Today in History - February 22

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896        Feb 22, Pope Formosa was crowned king Arnulf of Carinthia, French emperor.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1076        Feb 22, Godfried III, with the Hump, duke of Lower Lorraine, was murdered. [see Feb 26]
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1349        Feb 22, Jews were expelled from Zurich, Switzerland.
    (HN, 2/22/98)

1371        Feb 22, David II Bruce (46), king of Scotland (1331-1371), died.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1387          Feb 22, Jogaila issued a proclamation for all Lithuanians to accept Catholicism.
    (LHC, 2/22/03)

1403        Feb 22, Charles VII, King of France (1422-1461), was born.
    (HN, 2/22/98)(MC, 2/22/02)

1440        Feb 22, Ladislaus V Posthumus, King of Hungary and Bohemia, was born.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1512        Feb 22, Amerigo Vespucci (b.1451), Italian explorer, died in Seville, Spain.
    (http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15384b.htm)

1599        Feb 22, Anthony Van Dyck, painter, was born in Antwerp, Belgium. [See Mar 22]
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1630        Feb 22, Indians introduced pilgrims to popcorn at Thanksgiving.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1634        Feb 22, Petrus "Pieter" van Schooten, fortress architect, was born.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1635        Feb 22, King Louis XIII at the urging of Cardinal Richelieu granted letters patent to formally establish the Academie Francaise in Paris. The Académie française was responsible for the regulation of French grammar, orthography, and literature.
    (http://tinyurl.com/4nq46)

1656        Feb 22, New Amsterdam was granted a Jewish burial site.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1687        Feb 22, Jean-Baptiste Lully, composer, died in Paris. Lully, Paris Opera director, had stabbed himself in the foot with a baton and died of blood poisoning.
    (SFC, 8/21/99, p.B3)(MC, 2/22/02)

1690        Feb 22, Charles Le Brun (70), classical painter (Academie de Peinture), died.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1700          Feb 22, Augustus II (the Strong) with the help of the Saxon army attacked Swedish controlled Riga. This began the Northern War (1700-1721).
    (LHC, 2/22/03)

1727        Feb 22, Francesco Gasparini (58), composer, died.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1732        Feb 22, George Washington (1732-1799), first U.S. President (1789-1797), was born in Westmoreland, Virginia. He is revered as the "Father of His Country" for the great services he rendered during America's birth and infancy--a period of nearly 20 years. He spent most of his boyhood at Ferry Farm, across from the village of Fredericksburg. He later married Martha Custis, a widow with 2 sons. They had no children together. Martha Washington is credited with originating the first US bandanna. He held 317 slaves and once said: “To set the slaves afloat at once would... be productive of much inconvenience and mischief?". Washington commanded the Continental Army that won American independence from Britain in 1783. In 1787, Washington was elected president of the Constitutional Convention that created the form of American democratic government that survives to this day. Washington was also elected in 1787 as the first president of the United States, serving two terms. One of his officers, "Light-horse Harry" Lee, summed up how Americans felt about George Washington: "First in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen." George Washington died at his Mount Vernon home on December 14, 1799, at the age of 67.
    (A & IP, ESM, p.10)(AHD, p.1446)(SFC, 3/8/96, p.A21)(Hem., 3/97, p.101) (SFC,12/897, p.A27)(HN, 2/22/98)(HNPD, 2/22/99)

1770        Feb 22, Jan Matyas Nepomuk August Vitasek, composer, was born.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1774        Feb 22, English House of Lords ruled that authors do not have perpetual copyright.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1775        Feb 22, Jews were expelled from the outskirts of Warsaw, Poland.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1778        Feb 22, Rembrandt Peale, American painter who painted excellent portraits of the founding fathers of the United States, was born.
    (HN, 2/22/99)

1784        Feb 22, A U.S. merchant ship, the "Empress of China," left New York City for the Far East.
    (AP, 2/22/99)

1788        Feb 22, Arthur Schopenhauer (d.1860), German philosopher (Great Pessimist), was born: "Hatred comes from the heart; contempt from the head; and neither feeling is quite within our control."
    (AP, 12/9/99)(MC, 2/22/02)

1797        Feb 22, The last invasion of Britain took place when some 1,400 Frenchmen landed at Fishguard, in Wales.
    (HN, 2/22/99)

1819        Feb 22, James Russell Lowell (d.1891), American essayist, poet, critic, diplomat, abolitionist, was born: "He who is firmly seated in authority soon learns to think security, and not progress, the highest lesson of statecraft."
    (AP, 6/29/99)(MC, 2/22/02)
1819        Feb 22, Spain signed the Adams-Onis Treaty with the United States ceding eastern Florida. Spanish minister Do Luis de Onis and U.S. Secretary of State John Quincy Adams signed the Florida Purchase Treaty, in which Spain agrees to cede the remainder of its old province of Florida. Spain renounced claims to Oregon Country. [see 1821]
    (AP, 2/22/99)(HN, 2/22/99)

1821        Feb 22, The Adams-Onis Treaty became final, whereby Spain gave up all of Florida to the US. The boundary between Mexico and the Louisiana Purchase was established and the US renounced all claims to Texas.
    (AH, 2/06, p.15)

1822        Feb 22, Adolf Kuszmaul, German physician (stomach pump, Kuszmaul disease), was born.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1825        Feb 22, Russia and Britain established the Alaska-Canada boundary.
    (HN, 2/22/98)

1832        Feb 22, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (b.1749), poet, (Faust, Egmont) died in Weimar, Germany. Goethe had served as minister of mines under Bismarck. He completed "Faust" just before his death: "When Ideas fail, words come in handy." In 1988 Kenneth Weisinger authored "The Classical Facade: A Non-Classical Reading of Goethe's Criticism." In 2006 John Armstrong authored “Love, Life, Goethe: How to Be Happy in an Imperfect World."
    (SFEC, 4/26/98, Z1 p.8)(SFC, 8/7/03, p.A19)(SFC, 12/14/04, p.B1)(WSJ, 1/13/07, p.P10)

1835        Feb 22, HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin left Valdivia, Chile.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1847        Feb 22, In the Battle of Buena Vista US troops beat Mexican army during the Mexican-American War. Mexican General Santa Anna (of Alamo infamy) surrounded the outnumbered forces of U.S. General Zachary Taylor ('Old Rough and Ready') at the Angostura Pass in Mexico and demanded an immediate surrender. Taylor refused, reported to reply, "Tell him to go to hell," and early the next morning Santa Anna dispatched some 15,000 troops to move against the 5,000 Americans. The superior US artillery was able to halt one of the two advancing Mexican divisions. By the afternoon Taylor had lived up to his word as the Mexicans began to withdraw.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1857        Feb 22, Heinrich Hertz, German physicist, was born in Hamburg. He became the first person to broadcast and receive radio waves. The radio wave unit of frequency was named after him.
    (HN, 2/22/01)(AP, 2/22/07)
1857        Feb 22, Lord Robert Baden-Powell, founder of the Boy Scout Movement, was born in London.
    (AP, 2/22/07)

1860        Feb 22, Shoe-making workers of Lynn, Mass, struck successfully for higher wages. The strike in Lynn and Natick, Massachusetts, spread throughout New England and involved 20,000 workers. The strike was for higher wages and included women. The workers won their major demands.
    (HNQ, 8/3/98)(MC, 2/22/02)

1861        Feb 22, Edward Weston left Boston on a bet  to walk to Lincoln's inauguration.
    (MC, 2/22/02)
1861        Feb 22, Jefferson Davis was sworn in as the permanent president of the Confederate States of America on Washington’s birthday. Davis was sworn in as president of the Confederacy in Richmond, Va., following his inauguration in Alabama on Feb 18.
    (HN, 2/22/98)(AH, 10/04, p.60)

1864        Feb 22, Nathan Bedford Forrest's brother, Jeffrey, was killed at Okolona, Miss. Nathan Bedford Forrest (1821-1877) was a Confederate cavalry general.
    (HN, 2/22/98)(WUD, 1994, p.558)
1864        Feb 22-27, Battle at Dalton, Georgia.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1865        Feb 22, Federal troops captured Wilmington, N.C. (Fort Anderson).
    (HN, 2/22/98)(MC, 2/22/02)
1865        Feb 22, Tennessee adopted a new constitution abolishing slavery.
    (HN, 2/22/98)(AP, 2/22/99)

1879        Feb 22, Frank Winfield Woolworth's 'nothing over five cents' shop opened at Utica, New York. It was the first chain store.
    (AP, 2/22/99)(HN, 2/22/99)

1888        Feb 22, John Reid of Scotland demonstrated golf to Americans at Yonkers, NY. Reid converted his lawn to six hole for golf in Yonkers N.Y., the first golf course in the US.
    (SFEC, 7/18/99, Z1 p.8)(MC, 2/22/02)

1889        Feb 22, President Cleveland signed a bill to admit the Dakotas, Montana and Washington state to the Union. The "omnibus bill" was an act dividing the Dakota Territory into the states of North and South Dakota, and enabling the two Dakotas to formulate constitutions. A constitutional convention was held at Bismarck beginning July 4, 1889. A constitution was formulated and submitted to a vote of the people of the State of North Dakota on October 1, 1889, and was adopted.
    (AP, 2/22/99)(www.court.state.nd.us/court/history/dakotaterritory.htm)

1891        Feb 22, "Chico" Marx, actor, comedian (Marx Brothers, Animal Crackers), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1892        Feb 22, Edna St. Vincent Millay, poet, was born.
    (HN, 2/22/01)
1892        Feb 22, "Lady Windermere's Fan," a melodrama by Oscar Wilde, was first performed, at St. James Theater in London. It was about suspected infidelity.
    (WSJ, 7/29/98, p.A13)(AP, 2/22/99)

1898        Feb 22, A black postmaster was lynched and his wife and 3 daughters were shot in Lake City, SC.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1900        Feb 22, Sean O’Faolain, Irish short story writer, was born.
    (HN, 2/22/01)
1900        Feb 22, Hawaii became a US territory. [see Apr 30]
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1902        Feb 22, A fistfight broke out in the US Senate. Senator Benjamin Tillman, a white supremacist, suffered a bloody nose for accusing his fellow South Carolina Senator John McLaurin of bias on the Philippine tariff issue.
    (HN, 2/22/98)(Econ, 6/30/12, p.35)

1903        Feb 22, The US side of Niagara Falls ran short of water due to drought.
    (MC, 2/22/02)
1903        Feb 22, Hugo Wolf (b.1860), Austrian composer of Slovene origin, died. He is particularly noted for his German art songs, or Lieder.
    (WSJ, 3/27/07, p.D7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugo_Wolf)

1905        Feb 22, Japan 1st claimed the volcanic islets they called Takeshima, located between Japan and Korea, where they are known as Tokdo (Dokdo). Japan illegally incorporated Dokdo as its territory through an administrative measure of one of its prefectures.
    (Econ, 3/26/05, p.42)(Econ, 4/9/05, p.14)

1907        Feb 22, It was reported that workers at the refugee camp in San Francisco’s Ingleside district had agreed the comply with a directive by commander C.M. Wallenberg to work one day per week for the betterment of the camp or miss their allotment of free tobacco.
    (SSFC, 2/18/07, DB p.58)
1907        Feb 22, The 1st cabs with taxi meters began operating in London.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1909        Feb 22, The Great White Fleet returned to Norfolk, Va., from an around-the-world show of naval power. 1st US fleet to circle the globe.
    (HN, 2/22/98)(MC, 2/22/02)

1910        Feb 22, In San Francisco the Sierra Club, under the leadership of Prof. A.G. McAdie, named 2 peaks of the Sutro Forest. The loftiest peak in the city was named Mount Davidson in honor of noted English-born geographer George Davidson (1825-1911), and the other Sutro Crest, in honor of former mayor and philanthropist Adolph Sutro.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Davidson_%28geographer%29)(SSFC, 2/21/10, DB p.42)

1911        Feb 22, Canadian Parliament voted to preserve the union with the British Empire.
    (HN, 2/22/98)

1915        Feb 22, Germany began "unrestricted" submarine warfare.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1918        Feb 22, Germany claimed the Baltic states, Finland and Ukraine from Russia.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1920        Feb 22, The American Relief Administration appealed to the public to pressure Congress to aid starving European cities.
    (HN, 2/22/98)
1920        Feb 22, The 1st artificial rabbit was used at a dog race track in Emeryville, Calif.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1921        Feb 22, An air mail plane left San Francisco at 4:30 a.m., landing at New York (Hazelhurst Field, L. I., N. Y.) at 4:50 p.m. on February 23.
    (www.airmailpioneers.org/history/Sagahistory.htm)
1921        Feb 22, Jean-Bedel Bokassa, dictator Central African Republic, was born.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1922        Feb 18, Pres. Harding signed the Capper-Volstead Act. It exempted farmers from federal antitrust laws permitting them to share prices and orchestrate supply.
    (WSJ, 9/26/06, p.B1)(www.uwcc.wisc.edu/info/capper.html)

1923        Feb 22, 1st successful chinchilla farm established in US was in LA, Calif.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1924        Feb 22, Calvin Coolidge delivered the first presidential radio broadcast from the White House as he addressed the country over 42 stations.
    (AP, 2/22/08)
1924        Feb 22, Columbia University declared radio education a success.
    (HN, 2/22/98)

