Today in History - March 1
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1BCE Mar 1, Start of the revised
Julian calendar in Rome.
293 Mar 1, Roman emperor
Maximianus introduced tetrarchy.
492 Mar 1, St. Felix III ended
his reign as Catholic Pope.
492 Mar 1, St Gelasius I began
his reign as Catholic Pope (492-496).
(PTA, 1980, p.98)(SC, 3/1/02)
589 Mar 1, Saint David
(b.~500), Welsh Bishop, died about this time. He was later regarded
as a saint and as the patron saint of Wales. The Annales Cambriae
has his death at 601, which would move his birth date forward. His
mother was Non (also Nonna or Nonnita), according to Christian
705 Mar 1, John VII began his
reign as Catholic Pope.
743 Mar 1, Slave export by
Christians to heathen areas was prohibited.
772 Mar 1, Po Tjiu-I (Bai
Juyi), Chinese poet (d.846), Governor of Hang-tsjow, was born. His
work included the narrative poem "Song of the Pipa," which protested
the social evils of his day.
(WSJ, 3/17/00, p.W2)(SC, 3/1/02)
918 Mar 1, Balderik became
bishop of Utrecht.
965 Mar 1, Leo VIII, Italian
(anti-)Pope (963-65), died.
1131 Mar 1, Stephen II, King of
Hungary (1116-31), died.
1260 Mar 1, Hulagu Khan,
grandson of Genghis, conquered Damascus.
1382 Mar 1, French Maillotin
rose up against taxes.
1420 Mar 1, Pope Martinus I
called for a crusade against the Hussieten (Bohemia).
1434 Mar 1, Jacoba of Bavaria
married Frank van Borselen.
1501 Mar 1, Lithuania and Livonia
established a 10-year union for protection against Russia.
1581 Mar 1,The Warsaw
government accepted the statutes of the Lithuanian high tribunal.
1642 Mar 1, Georgeana (York),
Maine, became the first American city to incorporate.
(HN, 3/1/98)(SC, 3/1/02)
1456 Mar 1, Wladyslaw Jagiello,
king of Bohemia (1471-1516), Hungary (1490-1516), was born.
1562 Mar 1, Blood bath at
Vassy; General de Guise allowed the murder of 1200 Huguenots. The
Guises massacred more than 60 Huguenots at a Protestant service at
Vassy and sparked off The Wars of Religion in France.
(TL-MB, 1988, p.20)(SC, 3/1/02)
1579 Mar 1, Sir Francis Drake
waylaid a Spanish treasure galleon, the Nuestra Senora de la
Concepcion, off the coast of Panama.
(ON, 7/03, p.7)
1633 Mar 1, George Herbert
(b.1593), Welsh-born priest and poet, died. In 2013 John Drury
authored “Music at Midnight: The Life and Poetry of George Herbert.”
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Herbert)(Econ, 8/31/13, p.72)
1692 Mar 1, Sarah Goode, Sarah
Osborne and Tituba were arrested for the supposed practice of
witchcraft in Salem, Mass.
1565 Mar 1, Spanish occupier
Estacio de Sá founded Rio de Janeiro. He destroyed the existing
(TL-MB, 1988, p.21)(SC, 3/1/02)
1587 Mar 1, Peter Wentworth,
English parliament leader, was confined in London Tower. [see Mar
1591 Mar 1, Pope Gregory XIV
threatened to excommunicate French king Henri IV.
1619 Mar 1, Thomas Campion
(53), English physician, composer, poet (Poemata), died.
1634 Mar 1, Battle at Smolensk;
Polish King Wladyslaw IV beat the Russians. [see Feb 19]
1643 Mar 1, Girolamo
Frescobaldi (59), Italian composer, organist, died.
1711 Mar 1, "The Spectator"
began publishing in London.
1776 Mar 1, French minister
Charles Gravier advised his Spanish counterpart to support the
American rebels against the English.
1780 Mar 1, Pennsylvania
became the first U.S. state to abolish slavery (for new-borns only).
It was followed by Connecticut and Rhode Island in 1784, New York in
1785, and New Jersey in 1786. Massachusetts abolished slavery
through a judicial decision in 1783.
1781 Mar 1, The Continental
Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation, following
ratification by Maryland.
1784 Mar 1, E. Kidner opened
the 1st cooking school in Great Britain.
1785 Mar 1, Philadelphia
Society for the Promotion of Agriculture was organized.
1790 Mar 1, President
Washington signed a measure authorizing the first US Census. The
Connecticut Compromise was a proposal for two houses in the
legislature-one based on equal representation for each state, the
other for population-based representation-that resolved the dispute
between large and small states at the Constitutional Convention.
Connecticut delegate Roger Sherman's proposal led to the first
nationwide census in 1790. The population was determined to be
3,929,625, which included 697,624 slaves and 59,557 free blacks. The
most populous state was Virginia, with 747,610 people and the most
populous city was Philadelphia with 42,444 inhabitants. The average
cost of this year’s census was 1.13 cents per person.
1792 Mar 1, US Presidential
Succession Act was passed. [see Feb 21]
1796 Mar 1, The 1st National
Meeting was held in the Hague.
1803 Mar 1, Ohio became the
1808 Mar 1, In France, Napoleon
created an imperial nobility.
1809 Mar 1, Embargo Act of 1807
was repealed and the Non-Intercourse Act signed.
1810 Mar 1, Frederic Chopin
(d.1849), Polish composer and pianist, was born. He studied in
Poland but spent most of his adult life in Paris. He met George Sand
in Paris in 1838 and they were together until 1847. His works
include the Waltz #2 in C# Minor (1835).
(BAAC PN, Chambers, 1/8/96) (HN, 3/1/98)
1811 Mar 1, In Egypt the
Ottoman viceroy Muhammad Ali Pasha massacred the Mameluke leaders of
Egypt for plotting against him. He had invited them to a banquet at
the citadel of Cairo.
(PCh, 1992, p.373)(SC, 3/1/02)
1815 Mar 1, In France,
returning from Elba, Napoleon landed at Cannes with a force of 1,
500 men and marched on Paris.
1815 Mar 1, Sunday observance
in Netherlands was regulated by law.
1837 Mar 1, William Dean
Howells (d.1920), US author, critic and editor, was born. He edited
the work of William James at the Atlantic Monthly. "We are creatures
of the moment; we live from one little space to another; and only
one interest at a time fills these." "If we like a man's dream, we
call him a reformer; if we don't like his dream, we call him a
(WUD, 1994, p.689)(SFEC, 11/3/96, BR p.10)(AP,
3/3/98)(AP, 11/13/98)(HN, 3/1/01)
1841 Mar 1, Blanche K. Bruce,
senator of Mississippi 1875-1881, was born in Farmville, Va.
(HN, 3/1/98)(SC, 3/1/02)
1841 Mar 1, John Quincy Adams
(74), former US president, concluded his defense of "the Mendi
people," a group of Africans who had rebelled and killed the crew of
the slave ship Amistad, while enroute from Cuba to Haiti. They faced
mutiny charges upon landing on Long Island, but Adams won their
acquittal before the Supreme Court. In thanks they bestowed to him
an 1838 English Bible. In 1996 the Bible was stolen from the Adams
National Historic Site in Quincy, Mass.
1845 Mar 1, President Tyler
signed a congressional resolution to annex the Republic of Texas.
1847 Mar 1, James Reed reached
Donner Lake and found his two children alive along with 15 other
(ON, SC, p.7)
1847 Mar 1, Michigan became the
1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty
(except for treason against the state).
1848 Mar 1, Augustus
Saint-Gaudens, US sculptor and designer of the 1907 $20 gold piece,
1854 Mar 1, The SS City of
Glasgow, a steamship of the Inman Line, left Liverpool harbor with
480 passengers and was never seen again.
(SC, 3/1/02)(WSJ, 7/1/03, p.D8)
1859 Mar 1, The present seal of
San Francisco was adopted (its 2nd).
1860 Mar 1, Suzanna Salter,
first female mayor, was born.
1864 Mar 1, Rebecca Lee
(1831-1895) became the first black woman to receive an American
medical degree, from the New England Female Medical College in
1864 Mar 1, Louis Ducos du
Hauron patented a movie machine that was never built.
1865 Mar 1, Anna Paulowna
Romanova (70), great monarch of Russia, died.
1866 Mar 1, Paraguayan canoes
sank 2 Brazilian ironclads on Rio Parana.
1867 Mar 1, Most of Nebraska
became the 37th state. It was expanded later.
(AP, 3/1/98)(SC, 3/1/02)
1869 Mar 1, Postage stamps
showing scenes were issued for 1st time.
1869 Mar 1, Alphonse MLP de
Lamartine (78), French poet (History of Girondins), died.
1870 Mar 1, Francisco S. Lopez
(43), President of Paraguay (1862-70), was killed in the War of the
1871 Mar 1, Germans paraded
down the Champs-Elysses, Paris, France during the Franco-Prussian
(HN, 3/1/99)(WSJ, 3/14/95, p.A-16)
1871 Mar 1, J. Milton Turner
was named minister to Liberia.
1872 Mar 1, President Ulysses
S. Grant signed a measure creating Yellowstone National Park (Idaho,
Montana, Wyoming). The act of Congress creating Yellowstone National
Park was based on a report from an expedition led by Ferdinand
Hayden. The 2.2 million-acre preserve was the first step in a
national park system. Nathaniel Pitt Langford (39) was appointed the
(SFC, 5/19/96, Z1, p.2)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R34)(ON,
11/02, p.4)(PCh, 1992, p.526)(AP, 3/1/08)
1872 Mar 1, Doc Holliday
received his Doctor of Dental Surgery.
1873 Mar 1, E. Remington and
Sons (1816–1896), a firearms manufacturer founded in 1816 by
Eliphalet Remington in Ilion, New York, started manufacturing the
first commercial typewriter. James Densmore and George Yost
contracted Remington to build 1,000 machines designed by Christopher
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E._Remington_and_Sons)(ON, 12/10, p.8)
1875 Mar 1, Congress passed
the Civil Rights Act, which was invalidated by the Supreme Court in
1876 Mar 1, Guernsey Cattle
Club formed in Farmington, CT.
1879 Mar 1, Library of Hawaii
1880 Mar 1, Lytton Strachey
(d.1932), English biographer, critic (Benson Medal 1923), was born.
"Uninterpreted truth is as useless as buried gold."
(AP, 3/25/00)(SC, 3/1/02)
1890 Mar 1, 1st US edition of
Sherlock Holmes (Study in Scarlet) was published.
1893 Mar 1, The US Diplomatic
Appropriation Act authorized the rank of ambassador.
1896 Mar 1, The Battle of Adowa
(Adwa, Adua) began in Ethiopia between the 80,000 forces of Negus
Menelik, Emperor Menelik II, and 18-20,000 Italian troops. The
Italians suffered a crushing defeat with some 6,000 killed. Menalik
II and his wife Taitu led Ethiopia to independence from Italy. In
2000 Haile Gerima made a 90 minute documentary of the event, "Adwa:
An African Victory."
(WSJ, 5/16/96, p.A-12)(AP, 3/1/98)(SFC, 5/15/00,
p.D3)(Econ, 2/26/11, p.89)(ON, 2/11, p.9)
1901 Mar 1, At the Pan American
Exposition in Buffalo, NY, the electric current was turned on at the
Agricultural building by Henry Rustin, chief of the Mechanical and
Electricity Bureau, and the 4000 lamps on the exterior of the
building blazed into radiant beauty. The Exposition, which opened
informally on May 1, was held on a 342 acre site between Delaware
Park Lake on the south, the New York Central railroad tracks on the
north, Delaware Avenue on the east, and Elmwood Avenue on the west.
The fair featured the latest technologies, including electricity and
the baby incubator building, and attracted nearly 8 million people.
A 400-foot electric tower was the centerpiece.
1903 Mar 1, Leon Bismarck "Bix"
Beiderbecke, jazz cornetist (In a Mist), was born in Iowa. [see Mar
1904 Mar 1, Glenn Miller
(d.1944), big band leader of the 1930s and 1940s, was born in
1907 Mar 1, There were only
15,000 Jews left in Odessa, Russia. The attacks on the Jews
continued as more and more evacuated.
1909 Mar 1, David Niven, actor
(Casino Royale, Eye of the Devil), was born in Kirriemuir Angus,
1909 Mar 1, 1st US university
school of nursing established, University of Minnesota.
1910 Mar 1, An avalanche at
Wellington, Wa., pushed two Great Northern trains carrying 96 people
over a ledge at Stevens Pass.
(SSFC, 3/1/09, p.C10)
1911 Mar 1, Jose Ordonez was
elected the president of Uruguay.
1912 Mar 1, Albert Berry
completed the first in-flight parachute jump, from a Benoist plane
over Kinlock Field in St. Louis.
1912 Mar 1, Isabella Goodwin,
1st US woman detective, was appointed in NYC.
1913 Mar 1, The US Federal
income tax filing date took effect. It was changed to March 15 in
1918 and again to April 15 in 1955. The first Form 1040 was four
pages with all of the instructions on page 4.
1913 Mar 1, The 1st state law
requiring bonding of officers and state employees was enacted in
1914 Mar 1, Ralph Waldo
Ellison, renown African-American author who wrote "Invisible Man,"
1914 Mar 1, H. Colijn, Dutch
Minister of war, was named director of British Petroleum.
1915 Mar 1, The Allies
announced their aim to cut off all German supplies, and assured the
safety of the neutrals.
1916 Mar 1, Germany began
attacking ships in the Atlantic.
1916 Mar 1, A conference
of Lithuanians in Berne (Mar 1-5) demanded for the 1st time the full
independence of Lithuania.
1917 Mar 1, Robert Lowell, Jr.,
poet, was born. He won the Pulitzer Prize in 1947 for Lord Weary's
1917 Mar 1, Dinah Shore, singer
(See the USA in a Chevrolet), was born in Winchester, Ten. [see Feb
1917 Mar 1, The 1st US federal
land bank was chartered.
