylon, received a patent for the synthetic fiber. It would replace silk in a number of products and reduce costs. [see 1930] In 2000 Susannah Handley authored "Nylon: The Story of a Fashion Revolution."
    (HN, 2/16/98)(AP, 2/16/98)(WSJ, 1/21/00, p.W8)

1938        Feb 16, The US Federal Crop Insurance program was authorized.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1940        Feb 16, The British destroyer HMS Cossack rescue British seamen from a German prison ship, the Altmark, in a Norwegian fjord.
    (HN, 2/16/99)

1941        Feb 16, The Italians lost their last position in the Sudan.
    (HN, 2/16/98)
1941        Feb 16, Kim Jong Il, son of Kim Il Sung, was born in the far East of the Soviet Union. He took over leadership of North Korea from his father in 1994.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kim_Jong-il)

1942        Feb 16, German submarines attacked an Aruba oil refinery and sank the tanker Pedernales.
    (MC, 2/16/02)(SSFC, 11/10/02, p.C11)
1942        Feb 16, Tojo outlined Japan’s war aims to the Diet, referring to "new order of coexistence" in East Asia. During the Japanese war crimes trials, Tojo himself took responsibility, as premier, for anything either he or his country had done. He asserted, however, with the other defendants, that they--and Japan--had made war only in "self-defense."
    (HN, 2/16/98)

1943        Feb 16, Withdrawing Africa Corps reached the Mareth-line in North Africa.
    (MC, 2/16/02)
1943        Feb 16, Sign on Munich facade: "Out with Hitler! Long live freedom!" was posted by the "White Rose" student group. They were caught on 2/18 and beheaded on 2/22.
    (MC, 2/16/02)
1943        Feb 16, The Red army conquered Kharkov.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1944        Feb 16, Richard Ford, Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist, was born. His work included “The Sportswriter" and “Independence Day."
    (HN, 2/16/01)

1945        Feb 16, American paratroopers landed on Corregidor during World War II, in a campaign to liberate the Philippines.
    (AP, 2/16/98)(HN, 2/16/98)

1946        Feb 16, The 1st commercially designed helicopter was tested at Bridgeport, Ct.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1948        Feb 16, NBC-TV began airing its first nightly newscast, "The Camel Newsreel Theatre," which consisted of “20th Century Fox- Movietone News" newsreels.
    (AP, 2/16/98)(MC, 2/16/02)

1949        Feb 16, Chaim Weitzman was elected the 1st president of Israel. The title was invented by PM David Ben-Gurion to honor and to sideline veteran Zionist leader Chaim Weitzman.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaim_Weizmann)(Econ, 8/29/15, p.40)

1951        Feb 16, NYC passed a bill prohibiting racism in city-assisted housing.
    (MC, 2/16/02)
1951        Feb 16, Stalin contended that the U.N. was becoming the weapon of aggressive war.
    (HN, 2/16/98)

1952        Feb 16, The FBI arrested 10 members of the Ku Klux Klan in North Carolina.
    (HN, 2/16/98)
1952        Feb 16, Jan Kerouac (d.1996), novelist daughter of Jack Kerouac, was born. Her books included "Baby Driver" (1981) and "Trainsong" (1988).
    (SFC, 6/7/96, p.A22)( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_Kerouac)

1956        Feb 16, Britain abolished the death penalty.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1957        Feb 16, LeVar Burton, (Roots, Star Trek Next Generation), was born in Landstuhl, Germany.
    (MC, 2/16/02)
1957        Feb 16, A U.S. flag flew over an outpost in Wilkes Land, Antarctica.
    (HN, 2/16/98)

1959        Feb 16, Leonard Spigelgass' "Majority of One," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 2/16/02)
1959        Feb 16, The US House Committee on Un-American Activities has charged that an “elite corps" of Communist lawyers is promoting the party’s cause in the courts, Congress and government agencies. A committee report dealt with the activities of 39 lawyers, who were among more than 100 lawyers identified as Communists in sworn testimony before the committee in the past decade.
    (SSFC, 2/15/09, DB p.50)
1959        Feb 16, Fidel Castro took the oath as Cuban premier in Havana after the overthrow of Fulgencio Batista.
    (HN, 2/16/98)(AP, 2/16/98)

1960        Feb 16, US nuclear submarine USS Triton set off on underwater round-world trip.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1961        Feb 16, The United States launched the “Explorer Nine" satellite.
    (AP, 2/16/01)
1961        Feb 16, Wilbert Ridieu (19) robbed the Lake Charles, La., Gulf National Bank. He walked out with $14,000 and 3 hostages, 2 of whom he shot and left for dead. Rideau stabbed to death Julia Ferguson on a rural Louisiana road following the bank robbery. He confessed and was sentenced to death 3 times. Rideau escaped death in the 1970s when the death penalty was outlawed. In 2003 his case was still in court. While in prison Rideau became a self-educated writer and elevated the prison magazine, the Angolite, to national acclaim. In 2005 Rideau was set free for time served after a racially mixed jury found him guilty of manslaughter.
    (NW, 1/13/03, p.52)(AP, 1/16/05)(SFC, 1/17/05, p.A5)
1961        Feb 16, China used it's 1st nuclear reactor.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1962        Feb 16, Todd Gitlin (b.1943), Harvard activist, helped organize a national anti-war rally in Washington, DC. Some 8,000 students turned up. Boston SANE & the fledgling SDS organized the first anti-nuclear march.
    (www.peacebuttons.info/new/E-News/peacehistoryfebruary.htm#february16)(Econ, 2/18/12, p.15)

1963        Feb 16, 1st round-trip swim of Straits of Messina, Italy, was made by Mary Revell of US.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1964        Feb 16, The Beatles made their 2nd appearance on the "Ed Sullivan Show" from the Deauville Hotel in Miami.
    (SFC, 3/6/04, p.D17)

1965        Feb 16, Four persons were held in a plot to blow up the Statue of Liberty, Liberty Bell and the Washington Monument.
    (HN, 2/16/98)

1966        Feb 16, The World Council of Churches being held in Geneva, urged immediate peace in Vietnam.
    (HN, 2/16/98)

1968        Feb 16, Beatles George Harrison & John Lennon flew to India with their wives for transcendental meditation with the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi.
    (www.beatles.ws/1968.htm)
1968        Feb 16, America’s first 911 emergency telephone system was inaugurated in Haleyville, Ala.
    (AP, 2/16/98)

1970        Feb 16, In SF a homemade bomb exploded outside the police Park Station on Waller St. Sgt. Brian McDonnell (44) died 2 days later and 8 other officers were injured. Black Panthers were suspected, but a later investigation suggested it was the work of the Weather Underground.
    (SFC, 1/27/07, p.A8)(SFC, 2/17/07, p.B1)

1972        Feb 16, Wilt Chamberlain became the 1st NBA player to score 30,000 points.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_career_achievements_by_Wilt_Chamberlain)

1977        Feb 16, Janani Luwum, the Anglican archbishop of Uganda, and two other men were killed in what Ugandan authorities said was an automobile accident.
    (AP, 2/16/98)

1978        Feb 16, The 1st Computer Bulletin Board System was Ward & Randy's CBBS in Chicago.
    (www.historyoftheinternet.com/chap3.html)
1978        Feb 16, China and Japan signed a $20 billion trade pact, which was the most important move since the 1972 resumption of diplomatic ties.
    (HN, 2/16/98)

1979        Feb 16, Nematollah Nassiri (b.1911), Iranian general and head of the Savak intelligence agency during the rule of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, was executed.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nematollah_Nassiri)

1980        Feb 16, Eric Heiden skated 5k in 7:02.29, an Olympic Record.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speed_skating_at_the_1980_Winter_Olympics)

1982        Feb 16, In France Magdalena Kopp, lover of Carlos the Jackal, aka Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, was captured by French officials.
    (www.colin-smith.info/pages/books/extracts/carlos/extract_03.htm)(SFC,12/11/97, p.C2)

1983        Feb 16, In India a bomb wounded 13 people in the latest election violence in the northeastern state of Assam. The assassination pushed the death toll from 15 days of violence to at least 217 people.
    (http://tinyurl.com/cer6x)

1986        Feb 16, Mario Soares (b.1924), Socialist, was elected Portugal's 1st civilian president in the 2nd round of elections.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portuguese_presidential_election%2C_1986)

1987        Feb 16, John Demjanjuk (66), a retired auto worker from Ohio, went on trial in Jerusalem, accused of being "Ivan the Terrible," a guard at the Treblinka concentration camp. He was convicted, but the Israeli Supreme Court overturned the ruling.
    (AP, 2/16/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Demjanjuk)

1988        Feb 16, Vice President George Bush and Massachusetts Gov. Michael S. Dukakis scored big victories in the New Hampshire Republican and Democratic presidential primaries. Bush won the New Hampshire primary over Bob Dole, Jack Kemp, Pete du Pont and Pat Robertson 37.7 to 28.5 to 12.8 to 10.1 to 9.4%. Dukakis won over Dick Gephardt and Paul Simon 35.9 to 19.9 to 17.2%.
    (AP, 2/16/98)(SSFC, 1/25/04, p.A19)
1988        Feb 16, Richard Wade Farley gunned down 7 people at ESL Corp. during an office rampage in Sunnyvale, Calif. Farley was later convicted of murder and sentenced to death.
    (AP, 2/16/98)(SFC, 10/27/04, p.B1)

1989        Feb 16, Investigators in Lockerbie, Scotland, said a bomb hidden inside a radio-cassette player was what brought down Pan Am Flight 103 the previous December, killing all 259 people aboard and 11 on the ground.
    (AP, 2/16/99)

1990        Feb 16, Former President Reagan began two days of giving a videotaped deposition in Los Angeles for the Iran-Contra trial of former national security adviser John Poindexter.
    (AP, 2/16/00)

