Today in History - March 14

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Pi day, the third month and the 14th day (3.14), which represents the approximate ratio of a circle’s circumference to its diameter. The 16th letter of the Greek alphabet was 1st used as a mathematical symbol in 1706 by William Jones. On March 12, 2009, the US House of Representatives passed a non-binding resolution recognizing March 14, 2009 as National Pi Day.
    ( )(SFEC, 3/14/99, p.C5)(WSJ, 3/15/05, p.B1)

840        Mar 14, Eginhard (69), French nobleman, biographer (Vita Karoli Magni), died.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1559        Mar 14, Jacques d'Auchy, Walloon Baptist merchant, was executed.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1573        Mar 14, Claude II of Lotharingen, duke of Aumale, died. He murdered Huguenot leader Adm. Coligny. (see Aug 24, 1572]
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1629        Mar 14, A Royal charter was granted to the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
    (HN, 3/14/98)

1644        Mar 14, Roger Williams of Providence, Rhode Island, was issued a charter in the name of the king, which connected the towns of Providence, Portsmouth, and Newport under the title of "the Incorporation of Providence Plantations in the Narragansett Bay in New England." A March 24 date is also common for this and reflects later use of the new style calendar.

1681        Mar 14, Georg Philipp Telemann, late baroque composer, was born in Magdeburg, Germany.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1692        Mar 14, Peter Musschenbroek, Dutch physician, physicist (Leyden jar), was born.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1727        Mar 14, Johann Gottlieb Goldberg, composer, was born.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1743        Mar 14, The first recorded town meeting in America was held at Faneuil Hall in Boston.
    (AP, 3/14/97)

1755        Mar 14, Pierre-Louis Couperin, composer, was born.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1757        Mar 14, John Byng (52), British Admiral, was executed by a firing squad on board HMS Monarch for neglect of duty. Early in the Seven Years' War (1756-1763), Byng was called on to relieve a British fort on the Mediterranean island of Minorca which was being attacked by French forces. He was sent with a small, undermanned fleet. Several ship were badly damaged in subsequent skirmishes with the French, prompting Byng to turn back to Gibraltar. The fort was eventually forced to capitulate. He was brought home, court-martialled and executed for breach of Articles of War. In 2007 his descendants sought a posthumous pardon.
    (HN, 3/14/99)(Reuters, 3/15/07)(

1768        Mar 14, Vigilio Blasio Faitello (58), composer, died.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1790        Mar 14, Captain Bligh returned to England with news of the mutiny on the Bounty.
    (ON, 3/04, p.9)

1794        Mar 14, Eli Whitney received a patent for his cotton gin, an invention that revolutionized America's cotton industry. He paid substantial royalties to Catherine T. Greene and this makes his claim to the invention suspect.
    (AP, 3/14/97)(SFC, 10/4/97, p.E3)

1800        Mar 14, James Bogardus, US inventor, builder (made cast-iron buildings), was born.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1801        Mar 14, Christian Friedrich Penzel (63), composer, died.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1803        Mar 14, Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock (78), German poet, died.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1804        Mar 14, Johann Strauss (d.1849), Austrian orchestra conductor and composer, was born. His son was also named Johann (1825-1899).
    (WUD, 1994, p.1405)(HN, 3/14/98)

1812        Mar 14, The US Congress authorized war bonds to finance War of 1812.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1820        Mar 14, Victor Emmanuel II, King of Sardinia (1849-61) and Italy (1861-78), was born.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1821        Mar 14, African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church founded in NY.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1833        Mar 14, Lucy Hobbs Taylor, first woman dentist, was born.
    (HN, 3/14/98)

1854        Mar 14, Thomas Riley Marshall, 28th U.S. Vice President (Woodrow Wilson), was born.
    (HN, 3/14/98)
1854        Mar 14, Paul Ehrlich, German bacteriologist, was born. He later received the Nobel Prize for medicine.
    (HN, 3/14/99)

1861        Mar 14, Abraham Louis Niedermeyer (58), composer, died.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1862        Mar 14, Battle of New Bern, NC. General Burnside conquered New Bern, a strategic port and rail hub.
    (AM, 11/04, p.28)

1863        Mar 14, Asbury Harpending (24) of Kentucky, Ridgely Greathouse of Kentucky and Alfred Rubery of Britain set sail from San Francisco with 20 fighting men aboard the J.M. Chapman on an expedition to intercept outbound Panama steamers loaded with gold and silver and send the money to the Confederacy. They were quickly intercepted, taken to Alcatraz, and found guilty of high treason. Harpending was granted amnesty after four months in jail.
    (SFC, 3/15/14, p.D2)

1864        Mar 14, Casey Jones (John Luther Jones), railroad engineer, was born.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.26)(HN, 3/14/01)(MC, 3/14/02)
1864        Mar 14, Rossini's "Petite Messe Solennelle," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 3/14/02)
1864        Mar 14, Samuel and Florence Baker arrived at Lake Luta N’Zige and named it Lake Albert. They soon found that the Nile entered the lake at a 130-foot waterfall that they named Murchison Falls (Uganda) after the president of the British Royal Geographical Society. In 2004 Pat shipman authored “To the Heart of the Nile: Lady Florence Baker and the Exploration of Central Africa."
    (ON, 10/01, p.12)(Econ, 4/24/04, p.87)

1875        Mar 14, Smetana's "Vysehrad," premiered.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1879        Mar 14, Physicist Albert Einstein, mathematician best known for his theories on relativity was born in Ulm, Germany. He received the Physics Nobel Prize in 1921.
    (CFA, ‘96,Vol 179,  p.42)(AP, 3/14/97)(HN, 3/14/02)(MC, 3/15/02)

1883        Mar 14, Karl Marx (64), German political philosopher (Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital), died in London.
    (AP, 3/14/97)(MC, 3/14/02)

1885        Mar 14, Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "Mikado," premiered in London.
    (WSJ, 11/22/00, p.A20)(MC, 3/14/02)

1891        Mar 14, A mob in New Orleans broke open a jail after a court dismissed charges against 19 Italian men indicted for the murder of police chief David C. Hemmessey. 11 of 19 defendants were hanged. The book "Vendetta" by Richard Gambino, and the movie of the same name, covered the event.
    (SSFC, 2/1/04, p.M3)

1898        Mar 14, Henry Bessemer (b.1813), English inventor and mechanical engineer, died. Bessemer developed the first process for mass-producing steel inexpensively.
    (ON, 9/06, p.6)(

1900        Mar 14, Congress ratified the Gold Standard Act for U.S. currency.
    (AP, 3/14/97)(HN, 3/14/98)

1901        Mar 14, 1st performance of Anton Bruckner's 6th Symphony in A.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1903        Mar 14, The Senate ratified the Hay-Herran Treaty which guaranteed the U.S. the right to build a canal at Panama. The treaty promised Colombia $10 million plus $250,000 annually for a zone 6 miles wide.
    (HN, 3/14/98)(ON, 1/00, p.2)
1903        Mar 14, The 1st national bird reservation was established in Sebastian, Florida.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1906        Apr 14, Russian writer Maxim Gorky was in NYC raising funds for the revolt in Russia. He had just been ordered out of 2 respectable hotels due to his relationship with Russian actress Mlle. Andreivea.
    (SFC, 4/15/06, p.A7)

1907        Mar 14, President Theodore Roosevelt signed an executive order designed to prevent Japanese laborers from immigrating to the United States as part of a "gentlemen's agreement" with Japan.
    (AP, 3/14/07)

1912        Mar 14, An anarchist named Antonio Dalba unsuccessfully attempted to kill Italy’s King Victor Emmanuel III in Rome.
    (HN, 3/14/98)

1915        Mar 14, Stunt pilot Lincoln Beachey (b.1887) plunged into the shallows of SF Bay and was killed as some 50,000 fans watched his performance during the Panama-Pacific Expo. The battleship USS Oregon recovered the plane and body.
    (SSFC, 3/15/15, p.C2)
1915        Mar 14, The British Navy sank the German battleship Dresden off the Chilean coast.
    (HN, 3/14/98)

1916        Mar 14, In the Battle of Verdun Germans attacked on Mort-Homme ridge, West of Verdun.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1917        Mar 14, China broke off diplomatic relations with Germany.
    (HN, 3/14/98)

1918        Mar 14, An all-Russian Congress of Soviets ratified a peace treaty with the Central Powers.
    (HN, 3/14/98)

1919        Mar 14, Max Shulman, novelist (Many Loves of Dobie Gillis, Tender Trap), was born.
    (MC, 3/14/02)
1919        Mar 14, Emile Cottin was condemned to death for the attempt on the life of Clemenceau.
    (HN, 3/14/98)

1920        Mar 14, Hank Ketchum, cartoonist (Dennis the Menace), was born in Seattle, Wa.
    (MC, 3/14/02)(

1923        Mar 14, Diane Arbus [Nemerov] (d.1971), photographer, innovator (Vogue and Harper's Bazaar), was born in NYC. In 1984 Patricia Bosworth authored: "Diane Arbus: A Biography."
    (MC, 3/14/02)(Internet)
1923        Mar 14, President Harding became the first chief executive to file an income tax report.
    (AP, 3/14/97)
1923        Mar 14, German Supreme Court prohibited the NSDAP (Nazi Party).
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1928        Mar 14, Frank Borman, astronaut (Gem 7, Ap 8), CEO (Eastern Airline), was born in Gary, Ind.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1932        Mar 14, George Eastman (77), US industrialist (Kodak-camera), committed suicide.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1933        Mar 14, Michael Caine, [Maurice J. Micklewhite Jr.], actor (Alfie), was born in London.
    (MC, 3/14/02)(SSFC, 2/9/03, Par p.4)
1933        Mar 14, Winston Churchill wanted to boost air defense.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1934        Mar 14, Eugene Cerna, American Astronaut who was the last man on the moon, was born.
    (HN, 3/14/00)

1936        Mar 14, Hitler told a crowd of 300,000 that Germany’s only judge is God and itself.
    (HN, 3/14/98)

1939        Mar 14, Nash Kelvinator and IBM were removed from the DJIA. AT&T was again added to the DJIA along with United Aircraft.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-42)(WSJ, 4/2/04, p.C4)
1939        Mar 14, The republic of Czechoslovakia was dissolved, opening the way for Nazi occupation of Czech areas and the separation of Slovakia.
    (AP, 3/14/08)

1940        Mar 14, Rita Tushingham, actress (Green Eyes, Dr Zhivago), was born in Liverpool, England.
    (MC, 3/14/02)
1940        Mar 14, A truck full of migrant workers collided with a train outside McAllen, Texas. 27 people were killed and 15 injured.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1941        Mar 14, Xavier Cugat and his Orchestra recorded "Babalu."
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1943        Mar 14, Aaron Copland’s "Fanfare for the Common Man" premiered in New York, with George Szell conducting.
    (AP, 3/14/97)
1943        Mar 14, The Germans reoccupied Kharkov in the Soviet Union.
    (HN, 3/14/98)

