Today in History - March 8

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International Women’s Day: In 1909 in accordance with a declaration by the Socialist Party of America, the first National Woman's Day was observed across the United States on 28 February. Women continued to celebrate it on the last Sunday of that month through 1913. In 1910 the Socialist International, meeting in Copenhagen, established a Women's Day, international in character, to honor the movement for women's rights and to assist in achieving universal suffrage for women. In 1911 as a result of the decision taken at Copenhagen the previous year, International Women's Day was marked for the first time (19 March) in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland, where more than one million women and men attended rallies. As part of the peace movement brewing on the eve of World War I, Russian women observed their first International Women's Day on the last Sunday in February 1913. In 1917 with 2 million Russian soldiers dead in the war, Russian women again chose the last Sunday in February to strike for "bread and peace". Four days later the Czar was forced to abdicate and the provisional Government granted women the right to vote. That historic Sunday fell on 23 February on the Julian calendar then in use in Russia, but on 8 March on the Gregorian calendar in use elsewhere. ( www.un.org/ecosocdev/geninfo/women/womday97.htm )
World Kidney Day: ( www.kidney.org/news/wkd/ )

883        Mar 8, Albumasar [Ahmad Aboe M Gafar al-Balkhi], Arabic astronomer, died.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1144        Mar 8, Celestine II [Guido], Italian Pope (1143-44), died in battle.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1466        Mar 8, Francesco Sforza (b.1401), Italian condottiere, duke of Milan, died. He was the founder of the Sforza dynasty in Milan, Italy, and the brother of Alessandro, with whom he often fought.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francesco_Sforza)

1495        Mar 8, Juan de Dios, Portuguese-Spanish saint, founder (Brothers of Mercy), was born.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1576        Mar 8, Diego Garcia de Palacios, a representative of Spain's King Felipe II, wrote to the crown with news of the ruins at Copan in western Honduras.
    (AP, 3/7/05)

1607        Mar 8, Johann Rist, composer, was born.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1618        Mar 8, Johannes Kepler came up with his Third Law of Planetary Motion.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, PM p.5)(HN, 3/8/98)

1702        Mar 8, William III of Orange (51), Dutch King of England (1689-1702), died after falling from his horse and catching a chill. Anne Stuart (37), his sister-in-law, succeeded to the throne of England, Scotland and Ireland and reigned until 1714.
    (PCh, 1992, p.272)(MC, 3/8/02)(AP, 3/8/98)

1706        Mar 8, Vienna's Wiener Stadtbank was established.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1709        Mar 8, William Cowper/Cooper (~62), English anatomist, died.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1714        Mar 8, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (d.1788), German composer, son of J.S. Bach, was born. He played keyboard at the court of Frederick the Great for 28 years, and succeeded Telemann at Hamburg. Because he was left-handed he did not play the violin. He represented the elegant, noncontrapuntal style gallant that was developed by the Mannheim composers and led into Haydn and Mozart.
    (LGC-HCS, p.31)(MC, 3/8/02)

1722        Mar 8, Afghan monarch Mir Mahmud occupied Persia.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1746        Mar 8, Cumberland's troops occupied Aberdeen, Scotland.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1759        Mar 8, French King Louis XV revoked the license of the Encyclopedie as the 8th volume was about to be printed.
    (ON, 4/05, p.9)

1782        Mar 8, The Gnadenhutten massacre took place as some 90 Christian Delaware Indians were slain by militiamen in Ohio in retaliation for raids carried out by other Indians.
    (AP, 3/8/98)(AH, 4/07, p.14)

1783        Mar 8, Hannah Hoes Van Buren, wife of Martin Van Buren, was born.
    (HN, 3/8/98)

1787        Mar 8, Karl Ferdinand von Grafe was born. He helped create modern plastic surgery.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1799        Mar 8, Simon Cameron, political boss, was born.
    (HN, 3/8/01)

1804        Mar 8, Alvan Clark, telescope manufacturer, was born.
    (HN, 3/8/98)

1813        Mar 8, The 1st concert of Royal Philharmonic.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1828        Mar 8, Johann Anton Sulzer (75), composer, died.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1839        Mar 8, James Mason Crafts, US chemist (Friedel-Crafts-synthesis), was born.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1841        Mar 8, Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. (d.1935), 59th Supreme Court Justice (1902-1932), the "Great Dissenter," was born in Boston. "To have doubted one's own first principles, is the mark of a civilized man."
    (AP, 3/8/98)(HN, 3/8/98)(WSJ, 6/22/99, p.A22)(AP, 3/6/00)

1853        Mar 8, The first bronze statue of Andrew Jackson was unveiled in Washington, D.C.
    (HN, 3/8/98)

1854        Mar 8, US Commodore Matthew C. Perry landed at Yokohama on his 2nd trip to Japan. Within a month, he concluded a treaty with the Japanese. In 2003 Christopher Benfey authored "The Great Wave: Gilded Age Misfits, Japanese Eccentrics and the Opening of Old Japan."
    (AP, 3/8/98)(SSFC, 5/18/03, p.M6)

1855        Mar 8, The first train crossed Niagara Falls on a suspension bridge.
    (HN, 3/8/98)

1857        Mar 8, Ruggiero Leoncavallo, Italian composer (I Pagliacci/Zaza), was born.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1859        Mar 8, Kenneth Grahame, Scottish author who created the children’s classic “The Wind in the Willows," was born.
    (HN, 3/8/99)

1861        Mar 8, St. Augustine, Florida, surrendered to Union armies.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1862        Mar 8, On the second day of the Battle of Pea Ridge (Elkhorn Tavern) in Arkansas, Confederate forces, including some Indian troops, under General Earl Van Dorn surprised Union troops, but the Union troops won the battle. Pea Ridge Natl. Military Park, Arkansas, marked the site where Confederate commanders, Gen. Ben McCulloch and Gen. James McIntosh, were killed.
    (Postcard, Coastal Photo Scenics, SW Harbor, Maine)(HN, 3/8/98)(HN, 3/8/99)
1862        Mar 8, The ironclad CSS Virginia (formerly USS Merrimack) rammed and sank the USS Cumberland and inflicted heavy damage on the USS Congress, both frigates, off Newport News, Va. Popular during the Crimean War, the floating battery was revived by hard-pressed Confederates.
    (AP, 3/8/07)(HN, 3/8/98)
1862        Mar 8, Nat Gordon, last pirate, was hanged in NYC for stealing 1,000 slaves.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1865        Mar 8, Frederick William Goudy, US printer, type designer, was born.
    (MC, 3/8/02)
1865        Mar 8, Battle of Kingston, NC (Wilcox's ridge, Wise's Forks).
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1869        Mar 8, Louis Hector Berlioz (b.1803), French composer (Symphony Fantastic), died. He was later hailed as the most blazing musical innovator of the early 19th century. In 1969 David Cairns translated his memoirs “The Memoirs of Hector Berlioz."
    (WSJ, 4/8/03, p.D4)(WSJ, 3/1/08, p.W8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hector_Berlioz)

1874        Mar 8, Millard Fillmore (b.1800), the 13th president of the United States (1850-1853), died of a stroke in Buffalo, N.Y.
    (SFC, 2/21/97, p.A25)(AP, 1/7/98)(AP, 3/8/98)

1876        Mar 8, Franco Alfano, Italian opera composer (Il dottore Antonio), was born.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1879        Mar 8, Otto Hahn, German co-discoverer of nuclear fission, was born. He received a Nobel Prize in 1944.
    (HN, 3/8/98)(MC, 3/8/02)
 
1880        Mar 8, President Rutherford B. Hayes declared that the United States would have jurisdiction over any canal built across the isthmus of Panama.
    (HN, 3/8/99)

1884        Mar 8, The 1st performance of Edward MacDowell's 2nd Piano suite.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1886        Mar 8, Edward Kendall, chemist, isolated cortisone (Nobel 1950), was born.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1887        Mar 8, Everett Horton of Connecticut patented a fishing rod of telescoping steel tubes.
    (MC, 3/8/02)
1887        Mar 8, Henry Ward Beecher (b.1813), American clergyman and brother of Harriet Beecher Stowe, died. His books included the “Summer in the Soul" (1858), “Life of Jesus Christ" (1871), Yale Lectures on Preaching (1872) and Evolution and Religion (1885).  In 2006 Debby Applegate authored “The Most Famous Man in America: The Biography of Henry Ward Beecher. "
    (www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USASbeecher.htm)(SSFC, 7/2/06, p.M3)

1889        Mar 8, Jens/John Ericsson (85), Swedish-US, engineer (fire extinguisher), died.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1891        Mar 8, Sam Jaffe, actor (Gunga Din, Dr Zorba-Ben Casey), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1894        Mar 8, NY passed the 1st state dog license law.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1898        Mar 8, Richard Straus' "Don Quixote," premiered in Keulen.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1902        Mar 8, Louise Beavers, film actress, was born.
    (HN, 3/8/01)
1902        Mar 8, The 1st performance of Jean Sibelius' 2nd Symphony.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1904        Mar 8, The Bundestag in Germany lifted the ban on the Jesuit order of priests.
    (HN, 3/8/98)

1905        Mar 8, The peasant revolt in Russia was reported to be spreading to Georgia.
    (HN, 3/8/98)

1908        Mar 8, The House of Commons, London, turned down the women's suffrage bill.
    (HN, 3/8/98)

1909        Mar 8, Anthony Donato, composer, was born.
    (MC, 3/8/02)
1909        Mar 8, An F4 tornado hit Brinkley, Arkansas, killing 49 people. It was but one of 7 to touch down on the state this day.
    (SSFC, 3/8/09, p.C10)
1909        Mar 8, Hinton Rowan Helper (b.1829) of North Carolina, writer and former US consul in Buenos Aires (1861-1866), blocked the door of his Washington, DC., rooming house, turned on the gas and asphyxiated himself.
    (SFC, 6/20/15, p.C2)
1909        Mar 8, Pope Pius X lifted the church ban on interfaith marriages in Hungary.
    (HN, 3/8/98)

1910        Mar 8, Baroness de Laroche became the first women to obtain a pilot's license in France.
    (HN, 3/8/98)

1911        Mar 8, Alan Hovhaness, composer (Lousadzak, Ukiyo), was born in Somerville, Mass.
    (MC, 3/8/02)
1911        Mar 8, International Women's Day was established when American working women demonstrated for their rights as workers and women.
    (HFA, '96, p.26)(SFC, 3/8/02, p.A32)

1916        Mar 8, US invaded Cuba for 3rd time. This time "to end corrupt Menocal regime."
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1917        Mar 8, The US Senate voted to limit filibusters by adopting Rule XXII, the cloture rule, introduced at the urging of Pres. Wilson. The Senate had operated without a cloture rule since 1806. The rule required a 2/3 vote. It was later amended to a 3/5 vote. 
    (AP, 3/8/98)(Econ, 5/21/05, p.30)(Econ, 2/20/10, p.24)
1917        Mar 8,  Russian women  commenced a strike for "bread and peace" in response to the death over 2 million Russian soldiers in war. This was 23 February on the Julian calendar then in use in Russia. This day on the Gregorian calendar in use elsewhere was 8 March.
    (www.internationalwomensday.com/about.asp#.VP5OouEYOok)
1917        Mar 8, Ferdinand von Zeppelin (78), Dutch count, air pioneer, died.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1917        Mar 8-1917 Mar 12, Russia’s democratic February revolution took place. The "February Revolution" (according to the Old Style calendar that Russians used it was Feb 23-27) began with rioting and strikes in the Russian army garrison at Petrograd.
    (AP, 3/8/98)(LHC, 3/8/03)

1919        Mar 8, Reports from Paris indicated that 6,000 American men had married French women in the past year.
    (HN, 3/8/98)

1921        Mar 8, Spanish Premier Eduardo Dato was assassinated while leaving Parliament in Madrid.
    (HN, 3/8/98)
1921        Mar 8, French troops occupied Dusseldorf.
    (HN, 3/8/98)

