Today in History - February 21

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556        Feb 21, Maximianus van Ravenna, bishop (Basilica S Stefano), died.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1173        Feb 21, Pope Alexander III canonized Thomas Becket (1117-1170) of Canterbury.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Becket)

1543        Feb 21, In the Battle at Wayna Daga Ethiopian and Portuguese troops beat Moslem army. Ahmed Gran, sultan of Adal, died in the battle.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gelawdewos_of_Ethiopia)

1554        Feb 21, Hieronymus Bock, German doctor (founder of modern botany), died.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1595        Feb 21, Robert Southwell, English-Jesuit poet, was hanged for "treason" being a Catholic.
    (HN, 2/21/99)(MC, 2/21/02)

1613        Feb 21, Mikhail Romanov (17), son of Patriarch of Moscow, was elected czar of Russia. He was crowned Jun 22. The Romanovs began to rule over Russia and lasted until 1917.
    (PCh, 1992, p.220)(SFC, 4/19/97, p.A3)(http://eefy.editme.com/L18b)

1674        Feb 21, Johann Augustin Kobelius, composer, was born.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1677        Feb 21, [Benedictus] Baruch Spinoza (b.1632), Dutch philosopher, died. In 2003 Antonio Damasio authored "Looking for Spinoza," a look at contemporary neurological research in contrast with the opposing philosophical views of Spinoza and Descartes. In 2005 Matthew Stewart authored “The Courtier and the Heretic: Leibniz, Spinoza, and the Fate of God in the Modern World.
    (WUD, 1994 p.1371)(SSFC, 2/2/03, p.M4)(WSJ, 12/15/05, p.D8)

1690        Feb 21, Christoph Stoltzenberg, composer, was born.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1728        Feb 21, Peter III, Russian Tsar (1762), husband of Catherine, was born in Kiel Germany. [see Feb 10]
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1744        Feb 21, The British blockade of Toulon was broken by 27 French and Spanish warships attacking 29 British ships.
    (HN, 2/21/98)

1775        Feb 21, As troubles with Great Britain increased, colonists in Massachusetts voted to buy military equipment for 15,000 men.
    (HN, 2/21/99)

1792        Feb 21, US Congress passed the Presidential Succession Act. [see Mar 1]
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1794        Feb 21, Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, Mexican Revolutionary, was born.
    (HN, 2/21/98)

1795        Feb 21, Francisco Manuel da Silva, composer, was born.
    (MC, 2/21/02)
1795        Feb 21, Freedom of worship was established in France under constitution.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1797        Feb 21, Trinidad, West Indies surrendered to the British.
    (HN, 2/21/98)

1801        Feb 21, John Henry Newman, was born. He was the Protestant vicar who converted to Catholicism and became a Roman Catholic Cardinal. He authored “Dream of Gerontius."
    (HN, 2/21/99)(MC, 2/21/02)

1803        Feb 21, Edward Despard became the last person drawn & quartered in England.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1814        Feb 21, Nicolo Gabrielli, composer, was born.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1821        Feb 21, Charles Scribner, was born. He founded the New York Publishing firm which became Charles Scribner's Sons and also founded Scribner's magazine.
    (HN, 2/21/99)

1828        Feb 21, The first issue of the Cherokee Phoenix, the 1st American Indian newspaper in US, was printed, both in English and in the newly invented Cherokee alphabet.
    (HN, 2/21/98)(MC, 2/21/02)

1836        Feb 21, Leo Delibes, ballet composer (Coppelia), was born in Saint-Germain-du-Val, France.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1838        Feb 21, Alexis De Rochon, Spyglass Developer, was born.
    (HN, 2/21/98)

1842        Feb 21, 1st known sewing machine was patented in US by John Greenough in Wash, DC.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1844        Feb 21, Charles-Marie Widor, composer, professor (Paris Conservatory), was born in Lyons, France.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1846        Feb 21, Sarah G. Bagley became the first female telegrapher, taking charge at the newly opened telegraph office in Lowell, Mass.
    (AP, 2/21/00)

1849        Feb 21, In the Second Sikh War, Sir Hugh Gough’s well placed guns won a victory over a Sikh force twice the size of his at Gujerat on the Chenab River, assuring British control of the Punjab for years to come.
    (HN, 2/21/98)

1852        Feb 21, Nikolai Gogol (b.1809), Russian novelist and playwright, died (OS) [see Mar 4].
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikolai_Gogol)

1862        Feb 21, The Texas Rangers won a Confederate victory in the Battle of Val Verde, New Mexico.
    (HN, 2/21/98)
1862        Feb 21, Confederate Constitution & presidency were declared permanent.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1864        Feb 21, The 1st US Catholic parish church for blacks was dedicated in Baltimore.
    (MC, 2/21/02)
1864        Feb 21-22, Battle at Okolona, Mississippi.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1866        Feb 21, Lucy B. Hobbs became the first woman to graduate from a dental school, the Ohio College of Dental Surgery in Cincinnati.
    (AP, 2/21/98)

1867        Feb 21, Otto Hermann Kahn (d.1934), banker who the organized Metropolitan Opera Co, was born.
    (MC, 2/21/02)(WSJ, 8/13/02, p.D4)

1874        Feb 21, The Tribune of Oakland, Ca., was founded by George Staniford and Benet A. Dewes. The Oakland Daily Tribune was first printed at 468 Ninth St. as a 4-page, 3-column newspaper, 6 by 10 inches. Staniford and Dewes gave out copies free of charge. The paper had news stories and 43 advertisements.
    (SFEC, 5/17/98, BR p.5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oakland_Tribune)
1874        Feb 21, Benjamin Disraeli replaced William Gladstone as English premier. Disraeli's 2nd ministry continued to 1880.
    (MC, 2/21/02)(PC, 1992, p.530)

1876        Feb 21, Constantin Brancusi (d.1957), Romanian-French sculptor (Princesse X), was born in Hobitza, Romania. he made it to Paris in 1902. His works include “The Kiss" (1908) and the “Sleeping Muse" (1910).
    (WSJ, 10/19/95, A-18)(WSJ, 11/30/01, p.W12)(MC, 2/21/02)

1878        Feb 21, The first telephone directory was issued, by the District Telephone Company of New Haven (New Harbor), Conn. It contained the names of its 50 subscribers. As of 2007 regulators began granting telecommunications companies the go-ahead to stop mass-printing residential phone books.
    (AP, 2/21/98)(WSJ, 11/24/07, p.W7)(AP, 11/11/10)

1885        Feb 21, The Washington Monument was dedicated by Pres. Chester A. Arthur.
    (HN, 2/21/98)(AP, 2/21/98)(ON, 3/00, p.10)

1887        Feb 21, The 1st US bacteriology laboratory opened in Brooklyn.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1893        Feb 21, Andés Segovia (d.1987), Spanish classical guitarist, was born in Linares, Spain.
    (WUD, 1994 p.1291)(HN, 2/21/01)(MC, 2/21/02)

1894        Feb 21, Gustave Caillebotte (b.1848), French Impressionist painter, died.
    (Econ, 5/21/11, p.89)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustave_Caillebotte)

1895        Feb 21, The NC Legislature adjourned for the day to mark the death of Frederick Douglass.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1901        Feb 21, The steamer City of Rio de Janeiro piled up on rocks at Fort Point at the bay entrance of San Francisco. Only 82 of some 210 people were rescued, mostly by Italian fishing boats. Many of the dead were Chinese immigrants. The ship was being guided by bar pilot Frederick W. Jordan when it hit submerged rock near Lime Point in 320 feet of water. The remains of the ship were reportedly discovered in 1987 and a consortium hoped to salvage an alleged secret cargo of $2 million in silver bars. The wreck of the ship has never since been located. In November, 2014, a remote submersible discovered the remains of the ship in 287 feet of water.  
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS_City_of_Rio_de_Janeiro)(SFEC, 2/23/96, Z1 p.5)(SFEC, 12/26/99, p.W2)(SFC, 2/21/01, p.A17)(SSFC, 8/5/12,  DB p.42)(SFC, 6/29/13, p.C2)(SFC, 12/11/14, p.A1)
1901        Feb 21, Stephen M. White (b.1853), former US Senator from California (1893-1899), died. He is remembered as the “Father of Los Angeles Harbor."
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephen_M._White)

1902        Feb 21, Dr. Harvey Cushing, US brain surgeon, performed his 1st brain operation.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1903        Feb 21, Anais Nin (d.1977), novelist (Winter of Artifice, House of Incense), was born in Paris: “People do not live in the present always, at one with it. They live at all kinds of and manners of distance from it, as difficult to measure as the course of planets. Fears and traumas make their journeys slanted, peripheral, uneven, evasive."
    (AP, 9/7/97)(MC, 2/21/02)
1903        Feb 21, The cornerstone laid for US army war college in Washington, DC.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1905        Feb 21, France violated the 1880 Treaty of Madrid by demanding control in Morocco of the Sultan's army and police. These demands were made without consulting Germany. In the “Morocco Crisis" German Chancellor Bernhard von Bulow sent the Kaiser to visit Tangier on March 31 to see if France would mobilize.
    (http://www.worldwar1.com/tlmorcri.htm)
1905        Feb 21, The Mukden campaign of the Russo-Japanese War, began. In one of the largest battles ever fought up to that time, some 750,000 Japanese and Russian soldiers engaged in the battle for Mukden in the Russo-Japanese War. The 3-week battle pitted 400,000 Japanese and 350,000 Russians stretched over a front extending more than 90 miles. More than 100,000 were left dead or injured as the Russians began a retreat toward Harbin on March 9.
    (HN, 2/21/98)(HNQ, 4/23/99)

1907        Feb 21, Wystan Hugh Auden (d.1973), American poet, critic and playwright, was born in England. He wrote the libretto for Benjamin Britten’s first music drama (1941), “Paul Bunyan." He died in Austria after suffering from Touraine-Solente-Gole in which the skin of the forehead, face, scalp, hands, and feet becomes thick and furrowed. “Political history is far too criminal and pathological to be a fit subject of study for the young. Children should acquire their heroes and villains from fiction." His work included “The Age of Anxiety." In 1998 Norman Page published “Auden and Isherwood: The Berlin Years."
    (HFA, ‘96, p.22)(AHD, 86)(WSJ, 2/12/96, p.A-13)(WSJ, 1/8/98, p.A7)(AP, 4/15/98)(WSJ, 4/23/98, p.A16)(SFEC, 9/27/98, BR p.8)(HN, 2/21/01)

1910        Feb 21, John Galsworthy's "Justice," premiered in London.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1911        Feb 21, Gustav Mahler conducted his last concert.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1914        Feb 21, White Wolf troops attacked Zhanjiang, China.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1915        Feb 21, The 20th Russian Army corps surrendered.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1916        Feb 21, The World War I Battle of Verdun began in France with an unprecedented German artillery barrage of the French lines; the French were able to prevail after 10 months of fighting. German Gen’l. Erich von Falkenhayn launched the attack.
    (AP, 2/21/98)(HN, 2/21/01)(Sm, 2/06, p.38)

1920        Feb 21, Robert S. Johnson, was born. He became the American World War II fighter ace who shot down 27 German planes.
    (HN, 2/21/99)
1920          Feb 21, A Prussian Lithuanian National Council urged the Lithuanian government and the Allies to take measures for uniting the Klaipeda region to Lithuania.
    (LHC, 2/21/03)

1921        Feb 26, Betty Hutton, actress (Greatest Show on Earth), was born in Battle Creek, MI.
    (http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0002149/)
1921        Feb 26, Karl Menger (b.1840), Austrian economist, died in Vienna. He was the founder of the Austrian School of economics, famous for contributing to the development of the theory of marginal utility. In 1892 he said that the monetization of an economy starts when agricultural communities move away from subsistence farming and start to specialize.
    (Econ, 8/18/12, p.68)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Menger)

