Today in History - February 20

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1194        Feb 20, Tancredo of Lecce, King of Sicily, died.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1494        Feb 20, Johan Friis, chancellor (Denmark, helped formed Lutheranism), was born.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1513        Feb 20, Pope Julius II died. He was laid in rest in a huge tomb sculptured by Michelangelo.
    (HN, 2/20/99)

1547        Feb 20, King Edward VI of England was enthroned following the death of Henry VIII  (Jan 28).
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1583        Feb 20, Joseph Sanalbo, Jewish convert in Rome, was burned at stake on 27 Shebat.
    (www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/12816-rome)(http://jewishholidaysonline.com/1583)

1626        Feb 20, John Dowland, composer, died.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1632        Feb 20, Thomas Osborne, Duke of Leeds, English PM (1690-94)/founder (Tories), was born.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1656        Feb 20, James Ussher (76), Irish bible scholar, Anglican archbishop, died. [see Mar 21]
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1665        Feb 20, Michel Dorigny (b.1617), French painter, died.
    (http://www.answers.com/topic/michel-dorigny-1)

1667        Feb 20, David ben Samuel Halevi, rabbi, author (Shulchan Aruch), died.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1673        Feb 20, The 1st recorded wine auction was held in London.
    (MC, 2/20/02)   

1683        Feb 20, Philip V, first Bourbon King of Spain, was born. [see Dec 19]
    (HN, 2/20/01)

1725        Feb 20, New Hampshire militiamen partook in the first recorded scalping of Indians by whites in North America. 10 sleeping Indians were scalped by whites for scalp bounty.
    (HN, 2/20/99)(MC, 2/20/02)

1726        Feb 20,  William Prescott, U.S. Revolutionary War hero, was born.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1737        Feb 20, French minister of Finance, Chauvelin, resigned.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1745        Feb 20, Johann Peter Salomon, composer, was born.
    (MC, 2/20/02)
1745        Feb 20, Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops occupied Fort August, Scotland.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1746        Feb 20, Bonnie Prince Charlie occupied the Castle of Inverness.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1755        Feb 20, General Edward Braddock arrived from Great Britain to assume command of British forces in America and to lead the Virginia troops against the French and Indians in the Ohio Valley.
    (PCh, 1992, p.303)

1790        Feb 20, Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II (48) died.
    (AP, 2/20/98)(MC, 2/20/02)

1791        Feb 20, Carl Czerny, pianist, composer (Schule der Virtuosen), was born in Vienna, Austria.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1792        Feb 20, President Washington signed an act creating the U.S. Post Office. [see Feb 20, 1789, May 8, 1794]
    (HN, 2/20/98)(AP, 2/20/98)

1798        Feb 20, Pope Pius VI fled Rome to Siena following an invasion of French forces. He was later arrested and deported 1st to Florence and then to France.
    (www.zum.de/whkmla/region/italy/papalstate17891799.html)(WSJ, 4/14/06, p.W5)
1804        Feb 20, Hobart, Tasmania, was founded as a penal colony. In this year soldiers fired on an aboriginal hunting party on Tasmania and killed some 50 people. Some were salted down and sent to Sydney as anthropological curiosities.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hobart)(WSJ, 8/2100, p.A1)

1808        Feb 20, Honoré Daumier (d.1879), French painter, sculptor, caricaturist and lithographer, was born in Marseilles. He painted Crispin and Scapin.
    (AAP, 1964)(WUD, 1994, p.369)(WSJ, 3/10/00, p.W16)(HN, 2/20/01)

1809        Feb 20, The Supreme Court ruled the power of the federal government is greater than that of any individual state.
    (AP, 2/19/98)

1810        Feb 20, Andreas Hofer (42), military leader (fought Napoleon's France), was executed.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1831        Feb 20, Polish revolutionaries defeated the Russians in the Battle of Growchow.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1832        Feb 20, Charles Darwin visited Fernando Noronha in Atlantic Ocean.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1835        Feb 20, Concepcion, Chile, was destroyed by earthquake and some 5,000 died.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1838        Feb 20, Ludwig Boltzmann, atomic physics engineer, was born. 
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1839        Feb 20, Congress prohibited dueling in the District of Columbia.
    (AP, 2/19/98)

1856        Feb 20, Romania abolished the slavery of Gypsies, or Roma, but discrimination persisted against the group.
    (AP, 3/11/11)

1861        Feb 20, The Confederacy Dept. of Navy formed.
    (MC, 2/20/02)
1861        Feb 20, Steeple of Chichester Cathedral was blown down during a storm.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1862        Feb 20, Willie Lincoln (b.1850), son of Pres. Lincoln, died in Washington DC. Typhoid fever was the suspected cause.
    (SSFC, 3/20/05, Par p.4)(www.nps.gov/liho/lincoln.htm)

1864        Feb 20, Confederate troops defeated a Union army sent to bring Florida into the union at the Battle of Olustee, Fla.
    (HN, 2/20/99)

1865        Feb 20, MIT was formed as the 1st US collegiate architectural school.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1869        Feb 20, Tenn. Gov. W.C. Brownlow declared martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1872        Feb 20, Metropolitan Museum of Art, incorporated in 1870, opened in NYC.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metropolitan_Museum_of_Art)
1872        Feb 20, A hydraulic electric elevator was patented by Cyrus Baldwin.
    (MC, 2/20/02)
1872        Feb 20, Luther Crowell patented a machine for manufacturing paper bags.
    (MC, 2/20/02)
1872        Feb 20, Silas Noble and JP Cooley patented a toothpick manufacturing machine.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1874        Feb 20, Mary Garden, opera star, was born in Aberdeen, Scotland.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1877        Feb 20, The 1st cantilever bridge in US was completed at Harrodsburg, Kentucky.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1888        Feb 20, Marie Rambert, ballet dancer and director, was born.
    (HN, 2/20/01)

1893        Feb 20, Russel Crouse, journalist, novelist, playwright (Life with Father), was born.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1894        Feb 20, Curt Richter, biologist, was born.
    (HN, 2/20/01)

1895        Feb 20, Frederick Douglass (77), Abolitionist and escaped slave, died in Washington, D.C. In 1881 Douglass authored “The Life and Times of Frederick Douglass."
    (AP, 2/19/98)(MC, 2/20/02)(ON, 7/02, p.8)

1898        Feb 20, Jimmy Yancey, American blues pianist, was born.
    (HN, 2/20/01)

1899        Feb 20, Illinois Tel & Tel was granted a franchise for a Chicago freight tunnel system.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1900        Feb 20, J.F. Pickering patented his airship.
    (HN, 2/20/99)

1901        Feb 20, Rene Dubos, French-US microbiologist who developed the first commercial antibiotic, was born in France. He authored “Health & Disease."
    (HN, 2/20/01)(MC, 2/20/02)
1901        Feb 20, Louis I. Kahn, architect, was born.
    (HN, 2/20/01)

1902        Feb 20, Ansel Adams, American photographer, was born in San Francisco. He was an American landscape photographer, especially of western wilderness and mountain panoramas. In 1996 Mary Street Alinder released her biography “Ansel Adams." Jonathon Spaulding released his “Ansel Adams and the American Landscape."
    (SFEC, 9/15/96, BR p.4)(HN, 2/20/99)

1903        Feb 20, Pope Leo XIII celebrated 25 years as the Pope.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1904        Feb 20, Alexei Kosygin (Aleksey Nikolayevich Kosygin), Soviet Premier (1964-1980), was born.
    (HN, 2/19/01)

1906        Feb 20, Russian troops seized large portions of Mongolia.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1907        Feb 20, Pres. Theodore Roosevelt signed an immigration act which excluded "idiots, imbeciles, feebleminded persons, epileptics, insane persons" from being admitted to the US.
    (AP, 2/20/07)

1909        Feb 20, F.T. Marinetti (1876-1944), Italian poet, published the 1st Futurist Manifesto in the Paris newspaper Le Figaro. It included statements such as “We want to glorify war - the only cure for the world…" and We intend to sing the love of danger, the habit of energy and fearlessness."
    (www.unknown.nu/futurism/)(SFEC, 1/3/99, DB p.27)(WSJ, 10/23/08, p.A15)(Econ, 2/22/14, p.71)

1910        Feb 20, Julian Trevelyan, English Surrealist painter, collage maker, was born.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1915        Feb 20, President Wilson opened the Panama-Pacific Expo in San Francisco to celebrate the opening of the Panama Canal. A 20-acre salt marsh was paved over at Crissey Field for the Expo. It was held on what later became the Marina District and 300,000 people attended opening day. The fair was crowned by a 43-story Tower of Jewels decorated with cut glass. Herb Caen later claimed to have been conceived during the expo. A 40-ton organ with 7,000 pipes played the "Hallelujah Chorus." It was made by the Austin Organs Co. of Hartford, Conn. After the fair it was moved to the Civic Auditorium and used for 7 decades until the 1989 earthquake damaged it.
    (SFC, 6/14/96, p.A1)(SFC, 10/4/96, p.A22)(SFC, 4/27/98, p.A20)(SFEC, 12/26/99, p.W4)(SSFC, 2/15/15, p.p4)

1917        Feb 20, Kern, Bolton & Wodehouse's musical "Oh, Boy!," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 2/20/02)
1917        Feb 20, Ammunitions ship exploded in Archangel harbor and about 1,500 died.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1918        Feb 20, The Soviet Red Army seized Kiev, the capital of the Ukraine.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1920        Feb 20, Robert E. Peary (63), US pole explorer (North Pole, 6/4/1909), died.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1921        Feb 20, Riza Khan Pahlevi seized control of Iran. Pahlevi marched into Tehran with 2,500 soldiers and took over the government. Britain helped topple the Qajar dynasty and replaced it with Reza Shah Pahlavi, a former military officer. Five years later he was crowned Shah and placed the crown upon his head with his own hands, as did Napoleon.
    (NG, Sept. 1939, p.330)(WSJ, 4/2/07, p.A6)

1922        Feb 20, Vilnius, Lithuania, agreed to separate from Poland.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1924        Feb 20, Gloria Vanderbilt, fashion designer, was born. In 2004 she published her memoir “It Seemed Important At the Time."
    (HN, 2/20/98)(WSJ, 10/1/04, p.W7)
1924        Feb 20, Pierre Lacau, the French Director of Antiquities, was authorized by the Egyptian Cabinet to reopen the tomb of Tutankhamun and resume work. Howard Carter refuses its offer to continue his work under Egyptian control.
    (www.king-tut.org.uk/curse-of-king-tut/howard-carter-timeline.htm)(NG, May 1985, p.598)(SFC, 8/5/96, p.A10)

