Today in History - March 22

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The International Mother Earth Day. It was established in 2009 by the General Assembly under Resolution A/RES/63/278.
    (
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Mother_Earth_Day )(Econ, 11/24/12, p.68)

World Water Day
(
www.worldwaterday.org/ )

1387        Mar 22, Jogaila gave Vilnius the rights of Magdeburg. Vilnius became the 1st self-governed Lithuanian city.
    (LHC, 3/22/03)

1471        Mar 22, George van Podiebrad, king of Bohemia (1458-71), died.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1556        Mar 22, Cardinal Reginald Pole became archbishop of Canterbury.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1599        Mar 22, Sir Anthony Van Dyck, Flemish artist, was born. He gave his name to the Vandyke beard. [See Feb 22]
    (AP, 3/22/99)

1622        Mar 22, The Powhattan Confederacy massacred 347-350 colonists in Virginia, a quarter of the population. On Good Friday over 300 colonists in and around Jamestown, Virginia, were massacred by the Powhatan Indians. The massacre was led by the Powhatan chief Opechancanough and began a costly 22-year war against the English. Opechancanough hoped that killing one quarter of Virginia’s colonists would put an end to the European threat. The result of the massacre was just the opposite, however, as English survivors regrouped and pushed the Powhattans far into the interior. Opechancanough launched his final campaign in 1644, when he was nearly 100 years old and almost totally blind. He was then captured and executed.
    (WSJ, 10/19/98, p.A24)(HNPD, 10/23/98)(AP, 3/22/99)

1630        Mar 22, First legislation prohibiting gambling was enacted in Boston.
    (HN, 3/22/97)

1638        Mar 22, Religious dissident Anne Hutchinson was expelled from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
    (AP, 3/22/97)

1659        Mar 22, The Warsaw parliament decided to issue metal currency, shillings, for Lithuania and Poland.
    (LHC, 3/22/03)

1664        Mar 22, Charles II gave large tracks of land from west of the Connecticut River to the east of Delaware Bay in North America to his brother James, the Duke of York and Albany. The entire Hudson Valley and New Amsterdam was given to James.
    (AP, 3/22/99)(ON, 4/00, p.2)

1685        Mar 22, Composer Johann Sebastian Bach was born in Eisenach, Germany. [see Mar 21]
    (CFA, '96,Vol 179,  p.42)(AP, 3/21/97)

1719        Mar 22, Frederick William abolished serfdom on crown property in Prussia.
    (AP, 3/22/99)

1752        Mar 22, Johann Georg Joseph Spangler, composer, was born.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1758        Mar 22, Jonathan Edwards (b.1703), US colonial theologian, philosopher (Great Awakening, Original Sin), died in New Jersey following an inoculation for smallpox.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jonathan_Edwards)

1765        Mar 22, Britain enacted the Stamp Act to raise money from the American Colonies. This was the first direct British tax on the colonists. The Act was repealed the following year. The tax covered just about everything produced by the American colonists and began the decade of crisis that led to the American Revolution. The Stamp Act taxed the legal documents of the American colonists and infuriated John Adams.
    (AP, 3/22/97)(HN, 3/22/97)(A&IP, p.13,18)

1775        Mar 22, British statesman Edmund Burke made a speech in the House of Commons, urging the government to adopt a policy of reconciliation with America.
    (AP, 3/22/99)

1778        Mar 22, Captain Cook sighted Cape Flattery in Washington state.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1786        Mar 22, Joachim Lelevelis was born in Warsaw. He became a renowned historian and Prof. at Vilnius Univ. He died May 29, 1861 in Paris.
    (LHC, 3/22/03)

1790        Mar 22, Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) became the first US Secretary of State. As Secretary of State, he served on the first Board of Arts, the body that reviewed patent applications and granted patents. Jefferson was one of a triumvirate that served as both America’s first patent commissioner and first patent examiner.
    (HN, 3/22/97)(www.archipelago.org/vol10-34/matsuura.htm)

1794        Mar 22, Congress passed laws prohibiting slave trade with foreign countries, although slavery remained legal in the United States. Congress banned US vessels from supplying slaves to other countries.
    (HN, 3/22/01)(MC, 3/22/02)

1795        Mar 22, A Lithuanian delegation under L. Tiskevicius went to Jekaterina II in Petersburg and declared that Lithuania’s union with Poland was ended.
    (Voruta #27-28, Jul 1996, p.5)

1797        Mar 22, Kaiser Wilhelm I, German Emperor (1871-88), was born.
    (HN, 3/22/97)

1817        Mar 22, Braxton Bragg (d.1876), Gen (Confederate Army), was born.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1820        Mar 22, The Decatur-Barron Duel. U.S. naval hero Stephen Decatur (b.1779) was killed in a duel with Commodore James Barron near Washington, D.C.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.26)(AP, 3/22/97)

1822        Mar 22, Gioacchino Rossini married Isabella Colbran in Bologna.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1834        Mar 22, Horace Greeley published “New Yorker," a weekly literary and news magazine and forerunner of Harold Ross' more successful “The New Yorker."
    (HN, 3/22/01)

1841        Mar 22, Cornstarch was patented by Orlando Jones.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1842        Mar 22, Mykola Vytal'yevich Lysenko, composer, was born.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1846        Mar 22, Randolph Caldecott, illustrator, was born.
    (HN, 3/22/01)

1865        Mar 22, Theophile Ysaye, composer, was born.
    (MC, 3/22/02)
1865        Mar 22, Raid at Wilson's: Chickasaw, AL, to Macon, GA.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1868        Mar 22, Robert A. Millikan, US physicist (photoelectric effect; Nobel 1923), was born.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1871        Mar 22, William Holden of NC became the 1st US governor removed by impeachment.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1872        Mar 22, Illinois became 1st state to require sexual equality in employment.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1873        Mar 22, Slavery was abolished in Puerto Rico.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1874        Mar 22, Young Men's Hebrew Association was organized in NYC.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1882        Mar 22, US Congress outlawed polygamy. The Edmunds-Tucker Act was adopted by the US to suppress polygamy in the territories. [see Morrill Act 1862] President Chester Arthur signed a measure outlawing polygamy.
    (SFEM, 6/28/98, p.39)(AP, 3/22/08)

1887        Mar 22, Chico Marx, [Leonard Martin], comedian (Marx Brothers), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1894        Mar 22, Hockey's first Stanley Cup championship game was played; the home team Montreal Amateur Athletic Association defeated the Ottawa Capitals, 3-1.
    (AP, 3/22/97)

1895        Mar 22, Auguste and Louis Lumiere showed their first movie to an invited audience in Paris; this is generally regarded as the first-ever public display of a movie projected onto a screen. [see Dec 28]
    (AP, 3/22/97)

1901        Mar 22, Japan proclaimed that it was determined to keep Russia from encroaching on Korea.
    (HN, 3/22/97)

1902        Mar 22, Great Britain and Persia agreed to link Europe and India by telegraph.
    (HN, 3/22/97)

1903        Mar 22, Niagara Falls ran out of water because of a drought. [see Feb 22]
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1904        Mar 22, The first color photograph was published in the London Daily Illustrated Mirror.
    (HN, 3/22/97)

1905        Mar 22, Ruth Page, US choreographer, ballet leader (Diaghilev, Pygmalion), was born.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1907        Mar 22, James Gavin, U.S. Army General, was born. He commanded the 82nd Airborne Division on D-Day, Operation Market-Garden and the Battle of the Bulge.
    (HN, 3/22/97)(AP, 3/22/99)
1907        Mar 22, Russians troops completed the evacuation of Manchuria in the face of advancing Japanese forces.
    (HN, 3/22/97)(AP, 3/22/99)

1908        Mar 22, Louis L’Amour (d.1998), American author, was born in Jamestown, North Dakota. He wrote 116 western novels.
    (HN, 3/22/97)(USAT, 6/10/98, p.1D)(MC, 3/22/02)

1912        Mar 22, Karl Malden (d.2009), later film and TV star, was born as Mladen Sekulovich in Chicago.
    (AP, 7/2/09)(SFC, 7/1/09, p.A8)

1913        Mar 22, Karl Malden, actor (Mike-Streets of SF, American Express), was born in Chicago.
    (MC, 3/22/02)
1913        Mar 22, Martha Modl, German singer, soprano (Wagner), was born.
    (MC, 3/22/02)
1913        Mar 22, In China Song Jiaren (30), a leader of the new Nationalist Party, died following a March 20 attack at the Shanghai railway station. All those involved in his killing died or went missing within a year.
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.66)

1915        Mar 22, A German Zeppelin made a night raid on Paris railway stations.
    (HN, 3/22/97)

1917        Mar 22, The U.S. became the first to recognize the Kerensky Government in Russia.
    (HN, 3/22/97)
1917        Mar 22, In Brazil Caixa Economica de Sao Paulo first opened its doors. In 2008 the bank was bought by Banco do Brazil.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2wkhujw)(Econ, 5/15/10, SR p.11)

1918        Mar 22, Ukrainian mobs massacred the Jews of Seredino Buda.
    (www.ukraine-observer.com/articles/205/612)

1919        Mar 22, The first international airline service was inaugurated on a weekly schedule between Paris and Brussels.
    (AP, 3/22/99)

1922        Mar 22, A British court sentenced Mahatma Gandhi to 6 years in prison. [see Mar 18]
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1923        Mar 22, Marcel Marceau, French mime, was born. "I do not get my ideas from people on the street. If you look at faces on the street, what do you see? Nothing. Just boredom." He devised over 100 pantomimes, including The Creation of the World.
    (HN, 3/22/97)(AP, 3/22/99)

1927        Mar 22, Federico Garcia Lorca's "El Maleficio," premiered in Madrid.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1928        Mar 22, Dmitri Antonovitch Volkogonov, soldier, historian, was born.
    (MC, 3/22/02)
1928        Mar 22, Noel Coward's musical "This Year of Grace," premiered in London.
    (MC, 3/22/02)
1928        Mar 22, Peasants in the Soviet Union protested food shortages there.
    (HN, 3/22/97)

1929        Mar 22, A US Coast Guard vessel sank a Canadian schooner suspected of carrying liquor.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1930        Mar 22, Stephen Sondheim, American composer and lyricist (A Little Night Music, Passion), was born.
    (HN, 3/22/01)

1933        Mar 22, During Prohibition, President Roosevelt signed a measure to make wine & beer containing up to 3.2 percent alcohol legal. [see Feb 20, Apr 7, Dec 5]
    (AP, 3/22/97)(HN, 3/22/97)

1934        Mar 22, Philippine independence was granted by the US and was guaranteed to begin in 1945.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1682)
1934        Mar 22, Orrin Hatch, U.S. senator from Utah, was born.
    (HN, 3/22/97)

