Today in History - February 18

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999        Feb 18, Gregory V, [Bruno] 1st German Pope, died.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1217        Feb 18, Alexander Neckum de Sancto Albano (59), English encyclopedist, died.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1404        Feb 18, Leon Battista Alberti (d.1472), Italian humanist, architect (Della Pittura), was born in Genoa, the illegitimate son of a Florentine merchant.
    (WSJ, 11/30/00, p.A20)(MC, 2/18/02)

1478        Feb 18, George, the Duke of Clarence, who had opposed his brother Edward IV, was murdered in the Tower of London. George underwent forced drowning in a wine barrel ("A butt of Malmsey").
    (HN, 2/18/99)(MC, 2/18/02)

1493        Feb 18, Columbus landed on the island of Santa Maria, the southernmost island of the Portuguese-controlled Azores.
    (ON, 8/09, p.3)

1516        Feb 18, Mary Tudor, later Queen Mary I of England (1553-1558) and popularly known as "Bloody Mary," was born in Greenwich Palace.
    (HN, 2/18/98)(AP, 2/18/98)

1546        Feb 18, Martin Luther (b.1483), leader of the Protestant Reformation in Germany, died in Eisleben. In 1989 Harvard professor Heiko A. Oberman (1930-2001) authored “Luther."
    (V.D.-H.K.p.165)(WSJ, 6/23/07, p.P10)(AP,  2/18/08)

1563        Feb 18, Huguenot Jean Poltrot de Merde shot French Gen. Francois De Guise (44).
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1564        Feb 18, Michelangelo (b.1475), painter and sculptor, died in Rome. In 1996 George Bull wrote a biography and in 1999 James H. Beck published "Three Worlds of Michelangelo." In 2003 Ross King authored "Michelangelo & the Pope’s Ceiling." In 2005 James Hall authored “Michelangelo and the Reinvention of the Human Body."
    (AP, 2/18/98)(SFEC, 3/14/99, BR p.6)(SSFC, 1/26/03, p.M3)(SSFC, 6/26/05, p.C5)

1632        Feb 18, Giovanni Battista Vitali, composer, was born.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1634        Feb 18, Ferdinand II ordered General Albrecht von Wallenstein's execution.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1678        Feb 18, John Bunyan's "Pilgrim's Progress" was published. [see Sep 28]
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1688        Feb 18, At a Quaker meeting in Germantown, Pa, German Mennonites penned a memorandum stating a profound opposition to Negro slavery. Quakers in Germantown, Pa., adopted the fist formal antislavery resolution in America.
    (HN, 2/18/99)(www.germanheritage.com/Publications/cronau/cronau4.html)

1735        Feb 18, The 1st opera performed in America, "Flora," in Charleston, SC.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1745        Feb 18, Count Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta (d.1827), Italian physicist, inventor (battery), was born.
    (AHD, 1971 p.1436)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alessandro_Volta)
1745        Feb 18, Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops occupied Inverness, Scotland.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1787        Feb 18, Austrian emperor Josef II banned children under 8 from labor.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1795        Feb 18, George Peabody, U.S. merchant and philanthropist, was born in South Danvers, Mass. 
    (HN, 2/18/98)(MC, 2/18/02)

1805        Feb 18, Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), was born.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1813        Feb 18, Czar Alexander entered Warsaw at the head of his Army.
    (HN, 2/18/99)

1817        Feb 18, Lewis Addison Armistead (d.1863), Brig General (Confederate Army), was born. He died leading "Pickett's Charge" on the final day of the Gettysburg battle.
    (MC, 2/18/02)
1817        Feb 18, Walter Paye Lane (d.1892), Brig General (Confederate Army), was born.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1828        Feb 18, More than 100 vessels were destroyed in a storm at Gibraltar.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1836        Feb 18, Swami Ramakrishna [Gadadhar Chatterji], Indian mystic, Hindu leader, was born.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1841        Feb 18, The 1st continuous filibuster in US Senate began and lasting until March 11.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1845        Feb 18, John Chapman, aka Johnny Appleseed, died in Allen County,  Indiana. In 1954 Robert Price authored Johnny Appleseed: Man and Myth."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johnny_Appleseed)(ON, 4/09, p.12)

1848        Feb 18, Louis Comfort Tiffany (d.1933), American painter, stained-glass artist, and glass manufacturer, was born. He was the son of Charles Lewis Tiffany (1812-1902), founder of the Tiffany & Co. jewelry business (1837).
    (HFA, ‘96, p.22)(AHD, p.1344)(HN, 2/18/98)(WSJ, 8/4/98, p.A13)   

1850        Feb 18, The California state legislature created the original 18 counties including the city of San Francisco.
    (SFEC, 1/11/98, DB p.41)(www.sfgov.org/site/visitor_index.asp?id=8091)

1856        Feb 18, The American (Know-Nothing) Party abolished secrecy.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1857        Feb 18, Max Klinger, German graphic artist, painter, sculptor, was born.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1859        Feb 18, Shalom Aleichem (Solomon Rabinowitz, d.1916), Russian-Yiddish playwright,  author and humorist, was born in the Ukraine. "To want to be the cleverest of all is the biggest folly."
    (AP, 1/13/01)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sholem_Aleichem)

1861        Feb 18, Jefferson F. Davis was inaugurated as the Confederacy’s provisional president at a ceremony held in Montgomery, Ala., where the Confederate constitutional convention was held. Davis was sworn in on Feb 22 in Virginia.
    (AP, 2/18/98)(HN, 2/18/98)(AH, 10/04, p.60)

1862        Feb 18, Charles M. Schwab, "Boy Wonder" of the steel industry, was born. He became president of both U.S. Steel and Bethlehem Steel.
    (HN, 2/18/99)

1865        Feb 18, Union troops forced the Confederates to abandon Fort Anderson, N.C.
    (HN, 2/18/98)
1865        Feb 18, Battle of Ft. Moultrie, SC.
    (MC, 2/18/02)
1865        Feb 18, Columbia, SC, was evacuated and  Sherman's troops burned the city.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1876        Feb 18, A direct telegraph link was established between Britain & New Zealand.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1878        Feb 18, The bitter and bloody Lincoln County War began with the murder of Billy the Kid's mentor, Englishman rancher John Tunstall. Hired killers of James J. Dolan gunned down John Tunstall in Lincoln, N.M. Tunstall’s partner Alexander McSween formed a posse known as the Regulators to get even. Billy the Kid was part of the posse.
    (SFEC, 2/23/96, p.T8,9)(HN, 2/18/99)

1884        Feb 18, Police seized all copies of Tolstoy's "What I Believe In."
    (MC, 2/18/02)
1884        Feb 18, General Charles Gordon arrived in Khartoum to battle the Mahdi and his terrorists.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1885        Feb 18, Mark Twain's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published and became one of the writer's most famous works. Samuel Clemens, born in 1835, first used the pseudonym of Mark Twain when he wrote a humorous travel account in 1863. Books such as Huckleberry Finn and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer made Mark Twain a popular American author because people could relate to his stories of boyhood adventures colored with social commentary. As a satirical, critical voice of the United States, Twain continued to write and lecture across the country and the world. Mark Twain died in 1910.
    (AP, 2/18/98)(HNPD, 2/18/99)

1887        Feb 18, Nikos Kazantzakis, Greek writer, was born. [see Dec 2, 1885]
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1890        Feb 18, Boris L. Pasternak, Russian poet, writer (Dr. Zhivago), was born. [ NS][see Feb 10]
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1892        Feb 18, Wendell Wilke was born. He was a presidential candidate against President Franklin Roosevelt.
    (HN, 2/18/99)

1895        Feb 18, Semjon Timoshenko, Russian marshal, inspector-general (WW II), was born.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1896        Feb 18, Andre Breton (d.1966), French writer, founder and principal provocateur of the surrealist movement, was born. An exhaustive biography was published in 1995 by Mark Polizzotti titled: Revolution of the Mind: The Life of Andre Breton.
    (WSJ, 8/1/95, p.A-9)(MC, 2/18/02)

1898        Feb 18, Enzo Ferrari (d.1988), Italian sports car manufacturer, was born.
    (www.britannica.com/eb/article-9034085/Enzo-Ferrari)

1899        Feb 18, Sir Arthur Bryant, English historian, was born.
    (HN, 2/18/98)
1899        Feb 18, Marius Sophus Lie (b.1842), a Norwegian-born mathematician, died. He largely created the theory of continuous symmetry, and applied it to the study of geometry and differential equations.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sophus_Lie)

1900        Feb 18, Battle at Paardeberg (Boer War), 1,270 British killed or injured.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1902        Feb 18, The opera "Hunchback of Notre Dame" premiered in Monte Carlo.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1907        Feb 18, 600,000 tons of grain were sent to Russia to relieve the famine there.
    (HN, 2/18/98)
1907        Feb 18, In SF according to an agreement between Mayor Schmidt, Pres. Theodore Roosevelt and the SF School Board, Japanese children under 16 were to be admitted to the city’s public schools, skilled and unskilled laborers from Japan were to be banned from entering the US and American laborers were to be excluded from Japan.
    (SSFC, 2/18/07, DB p.58)

1908        Feb 18, The 1st US postage stamps in rolls were issued.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1909        Feb 18, Wallace Stegner, Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist (Angle of Repose), was born.
    (AP, 2/18/01)

1913        Feb 18, Artur Axmann, Nazi youth leader, was born.
    (MC, 2/18/02)
1913        Feb 18, Marcel Duchamp’s painting "Nude Descending a Staircase" was displayed at the Armory Show in NYC.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1915        Feb 18, Germany began a blockade of England.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1919        Feb 18, Jack Palance (d.2006), later film and TV star, was born as Volodymir Ivanovich Palahniuk in Latimer Mines, Pa.
    (SFC, 11/11/06, p.B6)

1920        Feb 18, Vuillemin and Chalus completed their first flight over the Sahara Desert.
    (HN, 2/18/98)

1921        Feb 18, British troops occupied Dublin.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1922        Feb 18, Helen Gurley Brown, editor of Cosmopolitan magazine, was born.
    (HN, 2/18/99)

1927        Feb 18, The U.S. and Canada established diplomatic relations independently of Great Britain.
    (HN, 2/18/98)

1929        Feb 18, Leonard Cyril Deighton, English spy author (Ipcress File, Fighter), was born.
    (AP, 2/18/01)(MC, 2/18/02)

1930        Feb 18, Luigi Pirandello's "Come Tu Mi Vuoi," premiered in Milan.
    (MC, 2/18/02)
1930        Feb 18, Richard Rodgers' & Lorenz Hart's "Simple Simon," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 2/18/02)
1930        Feb 18, Planet X (Pluto), the ninth planet of our solar system, was discovered by Clyde Tombaugh (1907-1997) at Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Ariz. It is 2.76 billion miles (5,888 million km.) from the sun at the closest point of its orbit. Pluto was later designated a "dwarf planet."
    (SFEC, 1/19/97, p.B6)(SFC, 10/23/99, p.B7)(AP, 2/18/07)

1931        Feb 18, Toni Morrison, Nobel laureate and Pulitzer Prize-winning author (The Bluest Eye, Beloved), was born.
    (AP, 2/18/01)

1932        Feb 18, Milos Forman, Czech-US director (Cuckoos Nest, Amadeus), was born.
    (MC, 2/18/02)
1932        Feb 18, Sonja Henie won her 6th straight World Women's figure skating title.
    (MC, 2/18/02)
1932        Feb 18, In SF federal prohibition agents seized the offices and storehouses of two wholesale liquor setups: The Chicago Specialty Company at 724 Montgomery St. and J.C. Millet at 241 Clay St. The raids were aimed at breaking up a major bootlegging ring said to be headed by Johnny Marino.
    (SSFC, 2/18/07, DB p.58)
1932        Feb 18, Manchurian independence was formally declared. In 1928 the Japanese army unilaterally instigated armed clashes in China's Manchuria region to justify full-scale intervention. In 1931 the Japanese army invaded Manchuria without its own government's consent.
    (HN, 2/18/98)

1933        Feb 18, James Corbett (b.1866), American heavyweight boxing champ, died. He is best known as the man who defeated the great John L. Sullivan in 1892. Corbett’s 1926 memoir was titled “The roar of the Crowd: the True Tale of the Rise and Fall of a Champion."
    (AH, 2/06, p.35)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_J._Corbett)

