Today in History - March 9

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1451        Mar 9, Amerigo Vespucci (d.1512), Italian navigator, was born in Florence.
    (http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15384b.htm)

1496        Mar 9, Jews were expelled from Carinthia, Austria.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1497        Mar 9, Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543), Polish astronomer, made the 1st recorded astronomical observation.
    (WUD, 1994 p.322)(MC, 3/9/02)

1500        Mar 9, Pedro Cabral (~1460-1520), Portuguese navigator, departed to India. He left Lisbon with 13 ships headed for India and was blown off course.
    (www.newadvent.org/cathen/03128a.htm)(WUD, 1994 p.206)(SFC, 4/20/00, p.A14)

1522        Mar 9-16, Marten Luther preached his Invocavit.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1551        Mar 9, Emperor Charles V appointed his son Philip as heir to the throne. Don Philip was recognized as the sole heir of Charles V.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.18)(MC, 3/9/02)

1562        Mar 9, Kissing in public was banned in Naples and made punishable by death.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1564        Mar 9, David Fabricius, astronomer (discovered variable star), was born in Essen, Germany.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1566        Mar 9, David Riccio, Italian singer, secretary, lover of Mary Stuart, was murdered.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1568        Mar 9, Aloysius "Luigi" van Gonzaga, Italian prince, Jesuit, saint, was born.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1617        Mar 9, The Treaty of Stolbovo ended the occupation of Northern Russia by Swedish troops.
    (HN, 3/9/99)

1620        Mar 9, Aegidius Albertinus (59), German writer (Lucifer's Kingdom), died.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1640        Mar 9, Pierre Corneille’s "Horace," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1661        Mar 9, Cardinal Jules Mazarin (58), the chief minister of France, died, leaving King Louis the 14th in full control.
    (AP, 3/9/01)

1697        Mar 9, Czar Peter the Great began tour of West Europe. [see Mar 21]
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1701      Mar 9, In Birzai Augustus II and Russia’s Czar Peter I signed a treaty.
    (LHC,3/9/03)

1734        Mar 9, The Russians took Danzig (Gdansk) in Poland.
    (HN, 3/9/99)

1745        Mar 9, Bells for 1st American carillon were shipped from England to Boston.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1753        Mar 9, Jean-Baptiste Kleber, French general, architect, was born.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1796        Mar 9, Napoleon Bonaparte (26) married Josephine Tascher de Beauharnais (32) in Paris. The couple divorced in 1809.
    (AP, 3/9/98)(HN, 3/9/98)

1798        Mar 9, Dr. George Balfour became 1st naval surgeon in the US Navy.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1812        Mar 9, Swedish Pomerania was seized by Napoleon.
    (HN, 3/9/98)

1820        Mar 9, Congress passed the Land Act, paving the way for westward expansion.
    (HN, 3/9/99)
1820        Mar 9-11, Philippines chased out foreigners and about 125 died.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1822        Mar 9, The first patent for false teeth was requested by C. Graham of NY. [see 1882]
    (HN, 3/9/98)(MC, 3/9/02)

1824        Mar 9, Leland Stanford (d.1863), railroad builder and founder of Stanford University, was born in what was then Watervliet, New York (later the town of Colonie).
    (HN, 3/9/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leland_Stanford)

1839        Mar 9, Felix Huston Robertson (d.1928), Brig General (Confederate Army), was born.
    (MC, 3/9/02)
1839        Mar 9, Modest Petrovich Moussorgsky (Mussorgsky), Russian composer, was born (d.1881). His work included “Boris Godunov" and “Songs and Dances of Death." His work "Khovanshchina" was finished and orchestrated by Shostakovich. [see Mar 21]
    (WUD, 1994, p.936)(WSJ, 3/24/99, p.A25)(MC, 3/9/02)
1839        Mar 9, Prussian government limited the work week for children to 51 hours.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1841        Mar 9, The rebel slaves who seized a Spanish slave ship, the Amistad, two years earlier were freed by the US Supreme Court despite Spanish demands for extradition.
    (WSJ, 1/3/97, p.A7)(HN, 3/9/99)

1842        Mar 9, Giuseppe Verdi's 3rd opera "Nabucco," premiered in Milan. It became his 1st big hit.
    (WSJ, 3/21/00, p.A20)(MC, 3/9/02)

1844        Mar 9, Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Ernani," premiered in Venice.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1847        Mar 9, US forces under General Winfield Scott invaded Mexico (Mexican-American War) 3 miles south of Vera Cruz. Encountering almost no resistance from the Mexicans massed in the fortified city of Vera Cruz, by nightfall the last of Scott's 10,000 men came ashore without the loss of a single life. It was the largest amphibious landing in U.S. history until WW II. [see Mar 7]
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1848        Mar 9, Martin Pierre Joseph Marsick, composer, was born.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1850        Mar 9, Alexandre Luigini, composer, was born.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1858        Mar 9, The mailbox was patented.
    (HN, 3/9/98)

1861        Mar 9, First hostile act of the Civil War occurred when Star of the West fires on Sumter, S.C.
    (HN, 3/9/98)

1862        Mar 9, The ironclads, CSS Virginia, (formerly Merrimac) of the South, battled the USS Monitor, designed by John Ericsson, in their first battle for five hours to a draw at Hampton Roads, Va. The story is told by James Tertius deKay in his 1998 book “Monitor: The Story of the Legendary Civil War Ironclad and the Man Whose Invention Changed the Course of History."
    (SFEC, 1/18/98, Par p.16)(AP, 3/9/98)(HN, 3/9/98)

1863        Mar 9, U.S. Grant was appointed commander-in-chief of the Union forces.
    (HN, 3/9/98)

1864        Mar 9, President Abraham Lincoln officially commissioned Ulysses S. Grant the first lieutenant general in the U.S. Army since George Washington. After leading Union victories in the West in 1862-63, Lincoln gave Grant supreme command of the Union forces with the revived rank of lieutenant general.
    (HNQ, 3/13/99)

1868        Mar 9, Ambrois Thomas' opera "Hamlet" premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1873        Mar 9, Royal Canadian Mounted Police founded.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1882        Mar 9, False teeth were patented. [see 1822]
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1890        Mar 9, Vyacheslav Molotov, former Soviet Prime Minister and signer of a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany, was born.
    (HN, 3/9/99)

1892        Mar 9, David Garnett, novelist, editor (Lady into Fox), was born in England.
    (MC, 3/9/02)
1892        Mar 9, Frank Puglia, actor (Black Orchid, Jungle Book), was born in Sicily, Italy.
    (MC, 3/9/02)
1892        Mar 9, Joseph Weinheber, Austrian poet, writer (Adel und Untergang), was born.
    (MC, 3/9/02)
1892        Mar 9, Vita Sackville-West (d.1962), English poet and writer, was born. “Summer makes a silence after spring."
    (AP, 6/21/97)(HN, 3/9/01)

1893        Mar 9, Edgar Scauflaire, Belgian muralist, decorator, was born.
    (MC, 3/9/02)
1893        Mar 9, Hans Munch, composer, was born.
    (MC, 3/9/02)
1893        Mar 9, Congo cannibals killed 1000s of Arabs.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1895        Mar 9, Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian writer (Masochism), died.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1897        Mar 9, Premiere of (parts of) Gustav Mahler's 3rd Symphony in Berlin.
    (MC, 3/9/02)
1897        Mar 9, Jamal al-Din al-Afghani (b.1838), itinerant Islamic activist and British intelligence agent, died in Istanbul. He is considered as one of the founders of Islamic modernism and an advocate of pan-Islamic unity.
    (Econ, 7/28/12, p.73)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jamal-al-Din_al-Afghani)

1900        Mar 9, Aimone, duke of Spoleta-Aosta, Italian king of Croatia (1941-43), was born.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1902        Mar 9, Edward Durell Stone, US, architect (US Embassy, New Delhi), was born.
    (MC, 3/9/02)
1902        Mar 9, Will Greer, actor (Grandpa Walton-The Waltons), was born in Frankfort, Ind.
    (MC, 3/9/02)
1902        Mar 9, Composer Gustav Mahler married Alma Schindler in Vienna.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1905        Mar 9, Peter Quennell, biographer, was born.
    (HN, 3/9/01)
1905        Mar 9, Rex Warner, English poet, writer (Wild Goose Chase), was born.
    (MC, 3/9/02)
1905        Mar 9, Archeologists unearthed the royal tombs of Yua and Tua in Egypt.
    (HN, 3/9/98)

1907        Mar 9, Henry Leland Clarke, composer, was born.
    (MC, 3/9/02)
1907        Mar 9, Indiana enacted the nation’s 1st involuntary sterilization law based on eugenics. It was intended "to prevent procreation of confirmed criminals, idiots, imbeciles, and rapists." More than 30 states ended up passing compulsory sterilization laws that were eventually overturned or repealed. In 2004 Christine Rosen authored "Preaching Eugenics."
    (NH, 7/02, p.12)(WSJ, 4/22/04, p.D10)(AP, 3/9/07)

1910        Mar 9, Samuel Barber, American composer, was born. His work includes “Medea’s Meditation and Dance of Vengeance."
    (WUD, 1994, p.119)(SFC, 10/5/96, p.E1)(HN, 3/9/98)

1911        Mar 9, The funding for five new battleships was added to the British military defense budget.
    (HN, 3/9/98)

1914        Mar 9, US Sen Albert Fall (Teapot Dome) demanded the "Cubanisation of Mexico."
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1915        Mar 9, The Germans took Grodno on the Eastern Front.
    (HN, 3/9/98)

1916        Mar 9, Pancho Villa led 1,500 horsemen in a night raid on Columbus, New Mexico. 18 US soldiers and citizens were killed as the town was looted and burned. President Woodrow Wilson responded by ordering General John J. "Black Jack" Pershing to "pursue and disperse" the bandits. Wilson called out 158,664 National Guard members to deal with the situation.
    (HN, 3/9/99)(SFC, 5/17/06, p.A11)(AP, 3/9/07)
1916        Mar 9, Germany declared war on Portugal.
    (HN, 3/9/98)

1918        Mar 9, Frank Morrison Spillane (d.2006), mystery writer [Mickey Spillane], was born in Brooklyn. His Mike Hammer crime novels later sold over 200 million copies. His books included “Kiss Me Deadly" and “The Erection Set."
    (HN, 3/9/01)(SFC, 6/21/01, p.D5)(SFC, 7/18/06, p.B5)
1918        Mar 9, Russian Bolshevik Party became the Communist Party.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1922        Mar 9, Eugene O'Neill's "Hairy Ape," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1925        Mar 9, Egyptian Ministry of Public Works announced the discovery of the 5,000-year-old tomb of King Sneferu.
    (HN, 3/9/98)

1929        Mar 9, Marcel Pagnol's "Marius," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1930        Mar 9, Ornette Coleman, jazz saxophonist, was born. [see Mar 19]
    (HN, 3/9/01)

1932        Mar 9, Eamon De Valera was elected Taoiseach (prime minister) of Ireland and pledged to abolished all loyalty to the British Crown.
    (HN, 3/9/98)(http://www.clarelibrary.ie/)
1932        Mar 9, Former Chinese emperor Henry Pu-Yi was installed as head of Manchuria.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1933        Mar 9, The Emergency Banking Relief Act of 1933 was signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The Act's primary function was to prohibit the hoarding of gold coins, and did so by authorizing the United States Treasury to request all people and companies of the US to send in their gold reserves.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glass-Steagall_Act)
1933        Mar 9, Congress, called into special session by President Roosevelt, began its 100 days of enacting New Deal legislation.
    (AP, 3/9/98)

1934        Mar 9, Uri Gregarin (Yuri Gagarin), first man to orbit the Earth, was born.
    (HN, 3/9/99)

1935        Mar 9, Hermann Goering announced the existence of the German Luftwaffe (air force).
    (http://uk.encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_781532807/Wehrmacht.html)

1936        Mar 9, The German press warned that all Jews who voted in the upcoming elections would be arrested.
    (HN, 3/9/98)

1938        Mar 9, In Vienna, Kurt Schuschnigg defied the Nazis calling for a decree on independence.
    (HN, 3/9/98)

1939        Mar 9, Czech President Emil Hacha ousted pro-German Joseph Tiso as the Premier of Slovakia in order to preserve Czech unity.
    (HN, 3/9/98)

1940        Mar 9, Britain freed captured Italian coal ships on the eve of German Foreign Minister, Ribbentrop's visit to Rome.
    (HN, 3/9/98)

