Today in History - March 4

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561        Mar 4, Pelagius I, Italian Catholic Pope (556-61), died.
    (PTA, 1980, p.120)

1152        Mar 4, Frederick Barbarossa was chosen as emperor and united the two factions, which emerged in Germany after the death of Henry V.
    (HN, 3/4/99)

1172        Mar 4, Stephan III, King of Hungary (1162-72), died.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1193        Mar 4, Saladin [Salah ed-Din]) Yusuf ibn Ayyub (52), Kurdish sultan of Egypt and Syria (1175-1193), died. Saladin led the Muslims against the Crusaders. He had reimposed Sunni orthodoxy in Egypt after routing the Fatimids, a dynasty of Ismaili Shias which had ruled for two centuries.
    (SSFC, 9/29/02, p.M6) (PC, 1992, p.100)(AP, 3/4/04)(Econ, 5/4/13, p.52)

1386          Mar 4, Jogaila was crowned King of Poland.
    (LHC, 3/4/03)

1394        Mar 4, Prince Henry the Navigator, sponsor of Portuguese voyages of discovery, was born.
    (HN, 3/4/98)

1461        Mar 4, Henry VI was deposed and the Duke of York was proclaimed King as Edward IV and continued as King of England until 3 October 1470.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_IV_of_England)

1484          Mar 4, Casimir (Kazimierz), the son of Lithuania's Grand Duke Casimir, died in Grodno at age 25. In 1602 he was declared a saint and protector of Lithuania. St. Casimir was born Oct 3,1458, in Cracow.
    (LHC, 3/4/03)

1540        Mar 4, Protestant count Philip of Hessen married his 2nd wife.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1562         Mar 4,The Archdiocese of Riga was attached to Lithuania.
    (LHC, 3/4/03)

1570        Mar 4, Spain’s King Philip II banned foreign Dutch students.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1590        Mar 4, Mauritius of Nassau's ship reached Breda, Netherlands.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1595        Mar 4, Robert Southwell, English poet, was hanged for becoming a Catholic priest.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1611        Mar 4, George Abbot was appointed archbishop of Canterbury.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1621        Mar 4, Jakarta, Java, was renamed Batavia.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1634        Mar 4, Samuel Cole opened the first tavern in Boston, Massachusetts.
    (HN, 3/4/99)

1665        Mar 4, English King Charles II declared war on Netherlands.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1675        Mar 4, John Flamsteed was appointed 1st Astronomer Royal of England.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1678        Mar 4, Antonio Vivaldi (d.1741), Italian Baroque composer (4 Seasons) and violinist, was born in Venice. [see 1675]
    (HN, 3/4/01)(SC, 3/4/02)

1681        Mar 4, England's King Charles II granted a charter to William Penn (37) for 48,000 square miles that later became Pennsylvania. Penn’s father had bequeathed him a claim of £15,000 against the king. Penn later laid out the city of Philadelphia as a gridiron about 2 miles long, east to west, and a mile wide.
    (PCh, 1992, p.259)(AP, 3/4/98)(SFEC, 8/16/98, p.T1)

1699        Mar 4, Jews were expelled from Lubeck, Germany.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1741        Mar 4, English fleet under Admiral Ogle reached Cartagena, Colombia.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1747        Mar 4, Casimir Pulaski (d.1779), Count, American Revolutionary War General, was born in Poland. Pulaski led troops in some of the bloodiest fighting of the Revolutionary War.
    (HN, 3/4/98)(SC, 3/4/02)

1774        Mar 4, The 1st sighting of the Orion nebula was made by William Herschel.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1782        Mar 4, Johann Wyss, Swiss folklorist, writer (Swiss Family Robinson), was born.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1789        Mar 4, The Constitution of the United States, framed in 1787, went into effect as the first  Federal Congress met in New York City. Lawmakers then adjourned for the lack of a quorum (9 senators, 13 representatives).
    (WUD, 1994, p.314)(AP, 3/4/98)(HN, 3/4/98)(SC, 3/4/02)
1789        Mar 4, Pavel P. Gagarin, Russian monarch, was born.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1791        Mar 4, President Washington called the US Senate into its 1st special session.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1791        Mar 4, Vermont was admitted as the 14th state. It was the first addition to the original 13 colonies.
    (HN, 3/4/98)(AP, 3/4/98)
1791        Mar 4, 1st Jewish member of US Congress, Israel Jacobs (Pennsylvania), took office.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1792        Mar 4, Oranges were introduced to Hawaii.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1793        Mar 4, George Washington was inaugurated as President for the second time. His 2nd inauguration was the shortest with just 133 words. Since George Washington’s second term, Inauguration Day had been March 4 of the year following the election. That custom meant that defeated presidents and congressmen served four months after the election. In 1933, the so-called Lame Duck Amendment to the U.S. Constitution moved the inauguration of newly elected presidents and congressmen closer to Election Day. The 20th Amendment required the terms of the president and vice-president to begin at noon on January 20, while congressional terms begin on January 3.
    (HN, 3/4/98)(HNPD, 3/4/99)(SC, 3/4/02)
1793        Mar 4, French troops conquered Geertruidenberg, Netherlands.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1797        Mar 4, Vice-President John Adams, elected President on December 7, to replace George Washington, was sworn in. Adams soon selected Timothy Pickering as his secretary of state. Pickering extended aid to Haitian slaves in their ongoing revolt against French colonists. This policy was reversed under Jefferson.
    (HN, 3/4/99)(SSFC, 11/2/03, p.M6)

1798        Mar 4, Catholic women were force to do penance for kindling a Sabbath fire for Jews.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1801        Mar 4, Thomas Jefferson was the first President to be inaugurated in Washington, D.C.
    (HN, 3/4/98)

1805        Mar 4, Pres. Thomas Jefferson delivered his 2nd inaugural address.
    (http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761570282_10/thomas_jefferson.html)

1809        Mar 4, Madison became 1st President inaugurated in American-made clothes.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1813        Mar 4, The Russians fighting against Napoleon reached Berlin. The French garrison evacuated the city without a fight.
    (HN, 3/4/99)

1825        Mar 4, John Quincy Adams was inaugurated as 6th President.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1826        Mar 4, The Granite Railway in Quincy, MA, became the 1st US RR to be chartered.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1829        Mar 4, An unruly crowd mobbed the White House during the inaugural reception for President Jackson, the 7th US President. The event was later depicted by artist Louis S. Glanzman in his painting “Andrew Jackson’s Inauguration" (1970).
    (AP, 3/4/98)(WSJ, 1/17/09, p.W5)

1830        Mar 4, V. Bellini's opera "I Capuleti e i Montecchi" premiered in Venice.
    (WSJ, 11/10/98, p.A20)(SC, 3/4/02)

1831        Mar 4, Georg Michael Telemann (82), composer, died.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1832        Mar 4, Jean Francois Champollion (b.1790), French scholar, died. His work included the 2-volume book “Egypt Under the Pharaohs" (1814) and a translation of the hieroglyphics of the Rosetta Stone, completed in 1822.
    (ON, 8/10, p.7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Fran%C3%A7ois_Champollion)