1919 Mar 1, Lawrence
Ferlinghetti, US beat poet (Coney Island of the Mind), was born.
[see Mar 24]
1919 Mar 1, The Korean
coalition proclaimed their independence from Japan. 33 Koreans
gathered in a local restaurant to read a declaration of independence
that ignited a series of demonstrations against Japanese occupation.
(HN, 3/1/98)(SSFC, 2/24/13, p.M3)
1920 Mar 1, Harry Caray,
baseball announcer (Chicago Cubs), was born.
1920 Mar 1, Howard Nemerov,
writer, 3rd US poet laureate, Pulitzer Prize recipient, was born.
[HN says 1921]
(HN, 3/1/01)(SC, 3/1/02)
1921 Mar 1, Richard Wilbur, 2nd
US Poet Laureate, Pulitzer Prize winning poet and translator, was
(HN, 3/1/01)(SC, 3/1/02)
1921 Mar 1, The Allies
rejected a $7.5 billion reparations offer in London. German
delegations decided to quit all talks.
1921 Mar 1, Rwanda was ceded to
1921 Mar 1, Sailors revolted in
1922 Mar 1, Yitzhak Rabin,
premier (Israel, 1992-95, Nobel 1994), was born.
1923 Mar 1, Allies occupied
Ruhrgebied and killed a railroad striker.
1924 Mar 1, Emile Fradin
(d.2010 at 103), French peasant, discovered an underground chamber
containing ancient artifacts that were later dated anywhere from 300
BC to the 15th century. The field, called Duranthon, was later
renamed the Champ des Morts (field of the Dead).
(Econ, 3/13/10, p.89)
1924 Mar 1, Germany's
prohibition of Communist Party (KPD) was lifted.
1927 Mar 1, Harry Belafonte,
calypso singer (Buck and the Preacher), was born in Harlem, NYC.
1927 Mar 1, Robert Heron Bork,
judge, nominated for supreme court, was born.
1927 Mar 1, Bank of Italy
became a National Bank. California’s laws prohibiting branch banking
changed and A.P. Giannini consolidated his banking properties into
the Bank of America of California.
(SFC, 4/14/98, p.B4)(SC, 3/1/02)
1928 Mar 1, Paul Whiteman and
his orchestra recorded "Ol' Man River" for Victor Records.
1930 Mar 1, In San Francisco
the 22 storey Clay-Jones Apartments, designed by architect Albert
Larsen, opened at 1250 Jones St.
(SSFC, 2/1/15, p.D2)(SFC, 2/11/15, p.D1)
1932 Mar 1, Charles Lindbergh
Jr. (20 months), the infant son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh was
kidnapped from his nursery at the family home near Hopewell,
(Princeton) N.J. A handwritten note left at the scene demanded a
$50,000 ransom. Under relentless public scrutiny, the Lindberghs
complied with the ransom demands, but on May 12, the child’s remains
were found two miles from their home. German immigrant Bruno Richard
Hauptmann was arrested and convicted for the crime amid a frenzy of
biased media coverage. Hauptmann maintained his innocence until his
execution in 1936. In 1961 George Waller authored “Kidnap,” an
account of the kidnapping and trial.
(TMC, 1994, p.1932)(AP, 3/1/98)(HN, 3/1/98)(HNPD,
3/1/99)(WSJ, 11/10/07, p.W8)
1933 Mar 1, Bank holidays were
declared in 6 states to prevent run on banks.
1934 Mar 1, Primo Carnera beat
Tommy Loughran in 15 for heavyweight boxing title.
1934 Mar 1, Henry Pu Yi was
crowned emperor Kang Teh of Manchuria.
1935 Mar 1, Germany celebrated
the return of the Saar Basin to the Reich.
1935 Mar 1, Germany officially
established the Luftwaffe.
1937 Mar 1, The 1st US
permanent automobile license plates was issued in Connecticut.
1937 Mar 1, US Steel raises
workers' wages to $5 a day.
1937 Mar 1, Governor Wouters
inaugurated a radio station on the Dutch Antilles.
1938 Mar 1, Gabriele
d’Annunzio, Italian poet, writer and political leader, died. In 2013
Lucy Hughes-Hallett authored “The Pike: Gabriele d’Annunzio: Poet
Seducer and Preacher of War.”
1940 Mar 1, "Native Son" by
Richard Wright (1908-1960) was first published. This
launched him as America’s 1st best-selling black author.
(AP, 3/1/00)(SSFC, 8/12/01, DB p.61)
1940 Mar 1, In the 12th Academy
Awards: "Gone with the Wind", Robert Donat and Vivien Leigh won.
1940 Mar 1, U.S. envoy, Sumner
Welles met with Hitler in Berlin.
1941 Mar 1, "Captain America"
appeared in a comic book.
1941 Mar 1, W47NV, the 1st US
FM radio station to broadcast with a commercial license, went on the
air in Nashville, TN.
1941 Mar 1, Elmer Layden became
the 1st NFL commissioner.
1941 Mar 1, Himmler inspected
the Auschwitz concentration camp.
1941 Mar 1, Bulgaria joined
the Axis as the Nazis occupy Sofia.
1942 Mar 1, J. Milton Cage
Jr.’s "Imaginary Landscape No 3" premiered in Chicago.
1942 Mar 1, Baseball decided
that players in military can't play when on furlough.
1942 Mar 1, The 3 day Battle
of Java Sea ended as US suffered a major naval defeat. Japanese
troops occupy Kalidjati airport in Java.
(HN, 3/1/98)(SC, 3/1/02)
1942 Mar 1, Tito established
the 2nd Proletariat Brigade in Bosnia.
1942 Mar 1, Suriname camp for
NSB people opened to save Jews.
1943 Mar 1, The British RAF
conducted strategic bombing raids on all European railway lines.
From 1939 to 1945, R.A.F. pilots and air crews waged war on Germany
from inside Hitler's Reich.
1943 Mar 1, In Amsterdam a
Jewish old age home for disabled was raided.
1944 Mar 1, Roger Daltrey
Hammersmith, rocker, actor, producer (The Who-Tommy), was born in
1944 Mar 1, Massive strikes
took place in Northern Italian towns.
1944 Mar 1, U-358 sank in
1945 Mar 1, Burning Spear
[Winston Rodney], Jamaican reggae singer, was born.
1945 Mar 1, President
Roosevelt, back from the Yalta Conference, proclaimed the meeting a
success when he addressed a joint session of Congress.
1945 Mar 1, US infantry
regiment captured Mönchengladbach.
1945 Mar 1, British 43rd
Division under General Essame occupied Xanten.
1945 Mar 1, Chinese 30th
division occupied Hsenwi.
1945 Mar 1, Field marshal
Kesselring succeeded von Rundstedt as commander.
1946 Mar 1, British Government
took control of Bank of England, after 252 years.
1946 Mar 1, In the Netherlands
Felix Gulje, head of a construction company, was murdered at his
door front. Rumors had circled that Gulje worked with
occupation authorities during the war. After his death it emerged
that Gulje had sheltered Jews and given money to hide others. In
2011 Atie Ridder-Visser (96), former resistance member, confessed to
(SFC, 6/9/11, p.A3)
1946 Mar 1, Panama accepted its
1947 Mar 1, International
Monetary Fund began operations.
1949 Mar 1, Joe Louis retired
as heavyweight boxing champion.
1950 Mar 1, Chiang Kai-shek
resumed the presidency of Nationalist China in Taipei.
1950 Mar 1, Klaus Fuchs was
sentenced in London to 14 years for atomic espionage.
1950 Mar 1, USSR issued golden
1952 Mar 1, In SF Municipal
Railway workers received a wage increase of 9.4 cents effective July
1. This raised their hourly rate to $1.73.
(SFC, 3/1/02, p.G8)
1952 Mar 1, Egyptian
government-Ali Maher Pasja resigned.
1952 Mar 1, Helgoland, in North
Sea, was returned to West Germany by Britain.
1953 Feb 28, Francis Crick
(d.2004) and James Watson discovered the structure of DNA-molecule.
Watson and Crick managed to describe the structure of DNA as a
double helix consisting of two long strings coiled around one
another. About 100,000 genes, short sections of DNA, tell the cells
how to build proteins, the building blocks of life. Rosalind
Franklin made the 1st x-ray image that revealed the double helix
structure of DNA. In 2002 Brenda Maddox authored "Rosalind Franklin:
The Dark Lady of DNA." In 2003 Watson co-authored "DNA: The Secret
of Life." [see Apr 25, Sep 20, 1953]
(V.D.-H.K.p.330)(TL, 1988, p.114)(Wired, 1/97,
p.161)(SSFC, 11/10/02, p.M2)(WSJ, 3/28/03, p.W8)(AP, 2/28/04)
1954 Mar 1, The US Senate
confirmed the Earl Warren for Chief Justice of the US. He had been
serving as the Interim chief Justice since Oct 5, 1953.
1954 Mar 1, Puerto Rican
nationalists opened fire from the gallery of the U.S. House of
Representatives, wounding five congressmen. In 1998 the
granddaughter of one of the nationalists published a family memoir.
Lolita Lebron (1919-2010), Rafael Cancel Miranda, Irving Flores and
Andres Figueroa Cordero all received lengthy prison sentences.
President Jimmy Carter granted them clemency in 1979 and they were
(WUD, 1994, p.1685)(AP, 3/1/98)(NPR, 2/28/98)(AP,
1954 Mar 1, The Bravo hydrogen
bomb test exploded across Bikini atoll (Marshall Islands) with the
force of 1,000 Hiroshima bombs. A Nuclear Claims Tribunal,
established in 1986, later awarded Bikini and Enewetak 500 million
dollars but only a fraction of the amount was received. A Nov 30,
2004, deadline limited further suits.
1954 Mar 1, The No. 5
Fukuryu-maru was trolling for tuna off the Bikini atoll in the
Pacific during the Bravo hydrogen bomb test. 11 crew members died in
the half-century since the exposure, at least six of them from liver
cancer. Between 1946 and 1958, the United States conducted 66
nuclear tests at Bikini as part of "Operation Crossroads."
1954 Mar 1, Ted Williams
fractures collarbone in 1st game of spring training after flying 39
combat missions without injury in Korean War.
1954 Mar 1, Rebellion during
visit of President Naguib in Khartoum Sudan, 30 die.
1955 Mar 1, The SF Chronicle
reported that a Univ. of California survey found that Americans
spend more money on comic books that all the country’s elementary
schools and high schools spend on textbooks.
(SFC, 2/25/05, p.F4)
1955 Mar 1, Chase National (the
3rd largest US bank) and Bank of the Manhattan Company (15th largest
bank) merged and were renamed as Chase Manhattan.
1955 Mar 1, An Israeli
retaliation in Gaza is reported as having killed 37 Egyptians and
wounded 29 others. Palestinians stone the United Nations Gaza
1957 Mar 1, "Ziegfeld Follies
of 1957" opened at Winter Garden NYC for 123 performances.
1957 Mar 1, Kokomo the Chimp
became the Today Show animal editor.
1958 Mar 1, Doctors declared
that President Eisenhower had fully recovered from his stroke.
1958 Mar 1, Giacomo Balla
(b.1871), Italian composer and painter, died. He was a
signatory to the 1910 Futurist Manifesto, and designed and painting
Futurist furniture. He also created Futurist "antineutral" clothing.
1959 Mar 1, Archbishop Makarios
returned to Cyprus after 3 years.
1960 Mar 1, 1,000 Black
students prayed and sang the national anthem on the steps of the old
Confederate Capitol in Montgomery, Ala.
1961 Mar 1, Cellist Jacqueline
du Prés made her debut in Wigmore Hall.
1961 Mar 1, President Kennedy
established the Peace Corps. The first volunteers were sent to
(TMC, 1994, p.1961)(SFC, 8/7/96, p.A15)(AP,
3/1/98)(SFC, 3/21/98, p.A13)
1962 Mar 1, A US Army
memorandum was put out titled “Possible Actions to Provoke, Harass
or Disrupt Cuba.”
1962 Mar 1, US-British nuclear
test experiment took place in Nevada.
1962 Mar 1, The first Kmart, a
60,000-sq.-ft. store, opened in Garden City, Mich. It was originally
know as Kresge's, a five and dime store founded in 1899. The company
was modernized under Harry B. Cunningham and re-opened as Kmart less
than 30 miles from Kresge's headquarters in downtown Detroit.
1962 Mar 1, American Airlines
707 plunged nose 1st into Jamaica Bay, NY, killing 95.
1962 Mar 1, Uganda became a
self-governing country under PM Benedicto Kiwanuka.
1963 Mar 1, 200,000 French mine
workers went on strike.
1964 Mar 1, In San Francisco
demonstrations began at the Sheraton-Palace Hotel over racial hiring
(SFC, 3/1/14, p.A1)
1965 Mar 1, Gas explosion
killed 28 in apartment complex at La Salle, Quebec, Canada.
1966 Mar 1, Moscow reported
that a space probe had crashed on Venus. Venera 3 became the 1st
man-made object to impact on a planet (Venus).
(HN, 3/1/98)(SC, 3/1/02)
1966 Mar 1, The Baath-party
took power in Syria. Among the fighters who had a part in toppling
Amin Hafez was Hafez Assad, who became president four years later
and ruled Syria with an iron fist for three decades.
(SC, 3/1/02)(AP, 12/18/09)
1967 Mar 1, US Rep. Adam
Clayton Powell (1908-1972) of New York City, accused of misconduct,
was denied his seat in the 90th Congress. The House of
Representatives voted 307 to 116 to expel Powell. The Supreme
Court ruled in 1969 that Powell had to be seated.
1967 Mar 1, Queen Elizabeth
Hall (South Bank Center) opened in London.
1967 Mar 1, Dominica became a
West Indies associated state with Edward Oliver LeBlanc as premier.
Full independence was attained on Nov. 03, 1978.
1967 Mar 1, St. Lucia became a
West Indies associated state with John Compton as Premier. It gained
full independence on Feb 22, 1979.