1945        Mar 14, Sgt. 1st Class Marvin Steinford, a native of Iowa, was part of a 10-man crew of a B-17 bomber which was hit, while returning to its base in Italy from a mission over Hungary. In 2004 his remains were found in a grave in the town on Zirc in western Hungary, where he had been buried with 26 Soviet soldiers. In 2009 his remains were returned to the US.
    (AP, 8/4/09)
1945        Mar 14, Chile declared war on Germany.
    (HN, 3/14/98)
1945          Mar 14, A supreme Lithuanian independence committee was re-formed in Germany. The committee was 1st formed Nov 25, 1943, in Lithuania.
    (LHC, 3/14/03)

1947        Mar 14, Billy Crystal, comedian (Soap, SNL, City Slickers), was born in Long Beach, NY.
    (MC, 3/14/02)
1947        Mar 14, The U.S. signed a 99-year lease on naval bases in the Philippines.
    (HN, 3/14/98)

1950        Mar 14, The FBI began its "10 Most Wanted" list after a reporter asked for the names and descriptions of the "toughest guys" the FBI would like to capture.
    (SFEC, 4/30/00, Par p.4)

1951        Mar 14, During the Korean War, United Nations forces recaptured Seoul.
    (AP, 3/14/97)

1952        Mar 14, J. Fred Muggs, chimp on the Today show, was born.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1958        Mar 14, RIAA certified its 1st gold record: Perry Como's Catch A Falling Star.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1964        Mar 14, In San Francisco over 200 demonstrators invaded the Cadillac agency at Van Ness Avenue and O’Farrell over alleged discriminatory hiring practices. Police arrested 166 people and attorney Patrick Hallinan arranged their bail releases.
    (SSFC, 3/9/14, DB p.42)
1964        Mar 14, A jury in Dallas found Jack Ruby guilty of murdering Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President Kennedy, the previous November.
    (AP, 3/14/97)

1965        Mar 14, Israel's cabinet formally approved establishing diplomatic relations with West Germany.
    (AP, 3/14/99)

1967        Mar 14, The body of President Kennedy was moved from a temporary grave to a permanent memorial site at Arlington National Cemetery.
    (AP, 3/14/98)(HN, 3/14/98)   

1969        Mar 14, US Supreme Court Justice Abe Fortas resigned under pressure for the acceptance of an allegedly illegal payment from a former business associate.
1969        Mar 14, Ben Shahn (1898), Lithuanian-born American painter and photographer, died in NYC. Much of his photography of done in New York’s Lower East Side and Greenwich Village.
    (WSJ, 12/1/98, p.A20)(WSJ, 2/1/00, p.A24)(

1972        Mar 14, Pres. Nixon remarked "It’s better to chase girls than boys…" after columnist Jack Anderson reported that Ambassador Arthur Watson had groped flight attendants on a trip home from Paris. A Congressional investigation prompted Watson’s resignation.
    (SFC, 3/1/02, p.A3)

1976        Mar 14, Busby Berkeley (b.1895), US film director and choreographer, died.

1977        Mar 14, Fannie Lou Hamer (b.1917), Mississippi civil rights champion, died. She had helped register black voters when doing so put her own life in danger. She was instrumental in organizing Mississippi Freedom Summer for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and later became the Vice-Chair of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party.
    (SFC, 10/6/12, p.A5)(

1978        Mar 14, An Israeli force of 22,000 invaded south Lebanon, hitting the PLO bases.

1980        Mar 14, Pres. Carter signed Executive order 12201 imposing credit controls to reduce inflation. Credit usage plunged and GDP fell by an annualized 8%, the steepest quarterly drop in 50 years.
    (Econ, 10/18/08, p.85)(
1980        Mar 14, A Polish airliner crashed while making an emergency landing  near Warsaw, killing all 87 people aboard, including 22 members of a U.S. amateur boxing team.
    (AP, 3/14/97)

1982        Mar 14, In Guatemala in Cuarto Pueblo 309 villagers were killed over three days by government troops.
    (SFC, 12/9/96, p.A18)
1982        Mar 14, South African police bombed the London offices of the African National Congress. Gen'l. Johann Coetzee commander of apartheid police and 8 officers received amnesty in 1999. Col. Eugene de Kock testified in 1998 that he blew up a building belonging to the African National Congress in London and received a Star of Excellence medal approved by Pres. Botha.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A12)(SFC, 10/16/99, p.A16)(

1987        Mar 14, President Reagan, in his Saturday radio address, said he should have listened to Secretary of State George P. Shultz and Defense Sec. Caspar Weinberger when they advised him not to sell arms to Iran.
    (AP, 3/14/97)

1988        Mar 14, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir arrived in Washington, D.C., with what he called new ideas for Middle East peace talks, despite maintaining a hard-line on Israel’s retention of the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 3/14/98)

1989        Mar 14, In a policy shift, the Bush administration announced an indefinite ban on imports of semiautomatic assault rifles.
    (AP, 3/14/99)

1990        Mar 14, The United States, the Soviet Union, Britain, France, and West and East Germany held their first formal meeting on reunifying the German states.
    (AP, 3/14/00)
1990        Mar 14, The Soviet Congress elected Mikhail S. Gorbachev president of the Soviet Congress, a day after creating the post.
    (HN, 3/14/98)(AP, 3/14/00)

1991        Mar 14, Speakers at a Los Angeles Police Commission hearing demanded the ouster of Chief Daryl F. Gates in the wake of the videotaped police beating of motorist Rodney King.
    (AP, 3/14/01)
1991        Mar 14, Doc Pomus (b.1925), American blues singer and songwriter, died. He collaborated with pianist Mort Shuman to write the hit songs: "Teenager in Love"; "Save The Last Dance For Me"; "Hushabye"; "This Magic Moment"; "Turn Me Loose"; "Sweets For My Sweet"; "Can't Get Used To Losing You"; "Little Sister"; "Suspicion"; "Surrender"; "Viva Las Vegas"; and "His Latest Flame (Marie's The Name)." In 2007 Alex Halberstadt authored “Lonely Avenue: The Unlikely Life and Times of Doc Pomus."
1991        Mar 14, The emir of Kuwait (Sheik Jaber al-Ahmed al-Sabah) returned home after seven months in exile.
    (AP, 3/14/01)
1991        Mar 14, A British court reversed the convictions of the "Birmingham Six," who had spent 16 years in prison for an Irish Republican Army bombing, and ordered them released after a court agreed that the police fabricated evidence.
    (HN, 3/14/99)(AP, 3/14/01)

1992        Mar 14, The Associated Press obtained the names of 22 of 24 of the worst offenders in the check overdraft scandal at the House bank; topping the list were former Rep. Tommy Robinson of Arkansas and Rep. Bob Mrazek of New York, both Democrats.
    (AP, 3/14/97)
1992        Mar 14, Soviet newspaper "Pravda" suspended publication.
1992        Mar 14, Steven Brian Pennell (34), serial killer, was executed. This was the 1st execution in Delaware in 45 years.
1992        Mar 14, Jean Poiret (65), French actor, writer (La Cage aux Folles), died.

1993        Mar 14, An independent U.N.-sponsored commission released a report blaming the bulk of atrocities committed during El Salvador’s civil war on the country’s military.
    (AP, 3/14/98)

1994        Mar 14, Associate Attorney General Webster Hubbell, a longtime friend of President and Mrs. Clinton, resigned because of controversy over billings he'd charged while in private law practice.
    (AP, 3/14/99)(
1994        Mar 14, US Secretary of State Warren Christopher wrapped up three days of meetings with Chinese leaders, who rejected attempts to link their human rights record with preferred trade status.
    (AP, 3/14/99)

1995        Mar 14, American astronaut Norman Thagard became the first American to enter space aboard a Russian rocket as he and two cosmonauts blasted off  aboard a Soyuz spacecraft, headed for the Mir space station.
       (AP, 3/14/97)

1996        Mar 14, During a visit to Israel, President Clinton pledged $100 million to the fight against terrorism.
    (AP, 3/14/97)
1996        Mar 14, The US approved arms and equipment for Bosnia. It was the same day that the UN embargo on small arms for the region was lifted. In the following weeks M-16 rifles, machine guns, field phone systems, and military radio equipment arrived in Bosnia.
    (SFC, 5/24/96, p.A12)
1996        Mar 14, Steve Forbes dropped his quest for the Republican presidential nomination after spending $30 million of his own money.
    (AP, 3/14/97)

1997        Mar 14, Surgeons at Bethesda Naval Medical Center repaired a painful torn knee tendon in President Clinton’s right leg. The injury had been caused by a freak middle-of-the-night stumble at golfer Greg Norman’s Florida home.
    (AP, 3/14/98)
1997        Mar 14, The Dow Jones Industrial Average was updated with 4 new companies. Bethlehem Steel, Texaco, Westinghouse Electric and Woolworth were taken off the list and replaced by Hewlett-Packard, Wal-Mart Stores, Johnson & Johnson, and the Travelers Group.
    (SFC, 3/13/97, p.A1,15)
1997        Mar 14, Fred Zinnemann (89), film director, died of heart attack in London, England.
1997        Mar 14, In Albania chaos and anarchy spread and some 23 people were reported killed across the country. The US and Italy were airlifting citizens out of the country. Near the Macedonian border a $10 million cigarette plant was burned down.
    (SFC, 3/15/97, p.A10)
1997        Mar 14, In northeastern Iran a C-130 military cargo plane crashed near Mashad and all 86 people aboard were believed killed.
    (SFC, 3/15/97, p.A19)
1997        Mar 14, In Mexico five Zapatista guerrillas were killed in a clash with the police in Chiapas. Four were injured and 27 wounded when police dislodged hundreds who had been squatting on a farm near San Pedro Nixtalucum.
    (SFC, 3/17/97, p.A8)
1997        Mar 14, In Zaire after a 3 week siege of Kisangani, rebels attacked the city, the 3rd largest in the country.
    (SFC, 3/15/97, p.A10)

1997        Mar 15, An art show that featured 13 oil paintings by Dr. Kevorkian opened in Royal Oak, Mich. They depicted severed heads, moldering skulls and rotting corpses.
    (SFC, 3/17/97, p.A2)

1998        Mar 14, India's Congress party picked Sonia Gandhi, the Italian-born widow of assassinated prime minister Rajiv Gandhi, as its new president.
    (SFEC, 3/15/98, p.A13)(AP, 3/14/99)
1998        Mar 14, In Iran a 6.4 earthquake hit in the southeast and at least 5 people were killed and thousands left homeless.
    (SFEC, 3/15/98, p.A22)(AP, 3/14/99)

1999        Mar 14, The Clinton administration conceded the Chinese had gained from technology allegedly stolen from a federal nuclear weapons lab but insisted the government responded decisively; Republicans demanded a comprehensive review of U.S. policy toward China.
    (AP, 3/14/00)
1999        Mar 14, In southeastern Congo rebels reportedly killed over 100 villagers in retaliation for an attack by pro-government militia. Moise Nyarugabo, head of the rebel Congolese Democratic Coalition said his forces killed at least 150 Zimbabwean soldiers allied to Kabila at Kabinda. Zimbabwe denied the report.
    (SFC, 3/15/99, p.A9)(SFC, 3/17/99, p.C3)
1999        Mar 14, In India a fire swept a New Delhi shantytown and at least 22 people were killed in the Vijay Ghat district.
    (SFC, 3/15/99, p.A9)
1999        Mar 14, In Kosovo heavy fighting preceded the resumption of peace talks in Paris.
    (SFC, 3/15/99, p.A1)
1999        Mar 14, In Turkmenistan the warring factions of Afghanistan agreed in principle to a peace deal.
    (SFC, 3/15/99, p.A8)
1999        Mar 14, In Venezuela Irene Saez, a former Miss Universe, won the governorship of Margarita Island.
    (SFC, 3/15/99, p.A9)