1923        Mar 8, Cyd Charisse, dancer, actress, was born.
    (HN, 3/8/01)
1923        Mar 8, John McPhee, writer (Oranges, A Sense of Where You Are), was born.
    (HN, 3/8/01)

1924        Mar 8, Coal mine explosion killed 171 at Castle Gate, Utah.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1930        Mar 8, William Howard Taft (72), 27th president of the United States (1909-1913), died in Washington. In addition to John F. Kennedy, William Howard Taft is the only other U.S. president buried in Arlington National Cemetery. Born in Cincinnati on September 15, 1857, Taft was the 27th president, serving from 1909 to 1913. He later served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court from 1921 until illness forced him to resign in 1930.
    (AP, 3/8/98)(HNQ, 12/10/98)
1930        Mar 8, Mahatma Gandhi started civil disobedience in India. [see Mar 12]
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1934        Mar 8, It was reported that Workmen excavating for the SF Federal Building unearthed the skeletal remains of 3 SF settlers and several gold and silver coins near the corner of McAllister and Hyde streets. Over 20 graves were uncovered during the course of the excavation.
    (SSFC, 3/8/09, DB p.45)
1934        Mar 8, Edwin Hubble photo showed as many galaxies as Milky Way has stars.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1935        Mar 8, In San Francisco a boxing match between Joe Lewis and Red Barry was stopped after Barry collapsed under punches from Lewis. Close to 8,000 fans watched the bout at  Dreamland where Lewis won close to $3,650 with Barry getting about $1,200.
    (SSFC, 3/7/10, p.46)

1936        Mar 8, Gabor Szabo, Hungarian jazz pianist (Perfect Circle), was born.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1938        Mar 8, Herbert Hoover told Hitler that his doctrine would be unacceptable and intolerable in the U.S.
    (HN, 3/8/98)

1939        Mar 8, Robert Tear, tenor (Welsh Nat’l Opera 1970), was born in Barry, Wales.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1940        Mar 8, In the US it was tax freedom day, the day by which citizens met their financial obligations to the government. In 1902 it was Jan 31 and by 1999 it had shifted to May 10.
    (SFEC, 4/18/99, BR p.7)

1941        Mar 8, Martial law was proclaimed in Holland in order to extinguish any anti-Nazi protests.
    (HN, 3/8/98)

1942        Mar 8, Japanese captured Rangoon, Burma, during World War II. Detachment 101 harried the Japanese in Burma and provided close support for regular Allied forces.
    (AP, 3/8/98)(HN, 3/8/98)

1943        Mar 8, Japanese forces attacked American troops on Hill 700 in Bougainville. The battle lasted five days.
    (HN, 3/8/99)
1943        Mar 8, 335 allied bombers attacked Nuremberg.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1944        Mar 8, U.S. bombers resumed bombing Berlin.
    (AP, 3/8/98)
1944        Mar 8, The Soviet government celebrated International Women's Day by forcibly deporting almost the entire Balkar population to Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Omsk Oblast in Siberia. Starting on 8 March and finishing the following day, the NKVD loaded 37,713 Balkars onto 14 train echelons bound for Central Asia and Siberia.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balkars)

1945        Mar 8, "Kiss Me Kate" opened in Britain.
    (MC, 3/8/02)
1945        Mar 8, Phyllis Mae Daley received a commission in the U.S. Navy Nurse Corps. She was the first African-American nurse to serve duty in World War II.
    (HN, 3/8/99)
1945        Mar 8, The U.S. First Army crossed the Rhine between Cologne and Coblenz.
    (HN, 3/8/98)
1945        Mar 8, 53 Amsterdammers were executed by Nazi occupiers.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1946        Mar 8, The 1st helicopter licensed for commercial use was in NYC.
    (MC, 3/8/02)
1946        Mar 8, Frederick William Lanchester (b.1868) died in England. He was a major contributor to the theory and practice of automobile engineering and aeronautical engineering. He also published works in radio, acoustics, relativity, music and poetry.
    (http://www.lanchester.com/Lanc1.html)

1948        Mar 8, The US Supreme Court, in the case of McCollum vs. the Board of Education,  struck down voluntary religious education classes in Champaign, Ill., public schools, saying the program violated separation of church and state. Judge Robert Jackson warned: "One can hardly respect a system of education that would leave the student wholly ignorant of the currents of religious thought that move the world."
    (HN, 3/8/98)(WSJ, 8/13/99, p.W11)(AP, 3/8/08)

1950        Mar 8, Marshall Voroshilov of the USSR announced the Soviet Union had developed an atomic bomb. [see August 29, 1949]
    (PC, 1992 ed, p.922)

1951        Mar 8, The Int’l. Table Tennis Federation banned Egypt for refusing to play Israel.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1953        Mar 8, Census indicated 239,000 farmers gave up farming in last 2 years.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1954        Mar 8, The U.S. signed a defense pact with Japan, offering them $100 million in aid within the next three months.
    (HN, 3/8/98)

1956        Mar 8, On the 2nd day of a 3-day regional conference of the Southern District Division of Production, American Petroleum Institute, in San Antonio, Texas, M. King Hubbert, a Shell geologist, predicted that US oil production for the 48 states would peak (i.e., reach a maximum annual extraction rate) in 1965 if the nation ultimately produced 150 billion barrels, and in 1969 if the nation ultimately produced 200 billion barrels. 1970 turned out to be the peak year, both for the 48 states and for the 50 states including Alaska.
    (SSFC, 3/21/04, p.J3)(WSJ, 6/28/05, p.D8)

1957        Mar 8, Israeli troops left Egypt. Suez Canal re-opened for minor ships.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1958        Mar 8, William Faulkner said US schools had degenerated to become babysitters.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1959        Mar 8, Groucho, Chico and Harpo made their final TV appearance together.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1961        Mar 8, Jean Kerr's "Mary, Mary," premiered in NYC. It was adopted to film in 1963.
    (MC, 3/8/02)(SFC, 1/7/03, p.A22)
1961        Mar 8, US nuclear submarine Patrick Henry arrived at Scottish naval base of Holy Loch from SC in a record under seas journey of 66 days 22 hrs.
    (MC, 3/8/02)
1961        Mar 8, Max Conrad circled the globe in a record time of eight days, 18 hours and 49 minutes in Piper Aztec.
    (HN, 3/8/98)
1961        Mar 8, Thomas Beecham (81), English conductor (Last Night of the Prom), died.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1964        Mar 8, Malcolm X left the Black Muslim Movement. [see Mar 12]
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1965        Mar 8, The United States landed its 1st combat troops, about 3,500 Marines in South Vietnam. More than 4,000 Marines landed. They joined some 23,000 Americans who had been serving as military advisors to South Vietnam for several years. Gen. Frederick Karch (d.2009 at 92) landed with the 9th Marine Expeditionary Brigade on Red Beach at Da Nang. Prior to their arrival all military personnel in Vietnam were there as advisors.
    (AP, 3/8/98)(HN, 3/8/98)(SFC, 8/18/00, p.D2)(SFC, 5/27/09, p.B9)

1966        Mar 8, "Golden Boy" closed at Majestic Theater in NYC after 569 performances.
    (MC, 3/8/02)
1966        Mar 8, Australia announced that it would triple the number of troops in Vietnam.
    (HN, 3/8/98)
1966        Mar 8, An IRA bomb destroyed Nelson’s Column in Dublin. Work on the column had begun in 1808 and it was completed in 1809.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson%27s_Pillar)

1968        Mar 8, Some 1500 students demonstrated in Warsaw following a government ban on the performance of a play by Adam Mickiewicz, (Dziady), written in 1824). Within four days, protests spread to Krakow, Lublin, Gliwice, Wroclaw, Gdansk, Poznan, and Lodz
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1968_Polish_political_crisis)
1968        Mar 8, The Russian K-129, a Golf-II class, diesel-electric submarine armed with nuclear missiles and 98 seamen aboard, sank in 16,000 feet of water northwest of the Hawaiian island of Oahu. Russian officials suspected that the K-129 was struck by an American submarine, the USS Swordfish. The US Navy said the vessel suffered a catastrophic internal explosion. A US sub, the Halibut, found the Soviet vessel 6 months later and recovered 3 missiles with nuclear warheads, Soviet code books and an encryption machine. In August 1974 the CIA recovered part of the sub. A 100 foot section was pulled in by the Glomar Explorer with 2 nuclear tipped torpedoes and the bodies of 6 Russian sailors.
    (SFC, 7/15/96, p.A6)(SFC, 7/5/96, p.A19,21)(AP, 9/11/07)(AP, 2/13/10)

1970        Mar 8, The Nixon administration disclosed the deaths of 27 Americans in Laos.
    (HN, 3/8/98)

1971        Mar 8, Radio Hanoi broadcast Jimi Hendrix's "Star Spangled Banner."
    (MC, 3/8/02)
1971        Mar 8, Joe Frazier fought Muhammad Ali for the heavyweight championship. Frazier won. They fought rematches in 1974 and 1975. In 2001 Mark Kram authored “Ghosts of Manila," and account of the Frazier-Ali boxing matches.
    (WSJ, 5/25/01, p.W8)
1971        Mar 8, Pres. Nixon expressed his bigotry against women, blacks and Mexicans and Italians on tape recordings that were only made public in 1998.
    (SFEC, 12/27/98, p.a15)
1971        Mar 8, Catholic radicals in Media, Pa., broke into the local FBI offices and stole documents that revealed the agency’s illegal activities against radical groups and leaked them to the media. In 2014 Betty Medsger authored “The Burglary: The Discovery of J. Edgar Hoover’s Secret FBI."
    (SFEC, 2/16/97, BR p.8)(SSFC, 1/12/14, p.F1)
1971        Mar 8, Harold Lloyd (b.1893), US comic, actor (Why Worry), died of cancer. Lloyd, an avid 3-D photographer, left behind a large collection that included thousands of nude women as subjects. In 2004 granddaughter Suzanne Lloyd published “Hollywood Nudes in 3-D."
    (www.haroldlloyd.us/articles/biog3.htm)(SSFC, 11/21/04, p.M1)

1972        Mar 8, Pres. Nixon signed Executive Order 11652 lifting a 50-year secrecy ban on the exploits of the more than 6,000 Nisei, second-generation Japanese-Americans, who helped decode Japanese messages and who provided crucial information on Japanese military operations during WW II.
    (SFC, 5/26/96, Par p.14)(http://tinyurl.com/64kjn2)

1973        Mar 8, In London a bomb inside a parked car exploded in front of the Old Bailey near Trafalgar Square. It hurled nearby vehicles into the air, wrecked a pub and smashed hundreds of windows. Marian Price and her sister Dolores (d.2013) were among 9 people convicted over the bombing, which killed one person and left almost 200 others injured. Jerry Kelly was convicted of causing explosions and conspiracy to cause explosions after he planted four car bombs in London in March 1973. Dolores received early parole in 1980. She alleged that Gerry Adams was her IRA commander in Belfast in the early 1970s and was involved in ordering several Catholic civilians to be abducted, executed and buried in secret.
    (AP, 11/17/09)(http://tinyurl.com/yfzl7th)(AP, 1/24/13)

1974        Mar 8, Charles the Gaulle Airport (aka Roissy I) opened outside of Paris.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_de_Gaulle_International_Airport)

1975        Mar 8, The United Nations began observing International Women's Day.
    (www.un.org/womenwatch/feature/iwd/)
1975        Mar 8, George Stevens (70), US director (Swing Time, Gunga Din), died.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1977        Mar 8, The U.S. Army announced that they had conducted 239 open-air tests of germ warfare.
    (HN, 3/8/98)

1978        Mar 8, In Nicaragua General Raynoldo Perez Vega, the National Guard Chief, was assassinated.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nora_Astorga)

1979        Mar 8, Cesar Chavez led some 5,000 striking farmworkers on a march through the streets of Salinas, Ca.
    (SFC, 2/05/04, p.E8)