1934        Feb 18, Aldo Ceccato, conductor (Detroit Symph Orch 1973-77), was born in Milan, Italy.
    (MC, 2/18/02)
1934        Feb 18, Audre Lord, poet, was born.
    (AP, 2/18/01)

1935        Feb 18, Rome reported sending troops to Italian Somalia.
    (HN, 2/18/98)

1938        Feb 18, San Quentin prison held its first double hanging in two years as convicted murderers Lee Grant Goodwin and Roy Leon Righthouse were executed before 51 witnesses.
    (SSFC, 2/17/13, p.42)

1939        Feb 18, The Golden Gate International Exposition opened on Treasure Island in the SF Bay.
    (HN, 2/18/98)(SFC, 2/18/99, p.D10)

1942        Feb 18, Japanese troop landed on Bali.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1943        Feb 18, Augusto Pinochet Ugarte (Chilean gen., dictator) married Lucia Hiriart.
    (MC, 2/18/02)
1943        Feb 18, Munich resistance group "White Rose" was captured by Nazis.
    (http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/rose.html)
1943        Feb 18, Rommel took three towns in Tunisia, North Africa. The intercepted communications of an American in Cairo provided a secret ear for the Desert Fox.
    (HN, 2/18/98)

1944        Feb 18, The Army, Navy and Marines invaded Eniwetok Atoll in the Pacific.
    (HN, 2/18/98)

1945        Feb 18-19, U.S. Marines stormed ashore at Iwo Jima. About 60,000 US marines went ashore at Iwo Jima, an 8-sq. mile island of rock, volcanic ash and black sand. The 36-day battle took the lives of 7,000 Americans and about 20,000 of 22,000 Japanese defenders.
    (SFC, 6/19/96, p.A20)(HN, 2/18/98)
1945        Feb 18, Soviet Gen. Ivan Chernyakhovsky (b.1906) died from wounds received outside Konigsberg. Chernyakhovsky was buried in Vilnius, Lithuania, near a square named in his honor. After Lithuania declared its independence from the Soviet Union in 1990 and following the dissolution of the Soviet Union itself in 1991, Chernyaknovsky's remains were reburied at the Novodevichy Cemetery in Moscow in 1992.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivan_Chernyakhovsky)

1947        Feb 18, Gian Carlo Menotti's opera "Telephone," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1950        Feb 18, John Hughes, director (Breakfast Club, 16 Candles, Weird Science), was born in Lansing, Mich.
    (http://movies.yahoo.com)

1952        Feb 18, Two tanker ships broke apart off Cape Cod. 14 men died in the wrecks, 9 of 41 on the Pendleton and 5 of 43 on the Fort Mercer.
    (SSFC, 2/1/09, p.B7)

1953        Feb 18, "Bwana Devil," the movie that heralded the 3D fad of the 1950s, opened in New York City.
    (AP, 2/18/98)

1954        Feb 18, East and West Berlin dropped thousands of propaganda leaflets on each other after the end of a month long truce.
    (HN, 2/18/98)

1956        Feb 18, The US lifted its arms ban and shipped tanks to Saudi Arabia.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1241)
1956        Feb 18, Gustave Charpentier (95), French opera composer (Louise), died.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1960        Feb 18, The Eighth Winter Olympic Games were formally opened in Squaw Valley, Calif., by Vice President Nixon. A drought of snow ended 2 days before the start of the games.
    (AP, 2/18/98)(SSFC, 1/3/10, p.A13)

1962        Feb 18, Robert F. Kennedy said that U.S. troops would stay in Vietnam until Communism was defeated.
    (HN, 2/18/98)

1964        Feb 18, Muriel Resnik's "Any Wednesday," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 2/18/02)
1964        Feb 18, The Beatles visited Cassius Clay in training for his match with heavyweight champion Sonny Liston.
    (SFC, 3/6/04, p.D17)
1964        Feb 18, The U.S. cut military aid to five nations in reprisal for having trade relations with Cuba.
    (HN, 2/18/98)

1965        Feb 18, Alabama police were sent to Marion as some 500 people marched from a church toward the city jail to protest the jailing of a civil rights worker. Street lights went out and troopers began swinging clubs on the marchers. Jimmie Lee Jackson (26) was shot while aiding his grandfather (82) and mother. Jackson died 2 days later. In 2007 trooper James Bonard Fowler was indicted for the shooting death of Jackson. In 2010 Fowler (77) pleaded guilty to 2nd degree manslaughter and was sentenced to 6 months in jail.
    (SFC, 5/10/07, p.A3)(SFC, 11/15/10, p.A17)
1965        Feb 18, Gambia gained independence from Britain.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(www.vdiest.nl/gambia.htm)

1967        Feb 18, The National Art Gallery in Washington agreed to buy a Da Vinci for a record $5 million.
    (HN, 2/18/98)
1967        Feb 18, Robert Oppenheimer (62), theoretical physicist and leader of atomic bomb development, died. His work included outlining processes by which old stars of sufficient mass might collapse beyond the Schwarzschild radius and become black holes. Physicist John Wheeler named the phenomena black holes. In 2005 Kai Bird and Martin J. Sherwin authored “American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer," and Priscilla J. McMillan authored “The Ruin of J. Robert Oppenheimer." In n2013 Ray Monk authored “Robert Oppenheimer: A Life Inside the Center."
    (SFC, 12/19/98, p.C3)(SSFC, 4/10/05, p.B1)(SSFC, 7/31/05, p.F2)(SSFC, 5/26/13, p.F3)

1968        Feb 18, Three US pilots, who had been held by the Vietnamese, arrived in Washington. The Vietnamese people later pressured Hanoi to account for their own 300,000 MIAs.
    (HN, 2/18/98)
1968        Feb 18, British adopted year-round daylight savings time.
    (www.nmm.ac.uk/explore/astronomy-and-time/time-facts/british-summer-time-(bst))
1968        Feb 18, Some 10,000 people in West Berlin demonstrated against US in Vietnam War.
    (MC, 2/18/02)

1969        Feb 18, The PLO (PFLP-GC) machine-gunned an Israeli El-Al plane in Zurich, Switzerland.  One Palestinian was killed and 4 were arrested.
    (SFC, 5/21/02, p.A16)(www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Terrorism/incidents.html)

1970        Feb 18, The Chicago Seven defendants were found innocent of conspiring to incite riots at the 1968 Democratic national convention; five were convicted of violating the Anti-Riot Act of 1968, but those convictions were later reversed. In January reporter J. Anthony Lukas published "The Barnyard Epithet and Other Obscenities: Notes on the Chicago Conspiracy Trial."
    (AP, 2/18/08)(SFC, 6/7/97, p.A19)

1972        Feb 18, The California Supreme Court declared the death penalty cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the state constitution. 107 inmates were taken off death row and resentenced. A similar decision was rendered in 1976 and 68 inmates were resentenced.
    (www.deathpenalty.org/index.php?pid=history)(HN, 2/18/98)(AP, 2/18/98)

1973        Feb 18, Frank Costello (b.1891), Italian-born US gangster, died in NYC.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Costello)

1974        Feb 18, Randolph Hearst was to give $2 million in free food for the poor in order to open talks for his daughter Patty.
    (HN, 2/18/98)

1975        Feb 18, Italy broadened its abortion law.
    (www.crlp.org/pub_art_mosaic_conclusion.html)
1975        Feb 18, The Tigray People’s Liberation Front began a rebellion in northern Ethiopia.
    (www.scribd.com/doc/14967/The-Origins-Of-TPLF)
1975        Feb 18, In Italy Renato Curcio, Red Brigades leader, was freed in a daring prison assault led by Margherita Cagol. She was later killed while trying to kidnap a businessman and Curcio was recaptured.
    (WSJ, 12/13/07, p.A18)

1976        Feb 18, Pres. Gerald Ford signed an executive order prohibiting US officials from plotting or engaging in political assassination. The order was later broadened by Presidents Carter and Reagan. Ford issued  Executive Order 11905 to clarify U.S. foreign-intelligence activities. In a section of the order labeled "Restrictions on Intelligence Activities," Ford concisely but explicitly outlawed political assassination. It became effective on March 1.
    (www.ford.utexas.edu/LIBRARY/speeches/760110e.htm#assassination)
1976        Feb 18, The Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) issued a manifesto to secede from Ethiopia.
    (SFC, 6/24/99, p.A14)(www.abugidainfo.com/?p=3393)(http://tinyurl.com/2j2pxf)

1977        Feb 18, The space shuttle Enterprise, sitting atop a Boeing 747, went on its maiden "flight" above the Mojave Desert.
    (AP, 2/18/98)
1977        Feb 18, In Nigeria soldiers from the army of Gen'l. Obasanjo raided Kalakuta, the communal home of singer Fela Anikulapo-Kuti. Fela's mother (77) was thrown from a 2nd-story window and later died from her injuries. The compound was burned and a fire brigade was prevented from reaching the site. Fela wrote the song "Coffin for Head of State" to describe how he and his followers carried her coffin to present it to Gen'l. Obasanjo.
    (WSJ, 2/24/99, p.A1,10)

1979        Feb 18, The miniseries "Roots: Next Generations" premiered on ABC TV.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0078678/)
1979        Feb 18, Snow fell in the Sahara Desert of southern Algeria.
    (www.distant.ca/UselessFacts/fact.asp?ID=103)

1980        Feb 18, Pierre Elliott Trudeau's Liberal Party won Canada's elections. Trudeau again served as the 15th Prime Minister of Canada.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canadian_federal_election,_1980)(CFA, '96, p.81)

1982        Feb 18, Mexico devalued the peso by 30 percent to fight an economic slide.
    (HN, 2/18/98)
1982        Feb 18, Edith Ngaio Marsh (b.1895), New Zealand detective writer, producer, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ngaio_Marsh)

1983        Feb 18, The Venezuelan bolivar suffered a serious devaluation. Pres. Luis Herrera initiated a round of currency devaluations. The Herrera government was forced to devalue the currency, which at 4.3 bolivars to the US dollar had been underwriting a lifestyle the country could no longer afford. By 2000 the bolivar lost 16,185% to the dollar.
    (www.guardian.co.uk/news/2007/nov/13/guardianobituaries.venezuela)(WSJ, 1/05/00, p.A11)
1983        Feb 18-1983 Feb 20, In India Hindu attacks against Moslems in Assam state left over 1500 dead.
    (http://tinyurl.com/cer6x)

1988        Feb 18, Anthony M. Kennedy was sworn in as the 104th justice of the Supreme Court.
    (AP, 2/18/98)
1988        Feb 18, Soviet Communist Party leaders dropped former Moscow party chief Boris N. Yeltsin from the ruling Politburo.
    (AP, 2/18/98)

1989        Feb 18, Author Salman Rushdie, under a death sentence from Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini for his book "The Satanic Verses," expressed regret for any distress he'd caused Muslims.
    (AP, 2/18/99)

1990        Feb 18, In general elections, Japan's conservative governing party held onto its 34-year-old majority in the Parliament's lower house.
    (AP, 2/18/00)

1991        Feb 18, Iraqi Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz held talks in Moscow with Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev, who presented a proposal for ending the Persian Gulf War.
    (AP, 2/18/01)
1991        Feb 18, The Irish Republican Army claimed responsibility for a bomb that exploded in a London rail station, killing a commuter.
    (AP, 2/18/01)

1992        Feb 18, Republican Pres. George H.W. Bush won the New Hampshire primary over Pat Buchanon, 58.6 to 41.4%. Democrat Paul Tsongas won over Bill Clinton, Bob Kerrey, Tom Harkin and Jerry Brown 38 to 28.3 to 12.7 to 11.6 to 9.3%.
    (SFEM,11/2/97, p.12)(AP, 2/18/02)(SSFC, 1/25/04, p.A19)
1992        Feb 18, John Frohnmayer announced his resignation as US chairman of the National Endowment for the Arts.
    (AP, 2/21/02)

1993        Feb 18, President Clinton hosted a campaign-style rally at St. Louis' Union Station to enlist citizen support for his economic plan.
    (AP, 2/18/98)