1991        Feb 16, Tonya Harding won the US female Figure Skating championship.
    (http://tinyurl.com/qpcus)
1991        Feb 16, Iraqi officials charged that 130 civilians were killed when British jet fighters raided the town of Fallouja two days earlier.
    (AP, 2/16/01)
1991        Feb 16, A Soviet Foreign Ministry spokesman downplayed Moscow’s initial enthusiasm for an Iraqi offer to withdraw from Kuwait, saying it was insufficient to end the war.
    (AP, 2/16/01)

1992        Feb 16, Two days before the New Hampshire primary, five Democratic presidential candidates debated on CNN, directing most of their criticism at President George H.W. Bush.
    (AP, 2/16/02)
1992        Feb 16, Israeli helicopters attacked a convoy in Sidon, Lebanon, killing Sheik Abbas Musawi, leader of the pro-Iranian group Hezbollah. Sheik Hassan Nasrallah (b.1960) took over Hezbollah after the Israeli assassination of Sheik Abbas Musawi. He has led the group since, controlling its operational activities.
    (AP, 2/16/02)(AP, 6/3/06)

1993        Feb 16, Prices fell as Wall Street reacted unfavorably to President Clinton's economic austerity plan outlined in a White House address the night before.
    (AP, 2/16/98)
1993        Feb 16-1993 Feb 17, An overcrowded ferry carrying up to 1,500 people sank between Jeremie and Port-au-Prince, Haiti, killing an estimated 500-700 people; only 285 people were known to have survived.
    (AP, 2/17/98)(AP, 2/3/06)

1994        Feb 16, Figure skaters Tonya Harding and Nancy Kerrigan encountered each other at the Winter Olympic Games in Norway before posing for the U.S. team photograph.
    (AP, 2/16/99)
1994        Feb 16, At least 217 people were killed when a powerful earthquake shook Indonesia's Sumatra island.
    (AP, 2/16/00)

1995        Feb 16, Four people were killed when tornadoes tore through rural north Alabama.
    (AP, 2/16/00)
1995        Feb 16, In a dark and defensive address to his nation, Russian President Boris Yeltsin berated his military leaders for big losses and human rights abuses in Chechnya, but insisted Russia had to use force to defend its unity.
    (AP, 2/16/00)

1996        Feb 16, World chess champion Garry Kasparov won for the second time against IBM supercomputer “Deep Blue" in the fifth game of their match in Philadelphia (Kasparov had drawn twice and lost once).
    (AP, 2/16/01)
1996        Feb 16, In Vista, San Diego County Joshua Jenkins, 15, stabbed his parents and grandparents to death. The next day he axed his sister. In 1997 he was sentenced to 116 years in prison.
    (SFEC, 6/1/97, p.A22)
1996        Feb 16, A commuter train slammed into Amtrak’s Capital Limited an Silver Spring, Md., and killed 11 people. It was later claimed that a new warning system was partly to blame.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.B1)(AP, 2/16/01)
1996        Feb 16, Former California Gov. Edmund G. “Pat" Brown (b.1905) died in Beverly Hills, California, at age 90. In 2005 Ethan Rarick authored “California Rising: The Life and Times of Pat Brown."
    (SFC, 9/23/00, p.A19)(AP, 2/16/01)
1996        Feb 16, Violence in Bangladesh kept the election turnout to about 15%. Opposition leaders filed no candidates and claimed that the results showed that Prime Minister Zia had lost authority to rule.
    (WSJ, 2/16/96, p.A-1)
1996        Feb 16, Green groups threatened to boycott gas pumps that were not labeled “MMT-free." They claimed that the manganese based fuel additive poses health risks. The accusation was denied by the Ethyl Corp.
    (WSJ, 2/16/96, p.A-1)

1997        Feb 16, U.S. Rep. Dan Burton, R-Ind., the chairman of a House committee investigating campaign fund-raising activities, told NBC's "Meet the Press" that his probe would be far broader than originally anticipated.
    (AP, 2/16/98)

1998        Feb 16, Mr. Jefferson, the 1st cloned calf, was born in Virginia.
    (www.revivicor.com/MrJefferson.htm)
1998        Feb 16, In Afghanistan 27 people died of the cold. Some 30,000 earthquake survivors were sent 24 truckloads of aid by the Taliban.
    (WSJ, 2/18/98, p.A1)
1998        Feb 16, In Bihar, India, 20 people were killed during the first round of voting.
    (SFC, 2/23/98, p.A12)
1998        Feb 16, In China Ren Chengjian was hauled back to Zhengzhou from the US where he faced charges of stealing vast sums, $42 million, from state-run banks and companies.
    (SFC, 10/17/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 16, In the Republic of Congo a court indicted 100 members of the recently ousted government on charges of assassination, torture, rape, fraud and theft.
    (SFC, 10/17/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 16, Lawmakers in Ecuador and Peru agreed to let their border dispute be resolved by the US, Brazil, Chile and Argentina.
    (SFC, 10/17/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 16, In Japan the Diet approved laws to pump $517 billion in public money into the country’s cash-strapped banks.
    (SFC, 10/17/98, p.A14)
1998        Feb 16, Skier Hermann Maier of Austria won the Super-G and Katja Seizinger of Germany won the women's downhill at the Nagano Olympics; Russia's Pasha Grishuk and Yeggeny Platov won the ice dancing event.
    (AP, 2/16/08)
1998        Feb 16, In Turkey the government banned Muslim headwear by female students and teachers at religious schools. Separately the leadership of the main Kurdish political party was imprisoned on charges of links to separatist rebels.
    (WSJ, 2/17/98, p.A1)
1998        Feb 16, In Taiwan a China Airlines Airbus A300-600R crashed at Chiang Kai-shek airport while trying to land in fog. 196 people on board were killed plus 6 on the ground. The passengers included the governor of Taiwan’s Central Bank and other financial officials.
    (SFC, 2/17/98, p.A6)(AP, 2/16/08)

1999        Feb 16, In LA a number of possessions of O.J. Simpson were auctioned off to cover his 1997 legal suit. A conservative Christian group purchased his Hall of Fame plaque and other memorabilia and burned it the following day
    (SFC, 2/18/99, p.A3)
1999        Feb 16, The body of Tracy Biletnikoff (20), daughter of football player star Fred Biletnikoff, was found at Canada College in Redwood city, Ca. Her boyfriend, Mohammad Haroon Ali (23) fled to Mexico, but was later arrested as he tried come back over the border.
    (SFC, 2/17/99, p.A1)(SFC, 3/16/12, p.C3)
1999        Feb 16, Testimony began in the Jasper, Texas, trial of John William King, charged with murder in the gruesome dragging death of James Byrd Jr. King was accused of beating Byrd with a bat and then dragging him behind a truck until the African-American man died from decapitation. King was later convicted and sentenced to death.
    (AP, 2/16/00)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Byrd)
1999        Feb 16, The Chinese Lunar New Year began the Year of the Rabbit.
    (SFC, 2/12/99, p.C1)(SFC, 2/16/99, p.A8)
1999        Feb 16, The Northern Ireland Assembly voted 77 to 29 to create a 12-member executive council to help pave the way for the transfer of some powers from the British government.
    (SFC, 2/17/99, p.A8)
1999        Feb 16, Romanian miners began a fresh march on Bucharest.
    (WSJ, 2/17/99, p.A1)
1999        Feb 16, In South Africa the 4 policemen charged with the fatal beating of Steve Biko were denied amnesty.
    (WSJ, 2/17/99, p.A1)
1999        Feb 16, Turkish commandoes reported the capture of Abdullah Ocalan in Kenya. Kurds seized Greek missions around Europe and took hostages. It was later reported that US data helped the Turks capture Ocalan.
    (SFC, 2/17/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/17/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/22/99, p.A1)
1999        Feb 16, In Uzbekistan six car bombs exploded in Tashkent in an assault aimed at Pres. Islam Karimov. 13 people were killed and at least 120 injured.
    (SFC, 2/17/99, p.A8)

2000        Feb 16, In NYC Lucy Edwards (41), a former bank of New York executive, and her husband, Peter Berlin (46), pleaded guilty to laundering over $7 billion from Russian bankers in exchange for $1.8 million.
    (SFC, 2/17/00, p.A9)(AP, 2/16/01)
2000        Feb 16, In California an Emory Worldwide DC-8 crashed after lifting off from Mather Airport near Sacramento and all 3 crew members were killed. A disconnected part in the control system was later blamed for the crash.
    (SFC, 2/17/00, p.A1)(SFC, 4/21/01, p.A2)
2000        Feb 16, In Germany Wolfgang Schaeuble, leader of the Christian Democrats, resigned.
    (SFC, 2/17/00, p.A12)
2000        Feb 16, In Israel German Pres. Johannes Rau spoke before the parliament and gave an apology for WW II Nazi genocide.
    (SFC, 2/17/00, p.D3)
2000        Feb 16, Russia and NATO announced a resumption of contacts that were broken in Mar 1999 due to NATO bombing in Yugoslavia.
    (SFC, 2/17/00, p.D3)
2000        Feb 16, Spanish papers reported that former Chilean Gen. Pinochet suffered from brain damage, according to a leaked British medical assessment, and could not stand for trial.
    (WSJ, 2/16/00, p.A1)
2000        Feb 16, In Sri Lanka 57 soldiers and guerrillas were killed in renewed fighting as Knut Vollebaek, the foreign minister of Norway, met with Pres. Chandrika Kumaratunga to help broker peace talks.
    (SFC, 2/17/00, p.D3)
2000        Feb 16 - 2000 Feb 21, In Colombia at least 60 people were killed in the town of El Salado in northern Bolivar province during this period according to a 2011 report from the National Commission of Reparation and Reconciliation.
    (AP, 7/8/11)