1922        Feb 21, Murray "the K" Kaufman, NYC DJ (5th Beatle), was born.
    (MC, 2/21/02)
1922        Feb 21, Airship Rome exploded at Hampton Roads, Virginia, and 34 died.
    (MC, 2/21/02)
1922        Feb 21, Great Britain granted Egypt independence.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1924        Feb 21, Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwe president, was born in southern Rhodesia into the Zezeru sub-group of the Shona tribe.
    (www.afroamerica.net/RobertMugabe122001.html)(Econ, 1/15/05, p.44)

1925        Feb 21, Sam Peckinpah, film director (Wild Bunch, Straw Dogs), was born in Fresno, CA.
    (MC, 2/21/02)
1925        Feb 21, The first issue of the New Yorker magazine, founded by Harold Ross, hit the newsstands, selling for 15 cents a copy.  Raoul Fleischmann provided the financial backing. The top hatted character Eustace Tilley appeared on the cover of the first issue and every anniversary issue. In 1999 Mary F. Corey published "The World Through a Monocle: The New Yorker at Midcentury." In 2000 Ben Yagoda authored "About Town: The New Yorker and the World It Made." In 2000 Ranata Adler authored "Gone: The Last Days of the New Yorker."
    (AP, 2/21/98)(SFEC, 6/27/99, BR p.4)(SFEC, 2/20/00, BR p.5)(SSFC, 6/20/04, p.M1)

1927        Feb 21, Erma Bombeck, author and humorist, was born. She became an American syndicated columnist whose column "At Wit's End" humorously dealt with life as a wife and mother. Her work included “The Grass is Always Greener Over the Septic Tank."
    (HN, 2/21/01)
1927        Feb 21, Hubert de Givenchy, fashion designer (Audrey Hepburn), was born in Beauvais, France.
    (MC, 2/21/02)
1927        Feb 21, Franz Lehar's opera "Zarewitsch," premiered.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1930        Feb 21, Marc Connelly's "Green Pastures," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1931        Feb 21, Alka Seltzer was introduced. [see Dec 31]
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1932        Feb 21, Camera exposure meter was patented by WN Goodwin.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1934        Feb 21, Nicaraguan patriot Augusto Cesar Sandino was assassinated by National Guard.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1940        Feb 21, The Germans began construction of a concentration camp at Auschwitz. Hans Munch was an SS doctor at the camp and later reported his experiences there in detail for the 1998 TV documentary “People’s Century." [see Mar 27]
    (HN, 2/21/98)(WSJ, 6/8/98, p.A21)

1943        Feb 21, German tanks and two infantry battalions broke the Allied line and took Kasserine Pass in North Africa.
    (HN, 2/21/98)

1944        Feb 21, Hideki Tojo became chief of staff of the Japanese army.
    (HN, 2/21/98)

1945        Feb 21, The Bismarck Sea was the last U.S. Navy aircraft carrier to be sunk in combat during World War II. The escort carrier Bismarck Sea  was supporting the invasion of Iwo Jima, when about 50 kamikazes attacked the U.S. Navy Task Groups 58.2 and 58.3. Fleet carrier Saratoga was struck by three suicide planes and so badly damaged that the war ended before she returned to service. At 6:45 p.m., two Mitsubishi A6M5 Zeros approached Bismarck Sea, which opened fire with her anti-aircraft guns. One Zero was set on fire, but its suicidal pilot pressed home his attack and crashed into the carrier abreast of the aft elevator, which fell into the hangar deck below. Two minutes later, an internal explosion devastated the ship, and at 7:05 p.m., Captain J.L. Pratt ordered Abandon Ship. Ravaged by further explosions over the next three hours, Bismarck Sea sank at 10 p.m., the last U.S. Navy carrier to go down as a result of enemy action during World War II. Of her crew of 943, 218 officers and men lost their lives.
    (HNQ, 10/5/01)

1946        Feb 21, Alan Rickman, actor (Robin Hood Prince of Thieves, Rasputin, Die Hard), was born.
    (MC, 2/21/02)
1946        Feb 21, Anti-British demonstrations took place in Egypt.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1947        Feb 21, Edwin H. Land publicly demonstrated his Polaroid Land camera in NYC. It could produce a black-and-white photograph in 60 seconds. Polaroid Corp. was co-founded by Land and George W. Wheelwright III (d.2001 at 97).
    (AP, 2/21/98)(SFC, 3/3/01, p.A22)(MC, 2/21/02)

1948        Feb 21, Bill France, Daytona Beach stock car mechanic and driver, founded the National Association for Stock Car Racing (NASCAR).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NASCAR)

1949        Feb 21, Nicaragua and Costa Rica signed a friendship treaty ending hostilities over their borders.
    (HN, 2/21/98)

1950        Feb 21, The United States formally broke relations with Bulgaria.
    (HN, 2/21/98)

1951        Feb 21, SC House urged that "Shoeless Joe" Jackson be reinstated.
    (MC, 2/21/02)
1951        Feb 21, The U. S. Eighth Army launched Operation Killer, a counterattack to push Chinese forces north of the Han River in Korea.
    (HN, 2/21/99)

1952        Feb 21, Dick Button performed 1st figure skating triple jump in competition.
    (MC, 2/21/02)
1952        Feb 21, Bangladesh Martyrs Day (martyrs of Bengali Language Movement).
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1956        Feb 21, A Grand Jury in Montgomery, Ala., indicted 115 in a Negro bus boycott.
    (HN, 2/21/98)
1956        Feb 21, Edwin Franko Goldman (78), composer, died.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1958        Feb 21, Egypt-Syria as UAR elected Gamel Nasser president with a 99.9% vote.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1960        Feb 21, Havana placed all Cuban industry under direct control of the government.
    (HN, 2/21/98)

1965        Feb 21, Former Black Muslim leader El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, aka Malcolm X (born as Malcolm Little, 39), was shot to death in front of 400 people in New York by assassins identified as Black Muslims. He was murdered at the Audubon Ballroom in Manhattan. His wife, Betty Shabazz, was pregnant with twins and sat in the audience along with his 4-year-old daughter Quibilah. Three men, Norman 3X Butler (Abdul Aziz), Khalil Islam, and Thomas Hagan, connected to the Nation of Islam were convicted for the assassination. Aziz was paroled in 1985 and in 1998 was appointed by Louis Farrakhan to head a Harlem mosque. In 1992 James H. Cone authored a book about Malcolm X and Martin Luther King. In 2011 Manning Marable authored “Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention."
    (SFC, 6/24/97, p.A3)(AP, 2/21/98)(SFC, 3/26/98, p.A3)(SFC, 9/8/99, p.A7)(Econ, 4/9/11, p.94)

1967        Feb 21, Ford recalled 217,000 cars to check brakes and steering.
    (HN, 2/21/98)

1969        Feb 21, In Israel Hebrew University students Leon Kanner and Eddie Joffe were killed when a bomb exploded as they purchased groceries in a Jerusalem SuperSol supermarket. Rasmieh Yousef Odeh was arrested in March and soon sentenced by an Israeli military court to life in prison for her involvement in this and another terrorist bombing in Jerusalem. In 1980 she was among 78 prisoners released by Israel in an exchange with the PLO for an Israeli soldier captured in Lebanon.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rasmea_Odeh)

1970        Feb 21, Secret peace talks were held between US Sec. of State Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho of North Vietnam.
    (SFEC, 4/23/00, p.A19)
1970        Feb 21, The PFLP-GC, a Palestinian terrorist group, planted a parcel bomb on Swissair Flight 330 that blew up on a flight from Zurich to Tel Aviv. All 47 aboard were killed.
    (SFC, 5/21/02, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swissair_Flight_330)(Econ, 11/6/10, p.74)

1971        Feb 21, A series of tornadoes cut through the lower Mississippi River Valley. The two-day outbreak, which produced 19 tornadoes, killed 123 people across 3 states, including 11 in Louisiana, 110 in Mississippi, and 2 in North Carolina.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mississippi_Valley_tornado_outbreak_of_February_1971)

1972        Feb 21, Pres. Nixon began his visit to China as he and his wife arrived in Shanghai. He was the 1st US president to visit a country not diplomatically recognized by the US. He brought along a bottle of Schramsberg sparkling wine from California.
    (HN, 2/21/01)(AP, 2/21/04)(WSJ, 7/1/05, p.W6)

1973        Feb 21, Israeli fighter planes shot down a Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 over the Sinai Desert, killing over 100 people.
    (AP, 2/21/98)

1974        Feb 21, A report claimed that the use of defoliants by the U.S. had scarred Vietnam for century. Defoliation was meant to save lives by denying the enemy cover.
    (HN, 2/21/98)
1974        Feb 21, Tim Horton, hockey player for the Toronto Maple Leafs, died at 44 in a car crash driving back home to Buffalo after a game in Toronto. His career spanned 25 years with 6 invitations to all-star teams.
    (SFC, 5/16/97, p.A19)

1975        Feb 21, Former Attorney General John N. Mitchell and former White House aides H.R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman were sentenced to 2 1/2 to 8 years in prison for their roles in the Watergate cover-up. Mitchell was found guilty of conspiracy, obstruction of justice and perjury. He served 19 months behind bars.
    (AP, 2/21/00)(SFC, 11/6/98, p.D5)

1977        Feb 21, In NYC 74 Unification Church couples were wed.
    (www.tparents.org/Library/Unification/Topics/U-Stuff/BLSS-HST.htm)

1978        Feb 21, In Florida Karol Hurst (21) was abducted while leaving a grocery store in Leesburg. She was driven to a wooded area, beaten, raped, and shot. Her pregnant body was then dragged further into the woods. That same evening Freddie Lee Hall and an accomplice shot and killed Deputy Lonnie Coburn. Both fled the scene but were soon arrested. Hall was convicted and sentenced to death on June 27. Hall’s IQ was later said to be around 75.
    (http://murderpedia.org/male.H/h/hall-freddie-lee.htm)(SFC, 3/3/14, p.A6)

1981        Feb 21, Charles Rocket (1949-2005) clearly said "fuck" on Saturday Night Live.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Rocket)
1981        Feb 21, A bombing in Munich of Radio Free Europe injured 9 people. Romania’s Pres. Ceausescu ordered Gen. Ion Pacepa to find temporary shelter for Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, aka Carlos the Jackal, in Romania after the bombing. Ceausescu sold arms and explosives to Ramirez and enabled him to produce counterfeit passports and driver's licenses.
    (AP, 9/30/09)(www.hoover.org/publications/digest/3475896.html)

1982        Feb 21, "Ain't Misbehavin'" closed at Longacre Theater, NYC, after 1604 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=4058)
1982        Feb 21, Murray Kaufman (b.1922), NYC DJ also known as Murray the K, died. During the early days of Beatlemania, he was frequently referred to as "the Fifth Beatle."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murray_the_K)

1986        Feb 21, Ryan White (1971-1990), AIDS patient, returned to classes at Western Middle School in Indiana.
    (www.ryanwhite.com/pages/timeline.html)
1986        Feb 21, Larry Wu-tai Chin, the first American found guilty of spying for China, killed himself in his Virginia jail cell.
    (AP, 2/21/01)

1988        Feb 21, TV evangelist Jimmy Swaggart tearfully confessed to his congregation in Baton Rouge, La., that he was guilty of an unspecified sin, and said he was leaving the pulpit temporarily. Reports linked Swaggart to an admitted prostitute, Debra Murphree.
    (AP, 2/21/98)

1989        Feb 21, President Bush called Ayatollah Khomeini's death warrant against "Satanic Verses" author Salman Rushdie "deeply offensive to the norms of civilized behavior."
    (AP, 2/21/99)
1989        Feb 21, Fifty four members of the 14 K triad were arrested in 4 countries (US, Canada, Hong Kong and Singapore). Some 800 pounds of heroin were seized, supposedly worth a billion dollars at street prices. US police estimated that Chinese organized crime, and not the Mafia, provided 70 to 80 per cent of all heroin smuggled into New York City.
    (www.alternatives.com/crime/tri14k.html)

1990        Feb 21, Addressing the U.S. Congress, Czechoslovak President Vaclav Havel said his nation welcomed U.S. help after decades of Soviet domination, but also said Europe should eventually "decide for itself" how long American and Soviet troops should remain.
    (AP, 2/21/00)

1991        Feb 21, Neil Simon's "Lost in Yonkers," premiered in NYC.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=4632)
1991        Feb 21, The Soviet Union announced that Iraq had agreed to a proposal for ending the Persian Gulf War; however, the Bush administration called the plan unacceptable.
    (AP, 2/21/01)
1991        Feb 21, Dame Margot Fonteyn (b.1919), ballerina (1st lady of British Ballet), died in Panama City, Fl. In 2004 Meredith Daneman authored “Margot Fonteyn: A Life."
    (AP, 2/21/01)(Econ, 12/4/04, p.)