1968 Mar 1, Secretary of
Defense Robert McNamara was replaced by Clark Clifford.
1968 Mar 1, Singers Johnny Cash
(36) and June Carter (38) wed.
(SFC, 9/13/03, p.A12)
1968 Mar 1, The first 15-minute
version of the musical "Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor
Dreamcoat" by Andrew Lloyd Weber was performed at Central Hall,
1969 Mar 1, "Red, White, and
Maddox" closed at Cort Theater in NYC after 41 performances.
1969 Mar 1, Mickey Mantle of
the NY Yankees announced his retirement from baseball.
1969 Mar 1, Jim Morrison
(d.1971), lead singer for the Doors, exposed himself at Dinner Key
Auditorium in Miami before 10,000 people. An arrest warrant was
issued for Morrison four days after the concert. He turned himself
in, was tried the next year and convicted on two charges. Gov.
Charlie Crist and Florida's Cabinet members pardoned Morrison of
those convictions on Dec 9, 2010.
(SFC, 12/24/02, p.A13)(AP, 12/10/10)
1970 Mar 1, Kreisky's
social-democrats won the Austrian parliamentary election.
1950 Mar 1, Kim Soo-im
(b.1911), a former US-employed assistant and lover to provost
marshal Col. John E. Baird, was arrested by South Korean police,
joining thousands of others ensnared in President Syngman Rhee's
roundups of leftists — workers and writers, teachers, peasants and
others with suspect politics. She was soon tried and executed in
June by South Korea as an alleged spy.
1970 Mar 1, The white
government of Rhodesia declared independence from Britain.
1971 Mar 1, The bombing in the
U.S. Capitol building was claimed to be in protest of U.S.
involvement in Laos. The bomb exploded in a Capitol restroom 30
minutes after a telephone warning, which proclaimed the action to
protest against U.S. involvement in Laos. Some $200,000 in damage
was caused by the bombing. There were no injuries.
1972 Mar 1, David Rabe's
"Sticks and Bones" premiered in New York City.
1972 Mar 1, Kathy Boudin and
Bernardine Dohrn, members of the Weathermen, set explosives in the
1st-floor ladies room of the US Capitol building. [See Oct 20,1981]
1973 Mar 1, In the Paumanok
Handicap at Aqueduct, NYC, Robyn Smith rode North Star to victory,
becoming the first woman jockey to win a stakes race.
1974 Mar 1, A grand jury in
Washington, DC, concluded that President Nixon was indeed involved
in the Watergate cover-up. 7 people, including former Nixon
White House aides H.R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman, former
Attorney General John Mitchell and former assistant Attorney General
Robert Mardian, were indicted on charges of conspiring to obstruct
justice in connection with the Watergate break-in. They were
convicted the following January, although Mardian's conviction was
later reversed. In 2005 Vanity Fair Magazine revealed that W. Mark
Felt (91), former FBI official, was the Watergate whistleblower Deep
Throat, who helped bring down Pres. Nixon.
(HN, 3/1/98)(AP, 3/1/99)(AP, 6/1/05)
1975 Mar 1, In the 17th Grammy
Awards: I Honestly Love You, Marvin Hamlisch won.
1975 Mar 1, Eagles' "Best of My
Love" reached #1.
1976 Mar 1, The US Intelligence
Oversight Board was created as part of Pres. Ford’s Feb 18 Executive
Order 11905. It was made up of private citizens and designed to
ferret out illegal spying activities. In 2008 Pres George W. Bush
issued an executive order that stripped the board of much of its
(SSFC, 3/16/08, p.A4)
1977 Mar 1, The US 200-mile
fishery conservation zone went into effect. The US extended its
territorial waters out to 200 miles to stop fishing by boats of
(www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=6865)(NH, 5/96, p.61)
1978 Mar 1, "Timbuktu!" opened
at Mark Hellinger Theater in NYC for 243 performances.
1979 Mar 1, "Sweeney Todd" with
Angel Lansbury opened at Uris Theater in NYC for 557 performances.
The score was by Stephen Sondheim.
5/31/98, BR p.1)
1981 Mar 1, "Sophisticated
Ladies" opened at Lunt-Fontanne in NYC for 767 performances.
1981 Mar 1, Roberto C. Goizueta
(d.1997) was named CEO of Coca-Cola. Under his direction Coke’s
value increased from $5 billion to $150 billion.
1981 Mar 1, Irish Republican
Army member Bobby Sands began a hunger strike at the Maze Prison in
Northern Ireland; he died 65 days later.
1982 Mar 1, In France Patrice
Hyvert (23), an aspiring guide, went for a solo ascent on Mont Blanc
and disappeared in a snowstorm. On July 3, 2014, climbers found his
1982 Mar 1, Russian spacecraft
Venera 13 landed on Venus and sent back data.
1983 Mar 1, A tornado producing
F2 damage touched down in St. Louis, Mo. It later strengthened and
produced F3 damage in Illinois causing five million dollars in
1983 Mar 1, Arthur Koestler
(b.1905), Hungary-born British writer (Dialogue With Death), died in
a double suicide with his wife in London. His novels included
"Darkness at Noon" (1940). In 1998 David Cesarani authored "Arthur
Koestler: The Homeless Mind." In 2009 Michael Scammell authored
“Koestler: The Literary and Political Odyssey of a Twentieth-Century
(SSFC, 1/3/10, Books
1984 Mar 1, NASA launched
Landsat-D Prime (Landsat 5) to map the Earth.
1984 Feb 19, The USSR
performed a nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan, Semipalitinsk.
1984 Mar 1, Jackie Coogan
(b.1914), actor (Uncle Fester-Addams Family), died.
1985 Mar 1, The Pentagon
accepted the theory that an atomic war would block the sun, causing
a "nuclear winter."
1985 Mar 1, Herb Kohl (b.1935),
Milwaukee businessman and later US Senator (1988), purchased the
Milwaukee Bucks basketball team.
1986 Mar 1, In Sweden Social
Democrat Ingvar Carlsson became prime minister. He served until
October 1991. Under his administration Sweden made the decision to
apply to join the EU.
1988 Mar 1, Courtney Gibbs
Eplin (21) of Texas was crowned 37th Miss USA.
1988 Mar 1, President Reagan
arrived in Brussels, Belgium, for the first NATO summit in six
1988 Mar 1, Pontiac announced
the end of the Fiero automobile.
1988 Mar 1, Iraq said it had
fired 16 missiles into Tehran in the first long-range rocket attack
on the Iranian capital since the Iran-Iraq war began.
1989 Mar 1, The Senate
overwhelmingly approved Dr. Louis W. Sullivan to be secretary of
health and human services and Adm. James D. Watkins to be secretary
1989 Mar 1, Ben Johnson's coach
testified that Johnson began using steroids in 1981.
1989 Mar 1, Julianne Phillips
and Bruce Springsteen divorced.
1989 Mar 1, Prairie Meadows
racetrack in Polk County near Des Moines, Iowa, opened for business.
It lost money until it was converted to a casino in April, 1995.
(WSJ, 6/24/96, B1,11)
1989 Mar 1, Three teenagers in
New Jersey assaulted a mentally retarded girl with a broom and a
baseball bat as up to ten classmates watched. They were sentenced to
up to 15 years in a youth facility in 1997. In 1997 Prof. Bernard
Lefkowitz wrote “Our Guys,” an investigation of the events
surrounding the crime.
(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A3)(SFEC,11/16/97, BR p.3)
1990 Mar 1, The controversial
Seabrook, N.H., nuclear power plant won federal permission to go on
line after two decades of protests and legal struggles.
1990 Mar 1, Benin nullified its
1990 Mar 1, Luis Alberto
Lacelle was sworn in as President of Uruguay.
1991 Mar 1, President Bush said
“we’ve kicked the Vietnam syndrome once and for all” following the
allied victory in the Gulf War.
1991 Mar 1, The US Embassy in
Kuwait officially reopened.
1991 Mar 1, Edwin H. Land,
inventor of polarizing filters and Polaroid instant photography,
died in Cambridge, Massachusetts, at age 81. He had co-founded
Polaroid Corp. with George Wheelwright III (d.2001 at 97).
(AP, 3/1/01)(SFC, 3/3/01, p.A22)
1991 Mar 1-7, US military
specialists surveyed and then detonated a bunker at Kamisiyah, Iraq.
The site had been declared a chemical weapons storage area by Iraq
after the Gulf War. No trace of chemical agents were found before or
after but US & UN inspections teams had earlier found nerve
agent rockets and mustard gas shells in open pits at the site. It
was later acknowledged by the Pentagon that more than 15,000 US
troops may have been exposed to nerve gas due to the detonations.
Defense Department logs of this period were later reported lost. In
April 1997 the CIA acknowledged errors that led to the demolition.
(SFC, 6/22/96, p.A15)(SFC, 10/19/96, A4)(SFC,
3/1/97, p.A2)(SFC, 4/10/97, p.A1)
1991 Mar 1-7, The US military
used new ammunition made of depleted uranium. It produced a toxic
debris that US soldiers were not informed about at the time.
(SFEC, 8/17/97, p.A1)
1992 Mar 1, "Little Hotel on
the Side" closed at Belasco in NYC after 41 performances.
1992 Mar 1, "Visit" closed at
Criterion Theater in NYC after 45 performances.
1992 Mar 1, Sen. Brock Adams
abandoned his re-election campaign after eight women accused him in
a Seattle Times report of sexual abuse and harassment.
1992 Mar 1, Bosnian Serbs began
sniping in Sarajevo, after Croats and Moslems voted for Bosnian
1993 Mar 1, George Steinbrenner
was reinstated as owner of New York Yankees.
1993 Mar 1, The new expansion
NHL (hockey) team, owned by Disney, was named the Mighty
1993 Mar 1, Authorities near
Waco, Texas, continued negotiating with Branch Davidians holed up in
their bullet-scarred compound, a day after a furious gun battle
between the Davidians and federal agents that left 10 people dead.
1993 Mar 1, Luis Kutner
(b.1908), US human rights activist, died. He and Peter Benenson
co-founded Amnesty International (1961).
1994 Mar 1, At the 36th annual
Grammy Awards, Whitney Houston won best female pop vocalist and
record of the year for "I Will Always Love You"; "The Bodyguard" won
album of the year.
1994 Mar 1, Falling four votes
shy of a two-thirds majority, the US Senate rejected a balanced
budget amendment to the Constitution.
1994 Mar 1, Martti Ahtisaari
was inaugurated as President of Finland.
(SFC, 6/4/99, p.A10)(SC, 3/1/02)
1994 Mar 1, A Lebanese
immigrant opened fire on a van of Hasidic students on New York's
Brooklyn Bridge, killing one.
1995 Mar 1, At the 37th annual
Grammy Awards in Los Angeles, Sheryl Crow won record of the year for
"All I Wanna Do" while Tony Bennett's "MTV Unplugged" was named best
1995 Mar 1, As of this day
Belgian armed forces consisted of professional volunteers only.
1995 Mar 1, The Bosnian Serb
government received a $60 million mortgage for the oil refinery in
Srpski Brod from a Liberian-owned company, Orbal Marketing Service
Ltd. [see Jan 1995] Delivery was made to the Bosnian Serbs in late
March of a supposed nuclear device of red mercury at the Gradiska
border. It was discovered to be a swindle.
1995 Mar 1, Jozef Oleksy
succeeded Waldemar Pawlak as premier of Poland.
1995 Mar 1, Somalia militiamen
loyal to warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid seized control of the
Mogadishu airport after peacekeepers withdrew.
1995 Mar 1, Vitaly Massol,
Ukraine premier, resigned.
1995 Mar 1, Julio Maria
Sanguinetti was sworn in as President of Uruguay.
1996 Mar 1, Lenny Wilkens,
winningest coach in NBA, coached his 1,000th victory.
1996 Mar 1, President Clinton
slapped economic sanctions on Colombia, concluding that Colombian
authorities had not fully cooperated with the US war on drugs.
1996 Mar 1, The Food and Drug
Administration approved a powerful new AIDS drug, saying ritonavir
could prolong slightly the lives of severely ill patients.
1996 Mar 1, New toll-free 888
area code was introduced.
1996 Mar 1, Plans were approved
allowing traffic cameras at High Harrington and Shap, England.
1996 Mar 1, The first
Asia-Europe meeting (ASEM) opened in Bangkok, Thailand, with 25
countries and the EU Commission participating.
(Econ, 10/9/10, p.63)(http://tinyurl.com/25mhkw7)
1997 Mar 1, At Spring Lake near
Santa Rosa, Ca., Paul Duclos caught a 24-pound largemouth bass,
photographed it, weighed it and released it. The official record was
a 22-pound, 4-ounce bass caught in Montgomery Lake, Ga. To be
official the fish has to be killed, properly weighed and certified
by the Int’l. Gamefish Assoc.
(SFEC, 4/20/97, p.C3)
1997 Mar 1, Severe storms hit
Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee and Mississippi, and spawned tornadoes in
Arkansas blamed for two dozen deaths.
1997 Mar 1, In Albania Pres.
Sali Berisha said that his cabinet ministers would resign and be
replaced by leaders acceptable to the opposition .
(SFEC, 3/2/97, p.A14)
1997 Mar 1, In Austria it was
announced that the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra would allow Ann
Lelkes, a harpist who had played with the orchestra for 26 years, to
become an official member. There still existed an unofficial but
firm policy against admitting members of racial or ethnic
(SFC, 3/1/97, p.E1)
1997 Mar 1, Rescue teams fought
snow, high winds and wild dogs as they tried to bring help to an
earthquake-devastated region in northwest Iran, where the death toll
was estimated at 3,000.
1997 Mar 1, In Papua New Guinea
Sir Julius Chan announced that the government would buy the 54%
stake in Bougainville Copper held by RTZ-CRA Ltd.
(WSJ, 3/4/97, p.A15)
1997 Mar 1, In Sudan the
government signed an agreement to build a 900-mile pipeline from the
southern oilfields to Port Sudan on the Red Sea. Chinese National
Petroleum would control 40% and Malaysia would own 30% through its
state owned oil company.