2001        Feb 16, Pres. Bush on his first foreign trip met with Pres. Fox in Mexico. They announced a joint agenda to expand trade, protect immigrant rights and reduce drug trafficking.
    (SFC, 2/17/01, p.A1)(AP, 2/16/02)
2001        Feb 16, Two dozen US and British aircraft bombed 5 radar and other anti-aircraft sites around Baghdad with guided missiles. A number of new guided bombs, AGM-154A priced from $250-700k, missed their targets.
    (SFC, 2/17/01, p.A1)(AP, 2/16/02)
2001        Feb 16, In California Gov. Davis began negotiations to purchase 32,000 miles of transmission lines from the utilities that would allow them to issue bonds to pay off their debt.
    (SFC, 2/17/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 16, Dr. William H. Masters (b.1915), leading researcher in human sexuality, died at age 85 in Tucson, Ariz. He and Virginia Johnson (Masters and Johnson) authored the best seller "Human Sexual Response" in 1966.
    (SSFC, 2/18/01, p.A24)(NW, 12/31/01, p.108)
2001        Feb 16, Russia test-fired nuclear-capable missiles from land, sea and air positions.
    (SFC, 2/17/01, p.A12)
2001        Feb 16, In Serbia Kosovo militants killed 9 Serbs and injured 43 with a roadside bomb that blew up a bus in northeastern Kosovo.
    (SFC, 2/17/01, p.A12)(SSFC, 2/18/01, p.D1)

2002        Feb 16, Pres. Bush departed on a 6-day Asia trip. Enroute to a three-nation tour of Asia, Bush stopped off at Elmendorf Air Force Base in Alaska, where he told hundreds of cheering US soldiers that "America will not blink" in the fight against terrorism and Osama bin Laden.
    (SFC, 2/16/02, p.A3)(AP, 2/16/07)
2002        Feb 16, In Noble, Ga., officials found 334 decomposing bodies at the Tri-State Crematory, where the furnace had not worked for years. Ray Brent Marsh (28), manager of the family operation, was arrested and charged with 5 counts of theft by deception. In 2004 families of the dead settled a class-action suit for $80 million. Marsh pleaded guilty and was sentenced to twelve years in prison, with credit for the time he had served before making bond, plus seventy-five years of probation.
    (SSFC, 2/17/02, p.A6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tri-State_Crematory#Criminal_prosecution)
2002        Feb 16, Mark Meier, glacier expert, predicted that oceans would rise 7-11 inches by the end of this century due to polar warming.
    (SSFC, 2/17/02, p.A4)
2002        John W. Gardner (89), founder Common Cause, a citizen’s lobby for the well-being of the nation, died. Gardner joined Pres. Johnson’s cabinet in 1965 where he started Medicare and presided over the creation of PBS.
    (SFC, 2/18/02, p.A6)
2002        Feb 16, In Afghanistan British peacekeepers came under fire at an observation post in Kabul.
    (SSFC, 2/17/02, p.A18)
2002        Feb 16-17, In Afghanistan US forces made bombing raids aimed at controlling clashes among militia forces. Pentagon officials later said the attacks were against suspected al Qaeda fighters.
    (SFC, 2/19/02, p.A9)(SFC, 2/20/02, p.A14)
2002        Feb 16, Some 20,000 Israelis rallied for peace in Tel Aviv. 2 Israelis were killed when a Palestinian suicide bombed sd’d in a pizza restaurant in the West Bank settlement of Karnei Shomron. In Jenin Nazih Abu Sabaah, a Hamas leader, was killed by a car bomb. In the Bureij refugee camp 3 Palestinians were killed in gunfire with Israeli troops.
    (SSFC, 2/17/02, p.A12)
2002        Feb 16, Zimbabwe expelled Pierre Schori, head of the EU’s 150-member mission to observe elections. EU officials threatened sanctions.
    (SFC, 2/16/02, p.A14)(SSFC, 2/17/02, p.A13)

2003        Feb 16, Michael Waltrip raced past leader Jimmie Johnson to win the rain-shortened Daytona 500 for the second time in three years.
    (AP, 2/16/04)
2003          Feb 16, The SF anti-war demonstration cost organizers some $85,000. An estimated 200,000 people participated. Some 1000 protesters clashed with police at the end of the rally and 46 people were arrested. A later aerial study numbered the crowd at 65,000.
    (SFC, 2/17/03, p.A1)(SFC, 2/21/03, A1)
2003        Feb 16, Eleanor "Sis" Daley (95), the matriarch of Chicago's Daley political clan, died.
    (AP, 2/16/04)
2003          Feb 16, In Australia PM John Howard said he respects the views of hundreds of thousands of citizens who took part in peace protests over the weekend but would not be swayed by their opposition to war with Iraq.
    (AP, 2/17/03)
2003          Feb 16, In Belgium thieves over the weekend emptied more than 100 vaults at a diamond trading center in what officials said might be the largest theft ever in Antwerp.
    (AP, 2/18/03)
2003          Feb 16, In Cyprus Tassos Papadopoulos was elected the country's 5th president over Glafcos Clerides. He opposed current reunification plans.
    (AP, 2/17/03)(WSJ, 2/18/03, p.A1)
2003          Feb 16, Yasser Arafat affirmed in a letter to Britain's Tony Blair that he will honor a pledge to appoint a prime minister. 8 Palestinians were killed, 6 in a mysterious explosion in Gaza City and 2 by Israeli army fire in the West Bank.
    (AP, 2/16/03)(SFC, 2/17/03, A3)
2003          Feb 16, French President Jacques Chirac said in a published interview that the massive US military deployment in the Persian Gulf has made it possible to peacefully disarm Iraq.
    (AP, 2/16/03)
2003          Feb 16, The Israeli Cabinet voted to allow about 17,000 Ethiopians with Jewish roots to come to Israel, lifting immigration restrictions on the group known as Falash Mura.
    (AP, 2/16/03)
2003          Feb 16, In Mexico's central Mexico state voters overwhelmingly approved a referendum in support of executing kidnappers, armed robbers and murderers.
    (AP, 2/17/03)
2003          Feb 16, The 19-member NATO alliance turned to its Defense Planning Committee, which Paris withdrew from in 1966, to negotiate an end to the month-long NATO deadlock over Iraq. NATO agreed to supply Turkey with defense equipment in the event of war with Iraq.
    (AP, 2/16/03)(SFC, 2/17/03, A1)
2003          Feb 16, A Syrian military truck carrying diesel fuel overturned and caught fire at a Lebanese-Syrian border crossing, killing at least 17 people.
    (AP, 2/16/03)

2004        Feb 16, A confident John Kerry launched a full-throttle attack on President Bush's economic policies, mostly ignoring his Democratic rivals on the eve of the Wisconsin primary.
    (AP, 2/16/05)
2004        Feb 16, In Ohio a crane collapsed at an I-80 bridge near Toledo and 3 workers were killed.
    (WSJ, 2/17/04, p.A1)
2004        Feb 16, In Australia rioters set fire to a train station and pelted police with gasoline bombs in an Aboriginal ghetto in Sydney during a nine-hour street battle that began after a teenager died, allegedly while being chased by officer.
    (AP, 2/16/04)
2004        Feb 16, In Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko ordered the Justice Ministry to strengthen control over political parties, community organizations and unions.
    (AP, 2/16/04)
2004        Feb 16, Ex-soldiers took Haiti's rebellion to the key central city of Hinche, torching the police station and freeing prisoners.
    (AP, 2/17/04)
2004        Feb 16, India and Pakistan began historic meetings aimed at preparing for a sustained peace dialogue on Kashmir and other disputes.
    (AP, 2/16/04)
2004        Feb 16, An earthquake shook Indonesia's Sumatra island, killing five people and damaging 60 homes.
    (AP, 2/17/04)
2004        Feb 16, In Iraq 3 U.S. soldiers were killed in roadside bomb blasts. A bomb exploded in a schoolyard in a Shiite Muslim neighborhood in Baghdad, killing at least one child and wounding three other people,
    (AP, 2/16/04)(SFC, 2/17/04, p.A3)
2004        Feb 16, Thailand officials said bird flu has been detected in a previously unaffected Thai province and has resurfaced in eight other provinces that were under observation.
    (AP, 2/16/04)