1992        Feb 21, Kristi Yamaguchi of the United States won the gold medal in women's figure skating at the Albertville Olympics; Midori Ito of Japan won the silver, Nancy Kerrigan of the United States the bronze.
    (AP, 2/21/98)
1992        Feb 18, John Frohnmayer announced his resignation as chairman of the National Endowment for the Arts.
    (AP, 2/21/02)

1993        Feb 21, Four days after suspending Bosnian relief operations because of interference from Serbs, Muslims and Croats, U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees Sadako Ogata ordered full resumption of the aid effort. U.N. Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali had rebuked the suspension.
    (AP, 2/21/98)

1994        Feb 21, With Bosnian Serbs complying with a NATO ultimatum to remove heavy guns near Sarajevo, President Clinton promised renewed efforts to help "reinvigorate the peace process."
    (AP, 2/21/99)
1994        Feb 21, Jury selection began in Pensacola, Fla., in the trial of Michael F. Griffin, an anti-abortion activist accused of killing Dr. David Gunn outside a women's clinic. Griffin was convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 2/21/04)

1995        Feb 21, The United States and Mexico signed an agreement to unlock $20 billion in U.S. support to stabilize the peso, but under tough conditions.
    (AP, 2/21/00)
1995        Feb 21, Chicago stockbroker Steve Fossett became the first person to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean in a balloon, landing in Leader, Saskatchewan, Canada.
    (AP, 2/21/00)
1995        Feb 21, Robert Bolt (b.1924), British playwright (Doctor Zhivago, Man for All Seasons, Bounty), died.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0004122/)
1995        Feb 21, Art Kane (b.1925), photographer, died.
    (www.deathleague.com/person.asp?prk=505&msk=0)

1996        Feb 21, The Space Telescope Science Institute announced that photographs from the Hubble Space Telescope confirmed the existence of a “black hole" equal to the mass of two billion suns in a galaxy some 30 million light-years away.
    (AP, 2/21/01)
1996        Feb 21, The Glorious Church of God in Christ in Richmond, Va., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1996        Feb 21, Morton Gould (82), composer, died in Florida.
    (www.spaceagepop.com/gould.htm)

1997        Feb 21, Whitewater prosecutor Kenneth Starr reversed his decision to quit and said he would complete the investigation.
    (SFC, 2/22/97, p.A1) (AP, 2/21/98)
1997        Feb 21, The space shuttle Discovery returned to earth after a mission to upgrade the Hubble Space Telescope.
    (AP, 2/21/98)
1997        Feb 21, There was a bombing at an Atlanta lesbian nightclub that injured five people. It was similar to the previous recent bombings at an abortion clinic and at the Olympics. Eric Rudolph was later charged with the bombing. He was arrested May 31, 2003.
    (WSJ, 2/21/97, p.A12)(SSFC, 6/1/03, p.A1)
1997        Feb 21, It was reported that Burundi troops killed more than 150 civilians in reprisals for rebel attacks. 100 people were killed at Mugara and fifty near Maramvya.
    (SFC, 2/22/97, p.A12)
1997        Feb 21, In Serbia the opposition coalition took control of the Belgrade City Council with Zoran Djindjic as mayor.
    (SFC, 2/22/97, p.A1)'

1998        Feb 21, U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan began formal talks with Iraqi officials in the standoff over weapons inspections.
    (AP, 2/21/99)
1998        Feb 21, Julian Bond was elected chairman of the 64-member board of the NAACP.
    (SFEC, 2/22/98, p.A5)
1998        Feb 21, In India the governor in Uttar Pradesh state ousted the Hindu nationalist government and protests followed. The government was restored by a court a few days later.
    (WSJ, 2/24/98, p.A1)
1998        Feb 21, In Pakistan two Iranian engineers were killed in “sectarian violence."
    (SFEC, 4/5/98, p.T14)

1999        Feb 21, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright reported little progress toward a Kosovo peace settlement during talks in Rambouillet, France.
    (AP, 2/21/00)
1999        Feb 21, US and British warplanes attacked a missile base and 2 military communication sites after Iraqi jets violated the no-fly zone.
    (SFC, 2/22/99, p.A8)
1999        Feb 21, Ethiopian planes struck the airport at Assab but Eritrean officials said the 12 bombs dropped by 2 planes failed to hit their targets.
    (SFC, 2/22/99, p.A14)
1999        Feb 21, The leaders of India and Pakistan signed documents and a joint statement to reduce the risk of nuclear war and to resolve conflicts in Kashmir.
    (SFC, 2/22/99, p.A8)
1999        Feb 21, In Ireland and Northern Ireland police arrested 7 men associated with the 1998 Omagh car bombing that killed 29 people.
    (SFC, 2/22/99, p.A14)
1999        Feb 21, The People's Democratic Party led by Gen'l. Obasanjo won 169 of 360 seats in the House. Lola Abiola-Edowar won a seat in the House of Representatives. She was the daughter of Moshood Abiola, the billionaire politician who died in military detention in 1998.
    (SFC, 2/22/99, p.A10)(SFC, 2/24/99, p.C3)

2000        Feb 21, Consumer advocate Ralph Nader announced his entry into the presidential race, bidding for the nomination of the Green Party.
    (AP, 2/21/01)
2000        Feb 21, It was reported that the US FBI planned to open an office in Budapest in March at the request of the Hungarian government in order to help break up Russian gangs. The FBI would hire 10 Hungarian agents to work alongside 5 US agents.
    (SFC, 2/21/00, p.A12)
2000        Feb 21, China warned Taiwan that a prolonged lack of negotiations could provoke a military attack.
    (SFC, 2/22/00, p.A1)
2000        Feb 21, In Mitrovica, Kosovo, some 10-25,000 ethnic Albanians clashed with NATO-led troops, who kept them from crossing to the Serb section of town.
    (SFC, 2/22/00, p.A8)(WSJ, 2/22/00, p.A1)
2000        Feb 21, Avalanches in Italy killed 3 skiers in the northern Venosta Valley.
    (SFC, 2/22/00, p.A10)
2000        Feb 21, In Mexico Nicolas Caletri (44), kidnapping mastermind, was captured in southern Oaxaca.
    (SFC, 2/26/00, p.C1)
2000        Feb 21, In Nigeria Muslim and Christian youths seized parts of  Kaduna in clashes over a proposal to bring Islamic law (Shariah) to the state. Over 20 people were killed.
    (SFC, 2/22/00, p.A10)
2000        Feb 21, An avalanche in Switzerland killed 3 skiers at Davos.
    (SFC, 2/22/00, p.A10)
2000        Feb 21, In Tanzania African presidents and European ministers appealed to Burundi's leaders to negotiate a swift end to the civil war.
    (SFC, 2/22/00, p.A9)

2001        Feb 21, In the Grammy Awards Steely Dan won Album of the year for “Two Against Nature;" U2 won for Song of the Year for “Beautiful Day;" Sting won best male pop vocal performance for “She Walks This Earth;" and Macy Gray won best female pop vocal performance for “I Try." Rapper Eminem won 3 awards.
    (SFC, 2/21/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 21, The US Supreme Court ruled 5-4 to protect state governments from federal suits for damages filed by disabled employees under the Americans with Disabilities Act. The court ruled that state workers cannot use federal disability-rights law to win money damages for on-the-job discrimination.
    (SFC, 2/21/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 2/22/01, p.A1)(AP, 2/21/02)
2001        Feb 21, Pope John Paul II installed 44 new cardinals. It was the largest number ever installed at one time.
    (SFC, 2/21/01, p.A13)
2001        Feb 21, In Chechnya some 50 bodies began to be uncovered across from a Russian military base at Zdorovye.
    (SFC, 4/14/01, p.A8)

2002        Feb 21, Sarah Hughes (16) of Great neck, NY, won 1st place in the Olympics women’s free skate competition, leaving teammate Michelle Kwan to settle for a bronze.
    (SFC, 2/22/02, p.A1)(AP, 2/21/07)
2002        Feb 21, Pres. Bush met with Pres. Zemin in Beijing and both agreed to work on the reunification of North and South Korea. They disagreed over controls on exports of missile technology. Pres. Bush answered questions in a live broadcast and reaffirmed the US right to protect Taiwan.
    (SFC, 2/21/02, p.A12)(SFC, 2/22/02, p.A12)(WSJ, 2/22/02, p.A1)
2002        Feb 21, In New Jersey a retired police officer, John W. Mabie (70) shot and killed his 22-year-old daughter and then killed 3 neighbors.
    (SFC, 2/22/02, p.A5)
2002        Feb 21, It was acknowledged that WSJ reporter Daniel Pearl was dead after a video was received that showed an assailant slash his throat. On May 30, Pearl’s wife in Paris gave birth to a baby boy, Adam D. Pearl.
    (SFC, 2/22/02, p.A1)(SFC, 5/31/02, p.A18)
2002        Feb 21, A US CH-47E Chinook helicopter with 10 soldiers crashed into the Mindanao Sea in the Philippines. 3 bodies were found by local fishermen.
    (SFC, 2/22/02, p.A17)(SFC, 2/23/02, p.A14)
2002        Feb 21, The Colombia Air Force dropped 1,500 and 500 pound bombs on FARC rebel sites.
    (SFC, 2/22/02, p.A1)
2002        Feb 21, Israeli tanks and troops pushed into Gaza City and destroyed a broadcast facility. 6 Palestinians were reported killed. Yasser Arafat repeated a call to halt violence and his security forces arrested 3 suspects in the Oct 17 assassination of Israeli Cabinet minister Zeevi. PM Sharon called for buffer zones and the disarming of Palestinians.
    (SFC, 2/21/02, p.A1)(SFC, 2/22/02, p.A9)(WSJ, 2/22/02, p.A1)
2002        Feb 21, In Nepal the army killed 48 guerrillas and the parliament extended the state of emergency by 3 months.
    (SFC, 2/22/02, p.A14)
2002        Feb 21, Sri Lanka approved a Norwegian long-term cease-fire plan already approved by Tamil Tiger rebels.
    (SFC, 2/22/02, p.A13)

2003        Feb 21, Michael Jordan became the first 40-year-old in NBA history to score 40 or more points, getting 43 in the Washington Wizards' 89-86 win over the New Jersey Nets.
    (AP, 2/21/04)
2003          Feb 21, An explosion rocked a Mobil oil refinery on the edge of Staten Island and 2 workers were killed.
    (AP, 2/21/03)
2003        Feb 21, The owners of The Station nightclub in West Warwick, R.I., where 100 people perished in a fast-moving fire the night before, denied giving the rock band Great White permission to use fireworks blamed for setting off the blaze, although the band's singer insisted the use of pyrotechnics had been approved.
    (AP, 2/21/04)
2003          Feb 21, Chief UN inspector Hans Blix ordered Baghdad to begin destroying dozens of illegal missiles and their components by March 1.
    (AP, 2/22/03)(SFC, 2/22/03, A1)
2003          Feb 21, It was reported that Iraq had recently begun shipping large quantities of oil through its Khor al Amaya port.
    (WSJ, 2/21/03, p.A1)
2003          Feb 21, Israeli troops killed 2 Islamic militants during separate attempts to attack an army post and a Jewish settlement in the Gaza Strip.
     (AP, 2/21/03)
2003          Feb 21, In Peru police arrested a prominent coca farming leader as protests in rural Peru against the eradication of coca, the base ingredient in cocaine, moved into their 4th day.
    (AP, 2/21/03)
2003          Feb 21, Spain's PM Jose Maria Aznar arrived in Texas for a meeting with Pres. Bush.
    (WSJ, 2/21/03, p.A8)