1835        Mar 4, HMS Beagle moved into Bay of Concepcion.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1837        Mar 4, Martin Van Buren was inaugurated as 8th President.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1837        Mar 4, When Pres. Jackson left office there followed a financial crash and a bitter depression and the government was again forced to borrow money. Pres. Jackson had returned surplus government funds to the state governments as bonuses.
    (WSJ, 2/6/97, p.C18)(WSJ, 6/26/00, p.A1)
1837        Mar 4, The Illinois state legislature granted a city charter to Chicago.
    (AP, 3/4/99)
1837        Mar 4, Weekly Advocate changed its name to the Colored American.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1841        Mar 4, Dion Boucicault's "London Assurance" premiered in London.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1841        Mar 4, Longest presidential inauguration speech (8,443 words) to date was made by William Henry Harrison.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1845        Mar 4, James K. Polk was inaugurated as 11th President.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1848        Mar 4, Sardinia-Piemonte got a new Constitution.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1849        Mar 4, The US had no President. Pres. James K. Polk officially stepped down as the 11th US president and President Zachary Taylor refused to be sworn-in on a Sunday. US Sen. Some say David Rice Atchison (1807-1886) of Missouri then technically held office as president until Zachary Taylor took his oath the next day. However Atchison’s term as president pro tempore of the Senate had also expired, and his new term did not begin until March 5.
    (AH, 2/03, p.18)

1852        Mar 4, Lady (Isabella Augusta) Gregory, Irish playwright, was born. She helped found the Abbey Theatre.
    (HN, 3/4/01)
1852        Mar 4, Nikolai Gogol, Russian writer (b.1809), died (NS) [see Feb 21].
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikolai_Gogol)

1853        Mar 4, Pope Pius IX recovered Catholic hierarchy in Netherlands.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1853        Mar 4, William Rufus de Vane King (D) was sworn in as 13th US Vice President.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1858        Mar 4, Sen. James Henry Hammond, D-S.C., declared, "Cotton is king" in a speech to the US Senate.
    (AP, 3/4/08)
1858        Mar 4, Matthew Calbraith Perry (63), the American naval officer who'd opened trade relations between the US and Japan, died in New York.
    (AP, 3/4/08)

1861        Mar 4, Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated president.
    (AP, 3/4/99)
1861        Mar 4, The US Government Printing Office, created by Congressional Joint Resolution 25 of June 23, 1860, began operations.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Government_Printing_Office)
1861        Mar 4, Confederate States adopted the "Stars and Bars" flag.
    (HN, 3/4/98)

1863        Mar 4, Battle of Thompson's Station, Tennessee.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1865        Mar 4, President Lincoln was inaugurated for his 2nd term as President. It was held at the Patent Office, the site of a military hospital. Four companies of African-American troops and lodges of African-American Masons and African-American Odd-Fellows joined the procession to the Capitol.
    (WSJ, 2/12/04, p.D12)(SSFC, 1/20/13, Par p.4)
1865        Mar 4, Confederate congress approved the final design of "official flag."
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1869        Mar 4, Ulysses S. Grant was sworn in as the 18th president of the US.
    (ON, 9/01, p.7)

1873        Mar 4, Pres. Ulysses S. Grant accepted the oath of office, administered by Chief Justice Salmon Chase, for his 2nd term. At the inauguration ceremony 150 canaries, whose chirping was to amuse guests, froze to death in their cages.
    (SFC, 1/20/09, p.A7)(www.bartleby.com/124/pres34.html)
1873        Mar 4, New York Daily Graphic, 1st illustrated daily newspaper in US, was published.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1876        Mar 4, US Congress decided to impeach Secretary of War (under Ulysses S. Grant) William Worth Belknap (1829-1890) of malfeasance in office for accepting over $24,000 in bribes from a post trader seeking immunity from removal. It is not clear whether he was aware of the arrangement or whether his wife had made the bargain and accepted the payoffs. Nevertheless, he was impeached by a unanimous vote of the United States Senate, though at his formal trial the Senate fell short of the number of votes required to convict. By then he had resigned, which doubtless accounted for his acquittal. He died in Washington, D.C. on October 13,1890 and was buried in Section 1 of Arlington National Cemetery.
    (SC, 3/4/02)(www.arlingtoncemetery.net/wwbelkna.htm)

1877        Mar 4, The Russian Imperial Ballet staged the first performance of Tchaikovsky’s incomplete ballet "Zwanenmeer" (Swan Lake) in Moscow.
    (WSJ, 5/18/99, p.A24)(HN, 3/4/01)(SC, 3/4/02)

1880        Mar 4, NY Daily Graphic published 1st half-tone engraving made by S.H. Horgan.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1881        Mar 4, Fiction’s Sherlock Holmes and Watson began "A Study in Scarlet", their 1st case together.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1881        Mar 4, James A. Garfield was inaugurated as 20th President.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1881        Mar 4, California became the 1st state to pass plant quarantine legislation.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1881        Mar 4, South African President Kruger accepted a cease-fire with the British in the First Boer War (1880-1881 – aka Transvaal Revolt). [see Mar 23]
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1883        Mar 4, John Gordon Cashmans began "Vicksburg Evening Post" in Mississippi.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1883        Mar 4, Alexander H. Stephens (71), Vice President Confederate States, died.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1885        Mar 4, Grover Cleveland was inaugurated as 1st Democratic President since Civil War.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1887        Mar 4, William Randolph Hearst (23) became "Proprietor" of the SF Examiner newspaper.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)

1888        Mar 4, Knute Rockne, Norwegian-US football player, coach for Notre Dame, was born.
    (HN, 3/4/98)(SC, 3/4/02)

1889        Mar 4, Benjamin Harrison was inaugurated as 23rd President.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1893        Mar 4, Grover Cleveland (D) was inaugurated as 24th US President (2nd term).
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1893        Mar 4, Francis Dhanis' army attacked the Lualaba and occupied Nyangwe (Congo).
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1894        Mar 4, There was a great fire in Shanghai; over 1,000 buildings were destroyed.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1895        Mar 4, Gustav Mahler's 2nd Symphony, premiered in Berlin.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1897        Mar 4, Lefty O’Doul (d.1969), baseball star, was born in SF in the old Butchertown neighborhood south of Market. He played for the SF Seals, and spent 11 years in the major leagues with the Phillies, Dodgers, Yankees and Giants before returning to manage the Seals and the Pacific Coast League. He was the National League batting champ in 1929 with the Phillies and again in 1932 with the Brooklyn Dodgers.
    (SFC, 3/5/96, p.C1)(SFC, 7/18/97, p.A9)
1897        Mar 4, William McKinley was sworn in as the 25th president.
    (AP, 3/4/98)

1901        Mar 4, Charles Goren, world expert on the game of bridge, was born.
    (HN, 3/4/01)
1901        Mar 4, 1st advanced copy of an inaugural speech was published by the Jefferson-National Intelligencer.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1901        Mar 4, William McKinley was inaugurated president for the second time. Theodore Roosevelt was inaugurated as vice president. The team ran on the issue of keeping the Philippines as a colony.
    (HN, 3/4/99)
1901        Mar 4, Term of George H. White, last of post-Reconstruction congressmen, ended.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1902        Mar 4, The American Automobile Association was founded in Chicago.
    (AP, 3/4/98)(HN, 3/4/98)

