Today in History - February 17

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364        Feb 17, Flavius Jovianus (~32), Christian emperor of Rome (363-64), died.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

763        Feb 17, The An Lushan rebellion, begun in 755, ended. It had spanned the reigns of 3 Tang emperors before it was quashed. The rebellion and subsequent disorder resulted in a huge loss of life and large-scale destruction.
    (Econ, 6/9/12, p.87)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/An_Lushan_Rebellion)

1387        Feb 17, Jogaila founded the archdiocese of Vilnius and provided land for the Bishop’s headquarters.
    (LHC, 2/17/03)

1454        Feb 17, At a grand feast, Philip the Good of Burgundy took the "vow of the pheasant," by which he swore to fight the Turks.
    (HN, 2/17/99)

1461        Feb 17, The Houses of York and Lancaster battled again at St. Alban’s. Queen Margaret defeated the Earl of Warwick and freed Henry VI.
    (MH, 12/96)(AM, 7/01, p.69)

1568        Feb 17, Holy Roman Emperor Maximillian II agreed to pay tribute to the Sultan for peace.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1598        Feb 17, Boris Godunov, the boyar of Tatar origin, was elected czar in succession to his brother-in-law Fydor.
    (HN, 2/17/99)

1600        Feb 17, Giordano Bruno (b.1548), Italian philosopher, occasional alchemist and advocate of Copernican theory, was burned at stake by the Catholic Church. In 2008 Ingrid D. Rowland authored “Giordano Bruno: Philosopher / Heretic.”
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giordano_Bruno)(WSJ, 8/21/01, p.A17)(WSJ, 12/19/08, p.A15)

1612        Feb 17, Ernst of Bayern (57), prince, bishop of Luik, archbishop of Cologne, died.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1621        Feb 17, Miles Standish was appointed 1st commander of Plymouth colony.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1634        Feb 17, William Prynne (1600-1669), English Puritan leader and pamphleteer, was tried in Star Chamber for publishing "Histrio-masti."
    (WUD, 1994 p.1159)(MC, 2/17/02)

1652        Feb 17, Gregorio Allegri (67), Italian singer, composer (Miserere), died.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1673        Feb 17, Moliere, [Jean Baptiste Poquelin], French author (Tartuffe, Le Malade Imaginaire), died.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1691        Feb 17, Thomas Neale was granted a British patent for American postal service.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1720        Feb 17, Spain signed the Treaty of the Hague with the Quadruple Alliance ending a war that was begun in 1718.
    (HN, 2/17/99)

1732        Feb 17, Louis Marchand (63), composer, died.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1774        Feb 17, Raphaelle Peale, U.S. painter, was born.
    (HN, 2/17/98)

1776        Feb 17, Edward Gibbon (1737-1794), English historian, published his 1st volume of "Decline & Fall of Roman Empire." He completed the 6-volume classic in 1788.
    (WUD, 1994 p.596)(WSJ, 5/26/07, p.P6)

1796        Feb 17, Giovanni Pacini, composer, was born.
    (MC, 2/17/02)
1796        Feb 17, James Macpherson (b.1736), Scottish poet, died. In 1761 he had announced the discovery of an epic on the subject of Fingal written by Ossian (based on Fionn's son Oisín). He then published poems by Ossian, the alleged blind 3rd century poet, which became very popular and later exposed as a fraud.
    (WSJ, 7/26/08, p.W8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Macpherson)

1801        Feb 17, The House of Representatives broke an electoral tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr, electing Jefferson president. Burr became vice president. When George Washington announced that he would retire from office, he set the stage for the nation's first two-party presidential campaign.
    (AP, 2/17/98)(HN, 2/17/98)
1801        Feb 17, Thomas Jefferson won the White House vowing to get rid of all federal taxes. He was supported by a new coalition of anti-Federalists that was the ancestor of the Democratic Party. In 2003 Jules Witcover authored "Party of the People: A History of the Democrats."
    (WSJ, 10/10/97, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/10/98, p.A18)(SSFC, 11/23/03, p.M1)

1817        Feb 17, A street in Baltimore became the first to be lighted with gas from America's first gas company.
    (AP, 2/17/98)

1820        Feb 17, Henri Vieuxtemps, composer, teacher (Brussels Cons), was born in Verviers, Belgium.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1827        Feb 17, Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (81), Swiss educator, died.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1833        Feb 17, Lt. George Back (1796-1878) departed Liverpool, England, on the packet ship Hibernia with 4 men to search for missing Arctic explorer Captain John Ross. Ross had left England in 1829 to seek a Northwest Passage by way of the Arctic Ocean.
    (ON, 5/04, p.10)(www.britannica.com/eb/article?tocId=9011650)

1836        Feb 17, HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin left Tasmania.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1844        Feb 17, A. Montgomery Ward, mail order business founder, was born.
    (HN, 2/17/98)

1852        Feb 17, The Imperial Museum, the 5th and last building of what became known as the New Hermitage, opened to the public (Feb 2 OS) in St. Petersburg, Russia. It was commissioned by Nicholas I and designed by Leo van Klenze of Germany.
    (www.photofora.com/eugene/centralsquares/newhermitage.htm)(MT, Winter/03, p.13)

1854        Feb 17, Friedrich A. Krupp, German arms manufacturer, was born.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1856        Feb 17, Heinrich Heine (b.1797), German journalist and poet, died in Paris. His prose work included a series of travel memoirs that began in 1826 with “The Harz Journey.”
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heinrich_Heine)

1859        Feb 17, Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Un Ballo in maschera" premiered in Napoli.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1864        Feb 17, Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson (d.1941), Australian poet and journalist, was born. He is best known for his song “Waltzing Matilda.”
    (HN, 2/17/01)(NG, 8/04, p.29)
1864        Feb 17, Confederate officer George Dixon used the submarine H.L. Hunley to sink the USS Housatonic in Charleston Harbor, S.C. 5 Union soldiers died on the Housatonic as did the 9-man crew of the Hunley as it soon sank. In 1995 the Hunley was found by Clive Cussler. The event was turned into a TNT cable movie in 1999. On Aug 8, 2000, the Hunley was raised and returned to Charleston.
    (HN, 2/17/98)(SFC, 7/9/99, p.C1)(SFC, 8/9/00, p.A3)(Econ, 4/10/04, p.25)

1865        Feb 17, The South Carolina capital city, Columbia, was half destroyed by fire as the Confederates evacuated and Union forces under Major General William Tecumseh Sherman marched through. It's not known which side set the blaze. Sherman had made a swift and steady advance through Georgia and South Carolina, and by late February 1865, his army was approaching Charlotte, North Carolina.
    (HN, 2/17/98)(AP, 2/17/98)
1865        Feb 17, Union forces regained Fort Sumter.
    (HFA, '96, p.22)
1865        Feb 17-18, Battle of Charleston SC.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1867        Feb 17, William Cadbury, chocolate manufacturer, was born.
    (HN, 2/17/98)
1867        Feb 17, The 1st ship passed through the Suez Canal.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1870        Feb 17, Mississippi became the 9th state readmitted to US after Civil War. [see Feb 23]
    (MC, 2/17/02)
1870        Feb 17, Nebraska, the last state needed to secure ratification, approved the 15th Amendment to the US Constitution, guaranteeing the right to vote regardless of race.
    (AH, 2/05, p.17)

1874        Feb 17, Thomas J. Watson Sr. (d.1956), U.S. industrialist, was born in upstate New York. In 1914 he began running the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Co., a predecessor to IBM. He converted the financially ailing manufacturing business into the international giant IBM.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1614)(HN, 2/17/99)(WSJ, 5/15/03, p.A1)
1874        Feb 17, Adolphe Quetelet (b.1796), Belgian astronomer and mathematician, died. He founded and directed the Brussels Observatory and was influential in introducing statistical methods to the social sciences.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolphe_Quetelet)

1876        Feb 17, Sardines were 1st canned by Julius Wolff in Eastport, Maine.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1880        Feb 17, Tsar Alexander II of Russia survived an assassination attempt.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1883        Feb 17, A. Ashwell patented a free toilet in London.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1889        Feb 17, H[aroldson] L. Hunt, Texas oil multi-millionaire, was born.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1897        Feb 17, The forerunner of the National PTA, the National Congress of Mothers, was founded in Washington, D.C.
    (AP, 2/17/98)

1901        Feb 17 Gustav Mahler (1860-1911) conducted the Viennese premiere of his Second Symphony, which also saw the first public performance of his early work Das klagende Lied, in a revised two-part form.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustav_Mahler)
1901        Feb 17, Carles Casagemas (b.1881), Spanish painter and close friend of Picasso, shot himself in front of Germaine Pichot.
    (Econ, 2/16/13, p.84)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlos_Casagemas)

1904        Feb 17, The original two-act version of Giacomo Puccini's opera "Madame Butterfly" was poorly received during its world premiere at La Scala, Milan.
    (AP, 2/17/08)

1905        Feb 17, Russia’s Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich (b.1857), the brother of Tsar Alexander III, was assassinated by a terrorist bomb at the Kremlin.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Duke_Sergei_Alexandrovich_of_Russia)(Econ, 12/19/09, p.82)

1906        Feb 17, Alice Lee Roosevelt, President Theodore Roosevelt's irrepressible eldest daughter, married Congressman Nicholas Longworth of Ohio in an elaborate White House ceremony. Heedless of social convention, Alice's behavior routinely shocked her family and friends. Once the president, when confronted with another of Alice's escapades, remarked, "I can do one of two things, I can run the country or control Alice. I cannot do both." Nevertheless, the world public was captivated with the first daughter, who seemed to embody the ideal Gay Nineties woman. In spite of its promising beginning, Alice's 25-year marriage to Longworth was not a happy one, but Alice reigned as the grande dame of Washington, D.C. society for another 50 years.
    (HNPD, 2/16/99)

1908        Feb 17, Walter Lanier “Red” Barber, baseball announcer for the Cincinnati Reds, the Brooklyn Dodgers and the New York Yankees, was born in Columbus, Miss.
    (HN, 2/17/01)(AP, 2/17/08)

1909        Feb 17, Marjorie Lawrence, soprano (Venus-Tannhauser), was born in Australia.
    (MC, 2/17/02)
1909        Feb 17, A government commission reported that the tobacco industry was controlled by six men with 86 firms that were worth $450 million.
    (HN, 2/17/98)
1909        Feb 17, Apache chief Geronimo died of pneumonia at age 80, while still in captivity at Fort Sill, Okla.
    (HN, 2/17/99)

1910        Feb 17, In San Francisco 3 elephants appearing at a Broadway vaudeville house went on a rampage while parading in North Beach.
    (SSFC, 2/14/10, DB p.42)

1911        Feb 17, The 1st hydroplane flight to & from a ship was made by Glenn Curtiss in San Diego.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1913        Feb 17, Oskar Danon, composer, conductor, was born.
    (MC, 2/17/02)
1913        Feb 17, Rene Leibowitz, composer, conductor, was born.
    (MC, 2/17/02)
1913        Feb 17, NY Armory Show introduced Picasso, Matisse, Duchamp to US public. [see Feb 15]
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1917        Feb 17, Edmund Bishop (70), English secretary of Thomas Carlyle, died.
    (MC, 2/17/02)
1917        Feb 21, The SS Mendi steamship sank after being accidentally rammed in the British Channel by the SS Darro, an empty meat ship bound for Argentina. 607 members of the South African Labour Corps, 9 officers and 33 crew lost their lives. The crew of the Darro made no attempt to rescue survivors.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS_Mendi)(Econ, 8/2/14, p.46)

1919        Feb 17, Germany signed an armistice giving up territory in Poland.
    (HN, 2/17/98)

1920        Feb 17, A directorship for the Klaipeda (Kaliningrad) region was formed.
    (LHC, 2/17/03)

1924        Feb 17, Margaret Truman, pres. daughter, writer (Murder at FBI), singer, was born in Mo.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1925        Feb 17, Hal Holbrook, actor (All the President's Men, Mark Twain), was born in Cleveland.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1926        Feb 17, An avalanche buried 75 in Sap Gulch, Bingham, Utah, and 40 died.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1927        Feb 17, The death toll reached 24 with some 3,000 left homeless after a fierce storm hit the Pacific Coast.
    (SFC, 2/15/02, p.G8)

