Today in History - March 3

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78CE        Mar 3, Origin of Saka Era in India.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

468        Mar 3, St. Simplicius was elected to succeed Catholic Pope Hilarius.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

493        Mar 3, Odovacar, the Herulian leader, surrendered Ravenna to Theodorik, king of the Ostrogoths. Theodorik invited Odovacar to dinner and had him murdered. Theodorik united Italy as an Ostrogoth kingdom until 554. [see Mar 15]
    (PCh, 1992, p.52)(V.D.-H.K.p.88)(SC, 3/3/02)

1431        Mar 3, Bishop Gabriele Condulmer (1383-1447) was elected as Pope Eugene IV (1431-1447).
    (WUD, 1994 p.491)(PTA, 1980, p.410)(SC, 3/3/02)

1459        Mar 3, Ausias March, Catalan poet, died.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1554        Mar 3, Johan Frederik de Greatmoedige (50), ruler of Saxon (1532-47), died.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1627        Mar 3, Piet Heyn conquered 22 ships in Bay of Salvador, Brazil.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1638        Mar 3, Duke Bernard van Saksen-Weimar occupied Rheinfelden.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1706        Mar 3, Johann Pachelbel (b.1653), German organist and composer best remembered for his “Canon in D," died Nuremberg at age 52.
    (WUD, 1994 p.1034)(AP, 3/3/06)

1707        Mar 3, Aurangzeb (88), Emperor of India (1658-1707), died.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1746        Mar 3, Bonnie Prince Charlie occupied the Castle of Inverness.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1756        Mar 3, William Godwin (d.1836), English philosopher, novelist, essayist, political writer (Caleb Williams), was born. He was the husband of Mary Wollstonecraft. Wordsworth as a young man was a follower of the radical philosopher Godwin.
    (WUD, 1994, p.606)(WSJ, 6/23/98, p.A18)(SC, 3/3/02)

1776        Mar 3, US commodore Esek Hopkins occupied Nassau, Bahamas.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1791        Mar 3, Congress established the U.S. Mint.
    (HN, 3/3/99)
1791        Mar 3, The 1st Internal Revenue Act taxed distilled spirits and carriages.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1793        Mar 3, Charles Sealsfield, writer (The Making of America), was born.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1794        Mar 3, 1st performance of Joseph Haydn’s 101st Symphony in D.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1794        Mar 3, Richard Allen founded AME Church.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1801        Mar 3, 1st US Jewish Governor, David Emanuel, took office in Georgia.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1803        Mar 3, The first impeachment trial of a U.S. Judge, John Pickering, began.
    (HN, 3/3/99)

1805        Mar 3, Louisiana-Missouri Territory formed.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1813        Mar 3, Office of Surgeon General of the US army was established.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1817        Mar 3, Mississippi Territory was divided into Alabama Territory and Mississippi.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1817        Mar 3, The first commercial steamboat route from Louisville to New Orleans was opened.
    (HN, 3/3/99)

1819        Mar 3, An Act to protect the commerce of the United States and punish the crime of piracy became a federal statute. It was amended in 1820 to declare the slave trade and robbing a ship to be piracy as well. The last execution for piracy in the United States was of slave trader Nathaniel Gordon in 1862 under the amended act.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2euzy9p)
1819        Mar 3, The Civilization Fund Act was created by the United States legislature to encourage activities of benevolent societies in providing education for Native Americans and also authorized an annuity to stimulate the "civilization process."
    (http://wapedia.mobi/en/The_Civilization_Fund_Act_of_1819)

1820        Mar 3, The Missouri Compromise was passed by Congress. It allowed Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state and Maine to enter as a free state. [see Mar 6]
    (PCh, 1992, p.389)(SC, 3/3/02)

1823        Mar 3, Guyla Andrássy Sr., premier of Hungary (1867-71), was born.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1831        Mar 3, George Pullman (inventor: railroad sleeping car; industrialist: Pullman Palace Car Company), was born.
    (HC, Internet, 3/3/98)

1835        Mar 3, Congress authorized a US mint at New Orleans, LA.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1837        Mar 3, US President Andrew Jackson and Congress recognized the Republic of Texas.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1837        Mar 3, Congress increased Supreme Court membership from 7 to 9.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1838        Mar 3, Rebellion at Pelee Island, Ontario, Canada.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1842        Mar 3, 1st performance of Felix Mendelssohn's 3rd "Scottish" Symphony.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1842        Mar 3, 1st US child labor law regulating working hours was passed  in Massachusetts.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1843        Mar 3, US Congress appropriated $30,000 "to test the practicability of establishing a system of electro-magnetic telegraphs."
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1845        Mar 3, Georg Cantor (d.1918), mathematician, was born in St. Petersburg, Russia. He grew up in Germany and developed the field of  transfinite numbers.
    (http://encyclopedia.laborlawtalk.com/Georg_Cantor)
1845        Mar 3, For the first time, the U.S. Congress passed legislation on this day overriding a President's veto. President John Tyler was in office at the time.
    (HC, Internet, 3/3/98)
1845        Mar 3, Congress authorized ocean mail contracts for foreign mail delivery.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1845        Mar 3, Florida became the 27th state.
    (AP, 3/3/98)

1847         Mar 3, The inventor of the telephone, Alexander Graham Bell (teacher of the deaf, inventor: telephone; founder of Bell Telephone Company), was born in Edinburgh, Scotland. For two generations the family of Alexander Graham Bell was recognized as leading authorities on elocution and speech correction. Graham's father, Alexander Melville Bell's Standard Elocutionist went through nearly 200 editions in English.
    (SFEM, 1/11/98, p.12)(AP, 3/3/98)(HC, Internet, 3/3/98)(HNQ, 12/20/98)
1847        Mar 3, Post Office Department was authorized to issue postage stamps.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1848        Mar 3, Lajos Kossuth made a speech demanding parliamentary government for Hungary and constitutional government for the rest of Austria.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lajos_Kossuth)

1849        Mar 3, The US Home Department, forerunner of the Interior Department, was established.
    (AP, 3/3/98)
1849        Mar 3, US Congress created the Minnesota Territory.
    (AP, 3/3/99)
1849        Mar 3, The US Gold Coinage Act authorized the $20 Double Eagle gold coin.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1851        Mar 3, Congress authorized the smallest US silver coin, a 3¢ piece.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1853        Mar 3, A transcontinental railroad survey was authorized by Congress.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1853        Mar 3, US Assay Office in NYC was authorized.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1855        Mar 3, Congress approved $30,000 to test camels for military use. Sec. of War Jefferson Davis sent agents to northern Africa to purchase a small herd of camels and sent them to New Mexico to transport goods to California
    (SC, 3/3/02)(SFC, 2/20/04, p.A22)
1855        Mar 3, Registration of letters was authorized by Congress.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1855        Mar 3, Architect Robert Mills (b.1781) designer of the Washington Monument in Washington, D.C., died. The structure, begun in 1848, was not completed until 1884.
    (WSJ, 2/16/08, p.W18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Mills_(architect))

1857        Mar 3, Under pretexts, Britain and France declared war on China.
    (HN, 3/3/99)

1861          Mar 3, Russian Czar Alexander II issued a manifest and statutes to end feudal control of serfs as part of a program of westernization.
    (HN, 3/3/99)(LHC,3/1/03)(WSJ, 12/6/07, p.D7)

1862        Mar 3, General Pope laid siege in front of New Madrid, MO.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1863        Mar 3, President Abraham Lincoln signed the conscription act compelling U.S. citizens to report for duty in the Civil War or pay $300.00. 86,724 men paid the exemption cost to avoid service. The inequality of this arrangement led to the Draft Riots in New York.
    (HN, 3/3/99)(HNQ, 10/18/00)(SSFC, 2/8/15, p.N5)
1863        Mar 3, Abraham Lincoln approved a charter for National Academy of Sciences.
    (www.nasonline.org/site/PageServer?pagename=ABOUT_main_page)
1863        Mar 3, Free city delivery of mail was authorized by the U.S. Postal Service on this day. It replaced zone postage and 449 letter carriers were hired.
    (HC, Internet, 3/3/98)(SC, 3/3/02)
1863        Mar 3, Congress authorized a US mint at Carson City, NV, and Gold certificates as currency.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1863        Mar 3, Federal ironclad ships bombed Fort McAllister, Georgia.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1863        Mar 3, Idaho Territory formed.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1865        Mar 3, US Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands was established to help destitute free blacks.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1869        Mar 3, University of South Carolina opened to all races.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1871        Mar 3, Congress passed the Indian Appropriation Act, which revoked the sovereignty of Indian nations and made Native Americans wards of the American government. The act eliminated the necessity of treaty negotiating and established the policy that tribal affairs could be managed by the U.S. government without tribal consent.
    (HNQ, 5/15/98)
1871        Mar 3, Congress established the civil service system.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1873        Mar 3, William Green, President of the American Federation of Labor (1924-52), was born.
    (HN, 3/3/99)(SC, 3/3/02)
1873        Mar 3, Congress authorized federal departmental postage stamps.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1873        Mar 3, US Congress and government raised their own salary, retroactively.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1875        Mar 3, The opera Carmen, composed by Georges Bizet (1873), opened in Paris at the Opera-Comique. The opera was based on a novella by Prosper Merimee (1803-1870).
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/merimee.htm)(AP, 3/3/98)
1875        Mar 3, The 1st recorded hockey game took place in Montreal. [see 1855]
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1875        Mar 3, Congress authorized a 20¢ coin. It lasted only 3 years.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1877        Mar 3, Rutherford B. Hayes took the oath of office as the 19th president of the United States in a private ceremony. A public swearing-in took place two days later.
    (AP, 3/3/02)

1878        Mar 3, Russia and the Ottomans signed the Treaty of San Stefano, granting independence to Serbia. With the Treaty of San Stefano (and subsequent negotiations in Berlin) in the wake of the last Russo-Turkish War, the Ottoman Empire lost its possession of numerous territories including Bulgaria, Montenegro, Romania, and Serbia. The Russo-Turkish wars dated to the 17th century, the Russians generally gaining territory and influence over the declining Ottoman Empire. In the last war, Russia and Serbia supported rebellions in the Balkans. In concluding the Treaty of San Stefano, the Ottomans released control of Montenegro, Romania and Serbia, granted autonomy to Bosnia and Herzegovina, and allowed an autonomous state of Bulgaria to be placed under Russian control.
    (HN, 3/3/99)(HNQ, 2/23/01)
1878         Mar 3, The Treaty of San Stefano was signed after Russo-Turkish War. It assigned Albanian-populated lands to Bulgaria, Montenegro and Serbia; but Austria-Hungary and Britain blocked the treaty's implementation. Albanian leaders meet in Prizren, Kosova, to form the League of Prizren. The League initially advocated autonomy for Albania. At the Congress of Berlin, the Great Powers overturned the Treaty of San Stefano and divided Albanian lands among several states. The League of Prizren began to organize resistance to the Treaty of Berlin's provisions that affected Albanians.
    (www, Albania, 1998)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_San_Stefano)

1879        Mar 3, US geological survey director was authorized in Department of the Interior.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1879        Mar 3, Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood became the first woman to be admitted to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court.
    (AP, 3/3/05)

1882        Mar 3, New York Steam Corp began distributing steam to Manhattan buildings.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1883        Mar 3, Congress authorized the 1st steel vessels in US navy.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1885        Mar 3, The United States Congress passed the Major Crimes Act (18 U.S.C. 1153). It placed seven major crimes under federal jurisdiction if they are committed by a Native American in Native territory regardless of whether the victim of the crime was Native.
    (http://supreme.justia.com/us/437/634/)
1885        Mar 3, The U.S. Post Office began offering special delivery for first-class mail.
    (AP, 3/3/98)
1885        Mar 3, California became the 1st US state to establish a permanent forest commission.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1885        Mar 3, American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T) incorporated as a subsidiary of Bell Telephone to build and operate a long distance network.
    (SC, 3/3/02)(SFC, 7/23/04, p.C1)

1887        Mar 3, Anne Mansfield Sullivan arrived at the Alabama home of Capt. and Mrs. Arthur H. Keller to become the teacher of Helen, their blind and deaf 6-year-old daughter.
    (AP, 3/3/00)
1887        Mar 3, The anti-Catholic American Protective Association formed in Clinton, IA.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1891        Mar 3, Congress created the Office of Superintendent of Immigration (Treasury Department).
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1891        Mar 3, Congress created the US Courts of Appeal.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1892        Mar 3, 1st cattle tuberculosis test in US was made at Villa Nova, PA.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1893        Mar 3, Congress authorized 1st federal road agency in the Department of Agriculture.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1893        Mar 3, Columbian Isabella silver quarter was authorized.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1894        Mar 3, The first Greek newspaper in America was published on this day. It was known as the "New York Atlantis".
    (HC, Internet, 3/3/98)(SC, 3/3/02)
1894        Mar 3, British PM William Gladstone submitted his resignation to Queen Victoria, ending his fourth and final premiership. Gladstone was later quoted as saying this year: “Do not let me be told that one nation has no authority over another. Every nation, and if need be every human being, has authority on behalf of humanity and justice."
    (AP, 3/3/08)(Econ, 9/27/08, p.98)

1895        Mar 3, General Matthew Ridgeway, U.S. Army leader in World War II and Korea, was born.
    (HN, 3/3/99)
1895        Mar 3, Ragnar Frisch, economist (1st Nobel prize in economy-1969), was born in Norway.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1899        Mar 3, Congress authorized the Lafayette silver dollar.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1899        Mar 3, George Dewey became the 1st in US with rank of Admiral of the Navy.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1900        Mar 3, US Steel Corporation organized.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1901        Mar 3, Congress created the National Bureau of Standards in Department of Commerce.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1902        Mar 3, Isaac D. France van de Putte (79), Dutch premier (1866), died.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1903        Mar 3, President Theodore Roosevelt signed into law the Immigration Act of 1903, one day after its passage in Congress.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immigration_Act_of_1903)
1903        Mar 3, North Carolina became the 1st state requiring registration of nurses.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1905        Mar 3, US Forest Service formed. President Theodore Roosevelt successfully lobbied Congress to create the Forest Service and appointed Gifford Pinchot, a fellow conservationist, to run the agency. Pinchot had studied forestry in Europe and worked for the U.S. government in various forestry positions since 1896. He stayed with the Forest Service until 1910 and contributed greatly to its early development and national attitudes towards conservation with his enthusiasm. In 1912, he helped former President Roosevelt found the Bull Moose Party. He later went on to serve as governor of Pennsylvania. His autobiography “Breaking New Ground," was published in 1947, a year after his death.
    (WSJ, 2/25/97, p.A22)(HNQ, 4/20/01)(SC, 3/3/02)
1905        Mar 3, The Russian Czar agreed to create an elected assembly.
    (HN, 3/3/99)