2004        Feb 21, The Mississippi was closed near New Orleans following a ship collision that left 5 crewmen lost.
    (WSJ, 2/23/04, p.A1)
2004        Feb 21, In Albania some 6-20 thousand people marched in Tirana in opposition to PM Fatos Nano and his Socialist-led government.
    (SSFC, 2/22/04, p.A3)
2004        Feb 21, Colombian troops clashed with leftist rebels and outlawed paramilitaries in separate offensives, killing 38 fighters. Ten soldiers were also killed.
    (AP, 2/23/04)
2004        Feb 21, in northern Honduras the disfigured body of a young man was found along with a message threatening the Honduran president. The discovery marks the 10th such slaying apparently carried about by gangs protesting a government crackdown.
    (AP, 2/23/04)
2004        Feb 21, Iran's hard-line Islamic rulers claimed that voters dealt reformers a decisive blow with a strong turnout in disputed parliament elections, but partial returns suggested the pro-reform boycott had an impact.
    (AP, 2/21/04)
2004        Feb 21, The International Red Cross visited former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein, who was in U.S. custody.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2004        Feb 21, In northern Uganda LRA rebels attacked a refugee camp, torching homes and gunning people down as they fled. At least 192 people were killed, some perishing in the flames of their own homes.
    (AP, 2/22/04)(WSJ, 6/28/04, p.A10)

2005        Feb 21, In Brussels President Bush appealed to Europe to move beyond animosities over Iraq and join forces in encouraging democratic reforms across the Middle East. He also prodded Russia to reverse a crackdown on political dissent, demanded that Iran end its nuclear ambitions and told Syria to get out of Lebanon.
    (AP, 2/21/05)(SFC, 2/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 21, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention launched a campaign to make doctors and parents aware of the need of early diagnosis for autism. Children can be diagnosed as early as 18 months old.
    (AP, 2/22/05)
2005        Feb 21, The new Atomic Testing Museum opened in Las Vegas.
    (www.ntshf.org/)
2005        Feb 21, Heavy storms in California left 3 people dead.
    (WSJ, 2/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 21, S. Ernest Vandiver Jr., former Georgia governor (1959-1963), died.
    (SFC, 2/24/05, p.B7)
2005        Feb 21, The British government said same-sex partners will be able to enter into civil unions from December, joining gays in parts of Europe and the United States in obtaining many of the rights enjoyed by married people.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 21, A Chinese newspaper reported that the China Construction Bank is investigating the disappearance of $8 million, in the latest big embezzlement case to hit the country's scandal-ridden state banks.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 21, In Colombia deadly weekend attacks left 9 people dead as rebels blacked out towns, shut down a highway, blew up a hotel and shattered notions that the nation's main insurgent group was on its knees.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 21, In Colombia 8 civilians including 3 young children and a teenage girl were massacred near Apartado. A former mayor and a priest later blamed government troops for the massacre. UN officials later called for an investigation.
    (AP, 3/3/05)
2005        Feb 21, Ecuador opened the door to a U.N. probe into President Lucio Gutierrez's dismissal of the country's Supreme Court after the UN made a rare public appeal for an investigation.
    (Reuters, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 21, Over 500 people rallied in Cairo to protest against a new term in office for Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and against moves to enable his son Gamal to succeed him.
    (AFP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 21, In Indonesia a 30-foot-tall heap of garbage collapsed onto a neighborhood near the West Java town of Bandung, killing at least 19 people and crushing dozens of houses.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 21, In Iraq a roadside bomb in southwestern Baghdad killed 3 US soldiers.
    (SFC, 2/22/05, p.A3)
2005        Feb 21, Israel freed 500 Palestinian prisoners in a goodwill gesture.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 21, Kyodo News said that Japan's Princess Aiko, the 3-year-old daughter of Crown Prince Naruhito and his wife, will be next in line for the Chrysanthemum Throne after her father.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 21, An official said avalanches and slides triggered by heavy weekend snowfall in India's portion of Kashmir had killed at least 249 people.
    (AP, 2/21/05)(AFP, 2/26/05)
2005        Feb 21, Former Presidents Bill Clinton and George H.W. Bush wrapped up their tour of tsunami-ravaged nations with a visit to the Maldives.
    (AP, 2/21/06)
2005        Feb 21, North Korea’s Kim told a visiting Chinese envoy that he is willing to return to 6-country talks if the US demonstrates its sincerity.
    (WSJ, 2/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 21, PM Lee Hsien Loong said Singapore will lower personal income tax, reduce spending and aim for a modest surplus in its US$18.13 billion 2005 budget.
    (WSJ, 2/22/05, p.A12)
2005        Feb 21, In Sierra Leone an Australian investigator for a U.N.-backed war-crimes tribunal was convicted of sexually assaulting a 13-year-old girl who sought a job as a nanny in his household.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 21, The Arab League chief said that Syria will "soon" take steps to withdraw its army from Lebanese areas in accordance with a 1989 agreement. Tens of thousands of opposition supporters shouted insults at Syria and demanded the resignation of their pro-Syrian government in a Beirut demonstration.
    (AP, 2/21/05)
2005        Feb 21, Togo Lawmakers amended the constitution to allow for elections within 60 days, but left the West African nation's military-appointed ruler in power in the interim despite intensifying pressure at home and abroad.
    (AP, 2/21/05)

2006        Feb 21, Pres. Bush said he would veto any legislation blocking a deal for a state-owned company in Dubai to manage port terminals in US cities. Bush was not aware of the pending sale of the port operations until after aides approved the deal.
    (SFC, 2/22/06, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/23/06, p.A1)
2006        Feb 21, The US Supreme Court ruled that federal narcotics do not trump the religious expression rights of a Brazilian-based sect that uses a hallucinogenic tea in a sacrament. O Centro Espirita Beneficente Uniao do Vegetal, with some 130 members in the US, had filed suit after federal authorities intercepted a shipment of hoasca, whose ingredients included a hallucinogenic plant, and threatened prosecution.
    (WSJ, 2/22/06, p.A6)
2006        Feb 21, US federal courts in Ohio charged 3 men, originally from Jordan and Lebanon, with conspiring to kill US forces in Iraq.
    (SFC, 2/22/06, p.A3)
2006        Feb 21, In California the execution of Michael Morales at San Quentin was put on hold after 2 anesthesiologists backed out of assuring that he would be unconscious while dying per a requirement by US District Judge Jeremy Fogel.
    (SFC, 2/23/06, p.A14)
2006        Feb 21, Stefan Eriksson (44) was involved in the crash of a million-dollar Ferrari Enzo in northern Malibu, Ca. In 2005 he and some partners had racked up some $400 million in losses in Gizmondo, a London-based subsidiary of Tiger Telematics, that was developing a handheld gaming device. Prior to Gizmondo Eriksson had served time in a Swedish prison for counterfeiting. Eriksson was arrested on April 8 for failing to make payments on 3 cars worth $3.5 million. On Nov 7 Eriksson was sentenced to 3 years in prison for embezzlement and gun possession.
    (SSFC, 4/9/06, p.A1)(SFC, 4/10/06, p.A2)(SFC, 11/8/06, p.A4)
2006        Feb 21, New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art and Italy signed a deal under which it will return antiquities Italy says were looted in exchange for long-term loans of other artifacts.
    (AP, 2/21/06)
2006        Feb 21, Lawrence Summers, former US Treasury Secretary, announced his resignation as president of Harvard Univ. effective at the end of the academic year.
    (SFC, 2/22/06, p.A2)(WSJ, 2/22/06, p.A1)
2006        Feb 21, Google announced that it hired Dr. Larry Brilliant (61) as executive director of Google.org, a charitable effort funded by some $1 billion.
    (SFC, 2/22/06, p.C1)
2006        Feb 21, Taser Intl. said it is working to deliver electricity to the human body using 12-guage shotgun shells. Test models of the XREP reached 100 feet. The US military challenged the company to extend the range to 330 feet.
    (SFC, 2/22/06, p.A2)
2006        Feb 21, Donald Herbert (44), a brain-injured Buffalo, N.Y., firefighter who suddenly spoke after nearly a decade in a near-vegetative state, died.
    (AP, 2/21/07)
2006        Feb 21, The Chinese government issued a plan with promises to spend more on schools, health care and aid for farmers in the poor countryside, where communist leaders worry about potentially explosive unrest over poverty and other problems.
    (AP, 2/21/06)
2006        Feb 21, The commander of Colombia's army, Gen. Reinaldo Castellanos, resigned amid a scandal in which 21 soldiers were allegedly beaten, branded or sexually assaulted by their superiors.
    (AP, 2/21/06)
2006        Feb 21, Greek seamen extended until early Friday a rolling strike that has shut down ports since last week, causing food and fuel supply problems and halting many exports.
    (AP, 2/21/06)
2006        Feb 21, Tests confirmed H5N1 in three birds found dead in Hungary, making the country the seventh EU nation with an outbreak of the deadly strain of bird flu.
    (AP, 2/21/06)
2006        Feb 21, In Iraq a car bomb exploded on a street packed with shoppers in a Shiite area of Baghdad, killing 22 people and wounding 28. Elsewhere 8 other Iraqis were killed.
    (AP, 2/21/06)(WSJ, 2/22/06, p.A1)
2006        Feb 21, Japan's trade minister arrived in Beijing for talks with Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao, the highest-level contact between the two countries since relations soured last October.
    (AP, 2/21/06)
2006        Feb 21, Kazakhstan's intelligence agency said that five of its employees were among the six arrested suspects in the Feb 11 murder of Altynbek Sarsenbayev, a leader of the opposition Nagyz Ak Zhol party.
    (AP, 2/21/06)
2006        Feb 21, In Cancun, Mexico, Domenico Ianiero, 59, and his wife, Annunziata, 55, of Woodbridge, Ont., were found in their hotel rooms at the all-inclusive five-star resort on the Mayan Riviera in the early morning. Their throats had been slashed. The crime apparently took place after a rehearsal dinner ahead of a wedding in which the Lily, one of the Ianieros' twin girls, was to be married at the resort. Prosecutors in Cancun said two Canadian women were suspected in the killing and had fled to Canada.
    (CP, 2/22/06)
2006        Feb 21, Christian mobs rampaged through the southern Nigerian city of Onitsha, burning mosques and killing several people in an outbreak of anti-Muslim violence that followed deadly protests against caricatures of the Prophet Muhammad over the weekend.
    (AP, 2/21/06)
2006        Feb 21, In Pakistan 11 Islamic militants were sentenced to death for an assassination attempt on a Pakistani army general that killed 10 people in 2004.
    (AP, 2/21/06)
2006        Feb 21, Hamas presented its choice for Palestinian prime minister. Ismail Haniyeh (43), a pragmatic former university administrator, and the Islamic militant group reached out to other factions, including Fatah, to join a broad-based Cabinet that might stand a chance of gaining international approval.
    (AP, 2/21/06)
2006        Feb 21, In Peru Miguel Toledo (36), a nephew of Pres. Alejandro Toledo, was given a four-year suspended sentence on charges he drugged and raped a 22-year-old woman in 2004.
    (AP, 2/22/06)
2006        Feb 21, Portugal's President Jorge Sampaio was granted honorary citizenship of East Timor as he began a three-day official trip to the former Portuguese colony.
    (AFP, 2/21/06)
2006        Feb 21, The weekly Nash Region became the second Russian newspaper in a week to shut down amid heightened sensitivities about portrayals of Muhammad.
    (AP, 2/21/06)
2006        Feb 21, It was reported that the Stockholm chapter of the biker gang Hell's Angels is being investigated for fraud after police found 70 percent of members were certified as depressed by the same doctor and were getting state sickness benefits.
    (Reuters, 2/21/06)