1935        Mar 22, Michael Emmet Walsh, actor (Wildcats, War Party), was born in Ogdensburg, NY.
    (MC, 3/22/02)
1935        Mar 22, Blood tests were authorized as evidence in court cases in NY.
    (MC, 3/22/02)
1935        Mar 22, Persia was renamed Iran.
    (SFC,11/19/97, Z1 p.7)(HN, 3/22/97)
1935        Mar 22, Russia sold the Chinese Eastern Railway to Japan.
    (HN, 3/22/97)

1936        Mar 22, May Britt, actress (Young Lions), wife of Sammy Davis Jr., was born in Sweden.
    (MC, 3/22/02)
1936        Mar 22, Roger Whittaker, country singer (Durham Town), was born in Nairobi, Kenya.
    (MC, 3/22/02)
1936        Mar 22, In Alameda, Ca., Chief Engineer George W. Alberts was found murdered aboard the freighter S.S. Point Lobos. District Attorney Earl Warren prosecuted the case and 4 defendants were convicted and sentenced to prison.
    (SFEM, 6/1/97, p.16-21)

1937        Mar 22, Ray Woods, a professional diver from St. Louis, leaped from the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge in an attempt to set a new world record for high dive. He suffered 6 broken vertebrae, but survived.
    (SSFC, 3/18/12, DB p.42)(http://tinyurl.com/6nxsa69)

1938        Mar 22, Officials at San Quentin Prison tested the new gas chamber using a little pig. The warden had refused to permit the use of a dog.
    (SSFC, 2/17/13, DB p.42)

1939        Mar 22, Germany marched into Klaipeda (Memel), Lithuania. The Lithuanian warship Prezidentas Smetona was left without a harbor. The ship soon settled at Latvia’s port of Liepaja. In December Ltn. P. Labanauskas was named captain. In 1940 Soviet occupiers called for the ship to raise the Soviet flag, but Captain Labanauskas sailed the ship out of Soviet territory. The ship was later handed over to the Soviet Baltic fleet. On Jan 11, 1945, it hit a mine and sank off the coast of Finland.        
    (Voruta #27-28, Jul 1996, p.2)(http://tinyurl.com/cs545k)

1941        Mar 22, The Grand Coulee Dam in Washington state went into operation.
    (AP, 3/22/01)

1942        Mar 22, There was a heavy German assault on Malta (3rd day).
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1943        Mar 22, SS police chief Rauter threatened to kill half Jewish children.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1944        Mar 22, Over 600 8th Air Force bombers attacked Berlin.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1945        Mar 22, The Arab League was formed with the adoption of a charter in Cairo, Egypt. Saudi Arabia became a founding member of the UN and the Arab League.
    (AP, 3/22/97)(WSJ, 11/13/01, p.A14)
1945        Mar 22, The US 3rd Army crossed the Rhine at Nierstein.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1946        Mar 22, First U.S. built rocket to leave the earth's atmosphere reached a 50-mile height.
    (HN, 3/22/97)
1946        Mar 22, The British mandate in Transjordan came to an end. Britain signed a treaty granting independence to Jordan.
    (AP, 3/22/97)(HN, 3/22/97)

1948        Mar 22, Andrew Lloyd Webber, Broadway composer, was born. His works include "Phantom of the Opera" and "Cats."
    (AP, 3/22/99)(HN, 3/22/97)
1948        Mar 22, The U.S. announced a land reform plan for Korea.
    (HN, 3/22/97)

1950         Mar 22, A one-page memo was addressed to FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover from Guy Hottel, then head of the FBI's Washington, D.C., field office. It relayed some information from an informant. The subject:    FLYING SAUCERS INFORMATION CONCERNING: "An investigator for the Air Force stated that three so-called flying saucers had been recovered in New Mexico. They were described as being circular in shape with raised centers, approximately 50 feet in diameter. Each one was occupied by three bodies of human shape but only 3 feet tall, dressed in metallic cloth of a very fine texture. Each body was bandaged in a manner similar to the blackout suits used by speed fliers and test pilots." The file was released in April 2011 under the Freedom of Information Act. The memo is dated nearly three years after the infamous events in Roswell in July 1947.
    (http://tinyurl.com/cwg4uwp)

1952        Mar 22, Bob Costas, sportscaster and talk show host, was born in Queens, NY.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Costas)
1952        Mar 22, US Navy pilot Kenneth Schechter (d.2013) was among a group of pilots ordered to bomb North Korean rail and truck lines. Schechter’s plane was hit and he was blinded, but managed to make a landing guided by group leader Lt. Howard Thayer.
    (SFC, 12/25/13, p.D2)

1953        Mar 22, UC Pres. Robert Gordon Sproul addressed a Charter Day banquet and contended that faculty members who support the Communist Party do not deserve membership in a university faculty.
    (SFC, 1/21/02, p.E3)

1954        Mar 22, The 1st shopping mall opened in Southfield, Mich.
    (MC, 3/22/02)
1954        Mar 22, The London gold market reopened for the first time since 1939.
    (HN, 3/22/97)

1955        Mar 22, Linda Stout became the first person at Mayo Clinic, and the second person in the world, to have open-heart surgery with the aid of a heart-lung bypass machine.
    (www.mayoclinic.org/history/)

1956        Mar 22, Musical "Mr. Wonderful" with Sammy Davis Jr. premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1957        Mar 22, An earthquake, centered in Daly City, Ca., hit the SF Bay Area and caused extensive damage to Mary’s Help Hospital.
    (Ind, 8/11/01, 5A)(CW, Winter 04, p.45)(DCFD, Centennial, 2007)

1958        Mar 22, Movie producer Mike Todd (56) and three other people were killed in the crash of Todd's private plane near Grants, N.M.
    (AP, 3/22/08)

1960        Mar 22, The 1st patent for lasers was granted to Arthur Schawlow and Charles Townes. Schawlow and Townes developed their laser, light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation, while working at Bell labs in 1958.
    (www1.bell-labs.com/history/laser/) (www.ipmall.info/about/user11.asp)

1963        Mar 22, British Minister of War John Profumo denied having sex with Christine Keeler. The Profumo call girl scandal almost toppled the government. Profumo, a leading British Conservative and minister for war, was discovered to have been involved with Keeler, a call girl who was also dealing with a Soviet attaché. Valerie Hobson (d.1998 at 81), his actress wife, stood by him after the scandal. A 1995 Masterpiece Theater TV play was based on these events.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1963)(WSJ, 12/28/95, p. A-5)(SFEC, 11/15/98, p.D5)(MC, 3/22/02)

1965        Mar 22, US confirmed its troops used chemical warfare against the Vietcong.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1968        Mar 22, Gen'l. William Westmoreland (1914-2005) was relieved of his duties in the wake of the Tet disaster. Troop strength under Westmoreland had reached over 500,000 and he wanted more. He was succeeded by Gen'l. Creighton Abrams. Abrams reversed Westmoreland's strategy. He ended major "search and destroy" missions and focused on protecting population centers. William Colby took charge of the pacification campaign. President Lyndon B. Johnson named Gen. William C. Westmoreland to be the Army's new Chief of Staff.
    (HN, 3/22/97)(WSJ, 6/23/99, p.A24)(Econ, 7/30/05, p.79)(AP, 3/22/08)
1968        Mar 22, In southern Thailand Tuanku Biyo Kodoniyo set up the Pattani United Liberation Organization (PULO). It called for an independent Islamic country.
    (www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/para/pulo.htm)

1972        Mar 22, The US Congress passed the Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution and sent it to the states for ratification. The amendment died in 1982 when it fell three states short of the 38, two-thirds, needed for approval.
    (AP, 3/22/97)(HN, 3/22/97)(www.infoplease.com/spot/womenstimeline1.html)
1972        Mar 22, The Supreme Court Eisenstadt vs. Baird decision struck down a law that banned the distribution of birth control devices to unmarried people.
    (SFC, 7/25/97, p.A8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eisenstadt_v._Baird)

1974        Mar 22, The Viet Cong proposed a new truce with the United States and South Vietnam, which includes general elections.
    (AP, 3/22/99)

1975        Mar 22, In Alabama a fire at the Browns Ferry Unit 1 nuclear power plant caused $10 million in damage and knocked the reactor out of service for over a year. A worker checking for air leaks with a candle ignited insulation near the control room. The reactor was mothballed in 1985. It was scheduled to reopen in 2007 following a 5 year, $1.8 billion restoration.
    (SFC, 5/5/07, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/33l4hc)

1977        Mar 22, President Carter proposed the abolition of the Electoral College.
    (HN, 3/22/97)
1977        Mar 22, Indira Gandhi revoked emergency rule and resigned as PM of India.
    (http://tinyurl.com/32tg72)

1978        Mar 22, Karl Wallenda, the 73-year-old patriarch of "The Flying Wallendas" high-wire act, fell to his death while attempting to walk a cable strung between two hotels in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
    (AP, 3/22/97)

1979        Mar 22, The opera "Miss Havisham’s Fire" by Dominick Argento premiered at the NYC Opera with two 80-minute acts. It was based on a character in the 1861 novel “Great Expectations" by Charles Dickens.
    (WSJ, 7/2/01, p.A12)(www.historicopera.com/listing_operas.htm)
1979        Mar 22, Israeli parliament approved a peace treaty with Egypt.
    (www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Peace/begin_closing.html)

1981        Mar 22, Postage rates went from 15 cents an ounce to 18 cents an ounce.
    (HN, 3/22/97)

1982        Mar 22, The US submarine Jacksonville collided with a Turkish freighter near Virginia.
    (http://navysite.de/ssn/ssn699.htm)

1986        Mar 22, World financier Michele Sindona died two days after ingesting cyanide in his Italian prison cell in what authorities later ruled a suicide.
    (AP, 3/22/06)

1987        Mar 22, A garbage barge, carrying 3,200 tons of refuse, left Islip, N.Y., on a six-month journey in search of a place to unload. The barge was turned away by several states and three countries until space was found back in Islip.
    (AP, 3/22/97)

1988        Mar 22, Both houses of Congress overrode President Reagan's veto of a sweeping civil rights bill.
    (AP, 3/22/97)
1988        Mar 22, In Angola the battle of Cuito Cuanavale changed the region's political landscape, accelerating the independence of Namibia and the fall of apartheid in South Africa. While the Cuban and Angolan forces claimed victory, South Africa claimed it lost only 31 soldiers against 4,785 who fell on the other side.
    (AP, 3/22/08)
1988        Mar 22, Iraqi jets dropped a variety of chemical weapons on the Kurdish town of Sewsenan, where militiamen had fled following attacks on Halabja.
    (SFC, 8/21/06, p.A6)

