Today in History - February 19

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3CE        Feb 19, Sadiq Hidajat, Persian writer (Blind Person Owl), was born.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

197        Feb 19, Lucius Septimius Severus' army beat Clodius Albinus at Lyon. D Clodius Septimus Albinus, Roman dignitary in England, died in the battle.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

356        Feb 19, Emperor Constantius II shut all heathen (non-Christian) temples.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

842        Feb 19, The Medieval Iconoclastic Controversy ended as a council in Constantinople formally reinstated the veneration of icons in the churches.

1401        Feb 19, William Sawtree, 1st English religious martyr, was burned in London.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1408        Feb 19, Henry IV led a victory in the Battle of Brabham Moor that marked the end of domestic threats. The revolt of Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland, against King Henry IV, ended with his defeat and death at Bramham Moor.
    (MWH, 1994)(HN, 2/19/98)

1414        Feb 19, Thomas Arundel, archbishop of Canterbury, chancellor of England, died.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1473        Feb 19, The astronomer Copernicus (1473-1543) was born in Torun, Poland. He promulgated the theory that the earth and the planets move around the sun.
    (WUB, 1994, p. 322)(HN, 2/19/98)(AP, 2/19/98)

1539        Feb 19, Jews of Tyrnau, Hungary, (then Trnava, Czech), were expelled.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1545        Feb 19, Pierre Brully, [Peter Brulius], Calvinist minister, was burned to death.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1600        Feb 19, Arequipa, Peru, was destroyed as the Huaynaputina volcano exploded catastrophically, in the largest volcanic explosion in South America in historic times. The eruption continued with associated earthquakes into March and devastated the socioeconomic fabric of southern Peru and neighboring Chile and Bolivia. The explosion had effects on climate around the Northern Hemisphere, where 1601 was the coldest year in six centuries, leading to a famine in Russia.
    (SSFC, 6/24/01, p.A16)(

1634        Feb 19, At the Battle at Smolensk Polish king Wladyslaw IV beat the Russians. [see Mar 1]
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1671        Feb 19, Charles-Hubert Gervais, composer, was born.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1674        Feb 19, Netherlands and England signed the Peace of Westminster. NYC became English.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1687        Feb 19, Johann Adam Birkenstock, composer and sandal designer, was born.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1701        Feb 19, Philip V of Spain made his ceremonial entry into Madrid.
    (HN, 2/19/99)

1704        Feb 19, In Japan Kabuki actor Ichikawa Danjuro I (b.1660, the first of the Danjuro line, was murdered by a rival on stage.
    (, 2/16/13, p.44)

1736        Feb 19, Georg F. Handel's "Alexander's Feast," premiered.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1743        Feb 19, [Rodolfo] Luigi Boccherini, Italian composer, cellist (Minuet), was born.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1797        Feb 19, Pope Pius VI ceded papal territory to France in the Treaty of Tolentino.
    (PC, 1992 ed, p.353)

1803        Feb 19, Congress voted to accept Ohio's borders and constitution. However, Congress did not get around to formally ratifying Ohio statehood until 1953.
    (AP, 2/19/98)

1807        Feb 19, Former Vice President Aaron Burr was arrested in Alabama. He was subsequently tried for treason and acquitted. [see May 22, Sep 1]
    (HN, 2/19/98)(AP, 2/19/98)

1817        Feb 19, William III, King of the Netherlands, was born. 
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1831        Feb 19, The 1st practical US coal-burning locomotive made its 1st trial run in Penn.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1843        Feb 19, Adelina Patti, opera soprano (Lucio), was born in Madrid, Spain.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1846        Feb 19, The Texas state government was formally installed in Austin, with J. Pinckney Henderson taking the oath of office as governor.
    (AP, 2/19/07)

1847        Feb 19, Rescuers finally reached the ill-fated Donner Party in the Sierras, where many resorted to cannibalism to survive.
    (HN, 2/19/99)

1856        Feb 19, Tin-type camera was patented by Hamilton Smith in Gambier, Ohio.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1858        Feb 19, Leschi, a Nisqually American Indian leader from the Puget Sound region, was hanged a mile east of Fort Steilacoom. On June 10, 1857, he had been convicted of the murder of Abrams Moses, and was sentenced to hang. Appeals to the Supreme Court delayed the initial hanging. In 2004 seven judges at a Historical Court of Inquiry and Justice unanimously decided that regardless of who shot Moses, “The killing was a legitimate act of war, immune from prosecution." Consequently, Leschi was declared “exonerated" of Abrams Moses’ murder.  In 2011 Richard Kluger authored “The Bitter Waters of Medicine Creek: A Tragic Clash Between White and Native America."
    (, 2/27/11, p.G1)
1858        Feb 19, Alois Basil Nikolaus Tomasini (78), composer, died.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1859        Feb 19, Svante Arrhenius, Swedish chemist, founder of physical chemistry, was born.
    (HN, 2/19/01)
1859        Feb 19, Daniel E. Sickles, NY congressman, was acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity. This was the 1st time this defense was successfully used. Sickles had shot and killed Philip Barton Key, son of Francis Scott Key, author of "Star Spangled Banner." He shot Lee, the DC district attorney, in Lafayette Square for having an affair with his wife. Sickles pleaded temporary insanity and the sanctity of a man’s home and beat the murder rap.
    (WSJ, 3/29/02, p.W10)(MC, 2/19/02)

1861        Feb 19, Pres.-elect Lincoln traveled through NYC on his way to Washington.
    (WSJ, 2/12/04, p.D12)

1876        Feb 19, Gardiner Hubbard submitted Alexander Graham Bell's patent application for a telephone.
    (ON, 1/03, p.4)

1877        Feb 19, Louis Francois-Marie Aubert, French composer (Habanera), was born.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1878        Feb 19, Thomas Edison received a U.S. patent for "an improvement in phonograph or speaking machines."
    (AP, 2/19/07)
1878        Feb 19, Charles Francois Daubigny (b.1817), French painter of the Barbizon school, died.
    (, 6/1/13, p.E2)

1881        Feb 19, Kansas became the first state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages.
    (AP, 2/19/98)

1884        Feb 19, A series of tornadoes left an estimated 800 people dead in 7 US states (Miss, Ala, NC, SC, Tenn., Ky & In).
    (WSJ, 9/13/01, p.B11)(MC, 2/19/02)

1887        Feb 19, The 49th US Congress passed the Edmunds-Tucker Act. It abolished women's suffrage, forced wives to testify against their husbands, disincorporated the LDS Church, dismantled the Perpetual Emigrating Fund Company, abolished the Nauvoo Legion, and provided that LDS Church property in excess of $50,000 would be forfeited to the United States.

1902        Feb 19, Kay Boyle, short story writer (“The White Horses of Vienna"), was born.
    (HN, 2/19/01)
1902        Feb 19, Smallpox vaccination became obligatory in France.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1903        Feb 19, The Austria-Hungary government decreed a mandatory two year military service.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1906        Feb 19, In Michigan W.K. Kellogg & Charles Bolin incorporated the Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Co. Will Kellogg spent 2/3 of the company budget to advertise Corn Flakes.
    (SFC, 11/16/96, p.E4)(ON, 2/05, p.10)

1910        Feb 19, English premiere of Richard Strauss' "Elektra."
    (MC, 2/19/02)
1910        Feb 19, Mary Mallon (aka Typhoid Mary) was released from 4 years of quarantine on New York’s North Brother Island. In 1914 she caused a typhus outbreak in the Sloane Maternity Hospital. She was again arrested and returned to North Brother Island where she died Nov 11, 1938.
    (ON, 7/01, p.12)

1911        Feb 19, Merle Oberon, film actress, was born.
    (HN, 2/19/01)

1912        Feb 19, Stan Kenton, [Newcomb], jazz musician (Music 55), was born in Wichita, Ks.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1915        Feb 19, British and French warships began their attacks on the Turkish forts at the mouth of the Dardenelles, in an abortive expedition to force the straits of Gallipoli. Winston Churchill was the architect of the disastrous campaign. Allied forces were evacuated at the end of the year after both sides had suffered appalling hardships and losses. In 2011 Peter Hart authored “Gallipoli."
    (HN, 2/19/99)(NW, 12/24/01, p.64)(Econ, 10/8/11, p.103)

1917        Feb 19, Carson McCuller, writer (The Heart is a Lonely Hunter), was born.
    (HN, 2/19/01)
1917        Feb 19, American troops were recalled from the Mexican border.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1919        Feb 19, The First Pan African Congress met in Paris, France.
    (HN, 2/19/99)

1921        Feb 19, Claude Rene Georges Pascal, composer, was born.
    (MC, 2/19/02)
1921        Feb 19, The U.S. Red Cross reported that approximately 20,000 children died yearly in auto accidents.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1923        Feb 19, Jean Sibelius' 6th Symphony premiered.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1925        Feb 19,  President Calvin Coolidge proposed the phasing out of inheritance tax.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1926        Feb 19, Dr. Lane of Princeton estimated the earth’s age at one billion years.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1929        Feb 19, A medical diathermy machine was 1st used in Schenectady, NY.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1930        Feb 19, John Frankenheimer (d.2002), Hollywood film director (Birdman of Alcatraz, The Train), was born in NYC.
    (SSFC, 7/7/02, p.A23)(MC, 2/19/02)

1932        Feb 19, Jean-Pierre Ponnele, opera director (Carmina Burana), was born in Paris, France.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1933        Feb 19, Herman Goring, Nazi Prussian minister, banned all Catholic newspapers.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1940        Feb 19, Smokey Robinson, American singer and songwriter, was born. He was famous for his songs "Tears of a Clown" and "Tracks of My Tears."
    (HN, 2/19/99)
1940        Feb 19, Saparmurad Niyazov, later president of Turkmenistan (1992-2006), was born.
    (, 12/29/06, p.A8)

1941        Feb 19, George Orwell published his essay “The Lion and the Unicorn: Socialism and the English Genius," expressing his opinions on the situation in wartime Britain.
    (Econ, 2/2/13, SR p.5)(
1941        Feb 19, Nazi police were attacked and driven away from Koco, Amsterdam by young Jews. Nazis raided Amsterdam and rounded up 429 young Jews for deportation.
    (MC, 2/19/02)
1941        Feb 19, Hamilton Harty (61), composer, conductor, died.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1942        Feb 19, Tommy Dorsey and his orchestra recorded "I'll Take Tallulah."
    (MC, 2/19/02)
1942        Feb 19, President Roosevelt signed executive order 9066 that gave the military the authority to relocate and intern Japanese-Americans. The order resulted in the incarceration of more than 110,000 Japanese-Americans living in California, Oregon, Washington and Arizona. By the end of March, 1942, the Japanese-Americans were moved to 10 relocation camps throughout the U.S.  interior. The mass expulsion of Japanese-Americans from the West Coast ended on January, 2, 1945. [see Feb 20]
    (AP, 2/20/98)(SFC, 2/19/98, p.A13)(HNQ, 9/3/99)
1942        Feb 19, Port Darwin, on the northern coast of Australia, was bombed by about 150 Japanese warplanes. General George C. Kenney, who pioneered aerial warfare strategy and tactics in the Pacific theater, ordered 3,000 parafrag bombs to be sent to Australia, where he thought they might come in handy against the Japanese. Darwin was virtually leveled by 64 bombing raids over 21 months.
    (AP, 2/19/98)(HN, 2/19/98)(SFEC, 9/10/00, p.T10)
1942        Feb 19, Japanese troops landed on Timor. Australian commandos battled the Japanese with support from local people. Japanese reprisals killed 60,000 civilians, 13% of the population.
    (SFC, 5/17/02, p.A15)(MC, 2/19/02)