1941        Mar 9, Italians launched a large-scale counterattack across the center of the front against Greece, which, despite the superiority of the Italian armed forces, failed. After one week and 12,000 casualties, Mussolini called off the counterattack and left Albania 12 days later.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Greece)

1942        Mar 9, Construction of the Alaska Highway began.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1943        Mar 9, Bobby Fischer (d.2008), first American world chess champion (1972-1975), was born. He later authored “Bobby Fischer’s Games of Chess."
    (HN, 3/9/99)(SFC, 9/7/01, p.D5)(SFC, 1/19/08, p.A2)

1945        Mar 9, During World War II, 334 U.S. B29 bombers launched incendiary bomb attacks against Tokyo, Japan, causing widespread devastation.
    (HFA, '96, p.26)(AP, 3/9/98)(Econ, 10/7/06, p.52)

1947        Mar 9, Keri Hulme, New Zealand novelist (The Bone People), was born.
    (HN, 3/9/01)

1950        Mar 9, Space Patrol debuted as a local, 15-minute show that aired live five days a week in Los Angeles and ran to 1955. Norman Jolley (d.2002), evil Agent X, acted in the series and wrote scripts. Ed Kemmer (1921-2004) played Commander Buzz Corry. Joanne Jordan played the evil Queen Mirtha. It featured the voice of Dick Tufeld for its weekly introductions. In 2005 Jean-Noel Bassior authored “Space Patrol: Missions of Daring in the name of Early Television."
    (SFC, 8/23/02, p.A27)(SFC, 11/17/04, p.B8)(SFC, 10/17/08, p.B8)(SFC, 9/25/09, p.D10)(SFC, 1/30/12, p.C4)
1950        Mar 9, Willie Sutton robbed the NYC Manufacturers Bank of $64,000.
    (www.astorialic.org/topics/timeline/1950.shtml)
1950        Mar 9, Timothy John Evans (b.1924), a Welshman, was hanged in the United Kingdom for the murder of his infant daughter at 10 Rillington Place in London. In 1961 Ludovic Kennedy, Scotland-born writer, authored “10 Rillington Place," the story of Timothy Evans, who was hanged for a murder he did not commit.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timothy_Evans)

1953        Mar 9, U.S. vs. Reynolds was a landmark ruling that formally established the government's "state secrets" privilege, a privilege that has enabled federal agencies to conceal conduct, withhold documents and block troublesome civil litigation, including suits by whistle-blowers and possible victims of discrimination. It provided a fundamental basis for much of the Bush administration's response to the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, including the USA Patriot Act and the handling of terrorist suspects. [See Oct 6, 1948]
    (LAT, 4/18/04)
1953        Mar 9, Josef Stalin was buried in Moscow.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1954        Mar 9, CBS newsman Edward R. Murrow critically reviewed Wisconsin Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy's anti-Communism campaign on "See It Now." [see Mar 6]
    (AP, 3/9/98)

1956        Mar 9, British authorities arrested and deported Archbishop Makarios from Cyprus to the Seychelles. He was accused of supporting terrorists.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1250)(HN, 3/9/98)

1957        Mar 9, An 8.1 earthquake shook the Andreanof Islands, Alaska.
    (MC, 3/9/02)
1957        Mar 9, Egyptian leader Nasser barred U.N. plans to share the tolls for the use of the Suez Canal.
    (HN, 3/9/98)

1959        Mar 9, The Barbie doll was unveiled at the American Toy Fair in New York City. The Barbie Doll No. 1 was introduced by Mattel Toy Company for $3. Ruth Handler (d.2002), co-founder of Mattel, had spotted the German Bild-Lilli doll in 1956 and asked toy designer Jack Ryan (d.1991) to create a version for American girls. The first dolls were produced by Mattel Toy Co. in Hawthorne, Ca. In 1994 one sold for $4000 as a collector’s item.
    (WSJ, 12/9/94, p.R-8)(SSFC, 4/28/02, p.A2)(SFC, 5/31/05, p.E1)(WSJ, 2/18/09, p.A15)
1959        Mar 9, The 1st known radar contact was made with Venus.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1960        Mar 9, In Seattle, Wa., Clyde Shields (39), was implanted with the 1st kidney dialysis shunt developed by Dr. Belding H. Scribner (d.2003) and engineer Wayne Quinton. The process was 1st developed in the 1940s by Dr. Willem J. Kolff, but had been restricted to operating rooms. Shields lived for 11 more years.
    (SFC, 6/21/03, p.A17)
1960        Mar 9, San Francisco Mayor George Christopher visited Moscow and accepted lavish gifts from Premier Nikita Khrushchev.
    (SSFC, 3/7/10, DB p.46)

1961        Mar 9, Supremes released "I Want A Guy" & "Never Again."
    (MC, 3/9/02)
1961            Mar 9, Korabl-Sputnik-4, also known as Sputnik 9, was launched with a dog named Chernushka (Blackie) on a one orbit mission. Also onboard the spacecraft was a dummy cosmonaut, mice and a guinea pig.
    (www.spacetoday.org/Astronauts/Animals/Dogs.html)
1961        Mar 9, A mine cave-in in Japan killed 72.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1962        Mar 9, US "advisors" in South-Vietnam joined the fight.
    (MC, 3/9/02)
1962        Mar 9, Egyptian Pres. Nasser declared Gaza belongs to Palestinians.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1964        Mar 9, The US Supreme Court, in its New York Times v. Sullivan decision, ruled that public officials who charged libel could not recover damages for defamatory statements related to their official duties unless they proved actual malice on the part of the news organization.
    (AP, 3/9/04)
1964        Mar 9, A group of 5 Lakota (Sioux) Native Americans occupied Alcatraz Island in a peaceful protest. They declared that it should be a Native American cultural center and university.
    (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.7)(G, Summer ‘97, p.4)
1964        Mar 9, The first Ford Mustang rolled off the Ford assembly line.
    (HN, 3/9/98)

1966        Mar 9, In Vietnam Bennie Adkins (32) was among a handful of Americans working with troops of the South Vietnamese Civilian Irregular Defense Group at Camp A Shau when the camp was attacked by a large North Vietnamese and Viet Cong force. In 2014 Adkins was awarded the Medal of Honor for as many as 175 enemy troops killed, 18 wounds from enemy fire, 38 hours of battle, 48 hours evading the North Vietnamese troops in the bush.
    (http://tinyurl.com/myqsyue)(SFC, 9/16/14, p.A7)

1968        Mar 9, General William Westmoreland asked for 206,000 more troops in Vietnam.
    (HN, 3/9/98)

1972        Mar 9, Edwin W. Edwards began serving as governor of Louisiana and continued to Mar 10, 1980.
     (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edwin_Edwards)

1974        Mar 9, Officer Hiroo Onoda (d.2014), the last Japanese soldier operating in the Philippines, surrendered, 29 years after World War II ended. The Japanese intelligence officer and WWII holdout, came out of hiding in fatigues patched many times over, on Lubang island in the Philippines on his 52nd birthday.
    (www.einsteinsfrig.com/onoda/index.html)(AP, 1/17/14)
1974        Mar 9, Earl W. Sutherland Jr. (b.1915), US pharmacologist  and winner of the Nobel Prize in Medicine (1971), died.
    (http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1971/sutherland-cv.html)

1975        Mar 9, Iraq launched an offensive against the rebellious Kurds.
    (HN, 3/9/98)

1976        Mar 9, A ski cable car, running from Cavalese to the Alpe Cermis in the Italian Alps, crashed to the ground due to a mechanical failure and killed 42 skiers.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cavalese_cable-car_disaster_%281976%29)

1977        Mar 9, Pres. Carter proposed an end to travel restrictions to Cuba, Vietnam, N. Korea and Cambodia effective as of March 18.
    (www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/print.php?pid=7139)
1977        Mar 9, Admiral Stansfield Turner took office as head of the CIA under Pres. Carter.
    (www.espionageinfo.com/Cou-De/DCI-Director-of-the-Central-Intelligence-Agency.html)
1977        Mar 9, About a dozen armed Hanafi Muslims invaded three buildings in Washington D.C., killing one person and taking more than 130 hostages. The siege ended two days later.
    (AP, 3/9/98)
1977        Mar 9, Activist Elisabeth Kaesemann (30), a German sociologist, was abducted in Argentina. Her bullet-riddled body was later found dumped on the outskirts of Buenos Aires.
    (www.hrw.org/reports/2001/argentina/argen1201-08.htm)

1978        Mar 9, In Italy the trial of the Red Brigade terrorists opened.   
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1981        Mar 9, Dan Rather made his debut as principal anchorman of “The CBS Evening News."
    (AP, 3/9/01)

1982        Mar 9, Charles J. Haughey was chosen as Premier of Ireland. Haughey later admitted that he received secret payments from businessmen during a period of national recession.
    (HN, 3/9/98)(SFC, 12/10/99, p.AA4)

1983        Mar 9, Margaret Heckler was sworn in as secretary of Health and Human Services, the same day Anne M. Burford resigned as head of the embattled Environmental Protection Agency.
    (AP, 3/9/08)

1986        Mar 9, Navy divers found the crew compartment of the space shuttle Challenger along with the remains of the astronauts.
    (HN, 3/9/98)
1986        Mar 9, Ned Calmer (b.1907), TV host (In the First Person), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ned_Calmer)

1987        Mar 9, Chrysler Corp. announced it had agreed to buy the financially ailing American Motors Corp.
    (AP, 3/9/07)

1988        Mar 9, The day after the Super Tuesday primaries and caucuses, Republican George Bush spent the day in Houston, savoring his 16-state sweep, while Democrats Michael Dukakis, Jesse Jackson and Al Gore enjoyed more modest successes.
    (AP, 3/9/98)
1988        Mar 9, Kurt Georg Kiesinger (b.1904), West German chancellor (1966-69), died.
    (www.reference.com/browse/wiki/Kurt_Georg_Kiesinger)

1989        Mar 9, Wendy Wasserstein's "Heidi Chronicles," first produced by the Seattle Repertory Theater, opened on Broadway at the Plymouth Theater.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=4538)
1989        Mar 9, The Senate rejected President Bush's nomination of John Tower to be defense secretary by a vote of 53-47.
    (AP, 3/9/99)
1989        Mar 9, Eastern Airlines filed for bankruptcy.
    (HN, 3/9/98)
1989        Mar 9, Soviet Union officially submitted to jurisdiction of the World Court.
    (http://tinyurl.com/fc24t)
1989        Mar 9, Robert Mapplethorpe (42), US photographer, died. In 2010 Patti Smith (63), his former girlfriend, authored “Just Kids," a memoir of their 2-decade relationship.
    (www.mapplethorpe.org/foundation.html)(SSFC, 1/17/10, p.F1)

1990        Mar 9, Dr. Antonia Novello (b.1944) was sworn in as the US surgeon general, becoming the first woman and the first Hispanic to hold the job. Dr. Novello became Commissioner of Health for the State of New York in 1999.
    (AP, 3/9/98)(www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/history/bionovello.htm)

1991        Mar 9, Secretary of State James A. Baker the Third, on a fact-finding mission to seven countries, visited Kuwait following its liberation from Iraq.
    (AP, 3/9/01)
1991        Mar 9, In Serbia Milosevic ordered a crackdown on protests and 2 men were killed in the Belgrade Square of the Republic.
    (SFC, 12/27/96, p.A15)

1992        Mar 9, Iowa Sen. Tom Harkin dropped out of the race for the Democratic presidential nomination.
    (AP, 3/9/02)
1992        Mar 9, Menachem Begin, former Israeli Prime Minister (1977-80, 81-83, Nobel 1979) died in Tel Aviv at age 78. In 1987 Amos Perlmutter (d.2001 at 69) authored “The Life and Times of Menachim Begin."
    (AP, 3/9/98)(SSFC, 6/17/01, p.A27)

1993        Mar 9, Janet Reno sailed through her confirmation hearing en route to becoming the nation's first female attorney general.
    (AP, 3/9/98)
1993        Mar 9, Rodney King testified at the federal trial of four Los Angeles police officers accused of violating his civil rights, saying he'd been "attacked" by the defendants.
    (AP, 3/9/98)
1993        Mar 9, Bob Crosby (b.1913), swing-era bandleader (Bobcats), died of cancer.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Crosby)

1994        Mar 9, The U.N. Human Rights Commission condemned anti-Semitism, putting the world body on record for the first time as opposing discrimination against Jews.
    (AP, 3/9/99)
1994        Mar 9, Fernando Rey (b.1917), Spanish actor (French Connection), died of cancer.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0721073/)