1989        Mar 22, US Supreme Court upheld 1 person 1 vote rule of NYC Board of Estimate.
    (http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/scripts/getcase.pl?court=US&vol=489&invol=688)
1989        Mar 22, National Football League Commissioner Pete Rozelle announced plans to retire.
    (AP, 3/22/99)
1989        Mar 22, Fawn Hall, Oliver North's former secretary, began two days of testimony at North's Iran-Contra trial in Washington.
    (AP, 3/22/99)
1989        Mar 22, Ann Harrison (15) was abducted as she waited for a school bus in front of her home in Raytown, Missouri. African-Americans Roderick Nunley and Michael Taylor forced her into a stolen car, raped and stabbed her to death. They left her body in the boot of the car. Taylor and Nunley were convicted and sentenced to death. In 2006 their execution was postponed pending a decision on whether lethal injection constitutes cruel and unusual punishment. On Feb 26, 2014, Taylor was executed.
    (http://columbiamissourian.com/news/story.php?ID=18038)(Econ, 7/22/06, p.36)(SFC, 2/27/14, p.A8)

1990        Mar 22, A jury in Anchorage, Alaska, found former tanker captain Joseph Hazelwood innocent of three major charges in connection with the Exxon Valdez oil spill, but convicted him of a minor charge of negligent discharge of oil.
    (HN, 3/22/97)(AP, 3/22/00)

1991        Mar 22, Law enforcement officers raided fraternities at Univ. of Virginia seizing drugs.
    (http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/1991-3/1991-03-22-ABC-9.html)
1991        Mar 22, High school instructor Pamela Smart, accused of manipulating her student-lover into killing her husband, was convicted in Exeter, New Hampshire, of murder-conspiracy. She was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 3/22/01)(SSFC, 7/13/14, p.A10)
1991        Mar 22, A US warplane shot down a second Iraqi jet fighter that had violated the cease-fire ending the Persian Gulf War.
    (AP, 3/22/01)

1992        Mar 22, The show "Conversations with My Father" opened at the Royale Theatre in NYC for 462 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=4669)
1992        Mar 22, President Bush and German Chancellor Helmut Kohl wrapped up a weekend of informal talks by reiterating their resolve to break a deadlock on global trade talks.
    (AP, 3/22/02)
1992        Mar 22, Twenty-seven people were killed when a USAir jetliner crashed on takeoff from New York's La Guardia Airport; 24 people survived.
    (AP, 3/22/97)
1992        Mar 22, France's governing Socialist Party was rebuffed in regional elections.
    (AP, 3/22/02)

1993        Mar 22, Microsoft began shipping its Encarta encyclopedia on CD-ROM. It had licensed content from Funk & Wagnalls after being rebuffed by Britannica.
    (Wired, 12/98, p.198)(WSJ, 3/18/09, p.A13)
1993        Mar 22, Intel introduced its Pentium processor (80586): 64 bits-60 MHz-100+ MIPS.
    (www.intel.com/pressroom/kits/quickreffam.htm#pentium)
1993        Mar 22, The launch of the space shuttle Columbia was scrubbed with three seconds left in the countdown.
    (AP, 3/22/97)
1993        Mar 22, Cleveland Indians pitchers Steve Olin and Tim Crews were killed when the boat they were riding in slammed into a Florida pier; pitcher Bob Ojeda was seriously injured.
    (AP, 3/22/97)
1993        Mar 22, The 1st World Water Day. On Dec 22, 1992, the UN General Assembly adopted resolution A/RES/47/193 by which 22 March of each year was declared World Day for Water, to be observed starting in 1993.
    (www.unesco.org/water/water_celebrations/index.shtml)

1994        Mar 22, The US Federal Reserve for fear of inflation announced it was raising short-term interest rates from 3.25 to 3.5%, the second such boost of the year. By Nov the 10-year bond rate rose to 8% from about 5.4% the previous September.
    (AP, 3/22/99)(SSFC, 7/6/03, p.I1)
1994        Mar 22, Walter Lantz, "Woody Woodpecker" creator, died in Burbank, Calif., at age 93.
    (AP, 3/22/99)

1995        Mar 22, Shouting erupted in the U.S. House of Representatives as Democrats bitterly accused majority Republicans of trying to ram through a mean-spirited welfare overhaul bill.
    (AP, 3/22/00)
1995        Mar 22, Convicted Long Island Rail Road gunman Colin Ferguson was sentenced to life in prison for killing six people.
    (AP, 3/22/00)

1996        Mar 22, Shannon Lucid, astronaut, went into space on the shuttle Atlantis. She transferred to the Russian Mir space station and broke the US space endurance record of 115 days on 7/15/96.
    (SFC, 7/13/96, p.A7)(AP, 3/22/97)

1997        Mar 22, The show "Sunset Boulevard" closed at Minskoff in NYC after 977 performances.
    (http://www.ibdb.com/production.asp?id=4275)
1997        Mar 22, In Lausanne, Switz., Tara Lipinski, at age 14 years and 10 months, became the youngest women's world figure skating champion.
    (AP, 3/22/97)
1997        Mar 22, The Hale-Bopp comet made its closest approach to Earth at 122 million miles. On Apr 1 it will make its closest approach to the sun, perihelion, at some 85 miles distance.
    (SFC, 3/28/97, p.A12)
1997        Mar 22, In Canada five Solar Temple cult members died in an apparent mass suicide in Quebec. Devotees believed that suicide transports them to a new life in a place called Sirius.
    (WSJ, 3/24/97, p.A1)(SFC, 3/27/97, p.A19)
1997        Mar 22, In France Etienne Bacrat, “the Mozart of Chess," became a grand master at the age of 14.
    (SFEC, 3/23/97,  p.A13)
1997        Mar 22, A day after a suicide bomber killed three women in Tel Aviv, Israeli troops clashed with hundreds of Palestinians in Hebron.
    (AP, 3/22/97)
1997        Mar 22, In Tanzania the worst drought in 40 years was reported.
    (SFC, 3/22/97, p.A4)

1998        Mar 22, President Clinton departed Washington for an historic 12-day tour of Africa.
    (AP, 3/22/99)
1998        Mar 22, A deeply divided United Auto Workers union approved a new contract with Caterpillar Inc., ending a 6 1/2-year contract battle.
    (AP, 3/22/99)
1998        Mar 22, In Miles Township, Pa., 11 students were killed in a cabin fire while on a camping trip.
    (SFC, 3/23/98, p.A2)(AP, 3/22/99)
1998        Mar 22, Kosovo Albanians elected Ibrahim Rugova as president. Serb officials pronounced the elections meaningless.
    (SFC, 3/23/98, p.A9)
1998        Mar 22, In Moldova elections were held and the Communist party received about 30% of the vote. Political parties scrambled to form a coalition to keep the Communists out of power.
    (SFC, 3/24/98, p.A14)
1998        Mar 22, A Philippine Airbus 320 jetliner overshot its runway on landing and hit a row of houses and a disco in Bacolod. 3 people were killed and a hundred injured.
    (WSJ, 3/23/98, p.A1)

1999        Mar 22, The Clinton administration announced new food deals for North Korea to total $60 million.
    (WSJ, 3/23/99, p.A1)
1999        Mar 22, Acting as his own lawyer, Dr. Jack Kevorkian went on trial on murder charges for the first time, telling a jury in Pontiac, Mich., he was merely carrying out his professional duty in a videotaped assisted death shown on "60 Minutes." Kevorkian was convicted of second-degree murder.
    (AP, 3/22/00)
1999        Mar 22, A woman, held as a sex hostage, escaped from David Ray and Cindy Hendy near Elephant Butte Lake, NM. Ray and Hendy were arrested on charges of kidnapping and torture and then other reports emerged that 4-6 other victims had been mutilated and dumped into the lake.
    (SFC, 3/31/99, p.A6)
1999        Mar 22, The Volantor, a flying car, was described. It was designed by Paul Moller of Davis, Ca., and estimated to have range of 900 miles.
    (SFC, 3/22/99, p.A15)
1999        Mar 22, In Congo Mai Mai warriors hired by Rwanda were reported to have killed 100 people. Rwanda denied the report.
    (WSJ, 3/24/99, p.A1)
1999        Mar 22, Serb attacks on ethnic Albanians continued after envoy Richard Holbrooke failed to convince Pres. Milosevic to stop.
    (WSJ, 3/23/99, p.A1)
1999        Mar 22, In Sierra Leone at least 150 people drowned when an overloaded motorized canoe capsized near Tasso.
    (SFC, 3/26/99, p.A14)

2000        Mar 22, The US Senate voted to abolish the Social Security income penalty for people aged 65-69. Pres. Clinton promised to sign the bill. The penalty had reduced benefits by $1 for every $3 eared above $17,000.
    (SFC, 3/23/00, p.A3)
2000        Mar 22, The federal government agreed to pay a record $508 million to settle a sex discrimination lawsuit filed by some 1,100 women at the now-defunct US Information Agency in 1977. Another $23 million was for back pay, interest and retirement benefits. It was the largest-ever settlement of a federal sex discrimination case.
    (SFC, 3/23/00, p.A1)(AP, 3/22/01)
2000        Mar 22, Four Florida counties were declared agricultural disaster areas due to a spreading citrus canker. Half the lime crop was already destroyed in the southern part of the state.
    (WSJ, 3/23/00, p.A1)
2000        Mar 22, Gunmen ambushed Arkady Gukasyan, the president of Nagorno-Karabakh, an Armenian enclave in Azerbaijan. 28 suspects were arrested.
    (SFC, 3/23/00, p.D2)
2000        Mar 22, In Nepal Girija Prasad Koirala began his 3rd term as prime minister. He succeeded Krishna Prasad Bhattarai.   
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Girija_Prasad_Koirala)
2000        Mar 22, In Bethlehem Pope John Paul II affirmed support for a Palestinian homeland.
    (SFC, 3/23/00, p.A1)(AP, 3/22/01)
2000        Mar 22, In Nigeria a pipeline fire killed 50 people siphoning off gas in Abia state.
    (SFC, 3/23/00, p.D2)