1906        Mar 3, Vuia I aircraft, built by Romanian Traja Vuia, was tested in France.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1911        Mar 3, Jean Harlow (Harlean Carpenter),actress (Platinum Blonde, Red Dust, Bombshell, Dinner at Eight, China Seas, Libeled Lady), was born.
    (HC, Internet, 3/3/98)
1911        Mar 3, The 1st US federal cemetery with Union and Rebel graves opened at Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery, St. Louis, Missouri.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1913        Mar 3, Ida B. Wells-Barnett demonstrated for female suffrage in Washington DC.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1915        Mar 3, The now famous film, "Birth of a Nation", debuted in New York City. The motion picture brought Lillian Gish, Mae Marsh and Wallace Reid to the silver screen in what has frequently been called the greatest silent film ever produced.
    (HC, Internet, 3/3/98)
1915        Mar 3, The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), a NASA forerunner, was created. It was the first US government sponsored organization in support of aviation research and development.
    (SC, 3/3/02)(NPub, 2002, p.9)

1916        Mar 3, Robert Whitehead, Broadway producer (Bus Stop, A Man for All Seasons), was born.
    (HN, 3/3/01)

1917        Mar 3, Congress passed the 1st excess profits tax on corporations.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1918        Mar 3, Arthur Kornberg, Nobel Prize-winning biochemist (1959), was born.
    (HN, 3/3/01)(SC, 3/3/02)
1918          Mar 3, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire and Russia signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, which ended Russian participation in World War I. Germany and Austria forced Soviet Russia to sign the Peace of Brest, which called for the establishment of 5 independent countries: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Ukraine. The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, which ended Russian participation in World War I, was annulled by the November 1918 armistice. The treaty deprived the Soviets of White Russia.
    (HN, 3/3/99)(LHC, 3/1/03)(AP, 3/3/08)
1918        Mar 3, Richard Göring's "Seeschlacht" premiered in Berlin.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1919        Mar 3, The US Supreme Court ruled that falsely shouting “Fire!" in a crowded theater is not protected by the first amendment. "Shouting fire in a crowded theater" is a misquote that refers to Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.'s opinion in the US Supreme Court case Schenck v. United States and that is used to express the limits upon which free speech may be expressed under the terms of the First Amendment of the United States Constitution.
    (Econ, 10/13/07, p.67)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shouting_fire_in_a_crowded_theater)
1919        Mar 3, Boeing flew the first U.S. international airmail from Vancouver, British Columbia to Seattle, Wash.
    (HN, 3/3/99)
1919        Mar 3, Communist Party in Germany announced a general strike.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1920        Mar 3, Robert Searle, cartoonist, was born.
    (HN, 3/3/01)

1921        Mar 3, Allen Ginsberg, beat generation poet (1969 Arts and Letters Award), was born.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1921        Mar 3, In India the Central Legislative Assembly opened. The Committee on Public Accounts was first set up in the wake of the Montague-Chelmsford Reforms. The Finance Member of the Executive Council used to be the Chairman of the Committee. The Secretariat assistance to the Committee was rendered by the then Finance Department (later the Ministry of Finance). This position continued right up to 1949.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2tnbet)(www.parliamentofindia.nic.in/ls/intro/p14.htm)

1922        Mar 3, WWJ-AM in Detroit, MI, began radio transmissions.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1922        Mar 3, Italian fascists occupied Fiume and Rijeka.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1923        Mar 3, US Senate rejected membership in International Court of Justice, The Hague.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1924        Mar 3, Sean O'Casey's "Juno and the Paycock" premiered in Dublin.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1924        Mar 3, German and Turkish friendship and trade treaty was signed.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1924        Mar 3, Kemal Ataturk forced the abolition of the Muslim caliphate through the protesting assembly and banned all Kurdish schools, publications and associations. This ended the Ottoman Empire and created the modern Middle East, though Iraq, Jordan, Syria and Saudi Arabia were still colonies of Britain and France.
    (WSJ, 2/11/99, p.A24)(SSFC, 10/14/01, p.A3)

1926        Mar 3, James Merrill, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet (Divine Comedies), was born.
    (HN, 3/3/01)
1926        Mar 3, International Greyhound Racing Association formed in Miami, FL.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1927        Mar 3, Nicolas Freeling, crime writer, was born.
    (HN, 3/3/01)

1930        Mar 3, Bert Lahr ("The Wizard of Oz") and Kate "God Bless America" Smith starred as "Flying High" opened at the Apollo Theatre in New York City. The show had a run of 45 weeks at what is now the most famous black entertainment theatre in America.
    (HC, Internet, 3/3/98)

1931        Mar 3, Cab Calloway and his Orchestra recorded "Minnie the Moocher" on Brunswick Records. It was the first recording of the famous bandleader's theme song. The song was featured prominently in the motion picture, "The Blues Brothers" (1980), starring John Belushi and Dan Ackroyd.
    (HC, Internet, 3/3/98)
1931        Mar 3, Pres. Hoover signed a bill making “The Star-Spangled Banner", written by Francis Scott Key, the national anthem of the United States: act of Congress (46 Stat.L. 1508). The melody was originally an English drinking song, “To Anacreon in Heaven."
    (HFA, ‘96, p.26)(WSJ, 9/13/95, p.B-1)(AP, 3/3/98)(HC, Internet, 3/3/98)(HNQ, 2/16/02)

1933        Mar 3, Mount Rushmore was dedicated.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1933        Mar 3, NYC premiere of "King Kong."
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1933        Mar 3, German Presidential candidate Earnest Thälmann (KPD) was arrested.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1934        Mar 3, It was reported that Alf Haraldsen had found some 150 pounds of ambergris on the shore of Bolinas, Ca. The material, formed in the intestines of whales and used in the manufacture of perfume, was estimated to be worth $75,000.
    (SSFC, 3/1/09, DB p.50)
1934        Mar 3, John Dillinger broke out of jail using a wooden pistol in Crown Point, Indiana.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1935        Mar 3, Dutch Revolutionary Socialist Worker's party (RSAP) was formed.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1938        Mar 3, A world record for the indoor mile run was set at Dartmouth College in Hanover, NH this day. Glenn Cunningham made the distance in 4 minutes, 4.4 seconds.
    (HC, Internet, 3/3/98)
1936        Mar 3, Standard Oil of California struck oil at Damman No 7. Aramco made the first commercial oil find in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. The English Arabist, H. St. John Philby, orchestrated the Aramco concession in Saudi Arabia.
    (HN, 3/15/98)(WSJ, 3/8/99, p.A16)(SFEC, 6/27/99, p.T3)(www.chevron.com)

1939        Mar 3, The new Goldfish swallowing craze began to sweep college campuses getting a start at the Ivy League's Harvard University.
    (HC, Internet, 3/3/98)
1939        Mar 3, Eleanor Roosevelt christened Pan Am's new Boeing built Yankee Clipper.
    (SFEM, 2/13/00, p.38)
1939        Mar 3, In Bombay, Ghandi began a fast to protest the state's autocratic rule.
    (HN, 3/3/99)

1940        Mar 3, Artie Shaw and his orchestra recorded "Frenesi" for RCA Victor.
    (AP, 3/3/98)
1940        Mar 3, A Nazi air raid killed 108 on a British liner in the English Channel.
    (HN, 3/3/99)

1941        Mar 3, Netherlands NSB-leader Mussert visited Göring in Berlin.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1941        Mar 3, Moscow denounced the Axis rule in Bulgaria.
    (HN, 3/3/99)

1942        Mar 3, Canada's Avro Lancaster military plane made its 1st combat flight.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1942        Mar 3, The RAF raided the industrial suburbs of Paris.
    (HN, 3/3/99)

1943        Mar 3, F. Ryerson and Cohn Claues' "Harriet" premiered in New York NY.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1943        Mar 3, US defeated Japan in the Battle of Bismarck Sea.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1943        Mar 3, A bomb fleeing crowd fell into London shelter and 173 died.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1944        Mar 3, 1st performance of corporal Samuel Barber's 2nd Symphony.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1945        Mar 3, Mystery fans remember this day as they gathered around the radio set, listening to the Mutual Broadcasting System as Superman encountered Batman and Robin for the first time. The cartoon character was created by Joe Schuster and Jerry Siegel at DC Comics.
    (HC, Internet, 3/3/98)(SFC, 7/8/04, p.B9)
1945        Mar 3, US 7th Army occupied last part of Westwall (Germany).
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1945        Mar 3, Churchill visited Montgomery's headquarters.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1945        Mar 3, Finland declared war on the Axis.
    (HN, 3/3/99)
1945        Mar 3, Roermond-Venlo, Netherlands, was freed.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1945        Mar 3, RAF bombing error hit The Hague and killed 511.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1945        Mar 3, The Allies fully secured the Philippine capital of Manila from Japanese forces during World War II. Manila was destroyed and more than 100,000 civilians killed. About 16,000 Japanese soldiers and 1,000 US troops also died in the fighting from Feb 3 to March 3.
    (AP, 3/3/07)(AP, 2/28/15)

1952        Mar 3, "Whispering Streets" debuted on ABC Radio, remaining on the air until Thanksgiving week, 1960. The end of that show brought down the curtain on what is called "the last day of the radio soap opera" (November 25, 1960).
    (HC, Internet, 3/3/98)
1952        Mar 3, The U.S. Supreme Court upheld New York's Feinberg Law banning Communist teachers in the U.S.
    (HN, 3/3/99)
1952        Mar 3, Puerto Rico approved their 1st self written constitution.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1953        Mar 3, Canadian Comet crashed at Karachi, 11 killed.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1956        Mar 3, Indonesian government of Harahap resigned.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1957        Mar 3, Corry Brokken won Eurovision Song festival with "Just as then."
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1958        Mar 3, Nuri ash Said became premier of Iraq.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1959        Mar 3, The new home of the San Francisco Giants baseball team was officially named, Candlestick Park. The name was chosen in a contest to name the newly-built stadium. Al Dermody (1910-2004), the contest winner didn't have to look far, as the windswept and chilly confines of the National League's least favorite stadium are located just a few hundred feet from Candlestick Point, on San Francisco Bay. In 1995, the venerable name, Candlestick Park was changed to 3COMM Park, after a relatively small area computer software developer bid a half-million dollars for the rights to the stadium name – beating out such giants as Apple Computer, IBM and others.
    (HC, Internet, 3/3/98)(SFC, 9/24/04, p.B6)
1959        Mar 3, A SF Bay Area earthquake measured 5.5 on the Richter scale in Berkeley.
    (SSFC, 3/1/09, DB p.50)
1959        Mar 3, Pioneer 4, the 1st US probe to enter solar orbit, was launched.
    (SFC, 10/2/07, p.A6)
1959        Mar 3, British government arrested Hastings Banda of Nyasaland (later Malawi), and ended an emergency crisis.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1959        Mar 3, Lou Costello (b.1906), American film comedian, died. He paired with Bud Abbott in numerous films and the famous "Who's on First" routine.
    (HN, 3/6/99)(MC, 3/6/02)(SC, 3/3/02)

1960        Mar 3, The 9th largest snowfall in NYC history dropped14.5".
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1960        Mar 3, The French cargo ship  "La Coubre," laden with Belgian weapons, exploded in Havana Harbor and killed 136 [101] people. The blast was blamed on US agents.
    (USAT, 10/8/97, p.8A)(SFC, 1/28/00, p.A14)

1961        Mar 3, King Hassan II, the 17th of the Alawite dynasty, ascended to throne of Morocco. He succeeded his father Mohamed V.
    (SFEC,11/16/97, p.A21)(SFC, 7/24/99, p.A9)(SC, 3/3/02)

1962        Mar 3, British Antarctic Territory was formed.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1963        Mar 3, Senegal adopted a constitution.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1964        Mar 3, In San Francisco two days after protests at the Palace Hotel, demonstrators gathered to protest the hiring practices of the Cadillac salesroom on Van Ness. Student activist, Terence Hallinan, was arrested in a 2-day of protest against racial discrimination in hiring at the Sheraton Palace Hotel.
    (SFEC, 10/20/96, BR, p.6)(SFEM, 11/17/96, p.27)

1965        Mar 3, Temptations' "My Girl" reached #1.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1965        Mar 3, US performed a nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1965        Mar 3, USSR performed a nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan, Semipalitinsk, USSR.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1966        Mar 3, James Goldman's "Lion in Winter" premiered in NYC.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1966        Mar 3, Rock group Buffalo Springfield formed with Steven Stills, Neil Young, et al.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1966        Mar 3, "Lightnin' Lou" Christie was striking gold this day for his hit "Lightnin' Strikes". Christie was born Lugee Sacco and joined a group called The Classics before making his first recording in 1960. In 1961, he recorded under the name Lugee & The Lions until changing to Lou Christie for a string of hits beginning in 1963. Other notable tunes from Christie's Top 40 appearances include: "The Gypsy Cried", "Two Faces Have I", "Rhapsody in the Rain" and "I'm Gonna Make You Mine" – all displaying his trademark falsetto voice, similar to that of Frankie Valli of The Four Seasons. "Lightnin' Strikes" was Christie's only million seller.
    (HC, Internet, 3/3/98)
1966        Mar 3, An F5 tornado hit Jackson, Miss. 57 people were killed and nearly 1000 homes destroyed. Damages were estimated at $18 million.
    (SFC, 3/3/09, p.D6)