2005        Feb 16, US Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan urged a go-slow approach on personal Social Security accounts, saying that while he embraces the idea central to President Bush's proposed overhaul, he is concerned about stability in financial markets.
    (AP, 2/16/05)
2005        Feb 16, The NHL canceled what was left of its decimated schedule after a round of last-gasp negotiations failed to resolve differences over a salary cap, the flash-point issue that led to a lockout.
    (AP, 2/16/06)
2005        Feb 16, A corporate jet crashed in Pueblo, Colo., and 8 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 2/17/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 16, The Kyoto global warming pact went into force, 7 years after it was negotiated, imposing limits on emissions of carbon dioxide and other gases scientists blame for increasing world temperatures, melting glaciers and rising oceans. Canada’s pledge to cut emissions 6% below its 1990 level by 2012 faced the problem of an average annual increase of 1.5%.
    (AP, 2/16/05)(WSJ, 2/15/05, p.A16)
2005        Feb 16, Rescuers searching for miners trapped by a coal mine explosion in northeast China found six more bodies, bringing the death toll in the country's worst mining disaster in decades to 209.
    (AP, 2/16/05)
2005        Feb 16, In Ecuador tens of thousands of protesters gathered near Quito's presidential palace to demand President Lucio Gutierrez's resignation, accusing him of authoritarian rule and with packing the supreme court with his own judges.
    (AP, 2/17/05)
2005        Feb 16, India and Pakistan agreed to start a bus service across a ceasefire line dividing the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir.
    (Reuters, 2/16/05)
2005        Feb 16, Israel's parliament gave the final approval to PM Ariel Sharon's plan to withdraw from the Gaza Strip and four West Bank settlements.
    (AP, 2/16/06)
2005        Feb 16, CEO Sergio Marchionne announced Fiat SpA will buy the Maserati sportscar brand from Ferrari, a company in which it already had a majority stake, just three days after winning independence from General Motors Corp.
    (AP, 2/16/05)(Econ, 4/26/08, p.88)
2005        Feb 16, Japan released GDP numbers indicating that its economy has technically been in a recession since Spring of 2004.
    (Econ, 2/19/05, p.40)
2005        Feb 16, In Paraguay the body of Cecilia Cubas, the kidnapped daughter of former President Raul Cubas, was dug up from behind a house months after she was abducted by heavily armed gunmen.
    (AP, 2/17/05)(Econ, 3/12/05, p.40)
2005        Feb 16, In southern Russia a car bomb killed 3 people outside a government building in Dagestan.
    (WSJ, 2/17/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 16, In Sudan 6 tribal leaders in a southern Darfur area agreed to cease attacks against each other and drop all claims for blood money for past assaults on tribesmen.
    (AP, 2/17/05)
2005        Feb 16, Syria and Iran announced a united front amid perceived US threats.
    (WSJ, 2/17/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 16, Former Turkish PM Mesut Yilmaz rejected charges of corruption as he went on trial over a banking scandal with alleged mafia involvement, becoming the first head of government to be tried by the Supreme Court.
    (AFP, 2/16/05)
2005        Feb 16, Vietnam banned all poultry raising in the southern business capital of Ho Chi Minh City this year to limit the risk of bird flu transmitting to humans.
    (AP, 2/16/05)

2006        Feb 16, President Bush said he was satisfied with Vice President Dick Cheney's explanation about his shooting accident; Texas authorities said they had closed their investigation without filing any charges.
    (AP, 2/16/07)
2006        Feb 16, Pennsylvania Sen. Arlen Specter asked the Senate Ethics Committee to investigate whether a top aide improperly helped direct nearly $50 million in Pentagon spending to clients represented by her husband. His request followed a USA TODAY report that he secured $48.7 million in projects for six clients of the aide's spouse's firm.
    (USAT, 2/17/06)
2006        Feb 16, Scientists reported that glaciers in Greenland were melting twice as fast as previously believed. The melting of glaciers in South America and in the Himalayas was also accelerating due to global warming.
    (SFC, 2/17/06, p.A14)
2006        Feb 16, The UN released a report saying the US should shut down the prison for terror suspects at Guantanamo Bay and either release all detainees or bring them to trial.
    (AP, 2/16/06)
2006        Feb 16, In Afghanistan the bodies of two Italian aid workers were found in a guarded compound in Kabul. The Italian news agency ANSA said the two could have died from carbon monoxide poisoning from a defective stove in the compound.
    (AP, 2/16/06)
2006        Feb 16, Australia's parliament stripped regulatory control of an abortion drug from the country's health minister, a staunch Roman Catholic who once warned of an "epidemic" of abortion in Australia.
    (AP, 2/16/06)
2006        Feb 16, A Belgian court found three men guilty of belonging to an Islamic group linked to terrorist attacks in Madrid and Casablanca and sentenced them to at least six years in jail.
    (AP, 2/17/06)
2006        Feb 16, In China Li Datong said the Bing Dian newspaper supplement, known for hard-hitting coverage of sensitive issues, will resume publication March 1. However he and deputy editor Lu Yuegang were removed from their posts and transferred to the News Research Institute, another department of the China Youth Daily.
    (AP, 2/16/06)
2006        Feb 16, Two shipping accidents off eastern China's Fujian province left 61 sailors missing.
    (AP, 2/17/06)
2006        Feb 16, Egypt confirmed its first cases of H5N1 bird flu.
    (Reuters, 2/17/06)
2006        Feb 16, Indonesia signed an agreement with Newmont Gold Corp. to drop a civil  suit in exchange for $30 million to be paid over 10 years for a fund to monitor environmental and community development.
    (WSJ, 2/17/06, p.A6)
2006        Feb 16, A top official said Iraq's Interior Ministry has launched an investigation into claims that Shiite-led death squads have been operating in the country. Attacks around the country killed at least 19 people, including six Iraqis in a car bombing and three sheiks in a drive-by shooting.
    (AP, 2/16/06)(WSJ, 2/17/06, p.A1)
2006        Feb 16, In Baghdad, Iraq, gunmen wearing Iraqi special forces uniforms kidnapped Ghalib Abdul Hussein Kubba, director-general of the Basra International Bank, and his son after killing five of their bodyguards.
    (AP, 2/17/06)
2006        Feb 16, In southern Iraq 2 Macedonians working for a cleaning company were abducted in Basra. A $1 million ransom was demanded for their release.
    (AP, 2/18/06)
2006        Feb 16, Russia's Evgeni Plushenko beat world champion Stephane Lambiel of Switzerland by an unfathomable 27.12 points to win the gold medal in men's figure skating at the Winter Games in Turin, Italy.
    (AP, 2/16/07)
2006        Feb 16, In Karachi, Pakistan, some 40 thousand people shouting "God is Great!" marched and burned effigies of the Danish prime minister in the country's fourth day of protests over cartoons of Prophet Muhammad.
    (AP, 2/16/06)
2006        Feb 16, A human rights group said that homophobic rhetoric has escalated in Poland since a socially conservative party came to power, threatening the rights of gays and lesbians.
    (AP, 2/16/06)
2006        Feb 16, In Romania authorities investigating the leak of secret military documents, including details on coalition troops in Iraq and Afghanistan, arrested Marian Garleanu, a Romanian journalist, for possession of leaked material. Garleanu denied any wrongdoing and said he was targeted because he has repeatedly exposed corruption in the Ministry of Defense.
    (AP, 2/17/06)
2006        Feb 16, Serbia rejected European Union's guidelines for an independence vote in Montenegro, increasing tensions within the troubled Balkan state.
    (AP, 2/16/06)
2006        Feb 16, A government spokesman said a swan found in Slovenia this month died of the lethal H5N1 avian flu virus strain, according to laboratory tests performed in Italy.
    (Reuters, 2/16/06)

2007        Feb 16, The US House of Representatives voted 246-182 for a non-binding resolution opposing Pres. Bush’s plan to send 21,500 more troops to Iraq. 17 Republicans voted in favor.
    (SFC, 2/17/07, p.A1)
2007        Feb 16, An annual survey released Forbes.com said Raleigh, North Carolina, topped the list of the best US cities for getting a job.
    (Reuters, 2/16/07)
2007        Feb 16, US coffee giant Starbucks, locked in a trademark tussle with Ethiopia, said it will not oppose Addis Ababa's bid to brand its coffee in America and pledged to pursue dialogue over the matter.
    (AP, 2/16/07)
2007        Feb 16, Francisco Castaneda, an illegal immigrant from El Salvador, died of penile cancer that went undiagnosed for more than a year while he was in state and federal custody in California. In 2010 a Los Angeles jury awarded his family $1.73 million.
    (SFC, 11/12/10, p.A9)(http://tinyurl.com/2atfmvw)
2007        Feb 16, A rebel commander said the Taliban have deployed 10,000 fighters for a spring offensive of "bloody attacks" against foreign troops in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/16/07)
2007        Feb 16, The ritual sacrifice of a snow-white llama symbolically marked President Evo Morales' nationalization of Bolivia's lone operating tin smelter.
    (AP, 2/17/07)
2007        Feb 16, French President Jacques Chirac said US cotton subsidies were scandalous and immoral because they hurt African farmers.
    (Reuters, 2/16/07)
2007        Feb 16, A spokesperson said the UN has allocated $2.35 million from an emergency fund to provide humanitarian aid to Guinea, which is in the midst of a tense nationwide strike.
    (AP, 2/16/07)
2007        Feb 16, The number of Iraqi civilians killed in Baghdad's sectarian violence fell drastically overnight. 10 bodies were reported by the morgue in the capital, compared to an average of 40 to 50 per day. A US Marine was killed during combat operations in western Anbar province.
    (AP, 2/16/07)(AP, 2/17/07)
2007        Feb 16, An Italian judge indicted 26 Americans and five Italians in the abduction of an Egyptian terror suspect on a Milan street in what would be the first criminal trial stemming from the CIA's extraordinary rendition program. The proceedings were later suspended pending a ruling on the Italian government's request to throw out the indictments.
    (AP, 2/16/07)(AP, 2/16/08)
2007        Feb 16, Japan's Cabinet approved sanctions against Iran over its nuclear program under UN Security Council guidelines.
    (AP, 2/16/07)
2007        Feb 16, Abdul Ghani, a Pakistani health official in charge of a campaign to inoculate children against polio, was killed in a bomb blast following rumors the vaccination was a US plot to sterilize them. Police in southern Pakistan announced they had arrested five suspected militants from the southern city of Karachi and Rawalpindi, a garrison city near Islamabad, and that the suspects were planning suicide attacks on foreigners and minority Shiite Muslims. Police also arrested three Islamic militants who were planning suicide attacks to take place at forthcoming Shiite Muslim gatherings in Sindh province.
    (AFP, 2/16/07)(AP, 2/17/07)
2007        Feb 16, Peru’s President Alan Garcia said that he is selling the presidential airplane in an effort to curb "frivolous" expenses in his administration.
    (AP, 2/16/07)
2007        Feb 16, In Poland Antoni Macierewicz (b.1948), vice-minister of national defense, authored a report on the recently disbanded WSI (military intelligence service) that named dozens of current and former agents.
    (Econ, 2/24/07, p.63)(www.warsawvoice.pl/view/13967)
2007        Feb 16, Russian prosecutors released more details on new theft and money laundering charges against Mikhail Khodorkovsky, a jailed former oil tycoon, and increased by $2 billion the amount of money they say he and his partner stole from subsidiaries of OAS Yukos.
    (AP, 2/16/07)
2007        Feb 16, In Serbia Slobodan Milosevic's paramilitary commander, his secret police chief and five others were convicted of killing four people in an attack against a prominent opposition leader who survived.
    (AP, 2/16/07)
2007        Feb 16, BBVA, Spain's number two bank, said it has reached an agreement to buy US bank Compass Bancshares for around 9.6 billion US dollars (7.4 billion euros) in the latest major foreign acquisition by a Spanish firm.
    (AFP, 2/16/07)
2007        Feb 16, Sri Lanka's navy said it destroyed two Tamil Tiger rebel boats as the craft were hauling hundreds of thousands of steel balls often used in bombs. Four rebel fighters were believed killed. Tamil Tiger rebels accused Sri Lankan security forces of killing 39 civilians and blamed them for the disappearance of 39 others in the last two weeks.
    (AFP, 2/16/07)(AP, 2/16/07)
2007        Feb 16, In Sudan heavy fighting took place between the Targem and Rezegat Maharia tribes in South Darfur state. Unconfirmed reports suggested that between 70 to 100 tribesmen were killed and 14 injured.
    (Reuters, 2/19/07)
2007        Feb 16, A Turkish court sentenced seven suspected al-Qaida militants to life in prison for a pair of 2003 suicide bombings in Istanbul that killed 58 people, attacks prosecutors said were ordered by Osama bin Laden.
    (AP, 2/16/07)
2007        Feb 16, A Yemeni official said a boat loaded with Somali and Ethiopian migrants capsized in the Gulf of Aden during a night crossing in which at least 112 people died.
    (AP, 2/16/07)