2000        Mar 14, Pres. Clinton and PM Tony Blair said that the raw data of human genes "should be made freely available to scientists everywhere."
    (SFC, 3/15/00, p.A1)
2000        Mar 14, Republican George W. Bush and Democrat Al Gore clinched their presidential nominations in a sweep of Southern primaries.
    (AP, 3/14/01)
2000        Mar 14, It was reported the Hugh McColl (64), CEO of Bank of America, received over $50 million in stock and options in 1999 despite low earnings and a plunging stock price.
    (SFC, 3/14/00, p.A1)
2000        Mar 14, Defending champion Doug Swingley drove his dog team to victory in the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race.
    (AP, 3/14/01)
2000        Mar 14, In Florida a state judge ruled the 1-year-old school voucher program unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 3/15/00, p.A3)
2000        Mar 14, 5 convoys of trucks were reported heading for Washington DC to protest the rising cost of fuel and low freight rates.
    (SFC, 3/14/00, p.A3)
2000        Mar 14, In Chile authorities arrested former Gen. Eduardo Iturriaga for the 1975 shooting of former Vice Pres. Bernardo Leighton and his wife, Ana, in Rome.
    (SFC, 3/15/00, p.A10)
2000        Mar 14, In China an official was sentenced to death for embezzling $1.4 million that was meant to help relocate 1.3 million people displaced by the Three Gorges dam project.
    (WSJ, 3/15/00, p.A1)

2001        Mar 14, Doug Swingley won the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race in Alaska for the third straight year.
    (AP, 3/14/02)
2001        Mar 14, Inspectors tightened U.S. defenses against foot-and-mouth disease a day after a case was confirmed in France.
    (AP, 3/14/02)
2001        Mar 14, The DJIA fell 317 to close at 9,973. The Nasdaq fell 42 to close at 1,972.
    (SFC, 3/15/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 14, Bristol-Myers proposed a $1 a day price per patient for its 2 AIDS medicines to sub-Saharan African countries.
    (SFC, 3/15/01, p.A12)
2001        Mar 14, Seven men were killed by police in a Kingston suburb during an alleged shootout. 3 of the dead were under 18. In 2003 five police officers were charged with murder in the deaths of the 7 young men.
    (SFC, 4/11/01, p.C3)(AP, 11/12/03)
2001        Mar 14, In Macedonia the ethnic Albanian National Liberation Army (UCK) extended its fight to Tetovo, the country’s 2nd largest city.
    (SFC, 3/15/01, p.A12)

2002        Mar 14, The US Justice Dept. unveiled a criminal indictment against Arthur Anderson LLP on obstruction of justice charges in the Enron case.
    (SFC, 3/15/02, p.A1)
2002        Mar 14, The Bush administration demanded that PM Ariel Sharon order a withdrawal from Palestinian controlled areas.
    (SFC, 3/15/02, p.A1)
2002        Mar 14, VP Cheney traveled to Yemen to press for joint efforts against remnants of al Qaeda.
    (SFC, 3/15/02, p.A14)
2002        Mar 14, A New Jersey federal grand jury indicted Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh for the kidnapping and murder of journalist Daniel Pearl in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 3/15/02, p.A14)
2002        Mar 14, John C. Polkinghorne, a British mathematical physicist and Anglican priest, was named winner of the 2002 $1 million Templeton Prize.
    (SFC, 3/15/02, p.A4)
2002        Mar 14, It was reported that scientists had developed a brain implant that allowed monkeys to control a computer cursor by thought alone.
    (SFC, 3/14/02, p.A2)
2002        Mar 14, In Georgia a 125-vehicle pileup left 4 people dead on foggy I-75.
    (SFC, 3/15/02, p.A3)
2002        Mar 14, PM Ariel Sharon announced a staged withdrawal from Ramallah ending the 2-week "Operation Vital Security" and met with US envoy Anthony Zinni.
    (SFC, 3/15/02, p.A1)(SFC, 3/16/02, p.A7)
2002        Mar 14, In Pakistan Pres. Musharraf said the war in Afghanistan is over. The 12 day Operation Anaconda left as many as 800 enemy fighters dead.
    (SFC, 3/15/02, p.A14)
2002        Mar 14, Yugoslavia was declared dead as Serbia and Montenegro agreed to rename their federation: "Serbia and Montenegro."
    (SFC, 3/15/02, p.A6)
2002        Mar 14, Yugoslav military forces arrested a US diplomat and Yugoslav general outside Belgrade with accusations of espionage. The diplomat was released after 15 hours. Former Gen. Perisic, deputy Prime minister, was released  Mar 16.
    (SFC, 3/16/02, p.A8)(SSFC, 3/17/02, p.A20)

2003        Mar 14, Pres. Bush promised to reveal a US "road map" to Middle East peace. It was contingent on the confirmation of a Palestinian prime minister with real authority.
    (SFC, 3/15/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 14, Police arrested 80 anti-war protesters in the SF financial district. They included Warren Langley, former head of the Pacific Exchange.
    (SFC, 3/15/03, p.A13)
2003        Mar 14, Actor Robert Blake was released from jail on $1.5 million bail, 11 months after he was arrested on charges of murdering his wife, Bonny Lee Bakley. Blake was later acquitted at trial.
    (AP, 3/14/08)
2003        Mar 14, Christopher Boyce, whose Cold War spying was immortalized on film in "The Falcon and the Snowman," was released from a halfway house in San Francisco after about a quarter-century in prison.
    (AP, 3/14/04)
2003        Mar 14, Amanda Davis (32), writing professor at Mills College in Oakland, Ca., was killed in a small plane crash near Ashville, NC, along with her parents. She was on a book signing tour for her novel "Wonder When You'll Miss Me."
    (SFC, 3/19/03, p.D4)
2003        Mar 14, Hannah Foster (17) was raped and murdered near Southampton, England. Maninder Pal Singh Kohli fled Britain days after being named as a suspect. In 2007 a New Delhi court ruled that Kohli (39) should face trial in Britain for the 2003 rape and murder, in a long-awaited verdict on the drawn-out extradition wrangle.
    (AP, 6/8/07)(
2003        Mar 14, Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder gave a speech before the German Bundestag outlining the proposed plans for reform. He pointed out three main areas which the agenda would focus on: the economy, the system of social security, and Germany's position on the world market. The agenda came to be called Agenda 2010, a reference to the Lisbon Strategy's 2010 deadline.
2003        Mar 14, In Matamoros, Mexico, police arrested drug lord Osiel Cardenas Guillen (35), aka "El Loco."
    (SFC, 3/15/03, p.A7)

2004        Mar 14, In southeastern Afghanistan U.S.-led troops surprised eight enemy fighters in a cave complex, prompting a gunbattle, which left 3 militiamen killed and 5 others wounded.
    (AP, 3/15/04)
2004        Mar 14, China took symbolic steps toward a more capitalist society, amending its constitution to protect private property rights and formalizing a former president's once-unthinkable legacy, inviting entrepreneurs to join the Communist Party.
    (AP, 3/14/04)
2004        Mar 14, Georgia's President Mikhail Saakashvili put the country's military on alert after the restive Adzharia region barred him from entering.
    (AP, 3/14/04)
2004        Mar 14, In Haiti French troops took over patrols in a slum where U.S. Marines killed at least two people.
    (AP, 3/14/04)
2004        Mar 14, In Israel 2 explosions killed eight people and wounding 18 at the seaport of Ashdod. Police said 2 Palestinian suicide bombers were responsible.
    (AP, 3/14/04)
2004        Mar 14, In South Korea tens of thousands of demonstrators streamed into the streets of Seoul to protest the impeachment of Pres. Roh Moo-hyun. Some 50,000 had gathered the night before.
    (AP, 3/14/04)
2004        Mar 14, Russian voters overwhelmingly handed President Vladimir Putin a second four-year term. It had long been seen as a foregone conclusion.
    (AP, 3/14/04)
2004        Mar 14, Elections in Spain returned the Socialists to power. Mariano Rajoy (48) of the ruling conservative Popular Party was the prime minister's hand-picked candidate to succeed him. Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero of the Socialist Party hoped to end eight years of conservative government after promising to pull Spanish troops out of Iraq and address unaffordable housing and job insecurity at home. PM Jose Maria Aznar's conservatives became the first government that had backed Washington in Iraq to be voted from office. Zapatero led the Socialists to victory.
    (AP, 3/15/04)(Econ, 3/20/04, p.49)

2005        Mar 14, The US government in Operation Community Shield announced the arrests in 7 cities of 103 members of MS-13, Mara Salvatrucha, a street gang rooted in Central America.
    (SFC, 3/15/05, p.A5)
2005        Mar 14, San Francisco Superior Court Judge Richard Kramer declared California’s ban on same-sex marriage unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 3/15/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 14, U2, The Pretenders, The O'Jays, Percy Sledge and blues legend Buddy Guy were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
    (AP, 3/14/06)
2005        Mar 14, Jim Cramer began hosting Mad Money, an American business television program, on the CNBC cable/satellite TV channel.
2005        Mar 14, Health Day News reported that an experimental drug that stops cancer cell division and triggers tumor death has been developed by researchers at Temple University. The drug, called ON01910, interferes with the activity of a gene called Plk1.
    (HDN, 3/15/05)
2005        Mar 14, Experts said poachers are killing between 6,000 and 12,000 elephants a year to supply illegal ivory markets in Sudan to meet growing Chinese demand. Most of the elephants are killed in southern Sudan, Congo and the Central African Republic, with some ivory also coming from Kenya and Chad.
    (AP, 3/14/05)
2005        Mar 14, Voters in Central African Republic cast ballots for president in the first poll since rebels seized the capital two years ago. Gen. Francois Bozize, the former army officer-turned-insurgent who now presides over the country, was considered the front-runner in a field of 11.
    (AP, 3/14/05)
2005        Mar 14, China's parliament enacted a law authorizing force to stop rival Taiwan from pursuing formal independence.
    (AP, 3/14/05)
2005        Mar 14, Protesters across Guatemala denounced a regional free trade deal with the US closed schools, blocked highways and clashed with police in confrontations that left 19 people injured and two arrested.
    (AP, 3/14/05)
2005        Mar 14, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan said the United Nations is establishing a register of property damage caused by Israel's West Bank separation barrier. Hundreds of Palestinians protested the barrier outside the walled Palestinian government compound where he spoke.
    (AP, 3/14/05)
2005        Mar 14, Akira Yoshizawa (94), an origami master whose expressive paper gorillas made an art out of Japan's craft tradition, died of heart failure and pneumonia.
    (AP, 4/3/05)
2005        Mar 14, Hundreds of thousands of opposition demonstrators chanted "Freedom, sovereignty, independence" and unfurled a huge Lebanese flag in Beirut, the biggest protest yet in the opposition's duel of street rallies with supporters of the Damascus-backed government. The “March 14 Forces," advocates of Syrian withdrawal, grew from this demonstration.
    (AP, 3/14/05)(Econ, 7/29/06, p.43)
2005        Mar 14, The Hague tribunal indicted former Macedonian Interior Minister Ljube Boskovski for war crimes.
    (AP, 3/14/05)
2005        Mar 14, Sam Nujoma, the first president of Namibia, retired.
2005        Mar 14, A group of Muslim-extremist inmates accused of carrying out some of the Philippines' worst terrorist attacks agreed to surrender after a botched jailbreak left at least 5 people dead. The deal later broke down when the inmates demanded dinner first.
    (AP, 3/14/05)
2005        Mar 14, The U.N. tribunal for Rwanda sentenced Vincent Rutaganira, a former local leader, to six years in prison after he pleaded guilty to a charge of extermination by omission under a plea bargain with prosecutors.
    (Reuters, 3/14/05)
2005        Mar 14, Zimbabwe's Supreme Court quashed a ban on the independent Daily News newspaper, known for its anti-government line, but upheld a controversial media law that has forced three other newspapers to close down.
    (AP, 3/14/05)