1967        Mar 3, The US performed a nuclear test at its Nevada Test Site. The Mushroom test was part of Operation Latchkey.
    (www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Operation_Latchkey)
1967        Mar 3, Grenada became an associated state of Britain. Full independence came on Feb 7, 1974.
    (http://dosfan.lib.uic.edu/ERC/bgnotes/wha/grenada9011.html)

1968        Mar 3, The musical "Here's Where I Belong" opened and closed at Billy Rose Theater in NYC. The book was by Alex Gordon and Terrence McNally, lyrics by Alfred Uhry, and music by Robert Waldman.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Here%27s_Where_I_Belong)
1968        Mar 3, The embassies of Greece, Portugal and Spain were bombed in the Hague.
    (http://1968ineurope.sneakpeek.de/index.php/chronologies/index/42)
1968        Mar 3, The Tet offensive at Hue, South Vietnam, ended with the crushing of the last Viet Cong resistance. North Vietnamese troops had captured the imperial palace in Hue, South Vietnam. US troops reconquered Hue, Vietnam.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1687)(HN, 2/24/99)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hue)

1969        Mar 3, Sirhan Sirhan testified in a court in Los Angeles that he killed Robert Kennedy.
    (HN, 3/3/99)
1969        Mar 3, Apollo 9 blasted off from Cape Kennedy on a mission to test the lunar module. It carried astronauts James McDivitt, Russell Schweickart and David Scott and made 151 Earth orbits over 10 days.
    (AP, 3/3/98)(SSFC, 3/8/09, p.B2)

1970        Mar 3, Systems and Services Company went public. John Baugh (1916-2007) created Sysco Corp. by combining 9 regional companies, most of them frozen-food distributors like his Zero Foods Co., founded right after WW II.
    (WSJ, 3/17/07, p.A5)

1971        Mar 3, South African Broadcasting Corp lifted its ban on the Beatles.
    (www.southafrica.to/history/history1948.htm)

1972        Mar 3, Sculpted figures of Jefferson Davis, Robert E Lee, and Stonewall Jackson were completed at Stone Mountain, GA.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stone_Mountain)

1973        Mar 3, In the 15th Grammy Awards winners included: “The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face" sung by Roberta Flack.
    (www.metrolyrics.com/1973-grammy-awards.html)
1973        Mar 3, "Shelter" closed at John Golden Theater in NYC after 31 performances.
    (www.broadwayworld.com/bwidb/sections/productions/index.php?var=7111)
1973        Mar 3, Japan disclosed its first defense plan since World War II.
    (HN, 3/3/99)

1974        Mar 3, "Sextet" opened at Bijou Theater in NYC for 9 performances.
    (www.broadwayworld.com/bwidb/sections/productions/index.php?var=2784)
1974        Mar 3, A Turkish Airlines DC-10 crashed shortly after takeoff from Orly Airport in Paris and 346 people were killed. It was the worst air disaster to date.
    (AP, 3/3/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_Airlines_Flight_981)

1975        Mar 3, "Goodtime Charley" opened at Palace Theater in NYC for 104 performances.
    (www.musicalheaven.com/Detailed/1787.html)

1976        Mar 3, Pierre Moliniere (b.1900), French artist and photographer, shot himself to death rather than face prostate surgery and a reduced sex life.
    (WSJ, 11/22/96, p.A14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Molinier)
1976        Mar 3, Mozambique closed its border with Rhodesia (Zimbabwe).
    (http://tinyurl.com/3c8j7u)

1978        Mar 3, The remains of comedian Charles Chaplin were stolen by extortionists from his grave in Cosier-sur-Vevey, Switzerland. The body was recovered near Lake Geneva 11 weeks later.
    (AP, 3/3/98)
1978        Mar 3, In Rhodesia Ian Smith signed an agreement with moderate black leaders, who had pledged to eschew war and to bring black majority rule into effect by Dec 31. Bishop Abel Muzorewa signed the agreement with Smith, founding nationalist Ndabaningi Sithole and Chief Jeremiah Chirau to form a transitional government which tinkered with the constitution and paved the way for elections. Smith agreed to step down following elections in 1979.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)(SFC, 11/23/07, p.B13)(AFP, 4/9/10)

1979        Mar 3, Mustafa Barzani (b.1903), Iranian Kurd leader (KDP), died in Washington, DC. He was succeeded by his son Massoud.
    (SFC, 9/4/96, A7)(WSJ, 12/20/02, p.A14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mustafa_Barzani)

1980        Mar 3, The submarine Nautilus, the world’s 1st atomic ship, was decommissioned at the Mare Island Shipyard in Vallejo, Ca.
    (SFC, 3/4/05, p.F2)

1981        Mar 3, In Los Angeles, Ca., Stanley "Tookie" Williams (1953-2005) was convicted in the 1979 killing of 4 people and sentenced to death. The co-founder of the Crips street gang (1971), who denied the murders, took up writing for children while in prison and created the Internet Project for Street Peace. In 2000 a member of the Swiss parliament nominated him for the 2001 Nobel Peace Prize. A TV film on Williams, "Redemption," was scheduled to air in 2004. In 2005 he received a “President’s Call to Service Award." Williams was executed Dec 13, 2005.
    (www.clarkprosecutor.org/html/death/US/williams1003.htm)(SFC, 2/13/04, p.A25)(SFC, 8/6/05, p.A2)
1981        Mar 3, William S. Burroughs Jr. (b.1947), writer, died. He bore the name of both his father, a Beat writer, and his great grandfather, the original inventor of the Burroughs adding machine. His 2 novels included “Speed" and “Kentucky Ham." In 2006 David Ohle edited and compiled “Cursed From Birth: The short Unhappy Life of William S. Burroughs Jr."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_S._Burroughs,_Jr.)(SSFC, 12/24/06, p.M3)

1982        Mar 3, US Dist. Judge Harold Greene, who was immersed in an AT&T antitrust case, surprised broadcasters and Justice with an order declaring that limits on TV commercials violated antitrust laws.
    (http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3169/is_33_40/ai_64160619)

1983        Mar 3, Peter Ivers (b.1946), American musician, was found bludgeoned to death in his Los Angeles apartment. In 2008 Josh Frank authored “In heaven Everything Is Fine: The Unsolved Life of Peter Ivers and the Lost History of New Wave Theater."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Ivers)(SFC, 8/29/08, p.E1)
1983        Mar 3, Georges Remi (b.1907), Belgian author and illustrator, died. In 1929 Remi, under the pseudonym Herge, created the cartoon character Tintin. Remi is known as the father of the modern European comic book. In 2006 Tom McCarthy authored “Tintin and the Secret of Literature." In 2007 Philippe Goddin authored “Herge: Lignes de vie," a biography of Herge.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herg%C3%A9)(Econ, 6/24/06, p.98)(Econ, 12/20/08, p.84)

1984        Mar 3, Peter Ueberroth (b.1937) was elected baseball commissioner, effective Oct 1.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Ueberroth)

1985        Mar 3, The TV series "Moonlighting" with Cybill Shepard and Bruce Willis, premiered.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0088571/episodes#season-1)
1985        Mar 3, "My One and Only" closed at St. James Theater in NYC after 767 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=4221)
1985        Mar 3, Kevin McHale of Memphis State University set a Boston Celtics scoring record this night as he poured in 56 points in a 138-129 win over the Detroit Pistons.
    (http://celticsbandwagon.blogspot.com/2006_12_01_archive.html)
1985        Mar 3, The group, Women Against Pornography awarded one of its dubious "Pig Awards" to Huggies Diapers! The activists said that the diaper TV ads have "crossed the line between eye-catching and porn."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/March_3)
1985        Mar 3, Britain’s National Union of Mine Workers (NUM), led by Arthur Scargill, voted to end a 51 week strike that proved to be the longest and most violent walkout in British history.
    (SC, 3/3/02)(AP, 3/3/05)(Econ, 4/13/13, p.27)

1987        Mar 3, Danny Kaye (b.1913), actor, singer, dancer, comedian, broadcaster and American entertainment icon, died in Los Angeles.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danny_Kaye)

1988        Mar 3, The U.S. House of Representatives rejected a package of $30 million in non-lethal aid for the Nicaraguan Contras.
    (AP, 3/3/98)

1989        Mar 3, Senate Republican Leader Bob Dole suggested that Defense Secretary-designate John Tower be given the opportunity to appear before the Senate to answer allegations against him.
    (AP, 3/3/99)
1989        Mar 3, Robert McFarlane, former US National Security Advisor under Pres. R. Reagan, got a $20,000 fine and 2 years probation for the Iran-Contra affair.
    (www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/walsh/chap_01.htm)
1989        Mar 3, Machinists struck Eastern Airlines and pilots honored the picket lines.
    (SC, 3/3/02)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eastern_Airlines)

1990        Mar 3, President Bush sparked controversy by expressing opposition to the settlement of Soviet Jewish refugees in East Jerusalem.
    (AP, 3/3/00)
1990        Mar 3, Carole Gist (20) of Michigan was 1st black crowned 39th Miss USA.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1991        Mar 3, "Big Love" opened at Plymouth Theater in NYC for 41 performances.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1991        Mar 3, American General H. Norman Schwarzkopf and Saudi Lt. Gen. Prince Khalid discussed cease-fire terms with Iraqi commanders Lt. Gen. Mohammed Abdez Rahman al-Dagitistani and Lt. Gen. Sabin Abdel-Aziz al Douri. The Iraqis’ astonishment at the disparity involved in the prisoner exchange demonstrated how ignorant they still were of the magnitude of their own defeat.
    (HNPD, 3/3/99)(AP, 3/3/01)
1991        Mar 3, In Los Angeles police arrested ex-convict Rodney King after an 8-mile chase. King resisted arrest and the police used force to subdue him. A local resident captured part of the arrest and beating on video tape. The incident led to a police trial and acquittal that sparked a violent riot. In 1998 Lou Cannon published “Official Negligence: How Rodney King and the Riots Changed Los Angeles and the LAPD" documenting the whole affair.
    (WSJ, 2/5/98, p.A20)(SFEC, 2/8/98, BR p.1)(AP, 3/3/98)
1991        Mar 3, 25 people were killed when a United Airlines Boeing 737 inexplicably crashed while approaching the airport in Colorado Springs, Colo.
    (AP, 3/3/98)
1991        Mar 3, Arthur Murray (95), dance instructor, died of pneumonia.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1991        Mar 3, Latvia and Estonia voted to become independent of the USSR.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1991        Mar 3, Miguel Trovoada was installed as President of Sao Tomé e Principal. The former prime minister had returned from exile to run for president.
    (SC, 3/3/02)(AP, 7/18/03)
1991        Mar 3, Switzerland voted on lowering voting age from 20 to 18.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1992        Mar 3, President Bush apologized for raising taxes after pledging not to.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1992        Mar 3, In so-called “Junior Tuesday" political contests, Democrat Paul Tsongas won primaries in Maryland and Utah; Bill Clinton won in Georgia, Jerry Brown in Colorado. Among Republicans, President George H.W. Bush swept Georgia, Maryland and Colorado.
    (AP, 3/3/02)
1992        Mar 3, Charges were filed in Florida against New York Mets Darryl Boston, Vince Coleman and Dwight Gooden for rape. They were dropped in April.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1992        Mar 3, Bosnia’s Muslims and Croats voted for independence in a referendum boycotted by Serbs.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)
1992        Mar 3, In Turkey a gas explosion in underground coal mine in Kozlu, near the Black Sea port of Zonguldak, claimed 263 lives.
    (AP, 3/3/02)(AP, 5/17/10)

1993        Mar 3, Howard Stern radio show premiered in Boston on WBCN 104.1 FM-evenings.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1993        Mar 3, Albert Sabin (86), physician, developer of the oral polio vaccine, died in Washington.
    (AP, 3/3/98)

1994        Mar 3, "Damn Yankees" opened at Marquis Theater in NYC for 510 performances.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1994        Mar 3, "Philoktetes Variations", with Ron Vawter, premiered in Brussels.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1994        Mar 3, Amid continuing trade tensions with Japan, President Clinton issued an executive order reviving an expired provision of U.S. trade law known as Super 301, which provided a strict timetable for results.
    (AP, 3/3/99)
1994        Mar 3, In Florida Eddie Wayne Davis raped and killed Kimberly Waters (11), the daughter of a woman that he had briefly dated. He threw her body in a commercial trash bin. Davis was convicted in 1995 and executed on July 10, 2014.
    (http://tinyurl.com/nmk27y7)(SFC, 7/11/14, p.A14)

1995        Mar 3, President Clinton held a news conference in which he asserted his administration had built a safer world and stronger economy while Republicans were trying to cut money for the needy to give tax breaks to the rich.
    (AP, 3/3/00)
1995        Mar 3, The dollar plunged to a new low against the Japanese yen. In response the Fed and US Treasury bought more yen and were joined by 13 central banks. American and Japan intervened in 1995 to halt the dollar’s slide against the yen. The dollar stabilized.
    (AP, 3/3/00)(Econ, 3/29/08, p.100)
1995        Mar 3, Howard Hunter (87), US leader of Mormon Church (1994-95), died.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1995        Mar 3, Camilla Parker Bowles and her husband Andrew divorced.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1995        Mar 3, In Georgia Glenn Turner (31) was discovered dead in bed by his wife. A Cobb medical examiner ruled that he died from an irregular heartbeat. Lynn Turner murdered her police officer husband, Glenn Turner, to get his life insurance money. In 2001 she killed her boyfriend, Randy Thompson, by poisoning him with antifreeze. In 2007 Turner (38), convicted in 2004 for her husband’s death, was convicted again for the Thompson’s murder. Turner (42) died in prison on Aug 30, 2010.
    (www.ajc.com/news/lynn-turners-death-still-603086.html)(SSFC, 3/25/07, p.A3)(SFC, 8/31/10, p.A7)
1995        Mar 3, A car bomb exploded at a mosque in Karachi, Pakistan, and 10 people were killed.
    (www.dawn.com/2004/06/09/local4.htm)