2001        Mar 22, Pres. Bush met with Chinese Deputy Premier Qian Qichen and said the US would support Taiwan’s military needs.
    (WSJ, 3/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 22, In California Jason Hoffman (18) opened fire at Granite Hills High School in El Cajon, San Diego County. 10 people were injured. Hoffman reached a plea agreement and faced at least 27 years in prison. Hoffman hanged himself and was found dead in his cell Oct 29.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.A1)(SFC, 3/24/01, p.A3)(SFC, 9/14/01, p.A28)(SFC, 10/30/01, p.E10)
2001        Mar 22, William Hanna (b.1910), animation pioneer, died in Los Angeles. Cartoon characters that he helped create included Fred Flintstone, Quick Draw McGraw, Yogi Bear, Papa Smurf, as well as Tom and Jerry.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.D7)(AP, 3/22/02)(NW, 12/31/01, p.107)
2001        Mar 22, Yevgeny Plushchenko captured the World Figure Skating Championships crown in Vancouver, British Columbia.
    (AP, 3/22/02)
2001        Mar 22, Two Albanians were killed by Macedonian police at a checkpoint when they appeared to pull grenades. The EU urged Macedonia to show restraint and intensify discussions with Albanian militants.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.D4)
2001        Mar 22, Pedro Verona Rodrigues Pires began ruling as the President of Cape Verde and continued to September 2011. He was Prime Minister from 1975 to 1991.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedro_Pires)
2001        Mar 22, In Ireland a case of foot-and-mouth disease was confirmed in County Louth, on the border with Northern Ireland. 40,000 cattle were destroyed.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.D5)(WSJ, 3/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 22, In Mexico the Chamber of Deputies voted to allow Zapatista leaders to speak before an informal session of Congress.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.D2)
2001        Mar 22, Russia threatened to expel 50 American personnel in response to US expulsions of Russian intelligence agents.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 22, The Russian Duma was expected to pass a bill to allow the storage of spent nuclear fuel for projected earnings of some $20 billion.
    (WSJ, 3/22/01, p.A1)
2001        Mar 22, Sabiha Gokcen, Turkey's 1st woman pilot and the adopted daughter of Ataturk, died. Armenians held that she was Armenian by birth.
    (Econ, 3/27/04, p.52)
2001        Mar 22, UN Sec.-Gen. Kofi Annan said that he agreed to seek a 2nd five-year term.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.D5)

2002        Mar 22, The TV show “Wall Street Week" with Louis Rukeyser, begun in 1970, was scheduled for its last show on Jun 28, but PBS dropped Mr. Rukeyser after this evening’s broadcast.
    (SFC, 3/22/02, p.B5)(WSJ, 4/1/02, p.A10)
2002        Mar 22, Pres. Bush addressed the UN meeting in Monterey, Mexico, and called on wealthy nations to link foreign aid to economic reform. Bush had already proposed an extra $10 billion over 3 years starting in 2004. US aid was about .01% of GDP as compared to 1% of GDP for Denmark.
    (SFC, 3/23/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 3/24/02, p.D3)
2002        Mar 22, The US State Dept. ordered all non-essential Embassy and Consulate personnel in Pakistan to return home.
    (SFC, 3/23/02, p.A13)
2002        Mar 22, A US postal panel approved a 3 cent increase in first-class stamps to 37 cents around Jun 30.
    (WSJ, 3/25/02, p.A1)
2002        Mar 22, A Portland, Oregon, jury ordered Philip Morris to pay $150 million in punitive damages for falsely representing low-tar cigarettes as healthier than regular cigarettes.
    (SFC, 3/23/02, p.A4)
2002        Mar 22, Thomas Kelly (72), the Grumman engineer who had overseen the building of the 1969 lunar module, died.
    (SFC, 3/29/02, p.A24)
2002        Mar 22, The Argentine peso closed down 18% to 3.1 to the dollar. IMF loans appeared distant.
    (WSJ, 3/25/02, p.A12)
2002        Mar 22, Israelis and Palestinians resumed cease-fire negotiations despite another suicide bombing outside Jenin. Only the bomber was killed.
    (SFC, 3/23/02, p.A10)
2002        Mar 22, It was reported that the Taiwan government had seized copies of Next magazine that included details of a secret $100 million fund used by former pres. Lee Teng-hui and current officials for diplomatic missions and policy initiatives. Some 220,000 copies did get distributed.
    (SFC, 3/22/02, p.A10)(SFC, 3/29/02, p.A5)

2003        Mar 22, Many thousands of people marched in cities around the world or demonstrated outside U.S. military bases, but the demonstrations were far smaller than earlier protests.
    (AP, 3/22/04)
2003        Mar 22, U.S. forces reported seizing a large weapons cache in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 3/22/04)
2003        Mar 22, Scientists believe they have found the virus responsible for the mystery SARS virus and announced a test to diagnose it.
    (AP, 3/23/03)
2003        Mar 22, In the 4th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom intermittent explosions were heard throughout the day in Baghdad and by late afternoon at least 12 huge columns of smoke could be seen rising from all along the southern horizon of the city. US and British forces reached half way to Baghdad and British forces were left surrounding Basra.
    (AP, 3/22/03)(SSFC, 3/23/03, p.W1)
2003        Mar 22, A 4-man ITN TV crew drove into a war zone near Az Zubayr, Iraq, and reporter Terry Lloyd (50) was killed. 2 men went missing and one escaped.
    (WSJ, 5/2/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 22, Two British Royal Navy helicopters collided over the Persian Gulf, killing all 7 on board including a US Navy officer.
    (AP, 3/22/03)
2003        Mar 22, Burundi's hard-line Hutu rebel group expressed satisfaction with its first round of peace talks in Switzerland.
    (AP, 3/22/03)
2003        Mar 22, Dozens of Chechen rebels surrendered their weapons in a ceremony apparently designed to promote harmony on the eve of a constitutional referendum.
    (AP, 3/22/03)
2003        Mar 22, A gas explosion killed 28 people and trapped 45 others in a coal mine in northern China.
    (AP, 3/22/03)
2003        Mar 22, In eastern Congo an overloaded ferry traveling between rebel-held ports sank in Lake Tanganyika, killing 111 people. It was sailing in Burundian waters to avoid rival tribal fighters.
    (AP, 3/24/03)
2003        Mar 22, Thousands of angry protesters from Japan to Greece marched Saturday against the US-led war in Iraq.
    (AP, 3/22/03)
2003        Mar 22, Sgt. Hasan Akbar, a US soldier, threw grenades into 3 tents at Camp Pennsylvania, a 101st Airborne command center in Kuwait, killing one fellow serviceman and wounding 13. In 2005 Akbar was convicted of premeditated and attempted murder. On April 28, 2005, Akbar was sentenced to death.
    (AP, 3/23/03)(SFC, 4/22/05, p.A13)(SFC, 4/29/05, p.A10)
2003        Mar 22, In Nigeria ethnic militants threatened to blow up 11 multinational oil installations they claimed to have captured in retaliation for military raids.
    (AP, 3/22/03)

2004        Mar 22, Terry Nichols went on trial for his life in the Oklahoma City bombing. Nichols was already serving a life sentence for his conviction on federal charges. On May 26 he was found guilty of 161 state murder charges, but was again spared the death penalty when the jury couldn't agree on his sentence.
    (AP, 3/22/05)
2004        Mar 22, Afghan soldiers deployed to the western city of Herat after some of the fiercest factional fighting since the 2001 fall of the Taliban killed a Cabinet minister and as many as 100 others.
    (AP, 3/22/04)
2004        Mar 22, A car bomb blew up near a U.S. Air Force base north of Baghdad, killing two Iraqi civilians and wounding 25 others. The U.S. military said a bomb killed a U.S. soldier and an Iraqi interpreter in Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/22/04)
2004        Mar 22, The Finnish Foreign Ministry said two Finnish businessmen were shot and killed in Baghdad.
    (AP, 3/22/04)
2004        Mar 22, Israel killed Hamas founder Ahmed Yassin and 7 other Hamas members in a helicopter missile strike outside a Gaza City mosque, prompting threats of unprecedented revenge by thousands of Palestinian. Sheik Ahmed Yassin, a quadriplegic preacher, founded the Islamic militant group Hamas in 1987 and presided over its rise to a violent, radical alternative to Yasser Arafat's Palestinian Authority.
    (AP, 3/22/04)(USAT, 3/23/04, p.1A)
2004        Mar 22, In Malaysia Abdullah Ahmad Badawi was sworn in as prime minister, a day after scoring a landslide election victory that handed the fundamentalist Islamic opposition its worst defeat in more than a decade. The national Front Coalition won 199 out of 219 seats in parliament.
    (AP, 3/22/04)(Econ, 11/17/07, p.53)
2004        Mar 22, Oil giant Royal Dutch/Shell said it plans to streamline its operations in Nigeria. An estimated 1,500 people, or about 30 percent of its work force of about 5,000, will be laid off.
    (AP, 3/22/04)
2004        Mar 22, In Pakistan assailants launched two rocket attacks on government forces on the edge of a bloody offensive against al-Qaeda militants and 15 soldiers were killed near Sarwakai. A mile-long tunnel from a tribal compound toward the Afghan border was discovered.
    (AP, 3/23/04)(WSJ, 3/23/04, p.A1)(SFC, 4/2/04, p.A11)