2006        Mar 14, A Washington DC judge ruled that the slaughter of horses for meat may continue in the US.
    (SFC, 3/15/06, p.A3)
2006        Mar 14, In California scores of FBI agents and local police raided 14 homes and arrested 9 members of the drug trafficking Project Trojans gang in Contra Costa County.
    (SFC, 3/15/06, p.A1)
2006        Mar 14, In Hawaii an 1890s-era plantation dam failed in the rugged hills above northern Kauai, sending water and mud surging through two homes and wiping out the only highway. Searchers found one person dead and were looking for at least seven others, some of them children who hadn't been seen since the deluge. The torrent of water killed seven people.
    (AP, 3/15/06)(AP, 3/14/07)
2006        Mar 14, Afghanistan's president demanded greater cooperation from Pakistan in the fight against terrorism following claims the neighboring country has been supporting militant attacks here. Islamabad criticized the remarks and said Afghanistan must do more to battle terrorism.
    (AP, 3/14/06)
2006        Mar 14, A spokesman said NATO peacekeepers in northern Afghanistan had found the biggest weapons cache in recent years including 80 tons of TNT and 25,000 landmines. The weapons were stored underground in old Soviet bunkers.
    (Reuters, 3/14/06)
2006        Mar 14, The WHO said it believed test results showing three young women in Azerbaijan had died of bird flu were reliable, but it awaited final confirmation from a British laboratory.
    (AP, 3/14/06)
2006        Mar 14, Belarus authorities arrested more opposition activists as Belarusians cast early ballots for the March 19 presidential election.
    (AP, 3/14/06)
2006        Mar 14, In Brazil military officials said weapons stolen from an army barracks have been found. The theft triggered a massive search of Rio de Janeiro's crime infested shantytowns.
    (AP, 3/14/06)
2006        Mar 14, Premier Wen Jiabao vowed to crack down on seizures of farmland for redevelopment, a source of rising rural anger in China, but stopped short of saying whether the communist government might allow farmers to own land. The 10-day session of the National People’s Congress closed as delegates approved a budget that promised more cash for farmers and a new 5-year economic plan.
    (AP, 3/14/06)(Econ, 3/18/06, p.42)
2006        Mar 14, China refused to take back 39,000 citizens who have been refused entry to the US and are languishing in detention centers.
    (WSJ, 3/15/06, p.A1)
2006        Mar 14, China and Russia objected to a tough UN Security Council statement backed by the United States, Britain and France calling for a report in two weeks on Iran's compliance with demands that it suspend uranium enrichment.
    (AP, 3/14/06)
2006        Mar 14, EU trade chief Peter Mandelson told China to remove barriers on imports of European goods if it wants to be recognized as a market economy by the 25-nation bloc.
    (AP, 3/14/06)
2006        Mar 14, Lennart Meri (b.1929), Estonia’s former president (1992-2001), died overnight in Tallinn. The writer, film director and statesman’s relentless struggle against communist oppression helped the Baltic nation break free from the Soviet Union in 1991. Among his most well-known films is the 1977 documentary "The Winds of the Milky Way," describing the lives of Finno-Ugric people, which won a silver medal at the New York Film Festival but was banned in the Soviet Union for its culturally sensitive content.
    (AP, 3/14/06)(Econ, 3/25/06, p.90)
2006        Mar 14, Hungary’s PM Ferenc Gyurcsany said Hungarian researchers have devised a vaccine for humans against the current form of the H5N1 bird flu virus. “If the virus were to mutate, we would not have to experiment with new technology but would be able to manufacture a real vaccine within eight weeks."
    (AFP, 3/14/06)
2006        Mar 14, A marine researcher said rising sea temperatures caused by global warming could kill off the Indian Ocean's coral reefs in the next 50 years, threatening vital marine life.
    (AP, 3/15/06)
2006        Mar 14, Iraqi police over the past 24 hours found the bodies of at least 87 people killed by execution-style shootings, a gruesome wave of apparent sectarian reprisal slayings. 29 of the bodies, dressed only in underwear, were dug out of a single grave in a Shiite neighborhood of Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/14/06)(AP, 3/14/07)
2006        Mar 14, Israel’s acting PM Ehud Olmert pledged to annex the Ariel Jewish settlement deep in the West Bank, a message aimed at appeasing settlers alarmed by his plans to withdraw from large parts of the West Bank over the next four years.
    (AP, 3/14/06)
2006        Mar 14, Israeli forces driving bulldozers and firing tank shells and missiles burst into a Palestinian prison and removed dozens of inmates in a raid targeting prisoners convicted of killing an Israeli Cabinet minister. Palestinian gunmen kidnapped an American teacher at a university in the West Bank following the raid by Israeli forces. A UN aid agency and the International Committee of the Red Cross said they were temporarily pulling all foreign staff out of the West Bank and Gaza, after gunmen kidnapped nine foreigners in just a few hours.
    (AP, 3/14/06)(Econ, 3/18/06, p.49)
2006        Mar 14, In Italy 2 local trains collided head-on outside a station near Milan, killing at least two people.
    (AP, 3/14/06)
2006        Mar 14, Jordan indicted Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, the leader of al-Qaida in Iraq, and 7 others for the November bombings in Amman.
    (SFC, 3/15/06, p.A3)
2006        Mar 14, Mexico announced a new deepwater oil discovery that could exceed the declining reserves at the giant offshore Cantarell field.
    (WSJ, 3/14/06, p.A11)
2006        Mar 14, South Korea's PM Lee Hae-chan resigned after drawing a firestorm of criticism for playing golf March 1, rather than overseeing the government's response to a railway strike.
    (AP, 3/14/06)
2006        Mar 14, Thailand's PM Thaksin Shinawatra vowed to declare an emergency if anti-government protests turned violent, as tens of thousands marched on his office to demand his resignation for alleged corruption.
    (AP, 3/14/06)

