Today in History - March 1

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1BCE    Mar 1, Start of the revised Julian calendar in Rome.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

293        Mar 1, Roman emperor Maximianus introduced tetrarchy.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

492        Mar 1, St. Felix III ended his reign as Catholic Pope.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
492        Mar 1, St Gelasius I began his reign as Catholic Pope (492-496).
    (PTA, 1980, p.98)(SC, 3/1/02)

589        Mar 1, Saint David (b.~500), Welsh Bishop, died about this time. He was later regarded as a saint and as the patron saint of Wales. The Annales Cambriae has his death at 601, which would move his birth date forward. His mother was Non (also Nonna or Nonnita), according to Christian tradition.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_David)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Non)

705        Mar 1, John VII began his reign as Catholic Pope.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

743        Mar 1, Slave export by Christians to heathen areas was prohibited.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

772        Mar 1, Po Tjiu-I (Bai Juyi), Chinese poet (d.846), Governor of Hang-tsjow, was born. His work included the narrative poem "Song of the Pipa," which protested the social evils of his day.
    (WSJ, 3/17/00, p.W2)(SC, 3/1/02)

918        Mar 1, Balderik became bishop of Utrecht.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

965        Mar 1, Leo VIII, Italian (anti-)Pope (963-65), died.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1131        Mar 1, Stephen II, King of Hungary (1116-31), died.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1260        Mar 1, Hulagu Khan, grandson of Genghis, conquered Damascus.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1382        Mar 1, French Maillotin rose up against taxes.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1420        Mar 1, Pope Martinus I called for a crusade against the Hussieten (Bohemia).
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1434        Mar 1, Jacoba of Bavaria married Frank van Borselen.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1501      Mar 1, Lithuania and Livonia established a 10-year union for protection against Russia.
    (LHC, 3/1/03)

1581          Mar 1,The Warsaw government accepted the statutes of the Lithuanian high tribunal.
    (LHC, 3/1/03)

1642        Mar 1, Georgeana (York), Maine, became the first American city to incorporate.
    (HN, 3/1/98)(SC, 3/1/02)

1456        Mar 1, Wladyslaw Jagiello, king of Bohemia (1471-1516), Hungary (1490-1516), was born.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1562        Mar 1, Blood bath at Vassy; General de Guise allowed the murder of 1200 Huguenots. The Guises massacred more than 60 Huguenots at a Protestant service at Vassy and sparked off The Wars of Religion in France.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.20)(SC, 3/1/02)

1579        Mar 1, Sir Francis Drake waylaid a Spanish treasure galleon, the Nuestra Senora de la Concepcion, off the coast of Panama.
    (ON, 7/03, p.7)

1633        Mar 1, George Herbert (b.1593), Welsh-born priest and poet, died. In 2013 John Drury authored “Music at Midnight: The Life and Poetry of George Herbert."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Herbert)(Econ, 8/31/13, p.72)

1692         Mar 1, Sarah Goode, Sarah Osborne and Tituba were arrested for the supposed practice of witchcraft in Salem, Mass.
    (HN, 3/1/98)

1565        Mar 1, Spanish occupier Estacio de Sá founded Rio de Janeiro. He destroyed the existing French colony.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.21)(SC, 3/1/02)

1587        Mar 1, Peter Wentworth, English parliament leader, was confined in London Tower. [see Mar 12]
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1591        Mar 1, Pope Gregory XIV threatened to excommunicate French king Henri IV.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1619        Mar 1, Thomas Campion (53), English physician, composer, poet (Poemata), died.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1634        Mar 1, Battle at Smolensk; Polish King Wladyslaw IV beat the Russians. [see Feb 19]
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1643        Mar 1, Girolamo Frescobaldi (59), Italian composer, organist, died.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1711        Mar 1, "The Spectator" began publishing in London.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1776        Mar 1, French minister Charles Gravier advised his Spanish counterpart to support the American rebels against the English.
    (HN, 3/1/99)

1780         Mar 1, Pennsylvania became the first U.S. state to abolish slavery (for new-borns only). It was followed by Connecticut and Rhode Island in 1784, New York in 1785, and New Jersey in 1786. Massachusetts abolished slavery through a judicial decision in 1783.
    (http://quod.lib.umich.edu/c/clementsmss/umich-wcl-M-230dau?view=text)

1781        Mar 1, The Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation, following ratification by Maryland.
    (AP, 3/1/08)

1784        Mar 1, E. Kidner opened the 1st cooking school in Great Britain.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1785        Mar 1, Philadelphia Society for the Promotion of Agriculture was organized.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1790        Mar 1, President Washington signed a measure authorizing the first US Census. The Connecticut Compromise was a proposal for two houses in the legislature-one based on equal representation for each state, the other for population-based representation-that resolved the dispute between large and small states at the Constitutional Convention. Connecticut delegate Roger Sherman's proposal led to the first nationwide census in 1790. The population was determined to be 3,929,625, which included 697,624 slaves and 59,557 free blacks. The most populous state was Virginia, with 747,610 people and the most populous city was Philadelphia with 42,444 inhabitants. The average cost of this year’s census was 1.13 cents per person.
    (HNQ, 7/13/01)(AP, 3/1/08)(http://www.genealogybranches.com/censuscosts.html)

1792        Mar 1, US Presidential Succession Act was passed. [see Feb 21]
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1796        Mar 1, The 1st National Meeting was held in the Hague.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1803         Mar 1, Ohio became the 17th state.
    (HN, 3/1/98)

1808        Mar 1, In France, Napoleon created an imperial nobility.
    (HN, 3/1/99)

1809        Mar 1, Embargo Act of 1807 was repealed and the Non-Intercourse Act signed.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1810        Mar 1, Frederic Chopin (d.1849), Polish composer and pianist, was born. He studied in Poland but spent most of his adult life in Paris. He met George Sand in Paris in 1838 and they were together until 1847.  His works include the Waltz #2 in C# Minor (1835).
    (BAAC PN, Chambers, 1/8/96) (HN, 3/1/98)

1811        Mar 1, In Egypt the Ottoman viceroy Muhammad Ali Pasha massacred the Mameluke leaders of Egypt for plotting against him. He had invited them to a banquet at the citadel of Cairo.
    (PCh, 1992, p.373)(SC, 3/1/02)

1815        Mar 1, In France, returning from Elba, Napoleon landed at Cannes with a force of 1, 500 men and marched on Paris.
    (HN, 3/1/99)
1815        Mar 1, Sunday observance in Netherlands was regulated by law.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1837        Mar 1, William Dean Howells (d.1920), US author, critic and editor, was born. He edited the work of William James at the Atlantic Monthly. "We are creatures of the moment; we live from one little space to another; and only one interest at a time fills these." "If we like a man's dream, we call him a reformer; if we don't like his dream, we call him a crank."
    (WUD, 1994, p.689)(SFEC, 11/3/96, BR p.10)(AP, 3/3/98)(AP, 11/13/98)(HN, 3/1/01)

1841         Mar 1, Blanche K. Bruce, senator of Mississippi 1875-1881, was born in Farmville, Va. 
    (HN, 3/1/98)(SC, 3/1/02)
1841        Mar 1, John Quincy Adams (74), former US president, concluded his defense of "the Mendi people," a group of Africans who had rebelled and killed the crew of the slave ship Amistad, while enroute from Cuba to Haiti. They faced mutiny charges upon landing on Long Island, but Adams won their acquittal before the Supreme Court. In thanks they bestowed to him an 1838 English Bible. In 1996 the Bible was stolen from the Adams National Historic Site in Quincy, Mass.
    (http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/amistad/adamsarg.html)(WSJ, 1/3/97, p.A7)

1845        Mar 1, President Tyler signed a congressional resolution to annex the Republic of Texas.
    (AP, 3/1/98)

1847        Mar 1, James Reed reached Donner Lake and found his two children alive along with 15 other survivors.
    (ON, SC, p.7)
1847        Mar 1, Michigan became the 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state).
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1848        Mar 1, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, US sculptor and designer of the 1907 $20 gold piece, was born.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1854        Mar 1, The SS City of Glasgow, a steamship of the Inman Line, left Liverpool harbor with 480 passengers and was never seen again.
    (SC, 3/1/02)(WSJ, 7/1/03, p.D8)

1859        Mar 1, The present seal of San Francisco was adopted (its 2nd).
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1860         Mar 1, Suzanna Salter, first female mayor, was born. 
    (HN, 3/1/98)

1864        Mar 1, Rebecca Lee (1831-1895) became the first black woman to receive an American medical degree, from the New England Female Medical College in Boston.
    (AP, 3/1/00)(www.nlm.nih.gov/changingthefaceofmedicine/physicians/biography_73.html)
1864        Mar 1, Louis Ducos du Hauron patented a movie machine that was never built.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1865        Mar 1, Anna Paulowna Romanova (70), great monarch of Russia, died.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1866        Mar 1, Paraguayan canoes sank 2 Brazilian ironclads on Rio Parana.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1867        Mar 1, Most of Nebraska became the 37th state. It was expanded later.
    (AP, 3/1/98)(SC, 3/1/02)

1869        Mar 1, Postage stamps showing scenes were issued for 1st time.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1869        Mar 1, Alphonse MLP de Lamartine (78), French poet (History of Girondins), died.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1870        Mar 1, Francisco S. Lopez (43), President of Paraguay (1862-70), was killed in the War of the Triple alliance.
    (http://reference.allrefer.com/encyclopedia/L/Lopez-Fr.html)

1871        Mar 1, Germans paraded down the Champs-Elysses, Paris, France during the Franco-Prussian War.
    (HN, 3/1/99)(WSJ, 3/14/95, p.A-16)
1871        Mar 1, J. Milton Turner was named minister to Liberia.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1872        Mar 1, President Ulysses S. Grant signed a measure creating Yellowstone National Park (Idaho, Montana, Wyoming). The act of Congress creating Yellowstone National Park was based on a report from an expedition led by Ferdinand Hayden. The 2.2 million-acre preserve was the first step in a national park system. Nathaniel Pitt Langford (39) was appointed the 1st Superintendent.
    (SFC, 5/19/96, Z1, p.2)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R34)(ON, 11/02, p.4)(PCh, 1992, p.526)(AP, 3/1/08)
1872        Mar 1, Doc Holliday received his Doctor of Dental Surgery.
    (MesWP)

1873        Mar 1, E. Remington and Sons (1816–1896), a firearms manufacturer founded in 1816 by Eliphalet Remington in Ilion, New York, started manufacturing the first commercial typewriter. James Densmore and George Yost contracted Remington to build 1,000 machines designed by Christopher Latham Sholes.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E._Remington_and_Sons)(ON, 12/10, p.8)

1875         Mar 1, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act, which was invalidated by the Supreme Court in 1883.
    (HN, 3/1/98)

1876        Mar 1, Guernsey Cattle Club formed in Farmington, CT.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1879        Mar 1, Library of Hawaii was founded.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1880        Mar 1, Lytton Strachey (d.1932), English biographer, critic (Benson Medal 1923), was born. "Uninterpreted truth is as useless as buried gold." 
    (AP, 3/25/00)(SC, 3/1/02)

1890        Mar 1, 1st US edition of Sherlock Holmes (Study in Scarlet) was published.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1893        Mar 1, The US Diplomatic Appropriation Act authorized the rank of ambassador.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1896        Mar 1, The Battle of Adowa (Adwa, Adua) began in Ethiopia between the 80,000 forces of Negus Menelik, Emperor Menelik II, and 18-20,000 Italian troops. The Italians suffered a crushing defeat with some 6,000 killed. Menalik II and his wife Taitu led Ethiopia to independence from Italy. In 2000 Haile Gerima made a 90 minute documentary of the event, "Adwa: An African Victory."
    (WSJ, 5/16/96, p.A-12)(AP, 3/1/98)(SFC, 5/15/00, p.D3)(Econ, 2/26/11, p.89)(ON, 2/11, p.9)

1901        Mar 1, At the Pan American Exposition in Buffalo, NY, the electric current was turned on at the Agricultural building by Henry Rustin, chief of the Mechanical and Electricity Bureau, and the 4000 lamps on the exterior of the building blazed into radiant beauty. The Exposition, which opened informally on May 1, was held on a 342 acre site between Delaware Park Lake on the south, the New York Central railroad tracks on the north, Delaware Avenue on the east, and Elmwood Avenue on the west. The fair featured the latest technologies, including electricity and the baby incubator building, and attracted nearly 8 million people. A 400-foot electric tower was the centerpiece.
    (WSJ, 6/5/01, p.A23)(http://panam1901.bfn.org/thisday/marcharchives.html)

1903        Mar 1, Leon Bismarck "Bix" Beiderbecke, jazz cornetist (In a Mist), was born in Iowa. [see Mar 10]
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1904         Mar 1, Glenn Miller (d.1944), big band leader of the 1930s and 1940s, was born in Clarinda, Iowa.
    (AP, 3/1/04)

1907         Mar 1, There were only 15,000 Jews left in Odessa, Russia. The attacks on the Jews continued as more and more evacuated.
    (HN, 3/1/98)

1909        Mar 1, David Niven, actor (Casino Royale, Eye of the Devil), was born in Kirriemuir Angus, Scotland.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1909        Mar 1, 1st US university school of nursing established, University of Minnesota.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1910        Mar 1, An avalanche at Wellington, Wa., pushed two Great Northern trains carrying 96 people over a ledge at Stevens Pass.
    (SSFC, 3/1/09, p.C10)

1911         Mar 1, Jose Ordonez was elected the president of Uruguay.
    (HN, 3/1/98)

1912         Mar 1, Albert Berry completed the first in-flight parachute jump, from a Benoist plane over Kinlock Field in St. Louis.
    (HN, 3/1/98)
1912        Mar 1, Isabella Goodwin, 1st US woman detective, was appointed in NYC.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1913        Mar 1, The US Federal income tax filing date took effect. It was changed to March 15 in 1918 and again to April 15 in 1955. The first Form 1040 was four pages with all of the instructions on page 4.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tax_Day)(SFC, 10/25/13, p.A12)
1913        Mar 1, The 1st state law requiring bonding of officers and state employees was enacted in North Dakota.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1914        Mar 1, Ralph Waldo Ellison, renown African-American author who wrote "Invisible Man," was born.
    (HN, 3/1/99)
1914        Mar 1, H. Colijn, Dutch Minister of war, was named director of British Petroleum.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1915         Mar 1, The Allies announced their aim to cut off all German supplies, and assured the safety of the neutrals.
    (HN, 3/1/98)

1916        Mar 1, Germany began attacking ships in the Atlantic.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1916          Mar 1, A conference of Lithuanians in Berne (Mar 1-5) demanded for the 1st time the full independence of Lithuania.
    (LHC, 3/1/03)