1925        Feb 20, Robert Altman, film director (Nashville, The Player, M*A*S*H), was born.
    (HN, 2/20/01)

1927        Feb 20, Sidney Poitier, American actor, was born. He became the first African American to win an Oscar for his role in "Lilies in the Field."
    (HN, 2/20/99)
1927        Feb 20, Roy Cohn, lawyer, "grand inquisitor" (for Sen Joseph McCarthy), was born.
    (MC, 2/20/02)
1927        Feb 20, Golfers in SC were arrested for violating Sabbath.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1931        Feb 20, Congress allowed California to build the Oakland Bay Bridge.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1932        Feb 20, Japanese troops occupied Tunhua, China.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1933        Feb 20, The House of Representatives completed congressional action on an amendment to repeal Prohibition. [see Apr 7]
    (AP, 2/20/98)

1934        Feb 20, The opera “Four Saints in Three Acts" by Gertrude Stein and Virgil Thomson premiered and became the longest running opera in Broadway history. It was centered on St. Teresa of Avila and St. Ignatius and ran to 4 acts that included 30 saints. It has been called “a surrealist American folk opera." In 1997 Anthony Tommasini wrote Virgil’s biography: “Virgil Thompson: Composer on the Aisle." In 1999 Steven Watson authored "Prepare for Saints: Gertrude Stein, Virgil Thomson, and the Mainstreaming of American Modernism.
    (WSJ, 2/1/96, p.A-16)(WSJ, 7/16/96, p.A9)(BS, 5/3/98, p.13E)(WSJ, 3/10/99, p.A20)(SFEC, 3/28/99, BR p.2)(MC, 2/20/02)
1934        Feb 20, In San Francisco a fire destroyed the recently opened Anchor Brewing Co. at 1610 Harrison St. The plant specialized in  steam beer for which SF was once famous.
    (SSFC, 2/15/09, DB p.50)

1936        Feb 20, Switzerland bared all Nazis from entering the country.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1938        Feb 20, Anthony Eden (1897-1977) resigned as British foreign secretary in a dispute with PM Neville Chamberlain. He said Chamberlain was appeasing Germany.
    (www.bartleby.com/67/1852.html)
1938        Feb 20, Hitler demanded self-determination for Germans in Austria and Czechoslovakia. As Hitler's quest for Lebensraum ("living space") expanded into Czechoslovakia, thousands of Czechoslovakian soldiers and airmen escaped to participate in the liberation of their country.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1940        Feb 20, Christoph Eschenbach, pianist, conductor, was born in Breslau, Germany.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1941        Feb 20, The U.S. sent war planes to the Pacific. General George C. Kenney pioneered aerial warfare strategy and tactics in the Pacific theater.
    (HN, 2/19/98)
1941        Feb 20, The 1st transport of Jews to concentration camps left Plotsk, Poland.
    (MC, 2/20/02)
1941        Feb 20, Nazis ordered Polish Jews barred from using public transportation.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1942        Feb 20, Franklin D. Roosevelt authorized the internment of Japanese Americans on the West Coast. [see Feb 19]
    (HN, 2/19/98)
1942        Feb 20, Lt. Edward O’Hare downed five out of nine Japanese bombers that were attacking the carrier Lexington, which earned him the Congressional Medal of Honor.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1943        Feb 20, German troops of the Afrika Korps broke through the Kasserine Pass, defeating U.S. forces.
    (HN, 2/20/99)

1944        Feb 20, The Batman & Robin comic strip premiered in newspapers.
    (MC, 2/20/02)
1944        Feb 20, US took Eniwetok Island.
    (MC, 2/20/02)
1944        Feb 20, During World War II, U.S. bombers began raiding German aircraft manufacturing centers in a series of attacks that became known as "Big Week."
    (AP, 2/19/98)
1944        Feb 20, A time-bomb planted by Norwegian commando Knut Haukelid sank the Lake Tinn ferry Hydro, which carried heavy water canisters from the Vemork plant destined for Germany. 12 German soldiers and 14 civilian passengers drowned. Rescuers saved 23 Norwegians and 4 Germans.
    (ON, 4/07, p.5)

1946        Feb 20, The US Employment Act of 1946 was signed into law. It laid the responsibility of economic stability of inflation and unemployment onto the federal government.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Employment_Act_of_1946)

1947        Feb 20, A chemical mixing error caused an explosion that destroyed 42 blocks in LA.
    (MC, 2/20/02)
1947        Feb 20, Lord Louis Mountbatten was appointed  the last viceroy of India.
    (MC, 2/20/02)
1947        Feb 20, The British pledged to leave India by June 1948.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1948        Feb 20, Czechoslovakia's non-communist minister resigned.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1950        Feb 20, Welsh author-poet Dylan Thomas arrived in NYC for his 1st US poetry reading tour.
    (www.swansea.gov.uk/index.cfm?articleid=2488&articleaction=print)

1952        Feb 20, "African Queen" opened at Capitol Theater in NYC.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1953        Feb 20, Riccardo Chailly, conductor (West Berlin Symph Orch), was born in Milan, Italy.
    (MC, 2/20/02)
1953        Feb 20, US Court of Appeals ruled that Organized Baseball is a sport & not a business, affirming the 25-year-old Supreme Court ruling.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1954        Feb 20, Patty Hearst, famous kidnap hostage (Tanya), was born in SF.
    (MC, 2/20/02)
1954        Feb 20, The Ford Foundation gave a $25 million grant to the Fund for Advancement of Education.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1955        Feb 20, Kelsey Grammer, actor (Fraiser), was born in the Virgin Islands.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1958        Feb 20, The Broadway play “The Day the Money Stopped" opened at the Belasco Theater. It featured the debut of actress Collin Wilcox-Paxton (d.2009 at 74).
    (SFC, 10/23/09, p.D5)

1959        Feb 20, Joel Rifkind, NY serial killer, was born.
    (MC, 2/20/02)
1959        Feb 20, The FCC applied the equal time rule to TV newscasts of political candidates.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1960        Feb 20, English archeologist Charles Leonard Woolley (b.1880), best known for his excavations at Ur in Mesopotamia, died. He was knighted by King George V in 1935.
    (ON, 8/20/11, p.9)

1961        Feb 20, Percy Aldridge Grainger (78), Australian-US composer, pianist, died.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1962        Feb 20, U.S. Marine Lieutenant Colonel John H. Glenn, Jr., became the first American to orbit the earth. Launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla., Glenn made three 90-minute orbits of the earth in Friendship 7, radioing down to Earth, "Oh, that view is tremendous!" The mission also provided important information about what it was like for an astronaut to be weightless for a long period of time. When the ship's automatic altitude control system began to fail, Glenn, a decorated World War II pilot, took manual control for the rest of the flight. During Friendship 7's approach to Earth, Glenn saw some flaming material breaking off the capsule, but the parachute opened and the capsule landed safely in the Atlantic Ocean. It was some time later that NASA mission control determined that the sparks were crystallized water vapor released by Friendship 7's air-conditioning system. Friendship 7's flight lasted four hours and 56 minutes.
    (AP, 2/19/98)(HNPD, 2/20/99)(MC, 2/20/02)

1963        Feb 20, Rolf Hochhuth's "Der Stellvertreter" (The Representative) premiered in Berlin. The Catholic Church was outraged at portrayal of Pius XII as war criminal. An English translation by Richard and Clara Winston of the complete text was published as “The Deputy: A Play," by Grove Press in 1964.
    (SS, 3/23/02)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Deputy)(Econ, 10/25/08, p.73)
1963        Feb 20, Moscow offered to allow on-site inspection of nuclear testing.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1965        Feb 20, The Ranger 8 spacecraft crashed on the moon after sending back 7,000 photos of the lunar surface.
    (HN, 2/19/98)(AP, 2/19/98)

1966        Feb 20, Chester W. Nimitz (80), US admiral (WW II), died at home on Yerba Buena Island (Treasure Island) in SF Bay.
    (MC, 2/20/02)(Ind, 11/9/02, 5A)

1967        Feb 20, Kurt Cobain, Nirvana grunge band musician, was born in Aberdeen, Washington. He was found dead at his Lake Washington home on April 8, 1994, of suicide committed about April 5.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurt_Cobain)
1967        Feb 20, Elvis Presley released his album "How Great Thou Art." The song “How Great Thou Art" is a Christian hymn based on a Swedish poem written by Carl Gustav Boberg (1859-1940) in Sweden in 1885.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/How_Great_Thou_Art_(album))

1968        Feb 20, A North Vietnamese army chief in Hue ordered all looters to be shot on sight.
    (HN, 2/20/99)

1969        Feb 20, Ernest Ansermet (b.1883), Swiss conductor and composer, died.
    (www.bach-cantatas.com/Bio/Ansermet-Ernest.htm)

1970        Feb 20, Cheyenne Brando (d.1995), daughter of Marlon, was born in Papeete, Tahiti.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheyenne_Brando)

1971        Feb 20, The National Emergency Warning Center in Colorado erroneously ordered radio and TV stations across the US to go off the air; some stations heeded the alert, which was not lifted for about 40 minutes.
    (AP, 2/20/01)
1971        Feb 20, Young people protested having to cut their long hair in Athens, Greece.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1972        Feb 20, Walter Winchell (b.1897),newspaper and radio commentator, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Winchell)
1972        Feb 20, El Salvador held presidential elections. The blatancy of fraud employed to maintain the PCN in power outraged and disillusioned many Salvadorans, including members of the armed forces. Leftists protested the election fraud.
    (http://countrystudies.us/el-salvador/11.htm)(WSJ, 1/10/05, p.A10)

1976        Feb 20, Kathryn Kuhlman (b.1907), American religious leader and faith healer, died in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kathryn_Kuhlman)

1978        Feb 20, The cover of Time magazine was titled “The Computer Society" and featured a graphic of human bodies with heads of electronic gizmos.
    (www.time.com/time/covers/0,16641,19780220,00.html)

1980        Feb 20, Alice Longworth Roosevelt (b.1884), youngest daughter of Pres. Theodore Roosevelt, died.
    (www.theodore-roosevelt.com/alice.html)

1981        Feb 20, Space shuttle Columbia cleared the final major hurdle to its maiden launch by firing fired its three engines in a 20-second test.
    (AP, 2/20/00)

1982        Feb 20, Carnegie Hall in New York began $20 million renovations.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1985        Feb 20, Clarence Nash (80), voice of Donald Duck, died of leukemia, in Calif.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clarence_Nash)

1987        Feb 20, The Unabomber placed a bomb in a parking lot behind CAAMS computer store in Salt Lake City. CAAMS vice president, Gary Wright was seriously injured.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A3)(AP, 2/19/98)
1987        Feb 20, Soviet authorities released Jewish activist Josef Begun.
    (AP, 2/19/98)

1988        Feb 20, U.S. figure skater Brian Boitano won the gold medal in the men's competition at the Winter Olympic Games in Calgary, Canada, with Brian Orser of Canada placing second.
    (AP, 2/19/98)
1988        Feb 20, Peter Kalikow purchased the NY Post from Rupert Murdoch for $37.6 million.
    (http://tinyurl.com/qjxa2)

