Today in History - March 16

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37        Mar 16, Tiberius Claudius Nero (78), Roman emperor (14-37), died on a trip to the Italian mainland from his home on Capreae. He was succeeded by Caligula.
    (PCh, 1992, p.36)(HN, 3/16/99)(AP, 3/15/07)

1190        Mar 16, The Crusades began with the massacre of Jews in York, England. The Jewish population of York fled to Clifford’s Tower overlooking the rivers Ouse and Foss during an anti-Jewish riot. A crazed friar set fire to the tower and rather than be captured, the inhabitants committed mass suicide,
    (SFEC,10/26/97, p.T5)(HN, 3/16/99)

1527        Mar 16, The Emperor Babur defeated the Rajputs at the Battle of Kanvaha, removing the main Hindu rivals in Northern India.
    (HN, 3/16/99)

1621        Mar 16, The first Indian appeared in Plymouth, Mass.
    (HN, 3/16/98)

1690        Mar 16, French king Louis XIV sent troops to Ireland.
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1736        Mar 16, Giovanni Battista Pergolesi (b.1710), Italian composer (Il Prigioniero Superbo, Stabat Mater), died. Marvin Paymer (d.2002), an expert on Pergolesi, later edited the 26-volume "The New Pergolesi Edition."
    (MC, 1/4/02)(SFC, 6/24/02, p.B6)(MC, 3/16/02)

1739        Mar 16, George Clymer, US merchant (signed Declaration of Independence and Constitution), was born.
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1750        Mar 16, Caroline Lucretia Herschel, 1st woman astronomer, was born in Hanover, Germany.
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1751        Mar 16, James Madison (d.1836), Jefferson’s successor as secretary of state and fourth president of the United States (1809-17), was born in Port Conway, Va. He invented the 1787 electoral college system "to break the tyranny of the majority." "If men were angels, no government would be necessary." Pierce Butler of South Carolina first proposed the electoral college system. [see 1787]
    (V.D.-H.K.p.222)(SFEC, 11/24/96, Z1 p.2)(AP, 3/16/97)(AP, 10/27/97)(HN, 3/16/98)(SFC, 11/9/00, p.A14)(WSJ, 11/9/00, p.A26)

1769        Mar 16, Journalist John Wilkes was elected unopposed to his former seat in the British Parliament.
    (ON, 12/11, p.9)

1789        Mar 16, George S. Ohm (d.1854), German scientist,  was born. He gave his name to the ohm unit of electrical resistance. [WUD says Mar 16, 1787]
    (HN, 3/16/99)(WUD, 1994 p.1001)


1792        Mar 16, Sweden's King Gustav III was shot and mortally wounded during a masquerade party by a former member of his regiment. He was murdered by Count Ankarstrom at an opera. It became the inspiration for Giuseppe Verdi's Un Ballo in Maschera. Gustav died 13 days later.
    (AP, 3/16/06)(WSJ, 1/28/07, p.P10)

1802        Mar 16, The US Congress authorized the establishment of the US Military Academy at West Point, N.Y. President Jefferson signed a measure authorizing the establishment of the US Military Academy at West Point, N.Y.
    (www.usma.edu/history.asp)(AP, 3/16/97)

1806        Mar 16, Norbert Rillieux, inventor (sugar refiner), was born.
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1815        Mar 16, William I (1772-1843), prince of Orange-Nassau, proclaimed the Netherlands a kingdom at the urging of the powers gathered at the Congress of Vienna. In 1813 he had proclaimed himself 'Sovereign Prince' of the "United Netherlands."
    (Econ, 4/13/13, p.55)

1822        Mar 16, John Pope, Union general in the American Civil War, was born.
    (HN, 3/16/01)
1822        Mar 16, Rosa Bonheur, French painter and sculptor, was born.
    (HN, 3/16/01)

1827        Mar 16, The first Afro-American newspaper edited for and by blacks, Freedom's Journal, was published in New York City.
    (HFA, '96, p.26)(AP, 3/16/97)

1830        Mar 16, London reorganized its police force, Scotland Yard.
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1833        Mar 16, Susan Hayhurst became the first woman to graduate from a pharmacy college.
    (HN, 3/16/98)

1836        Mar 16, Andrew S. Hallidie, inventor (cable car), was born.
    (MC, 3/16/02)
1836        Mar 16, The Republic of Texas approved a constitution.
    (AP, 3/16/97)

1838        Mar 16, Nathaniel Bowditch (b.1773), mathematician, astronomer, polyglot, author (Marine Sextant), died. In 1802 he published "The New American Practical Navigator."
    (SS, 3/26/02)(AH, 12/02, p.22)

1846          Mar 16, Jurgis Bielinis, Lithuanian publisher and "king of the (underground) book carriers" was born in Purviskis. He died there Jan 18, 1918. This day was later declared "Book Carriers Day."
    (LHC, 3/16/03)

1850         Mar 16, Nathaniel Hawthorne's novel "The Scarlet Letter" was first published. It was about adultery, revenge and redemption in Puritan Massachusetts.
    (AP, 3/16/00)

1861        Mar 16, Arizona Territory voted to leave the Union.
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1865        Mar 16, Union troops pushed past Confederate blockers at the Battle of Averasborough, N.C., and left 1,500 casualties.
    (HN, 3/16/99)(MC, 3/16/02)

1868        Mar 16, Maxim Gorkei (Aleksvey Maksimovich Pyeshkov [aka Gorky], d.1936], Russian dramatist, was born. "A good man can be stupid and still be good. But a bad man must have brains." [see 1861, Mar 28, 1868]
    (WUD, 1994 p.611)(HN, 3/16/98)(AP, 2/23/01)

1881        Mar 16, Barnum & Bailey Circus debuted. [see Mar 18]
    (MC, 3/16/02)
1881        Mar 16, Modest P. Mussorgsky (42), Russian composer (Boris Godunov), died. [see Mar 28]
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1882        Mar 16, US Pres. Chester Arthur signed the Treaty of Geneva following the Senate’s ratification of the treaty. The US thus joined the Int’l. Red Cross.
    (ON, 8/12, p.12)

1894        Mar 16, The opera "Thais," composed by Jules Massenet, premiered in Paris. The libretto was by Louis Gallet. It was based on a novel by Anatole France. The heroine is a 4th century Egyptian courtesan.
    (AP, 3/16/00)(WSJ, 11/9/00, p.A24)(WSJ, 12/19/02, p.D10)

1907        Mar 16, The British cruiser Invincible, the world's largest, was completed at Glasgow shipyards.
    (HN, 3/16/98)

1908        Mar 16, The Chinese released the Japanese steamship Tatsu Maru.
    (HN, 3/16/98)

1911        Mar 16, Josef Mengele, MD, PhD, SS ("The Angel of Death at Auschwitz"), was born in Gunzburg, Germany.
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1912        Mar 16, Thelma Catherine Patricia Ryan Nixon, first lady (1968-75) to Richard Nixon, was born in Ely, Nevada.
    (HN, 3/16/01)(MC, 3/16/02)
1912        Mar 16, In San Francisco the Chinese tong war reopened as 4 Ho Sing gunmen opened fire at the 730 Jackson street liquor store of Cham Kok, the president of the Suey Sing tong.
    (SSFC, 3/11/12, DBp.42)

1913        Mar 16, The 15,000-ton battleship Pennsylvania was launched at Newport News, Va.
    (HN, 3/16/98)

1915        Mar 16, The US Federal Trade Commission was organized.
    (AP, 3/16/97)
1915        Mar 16, British battle cruisers Inflexible and Irresistible hit mines in Dardanelle (Turkey).
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1917        Mar 16, Nicholas II, Czar of Russia, abdicated in favor of his brother Michael. He was forced to sign a document of abdication after being brought down by political unrest and widespread starvation stemming from Russia’s staggering losses in WWI. The czar, his wife Alexandra, their four daughters and son Alexis, heir to the throne, were held prisoner by the Bolsheviks for several months at Tsarskoye Selo palace near Petrograd. In August 1917, the family was transported to distant Siberia to prevent any attempt to restore them to the throne. In July 1918, the entire royal family was executed by local Bolsheviks.
    (HNPD, 3/16/99)

1920        Mar 16, Leo McKern, actor (Blue Lagoon, Help, Mouse that Roared, Rumpole of the Bailey), was born in Sydney, Australia.
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1921        Mar 16, Britain signed a bilateral trade agreement with Russia.
    (HN, 3/16/98)

1926        Mar 16, Jerry Lewis, American comedian and film actor, was born. He starred in numerous films with Dean Martin.
    (HN, 3/16/99)
1926        Mar 16, Rocket science pioneer Robert H. Goddard successfully tested the first liquid-fueled rocket, in Auburn, Mass. It went 184' (56 meters).
    (HN, 3/16/98)(AP, 3/15/07)

1927        Mar 16, Daniel Patrick Moynihan (d.2003), later NY Senator (1976-2000) and scholar, was born in Tulsa, Okla.
    (SFC, 3/27/03, p.A1)

1928        Mar 16, Christa Ludwig, soprano (Vienna State Opera, Met Opera), was born in Berlin Germany.
    (MC, 3/16/02)
1928        Mar 16, The U.S. planned to send 1,000 more Marines to Nicaragua.
    (HN, 3/16/98)

1930         Mar 16 For the first time, a live opera performance was transmitted via shortwave from Dresden Germany and received by NBC in New York, which broadcasted the event for American listeners. Unfortunately, reception was poor and Americans only heard about 20 minutes of the opera, "Fidelio."
    (NY Times, 3/17/1930, p.33)
1930        Mar 16, USS Constitution (Old Ironsides) was floated out to become a national shrine.
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1933        Mar 16, Hitler named Hjalmar Horace Greeley Shacht president of Bank of Germany.
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1935        Mar 16, Adolf Hitler ordered a German rearmament in violation of the Versailles Treaty. He announced in public Nazi rearmament and the existence of the new German air force, the Luftwaffe.
    (AP, 3/16/97)(HN, 3/16/98)(ON, 11/05, p.2)
1935        Mar 16, John J.R. Macleod (58), Scottish-Canadian physiologist (Nobel 1923), died.
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1939        Mar 16, Germany occupied the rest Czechoslovakia.
    (HN, 3/16/99)

1940        Mar 16, Chuck Woolery, TV game show host (Love Connection), was born in Kentucky.
    (MC, 3/16/02)
1940        Mar 16, Germany launched an air raid on British fleet base at Scapa Flow.
    (MC, 3/16/02)
1940        Mar 16, Selma Lagerdorf (b.1858), Swedish Nobel prize winning novelist (1909), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selma_Lagerl%C3%B6f)

1941        Mar 16, A blizzard hit North Dakota and Minnesota killing 60. [see Mar 15]
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1944        Mar 16, A US plane named “God Bless Our Ship" was hit by anti-aircraft fire over Berlin and crash-landed outside the city. Lt. George Lymburn (1924-2005) was captured and sent to Stalag Luft 1, where he was liberated by Russian soldiers in April, 1945.
    (SFC, 4/13/05, p.B7)