1995        Mar 9, President Clinton eased travel restrictions on Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams and invited him to the White House for St. Patrick's Day.
    (AP, 3/9/00)
1995        Mar 9, House Republicans unveiled their long-promised tax cut for families, businesses and investors.
    (AP, 3/9/00)
1995        Mar 9, Los Angeles police detective Mark Fuhrman took the stand at the O.J. Simpson murder trial, denying ever meeting a woman who had accused him of making racist remarks.
    (AP, 3/9/00)
1995        Mar 9, President Konstantine Karamanlis (1907-1998) of Greece, resigned.
    (www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/NewPol/Politics2.htm)
1995        Mar 9, Ian Ballantine (b.1916), US publisher, died of a heart attack. He founded and published the paperback line of Ballantine Books from 1952 to 1974 with his wife, Betty.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ian_Ballantine)

1996        Mar 9, The space shuttle "Columbia" landed safely a day late at the Kennedy Space Center, ending a 16-day mission.
    (AP, 3/9/01)
1996        Mar 9, Comedian George Burns died in Beverly Hills, Calif., just weeks after turning 100.
    (AP, 3/9/98)

1997        Mar 9, In Los Angeles black Gangsta rapper Christopher G. Wallace (24), The Notorious B.I.G. or aka Biggie Smalls, was shot and killed in a drive-by shooting. He had been accused of being involved in a 1994 robbery in which Tupac Shakur was shot and robbed of $40,000. In 1999 Amir Muhammad, aka Harry Billups, was named as the suspected gunman. Muhammad was suspected to have been hired by former LAPD officer David A. Mack. In 2005 a judge declared a mistrial when large numbers of LAPD documents were found that hadn’t been turned over to the court.
    (SFC, 3/10/97, p.A8)(SFC, 12/9/99, p.A11)(SFC, 7/7/05, p.A3)(AP, 3/9/07)
1997        Mar 9, In Albania Pres. Sali Berisha proposed a new government of reconciliation to represent all political parties and offered to set new elections.
    (SFC, 3/10/97, p.A8)
1997        Mar 9, French journalist Jean-Dominique Bauby died in Paris. He had been completely paralyzed in Dec 1995 and had recently finished dictating the book: “Le Scaphandre et le Papillon" (The Diving Suit and the Butterfly) by blinking his left eyelid, the only moveable part of his body. The book was published 2 days before he died. The film “The Diving Bell and the Butterfly," based on the book, was directed by Julian Schnabel and opened in the US in 2007.
    (SFC, 3/11/97, p.A20)(Econ, 12/1/07, p.100)
1997        Mar 9, In the Sudan the national Democratic Alliance (NDA) began an offensive in the southern state of Equatoria.
    (SFC, 4/3/97, p.A10)

1998        Mar 9, In a case pitting former high school sweethearts against each other, Brian Peterson pleaded guilty in Wilmington, Del., to manslaughter in the death of his newborn son in a Newark, N.J., motel and agreed to testify against the mother, Amy Grossberg. A month later, Grossberg also pleaded guilty to manslaughter; she ended up serving nearly two years of a 2 1/2-year sentence; Peterson served 1 1/2 years of a two-year sentence.
    (AP, 3/9/08)
1998        Mar 9, It was reported that the government owned the fastest computer, an Intel ASCI Red unit at the Sandia National Labs in Albuquerque. It was designed to perform 1.5 trillion operations per second. It was planned to develop computers capable of 30 trillion calculations per second by 2001, and 100 trillion per second by 2004.
    (SFC, 3/9/98, p.A7)
1998        Mar 9, A vast storm caused deadly flooding in the US South and heavy snows in the Midwest. In Elba, Alabama, the Pea River broke its levee and put the town under 5 feet of water. The death toll rose to 8 after 3 days of storms.
    (SFC, 3/10/98, p.A3)(WSJ, 3/10/98, p.A1)
1998        Mar 9, In Israel soldiers at a checkpoint killed 3 Palestinian laborers in a van near Hebron. Two soldiers involved were arrested.
    (SFC, 3/11/98, p.A8)
1998        Mar 9, In Paraguay a military tribunal sentenced Lino Oviedo to 10 years in jail for leading an attempted coup in 1996 and for insulting Pres. Wasmosy in 1997.
    (SFC, 3/10/98, p.A9)
1998        Mar 9, An arms embargo was imposed on Yugoslavia by the US, Britain and other powers.
    (SFC, 3/25/98, p.C14)

1999        Mar 9, Pres. Clinton visited Honduras and paid tribute to US military efforts in rebuilding roads, bridges, schools and clinics following Hurricane Mitch.
    (SFC, 3/10/99, p.A12)
1999        Mar 9, Amtrak unveiled a new high speed train for travel between Boston and New York in 3 hours. A New York to Washington run was expected to take 2 ½ hours. The new Acela service was planned to begin in Nov or Dec.
    (SFC, 3/10/99, p.A4)(WSJ, 3/10/99, p.B1)
1999        Mar 9, RJR Nabisco Holdings Corp., the food-and-tobacco conglomerate,  announced that it would split its tobacco business from its food operations.
    (SFC, 3/10/99, p.A1)
1999        Mar 9, A late winter storm dumped snow from the upper Midwest to the East Coast and caused 3 deaths. 4 motorists died the next day.
    (WSJ, 3/10/99, p.A1)(SFC, 3/11/99, p.A6)
1999        Mar 9, The Antigua Labor Party won the elections and Prime Minister Lester Bird extended his rule for another 5 years.
    (SFC, 3/11/99, p.A11)
1999        Mar 9, Ecuador declared a 60-day state of emergency prompted by the economic crises.
    (WSJ, 3/10/99, p.A14)
1999        Mar 9, French police arrested Javier Arizcuren-Ruiz, aka Kantauri, leader of the military wing of the Basque ETA along with 5 other ETA members.
    (SFC, 3/10/99, p.A14)
1999        Mar 9, Serb tanks attacked ethnic Albanian villages near Macedonia.
    (WSJ, 3/10/99, p.A1)
1999        Mar 9, A Sierra Leone rebel leader made a radio appeal to his followers for a cease-fire and peace talks.
    (WSJ, 3/10/99, p.A1)
1999        Mar 9, In South Africa a gunman killed Patata Nqwaru, vice chairman of the local United Democratic Movement in Cape Town.
    (SFC, 3/10/99, p.A13)
1999        Mar 9, The UN announced a program for India to set up schools in the eastern Punjab to get children out of the carpet weaving industry. The US planned to contribute $2 million to the $2.9 million program.
    (SFC, 3/10/99, p.A13)

2000        Mar 9, Bill Bradley ended his presidential bid, conceding the Democratic nomination to Vice President Al Gore.
    (SFC, 3/10/00, p.A1)(AP, 3/9/01)
2000        Mar 9, John McCain suspended his presidential campaign, conceding the Republican nomination to George W. Bush.
    (SFC, 3/10/00, p.A1)(AP, 3/9/01)
2000        Mar 9, The US NASDAQ market reached a record 5,000, ten weeks after passing 4,000.
    (SFC, 3/10/00, p.A1)
2000        Mar 9, In Bosnia US Sec. of state Madeleine Albright won a pledge from Croatian and Bosnian Serb leaders to allow thousands of refugees to go home.
    (SFC, 3/10/00, p.A13)
2000        Mar 9, In Ecuador Pres. Noboa signed a bill that made the US dollar the official currency.
    (SFC, 3/10/00, p.D6)
2000        Mar 9, In Indonesia 2 days of fighting left at least 30 people dead as Christian and Muslim gangs clashed on Halmahera Island.
    (SFC, 3/11/00, p.A9)
2000        Mar 9, In Norway Prime Minister Kjell Magne Bondevik announced that his minority government would resign following a failed vote of confidence in an environmental dispute. He opposed new power plants to burn gas supplies.
    (SFC, 3/10/00, p.D6)
2000        Mar 9, In Moscow A Yak-40 aircraft crashed on takeoff from Sheremetyevo Airport and all 9 people aboard were killed. Among the dead were journalist Artyom Borovik and oil executive Ziya Bazhayev.
    (SFC, 3/9/00, p.A11)(SFC, 3/10/00, p.D5)
2000        Mar 9, In Tuvalu a fire swept through a locked dormitory and killed 18 teenage girls and their supervisor.
    (SFC, 3/10/00, p.D6)

2001        Mar 9, Federal regulators warned power companies that they may have to refund $69 million to California ratepayers for charging unreasonable prices.
    (SFC, 3/10/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 9, The DJIA fell 213.63 to 10,644, while the Nasdaq fell almost 116 to close at 2052. Intel and Cisco announced thousands of job cuts.
    (SFC, 3/10/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 9, A judge in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., sentenced 14-year-old Lionel Tate to life in prison for the 1999 killing of Tiffany Eunick, a 6-year old girl. Tate, who had been convicted of first-degree murder, said he was imitating pro-wrestling moves. Tate's first-degree murder conviction and sentence were later overturned; he pleaded guilty to second-degree murder and received a new sentence of probation, but is now accused of violating that probation.
    (AP, 3/9/02)(AP, 3/9/06)
2001        Mar 9, Attorney James St. Clair (b.1920), who represented President Nixon at the height of the Watergate scandal, died in Westwood, Mass., at age 80.
    (AP, 3/9/02)(NW, 12/31/01, p.110)
2001        Mar 9, In Afghanistan the smaller giant Buddha at Bamiyan was destroyed.
    (SFC, 3/12/01, p.A12)
2001        Mar 9, Ethnic Albanian rebels launched attacks on Macedonian and Yugoslav forces on the Kosovo border. 2 people were killed.
    (SFC, 3/10/01, p.A8)
2001        Mar 9, In Ukraine tens of thousands of demonstrators rioted in Kiev to force Pres. Kuchma from office.
    (SFC, 3/10/01, p.A8)

2002        Mar 9, The Director’s Guild of America voted top honors to director Ron Howard for the film “A Beautiful Mind" starring Russel Crowe. Crowe portrayed John Nash, a Nobel laureate who struggled with mental illness.
    (SSFC, 3/10/02, p.A2)
2002        Mar 9, Melissa Gilbert was elected president of the Screen Actors Guild, defeating challenger Valerie Harper.
    (AP, 3/9/07)
2002        Mar 9, Jamil Abdullah al-Amin, aka H. Rap Brown (58), was convicted by an Atlanta jury for the murder of a sheriff’s deputy on Mar 16, 2000. Brown was sentenced to life in prison without parole on Mar 13.
    (SSFC, 3/10/02, p.A6)(SFC, 3/13/02, p.A4)(AP, 3/9/07)
2002        Mar 9, A Marine Corps helicopter from Beaufort, SC, crashed in the Atlantic Ocean during a rescue operation from a downed civilian helicopter. 2 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 3/10/02, p.A6)
2002        Mar 9, The space shuttle Columbia's astronauts released the Hubble Space Telescope into orbit after five days of repairs.
    (AP, 3/9/07)
2002        Mar 9, In Chicago scaffolding under high winds tore loose from the John Hancock Center and fatally crushed 3 people.
    (SSFC, 3/10/02, p.A6)
2002        Mar 9, In Burma the military reported the arrests of 4 relatives of former dictator Ne Win and the dismissal of some military officers for planning a coup.
    (SSFC, 3/10/02, p.A15)
2002        Mar 9, In Cairo Arab foreign ministers met and voiced support for a Middle East peace proposal by Saudi Arabia.
    (SSFC, 3/10/02, p.A16)
2002        Mar 9, A pair of Palestinian gunmen tossed grenades and opened fire at a seafront hotel in Netanya and 3 people were killed including a baby. A Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up in a Jerusalem café and killed 11 others. Israeli forces destroyed Arafat’s office building in Gaza and left 6 Palestinians dead including a 15-year-old girl.
    (SSFC, 3/10/02, p.A1,16) 
2002        Mar 9, In Pueblo, Mexico, police arrested Benjamin Arellano Felix, head of the Tijuana drug cartel.
    (SSFC, 3/10/02, p.A14)