1994        Feb 18, President Clinton notified Congress he was prepared to order bombing by U.S. warplanes in Bosnia.
    (AP, 2/18/99)
1994        Feb 18, At the Winter Olympic Games in Norway, speedskater Dan Jansen finally won a gold medal, breaking the world record in the 1,000 meters.
    (AP, 2/18/99)

1995        Feb 18, The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People replaced veteran chairman William Gibson with Myrlie Evers-Williams, the widow of slain civil rights leader Medgar Evers, after the rank-and-file declared no confidence in Gibson's leadership.
    (AP, 2/18/00)

1996        Feb 18, A member of the Irish Republican Army blew himself up and wounded nine other people when the briefcase bomb he was carrying detonated accidentally on a double-decker bus in London’s West End. It was the third IRA bombing in 10 days.
    (WSJ, 2/20/96, p.A-1)(AP, 2/18/01)

1997        Feb 18, Bill Richardson began work as U.S. ambassador to the United Nations.
    (AP, 2/18/98)
1997        Feb 18, Astronauts on the space shuttle Discovery completed their tune-up of the Hubble Space Telescope after 33 hours of spacewalking; the Hubble was then released using the shuttle's crane.
    (AP, 2/18/98)
1997        Feb 18, It was reported that scientists found evidence that upheld the theory of an asteroid hitting the Earth 65 million years ago in seabed drill sediments 300 miles off the coast of northern Florida.
    (SFC, 2/18/97, p.A3)
1997        Feb 18, In Algeria Islamic militants shot, hacked or burned to death 33 people in Blida, south of Algiers. Meanwhile the government passed a law that banned political parties based on religion, language and regionalism.
    (SFC, 2/19/97, p.A10)
1997        Feb 18, In France it was reported that the National Front was the fastest growing political party in the country and was led by Bruno Megret (47), a former student at UC Berkeley. The party championed a national preference program where jobs, public housing and university slots would be reserved for the ethnic French majority.
    (SFC, 2/18/97, p.A1)
1997        Feb 18, In Mexico General Jesus Guitterez Rebollo was dismissed from the armed forces and held for charges of collaborating with Amado Carillo Fuentes, leader of the most powerful Mexican drug cartel. He was the head of the National Institute for Combating Drugs (INCD), which became defunct.
    (SFC, 2/19/96, p.A1)(SFC, 7/28/97, p.A11)
1997        Feb 18, In Peru at least 33 people were killed and a hundred were missing after an Andean mountain collapsed and buried the villages of Choch and Pumaranra near Abancay. Total killed reached 250-300. Only 50 bodies were recovered.
    (SFC, 2/19/97, p.A11)(SFC, 2/25/97, p.a14)
1997        Feb 18, The UN endorsed a 5-point peace plan for Zaire.
    (SFC, 2/19/97, p.A10)

1988        Feb 18, The American hockey team in Nagano lost to the Czechs. Members of the team that night trashed their quarters in the Olympic Village, drained a fire extinguisher and tossed it out their 5th story window.
    (SFC, 2/20/98, p.A1,16)
1998        Feb 18, President Clinton's foreign policy team encountered jeers during a town meeting at Ohio State University while trying to defend the administration's threat to bomb Iraq into compliance with UN weapons edicts.
    (AP, 2/18/99)
1998        Feb 18, A military helicopter crashed in central California during a training mission and 4 people were killed.
    (SFC, 2/19/98, p.A22)
1998        Feb 18, Harry Caray, baseball broadcaster for the Chicago Cubs and other teams, died at age 77. Sportscaster Harry Caray died in Rancho Mirage, Calif., at age 83.
    (WSJ, 2/19/98, p.A1)(AP, 2/18/99)

1999        Feb 18, The Clinton administration warned Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic to choose peace with ethnic Albanians in Kosovo, or face a devastating military strike.
    (AP, 2/18/00)
1999        Feb 18, Transamerica was bought by Aegon NV of the Netherlands in a deal valued at $9.7 billion. The assessed value of the Transamerica Pyramid in SF was set at $190 million.
    (SFC, 2/19/99, p.A1)(SFC, 5/29/04, p.C2)
1999        Feb 18, Scientists reported a way to slow down the speed of light by a factor of 20 million using a cluster of "Bose-Einstein" atoms chilled to 50 billionths of a degree above absolute zero.
    (SFC, 2/18/99, p.A7)
1999        Feb 18, In Chile Lee Pope of California and 27 demonstrators against the Ralco Dam project on the Bio Bio River were arrested.
    (SFEC, 3/14/99, p.A3)
1999        Feb 18, Israeli troops seized the southern Lebanon village of Arnoun to prevent guerrilla attacks from the Crusader Castle of Beaufort.
    (WSJ, 2/19/99, p.A1)

2000        Feb 18, Mariano Faget (54), a 34-year US immigration officer in Miami, was reported to be a Cuban spy. Faget was found guilty of disclosing government secrets May 30.
    (SFC, 2/19/00, p.A3)(SFC, 5/31/00, p.A3)
2000        Feb 18, In Florida Sholam Weiss (b.1954) was sentenced in absentia to 845 years in prison for causing the 1994 collapse of the National Heritage Life Insurance Co. He was eventually apprehended by Austrian authorities in the Fall of 2000.
    (SFC, 3/25/10, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/ykab9qe)
2000        Feb 18, Ford Motor Co. agreed to pay $3.8 million in a settlement with the Labor Dept. over charges of discrimination in hiring against women and minorities at 7 plants.
    (SFC, 2/19/00, p.A3)
2000        Feb 18, Announcer Bob Hite Sr. (86), whose rich voice introduced "The Lone Ranger" on radio, died in West Palm Beach, Fla.
    (AP, 2/18/05)
2000        Feb 18, In Colombia at least 9 villagers were killed over 3 days near Ovejas by suspected right-wing gunmen.
    (SFC, 2/19/00, p.A10)
2000        Feb 18-19, At El Salado, Colombia, over 300 right-wing paramilitary executed at least 36 people whom they accused of collaborating with leftist guerrillas. Nearby military and police made no effort to stop the slaughter.
    (SFC, 7/15/00, p.A12,14)
2000        Feb 18, In Chechnya rebels shot down a Russian helicopter and 15 men were killed.
    (SFEC, 2/20/00, p.A32)
2000        Feb 18, Iranians voted in an election that gave reformers a majority in the parliament, long a bastion of hard-liners. Voters elected reform candidates to about 72% of the 290-member Majlis (parliament).
    (SFEC, 2/20/00, p.A24)(WSJ, 2/22/00, p.A1)(AP, 2/18/01)
2000        Feb 18, In Kashmir a land mine killed 10 police officers in Tral. Another 6 were seriously wounded. Militants for independence or union with Pakistan claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 2/19/00, p.C1)
2000        Feb 18, In South Africa the telephone company, Telkom, announced that it would buy and distribute 5 million condoms to its employees in an effort to fight AIDS which had infected some 13% of the adult population.
    (SFC, 2/19/00, p.A12)

2001        Feb 18, Robert Philip Hanssen (56), senior FBI agent, was arrested for spying. He had allegedly passed information to the Russians for 15 years. It was believed that he had betrayed the construction of a tunnel under the Soviet Embassy in Washington. He pleaded guilty July 3 to avoid execution. His disclosures were later reported to have played a role in the execution or jailing of at least 3 Russians and threatened the identity of another 50 people. In 2002 David A. Wise authored: "The Bureau and the Mole." Hanssen was sentenced to life in prison on May 10, 2002.
    (SFC, 2/21/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 3/4/01, p.A6)(SFC, 7/4/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 1/8/02, p.A16)(AP, 2/18/02)(SSFC, 4/7/02, p.A14)(SFC, 5/11/02, p.A3)
2001        Feb 18, Balthus (b.1908), painter aka Count Balthazar Klossowski de Rola, died at age 92 in Switzerland. In 2002 His memoir "Vanished Splendors," as told by Alain Vircondolet, was published.
    (SFC, 2/21/01, p.A18)(AP, 2/18/02)(SSFC, 1/12/03, p.M3)
2001        Feb 18, Broadcaster Roger Caras (72) died.
    (AP, 2/18/02)
2001        Feb 18, In Florida Dale Earnhardt (b.1951), race car driver, was killed on his final turn at the NASCAR Daytona 500. Later this year Joe Menzer authored "The Wildest Ride," a history of NASCAR racing.
    (SFC, 2/19/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 7/9/01, p.A26)(NW, 12/31/01, p.109)
2001        Feb 18, Frank B. Gilbreth Jr. (89) co-author  of "Cheaper by the Dozen" died.
    (AP, 2/18/02)
2001        Feb 18, Eddie Mathews (69), baseball Hall of Famer, died.
    (AP, 2/18/02)
2001        Feb 18, In Brazil some 15,000 convicts held uprisings in 29 prisons that left 16 people dead. It was coordinated by Idemir Carlos Ambrosio, leader of the PCC prison-based gang. Ambrosio was killed in prison in July.
    (SFC, 2/19/01, p.A9)(SFC, 5/16/06, p.A7)
2001        Feb 18, In Chechnya rebels blew a Russian troop train of its tracks and 3 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 2/21/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 18, In Indonesia gunmen shot journalist Oz Rusli Radja and human rights worker Khairuddin to death in Aceh.
    (SFC, 2/20/01, p.A10)
2001        Feb 18, Fresh clashes in Borneo and separatist violence in Aceh erupted. Fighting between the Dayaks and immigrants left over 100 people killed.
    (WSJ, 2/21/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/22/00, p.A1)
2001        Feb 18, The Iraqi press referred to Pres. Bush as "son of the snake" and "the new dwarf" following the Feb. 16 bombing attacks.
    (SFC, 2/19/01, p.A9)
2001        Feb 18, In Serbia a suspected mine ripped a police van and 3 Serbian officers were killed just outside Kosovo.
    (SFC, 2/19/01, p.A10)

2002        Feb 18, Addressing Japan's national legislature, President George Bush said the country's recession-ravaged economy was "on the path to reform," and he urged the Diet to help curb the spread of terrorism in the region.
    (AP, 2/18/07)
2002        Feb 18, The EU ordered home from Zimbabwe its 30-member observer team and voted to impose sanctions, which included cutting off $110 million in aid, a ban on travel to the EU by Mugabe and 20 Cabinet members and freezing of assets.
    (SFC, 2/19/02, p.A8)
2002        Feb 18, France's Marina Anissina and Gwendal Peizerat narrowly won the Olympic ice dancing gold medal.
    (AP, 2/18/07)
2002        Feb 18, A Palestinian militant ambushed a settler’s convoy, shot 3 people dead and blew himself up. A car bombing outside Jerusalem killed an Israeli policeman along with the bomber. 2 Palestinian gunmen attacked a settlement in the Gaza Strip and one was killed.
    (SFC, 2/19/02, p.A6)

2003        Feb 18, Declaring that America's security should not be dictated by protesters, President Bush said he would not be swayed from compelling Iraqi President Saddam Hussein to disarm.
    (AP, 2/18/04)
2003          Feb 18, Johnny Paycheck (64), American country singer, died in Nashville, Tenn. In 1977 he had a big hit with the David Allan Coe song "Take This Job and Shove It."
    (SFC, 2/20/03, A18)(AP, 2/18/04)
2003          Feb 18, The Bolivian Cabinet resigned after violent street protests left 29 dead and the government of Pres. de Lozada near collapse.
    (AP, 2/18/03)
2003          Feb 18, In Colombia heavy fighting left at least 29 leftist rebels and right-wing paramilitary dead.
    (WSJ, 2/19/03, p.A1)
2003          Feb 18, In India a bus carrying a wedding party fell into a gorge, killing 23 people and injuring 31 others in the mountainous northern state of Uttaranchal.
    (AP, 2/19/03)
2003          Feb 18, At least 40 Israeli tanks headed for Gaza City, accompanied by bulldozers and attack helicopters.
    (AP, 2/18/03)
2003          Feb 18, In Daegu, South Korea, a fire raged through two packed subway trains after a man lit a container of flammable liquid and tossed it, killing 196 people and injuring 145. In August the perpetrator was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 2/19/03, A1)(WSJ, 2/19/03, p.A1)(AP, 2/27/03)(WSJ, 8/7/03, p.A1)
2003          Feb 18, Saudi Arabia said it has referred 90 Saudis to trial for alleged al Qaeda links. Another 250 were reported under investigation.
    (SFC, 2/19/03, A10)
2003          Feb 18, Syria said it would pull 4,000 of 20,000 troops out of Lebanon.
    (WSJ, 2/19/03, p.A1)
2003          Feb 18, Turkey asked the US to nearly double its multibillion dollar aid package as a condition for allowing U.S. troops on its soil in a war against neighboring Iraq.
    (AP, 2/18/03)
2003          Feb 18, In Venezuela police reported that the bodies of 3 soldiers, who had called for "civic disobedience" against President Hugo Chavez's government, had been found with their hands tied and faces wrapped with tape.
    (AP, 2/18/03)