1945        Mar 16, During World War II, the island of Iwo Jima in the Pacific Ocean was declared secured by the Allies. The U.S. defeated Japan at Iwo Jima. Small pockets of Japanese resistance still exist.
    (AP, 3/16/97)(HN, 3/16/99)

1946        Mar 16, Erik Estrada, actor (CHiPs, Cross & Switchblade, Lightblast), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1949        Mar 16, Bertha Knox Gilkey, welfare and tenement rights for urban women, was born.
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1950        Mar 16, Acheson called for a seven-point cooperation plan with the Russians.
    (HN, 3/16/98)

1951        Mar 16, Mary Louise Bochnak, the patron saint of embattled nonprofit committee chairmen, was born.
    (MC, 3/16/02)
1951        Mar 16, Hastened by short winter, all spring flowers opened in Minneapolis.
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1955        Mar 16, President Eisenhower upheld the use of atomic weapons in case of war.
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1957        Mar 16, Constantin Brancusi (b.1876), Romanian-born French sculptor, died. He willed his studio and work to France.
    (WSJ, 3/30/00, p.A28)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constantin_Br%C3%A2ncu%C5%9Fi)

1959        Mar 16, Michael J. Bloomfield, Major USAF, astronaut (STS 86), was born in Flint, Mich.
    (MC, 3/16/02)
1959        Mar 16, John Sailling (111), last documented Civil War vet, died.
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1961        Mar 16, "The Agony and the Ecstasy" was published by Irving Stone.
    (HN, 3/16/98)

1963        Mar 16, Phung Vuong, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), was born in Saigon, Vietnam.
    (MC, 3/16/02)
1963        Mar 16, William Beveridge (b.1879), British economist and social reformer, died. He is perhaps best known for his 1942 report Social Insurance and Allied Services (known as the Beveridge Report) which served as the basis for the post-World War II Welfare State put in place by the Labour government.   
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Beveridge)

1964        Mar 16, LBJ submitted a $1billion war on poverty program to Congress. [see Mar 15]
    (HN, 3/16/98)

1966        Mar 16, Col. Paul Underwood flew a bombing mission over Lai Chau Province in Vietnam and crashed after releasing bombs from his F-105 Thunderchief. His remains were returned to the US in 1998.
    (SFEC, 2/1/98, p.A14)
1966        Mar 16, Alfred Rascon, a US Army medic in South Vietnam, saved the lives of a number of his platoon members using his own wounded body to cover wounded men while treating their wounds under fire. He received the Medal of Honor in 2000.
    (SFC, 2/9/00, p.A2)
1966        Mar 16-1966 Mar 17, US astronauts Neil Armstrong and David Scott performed the first orbital docking.
    (NPub, 2002, p.20)

1968        Mar 16, Robert F. Kennedy decided to join the presidential race.
    (HN, 3/16/98)
1968        Mar 16, LBJ decided to send 35-50,000 more troops to Vietnam.
    (HN, 3/16/98)
1968        Mar 16, In Vietnam Lt. Calley led 105 men of Company C into My Lai and at least 347 of 700 Vietnamese civilians were killed. Estimates of villagers massacred ranged from 347-504. Other killings by B company occurred nearby. Col. Oran K. Henderson (d.1998 at 77) was on his first day as commanding officer of the new 11th Infantry Brigade and watched from a command helicopter. Hugh Thompson (d.2006), a helicopter pilot, observed the end of the massacre. He landed between some remaining villagers and his fellow soldiers and ordered his gunner to fire on American troops if necessary. With 2 other gunships he airlifted to safety a dozen villagers. He and his gunner were awarded the Soldier's Medal in 1998. The atrocity was exposed by Ron Ridenhour (d.1998 at 52), a door gunner on an observation helicopter, who flew over the village a few days after the event. He waited several months until he was out of the service before reporting the event to state and congressional officials. The Army later charged 25 officers and enlisted men in the massacre but only Lt. Calley was convicted. Gen. Samuel W. Koster (d.2006) was charged with covering up the killings, but criminal charges were eventually dismissed. Koster was censured, stripped of a medal and demoted one rank to brigadier general. John Sack (d.2004), war correspondent, later authored "Lieutenant Calley: His Own Story." In 1999 Trent Angers authored "The Forgotten Hero of My Lai: The Hugh Thompson Story."
    (SFC, 3/5/98, p.A9)(SFC, 3/16/98, p.A8)(SFC, 5/11/98, p.A20)(SFC, 6/6/98, p.A23)(WSJ, 11/2/99, p.A24)(SFC, 3/31/04, p.B7)(SFC, 1/6/06, p.B5) (SFC, 2/14/06, p.B7)(AP, 3/16/08)
1968        Mar 16, Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco (b.1895), Italian composer, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mario_Castelnuovo-Tedesco)

1969        Mar 16, "1776," a musical about the writing of the Declaration of Independence, opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 3/16/99)

1970        Mar 16, Forty-six women filed suit against Newsweek management for sex discrimination. On Aug 26 they signed an agreement with management. In September Lynn Povich became Newsweek’s first-ever female senior editor. In 2012 Povich authored “The Good Girls Revolt."
    (SFC, 9/27/12, p.E1)

1971        Mar 16, Thomas E. Dewey (b.1902), US president candidate (R 1944, 1948), died of a heart attack.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_E._Dewey)

1976        Mar 16, British PM Harold Wilson announced his resignation in London. He was succeeded in April by home secretary James Callaghan (1912-2005).
    (HN, 3/16/98)(SFC, 5/4/02, p.A21)(Econ, 3/18/06, p.11)

1977        Mar 16, US president Carter pleaded for a Palestinian homeland.
    (http://tinyurl.com/39b9fc)
1977        Mar 16, In Lebanon Kamal Jumblatt (60) was killed. He was the leader of Lebanon’s Druze community, a member of the Lebanese Parliament and a Socialist-nationalist supporter of Palestinians. Jumblatt was assassinated by the Syrian Social Nationalist Party, which he had legalized as interior minister some years earlier.
    (Econ, 11/28/09, p.49)(http://tinyurl.com/yzgycku)

1978        Mar 16, The Amoco-Cadiz oil tanker spilled a record 1.6 million barrels of crude oil off the coast of France.
    (WSJ, 9/13/99, p.R4)(www.cedre.fr/uk/spill/amoco/amoco.htm)
1978        Mar 16, Red Brigade terrorists kidnapped Aldo Moro, Italian politician and 5 time PM, and killed 5 of his bodyguards. Moro, who was planning to form a government combining his Christian Democrats and the Communist Party, was later murdered by the RB. Alessio Casimiri a member of the Red Brigades was sentenced in absentia to life in prison for his role in the abduction. Casimiri escaped to Nicaragua and opened a restaurant. It was later reported that police decided not to rescue Moro.
    (WSJ, 4/25/96, p.A-1)(AP, 3/16/97)(SFC, 3/13/98, p.A12)(WSJ, 12/13/07, p.A18)

1982        Mar 16, Claus Von Bulow was found guilty in Newport, R.I., of trying to kill his now-comatose wife, Martha, with insulin. Von Bulow was acquitted in a retrial.
    (AP, 3/16/02)

1984        Mar 16, William Buckley, the CIA station chief in Beirut, was kidnapped by gunmen; he died in captivity.
    (AP, 3/16/97)
1984        Mar 16, Mozambique and South Africa signed a pact banning support for one another's internal foes.
    (HN, 3/16/98)

1985        Mar 16, Terry Anderson, chief Middle East correspondent for The Associated Press, was abducted in Beirut; he was released in December 1991.
    (AP, 3/16/97)(HN, 3/16/98)

1986        Mar 16, In France the first direct regional elections for representatives took place. The French term "région" was officially created by March 2, 1982, Law of Decentralization.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regions_of_France)

1987        Mar 16, Massachusetts Gov. Michael Dukakis announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
    (AP, 3/16/97)

1988        Mar 16, The US sent 3000 soldiers to Honduras.
    (http://tinyurl.com/emoaj)
1988        Mar 16, Former National Security Adviser John M. Poindexter, former White House aide Oliver L. North, retired Air Force Maj. Gen. Richard V. Secord and Secord's business partner, Albert Hakim, were indicted on charges relating to the Iran-Contra affair. Poindexter and North had their convictions thrown out; Secord and Hakim received probation after each pleaded guilty to a single count.
    (AP, 3/16/98)
1988        Mar 16, Mickey Thompson (59), drag racer, and his wife Trudy (41) were found shot to death at their Bradbury home 15 miles east of LA. In December, 2001, Michael Goodwin, Thompson’s former business partner, was charged with the murders of Mickey and Trudy Thompson. Goodwin’s trial opened in 2006. On Jan 4, 2007, a jury convicted Michael Goodwin on two counts of murder. On Mar 1, 2007, Goodwin was sentenced to 2 consecutive life terms in prison and continued to claim he was innocent of the murder.
    (www.unsolved.com/UD0204-Thompson.html)(SFC, 1/5/07, p.B10)(SFC, 3/2/07, p.B12)
1988        Mar 16-1988 Mar 17, Iraqi jets dropped a variety of chemical weapons on the Kurdish town of Halabja and some 5-7,000 residents were killed immediately. The Kurdish city of Halabja, held by Iranian troops and Iraqi Kurdish guerrillas allied with Tehran, was bombed by Iraq. Estimates of casualties varied from several hundred to several thousand.
    (SFC, 7/1/02, p.A6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halabja_poison_gas_attack)
1988        Mar 16, Three people were killed when Michael Stone, a pro British paramilitary member, armed with guns and grenades attacked an IRA graveside service in Belfast, Northern Ireland. Stone was also responsible for  killing 3 Catholics in the mid 1980s. In 2000 Stone was released from prison as part of a peace accord.
    (AP, 3/17/98)(SFC, 7/25/00, p.A12)

1989        Mar 16, The Soviet Communist Party's Central Committee approved sweeping agricultural reforms and elected the party's 100 members to the Congress of People's Deputies, a new legislative body.
    (AP, 3/16/99)

1990        Mar 16, Brazil announced the Collor Plan. It was a collection of economic reforms and inflation-stabilization plans carried out during the presidency of Fernando Collor de Mello, between 1990 and 1992. The plan was officially called New Brazil Plan. It combined fiscal and trade liberalization with radical inflation stabilization measures.
    (Econ, 11/14/09, SR p.5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plano_Collor)
1990        Mar 16, South African President F.W. de Klerk announced that exiled African National Congress leaders could return home for talks with the white-led government.
    (AP, 3/16/00)

1991        Mar 16, Americans Kristi Yamaguchi, Tonya Harding and Nancy Kerrigan swept the World Figure Skating Championships in Munich, Germany.
    (AP, 3/16/99)
1991        Mar 16, A plane crash near San Diego, Ca., killed 10 people including 7 members of Reba McIntire's band.
    (www.answers.com/topic/reba-mcentire)