1943        Feb 19, German tanks under brig. general Buelowius attacked Kasserine Pass, Tunisia.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1944        Feb 19, The U.S. Eighth Air Force and Royal Air Force began "Big Week," a series of heavy bomber attacks against German aircraft production facilities.
    (HN, 2/19/99)
1944        Feb 19, U-264 sank off Ireland.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1945        Feb 19, About 60,000 [75,000] US marines went ashore at Iwo Jima, an 8-sq. mile island of rock, volcanic ash and black sand. During World War II, some 30,000 U.S. Marines landed on Iwo Jima, where they began a month-long battle to seize control of the island from Japanese forces. The 36-day battle took the lives of 7,000 Americans and about 20,000 of 22,000 Japanese defenders.
    (SFC, 6/19/96, p.A20)(HN, 2/19/98)(AP, 2/19/98)(SFC, 9/21/00, p.C6)
1945        Feb 19, On Ramree Island off the coast of old Burma, some 900 Japanese soldiers retreated from British soldiers into an alligator filled swamp. Only about 20 men survived.
    (SFEC, 2/23/96, Z1 p.2)(MC, 2/19/02)
1945        Feb 19, Ivan Kozhedub of the Ukraine became the only Soviet pilot to shoot down a Messerschmitt Me-262 jet fighter and, on April 19, 1945, he downed two Focke-Wulf Fw-190s to bring his final tally to 62--the top Allied ace of the war. He was the Allies’ top ace and one of only two Soviet fighter pilots to be awarded the Gold Star of a Hero of the Soviet Union three times during World War II. Ironically prevented from fighting because his skill as a pilot made him more useful as an instructor, Kozhedub did not fly his first combat mission until March 26, 1943.
    (HNQ, 4//01)

1947        Feb 19, CBS radio premiere of Villa-Lobos' "Bachianas Brasilieras No 3."
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1949        Feb 19, Ezra Pound won the Bollingen Prize.
    (HFA, '96, p.24)
1949        Feb 19, Mass arrests of communists took place in India.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1951        Feb 19, Andre Paul-Guillaume Gide (b.1869), French novelist and critic, died. Andre Gide’s novels included "The Immoralist," "Straight Is the Gate," "Lafcadio's Adventures," "Corydon," "The Counterfeiters" and his explicit memoir "If It Die…" (1926). In 1999 Alan Sheridan published the biography "André Gide: A Life in the Present." Gide won the Nobel Prize in 1947. "There are very few monsters who warrant the fear we have of them." "Believe those who are seeking the truth; doubt those who find it." “The color of truth is gray."
    (AP, 10/31/97)(AP, 3/24/98)(SFEC, 6/28/98, Z1 p.8)(WSJ, 4/6/99, p.A24)(SFEC, 6/13/99, BR p.4)(MC, 11/22/01)

1952        Feb 19, Amy Tan, novelist (The Joy Luck Club, The Kitchen God’s Wife), was born.
    (HN, 2/19/01)
1952        Feb 19, There was a French offensive at Hanoi.
    (MC, 2/19/02)
1952        Feb 19, Knut Hamsun (b.1859), Norwegian writer, died. He won the Nobel Prize in literature in 1920. His work included "From the Cultural Life in Modern America" (1889), "Hunger," "The Growth of the Soil," "Victoria," and "An Overgrown Path." A film portrait of his life was produced in 1997. In 2009 Ingar Sletten Kolloen authored “Knut Hamsun: Dreamer and Dissenter."
    (SFEC, 4/20/97, DB p.47-49)(Econ, 11/7/09, p.79)

1953        Feb 19, William Inge's "Picnic," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 2/19/02)
1953        Feb 19, Georgia approved the 1st US literature censorship board.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1954        Feb 19, The Crimea was ceded to Ukraine as a gift from Russia by Nikita Khrushchev. In 2004 ethnic Russians made up a majority of the population.
    (, 12/21/04, p.A14)

1958        Feb 19, Rebecca ("Becky") Hoppe, founder of Soccer Moms of US, was born.
    (MC, 2/19/02)
1958        Feb 19, Hail the size of baseballs was reported with flash lightning over parts of Minneapolis.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1959        Feb 19, A USAF rocket-powered rail sled attained Mach 4.1 (4970 kph) in NM.
    (MC, 2/19/02)
1959        Feb 19, An agreement was signed by Britain, Turkey and Greece granting Cyprus its independence.
    (AP, 2/19/98)

1960        Feb 19, California Gov. Edmund G. Brown gave a 60-day stay of execution for San Quentin inmate Caryl Chessman (39), convicted sex offender and best-selling author, the Red Light Bandit." The governor hoped to quiet public sentiment in Latin America for Pres. Eisenhower’s impending visit.
    (SFC, 4/20/02, p.A23)(SSFC, 2/14/10, DB p.42)
1960        Feb 19, UC Regents retracted the following question from an English aptitude test for high school applicants: "What are the dangers to a democracy of a national police organization, like the FBI, which operates secretly and is unresponsive to public criticism." FBI director J. Edgar Hoover had organized a covert public relations campaign and put pressure on Gov. Brown to retract the question.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F3)
1960        Feb 19, Prince Andrew of Britain, Albert Christian Edward, Duke of York was born.
    (HN, 2/19/98)(MC, 2/19/02)

1963        Feb 19, The Soviet Union informed President Kennedy it would withdraw "several thousand" of an estimated 17,000 Soviet troops in Cuba.
    (AP, 2/19/98)

1965        Feb 19, Fourteen Vietnam War protesters were arrested for blocking U.N. doors in New York.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1966        Feb 19, Robert F. Kennedy suggested the U.S. offer the Vietcong a role in governing South Vietnam.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1968        Feb 19, The children's program Mister Rogers' Neighborhood, created by Fred Rogers (1928-2003), premiered on NET (later PBS).
1968        Feb 19, Mississippi state troopers used tear gas to stop Alcorn A&M demonstrations.

1969        Feb 19, Elvis Presley recorded the Eddie Rabbit song "Kentucky Rain."

1973        Feb 19, Joseph Szigeti (b.1892), Hungarian-born US violinist, died.

1976        Feb 19, Rick Stevens, lead vocalist of the Tower of Power, was arrested in San Jose, Ca., for his roll in a triple slaying after a drug deal went awry. Stevens spent 36 years behind bars before he was released on parole.
    (SFC, 1/29/13, p.E1)(
1976        Feb 19, Britain slashed welfare spending.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1981        Feb 19, The U.S. State Department called El Salvador a "textbook case" of a Communist plot.
    (HN, 2/19/98)
1981        Feb 19, George Harrison was ordered to pay ABKCO Music $587,000 for "subconscious plagiarism" in "My Sweet Lord" with "He's So Fine." The word plagiarism derives from Latin roots: plagiarius, an abductor; and plagiare, to steal.  An example of plagiarism would be copying this definition and pasting it straight into a report. Plagiarism is a very ancient art. Shakespeare stole most of his historical plots directly from Holinshed. Laurence Sterne and Samuel Taylor Coleridge were both accused of plagiarism. Oscar Wilde was repeatedly accused of plagiarism, hence the celebrated exchange with Whistler: "I wish I'd said that, James." "Don't worry, Oscar, you will."
    ( News from Jake Sigg, 9/10/09)

1983        Feb 19, A shooting at the Wah Mee gambling parlor in Seattle, Wa., left 13 men dead. Kwan-Fai Mak and Benjamin Ng were later found guilty on 13 murder counts.
    (SFC, 7/6/98, p.A7)(SFC, 4/16/07, p.A8)

1985        Feb 19, William Schroeder (d.1986) was the 1st artificial heart patient to leave hospital. He spent 15 minutes outside Humana Hospital in Louisville, Ky.
1985        Feb 19, Mickey Mouse was welcomed in China.
1985        Feb 19, 150 were killed when a Spanish jetliner crashed approaching Bilbao, Spain.

1986        Feb 19, The U.S. Senate approved a treaty outlawing genocide, 37 years after the pact had first been submitted for ratification.
    (AP, 2/19/98)
1986        Feb 19, Barry Seal (b.1939), gunrunner, drug trafficker, and covert CIA operative extraordinaire, was murdered in a hail of bullets by Medellin cartel hit men outside a Salvation Army shelter in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. He had testified in federal court in Las Vegas, Fort Lauderdale, and Miami for the US government against leaders of the Medellin drug cartel.
1986        Feb 19, In the SF Bay Area water breached a levee on the 8,800 acre Tyler Island wiping out crops and nearly destroying the Mello family’s farming business.
    (SFC, 1/2/09, p.A1)
1986        Feb 19, The Soviet Union launched the first component of its Mir space station. Mir meant peace.
    (WSJ, 6/27/97, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/5/98, p.W14)(SFC, 8/26/99, p.A12)
1986        Feb 19, Adolfo Celi (b.1922), Italian film actor and director (Thunderball), died.

1987        Feb 19, An anti-smoking ad aired for the 1st time on TV and featured Yul Brynner (1920-1985), who had died of lung cancer.
1987        Feb 19, Pres. Reagan lifted remaining economic sanctions against Poland.
1987        Feb 19, New York Governor Mario Cuomo declared that he would not run for president in the next election.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1988        Feb 19, A group calling itself the "Organization of the Oppressed on Earth" claimed responsibility for the kidnapping in Lebanon of U.S. Marine Lt. Col. William R. Higgins. Higgins was later slain by his captors.
    (AP, 2/19/98)

1989        Feb 19, Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini rejected the apology of "Satanic Verses" author Salman Rushdie, exhorting Muslims to "send him to hell" for committing blasphemy.
    (AP, 2/19/99)

1990        Feb 19, US Defense Secretary Dick Cheney, snubbed by Philippine President Corazon Aquino, met in Manila with Defense Minister Fidel Ramos to discuss the future of U.S. bases in the country.
    (AP, 2/19/00)
1990        Feb 19, Michael Powell (84), English director (Life & Death of Col Blimp), died.