2008        Feb 16, US President George W. Bush in Benin, opening a five-country Africa tour,  stepped up pressure on Kenyan leaders to accept a power-sharing deal to end their country's deadly political crisis.
    (AFP, 2/16/08)
2008        Feb 16, In Maryland a car plowed into a crowd that had gathered to watch a drag race on a suburban road, killing 8 people and injuring at least four.
    (AP, 2/16/08)(SSFC, 2/17/08, p.A2)
2008        Feb 16, It was reported that the first flowering in 50 years had taken place in the bamboo forests of Bangladesh leading to a plague of rats. The last flowering in 1958 also caused a similar rodent plague.
    (SFC, 2/16/08, p.B6)
2008        Feb 16, Egyptian border guards shot and killed an Eritrean woman and arrested her two young daughters after they tried to cross illegally into Israel.
    (AP, 2/16/08)
2008        Feb 16, The EU gave the final approval for the deployment of a 1,800-member policing and administration mission in Kosovo.
    (AP, 2/16/08)
2008        Feb 16, In Italy Michael Seifert (83), a former SS prison guard who was sentenced to life in prison in Italy for Nazi war crimes, was jailed near Naples, hours after he was extradited from Canada. Seifert, known as the "Beast of Bolzano," was convicted in absentia in 2000 by a military tribunal in Verona on nine counts of murder committed while he was an SS guard at a prison transit camp in Bolzano, northern Italy.
    (AP, 2/16/08)
2008        Feb 16, A company source said Toshiba Corp is planning to give up on its HD DVD format for high-definition video, conceding defeat to the competing Blu-Ray technology backed by Sony Corp.
    (Reuters, 2/16/08)
2008        Feb 16, In northwest Pakistan a suicide bomber rammed a car packed with explosives into an independent parliament candidate's election office, killing at least 40 people and wounding more than 90 days before a crucial vote. A second car bombing near a checkpoint killed two civilians and wounded eight security personnel.
    (AP, 2/16/08)(AP, 2/17/08)

2009        Feb 16, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton launched her Asia tour in Japan calling US-Pacific ties "indispensable" for curbing problems like climate change, the global financial crisis and nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 2/16/09)
2009        Feb 16, In Stamford, Connecticut, a 200-pound domesticated chimpanzee  was shot dead by police after a violent rampage that left a friend of its owner badly mauled. Travis (15) had once starred in TV commercials for Old Navy and Coca-Cola. The chimp was acting so agitated earlier that afternoon that the owner gave him the anti-anxiety drug Xanax in some tea. Owner Sandra Herold later denied giving Xanax to the chimp. Charla Nash lost her hands, nose, lips and eyelids in the attack. Doctors later said she will be blind for life.
    (AP, 2/17/09)(SFC, 2/19/09, p.A5)(AP, 4/7/09)
2009        Feb 16, In Kansas Republican legislators blocked an effort by Democratic Gov. Kathleen Sebelius to transfer funds to allow the state to pay its bills. Income tax refunds were suspended and the state payroll was threatened. The impasse was resolved the next day as Gov. Sibelius met a key Republican demand and signed a bill to balance the budget.
    (WSJ, 2/17/09, p.A5)(WSJ, 2/18/09, p.A6)
2009        Feb 16, Konrad Dannenberg (b.1912), German-born rocket designer, died in Huntsville, Ala. He was part of Werner von Braun’s rocket development team, which sent a rocket into outer space (1942) and came to the US after WW II.
    (WSJ, 2/21/09, p.A5)
2009        Feb 16, A new British anti-terrorism law went into effect that could effectively bar photographers from taking pictures of police of military personnel.
    (SFC, 2/17/09, p.A2)
2009        Feb 16, Authorities acknowledged that nuclear-armed submarines from Britain and France collided in the Atlantic Ocean earlier this month, touching off new concerns about the safety of the world's deep sea missile fleets. The HMS Vanguard, the oldest vessel in Britain's nuclear-armed submarine fleet, and the French Le Triomphant submarine, which was also carrying nuclear missiles, both suffered minor damage in the collision.
    (AP, 2/16/09)
2009        Feb 16, Sir Ernest Harrison (b.1926), British businessman, died. He led Racal Electronic PLC and oversaw the birth of Vodafone Group PLC (1988).
    (WSJ, 2/28/09, p.A8)
2009        Feb 16, China’s Pres. Hu Jintao arrived in Mauritius to sign deals worth more than 270 million dollars to fund infrastructure projects on the Indian Ocean island. The next day he  pledged continued aid to Africa despite his country's economic downturn, and wrapped up a four-nation visit to the continent.
    (AFP, 2/17/09)
2009        Feb 16, France's top judicial body recognized the French government's responsibility for the deportation of Jews during World War II, the clearest such recognition of the state's role in the Holocaust.
    (AP, 2/16/09)
2009        Feb 16, On the French island of Guadeloupe police detained about 50 people after coming under a barrage of stones as they tried to take down barricades. On Martinique as many as 10,000 demonstrators marched through the narrow streets of the capital to protest spiraling food prices and denounce the business elite.
    (AP, 2/16/09)
2009        Feb 16, In Iraq roadside bombs struck two minibuses filled with Shiite pilgrims returning to Baghdad, killing eight people, in the latest of a series of deadly attacks targeting the pilgrims.
    (AP, 2/16/09)
2009        Feb 16, Officials said Israel has taken control of a large chunk of land near a prominent West Bank settlement, paving the way for the possible construction of 2,500 settlement homes, in a new challenge to Mideast peacemaking.
    (AP, 2/16/09)
2009        Feb 16, Japan warned it was in the deepest economic crisis since World War II, after Asia's biggest economy suffered its worst contraction in almost 35 years.
    (AFP, 2/16/09)
2009        Feb 16, In Madagascar anti-government protesters threw stones and police responded with tear gas as opposition leader Andry Rajoelina continued his attempts to force out the president. No casualties were immediately reported.
    (AP, 2/16/09)
2009        Feb 16, Pakistan’s government agreed to impose Islamic law and suspend a military offensive across much the northwest in concessions aimed at pacifying the Taliban insurgency spreading from the border region to the country's interior.
    (AP, 2/16/09)
2009        Feb 16, Russia’s Pres. Medvedev replaced four provincial governors for their poor performance amid financial crisis and named new governors for the western Oryol, Pskov and Voronezh regions and the northern Nenets region.
    (AP, 2/16/09)
2009        Feb 16, Russia Pres. Medvedev said Bolivia will receive helicopters from Russia to help fight drugs as well as assistance to develop energy resources.
    (AP, 2/16/09)
2009        Feb 16, Cardinal Stephen Kim Sou-hwan (86), South Korea's first cardinal, died. He was a tireless advocate for democracy and stood up to a string of military dictators.
    (AP, 2/16/09)
2009        Feb 16, In Spain Samsung of South Korea unveiled the world's first solar-powered mobile phone at an industry show where the sector is showcasing the new technology it hopes will drive demand through the economic crisis.
    (AFP, 2/16/09)
2009        Feb 16, The UN said Tamil Tiger guerrillas have prevented tens of thousands of civilians from leaving Sri Lanka's war zone and those trying to escape have been "shot and sometimes killed."
    (AP, 2/16/09)