1929        Feb 17, Chaim Potok, novelist (The Chosen, The Promise), was born.
    (HN, 2/17/01)

1932        Feb 17, Irving Berlin's musical "Face the Music," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1933        Feb 17, Newsweek magazine was first published by Thomas J.C. Martyn under the title "News-Week."
    (AP, 2/17/07)
1933        Feb 17, Blondie Boopadoop married Dagwood Bumstead in the comic Blondie.
    (MC, 2/17/02)
1933        Feb 17, US Senate accepted the Blaine Act ending prohibition.
    (MC, 2/17/02)
1933        Feb 17, The League of Nations censured Japan in a worldwide broadcast. The rise of militaristic nationalism led Japan down the road to Pearl Harbor and World War II.
    (HN, 2/17/98)

1934        Feb 17, 1st high school auto driving course was offered by State College, Penn.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1935        Feb 17, Thirty-one prisoners escaped an Oklahoma prison after murdering a guard.
    (HN, 2/17/98)

1936        Feb 17, Jim Brown, NFL fullback (Cleveland Browns), actor (Dirty Dozen), was born in Ga.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1937        Feb 17, Nearly at the end of the four years of construction of the Golden Gate Bridge, 10 construction workers lost their lives when a section of scaffold fell through a safety net. When construction began on the 35-million-dollar bridge spanning the Golden Gate Strait between San Francisco and Marin County, Chief Engineer Joseph B. Strauss was determined to use the most rigorous safety precautions available. Protective hardhats and glare-free goggles were required and special diets were developed to combat dizziness. But it was the safety net strung under the bridge during construction that saved the lives of 19 men who became known as the "Half-Way-to-Hell" Club. Until February 17, 1937, only one life had been lost during construction. The Golden Gate Bridge opened to vehicular traffic on May 28, 1937.
    (HNPD, 2/17/99)

1938        Feb 17, The first Baird color TV was demonstrated at the Dominion Theatre in London. [see Dec 20]
    (HN, 2/17/01)(MC, 2/17/02)

1941        Feb 17, The SS Gairsoppa was torpedoed by a German U-boat. The British ship was carrying some 219 tons of silver when it sank in the North Atlantic some 300 miles (490 km) off the Irish coast. Of the 85 people on board, only one survived. In 2011 Florida-based Odyssey Marine Exploration confirmed the identity and location of the ship. In 2012 Odyssey Marine Exploration said it had succeeded in removing about 43% of the insured silver.
    (AFP, 9/27/11)(www.shipwreck.net/ssgairsoppahistoricaloverview.php)(SFC, 7/18/12, p.A2)

1942        Feb 17, Sidney Newsom (b.1877), California architect, died. He and his brother Noble created homes that recalled Spanish haciendas, English cottages, French chateaus and American colonial homesteads.
    (SFC, 2/4/05, p.F1)(https://digital.lib.washington.edu/architect/architects/1794/)

1943        Feb 17, Dutch churches protested to Artur Seyss-Inquart against persecution of Jews.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1944        Feb 17, U.S forces landed on Eniwetok atoll in the South Pacific Marshall Islands. Battle of Eniwetok Atoll began. US victory on Feb 22.
    (HN, 2/17/99)(MC, 2/17/02)
1944        Feb 17, US began night bombing of Truk in the Marianas Islands.
    (MC, 2/17/02)
1944        Feb 17, Oil was discovered in commercial quantities in Alabama.
    (HN, 2/17/98)

1945        Feb 17, Gen. MacArthur’s troops landed on Corregidor in the Philippines. General Tomoyuki Yamashita was the Japanese general opposing MacArthur.
    (HN, 2/17/98)

1947        Feb 17, The Voice of America began broadcasting to the Soviet Union.
    (AP, 2/17/98)

1949        Feb 16, Chaim Weitzman was elected the 1st president of Israel.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaim_Weizmann)

1950        Feb 17, In New York 31 people died in a train crash at Long Island’s Rockville Center.
    (www.emergency-management.net/pass_train.htm)

1951        Feb 17, FBI director J. Edgar Hoover initiated a secret nationwide program intended to remove politically suspect employees from their jobs. Congress never authorized the “Responsibilities Program” and over 4 years it provided governors of nearly every state verbal reports on the political backgrounds of 908 employees.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F2)
1951        Feb 17, Packard introduced its “250” Chassis Convertible.
    (HN, 2/17/02)

1953        Feb 17, Baseball star and pilot Ted Williams was uninjured as his plane was shot down in Korea.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1955        Feb 17, Britain announced its ability to make hydrogen bombs.
    (HN, 2/17/98)

1956        Feb 17, ATV Midlands launched a weekday service and ABC began transmission at weekends in the same region the following day. A north of England service, covering Lancashire and Yorkshire, began in May, with ABC broadcasting at weekends and Granada during the week.
    (http://media.guardian.co.uk/broadcast/story/0,7493,1057710,00.html)

1957        Feb 17, Suez Canal reopened.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1958        Feb 17, The comic strip "B.C.", created by Johnny Hart (1931-2007), 1st appeared.
    (http://www.toonopedia.com/bc.htm)

1959        Feb 17, The U.S. launched its first weather station in space, Vanguard II weighing 9.8 kg.
    (HN, 2/17/98)(MC, 2/17/02)

1960        Feb 17, Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested in the Alabama bus boycott.
    (HN, 2/17/98)

1962        Feb 17, Beach Boys introduced a new musical style with their hit "Surfin."
    (MC, 2/17/02)
1962        Feb 17, Bruno Walter (85), symphony conductor (NY Philharmonic), died.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1963        Feb 17, Michael Jordon, Chicago Bulls basketball player, was born. He led the Bulls to three consecutive NBA titles and was considered by some to be the greatest basketball player ever.
    (HN, 2/17/99)
1963        Feb 17, Soviet leader Khrushchev visited the Berlin Wall.
    (HN, 2/17/98)

1964        Feb 17, The Supreme Court ruled in Westberry vs. Sanders that  congressional districts within each state had to be roughly equal in population. Boundaries would need to be redrawn after every census.
    (AP, 2/17/98)(Econ, 6/18/11, p.33)

1966        Feb 17, Alfred P. Sloan Jr. (b.1875) former president GM (1923-1956), died. As president of GM he brought in corporate management, introduced the ideas of model changes and offering a car "for every purse and purpose." In 2002 David Farber authored "Sloan Rules."
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R42)

1967        Feb 17, Beatles released "Penny Lane" & "Strawberry Fields." Strawberry Fields was a children’s home run by the Salvation Army. It was closed in 2005.
    (http://www.jpgr.co.uk/r5570.html)(SFC, 6/2/05, p.E8)

1969        Feb 17, Bob Dylan & Johnny Cash recorded an album that was never released.
    (http://hnn.us/blogs/entries/57340.html)
1969        Feb 17, Russia and Peru signed their first trade accord.
    (www.historynet.com/tdih0217.htm)

1970        Feb 17, Robert Marasco's "Child's Play," opened at the Royal theater on Broadway.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3thznf)
1970        Feb 17, Joni Mitchell (b.1943) held a concert at London’s Royal Albert Hall.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3etl9t)
1970        Feb 17, At Fort Bragg, North Carolina, Dr. Jeffrey MacDonald’s wife and 2 daughters were murdered. Dr. MacDonald was convicted of the murders but claimed that drug-crazed assailants were responsible. The book "Fatal Vision" by Joe McGinniss recounted the story. In 2005 evidence was presented that Helena Stoeckley (1953-1983), a defense witness, had admitted to a prosecutor that she was at MacDonald’s house on the night of the murder.
    (WSJ, 4/16/97, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/14/05, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeffrey_R._MacDonald)
1970        Feb 17, Alfred Newman (b.1900), US composer, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Newman)
1970        Feb 17, S.Y. Agnon, Jewish writer and Nobel Prize winner (1966) died in Jerusalem. His books included “Days of Awe,” a compendium of Jewish practices, legends and commentaries.
    (WSJ, 9/22/07, p.W6)(www.kirjasto.sci.fi/agnon.htm)

1972        Feb 17, President Nixon departed on his historic 10-day trip to China.
    (AP, 2/17/98)(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F7)
1972        Feb 17, Giulio Andreotti (1919-2013) began serving his first term as the 41st prime minister of Italy.
    (AP, 5/6/13)

1973        Feb 17, President Richard Nixon named Patrick Gray director of the FBI.
    (HN, 2/17/98)

1975        Feb 17, Art by Cezanne, Gauguin, Renoir, and van Gogh, valued at $5 million, was stolen from the Municipal Museum in Milan.
    (HN, 2/17/98)

1979        Feb 17, China invaded Vietnam and began a "pedagogical" war against Vietnam. China completed its withdrawal on March 19. In China’s border war with Vietnam deputy commander Zhang Wannian led a victorious division offensive in the battle of Liang Shan.
    (www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/prc-vietnam.htm)(SFC, 9/18/97, p.C2)

1981        Feb 17, Pope John Paul II met with President Marcos in Manila.
    (HN, 2/17/98)

1982        Feb 17, Thelonious S. Monk (b.1917), US, jazz pianist, composer (Blue Monk), died. Monk, one of the early bebop musicians of the 1940s, stopped touring and recording in the early 70s, leaving such jazz standards as "Straight, No Chaser" and " ‘Round Midnight." In 2009 Robin D. G. Kelley authored “Thelonious Monk: The Life and Times of an American Original.”
    (HNQ, 2/28/01)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thelonious_Monk)(SFC, 11/26/09, p.F7)
1982        Feb 17, Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe dismissed Joshua Nkomo (1917-1999) for plotting a coup. A rebel insurrection that professed loyalty to Nkomo followed and was crushed. Nkomo fled the country.
    (www.keesings.com/search?kssp_a_id=31550n01zwe&kssp_selected_tab=article)

1985        Feb 17, In Tennessee Sidney Porterfield beat Ron Owens to death at his Shelby County home. On January 14, 1986, Gaile Owens (33), the wife of Ron Owens, was sentenced to death for hiring a stranger to kill her abusive husband. In 2010 her sentenced was commuted to life. In 2011 she won parole.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3dpr6cy)(SFC, 10/8/11, p.A5)
1985        Feb 17, Murray Haydon became the third person to receive an artificial heart.
    (HN, 2/17/98)

1986        Feb 17, Johnson and Johnson, maker of Tylenol, announced it would no longer sell over-the-counter medications in capsule form, following the death of a woman who had taken a cyanide-laced capsule.
    (AP, 2/17/06)
1986        Feb 17, The Single European Act modifying the Treaty of Rome was signed a 1st time in Luxembourg. [see Feb 28] The single European Act was passed to end trade restricting regulations and create a true single European market by 1992.
    (Econ, 9/25/04, Survey p.9)(http://europa.eu.int/abc/history/1986/index_en.htm)   

1988        Feb 17, Lt. Col. William Higgins, an American officer serving with a United Nations truce monitoring group, was kidnapped in southern Lebanon. He was later slain by his captors.
    (AP, 2/17/98)

1989        Feb 17, Iran's President Ali Khamenei said Salman Rushdie, author of "The Satanic Verses," could save himself from a death sentence pronounced by Ayatollah Khomeini if he were to apologize for his book, which was regarded as blasphemous.
    (AP, 2/17/99)

1990        Feb 17, Former President Reagan spent a second day in a Los Angeles courtroom, giving videotaped testimony about the Iran-Contra affair for the trial of his former national security adviser, John Poindexter.
    (AP, 2/17/00)
1990        Feb 17, The first set of Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) officials were elected. Due to electoral protest, the ARMM formally started to function only on July 9, 1990 following the oath taking of Atty. Zacaria A. Candao as First Regional Governor of ARMM.
    (http://www.armm.gov.ph/armm-history/)