1925        Feb 22, Edward Gorey, American writer and illustrator, was born.
    (HN, 2/22/01)
1925        Feb 22, Gerard Hoffnung, artist, humorist, musician (Hoffnung Music Festival), was born in Berlin, Germany.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1926        Feb 22, Pope Pius rejected Mussolini's offer of aid to the Vatican.
    (HN, 2/22/98)

1928        Feb 22, Australian Bert Hinkler ended his 11,250-mile adventure in Darwin, Australia, after flying 128 hours in less than 16 days. The unassuming Hinkler's grueling flight was little noted by the press until he reached India, then the world press got caught up in the drama of another "Lone Eagle" performance so soon after Charles A. Lindbergh's transatlantic flight. As he plotted a course across Asia and the Timor Sea using a London Times atlas as his navigational chart, a newspaper editor dubbed him "Hustling Hinkler," a nickname later immortalized by the American Tin Pan Alley hit song, "Hustling Hinkler Up in the Sky."
    (HNPD, 2/7/99)

1929        Feb 22, Marni Nixon, singer (for Audrey Hepburn, Natalie Wood & Deborah Kerr), was born.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1932        Feb 22, Edward Kennedy, Massachusetts Senator, was born. He was the brother of John F. Kennedy who championed the poor.
    (HN, 2/22/99)
1932        Feb 22, The first modern US Purple Heart was awarded. The original Purple Heart, designated as the Badge of Military Merit, was established by George Washington, by order from his Newburgh, New York headquarters on August 7, 1782.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Purple_Heart)

1933        Feb 22, Nazi Herman Goring formed SA/SS-police.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1934        Feb 22, George "Sparky" Anderson, baseball manager (Reds, Tigers), was born in SD.
    (MC, 2/22/02)
1934        Feb 22, The romantic comedy "It Happened One Night," starring Clark Gable and Claudette Colbert, opened at New York's Radio City Music Hall.
    (AP, 2/22/00)

1935        Feb 22, All plane flights over the White House were barred because they disturbed President Roosevelt's sleep.
    (HN, 2/22/98)

1937        Feb 22, Samuel Whitbread, English brewer, multi-millionaire, was born.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1940        Feb 22, German air force sank 2 German destroyers killing 578.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1941        Feb 22, Arthur T "Bomber" Harris became British Air Marshal.
    (MC, 2/22/02)
1941        Feb 22, IG Farben started building Buna-Werke in the Auschwitz extermination camp.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1942        Feb 22, President Franklin Roosevelt ordered Gen. Douglas MacArthur to leave the Philippines.
    (HN, 2/22/99)

1943        Feb 22, The battleship USS Iowa, the first in the Navy’s 45,000 ton class, was commissioned. The ship carried Pres. Roosevelt to Tehran in Nov. and was decommissioned in 1990. Also noted as 1st in the 48,000 ton class.
    (SFC, 1/27/98, p.A14)(SFC, 10/13/99, p.A6)
1943        Feb 22, In Germany Christoph Probst (22), Hans (24) and Sophie Scholl (21), student members of the Die Weisse Rose (White Rose) resistance, were executed by the Nazis.
    (SFC, 9/7/98, p.A21)(www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/rose.html)

1944        Feb 22, Jonathan Demme, film director (The Silence of the Lambs, Philadelphia), was born in Baldwin, NY.
    (HN, 2/22/01)(MC, 2/22/02)

1946        Feb 22, George Kennan (1904-2005) sent his “Long Telegram," actually 5 separate cables, from Moscow to the US State Dept. in Washington explaining that the Soviet regime was among other things fundamentally insecure, opposed to the US, and held designs on the world for violent destabilization. This led to America’s redesign of its foreign policy to contain Soviet hostility firmly over the long term.
    (Econ, 3/26/05, p.85)(Econ, 11/12/11, p.97)

1948        Feb 22, An Arab bomb attack in Jerusalem killed 50 people.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1951        Feb 22, The Atomic Energy Commission disclosed information about the first atom-powered airplane.
    (HN, 2/22/98)

1952        Feb 22, The U.S. signed a military aid pact with Peru.
    (HN, 2/22/98)
1952        Feb 22, French forces evacuated Hoa Binh in Indochina.
    (HN, 2/22/99)

1954        Feb 22, U.S. was to install 60 Thor nuclear missiles in Britain.
    (HN, 2/22/99)

1956        Feb 22, Elvis Presley's 1st hit in Billboard's top 10: "Heartbreak Hotel."
    (MC, 2/22/02)
1956        Feb 22, The US Montgomery Boycott sparked arrests that included Martin Luther King. He was found guilty on March 22 and ordered to pay a $500 fine.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.22)(SFEM, 1/19/97, BR p.1)(Sm, 3/06, p.44)

1961        Feb 22, The Broadway play “Come Blow Your Horn" by Neil Simon opened at the Brooks Atkinson Theater.
    (SFC, 10/28/09, p.D5)(www.ibdb.com/production.php?id=2294)
1961        Feb 22, British Foreign Sec. Douglas-Home said in a "Top Secret" letter to Defense Minister Harold Watkinson that, "It must be fully obvious to the Americans that Hong Kong is indefensible by conventional means and that in the event of a Chinese attack, nuclear strikes against China would be the only alternative to complete abandonment of the colony." The document was made public in 2006.
    (AP, 6/30/06)

1962        Feb 22, A Soviet bid for new Geneva arms talks was turned down by the U.S.
    (HN, 2/22/98)

1963        Feb 22, Moscow warned the U.S. that an attack on Cuba would mean war.
    (HN, 2/22/98)

1967        Feb 22, Barbara Garson's "MacBird!," a notorious counterculture drama, premiered in NYC. It satirically depicted President Lyndon Johnson as Macbeth and his wife, Lady Bird Johnson, as Lady Macbeth.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MacBird)
1967        Feb 22, A report from Africa indicated that the world's first white gorilla had been found.
    (HN, 2/22/98)
1967        Feb 22, More than 25,000 US and South Vietnamese troops launched Operation Junction City, aimed at smashing a Vietcong stronghold near the Cambodian border.
    (HN, 2/22/99)(AP, 2/22/07)

1972        Feb 22, President Nixon met with Mao Tse-tung in Peking and Chinese Premier Chou En-Lai in Beijing. In 2006 Margaret McMillan authored “Seize the Hour: When Nixon Met Mao."
    (HN, 2/22/98)(Econ, 10/28/06, p.93)

1973        Feb 22, The United States and Communist China agreed to establish liaison offices.
    (AP, 2/22/99)
1973        Feb 22, Winthrop Rockefeller (b.1912), two-year term Arkansas Governor (1967-1971), died of cancer. He was the 4th son of John D. Rockefeller.
    (http://archive.rockefeller.edu/bio/winthrop.php)

1974        Feb 22, Cesar Chavez began a UFW march from Union Square in SF to Gallo headquarters in Modesto.
    (SFEM, 4/13/97, p.11)
1974        Feb 22, Samuel Joseph Byck (1930–1974), an unemployed former tire salesman, attempted to hijack a plane flying out of Baltimore-Washington International Airport. He intended to crash into the White House in hopes of killing US President Richard M. Nixon. Byck killed pilot Fred Jones and a aviation officer George Neal Ramsburg before he was shot and wounded by gunfire through the door of a Delta DC-9 airplane. Byck then shot himself in the head.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Byck)
1974        Feb 22, Pakistan officially recognized Bangladesh.
    (http://pakistanspace.tripod.com/74.htm)(http://tinyurl.com/58uluz)

1976        Feb 22, Sandra Camille found her husband, David Stegall, a Dallas dentist, dead with slashed wrists and a bullet in the left temple. Sandra collected insurance and re-married 2 years later to Bobby Bridewell, who died of cancer 2 years later. After 2 more years Sandra married Alan Rehrig (29). He was found shot dead in 1985, and Sandra again collected insurance. Sandra embarked on a series of frauds and in 2007 at age 62 was held in North Carolina pending investigations into her past.
    (SFC, 7/6/07, p.B9)

1978        Feb 22, The US Dept. of Defense launched the 1st of a constellation of satellites that later made the backbone of the Global Positioning System (GPS). Ivan A. Getting (1912-2003), a military scientist, conceived the idea and Bradford Parkinson of Stanford helped implement the system.
    (SFC, 10/18/03, p.A22)(http://msl.jpl.nasa.gov/Programs/gps.html)

1979        Feb 22, St. Lucia gained full independence from Britain and Sir John Compton became the first prime minister.
    (PCh, 1992, p.1072)(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(SFC, 3/22/99, p.A10)

1980        Feb 22, In a stunning upset, the U.S. Olympic hockey team defeated the Soviets at Lake Placid, N.Y., 4-3. The US team went on to win the gold medal.
    (AP, 2/22/01)
1980        Feb 22, Afghanistan declared martial law following a major uprising in Kabul.
    (http://tinyurl.com/34hky9)

1982        Feb 22, Alan C. Nelson (1933-1997) became US Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization (INS) and served to 1989. In 1994 he co-authored California’s Proposition 187, an initiative to deny health and education benefits to illegal immigrants.
    (http://149.101.23.2/graphics/aboutus/history/commrs/nelson.html)(SFC, 2/1/97, p.A23)

1983        Feb 22, Harold Washington (1922-1987) won Chicago's Democratic mayoral primary.
    (www.chipublib.org/004chicago/timeline/washingtonelected.html)

1984        Feb 22, A 12-year-old Houston boy known publicly only as "David," died 15 days after being removed from the bubble for a bone-marrow transplant. He had spent most his life in a plastic bubble because he had no immunity to disease.
    (AP, 2/22/04)
1984        Feb 22-1984 Mar 16, Iran’s offensive Operation Kheibar captured the Iraqi Majnoon Islands in the Haur al-Hawizeh marshes. Britain and the US sent warships to the Persian Gulf following an Iranian offensive against Iraq.
    (HN, 2/22/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran-Iraq_War)

1986        Feb 22, Jordan King Hussein delivered a televised address in which he denounced PLO leader Yasser Arafat and accused him of reneging of previous promises made to accept resolutions 242 and 338.
    (http://tinyurl.com/mlurr)
1986        Feb 22, In the Philippines a group of military officers mutinied against Pres. Marcos and holed him up with a small force at a military camp in Manila, leading to three days of protests by hundreds of thousands of citizens that finally toppled him. The Catholic Church’s call for civil disobedience helped to overthrow the dictatorship of Marcos.
    (AP, 8/1/09)(Econ, 10/16/10, p.48)

1987        Feb 22, Pop artist Andy Warhol died at a New York City hospital at age 58. His parents belonged to the Carpatho-Rusyns ethnic group. David Bourdon wrote a study of Warhol in 1989.
    (WSJ, 4/26/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 4/4/98, p.A24)(AP, 2/22/99)
1987        Feb 22, David Susskind (66), talk-show host, was found dead in his Manhattan hotel suite.
    (AP, 2/22/07)
1987        Feb 22, The Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors of six major industrial countries (Canada, France, Germany, Japan, United Kingdom, United States, G6) met in Paris and agreed in the Louvre Accord to bring down the value of the dollar.
    (Econ, 4/29/06, p.82)(www.g7.utoronto.ca/finance/fm870408.htm)

1989        Feb 22, Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini, who had sentenced author Salman Rushdie to death, said economic sanctions would not change his stance, and that publication of Rushdie's "The Satanic Verses" was a sign from God that Iran should not reach out to the West.
    (AP, 2/22/99)

1990        Feb 22, Former President Reagan's videotaped testimony for the trial of former national security adviser John Poindexter was released in Washington; in his deposition, Reagan said he never had "any inkling" his aides were secretly arming the Nicaraguan Contras.
    (AP, 2/22/00)

1991        Feb 22, President Bush and America’s Gulf War allies gave Iraq 24 hours to begin withdrawing from Kuwait, or face a final all-out attack. Iraq denounced the “shameful" US ultimatum, aligning itself with a Soviet peace plan the US had rejected.
    (AP, 2/22/01)
1991        Feb 22, The US invaded Kuwait in the Gulf War Desert Storm and quickly chased out the Iraqi forces. US soldiers may have been exposed to minute amounts of the nerve gas agent called Substance 33. Russia had developed the Novichok family of nerve gases that were designed to be undetectable by American instruments and they may have been in Iraqi hands at this time. Gen. Anatoly Diamianovich Kuntsevich was in charge of the secret development of the gases and post-Soviet disarmament and the information about the battlefield sensors was revealed by former Soviet scientist Vil Mirzayanov. Their stories agree.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1991)(WSJ, 4/30/96, p.A-14)
1991        Feb 22, US soldiers were issued the drug pyridostigmine bromide (PB) to counter the effects of the nerve agents tabun and soman. The drug was prescribed at 3 pills per day, but produced a physical a rush and was abused by many service people. It was later suspected as a cause of the symptoms of Gulf War syndrome. The drug was not fully approved by the FDA and military personnel were not informed of its effects. In 1999 a 2-year Rand analysis concluded that the drug pyridostigmine bromide could not be excluded as a contributor to Gulf War syndrome. The drug was given to as many as 300,000 US troops during the Persian gulf war.
    (SFEC, 3/22/98, p.A4)(SFC, 10/19/99, p.A1)

1992        Feb 22, President Bush renewed his attack on a Democratic tax plan, saying in a radio address that congressional Democrats were choosing “politics over duty."
    (AP, 2/22/02)
1992        Feb 22, At the Winter Olympics in Albertville, France, American speedskater Cathy Turner won the women's 500-meter race.
    (AP, 2/22/02)