1982        Mar 8, The U.S. accused the Soviets of killing 3,000 Afghans with poison gas.
    (HN, 3/8/98)

1983        Mar 8, Pres Reagan called the USSR an "Evil Empire."
    (http://www.ronaldreagan.com/sp_6.html)
1983        Mar 8, IBM released PC DOS version 2.0.
    (http://www.e-articles.info/e/a/title/DOS-Versions/)
1983        Mar 8, William T. Walton (b.1902), English composer (Belhazzar's feast), died.
    (www.bach-cantatas.com/Bio/Walton-William.htm)

1985        Mar 8, Thomas Creighton (33) died at the Univ. of Arizona after having three heart transplants in a 46-hour period.
    (HN, 3/8/98)(http://tinyurl.com/tbw75)
1985        Mar 8, In Lebanon a massive car bomb killed 80 people. It targeted Grand Ayatollah Sayyed Muhammad Hussein Fadlallah, but he escaped injury. Reporter Bob Woodward later wrote that CIA director William Casey, while lying on his deathbed, admitted personal culpability in the attack, which he suggests was carried out with funding from Saudi Arabia.
    (Econ, 7/10/10, p.48)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1985_Beirut_car_bombing)

1986        Mar 8, Four French television crew members were abducted in west Beirut; a caller claimed the Islamic Jihad was responsible. All four were eventually released.
    (AP, 3/8/98)
1986        Mar 8, The Japanese probe Suisei passed 151,000 kilometers (95,000 miles) from the nucleus of Haley’s Comet.
    (www.nasm.si.edu/ceps/etp/comets/comet_halley.html)

1988        Mar 8, Vice President George Bush was the big winner in the Super Tuesday Republican presidential primaries. Among Democrats, Michael S. Dukakis, Jesse Jackson and Al Gore split the lion's share of delegates.
    (AP, 3/8/98)
1988        Mar 8, In San Francisco at least 3 people made off with more than half a million dollars after the loot spilled from a Loomis Armored Inc. truck onto Third Street. An additional $1.3 million was left on the street. Louis A Lopez of Daly City picked up two bundles containing $40,100 and took them to the Loomis offices.
    (SSFC, 3/3/13, DB p.42)
1988        Mar 8, Seventeen soldiers died when two Army helicopters from Fort Campbell, Ky., collided in midair.
    (AP, 3/8/98)

1989        Mar 8, In Lebanon daily artillery barrages between Christian and Syrian forces and their militia allies began in Beirut; at least 930 people were killed before a cease-fire took hold the following September.
    (AP, 3/8/99)

1990        Mar 8, Opening arguments were heard in the Iran-Contra trial of former national security adviser John M. Poindexter.
    (AP, 3/8/00)
1990        Mar 8,  In San Francisco Giovanni Torrocha (30), part owner of the Grant and Green Bar and the Condor nightclub shot and killed Francesco Tarsitano (42), a chef and former maitre d’ of Martinelli’s, in the vengeful climax of a love triangle.
    (SSFC, 3/8/15, p.42)
1990        Mar 8, NYC's Zodiac killer shoot his 1st victim, Mario Orosco. Orozco survived a bullet lodged near his spine.
    (http://karisable.com/skazzodiac.htm)

1991        Mar 8, Planeload after planeload of US troops arrived home from the Persian Gulf to an emotional welcome from relatives. Iraq handed over 40 foreign journalists and two American soldiers whom it had captured.
    (AP, 3/8/01)

1992        Mar 8, President George H.W. Bush and Democrat Bill Clinton headed toward “Super Tuesday" claiming big boosts from weekend victories.
    (AP, 3/8/02)
1992        Mar 8, Ninety people were killed when a ferry carrying pilgrims to a Buddhist shrine collided with an oil tanker in the Gulf of Thailand.
    (AP, 3/8/02)

1993        Mar 8, On Wall Street, the Dow Jones industrial average soared to a record high, climbing 64.84 to end the day at 3,469.42.
    (AP, 3/8/98)
1993        Mar 8, Singer-bandleader Billy Eckstine died in Pittsburgh at age 78.
    (AP, 3/8/98)

1994        Mar 8, President Clinton announced the appointment of Washington attorney Lloyd Cutler as senior counsel, replacing Bernard Nussbaum.
    (AP, 3/8/99)
1994        Mar 8, The US Defense Department announced a smoking ban for workplaces ranging from the Pentagon to battle tanks.
    (AP, 3/8/99)
1994        Mar 8, The IRA launch the 1st of 3 mortar attacks on London's Heathrow Airport.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Provisional_Irish_Republican_Army)

1995        Mar 8, Two United States diplomats were killed, one injured, when their car was ambushed as they were driving to the U.S. Consulate in Karachi, Pakistan.
    (AP, 3/8/00)
1995        Mar 8, The plummeting dollar stabilized after Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan called the decline unwarranted.
    (AP, 3/8/00)

1996        Mar 8, Wall Street plummeted in a major sell off triggered by seemingly good economic news—a drop in the nation’s unemployment rate and the biggest jobs gain in more than a decade. Investors apparently worried that a stronger economy would mean no more interest rate cuts from the Federal Reserve.
    (AP, 3/8/01)
1996        Mar 8, Dr. Jack Kevorkian was acquitted of assisted suicide for helping two suffering patients kill themselves.
    (AP, 3/8/01)

1997        Mar 8, President Clinton, in keeping with his push for private businesses and churches to hire off welfare rolls, ordered federal agencies to do the same.
    (AP, 3/8/07)

1998        Mar 8, James McDougal, one of the most important cooperating witnesses in Kenneth Starr's Whitewater investigation, died of cardiac arrest in a federal medical prison in Fort Worth, Texas, at age 57.
    (SFC, 3/9/98, p.A1) (AP, 3/8/99)
1998        Mar 8, More than a foot of wind-driven snow paralyzed travel across the central Plains and Midwest.
    (AP, 3/8/99)
1998        Mar 8, Hall of Fame linebacker Ray Nitschke died in Florida at age 61.
    (AP, 3/8/99)
1998        Mar 8, In northern Afghanistan an avalanche crushed the village of Darbandi and killed 70 people.
    (SFC, 3/7/98, p.A11)
1998        Mar 8, In Algeria attackers slit the throats of 6 people on a farm in Haouch Mena, near the home village of Antar Zouabri, believed to be the leader of the militant Armed Islamic Group.
    (SFC, 3/9/98, p.A11)
1998        Mar 8, Columbia elected new representatives to Congress. Rebels interference forced vote cancellations in 46 municipalities. 8 guerrillas and 7 soldiers were reported killed in combat.
    (SFC, 3/7/98, p.A10)
1998        Mar 8, In Israel a letter from over 1,500 Israeli army reserve officers urged Pres. Netanyahu to curb settlements and reach a West Bank deal with Palestinians.
    (WSJ, 3/9/98, p.A1)
1998        Mar 8, In Kosovo 7,000 Albanian women marched against the crackdown on separatist guerrillas.
    (SFC, 3/9/98, p.A10)

1999        Mar 8, Alice Munro of Canada won the National Book Critics Circle award for fiction for her short-story collection "The Love of a Good Woman." Philip Gourevitch won the nonfiction award for "We Wish To Inform You That Tomorrow We Will Be Killed With Our Families," a work on the Rwandan genocide. Sylvia Nassar won the biography award for her work on John Forbes Nash Jr., Nobel laureate in mathematics. Gary Giddins won the award for criticism for "Visions of Jazz: The First Century."
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.C2)
1999        Mar 8, Women around the world took part in ceremonies and protests marking Int'l. Women's Day.
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.B10)
1999        Mar 8, The Clinton administration directed the firing of nuclear scientist Wen Ho Lee from his job at the Los Alamos National Laboratory because of alleged security violations. Lee was exonerated in 2000. Energy Secretary Bill Richardson fired Wen Ho Lee, a Los Alamos weapons designer, who was under suspicion of handing nuclear secrets to China in 1988.
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.A1)(AP, 3/8/00)(SFC, 7/1/00, p.A4)(SFEC, 9/10/00, p.C19)
1999        Mar 8, Pres. Clinton began a 4-day tour of Central America and the region's efforts to recover from Hurricane Mitch. Clinton toured Posoltega, Nicaragua, by the Casita Volcano where a wall of mud took 2,000 lives.
    (SFC, 3/8/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/9/99, p.A1)
1999        Mar 8, US warplanes dropped laser-guided bombs on northern and southern Iraq.
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.B10)
1999        Mar 8, Intel settled an antitrust suit with charges that it had abused monopoly power in the computer chip industry.
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.A1)
1999        Mar 8, Joe DiMaggio, New York Yankees baseball star known as the "Yankee Clipper," died at age 84 in Hollywood, Florida. In 1975 Maury Allen authored “Where Have You Gone, Joe DiMaggio." In 1995 Joseph Durso authored the biography “DiMaggio: The Last American Knight." In 2000 Richard Ben Cramer authored “Joe DiMaggio: The Hero’s Life."
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/9/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/18/00, p.A24)
1999        Mar 8, William Wrigley (b.1933), CEO of Chicago-based Wrigley Gum, died. His son William Wrigley Jr. took over the company.
    (WSJ, 3/11/06, p.A10)(www.thememoryhole.org/foi/apbnews-list/)
1999        Mar 8, Brazil sealed a deal with the IMF for a currency injection in exchange for more belt tightening.
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.B10)
1999        Mar 8, Britain and Ireland signed 4 treaties for the Northern Ireland peace accord. Formation of a new government was postponed.
    (WSJ, 3/9/99, p.A1)
1999        Mar 8, In China 148 people were poisoned in Luoyang after nitric acid was put into the donkey meat soup. 5 people were later arrested. Chi Jianguo, the owner of a competing restaurant, hired 4 farmers to poison the soup. He was later sentenced to death, but the sentence was suspended for 2 years.
    (SFC, 3/22/99, p.A11)(SFC, 4/7/99, p.C12)
1999        Mar 8, In Ecuador the government declared a banking holiday to deal with the plunging currency.
    (WSJ, 3/9/99, p.A17)
1999        Mar 8, Guinea said that it had reinforced its border with Sierra Leone following the fall of Kambia to rebels and raids by rebels against Guinean villages.
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.B10)
1999        Mar 8, Kosovo KLA leaders agreed to accept a peace plan but commander Ramush Hajredinaj insisted that they would not give up their arms.
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.A12)

2000        Mar 8, President Clinton submitted to Congress legislation to establish permanent normal trade relations with China.
    (AP, 3/8/01)
2000        Mar 8, In California 55 Oscar statuettes were reported missing from a loading dock in LA. Willie Fullgear (61) found them in a dumpster on Mar 19. Police arrested two men associated with the trucking company.
    (SFC, 3/21/00, p.a3)
2000        Mar 8, In Florida a 24-vehicle pileup on I-10, 90 miles east of Tallahassee, left 3 people dead and 21 injured. Blinding smoke from a forest fire was blamed.
     (SFC, 3/9/00, p.A3)
2000        Mar 8, In Nevada a van crashed on I-15 at Jean and 8 people were killed with 5 injured.
    (SFC, 3/9/00, p.A3)
2000        Mar 8, In Memphis, Tenn., an off-duty firefighter, Frederick Williams (41), shot and killed 2 firefighters and a sheriff's deputy. Letter carrier Stacey Williams (32), Williams’ wife, was also found dead at the site where a fire was started.
    (SFC, 3/9/00, p.A3)(SFC, 3/10/00, p.D3)
2000        Mar 8, It was reported that the EU will require car manufacturers by 2006 to take back cars after the resale value drops to zero and to recycle 85% of scrapped cars.
    (SFC, 3/8/00, p.A1)
2000        Mar 8, In China Hu Changqing, former vice governor of Jiangxi province, was executed for corruption.
    (SFC, 3/9/00, p.A10)
2000        Mar 8, In Israel the supreme court ruled that the government may no longer allocate land based on religion or ethnicity and may no longer prevent Arab citizens from living where they choose.
    (SFC, 3/9/00, p.A1)
2000        Mar 8, In Italy Harold Bloom’s new book “How To Read and Why" was published. The American version came out in April. His other 24 books included “The Western Canon."
    (WSJ, 5/1/00, p.A24)
2000        Mar 8, In Japan 2 subway trains collided during rush hour in Tokyo. 3 people were killed and over 30 injured.
    (SFC, 3/8/00, p.C4)
2000        Mar 8, In Madagascar tropical storm Gloria left over 100 people dead just weeks after Cyclone Eline left 54 dead.
    (SFC, 3/9/00, p.A10)
2000        Mar 8, In Mexico police announced that 6 suspects were arrested for the slaying of a police chief in Tijuana and 14 other people. The suspects were reported to be acting as hit men under orders from Vicente Zambada Niebla, the son of a drug trafficker in Sinaloa.
    (SFC, 3/9/00, p.A11)
2000        Mar 8, In Mexico Juan Manuel Izabal, a top aide to the attorney general, was found dead from suicide. A stash of $700,000 was also found.
    (SFC, 3/10/00, p.A12)
2000        Mar 8, In Mozambique recent flooding began to wash old civil war land mines to the surface. An estimated 400,000 to 5 million mines were still present.
    (SFC, 3/9/00, p.A10)
2000        Mar 8, Near Puerto Rico at least 10 people died when a boat carrying some 70 illegal immigrants from the Dominican Republic capsized.
    (SFC, 3/9/00, p.A12)
2000        Mar 8, Singapore complained to Indonesia about out of control fires on Sumatra and Borneo.
    (WSJ, 3/9/00, p.A1)