2007        Mar 14, President Bush, speaking from Mexico, said he was troubled by the Justice Department's misleading explanations to Congress of why it fired eight US attorneys, but said the firings were "entirely appropriate."
    (AP, 3/14/08)
2007        Mar 14, The Pentagon released the transcript of a military hearing in which Khalid Sheikh Mohammed said he "was responsible for the 9/11 operation from A to Z."
    (AP, 3/14/08)
2007        Mar 14, The US Treasury Department said it would order US banks to sever ties with Banco Delta Asia in Macao for allegedly helping North Korea launder money. This was a move to unfreeze North Korean assets in the Macao bank.
    (AP, 3/15/07)(WSJ, 3/15/07, p.A1)
2007        Mar 14, A US judge in Virginia ruled that Sudan should pay damages to the families of 17 sailors killed in the October 2000 bombing of the U.S.S. Cole.
    (Reuters, 3/14/07)
2007        Mar 14, A US appeals court ruled that a California woman with an inoperable brain tumor may not smoke marijuana to ease her pain even though California voters have approved its medicinal use.
    (Reuters, 3/14/07)
2007        Mar 14, John Sununu, US senator from New Hampshire, became the 1st Republican to say that Attorney General Alberto Gonzales should resign over the firing of 8 US attorneys.
    (Econ, 3/17/07, p.31)
2007        Mar 14, New York Gov. Eliot Spitzer signed legislation authorizing “civil confinement" of certain sex offenders who have finished their prison terms, but were still considered a threat.
    (Econ, 3/17/07, p.37)
2007        Mar 14, Bank of America agreed to pay $26 million to settle SEC allegations that from 1999 to 2001 its securities unit made improper trades using advanced knowledge of the firm’s stock research.
    (WSJ, 3/15/07, p.C3)
2007        Mar 14, Chiquita Brands Int’l., a Cincinnati-based banana company, agreed to pay a $25 million fine after admitting that it paid a Colombian terrorist group (AUC) for protection in a volatile farming region. Chiquita sold it Colombian banana operations in June, 2004.
    (SFC, 3/15/07, p.A5)(WSJ, 8/2/07, p.A1)
2007        Mar 14, Regents of the Univ. of California voted to raise student fees by 7% and professional school fees by 12%. CSU trustees voted a 10% increase. This marked the 5th tuition hike in 6 years.
    (SFC, 3/15/07, p.A1)
2007        Mar 14, In California part 1 of a 2-part, $3 million evaluation of education in state public schools indicated deep flaws in the system.
    (SFC, 3/15/07, p.B1)x
2007        Mar 14, In NYC David Gavin (32), with a fake beard and carrying 100 rounds of ammunition, fatally shot a pizzeria employee and two unarmed volunteer police officers in Greenwich Village before other officers shot him to death. Gavin was a former employee at the pizzeria.
    (AP, 3/15/07)
2007        Mar 14, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber struck near a police convoy killing 5 people with 38 wounded. Attacks elsewhere left 4 more dead. At least six people were killed in an explosion in Kabul caused by gunpowder in shops selling ammunition for hunting rifles. 9 others were injured. An Italian journalist kidnapped in Afghanistan last week appeared in a video shown on television appealing to Premier Romano Prodi to work for his release.
    (AFP, 3/14/07)(AP, 3/14/07)(AP, 3/14/07)(SFC, 3/15/07, p.A9)
2007        Mar 14, In Argentina police clashed with protesters and ousted Gov. Angel Maza from his offices, after he refused to leave despite his suspension over corruption allegations. The La Rioja provincial legislature had voted the night before to suspend him and start impeachment proceedings over allegations that he manipulated bids for mining concessions.
    (AP, 3/15/07)
2007        Mar 14, It was reported that wild camels in drought-stricken Australia were in plague proportions, damaging the environment and property. Australia claimed the world's largest wild camel population. An estimated one million feral camels, whose numbers double every eight years, competed for food and water with native animals and livestock.
    (Reuters, 3/14/07)
2007        Mar 14, In Brazil a twin-engine plane was carrying $2.6 million worth of Brazilian reals crashed near the city of Salvador. Locals made off with bags of cash before rescuers arrived on the scene.
    (AP, 3/15/07)
2007        Mar 14, Britain’s Parliament approved PM Tony Blair's program to replace the nation’s fleet of four nuclear-armed submarines.
    (AP, 3/14/07)
2007        Mar 14, In Denmark 7 people who raised money for Colombian guerrillas and Palestinian militants through T-shirt sales were charged under Denmark's anti-terror law.
    (AP, 3/15/07)
2007        Mar 14, In Egypt a published decree said Mukbil Shakir, head of the Supreme Judicial Council, has named the country's first female judges despite opposition from conservative Muslims. Shakir appointed 31 women to judge or chief judge positions in Egypt's courts.
    (AP, 3/15/07)
2007        Mar 14, Lucie Aubrac (b.1912), a hero of the French Resistance, died. She helped free her husband from the Gestapo. In 2000, Aubrac published "The Resistance Explained to my Grandchildren" about her experiences. She is also the author of the 1984 book "They'll Leave Exhilarated." French director Claude Berry made the hit 1997 movie "Lucie Aubrac," starring Carole Bouquet in the title role. Two other films, Jean-Pierre Melville's 1969 "The Army of Shadows" and the 1991 "Boulevard of the Swallows" by Jose Yanne, were also based on Aubrac's story.
    (AP, 3/15/07)
2007        Mar 14, Farmers in eastern India angered by government plans to build an industrial park on their land fought police with rocks, machetes and pickaxes. At least 14 people were killed in Nandigram, West Bengal state.
    (AP, 3/14/07)(SFC, 6/18/07, p.A13)
2007        Mar 14, In northern Iraq suicide bombers struck a market and an Iraqi military checkpoint in Baghdad, killing at least 10 people. An Iraqi general warned extremists that they will be "smashed under the foot of the Iraqi people" if they resist efforts to end the violence in the country. A US soldier was killed in fighting in Anbar province. A Marine assigned to Multi National Force-West also died in Anbar in a non-combat-related incident.
    (AP, 3/14/07)(AP, 3/15/07)
2007        Mar 14, A Japanese court overturned a landmark ruling ordering the Japanese government and a company to compensate Chinese who were forced to work as slave laborers in Japan during World War Two. The Tokyo High Court acknowledged that the state and the firm had violated the human rights of the 11 Chinese, but rejected the plaintiffs' demand for compensation because a 20-year statute of limitation had expired.
    (Reuters, 3/14/07)
2007        Mar 14, Israeli and Palestinian envoys said that improving the economy can revive the peace process as they got to work on a Japanese initiative to create jobs in the West Bank.
    (AP, 3/14/07)
2007        Mar 14, In Italy 5 former members of Argentina's military were convicted in absentia of murdering three Italians during the Argentina’s "dirty war" (1976-83).
    (AP, 3/15/07)
2007        Mar 14, Italy and Russia said they wanted talks between Moscow and the European Union on a new strategic partnership agreement to start as soon as possible.
    (AP, 3/14/07)
2007        Mar 14, In northwestern Pakistan 2 men and a woman were stoned and shot to death on the orders of a tribal council that found them guilty of adultery.
    (AP, 3/15/07)
2007        Mar 14, Philippine police stormed a courtroom to end a 24-hour hostage standoff, freeing all four captives who were held by a movie stuntman and his common-law wife. The gunman was killed when he dropped a grenade during the confrontation.
    (AP, 3/14/07)
2007        Mar 14, The Russian state-run company building a nuclear plant in Iran warned that Iranian payment delays may cause "irreversible" damage to the project, another strong signal of Moscow's annoyance with Tehran.
    (AP, 3/14/07)
2007        Mar 14, Thai prosecutors said they would charge the wife of deposed premier Thaksin Shinawatra with tax evasion. In southern Thailand suspected Muslim insurgents opened fire on nine Buddhists who were riding in a commuter van, killing all of them execution-style.
    (AP, 3/14/07)(AFP, 3/14/07)
2007        Mar 14, The chief UN nuclear inspector returned from a one-day trip to Pyongyang saying that North Korea was "fully committed" to an agreement that requires it to shutter its main nuclear reactor and let in inspectors as soon as the U.S. drops financial sanctions.
    (AP, 3/14/07)
2007        Mar 14, In Zimbabwe Morgan Tsvangirai (54), the country's main opposition leader, said that police beat him repeatedly in the head, back, knees and arm and that he lost a lot of blood in an attack that seemed intended "to inflict as much harm as they could."
    (AP, 3/14/07)

2008        Mar 14, The near-collapse of US investment giant Bear Stearns and its Federal Reserve bailout heightened fears that the worst is not over for the spreading global credit crunch. The Federal Reserve and JP Morgan Chase & Co. offered to extend loans for 28 days. The US dollar hit a record low against the euro, closing at 1.567 per euro.
    (AFP, 3/14/08)(SFC, 3/15/08, p.C1)(WSJ, 3/15/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 14, In Mississippi Richard Scruggs, chief architect of the $206 billion tobacco settlement in 1998, pleaded guilty to conspiring to bribe a judge with $50,000 in a dispute over legal fees.
    (SFC, 3/15/08, p.A2)
2008        Mar 14, Robert Soloway (28), dubbed "the King of Spam," faced a possible 26-year jail sentence after pleading guilty in Seattle to charges of fraud and tax evasion. On July 22 Soloway was sentenced to 47 months in prison.
2008        Mar 14, A tornado his downtown Atlanta, Georgia, and left 27 people injured. Workers cleaning debris  found one dead body on March 22.
    (SSFC, 3/23/08, p.A3)
2008        Mar 14, In Pleasanton, Ca., Ernest Scherer (60), a real estate investor, and his wife Charlene Abendroth (57), an accounting lecturer, were found bludgeoned to death inside their home. In 2009 their son, Ernest Scherer III (30), was arrested in Las Vegas and charged with the murders. On may 20, 2011, Ernest Scherer III was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SSFC, 3/23/08, p.B1)(SFC, 2/25/09, p.B4)(SFC, 5/21/11, p.C2)
2008        Mar 14, Afghan and foreign troops clashed with Taliban insurgents in southern Afghanistan, leaving three suspected militants dead and two wounded. The US-led coalition killed "several" militants in an operation in eastern Khost province.
    (AP, 3/14/08)(AFP, 3/16/08)
2008        Mar 14, In Australia Milton Orkopoulos (50), a former New South Wales state minister, was convicted on child sex and drugs charges after being described as a "sordid genius" by prosecutors.
    (AFP, 3/14/08)
2008        Mar 14, Five Burundi insurgents and a government soldier were killed in a clash with the army in the north of the war-wracked central African country's capital.
    (AFP, 3/14/08)
2008        Mar 14, It was reported that China had likely surpassed the US last month in its number of Internet users.
    (WSJ, 3/14/08, p.B3)
2008        Mar 14, In China a gas explosion at a southwestern Yunnan coal mine killed 14 miners and injured four.
    (AP, 3/15/08)
2008        Mar 14, Iranians voted in elections. About 4,500 candidates nationwide ran for parliament's 290 seats. With final results reported from all races except those in Tehran, 113 of parliament's 290 seats went to conservatives.
    (AP, 3/14/08)(AP, 3/17/08)
2008        Mar 14, The Bush administration's Mideast envoy pushed Israel and the Palestinians to speed up peace negotiations at the first meeting the US has attended since talks resumed nearly four months ago.
    (AP, 3/14/08)
2008        Mar 14, Russian forces raided a forest camp in the volatile North Caucasus province of Dagestan, leading to a shootout in which six suspected militants, a police officer and an Interior Ministry servicemen died.
    (AP, 3/14/08)
2008        Mar 14, In Senegal members of the 57-member Organization of the Islamic Conference moved to create a battle plan, including legal action, to defend Islam from political cartoonists and bigots.
    (AP, 3/14/08)
2008        Mar 14, Hundreds of Serbs stormed a UN courthouse in northern Kosovo, took control of the site, and raised a Serbian flag.
    (WSJ, 3/15/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 14, Sri Lanka’s pro-rebel TamilNet Web site said rebels beat back advancing troops on three fronts in Mannar and Welioya regions, killing 22 soldiers.
    (AP, 3/16/08)
2008        Mar 14, In northern Syria a bus carrying high school students rammed into a house and flipped over, killing at least 24 people and injuring 34.
    (AP, 3/14/08)
2008        Mar 14, In Tibet angry protesters set shops ablaze and gunfire in Lhasa as the largest demonstrations in two decades against Chinese rule turned violent months ahead of the Beijing Olympics. 18 people died in the conflagration or from physical assaults. The government later said losses amounted to 280 million yuan ($41 million).
    (AP, 3/14/08)(Econ, 2/6/10, p.43)
2008        Mar 14, The UN General Assembly adopted a resolution demanding the "immediate, complete and unconditional" withdrawal of all Armenian forces from Azerbaijan's territory in a vote in which more than 100 countries abstained.
    (AFP, 3/15/08)
2008        Mar 14, In Zimbabwe the teacher’s union said thousands of teachers state schools have ended a 3-week strike after being awarded a 754% salary increase by the government.
    (AFP, 3/14/08)