2004        Feb 18, The US federal debt passed the $7 trillion mark.
    (WSJ, 2/19/04, p.A1)
2004        Feb 18, President Bush praised social progress in Tunisia and welcomed its leader, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, as a partner in the fight against terrorism while also urging political reforms in the moderate Muslim nation in North African nation.
    (AP, 2/18/04)
2004        Feb 18, The race for the Democratic nomination narrowed to a two-man contest between front-runner John Kerry and plucky rival John Edwards after Howard Dean ended his bid before the campaign spread to the 10 crucial "Super Tuesday" states.
    (AP, 2/18/04)
2004        Feb 18, Scientists reported that X-rays form galaxy RX J1242-11 indicated a black hole tearing apart a star and gobbling up a share of its gaseous mass.
    (SFC, 2/19/04, p.A9)
2004        Feb 18, In Neyshabur, northeastern Iran, a 51-car train, carrying fuel, fertilizer and industrial chemicals, derailed and exploded. It rolled out of a switchyard and eventually reach a speed of more than 90 mph before it derailed, caught fire and exploded. The explosions destroyed five villages killing at least 200 people and injuring hundreds more.
    (AP, 2/19/04)(AP, 4/23/04)
2004        Feb 18, In Iraq 2 trucks packed with explosives blew up outside Hilla, Polish-run base south of Baghdad, after coalition forces opened fire on the suicide bombers racing toward them. 11 Iraqi civilians were killed and at least 64 people were wounded.
    (AP, 2/18/04)(SFC, 2/19/04, p.A14)
2004        Feb 18, Ireland's government announced plans to ban smoking in all enclosed workplaces as of March 29.
    (SFC, 2/19/04, p.A3)
2004        Feb 18, The armed Basque separatist group ETA unilaterally declared a cease-fire for the northeastern region of Catalonia, but the move was immediately criticized by Spain's prime minister and politicians who refuse to negotiate with the militant group.
    (AP, 2/18/04)
2004        Feb 18, The UN said it would redeploy 4,000 of its forces to Congo's volatile northeast, where peacekeepers have come under fire from rival ethnic militias fighting for control of mineral riches.
    (AP, 2/18/04)
2004        Feb 18, In northern Uganda government soldiers backed by helicopter gunships attacked a group of rebels in a remote village, killing 36 insurgents.
    (AP, 2/19/04)

2005        Feb 18, President Bush declared American Samoa a major disaster area following Hurricane Olaf, which wiped out nearly all homes in at least one village in the Manua Islands.
    (Reuters, 2/18/05)
2005        Feb 18, Pres. George W. Bush signed the US Class Action Fairness Act. It expanded federal jurisdiction over many large class-action lawsuits and mass actions taken in the United States.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Class_Action_Fairness_Act_of_2005)
2005        Feb 18, The US envoy Christopher Hill said the US and China agreed that North Korea must end its nuclear ambitions and resolve the standoff through six-nation talks.
    (AP, 2/18/05)
2005        Feb 18, An advisory panel said Merck & Co. Inc.'s withdrawn arthritis drug Vioxx is safe enough to rejoin Pfizer's rival pain relievers Celebrex and Bextra on the U.S. market, after concluding that all three medicines posed some level of heart risk.
    (Reuters, 2/19/05)
2005        Feb 18, Uli Derickson, the flight attendant who helped save passengers during the 1985 TWA hijacking, died in Tucson, Ariz., at age 60.
    (AP, 2/18/06)
2005        Feb 18, Britain faced the threat of mass strikes in the public sector ahead of an upcoming election as teachers, nurses and civil servants protested against a plan to raise their retirement age and cut pensions.
    (AFP, 2/18/05)
2005        Feb 18, A British ban on hunting with dogs became effective.
    (AP, 2/19/05)
2005        Feb 18, Colombia’s army chief said troops had killed between 70 and 80 Marxist guerrillas over the past 3 weeks in a region where the rebels operate cocaine production factories.
    (AP, 2/19/05)
2005        Feb 18, The World Health Organization (WHO) said an outbreak of plague in northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo has killed 61 diamond miners and infected hundreds more.
    (AP, 2/18/05)
2005        Feb 18, Indonesia welcomed efforts by the US to restore full military training ties with Jakarta, saying the time was ripe to resume links that were downgraded 13 years ago.
    (AFP, 2/18/05)
2005        Feb 18, Explosions ripped through Baghdad, killing about 3 dozen people and injuring dozens on the eve of Ashura, Shiite Islam's most important holiday.
    (AP, 2/18/05)(SFC, 2/19/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 18, Israel let 16 of about 55 Palestinians expelled from the West Bank return home, and it has concluded that demolishing the homes of Palestinian suicide bombers and gunmen does not deter attackers and should be stopped.
    (AP, 2/18/05)
2005        Feb 18, The Lebanese opposition stepped up its campaign against the pro-Syrian government, calling for a peaceful uprising to force the resignation of Prime Minister Omar Karami and the withdrawal of Syrian troops.
    (AP, 2/19/05)
2005        Feb 18, Libya refused to extend the deadline of the Lockerbie compensation deal in a possible bid to pressure Washington to drop it from the U.S. list of state sponsors of terrorism.
    (AP, 2/19/05)
2005        Feb 18, The royal government plunged Nepal into a communications blackout, the country's annual celebration of democracy, cutting phone service to thwart opposition activists trying to organize nationwide protests.
    (AP, 2/18/05)
2005        Feb 18, Pakistan deployed specially trained anti-Al-Qaeda commandos to guard against sectarian violence as two Sunni militants planning to attack parades by rival Shiites blew themselves up.
    (AFP, 2/18/05)
2005        Feb 18, Russian Pres. Vladimir Putin said that Moscow will continue its nuclear cooperation with Iran and that he is convinced Tehran does not intend to develop atomic weapons.
    (AP, 2/18/05)
2005        Feb 18, The government of South Africa said the number of deaths increased by 57 percent in the five years ending in 2003, with AIDS and related illnesses among the leading causes in adults. The rate is far lower than that reported by world health groups.
    (AP, 2/19/05)

2006        Feb 18, Eight workers at a meat processing plant in Nebraska won a record $365 million Powerball jackpot.
    (AP, 2/18/07)
2006        Feb 18, Character actor Richard Bright ("The Godfather") was struck and killed by a bus in New York; he was 68.
    (AP, 2/18/07)
2006        Feb 18, In the US thousands of people remained without power after a winter storm packing wind gusts of up to 77 mph rolled across the Northeast, downing trees and power lines. Four people were killed.
    (AP, 2/18/06)
2006        Feb 18, In Brazil a coalition of American churches sharply denounced the US-led war in Iraq, accusing Washington of "raining down terror" and apologizing to other nations for "the violence, degradation and poverty our nation has sown." Christian leaders explored the question: Should churches use their investment portfolios to protest Israeli policies toward Palestinians?
    (AP, 2/18/06)
2006        Feb 18, More than 10,000 angry people protested in central London against the Prophet Muhammad cartoons that have infuriated many in the Muslim world.
    (AP, 2/18/06)
2006        Feb 18, The Democratic Republic of Congo adopted a new constitution aimed at bringing an end to decades of dictatorship, war and chaos in the vast country, and paving the way for elections by mid-2006.
    (AP, 2/18/06)
2006        Feb 18, India confirmed the H5N1 bird flu virus in chickens. Iran confirmed the virus in wild swans. Indonesia confirmed its 19th death from the virus. Germany France and Austria reported more dead birds. Nigeria claimed to be bringing the virus under control.
    (AP, 2/18/06)
2006        Feb 18, India and Pakistan restored train service along a line that was severed during their war 40 years ago, establishing a second rail link between the two South Asian rivals.
    (AP, 2/18/06)
2006        Feb 18, A spate of roadside bombings in Baghdad and north of the capital killed a US soldier and at least 11 Iraqis.
    (AP, 2/18/06)
2006        Feb 18, A German plane from Azerbaijan went missing in northern Iraq. 5 Germans and an Iraqi on board were found dead the next day.
    (AP, 2/19/06)
2006        Feb 18, Italy's Reforms Minister Roberto Calderoli resigned following deadly clashes in Libya over cartoons of the Prophet Mohammad that he had made into T-shirts and wore on state television.
    (AP, 2/18/06)
2006        Feb 18, In Italy Kjetil Andre Aamodt of Norway outwaited the weather and outran the field to successfully defend the men's super-G title for his record eighth Olympic Alpine medal. American Shani Davis won the men's 1,000-meter speedskating in Turin, becoming the first black athlete to win an individual gold medal in Winter Olympic history.
    (AP, 2/18/06)(AP, 2/18/07)
2006        Feb 18, Conservation officials said a searing drought in Kenya and neighboring Tanzania has killed dozens of hippopotamuses and other wild animals, and disrupted the annual migration of wildebeests and zebras between the two East African nations.
    (AP, 2/20/06)
2006        Feb 18, Libya suspended Nasr al-Mabrouk, its interior minister, citing an "excessive use of force" in riots the day before that left at least 10 people dead in the bloodiest protest yet against the Prophet Muhammad cartoons roiling the Muslim world.
    (AFP, 2/18/06)
2006        Feb 18, Nepal's communist insurgents called for an indefinite nationwide strike to begin Apr 3 as the country's major political parties prepared for a weekend protest amid growing anger at the king's autocratic rule.
    (AP, 2/18/06)
2006        Feb 18, In Nigeria armed militants carried out a wave of attacks across the troubled Niger delta, blowing up oil and gas pipelines and seizing nine foreign oil workers: 3 Americans, a Briton, 2 Egyptians, 2 Thais and one Filipino. Royal Dutch Shell suspended exports from the 380,000 barrel-a-day Forcados terminal after militants bombed the tanker loading platform.
    (Reuters, 2/18/06)
2006        Feb 18, Nigerian Muslims protesting caricatures of the Prophet Muhammad attacked Christians and burned churches, killing at least 15 people in the deadliest confrontation yet in the whirlwind of Muslim anger over the drawings.
    (AP, 2/19/06)
2006        Feb 18, In southwestern Pakistan insurgents blew up four gas pipelines and two people were injured in landmine explosions in Baluchistan province.
    (AP, 2/18/06)
2006        Feb 18, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas asked Hamas to form the next Palestinian government, but demanded that the Islamic militant group recognize existing peace deals and fall in line with his moderate policies, including negotiations with Israel.
    (AP, 2/18/06)
2006        Feb 18, Hamas legislator Abdel Aziz Duaik, a geography professor from the West Bank, was elected speaker of the new Palestinian parliament.
    (AP, 2/18/06)
2006        Feb 18, On the southern Philippine island of Jolo, janitor for US troops was killed and 13 people wounded in an explosion near an army base. Abu Sayyaf was suspected.
    (AP, 2/18/06)
2006        Feb 18, The WHO said a cholera outbreak in south Sudan has claimed 52 lives with more than 2,000 cases of the deadly disease.
    (AP, 2/18/06)