1991        Feb 19, President Bush told reporters a Soviet proposal to end the Persian Gulf War fell “well short of what would be required." Russian Federation President Boris Yeltsin delivered an unprecedented public appeal for Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev to resign.
    (AP, 2/19/01)

1992        Feb 19, "Crazy For You" opened at Shubert Theater in NYC for 1622 performances.
1992        Feb 19, The US Labor Department reported consumer prices rose by just 0.1 percent in January.
    (AP, 2/19/02)
1992        Feb 19, Peter Collins of Boulder, Colo., discovered Nova Cygni 1992.
1992        Feb 19, Former Irish Republican Army member Joseph Doherty was deported from the United States to Northern Ireland following a 10-year battle for political asylum.
    (AP, 2/19/02)

1993        Feb 19, President Clinton's economic plan won praise from Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan. The president, visiting Hyde Park, N.Y., suggested the United States might have to consider a national sales tax "not too long in the future," then said he'd meant in 10 years or so.
    (AP, 2/19/98)
1993        Feb 19, Gerhard Gesell (82), judge (Pentagon Papers), died of liver cancer.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1994        Feb 19, American speedskater Bonnie Blair won the fourth Olympic gold medal of her career as she won the 500-meter race in Lillehammer, Norway.
    (AP, 2/19/99)
1994        Feb 19, With Bosnian Serbs facing a NATO deadline to withdraw heavy weapons encircling Sarajevo or face air strikes, President Clinton delivered an address from the Oval Office reaffirming the ultimatum.
    (AP, 2/19/99)

1995        Feb 19, A day after being named the new chairwoman of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Myrlie Evers-Williams outlined her plans for revitalizing the civil rights organization, saying she intended to take the group back to its roots.
    (AP, 2/19/00)
1995        Feb 19, Calder Willingham (b.1922), novelist, scriptwriter (The Graduate), died of lung cancer in New Hampshire.

1996        Feb 19, Pres. Clinton told Monica Lewinsky that their relationship must end. It was later resumed.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.A13)
1996        Feb 19, Republican presidential hopefuls argued taxes, trade and negative ads in a final burst of contentious campaigning on the eve of New Hampshire’s leadoff primary, with Bob Dole the principal target.
    (AP, 2/19/01)
1996        Feb 19, Charlie O. Finley (77), baseball showman, died in Chicago.
    (AP, 2/19/07)

1997        Feb 19, The US FCC made available 311 for non-emergency calls & 711 for hearing or speech-impaired emergency calls.
1997        Feb 19, Detroit's daily newspapers accepted a back-to-work offer from employees who'd been on strike for 19 months, but the strikers charged the conditions for return amounted to a lockout.
    (AP, 2/19/98)
1997        Feb 19, In southwestern Alaska Evan Ramsey (16) opened fire with a 12-gauge shotgun as students assembled in a high school lobby, killing a principal and 16-year-old classmate in Bethel, a town of 6,000. Ramsey was sentenced to a 198-year prison term.
    (AP, 4/25/06)(
1997        Feb 19, Larry Singleton murdered Roxanne Hayes, a prostitute, in Tampa, Fla. He had served 8 years of a 14-year sentence for the 1978 rape and maiming of 15-year-old Mary Vincent in Ca. A trial in Dec ended in a mistrial and another was set for 1998. He was sentenced to death in 1998 but died of cancer in a prison hospital in 2001.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.A3)(SFC, 4/15/98, p.A3)(SFC, 1/1/02, p.A13)
1997        Feb 19, Prof. James J. Parsons, authority on the historical geography of Latin America, died. He authored 5 books and 150 articles.
    (SFC, 2/27/97, p.A16)
1997        Feb 19, Leo Rosten (88), writer, humorist (Joys of Yiddish), died.
1997        Feb 19, Deng Xiaoping (92), the last of China's major Communist revolutionaries, died from Parkinson’s disease. He smoked heavily and Panda was his brand. In 2011 Ezra Vogel authored “Deng Xiaoping and the Transformation of China."
     (AP, 2/19/98)(WSJ, 5/26/04, p.A1)(Econ, 10/22/11, p.103)

1998        Feb 19, At the Nagano Olympics, Austrian Hermann Maier won the men's giant slalom while Hilde Gerg of Germany won the women's slalom.
    (AP, 2/19/99)
1998        Feb 19, Federal officials in Henderson, Nevada, arrested Larry Wayne Harris and William Job Leavitt for possession of suspected anthrax bacterium. Harris had earlier published the 131-page book: "Bacteriological Warfare: A Major Threat to North America." The substance turned out to be a harmless veterinary vaccine. Harris was later sentenced to 6 months probation.
    (SFC, 2/20/98, p.A1,8)(SFEC, 2/22/98, p.A11)(SFC, 3/25/98, p.A3)
1998        Feb 19, Scientists reported the discovery of the brain’s hunger hormone. It was named “orexin" after the Greek word “orexis" meaning hunger.
    (SFC, 2/20/98, p.A11)
1998        Feb 19, In Columbia Jose Nelson Urrego, aka “El Loco" and the purported head of the so-called Cartel del Norte del Valle, was arrested.
    (SFC, 2/20/98, p.A14)
1998        Feb 19, In Georgia gunmen kidnapped 4 UN observers and 6 civilians and demanded the release of 7 suspects held for last week’s assassination attempt on Pres. Shevardnadze.
    (WSJ, 2/20/98, p.A1)
1998        Feb 19, In Indonesia 3 Chinese tycoons led by Liem Sioe Liong, the No. 1 individual taxpayer, started a huge food giveaway to the poor. In Kendari mobs attacked Chinese-owned shops and homes. In Jakarta some 600 students demanded that the government quit.
    (SFC, 2/20/98, p.A12)(WSJ, 2/20/98, p.A1)
1998        Feb 19, U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan set out for Iraq on a last-chance peace mission, saying he was "reasonably optimistic" about ending the standoff over weapons inspections without the use of force.
    (AP, 2/19/99)
1998        Feb 19, North Korean officials sent letters to South Korea offering talks between political parties and civic groups.
    (SFC, 2/20/98, p.A12)
1998        Feb 19, In Pakistan Kanwar Ahson was arrested in Karachi, a Mohajir-dominated city of 14 million, for having sex outside of marriage with his lover Riffat Afridi, who was in hiding. The couple were of rival ethnic groups and the Afridi’s father refused to allow them to marry. They married last week and set off a riot where 2 people were killed and 8 injured.
    (SFC, 2/20/98, p.A14)
1998        Feb 19, In Switzerland police arrested 3 Israeli Mossad agents for spying on diplomats in Bern.
    (SFC, 2/26/98, p.A9)

1999        Feb 19, President Clinton posthumously pardoned Henry O. Flipper, the first black graduate of West Point, whose military career was tarnished by a racially motivated discharge.
    (AP, 2/19/00)
1999        Feb 19, The US Commerce Dept. reported that the 1998 trade deficit soared to $168.8 billion.
    (SFC, 2/19/99, p.A1)
1999        Feb 19, OSHA proposed an ergonomics standard after 8 years of study.
    (SFC, 2/19/99, p.A6)
1999        Feb 19, Ohio inmate Wilford Berry, "The Volunteer", became the first inmate to be executed in Ohio since 1963.
1999        Feb 19, It was reported that Chilean Cabernet Sauvignon helped reduce the risk of cancer due to its high content of flavonols.
    (SFC, 2/19/99, p.A12)
1999        Feb 19, In Allentown, Pa., An explosion at a chemical processing plant in the Lehigh Valley Industrial Park killed 5 people and injured 14.
    (SFEC, 2/21/99, p.A7)(WSJ, 2/22/99, p.A1)
1999        Feb 19, In Sylacauga, Alabama, Billy Jack Gaither (39), a textile warehouse worker, was abducted, beaten to death with an ax handle and burned on a pyre of tires due to a sexual advance. Steven Eric Mullins (25) and Charles Monroe Butler Jr. (21) were later arrested and charged with murder. Butler was convicted in 1999 and sentenced to life in prison without parole.
    (SFC, 3/5/99, p.A1)(SFC, 6/25/99, p.A3)(SFC, 8/6/99, p.A3)
1999        Feb 19, In Najaf, Iraq, Shiite Grand Ayatollah Mohammed Sadiq al-Sader was killed with his 2 sons in a drive-by shooting. Dissidents blamed the government and said riots followed the killings. The government denied any disturbances.
    (SFEC, 2/20/99, p.A23)
1999        Feb 19, In Japan the lower house passed a record $682.5 billion budget with huge spending increases and tax cuts.
    (SFC, 2/20/99, p.B1)

2000        Feb 19, George W. Bush beat Sen. John McCain in the South Carolina Republican primary 53% to 42%.
    (SFEC, 2/20/00, p.A1,6)
2000        Feb 19, Friedensreich Hundertwasser (b.1928), Austrian architect and artist, died. "If man walks in nature's midst, then he is nature's guest and must learn to behave as a well-brought-up guest," shortened a bit in popular literature to “You are a guest of Nature. Behave."
2000        Feb 19, It was reported that physicists from Italy and China had described the possible detection of a neutralino particle, also called a weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP). Such particles were suspected to make up the mysterious dark matter and the vast majority of all matter in the universe. On Feb 25 physicists from Stanford reported evidence that seemed to contradict the Italian and Chinese findings.
    (SFC, 2/19/00, p.A1,13)(SFC, 2/26/00, p.A3)
2000        Feb 19, It was reported that some 200 people had died in East Timor, mostly women and children, in the last week due to illnesses attributed to sanitation problems caused by recent flooding.
    (SFC, 2/19/00, p.C1)
2000        Feb 19, In Mexico people in Tepatepec, Hidalgo, captured at least 65 policemen after state police raided the El Mexe Rural Teachers College. The police were later freed after the release of hundreds of students and supporters.
    (SFC, 2/21/00, p.A10)

2001        Feb 19, President George W. Bush opened a museum commemorating the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing.
    (AP, 2/19/02)
2001        Feb 19, Stanley Kramer (b.1913), Hollywood film producer and director, died in Woodland Hills, Ca., at age 87. His work included 35 films.
    (SFC, 2/21/01, p.A18)(AP, 2/19/02)(NW, 12/31/01, p.107)
2001        Feb 19, In Britain an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease was found in 27 pigs at a slaughterhouse in Essex. The last outbreak was in 1981. The outbreak was 1st identified in pigs at Heddon-on-the-Wall.
    (SFC, 2/21/01, p.A12)(SFC, 3/31/01, p.D8)
2001        Feb 19, In Burma a helicopter crash killed junta Lt. Gen. Tin Oo (67) and left 14 missing.
    (SFC, 2/20/01, p.A10)
2001        Feb 19, In the West Bank Mahmoud Madani (25), a Hamas activist, was shot to death from long range.
    (SFC, 2/20/01, p.A9)
2001        Feb 19, In the Philippines Pres. Arroyo announced a cease-fire with southern separatists. She hoped Mindanao rebels would reciprocate. Separately 10 people drowned and a dozen were missing when their illegal ferry capsized as they tried to reach Malaysia for work.
    (SFC, 2/20/01, p.A9)

