Today in History - March 18

Return to home

37        Mar 18, The Roman Senate annulled Tiberius’ will and proclaims Caligula emperor.
     (HN, 3/18/99)

235        Mar 18, Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander (b.208), Syrian emperor of Rome (222-235), was murdered.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Severus)

978        Mar 18, Edward the Martyr (15), King of Anglo-Saxons (975-78), was murdered.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1190        Mar 18, Crusaders killed 57 Jews in Bury St. Edmonds, England.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1229        Mar 18, German emperor Frederick II crowned himself king of Jerusalem.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1314        Mar 18, In France Jacques de Molay (b.1244), Grand Master of the Templars, was burned at the stake along with his aides. Surviving monks fled, with some absorbed by other orders.
    (AP, 10/12/07)(www.templarhistory.com/demolay.html)

1455        Mar 18, Fra Angelico, Italian monk and Renaissance painter born around 1387 as Guido di Pietro, died. Fra Angelico gained a reputation as a painter under that name before joining the Dominicans in the 1420s. However, much of the influence found in his work is thought to come from Dominican teachings. He stayed at Dominican monasteries in Florence for most of his life doing a variety of religious painting until being called to Rome in 1445 by Pope Eugene IV, where he completed several chapel frescoes. Returning to Florence in the early 1450s, he died on a return visit to Rome in 1455 and is entombed at the church of Santa Maria della Minerva. In 1984 Fra Angelico was beatified by Pope John Paul II.
    (HNQ, 3/6/01)(http://gallery.euroweb.hu/bio/a/angelico/biograph.html)(WSJ, 11/9/05, p.D16)

1532        Mar 18, English parliament banned payments by English church to Rome.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1584        Mar 18, Ivan IV (53), the terrible, Russian tsar (1547-84), died. He was succeeded by his weak-minded son, Fyodor I. Boris Godunov, Fyodor’s brother-in-law, assumed general control. During his rule Ivan replaced the sale of beer and mead with vodka at state-run taverns.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.23)(MC, 3/18/02)(SFC, 9/5/03, p.A8)
   
1692        Mar 18, William Penn was deprived of his governing powers.
    (HN, 3/18/98)

1745        Mar 18, Robert Walpole (68), 1st British premier (1721-42), died. His children found that he had run up debts of over £50,000. In 2007 Edward Pearce authored “The Great Man – Sir Robert Walpole: Scoundrel, Genius and Britain’s First Prime Minister.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Walpole)(Econ, 2/10/07, p.89)(Econ, 5/18/13, p.89)

1765        Mar 18, David H. Chass, Dutch baron, general (fought Napoleon at Waterloo), was born.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1766        Mar 18, Britain repealed the Stamp Act of 1765.
    (AP, 3/18/97)(PCh, 1992, p.311)

1782        Mar 18, John C. Calhoun (d.1850), U.S. statesman, was born.  He served as US vice-president from 1825-1832 under Adams and Jackson.
    (HN, 3/18/99)(WUD, 1994, p.210)

1793        Mar 18, The 2nd Battle at Neerwinden: Austria army beat France.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1835        Mar 18, Charles Darwin departed Santiago, Chile, on his way to Portillo Pass.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1837        Mar 18, Stephen Grover Cleveland was born in Caldwell, N.J. He was the 22nd (1885-1889) and 24th (1893-1897) president of the United States, the only President elected for two nonconsecutive terms.
    (AP, 3/18/97)(HN, 3/18/02)

1838        Mar 18, Randal Cremer, British trade unionist, pacifist (Nobel 1903), was born.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1842        Mar 18, Stephane Mallarme (d.1898), French essayist and symbolist poet, was born. "Every soul is a melody which needs renewing."
    (AP, 7/17/98)(HN, 3/18/01)

1850        Mar 18, Henry Wells & William Fargo formed American Express in Buffalo. [see Mar 18, 1852]
    (HN, 3/18/98)(MC, 3/18/02)

1852        Mar 18, Henry C. Wells founded Wells, Fargo & Co. with William C. Fargo in San Francisco as a Western equivalent to their east coast American Express. It evolved into Wells Fargo Bank, headquartered in San Francisco and now one of the largest financial institutions in the U.S. In 2002 Philip L. Fradkin authored "Stagecoach: Wells Fargo and the American West" for the company’s 150th anniversary. [see Mar 18, 1850]
    (SFEC, 1/4/98, Z1p.4)(SFC, 6/9/98, p.A10)(HNQ, 11/20/98)(SFC, 2/6/02, p.D1)(SFC, 3/19/02, p.B1,4)

1858        Mar 18, Rudolf Diesel, German mechanical engineer, was born in Paris. He designed the compression-ignition engine (1893).
    (HN, 3/18/99)(AP, 3/18/08)

1863        Mar 18, Confederate women rioted in Salisbury, N.C. to protest the lack of flour and salt in the South.
    (HN, 3/18/00)

1864        Mar 18, The Dale Dike on Humber River, England, crumbled drowning some 240.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1865        Mar 18, The Congress of the Confederate States of America adjourned for the last time.
    (HN, 3/18/98)
1865        Mar 18, Battle of Wilson's raid to Selma, AL.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1869        Mar 18, Neville Chamberlin, British Prime Minister (1937-40), was born. He tried to make peace "in our time" with German Chancellor Adolf Hitler, but instead made it easier for Hitler to take over continental Europe.
    (HN, 3/18/99)

1870        Mar 18, The 1st US National Wildlife Preserve was Lake Merritt in Oakland, Calif. Lake Merritt, actually a tidal lagoon, was named after Samuel Merritt, a physician and one of the 1st mayors of Oakland.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W31)(SFC, 1/5/01, WBb p.8)(SFCM, 8/17/03, p.3)

1874        Mar 18, Hawaii signed a treaty giving exclusive trading rights with the islands to the United States.
    (HN, 3/18/99)

1877        Mar 18, Edgar Cayce (d.1945), self-proclaimed psychic, was born in Hopkinsville, Ky. In 2000 Sidney D. Kirkpatrick authored “Edgar Cayce, An American Prophet."
    (SFEC, 7/26/98, BR p.3)(SSFC, 1/14/01, BR p.12)(SFC, 8/7/08, p.E1)

1881        Mar 18, Barnum and Bailey’s Greatest Show on Earth opened in Madison Square Gardens. [see Mar 16]
    (HN, 3/18/98)

1890        Mar 18, The 1st US state naval militia was organized in Massachusetts.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1893        Mar 18, Wilfred Owen (d.1918), World War I English poet, was born. He was killed one week before Armistice Day of WW I. His fellow poet Siegfried Sassoon published Owen’s single slim volume of poetry.
    (NH, 10/98, p.18)(HN, 3/18/01)

1895        Mar 18, Some 200 blacks left Savannah, Ga., for Liberia.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1897        Mar 18, Fr. Anthony Maraschi (b.1820), founder of the University of San Francisco and Saint Ignatius College Preparatory as well as the first pastor of Saint Ignatius Church in San Francisco, California, died.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthony_Maraschi)

1899        Mar 18, Lavrenti Beria (d.1953), chief of Soviet secret police under Stalin, was born.
    (MC, 3/18/02)
1899        Mar 18, Phoebe, a moon of Saturn, was discovered by Pickering.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1906        Mar 18, Roy L. Johnson, US admiral (WW II-Pacific Ocean), was born.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1909        Mar 18, Einar Dessau of Denmark used a short-wave transmitter to converse with a government radio post about six miles away in what is believed to have been the first broadcast by a "ham" operator.
    (AP, 3/18/97)

1911        Mar 18, Theodore Roosevelt opened the Roosevelt Dam in Phoenix, Ariz., the largest dam in the U.S. to date.
    (HN, 3/18/98)
1911        Mar 18, A vote was held for the incorporation of Daly City, Ca. The voting place was the upstairs backroom of Jack Letlos’ Restaurant on Mission Rd. The vote was for 132, against 130. Also passed in the vote was the new official name of Daly City in honor of John Daly.
    (GTP, 1973, p.84)(LaPen, 12/86, p.4)

1913        Mar 18, Greek King George I was killed by an assassin. Constantine I was to succeed.
    (HN, 3/18/98)

1916        Mar 18, On the Eastern Front, the Russians countered the Verdun assault with an attack at Lake Naroch. The Russians lost 100,000 men and the Germans lost 20,000.
    (HN, 3/18/98)

1917        Mar 18, The Germans sank the U.S. ships, City of Memphis, Vigilante and the Illinois, without any type of warning.
    (HN, 3/18/98)

1921        Mar 18, Steamer "Hong Koh" ran aground off Swatow China killing 1,000.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1922        Mar 18, Mohandas K. Gandhi was sentenced in India to six years' imprisonment for civil disobedience. He was released after serving two years. [see Mar 22]
    (AP, 3/18/97)(HN, 3/18/98)

1925        Mar 18, The great Tri-State Tornado killed 695 people in Illinois, Indiana and Missouri and injured some 13,000 people, and causing $17 million in property damage. Several other destructive tornadoes in Tennessee, Kentucky, and Indiana, as well as tornadoes in Alabama and Kansas brought the total to at least 747 dead.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tri-State_Tornado)(SSFC, 5/11/03, Par p.A11)(AP, 5/24/11)

1931            Mar 18, Jackie Mitchell became the 2nd female in professional baseball as she signed with the Chattanooga Lookouts, a Tennessee Class AA minor league team. In 1898, Lizzie Arlington played one game, pitching for Reading (PA) against Allentown.
    (www.exploratorium.edu/baseball/mitchell.html)
1931        Mar 18, Schick Inc. marketed the first electric razor.
    (AP, 3/18/97)

1932        Mar 18, John Updike, American poet, novelist, was born. He wrote "Witches of Eastwick."
    (HN, 3/18/99)

1933        Mar 18, Unita Blackwell, 1st black mayor in Mississippi, was born.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1936        Mar 18, Frederik Willem de Klerk, president of the Republic of South Africa, was born in Johannesburg. He initiated the abolition of apartheid.
    (Hem. 1/95, p. 19)(HN, 3/18/99)

1937        Mar 18, Some 300 people, mostly children, were killed in a gas explosion at a school in New London, Texas.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
1937        Mar 18, In Missouri Jim the Wonder Dog died at age 12 at the Lake of the Ozarks. The dog had uncanny abilities that were verified but never explained.
    (SFC, 3/29/99, p.A3)

1938        Mar 18, NY 1st required serological blood tests of pregnant women.
    (MC, 3/18/02)
1938        Mar 18, Mexican President Lazaro Cardenas nationalized his country's petroleum reserves and took control of foreign-owned oil facilities.
    (WSJ, 3/20/96, p.A-1)(WSJ, 6/14/96, p.A15)(AP, 3/18/08)

1939        Mar 18, The U.S. raised the duties on German imports by 25 percent.
    (HN, 3/18/98)
1939        Mar 18, Georgia finally ratified the Bill of Rights, 150 years after the birth of the federal government. Connecticut and Massachusetts, the only other states to hold out, also accepted the Bill of Rights in this year.
    (HN, 3/18/98)

1940        Mar 18, Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini held a meeting at the Brenner Pass across the Alps during which the Italian dictator agreed to join in Germany's war against France and Britain.
    (AP, 3/18/97)