2003      Mar 9, Bill Clinton and Bob Dole made their debut as 2-minute TV commentators on 60 Minutes. Their 1st topic was "tax cuts in times of war."
    (WSJ, 3/7/03, p.A1)(NW, 3/17/03, p.45)
2003      Mar 9, Renee Zellwegger, lead actress in "Chicago," won the top Screen Actors Guild Award along with Daniel Day-Lewis, for his role in "Gangs of New York."
    (SFC, 3/10/03, p.A2)
2003      Mar 9, In Chechnya 2 Russian armored personnel carriers opened fire in Staraya Sunzha, killing 2 policemen.
    (AP, 3/12/03)
2003      Mar 9, In southern India a van driver lost control of his vehicle and crashed into a bus, killing 17 people and injuring 13 others.
    (AP, 3/9/03)
2003      Mar 9, Nauru's Pres. Bernard Dowiyogo (57), known as a pragmatic leader of the environmentally devastated South Pacific island, died in Washington DC. He signed an executive order as he lay dying, at the behest of US officials, ending the Nauru offshore banking system and its economic-citizenship program.
    (AP, 3/10/03)(WSJ, 5/16/03, p.A4)
2003      Mar 9, In Rawalpindi, Pakistan, hundreds of thousands of people protested a possible US war with Iraq.
    (SFC, 3/10/03, p.A11)
2003      Mar 9, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the leader of Turkey's ruling party, won a by-election. He was soon confirmed as PM replacing Abdullah Gul.
    (AP, 3/9/03)(WSJ, 3/12/03, p.A1)
2003      Mar 9, In Venezuela Pres. Hugo Chavez claimed an international campaign involving the US was trying to discredit his government and he warned other countries not to be fooled by the so-called smear tactics.
    (AP, 3/9/03)

2004        Mar 9, John Allen Muhammad (43) was sentenced to death in Manassas, Va., for his 2002 murder rampage in the Washington DC area.
    (SFC, 3/10/04, p.A3)
2004        Mar 9, Britain ended a 3-year review and agreed to allow farmers to grow one variety genetically modified "GM" corn.
    (WSJ, 3/10/04, p.A14)
2004        Mar 9, In Chad 2 days of fighting broke out as the army battled Islamic militants near a remote village on the country's western border with Niger, killing 43 "terrorists" of a group suspected of links with al-Qaida.
    (AP, 3/12/04)
2004        Mar 9, China reported that it would scrap the 8% tax on farmers' crops over the next 5 years. The vestige of feudalism was established 4,000 years ago during the Bronze Age.
    (AP, 3/9/04)
2004        Mar 9, Colombian troops killed at least 12 leftist guerrillas and captured 40 others in separate offensives across the country.
    (AP, 3/10/04)
2004        Mar 9, In Haiti Gerard Latortue (69), a lawyer and economist, was named as interim prime minister.
    (SFC, 3/10/04, p.A8)
2004        Mar 9, In Iraq 2 US civilians and their Iraqi interpreter were killed. 4 Iraqis were arrested and appeared to be active Iraqi police officers working with a Saddam Hussein loyalist.
    (WSJ, 3/12/04, p.A1)(SFC, 3/13/04, p.A3)
2004        Mar 9, Israeli forces backed by tanks and combat helicopters raided the West Bank town of Jenin, prompting a gun battle that killed a Palestinian woman in her home.
    (AP, 3/9/04)
2004        Mar 9, Groundbreaking ceremonies were set for a research center on the Israeli-Jordan border. The Bridging the Rift foundation, launched in 1999, planned a $30 million environmental research center created with the assistance of California's Stanford Univ.
    (SFC, 2/28/04, p.A8)
2004        Mar 9, A shootout between unidentified gunmen and government troops in Nigeria's oil city of Warri killed five people, including one soldier. Separately an overturned candle ignited a fire that raged through a shantytown in Lagos.
    (AP, 3/10/04)
2004        Mar 9, Pakistan tested its longest-range missile yet, capable of carrying a nuclear warhead and hitting targets deep inside neighboring India.
    (AP, 3/9/04)

2005        Mar 9, Dan Rather (73) made his final news broadcast with CBS Evening News.
    (SFC, 3/10/05, p.A2)
2005        Mar 9, The acting boss of the NYC Gambino family and at least 30 other mob figures were arrested following an undercover FBI operation.
    (SFC, 3/10/05, p.A3)
2005        Mar 9, In Las Vegas 2 retired NYC police detectives, Louis Eppolito (56) and Stephen Caracappa (63), were arrested on federal charges of taking part in 8 murders on behalf of the Mafia. In 2009 both men were sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 3/11/05, p.A3)(SFC, 3/7/09, p.A5)
2005        Mar 9, Michael Jackson's young accuser took the witness stand, saying he once considered the pop star being tried for allegedly molesting him "the coolest guy in the world." Jackson was later acquitted.
    (AP, 3/9/06)
2005        Mar 9, Information broker LexisNexis reported that thieves hacked into records and stole personal data on some 310,000 US individuals.
    (SFC, 4/13/05, p.A4)
2005        Mar 9, Chris LeDoux (56), rodeo star and country singer, died in Wyoming from complications of liver cancer.
    (SFC, 3/10/05, p.B7)
2005        Mar 9, Senior officials said China will use taxes from its fast-growing eastern cities to help pay for rural social programs as it tries to close a widening divide between rich and poor.
    (AP, 3/9/05)
2005        Mar 9, Colombia extradited to the United States a top member of the South American country's main rebel group, a woman known by the nom de guerre of Sonia and accused of running the insurgents' drug trafficking business.
    (AP, 3/9/05)
2005        Mar 9, In Costa Rica police stormed a bank in a hail of gunfire following a thwarted robbery that turned into a 30-hour hostage standoff in the tourist town of Santa Elena de Monteverde. Officials said nine people were killed, including five bank customers.
    (AP, 3/10/05)
2005        Mar 9, Egypt’s parliament agreed to amend the Constitution to allow for 1st time multi-candidate balloting.
    (SFC, 3/10/05, p.A3)
2005        Mar 9, Indonesia and East Timor agreed to set up a commission to deal with atrocities surrounding East Timor's 1999 vote for independence, despite criticism led by the UN.
    (AP, 3/9/05)
2005        Mar 9, Iraqi officials said that 41 bodies, some bullet-riddled, others beheaded, have been found at two separate sites. They believe some of the corpses are Iraqi soldiers kidnapped and killed by insurgents. 4 people were killed in Baghdad when a suicide bomber drove an explosives-packed truck into a hotel used by US contractors.
    (AP, 3/9/05)(WSJ, 3/10/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 9, President Bush's envoy to Northern Ireland called for the IRA to disband after the outlawed group made an unprecedented public offer to kill four men, including two of its own expelled members, linked to a Belfast slaying. The family of slain Northern Ireland man Robert McCartney have said they had rejected the IRA's offer of vigilante justice because only in court will "the truth come out."
    (AP, 3/9/05)(AFP, 3/9/05)
2005        Mar 9, An Israeli inquiry into the establishment of unauthorized West Bank settlement outposts found widespread complicity of successive Israeli governments and recommended that prosecutors consider investigations some of those involved.
    (AP, 3/9/05)
2005        Mar 9, In southern Mexico a federal government helicopter searching for gunmen protecting drug plantations crashed into a mountain, killing all nine soldiers and two pilots onboard.
    (AP, 3/10/05)
2005        Mar 9, In the southern Philippines at least 27 children died from food poisoning after eating a deep-fried caramelized cassava snack at school. Evidence later revealed that a pesticide in the snack was the cause of death.
    (AP, 3/9/05)(WSJ, 3/15/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 9, In South Africa investigators began digging up the first of hundreds of unmarked graves in a bid to close a chapter in South Africa's horrific history.
    (AP, 3/9/05)
2005        Mar 9, An earthquake shook parts of northern South Africa, trapping 16 miners underground.
    (AP, 3/9/05)
2005        Mar 9, Spanish serial killer Alfredo Galan, nicknamed the "playing card assassin" because he left a card at the scene of each murder, received jail sentences totaling 142 years.
    (AP, 3/9/05)
2005        Mar 9, Jan Egeland, UN humanitarian chief, said far more people have died in Sudan's ravaged Darfur region than the 70,000 reported since last year, and many of those deaths were from preventable causes like pneumonia and diarrhea. Egeland said some 180,000 people died in Darfur over the past 18 months from hunger and disease.
    (AP, 3/9/05)(Econ, 4/2/05, p.41)
2005        Mar 9, Syrian soldiers flashed victory signs and waved automatic rifles as they drove east through Lebanon's mountains in the first phase of a pullback. Government lawmakers advised the president to bring back his pro-Damascus prime minister who was forced by opposition protests to resign.
    (AP, 3/9/05)

2006        Mar 9, Pres. Bush signed a weakened patriot Act into law, a day before parts of it were due to expire.
    (SFC, 3/10/06, p.A5)
2006        Mar 9, Dubai Ports World bowed to pressure from the US Congress and announced that it will sell off its US operations to a US owner.
    (SFC, 3/10/06, p.A18)
2006        Mar 9, The US Commerce Dept. reported that the US trade gap for January  widened to a record $68.51 billion.
    (WSJ, 3/10/06, p.A1)
2006        Mar 9, Claude Allen, who stepped down last month as Bush's top domestic policy adviser, was arrested in Maryland on charges he swindled two stores out of more than $5,000.
    (Reuters, 3/11/06)
2006        Mar 9, Exxon Mobil Corp. said it would appeal the ruling by a US judge to allow villagers to sue the oil giant for alleged abuses by Indonesian troops at facilities it operated in Aceh province.
    (AP, 3/9/06)
2006        Mar 9, California authorities ordered Michael Jackson to shut down his Neverland Valley Ranch and fined the pop star $169,000 for failing to pay his employees or maintain proper insurance.
    (Reuters, 3/9/06)
2006        Mar 9, Microsoft Corp. took the wraps off its mysterious Project Origami, unveiling a computer that's about the size of a large paperback book but runs a full version of the Windows XP operating system.
    (AP, 3/9/06)
2006        Mar 9, Google announced that it has bought Upstartle LLC, whose Writely.com service allows users to create, edit and share documents online.
    (WSJ, 3/10/06, p.A16)
2006        Mar 9, Scientists from Sandia National Laboratories in New Mexico reported that they produced superheated gas exceeding temperatures of 2 billion degrees Kelvin, or 3.6 billion degrees Fahrenheit.
    (www.livescience.com/technology/060308_sandia_z.html)
2006        Mar 9, Scientists reported that images from the Cassini spacecraft showed plumes of water shooting from fissures near a heated region of Enceladus, a 300-mile wide moon of Saturn.
    (SFC, 3/10/06, p.A8)
2006        Mar 9, World Kidney Day, celebrated on the 2nd Thursday in March, began with the theme “Are your kidneys ok?"
    (www.worldkidneyday.org/about/#all-about-the-day)
2006        Mar 9, In Afghanistan’s Helmand province a roadside bomb killed two Afghan soldiers when it hit their convoy.
    (AP, 3/11/06)
2006        Mar 9, In Argentina Raul Castells opened a soup kitchen in the posh Puerto Madero section of Buenos Aires near an outlet to the River Plate, with volunteers serving fried bread cakes and hot herbal tea to about 600 people.
    (AP, 3/10/06)
2006        Mar 9, An Argentine air force plane providing aid for Bolivian flood victims crashed outside of La Paz, killing all six people on board.
    (AP, 3/9/06)
2006        Mar 9, The Bahamas Court of Appeals ruled that Atain Takitota (41), a Japanese amnesiac who was kept in a Bahamas prison and an immigration center for eight years without being charged, was held unlawfully. He was awarded $500,000 "for the loss of eight years and two months" of his life.
    (AP, 3/11/06)
2006        Mar 9, John Profumo (91), a former British Cabinet minister, died. His 1963 liaison with a prostitute nearly brought down a government after revelations that the call girl was also involved with a Soviet spy. Profumo was Britain's secretary of state for war when he was involved with Christine Keeler at the same time she was seeing a Soviet naval attache and intelligence agent.
    (AP, 3/10/06)
2006        Mar 9, More than 300 police backed by British and Irish troops mounted dawn raids on the home turf of Thomas "Slab" Murphy, reputedly the Irish Republican Army's veteran chief of staff and its most lucrative smuggler.
    (AP, 3/9/06)
2006        Mar 9, A flood at a mine in southwestern China killed 7 miners and injured 3 others. In central China a coal mine explosion and fire killed 3 miners and left six others missing.
    (AP, 3/9/06)
2006        Mar 9, The Colombian navy seized a 60-foot long submarine that likely was used to haul tons of cocaine out to sea for shipment to the United States.
    (AP, 3/10/06)
2006        Mar 9, The French parliament, despite protests by students and unions, enacted a much-contested law to reduce youth unemployment by using contract jobs.
    (AP, 3/10/06)
2006        Mar 9, In France Christophe Fauviau (46), a father who drugged his children's tennis opponents leading to one player's death, was sentenced to 8 years in prison.
    (AP, 3/9/06)
2006        Mar 9, About 8,000 Georgians took to the streets for the capital's biggest anti-government demonstration since President Mikhail Saakashvili was swept to power after leading the Rose Revolution protests more than two years ago.
    (AP, 3/9/06)
2006        Mar 9, A German laboratory said the H5N1 bird flu virus has been found in a weasel-like mammal called a stone marten.
    (AP, 3/9/06)
2006        Mar 9, In southern Germany a delivery van struck a funeral procession after the driver had a fatal heart attack. The crash killed two mourners.
    (AP, 3/9/06)
2006        Mar 9, Iran's supreme leader Ali Khamenei and its president said that Tehran would not abandon its nuclear program and rejected its referral to the U.N. Security Council as unjust.
    (AP, 3/9/06)
2006        Mar 9, Iraq hanged 13 insurgents, marking the first time militants have been executed in the country since the U.S.-led invasion ousted Saddam Hussein nearly three years ago.
    (AP, 3/9/06)
2006        Mar 9, The body of Tom Fox (54), an American man taken hostage with three other Christian peace activists in Nov 26, 2005, was found near a railroad line in Baghdad with gunshots to his head and chest.
    (AP, 3/11/06)
2006        Mar 9, A dust storm enveloped Baghdad as explosions killed 11 people and wounded 19, all civilians. The US military confirmed that a mass abduction from a security firm was the work of kidnappers masquerading as Interior Ministry commandos.
    (AP, 3/9/06)
2006        Mar 9, The Bank of Japan abandoned the super-easy monetary policy it has kept for five years, saying it will gradually raise interest rates and start to cut the excess cash in the banking system amid signs of economic recovery.
    (AP, 3/9/06)
2006        Mar 9, In southwestern Nepal communist rebels attacked a security checkpoint with bombs, killing at least three government security forces and wounding five.
    (AP, 3/9/06)
2006        Mar 9, A fuel oil spill from a chemical plant in southeastern Norway threatened hundreds of birds in a salt water nature preserve, while snow and ice hampered a cleanup operation. Nearly 200 barrels leaked during the transfer of fuel oil from a ship on March 4, but because of ice in the harbor area the oil was not visible and was not discovered before the ice broke up on March 8.
    (AP, 3/9/06)
2006        Mar 9, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said new customs rules imposed by Ukraine to tighten its border with Moldova's breakaway region violate a 1997 agreement and are an attempt to pressure the separatist Russian-speaking enclave.
    (AP, 3/9/06)
2006        Mar 9, In Turkey a bomb set off by suspected Kurdish guerrillas killed three people and injured 18 in the Kurdish-dominated southeast.
    (AP, 3/9/06)
2006        Mar 9, In Turkey a bus carrying about 40 people drove off a road and plunged into a river before dawn, killing at least 16 passengers and injuring 11.
    (AP, 3/9/06)