1917        Mar 1, Robert Lowell, Jr., poet, was born. He won the Pulitzer Prize in 1947 for Lord Weary's Castle.
    (HN, 3/1/01)
1917        Mar 1, Dinah Shore, singer (See the USA in a Chevrolet), was born in Winchester, Ten. [see Feb 29, 1916]
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1917        Mar 1, The 1st US federal land bank was chartered.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1919        Mar 1, Lawrence Ferlinghetti, US beat poet (Coney Island of the Mind), was born. [see Mar 24]
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1919         Mar 1, The Korean coalition proclaimed their independence from Japan. 33 Koreans gathered in a local restaurant to read a declaration of independence that ignited a series of demonstrations against Japanese occupation.
    (HN, 3/1/98)(SSFC, 2/24/13, p.M3)

1920        Mar 1, Harry Caray, baseball announcer (Chicago Cubs), was born.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1920        Mar 1, Howard Nemerov, writer, 3rd US poet laureate, Pulitzer Prize recipient, was born. [HN says 1921]
    (HN, 3/1/01)(SC, 3/1/02)

1921        Mar 1, Richard Wilbur, 2nd US Poet Laureate, Pulitzer Prize winning poet and translator, was born.
    (HN, 3/1/01)(SC, 3/1/02)
1921         Mar 1, The Allies rejected a $7.5 billion reparations offer in London. German delegations decided to quit all talks.
    (HN, 3/1/98)
1921        Mar 1, Rwanda was ceded to England.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1921        Mar 1, Sailors revolted in Kronstadt, Russia.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1922        Mar 1, Yitzhak Rabin, premier (Israel, 1992-95, Nobel 1994), was born.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1923        Mar 1, Allies occupied Ruhrgebied and killed a railroad striker.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1924        Mar 1, Emile Fradin (d.2010 at 103), French peasant, discovered an underground chamber containing ancient artifacts that were later dated anywhere from 300 BC to the 15th century. The field, called Duranthon, was later renamed the Champ des Morts (field of the Dead).
    (Econ, 3/13/10, p.89)
1924        Mar 1, Germany's prohibition of Communist Party (KPD) was lifted.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1927        Mar 1, Harry Belafonte, calypso singer (Buck and the Preacher), was born in Harlem, NYC.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1927        Mar 1, Robert Heron Bork, judge, nominated for supreme court, was born.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1927        Mar 1, Bank of Italy became a National Bank. California’s laws prohibiting branch banking changed and A.P. Giannini consolidated his banking properties into the Bank of America of California.
    (SFC, 4/14/98, p.B4)(SC, 3/1/02)

1928        Mar 1, Paul Whiteman and his orchestra recorded "Ol' Man River" for Victor Records.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1930        Mar 1, In San Francisco the 22 storey Clay-Jones Apartments, designed by architect Albert Larsen, opened at 1250 Jones St.
    (SSFC, 2/1/15, p.D2)(SFC, 2/11/15, p.D1)

1932        Mar 1, Charles Lindbergh Jr. (20 months), the infant son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh was kidnapped from his nursery at the family home near Hopewell, (Princeton) N.J. A handwritten note left at the scene demanded a $50,000 ransom. Under relentless public scrutiny, the Lindberghs complied with the ransom demands, but on May 12, the child’s remains were found two miles from their home. German immigrant Bruno Richard Hauptmann was arrested and convicted for the crime amid a frenzy of biased media coverage. Hauptmann maintained his innocence until his execution in 1936. In 1961 George Waller authored “Kidnap," an account of the kidnapping and trial.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1932)(AP, 3/1/98)(HN, 3/1/98)(HNPD, 3/1/99)(WSJ, 11/10/07, p.W8)

1933        Mar 1, Bank holidays were declared in 6 states to prevent run on banks.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1934        Mar 1, Primo Carnera beat Tommy Loughran in 15 for heavyweight boxing title.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1934        Mar 1, Henry Pu Yi was crowned emperor Kang Teh of Manchuria.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1935         Mar 1, Germany celebrated the return of the Saar Basin to the Reich.
    (HN, 3/1/98)
1935        Mar 1, Germany officially established the Luftwaffe.
    (HN, 3/1/01)

1937        Mar 1, The 1st US permanent automobile license plates was issued in Connecticut.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1937        Mar 1, US Steel raises workers' wages to $5 a day.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1937        Mar 1, Governor Wouters inaugurated a radio station on the Dutch Antilles.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1938        Mar 1, Gabriele d’Annunzio, Italian poet, writer and political leader, died. In 2013 Lucy Hughes-Hallett authored “The Pike: Gabriele d’Annunzio: Poet Seducer and Preacher of War."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gabriele_d%27Annunzio)

1940        Mar 1, "Native Son" by Richard Wright (1908-1960) was first published.   This launched him as America’s 1st best-selling black author.
    (AP, 3/1/00)(SSFC, 8/12/01, DB p.61)
1940        Mar 1, In the 12th Academy Awards: "Gone with the Wind", Robert Donat and Vivien Leigh won.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1940         Mar 1, U.S. envoy, Sumner Welles met with Hitler in Berlin.
    (HN, 3/1/98)

1941        Mar 1, "Captain America" appeared in a comic book.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1941        Mar 1, W47NV, the 1st US FM radio station to broadcast with a commercial license, went on the air in Nashville, TN.
    (www.history.com/this-day-in-history.do?action=Article&id=3021)
1941        Mar 1, Elmer Layden became the 1st NFL commissioner.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1941        Mar 1, Himmler inspected the Auschwitz concentration camp.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1941         Mar 1, Bulgaria joined the Axis as the Nazis occupy Sofia.
    (HN, 3/1/98)

1942        Mar 1, J. Milton Cage Jr.’s "Imaginary Landscape No 3" premiered in Chicago.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1942        Mar 1, Baseball decided that players in military can't play when on furlough.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1942         Mar 1, The 3 day Battle of Java Sea ended as US suffered a major naval defeat. Japanese troops occupy Kalidjati airport in Java.
    (HN, 3/1/98)(SC, 3/1/02)
1942        Mar 1, Tito established the 2nd Proletariat Brigade in Bosnia.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1942        Mar 1, Suriname camp for NSB people opened to save Jews.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1943         Mar 1, The British RAF conducted strategic bombing raids on all European railway lines. From 1939 to 1945, R.A.F. pilots and air crews waged war on Germany from inside Hitler's Reich.
    (HN, 3/1/98)
1943        Mar 1, In Amsterdam a Jewish old age home for disabled was raided.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1944        Mar 1, Roger Daltrey Hammersmith, rocker, actor, producer (The Who-Tommy), was born in London, England.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1944        Mar 1, Massive strikes took place in Northern Italian towns.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1944        Mar 1, U-358 sank in Atlantic.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1945        Mar 1, Burning Spear [Winston Rodney], Jamaican reggae singer, was born.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1945        Mar 1, President Roosevelt, back from the Yalta Conference, proclaimed the meeting a success when he addressed a joint session of Congress.
    (AP, 3/1/98)
1945        Mar 1, US infantry regiment captured Mönchengladbach.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1945        Mar 1, British 43rd Division under General Essame occupied Xanten.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1945        Mar 1, Chinese 30th division occupied Hsenwi.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1945        Mar 1, Field marshal Kesselring succeeded von Rundstedt as commander.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1946        Mar 1, British Government took control of Bank of England, after 252 years.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1946        Mar 1, In the Netherlands Felix Gulje, head of a construction company, was murdered at his door front.  Rumors had circled that Gulje worked with occupation authorities during the war. After his death it emerged that Gulje had sheltered Jews and given money to hide others. In 2011 Atie Ridder-Visser (96), former resistance member, confessed to the killing.
    (SFC, 6/9/11, p.A3)
1946        Mar 1, Panama accepted its new constitution.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1947        Mar 1, International Monetary Fund began operations.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1949        Mar 1, Joe Louis retired as heavyweight boxing champion.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1950        Mar 1, Chiang Kai-shek resumed the presidency of Nationalist China in Taipei.
    (www.taiwan.com.au/Polieco/Symbols/report07.html)
1950        Mar 1, Klaus Fuchs was sentenced in London to 14 years for atomic espionage.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1950        Mar 1, USSR issued golden rubles.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1952        Mar 1, In SF Municipal Railway workers received a wage increase of 9.4 cents effective July 1. This raised their hourly rate to $1.73.
    (SFC, 3/1/02, p.G8)
1952        Mar 1, Egyptian government-Ali Maher Pasja resigned.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1952        Mar 1, Helgoland, in North Sea, was returned to West Germany by Britain.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1953        Feb 28, Francis Crick (d.2004) and James Watson discovered the structure of DNA-molecule. Watson and Crick managed to describe the structure of DNA as a double helix consisting of two long strings coiled around one another. About 100,000 genes, short sections of DNA, tell the cells how to build proteins, the building blocks of life. Rosalind Franklin made the 1st x-ray image that revealed the double helix structure of DNA. In 2002 Brenda Maddox authored "Rosalind Franklin: The Dark Lady of DNA." In 2003 Watson co-authored "DNA: The Secret of Life."  [see Apr 25, Sep 20, 1953]
    (V.D.-H.K.p.330)(TL, 1988, p.114)(Wired, 1/97, p.161)(SSFC, 11/10/02, p.M2)(WSJ, 3/28/03, p.W8)(AP, 2/28/04)

1954        Mar 1, The US Senate confirmed the Earl Warren for Chief Justice of the US. He had been serving as the Interim chief Justice since Oct 5, 1953.
    (www.supremecourthistory.org/history/supremecourthistory_history_chief_014warren.htm)
1954        Mar 1, Puerto Rican nationalists opened fire from the gallery of the U.S. House of Representatives, wounding five congressmen. In 1998 the granddaughter of one of the nationalists published a family memoir. Lolita Lebron (1919-2010), Rafael Cancel Miranda, Irving Flores and Andres Figueroa Cordero all received lengthy prison sentences. President Jimmy Carter granted them clemency in 1979 and they were released.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1685)(AP, 3/1/98)(NPR, 2/28/98)(AP, 8/1/10)
1954        Mar 1, The Bravo hydrogen bomb test exploded across Bikini atoll (Marshall Islands) with the force of 1,000 Hiroshima bombs. A Nuclear Claims Tribunal, established in 1986, later awarded Bikini and Enewetak 500 million dollars but only a fraction of the amount was received. A Nov 30, 2004, deadline limited further suits.
    (AP, 10/17/04)(www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/bomb/peopleevents/pandeAMEX51.html)
1954        Mar 1, The No. 5 Fukuryu-maru was trolling for tuna off the Bikini atoll in the Pacific during the Bravo hydrogen bomb test. 11 crew members died in the half-century since the exposure, at least six of them from liver cancer. Between 1946 and 1958, the United States conducted 66 nuclear tests at Bikini as part of "Operation Crossroads."
    (AP, 2/28/04)
1954        Mar 1, Ted Williams fractures collarbone in 1st game of spring training after flying 39 combat missions without injury in Korean War.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1954        Mar 1, Rebellion during visit of President Naguib in Khartoum Sudan, 30 die.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1955        Mar 1, The SF Chronicle reported that a Univ. of California survey found that Americans spend more money on comic books that all the country’s elementary schools and high schools spend on textbooks.
    (SFC, 2/25/05, p.F4)
1955        Mar 1, Chase National (the 3rd largest US bank) and Bank of the Manhattan Company (15th largest bank) merged and were renamed as Chase Manhattan.
    (http://www.dfs.ny.gov/about/histh.txt)
1955        Mar 1, An Israeli retaliation in Gaza is reported as having killed 37 Egyptians and wounded 29 others.  Palestinians stone the United Nations Gaza office. 
    (www.fsmitha.com/time/1955.htm)

1957        Mar 1, "Ziegfeld Follies of 1957" opened at Winter Garden NYC for 123 performances.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1957        Mar 1, Kokomo the Chimp became the Today Show animal editor.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1958         Mar 1, Doctors declared that President Eisenhower had fully recovered from his stroke.
    (HN, 3/1/98)
1958        Mar 1, Giacomo Balla (b.1871), Italian composer and painter, died.  He was a signatory to the 1910 Futurist Manifesto, and designed and painting Futurist furniture. He also created Futurist "antineutral" clothing.
    (Econ, 2/22/14, p.71)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giacomo_Balla)

1959        Mar 1, Archbishop Makarios returned to Cyprus after 3 years.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1960         Mar 1, 1,000 Black students prayed and sang the national anthem on the steps of the old Confederate Capitol in Montgomery, Ala.
    (HN, 3/1/98)

1961        Mar 1, Cellist Jacqueline du Prés made her debut in Wigmore Hall.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1961        Mar 1, President Kennedy established the Peace Corps. The first volunteers were sent to Ghana.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1961)(SFC, 8/7/96, p.A15)(AP, 3/1/98)(SFC, 3/21/98, p.A13)

1962        Mar 1, A US Army memorandum was put out titled “Possible Actions to Provoke, Harass or Disrupt Cuba."
    (SFC,11/19/97, p.A4)
1962        Mar 1, US-British nuclear test experiment took place in Nevada.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1962        Mar 1, The first Kmart, a 60,000-sq.-ft. store, opened in Garden City, Mich. It was originally know as Kresge's, a five and dime store founded in 1899. The company was modernized under Harry B. Cunningham and re-opened as Kmart less than 30 miles from Kresge's headquarters in downtown Detroit.
    (http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3092/is_n4_v31/ai_11875088/)
1962        Mar 1, American Airlines 707 plunged nose 1st into Jamaica Bay, NY, killing 95.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1962        Mar 1, Uganda became a self-governing country under PM Benedicto Kiwanuka.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prime_Minister_of_Uganda)

1963        Mar 1, 200,000 French mine workers went on strike.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1964        Mar 1, In San Francisco demonstrations began at the Sheraton-Palace Hotel over racial hiring practices.
    (SFC, 3/1/14, p.A1)

1965        Mar 1, Gas explosion killed 28 in apartment complex at La Salle, Quebec, Canada.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1966        Mar 1, Moscow reported that a space probe had crashed on Venus. Venera 3 became the 1st man-made object to impact on a planet (Venus).
    (HN, 3/1/98)(SC, 3/1/02)
1966        Mar 1, The Baath-party took power in Syria. Among the fighters who had a part in toppling Amin Hafez was Hafez Assad, who became president four years later and ruled Syria with an iron fist for three decades.
    (SC, 3/1/02)(AP, 12/18/09)   

1967        Mar 1, US Rep. Adam Clayton Powell (1908-1972) of New York City, accused of misconduct, was denied his seat in the 90th Congress. The House of Representatives voted  307 to 116 to expel Powell. The Supreme Court ruled in 1969 that Powell had to be seated.
    (AP, 3/1/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adam_Clayton_Powell_Jr.)
1967        Mar 1, Queen Elizabeth Hall (South Bank Center) opened in London.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queen_Elizabeth_Hall)
1967        Mar 1, Dominica became a West Indies associated state with Edward Oliver LeBlanc as premier. Full independence was attained on Nov. 03, 1978.
    (www.chiefacoins.com/Database/Countries/Dominica.htm)
1967        Mar 1, St. Lucia became a West Indies associated state with John Compton as Premier. It gained full independence on Feb 22, 1979.
    (www.stlucia1979.com/page3.htm)