1942        Mar 18, The third military draft began in the U.S. because of World War II.
    (HN, 3/18/98)
1942        Mar 18, Black players, Jackie Robinson and Nate Moreland, requested a tryout with the Chicago White Sox. They were allowed to work out.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1943        Mar 18, American forces took Gafsa in Tunisia. In the crucible of Operation Torch, the men of Sub-Task Force Goalpost received their baptism of fire capturing the Moroccan town of Port Lyautey.
    (HN, 3/18/98)
1943        Mar 18, The ships James Oglethorpe (US) and Terkolei (Neth.), were torpedoed and sank.
    (MC, 3/18/02)
1943        Mar 18, The Reich called off its offensive in Caucasus.
    (HN, 3/18/98)
1943        Mar 18, Red Army evacuated Belgorod.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1944        Mar 18, Nazi Germany occupied Hungary.
    (MC, 3/18/02)
1944        Mar 18, The Russians reached the Rumanian border in the Balkans.
    (HN, 3/18/98)

1945        Mar 18, 1,250 US bombers attacked Berlin.
    (MC, 3/18/02)
1945        Mar 18, US Task Force 58 attacked targets on Kyushu.
    (MC, 3/18/02)
1945        Mar 18, Suicide bombs were introduced.
    (HFA, '96, p.26)

1948        Mar 18, France, Great Britain and Benelux signed the Treaty of Brussels.
    (MC, 3/18/02)
1948        Mar 18, Philips began experimental TV broadcasting.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1950        Mar 18, Nationalist troops landed on the mainland of China and captured Communist held Sungmen.
    (HN, 3/18/98)

1952        Mar 18, The 1st plastic lens for cataract patients was fitted in Phila.
    (MC, 3/18/02)
1952        Mar 18, There was a Communist offensive in Korea.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1953        Mar 18, Margaret L. Augustine, project manager for Biosphere 2, was born in Buffalo, NY.
    (MC, 3/18/02)
1953        Mar 18, The Braves baseball team announced that they were moving from Boston to Milwaukee.
    (HN, 3/18/98)

1954        Mar 18, Howard Hughes paid $23.5 million for the RKO motion picture company.
    (SFC, 4/18/98, p.C3)

1959        Mar 18, President Eisenhower signed the Hawaii statehood bill. Hawaii became a state on Aug. 21, 1959.
    (AP, 3/18/07)
1959        Mar 18, The publisher of Big Table Magazine deposited at the Chicago Post Office several hundred copies of its first issue of Big Table Magazine. The contents consisted of a novel by Jack Kerouac, "Old Angel Midnight," two poems by Edward Dahlberg, "Ten Episodes from Naked Lunch" by William S. Burroughs and three poems by Gregory Corso. The Post Office General Counsel later alleged that the first and third articles were obscene and filthy. The magazine was published by Roland Pitschel (1942-2009) and his sister.
    (Fremontia, 7/09, p.24)(www.usps.com/judicial/1959deci/1-150d.htm)

1961        Mar 18, The "Poppin' Fresh" Pillsbury Dough Boy was introduced.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1962        Mar 18, France and Algerian rebels agreed to a truce, which took effect the next day.
    (HN, 3/18/98)(AP, 3/18/08)

1963        Mar 18, Vanessa L. Williams, 1st black Miss America (1983), singer, was born in Millwood, NY.
    (MC, 3/18/02)
1963        Mar 18, The US Supreme Court made its Gideon v Wainwright ruling which said poor defendants have a constitutional right to an attorney. Gideon had been forced to defend himself in Florida in Jan 1962, and petitioned the Supreme Court to hear his complaint.
    (SFC, 11/21/03, p.D4)(SSFC, 11/30/03, p.A31)(Econ, 4/4/09, p.39)

1964        Mar 18, Norbert Wiener (b.1894), American mathematician and considered to be the father of cybernetics, died in Stockholm, Sweden.
    (Econ, 6/16/12, p.91)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norbert_Wiener)

1965        Mar 18, The first spacewalk took place as Soviet cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov (30) left his Voskhod 2 capsule and remained outside the spacecraft for 20 minutes, secured by a tether.
    (SFC, 5/27/00, p.A26)(AP, 3/18/97)

1966        Mar 18, Hedda Hopper, American gossip columnist (1890-1966). died. "Having only friends would be dull anyway -- like eating eggs without salt."
    (AP, 3/18/97)

1968        Mar 18, Pres. Johnson signed Public Law 90-269 removing gold backing from US paper money.
    (www.peterdavidbeter.com/docs/txt/dbal33.txt)

1969        Mar 18, President Richard M. Nixon authorized Operation Menu, the 'secret' bombing of Cambodia [see Feb 23].
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Menu) 

1970        Mar 18, The US Postal Service was paralyzed by the first postal strike. A walkout of letter carriers in Brooklyn and Manhattan set off a strike that involved 210,000 of the nation’s 750,000 postal employees. Pres. Nixon declared a state of national emergency and assigned military units to NYC post offices.
    (HN, 3/18/98)(SFC, 10/4/02, p.A17)
1970        Mar 18, In Cambodia Prince Sihanouk was overthrown by Gen’l. Lon Nol. The next 8 years are covered in the 1988 book "Goodnight Cambodia, Forbidden History" by Vibol Ouk, who lived through the horrors of Pol Pot.
    (SFEC, 1/11/98, BR p.3)

1971        Mar 18, U.S. helicopters airlifted 1,000 South Vietnamese soldiers out of Laos.
    (HN, 3/18/98)

1975        Mar 18, Mulla Mustafa gave the order to the Kurdish army to abandon the struggle. This time round, Mulla Mustafa obtained refuge in the United States.
    (www.tamilnation.org/intframe/india/kurds.htm#a1)
1975        Mar 18, South Vietnam abandoned most of the Central Highlands of Vietnam to Hanoi.
    (HN, 3/18/02)

1977        Mar 18, In SF Paul Gaer transformed Al’s Transbay Tavern on Fourth St. into the Hotel Utah Saloon. The structure dated back to 1908 and in 2007 marked its 30th anniversary.
    (SFC, 3/15/07, 96H p.4)
1977        Mar 18, Marien Ngouabi, the military president of the Republic of the Congo (Congo-Brazzaville), was assassinated.
    (AP, 3/18/07)
1977        Mar 18, The Vietnamese "discovered" and returned to the US the remains of Bruce C. Ducat. For eleven years, Ducat, alive or dead, was a prisoner of war.
    (www.pownetwork.org/bios/b/b107.htm)

1978        Mar 18, In Pakistan the Punjab High Court condemned former pres. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto to death on charges of a political murder.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1979        Mar 18, Iranian authorities detained American feminist Kate Millett, a day before deporting her and a companion for what were termed "provocations."
    (AP, 3/18/99)

1980        Mar 18, John Favara struck a killed Frank Gotti (12), the son of mobster John Gotti, as the boy darted in front of his car on a minibike in Brooklyn. Favara disappeared on July 28. In 2009 it was reported that mobster Charles Carneglia (62) had killed Favara and dissolved his body in acid.
    (SFC, 1/9/09, p.A2)

1981        Mar 18, The TV series “Greatest American Hero" began with Robert Culp as an FBI agent. He played in 44 episodes until 1986.
    (SFC, 3/25/10, p.C3)(http://uk.imdb.com/title/tt0081871/)
1981        Mar 18, The U.S. disclosed that there were biological weapons tested in Texas in 1966.
    (HN, 3/18/98)

1983        Mar 18, Mexico's financial crisis was causing a surge of illegal aliens over the border into Texas.
    (HN, 3/18/98)

1985        Mar 18, Baseball commissioner Peter Ueberroth reinstated Willie Mays and Mickey Mantle.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y34t69)
1985        Mar 18, The 1st remote location for ABC’s "Nightline" news was in South Africa.
    (http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/1985-3/1985-03-18-ABC-19.html)

1986        Mar 18, Buckingham Palace announced the engagement of Prince Andrew to Sarah Ferguson.
    (HN, 3/18/98)
1986        Mar 18, Bernard Malamud (b.1914), writer, died. His work included "Talking Horse: Bernard Malamud on Life and Work," edited by Alan Cheuse and Nicholas Delbanco (1997). In 2006 his daughter authored “My Father Is a Book: A Memoir of Bernard Malamud." In 2007 Philip Davis authored “Bernard Malamud: A Writer’s Life."
    (www.nagasaki-gaigo.ac.jp/ishikawa/amlit/m/malamud21.htm)(SSFC, 3/19/06, p.M3)(WSJ, 1/15/08, p.D5)

1987        Mar 18, Susan Butcher won her second consecutive Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race, covering the distance from Anchorage to Nome, Alaska, in 11 days, 2 hours, 5 minutes and 13 seconds.
    (AP, 3/18/97)

1988        Mar 18, In Alabama Elizabeth Dorleen Sennett (45), the wife of a preacher, died after she was brutally beaten and stabbed in a contract killing. A week after becoming a suspect in the case, the victim's husband, Charles Sennett, shot and killed himself in his son's backyard. Sennett had contracted Bill Gray Williams to kill his wife for $3,000. According to court documents, Williams paid Kenneth Eugene Smith and John Forrest Parker $1,000 each to commit the murder. Parker was convicted in 1989 and executed for the murder in 2010.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2696ump)(SFC, 6/11/10, p.A6)
1988        Mar 18, The government of Panama, controlled by Gen. Manuel Antonio Noriega, declared a "state of urgency" in a move apparently aimed at forcing the reopening of banks and other businesses that closed during Panama's economic and political crisis.
    (AP, 3/18/98)

1989        Mar 18, The space shuttle Discovery landed at Edwards Air Force Base in California, completing a five-day mission.
    (AP, 3/18/99)

1990        Mar 18, There was a theft of art work from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston. 2 men dressed as policemen made off with masterworks that included Rembrandt’s "The Storm on the Sea of Galilee," Vermeer’s "The Concert," Manet’s "Chez Tortoni," and 5 paintings and drawings by Edgar Degas and a 1200 BC Chinese bronze beaker valued at $300 million. The theft led Sen. Edward Kennedy to sponsor the museum theft provision of the 1994 Omnibus Crime Act. In 2009 Ulrich Boser authored “The Gardner Heist." In 2013 the FBI said it knows who stole the artwork but withheld the identity of the thieves.
    (WSJ, 8/9/96, p.A8)(WSJ, 5/13/97, p.A21)(SFC, 8/26/97, p.A3)(SFC,12/15/97, p.A3)(WSJ, 2/20/09, p.W10)(SFC, 2/19/13, p.A6)
1990        Mar 18, An alliance of conservative parties won a surprising victory over the Communists in East Germany's first free elections.
    (AP, 3/18/00)

1992        Mar 18, US National Football League owners voted to drop the use of instant videotape replays to settle disputed calls during games. Instant replay was brought back in 1999.
    (AP, 3/18/02)
1992        Mar 18, Leona Helmsley was sentenced to 4 years for tax evasion.
    (http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F10611F63B580C718EDDAA0894DA494D81)
1992        Mar 18, South African President F.W. de Klerk claimed victory for his reforms a day after a whites-only referendum on whether to end apartheid.
    (AP, 3/18/97)

1993        Mar 18, On Capitol Hill, the House approved President Clinton's deficit-reduction blueprint on a virtual party-line 243-183 vote.
    (AP, 3/18/98)
1993        Mar 18, In Pennsylvania Amish man Edward Gingerich outraged his normally peaceful religious community of Rockdale Township, where he crushed his wife's skull and used a kitchen knife to remove her stomach organs from her dead body. Gingerich was diagnosed with schizophrenia and convicted of manslaughter in 1994. After serving his maximum sentence of four years in prison for the killing, moved to a mental institution in Michigan before going to Indiana and eventually returning to Pennsylvania and the Brown Hill Amish community in 2007. In 2011 Gingerich (44) committed suicide in a barn in Cambridge Springs, Pa.
    (www.bellaonline.com/articles/art68724.asp)(Reuters, 1/16/11)