1989        Feb 20, US agents and NYC police arrested 12 people and confiscated 100 lbs heroin at 3 homes in Queens.
    (http://tinyurl.com/h637t)
1989        Feb 20, Members of the European Economic Community decided to withdraw their top diplomats from Iran to protest Ayatollah Khomeini's order for Muslims to kill author Salman Rushdie.
    (AP, 2/20/99)

1990        Feb 20, President Bush welcomed Czechoslovak President Vaclav Havel to the White House, promising trade rewards for Prague's moves toward democracy.
    (AP, 2/20/00)

1991        Feb 20, Quincy Jones’ “Back on the Block" was named album of the year at the 33rd Annual Grammy Awards.
    (AP, 2/20/01)
1991        Feb 20, In the Persian Gulf War, Baghdad radio said President Saddam Hussein would be sending Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz back to Moscow with a reply to a Soviet peace plan.
    (AP, 2/20/01)

1992        Feb 20, Texas billionaire Ross Perot told CNN's “Larry King Live" he would run for president if his name were placed on the ballot in all 50 states.
    (AP, 2/20/02)
1992        Feb 20, Dick York (b.1928), actor (Bewitched), died of emphysema.
    (www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=3135)

1993        Feb 20, Police in Liverpool, England, charged two 10-year-old boys with the abduction and slaying of toddler James Bulger, a crime that shocked the country and terrified parents. Jon Venables and Robert Thompson were later convicted.
    (AP, 2/19/98)
1993        Feb 20, Ferrucio Lamborghini (76), Italian auto-designer (Lamborghini, Miura), died.
    (www.conceptcarz.com/view/makeHistory/88,8843/makeHistory.aspx)

1994        Feb 20, Pope John Paul II demanded juristic discrimination of homosexuals.
    (www.fordham.edu/halsall/pwh/lgbcathbib11.html)
1994        Feb 20, Three armed Afghans seized a school bus in Islamabad with some 70 passengers including Pakistani children.
    (http://lists.asu.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A2=ind9402c&L=pakistan&T=0&F=&S=&P=452)
1994        Feb 20, Bosnian Serbs, faced with the threat of air strikes, pulled back most of their heavy guns from around Sarajevo as a NATO deadline approached.
    (AP, 2/20/99)

1995        Feb 20, An American Marine, Sgt. Justin A. Harris, died in a helicopter crash during the evacuation of United Nations forces from Somalia.
    (AP, 2/20/00)

1996        Feb 20, Republican Pat Buchanon won the New Hampshire primary over Bob Dole, Lamar Alexander and Steve Forbes 30.8 to 29.7 to 25.6 to 13.8%.
    (AP, 2/20/01)(SSFC, 1/25/04, p.A19)
1996        Feb 20, Gangsta rapper Snoop Doggy Dogg and his former bodyguard were acquitted of murder in the 1993 shooting death of an alleged gang member.
    (AP, 2/20/01)
1996        Feb 20, Kweisi Mfume began his job as President and CEO of the NAACP.
    (SFEC, 1/5/97, Z1 p.3)
1996        Feb 20, Senior Iraqi defector Al-Majid returned home after spending 6 months in Jordan. He was soon arrested and executed by government troops.
    (WSJ, 2/21/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)(SFEC, 3/7/99, p.A18)

1997        Feb 20, The National Transportation Safety Board called for a speedup in the redesign of the rudder controls on Boeing 737s, citing potential problems in a pair of deadly crashes.
    (AP, 2/19/98)

1998        Feb 20, The book “The Dream Palace of the Arabs" by Fouad Ajami (b.1945 in Lebanon) describes the emergence and collapse of the Arab enlightenment following WW I.
    (WSJ, 2/20/98, p.A16)1
1998        Feb 20, UN Ambassador Bill Richardson was shouted down by protestors against the invasion of Iraq at the Univ. of Minnesota. He abandoned his speech.
    (SFC, 2/21/98, p.A8)
1998        Feb 20, The UN Security Council voted to more than double the amount of oil Iraq may sell to buy food and medicine. The increase was from $2 bil to $5.256 bil, although Iraq has said it was only capable of producing $4 billion worth of oil over six months. With the US military poised to attack Iraq, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan began a final campaign to end the crisis over weapons inspections without bloodshed.
    (SFC, 2/21/98, p.A8)(AP, 2/21/08)
1998        Feb 20, In New York an FBI sting led to the arrest of 2 Chinese conspiring to arrange transplants of organs taken from the bodies of executed Chinese inmates.
    (SFC, 2/24/98, p.A3)
1998        Feb 20, In Columbia Army Major Eduardo Santos Vergara and 3 local police commanders were arrested for allegedly collaborating with paramilitary death squads in the north. They were accused of being responsible for the Nov. murder of Carlos Arturo Quiroz in San Jacinto.
    (SFC, 2/21/98, p.A9)
1998        Feb 20, In the Congo troops of Pres. Kabila were sent to quell a rebellion by Mai-Mai tribal warriors. A human rights group, Azadho, later charged the troops in a massacre of over 300 civilians in Butembo.
    (SFC, 3/7/98, p.A10)
1998        Feb 20, Tens of thousands of Croats protested in Zagreb against high unemployment and falling living standards.
    (SFC, 2/21/98, p.A10)
1998         Feb 20, In Israel hundreds of Israeli Arabs protested the threatened US strike against Iraq.
    (SFC, 2/21/98, p.A8)
1998        Feb 20, Tara Lipinski of the U.S. won the ladies' figure skating title at Nagano, becoming at age 15 the youngest gold medalist in Winter Olympics history; Michelle Kwan won the silver.
    (AP, 2/20/99)
1998        Feb 20, In Jordan a pro-Iraq march turned violent and one person was killed.
    (SFC, 2/21/98, p.A8)
1998        Feb 20, In Northern Ireland Sinn Fein was suspended from peace talks for 17 days on condition that it not engage in violence.
    (SFC, 2/21/98, p.A8)
1998        Feb 20, In Northern Ireland a 500-pound bomb in Moira left 11 people injured and wrecked a police station. It was blamed on the Continuity Army Council, an IRA splinter group.
    (SFEC, 2/22/98, p.A21)
1998        Feb 20, In New Zealand a 4th power cable failed in Auckland and the city was left without power. Full service was not expected until Mar 9.
    (SFC, 2/26/98, p.A7)
1998        Feb 20, In Sierra Leone former pres. Joseph Momoh was caught while trying to escape the capital under disguise as a woman. He was alleged to be a close advisor to the junta that ousted Pres. Kabbah.
    (SFC, 2/21/98, p.A9)

1999        Feb 20, The United States and five other nations agreed to extend by three days the deadline for a Kosovo peace agreement. NATO had threatened airstrikes against the Serbs if they did not reach an agreement with Albanian insurgents.
    (AP, 2/20/00)
1999        Feb 20, Gene Siskel (53), movie critic, died in Evanston, Ill., of complications from brain surgery.
    {film, usa}
    (SFEC, 2/20/99, p.D8)(SFC, 7/16/03, p.A19)(AP, 2/20/00)
1999        Feb 20, In France the peace talks between Serbs and ethnic Albanians of Kosovo were extended for 2 days.
    (SFEC, 2/20/99, p.A1)
1999        Feb 20, Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee of India rode to Pakistan by bus to meet with Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif for 2 days of talks.
    (SFEC, 2/20/99, p.A17)
1999        Feb 20, In Nigeria National Assembly elections were scheduled. 469 seats in a bicameral legislature were vied for by 3 parties. 360 members were for the House of Representatives and 109 were for senators.
    (WSJ, 2/19/99, p.A1)(SFEC, 2/20/99, p.A20)

2000        Feb 20, The Fox TV network canceled the scheduled rebroadcast of its highly rated special “Who Wants to Marry a Multimillionaire?" after learning that the groom, Rick Rockwell, once was accused of hitting and threatening to kill an ex-girlfriend, accusations Rockwell denied.
    (AP, 2/20/01)
2000        Feb 20, In Mitrovica, Kosovo, angry Serbs pelted US troops in the northern district during a citywide search for weapons.
    (SFC, 2/21/00, p.A10)
2000        Feb 20, In the Philippines 2nd round talks between the government and Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) separatists were cancelled. Government troops had earlier begun a major offensive and captured a section of Camp Omar in Maguindanao. Sporadic clashes ensued and dozens of people were killed.
    (SFC, 2/21/00, p.A14)
2000        Feb 20, In Senegal guerrillas ambushed 2 tour buses and killed 2 soldiers and 2 tour guides and injured about 20 European tourists at Kaliane village near Ziguinchor in the Casamance region.
    (SFC, 2/22/00, p.A10)
2000        Feb 20, In Turkey 3 Kurdish mayors, the leaders of over 35 Kurdish mayors, were arrested on charges that they maintained contacts with terrorists.
    (SFC, 2/21/00, p.A10)

2001        Feb 20, The government announced the arrest two days earlier of veteran FBI agent Robert Philip Hanssen, accused of spying for Russia for more than 15 years.
    (AP, 2/20/02)
2001        Feb 20, Space Shuttle Atlantis landed at Edwards air Force Base following a 13-day mission to the Int’l. Space Station. Three straight days of bad weather prevented the ship from returning to its Florida home port.
    (SFC, 2/21/01, p.A5)(AP, 2/20/02)
2001        Feb 20, In Israel Prime Minister Ehud Barak withdrew from a proposed position as Defense Minister under Ariel Sharon.
    (SFC, 2/21/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 20, Hassan Turabi, Sudan’s top Islamic theologian and former parliamentary speaker, called for the Sudanese to rise against the government of Omar el-Bashir. He was arrested the next day.
    (SFC, 2/23/01, p.A20)

2002        Feb 20, President Bush, on the final leg of his Asian trip, arrived in China, where he urged President Jiang Zemin to respect religious freedoms.
    (AP, 2/20/07)
2002        Feb 20, At the Salt Lake City Winter Olympics, Jim Shea won the men's skeleton race, finishing the two runs at Utah Olympic Park in one minute, 41.96 seconds. The victory was the culmination of an emotional two months for Shea, whose 91-year-old grandfather, Olympic gold medal speedskater Jack Shea, died four weeks earlier. American speedskater Apolo Anton Ohno won the 1,500 meters after South Korean Kim Dong-sung, who had crossed the finish line ahead of him, was disqualified.
    (SFC, 2/21/02, p.A1)(AP, 2/20/07)
2002        Feb 20, The Pentagon said its new Office of Strategic Influence would not spread falsehoods in the media to advance US war goals. The office was closed down Feb 26.
    (WSJ, 2/21/02, p.A1)(SFC, 2/27/02, p.A9)
2002        Feb 20, In Colombia guerrillas hijacked a commercial flight and took captive Sen. Jorge Eduardo Gechem Turbay. In response Pres. Andres Pastrana ended three-year-old peace talks with the FARC and ordered his military to retake the southern rebel haven. Gechem was released on Feb 27, 2008.
    (http://tinyurl.com/pz34776)(SFC, 2/21/02, p.A10)(Econ, 12/6/14, p.38)
2002        Feb 20, The Israeli Supreme Court ruled that the state must recognized as Jews people converted by Reform and Conservative rabbis in Israel.
    (SFC, 2/21/02, p.A15)
2002        Feb 20, Israeli forces fired on Palestinian police compounds and killed 12 security officials including 4 guards at Gaza police compounds and 6 policemen in Nablus.
    (SFC, 2/20/02, p.A8)
2002        Feb 20, In Nepal 12 Maoist guerrillas were killed in fighting at Kalikot and other locations.
    (SFC, 2/21/02, p.A13)
2002        Feb 20, In Sudan a government helicopter gunship attacked civilians waiting for food at a UN site and at least 17 people were killed. The US suspended peace efforts following the attack.
    (SFC, 2/22/02, p.A13)