1996        Mar 3, The 26th Easter Seal Telethon was held.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1996        Mar 3, Israel declared all-out war on the militant group Hamas after a bus bomb in Jerusalem killed 19 people, including the bomber, the third such suicide attack in eight days.
    (WSJ, 3/4/96, p. A-1)(AP, 3/3/01)     
1996        Mar 3, Marguerite Duras, French writer, died at age 81 in Paris. She was very prolific and was best known for her novel “The Lover." In 2008 her Wartime Writings: 1943-1949," translated by Linda Coverdale, was published.
    (WSJ, 3/4/96, p. A-1)(SSFC, 3/30/08, Books p.1)

1997        Mar 3, Vice President Al Gore, under fire for his aggressive role in campaign fund raising, acknowledged he'd solicited donations from his White House office but insisted he did not do "anything wrong, much less illegal." But he said he would never do it again.
    (AP, 3/3/98)
1997        Mar 3, It was announced that scientists had discovered why some people get fat, while others do not. They identified a gene that produces the UCP2 protein which tends to convert fat to energy rather than leaving it stored as fat.
    (SFEC, 3/3/97, p.A3)
1997        Mar 3, It was reported that the US FCC was prepared to set aside a portion of the airwaves for national transmission of CD-quality sound, digital audio radio. It was thought that it might lead to the first form of pay radio.
    (SFEC, 3/3/97, p.A6)
1997        Mar 3, Marine archaeologists announced the discovery of Blackbeard's flagship--Queen Anne’s Revenge. Reportedly born Edward Drummond in Bristol, England, around 1680, he later changed his name to Thatch or Teach and became a privateer--in essence a licensed pirate.
    (HNQ, 4/8/01)
1997        Mar 3, In Brazil a hidden camera revealed severe police brutality over three nights at the intersection of Naval and Jose Francisco Braz streets in Sao Paulo. The videotape showed 15 people abused by the police and one man shot dead in a car as it pulled away by officer Octavio Lorenco Gambra, aka Rambo.
    (SFC, 4/29/97, p.A10)
1997        Mar 3, In Pakistan a train derailed in eastern Punjab just outside Khaniwal and at least 136 people were killed and 450 injured.
    (SFC, 3/4/97, p.A9)
1997        Mar 3, In Rwanda dozens of bodies were found in Ruhengeri, the day after unidentified men killed three people including a tax collector. The UN accused Rwandan troops of killing at least 137 villagers in reprisal for the slaying of the official.
    (SFC, 5/2/97, p.A17)

1998        Mar 3, Presidential confidant Vernon Jordan testified before the grand jury investigating the Monica Lewinsky matter.
    (AP, 3/3/99)
1998        Mar 3, It was reported that the US had slashed aid to fight drugs in Bolivia by 75% or some $34 million. Aid in 1997 was $46 million. The allocation was partly shifted to Columbia.
    (SFC, 3/3/98, p.A9)
1998        Mar 3, Microsoft chairman Bill Gates testified before the Senate Judiciary Committee that his company wasn't a monopoly out to crush rivals in the Internet software market.
    (AP, 3/3/99)
1998        Mar 3, The Supreme Court ruled that local lawmakers' votes are immune to lawsuits even if they had been based on illegal or discriminatory motives.
    (AP, 3/3/99)
1998        Mar 3, Larry Doby (d.2003 at 79), the first black player in the American League (1947), was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.
    (AP, 3/3/99)(WSJ, 6/20/03, p.A1)
1998        Mar 3, Former CBS News president Fred W. Friendly died in New York at age 82.
    (AP, 3/3/99)
1998        Mar 3, Dr. Hans J. Muller-Eberhard, one of the first scientists to explain the importance of the complement system, died in Houston. He showed that front line attack of the immune system was a complex of about 20 separate protein molecules that together attacked cells through a series of reactions referred to as a cascade.
    (SFC, 3/8/98, p.C5)
1998        Mar 3, In Germany over 130,000 public sector workers stopped work. The 2nd walkout in 2 days was for a 4.5% increase in pay.
    (SFC, 3/4/98, p.C4)
1998        Mar 3, In India the BJP with regional allies emerged as the largest grouping from the general election. It was still 20 seats short of a governing majority in the 543-seat parliament.
    (FT, 3/4/98, p.1)
1998        Mar 3, In Mexico Senator Layda Sansores discovered a government spy center in Campeche. 22 similar operations throughout the country were indicated by the records found.
    (SFC, 4/13/98, p.A11)
1998        Mar 3, In Northern Ireland Damien Trainor (25) and Phillip Allen (34) were shot and killed by sectarian gunmen in the Railway Bar in Poyntzpass. Three others were wounded.
    (SFC, 3/5/98, p.A12)
1998        Mar 3, In Kosovo, Serbia, a mass funeral of 30,000 was held for 24 ethnic Albanians killed Feb 28.
    (SFC, 3/11/98, p.A8)
1998        Mar 3, In Zimbabwe a strike over soaring taxes and food prices left 80% of the nation’s workers at home.
    (SFC, 3/4/98, p.C4)

1999        Mar 3, Monica Lewinsky, in an ABC interview, the 20/20 TV show, timed to coincide with the publication of her book, recounted for Barbara Walters some of the fondest, as well as most painful, aspects of her relationship with President Clinton.
    (SFC, 3/4/99, p.A1)(AP, 3/3/00)
1999        Mar 3, The Supreme Court ruled that public schools had to finance one-on-one nursing care for some disabled students throughout the school day.
    (AP, 3/3/00)
1999        Mar 3, The New England Forestry Foundation announced a conservation deal that banned development on over 754,673 acres of prime Maine woods owned by the Pingree family. Gov. Angus King said the $28 million agreement would allow managed logging while preserving the wilderness character of the forestland.
    (SFC, 3/4/99, p.A3)(WSJ, 3/4/99, p.A1)
1999        Mar 3, In Arizona Walter LaGrand (37), a German citizen, was executed with cyanide gas for the 1982 murder of a bank manager. Germany later filed a complaint with the World Court for human rights violations because neither he nor his brother were not informed of their right to assistance from the German consulate.
    (SFC, 3/4/99, p.A3)(USAT, 9/17/99, p.13A)
1999        Mar 3, In Ecuador the sucre fell 14% and the Banco del Occidente closed due to liquidity problems.
    (WSJ, 3/4/99, p.A9)
1999        Mar 3, In Japan the short term interest rate fell to .02% as the central bank flooded the interbank market with cash.
    (WSJ, 3/4/99, p.A9)
1999        Mar 3, In Kosovo the KLA reverted to its earlier guerrilla tactics and killed 2 Serbians.
    (SFC, 3/5/99, p.D3)
1999        Mar 3, In Nigeria 8-14 people were killed in post-election violence.
    (SFC, 3/4/99, p.C4)
1999        Mar 3, From South Africa it was reported that 3.6 million people, one in eight adults, were carrying the AIDS virus by the end of 1998. This compared with 2.7 million in 1997.
    (SFC, 3/4/99, p.C5)(SFC, 4/27/99, p.A10)
1999        Mar 3, Turkey called US raids on Iraq that cut off oil flow to Turkey unacceptable. The US planes were based in Turkey.
    (WSJ, 3/4/99, p.A1)
1999        Mar 3, The Ugandan army killed 15 of the Rwanda Hutu rebels who butchered 8 foreign tourists Mar 1. Another 100 rebels escaped into the bush in side the Republic of the Congo.
    (SFC, 3/5/99, p.A12)

2000        Mar 3, In South Carolina Bob Jones University, a fundamentalist Christian college, said it was lifting its ban on interracial dating. University president Bob Jones the Third made the announcement on CNN’s “Larry King Live."
    (SFC, 3/4/00, p.A1)(AP, 3/3/01)
2000        Mar 3, Kevin Uliassi landed in Burma on the 10th day of his attempt to circle the globe as a solo balloonist.
    (SFC, 3/4/00, p.A2)
2000        Mar 3, In Burundi the authorities under int'l. pressure began dismantling 6 of nearly 60 camps holding hundreds of thousands of Hutu civilians.
    (SFC, 3/4/00, p.C1)
2000        Mar 3, Gen. Pinochet was flown home to Chile after being released from Britain on medical grounds, 16 months after he was detained in Britain on torture charges.
    (WSJ, 3/3/00, p.A1)(AP, 3/3/01)
2000        Mar 3, In Madagascar an estimated 600,000 people were affected by flooding from tropical storm Gloria and at least 55 people were reported killed.
    (SFC, 3/4/00, p.A12)
2000        Mar 3, In Senegal Pres. Abdou Diouf failed to get over 50% of the ballots and a runoff was scheduled with rival Abdoulaye Wade later in the month.
    (SFC, 3/4/00, p.C1)

2001        Mar 3, John Ruiz became the first Hispanic WBA heavyweight champion by defeating Evander Holyfield in a unanimous 12-round decision.
    (AP, 3/3/02)   
2001        Mar 3, A US National Guard C-23 Sherpa plane carrying members of an engineering crew crashed in Georgia and 21 people were killed.
    SSFC, 3/4/01, p.A5)(AP, 3/3/02)
2001        Mar 3, In Argentina Pres. Fernando De la Rua asked his entire cabinet to submit their resignations a day after Economy Minister Jose Luis Machinea submitted his resignation.
    (SSFC, 3/4/01, p.A27)
2001        Mar 3, The foot-and-mouth scare made its way from Britain to mainland Europe with the discovery of blisters on the snouts of three pigs in northern Belgium, sparking drastic measures.
    (AP, 3/3/02)

2002        Mar 3, US military forces and 6 allied nations made air and ground assaults against al Qaeda and Taliban fighters in the Afghan Shah-e-Kot mountains of eastern Paktia province.
    (SFC, 3/4/02, p.A1)
2002        Mar 3, Harlan Howard (74), song writer, died. His hits included “Heartaches by the Number" and “I Fall to Pieces," made famous by Patsy Cline.
    (SFC, 3/5/02, p.A18)
2002        Mar 3, A 7.2 earthquake was centered in northeast Afghanistan and at least 100 people were killed.
    (SFC, 3/5/02, p.A10)
2002        Mar 3, In Ahmadabad, India, the death toll from Hindu-Muslim violence climbed to 538 as Hindu mobs continued attacks on Muslims.
    (SFC, 3/4/02, p.A8)
2002        Mar 3, Israel used jets and helicopters to strike Palestinian targets. 4 Palestinians were killed.
    (SFC, 3/4/02, p.A1)
2002        Mar 3, In Kenya the Taliban gang (Kikuyu) killed 2 members of the Mungiki gang (Luo). The violence in east Nairobi left at least 20 people dead.
    (SFC, 3/5/02, p.A7)
2002        Mar 3, Syria’s Pres. Assad officially visited Lebanon for the 1st time in 27 years and met with Lebanon’s Pres. Emile Lahoud.
    (SFC, 3/4/02, p.A5)
2002        Mar 3, Switzerland voted in a referendum to join the UN, the 190th member, abandoning almost 200 years of formal neutrality.
    (SFC, 3/4/02, p.A2)(Econ, 2/14/04, Survey p.4)(AP, 3/3/07)
2002        Mar 3, In Vietnam a 3-day US-Vietnamese conference on Agent Orange began. High dioxin levels were found in people 30 years after spraying ended.
    (SSFC, 3/3/02, p.A11)

2003        Mar 3, President Bush offered a rough blueprint for adding drug benefits to Medicare.
    (AP, 3/3/04)
2003        Mar 3, Malcolm Kilduff (75), the White House spokesman who announced to a shocked world the death of President Kennedy, died in Beattyville, Ky.
    (AP, 3/3/04)
2003          Mar 3, Israeli troops raided a Gaza refugee camp and arrested Hamas co-founder Mohammed Taha. He founded Hamas in 1987, along with the group's spiritual leader, Sheik Ahmed Yassin, and three other senior clerics. Israel released him 14 months later. 8 Palestinians, among them a pregnant woman, were killed in clashes in the camp.
    (AP, 3/3/03)(AP, 3/3/08)
2003          Mar 3, In Kenya US diplomats opened a new embassy in Nairobi, replacing the one destroyed 4 ½ years ago when terrorists launched attacks.
    (AP, 3/4/03)
2003        Mar 3, A Special Court for Sierra Leone indicted Liberian Pres. Charles Taylor on charges including murder, rape, sexual slavery, conscripting child soldiers and terrorizing civilians for his support of rebels during Sierra Leone civil war. The Indictment was unsealed on June 4, 2003, during Taylor's first overseas trip since his indictment.
    (AP, 7/14/09)
2003          Mar 3, Lawmakers from Serbia and Montenegro inaugurated their new parliament, formally replacing Yugoslavia with the new state.
    (AP, 3/3/03)
2003          Mar 3, In Tanzania a new U.S. Embassy opened in Dar Es Salaam, replacing the one destroyed 4 ½ years ago when terrorists launched attacks.
    (AP, 3/4/03)
2003          Mar 3,  In northern Uganda a military firing squad executed 3 soldiers who had been convicted of murdering civilians.
    (AP, 3/4/03)