1994        Mar 18, The space shuttle Columbia returned from a two-week mission.
    (AP, 3/18/99)
1994        Mar 18, Published reports said first lady Hillary Rodham Clinton had made nearly $100,000 from the commodities market in the late 1970's on an initial investment of only $1,000.
    (AP, 3/18/99)
1994        Mar 18, Zsa Zsa Gabor, Hungarian-born actress, filed for bankruptcy.
    (www.nndb.com/people/530/000025455/)
1994        Mar 18, Muslim and Croat leaders signed agreements to create a Bosnian federation.
    (AP, 3/18/04)
1994          Mar 18, Lithuania and Poland signed an agreement in Warsaw on friendship and neighborly cooperation.
    (LHC, 3/18/03)
1994        Mar 18, The South Africa Goldstone Commission published a report which finally confirmed that senior South African Police (SAP) officials had been involved in supplying Inkatha with weapons and financial support.
    (www.hrw.org/reports/1995/WR95/AFRICA-09.htm)
1994        Mar 18, The U.N. Security Council unanimously condemned the Hebron mosque massacre.
    (AP, 3/18/04)

1995        Mar 18, The United States Catholic Conference's administrative board criticized a Republican welfare reform plan, saying it would hurt poor children and could push women to have abortions.
    (AP, 3/18/00)
1995        Mar 18, Michael Jordan announced that he was ending his 17 month NBA retirement.
    (www.cnn.com/EVENTS/year_in_review/sports/mar.html)
1995        Mar 18, Spain's Princess Elena married a banker, Jaime de Marichalar y Saenz de Tejada, in Seville; it was Spain's first royal wedding in 89 years.
    (AP, 3/18/00)

1996        Mar 18, Rejecting an insanity defense, a jury in Dedham, Mass., convicted John C. Salvi III of murdering two women in a pair of attacks at two Boston-area abortion clinics in December 1994. Salvi later committed suicide in his cell.
    (AP, 3/18/01)
1996        Mar 18, Jacquetta Hawkes (85), British archaeologist, died.
    (www.britarch.ac.uk/ba/ba14/ba14obit.html)
1996        Mar 18, Some 2,000 Chinese made assault guns were illegally shipped through the port of Oakland in the US.
    (SFC, 5/23/96, p.A17)
1996        Mar 18, Odysseus Elytis, Greek poet and Nobel Prize winner (1979), died in Athens at age 84.
    (WSJ, 3/19/96, p.A-1)(http://dpsinfo.com/dps/mnames.html)

1997        Mar 18, Labor Secretary-designate Alexis Herman got a generally favorable reception from Democrats and Republicans alike at her Senate confirmation hearing.
    (AP, 3/18/98)
1997        Mar 18, Bulldozers began clearing away rocks and earth for a Jewish housing project in disputed east Jerusalem, triggering Palestinian protests.
    (WSJ, 3/19/97, p.A1)(AP, 3/18/98)

1998        Mar 18, Julie Hiatt Steele, a former friend of Kathleen Willey's, released a sworn affidavit undercutting Willey's claim that President Clinton had made an unwanted sexual advance toward her in 1993. According to Steele, Willey instructed her to tell Newsweek that Willey had confided the alleged episode to her immediately after it supposedly happened; Steele said she first heard about the accusation in 1997.
    (AP, 3/18/09)
1998        Mar 18, The NYC Board of Education voted to require its schoolchildren to wear uniforms. The dress code would begin in 1999.
    (SFC, 3/19/98, p.A5)
1998        Mar 18, A study of Finnish smokers reported in the Journal of the national Cancer Institute indicated that vitamin E reduced the risk of prostate cancer.
    (WSJ, 3/18/98, p.A1)
1998        Mar 18, In India the Bharatiya Janata Party agenda was outlined. It included plans to protect domestic industry from foreign competition and to develop nuclear weapons for protection against China and Pakistan.
    (SFC, 3/19/98, p.A11)

1999        Mar 18, A US federal judge ordered US telephone companies to pay $6.2 million owed to Cuba to the families of 3 Cuban Americans killed in 1996.
    (SFC, 3/19/99, p.A12)
1999        Mar 18, In Afghanistan fighting continued for a 2nd day and 12 people were reported killed by Taliban bombing in Parwan province.
    (SFC, 3/19/99, p.A14)
1999        Mar 18, In China the Grand Hyatt Shanghai opened on the top 35 stories of the new $540 million Jin Mao Tower, the 3rd tallest in the world.
    (WSJ, 3/17/99, p.B1)
1999        Mar 18, In Ecuador Pres. Mahuad revoked the decree doubling gas prices under protests from taxi drivers.
    (SFC, 3/19/99, p.A14)
1999        Mar 18, In Paris the ethnic Albanians signed the peace proposal, which the Serbian delegation rejected. The Kosovar Albanian delegation signed a U.S.-sponsored peace accord following talks in Paris; the Clinton administration warned NATO would act against Serb targets if Yugoslav leader Slobodan Milosevic didn't accept the agreement.
    (SFC, 3/19/99, p.A12)(AP, 3/18/00)
1999        Mar 18, In India 35 upper-caste villagers of Senari in Bihar state were killed by members of the Maoist Communist Center.
    (SFC, 3/19/99, p.A14)
1999        Mar 18, In Indonesia at least 59 people were killed on Borneo as ethnic groups clashed for a 3rd day.
    (SFC, 3/19/99, p.A14)
1999        Mar 18, In Malaysia an outbreak of encephalitis caused an order for the extermination of 64,000 pigs and the evacuation of 11,000 people.
    (SFC, 3/19/99, p.A14)

2000        Mar 18, In Kenya it was reported that some 10,000 cattle, 25,000 camels and 20,000 goats had starved to death over the last 3 months. 2 million people faced famine and 20 died in the last 2 weeks in the Wajir district.
    (SFC, 3/18/00, p.C16)
2000        Mar 18, In Taiwan Chen Shui-bian was elected as president ending 51 years of Nationalist Party rule. He won with 39% of the vote over James Soong with 37%. Annette Lu (55) was elected as vice-president. Chen Shui-bian’s party favored Taiwan’s formal independence from the rest of China.
    (SFEC, 3/19/00, p.A1,23)(AP, 3/18/01)

2001        Mar 18, John Phillips, who co-founded the Mamas and the Papas and wrote its biggest hits, including "California Dreamin" and "Monday," died in Los Angeles at age 65.
    (SFC, 3/19/01, p.A19)(AP, 3/18/02)
2001        Mar 18, It was reported that the Bush administration planned to sidestep the American Bar Association in the screening of federal judges, an "indication that they want to pick judges of the hard right."
    (SSFC, 3/18/01, p.A5)
2001        Mar 18, It was reported that the US National Reconnaissance Office was planning a $25 billion project for some 12 satellites to be deployed by 2005.
    (SSFC, 3/18/01, p.A3)
2001        Mar 18, An Amtrak train bound for the Bay Area derailed in Iowa and 1 person was killed with 96 injured.
    (SFC, 3/19/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 18, In Algeria weekend attacks by suspected Islamic militants left 5 people dead and 23 injured.
    (SFC, 3/20/01, p.A11)
2001        Mar 18, Chechen rebels killed at least 21 Russian troops.
    (WSJ, 3/19/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 18, In France mayoral elections were held in Paris. Bertrand Delanoe, candidate of the Socialist, Communists and 2-other left-wing parties, won over Philippe Seguin. Socialists also won in Lyon. This ended a century of nearly unbroken rule by the right.
    (SFC, 3/8/01, p.A12)(SFC, 3/19/01, p.A8)(AP, 3/18/02)
2001        Mar 18, In Iran the judiciary banned the nation’s only real opposition group and closed down 4 pro-reform newspapers.
    (SFC, 3/19/01, p.A9)
2001        Mar 18, In Macedonia the government ordered a general mobilization to counter the guerrilla assault.
    (SFC, 3/19/01, p.A8)

2002        Mar 18, The FBI "Operation Candyman" snared over 90 people following a 14-month investigation of child pornography over the Internet.
    (SFC, 3/19/02, p.A3)
2002        Mar 18, A US federal grand jury unsealed a Mar 7 indictment against 7 men that included 3 Colombian guerrillas for smuggling planeloads of cocaine. These included Tomas Molina Caracas, commander of the FARC 16th Front.
    (SFC, 3/19/02, p.A6)
2002        Mar 18, Flooding hit Kentucky, Tennessee and Virginia following a 2nd day of heavy rains.
    (SFC, 3/19/02, p.A3)
2002        Mar 18, In Ohio Brittanie Cecil (13) died 2 days after being hit by a hockey puck while watching an NHL game between the Columbus Blue Jackets and Calgary Flames. It was apparently the first such fan fatality in NHL history.
    (SFC, 3/20/02, p.A2)(AP, 3/18/07)
2002        Mar 18, Angola’s army and Unita rebels began cease-fire talks.
    (WSJ, 3/18/02, p.A1)
2002        Mar 18, Britain planned to send 1,700 troops to Afghanistan to join the 6,300 US forces.
    (WSJ, 3/19/02, p.A1)
2002        Mar 18, Britain’s House of Commons again voted to ban fox hunting along with the hunting of stags and hares with packs of hounds.
    (SFC, 3/19/02, p.A7)
2002        Mar 18, Van Leo (80), Armenian-born Egyptian photographer (Leon Boyadjian), died. His portraits gave Egypt’s beggars, strippers and the elite the look of Hollywood film stars.
    (SFC, 3/22/02, p.A27)(http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2002/579/cu6.htm)
2002        Mar 18, In India police shot and killed 4 people while trying to disperse mobs and stop looting in 2 towns, Bharuch and Modasa, in Gujarat state.
    (SFC, 3/20/02, p.A10)
2002        Mar 18, Israel withdrew some forces from Palestinian-ruled territory as VP Cheney arrived to help with peace talks.
    (SFC, 3/19/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/19/02, p.A1)
2002        Mar 18, A UN conference on aid opened in Mexico.
    (WSJ, 3/18/02, p.A1)
2002        Mar 18, In Spain police discovered at least 19 corpses at the home and car of an ex-funeral parlor employee in Malaga.
    (SFC, 3/20/02, p.A10)
2002        Mar 18, In Zimbabwe Terry Ford became the 10th white farmer killed by militants in the last 2 years.
    (SFC, 3/19/02, p.A8)