2007        Mar 9, President Bush heralded a new ethanol agreement with Brazil as a way to boost alternative fuels production across the Americas. One roadblock in the Bush-Silva ethanol talks is a 54-cent tariff the United States has imposed on every gallon of ethanol imported from Brazil. Bush said it's not up for discussion.
    (AP, 3/9/07)
2007        Mar 9, Attorney General Alberto Gonzales and FBI Director Robert S. Mueller acknowledged the FBI improperly used the Patriot Act to secretly pry out personal information about Americans; they apologized and vowed to prevent further illegal intrusions.
    (AP, 3/9/08)
2007        Mar 9, The US began a series of secret hearings to determine whether 14 alleged terrorist leaders at its prison in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, should be declared "enemy combatants" who can be held indefinitely and prosecuted by military tribunals.
    (AP, 3/10/07)
2007        Mar 9, A US appeals court overturned a District of Columbia handgun ban.
    (WSJ, 3/10/07, p.A1)
2007        Mar 9, Xinhua Finance Media shares made their debut on the NYSE raising $300 million. Fredy Bush (49), a US-born entrepreneur, served as CEO of Xinhua Finance Ltd., the Shanghai-based parent of the US listed company.
    (WSJ, 1/7/07, p.A1)
2007        Mar 9, A report by the Police Executive Research Forum said slayings since 2004 have jumped over 10% among dozens of large US cities.
    (SFC, 3/9/07, p.A6)
2007        Mar 9, Brad Delp (55), lead singer of the rock band Boston, died at his home in New Hampshire. The group’s self-titled debut album in 1976 was one of the fastest selling I rock history.
    (SSFC, 3/11/07, p.B6)
2007        Mar 9, In Afghanistan a remote-controlled roadside bomb ripped through the vehicle of Mullah Naqeeb, an influential pro-government tribal elder, injuring him and nine others. 6 people died after being wounded in the bombing of the armored vehicle. The Afghan elder played a key role in dealing with the Taliban. Police detained five men in connection with the killing of a German aid worker in northern Afghanistan. The five were detained in the province of Sari Pul, where Dieter Ruebling, 65, worked for aid group German Agro Action. Two gunmen killed Ruebling and robbed his three Afghan colleagues after stopping their two vehicles near the village of Mirza Wolang in Sayyad district.
    (AP, 3/9/07)(AP, 3/10/07)
2007        Mar 9, Nearly 20,000 fans gathered at a stadium in Buenos Aires, not to watch soccer but to hear Hugo Chavez bash George W. Bush.
    (AP, 3/10/07)
2007        Mar 9, Finance Minister Jin Renqing said China is creating an investment company to make more profitable use of its $1 trillion in foreign currency reserves, in a move that could change the flow of billions of dollars in global markets.
    (AP, 3/9/07)
2007        Mar 9, Greek Cypriots demolished a wall along the boundary that for decades has split Europe's last divided capital, a dramatic gesture that officials hope will kick-start reconciliation on the Mediterranean island. Plastic and metal screens replaced the wall.
    (AP, 3/9/07)(SFC, 3/10/07, p.A3)
2007        Mar 9, Ethiopia's foreign minister said 5 European tourists who went missing last week in northeastern Ethiopia are being held by kidnappers in a remote tribal region.
    (AP, 3/9/07)
2007        Mar 9, EU leaders agreed on a bold set of measures to fight global warming, pledging that a fifth of the bloc's energy will come from green power sources such as wind turbines and solar panels by 2020 and that 10% of European cars will run on biofuels.
    (AP, 3/9/07)(Econ, 3/17/07, p.59)
2007        Mar 9, In Iran Robert Levinson, a retired FBI agent, disappeared from the island of Kish, a free trade zone. Levinson retired from the FBI in 1998 and became a private investigator. He was investigating cigarette smuggling in early 2007, and his family has said that effort took him to Iran. In 2010 the AP confirmed Levinson’s ties to the CIA. In late 2010 his family received proof that the father of seven was alive. In 2015 the US offered a $5 million reward to find Levinson.
         (AP, 3/4/11)(AFP, 3/4/11)(SFC, 12/14/13, p.A5)(Reuters, 3/9/15)
2007        Mar 9, US forces killed a suspected militant and captured 16 others in raids across Iraq.
    (AP, 3/9/07)
2007        Mar 9, In Japan Aeon supermarket chain said it will take a 15% stake in troubled Daiei for 46.2 billion yen, or $393.5 million. The alliance would create Japan's biggest retail grouping.
    (AP, 3/9/07)
2007        Mar 9, President Felipe Calderon proposed sweeping reforms to Mexico's justice system, including US-style trials and a unified criminal code. Mexican federal police detained 81 Chinese immigrants and 22 immigration agents after the Chinese were discovered hiding in the Cancun airport terminal, possibly with the protection of Mexican immigration officers.
    (AP, 3/10/07)
2007        Mar 9, The UN Special Rapporteur on Torture said Nigerian police routinely torture suspects, shooting them in the legs, beating them and hanging them from the ceiling for long periods. Royal Dutch Shell said that it has successfully contained a major oil spill in a production facility in southern Nigeria but yet to regain output loss of 187,000 barrels per day.
    (AP, 3/9/07)(AFP, 3/9/07)
2007        Mar 9, In Northern Ireland substantial election results showed the polar extremes of politics have strengthened their grip on the province's legislature, ensuring they will control any future Catholic-Protestant administration. Anna Lo (56), a Hong Kong native who has lived in Northern Ireland for 32 years, became the first ethnic minority to be elected to political office. Lo was one of seven people elected to the 108-member Northern Ireland Assembly from the Alliance Party, which seeks to draw support from all sides of the community.
    (AP, 3/9/07)(AP, 3/10/07)
2007        Mar 9, Pakistan's state media reported that President Gen. Pervez Musharraf replaced Iftikhar Chaudhry, the Islamic nation's chief justice, for "misuse of authority." Chaudhry refused to resign and mass demonstrations for his support soon followed.
    (AP, 3/9/07)(Econ, 5/19/07, p.23)
2007        Mar 9, Thousands of people across Spain took part in rallies called by the right wing opposition to protest the Socialists government's decision to allow a hunger-striking Basque separatist serve out his jail term under house arrest.
    (AP, 3/9/07)
2007        Mar 9, The Sri Lanka Defense Ministry said ground troops, backed by artillery, had captured three Tamil Tiger bases in the northeast in a major military operation. Anti-insurgency commandos overran a rebel base in eastern Sri Lanka, killing at least 20 guerrillas. Suspected Tamil Tiger rebels shot dead four security personnel and four park officials inside a wildlife sanctuary as fighting escalated elsewhere on the island.
    (AP, 3/9/07)(AFP, 3/10/07)
2007        Mar 9, A prominent Turkish politician was convicted of breaching Swiss anti-racism laws by saying that the early 20th-century killing of Armenians could not be described as genocide. Perincek was charged with breaking Swiss law by denying during a visit to Switzerland in 2005 that the World War I-era killings of up to 1.5 million Armenians amounted to genocide. He was ordered to pay a fine of $2,450 and was given a suspended penalty of $7,360.
    (AP, 3/10/07)
2007        Mar 9, Thailand's junta chief urged people living in restive Muslim-majority provinces to act as informants for security forces trying to quell three years of separatist unrest.
    (AP, 3/9/07)
2007        Mar 9, Turkey lifted its ban on YouTube two days after a court ordered the Web site blocked because of videos that allegedly insulted the founder of modern Turkey.
    (AP, 3/9/07)
2007        Mar 9, Zimbabwe state media said authorities have sealed off the eastern Marange diamond fields as part of measures to prevent plundering of the site.
    (AP, 3/9/07)

2008        Mar 9, In Cupertino, Ca., 2 racing cyclists, Kristy Gough (30) and Mat Peterson (29), were killed during a training ride when a deputy sheriff veered into the opposite lane of traffic on Stevens Canyon Road. Officer James Council (27) said he had fallen asleep at the wheel. In 2009 Council was sentenced to 4 months in jail and 800 hours of community service.
    (SFC, 3/10/08, p.A1)(SFC, 3/10/08, p.A1)(SFC, 3/12/08, p.C1)(SFC, 6/26/09, p.B1)
2008        Mar 9, Thousands of Afghan students in Jalalabad chanted slogans and burned Danish and Dutch flags in the latest in a series of protests over perceived insults against Islam. 4 militants were killed in clashes with Afghan and foreign troops in the Korengal Valley in the eastern province of Kunar.
    (AP, 3/9/08)(AP, 3/11/08)
2008        Mar 9, In Argentina a passenger train slammed into a bus at a rural rail crossing before dawn, killing 18 people and leaving at least 47 others injured.
    (AP, 3/9/08)
2008        Mar 9, In Tanta, Egypt, at least 5,000 members of the opposition Muslim Brotherhood demonstrated against government attempts to block members from registering their candidacy in April's key local elections.
    (AP, 3/9/08)
2008        Mar 9, French voters went to the polls for local elections predicted to deliver yet more bad news to Nicolas Sarkozy, whose popularity has plummeted since his triumphant presidential victory last year.
    (AP, 3/9/08)
2008        Mar 9, In Hungary 80% of voters in a referendum rejected small charges for doctor visits, and hospital stays as well as tuition fees for higher education.
    (Econ, 3/29/08, p.67)
2008        Mar 9, An Israeli Construction Ministry official said PM Ehud Olmert has approved new construction in a West Bank settlement outside Jerusalem. An Israeli soldier wounded by Gaza militants in a border ambush on Mar 6 died of his wounds. The news immediately drew Palestinian condemnation.
    (AP, 3/9/08)
2008        Mar 9, An army operation began in western Kenya pursuing members of a group linked to bloody clashes over land. Up to 30,000 people fled their homes.
    (AP, 3/10/08)
2008        Mar 9, Moroccan security forces arrested 19 members of the country's largest Islamic opposition group. Another 25 were arrested as day earlier after they tried to hold marches in solidarity with the Palestinians.
    (Reuters, 3/10/08)
2008        Mar 9, Former Pakistani PM Nawaz Sharif said he would join the late Benazir Bhutto's party in a coalition, raising the prospect of a government hostile to President Pervez Musharraf. Asif Zardari and Nawaz Sharif declared they would work together in what came to be called the Murree declaration.
    (Reuters, 3/9/08)(Econ, 3/15/08, p.52)
2008        Mar 9, Spaniards voted in a general election after a divisive campaign dominated by economic concerns. PM Zapatero won re-election as the Socialists gained five seats for a total of 169 in the 350-seat parliament. The opposition conservative Popular Party (PP) also gained five seats to reach 153, while smaller left-wing parties and some nationalist parties lost ground.
    (AP, 3/9/08)(AP, 3/10/08)(WSJ, 3/10/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 9, A government newspaper reported that Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe has signed into law a bill giving local owners the right to take majority control of foreign companies, including mines and banks.
    (Reuters, 3/9/08)