1992        Mar 16, Robert J. Eaton, head of General Motors' profitable European operations, joined Chrysler Corp. as Chairman Lee Iacocca's future successor.
    (AP, 3/16/97)

1993        Mar 16, President Clinton met with ousted Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide; afterward, Clinton announced he was sending a special envoy to Haiti to seek a return to democracy.
    (AP, 3/16/98)
1993        Mar 16, Mohammed Hussein Nagdi, Iran diplomat, resistance fighter, was murdered in Rome, Italy.
    (http://farrid.20m.com/sr.html)
1993        Mar 16, Canadian soldiers in Somalia beat to death a local teenager, Shidane Arone, during their participation in the UN humanitarian efforts. An inquiry led to the disbanding of Canada's elite Canadian Airborne Regiment, greatly damaged the morale of the Canadian Forces, and damaged both the domestic and international reputation of Canadian soldiers.
    (www.canadianencyclopedia.ca/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=M1SEC673906)(www.dnd.ca/somalia/vol0/vol0e.txt)

1994        Mar 16, Figure skater Tonya Harding pleaded guilty in Portland, Ore., to conspiracy to hinder prosecution for covering up the attack on rival Nancy Kerrigan, avoiding jail but drawing a $100,000 fine.
    (AP, 3/16/99)
1994        Mar 16, Russia agreed to phase out production of weapons-grade plutonium.
    (AP, 3/16/99)

1995        Mar 16, House Republicans pushed through $17 billion in spending cuts, prompting a veto threat by the White House.
    (www.concordcoalition.org/issues/scorecard/1995_scorecard/description_house.html)
1995        Mar 16, Mississippi formally ratified 13th Amendment and abolished slavery.
    (www.thehistorymakers.com/timeline/index.asp?string=1995)
1995        Mar 16, NASA astronaut Norman Thagard was welcomed aboard the Russian  space station Mir as the first American to visit the orbiting outpost.
    (AP, 3/16/97)

1996        Mar 16, In his weekly radio address, President Clinton accused the Republican-controlled House of bowing to "the back-alley whispers of the gun lobby" by gutting anti-terrorism legislation he'd submitted in response to the Oklahoma City bombing.
    (AP, 3/16/97)
1996        Mar 16, For the first time, ordinary citizens were allowed inside the central archives of the former East German secret police, the hated Stasi security agency.
    (AP, 3/16/97)

1997        Mar 16, The last sale day declared by the US Post Office for buying the Marilyn Monroe, antique autos, or United Nations commemorative stamps.
    (WSJ, 2/21/97, p.B15B)
1997        Mar 16, At the request of a hobbled President Clinton, Russia's Boris Yeltsin agreed to delay their upcoming summit by one day to give Clinton an extra day to recuperate from knee surgery.
    (AP, 3/16/98)
1997        Mar 16, In Albania amnesty was granted to 51 people including former premier Fatos Nano.
    (SFC, 3/18/97, p.A11)
1997        Mar 16, Jordan's King Hussein knelt in mourning with the families of seven Israeli schoolgirls gunned down by a Jordanian soldier.
    (AP, 3/16/98)
1997        Mar 16, Elections for mayors in 262 El Salvador cities and for the 84-member unicameral Legislative Assembly was scheduled. The Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN) party was a front-runner. Hector Silva of the Democratic Convergence Party won the mayoral elections for San Salvador. He ran under a coalition led by the FMLN.
    (SFC, 2/25/97, p.a12)(SFC, 3/17/97, p.A9)

1998        Mar 16, Sgt. Maj. Gene McKinney, once the Army's top enlisted man, was reprimanded and demoted one rank by a jury that had convicted him of obstruction of justice in a sexual misconduct case.
    (AP, 3/16/08)
1998        Mar 16, In Armenia elections for president were held and the voting was marred by fraud. Prime Minister Robert Kocharian led the vote over former Communist boss Karen Demirchian, but failed to get a majority and a runoff was planned for Mar 30.
    (SFC, 3/17/98, p.B3)(WSJ, 3/18/98, p.A1)
1998        Mar 16, Zhu Rongji was chosen by the National People’s Congress as Premier to replace Li Peng, who served his limit of two 5-year terms. Hu Jintao (55) was appointed vice-president, the youngest in modern Chinese history to that post.
    (SFC, 3/17/98, p.A9)(WSJ, 3/17/98, p.A1)
1998        Mar 16, In Northern Ireland David Keys (26), one of the jailed suspects in the Mar 3 murders, was found hanged in his cell at Maze Prison. His death was violent and considered a murder.
    (SFC, 3/17/98, p.B2)
1998        Mar 16, A 2nd negotiating session between North and South Korea will be held under the guidance of the US and China.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.A18)
1998        Mar 16, In a long-awaited document promised by the Vatican on Sep. 1, 1987, that Jewish leaders immediately criticized, the Vatican expressed remorse for the cowardice of some Christians during the Holocaust, but defended the actions of Pope Pius XII.
    (SFEC, 3/15/98, p.A24)(AP, 3/16/99)

1999        Mar 16, The Nebraska Cornhuskers beat Chicago State 50-3 in an NCAA baseball game.
    (AP, 3/16/00)
1999        Mar 16, The Dow Jones industrial average briefly topped the 10,000 level, reaching a high of 10,001.78 before retreating.
    (AP, 3/16/00)
1999        cMar 16, Cuban Americans, whose sons were in custody by the INS, began a hunger strike outside the gates of the Krome Detention Center at the edge of the Everglades.
    (SFC, 4/22/99, p.A11)
1999        Mar 16, Retired Major General David Hale (53) pleaded guilty to charges of sexual affairs with the wives of subordinate officers. Hale was ordered to pay $22,000 in penalties. He was the highest officer to be court-martialed since 1952. Hale was demoted in Sept. to a one-star brigadier general.
    (SFC, 3/17/99, p.A2)(SFC, 3/17/99, p.A8)(SFC, 9/3/99, p.A2)
1999        Mar 16, It was reported that the world's 300 right whales faced extinction.
    (SFC, 3/16/99, p.A2)
1999        Mar 16, The National Marine Fisheries Service announced the addition to the endangered species list of 9 salmon species from the Pacific Northwest.
    (SFC, 3/16/99, p.A2)
1999        Mar 16, In northern Argentina a team of archeologists discovered 3 frozen mummies on Mount Llullaillaco. The mummies were of children sacrificed about 500 years ago.
    (SFC, 4/7/99, p.A11)
1999        Mar 16, In Ecuador former Pres. Fabian Alarcon was arrested on charges that he loaded the state payroll with phantom employees while serving as the head of Congress.
    (SFC, 3/17/99, p.C3)
1999        Mar 16, The first passenger bus service between India and Pakistan was scheduled to begin.
    (SFEC, 3/14/99, p.A22)
1999        Mar 16, In Kosovo Serbia moved in heavy tanks and thousands more troops as their negotiators insisted on major changes in the Paris peace talks.
    (SFC, 3/17/99, p.A8)
1999        Mar 16, North Korea agreed to allow US inspectors to visit a suspected nuclear weapons site in exchange for assistance to increase potato yields.
    (SFC, 3/17/99, p.A8)
1999        Mar 16, In Sri Lanka a suicide bomber killed 2 people in a Colombo assassination attempt.
    (WSJ, 3/17/99, p.A1)
1999        Mar 16, In Turkey 2 people were killed in a car explosion in Hatay.
    (SFC, 3/17/99, p.A8)

2000        Mar 16, Independent Counsel Robert Ray said he found no credible evidence that Hillary Rodham Clinton or senior White House officials had sought FBI background files of Republicans.
    (AP, 3/16/05)
2000        Mar 16, The Vermont state House of Representatives voted 76-69 for a bill to give same-sex couples all the rights and responsibilities granted to married heterosexuals.
    (SFEC, 4/2/00, p.A6)
2000        Mar 16, The DJIA rose a record 499.19 points to close at 10,630.6. the previous record of 380.53 was set on Sep 9, 1998. The DJIA reached a high of 10,001.78 before retreating.
    (SFC, 3/17/00, p.A1)(AP, 3/16/01)
2000        Mar 16, In Georgia a gunman shot and wounded 2 sheriff's deputies while being served a warrant in Atlanta at the home of Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin, formerly known as H. Rap Brown. The gunman was later identified as Brown. Deputy Ricky Kinchen (35) died the next day. Al-Amin (56) was arrested in Alabama on Mar 20.
    (SFC, 3/17/00, p.A5)(SFC, 3/18/00, p.A3)(SFC, 3/21/00, p.A3)
2000        Mar 16, About a dozen whales became stranded on 2 Bahama beaches one day after a US Navy exercise propagated loud noises through the waters of the region. 5 of the whales died. In 2001 testing confirmed that Navy sonar caused the whales to beach themselves.
    (SFC, 3/22/00, p.A9)(WSJ, 12/21/01, p.A1)
2000        Mar 16, In NYC police killed Patrick Dorismond, an unarmed Haitian immigrant (26). Some 3,000 protestors marched at Dorismonds funeral on mar 25 and clashed with police.
    (SFEC, 3/26/00, p.A7)
2000        Mar 16, Thomas Wilson Ferebee (81), the "Enola Gay" bombardier who dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, died in Windermere, Fla.
    (AP, 3/16/05)
2000        Mar 16, The entire 20-member European Commission resigned following publication of a critical report on sloppy management and cronyism.
    (AP, 3/16/01)
2000        Mar 16, The Islamic holiday Eid al-adha was celebrated.
    (SFC, 4/26/00, p.B8)
2000        Mar 16, In Nicaragua Edmundo Olivas, former leader of the Andres Castro United Front - a leftists, ex-Sandinista, paramilitary group, was ambushed and killed near Boaco.
    (SFC, 3/17/00, p.D2)
2000        Mar 16, In Pakistan a judge sentenced Javed Iqbal (42), the killer of 100 children, to die the same way his victims died, by strangulation, dismemberment and dissolvement in acid.
    (SFC, 3/17/00, p.A14)
2000        Mar 16, In the Philippines at least 23 people were killed in clashes between rebels and army troops in Lanao del Norte province.
    (SFC, 3/18/00, p.C16)
2000        Mar 16, In Serbia some 1000 people rallied in Pirot to protest the closure of their TV station. It was the 6th closure of a broadcaster in a week.
    (SFC, 3/17/00, p.D2)