1993            Feb 22, The UN passed Resolution 808 that established the Hague Int'l. War Crimes Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1 January 1991.
    (www.helsinki.org.yu/pubs_text.php?lang=en&idteksta=417)

1994        Feb 22, The Justice Department charged 31-year CIA counterintelligence veteran Aldrich H. Ames and his wife, Rosario, with selling national security secrets to the Soviet Union. He passed information from 1985 to 1994 that included the names of US agents. Ames was later sentenced to life in prison; his wife received a 5-year term. Ames’ disclosures led to the execution of at least 10 FBI-recruited Soviet and Warsaw Pact agents.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.A17)(AP, 2/22/99)(SSFC, 4/7/02, p.A14)

1995        Feb 22, Ed Flanders (b.1934), actor (Dr Westphall-St Elsewhere), committed suicide.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0281130/)
1995        Feb 22, Bill Bailey (b.1909), a union activist and vice-president of SF dock Local 10, died. He was a veteran of the Lincoln and Washington battalions during the Spanish Civil War and a writer and actor in his later years  [see Jul 26, 1935]. The Telegraph Hill cottage in which he lived, ended up near a MUNI yard at Tulare and Indiana streets, where it became damaged beyond repair.
    (www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/SPbailey.htm)(SFC, 6/24/99, p.A19)(SSFC, 3/7/10, p.A2)
1995        Feb 22, Security forces in Algiers crushed a prison uprising by Islamic extremists, resulting in 96 deaths by official count.
    (AP, 2/22/00)
1995        Feb 22, France accused four American diplomats and a fifth U.S. citizen of spying, and asked them to leave the country.
    (AP, 2/22/00)

1996        Feb 22, President Clinton announced he would nominate Alan Greenspan to a third term as chairman of the Federal Reserve.
    (AP, 2/22/01)
1996        Feb 22, The space shuttle “Columbia" blasted into orbit on a mission to unreel a satellite on the end of a 12.8-mile cord.
    (AP, 2/22/01)
1996        Feb 22, An oil tanker was freed that ran aground last week after 19 million gallons were spilled off the coast of Wales.
    (WSJ, 2/22/96, p.A-1)
1996        Feb 22, A freight train derailed in the Colorado Rockies and killed two crew members. Two cars holding 27,000 gallons of sulfuric acid had broken open and some spilled down the mountain and onto a highway near Leadville.
    (WSJ, 2/22/96, p.A-1)
1996        Feb 22, An F-14 crashed in the Persian Gulf. It was the 3rd this month and the 32nd since 1991. The navy says that record is not alarmingly high but ordered the entire fleet grounded for 72 hours to check for any common threads.
    (WSJ, 2/23/96, p.A-1)
1996        Feb 22, Russia and the head of the International Monetary Fund reached a deal for a loan of more than ten billion dollars to back up free-market reforms.
    (AP, 2/22/01)

1997        Feb 22, The new welfare law in the US put tens of thousands of people off of food stamps as of today. The new law stated that adults under age 50 without children or jobs could only receive food stamps for 3 months in any 3-year period. The law authorized states to contract with private companies to provide welfare services.
    (SFC, 2/22/97, p.A12)(WSJ, 3/19/97, p.A1)(AP, 2/22/02)
1997        Feb 22, It was reported that the Clinton administration was seeking to have the former El Salvador rebel, Pedro Antonio Andrade, deported as a terrorist.
    (SFC, 2/22/97, p.A7)
1997        Feb 22, Albert Shanker, the leader of the American Federation of Teachers who championed public school reforms, died in New York at age 68.
    (AP, 2/22/02)

1998        Feb 22, Revival of "King & I," closed at Neil Simon Theater in NYC after 781 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=4673)
1998        Feb 22, In Chicago Louis Farrakhan, leader of the Nation of Islam, spoke before a crowd of 10,000 at McCormick Place. The speech capped a weekend celebration of the birth of founder W.D. Fard Muhammad. Farrakhan had recently completed a 37-nation world tour.
    (SFC, 2/23/98, p.A6)
1998        Feb 22, In Peoria, Ill., United Auto Workers rejected a new contract with Caterpillar Inc. The dispute was into its 6th year.
    (SFC, 2/23/98, p.A2)
1998        Feb 22, Abraham A. Ribicoff, the former Connecticut governor and senator who served as President Kennedy's secretary of Health, Education and Welfare, died in Riverdale, N.Y., at age 87.
    (SFC, 2/23/98, p.A5) (AP, 2/22/99)
1998        Feb 22, In Rio de Janeiro the Palace II, built by Sergio Naya, collapsed during Carnival and 8 people were crushed. The building was built by a construction company owned by federal deputy Sergio Naya of the Brazilian Progress Party.  Faulty construction was uncovered.
    (FT, 3/4/98, p.6)(SFC, 7/8/99, p.A17)(www.novomilenio.inf.br/humor/0105f002.htm)
1998        Feb 22, The Czech Republic defeated Russia 1-0 to win men's hockey as the Nagano Winter Olympics came to a close.
    (WSJ, 2/5/98, p.A20)(AP, 2/22/99)
1998        Feb 22, In Chechnya guerrilla leader Salman Raduyev announced a reconciliation with the Chechen leadership.
    (SFC, 2/23/98, p.A12)
1998        Feb 22, In India clashes during voting left 12 dead and over 40 injured across the country.
    (SFC, 2/23/98, p.A12)
1998        Feb 22, In Indonesia the government banned rallies until mid-March. Government troops last week killed 5 people and arrested 921 others during riots.
    (SFC, 2/23/98, p.A12)
1998        Feb 22, In Iraq UN Sec.-Gen’l. Kofi Annan managed to secure an agreement from Saddam Hussein to allow the inspection process to proceed.
    (SFC, 2/23/98, p.A1)
1998        Feb 22, In Sri Lanka rebel gunboats attacked a 12-ship convoy carrying soldiers to northern Sri Lanka. Up to 70 people were killed when 2 vessels were sunk. Rebel casualties were estimated at 30. At least 6 of the 25 rebel boats were destroyed.
    (SFC, 2/23/98, p.A12)

1999        Feb 22, In NYC Mayor Giuliani put into effect a plan that allowed police to seize the vehicles of drunken drivers.
    (SFEC, 2/20/99, p.A2)
1999        Feb 22, IBM planned to unveil a new microchip that included both logic functions and memory functions.
    (SFC, 2/22/99, p.B2)   
1999        Feb 22, Levi Strauss, falling victim to a fashion generation gap, announced that it would close 11 of 22 US plants and lay off 5,900 factory workers.
    (SFC, 2/23/99, p.A1)(AP, 2/22/00)
1999        Feb 22, The Pinkerton detective agency was sold to the Swedish company Securitas AB for $384 million.
    (SFC, 2/23/99, p.C4)
1999        Feb 22, In Austria it was reported that McDonald's had opened new experimental sites dubbed McCafe to compete with the local coffeehouses.
    (SFC, 2/22/99, p.A8)
1999        Feb 22, In Bangladesh strikes began during municipal elections and violence was widespread.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99, p.T14)
1999        Feb 22, In Brussels, Belgium, some 30,000 farmers rallied to demand that EU agricultural ministers shield them from farm subsidy cuts.
    (SFC, 2/23/99, p.A14)
1999        Feb 22, In Iraq security forces fought demonstrations for a 3rd day over the slaying of Muslim cleric Sadeq Sadr. There were unconfirmed reports that as many as 300 people were killed in the riots.
    (SFC, 2/23/99, p.A8)(WSJ, 2/23/99, p.A1)
1999        Feb 22, Governor elections in Quintana Roo were held to replace Gov. Mario Villanueva, whose term was scheduled to end Apr 5. Federal authorities wished to charge the governor with drug money laundering, but he was immune while holding office. His Swiss bank account was said to hold $73 million. The PRI won the statehouse with just over 43% of the vote. In Hidalgo the PRI took the governorship with a 50% of the vote. Joaquin Hendricks won the election in Quintana Roo.
    (SFEC, 2/21/99, p.A23)(SFC, 2/23/99, p.A14)(SFC, 4/1/99, p.C2)
1999        Feb 22, From Mexico it was reported that fisherman found 9 dead gray whales in the Magdalena Bay.
    (SFC, 2/22/99, p.A14)

2000        Feb 22, Sen. John McCain beat Gov. George W. Bush in the Michigan primary 50-43% and in the Arizona primary 60-30%.
    (SFC, 2/23/00, p.A1)
2000        Feb 22, Over 200 truckers gathered in Washington DC to protest high diesel prices.
    (SFC, 2/23/00, p.A3)
2000        Feb 22, The space shuttle Endeavour and its crew of 6 returned to Cape Canaveral with over a weeks worth of radar images to map Earth.
    (SFC, 2/23/00, p.A2)
2000        Feb 22, In Missouri Jake Robel (6) of Blue Springs was caught in a seat belt and dragged to death when Kim L. Davis (34) stole his mothers car.
    (SFC, 2/24/00, p.A7)
2000        Feb 22, In Jordan a 15-year-old boy strangled his sister (14) in a "crime of honor" because he considered her to have shamed his family. An autopsy revealed that the girl was a virgin.
    (SFC, 2/25/00, p.D4)
2000        Feb 22, Cyclone Eline hit Mozambique and 3 people were electrocuted in Beira from fallen power cables. Earlier torrential rains killed 67 people and displaced some 211,000.
    (SFC, 2/23/00, p.A10)(SFC, 2/23/00, p.A11)
2000        Feb 22, In Nepal police killed 19 Maoist rebels in the Midwestern mountains. The police operation followed days after guerrillas killed 15 policemen and injured another 16 in the bombing of a police station.
    (SFC, 2/24/00, p.A14)
2000        Feb 22, In Spain a car bomb killed Fernando Buesa, a Socialist Party leader in Vitoria, and his bodyguard Jorge Diez Elorza (27).
    (SFC, 2/23/00, p.A14)

2001        Feb 22, President Bush held his first full-fledged presidential news conference, in which he defended his tax-cutting and budget-tightening plans and gave FBI director Louis Freeh a vote of confidence following the arrest of veteran agent Robert Hanssen on spying charges.
    (AP, 2/22/02)
2001        Feb 22, The California state PUC voted to absolve PG&E and Southern California Edison of responsibility for costs above the revenue they collect from ratepayers.
    (SFC, 2/23/01, p.A3)
2001        Feb 22, Jose Juarez Rosales (24) was arrested in Dallas for alleged multiple sexual assaults and murders in Ciudad Juarez.
    (SFC, 2/23/01, p.A17)
2001        Feb 22, Ashley Ellerin (22), former girlfriend of actor Ashton Kutcher, was found dead in her Hollywood Hills home. In 2008  police matched DNA linking Michael Gargiulo (32), an air conditioning repairman, to her murder and to another fatal stabbing of a Monterey Park woman in 2005. They also suspect Gargiulo in the 1993 killing of a high school girl in the Chicago suburb of Glenview, where Gargiulo lived at the time. Tricia Pacaccio, a senior at Glenbrook South High School, was found stabbed to death on her front doorstep, clutching her door key.
    (AP, 8/30/08)(www.lapdonline.org/february_2001/news_view/23272)
2001        Feb 22, In Indonesia security forces fought to disperse crowds in Sampit as ethnic clashes in Central Kalimantan province of Borneo left over 100 dead.
    (SFC, 2/23/01, p.A16)
2001        Feb 22, A UN tribunal on Yugoslav War Crimes found 3 Bosnian Serbs guilty of crimes against humanity for the rape, torture and enslavement of Muslim women in Foca between 1992-1993. The landmark case established rape and sexual enslavement as a crime against humanity. They were sentenced to 28, 20 and 12 years, respectively.
    (SFC, 2/23/01, p.A1)(AP, 11/1/07)
2001        Feb 22, India extended a Kashmir cease-fire.
    (WSJ, 2/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 22, Pakistan said it may put nuclear missiles on its submarines. It recently acquired 3 submarines from France.
    (SFC, 2/23/01, p.A20)
2001        Feb 22, In Spain 2 people were killed when suspected Basque separatists bombed a train station in San Sebastian. Separately French police arrested the alleged ETA military chief.
    (WSJ, 2/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Feb 22, In Sri Lanka rebels extended a unilateral cease-fire and said they wanted peace talks.
    (SFC, 2/23/01, p.A20)
2001        Feb 22, A financial crises in Turkey forced the government to let the lira float and it dropped 40% to 960,000 to the US dollar. By the end of the year the economy sank 9.4%.
    (SFC, 2/23/01, p.D4)(WSJ, 2/23/01, p.A11)(WSJ, 4/2/03, p.A14)