2007        Feb 18, The United States sent eight more US F-22 stealth fighter planes to the southern Japanese island of Okinawa in their first full deployment overseas.
    (AP, 2/18/07)
2007        Feb 18, Scientists at a symposium on the neurobiology of chocolate reported that flavanols, a chemical found in cocoa beans, could be good for memory. They noted that chocolate usually looses its flavanols during processing.
    (SFC, 2/19/07, p.A1)
2007        Feb 18, A US military helicopter crashed in southeastern Afghanistan after its pilot reported engine failure, killing eight American troops and wounding 14. A roadside bomb killed four officers involved in opium poppy eradication in Farah province. In western Ghor province a clash between poppy farmers and police involved in eradication left one civilian dead and two wounded.
    (AP, 2/18/07)(AP, 2/19/07)
2007        Feb 18, Albanians went to the polls in municipal elections. Allegations of vote-rigging flared within a few hours of polls opening, as the opposition accused PM Sali Berisha's Democratic Party of releasing false identity documents to allow some supporters to vote repeatedly. In Tirana Interior Minister Sokol Olldashi (34) faced Socialist Party leader and city mayor, Edi Rama (42).
    (AP, 2/18/07)
2007        Feb 18, A Bangladesh anti-graft body named 50 people for having wealth that did not match their income. 30 arrests soon included 11 former ministers, lawmakers and businessmen with party links.
    (AP, 2/20/07)
2007        Feb 18, British PM Tony Blair announced plans to overhaul gun laws after three teenage boys were shot dead in south London this month, prompting a national debate about guns and gangs among youths.
    (AP, 2/18/07)
2007        Feb 18, The Chinese flocked to temples, parks and Disneyland to pray, play, eat, and celebrate the first day of the Lunar New Year, ushering in the Year of the Pig. The celebrations extended to March 4.
    (AP, 2/18/07)(WSJ, 3/3/07, p.A1)
2007        Feb 18, Egyptian authorities arrested Mohammed Sayed Saber (35), an Egyptian engineer from the country's nuclear energy agency, for spying for Israel, but the arrest was not announced until April 17.
    (AP, 4/17/07)
2007        Feb 18, Fierce inter-clan fighting killed at least 43 people in Ethiopia's southeastern Ogaden region, inhabited mainly by ethnic Somalis.
    (AFP, 2/19/07)
2007        Feb 18, India’s federal minister for women and child development said the government plans to open centers where people can abandon unwanted daughters in a bid to tackle the abortion of female fetuses and infanticide.
    (AFP, 2/18/07)
2007        Feb 18 In northern India 2 bombs exploded on a train headed from India to Pakistan, sparking a fire that swept through two coaches and killed at least 68 people. Most of the dead were Pakistani. Officials said the attack was aimed at undermining the peace process between the rivals.
    (AP, 2/19/07)(Econ, 2/24/07, p.47)
2007        Feb 18, Twin landslides hit Indonesia's Java island, killing at least 12 people after they were buried under mounds of earth.
    (AP, 2/18/07)
2007        Feb 18, Israel and the US agreed ahead of a three-way meeting with the Palestinians to shun any new Palestinian government that does not renounce violence, recognize Israel and accept existing peace agreements.
    (AP, 2/18/07)
2007        Feb 18, Japanese researchers said they had grown normal-looking teeth from single cells in lab dishes, and transplanted them into mice.
    (Reuters, 2/18/07)
2007        Feb 18, Officials said the Mexican government will expand its anti-drug raids to two states across the border from Texas, deploying more than 3,000 soldiers, sailors and federal police.
    (AP, 2/19/07)
2007        Feb 18, In Nigeria gunmen seized three Croatian workers. The men were abducted in the region's main city of Port Harcourt.
    (AFP, 2/19/07)
2007        Feb 18, In the southern Philippines an unidentified gunman fatally shot Hernani Pastolero (64), the editor of a weekly newspaper in front of his home in the village of Bulalo.
    (AP, 2/19/07)
2007        Feb 18, In St. Petersburg, Russia, an explosion hit a McDonald's restaurant in the city center, injuring at least six people.
    (AP, 2/18/07)
2007        Feb 18, In Thailand 29 bombings and 20 other attacks rocked the country's four southernmost provinces. Most of the attacks took place in a span of 45 minutes.
    (AP, 2/19/07)
2007        Feb 18, A bus and a truck carrying goods collided head-on in Uganda, killing 7 people and injuring 20. Police said 2,000 Ugandans die in road accidents on average each year.
    (AP, 2/19/07)
2007        Feb 18, Zimbabwe riot police crushed an opposition rally amid government fears of a new street campaign against President Robert Mugabe. Morgan Tsvangirai cancelled a planned mass rally in Harare after police blocked supporters from attending the gathering in defiance of a court order.
    (AFP, 2/18/07)(Reuters, 2/19/07)

2008        Feb 18, President Bush handed out hugs and bed nets in Tanzania's rural north, saying the US is part of a new international effort to provide enough mosquito netting to protect every child between one and five from contracting malaria in this east African nation.
    (AP, 2/18/08)
2008        Feb 18, President Bush hailed Kosovo's bold and historic bid for statehood, saying "The Kosovars are now independent."
    (AP, 2/18/08)
2008        Feb 18, Platinum hit a record high for the 13th successive day on lingering power supply shortages which have disrupted mining in main producer South Africa.
    (AP, 2/18/08)
2008        Feb 18, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber targeting a Canadian military convoy killed 37 civilians at a busy market in Spin Boldak in southern Kandahar province. Afghan and NATO-led troops killed two regional Taliban commanders in southern Afghanistan
    (AP, 2/18/08)(AP, 2/21/08)
2008        Feb 18, The British government introduced emergency legislation to temporarily nationalize Northern Rock PLC. British PM Gordon Brown, detailing nationalization plans, said the stricken mortgage lender will remain nationalized until adverse market conditions change.
    (AP, 2/18/08)
2008        Feb 18, In Colombia a cashiered army lieutenant colonel and 14 soldiers were convicted of murdering 10 elite counternarcotics police agents in an ambush that showed how deeply drug corruption threatens Colombia's security forces.
    (AP, 2/18/08)
2008        Feb 18, Egyptian security sources said police have rounded up some 500 Palestinians in north Sinai in the past four days and plan to deport them back into Gaza shortly.
    (AP, 2/18/08)
2008        Feb 18, Ethiopia’s state-media reported that 309 police officers, suspected of links with separatists rebels, have been arrested in the Ogaden region as part of a government crackdown.
    (AFP, 2/18/08)
2008        Feb 18, More than 1,000 police raided housing projects outside Paris, detaining over 30 people in a bid to find rioters who led an outburst of violence last year.
    (AP, 2/18/08)
2008        Feb 18, Alain Robbe-Grillet (85), avant-garde French author, died. He dispensed with conventional storytelling as a pioneer of the postwar "new novel" movement.
    (AP, 2/18/08)
2008        Feb 18, At least 13 Maoist rebels and six paramilitary soldiers were killed in renewed fighting in eastern India, days after carefully coordinated rebel attacks killed 13 police and two civilians.
    (AP, 2/18/08)
2008        Feb 18, In Goa, India, the bruised body of Scarlette Keeling (15), a British citizen, was found on a beach with her clothes partially removed. Some of her injuries indicated sexual assault. In March 3 men were detained in connection with her murder. On March 13 police confirmed murder charges against local barman Samson D'Souza (29) and Placido Carvalho, an alleged drugs dealer working the beaches of the former Portuguese colony.
    (AP, 3/9/08)(AFP, 3/13/08)
2008        Feb 18, Italian police captured Pasquale Condello (57), the top boss of a powerful organized crime syndicate. The Condello crime clan was one of the most ferocious 'ndrangheta families and Condello had received several life prison terms for four murders and other crimes.
    (AP, 2/18/08)
2008        Feb 18, Kosovo's leaders sent letters to 192 countries seeking formal recognition of independence, and suspense gripped the province as its citizens awaited key backing from the US and key European powers.
    (AP, 2/18/08)
2008        Feb 18, Pakistanis voted for a new parliament in elections shadowed by fears of violence and questions about the political survival of President Pervez Musharraf. 56% of the votes cast in Baluchistan province were fake.
    (AP, 2/18/08)(SSFC, 9/25/11, p.A4)
2008        Feb 18, Callixte Nzabonimana (55), Rwanda’s former youth and sport minister, was arrested in the town of Kigoma, Tanzania. He faced trial for participating in the 1994 genocide. The trial of Nzabonimana, described by prosecutors as "the Butcher of Gitarama," began at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) in Tanzania on Nov 9, 2009.
    (Reuters, 2/19/08)(AFP, 11/9/09)
2008        Feb 18, Sri Lankan soldiers captured a line of strategic rebel bunkers after a battle that killed 10 rebels and one soldier.
    (AP, 2/18/08)

2009        Feb 18, President Barack Obama unveiled the next step in his multi-pronged efforts to lift the United States out of recession, pledging up to $275 billion to help stem a wave of home foreclosures that sparked the US financial meltdown. Obama advisors said he has settled on Kansas Gov. Kathleen Sebelius as top choice for secretary of health and human services.
    (Reuters, 2/18/09)(SFC, 2/19/09, p.A4)
2009        Feb 18, Fifty-one Democrats and 2 Republicans, sent a letter to President Barack Obama urging him to enforce a ban on importing assault weapons, saying many such guns are later smuggled south to arm Mexico's ruthless drug cartels. The ban was implemented under the administrations of Pres. George H.W. Bush and Pres. Bill Clinton, and the US government can enforce it under provisions of the 1968 Gun Control Act. But the US Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) has quietly abandoned the ban in recent years.
    (AP, 2/18/09)(AP, 2/24/09)
2009        Feb 18, A Florida jury ordered Philip Morris to pay $8 million in damages to Elaine Hess, the widow of a smoker who died of lung cancer.
    (SFC, 2/19/09, p.A2)
2009        Feb 18, Al Qaeda's Algeria-based branch (AQMI) claimed it is holding two missing Canadian diplomats hostage and 4 tourists. UN envoy Robert Fowler and his aide Louis Guay, went missing in the West African country of Niger last month.
    (SFC, 2/19/09, p.A2)(www.thestar.com/printArticle/589398)
2009        Feb 18, In Antigua panicky depositors were turned away from Stanford International Bank and some of its Latin American affiliates, unable to withdraw their money after US regulators accused Texas financier R. Allen Stanford of perpetrating an $8 billion fraud against his companies' investors.
    (AP, 2/19/09)
2009        Feb 18, A British judge discharged the jury in the trial of a group of British Muslims accused of plotting to blow up trans-Atlantic passenger jets in mid-air, citing legal reasons. Britain’s high court ruled that Abu Qatada, an extremist Muslim preacher, can be deported to Jordan  despite fears he could face torture there.
    (AP, 2/18/09)(SFC, 2/19/09, p.A2)
2009        Feb 18, A Chinese state news agency said AIDS was the top killer among infectious diseases in China for the first time last year, with 6,897 people dying in the nine months through September.
    (AP, 2/18/09)
2009        Feb 18, In Ecuador US diplomat Mark Sullivan was declared a “persona non grata" and told to leave. Pres. Correa later said Sullivan had directed CIA operations in Ecuador.
    (SFC, 2/23/09, p.A2)
2009        Feb 18, A leading Egyptian dissident, Ayman Nour (44), who was jailed after challenging the country's longtime president in the 2005 elections, was unexpectedly freed after years of pressure from the United States.
    (AP, 2/18/09)
2009        Feb 18, Georgia and Russia agreed to let monitors visit anywhere they want in Georgia and its 2 breakaway provinces.
    (WSJ, 2/19/09, p.A1)
2009        Feb 18, Greek police destroyed a powerful car bomb left outside the offices of Citibank in a northern Athens suburb in an escalation of left-wing militant attacks.
    (AP, 2/18/09)
2009        Feb 18, In Guadeloupe rioters manning barricades fatally shot Jacques Bino, tax agent and union member, in a housing project in Pointe-a-Pitre, as he returned home from protests. This was the first death in unrest that has convulsed France's Caribbean islands for weeks.
    (AP, 2/18/09)
2009        Feb 18, Iran’s Deputy Defense Minister Ahmad Vahidi said in published remarks that Iran has built an unmanned surveillance aircraft with a range of more than 600 miles, enough to reach Israel. Iran announced two years ago that it had built an unmanned aircraft, but Vahidi's comments were the first by a top official revealing its range.
    (AP, 2/18/09)
2009        Feb 18, In Iraq a roadside bomb targeting a police patrol in the northern city of Mosul killed one policeman. In Baghdad gunmen killed a local official from the Sunni Iraqi Islamic Party.
    (AP, 2/18/09)
2009        Feb 18, Israel set a series of tough conditions for accepting a proposed cease-fire with Hamas, saying there would be no deal, and no open borders for Gaza, until the Islamic militant group releases a captured Israeli soldier. Israeli planes attacked smuggling tunnels around the Gaza-Egypt border and a disused Hamas security base near the town of Khan Younis.
    (AP, 2/18/09)
2009        Feb 18, Japanese PM Taro Aso met Russian President Dmitry Medvedev on an island near disputed resource-rich maritime territory, hoping to make progress toward resolving a dispute lingering since World war II.
    (AP, 2/18/09)
2009        Feb 18, In Morocco Abdelkader Belliraj (50) was arrested together with a number of other people, allegedly in possession of a large arsenal of firearms. The Belgian-Moroccan national was suspected of spearheading a presumed 35-member terrorist ring.
    (AFP, 4/3/09)
2009        Feb 18, In Nigeria gunmen in a midnight raid attacked a compound housing ExxonMobil staff in the Niger Delta but were repulsed after a fierce battle with Nigerian troops.
    (AFP, 2/18/09)
2009        Feb 18, In Pakistan a pro-Taliban cleric vowed to restore calm to the troubled Swat valley, leading thousands of men in a march for peace after securing a controversial deal to enforce sharia law. Gunmen killed a television reporter hours after he covered the peace march in the Swat Valley.
    (AFP, 2/18/09)(AP, 2/18/09)
2009        Feb 18, Polish police said they have detained 78 people, including a priest and a doctor, suspected of possessing child pornography and spreading it on the Internet.
    (AP, 2/18/09)
2009        Feb 18, In Sri Lanka government artillery attacks and air raids inside the northern war zone killed at least 38 civilians and wounded 140 others.
    (AP, 2/18/09)
2009        Feb 18, Sudanese forces bombed rebel positions in Darfur, with the ink barely dry on a deal between Khartoum and the strongest rebel group that was hailed as a turning point in efforts to end the six-year conflict. The next day the Sudanese army said that it was an allied armed group that fought Darfur rebels the previous day, not government troops.
    (AP, 2/18/09)(AFP, 2/19/09)
2009        Feb 18, Taiwan’s central bank cut interest rates to a record low as a government statistician predicted that its economy will shrink for five consecutive quarters.
    (WSJ, 2/19/09, p.A1)
2009        Feb 18, Zimbabwe’s the new finance minister announced that Zimbabwe has begun paying government workers in US dollars and will allow more trade in foreign currency in the first act by a unity government that gave the opposition control of much of the devastated economy. A court ordered ministerial nominee Roy Bennett to be kept in custody until March 4, on the grounds there was "reasonable suspicion" against him in a terrorism case.
    (AP, 2/18/09)