1991        Feb 17, Benin held elections for the National Assembly, its first multi-party election since 1964. No party secured an overall majority. The largest grouping was an alliance of the pro-Soglo parties.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beninese_parliamentary_election,_1991)
1991        Feb 17, During the Persian Gulf War, Iraqi Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz traveled to Moscow for a meeting with Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev.
    (AP, 2/17/01)

1992        Feb 17, Serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer was sentenced in Milwaukee to life in prison. He was beaten to death in prison in November 1994.
    (AP, 2/17/98)
1992        Feb 17, Italian police arrested Mario Chiesa, the first one to be picked up in what would become Italy's massive corruption scandals. This date became considered a watershed moment in recent Italian history. Italy’s "Clean Hands" corruption scandal originated in Milan. A series of bribery cases led to the conviction and flight of Socialist Bettino Craxi.
    (AP, 3/31/09)(SFEC, 7/13/97, p.T11)(Econ, 11/26/05, Survey p.10)

1993        Feb 17, President Clinton addressed a joint session of Congress, asking Americans to accept one of the biggest tax increases in history as part of a plan to stimulate the economy and curb massive budget deficits.
    (AP, 2/17/98)
1993        Feb 16-1993 Feb 17, An overcrowded ferry carrying up to 1,500 people sank between Jeremie and Port-au-Prince, Haiti, killing an estimated 500-700 people; only 285 people were known to have survived.
    (AP, 2/17/98)(AP, 2/3/06)

1994        Feb 17, The U.S. government reported a record trade deficit with Japan the previous year.
    (AP, 2/17/99)
1994        Feb 17, Bosnian Serbs began large-scale withdrawal of its heavy guns from the hills around Sarajevo under pressure from Russia.
    (AP, 2/17/99)

1995        Feb 17, Federal judge allowed a lawsuit claiming US tobacco makers knew nicotine was addictive and manipulated its levels to keep customers hooked. 
    (http://starbulletin.com/specials/liggett.html)
1995        Feb 17, Colin Ferguson was convicted of six counts of murder in the December 1993 Long Island Rail Road shootings. He was later sentenced to a minimum of 200 years in prison.
    (AP, 2/17/00)

1996        Feb 17, World chess champion Garry Kasparov beat IBM supercomputer "Deep Blue," winning a six-game match in Philadelphia. Kasparov had lost the first game, won the second, fifth and sixth games and earned draws in the third and fourth.
    (AP, 2/17/01)
1996        Feb 17, The NEAR-Shoemaker space craft was launched. The Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous craft was scheduled to reach the Eros asteroid in 4 years. NASA planned to land the craft on Eros, a 22 by 8 mile rock, in Feb 2001.
    (SFC, 9/22/00, p.A7)
1996        Feb 17, A powerful 7.5 earthquake and subsequent tidal waves hit eastern Indonesia in the region of Irian Jaya and killed at least 62 people. Tidal waves killed more than 100 people in Indonesia.
    (WSJ, 2/20/96, p.A-1)(AP, 2/17/01)

1997        Feb 17, In a surprising development, Pepperdine University said that Whitewater prosecutor Kenneth Starr would step down from the probe to take a full-time job at the school. [see Feb 21]
    (SFC, 2/18/97, p.A1)(AP, 2/17/98)
1997        Feb 17, The Virginia House of Delegates voted to retire the state song “Carry Me Back to Old Virginia,” and make it the state song emeritus.
    (SFC, 2/18/97, p.A3)
1997        Feb 17, In Austin, Texas, Angela Peck was stabbed in the back and the neck by Carl Wayne Thomas (21), a security guard. She pleaded for mercy and promised to blame the attack on a fictitious character. Thomas agreed and summoned aid. She later told the truth and Thomas confessed. He agreed to a 42-year prison sentence for attempted murder.
    (SFC, 10/13/97, p.A9)
1997        Feb 17, Adrian Jacobs, British businessman and writer, died penniless in London. His work included a children’s book titled “The Adventures of Willy the Wizard – No. 1 Livid Land” (1987). In 2009 his estate charged that J.K. Rawlings, author of the popular Harry Potter books, plagiarized his book.
    (SFC, 6/17/09, p.E12)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0414310/bio)
1997        Feb 17, In France striking bus and tram drivers in Lille returned to work after an agreement was reached to reduce their workweek to 35 hours from 38, without a pay reduction, along with an extra 2 weeks annual vacation.
    (SFC, 2/18/97, p.A10)
1997        Feb 17, In Zaire government forces used 3 fighter aircraft to bomb the rebel-held city of Bukavu. At least 6 civilians were killed and 20 injured.
    (SFC, 2/18/97, p.A10)

1998        Feb 17, The U.S. women's hockey team won the gold medal at Nagano, Japan, defeating Canada 3-1.
    (AP, 2/17/99)
1998        Feb 17, President Clinton, preparing Americans for possible air strikes against Iraq, said military force is never the first answer "but sometimes it's the only answer."
    (AP, 2/17/99)
1998        Feb 17, A jury in Fort Worth, Texas, convicted former Naval Academy midshipman Diane Zamora (20) of killing a 16-year-old romantic rival. Zamora and her ex-boyfriend, former US Air Force Academy cadet David Graham, were sentenced to life in prison in the slaying of Adrianne Jones.   
    (AP, 2/17/08)
1998        Feb 17, The US government began an airwave auction to sell rights for 1,150 Mhz chunks of microwave radio spectrum at 28 gigahertz. The spectrum was expected to be used in Local Multipoint Distribution Services (LMDS).
    (SFC, 2/18/98, p.B1)
1998        Feb 17, UN Sec. Gen’l. Kofi Annan announced that he would travel to Baghdad to try to resolve the ongoing crises over Saddam Hussein’s refusal to allow unconditional weapons inspections.
    (SFC, 2/18/98, p.C2)
1998        Feb 17, In Detroit a landlord paid an arsonist (35) a Rottweiler dog for setting a fire to get rid of a family on her property. The fire killed 4 children.
    (SFC, 2/19/98, p.A3)
1998        Feb 17, Bob Merrill (b.1921), composer and lyricist, died from suicide at age 74. His work included the musicals "Carnival" and "Funny Girl" and the song "How Much Is That Doggie in the Window."
    (www.msu.edu/~daggy/cop/bkofdead/obits-me.htm)
1998        Feb 17, In Belgium a parliamentary panel found no police complicity in the killings of 4 girls in Charleroi that sparked demonstrations in 1996.
    (WSJ, 2/18/98, p.A1)
1998        Feb 17, Ernst Juenger, German writer, died at age 102.
    (SFC, 2/18/98, p.A18)
1998        Feb 17, In Indonesia Pres. Suharto fired Soedradjad Djiwandono, the country’s Central Bank chief.
    (SFC, 2/18/98, p.C3)
1998        Feb 17, An Iranian crowd cheered as US wrestlers carried the Stars and Stripes into an international meet in Tehran.
    (AP, 2/17/99)
1998        Feb 17, In Sierra Leone 7 Western relief workers were reported kidnapped.
    (SFC, 2/18/98, p.C3)

1999        Feb 17, In a satellite-linked address to college campuses across the country, President Clinton made his case for shoring up Social Security and Medicare.
    (AP, 2/17/00)   
1999        Feb 17, In Berlin Israeli security guards shot and killed 3 Kurds who forced their way into the Israeli consulate. The protesters were enraged by reports that Israel aided in the arrest of Kurdish rebel leader Abdullah Ocalan.
    (SFC, 2/18/99, p.A1)(AP, 2/17/00)
1999        Feb 17, Andy Elson (45) and Colin Prescot (48) of England launched a balloon attempt to circle the globe from Almeria in southern Spain.
    (SFC, 2/19/99, p.A13)
1999        Feb 17, In Ecuador legislator Jaime Hurtado was shot dead along with 2 aides in Quito.
    (WSJ, 2/18/99, p.A1)
1999        Feb 17, In Mexico armed men kidnapped Alvaro Campos, the father of soccer star Jorge Campos, near Acapulco. Campos was released after 6 days.
    (SFC, 2/19/99, p.A15)(SFC, 2/24/99, p.A9)
1999        Feb 17, In the Philippines Brigadier Gen'l. Victor Obillo was kidnapped by rebels of the New People's Army in the Baguio district of Davao City.
    (SFC, 2/18/99, p.A12)
1999        Feb 17, In Romania police crushed a coal miners protest and arrested Miron Cozma. One person was killed and a hundred were injured.
    (SFC, 2/18/99, p.A12)

2000        Feb 17, A House panel said in a report that the program to inoculate all 2.4 million American military personnel against anthrax was based on “a paucity of science” and should be suspended; the Pentagon defended the program and vowed to continue the inoculations.
    (AP, 2/17/01)
2000        Feb 17, Alan Greenspan warned that the Federal Reserve would probably raise interest rates to further avert inflation. The next Fed meeting was scheduled for Mar 21.
    (SFC, 2/18/00, p.A1)
2000        Feb 17, In China authorities detained Chen Zixiu (60) for heading to Beijing to protest for the Falun Gong. She was unable to pay a fine of $120 and was beaten and died on Feb 21. The government denied mistreatment.
    (SFC, 2/29/00, p.A14)(SFC, 3/1/00, p.A13)
2000        Feb 17, Russia was accused by human rights groups  and refugees of brutality toward Chechens in camps. Vladimir Putin named Vladimir Kalamanov, the head of the migration service, to look into allegations of torture, rape and executions by Russian soldiers against Chechen civilians. Separately Zhirinovsky was barred by electoral authorities from the presidential ballot.
    (SFC, 2/19/00, p.A10)(WSJ, 2/18/00, p.A1)

2001        Feb 17, Pres. Bush named John Negroponte (62) as the next US ambassador to the UN.
    (SSFC, 2/18/01, p.D5)
2001        Feb 17, Khalid Abdul Muhammad (born as Harold Moore), national chairman of the New Black Panther Party and former Nation of Islam official, died at age 53 in Marietta, Ga. He was known for his harsh rhetoric about Jews and whites 
    (SSFC, 2/18/01, p.A2)(AP, 2/17/02)
2001        Feb 17, In El Salvador another earthquake hit San Salvador. The 5.3 quake killed at least 1 person.
    (SSFC, 2/18/01, p.D6)
2001        Feb 17, The Cambodian-registered East Sea freighter with 912 ethnic Kurds ran aground off the French Riviera. The crew of the ship fled following the intentional grounding. Criminal gangs in Turkey and Iraq were reported to be behind the smuggling.
    (SSFC, 2/18/01, p.D1)(SFC, 2/19/01, p.A10)

2002        Feb 17, Pres. Bush opened a three-nation Asian tour in recession-wracked Japan, where he urged PM Junichiro Koizumi to follow through on long-promised economic reforms.
    (SFC, 2/18/02, p.A1)(AP, 2/17/07)
2002        Feb 17, The new US Transportation Security Administration took over supervision of aviation security from the airline industry and the Federal Aviation Administration.
    (AP, 2/17/07)
2002        Feb 17, Ward Burton took advantage of Sterling Marlin's blunder for his first victory in the Daytona 500. Marlin, who appeared in control of the race, was penalized for getting out of his car and pulling briefly on a damaged fender during the stoppage.
    (AP, 2/17/07)
2002        Feb 17, There were 3 reported winning Lotto tickets in the record $193 million Cal. state lottery. Andy Kampe (57) picked up a claim form at Albertson’s in Half Moon Bay on Feb 18.
    (SFC, 2/18/02, p.A2)(SFC, 2/19/02, p.A1)
2002        Feb 17, Israeli police foiled an attempted suicide bombing near Hadera. One man was shot and killed and another killed when his stolen car exploded. The Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed the 2 dead as its members.
    (SFC, 2/18/02, p.A9)
2002        Feb 17, In Nepal Communist rebels killed 129 police, soldiers and civilians in Mangalsen and Sanphebaga.
    (SFC, 2/18/02, p.A3)
2002        Feb 17, In Saudi Arabia a man was sentenced to 6 years in prison and 4,750 lashes for having sex with his wife’s sister. The woman, who did not consent, was sentenced to 6 months and 65 lashes.
    (SFC, 2/18/02, p.A10)