1904        Mar 4, George Gamow, nuclear physicist, cosmologist, writer (1, 2, 3...'infinity'), was born.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1904        Mar 4, Ding Ling, Chinese writer and women's rights activist, was born.
    (HN, 3/4/01)
1904        Mar 4, Russian troops began to retreat toward the Manchurian border as 100,000 Japanese advanced in Korea.
    (HN, 3/4/98)

1905        Mar 4, The inauguration of Theodore Roosevelt.
     http://condor.stcloudstate.edu/~brixr01/theTIMEMACHINE.html
1905        Mar 4, Gerhart Hauptmann's "Elga" premiered in Berlin.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1906        Mar 4, John McAllister Schofield, a Union general in the Civil War and onetime commanding general of the army, died in St. Augustine, Fla., at age 74.
    (AP, 3/4/06)

1908        Mar 4, The New York board of education banned the act of whipping students in school.
    (HN, 3/4/98)
1908        Mar 4, A fire at Lake View School in Collinwood, Ohio, claimed the lives of 172 children and three adults.
    (AP, 3/4/08)

1909        Mar 4, Harry Helmsley (d.1997), billionaire New York landlord (Empire State Building), was born in NYC.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Helmsley)(http://tinyurl.com/ropqy)
1909        Mar 4, President Taft was inaugurated as 27th President during a 10" snowstorm.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1909        Mar 4, US prohibited the interstate transportation of game birds.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1911        Mar 4, Victor Berger of Wisconsin became the 1st socialist congressman in US.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1912        Mar 4, The French council of war unanimously voted a mandatory three-year military service.
    (HN, 3/4/98)

1913        Mar 4, Gabriel Fauré's opera "Penelope" premiered in Monte Carlo.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1913        Mar 4, Woodrow Wilson was inaugurated as 28th President.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1913        Mar 4, Department of Commerce & Labor was split into separate departments.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1913        Mar 4, 1st US law regulating the shooting of migratory birds was passed.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1914        Mar 4, Doctor Fillatre of Paris, France successfully separated Siamese twins.
    (HN, 3/4/98)

1915        Mar 4, Petrus de Jong, Dutch premier (KVP, 1967-71), was born.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1917        Mar 4, Republican Jeanette Rankin of Montana took her seat as the first woman elected to the House of Representatives.
    (AP, 3/4/98)

1918        Mar 4, Terek Autonomous Republic was established in RSFSR (until 1921).
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1919        Mar 4, Czech Legions shot and killed some 50 German demonstrators, including women and children, in Sudetenland.
    (http://tinyurl.com/856hg)

1920        Mar 4, Last day of Julian civil calendar in Greece.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1921        Mar 4, Warren G. Harding was sworn in as America’s 29th President. By the time Pres. Woodrow Wilson left office, the top tax rate was 77%.
    (HN, 3/4/98)(WSJ, 9/25/02, p.D8)
1921        Mar 4, Hot Springs National Park was created in Arkansas.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1922        Mar 4, Bert Williams (b.1874), Antigua-born black actor, mime and singer, died after collapsing onstage in Detroit. In 2005 Caryl Phillips authored “Dancing in the Dark," a novel based on Bert Williams. His recordings included “Nobody."
    (www.duboislc.org/ShadesOfBlack/BertWms.html)(SFC, 2/11/08, p.E1)

1923        Mar 4, Lenin's last article in Pravda (about Red bureaucracy) was published.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1924        Mar 4, "Happy Birthday To You" was published by Claydon Sunny.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1925        Mar 4, President Calvin Coolidge's inauguration was broadcast live on 21 radio stations coast-to-coast.
    (AP, 3/4/99)
1925        Mar 4, Swain's Island (near American Samoa) was annexed by US.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1926        Mar 4, De Geer government in Netherlands took office.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1928        Mar 4, Alan Sillitoe, novelist (Saturday Night and Sunday Morning, The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner), was born.
    (HN, 3/4/01)
1928        Mar 4, The Transcontinental Footrace began and 55 men ran from Los Angeles to New York in 81 days. Andrew Payne of Oklahoma won the “Bunyon Derby."
    (SSFC, 11/10/02, p.M4)(PBS-TV, 11/24/02)

1929        Mar 4, Herbert Hoover, trained in California as an engineer, was inaugurated as the 31st US President. Engineers in SF asserted: "the engineer dominates the 20th century."
    (SFC, 2/05/04, p.E8)
1929        Mar 4, Charles Curtis (R-Kansas) became 1st native American Vice President.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1930        Mar 4, Coolidge Dam in Arizona was dedicated.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1932        Mar 4, The Pecora Investigation began. It was an inquiry by the United States Senate Committee on Banking and Currency to investigate the causes of the Wall Street Crash of 1929. The name refers to the fourth and final chief counsel for the investigation, Ferdinand Pecora, chief lawyer on the Senate Banking Committee from 1933-1934. In 2010 Michael Perino authored “The Hellhound of Wall Street: How Ferdinand Pecora’s Investigation of the Great Crash Forever Changed American Finance."
    (Econ, 1/9/10, p.33)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pecora_Commission)(Econ, 11/13/10, p.103)
1932        Mar 4, Miriam Makeba, singer (Grammy 1965), was born in Johannesburg, South Africa.
    (HN, 3/4/01)(SC, 3/4/02)

1933        Mar 4, Henderson, DeSylva and Brown's "Strike Me Pink" premiered in NYC.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1933        Mar 4, Franklin D. Roosevelt was inaugurated to his first term as president in Washington, D.C. He pledged to lead the country out of the Great Depression: "We have nothing to fear but fear itself." The start of President Roosevelt's first administration brought with it the first woman to serve in the Cabinet: Labor Secretary Frances Perkins. He chose Homer Cummings as his attorney general. Cummings served 5 years and 10 months. Herbert Hoover was denied the courtesy of Secret Service protection traditionally accorded an outgoing president.
    (AP, 3/4/98)(HN, 3/4/98)(SFC, 1/11/99, p.A5)(HNQ, 1/16/01)(SC, 3/4/02)
1933        Mar 4, The US Federal Reserve refused to lend and shut its doors. NYC bankers had turned to the Federal Reserve for funds as failing inland state banks called in inter-bank deposits.
    (Econ, 4/12/14, p.54)
1933        Mar 4, Chancellor Dollfuss dissolved the Austrian parliament.
    (www.ad2000.com.au/articles/2005/mar2005p17_1890.html)

1936        Mar 4, The 1st test flight of airship Hindenburg was made in Germany.
    (www.airships.net/hindenburg)

1939        Mar 4, Laurence Steinhardt was named as the U.S. ambassador to the USSR
    (HN, 3/4/98)

1941        Mar 4, 18 Geuzen resistance fighters were sentenced to death in The Hague.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1941        Mar 4, Serbian Prince Paul visited Hitler.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1943        Mar 4, Transport Number 50 departed with French Jews to Majdanek and Sobibor.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1944        Mar 4, The U.S. declared the non-recognition of Argentina because of their collaboration with the Axis.
    (HN, 3/4/98)
1944        Mar 4, Louis Buchalter, aka Lepke, was executed at Sing Sing along with Mendy Weiss. Lepke and fellow gangsters had dispatched Weiss in 1935 to kill Dutch Schultz, who had planned to kill NYC prosecutor Thomas E. Dewey.
    (AH, 12/02, p.4)
1944        Mar 4, A squadron of American B-17 bombers hit Berlin for the first time during daylight hours. Col. H. Griffin Mumford (d.2007) led a group 4-engine Flying Fortresses over Berlin.
    (SFC, 7/20/07, p.B12)(www.100thbg.com/mainmenus/history/historysummary_home.htm)
1944        Mar 4, Anti-German strikes took place in North Italy.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1947        Mar 4, France and Britain signed an alliance treaty.
    (HN, 3/4/98)