2003          Feb 20, Pentagon officials said they will send over 1,700 US troops to the Philippines over the next few weeks to fight Muslim extremists.
    (SFC, 2/21/03, A1)
2003        Feb 20, Sami Al-Arian, a University of South Florida engineering professor, and seven other men were charged with financing a Palestinian terrorist group. Four of the men face trial; the other four have yet to be arrested. In 2005 a Florida jury cleared Al-Arian and 3 co-defendants of terror charges.
    (AP, 2/20/04)(SFC, 12/6/05, p.A5)
2003        Feb 20, Former Air Force Master Sgt. Brian Patrick Regan was convicted in Alexandria, Va., of offering to sell U.S. intelligence to Iraq and China but acquitted of attempted spying for Libya. Regan was later sentenced to life without parole.
    (AP, 2/20/04)
2003        Feb 20, A 17-year-old Mexican girl mistakenly given a heart and lungs with the wrong blood type received a second set of organs at Duke University Medical Center in North Carolina; however, Jesica Santillan suffered brain damage and died Feb 22.
    (AP, 2/20/04)
2003          Feb 20, The Station, a Warwick, Rhode Island, nightclub erupted in a raging fire during a pyrotechnics display at a rock concert, 98 people were killed and 200 others injured. Flammable soundproofing was later blamed. In Feb, 2006, Dan Biechele, manager of the band, pleaded guilty to 100 counts of manslaughter in exchange for up to 10 years in prison. He was sentenced to 4 years in prison. In 2008 Anheuser-Busch and a Rhode Island beer distributor agreed to pay $21 million to settle lawsuits brought by survivors of the fire.
    (SFC, 2/22/03, A1)(WSJ, 3/3/03, p.A1)(SFC, 2/1/06, p.A3)(SFC, 5/11/06, p.A7)(SFC, 5/24/08, p.A3)
2003          Feb 20, Orville L. Freeman (1919-2003) former governor of Minnesota (1955-1960) and US agriculture secretary under Pres. Kennedy and Johnson, died at age 84.
    (SFC, 2/22/03, A16)
2003          Feb 20, Maurice Blanchot (95), French postmodern novelist, died. His novels included "Thomas the Obscure" (1973).
    (SFC, 3/3/03, p.B6)
2003          Feb 20, Israeli soldiers killed a Palestinian and carried out house-to-house searches in the West Bank and divided the Gaza Strip into three parts, restricting the movement of more than 1 million Palestinians.
    (AP, 2/20/03)
2003          Feb 20, In Indian-controlled Kashmir explosives hidden in snow near a town market of Baramula killed six civilians.
    (AP, 2/20/03)
2003          Feb 20, In Pakistan a military plane crashed into a mountainside in a remote northwestern region, killing all 17 people on board, including the chief of the air force, Mushaf Ali Mir (57).
    (AP, 2/20/03)
2003          Feb 20, Peru replaced harsh anti-terrorism laws put in place by former Pres. Alberto Fujimori, and will review the sentences of at least 1,800 people.
    (AP, 2/21/03)
2003          Feb 20, In Saudi Arabia a British defense worker was killed by Saud bin Ali bin Nasser, a Saudi citizen.
    (SFC, 2/21/03, A1)
2003          Feb 20, In Spain police shut down the daily Egunkaria, a Basque-language newspaper, and arrested its editor-in-chief and 10 other executives on suspicion of aiding the armed separatist group ETA.
    (AP, 2/20/03)

2004        Feb 20, Pres. Bush bypassed the Senate and seated William H. Pryor Jr., Alabama attorney and abortion opponent, as an appeals court judge through 2005.
    (SFC, 2/21/04, p.A1)
2004        Feb 20, Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger directed the California state attorney general to take immediate legal steps to stop SF from granting marriage licenses to gay couples.
    (AP, 2/21/04)(SFC, 2/21/04, p.A1)
2004        Feb 20, In Virginia 1 person won at least $230 million in the Mega Millions lottery, becoming the biggest winner in the game's history.
    (AP, 2/21/04)
2004        Feb 20, In Texas a strain of avian flu was reported in Gonzales County. Further checks revealed that it was highly pathogenic, but posed little risk to humans.
    (SFC, 2/24/04, p.A3)
2004        Feb 20,  The US and a host of other countries urged Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide and opposition leaders to form a broad-based government as a move toward ending weeks of bloody conflict. Haiti's poorly trained and equipped police put up little resistance as rebels moved against the government.
    (AP, 2/20/04)
2004        Feb 20, In Iran Islamic hard-liners and reformers dueled during parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 2/20/04)
2004        Feb 20, Lithuania expelled three Russian diplomats for trying to gather information related to the impeachment of Lithuanian President Rolandas Paksas "in an improper and illegal way."
    (AP, 2/27/04)

2005        Feb 20, In Florida Jeff Gordon won his third Daytona 500. Gordon was born in Vallejo, California, and raised in Pittsboro, Indiana.
    (AP, 2/20/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeff_Gordon)
2005        Feb 20, Allen Iverson was selected MVP of the NBA All-Star game, helping the Eastern Conference to a 125-115 victory.
    (AP, 2/20/06)
2005        Feb 20, President Bush landed in Belgium to begin a five-day European trip aimed at fostering a friendly atmosphere early in his second term.
    (AP, 2/20/05)
2005        Feb 20, An estimate of the total US debt, public and private, amounted to $37 trillion.
    (SSFC, 2/20/05, p.C3)
2005        Feb 20, Sandra Dee (62), film actress born as Alexandra Zuck, died. She was arguably the biggest female teen idol of her time. Her films included "Gidget" and "Tammy and the Doctor." Her 1960 marriage to singer Bobby Darin ended in divorce in 1967.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 20, John Raitt (88), singer Bonnie Raitt's father, died. He was famous in his own right as the robust baritone who livened musicals such as "Carousel" and "The Pajama Game." He also starred in the 1957 Pajama Game film with Doris Day.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 20, Hunter S. Thompson (b.1937), gonzo journalist, committed suicide in Aspen, Colo. Thompson inserted himself into his accounts of America's underbelly and popularized a first-person form of journalism in books such as “The Rum Diary" (1998) and "Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas" (1972). His ashes were blown into the Colorado sky on Aug 20.
    (AP, 2/21/05)(SFC, 2/21/05, p.A8)(Econ, 2/26/05, p.86)(SSFC, 8/21/05, p.A6)
2005        Feb 20, Nearly 150,000 Turkish Cypriots and illegal mainland settlers voted in a parliamentary election for a government only recognized by Turkey but which is seen as a barometer of prospects for reunification of the war-divided island. The pro-reunification governing party of Mehmet Ali Talat won.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 20, Former Presidents George H.W. Bush and Bill Clinton visited Indonesia's tsunami-ravaged Aceh province, flying over a vast wasteland of destruction.
    (AP, 2/20/05)
2005        Feb 20, Iraqi and US security forces surrounded the city of Ramadi in an effort to confront a simmering insurgency there.
    (SFC, 2/21/05, p.A8)
2005        Feb 20, Iraqi forces captured Talib Mikhlif Arsan Walman al-Dulaymi (aka Abu Qutaybah), a key aide to Jordanian-born terrorist Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, who leads an insurgency affiliated with Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida network.
    (AP, 2/25/05)
2005        Feb 20, The Irish government identified 3 top Sinn Fein figures, including Gerry Adams, as members of the IRA command.
    (SFC, 2/21/05, p.A3)
2005        Feb 20, Israel's Cabinet gave final approval to the government's planned withdrawal from the Gaza Strip and four West Bank settlements.
    (AP, 2/20/05)
2005        Feb 20, In Peru Maoist Shining Path insurgents ambushed and killed three policemen in Huallaga Valley, a remote jungle area known for guerrilla activity.
    (AP, 2/22/05)
2005        Feb 20, Portugal voted in an early general election. Socialists led by Jose Socrates swept PM Pedro Santana Lopes' centre-right Social Democrats from office on the back of rising unemployment.
    (AFP, 2/20/05)(Econ, 2/26/05, p.49)
2005        Feb 20, Spanish voters endorsed the EU constitution in a nonbinding referendum.
    (SFC, 2/21/05, p.A3)
2005        Feb 20, In southern Russian security forces stormed an apartment building in Nalchik, Kabardino-Balkariya, where a small group of suspected Islamic militants had barricaded themselves, killing all the rebels.
    (AP, 2/20/05)
2005        Feb 20, In Sudan Sheik Abdul-Rahim al-Buraei (82), a top Sufi Islamic cleric who wrote mystical poems and helped peace efforts, died.
    (AP, 2/21/05)