2003        Feb 17, An estimated 40 million viewers tuned in to the finale of Fox's reality show "Joe Millionaire," in which Evan Marriott chose Zora Andrich.
    (AP, 2/17/04)
2003          Feb 17, A blizzard shut down much of the mid-Atlantic region on Presidents Day with windblown snow up to 4 feet deep, halting air and some rail travel and caused at lest 40 deaths.
    (AP, 2/17/03)(SFC, 2/18/03, A1)(SFC, 2/19/03, A3)
2003          Feb 17, In Chicago 21 people were killed at the E2 nightclub in an early morning stampede after security guards used mace and pepper spray to halt a fistfight between 2 women. On Sep 23 the owner and 3 others associated with the club were charged with involuntary manslaughter.
    (SFC, 2/18/03, A1)(SFC, 9/24/03, p.A3)
2003        Feb 17, Baltimore Orioles pitcher Steve Bechler died of heatstroke at a Fort Lauderdale, Fla., hospital, less than 24 hours after complaining of dizziness during a spring training workout.
    (AP, 2/17/04)
2003          Feb 17, London began charging motorists $8 a day to drive in its center.
    (SFC, 2/17/03, A2)
2003        Feb 17, European Union leaders declared their solidarity with the United States, warning Saddam Hussein that Iraq faced one "last chance" to disarm peacefully but calling war a last resort.
    (AP, 2/17/04)
2003          Feb 17, Israeli soldiers killed a top Hamas fugitive in a roadside ambush. In another operation they raided a stronghold of the militant Islamic group, shooting dead 2 Palestinians and blowing up the house of a suspected bombmaker.
    (AP, 2/17/03)
2003        Feb 17, American CIA operatives snatched Egyptian cleric Hassan Mustafa Osama Nasr (Abu Omar) from his house in Milan and took him to Egypt, where he was jailed, tortured and released. In 2005 an Italian judge ordered the arrest of 13 American suspects on charges of kidnapping. In 2009 Nasr asked for euro10 million (nearly $15 million) in damages from the American and Italian defendants charged in his abduction.
    (Econ, 7/2/05, p.48)(AP, 10/7/09)(SFC, 10/8/09, p.A2)
2003          Feb 17, In Mexico the bodies of 3 women were found in the desert outside of Ciudad Juarez, the latest victims in a string of killings in the border city.
    (AP, 2/18/03)
2003          Feb 17, Uzbek journalist Ergash Bobozhonov (61), who wrote articles published abroad criticizing corruption among officials, was arrested and faced charges including libel.
    (AP, 2/22/03)

2004        Feb 17, Cameron Todd Willingham (b.1968) was executed in Texas. He had been convicted of murdering his three young children by arson at the family home in Corsicana, Texas on December 23, 1991. An informant who sent him to jail later said he lied in order to get a reduced sentence on pending robbery charges.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cameron_Todd_Willingham)(Econ, 10/4/14, p.33)
2004        Feb 17, In Wisconsin John Kerry won the primary with about 40 percent of the vote while Edwards finished a close second with 34 percent. Dean, who had banked his future on a strong showing, drew just 18 percent.
    (AP, 2/18/04)(SFC, 2/18/04, p.A1)
2004        Feb 17, Cingular Wireless won the bidding war to acquire AT&T Wireless Services for nearly $41 billion in cash, a deal that would create the largest cell phone company in the US.
    (AP, 2/17/04)
2004        Feb 17, In Connecticut 2 cranes collapsed at a bridge construction site and one worker was killed.
    (WSJ, 2/18/04, p.A1)
2004        Feb 17, In Ecuador riot police firing tear gas clashed with hundreds of Indian protesters, leaving at least 17 people injured in the second day of demonstrations demanding more roads and better education for isolated Andean communities. Separately prison inmates held 360 visitors hostage to protest overcrowding, long sentences and poor conditions including a lack of running water.
    (AP, 2/17/04)
2004        Feb 17, Finnish technology group Setec said it won the first order for passports with new biometric technology required by international aviation authorities and the U.S. government.
    (AP, 2/17/04)
2004        Feb 17, The Gambian president announced the discovery of "large quantities" of oil in his tiny West African nation, saying the offshore find would eliminate poverty and hunger.
    (AP, 2/17/04)
2004        Feb 17, In Haiti pres. Aristide said the nation is in the throes of a coup attempt and appealed for international help.
    (WSJ, 2/18/04, p.A1)
2004        Feb 17, India and Pakistan reached a broad agreement on the timetable for sustained peace talks on disputed Kashmir and other tough issues separating the South Asian neighbors.
    (AP, 2/17/04)
2004        Feb 17, In Iraq roadside bombs killed 2 U.S. soldiers in separate attacks in Baghdad and Sunni Muslim areas to the north of the capital.
    (AP, 2/17/04)
2004        Feb 17, A new study reported that 2 cows in Italy had been found with a new form of mad cow disease, bovine amyloidotic spongiform encephalopathy (BASE).
    (SFC, 2/17/04, p.A7)
2004        Feb 17, Jose Lopez Portillo (83), former Mexican president (1976-1982) who governed through an oil-driven boom to a debt-induced bust, died of complications from pneumonia.
    (AP, 2/18/04)
2004        Feb 17, The Dutch parliament approved a measure to expel 26,000 people seeking political asylum, despite objections from left-leaning political parties and human rights groups.
    (AP, 2/17/04)
2004        Feb 17, UN agencies began urgently airlifting relief supplies into eastern Chad and western Sudan to help more than 600,000 Sudanese lacking food, water and medical supplies because of fighting.
    (AP, 2/17/04)

2005        Feb 17, President Bush named John Negroponte, the U.S. ambassador to Iraq, as the government's first national intelligence director (DNI). Central American politicians and human rights activists issued stinging criticism of Negroponte, citing the career diplomat's active backing for the Contra rebels and support for a government involved in human rights abuses.
    (AP, 2/17/05)(Econ, 3/19/05, p.29)
2005        Feb 17, Two US Border Patrol agents in Texas stopped a van carrying 743 pounds of marijuana and shot Osvaldo Aldrete-Davila, an admitted Mexican drug smuggler, as he fled back across the Rio Grande. In 2006 agents Ignacio Ramos and Jose Compean were sentenced to 11 and 12 years in prison for offenses that included violating the smuggler’s civil rights and failure to report the shooting to superiors. In 2007 Latino gang members beat Ignacio Ramos at the Yazoo City Federal Correctional Complex in Mississippi. Both agents were freed in 2009 following a commute of their sentences by outgoing Pres. George Bush.
    (SFC, 10/20/06, p.A6)(SSFC, 2/18/07, p.A11)(SFC, 2/18/09, p.A6)
2005        Feb 17, ChoicePoint Inc., a national provider of identification and credential verification services, said it will send an additional 110,000 statements to people informing them of possible identity theft after a group of well-organized criminals was able to obtain personal information on almost 140,000 consumers through the company. In 2006 ChoicePoint agreed to pay $15 million to settle FTC charges that consumer privacy rights were violated in the DB theft.
    (http://money.cnn.com/2005/02/17/technology/personaltech/choicepoint/)(SFC, 1/27/06, p.D3)
2005        Feb 17, An archaeology report by the Museum of New Mexico's Office of Archaeological Studies confirmed that a 600-year-old pueblo is buried under Santa Fe's City Hall, its convention center, the parking lot they share and nearby federal buildings.
    (AP, 2/17/05)
2005        Feb 17, Researchers demonstrated a robot that used a “passive-dynamic design” to learn walking step by step like a toddler.
    (SFC, 2/18/05, p.A2)
2005        Feb 17, Gene scientists published the 1st map of a common DNA variations.
    (WSJ, 2/18/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 17, Dan O'Herlihy (85), Irish-born actor, died in Malibu, Calif.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0641397/)
2005        Feb 17, In Afghanistan a cold snap over the past month has claimed at least 267 lives and thousands more people were thought to be stranded in remote areas. Winter blizzards left over 1,000 children dead.
    (AFP, 2/17/05)(SFC, 3/3/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 17, In Brazil Pres. Da Silva signed decrees creating 2 new Amazon environmental protection areas in a region of Para state coveted by soy farmers and ranchers less than a week after an American nun was gunned down trying to protect the jungle from deforestation.
    (AP, 2/18/05)(SFC, 2/18/05, p.A14)
2005        Feb 17, EU finance ministers warned Greece to get its finances in order by the end of 2006 and bring its annual budget deficit in line with EU spending rules or face hefty fines.
    (AP, 2/17/05)
2005        Feb 17, Georgia’s parliament approved Zurab Nogaideli as premier.
    (WSJ, 2/18/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 17, Iraq's electoral commission certified the results of the Jan. 30 elections and allocated 140 of 275 National Assembly seats to the United Iraqi Alliance, giving the Shiite-dominated party a majority in the new parliament.
    (AP, 2/17/05)
2005        Feb 17, Hundreds of Jewish settlers took first steps to eventually leave their homes in the Gaza Strip, a day after Israel's parliament approved $871 million in compensation for them.
    (AP, 2/17/05)
2005        Feb 17, In Rwanda cabinet ministers from 11 African nations gathered to flesh out details of a deal intended to end a cycle of wars, rebellions, dictatorships and poverty in central Africa's Great Lakes region.
    (AP, 2/17/05)
2005        Feb 17, Spanish police arrested two suspected members of the armed Basque separatist group ETA in Valencia, seizing explosives that they planned to use for imminent attacks.
    (AP, 2/17/05)
2005        Feb 17, In southern Thailand a bomb exploded near a tourist hotel in the border town of Sungai Kolok, killing 5 people and wounding over 40.
    (AP, 2/17/05)(SFC, 2/18/05, p.A3)