2002        Feb 19, President Bush opened a two-day visit to South Korea. Bush urged the “despotic regime" in North Korea to reunite with the free South.
    (SFC, 2/20/02, p.A14)(AP, 2/19/07)
2002        Feb 19, The US Supreme Court ok’d peer grading in schools.
    (SFC, 2/20/02, p.A3)
2002        Feb 19, In Salt Lake City, a win by bobsledders Jill Bakken and Vonetta Flowers gave the United States 21 medals in the Winter Games; Flowers became the first black athlete ever to strike gold at the Winter Olympics.
    (AP, 2/19/07)
2002        Feb 19, A suit was filed on behalf of 3 detainees, one Australian and 2 British citizens, held at Guantanamo, Cuba.
    (SFC, 2/19/02, p.A10)
2002        Feb 19, In Bolivia a flash flood in La Paz killed at least 22 people. The death toll later climbed to 52.
    (SFC, 2/20/02, p.A11)(SFC, 2/21/02, p.A13)
2002        Feb 19, In Cairo, Egypt, an overcrowded train en route from Cairo to the southern city of Luxor burst into flames from a gas cannister. It then traveled 2 1/2 miles before the driver stopped. 361 people were killed.
    (SFC, 2/20/02, p.A9)(SFC, 2/21/02, p.A8)(AFP, 5/27/04)
2002        Feb 19, In Germany a man, who recently lost his job, killed 2 ex-bosses and the principal of his former high school in Freising.
    (WSJ, 2/20/02, p.A1)
2002        Feb 19, Israeli-Palestinian fighting left 15 people dead. 6 Israeli soldiers died at a checkpoint.
    (SFC, 2/20/02, p.A8)(SFC, 2/21/02, p.A1)
2002        Feb 19, Italian authorities arrested 4 Moroccans in Rome, members of the Salafist Group for Call and Combat. Maps were found of the US Embassy, small quantities of cyanide, and a map of the city’s water system.
    (SFC, 2/21/02, p.A16)
2002        Feb 19, In Jordan a military prosecutor froze the assets of some prominent businessmen and former intelligence officials. Fraudulent loans were reported to be as much as $85 million.
    (WSJ, 2/20/02, p.A18)
2002        Feb 19, In Liberia rebels were repelled at Heindi and Bong Mines, 20 miles northeast of Monrovia, as some 15,000 civilians fled.
    (SFC, 2/21/02, p.A13)
2002        Feb 19, It was reported that Pakistan had begun disbanding the Afghan and Kashmir units of its Inter-Services Intelligence agency.
    (SFC, 2/20/02, p.A14)
2002        Feb 19, Peru's justice minister ruled out a presidential pardon for Lori Berenson after the Supreme Court confirmed the American woman's 20-year sentence for aiding leftist rebels.
    (AP, 2/19/07)
2002        Feb 19, In Saudi Arabia some 2 million Muslims gathered in Mecca for the annual hajj.
    (SFC, 2/20/02, p.A11)

2003        Feb 19, Missouri Rep. Dick Gephardt announced his second candidacy for president with a pledge to repeal most of President Bush's tax cuts.
    (AP, 2/19/04)
2003        Feb 19, In San Francisco Armando Arce (26) was gunned down as he walked at Willow and Polk streets. In 2009 Joeven Bowen was charged with Arce’s murder. Bowen was alleged to have accompanied members of Oakland’s Nut Case gang, which was involved with 2 murders earlier in the day. On Feb 14, 2011, Bowen was convicted of first-degree murder.
    (SFC, 9/9/09, p.D1)(SFC, 2/15/11, p.C2)
2003          Feb 19, Armenia held national elections. Pres. Kocharian was being challenged by 8 contenders who criticized his failure to secure a final deal with Azerbaijan over the Armenian-populated enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh. He also faced accusations over about 30 unresolved political killings in recent years and the widening gap between rich and poor in this nation of 3.3 million people. Kocharian failed to win the necessary 50 % of votes for re-election, forcing a runoff in balloting that the opposition complained was rigged.
    (AP, 2/19/03)(AP, 2/20/03)
2003          Feb 19, In Bolivia Pres. de Lozada announced a new Cabinet, replacing eight ministers and eliminating six ministries.
    (AP, 2/20/03)
2003          Feb 19, China outlined plans for an enormous, 30-50 year project to carry water from the country’s water-saturated south to its arid north. The project was 1st conceived by Mao Zedong in the 1950s.
    (AP, 2/19/03)(SSFC, 9/5/04, p.A16)
2003          Feb 19, In Germany Mounir el Motassadeq (28) was sentenced to the maximum 15 years in prison for helping the Hamburg-based al-Qaida terror cell in the 9/11 attacks on the US.
    (AP, 2/19/03)
2003          Feb 19, An Iranian military plane carrying 275 members of the elite Revolutionary Guards crashed in southeastern Iran, killing all on board.
    (WSJ, 2/20/03, p.A1)(AP, 2/19/08)
2003          Feb 19, Israeli tanks and soldiers battled Palestinian militants in the streets of Gaza City before dawn in violence that left 11 Palestinians dead, including a suicide bomber who tried to blow up a tank. Hamas fired 4 Qassam rockets into Sderot in retaliation.
    (AP, 2/19/03)(SFC, 2/20/03, A6)
2003          Feb 19, NATO approved the deployment of defense equipment to Turkey in the event of a war in Iraq. Turkey and the US failed again to agree on the size of an economic aid package.
    (AP, 2/19/03)
2003          Feb 19, In Pakistan heavy rains fell for a 5th day and left over 26 people dead. The country had experienced 5 years of drought.
    (SFC, 2/20/03, A9)
2003          Feb 19, In the southern Philippines suspected separatist rebels attacked Poblacion. They rounded up some villagers and gunned down 14 people.
    (AP, 2/20/03)
2003          Feb 19, In Venezuela the secret police (DISIP) arrested Carlos Fernandez, head of the largest business federation, for his role in the general strike.
    (SFC, 2/21/03, A10)

2004        Feb 19, The AFL-CIO endorsed Democrat John Kerry for president.
    (AP, 2/19/05)
2004        Feb 19, After sanctioning more than 2,800 gay marriages, the city of San Francisco sued the state of California, challenging its ban on same-sex marriages.
    (AP, 2/19/05)
2004        Feb 19, Jeffrey Skilling, former CEO of Enron, pleaded not guilty to 35 felony charges and was released after posting a $5 million bail.
    (SFC, 2/20/04, p.B1)
2004        Feb 19, It was announced that Philip Anschutz (64), Denver billionaire and founder of Qwest Communications, purchased the Fang newspapers including the SF Examiner for $20 million.
    (SFC, 2/21/04, p.A1)
2004        Feb 19, In Canada bird flu was detected at a chicken producer in the Fraser Valley near Vancouver. By the end of April some 19 million birds were culled, But the disease continued to spread.
    (ST, 4/30/04, p.A3)
2004        Feb 19, In Iraq an explosion ripped through an infantry patrol in an insurgent center west of Baghdad, killing two U.S. soldiers and injuring another.
    (AP, 2/19/04)
2004        Feb 19, In Kenya a fire raced through a Nairobi slum, destroying hundreds of ramshackle tin and timber houses and leaving 4,500 families homeless.
    (AP, 2/20/04)
2004        Feb 19, A Japanese consortium announced it will develop an Iranian oil field with reserves of up to 26 billion barrels. The deal was opposed by the United States because of fears the money could go to nuclear proliferation.
    (AP, 2/19/04)

2005        Feb 19, The $3.2 billion USS Jimmy Carter entered the Navy's fleet as the most heavily armed submarine ever built, and as the last of the Seawolf class of attack subs that the Pentagon ordered during the Cold War's final years.
    (AP, 2/19/05)
2005        Feb 19, In Arkansas a train slammed into an ambulance that apparently tried to get out of its path, but stopped at a rail crossing, killing all three paramedics on board. The patient in the vehicle survived.
    (AP, 2/20/05)
2005        Feb 19, In Bangladesh a double-decker passenger ferry capsized and sank during a tropical storm, leaving at least 151 people dead. The MV Maharaj was carrying about 200 people when it capsized on the Buriganga River just outside Dhaka.
    (AP, 2/21/05)(AP, 2/22/05)
2005        Feb 19, China's state news said North Korea no longer wants to negotiate with the US and 4 other nations in an effort to ease the standoff over Pyongyang's nuclear program.
    (AP, 2/19/05)
2005        Feb 19, About half a million hunters and supporters rallied across England and Wales in a massive display of force against a new fox hunting ban.
    (AP, 2/19/05)
2005        Feb 19, In Haiti heavily armed gunmen attacked the national penitentiary, killing one guard in a shootout that allowed some 500 prisoners to escape.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 19, Eight suicide bombings in Baghdad and other parts of Iraq killed over 50 people, including a US soldier, and injured 150 as Shiite Muslim worshippers around the country celebrated Ashura, their holiest day of the year.
    (AP, 2/19/05)(SSFC, 2/20/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 19, Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi and Egyptian Pres. Hosni Mubarak backed an African solution to the crisis in Sudan's Darfur region during 2 rounds of talks in Cairo.
    (AFP, 2/19/05)
2005        Feb 19, Nigerian soldiers, sailors and police descended on Odioma to hunt down a local militia leader and black magic guru who was accused of murdering 12 people from Obiaku. 28 people killed and Odioma was burned down by government troops.
    (AP, 3/21/05)
2005        Feb 19, Former Presidents George H.W. Bush and Bill Clinton visited a Thai fishing village that had been devastated by the December 2005 tsunami.
    (AP, 2/19/06)
2005        Feb 19, In Trinidad security chiefs from 34 countries in the Americas outlined broad strategies for fighting money laundering, passport fraud and drug smuggling, warning that Islamic terrorists could exploit lawlessness in the region to raise money and slip through borders.
    (AP, 2/19/05)

2006        Feb 19, Jimmie Johnson won the Daytona 500.
    (AP, 2/19/07)
2006        Feb 19, The East rallied from 21 points down for a 122-120 victory over the West in the NBA All-Star Game.
    (AP, 2/19/07)
2006        Feb 19, In southern Afghanistan Taliban rebels attacked a police checkpost in insurgency-hit, killing three policemen.
    (AFP, 2/19/06)
2006        Feb 19, Almost five months after publishing 12 cartoons of the prophet to highlight what it described as self-censorship, Denmark’s Jyllands-Posten newspaper printed a full-page apology in a Saudi-owned pan-Arab newspaper.
    (AFP, 2/19/06)
2006        Feb 19, French President Jacques Chirac arrived in India for a whistle-stop visit aimed at bolstering trade and civilian nuclear cooperation with the emerging economic powerhouse.
    (AP, 2/19/06)
2006        Feb 19, Jacques Bernard, the head of Haiti's electoral council, fled the country after opponents threatened his life and burned down his farmhouse nearly two weeks after disputed elections.
    (AP, 2/20/06)
2006        Feb 19, India and France both confirmed their first outbreak of the deadly strain of bird flu among fowl. Health officials and farm workers in western India began slaughtering a half-million birds to check the spread of the disease.
    (AP, 2/19/06)
2006        Feb 19, India's private Kingfisher Airlines signed a deal to purchase 15 French ATR 72-500 aircraft for 270 million dollars, with the option to buy another 20. Kingfisher began operations in May and has a 7.6 percent share of the domestic market.
    (AP, 2/19/06)
2006        Feb 19, In western India a bomb exploded at a railway station in Ahmadabad, injuring at least 13 people.
    (AP, 2/19/06)
2006        Feb 19, Gunmen ambushed a convoy of trucks carrying construction material to US military north of Baghdad, killing four Iraqi drivers. A police general also died in a roadside bombing in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 2/19/06)
2006        Feb 19, Israel's Cabinet approved an immediate freeze on the transfer of hundreds of millions of dollars in tax money to the Palestinians in its first response to the takeover of the Palestinian parliament by the militant group Hamas.
    (AP, 2/19/06)
2006        Feb 19, Amr Moussa, the head of the Arab League, said that members would meet this week to hammer out a plan for sending millions of dollars a month to the Palestinian Authority, despite US attempts to stop the flow of money to the new Hamas-led government.
    (AP, 2/19/06)
2006        Feb 19, An Israeli aircraft attacked two Palestinians laying a bomb near the Gaza-Israel border fence. Palestinians said two militants were killed.
    (AP, 2/19/06)
2006        Feb 19, A gas explosion in a northern Mexico coal mine trapped 65 miners some 600 feet below ground with a limited supply of oxygen. In 2007 a judge ordered the arrest of 5 mine managers and inspectors on charges of negligent homicide in the deaths of the miners.
    (AP, 2/19/06)(WSJ, 2/21/06, p.A1)(AP, 3/20/07)
2006        Feb 19, Ismail Haniyeh (46), a Gaza lawmaker seen as a leader of Hamas' pragmatic wing, was nominated to be Palestinian prime minister.
    (AP, 2/19/06)
2006        Feb 19, Pakistani security forces arrested hundreds of Islamic hard-liners, virtually sealed off the capital and used gunfire and tear gas to quell protests against caricatures of the Prophet Muhammad.
    (AP, 2/20/06)
2006        Feb 19, Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf arrived in China on a visit that analysts said would focus on anti-terrorism cooperation, trade and technological assistance.
    (AFP, 2/19/06)
2006        Feb 19, In Peru Hector Aponte, a Shining Path guerrilla commander believed responsible for an ambush that killed eight policemen in December, was killed in a shootout with authorities in the Huallaga Valley. Aponte was a top commander under Comrade Artemio, one of the last original Shining Path leaders still at large.
    (AP, 2/20/06)