2001        Mar 16, Rap impresario Sean "Puffy" Combs was acquitted in New York of taking an illegal handgun into a crowded Manhattan hip-hop club where three people were later wounded; he was also cleared of trying to bribe his way out of trouble. Combs' bodyguard, Anthony "Wolf" Jones, was acquitted of the same charges.
    (AP, 3/16/02)
2001        Mar 16, In Argentina Ricardo Lopez Murphy, the Economy Minister, proposed $4.5 billion in budget cuts over the next 2 years to revive the economy.
    (WSJ, 3/20/01, p.A19)
2001        Mar 16, Explosions rocked residential buildings in Shijiazhuang, a mill town in Hebei province. At least 18 people were killed. The deaths soon mounted to 108 with 38 injured. Police later arrested Jin Ruchao (41), a deaf man, who reportedly confessed to the bombings.
    (SFC, 3/17/01, p.A10)(SSFC, 3/18/01, p.D1)(SFC, 3/24/01, p.A11)
2001        Mar 16, In Macedonia Albanian rebel mortar shells exploded in Tetovo.
    (SFC, 3/17/01, p.A12)
2001        Mar 16, In Saudi Arabia Saudi commandos freed over 100 hijacked hostages held by Chechen rebels in a Russian plane. 3 people were killed including a hijacker, a flight attendant and a passenger.
    (SFC, 3/17/01, p.A10)(AP, 3/16/02)

2002        Mar 16, VP Cheney invited Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah to visit with Pres. Bush in Texas for talks on the Middle East.
    (SFC, 3/18/02, p.A3)
2002        Mar 16, In Ohio Brittanie Cecil (13) was struck by a flying hockey puck during a game between the hometown Columbus Blue Jackets and the Calgary Flames; she died two days later.
    (AP, 3/15/07)
2002        Mar 16, In Cali, Colombia, gunmen killed Archbishop Isaias Duarte Cancino (63), a critic of leftist rebels.
    (SSFC, 3/17/02, p.A20)(SFC, 3/18/02, p.A3)

2003        Mar 16, Pres. Bush met with PM Tony Blair and Spain's PM Jose Maria Aznar in the Azores and made it clear they were ready to go to war with or without UN endorsement. Bush said "Tomorrow is a moment of truth for the world."
    (SFC, 3/17/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 16, In China Wen Jiaboa (60) replaced Zhu Rongji as premier.
    (SFC, 3/16/03, p.A16)
2003        Mar 16, Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein warned that if Iraq were attacked, it would take the war anywhere in the world "wherever there is sky, land or water."
    (AP, 3/16/04)
2003        Mar 16, In the Gaza Strip Rachel Corrie (23) of Washington State was crushed to death by and Israeli Army bulldozer as she tried to block the demolition of Palestinian homes. On Aug 28, 2012, an Israeli court cleared the military of any responsibility for her death.
    (SFC, 3/17/03, p.A1)(AFP, 8/28/12)

2004        Mar 16, Mitch Seavey won the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race in nine days, 12 hours, 20 minutes and 22 seconds.
    (AP, 3/16/05)
2004        Mar 16, China declared victory in its fight against bird flu, saying it had "stamped out" all of its known cases, while a factory worker in Thailand became Asia's 23rd victim of the virus.
    (AP, 3/16/04)
2004        Mar 16, In Colombia Luis Hipolito Ospina, a senior member of the leftist Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, was arrested in Bogota.
    (AP, 3/17/04)
2004        Mar 16, In Denmark police raided Copenhagen's famed hippie enclave of Christiania, detaining 53 people in a major crackdown on the open sale of hashish. The enclave took root in 1971 when dozens of hippies moved into the derelict 18th-century fort on state-owned land.
    (AP, 3/16/04)
2004        Mar 16, Two contractors, German and Dutch, working on a water-supply project south of Baghdad were shot to death, and their deaths brought to six the number of foreigners killed in drive-by shootings in the past 24 hours.
    (AP, 3/16/04)(WSJ, 4/1/04, p.A10)
2004        Mar 16, Japan's Toshiba Corp said that Guinness World Records had certified its stamp-sized hard disk drives (HDDs) as the smallest in the world. The 0.85-inch HDDs, unveiled in January, have storage capacity of up to four gigabytes and will be used in products such as cellphones and digital camcorders.
    (AP, 3/16/04)
2004        Mar 16, It was announced that Carlos Slim, owner of Mexico’s Telmex, planned to buy a controlling interest in Brazil’s biggest long distance operator, Embratel.
    (Econ, 3/20/04, p.64)
2004        Mar 16, Hundreds of Pakistani troops clashed with tribesmen suspected of sheltering al-Qaeda and Taliban fugitives near the Afghan border. At least 15 paramilitary soldiers and 24 suspects including some foreigners presumed to be members of al-Qaeda, were killed in the raid on a mud-brick compound at Kaloosha.
    (AP, 3/16/04)(AP, 3/17/04)
2004        Mar 16, In Russia an apparent natural gas explosion sheared off part of a nine-story apartment building in the northern city of Arkhangelsk as residents slept, killing some 58 people. Police suspected that valve scavenging triggered the blast.
    (AP, 3/16/04)(WSJ, 3/17/04, p.A1)(AP, 3/18/04)
2004        Mar 16, Spanish police identified five additional Moroccan suspects they think took part in last week's train bombing that killed 190 and injured 1,647 others.
    (AP, 3/16/04)(AP, 3/23/04)
2004        Mar 16, Yemen authorities said 9 suspects in the 2000 bombing of the USS Cole had been arrested, including 8 who escaped from jail in 2003.
    (SFC, 3/17/04, p.A9)

2005        Mar 16, Pres. Bush said he plans to nominate Paul Wolfowitz, deputy defense secretary, to become the next president of the World Bank.
    (SFC, 3/17/05, p.A3)(Econ, 3/19/05, p.15)
2005        Mar 16, It was reported that the US deficit had widened to 6.3% of GDP in the 4th quarter and that America would have to borrow a net $750 billion to sustain it.
    (Econ, 3/19/05, p.78)
2005        Mar 16, The US Senate voted 51-49 to drill for oil in Alaska.
    (WSJ, 3/17/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 16, A jury in Los Angeles acquitted actor Robert Blake of murder in the shooting death of his wife, Bonny Lee Bakley, four years earlier. A civil court jury later ordered Blake to pay $30 million to Bakley's four children; Blake has since filed for bankruptcy.
    (AP, 3/16/06)
2005        Mar 16, In California a judge sentenced a Scott Peterson (32) to death for the 2002 murder of his wife and unborn son.
    (AP, 3/17/05)(SFC, 3/17/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 16, Norway's Robert Sorlie won his second Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race in one of the closest races in years.
    (AP, 3/16/06)
2005        Mar 16, It was reported that a Texas study found a correlation between the amount of mercury pollution and the number of autism cases.
    (WSJ, 3/17/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 16, Tropical Cyclone Ingrid flattened Faraway Resort, a tourist resort built to showcase the beauty of northern Australia.
    (AP, 3/16/05)
2005        Mar 16, China's central bank tightened mortgage lending rules to raise the cost of borrowing for home loans in an effort to cool the sizzling property market.
    (AP, 3/17/05)(WSJ, 3/31/05, p.A9)
2005        Mar 16, UN peacekeepers charged that militiamen in northeast Congo grilled bodies on a spit and boiled two girls alive as their mother watched, adding cannibalism to a list of atrocities allegedly carried out by Lendu warriors.
    (AP, 3/17/05)(Econ, 3/12/05, p.49)
2005        Mar 16, Iraq's first freely elected parliament in half a century began its opening session after a series of explosions targeted the gathering.
    (AP, 3/16/05)
2005        Mar 16, Israeli troops handed Jericho to Palestinian security control, dismantling a checkpoint and easing travel restrictions in what was seen as a message to ordinary Palestinians that an informal truce is starting to pay off.
    (AP, 3/16/05)
2005        Mar 16, Puerto Rico Gov. Anibal Acevedo Vila unveiled proposals to eliminate more than 23,000 government jobs and close several public agencies, vowing to pull Puerto Rico out of a cycle of budget deficits and debt.
    (AP, 3/16/05)
2005        Mar 16, A Russian turboprop airliner carrying at least 52 people crashed and caught fire while trying to land near an oil port along the Arctic coast. At least 29 people, mostly Yukoil workers, were killed.
    (AP, 3/16/05)(WSJ, 3/17/05, p.A1)

2006        Mar 16, Pres. Bush named Idaho Gov. Dirk Kemphorne (54) as the new secretary of the interior to succeed Gail Norton, who resigned earlier this month.
    (SFC, 3/17/06, p.A4)
2006        Mar 16, The White House issued a 49-page security strategy report that listed Iran as the single country that may pose the biggest danger to the US and reaffirmed pre-emptive military actions as a central tenet of US security policy.
    (WSJ, 3/16/06, p.A1)
2006        Mar 16, The US Senate approved a $781 billion increase in U.S. borrowing authority aimed at averting a possible government default on debt this month. The Senate narrowly passed a $2.8 trillion election-year budget blueprint.
    (Reuters, 3/16/06)(AP, 3/15/07)
2006        Mar 16, US Federal drug agents raided several “marijuana candy factories" in Oakland and Emeryville, Ca., seizing hundreds of sodas and candies with such names as Trippy, Stoney Rancher, Toka-Cola and Budtela.
    (SFC, 3/18/06, p.A1)
2006        Mar 16, The Univ. of California regents, citing genocide in Darfur, voted to divest UC of tens of millions of securities from 9 foreign companies doing business with Sudan.
    (SFC, 3/17/06, p.A1)
2006        Mar 16, NASA released data backing the Big Bang theory that the universe sprang from marble size to infinity in less than a trillion-trillionth second.
    (WSJ, 3/17/06, p.A1)
2006        Mar 16, The Afghanistan government said lab tests have confirmed the first outbreak of the deadly H5N1 strain of bird flu.
    (AP, 3/16/06)
2006        Mar 16, In Afghanistan the trial of Abdul Rahman (41) began. He was arrested last month after his family accused him of becoming a Christian. Judge Ansarullah Mawlavezada said Rahman was charged with rejecting Islam and could be sentenced to death for converting from Islam to Christianity, a crime under the country's Islamic laws.
    (AP, 3/19/06)
2006        Mar 16, In Congo a defense ministry source said Defense Minister Adolphe Onusumba had written to the head of the army asking him to suspend or arrest General Widi Mbuilu Divioka, the army commander in Katanga province. The general was being accused of diverting military food trains for private business after at least 20 soldiers died from hunger or malnutrition at a southern camp.
    (Reuters, 3/16/06)
2006        Mar 16, Timor-Leste’s PM Mari Alkatiri sacked almost half the country’s 1,400-strong army for going on strike effective as of March 1.
    (Econ, 6/3/06, p.38)(http://tinyurl.com/egj85)
2006        Mar 16, Ecuador's Supreme Court released former President Gustavo Noboa from house arrest after reducing charges against him for allegedly mishandling the country's foreign debt negotiations during his three-year term.
    (AP, 3/16/06)
2006        Mar 16, In northern Honduras a speeding bus crashed into a small van carrying a group of US soldiers, killing two and injuring one.
    (AP, 3/16/06)
2006        Mar 16, In Indonesia protesters killed four security officers after clashes broke out during a rally demanding the closure of a US-owned gold mine in Papua. The officers were either hacked or burned to death.
    (AP, 3/16/06)
2006        Mar 16, In Iran rebels under Abdolmalek Rigi, posing as security forces, killed 22 people on the southeastern Zabol-Zahedan road in Sistan-Baluchestan province.
    (AP, 3/17/06)(Econ, 6/3/06, p.43)
2006        Mar 16, Iraq's new parliament was sworn in, with parties still deadlocked over the next government. Iraqi police found 25 bodies discarded in various parts of Baghdad overnight. The new parliament met briefly for the first time but did no business and adjourned after just 40 minutes, unable to agree on a speaker, let alone a prime minister. US forces, joined by Iraqi troops, launched “Operation Swarmer," the largest air assault since the US-led invasion, targeting insurgent strongholds north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/16/06)(AP, 3/15/07)
2006        Mar 16, Israeli troops surrounded two houses in the West Bank town of Jenin, setting off a fierce gunbattle with Palestinian militants that left one Israeli soldier dead and forced the surrender of five wanted men.
    (AP, 3/16/06)
2006        Mar 16, The 4th World Water Forum opened in Mexico City.
    (AP, 3/16/06)
2006        Mar 16, The PM of Mauritania asked the West for help in sealing his borders as migrants from elsewhere in Africa were overwhelming the country as they set out from there on an often deadly voyage to Europe.
    (AP, 3/16/06)
2006        Mar 16, In Nuevo Laredo, Mexico, 4 plainclothes federal police agents were killed after an unknown number of gunmen sprayed the unmarked pickup truck they were riding in with more than 30 bullets. The slayings came a day after 600 new members of the Federal Preventative Police arrived in Nuevo Laredo as part of extra-security efforts.
    (AP, 3/16/06)
2006        Mar 16, In southwestern Pakistan 7 homemade bombs toppled two high-power electricity transmission towers and disrupted power to thousands of homes for several hours.
    (AP, 3/16/06)
2006        Mar 16, The World Bank warned that the Palestinian economy will be devastated if Israel and the international community follow through on threats to cut off financial assistance once Hamas assumes power.
    (AP, 3/16/06)
2006        Mar 16, G-8 energy ministers meeting in Moscow called for market-oriented approaches to increasing supplies and said significant investments would be needed in the production, transportation and processing of resources.
    (AP, 3/16/06)
2006        Mar 16, Queen Elizabeth II arrived in the former British colony of Singapore for a two-day state visit.
    (AP, 3/16/06)
2006        Mar 16, In Sri Lanka thousands of civil servants demanding higher salaries marched in Colombo, part of a daylong nationwide strike that paralyzed the government.
    (AP, 3/16/06)
2006        Mar 16, In eastern Turkey a helicopter carrying military officers crashed, killing five officers, and seriously injuring another.
    (AP, 3/17/06)
2006        Mar 16, Uganda's army said the leader of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) rebels had left a south Sudanese hideout and joined his deputy in the jungles of neighboring Congo.
    (AP, 3/16/06)