2006        Feb 17, Harry Whittington, the lawyer shot by Vice President Dick Cheney while quail hunting, left a Corpus Christi, Texas, hospital, saying "accidents do and will happen."
    (AP, 2/17/07)
2006        Feb 17, A federal jury in New Orleans cleared Merck and Co. in the death of a 53-year-old Florida man who had taken the painkiller Vioxx.
    (AP, 2/17/07)
2006        Feb 17, Two US CH-53E helicopters crashed off the coast of Djibouti. Only 2 of 12 crew members survived.
    (AP, 2/19/06)
2006        Feb 17, Louisiana lawmakers voted to assume control of new Orleans levees from local boards.
    (WSJ, 2/18/06, p.A1)   
2006        Feb 17, A fierce storm system swept across the Midwest moving eastward, ripping the roof off an Indiana church, pelting Arkansas with hail and cutting power to thousands in Michigan.
    (AP, 2/17/06)
2006        Feb 17, Radio Shack Corp. , whose chief executive has admitted to lying on his resume, said quarterly profit fell 62 percent after a switch in wireless providers led to an inventory write-down, sending its shares to a nearly three-year low. The company announced a new turnaround plan that includes closing 400 to 700 company-operated stores.
    (Reuters, 2/17/06)
2006        Feb 17, US-based Space Adventures announced it plans to build a $265 million spaceport in the United Arab Emirates.
    (AP, 2/18/06)
2006        Feb 17, Ray Barreto (76), a Grammy-winning Latin jazz percussionist, died in New Jersey.
    (SFC, 2/18/06, p.B5)
2006        Feb 17, William Cowsill (58), lead singer of the family band The Cowsills, died in Calgary, Alberta. The pop family band was the inspiration for “The Partridge Family” TV series (1970-1974).
    (SFC, 2/21/06, p.B4)(AP, 2/17/07)
2006        Feb 17, UN and government officials said 6 Congolese soldiers died of hunger in an army training camp that ran out of food in the east of the country.
    (AP, 2/17/06)
2006        Feb 17, French President Jacques Chirac has arrived for his first visit to Thailand as head of state, with Paris hoping to secure lucrative contracts in one of the most dynamic countries in the region.
    (AFP, 2/17/06)
2006        Feb 17, In Iraq authorities also found the bodies of three men who had been bound and shot in the head in northern Baghdad. 2 gunmen stormed into a fashion accessories store in southern Baghdad's Maalif area and killed two brothers working there. Drive-by gunmen killed a cigarette salesman in Husseiniyah, a town about 20 miles northeast of Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/17/06)
2006        Feb 17, An Iraqi contractor pleaded guilty to adding $1.14 million in fraudulent surcharges after Halliburton hired his company to fly in military cargo.
    (WSJ, 2/18/06, p.A1)
2006        Feb 17, In western Japan 2 young children were found stabbed on a roadside, one dead and the other seriously injured.
    (AP, 2/17/06)
2006        Feb 17, In Benghazi, Libya, 11 people were killed or wounded during a riot at the Italian consulate when police firing bullets and tear gas tried to contain more than 1,000 demonstrators hurling rocks and bottles. The Libyans were angry over caricatures of the Prophet Muhammad.
    (AFP, 2/18/06)(Econ, 3/26/11, p.32)
2006        Feb 17, Nepal's Supreme Court ordered the royalist government to release 37 political detainees who opposed the king's rule, while communist insurgents freed two abducted officials amid a major army offensive in the southwest.
    (AP, 2/18/06)
2006        Feb 17, Pakistan security forces seized heavy weapons and munitions destined for Islamic militants in a northwestern tribal region near Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/17/06)
2006        Feb 17, A Pakistani cleric announced a $1 million bounty for killing a cartoonist who drew Prophet Muhammad, as thousands joined street protests and Denmark temporarily closed its embassy and advised its citizens to leave the country.
    (AP, 2/17/06)
2006        Feb 17, In the eastern Philippines a rain-soaked mountainside disintegrated into a torrent of mud, swallowing hundreds of houses and an elementary school in sludge three stories high. 1,800 people were missing and feared dead, which included nearly every man, woman and child who lived in Guinsaugon. Logging in the area was cited as a contributing factor. 8.5 million acres of forests had been logged in the Philippines over the last 15 years.
    (AP, 2/18/06)(SFC, 2/18/06, p.A9)
2006        Feb 17, Russian prosecutors opened an investigation into the editor of a newspaper that reprinted caricatures of the Prophet Muhammad, and another paper was ordered closed after publishing a cartoon depicting Muhammad along with Jesus, Moses and Buddha.
    (AP, 2/17/06)
2006        Feb 17, David Sampson, America’s Deputy Sec. of Commerce, announced in Kiev that the US now recognized Ukraine as a market economy.
    (Econ, 11/4/06, p.86)

2007        Feb 16, US Senate Republicans foiled a Democratic bid to repudiate President Bush's deployment of 21,500 additional combat troops to Iraq. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice made a surprise visit to Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/17/08)
2007        Feb 16, At Camp Pendleton, Calif., Marine Lance Cpl. Robert B. Pennington was sentenced to 8 years in military prison for his role in the kidnapping and killing of an Iraqi civilian.
    (AP, 2/17/08)
2007        Feb 17, In Cape Canaveral, Florida, a rocket carried 5 satellites into orbit as part of the THEMIS mission to study magnetic storms in the Earth’s atmosphere.
    (SSFC, 2/18/07, p.A4)
2007        Feb 17, In North Dakota More than 8,900 people flapped their arms and legs on the state Capitol grounds in an attempt to reclaim the record, which was snatched away about a year ago in Michigan. The snow angel category was created in 2002 when 1,791 people made snow angels on the Capitol grounds in North Dakota.
    (AP, 2/17/07)
2007        Feb 17, In Chicago 3 women were found bludgeoned to death with a hammer in two apartments on the city's far North Side. Police had a suspect in custody. All were Assyrian Christians, and recent immigrants to the US.
    (AP, 2/18/07)
2007        Feb 17, In southwestern Pennsylvania fire swept through a house in Waynesburg, killing six young children and a woman and injuring one other person.
    (AP, 2/17/07)
2007        Feb 17, NATO-led forces in southern Afghanistan shot to death an Afghan civilian mistaken for a suicide bomber because of twine and straps protruding from his jacket.
    (AP, 2/18/07)
2007        Feb 17, In Rio de Janeiro the Black Ball band, which has played carnival since 1918, opened the first full day of Carnival.
    (AP, 2/17/07)
2007        Feb 17, About 40 prisoners escaped from a jail in East Timor, adding to security concerns as it prepares for elections following political turmoil and violence last year.
    (AP, 2/17/07)
2007        Feb 17, Ecuador’s new leftist President Rafael Correa said he will resign if his supporters do not win control of an assembly to rewrite Ecuador's constitution.
    (AP, 2/17/07)
2007        Feb 17, President Jacques Chirac awarded the Legion d'Honneur order to actor and director Clint Eastwood (76), calling his latest films lessons in humanity. Chirac said Eastwood's latest films "Flags of our Fathers" and "Letters from Iwo Jima" showed the impasse that can follow from the blind use of force.
    (AP, 2/17/07)
2007        Feb 17, Maurice Papon (96), a former French Cabinet minister, died. He was convicted of complicity in crimes against humanity for his role in deporting Jews during World War II and became a symbol of France’s collaboration with the Nazis.
    (AP, 2/17/07)(Econ, 2/24/07, p.99)
2007        Feb 17, Police in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh recovered 390 pieces of bones of newly born babies or fetuses from the backyard of a Christian missionary hospital. Last December, the government said 10 million girls had been killed by their parents in the past 20 years either before they were born or immediately after.
    (Reuters, 2/18/07)
2007        Feb 17, In Iraq a suicide car bomber rammed into a crowded market in Kirkuk moments after a booby-trapped vehicle exploded, killing at least nine people and injuring 60. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice made an unannounced stop in Baghdad before heading for scheduled talks in Israel. Iraqi authorities foiled a potential suicide bomber near Karbala. A minivan came under fire after the driver failed to slowdown at a checkpoint, and then detonated the explosives and was killed in the blast. A US soldier in Baghdad was killed when an insurgent hurled a grenade at his vehicle. Another soldier died when a patrol came under fire north of Baghdad. A US Marine died in western Iraq.
    (AP, 2/17/07)(AP, 2/18/07)(AP, 2/19/07)
2007        Feb 17, Some 70 thousand Italians under heavy police guard protested against the expansion of a US military base in Vicenza that has divided the center-left government.
    (Reuters, 2/17/07)(Econ, 2/24/07, p.61)
2007        Feb 17, Lesotho held elections. The ruling party, which has brought stability to the mountain kingdom, faced a new rival set up on a platform of change.
    (AP, 2/17/07)
2007        Feb 17, Former Nicaraguan President Arnoldo Aleman acknowledged for the first time that he spent $1.8 million in government money on jewelry and meals, mostly while he was abroad seeking aid following the devastation of Hurricane Mitch in 1998.
    (AP, 2/18/07)
2007        Feb 17, Nigerian hostage takers released an American oil worker in Port Harcourt.
    (AP, 2/18/07)
2007        Feb 17, In southwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber killed 15 people, including a judge, after blowing himself up inside a courtroom in Quetta.
    (AP, 2/17/07)
2007        Feb 17, A US human rights watchdog that recently sent a team to Saudi Arabia to investigate abuses said in a new report the kingdom keeps thousands of prisoners in jail without charge, sentences children to death and oppresses women.
    (AP, 2/18/07)
2007        Feb 17, Syrian President Bashar Assad arrived in Iran to discuss Iraq and other Middle East issues with President Mahmoud Ahmadinajed.
    (AP, 2/17/07)
2007        Feb 17, James Morris, the head of the UN food agency, said some 18,000 children die every day because of hunger and malnutrition and 850 million people go to bed every night with empty stomachs, a "terrible indictment of the world in 2007."
    (AP, 2/17/07)

2008        Feb 17, US President George W. Bush discussed the bloody conflict in neighboring Kenya with Tanzania's Pres. Jakaya Kikwete before showering him with praise and signing over a $700 million development grant.
    (Reuters, 2/17/08)
2008        Feb 17, The US Department of Agriculture ordered the recall of 143 million pounds of frozen beef from a California slaughterhouse, the subject of an animal-abuse investigation, that provided meat to school lunch programs. Downer cows at the Hallmark/Westland Meat Packing Company had been processed and sent for use in the National School Lunch Program.
    (AP, 2/18/08)(Econ, 3/1/08, p.36)
2008        Feb 17, In Afghanistan a suicide bombing at an outdoor dog fighting competition in Kandahar killed 80 people and wounded scores more, in what appeared to be the deadliest terror attack there since the fall of the Taliban in 2001. The attack apparently targeted Abdul Hakim Jan, a militia commander, who had stood up against the Taliban and died in the attack.
    (AP, 2/17/08)
2008        Feb 17, In Algeria African Union energy ministers launched a new energy organization for Africa tasked with coordinating policy for the resource-rich continent.
    (AP, 2/17/08)
2008        Feb 17, British chancellor Alistair Darling announced that stricken mortgage lender Northern Rock would be nationalized.
    (Econ, 2/23/08, p.73)
2008        Feb 17, In China an explosion at an illegal mine disguised as a wild boar farm killed 26 people in northern Hebei province. On Dec 31, 2009, Gao Huailiang was sentenced to death in Hebei province, for making, selling and transporting illegal explosives. 20 others were sentenced to prison time for running the mine.
    (AP, 2/18/08)(AP, 12/31/09)
2008        Feb 17, Communist party leader Demetris Christofias led in exit polls after Cyprus elections. It was unclear who he would be competing against in a run-off on Feb 24.
    (AP, 2/17/08)
2008        Feb 17, Indian troops killed at least 20 Maoist guerrillas in clashes following the killing of 13 policemen by the insurgents in the eastern state of Orissa.
    (AFP, 2/17/08)
2008        Feb 17, Israeli troops backed by aircraft and tanks clashed with Palestinian militants firing mortars and machine guns near Gaza's former international airport, killing three gunmen and a civilian. Later a Palestinian rocket struck a house in the southern Israeli town of Sderot, shortly after the UN's humanitarian chief condemned the rocket fire and urged Gaza's Hamas rulers to end the attacks.
    (AP, 2/17/08)
2008        Feb 17, In Iraq a female suicide bomber struck in a predominantly Shiite area of central Baghdad, killing at least three people in an attack that occurred as officials have been stressing the capital's increased security. In Mosul a police officer and two civilians were killed when a bomb in a parked car detonated.
    (AP, 2/17/08)
2008        Feb 17, Kosovo declared itself a nation, mounting a historic bid to become an "independent and democratic state" backed by the US and key European allies but bitterly contested by Serbia and Russia. Russia denounced Kosovo's independence declaration and called for an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council, underlining its opposition.
    (AP, 2/17/08)
2008        Feb 17, Madagascar was hit by Cyclone Ivan. At least 44 people were killed and some 145,000 left homeless.
    (Reuters, 2/18/08)(SFC, 2/26/08, p.A3)
2008        Feb 17, In New Zealand 3 people were killed after a light plane and a helicopter collided in mid-air in the coastal settlement of Paraparaumu.
    (AP, 2/17/08)
2008        Feb 17, In southwest Pakistan a military pickup truck struck a land mine that killed four troops and wounded two others. The Baluch Republican Army, a little known rebel group, claimed responsibility for the attack.
    (AP, 2/17/08)
2008        Feb 17, In South Korea a special prosecutor's team questioned President-elect Lee Myung-bak over allegations of financial fraud a week ahead of his inauguration.
    (AP, 2/17/08)