2005        Mar 22, World Water Day. The UN General Assembly adopted resolution A/RES/47/193 of 22 December 1992 by which 22 March of each year was declared World Day for Water, to be observed starting in 1993.
    (www.unesco.org/water/water_celebrations/index.shtml)
2005        Mar 22, The US Federal Reserve raised its fed funds rate a quarter point to 2.75%.
    (SFC, 3/23/05, p.C1)
2005        Mar 22, A federal judge in Florida refused to order the reinsertion of Terri Schiavo's feeding tube, denying an emergency request from the brain-damaged woman's parents.
    (AP, 3/22/05)
2005        Mar 22, Iowa enacted a law requiring an ID check and signature before the sale of cold remedies containing an ingredient for methamphetamine.
    (WSJ, 3/23/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 22, Anna Ayala of Las Vegas claimed that she bit into a piece of human finger while eating chili at a Wendy’s restaurant in San Jose, Ca. Ayala was arrested on Apr 21 on suspicion of attempted grand theft. Police later reported the finger came from an acquaintance of Ayala’s husband, who lost it in an industrial accident. Ayala and her husband Jaime Placencia pleaded guilty to all charges on Sep 9. In 2006 both were sentenced to 9 years in prison and ordered top pay $21.2 million in restitution to Wendy’s Int’l.
    (SFC, 3/25/05, p.A1)(SFC, 5/14/05, p.A1)(SFC, 9/10/05, p.A1)(SFC, 1/19/06, p.B1)
2005        Mar 22, IBM unveiled new anti-span technology called FairUCE. It used a giant database to identify computers sending spam and returned e-mails from those listed back to the sending machine.
    (WSJ, 3/22/05, p.B1)
2005        Mar 22, Officials from the ministry of health and the World Health Organization (WHO) said a deadly haemorrhagic fever that has claimed the lives of 96 people, mainly children, in Angola's northern Uige province has been identified as the rare Marburg virus.
    (www.meritcare.com/news/world/viewarticle.asp?id=18843)
2005        Mar 22, Astronomers reported a faint heat glow from giant planets circling distant stars.
    (SFC, 3/23/05, p.A1)
2005        Mar 22, In Afghanistan US warplanes killed five suspected Taliban or al-Qaida militants near the Pakistani border after guerrillas launched an overnight rocket and gun attack on American and Afghan military positions.
    (AP, 3/23/05)
2005        Mar 22, In Afghanistan US-led forces trying to capture a suspected Taliban militant got into a firefight that left seven people dead, including two children and a woman.
    (AP, 3/24/05)
2005        Mar 22, French lawmakers voted to dismantle the 35-hour workweek.
    (SFC, 3/23/05, p.A10)
2005        Mar 22, Gunmen in Port-au-Prince opened fire on the house of Haiti's justice minister, killing a police officer in a brazen attack that underscored the country's shaky security climate.
    (AP, 3/23/05)
2005        Mar 22, India said it has reached a basic agreement with Japan on the joint development of natural gas off the Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal.
    (AFP, 3/26/05)
2005        Mar 22, Militants targeted a US patrol with a roadside bomb that killed four nearby civilians in the northern city of Mosul. In Baghdad private citizens struck an insurgent patrol carrying grenades and killed 3 in a gun battle.
    (AP, 3/22/05)(SFC, 3/23/05, p.A3)
2005        Mar 22, Iraqi and US forces killed 80 militants in a battle west of Tikrit.
    (AP, 3/23/05)
2005        Mar 22, Israel completed its handover of the West Bank town of Tulkarem to Palestinian security control.
    (AP, 3/22/05)
2005        Mar 22, Kenzo Tange (91), Japanese architect, died. His work included the stadiums for the 1964 Tokyo Olympics.
    (SFC, 3/23/05, p.B7)
2005        Mar 22, A Jordanian military court convicted three Iraqis of smuggling rockets and hand grenades into the kingdom in connection with a plot to attack U.S. and Israeli targets.
    (AP, 3/22/05)
2005        Mar 22, Kyrgyzstan President Askar Akayev's spokesman said protests sweeping are part of a "coup" designed by criminals. The government signaled it has no intention of accepting election fraud charges that have fueled the massive rallies.
    (AP, 3/22/05)
2005        Mar 22, Nigeria’s Pres. Olusegun Obasanjo fired his education minister, Fabian Osuji, accusing him of bribing lawmakers including the Senate leader Adolphus Wabara and a string of other named senators of taking bribes totaling $398,550.
    (AP, 3/22/05)
2005        Mar 22, North Korea's Premier Pak Pong Ju began a visit to China at a time of American calls for Beijing to use its influence to prod the North back into nuclear talks.
    (AP, 3/22/05)
2005        Mar 22, Pakistan released 564 Indians, mostly fisherman, from its prisons in a goodwill gesture toward neighboring India.
    (AP, 3/22/05)

2006        Mar 22, The US government announced charges against 50 leftist Colombian guerrilla leaders in connection with shipments of $25 billion in cocaine to the US and other countries.
    (SFC, 3/23/06, p.A9)
2006        Mar 22, In Tennessee, Matthew Winkler (31), a minister at Selmer's Church of Christ, was found dead in the parsonage after he missed an evening service and church members went searching for him. On March 24 Tennessee authorities said they would charge Mary Winkler, the minister's wife with first-degree murder. In 2007 Mary Winkler was sentenced to 3 years in prison. She had testified that her husband abused her physically and emotionally.
    (AP, 3/24/06)(AP, 6/9/07)
2006        Mar 22, General Motors Corp. and the auto parts supplier it once owned, Delphi Corp., announced deals with the United Auto Workers that would offer buyouts to 13,000 hourly Delphi employees and up to 100,000 hourly GM workers represented by the United Auto Workers.
    (AP, 3/22/06)
2006        Mar 22, In Bolivia bombs exploded inside two low-budget hotels in La Paz overnight, killing two people and wounding seven. Triston Jay Amero (24), an American from Placerville, Ca., and Alda Ribeiro (45), of Uruguay, were arrested in connection with the bombings. Amero had earlier described himself as “the Superman of Loosers."
    (AP, 3/22/06)(SFC, 3/24/06, p.B12)
2006        Mar 22, In Brazil the US Embassy said agents from the US Department of Homeland Security will soon be helping Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay combat money laundering and terrorism financing.
    (AP, 3/23/06)
2006        Mar 22, A ferry carrying 150 passengers sank off the coast of Cameroon, and 23 people were rescued. The rest were feared dead. The ferry was bound for Gabon from Nigeria with passengers from Burkina Faso, Nigeria and the Ivory Coast.
    (AP, 3/23/06)(SFC, 3/24/06, p.A12)
2006        Mar 22, In Canada a BC Ferries sank in the middle of the night after hitting Gil Island near the village of Hartley Bay, on its scheduled route down the rugged British Columbia coast. 99 passengers and crew made it to lifeboats, but 2 passengers failed to escape.
    (Reuters, 3/12/08)
2006        Mar 22, In northern Chile a tour bus swerved to avoid an approaching truck and tumbled 300 feet down a mountainside, killing 12 American tourists and injuring two others.
    (AP, 3/23/06)
2006        Mar 22, An Ethiopian court dropped charges of treason, attempted genocide and other crimes against 18 people, including five Voice of America journalists, accused of attempting to overthrow the government.
    (AP, 3/22/06)
2006        Mar 22, The EU approved a first-ever joint blacklist of nearly 100 mostly African airlines considered to be unsafe, in a move spurred by a spate of fatal crashes last year. The list, effective March 25, bans 92 airlines from plying EU skies all together and puts restrictions on another three from flying certain types of airplanes into the 25-nation bloc.
    (AFP, 3/22/06)
2006        Mar 22, Pierre Clostermann (85), French fighter pilot and WW II hero, died. In 1948 he published the story of his exploits under the title “Le Grand Cirque." The English version was titled “The Big Show."
    (Econ, 4/8/06, p.85)
2006        Mar 22, Indonesia's Papua remained tense with hundreds of students hiding in the jungle to evade a police manhunt, as the death toll from riots over a US-run mine rose to six.
    (AP, 3/22/06)
2006        Mar 22, Insurgents attacked a police station for a second day in a row, but US and Iraqi forces captured 50 of them after a two-hour gunbattle.
    (AP, 3/22/06)
2006        Mar 22, Israeli troops raided the Aqwar Jaba West Bank refugee camp, killing a wanted Palestinian militant and forcing two others to surrender.
    (AP, 3/22/06)
2006        Mar 22, In Mexico Omar Pimentel (38), the police chief of the border city of Nuevo Laredo, resigned. He said he was tired from the stress of working in a city dominated by drug cartels fighting a bloody turf war.
    (AP, 3/24/06)
2006        Mar 22, In the Netherlands an appeals chamber of the UN war crimes court dropped the life sentence of Bosnian Serb Milomir Stakic and instead sentenced him to 40 years for overseeing detention camps in Bosnia.
    (AFP, 3/22/06)
2006        Mar 22, In Nigeria heavy winds ripped away much of the top nine floors of a fire-weakened building in Lagos, raining debris on mostly empty streets and leaving people on lower floors waving frantically for help.
    (AP, 3/22/06)
2006        Mar 22, The Basque separatist group ETA announced a permanent cease-fire, ending a decades-long campaign of violence and closing the door on one of Western Europe's last active armed separatist movements.
    (AP, 3/22/06)
2006        Mar 22, In Thailand a truck crashed through a railroad crossing barrier and slammed into a passenger train in Ratchaburi, causing a derailment and killing at least six people.
    (AP, 3/22/06)
2006        Mar 22, The UN gave a green light to abolish the discredited Human Rights Commission on June 16, clearing the way for the new Human Rights Council to become the UN's main rights watchdog.
    (AP, 3/22/06)
2006        Mar 22, World Water Day. The 1st WWD was designated 13 years ago by the UN General Assembly.
    (AFP, 3/22/06)