2007        Mar 16, Assistant Secretary of State Christopher Hill, the top US nuclear envoy, said a dispute on North Korean funds held in a Macau bank has been resolved, potentially removing a key stumbling block that has bedeviled progress on dismantling Pyongyang's nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 3/16/07)
2007        Mar 16, Former CIA operative Valerie Plame told a House committee that White House and State Department officials had "carelessly and recklessly" blown her cover in a politically motivated smear of her husband, former Ambassador Joseph Wilson, for publicly disputing President Bush's assertion that Saddam Hussein was on the brink of acquiring a nuclear bomb.
    (AP, 3/16/08)
2007        Mar 16, The Inter-American Development Bank announced it would forgive $4.4 billion in debt owed by five of the poorest countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. The bank excused the foreign debts of Bolivia, Honduras, Nicaragua, Haiti and Guyana in an announcement ahead of its annual meeting.
    (AP, 3/16/07)
2007        Mar 16, In Wilmington, Del., Rachel L. Holt (35), who had pleaded guilty to second-degree rape, was sentenced to 10 years in prison for having sex with a 13-year-old student.
    (AP, 3/18/07)
2007        Mar 16, SF Mayor Newsom said he plans to open a new courthouse to crack down on nuisance crimes such as public urination, panhandling, graffiti and prostitution. Antwanisha Morgan (17) was shot and killed outside the Bayview community youth center. On March 29 a boy (14) was charged in the drive-by murder. Another suspect (17) was arrested April 2, and 2 more (aged 15 & 16) on April 5. In 2009 a juvenile court judge ruled that all 4 suspects participated in the slaying of Morgan.
    (SFC, 3/17/07, p.A1)(SFC, 3/21/07, p.B1)(SFC, 3/30/07, p.B4)(SFC, 4/7/07, p.B2)(SFC, 1/17/09, p.B1)
2007        Mar 16, In San Francisco Ruby Ordenana (27), a transgender prostitute, was brutally killed. Her naked body was found in the Potrero Hill area near I-280. In 2009 DNA evidence tied her murder to Donzell Francis. In the interim Francis raped and brutalized at least 3 other transgender prostitutes. In 2010 SF prosecutors filed murder charges against Francis (41), who was already serving a 17-year prison sentence for another sexual assault.
    (SFC, 11/21/09, p.A1)(SFC, 4/28/10, p.C2)
2007        Mar 16, Menu Foods, a major manufacturer of dog and cat food sold under Wal-Mart, Safeway, Kroger and other store brands, recalled 60 million containers of wet pet food after reports of kidney failure and deaths.
    (AP, 3/16/08)
2007        Mar 16, JetBlue canceled 215 flights because of a winter storm on the East Coast. The storm was blamed for as many as a dozen deaths and forced more than 3,600 flight cancellations.
    (AP, 3/16/07)(WSJ, 3/19/07, p.A1)
2007        Mar 16, African ministers in Geneva said Washington's proposed farm policy overhaul threatens to worsen the plight of Africa's cotton farmers by providing fresh assistance to US producers.
    (AP, 3/16/07)
2007        Mar 16, People all over Britain donned red noses and took part in fundraising events for the 11th annual Red Nose Day, with the money going to help disadvantaged people in Africa and Britain. The event, launched in 1985, is organized every two years by Comic Relief.
    (AFP, 3/16/07)
2007        Mar 16, Cambodian and foreign judges reached a key agreement on procedures governing Cambodia's long-stalled Khmer Rouge tribunal.
    (AP, 3/16/07)
2007        Mar 16, China's legislators passed a law providing the most sweeping protection for private businesses and property since the nation's move toward a more capitalist-style economy beginning in the late 1970s. The legislature approved a law to end three decades of blanket tax breaks for foreign investors, raising their rates to match those of Chinese companies.
    (AP, 3/16/07)
2007        Mar 16, Ethiopia called for international pressure to be applied on Eritrea, which it accuses of holding eight Ethiopians still missing after the release of five European captives.
    (AP, 3/16/07)
2007        Mar 16, In eastern India thousands of activists burned buses and blocked roads to protest the recent killing of 14 farmers opposed to government plans to build an industrial park on their land.
    (AP, 3/16/07)
2007        Mar 16, In Indonesia an official said Bird flu has killed a 32-year-old man, taking the death toll in the nation worst hit by the disease to 65.
    (AP, 3/16/07)
2007        Mar 16, Six major powers sent a strong signal to Iran that they remain united in seeking to rein in its nuclear ambitions, compromising on a sanctions package to step up pressure on the Islamic republic to suspend uranium enrichment.
    (AP, 3/16/07)
2007        Mar 16, Adel Abdul-Mahdi, the Iraqi vice president, presented his country's economic and political reform plan at a UN conference, pledging to adopt a law to the Iraq's oil riches among its often feuding regions and a program to grant amnesty for insurgents who renounce violence. Radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr decried US forces as occupiers and called on his followers to shout “No, No America!" Three suicide bombers driving chlorine-laden trucks struck in the Sunni insurgent stronghold of Anbar province, killing two policemen and forcing about 350 Iraqi civilians and six US troops to seek treatment for exposure to the gas. gunmen killed a member of the governmental facilities protection service in Suwayrah. In Kirkuk 2 policemen were killed and three civilians wounded by a roadside bomb and a following ambush. A mortar attack against a Sunni mosque in the southeastern Baghdad neighborhood of Zafaraniyah killed one civilian and wounded two others. 4 US soldiers were killed in a roadside bombing in mainly Shiite eastern Baghdad. The military said it found a sophisticated weapon at the site that was not detonated but was of the type that Washington believes is being supplied by Iran to Shiite militias.
    (AP, 3/16/07)(AP, 3/17/07)
2007        Mar 16, Israeli leaders criticized the new Palestinian unity government, charging that the Hamas-Fatah coalition did not meet international conditions, including recognizing the Jewish state's right to exist. Three masked Palestinian gunmen opened fire on a vehicle carrying the chief of the UN refugee mission in Gaza and tried to kidnap him. A Fatah intelligence official was killed in a nearby ambush.
    (AP, 3/16/07)(WSJ, 3/17/07, p.A1)
2007        Mar 16, It was reported that Italy has banned schoolchildren from using mobile phones in class in an attempt to stop ringtones disrupting lessons and prevent pupils messing about with video cameras.
    (Reuters, 3/16/07)
2007        Mar 16, Laos confirmed its second human death from bird flu, a woman who died earlier this month, after results from a lab used by the World Health Organization (WHO).
    (AP, 3/16/07)
2007        Mar 16, In Mexico an economist and a journalist became the first couple united under Mexico City's new gay civil union law.
    (AP, 3/16/07)
2007        Mar 16, In Nicaragua former president Arnoldo Aleman, convicted of money laundering and embezzlement, was freed from the conditions of his parole and allowed to travel around the country. Critics said was a ploy by President Daniel Ortega to weaken the opposition.
    (AP, 3/17/07)
2007        Mar 16, Frenchman Gerard Laporal, kidnapped in Nigeria's southern oil capital Port Harcourt more than a month ago, was released.
    (AFP, 3/16/07)
2007        Mar 16, In Pakistan police fired tear gas at rock-throwing demonstrators and detained scores of political activists, including an opposition party leader and a former national president, in a bid to stifle protests at the ouster of the country’s top judge.
    (AP, 3/16/07)
2007        Mar 16, Portugal said it is closing its embassy in Baghdad because of security concerns.
    (AP, 3/16/07)
2007        Mar 16, Government officials said that Russia will build two nuclear reactors annually through 2015, and increase to four a year by 2020 in an effort to sharply increase atomic power generation, according to Russian news agencies.
    (AP, 3/16/07)