2009        Feb 17, Pres. Obama announced the deployment of 17,000 extra US troops to Afghanistan. Pres. Karzai spoke on the phone with President Barack Obama for the first time.
    (AP, 2/18/09)(http://news.yahoo.com/s/time/20090218/us_time/08599188024600)
2009        Feb 17, The US federal government said Texas financier R. Allen Stanford's investment businesses were too good to be true, and shut his companies down. The SEC charged Stanford (58) with an $8 billion fraud. On Feb 19 Stanford was tracked down in Virginia, where FBI agents served him with civil complaint legal papers.
    (AP, 2/17/09)(WSJ, 2/18/09, p.A1)(AP, 2/19/09)
2009        Feb 17, Chrysler and GM told the US government they may need up to $21.6 billion in combined bailout loans. GM’s survival plan called for cutting a total of 47,000 jobs globally and closing 5 more US factories.
    (SFC, 2/18/09, p.C1)(WSJ, 2/18/09, p.A1)
2009        Feb 17, Liberty Media Corp. said it will invest $530 million in financially struggling satellite radio company Sirius XM Radio Inc.
    (AP, 2/17/09)
2009        Feb 17, Trump Entertainment Resorts Inc, the casino operator named for Donald Trump, filed for bankruptcy protection as recession and declining gambling revenues battered the company and its rivals.
    (Reuters, 2/17/09)
2009        Feb 17, In the SF Bay Area a sewage spill began at the Fort Baker treatment plant of the Sausalito-Marin County Sanitaru District. By the next day some 300,000 gallons of bacteria-laden sewage had entered the SF Bay.
    (SFC, 2/18/09, p.B4)
2009        Feb 17, In Atlanta, Georgia, Eugenia Calle (57), a prominent researcher who studied links between cancer and obesity, was found beaten to death in her condominium. Jamal Thompson (22) was soon arrested and charged with her murder.
    (SFC, 2/20/09, p.A10)(www.inquisitr.com/18407/dr-eugenia-calle-murder/)
2009        Feb 17, In Afghan a US airstrike reportedly killed six women and two children, despite a recent US-Afghan agreement to increase participation of Afghan forces in US missions, a step aimed at preventing civilian casualties. The US coalition said that the strike in the Gozara district of Herat province killed 15 militants and targeted a leader named Ghulam Yahya Akbari. The US military on Feb 21 said an investigation into a coalition operation Gozara found that 13 civilians were among 16 people killed.
    (AP, 2/18/09)(AP, 2/21/09)
2009        Feb 17, British experts that they have found the first evidence of a hemophiliac contracting mad cow disease from contaminated blood products.
    (AP, 2/17/09)
2009        Feb 17, China and Russia signed a $25 billion energy deal in Beijing that will see the Asian country secure oil supplies from Moscow for the next 20 years in return for loans.
    (AP, 2/17/09)
2009        Feb 17, Colombia's main leftist rebel group said that it "executed" eight Indians in the country's remote southwest, accusing them of acting as paid informants for Colombia's military. The communique posted on a Web site sympathetic to the rebels followed widespread but unconfirmed reports that as many as 27 Awa Indians had been killed.
    (AP, 2/17/09)
2009        Feb 17, The UN said some 4.9 million more Ethiopians are in urgent need of food aid, bringing the total number of people in Ethiopia who need relief aid to 12 million, or 15 percent of the population.
    (AP, 2/17/09)
2009        Feb 17, In Equatorial Guinea gunmen clashed with security forces near the presidential palace. Gunmen in two speedboats attacked the island capital before dawn. 16 men from neighboring Nigeria were arrested in the mysterious attack on the presidential compound. The government said several attackers drowned.
    (AP, 2/17/09)(AP, 2/19/09)
2009        Feb 17, France's lower house of parliament unanimously passed a law granting government payments to those who take time off work to care for dying relatives in their last weeks of life.
    (AP, 2/17/09)
2009        Feb 17, Frank-Walter Steinmeier, Germany's foreign minister met with top Iraqi leaders in Baghdad in the latest high-level visit by a major Western nation that opposed the 2003 US-led invasion but has promised to help Iraq rebuild now that security has improved.
    (AP, 2/17/09)
2009        Feb 17, In southern Iraq a bus filled with Shiite pilgrims collided with a British military vehicle, killing seven pilgrims and injuring 27 others.
    (AP, 2/18/09)
2009        Feb 17, A Milan court sentenced David Mills, the British former tax lawyer of Italian PM Silvio Berlusconi, to four-and-a-half years in jail for corruption. In 2010 Italy’s highest court overturned a guilty verdict against Mills, ruling that the stature of limitations had expired.
    (AFP, 2/17/09)(SFC, 2/25/10, p.A2)
2009        Feb 17, Japan's Finance Minister Shoichi Nakagawa abruptly resigned over allegations he made a drunken appearance at a G-7 news conference, shaking PM Taro Aso's already deeply unpopular government. On Oct 4 Nakagawa (56) was found dead in his home. Police ruled out foul play.
    (AP, 2/17/09)(AP, 10/4/09)
2009        Feb 17, In Japan US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton warned North Korea against following through on a threatened missile launch, saying it would damage its prospects for improved relations with the United States and the world. Clinton also signed an agreement with Japan that will move 8,000 Marines off the southern Japanese island of Okinawa to the US territory of Guam.
    (AP, 2/17/09)
2009        Feb 17, Kosovo celebrated the first anniversary of its unilateral declaration of independence from Serbia. Thus far it was recognized by only 54 of the UN’s 192 countries. Five of the EU’s 27 countries so far refused recognition.
    (Econ, 2/14/09, p.16)
2009        Feb 17, Business leaders in Martinique agreed to a 20 percent price cut on most supermarket products, despite initial refusal.
    (AP, 2/18/09)
2009        Feb 17, In Mexico hundreds of people blocked bridges to the US in three border cities, demanding the army leave in another challenge for the Mexican government as it struggles to quell escalating drug violence. 3 police officers, including the operations director of the Ciudad Juarez city police, were shot to death by unidentified assailants on a street near the US consulate. Federal police fighting gunmen in the northern border city of Reynosa had to call the army for help. After the fighting, which left five gunmen dead and seven police injured, authorities seized several assault rifles and even a 60 mm mortar. Cardboard signs with handwritten messages appeared taped to the doors and windows of businesses in ciudad Juarez, warning that one officer would be killed every two days police chief Roberto Orduna did not quit.
    (AP, 2/18/09)(AP, 2/18/09)
2009        Feb 17, In southern Nigeria gunmen attacked two oil facilities operated by Royal Dutch Shell. A local militant leader claimed responsibility for the attack in a letter and threatened further violence. A Nigerian appeal court sacked the governor of the southwestern state of Ekiti after complaints of vote irregularities and ordered a fresh poll within three months.
    (AP, 2/17/09)(AFP, 2/18/09)
2009        Feb 17, NATO warned that Pakistan risked creating a safe haven for Islamist extremists after it struck a deal to impose Islamic law and suspend a military offensive in the former tourist haven of Swat.
    (AP, 2/17/09)
2009        Feb 17, In Portugal Conchita Cintron (b.1922), Peruvian-born matador, died. She faced her first bull at age 13 and made her premier at the main arena in Lima in 1937. She reportedly killed over 750 bulls during her career in Europe.
    (SFC, 2/20/09, p.B8)(Econ, 3/7/09, p.93)
2009        Feb 17, The UN agency for children said Sri Lanka's Tamil Tigers have stepped up conscription of child soldiers, as the rebels prepare to face a final onslaught by the military. Tamil politicians accused the Sri Lankan government of ignoring the safety of tens of thousands of civilians in its campaign to wipe out the Tamil Tiger rebels, saying more than 2,000 noncombatants have been killed in the recent fighting.
    (AFP, 2/17/09)(AP, 2/17/09)
2009        Feb 17, The Sudanese government and Darfur's most powerful rebel group signed an declaration to conduct future peace negotiations, but failed to agree on a hoped-for cease-fire after a week of talks.
    (AP, 2/17/09)
2009        Feb 17, Sudanese writer Tayeb Salih (b.1929), one of the most respected Arab novelists of the 20th century, died in London where he spent most of his life. His books included the classic "Season of Migration to the North" (1966) about a Sudanese man's experiences of life and love in Britain in the 1960s.
    (AFP, 2/18/09)
2009        Feb 17, The Yemeni Interior Ministry announced the surrender of Abu al-Hareth Muhammad al-Oufi, a former Guantanamo detainee who later became an al-Qaida field commander. He was handed over to Saudi authorities.
    (AP, 2/17/09)
2009        Feb 17, In Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe and his arch rival Morgan Tsvangirai sat at a cabinet table for the first time as ministers of the country's new unity government held their inaugural meeting. A Zimbabwe court charged Roy Bennett, a senior MDC party official, over a plot involving terrorism and insurgency, just days after the party joined a unity government.
    (AFP, 2/17/09)(Reuters, 2/17/09)

2010        Feb 17, Defense Secretary Robert Gates announced that the Obama administration has decided to give the war in Iraq a new name, "Operation New Dawn," effective Sept 1, to reflect the reduced role US troops will play in securing the country this year as troop levels fall.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3dhn288)
2010        Feb 17, San Francisco police along with state and federal agents arrested 28 suspected gang members in a daylong operation to clear the “worst of the worst” off the streets.
    (SFC, 2/20/10, p.C4)
2010        Feb 17, In Palo Alto, Ca., a Cessna 310 crashed into a neighborhood after takeoff from the fogged-in Palo Alto Airport, killing all 3 people aboard. 4 houses were damaged, but no one on the ground was injured. Pilot Doug Bourn (56), Brian Finn (42) and Andrew Ingram (31) worked for Tesla Motors Inc.
    (SFC, 2/18/10, p.A1)(SFC, 2/19/10, p.A9)
2010        Feb 17, It was reported that a mysterious illness was killing brown pelicans along the northern California coast. Some 100 birds were in for treatment at the Int’l. Bird Rescue Research Center in Cordelia. Some 300 others found treatment at the center’s San Pedro branch. Biologists on Feb 22 said stormy weather had caused the disappearance of prey in stirred up waters possible due to El Nino and recent big storms.
    (SFC, 2/17/10, p.A1)(SFC, 2/23/10, p.C2)
2010        Feb 17, Military commanders raised the Afghan flag in the bullet-ridden main market of the Taliban's southern stronghold of Marjah as firefights continued to break out elsewhere in the town between holed-up militants and US and Afghan troops. Helmand Gov. Gulab Mangal said about 40 insurgents have been killed since the offensive began Feb 13. Four NATO service members have been killed, and one Afghan soldier.
    (AP, 2/17/10)
2010        Feb 17, In Brazil the Unidos da Tijuca samba group was crowned champion of the Rio Carnival parades for the first time in more than seven decades. Viradouro, which chose a 7-year-old as a drums corps queen, placed last out of 12 schools in the drum corps category, and scored even lower in the float category.
    (AP, 2/17/10)
2010        Feb 17, France's Pres. Nicolas Sarkozy made the first visit ever by a French president to Haiti, once his nation's richest colony. Sarkozy said France will cancel Haiti’s 56 million in debt and pledged hundreds of millions in aid for the catastrophic Jan 12 earthquake.
    (AP, 2/17/10)(SFC, 2/18/10, p.A3)
2010        Feb 17, In Haiti 8 American missionaries were freed from jail and left for Miami, nearly three weeks after being arrested trying to take 33 children out of the earthquake-stricken country. Group leader Laura Silsby and her former nanny Charisa Coulter remained in jail.
    (AP, 2/17/10)(SFC, 2/19/10, p.A4)
2010        Feb 17, In Iraq the bullet-riddled body of Assyrian Christian student Wissam George (20) was recovered in Mosul after he went missing the same morning.
    (AP, 2/20/10)
2010        Feb 17, In Myanmar Gaw Thita, a Buddhist monk, was quietly sentenced to seven years in prison violating immigration laws by taking a trip to Taiwan last year.
    (AP, 2/20/10)
2010        Feb 17, Pakistan's government was forced into an embarrassing U-turn, withdrawing the recent appointments of top judges that sparked a showdown with the Supreme Court and a fresh crisis in the country. Police in Karachi arrested a suspected Taliban commander. He was identified as Abdullah, also known as Abu Waqas, a commander from the Bajaur region on the Afghan border. Unknown gunmen ambushed a vehicle carrying militants in the Kurrum region on the border, killing six Taliban and wounding two. A US drone fired a missile into the North Waziristan region on the Afghan border, killing at least three militants.
    (AFP, 2/17/10)(Reuters, 2/17/10)
2010        Feb 17, A court in Sri Lanka freed 14 men held on suspicion of plotting a coup with opposition leader and ex-army chief Sarath Fonseka.
    (AFP, 2/17/10)