2003        Mar 18, The US mounted "Operation Liberty Shield" to detain asylum seekers from suspect countries.
    (WSJ, 3/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 18, A jury in Corpus Christi, Texas, cleared Bayer Corp. of liability in a $560 million lawsuit that accused the pharmaceutical giant of ignoring research linking the cholesterol-lowering drug Baycol to dozens of deaths.
    (AP, 3/18/04)
2003        Mar 18, In Salt Lake City, Brian Mitchell and Wanda Barzee were charged with aggravated kidnapping, sexual assault and burglary in the abduction of Elizabeth Ann Smart, who was found with them six days earlier.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2003        Mar 18, Olympic gold medal figure skater Sarah Hughes won the Sullivan Award as the nation's top amateur athlete.
    (AP, 3/18/04)
2003        Mar 18, A major snowstorm hit Colorado and Wyoming with over 3-6 feet of snow. The Denver Airport closed under the worst storm in 90 years.
    (SFC, 3/19/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 3/20/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 3/23/03, p.A3)
2003        Mar 18, In Australia PM John Howard said his government would commit 2,000 military personnel to any U.S.-led strike aimed at disarming Iraq.
    (AP, 3/19/03)
2003        Mar 18, In Colombia gunmen killed Luis Eduardo Alfonso Parada (27), print and radio journalist, outside his office in the eastern state of Arauca. Alfonso had reported on alleged corruption in Arauca and said he was receiving death threats. On Dec 30, 2009, prosecutors ordered the preventative detention of Jose Ruben Pena Tobon, a paramilitary commander of the right-wing paramilitary bloc that killed Alfonso.   
    (AP, 3/19/03)(AP, 12/30/09)
2003        Mar 18, Congo leaders signed a cease-fire with tribal militias and local chiefs in northeastern Congo.
    (AP, 3/18/03)
2003        Mar 18, Some $900 million in US bills and as much as 100 million in euros was taken from Iraq's Central Bank by Saddam Hussein and his family. The New York Times reported on May 5 that Saddam ordered the money taken from the Central Bank and sent his son Qusai in the middle of the night. This became the largest cash theft in recent history.
    (AP, 5/6/03)(AP, 2/28/06)
2003        Mar 18, Israeli forces killed 2 Hamas militants in West Bank clashes. One Israeli solder was killed.
    (SFC, 3/19/03, p.A6)(WSJ, 3/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 18, The Palestinian parliament established the post of prime minister. It gave Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen), the new PM, control of domestic affairs and internal security issues.
    (SFC, 3/19/03, p.A3)
2003        Mar 18, In Serbia the parliament elected Zoran Zivkovic to replace assassinated PM Zoran Djindjic. Zivkovic promised to continue reforms, fight crime and bring war crimes suspects to justice.
    (SFC, 3/19/03, p.A7)
2003        Mar 18, In Yemen a man shot 4 Hunt Oil company workers. He killed 3 and shot himself dead.
    (SFC, 3/19/03, p.A5)
2003        Mar 18-19, In Zimbabwe a 2-day national strike, called to protest the increasingly authoritarian government, shut down businesses and disrupted transportation services across the country.
    (AP, 3/19/03)

2004        Mar 18, Addressing thousands of soldiers at Fort Campbell, Ky., President Bush warned that terrorists could never be appeased and said there was no safety for any nation that "lives at the mercy of gangsters and mass murderers."
    (AP, 3/18/05)
2004        Mar 18, Overruling its staff, the FCC declared that an expletive (the "F-word") uttered by rock star Bono on NBC the previous year was indecent and profane.
    (AP, 3/18/05)
2004        Mar 18, New Jersey officials arrested 11 people in a pharmaceutical theft ring and charged them with stealing some $3 million in drugs for resale.
    (WSJ, 3/19/04, p.A1)
2004        Mar 18, A 100-foot diameter asteroid passed within 26,500 miles of Earth, the closest-ever brush on record by a space rock.
    (AP, 3/18/04)
2004        Mar 18, A rebel group in Chad captured Amari Saifi, one of North Africa's most notorious terrorists, along with 9 others. Saifi is and an Algerian extremist suspected in the hostage-taking of 32 European tourists last year.
    (AP, 5/14/04)
2004        Mar 18, Georgia's President Mikhail Saakashvili met with Aslan Abashidze in Batumi, Ajaria, to settle misunderstandings.
    (Econ, 3/20/04, p.54)
2004        Mar 18, In northeast Guatemala a bus collided with a tractor-trailer, killing at least 14 people.
    (AP, 3/19/04)
2004        Mar 18, Jordan's King Abdullah and PM Ariel Sharon held a secret meeting at the Israeli leader's ranch to discuss Sharon's plan to withdraw unilaterally from Palestinian areas.
    (AP, 3/19/04)
2004        Mar 18, In Iraq a car bomb exploded at a hotel in the southern city of Basra as a British military patrol passed by, killing five Iraqi bystanders. US Army soldiers shot 2 al-Arabiya television network employees. [see Mar 19]
    (AP, 3/18/04)(SFC, 3/30/04, p.A3)
2004        Mar 18, Albanians set fire to Serb Orthodox churches in Kosovo as NATO scrambled to deploy up to 1,000 more troops to stifle an explosion of ethnic violence. The death toll reached 31 with hundreds injured in fighting between Serbs and ethnic Albanians as violence continued for a 2nd day.
    (SFC, 3/19/04, p.A13)(Econ, 3/20/04, p.52)
2004        Mar 18, In northwestern Uganda unidentified gunmen raided and looted a college and killed two American missionaries and a Ugandan student.
    (AP, 3/19/04)

2005        Mar 18, The US State Department said it had denied a diplomatic visa to the Hindu nationalist chief minister of Gujarat state, Narendra Modi, and revoked his existing tourist/business visa under the U.S. Immigration and Nationality Act due to his role in religious riots in 2002.
    (AP, 3/19/05)
2005        Mar 18, Standard & Poor’s said the public debt in America, Germany and France was about 65% of GDP.
    (Econ, 3/26/05, p.75)
2005        Mar 18, Former Connecticut 3-term Gov. John G. Rowland was sentenced to a year in prison after pleading guilty to a single federal corruption charge.
    (SFC, 3/19/05, p.A4)
2005        Mar 18, Doctors in Florida removed the feeding tube of Terri Schiavo (41) despite efforts by congressional Republicans to halt the process. The brain-damaged woman died on March 31, 2005, at age 41.
    (SFC, 3/19/05, p.A1)(AP, 3/18/06)
2005        Mar 18, The S&P 500 index was revised after the market close to change the weightings of many of its shares. The SmallCap 600 and MidCap 400 made the same changes.
    (SFC, 3/18/05, p.C3)
2005        Mar 18, Wal-Mart agreed to pay a record $11 million to settle a civil immigration case for using illegal immigrants to clean floors at stores in 21 states.
    (SFC, 3/19/05, p.C1)
2005        Mar 18, Sol Linowitz (91), US diplomat, died. In 1977 he negotiated the 1999 transfer of the Panama Canal to Panama.
    (WSJ, 3/21/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 18, A Cambodian-Japanese joint venture, JC Royal, was awarded a 30-year management lease to oversee and upgrade the Choeung Ek memorial, site of the killing fields (1975-1979). Profits were marked for the unregistered Sun Fund charity.
    (Econ, 5/14/05, p.45)(http://tinyurl.com/dlpm7)
2005        Mar 18, World donors approved $1 billion in aid projects for Haiti, promising to repair its roads and rebuild its battered power grid, in an effort to help the Western Hemisphere's poorest nation as it prepares for fall elections.
    (AP, 3/19/05)
2005        Mar 18, Israel welcomed a temporary truce declared by Palestinian militants and promised to hold its fire in return, but demanded that the Palestinian Authority eventually dismantle the armed groups.
    (AP, 3/18/05)
2005        Mar 18, King Abdullah II of Jordan proposed a new peace strategy that drops traditional Arab demands that Israel give up all land seized in the 1967 war and offers the Jewish state normalized relations with Arab countries.
    (AP, 3/19/05)
2005        Mar 18, In Kiev prosecutors said Ukrainian weapons dealers smuggled 18 nuclear-capable cruise missiles to Iran and China in 2001 during former President Leonid Kuchma's administration.
    (AP, 3/18/05)
2005        Mar 18, In Pakistan’s Baluchistan province bombs exploded in two trains killing two people and wounding nine.
    (AP, 3/18/05)
2005        Mar 18, Former Solomon Islands warlord Harold Keke and two other men were sentenced to life in prison for the 2002 murder of a Catholic priest.
    (AFP, 3/18/05)

2006        Mar 18, Anti-war protesters marched in Australia, Asia, Turkey and Europe in demonstrations that marked the third anniversary of the US-led invasion of Iraq with a demand that coalition troops pull out.
    (AP, 3/18/06)
2006        Mar 18, Bill Beutel (75), the longtime television news anchor and host of the show that became ABC's "Good Morning America" (1975-2001), died in Pinehurst, NC.
    (AP, 3/19/06)
2006        Mar 18, In Afghanistan at least nine policemen, a former governor, his four companions and a security guard were killed in separate attacks in Afghanistan blamed on the Taliban.
    (AFP, 3/18/06)
2006        Mar 18, In Algeria Farouk Ksentini, the head of the government human rights body said up to 200,000 Algerians have died in a 15-year Islamic insurgency.
    (AFP, 3/18/06)
2006        Mar 18, A mudslide swept down on a scouting expedition in central Colombia, killing nine young hikers and leaving two others missing. The scouts had just been bathing and practicing knots when they were carried away.
    (AP, 3/19/06)
2006        Mar 18, In Cuba the wives and mothers of about two dozen political prisoners marched along several of the city's main avenues, singing hymns and carrying signs reading "amnesty" to commemorate the third anniversary of the crackdown that put their husbands behind bars.
    (AP, 3/18/06)
2006        Mar 18, Egypt's health ministry said a 30-year-old Egyptian woman has died of bird flu, the country's first human victim of the virus.
    (Reuters, 3/18/06)
2006        Mar 18, As many as 1.5 million people took to the streets of French cities in a show of strength over a contested new labor law, the government's First Employment Contract (CPE), as police deployed in force in Paris to head off the risk of violence. An open-ended contract for under 26-year-olds that can be terminated within the first two years without explanation, the CPE is supposed to encourage employers to take on young staff by removing some of the financial risks involved. Police made 170 arrests.
    (AP, 3/18/06)(Econ, 3/25/06, p.53)
2006        Mar 18, Indonesian authorities said they have detained another 11 people in Papua province after three policemen and a soldier died in clashes with protesters demanding closure of a giant mine run by US-based Freeport-McMoran Cooper & Gold Inc. 57 people had already been detained after the March 16 violence in the provincial capital, Jayapura, on the northeastern shore of Papua. Shooting into the air, the security forces pulled people out of their cars, kicking and beating them.
    (AP, 3/18/06)
2006        Mar 18, Iraq’s Interior Ministry said 16 men were found dead with their hands tied and bullets in their heads.
    (SSFC, 3/19/06, p.A14)
2006        Mar 18, The US military released more than 350 detainees in Iraq. The releases were recommended by a review committee consisting of US officers and Iraqi officials from the ministries of human rights, justice and interior, which found no reason to hold them.
    (AP, 3/20/06)   
2006        Mar 18, A Maoist-dictated strike hobbled Nepal for a fifth day.
    (AFP, 3/18/06)
2006        Mar 18, Hamas said it has formed a government two weeks before a deadline but apparently without coalition partners that might have softened the Islamic militant group's image.
    (AP, 3/18/06)
2006        Mar 18, Slobodan Milosevic was laid to rest in a makeshift grave dug in the backyard of the family estate in Pozarevac, eastern Serbia. About 80,000 people attended the farewell ceremony in Belgrade, while some 20,000 mourned the former leader in Pozarevac.
    (AP, 3/19/06)
2006        Mar 18, Tens of thousands of slogan-chanting Taiwanese took to the streets to protest rival China's military threats against the island.
    (AFP, 3/18/06)
2006        Mar 18, Two US Navy warships exchanged gunfire with suspected pirates off the coast of Somalia, and one suspect was killed and five others were wounded.
    (AP, 3/18/06)