2010        Feb 16, New US Treasury data said China's holdings of US Treasury bonds tumbled in December, allowing Japan to take over as the top holder of American government debt.
    (AFP, 2/16/10)
2010        Feb 16, Simon Property Group Inc sought to pluck General Growth Properties out of bankruptcy, offering to pay $7 billion to creditors and nearly $3 billion to shareholders in a deal that would combine the two largest U.S. shopping mall owners.
    (Econ, 2/20/10, p.64)(www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE61F2JS20100216)
2010        Feb 16, In New Jersey Shamsid-Din Abdul-Raheem (21) threw his 3-month-old daughter off the Garden State Parkway Driscoll Bridge after the mother filed a restraining order against him. The body of the infant was found on April 24.
    (SSFC, 4/25/10, p.A9)
2010        Feb 16, William Gordon (b.1918), American astronomer, died. He designed the Arecibo radio telescope, completed in 1963, in Puerto Rico.
    (Econ, 2/27/10, p.87)
2010        Feb 16, Argentina’s Pres. Cristina Fernandez issued a decree seeking to control all shipping to and from the Falkland Islands, escalating her fight with Britain over drilling for oil and gas in the South Atlantic.
    (SFC, 2/17/10, p.A2)
2010        Feb 16, In Austria 14 countries and the European Commission adopted the Danube River Basin Management Plan, a cleanup plan for the Danube River and its tributaries. Participating countries included Austria, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Montenegro, Moldova, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia and Ukraine.
    (AP, 2/16/10)
2010        Feb 16, In Canada Maelle Ricker thrilled a rowdy hometown crowd and easily won the women's Olympic snowboard cross title, bagging the first gold for a Canadian woman on home soil.
    (AP, 2/17/10)
2010        Feb 16, Jorge Puello, who surged into the spotlight by providing food, medicine and legal assistance to the 10 Americans jailed in Haiti, acknowledged in a phone interview from the Dominican Rep., that he is named in a 2003 federal indictment out of Vermont that accuses him of smuggling illegal immigrants from Canada into the United States. He was already being pursued by authorities in the Dominican Republic on an Interpol warrant out of El Salvador, where police said he led a ring that lured young women and girls into prostitution.
    (AP, 2/17/10)
2010        Feb 16, Dubai police appealed for an international manhunt after releasing names and photos of an alleged 11-member European hit squad accused of stalking and killing a Hamas commander on Jan 19 in a plot that mixed cold precision with spy caper disguises such as fake beards and wigs.
    (AP, 2/16/10)
2010        Feb 16, Georgia's breakaway Abkhazia region said it would allow sponsor Russia to build a military base on its soil for land troops, strengthening the region's dependence on Moscow and provoking ire from Tbilisi..
    (www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE61F3JE20100216)
2010        Feb 16, Greek customs officials and finance ministry employees walked off the job for a 3-day strike as protests grew against the government’s austerity measures, which aimed at pulling the country out a debt crises.
    (SFC, 2/17/10, p.A2)
2010        Feb 16, In Guinea a decree said that Cmdr. Claude Pivi will stay on as minister in charge of presidential security. Pivi is considered a rogue commander who is accused of torturing civilians, including a group of students he arrested outside a nightclub after discovering the side mirror on his SUV was missing. Lt. Col. Moussa Tiegboro was appointed to a special ministerial post within Gen. Sekouba Konate's office. Tiegboro has been named in a UN investigation as one of the principle actors behind a Sept. 28 massacre of at least 157 unarmed civilians.
    (AP, 2/17/10)
2010        Feb 16, Iranian Pres. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, shrugging off international concerns,  announced the country was moving ahead to expand its nuclear enrichment capacities by installing more advanced machinery at its main enrichment facility.
    (AP, 2/16/10)
2010        Feb 16, In Iraq Zia Toma (21), an engineering student, was killed in Mosul, the third in as many days, as community leaders warned of rising violence against the minority ahead of Iraq's March 7 general election. The gunman also wounded pharmacy student Ramsin Shmael (22), both Assyrian Christians.
    (AFP, 2/16/10)(AFP, 2/20/10)
2010        Feb 16, Mexican authorities found the decapitated bodies of five men in the town of Escuinapa, Sinaloa state. 2 of the heads were missing their ears and two more had a "Z" carved on their backs in an apparent reference to the Zetas drug gang.
    (AP, 2/17/10)
2010        Feb 16, Mozambique state media reported that a mob attacked health workers in a town in the northern town of Macoroja, killing one and injuring three others, after accusing them of spreading cholera.
    (AFP, 2/17/10)
2010        Feb 16, Royal Dutch Shell PLC said it was freezing executive pay and revamping bonus policy in the wake of a shareholder rebellion at its annual meeting last year.
    (AP, 2/16/10)
2010        Feb 16, Pakistani intelligence officials said the Taliban's top military commander has been arrested in a joint CIA-Pakistani operation. Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, the group's No. 2 leader behind Afghan Taliban founder Mullah Mohammad Omar and a close associate of Osama bin Laden, was captured some days ago in Karachi.
    (AP, 2/16/10)(Reuters, 2/17/10)
2010        Feb 16, In Sudan gunmen attacked a police convoy outside Nyala in south Darfur, wounding seven Pakistani police officers serving with the UN-AU force. 2 people were soon arrested in connection with an ambush.
    (AP, 2/18/10)
2010        Feb 16, Thailand officials said tests conducted by the government have found that British-made bomb detectors it bought for a total of $21 million have an accuracy rate of only 20 percent, but they will continue to be used.
    (AP, 2/16/10)
2010        Feb 16, UN Sec. General Ban Ki-moon announced that the int’l. convention banning cluster bombs has received the 30 ratifications required and will enter into force on August 1.
    (SFC, 2/17/10, p.A2)

2011        Feb 16, The IBM computer named Watson beat two former Jeopardy champions, Ken Jennings and Brad Rutter, finishing a 3-day match at the TV quiz show.
    (SFC, 2/17/11, p.D4)
2011        Feb 16, In California Norman Wielsch (49), commander of the Central Contra Costa Narcotics Enforcement Team, was arrested along with Christopher Butler (49), owner of a Concord private investigation firm, for allegedly stealing and selling drugs. Stephen Tanabe (47), a Contra Costa deputy sheriff, was arrested on March 4 on drug and weapons charges related to the case against Wielsch and Butler. Tanabe resigned on March 10 after being accused of making “dirty DUI" arrests. Butler later said he helped Wielsch set up a house of prostitution at 670 Gregory Lane in Pleasant Hill in 2009. Butler also said Wielsch robbed prostitutes whose operations competed with his own. Butler and Wielsch were indicted on Aug 15 on drug and corruption charges. Tanabe was indicted on Dec 15. On May 4, 2012, Butler pleaded guilty to 7 criminal counts. His former associate, vice cop Louis Lombardi, was sentenced to 3 years in prison. He had admitted to 9 felonies while working under Wielsch. On Sep 25, 2012, Butler was sentenced to 8 years in prison. On Dec 5, 2012, Wielsch pleaded guilty to stealing drugs and robbing prostitutes. On May 20, 2013, Wielsch was sentenced to 14 years in prison.
    (SFC, 2/18/11, p.C2)(SFC, 3/11/11, p.C3)(SFC, 5/13/11, p.A1)(SFC, 5/14/11, p.A1)(SFC, 8/16/11, p.C1)(SFC, 12/17/11, p.C2)(SFC, 5/5/12, p.A8)(SFC, 9/26/12, p.A1)(SFC, 12/6/12, p.C3)(SFC, 5/21/13, p.C1)
2011        Feb 16, Florida Gov. Rick Scott rejected plans for a high-speed rail link between Tampa and Orlando, turning down over $2 billion in federal money.
    (SFC, 2/17/11, p.A8)
2011        Feb 16, Hawaii lawmakers approved a bill to allow civil unions from same-sex couples. Gov. Neil Abercrombie planned to sign it and civil unions would begin Jan 1, 2012.
    (SFC, 2/17/11, p.A6)
2011        Feb 16, In Elkins, West Virginia, a deputy US marshal was killed an 2 others wounded when drug suspect Charles E. Smith opened fire on them with a shotgun. Smith was shot dead.
    (SFC, 2/17/11, p.A6)
2011        Feb 16, Borders Group Inc filed for bankruptcy protection and said it would close about one-third of its bookstores, after years of shriveling sales that made it impossible to manage its crushing debt load.
    (Reuters, 2/16/11)
2011        Feb 16, France-based Sanofi-Aventis agreed to buy Massachusetts-based Genzyme Corp., the world’s largest maker of medicines for rare genetic disorders, for at least 20.1 billion.
    (SFC, 2/17/11, p.D2)
2011        Feb 16, Google CEO Eric Schmidt unveiled the one-stop payment service, called One Pass, at Berlin's Humboldt University. The announcement came a day after Apple rolled out a long-awaited subscription service for applications designed for its iPhone and iPad. Apple is demanding a 30 percent cut of all subscriptions sold on those mobile apps while Google is charging 10 percent. Schmidt also announced that Google was funding a Berlin-based institute in conjunction with Humboldt University. It would examine the evolution of the Internet and its impact on society.
    (AP, 2/16/11)
2011        Feb 16, Albanian lawmakers voted to lift the immunity of Ilir Meta, a former prime minister (1999-2002) accused of corruption, paving the way for him to be investigated in a case that has triggered a severe political crisis.
    (AP, 2/16/11)
2011        Feb 16, In Argentina the collision of two trains near the San Miguel station, 12 miles west of Buenos Aires, killed four people and injured about 70 others, 14 critically.
    (AP, 2/16/11)
2011        Feb 16, Bahraini protesters demanding sweeping political reforms from their rulers held their ground in an Egypt-style occupation of the capital's landmark square, staging a third day of demonstrations that have brought unprecedented pressure in one of Washington's most strategic allies in the Gulf.
    (AP, 2/16/11)
2011        Feb 16, Brazilian authorities said they have arrested 19 Goias state troopers suspected of taking part in a death squad that allegedly murdered and tortured innocent women and children. Officials said Martha Rocha (51), a 27-year police veteran who led a division responsible for protection of women, will replace Allan Turnowski as head of the troubled 12,000-member Rio Civil Police.
    (AP, 2/16/11)(AFP, 2/17/11) 
2011        Feb 16, Colombian rebels released to the International Red Cross the last two captives of a batch of six after a confusing weekend delay that bred ill will. FARC freed a 35-year-old police major seized in 2007 and an army corporal captured in 2008.
    (AP, 2/16/11)
2011        Feb 16, Egypt’s ruling military council issued its 2nd statement in 3 days calling for an immediate halt to all labor unrest. Airport employees protested for better pay, but did not disrupt flights. Textile workers struck to demand a corruption investigation and residents of a Suez Canal city pressed for closing a chemical factory they say is dumping toxic waste into a lake.
    (AP, 2/16/11)
2011        Feb 16, International migration officials said nearly 100 Egyptians have arrived in Italy in two boats, as fears rose about a wave of people trying to reach Europe because of turmoil in the Arab world.
    (AP, 2/16/11)
2011        Feb 16, In India Maoist rebels in eastern Orissa state kidnapped a senior local official and his aide and demanded an end to security force operations in the area.
    (AFP, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 16, Indonesian marine police said they have up 129 starving men from Myanmar off the coast of Aceh. The refugees all belonged to the Rohingya minority, who are not recognized by Myanmar’s military rulers.
    (SFC, 2/17/11, p.A2)
2011        Feb 16, Iran's opposition leaders remained defiant despite calls from hard-liners for them to be brought to trial and put to death, with reform advocate Mahdi Karroubi saying he was willing to "pay any price" in pursuit of democratic change. State TV called Mousavi and Karroubi mercenaries carrying out a plot designed by Iran's enemies and urged government supporters to rally on Feb 18. Supporters and opponents of the Iranian government clashed at a funeral for a student, Sanee Zhaleh (26), shot dead during the Feb 14 opposition rally. His allegiance was claimed by both sides.
    (AP, 2/16/11)(Reuters, 2/16/11)
2011        Feb 16, A Iraqi teenager was killed when private guards shot at protesters who set fire to several government offices in Kut, the capital of Wasit province. 3 demonstrators were killed in Kut. Baghdad’s city government demanded that the US pay $1 billion and apologize for damage to the city caused by blast walls erected during the nearly 8-year long war.
    (AFP, 2/16/11)(AP, 2/17/11)(Econ, 3/5/11, p.54)
2011        Feb 16, In the Ivory Coast bodies of people, who voted for the opponent of Laurent Gbagbo, have continued to turn up at city morgues. It was reported that at least 296 people have been killed since the Nov 28 elections. The number was based on calls to a UN hot line from family members. Another 100 people were said to be missing.
    (SFC, 2/16/11, p.A4)
2011        Feb 16, A government official said Japan, as of Feb 10, has temporarily suspended its annual Antarctic whaling after repeated harassment by a conservationist group.
    (AP, 2/16/11)
2011        Feb 16, In Libya at least four people were killed in clashes with security forces in Al-Baida, as the country faced a Feb 17 nationwide "Day of Anger" called by cyber-activists.
    (AFP, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 16, Mexican police arrested 2 police officers related to the Feb 14  killing of top intelligence officer Homero Salcido Trevino. A battle between gang members and soldiers left two gunmen dead and paralyzed the western town Zitacuaro.
    (AP, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 16, In South Sudan a one-day meeting began in Juba between leaders of all the south’s parties, the start of a consultation process to draw up a constitution for the new nation. South Sudan's ruling party accused northern authorities of arming rebels since the region's landmark independence vote last month, including renegade troops behind clashes that killed more than 200 people last week.
    (AFP, 2/16/11)
2011        Feb 16, Yemeni authorities flooded the streets of the capital with 2,000 police to try to halt six days of Egypt-style demonstrations against the president of 32 years. One person was killed when police and protesters clashed in the southern port of Aden in the first known death during Yemen's political unrest.
    (AP, 2/16/11)