1968        Mar 1, Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara was replaced by Clark Clifford.
    (HN, 3/1/99)
1968        Mar 1, Singers Johnny Cash (36) and June Carter (38) wed.
    (SFC, 9/13/03, p.A12)
1968        Mar 1, The first 15-minute version of the musical "Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat" by Andrew Lloyd Weber was performed at Central Hall, Westminster, London.
    (www.thisistheatre.com/joseph/index.html)

1969        Mar 1, "Red, White, and Maddox" closed at Cort Theater in NYC after 41 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.php?id=3452)
1969         Mar 1, Mickey Mantle of the NY Yankees announced his retirement from baseball.
    (HN, 3/1/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mickey_Mantle)
1969        Mar 1, Jim Morrison (d.1971), lead singer for the Doors, exposed himself at Dinner Key Auditorium in Miami before 10,000 people. An arrest warrant was issued for Morrison four days after the concert. He turned himself in, was tried the next year and convicted on two charges. Gov. Charlie Crist and Florida's Cabinet members pardoned Morrison of those convictions on Dec 9, 2010.
    (SFC, 12/24/02, p.A13)(AP, 12/10/10)

1970        Mar 1, Kreisky's social-democrats won the Austrian parliamentary election.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3tv72y)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Austrian_legislative_election,_1970)
1950        Mar 1, Kim Soo-im (b.1911), a former US-employed assistant and lover to provost marshal Col. John E. Baird, was arrested by South Korean police, joining thousands of others ensnared in President Syngman Rhee's roundups of leftists — workers and writers, teachers, peasants and others with suspect politics. She was soon tried and executed in June by South Korea as an alleged spy.
    (AP, 8/17/08)
1970        Mar 1, The white government of Rhodesia declared independence from Britain.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/2/newsid_2514000/2514683.stm)

1971        Mar 1, The bombing in the U.S. Capitol building was claimed to be in protest of U.S. involvement in Laos. The bomb exploded in a Capitol restroom 30 minutes after a telephone warning, which proclaimed the action to protest against U.S. involvement in Laos. Some $200,000 in damage was caused by the bombing. There were no injuries.
    (HNQ, 7/30/98)

1972        Mar 1, David Rabe's "Sticks and Bones" premiered in New York City.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sticks_and_Bones)
1972        Mar 1, Kathy Boudin and Bernardine Dohrn, members of the Weathermen, set explosives in the 1st-floor ladies room of the US Capitol building. [See Oct 20,1981]
    (WSJ, 11/26/03, p.A1)(http://hnn.us/articles/1155.html)

1973        Mar 1, In the Paumanok Handicap at Aqueduct, NYC, Robyn Smith rode North Star to victory, becoming the first woman jockey to win a stakes race.
    (www.hickoksports.com/calendar/mar01.shtml)

1974        Mar 1, A grand jury in Washington, DC, concluded that President Nixon was indeed involved in the Watergate cover-up.  7 people, including former Nixon White House aides H.R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman, former Attorney General John Mitchell and former assistant Attorney General Robert Mardian, were indicted on charges of conspiring to obstruct justice in connection with the Watergate break-in. They were convicted the following January, although Mardian's conviction was later reversed. In 2005 Vanity Fair Magazine revealed that W. Mark Felt (91), former FBI official, was the Watergate whistleblower Deep Throat, who helped bring down Pres. Nixon.
    (HN, 3/1/98)(AP, 3/1/99)(AP, 6/1/05)

1975        Mar 1, In the 17th Grammy Awards: I Honestly Love You, Marvin Hamlisch won.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grammy_Awards_of_1975)
1975        Mar 1, Eagles' "Best of My Love" reached #1.
    (www.joshhosler.biz/NumberOneInHistory/03/0301.htm)

1976        Mar 1, The US Intelligence Oversight Board was created as part of Pres. Ford’s Feb 18 Executive Order 11905. It was made up of private citizens and designed to ferret out illegal spying activities. In 2008 Pres George W. Bush issued an executive order that stripped the board of much of its authority.
    (SSFC, 3/16/08, p.A4)

1977        Mar 1, The US 200-mile fishery conservation zone went into effect. The US extended its territorial waters out to 200 miles to stop fishing by boats of foreign nations.
    (www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=6865)(NH, 5/96, p.61)

1978        Mar 1, "Timbuktu!" opened at Mark Hellinger Theater in NYC for 243 performances.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timbuktu!)

1979        Mar 1, "Sweeney Todd" with Angel Lansbury opened at Uris Theater in NYC for 557 performances. The score was by Stephen Sondheim.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sweeney_Todd)(SFEC, 5/31/98, BR p.1)

1981        Mar 1, "Sophisticated Ladies" opened at Lunt-Fontanne in NYC for 767 performances.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sophisticated_Ladies)
1981        Mar 1, Roberto C. Goizueta (d.1997) was named CEO of Coca-Cola. Under his direction Coke’s value increased from $5 billion to $150 billion.
    (SFEC,10/19/97, p.C11)
1981        Mar 1, Irish Republican Army member Bobby Sands began a hunger strike at the Maze Prison in Northern Ireland; he died 65 days later.
    (AP, 3/1/00)

1982        Mar 1, In France Patrice Hyvert (23), an aspiring guide, went for a solo ascent on Mont Blanc and disappeared in a snowstorm. On July 3, 2014, climbers found his body.
    (AP, 7/10/14)
1982        Mar 1, Russian spacecraft Venera 13 landed on Venus and sent back data.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venera_13)

1983        Mar 1, A tornado producing F2 damage touched down in St. Louis, Mo. It later strengthened and produced F3 damage in Illinois causing five million dollars in damage.
    (www.crh.noaa.gov/lsx/trivia/mar_trivia.php)
1983        Mar 1, Arthur Koestler (b.1905), Hungary-born British writer (Dialogue With Death), died in a double suicide with his wife in London. His novels included "Darkness at Noon" (1940). In 1998 David Cesarani authored "Arthur Koestler: The Homeless Mind." In 2009 Michael Scammell authored “Koestler: The Literary and Political Odyssey of a Twentieth-Century Skeptic."
    (SSFC, 1/3/10, Books p.F3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Koestler)

1984        Mar 1, NASA launched Landsat-D Prime (Landsat 5) to map the Earth.
    (http://landsat.gsfc.nasa.gov/about/landsat5.html)
1984        Feb 19,  The USSR performed a nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan, Semipalitinsk.
    (www.iss.niiit.ru/ksenia/catal_nt/3_10.htm)
1984        Mar 1, Jackie Coogan (b.1914), actor (Uncle Fester-Addams Family), died.
    (http://imdb.com/name/nm0001067/)

1985         Mar 1, The Pentagon accepted the theory that an atomic war would block the sun, causing a "nuclear winter."
    (HN, 3/1/98)
1985        Mar 1, Herb Kohl (b.1935), Milwaukee businessman and later US Senator (1988), purchased the Milwaukee Bucks basketball team.
    (www.nba.com/bucks/history/history.html)

1986        Mar 1, In Sweden Social Democrat Ingvar Carlsson became prime minister. He served until October 1991. Under his administration Sweden made the decision to apply to join the EU.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prime_Minister_of_Sweden)(Econ, 3/3/07, p.57)

1988        Mar 1, Courtney Gibbs Eplin (21) of Texas was crowned 37th Miss USA.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1988        Mar 1, President Reagan arrived in Brussels, Belgium, for the first NATO summit in six years.
    (AP, 3/1/98)
1988        Mar 1, Pontiac announced the end of the Fiero automobile.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1988        Mar 1, Iraq said it had fired 16 missiles into Tehran in the first long-range rocket attack on the Iranian capital since the Iran-Iraq war began.
    (AP, 3/1/98)

1989        Mar 1, The Senate overwhelmingly approved Dr. Louis W. Sullivan to be secretary of health and human services and Adm. James D. Watkins to be secretary of energy.
    (AP, 3/1/99)
1989        Mar 1, Ben Johnson's coach testified that Johnson began using steroids in 1981.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1989        Mar 1, Julianne Phillips and Bruce Springsteen divorced.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1989        Mar 1, Prairie Meadows racetrack in Polk County near Des Moines, Iowa, opened for business. It lost money until it was converted to a casino in April, 1995.
    (WSJ, 6/24/96, B1,11)
1989        Mar 1, Three teenagers in New Jersey assaulted a mentally retarded girl with a broom and a baseball bat as up to ten classmates watched. They were sentenced to up to 15 years in a youth facility in 1997. In 1997 Prof. Bernard Lefkowitz wrote “Our Guys," an investigation of the events surrounding the crime.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A3)(SFEC,11/16/97, BR p.3)

1990        Mar 1, The controversial Seabrook, N.H., nuclear power plant won federal permission to go on line after two decades of protests and legal struggles.
    (AP, 3/1/00)
1990        Mar 1, Benin nullified its constitution.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1990        Mar 1, Luis Alberto Lacelle was sworn in as President of Uruguay.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1991        Mar 1, President Bush said “we’ve kicked the Vietnam syndrome once and for all" following the allied victory in the Gulf War.
    (AP, 3/1/01)
1991        Mar 1, The US Embassy in Kuwait officially reopened.
    (AP, 3/1/01)
1991        Mar 1, Edwin H. Land, inventor of polarizing filters and Polaroid instant photography, died in Cambridge, Massachusetts, at age 81. He had co-founded Polaroid Corp. with George Wheelwright III (d.2001 at 97).
    (AP, 3/1/01)(SFC, 3/3/01, p.A22)

1991        Mar 1-7, US military specialists surveyed and then detonated a bunker at Kamisiyah, Iraq. The site had been declared a chemical weapons storage area by Iraq after the Gulf War. No trace of chemical agents were found before or after but US & UN inspections teams had earlier found nerve agent rockets and mustard gas shells in open pits at the site. It was later acknowledged by the Pentagon that more than 15,000 US troops may have been exposed to nerve gas due to the detonations. Defense Department logs of this period were later reported lost. In April 1997 the CIA acknowledged errors that led to the demolition.
    (SFC, 6/22/96, p.A15)(SFC, 10/19/96, A4)(SFC, 3/1/97, p.A2)(SFC, 4/10/97, p.A1)
1991        Mar 1-7, The US military used new ammunition made of depleted uranium. It produced a toxic debris that US soldiers were not informed about at the time.
    (SFEC, 8/17/97, p.A1)

1992        Mar 1, "Little Hotel on the Side" closed at Belasco in NYC after 41 performances.
    (www.theatredb.com/QShow.php?sid=s0405)
1992        Mar 1, "Visit" closed at Criterion Theater in NYC after 45 performances.
    (www.theatredb.com/QShow.php?sid=s0426)
1992        Mar 1, Sen. Brock Adams abandoned his re-election campaign after eight women accused him in a Seattle Times report of sexual abuse and harassment.
    (AP, 3/1/02)
1992        Mar 1, Bosnian Serbs began sniping in Sarajevo, after Croats and Moslems voted for Bosnian independence.
    (HN, 3/1/99)

1993        Mar 1, George Steinbrenner was reinstated as owner of New York Yankees.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1993        Mar 1, The new expansion NHL  (hockey) team, owned by Disney, was named the Mighty Ducks.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1993        Mar 1, Authorities near Waco, Texas, continued negotiating with Branch Davidians holed up in their bullet-scarred compound, a day after a furious gun battle between the Davidians and federal agents that left 10 people dead.
    (AP, 3/1/98)
1993        Mar 1, Luis Kutner (b.1908), US human rights activist, died. He and Peter Benenson co-founded Amnesty International (1961).
    (www.britannica.com/eb/article-9112409?tocId=9112409)

1994        Mar 1, At the 36th annual Grammy Awards, Whitney Houston won best female pop vocalist and record of the year for "I Will Always Love You"; "The Bodyguard" won album of the year.
    (AP, 3/1/99)
1994        Mar 1, Falling four votes shy of a two-thirds majority, the US Senate rejected a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution.
    (AP, 3/1/99)
1994        Mar 1, Martti Ahtisaari was inaugurated as President of Finland.
    (SFC, 6/4/99, p.A10)(SC, 3/1/02)
1994        Mar 1, A Lebanese immigrant opened fire on a van of Hasidic students on New York's Brooklyn Bridge, killing one.
    (AP, 3/1/99)

1995        Mar 1, At the 37th annual Grammy Awards in Los Angeles, Sheryl Crow won record of the year for "All I Wanna Do" while Tony Bennett's "MTV Unplugged" was named best album.
    (AP, 3/1/00)
1995        Mar 1, As of this day Belgian armed forces consisted of professional volunteers only.
    (www.wri-irg.org/co/rtba/archive/belgium.htm)
1995        Mar 1, The Bosnian Serb government received a $60 million mortgage for the oil refinery in Srpski Brod from a Liberian-owned company, Orbal Marketing Service Ltd. [see Jan 1995] Delivery was made to the Bosnian Serbs in late March of a supposed nuclear device of red mercury at the Gradiska border. It was discovered to be a swindle.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, p.A25)
1995        Mar 1, Jozef Oleksy succeeded Waldemar Pawlak as premier of Poland.
    (http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Waldemar+Pawlak)
1995        Mar 1, Somalia militiamen loyal to warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid seized control of the Mogadishu airport after peacekeepers withdrew.
    (AP, 3/1/00)
1995        Mar 1, Vitaly Massol, Ukraine premier, resigned.
    (www.ukraine-observer.com/articles/205/612)
1995        Mar 1, Julio Maria Sanguinetti was sworn in as President of Uruguay.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julio_Mar%C3%ADa_Sanguinetti)

1996        Mar 1, Lenny Wilkens, winningest coach in NBA, coached his 1,000th victory.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1996        Mar 1, President Clinton slapped economic sanctions on Colombia, concluding that Colombian authorities had not fully cooperated with the US war on drugs.
    (AP, 3/1/01)
1996        Mar 1, The Food and Drug Administration approved a powerful new AIDS drug, saying ritonavir could prolong slightly the lives of severely ill patients.
    (AP, 3/1/01)
1996        Mar 1, New toll-free 888 area code was introduced.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1996        Mar 1, Plans were approved allowing traffic cameras at High Harrington and Shap, England.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1996        Mar 1, The first Asia-Europe meeting (ASEM) opened in Bangkok, Thailand, with 25 countries and the EU Commission participating.
    (Econ, 10/9/10, p.63)(http://tinyurl.com/25mhkw7)

1997        Mar 1, At Spring Lake near Santa Rosa, Ca., Paul Duclos caught a 24-pound largemouth bass, photographed it, weighed it and released it. The official record was a 22-pound, 4-ounce bass caught in Montgomery Lake, Ga. To be official the fish has to be killed, properly weighed and certified by the Int’l. Gamefish Assoc.
    (SFEC, 4/20/97, p.C3)
1997        Mar 1, Severe storms hit Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee and Mississippi, and spawned tornadoes in Arkansas blamed for two dozen deaths.
    (AP, 3/1/98)
1997        Mar 1, In Albania Pres. Sali Berisha said that his cabinet ministers would resign and be replaced by leaders acceptable to the opposition .
    (SFEC, 3/2/97, p.A14)
1997        Mar 1, In Austria it was announced that the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra would allow Ann Lelkes, a harpist who had played with the orchestra for 26 years, to become an official member. There still existed an unofficial but firm policy against admitting members of racial or ethnic minorities.
    (SFC, 3/1/97, p.E1)
1997        Mar 1, Rescue teams fought snow, high winds and wild dogs as they tried to bring help to an earthquake-devastated region in northwest Iran, where the death toll was estimated at 3,000.
    (AP, 3/1/98)
1997        Mar 1, In Papua New Guinea Sir Julius Chan announced that the government would buy the 54% stake in Bougainville Copper held by RTZ-CRA Ltd.
    (WSJ, 3/4/97, p.A15)
1997        Mar 1, In Sudan the government signed an agreement to build a 900-mile pipeline from the southern oilfields to Port Sudan on the Red Sea. Chinese National Petroleum would control 40% and Malaysia would own 30% through its state owned oil company.
    (WSJ, 3/11/97, p.A22)