2002        Feb 22, An Alabama jury found Monsanto and its corporate successors (Solutia Inc.) guilty of releasing tons of PCBs in Anniston between 1935-1979. In 2004 some 18,447 plaintiffs were scheduled to an average of $7,725, while 27 lawyers were scheduled to receive over $4 million each.
    (SFC, 2/23/02, p.A7)(SFC, 3/24/04, p.A5)
2002        Feb 22, The California state Supreme Court struck down the “Son of Sam" law that required felons to turn over profits from books and movies to their victims.
    (SFC, 2/22/02, p.A1)
2002        Feb 22, Police in San Diego arrested David Westerfield in connection with the disappearance of 7-year-old Danielle van Dam. Westerfield was later sentenced to death for Danielle's murder.
    (AP, 2/22/07)
2002        Feb 22, A New Jersey teenager (16) was arrested for killing 6 people in a 2-day shooting spree on the outskirts of Philadelphia that began Feb 4.
    (SSFC, 2/24/02, p.A1)
2002        Feb 22, Chuck Jones, cartoon animator, died at age 89. His work included Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck and Road Runner. His books included “Chuck Amuck" (1989).
    (SFC, 2/23/02, p.A2)(SFC, 2/27/02, p.D2)(WSJ, 3/1/02, p.A14)(WSJ, 11/12/05, p.P14)
2002        Feb 22, In Angola government troops reportedly killed UNITA rebel leader Jonas Savimbi (67) in Moxico province.
    (SFC, 2/23/02, p.A1)
2002        Feb 22, Colombia began to airlift some 34,000 soldiers of the elite Rapid Deployment Force into San Vicente del Caguan, the largest town in the FARC territory.
    (SFC, 2/23/02, p.A9)(SSFC, 2/24/02, p.A18)
2002        Feb 22, Madagascar declared a 3-month state of emergency after the main opposition leader, Marc Ravalomanana, declared himself president following a 2-month dispute.
    (SFC, 2/23/02, p.A11)
2002        Feb 22, In Nepal rebels attacked a police post and killed at least 32 officers. They killed 5 bus passengers in a separate attack. The army said 10 rebels were killed in other fighting. Rebels called a 2-day nationwide general strike.
    (SFC, 2/23/02, p.A12)(SSFC, 2/24/02, p.A20)
2002        Feb 22, In Russia an AN-26 military cargo plane crashed in Lakhta and 17 people were killed.
    (SFC, 2/23/02, p.A12)
2002        Feb 22, Pakistan complained over the US sale to India of surveillance radar, the AN/TPQ-36 Firefinder system.
    (SFC, 2/23/02, p.A14)
2002        Feb 22, Sri Lanka and Tamil Tiger rebels signed a Norwegian long-term cease-fire plan. The death toll stood at more than 65,000 when the cease-fire was signed.
    (SFC, 2/23/02, p.A9)(AP, 7/3/06)

2003        Feb 22, Pres. Bush told Spain’s PM Aznar that nations like Mexico, Angola, Chile and Cameroon must know that the security of the United States is at stake. Bush threatened nations with retaliation if they did not vote for a UN resolution backing the Iraq war. A transcript of a meeting on this day, one month before the US-led invasion of Iraq, was published in the El Pais daily in 2007.
    (AFP, 9/26/07)
2003        Feb 22, Jesica Santillan, the teenager who'd survived a botched heart-lung transplant long enough to get a second set of donated organs, died two days after the second transplant at Duke University Medical Center in North Carolina.
    (AP, 2/22/04)
2003          Feb 22, In northern Afghanistan at least six civilians were killed when factional fighting broke out between 2 rival warlords in Faryab province.
    (AP, 2/23/03)
2003          Feb 22, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Turkmenistan invited India to join their $3.2-billion natural gas pipeline project, indicating the plan would not be economically viable without New Delhi's participation.
    (AP, 2/22/03)
2003          Feb 22, Israeli troops opened fire on a crowd in Nablus after clashes erupted while soldiers were searching door to door for militants. 2 Palestinians were killed in the gunfire.
    (AP, 2/22/03)
2003          Feb 22, In Rome, Italy, some 2,000 cat lovers marched in the city's 1st Cat Pride march and demanded protection for the many, local stray cats.
    (SSFC, 2/23/03, A2)
2003          Feb 22, In southern Pakistan gunmen opened fire inside a Shiite mosque, killing at least 9 worshippers and injuring at least 10 others.
    (AP, 2/22/03)(SSFC, 2/23/03, A17)

2004        Feb 22, The final TV episode of "Sex and the City" aired after a 6-season run.
    (SFC, 2/23/04, p.A2)
2004        Feb 22, Ralph Nader announced that he would run for the US presidency.
    (SFC, 2/23/04, p.A1)
2004        Feb 22, In San Jose, Ca., Ranbir Singh (43) opened fire a group of Sikh men playing cards and killed 3. Singh was killed after the group turned on him.
    (SFC, 2/23/04, p.A1)(SFC, 2/24/04, p.A15)
2004        Feb 22, US and British special forces reportedly had cornered Al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden in a mountainous area in northwest Pakistan, near the Afghanistan border.
    (AP, 2/22/04)
2004        Feb 22, In Angola a tanker truck carrying gasoline exploded near the capital of Luanda, killing 18 people and injuring 87.
    (AP, 2/23/04)
2004        Feb 22, At least 66 people died in weekend clashes among Colombian troops, leftist rebels and right-wing paramilitary forces.
    (AP, 2/23/04)
2004        Feb 22, In southeast Congo a militia led by a commander named "Cut-Throat" massacred more than 100 civilians and soldiers.
    (AP, 2/24/04)
2004        Feb 22, Giorgio Armani signed a $1 billion hotel venture with Dubai’s Emaar Properties.
    (Econ, 2/28/04, p.61)
2004        Feb 22, In Haiti rebels attacked the government's last major stronghold in the north, Cap-Haitien, and witnesses reported hearing gunfire on the outskirts of the city.
    (AP, 2/22/04)
2004        Feb 22, In Iran hard-line Islamic candidates appeared likely to take control in the liberal stronghold of Tehran and held a wide lead nationwide after parliamentary elections from which hundreds of liberal candidates were barred.
    (AP, 2/22/04)
2004        Feb 22,  Gunmen attacked Iraqi police in two northern Iraqi cities, sparking clashes that killed two attackers. Meanwhile, jailed former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein wrote a letter to his family for the international Red Cross to deliver.
    (AP, 2/22/04)
2004        Feb 22, In Israel a suicide bomber blew himself up on a crowded Jerusalem bus, killing eight people and wounding 59.
    (AP, 2/22/04)
2004        Feb 22, Japanese authorities confirmed the nation's 10th case of mad cow disease since the first sick animal was discovered in September 2001.
    (AP, 2/22/04)
2004        Feb 22, In Nepal a land mine exploded beneath a bus carrying Nepalese soldiers, killing three people and injuring 15 others.
    (AP, 2/22/04)
2004        Feb 22, An Islamic state in Nigeria that is at the heart of a spreading Africa polio outbreak declared it would not relent on its boycott of a mass vaccination program which it called a U.S. plot to spread AIDS and infertility among Muslims.
    (AP, 2/22/04)

2005        Feb 22, A Virginia man was charged with plotting with al-Qaida to kill President Bush. Ahmed Omar Abu Ali was convicted on all counts in November 2005.
    (AP, 2/22/06)
2005        Feb 22, The DJIA fell 174 points to 10,611 as oil prices soared to $51.15 per barrel. The Euro closed up at $1.326.
    (SFC, 2/23/05, p.C1)
2005        Feb 22, Supermarket giant Winn-Dixie Stores Inc., which has struggled to compete with Wal-Mart Supercenters and other grocery chains, said it has filed for bankruptcy reorganization.
    (AP, 2/22/05)
2005        Feb 22, Researchers at Texas Tech Univ. reported that the rocket fuel perchlorate has been found in women’s breast milk at 5 times the average level found in dairy milk.
    (SFC, 2/23/05, p.A6)
2005        Feb 22, PM John Howard said Australia will send an extra 450 troops to Iraq to help protect a Japanese humanitarian mission and bolster the country's transition to democracy.
    (AP, 2/22/05)
2005        Feb 22, In Belgium a Nato summit announced a 12-year program to destroy Soviet-era weapons in Ukraine. Ukraine’s Pres. Viktor Yushchenko attended.
    (WSJ, 2/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 22, Britain said it will impose new penalties on Sinn Fein, the Irish Republican Army-linked party, as punishment for the IRA's alleged robbery of a Belfast bank.
    (AP, 2/22/05)
2005        Feb 22, Buckingham Palace said Queen Elizabeth III would not attend the civil marriage ceremony of her son Prince Charles and Camilla Parker Bowles, but that her absence should not be interpreted as a snub.
    (AP, 2/22/06)
2005        Feb 22, In Colombia government soldiers killed eight rebels over the past 2 days and discovered a large cache of weapons in dense southern jungles.
    (AP, 2/22/05)
2005        Feb 22, A US human rights advocacy group said the Egyptian government had shown a "shameless" lack of accountability by failing to name the 2,400 people it had detained for the Oct 7 Sinai terror attacks. Relatives were not told where they are held.
    (AP, 2/22/05)(WSJ, 2/23/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 22, The EU intends to end its ban on arms sales to China, French Pres. Jacques Chirac said after talks with Pres. Bush, who highlighted Washington's security concerns.
    (AP, 2/22/05)
2005        Feb 22, In Indonesia Aceh separatists announced they are ready to accept increased autonomy rather than independence.
    (WSJ, 2/23/05, p.A1)
2005        Feb 22, In central Iran’s Kerman province a 6.4 earthquake flattened villages and collapsed mud-brick homes, killing over 500 people and injuring nearly 1,000.
    (AP, 2/23/05)(SFC, 2/24/05, p.A11)
2005        Feb 22, Interim Iraqi Vice President Ibrahim al-Jaafari was chosen as his Shiite ticket's candidate for prime minister after Ahmad Chalabi dropped his bid.
    (AP, 2/22/05)
2005        Feb 22, Montenegro's President Filip Vujanovic and PM Milo Djukanovic proposed the peaceful disintegration of Serbia-Montenegro, suggesting that the two former Yugoslav republics recognize each other as sovereign states.
    (AP, 2/23/05)
2005        Feb 22, It was reported that Norway finished 2004 with the world’s best performing equities market, based on nominal return on equity investment in dollar terms.
    (WSJ, 2/22/05, p.C20)
2005        Feb 22, Palestinian Prime Minister Ahmed Qureia promised a drastic overhaul of his Cabinet, signaling the start of long-sought reform.
    (AP, 2/22/05)
2005        Feb 22, Zdzislaw Beksinski, a surrealist painter who was one of Poland's leading contemporary artists, was found stabbed to death at his Warsaw home.
    (AP, 2/22/05)