1948        Mar 4, Antonin Artaud (51), French poet, actor (Napoleon), died.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1949        Mar 4, In the USSR foreign minister V.M. Molotov was replaced by A. Vishinsky and Minister of Defense Marshal N.A. Bulganin was replaced by Marshal A.M. Vassilievsky. Molotov and Bulganin continued as members of the politburo.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1197)(TOH, 1982, p.1949)
1949        Mar 4, Security Council of UN recommended membership for Israel.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1951        Mar 4, The US Treasury and Federal Reserve announced an accord. The agreement restored independence to the Federal Reserve. In 2001 Martin Mayer authored "The Fed: The Inside Story of How the World’s Most Powerful Financial Institution Drives the Markets."
    (WS, 6/27/01, p.A14)(http://tinyurl.com/2exjk8f)

1952        Mar 4, Ronald Reagan and Nancy Davis were married in the San Fernando Valley, north of Los Angeles.
    (AP, 3/4/98)
1952        Mar 4, North Korea accused the U.N. of using germ warfare.
    (HN, 3/4/98)

1954        Mar 4, JE Wilkins was appointed 1st Black US sub-cabinet member.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1954        Mar 4, In Bulgaria Communist ruler Todor Zhivkov began a 35-year dictatorship.  During his rule he authorized a forced assimilation drive against the 1 million ethnic Turks. Over 100 were killed and some 310,000 forcibly expelled.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Todor_Zhivkov)(SFC, 8/7/98, p.D3)

1955        Mar 4, 1st radio facsimile transmission (fax) was sent across the continent.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1959        Mar 4, US Pioneer IV missed the Moon and became a 2nd (US 1st) artificial planet.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1960        Mar 4, Lucille Ball filed for divorce from Desi Arnaz.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1960        Mar 4, In Cuba Alberto Korda took a photo of Che Guevara at a rally where Castro blamed the US for the cargo ship disaster of the previous day. The photo later became famous as a poster of Che and symbol for the Cuban revolution.
    (USAT, 10/8/97, p.8A)

1961        Mar 4, Paul-Henri Spaak resigned as Secretary-General of NATO.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1962        Mar 4, AEC announced 1st atomic power plant in Antarctica in operation.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1963        Mar 4, William Carlos Williams (b.1883), American physician and poet, died in Rutherford, NJ. In 2011 Herbert Leibowitz authored “Something Urgent I Have to Say to You": The Life and Works of William Carlos Williams.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Carlos_Williams)(Econ, 12/31/11, p.68)
1963        Mar 4, Six people got the death sentence in Paris plotting to kill de Gaulle.
    (HN, 3/4/98)

1964        Mar 4, Jimmy Hoffa was convicted of jury tampering.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1965        Mar 4, David Attenborough became the new controller of BBC2.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1966        Mar 4, John Lennon said: "We (Beatles) are more popular than Jesus." Radio stations in the Netherlands and in Spain quickly banned the playing of Beatle records as did the South African Broadcasting Corporation, stating that "The Beatles' arrogance has passed the ultimate limit of decency. It is clowning no longer."
    (www.beatles.ws/1966.htm)
1966        Mar 4, North Sea Gas was 1st pumped ashore by BP.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1966        Mar 4, Canadian Pacific airliner exploded on landing in Tokyo and 64 died.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1968        Mar 4, Martin Luther King Jr. announced plans for Poor People's Campaign. In late March and early April 1968, Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. devoted his organizing talents to a drive to bring the nation's poor people to Washington, D.C. for a series of massive nonviolent demonstrations. King's "Poor People's Campaign" would attempt to unify African Americans, Latinos, and lower-income whites in pressing the Johnson Administration and Congress in an election year to enact a $30 billion-a-year domestic "Marshall Plan" to alleviate poverty.
    (SC, 3/4/02)(http://hnn.us/articles/49016.html)
1968        Mar 4, NASA launched its Orbiting Geophysical Observatory 5.
    (http://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/heasarc/missions/ogo.html)

1970        Mar 4, The French submarine Eurydice exploded and sank in the Mediterranean off Cape Camarat killing all 57 of its  crew.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurydice_(S644))

1971        Mar 4, Five Turkish militants kidnapped 4 US military men at Ankara, Turkey. The kidnappers released the four airmen unharmed on March 8, and were subsequently arrested, tried and convicted. Three were hanged, one was imprisoned, and one was killed in a gunfight with Turkish authorities.
    (www.prophetofdoom.net/Islamic_Terrorism_Timeline_1971.Islam)
1971        Mar 4, Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau (52) married Margaret Sinclair (22) in North Vancouver, B.C. They later divorced.
    (AP, 3/4/99)(SFC, 9/29/00, p.D7)

1972        Mar 4, Libya and USSR signed a cooperation treaty.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1973        Mar 4, Khalid Duhham Al-Jawary (b.1947), and possibly others readied cars with bombs in anticipation of Israeli PM Golda Meir's visit to NYC. The bombs failed to detonate and were discovered after two cars on Fifth Avenue were towed. The FBI learned about a third car at JFK and notified police. In 1979 Border police stopped Al-Jawary's car as he and another man tried to cross into Germany from Austria. In the trunk of the car, police found 88 pounds of high explosives, electronic timing-delay devices and detonators hidden in a suitcase. They also unearthed cash and nine passports inside a portable radio that could be used to monitor transmissions from ships, airplanes or the police. Germany released Al-Jawary long before the FBI knew that he had been taken into custody. In 1991 he was detained in Rome and picked up by the FBI. In 1993 a jury convict Al-Jawary, just days after the first attack on the World Trade Center, based on evidence that included his fingerprints on one of the NYC bombs. In 2009 Al-Jawary was deported to Sudan after completing only about half his term, including time served prior to his sentencing and credit for good behavior.
    (AP, 1/25/09)(SFC, 2/27/09, p.A5)(WSJ, 3/5/09, p.A6)

1974        Mar 4, The first issue of People Magazine was dated March 4.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/People_(magazine))
1974        Mar 4, The play "Knuckle" by David Hare (b.1947) premiered in London.
    (www.lib.utexas.edu/taro/uthrc/00052/hrc-00052.html)(SC, 3/4/02)
1974        Mar 4, Harold Wilson, head of the Labor Party, replaced resigning Edward Heath as British premier. Wilson called elections for October and the Labor Party defeated the Conservatives, after which Margaret Thatcher replaced Heath as party leader (1975).
    (SC, 3/4/02)(SFC, 7/18/05, p.B6)