1998        Mar 1, "Art" opened at Royale Theater NYC.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1998        Mar 1, Burma’s military regime arrested 40 people it accused of planning to assassinate leaders and bomb buildings.
    (WSJ, 3/2/98, p.A1)
1998        Mar 1, China pledged to spend $32.6 billion to stabilize nearly insolvent state banks amid the Asian financial crises.
    (WSJ, 1/4/98, p.R4)
1998        Mar 1, In Germany, Lower Saxony Governor Gerhard Schroeder won a sweeping re-election that paved the way for his successful campaign to oust Chancellor Helmut Kohl.
    (AP, 3/1/99)
1998        Mar 1, Weekend clashes in Kosovo left 24 ethnic Albanians and 4 Serb policemen dead. Police arrested 5 people and seized weapons caches.
    (WSJ, 3/2/98, p.A1)(FT, 3/4/98, p.1)

1999        Mar 1, The US General Accounting Office released an audit of the Internal Revenue Service which found chronic problems in the agency's record-keeping.
    (AP, 3/1/00)
1999        Mar 1, Minutes before a midnight deadline Pacific Lumber agreed with government negotiators on a $480 million deal to preserve the Headwaters Forest in northern California. 10,000 acres of old growth forest was to be sold and protection was imposed on 211,000 acres of adjacent lands.
    (SFC, 3/2/99, p.A1)
1999        Mar 1, The Service Employees Int'l. Union announced a major campaign to organize salaried physicians.
    (SFC, 3/2/99, p.A6)
1999        Mar 1, New York Univ. announced that its journalism professors and others had compiled a list of the top 100 works of 20th century American journalism.
    (WSJ, 3/12/99, p.W18)
1999        Mar 1, The 1997 Ottawa Treaty, banning the use, production, transfer and storage of land mines, went into effect. 133 countries honored the treaty but the US and China had not signed it. Participating nations agreed to destroy anti-personnel land mines within 4 years and to get them out of fields within 10.
    (SFEC, 1/3/99, Par p.13)(SFC, 2/19/99, p.A3)
1999        Mar 1, A US report on policy with North Korea indicated that North Korea was involved in the production and distribution of narcotics. An area 10-17 thousand acres was estimated to be under poppy cultivation with opium production at 30-44 annual metric tons.
    (SFC, 3/27/99, p.A10)
1999        Mar 1, Balloonists Bertrand Piccard of Switzerland and Brian Jones of Britain took off from the Swiss Alps in an attempt to circle the globe.
    (SFC, 3/15/99, p.A9)
1999        Mar 1, In Colombia a far-right death squad killed 8 people and kidnapped 3 in Barrancabermeja, a stronghold of the National Liberation Army (ELN).
    (SFC, 3/2/99, p.A9)
1999        Mar 1, In Haiti Senator Jean-Yvon Toussaint (47) was shot in the head in Delmas.
    (SFC, 3/2/99, p.A9)
1999        Mar 1, In Indonesia 9 people were killed when police opened fire on a crowd outside a mosque at Ambon.
    (SFC, 3/2/99, p.A9)
1999        Mar 1, US warplanes dropped over 30 laser-guided bombs on military targets in northern Iraq.
    (SFC, 3/2/99, p.A8)
1999        Mar 1, In Nigeria a gasoline bombing of 2 police stations left 2 people dead including one policeman and 4 injured. The attack was blamed on a group called Odudua, which wants a separate country for the Yoruba tribe of southwest Nigeria.
    (SFC, 3/4/99, p.C4)
1999        Mar 1, About this time Serb municipal and police officials provided paramilitaries lists with the names and assets of wealthy Albanians and lists of people slated for execution. At least 5 paramilitary groups were in operation and included Arkan's Tigers led by Zeljko Raznatovic and Frenki's Boys led by Franko Simatovic. In 2013 Simatovic and Jovica Stanisic, allies of Pres. Milosevic, were acquitted of setting up and arming Serb paramilitary gangs in Bosnia and Croatia during the Balkan wars.
    (WSJ, 9/1/99, p.A18)(SFC, 5/31/13, p.A3)
1999        Mar 1, In Uganda Hutu rebels kidnapped 13 tourists and an unknown number of Ugandans at the Bwindi Nat'l. Park. Linda Adams of Alamo, Ca., escaped, the rebels by faking an asthma attack. An attack by Rwandan Hutu rebels left eight foreign tourists, including two Americans, and a park guard dead. Separately rebels of the Allied Democratic Forces killed 5 people in a camp near Ntotoro village.
    (SFC, 3/2/99, p.A8)(SFC, 3/4/99, p.A1,C5)(AP, 3/1/00)

2000        Mar 1, Candidates in both major parties turned their focus to Super Tuesday, a day after Texas Governor George W. Bush won primaries in Virginia, North Dakota and Washington state, while Vice President Al Gore won in Washington state.
    (AP, 3/1/01)
2000        Mar 1, Classes were canceled at Buell Elementary School in Mount Morris Township, Michigan, a day after six-year-old Kayla Rolland was fatally shot, allegedly by a fellow first-grader.
    (AP, 3/1/01)
2000        Mar 1, In Pennsylvania Ronald Taylor (39) killed 3 people and wounded 2 at an apartment and 2 fast food restaurants in Wilkinsburg. In 2001 Taylor was sentenced to death for the killing of 3 white men.
    (SFC, 3/2/00, p.A3)(AP, 3/1/01)(SFC, 11/12/01, p.A12)
2000        Mar 1, In Britain Home Sec. Jack Straw ruled that Gen. Pinochet should not be extradited to Spain.
    (SFC, 3/2/00, p.A11)
2000        Mar 1, In Ecuador the Congress passed legislation to replace the sucre with US dollars in a bid to end a recession.
    (WSJ, 3/2/00, p.A1)
2000        Mar 1, Tarja Halonen assumed office as Finland’s first female president.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tarja_Halonen)
2000        Mar 1, In Japan police officials reported that the Aum Shinri Kyo sect had developed software for at least 10 government agencies and for more than 80 major companies in recent years. The sect had recently changed its name to Aleph and denounced its violent past.
    (SFC, 3/2/00, p.A10)
2000        Mar 1, In Nigeria Pres. Obasanjo deplored the recent killings in the southeast as the death toll passed 400.
    (WSJ, 3/2/00, p.A1)
2000        Mar 1, In Sudan government aircraft bombed a hospital compound in rebel-held territory in Lui. 2 people were killed and a dozen injured.
    (SFC, 3/4/00, p.C1)

2001        Mar 1, Afghanistan's ruling Taliban, defying international protests, began destroying all statues in the country.
    (AP, 3/1/02)
2001        Mar 1, The UK banned the Pakistan-based militant group Lashkar-e-Taiba.
    (WSJ, 12/8/08, p.A6)
2001        Mar 1, China was reported to consumed a little over 6% of the world’s total 75.5 million barrels per day.
    (WSJ, 3/1/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 1, In Ecuador 7 foreign oil workers (a Chilean, an Argentine, a New Zealander and four Americans), kidnapped last October, were released following a $13 million ransom.
    (SFC, 3/2/01, p.A16)(AP, 3/1/02)
2001        Mar 1, The Fiji high court ruled that the military-backed government was illegal and that the 1997 multi-racial constitution remained in effect.
    (SFC, 3/2/01, p.D5)(Econ, 8/14/04, p.40)
2001        Mar 1, In Israel a Palestinian in a taxi detonated a bomb that killed one passenger, injured 9 and blew off his own legs.
    (SFC, 3/2/01, p.A17)

2002        Mar 1, Pres. Bush approved plans to send some 100 US troops to Yemen to help train the nation’s military to fight terrorists.
    (SFC, 3/2/02, p.A14)
2002        Mar 1, Under pressure from prosecutors, the Archdiocese of Boston agreed to turn over the names of people allegedly molested by priests.
    (AP, 3/1/07)
2002        Mar 1, The space shuttle Columbia with 7 astronauts blasted into orbit on an 11-day mission that included work on the Hubble Space Telescope.
    (SFC, 3/2/02, p.A3)
2002        Mar 1, NASA scientists said that vast ice fields had been detected under the surface of Mars with a gamma ray spectrometer on the Odyssey orbiter
    (SFC, 3/2/02, p.A1)
2002        Mar 1, Grand American series driver Jeff Clinton was killed during practice in a crash at Homestead-Miami Speedway.
    (AP, 3/1/07)
2002        Mar 1, In China laid-off workers of the Daqing Oilfield Co. began massive protests for re-negotiation of early retirement packages. Some 86,000 of 260,000 workers had been laid off since 1999. Daily protests hit as many as 50k workers.
    (WSJ, 3/14/02, p.A1)(SFC, 3/20/02, p.A9)
2002        Mar 1, Envisat ("Environmental Satellite"), an Earth-observing satellite, was launched aboard an Ariane 5 from the Guyana Space Center in Kourou, French Guyana. After losing contact with the satellite on 8 April 2012, the European Space Agency formally announced the end of Envisat's mission on 9 May 2012.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Envisat)
2002        Mar 1, In Gujarat, India, the death toll from Hindu-Muslim violence passed 300 and some 3,500 troops moved into Ahmadabad to quell the violence. 14 Muslims burned to death in the Best Bakery in Vadodara. 21 Hindus, accused of murder, were later acquitted after almost 40 witnesses withdrew evidence. At least 23 people taking shelter in a house were killed when a mob set it on fire at Ode village in Anand district of Gujarat.
    (SFC, 3/2/02, p.A1)(Econ, 9/20/03, p.40)(http://tinyurl.com/7lha7n5)
2002        Mar 1, Israeli troops swept through refugee camps in Jenin and Nablus looking for terror suspects. One solder was killed along with 6 Palestinians fighters and a 10-year-old girl.
    (SFC, 3/2/02, p.A7)

2003          Mar 1, The US Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) ceased to exist as it was incorporated into the Dept. of Homeland Security.
    (SFC, 3/1/03, A6)
2003          Mar 1, The US designated 3 rebel groups in Chechnya as terrorist organizations linked to al-Qaeda and imposed a freeze on their US assets.
    (SSFC, 3/2/03, A21)
2003          Mar 1, In Geneva more than 170 nations agreed, despite US objections, on a text for a tobacco treaty that would impose worldwide restrictions on advertising and labeling, while clamping down on smuggling and second-hand smoke.
    (AP, 3/1/03)
2003          Mar 1, In Brazil a truce between landless farmworkers and President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva peace ended, when some 1,000 landless farmers occupied a ranch 80 miles west of Sao Paulo.
    (AP, 3/6/03)
2003          Mar 1, Rebels attacked the motorcade of Chechnya's pro-Moscow leader, Akhmad Kadyrov, killing four bodyguards and three policemen.
    (AP, 3/3/03)
2003          Mar 1, Arab leaders held a summit in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt. The UAR became the 1st Arab country to call for Saddam Hussein to step down.
    (SSFC, 3/2/03, A8)
2003          Mar 1, Iraq destroyed 4 of over 100 Al Samoud 2 missiles and agreed with the UN on a timetable to dismantle the rest of the missile program.
    (AP, 3/1/03)(SSFC, 3/2/03, A1)
2003          Mar 1, In the Ivory Coast government helicopter gunships attacked a rebel-held Bin-Houye, killing 20 civilians and injuring many others.
    (AP, 3/2/03)
2003          Mar 1, In Pakistan a joint raid outside Islamabad by CIA and Pakistani agents led to the arrest of Khalid Shaikh Mohammed (Khaled Sheikh Mohammed), the suspected mastermind of the Sept. 11, 2001 terror attacks, along with 2 others. Documents and computer files later revealed that the al Qaeda biochemical weapons program was well advanced.
    (AP, 3/1/03)(SSFC, 3/23/03, p.A1)
2003          Mar 1, In Poland the year-old left-leaning government under PM Leszek Miller collapsed after an emergency meeting between coalition partners broke down in a bitter dispute sparked by a new tax plan.
    (AP, 3/1/03)(SSFC, 3/2/03, A7)
2003          Mar 1, A small plane crashed in central Russia, killing 11 people.
    (AP, 3/1/03)
2003          Mar 1, In South Korea some 100,000 older people held a pro-US rally in Seoul. Hours later thousands of young people held an anti-US rally.
    (SSFC, 3/2/03, A16)
2003          Mar 1, In central Taiwan a train filled with tourists on a weekend outing overturned while descending a mountain, killing 17 people and injuring 102.
    (AP, 3/1/03)
2003          Mar 1, Turkey's parliament failed to approve a bill allowing in American combat troops to open a northern front against Iraq. Lawmakers voted 264-250 in favor of stationing US troops but that was 3 votes shy of a constitutionally mandated simple majority.
    (AP, 3/2/03)(AP, 3/1/08)
2003        Mar 1, The United Arab Emirates called for Saddam Hussein to step down, the first Arab country to do so publicly.
    (AP, 3/1/04)

2004        Mar 1, US officials said the United States has turned over seven Russian citizens who were being held at the U.S. detention center at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
    (AP, 3/1/04)
2004        Mar 1, The California Supreme Court ruled a Roman Catholic charity had to offer birth-control coverage to its employees.
    (AP, 3/1/05)
2004        Mar 1, An explosion in an unlicensed coal mine in northern China killed 28 miners.
    (AP, 3/3/04)
2004        Mar 1, In Haiti rebels rolled into the capital and were met by hundreds of residents dancing in the streets and cheering the ouster of Pres. Jean-Bertrand Aristide. U.S. Marines and French troops moved to take control of the impoverished country as Aristide arrived in South Africa. There were reports of reprisal killings.
    (AP, 3/1/04)(WSJ, 3/2/04, p.A1)
2004        Mar 1, Jean-Bertrand Aristide from the Central African Republic said in a telephone interview that he was "forced to leave" Haiti by U.S. military forces.
    (AP, 3/1/04)(SFC, 3/02/04, p.A1)
2004        Mar 1, In eastern India a motorboat packed with players and spectators heading to a cricket match capsized, and police said 20 people were feared dead.
    (AP, 3/1/04)
2004        Mar 1, Iraqi politicians agreed on an interim constitution with 2 official languages, a wide ranging bill of rights and a single chief executive, bridging a gulf between members over the role of Islam in the future government.
    (AP, 3/1/04)(WSJ, 3/2/04, p.A1)
2004        Mar 1, President Vladimir Putin nominated Mikhail Fradkov, a former tax police chief who is Russia's representative to the European Union, for the post of prime minister.
    (AP, 3/1/04)
2004        Mar 1, Kujo Krijestorac (51), a key witness to the murder of Serbian PM Zoran Djindjic, was gunned down near his Belgrade home.
    (AP, 3/9/04)