2001        Mar 8, The Republican-controlled House voted for an across-the-board tax cut of nearly $1 trillion over the next decade, handing President Bush a major victory only 48 days into his term.
    (WSJ, 3/9/01, p.A1)(AP, 3/8/02)
2001        Mar 8, Scott Waddle, the embattled commander of the Navy submarine that collided with a Japanese fishing vessel off Hawaii, offered a tearful apology to the families of some of the victims.
    (AP, 3/8/02)
2001        Mar 8, A new AIDS vaccine was reported to be successful in monkeys.
    (WSJ, 3/9/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 8, The space shuttle Discovery lifted off with supplies for the int’l. space station in a new Italian module named Leonardo. The 12-day mission also included a fresh crew of 3 for the station.
    (SFC, 3/9/01, p.A2)(WSJ, 3/9/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 8, Rev. Arthur Peacocke, a scientist and Church of England priest, won the annual Templeton Prize for Progress in Religion. His writings included “Paths from Science Towards God."
    (SFC, 3/9/01, p.D6)
2001        Mar 8, In Afghanistan the giant Buddha at Bamiyan was destroyed.
    (SFC, 3/12/01, p.A12)
2001        Mar 8, Dame Ninette de Valois, founder of the Royal Ballet, died in London at age 102.
    (AP, 3/8/02)
2001        Mar 8, In Indonesia Pres. Wahid visited Borneo and fighting erupted right after his departure. At least 4 Dayak protesters were killed.
    (SFC, 3/9/01, p.D2)
2001        Mar 8, In southern Sudan dozens of gunmen attacked and looted an aid agency. 4 workers were killed and 2 were kidnapped.
    (SFC, 3/13/01, p.A18)
2001        Mar 8, Flooding in the Ukraine and northeastern Hungary left at least 5 people dead. Tens of thousands were driven from their homes as the Tisza and other Carpathian streams rose.
    (WSJ, 3/9/01, p.A1)

2002        Mar 8, The US Senate passed the economic stimulus bill. Pres. Bush signed it the next day. The Senate bill cut taxes and extended unemployment benefits.
    (SFC, 3/9/02, p.A4)(WSJ, 3/11/02, p.A1)(AP, 3/8/07)
2002        Mar 8, The US Labor Dept. reported an addition of 66,000 jobs in February, the 1st increase in 8 months.
    (SFC, 3/9/02, p.A1)
2002        Mar 8, The Holy Land Foundation filed suit against the US Departments of Justice, Treasury and State for violation of its civil rights and putting it out of business as a suspected conduit for terrorist funds.
    (SFC, 3/16/02, p.A14)
2002        Mar 8, K-Mart announced the closure of 284 stores and layoffs of 22,000.
    (SFC, 3/9/02, p.B1)
2002        Mar 8, In Noble, Georgia, the parents and sister of Ray Brent Marsh were arrested for signing death certificates even though they were not licensed. The number of corpses found at the Tri-State Crematory rose to 339. [see Feb 16]
    (SFC, 3/9/02, p.A3)
2002        Mar 8, It was reported that scientists had found a link between SV40, a simian virus, and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
    (SFC, 3/9/02, p.A1)
2002        Mar 8, A gunman killed 5 Israelis in Gaza. Israeli forces attacked Palestinian positions and killed 36 including Maj. Gen. Ahmed Mefraj. This was the deadliest day in 17 months of fighting.
    (SFC, 3/8/02, p.A11)(SFC, 3/9/02, p.A1)
2002        Mar 8, In Mexico Ines Fernandez and Valentina Rosendo, two indigenous Me'phaa women from the state of Guerrero, reported that they had been raped and tortured by members of the Mexican Army. Since then, they have been subject to a constant stream of threats to keep them from speaking about the incidents. On Dec 15, 2011, Interior Secretary Alejandro Poire offered what he called "the most sincere of apologies" to Valentina Rosendo.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7bdvlyk)(AP, 12/16/11)
2002        Mar 8, Pakistan prepared to expel thousands of foreign students studying at religious schools.
    (SFC, 3/9/02, p.A13)

2003         Mar 8, Michael Moore won best original screenplay for "Bowling for Columbine" in the 55th annual Writer's Guild Awards.
    (SFC, 3/10/03, p.D2)
2003        Mar 8, Former US president and Nobel Peace Prize winner Jimmy Carter condemned preparations for a unilateral US attack on Iraq.
    (AP, 3/9/03)
2003        Mar 8, Thousands of US women staged "Code Pink" marches against a possible war with Iraq. Some 4,000 marched near the White House.
    (SSFC, 3/9/03, p.A3)
2003        Mar 8, Elliot Jaques (86), psychoanalyst, died. He coined the term mid-life crises and adopted hierarchies that reflected employees' ability to handle long-range assignments.
    (SFC, 1/21/02, p.A21)
2003        Mar 8, The first Afghan radio station programmed solely for women began broadcasting in Kabul. Daily broadcasts will increase to 2 hours next week and up to 4 hours in several months.
    (AP, 3/9/03)
2003        Mar 8, An Argentine judge asked Interpol to arrest four Iranian diplomats, accusing them of responsibility in a deadly terrorist attack that destroyed a Jewish community center in Buenos Aires in 1994.
    (AP, 3/9/03)
2003        Mar 8, In Romania 5 Iraqi diplomats were expelled for "activities incompatible with their status." Last week the US expelled two U.N.-based Iraqi diplomats and identified 300 Iraqis in 60 countries, some operating as diplomats out of Iraqi embassies, whom it wanted expelled.
    (AP, 3/10/03)
2003        Mar 8, In the Czech Republic a bus accident near Ceske Budejovice left 17 dead. 2 more people soon died from injuries sustained in the crash.
    (AP, 3/9/03)
2003        Mar 8, In India separatist rebels in northeastern Assam state shot and killed three laborers, ignited a huge fire by launching mortars at an oil refinery and used explosives to damage a pipeline.
    (AP, 3/8/03)
2003        Mar 8, Interpol reissued an international arrest warrant charging former Peru President Alberto Fujimori with murder after receiving additional information from the government.
    (AP, 3/8/03)
2003        Mar 8, Iraq resumed the destruction of banned Al Samoud 2 missiles after taking a day off and called on the UN to lift sanctions after arms inspectors gave a positive assessment of Baghdad's cooperation. Iraq also demanded that the UN strip Israel of weapons of mass destruction, require withdrawal from occupied Palestinian territory and that the UN brand the US and Britain as liars.
    (AP, 3/8/03)(SSFC, 3/9/03, p.A8)
2003        Mar 8, An Israeli helicopter missile strike killed Ibrahim Makadmeh (51), the top commander of Hamas' military wing and three other militants in a car in the Gaza Strip. Hamas vowed revenge; the Israeli army promised to strike the militants again.
    (AP, 3/8/03)(AP, 3/8/08)
2003        Mar 8, Malta became the first of 10 countries to vote on whether to join the European Union, which is luring new members with a $40 billion aid package. The referendum was approved 53.65 to 46.35%.
    (AP, 3/8/03)(SFC, 3/10/03, p.A3)
2003        Mar 8, The presidents of Peru and Ecuador inaugurated a bridge connecting the two nations. The $1.8-million bridge spans the Canchis River near the Peruvian town of Namballe, 500 miles northeast of Lima.
    (AP, 3/9/03)

2004        Mar 8, An Ohio nuclear power plant was allowed to reopen following a 2-year shutdown over an acid leak.
    (WSJ, 3/9/04, p.A1)
2004        Mar 8, Todd Bertuzzi of the Vancouver Canucks slugged Colorado Avalanche forward Steve Moore during a game, leaving Moore with a broken neck, concussion and facial cuts. Bertuzzi, who was suspended indefinitely from the NHL, later pleaded guilty to criminal assault.
    (AP, 3/8/05)
2004        Mar 8, Keith Hopkins (69), a historian who brought an innovative sociological approach to the study of ancient Rome, died in Cambridge, England. His books included "Conquerors and Slaves" and "Death and Renewal."
    (AP, 3/15/04)(SFC, 3/16/04, p.B7)
2004        Mar 8, Actor Robert Pastorelli (49) was found dead in his Hollywood Hills, Calif., home.
    (AP, 3/8/05)
2004        Mar 8, China's parliament began discussing a constitutional amendment that would protect private property for the first time since the 1949 communist revolution.
    (AP, 3/8/04)
2004        Mar 8, Guinea-Bissau soldiers released deposed Pres. Kumba Yala from house arrest, six months after he was ousted in a bloodless coup on Sep 14.
    (AP, 3/9/04)
2004        Mar 8, In Haiti US Marines shot and killed the driver of a vehicle speeding up to a military checkpoint.
    (AP, 3/9/04)
2004        Mar 8, Iraq's Governing Council signed a landmark interim constitution after resolving a political impasse sparked by objections from the country's most powerful cleric.
    (AP, 3/8/04)
2004        Mar 8, Abul Abbas (56), the Palestinian who planned the 1985 hijacking of the Achille Lauro passenger ship in which a wheelchair-bound American tourist was killed and thrown overboard, died of natural causes in Baghdad while in U.S. custody.
    (AP, 3/10/04)
2004        Mar 8, Syrian authorities broke up a rare protest by human rights activists demanding political and civil reforms on the 41st anniversary of the ruling party's accession to power.
    (AP, 3/8/04)