2004        Mar 3, In Portland, Ore., hundreds of gay couples applied for marriage licenses following an overnight policy change by county commissioners.
    (SFC, 3/04/04, p.A1)
2004        Mar 3, The Walt Disney Company's board voted to strip Michael Eisner of his chairman's post while retaining him as CEO.
    (AP, 3/3/05)
2004        Mar 3, Royal Dutch/Shell announced the resignations of CEO Sir Philip Watts and Walter van de Vijver, head of exploration and production.
    (WSJ, 4/20/04, p.A12)
2004        Mar 3, Harvard reported that it used private funds to create 17 new stem-cell lines from discarded fertility clinic embryos.
    (WSJ, 3/4/04, p.A1)
2004        Mar 3, Ethiopia was reported to have begun relocating hundreds of thousands of people from drought-prone areas to fertile lands to alleviate food shortages. Relocation began in May 2003 and many of the resettled people continued to face hunger, diarrhea and malaria. 
    (AP, 3/3/04)(SFC, 7/19/04, p.A1)
2004        Mar 3, French authorities said a previously unknown terror group is threatening to blow up French railway tracks unless it is paid millions of dollars.
    (AP, 3/3/04)
2004        Mar 3, Guatemala's Congress fired Oscar Dubon, the government's chief accountant, after he fled the country amid allegations of political corruption.
    (AP, 3/4/04)
2004        Mar 3, Haitian looters found rotting stacks of cash, estimated at $350,000, stashed in a tunnel beneath former Pres. Aristide's mansion.
    (WSJ, 3/4/04, p.A14)
2004        Mar 3, In Petit Goave, Haiti, an armed posse tracked down Ti Roro. They beat him with sticks, took him to the morgue to identify his alleged victims, ringed him with gasoline-soaked tires and burned him alive. As he was burning, he admitted to all of the 15 people he killed in the last year.
    (AP, 3/5/04)
2004        Mar 3, In India's Jammu-Kashmir state a suspected militant with explosives on his body grabbed a guard's rifle and opened fire in a jail courtyard, setting off a shootout that killed six people as well as himself.
    (AP, 3/3/04)
2004        Mar 3, Israeli helicopters fired two missiles at a car carrying Hamas militants on a road through the Gaza Strip, killing three people.
    (AP, 3/3/04)
2004        Mar 3, Malaysia's new PM Abdullah Ahmad Badawi called a snap national election that will pit the long-ruling secular coalition government against a fundamentalist Islamic opposition.
    (AP, 3/3/04)
2004        Mar 3, In eastern Nepal leftist rebels attacked a telecommunications tower in mountains, killing at least 29 soldiers and leaving 10 others missing.
    (AP, 3/3/04)
2004        Mar 3, Pakistani authorities detained at least 15 tribal leaders in a remote border region near Afghanistan for failing to turn over suspected al-Qaeda fugitives.
    (AP, 3/3/04)
2004        Mar 3, In Yemen security forces arrested Abdul Raouf Naseeb, a leading al-Qaeda member, along with other militants in the southern mountains.
    (AP, 3/4/04)

2005        Mar 3, President Bush visited CIA headquarters, where he promised agency employees they would retain an “incredibly vital" role in safeguarding the nation’s security despite the creation of a new post of national director of intelligence.
    (AP, 3/3/06)
2005        Mar 3, Millionaire adventurer Steve Fossett became the first person to fly around the world alone without stopping or refueling, touching down in central Kansas after a 67-hour, 23-thousand-mile journey.
    (AP, 3/3/06)
2005        Mar 3, Traders pushed the wholesale price of gasoline to a record high.
    (SFC, 3/4/05, p.C1)
2005        Mar 3, AOL launched a new beta version of its web browser Netscape 8.0.
    (WSJ, 3/3/05, p.B1)
2005        Mar 3, A UN report on AIDS in Africa said 80 million may be dead by 2025 with over 10% of the population infected.
    (WSJ, 3/4/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 3, An Arab League meeting opened in Cairo. An Arab diplomat said Syria has told Arab countries it needs to keep 3,000 troops and early-warning stations inside Lebanon to maintain its security despite international pressure for a full withdrawal. Saudi Arabia told Syria to withdraw its troops.
    (AP, 3/3/05)(SFC, 3/4/05, p.A3)
2005        Mar 3, In western Canada 4 Mounties were killed while they were investigating an illegal marijuana farm. Suspect James Roszko (46) killed himself after shooting the officers.
    (AP, 3/4/05)
2005        Mar 3, The seven Central American nations (Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama) agreed to create a rapid-response force to combat drug trafficking, terrorism and other regional threats.
    (AP, 3/3/05)
2005        Mar 3, In France a trial got under way in which 66 people were accused of participating in a pedophilia ring.
    (AP, 3/3/05)
2005        Mar 3, In Indonesia the alleged leader of a militant Islamic group was sentenced to 2 1/2 years in prison for conspiracy in the 2002 Bali nightclub bombings that killed 202 people but was cleared of more serious charges.
    (AP, 3/3/05)
2005        Mar 3, In Iraq car bombs killed six policemen and wounded 15 in new attacks on security services as political factions wrangled over putting together a government.
    (AP, 3/3/05)
2005        Mar 3, Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi issued a call for economic liberalization in the North African state.
    (AP, 3/3/05)
2005        Mar 3, In Nigeria thousands of rioters wielding sticks and broken bottles burned down a police station in Makurdi, protesting the police killing of a bus driver who apparently refused to pay a bribe equivalent to 14 cents.
    (AP, 3/3/05)
2005        Mar 3, Pakistani tribal militants, demanding greater political and economic rights, blew up a railway line to Iran in the third attack on the track in recent weeks.
    (AP, 3/3/05)
2005        Mar 3, Men in eastern and southern Saudi Arabia turned out in the thousands to vote in municipal elections. They expect to provide their first say in decision-making in this absolute monarchy.
    (AP, 3/3/05)

2006        Mar 3, President Bush arrived in Pakistan to meet with top officials, including President Pervez Musharraf, to discuss the war on terror. Thousands rallied across Pakistan against cartoons of Prophet Muhammad and a planned visit by President Bush as radical Islamic groups called a strike that shut shops and businesses in several major cities.
    (AP, 3/3/06)(AP, 3/3/07)
2006        Mar 3, The Pentagon released the names and home countries of many detainees who have been held at the isolated military prison for up to four years. A Freedom of Information Act lawsuit filed by The Associated Press forced the Department of Defense afternoon to turn over some 5,000 pages of transcripts from closed-door hearings on the detainees.
    (AP, 3/4/06)
2006        Mar 3, US army Gen. George Casey said the US military would continue paying Iraqi newspapers to publish stories favorable to the US after an inquiry found no fault with the practice. The practice would be illegal in the US.
    (SFC, 3/4/06, p.A3)
2006        Mar 3, Former US Congressman Randy "Duke" Cunningham (64), who pleaded guilty last year to taking $2.4 million in bribes, was sentenced by a federal judge in San Diego, Ca., to eight years and four months in prison.
    (Reuters, 3/4/06)
2006        Mar 3, Research In Motion, the Canadian maker of the BlackBerry wireless e-mail device, agreed to pay $612.5 million to NTP, a small Virginia intellectual properties firm, to settle all claims in a 4-year patent dispute.
    (SFC, 3/4/06, p.C1)(WSJ, 3/4/06, p.A1)
2006        Mar 3, Officials in southern California said archaeologists, excavating a housing development site, had found a prehistoric milling area at the base of the Angeles National Forest estimated to be 8,000 years old. Workers removed and catalogued about 100 tools and implements used by the Gabrielino-Tongva tribe. Azusa Land Partners is developing 1,250 homes on the 520-acre site.
    (AP, 3/3/06)
2006        Mar 3, In Austria talks between EU negotiators and Iran over its nuclear ambitions broke up without any agreement, paving the way for potential UN Security Council action against Tehran as early as next week.
    (AP, 3/3/06)
2006        Mar 3, In Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 10 assault rifles and a pistol were stolen from a barracks by seven gunmen wearing army-issued camouflage gear and ninja masks. The gunmen overpowered three guards, stole the weapons from a small depot and sped away in at least two cars waiting outside the building.
    (AP, 3/7/06)
2006        Mar 3, Detectives investigating Britain's largest robbery discovered several million pounds in cash at a warehouse in southeast London.
    (AP, 3/3/06)
2006        Mar 3, A US trade envoy said China is failing to do enough to prevent growing product piracy and could be forced to answer formal complaints over it in the World Trade Organization if it doesn't take more aggressive action.
    (AP, 3/3/06)
2006        Mar 3, In Ecuador a judge released former President Lucio Gutierrez from prison, ruling he broke no law by accusing his successor of conspiring to oust him from power.
    (AP, 3/3/06)
2006        Mar 3, Egypt arrested Rashad Bayyumi, a Muslim Brotherhood leader, along with 7 members of Egypt's main opposition group. Bayyumi sits on the Brotherhood's 13-member Guidance Bureau. 3 more members were arrested the next day.
    (AFP, 3/4/06)
2006        Mar 3, Scientists reported the discovery of a 19-mile wide crater in Egypt’s Sahara desert. The newfound crater, named Kebira, was likely carved by a space rock that was itself roughly 0.75 miles wide in an event that would have been quite a shock, destroying everything for hundreds of miles. It was discovered in satellite images by Boston University researchers Farouk El-Baz and Eman Ghoneim.
    (http://tinyurl.com/rukmd)
2006        Mar 3, The UN Security Council called on Eritrea to lift a ban on UN helicopter flights in its airspace, saying it imposes an "unacceptable restriction" that endangers the safety of United Nations staff in the country.
    (AP, 3/3/06)
2006        Mar 3, Anger against U.S. President George W. Bush swept through parts of India as protesters burned his effigy and carried posters of Osama bin Laden, and rioting demonstrators clashed with Hindus in a northern city, leaving at least one dead.
    (AP, 3/3/06)
2006        Mar 3, Iran offered to suspend full-scale uranium enrichment for up to two years during discussion in Moscow. The proposal reflected Tehran's attempts to escape UN Security Council action over the activity, which can be used to make nuclear arms.
    (AP, 3/7/06)
2006        Mar 3, Iraqi security forces in bulletproof vests took to the streets in the bloodied capital to enforce a daytime ban on private vehicles in an effort to blunt a surge of sectarian violence that has pushed Iraq to the edge of civil war. Insurgents attacks near Baghdad killed 19 people.
    (AP, 3/3/06)(WSJ, 3/4/06, p.A1)
2006        Mar 3, It was reported that Save the Children USA, a Connecticut-based humanitarian organization, will withdraw from Iraq due to deteriorating security there.
    (SFC, 3/3/06, p.A3)
2006        Mar 3, An Israeli couple set off a series of firecrackers in the Basilica of the Annunciation in Nazareth. The church was built on the site where Christians believe the Angel Gabriel appeared before the Virgin Mary and foretold the birth of Jesus.
    (AP, 3/4/06)(WSJ, 3/4/06, p.A1)
2006        Mar 3, Israeli troops shot and killed a Palestinian teenager and wounded a second person during an early morning raid in the West Bank city of Nablus.
    (AP, 3/3/06)
2006        Mar 3-2006 Mar 5, Wooden canoes, carrying West Africans seeking a better life in Europe, foundered off the coast of Mauritania over 3 days leaving at least 45 people dead.
    (SFC, 3/7/06, p.A3)(Reuters, 3/7/06)
2006        Mar 3, Khaled Mashaal, Hamas' political leader, rejected any discussion about the militant group's refusal to recognize Israel, dealing a setback to Moscow's efforts to persuade it to soften its stance.
    (AP, 3/3/06)
2006        Mar 3, In the Philippines President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo lifted a week-old state of emergency, justifying the controversial decree by claiming a coup plot had been "a clear and present danger." Isabela City Mayor Luis Biel II was shot and killed outside his office. Bodyguards killed the gunman.
    (AP, 3/3/06)(http://tinyurl.com/ytgzu6)
2006        Mar 3, South Korea rejected North Korea's demand that the countries redraw their western sea border, ending two days of high-level military talks without agreement.
    (AP, 3/3/06)
2006        Mar 3, An EU executive said Sweden's first case of mad cow disease has been confirmed by the European Union's central laboratory.
    (AP, 3/3/06)
2006        Mar 3, Zimbabwe’s minister of mines announced that 51% of all foreign mining shareholdings would have to be transferred to the government.
    (Econ, 3/18/06, p.64)

2007        Mar 3, In San Jose, Ca., members of the De Anza College baseball team gang-raped a girl at a house party. Members of the women’s soccer team rescued Jessica Gonzalez (17). In 2011 prosecutors said no criminal charges would be filed because the DA’s office could not prove that a crime occurred.
    (SFC, 10/15/11, p.C1)
2007        Mar 3, In Oklahoma Cherokee Nation members voted to revoke the tribal citizenship of an estimated 2,800 descendants of the people the Cherokee once owned as slaves.
    (AP, 3/4/07)
2007        Mar 3, Warren Alpert (b.1920), philanthropist, died in NYC. In 1950 he formed Warren Equities Inc., which became one of the largest independent gasoline and convenience store marketers and one of the leading independent wholesale petroleum marketers in the Northeast.  In 1986 Alpert founded the Warren Alpert Foundation, a philanthropic effort devoted to supporting medical research and health care. On Jan 29 it was announced that he had donated $100 million to Rhode Island’s Brown Medical school.
    (WSJ, 3/5/07, p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/25gd5v)
2007        Mar 3, A bomb blast in western Afghanistan killed two Afghan civilians and wounded 17 others. In southern Afghanistan 2 British soldiers were killed during a NATO combat operation.
    (AP, 3/3/07)(AFP, 3/4/07)
2007        Mar 3, In Algeria 4 workers from Russia and Ukraine and three Algerians were killed in a bomb attack on a bus near the town of Ain Defla, south of the capital Algiers.
    (AFP, 3/4/07)
2007        Mar 3, In Brazil gunmen killed five people in Rio de Janeiro's poor outskirts in an attack blamed on rival drug gangs.
    (AP, 3/4/07)
2007        Mar 3, Britain sent a crisis team to Ethiopia in an effort to obtain the release of five British embassy workers or their relatives who were kidnapped along with a group of French while on a trip to remote northeastern Ethiopia. An Ethiopian administrator accused Eritrean forces of kidnapping a group of five Europeans and 13 Ethiopians in a remote part of Ethiopia, and taking them to a military camp near the Eritrean border. Several Ethiopians who were kidnapped along with five Britons touring the African country's remote northeast were found.
    (AP, 3/3/07)(Reuters, 3/3/07)(AP, 3/4/07)
2007        Mar 3, CAR rebel and government military sources said rebels in the Central African Republic have attacked the northeastern town of Birao, which they had occupied for a month in November.
    (AFP, 3/3/07)
2007        Mar 3, In Colombia 4 police officers and a civilian were killed as officers moved a powerful bomb allegedly planted by leftist rebels as part of an attempt to kill a city mayor.
    (AP, 3/3/07)
2007        Mar 3, In eastern Indonesian a bomb packed with nails exploded at a port in the city of Ambon, wounding 12 people. Landslides triggered by days of heavy rain killed at least 40 people in eastern Indonesia, and nearly 30 more were believed to be buried under the mud.
    (AP, 3/3/07)
2007        Mar 3, Gunmen stormed the home of a Sunni family threatened with death for meeting with local Shiites, separating out the women and children and executing six men. American warplanes bombed an area near Taji, on Baghdad's northern outskirts, killing "key terrorists" who were using anti-aircraft artillery to fire at military helicopters. In a separate raid in the Taji area, nine suspected insurgents were captured, including two believed to be responsible for recruiting and helping foreign militants join the insurgency in Baghdad. At least 7 other people wee killed in shootings and roadside bombs.
    (AP, 3/3/07)
2007        Mar 3, In central Japan an annual hunt for as many as 20,000 dolphins drew to a close. Herded since October the youngest and most attractive dolphins were put up for sale to theme parks for as much as $100,000.
    (SFC, 3/3/07, p.B6)
2007        Mar 3, In Kuwait a criminal court acquitted two former Guantanamo Bay prisoners of joining al-Qaida or the Taliban.
    (AP, 3/3/07)
2007        Mar 3, In southern Mexico gunmen killed two members of Mexico's former ruling party in the mountain city of Tlapa in Guerrero state.
    (AP, 3/3/07)
2007        Mar 3, In northern Morocco a bus skidded off a treacherous mountain road, killing nine people and injuring 45 others.
    (AP, 3/3/07)
2007        Mar 3, Officials said Mozambican marines rescued more than 1,700 people, including 900 children, from flooding in central Mozambique.
    (AP, 3/3/07)
2007        Mar 3, Pakistan successfully test-fired a short-range missile capable of carrying a nuclear warhead.
    (AP, 3/3/07)
2007        Mar 3, Pope Benedict named Kazimierz Nycz, a bishop with a spotless record, as archbishop of Warsaw to replace a prelate who resigned in disgrace after admitting he spied for the communist police.
    (Reuters, 3/3/07)
2007        Mar 3, Russian police violently broke up an unauthorized opposition rally in St. Petersburg, clubbing dozens of activists before dragging them into waiting buses.
    (AP, 3/3/07)
2007        Mar 3, Saudi Arabia's king personally welcomed Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad upon his arrival, a rapprochement many hope will help calm sectarian tensions threatening the Middle East. The leaders pledged to fight the spread of sectarian strife in the Middle East, which they said was the biggest danger facing the region.
    (AP, 3/3/07)(AP, 3/4/07)
2007        Mar 3, A Yemen official said a hundred jailed Muslim extremists, including some who allegedly fought for al-Qaida in Iraq, had been released. Some had completed serving their sentences, while some of the others were acquitted for lack of evidence.
    (AP, 3/4/07)