2006        Feb 22, South Dakota’s Senate advanced a law banning abortion in virtually all cases, with the intention of forcing the Supreme Court to reconsider its 1973 decision legalizing the procedure. The law, which would punish doctors who perform the operation with a five-year prison term and a $5,000 fine, awaits the signature of Republican Gov. Michael Rounds and people on both sides of the issue say he is unlikely to veto it.
    (Reuters, 2/22/06)(WSJ, 2/23/06, p.A1)
2006        Feb 22, In Lincoln, Nebraska, 8 workers at a meat processing plant claimed the record $365 million Powerball jackpot.
    (AP, 2/22/06)
2006        Feb 22, A Rhode Island jury found 3 companies, Sherwin-Williams, NL Industries and Millennium Holdings, liable for creating a public nuisance by selling lead paint decades ago, and that the companies should pay to clean it up from homes and buildings in the state.
    (WSJ, 2/23/06, p.D7)
2006        Feb 22-2006 Feb 25, The annual Technology Entertainment Design (TED) conference took place in Monterey, Ca., with over 900 participants.
    (SSFC, 2/26/06, p.A1)
2006        Feb 22, In northern Afghanistan a bomb exploded near a NATO peacekeeping convoy, killing one Afghan civilian and wounding 12 people.
    (AP, 2/22/06)
2006        Feb 22, Former US President Bill Clinton and Australia announced plans to combat AIDS in China, Vietnam and Papua New Guinea, warning that 40 percent of all new infections could be in the Asia-Pacific region by 2010.
    (AP, 2/22/06)
2006        Feb 22, In England thieves impersonated police officers and robbed the equivalent of up to $85 million from Securitas Cash Management Ltd., a cash center at Tonbridge in Kent county, in one of the largest heists in British history. In 2008 five men were convicted over country's biggest cash robbery, which saw some 53 million pounds stolen in southeast England. In 2009 Paul Allen (31) was sentenced to 18 years in prison for his role in the robbery. Allen had fled to Morocco after the robbery and was extradited last year. In 2010 Ibrahim Lee Murray (32), believed to be the mastermind of the robbery, was sentenced in Morocco to 10 years in jail on various charges including membership of a criminal gang, theft with an armed weapon, wearing an illegal uniform and kidnapping.
    (Reuters, 2/23/06)(AP, 2/27/06)(AP, 1/28/08)(AP, 10/5/09)(AP, 6/3/10)
2006        Feb 22, Bulgaria's parliament endorsed a government decision to send a 120-member non-combat unit to Iraq.
    (AP, 2/22/06)
2006        Feb 22, In China Yu Dongyue, a man who was jailed for throwing paint on Mao Zedong's portrait overlooking Beijing's Tiananmen Square during pro-democracy protests in 1989, was released after nearly 17 years in prison.
    (AP, 2/24/06)
2006        Feb 22, Wu Hao, Chinese filmmaker, was detained for allegedly working on a documentary film on Christian churches not recognized by the Chinese government. Wu had returned to China in 2004 after 12 years in the US. He was released on July 11.
    (WSJ, 7/3/06, p.A1)(AP, 7/11/06)
2006        Feb 22, In Costa Rica results from the Feb 5 elections indicated that Oscar Arias, a free trade proponent, had won Costa Rica's presidential election by 18,167 votes, one of the country's closest races ever.
    (AP, 2/22/06)(WSJ, 2/23/06, p.A1)
2006        Feb 22, In Ecuador 2 dozen pipeline workers held hostage by protesters escaped as soldiers and police battled to end violent demonstrations that have interrupted the flow of crude through the country's two main pipelines.
    (AP, 2/22/06)
2006        Feb 22, Imprisoned Egyptian opposition leader Ayman Nour asked US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice to look into whether Egypt can benefit from a US offer to help developing countries develop nuclear energy.
    (AP, 2/22/06)
2006        Feb 22, Michaela Giersberg, a nursing assistant, was convicted in Bonn, Germany, of killing 9 women she had been caring for from 2003-2005. She was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 2/22/06)
2006        Feb 22, Indonesia said a 27-year-old woman died of bird flu earlier in the week in Jakarta and authorities prepared to scour the capital for infected poultry.
    (AP, 2/22/06)
2006        Feb 22, In Indonesia's Papua province production at the world's largest gold and copper mine, run by a local unit of New Orleans-based Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc, was suspended after illegal miners blocked the road leading to the site.
    (AP, 2/22/06)
2006        Feb 22, Iran offered to help finance a Palestinian Authority run by the Hamas militant group, state radio said in a report that brought a quick warning from Israel that it would do all it could legally to stop the Palestinians from receiving the money.
    (AP, 2/22/06)
2006        Feb 22, In Iraq suspected Sunni extremists dressed as police set off a large explosion that heavily damaged the golden dome of the Askariya shrine in Samarra, one of Iraq's most famous Shiite shrines. The attack spawned mass protests and triggered reprisal attacks against Sunni mosques. The shrine contains the tombs of the 10th and 11th imams, Ali al-Hadi, who died in 868 A.D., and his son Hassan al-Askari, who died in 874 A.D. and was the father of Al-Mahdi, the hidden imam. Atwar Bahjat, a well-known Iraqi TV journalist, was abducted while covering the bombing. In 2009 police arrested Yasser Mohammad al-Takhy in southwest Baghdad along with three others for the rape and murder of Bahjat. In 2011 Yusri Fakhir, a Tunisian man, was convicted and executed for the bombing of the Askariya shrine.  
    (AP, 2/22/06)(WSJ, 2/23/06, p.A1)(AP, 8/5/09)(AP, 11/17/11)
2006        Feb 22, In Iraq 7 US soldiers were killed by a roadside bombs in Hawija north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/23/06)(SFC, 2/24/06, p.A1)
2006        Feb 22, A Tokyo court convicted and sentenced Fusako Shigenobu (60), a founder of the Japanese Red Army terrorist group, to 20 years in prison for kidnapping and attempted murder in a 1974 attack on the French Embassy in the Hague.
    (AP, 2/23/06)
2006        Feb 22, Kazakhstan's intelligence chief resigned after several of his subordinates were arrested on suspicion of involvement in the slaying of an opposition leader. Erzhan Utembaev, the top administrative official of the Senate, was arrested for ordering the murder of opposition leader Altynbek Sarsenbayev.
    (AP, 2/22/06)(Econ, 3/4/06, p.40)
2006        Feb 22, In Nepal police raided the house of Krishna Sitaula, a senior opposition leader instrumental in organizing anti-government protests, and arrested him two days after he was freed by the Supreme Court on similar charges.
    (AP, 2/22/06)
2006        Feb 22, In Nigeria at least 20 people, mostly Muslims, were killed in the eastern Nigerian city of Onitsha. Gangs of rioters armed with machetes and shotguns poured through the streets of the mainly Christian southern city as the death toll from days of Christian-Muslim violence across Nigeria rose to at least 93.
    (AP, 2/22/06)(Reuters, 2/22/06)(SFC, 2/23/06, p.A13)
2006        Feb 22, In the Philippines thousands of activists seeking President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo's ouster clashed with riot police in Manila as they tried to march to a monument to the 1986 "people power" revolt.
    (AP, 2/22/06)
2006        Feb 22, Serb security officials insisted that top war crimes fugitive Gen. Ratko Mladic had been located and that authorities were trying to persuade him to give himself up.
    (AP, 2/22/06)
2006        Feb 22, Spanish PM Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero expressed reticence about a takeover bid for leading domestic electricity group Endesa by E.ON of Germany, saying national interest was paramount. In July Spain’s energy regulator (CNE) imposed 19 conditions on the bid for Endesa. On Aug 25 EU regulators warned that government restrictions on E.ON’s bid were illegal.
    (AP, 2/22/06)(Econ, 9/2/06, p.58)
2006        Feb 22, A secret list compiled for the UN Security council said Sudan's interior and defense ministers and its national intelligence chief are among 17 people the UN Security Council should punish for blocking peace in Darfur.
    (Reuters, 2/22/06)
2006        Feb 22, Pope Benedict XVI named 15 new cardinals, including John Paul II's longtime private secretary and prelates from Boston and Hong Kong, adding his first installment to the elite group of churchmen who will elect his successor.
    (AP, 2/22/06)

2007        Feb 22, The Bush administration announced its plan to have US inspectors oversee Mexican trucking companies that carry cargo across the border.  Mexico responded to the US announcement by saying it will allow trucks from 100 US companies to travel across the border. The news that Mexican trucks will be allowed to haul freight deeper into the US drew an angry reaction the next day from labor leaders, safety advocates and members of Congress.
    (AP, 2/23/07)
2007        Feb 22, The US General Accountability Office said it will cost at least $ 12 billion to clean up contamination from tens of thousands of gasoline storage tanks that were leaking underground.
    (SFC, 2/23/07, p.A9)
2007        Feb 22, A US federal judge ordered Microsoft to pay $1.52 billion to Alcatel-Lucent SA for infringing a patent on a fundamental technology for digital music.
    (WSJ, 2/23/07, p.A3)
2007        Feb 22, Tongsun Park (71), a South Korean businessman, was sentenced in NY to 5 years in prison for accepting at least $2 million to work on Iraq’s behalf to influence the UN oil-for-food program.
    (SFC, 2/23/07, p.A3)
2007        Feb 22, Police clashed with demonstrators protesting the visit of Vice President Dick Cheney hours before he arrived in Australia to thank one of Washington's staunchest supporters in the increasingly unpopular war in Iraq.
    (AP, 2/22/07)
2007        Feb 22, Female tennis stars hailed an announcement that women would receive the same prize money as men at this year's Wimbledon tennis championships after years of dogged campaigning.
    (AFP, 2/22/07)
2007        Feb 22, Britain's Ministry of Defense announced that Prince Harry, a second lieutenant in the British army, would be deployed to Iraq. Officials later reversed the decision because of insurgent threats.
    (AP, 2/22/08)
2007        Feb 22, In Colombia Jorge Noguera, a former director of the secret police under President Alvaro Uribe, was arrested and charged in connection with the murders of labor leaders and academics while collaborating with far-right militias responsible for some of Colombia's worst massacres. In Cali, Colombia, confused hit men on the lookout for two men in a white sedan gun down the wrong people. Then they spot their intended targets, in the same traffic jam 20 yards away. And killed them, too. It was all caught on a traffic camera.
    (AP, 2/23/07)(AP, 2/24/07)
2007        Feb 22, Estonia's president vetoed legislation calling for the removal of a Soviet war memorial, averting at least temporarily a confrontation with Russia. Estonia chose Baltic herring over the pike in a government-sponsored contest to find a fish suitable to join the blue, black and white flag, the blue cornflower, limestone, and chimney swallow as national symbols.
    (AP, 2/22/07)(http://tinyurl.com/2l7acu)
2007        Feb 22, Abdel Kareem Nabil (22), an Egyptian blogger arrested in 2006, was convicted of insulting Islam and President Hosni Mubarak and sentenced to four years in prison in Egypt's first prosecution of a blogger. Nabil was convicted for calling Islam a brutal religion in a piece he wrote in 2005 after Muslim worshippers attacked a Coptic Christian church in Alexandria. In 2009 an Appeals court upheld his 4-year sentence. Nabil, aka Kareem Amer, was released on Nov 5, 2010, and then re-arrested, held for 11 days and beaten.
    (AP, 2/22/07)(AP, 12/22/09)(AP, 11/17/10)(Reuters, 11/24/10)
2007        Feb 22, Gambia expelled Fadzai Gwaradzimba, the UN chief representative in the country, after she expressed doubts over President Yahya Jammeh's claims to cure AIDS. Jammeh had claimed to have mystical powers and herbs to treat HIV/AIDS and asthma within three days.
    (www.aegis.com/news/afp/2007/AF070285.html)(Econ, 4/28/07, p.54)
2007        Feb 22, Lothar-Guenther Buchheim (89), the German author and art collector best known for his 1973 autobiographical novel, "Das Boot," died. In 1981, the book was turned into an acclaimed German film starring Juergen Prochnow that detailed the hopelessness of war and its effect on sailors living in the cramped confines of their submarine.
    (AP, 2/23/07)
2007        Feb 22, In Guatemala a top police official and three other officers were arrested in the killings of three Central American Parliament members, including the son of the alleged founder of El Salvador's death squads.
    (AP, 2/23/07)
2007        Feb 22, A fire broke out on an Indonesian ferry carrying 300 passengers. The number of dead, soon climbed to 49. Scores of passengers jumped into the sea and 120 people remained missing.
    (AFP, 2/23/07)(AP, 2/26/07)
2007        Feb 22, The UN nuclear watchdog agency said Iran had ignored a Security Council ultimatum to freeze uranium enrichment, and instead had expanded its program by setting up hundreds of centrifuges.
    (AP, 2/22/08)
2007        Feb 22, An official said 4 Iraqi soldiers have been accused of raping a 50-year-old Sunni woman on Feb 8 and the attempted rape of her two daughters in the second allegation of sexual assault leveled against Iraqi forces this week. Issa Abdul-Razzaq Ahmed (22), a suspected al-Qaida-linked insurgent leader accused of financing attacks and recruiting fighters, was captured in southern Iraq. 3 US soldiers were killed in combat in Anbar province.
    (AP, 2/22/07)(AP, 2/23/07)
2007        Feb 22, The Israeli daily Haaretz reported that Syria has embarked on an "unprecedented" effort to bolster its armed forces with Iranian and Russian help.
    (AP, 2/22/07)
2007        Feb 22, A court ordered Malaysia's government to pay a 69-year-old British man $857,000 for seizing his passport and preventing him from leaving the country in Dec, 1981.
    (AP, 2/23/07)
2007        Feb 22, In Mozambique roofs were blown off, trees uprooted and power lines cut by the force of a tropical cyclone which slammed into coastal regions. The storm killed four people and injured at least 70 in the resort town of Vilanculos, where thousands of homes were destroyed along with the hospital and power grid.
    (AFP, 2/22/07)(Reuters, 2/23/07)
2007        Feb 22, Russia’s government approved a five-year financing plan aimed to decrease mortality from diseases including diabetes, tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS and cancer. The news came as the state statistics agency said Russia's population dropped by more than 560,000 last year to 142.2 million, a new post-Soviet low.
    (AP, 2/22/07)
2007        Feb 22, Sam Hinga Norman (67), a former government minister on trial for allegedly overseeing a militia accused of torturing and mutilating civilians during Sierra Leone's 1991-2002 civil war, died at a Senegalese hospital.
    (AP, 2/23/07)
2007        Feb 22, Extremists in Somalia threatened to carry out suicide attacks against African Union peacekeepers who are to begin deploying in the coming days.
    (AP, 2/22/07)
2007        Feb 22, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to extend the UN mission in East Timor for a year and beef up the international police force ahead of upcoming elections.
    (AP, 2/22/07)

2008        Feb 22, Arizona Republican Rep. Rick Renzi was indicted on charges of extortion, wire fraud, money laundering and other matters in an Arizona land swap scam that allegedly helped him collect hundreds of thousands of dollars in payoffs.
    (AP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 22, John Heath (81) was sentenced In Los Angeles to 28 years in prison in an investment scam that prosecutors say seeped across half the country and bilked 1,800 people, many of them elderly, of about $190 million.
    (AP, 2/23/08)
2008        Feb 22, In Texas 3 British bankers were sentenced to just over three years in prison for their roles in a fraudulent scheme with former Enron Chief Financial Officer Andrew Fastow, and they're hoping to serve some of that time back home.
    (AP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 22, The US FDA granted accelerated market approval for Genentech’s drug Avastin to treat advanced breast cancer. The drug cost was bout $7,700 per month. Avastin was already approved for colorectal and lung cancer.
    (WSJ, 2/23/08, p.A3)
2008        Feb 22, Canadian Foreign Minister Maxime Bernier pledged $555 million in fresh aid to Haiti, as he wrapped up a three-day visit to the impoverished Caribbean nation.
    (Reuters, 2/23/08)
2008        Feb 22, In China 4 men pleaded guilty in a Yunnan court to producing bogus receipts valued at $147 billion. The scam operated in 9 provinces. In 2007 almost 3,000 cases of printing fake receipts were uncovered.
    (Econ, 3/1/08, p.70)
2008        Feb 22, The European Space Agency (ESA) said on Ulysses, a US-European space scout that has been orbiting the Sun for 17 years, almost four times its expected lifetime, is on the brink of dying.
    (AP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 22, The German finance ministry threatened to tax all financial transfers to Liechtenstein unless the Alpine principality relaxed its banking secrecy codes and helped trace tax evaders.
    (AFP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 22, An angry mob in Guatemala, that took 29 policemen hostage a day earlier, released the officers in exchange for talks with the government on legalizing their lands and possibly dropping charges against a jailed farm leader.
    (AP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 22, Muqtada al-Sadr announced that he has extended a cease-fire order to his Shiite Mahdi Army by another six months. A bomb hidden under a horse-drawn cart exploded in downtown Baghdad, killing three civilians. 2 policemen died when a booby-trapped car exploded in Tikrit.
    (AP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 22, In New Zealand a key conference on cluster bombs ended in Wellington with most of the 122 governments represented backing a draft treaty banning the deadly weapons.
    (AFP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 22, North Korea opened its main nuclear reactor to foreign media for the first time in a bid to show that it is complying with a disarmament accord to disable the facility.
    (AP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 22, In Pakistan roadside bomb exploded as a wedding party was passing nearby in the volatile northwest, killing at least 10 people and wounding four others.
    (AP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 22, Majed Barghouti (44), a Hamas preacher, died in the custody of the Palestinian intelligence service. The next day his family alleged that he had been tortured by interrogators from the rival Fatah faction.
    (AP, 2/23/08)
2008        Feb 22, Serbs protesting Kosovo's independence for a fifth straight day Friday attacked UN police guarding a key bridge in northern Kosovo with stones, glass bottles and firecrackers.
    (AP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 22, South Africa and India agreed to allow businessmen traveling between the two countries multiple entry visas, as part of several agreements signed in Pretoria.
    (AFP, 2/22/08)
2008        Feb 22, In Sri Lanka clashes broke out in at least six locations in northern Jaffna, Mannar, Vavuniya districts and Welioya, leaving 31 rebels and one soldier dead.
    (AP, 2/23/08)
2008        Feb 22, In Tunisia 2 Austrian tourists were kidnapped. Al-Qaida in Islamic North Africa later claimed responsibility and warned western tourists to stay away. The 2 tourists were released on October 31.
    (AFP, 3/11/08)(WSJ, 3/11/08, p.A1)(AP, 10/31/08)