2010        Feb 18, President Barack Obama met the Dalai Lama at the White House, brushing aside China's warning that talks with the exiled Tibetan spiritual leader could further damage strained Sino-US ties.
    (Reuters, 2/18/10)
2010        Feb 18, Pres. Obama created a bipartisan debt-reduction commission.
    (SFC, 2/19/10, p.A6)
2010        Feb 18, The Obama administration ratcheted up pressure on health insurers, saying some planned double-digit rate hikes while making billions in profits and paying executives multimillion-dollar salaries.
    (Reuters, 2/18/10)
2010        Feb 18, An absent-minded attendee at the Republican National Committee (RNC) confab in Boca Grande, Florida, left a 72-page document from its 2010 strategizing session in a hotel room. The memo tracks the fundraising presentation that RNC Finance Director Rob Bickhart delivered to the RNC's $2,500-a-head annual retreat and revealed a GOP plan to use scare tactics to raise money. This became public on March 4.
    (http://news.yahoo.com/s/ynews/20100304/ts_ynews/ynews_ts1217)
2010        Feb 18, US researchers unveiled a vehicle that earns money for its driver instead of guzzling it up in gasoline and maintenance costs. The presentation of the box-like, unassuming looking Scion was the researchers' way of introducing the "vehicle-to-grid" (V2G) concept as it begins to gain momentum in the United States and around the world.
    (AFP, 2/19/10)
2010        Feb 18, In Texas Joe Stack (b.1956), a software engineer, committed suicide by slamming his single-engine Piper PA-28 into an Austin office building that houses the IRS. One person was missing and 13 were injured. Stack felt the federal government, especially its tax code, had robbed him of his savings and destroyed his career while allowing corrupt executives to walk away with millions.
    (AP, 2/19/10)(SFC, 2/19/10, p.A6)
2010        Feb 18, It was reported that a new type of computer virus is known to have breached almost 75,000 computers in 2,500 organizations around the world. The virus, known as "Kneber botnet," gathers login credentials to online financial systems, social networking sites and email systems from infested computers and reports the information back to hackers.
    (Reuters, 2/18/10)
2010        Feb 18, Microsoft won unconditional European Union approval for its planned search deal with Yahoo Inc to challenge market leader Google.
    (Reuters, 2/18/10)
2010        Feb 18, The Afghan Interior Ministry said a NATO airstrike aimed at insurgents missed its target, killing 7 policemen in northern Kunduz province. Another Afghan official said Pakistan has captured two "shadow governors" belonging to Afghanistan's Taliban movement. The Afghan governor for Kunduz said Mullah Abdul Salam and Mullah Mir Mohammad, respectively the shadow governors of the northern Afghan provinces of Kunduz and Baghlan happened in Pakistan's Baluchistan province and were captured about a week ago. 9 militants linked to al-Qaida were nabbed overnight near Karachi. Six coalition troops were killed in the assault on Marjah, making it the deadliest day since the offensive began. The death toll so far is 11 NATO troops and one Afghan soldier.
    (AP, 2/18/10)(AP, 2/19/10)
2010        Feb 18, London police released Ray Gosling, a veteran British TV reporter, on bail after he was arrested and questioned about claims he made on the air that he killed his lover who was dying of AIDS.
    (AP, 2/18/10)
2010        Feb 18, Speed skater Christine Nesbitt of Canada mounted a gutsy charge to the finish line to claim gold in the women's 1,000 meters at the Richmond Olympic Oval.
    (Reuters, 2/18/10)
2010        Feb 18, Dubai police directly accused Israel's Mossad spy agency of orchestrating the Jan 19 hit squad slaying of a Hamas commander as the number of suspects rose to 18.
    (AP, 2/18/10)
2010        Feb 18, In Germany attorney Ursula Raue said 115 former students have come forward with charges of sexual abuse at schools run by Germany's Jesuit order. Victims had named 12 priests and several women among the attackers. Most of the victims were former students of one of Germany's most prestigious high schools, Berlin's private Catholic Canisius Kolleg.
    (AP, 2/18/10)
2010        Feb 18, Haiti’s PM Jean-Max Bellerive said the government will appropriate land to build temporary camps for earthquake victims. The decision was potentially explosive in a country where a small elite owns most of the land in and around the capital.
    (AP, 2/19/10)
2010        Feb 18, In India suspected Maoist rebels raided a village in eastern Bihar state, and killed at least 12 people in an apparent act of revenge after several guerrillas were captured and turned over to police. The dead included a family of 4 burned to death in Kasari.
    (AP, 2/18/10)(SFC, 2/19/10, p.A2)
2010        Feb 18, In Iraq a suicide car bomb exploded outside the gate of the main government compound in Ramadi, the capital of Anbar province, killing at least 13 people, including 4 police. At least 26 people were wounded.
    (AP, 2/18/10)
2010        Feb 18, Vicente Zambada Niebla (34), a man accused of being an influential, second-generation member of the Sinaloa drug cartel, was extradited from Mexico to the US on charges he helped move tons of cocaine from Colombia to California, New York and Chicago.
    (AP, 2/18/10)
2010        Feb 18, In Mozambique 7 people died in a riot in the district of Gurue sparked by false rumors that health workers were spreading cholera.
    (AP, 2/19/10)
2010        Feb 18, In Niger armed soldiers stormed the presidential palace and witnesses said the president's whereabouts were unknown after heavy gunfire. Pres. Mamadou Tandja (72) was deposed in a military coup after he stayed in office months beyond his legal mandate.
    (AP, 2/18/10)(AP, 1/17/11)
2010        Feb 18, In Pakistan a bomb blast at a mosque in the northwestern Khyber tribal region killed 29 people including some militants. Missiles fired from a US unmanned drone aircraft killed Mohammad Haqqani, the brother of Afghan Taliban commander Siraj Haqqani, along with 3 associates. Both Haqqanis are sons of Jalaluddin Haqqani, a former US ally in the war against the Soviets in the 1980s.
    (AP, 2/18/10)(AP, 2/19/10)(Reuters, 2/19/10)(SFC, 2/19/10, p.A2)
2010        Feb 18, In northern Pakistan up to 37 people were feared dead after an avalanche slammed into a remote mountain village in Kohistan district.
    (AFP, 2/18/10)
2010        Feb 18, Philippine troops arrested Jumadali Arad, a suspected Muslim militant accused in the high-profile kidnappings of three Americans, two of whom were later killed, and dozens of Filipinos nine years ago.
    (AP, 2/19/10)
2010        Feb 18, Rwanda state radio said a Seventh Day Adventist pastor, Peday Ntihanabayo, has been sentenced to life imprisonment for his role in Rwanda's 1994 genocide by a grass-roots gacaca appeals court.
    (AFP, 2/18/10)
2010        Feb 18, Turkmenistan Pres. Gurbanguli Berdymukhamedov said "If anyone wishes to propose creating a new political party, we can register one this year, as stipulated by the Constitution." The constitution, adopted in 1992, allows for the formation of political parties.
    (AP, 2/19/10)
2010        Feb 18, Zimbabwe state newspapers reported that the Supreme Court has ordered two government mining firms to stop operations on British-owned diamond mining fields plagued by human rights abuses.
    (AFP, 2/18/10)
2010        Feb 18-2010 Mar 3, In the northern Mexican border city of Reynosa 8 journalists were kidnapped over a period of two weeks in a wave of abductions unprecedented in the Western Hemisphere. Two were released alive and one was found dead with signs of torture.
    (AP, 3/11/10)