2007        Feb 21, The government reported that US consumer prices jumped in January, a week after Federal Reserve chief Ben Bernanke warned that inflation remains the central bank's top concern.
    (AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 21, Mayor Newsom and Philip Mangano, the government’s head of homelessness, announced that SF had received $19.7 million in federal funds to help fight homelessness.
    (SFC, 2/22/07, p.B1)
2007        Feb 21, The SF Police Commission approved a computerized system to track problematic behavior by police officers.
    (SFC, 2/22/07, p.A1)
2007        Feb 21, Food retailer Asda, owned by US group Wal-Mart, said it would create 8,000 jobs and build 18 new supermarkets across Britain this year.
    (AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 21, PM Tony Blair said Britain will withdraw around 1,600 troops from Iraq in the coming months and aims to further cut its 7,100-strong contingent by late summer if Iraqi forces can secure the country's south.
    (AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 21, Ottawa took the first step to end a strike by Canadian National Railway workers that has spurred demands for government intervention by a chorus of shippers as well as an internecine union battle.
    (Reuters, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 21, A land mine killed five Colombian soldiers after a patrol chasing leftist rebels stumbled in to a mine field.
    (AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 21, In Costa Rica an American senior citizen (70) killed an alleged mugger with his bare hands. His traveling companions aboard a tour bus fended off two other assailants in the Atlantic coast city of Limon. The tourists left on their Carnival cruise ship after the incident and authorities did not plan to press charges against them.
    (AP, 2/23/07)
2007        Feb 21, Denmark’s PM Rasmussen said that his country will withdraw its 460-member contingent from southern Iraq by August and transfer security responsibilities to Iraqi forces.
    (AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 21, Security officials said Egyptian border and security authorities had arrested 23 Palestinians and Egyptians in the Sinai region, including one who was wearing an explosives belt and had crossed from Gaza to Egypt in an underground tunnel.
    (AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 21, In Ethiopia the UN humanitarian office said that 684 people have died in a diarrhea epidemic and that neighboring countries were also affected. Ethiopia’s government has refused to declare the phenomenon as a cholera epidemic, preferring to refer to it as "acute watery diarrhea."
    (AFP, 2/22/07)
2007        Feb 21, Europol said Police in seven European countries have broken up a network that carried out more than 200 carefully choreographed armed robberies of jewelry stores, and channeled $53 million in loot into drugs and real estate.
    (AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 21, Nobel Peace Prize winner Rigoberta Menchu announced that she will run for the presidency of Guatemala in the country's September elections, a move likely fuel talk about an Indian resurgence in Latin American politics.
    (AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 21, India said it has banned the export to Iran of all material, equipment and technology which could contribute to Tehran's nuclear program.
    (AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 21, India and Pakistan signed a deal to reduce the risk of a nuclear arms accident in a show of cooperation and defiance against terror attacks that killed 68 people from both countries.
    (AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 21, A suicide car bomber struck a police checkpoint in the Shiite city of Najaf, killing at 13 people in the spiritual heartland of the militia factions led by Muqtada al-Sadr. A car bomb in the western Baghdad district of Bayya killed at least two and injured 31. Later, a car bomb in the neighborhood killed at least three people. The area is mixed between Sunni and Shiites. PM Nouri al-Maliki fired a top Sunni official who had called for an international investigation into the rape allegations leveled by a Sunni Arab woman against three members of the Shiite-dominated security forces. A tank truck carrying chlorine exploded killing 3 people and wounding at least 25. In Ramadi a six-hour battle broke out after insurgents armed with rocket-propelled grenades attacked US troops from nearby buildings. A Marine spokesman said 12 insurgents were killed and there were no civilian casualties reported. Iraqi authorities said the dead included women and children.
    (AP, 2/21/07)(AFP, 2/22/07)(SFC, 2/22/07, p.A10)(AP, 2/23/07)
2007        Feb 21, Israeli troops fatally shot a West Bank leader of the Islamic Jihad militant group who was involved in an attempted bombing near Tel Aviv. 93.6 RAM FM began broadcasting 20 independent news bulletins a day from studios in Jerusalem and the West Bank to a target audience of half a million English-speakers on both sides of the divide in the Holy Land.
    (AFP, 2/20/07)(AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 21, In Italy Premier Romano Prodi stepped down following an embarrassing parliamentary defeat of his government's proposed foreign policy program. His center-left government had been in power for just 9 months.
    (AP, 2/22/07)(SFC, 2/22/07, p.A3)
2007        Feb 21, The Bank of Japan voted to raise interest rates by a quarter of a point to 0.5%.
    (Econ, 2/24/07, p.85)
2007        Feb 21, Lebanese anti-aircraft guns fired at Israeli warplanes over southern Lebanon, indicating that Lebanon's army is taking a new assertiveness toward Israel.
    (AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 21, At a regional meeting in Libya the leaders of Sudan and Chad said they agreed to redouble efforts to end violence spilling over their border from Darfur.
    (Reuters, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 21, Human Rights Watch condemned Malaysia's plan to introduce tough laws that curb the movements of migrant employees and allow employers "to lock up workers."
    (AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 21, Montenegro police arrested Smail Tulja (67) in his home in Montenegro's capital, Podgorica, on an international arrest warrant that the authorities received from FBI and Interpol agents. He was wanted for the killing and dismemberment of an elderly woman in New York City in 1990 and is also suspected in similar slayings of women throughout Europe.
    (AP, 2/22/07)
2007        Feb 21, In Nigeria a Lebanese hostage abducted along with three Italians in southern Nigeria was freed after being held for more than 10 weeks. MEND said the men guarding Saliba had been bribed to allow his escape. Two of the Italians abducted with Saliba were still being held by MEND. The third was freed on January 18 because of health problems. Gunmen killed two soldiers and wounded a third in the southern Niger delta.
    (AFP, 2/21/07)(AP, 2/22/07)(AFP, 2/23/07)
2007        Feb 21, Finance Minster Alexei Kudrin said that a new domestic offering for shares in Russia's largest state-controlled bank had brought in $8.8 billion.
    (AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 21, Seven Saudis released from the US prison in Guantanamo Bay returned home and were promptly detained to see if they had terrorist connections.
    (AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 21, In Somalia gunmen fatally shot two local government officials in Mogadishu.
    (AP, 2/22/07)
2007        Feb 21, South Africa's finance minister painted an upbeat picture of the economy, forecasting five-percent annual growth to the end of the decade as he posted the first budget surplus in recent memory. Two people were arrested over the theft of jewelry worth more than 500,000 dollars from the home of Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, the former wife of South Africa's anti-apartheid icon Nelson Mandela.
    (AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 21, Thailand police said suspected Islamic separatists had set ablaze Thailand's biggest rubber warehouse and shot dead four people in fresh attacks across the Muslim-majority southern provinces. A top economic aide to ousted PM Thaksin Shinawatra resigned from his position in the current military-appointed government following sharp criticism from pro-democracy groups.
    (AFP, 2/21/07)(AP, 2/21/07)
2007        Feb 21, A 5.7 magnitude earthquake shook southeastern Turkey. A five-story apartment building collapsed in Istanbul, killing at least two people and injuring more than two dozen others.
    (AP, 2/21/07)

2008        Feb 21, President George W. Bush promised US support for Liberia in its recovery from a crippling civil war as he visited the close U.S. ally on the last stop of a five-nation tour of Africa.
    (AP, 2/21/08)
2008        Feb 21, It was reported that the US Defense Dept. had dispersed $80 million monthly, or some $1 billion a year, for the last 6 years to Pakistan to support troops in the tribal area along the Afghan border.
    (SFC, 2/21/08, p.A3)
2008        Feb 21, Google Inc. said will begin storing the medical records of a few thousand people as it tests a long-awaited health service that's likely to raise more concerns about the volume of sensitive information entrusted to the Internet search leader.
    (AP, 2/21/08)
2008        Feb 21, Ben Chapman (1928-2008), film star, died. He played the creature in the film “The Creature from the Black Lagoon" (1954).
    (Econ, 3/8/08, p.97)
2008        Feb 21, Evan Mecham (b.1924), former Arizona Gov. (1987-1988), died. He was impeached, indicted and subjected to a recall campaign in 1988 for misuse of state funds and inflammatory racial opinions.
    (SFC, 2/23/08, p.B5)
2008        Feb 21, In Afghanistan NATO troops found 1.65 tons of opium, which ISAF said was worth $400 million, and a "significant quantity" of drug-making equipment. The $400 million figure appeared to be the opium's estimated street value once it was trafficked outside Afghanistan.
    (AP, 2/27/08)
2008        Feb 21, Hans Janitschek (73), an Austrian journalist who spent years as a UN consultant and also served as secretary general of the Socialist International organization, died suddenly at UN headquarters. Janitschek wrote several political biographies, co-authored Waldheim's autobiography and published more than a dozen books.
    (AP, 3/1/08)
2008        Feb 21, Australia's new government confirmed that it would withdraw its combat troops from Iraq by mid-year but pledged strong ties with the United States ahead of landmark talks this week.
    (AP, 2/21/08)
2008        Feb 21, In Brazil a ferryboat carrying more than 100 passengers collided with a barge carrying fuel tanks and sank to the bottom of the Amazon River. At least 14 people died. 92 people were rescued by several small boats and the state's floating police station.
    (AP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 21, In London Steve Wright (49) was found guilty of murdering five prostitutes in a killing spree which brought terror to the English market town of Ipswitch in 2006.
    (AFP, 2/21/08)
2008        Feb 21, In Burkina Faso some 200 people were arrested following a 2-day protest against rising living costs which ended in violent clashes.
    (AFP, 2/26/08)
2008        Feb 21, Chinese state media said authorities are using algae-munching fish to clean up one of the country's most polluted lakes, and after their diet of toxins they will be sold on to consumers.
    (AP, 2/21/08)
2008        Feb 21, In Iraq 4 British soldiers were wounded near their base outside the southern city of Basra, an attack the Iraqi police described as a roadside bomb explosion that targeted a British patrol.
    (AP, 2/21/08)
2008        Feb 21, A magnitude-6.2 earthquake, the largest ever recorded on Norwegian territory, hit off the Arctic Svalbard islands, the national seismic monitoring center said. No casualties or damage were reported.
    (AP, 2/21/08)
2008        Feb 21, In Serbia protesters, outraged at US support for Kosovo, stormed the US Embassy in Belgrade and set part of it on fire. Zoran Vujovic (21) died in the fire and 150 people were injured. Police arrested almost 200 rioters involved in the protests.
    (SSFC, 2/24/08, p.A4)(WSJ, 2/25/08, p.A1)
2008        Feb 21, In South Korea a special prosecutor cleared Pres.-elect Lee Myung-bak of financial fraud allegations.
    (SFC, 2/21/08, p.A3)
2008        Feb 21, Turkish troops launched a ground incursion across the border into Iraq in pursuit of separatist Kurdish rebels.
    (AP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 21, In Venezuela a plane carrying 46 people crashed in the western mountains, 6 miles from the airport in the Andean city of Merida. All aboard were believed killed.
    (AP, 2/22/08)