2007        Feb 19, New Jersey became the 3rd US state to offer civil unions for gay couples.
    (SFC, 2/20/07, p.A3)
2007        Feb 19, XM Satellite Radio Holdings and Sirius Satellite Radio Inc. announced an agreement to merge as equals. Sirius planned to XM shareholders $4.57 billion in stock.
    (SFC, 2/20/07, p.C1)
2007        Feb 19, Actress Janet Blair (85) died in Santa Monica, Calif.
    (AP, 2/19/08)
2007        Feb 19, In Afghanistan suspected Taliban insurgents briefly captured Bakwa, a small town in Farah province after police abandoned their posts.
    (AP, 2/19/07)
2007        Feb 19, An official said Algeria has translated the Koran into the Berber language, Tamazight, for the first time, to promote Islam among a community that has long campaigned for more language and cultural rights.
    (Reuters, 2/19/07)
2007        Feb 19, British police arrested a man near Cambridge in connection with a series of letter bombs sent to offices linked to traffic enforcement. On Feb 22 Miles Cooper (22), a primary school caretaker, was charged with 12 offences under the Explosive Substances Act and the Offences Against the Person Act.
    (AP, 2/19/07)(AFP, 2/23/07)
2007        Feb 19, Canada unexpectedly granted permanent resident status to Amir Kazemian (41), an Iranian, man who spent nearly three years in sanctuary in a Vancouver church before being arrested over the weekend. The Citizenship and Immigration officials granted him residency on humanitarian and compassionate grounds.
    (AP, 2/19/07)
2007        Feb 19, Maria Consuelo Araujo, Colombia’s foreign minister, resigned as a growing scandal linking the political establishment and far-right paramilitaries claimed its first member of President Alvaro Uribe's Cabinet. 4 days earlier her brother, a senator, was jailed on charges of colluding with the paramilitaries and the kidnapping of a potential political rival. 2 clowns were shot and killed by an unidentified gunman during their performance of Circo del Sol de Cali, a traveling circus, in the eastern town of Cucuta.
    (AP, 2/19/07)(Reuters, 2/22/07)
2007        Feb 19, Police found the charred bodies of three Salvadoran representatives to the Central American Parliament and their driver on a rural road outside Guatemala City.
    (AP, 2/20/07)
 2007        Feb 19, In Iraq gunmen ambushed a minivan on the main highway from Baghdad to Anbar. The attackers accused the 13 aboard of opposing al-Qaida in Iraq. All 13 were executed, including an elderly woman and two boys. A string of car bombings and other attacks claimed more than 40 civilian lives in Baghdad and elsewhere. Insurgents launched a brazen coordinated attack on a US combat post near Tarmiyah, sending in a suicide bomber and clashing with American troops. Six US service members were killed.
    (AP, 2/19/07)(AP, 2/20/07)(AP, 2/25/07)
2007        Feb 19, Three-way talks between Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and Israeli and Palestinian leaders, initially billed as a new US push to restart peace efforts, ended with little progress other than a commitment to meet again.
    (AP, 2/19/08)
2007        Feb 19, Mexican President Felipe Calderon announced that soldiers waging an offensive against drug traffickers will get a pay hike of 45 percent this year in a bid to insulate them from corruption. This coincided with a decision to lower his own pay by 10% and abolish pensions for Mexican presidents.
    (AP, 2/19/07)(SSFC, 7/8/07, p.A7)
2007        Feb 19, In Pakistan suspected Islamic militants killed an Afghan refugee they accused of spying for the US and dumped his beheaded body by a road in North Waziristan.
    (AP, 2/20/07)
2007        Feb 19, Daniel Petru Corogeanu, a Romanian priest, was sentenced to 14 years in prison. In 2005 he had led a dayslong exorcism ritual with 4 nuns for Maricica Irina Cornici (23), a young nun, that ended with the woman's death. One of the nuns, Nicoleta Arcalianu, was sentenced to eight years in prison, and the other three, Adina Cepraga, Elena Otel and Simona Bardanas, received five-year sentences.
    (AP, 2/19/07)
2007        Feb 19, Gen. Nikolai Solovtsov, a top Russian general, warned that Poland and the Czech Republic risk being targeted by Russian missiles if they agree to host a proposed US missile defense system.
    (AP, 2/19/07)
2007        Feb 19, Rwanda released 8,000 prisoners accused of involvement in the country's 1994 genocide, prompting anger from survivors of the slaughter who fear new ethnic killings.
    (AP, 2/19/07)
2007        Feb 19, A Saudi court ordered the bodies of four Sri Lankans to be displayed in a public square after being beheaded for armed robbery.
    (AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 19, Anglican leaders in Tanzania demanded that the US Episcopal Church unequivocally bar official prayers for gay couples and the consecration of more gay bishops to undo the damage that North Americans have caused the Anglican family.
    (AP, 2/20/07)
2007        Feb 19, In Thailand violence continued as bombs exploded at four locations in the south, killing an army major and wounding two soldiers, three policemen and 13 civilians.
    (AP, 2/19/07)
2007        Feb 19, Military officials said ongoing clashes between the Yemeni army and followers of a Shiite rebel leader in the north of the country have killed more than 100 people in the past five days.
    (AP, 2/19/07)
2007        Feb 19, The EU extended sanctions on Zimbabwe for another year including an arms embargo, travel ban and asset freeze on President Robert Mugabe and other top officials.
    (AP, 2/19/07)

2008        Feb 19, President George W. Bush paid somber homage to the estimated 800,000 killed in Rwanda's 1994 genocide and urged global action to end the bloodshed in Sudan's Darfur region "once and for all."
    (AP, 2/19/08)
2008        Feb 19, Barack Obama won Wisconsin (58%) and Hawaii (76%) adding to a primary season winning streak that now totals 10. This put Hillary Rodham Clinton into a virtual must-win scenario in Democratic contests coming early next month in Texas and Ohio.
    (AP, 2/20/08)(SFC, 2/21/08, p.A10)
2008        Feb 19, The SF-based Sharper Image retailer filed for bankruptcy protection. The 184-store chain planned to close 96 stores nationwide. The Sharper Image brand name was later sold to Hilco Organization and Gordon Brothers Group LLC for $33 million in partnership with Windsong Brands LLC and Bluestar Alliance.
    (SFC, 3/8/08, p.C1)(SSFC, 6/29/08, p.C5)
2008        Feb 19, In southwestern Minnesota a driving a van crashed into a school bus, killing four students. Olga Marino Franco del Cid (24) of Minneota, was later charged in state court with four counts of criminal vehicular homicide. Federal prosecutors later filed identity theft charges against the woman, who had identified herself as Alianiss Nunez-Morales. Immigration investigators said they found the real Nunez-Morales in Connecticut.
    (AP, 3/1/08)
2008        Feb 19, In southern Afghanistan a car bomb exploded near a police compound, killing at least one person and wounding four.
    (AP, 2/19/08)
2008        Feb 19, The African Union extended by two months sanctions slapped on the rebellious Comoran isle of Anjouan in the Indian Ocean.
    (AFP, 2/19/08)
2008        Feb 19, Armenians voted for a new president. PM Serzh Sarkisian (Sargsyan), given credit for rising living standards, won with 53% of the vote, enough to avert a runoff with rival Levon Ter-Petrosian (21%).
    (Reuters, 2/19/08)(Econ, 2/23/08, p.70)(Econ, 10/18/08, p.38)
2008        Feb 19, In England Karen Matthews reported that her daughter was missing in the Yorkshire town of Dewsbury. Shannon (9) was found safely 24 days later in the base of a divan bed at the flat of Michael Donovan. On Dec 4 Karen Matthews (33) and Michael Donovan (40) were found guilty of kidnapping. The mother allegedly hoped to scoop the reward money when the girl was found.
    (AP, 12/4/08)
2008        Feb 19, Canada’s province of British Columbia announced its intention to implement a carbon tax of $10 per ton of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) emissions (2.41 cents per liter on gasoline) beginning July 1, 2008, making BC the first North American jurisdiction to implement such a tax.
2008        Feb 19, An ailing, 81-year-old Fidel Castro resigned as Cuba's president after nearly a half-century in power, saying he will not accept a new term when parliament meets Feb 24.
    (AP, 2/19/08)
2008        Feb 19, A Japanese navy destroyer equipped with advanced radar plowed into a fishing boat off the Pacific coast, splitting the boat in two and plunging two fishermen into the chilly waters. The men remained missing.
    (AP, 2/19/08)
2008        Feb 19, Japan’s Toshiba Corp. announced it would no longer develop, make or market high-definition HD DVD players and recorders, conceding defeat to the competing Blu-Ray technology backed by Sony Corp.
    (AP, 2/19/08)
2008        Feb 19, Myanmar's ruling junta said the country's new draft constitution, which will replace one scrapped in 1988, has been completed.
    (AP, 2/19/08)
2008        Feb 19, Pakistan's ruling party conceded defeat after opposition parties routed allies of President Pervez Musharraf in parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 2/19/08)
2008        Feb 19, Serbs set off sporadic explosions and torched checkpoints between Serbia and Kosovo to protest Kosovo's declaration of independence and international recognition of the new nation.
    (AP, 2/19/08)
2008        Feb 19, In Thailand Glenn Richard Allen (61), an American man was sentenced, to 16 years in prison for raping a 13-year-old girl and sexually abusing a second teenager in Pattaya, a Thai seaside resort town notorious for its sex industry.
    (AP, 2/19/08)
2008        Feb 19, The body of a teenage girl was found hanging in the woods of a Welsh village, and authorities said it was the 17th young suicide in just over a year near one town in South Wales.
    (AP, 2/20/08)