2012        Feb 16, In Long Beach, Ca., an immigration agent shot and injured another agent and was then killed by a third colleague in a federal building.
    (SFC, 2/17/12, p.A5)
2012        Feb 16, The US returned shipwreck treasure from the Nuestra Senora de las Mercedes, which sank off the coast of Portugal in 1804, to Spain. Odyssey marine Exploration of Tampa, Florida, salvaged treasure from the ship in 2007 at a cost of $2.6 million. Spain had agreed to pay $20 for each coin found on the ship. Some 594,000 silver coins and a couple hundred gold coins were found.
    (SFC, 6/11/12, p.E1)
2012        Feb 16, In Iowa China's leader-in-waiting Xi Jinping reached out to heartland America with billions of dollars in farm deals.
    (AFP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 16, In Detroit Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab (25) of Nigeria was given a mandatory life sentence for trying to blow up a packed jetliner with a bomb sewn into his underwear. Four months ago he pleaded guilty to all charges related to the Dec 25, 2009, Northwest Airlines Flight 253.
    (AP, 2/17/12)
2012        Feb 16, The New Jersey Assembly passed legislation (42-33) legalizing same-sex marriage, sending the bill to Republican Governor Chris Christie, a possible vice-presidential candidate. Gov. Christie vetoed the measure the next day.
    (Reuters, 2/16/12)(AP, 2/17/12)
2012        Feb 16, NY Times journalist Anthony Shadid (b.196), a Lebanon-born 2-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize, died from an apparent asthma attack as he prepared to leave Syria.
    (SFC, 2/18/12, p.A3)
2012        Feb 16, The mediation and security council of the West African regional group ECOWAS approved humanitarian aid of three million dollars for victims of the food crisis and rebel attacks in the Sahel region (Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger).
    (AFP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 16, Britain’s PM David Cameron, on a trip to meet first minister Alex Salmond in Edinburgh, made an impassioned plea to the Scots to remain within the United Kingdom, offering instead more devolved power.
    (Reuters, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 16, Wildlife activists said poachers in Cameroon have slaughtered at least 200 elephants in the past five weeks, where they are more dangerously endangered than anywhere else on Earth.
    (AP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 16, In CongoDRC police in Kinshasa used tear gas to block a march by Christian groups protesting alleged fraud in the November polls that returned President Joseph Kabila and his party to power. Three priests and two nuns were among those jailed.
    (AFP, 2/16/12)(AP, 2/17/12)
2012        Feb 16, Ecuador's highest court upheld a July 20, 2011, criminal libel verdict favoring President Rafael Correa, sentencing three newspaper executives and a columnist to three years in prison each and ordering them to pay a total of $42 million in damages. Three of the four defendants left Ecuador before the verdict, saying they feared for their safety, and Panamanian President Ricardo Martinelli announced he was granting political asylum to El Universo's director, Carlos Perez.  
    (AP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 16, The European Parliament approved a divisive new fishing and farming accord with Morocco that will reduce customs costs and boost trade across the Mediterranean.
    (AP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 16, Indian police detained 35 Tibetan students at a protest outside the Chinese embassy in New Delhi against Beijing's rule over Tibet.
    (AFP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 16, Iranian opposition group the National Council of Resistance said it has agreed to begin evacuating its long-time base in a camp in central Iraq to transfer to a UN-approved site near Baghdad.
    (AFP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 16, An Iraqi judicial panel said that Sunni Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi and his employees ran death squads that for years carried out deadly attacks on security officials and Shiite pilgrims. Al-Hashemi was in Iraq's northern Kurdish region, where he has sought refuge from the central government in Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 16, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu paid a historic visit to Cyprus, declaring the two countries' warming ties a "natural relationship" in a reflection of the rapidly shifting alliances in this turbulent part of the world.
    (AP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 16, Israeli defense officials say they will buy military training jets from Italy.
    (AP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 16, Maldivian President Mohamed Waheed agreed to demands for early elections, after taking power last week in what his ousted predecessor described as a coup d'etat.
    (AFP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 16, Mali said its army is going on the offensive against Tuareg rebels after a number of strategic retreats during the first weeks of fighting. A government-backed plan was presented, drawn up by political parties, that involves them trying to bring rebels to the negotiating table.
    (AP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 16, In Nigeria unknown gunmen shot and killed two police officers in Minna, Niger state. 32 people were killed in a head-on crash between two buses in Bauchi state.
    (AP, 2/17/12)
2012        Feb 16, Pakistan welcomed the leaders of Afghanistan and Iran for a regional summit at a key juncture in peace efforts with the Taliban and amid rising tensions between Tehran and Israel.
    (AFP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 16, Palestinian police said a truck lost control in slick, rainy weather and barreled into a school bus in the West Bank, killing at least seven children and a teacher.
    (AP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 16, Senegal police opened fire with tear gas on protesters who had gone ahead with a sleep-in at a downtown square, even though the government had banned the demonstration being held one week before the country's presidential election.
    (AP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 16, Syrian forces attacked the city of Daraa, carrying out arrests and shooting randomly in the city where the uprising against President Bashar Assad erupted 11 months ago. At least 41 people were killed as security forces bore down on focal points of dissent. UN chief Ban Ki-moon called for an end to the violence in Syria and urged the international community to find a common response to the unrest. The UN General Assembly demanded an immediate halt to Syria's brutal crackdown on dissent. In a strongly worded resolution adopted by a 137-12 vote, member states demanded Assad's government stop attacking civilian demonstrators and start pulling troops back to barracks.
    (AP, 2/16/12)(AFP, 2/16/12)(AFP, 2/17/12)
2012        Feb 16, UN chief Ban Ki-moon urged Afghanistan to make fighting drug trafficking a priority as opium harvests soar in the world's top producer, and said the world must help in the effort in his opening address in Vienna of a Paris Pact meeting to fight drug trafficking in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 16, In Yemen Tariq al-Dahab, a senior al-Qaida leader, was killed by his half brother Hizam in a family feud. An ensuing gunbattle between his followers and opponents left Hizam and 15 other militants dead. Another al-Qaida-linked fighter was killed in clashes with the army in Zinjibar that also left eight soldiers wounded.
    (AP, 2/16/12)(AP, 2/20/12)
2012        Feb 16, Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe told foreign firms to form partnerships with Zimbabweans to secure their investments under new rules requiring them to cede majority stakes to locals.
    (AFP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 16, An animal protection group said 4 Chinese nationals have been arrested in Zimbabwe on cruelty charges after they cut up and ate rare tortoises. The 4 men were found to have entered Zimbabwe illegally and worked without permits in the small scale mining district of Bikita. They awaited deportation.
    (AP, 2/16/12)