2005        Mar 8, President Bush said authoritarian rule in the Middle East had begun to ease, and he insisted anew that Syria had to end its nearly three-decade occupation of Lebanon.
    (AP, 3/8/06)
2005        Mar 8, Afghan gunmen killed a British advisor in Kabul.
    (WSJ, 3/9/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 8, Bolivian lawmakers unanimously rejected a resignation offer by President Carlos Mesa, granting crucial support to his government.
    (AP, 3/9/05)(Econ, 3/12/05, p.39)
2005        Mar 8, Brazilian prosecutors formally charged four men in the death of a 73-year-old American nun who worked to defend poor rainforest communities. Rayfran Neves Salles was charged with firing the six shots that killed Dorothy Stang. Clodoaldo Batista was charged as an accomplice. Two other men, Amair Feijoli and Vitalmiro Moura, were charged with homicide.
    (AP, 3/8/05)
2005        Mar 8, China unveiled the Taiwan Anti-Secession Law, authorizing an attack if Taiwan moves toward formal independence, increasing pressure on the self-ruled island while warning other countries not to interfere.
    (AP, 3/8/05)(Econ, 4/7/12, p.30)
2005        Mar 8, In Guatemala City hundreds of protesters blocked lawmakers from voting on a free-trade agreement between Central America and the US and authorities said they were prepared to send troops if the demonstrations continued.
    (AP, 3/8/05)
2005        Mar 8, In Iraq clashes erupted between US troops and insurgents in the city of Ramadi, leaving at least two people dead.
    (AP, 3/8/05)
2005        Mar 8, Kosovo's PM Ramush Haradinaj resigned after being indicted by the U.N. war crimes tribunal for his alleged part in atrocities during the fight against Serb forces.
    (AP, 3/8/05)
2005        Mar 8, In Lebanon nearly 500,000 pro-Syrian protesters waved flags and chanted anti-American slogans in a central Beirut square, answering a nationwide call by the militant Shiite Muslim Hezbollah group.
    (AP, 3/8/05)
2005        Mar 8, Nepali police arrested nearly two dozen activists, including former ministers, as they rallied in the Himalayan kingdom's capital on in one of the biggest protests since King Gyanendra seized power last month.
    (AP, 3/8/05)
2005        Mar 8, The parliament of Nigeria, Africa's most-indebted nation, passed a nonbinding resolution demanding Nigeria stop repaying its $35 billion foreign debt.
    (AP, 3/9/05)
2005        Mar 8, A spokesman for Russian forces said Chechen rebel leader Aslan Maskhadov has been killed. Russia had offered a $10 million reward.
    (AP, 3/8/05)(WSJ, 3/16/05, p.A1)(Econ, 3/12/05, p.84)
2005        Mar 8, In Madrid, Spain, a summit on terrorism opened.
    (AP, 3/8/05)

2006        Mar 8, Six months after Hurricane Katrina, President Bush got a close-up look at the remaining mountains of debris, abandoned homes and boarded-up businesses in New Orleans. The Hornets played their first game at The New Orleans Arena since Katrina; they lost to the Los Angeles Lakers, 113-107.
    (AP, 3/8/07)
2006        Mar 8, US federal law enforcement officials arrested 3 college students, Matthew Lee Cloyd (20), Benjamin Nathan Moseley (19) and Russell Lee DeBusk Jr. (19), for the string of church arsons that destroyed or damaged nine rural churches in Alabama last month.
    (AP, 3/8/06)(SFC, 3/9/06, p.A4)
2006        Mar 8, NFL owners agreed to the players' union proposal, extending the collective bargaining agreement for six years.
    (AP, 3/8/07)
2006        Mar 8, Researchers reported that single viral gene nef played a significant role in the pathogenesis of AIDS.
    (http://tinyurl.com/zmdlv)(Econ, 6/17/06, p.87)
2006        Mar 8, In eastern Afghanistan suspected Taliban rebels hiding in a walled compound battled with security forces, and a militant and a woman were killed.
    (AP, 3/9/06)
2006        Mar 8, Argentina suspended most beef exports for at least 180 days to prevent surging int’l. beef prices from pushing local prices beyond the power of Argentine families. Exceptions included the EU due to a quota program and countries with bilateral beef-import accords.
    (WSJ, 3/10/06, p.A15)
2006        Mar 8, Thousands of women from villages and cities across patriarchal Asia took to the streets for International Women's Day to press for freedom, equal rights and an end to discriminatory laws.
    (AP, 3/8/06)
2006        Mar 8, Brazil’s central bank dropped its benchmark interest rate by .75% to 16.5%.
    (WSJ, 3/10/06, p.A15)
2006        Mar 8, In Brazil about 2,000 highly organized farm workers, mostly women, invaded a plantation owned by a big paper and pulp company about 700 miles south of Sao Paulo. They uprooted saplings and destroyed a laboratory in an environmental rampage. Via Campesina said it organized the invasion "to denounce the social and environmental impact of the growing green desert created by eucalyptus monoculture."
    (AP, 3/8/06)
2006        Mar 8, Britain issued new rules for diplomats to stop the publishing of tell-all memoirs such as a recent portrayal of Prime Minister Tony Blair as starstruck and senior ministers as "political pygmies."
    (AP, 3/8/06)
2006        Mar 8, Chinese officials promised to crack down on seizures of farmland for redevelopment that were fueling unrest, saying as many as 1 million farmers lose their land each year and are paid too little for it. Communist leaders launched China's most ambitious initiative in decades, promising billions of dollars in social spending and farm aid to help the 800 million people in its neglected countryside catch up with its booming cities.
    (AP, 3/8/06)(AP, 3/10/06)
2006        Mar 8, Xinhua News reported that a court in southern China has sentenced 16 officials to jail terms of up to six years in connection with The Aug 7, 2005, coal mine flood that killed 123 people.
    (AP, 3/8/06)
2006        Mar 8, In Ecuador soldiers fired tear gas to disperse rock-throwing oil workers, hours after President Alfredo Palacio declared a state of emergency in three jungle provinces to quell a strike and regain control of oil installations.
    (AP, 3/8/06)
2006        Mar 8, French government attempts to stop Internet users downloading music and movies ratcheted up a notch when Interior Minister Nicolas Sarkozy blasted the widespread practice as theft.
    (AFP, 3/8/06)
2006        Mar 8, A German minister claimed that deadly bird flu was moving closer to infecting humans in Europe after two more cats died of the virus. China reported its 10th human fatality.
    (AFP, 3/8/06)
2006        Mar 8, Iran threatened the US with "harm and pain" for its role in hauling Tehran before the UN Security Council over its nuclear program. America's ambassador to the United Nations said Iran's comments reflected the menace it poses.
    (AP, 3/8/06)
2006        Mar 8, In Baghdad, Iraq, gunmen in camouflage uniforms stormed the offices of a private security company and kidnapped as many as 50 employees. Police found the bodies of four handcuffed and strangled men in an open field in east Baghdad. Another body, shot in the head, was found near a shop in an eastern suburb. Bombings, gunfire and other violence claimed at least seven other lives.
    (AP, 3/8/06)
2006        Mar 8-2006 Mar 9, In Japan 9 people in two groups were found asphyxiated in sealed cars, apparently the latest cases of group suicides that have surged there. A record 91 people died in 34 Internet-linked suicide cases last year, up from 55 people in 19 cases in 2004.
    (AP, 3/10/06)
2006        Mar 8, A Jordanian military court convicted 11 militants, including five fugitives, of running a network that recruited and smuggled fighters into Iraq to attack US forces.
    (AP, 3/8/06)
2006        Mar 8, In Kuwait Mishaal al-Shimmiri, a Muslim fundamentalist convicted in absentia and sentenced to 10 years in prison for belonging to a terrorist group, turned himself in to an appeals court hearing a case that stemmed from clashes with police in Jan 2005.
    (AP, 3/9/06)
2006        Mar 8, Malaysia and the US announced that they have agreed to begin negotiating a free trade deal to eliminate trade barriers between the two nations.
    (AP, 3/8/06)
2006        Mar 8, In Nigeria government sources said the head of the Nigerian military in the oil-producing Niger Delta has been removed from his post on suspicion of involvement in the theft of crude oil. Militants killed at least 5 soldiers in a firefight during an attack by the army in the southern Niger Delta.
    (Reuters, 3/9/06)(AFP, 3/9/06)
2006        Mar 8, Train services linking Pakistan with neighboring Iran were suspended indefinitely following bombings and rocket attacks on the rail in southwestern Pakistan.
    (AP, 3/8/06)
2006        Mar 8, Legislators of Sark, a tiny self-governing island in the English Channel, voted to swap its feudal government for democracy. After around 450 years of rule almost exclusively by landowners, the smallest independent state in the British commonwealth will allow each of the 600 residents to stand for election.
    (AP, 3/8/06)
2006        Mar 8, Western powers sought to persuade Sudan to agree to a weak African Union peacekeeping force being turned into a more robust UN mission to stop killing in the Darfur region. Thousands of Sudanese protested in Khartoum against any deployment of UN troops in Darfur.
    (Reuters, 3/8/06)
 2006        Mar 8, In Kampala, Uganda, a church wall collapsed during a thunderstorm. 23 people were killed and nearly 100 injured. A criminal investigation was launched the next day.
    (AP, 3/9/06)

2007        Mar 8, President Bush opened a weeklong tour of Latin America in Brazil. Police clashed with students, environmentalists and left-leaning Brazilians protesting Bush’s visit and his push for an ethanol energy alliance. Local news media said at least 18 people were hurt and news photographs showed injured people being carried away.
    (AP, 3/8/07)(AP, 3/9/07)
2007        Mar 8, House Democrats unveiled legislation that would require the withdrawal of US combat troops from Iraq by the fall of 2008; the White House said President Bush would veto it.
    (AP, 3/8/08)
2007        Mar 8, In his first news conference since taking over command of US forces in Iraq, Gen. David Petraeus said insurgents were seeking to intensify attacks and that additional US forces would be sent to areas where militant groups were regrouping.
    (AP, 3/8/08)
2007        Mar 8, Winners were announced for the annual Ted Prize at the annual TED conference in Monterey, Ca., where attendees examined technology, entertainment and design.
    (SSFC, 3/11/07, p.D1)(www.ted.com/ted2007/)
2007        Mar 8, Dr. Martin Wikelski of Princeton Univ. along with colleagues proposed a satellite tracking system, the International Cooperation for Animal Research Using Space (ICARUS), based on one gram transmitters for the study of animal behavior.
    (Econ, 3/10/07, p.80)
2007        Mar 8, In Hawaii a tour helicopter crashed at an airport on the island of Kauai, killing four people and critically injuring three.
    (AP, 3/9/07)
2007        Mar 8, Fugitive Afghan rebel leader Gulbuddin Hekmatyar used a video to tell The Associated Press that his forces have ended cooperation with the Taliban and suggested that he was open to talks with embattled President Hamid Karzai. In northern Afghanistan gunmen killed a German aid worker and robbed his three Afghan colleagues. A suicide bomber targeting a NATO convoy wounded five civilians in the country's south.
    (AP, 3/8/07)(AP, 3/8/07)
2007        Mar 8, In Argentina a federal judge ordered former de facto president Reynaldo Bignone arrested in connection with human rights abuses stemming from the 1976-83 dictatorship.
    (AP, 3/9/07)
2007        Mar 8, At least two people were killed when a cyclone slammed into Australia's northwest coast, paralyzing mining operations and leaving a trail of destruction in its wake.
    (AFP, 3/9/07)
2007        Mar 8, In Austria delegates to a 35-nation meeting of the International Atomic Energy Agency approved the suspension of nearly two dozen nuclear technical aid programs to Iran as part of UN sanctions imposed because its nuclear defiance.
    (AP, 3/8/07)
2007        Mar 8, The security forces of Bangladesh's emergency interim government arrested six politicians over corruption allegations. They included Tarique Rahman, the son of former prime minister Khaleda Zia, dubbed “Mr Ten Per Cent" for his alleged cut in almost any deal done by his mother’s government.
    (AP, 3/8/07)(Econ, 3/10/07, p.39)
2007        Mar 8, The British government bowed to pressure to improve conditions for Nepalese Gurkha soldiers who have served in the British armed forces for two centuries, granting them full pensions and other rights. Gurkhas began serving as part of the Indian army in British-run India in 1815. Since Indian independence in 1947, Gurkha pensions have been linked to those who served in the Indian army, not those in the British army.
    (AFP, 3/8/07)
2007        Mar 8, British actor John Inman (71), best known for his role as camp shop assistant Mr Humphries in the long-running BBC comedy "Are You Being Served?" died.
    (Reuters, 3/8/07)
2007        Mar 8, The first regularly scheduled civilian passenger flight in six years arrived at Chechnya's main airport, in what officials say is yet another sign that normalcy has returned to the war-wracked Russian region.
    (AP, 3/8/07)
2007        Mar 8, Chinese lawmakers formally introduced a hotly debated law to protect private property, saying that personal wealth in an increasingly prosperous China requires legal safeguards.
    (AP, 3/8/07)
2007        Mar 8, The European Central Bank raised its key interest rate a quarter percentage point to 3.75%, a move aimed at keeping growth from moving too quickly.
    (AP, 3/8/07)
2007        Mar 8, In Greece rioters protesting education reforms battled police for more than three hours, hurling Molotov cocktails and vandalizing businesses in central Athens, leaving more than 40 people injured.
    (AP, 3/8/07)
2007        Mar 8, PM Shinzo Abe said that ruling party lawmakers will conduct a fresh investigation into the Japanese military's forced sexual slavery of women during World War II.
    (AP, 3/8/07)
2007        Mar 8, Lebanese parliamentary leaders met for the first time in four months in an effort to end a power struggle that has divided the government and paralyzed the nation.
    (AP, 3/9/07)
2007        Mar 8, In Malawi Garnet Halliday (50),  a senior Australian mining executive in charge of the development of a new uranium mine, died with his pilot when his chartered light aircraft crashed.
    (AP, 3/8/07)
2007        Mar 8, Moroccan officials arrested Saad Houssaini, an alleged member of a terrorist group that is believed linked to the 2004 Madrid bombings and 2003 attacks in Casablanca.
    (AP, 3/9/07)
2007        Mar 8, The Netherlands said it has ratified an accord to open to a long-secret archive of Nazi death camp records in Germany, another step toward giving scholars access to a vast collection of historically invaluable Holocaust documents.
    (AP, 3/8/07)
2007        Mar 8, Palestinians desperate to cross into Egypt from Gaza surged toward a border terminal, throwing stones as security personnel fired their weapons to maintain control. Seven people were injured.
    (AP, 3/8/07)
2007        Mar 8, Portugal's parliament voted overwhelmingly to legalize abortion up until the 10th week of pregnancy, a major step in bringing this small Roman Catholic nation in line with most of its European neighbors.
    (AP, 3/9/07)
2007        Mar 8, In Somalia insurgents ambushed a convoy of African Union peacekeepers sent to help stabilize Mogadishu, setting off a gunfight that killed at least 12 civilians.
    (AFP, 3/8/07)
2007        Mar 8, South Africa launched a new national plan to combat one of the world's highest rates of domestic violence on International Woman's Day.
    (AFP, 3/8/07)
2007        Mar 8, Syria’s Pres. Bashar Assad inaugurated the first stage of a joint Syrian-Iranian auto factory, test-driving one of the new cars and declaring that the project will boost cooperation between the allies.
    (AP, 3/9/07)