2005        Mar 1, The US Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that executing murderers under age 18 is unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 3/2/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 1, Dennis Rader, the churchgoing family man accused of leading a double life as the BTK serial killer, was charged in Wichita, Kan., with 10 counts of first-degree murder. Rader later pleaded guilty and received multiple life sentences.
    (AP, 3/1/06)
2005        Mar 1, In Congo UN peacekeeping troops, backed by an attack helicopter, responded after being fired on and killed up to 60 militants accused of terrorizing villagers and killing nine Bangladeshi peacekeepers. Congo arrested an eastern militia leader and 2 generals related to the peacekeeper killings. Women fighters were among the 50 people killed by UN troops under Dutch Gen. Patrick Cammaert. On April 12 the human rights group Justice Plus listed names of several alleged civilian victims from the raid in eastern Congo and said they "paid with their life, while the mandate of the United Nations was to protect them."
    (AP, 3/2/05)(WSJ, 3/2/05, p.A1)(Reuters, 3/5/05)(Econ, 3/12/05, p.49)(AP, 4/13/05)
2005        Mar 1, French journalist Florence Aubenas, looking pale and distraught, appealed for help on a video in her first since she went missing in Iraq on Jan. 5.
    (AP, 3/1/05)
2005        Mar 1, In Guatemala City some 8,000 protesters, most of them teachers, demonstrated in the capital against a pending free-trade agreement between Central America and the US.
    (AP, 3/2/05)
2005        Mar 1, Indonesia reduced subsidies on various fuels.
    (Econ, 3/5/05, p.43)
2005        Mar 1, In northern Baghdad's Azamyiah district gunmen killed judge Barwez Mohammed Mahmoud (59) and his lawyer son, members of Iraq’s war crimes tribunal.
    (AP, 3/2/05)(SFC, 3/2/05, p.A12)
2005        Mar 1, Lebanon's president took on the task of forming a new government, while opposition leaders shook off the jubilation of using people power to force out a pro-Syrian Cabinet.
    (AP, 3/1/05)
2005        Mar 1, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas pledged to reform Palestinian security. Militants in the West Bank town of Jenin issued a belligerent challenge to the new Palestinian leadership's efforts to rein in militant groups, shooting in the air and demanding that the visiting security chief, Interior Minister Nasser Yousef, leave the area immediately.
    (AP, 3/1/05)
2005        Mar 1, In Geneva, Switz., Edouard Stern, French financier and former Lazard banker, was found dead in his home. Swiss police later arrested Cecile Brossard (36), his French lover, who confessed to the sex-related killing of banker Edouard Stern. During her trial in 2009 she said that she lost control after Stern called her a whore. On June 18, 2009, Brossard was sentenced to eight and a half years in prison.
    (WSJ, 3/3/05, p.A1)(AP, 3/16/05)(WSJ, 4/14/05, p.A1)(SFC, 6/15/09, p.A2)(AP, 6/18/09)
2005        Mar 1, Ukraine’s top security body decided to Ukrainian troops from Iraq.
    (SFC, 3/2/05, p.A12)   
2005        Mar 1, Dr. Tabare Vazquez (65) took office as Uruguay's first socialist president, joining the ranks of left-leaning leaders in Latin America, now six in all, governing a majority of the region's people with a cautious approach to U.S.-backed free-market policies. In one of his first official acts, he restored full diplomatic ties with communist Cuba, more than two years after a diplomatic row divided the countries.
    (AP, 3/1/05)

2006        Mar 1, President Bush, on an unannounced visit to Afghanistan, vowed to stand by this emerging democracy and "not cut and run" in the face of rising violence. He also predicted Osama bin Laden would be captured despite a futile five-year hunt.
    (AP, 3/1/06)
2006        Mar 1, The Cape Town Convention, aimed to cut the risk of financing the purchase or lease of aircraft, became effective. It made it easier for creditors to seize airplanes from deadbeat carriers.
    (WSJ, 2/27/06, p.A4)
2006        Mar 1, A senior official said authorities have regained control of Afghanistan's Policharki prison after four days of rioting allegedly sparked by al-Qaida and Taliban convicts. 6 inmates were killed in the revolt.
    (AP, 3/1/06)
2006        Mar 1, Algeria said it will release more than 2,000 Islamist ex-fighters soon under an amnesty to promote reconciliation after years of conflict in the oil-exporting country.
    (Reuters, 3/2/06)
2006        Mar 1, British police charged three suspects in the $92 million robbery at a cash depot in southeastern England, the world's largest known peacetime theft.
    (AP, 3/1/06)
2006        Mar 1, Actor Jack Wild (53), who'd played the Artful Dodger in the 1968 film "Oliver!," died in Bedfordshire, England.
    (AP, 3/1/07)
2006        Mar 1, China moved ahead with 3 new internet address suffixes in the Chinese language, as national variants to .cn, .com and .net.
    (Econ, 3/4/06, p.61)
2006        Mar 1, Congolese army soldiers fighting alongside U.N. peacekeepers against ethnic militiamen mutinied and ransacked a UN camp in the east of the vast country. Hundreds of peacekeepers and thousands of government troops have fought for three days to dislodge militia fighters from the town of Tchei in northeastern Ituri district, where ethnic violence has killed 60,000 people since 1999.
    (Reuters, 3/1/06)(Reuters, 3/2/06)
2006        Mar 1, El Salvador became the first Central American nation to join a regional free trade agreement with the United States.
    (AP, 3/1/06)
2006        Mar 1, Greek lawmakers approved new legislation to lift a standing ban on cremation of the dead.
    (AP, 3/1/06)
2006        Mar 1, Two Haitian security guards employed by the US Embassy were shot to death near the American ambassador's official residence.
    (AP, 3/2/06)
2006        Mar 1, In India tens of thousands of Indians waving black and white flags and chanting "Death to Bush!" rallied in New Delhi to protest a visit by President Bush.
    (AP, 3/1/06)
2006        Mar 1, In Iraq a car bomb near a traffic police office in a primarily Shiite neighborhood in southeast Baghdad killed at least 23 people and wounded 58. A bomb hidden under a car detonated as a police patrol passed near downtown Tahrir Square. 3 civilians died and 15 were wounded. Mortar shells fell on 3 houses in the mixed Sunni-Shiite town of Mahmoudiya, 20 miles south of Baghdad, killing 3 civilians. A fifth mortar shell slammed into the mixed Qadisiyah neighborhood in west Baghdad, killing a woman and wounding a child. At least 47 people were killed as sectarian and insurgent killings continued.   
    (AP, 3/1/06)(WSJ, 3/2/06, p.A1)
2006        Mar 1, It was reported that Japan was on the verge of a shift in monetary policy. An end to a policy of easy money, begun in 2001 to spur spending, was expected to have a major effect on global financial markets as interest rates got forced up.
    (WSJ, 3/1/06, p.A1)
2006        Mar 1, Inmates of Juweideh prison released Jordan's top prison official along with a half-dozen police officers they had taken hostage, ending a 14-hour riot in 3 prisons that broke out over the fate of two convicted al-Qaida killers.
    (AP, 3/2/06)
2006        Mar 1, Kosovo PM Bajram Kosumi resigned, days after the start of crucial talks on whether the province will gain full independence or remain part of Serbia.
    (AP, 3/2/06)
2006        Mar 1, Security forces in western Nepal found 29 bodies of soldiers and suspected rebels at the site of a fierce clash. Five insurgents were reported killed in an accidental explosion.
    (AP, 3/1/06)
2006        Mar 1, In Nigeria militants released six foreign oil workers, including a diabetic Texan celebrating his 69th birthday, taken captive last month to press fighters' demands for a greater share of oil revenues generated in this restive southern state.
    (AP, 3/1/06)
2006        Mar 1, Pakistani security forces backed by helicopter gunships struck a militant hide-out in a tribal region near the Afghan border, killing 45 fighters, including a Chechen commander linked to al-Qaida.
    (AP, 3/1/06)
2006        Mar 1, Palestinian leaders returned some $30 million of $46 million that the US donated directly to the government and will send back the rest before the militant Hamas organization takes over. The current government, led by Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas' moderate Fatah Party, agreed under US pressure to return about $46 million in unspent direct donations. The Palestinian Authority gets about $1 billion of its annual $1.9 billion budget from overseas donors, with European nations the largest contributors.
    (AP, 3/2/06)
2006        Mar 1, An explosion in a car in Gaza City killed rocket maker Khaled Dahdouh (45), Islamic Jihad's top military commander in the Gaza Strip. The Israeli military, which carries out pinpointed attacks against militants in the coastal strip, said it was not involved. Palestinian militants shot and killed a Jewish settler traveling on a road near the settlement of Tapuah.
    (AP, 3/1/06)
2006        Mar 1, Russia reported that some 495,000 birds had died from H5N1 bird flu in regions near the Caspian and Black seas since Feb 3.
    (SFC, 3/2/06, p.A6)

2007        Mar 1, The US Department of Defense notified Congress that it plans to sell Taiwan missiles worth $421 million dollars.
    (AFP, 3/1/07)
2007        Mar 1, The US Army general in charge of Walter Reed Army Medical Center was relieved of command after disclosures about dilapidated buildings and inadequate treatment of wounded soldiers.
    (AP, 3/1/08)
2007        Mar 1, An independent commission concluded the US National Guard and Reserves weren't getting enough money or equipment.
    (AP, 3/1/08)
2007        Mar 1, The US military announced that it has sent home two Afghans and three Tajikistani detainees at Guantanamo Bay, leaving fewer that 400 prisoners at the naval base.
    (AP, 3/1/07)
2007        Mar 1, Deborah Palfrey (1956-2008) of Vallejo, Ca., was indicted in Washington DC for running a $2 million prostitution ring. She threatened to sell detailed phone records of her clients to pay for her defense. At least 132 women were employed by her firm in the Washington area from 1993-2006. On April 15, 2008, Palfrey was convicted of racketeering and other charges.
    (SFC, 3/3/07, p.B1)(SFC, 4/16/08, p.A2)
2007        Mar 1, Paul Joyal (53), a US expert on Russian intelligence, was hit several times as he returned home in Washington DC. The shooting came four days after Joyal alleged in a major television network interview that the government of Russian President Vladimir Putin was involved in the radiation poisoning of a former KGB agent in London.
    (AFP, 3/3/07)
2007        Mar 1, A violent storm system ripped apart an Alabama high school as students hunkered inside and later tore through Georgia, hitting a hospital and raising the death toll to at least 20 across the Midwest and Southeast. Eight students died when a tornado struck Alabama’s Enterprise High School.
    (AP, 3/1/07)
2007        Mar 1, NASA said the Cassini spacecraft has snapped never-before-seen images of Saturn showing the planet from perspectives above and below its ring system.
    (Reuters, 3/1/07)
2007        Mar 1, In western Afghanistan a bomb targeting a provincial police chief's vehicle killed two people and wounded 53. Authorities in Helmand province found the bullet-riddled body of a kidnapped doctor.
    (AFP, 3/1/07)
2007        Mar 1, Argentine President Nestor Kirchner trumpeted his government's performance on the economy and human rights during his state-of-the-nation address, and also defended his ties to Venezuelan leftist Hugo Chavez. Argentina under Kirchner had begun doctoring inflation statistics to keep them in single digits while the true rate this year rose to around 25%. The government was able to save some $500 million in payments on bonds linked to the consumer price index, but destroyed its credibility.
    (AP, 3/1/07)(Econ, 9/27/08, p.49)
2007        Mar 1, Belarus dismissed new financial sanctions imposed by the United States as politically senseless. President Alexander Lukashenko said his country was ready to normalize relations with Washington.
    (AP, 3/1/07)
2007        Mar 1, Belgian firefighters clashed with police, trading barrages from water cannons during a chaotic demonstration near the nation's parliament, injuring six people. The firefighters sought better working conditions, earlier retirement and better compensation when they are injured.
    (AP, 3/1/07)
2007        Mar 1, In Brazil Slovenian Martin Strel approached the halfway point of his attempt to swim the entire length of the Amazon river, trying to avoid severe burns, alligators and the dreaded bloodsucking toothpick fish.
    (AP, 3/1/07)
2007        Mar 1, Britain confirmed it will withdraw its more than 600 remaining troops from Bosnia as concerns about security in the Balkan state ease.
    (AP, 3/1/07)
2007        Mar 1, Cynthia Carroll (49), former head of Canada’s Alcan Primary Metal Group, replaced Tony Trahar as CEO of Anglo American, the world’s 2nd biggest mining conglomerate.
    (Econ, 6/30/07, p.77)(www.miningmx.com/mining_fin/318860.htm)
2007        Mar 1, In Colombia a car bomb exploded in the southern city of Neiva, injuring 8 people in an apparent assassination attempt of the town's pro-government mayor by leftist rebels.
    (AP, 3/2/07)
2007        Mar 1, In Denmark dozens of people were arrested after angry protesters threw cobblestones at police when an anti-terror squad started a disputed eviction of squatters from a building in downtown Copenhagen.
    (AP, 3/1/07)
2007        Mar 1, In northern Ethiopia 15 European tourists were kidnapped in the Afar desert. The ARDUF has been fighting for years against Ethiopia and Eritrea over lands inhabited by ethnic Afar.
    (AP, 3/2/07)
2007        Mar 1, EU officials launched the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights, an effort to stamp out intolerance in the 27-nation bloc under a crush of immigrants.
    (SFC, 3/2/07, p.A14)
2007        Mar 1, In France, Germany and Spain workers at Airbus revolted against massive cutbacks, planning a strike next week in a warning to the company that its recovery strategy is in for a long, tough haul.
    (AFP, 3/1/07)
2007        Mar 1, The environment ministry in the state of Lower Saxony said a German man had obtained enriched uranium and buried it in his garden, raising concerns about the security of Germany's nuclear reactors.
    (AP, 3/1/07)
2007        Mar 1, India’s government approved a proposal to merge 4 state-owned air-carriers in order to make them more competitive.
    (Econ, 3/10/07, p.59)
2007        Mar 1, Surender Koli, an Indian servant, confessed to killing and sexually assaulting at least 19 children and women and stuffing their dismembered remains into a storm drain outside the house where he worked.
    (AP, 3/2/07)
2007        Mar 1, In Iraq one person killed in a roadside bomb in Baghdad. Up to 5 guests were killed and 10 injured when a car bomb exploded at a police officer’s wedding in Fallujah. An American Marine was killed in combat in Anbar province.
    (AP, 3/1/07)(AP, 3/2/07)(SFC, 3/2/07, p.A8)
2007        Mar 1, PM Shinzo Abe said there was no evidence Japan coerced Asian women into working as sex slaves during World War II, backtracking from a landmark 1993 statement in which the government acknowledged that it set up and ran brothels for its troops. A passenger train derailed in northern Japan after slamming into a truck, leaving dozens injured including 25 high school students.
    (AP, 3/1/07)
2007        Mar 1, Avalanches and landslides in Kashmir forced Indian security teams to airlift thousands of people to safe areas, while at least eight Pakistani soldiers were feared dead after they were buried under a snowslide near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 3/2/07)
2007        Mar 1, Morocco’s King Mohammed VI pardoned 8,836 prisoners to celebrate the birth of his baby girl. Princess Lalla Salma gave birth to a baby girl a day earlier. The king also reduced the sentences of 24,218 other prisoners.
    (AP, 3/3/07)
2007        Mar 1, North Korea's No. 2 leader pledged his country's commitment to giving up its nuclear program amid intensifying diplomacy aimed at implementing Pyongyang's pledge to disarm.
    (AP, 3/1/07)
2007        Mar 1, Paraguay declared a state of emergency following a wave of dengue fever cases as concerns over the mosquito-borne illness rise across Latin America. Health officials have reported some 14,000 cases of the disease this year, with four deaths.
    (AP, 3/2/07)
2007        Mar 1, In Peru church bells rang and a sea of confetti fluttered through Lima's historical central plaza at the stroke of noon, alerting Peruvians to synchronize their watches at the start of a nationwide campaign to promote punctuality.
    (AP, 3/1/07)
2007        Mar 1, In Puerto Rico the US attorney's office in San Juan announced that a US federal grand jury indicted seven people in a case where terminally ill cancer patients were allegedly injected with a bogus cure made from the patients' own blood.
    (AP, 3/1/07)
2007        Mar 1, President Vladimir Putin nominated Ramzan Kadyrov, a widely feared security chief, as the new president of Chechnya. Europe's human rights chief denounced torture and other rampant abuses in the war-battered region. Kadyrov, who previously had served as Chechnya's prime minister, has run a security force that is accused of abducting and abusing suspected rebels and civilians believed to be connected to them.
    (AP, 3/1/07)
2007        Mar 1, Senegal officials said President Abdoulaye Wade received 56 percent of the vote to avoid a runoff and easily win re-election in this West African nation.
    (AP, 3/1/07)
2007        Mar 1, Singapore’s American Chamber of Commerce said trade between Singapore and the United States rose 19 percent in 2006 from the year before, the second fastest growth rate among Washington's major trading partners.
    (AP, 3/1/07)
2007        Mar 1, An advance team of an African peacekeeping force to Somalia arrived unannounced into the country.
    (AP, 3/1/07)
2007        Mar 1, Zambia's Lands Minister Gladys Nyirongo acknowledged at a major conference on graft in Africa that "Corruption is everywhere, in the villages, wherever." Hours later she was sacked. President Levy Mwanawasa said: "She gave land to herself, her two daughters, her sons and her husband."
    (AP, 3/4/07)
2007        Mar 1, Zimbabwe's central bank introduced two new bank notes as it battles a four figure rate of inflation that is rapidly eroding the value of the local currency. Zimbabwe state media reported that the government has admitted that state agents are jamming radio broadcasts by foreign stations deemed hostile to President Robert Mugabe's government.
    (AP, 3/1/07)