2011        Feb 18, The Obama administration vetoed a UN Arab-backed Security Council resolution that would have condemned Israel for continuing to build Jewish-only settlements in the West Bank.
    (AP, 2/19/11)
2011        Feb 18, The United States sanctioned the New Ansari Money Exchange, a major Afghan money-exchange outfit, suspected of laundering billions of dollars in drug money.
    (AP, 2/19/11)
2011        Feb 18, The US military said Noor Uthman Muhammed, a Guantanamo Bay prisoner who helped run an al-Qaida training camp in Afghanistan, will serve less than three years in prison under a plea deal that requires him to testify against other suspected terrorists.
    (AP, 2/18/11)
2011        Feb 18, Ford Motor Co. said it plans to team up with a Russian automaker to make and distribute cars in the country. The announcement came shortly after Italian automaker Fiat SpA backed out of a potential partnership with the same Russian company.
    (AP, 2/18/11)
2011        Feb 18, SF-based novelist Victor Martinez (56), died of cancer. His book “Parrot in the Over: Mi Vida" was awarded the 1996 National Book Award for Young People’s Literature.
    (SFC, 3/4/11, p.C5)
2011        Feb 18, In northern Afghanistan a man wearing an Afghan army uniform opened fire on German troops working on a vehicle, killing two soldiers and wounding at least eight others. A suicide car bomber struck a police station in the eastern city of Khost, killing 11 people — one Afghan policeman and 10 civilians. A roadside bomb killed three Afghan policemen and wounded two others in Shinwar district of the eastern province of Nangarhar. A roadside bomb also killed a coalition service member in the south. 
    (AP, 2/18/11)
2011        Feb 18, Tens of thousands of Albanian opposition supporters marched peacefully through the capital to demand the government resign over corruption allegations, almost a month after four people died when a similar demonstration turned violent.
    (AP, 2/18/11)
2011        Feb 18, Bahrain soldiers fired tear gas and shot heavy weapons into the air as thousands of protest marchers defied a government ban and streamed toward the landmark square that has been the symbolic center of the uprising against the Gulf nation's leaders. At least 50 people were wounded.
    (AP, 2/18/11)(SFC, 2/19/11, p.A4)
2011        Feb 18, Brazil set out its foreign policy aims under new President Dilma Rousseff, talking up China ties, blaming rich countries for hampering global trade talks, stressing dialogue with Iran, and saying it sees itself as an agent for "world peace."
    (AFP, 2/18/11)
2011        Feb 18, China raised required reserves to a record 19.5 percent, adding to an increasingly aggressive effort by Beijing to stamp out stubbornly high inflation.
    (Reuters, 2/18/11)
2011        Feb 18, The Danish Supreme Court gave the government the green light to take control of Christiania, a largely self-governing Copenhagen neighborhood that was occupied by hippies four decades ago.
    (AP, 2/18/11)
2011        Feb 18, In Djibouti thousands of demonstrators gathered in the tiny East African city state to demand that the president step down after two terms, the latest in a series of rallies modeled after political demonstrations across Africa and the Middle East. At least 2 people were killed.
    (AP, 2/18/11)(Econ, 2/26/11, p.54) 
2011        Feb 18, In Egypt hundreds of thousands of flag-waving Egyptians packed into central Tahrir Square for a day of celebration to mark the fall of longtime leader Hosni Mubarak a week ago and push their new military rulers to steer the country toward reform.
    (AP, 2/18/11)
2011        Feb 18, Germany’s defense minister Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg (39) apologized for individual errors in his doctoral dissertation. He was accused of copying parts of the dissertation he wrote for his university doctorate without correctly attributing them.
    (Reuters, 2/19/11)
2011        Feb 18, The Guatemalan government lifted a two-month-old state of siege in a northern province that authorities said was controlled by Mexican drug traffickers. Xinabajul soccer club vice president Carlos Noe Gomez was ambushed and shot to death by two men as he left a team meeting.
    (AP, 2/18/11)(AP, 2/20/11)
2011        Feb 18, In Haiti several thousand supporters of ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide protested in the capital, waving photos of their exiled leader and vowing to derail a runoff election next month unless he returns.
    (AP, 2/18/11)
2011        Feb 18, In Iran thousands of government supporters called for the execution of opposition leaders at a prayer service in response to anti-government demonstrations earlier in the week. Authorities, meanwhile, appeared to tighten restrictions on one of the leaders under house arrest.
    (AP, 2/18/11)
2011        Feb 18, Iraqis demanding better public services, jobs and pensions blocked a bridge in the southern oil hub of Basra, as spreading Middle East unrest emboldens Iraqis to take on government officials over poor living standards.
    (AP, 2/18/11)
2011        Feb 18, In Jordan clashes broke out in Amman between government supporters and opponents at a protest calling for more freedom and lower food prices, injuring eight.
    (AP, 2/18/11)
2011        Feb 18, In Libya Moamer Kadhafi's regime vowed to snuff any further attempt to challenge the Libyan leader, after an opposition "day of anger" turned into a bloodbath that a rights group said cost at least 24 lives. At least 35 people were killed in Benghazi.
    (AFP, 2/18/11)(SFC, 2/19/11, p.A4)
2011        Feb 18, In southern Mexico 4 men with their hands and feet tied and heads covered in duct tape were thrown 600 feet to their deaths from a bridge. They were among 13 people slain in Guerrero state. The other nine were killed in the resort city of Acapulco and included a severed head that had been scalped and whose face had been skinned. They included five taxi drivers found dead in or near their vehicles. Soldiers killed eight suspected drug cartel members in two clashes near the industrial city of Monterrey. Another group of gunmen fired on soldiers in Juarez, another Monterrey suburb, sparking a firefight that killed three attackers. There were 20 murders in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 2/18/11)(AP, 2/20/11)(AFP, 2/20/11)
2011        Feb 18, A documentary film “Presumed Guilty" (2008) was released in Mexico. It told the story of Antonio Zuniga, a computer repairman, who was convicted of a 2005 murder that took place near his Mexico city market stall, despite evidence of his innocence. The film was banned 2 weeks later.
    (Econ, 4/2/11, p.82)(www.imdb.com/title/tt1320254/)
2011        Feb 18, In Pakistan a judge ordered the arrest of the driver of a US vehicle that struck and killed a Pakistani while rushing to help an American detained in a pair of fatal shootings on Jan 27 in Lahore.
    (AP, 2/18/11)
2011        Feb 18, Peruvian journalist Vicky Pelaez (55), deported by the United States last year to Russia in a spy swap, returned home and said she was in Peru to attend her father's burial.
    (AP, 2/19/11)
2011        Feb 18, In the Philippines rebels freed army officer Mario Veluz, who they snatched at gunpoint on Feb. 6 along a road near Bukidnon province.
    (AP, 2/20/11)
2011        Feb 18, In Russia masked gunmen shot dead three vacationers from the Moscow area on a road in Kabardino-Balkaria in the violence-plagued North Caucasus region.
    (AP, 2/19/11)
2011        Feb 18, In Senegal a man set himself on fire in front of the presidential palace in Dakar, the latest self-immolation on the African continent.
    (AP, 2/18/11)
2011        Feb 18, Somali pirates hijacked the yacht Quest with four Americans on board in the Arabian sea off the coast of Somalia. The Americans were identified as Jean and Scott Adams, a retired couple from southern California, and Phyllis Macay and Robert Riggle of Seattle.
    (AP, 2/19/11)(SSFC, 2/20/11, p.A5)
2011        Feb 18, A senior UN official said 5,000 suspected ex-combatants remain in Sri Lankan camps 21 months after a quarter-century civil war ended.
    (AP, 2/18/11) 
2011        Feb 18, In Tunisia Marek Marius Rybinski (34), a Polish priest, was found with his throat slit and stab wounds in the parking lot of the religious school in the Tunis suburb of Manouma.
    (AP, 2/19/11)(Econ, 3/12/11, p.29)
2011        Feb 18, Uganda held elections. Pres. Yoweri Museveni (67) won with a huge lead over his nearest rival, Kizza Besigye, extending his 25-year hold on power for another 5 years. Museveni got 68% of the vote. Besigye got 26% of the vote and rejected the results as marred by fraud. Museveni had handed out envelopes of cash to peasants, teachers and local officials up and down the country.
    (AP, 2/19/11)(SFC, 2/21/11, p.A2)(Econ, 2/26/11, p.53)
2011        Feb 18, The Vatican said Fernando Karadima, a prominent Chilean priest, has been found guilty of abusing minors and must retire to a life of prayer and penitence.
    (SFC, 2/19/11, p.A2)
2011        Feb 18, In Yemen at least two people were killed in Taez after a grenade was lobbed at protesters from a speeding car that carried government registration plates. Clashes between police and protesters continued in the 9th straight day of protests. Organizers used social media sites Facebook and Twitter in summoning people to the streets for the "Friday of Rage" following noon prayers, and tens of thousands responded in the capital of Sanaa, the southern port of Aden and the political hotbed of Taiz. 4 people were killed by police in Aden and 48 wounded in Taiz.
    (Reuters, 2/18/11)(AP, 2/18/11)(AFP, 2/18/11)(SFC, 2/19/11, p.A5)

2012        Feb 18, In Arizona Pinal County Sheriff Paul Babeu resigned as a volunteer co-chair of Republican presidential hopeful Mitt Romney's campaign in Arizona after he was accused of threatening a former male lover with deportation to Mexico if he talked about their relationship.
    (Reuters, 2/19/12)
2012        Feb 18, Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai met with Maulana Samiul Haq, a Pakistani cleric linked to Taliban insurgents. The meeting in Islamabad marked the first public contact between an Afghan official and members of the Afghan Taliban's support network in Pakistan.
    (AP, 2/18/12)
2012        Feb 18, African leaders began talks in Benin on insecurity in the Sahel region where fresh violence in Mali has sparked what rights groups say is the area's worst human rights crisis in 20 years.
    (AFP, 2/18/12)
2012        Feb 18, A Chinese court sentenced two top former Football Association officials to more than a decade in jail, in a graft scandal that brought the football league to its knees.
    (AFP, 2/18/12)
2012        Feb 18, In Djibouti an American reconnaissance plane crashed 6 miles (10km) from the only US base in Africa, killing four service members on board, after returning from a mission in support of the war in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/20/12)
2012        Feb 18, In India a school bus plunged into a river and at least seven people, including 6 children, were killed in the west-coast resort state of Goa. The driver and conductor both jumped from the vehicle as it was falling and were unharmed.
    (AP, 2/18/12)
2012        Feb 18, In Iran a trial began in a $2.6 billion dollar banking fraud case with some 32 people involved in taking bribes and financial corruption. At the center of the fraud, which surfaced last September, is a company called the Aria group, which was founded in 2005 with a mere $50,000. In 2011, estimates put its value at more than $3.5 billion.
    (AFP, 2/18/12)
2012        Feb 18, In Iraq some 400 members of an Iranian exile group reluctantly moved from Camp Ashraf in the northwest to Camp Liberty, a deserted military base outside Baghdad in what they called a show of good faith that they eventually will be allowed to leave the country peacefully. It was the first group to move of the more than 3,300 members of the People's Mujahedeen Organization of Iran who have lived at the camp for three decades.
    (AP, 2/18/12)
2012        Feb 18, Latvia voted in a referendum on whether Russian should become the Baltic country's second national language. The Russians and other minorities who organized the referendum admit they have virtually no chance at winning the plebiscite. According to the current law, anyone who moved to Latvia during the Soviet occupation, or was born to parents who moved there, is considered a noncitizen and must pass the Latvian language exam in order to become a citizen. Latvian voters resoundingly rejected the proposal.
    (AP, 2/18/12)
2012        Feb 18, In southern Mali rebels entered the village of Hombori and killed a 78-year-old village chief. They also ransacked the village for weapons.
    (AP, 2/19/12)
2012        Feb 18, Morocco said it has banned the distribution of the Feb 16 edition of Spain's influential El Pais, as a cartoon published by the newspaper allegedly tarnished King Mohammed VI's name. Earlier this month French weekly Le Nouvel Observateur was banned after printing an image of God.
    (AFP, 2/18/12)
2012        Feb 18, In northeast Nigeria gunmen shot dead an Islamic cleric and a local politician in separate attacks.
    (AP, 2/19/12)
2012        Feb 18, A Palestinian official in Gaza said Egypt has promised to provide diesel fuel for the Gaza Strip's sole power plant, which went down Feb 14 after running out of fuel.
    (AFP, 2/18/12)
2012        Feb 18, Russian police said 17 officers have been killed during a 4-day operation to wipe out several militant bands in Chechnya and Dagestan. At least 20 rebels were reported killed.
    (SSFC, 2/19/12, p.A4)
2012        Feb 18, Somalia's disparate leaders agreed on the basic structure of a new parliament and government to replace the fragile transitional body that has failed to bring peace to the war-torn country. The accord proposed a parliamentary system for anarchic Somalia, with both Puntland and Galmudug recognized as states within a federal system.
    (AFP, 2/19/12)
2012        Feb 18, Mohammed Wardi (b.1932, Sudan's lead singer, died.
    (AFP, 2/19/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohammed_Wardi)
2012        Feb 18, Syrian security forces fired live rounds and tear gas at thousands of people marching in a funeral procession that turned into a protest in Damascus, killing at least one person. The Observatory said two other people were killed, one in Homs who died from sniper fire and another in the north, who was shot by security forces conducting raids. Visiting Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Zhai Jun called on all parties to stop violence. Jamal Bish, a city councilor in Aleppo was reported killed. Syrian authorities freed blogger Razan Ghazzawi, symbol of an 11-month uprising, and six other female activists arrested last week.
    (AP, 2/18/12)(AFP, 2/19/12)
2012        Feb 18, It was reported that more than 3,000 children in northern Uganda are suffering from a debilitating mystery ailment known as nodding disease. For several years, scientists have tried and failed to determine the cause of the illness. Scientists did not know if the disease is linked to similar outbreaks in neighboring South Sudan and Tanzania.
    (AFP, 2/18/12)
2012        Feb 18, In Uganda the body of Jeff Rice, American television producer, was found at the Serena hotel in Kampala. Police later said he died after taking contaminated cocaine. His assistant, identified as Kathryne Fuller, was found unconscious at the same time. By Feb 25 she was conscious but paralyzed down the right hand side of her body.
    (Reuters, 2/25/12)
2012        Feb 18, Pope Benedict XVI brought 22 new Catholic churchmen into the elite club of cardinals who will elect his successor, in a greatly simplified ceremony that took account of evidence the 84-year-old pontiff is slowing down. This brought to 125 the number of cardinals under age 80 who are thus eligible to vote in a papal election.
    (AP, 2/18/12)