2009        Feb 19, Barack Obama made his first foreign trip as president to Canada where he sought to quell Canadian concerns about US protectionism.
    (AP, 2/19/09)
2009        Feb 19, The DJIA fell 89.68 to 7465.95, a new 6-year low.
    (WSJ, 2/20/09, p.A1)
2009        Feb 19, The California state Senate approved a long-awaited budget intended to wipe out a $42 billion deficit, possibly steering the state clear of a fiscal disaster.
    (AP, 2/19/09)
2009        Feb 19, Banking giant UBS said it has agreed to pay $780 million and turn over once-secret Swiss banking records to settle allegations it conspired to defraud the US government of taxes owed by thousands of American clients.
    (AP, 2/19/09)
2009        Feb 19, In Daly City, Ca., a car with 4 friends was sprayed by gun fire on John Daly Blvd., near the BART station. Moises Frias Jr. (21), a student at City College, was killed. Two men in a sedan escaped. The 4 friends had no known gang affiliations. Police later arrested Luis Herrera (18) and Danilo Velasquez (28), members of the MS-13 gang, for their participation in the murder. Jaime Balam (20), a 3rd gang member was being sought. He was deported to Mexico 8 days after the shooting, but before being identified as a suspect. In 2011 Herrera pleaded guilty to racketeering and conspiracy after federal prosecutors agreed to drop a murder charge. Velasquez was convicted of racketeering and conspiracy.
    (SFC, 2/25/09, p.B2)(SFC, 7/10/09, p.D1)(SFC, 11/11/11, p.C3)(SFC, 11/30/11, p.C2)
2009        Feb 19, In Pennsylvania Roger Leon Barlow (19) was charged with setting 9 fires in arson-prone Coatesville, 35 miles west of Philadelphia.
    (SFC, 2/20/09, p.A10)
2009        Feb 19, Virginia’s House of Delegates voted 60-39 on a partial ban on smoking in bars and restaurants. The Senate had voted 27-13 earlier on the bill, which was supported by Gov. Timothy Kaine.
    (WSJ, 2/20/09, p.A6)
2009        Feb 19, Thomas E. Bolger (b.1927), former head of Bell Atlantic (1983-1988), died.
    (WSJ, 2/21/09, p.A5)
2009        Feb 19, In southern Bangladesh 13 people died and scores were missing after a ferry carrying more than 100 passengers collided with a cargo boat and capsized.
    (AFP, 2/19/09)
2009        Feb 19, Belgium took Senegal to the International Court of Justice over the African nation's failure to prosecute a former Chad president for crimes against humanity and torture.
    (AP, 2/20/09)
2009        Feb 19, Europe's highest human rights court has awarded Abu Qatada, an extremist Muslim preacher, euro2,800 ($3,550) for being held unlawfully by British authorities during an anti-terrorist probe. A day earlier Britain's highest court ruled that Abu Qatada could be deported to Jordan despite fears he could face torture there. The European Court of Human Rights ruled that Qatada and 10 other detainees had their right to liberty violated when they were held in high-security conditions.
    (AP, 2/19/09)
2009        Feb 19, France bowed to demands for wage increases in Guadeloupe in the hope of ending a month-long strike that has plunged the French Caribbean island into rioting.
    (AP, 2/19/09)
2009        Feb 19, In southern India lawyers sympathetic to Sri Lankan rebels set fire to a police station in Chennai and clashed with police leaving 20 police injured.
    (WSJ, 2/20/09, p.A12)
2009        Feb 19, In Israel far-right politician Avigdor Lieberman endorsed Benjamin Netanyahu for Israeli prime minister, all but guaranteeing that Netanyahu will be the country's next leader.
    (AP, 2/19/09)
2009        Feb 19, Kyrgyzstan's parliament voted to close a key US air base in the country, a move that could hamper Pres. Obama's efforts to increase the number of US forces in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/19/09)
2009        Feb 19, About 12 pirates armed with guns attacked the tug and barge in the Malacca Strait and kidnapped two crew members as the vessel was en route to Singapore.
    (AP, 2/20/09)
2009        Feb 19, US Sen. John Kerry as well as 2 other congressional Democrats came to the Gaza Strip, the highest-level visit by a US official since the Hamas militant group seized power in the territory nearly two years ago. Kerry said he was in Gaza to view the aftermath of Israel's recent military offensive against Hamas.
    (AP, 2/19/09)(SFC, 2/20/09, p.A6)
2009        Feb 19, US Defense Sec. Robert Gates, in Europe for NATO talks, signed a new military cooperation agreement with Poland.
    (WSJ, 2/20/09, p.A12)
2009        Feb 19, A Moscow court acquitted three men accused of helping murder Kremlin critic and journalist Anna Politkovskaya, leaving Russia's most politically charged killing in years still unsolved. This decision was overturned in June.
    (Reuters, 2/19/09)(AP, 6/25/09)
2009        Feb 19, In Spain the mobile phone industry's biggest trade show wrapped up after four days that delivered exciting news for technophiles, average phone users and even environmentalists. During the show leading manufacturers announced an initiative to produce a standard charger that would fit all phones by 2012 in a step set to reduce waste and increase convenience.
    (AFP, 2/19/09)
2009        Feb 19, The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) said samples taken from a Syrian site suspected of being a secretly built reactor have revealed new traces of processed uranium.
    (AP, 2/19/09)
2009        Feb 19, Naser Abdel Karim al-Wahishi, Yemen's most wanted fugitive and leader of al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula, used an audio recording to urge Yemenis to rise up against the government and called on Arabs in Saudi Arabia and Gulf countries to help their brothers in Yemen.
    (AP, 2/19/09)
2009        Feb 19, Trading resumed at the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange (ZSE) after a three-month suspension but transactions were carried out only in US dollars, the first time in President Robert Mugabe's 29-year rule.
    (AFP, 2/19/09)

2010        Feb 19, Pres. Obama, speaking in Nevada targeted Arizona, California, Florida, Michigan and Nevada in a $1.5 billion “innovation fund" to assist homeowners struggling against foreclosure.
    (SFC, 2/20/10, p.A1)
2010        Feb 19, The US Federal Reserve raised the rate banks pay for emergency loans by a quarter point to 0.75% effective today.
    (SFC, 2/19/10, p.D1)
2010        Feb 19, From Ponte Vedra Beach, Fla. Golf star Tiger Woods faced the world and formally apologized for his infidelity. Woods said part of his rehab would include a return to his Buddhist faith.
    (AP, 2/20/10)
2010        Feb 19, A newly released study by a major US consulting firm found that premiums for Medicare Advantage plans offering medical and prescription drug coverage jumped 14.2 percent on average in 2010, after an increase of only 5.2 percent the previous year.
    (AP, 2/19/10)
2010        Feb 19, In Afghanistan a Western service member was killed in small arms fire as coalition forces continued to drive the Taliban from Marjah.
    (SFC, 2/20/10, p.A3)
2010        Feb 19, Two Muslim women were stopped from boarding a flight at Manchester airport from Britain to Pakistan for refusing to go through new body scanners, citing religious and medical reasons.
    (AFP, 3/4/10)
2010        Feb 19, Lionel Jeffries (b.1926), British actor and film director, died. He played Grandpa Potts in the “Chitty Chitty Bang Bang" (1968). He wrote and directed the 1970 film “The Railway Children" adopted from the Edwardian children’s book by E. Nesbit.
    (SSFC, 2/21/10, p.C11)
2010        Feb 19, A Canadian sailing ship, the three-masted SV Concordia, filled with high school and college students sank off the coast of Brazil in strong winds, but all 64 aboard were rescued. The students spent up to 16 hours on life boats before they were rescued by three passing cargo ships.
    (AP, 2/19/10)
2010        Feb 19, In the Central African Republic rebels of Uganda’s Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) kidnapped at least 40 people and wounded a soldier during an attack in the southwest.
    (AFP, 2/22/10)
2010        Feb 19, The German Tax Union said about 2,500 people in Germany have confessed to tax evasion to avoid punishment amid a heated debate over whether authorities should buy stolen data from Swiss bank accounts.
    (AP, 2/19/10)
2010        Feb 19, Iraq rejected calls to abolish or suspend capital punishment made during a review by the UN's top human rights body. Iraq has also dismissed suggestions that it should reduce the number of crimes for which the death penalty can be imposed.
    (AP, 2/19/10)
2010        Feb 19, In Ivory Coast anti-government demonstrations spread to at least eight cities. Police fired on demonstrators at a rally in Gagnoa, killing 5 people and wounding a dozen others in the latest protest since the president dissolved the government a week ago.
    (AP, 2/19/10)(SFC, 2/20/10, p.A2)
2010        Feb 19, In Mexico one officer was killed and two others wounded when they were ambushed in Nogales, across the border from the Arizona city of the same name. The officers were responding to an apparently false report of a robbery at a beer store when gunmen opened fire on.
    (AP, 2/21/10)
2010        Feb 19, In Morocco the minaret of the 18th century Bab Berdieyinne mosque collapsed in the city of Meknes, killing 41 people and injuring 76 others.
    (AFP, 2/21/10)
2010        Feb 19, In Niger a junta that seized power in a coup named a platoon commander as its leader, hours after soldiers announced on state TV that their group was in charge of the uranium-rich country.
    (AP, 2/19/10)
2010        Feb 19, Hamas claimed that two ex-officers from the rival Fatah organization were involved in the Jan 20 assassination of a Hamas operative in Dubai, and Fatah shot back by insinuating Hamas members were the ones who collaborated with the killers.
    (AP, 2/19/10)
2010        Feb 19, In the Philippines 2 soldiers were killed and one wounded on southern Basilan Island when they tripped the wire on a homemade bomb during an operation to track down militants.
    (AP, 2/19/10)
2010        Feb 19, In Russia's Ingushetia region a series of bomb blasts killed at least two people and wounded 33, including senior police officials.
    (Reuters, 2/19/10)
2010        Feb 19, In Rwanda 3 grenade attacks in Kigali killed 1 person and injured 30. Another person died overnight from injuries in the attack.
    (AP, 2/20/10)(AFP, 2/22/10)
2010        Feb 19, Pope Benedict XVI approved sainthood for Mother Mary MacKillop (1842-1909), making the woman known for her work among the needy Australia's first saint. Sainthood was also approved for Stanislaw Soltys, a 15th-century Polish priest; Italian nuns Giulia Salzano and Battista Varano; Spanish nun Candida Maria de Jesus Cipitria y Barriola and a Canadian brother, Andre Bessette (d.1937). The formal canonization will take place Oct. 17 in Rome.
    (AP, 2/19/10)
2010        Feb 19, Some 1,000 Zimbabwe civil servants marched through the streets of the capital Harare demanding hefty increases in their salaries.
    (AFP, 2/19/10)