2008        Mar 3, The US and EU filed a WTO case against China demanding that it loosen restraints on foreign companies vying for a greater slice of the country's lucrative market for financial information.
    (AP, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 3, In West Palm Beach, Florida, Alburn Edward Blake (60) opened fire inside a Wendy’s restaurant killing a paramedic and wounding 5 others before killing himself.
    (SFC, 3/4/08, p.A4)
2008        Mar 3, In Memphis, Tennessee, police found 6 bodies, including 2 men, 2 women and 2 boys, and 3 seriously wounded children, aged 1-12, in the Binghampton neighborhood. Jessie L. Dotson (33), the brother of one of the dead men and a convicted killer recently released from prison, was arrested March 7. In 2010 Dotson was convicted for the 6 murders and faced the death penalty.
    (SFC, 3/5/08, p.A5)(AP, 3/9/08)(SFC, 10/12/10, p.A6)
2008        Mar 3, In Washington state 3 new expensive homes went up in flames in the Seattle suburb of Woodinville. A spray painted sign was marked ELF, the initials of the Earth Liberation Front. 2 other homes had minor fire or smoke damage.
    (SFC, 3/4/08, p.A3)
2008        Mar 3, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber attacked a government building protected by NATO and Afghan troops. 2 NATO troops and two civilians died in the blast.
    (AP, 3/3/08)(AP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 3, Colin Norris (32), convicted of killing four elderly patients in northern England with insulin overdoses, was sentenced to life in prison. must serve at least 30 years before being eligible for parole. Norris was arrested in December 2002 but not charged until 2005.
    (AP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 3, The film "Away from Her" was the big winner at Canada's Genie Awards, winning seven statuettes, including best picture, best actor, best actress and best director for first-time filmmaker Sarah Polley.
    (Reuters, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 3, Cambodia passed legislation on the “Suppression of Human Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation" to comply with the United States policy on human trafficking.
    (http://healthdev.net/site/post.php?s=3840)
2008        Mar 3, Ecuador's president said that his government was in "very advanced" talks with Colombian rebels to free 12 hostages, including former presidential candidate Ingrid Betancourt and three US contractors, but was thwarted by Colombia’s military raid. Venezuela and Ecuador expelled Colombia’s diplomats and cracked down on trade across the border.
    (AP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 3, Egyptian security forces detained at least 36 members of the Muslim Brotherhood, Egypt's strongest opposition group, including some likely candidates in local elections next month. The men were accused of belonging to a banned group, possessing anti-government literature and organizing unauthorized meetings. Egypt has arrested more than 230 members of the Islamist group since mid-February, taking the total number in detention to well over 550.
    (Reuters, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 3, Parvin Ardalan (36), an Iranian women's rights activist, was to receive the 2007 Olof Palme award in Stockholm, Sweden, but was told just before her flight that she was not allowed to leave the country.
    (AP, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 3, The UN Security Council imposed another round of sanctions on Iran for refusing to suspend uranium enrichment. Iran defiantly vowed to continue its nuclear program, which it insists is aimed only at generating power.
    (AP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 3, In Iraq Pres. Talabani and Iran’s Pres. Ahmadinejad signed 7 memorandums of understanding on issues including industrial development, trade and customs. At least 23 people were killed and dozens were wounded when two suicide car bombs exploded in different parts of Baghdad. 3 police officers were killed by a parked car bomb in the town of Shikaat, north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 3, Israeli ground troops pulled out of northern Gaza before daybreak, following the first extended sweep in an offensive against Palestinian rocket squads that has left more than 100 dead and led the Palestinian president to call off peace talks.
    (AP, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 3, In western Kenya dozens of people with assault rifles and machetes stormed a village, killing at least 13 people, including six children. Some were burned alive in their homes. National Police spokesman Eric Kiraithe said the attack in Embakasi village was over land, not the country's disputed Dec. 27 presidential election.
    (AP, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 3, In Myanmar 5 people were killed in execution-style shootings in the wealthy Yangon neighborhood where democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi is under house arrest.
    (AFP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 3, A UN helicopter crashed while flying in bad weather in Nepal's mountainous east, killing at least 10 people.
    (AP, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 3, A Red Cross official said more than 900 people have been stricken with typhoid in a city just south of the Philippine capital Manila. The disease was spread out in 18 villages.
    (AP, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 3, Russia quelled protests in Moscow following the elections and reduced natural gas supplies to Ukraine over $600 million in alleged nonpayments for past deliveries.
    (WSJ, 3/4/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 3, Saudi police arrested 28 suspected militants accused of trying to rebuild al-Qaida’s terror network in the kingdom.
    (WSJ, 3/4/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 3, The US launched an airstrike on a Somali town held by Islamic extremists to go after a group of terrorist suspects. Three missiles hit Dobley, a town four miles from the Kenyan border, destroying a home and seriously injured eight people.
    (AP, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 3, In Sri Lanka 14 rebels were killed in ongoing clashes with government forces.
    (AFP, 3/4/08)
2008        Mar 3, The Sri Lankan navy said it rescued 71 Burmese Bangladeshi citizens aboard a vessel that had drifted for 12 days in the Indian Ocean. 20 others had died from lack of food and water.
    (SFC, 3/4/08, p.A3)
2008        Mar 3, The UN in Sudan accused a rebel group of blocking access to a mountainous area in Darfur where 20,000 people are trapped after fighting between government and rebels.
    (Reuters, 3/3/08)
2008        Mar 3, Tens of thousands of Syrians filled the central square of the capital to protest an Israeli offensive in the Gaza Strip that has left scores of Palestinians dead.
    (AP, 3/3/08)

2009        Mar 3, US President Barack Obama and British PM Gordon Brown held their first White House talks. They discussed the coordination of worldwide actions to stimulate economies.
    (AFP, 3/3/09)(SFC, 3/4/09, p.A5)
2009        Mar 3, The IMF said 22 of the world’s poorest nations may need a total of $25 billion in additional funding this year.
    (WSJ, 3/4/09, p.A10)
2009        Mar 3, In southern Afghanistan 3 Canadian soldiers were killed and two wounded in a bomb blast in Arghandab, northwest of Kandahar.
    (AFP, 3/4/09)
2009        Mar 3, Bangladeshi police arrested Syed Tauhidul Alam, the suspected ringleader of a deadly border guard mutiny that killed 74 people, during a raid in a slum in Dhaka. 4 other border guards were also arrested.
    (AP, 3/3/09)(SFC, 3/4/09, p.A4)(Econ, 3/7/09, p.48)
2009        Mar 3, Canadian banks cut their prime lending rates after the Bank of Canada, the country's central bank, cut its key interest rate by a half-point to a record low of 0.5 percent.
    (Reuters, 3/3/09)
2009        Mar 3, In southern Ethiopia a cattle-herding tribe crowned Guyyoo Gobbaa (36) as their new king in a secret ceremony considered so sacred that the Borena people believe it has the power to kill unauthorized observers.
    (AP, 3/4/09)
2009        Mar 3, In Germany the building that houses the Cologne city archives collapsed. 3 people were feared missing in other damaged buildings nearby.
    (AP, 3/3/09)
2009        Mar 3, Guatemala’s President Alvaro Colom announced that a new government commission will organize and declassify military documents that could shed light on torture, disappearances and other atrocities during Guatemala's 36-year civil war. Inmates at a Guatemalan juvenile prison killed Winter Vidaurre, one of their teachers, during a riot. They removed his heart before police regained control of the prison using tear gas. The prisoners had taken three of their teachers hostage to protest the transfer of several of their fellow inmates to another detention center.
    (AP, 3/3/09)
2009        Mar 3, Lawmakers in Guinea-Bissau voted to uphold the constitution by which parliament speaker Raimundo Pereira succeeds as interim president, following the assassination of the head of state. Pereira took the oath of office.
    (AFP, 3/3/09)(SFC, 3/4/09, p.A2)
2009        Mar 3, An official said 4 Indonesians have died of bird flu over the last 2 months, bringing the death toll in the country over the past several years to 119.
    (AP, 3/3/09)
2009        Mar 3, In Iraq the body of Munther Mohammed Shaheen, the son of a newspaper editor, was found in Kirkuk. One American soldier was killed in Mosul as insurgents attacked an US-Iraqi base there.
    (AP, 3/4/09)(SFC, 3/4/09, p.A2)
2009        Mar 3, In Kyrgyzstan Syrgak Abdyldayev, a journalist with the Reporter-Bishkek weekly, was stabbed repeatedly by four assailants after leaving his office. Opposition parties described the attack as an attempt to stamp out freedom of expression.
    (AP, 3/4/09)
2009        Mar 3, In Mexico hundreds of heavily armed soldiers fanned out across Ciudad Juarez, trying to prevent a collapse in law and order just south of the US border. Joggers found the decapitated bodies of 3 men near a bullfighting ring in the border city of Tijuana. The heads were found nearby with a message calling the men "snitches." One of the dead included Jorge Norman Harrison (38), an American who had been convicted for drug trafficking in the US. A fourth body, whose head was wrapped in masking tape, was found in a creek.
    (Reuters, 3/3/09)(AP, 3/3/09)(AP, 3/7/09)
2009        Mar 3, In Pakistan at least a dozen men ambushed Sri Lanka's cricket team with rifles, grenades and rocket launchers as they drove to the stadium ahead of a match in Lahore, killing 6 policemen and a driver. The attackers melted away into the city. None were killed or captured.
    (AP, 3/3/09)
2009        Mar 3, Igor Panarin, dean at the Russian Foreign Ministry's school for future diplomats and a regular on Russia's state-guided TV channels, told dozens of students, professors and diplomats that: "There is a high probability that the collapse of the US will occur by 2010." He also said the US will break up into six autonomous regions and Alaska will revert to Russian control.
    (AP, 3/4/09)
2009        Mar 3, In Saudi Arabia Khamisa Sawadi, a 75-year-old widow, was sentenced to 40 lashes and four months in jail for mingling with two young men who are not close relatives. The case drew new criticism for the kingdom's ultraconservative religious police and judiciary.
    (AP, 3/10/09)
2009        Mar 3, Sudanese President Omar al-Beshir inaugurated a massive hydro-electric project that has displaced tens of thousands and is the largest to be built along the Nile in 40 years.
    (AP, 3/3/09)
2009        Mar 3, In Zimbabwe’s parliament former opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai was sworn in. A judge ordered the release on bail of senior opposition lawmaker Roy Bennett after nearly three weeks in prison on weapons charges.
    (AP, 3/3/09)