2006        Feb 20, President George Bush, visiting Milwaukee, outlined his energy proposals to help wean the country off foreign oil.
    (AP, 2/20/07)
2006        Feb 20, A senior US official said Vietnam and the US have resumed their human rights dialogue after a three-year suspension, renewing links with "productive" talks.
    (AP, 2/20/06)
2006        Feb 20, Louisiana Gov. Kathleen Blanco outlined a $7.5 billion rebuilding, relocation and buyout plan for residents whose homes were damaged by last year’s hurricanes.
    (SFC, 2/21/06, p.A4)
2006        Feb 20, Scientists feared that leaping, hyperactive Asian carp, silver and bighead carp, will reach the US Great Lakes, devour the base of the food chain and spoil drinking water for 40 million people. The carp, which escaped lagoons in Arkansas during late 1990s flooding, could set off an ecological collapse in the lakes.
    (Reuters, 2/20/06)
2006        Feb 20, Curt Gowdy (1919), Montana-born sports announcer, died in Fla.
    (SFC, 2/21/06, p.B5)
2006        Feb 20, Archbishop Paul C. Marcinkus (84), a former Vatican bank chief linked to a huge Italian banking scandal in the 1980s, was found dead in his home in Sun City, Ariz.
    (AP, 2/20/07)
2006        Feb 20, In Austria right-wing British historian David Irving (67) pleaded guilty to charges of denying the Holocaust and conceded that he was wrong to say there were no Nazi gas chambers at the Auschwitz concentration camp.
    (AP, 2/20/06)
2006        Feb 20, Milan Lukic, a Bosnian Serb war crimes suspect who had been indicted by a UN tribunal in connection with atrocities during the former war in Bosnia, was extradited from Argentina to The Hague.
    (AP, 2/20/06)
2006        Feb 20, In Congo Reuters obtained a copy of a 2005 report of a parliamentary investigation, established to probe business deals signed during Congo's 1996-1997 and 1998-2003 wars. The report said dozens of government contracts struck during Congo's wars must be renegotiated, some companies closed and leading individuals brought to justice.
    (Reuters, 2/20/06)
2006        Feb 20, Farmers clashed on the island of Crete with striking seamen who kept Greece's ports closed for a fifth day. The protest has caused food and gasoline supply problems for some Greek islands, and forced farmers to dump perishable goods.
    (AP, 2/20/06)
2006        Feb 20, Zalmay Khalilzad, US ambassador to Iraq, warned Iraqi politicians they risk a loss of American support if they do not establish a genuine national unity government, saying the US will not invest its resources in institutions run by sectarians. At least 24 people, including an American soldier, were killed by bombings in Baghdad and elsewhere. Two Macedonian contractors were freed by kidnappers four days after they were abducted in Basra.
    (AP, 2/20/06)
2006        Feb 20, In Iraq the governing council of Karbala province said it was suspending contact with US forces over the behavior of soldiers during a visit to the governor's office two days ago.
    (AP, 2/20/06)
2006        Feb 20, At the Turin Olympics, Tanith Belbin and partner Ben Agosto snapped the US medals drought in figure skating with a silver; Russians Tatiana Navka and Roman Kostomarov won the gold.
    (AP, 2/20/07)
2006        Feb 20, Liberia's president inaugurated a truth commission to investigate crimes and human rights abuses committed in the war-battered country over the last quarter century.
    (AP, 2/20/06)
2006        Feb 20, In Nigeria militants in southern Nigeria destroyed an oil pipeline and blew up a boat in violence that has cut about 20 percent of crude production in Africa's oil giant.
    (AP, 2/20/06)
2006        Feb 20, Hamas began coalition talks to form the Palestinians' first government led by Islamic militants after winning the nod from moderate Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas.
    (AP, 2/20/06)
2006        Feb 20, Russian and Iranian negotiators concluded a day of talks on Moscow's offer to enrich uranium for Iran and agreed to continue.
    (AP, 2/20/06)
2006        Feb 20, UN mediated talks on the future status of Kosovo opened in Vienna as Serbs and ethnic Albanians staked out tough positions. The talks produced no agreement and were scheduled to resume in a month.
    (AP, 2/21/06)

2007        Feb 20, In a victory for President Bush, a divided federal appeals court ruled that Guantanamo Bay detainees could not use the U.S. court system to challenge their indefinite imprisonment.
    (AP, 2/20/08)
2007        Feb 20, In New Orleans, thousands of hurricane-weary residents joined with rowdy visitors to celebrate the second Mardi Gras since Katrina.
    (AP, 2/20/08)
2007        Feb 20, Vice President Dick Cheney arrived in Japan for a meeting with the emperor, dinner with the PM and a pep rally for US troops aboard the aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk.
    (AP, 2/20/07)
2007        Feb 20, It was reported that Jerry Yang (38), co-founder of Yahoo, will donate $75 million to Stanford Univ. Yang and David Filo founded Yahoo in March, 1995.
    (WSJ, 2/20/07, p.B5)
2007        Feb 20, Three men from Canada, Taiwan and the United States completed a 4,000 mile run across the Sahara Desert over 111 days to draw attention to the lack of access to water in many countries they crossed.
    (AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 20, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide attacker disguised as a health worker blew himself up at a hospital opening ceremony, wounding at least 6 US soldiers. An official said Afghan authorities raided dozens of guesthouses suspected of illegally serving alcohol and arrested 14 people, including five foreigners, in a crackdown on vice in this Islamic country.
    (AP, 2/20/07)(WSJ, 2/21/07, p.A1)
2007        Feb 20, Claiming a world first for a national government, Australia’s Environment Minister Malcolm Turnbull said incandescent lightbulbs would be phased out by 2010 in favor of the more fuel-efficient compact fluorescent bulbs.
    (AFP, 2/20/07)
2007        Feb 20, Britain’s PM Tony Blair said its 7,100 man force in Iraq would be cut to 5,500 over the next few months.
    (Econ, 2/24/07, p.68)
2007        Feb 20, In Britain Ken Livingstone, London's socialist mayor, signed an agreement with Venezuela's state-owned oil company to provide discounted oil for the city's iconic red buses.
    (AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 20, The Canadian government and Bill Gates announced an initiative to establish a research institute to develop an AIDS vaccine, committing a total of $119 million to the project.
    (AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 20, Congo’s army and UN officials said days of clashes between the army and Rwandan and Congolese militias in eastern Congo have killed at least 23 combatants and forced thousands to flee.
    (AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 20, EU ministers agreed to cut greenhouse gas emissions to 20% below their 1990 level by 2020.
    (SFC, 2/21/07, p.C5)
2007        Feb 20, In southern India a river boat carrying children on a school trip capsized, and at least 18 children and four teachers drowned, a local official said. Sixteen children were missing.
    (AP, 2/20/07)
2007        Feb 20, A car bomb and a suicide attacker killed at least 11 people across Baghdad. Later in the day a suicide bomber in Baghdad had struck a funeral procession and killed at least seven people. Outside Baghdad nearly 150 people were hospitalized complaining of breathing problems, vomiting and other ailments after a truck carrying a chlorine-based substance was hit by a roadside bomb north of Baghdad. The attack left 7 dead. A government statement said 3 officers of the Shiite-dominated police force have been cleared of allegations that they raped a Sunni woman in their custody. A raid on the car bomb factory near Karmah, in Anbar, uncovered a pickup truck and three other vehicles that were being prepared as car bombs.
    (AP, 2/20/07)(AFP, 2/22/07)(AP, 2/23/07)
2007        Feb 20, Nigeria's court of appeal ruled that President Olusegun Obasanjo had no legal power to sack of his deputy president for having joined an opposition party.
    (AFP, 2/20/07)
2007        Feb 20, Pakistani authorities shut down a zoo in Islamabad and slaughtered dozens of birds after the deadly H5N1 flu virus was found in peacocks and geese. This marked the fourth case of the virus detected in Pakistan this month.
    (AFP, 2/20/07)
2007        Feb 20, Mohammad Sarwar, a suspected Islamist zealot, shot dead Zil-e-Huma (37), social welfare minister of the Punjab government, because he believed women should not be in politics. Sarwar was immediately arrested.
    (Reuters, 2/20/07)
2007        Feb 20, In Somalia mortar rounds and rockets hit Mogadishu in a series of attacks that killed 15 people, including a 4-year-old boy, and wounded more than 40 others. The UN Security Council voted unanimously to authorize an African Union force to help stabilize Somalia.
    (AP, 2/20/07)(AFP, 2/20/07)
2007        Feb 20, Sri Lankan military aircraft bombed rebel-held territory, killing at least two villagers, as the military reported four more deaths.
    (AFP, 2/20/07)
2007        Feb 20, South Africa's environment minister announced long-awaited restrictions on hunting, declaring he was sickened by wealthy tourists shooting tame lions from the back of a truck and felling rhinos with a bow and arrow.
    (AP, 2/20/07)

2008        Feb 20, A US Navy SM-3 missile knocked out a dying US spy satellite. Officials said the intent was to destroy an onboard tank of toxic fuel.
    (SFC, 2/21/08, p.A3)
2008        Feb 20, In Afghanistan an explosion in Helmand province claimed the life of a British soldier. 30 Taliban militants were killed in a joint Afghan and foreign special forces operation backed by air support in southern Helmand province.
    (AP, 2/21/08)(AFP, 2/21/08)
2008        Feb 20, In Armenia thousands of opposition supporters marched through the capital after an election official said complete results showed that the prime minister had won the presidential election. On Jan 19, 2010, a court sentenced Nikola Pashinian, editor of the Armenian Times opposition newspaper, to seven years in prison for organizing mass unrest in the wake of the 2008 presidential elections.
    (AP, 2/20/08)(AP, 1/19/10)
2008        Feb 20, The US FDA inspected a heparin production facility in China. 19 deaths and some 350 allergic reactions had taken place among patients who received heparin sold in the US by Baxter Int’l. In March officials identified oversulfated condroitin sulfate, a chemical that does not occur naturally, as a contaminant in the drug. In April the death toll linked to contaminated heparin was raised to 62.
    (WS, 2/21/08, p.A1)(SFC, 3/20/08, p.C3)(SFC, 4/9/08, p.A5)
2008        Feb 20, Quebec provincial police conducted raids, breaking up a hacking ring that police said was responsible for an estimated CDN$45 million (US$44.3 million) in damage to computer systems.
    (www.pcworld.com/article/id,142711-c,hackers/article.html)
2008        Feb 20, Ecuador's government declared a national state of emergency police to help with aid in flooded regions. 12 people had died and thousands were displaced as severe rains and floods battered the small Andean nation.
    (AP, 2/21/08)
2008        Feb 20, German Chancellor Angela Merkel attacked Liechtenstein’s traditional banking secrecy and demanded a US-style deal giving Berlin insight into German investments in the Alpine tax haven.
    (AP, 2/20/08)
2008        Feb 20, In Ghana President Bush sought to soothe African fears about American interests on the continent. He said the US isn’t aiming to make Africa into a base for greater military power or a proxy battleground with China.
    (AP, 2/20/08)
2008        Feb 20, A powerful earthquake struck western Indonesia, killing three people and injuring 25 others.
    (AP, 2/20/08)
2008        Feb 20, Yevgeny Adamov, the former atomic energy minister whom Washington accused of stealing millions in U.S. government funds earmarked for bolstering security at Russian nuclear plants, was sentenced Wednesday to 5 ½ years in prison.
    (AP, 2/20/08)