1975        Mar 4, Charlie Chaplin (1889-1977), British-born American film comedian, was knighted by Queen Elizabeth.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlie_Chaplin)

1976        Mar 4, Pan Am was the first airline charged with criminal negligence in a crash.
    (HN, 3/4/98)

1977        Mar 4, A 7.4 earthquake in Romania killed about 1,570 people and was felt across southern and eastern Europe.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1977_Bucharest_Earthquake)(AP, 3/4/98)(SFC, 4/28/99, p.A15)

1978        Mar 4, Chicago Daily News, founded in 1875, published its last issue.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicago_Daily_News)

1979        Mar 4, "Grand Tour" closed at Palace Theater in NYC after 61 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=3913)
1979        Mar 4, The US Voyager I obtained the first image of Jupiter's rings.
    (http://spacephysics.ucr.edu/index.php?content=v25/v4.html)

1980        Mar 4, Robert Mugabe's ZANU-PF won parliamentary election in Zimbabwe. Black nationalist guerrillas led by Robert Mugabe laid down their arms and beat their white-backed opponents at the polls. Rhodesia was renamed Zimbabwe. Martin Meredith later authored "The Past Is Another Country," the story of Rhodesia.
    (WSJ, 9/8/98, p.A1)(SC, 3/4/02)(WSJ, 3/13/02, p.A16)

1981        Mar 4, A jury in Salt Lake City convicted Joseph Paul Franklin, an avowed racist, of violating the civil rights of two black men who were shot to death.
    (AP, 3/4/01)

1982        Mar 4, NASA launched Intelsat V.
    (www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/exploration/main/this_month_march.html)

1985        Mar 4, The EPA ordered a virtual ban on leaded gas.
    (http://www.epa.gov/history/topics/lead/01.htm)
1985        Mar 4, New Zealand floated its currency.
    (http://tvnz.co.nz/view/news_business_story_skin/477448?format=html)

1986        Mar 4, Aleta Carol Bunch (16) was kidnapped, raped and murdered in Augusta, Georgia, by Alexander E. Williams IV (17). Williams was convicted and sentenced to death. In 2000 the state Supreme Court stayed the execution to see if electrocution violated the state constitution. Williams, a chronic paranoid schizophrenic, was kept synthetically sane with forced medication. His execution, set for Feb 20, was stayed on Feb 19. Williams was granted clemency Feb 25 and his sentence was commuted to life in prison.
    (SFC, 8/23/00, p.A7)(SFC, 2/19/02, p.A3)(SFC, 2/20/02, p.A7)(SFC, 2/26/02, p.A5)

1987        Mar 4, President Reagan addressed the nation on the Iran-Contra affair. He took full responsibility for the affair acknowledging his overtures to Iran had "deteriorated" into an arms-for-hostages deal. Michale Ledeen, Pentagon employee, later authored "Perilous Statecraft: An Insider's Account of the Iran-Contra Affair."
    (AP, 3/4/98)(HN, 3/4/98)(SFC, 5/14/03, p.A19)
1987        Mar 4, Jonathon Pollard (b.1954), US naval intelligence analyst convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage, was sentenced to life in prison without parole. He had sought to share US intelligence on Iraqi weapons with Israel and did so when after his superiors disagreed.
    (WSJ, 1/25/96, p.A-16)(WSJ, 1/28/98, p.A18)(www.jonathanpollard.org/2000/010900.htm)

1988        Mar 4, The US Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that the civilian unemployment rate had dropped the previous month to 5.7 percent.
    (AP, 3/4/98)

1989        Mar 4, Time Inc. and Warner Communications Inc. announced a deal valued at $14 million to merge into the world's largest media and entertainment conglomerate. The supreme court of Delaware had judged that Time’s directors could reject a $200-per-share hostile offer from Paramount, forcing shareholders to accept a $138 friendly bid from Warner.
    (AP, 3/4/99)(WSJ, 1/11/00, p.B1)(Econ, 3/11/06, p.69)
1989        Mar 4, Eastern Airlines machinists went on strike and were joined by pilots and flight attendants.
    (AP, 3/4/99)

1990        Mar 4, The 20th Easter Seal Telethon was held.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1990        Mar 4, Atlantis 6, the US 65th manned space mission STS 36, returned from space.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1990        Mar 4, Voters in the Soviet republics of Russia, Byelorussia and the Ukraine participated in local and legislative elections, resulting in notable gains for reformists and nationalists.
    (AP, 3/4/00)

1991        Mar 4, 2:05 p.m., The Army’s 37th Engineer Battalion blew up 33 Iraqi bunkers in the Iraqi desert. The Pentagon later acknowledged that one of the bunkers probably contained shells of sarin, a nerve agent, and mustard gas.
    (SFC, 8/12/96, p.A3)
1991        Mar 4, George W. Bush notified the SEC about his 1990 sale of Harken stock.
    (SSFC, 7/28/02, p.A19)
1991        Mar 4, Iraq released ten allied prisoners-of-war. A second group was freed the following day.
    (AP, 3/4/01)
1991        Mar 4, The Bank of Credit & Commerce International divested itself of 1st American Bank. BCCI was majority owned by the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority (ADIA).
    (SC, 3/4/02)(WSJ, 10/21/05, p.A10)

1992        Mar 4, Another round of Middle East peace negotiations concluded in Washington, D.C., with Israel rejecting a plan for Palestinian elections.
    (AP, 3/4/02)
1992        Mar 4, Arthur Babbitt (84), Disney animator (Mr. Magoo, Goofy), died of heart failure.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1993        Mar 4, "Goodbye Girl" opened at Marquis Theater in NYC for 188 performances.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1993        Mar 4, Authorities announced the arrest of Mohammad Salameh, a suspect in the bombing of the World Trade Center in New York City. Salameh was later convicted of playing a key role.
    (AP, 3/4/98)

1994        Mar 4, US Senate Majority Leader George Mitchell announced he would not seek re-election.
    (AP, 3/4/04)
1994        Mar 4, In Florida Eddie Wayne Davis raped and killed Kimberly Waters (11), the daughter of a woman that he had briefly dated. He threw her body in a commercial trash bin. Davis was convicted in 1995 and executed on July 10, 2014.
    {Florida, USA, Kids, Murder, Rape}
    (http://tinyurl.com/ovr7cod)(SFC, 7/11/14, p.A14)
1994        Mar 4, In New York, four extremists were convicted of the World Trade Center bombing that killed six people and injured more than a thousand.
    (AP, 3/4/99)
1994        Mar 4, The space shuttle STS-62, Columbia 16, blasted off on a two-week mission.
    (AP, 3/4/99)
1994        Mar 4, John Candy (b.1950), Canadian born actor and comedian, died in Durango, Mexico.
    (AP, 3/4/99)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0001006/)
1994        Mar 4, In Egypt machine-gun fire fatally wounded a German woman on a Nile cruise ship at Abu Tig.
    (SFC,11/19/97, p.C2)

1995        Mar 4, President Clinton, in his weekly radio address, said spending cuts proposed by congressional Republicans would gut safe-school and anti-drug programs needed to protect children.
    (AP, 3/4/00)