2009        Mar 9, President Barack Obama signed an executive order reversing the US government’s ban on funding stem-cell research today and pledge to “use sound, scientific practice and evidence, instead of dogma" to guide federal policy.
    (AP, 3/9/09)
2009        Mar 9, The US and South Korea began annual war games prompting North Korea to call its military into full combat readiness.
    (SFC, 3/10/09, p.A2)
2009        Mar 9, In North Carolina Philip Guyett (42) pleaded guilty to falsifying records so that he could sell human tissue from corpses that were riddled with cancer or showed intravenous drug use. He was sentenced in October to 8 years in prison.
    (Econ, 10/24/09, p.38)(http://tinyurl.com/yfnbh8p)
2009        Mar 9, The latest American Religious Identification Survey said 15% of respondents had no religion, an increase from 14.2% in 2001 and 8.2% in 1990.
    (AP, 3/9/09)
2009        Mar 9, Utah Gov. Jon Huntsman and state house and senate leaders agreed to eliminate the state’s 40-year-old private club system in an effort to boost tourism.
    (SFC, 3/10/09, p.A5)
2009        Mar 9, Virginia Gov. Tim Kaine signed a bill that generally restricts smoking in bars and restaurants to separate rooms that have their own ventilation.
    (SFC, 3/10/09, p.A5)
2009        Mar 9, Merck & Co. said it is buying Schering-Plough Corp. for $41.1 billion in stock and cash in a deal that gives the companies more firepower to compete in a drug industry facing slumping sales, tough generic competition and intense pricing pressures. The merger was expected to eliminate some 16,000 jobs.
    (AP, 3/9/09)(SFC, 3/10/09, p.C1)
2009        Mar 9, California-based Genencor, a division of Danisco A/S, announced the first transfer of BioIsoprene™ product to The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. By December the world’s first concept demonstration tires made with BioIsoprene™ technology, a breakthrough alternative to replace a petrochemically produced ingredient in the manufacture of synthetic rubber with renewable biomass, made their debut in Copenhagen, Denmark.
    (http://tinyurl.com/27vewpy)(Econ, 4/24/10, p.79)
2009        Mar 9, Bolivia’s President Evo Morales ordered a US diplomat to leave his country for allegedly conspiring with opposition groups, further straining tense relations six months after he expelled the American ambassador.
    (AP, 3/9/09)
2009        Mar 9, China's President Hu Jintao ordered a "Great Wall" against Tibetan separatism, as extra soldiers were deployed to the Himalayan region on the 50th anniversary of a failed anti-Chinese uprising. Homemade bombs damaged police vehicles in a Tibetan part of western China. Authorities expanded a security cordon across the restive region ahead of the 50th anniversary of a failed revolt that sent the Dalai Lama into exile.
    (AFP, 3/9/09)(AP, 3/9/09)
2009        Mar 9, Chinese ships surrounded and harassed a Navy mapping ship in international waters off China, at one point coming within 25 feet of the American boat and strewing debris in its path. The Obama administration said it would continue naval operations in the South China Sea, most of which China considers its territory, and protested to China about what it called reckless behavior that endangered lives. China held that the USNS Impeccable was operating illegally inside its 200-mile exclusive economic zone.
    (AP, 3/10/09)(WSJ, 3/11/09, p.A8)
2009        Mar 9, Dubai’s public prosecution indicted 7 suspects on bribery and fraud charges alleging losses to the Dubai Islamic Bank of over $501 million in fake deals from 2004 to 2007. Two of the men had left the country.
    (WSJ, 3/10/09, p.A7)
2009        Mar 9, A group of Egyptian army cadets stormed a police station in a southern suburb of Cairo, leaving at least five policemen and three cadets injured. The attack came after a local police chief arrested a cadet on March 5 for loitering on a street corner and refusing to show any ID. The cadet was taken to the police station, beaten and held overnight.
    (AP, 3/11/09)
2009        Mar 9, A cargo ship sank off the Red Sea coast of Egypt shortly after leaving port, leaving 14 sailors missing. At least 2 crew members drowned. 10 people were rescued when the 5,600-tonne Ibn al-Battuta went down in the sea off the port of Abu Dhunaima in Egypt’s Safaga region.
    (AP, 3/9/09)
2009        Mar 9, French lawmakers passed an amendment to ban the sale of alcohol to teens under 18, part of an effort to tackle the rise of binge drinking in a country known for a relaxed attitude toward a little libation.
    (AP, 3/10/09)
2009        Mar 9, Helg Sgarbi, a man dubbed "the Swiss gigolo" by the German media, was sentenced to six years in prison for defrauding BMW heiress Susanne Klatten (46), Germany's richest woman, of euro7 million ($9 million) and attempting to blackmail her for tens of millions more.
    (AP, 3/9/09)
2009        Mar 9, In Iraq rockets slammed into the British military base outside the southern city of Basra, killing one civilian. It was the first such attack on the base in nearly three months.
    (AP, 3/9/09)
2009        Mar 9, The Icelandic government took control of Straumur Burdaras Investment Bank hf., the last of the major Icelandic banks to collapse after running out of liquidity.
    (AP, 3/9/09)
2009        Mar 9, In Mexico gunmen killed six people, including the police chief of Pungarabato, in a series of attacks in mountain towns in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero. Gunmen also shot and killed a Michoacan state police commander outside police headquarters in the city of Zamora.
    (AP, 3/9/09)(SFC, 3/10/09, p.A2)
2009        Mar 9, In Northern Ireland Constable Stephen Paul Carroll (48) was shot in the head in an area known to be home to nationalist republican supporters in Craigavon, 20 miles southwest of Belfast. The Continuity IRA said it killed the police officer. On March 30, 2012, Brendan McConville (40) and John Paul Wootton (20) were both found guilty of murder following a two-month trial.
    (AFP, 3/10/09)(AP, 3/10/09)(AP, 3/30/12)
2009        Mar 9, Pakistan's top security official warned opposition leader Nawaz Sharif that his recent anti-government speeches amounted to treason, ratcheting up tensions in the country ahead of planned protest rallies this week. A tribe in the northwestern Bajur region, where the military has fought insurgents, agreed to stop sheltering foreign fighters and hand over local Taliban leaders. A tribal elder said some militants could be pardoned and freed.
    (AP, 3/9/09)(AP, 3/10/09)
2009        Mar 9, The Sri Lankan military said its troops had killed at least 250 Tamil Tigers during a weekend of fierce fighting around the rebels' shrinking fiefdom in the northeast of the island.
    (AP, 3/9/09)
2009        Mar 9, In Sudan 4 soldiers from the joint UN-African Union peacekeeping force in the war-torn Darfur region have been wounded in an ambush.
    (AFP, 3/10/09)
2009        Mar 9, In Sweden researchers reported that a chimpanzee named Santino had collected a stash of rocks and then hurled them at visitors at the Furuvik Zoo, confirming that apes can plan ahead just like humans.
    (SFC, 3/10/09, p.A3)
2009        Mar 9, In Uganda a cargo plane carrying equipment for African Union peacekeepers in Somalia caught fire and crashed into Uganda's Lake Victoria shortly after takeoff, killing all 11 people on board.
    (AP, 3/9/09)

2010        Mar 9, In Washington, DC, same sex couple began to marry as the district became the 6th place in the US to conduct same sex marriages.
    (SFC, 3/10/10, p.A10)
2010        Mar 9, San Francisco officials ordered the shutdown of all drug testing at the police crime lab amid allegations that Deborah J. Madden (60), a former technician, stole and used some of the cocaine she was supposed to analyze. Madden had officially retired this month. On March 15, 2013, Madden pleaded guilty to misdemeanor cocaine possession.
    (SFC, 3/10/10, p.A1)(SFC, 2/16/13, p.C1)
2010        Mar 9, Rodney Alcala (66), an amateur photographer, was convicted in southern California of killing a girl and 4 women between 1977 and 1979. The Santa Ana jury recommended a death penalty. Photographic evidence from a Seattle storage locker, rented before his arrest in 1979, linked him to at least one woman listed for decades as missing. On march 30 Alcala was sentenced to death.
    (SFC, 3/11/10, p.A8)(SFC, 3/17/10, p.C3)(SFC, 3/31/10, p.A7)
2010        Mar 9, University of Florida researcher Nam Dang and colleagues in Japan said that papaya leaf extract and its tea have dramatic cancer-fighting properties against a broad range of tumors, backing a belief held in a number of folk traditions.
    (AFP, 3/9/10)
2010        Mar 9, An Ohio State Univ. custodian, Nathaniel Brown (51), killed a supervisor and wounded another and then killed himself. Brown had been told that he was being fired.
    (SFC, 3/10/10, p.A4)
2010        Mar 9, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed two Afghan border police and a civilian riding in their vehicle. A Taliban operative wearing an Afghan police uniform infiltrated NATO’s Chergotah base in Khost province and detonated his explosive vest next to a group of soldiers who were warming their hands beside a fire. 2 NATO service members were killed.
    (AP, 3/9/10)(AP, 3/10/10)
2010        Mar 9, China and India gave a qualified approval to the nonbinding Copenhagen climate accord brokered by Pres. Obama in the final hours of the December, 2009, climate summit.
    (SFC, 3/10/10, p.A2)
2010        Mar 9, Indonesia’s President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono flew into Canberra with PM Kevin Rudd and Governor-General Quentin Bryce waiting on the red carpet. He was soon appointed an honorary companion of the Order of Australia for his work after the 2002 Bali bombing. Yudhoyono will become the first Indonesian leader to address a joint sitting of Australia's parliament on March 10.
    (AFP, 3/9/10)
2010        Mar 9, In Indonesia 3 terror suspects were killed during raids near Jakarta. One of the dead included Dulmatin, one of the masterminds of the 2002 Bali bombings. Police soon confirmed his identity. An additional terror suspect was arrested in Jakarta earlier in the day, bringing to 24 the number of suspects taken into custody on Java and Aceh since Feb. 22 in a police crackdown on a suspected Jemaah Islamiyah cell.
    (AP, 3/9/10)(AFP, 3/10/10)
2010        Mar 9, US Vice President Joe Biden visited Israel and pledged Washington's full commitment to Israel's security while throwing his weight behind a renewal of Middle East peace talks after a 14-month hiatus. Biden assured Israel of Washington's commitment to its security and preventing Iran from producing nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 3/9/10)(Reuters, 3/9/10)
2010        Mar 9, Israeli officials said Israel wants to build a nuclear power plant, a move that could bring new attention to the country's secretive nuclear activities.
    (AP, 3/9/10)
2010        Mar 9, Japan confirmed for the first time the existence of once-secret Cold War-era pacts with the US that tacitly allowed nuclear-armed warships to enter Japanese ports in violation of Tokyo's postwar principles.
    (AP, 3/9/10)
2010        Mar 9, In Mexico Ramon Pequeno, head of the anti-narcotics division of Mexico's federal police, said that Texas-born Edgar Valdez Villarreal, nicknamed "La Barbie," is battling Hector Beltran Leyva for control of the Beltran Leyva cartel.
    (AP, 3/9/10)
2010        Mar 9, In Somalia fighting between Islamist insurgents and Somali government forces killed five people in Mogadishu. 4 masked gunmen also shot dead an Islamist commander in the capital's Bakara market.
    (AP, 3/9/10)
2010        Mar 9, In Switzerland a senior Google executive welcomed a US decision to relax restrictions on exporting Internet communications services to Iran, Sudan and Cuba.
    (AP, 3/9/10)
2010        Mar 9, Venezuela's government seized control of two sugar mills and threatened to expropriate them, accusing managers of hoarding a basic good and violating the labor rights of employees. The government also raised the price of sugar by 30% as mill owners struggled to turn a profit due to price controls.
    (AP, 3/9/10)