2008        Mar 1, It was reported that 78% of Americans say they belong to the Christian tradition, while 5% said they belong to other faiths.
    (Econ, 3/1/08, p.34)
2008        Mar 1, In Emory, Texas, a teenage girl joined her boyfriend and two others to help kill her mother and 2 brothers (8,13). Her parents had demanded that she break up with her boyfriend. Terry Caffey, the father, survived with 5 shots.
    (SFC, 3/3/08, p.A4)
2008        Mar 1, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb struck a tractor, killing three people, including a woman and a child, and wounding seven others.
    (AP, 3/1/08)
2008        Mar 1, Algerian troops called in helicopters and assaulted a hideout with rockets and helicopter fire, killing 25 members of an al-Qaida affiliate in North Africa.
    (AP, 3/2/08)
2008        Mar 1, Armenian police forcefully dispersed a demonstration by several hundred opposition supporters who had camped out in the capital for more than a week to protest the results of presidential elections. The violent protests left eight dead and more than 100 injured and prompted President Robert Kocharian to declare a sweeping, 20-day state of emergency.
    (AP, 3/1/08)(AP, 3/2/08)
2008        Mar 1, In Australia up to 300,000 people lined Sydney's streets to watch the Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras, as the largest gay pride march in the Asia Pacific region marked its 30th anniversary.
    (AP, 3/1/08)
2008        Mar 1, BHP Billiton, Melbourne-based mining giant, said it plans to invest $975 million to upgrade and expand its thermal coal mines in South Africa to sustain coal exports amid soaring coal prices.
    (Reuters, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 1, Colombia's defense minister said security forces killed Raul Reyes (59), a leading commander of the FARC rebel group, in combat and air strikes in neighboring Ecuador. Reyes was the nom de guerre of Luis Edgar Devia. 23 other rebels were also killed and a laptop computer was seized with documents indicating a close relationship between the rebels and Venezuela’s Pres. Chavez. Colombia later acknowledged that an Ecuadorean was killed during the raid. It was later reported that a computer memory stick was acquired in the raid that held the names, aliases and identity numbers of 9,387 rebels, including some photos.
    (AP, 3/1/08)(AP, 3/5/08)(Econ, 3/8/08, p.43)(AP, 3/24/08)(AP, 9/25/08)
2008        Mar 1, A violent storm plagued parts of Europe and deaths rose to 10 after two people in Poland were killed by falling objects because of hurricane-strength winds. Germany reported 2 deaths, the Czech Rep. 2 deaths and 4 more in Austria.
    (AP, 3/2/08)
2008        Mar 1, In Iraq 2 separate attacks on buses of Shiites killed five people and wounded 11. The US military said it had killed six insurgents and detained 13 suspects in the last 24 hours during operations against al-Qaida in Iraq in central and northern Iraq.
    (AP, 3/1/08)
2008        Mar 1, In Nepal some 1,300 makeshift bamboo huts were destroyed at the Goldhap refugee camp before the blaze was brought under control. The fire left estimated 10,000 refugees without shelter.
    (AP, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 1, In Pakistan police formally charged top Pakistani Taliban commander Baitullah Mehsud with plotting the murder of Benazir Bhutto.
    (AP, 3/1/08)
2008        Mar 1, Palestinians called off peace talks with Israel after 33 Gazans, at least half of them civilians, were killed in violence that escalated sharply during the day. The death toll climbed as Israeli troops, backed by tanks and aircraft, went after Palestinian militants who fired 40 rockets and mortars at southern Israeli communities near Gaza. A total of 54 Palestinians, roughly half of them civilians, were killed in fighting, the highest single-day death toll in more than seven years of violence. Two Israeli soldiers also were killed.
    (AP, 3/1/08)(AP, 3/2/08)
2008        Mar 1, In the Philippines a bomb wounded two Filipino soldiers and four women at a bar near a military camp on Jolo Island, where US troops were conducting counterterrorism training.
    (AP, 3/2/08)
2008        Mar 1, In Spain thousands of pro-hunting demonstrators blowing bugles and accompanied by hunting dogs, thronged a boulevard in central Madrid to protest a law restricting the use of lead shot.
    (AP, 3/1/08)
2008        Mar 1, At least 69 nomads and nine soldiers were killed were killed in clashes with forces from the ex-rebel Sudan People's Liberation Army in southern Sudan.
    (AFP, 3/2/08)

2009        Mar 1, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide car bomb blew up near US-led soldiers, wounding six civilians outside Jalalabad. Attacks in Kandahar province left seven security guards dead. The US-led coalition killed four alleged militants in Kandahar.
    (AFP, 3/1/09)
2009        Mar 1, Bangladeshi police charged more than 1,000 border guards with murder and arson after a bloody mutiny in the capital left as many as 148 people dead or missing, most of them army officers.
    (AP, 3/1/09)
2009        Mar 1, China's lunar probe,  the Chang'e-1, named for a moon goddess, ended its 16-month life with a planned crash into the moon.
    (Reuters, 3/1/09)
2009        Mar 1, Scores of Tibetan monks in southwestern China marched in protest over the banning of a prayer service, the latest incident in an apparent increase in acts of defiance against Chinese rule ahead of sensitive anniversaries.
    (AP, 3/2/09)
2009        Mar 1, Germany rejected appeals for a single multibillion euro (dollar) bailout of eastern Europe, even after Hungry begged EU leaders not to let a new "Iron Curtain" divide the continent into rich and poor.
    (AP, 3/1/09)
2009        Mar 1, An adviser to Iran's president demanded an apology from a team of visiting Hollywood actors and movie industry officials, including Annette Bening, saying films such as "300" and "The Wrestler" were "insulting" to Iranians. The film "300," portrays the battle of Thermopylae in 480 B.C., in which a force of 300 Spartans held off a massive Persian army at a mountain pass in Greece for three days. It angered many Iranians for the way Persians are depicted as decadent, sexually flamboyant and evil in contrast to the noble Greeks.
    (AP, 3/1/09)
2009        Mar 1, In Iraq about 2,000 Shiites staged marches to protest the results of provincial elections in tense Diyala province.
    (AP, 3/1/09)
2009        Mar 1, Israel's attorney general notified PM Ehud Olmert that he planned to indict him on suspicion of illicitly taking cash-stuffed envelopes from a Jewish-American businessman, a sensational case that turned public opinion so sharply against the Israeli leader that he was forced to resign.
    (AP, 3/1/09)
2009        Mar 1, Officials said the Malaysian government will issue a new decree restoring a ban on Christian publications using the word "Allah" to refer to God.
    (AP, 3/1/09)
2009        Mar 1, Mexican federal police made two arrests and confiscated weapons and marijuana in Tijuana, across the US border from San Diego, after coming under attack by men linked to a drug cartel.
    (AP, 3/1/09)
2009        Mar 1, In northwest Pakistan at least eight people were killed in two suspected US missile strikes in South Waziristan near to the border with Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 3/1/09)
2009        Mar 1, Tony Blair paid his first visit to the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip as envoy of international peace brokers and said reconstruction aid after Israel's offensive would not have a lasting effect without peace. Israel’s PM Ehud Olmert threatened painful retaliation against Gaza militants for rockets still hitting Israel, six weeks after its military halted an offensive that was supposed to have stopped them for good.
    (Reuters, 3/1/09)(AP, 3/1/09)
2009        Mar 1, Russia's ruling party cemented its grip on elected posts with big victories in local elections despite an economic crisis, but the opposition complained of widespread cheating.
    (Reuters, 3/2/09)
2009        Mar 1, In Spain Basque voters chose a new government. Socialists scored big electoral gains at the expense of nationalists who have held power there for nearly 30 years. The nationalist coalition with 37 seats fell one seat short of the needed majority.
    (AP, 3/1/09)(AP, 3/2/09)(SFC, 3/2/09, p.A2)
2009        Mar 1, In Sudan Riek Machar, the vice president of the southern Sudan government, said clashes last week between militia and local government troops in Malakal killed at least 57 people and wounded nearly 100.
    (AP, 3/2/09)
2009        Mar 1, In Thailand Southeast Asian leaders (ASEAN) vowed to push ahead with ambitious plans to become a European Union-style economic community by 2015 despite roadblocks posed by the global financial crisis and Myanmar's dismal human rights record.
    (AP, 3/1/09)