(WSJ, 3/11/97, p.A22)
1998 Mar 1, "Art" opened at
Royale Theater NYC.
1998 Mar 1, Burma’s military
regime arrested 40 people it accused of planning to assassinate
leaders and bomb buildings.
(WSJ, 3/2/98, p.A1)
1998 Mar 1, China pledged to
spend $32.6 billion to stabilize nearly insolvent state banks amid
the Asian financial crises.
(WSJ, 1/4/98, p.R4)
1998 Mar 1, In Germany, Lower
Saxony Governor Gerhard Schroeder won a sweeping re-election that
paved the way for his successful campaign to oust Chancellor Helmut
1998 Mar 1, Weekend clashes in
Kosovo left 24 ethnic Albanians and 4 Serb policemen dead. Police
arrested 5 people and seized weapons caches.
(WSJ, 3/2/98, p.A1)(FT, 3/4/98, p.1)
1999 Mar 1, The US General
Accounting Office released an audit of the Internal Revenue Service
which found chronic problems in the agency's record-keeping.
1999 Mar 1, Minutes before a
midnight deadline Pacific Lumber agreed with government negotiators
on a $480 million deal to preserve the Headwaters Forest in northern
California. 10,000 acres of old growth forest was to be sold and
protection was imposed on 211,000 acres of adjacent lands.
(SFC, 3/2/99, p.A1)
1999 Mar 1, The Service
Employees Int'l. Union announced a major campaign to organize
(SFC, 3/2/99, p.A6)
1999 Mar 1, New York Univ.
announced that its journalism professors and others had compiled a
list of the top 100 works of 20th century American journalism.
(WSJ, 3/12/99, p.W18)
1999 Mar 1, The 1997 Ottawa
Treaty, banning the use, production, transfer and storage of land
mines, went into effect. 133 countries honored the treaty but the US
and China had not signed it. Participating nations agreed to destroy
anti-personnel land mines within 4 years and to get them out of
fields within 10.
(SFEC, 1/3/99, Par p.13)(SFC, 2/19/99, p.A3)
1999 Mar 1, A US report on
policy with North Korea indicated that North Korea was involved in
the production and distribution of narcotics. An area 10-17 thousand
acres was estimated to be under poppy cultivation with opium
production at 30-44 annual metric tons.
(SFC, 3/27/99, p.A10)
1999 Mar 1, Balloonists
Bertrand Piccard of Switzerland and Brian Jones of Britain took off
from the Swiss Alps in an attempt to circle the globe.
(SFC, 3/15/99, p.A9)
1999 Mar 1, In Colombia a
far-right death squad killed 8 people and kidnapped 3 in
Barrancabermeja, a stronghold of the National Liberation Army (ELN).
(SFC, 3/2/99, p.A9)
1999 Mar 1, In Haiti Senator
Jean-Yvon Toussaint (47) was shot in the head in Delmas.
(SFC, 3/2/99, p.A9)
1999 Mar 1, In Indonesia 9
people were killed when police opened fire on a crowd outside a
mosque at Ambon.
(SFC, 3/2/99, p.A9)
1999 Mar 1, US warplanes
dropped over 30 laser-guided bombs on military targets in northern
(SFC, 3/2/99, p.A8)
1999 Mar 1, In Nigeria a
gasoline bombing of 2 police stations left 2 people dead including
one policeman and 4 injured. The attack was blamed on a group called
Odudua, which wants a separate country for the Yoruba tribe of
(SFC, 3/4/99, p.C4)
1999 Mar 1, About this time
Serb municipal and police officials provided paramilitaries lists
with the names and assets of wealthy Albanians and lists of people
slated for execution. At least 5 paramilitary groups were in
operation and included Arkan's Tigers led by Zeljko Raznatovic and
Frenki's Boys led by Franko Simatovic. In 2013 Simatovic and Jovica
Stanisic, allies of Pres. Milosevic, were acquitted of setting up
and arming Serb paramilitary gangs in Bosnia and Croatia during the
(WSJ, 9/1/99, p.A18)(SFC, 5/31/13, p.A3)
1999 Mar 1, In Uganda Hutu
rebels kidnapped 13 tourists and an unknown number of Ugandans at
the Bwindi Nat'l. Park. Linda Adams of Alamo, Ca., escaped, the
rebels by faking an asthma attack. An attack by Rwandan Hutu rebels
left eight foreign tourists, including two Americans, and a park
guard dead. Separately rebels of the Allied Democratic Forces killed
5 people in a camp near Ntotoro village.
(SFC, 3/2/99, p.A8)(SFC, 3/4/99, p.A1,C5)(AP,
2000 Mar 1, Candidates in both
major parties turned their focus to Super Tuesday, a day after Texas
Governor George W. Bush won primaries in Virginia, North Dakota and
Washington state, while Vice President Al Gore won in Washington
2000 Mar 1, Classes were
canceled at Buell Elementary School in Mount Morris Township,
Michigan, a day after six-year-old Kayla Rolland was fatally shot,
allegedly by a fellow first-grader.
2000 Mar 1, In Pennsylvania
Ronald Taylor (39) killed 3 people and wounded 2 at an apartment and
2 fast food restaurants in Wilkinsburg. In 2001 Taylor was sentenced
to death for the killing of 3 white men.
(SFC, 3/2/00, p.A3)(AP, 3/1/01)(SFC, 11/12/01,
2000 Mar 1, In Britain Home
Sec. Jack Straw ruled that Gen. Pinochet should not be extradited to
(SFC, 3/2/00, p.A11)
2000 Mar 1, In Ecuador the
Congress passed legislation to replace the sucre with US dollars in
a bid to end a recession.
(WSJ, 3/2/00, p.A1)
2000 Mar 1, Tarja Halonen
assumed office as Finland’s first female president.
2000 Mar 1, In Japan police
officials reported that the Aum Shinri Kyo sect had developed
software for at least 10 government agencies and for more than 80
major companies in recent years. The sect had recently changed its
name to Aleph and denounced its violent past.
(SFC, 3/2/00, p.A10)
2000 Mar 1, In Nigeria Pres.
Obasanjo deplored the recent killings in the southeast as the death
toll passed 400.
(WSJ, 3/2/00, p.A1)
2000 Mar 1, In Sudan government
aircraft bombed a hospital compound in rebel-held territory in Lui.
2 people were killed and a dozen injured.
(SFC, 3/4/00, p.C1)
2001 Mar 1, Afghanistan's
ruling Taliban, defying international protests, began destroying all
statues in the country.
2001 Mar 1, The UK banned the
Pakistan-based militant group Lashkar-e-Taiba.
(WSJ, 12/8/08, p.A6)
2001 Mar 1, China was reported
to consumed a little over 6% of the world’s total 75.5 million
barrels per day.
(WSJ, 3/1/01, p.A1)
2001 Mar 1, In Ecuador 7
foreign oil workers (a Chilean, an Argentine, a New Zealander and
four Americans), kidnapped last October, were released following a
$13 million ransom.
(SFC, 3/2/01, p.A16)(AP, 3/1/02)
2001 Mar 1, The Fiji high court
ruled that the military-backed government was illegal and that the
1997 multi-racial constitution remained in effect.
(SFC, 3/2/01, p.D5)(Econ, 8/14/04, p.40)
2001 Mar 1, In Israel a
Palestinian in a taxi detonated a bomb that killed one passenger,
injured 9 and blew off his own legs.
(SFC, 3/2/01, p.A17)
2002 Mar 1, Pres. Bush approved
plans to send some 100 US troops to Yemen to help train the nation’s
military to fight terrorists.
(SFC, 3/2/02, p.A14)
2002 Mar 1, Under pressure from
prosecutors, the Archdiocese of Boston agreed to turn over the names
of people allegedly molested by priests.
2002 Mar 1, The space shuttle
Columbia with 7 astronauts blasted into orbit on an 11-day mission
that included work on the Hubble Space Telescope.
(SFC, 3/2/02, p.A3)
2002 Mar 1, NASA scientists
said that vast ice fields had been detected under the surface of
Mars with a gamma ray spectrometer on the Odyssey orbiter
(SFC, 3/2/02, p.A1)
2002 Mar 1, Grand American
series driver Jeff Clinton was killed during practice in a crash at
2002 Mar 1, In China laid-off
workers of the Daqing Oilfield Co. began massive protests for
re-negotiation of early retirement packages. Some 86,000 of 260,000
workers had been laid off since 1999. Daily protests hit as many as
(WSJ, 3/14/02, p.A1)(SFC, 3/20/02, p.A9)
2002 Mar 1, Envisat
("Environmental Satellite"), an Earth-observing satellite, was
launched aboard an Ariane 5 from the Guyana Space Center in Kourou,
French Guyana. After losing contact with the satellite on 8 April
2012, the European Space Agency formally announced the end of
Envisat's mission on 9 May 2012.
2002 Mar 1, In Gujarat, India,
the death toll from Hindu-Muslim violence passed 300 and some 3,500
troops moved into Ahmadabad to quell the violence. 14 Muslims burned
to death in the Best Bakery in Vadodara. 21 Hindus, accused of
murder, were later acquitted after almost 40 witnesses withdrew
evidence. At least 23 people taking shelter in a house were killed
when a mob set it on fire at Ode village in Anand district of
(SFC, 3/2/02, p.A1)(Econ, 9/20/03,
2002 Mar 1, Israeli troops
swept through refugee camps in Jenin and Nablus looking for terror
suspects. One solder was killed along with 6 Palestinians fighters
and a 10-year-old girl.
(SFC, 3/2/02, p.A7)
2003 Mar 1, The US
Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) ceased to exist as it
was incorporated into the Dept. of Homeland Security.
(SFC, 3/1/03, A6)
2003 Mar 1, The US
designated 3 rebel groups in Chechnya as terrorist organizations
linked to al-Qaeda and imposed a freeze on their US assets.
(SSFC, 3/2/03, A21)
2003 Mar 1, In Geneva
more than 170 nations agreed, despite US objections, on a text for a
tobacco treaty that would impose worldwide restrictions on
advertising and labeling, while clamping down on smuggling and
2003 Mar 1, In Brazil a
truce between landless farmworkers and President Luiz Inacio Lula da
Silva peace ended, when some 1,000 landless farmers occupied a ranch
80 miles west of Sao Paulo.
2003 Mar 1, Rebels
attacked the motorcade of Chechnya's pro-Moscow leader, Akhmad
Kadyrov, killing four bodyguards and three policemen.
2003 Mar 1, Arab leaders
held a summit in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt. The UAR became the 1st Arab
country to call for Saddam Hussein to step down.
(SSFC, 3/2/03, A8)
2003 Mar 1, Iraq
destroyed 4 of over 100 Al Samoud 2 missiles and agreed with the UN
on a timetable to dismantle the rest of the missile program.
(AP, 3/1/03)(SSFC, 3/2/03, A1)
2003 Mar 1, In the Ivory
Coast government helicopter gunships attacked a rebel-held
Bin-Houye, killing 20 civilians and injuring many others.
2003 Mar 1, In Pakistan
a joint raid outside Islamabad by CIA and Pakistani agents led to
the arrest of Khalid Shaikh Mohammed (Khaled Sheikh Mohammed), the
suspected mastermind of the Sept. 11, 2001 terror attacks, along
with 2 others. Documents and computer files later revealed that the
al Qaeda biochemical weapons program was well advanced.
(AP, 3/1/03)(SSFC, 3/23/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 1, In Poland
the year-old left-leaning government under PM Leszek Miller
collapsed after an emergency meeting between coalition partners
broke down in a bitter dispute sparked by a new tax plan.
(AP, 3/1/03)(SSFC, 3/2/03, A7)
2003 Mar 1, A small
plane crashed in central Russia, killing 11 people.
2003 Mar 1, In South
Korea some 100,000 older people held a pro-US rally in Seoul. Hours
later thousands of young people held an anti-US rally.
(SSFC, 3/2/03, A16)
2003 Mar 1, In central
Taiwan a train filled with tourists on a weekend outing overturned
while descending a mountain, killing 17 people and injuring 102.
2003 Mar 1, Turkey's
parliament failed to approve a bill allowing in American combat
troops to open a northern front against Iraq. Lawmakers voted
264-250 in favor of stationing US troops but that was 3 votes shy of
a constitutionally mandated simple majority.
(AP, 3/2/03)(AP, 3/1/08)
2003 Mar 1, The United Arab
Emirates called for Saddam Hussein to step down, the first Arab
country to do so publicly.
2004 Mar 1, US officials said
the United States has turned over seven Russian citizens who were
being held at the U.S. detention center at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
2004 Mar 1, The California
Supreme Court ruled a Roman Catholic charity had to offer
birth-control coverage to its employees.
2004 Mar 1, An explosion in an
unlicensed coal mine in northern China killed 28 miners.
2004 Mar 1, In Haiti rebels
rolled into the capital and were met by hundreds of residents
dancing in the streets and cheering the ouster of Pres.
Jean-Bertrand Aristide. U.S. Marines and French troops moved to take
control of the impoverished country as Aristide arrived in South
Africa. There were reports of reprisal killings.
(AP, 3/1/04)(WSJ, 3/2/04, p.A1)
2004 Mar 1, Jean-Bertrand
Aristide from the Central African Republic said in a telephone
interview that he was "forced to leave" Haiti by U.S. military
(AP, 3/1/04)(SFC, 3/02/04, p.A1)
2004 Mar 1, In eastern India a
motorboat packed with players and spectators heading to a cricket
match capsized, and police said 20 people were feared dead.
2004 Mar 1, Iraqi politicians
agreed on an interim constitution with 2 official languages, a wide
ranging bill of rights and a single chief executive, bridging a gulf
between members over the role of Islam in the future government.
(AP, 3/1/04)(WSJ, 3/2/04, p.A1)
2004 Mar 1, President Vladimir
Putin nominated Mikhail Fradkov, a former tax police chief who is
Russia's representative to the European Union, for the post of prime
2004 Mar 1, Kujo Krijestorac
(51), a key witness to the murder of Serbian PM Zoran Djindjic, was
gunned down near his Belgrade home.