2011        Mar 9, President Barack Obama said he had chosen Commerce Secretary Gary Locke to be the next US ambassador to China, replacing Jon Huntsman, a Republican who is stepping down and mulling a run for the presidency.
    (Reuters, 3/9/11)
2011        Mar 9, The US space shuttle Discovery landed at Kennedy Space Center in Florida completing its 39th and final voyage.
    (SFC, 3/10/11, p.A5)
2011        Mar 9, Illinois Gov. Pat Quinn signed into law a ban on the death penalty and commuted the sentences of 15 death row inmates to life without parole.
    (SFC, 3/10/11, p.A5)
2011        Mar 9, NPR president and CEO Vivian Schiller resigned in the wake of comments by a fellow executive that angered conservatives and renewed calls to end federal funding for public broadcasting.
    (AP, 3/9/11)
2011        Mar 9, US auto giant Ford said it will start exporting its top-selling Figo compact car from India to Mexico and over 50 other countries as it strives to make the South Asian nation an export hub.
    (AFP, 3/9/11)
2011        Mar 9, Forbes magazine said Mexican tycoon Carlos Slim (71), with assets of $74 billion, is the richest person in the world for the second year in a row.
    (Reuters, 3/10/11)
2011        Mar 9, David S. Broder (b.1929), Pulitzer Prize winning columnist for the Washington Post, died in Arlington, Va.
    (SFC, 3/10/11, p.A8)
2011        Mar 9, The 5-day SXSW Interactive festival opened in Austin, Texas. Attendees awarded GroupMe the festival’s Breakout digital Trend award.
    (Econ, 3/26/11, p.74)(http://sxsw.com/interactive/awards/winners)
2011        Mar 9, Robert Phillip "Bob" Marcucci (b.1930), Philadelphia talent manager, died. The former personal manager at Chancellor Records and Robert P. Marcucci Productions discovered and managed the careers of Fabian and Frankie Avalon, amongst others. The 1980 movie, The Idolmaker, is loosely based on his life in the record industry.
    (SFC, 3/16/11, p.A6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Marcucci)
2011        Mar 9, In Australia Todd Bairstow (28) was fishing with his dog at a creek near the town of Weipa in northern Queensland when a four-meter (13-feet) saltwater crocodile lunged at him and tried to drag him under the water. The crocodile only retreated after Bairstow's friend heard his screams from the nearby pub and helped beat off the predator.
    (AP, 3/11/11)
2011        Mar 9, In Egypt attackers, said to be pro-Mubarak thugs, armed with knives and machetes waded into hundreds of pro-democracy activists in Cairo's Tahrir Square, as insecurity raged. Military authorities detained women in Tahrir Square and forced 18 of them to undergo “virginity tests."
    (AFP, 3/9/11)(SFC, 6/1/11, p.A6)(SFC, 6/28/11, p.A2)
2011        Mar 9, In Greece some 250 mostly North African immigrants ended a 6-week hunger strike after government ministers granted them temporary permission to remain in Greece.
    (SFC, 3/10/11, p.A2)
2011        Mar 9, Guyana police Sgt. Dexter Clemenston was accused of raping and sodomizing a 19-year-old recruit after beating him unconscious at the national force's headquarters.
    (AP, 3/10/11)
2011        Mar 9, In Honduras security officials discovered a cocaine lab in a mountainous area in the northeast reachable only on foot or in all-terrain vehicles. Evidence suggested Mexico’s Sinaloa cartel installed and ran the lab.
    (AP, 3/11/11)
2011        Mar 9, Iranian security forces killed three people in the western province of Kurdistan who were behind an attack on a group of environmental workers. IRNA said the three had killed four environmental workers near the city of Sanandaj on March 4.
    (Reuters, 3/10/11)
2011        Mar 9, Ireland's Enda Kenny was elected prime minister with a record majority on and pledged to lift the euro zone struggler out of its "darkest hour" as talks on a bailout loom.
    (Reuters, 3/9/11)
2011        Mar 9, Japan's center-left government named as its new foreign minister Takeaki Matsumoto, who hails from a powerful political family but faces tricky relations with the US, China and Russia.
    (AFP, 3/9/11)
2011        Mar 9, A high-ranking member of the Libyan military flew to Cairo with a message for Egyptian army officials from Moammar Gadhafi, whose troops pounded opposition forces with artillery barrages and gunfire in at least two major cities. Forces loyal to Gaddafi closed in on rebels in the western city of Zawiyah. Rebels said Gaddafi's forces hit an oil pipeline leading to Es Sider and dropped bombs on storage tanks in the Ras Lanuf oil terminal area. Libya's exiled crown prince asked foreign powers to impose a no-fly zone over Libya and strike Gaddafi's air defenses, but said the Libyan people would not want international forces on the ground.
    (AP, 3/9/11)(Reuters, 3/9/11)
2011        Mar 9, Morocco’s King Mohammed VI said the constitution will be revised for the first time in 15 years to strengthen democracy. He said voters will get to vote on the project in a referendum.
    (SFC, 3/10/11, p.A2)
2011        Mar 9, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber struck a funeral attended by anti-Taliban militiamen, killing at least 36 mourners and wounding more than 100 in the deadliest militant attack in the country this year. The Pakistani Taliban claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 3/9/11)
2011        Mar 9, Portugal's two-year cost of borrowing hit the highest level since it joined the euro in a bond auction. The government said yields were unsustainable in the long run without Europe-wide action.
    (Reuters, 3/9/11)
2011        Mar 9, In Puerto Rico masked gunmen raided a waterfront casino, forced gamblers to the floor and fled with more than $200,000, leaving a trail of bills fluttering along the beach.
    (AP, 3/10/11)
2011        Mar 9, Somali pirates released the MV Rak Afrikana cargo ship with 25 crew onboard. The sailors were forced to abandon the ship shortly after they were freed because the it had a hole in the hull and was taking on water. The Rak Afrikana was seized by pirates in April 2010.
    (AP, 3/10/11)
2011        Mar 9, Thailand police officers in Phitsanulok province, acting on information from a previous operation, interrupted the loading of drugs onto trucks overnight. Seven or eight suspects fled during the raid, leaving four bags with 986,000 methamphetamine pills and more than 100 pounds (48 kg) of crystallized methamphetamine.
    (AP, 3/9/11)
2011        Mar 9, Uganda police scuffled with protesters in the capital, Kampala, and tear gas was used. 10 demonstrators and several police were injured. 8 demonstrators were arrested.
    (AP, 3/9/11)
2011        Mar 9, A group of citizens in the United Arab Emirates petitioned the rulers to allow the people to elect parliament. The petition was addressed to the Emirates' president and the ruler of the oil-rich capital Abu Dhabi, Sheik Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan.
    (AP, 3/9/11)
2011        Mar 9, A Yemeni man died of gunshot wounds after the army raided the university campus in Sanaa and opened fire on hundreds of anti-government protesters gathered there.
    (AP, 3/9/11)
2011        Mar 9, Zimbabwe won its biggest foreign investment in a decade with a $750-million steel deal. The agreement gave India's Essar Group a 54% stake in the mothballed state steel firm Zisco, in a deal worth 12.5 times Zimbabwe’s total 2009 recorded foreign investment.
    (AFP, 3/13/11)(http://tinyurl.com/4w97xuq)

2012        Mar 9, Ohio state regulators said a dozen earthquakes in northeastern Ohio were almost certainly induced by injection of gas-drilling wastewater into the earth and announced tougher regulations for drillers.
    (SFC, 3/10/12, p.A5)
2012        Mar 9, In Washington state a man stabbed judge and shot a sheriff’s deputy in a courthouse struggle in Montesano. Steven Daniel Kravitz (35) was arrested the next day. The judge and deputy were treated at a hospital and released.
    (SSFC, 3/11/12, p.A8)
2012        Mar 9, In Afghanistan the US signed a deal transferring the controversial Bagram prison to Afghan control, marking a breakthrough in negotiations over a strategic treaty between the two nations. The US would maintain a presence at the prison to provide advisory, technical and logistical support for a year. Insurgents attacked a checkpoint in Nangarhar province. Two border policemen and three attackers were killed in the ensuing firefight.
    (AFP, 3/9/12)(AP, 3/10/12)
2012        Mar 9, In Bahrain tens of thousands of anti-government protesters flooded a major highway in one of the largest opposition rallies in months against the Gulf nation's Sunni rulers. Security forces fired tear gas at smaller groups attempting to reach a heavily guarded square that was once the hub of the uprising.
    (AP, 3/9/12)
2012        Mar 9, Barclays Bank said Chief Executive Bob Diamond was paid 6.3 million pounds $10 million (6 million pounds) for 2011, down from 9 million in 2010, and his two lieutenants running investment banking were paid slightly more.
    (Reuters, 3/9/12)
2012        Mar 9, In Canada PM Stephen Harper said a new pedestrian link, to be operational by 2014, would help give Toronto's Billy Bishop Airport the service it deserves. The new tunnel will eliminate the need for a short ferry ride to the downtown island airport.
    (Reuters, 3/10/12)
2012        Mar 9, Germany’s Bild daily proclaimed that a bare-breasted front page blond would be the Berlin paper’s last of more than 5,000 women who have appeared since 1984.
    (SFC, 3/10/12, p.A2)
2012        Mar 9, Greece's creditors agreed to take cents on the euro in the biggest debt write down in history. The government said that 83.5 percent of private investors holding its government debt had agreed to a bond swap that would involve them taking a cut in more than half the face value of their investments with softer repayment terms for Greece.
    (AP, 3/9/12)
2012        Mar 9, In Ireland Paul Begley (46), head of Ireland's largest fruit and vegetable producers, was found guilty of dodging taxes and sentenced to 6 years in prison. He had instructed Chinese food suppliers from 2003-2007 to produce false invoices labeling garlic as apples avoiding some $1.8 million in taxes.
    (SFC, 3/10/12, p.A2)
2012        Mar 9, An Israeli airstrike struck a vehicle in Gaza. The airstrike tore apart the blue sedan of militant commander Zuhair al-Qaissi and killed his son-in-law, Mahmoud Hanini, himself a top PRC commander. Another low-ranking Gaza militant also died. Al-Qaissi was the commander of the militant group behind the abduction of Gilad Schalit. Hours later Israeli military killed two more militants that it said were about to launch rockets. Gaza militants in response unleashed a barrage of rockets toward Israel's southern border communities. Some three dozen were fired.
    (AP, 3/9/12)(AFP, 3/9/12)(AP, 3/10/12)
2012        Mar 9, Japan said its Antarctic whaling fleet has killed less than a third of the animals it planned to because of sabotage by activists, as it announced the end of the season's hunt. Whalers killed 266 minke whales and one fin whale, well below the approximately 900 they had been aiming for when they left Japan in December.
    (AFP, 3/9/12)
2012        Mar 9, In Kenya hundreds of nurses marched through the capital in a demand for better pay, even after the government sacked all 25,000 taking part in the strike.
    (AFP, 3/9/12)
2012        Mar 9, Kiribati President Anote Tong said that his Cabinet this week endorsed a plan to buy nearly 6,000 acres on Fiji's main island, Viti Levu. He said the fertile land, being sold by a church group for about $9.6 million, could provide an insurance policy for Kiribati's entire population of 103,000, though he hopes it will never be necessary for everyone to leave.
    (AP, 3/9/12)
2012        Mar 9, The Libyan transitional government won possession of a plush London mansion belonging to a son of the late Libyan dictator Moamer Kadhafi. The house, in the exclusive Hampstead Garden Suburb district of north London, was worth in excess of £10 million ($15.7 million, 12 million euros).
    (AFP, 3/9/12)
2012        Mar 9, In Mexico drug criminals set 25 Guadalajara city buses and other vehicles on fire in 16 different places, spreading fear throughout Mexico's second-largest city.
    (AP, 3/9/12)
2012        Mar 9, Mexican authorities found the remains of 167 people in a southern Mexican cave on the Nuevo Ojo de Agua ranch in an area frequently used by Central American migrants traveling north. Forensic experts believe the remains are at least 50 years old.
    (AP, 3/10/12)
2012        Mar 9, In Nigeria Abu Mohammed, the alleged mastermind of the kidnapping of a Briton and an Italian, died following bullet wounds sustained during a raid in Zaria 2 days earlier.
    (AFP, 3/14/12)
2012        Mar 9, In Pakistan a US drone killed at least eight militants when it fired two missiles on a vehicle in the Shaktoi area of South Waziristan. Taliban militants armed with guns and rockets ambushed a Pakistani military convoy, killing 7 soldiers in the militant stronghold of North Waziristan. 9 militants were also reported killed in the attack.
    (AFP, 3/9/12)
2012        Mar 9, In Pakistan team leader Gerfried Goschl, climber Cedric Hahlen and high altitude porter Nisar Hussain, part of an expedition to Gasherbrum-1, the highest peak in the mountain range on the Pakistan-China border, went missing.
    (AFP, 3/19/12)
2012        Mar 9, In Panama Michel Smith, a fugitive wanted in Canada for 22 murders, was detained in the Playa Coronado tourist region. Canadian police have been looking for Smith, suspected of ties to the Hells Angels motorcycle gang, since a massive 2009 gang sweep in the province of Quebec.
    (AP, 3/12/12)
2012        Mar 9, Russia said it opposed an "unbalanced" Washington-backed UN draft resolution on Syria because it failed to call for a simultaneous halt in violence by the government and rebels.
    (AFP, 3/9/12)
2012        Mar 9, A South African court cleared the way for the world's top retailer Wal-Mart to take its first foothold in Africa by dismissing a government bid to set aside its $2.2 billion takeover of local chain Massmart.
    (AFP, 3/9/12)
2012        Mar 9, Sri Lanka issued a directive imposing censorship on security-related mobile phone messages despite the withdrawal last year of tough emergency laws following the end of its separatist war with Tamil rebels.
    (AFP, 3/12/12)
2012        Mar 9, Sri Lanka’s army said 3 soldiers were found shot dead after an argument between them in the Tamil-majority Jaffna peninsula.
    (AFP, 3/9/12)
2012        Mar 9, The leader of Syria's main opposition group, Burhan Ghalioun, rejected calls by UN envoy Kofi Annan for dialogue with President Bashar Assad's government, saying such talks are pointless and unrealistic as long as the regime massacres its own people. Activists said at least 26 people were killed across Syria today.
    (AP, 3/9/12)
2012        Mar 9, In Ukraine Oksana Makar (18) was invited by two young men, ages 21 and 23, to their friend's apartment, where the three men allegedly gang-raped her, tried to choke her to death, wrapped her in a sheet, took her to a construction site, dumped her in a pit and set her on fire. After surgery 55% of her skin was gone, her kidneys were completely burned, and one of her arms and both her feet had to be amputated. The suspects were arrested the next day, but two of them were released soon after. The two men who were released are the sons of former government officials. On March 13 the two men were arrested, and all three suspects were charged with attempted murder. Makar died of her injuries on March 29. Murder was added to the rape chargers against the suspects.
    (http://tinyurl.com/798q68z)(AP, 3/29/12)