2009        Feb 22, The film "Slumdog Millionaire," a tale of hope amid adversity and squalor in Mumbai, came away with 8 Oscars, including best picture and director for Danny Boyle. Sean Penn won his second best-actor Oscar, this one for playing slain gay-rights pioneer Harvey Milk in "Milk," while Kate Winslet took best actress for "The Reader," in which she plays a former concentration camp guard. Heath Ledger (d.2008) won as best supporting actor in “The Dark Knight"; Penelope Cruz won as best supporting actress for “Vicky Cristina Barcelona."
    (AP, 2/23/09)(SFC, 2/23/09, p.A1)
2009        Feb 22, Mississippi Gov. Barbour said he would join Louisiana Gov. Jindal in turning down federal incentives to expand unemployment insurance coverage.
    (WSJ, 2/23/09, p.A1)
2009        Feb 22, In eastern Algeria 9 members of a private security firm were killed when Islamist militants attacked their base near Jijel.
    (AFP, 2/23/09)
2009        Feb 22, In Brazil bubbles, feathers and glitter swirled on the first night of parades in Rio's Carnival, as the city's samba schools battled it out for top honors in what many bill as the world's largest party.
    (AP, 2/23/09)
2009        Feb 22, In Brisbane, Australia, Father Peter Kennedy (71), a rebel Catholic priest who was sacked for blessing gay couples and allowing women to preach, defied his archbishop and led mass.
    (AFP, 2/22/09)
2009        Feb 22, In northern China a gas explosion ripped through a coal mine outside Taiyuan, capital of the main coal-producing province of Shanxi, killing at least 77 miners and trapping dozens in the deadliest Chinese coal mine accident in more than a year.
    (AFP, 2/22/09)(AP, 2/25/09)
2009        Feb 22, In Egypt a group of French teenagers on a school trip was hit hard by a bombing at Cairo’s famed 14th century Khan al-Khalili bazaar. The attack killed a 17-year-old French girl and wounded another 24 people: 17 French, three Saudis, three Egyptians and a German. Egyptian police soon arrested three suspects. On May 23 Egyptian authorities said they had arrested seven people for being part of an al-Qaida linked group accused of carrying out the attack. They included two Palestinians, two Egyptians, a British-Egyptian, a Belgian-Tunisian and a French-Albanian woman, some of whom had entered Egypt as students.
    (AP, 2/23/09)(AP, 5/23/09)
2009        Feb 22, The bodies of four people were found in a smuggling tunnel under the Gaza-Egypt border, a day after another body was discovered in the area. Border officials said about 1,000 university students and holders of foreign residency permits were eligible to cross, and by mid-afternoon, about 600 people had made the trip.
    (AP, 2/22/09)
2009        Feb 22, The heads of Europe's largest economies agreed on the need for greater regulation of financial markets and of products such as hedge funds, as they met in Berlin to hammer out a joint European position for the G20 meeting in London on April 2.
    (AFP, 2/22/09)
2009        Feb 22, In Greece Vassilis Palaiokostas (44) and his Albanian accomplice Alket Rizaj staged a 2nd getaway by helicopter. Palaiokostas was serving a sentence for robbery and kidnapping when he first escaped with Rizaj in 2006 in a helicopter. On Nov 16 Alket Rizaj was arrested with a female companion at an isolated house near the town of Marathon.
    (AP, 2/23/09)(AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Feb 22, Iran's official news agency says the country's first nuclear power plant will begin preliminary phase operation on Feb 25 after a series of delays.
    (AP, 2/22/09)(SFC, 2/23/09, p.A2)
2009        Feb 22, A military official said Iraqi authorities have issued an arrest warrant for a Sunni lawmaker accused of masterminding a series of high-profile attacks, including mortar strikes on the Green Zone and a 2007 suicide bombing inside the parliament building. Lawmaker Mohammed al-Dayni denied the allegations.
    (AP, 2/22/09)
2009        Feb 22, In Mexico gunmen in Chihuahua city shot at a convoy carrying the governor of Chihuahua, a violence-wracked border state, killing one of his bodyguards and wounding two other agents. Police arrested two suspects March 31 in the northern city of Chihuahua, who then led them to 2 more suspects.
    (AP, 2/24/09)(AP, 4/5/09)
2009        Feb 22, In Pakistan a top official said the local government the North West Frontier Province will distribute 30,000 rifles to villagers to help security forces fight the growing strength of Taliban and al-Qaida militants.
    (AP, 2/22/09)
2009        Feb 22, Gunmen in northern Somalia kidnapped a Pakistani. Al-Shabab insurgents claimed to have carried out a suicide attack on an African Union peacekeeping base in Mogadishu. 11 Burundi peacekeepers in Somalia were killed and another 20 injured in a suicide attack by a Somali contractor who delivered supplies and had easy access to the base.
    (AP, 2/22/09)(AP, 2/23/09)
2009        Feb 22, In Turkey Aydin Dogan (72), chairman of Dogan Sirketler Grubu Holdings AS, a conglomerate that controls 7 newspapers, 28 magazines and 3 Turkish television channels as well as energy interests, accused PM Erdogan of seeking to muzzle criticism. Dogan was recently hit with a corporate tax bill of around $500 million. Most of the bill centered on the 2007 sale of a stake in Dogan to Germany’s Axel Springer AG. Dogan was forced to shrink his empire and dump some critics of pres. Erdogan before pressure on him ceased.
    (WSJ, 2/23/09, p.A9)(Econ, 4/6/13, p.62)
2009        Feb 22, The United Arab Emirates said it will spend $10 billion to bail out Dubai, whose huge construction and financial sector expansion plans slowed under the world wide downturn.
    (WSJ, 2/23/09, p.A1)

2010        Feb 22, Pres. Barack Obama put forward a nearly $1 trillion, 10-year compromise that would allow the government to deny or roll back egregious insurance premium increases that infuriated consumers. Obama produced a health care plan of his own. It used legislation already passed by the Senate as its starting point, making changes designed to appeal to House Democrats.
    (AP, 2/22/10)(AP, 2/23/10)
2010        Feb 22, A Delaware grand jury returned an indictment on pediatrician Dr. Earl Bradley of Lewes with 471 counts of sexual crimes against 103 children.
    (SFC, 2/23/10, p.A6)
2010        Feb 22, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed 15 people in Nangarhar province, including a key tribal leader who played a major role in a failed attempt to capture al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden at Tora Bora in 2001.
    (AP, 2/22/10)
2010        Feb 22, Latin American and Caribbean nations backed Argentina's claim of sovereignty to the Falkland Islands in a growing dispute with Britain over plans to drill for oil off the islands in the Atlantic. British exploration company Desire Petroleum PLC said it started drilling for oil about 62 miles north of the disputed islands.
    (AP, 2/23/10)(SFC, 2/23/10, p.A2)
2010        Feb 22, In eastern CongoDRC 3 people were killed when Congolese soldiers attacked a UN agency car and tried to loot it in South Kivu province. A combination of military personnel from the US Special Operations Command Africa, including US special forces and civilian specialists under contract, were said to be conducting training a battalion of Congolese soldiers in the city of Kisangani. The 8-month program for the battalion, which can consist of about 1,000 soldiers, will cover military basics but also will focus on human rights training. Human rights groups have previously accused Congo's poorly trained and irregularly paid army forces of attacking civilians.
    (AP, 2/23/10)(AP, 3/1/10)
2010        Feb 22, French President Nicolas Sarkozy met with Total Chairman Thierry Desmarest for talks about a labor strike that has shuttered over half of France's oil refining capacity. Workers at all six of Total SA's French refineries and at six of its 31 fuel depots have been on strike for five days over the uncertain future of a plant in Dunkirk, in northern France. Workers at France's fourth-largest refinery, British-owned chemicals company INEOS, met to vote on whether they too would join the widening strike.
    (AP, 2/22/10)
2010        Feb 22, German airline Lufthansa went to court in a bid to halt a strike by some 4,000 pilots that disrupted more than one third of its flights. Later in the day Lufthansa pilots agreed to suspend for two weeks a strike that grounded about 900 flights, just as rival British Airways' cabin crew voted to join the fray to protest harsh cost cuts.
    (AP, 2/22/10)(Reuters, 2/22/10)
2010        Feb 22, In Indonesia a villager was killed in crossfire and three suspected militants were arrested when police raided a possible paramilitary training ground for the Southeast Asian terror network Jemaah Islamiyah in Aceh province.
    (AP, 2/23/10)
2010        Feb 22, Iran said it plans to build two new uranium enrichment facilities deep inside mountains to protect them from attack, a new challenge to Western powers trying to curb Tehran's nuclear program for fear it is aimed at making weapons.
    (AP, 2/22/10)
2010        Feb 22, In Iraq assailants killed 8 members of a Shiite family in a village outside Baghdad, shooting some and beheading others, just one of a series of pre-election shooting and car bombing attacks that swept the country, killing at least 23 people.
    (AP, 2/22/10)(SFC, 2/23/10, p.A3)
2010        Feb 22, In Ivory Coast at least two protesters died during an opposition demonstration that turned violent, deepening the crisis sparked by the president's dissolution of the government earlier this month.
    (AP, 2/22/10)
2010        Feb 22, In Libya Rashid Hamdani, one of two Swiss businessmen held in Libya for 19 months amid a diplomatic row between the two states, left for home as Max Goeldi emerged from his country's embassy to serve 4 months in jail. Goeldi was released on June 10 and prepared to fly home.
    (AFP, 2/22/10)(AFP, 6/11/10)
2010        Feb 22, In Nigeria Abdullahi Adamu, the former governor of Nasarawa state, was arrested for allegedly embezzling $100 million of government money meant for public projects. He was currently serving as secretary to the board of trustees of the People's Democratic Party (PDP), Nigeria's ruling political party.
    (AP, 2/23/10)
2010        Feb 22, In Northern Ireland a car bomb detonated in Newry, between Dublin and Belfast. Irish Republican Army dissidents gave police officers just 17 minutes to evacuate the center of a border town before the blast. The attack on the courthouse was the first of its kind in nearly a decade.
    (AP, 2/23/10)
2010        Feb 22, In Pakistan a suicide bomber targeting security forces killed at least 8 people in Mingora, the capital of the Swat Valley district.
    (SFC, 2/23/10, p.A2)
2010        Feb 22, A crowd of Palestinian youths in Hebron pelted Israeli soldiers with stones and empty bottles, drawing tear gas and stun grenades in the most serious violence to rock this volatile West Bank city in months.
    (AP, 2/22/10)
2010        Feb 22, In Peru 2 buses crashed head-on along a remote stretch of highway in the northeast, killing at least 38 people and injuring 58.
    (AP, 2/22/10)
2010        Feb 22, In Spain Hokman Joma tried to hit Turkey’s PM Erdogan with a shoe as the Turkish leader got into a car during a visit to the southern city of Seville. Hokman shouted "Long live Kurdistan" in Spanish before being arrested. In June the Syrian Kurd was sentenced to three years in jail in Spain.
    (AP, 9/22/10)
2010        Feb 22, Turkish police detained more than 40 high-ranking military commanders for allegedly plotting to overthrow the Islamic-rooted government. The detentions followed the gathering of wiretap evidence and the discovery of secret weapons caches, revelations that dealt a blow to the military's credibility.
    (AP, 2/22/10)
2010        Feb 22, The United Arab Emirates said it has picked former International Atomic Energy Agency chief Hans Blix to head an advisory board for its nuclear power program. Blix was director general of the IAEA, the UN's nuclear watchdog, from 1981 to 1997. He led the UN search for weapons of mass destruction in Iraq until June 2003.
    (AP, 2/22/10)
2010        Feb 22, A UN report said sales of household electrical gadgets will boom across the developing world in the next decade, wreaking environmental havoc if there are no new strategies to deal with the discarded TVs, cell phones and computers.
    (AP, 2/22/10)