2009        Feb 20, US Defense Secretary Robert Gates said up to 20 nations have offered to boost their civilian or military commitments to Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/20/09)
2009        Feb 20, A US Army medic was convicted of murder for his involvement in the execution-style slayings of four bound and blindfolded Iraqi detainees shot in the back of the head in the spring of 2007. The court sentenced him to life in prison.
    (AP, 2/21/09)
2009        Feb 20, California’s Gov. Schwarzenegger made nearly $1 billion in line-item trims and signed the new budget bill. The 33 bills in the budget plan included $15 billion in spending cuts, $11.4 billion in borrowing, $12.8 billion in taxes and about $2 billion in funds from the new federal stimulus package.
    (SFC, 2/20/09, p.A12)(SFC, 2/21/09, p.A1)
2009        Feb 20, In California Ahmadullah Sais Niazi (34), the Afghan-born brother-in-law of Osama bin Laden’s former bodyguard, was arrested in Orange County on charges that he lied about ties to terrorist groups on citizenship and passport papers.
    (SFC, 2/21/09, p.A4)
2009        Feb 20, Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal announced that he will decline stimulus money specifically targeted at expanding state unemployment insurance coverage, becoming the first state executive to officially refuse any part of the federal government’s payout to states.
    (http://news.yahoo.com/s/politico/19092;_ylt=AlTYJh.MxX8VcaG8HASlBbYDW7oF)
2009        Feb 20, In Homer, La., police officers Tim Cox and Joey Henry were involved in the fatal shooting of Bernard Monroe Sr. (73). The shooting sparked protests and at least 2 investigations. In July both officers resigned from the police force.
    (SFC, 7/29/09, p.A4)
2009        Feb 20, General Motors Corp.'s Swedish-based subsidiary Saab went into bankruptcy protection so the unit can be spun off or sold by its struggling US parent.
    (AP, 2/20/09)
2009        Feb 20, In Wampum, Pennsylvania, Jordan Brown (11) shot his father's pregnant fiancee, Kenzie Marie Houk (26), in the back of the head as she lay in bed. He then put his youth model 20-gauge shotgun back in his room before going out to catch his school bus. On March 29, 2010, a judge ruled that boy will be tried as an adult.
    (AP, 2/22/09)(SFC, 3/30/10, p.A10)
2009        Feb 20, Australian Federal Police agents with search warrants boarded an anti-whaling group's ship, the Steve Irwin, as it docked in the southern Australian city of Hobart. They seized videotapes of violent clashes between the activists and Japanese whalers.
    (AP, 2/21/09)
2009        Feb 20, The Canadian units of General Motors Corp and Chrysler sought as much as C$10 billion ($8 billion) in aid from the Canadian and Ontario governments as they fought to survive an industry wide crisis.
    (AP, 2/21/09)
2009        Feb 20, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton arrived in Beijing for talks with Chinese leaders after vowing not to let human rights block progress on the global economic crisis, climate change and security.
    (AP, 2/20/09)
2009        Feb 20, Chinese authorities closed a chemical plant being investigated for contaminating water supplies to 1.5 million people in the country's east. Water supplies were restored after a five-hour shutdown. Biaoxin Chemical Company caused "massive" tap water pollution in Yancheng, a city in east Jiangsu province. Investigators identified the pollutant as a phenol compound used to make products including air fresheners, medical ointments, cosmetics and sunscreens.
    (AP, 2/21/09)
2009        Feb 20, In Egypt 5 crew members died when a Ukrainian cargo plane crashed during takeoff, burst into flames and slid down the runway in the city of Luxor.
    (AP, 2/20/09)
2009        Feb 20, Christopher Nolan (43), an Irish poet and novelist, died in Dublin. He had refused to let cerebral palsy get in the way of his writing. Using a "unicorn stick" strapped to his forehead to tap the keys of a typewriter, Nolan laboriously wrote out messages and, eventually, poems and books as well. His autobiography, "Under the Eye of the Clock: The Life Story of Christopher Nolan," won the prestigious Whitbread Award in 1988.
    (AP, 2/22/09)(Econ, 2/28/09, p.91)
2009        Feb 20, In Israel Benjamin Netanyahu appealed to his moderate rivals to join him after the hard-liner was formally tapped to put together Israel's next ruling coalition, an alliance that would dilute the power of nationalists bent on derailing Mideast peace talks.
    (AP, 2/20/09)
2009        Feb 20, Kyrgyzstan ordered US forces to depart within six months from an air base key to military operations in Afghanistan, complicating plans to send more troops to battle rising Taliban and al-Qaida violence. A US military official said Uzbekistan will allow non-lethal US military cargo heading to Afghanistan to transit through the country.
    (AP, 2/20/09)
2009        Feb 20, Latvia's center-right coalition government resigned after weeks of instability brought on by the Baltic country's economic collapse. President Valdis Zatlers said he accepted the resignation of PM Ivars Godmanis and his administration, which had been in power since December 2007.
    (AP, 2/20/09)
2009        Feb 20, Madagascar security forces regained control of four government ministries overnight from opposition activists. Police arrested 50 people and no injuries were reported.
    (AP, 2/20/09)
2009        Feb 20, In Mexico criminal gangs in Ciudad Juarez followed up on threats and killed police officer Cesar Ivan Portillo and city jail guard Juan Pablo Ruiz as they left their homes before dawn to head to work. Public Safety Secretary Roberto Orduna, the police chief  of Ciudad Juarez, stepped down hours later.
    (AP, 2/20/09)
2009        Feb 20, In Myanmar the government announced an amnesty for 6,300 prisoners. Only a handful of political detainees were among those released.
    (SFC, 2/21/09, p.A2)(AFP, 2/22/09)
2009        Feb 20, Nigeria ordered its customs service and security and environmental agencies to clamp down on illegal imports of potentially toxic electronic waste.
    (AP, 2/20/09)
2009        Feb 20, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber attacked the funeral of a slain Shiite Muslim leader, killing 28 people and triggering deadly rioting.
    (AP, 2/20/09)
2009        Feb 20, A Swaziland government report said about 42 percent of pregnant women in the country are infected with the virus that causes AIDS, a 3 percent jump in a single year. An estimated 185,000 of Swaziland's 1 million people are HIV positive, and about 30,000 are receiving antiretrovirals.
    (AP, 2/20/09)
2009        Feb 20, In Somalia hardline Islamist militia attacked African Union forces in Mogadishu, killing one civilian and wounding two others.
    (AP, 2/20/09)
2009        Feb 20, Tamil Tiger rebel pilots on a kamikaze mission crashed their planes in the Sri Lankan capital, killing two people.
    (AP, 2/21/09)
2009        Feb 20, Banking details of eight American clients of Switzerland's largest bank were sent to US authorities along with the names of more than 240 other American clients of UBS. A Swiss court order blocking the move came too late to stop the action.
    (AP, 2/21/09)
2009        Feb 20, In southern Thailand suspected Muslim insurgents ambushed a military convoy and beheaded two soldiers in the second such attack this month.
    (AP, 2/20/09)
2009        Feb 20, Six African migrants drowned and 11 more are presumed dead after smugglers in the Gulf of Aden forced their passengers overboard in deep water off Yemen. The smuggling boat was carrying 40 Somalis and 12 Ethiopians when it approached Yemen's coast.
    (AP, 2/24/09)

2010        Feb 20, It was reported that confidential US FDA reports have recommended the removal of Avandia, a drug used to treat Type 2 diabetes, off the market. Also know as rosiglitazone, it was linked to 304 deaths due to heart attacks and heart failures during the 3rd quarter of 2009. GlaxoSmithKline held that Avandia should continue to be an option.
    (SFC, 2/20/10, p.A6)
2010        Feb 20, Alexander Haig (b.1924), a former US Secretary of State and four-star general, died of complications from an infection. He had served as a top adviser to three presidents and had sought the Republican presidential nomination for the 1988 elections.
    (AP, 2/20/10)
2010        Feb 20, In Florida 3 teenage girls crossing a bridge in Melbourne were killed by a freight train as they desperately tried to get out of its way. A helpless friend on the other side could only watch.
    (AP, 2/21/10)
2010        Feb 20, Loni Ding (78), filmmaker, educator and activist, died in Oakland, Ca. Her work included “Ancestors in the Americas," a 1996 PBS documentary. Over 3 decades she turned out more than 250 programs for broadcast, many of which explored the experiences of Asians in the New World.
    (SFC, 3/12/10, p.C6)
2010        Feb 20, In Afghanistan 2 NATO service members were killed, one by rocket or mortar fire in the east and another in a bombing in the south. The fatalities was not related to the Marjah area fighting.
    (AP, 2/21/10)
2010        Feb 20, China said 35 people were killed in fires during the week-long new year holiday as millions of people set off fireworks to usher in the Year of the Tiger.
    (AFP, 2/20/10)
2010        Feb 20, German weekly Der Spiegel reported that Germany's finance ministry has sketched out a plan in which countries using the euro currency will provide aid worth between 20 billion and 25 billion euros ($27-$33.7 billion) for Greece.
    (Reuters, 2/20/10)
2010        Feb 20, In India forestry officer Uday Vir Singh bluffed his way past private militia guarding the Belekeri port and proceeded to uncover a massive scam of illegal shipments of iron ore to China that involved hundreds of officials and politicians in Karnataka state.
    (Econ, 3/15/14, p.23)
2010        Feb 20, Iraq's main Sunni party said it is dropping out of next month's national elections, seizing on U.S. concerns about Iran's influence in the political process as proof that the vote will not be legitimate. Iraqi police said they found Adnan al-Dahan (57), a Syrian Orthodox shopkeeper, shot to death in Mosul, the fifth Christian killing in a week thought to be related to March elections.
    (AP, 2/20/10)(AFP, 2/20/10)
2010        Feb 20 - 2010, Feb 23, In Iraq 8,080 computers, worth $1.8 million from US taxpayers, arrived at the port of Umm Qasr destined for school children in Babil, but failed to reached their destination. In August Iraqis auctioned 4,200 of the computers for $45,700. Whereabouts of the rest were unknown. In Sep arrest warrants were issued for 10 customs officials at Umm Qasr and investigations continued.
    (SSFC, 9/26/10, p.A4)
2010        Feb 20, Israeli forces wounded at least four Palestinians in a firefight in the southern Gaza Strip and two more in the West Bank as they tried to cross into Israel. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and the Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade issued a joint statement saying their men had "attacked four Israeli army jeeps with rocket-propelled grenades, and they responded with machine-gun fire from an assault helicopter and tank fire."
    (AFP, 2/20/10)
2010        Feb 20, Mexican police found the bound bodies of two men on a highway just outside the Pacific coast resort of Acapulco. The body of a third man, missing its head and limbs, was found in Ciudad Altamirano, an inland city in Guerrero.
    (AP, 2/20/10)
2010        Feb 20, The Dutch coalition government collapsed over whether to extend the country's military mission in Afghanistan, leaving the future of its 1,600 soldiers fighting there uncertain. An early election is now expected.
    (AP, 2/20/10)
2010        Feb 20, A Pakistani army airstrike killed 30 militants in the Shawal mountains of the South Waziristan tribal region bordering Afghanistan. Suicide attackers struck two police stations in Mansehra district, killing a police chief.
    (AP, 2/20/10)
2010        Feb 20, On Portugal’s Madeira Islands torrential flash floods and mudslides killed at least 42 people in the capital city of Funchal. The number of people missing soon rose to 29.
    (AP, 2/21/10)(AP, 2/22/10)(AP, 2/23/10)(AP, 2/25/10)
2010        Feb 20, Rwandan police arrested 3 suspects in connection with three Feb 19 grenade attacks in Kigali that left two people dead.
    (AFP, 2/22/10)
2010        Feb 20, Darfur's most heavily armed rebel group, the Justice and Equality Movement, said that it had signed a framework agreement with the Sudanese government in Chad that provides for a ceasefire. Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir was due to sign the same agreement with JEM leader Khalil Ibrahim in Qatar on Feb 23, watched by diplomats and the presidents of Chad and Eritrea.
    (AFP, 2/20/10)(Reuters, 2/23/10)
2010        Feb 20, Ukrainian PM Yulia Tymoshenko dropped her legal challenge to her rival's presidential election victory, saying she had lost faith in the country's courts.
    (AFP, 2/20/10)