2007        Mar 22, North Carolina Sen. John Edwards and his wife Elizabeth made a joint announcement that he will continue his bid for the White House despite the recurrence of her breast cancer.
    (SFC, 3/23/07, p.A1)
2007        Mar 22, A US federal judge dealt another blow to government efforts to control Internet pornography, striking down a 1998 US law that makes it a crime for commercial Web site operators to let children access "harmful" material.
    (AP, 3/22/07)
2007        Mar 22, In southern California authorities said 5 people had been arrested for running a prostitution ring that offered sex with immigrant Chinese women.
    (SFC, 3/23/07, p.B6)
2007        Mar 22, In Hawaii Dorie-Ann Kahale and her five daughters moved from a homeless shelter to a mansion, courtesy of billionaire Genshiro Kawamoto, a Japanese real estate mogul, who is handing over eight of his multimillion-dollar homes to low-income Native Hawaiian families. Asked whether he was concerned about losing money on the effort, he laughed and said: "This is pocket money for me."
    (AP, 3/23/07)
2007        Mar 22, Missouri’s state board of education voted to take over the St. Louis school district, effective in mid-June.
    (Econ, 3/31/07, p.38)
2007        Mar 22, Fighting between Afghan forces and Taliban militants in Helmand province killed at least 49 militants and 7 police in what appears to be the biggest independent operation yet by Afghan forces. Taliban commanders tried to negotiate an end to four days of battles between Pakistani tribesmen and foreign Al-Qaeda militants that have left at least 120 dead.
    (AP, 3/22/07)(AFP, 3/22/07)(AP, 3/23/07)
2007        Mar 22, Rafik Khalifa (40), the head of a bank at the centre of Algeria's biggest corruption scandal, was sentenced in absentia to life in prison. Khalifa has been exiled in London since 2003, when hundreds of millions of dollars was discovered missing from the Khalifa Bank. Algeria has been seeking his extradition. The exiled former governor of the central bank, Abdelawahab Keramane, and five others were also sentenced in abstentia to 20 years in prison.
    (AFP, 3/22/07)
2007        Mar 22, Gordon Brown, Britain’s Chancellor of the Exchequer, said the government will grant 35 billion pounds to Northern Ireland over the next four years.
    (AP, 3/22/07)
2007        Mar 22, Counter-terrorist police in England arrested three men in connection with the 2005 suicide attacks on the London transit system. London police said a man held hostage for nine days following a dispute between drugs gangs has been freed in Liverpool in what was the longest-running kidnap they have ever dealt with.
    (AFP, 3/22/07)(AP, 3/22/08)
2007        Mar 22, In Congo heavy gunfire broke out in Kinshasa near the home of a former warlord who placed second in last fall's presidential vote. Soldiers deployed throughout the city, and residents fled in vehicles and on foot.
    (AP, 3/22/07)
2007        Mar 22, The EU approved an aviation deal with the US that opens up restricted trans-Atlantic routes to new rivals, but bowed to British concerns in delaying when the agreement takes effect. The EU said Boeing has benefited from $23.7 billion in illegal state aid, hitting back at the US in a tit-for-tat row at the World Trade Organization (WTO) over plane subsidies.
    (AP, 3/22/07)(Reuters, 3/22/07)
2007        Mar 22, France became the first country to open its files on UFOs when the national space agency unveiled a website documenting more than 1,600 sightings spanning five decades.
    (AFP, 3/22/07)
2007        Mar 22, In Iraq a rocket landed near the prime minister's office during the first visit to Iraq by the head of the UN in nearly a year and a half, sending Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon ducking unharmed behind a podium at a news conference. The US military announced that it had captured the leaders of a Shiite insurgent network "directly connected" to the killing in January of five American soldiers in Karbala by gunmen speaking English, wearing US military uniforms and carrying American weapons. The arrests of Qais Khazaali, his brother Laith Khazaali and several other members of the network took place over the past three days. In Baqouba the bullet-ridden body of a kidnapped local official and mother of three was found dumped on a city street, one day after masked gunmen stormed her house and took her away handcuffed. A US soldier was killed by a roadside bomb in the western section of Baghdad while his unit was engaged in "route clearance operations."
    (AP, 3/22/07)(AP, 3/23/07)
2007        Mar 22, A Japanese court sentenced Ryoji Miyauchi, former chief financial officer of dot-com company Livedoor, to 20 months in prison for inflating earnings reports.
    (AP, 3/22/07)
2007        Mar 22, Brian Joubert became the first Frenchman in 42 years to win the world title by taking the men's event at the World Figure Skating Championships in Tokyo.
    (AP, 3/22/08)
2007        Mar 22, Malaysia and Thailand agreed to map out a series of socio-economic measures to end rising sectarian tensions and violence in the kingdom's insurgency-wracked south.
    (AFP, 3/22/07)
2007        Mar 22, In Mozambique an explosion at a weapons depot in a densely populated neighborhood of Maputo killed at least 96 people and left more than 400 injured, many of them children.
    (AP, 3/23/07)
2007        Mar 22, Talks on halting North Korea's nuclear program broke down abruptly on with the country's chief nuclear envoy flying home after a dispute over money frozen in a Macau bank could not be resolved.
    (AP, 3/22/07)
2007        Mar 22, In Pakistan lawyers held fresh protests over the removal of the chief justice, as an inquiry into the beating of attorneys by police at another demonstration got under way. Pakistan successfully test-fired a nuclear-capable cruise missile with the capability to avoid radar detection.
    (AFP, 3/22/07)(AP, 3/22/07)
2007        Mar 22, South Korea said it would build a park in memory of victims of the U.S. Army's mass killing of South Korean refugees at the village of No Gun Ri.
    (AP, 3/22/07)
2007        Mar 22, Somali and Ethiopian troops battled insurgents for a second day in Mogadishu. The Somali government said Al-Qaeda has named Aden Hashi Ayro, a ruthless Islamist commander, as its leader in Mogadishu.
    (AP, 3/22/07)(AFP, 3/22/07)
2007        Mar 22, Smugglers taking illegal migrants from Somalia to Yemen forced hundreds of Africans overboard in stormy seas in an effort to make a fast getaway from security forces. 31 bodies were found and nearly 90 people remained missing.
    (AP, 3/27/07)
2007        Mar 22, Sudan temporarily suspended 52 non-governmental organizations working in Darfur as the new UN humanitarian chief began his first visit to the country, hoping to win aid groups better access to the region.
    (AP, 3/22/07)
2007        Mar 22, Zimbabwe's Catholic Archbishop Pius Ncube urged his countrymen to stand up to the iron-fisted government of President Robert Mugabe. State-media reported that the Zimbabwean government has urged African nations to join hands to fight domination by powerful Western countries. A Harare court ruled that injured activists could seek treatment abroad.
    (AFP, 3/22/07)(Reuters, 3/22/07)

2008        Mar 22, Michael Kassel (54), San Francisco blues musician (the Hellhounds) poet known as Vampyre Mike, died after a long illness. His books included “Graveyard Golf" and “Going for the Low Blow."
    (SSFC, 4/20/08, p.B6)
2008        Mar 22, Israel Lopez, Cuban bassist and composer known as “Cachao," died in Miami. He is credited with pioneering the mambo style of music (1937). In 1993 Andy Garcia, a Cuban American actor, made a documentary of Cachao’s career.
    (SSFC, 3/23/08, p.A2)
2008        Mar 22, Afghan and international forces killed over 40 Taliban militants in an air and ground strike in Uruzgan province. 2 coalition soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 3/23/08)(SFC, 3/24/08, p.A12)
2008        Mar 22, In Bangladesh an emergency official said a tropical storm has killed at least five people. The storm also leveled around 3,000 huts.
    (AP, 3/22/08)
2008        Mar 22, The population of Botswana numbered about 1.8 million.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.74)
2008        Mar 22, China said 19 people died in riots in the Tibetan capital last week and official media warned against the unrest spreading to the northwest region of Xinjiang, where Uighur Muslims bridle under Chinese control. Exiled Tibetans claim as many as 100 have died in the protests which spilled over this week into neighboring ethnic-Tibetan areas.
    (Reuters, 3/22/08)
2008        Mar 22, More than 500 African Union troops arrived on the Comoros island of Moheli to join local forces massed for a military offensive to retake the rebel island of Anjouan.
    (AFP, 3/22/08)
2008        Mar 22, The population of the Union of Comoros was about 840,000.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.55)
2008        Mar 22, Population if Djibouti was about 800,000.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.55)
2008        Mar 22, Egyptian and European archeologists announced they had discovered a giant statue of Queen Tiy, the wife of 18th dynasty Pharaoh Amenhotep III, on the south Egypt site of the Colossi of Memnon.
    (AFP, 3/22/08)
2008        Mar 22, Eighteen Ukrainian sailors were missing after their tug boat sank off the Hong Kong coast following a collision with a cargo ship. 7 people were rescued. On Dec 13, 2010, a Hong Kong court convicted four seamen over the deaths of the 18 Ukrainian sailors.
    (Reuters, 3/23/08)(AFP, 1/13/10)
2008        Mar 22, A US airstrike struck two checkpoints manned by US-allied Sunni fighters in Samarra, killing six and injuring two. A suicide bomber drove a truck laden with explosives into the home of the mayor in Samarra. 3 security guards were killed and four others injured. A bomb exploded on a minibus in a predominantly Shiite area of eastern Baghdad, killing at least one passenger and injuring 8. An awakening council member in western Baghdad's Mansour neighborhood was killed and four others were injured in a mortar blast. A roadside bomb targeting a police patrol killed one passer-by and injured 7, in the northern city of Kirkuk. A roadside bombing northwest of Baghdad killed 3 US soldiers and two Iraqi civilians.
    (AP, 3/22/08)(AP, 3/23/08)
2008        Mar 22, Magdi Allam (55), Italy's most prominent Muslim, converted to Catholicism in a baptism by the pope at a Vatican Easter service. The iconoclastic writer has condemned Islamic extremism and defended Israel.
    (AP, 3/22/08)
2008        Mar 22, US Vice President Dick Cheney completing a two-day stay in Saudi Arabia, discussed ways to stabilize the energy market with Saudi King Abdullah.
    (AP, 3/22/08)
2008        Mar 22, In southern Sudan two World Food Program (WFP) drivers on their way to the oil-rich Abyei state were stabbed to death by six assailants.
    (Reuters, 3/26/08)
2008        Mar 22, Ma Ying-jeou (57), Taiwan's opposition candidate of the KMT, cruised to victory in the presidential election, promising to expand economic ties with China while protecting the island from being swallowed up politically by its giant communist neighbor. Ma, a Harvard-educated lawyer and a former mayor of Taipei, won 58% of the votes compared to 41.5% for DPP challenger Frank Hsieh. The official Central Election Commission said Taiwan's two referendums on joining the UN have failed.
    (AP, 3/22/08)(Econ, 3/29/08, p.54)
2008        Mar 22, In Turkey dozens of people were injured and scores detained as police used truncheons and tear gas to break up violent Kurdish protests in several eastern cities.
    (AP, 3/22/08)