2010        Mar 1, The US Department of Transportation furloughed nearly 2,000 employees without pay as the government began to feel the impact of Republican Sen. Jim Bunning's one-man blockage of legislation that would keep a host of federal programs operating. Bunning's home state of Kentucky has no projects affected by his action. Kentucky Republican Jim Bunning relented March 2, freeing the Senate to approve stopgap legislation extending for another month a host of programs, including highway funding, health insurance subsidies for the unemployed and benefits for the long-term jobless.
    (http://news.yahoo.com/s/mcclatchy/3439731)(AP, 3/3/10)
2010        Mar 1, General Motors Co. said it is recalling 1.3 million Chevrolet and Pontiac compact cars sold in the US, Canada and Mexico to fix power steering motors that can fail.
    (AP, 3/2/10)
2010        Mar 1, In Detroit, Mi., Monica Botello (26) and her boyfriend Purcell Carson (26) were shot to death in a slaying that was reported to a 911 dispatcher by Botello’s daughter (9). On March 20 US marshals arrested Derrick Smith (42) in Gardena, Ca., for the murders.
    (SSFC, 3/21/10, p.A9)
2010        Mar 1, Afghanistan announced a ban on news coverage of Taliban strikes, saying such coverage only emboldened the Islamist militants. The move was denounced by Afghan journalism and rights groups. Two blasts hours apart killed at least six people in Kandahar. Four NATO service members died in separate attacks, including a suicide car bomb that targeted an international military convey as it crossed a bridge in the Taliban-dominated south.
    (AP, 3/1/10)(AFP, 3/1/10)
2010        Mar 1, In Australia about 5,200 naked people embraced each other on the steps of Sydney's iconic Opera House for a photo shoot by Spencer Tunick.
    (AP, 3/1/10)
2010        Mar 1, Daniel Houghton (25), a former MI6 spy, was arrested after British intelligence posed as the potential buyer of top secret files on intelligence gathering techniques. Prosecutor Piers Arnold later said Houghton, who is a dual Dutch and British national, is accused of copying top secret files from the domestic agency MI5 to CD and DVDs while working for the MI6 overseas intelligence service between September 2007 and May 2009. On Sep 3, 2010, Houghton was sentenced to one year in prison. He was expected to walk free as he has already spent 184 days in custody.
    (AP, 3/3/10)(AFP, 9/3/10)
2010        Mar 1, British insurer Prudential PLC said it will buy the Asian unit of bailed out American International Group Inc. in a deal worth $35.5 billion that will allow AIG to pay back some of the money it owes US taxpayers.
    (AP, 3/1/10)
2010        Mar 1, In China 11 newspapers took a rare stand against a Mao Zedong-era system blamed for the wide gap between the country's rich and poor. Within hours their jointly signed editorial had largely disappeared online. 11 newspapers published a joint editorial calling on the National People’s Congress (NPC) to scrap the hukou system, which was originally intended to stop rural migrants flowing into the cities.
    (AP, 3/2/10)(Econ, 5/8/10, p.26)
2010        Mar 1, In China Toyota President Akio Toyoda apologized in Beijing to Chinese customers for the company's quality problems and emphasized the importance of the fast-growing market to his company.
    (AP, 3/1/10)
2010        Mar 1, Chinese rescuers worked to save 31 coal miners trapped underground by a flood at the Luotoushan, or Camel Head Mountain, coal mine in Wuhai city in northern Inner Mongolia. One miner was reported killed. On May 2 state news agency Xinhua reported that emergency workers have recovered 28 bodies from the mine in China's Inner Mongolia region that flooded in early-March. 3 people were still missing.
    (AP, 3/1/10)(AP, 3/2/10)(AFP, 5/2/10)
2010        Mar 1, The European Union urged Greece to take extra austerity measures within days to tackle a debt crisis that has shaken the euro zone and promised to help Athens overcome the problem.
    (Reuters, 3/1/10)
2010        Mar 1, France and Russia pursued their burgeoning courtship with a formal state visit by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev to Paris, which is angling to sell Moscow a massive warship and secure stakes in pipelines pumping Russian gas to western Europe.
    (AP, 3/1/10)
2010        Mar 1, Georgia and Russia reopened their only direct border crossing, more than three years after it was closed amid rising tension that erupted into war in 2008.
    (AP, 3/1/10)
2010        Mar 1, In southern India nearly 3000 Muslims protested a newspaper article they say was critical of Islam, clashing with police and leaving at least two people dead and dozens injured in Shimoga, Karnataka state.
    (AP, 3/2/10)
2010        Mar 1, In Iran editor Behrouz Behzadi of the Etemaad daily said his newspaper was banned by the Press Supervisory Board. The order cited article six of the press law without elaborating. That article allows newspapers to be closed for offenses from security violations to insulting articles. A weekly called Irandokht was also closed down. One of its editors was arrested last month. Iranian media said six journalists and opposition activists held for suspected involvement in the country's postelection turmoil have been released on bail. Jafar Panahi (49), an internationally acclaimed filmmaker, was taken into custody along with another person who was in his company. Panahi was released on bail on May 25. In December Panahi was sentenced to 6 years in prison and barred from making films or participating in political activities for two decades.
    (AP, 3/1/10)(AP, 3/2/10)(AP, 5/25/10)(SFC, 12/21/10, p.A2)
2010        Mar 1, Niger coup chief Maj. Salou Djibou signed a decree appointing 20 ministers. Five of the posts went to women and five to officers.
    (AP, 3/2/10)
2010        Mar 1, In Nigeria a spokesman said police detained 17 officers over the weekend for questioning after the Al-Jazeera news channel aired a video on Feb 9 showing uniformed men executing people in Boko Haram town where religious rioting left 700 people dead last year. Gunmen attacked a van carrying 21 people working for the network's SuperSport channels after the crew filmed a soccer match in the Niger Delta. One of three kidnapped sports journalists escaped his captors.
    (AP, 3/1/10)(AP, 3/4/10)
2010        Mar 1, Pakistani militants attacked a tanker carrying fuel to NATO and US forces in Afghanistan. One insurgent was killed and the tanker was destroyed.
    (AP, 3/1/10)
2010        Mar 1, A World Food Program spokesman militants in Somalia are preventing food from reaching more than 366,000 people who need it, following a statement by Islamists that aid agencies were helping "apostates" in the war-ravaged Horn of Africa nation.
    (AP, 3/1/10)
2010        Mar 1, Somali pirates hijacked a Saudi tanker in the Gulf of Aden. The Al Nisr Al Saudi usually carried fuel oil but was empty when it was taken with 14 crew onboard. NATO said one of its destroyers sank a pirate mothership off the Somali coast. Pirate crew members were transferred to a smaller boat and allowed to return to the mainland.
    (AP, 3/3/10)(SFC, 3/2/10, p.A2)(SFC, 3/4/10, p.A2)
2010        Mar 1, Ukraine’s Pres. Viktor Yanukovych visited Brussels saying "Our priorities will include integration into the European Union, bringing up constructive relations with the Russian Federation, and developing friendly relations with strategic partners such as the United States."
    (AP, 3/1/10)
2010        Mar 1, A Yemen government raid left Ali Saleh al-Hadi, a southern activist, his wife and three children dead during an ongoing crackdown on southern separatists.
    (AP, 3/1/10)
2010        Mar 1, A UN source said hundreds of civilians were feared to have died last week in a surge of fighting between the Sudanese army and rebels in the turbulent Darfur region.
    (Reuters, 3/1/10)
2010        Mar 1, A Russian human rights group said the government of Uzbekistan has falsely accused about 200 people of killing officials and plotting a coup in the authoritarian Central Asian nation.
    (AP, 3/1/10)
2010        Mar 1, In Uruguay Jose Mujica (74) took the presidential oath of office.
    (SFC, 3/2/10, p.A2)
2010        Mar 1, In Zimbabwe a new law took effect, giving companies valued at more than 500,000 US dollars 45 days to inform the government of the racial make-up of their shareholders. The main labor body said  the new law, requiring locals to own 51 percent of major foreign firms, could hurt the nation's economic recovery.
    (AFP, 3/1/10)

2011        Mar 1, US Immigration and Customs Enforcement said federal agents working with state and local authorities have arrested 678 people in 168 cities from December to February. It was part of a 5-year effort aimed at street gangs with ties to Mexican drug cartels and other drug traffickers.
    (SFC, 3/1/11, p.A4)
2011        Mar 1, In Afghanistan an insurgent attack killed a NATO service member in the south.  Residents in Ghazni burned blankets, clothing and other items that they said coalition troops had distributed in the city a day earlier. 9 young children died in a NATO strike as they collected firewood in Darah-Ye Pech district of northeastern Kunar province. The incident happened after an insurgent rocket attack on a military base prompted coalition forces to return fire.
    (AP, 3/1/11)(AP, 3/2/11)
2011        Mar 1, China told journalists they must "cooperate" with police and respect the country's laws, after several foreign reporters were roughed up in a crackdown on calls for anti-government rallies. The government blamed foreign reporters for a weekend ruckus with police who tried to prevent them covering a planned protest in Beijing, as rights groups slammed China for curtailing press freedoms.
    (AFP, 3/1/11)(Reuters, 3/1/11)
2011        Mar 1, China’s National Museum in Beijing re-opened following a nearly 4-year refurbishment that cost some 2.5 billion yuan.
    (http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/china/2011-03/01/c_13755545.htm)
2011        Mar 1, In Colombia over a dozen attackers firing assault rifles killed four police officers and two other people in robbing a cash shipment that had just arrived by helicopter in the southwestern city of Caloto. Presumed rebels killed a soldier and a civilian motorcycle rider in an attack on a military checkpoint just minutes before a convoy carrying US and UN officials passed by in the Uraba region of Antioquia.
    (AP, 3/1/11)
2011        Mar 1, The European Court of Justice said insurers must stop setting prices based on gender, in a move that could raise costs for women drivers, cut male pensions, and prompt more legal challenges to insurance pricing practices.
    (Reuters, 3/1/11)
2011        Mar 1, French fashion house Christian Dior said John Galliano has been immediately laid off, just days after he was suspended as its creative director pending an investigation into an alleged anti-Semitic incident in a Paris cafe last week.
    (AP, 3/1/11)
2011        Mar 1, German Defense Minister Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg resigned after admitting to copying part of a doctoral dissertation, stunning Angela Merkel and depriving her conservatives of their brightest star.
    (Reuters, 3/1/11)
2011        Mar 1, Volkswagen showed a concept version of its iconic microbus van, known by its German nickname, the Bulli, at the Geneva Auto Show. Among the six-seater's modern twists: It's powered by an electric motor and uses an iPad to control the entertainment system, climate control and other functions.
    (AP, 3/1/11)
2011        Mar 1, Iran's security forces fired teargas and clashed with opposition supporters in Tehran, where demonstrators rallied to demand the release of two opposition leaders. The opposition said at least 79 people were arrested at the protest rallies, which the government denied had taken place at all. Iranian diplomat Ahmed Maleki, who defected last month, said that Iran's leaders would rather "slaughter" their own people than surrender power to any popular revolt inspired by uprisings across the Arab world.
    (Reuters, 3/1/11)
2011        Mar 1, Suspected Jewish settlers smashed the windows of 7 Palestinian cars and threw a fire bomb at a Palestinian house in the West Bank.
    (AP, 3/1/11)
2011        Mar 1, Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi dispatched forces to a western border area in defiance of Western military and economic pressure. Residents of Zawiya, the rebel-held city closest to Tripoli, passed out sweets and cold drinks to fighters and celebrated with a victory march after they managed to repel an overnight attack by forces loyal to Gadhafi. At least 1,000 people were feared dead in the bloody crackdown on anti-government protesters.
    (Reuters, 3/1/11)(AP, 3/1/11)(AFP, 3/1/11)
2011        Mar 1, The UN refugee agency said that the situation on Libya's border with Tunisia is reaching a crisis point after 70,000 to 75,000 people fled from the violence in Libya since February 20.
    (AFP, 3/1/11)
2011        Mar 1, Malta said it was refusing to return two Libyan fighter jets that landed on the island last week after their pilots defected.
    (AP, 3/1/11)
2011        Mar 1, Mexican soldiers and police rescued former Tierra Blanca mayor Alfredo Osorio from kidnappers in eastern Mexico. He had been kidnapped a day earlier. A search continued for Tampico Alto Mayor Saturnino Valdes, kidnapped on Feb 23. Soldiers unearthed 17 bodies buried in two clandestine graves in the southern state of Guerrero and authorities said they were searching for more. Police found four bodies dumped along a highway connecting Acapulco to Mexico City. Another four people, including a couple shot to death inside the hotel they managed in the coastal town of Atoyac de Alvarez, were killed in three separate attacks in Guerrero. In Tamaulipas state Mexican marines killed eight gunmen. Gunmen in Michoacan state killed Tanhuato police chief Jose Gomez.
    (AP, 3/2/11)
2011        Mar 1, Oman deployed troops north of the capital Muscat and near the border with the United Arab Emirates, following three straight days of anti-government protests.
    (AP, 3/1/11)
2011        Mar 1, Pakistan hiked oil prices by 9.9%, a move that threatens the stability of the fragile, US-allied civilian government at a time of economic turmoil in the impoverished country.
    (AP, 3/1/11)
2011        Mar 1, Spain announced it had narrowly beaten its target for slashing the public deficit in 2010, critical to the eurozone's fourth largest economy regaining confidence in world financial markets.
    (AFP, 3/1/11)
2011        Mar 1, Spanish police arrested four suspected members of the armed Basque separatist group ETA they believe may have been behind several attacks in recent years.
    (AP, 3/1/11)
2011        Mar 1, Swedish carmaker SAAB, now owned by Spyker Cars, showed off its new PhoeniX prototype at the Geneva motor show.
    (Econ, 4/9/11, p.72)(http://tinyurl.com/3bmnxnx)
2011        Mar 1, In Sudan fresh clashes broke out in the Abyei region between gunmen from the northern-supported nomadic Arab Misseriya people and local the Ngok Dinka tribe, who backed the south.
    (AP, 3/2/11)(Econ, 5/28/11, p.54)
2011        Mar 1, Taiwan and China have cooperated as Taiwan’s coast guard personnel rescued a businessman, surnamed Hsia (40), on an uninhabited Taiwanese islet after his kidnappers deposited him there. He was kidnapped in the southern Chinese city of Guangzhou in early January and held for a $3.3 million ransom.
    (AP, 3/2/11)
2011        Mar 1, The UN General Assembly suspended Libya from its top human rights body as governments worldwide pressured Moammar Gadhafi to halt the deadly crackdown on his people. It is the first time any country has been suspended from the 47-member council since it was formed in 2006.
    (AP, 3/2/11)
2011        Mar 1, The UN Refugee Agency said the Uganda-based Lord’s Resistance Army has killed 35 people and displaced over 1700 since January.
    (SFC, 3/2/11, p.A2)
2011        Mar 1, Yemen's embattled US-backed Pres. Ali Abdullah Saleh accused Washington of instigating protests against his regime, as hundreds of thousands marched in cities across Yemen in the largest rallies yet seeking the longtime ruler's ouster. Saleh sacked the governors of five provinces where anti-regime protests have been raging for more than a month. Abdul Majid al-Zindani, a radical cleric and opposition figure, joined the protests.
    (AP, 3/1/11)(AFP, 3/1/11)(Econ, 3/5/11, p.53)
2011        Mar 1, Zimbabwean police and troops put on a show of force in the capital amid calls for protests against Pres. Mugabe, the longtime authoritarian ruler.
    (AP, 3/1/11)

2012        Mar 1, A US Coast Guard helicopter crashed in Mobile Bay near Point Clear, Alabama. 4 crew members were killed and one remained missing.
    (SFC, 3/3/12, p.A5)
2012        Mar 1, Maryland Gov. Martin O’Malley signed into a law a bill to legalize same-sex marriage.
    (SFC, 3/2/12, p.A8)
2012        Mar 1, In Ohio an adoptive father was charged with raping three boys in his care and compelling prostitution by hiring the 10-year-old out for sex. He and two other men remained in jail on rape charges.
    (AP, 3/1/12)
2012        Mar 1, Andrew Breitbart (43), the outspoken conservative writer, activist and website operator, died unexpectedly in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 3/1/12)
2012        Mar 1, In Afghan 2 American soldiers were killed by Afghan colleagues in Kandahar province, the latest in a series of such attacks after the burning of the Koran at a US base sparked widespread violent protests.
    (AFP, 3/1/12)
2012        Mar 1, In Bolivia at least 30 people were injured following two day of fighting between two communities over land for growing quinoa, the Andean "supergrain" whose popularity with worldwide foodies has caused its price to soar. The combatants in Oruro state reportedly used rocks and dynamite against each other.
    (AP, 3/3/12)
2012        Mar 1, Britain’s Financial Services Authority (FSA) regulator said 3 people have been arrested and are being held in custody in relation to an insider-dealing investigation.
    (Reuters, 3/1/12)
2012        Mar 1, British police investigating the bribing of public officials by journalists arrested Virginia Wheeler (32), the defense editor of Rupert Murdoch's British tabloid The Sun, on suspicion of corruption.
    (AFP, 3/1/12)
2012        Mar 1, Chinese state press said Chen Quanguo, China’s top leader in Tibet, has ordered increased controls over the Internet and mobile phones, ahead of upcoming sensitive anniversaries in the restive region.
    (AFP, 3/1/12)     
2012        Mar 1, The European Union formally granted Serbia the status of a candidate for membership in the bloc during their summit in recognition of its government's efforts to round up war crimes suspects and normalize relations with Kosovo, its former province.
    (AP, 3/1/12)(http://tinyurl.com/7scyr3k)
2012        Mar 1, The International Criminal Court said it has issued an arrest warrant for Sudanese Defense Minister Abdelrahim Mohamed Hussein (60) for crimes against the civilian population in Darfur.
    (AFP, 3/1/12)
2012        Mar 1, In Iraq American gym teacher Jeremiah Small was shot and killed at a school in Sulaimaniyah in the northern Kurdish region. Student Biyar Sarwar (18) pulled out a gun and shot the teacher. Sarwar shot and killed himself as his terrified classmates fled the room.
    (AP, 3/1/12)(SFC, 3/2/12, p.A2)
2012        Mar 1, In Malaysia Dominic Jude Christopher Bird (32), a truck driver Perth, Western Australia, was arrested in Kuala Lumpur in possession of 225 grams (7.9 ounces) of methamphetamine. He faced a possible death sentence.
    (AFP, 3/5/12)
2012        Mar 1, Supporters of Maldives' former president prevented the country's new leader from opening Parliament and protested in the streets, three weeks after he took office in a contentious power transfer.
    (AP, 3/1/12)
2012        Mar 1, In Nigeria gunmen shot and killed the four policemen as they were patrolling waterways in Bayelsa. The armed militant group MEND soon claimed responsibility.
    (AFP, 3/2/12)
2012        Mar 1, The Philippines Bureau of Internal Revenue filed a complaint after boxer Manny Pacquiao failed to submit tax documents despite three notices and a subpoena.
    (AP, 3/8/12)
2012        Mar 1, In the Philippines Moro Islamic Liberation Front rebel leader Mohagher Iqbal said that the three commanders on southern Basilan island were suspended for three months after an investigation by Malaysian-led peace monitors found they violated a cease-fire accord with the government. The commanders involved in an October clash that killed 19 soldiers and endangered a years-long cease-fire.
    (AP, 3/1/12)
2012        Mar 1, Russia's top investigative agency said it has launched a probe regarding videos that have shown up on Internet purporting to show fraud taking place during the country's presidential election, even though it hasn't taken place yet.
    (AP, 3/1/12)
2012        Mar 1, Rwandan opposition leader Charles Ntakirutinka vowed to remain critical President Paul Kagame's government as he walked free at the end of a 10-year prison sentence for incitement.
    (AFP, 3/1/12)
2012        Mar 1, In South Africa fiery youth leader Julius Malema vowed to keep fighting after the ruling ANC expelled him in a dramatic move seen as clearing an obstacle to President Jacob Zuma's reelection.
    (AFP, 3/1/12)
2012        Mar 1, South Sudan officials said Sudanese fighter jets have bombed oil and water wells deep inside South Sudan and its ground troops have crossed into contested oil-rich border regions. Khartoum swiftly denied the claims.
    (AFP, 3/1/12)
2012        Mar 1, Syrian rebels retreated from the Baba Amr neighborhood in Homs that they had held for months, saying they were running out of weapons and humanitarian conditions were catastrophic after almost four weeks of government bombardment.
    (AP, 3/1/12)
2012        Mar 1, The opposition Syrian National Council said it wanted to organize weapons deliveries to Syrian rebels and was uniting armed factions fighting against President Bashar al-Assad's regime. Kuwait's parliament joined the call for arming the rebels, adopting a non-binding resolution urging the oil-rich Gulf state to supply weapons to the opposition and to sever diplomatic ties with Damascus.
    (AFP, 3/1/12)
2012        Mar 1, Members of the UN Human Rights Council voted 37 in favor and three against a resolution proposed by Turkey that calls on Syria to immediately stop all attacks on civilians and grant unhindered access to aid groups. Russia, China and Cuba objected to the resolution.
    (AP, 3/1/12)
2012        Mar 1, Hundreds of Yemeni soldiers staged protests at several military institutions across the country demanding the departure of their chiefs, whom they accuse of corruption.
    (AFP, 3/1/12)