2009        Feb 21, President Barack Obama ordered the US Treasury to implement tax cuts for 95 percent of Americans, fulfilling a campaign pledge he hopes will help jolt the economy out of recession.
    (Reuters, 2/21/09)
2009        Feb 21, The US postal service released a set of six 42-cent stamps honoring a dozen early civil rights activists.
    (SFC, 2/21/09, p.A4)
2009        Feb 21, The Journal Register Co., a Yardley, Pa.-based company, filed for bankruptcy protection. The company owned 2o daily and 159 nondaily newspapers with some 3,500 employees.
    (SSFC, 2/22/09, p.A8)
2009        Feb 21, In Afghanistan a battle outside Kandahar killed at least six Taliban fighters. Fighting continued into the next day. An airstrike against militants in Helmand province killed 8.
    (AP, 2/22/09)
2009        Feb 21, In India Sivaprakasam (60), a former civil servant, burned himself to death in Tamil Nadu to protest Sri Lanka’s campaign against the Tamil Tiger rebels. His was the 5th Tamil Nadu suicide by fire this year.
    (Econ, 2/28/09, p.46)
2009        Feb 21, In western Indonesia a Sumatran tiger mauled two illegal loggers to death, bringing to 5 the number of people killed by the critically endangered cats in less than a month.
    (AP, 2/22/09)
2009        Feb 21, Iraq's infamous Abu Ghraib prison reopened as the Baghdad Central Prison, with official promises of humane treatment in a lockup notorious as a center for abuse, both under Saddam Hussein and the US military.
    (AP, 2/21/09)
2009        Feb 21, In Ireland around 100,000 people filled the streets of Dublin in protest at the government's handling of the country's economic crisis.
    (AP, 2/21/09)
2009        Feb 21, Jamaican regulators said they are forbidding all explicit references to sex and violence over the airwaves. The announcement followed a Feb. 6 ban that specifically targeted dancehall tunes and videos depicting "daggering," a dance style popular among Jamaican youth that features pelvic grinding simulating sex.
    (AP, 2/22/09)
2009        Feb 21, In Kashmir two men were killed when soldiers opened fire after a group of Kashmiri youths hurled stones at them and chanted anti-India slogans. On March 21 the Indian army said it would punish three soldiers for their role in the shooting.
    (AFP, 3/21/09)
2009        Feb 21, Two rockets were fired from south Lebanon at Israel, with one slamming into a mostly Christian Arab village and causing minor injuries to at least one Israeli. Israel responded by firing at least 6 shells on a village in the area where the rockets had been launched.
    (AP, 2/21/09)(SSFC, 2/22/09, p.A5)
2009        Feb 21, In Mexico assailants in an SUV hurled two grenades at a police station in the Pacific resort town of Zihuatanejo, wounding one officer and four civilians. Teenagers stoned a 22-year-old man to death in Tuxtla Gutierrez because they believed he had stolen a cell phone and a bicycle from one of their friends.
    (AP, 2/21/09)
2009        Feb 21, In central Nigeria rioters burned homes, churches and mosques, when violence flared after Muslims parked their cars in front of a church in Bauchi. The clashes followed an argument between Christians and Muslims the previous day. Authorities in northern Nigeria have deployed troops and imposed a curfew following clashes between Christians and Muslims which left at least 11 people dead.
    (AP, 2/21/09)(AFP, 2/23/09)
2009        Feb 21, A Pakistani official said that the Taliban and the Pakistani government had agreed to a "permanent cease-fire" in the restive northwest Swat Valley. A roadside bomb apparently targeted an oil tanker headed to NATO troops in Afghanistan. The remote-controlled bomb killed one person and wounded two others near the Landi Kotal area. The Taliban had been engineering a class revolt for years by exploiting fissures between a small group of wealthy landlords and their landless tenants.
    (AP, 2/21/09)(WSJ, 4/16/09, p.A4)
2009        Feb 21, A few hundred Russian opposition sympathizers held an anti-Kremlin rally in central Moscow demanding the resignation of the government. Former chess champion Garry Kasparov and former Prime Minister Mikhail Kasyanov addressed the crowd from a truck.
    (AP, 2/21/09)
2009        Feb 21, In Russia assailants with automatic rifles blocked a car of 2 bank employees on a highway in Tula province south of Moscow and stole about 43 million rubles ($1.2 million; euro 940,000) in cash at gunpoint. The bank employees, a cashier and a driver, were traveling in a Toyota with no armed escort despite the large amount of cash.
    (AP, 2/23/09)
2009        Feb 21, In central Slovakia a train collided with a bus, killing 11 people and injuring 21 others near the town of Brezno.
    (AP, 2/21/09)
2009        Feb 21, A South Korean housewife broke a world record in marathon singing after crooning for more than 76 hours without stopping at a Seoul karaoke bar.
    (AFP, 2/21/09)
2009        Feb 21, In eastern Sri Lanka a group of Tamil rebels stormed a village, killing two ethnic Sinhalese farmers and wounding 15 others.
    (AP, 2/21/09)
2009        Feb 21, Sudan's justice minister said Sudan will free 24 Darfur prisoners as part of a goodwill agreement with rebels, even as fresh reports of violence came in from the battle-scarred region. Two Sudanese working for Aide Medicale Internationale, a French humanitarian group in Darfur, were shot dead in an attack that also left four people wounded. A gang of 24 men on horses and camels ambushed the workers on a road between Kurunji and Khor Abeshe in South Darfur.
    (Reuters, 2/21/09)(AFP, 2/23/09)

2010        Feb 21, The US space shuttle Endeavour returned to Florida following an assembly mission to the Int’l. Space Station.
    (SFC, 2/22/10, p.A6)
2010        Feb 21, Afghan and US Marine units converged on a dangerous western quarter of the Taliban stronghold of Marjah, with NATO forces facing "determined resistance" as their assault on the southern town entered its second week. One service member involved in the Marjah offensive was killed in a roadside bombing. A NATO airstrike killed at least 27 Afghan civilians in central Uruzgan province, in the third coalition strike this month to kill noncombatants. A military report released on May 29 said inexperienced operators of a US drone aircraft ignored or downplayed signs that Afghan civilians were in the convoy in Uruzgan in which 23 civilians were killed and 12 others wounded.
    (AP, 2/21/10)(AP, 2/22/10)(AP, 5/29/10)(SSFC, 5/30/10, p.A7)
2010        Feb 21, The British public was introduced to what one political journalist has painted as the dark face as the country's prime minister: A man so whose rages were so damaging that the country's top bureaucrat had to intervene to comfort his distressed staff. The description, carried in book "The End of the Party," by The Observer journalist Andrew Rawnsley, was vigorously contested by Brown and his lieutenants.
    (AP, 2/21/10)
2010        Feb 21, Kathryn Bigelow's Iraq war movie "The Hurt Locker" swept the board at the BAFTA awards in London, winning the best film and director awards and leaving ex-husband James Cameron almost empty-handed.
    (AFP, 2/22/10)
2010        Feb 21, In Canada US skier Bode Miller snatched his first Olympic gold medal and US ice hockey goalkeeper Ryan Miller stopped Canada in a heartbreaking loss for the hockey-crazed host nation.
    (Reuters, 2/22/10)
2010        Feb 21, Egyptian police shot dead two African migrants as they attempted to enter Israel illegally. A man threw a suitcase containing a makeshift bomb at Cairo's main synagogue. There were no injuries or damage to the synagogue. A man (49), with a record of Islamic extremism and drug abuse, was detained on Feb 23.
    (AFP, 2/21/10)(AP, 2/23/10)
2010        Feb 21, Haiti’s Pres. Rene Preval said the death toll from his country's earthquake could reach 300,000 once all the bodies are recovered from wrecked buildings.
    (AP, 2/21/10)
2010        Feb 21, Iranian state television reported that intelligence agents have killed four members of an armed Kurdish separatist group near the Kurdish town of Sardasht. The report accused the four of killing three policemen in a clash on Dec 26.
    (AP, 2/21/10)
2010        Feb 21, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu told his Cabinet that the Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron and Rachel's Tomb near Bethlehem are additions to the list of national heritage sites. Israel's air force introduced a fleet of large unmanned planes that can fly as far as Iran. Air force officials said the Heron TP drones can fly 20 consecutive hours, and are primarily used for surveillance and carrying payloads. Israeli shelling wounded five Palestinian day laborers along the northern border of the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 2/21/10)(AFP, 2/21/10)
2010        Feb 21, Mexico’s federal police captured Jose Vasquez Villagrana (40), described as a key operator of the powerful Sinaloa cartel, in his home town of Santa Ana. He served briefly in the US army before taking on the trafficking of 2 tons of cocaine a month into the US. 14 deaths were reported in Sinaloa state. In the worst incident, six people, including two women and a minor, were found shot to death in a cemetery in Juan Jose Rios. In the same town, two men were found strangled in a house, one with the cable of an iron and another with a wire hanger.
    (AP, 2/22/10)
2010        Feb 21, In Pakistan a suicide car bomber hit a military convoy killing nine people, including children, in the Swat district, just months after the army claimed to have quelled a Taliban uprising. The body of Jaspal Singh one of three Sikhs abducted later January in Bara, Khyber district, was found beheaded. Taliban militants had kidnapped and beheaded him after relatives failed to pay a ransom, due Feb 20, for his release. The Sikh community blamed the umbrella Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) for the beheading.
    (AFP, 2/22/10)
2010        Feb 21, In the Philippines Albader Parad, a top commander of the Al Qaeda-linked Abu Sayyaf, was among six militants killed in fighting on Jolo island. Another of those slain, Abdulhan Jumdail, was identified as the cousin of Umbra Jumdail, one of the core leaders of the Abu Sayyaf.
    (AFP, 2/21/10)
2010        Feb 21, In southern Sudan weekend fighting between armed clan members and soldiers killed at least 30 people over the last 24 hours. After the attempt to seize weapons, the armed Gok Dinka, a sub-clan of the Dinka, the south's largest tribe, carried out a spate of attacks on an army base in Cueibet town.
    (Reuters, 2/23/10)