2005 Mar 1, The US Supreme
Court ruled 5-4 that executing murderers under age 18 is
(SFC, 3/2/05, p.A1)
2005 Mar 1, Dennis Rader, the
churchgoing family man accused of leading a double life as the BTK
serial killer, was charged in Wichita, Kan., with 10 counts of
first-degree murder. Rader later pleaded guilty and received
multiple life sentences.
2005 Mar 1, In Congo UN
peacekeeping troops, backed by an attack helicopter, responded after
being fired on and killed up to 60 militants accused of terrorizing
villagers and killing nine Bangladeshi peacekeepers. Congo arrested
an eastern militia leader and 2 generals related to the peacekeeper
killings. Women fighters were among the 50 people killed by UN
troops under Dutch Gen. Patrick Cammaert. On April 12 the human
rights group Justice Plus listed names of several alleged civilian
victims from the raid in eastern Congo and said they "paid with
their life, while the mandate of the United Nations was to protect
(AP, 3/2/05)(WSJ, 3/2/05, p.A1)(Reuters,
3/5/05)(Econ, 3/12/05, p.49)(AP, 4/13/05)
2005 Mar 1, French journalist
Florence Aubenas, looking pale and distraught, appealed for help on
a video in her first since she went missing in Iraq on Jan. 5.
2005 Mar 1, In Guatemala City
some 8,000 protesters, most of them teachers, demonstrated in the
capital against a pending free-trade agreement between Central
America and the US.
2005 Mar 1, Indonesia reduced
subsidies on various fuels.
(Econ, 3/5/05, p.43)
2005 Mar 1, In northern
Baghdad's Azamyiah district gunmen killed judge Barwez Mohammed
Mahmoud (59) and his lawyer son, members of Iraq’s war crimes
(AP, 3/2/05)(SFC, 3/2/05, p.A12)
2005 Mar 1, Lebanon's president
took on the task of forming a new government, while opposition
leaders shook off the jubilation of using people power to force out
a pro-Syrian Cabinet.
2005 Mar 1, Palestinian leader
Mahmoud Abbas pledged to reform Palestinian security. Militants in
the West Bank town of Jenin issued a belligerent challenge to the
new Palestinian leadership's efforts to rein in militant groups,
shooting in the air and demanding that the visiting security chief,
Interior Minister Nasser Yousef, leave the area immediately.
2005 Mar 1, In Geneva, Switz.,
Edouard Stern, French financier and former Lazard banker, was found
dead in his home. Swiss police later arrested Cecile Brossard (36),
his French lover, who confessed to the sex-related killing of banker
Edouard Stern. During her trial in 2009 she said that she lost
control after Stern called her a whore. On June 18, 2009, Brossard
was sentenced to eight and a half years in prison.
(WSJ, 3/3/05, p.A1)(AP, 3/16/05)(WSJ, 4/14/05,
p.A1)(SFC, 6/15/09, p.A2)(AP, 6/18/09)
2005 Mar 1, Ukraine’s top
security body decided to Ukrainian troops from Iraq.
(SFC, 3/2/05, p.A12)
2005 Mar 1, Dr. Tabare Vazquez
(65) took office as Uruguay's first socialist president, joining the
ranks of left-leaning leaders in Latin America, now six in all,
governing a majority of the region's people with a cautious approach
to U.S.-backed free-market policies. In one of his first official
acts, he restored full diplomatic ties with communist Cuba, more
than two years after a diplomatic row divided the countries.
2006 Mar 1, President Bush, on
an unannounced visit to Afghanistan, vowed to stand by this emerging
democracy and "not cut and run" in the face of rising violence. He
also predicted Osama bin Laden would be captured despite a futile
2006 Mar 1, The Cape Town
Convention, aimed to cut the risk of financing the purchase or lease
of aircraft, became effective. It made it easier for creditors to
seize airplanes from deadbeat carriers.
(WSJ, 2/27/06, p.A4)
2006 Mar 1, A senior official
said authorities have regained control of Afghanistan's Policharki
prison after four days of rioting allegedly sparked by al-Qaida and
Taliban convicts. 6 inmates were killed in the revolt.
2006 Mar 1, Algeria said it
will release more than 2,000 Islamist ex-fighters soon under an
amnesty to promote reconciliation after years of conflict in the
2006 Mar 1, British police
charged three suspects in the $92 million robbery at a cash depot in
southeastern England, the world's largest known peacetime theft.
2006 Mar 1, Actor Jack Wild
(53), who'd played the Artful Dodger in the 1968 film "Oliver!,"
died in Bedfordshire, England.
2006 Mar 1, China moved ahead
with 3 new internet address suffixes in the Chinese language, as
national variants to .cn, .com and .net.
(Econ, 3/4/06, p.61)
2006 Mar 1, Congolese army
soldiers fighting alongside U.N. peacekeepers against ethnic
militiamen mutinied and ransacked a UN camp in the east of the vast
country. Hundreds of peacekeepers and thousands of government troops
have fought for three days to dislodge militia fighters from the
town of Tchei in northeastern Ituri district, where ethnic violence
has killed 60,000 people since 1999.
(Reuters, 3/1/06)(Reuters, 3/2/06)
2006 Mar 1, El Salvador became
the first Central American nation to join a regional free trade
agreement with the United States.
2006 Mar 1, Greek lawmakers
approved new legislation to lift a standing ban on cremation of the
2006 Mar 1, Two Haitian
security guards employed by the US Embassy were shot to death near
the American ambassador's official residence.
2006 Mar 1, In India tens of
thousands of Indians waving black and white flags and chanting
"Death to Bush!" rallied in New Delhi to protest a visit by
2006 Mar 1, In Iraq a car bomb
near a traffic police office in a primarily Shiite neighborhood in
southeast Baghdad killed at least 23 people and wounded 58. A bomb
hidden under a car detonated as a police patrol passed near downtown
Tahrir Square. 3 civilians died and 15 were wounded. Mortar shells
fell on 3 houses in the mixed Sunni-Shiite town of Mahmoudiya, 20
miles south of Baghdad, killing 3 civilians. A fifth mortar shell
slammed into the mixed Qadisiyah neighborhood in west Baghdad,
killing a woman and wounding a child. At least 47 people were killed
as sectarian and insurgent killings continued.
(AP, 3/1/06)(WSJ, 3/2/06, p.A1)
2006 Mar 1, It was reported
that Japan was on the verge of a shift in monetary policy. An end to
a policy of easy money, begun in 2001 to spur spending, was expected
to have a major effect on global financial markets as interest rates
got forced up.
(WSJ, 3/1/06, p.A1)
2006 Mar 1, Inmates of Juweideh
prison released Jordan's top prison official along with a half-dozen
police officers they had taken hostage, ending a 14-hour riot in 3
prisons that broke out over the fate of two convicted al-Qaida
2006 Mar 1, Kosovo PM Bajram
Kosumi resigned, days after the start of crucial talks on whether
the province will gain full independence or remain part of Serbia.
2006 Mar 1, Security forces in
western Nepal found 29 bodies of soldiers and suspected rebels at
the site of a fierce clash. Five insurgents were reported killed in
an accidental explosion.
2006 Mar 1, In Nigeria
militants released six foreign oil workers, including a diabetic
Texan celebrating his 69th birthday, taken captive last month to
press fighters' demands for a greater share of oil revenues
generated in this restive southern state.
2006 Mar 1, Pakistani security
forces backed by helicopter gunships struck a militant hide-out in a
tribal region near the Afghan border, killing 45 fighters, including
a Chechen commander linked to al-Qaida.
2006 Mar 1, Palestinian leaders
returned some $30 million of $46 million that the US donated
directly to the government and will send back the rest before the
militant Hamas organization takes over. The current government, led
by Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas' moderate Fatah Party, agreed
under US pressure to return about $46 million in unspent direct
donations. The Palestinian Authority gets about $1 billion of its
annual $1.9 billion budget from overseas donors, with European
nations the largest contributors.
2006 Mar 1, An explosion in a
car in Gaza City killed rocket maker Khaled Dahdouh (45), Islamic
Jihad's top military commander in the Gaza Strip. The Israeli
military, which carries out pinpointed attacks against militants in
the coastal strip, said it was not involved. Palestinian militants
shot and killed a Jewish settler traveling on a road near the
settlement of Tapuah.
2006 Mar 1, Russia reported
that some 495,000 birds had died from H5N1 bird flu in regions near
the Caspian and Black seas since Feb 3.
(SFC, 3/2/06, p.A6)
2007 Mar 1, The US Department
of Defense notified Congress that it plans to sell Taiwan missiles
worth $421 million dollars.
2007 Mar 1, The US Army general
in charge of Walter Reed Army Medical Center was relieved of command
after disclosures about dilapidated buildings and inadequate
treatment of wounded soldiers.
2007 Mar 1, An independent
commission concluded the US National Guard and Reserves weren't
getting enough money or equipment.
2007 Mar 1, The US military
announced that it has sent home two Afghans and three Tajikistani
detainees at Guantanamo Bay, leaving fewer that 400 prisoners at the
2007 Mar 1, Deborah Palfrey
(1956-2008) of Vallejo, Ca., was indicted in Washington DC for
running a $2 million prostitution ring. She threatened to sell
detailed phone records of her clients to pay for her defense. At
least 132 women were employed by her firm in the Washington area
from 1993-2006. On April 15, 2008, Palfrey was convicted of
racketeering and other charges.
(SFC, 3/3/07, p.B1)(SFC, 4/16/08, p.A2)
2007 Mar 1, Paul Joyal (53), a
US expert on Russian intelligence, was hit several times as he
returned home in Washington DC. The shooting came four days after
Joyal alleged in a major television network interview that the
government of Russian President Vladimir Putin was involved in the
radiation poisoning of a former KGB agent in London.
2007 Mar 1, A violent storm
system ripped apart an Alabama high school as students hunkered
inside and later tore through Georgia, hitting a hospital and
raising the death toll to at least 20 across the Midwest and
Southeast. Eight students died when a tornado struck Alabama’s
Enterprise High School.
2007 Mar 1, NASA said the
Cassini spacecraft has snapped never-before-seen images of Saturn
showing the planet from perspectives above and below its ring
2007 Mar 1, In western
Afghanistan a bomb targeting a provincial police chief's vehicle
killed two people and wounded 53. Authorities in Helmand province
found the bullet-riddled body of a kidnapped doctor.
2007 Mar 1, Argentine President
Nestor Kirchner trumpeted his government's performance on the
economy and human rights during his state-of-the-nation address, and
also defended his ties to Venezuelan leftist Hugo Chavez. Argentina
under Kirchner had begun doctoring inflation statistics to keep them
in single digits while the true rate this year rose to around 25%.
The government was able to save some $500 million in payments on
bonds linked to the consumer price index, but destroyed its
(AP, 3/1/07)(Econ, 9/27/08, p.49)
2007 Mar 1, Belarus dismissed
new financial sanctions imposed by the United States as politically
senseless. President Alexander Lukashenko said his country was ready
to normalize relations with Washington.
2007 Mar 1, Belgian
firefighters clashed with police, trading barrages from water
cannons during a chaotic demonstration near the nation's parliament,
injuring six people. The firefighters sought better working
conditions, earlier retirement and better compensation when they are
2007 Mar 1, In Brazil Slovenian
Martin Strel approached the halfway point of his attempt to swim the
entire length of the Amazon river, trying to avoid severe burns,
alligators and the dreaded bloodsucking toothpick fish.
2007 Mar 1, Britain confirmed
it will withdraw its more than 600 remaining troops from Bosnia as
concerns about security in the Balkan state ease.
2007 Mar 1, Cynthia Carroll
(49), former head of Canada’s Alcan Primary Metal Group, replaced
Tony Trahar as CEO of Anglo American, the world’s 2nd biggest mining
2007 Mar 1, In Colombia a car
bomb exploded in the southern city of Neiva, injuring 8 people in an
apparent assassination attempt of the town's pro-government mayor by
2007 Mar 1, In Denmark dozens
of people were arrested after angry protesters threw cobblestones at
police when an anti-terror squad started a disputed eviction of
squatters from a building in downtown Copenhagen.
2007 Mar 1, In northern
Ethiopia 15 European tourists were kidnapped in the Afar desert. The
ARDUF has been fighting for years against Ethiopia and Eritrea over
lands inhabited by ethnic Afar.
2007 Mar 1, EU officials
launched the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights, an effort to stamp
out intolerance in the 27-nation bloc under a crush of immigrants.
(SFC, 3/2/07, p.A14)
2007 Mar 1, In France, Germany
and Spain workers at Airbus revolted against massive cutbacks,
planning a strike next week in a warning to the company that its
recovery strategy is in for a long, tough haul.
2007 Mar 1, The environment
ministry in the state of Lower Saxony said a German man had obtained
enriched uranium and buried it in his garden, raising concerns about
the security of Germany's nuclear reactors.
2007 Mar 1, India’s government
approved a proposal to merge 4 state-owned air-carriers in order to
make them more competitive.
(Econ, 3/10/07, p.59)
2007 Mar 1, Surender Koli, an
Indian servant, confessed to killing and sexually assaulting at
least 19 children and women and stuffing their dismembered remains
into a storm drain outside the house where he worked.
2007 Mar 1, In Iraq one person
killed in a roadside bomb in Baghdad. Up to 5 guests were killed and
10 injured when a car bomb exploded at a police officer’s wedding in
Fallujah. An American Marine was killed in combat in Anbar province.
(AP, 3/1/07)(AP, 3/2/07)(SFC, 3/2/07, p.A8)
2007 Mar 1, PM Shinzo Abe said
there was no evidence Japan coerced Asian women into working as sex
slaves during World War II, backtracking from a landmark 1993
statement in which the government acknowledged that it set up and
ran brothels for its troops. A passenger train derailed in northern
Japan after slamming into a truck, leaving dozens injured including
25 high school students.