2007        Mar 18, An estimated 3,000 protesters marched in SF to mark the 4th anniversary of the US invasion of Iraq and demanding an end to the war there.
    (SFC, 3/19/07, p.A1)
2007        Mar 18, Scientists said that after four years of intensive collaboration, 18 top mathematicians and computer scientists from the United States and Europe have successfully mapped E8, one of the largest and most complicated structures in mathematics. E8 was discovered over a century ago, in 1887, and until now, no one thought the structure could ever be understood.
    (AFP, 3/19/07)
2007        Mar 18, Afghanistan's Taliban said it had handed an Italian journalist, whom it captured two weeks ago and threatened to kill, to tribal elders pending a final deal for his release.
    (AP, 3/18/07)
2007        Mar 18, Bangladeshi police filed extortion charges against Tarique Rahman, a former prime minister's son, who had been a powerful political leader in a country that ranks among the world's most corrupt.
    (AP, 3/18/07)
2007        Mar 18, In Bangladesh Cholesh Ritchil, an activist of the Garos people, was tortured to death while in army custody. Father Eugene Homrich (79), a native of Muskegon, Mich., made the news public. Homrich began working with the Garos in 1956 when they numbered about 25,000 in the Modhupur forest. By 2007 illegal logging had reduced the forest to a tenth of its size to 23,000 square miles.
    (WSJ, 6/13/07, p.A1)(www.abc.net.au/pm/content/2007/s1945435.htm)
2007        Mar 18, In northern China a coal mine explosion killed 19 with two miners still missing and presumed dead in a mine in the suburbs of Shanxi province's Jincheng City.
    (AP, 3/21/07)
2007        Mar 18, Officials said Cesare Battisti, a former Italian communist revolutionary who went into hiding in France two and a half years ago, was arrested in Brazil. In 1993 the former revolutionary was given a life sentence by an Italian court for his role in four murders committed in 1978 and 1979.
    (AFP, 3/18/07)
2007        Mar 18, Eurostar trains ran on a normal schedule following a trackside fire the fire, near the London terminus at Waterloo station, that brought chaos to the service over the previous two days.
    (AFP, 3/18/07)
2007        Mar 18, In Egypt over 100 mainly Islamist lawmakers walked out of parliament to protest government moves to push through constitutional laws that opponents fear will entrench the ruling party's grip on power.
    (AP, 3/18/07)
2007        Mar 18, Finns voted in a parliamentary election in a tight race between PM Matti Vanhanen's Center Party, its left-leaning coalition partner and the Conservative opposition. The ruling centrist party of PM Matti Vanhanen retained power. The Center Party won 23.1% of the vote while the Conservatives had 22.3% and the Social Democrats 21.4%, according to provisional results.
    (AP, 3/18/07)
2007        Mar 18, Iran's justice ministry said Shahram Jazayeri, a fugitive Iranian businessman, was arrested outside the country after escaping from authorities last month. Jazayeri had been sentenced in 2002 to 27 years in prison for embezzlement in a high-profile conviction.
    (AP, 3/18/07)
2007        Mar 18, In Iraq gunmen opened fire on a minibus carrying civilians, killing seven men and wounding four others in Hibhib, just east of Baqouba. A car bomb killed seven Iraqis in a predominantly Shiite district of Baghdad. A roadside bomb hit an Iraqi police convoy in eastern Baghdad, killing two policemen and wounding five. In Shorja market, Baghdad's most popular central shopping district, a man tossed a grenade into a group of workers. One worker was killed and another was wounded. Eleven bodies were found, six in Baqouba, in Diwaniyah and four in Mosul, many with signs of torture and all apparently victims of sectarian killings. US troops captured 12 suspected militants in raids across Iraq.
    (AP, 3/18/07)
2007        Mar 18, In Jamaica Bob Woolmer (58), Pakistan cricket coach, was found dead in his hotel room, hours after Pakistan was upset by Ireland and eliminated from advancing at the Cricket World Cup. A pathologist report found Woolmer's death was due to "asphyxia as a result of manual strangulation." An inquest into Woolmer's death ended with the Jamaican jury unable to reach a ruling.
    (AP, 3/21/07)(AP, 3/23/07)(AP, 3/18/08)
2007        Mar 18, In Japan 3 masked men stole 220-pound block of gold worth more than $2 million from the Ohashi Collection Kan museum in Takayama. 26 railways and 75 bus companies in the greater Tokyo area were scheduled to begin sharing a new stored value system called Pasmo.
    (AP, 3/19/07)(Econ, 2/17/07, p.72)
 2007        Mar 18, In Nigeria a senior veterinary official said the deadly H5N1 bird flu virus is spreading among poultry farms around Kano, northern Nigeria's largest city.
    (AFP, 3/18/07)
2007        Mar 18, In Pakistan the lawyer for a man convicted of killing Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl said he will file an appeal using an al-Qaida lieutenant's recent confession that he beheaded the reporter.
    (AP, 3/18/07)
2007        Mar 18, Panamanian police working with agents from the US Drug Enforcement Agency seized a boat off the nation's Pacific coast carrying 21.4 tons of cocaine in one of the biggest maritime cocaine busts anywhere on record.
    (AP, 3/19/07)
2007        Mar 18, In Somalia insurgents struck the Mogadishu's seaport and former intelligence quarters, killing two people and injuring at least 16 who were caught in fighting that drew in Ethiopian and government troops.
    (AP, 3/18/07)
2007        Mar 18, The UN said a first group of Congolese refugees, who escaped a 2004 massacre at a camp in Burundi, left for the US to start a program to resettle more than 500 people.
    (AFP, 3/18/07)
2007        Mar 18, In Zimbabwe Nelson Chamisa, a spokesman for the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), was prevented from leaving the country and suffered serious injuries after being beaten up at Harare International Airport.
    (AFP, 3/18/07)

2008        Mar 18, The US Federal Reserve approved a .75% cut in the federal funds rate to 2.25%. This was aimed at shoring up the US financial system shaken by huge losses in the housing market. The DJIA responded with a gain of 420.41 to close at 12,392.66.
    (SFC, 3/19/08, p.C1)
2008        Mar 18, Barack Obama addressed his problem with pastor Jeremiah Wright in a speech in Philadelphia and turned to a broad discussion of race, hitherto untouched in his campaign.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.31)
2008        Mar 18, The US FCC ended 261 rounds of bidding in the auction of airwaves and raised almost $20 billion.
    (WSJ, 3/19/08, p.B6)
2008        Mar 18, Protesters in Australia burned Chinese flags, demanding freedom for Tibet, following similar demonstrations in Europe and the US against Beijing's crackdown on anti-government riots in the Himalayan region.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, Five Belgian parties sealed a deal for a coalition government under Christian Democrat Yves Leterme, ending a political limbo which threatened to split the linguistically divided country.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, In Botswana De Beers and the government set up a Diamond Trading Company (DTC) as a joint venture.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.74)
2008        Mar 18, Anthony Minghella (54), Oscar winning British director, died. He turned such literary works as "The English Patient," "The Talented Mr. Ripley" and "Cold Mountain" into acclaimed movies.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, A British judge ruled against Exxon Mobil Corp., tossing out an order to freeze $12 billion in assets belonging to Venezuela's state oil company in a case that stemmed from the nationalization of a project last year.
    (AP, 3/19/08)
2008        Mar 18, The world's biggest passenger plane, Airbus's A380, touched down in London on its first commercial flight to Europe facing questions from green groups over its eco-friendly billing.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, The World Food Program (WFP) made a six million dollar appeal to feed some 90,000 Burundian refugees in Tanzania who expect to return to the central African country in 2008.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, Canada formally recognized the breakaway republic of Kosovo, a decision Serbia said was a major mistake that could encourage separatists in the province of Quebec.
    (Reuters, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, Egypt's President Hosni Mubarak, amid rising public discontent at sky-rocketing food prices, said in the official Al-Ahram daily that uncontrolled population explosion is draining the state's budget. A baby is born every 23 seconds in Egypt, which is the Arab world's most populous nation with a population of 78 million.
    (AFP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, Egyptian police fatally shot a Sudanese woman and arrested a second one who was with an infant as they tried to cross into Israel.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, In India 4 migrant workers were shot and killed in two separate shootings on the outskirts of Impala, the capital of Manipur state.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, In India the Dalai Lama vowed he would resign as leader of Tibet's exiles if violence back home worsened, just hours before his aides said 19 people were killed in new demonstrations.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, Iraq's main Sunni bloc boycotted a conference aimed at reconciling the nation's sectarian groups. A roadside bomb near a gas station in northern Baghdad killed three people, including two police officers. Vice President Dick Cheney, delving into internal Iraqi politics, pushed a Kurdish leader to play a helpful role in passing legislation to foster national reconciliation and forge a new agreement for US-Iraq relations in years to come.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, In Israel Angela Merkel, chancellor of Germany, addressed Israel’s parliament and condemned the rocket attacks from Gaza.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.59)
2008        Mar 18, Kenya's President Mwai Kibaki signed into law two bills passed by parliament that put in place a power-sharing deal which halted post-election unrest.
    (AFP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 22, The population of Kosovo was about 2 million, with about 90% ethnic Albanian.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.60)
2008        Mar 18, In Sri Lanka battles, roadside bombings and artillery attacks across the front lines of Sri Lanka's civil war killed 35 ethnic Tamil rebels and two soldiers. The combatants were killed in at least 17 different confrontations.
    (AP, 3/19/08)
2008        Mar 18, Darfur rebels said they had fought off a major assault from Sudanese government forces in the troubled region, inflicting casualties and pushing troops back to West Darfur's capital.
    (Reuters, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, In the UAR South Asian workers, striking over pay in the Emirate of Sharjah, torched offices and vehicles.
    (AP, 3/18/08)
2008        Mar 18, An appeals court in Ho Chi Minh City sentenced an Australian woman to death for heroin trafficking. Vietnam-born Jasmine Luong (34), of Sydney, was convicted during a one-day trial of trafficking 3 pounds of heroin.
    (AP, 3/19/08)
2008        Mar 18, In Yemen a mortar shell exploded by a high school next to the American embassy, killing one Yemeni guard and wounding 13 students and three other guards. Five suspects were later arrested in the attack, which the US said targeted its embassy. An Interior Ministry official later said al-Qaida militant Hamza al-Dayan launched three mortars at the embassy before fleeing the scene in a vehicle with three accomplices. In 2009 four Al-Qaida militants were convicted for the attack and sentenced to death.
    (AP, 3/18/08)(WSJ, 3/21/08, p.A1)(AP, 3/22/08)(AP, 7/11/10)