2011        Feb 19, The Republican-controlled US House agreed to cut $61 billion from hundreds of federal programs and shelter coal companies, oil refiners and farmers from new government regulations.
    (AP, 2/19/11)
2011        Feb 19, In northern California the Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) opened its new West Dublin/Pleasanton station, its 44th station.
    (SFC, 2/18/11, p.C3)
2011        Feb 19, San Francisco celebrated its annual Chinese Lunar New Year Parade, welcoming in the Year of the Hare.
    (SSFC, 2/20/11, p.A1)
2011        Feb 19, In Nevada Filipino fighter Nonito Donaire stopped Mexico's Fernando Montiel in the second round to take the World Boxing Council and World Boxing Organization bantamweight titles.
    (AFP, 2/20/11)
2011        Feb 19, Researchers estimated that at least 50 billion planets exist in the Milky Way.
    (SSFC, 2/20/11, p.A9)
2011        Feb 19, In eastern Afghanistan gunmen and suicide bombers dressed as border police killed 38 people and wounded more than 70 in an attack on a bank in Jalalabad. Seven insurgents had attacked the bank, three of them detonating explosive vests inside the building. On June 20 two men were hanged in Kabul's Pule Charkhi prison for their part in the attack.
    (Reuters, 2/19/11)(AP, 2/20/11)(AFP, 2/20/11)(AFP, 6/20/11)
2011        Feb 19, An Australian soldier and an Afghan interpreter were shot dead by insurgents in Uruzgan province, bringing Australia's death toll from the conflict to 23.
    (AP, 2/19/11)
2011        Feb 19, In Algeria riot police clashed with thousands of pro-democracy supporters who tried to stage a rally in central Algiers, leaving one Algerian opposition deputy seriously injured.
    (AFP, 2/19/11)(AP, 2/19/11)
2011        Feb 19, In Bahrain thousands of singing and dancing protesters streamed back into Manama's central Pearl Square after leaders withdrew tanks and riot police following two straight days of a bloody crackdown by security forces in the tiny monarchy.
    (AP, 2/19/11)
2011        Feb 19, In Bangladesh 2 trains plowed into packed buses at unmanned railroad crossings in separate accidents, killing at least 13 people and injuring 45 others.
    (AP, 2/19/11)
2011        Feb 19, Chinese authorities cracked down on activists as a call circulated for people to gather in more than a dozen cities Feb 20 for a "Jasmine Revolution." Rights lawyer Teng Biao disappeared. Officers searched his home and seized two computers, a printer, articles, books, DVDs and photos of another rights lawyer, Chen Guangcheng. Biao was released on April 29.
    (AP, 2/19/11)(AP, 4/29/11)
2011        Feb 19, An Egyptian court licensed the Al-Wasat Al-Jadid (the New Center), a moderate Islamic party founded in 1996, after its application for legal status was turned down four times by the former Egyptian government.
    (AP, 2/19/11)
2011        Feb 19, German police fired tear gas and water cannons to keep apart groups of far-right supporters and thousands of counterdemonstrators trying to hinder their rally in Dresden. The annual protest rally constitutes one of Europe's biggest far-right gatherings, usually held earlier in February to commemorate the anniversary of a deadly Allied bombing at the end of World War II.
    (AP, 2/19/11)
2011        Feb 19, Iran warned of a crackdown if opposition supporters stage new rallies which they have called to mourn the deaths of two victims of recent unrest and to show support to their leaders.
    (AFP, 2/19/11)
2011        Feb 19, An Iranian court threw out a 20-month prison sentence for two German journalists arrested after interviewing the son of a woman condemned to die by stoning. Journalist Marcus Hellwig and photographer Jens Koch were released and departed for home.
            (AP, 2/19/11)(AFP, 2/19/11)(AP, 2/5/12)
2011        Feb 19, In Iraq around 2,000 university students demonstrated in Sulaimaniyah province, demanding an apology from regional president Massud Barzani after protests earlier in the week left two dead. Ten protesters were wounded in clashes with Kurdish security forces.
    (AFP, 2/19/11)
2011        Feb 19, In the Ivory Coast an opposition meeting was disrupted by security forces loyal to incumbent leader Laurent Gbagbo.
    (SSFC, 2/20/11, p.A6)
2011        Feb 19, In Libya Moammar Gadhafi's forces fired on mourners in the eastern city of Benghazi, wiped out a protest encampment and clamped down on Internet service throughout the country as the regime tried to squelch calls for an end to the ruler's 42-year grip on power.  Human Rights Watch said that Libyan security forces have killed more than 80 anti-regime protesters in eastern Libya.
    (AP, 2/19/11)(AFP, 2/19/11)
2011        Feb 19, Madagascar's ousted president Marc Ravalomanana was barred by officials in his homeland from returning from exile in South Africa, but the politician told reporters at Johannesburg's airport that he would keep trying to return.
    (AP, 2/19/11)
2011        Feb 19, In Mexico an Acapulco taxi driver was found bound and shot to death near his taxi, and two others were found dead of bullet wounds inside their vehicles. One of the drivers had been beheaded. Gunmen opened fire on yet another taxi, killing the driver and three passengers.  There were 19 more murders in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 2/20/11)(AFP, 2/21/11)
2011        Feb 19, Dirar Abu Sisi (42), a Palestinian engineer, went missing "under unknown circumstances" after boarding a train in the Ukraine city of Kharkiv bound for the capital Kiev. The UN refugee agency later confirmed his wife's fears that he is being held in prison by the Israeli secret service. Sisi's Ukrainian wife, Veronika (32), alleged the Israeli secret service Mossad carried out the abduction in order to sabotage a key electric power plant in the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip where he worked as a senior manager.
    (AP, 3/10/11)
2011        Feb 19, In the Philippines police officer Jorge Sabatin walked free after being wounded and snatched by New People's Army guerrillas in a Feb. 1 attack on a police outpost in Agusan del Sur province's Trento town.
    (AP, 2/20/11)
2011        Feb 19, In Somalia 4 civilians were killed after clashes broke out between Somali soldiers backed by African Union forces and Al Qaeda-inspired insurgents.
    (AP, 2/19/11)
2011        Feb 19, In Thailand thousands of "Red Shirts" gathered in Bangkok to mark nine months since a bloody crackdown on their anti-government rally and to press for the release of detained leaders. In the south suspected Muslim insurgents detonated a car bomb and raked a karaoke restaurant with gunfire, wounding at least 17 people in back-to-back attacks in the volatile region.
    (AFP, 2/19/11)(AP, 2/19/11)
2011        Feb 19, Yemeni riot police in the capital shot dead a protester and injured five others when they opened fire on thousands marching in the 10th day of unrest rocking the country.
    (AP, 2/19/11)
2011        Feb 19, In Zimbabwe Munyaradzi Gwisai, a university lecturer and former lawmaker from PM Morgan Tsvangirai's Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) party was arrested along with 45 others at a meeting to discuss the uprising that led to the ouster of former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak. Police tortured some of the 46 rights activists facing treason charges after their arrest.
    (AFP, 2/24/11)

2012        Feb 19, In Washington state 4 people were killed in avalanches at two ski resorts.
    (SFC, 2/20/12, p.A6)
2012        Feb 19, In Afghanistan insurgents beheaded four people in Washer district, Helmand province, on the charge that they were spies. A roadside bomb killed four civilians in southern Kandahar province.
    (AP, 2/21/12)(AP, 2/19/12)
2012        Feb 19, Algerian state news said a roadside bomb has killed four people and wounded 19 east of the capital.
    (AP, 2/19/12)
2012        Feb 19, In northern Ecuador a bus toppled over a cliff killing 27 adults and 2 children near the town of Quajara.
    (SFC, 2/20/12, p.A2)
2012        Feb 19, Egypt said it was withdrawing its ambassador to Syria, the latest Arab country to scale back its relations with the embattled regime in Damascus.
    (AP, 2/19/12)
2012        Feb 19, In northern France a coach taking 47 British holidaymakers home from a school skiing trip rolled into a ditch, killing a teacher and injuring 23 people.
    (AFP, 2/19/12)
2012        Feb 19, UN nuclear inspectors arrived in Iran in the latest push to hold key talks with Iranian officials about how far the country's controversial nuclear program has come. Access to Parchin, a military site suspected of testing nuclear weapon components, was denied.
    (AP, 2/20/12)(Econ, 2/25/12, p.28)
2012        Feb 19, In Iraq a suicide bomber detonated his car as a group of police recruits left their academy in Baghdad, killing 20 in the latest strike on security officials that angry residents blamed on political feuding. investigators in the southern port city of Um Qasr said a Shiite mosque that was partially destroyed in an overnight fire was likely an act of sabotage.
    (AP, 2/19/12)
2012        Feb 19, Israeli police arrested 13 Palestinians in the grounds of Jerusalem's flashpoint Al-Aqsa mosque complex after police and tourists visiting the site were stoned.
    (AFP, 2/19/12)
2012        Feb 19, In Mexico a riot broke out at about 2 a.m. at a prison in Apodaca outside of the northern industrial city of Monterrey. 44 people were left dead and some prisoners were missing indicating the riot might have been staged to cover a breakout. Officials the next day said 9 guards have confessed to helping Zetas drug gangsters escape from prison before other Zetas slaughtered rival inmates,
    (AP, 2/19/12)(AP, 2/20/12)(SFC, 2/20/12, p.A3)
2012        Feb 19, In Nigeria a bomb planted in an abandoned car exploded outside a church in the middle of a worship service in Suleja near Abuja, wounding five people amid a continuing wave of violence by a radical Islamist sect.
    (AP, 2/19/12)
2012        Feb 19, In northwest Pakistan a bomb planted at a checkpoint manned by members of a Pakistani militia fighting a radical group similar to the Taliban exploded and killed eight militia members in the Khyber tribal region.
    (AP, 2/19/12)
2012        Feb 19, In the Philippines gunmen fired two grenades at the Kidapawan city jail and then engaged policemen and guards in a brief firefight before withdrawing. At least one civilian was killed in the crossfire.
    (AP, 2/19/12)   
2012        Feb 19, In Russia hundreds of cars circled central Moscow during an opposition demonstration to demand that PM Vladimir Putin allow free elections. A similar protest in support of Putin a day earlier drew what police said were 2,000 cars.
    (AP, 2/19/12)
2012        Feb 19, A Saudi court acquitted rights activist Said bin Zeghair, who spent five years in detention accused of supporting al-Qaida's ideology. The court cited lack of evidence. Bin Zeghair was first detained in 1995 but was freed after nine years without being charged or tried. Later he was sentenced to five years in prison but was pardoned when King Abdullah ascended to the throne in 2005. He was detained again in 2007.
    (AP, 2/20/12)
2012        Feb 19, In Senegal protesters demanding the departure of aging Pres. Wade (85) seized control of a three-block stretch in the heart of the capital, erecting barricades and lobbing rocks at police just days before a contentious presidential poll. The state-owned news agency reported two more people have been killed in protests. This brought to six the number of people killed in three weeks of violence before next week's contentious presidential poll.
    (AP, 2/19/12)
2012        Feb 19, In Spain hundreds of thousands of protesters marched in 57 cities in a show of anger over new labor reforms that make it easier for companies to fire workers and pull out of collective bargaining agreements.
    (SFC, 2/20/12, p.A2)
2012        Feb 19, South African police said at least 350 people have been arrested after deadly violence during an illegal strike at the world's largest platinum mine run by Impala Platinum. At least 2 miners were killed since violence began on Feb 16. A 3rd death was reported on Feb 24.
    (AFP, 2/19/12)(AFP, 2/20/12)(AFP, 2/24/12)
2012        Feb 19, In Sudan Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) rebels in the Darfur region detained 49 international peacekeepers and three suspected Sudanese intelligence agents for "investigation" after they entered a rebel-held area. The next day Rebels freed all 49 international peacekeepers, but continued to hold three Sudanese.
    (AFP, 2/20/12)
2012        Feb 19, Syrian security forces flooded a tense neighborhood where a mourner was shot dead in the largest anti-regime rally seen in Damascus, blunting calls for a "day of defiance." Activists said 18 people were killed, with nine in Idlib and six in Homs. This included a Syrian state prosecutor, a judge and their driver in Idlib. Regime forces pounded the flashpoint central city of Homs for the 15th straight day. Leading Syrian businessman Faisal al-Qudsi told the BBC that foreign exchange reserves have tumbled from $22 billion (16.7 billion euros) to about $10 billion.
    (AFP, 2/19/12)(AP, 2/20/12)