2007 Mar 1, Avalanches and
landslides in Kashmir forced Indian security teams to airlift
thousands of people to safe areas, while at least eight Pakistani
soldiers were feared dead after they were buried under a snowslide
near the Afghan border.
2007 Mar 1, Morocco’s King
Mohammed VI pardoned 8,836 prisoners to celebrate the birth of his
baby girl. Princess Lalla Salma gave birth to a baby girl a day
earlier. The king also reduced the sentences of 24,218 other
2007 Mar 1, North Korea's No. 2
leader pledged his country's commitment to giving up its nuclear
program amid intensifying diplomacy aimed at implementing
Pyongyang's pledge to disarm.
2007 Mar 1, Paraguay declared a
state of emergency following a wave of dengue fever cases as
concerns over the mosquito-borne illness rise across Latin America.
Health officials have reported some 14,000 cases of the disease this
year, with four deaths.
2007 Mar 1, In Peru church
bells rang and a sea of confetti fluttered through Lima's historical
central plaza at the stroke of noon, alerting Peruvians to
synchronize their watches at the start of a nationwide campaign to
2007 Mar 1, In Puerto Rico the
US attorney's office in San Juan announced that a US federal grand
jury indicted seven people in a case where terminally ill cancer
patients were allegedly injected with a bogus cure made from the
patients' own blood.
2007 Mar 1, President Vladimir
Putin nominated Ramzan Kadyrov, a widely feared security chief, as
the new president of Chechnya. Europe's human rights chief denounced
torture and other rampant abuses in the war-battered region.
Kadyrov, who previously had served as Chechnya's prime minister, has
run a security force that is accused of abducting and abusing
suspected rebels and civilians believed to be connected to them.
2007 Mar 1, Senegal officials
said President Abdoulaye Wade received 56 percent of the vote to
avoid a runoff and easily win re-election in this West African
2007 Mar 1, Singapore’s
American Chamber of Commerce said trade between Singapore and the
United States rose 19 percent in 2006 from the year before, the
second fastest growth rate among Washington's major trading
2007 Mar 1, An advance team of
an African peacekeeping force to Somalia arrived unannounced into
2007 Mar 1, Zambia's Lands
Minister Gladys Nyirongo acknowledged at a major conference on graft
in Africa that "Corruption is everywhere, in the villages,
wherever." Hours later she was sacked. President Levy Mwanawasa
said: "She gave land to herself, her two daughters, her sons and her
2007 Mar 1, Zimbabwe's central
bank introduced two new bank notes as it battles a four figure rate
of inflation that is rapidly eroding the value of the local
currency. Zimbabwe state media reported that the government has
admitted that state agents are jamming radio broadcasts by foreign
stations deemed hostile to President Robert Mugabe's government.
2008 Mar 1, It was reported
that 78% of Americans say they belong to the Christian tradition,
while 5% said they belong to other faiths.
(Econ, 3/1/08, p.34)
2008 Mar 1, In Emory, Texas, a
teenage girl joined her boyfriend and two others to help kill her
mother and 2 brothers (8,13). Her parents had demanded that she
break up with her boyfriend. Terry Caffey, the father, survived with
(SFC, 3/3/08, p.A4)
2008 Mar 1, In eastern
Afghanistan a roadside bomb struck a tractor, killing three people,
including a woman and a child, and wounding seven others.
2008 Mar 1, Algerian troops
called in helicopters and assaulted a hideout with rockets and
helicopter fire, killing 25 members of an al-Qaida affiliate in
2008 Mar 1, Armenian police
forcefully dispersed a demonstration by several hundred opposition
supporters who had camped out in the capital for more than a week to
protest the results of presidential elections. The violent protests
left eight dead and more than 100 injured and prompted President
Robert Kocharian to declare a sweeping, 20-day state of emergency.
(AP, 3/1/08)(AP, 3/2/08)
2008 Mar 1, In Australia up to
300,000 people lined Sydney's streets to watch the Gay and Lesbian
Mardi Gras, as the largest gay pride march in the Asia Pacific
region marked its 30th anniversary.
2008 Mar 1, BHP Billiton,
Melbourne-based mining giant, said it plans to invest $975 million
to upgrade and expand its thermal coal mines in South Africa to
sustain coal exports amid soaring coal prices.
2008 Mar 1, Colombia's defense
minister said security forces killed Raul Reyes (59), a leading
commander of the FARC rebel group, in combat and air strikes in
neighboring Ecuador. Reyes was the nom de guerre of Luis Edgar
Devia. 23 other rebels were also killed and a laptop computer was
seized with documents indicating a close relationship between the
rebels and Venezuela’s Pres. Chavez. Colombia later acknowledged
that an Ecuadorean was killed during the raid. It was later reported
that a computer memory stick was acquired in the raid that held the
names, aliases and identity numbers of 9,387 rebels, including some
(AP, 3/1/08)(AP, 3/5/08)(Econ, 3/8/08, p.43)(AP,
2008 Mar 1, A violent storm
plagued parts of Europe and deaths rose to 10 after two people in
Poland were killed by falling objects because of hurricane-strength
winds. Germany reported 2 deaths, the Czech Rep. 2 deaths and 4 more
2008 Mar 1, In Iraq 2 separate
attacks on buses of Shiites killed five people and wounded 11. The
US military said it had killed six insurgents and detained 13
suspects in the last 24 hours during operations against al-Qaida in
Iraq in central and northern Iraq.
2008 Mar 1, In Nepal some 1,300
makeshift bamboo huts were destroyed at the Goldhap refugee camp
before the blaze was brought under control. The fire left estimated
10,000 refugees without shelter.
2008 Mar 1, In Pakistan police
formally charged top Pakistani Taliban commander Baitullah Mehsud
with plotting the murder of Benazir Bhutto.
2008 Mar 1, Palestinians called
off peace talks with Israel after 33 Gazans, at least half of them
civilians, were killed in violence that escalated sharply during the
day. The death toll climbed as Israeli troops, backed by tanks and
aircraft, went after Palestinian militants who fired 40 rockets and
mortars at southern Israeli communities near Gaza. A total of 54
Palestinians, roughly half of them civilians, were killed in
fighting, the highest single-day death toll in more than seven years
of violence. Two Israeli soldiers also were killed.
(AP, 3/1/08)(AP, 3/2/08)
2008 Mar 1, In the Philippines
a bomb wounded two Filipino soldiers and four women at a bar near a
military camp on Jolo Island, where US troops were conducting
2008 Mar 1, In Spain thousands
of pro-hunting demonstrators blowing bugles and accompanied by
hunting dogs, thronged a boulevard in central Madrid to protest a
law restricting the use of lead shot.
2008 Mar 1, At least 69 nomads
and nine soldiers were killed were killed in clashes with forces
from the ex-rebel Sudan People's Liberation Army in southern Sudan.
2009 Mar 1, In eastern
Afghanistan a suicide car bomb blew up near US-led soldiers,
wounding six civilians outside Jalalabad. Attacks in Kandahar
province left seven security guards dead. The US-led coalition
killed four alleged militants in Kandahar.
2009 Mar 1, Bangladeshi police
charged more than 1,000 border guards with murder and arson after a
bloody mutiny in the capital left as many as 148 people dead or
missing, most of them army officers.
2009 Mar 1, China's lunar
probe, the Chang'e-1, named for a moon goddess, ended its
16-month life with a planned crash into the moon.
2009 Mar 1, Scores of Tibetan
monks in southwestern China marched in protest over the banning of a
prayer service, the latest incident in an apparent increase in acts
of defiance against Chinese rule ahead of sensitive anniversaries.
2009 Mar 1, Germany rejected
appeals for a single multibillion euro (dollar) bailout of eastern
Europe, even after Hungry begged EU leaders not to let a new "Iron
Curtain" divide the continent into rich and poor.
2009 Mar 1, An adviser to
Iran's president demanded an apology from a team of visiting
Hollywood actors and movie industry officials, including Annette
Bening, saying films such as "300" and "The Wrestler" were
"insulting" to Iranians. The film "300," portrays the battle of
Thermopylae in 480 B.C., in which a force of 300 Spartans held off a
massive Persian army at a mountain pass in Greece for three days. It
angered many Iranians for the way Persians are depicted as decadent,
sexually flamboyant and evil in contrast to the noble Greeks.
2009 Mar 1, In Iraq about 2,000
Shiites staged marches to protest the results of provincial
elections in tense Diyala province.
2009 Mar 1, Israel's attorney
general notified PM Ehud Olmert that he planned to indict him on
suspicion of illicitly taking cash-stuffed envelopes from a
Jewish-American businessman, a sensational case that turned public
opinion so sharply against the Israeli leader that he was forced to
2009 Mar 1, Officials said the
Malaysian government will issue a new decree restoring a ban on
Christian publications using the word "Allah" to refer to God.
2009 Mar 1, Mexican federal
police made two arrests and confiscated weapons and marijuana in
Tijuana, across the US border from San Diego, after coming under
attack by men linked to a drug cartel.
2009 Mar 1, In northwest
Pakistan at least eight people were killed in two suspected US
missile strikes in South Waziristan near to the border with
2009 Mar 1, Tony Blair paid his
first visit to the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip as envoy of international
peace brokers and said reconstruction aid after Israel's offensive
would not have a lasting effect without peace. Israel’s PM Ehud
Olmert threatened painful retaliation against Gaza militants for
rockets still hitting Israel, six weeks after its military halted an
offensive that was supposed to have stopped them for good.
(Reuters, 3/1/09)(AP, 3/1/09)
2009 Mar 1, Russia's ruling
party cemented its grip on elected posts with big victories in local
elections despite an economic crisis, but the opposition complained
of widespread cheating.
2009 Mar 1, In Spain Basque
voters chose a new government. Socialists scored big electoral gains
at the expense of nationalists who have held power there for nearly
30 years. The nationalist coalition with 37 seats fell one seat
short of the needed majority.
(AP, 3/1/09)(AP, 3/2/09)(SFC, 3/2/09, p.A2)
2009 Mar 1, In Sudan Riek
Machar, the vice president of the southern Sudan government, said
clashes last week between militia and local government troops in
Malakal killed at least 57 people and wounded nearly 100.
2009 Mar 1, In Thailand
Southeast Asian leaders (ASEAN) vowed to push ahead with ambitious
plans to become a European Union-style economic community by 2015
despite roadblocks posed by the global financial crisis and
Myanmar's dismal human rights record.
2010 Mar 1, The US Department
of Transportation furloughed nearly 2,000 employees without pay as
the government began to feel the impact of Republican Sen. Jim
Bunning's one-man blockage of legislation that would keep a host of
federal programs operating. Bunning's home state of Kentucky has no
projects affected by his action. Kentucky Republican Jim Bunning
relented March 2, freeing the Senate to approve stopgap legislation
extending for another month a host of programs, including highway
funding, health insurance subsidies for the unemployed and benefits
for the long-term jobless.
2010 Mar 1, General Motors Co.
said it is recalling 1.3 million Chevrolet and Pontiac compact cars
sold in the US, Canada and Mexico to fix power steering motors that
2010 Mar 1, In Detroit, Mi.,
Monica Botello (26) and her boyfriend Purcell Carson (26) were shot
to death in a slaying that was reported to a 911 dispatcher by
Botello’s daughter (9). On March 20 US marshals arrested Derrick
Smith (42) in Gardena, Ca., for the murders.
(SSFC, 3/21/10, p.A9)
2010 Mar 1, Afghanistan
announced a ban on news coverage of Taliban strikes, saying such
coverage only emboldened the Islamist militants. The move was
denounced by Afghan journalism and rights groups. Two blasts hours
apart killed at least six people in Kandahar. Four NATO service
members died in separate attacks, including a suicide car bomb that
targeted an international military convey as it crossed a bridge in
the Taliban-dominated south.
(AP, 3/1/10)(AFP, 3/1/10)
2010 Mar 1, In Australia about
5,200 naked people embraced each other on the steps of Sydney's
iconic Opera House for a photo shoot by Spencer Tunick.
2010 Mar 1, Daniel Houghton
(25), a former MI6 spy, was arrested after British intelligence
posed as the potential buyer of top secret files on intelligence
gathering techniques. Prosecutor Piers Arnold later said Houghton,
who is a dual Dutch and British national, is accused of copying top
secret files from the domestic agency MI5 to CD and DVDs while
working for the MI6 overseas intelligence service between September
2007 and May 2009. On Sep 3, 2010, Houghton was sentenced to one
year in prison. He was expected to walk free as he has already spent
184 days in custody.
(AP, 3/3/10)(AFP, 9/3/10)
2010 Mar 1, British insurer
Prudential PLC said it will buy the Asian unit of bailed out
American International Group Inc. in a deal worth $35.5 billion that
will allow AIG to pay back some of the money it owes US taxpayers.
2010 Mar 1, In China 11
newspapers took a rare stand against a Mao Zedong-era system blamed
for the wide gap between the country's rich and poor. Within hours
their jointly signed editorial had largely disappeared online. 11
newspapers published a joint editorial calling on the National
People’s Congress (NPC) to scrap the hukou system, which was
originally intended to stop rural migrants flowing into the cities.
(AP, 3/2/10)(Econ, 5/8/10, p.26)
2010 Mar 1, In China Toyota
President Akio Toyoda apologized in Beijing to Chinese customers for
the company's quality problems and emphasized the importance of the
fast-growing market to his company.
2010 Mar 1, Chinese rescuers
worked to save 31 coal miners trapped underground by a flood at the
Luotoushan, or Camel Head Mountain, coal mine in Wuhai city in
northern Inner Mongolia. One miner was reported killed. On May 2
state news agency Xinhua reported that emergency workers have
recovered 28 bodies from the mine in China's Inner Mongolia region
that flooded in early-March. 3 people were still missing.
(AP, 3/1/10)(AP, 3/2/10)(AFP, 5/2/10)
2010 Mar 1, The European Union
urged Greece to take extra austerity measures within days to tackle
a debt crisis that has shaken the euro zone and promised to help
Athens overcome the problem.