2009        Mar 14, President Barack Obama said the nation's decades-old food safety system is a "hazard to public health" and in need of an overhau. Obama used his weekly radio and video address to announce the nomination of former New York City Health Commissioner Margaret Hamburg as FDA commissioner, and his choice of Baltimore Health Commissioner Joshua Sharfstein as her deputy.
    (AP, 3/14/09)
2009        Mar 14, President Barack Obama met with visiting Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva for talks on the economy, energy and the environment.
    (AP, 3/14/09)
2009        Mar 14, The US government permanently banned the slaughter of cows too sick or weak to stand on their own, seeking to further minimize the chance that mad cow disease could enter the food supply.
    (AP, 3/15/09)
2009        Mar 14, In Florida Donte Stallworth, a wide receiver for the Cleveland Browns, killed  pedestrian Mario Reyes (59) while driving after a night out. On April 1 Stallworth was charged with DUI manslaughter.
    (SFC, 4/2/09, p.A6)
2009        Mar 14, In Coatesville, Pennsylvania, the 20th arson fire this year was set, one day after Roger Leon Barlow (19) was held for trial in connection with fires set between Jan 2 and Feb 3.
    (SSFC, 3/15/09, p.A10)
2009        Mar 14, In Afghanistan a helicopter-borne special operations mission by US troops and Afghan forces killed five people in Logar province, south of Kabul, sparking an angry protest from villagers who said the victims were civilians. 3 ISAF soldiers were killed including one French and one British soldier.
    (AP, 3/14/09)(AFP, 3/14/09)(AFP, 3/15/09)
2009        Mar 14, In Algeria Islamists cut the throat of a shepherd and 300 of his sheep in Chatabia village near the Tunisian border. Three family members and an elected official died in a bomb explosion the following morning as they headed to the site of the killing.
    (AFP, 3/16/09)
2009        Mar 14, Bolivia’s President Evo Morales asked large landowners to voluntarily relinquish some of their holdings to poor Indians during a ceremony on property confiscated from Ronald Larsen, a US rancher for, redistribution.
    (AP, 3/14/09)
2009        Mar 14, In England Matthew Swift (18) and his friend Ross McKnight (16) were arrested for plotting to murder teachers and pupils at Audenshaw High School in Greater Manchester. Both were acquitted at trial on Sep 16.
    (AFP, 9/16/09)(
2009        Mar 14, In Burkina Faso an overloaded canoe capsized on a reservoir, killing at least 15 women and children.
    (AP, 3/15/09)
2009        Mar 14, In England G20 finance officials held a day of talks to pave the way for the April 2 London G20 summit on tackling the downturn. They worked to find common ground amid deep divisions on how to tackle the global downturn, with key players trying to inject optimism into talks that many fear could result in little real progress.
    (AP, 3/14/09)(AFP, 3/14/09)
2009        Mar 14, In Indonesia Nasrudin Zulkarnaen, the head of a state-owned pharmaceutical company, was shot dead. On May 4 Jakarta police arrested Antasari Azhar, chairman of Indonesia’s Corruption Eradication Commission, as the alleged mastermind of the drive-by murder.
    (Econ, 5/9/09, p.46)
2009        Mar 14, Iran’s state TV said Iran and China have signed a $3.2 billion gas deal to produce more than 10 tons of liquid natural gas.
    (AP, 3/14/09)
2009        Mar 14, In Martinique thousands of demonstrators marched and sand in the streets after officials signed an agreement ending a monthlong strike on the French Caribbean island.
    (AP, 3/14/09)
2009        Mar 14, In Mexico police acting on a tip found nine bodies partially buried in the desert on the outskirts of the Mexican border city of Ciudad Juarez. 1,500 more troops arrived, on top of 2,150 who arrived a day earlier. Authorities announced the arrest of Sergio Pena Mendoza (39), a suspected leader of the Zetas, a drug cartel hit squad. A male suspect threw a hand grenade at police officers in the western city of Guadalajara. No injuries were reported. Police detained the suspect and later found 14 more grenades and 10 assault rifles in his home.
    (AP, 3/15/09)
2009        Mar 14, Nicaragua’s President Daniel Ortega accused the US of "taking bread" from the poor by holding back aid. The US said this week it will continue delaying some $64 million in development aid because of an election dispute.
    (AP, 3/14/09)
2009        Mar 14, A Russian Air Force chief said that Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez has offered an island as a temporary base for strategic Russian bombers. Maj. Gen. Anatoly Zhikharev also said Cuba could be used to base the aircraft.
    (AP, 3/14/09)
2009        Mar 14, In South Africa Moss Phakoe, a municipal councilor in North West province, was shot and killed in Rustenburg after handing over a file detailing corruption in the municipality to a high-ranking ANC official. In 2012 former Rustenburg mayor Matthew Wolmarans was jailed for 20 years for the murder of Phakoe. His former bodyguard Enoch Mtshaba was sentenced to life in prison.
    (Econ, 10/20/12, p.23)(
2009        Mar 14, In Sudan 3 foreign aid workers kidnapped in Darfur were freed and were returning to Khartoum with an official who said they were abducted in response to the international arrest warrant issued for the Sudanese president.
    (AP, 3/15/09)
2009        Mar 14, Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe denounced political violence and urged Zimbabweans to work together following the formation of an inclusive government with opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai.
    (AFP, 3/14/09)

2010        Mar 14, American rower Katie Spotz (22) completed a solo journey across the Atlantic Ocean, touching a pier in the coffee-brown waters of Guyana to claim a record as the youngest person to accomplish the feat. The athlete from Mentor, Ohio, set out from Dakar, Senegal, on Jan. 3 and endured rough seas during the 2,817-mile (4,533-km) crossing.
    (AP, 3/14/10)
2010        Mar 14, Peter Graves (83), film and TV star, died. His calm and intelligent demeanor was a good fit to the intrigue of "Mission Impossible" (1967-1973 and 1988-1990) as well as the satire of the "Airplane" films.
    (AP, 3/15/10)
2010        Mar 14, In Afghanistan one US Marine was killed in a road accident in Marjah. An unmanned Predator drone aircraft crashed in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 3/15/10)
2010        Mar 14, In Chile a power failure at nightfall plunged nearly the entire Chilean population into darkness, rattling a country already anxious after last month's 8.8-magnitude quake.
    (AP, 3/14/10)
2010        Mar 14, In Colombia candidates from parties allied with outgoing President Alvaro Uribe dominated elections to replace a Congress tarnished by lawmakers' links to far-right criminal bands. Voters made the Party of National Integration (PIN), new party accused of ties to far-right criminal bands, Colombia's fourth-strongest party. Former Foreign Minister Noemi Sanin (60) defeated Colombian President Alvaro Uribe's hand-picked successor for the Conservative Party's presidential nomination in a close primary.
    (AP, 3/15/10)(AP, 3/16/10)(AP, 3/19/10)
2010        Mar 14, Egypt's Constitutional Court backed the right of women judges to sit on the bench in the state's administrative courts, despite opposition from conservatives. The ruling was not "decisive" and debates within the administrative courts could still continue along the conservative-liberal fault line.
    (AP, 3/15/10)
2010        Mar 14, France voted in regional polls. French voters scarred by economic crisis dealt President Nicolas Sarkozy and his conservative leadership a stern blow by strongly favoring leftist candidates in regional elections.
    (AFP, 3/14/10)(AP, 3/15/10)
2010        Mar 14, In Iraq early results released by the electoral commission showed the prime minister's political coalition ahead in oil-rich Basra province, strengthening his lead in the country's parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 3/14/10)
2010        Mar 14, Israeli security services overnight captured Maher Uda (47), a top Hamas commander, in Ramallah. He had been on the run for more than a decade for his implication in a series of suicide attacks in Israel which claimed 70 lives.
    (AFP, 3/14/10)
2010        Mar 14, In Kashmir 6 policemen were hurt when suspected separatist militants attacked their patrol with a grenade in Indian Kashmir's main city of Srinagar.
    (AP, 3/14/10)
2010        Mar 14, In Pakistan helicopter gunships pounded Taliban hideouts in the northwestern tribal district, killing at least 17 insurgents.
    (AFP, 3/14/10)(SFC, 3/15/10, p.A2)
2010        Mar 14, Millions of Russians voted in regional elections in a mid-term test of President Dmitry Medvedev's pledge to loosen the Kremlin's grip on the political system. The ruling United Russia party appeared headed for an expected victory in regional elections, although many disgruntled voters threw their support behind opposition candidates.
    (Reuters, 3/14/10)(AP, 3/15/10)
2010        Mar 14, In Thailand as many as 150,000 anti-government demonstrators vowed to march on military barracks housing Thailand's top leaders as their icon, deposed premier Thaksin Shinawatra, urged them from exile not to give up.
    (AFP, 3/14/10)(Econ, 4/10/10, p.45)
2010        Mar 14, Yemen launched a preemptive strike was to forestall an imminent al-Qaida attack against a strategic site. The leader of Al-Qaeda in Abyan, Jamil Nasser Abdullah al-Ambari, Samir al-Sanaani and Ahmed Amzarba were killed in the raid.
    (AP, 3/15/10)(AFP, 3/16/10)

2011        Mar 14, US Border Patrol agents arrested two US citizens along with 13 illegal immigrants from Mexico dressed in fake US Marine Corps uniforms.
    (AP, 3/23/11)
2011        Mar 14, Warren Buffet’s Berkshire Hathaway agreed to buy Lubrizol Corp., the world’s largest producer of lubricant additives, for about $9 billion.
    (SFC, 3/15/11, p.D3)
2011        Mar 14, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber posing as an army volunteer struck an Afghan army recruitment center in the northern province of Kunduz, killing 35 volunteers. A civilian car struck a roadside bomb in Zabul province's Mazana district, setting off an explosion that killed all three men inside. A bomb blast killed three Afghan civilians in Nangarhar province's Sorkh Rod district.
    (AP, 3/14/11)(AP, 3/15/11)
2011        Mar 14, In Bahrain a parliament bloc appealed for the king to impose martial law. Some 1,000 Saudi troops entered Bahrain as part of the Gulf countries' joint Peninsula Shield Force.
    (AP, 3/14/11)(Econ, 3/19/11, p.56)
2011        Mar 14, In Brazil civil defense officials said some 31,000 people have been forced from their homes by flooding in Santa Catarina and Parana states.
    (SFC, 3/15/11, p.A2)
2011        Mar 14, Burundi said it has deployed an additional 1,000 soldiers for the African Union force protecting the Somali government.
    (AFP, 3/14/11)
2011        Mar 14, Colombian troops killed Olidem Romel Solarte Ceron (39), alias "Oliver Solarte," in a joint forces operation near San Miguel, a town bordering Ecuador. The top FARC rebel had supplied Mexican traffickers with cocaine and managed finances and arms dealings for the guerrillas' powerful Southern Bloc.
    (AP, 3/15/11)
2011        Mar 14, In Egypt young militants who spearheaded the pro-democracy revolution called for a "no" vote in next weekend's referendum on constitutional reform. They called for a new constitution and an extension of the transitional period with the formation of a presidential council.
    (AFP, 3/14/11)
2011        Mar 14, German prosecutors formally charged Rami Makanesi, a 25-year-old German-Syrian, with membership in a terrorist organization on allegations he trained with an al-Qaida-linked group in Pakistan. Makanesi was arrested by Pakistani security services last June and extradited to Germany in August. On May 9 he was convicted of membership in a terrorist group and given a prison sentence of four years and nine months.
    (AP, 3/14/11)(AP, 5/9/11)
2011        Mar 14, Greek anti-terrorist police raided at least two suspected hideouts for domestic terrorists, detaining seven people and seizing weapons and disguises.
    (AP, 3/14/11)
2011        Mar 14, An Iranian state-owned newspaper reported that Iranian hackers working for the powerful Revolutionary Guard's paramilitary Basij group have launched attacks on websites of the "enemies," in a rare acknowledgment from Iran that it's involved in cyber warfare.
    (AP, 3/14/11)
2011        Mar 14, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew up his booby-tapped car outside an army battalion headquarters, killing 10 soldiers and wounding 29 people in Kanan, Diyala province.
    (AP, 3/14/11)
2011        Mar 14, Ivory Coast fighters allied with the internationally recognized Pres. Alassane Ouattara said they are trying to seize control of a district loyal to the incumbent leader Laurent Gbagbo, who refuses to cede power.
    (AP, 3/14/11) 
2011        Mar 14, In Japan a second hydrogen explosion in three days rocked the Daiichi nuclear power plant in Fukushima, devastating the structure housing one reactor and injuring 11 workers. Water levels dropped precipitously at another reactor, completely exposing the fuel rods and raising the threat of a meltdown.
    (AP, 3/14/11)
2011        Mar 14, In Libya forces loyal to Moamer Kadhafi launched attacks on Ajdabiya, a key town that rebels have vowed to defend, as leading nations began talks on the crisis. Gaddafi forces also attacked the small western town of Zuwarah. State news agency said Kadhafi has invited Chinese, Russian and Indian firms to produce its oil instead of Western companies that fled the unrest.
    (AFP, 3/14/11)(Reuters, 3/14/11)
2011        Mar 14, In Mexico an inmate stabbed to death Warden Rebeca Nicasio Vazquez, the acting warden of a prison in the city of Nuevo Laredo.
    (AP, 3/15/11)
2011        Mar 14, In Pakistan an American missile killed two Arab militants and two local fighters as they traveled in a vehicle close to the Afghan border.
    (AP, 3/14/11)
2011        Mar 14, The Swiss government suspended plans to replace and build new nuclear plants pending a review of two hydrogen explosions at Japanese plants.
    (AP, 3/14/11)
2011        Mar 14, In northern Yemen anti-government tribesmen stormed a security building in the town of al-Jawf and shot dead four soldiers in a revenge attack after government troops opened fire on opposition protesters calling for the president's ouster. The governor of Marib province was stabbed and wounded by protesters. Armed Yemeni security forces raided an apartment shared by four Western journalists and deported them because of their coverage of a growing uprising against the country's longtime ruler.
    (AP, 3/15/11)