2013        Feb 16, Italian sailor Giovanni Soldini led an 8-member team of the Maserati to a record 47-day trip from NYC around Cape Horn to San Francisco, beating a 1998 monohull record.
    (SSFC, 2/17/13, p.A12)
2013        Feb 16, Alberto Morales (42), the Florida prisoner who escaped in Texas after stabbing a detective with his eyeglasses was fatally shot after refusing to cooperate with officers and lunging at them. Morales had escaped on Feb 11 from a Wal-Mart parking lot after attacking the Miami-Dade, Fla., detective.
    (AP, 2/16/13)
2013        Feb 16, Afghan Pres. Karzai issued a decree that orders the prosecution of Afghan security forces involved in torturing prisoners and requires all future interrogations be videotaped.
    (AP, 2/17/13)
2013        Feb 16, In Bangladesh an estimated 100,000 people demonstrated in Dhaka demanding move severe punishment for war criminals from the country’s 1971 liberation war.
    (SSFC, 2/17/13, p.A4)
2013        Feb 16, Bulgaria’s PM Boiko Borisov fired Simeon Djankov, his finance minister and deputy prime minister. Djankov was unpopular for his austerity policies.
    (Econ, 2/23/13, p.52)0
2013        Feb 16, Egypt’s interior ministry announced a move to purchase 100,000 new 9mm pistols for police officers. This ended 5 days of strikes by police demanding greater firepower under increasing lawlessness.
    (SSFC, 2/17/13, p.A4)
2013        Feb 16, A court in Egypt ordered a TV channel that airs belly dancing clips off the air for showing "sexually explicit" content and operating without a broadcast license.
    (AP, 2/16/13)
2013        Feb 16, In India the bodies of three sisters — aged 7, 9 and 11 — were found in a village well in Bhandara district in Maharashtra after they had gone missing from school two days earlier. Police eventually registered a case of rape and murder after a post-mortem of the girls found that they had been sexually abused and brutally killed.
    (AP, 2/22/13)
2013        Feb 16, In Iraq a suicide bomber, pretending to ask for help, assassinated Brig. Gen. Ali Aouni, the head of the Iraq Defense Ministry's intelligence academy, and three bodyguards at his home in the Tal Afar.
    (AP, 2/16/13)
2013        Feb 16, A court in L'Aquila, Italy, convicted four people in the collapse of a university dormitory during the 2009 earthquake in that Apennine mountain town. Eight students died in the collapse during the powerful quake, which struck in the pre-dawn hours of April 6, 2009.
    (AP, 2/16/13)
2013        Feb 16, In Kenya a suspected militant died while planting an improvised explosive device in Garissa at a venue where one of the country's presidential contenders was going to hold a campaign rally.
    (AP, 2/21/13)
2013        Feb 16, In rural northern Nigeria an Islamist group calling itself Ansaru attacked a camp for a construction company in Bauchi state, killing a guard and kidnapping seven foreign workers from Britain, Greece, Italy and Lebanon. Ansaru is a acronym for “Vanguard for the Protection of Muslims in Black Africa."
    (AP, 2/17/13)(Econ, 2/23/13, p.46)
2013        Feb 16, In Pakistan bomb went off in a Shiite Muslim-dominated residential suburb of the city of Quetta killing at least 81 people and wounding some 160. Most of the dead and wounded were Hazaras, an ethnic group that migrated from Afghanistan over a century ago. 8 more people soon died of their wounds bringing the death toll to 89.
    (AP, 2/16/13)(AP, 2/17/13)(AP, 2/18/13)
2013        Feb 16, G20 leaders meeting in Moscow said there would be no currency war and deferred plans to set new debt-cutting targets, underlining broad concern about the fragile state of the world economy.
    (AP, 2/16/13)
2013        Feb 16, A Syrian activist group said pro-government gunmen have kidnapped more than 300 people Idlib province in retaliation for the abduction of 42 Shiite Muslims this week. At least one person was killed in the Palestinian refugee camp of Yarmouk by sniper fire. In the southern region of Quneitra rebels briefly controlled a military checkpoint in the town of Khan Arnaba and captured five officers before they withdrew.
    (AP, 2/16/13)
2013        Feb 16, Syrian peace activist Omar Aziz (64), detained last November, died of health complications at a military hospital.
    (AP, 2/22/13)
2013        Feb 16, In Tunisia thousands of supporters of the ruling Islamist party marched in  Tunis in response to rising criticism of the country’s direction.
    (SSFC, 2/17/13, p.A4)
2013        Feb 16, In Zimbabwe a pastor and three activists were arrested for holding a voter education meeting a day after President Robert Mugabe announced March 16 as the date for a referendum on a new constitution.
    (AP, 2/17/13)

2014        Feb 16, In Colorado 3 people were killed in a single-engine plan crash near Telluride.
    (SFC, 2/18/14, p.A5)
2014        Feb 16, A winter storm hit New England overnight with more than a foot of snow in parts of Massachusetts. Thousands on Cape cod were left without power.
    (SFC, 2/17/14, p.A6)
2014        Feb 16, In Pennsylvania the FBI said it was in contact with Sunbury police regarding Miranda Barbour (19) who says she wants to plead guilty to the killing Troy LaFerrara last November. She said she has also killed at least 22 people across the country over the last six years as part of her involvement in a satanic cult.
    (SFC, 2/17/14, p.A6)
2014        Feb 16, In the Central African Republic troops of the MISCA African Union force clashed with anti-balaka militias at Cantonnier, near the border with Cameroon. 8 people, including 6 civilians, were killed in the firefight.
    (AFP, 2/18/14)
2014        Feb 16, In Egypt a suicide bomber on a tourist bus in the Sinai peninsula killed the Egyptian driver and 3 South Koreans. At least a dozen other tourists on the bus were wounded.
    (AP, 2/16/14)(AP, 2/17/14)
2014        Feb 16, Japanese media said the second heavy snowfall in a week has killed up to a dozen people and injured hundreds over the weekend, while paralyzing traffic and causing power outages. A record 45 inches of snow fell on Yamanashi.
    (AP, 2/16/14)(SFC, 2/17/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 16, In Almaty, Kazakhstan, protesters waived their knickers in a protest  ostensibly over a rule regulating synthetic underwear. The “pantie protesters" were rounded up and led away. The real anger was over the recent devaluation of the country’s currency.
    (Econ, 2/22/14, p.35)
2014        Feb 16, In Libya the wreckage of a helicopter was found near es-Sider port. Authorities began searching for the bodies of the five people who were on board.
    (Reuters, 2/18/14)
2014        Feb 16, In Macedonia an explosion wounded five Roma children in western town of Tetovo. Three people were soon detained in the case.
    (AP, 2/17/14)
2014        Feb 16, In west Nepal a small plane owned by state-run Nepal Airlines Corporation crashed with 18 people aboard in bad weather. Rescuers found the wreckage of the 43-year-old de Havilland Twin Otter the next day near Machinelek.
    (Reuters, 2/16/14)(AP, 2/17/14)
2014        Feb 16, In North Korea John Short (75), an Australian missionary, was questioned and then arrested in his Pyongyang hotel, a day after he arrived there. He has lived in Hong Kong for 50 years and has been arrested previously in China for evangelizing.
    (AP, 2/20/14)
2014        Feb 16, In southwest Pakistan a bomb placed by an ethnic separatist group derailed a train, killing 8 people in Kashmor district, Sindh province. A roadside bomb killed a police officer guarding a polio vaccination drive in the outskirts of Peshawar.
    (AP, 2/16/14) 
2014        Feb 16, A faction of the Pakistani Taliban announced that they had killed 23 soldiers, who they said had been kidnapped in 2010.
    (AP, 2/17/14)
2014        Feb 16, A spokesman for Gaza's Hamas rulers said that the Islamic militant group will oppose any international force in a future Palestine, adding a new complication to US-brokered peace efforts.
    (AP, 2/16/14)
2014        Feb 16, In the southern Philippines Suspected Abu Sayyaf extremists kidnapped a Filipino couple, adding to a group of hostages they are holding that includes two European tourists.
    (AP, 2/16/14)
2014        Feb 16, In Saudi Arabia another man died from a new respiratory virus related to SARS, bringing to 60 the number of deaths in the kingdom at the center of the outbreak.
    (AP, 2/17/14)
2014        Feb 16, South African rescuers worked to reach more than 200 illegal miners reported trapped underground in an abandoned gold shaft in Benoni, a suburb just east of Johannesburg. 22 miners were arrested as they emerged over the next 24 hrs. An unknown number of other miners refused to come up.
    (AP, 2/16/14)(Reuters, 2/17/14)
2014        Feb 16, Switzerland told the newest EU member, Croatia, that it will not be able to sign a labor market pact as planned on July 1, following a shock referendum vote in favor of immigration curbs.
    (Reuters, 2/16/14)
2014        Feb 16, The Western-backed Free Syrian Army (FSA) appointed a new military chief. Brig. Gen. Abdul-Ilah al-Bashir replaces Gen. Salim Idris, who was criticized by many in the opposition for being ineffective.
    (AP, 2/17/14)
2014        Feb 16, In Tunisia armed militants operating a fake checkpoint in the northwest killed 4 people and wounded four others.
    (AP, 2/16/14)
2014        Feb 16, In Ukraine anti-government demonstrators in Kiev ended their nearly three-month occupation of City Hall as promised in exchange for the release of all jailed protesters.
    (AP, 2/16/14)
2014        Feb 16, Venezuela’s Pres. Nicolas Maduro ordered the expulsion of three US consular officials that he accused of infiltrating universities.
    (SFC, 2/17/14, p.A2)

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