2008        Mar 8, Calls to end forced marriage, domestic abuse and job discrimination marked International Women's Day as demonstrators took to the streets worldwide.
    (AFP, 3/8/08)
2008        Mar 8, Over 20 inches of snow in Columbus, Ohio, eclipsed the February 1910 record of 15.3 inches. At least 7 deaths were linked to the Midwest snowstorm.
    (SFC, 3/10/08, p.A6)
2008        Mar 8, Sen. Barack Obama captured the Wyoming Democratic caucuses, seizing a bit of momentum in the close, hard-fought race with rival Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton for the party's presidential nomination.
    (AP, 3/9/08)
2008        Mar 8, In Algeria Al Qaeda's wing in north Africa said in an Internet posting that it has killed 20 Algerian soldiers and wounded 30 in clashes in its eastern stronghold, where the army has launched a campaign against the rebels.
    (Reuters, 3/9/08)
2008        Mar 8, In Colombia a stadium brawl at a soccer rivalry game left about 80 people wounded in the city of Cali, 18 of them with stab wounds.
    (AP, 3/9/08)
2008        Mar 8, India awarded Russia a 965-million-dollar contract to upgrade its multi-role MiG-29 warplanes. The two post-Cold War allies signed the deal to extend the life of India's fleet of 70 MiG-29 jets another 15 years from their current 25 years.
    (AFP, 3/10/08)
2008        Mar 8, As many as 5,000 people took to the streets in Basra, protesting deteriorating security in the southern city where Iraqi forces assumed responsibility for safety last December. Two separate bombings in Diyala province left six people dead. The US military said that Iraqi security forces had discovered a mass grave near Khalis in Diyala province containing perhaps 100 bodies. Police also reported that the bullet-ridden bodies of 13 men were found near the same town.
    (AP, 3/8/08)
2008        Mar 8, It was reported that Kenya’s wild animal populations has fallen by about 70% in the last 30 years.
    (Econ, 3/8/08, p.86)
2008        Mar 8, Malaysia's ruling coalition was dealt a shock rebuke in elections that looked set to deliver the key state of Penang to the opposition as well as a slice of its majority in parliament. The National Front won only 140 seats, or 63 percent of the constituencies, losing its two-thirds majority for the first time since 1969 and slumping from its 2004 landslide victory when it won 91 percent of the seats. An alliance of three opposition parties also secured control of 5 of Malaysia’s 13 state administrations. The Democratic Action party won the Penang legislative assembly, becoming the first opposition party to win in Penang in over 40 years.
    (AFP, 3/8/08)(AP, 3/9/08)(WSJ, 3/10/08, p.A3)(Econ, 8/13/11, p.40)
2008        Mar 8, North Korea’s official news agency reported that leader Kim Jong Il hopes for stronger friendship with Syria, amid lingering suspicions of a secret nuclear connection between the two countries.
    (AP, 3/8/08)
2008        Mar 8, Rwandan President Paul Kagame announced a major cabinet reshuffle which saw the appointment of seven new ministers.
    (AFP, 3/8/08)
2008        Mar 8, Serbian PM Vojislav Kostunica announced his resignation, saying his government was no longer functioning because of disunity in the coalition.
    (Reuters, 3/8/08)
2008        Mar 8, In Turkey Iraq's Pres. Jalal Talabani, on the 2nd day of his visit, said he wants a "strategic" partnership with Turkey, including getting the neighboring nation's businesses to invest in his oil-rich but war-torn country.
    (AP, 3/8/08)

2009        Mar 8, In Illinois Pastor Fred Winters was shot and killed during his Sunday sermon at First Baptist Church in Maryville. He had deflected the first of Terry Joe Sedlacek’s four rounds with a Bible, sending a confetti-like spray of paper into the air in a horrifying scene that congregants initially thought was a skit. Churchgoers wrestled Sedlacek (27) to the ground as he waved a knife, slashing himself and two other people.
    (AP, 3/9/09)(SFC, 3/9/09, p.A4)
2009        Mar 8,    Country singer Hank Lochlin (b.1918) died at his home in Brewston, Alabama. His 70 charted singles included “Send Me the Pillow You Dream On" (1949 & 1958) and “Please Help Me, I’m Falling" (1960).
    (SFC, 3/12/09, p.B6)
2009        Mar 8, Afghan President Hamid Karzai welcomed President Barack Obama's call to identify moderate elements of the Taliban and encourage them to reconcile with the Afghan government. In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb exploded, killing a Canadian soldier and wounding four others in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 3/8/09)(AP, 3/9/09)
2009        Mar 8, In Argentina Matthew Lizotte (25) of Aspen, Colorado, died while scaling the 11,411-foot (3,480-meter) Mount Tronador in Nahuel Huapi National Park. Two unidentified students were injured when the ice bridge they were crossing broke.
    (AP, 3/9/09)
2009        Mar 8, Ali Bongo (William Oliver Wallace), English master magician, died at age 79.
    (Econ, 3/21/09, p.93)
2009        Mar 8, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan carried out their first joint counter narcotics operation.
    (AP, 3/11/09)
2009        Mar 8, The US military announced that 12,000 American and 4,000 British troops will leave Iraq by September, hours after a suicide bomber struck police and recruits lined up at the entrance of Baghdad's main academy, killing about  30 people, including 5 police officers.
    (AP, 3/8/09)(SFC, 3/9/09, p.A2)
2009        Mar 8, Kim Jong Il was unanimously re-elected to North Korea's rubber-stamp parliament. Outside observers watched closely for hints leader Kim Jong Il may be grooming a successor.
    (AP, 3/8/09)(AP, 3/9/09)
2009        Mar 8, Sudan's Pres. Omar al-Bashir threatened to kick out more aid groups and expel diplomats and peacekeepers during his first trip to the beleaguered Darfur region after an international court indicted him on war crimes.
    (AP, 3/8/09)
2009        Mar 8, Off southern Thailand a 60-foot (18-metre) diving boat, carrying 30 people including 19 foreigners, was reported missing in the Similan islands. Police and navy rescued 23 passengers and crew the next day but two Swiss nationals, two Austrians, a Japanese, a German and a Thai member of the crew remained missing. The body of one woman was found on March 10.
    (AFP, 3/10/09)

2010        Mar 8, The resignation of New York Rep. Eric Massa (50) took effect following an ethics investigation. He had earlier cited health reasons but added that Democratic House leadership forced him out due to his opposition last November to the House version of the Health Care bill.
    (SFC, 3/9/10, p.A4)
2010        Mar 8, In California GOP State Sen. Roy Ashburn (55) announced that he was gay on a Kern County radio station. 5 days earlier he was arrested in Sacramento on suspicion of drunk driving.
    (SFC, 3/10/10, p.A10)
2010        Mar 8, AIG agreed to sell its Alico unit to NY-based MetLife for $15.5 billion.
    (Econ, 3/13/10, p.79)
2010        Mar 8, Gerald Flamm (93), former newspaper reporter, died at Stanford, Ca. His books included “Good Life in Hard Times" (1977), a look at the Bay Area during the Great Depression, and “Hometown San Francisco" (1994).
    (SFC, 3/12/10, p.C6)
2010        Mar 8, In Alaska the body of rural teacher Candice Berner (32) was found a mile outside of Chignik Lake. Wolf tracks surrounded the body.
    (SFC, 3/12/10, p.A8)
2010        Mar 8, In Australia Royal Dutch Shell and PetroChina joined forces for a 2.96 billion US dollar bid for Australia's Arrow Energy, hoping for a bigger slice of the country's booming liquefied natural gas (LNG) sector.
    (AP, 3/8/10)
2010        Mar 8, In Afghanistan a pair of would-be suicide bombers armed with automatic rifles tried to storm government buildings in Khost, but were killed in a shoot-out with police.
    (AFP, 3/8/10)
2010        Mar 8, The EU said it plans to create a European Monetary Fund to better coordinate the economies of the 16 countries that use the euro and prevent financial debacles such as the Greek debt crisis from undermining the credibility of Europe's single currency.
    (AP, 3/8/10)
2010        Mar 8, In Haiti US missionary Charisa Coulter (24), held for more than a month on kidnapping charges, was released from prison, while Laura Silsby (40), the leader of her Baptist group, remained in custody.
    (AP, 3/9/10)
2010        Mar 8, In Iraq 2 American soldiers died in a vehicle accident.
    (AP, 3/9/10)
2010        Mar 8, Israel said it has given the green light for the building of 112 new homes in a Jewish settlement in the occupied West Bank despite a partial moratorium on such construction.
    (AFP, 3/8/10)
2010        Mar 8, David Kimche, a British-born Israeli spy-turned-diplomat, died in Israel. He played a key role in the Iran-contra scandal that rocked President Ronald Reagan's administration.
    (AP, 3/9/10)
2010        Mar 8, Myanmar announced the enactment of long awaited laws that set the stage for the country's first election in 20 years to be held sometime this year.
    (AP, 3/8/10)
2010        Mar 8, Pakistani officials said an American member of al-Qaida was picked up in a raid in the southern city of Karachi, but reversed earlier assertions that the detained man was the terror network's US-born spokesman. They identified the suspect as Abu Yahya Majadin Adam. A suicide car bomber struck a building where police interrogate high-value suspects in the eastern city of Lahore, killing 13 people and wounding 61 more including women taking children to school.
    (AP, 3/8/10)
2010        Mar 8, Portugal announced new austerity measures to avoid a debt crisis like the one engulfing Greece, cutting welfare benefits and government hiring as well as selling assets and raising taxes on the well-off.
    (AP, 3/8/10)
2010        Mar 8, In South Africa hip-hop artist Molemo Maarohanye, known as "Jub Jub," (Marshmallow) was involved in a drag race that left 4 children dead. He and another defendant, Themba Tshabalala, tested positive for cocaine and morphine. On March 19 Maarohanye was freed on $ 1,300 bail, as protesters chanted for their execution.
    (AP, 3/19/10)
2010        Mar 8, In Togo security forces blocked off three roads leading to the opposition party headquarters, a day after the group had staged protests claiming presidential elections last week were rigged to favor the son of the country's longtime dictator.
    (AP, 3/8/10)
2010        Mar 8, In Turkey a 5.9 magnitude, pre-dawn earthquake struck near the village of Basyurt in the remote, sparsely populated area of eastern Elazig province. 51 people were killed as it knocked down stone and mud-brick houses and minarets in at least six villages.
    (AP, 3/8/10)(SFC, 3/9/10, p.A2)