2011        Feb 21, Four Americans (Jean and Scott Adams, Phyllis Macay and Robert Riggle) taken hostage by Somali pirates were shot and killed by their captors, marking the first time US citizens have been killed in a wave of pirate attacks plaguing the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean. US naval forces, who were trailing the Americans' captured yacht with four warships, quickly boarded the Quest after hearing gunfire. Two pirates died during the confrontation and 13 were captured and detained. On March 10 the pirates were indicted in Norfolk, Va., on various charges including piracy and kidnapping. On August 22 two Somali men were sentenced to life in prison. 9 others remained including 3 charged with murder. In 2012 Mohammad Saaili Shibin was convicted for his role as a hostage negotiator.
    (AP, 2/22/11)(SFC, 3/11/11, p.A7)(SFC, 3/11/11, p.A7)(SFC, 8/23/11, p.A5)(SFC, 4/28/12, p.A4)
2011        Feb 21, In Daly City, Ca., patrol officers heard shots fired coming from 26 West Market Street. Officers saw an adult male subject grab an adult female around the neck and pull her into the residence. After a six hour stand off, the Hostage Negotiation Team convinced the subjects to leave the residence. Both subjects were arrested. A total of 26 firearms were seized from the residence. 10 of those firearms were considered assault weapons.
    (Daly City Crime Alert and Community Bulletin 02-28-11)
2011        Feb 21, Tom DeBaggio, herb grower and Alzheimer’s patient, died in Virginia. His work included “Losing My Mind" and “When It Gets Dark."
    (Econ, 3/5/11, p.93)
2011        Feb 21, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up at the entrance to a government office in Kunduz province, killing at least 30 people, many who were waiting in line to obtain government identification cards. A NATO service member was killed in a roadside bombing in the south.
    (AP, 2/21/11)
2011        Feb 21, In Algeria about 500 students rallied in the capital, part of the wave of unrest in Arab world to register discontent with national governments. The students want the government to scrap a new law that dilutes the value of their diplomas by giving equal status to less-qualified degree holders in the job market.
    (AP, 2/21/11)
2011        Feb 21, In Bahrain a group of young protesters camped out in the capital and called for the ouster of the entire ruling monarchy as part of sweeping demands to call off a weeklong uprising. At least 8 people have been killed and hundreds injured in the clashes since the unrest spilling across the Arab world reached the Gulf last week. A manifesto from a group calling itself "Youth of Feb. 14" — after the day of the first marches — apparently sought to raise the stakes of demands ahead of possible talks between the opposition and the monarchy.
    (AP, 2/21/11)
2011        Feb 21, British detectives named the country's 10 most wanted fugitives who have bolted to the "Costa del Crime", fleeing the urban ganglands for the Spanish sunshine.
    (AFP, 2/21/11)
2011        Feb 21, British energy giant BP and India's Reliance Industries announced a massive investment deal which could be worth up to $20 billion with later investment in key Indian oil and gas assets.
    (AFP, 2/21/11)
2011        Feb 21, British-based Diageo announced the takeover of Mey Icki, Turkey’s largest maker of raki, an aniseed drink, for $2.1 billion.
    (Econ, 3/5/11, p.70)
2011        Feb 21, In CongoDRC a mobile military court convicted army Lt. Col. Mutuare Daniel Kibibi (46) of crimes against humanity, a landmark verdict in this Central African country where aid groups say thousands are brutally raped each year and where impunity prevails for the soldiers and militia groups who terrorize civilians. 3 of Kibibi's officers received the same sentences, and 5 others got lesser sentences. 49 women who testified about the New Year attacks in Fizi were to receive up to $10,000 each in compensation from the government as part of the verdict.
    (AP, 2/21/11)
2011        Feb 21, Danish shipper Maersk announced the order of 10 colossal container ships from South Korea’s Daewoo Shipbuilding.
    (Econ, 2/26/11, p.73)
2011        Feb 21, Egypt asked Britain for its support in seeking debt forgiveness from Europe, in the latest push to boost an economy bruised by weeks of protests that toppled Pres. Mubarak. Egypt owed the EU member states about $9 billion. According to central bank figures the country's total foreign debt stood at about $34.7 billion as of the end of September 2011.
    (AP, 2/22/11)
2011        Feb 21, Egypt's prosecutor general requested a freeze on the foreign assets of Hosni Mubarak and his family, 10 days after the longtime president resigned in the face of a popular uprising.
    (AFP, 2/21/11)
2011        Feb 21, In Honduras a new law took effect banning smoking in most public and private spaces. It did not actually outlaw cigarettes inside homes, but did have a provision allowing people to file complaints about secondhand smoke in homes.
    (AP, 2/22/11)
2011        Feb 21, In Honduras evangelical pastor Carlos Marroquin (41), walking his two schnauzers, was shot to death by a gunman who tried to steal the dogs in San Pedro Sula.
    (AP, 2/22/11)
2011        Feb 21, In Iran Ali Karroubi, son of opposition leader Mahdi Karroubi, was taken into custody. His detention was widely viewed as at attempt to gain leverage on his father.
    (AP, 2/22/11)
2011        Feb 21, In Iraq a suicide attacker detonated a car bomb at a police station in Samarra, killing at least 12 police officers. Police and hospital officials in Sulaimaniyah said two protesters died, including a teenager, and 46 were wounded as a result of injuries sustained during overnight protests.
    (AP, 2/21/11)
2011        Feb 21, In the Ivory Coast at least 6 people were killed when soldiers entered opposition areas in Abidjan firing machine guns.
    (SFC, 2/22/11, p.A2)
2011        Feb 21, Libyan protesters celebrated in the streets of Benghazi, claiming control of the country's second largest city after bloody fighting, and anti-government unrest spread to the capital with clashes in Tripoli's main square for the first time. Justice minister Mustafa Abdel-Jalil resigned from his post to protest the "excessive use of force against unarmed protesters."
    (AP, 2/21/11)
2011        Feb 21, Spreading unrest in Libya shut down 6 percent of oil output in Africa's No.3 producer and prompted a host of energy firms to pull out international staff, sending oil prices to above $105 a barrel. Al Jazeera television said military aircraft fired live ammunition at crowds of anti-government protesters in Tripoli.
    (Reuters, 2/21/11)
2011        Feb 21, In Mali a stampede at a football stadium in Bamako killed 35 people. Thousands had gathered there for a blessing by a well-known Imam.
    (SFC, 2/23/11, p.A2)
2011        Feb 21, Mexican marines found 72 sticks of commercial synthetic explosives at a heavily armed camp in the southern state of Guerrero.
    (AP, 2/22/11)
2011        Feb 21, Morocco’s King Mohammed VI announced the creation of a new Social and Economic Council tasked with carrying out reforms. Interior Minister Taib Cherkaoui said 5 burned bodies were found in a bank set ablaze in the north Moroccan city of Al Hoceima in unrest that erupted after weekend demonstrations for change. Thousands of young Moroccans have joined the "February 20" movement on the social networking site Facebook, calling for peaceful demonstrations demanding a new constitution limiting the king's powers and more social justice.
    (Econ, 2/26/11, p.28)(AFP, 2/21/11)
2011        Feb 21, In Pakistan Abu Zaid, an Iraqi al-Qaida operative was believed to be one of seven militants killed by a US missile strike in the South Waziristan tribal region along the Afghan border overnight. A 2nd suspected US missile strike killed at least five people in North Waziristan.
    (AP, 2/21/11)
2011        Feb 21, The Palestinian Center for Human Rights said that five male hairdressers were interrogated in Gaza and forced to sign declarations that they wouldn't work in women's salons.
    (AP, 2/21/11)
2011        Feb 21, In the Philippines four kidnappers were killed and a policeman wounded during a foiled attempt to abduct a Chinese-Filipino businessman in southern North Cotabato province's Midsayap township.
    (AP, 2/21/11) 
2011        Feb 21, In Russia former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev described Russia as an imitation of democracy and accused its current rulers of conceit and contempt for voters, in his harshest criticism of the government yet.
    (AP, 2/21/11)
2011        Feb 21, In Somalia a suicide bomber detonated an explosives laden car at a police station in Mogadishu killing at least 8 people. Al-Shabab claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 2/22/11, p.A2)
2011        Feb 21, Yemen's embattled leader rejected demands that he step down, saying widespread demonstrations against his regime are unacceptable acts of provocation.
    (AP, 2/21/11)

2012        Feb 21, A US federal grand jury indicted Jacquline Hoegel (55) of American Canyon, Ca., and William Wise (62) of Raleigh, NC, for bilking investors of $75 million while running a nation-wide $129 million Ponzi scheme, which was shut down in March, 2009.
    (SFC, 3/1/12, p.C2)
2012        Feb 21, Barney Rosset (89), American publisher, died in Manhattan. He was the owner of the avant-garde Grove Press (1951-1991) and publisher and Editor-in-Chief of the magazine Evergreen Review.
    (SSFC, 3/4/12, p.F1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barney_Rosset)
2012        Feb 21, Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai invited the Taliban leadership to direct talks, while urging Pakistan to facilitate negotiation efforts towards ending 10 years of war. Demonstrators gathered outside the Bagram US base in Parwan province as word spread that Muslim holy books were burned in a pile of garbage. The US apologized for burning the copies of the Quran. A NATO service member died as a result of a non-battle related injury.
    (AFP, 2/21/12)(AP, 2/22/12)
2012        Feb 21, In Bhutan "The Bhutanese," an English-language paper, hit the market for the first time and will initially appear as a bi-weekly. A media revolution has seen more than 10 titles sprout up in the tiny Himalayan nation since the start of democracy in 2008.
    (AFP, 2/23/12)
2012        Feb 21, Britain’s Deputy PM Nick Clegg unveiled a £126 million fund to focus on the "ticking time bomb" of young people who are not in employment, education or training.
    (AFP, 2/21/12)
2012        Feb 21, The Brit Awards cut off singer Adele's speech as she accepted the main prize of the ceremony, a move which prompted the singer to raise her middle finger at the crowd. The organizers apologized in a statement after the event.
    (AFP, 2/22/12)
2012        Feb 21, Ethiopian troops in battle tanks thrust into rebel-held Somalia regions, sparking heavy fighting as they advanced towards the major Shebab stronghold of Baidoa.
    (AFP, 2/21/12)
2012        Feb 21, Greece reached an agreement on a $172 billion in loans through 2014 from the EU governments and the IMF.
    (SFC, 2/22/12, p.A4)
2012        Feb 21, A senior Tata executive said India’s Tata Motors has selected a partner to build an assembly plant for its luxury British car brands Jaguar and Land Rover in China.
    (AFP, 2/21/12)
2012        Feb 21, The Times of India said Tsutomi Omori (49), managing director of Olympus Medical Systems in India, was found hanging from iron railings within his luxury apartment complex in Delhi's satellite city of Gurgaon. Police said Omori appeared to have committed suicide late on Feb 19.
    (AFP, 2/21/12)
2012        Feb 21, Iran said it views its nuclear activities as a non-negotiable right, but confirmed they will be discussed in mooted talks with world powers aimed at defusing a crisis containing the seeds of a new Middle East war.
    (AFP, 2/21/12)
2012        Feb 21, Israel’s Supreme Court overturned the so-called Tal Law, saying that it failed to encourage more ultra-Orthodox to perform compulsory military service or alternative community service.
    (AP, 2/22/12)
2012        Feb 21, Jamaica’s National Security Minister Peter Bunting said Jamaica is developing a new policy to battle crime as gang violence drives the homicide rate higher. He said 165 killings have been reported by police so far in 2012, compared to 135 slayings during the corresponding period last year on the Caribbean island of 2.8 million people.
    (AP, 2/21/12)
2012        Feb 21, Libya’s leader Mustafa Abdul-Jalil acknowledged that his government is powerless to control militias that are refusing to lay down their arms after ousting Moammar Khadafy. The Swehli militia of Misrata, which also operates in Tripoli, seized Nicholas Davies and Gareth Montgomery-Johnson while they were reportedly filming in the capital. The two British journalists, working for Iran's English-Language Press TV, were being held for illegal entry and possible espionage. On March 18 deputy interior minister Omar al-Khadrawi said the men had committed no crime and were free to leave Libya.
    (SFC, 2/22/12, p.A4)(http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-wales-17260958)(AFP, 3/20/12)
2012        Feb 21, Libyan tribal sources said fierce clashes between two tribes in the remote southeastern desert have killed more than 100 people over the past 10 days. They said at least 113 people from the Toubu tribe and another 23 from the Zwai tribe have been killed in the town of Kufra since fighting erupted on February 12. Control of lucrative smuggling routes was at the root of the conflict.
    (AFP, 2/21/12)
2012        Feb 21, Malaysia's Home Ministry said in a statement that bookstores were no longer allowed to sell "Where did I come from?" by British author Peter Mayle pending a review.
    (AFP, 2/21/12)
2012        Feb 21, Nepal's highest court jailed a serving government minister for corruption in a first for a nation fighting an ingrained culture of graft. Information and communications minister, Jaya Prakash Prasad Gupta (52), was handed an 18-month sentence and an 8.4 million-rupee fine after he failed to account for a vast portfolio of property accrued while in office.
    (AFP, 2/21/12)
2012        Feb 21, A Shell oil official said oil companies in Nigeria are battling against a rising theft that is costing them an estimated 150,000 barrels of crude each day.
    (AFP, 2/21/12)
2012        Feb 21, The Pakistani navy took delivery of two state-of-the-art, US-made surveillance aircraft nine months after Islamist militants destroyed two similar planes.
    (AFP, 2/21/12)
2012        Feb 21, Palestinian prisoner Khader Adnan (33), a member of the Islamic Jihad militant group, agreed to end his 66-day hunger strike after reaching a deal with Israel that will free him in April.
    (AP, 2/21/12)
2012        Feb 21, It was reported that a team of Russian scientists have revived a plant, Silene stenophylla, whose seeds came from a squirrel’s chamber in Siberian permafrost dating back 30k-32k years.
    (SFC, 2/21/12, p.A4)
2012        Feb 21, Africa's top envoy, former Nigerian president Olusegun Obasanjo, arrived in Senegal amid fresh clashes, with the opposition hoping he can talk 85-year-old President Abdoulaye Wade out of seeking a controversial third term in weekend polls.
    (AFP, 2/21/12)
2012        Feb 21, In Russia Pussy Riot performed a punk rock song in the Cathedral of Christ the Savior of the Russian Orthodox Church in Moscow. In the song, the group prayed to the “Holy Mother, Blessed Virgin" to “chase Putin out," in part of the growing protest movement against Vladimir Putin.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pussy_Riot)
2012        Feb 21, Syrian forces killed at least 68 people across the country, including 16 in the shelling of neighborhoods in Homs. The International Committee of the Red Cross called for a daily two-hour cease-fire so it can deliver emergency aid and evacuate people who are wounded or sick.
    (AFP, 2/21/12)(AP, 2/21/12)(AFP, 2/22/12)
2012        Feb 21, Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez announced that doctors in Cuba found a new lesion in the same place where a cancerous tumor was removed last year and said he will shortly return to the island to have it surgically removed.
    (AP, 2/22/12)
2012        Feb 21, Yemenis voted to instate their US-backed vice president as the new head of state, tasked with steering the country out of a crisis created by an anti-government uprising that has raged for a year. Vice President Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi was the only candidate. Four people including a child were killed in clashes in south Yemen between security forces and separatists, who seized half the polling stations in the city of Aden to prevent voting.
    (AP, 2/21/12)(AFP, 2/21/12)