2010 Mar 1, France and Russia
pursued their burgeoning courtship with a formal state visit by
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev to Paris, which is angling to sell
Moscow a massive warship and secure stakes in pipelines pumping
Russian gas to western Europe.
2010 Mar 1, Georgia and Russia
reopened their only direct border crossing, more than three years
after it was closed amid rising tension that erupted into war in
2010 Mar 1, In southern India
nearly 3000 Muslims protested a newspaper article they say was
critical of Islam, clashing with police and leaving at least two
people dead and dozens injured in Shimoga, Karnataka state.
2010 Mar 1, In Iran editor
Behrouz Behzadi of the Etemaad daily said his newspaper was banned
by the Press Supervisory Board. The order cited article six of the
press law without elaborating. That article allows newspapers to be
closed for offenses from security violations to insulting articles.
A weekly called Irandokht was also closed down. One of its editors
was arrested last month. Iranian media said six journalists and
opposition activists held for suspected involvement in the country's
postelection turmoil have been released on bail. Jafar Panahi (49),
an internationally acclaimed filmmaker, was taken into custody along
with another person who was in his company. Panahi was released on
bail on May 25. In December Panahi was sentenced to 6 years in
prison and barred from making films or participating in political
activities for two decades.
(AP, 3/1/10)(AP, 3/2/10)(AP, 5/25/10)(SFC,
2010 Mar 1, Niger coup chief
Maj. Salou Djibou signed a decree appointing 20 ministers. Five of
the posts went to women and five to officers.
2010 Mar 1, In Nigeria a
spokesman said police detained 17 officers over the weekend for
questioning after the Al-Jazeera news channel aired a video on Feb 9
showing uniformed men executing people in Boko Haram town where
religious rioting left 700 people dead last year. Gunmen attacked a
van carrying 21 people working for the network's SuperSport channels
after the crew filmed a soccer match in the Niger Delta. One of
three kidnapped sports journalists escaped his captors.
(AP, 3/1/10)(AP, 3/4/10)
2010 Mar 1, Pakistani militants
attacked a tanker carrying fuel to NATO and US forces in
Afghanistan. One insurgent was killed and the tanker was destroyed.
2010 Mar 1, A World Food
Program spokesman militants in Somalia are preventing food from
reaching more than 366,000 people who need it, following a statement
by Islamists that aid agencies were helping "apostates" in the
war-ravaged Horn of Africa nation.
2010 Mar 1, Somali pirates
hijacked a Saudi tanker in the Gulf of Aden. The Al Nisr Al Saudi
usually carried fuel oil but was empty when it was taken with 14
crew onboard. NATO said one of its destroyers sank a pirate
mothership off the Somali coast. Pirate crew members were
transferred to a smaller boat and allowed to return to the mainland.
(AP, 3/3/10)(SFC, 3/2/10, p.A2)(SFC, 3/4/10,
2010 Mar 1, Ukraine’s Pres.
Viktor Yanukovych visited Brussels saying "Our priorities will
include integration into the European Union, bringing up
constructive relations with the Russian Federation, and developing
friendly relations with strategic partners such as the United
2010 Mar 1, A Yemen government
raid left Ali Saleh al-Hadi, a southern activist, his wife and three
children dead during an ongoing crackdown on southern separatists.
2010 Mar 1, A UN source said
hundreds of civilians were feared to have died last week in a surge
of fighting between the Sudanese army and rebels in the turbulent
2010 Mar 1, A Russian human
rights group said the government of Uzbekistan has falsely accused
about 200 people of killing officials and plotting a coup in the
authoritarian Central Asian nation.
2010 Mar 1, In Uruguay Jose
Mujica (74) took the presidential oath of office.
(SFC, 3/2/10, p.A2)
2010 Mar 1, In Zimbabwe a new
law took effect, giving companies valued at more than 500,000 US
dollars 45 days to inform the government of the racial make-up of
their shareholders. The main labor body said the new law,
requiring locals to own 51 percent of major foreign firms, could
hurt the nation's economic recovery.
2011 Mar 1, US Immigration and
Customs Enforcement said federal agents working with state and local
authorities have arrested 678 people in 168 cities from December to
February. It was part of a 5-year effort aimed at street gangs with
ties to Mexican drug cartels and other drug traffickers.
(SFC, 3/1/11, p.A4)
2011 Mar 1, In Afghanistan an
insurgent attack killed a NATO service member in the south.
Residents in Ghazni burned blankets, clothing and other items that
they said coalition troops had distributed in the city a day
earlier. 9 young children died in a NATO strike as they collected
firewood in Darah-Ye Pech district of northeastern Kunar province.
The incident happened after an insurgent rocket attack on a military
base prompted coalition forces to return fire.
(AP, 3/1/11)(AP, 3/2/11)
2011 Mar 1, China told
journalists they must "cooperate" with police and respect the
country's laws, after several foreign reporters were roughed up in a
crackdown on calls for anti-government rallies. The government
blamed foreign reporters for a weekend ruckus with police who tried
to prevent them covering a planned protest in Beijing, as rights
groups slammed China for curtailing press freedoms.
(AFP, 3/1/11)(Reuters, 3/1/11)
2011 Mar 1, China’s National
Museum in Beijing re-opened following a nearly 4-year refurbishment
that cost some 2.5 billion yuan.
2011 Mar 1, In Colombia over a
dozen attackers firing assault rifles killed four police officers
and two other people in robbing a cash shipment that had just
arrived by helicopter in the southwestern city of Caloto. Presumed
rebels killed a soldier and a civilian motorcycle rider in an attack
on a military checkpoint just minutes before a convoy carrying US
and UN officials passed by in the Uraba region of Antioquia.
2011 Mar 1, The European Court
of Justice said insurers must stop setting prices based on gender,
in a move that could raise costs for women drivers, cut male
pensions, and prompt more legal challenges to insurance pricing
2011 Mar 1, French fashion
house Christian Dior said John Galliano has been immediately laid
off, just days after he was suspended as its creative director
pending an investigation into an alleged anti-Semitic incident in a
Paris cafe last week.
2011 Mar 1, German Defense
Minister Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg resigned after admitting to
copying part of a doctoral dissertation, stunning Angela Merkel and
depriving her conservatives of their brightest star.
2011 Mar 1, Volkswagen showed a
concept version of its iconic microbus van, known by its German
nickname, the Bulli, at the Geneva Auto Show. Among the six-seater's
modern twists: It's powered by an electric motor and uses an iPad to
control the entertainment system, climate control and other
2011 Mar 1, Iran's security
forces fired teargas and clashed with opposition supporters in
Tehran, where demonstrators rallied to demand the release of two
opposition leaders. The opposition said at least 79 people were
arrested at the protest rallies, which the government denied had
taken place at all. Iranian diplomat Ahmed Maleki, who defected last
month, said that Iran's leaders would rather "slaughter" their own
people than surrender power to any popular revolt inspired by
uprisings across the Arab world.
2011 Mar 1, Suspected Jewish
settlers smashed the windows of 7 Palestinian cars and threw a fire
bomb at a Palestinian house in the West Bank.
2011 Mar 1, Libyan leader
Muammar Gaddafi dispatched forces to a western border area in
defiance of Western military and economic pressure. Residents of
Zawiya, the rebel-held city closest to Tripoli, passed out sweets
and cold drinks to fighters and celebrated with a victory march
after they managed to repel an overnight attack by forces loyal to
Gadhafi. At least 1,000 people were feared dead in the bloody
crackdown on anti-government protesters.
(Reuters, 3/1/11)(AP, 3/1/11)(AFP, 3/1/11)
2011 Mar 1, The UN refugee
agency said that the situation on Libya's border with Tunisia is
reaching a crisis point after 70,000 to 75,000 people fled from the
violence in Libya since February 20.
2011 Mar 1, Malta said it was
refusing to return two Libyan fighter jets that landed on the island
last week after their pilots defected.
2011 Mar 1, Mexican soldiers
and police rescued former Tierra Blanca mayor Alfredo Osorio from
kidnappers in eastern Mexico. He had been kidnapped a day earlier. A
search continued for Tampico Alto Mayor Saturnino Valdes, kidnapped
on Feb 23. Soldiers unearthed 17 bodies buried in two clandestine
graves in the southern state of Guerrero and authorities said they
were searching for more. Police found four bodies dumped along a
highway connecting Acapulco to Mexico City. Another four people,
including a couple shot to death inside the hotel they managed in
the coastal town of Atoyac de Alvarez, were killed in three separate
attacks in Guerrero. In Tamaulipas state Mexican marines killed
eight gunmen. Gunmen in Michoacan state killed Tanhuato police chief
2011 Mar 1, Oman deployed
troops north of the capital Muscat and near the border with the
United Arab Emirates, following three straight days of
2011 Mar 1, Pakistan hiked oil
prices by 9.9%, a move that threatens the stability of the fragile,
US-allied civilian government at a time of economic turmoil in the
2011 Mar 1, Spain announced it
had narrowly beaten its target for slashing the public deficit in
2010, critical to the eurozone's fourth largest economy regaining
confidence in world financial markets.
2011 Mar 1, Spanish police
arrested four suspected members of the armed Basque separatist group
ETA they believe may have been behind several attacks in recent
2011 Mar 1, Swedish carmaker
SAAB, now owned by Spyker Cars, showed off its new PhoeniX prototype
at the Geneva motor show.
(Econ, 4/9/11, p.72)(http://tinyurl.com/3bmnxnx)
2011 Mar 1, In Sudan fresh
clashes broke out in the Abyei region between gunmen from the
northern-supported nomadic Arab Misseriya people and local the Ngok
Dinka tribe, who backed the south.
(AP, 3/2/11)(Econ, 5/28/11, p.54)
2011 Mar 1, Taiwan and China
have cooperated as Taiwan’s coast guard personnel rescued a
businessman, surnamed Hsia (40), on an uninhabited Taiwanese islet
after his kidnappers deposited him there. He was kidnapped in the
southern Chinese city of Guangzhou in early January and held for a
$3.3 million ransom.
2011 Mar 1, The UN General
Assembly suspended Libya from its top human rights body as
governments worldwide pressured Moammar Gadhafi to halt the deadly
crackdown on his people. It is the first time any country has been
suspended from the 47-member council since it was formed in 2006.
2011 Mar 1, The UN Refugee
Agency said the Uganda-based Lord’s Resistance Army has killed 35
people and displaced over 1700 since January.
(SFC, 3/2/11, p.A2)
2011 Mar 1, Yemen's embattled
US-backed Pres. Ali Abdullah Saleh accused Washington of instigating
protests against his regime, as hundreds of thousands marched in
cities across Yemen in the largest rallies yet seeking the longtime
ruler's ouster. Saleh sacked the governors of five provinces where
anti-regime protests have been raging for more than a month. Abdul
Majid al-Zindani, a radical cleric and opposition figure, joined the
(AP, 3/1/11)(AFP, 3/1/11)(Econ, 3/5/11, p.53)
2011 Mar 1, Zimbabwean police
and troops put on a show of force in the capital amid calls for
protests against Pres. Mugabe, the longtime authoritarian ruler.
2012 Mar 1, A US Coast Guard
helicopter crashed in Mobile Bay near Point Clear, Alabama. 4 crew
members were killed and one remained missing.
(SFC, 3/3/12, p.A5)
2012 Mar 1, Maryland Gov.
Martin O’Malley signed into a law a bill to legalize same-sex
(SFC, 3/2/12, p.A8)
2012 Mar 1, In Ohio an adoptive
father was charged with raping three boys in his care and compelling
prostitution by hiring the 10-year-old out for sex. He and two other
men remained in jail on rape charges.
2012 Mar 1, Andrew Breitbart
(43), the outspoken conservative writer, activist and website
operator, died unexpectedly in Los Angeles.
2012 Mar 1, In Afghan 2
American soldiers were killed by Afghan colleagues in Kandahar
province, the latest in a series of such attacks after the burning
of the Koran at a US base sparked widespread violent protests.
2012 Mar 1, In Bolivia at least
30 people were injured following two day of fighting between two
communities over land for growing quinoa, the Andean "supergrain"
whose popularity with worldwide foodies has caused its price to
soar. The combatants in Oruro state reportedly used rocks and
dynamite against each other.
2012 Mar 1, Britain’s Financial
Services Authority (FSA) regulator said 3 people have been arrested
and are being held in custody in relation to an insider-dealing
2012 Mar 1, British police
investigating the bribing of public officials by journalists
arrested Virginia Wheeler (32), the defense editor of Rupert
Murdoch's British tabloid The Sun, on suspicion of corruption.
2012 Mar 1, Chinese state press
said Chen Quanguo, China’s top leader in Tibet, has ordered
increased controls over the Internet and mobile phones, ahead of
upcoming sensitive anniversaries in the restive region.
2012 Mar 1, The European Union
formally granted Serbia the status of a candidate for membership in
the bloc during their summit in recognition of its government's
efforts to round up war crimes suspects and normalize relations with
Kosovo, its former province.
2012 Mar 1, The International
Criminal Court said it has issued an arrest warrant for Sudanese
Defense Minister Abdelrahim Mohamed Hussein (60) for crimes against
the civilian population in Darfur.
2012 Mar 1, In Iraq American
gym teacher Jeremiah Small was shot and killed at a school in
Sulaimaniyah in the northern Kurdish region. Student Biyar Sarwar
(18) pulled out a gun and shot the teacher. Sarwar shot and killed
himself as his terrified classmates fled the room.
(AP, 3/1/12)(SFC, 3/2/12, p.A2)
2012 Mar 1, In Malaysia Dominic
Jude Christopher Bird (32), a truck driver Perth, Western Australia,
was arrested in Kuala Lumpur in possession of 225 grams (7.9 ounces)
of methamphetamine. He faced a possible death sentence.
2012 Mar 1, Supporters of
Maldives' former president prevented the country's new leader from
opening Parliament and protested in the streets, three weeks after
he took office in a contentious power transfer.