2011        Mar 8, The US government gave permission to eight more airports to offer direct charter flights to and from Cuba in the latest small opening in the 49-year-long trade embargo against the communist island.
    (AP, 3/9/11)
2011        Mar 8, In southern California hundreds of thousands, possibly millions, of sardines floated dead in the King Harbor area of Redondo Beach. Authorities said a storm had chased the sardines toward shore where they died due to a lack of oxygen. The millions of sardines  soon tested positive for domoic acid, a powerful neurotoxin. This acid is often found in the stomach of fish that have been feeding on plankton during toxic algae blooms.
    (SFC, 3/9/11, p.A9)(AP, 3/12/11)
2011        Mar 8, In Missouri a US federal marshal was shot and killed in St. Louis while trying to arrest a suspect on assault and drug charges. 2 other officers were wounded and the suspect was killed.
    (SFC, 3/9/11, p.A6)
2011        Mar 8, In Cleveland, Ohio, the prosecutor's office charged Joseph Harwell with six counts of aggravated murder, two counts of rape and six counts of kidnapping in the deaths of Mary Thomas (27) in 1989 and Tondilear Harge (33) in 1996. Harwell had already pleaded guilty to fatally strangling a woman near Columbus in 1997 and was currently serving 15 years to life at a prison in Mansfield.
    (AP, 3/9/11)
2011        Mar 8, The Archdiocese of Philadelphia said it has suspended 21 priests from active ministry in connection with a grand jury’s Feb 10 accusations that they sexually abused or otherwise acted inappropriately with minors.
    (SFC, 3/9/11, p.A5)
2011        Mar 8, In central Pennsylvania a farmhouse fire killed 7 of 8 children of Theodore and Janelle Clouse. A propane heater was suspected as the cause.
    (SFC, 3/10/11, p.A8)
2011        Mar 8, In Algeria a bomb struck a vehicle of bird hunters and killed five of them, in the deadliest attack in months as the country battles unrest blamed on Islamist militants.
    (AFP, 3/9/11)
2011        Mar 8, A Bangladeshi court upheld an order removing Nobel Peace Prize winner Muhammad Yunus as head of the microlending bank he founded, a move his allies say was prompted by a government vendetta over his political ambitions.
    (Reuters, 3/8/11)
2011        Mar 8, In Colombia suspected leftist rebels released 22 of 23 Colombian contractors abducted a day earlier while doing exploratory work in a remote jungle region for the Canadian oil company Talisman.
    (AP, 3/8/11)
2011        Mar 8, The International Court of Justice ordered both Costa Rica and Nicaragua to keep all military, police and civilian personnel out of a disputed border region along the San Juan river that separates them.
    (AP, 3/8/11)
2011        Mar 8, An Egyptian court rejected an appeal by ousted President Hosni Mubarak and his family against a top prosecutor's move to seize funds that could total in the billions of dollars. Clashes also broke out when a Muslim mob attacked thousands of Christians protesting the burning of a Cairo church. At least 13 people were killed and some 140 wounded.
    (AP, 3/8/11)(AP, 3/9/11)
2011        Mar 8, In Egypt a protest by hundreds of women demanding equal rights and an end to sexual harassment turned violent when crowds of men heckled and shoved the demonstrators, telling them to go home where they belong.
    (AP, 3/8/11)
2011        Mar 8, The European Union agreed to slap new sanctions on Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi's regime, notably targeting the Libyan Investment Authority (LIA), the overseas investment vehicle for Tripoli's oil revenues.
    (AFP, 3/8/11)
2011        Mar 8, Guatemala's first lady, Sandra Torres de Colom, announced that she will be the presidential candidate of the governing National Unity for Hope party in the September election.
    (AP, 3/22/11)
2011        Mar 8, Iran’s former President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani lost his position as the head of a powerful clerical body charged with choosing or dismissing Iran's supreme leader.
    (AP, 3/8/11)
2011        Mar 8, Italian police picked up 31 suspects in a major crackdown on the 'ndrangheta crime syndicate. 6 suspects, all Italian citizens, were apprehended in Germany on an Italian-issued European arrest warrant. 3 suspects in Canada and one in Australia were still being sought. Among those picked up in Italy was Francesco Maisano, a boss who tried to hide in an underground bunker when police raided his home.
    (AP, 3/8/11)
2011        Mar 8, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu vowed that Israeli troops would remain on the border between Jordan and the West Bank under any future peace deal with the Palestinians.
    (AFP, 3/8/11)
2011        Mar 8, In Ivory Coast soldiers backing rogue leader Laurent Gbagbo opened fire on civilians again, killing at least four people hours after hundreds took to the streets to protest the deaths of seven women gunned down at a march last week.
    (AP, 3/8/11)
2011        Mar 8, In Kuwait police barricaded the main Safat Square in Kuwait City before planned protests for greater political freedoms that could bring another Gulf state into the surge for reforms around the Arab world.
    (AP, 3/8/11)
2011        Mar 8, Libyan warplanes launched at least five new airstrikes near rebel positions in the oil port of Ras Lanouf, keeping up a counteroffensive to prevent the opposition from advancing toward leader Moammar Gadhafi's stronghold in the capital Tripoli. Gadhafi loyalists recaptured Zawiya, the city closest to Tripoli that had fallen into opposition hands after heavy shelling by tank artillery and mortars. The conflict, entering its third week, has left at least 1,000 people dead, including many civilians.
    (AP, 3/8/11)(AFP, 3/8/11)
2011        Mar 8, Trading sources said Libyan oil trade has been paralyzed as banks decline to clear payments in dollars due to US sanctions. An official with a subsidiary of Libya's national oil company said that production has dropped by about 90 percent.
    (Reuters, 3/8/11)(AP, 3/8/11)
2011        Mar 8, Former Malaysian PM Mahathir Mohamad released his memoir, "A Doctor In The House," defending decisions he made during a 22-year rule that critics say was marred by human rights abuses.
    (AP, 3/8/11)
2011        Mar 8, Legislators from all of Mexico's three major parties in congress called for a joint US-Mexico working group to examine accusations that US federal agents allowed hundreds of guns to flow into Mexico. Lawmakers were up in arms over the recent revelation that the US Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) purposefully allowed some weapons to be smuggled south of the border so it could track them as part of "Operation Fast and Furious."
    (AP, 3/8/11)(SFC, 3/11/11, p.A2)
2011        Mar 8, In Mexico’s gunmen sprayed the crowded parking lot of a bar with bullets, killing at least 6 people in Mazatlan. In Guerrero state soldiers killed 6 suspected drug gang members in a shootout at their cave hide-out. Journalist Noel Lopez disappeared after when he was heading to the town of Soteapan, Veracruz state. On May 31 his body was found buried in a clandestine grave in the town of Chinameca. Soldiers found his body after a man they arrested in the killings of several police officers confessed to the crime and led them to the body.
    (AP, 3/9/11)(AP, 6/2/11)
2011        Mar 8, Mexico's navy said a sardine fishing boat is feared sunk in the Pacific after searchers found the bodies of four crewmen. Five others remained missing. It last made contact the night of March 5 and failed to arrive in port the next morning.
    (AP, 3/8/11)
2011        Mar 8, Authorities in Myanmar announced a ban on massage parlors and restrictions on restaurants and karaoke lounges in the country's remote capital, Naypyitaw, in a bid to curb disguised prostitution.
    (AP, 3/21/11)
2011        Mar 8, In Oman more than 150 protesters rallied peacefully outside the state television headquarters in the capital Muscat to call for greater press freedoms.
    (AP, 3/8/11)
2011        Mar 8, In Pakistan the Taliban detonated a car bomb in the Punjabi city of Faisalabad killing at least 24 people and wounding more than 132 people in an attack they said targeted the offices of the country's main intelligence agency. Missiles from an unmanned US drone killed five alleged militants in the South Waziristan region.
    (AP, 3/8/11)(SFC, 3/9/11, p.A2)
2011        Mar 8, Palestinian women took to the streets to call for unity and an end to the Israeli occupation in a series of rallies called to mark International Women's Day.
    (AP, 3/8/11)
2011        Mar 8, In Scotland Ezedden Khalid Ahmed Al Khaledi (30) was arrested on suspicion of aiding a suicide bomber who had targeted Christmas shoppers in Sweden's capital on Dec 11.
    (AP, 3/14/11)
2011        Mar 8, Sudanese riot police arrested more than 40 women minutes after they started a protest against rape and rights abuses in the Khartoum suburb of Omdurman.
    (Reuters, 3/8/11)
2011        Mar 8, In Yemen tens of thousands took to the streets in the cities of the southern Ibb province, calling on the government to bring to justice those responsible for a deadly attack there on March 6 by what opposition activists said were "government thugs." In Dhamar province thousands took to the streets calling for the ouster of Pres. Saleh. There were large demonstrations also in the provinces of Shabwa, Hadramawt and Taiz.
    (AP, 3/8/11)
2011        Mar 8, PM Morgan Tsvangirai said Zimbabwe will use revenue from diamond sales to repay part of its external debt totaling $7.1 billion. Tsvangirai told potential foreign investors not to fear an "ambush" election to replace the country's shaky power-sharing government.
    (Reuters, 3/8/11)(AFP, 3/8/11)