2008        Mar 16, The US Federal Reserve, acting urgently over the weekend to stabilize financial markets, approved a cut in its emergency lending rate to 3.25% from 3.50%. The move will allow big investment firms to quickly secure short-term loans.
    (AP, 3/17/08)
2008        Mar 16, JPMorgan said it would buy Bear Stearns for $236.2 million, $2 a share, in a stunning fall for one of the world's largest and most venerable investment banks. In 2009 William D. Cohan authored “How the Money Vanished: A Tale of Hubris and Wretched Excess on Wall Street."
    (AP, 3/17/08)(WSJ, 3/6/09, p.A13)
2008        Mar 16, Ivan Dixon (b.1931), black actor, director and producer best known for his role as Kinchloe on the 1960s television series "Hogan's Heroes," died.
    (AP, 3/19/08)
2008        Mar 16, Ola Brunkert (62), a former drummer for 1970s Swedish pop group ABBA, was found dead after an apparent accident in his house in Mallorca. He first played with ABBA on the group's first single, "People Need Love," and toured with the band in 1977, 1979 and 1980.
    (AP, 3/17/08)
2008        Mar 16, In Afghanistan’s eastern Nangarhar province four militants were killed in an exchange of fire after attacking a police post near the border with Pakistan. A Canadian soldier died in an explosion while on foot patrol in Kandahar province.
    (AFP, 3/16/08)(AP, 3/17/08)
2008        Mar 16, Premier Wen Jiabao was appointed to a second five-year term as China's top economic official, leading efforts to cool soaring inflation and showcase the country to the world at the Beijing Olympics.
    (AP, 3/16/08)
2008        Mar 16, The Dalai Lama called for an international investigation into China's crackdown against protesters in Tibet, which he said is facing a "cultural genocide" and where his exiled government said 80 people were killed in the violence. Internet users in China were blocked from seeing YouTube.com after dozens of videos about protests in Tibet appeared on the popular US video Web site.
    (AP, 3/16/08)
2008        Mar 16, Comoran soldiers encountered a "disorganized" resistance from rebel forces in Anjouan and "the confrontation that followed led to the deaths of dozens of rebel forces. The next day Lieutenant Colonel Mohamed Amiri Salimou said the National Development Army (AND) army had carried out two "successful" operations against forces loyal to Mohamed Bacar's forces on March 9-10 and March 14-16.
    (AFP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 16, In Egypt 23 people, mostly policemen, were killed when their vehicle smashed into a truck on the highway between Cairo and Alexandria.
    (AP, 3/16/08)
2008        Mar 16, In France the Socialists took an estimated 49% of the vote, against 47.5% for the Pres. Sarkozy’s UMP. Socialists now control 58% of towns with more than 30,000 inhabitants, after winning 40 from the right including several bastions.
    (AFP, 3/17/08)
2008        Mar 16, In France a pipe ruptured while a tanker was being loaded at a Total refinery. Some 3,000 barrels of fuel oil leaked in and along the Loire River.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 16, German Chancellor Angela Merkel acknowledged her country's "historical responsibility" to Israel as she opened a three-day visit marking the 60th anniversary of the Jewish state.
    (AP, 3/16/08)
2008        Mar 16, In India suspected insurgents lobbed a hand grenade at thousands of people participating in a cultural festival in the northeast Jonai, killing three and wounding another 50.
    (AP, 3/16/08)
2008        Mar 16, In northern India 15 poor people were freed from captivity after selling their blood to private clinics to make money. Five people were arrested and later charged with illegal confinement of people and attempt to murder.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 16, Iran's Culture Ministry announced the closure of nine cinema and lifestyle magazines for publishing pictures and stories about the life of "corrupt" foreign film stars and promoting "superstitions."
    (AP, 3/16/08)
2008        Mar 16, Sen. John McCain, the Republican Party's presumptive nominee for president who has linked his political future to US success in Iraq, was in Baghdad for meetings with Iraqi and US diplomatic and military officials.
    (AP, 3/16/08)
2008        Mar 16, Tuareg rebels (MNJ) in Niger killed a police officer and a republican guard in an attack 200 kilometers north of the capital Niamey.
    (AFP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 16, In Pakistan a drone dropped 7 missiles on a compound outside Wana in South Waziristan, killing at least 20 people.
    (AP, 3/16/08)(SFC, 3/17/08, p.A9)
2008        Mar 16, In northern Sri Lanka suspected separatist Tamil rebels killed a police officer and a soldier in separate attacks, taking the death toll from two days of violence to 30.
    (AP, 3/16/08)

2009        Mar 16, President Barack Obama blistered insurance giant AIG for "recklessness and greed" and pledged to try to block it from handing its executives $165 million in bonuses after taking billions in federal bailout money. Obama also freed billions of dollars to help the nation’s small businesses with loans.
    (AP, 3/17/09)(SFC, 3/16/09, p.C1)
2009        Mar 16, The US and Germany signed an agreement to share science and technology research in an effort to improve the security of both nations.
    (AP, 3/16/09)
2009        Mar 16,  Hawaii’s Supreme Court rejected a state law that allowed the Hawaii Superferry to operate while an environmental study is being conducted forcing the inter-island ferry service to cease operations.
    (AP, 3/17/09)
2009        Mar 16, In Michigan 4 teenagers were killed when their car was struck by a van driven by Frances Patricia Dingle in Roseville. Dingle was measured with a blood alcohol level of .08, twice the legal limit, and was charged with 2nd degree murder.
    (SFC, 3/18/09, p.A5)
2009        Mar 16, Vincent Fumo (65), former Pennsylvania state senator, was convicted of 137 counts of corruption for schemes that defrauded the state senate of more than $3.5 million.
    (WSJ, 3/17/09, p.A6)
2009        Mar 16, Wisconsin Gov. Jim Doyle said the state will use "Live like you mean it" to promote the state as a tourism and business destination, replacing the slogan "Life's So Good."
    (AP, 3/18/09)
2009        Mar 16, US researchers said a new test can accurately detect Alzheimer's disease in its earliest stages, before dementia symptoms surface and widespread damage occurs.
    (Reuters, 3/17/09)
2009        Mar 16, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber struck a police station as a convoy was about to head out on a poppy eradication mission, killing 11people and wounding 29. An Australian soldier in a joint Australian-Afghan army patrol was shot dead during a "very intense firefight" with 20 Taliban insurgents in Uruzgan province.
    (AFP, 3/16/09)(AP, 3/17/09)(SFC, 3/17/09, p.A3)
2009        Mar 16, At least two Algerian soldiers were killed when their convoy was hit by roadside bombs in the east of the country.
    (AFP, 3/17/09)
2009        Mar 16, The government of Dubai resigned to prevent the questioning in Parliament of the country’s prime minister, the nephew of Kuwait’s emir, regarding a number of issues including alleged mismanagement and land-use concerns.
    (WSJ, 3/18/09, p.A8)
2009        Mar 16, Amr Moussa (b.1936), former Egyptian Foreign Minister and head of the Arab League, said AL countries will not carry out an International Criminal Court request to arrest Sudan's president on charges of war crimes in Darfur.
    (AP, 3/17/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amr_Moussa)
2009        Mar 16, Sir Nicholas Henderson (89), a former British ambassador to the US, died in London. He  helped build support for Britain's war effort in the Falklands Islands.
    (AP, 3/16/09)
2009        Mar 16, Bernard d’Espagnat (87), French physicist and philosopher, was named in Paris as the winner of this year’s $1.42 million Templeton Prize.
    (SFC, 3/17/09, p.A2)
2009        Mar 16, In Iraq a 12-year-old girl was killed when American soldiers fired at a vehicle speeding toward them and Iraqi police near Mosul. The military said the girl was standing about 100 yards (meters) behind the vehicle and was struck by a round. In Baghdad a US soldier was fatally injured during combat operations.
    (AP, 3/17/09)
2009        Mar 16, In Kyrgyzstan opposition parties called for protests across the country this month, amid worsening economic conditions and mounting accusations of government repression.
    (AP, 3/17/09)
2009        Mar 16, Lebanon opened its first-ever embassy in Syria in another sign of improving ties between the long-feuding neighbors.
    (AP, 3/16/09)
2009        Mar 16, Madagascar's opposition leader called on the military to arrest the nation's president as a power struggle between the two appeared to be reaching a decisive moment.
    (AP, 3/16/09)
2009        Mar 16, Mexico said it will increase tariffs on about 90 US products in retaliation for last week's decision to end a pilot program that allowed some Mexican trucks to transport goods in the United States.
    (AP, 3/16/09)
2009        Mar 16, In northern Mexico a tractor-trailer slammed into a bus carrying Canadian and US tourists, killing 11. The bus was carrying a group of Texas retirees from McAllen, Texas, to the northern Mexican state of Zacatecas when a drunken driver lost control of his tractor-trailer outside the city of Saltillo.
    (AP, 3/17/09)(WSJ, 3/18/09, p.A10)
2009        Mar 16, A UN human rights investigator accused North Korean authorities of committing widespread torture in prisons that he called "death traps." Life in the reclusive communist-ruled country is "dire and desperate," said Vitit Muntarbhorn, adding that people are denied enough food to survive.
    (AP, 3/16/09)
2009        Mar 16, In Pakistan the Zardari government relented in a major confrontation with the opposition, agreeing to reinstate Iftikhar Mohammed Chaudhry, the fired Supreme Court chief justice, whose fate had sparked street fights and raised fears of political instability. The government said Chaudhry would be sworn back in on March 21. PM Yousuf Raza Gilani's announcement also promised the restoration of a handful of other judges who had remained off the bench since former President Pervez Musharraf sacked them in 2007. Up to 50 militants attacked a terminal for trucks carrying supplies to US and NATO troops in Afghanistan, in the second such assault in northwest Pakistan in two days. A suicide bomber blew up at a busy bus terminal near Islamabad, killing at least nine people and wounding 18 more.
    (AP, 3/16/09)
2009        Mar 16, Sudan's Pres. Omar al-Bashir he wants all international aid groups out of the country within a year, insisting they can drop off supplies "at airports or seaports" and let Sudanese organizations take care of it.
    (AP, 3/16/09)
2009        Mar 16, In southern Somalia gunmen seized four UN workers, the latest in a series of attacks on aid workers in the war-ravaged Horn of Africa nation.
    (AP, 3/16/09)
2009        Mar 16, In Turkey a UN global forum on water opened in Istanbul. The UN said global demand for water is rising as access to safe drinking water remains inadequate in much of the developing world.
    (SFC, 3/17/09, p.A2)
2009        Mar 16, The Vatican said it will launch a Chinese version of its website on March 19 in an effort to bring more of Pope Benedict's message to China, whose communist government does not allow Catholics to recognize his authority.
    (Reuters, 3/16/09)