2011        Feb 22, Rahm Emanuel, former White House Chief of Staff from Pres. Obama, was elected mayor of Chicago, overwhelming five rivals.
    (SFC, 2/23/11, p.A4)
2011        Feb 22, The US and Israel carried out a successful test of the Arrow anti-missile system off the coast of California.
    (AP, 2/22/11)
2011        Feb 22, Democratic members of the Indiana House of Representatives left Indianapolis to deny Republicans a quorum hoping to kill legislation that included a bill allowing workers in private-sector unions the right to opt out of their dues or fees.
    (SFC, 2/24/11, p.A7)
2011        Feb 22, Algeria’s government, in a major concession to opposition groups, adopted a measure that would lift a 19-year state of emergency.
    (SFC, 2/23/11, p.A2)
2011        Feb 22, Bahrain's king ordered the release of some political prisoners, conceding to another opposition demand as the embattled monarchy tries to engage protesters in talks aimed at ending an uprising that has entered its second week.
    (AP, 2/22/11)
2011        Feb 22, In northeastern Brazil police in the city of Pirapemas arrested a man accused of sexually abusing his daughter for 12 years and fathering her two children. The man confessed to abusing his daughter starting when she was 14 years old and fathering two daughters, aged 5 years and 2 months.
    (AP, 2/23/11)
2011        Feb 22, Egypt's foreign ministry told its embassies in the Arab world and Western countries to seek a freeze on the assets of former President Hosni Mubarak and his family. Massive labor protests and strikes turned violent, with the deputy head of one public sector company being beaten to death by irate workers.
    (Reuters, 2/22/11)(AP, 2/22/11)
2011        Feb 22, A French creator of specialized search engines filed a new complaint with the European Union about alleged anticompetitive behavior by Google Inc.
    (AP, 2/22/11)
2011        Feb 22, German authorities arrested two Germans suspected of involvement with the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, a terrorist group suspected of links to al-Qaida.
    (AP, 2/23/11)
2011        Feb 22, An Indian court convicted 31 people on conspiracy and murder charges over a deadly train fire in 2002 that triggered anti-Muslim rioting in which 2,000 people were killed.
    (AP, 2/22/11)
2011        Feb 22, Two Iranian naval ships entered Egypt's Suez Canal heading for Syria, the first time in three decades that Tehran has sent military ships through the strategic waterway.
    (AP, 2/22/11)
2011        Feb 22, In the Ivory Coast a battle between forces for the country's two political rivals involving rocket-propelled grenades left at least 10 policemen and 2 civilians dead. This was the fourth consecutive day of violence in Abidjan, the commercial capital of Ivory Coast. The "invisible commandos" allied with Ouattara launched their own attack. They claimed in a statement overnight that they killed 27 police officers in an ambush in Abobo.
    (AP, 2/23/11)(AP, 2/24/11)
2011        Feb 22, Libya's Muammar Gaddafi used tanks, helicopters and warplanes to fight a growing revolt, as the veteran leader scoffed at reports he was fleeing after four decades in power. Human Rights Watch said at least 233 people have been killed and opposition groups put the figure much higher. Libya's ambassador to the United States openly called for Moamer Kadhafi to end his "dictatorship regime" and step down, following other envoys deploring a deadly crackdown in the North African nation.
    (Reuters, 2/22/11)(AFP, 2/22/11)
2011        Feb 22, Mexico’s government announced that it plans to include voice and DNA samples in a database of the nation's 620,000 police and public safety employees as a control measure. Police in Acapulco, where the Mexican Open tennis tournament is being held, found the bodies of seven men, some mutilated. In Mazatlan two men were shot to death in the parking lot of a hotel frequented by foreign tourists. Neither of the victims were tourists. Authorities in Acapulco found the bodies of two men and a woman in a stolen taxi.
    (AP, 2/22/11)(AP, 2/23/11)
2011        Feb 22, Christchurch, New Zealand, lay in ruins after a magnitude 6.3 earthquake toppled tall buildings and churches. The earthquake left at least 166 dead, including 21 Chinese students. The earthquake also caused some 30 million tons of ice to break off from New Zealand's biggest glacier. On Feb 3 rescuers officially gave up hope of finding more survivors.  On May 16 nine final victims of the earthquake were declared dead, ending an agonizing wait for families of people whose remains have never been identified in the wreckage. 3 Israelis died in the Christchurch quake that killed 181 people. Other Israelis escaped the quake. One of the Israelis who died was carrying at least five passports. A 2012 report said a six-story building that collapsed and killed 115 people in the earthquake was made of weak columns and concrete and did not meet standards when it was built in 1986.
    (AFP, 2/23/11)(AFP, 2/25/11)(AP, 3/4/11)(AP, 3/5/11)(AP, 5/16/11)(AP, 7/19/11)(AP, 2/9/12)
2011        Feb 22, In central Nigeria at least 12 people were killed after cattle thieves attacked the village of Bere Reti Fan, a region beset by religious and ethnic killings.
    (AP, 2/22/11)
2011        Feb 22, Ion Hobana (80), Romania's best-known science fiction writer, died in Bucharest. His works were translated abroad has died. His last book, a history of French science fiction before 1900, was published in November.
    (AP, 2/23/11)
2011        Feb 22, Serb nationalist Vojislav Seselj deliberately revealed the names of 11 witnesses whose identities were being shielded by the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal at the start of his contempt of court trial. Seselj has been in custody at the tribunal for eight years since turning himself in to face charges of plotting ethnic cleansing and inciting atrocities by Serb forces in Bosnia and Croatia as the former Yugoslavia crumbled in the 1990s.
    (AP, 2/22/11)
2011        Feb 22, In Venezuela protesting students ended a three-week hunger strike, saying they stopped because the Organization of American States is discussing their allegations of human rights abuses by Venezuela's government.
    (AP, 2/22/11)
2011        Feb 22, In eastern Yemen about 5,000 anti-government protesters rallied in the town of al-Shiher, calling for the ouster of the country's president. Thousands rallied at a university campus in Sanaa while hundreds continued to camp out in a nearby square. Yemen President Ali Abdullah Saleh's supporters armed with daggers and batons clashed violently with students in Sanaa before police intervened. One person was killed and at least 12 injured in the clashes near Sanaa University, medics said. A local human rights group gave a higher toll, saying two people were killed and 18 hurt.
    (AP, 2/22/11)(AFP, 2/22/11)(AP, 2/23/11)

2012        Feb 22, Pres. Obama and others took part in the formal groundbreaking for the National Museum of African American History and Culture on the National Mall, scheduled to open in 2015.
    (SFC, 2/23/12, p.A9)
2012        Feb 22, Boston College student Franco Garcia was last seen drinking with friends at a bar near campus. On April 11 his body was pulled from the water of a reservoir near campus.
    (SFC, 4/12/12, p.A6)
2012        Feb 22, The top US special operations commander for Africa said  US troops helping in the fight against a brutal rebel group called the Lord's Resistance Army are now deployed in four Central African countries: Uganda, Congo, South Sudan and Central African Republic.
    (AP, 2/23/12)
2012        Feb 22, Abkhazia Pres. Alexander Ankvab survived an assassination attempt. At least one bodyguard was killed and 2 wounded.
    (SFC, 2/23/12, p.A6)
2012        Feb 22, The Afghan Interior Ministry said seven people have been killed in clashes between Afghan security forces and protesters demonstrating against the burning of Muslim holy books at a NATO military base.
    (AP, 2/22/12)
2012        Feb 22, Anti-whaling campaigners Sea Shepherd attacked a Japanese whaling ship in the Antarctic Ocean by firing paint bombs at it and trying to jam its propeller with ropes.
    (AP, 2/23/12)
2012        Feb 22, In Argentina a packed train slammed into the end of the line in Buenos Aires' busy Once station, killing 51 people and injuring hundreds of morning commuters.
    (AP, 2/22/12)(AP, 2/23/12)(AP, 2/24/12)
2012        Feb 22, Australia's foreign minister Kevin Rudd resigned, saying he was unable to continue without PM Julia Gillard's support, paving the way for him to make a leadership challenge.
    (AFP, 2/22/12)
2012        Feb 22, Mining giant Rio Tinto said it has unearthed a "remarkable" 12.76 carat pink diamond in Australia, the largest of the rare and precious stones ever found in the resources-rich nation.
    (AFP, 2/22/12)
2012        Feb 22, Occupy London protesters braced for eviction after a court ruled that local authorities can remove their four-month-old camp from outside St. Paul's Cathedral.
    (AP, 2/22/12)
2012        Feb 22, The charity Cancer Research UK said some 157,000 children aged 11 to 15 start smoking every year in England, while almost one million -- or 27 percent of the total -- have tried smoking at least once.
    (AFP, 2/22/12)
2012        Feb 22, China allegedly used force to threaten 11 Vietnamese fishermen preventing them from entering the Paracel islands to avoid a storm. A Vietnamese report on Feb 29 said Chinese forces assaulted the fishermen and tried to take their property.
    (AP, 3/1/12)
2012        Feb 22, Researchers in northeast India released a report on  the discovery of a new family of legless amphibians, named Chikilidae, in a rare scientific breakthrough.
    (AFP, 2/22/12)
2012        Feb 22, Indonesian police and military forces opened fire at the Kerobokan prison on Bali island after a second night of riots. The violence was triggered by the stabbing of an inmate during a brawl a week ago. By night inmates had chased away all 13 guards and seized full control of the compound.
    (AFP, 2/22/12)(AP, 2/23/12)
2012        Feb 22, Iraq's Interior Ministry announced the capture of Waleed Khalid Ali, accused as a top leader of the Ansar al-Sunna insurgent group linked to al-Qaida. The remains of US Staff Sgt. Ahmed al-Taie were turned over to Iraqi authorities. He had been abducted on October 23, 2006, during a visit to his wife and family on a Muslim holiday. He was killed within a year.
    (AP, 2/23/12)(AP, 2/27/12)
2012        Feb 22, Israel gave preliminary approval to a plan to build 600 new homes in a settlement deep inside the West Bank, a move that drew rebukes from the United Nations and Palestinians.
    (AP, 2/22/12)
2012        Feb 22, In Kashmir at least 16 Indian soldiers on duty in the mountains were killed and three others were missing in massive avalanches.
    (AFP, 2/23/12)
2012        Feb 22, A Libyan military court declared itself incompetent in the first trial of alleged loyalists of the toppled regime of Moamer Kadhafi.
    (AFP, 2/22/12)
2012        Feb 22, In Mali a girl was killed and several others wounded when the government’s army bombed a refugee camp in the country's north, an area gripped by a Tuareg rebellion.
    (AFP, 2/23/12)
2012        Feb 22, In Mexico 3 inmates were killed at the Topo Chico prison, a few miles away at from the Apodaca prison, where 44 prisoners, who belonged to the Gulf drug cartel, were bludgeoned and stabbed to death on Feb 19 by inmates from the rival Zetas cartel. Gunmen opened fire on a group of taxi drivers waiting at a taxi stand outside a shopping center in Monterrey, killing five.
    (AP, 2/23/12)
2012        Feb 22, In Montenegro US Army Black Hawk helicopters began dropping food, medicine and livestock feed to people stranded in the central mountains as villagers were hit by the country’s heaviest snowfall in 60 years.
    (SSFC, 2/26/12, p.A4)
2012        Feb 22, In Myanmar thousands came to the diamond-studded Shwedagon Pagoda for the return of an annual festival that was banned for more than 20 years by the former military regime. This marked what is being billed as the 2,600-year anniversary of the temple, which according to legend houses eight strands of Buddha's hair. A group of 12 monks are to take turns chanting nonstop until the full moon on March 7, when the celebrations end.
    (AP, 2/22/12)
2012        Feb 22, Nepal was reported to be in the midst of an energy crises. The nation produced a paltry 688 megawatts a year and imported petroleum products worth 80 billion rupees ($1 billion) a year.
    (AFP, 2/22/12)
2012        Feb 22, Nigeria said it has renewed oil licenses which will let US energy giant ExxonMobil operate 3 big fields that produce about 500,000 barrels of crude a day for 20 years.
    (AFP, 2/23/12)
2012        Feb 22, In Nigeria gunmen on a motorcycle shot dead 2 policemen watching over a highway in Lapai, Niger state.
    (AFP, 2/23/12)
2012        Feb 22, A Pakistani government official said 17 health workers have been fired for allegedly participating in a CIA scheme to confirm the presence of Osama bin Laden in a northwestern town.
    (AP, 2/22/12)
2012        Feb 22, Russia expressed "serious concern" about the humanitarian situation in Syria and said it backed an International Committee of the Red Cross call for a daily two-hour truce that could provide help to civilians.
    (AFP, 2/22/12)
2012        Feb 22, In Somalia truckloads of Ethiopian and Somali troops captured the strategic city of Baidoa from Al-Qaeda allied Shebab insurgents, who vowed to avenge their loss. The blow to the insurgency coincided with the UN Security Council boosting the strength of an African force in Mogadishu by more than 5,000 troops and came on the eve of conference in London aimed at reviving peace efforts.
    (AFP, 2/22/12)
2012        Feb 22, South Sudan said it has expelled the Chinese head of the country's largest oil firm Petrodar, a China-Malaysia-owned company, on charges of colluding with former civil war foe Sudan to "steal" millions of barrels of its oil.
    (AFP, 2/22/12)
2012        Feb 22, The Sudan Liberation Army faction of Minni Minawi attacked a government position at Alawna, south of the North Darfur state capital of El Fasher. Rebels later claimed that a dozen government soldiers were killed. An official said 10 civilians were the victims.
    (AFP, 2/24/12)
2012        Feb 22, Sudan's Al Tayar newspaper editor said the country’s intelligence agency has suspended publication of the paper, which tried to report allegations the agency spied on an opposition political party.
    (AFP, 2/22/12)
2012        Feb 22, In Syria veteran American war correspondent Marie Colvin (57) of Britain's Sunday Times and freelance French photojournalist Remi Ochlik (28) were killed while fleeing a bombardment in the besieged rebel city of Homs. Freelance photographer Paul Conroy and journalist Edith Bouvier of Le Figaro were wounded. 24 others were also killed in Homs. Syrian citizen journalist Rami al-Sayyed, who provided live footage on the Internet from Baba Amr, was also killed.
    (AP, 2/22/12)(AFP, 2/23/12)
2012        Feb 22, Tunisia's court of cassation threw out a ruling banning pornographic websites.
    (AFP, 2/22/12)
2012        Feb 22, The UN nuclear agency acknowledged renewed failure after a trip to probe suspicions of covert Iranian nuclear weapons work. Their statement was issued just hours after an Iranian general warned of a pre-emptive strike against any foe threatening the country.
    (AP, 2/22/12)
2012        Feb 22, Zambia opposition lawmakers walked out of parliament, saying President Michael Sata and his government had been violating the constitution.
    (AFP, 2/22/12)