2012 Mar 1, In Nigeria gunmen
shot and killed the four policemen as they were patrolling waterways
in Bayelsa. The armed militant group MEND soon claimed
2012 Mar 1, The Philippines
Bureau of Internal Revenue filed a complaint after boxer Manny
Pacquiao failed to submit tax documents despite three notices and a
2012 Mar 1, In the Philippines
Moro Islamic Liberation Front rebel leader Mohagher Iqbal said that
the three commanders on southern Basilan island were suspended for
three months after an investigation by Malaysian-led peace monitors
found they violated a cease-fire accord with the government. The
commanders involved in an October clash that killed 19 soldiers and
endangered a years-long cease-fire.
2012 Mar 1, Russia's top
investigative agency said it has launched a probe regarding videos
that have shown up on Internet purporting to show fraud taking place
during the country's presidential election, even though it hasn't
taken place yet.
2012 Mar 1, Rwandan opposition
leader Charles Ntakirutinka vowed to remain critical President Paul
Kagame's government as he walked free at the end of a 10-year prison
sentence for incitement.
2012 Mar 1, In South Africa
fiery youth leader Julius Malema vowed to keep fighting after the
ruling ANC expelled him in a dramatic move seen as clearing an
obstacle to President Jacob Zuma's reelection.
2012 Mar 1, South Sudan
officials said Sudanese fighter jets have bombed oil and water wells
deep inside South Sudan and its ground troops have crossed into
contested oil-rich border regions. Khartoum swiftly denied the
2012 Mar 1, Syrian rebels
retreated from the Baba Amr neighborhood in Homs that they had held
for months, saying they were running out of weapons and humanitarian
conditions were catastrophic after almost four weeks of government
2012 Mar 1, The opposition
Syrian National Council said it wanted to organize weapons
deliveries to Syrian rebels and was uniting armed factions fighting
against President Bashar al-Assad's regime. Kuwait's parliament
joined the call for arming the rebels, adopting a non-binding
resolution urging the oil-rich Gulf state to supply weapons to the
opposition and to sever diplomatic ties with Damascus.
2012 Mar 1, Members of the UN
Human Rights Council voted 37 in favor and three against a
resolution proposed by Turkey that calls on Syria to immediately
stop all attacks on civilians and grant unhindered access to aid
groups. Russia, China and Cuba objected to the resolution.
2012 Mar 1, Hundreds of Yemeni
soldiers staged protests at several military institutions across the
country demanding the departure of their chiefs, whom they accuse of
2013 Mar 1, Pres. Obama signed
an order that started putting mandatory spending cuts (the
sequester) into effect. The sequester was originally designed to
slice $1.2 trillion from spending over a decade.
(Reuters, 3/2/13)(Econ, 3/2/13, p.27)
2013 Mar 1, The SpaceX
commercial craft ran into thruster trouble shortly after liftoff.
The Dragon capsule bound at the Int’l. Space Station arrived on
March 3 delivering a ton of supplies.
(SFC, 3/2/13, p.A4)(SFC, 3/4/13, p.A5)
2013 Mar 1, In Santa Clara
County, Ca., supervisor George Shirakawa Jr. (51) said he was
resigning after prosecutors filed felony charges alleging he stole
public money and nearly $100,000 in campaign contributions to
finance a gambling habit.
(SFC, 3/2/13, p.C1)
2013 Mar 1, In Seffner,
Florida, a massive sinkhole swallowed Jeff Bush (37) as the hole
opened under his bedroom. Five others in the house were unharmed.
(SFC, 3/2/13, p.A4)
2013 Mar 1, Argentina’s Pres.
Cristina Fernandez authorized a compromise offer of a new debt swap
to comply with a $1.3 billion cash judgment to resolve debts unpaid
for over a decade. A NY court ordered Argentina to explain how it
would issue new bonds rather than comply with the order for cash
(SFC, 3/2/13, p.A2)
2013 Mar 1, A senior Bahrain
prosecutor said an appeals court has overturned the acquittal and
sentenced the daughter of a jailed opposition leader to three months
in prison. Zainab al-Khawaja was convicted of insulting a public
2013 Mar 1, In Bangladesh
protesters clashed for a 2nd day as the death toll rose to 44 in
violence triggered by a death sentence given to Delwar Hossain
Sayedee, a top leader of the Jamaat-e-Islami party.
(SFC, 3/2/13, p.A2)
2013 Mar 1, Britain’s Food
Standards Agency said traces of horse meat has been found in ground
beef sold by Taco Bell, which has only three British outlets. Horse
DNA also was found in Birds Eye spaghetti Bolognese and beef lasagna
and spicy minced beef skewers from catering supplier Brakes.
2013 Mar 1, Andrey Borodin
(45), former head of Russia's fifth largest bank, told a Russian
newspaper his application for asylum has been granted in Britain
after an application by his lawyers on the grounds that he faced
political persecution in Russia. Borodin fled Russia in March, 2011.
2013 Mar 1, Chadian President
Idriss Deby announced that government troops fighting to dislodge an
al-Qaida affiliate in northern Mali killed one of the group's
leading commanders, Abdelhamid Abou Zeid. On March 23 France
confirmed Zeid’s death and said he was killed in operations in the
Adrar des Ifoghas mountains in northern Mali in late February.
(AP, 3/1/13)(AP, 3/23/13)
2013 Mar 1, China’s State
Council spelled out fresh curbs on property speculation, sending the
housing market into a tizzy.
(Econ, 3/9/13, p.74)
2013 Mar 1, China executed four
foreigners for killing 13 Chinese sailors in an attack on the Mekong
River on Oct 5, 2011, following a live nationwide broadcast showing
them being led to their deaths.
2013 Mar 1, Fighting erupted in
eastern Congo between two factions of the M23 rebel group. An
estimated 23 people died in the fighting, according to an officer
with the main part of M23. The Congolese army entered Kiwanja, a
town that was run by M23 rebels for more than six months. Doctors
Without Borders said that more than 55 civilians have been killed in
fighting in another town in Congo's east, Kitchanga, where 135
people have been wounded.
(AP, 3/1/13)(AP, 3/2/13)
2013 Mar 1, In Egypt
dozens of Muslim residents threw firebombs and rocks at police as
they tried to storm a church in southern Egypt in search of a woman
suspected of converting to Christianity in the town of Kom Ombo.
Tensions rose after a 36 year-old Muslim woman, who has been missing
for five days, was allegedly seen outside the church with a female
Christian friend a day earlier.
2013 Mar 1, Iraq's Sunni
Finance Minister Rafia al-Issawi announced during a protest in the
western city of Ramadi that he will resign from the government,
heightening the country's political crisis. 2 car bombs struck a
livestock market south of Baghdad, killing five and wounding dozens
2013 Mar 1, In Israel Abraham
Kabeto Ketla of Ethiopia won the third Jerusalem marathon, setting a
record for the race. About 20,000 runners took part despite protests
2013 Mar 1, In Japan US Seaman
Christopher Browning (24), of Athens, Texas, and Petty Officer 3rd
Class Skyler Dozierwalker (23), of Muskogee, Oklahoma, were found
guilty by the Naha District Court of raping and robbing a woman in
her 20s in a parking lot in October. Both admitted committing the
crime. Browning was sentenced to 10 years and Dozierwalker received
2013 Mar 1, Ethnic Macedonians
kicked off the protests in Skopje, angry at the appointment of an
ethnic Albanian defense minister, a former rebel commander during
the 2001 conflict that pitted the country's two main ethnic groups
against each other.
2013 Mar 1, In eastern Malaysia
14 people were killed in a shootout as authorities tried to end a
three-week standoff with about 200 members of a Filipino clan
occupying a village in Sabah state.
2013 Mar 1, A Dutch court
convicted Yvonne Basebya (66), a Rwandan-born Dutch woman, of
inciting genocide in Rwanda's 1994 mass murders of ethnic Tutsis by
members of the Hutu tribe — the first conviction of a Dutch citizen
for the crime. She was sentenced to six years and eight months in
prison for her role.
2013 Mar 1, Ending his
unexpected round of basketball diplomacy in North Korea, ex-NBA star
Dennis Rodman called leader Kim Jong Un an "awesome guy" and said
his father and grandfather were "great leaders."
2013 Mar 1, In southwest
Pakistan gunmen on a motorcycle shot and killed reporter Mahmood
Ahmed Afridi as he walked to a press club in the town of Kalat.
2013 Mar 1, Palestinians
clashed with Israeli troops during rallies across the West Bank in
support of hunger-striking Palestinian prisoners and against
Israel's security barrier.
2013 Mar 1, Ayman Abu-Sufian
(40) a Palestinian man, died in Palestinian custody in the West Bank
two days after being detained on assault charges. Authorities there
launched an investigation.
(AP, 3/2/13)(SSFC, 3/3/13, p.A5)
2013 Mar 1, In Poland
Lech Walesa said in a television interview that he believes gays
have no right to sit on the front benches in Parliament and, if
represented at all, should sit in the back, "and even behind a
2013 Mar 1, In Somalia a
suicide bomber detonated explosives inside a seaside restaurant in
Mogadishu, killing himself and one diner. A car bomb was also
remotely detonated at the restaurant's gates.
2013 Mar 1, The Spanish
government said it will challenge a recent declaration by lawmakers
in Catalonia that the region is a sovereign entity.
2013 Mar 1, The chief of Syrian
rebel forces said that his fighters are in "desperate" need of
weapons and ammunition rather than the food supplies and bandages
that the US now plans to provide. Government forces fought fierce
clashes with rebels attacking a police academy near Aleppo, while
the bodies of 10 men — most of them shot in the head — were found
dumped along the side of a road outside Damascus. State news said
that government troops defending the school had killed dozens of
opposition fighters and destroyed five rebel vehicles.
2014 Mar 1, In Nevada a US
fighter jet crashed during a training exercise because of a snow
storm in mountainous terrain. The pilot was later identified as
Marine Capt. Reid Nannen (32).
(SFC, 3/3/14, p.A6)(SFC, 3/10/14, p.A6)
2014 Mar 1, The International
Monetary Fund (IMF) said it has agreed to provide a 331 million
euros ($457 million) loan over three years to support Albania's
2014 Mar 1, Algerian police
used clubs to break up a small demonstration by some opposed to
President Abdelaziz Bouteflika's decision to run for a fourth term
in elections next month. The Algerian army shot dead an Islamist in
a mountainous region east of Algiers in an area between Tizi-Ouzou
(AP, 3/1/14)(AFP, 3/2/14)
2014 Mar 1, In southwestern
China a group of knife-wielding men attacked the Kunming Railway
Station in Yunnan province. The rampage killed 29 people and wounded
143. Police fatally shot four of the assailants, putting the overall
death toll at 33. Xinjiang separatist forces were blamed. The
Ministry of Public Security later said a "terrorist gang" of six men
and two women led by a person identified as Abdurehim Kurban was
responsible for the attack. 4 attackers were killed and 4 faced
(AP, 3/1/14)(AP, 3/2/14)(AP, 3/3/14)(Reuters,
2014 Mar 1, In China a crash in
the Yanhou Tunnel in Shaanxi province involved more than 40
vehicles, including those carrying hazardous materials. At least 31
people were killed and a resulting fire burned for three days.
2014 Mar 1, In Egypt the
youngest son of ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi was
detained by police on suspicion of drug possession.
2014 Mar 1, French filmmaker
Alain Resnais (91) died. His cryptic "Last Year at Marianbad"
(1961) extended its influence across generations. His films included
the acclaimed "Hiroshima Mon Amour" (1959) and most recently "Life
of Riley," honored at the Berlin Film Festival just weeks ago.
2014 Mar 1, Israeli troops
close to the border shot dead Amena Atiyyeh Qdeih (57), a mentally
ill Gazan woman, near to the southern city of Khan Yunis.
2014 Mar 1, Hundreds rallied in
Tokyo to protest Japanese prosecutors' decision to drop charges over
the Fukushima nuclear crisis, with no one yet punished nearly three
years after the "man-made" disaster.
2014 Mar 1, Japan pledged more
than $200 million in aid to help the Palestinian Authority, as
representatives in Indonesia from 22 nations reiterated their
support of the Palestinians' quest for their own state.
2014 Feb, In the Netherlands
the Allard Pierson museum opened the "Crimea — Gold and secrets of
the Black Sea" exhibition. In April curators said they are not sure
where to return the objects on display when it ends in August due to
Russia’s takeover of Crimea.
2014 Mar 1, In Nigeria twin car
bombs at a bustling city marketplace in Maiduguri blasted buildings
to rubble and tore apart bodies. An attack on the Mainok farming
village razed every thatched-roof hut and left at least 51 dead.
Over 100 people were reported altogether.
(AP, 3/2/14)(SFC, 3/3/14, p.A4)
2014 Mar 1, In northwest
Pakistan militants killed 12 members of the security escort for a
polio vaccination team, detonating a roadside bomb before opening
fire on their convoy. In western Baluchistan province a roadside
bomb killed 3 members of a government paramilitary force in Sorab.
Shortly afterwards, the paramilitary Frontier Corps announced it had
killed 10 men in Sui, 300 km southeast of Quetta.
2014 Mar 1, The Pakistani
Taliban announced that the group will observe a one-month cease-fire
as part of efforts to negotiate a peace deal with the government,
throwing new life into a foundering peace process.
2014 Mar 1, Russia's parliament
granted Pres. Vladimir Putin permission to use the country's
military in Ukraine and also recommended that Moscow's ambassador be
recalled from Washington over comments made by Pres. Obama.
Ukrainian PM Arseny Yatsenyuk opened a Cabinet meeting in Kiev by
calling on Russia not to provoke discord in Crimea.
2014 Mar 1, Sergei Aksyonov,
the pro-Russian prime minister of Ukraine's Crimea region, claimed
control of the military and police there and appealed to Russia's
President Vladimir Putin for help in keeping peace.
2014 Mar 1, In Spain armed
Basque separatist group ETA pledged to give up all its weapons but
warned the government that any attack or obstacle could impact
negatively on the disarmament process.
2014 Mar 1, In northwest Syria
government airstrikes killed at least 13 people in Kfar Takharim,
Go to March 2