2013        Feb 19, In southern California Ali Syed (20) shot and killed woman in her home and two commuters in Orange County. Syed committed suicide as police closed in on him.
    (SFC, 2/19/13, p.A7)
2013        Feb 19, In Los Angeles a body was found in a water tank on the roof of the historic Cecil Hotel. It was soon identified as that of a Canadian woman who went missing in late January. Elisa Lam (21), a college student from Vancouver, British Columbia, was last seen by staff at the hotel on January 31.
    (Reuters, 2/20/13)
2013        Feb 19, NATO and Afghan forces killed at least 25 insurgents and three of their commanders in separate operations around the country.
    (AP, 2/20/13)
2013        Feb 19, Afghan security said intelligence officers have arrested a senior Pakistan Taliban commander. Maulvi Faqir Mohammed was arrested over the weekend in eastern Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 2/19/13)
2013        Feb 19, Brazil’s Pres. Dilma Rousseff announced increased welfare payments to 2.5m poor people.
    (Econ, 2/23/13, p.35)
2013        Feb 19, In Cameroon a vacationing French family of seven was kidnapped and whisked toward Nigeria. The family was freed after two months in captivity, returning on April 19 to safety in Douala.
    (AP, 2/20/13)(AP, 4/19/13)
2013        Feb 19, In Egypt hundreds of protesters in Port Said pressured government employees to leave work early as they enforced the third day of a general strike.
    (AP, 2/19/13)
2013        Feb 19, Germany’s highest court ruled that one member of a civil partnership should be able to adopt the partner’s stepchild or adopted child.
    (SFC, 2/20/13, p.A2)
2013        Feb 19, Greek journalists walked off the job for 24 hours to protest austerity measures and income cuts, pulling radio and television news broadcasts off the air and leaving news websites without updates.
    (AP, 2/19/13)
2013        Feb 19, In Guinea anti-riot police fired tear gas to disperse anti-government protesters who barricaded streets and threw stones at vehicles in the capital, Conakry.
    (AP, 2/19/13)
2013        Feb 19, Ireland’s PM Enda Kenny apologized on behalf of the government for decades of abuses in the Magdalene Laundries.
    (SFC, 2/19/13, p.A6)
2013        Feb 19, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu added his first coalition partner as he works to build a new government. Former Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni will serve as justice minister in the next Israeli government, in charge of peace efforts with the Palestinians.
    (AP, 2/19/13)
2013        Feb 19, An Ivory Coast military spokesman says that Guinean soldiers have occupied Kpeaba, a border village in western Ivorian territory, since early this month.
    (AP, 2/19/13)
2013        Feb 19, In Malawi public workers on strike demanding a 67 percent pay hike threatened to close the country's airports. The government said it doesn't have the money to meet the demands.
    (AP, 2/19/13)
2013        Feb 19, In Mali a French soldier was shot to death in a clash with jihadists in a mountainous region of the far north. 20 extremists were reported killed on this second day of the ongoing operation, code named Panthere, aimed at locating jihadists and dismantling their sanctuaries.
    (AP, 2/19/13)
2013        Feb 19, In Pakistan thousands of minority Shiite Muslims (Hazaras) ended three days of protests Quetta after the government launched a paramilitary operation against militants responsible for a weekend bombing targeting the minority sect that killed 89 people. Four members of Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, including a senior commander, were killed in a shootout, and over 170 other suspected militants were arrested.
    (AP, 2/19/13)(SFC, 2/20/13, p.A3)
2013        Feb 19, Palestinian protesters clashed with Israeli soldiers at a rally in support of four imprisoned Palestinians on hunger strike, as hundreds of inmates said they were refusing food for the day in solidarity with the fasting inmates.
    (AP, 2/19/13)
2013        Feb 19, Gaza Strip's Hamas government and local smugglers accused Egypt of flooding cross-border tunnels with sewage water in order to halt a thriving smuggling trade. Egyptian engineers began flooding the tunnels in late January.
    (AP, 2/19/13)(Econ, 3/9/13, p.41)
2013        Feb 19, In the Philippines over 100 communist guerrillas stormed a vast Del Monte plantation in Bukidnon province, killing one guard, burning farm equipment and blocking traffic in 3 towns.
    (SFC, 2/21/13, p.A2)
2013        Feb 19, Russia said it had sent two jets carrying humanitarian aid to Syria and are inviting Russians who want to leave the country to take the flights back.
    (AP, 2/19/13)
2013        Feb 19, The Sudanese army said clashes in the country's south near the border with South Sudan have killed at least 60 rebels.
    (AP, 2/19/13)
2013        Feb 19, A Syrian missile strike leveled a block of buildings in an impoverished district of Aleppo, killing at least 33 people, almost half of them children. Two mortars exploded near one of President Bashar Assad's palaces in Damascus, but no casualties were reported.
    (AP, 2/19/13)
2013        Feb 19, Tunisia's PM Hamadi Jebali announced his resignation following a failed effort to form a technocratic government to see the country out of its political crisis. His own party, Ennahda, rejected his initiative, insisting that the country still needed a government of politicians.
    (AP, 2/19/13)
2013        Feb 19, A Yemeni military plane crashed into a neighborhood in the country's capital, Sanaa, killing at least nine people and injuring 18.
    (AP, 2/19/13)
2013        Feb 19, Zimbabwe police raided the suburban Harare offices of the independent Zimbabwe Election Support Network searching for alleged subversive materials.
    (AP, 2/19/13)

2014        Feb 19, A $425 million Powerball drawing went to Ray Buxton of the SF Bay Area. He had purchased the ticket at a Chevron station in Milpitas.
    (SFC, 4/2/14, p.E5)
2014        Feb 19, In Missouri the body of a girl, believed to be Hailey Owens (10), was found in the home of Craig Michael Wood (45), a middle-school football coach. She had been kidnapped a day earlier. Wood was arrested on suspicion of first-degree murder.
    (SFC, 2/20/14, p.A6)(SFC, 2/24/14, p.A5)
2014        Feb 19, A Nebraska judge struck down a 2011 law that allowed the Keystone XL pipeline to proceed through the state.
    (SFC, 2/20/14, p.A6)
2014        Feb 19, In Pennsylvania Herbert and Catherine Schaible were sentenced to 3½ to seven years in prison in the death of a 2nd child who never saw a doctor despite being stricken with pneumonia.
    (SFC, 2/20/14, p.A6)
2014        Feb 19, Facebook said it will pay $19 billion in cash and stock to buy WhatsApp, a mobile messaging company founded in 2009. This was the most ever paid for a venture-capital-backed company.
    (SFC, 2/20/14, p.C6)(Econ, 2/22/14, p.54)
2014        Feb 19, In Austria ambitious nuclear talks between Iran and six world powers entered a second day in Vienna with Tehran's foreign minister saying a deal was achievable.
    (AFP, 2/19/14)
2014        Feb 19, Europe's largest defense contractor BAE Systems says the governments of the United Kingdom and Saudi Arabia have agreed on new pricing for a massive sale of 72 Eurofighter Typhoon jets.
    (AP, 2/19/14)
2014        Feb 19, In the Central African Republic heavy fighting erupted near the airport in Bangui, as Christian militia tried to block the evacuation of Muslims and disrupted a visit by a top United Nations aid official.
    (Reuters, 2/19/14)
2014        Feb 19, Egypt’s interim Pres. Adly Mansour ordered a pay raise for police after some of them joined factory workers, doctors and pharmacists increasingly on strike over the last month.
    (SFC, 2/20/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 19, French industrialist and senator Serge Dassault (88), the billionaire manufacturer of fighter jets, was taken into custody for alleged vote buying in his former fiefdom east of Paris from 2008-2010.
    (AFP, 2/19/14)
2014        Feb 19, Kuwait’s loss-making state-owned Kuwait Airways Co signed contracts with Airbus to buy 25 planes, its first order for new aircraft in more than 20 years.
    (AFP, 2/19/14)
2014        Feb 19, In Lebanon 2 suicide bombers targeted the Iranian cultural center in Beirut, killing 8 people and themselves in an attack claimed by Sunni militants who said it was a response to the intervention of Iran and Hezbollah in the Syrian war. On March 8 the al-Qaida-linked Abdullah Azzam Brigades issued a statement on militant websites apologizing for the civilian deaths.
    (Reuters, 2/19/14)(AFP, 2/20/14)(AP, 3/8/14)
2014        Feb 19, In Libya a threat by powerful militias to dissolve parliament ramped up pressure on the weak central government on the eve of a vote to elect a constitution-drafting panel.
    (AFP, 2/19/14)
2014        Feb 19, Libya said it will offer compensation to women raped during the 2011 NATO-backed uprising that toppled Moammar Khadafy.
    (SFC, 2/20/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 19, In northeast Nigeria an attack on Bama town by suspected Islamic extremists left 115 people dead.
    (AP, 2/20/14)
2014        Feb 19, Poland's deputy foreign minister said consensus has been reached among EU states about imposing sanctions on Ukrainian officials over the violence in Kiev that has killed dozens of people.
    (Reuters, 2/19/14)
2014        Feb 19, South Africa's top three platinum companies issued a take-it-or-leave-it wage ultimatum to striking miners, hoping to break a month-long stoppage that has crippled production. Anglo American Platinum, Impala Platinum and Lonmin said they would not raise an already rejected wage offer and warned of impending job losses.
    (AFP, 2/19/14)
2014        Feb 19, South Sudan's army said that it has lost contact with its troops in the key oil hub of Malakal following a major offensive by rebels.
    (AP, 2/19/14)
2014        Feb 19, Sri Lanka's government said that it was considering a process similar to South Africa's post-apartheid Truth and Reconciliation Commission to heal the wounds of the island nation's decades-long civil war.
    (AP, 2/20/14)
2014        Feb 19, Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovich accused pro-European opposition leaders of trying to seize power by force after at least 26 people died in the worst violence since the former Soviet republic gained independence. Defiant protesters seized control of Kiev’s central post office, hurling fire bombs and rocks and standing their ground against officers in riot gear. Opponents of the president declared political autonomy in the major western city of Lviv.
    (Reuters, 2/19/14)(AP, 2/19/14)
2014        Feb 19, In Venezuela Imprisoned protest leader Leopoldo Lopez (42) urged supporters to keep fighting for the departure of the socialist government, even as he was due in court accused of fomenting unrest that has killed at least 4 people.
    (Reuters, 2/19/14)

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