2011        Feb 20, It was reported that researchers have found a 225-percent increase in oral cancer cases in the United States from 1974 to 2007, mainly among white men. US scientists have said there is strong evidence linking oral sex to cancer, and urged more study of how human papillomaviruses may be to blame for a rise in oral cancer among white men.
    (AFP, 2/20/11)
2011        Feb 20, In Massachusetts a car driven by Aaron Deveau (17) slipped across the center line of a Haverhill street and crashed into a truck driven by Donald Bowley (55), who died 18 days later. Bowley’s girlfriend survived the crash. Car driver Aaron Deveau was convicted in 2012 for texting while driving and sentenced to a year in jail.
    (SFC, 6/7/12, p.A9)(http://tinyurl.com/77c4ouq)
2011        Feb 20, Afghan provincial Governor Fazlullah Wahidi said 64 civilians, including women and children, were killed in 4 days of operations by NATO and Afghan forces in eastern Kunar province. NATO said 36 armed insurgents were killed. Coalition forces fired at three insurgents planting a roadside mine near a NATO base in Nangarhar province. One weapon missed the target, hit a house and killed a couple and their four children.
    (Reuters, 2/20/11)(AP, 2/21/11)
2011        Feb 20, In Azerbaijan 7 teenage soldiers were killed at a military base in the west of the country. Local media saying a soldier went on a rampage before turning the gun on himself.
    (AP, 2/21/11)
2011        Feb 20, Bahrain's opposition wants the nation's rulers to guarantee they will back up their conciliatory words with actions. At least 7 people have been killed and hundreds injured since the Arab wave for change reached the Gulf last Feb 14.
    (AP, 2/20/11)
2011        Feb 20, In Burkina Faso Justin Zongo died while in police custody. The student's death sparked months of protests that left at least six dead. In August three policemen faced charges of aggravated assault related to his death.
    (http://brittanyinburkina.blogspot.com/2011/03/7h30.html)(AP, 8/23/11)
2011        Feb 20, In China opposition campaigners said the government has detained top activists and deployed heavy security in large cities after the launch of a web campaign calling for protests echoing popular uprisings in the Arab world. Police mounted huge security operations in Beijing, Shanghai and several other cities following microblog messages urging citizens to take part in silent walk-past protests.
    (AFP, 2/20/11)(Econ, 3/5/11, p.46)
2011        Feb 20, Egyptian banks opened after a week-long closure as the economy struggled to get back on its feet after political turmoil caused by the uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak and subsequent labor protests. Workers at Misr Spinning and Weaving, Egypt's largest factory, ended a strike and went back to work after the strikers' main demands were met.
    (Reuters, 2/20/11)(AFP, 2/20/11)
2011        Feb 20, In Estonia 8 disabled children (7-16) and 2 adults (20-21) were killed in an orphanage fire in the coastal town of Haapsalu. The orphanage was built in 1996 with help from Swedish and Finnish donations.
    (AP, 2/20/11)(AP, 2/21/11)
2011        Feb 20, Iceland's Pres. President Olafur R. Grimsson triggered a referendum on an updated plan to pay $5 billion to Britain and Netherlands for debts incurred from the financial crisis, creating new uncertainty over the island's economic recovery.
    (Reuters, 2/20/11)
2011        Feb 20, Indian lawmakers said the government is to concede to opposition demands for a cross-party probe into an alleged telecoms fraud that cost the nation up to $40 billion in lost revenue.
    (AFP, 2/20/11)
2011        Feb 20, An Iranian pro-government news agency claimed that armed opposition groups plan to fire on people participating in a rally set for this afternoon. A massive police deployment in Tehran prevented large-scale protests from erupting although Iranian opposition websites reported stray clashes and officials said the capital remained calm.
    (AP, 2/20/11)(AFP, 2/21/11)
2011        Feb 20, Iran finally withdrew its entire fleet of Soviet era Tupolev aircraft after a series of fatal accidents involving the planes.
    (AP, 2/20/11)
2011        Feb 20, In Iraq gunmen burst into the Kurdish NRT television station in Sulaimaniyah, shooting up the equipment and setting fire to the building, apparently in retaliation for footage they aired earlier in the week of a deadly protest.
    (AP, 2/20/11)
2011        Feb 20, Libyan forces fired machine-guns at mourners marching in a funeral for anti-government protesters in the eastern city of Benghazi, a day after commandos and foreign mercenaries loyal to longtime leader Moammar Gadhafi pummeled demonstrators with assault rifles and other heavy weaponry. A doctor at one Benghazi hospital said his morgue had received at least 200 dead from six days of unrest. Mehdi Mohammed Zeyo (49) drove his car, containing 2 gas canisters and a can of gunpowder into the gate of a Benghazi security base. Security forces shot the car and the following explosion allowed protesters and defecting soldiers inside the base. Moammar Gadhafi's son, Seif al-Islam, went on state TV late at night, warning civil war will break out if protests continue. Seif al-Islam vowed that his father and security forces would fight "until the last bullet." Bloody clashes killed at least 60 people.
    (AP, 2/20/11)(AP, 2/21/11)(SFC, 3/2/11, p.A3)
2011        Feb 20, In Mexico 5 cars were set afire in Acapulco and a man's body was found hacked to pieces outside an apartment building, one day before the start in the city of the Mexican Open tennis tournament.
    (AP, 2/20/11)
2011        Feb 20, In Morocco thousands of people marched in cities across the country, demanding a new constitution to bring more democracy and limits on the powers of King Mohammed VI. Leaders of the 2 biggest opposition forces boycotted the movement. 
    (AP, 2/20/11)(AFP, 2/20/11)(Econ, 2/26/11, p.28)
2011        Feb 20, In New Zealand a pod of 107 pilot whales were found stranded on a remote New Zealand beach. All members of the pod died, including 48 that were euthanized.
    (AP, 2/21/11)
 2011        Feb 20, Palestinian PM Salam Fayyad angrily denounced the US veto of a United Nations resolution condemning Israel's West Bank settlements and offered to form a unity government with the rival Hamas militant group.
    (AP, 2/20/11)
2011        Feb 20, Philippine rebels said police officer Jerwel Montecillo Tugade has been ordered released after being abducted Feb. 7 in Davao Oriental province. A fourth captive, army soldier Bryan Canedo, was still being held and questioned after he was seized Feb. 7 in Compostela Valley Province.
    (AP, 2/20/11)
2011        Feb 20, In Somalia at least 15 civilians, two African Union soldiers and six foreign fighters were killed in weekend fighting in Mogadishu.
    (AP, 2/20/11)
2011        Feb 20, In Tunisia several thousand protesters swarmed on the governmental palace to demand the ouster of the provisional government in power since the ouster of country's longtime strongman. Many were angry that PM Mohamed Ghannouchi, a longtime ally of Ben Ali, is still in his post, and fear the Tunisian revolution has been co-opted by the old guard.
    (AP, 2/20/11)
2011        Feb 20, Yemen's embattled Pres. Ali Abdullah Saleh sought a way out of the political crisis gripping his impoverished Arab nation, offering to oversee a dialogue between his ruling party and the opposition to defuse the ongoing standoff with protesters demanding his ouster. A total of seven people have been killed since the unrest began. Hundreds of Yemeni students demonstrated outside the Sanaa university campus on the eighth straight day of anti-regime protests in the capital. Hassan Baoum, a prominent separatist leader, was arrested.
    (AP, 2/20/11)(AFP, 2/20/11)(Econ, 2/26/11, p.29)

2012        Feb 20, The US and Mexico agreed to work together when drilling for oil and gas below their maritime border in the Gulf of Mexico.
    (SFC, 2/21/12, p.D3)
2012        Feb 20, In Alabama Savannah Hardin (9) died at Children's Hospital in Birmingham from dehydration and low sodium. On Feb 22 her stepmother and grandmother, Joyce Hardin Garrard, were accused of murder for allegedly killing the young girl by forcing her to run for three hours without stopping as punishment for lying about eating candy bars.
    (Reuters, 2/23/12)(SFC, 3/2/12, p.A8)
2012        Feb 20, In Afghanistan 3 Italian soldiers were killed when their armored jeep overturned in a river in Herat province as it raced to the rescue of another unit blocked by adverse weather conditions. Afghan police opened fire on int’l. troops killing one Albanian soldier. 11 Afghan policemen were arrested.
    (AFP, 2/20/12)(SFC, 2/21/12, p.A2)
2012        Feb 20, Algerian newspapers reported that a large cache of weapons, believed to originate from Libya, have been uncovered in the southern desert called In Amenas. They included dozens of Russian-made shoulder-launched missiles that can be used to shoot down airliners.
    (AFP, 2/20/12)
2012        Feb 20, The British government staged a "drought summit" to decide what action to take as low rainfall in recent months means large areas of Britain will face drought this year.
    (AFP, 2/20/12)
2012        Feb 20, China's Vice President Xi Jinping bade farewell to Ireland after a three-day visit during which Dublin sought to provide Beijing with a financial foothold in the EU.
    (AFP, 2/20/12)
2012        Feb 20, In northeastern China an explosion at a steel plant killed 13 people and injured another 17, in Liaoning province's Anshan city.
    (AFP, 2/21/12)
2012        Feb 20, Iraq's fugitive Vice President Tareq al-Hashemi in a broadcast interview said his bodyguards and other employees are being held in secret prisons and subjected to torture.
    (AFP, 2/20/12)
2012        Feb 20, Myanmar pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi's party said that the authorities had lifted campaign restrictions ahead of closely watched by-elections, just hours after it made a complaint.
    (AFP, 2/20/12)
2012        Feb 20, In Nigeria some 30 people were killed when suspected Islamists opened fire and set off bombs at a market in the northeastern city of Maiduguri.
    (AFP, 2/20/12)(AFP, 2/21/12)
2012        Feb 20, Senegal's opposition called for a new protest, prompting fears of fresh violence days before polls in which President Abdoulaye Wade's bid for a third term has upset the normally stable nation.
    (AFP, 2/20/12)
2012        Feb 20, South Korea conducted live-fire military drills from five islands near its disputed sea boundary with North Korea, despite Pyongyang's threat to attack.
    (AP, 2/20/12)
2012        Feb 20, Sudanese editors said intelligence agents have blocked the publication of articles alleging they bugged the offices of a leading opposition politician. Security officers seized all copies being printed of Al Tayar, which carried on the front page allegations by the Islamist opposition leader Hassan al-Turabi.
    (AFP, 2/20/12)(AFP, 2/22/12)
2012        Feb 20, Syria's military sent tanks and other reinforcements toward the restive central city of Homs in what appeared to be preparations by President Bashar Assad's regime for an offensive aimed at retaking rebel-held neighborhoods. The Observatory said that shelling of the Baba Amr district killed five civilians. Troops conducted raids in the southern village of Harrah, where at least nine people were detained.
    (AP, 2/20/12)
2012        Feb 20, In southern Yemen gunmen blew up a voting station, one day before the country is to go to the polls to rubber stamp its vice president as the new head of state.
    (AP, 2/20/12)