2013        Feb 21, Detroit, with its violent crimes, high unemployment, dwindling population and financial crisis, was named by Forbes as the most miserable city in the United States.
    (Reuters, 2/21/13)
2013        Feb 21, Nevada Gov. Brian Sandoval signed legislation legalizing online gambling.
    SFC, 2/22/13, p.A7)
2013        Feb 21, In Las Vegas a Maserati ran a red light at one of the Strip's busiest intersections and smashed into a taxi that exploded into flames, killing taxi driver Michael Boldon (62) and passenger Sandra Sutton-Wasmund (48), of Maple Valley, Wash. Kenneth Wayne Cherry Jr., the driver of the Maserati, was killed. Bullets had flown from a black Range Rover at the Maserati as the vehicles raced toward a red light on the Strip. The black SUV was found on Feb 23 as police named Ammar Harris (26) in connection with the shooting and six-vehicle chain-reaction carnage. Ammar Harris was arrested in Los Angeles on Feb 28.
    (AP, 2/21/13)(AP, 2/24/13)(AP, 2/28/13)
2013        Feb 21, Suspended Pennsylvania Supreme Court Justice Joan Orie Melvin along with her aide and sister, Janine Orie, were convicted on campaign corruption charges. They could join a third sister — former state Sen. Jane Orie — in state prison.
    (AP, 2/22/13)
2013        Feb 21, Google unveiled its touch-screen Chromebook Pixel, a high-end laptop starting at $1,299.
    (SFC, 2/22/13, p.A1)
2013        Feb 21, Britain’s HM Revenue and Customs published the names of what it described as "tax cheats" for the first time, part of efforts to address public anger over tax evasion at a time of economic austerity.
    (Reuters, 2/21/13)
2013        Feb 21, A London jury found Irfan Naseer (31), Irfan Khalid (27) and Ashik Ali (27), arrested in September 2011, guilty of being central figures in a foiled plot to explode knapsack bombs in crowded areas.
    (AP, 2/21/13)
2013        Feb 21, Ray Cusick (84), BBC designer, died. He created the Daleks, mutant monsters in sinister shells, for the “Doctor Who" TV series.
    (Econ, 3/2/13, p.90)
2013        Feb 21, In Guatemalan residents of Peten province reported a gunbattle between drug gangs and said one of the dead resembled Mexico's most-wanted drug lord, Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman. Soldiers and police scanning the area found no sign of any confrontation.
    (AP, 2/22/13)
2013        Feb 21, A Haitian judge summoned Jean-Claude Duvalier (61) to appear in court after the former dictator defied an order to attend a hearing to determine whether he should again face charges for human rights abuses committed during the nearly 15 years of his brutal regime.
    (AP, 2/21/13)
2013        Feb 21, In India 16 people were killed and 117 injured in a pair of bomb explosions in a crowded area of the southern city of Hyderabad.
    (AP, 2/21/13)(AP, 2/22/13)(Econ, 3/2/13, p.41)
2013        Feb 21, In Indonesia some 20 assailants killed eight soldiers killed in two attacks in Papua province. The assailants were identified as members of a local separatist group led by Goliat Tabuni.
    (AP, 2/21/13)
2013        Feb 21, An Iranian semi-official news agency said Iran is planning to build a $4 billion oil refinery in Gwadar, Baluchistan province. Iran will reportedly sell products from the refinery to Pakistan in return of food, especially wheat, meat and rice.
    (AP, 2/21/13)(SSFC, 2/24/13, p.A4)
2013        Feb 21, In Iraq gunmen attacked an army checkpoint in Duluiayah, 75 km north of Baghdad, killing four soldiers and wounding four others.
    (AP, 2/21/13)
2013        Feb 21, Japan’s government unexpectedly announced that it had hanged 3 men for murder.
    (Econ, 2/23/13, p.40)
2013        Feb 21, In eastern Kenya gunmen armed with AK-47 rifles opened fire at a mosque, killing 7 people in the remote and tiny village of Maayleey.
    (AP, 2/21/13)
2013        Feb 21, The Malawi government agreed to raise public workers' salaries by 60%, ending a two-week old strike.
    (AP, 2/22/13)
2013        Feb 21, In Kidal, Mali, a town further north where control by French and Chad forces has been tentative, a car explosion in a mechanics garage killed two, including the driver and a security guard. Jihadist fighters fired two rockets at military points in the city of Gao as a suicide bomber attacked secular rebels near Algeria's border.
    (AP, 2/21/13)(AP, 2/22/13)
2013        Feb 21, Mexico said it will work with the Int’l. Red Cross on the search of thousands of people who have disappeared during the country’s 6-year war on drugs.
    (SFC, 2/22/13, p.A2)
2013        Feb 21, In Nigeria a suicide bombing hit a crowded market in the heart of Maiduguri and engulfed stalls in flames.
    (AP, 2/21/13)
2013        Feb 21, In Pakistan a bomb blast inside a shopping mall in Peshawar killed at least one person and wounded 12 people. The bombing targeted shops selling mobile phones.
    (AP, 2/21/13)
2013        Feb 21, A Pakistani intelligence official said at least half the Afghan Taliban recently freed from Pakistani prisons have rejoined the insurgency throwing into question the value of such goodwill gestures that the Afghan government requested to restart a flagging peace process.
    (AP, 2/21/13)   
2013        Feb 21, Hundreds of Palestinian protesters clashed with Israeli security forces, hurling rocks and burning tires at a West Bank demonstration to show solidarity with Palestinian prisoners held by Israel.
    (AP, 2/21/13)
2013        Feb 21, Spain’s Ferrovial, a construction and services company, announced that it would buy Enterprise, a British provider of municipal services, for £385 mil ($608m).
    (Econ, 3/9/13, p.68)
2013        Feb 21, Syrian state TV said at least 53 people were killed in a car bomb attack in Damascus near the headquarters of the ruling Baath party and the Russian Embassy. Anti-regime activists put the death toll at 59. At least 13 other people were killed on two other car bombings in Damascus. An opposition group said 18 people were killed in a government airstrike on a rebel field hospital in Daraa.
    (AP, 2/21/13)(AP, 2/22/13)SFC, 2/22/13, p.A3)
2013        Feb 21, In Yemen a celebration marking the first anniversary of the country's presidential election was interrupted by a shootout between government forces and disgruntled members of a southern independence movement. 4 southerners demonstrating for secession in Aden were killed by security forces.
    (AP, 2/21/13)(Econ, 4/13/13, p.51)

2014        Feb 21, US officials announced that California’s Central Valley farmers would get no irrigation water from the federal government due to the current drought.
    (SFC, 2/22/14, p.A1)
2014        Feb 21, California state Sen. Ron Calderon (56) and his brother, former Assemblyman Tom Calderon (59), were indicted on a broad range of federal public corruption charges.
    (SFC, 2/22/14, p.C2)
2014        Feb 21, US District Judge Sharon Johnson ruled that same-sex marriages can begin immediately in Cook County, Ill.
    (SFC, 2/22/14, p.A6)
2014        Feb 21, The head of Croatia's Bishops Conference, Archbishop Zelimir Puljic, said the Rev. Nedeljko Ivanov has been found guilty of sexually abusing minors in 1980s and 1990s. Ivanov was ordered to apologize to the victims and donate part of his pension to charity.
    (AP, 2/22/14)
2014        Feb 21, The EU bloc's executive Commission added Bavarian pretzels to its "protected origins" list.
    (AP, 2/21/14)
2014        Feb 21, In Germany a strike by security staff at Frankfurt airport caused nearly 50 flight cancellations and delayed thousands of passengers, bringing chaos to Europe's third largest hub.
    (Reuters, 2/21/14)
2014        Feb 21, India came under pressure over the deaths of over 450 nationals in almost two years in Qatar, the host of the 2022 World Cup. Amnesty International called on the Indian government to release more information about the deaths amid mounting criticism over safety and working conditions in Qatar.
    (AFP, 2/21/14)
2014        Feb 21, A Myanmar state minister said an jade boulder weighing up to 50 tons was discovered by miners just over a week ago in the northern region of Hpakant.
    (SFC, 2/22/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 21, In Pakistan Taliban spokesman Shahidullah Shahid said there was still hope peace negotiations might resume.
    (Reuters, 2/22/14)
2014        Feb 21, Philippine authorities killed at least 7 alleged drug traffickers and arrested 36 others in raids in in Davao city's coastal Tibungco district.
    (AP, 2/21/14)
2014        Feb 21, In Russia 200 people were arrested near a Moscow court as it convicted eight defendants of mass riots and attacking police at a 2012 protest against Pres. Putin, a case widely seen as a crackdown on dissent.
    (AFP, 2/21/14)(SFC, 2/22/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 21, In Somalia 9 al-Shabab militants wearing military fatigues and carrying guns and grenades died after attacking the presidential palace with two car bombs, in an assault the president called a "media spectacular" by a "dying animal." 2 government officials were killed.
    (AP, 2/21/14)
2014        Feb 21, In Spain international mediators said the armed Basque separatist group ETA has placed a small quantity of guns and explosives out of use in what is seen as a first step toward an unconditional total disarmament.
    (AP, 2/21/14)
2014        Feb 21, A Spanish court ruled that Arthur Budovsky (40), accused of being behind Liberty Reserves, one of the world's biggest money laundering businesses, can be extradited to the US to face charges there.
    (AP, 2/22/14)
2014        Feb 21, The Syrian army intensified its aerial bombardment of southern Syria as opposition fighters were preparing to launch a wide offensive in a province bordering Jordan. In Geneva the UN’s refugee agency called on countries to make commitments to provide resettlement for an additional 100,000 Syrian refugees in 2015 and 2016. A group of 38 male evacuees from besieged parts of Homs were released after investigation, leaving almost 200 others still being held.
    (AP, 2/21/14)(AFP, 2/21/14)
2014        Feb 21, In Tunisia an Islamist official in Libya's government and 10 other passengers and crew were killed when a Libyan military plane carrying medical patients crashed near Tunis.
    (Reuters, 2/21/14)
2014        Feb 21, Ukraine's opposition leaders signed a deal with the president and European and Russian mediators for early elections and a new government in hopes of ending a deadly political crisis. Ukraine's parliament voted to return the ex-Soviet country to its 2004 constitution, which limits the president's powers and gives lawmakers the right to appoint key ministers.
    (AP, 2/21/14)(AFP, 2/21/14)
2014        Feb 21, The UN refugee agency said around 28,000 people have fled from conflict-torn Central African Republic to neighbouring Cameroon since the start of this month.
    (AFP, 2/21/14)
2014        Feb 21, Yemeni forces shot dead one protester and wounded 16 others as secessionists in the southern city of Aden defied a ban on protests.
    (AFP, 2/21/14)

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