2010        Mar 3, NYC Rep. Charles Rangel (b.1930), announced he will temporarily step down as chairman of the powerful House Ways and Means Committee, saying he didn't want his ethics controversy to jeopardize election prospects for fellow Democrats.
    (AP, 3/3/10)
2010        Mar 3, Wyoming Gov. Dave Freudenthal signed legislation adopting an official Wyoming state code. Its “cowboy ethics" admonishments to residents included such phrases as: “ to live courageously, take pride in work, and to keep promises."
    (SFC, 3/4/10, p.A8)
2010        Mar 3, Arab nations gave the green light for Palestinians to enter indirect negotiations with Israel for a preliminary four-month period, a decision likely to break the months-long deadlock over resuming Mideast peace talks.
    (AP, 3/3/10)
2010        Mar 3, A British judge ordered former Bosnian Vice President Ejup Ganic held in custody despite a request to release him while he challenges a Serbian demand that he be extradited for alleged war crimes. Ganic was arrested March 1 at Heathrow Airport after Serbia issued an arrest warrant accusing him of war crimes in connection with the 1992 deaths of Serbian troops in Bosnia.
    (AP, 3/3/10)
2010        Mar 3, Michael Foot (b.1913), British left-wing politician, died. He led the Labour party long before its media-friendly transformation under Tony Blair. He became Labour leader from 1980 to 1983, advocating left-wing policies like nuclear disarmament which led one colleague to call his 1983 election manifesto "the longest suicide note in history."
    (AFP, 3/3/10)
2010        Mar 3, In Germany Christoph Schmidt-Rose, mayor of Niederzimmern, told local radio station MDR that people can buy a hole in the town for 50 euros (68 dollars). In return the authorities will repair it.
    (AFP, 3/3/10)
2010        Mar 3, Greece announced painful new austerity measures worth euro4.8 billion ($6.5 billion) to deal with a financial crisis that has hammered the euro and unsettled financial markets.
    (AP, 3/3/10)
2010        Mar 3, In Iraq a string of three deadly suicide bombings killed 30 people in the former insurgent stronghold of Baqouba, including a blast from a suicide bomber who rode in an ambulance with the wounded before blowing himself up at a hospital.
    (AP, 3/3/10)
2010        Mar 3, Italian police arrested seven people on suspicion of trafficking arms to Iran, two Iranians they believe are secret agents and five Italians. Two more Iranians were being sought. On April 29 Ali Damirchi-Lou and state television reporter Hamid Masoumi-Nejad were released from jail and placed under house arrest.
    (AP, 3/3/10)(AFP, 4/30/10)
2010        Mar 3, In Laos senior officials from Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam met in Luang Prabang to discuss the Mekong River. The Mekong River Commission in a draft report said severe drought has dropped the river to its lowest level in nearly 20 years, halting some cargo traffic and boat tours on the waterway, the lifeblood for 65 million people in six countries.
    (AP, 3/3/10)
2010        Mar 3, A Mexican woman charged that Rev. Marcial Maciel (1920-2008), the deceased, scandal-tainted founder of the conservative order Legionaries of Christ (1941), led a double life and fathered two children with her.
    (AP, 3/4/10)
2010        Mar 3, Pakistan's paramilitary forces said troops had killed 38 militants during a week-long operation against the Taliban under the codename "Spring Cleaning". In central Pakistan a local police chief and four officers were arrested after a video allegedly showed one officer publicly beating suspects with a fat leather strap as the other officers held down the victims in the small town of Bhuwana in Punjab province.
    (AFP, 3/3/10)(AP, 3/3/10)
2010        Mar 3, A Philippine official said a wildlife officer is suspected of stealing more than 1,500 pounds (700 kilograms) of smuggled elephant tusks seized last year, an embarrassing setback for the country's anti-poaching efforts. The ivory worth $65,000 was part of a 8,800-pound (4,000-kilogram) shipment of tusks that was impounded at Manila airport in July and turned over for disposal to the Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau.
    (AP, 3/3/10)
2010        Mar 3, Somali pirates seized the Sakoba, a Kenyan-flagged fishing vessel.
    (AP, 3/9/10)
2010        Mar 3, An American diplomat based in South Korea fled to the Philippines after facing charges that he swindled a local woman out of nearly $200,000 in the southern city of Busan.
    (AP, 3/15/10)
2010        Mar 3, Freak waves off the coast of Spain smashed into the Louis Majesty, a Mediterranean cruise ship, flooding cabins, breaking windows in a restaurant and terrifying many travelers in an ordeal that claimed two lives.
    (AP, 3/4/10)
2010        Mar 3, In western Sudan 11 people died in fighting between the Misseriya and Nuwayba tribes in the Darfur region.
    (AFP, 3/7/10)
2010        Mar 3, The Ukrainian parliament ousted the government of PM Yulia Tymoshenko in a no-confidence vote, dealing a final blow to the leadership of the pro-Western Orange Revolution and leaving her to lead the opposition in parliament. The no-confidence resolution passed with 243 votes in the 450-seat chamber.
    (AP, 3/3/10)
2010        Mar 3, Zimbabwe's the industry minister said the cabinet will review new local ownership rules that have sparked concern among business leaders, saying the law had been published "prematurely."
    (AFP, 3/3/10)

2011        Mar 3, President Barack Obama met with Mexican President Felipe Calderon  to smooth over troubles in their drugs war alliance. Calderon pressed Obama to crack down on US drug consumption and illegal arms sales. After the meeting it was announced that Mexico and the US agreed to end a ban on Mexican trucks crossing into the US. The agreement would lead to Mexico dropping tariffs on $2.4 billion worth of US pork, cheese, corn and fruits.
    (Reuters, 3/3/11)(SFC, 3/4/11, p.D5)
2011        Mar 3, Dr. Richard B. Hoover, an astrobiologist at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center, said he has found conclusive evidence of alien life, fossils of bacteria found in an extremely rare class of meteorite called CI1 carbonaceous chondrites. (There are only nine such meteorites on planet Earth.) His findings were published today in the Journal of Cosmology, a peer-reviewed scientific journal. Scientists inside and outside NASA distanced themselves from Hoover saying he does not have expertise in astrobiology.
    (http://tinyurl.com/4t485yy)(SFC, 3/7/11, p.A4)
2011        Mar 3, In Nevada Micaela "Mickey" Costanzo (16), disappeared after track practice at West Wendover High School. Her body was found March 5 in a shallow grave in a remote desert area about five miles west of West Wendover, near the Utah border.
    (AP, 3/7/11)
2011        Mar 3, In Texas Rev. Clint Dobson (28) was killed during a robbery at his Arlington church. A church employee was severely beaten in the attack Steven Lawayne Nelson (24), a distant relative was arrested and faced a charge of capital murder.
    (SSFC, 3/6/11, p.A10)
2011        Mar 3, Austria detained Serbian colonel Jovan Divjak (73) on a Serbian warrant. He had defected to Bosnia's army at the start of the conflict between the two sides. Divjak awaited a hearing on whether he should be extradited on suspicion of war crimes.
    (AP, 3/4/11)
2011        Mar 3, Bahrain’s Shiite opposition groups, seeking to loosen the Sunni monarchy's grip on power, said they are ready to negotiate with the Gulf nation's rulers about political change after weeks of protests. Clashes between Sunnis and Shiites added to fears that Bahrain could be dragged deeper into a sectarian conflict between Sunnis backing the monarchy and Shiites who represent 70 percent of the population.
    (AP, 3/3/11)(AP, 3/4/11)
2011        Mar 3, A Brazilian judged overturned a lower court ruling that suspended work on the $11 billion Belo Monte dam project.
    (SFC, 3/4/11, p.A2)
2011        Mar 3, Britain released 35 previously classified files documenting sightings of UFOs, unidentified flying objects, by the military and members of the public dating back to the 1950s.
    (Reuters, 3/4/11)
2011        Mar 3, The daughters of Chile's assassinated former army chief, Gen. Carlos Prats, sued the Chilean government for $15 million dollars. The lawsuit also targeted Manuel Contreras, the jailed former spy chief of Gen. Augusto Pinochet, as well as other high-ranking members of the 1973-1990 dictatorship.
    (AP, 3/30/11)
2011        Mar 3, Chinese police further intensified pressure on foreign reporters, warning them to stay away from spots designated for Middle East-inspired protests and threatening them with expulsion or a revoking of their credentials.
    (AP, 3/3/11)
2011        Mar 3, Egypt's military rulers said the prime minister appointed by ousted President Hosni Mubarak has resigned, meeting a key demand of the opposition protest movement. The military chose former Transport Minister Essam Sharaf as the new prime minister and asked him to form a new caretaker Cabinet to run the government throughout a transition back to civilian rule.
    (AP, 3/3/11)
2011        Mar 3, French President Nicolas Sarkozy and his indebted government said they are abandoning a tax ceiling for big earners, once hailed as key to modernizing France and luring investors.
    (AP, 3/3/11)
2011        Mar 3, India's graft-tainted government suffered a fresh setback when Central Vigilance Commissioner P.J. Thomas, its candidate to be the chief corruption fighter, was rejected by the Supreme Court because of a pending criminal case. Thomas was appointed in September despite having been charged in 2000 over his role in allegedly fraudulent imports of palm oil from Malaysia while he worked as a civil servant in the Kerala state government in the 1990s.
    (AFP, 3/3/11)
2011        Mar 3, In India about a dozen workers, after learning they were laid off, attacked a vehicle carrying steel factory executive Radhey Shyam Roy as he was leaving the factory in eastern Orissa state. They doused the Jeep with gasoline and set it on fire. Two other people in the vehicle were allowed to flee but Roy (59) was trapped inside and later died of severe burns. Two people were detained and faced murder charges.
    (AP, 3/4/11)
2011        Mar 3, Indonesian journalist Banjir Ambarita, who covered a police sex scandal, was treated in the hospital after being stabbed in the stomach and chest. Ambarita had written about three police officers who confessed to sexually abusing a female detainee.
    (AP, 3/3/11)
2011        Mar 3, In Iraq a suicide bomber struck a group of soldiers collecting their paychecks in Haditha, killing eight people. Massoud Barzani asked the Kurdish parliament to study the possibility of early general elections in the Kurdish region. A spokeswoman said former PM Ayad Allawi, who led a political coalition heavily supported by Iraq's minority Sunnis, has turned down a position in the new government. The step could further marginalize Sunnis.
    (AP, 3/3/11)
2011        Mar 3, Ivory Coast security forces, loyal to Laurent Gbagbo, the former president still clinging to power, fatally shot 7 women protesting his refusal to leave office. The UN said more than 200,000 people have fled the intensified fighting.
    (AP, 3/3/11)(Econ, 3/12/11, p.17)
2011        Mar 3, Japanese researchers said they have developed a human-shaped mobile phone with a skin-like outer layer that enables users to feel closer to those on the other end.
    (AFP, 3/3/11)
2011        Mar 3, A Kyrgyzstan court sentenced Eugene Gourevich, an American businessman, to 15 years in jail in absentia for selling a fuel depot in Kyrgyzstan to a US company at $3 million below the market rate. Gourevich fled Kyrgyzstan after the overthrow last year of President Kurmanbek Bakiyev. Kyrgyz authorities believed the Bakiyev family benefited financially from opaque fuel supply deals with the US air base.
    (AP, 3/16/11) 
2011        Mar 3, Libya’s Muammar Gaddafi struck at rebel control of a key Libyan coastal road for a second day but received a warning he would be held to account at The Hague for suspected crimes by his security forces. Mutinous army units deployed around the strategic oil installation at Brega, securing the site after the opposition repelled an attempt by loyalists of Moammar Gadhafi to retake the port in rebel-held east Libya. A spokesman for Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez said the Libyan government has accepted a Venezuelan plan that seeks a negotiated solution to the uprising in the North African country.
    (Reuters, 3/3/11)(AP, 3/3/11)(Reuters, 3/3/11)
2011        Mar 3, The Mexican army ordered three junior officers and 10 soldiers to stand trial on drug trafficking and organized crime charges. Officials said they were caught with more than a ton of methamphetamines and 66 pounds (30 kg) of cocaine last week at a military checkpoint south of Tijuana.
    (AP, 3/4/11)
2011        Mar 3, Mexican agricultural officials say they have euthanized 114 peacocks, ostriches and other birds at a zoo due to an avian virus.
    (AP, 3/4/11)
2011        Mar 3, In Nigeria a bomb exploded at a political rally in Suleija, Niger state, for Babangida Aliyu, the gubernatorial candidate for the People's Democratic Party, Nigeria's ruling party, killing 3 people and wounding 21 others. A 4th person died of wounds the next day.
    (AP, 3/3/11)(AP, 3/4/11)
2011        Mar 3, Pirates off the coast of Nigeria's commercial capital of Lagos attacked a chemical tanker in an unsuccessful bid to board and rob the ship in the Gulf of Guinea.
    (AP, 3/7/11)
2011        Mar 3, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide car bombing and an ambush by militants targeting police killed 10 people including nine officers in Hangu town. Gunmen killed six tribal policemen in the rugged Khyber tribal district bordering Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 3/3/11)(AP, 3/4/11)
2011        Mar 3, South Africa's highest court ordered a top Johannesburg-based mining company to compensate the family of a dead mineworker, overturning a law which prohibited mineworkers with lung diseases from claiming compensation.
    (AP, 3/3/11)
2011        Mar 3, Turkish police detained 13 people, mostly journalists, in a crackdown on an alleged secularist network accused of conspiring to topple the Islamic-rooted government. Critics say the case is part of a government assault on press freedom. 4 of the journalists were released on March 12, 2012.
    (AP, 3/3/11)(AP, 3/13/12)