2013        Feb 18, US Attorney General Eric Holder discussed regional crime with Caribbean leaders during a summit in Haiti.
    (AP, 2/18/13)
2013        Feb 18, The owner of the stricken Carnival Triumph cruise ship was hit by a lawsuit seeking class action status for stranding more than 3,000 passengers for 5 days on a ship without electricity or adequate sanitation.
    (Reuters, 2/20/13)
2013        Feb 18, In Maryland Dr. Nikita A. Levy (54) was found dead. The gynecologist’s employment at Johns Hopkins was terminated on Feb 8 following reports of his surreptitiously photographing and videotaping his patients.  In 2014 the John Hopkins Health System agreed to pay $190 million to some 8,000 women to settle the case.
    (SFC, 2/19/13, p.A7)(SFC, 7/22/14, p.A4)
2013        Feb 18, Afghan President Hamid Karzai officially banned Afghan security forces from requesting international airstrikes during operations in residential areas.
    (AP, 2/18/13)
2013        Feb 18, Armenia held elections. President Serge Sarkisian (58) easily won a second term with nearly 59% of the vote, but international observers said the vote "lacked competition." The closest of his six rivals, American-born Raffi Hovanessian, got 37% of the vote.
    (AP, 2/19/13)
2013        Feb 18, In Belgium 8 masked gunmen forced their way through the security fence at Brussels' international airport, drove onto the tarmac and snatched some $50 million worth of diamonds from the hold of a Swiss-bound plane without firing a shot.
    (AP, 2/19/13)
2013        Feb 18, In Brazil protesters backing the Cuban government blocked the screening of a documentary featuring Cuba's best-known dissident, the blogger Yoani Sanchez, who was in attendance after being allowed to leave the communist island for the first time in nearly a decade. This was the first stop on her 80-day tour of about a dozen nations.
    (AP, 2/18/13)
2013        Feb 18, British PM David Cameron flew into India promising to try to revive Indian interest in the Eurofighter even though New Delhi has chosen a French-made rival.
    (Reuters, 2/18/13)
2013        Feb 18, Britain's Royal Mint said it has started to manufacture gold sovereign coins in India for the first time since 1918.
    (Reuters, 2/18/13)
2013        Feb 18, The European Union officially launched a training mission with the goal of making the disparaged Malian army good enough to patrol the whole country.
    (AP, 2/18/13)
2013        Feb 18, EU finance ministers, condemning the Feb. 12 nuclear test by North Korea, imposed more trade and economic sanctions on the Asian nation.
    (AP, 2/18/13)
2013        Feb 18, EU foreign ministers announced that they are keeping current sanctions against Syria in place for three months, rejecting any attempt to ease the arms embargo so military aid could be funneled to rebel forces.
    (AP, 2/18/13)
2013        Feb 18, The European Union said it has removed 21 loyalists of Zimbabwe's president from a sanctions list of people facing travel and banking bans. It said the decision to remove those restrictions was a result of a "step forward" in finalizing a draft constitution which is set to go voted on in a national referendum on March 16.
    (AP, 2/19/13)
2013        Feb 18, In Guinea supporters of President Alpha Conde looted and burned the Kankan offices of opposition politician Lansana Kouyate, 700 km (435 miles) north of Conakry.
    (AP, 2/18/13)
2013        Feb 18, In Pakistan at least 15,000 Shiite Muslims took to the streets in Quetta in a 2nd day of protests following a bombing that left 89 people dead. Gunmen opened fire on a restaurant in Karachi, killing two people. Militants wearing suicide vests and disguised as policemen attacked the office of Khyber Political Agent Mutahir Zeb in Peshawar, killing 5 police officers. In Lahore gunmen on a motorcycle shot to death a Shiite doctor and his son (12).
    (AP, 2/18/13)(SFC, 2/19/13, p.A3)
2013        Feb 18, Palestinians blocked roads and held marches across the West Bank to protest the fate of thousands of their countrymen held in Israeli jails and demand the release of four detainees on hunger strike. Israel is holding some 4,500 Palestinians for charges ranging from throwing stones to undertaking deadly militant attacks.
    (AP, 2/18/13)
2013        Feb 18, In Russia the body of Lipetsk city councilman Mikhail Pakhomov (37), kidnapped last week, was found in a cement barrel. Investigators have arrested eight people in the case. Evgeny Kharitonov, a former deputy minister in Moscow's provincial government, was charged with organizing the kidnapping over what police called an $80 million debt.
    (AP, 2/19/13)
2013        Feb 18, In South Africa Mamphela Ramphele, an academic and co-founder of the nation’s Black Conscious Movement, announced the creation of Agang, a new political party "to build the South Africa of our dreams," lambasting the 101-year-old African National Congress of Nelson Mandela for corruption and power abuse.
    (AP, 2/18/13)(Econ, 2/23/13, p.47)
2013        Feb 18, In South Africa 9 miners and 4 guards were injured when a machete-wielding mob attacked union stewards and security guards opened fire with rubber bullets amid ongoing labor rivalry at an Anglo American Platinum mine. Some miners accuse the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM), which is allied with the governing ANC, of becoming elitist, cozying up to business and putting those interests before that of mine workers.
    (AP, 2/18/13)
2013        Feb 18, Syrian rebels captured a government checkpoint on the main road to the country's second-largest airport as opposition fighters pressed their campaign to capture the strategic facility in Aleppo. A new report from a UN-appointed panel said Syria's civil war is becoming increasingly sectarian and the behavior of both sides is growing more and more radicalized. A regime missile strike leveled a stretch of buildings and killed at least 19 people in Aleppo, leaving residents combing through the rubble to find those trapped beneath it.
    (AP, 2/18/13)(AP, 2/19/13)
2013        Feb 18, President Hugo Chavez returned to Venezuela after more than two months of treatment in Cuba following cancer surgery.
    (AP, 2/18/13)

2014        Feb 18, Pres. Obama announced his intention to nominate Jane Chu (56), a pianist and arts administrator from Kansas City, Mo., to lead the National Endowment for the Arts.
    (SFC, 2/19/14, p.F5)
2014        Feb 18, In Chicago an elderly nun who broke into what was supposed to be one of the most carefully guarded nuclear facilities in the US was sentenced to 35 months in prison. Sister Megan Rice (84) cut through fences and several layers of security at the Y-12 National Security Complex in Tennessee along with two other members of Transform Now Plowshares -- a pacifist group -- in July 2012. Fellow anti-nuclear activists Michael Walli (64) and Greg Boertje-Obed (58) were sentenced to five years and two months in prison because of their criminal histories.
    (AFP, 2/19/14)
2014        Feb 18, Egyptian authorities charged two Israelis and two Egyptians with forming an espionage ring for Israel, the second such trial to be called for in a month.
    (AP, 2/18/14)
2014        Feb 18, French police arrested a 48-year-old man in connection with the Sep 2012 killings of a British-Iraqi family and a cyclist in the Alps, in their first breakthrough in the case.
    (AFP, 2/18/14)
2014        Feb 18, Gambia's President Yahya Jammeh called homosexuals "vermin."
    (Reuters, 2/18/14)
2014        Feb 18, A German court sentenced Onesphore Rwabukombe, a Rwandan Hutu, to 14 years in jail for his role in the genocide of Tutsis in Rwanda in 1994, ending Germany's first trial related to the mass killings in central Africa.
    (Reuters, 2/18/14)
2014        Feb 18, In Guinea at least one person was killed and six others injured in Conakry when protests against frequent power cuts turned violent. The offices of a Brazilian construction firm were attacked.
    (Reuters, 2/18/14)
2014        Feb 18, In Iraq bombs exploded in predominantly Shi'ite Muslim districts of Baghdad killing 14 people. Another 35 people were killed in seven car explosions in the southern city of Hilla and nearby towns.
    (Reuters, 2/18/14)
2014        Feb 18, Irish drugmaker Actavis PLC said it plans to buy Forest Laboratories Inc. in an approximately $25 billion deal that will boost the company's presence in US primary-care doctor offices and bulk up its portfolio of branded drugs.
    (AP, 2/18/14)
2014        Feb 18, In Libya security guards forced Benghazi airport to close for six hours to demand back wages as well as an investigation into the crash of a helicopter which took off from the airport last week.
    (Reuters, 2/18/14)
2014        Feb 18, Pakistani Taliban fighters opened fire at an army car and killed a senior officer.
    (Reuters, 2/18/14)
2014        Feb 18, In Papua New Guinea police opened fire after hundreds of men broke out of an Australia-run detention camp for asylum seekers. One inmate was killed.
    (SFC, 2/19/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 18, Polish prosecutors said they have charged a Catholic priest (Wojciech G.) with four counts of sex abuse against children in Poland and in the Dominican Republic, where he was working in a rural parish.
    (Reuters, 2/18/14)
2014        Feb 18, Saudi crown prince Alwaleed bin Talal and deputy prime minister Salman Bin Abdulaziz Al Saud concluded a three-day-visit to Pakistan. Pakistani Finance Minister Ishaq Dar announced the creation of the new fund, the Pakistan Development Fund, to channel money from "friendly countries" like Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
    (Reuters, 3/13/14)
2014        Feb 18, South Sudan rebel forces launched a major assault against the key oil-hub of Malakal, as a ceasefire agreement with the government appeared to be in tatters. The government admitted that the rebels controlled some parts of the town. A top government general was seriously wounded in the attack said to involve tens of thousands of rebel fighters. 10 people were killed in "inter-communal clashes" within a peacekeeping base in Malakal.
    (AFP, 2/18/14)(AP, 2/19/14)
2014        Feb 18, Human Rights Watch said Saudi Arabian authorities have deported more than 12,000 migrants held under "appalling conditions" back to their native Somalia. The International Organization for Migration said the Somali government expects Saudi Arabia to deport another 30,000 people in the coming weeks.
    (AP, 2/19/14)
2014        Feb 18, Two American security officers, Mark Daniel Kennedy (43) and Jeffrey Reynolds (44) were found dead Port Victoria, Seychelles, in a cabin on the Norfolk-based Maersk Alabama. The ship had grabbed headlines in a 2009 hijacking by Somali pirates, an incident dramatized in the movie "Captain Phillips" starring Tom Hanks. Police later said that a syringe and traces of heroin were found in their cabin. On April 29 Seychelles police said a mixture of heroin and alcohol caused the deaths of the two former US Navy SEALs.
    (AP, 2/20/14)(AP, 2/24/14)(AP, 4/29/14)
2014        Feb 18, A Syrian government barrel bomb landed next to a school in the village of Mzairib. 18 people were killed, including 15 Palestinian refugees.
    (Econ, 2/22/14, p.40)
2014        Feb 18, In Thailand gunbattles broke out as hundreds of riot police made their strongest attempt to clear anti-government protest sites around Bangkok. At least 4 people dead and one policeman were killed and 64 others injured.
    (AP, 2/18/14)(Econ, 2/22/14, p.34)
2014        Feb 18, Uganda’s Pres. Museveni said in a statement that he would not sign a proposed antigay law until after a hearing from scientists.
    (SFC, 2/22/14, p.A4)
2014        Feb 18, In Ukraine riot police stormed Independence Square (Maidan) in Kiev. The deadly clashes between police and anti-government protesters left at least 25 people dead and hundreds injured, raising fears of a civil war.
    (AP, 2/18/14)(AFP, 2/18/14)(AP, 2/19/14)(Econ, 2/22/14, p.19)
2014        Feb 18, Venezuelan protest leader Leopoldo Lopez (42) surrendered to troops after speaking to over 10,000 people gathered in Caracas. This followed his spearheading three weeks of often rowdy demonstrations.
    (Reuters, 2/19/14)(SFC, 2/19/14, p.A4)
2014        Feb 18, In Yemen secessionist rebels attacked an army truck carrying food to a unit in the southern Dali province, killing 7 soldiers and wounding nine. 14 soldiers were captured. An opposition leader said the clashes were prompted by the army's 33rd brigade random shelling of three districts in Dali that destroyed five houses and killed six people including a child.
    (AP, 2/18/14)

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