1996        Mar 4, Jury selection began in Little Rock, Ark., in the trial of President Clinton's Whitewater partners, James and Susan McDougal, and the man who succeeded him as Arkansas governor, Jim Guy Tucker. James McDougal and Tucker were later convicted of fraud and conspiracy; Susan McDougal was convicted of fraud.
    (AP, 3/4/06)
1996        Mar 4, Comedian Minnie Pearl died in Nashville, Tennessee, at age 83.
    (AP, 3/4/01)
1996        Mar 4, In Spain the conservative Popular Party under Jose Maria Aznar won general elections over PM Felipe Gonzalez and ended 13 years of Socialist rule. The national government created an Environment Ministry. Previously the environment was the responsibility of the Public Works Ministry.
    (WSJ, 3/4/96, p. A-1)(SFEC, 4/20/97, p.A17)
1996        Mar 4, A suicide bomber blew himself up outside a Tel Aviv shopping center, killing 13 people in the fourth deadly attack in nine days.
    (WSJ, 3/5/96, p. A-1)(AP, 3/4/01)

1997        Mar 4, Calling creation of life "a miracle that reaches beyond laboratory science," President Clinton barred spending federal money on human cloning.
    (AP, 3/4/98)
1997        Mar 4, President Clinton surveyed tornado destruction in his home state of Arkansas and also declared Ohio and Kentucky disaster areas because of floods.
    (AP, 3/4/98)
1997        Mar 4, Comet Hale-Bopp directly above the Sun (1.04 AU).
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1997        Mar 4, Two Albanian air force pilots diverted their MiG-15 fighter to southern Italy after being ordered to fire on civilians. Tanks were reported in Gjirokastra and in Vlore, the hotel complex owned by Vefa, the biggest investment scheme still officially intact, was destroyed along with 6 factories.
    (SFC, 3/5/97, p.A8)
1997        Mar 4, Brazil Senate allowed women to wear slacks.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1997        Mar 4, In Chile the prison population was reported to be 25,000 people. They were encouraged to participate as employees in a joint government-business program.
    (SFC, 3/4/97, p.A5)
1997        Mar 4, It was announced that the US was providing as much as $20 million in military supplies to Eritrea.
    (WSJ, 3/4/97, p.A14)
1997        Mar 4, Russia launched Zeya Start-1, a test satellite, aboard a modified SS-25 ballistic missile from the new Svobodny cosmodrome in the Amur region of eastern Siberia.
    (WSJ, 3/5/97, p.A1)(SC, 3/4/02)
1997        Mar 4, In Spain the matadors agreed to go back to work but the bull horn issue remained unsettled.
    (SFC, 3/5/97, p.A9)

1998        Mar 4, The Supreme Court ruled that sexual harassment at work can be illegal even when the offender and victim are of the same gender.
    (WSJ, 1/4/98, p.R4)(AP, 3/4/99)
1998        Mar 4, The US House approved a special referendum in Puerto Rico that would allow voters to choose one of 3 options: continued commonwealth status, statehood or independence.
    (SFC, 3/5/98, p.A5)
1998        Mar 4, A judge ordered Miami to hold a new mayoral election, saying widespread absentee-ballot fraud played a role in the victory of Xavier Suarez the previous fall.
    (AP, 3/4/99)

1999        Mar 4, In North Carolina a military jury acquitted Captain Richard J. Ashby of all charges in the 1998 death of 20 people, who died when his jet cut the cable of their ski gondola in the Italian Alps. Italian authorities were outraged,
    (SFC, 3/5/99, p.A1)(AP, 3/4/00)
1999        Mar 4, Manuel Noriega's sentence was reduced from 40 years to 30 by a federal judge in Florida. He would be eligible for parole in 2007.
    (WSJ, 3/5/99, p.A1)
1999        Mar 4, Retired Supreme Court Justice Harry A. Blackmun, who wrote the 1973 decision that legalized abortion nationwide, died in Arlington, Va., at age 90.
    (SFC, 3/5/99, p.A1) (AP, 3/4/00)
1999        Mar 4, In Brazil Arminio Fraga, the new Central Bank president, raised the interest rates to 45%.
    (SFC, 3/5/99, p.D2)
1999        Mar 4, Congo rebels who served under Mobutu Sese Seko took the town of Bolobo, upstream from Kinshasa.
    (SFC, 3/5/99, p.D2)
1999        Mar 4, In Nigeria the outgoing military government freed 47 political prisoners including Gen'l. Oladipo Diya.
    (SFC, 3/5/99, p.D2)
1999        Mar 4, In Russia Pres. Yeltsin ordered Boris Berezovsky to be fired from his job with the Commonwealth of Soviet States.
    (WSJ, 3/5/99, p.A1)
1999        Mar 4, In Turkey a female suicide bomber killed herself and wounded 3 civilians in the town of Batman.
    (SFC, 3/5/99, p.A14)
1999        Mar 4, Ugandan soldiers killed 10 more Rwandan rebels inside Congo for the killing of foreign tourists.
    (SFC, 3/8/99, p.A16)
1999        Mar 4, In Venezuela the bodies of 3 Americans, who were kidnapped Feb 25 in Colombia, were found shot to death. Ingrid Washinawatok (41), Lahe'ena'e Gay (39) and Terence Freitas (24) were coordinating a campaign for the U'wa Indians when they were abducted. Raul Reyes, senior commander of FARC, later said that local commander Gildardo and 3 rebels seized and executed the 3 Americans without authorization. In Dec. German Briceno, a FARC officer, was indicted in absentia on murder charges along with Gustavo Bogota, a member of the U'wa Indian tribe. In 2000 Nelson Vargas was captured in Saravena and identified as the guerrilla commander responsible for the kidnap-slayings. Police later said Gildardo Gomez was the commander suspected in the killings, but still held Vargas on suspicion of rebel membership.
    (SFC, 3/6/99, p.A10)(SFC, 3/11/99, p.A10)(SFC, 12/22/99, p.A18)(SFC, 3/24/00, p.D3)(SFC, 3/27/00, p.A13)

2000        Mar 4, Ahead of Super Tuesday, Republican presidential candidate George W. Bush charged John McCain with “clouded" education views while the Arizona senator asked “Where the outrage?" over a late surge of money to pay for negative TV ads.
    (AP, 3/4/01)
2000        Mar 4, On the AIDS crises it was reported that 1 in every 50 black men in the US was HIV positive. It was also reported that 1 in 300 of all people in the US were HIV positive.
    (SFEC, 3/5/00, Z1 p.1)
2000        Mar 4, In Bangladesh a tornado hit the northwest Natore district and left nearly 3000 people homeless. 50 people were injured.
    (SFC, 3/6/00, p.A12)
2000        Mar 4, In Beijing, China, 2,900 delegates from 32 provinces and regions gathered for the 10-11 day session of the Ninth National People's Congress. During the session Hu Changqing, a former official in Jiangxi province, was scheduled to be executed for taking bribes worth $658,000.
    (SFC, 3/4/00, p.C1)(SFEC, 3/5/00, p.A22)