2013        Feb 22, Pres. Obama said that about 100 US troops have been sent to Niger to help set up a new base for Predator aircraft surveillance.
    (SFC, 2/23/13, p.A2)
2013        Feb 22, US federal and Washington state officials said six underground tanks at Hanford, that hold a brew of radioactive and toxic waste at the nation's most contaminated nuclear site, are leaking.
    (AP, 2/22/13)
2013        Feb 22, A major winter storm headed northeast into the US Great Lakes and threatened New England after blanketing states from Minnesota to Ohio with blinding snow, sleet and freezing rain. At least 4 deaths were linked to the storm.
    (Reuters, 2/22/13)(SFC, 2/23/13, p.A4)
2013        Feb 22, In Oklahoma City a medical helicopter crashed outside a nursing home killing 2 people onboard and injuring a third.
    (SFC, 2/23/13, p.A4)
2013        Feb 22, American scientists prepared to drop dead mice laced with painkillers on Guam's jungle canopy as a prescription for the brown tree snake, a headache that has caused Guam misery for more than 60 years.
    (AP, 2/22/13)
2013        Feb 22, In Bahrain a protester (20) died from a head injury sustained Feb. 14 when he was hit with a tear gas canister fired by security forces.
    (AP, 2/22/13)
2013        Feb 22, Police across Bangladesh clashed with protesters from Islamic political parties denouncing war crimes trials linked to the country's 1971 independence war, killing two demonstrators and injuring dozens.
    (AP, 2/22/13)
2013        Feb 22, In Benin businessman Johannes Dagnon and army commander Pamphile Zomahoun were arrested. Preliminary investigations showed the two had tried to stop President Boni Yayi from returning to Cotonou so they could institute a military state.
    (AP, 3/4/13)
2013        Feb 22, Britain suffered its first ever sovereign ratings downgrade from a major agency when Moody's stripped the country of its coveted top-notch triple-A rating, dealing a major blow to Chancellor George Osborne.
    (Reuters, 2/22/13)
2013        Feb 22, BP tanker drivers have begun a 3-day strike at Petroineos's Grangemouth refinery in Scotland over a plan to transfer some of them to another employer, which would affect their pensions and pay.
    (AP, 2/22/13)
2013        Feb 22, Frozen food maker Birds Eye said it would withdraw some products in Britain and Ireland after it found traces of horse DNA in one of its ready meals sold in Belgium.
    (Reuters, 2/22/13)
2013        Feb 22, Czech PM Petr Necas signed deals with representatives of 16 religious groups to pay them $3.1 billion in compensation for property that the country's former Communist regime seized from them. The left-wing opposition has asked the country's highest legal authority, the Constitutional Court, to stop it.
    (AP, 2/22/13)
2013        Feb 22, Voters in the tiny East African nation of Djibouti cast ballots in the nation's parliamentary elections. Opposition political parties were eligible to win seats for the first time.
    (AP, 2/22/13)
2013        Feb 22, French catering and vouchers group Sodexo said it was withdrawing all frozen beef products from the market in Britain after finding horse meat in some of its products.
    (Reuters, 2/22/13)
2013        Feb 22, German authorities returned 7 artifacts dating as far back as 4,000 BC to Kosovo after police stumbled on them in an unrelated raid in 2005. The artifacts date to the Neolithic period and are believed to belong to the Vinca, a prehistoric culture that traces back to 5,500 BC in southern Europe.
    (AP, 2/22/13)
2013        Feb 22, In Greece heavy rainfall caused two rivers to break their banks flooding the streets of Athens.
    (SFC, 2/23/13, p.A2)
2013        Feb 22, In Iraq gunmen wearing military uniforms killed seven anti-al-Qaida militiamen in an attack in Tuz Khormato north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 2/22/13)
2013        Feb 22, Ireland’s government said B&F Meats in Carrick-on-Suir, County Tipperary, has been caught labeling horse meat as beef and shipping it to a company in the Czech Rep.
    (SFC, 2/23/13, p.A2)
2013        Feb 22, In northern Mali Chadian army troops killed 65 Islamic extremist rebels and destroyed five vehicles in fierce fighting. 13 Chadian soldiers were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 2/23/13)
2013        Feb 22, Pakistani authorities arrested Malik Ishaq, a founder of a banned Sunni extremist group in Rahim Yar Khan, less than a week after the organization claimed responsibility for a market bombing that killed 89 Shiites. Ishaq was imprisoned for 14 years on charges, never proven, of killing Shiite Muslims. He was released in July 2011.
    (AP, 2/22/13)
2013        Feb 22, Hundreds of Palestinians in Hebron and elsewhere in the West Bank threw rocks at Israeli soldiers who responded with tear gas. Palestinian emergency services said dozens were treated for tear gas inhalation and rubber bullet wounds. Mohammed Asfour (22) was struck in the head by a rubber-coated bullet in the West Bank and died of his wounds on March 7.
    (AP, 2/22/13)(AP, 3/7/13)
2013        Feb 22, In Romania gangster Ian Balint was arrested with dozens of others on charges of attempted murder, kidnapping, blackmail and possession of illegal weapons.
    (SFC, 2/28/13, p.A2)
2013        Feb 22, Syrian warplanes and artillery hit targets near Damascus International Airport. Regime forces fired three missiles into a rebel-held area in eastern Aleppo, hitting several buildings. A newly released detainee reported witnessing the death of imprisoned rights activist Ayham Ghazzoul (26). Activists said gunmen from rival Sunni and Shiite Muslim villages in northern Syria have freed more than 200 people snatched in tit-for-tat kidnappings this month, easing tensions that threatened to touch off more sectarian violence. On Feb 26 Human Rights Watch said at least 141 people, half of them children, were killed when the Syrian military fired at least four missiles into eastern Aleppo.
    (AP, 2/22/13)(AP, 2/23/13)(AP, 2/24/13)(AP, 2/26/13)
2013        Feb 22, Tunisia's ruling Islamist party named Ali Larayedh, the interior minister seen as a conservative loyalist, to form a new government.
    (AP, 2/22/13)
2013        Feb 22, Pope Benedict XVI, who steps down Feb. 28, named Monsignor Ettore Balestrero ambassador, or nunzio, to Colombia. Balestrero was head of the Holy See's delegation to the Council of Europe's Moneyval committee, which evaluated the Vatican's anti-money laundering and anti-terror financing measures.
    (AP, 2/22/13)
2013        Feb 22, Zimbabwe media freedom campaigners said police are breaking the law by seizing and banning small radio receivers that can tune in to stations not linked to the state broadcasting monopoly controlled by President Robert Mugabe's party.
    (AP, 2/22/13)

2014        Feb 22, A barge ran into a towboat on the Mississippi River near Vancherie, La. A 65-mile stretch of the river was closed to traffic for a day as crews cleaned up some 31,500 gallons of spilled oil.
    (SFC, 2/24/14, p.A5)(SFC, 2/25/14, p.A5)
2014        Feb 22, Afghan President Karzai's High Peace Council said it has held meetings with a breakaway faction of senior Taliban leaders in Dubai. The Taliban has denied links to the faction, organized by former Taliban finance minister Aga Jan Mohtism.
    (AP, 2/22/14)
2014        Feb 22, In Brazil 9 members of a gang that specialized in blowing up teller machines were killed in a shootout with police after some 80 officers confronted 15 armed men after they used dynamite to blow up a cash machine in Itamonte, Minas Gerais state.
    (SSFC, 2/23/14, p.A4)
2014        Feb 22, In Central African Republic 3 Muslim civilians were shot dead when the taxi carrying them was stopped by an angry mob in Bangui.
    (AFP, 2/22/14)
2014        Feb 22, An Egyptian court acquitted six police officers on charges of killing 83 protesters during the country's 2011 revolution, the latest in a string of trials that rights group say failed to hold the country's security forces accountable for demonstrators' deaths.
    (AP, 2/22/14)
2014        Feb 22, Iran some 100 French corporate bigwigs held business talks in Tehran. American business representatives were also in town.
    (Econ, 2/22/14, p.39)
2014        Feb 22, Iraq's defense ministry announced a 72-hour halt to military operations in Fallujah, which has been held by anti-government fighters for weeks. The announcement raised the possibility of negotiations to end the crisis, during which gunmen have also seized parts of Ramadi. 4 military officers and five soldiers were killed as bombs targeted an army patrol in al-Saadiyah. In Tikrit blasts near the homes of local security and civilian officials killed five people and wounded 18. A military helicopter crashed in a remote area west of Baghdad, killing its four-member crew.
    (AFP, 2/22/14)(AP, 2/22/14)(AP, 2/23/14)
2014        Feb 22, Italy swore in a new coalition government under Matteo Renzi (39). His Democratic Party was propped up by supporters of former premier Mario Monti and former loyalists of Silvio Berlusconi.
    (SFC, 2/22/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 22, In Lebanon a suicide bombing against soldiers killed at least 3 people in Hermel. The Nusra Front, an al-Qaida-linked group, soon claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 2/23/14)
2014        Feb 22, Libyan police arrested six Qataris at Benghazi airport as they tried to board a plane to Turkey using forged Libyan passports and carrying almost $146,000.
    (Reuters, 2/22/14)
2014        Feb 22, Mexican marines in Mazatlan arrested Sinaloa Cartel kingpin Joaquin Guzman (56). His dominance of the drugs trade and ability to elude the law since escaping from prison in 2001 had lent him almost mythical status.
    (Reuters, 2/23/14)(SSFC, 2/23/14, p.A3)
2014        Feb 22, In Pakistan 9 militants were killed in helicopter gunship attacks targeting insurgent hideouts in the Hangu region.
    (Reuters, 2/22/14)
2014        Feb 22, The World Health Organization began a campaign to prevent outbreaks of cholera in temporary camps in South Sudan housing thousands of people who have fled the country's two-month-old conflict.
    (AFP, 2/22/14)
2014        Feb 22, Syrian state TV said government forces have captured two rebel-held areas on the edge of the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights. In the northeast Kurdish members of the “People's Protection Units" captured Tel Brak in a battle left some 19 people dead.
    (AP, 2/22/14)
2014        Feb 22, In Syria Akram al-Bunni, a prominent leftist writer and former political prisoner, was abducted by government intelligence agents as he left a wedding reception at a Damascus hotel.
    (Reuters, 2/23/14)
2014        Feb 22, In Thailand a 5-year-old girl was killed and about three dozen people wounded in an attack on an anti-government rally in the eastern province of Trat.
    (AP, 2/23/14)
2014        Feb 22, Turkey's interior ministry said 1,000 police officers have been removed in the wake of a major corruption probe against key government allies but said these were only "routine" re-assignments.
    (AFP, 2/22/14)
2014        Feb 22, In Ukraine protesters took control of Kiev, seizing the president's office as parliament voted to oust him and form a new government. President Viktor Yanukovych described the events as a coup and insisted he would not step down. Parliament voted to call early presidential elections for May 25. Leaders of mainly Russian-speaking regions of eastern Ukraine that are loyal to the president challenged the legitimacy of the national parliament and said they were taking control of their territories.
    (AP, 2/22/14)(Reuters, 2/22/14)
2014        Feb 22, The heads of four Ukrainian security bodies, including the police's Berkut anti-riot units, appeared in parliament and declared they would not take part in any conflict with the people. Yulia Tymoshenko left imprisonment and spoke to a massive, adoring crowd, while President Viktor Yanukovych decamped to eastern Ukraine and vowed he would remain in power.
    (Reuters, 2/22/14)(AP, 2/23/14)
2014        Feb 22, Vatican Pope Francis appointed his first batch of cardinals, as his predecessor Benedict made a surprise rare appearance at the ceremony.
    (AFP, 2/22/14)
2014        Feb 22, In Venezuela tens of thousands of opponents of Pres. Maduro filled the streets of Caracas in their biggest rally to date.
    (SSFC, 2/23/14, p.A9)

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