2012        Mar 8, In California retired El Dorado County sheriff’s deputy Donald Philip Atkinson (50) was arrested for embezzling over $300,000 from his union from 2005-2011. He had served as the president of the El Dorado County Sheriff’s Association. On July 30 Atkinson was sentenced to 5 years in prison.
    (SFC, 3/9/12, p.C3)(SFC, 7/31/12, p.C4)
2012        Mar 8, In Pennsylvania John Shick (30) opened fire at a psychiatric clinic at the Univ. of Pittsburgh killing Michael Schaab (25) and wounding 6 others before killing himself.
    (SFC, 3/9/12, p.A6)(SFC, 3/10/12, p.A5)
2012        Mar 8, In Egypt a trial against foreign non-profit groups reopened. Robert Becker, the last American facing criminal charges in the trial, appeared in court. 15 other Americans had already left Egypt, but Becker chose to stay and face charges.
    (SFC, 3/9/12, p.A2)
2012        Mar 8, The Israeli daily Maariv reported that the United States has offered Israel advanced weaponry in return for it committing not to attack Iran's nuclear facilities this year. In return Israel would agree to put off a possible attack on Iran till 2013.
    (AFP, 3/8/12)
2012        Mar 8, Kenya sacked 25,000 nurses taking part in a strike, creating a potentially devastating shortage. The nurses went on strike on March 1 to protest the government's failure to implement a salary increase agreed last year.
    (AFP, 3/9/12)
2012        Mar 8, Libyan militias, who helped oust Moamer Kadhafi, promised to turn over to the interim government strategic sites, such as airports and border crossings, that they have held since capturing them in last year's uprising.
    (AFP, 3/8/12)
2012        Mar 8, In Mexico the bodies of 4 youths, ranging in age from 14 to 21, were found in plastic bags on a Cuernavaca street along with a threatening note from a drug gang. Photos from the scene showed a handless arm lying near the handwritten note.
    (AP, 3/9/12)
2012        Mar 8, It was reported that the ecosystem of Xochimilco, the floating gardens of Mexico city, is crashing. The UN World Heritage Site’s last water source was now only wastewater from treatment plants.
    (SFC, 3/9/12, p.A2)
2012        Mar 8, Mozambique police stormed a camp of about 300 armed opposition supporters in the north, arresting 20 and wounding two in Nampula.
    (AP, 3/8/12)
2012        Mar 8, In Nigeria a British-Nigerian operation involving 100 troops, military trucks and a helicopter attempted to rescue a pair of British and Italian hostages. At least two hostage-takers were killed in the operation in Sokoto. Italian engineer Franco Lamolinara (48) and his British colleague Chris McManus (28) were shot by their captors. Italy’s PM Monti was only informed by Britain’s PM Cameron once the operation was under way. The two hostages were kidnapped by heavily armed men who stormed their apartment in Kebbi state in May 2011. Nigerian authorities detained five Islamist militants suspected of involvement in the kidnapping.
    (AFP, 3/9/12)(AP, 3/9/12)Reuters, 3/10/12)
2012        Mar 8, Pakistan's top court told PM Gilani to ask Switzerland to reopen corruption cases against President Asif Ali Zardari, demanding a compliance report be submitted by March 21.
    (AFP, 3/8/12)
2012        Mar 8, Pakistan’s interior minister said Osama bin Laden's three widows have been charged with illegally entering and living in the country.
    (AP, 3/8/12)
2012        Mar 8, A Palestinian was shot dead by Israeli troops after stabbing an Israeli soldier in Yatta village in the southern West Bank. Some 50 Palestinian women demanding the release of Hana Shalabi, a hunger-striking detainee, clashed with Israeli troops in the West Bank. On March 29 Shalabi agreed to end her hunger strike following an agreement with Israeli authorities under which she will be exiled to the Gaza Strip.
    (AFP, 3/8/12)(SFC, 3/9/12, p.A2)(AFP, 3/29/12)
2012        Mar 8, South Africa's government insisted it would go ahead with plans to set highway tolls, despite threats of more protests a day after tens of thousands of people marched against the scheme.
    (AFP, 3/8/12)
2012        Mar 8, South Africa apologized for barring 125 Nigerians from the country and unveiled new immigration procedures aimed at ending a diplomatic row between the continent's two powerhouses. Immigration officials at Johannesburg's main airport on March 2 refused entry to Nigerians, on the pretext that their yellow fever vaccination cards might be fake.
    (AFP, 3/8/12)
2012        Mar 8, Two Syrian generals, a colonel and two sergeants defected to Turkey.
    (AP, 3/9/12)
2012        Mar 8, Taiwanese pork farmers pelted police with rotten eggs and animal feces as anger over policies on US meat imports sparked a mass protest. Thousands of protesters gathered in downtown Taipei to voice fears that President Ma Ying-jeou's government will lift a ban on US pork treated with ractopamine, a controversial additive used to promote lean meat. Early this week the government announced a plan to lift a ban on ractopamine-treated US beef. But a government guarantee to keep a ban on US pork containing the additive failed to convince the pig farmers.
    (AFP, 3/8/12)
2012        Mar 8, In Thailand a fire at a high-rise hotel in Bangkok's main tourist district sent smoke billowing through the upper floors, killing at least one foreigner and injuring almost two dozen other people.
    (AP, 3/9/12)
2012        Mar 8, Turkey's air force carried out air strikes on border areas of north Iraq.
    (AFP, 3/9/12)
2012        Mar 8, UNESCO's governing board voted for the UN's educational body to go ahead with a controversial prize financed by Equatorial Guinea's President Teodoro Obiang Nguema.
    (AFP, 3/8/12)

2013        Mar 8, A commercial Beechcraft 1900 cargo plane crashed in southwestern Alaska. The bodies of the pilot Jeff Day (38) and co-pilot Neil Jensen (20) were found the next day.
    (SSFC, 3/10/13, p.A8)
2013        Mar 8, In southern California a gunmen killed 2 people, opened fire on police and holed himself up in a home in the Watts neighborhood of Las Angeles before killing himself in what began as a domestic dispute.
    (SFC, 3/9/13, p.A4)
2013        Mar 8, South Dakota Gov. Dennis Daugaard signed a bill that will allow teachers to carry guns in the classroom.
    (SFC, 3/9/13, p.A4)
2013        Mar 8, In eastern Afghanistan 3 men wearing Afghan army uniforms and driving an Afghan army vehicle forced their way onto a US base midday and opened fire, killing a civilian contractor and wounding other US troops in Kapisa province. Afghan police said 5 officers were killed by homemade bombs while carrying out a poppy eradicating campaign in Farah province. 4 Taliban were killed in the ensuing firefight.
    (AP, 3/8/13)(SFC, 3/9/13, p.A2)
2013        Mar 8, In Argentina former Pres. Carlos Menem (82) and 11 others were found guilty by an appeals court of smuggling weapons to Ecuador and Croatia in violations of int’l. embargoes in the 1990s. Menem had been acquitted in 2011.
    (SFC, 3/9/13, p.A2)
2013        Mar 8, British police in London arrested Muslim cleric Abu Qatada (52), who has been described as a key al-Qaida operative in Europe, following a series of raids by counterterrorism police, three days before the government's latest court bid to extradite him to Jordan.
    (AP, 3/9/13)
2013        Mar 8, Egypt's police forces withdrew from the streets of Port Said on the Suez Canal, handing over security to the military after nearly a week of deadly clashes that have killed 8 people, including 2 security officials.
    (AP, 3/8/13)
2013        Mar 8, In Germany Ewald-Heinrich von Kleist (b.1922), the last surviving member of a group of officers who tried and failed to assassinate Hitler on July 20, 1944, died in Munich.
    (SFC, 3/13/13, p.A3)
2013        Mar 8, Iraqi Agricultural Minister Izzeddin al-Dolah announced his resignation after police opened fire on Sunni demonstrators in Mosul, killing one protester and wounding 5 others.
    (SFC, 3/9/13, p.A2)
2013        Mar 8, Israeli police entered a hilltop site in Jerusalem, known to Jews as the Temple Mount and to Muslims as the Noble Sanctuary, where the Al-Aqsa Mosque stands, to disperse hundreds of Palestinians who were throwing rocks.
    (AP, 3/8/13)
2013        Mar 8, In Kenya the latest vote tally by the election commission showed Uhuru Kenyatta with 50.5 percent of the vote. The Kenyatta family reportedly owned half a million acres, according to the Kenya Land Alliance pressure group, along with interests in banking, property, hotels, an airline and a TV network.
    (AP, 3/8/13)(Econ, 3/16/13, p.50)
2013        Mar 8, In Northern Ireland 5 police officers were injured in the worst rioting for weeks in Belfast in a dispute over the flying of Irish flags near a predominantly pro-British area.
    (Reuters, 3/8/13)
2013        Mar 8, In Senegal  two members of the construction crew were killed when an apartment complex collapsed in Dakar. The four-story building was only permitted to be half as tall.
    (AP, 3/9/13)
2013        Mar 8, In South Africa statistics say someone gets raped every four minutes. A woman is also killed by an intimate partner every eight hours, a probable underestimate because no perpetrator is identified in 20 percent of killings.
    (AP, 3/8/13)
2013        Mar 8, Tunisia's ruling party nominated several respected figures not aligned with political parties for key Cabinet posts, concessions to the opposition it hopes will defuse the country's political crisis.
    (AP, 3/8/13)
2013        Mar 8, In Venezuela a state funeral was held for Hugo Chavez followed by a swearing in ceremony for Vice President Nicolas Maduro as interim president.
    (AP, 3/8/13)

2014        Mar 8, In eastern Afghanistan bomb placed under the car seat of a district chief exploded, killing him and wounding six other people. 7 people, including 3 women and 2 children, were killed and eight others wounded when their car was hit by a roadside bomb while traveling in Helmand province. 2 other civilians were killed in a bombing in the Kajaki district. Security forces killed 13 Taliban insurgents in Helmand's Gereshk district.
    (AP, 3/8/14)(AP, 3/9/14)
2014        Mar 8, Gerard Mortier (70), Belgian opera director, died. His nonconformist style often grated the tradition-bound elite and who became a fiercely avant-garde impresario. He became the director of Belgium's National Operation, known as La Monnaie, in 1981, steering it away from "bourgeois" entertainment and to international recognition and acclaim.
    (AP, 3/9/14)
2014        Mar 8, In Burundi violent clashes in Bujumbura pitted opposition Movement for Solidarity and Development activists against police. 21 MSD activists were arrested.
    (AFP, 3/16/14)(Econ, 3/29/14, p.50)
2014        Mar 8, China declared a "red line" on North Korea, saying that China will not permit chaos or war on the Korean peninsula, and that peace can only come through denuclearization.
    (Reuters, 3/8/14)
2014        Mar 8, In southwest China a small plane belonging to a flight academy crashed into a farm field, killing both people on board.
    (AP, 3/8/14)
2014        Mar 8, EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton arrived in Tehran to discuss issues including Iran's disputed nuclear program, before another round of talks between Iran and world powers.
    (Reuters, 3/8/14)
2014        Mar 8, Attacks in Iraq killed 9 people, including a parliamentary candidate and four children. A suicide bomber used a stolen police Humvee to pass through a military checkpoint and set off his explosives, wounding 14 people in Ramadi.
    (AFP, 3/8/14)(AP, 3/8/14)
2014        Mar 8, The Israeli pacifist group Yesh Gvul (There is a limit) published a letter by a group of 50 Israeli teenagers informing PM Benjamin Netanyahu they will refuse to serve in the military because of its role in the occupation of Palestinian land.
    (AFP, 3/9/14)
2014        Mar 8, In Libya armed protesters controlling eastern ports said they had started independently exporting oil, bypassing the central government in a major escalation of their blockade to demand a share of the nation's petroleum wealth.
    (Reuters, 3/8/14)
2014        Mar 8, Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370 fell off radar screens less than an hour after it took off from Kuala Lumpur for Beijing. Vietnamese air force planes spotted two large oil slicks close to where the Boeing 777 went missing early today. The aircraft carried 239 people. Foreign ministry officials in Rome and Vienna confirmed that names of two nationals listed on the manifest matched passports reported stolen in Thailand. The flight was carrying 154 people from China and Taiwan, 38 Malaysians, seven Indonesians and six Australians among the 227 passengers.
    (AP, 3/8/14)(Reuters, 3/8/14)
2014        Mar 8, Russia was reported to be reinforcing its military presence in Crimea as Moscow's foreign minister ruled out any dialogue with Ukraine's new authorities, whom he dismissed as puppets. Warning shots were fired when an unarmed OSCE military observer mission was turned back while trying to cross into Ukraine's Crimea region.
    (AP, 3/8/14)(Reuters, 3/8/14)
2014        Mar 8, Sri Lankan authorities said they have halted excavations after recovering 81 skeletal remains from an unmarked mass grave atop an old burial ground in the island's former war zone.
    (AFP, 3/8/14)
2014        Mar 8, Syrian government forces seized Zara from rebels near the Lebanese border, their latest attempt to cut off opposition fighters' fluid supply lines from the country. At least 20 people were killed after gunmen loyal to Pres. Assad entered the town, one of two last strongholds for rebels along the Lebanese border leading to the city of Homs, the other being the nearby village of al-Hosn. Syrian cameraman Omar Abdelqade was killed covering clashes between government forces and opposition fighters in the eastern city of Deir al-Zor.
    (AP, 3/8/14)(Reuters, 3/9/14)(SSFC, 3/9/14, p.A6)
2014        Mar 8, Ukraine's top security body said that it and the national news agency has been hit by cyber attacks, the latest suffered by state organizations since the start of the crisis over Crimea.
    (Reuters, 3/8/14)
2014        Mar 8, In southern Yemen at least 2 soldiers and a militant were killed in a clash when militants tried to attack a military compound in Lawdar town.
    (Reuters, 3/8/14)

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