2001        Mar 4, President George W. Bush dedicated a $4 billion aircraft carrier in honor of former President Reagan. Nancy Reagan christened the ship. It was commissioned in 2003.
    (AP, 3/4/02)(SSFC, 7/13/03, p.A2)
2001        Mar 4, The US Coast Guard found a record 13 (8) tons of cocaine aboard a 152-foot fishing vessel, the Svesda Maru, in a Belize-flagged vessel 1,500 miles south of San Diego. The ship’s crew were from Russia and Ukraine.
    (SFC, 5/15/01, p.A5)(SFC, 5/30/01, p.A10)
2001        Mar 4, An oceanside memorial was held in Hawaii for 9 people from a Japanese fishing boat who were killed when their vessel was accidentally sunk by a U.S. submarine.
    (AP, 3/4/02)
2001        Mar 4, Singer Glenn Hughes, the biker character in the disco band the Village People, died in New York at age 50.
    (AP, 3/4/02)
2001        Mar 4, Former Ohio 4-term Gov. James A. Rhodes died at age 91.
    (SFC, 3/5/01, p.A24)
2001        Mar 4, Harold E. Stassen (93), former Minnesota 3-term Gov. and perennial presidential candidate, died in Bloomington, Minn. In 2013 Alec Kirby, David G. Dalin and Jon F. Rothmann authored “Harold E. Stassen: The Life and Perennial Candidacy of the Progressive Republican."
    (SFC, 3/5/01, p.A24)(AP, 3/4/02)(SSFC, 6/9/13, p.F7)
2001        Mar 4, In England a bomb exploded in London outside the BBC studios. It was the work of the Real IRA and one person was injured.
    (SFC, 3/5/01, p.A12)(WSJ, 3/5/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 4, In Israel a Palestinian suicide bomber killed himself and 3 Israelis in Netanya.
    (SSFC, 3/4/01, p.A27)
2001        Mar 4, Macedonia sealed its border with Kosovo after 3 soldiers were killed in heavy fighting with ethnic Albanian rebels, led by Ali Ahmeti.
    (WSJ, 3/5/01, p.A1)(Econ, 4/14/12, p.62)
2001        Mar 4, In Portugal a bridge over the Douro River near Penafiel collapsed and at least 70 people in a bus and 2 cars plunged into the river and were killed.
    (SFC, 3/5/01, p.A12)(WSJ, 3/5/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/6/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 4, In Saudi Arabia Muslim pilgrims climbed Mount Arafat as some 2 million gathered for the annual hajj to Mecca.
    (WSJ, 3/5/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 4, Swiss voters rejected membership talks with the EU by 77%.
    (SFC, 3/5/01, p.A11)

2002        Mar 4, In Afghanistan at least 7 US soldiers were killed while trying to drop off reconnaissance teams in fighting in Paktia province. 6 of the soldiers were killed in an effort to try to rescue a 7th during Operation Anaconda.
    (SFC, 3/5/02, p.A1)(SFC, 3/6/02, p.A1,12)
2002        Mar 4, Roy Porter (b.1946), British historian, died. He had recently published "Madness: A Brief History." His other books included “The Greatest Benefit to Mankind" (1997), a survey of the history of medicine.
    (www.guardian.co.uk/news/2002/mar/05/guardianobituaries.obituaries)(SSFC, 4/21/02, p.M3)(WSJ, 10/4/08, p.W8)
2002        Mar 4, European Union’s 15 members ratified the Kyoto Protocol on global warming, but failed to set pollutant-emission levels to meet the accord’s targets.
    (AP, 3/4/07)
2002        Mar 4, El Salvador declared a state of emergency in the town of Berlin after some 60 horses died from apparent anthrax infections.
    (SFC, 3/5/02, p.A7)
2002        Mar 4, In Ahmadabad, India, Hindu militants razed the 80-year-old Manchaji mosque and erected a foot-tall statue of the monkey god Hanuman in its place. The death toll from Hindu-Muslim violence in the region climbed to 544.
    (SFC, 3/5/02, p.A6)
2002        Mar 4, Israeli forces killed at least 14 Palestinians including the wife of an Islamic militant and their 3 children.
    (SFC, 3/5/02, p.A1)
2002        Mar 4, In Kashmir separatist violence left at least 17 people dead. This included 8 Islamic militants killed by Indian soldiers.
    (SFC, 3/5/02, p.A7)
2002        Mar 4, In Kosovo Ibrahim Rugova, moderate Albanian leader, became Kosovo’s 1st president and joined PM Bajram Rexhepi to push for independence.
    (SFC, 3/5/02, p.A7)

2003        Mar 4, It was later reported that CNN top people found out that the US war on Iraq would begin Mar 19. The Army's oldest armored division, "Old Ironsides," got orders to head for the Persian Gulf as the total of U.S. land, sea and air forces arrayed against Iraq or preparing to go neared 300,000.
    (SFC, 4/3/03, p.W2)(AP, 3/4/04)
2003          Mar 4, The Bank of Canada raised its key overnight interest rate to 3 percent from 2.75 percent, as it fretted about a steeper inflation rate.
    (AP, 3/4/03)
2003          Mar 4, In the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir a bus fell into a deep gorge, killing at least nine people and injuring 52.
    (AP, 3/4/03)
2003          Mar 4, Iran called for UN-supervised elections in neighboring Iraq and urged the divided Iraqi opposition to reconcile with Pres. Saddam Hussein as part of a plan aimed at averting a US-led war on Iraq.
    (AP, 3/4/03)
2003          Mar 4, In northern Iraq Kurdish soldiers killed 5 Muslim men in a possible case of mistaken identity.
    (AP, 3/4/03)(SFC, 3/5/03, p.A10)
2003          Mar 4, Israeli troops killed one Palestinian and wounded another in an shootout at an Internet cafe in the West Bank.
    (AP, 3/4/03)
2003          Mar 4, In the Philippines a bomb hidden in a backpack exploded at the Davao airport on Mindanao, killing 21 people and wounding some 150.
    (AP, 3/4/03)(SFC, 3/5/03, p.A1)

2004        Mar 4, It was reported that new nickels honoring the 1803 Louisiana Purchase have been shipped to the Federal Reserve. A new Jefferson nickel was set for 2005.
     (SFC, 4/25/03, B3)(SFC, 11/7/03, p.A2)(AP, 3/4/04)(SFC, 9/14/04, p.D3)
2004        Mar 4, George Pake (b.1924), founding head (1970-1978) of Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), died in Tucson, Ariz.
    (SFC, 10/25/00, p.D1)(SFC, 3/11/04, p.C5)
2004        Mar 4, Brunei officials reported that two retired senior army and police intelligence officers and a businessman had been jailed without trial for leaking government secrets, some of them posted on the Internet.
    (AP, 3/4/04)
2004        Mar 4, Mounir el Motassadeq, the only person in the world convicted in the 9-11 attacks, won a retrial in a German appeals court.
    (AP, 3/4/05)
2004        Mar 4, Israeli forces raided the southern Gaza town of Rafah, killing a 14-year-old boy, bulldozing houses and damaging the water and electricity networks.
    (AP, 3/4/04)
2004        Mar 4, Ukrainian authorities pulled a private station off the air, four days after it began broadcasting U.S.-funded Radio Liberty's shortwave programming.
    (AP, 3/4/04)