2011        Feb 17, US federal authorities charged 111 doctors, nurses and physical therapists in nine cities with Medicare fraud totaling over $225 million, part of a massive nationwide bust that snared more suspects than any other in history. The indictments were for suspects in Miami, Los Angeles, Dallas, Houston, Detroit, Chicago, Brooklyn, Tampa, Fla., and Baton Rouge, La.
    (AP, 2/18/11)
2011        Feb 17, Federal prosecutors in Arizona said two illegal immigrants from Mexico, Jose Beltran-Bermudez and Yazmin Arvayo-Palafox, have been indicted after they were found to possess a combined 222 assault rifles and 5 pistols that authorities say were headed to Mexico.
    (AP, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 17, US Federal authorities said police have arrested nine people and seized 300 firearms, including assault rifles, in a raid targeting an arms ring that allegedly sold weapons to Mexican drug traffickers. Operation Too Hot to Handle netted a haul of around 300 guns, mostly Kalashnikov-type rifles and semi-automatic pistols, seized in Arizona, Texas and Mexico.
    (Reuters, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 17, In Florida Jorge Barahona (53) appeared in court on charges of aggravated child abuse. He and his wife had adopted twins, a boy and a girl, from foster care in 2008. On Feb 14 Nubia (10) was found dead. Her brother was found coated in a toxic chemical and Barahona was found doused in gasoline in an apparent attempt at suicide.
    (SFC, 2/18/11, p.A7)
2011        Feb 17, In Ohio Frank Spisak (59), who shot three people to death nearly 30 years ago on the campus of Cleveland State University in a shooting rampage that targeted African Americans, was executed. His racially motivated shooting spree took place from February 1982 to August 1982. During his 1983 trial, Spisak grew a Hitler-style mustache, carried a copy of Hitler's book "Mein Kampf" and gave the Nazi salute to the jury.
    (www.cbsnews.com/8301-504083_162-20032917-504083.html)(SFC, 2/18/11, p.A5)
2011        Feb 17, In Wisconsin 14 Democratic lawmakers disappeared as the state Senate was about to begin debating a measure by Gov. Scott Walker that would eliminate collective bargaining for most state public employees. Protesters filled the Capitol for a 3rd day.
    (SFC, 2/18/11, p.A6)
2011        Feb 17, Chevron and a US aid agency announced a $50 million plan aimed at improving conditions in Nigeria's main oil-producing region, where pollution and poverty have led to years of unrest.
    (AFP, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 17, Afghan and NATO forces said they have captured leaders of an insurgent group in eastern Afghanistan, including one believed to be linked to last month's suicide attack on a Kabul supermarket. Insurgent attacks elsewhere killed three, including a NATO service member. The multinational force said it killed a member of the Haqqani network in an airstrike in Khost province. An Afghan National Police officer was killed when he was hit by a NATO convoy in a traffic circle near the US Embassy in Kabul. A NATO operation in Kunar province killed number of insurgents. Afghan civilians were later reported killed in the operation.
    (AP, 2/17/11)(Reuters, 2/20/11)(AP, 2/21/11)
2011        Feb 17, An Australian diver was killed by sharks in south Australia, in only the second fatal shark attack in Australian waters in more than two years.
    (AP, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 17, Bahrain army patrols and tanks locked down Manama after riot police swinging clubs and firing tear gas smashed into demonstrators, many of them sleeping, in a pre-dawn assault in the capital that uprooted their protest camp demanding political change. At least five people were killed and more than 230 injured.
    (AP, 2/17/11)(AP, 2/18/11)
2011        Feb 17, Belgium citizens staged a party to mark 249 days without a government, a figure that they are treating as a world record in political waffling. Belgium snatched Iraq's dubious record as the country boasting the world's longest political crisis of recent times.
    (AP, 2/17/11)(AFP, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 17, Britain's government said gay couples are to be allowed civil partnership ceremonies in churches, erasing some of the last remaining distinctions between gay partnerships and traditional marriages.
    (AP, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 17, Cyber crime costs the British economy some 27 billion pounds ($43.5 billion) a year and appears to be "endemic," according to the 1st official government estimate of the issue.
    (Reuters, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 17, Analysts of the British research firm, Capital Economics, wrote that the government of Venezuela could default on its obligations in 2012.
    (Econ, 2/26/11, p.43)
2011        Feb 17, A top Canadian cabinet minister said a cyber attack on key economic ministries last month was serious but will not affect the timing of next month's federal budget. The Canadian Broadcasting Corp said hackers using China-based servers had broken into computer systems at the Finance Department and Treasury Board.
    (Reuters, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 17, China warned the United States not to use calls for uncensored access to the Internet as a pretext to interfere in the domestic affairs of other countries.
    (AP, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 17, At least 1,500 Egyptian workers from the Suez Canal Authority protested for better pay in three cities straddling the strategic waterway.
    (AP, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 17, Hong Kong’s health authority said at least 12 people have died from swine flu in less than a month, after the latest death from the disease.
    (AFP, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 17, In Iran opposition leader Mir Hossein Mousavi was reported missing. His daughters said they had no word from either of their parents since Feb 15.
    (SFC, 2/18/11, p.A2)
2011        Feb 17, In Iraq Kurdish security forces opened fire in Sulaimaniyah on a crowd of protesters surrounding the headquarters of the party affiliated with Kurdish President Massoud Barzani. Two people were killed and 54 injured. Hundreds of demonstrators massed in the southern city of Basra to demand the local governor's ouster. Protesters in Nasir stormed a local government building. Gunmen in a speeding car shot and killed a spokesman for the provincial government in the northern city of Mosul.
    (AP, 2/17/11)(AFP, 2/19/11)
2011        Feb 17, Israeli forces shot dead three Palestinians along the tense border with the Gaza Strip before dawn. Soldiers fired on the men after they were spotted planting an explosive device in a no-go zone along the border between 2 and 3 am.
    (AP, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 17, A Lebanese military court convicted Amin al-Baba of spying for Israel and sentenced him to death. He had been spying for Israel from 1997 until his 2009 arrest.
    (AP, 2/18/11)
2011        Feb 17, Libyan protesters seeking to oust longtime leader Moammar Gadhafi defied a crackdown and took to the streets in four cities on what activists have dubbed a "day of rage." At least 14 demonstrators have been reported killed in clashes with pro-government groups.
    (AP, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 17, Madagascar's ousted president said he will attempt to return from exile in South Africa despite facing a life sentence in prison, as the regime that forced him out in a coup vowed to keep order on the Indian Ocean island nation.
    (AP, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 17, In Mexico cartel member Juan Carlos Vasconcelos (24) was arrested for three shootings that killed 20 people on the outskirts of Mexico City. The 1st shooting left 5 people dead on Jan 8. Another killed 8 people on Jan 16 and the third left 7 dead Feb 13. Six human heads were dumped outside a police station in Veracruz state. An 11-year-old boy and his father were killed in an ambush on their car in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 17, In northern Nigeria police killed three men after they attacked a bank and a police station in Darazo, Bauchi state.
    (AP, 2/18/11)
2011        Feb 17, In Puerto Rico police arrested 469 people over the last 36 hours in a sweep that targeted people accused of crimes ranging from murder to traffic violations.
    (AP, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 17, Russian riot police raided the offices of Inteko, a building company belonging to Yelena Baturina, Russia’s richest woman and wife of former Moscow Mayor Yuri Luzhkov. The raid was part of an investigation into the alleged embezzlement of $444 million from the Bank of Moscow.
    (SFC, 2/18/11, p.A3)
2011        Feb 17, Swiss media reported that a private helicopter carrying five people has crashed near the western Swiss ski resort of Les Diablerets.
    (AP, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 17, In Tanzania an ammunition depot exploded in Dar Es Salaam killing at least 25 people and sent thousands into a stadium for safety.
    (SFC, 2/18/11, p.A2)
2011        Feb 17, Pope Benedict XVI and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev met at the Vatican, stressing the need for better ties and the promotion of shared Christian values.
    (AP, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 17, In Vietnam 12 people from nine countries were killed in Vietnam's deadliest tour boat accident since the country opened to foreign visitors 25 years ago. Nine foreigners and six Vietnamese survived only by flinging themselves overboard and swimming to other tour boats anchored nearby in Ha Long Bay.
    (AP, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 17, In Yemen several thousand protesters defied appeals for calm from the military and the country's most influential Islamic cleric and marched through the capital, pressing on with their campaign to oust the US-allied president.
    (AP, 2/17/11)