2010        Mar 16, DHS Secretary Janet Napolitano said she is freezing funding for the SBInet project, the virtual border fence along the US-Mexican border, due to cost overruns and missed deadlines by Boeing Corp. The project has cost $2.4 billion between 2005 and 2009.
    (http://news.yahoo.com/s/csm/20100317/ts_csm/288327)
2010        Mar 16, In Texas a tour bus headed for Mexico crashed and killed 2 people.
    (AP, 3/17/10)
2010        Mar 16, In southern Afghanistan two NATO soldiers were killed by a crude bomb.
    (AP, 3/17/10)
2010        Mar 16, Seven north African states held talks in Algeria to plan a coordinated response to Al-Qaeda following a dangerous rise in the terror threat in the Sahara-Sahel region.
    (AFP, 3/16/10)
2010        Mar 16, Bolivian officials said they have fired prison director Col. Gilmar Oblitas for allowing imprisoned former Gen. Luis Garcia Meza (81) turn cells into a luxury apartment.
    (SFC, 3/17/10, p.A2)
2010        Mar 16, Brazilian police and church officials said authorities were investigating three priests accused of sexually abusing altar boys after a video allegedly showing one case of abuse was broadcast on SBT television a week earlier.
    (AP, 3/17/10)
2010        Mar 16, A French policeman (53) was killed outside Paris by a member of ETA, the Basque separatist group. France's anti-terrorism police interrogated one suspect and tried to track down at least one other assailant who escaped. A police official said the suspected ETA commando unit was allegedly trying to steal cars when it was surprised by police.
    (AP, 3/17/10)
2010        Mar 16, In Haiti two off-duty officers were shot to death near an open-air market in the capital. Such shootings have increased since thousands of prisoners escaped during the Jan. 12 earthquake.
    (AP, 3/16/10)
2010        Mar 16, In Indian Kashmir 2 civilians and a policeman were killed and 8 other people wounded when suspected militants attacked police patrols at two major markets in Sopore and Srinagar.
    (AFP, 3/16/10)
2010        Mar 16, Iranian opposition leader Mehdi Karoubi, defying government warnings, said the Islamic republic was "plagued with despotism," in remarks published ahead of a national celebration that could trigger more protests.
    (Reuters, 3/16/10)
2010        Mar 16, Mexico's government announced an austerity plan for trimming general spending $3.2 billion (40.1 billion pesos) over the next three years so it can provide more money for social and infrastructure programs. The military and some security, educational and health services were exempt from the measures.
    (AP, 3/17/10)
2010        Mar 16, Pakistan and Iran signed a $7.6 billion deal in Turkey paving the way for the construction of a much-delayed pipeline pumping Iranian natural gas to the energy-starved South Asian country.
    (AP, 3/17/10)
2010        Mar 16, In Peru President Alan Garcia fired Justice Minister Aurelio Pastor amid questions over the pardoning of Jose Enrique Crousillat (77), a former media executive convicted of taking payoffs to provide favorable coverage for a previous government.
    (AP, 3/16/10)
2010        Mar 16, At the CITES meeting in Qatar a marine conservation group, Oceana, said surging demand for shark fin soup among Asia's booming middle classes is driving many species of these big fish to the brink of extinction.
    (AP, 3/16/10)
2010        Mar 16, In northwest Pakistan a US missile strike and clashes between extremist gunmen and tribesmen killed at least 20 militants near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 3/16/10)
2010        Mar 16, Hundreds of Palestinians clashed with security forces in east Jerusalem as tension boiled over in the city and a senior Hamas leader called for a new "intifada," or uprising.
    (AFP, 3/16/10) 
2010        Mar 16, Thai protesters poured several jugs of their own blood at the front gate of the government headquarters and outside the ruling party's offices in a symbolic sacrifice to press their demands for new elections.
    (AP, 3/16/10)

2011        Mar 16, A US official said the Obama administration is flying drones over Mexico to help gather intelligence for the southern neighbor's battle against drug traffickers.
    (AP, 3/16/11)
2011        Mar 16, US federal agents arrested Azra Basic (52), a Croatian woman in small-town Kentucky for alleged war crimes two decades ago in the former Yugoslavia. A complaint accused Basic of committing crimes at three camps near the majority-Serbian settlement of Cardak in Derventa. Authorities said that, as a soldier in the Croatian army, she killed a prisoner and tortured others by forcing them to drink human blood and gasoline.
    (AP, 3/18/11)
2011        Mar 16, NASA astronaut Scott Kelly and two Russian cosmonauts landed safely in central Kazakhstan after a five-month stint on the International Space Station. They left behind Russian cosmonaut Dmitry Kondratyev, Italy's Paolo Nespoli and NASA astronaut Catherine Coleman, who are due to return to earth in about three months.
    (AP, 3/16/11)
2011        Mar 16, In central California a 40-foot section of Highway 1 crumbled south of Carmel just after 5 pm following several days of rainy weather. The entire southbound lane was gone, and the soil under the northbound lane also was giving way.
    (AP, 3/17/11)
2011        Mar 16, Algerian police in Algiers used tear gas to disperse a crowd of young men who were throwing petrol bombs and stones. The protesters said they had no political demands but wanted the authorities to give them better housing.
    (Reuters, 3/16/11)
2011        Mar 16, In Bahrain soldiers and riot police expelled hundreds of protesters from landmark square in Manama, using tear gas and armored vehicles to try to subdue the growing movement challenging the 200-year-old monarchy. At least five people were killed as clashes flared across the kingdom. Bahia al-Aradi (51) was driving on a main road in Manama looking for gasoline when she was shot in the head as she approached a military checkpoint.
    (AP, 3/16/11)(AP, 3/22/11)
2011        Mar 16, Bolivian authorities arrested police Col. Robert Miguel Valdez outside the eastern city of Santa Cruz after agents found traces of cocaine in his vehicle.
    (AP, 3/17/11)
2011        Mar 16, Europol said police in several countries have arrested 184 alleged members of an online pedophile ring and rescued 230 children in one of the biggest operations of its kind. Dubbed Operation Rescue, Europol said the probe started three years ago.
    (AFP, 3/16/11)
2011        Mar 16, Indian businessman Sadiq Batcha, who had been questioned over a multi-billion-dollar telecoms fraud, was found dead in the southern city of Chennai after apparently committing suicide. Batcha was a business associate and aide to A. Raja, the former telecoms minister at the centre of a scandal that has rocked the government.
    (AFP, 3/16/11)
2011        Mar 16, An Iranian cargo plane en route to Syria was forced to land in Turkey's southeastern Diyarbakir airport for an inspection. The plane was found to be carrying 150 tons of food but "no material contrary to international standards.
    (AFP, 3/16/11)(AP, 3/23/11)
2011        Mar 16, An Iraqi court ordered the execution of an al-Qaida leader and five of his lieutenants for masterminding some of Baghdad's deadliest bombings. Munaf al-Rawi was convicted and sentenced to death for the attacks that included the August 2009 government ministry bombings that killed more than 100 people. A car bombing in Kirkuk killed three people, including a four-month old baby and the baby's mother.
    (AP, 3/16/11)
2011        Mar 16, Israeli aircraft fired rockets at a Hamas training ground in the Gaza Strip, killing two militants from the Islamist group.
    (AFP, 3/16/11)
2011        Mar 16, In the Ivory Coast violence reached a new level after Gbagbo rejected last week's African Union decision to endorse Ouattara's victory. In the Attecoube district of Abidjan UN doctors treated 55 people, four of whom died, bringing the total number of deaths since November's election to 410.
    (AP, 3/17/11)
2011        Mar 16, Japanese emergency workers forced to retreat from the tsunami-stricken Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear plant when radiation levels soared prepared to return tonight after emissions dropped to safer levels. Japan's national news agency, Kyodo, said that 33 percent of the fuel rods at the No. 2 reactor were damaged and that the cores of both reactors were believed to have partially melted. Nearly 3,700 people were officially listed as dead. Officials believed the toll will climb over 10,000 since several thousand more were listed as missing.
    (AP, 3/16/11)
2011        Mar 16, A senior Kosovo politician and former rebel leader was indicted by an EU prosecutor for allegedly executing and torturing Serb prisoners of war during the 1998-99 war. Fatmir Limaj, a top former commander of the Kosovo Liberation Army, was among 11 former rebels named in the indictment.
    (AP, 3/16/11)
2011        Mar 16, Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi's forces used tanks and artillery to try to retake the city of Misrata, the last big rebel stronghold in western Libya. Gaddafi's son Saif al-Islam said "everything will be over in 48 hours."
    (Reuters, 3/16/11)
2011        Mar 16, The Malta-registered MS Olivia was grounded on Nightingale Island in the Tristan da Cunha chain. All 22 crew were rescued by 17th March. The ship broke in two and some 20,000 penguins became coated in oil. There was a risk rats from the ship could come ashore and eat the chicks and eggs of native seabirds.
    (AP, 3/22/11)(www.tristandc.com/newsmsoliva.php)
2011        Mar 16, In Oman about 300 security guards demonstrated in the capital Muscat, calling for better wages and weekends off. They blocked traffic on a downtown street before the inspector general for police and customs addressed them, saying he would study their demands.
    (AP, 3/16/11)
2011        Mar 16, Pakistan freed CIA contractor Raymond Allen Davis, who had shot and killed two Pakistani men, after the US paid $2.34 million in "blood money" to the victims' families. Davis, who was acquitted in court, claimed he acted in self-defense when he killed the two men on the street in the eastern city of Lahore.
    (AP, 3/16/11)
2011        Mar 16, Dozens of Hamas police and security forces entered Gaza City's Al Azhar university and began beating up students heading out for a protest.
    (AFP, 3/16/11)
2011        Mar 16, Somali pirates captured the Indonesian-flagged MV Sinar Kudus in the Arabian Sea, then used it to attack a Liberian-flagged cargo ship nearby. On May 1 pirates released the bulk carrier Sinar Kudus and its 20 sailors after a ransom was paid.
    (AP, 3/17/11)(AFP, 5/1/11)
2011        Mar 16, Yemen government supporters armed with sticks, knives and guns attacked thousands of pro-democracy protesters camped out in a main square, injuring hundreds. About 10,000 Saleh supporters attacked about 4,000 protesters at the southern al-Hudaydah port. After about a month of protests security forces have killed about 50 demonstrators.
    (AP, 3/16/11)(SFC, 3/17/11, p.A2)