2013        Feb 20, The US announced a strengthening of its efforts to prevent the theft of trade secrets. China was mentioned prominently.
    (SFC, 2/8/13, p.44)
2013        Feb 20, It was reported that the US National Institutes of Health is in the planning stages of a massive effort called the Brain Activity Map (BAM) to understand how neurons actually process information. On March 7 protagonists published a manifesto for BAM in Science.
    (SFC, 2/20/13, p.D3)(Econ, 3/9/13, p.79)
2013        Feb 20, In San Francisco tech and investment luminaries announced the new $3 million Life Sciences Breakthrough Prize and named the effort’s first 11 winners.
    (SFC, 2/21/13, p.C1)
2013        Feb 20, An anti-whaling activist group accused a Japanese whaling vessel of intentionally ramming two of its ships in waters near Antarctica. Japan's Fisheries Agency, however, insisted the protesters were responsible for the collisions.
    (AP, 2/20/13)
2013        Feb 20, Scottish singer Emeli Sande won the coveted best album honour at the BRIT Awards for "Our Version of Events", confirming her status as favourite going into British pop's big night of the year.
    (Reuters, 2/20/13)
2013        Feb 20, Bulgaria's center-right government of PM Boiko Borisov resigned after days of violent protests fueled by outrage over rising energy costs, corruption and a general economic decline in what is already the EU's poorest nation. In early March Pres. Rosen Plevneliev announced a caretaker cabinet led by Marin Raykov.
    (AP, 2/20/13)(Econ, 3/23/13, p.60)
2013        Feb 20, The Czech Agriculture and Food Inspection Authority said DNA tests showed two batches of frozen Nowaco Lasagne Bolognese in a branch of the Tesco supermarket chain in the western city of Pilsen contained horsemeat. Luxembourg was listed as the country of origin.
    (Reuters, 2/20/13)
2013        Feb 20, In Greece a 24-hour protest by unions representing private and public sector workers disrupted flights, halted ferries and crippled public services, in a renewed confrontation between labor groups and the conservative-led government over policies aimed at curbing Greece's overspending.
    (AP, 2/20/13)
2013        Feb 20, A Lebanese judge indicted three people, including a former Cabinet minister and a top Syrian intelligence general, in a bombing plot in Lebanon, a move that could raise tension in Lebanon over the civil war in neighboring Syria. Judge Riad Abu Ghaida demanded the death penalty for former information minister, Michel Samaha, Syrian Brig. Gen. Ali Mamlouk and a Syrian colonel, identified only by his first name, Adnan.
    (AP, 2/20/13)
2013        Feb 20, In Mali Islamic extremists clashed with military in the northern city of Gao. A French Tigre attack helicopter fired on a pickup truck containing jihadist fighters during clashes in northern Mali, killing about 10 insurgents. The military pushed fighters out of Gao. 16 jihadists were reported killed in the fighting in Gao.
    (AP, 2/21/13)(AP, 2/22/13)
2013        Feb 20, Human Rights Watch called Mexico's anti-drug offensive "disastrous" in a report that cited 249 cases of disappearances that the group says mostly show evidence of having been carried out by the military or law enforcement.
    (AP, 2/20/13)
2013        Feb 20, Nigeria's secret police said they have broken up a terrorist group backed by "Iranian handlers" who wanted to assassinate a former military ruler and gather intelligence about locations frequented by Americans and Israelis. A suicide bombing in Maiduguri killed three civilians and injured soldiers.
    (AP, 2/20/13)(AP, 2/21/13)
2013        Feb 20, In Syria 2 mortars exploded next to a soccer stadium in central Damascus, killing one player and injuring several. The pro-government Al-Watan daily said the airport in Aleppo is still under military control and "safe" from rebels fighting to capture it.
    (AP, 2/20/13)

2014        Feb 20, In northern California Cherie Lash Rhoades (44), a member of the Cedarville Rancheria tribe, killed 4 people at the tribe’s headquarters, including 3 members of her own family. She was recently ousted as chairwoman of the tribe and was under investigation over at least $50,000 in missing federal grants. The tribe had just 35 members and owned 26 acres in the area.
    (SFC, 2/22/14, p.C3)
2014        Feb 20, A court in Cape Coral, Florida, ruled that living off the grid is illegal. Robin Speronis has been fighting the city of Cape Coral since November when a code enforcement officer tried to evict her from her home for living without utilities.
    (http://tinyurl.com/lcgxy9h)
2014        Feb 20, In Georgia Sarah Jones (27), a camera assistant, was killed by a freight train on the set of the film “Midnight Rider." On July 3 prosecutors announced indictments against three filmmakers on charges of involuntary manslaughter. On March 9, 2015, director Randall Miller was sentenced to two years in jail as part of a plea deal.   
    (SFC, 7/4/14, p.A6)(SFC, 3/10/15, p.A6)
2014        Feb 20, Guantanamo Bay prisoner Ahmed al-Darbi (39) of Saudi Arabia pleaded guilty to war crimes charges for helping plan the suicide bombing of an oil tanker off Yemen in 2002 that killed a crewman and wounded a dozen others.
    (AP, 2/20/14)
 2014        Feb 20, Former New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin was convicted on 20 counts accepting bribes.
    (Econ, 2/15/14, p.28)
2014        Feb 20, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber on foot killed a security guard and wounded four civilians outside a hospital in northern Kabul.
    (AP, 2/20/14)
2014        Feb 20, In Albania more than 5,000 opposition supporters marched peacefully through the capital Tirana, accusing the government of failing to fight poverty and unemployment.
    (AP, 2/20/14)
2014        Feb 20, Former News of the World editor Rebekah Brooks (45) was acquitted of one charge at Britain's phone hacking trial as she began her defense against four more.
    (AP, 2/20/14)
2014        Feb 20, Formula One boss Bernie Ecclestone won a multimillion-dollar case at London's High Court relating to the sale of F1 in 2005.
    (AP, 2/20/14)
2014        Feb 20, The Organization of Islamic Cooperation, the world's largest bloc of Islamic countries, agreed to send a high-level fact-finding mission to the Central African Republic. The Saudi Arabia-based OIC also agreed to appoint a special representative to coordinate efforts with the African Union and the United Nations.
    (AP, 2/20/14)
2014        Feb 20, China's capital Beijing issued an emergency pollution alert for the first time, warning residents to reduce outdoor activities and construction sites to control dust given a forecast of heavy smog over the next three days.
    (Reuters, 2/20/14)
2014        Feb 20, In Egypt two Al-Jazeera journalists who went on trial with other colleagues shouted from the defendants' cage that they faced "psychologically unbearable" conditions in prison.
    (AP, 2/20/14)
2014        Feb 20, German police raided the homes of nine elderly men suspected of serving as SS guards at the Auschwitz death camp and arrested three of them on allegations of accessory to murder.
    (AP, 2/20/14)
2014        Feb 20, India's Parliament approved a plan to create a 29th state following days of political mayhem over the division of southern Andhra Pradesh state.
    (AP, 2/20/14)
2014        Feb 20, In India police found the body of Erin Willinger, an American woman, in a deserted part of Agra near the Taj Mahal. Police said she was stabbed to death by her husband, Bunty Sharma, who then committed suicide by igniting cooking gas. They had been married for four months.
    (SSFC, 2/23/14, p.A4)
2014        Feb 20, Rights groups criticized an agreement between Indonesia and Saudi Arabia aimed at giving Indonesian maids more protection in the kingdom, with one saying "justice is still far away" for them.
    (AFP, 2/20/14)
2014        Feb 20, Iran and world powers agreed a timetable and framework for the ambitious and arduous process of hammering out a lasting nuclear accord by July 20 that satisfies all sides.
    (AP, 2/20/14)
2014        Feb 20, Italy's parliament passed a law that will phase out state financing of political parties, in response to public anger over its high cost and the tendency for it to breed waste and corruption.
    (Reuters, 2/20/14)
2014        Feb 20, In Lebanon Abdelrahman Diab (Abdel Rahman Youssef), an Alawite official in the Arab Democratic Party, was gunned down in Tripoli. A 2nd man, a Sunni, was also killed.
    (AFP, 2/20/14)(Reuters, 2/20/14)
2014        Feb 20, Libyans voted on who should draft a new constitution they hope will help defuse a potentially deadly conflict between powerful militias and parliament members backed by armed factions.
    (AP, 2/20/14)
2014        Feb 20, In North Korea dozens of elderly North and South Koreans separated for six decades reunited at North Korea’s Diamond Mountain resort, weeping and embracing in a rush of words and emotion.
    (AP, 2/20/14)
2014        Feb 20, Pakistani air force jets bombed militant hideouts in the country's volatile northwest after government efforts to negotiate a peace deal with the Pakistani Taliban broke down earlier this week. 15 people were reported killed.
    (AP, 2/20/14)(AFP, 2/20/14)
2014        Feb 20, Two Saudi security officers and two people they were trying to detain were killed in a gunfight in the eastern town of al-Awamiya, an area where minority Shi'ite Muslims have staged regular anti-government protests.
    (Reuters, 2/20/14)
2014        Feb 20, In northern Syria a powerful explosion rocked the Bab al-Salama border crossing with Turkey, killing at least 5 people and wounding many others.
    (AP, 2/20/14)
2014        Feb 20, In Thailand protesters campaigning to oust PM Yingluck Shinawatra turned to Facebook and other social media to attack businesses linked to her family and rallied outside the offices of a property developer whose share price tumbled.
    (Reuters, 2/20/14)
2014        Feb 20, In Ukraine protesters, fearing that a call for a truce was a ruse, tossed firebombs and advanced upon police lines in Kiev. Government snipers shot back and the almost-medieval melee that ensued left at least 70 people dead. Ukraine's Interior ministry says 67 police were captured by protesters. The head of Kiev's city administration quit the party of President Viktor Yanukovich in protest at the bloodshed on the streets.
    (AP, 2/20/14)(Reuters, 2/20/14)
2014        Feb 20, In Venezuela security forces faced off with demonstrators in streets blocked by burning barricades in several cities in an escalation of protests against President Nicolas Maduro's socialist government.
    (Reuters, 2/20/14)
2014        Feb 20, Yemen police opened fire on a protest march on Khor Maksar late today, killing one demonstrator and wounding 12 others.
    (AFP, 2/21/14)

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