2009        Mar 18, US Pres. Barack Obama named retired Air Force general Scott Gration as his special envoy to Sudan to confront what Washington sees as a "horrendous" situation in Darfur.
    (AFP, 3/18/09)
2009        Mar 18, The White House endorsed a bill to triple the size of the AmeriCorps program and expand service opportunities for students and seniors.
    (AP, 3/18/09)
2009        Mar 18, The US central bank said it would pump more than $1 trillion into the economy with plans to buy up to $300 billion long-term government bonds and some $750 billion in mortgage-backed securities, which would help revive the country's sagging housing market.
    (AP, 3/19/09)
2009        Mar 18, The US government sued Union Pacific in San Diego and Houston saying the rail company had failed to prevent smuggling of illegal drugs by rail into the US from Mexico. The government cited at least 58 occasions of illegal drug transport, mostly marijuana, since 2001. At least one case involved cocaine.
    (WSJ, 3/19/09, p.A7)
2009        Mar 18, New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson, who has supported capital punishment, decided to sign legislation to repeal the state’s death penalty. The repeal takes effect on July 1, and applies only to crimes committed after that date.
    (AP, 3/19/09)
2009        Mar 18, Felipe E. Sixto (29) of Miami, a former White House aide, was sentenced to 2½ years in federal prison for stealing nearly $600,000 from a federally funded nonprofit group that promotes democracy in Cuba.
    (SFC, 3/19/09, p.A5)
2009        Mar 18, In Alaska lance Mackey won his 3rd consecutive Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race.
    (WSJ, 3/19/09, p.A6)
2009        Mar 18, IBM announced that it was in talks to acquire Sun Microsystems for at least $6.5 billion in cash. The deal soon faltered as the companies failed to agree on terms.
    (Econ, 3/21/09, p.69)(SFC, 4/6/09, p.A5)
2009        Mar 18, Natasha Richardson (45). British actress, died in NYC from a severe brain injury in a skiing accident in Canada earlier this week.
    (Reuters, 3/19/09)
2009        Mar 18, The Australian government said it plans to crack down on excessive executive pay packages. It will amend the Corporations Act to require shareholder approval for any termination payments that exceed average annual base salary, which excludes additional compensation such as shares or stock options.
    (WSJ, 3/19/09, p.C2)
2009        Mar 18, Azerbaijan citizens overwhelmingly voted to scrap presidential term limits in the oil-rich country courted by Russia and the West. Opposition leaders claimed the constitutional referendum was rigged and vowed to dispute the outcome in court. A small European observer mission said, however, that the vote was transparent and it had seen no violations.
    (AP, 3/19/09)
2009        Mar 18, Sean Hodgson (57), a British man who spent 27 years in prison, walked free after his murder conviction was overturned because of new DNA evidence in a case that may help others who have been wrongly convicted.
    (AP, 3/18/09)
2009        Mar 18, The prime ministers of China and North Korea discussed the nuclear situation on the Korean peninsula as they met in Beijing amid rising tensions over Pyongyang's atomic and missile programs.
    (AFP, 3/18/09)
2009        Mar 18, Colombia extradited former Maj. Julio Cesar Parga Rivas to the US on drug trafficking charges.
    (AP, 3/18/09)
2009        Mar 18, Costa Rica said it will re-establish diplomatic ties with Cuba, and El Salvador's new president-elect, Mauricio Funes, promised to do the same after he takes office.
    (AP, 3/19/09)
2009        Mar 18, Egypt opened its border crossing with the Gaza Strip for the second time in two months to allow medical aid and Palestinians to enter the coastal territory.
    (AP, 3/18/09)
2009        Mar 18, Amnesty international said authorities in Gambia have rounded up about 1,000 people and forced them to drink hallucinogens in a witch-hunting campaign. Authorities began inviting "witch doctors," who combat witches, to come from nearby Guinea soon after the death earlier this year of President Yahya Jammeh’s aunt. The concoctions left six people dead.
    (AP, 3/18/09)(AFP, 7/18/11)
2009        Mar 18, Mumbai police arrested an Indian businessman (49) for allegedly raping his daughter for more than eight years, apparently on the advice of a Hindu mystic who .said it would make him wealthy. Tantrik Hansmukh Bhai Rathode (54) was arrested the next day.
    (AP, 3/19/09)
2009        Mar 18, In Iran Omid Mirsayafi (29), a blogger convicted of insulting the country’s ruling clerics, died in Tehran’s main prison.
    (SFC, 3/20/09, p.A2)
2009        Mar 18, In Iraq a bomb killed a farming couple in Diyala province. A suicide car bomber struck a patrol, killing a policeman and wounding two others in Mosul.
    (AP, 3/18/09)
2009        Mar 18, Gianni Giansanti (52), an award-winning Italian photographer, died in Rome after battling bone cancer. He shot the 1978 image that for many captured the horror of that era — the bullet-riddled body of Aldo Moro, the kidnapped former Italian Christian Democrat premier, in the truck of a parked car. He also had snapped candid portraits of Pope John Paul II during his pilgrimages.
    (AP, 3/19/09)
2009        Mar 18, Kuwait's emir, Sheikh Sabah al Ahmad al Jaber al Sabah, dissolved the 50-member parliament, to avert parliamentary questioning of his nephew, the prime minister. He called for new elections within two months, saying some lawmakers had abused democracy and become a threat to stability.
    (AP, 3/18/09)(WSJ, 4/9/09, p.A1)
2009        Mar 18, Kyrgyzstan police detained several prominent activists as they held a ceremony to mark the seventh anniversary of shootings that left six protesters dead.
    (AP, 3/18/09)
2009        Mar 18, Madagascar's highest court endorsed the army's move to replace the toppled president with his rival, but the African Union was considering whether it constituted a coup.
    (AP, 3/18/09)
2009        Mar 18, In Mexico Vicente "El Vicentillo" Zambada, top figure in the Sinaloa drug cartel, was arrested before dawn at a home in an elite Mexico City neighborhood.
    (AP, 3/20/09)
2009        Mar 18, Mozambique’s interior ministry said 12 prisoners arrested during a riot over a cholera epidemic have died in their cell in unclear circumstances. They were among 29 people arrested when riots broke out last month when Red Cross volunteers were blamed for causing a cholera epidemic plaguing the country.
    (AFP, 3/18/09)
2009        Mar 18, Russian news agencies cited a top defense official as confirming that a contract to sell powerful air-defense missiles to Iran was signed two years ago, but saying no such weapons have yet been delivered.
    (AP, 3/18/09)
2009        Mar 18, Russia said it was banning the hunting of baby harp seals, weeks after PM Putin reportedly called the hunt a bloody industry.
    (SFC, 3/19/09, p.A2)
2009        Mar 18, Defiant Sudanese Pres. Omar al-Bashir rallied Arab supporters in Darfur by saying no war crimes court or the UN Security Council can touch even "an eyelash" on him despite an international order for his arrest.
    (AP, 3/18/09)
2009        Mar 18, In Yemen a suicide bomber struck a convoy carrying South Korean officials sent to Yemen to investigate a bombing earlier in the week that killed four South Korean tourists. No one was hurt.
    (AP, 3/18/09)

2010        Mar 18, Pres. Obama signed a $17.6 billion job-creation measure a day after it was passed by Congress.
    (SFC, 3/18/10, p.A6)
2010        Mar 18, The final version of the US Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act of 2009 (FATCA) became law as part of the Hiring Incentives to Restore Employment (HIRE) Act. FATCA was due to take effect July 1, 2014. In essence FATCA turns foreign banks and other financial institutions into enforcement arms of the IRS.
    (http://tinyurl.com/bljlcvz)(Econ, 9/15/12, p.71)(Econ, 10/12/13, p.38)(Econ, 6/28/14, p.61)
2010        Mar 18, David Coleman Headley (b.1960), Chicago-based Pakistani American, pleaded guilty to 12 counts of terrorism for his role as a scout for the 2008 coordinated assault in Mumbai that left 173 people dead.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Headley)(SFC, 3/19/10, p.A8)
2010        Mar 18, US federal and state agents swept across the El Paso area to round up and question members of the Barrio Azteca gang, which is believed to be behind the recent murder of US consular workers in neighboring Ciudad Juarez. Seven people were arrested.
    (AFP, 3/19/10)
2010        Mar 18, Fess Parker, former film and TV star, died at his home in Santa Ynez, Ca. He was best know for his role as Davy Crocket on the Disneyland TV show. He later played Daniel Boone in the 1964-1970 TV series “Daniel Boone."
    (SFC, 3/19/10, p.C6)
2010        Mar 18, Astronauts from the US and Russia landed safely in northern Kazakhstan's chilly steppes after spending almost six months on the International Space Station.
    (AP, 3/18/10)
2010        Mar 18, Afghan President Hamid Karzai boosted the power of an anti-corruption body that had faced fierce accusations of being toothless and half-hearted in its battle to wipe out official graft. US military officials said operations to push the Taliban out of their Afghan stronghold of Kandahar are under way and will steadily build in the months ahead.
    (AFP, 3/18/10)        
2010        Mar 18, Michael Daly (49), a former detective with Scotland Yard's drug squad, was sentenced to 22 years in prison for his role in a plot to smuggle hundreds of millions of dollars worth of cocaine into Ireland. Daly's plan was foiled when his boat ran out of fuel in rough seas and was shipwrecked off the Irish coast on July 2, 2007. Daly his co-conspirator Alan Wells, a former firefighter (57), have both admitted conspiring to supply to the drug. Wells was sentenced to 15 years.
    (AP, 3/18/10)
2010        Mar 18, China’s state media reported that parts of southern China are suffering from the worst drought in decades, leaving millions of people with inadequate water and huge areas of farmland too dry to plant.
    (AP, 3/18/10)
2010        Mar 18, In the Dominican Rep. Jorge Puello (32), a fugitive who once acted as the lawyer for a group of US Baptist missionaries accused of kidnapping 33 Haitian children, was arrested on human-trafficking charges at the request of the United States.
    (AP, 3/19/10)
2010        Mar 18, Israeli copycat drugs giant Teva made a major stride into Europe with the five-billion-dollar purchase of Ratiopharm, formerly owned by a German billionaire who killed himself.
    (AFP, 3/18/10)
2010        Mar 18, In Mexico gunmen in a convoy of six vehicles opened fire on a navy helicopter on a reconnaissance patrol in Fresnillo, outside of Monterrey. Marines aboard the chopper returned fire, killing one of the gunmen as suspected gang members blocked roads in the city.
    (AP, 3/20/10)
2010        Mar 18, A rocket fired by Palestinian militants from the Gaza Strip killed a Thai worker inside Israel, in the first death from such an attack since Israel's Gaza offensive last year. Israeli missiles hit smuggling tunnels and a metal workshop in Gaza.
    (AP, 3/18/10)(AP, 3/19/10)
2010        Mar 18, A Polish court convicted three men of the theft of the notorious "Arbeit Macht Frei" (Work Sets You Free) sign from the Auschwitz memorial site in December. The men, two of whom are brothers, were given prison sentences ranging from 18 months to 2 1/2 years.
    (AP, 3/18/10)
2010        Mar 18, In Qatar the CITES convention said consumer appetite for caviar is pushing sturgeon to the brink of extinction. Fishing nations led by Japan rejected a US backed proposal to ban export of the Atlantic bluefin tuna. A proposal to ban the int’l. sale of polar bear skins also failed to pass.
    (SFC, 3/19/10, p.A2,5)
2010        Mar 18, Sudan's government and a collection of Darfur rebel groups signed a cease-fire, opening the way for political negotiations ahead of a full peace agreement. Government representative Ghazi Salah Eddin Atabani and rebel leader Al-Tijani Al-Sissi signed the truce in Doha, Qatar. Al-Sissi's Liberation and Justice Movement is an umbrella organization that includes several small Darfur rebel groups that recently united to negotiate with the government.
    (AP, 3/18/10)
2010        Mar 18, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon signed a cooperation agreement with Nikolai Bordyuzha, the head of the Collective Treaty Organization, a Moscow-dominated alliance that includes Russia and six other former Soviet republics.
    (AP, 3/18/10)
2010        Mar 18, Zimbabwe's rival leaders faced fresh pressure to mend their differences and push toward new elections, as South African President Jacob Zuma led talks on the fragile unity government.
    (AP, 3/18/10)