2013        Mar 9, An asteroid as big as a city block shot relatively close by the Earth. Discovered just six days ago, the 460-foot long (140m) Asteroid 2013 ET passed about 600,000 miles from Earth.
    (Reuters, 3/9/13)
2013        Mar 9, In Kentucky 2 adults and 5 children were killed in a house fire in Gray, Knox County.
    (SSFC, 3/10/13, p.A8)
2013        Mar 9, In Renton, Washington, Robert Taylor (82) and his wife Norma (80) were killed in an overnight attack. Michael Boysen (26), their grandson recently released from prison, was suspected of their murder. Boysen was captured with a self-inflicted cut in a hotel room on March 12.
    (SFC, 2/12/13, p.A4)(SFC, 3/13/13, p.A6)
2013        Mar 9, In Afghanistan militants staged two suicide attacks that killed at least 19 people in Kabul an d Khost city on the first full day of US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel's visit.
    (AP, 3/9/13)
2013        Mar 9, An Egyptian court confirmed the death sentences against 21 people for taking part in a Feb, 2012, deadly soccer riot but acquitted 7 police officials for their alleged role in the violence. Suspected fans enraged by the verdict torched the soccer federation headquarters and a police club in Cairo in protest. In unrelated violence, at least 2 protesters were killed in clashes between riot police and demonstrators throwing stones on a Nile-side street in central Cairo.
    (AP, 3/9/13)
2013        Mar 9, Max Jakobson (89), a former Finnish diplomat, died. He helped shape his country's policy of neutrality during the Cold War.
    (AP, 3/21/13)
2013        Mar 9, In Japan thousands of people rallied in a Tokyo park, demanding an end to atomic power and vowing never to give up the fight, despite two years of little change after the Fukushima nuclear disaster.
    (AP, 3/9/13)
2013        Mar 9, Jordan's parliament voted for the monarchy's caretaker prime minister to form a new Cabinet, the first time in the country's history that the legislature rather than the king has decided who will be head of government. Abdullah Ensour, a former liberal lawmaker, was elected.
    (AP, 3/9/13)
2013        Mar 9, Kenya's election commission named Uhuru Kenyatta the winner of the country's presidential election with 50.07%. Opponent, PM Raila Odinga, refused defeat and alleged multiple failures in the vote saying Kenya's democracy was on trial.
    (AP, 3/9/13)(SSFC, 3/10/13, p.A5)
2013        Mar 9, Malaysia police said they have detained 79 suspects linked to the Filipino intruders in Borneo.
    (SSFC, 3/10/13, p.A6)
2013        Mar 9, In Myanmar the opposition National League for Democracy, founded in 1988, began its first ever national congress.
    (Econ, 3/16/13, p.41)
2013        Mar 9, Ansaru, a breakaway Islamic extremist group in Nigeria, said it killed 7 foreigners who its members kidnapped from northern Nigeria on Feb 16. Those kidnapped included three Lebanese citizens and one each from Britain, Greece, Italy and the Philippines — all employees of Setraco, a Lebanese construction company with an operation in Bauchi state.
    (AP, 3/9/13)
2013        Mar 9, North Korea formally rejected a UN Security Council resolution that demands an end to its nuclear arms program, as China called for calm, saying sanctions were not the "fundamental" way to resolve tensions on the Korean peninsula.
    (AP, 3/9/13)
2013        Mar 9, In eastern Pakistan hundreds of people in Lahore ransacked a Christian neighborhood and torched dozens of homes after hearing reports that a Christian man had committed blasphemy against Islam's prophet. A bomb exploded in a Sunni mosque in the northwest, killing at least four people and wounding more than 25 others in Peshawar.
    (AP, 3/9/13)
2013        Mar 9, Syrian rebels released 21 UN Filipino peacekeepers, captured on March 6, and handed them to Jordanian authorities. Government airstrikes killed at least 14 people in the northern province of Raqqa. Gunmen kidnapped and killed a mediator's son, Kifah Bitar, and another man, Rony Elias, in a Christian village near Homs.
    (AP, 3/9/13)(AP, 3/10/13)(AP, 3/11/13)

2014        Mar 9, In NYC thousands of ultra-Orthodox Jews filled the streets of lower Manhattan to protest Israel’s decision to draft strictly religious citizens into its army.
    (SFC, 3/10/14, p.A6)
2014        Mar 9, Afghanistan's influential VP Mohammad Qasim Fahim (57) died. He was a leading commander in the alliance that fought the Taliban and was later accused with other warlords of targeting civilian areas during the country's civil war. A bomb exploded near a store, killing 2 civilians and wounding two others in the Spin Boldak district of Kandahar province.
    (AP, 3/9/14)
2014        Mar 9, The Arab League endorsed Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas's rejection of Israel's demand for recognition as a Jewish state, as US-backed peace talks approach a deadline next month.
    (Reuters, 3/9/14)
2014        Mar 9, Brazilian officials inaugurated the Arena da Amazonia in the jungle city of Manaus, the ninth World Cup stadium to become available for football's showcase event. Three still have to be finished, including the one hosting the opener in Sao Paulo in about three months.
    (AP, 3/9/14)
2014        Mar 9, Colombia held congressional elections. Voters showed lukewarm support for peace talks with guerrillas by giving the country's president a majority in Congress, but also electing his conservative rival, ex-president Alvaro Uribe, to the senate.
    (AFP, 3/10/14)
2014        Mar 9, In Cuba Melba Hernandez (b.1921), a "heroine of the Cuban Revolution," died. She was one of two women who helped Fidel Castro launch his revolutionary battle with a failed 1953 attack on the Moncada military barracks.
    (AP, 3/10/14)
2014        Mar 9, Egypt's powerful military chief launched a housing initiative to build a million homes in cooperation with a major Emirati construction firm, the first campaign-style move by Field Marshal Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, who is widely expected to run for president.
    (AP, 3/9/14)
2014        Mar 9, El Salvador held elections. Former Marxist guerrilla leader Salvador Sanchez Ceren (FMLN) was expected to win the presidency after promising to expand social programs for the poor and fending off his opponent's claims that he will impose radical policies.
    (Reuters, 3/9/14)(AP, 3/10/14)
2014        Mar 9, Two Indonesian naval personnel were killed during an inspection aboard a Thai fishing boat in Indonesian waters. Thailand police soon arrested three suspects. Four more were arrested in April.
    (AP, 4/4/14)
2014        Mar 9, In southern Iraq a suicide bomber driving a minibus packed with explosives killed 21 civilians and 15 security personnel in Hillah. A gun attack on a checkpoint North of Hilla left 2 policemen dead and four others wounded. In Abu Ghraib gunmen shot dead at least 2 soldiers and wound one at an army checkpoint. Six attacks north of the capital killed 3 policemen and two soldiers and wound nearly 40.
    (www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-26505128)(SFC, 3/10/14, p.A2)
2014        Mar 9, Italian authorities in the northern city of Lecco arrested an Albanian mother who confessed to stabbing to death her three young daughters. The father had departed for Albania a day earlier, and the mother had no job.
    (AP, 3/9/14)
2014        Mar 9, In Japan thousands of people rallied in Tokyo and marched to parliament to demand an end to nuclear power.
    (SFC, 3/10/14, p.A2)
2014        Mar 9, Japanese astronaut Koichi Wakata (50) assumed command of the Int’l. Space Station (ISS).
    (SSFC, 3/16/14, p.A4)
2014        Mar 9, Libya's Defense Ministry said it has authorized the military to use force to stop a North Korean-flagged tanker from loading crude oil at a rebel-held port, bypassing the Tripoli government.
    (Reuters, 3/9/14)
2014        Mar 9, In Mexico Nazario Moreno Gonzalez, a leader of the Knights Templar, was killed in a shootout with police near Apatzingan, Michoacan state. He had been reported slain in 2010, but his body was never found.
    (SFC, 3/10/14, p.A2)
2014        Mar 9, Almost all North Koreans cast their ballots in a pre-determined election for a rubber-stamp parliament, an exercise that doubles as a national head count and may offer clues to power shifts in Pyongyang.
    (AFP, 3/9/14)
2014        Mar 9, A court in Oman sentenced a former executive of an engineering firm to a total of 15 years in jail for five counts of bribery in exchange for contracts from a state-owned oil company. This was the second against former managing director of Galfar Engineering and Contracting, Mohammed Ali, who was sentenced to three years in jail in January over bribes made to Petroleum Development Oman (PDO).
    (Reuters, 3/9/14)
2014        Mar 9, Russians took over a Ukrainian border post on the western edge of Crimea, trapping about 15 personnel inside. Germany's Angela Merkel delivered a rebuke to President Vladimir Putin, telling him that a planned Moscow-backed referendum on whether Crimea should join Russia was illegal and violated Ukraine's constitution.
    (Reuters, 3/9/14)
2014        Mar 9, A Sierra Leone airport official said International airlines have cancelled flights to and from Sierra Leone after a UN aviation regulator discovered that the only functioning fire engine at its main airport had broken down.
    (Reuters, 3/9/14)
2014        Mar 9, Somali officials said African peacekeepers (AMISOM) operating with government forces have recaptured several strategic towns in the southwest from the Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab militia. Witnesses reported fierce fighting in Buudhubow.
    (AFP, 3/9/14)
2014        Mar 9, In Syria Ali Moustafa, a Canadian freelance photographer, was killed alongside 7 other people after government aircraft dropped two explosive-laden containers in the rebel-held Hadariyeh area of Aleppo.
    (AP, 3/9/14)
2014        Mar 9, Yemeni sources said at least 40 people have been killed in three days of fighting between Shi'ite Muslim rebels and Sunni tribesmen.
    (Reuters, 3/9/14)

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