2009        Mar 22, In Montana a single-engine turboprop airplane crashed just short of Butte’s Bert Mooney Airport, killing all 14 people aboard, including 7 children. The aircraft had departed from Oroville, Calif., and the pilot had filed a flight plan showing a destination of Bozeman.
    (AP, 3/23/09)
2009        Mar 22, Frank Bogert (1910), long time mayor of Palm Springs, Ca., died. He was elected to the City Council as a Republican in 1958 and was appointed major. He stepped down after 9 years in office and in 1992 became the city’s first elected mayor.
    (WSJ, 4/4/09, p.A4)
2009        Mar 22, Afghan and US-led coalition troops killed five suspected militants during a raid in northern Kunduz province. But the local mayor said his house was targeted and that the dead included his cook and driver. A rocket slammed into the main NATO military base at Kandahar airfield, killing a contractor and wounding six others. 2 NATO soldiers were killed in a "hostile incident" in the same region.
    (AP, 3/22/09)(AP, 3/23/09)
2009        Mar 22, In Australia warring bikers brawled through the Sidney airport, beating one suspected gang member to death and brandishing metal poles "like swords" as they rampaged through the main domestic terminal in front of terrified travelers. Anthony Zervas (29) was bludgeoned to death with a crowd control barrier pole during the fracas. On June 30 Mahmoud "Mick" Hawi (29), head of the Comanchero motorcycle gang, was charged with murder.
    (AP, 3/22/09)(AFP, 6/30/09)
2009        Mar 22, In England a murder hunt started with the discovery of a victim's left leg and foot on the side of a Hertfordshire road. By Apr 11 all other body parts were found except for the man’s hands.
    (AFP, 4/13/09)
2009        Mar 22, British reality television star Jade Goody (27) died in her sleep, after a very public battle with cervical cancer.
    (AFP, 3/22/09)(Econ, 3/28/09, p.98)
2009        Mar 22, In India the Election Commission found Varun Gandhi (29), the great-grandson of India's first prime minister, guilty of hate speech and inciting violence against Muslims. He was filmed on March 16 comparing a rival Muslim politician to Osama Bin Laden and threatening to cut the throats of Muslims during two political rallies earlier this month.
    (AP, 3/23/09)(Econ, 4/4/09, p.46)
2009        Mar 22, Macedonia held elections. The governing party's Gjorgje Ivanov (49) emerged as favorite to win the presidency in an April 5 runoff vote against 51-year-old Social Democrat Ljubomir Frckoski.
    (AP, 3/23/09)
2009        Mar 22, In Mexico gunmen killed Edgar Garcia, a state police commander in charge of investigating kidnappings and extortion in the western state of Michoacan.
    (AP, 3/23/09)
2009        Mar 22, In Pakistan Iftikhar Mohammed Chaudhry, the chief justice whose ouster spurred waves of protests that led to a president's downfall, returned to work, while the ruling party and opposition resolved to cooperate despite their own clash over his reinstatement.
    (AP, 3/22/09)
2009        Mar 22, A group of Saudi clerics urged the kingdom's new information minister to ban women from appearing on TV or in newspapers and magazines, making clear that the country's hardline religious establishment is skeptical of a new push toward moderation.
    (AP, 3/22/09)
2009        Mar 22, Off the coast of Somalia pirates fired rocket-propelled grenades and automatic weapons at Japanese, Greek and Hong Kong cargo ships but fled after the ships took evasive maneuvers.
    (AP, 3/23/09)
2009        Mar 22, In South Africa the Sunday Independent said the Chinese embassy in South Africa had confirmed its government had appealed to South Africa not to allow the Dalai Lama into the country for a peace conference on March 27. Archbishop Tutu threatened to pull out of the meeting and to demand an explanation from the authorities. On March 24 organizers postponed the South African peace conference of Nobel laureates after the government denied a visa to Tibet's spiritual leader the Dalai Lama.
    (AP, 3/22/09)(AP, 3/24/09)
2009        Mar 22, In Sri Lanka the military said it had killed two rebel leaders during fighting in the northeast of the island, where the LTTE guerrillas are cornered.
    (AFP, 3/22/09)
2009        Mar 22, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, who has for years funneled state oil income into sweeping social programs, vowed to cut nonessential state spending and order a review of top officials' salaries as oil income plunges. Chavez also called President Barack Obama "ignorant," saying he has a lot to learn about Latin America.
    (AP, 3/22/09)

2010        Mar 22, In Maryland Renee Bowman (44) was sentenced to 2 consecutive life terms for killing her two adopted daughters and storing their bodies in a freezer. She had continued to collect subsidies paid to adoptive parents of special needs children.
    (SFC, 3/23/10, p.A7)
2010        Mar 22, Google announced that its China search engine, google.cn, would automatically redirect queries to its service in China's semiautonomous territory of Hong Kong, where Google is not legally required to censor searches.
    (AP, 3/23/10)
2010        Mar 22, US scientist Rita Colwell (76) won the $150,000 Stockholm Water Prize for her research on the prevention of cholera and other waterborne diseases.
    (AP, 3/22/10)
2010        Mar 22, The radio of Spirit, NASA’s Mars rover, fell silent. In 2011 engineers gave up trying to re-establish contact.
    (SFC, 5/26/11, p.A10)
2010        Mar 22, Afghan President Hamid Karzai met a senior delegation from the insurgent group Hezb-i-Islami in Kabul, an unprecedented step toward peace that may signal divisions within the insurgency. NATO reported two more service members were killed in separate explosions in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 3/22/10)
2010        Mar 22, West African farmers appealed for help as drought and famine menaced people and livestock, with malnutrition already affecting nearly a third of the population. Leaders of the nine countries in the Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (CILSS) planned to meet in N’Djamena on March 25.
    (AFP, 3/23/10)
2010        Mar 22, British Airways cabin crew held a 3rd day of strike action, prolonging travel misery for thousands. A business group warned the action threatens Britain's global reputation.
    (AP, 3/22/10)
2010        Mar 22, In China four executives of Australia mining giant Rio Tinto pleaded guilty in Shanghai to taking bribes.
    (SFC, 3/23/10, p.D3)
2010        Mar 22, Sandstorms whipping across China shrouded cities in an unhealthy cloud of sand and grit, with winds carrying the pollution outside the mainland as far as Hong Kong and Taiwan.
    (AP, 3/22/10)
2010        Mar 22, Dubai Media reported that authorities planned to step up enforcement of a 2003 law prohibiting restaurants from using booze in food preparation.
    (AP, 3/22/10)
2010        Mar 22, Former US Presidents George W. Bush and Bill Clinton visited Haiti’s capital to raise aid and investment in the country reeling from the Jan 12 earthquake.
    (SFC, 3/23/10, p.A2)
2010        Mar 22, In Iraq 4 people were killed, including two policemen, in shootings in Baghdad.
    (AFP, 3/22/10)
2010        Mar 22, Israeli forces mistakenly shot and killed a fellow soldier while looking for three Palestinians who crossed the border from the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 3/22/10)
2010        Mar 22, Japan deported Abubakar Awudu Suraj, a Ghanaian who had lived illegally in Japan for 22 years and was married to a Japanese citizen. Suraj was forced onto a plane for Cairo and died shortly after his forced boarding.
    (Econ, 5/15/10, p.48)
2010        Mar 22, In Mexico the pre-dawn discovery of two bodies cut into pieces and shoved into two black bags brought a tragic end to a search for two missing police officers in southern Guerrero state. In the nearby resort of Acapulco, police later found another two mutilated bodies and a threatening message outside the house of the city's former deputy traffic police chief.
    (AP, 3/22/10)
2010        Mar 22, In Mexico Paulette Gebara Farah (4), a disabled girl, was reported missing by her parents. On March 30 Her body was found under the mattress of her bed at her wealthy parents' apartment on the outskirts of Mexico City. On May 21 federal investigators she had smothered accidentally and was there the whole time police and family were hunting for her.
    (AP, 4/1/10)(AP, 5/21/10)
2010        Mar 22, In Nigeria the Magajin Gari Sharia court in the northern city of Kaduna ordered the Civil Rights Congress (CRC), one of the country's leading rights groups, to suspend its Twitter and Facebook online debates on Malam Buba Bello Jangebe’s wrist amputation for theft, which was carried out in 2000.
    (AFP, 3/23/10)
2010        Mar 22, In southwestern Pakistan a roadside bomb exploded in Quetta, killing one person and injuring three more in an attack that police blamed on ethnic militants.
    (AP, 3/22/10)
2010        Mar 22, In Venezuela former Zulia state Gov. Oswaldo Alvarez Paz, an outspoken opponent of President Hugo Chavez, said that police have taken him into custody while he awaits trial on conspiracy charges for saying Venezuela has become a haven for drug trafficking.
    (AP, 3/23/10)

2011        Mar 22, World Water Day. The int’l observance of World Water Day is an initiative that grew out of the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro. The web site www.worldwaterday.org started in 2001 as a community space and repository where people can upload their WWD event activities and reports.
    (Econ, 3/26/11, p.52)(www.worldwaterday.org/)
2011        Mar 22, US President Barack Obama wrapped up a visit to Chile and departed for El Salvador, the third and final stop of his Latin America tour. In El Salvador Obama promised increasing trade and economic growth, fighting drug trafficking and creating work opportunities. In 2012 it was reported that Secret Service employees took prostitutes to their hotel rooms ahead of Obama’s visit to El Salvador.
    (AFP, 3/22/11)(SFC, 3/23/11, p.A3)(SFC, 4/27/12, p.A6)
2011        Mar 22, US census data showed that Detroit’s population plunged by 25%, 237,500 people, over the past decade.
    (SFC, 3/23/11, p.A4)
2011        Mar 22, In Georgia officer Elmer Christian was shot and killed as he tried to apprehend Jamie Hood (33) in connection with a carjacking and kidnapping in West Athens. Hood released 5 hostages and was arrested on March 25 in an operation that was broadcast live.
    (SSFC, 3/27/11, p.A14)
2011        Mar 22, In Kentucky the bodies of Gary and Barbara Holloway were found in Edmonton. They were shot and killed by a related boy (15) whose mother could not control him. The boy stole their car and fled with a girlfriend (12) before he was caught by police.
    (SFC, 3/24/11, p.A6)
2011        Mar 22, In central Pennsylvania 5 people were killed in an apartment fire in Altoona.
    (SFC, 3/23/11, p.A4)
2011        Mar 22, Afghan Pres. Karzai said that his nation's security forces will take over from the US-led coalition in seven parts of the country, a first step toward his goal of having Afghan police and soldiers in charge by the end of 2014 so foreign combat troops can go home.
    (AP, 3/22/11)
2011        Mar 22, The British government said it would opt in a European Union directive on human trafficking, days after the country saw its first case of "modern-day slavery" involving a woman trafficked from Tanzania.
    (AFP, 3/22/11)
2011        Mar 22, China called for an immediate cease-fire in Libya.
    (AP, 3/22/11)
2011        Mar 22, In Egypt the Interior Ministry in Cairo was set on fire during a protest by police officers demanding more pay and better working conditions. The fire largely gutted one wing of the 7-story building.
    (SFC, 3/23/11, p.A2)
2011        Mar 22, France's foreign ministry said that NATO would provide support to military intervention by the Western-led coalition in Libya when the US scales back its participation.
    (Reuters, 3/22/11)
2011        Mar 22, A German court jailed Detlef Spies, a former lorry driver, for 14 and a half years for sexually abusing his daughter, stepson and stepdaughter, with whom he fathered eight children. Spies was arrested on August 10, 2010.
    (AFP, 3/22/11)
2011        Mar 22, An Israeli court ordered former Israeli President Moshe Katsav to prison for seven years following a rape conviction, rejecting his attorneys' request for leniency and making him the highest-ranking Israeli official ever sentenced to jail.
    (AP, 3/22/11)
2011        Mar 22, The Israeli military struck a series of Palestinian militant targets in the Gaza Strip, damaging smuggling tunnels and suspected weapons sites. Palestinian officials said 19 people were wounded. The shelling killed 3 children and their uncle and wounded 13 other family members as they played soccer in a backyard.
    (AP, 3/22/11)(SFC, 3/23/11, p.A2)
2011        Mar 22, Japanese crews connected all six reactors at the troubled Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear plant to the electrical grid, a day after smoke triggered an evacuation from the facility. But the plant's operator cautioned that pumps, motors and other equipment must be checked before the power can be turned on. It's likely to be days or weeks before cooling systems can resume functioning. A Japanese nuclear safety official said a pool for storing spent fuel at the crippled nuclear plant is heating up, with temperatures around the boiling point. Police said nearly 9,100 people are dead after an earthquake and tsunami with almost 13,800 are missing.
    (AP, 3/22/11)  
2011        Mar 22, In Libya Moammar Gadhafi's forces shelled rebels regrouping in the desert dunes outside Ajdabiya, a strategic eastern city. Gadhafi's snipers and tanks roamed the streets of Misrata, the last major opposition-held city in the west, signaling a prolonged battle ahead. 2 dozen Tomahawk cruise missiles were launched from US and British submarines in the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 3/22/11)
2011        Mar 22, In Mexico’s western state of Michoacan unidentified gunmen killed Jose Luis Guerrero, the police chief of the town of La Piedad as he headed home. He was the third police chief killed so far this year in Michoacan.
    (AP, 3/24/11)
2011        Mar 22, Philippine lawmakers overwhelmingly impeached Ombudsman Merceditas Gutierrez, the country's chief corruption investigator, long accused of protecting former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo from prosecution.
    (AP, 3/22/11)
2011        Mar 22, Somalia said that pro-government troops have made "remarkable" gains during an offensive in Mogadishu over the last 2 days, where the latest fighting killed at least 7 people.
    (AP, 3/22/11)
2011        Mar 22, Spain's Parliament overwhelmingly approved the prime minister's decision to take part in the US-led coalition enforcing a no-fly zone over Libya.
    (AP, 3/22/11)
2011        Mar 22, In Syria Gov. Faisal Kalthoum was fired from his position in Daraa. A deadly government crackdown in the southern city of has Daraa left 7 people dead in 3 days of unrest.
    (AP, 3/22/11)
2011        Mar 22, In Venezuela new rules authorizing the military to distribute weapons to pro-government militias took effect, raising concern among critics who say the armed groups could be used by President Hugo Chavez to cement his hold on power.
    (AP, 3/22/11)
2011        Mar 22, Yemen's embattled US-backed President Ali Abdullah Saleh pledged to step down more than a year early but refused to immediately resign, infuriating tens of thousands of demonstrators demanding his ouster. More military and political defections increased the pressure on Saleh to step down.
    (AP, 3/22/11)(AFP, 3/22/11)