2011        Mar 18, President Barack Obama endorsed military action against Libya's Moammar Gadhafi, saying US values and credibility are at stake to stop "the potential for mass murder" of innocents.
    (AP, 3/19/11)
2011        Mar 18, The United States disavowed torture and pledged to treat terror suspects humanely, but set aside calls to drop the death penalty, as the UN carried out its first review of Washington's human rights record.
    (AP, 3/18/11)
2011        Mar 18, The US Federal Reserve and Bank of Canada confirmed that they had intervened to cool the soaring yen, in concert with other G7 central banks.
    (AFP, 3/18/11)
2011        Mar 18, US wildlife advocates and the Dept. of Interior reached an agreement to lift gray wolf protections in Montana and Idaho and allow hunting of the predators to resume.
    (SFC, 3/19/11, p.A5)
2011        Mar 18, The Internet Corporation for Assigned names and Numbers approved the .xxx domain for adult-content websites.
    (SFC, 3/19/11, p.D2)
2011        Mar 18, The US and Chile signed a nuclear energy accord.
    (SFC, 3/19/11, p.A2)
2011        Mar 18, Warren Christopher (b.1925), former US Sec. of State under Pres. Clinton, died in Los Angeles.
    (SSFC, 3/20/11, p.A10)(Econ, 3/26/11, p.98)
2011        Mar 18, Bahrain's Shiites buried their dead amid a continued government crackdown in this Sunni-ruled island nation in the Persian Gulf.
    (AP, 3/18/11)
2011        Mar 18, Canada announced it was deploying CF-18 fighter jets to help enforce a no-fly zone over Libya and said the deployment would go ahead despite the ceasefire declared by Libyan strongman Moamer Kadhafi.
    (AFP, 3/18/11)
2011        Mar 18, In Egypt pro-democracy activists flocked to Cairo's iconic Tahrir Square for a new protest to urge a "no" vote in a weekend referendum on the military's plans for the future after Hosni Mubarak's ouster.
    (AFP, 3/18/11)
2011        Mar 18, In Haiti former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide received celebrity treatment following his arrival after seven years in exile.
    (AP, 3/18/11)
2011        Mar 18, Honduras' president ordered striking school teachers back to work following clashes with police that left one teacher dead and two others injured.
    (AP, 3/19/11)
2011        Mar 18, In India 2 British men were sentenced to six years in jail in India for sodomizing young boys living at the Anchorage Shelter Home in Mumbai. Charges against Duncan Grant and John Allan Waters were originally filed in 2001.
    (AFP, 3/18/11)
2011        Mar 18, In Iraq thousands of protesters rallied in mostly Shiite cities against what some are calling "sectarian attacks" by security forces against Shiite-led protesters in the Sunni-ruled kingdom of Bahrain.
    (AP, 3/18/11)
2011        Mar 18, Italy's foreign minister said his nation will allow its military bases to be used for the UN-backed military intervention to enforce a no-fly zone over Libya.
    (AP, 3/18/11)
2011        Mar 18, The Japanese government acknowledged that it was overwhelmed by the scale of last week's twin natural disasters. The earthquake and tsunami has now officially left more than 6,900 dead and more than 10,700 missing.  Japanese engineers conceded that burying a crippled nuclear plant in sand and concrete may be a last resort to prevent a catastrophic radiation release. Authorities raised the rating of the nuclear crisis to a Level 5 from a Level 4 on a seven-point international scale. Radiation at the crippled Fukushima No.2 nuclear reactor was recorded at 500 microsieverts per hour.
    (AP, 3/18/11)(Reuters, 3/18/11)(Reuters, 3/23/11)
2011        Mar 18, In Jordan hundreds of protesters calling for reforms demonstrated peacefully, rejecting the beginning of a national dialogue as insufficient.
    (AP, 3/18/11)
2011        Mar 18, Libya said it will halt all military operations immediately in compliance with a newly adopted UN Security Council resolution. A Libyan rebel spokesman dismissed the cease-fire announcement, claiming Moammar Gadhafi's forces are still attacking key cities in the east and the west.
    (AFP, 3/18/11)(AP, 3/18/11)
2011        Mar 18, Malaysian police said that they had found equipment they suspect could be used to make nuclear weapons smuggled on board a ship headed to Iran. On March 8 police confiscated two containers from the MV Bunga Raya Satu traveling from China to Tehran.
    (AP, 3/18/11)
2011        Mar 18, Mexican Senators voted with 69 in favor and one abstention to get rid of a law that made cheating on a spouse an offense punishable by two years in prison. They said it was never enforced but remained on the books. The change already passed the lower House of Deputies and now went to President Felipe Calderon for his signature. 6 gunmen were shot dead during a gunfight with security forces in the Monterrey while eight alleged kidnappers were killed in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz.
    (AP, 3/24/11)(AP, 3/19/11)
2011        Mar 18, In Nigeria sea raiders carted away some $400,000 from Douala’s Pan-African Ecobank killing 7 people. Two gunmen were arrested after the attack. Cameroon’s army later said it killed 18 pirates suspected of the robbery. Police in Cameroon later detained 4 navy officers and 5 civilians in connection with the robbery.
    (SFC, 4/21/11, p.A2)
2011        Mar 18, Saudi Arabia's king promised a multibillion dollar package of reforms, raises, cash, loans and apartments in what appeared to be the Arab world's most expensive attempt to appease residents inspired by the unrest that has swept two leaders from power.
    (AP, 3/18/11)
2011        Mar 18, Senegal's government foiled an alleged coup just hours before anti-government protests were set to begin by arresting 15 people who had planned attacks across the capital. Opposition leaders said the accusations were a way of undercutting the demonstrations.
    (AP, 3/19/11)
2011        Mar 18, In Swaziland a protest sparked by plans to freeze civil service salaries drew nearly 7,000 demonstrators, one of the largest crowds ever seen in the normally placid monarchy, as pro-democracy activists used Friday's gathering to push their cause.
    (AP, 3/18/11)
2011        Mar 18, In Syria human rights activists said plainclothes security officers forcefully broken up about a dozen protesters in central Damascus. Syrian security forces launched a harsh crackdown on protesters calling for political freedoms. Accounts from activists and social media say at least five people died in Daraa.
    (AP, 3/18/11)(AP, 3/19/11)
2011        Mar 18, Yemeni government snipers firing from rooftops and houses shot at tens of thousands of anti-government demonstrators, killing at least 52 people and injuring hundreds in the crowd demanding the ouster of the autocratic president. The total dead after about a month of protests was raised to 80.
    (AP, 3/18/11)(AFP, 3/19/11)

2012        Mar 18, Mitt Romney won all 20 delegates in the Puerto Rico Republican presidential primary.   
    (SFC, 3/19/12, p.A7)
2012        Mar 18, In China Ling Gu, the son of a loyal aide to President Hu Jintao, was killed in a Ferrari accident which initially garnered only minimal coverage in China's state media. Two young women were also injured. A report on Sep 3 said Ling was half-naked when the crash occurred and his two passengers were naked or half-dressed, suggesting they had been involved in some kind of high-speed sex game. Ling Jihua made a botched attempt to cover-up the incident. His youngest brother Ling Wancheng, director of the Communist party’s General Office, later fled to the US.
    (AP, 9/4/12)(SFC, 8/4/15, p.A10)
2012        Mar 18, German lawmakers elected Joachim Gauck (72), a former Lutheran pastor and advocate of civil rights, as the new president.
    (SFC, 3/19/12, p.A2)
2012        Mar 18, Guinea-Bissau began voting for a new president, an office nobody has held for a full five-year term. Chronic instability here has fed a booming cocaine trade. Ex-military intelligence deputy chief Colonel Samba Diallo was shot dead by men in military uniform in the capital hours after polls closed in a presidential vote. He was accused of involvement in a 2009 bombing that killed the country's then army chief.
    (AFP, 3/18/12)
2012        Mar 18, Indonesia police fatally shot five men who were suspected of planning robberies of money changers, jewelers and other targets on the resort island of Bali so they could fund terrorist attacks.
    (AP, 3/19/12)
2012        Mar 18, In Indonesia at least 10 members of one family were killed, as their minivan spun out of control after colliding with a moving train and flipped over in a nearby rice field in West Java province.
    (AFP, 3/18/12)
2012        Mar 18, Israeli troops wounded a six-year-old Palestinian boy when they opened fire east of the town of Rafah.
    (AFP, 3/18/12)
2012        Mar 18, In Libya a clash erupted in Tripoli between a militia and residents of the Abu Selim neighborhood, a pro-Gadhafi stronghold, killing at least one person.
    (AP, 3/18/12)
2012        Mar 18, In Mexico gunmen ambushed and killed 12 police officers on a road leading out of the town of Teloloapan. Another 11 officers were wounded. They had been sent to search for the bodies of 10 people whose severed heads were found in southern Guerrero state.
    (AP, 3/19/12)
2012        Mar 18, Pakistani planes bombed the tribal belt bordering Afghanistan, killing 26 militants. An official at least 25 militants and four soldiers were killed in Bara, a restive town in Khyber tribal district in gunfights between March 12 and today. Four militants and one soldier were killed when militants stormed a security forces check point in Miranshah.
    (AFP, 3/18/12)(AFP, 3/19/12)
2012        Mar 18, In Syria an explosion ripped through a residential neighborhood in the northern city of Aleppo. State news said it was a "terrorist bombing." Two people were reported killed and 30 wounded. The opposition faced a harsh security crackdown aimed at preventing rallies marking one year since the first nationwide demonstrations of the country's uprising.
    (AP, 3/18/12)
2012        Mar 18, The king of Tonga George Tupou V (63), who brought democracy to the impoverished South Pacific island nation, died in Hong Kong. Next in line was his younger brother, Crown Prince Tupouto’a Lavaka Ata.
    (AFP, 3/18/12)(Econ, 3/24/12, p.43)
2012        Mar 18, In Turkey thousands of Kurds massed in Diyarbakir and Istanbul to celebrate the Kurdish new year (Nowruz). A Kurdish politician and Turkish policeman died as riot police fired tear gas to disperse the crowds.
    (Econ, 3/24/12, p.54)
2012        Mar 18, In Uruguay murder charges were filed against two male nurses and a female nurse was charged with covering up a crime in a case involving more than a dozen deaths at two hospitals in Montevideo.
    (AP, 3/19/12)
2012        Mar 18, In central Yemen two gunmen on a motorcycle shot dead Joe Schrum (29), an American teacher working at a language institute. He was shot in his car in Taiz city.
    (AP, 3/18/12)(SFC, 3/21/12, p.A2)