2012        Mar 14, Chicago-based Encyclopedia Britannica said it is shelving its print edition after 244 years in favor of it Web-based version.
    (SFC, 3/15/12, p.A6)
2012        Mar 14, In San Francisco owners of the Fairmont said they have reached an agreement to sell the Nob Hill hotel to Woodridge Capital Partners of Los Angeles, for some $200 million. Toronto-based Fairmont Hotels and Resorts would continue to manage the property.
    (SFC, 3/15/12, p.D1)
2012        Mar 14, In California Abel Gutierrez (27), an Iraq war veteran, shot his sister (11) and himself to death in their Gilroy apartment. The body of his mother was found on March 22 about 20 miles from Gilroy off Pacheco Pass Highway.
    (SFC, 3/16/12, p.C1)(SFC, 3/23/12, p.C2)
2012        Mar 14, In southern California a Latino boy (15) was attacked as he walked home from school in Palmdale. 7 black teenagers, ages 13-16, were arrested the next day for suspected assault and committing a hate crime.
    (SSFC, 4/1/12, p.A7)
2012        Mar 14, In Ohio John Mallett stabbed 4 people in a random assault in and outside a trade school in Columbus. In 2013 he was found not guilty by reason of insanity.
    (SFC, 6/11/13, p.A4)(
2012        Mar 14, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb attack killed 8 civilians in Helmand province as US Defense Secretary Leon Panetta visited troops in a military camp in the southern Afghan province. An Afghan interpreter crashed a truck while speeding toward Marines waiting for Panetta to land. The interpreter died of his wounds the next day. A motorcycle bomb blast in Kandahar city shortly before the Helmand attack killed at least one Afghan security officer and wounded two others.
    (AFP, 3/14/12)(AP, 3/15/12)
2012        Mar 14, An Algerian court sentenced seven people to death in connection with a string of bombings carried out by Islamists in 2007. They included Fateh Bouderbala, considered to be the Algiers AQIM chief.
    (AFP, 3/14/12)
2012        Mar 14, The Azerbaijan national security ministry said it has arrested 22 Azeri citizens on suspicion of plotting attacks on the US and Israeli embassies in Baku on behalf of neighboring Iran.
    (AP, 3/14/12)
2012        Mar 14, British PM David Cameron his wife Samantha arrived at the White House for an official visit mixing talks on global threats with the formal flourishes of a state dinner.
    (AFP, 3/14/12)
2012        Mar 14, Britain’s Office for National Statistics (ONS) said in a statement that the number of unemployed people climbed by 28,000 over the period, the smallest increase for almost one year as the unemployment rate hit the highest level for almost 17 years.
    (AFP, 3/14/12)
2012        Mar 14, Britain launched a website and Facebook page for Iranians, harnessing the power of social media to try to evade Iranian censorship and take its message directly to the people.
    (Reuters, 3/15/12)
2012        Mar 14, British scientists warned that research into debilitating diseases is under threat from a refusal by ferry operators and airlines to transport laboratory animals into the country.
    (AFP, 3/14/12)
2012        Mar 14, China national legislature enacted new safeguards for criminal suspects in amendments for the revised Criminal Procedure Law. The legislature upheld the right of police to hold certain suspects in secret residential locations for up to 6 months. Nearly 8% of the delegates abstained or voted against the legislation.
    (SFC, 3/15/12, p.A5)
2012        Mar 14, Colombia's ambassador to Peru resigned after prosecutors ordered his arrest for alleged criminal association with far-right militias. Jorge Visbal (59) is wanted for criminal conspiracy for activities from 1998-2004, when he was president of Colombia's National Ranchers Federation, the chief prosecutor's office said in a communique.
    (AP, 3/14/12)
2012        Mar 14, The International Criminal Court at The Hague convicted Congolese warlord Thomas Lubanga of using child soldiers, a verdict hailed as a legal landmark in the fight against impunity for the world's most serious crimes.
    (AP, 3/14/12)
2012        Mar 14, Fiji's military commander Frank Bainimarama disbanded the Great Council of Chiefs, a leadership tradition on the Pacific island nation since 1875.
    (AP, 3/14/12)
2012        Mar 14, In eastern India Maoist rebels kidnapped two Italian tourists in central Orissa, in what is believed to be the first abduction of foreigners by the left-wing militants. Officials identified the kidnapped Italians as Paolo Bosusco and Claudio Colangelo. The rebels released Colangelo on March 25. Bosusco was released on April 12 after local officials agreed to release five rebels from prison.
    (AFP, 3/18/12)(AFP, 3/25/12)(AP, 4/12/12)
2012        Mar 14, India's beleaguered Kingfisher Airlines said it had curtailed its overseas flights to avoid losing further cash as it struggles to keep flying amid mounting operational difficulties.
    (AFP, 3/14/12)
2012        Mar 14, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad gave a defiant and at times mocking defense of his economic and political management in an unprecedented interrogation by a largely hostile parliament. It was the first time an Iranian president was summoned before parliament to answer questions about his rule since the founding of the Islamic republic in 1979.
    (AFP, 3/14/12)
2012        Mar 14, In Kenya tens of thousands of nurses agreed to end a two-week strike after talks with PM Raila Odinga, who revoked their mass dismissal during the standoff. It was agreed that all the issues raised by the health workers would be addressed exhaustively.
    (AFP, 3/14/12)
2012        Mar 14, Malawi riot police patrolled the streets of Blantyre and Lilongwe as a leading rights group defied a ban and opened a meeting on political and economic reforms. The government has accused the Public Affairs Committee of holding the meeting to call for the resignation of President Bingu wa Mutharika, whom the group accuses of mismanaging the economy and trampling on democratic freedoms.
    (AFP, 3/14/12)
2012        Mar 14, Censu Tabone (b.1913), former Malta President (1989-1994), died. In 1989 he hosted a US-Soviet summit that declared an end to the Cold War.
    (AP, 3/14/12)(
2012        Mar 14, In central Nigeria a police helicopter crashed and burst into flames in Jos, killing four policemen on board, including a senior officer.
    (AFP, 3/14/12)
2012        Mar 14, A Palestinian boy accidentally struck by a bullet when militants fired in the air during a funeral died of his injuries. The boy was marching in the funeral procession for a Gaza militant on March 12 when he was struck in the head by an errant bullet.
    (AP, 3/14/12)
2012        Mar 14, In Peru thousands of illegal gold miners battled police for control of Puerto Maldonado, a regional capital in the Amazon basin. At least 3 people were killed by gunfire. A gold rush has swelled Madre de Dios state with about 40,000 small-scale miners who are scarring virgin rain forest as they extract gold particles from river beds and alluvial plains. Mercury is used to bind the gold together in nuggets.
    (AP, 3/15/12)
2012        Mar 14, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov accused Pres. Assad of "inertia" and said Russia's hugely controversial policy on Syria was not aimed at defending his regime.
    (AFP, 3/14/12)
2012        Mar 14, Saudi Arabia said it has closed its embassy in Damascus and pulled out its diplomats and staff as Syrian President Bashar Assad steps up attacks against the opposition.
    (AP, 3/15/12)
2012        Mar 14, In Somalia a suicide bomber blew himself up at the compound of President Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, killing at least 5 people, in an attack claimed by Al-Qaeda affiliated Shebab rebels.
    (AFP, 3/14/12)
2012        Mar 14, Two prominent Syrian dissidents said they have quit the main opposition group that emerged from the year-old uprising against the regime in Damascus, predicting more would soon abandon what one of the men described as an "autocratic" organization. Amnesty International said that Syrian security forces routinely torture people detained during the uprising. 37 people were reported killed in violence across Syria, 20 of them in Daraa.
    (AP, 3/14/12)(AFP, 3/15/12)
2012        Mar 14, Sexual Minorities Uganda (SMUG) filed suit against Scott Lively of the Abiding Truth Ministries at a Massachusetts court, claiming he pushed Ugandan officials to crack down on homosexuals.
    (AFP, 3/16/12)
2012        Mar 14, Ukrainian Prosecutor General Renat Kuzmin charged that companies controlled by former PM Yulia Tymoshenko and former PM Pavlo Lazarenko transferred money to pay the killers of Yevhen Shcherban, who was shot to death in 1996 at Donetsk Airport with his wife and an aide.
    (AP, 3/14/12)
2012        Mar 14, In Yemen suspected Al-Qaeda militants were reported to have kidnapped a Swiss woman. She was abducted in Hodeida (on the Red Sea coast) by armed men who moved her to Shabwa province.
    (AFP, 3/16/12)
2012        Mar 14, Zimbabwe Finance Minister Tendai Biti warned the government could shut down, as new diamond sales from the controversial Marange fields are falling far short of expectations.
    (AFP, 3/14/12)