2012        Feb 17, The US Congress approved legislation renewing a payroll tax cut for 160 million workers and jobless benefits for millions more, backing the main items on President Barack Obama's jobs agenda in a rare burst of Washington bipartisanship.
    (AP, 2/17/12)
2012        Feb 17, The FBI arrested Amine El Khalifi (29) of Morocco in Washington DC. He was charged by criminal complaint with attempting to use a weapon of mass destruction against US property. He had a MAC-10 automatic weapon and wore a suicide-bomber vest given to him by FBI undercover agents posing as accomplices in the sting operation. If convicted, he could receive a maximum sentence of life in prison.
    (SFC, 2/18/12, p.A12)
2012        Feb 17, The westbound top deck of the SF Bay Bridge was closed until Feb 21 as work progressed on the new eastern span set to open Labor Day 2013. The bridge reopened the evening of Feb 19 as work was completed ahead of schedule.
    (SFC, 2/18/12, p.A1)(SFC, 2/20/12, p.A1)
2012        Feb 17, In Louisiana two barges collided near Laplace spilling oil and leading officials to close a 5-mile stretch of the Mississippi River.
    (SFC, 2/18/12, p.A5)
2012        Feb 17, In Angola the Epal water utility in Luanda vowed to repair a burst water main within days, to end severe shortages that have lasted a week across much of the city. Most people in this city of seven million live without running water or electricity.
    (AFP, 2/17/12)
2012        Feb 17, Budget carrier Air Australia collapsed, stranding thousands of passengers as its domestic flights and international services to Honolulu, Bali and Phuket were all grounded.
    (AFP, 2/17/12)
2012        Feb 17, Bahrain announced the deportation of four foreign activists for "taking part in illegal demonstrations," bringing to 12 the number expelled over the past week.
    (AFP, 2/18/12)
2012        Feb 17, In Brazil the globe's biggest Carnival bash opened in Rio. It promised to be an even bigger blowout this year, with 20 percent more tourists expected than in 2011.
    (AP, 2/17/12)
2012        Feb 17, British student Glenn Mangham (26) was jailed for 8 months after admitting to hacking into Facebook between April and May last year. Mangham claimed he had been trying to expose weaknesses in Facebook's security and was not driven by financial motives.
    (AFP, 2/18/12)
2012        Feb 17, In western China Tibetan Buddhist monk Tamchoe Sangpo set himself on fire at Bongtak monastery in Qinghai province amid a wave of such protests against China's handling of the vast Tibetan areas it rules.
    (AP, 2/18/12)
2012        Feb 17, Thousands of Egyptians rallied in the Mediterranean city of Port Said, saying that its residents were not behind a deadly soccer riot earlier this month that killed 74 people.
    (AP, 2/17/12)
2012        Feb 17, The EU partially lifted sanctions on Zimbabwe to encourage further progress in political reforms but kept restrictions on veteran President Robert Mugabe.
    (AFP, 2/17/12)
2012        Feb 17, In France British PM David Cameron and French President Nicolas Sarkozy put recent disputes behind them to unveil a nuclear power deal and renew their own sometimes shaky political alliance. Cameron said the British engineering firm Rolls-Royce will secure a £400 million (481 million euro, $632 million) share in the work to build Britain's first French-pioneered EPR reactor at Hinkley Point in southern England.
    (AFP, 2/17/12)
2012        Feb 17, France and Britain pledged to help the Syrian opposition in its struggle against Bashar al-Assad's regime but said conditions were not right for a foreign intervention as in Libya. Pres. Sarkozy urged anti-Assad forces to unite and be better organized.
    (AFP, 2/17/12)
2012        Feb 17, Germany’s conservative Pres. Christian Wulff resigned over allegedly receiving favors while he was governor of Lower Saxony state. The opposition proposed Joachim Gauck to replace Wulff. A federal assembly was expected to elect Gauck in March.
    (AP, 2/18/12)(SFC, 2/18/12, p.A2)(Econ, 2/25/12, p.64)
2012        Feb 17, In Greece two masked robbers stole artifacts from a museum In Patras. On Nov 23 three men were arrested after tried to sell a gold seal-ring dating back some 3,200 years. All the artifacts were found buried in a field 3 km (2 miles) from the museum.
    (AP, 11/24/12)
2012        Feb 17, It was reported that Kolkata, once the capital of British India, is slowly being painted blue -- the favorite color of Mamata Banerjee, the fiery new chief minister of West Bengal, who has ordered a makeover.
    (AFP, 2/18/12)
2012        Feb 17, Ivory Coast's President Alassane Ouattara was named the new head of West Africa's regional bloc, outgoing chief Goodluck Jonathan of Nigeria announced before the close of the Economic Community of West African States in Abuja.
    (AFP, 2/17/12)
2012        Feb 17, In southern Nepal a mob burned alive Dengani Mahato (40) after accusing her of casting black magic spells in remote Madi village. A shaman and the nine locals suspected of taking part in the crime were arrested on suspicion of murder. Bhakta Bahadur Rumba crushed his three young daughters to death with stones as they slept in remote Faparbari village.
    (AFP, 2/17/12)(AP, 2/17/12)
2012        Feb 17, In Pakistan a suicide attacker on a motorcycle blew himself up in a market in Parachinar town, Kurram region. 31 Shiite Muslims died and at least 35 people were left wounded. Taliban commander, Fazal Saeed Haqqani, claimed responsibility saying that Shiites had been attacking Sunnis.
    (AP, 2/17/12)(AFP, 2/18/12)
2012        Feb 17, In Panama members of the Ngobe-Bugle Indian tribe again blocked the Pan-American Highway after a breakdown in negotiations with the government over new dams.
    (AP, 2/17/12)
2012        Feb 17, Senegalese riot police fired tear gas at protesters on a main commercial boulevard in Dakar, after the country's opposition went ahead with a protest in defiance of a government ban. Violence broke out in Tivaouane, seat of Senegal's largest Islamic brotherhood the Tidiane, where the mayor's office was burned down after police hurled teargas into a Dakar mosque.
    (AP, 2/17/12)(AFP, 2/18/12)
2012        Feb 17, In Somalia a car bomb exploded inside the compound of a major police building in Mogadishu, wounding at least one police officer.
    (AP, 2/17/12)
2012        Feb 17, Sri Lanka police fired tear gas and water cannons to disperse thousands of protesters in the center of the capital protesting higher fuel prices.
    (AP, 2/17/12)
2012        Feb 17, Sudanese police raided student dormitories at Khartoum's main university, beating and arresting hundreds of students in the latest crackdown on youth protesters. Students at the university began protesting in late December to demand compensation for people displaced from their homes by construction of a dam near the city of Dammir. They also have been calling for the right to form a student union and for an end to police violence.
    (AP, 2/17/12)
2012        Feb 17, Swiss authorities said they have confiscated $6 trillion in counterfeit US bonds at the request of Italian prosecutors. In Italy eight people were arrested across the country and placed under investigation for fraud and other crimes. The bonds, carrying the false date of issue of 1934, had been transported in 2007 from Hong Kong to Zurich, where they were transferred to a Swiss trust.
    (AP, 2/17/12)
2012        Feb 17, Thousands of Syrians rallied to demand Bashar al-Assad's ouster, as the embattled president's forces unleashed their heaviest pounding yet of Homs in a brutal bid to crush dissent. Nine bodies of unidentified people were found in Homs, said the Observatory, which also reported the heaviest shelling in the city for two weeks. 4 people were killed by security forces in Damascus following protests in the area.
    (AFP, 2/17/12)(AP, 2/17/12)(AFP, 2/19/12)

2013        Feb 17, Thousands of protesters gathered on Washington's National Mall calling on Pres. Obama to reject the controversial Keystone XL oil pipeline proposal and honor his inaugural pledge to act on climate change.
    (AP, 2/18/13)
2013        Feb 17, The NY Times reported that a 60-page analysis by Mandiant, a US computer security firm, has traced one of the world’s most sophisticated hacking groups to Shanghai and the gates of Unit 61398 of the Chinese military.
    (SFC, 2/20/13, p.D1)(Econ, 2/23/13, p.12)
2013        Feb 17, Bahrain's interior ministry said police have arrested eight members of an alleged terrorist cell linked to Iran and other countries following widespread clashes in the Gulf nation during protests marking the second anniversary of an Arab Spring-inspired uprising.
    (AP, 2/17/13)
2013        Feb 17, British actor Richard Briers (79), best known for the 1970s TV sit-com "The Good Life" but also for his Shakespearean roles, died at his London home. His film credits included "A Chorus Of Disapproval" (1989) and "Watership Down" (1978) in which he was the voice of Fiver.
    (Reuters, 2/18/13)
2013        Feb 17, Ecuadoreans cast ballots with President Rafael Correa (48), a dynamic, polemical economist, highly favored to win a 2nd re-election. His leftist government has won broad backing from the lower classes as it leads Latin America in social spending as a portion of the economy. Correa won 56.9% of the vote against 23.8% for his closest challenger, longtime banker Guillermo Lasso.
    (AP, 2/17/13)
2013        Feb 17, In Egypt thousands of soccer fans enforced a work stoppage in the city of Port Said to protest "injustices" by the government, disrupting rail services and forcefully evicting workers from their factories and the provincial government's offices.
    (AP, 2/17/13)
2013        Feb 17, In Greece some 40 masked attackers raided the facilities of a prospective gold mine in the north overnight, setting machinery and offices alight. Some residents objected to what they say will be the destruction of the environment and of pristine forest at Skouries in the Halkidiki peninsula.
    (AP, 2/17/13)
2013        Feb 17, Iran’s independent Arman daily reported that authorities are confiscating Buddha statues from shops in Tehran, to stop the promotion of Buddhism in the country.
    (AP, 2/17/13)
2013        Feb 17, In Iraq multiple car bombs exploded within minutes of each other as Iraqis were out shopping in and around Baghdad, killing at least 37 people and wounding more than 100 in mainly Shiite areas.
    (AP, 2/17/13)
2013        Feb 17, Hundreds of French and Malian soldiers retook the jihadist stronghold of Bourem, a town where many radical Islamic fighters were believed to have fled.
    (AP, 2/17/13)
2013        Feb 17, A Moroccan military court convicted 24 Western Saharan activists for their roles in the killing of 11 soldiers at a protest camp in 2010, and gave nine of the defendants life sentences.
    (AP, 2/17/13)
2013        Feb 17, Gunmen attacked an oil vessel off the coast of Nigeria's oil-rich southern delta, kidnapping six foreigners. Three Ukrainians, two Indians and a Russian were taken from a vessel run by energy company Century Group.
    (AP, 2/20/13)
2013        Feb 17, The Harita Bauxite, a bulk carrier, sank near the Philippines. 10 of 24 crewmen, mostly from Myanmar, were rescued. One later died and the rest remianed missing. The vessel was thought to be carrying nickel ore from Indonesia.
    (SSFC, 4/7/13, p.46)
2013        Feb 17, A top Syrian government official said electricity has been restored in most parts of Damascus and power will gradually reach the south. The power outage plunged Damascus into darkness late the previous evening and affected much of southern Syria. Fighting raged in at least three provinces between rebels and troops loyal to Pres. Assad.
    (AP, 2/17/13)

2014        Feb 17, In California 2 CHP officers were killed as they responded to a multi-vehicle crash on Hwy. 99 near Kingsburg.
    (SFC, 2/18/14, p.A5)
2014        Feb 17, In Miami, Florida, local artist Maximo Caminero (51) smashed a colored vase, valued at $1 million, by Chinese dissident Ai Weiwei. Caminero was charged with criminal mischief. Caminero said he was protesting against favoritism for int’l. rather than local art.
    (SFC, 2/18/14, p.A5)
2014        Feb 17, In Idaho an avalanche buried four people killing one man 36 miles north of Ketchum.
    (SFC, 2/18/14, p.A5)
2014        Feb 17, Cambodian police arrested two Vietnamese men who were trying to smuggle almost 80 kg (176 pounds) of illegal ivory from Angola.
    (AP, 2/17/14)
2014        Feb 17, In Colombia 5 policemen were killed by FARC guerrillas.
    (Econ, 2/22/14, p.32)
2014        Feb 17, Ethiopian Airlines co-pilot Hailemedehin Abera Tagegn (31) locked his colleague out of the cockpit, hijacked a Rome-bound plane and landed in Geneva, all in an attempt to seek asylum in Switzerland.
    (AP, 2/17/14)(AFP, 2/17/14)
2014        Feb 17, In Georgia Vano Merabishvili, a top ally of former President Mikhail Saakashvili, was convicted of embezzlement and abuse of office and sentenced to five years in prison.
    (AP, 2/17/14)
2014        Feb 17, Greek authorities said they have charged the head of a demining charity, his wife and seven other people with fraud and money laundering involving 9 million euros ($12 million) in public funding.
    (AP, 2/17/14)
2014        Feb 17, Iran's ambassador to Moscow said Russia could build the Islamic republic a second nuclear power reactor under a proposed oil-for-goods swap that has raised grave concern in Washington.
    (AFP, 2/17/14)
2014        Feb 17, In Israel an explosion atop 5-story building in Acre collapsed three floors leaving 5 people dead. It was reported as an act of sabotage meant to take out a cellular antenna placed on the roof by the owner.
    (SSFC, 2/23/14, p.A6)
2014        Feb 17, Niger security officials said they have arrested about 20 Boko Haram Islamist militants from neighboring Nigeria who were suspected of planning attacks in Niger's south east border town of Diffa.
    (Reuters, 2/17/14)
2014        Feb 17, In the southern Philippines a bombing suspect was killed in a gunbattle when he clashed with police commandos. Police were trying to serve a warrant to Muslim militant Yusop Kusain for his alleged involvement in a deadly 2007 bombing.
    (AP, 2/17/14) 
2014        Feb 17, In South Korea at least 10 people were killed and 50 more feared trapped after the Manua Ocean Resort auditorium collapsed under heavy snow in the city of Gyeongju. Some 560 students from Busan Univ. Foreign Studies had gathered there for a 2-day freshman orientation.
    (AFP, 2/17/14)(SFC, 2/18/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 17, A wave of around 250 African migrants managed to breach the high defenses of the Spanish enclave of Melilla in Morocco, with more than half making it into the EU territory.
    (AFP, 2/17/14)
2014        Feb 17, A UN panel warned North Korean leader Kim Jong Un that he may be held accountable for orchestrating widespread crimes against civilians. The UN Human Rights Council delivered a 400-page report on human rights violations in North Korea.
    (AP, 2/17/14)(Econ, 2/22/14, p.33)
2014        Feb 17, Syrian government troops took control of the village of Maan after destroying the last "hideouts of terrorists, who came into the village and committed a massacre." Anti-Assad Islamic fighters overran the village on Feb 9.
    (AP, 2/18/14)
2014        Feb 17, In Venezuela a student protester (17) died after being hit by a vehicle in Carupano. This was the 4th fatality from political unrest over the past week.
    (Reuters, 2/18/14)
2014        Feb 17, In Zimbabwe former US Rep. Melvin Jay Reynolds (62) was arrested on suspicion of possessing pornography and an immigration offence. Reynolds, an Illinois Democrat, resigned from his congressional seat in 1995 after he was convicted of 12 counts of statutory rape, obstruction of justice and solicitation of child pornography. On Feb 21 a judge dismissed the pornography charges but ordered Reynolds to pay a fine or face jail time after pleading guilty to charges of violating the country's immigration laws.
    (AP, 2/18/14)(AP, 2/21/14)

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