2005        Mar 4, Pres. Bush nominated career scientist Stephen L. Johnson (53) to head the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
    (SFC, 3/5/05, p.A1)(AP, 3/4/06)
2005        Mar 4, The DJIA rose 107 to 10,940, its highest level since June, 2001.
    (SFC, 3/5/05, p.A10)
2005        Mar 4, Martha Stewart returned from prison to the multi-million-dollar estate where she will remain under the watch of federal authorities while trying to revive her homemaking empire.
    (AP, 3/4/05)
2005        Mar 4, India approved cultivation of genetically modified cotton in its fertile northern region, rejecting demands from anti-biotechnology activists.
    (AP, 3/4/05)
2005        Mar 4, American troops fired on a car taking Giuliana Sgrena to Baghdad's airport and wounded her. Nicola Calipari, the Italian intelligence officer who negotiated her freedom, was hit by the gunfire and died in her arms. Sgrena returned to Italy the next day. In 2007 an Italian court threw out the case against the US soldier charged in the shooting of Calipari.
    (AP, 3/5/05)(AP, 10/25/07)
2005        Mar 4, In Iraq Pvt. Gardi Gardev, a Bulgarian soldier, was killed by friendly fire." President Georgi Parvanov summoned U.S. Ambassador James Pardew on Mar 7 and complained about the lack of coordination between coalition troops in Iraq.
    (AP, 3/7/05)
2005        Mar 4, Nepal government forces killed at least 30 Maoist rebels in the western district of Arghakhanchi.
    (AP, 3/7/05)
2005        Mar 4, In southwestern Pakistan police said Ramzan Mengal, an Islamic militant accused of killing as many as 130 Shiite Muslims over recent years, was arrested in Quetta.
    (AP, 3/5/05)
2005        Mar 4, Palestinian gunmen opened fire at a police station, sparking a gunfight that left three people wounded.
    (AP, 3/4/05)
2005        Mar 4, Tribes from western Sudan and the neighboring Central African Republic signed a peace charter in a bid to end cross-border clashes.
    (AFP, 3/4/05)
2005        Mar 4, Swiss police said they have detained five purported Islamic extremists suspected of running Web sites that showed the execution of hostages and provided details of how to make bombs and carry out attacks.
    (AP, 3/4/05)
2005        Mar 4, Ukraine's former interior minister was found dead of an apparent suicide, just before he was to meet with prosecutors for questioning about the 2000 slaying of an investigative journalist. The minister had two shots to the head.
    (AP, 3/4/05)(Econ, 4/2/11, p.50)
2005        Mar 4, President Hugo Chavez said Venezuela wants to supply crude oil to India, Asia's third-biggest consumer, under a long-term agreement.
    (AP, 3/4/05)

2006        Mar 4, The US Army announced it would start a criminal investigation into the 2004 friendly fire death of former professional football player Patrick Tillman in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 3/4/07)
2006        Mar 4, Jenny McCarthy received 3 Razzies: worst picture, worst actress and worst screenplay as producer, for the gross-out romantic comedy “Dirty Love."
    (SSFC, 3/5/06, p.A2)
2006        Mar 4, Some 10,000 fans paid $50 to $450 to watch the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) at Mandalay Bay Events Center in Las Vegas.
    (WSJ, 3/15/06, p.A1)
2006        Mar 4, A bomb killed four Afghan intelligence agents when it blew up under their vehicle as they were driving near the southern provincial capital of Lashkargah in Helmand province.
    (AP, 3/4/06)
2006        Mar 4, In Afghanistan Taliban militia fatally shot Mohammad Hashim, a UN engineer, in the Bala Buluk district of Farah province, where he was doing rural rehabilitation work.
    (AP, 3/6/06)
2006        Mar 4, Algeria began releasing former Islamist fighters from prison, fulfilling an amnesty aimed at promoting national reconciliation after more than a decade of conflict.
    (Reuters, 3/4/06)
2006        Mar 4, Detectives investigating Britain's largest cash robbery arrested a 28-year-old man on suspicion of the Feb 22 robbery in south London. Five people have been charged so far in the case.
    (AP, 3/4/06)
2006        Mar 4, Cambodia deported an American for running websites that promoted the impoverished kingdom as a destination for people who wanted to end their lives. Californian Roger Graham, 57, who owned the Blue Mountain Coffee and Internet Cafe in the quiet coastal backwater of Kampot, had advertised his avid support of euthanasia, or mercy killing, on his websites www.euthanasiaincambodia.com and www.asian-hearts.com.
    (AFP, 3/4/06)
2006        Mar 4, Chechnya's Parliament unanimously approved Ramzan Kadyrov (29), the head of a security force widely accused of human rights abuses, as PM of the war-battered republic.
    (AP, 3/4/06)
2006        Mar 4, A government spokesman said China's military budget will rise 14.7% this year to $35.3 billion. China’s National People's Congress, largely a rubber-stamp for decisions taken at the top level of the Chinese Communist Party, approved a 14.7% increase in military spending to 35 billion dollars (27 billion euros). Although this is paltry compared to the 419 billion dollar (325 billion euro) US defense budget in 2006, the Pentagon last year estimated that China's defense spending was two to three times the publicly announced figure.
    (AP, 3/4/06)(AP, 8/17/06)
2006        Mar 4, The French the defense ministry said a French special forces officer was killed in clashes with Taliban forces in southern Afghanistan. This was the second French soldier to be killed in action in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 3/4/06)
2006        Mar 4, Youssef Fofana, the suspected leader of a gang accused of torturing to death a young Jewish man near Paris, was extradited from the Ivory Coast to France.
    (AP, 3/4/06)
2006        Mar 4, In India hundreds of Hindu protesters rampaged through the town of Sanvodem in the coastal state of Goa, storming a police station, beating officers, looting Muslim shops and burning vehicles and buildings.
    (AP, 3/4/06)
2006        Mar 4, Indonesia raised its death toll due to the H5N1 strain of bird flu to 21 after tests confirm that a boy (3) had succumbed to H5N1 in central Java.
    (AP, 3/4/06)
2006        Mar 4, Iraq's Kurdish president said that he joined Sunni Arab and secular politicians in trying to block the Shiite Muslim prime minister from a second term because Ibrahim al-Jaafari has become a divisive figure.
    (AP, 3/4/06)
2006        Mar 4, The Arab League said it will open offices in Iraq for the first time since the 2003 US-led invasion, part of its efforts to help reconcile the country's Sunni Arab, Shiite and Kurdish communities.
    (AP, 3/4/06)
2006        Mar 4, President Bush and Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf recommitted their nations to the difficult task of hunting down terrorists still hiding here and across the globe. Police detained former cricket star Imran Khan and arrested dozens of his opposition party's supporters to block a rally against President Bush. Bush praised Pakistan's fight against terrorism as unfaltering but turned down an appeal for the same civilian nuclear help the US intends to give India.
    (AP, 3/4/06)(AP, 3/5/06)
2006        Mar 4, Final results showed that South Africa's governing African National Congress won two-thirds of council seats in local elections. President Thabo Mbeki vowed to repay the confidence shown by voters in the ruling African National Congress and speed up delivery of services to millions of poor blacks.
    (AP, 3/4/06)(AP, 3/5/06)
2006        Mar 4, Supporters of the Basque separatist group ETA clashed with riot police in northern S