2013        Mar 1, Pres. Obama signed an order that started putting mandatory spending cuts (the sequester) into effect. The sequester was originally designed to slice $1.2 trillion from spending over a decade.
    (Reuters, 3/2/13)(Econ, 3/2/13, p.27)
2013        Mar 1, The SpaceX commercial craft ran into thruster trouble shortly after liftoff. The Dragon capsule bound at the Int’l. Space Station arrived on March 3 delivering a ton of supplies.
    (SFC, 3/2/13, p.A4)(SFC, 3/4/13, p.A5)
2013        Mar 1, In Santa Clara County, Ca., supervisor George Shirakawa Jr. (51) said he was resigning after prosecutors filed felony charges alleging he stole public money and nearly $100,000 in campaign contributions to finance a gambling habit.
    (SFC, 3/2/13, p.C1)
2013        Mar 1, In Seffner, Florida, a massive sinkhole swallowed Jeff Bush (37) as the hole opened under his bedroom. Five others in the house were unharmed.
    (SFC, 3/2/13, p.A4)
2013        Mar 1, Argentina’s Pres. Cristina Fernandez authorized a compromise offer of a new debt swap to comply with a $1.3 billion cash judgment to resolve debts unpaid for over a decade. A NY court ordered Argentina to explain how it would issue new bonds rather than comply with the order for cash payment.
    (SFC, 3/2/13, p.A2)
2013        Mar 1, A senior Bahrain prosecutor said an appeals court has overturned the acquittal and sentenced the daughter of a jailed opposition leader to three months in prison. Zainab al-Khawaja was convicted of insulting a public employee.
    (AP, 3/1/13)
2013        Mar 1, In Bangladesh protesters clashed for a 2nd day as the death toll rose to 44 in violence triggered by a death sentence given to Delwar Hossain Sayedee, a top leader of the Jamaat-e-Islami party.
    (SFC, 3/2/13, p.A2)
2013        Mar 1, Britain’s Food Standards Agency said traces of horse meat has been found in ground beef sold by Taco Bell, which has only three British outlets. Horse DNA also was found in Birds Eye spaghetti Bolognese and beef lasagna and spicy minced beef skewers from catering supplier Brakes.
    (AP, 3/1/13)
2013        Mar 1, Andrey Borodin (45), former head of Russia's fifth largest bank, told a Russian newspaper his application for asylum has been granted in Britain after an application by his lawyers on the grounds that he faced political persecution in Russia. Borodin fled Russia in March, 2011.
    (Reuters, 3/1/13)
2013        Mar 1, Chadian President Idriss Deby announced that government troops fighting to dislodge an al-Qaida affiliate in northern Mali killed one of the group's leading commanders, Abdelhamid Abou Zeid. On March 23 France confirmed Zeid’s death and said he was killed in operations in the Adrar des Ifoghas mountains in northern Mali in late February.
    (AP, 3/1/13)(AP, 3/23/13)
2013        Mar 1, China’s State Council spelled out fresh curbs on property speculation, sending the housing market  into a tizzy.
    (Econ, 3/9/13, p.74)
2013        Mar 1, China executed four foreigners for killing 13 Chinese sailors in an attack on the Mekong River on Oct 5, 2011, following a live nationwide broadcast showing them being led to their deaths.
    (AP, 3/1/13)
2013        Mar 1, Fighting erupted in eastern Congo between two factions of the M23 rebel group. An estimated 23 people died in the fighting, according to an officer with the main part of M23. The Congolese army entered Kiwanja, a town that was run by M23 rebels for more than six months. Doctors Without Borders said that more than 55 civilians have been killed in fighting in another town in Congo's east, Kitchanga, where 135 people have been wounded.
    (AP, 3/1/13)(AP, 3/2/13)
2013        Mar 1, In Egypt  dozens of Muslim residents threw firebombs and rocks at police as they tried to storm a church in southern Egypt in search of a woman suspected of converting to Christianity in the town of Kom Ombo. Tensions rose after a 36 year-old Muslim woman, who has been missing for five days, was allegedly seen outside the church with a female Christian friend a day earlier.
    (AP, 3/1/13)
2013        Mar 1, Iraq's Sunni Finance Minister Rafia al-Issawi announced during a protest in the western city of Ramadi that he will resign from the government, heightening the country's political crisis. 2 car bombs struck a livestock market south of Baghdad, killing five and wounding dozens in Diawaniyah.
    (AP, 3/1/13)
2013        Mar 1, In Israel Abraham Kabeto Ketla of Ethiopia won the third Jerusalem marathon, setting a record for the race. About 20,000 runners took part despite protests by Palestinians.
    (AP, 3/1/13)
2013        Mar 1, In Japan US Seaman Christopher Browning (24), of Athens, Texas, and Petty Officer 3rd Class Skyler Dozierwalker (23), of Muskogee, Oklahoma, were found guilty by the Naha District Court of raping and robbing a woman in her 20s in a parking lot in October. Both admitted committing the crime. Browning was sentenced to 10 years and Dozierwalker received nine years.
    (AP, 3/1/13)
2013        Mar 1, Ethnic Macedonians kicked off the protests in Skopje, angry at the appointment of an ethnic Albanian defense minister, a former rebel commander during the 2001 conflict that pitted the country's two main ethnic groups against each other.
    (AP, 3/3/13)
2013        Mar 1, In eastern Malaysia 14 people were killed in a shootout as authorities tried to end a three-week standoff with about 200 members of a Filipino clan occupying a village in Sabah state.
    (AP, 3/1/13)
2013        Mar 1, A Dutch court convicted Yvonne Basebya (66), a Rwandan-born Dutch woman, of inciting genocide in Rwanda's 1994 mass murders of ethnic Tutsis by members of the Hutu tribe — the first conviction of a Dutch citizen for the crime. She was sentenced to six years and eight months in prison for her role.
    (AP, 3/1/13)
2013        Mar 1, Ending his unexpected round of basketball diplomacy in North Korea, ex-NBA star Dennis Rodman called leader Kim Jong Un an "awesome guy" and said his father and grandfather were "great leaders."
    (AP, 3/1/13)
2013        Mar 1, In southwest Pakistan gunmen on a motorcycle shot and killed reporter Mahmood Ahmed Afridi as he walked to a press club in the town of Kalat.
    (AP, 3/1/13)
2013        Mar 1, Palestinians clashed with Israeli troops during rallies across the West Bank in support of hunger-striking Palestinian prisoners and against Israel's security barrier.
    (AP, 3/1/13)
2013        Mar 1, Ayman Abu-Sufian (40) a Palestinian man, died in Palestinian custody in the West Bank two days after being detained on assault charges. Authorities there launched an investigation.
    (AP, 3/2/13)(SSFC, 3/3/13, p.A5)
2013        Mar 1, In  Poland Lech Walesa said in a television interview that he believes gays have no right to sit on the front benches in Parliament and, if represented at all, should sit in the back, "and even behind a wall."
    (AP, 3/3/13)
2013        Mar 1, In Somalia a suicide bomber detonated explosives inside a seaside restaurant in Mogadishu, killing himself and one diner. A car bomb was also remotely detonated at the restaurant's gates.
    (AP, 3/1/13)
2013        Mar 1, The Spanish government said it will challenge a recent declaration by lawmakers in Catalonia that the region is a sovereign entity.
    (AP, 3/1/13)
2013        Mar 1, The chief of Syrian rebel forces said that his fighters are in "desperate" need of weapons and ammunition rather than the food supplies and bandages that the US now plans to provide. Government forces fought fierce clashes with rebels attacking a police academy near Aleppo, while the bodies of 10 men — most of them shot in the head — were found dumped along the side of a road outside Damascus. State news said that government troops defending the school had killed dozens of opposition fighters and destroyed five rebel vehicles.
    (AP, 3/1/13)

2014        Mar 1, In Nevada a US fighter jet crashed during a training exercise because of a snow storm in mountainous terrain. The pilot was later identified as Marine Capt. Reid Nannen (32).
    (SFC, 3/3/14, p.A6)(SFC, 3/10/14, p.A6)
2014        Mar 1, The International Monetary Fund (IMF) said it has agreed to provide a 331 million euros ($457 million) loan over three years to support Albania's economic reforms.
    (AP, 3/1/14)
2014        Mar 1, Algerian police used clubs to break up a small demonstration by some opposed to President Abdelaziz Bouteflika's decision to run for a fourth term in elections next month. The Algerian army shot dead an Islamist in a mountainous region east of Algiers in an area between Tizi-Ouzou and Boumerdes.
    (AP, 3/1/14)(AFP, 3/2/14)
2014        Mar 1, In southwestern China a group of knife-wielding men attacked the Kunming Railway Station in Yunnan province. The rampage killed 29 people and wounded 143. Police fatally shot four of the assailants, putting the overall death toll at 33. Xinjiang separatist forces were blamed. The Ministry of Public Security later said a "terrorist gang" of six men and two women led by a person identified as Abdurehim Kurban was responsible for the attack. 4 attackers were killed and 4 faced death sentences.
    (AP, 3/1/14)(AP, 3/2/14)(AP, 3/3/14)(Reuters, 3/29/14)
2014        Mar 1, In China a crash in the Yanhou Tunnel in Shaanxi province involved more than 40 vehicles, including those carrying hazardous materials. At least 31 people were killed and a resulting fire burned for three days.
    (AP, 3/13/14)
2014        Mar 1, In Egypt the youngest son of ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi was detained by police on suspicion of drug possession.
    (AP, 3/1/14)
2014        Mar 1, French filmmaker Alain Resnais (91) died. His  cryptic "Last Year at Marianbad" (1961) extended its influence across generations. His films included the acclaimed "Hiroshima Mon Amour" (1959) and most recently "Life of Riley," honored at the Berlin Film Festival just weeks ago.
    (AP, 3/2/14)
2014        Mar 1, Israeli troops close to the border shot dead Amena Atiyyeh Qdeih (57), a mentally ill Gazan woman, near to the southern city of Khan Yunis.
    (AFP, 3/1/14)
2014        Mar 1, Hundreds rallied in Tokyo to protest Japanese prosecutors' decision to drop charges over the Fukushima nuclear crisis, with no one yet punished nearly three years after the "man-made" disaster.
    (AFP, 3/1/14)
2014        Mar 1, Japan pledged more than $200 million in aid to help the Palestinian Authority, as representatives in Indonesia from 22 nations reiterated their support of the Palestinians' quest for their own state.
    (AP, 3/1/14)
2014        Feb, In the Netherlands the Allard Pierson museum opened the "Crimea — Gold and secrets of the Black Sea" exhibition. In April curators said they are not sure where to return the objects on display when it ends in August due to Russia’s takeover of Crimea.
    (AP, 4/4/14)
2014        Mar 1, In Nigeria twin car bombs at a bustling city marketplace in Maiduguri blasted buildings to rubble and tore apart bodies. An attack on the Mainok farming village razed every thatched-roof hut and left at least 51 dead. Over 100 people were reported altogether.
    (AP, 3/2/14)(SFC, 3/3/14, p.A4)
2014        Mar 1, In northwest Pakistan militants killed 12 members of the security escort for a polio vaccination team, detonating a roadside bomb before opening fire on their convoy. In western Baluchistan province a roadside bomb killed 3 members of a government paramilitary force in Sorab. Shortly afterwards, the paramilitary Frontier Corps announced it had killed 10 men in Sui, 300 km southeast of Quetta.
    (Reuters, 3/1/14)
2014        Mar 1, The Pakistani Taliban announced that the group will observe a one-month cease-fire as part of efforts to negotiate a peace deal with the government, throwing new life into a foundering peace process.
    (AP, 3/1/14)
2014        Mar 1, Russia's parliament granted Pres. Vladimir Putin permission to use the country's military in Ukraine and also recommended that Moscow's ambassador be recalled from Washington over comments made by Pres. Obama. Ukrainian PM Arseny Yatsenyuk opened a Cabinet meeting in Kiev by calling on Russia not to provoke discord in Crimea.
    (AP, 3/1/14)
2014        Mar 1, Sergei Aksyonov, the pro-Russian prime minister of Ukraine's Crimea region, claimed control of the military and police there and appealed to Russia's President Vladimir Putin for help in keeping peace.
    (AP, 3/1/14)
2014        Mar 1, In Spain armed Basque separatist group ETA pledged to give up all its weapons but warned the government that any attack or obstacle could impact negatively on the disarmament process.
    (Reuters, 3/1/14)
2014        Mar 1, In northwest Syria government airstrikes killed at least 13 people in Kfar Takharim, Idlib province.
    (AP, 3/2/14)

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