2012        Mar 3, In California 5 men from Orange County were charged with mortgage fraud. They had businesses promising homeowners secure loan modifications for an up-front fee. They just kept the fees with no loan modifications.
    (SSFC, 3/4/12, p.A10)
2012        Mar 3, In Washington state Mitt Romney led the Republican primary with 37% of the vote, followed by Ron Paul with 25%, Rick Santorum with 24%, and Newt Gingrich with 11%. None of the state's 43 delegates were awarded.
    (SSFC, 3/4/12, p.A10)
2012        Mar 3, Ralph McQuarrie (b.1929), movie artist, died in Berkeley, Ca. He helped envision the Star Wars films of George Lucas.
    (SFC, 3/7/12, p.C3)
2012        Mar 3, In southern Algeria a suicide attack on a police base left 24 people wounded and the bomber dead at Tamanrasset. The Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa claimed responsibility. The group surfaced in December, when it claimed to be holding three Westerners kidnapped from a Western Sahara refugee camp in Algeria in October.
    (AFP, 3/3/12)
2012        Mar 3, Thousands of Australians were ordered to evacuate their homes in Sydney's northwest and elsewhere in New South Wales state as heavy rainfall flooded rivers and waterways.
    (AFP, 3/3/12)
2012        Mar 3, In Chile Daniel Zamudio (24), a gay man, suffered severe head trauma and a broken right leg in a beating in Santiago. A swastika was drawn on the victim's chest by the unidentified assailants, leading to speculation that neo-Nazis may have attacked him. Doctors put him into an induced coma while treating his head trauma.
    (AP, 3/6/12)
2012        Mar 3, In northwestern China a Tibetan teenager died after setting herself on fire. The girl, said to be aged between 16 and 19 years old, set herself alight at a vegetable market in Maqu county in Gansu province.
    (AFP, 3/5/12)
2012        Mar 3, Chinese forces intercepted two Vietnamese fishing boats near the disputed Paracel islands. The Chinese soon demanded 70,000 yuan ($11,000) for the release of 21 fishermen.
    (AP, 3/22/12)
2012        Mar 3, Egyptian lawmakers clashed over who should have the right to draft the country's constitution, in a heated debate focusing on the influence of Islamists on the crucial document and how religiously conservative Egypt will be.
    (AP, 3/3/12)
2012        Mar 3, A Cairo court dismissed a complaint against Christian tycoon Naguib Sawaris accused of insulting Islam with a cartoon of Mickey Mouse and Minnie Mouse in conservative Muslim garb. Hardline Islamist lawyer and MP Mamduh Ismail said he would appeal.
    (AFP, 3/3/12)
2012        Mar 3, In eastern Guinea 50 people traveling to a weekly market were killed and 27 others injured when the lorry they were travelling in crashed.
    (AFP, 3/3/12)
2012        Mar 3, In Ireland the heart of St. Laurence O’Toole (1128-1180), the patron saint of Dublin, was stolen from Christ Church Cathedral in Dublin.
    (SFC, 3/5/12, p.A2)
2012        Mar 3, Libyan Islamists and independents formed a new political party, electing Mohammed Sawan as its leader, a Muslim Brotherhood member who was a political prisoner under the regime of dead dictator Moamer Kadhafi.
    (AFP, 3/3/12)
2012        Mar 3, In Libya Estonian technician Kaido Keerdo (31) working for Danish church Aid was killed while examining unexploded munitions scattered near a police compound in Ad Dafniyah.
    (www.libyaherald.com/deadly-cluster-bomb-killed-estonian-mine-expert/)
2012        Mar 3, In Nepal 6 people were killed as a fire tore through the main vegetable market in Kathmandu destroying more than 100 stalls.
    (AFP, 3/4/12)
2012        Mar 3, In Pakistan a policemen was killed and a local lawmaker was among eight wounded in a suicide attack in the northwestern Khyber Pakhtunkhaw province.
    (AFP, 3/3/12)
2012        Mar 3, In the Philippines a bomb exploded in a commercial district of the southern island of Jolo leaving 2 dead and 13 wounded. The Abu Sayyaf group was blamed.
    (AFP, 3/3/12)
2012        Mar 3, In southern Poland 2 trains running on the same track collided head-on in a shower of sparks, killing 16 people and injuring 58 in the country's worst train disaster in more than 20 years.
    (AP, 3/4/12)
2012        Mar 3, In Russia Maria Alyokhina and Nadezhda Tolokonnikova, two alleged members of Pussy Riot, were arrested by Russian authorities and accused of “hooliganism." belting out an anti-Putin "punk prayer" in front of the church's gilded altar wearing garishly colored balaclavas.
    (AFP, 5/13/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pussy_Riot)
2012        Mar 3, In Somalia a car bomb exploded near a military base housing Burundian soldiers from an African Union peacekeeping force in Mogadishu, killing the driver.
    (AFP, 3/3/12)
2012        Mar 3, Syrian forces renewed their bombardment of rebellious areas of Homs, as the Red Cross vowed to try again to reach thousands of people stranded in a district overrun by regime troops after a monthlong siege. A suicide car bomb exploded in Daraa, killing at least two people and wounding 20. Human Rights Watch said Syrian forces killed some 700 people and wounded thousands in a 27-day bombardment of Homs, with shells sometimes falling at the rate of 100 an hour. 12 civilians, including five children, were killed when a rocket slammed into a crowd of protesters in Rastan.
    (AP, 3/3/12)(AFP, 3/3/12)(AFP, 3/4/12)
2012        Mar 3, Taiwan confirmed that nearly 58,000 chickens had been culled at two farms on the island following the latest outbreak of bird flu, most of them at a farm in central Changhua county. The next day Hsu Tien-lai, the chief of the Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine tendered his resignation. He had been accused in a documentary of covering up outbreaks of H5N2 bird flu, a less virulent strain of the virus.
    (AFP, 3/4/12)
2012        Mar 3, In Uruguay a South Korean fishing vessel caught fire in the Montevideo port. Two bodies were found near the machine room of the Jung Woo 3 as firefighters continued to extinguish the fire.
    (AP, 3/5/12)
2012        Mar 3, In Yemen 2 suicide bombers killed a government soldier as they blew up a vehicle at an elite Republican Guard camp in Bayda. At least 16 soldiers were wounded in clashes with Al-Qaeda militants in Zinjibar.
    (AFP, 3/3/12)

2013        Mar 3, In Afghan insurgents attacked a supply convoy and killed one soldier in Badakhshan province. 23 other soldiers were captured. 6 of the soldiers were released following negotiations, but 16 others were executed.
    (SFC, 3/7/13, p.A4)
2013        Mar 3, Bangladesh authorities deployed soldiers in a northern district after Islamic party activists clashed with police, leaving five people dead during a nationwide general strike called to denounce war crimes trials.
    (AP, 3/3/13)
2013        Mar 3, The Congolese military said it has given control of two key eastern towns back to the M23 rebel group to avoid jeopardizing the ongoing peace process.
    (AP, 3/3/13)
2013        Mar 3, In Cairo, Egypt, US Secretary of State John Kerry rewarded Egypt for President Mohammed Morsi's pledges of political and economic reforms by releasing $250 million in American aid to support the country's "future as a democracy."
    (AP, 3/3/13)
2013        Mar 3, In Port Said, Egypt, fighting throughout the day killed two policemen and three civilians as protesters pelted police forces with rocks and fire bombs and the force responded with tear gas, and birdshots.
    (AP, 3/4/13)
2013        Mar 3, Iran's nuclear chief said his country has produced more than 3,000 advanced centrifuges which are used to enrich uranium.
    (AP, 3/3/13)
2013        Mar 3, In central Iraq 3 separate attacks in Shiite-dominated areas killed at least four people and wounded 14.
    (AP, 3/3/13)
2013        Mar 3, In northern Japan heavy snow over the weekend killed eight people on Hokkaido island, including a family whose car became buried.
    (AP, 3/4/13)
2013        Mar 3, Mexico's ruling party changed its platform to allow for private investment in the oil industry, paving the way for a possible overhaul of a state-owned company that is seen as a pillar of the nation.
    (AP, 3/3/13)
2013        Mar 3, In Mexico gunmen killed journalist Jaime Gonzalez (38) in Ojinaga, a border town across from Texas. He was founder and director of Ojinaga Noticias, a website mostly dedicated to community news.
    (SFC, 3/5/13, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/a7n6qgf)
2013        Mar 3, In northern Nigeria fighters linked to the radical Islamic terrorist network Boko Haram attacked a military base, killing at least 20 people in Monguno. A military spokesman said that 20 "Boko Haram terrorists" were killed, without acknowledging that at least one civilian had been killed.
    (AP, 3/3/13)
2013        Mar 3, In Pakistan a bomb blast killed 48 people, including many women and children outside a Shiite mosque in Karachi.
    (AP, 3/3/13)(AP, 3/4/13)(SSFC, 2/10/13, p.A4)
2013        Mar 3, The West Bank Palestinian finance minister Nabil Qassis announced his resignation in a show of frustration over the government's widening budget deficit. Qassis told reporters that the Palestinian Authority's 2013 budget deficit is expected to reach $1.4 billion.
    (AP, 3/3/13)
2013        Mar 3, Russian authorities said six teenagers are trapped in an avalanche in the region of Tuva in southern Siberia.
    (AP, 3/3/13)
2013        Mar 3, Scottish Cardinal Keith O’Brien acknowledged having engaged in unspecified sexual misbehavior, apologized for his actions a d recused himself from the conclave to select a new pope.
    (SFC, 3/4/13, p.A3)
2013        Mar 3, In Senegal 9 children, aged 7-12, died in a fire in a Quranic school.
    (AP, 3/5/13)
2013        Mar 3, Syrian activists said more than 200 Syrian soldiers and opposition fighters have died in the eight-day battle for a police academy near Aleppo. Rebels stormed a central prison in the northern city of Raqqa and captured a border crossing in the east along Syria's border with Iraq. Opposition fighters killed 115 police and wounded another 50 in a battle over the police academy.
    (AP, 3/3/13)(AP, 3/4/13)
2013        Mar 3, Swiss citizens voted on a plan, the “Rip-Off Initiative," to boost shareholders’ authority over executive pay. 68% voted in favor. The plan became effective in 2015.
    (SFC, 3/4/13, p.A2)(Econ, 3/9/13, p.64)(Econ., 2/21/15, p.65)
2013        Mar 3, Thailand's PM Yingluck Shinawatra  vowed for the first time to work toward ending her country's trade in ivory, but gave no timeline for implementing a ban. Conservationists warned that the unprecedented slaughter of elephants in Africa would continue until she does.
    (AP, 3/3/13)
2013        Mar 3, In Venezuela hundreds of protesters took to the streets of Caracas demanding the government provide details about the health of Pres. Hugo Chavez.
    (SFC, 3/4/13, p.A2)
2013        Mar 3, In Venezuela Sabino Romero, a leader of the Yukpa tribe, was fatally shot along a highway in the western state of Zulia.
    (AP, 3/4/13)

2014        Mar 3, In Michigan Raulie Casteel was sentenced to 18-40 years in prison for shooting at two dozen vehicles on a busy southeastern highway.
    (SFC, 3/4/14, p.A5)
2014        Mar 3, The US Supreme Court refused to hear a final appeal against the expulsion of Uwe Romeike, his wife and their seven children, from Morristown, Tenn. They had lived their since fleeing Baden-Wurttemberg in 2008, where it was against the law to home-school their children.
    (Econ, 4/5/14, p.29)
2014        Mar 3, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb destroyed a police vehicle in Uruzgan province, killing 5 policemen and wounding one.
    (AP, 3/3/14)
2014        Mar 3, In Bahrain an explosion that went off while policemen were dispersing demonstrators killed three police personnel. 25 people were arrested over the next 24 hours on suspicion of involvement.
    (Reuters, 3/3/14)(SFC, 3/5/14, p.A2)
2014        Mar 3, In Indian-controlled Kashmir suspected rebels ambushed a police vehicle and killed two officers outside a court in Pulwama town.
    (AP, 3/3/14)
2014        Mar 3, In Iraq violence killed at least 10 people. Sabah Noori, spokesman for Iraq's Counter-Terrorism Service, said its forces had killed 52 jihadist militants in fighting over the last 24 hours in Ramadi.
    (AFP, 3/3/14)
2014        Mar 3, Libya's parliament moved into a five-star Tripoli hotel, a day after rioters armed with knives and guns stormed the legislature building, torching furniture, killing a guard and wounding six lawmakers in the latest episode of turmoil in the country.
    (AP, 3/3/14)
2014        Mar 3, In northern Nigeria suspected Islamic militants killed 3 policemen in Katsina. The police were killed while pursuing four gunmen on motorcycles who had attacked a checkpoint.
    (SFC, 3/4/14, p.A2)
2014        Mar 3, In Pakistan gunmen burst into a court in a busy shopping area in the heart of Islamabad, killing at least 11 people in a suicide-bomb and gun attack likely to shatter any prospect of meaningful peace talks with Taliban insurgents.
    (Reuters, 3/3/14)
2014        Mar 3, In the southern Philippines gunmen abducted two children, their nanny and a driver while on the way to school in a region notorious for ransom kidnappings by Islamic militants.
    (AP, 3/3/14)
2014        Mar 3, Romania's ethnic Hungarian opposition party UDMR voted to join the leftist government of PM Victor Ponta, and will be given the environment and culture ministry portfolios.
    (Reuters, 3/3/14)
2014        Mar 3, Syrian troops seized control of a village near the strategic rebel bastion of Yabroud as they pushed closer to the town. Food deliveries to thousands of people living in a blockaded area in southern Damascus ground to a halt after a truce collapsed and clashes broke out between rebels and forces loyal to the government. Fighting in and around Yabroud killed dozens of people, including about 17 rebels, 15 government and allied militia fighters and at least 4 Hezbollah fighters.
    (AFP, 3/3/14)(AP, 3/3/14)(Reuters, 3/4/14)
2014        Mar 3, Uganda said it will send about 400 extra troops to Somalia to protect UN personnel in Mogadishu.
    (Reuters, 3/3/14)
2014        Mar 3, In Ukraine pro-Russian demonstrators occupied the first floor of the regional government building in Donetsk, the latest in days of rallies that Kiev says are organized by Moscow as a pretext to invade. Interfax news agency quoted a source in the Ukrainian Defense Ministry as saying Russia's Black Sea Fleet has told Ukrainian forces in Crimea to surrender by 5 a.m. on March 4 or face a military assault. The OSCE said it will start deploying in Ukraine late today, but Russian objections mean the body has yet to agree on a full-scale mission. The UN said 16,000 Russians have been deployed in Crimea.
    (Reuters, 3/3/14)(AFP, 3/3/14)(SFC, 3/4/14, p.A2)
2014        Mar 3, In Ukraine Reshat Ametov, a Tatar construction worker and father of three, was seized by unidentified men after taking part in a pro-Ukraine rally in Crimea. His body, bearing signs of torture was found on March 16.
    (Econ, 3/22/14, p.23)
2014        Mar 3, The United Arab Emirates' top court in Abu Dhabi convicted Qatari Dr. Mahmoud al-Jaidah and sentenced him to seven years behind bars on charges linked to cooperating with an illegal clandestine organization that aimed to overthrow the government.
    (AP, 3/3/14)
2014        Mar 3, The UN Environmental Program marked its first ever World Wildlife Day to raise awareness about an illicit global trade in illegal timber, elephant ivory and rhino horns worth an estimated $19 billion.
    (AP, 3/3/14)
2014        Mar 3, The United Nations' highest court banned Australia from making any use of documents it seized from a lawyer working for East Timor in an arbitration case over a multibillion-dollar oil and gas deal between the two nations.
    (AP, 3/3/14)
2014        Mar 3, The African Union-UN Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) said arson and looting by militia has displaced about 20,000 people in Darfur.
    (AFP, 3/3/14)
2014        Mar 3, In southern Yemen assailants killed 5 soldiers in an ambush in Shabwa province.
    (AFP, 3/3/14)

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