2013        Mar 18, Former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton announced her support for gay marriage, putting her in line with other potential Democratic presidential candidates on a social issue that is rapidly gaining public approval.
    (AP, 3/18/13)
2013        Mar 18, A US military official said a hunger strike at the Guantanamo Bay prison has grown and now involves at least 21 of 166 men held there.
    (AP, 3/18/13)
2013        Mar 18, A new academic study said an estimated 2.2% of all US gun sales are made to smuggling rings that take the firearms to Mexico.
    (SFC, 3/19/13, p.A4)
2013        Mar 18, The US attorney in San Francisco filed criminal charges against Fred Buenrostro, former CEO of CALPERS, and former board member Alfred Villalobos for extensive malfeasance in the nation’s largest public employee pension fund.
    (SFC, 3/19/13, p.D1)
2013        Mar 18, In Florida college student James Oliver Seevakumaran (30) put a bullet in his head as police closed in. He had two guns, hundreds of rounds of ammunition and a backpack filled with explosives. He had pulled a dorm fire alarm in an apparent attempt to force other students out into the open so that he could slaughter them.
    (AP, 3/18/13)
2013        Mar 18, In Nevada 7 Marines were killed when a mortar round exploded during a live-fire training exercise at the Hawthorne Army Depot.
    (SFC, 3/20/13, p.A8)
2013        Mar 18, In New Jersey computer hacker Andrew Auernheimer (27) was sentenced to three years and five months in prison for stealing the personal data of about 120,000 Apple Inc iPad users, including big-city mayors, a TV network news anchor and a Hollywood movie mogul.
    (Reuters, 3/18/13)
2013        Mar 18, In Utah Willard Bay State Park officials closed down the facility on the northeastern edge of the Great Salt Lake and evacuated two campers and the park manager’s family after around 4,200 to 6,300 gallons of diesel fuel leaked from the pipeline just north of the park.
    (www.sltrib.com/sltrib/news/56030315-78/bay-lake-spill-salt.html.csp)
2013        Mar 18, Afghan opposition parties, frustrated with the government's lack of progress in making peace with the Taliban, confirmed that they have been talking since the beginning of the year to the Taliban as well as the militant group headed by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar.
    (AP, 3/18/13)
2013        Mar 18, Argentina’s Pres. Cristina Fernandez asked Pope Francis to intervene in the dispute with Britain over the Falkland Islands.   
    (SFC, 3/19/13, p.A3)
2013        Mar 18, Argentina's government accused the British banking giant HSBC of facilitating money laundering and tax evasion.
    (AP, 3/18/13)
2013        Mar 18, In Australia visiting Myanmar President Thein Sein welcomed closer ties with Australia as he asked for continued support through his country's transition to "peace, democracy and prosperity," a mission that he said "has no parallel in modern times."
    (AP, 3/18/13)
2013        Mar 18, The British government said it will join industrial partners to create a 2 billion pound aerospace center, part of efforts to bolster manufacturers as it struggles to revive a flagging economy.
    (AP, 3/18/13)
2013        Mar 18, Britain's three main political parties agreed to create a new system to regulate the country's scandal-hungry newspapers, after a public inquiry exposed a culture of industrial-scale phone hacking and other unethical behavior.
    (Reuters, 3/18/13)
2013        Mar 18, The Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering was awarded to Marc Andreessen, Sir Timothy Berners-Lee, Vint Cerf, Robert Kahn and Louis Pouzin, for their efforts in the development of the Internet.
    (Econ, 3/23/13, p.84)
2013        Mar 18, Chinese police arrested the husband of a Tibetan woman who died last week after setting herself alight in protest.
    (SFC, 3/19/13, p.A2)
2013        Mar 18, India's Supreme Court indefinitely extended its order barring the Italian ambassador from leaving the country and rejected his explanation of his country's refusal to return two Italian marines charged with killing two Indian fishermen.
    (AP, 3/18/13)
2013        Mar 18, In Lebanon several hundred demonstrators angry over attacks against Sunni Muslim clerics blocked roads with garbage bins and burning tires in Beirut and other Lebanese cities.
    (AP, 3/18/13)
2013        Mar 18, In Nigeria at least 41 people died in a suicide car bombing that struck a bus station in Kano. The explosion came hours after another attack blamed on Boko Haram killed a teacher and injured three students in Maiduguri.
    (AP, 3/19/13)
2013        Mar 18, The Pakistani Taliban withdrew their offer of holding peace talks with the government, saying that the authorities were not serious about following through with negotiations.
    (AP, 3/18/13)
2013        Mar 18, In Pakistan a suicide bomber blew himself up in a courtroom in Peshawar, killing four people and wounding more than 40 others.
    (AP, 3/18/13)
2013        Mar 18, Palestinian attackers shot and wounded an Israeli man in a drive-by shooting at a West Bank bus stop.
    (AP, 3/18/13)
2013        Mar 18, US officials visiting Warsaw tried to reassure Poland that the cancellation of the final stage of a European missile defense system will not sideline the country and was not made to appease Russia.
    (AP, 3/18/13)
2013        Mar 18, In Rwanda Congolese warlord Bosco Ntaganda (39), nicknamed "The Terminator," showed up at the gates of the US Embassy in Kigali. Ntaganda asked to be handed over to the International Criminal Court, which issued its first arrest warrant for him in 2006.
    (AP, 3/19/13)
2013        Mar 18, In Somalia an explosives-laden car, apparently targeting a truck full of government officials, hit a civilian car and exploded, setting a nearby mini-bus on fire and killing at least 7 people in Mogadishu.
    (AP, 3/18/13)
2013        Mar 18, The International Committee of the Red Cross said more than 60 people have been wounded in fighting between South Sudan's army and a rebel group over the last two weeks.
    (AP, 3/19/13)
2013        Mar 18, The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, a Swedish think tank, said China has bypassed Britain as the world's fifth largest arms exporter.
    (AP, 3/18/13)
2013        Mar 18, Syria's main opposition coalition began a push to form an interim government to provide services to people living in parts of the country now controlled by rebel forces.
    (AP, 3/18/13)

2014        Mar 18, US Vice President Joe Biden warned Russia that the US and Europe will impose further sanctions as Moscow seeks to annex the Ukrainian territory.
    (AP, 3/18/14)
2014        Mar 18, The United States and European Union (EU) accused China of using arrests and harassment to silence human rights activists, also voicing consternation at the death in custody of a prominent dissident.
    (Reuters, 3/19/14)
2014        Mar 18, In NYC Guatemala’s ex-president Alfonso Portillo pleaded guilty in federal court to a conspiracy charge saying he accepted $2.5 million in bribes to continue to recognize Taiwan diplomatically during his 2000-2004 presidency.
    (SFC, 3/19/14, p.A2)
2014        Mar 18, In Washington state a news helicopter crashed near Seattle’s Space Needle killing pilot Gary Pfitzner and KOMO-TV photographer Bill Strothman.
    (SFC, 3/19/14, p.A7)
2014        Mar 18, The Mega Millions jackpot of $414 million, the third largest in the game’s history, went to two winners of tickets sold in Florida and Maryland.
    (SFC, 3/20/14, p.A6)
2014        Mar 18, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed 15 people in an attack on a busy marketplace in Maimana, Faryab province.
    (Reuters, 3/18/14)
2014        Mar 18, Britain suspended export licenses for military items to Russia.
    (AP, 3/18/14)
2014        Mar 18, A Chechen Islamic militant group, the Caucasus Emirate, reported that its leader, Doku Umarov (49), was dead.
    (SFC, 3/19/14, p.A2)
2014        Mar 18, China's education ministry ordered a nationwide investigation into whether schools are giving students medication without permission after a protest in Xi’an by parents of kindergarteners who were given an antiviral drug.
    (AP, 3/18/14)
2014        Mar 18, A Cairo court sentenced a police officer to 10 years in prison with labor in connection with the deaths of 37 Islamists last August. A legal source said the men had died from asphyxiation in the back of a crammed police van while they were being moved to a jail on the outskirts of Cairo.
    (AP, 3/18/14)
2014        Mar 18, In Egypt the al-Qaida-inspired Ansar al-Shariah Brigades claimed it was behind the slayings of 26 Egyptian troops in what it describes as "the first phase of a campaign to punish traitors."
    (AP, 3/18/14)
2014        Mar 18, French foreign minister Laurent Fabius said that leaders of the Group of Eight world powers have suspended Russia's participation in the club amid tensions over Ukraine and Russia's incursion into Crimea.
    (AP, 3/18/14)
2014        Mar 18, French police arrested 57 Greenpeace activists who used a truck to ram their way into a nuclear power plant operated by EDF in eastern France.
    (Reuters, 3/18/14)
2014        Mar 18, Greek authorities said they have recovered the bodies of 7 immigrants, including 2 children, who drowned overnight when a boat sank in the eastern Aegean Sea after traveling illegally from nearby Turkey.
    (AP, 3/18/14)
2014        Mar 18, Iranians jumped over bonfires, threw firecrackers and floated wishing lanterns to celebrate an ancient festival (Chaharshanbe Souri) marking the end of the Persian year, ignoring calls by many Islamic clerics to shun a ritual that has officially been denounced as pagan.
    (AP, 3/19/14)
2014        Mar 18, In Iraq a series of bombings targeting commercial streets and security forces in and south of Baghdad killed 8 people.
    (AP, 3/18/14)
2014        Mar 18, An explosion in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights wounded four Israeli soldiers near the Syrian frontier. Israeli forces responded with artillery fire into Syrian-held territory.
    (Reuters, 3/18/14)(Reuters, 3/19/14)
2014        Mar 18, Gunmen from Lebanon's militant Hezbollah group and local Shiite residents tightened their chokehold on Arsal, a Sunni town near the Syrian border, sparking concerns the standoff would cut off aid to thousands of Syrian refugees stranded in the area.
    (AP, 3/18/14)
2014        Mar 18, In Libya Adison Karkha (54), a Christian Iraqi medical school professor, was found slain inside his car in a central city.
    (AP, 3/18/14)
2014        Mar 18, In Morocco hundreds of migrants tried to force their way into Spain's North African enclave of Melilla in two attempted mass crossings, throwing stones at police who tried to stop them. 500 people made it over.
    (Reuters, 3/18/14)(SFC, 4/10/14, p.A5)
2014        Mar 18, Russia’s President Vladimir Putin signed a treaty to annex Crimea, describing the move as correcting past injustice and a necessary response to what he called Western encroachment upon Russia's vital interests.
    (AP, 3/18/14)
2014        Mar 18, In Serbia alleged Balkan drug boss Darko Saric (43), one of the most wanted figures in the crime-riddled region, surrendered to police as a dragnet involving the CIA closed in on him in Latin America. He faced 13 indictments including the trafficking of 5.7 metric tons of cocaine from South America to Europe and laundering of 22 million euros in Serbia.
    (Reuters, 3/18/14)
2014        Mar 18, The Syria cabinet proudly announced the creation of a national space agency.
    (Econ, 3/22/14, p.50)
2014        Mar 18, Taiwanese activists occupied the main chamber of the Legislative Yuan to try to stop the government ratifying a contentious trade agreement with China. The three-week protest became known as the “Sunflower Movement."
    (Econ, 3/29/14, p.39)(Econ, 12/6/14, p.44)
2014        Mar 18, In Crimea a confrontation between Ukrainian soldiers and pro-Russian militia left two dead, a Ukrainian serviceman and a member of a militia.
    (AP, 3/19/14)
2014        Mar 18, United Nations human rights investigators said they have added to their list of suspected war criminals from both sides in the Syrian civil war after a new round of atrocities in recent weeks.
    (Reuters, 3/18/14)
2014        Mar 18, In Venezuela Anthony Rojas (18), mechanical engineering student, was fatally shot in Tariba, on outskirts of San Cristobal. Rojas had participated in past opposition protests in San Cristobal, but was not doing so when he was shot.
    (AP, 3/19/14)
2014        Mar 18, In Tuban, south Yemen, a suicide car bombing at a military intelligence headquarters killed one person and wounded a dozen others.
    (AFP, 3/18/14)

Go to http://www.timelinesdb.com
Go to March 19

privacy policy