2012        Mar 16, In Washington, DC, actor George Clooney and several members of the US Congress were handcuffed and arrested outside Sudan's embassy as they demanded an end to an offensive they fear will cause thousands to starve.
    (AFP, 3/16/12)
2012        Mar 16, In Oakland, Ca. charges were filed in US District Court against Balvinder Singh Chadha (45), former manager of postal vehicle service operations in Oakland, for illegally billing over $4 million for steering contracts to a truck-leasing company he ran with his wife (39). On April 3 he and wife pleaded guilty to conspiracy.
    (SFC, 3/21/12, p.C8)(SFC, 4/7/12, p.D3)
2012        Mar 16, In California Sierra LaMar (15) was last seen at her home in Morgan Hill getting ready for school. On May 21 police arrested Antolin Garcia-Torres (21) in connection to the missing teen. His DNA was found on clothing in LaMar's bag recovered shortly after her disappearance.  2014 Garcia-Torres was charged with murder.
    (SFC, 5/22/12, p.C2)(SSFC, 7/13/14, p.C8)
2012        Mar 16, In Georgia hot-air balloon pilot Edward Ristaino (63) ordered 5 skydivers to jump from his balloon at 4,000 feet as a sudden storm approached. The storm sucked up Ristaino’s balloon to some 17,000 feet. His body was found 3 days later about 8 miles from where the skydivers landed.
    (SFC, 3/20/12, p.A5)
2012        Mar 16, A New Jersey jury found former Rutgers student Dharun Ravi guilty on all counts for using a webcam to spy on his roommate, Tyler Clementi, having a gay sexual encounter in 2010. Clementi's case gained national attention when he committed suicide by jumping off the George Washington Bridge Sept. 22, 2010.
    (SFC, 3/17/12, p.A5)
2012        Mar 16, Cincinnati, Ohio, was ranked No. 1 in a list of American cities with the most bedbugs. It retained the rating in 2013.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ka8hyrl)(SFC, 8/21/13, p.A8)
2012        Mar 16, The new iPad went on sale in Canada, France, Germany and the United States at $499, the same price as the previous models, for the most basic iPad featuring wireless connectivity only. 3 million were sold over the next 4 days.
    (AFP, 3/8/12)(Econ, 3/24/12, p.71)
2012        Mar 16, Afghan Pres. Karzai angrily accused the US of not sharing information about how an American soldier allegedly shot and killed 16 Afghans in two villages.
    (AP, 3/16/12)
2012        Mar 16, In Afghanistan a Turkish helicopter crashed into a house on the outskirts of Kabul, killing 12 Turkish soldiers and two Afghan civilians.
    (AFP, 3/16/12)
2012        Mar 16, In Brazil Judge Joao Matos ruled that kidnapping charges filed earlier this week against retired army Col. Sebastiao de Moura would go against Brazil's 1979 amnesty law.
    (AP, 3/16/12)
2012        Mar 16, Britain’s Environment Agency said Indonesia has asked Britain to take back 1,800 tons of waste after inspectors found liquid and illegal mixed waste in containers marked as "scrap metal."
    (AFP, 3/16/12)
2012        Mar 16, In southwestern China Lobsang Tsultrim (20), a Tibetan monk, set himself on fire before being beaten and dragged away by Chinese security forces by the Kirti monastery, Sichuan province.
    (AFP, 3/16/12)(AFP, 3/21/12)
2012        Mar 16, In Denmark a psychiatric patient (47) stabbed a doctor and two nurses at the at Odense University Hospital, then surrendered after a 10-hour standoff with police. The doctor and one of the nurses were in critical condition.
    (AP, 3/16/12)
2012        Mar 16, Hundreds of Egyptian activists rallied in Cairo, lambasting a recent military tribunal ruling that cleared a military doctor of charges he forced a "virginity test" on female activists.
    (AP, 3/17/12)
2012        Mar 16, El Salvador's government said it will be giving $50-per-month pensions to thousands of elderly former leftist rebels who fought in the country's 1980-1992 civil war.
    (AP, 3/16/12)
2012        Mar 16, The Eritrean government said that an attack on its military outposts by neighboring Ethiopia was carried out with the help of the US and meant to divert attention from a decade-old border dispute between the two countries.
    (AP, 3/16/12)
2012        Mar 16, Germany's top federal appeals court ruled that a Berlin museum must return to Peter Sachs (74), a Jewish man from the US, thousands of rare posters that were seized from his father by the Gestapo, saying that for the institution to keep them would be perpetuating the crimes of the Nazis.
    (AP, 3/16/12)
2012        Mar 16, India boosted military spending by 17% to $40 billion for the coming year as it seeks to counter China's rapid military build-up and its traditional rival Pakistan.
    (AFP, 3/16/12)
2012        Mar 16, Nearly 1,500 Latvians paid tribute to soldiers who fought in Nazi Germany's Waffen SS divisions, while nearby Russians held a counter protest to recall war crimes committed against Jews and other minorities.
    (AP, 3/16/12)
2012        Mar 16, In Libya backers and opponents of federalism clashed in the eastern city of Benghazi with guns, rocks and knives, amid conflicting reports on casualties.
    (AFP, 3/16/12)
2012        Mar 16, Moldova's Parliament elected Nicolae Timofti (65), a judge with a European outlook, as president. This ended nearly three years of political deadlock.
    (AP, 3/16/12)
2012        Mar 16, Myanmar signed an agreement with the International Labor Organization to end forced labor by 2015. The main problem involved adults and youngsters pressed into working for the army.
    (AFP, 3/16/12)
2012        Mar 16, North Korea announced plans to blast a satellite into space on the back of a long-range rocket, a provocative move that could jeopardize a weeks-old agreement with the US exchanging food aid for nuclear concessions. North Korea also invited the International Atomic Energy Agency to return, three years after expelling its nuclear monitors
    (AP, 3/16/12)(AP, 3/20/12)
2012        Mar 16, In the Philippines a 5.9 magnitude earthquake struck off the southern island of Dinagat and left at least 45 people injured, most of them shoppers who panicked and rushed in a stampede for the exits.
    (AFP, 3/16/12)
2012        Mar 16, Russia said it has encouraged the Syrian government to cooperate with Kofi Annan, the envoy charged with trying to help end the violence there, and urged the West to do the same with the Syrian rebels.
    (AP, 3/16/12)
2012        Mar 16, Syrian troops clashed with army defectors in several areas near Damascus in the first significant battles there since President Bashar Assad's forces regained control of the suburbs weeks ago. 7 people were reported killed in overnight fighting in Dmeir and Qatana, also in the Damascus region. Activists called for rallies across Syria to demand immediate military intervention. Two more generals fled Syria to Turkey and linked up with rebels trying to overthrow President Bashar al-Assad's regime
    (AP, 3/16/12)(AFP, 3/16/12)(AFP, 3/19/12)
2012        Mar 16, The Gulf Cooperation Council announced that all six of its member states were closing their Damascus embassies after having last month withdrawn their ambassadors.
    (AFP, 3/16/12)
2012        Mar 16, In Tunisia several thousand men and women demonstrated outside the parliament to demand the inclusion of Islamic law in the country's future constitution.
    (AFP, 3/17/12)
2012        Mar 16, Turkey urged its citizens in Syria to return home, saying some consular services will be halted in Damascus next week.
    (AP, 3/16/12)
2012        Mar 16, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez returned home nearly three weeks after undergoing cancer surgery in Cuba, saying he is praying for life and is confident he will survive and triumph in his re-election bid.
    (AP, 3/16/12)

2013        Mar 16, In Marysville, Ca., a boy (14) and a man (68) were killed when a sprint car ran off a track and into pit row during warm-up laps on the opening day of the California Sprint Car Civil War Series.
    (SSFC, 3/17/13, p.A10)
2013        Mar 16, In Pennsylvania a tour bus carrying a women’s lacrosse team from Seton Hill Univ. crashed killing a pregnant coach and the driver.
    (SSFC, 3/17/13, p.A9)
2013        Mar 16, In Texas Air Force Staff Sgt. Eddy Soto was sentenced to a dishonorable discharge and 4 years in prison for raping a female trainee. Over 30 Lackland instructors have been investigated in the military sex scandal. Soto was the 9th trainer convicted and sentenced.
    (SFC, 3/18/13, p.A5)
2013        Mar 16, In Afghanistan several hundred demonstrators chanting "US special operations forces out!" marched to the parliament building in Kabul, protesting the continued presence of US commandos in troubled Wardak province. A helicopter crashed killing one member of the US-led coalition and injuring another in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 3/16/13)
2013        Mar 16, In China Lobsang Thokmey (28) became the 108th Tibetan to self-immolate in the last 4 years in protests against Chinese rule and religious restrictions. He set himself on fire in Kirti monastery, Sichuan province.
    (SFC, 3/18/13, p.A2)
2013        Mar 16, In CongoDRC a faction of the M23 rebel group under Gen. Sultani Makenga said it has regained control of all of the group's territory in eastern Congo, as Jean-Marie Runiga, the leader of its rival faction, was arrested in Rwanda.
    (AP, 3/16/13)
2013        Mar 16, In Cyprus anxious depositors drained cash from ATMs after European officials ruled that part of a new 10-billion-euro bailout must be paid for directly from the bank accounts of ordinary savers. An emergency deal in Brussels set a one-time levy of 9.9% on Cypriot bank deposits of more than 100,000 euros. Deposits under that would be taxed at 6.75%.
    (SSFC, 3/17/13, p.A3)
2013        Mar 16, An Egyptian court cleared two former ministers of charges that they sold state lands for cut-rate prices in the country's prized Red Sea resort areas. Zuhair Garana was sentenced to up to eight years in prison and Ahmed Maghrabi received a five-year sentence for guilty verdicts in previous corruption trials.
    (AP, 3/16/13)
2013        Mar 16, Egyptian police fired tear gas to disperse thousands of supporters and opponents of President Morsi during clashes that erupted as he launched development projects in Sohag province, where residents have long complained of being neglected by the central government.
    (AP, 3/16/13)
2013        Mar 16, In Jordan a bus carrying Palestinian pilgrims overturned and crashed into a trailer on a highway near the Israeli border, killing 15 people. 32 pilgrims were injured.
    (AP, 3/16/13)
2013        Mar 16, A Soyuz space capsule carrying an American and 2 Russians landed in Kazakhstan. The men had spent 144 days on the Int’l. Space Station. 3 astronauts remained on the ISS.
    (SSFC, 3/17/13, p.A4)
2013        Mar 16, Police in Kenya lobbed tear gas on crowds supporting the PM Raila Odinga as he filed a petition asking the Supreme Court to void the presidential election, a vote Odinga says was neither free nor fair.
    (AP, 3/16/13)
2013        Mar 16, Over a thousand Latvians commemorated Nazi-allied World War II soldiers while police used force to prevent violence from erupting between participants and ethnic Russians, who are a minority in the country.
    (AP, 3/16/13)
2013        Mar 16, Nigeria's aviation ministry asked Dana Air to suspend all flights. A Dana Air crash on June 3 left more than 160 people dead, leading the carrier to lose its license. It resumed its operations two months ago. The suspension came days after another major airline halted its operations over a strike. The general suspension on Dana was lifted March 18, but one plane remained grounded.
    (AP, 3/17/13)(AP, 3/19/13)
2013        Mar 16, Pakistan's government passed a major milestone, with the parliament becoming the first democratically chosen body to finish its five-year term.
    (AP, 3/16/13)
2013        Mar 16, In Pakistan a bus carrying soldiers slid off a mountainous road and fell into a deep ravine in the country's northwest, killing 24 and injuring five others.
    (AP, 3/16/13)
2013        Mar 16, In Somalia al-Shabab fighters stoned to death a man for allegedly forcing a 13-year-old boy to have sex with him.
    (AP, 3/21/13)
2013        Mar 16, Syrian Maj. Gen. Mohammed Ezz al-Din Khalouf announced his defection from Assad's regime in a video aired on the Al-Arabiya satellite channel. Human Rights Watch said Assad’s regime is expanding its use of widely banned cluster bombs, as the deadlocked conflict entered its third year. Rebels detonated a powerful car bomb outside a high-rise building in Deir el-Zour, setting off clashes with regime troops.
    (AP, 3/16/13)
2013        Mar 16, Zimbabwe citizens cast their votes in a one-day referendum on a new constitution that all main political parties have backed, urging supporters to accept the draft document that will curb presidential powers.
    (AP, 3/16/13)

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