2013        Mar 14, A US federal judge ruled unconstitutional national security provisions that permit federal investigators to access customer information from some companies without court approval.
    (Reuters, 3/15/13)
2013        Mar 14, Michigan’s Gov. Rick Snyder appointed Kevyn Orr, a Cleveland attorney who represented Chrysler during its restructure, to steer Detroit back from the brink of doom.
    (SFC, 3/15/13, p.A6)
2013        Mar 14, In Algeria some 10,000 people — an enormous number for the lightly populated region —demonstrated for jobs in the southern oil city of Ouargla. Thousands more protested later in the southern oil town, Laghouat. PM Abdelmalek Sellal acknowledged on March 16 that the demonstrators' demands are legitimate and the government hurriedly announced a string of measures to address the perceived geographical bias in oil jobs.
    (AP, 3/30/13)
2013        Mar 14, In Australia Adam Giles was sworn as government head of the Northern Territory becoming the first Aboriginal leader of a provincial government.
    (AP, 3/14/13)
2013        Mar 14, In Bahrain thousands of anti-government protesters threw firebombs and stones at riot police and burned tires on the 2nd anniversary of the intervention by a Saudi-led force in the island's crisis.
    (AP, 3/14/13)
2013        Mar 14, Bulgaria's Christian Orthodox Church leader, Patriarch Neophyte, decried a recent wave of self-immolations and suicides after four people set themselves ablaze in the past month.
    (SFC, 3/15/13, p.A2)(
2013        Mar 14, In Cambodia  Ieng Sary (87), brother-in-law of late Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot, died. He co-founded the communist Khmer Rouge regime responsible for the deaths of an estimated 1.7 million Cambodians in the 1970s, and decades later became one of its few leaders to be put on trial, but died before his case could be finished.
    (AP, 3/14/13)(Econ, 4/6/13, p.106)
2013        Mar 14, In China Xi Jinping was elevated to the presidency by the rubber-stamp national legislature, giving him the last of the three titles held by his predecessor, Hu Jintao.
    (AP, 3/14/13)
2013        Mar 14, Egyptian prosecutors charged 38 members of the Ultras, a die-hard soccer fan club, with belonging to an illegal group and other offenses.
    (SFC, 3/15/13, p.A2)
2013        Mar 14, In Iraq attackers unleashed a carefully planned assault with car bombs and gunmen disguised as police on the Justice Ministry. The attack left at least 24 people dead and dozens wounded. The Islamic State of Iraq, an al-Qaida-linked group, soon claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 3/14/13)(AP, 3/17/13)
2013        Mar 14, The newfound particle discovered at the world's largest atom smasher last year is, indeed, the Higgs boson, the particle thought to give other matter its mass, scientists reported today at the annual Rencontres de Moriond conference in Italy.
    (, 3/14/13)
2013        Mar 14, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu reached an agreement to form a new coalition government with the centrist Yesh Atid party, the Jewish Home, a party aligned with West Bank settlers and the Lapid party. The new coalition will be the first in a decade to exclude ultra-Orthodox Jewish parties.
    (AP, 3/14/13)
2013        Mar 14, Jamaican officials said that they are hopeful new legislation will finally result in a stream of convictions and lengthy sentences for fraudsters behind a multimillion-dollar lottery scam that has swindled mostly elderly Americans out of their retirement savings for years.
    (AP, 3/14/13)
2013        Mar 14, In Malawi 11 top government officials and former Cabinet ministers, who were charged with treason for an alleged coup plot, were released on bail. Prosecutors believe the suspects conspired after the death of Pres. Bingu wa Mutharika to undermine his deputy, Joyce Banda.
    (AP, 3/14/13)
2013        Mar 14, Nepal's Supreme Court Chief Justice Khilraj Regmi was named head of an interim government in an attempt by the country's main political parties to cure the paralysis and infighting that have blocked elections for months.
    (AP, 3/14/13)
2013        Mar 14, Puerto Rico's government urged legislators to move quickly and approve financial austerity measures following a report from a Wall Street ratings agency that downgraded the island's general obligation bonds to near-junk status.
    (AP, 3/14/13)
2013        Mar 14, In Thailand the Convention on Int’l. Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) ended its meeting in Bangkok with final decisions to expand protection to for dozens of animal and plant species including 5 types of sharks.
    (SFC, 3/15/13, p.A4)
2013        Mar 14, A UN aid official said the number of registered Syrian refugees jumped 10% in just one week to more than 1.1 million. France pushed for quickly lifting an EU ban on arming Syrian rebels.
    (AP, 3/14/13)

2014        Mar 14, It was reported that Kevin Gorman (22) has become the official Wikipedian-in-Residence at UC Berkeley, the first post of its kind at a university.
    (SFC, 3/14/14, p.C1)
2014        Mar 14, Reubin Askew (85), former two-term governor of Florida (1971-1979), died in Tallahassee.
    (SFC, 3/14/14, p.D7)
2014        Mar 14, Boston Beer Co. said that it is withdrawing its sponsorship of Boston’s St. Patrick’s Day Parade because organizers exclude gay groups.
    (SFC, 3/15/14, p.A11)
2014        Mar 14, Howard Buffett, son of investor Warren Buffett, pledged nearly $24 million for protecting rhinos in South Africa, earmarking the money for ranger teams, sniffer dogs and other security measures in what he hopes can be a robust model for fighting what he calls the "overwhelming" problem of poaching in parts of Africa.
    (AP, 3/15/14)
2014        Mar 14, Sandwich shop Quiznos announced that it was filing for bankruptcy. In 2009, a class-action lawsuit settlement forced Quiznos to pay $95 million to its independently-owned franchises, that, according to the Post, originally sued because expensive ingredients made it nearly impossible to turn a profit.
    (, 3/15/14)
2014        Mar 14, Tony Benn (88), the totem of the British left, died at his London home. The Labour cabinet minister in the 1960s and 1970s had spearheaded the movement against the Iraq war.
    (AFP, 3/14/14)
2014        Mar 14, A Bulgarian policeman was killed and three officers wounded in a shootout with Petko Petkov (52), who had threatened the pupils and the headmaster of a school in the central town of Lyaskovets.
    (Reuters, 3/14/14)
2014        Mar 14, In China a fellow dissident and lawyers said prominent Chinese human rights activist Cao Shunli, detained in September for staging sit-ins at the country's foreign ministry, has died after being denied medical treatment in detention.
    (Reuters, 3/14/14)
2014        Mar 14, In southern China a fight between two food stall owners at a market left 5 people hacked to death and one person fatally shot by police in Changsha. A witness said the stand operators were Uighurs selling flatbread.
    (AP, 3/14/14)
2014        Mar 14, Estonia's President Toomas Hendrik Ilves nominated cabinet minister Taavi Roivas (34) to form a new government and seek approval from parliament to lead the small euro zone country. Roivas is set to take over from PM Andrus Ansip, who resigned on March 4.
    (Reuters, 3/14/14)
2014        Mar 14, EU officials said they have drawn up a list of 120-130 names of Russians who could be hit with travel bans and asset freezes to punish Russia for its seizure of Ukraine's Crimea region.
    (Reuters, 3/14/14)
2014        Mar 14, A French court ordered an ex-aide of Nicolas Sarkozy to pay 10,000 euros ($14,000) in damages and costs to the former French president over secret recordings that were published in an online journal, and instructed the publication to pull down the links.
    (AP, 3/14/14)
2014        Mar 14, A French court sentenced Pascal Simbikangwa (54), a former member of the Rwandan presidential guard, to 25 years in prison. He was found guilty of perpetrating genocide and of complicity in crimes against humanity in 1994.
    (AFP, 3/15/14)
2014        Mar 14, Most of France went under some sort of pollution alert with levels in the Parisian region surpassing those in cities such as Beijing and New Delhi.
    (SFC, 3/15/14, p.A2)
2014        Mar 14, In India an old, seven-story residential building collapsed in a Mumbai suburb, killing at least 2 people and possibly trapping more under the debris.
    (AP, 3/14/14)
2014        Mar 14, Indonesia reported that Pres. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono has ordered relevant ministers and local authorities in peat-rich Riau province to handle forest fires that have been sending out heavy smoke threatening health and disrupting flight operations. Officers in the armed forces were said to be involved in illegal logging and burning.
    (AP, 3/14/14)(Econ, 3/22/14, p.42)
2014        Mar 14, Indonesia’s Megawati Sukarnoputri, a former president  and head of the opposition PDI-P, anointed Joko Widodo, Jakarta’s popular mayor, as her candidate for president.
    (Econ, 3/22/14, p.41)
2014        Mar 14, In Iraq bombings in and around Baghdad, including blasts near two markets, killed 7 people.
    (AFP, 3/14/14)
2014        Mar 14, In Jordan protesters fought with riot police outside of the Israeli Embassy, as some 2,000 demonstrators called on the kingdom to end its peace treaty with the country over the killing of a Jordanian judge.
    (AP, 3/14/14)
2014        Mar 14, The search for the missing Malaysian jetliner expanded east and west on Friday after American officials said it was emitting signals to satellites for hours after its last contact with air traffic control nearly a week ago over the South China Sea.
    (AP, 3/14/14)
2014        Mar 14, A Mali military source said French air strikes in the mountains of northern Mali have killed Islamist militant Oumar Ould Hamaha, a jihadist with a $3 million US government bounty on his head. Paris said last week its forces had killed 10 suspected Islamist fighters in the northern Adrar des Ifoghas mountains, after the group was spotted by a US-made Reaper surveillance drone.
    (Reuters, 3/14/14)
2014        Mar 14, Moroccan and Spanish authorities arrested seven suspected members of an al-Qaida-linked extremist cell allegedly recruiting members to fight in Syria and other hotspots.
    (AP, 3/14/14)
2014        Mar 14, The Nigerian Navy said it has destroyed 260 illegal oil refineries and burned 100,000 tons of contraband fuel, but critics say this targeting of small-time criminals fails to confront the biggest culprits in oil thefts — the politically-connected criminal cartels who sell on the international market.
    (AP, 3/16/14)
2014        Mar 14, In northeastern Nigeria Boko Haram Islamists attacked the Giwa military base in Maiduguri and freed dozens of insurgents from custody. A military counter attack left some 500 people dead.
    (AFP, 3/14/14)(SFC, 3/15/14, p.A6)(Econ, 3/29/14, p.49)
2014        Mar 14, In Pakistan at least 10 people were killed when a motorcycle laden with explosives exploded near a college in the center of Quetta. In Peshawar a suicide bomber blew himself up in front of a police vehicle, killing at least 7 bystanders including a woman and a child.
    (Reuters, 3/14/14)(SFC, 3/15/14, p.A5)
2014        Mar 14, In Pakistan a woman died after setting herself on fire a day earlier outside a police station after reporting men tried to rape her died. The woman's brother had filed a complaint with police in January, saying his sister had been abducted and the assailants tried to rape her.
    (AP, 3/14/14)
2014        Mar 14, Gaza militants fired a rocket at Israel after two days of intense exchanges. It exploded in southern Israel but caused no damage or injuries.
    (AP, 3/14/14)
2014        Mar 14, Russia called on the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) to send its observers to monitor Crimea's controversial referendum on independence from Ukraine.
    (AFP, 3/14/14)
2014        Mar 14, Hackers knocked out the Russian presidency's website several times and brought down the central bank website.
    (Reuters, 3/14/14)
2014        Mar 14, Saudi Arabia said a man (19) has died from a new respiratory virus related to SARS, bringing to 63 the deaths in the kingdom at the center of the outbreak.
    (AP, 3/14/14)
2014        Mar 14, Diplomatic and other sources said major European and Saudi banks have stopped dealing with Sudan. The US imposed a trade embargo on Sudan in 1997 over accusations that included human rights violations.
    (AFP, 3/14/14)
    (Reuters, 3/14/14)(Reuters, 3/15/14)
2014        Mar 14, In Syria al Qaeda splinter group ISIL pulled out of two provinces in the country's northwest and headed to its eastern strongholds after months of clashes with rival rebels. A senior commander in the Nusra Front was killed on the outskirts of Yabroud during shelling and clashes with the army and Hezbollah fighters.
    (Reuters, 3/14/14)(Reuters, 3/15/14)
2014        Mar 14, In southern Thailand a Buddhist teacher was fatally shot on her way to school and then set ablaze, becoming the 170th teacher killed by suspected Muslim insurgents in the country's decade-long insurgency.
    (AP, 3/14/14)
2014        Mar 14, In Ukraine two people were killed and several wounded in a shootout that erupted after a clash in the city of Kharkiv between pro-Russian demonstrators and their opponents.
    (AP, 3/15/14)

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