2012        Mar 22, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said the West will subsidize Afghan security forces by more than $4 billion a year after US-led troops leave in 2014, implicitly accepting a cut in the planned size of his military. Western officials said no final agreements had been reached. In Kandahar a suicide car bomber blew himself up at a security checkpoint outside a police station, killing two children nearby.
    (AFP, 3/22/12)(AP, 3/22/12)
2012        Mar 22, Australia police captured Malcolm Naden (38) just after midnight at a remote house near the town of Gloucester. The former slaughterhouse worker has been charged with the 2005 strangling death of a cousin and other violent crimes.
    (AP, 3/22/12)
2012        Mar 22, Britain’s ruling Conservatives were pilloried as a party pandering to millionaires and slapping a "Granny Tax" on pensioners in a budget they defended as a spur to economic growth.
    (Reuters, 3/22/12)
2012        Mar 22, Deaths from liver disease have risen 25 percent in England in less than a decade, mainly due to increased alcohol consumption, a study revealed. Alcohol-related liver disease accounted for over a third (37 percent) of the deaths, according to the National End of Life Care Intelligence Network report.
    (AFP, 3/22/12)
2012        Mar 22, China said it will abolish the transplanting of organs from executed prisoners within five years and try to spur more citizens to donate.
    (AP, 3/22/12)
2012        Mar 22, In China 17 miners were trapped in a northeast colliery following a gas blast that left five dead in Liaoning province. Last week, 13 people died after a capsule plunged into a pit at an iron ore mine in eastern China after a steel rope holding it broke.
    (AFP, 3/23/12)
2012        Mar 22, A dispute between Egypt and Gaza's Hamas government has produced the worst energy crisis here in years: Gazans are enduring 18-hour-a-day blackouts, fuel is running low for hospital backup generators, raw sewage pours into the Mediterranean Sea for lack of treatment pumps and gas stations have shut down. The Gaza power plant shut down on Feb. 10 and has been mostly offline since.
    (AP, 3/22/12)
2012        Mar 22, In France Mohamed Merah shot at police with a Colt .45 handgun and was killed with a bullet to the head as he jumped from a balcony following a 32-hour siege in Toulousse.
    (AFP, 3/22/12)
2012        Mar 22, The Indian government scrapped plans to hike most rail fares, underscoring the Congress-led coalition's growing difficulties in implementing tough policy decisions.
    (AFP, 3/22/12)
2012        Mar 22, India said it has barred its airlines from complying with the EU’s carbon taxation scheme, with the government saying no Indian carrier would share emissions data with the EU. The EU has directed Indian carriers to submit emission details of their aircraft by March 31, 2012. China decided last month to ban its airlines from complying with the EU directive. Over two dozen countries, including Russia and the United States, have opposed the EU move, calling it a violation of international law.
    (AFP, 3/23/12)
2012        Mar 22, In Indian Kashmir a suspected rebel died and 25 by-standers were injured when explosives that he was carrying in his car detonated by accident.
    (AFP, 3/22/12)
2012        Mar 22, In Ireland the Mahon Tribunal published a 3,270 page report on corruption in the planning process in Dublin. It said corruption was endemic up to the late 1990s.
    (Econ, 3/31/12, p.62)
2012        Mar 22, Libya restored full diplomatic relations with Iraq and plans to send an ambassador to Baghdad more than eight years after cutting off ties.
    (AFP, 3/23/12)
2012        Mar 22, In Mali rebel soldiers calling themselves the National Committee for the Establishment of Democracy seized control of the capital overnight because of the government's "inability" to tackle terrorism and put down a Tuareg-led insurrection in the north. The coup sparked wide international condemnation and calls for reinstatement of the elected government of President Amadou Tomani Toure. Captain Amadou Sanogo declared a national curfew as the rebels announced all borders had been closed until further notice. The World Bank and the African Development Bank said they were suspending development aid to Mali.
    (AFP, 3/22/12)(AFP, 3/23/12)
2012        Mar 22, The hacker group Anonymous in Mexico crashed at least two of the websites for Pope Benedict XVI's upcoming visit, claiming the papal visit is a political move to support the conservative National Action party.
    (AP, 3/22/12)
2012        Mar 22, In northwest Pakistan a bomb hidden inside a radio exploded on a military base in South Waziristan, killing a paramilitary soldier and his 10-year-old son as they were listening to the Asia Cup cricket final between Pakistan and Bangladesh. 3 other children were wounded.
    (AP, 3/23/12)
2012        Mar 22, Russia’s Lukoil signed a $1 billion deal with South Korea's Samsung Engineering to develop Iraq's second-biggest oil field, in which the energy giant has a majority stake.
    (AFP, 3/22/12)
2012        Mar 22, Saudi Arabia media reports said single men in Riyadh will be able to visit shopping malls during peak hours after Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz eased restrictions aimed at stopping harassment of women.
    (AFP, 3/22/12)
2012        Mar 22, In Syria fierce clashes erupted with a busload of fleeing civilians among dozens killed. The army attacked a string of towns, while rebel fighters struck military posts in several provinces and announced a command structure to coordinate hit-and-run strikes in and around Damascus.
    (AFP, 3/22/12)
2012        Mar 22, Turkish PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan on urged UEFA to award his country the right to host the 2020 European football championships.
    (AFP, 3/22/12)
2012        Mar 22, Ugandan police restricted the movements of opposition leader Kizza Besigye after a police officer died in a violent clash a day earlier between his supporters and the police.
    (AP, 3/22/12)
2012        Mar 22, UN envoy Michael von der Schulenburg called on the impoverished Sierra Leone government to explain why it imported several million dollars worth of assault weapons last January for a police paramilitary wing. A leaked shipping bill indicated the arms included machine guns and even grenade launchers.
    (AFP, 3/22/12)
2012        Mar 22, The UN Human Rights Council passed a resolution urging Sri Lanka to conduct a credible investigation into alleged war crimes committed during its battle against Tamil Tiger separatists in 2009.
    (AFP, 3/22/12)
2012        Mar 22, Yemeni navy ships shelled suspected al-Qaida positions in the southern province of Abyan, killing 29 militants around Zinjibar.
    (AP, 3/23/12)

2013        Mar 22, The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) said it will close 149 air traffic control towers at small airports across the country beginning on April 7 as it copes with automatic federal spending cuts.
    (Reuters, 3/22/13)
2013        Mar 22, In Alabama Luke Bresette (10) was killed at the Birmingham-Shuttlesworth Int’l. Airport when a flight information panel fell on a family from Kansas.
    (SSFC, 3/24/13, p.A8)
2013        Mar 22, The owners of San Francisco's Palace Hotel removed the famous 1909 Maxfield Parish Pied Piper painting that has graced the hotel's main bar for over a century and plan to sell it at auction.
    (http://tinyurl.com/cnkh4ed)
2013        Mar 22, North Dakota lawmakers took a step toward outlawing abortion altogether in the state by passing a so-called personhood resolution that says a fertilized egg has the same right to life as a person. The House's approval sends the matter to voters, who will decide whether to add the wording to the state's constitution in November 2014.
    (AP, 3/23/13)
2013        Mar 22, In Belgium Kim De Gelder (24) was convicted and sentenced to life in prison, despite concerns about his mental condition, for four murders, including the slashing deaths of two babies at a day care center in 2009.
    (AP, 3/22/13)
2013        Mar 22, Brazilian police surrounded an old Indian museum complex next to Rio de Janeiro's legendary Maracana football stadium in a bid to expel a group of indigenous people and their supporters to make way for works related to the World Cup.
    (AP, 3/22/13)
2013        Mar 22, A British judge upheld a decision to ban a Christian group from placing adverts on London buses that suggested people could be cured of homosexuality.
    (AP, 3/22/13)
2013        Mar 22, US officials in Beijing for two days of talks to lobby China on enforcement of new UN sanctions against North Korea said that they were heartened by Chinese expressions of resolve. Spurring Beijing to cooperate, the US officials said, is a concern that North Korean behavior had begun threatening China's interests in a region vital to its economic and security.
    (AP, 3/23/13)
2013        Mar 22, Cyprus lawmakers approved 3 key bills aiming to secure a broader bailout package and stave off imminent bankruptcy.
    (SFC, 3/23/13, p.A3)
2013        Mar 22, Thousands of Egyptian protesters clashed with riot police and backers of the president's Muslim Brotherhood, ransacking several offices nationwide as anger over allegations of beatings and power-grabbing boiled over into the largest and most violent demonstrations yet on the doorstep of the powerful group.
    (AP, 3/22/13)
2013        Mar 22, In Egypt a Bedouin taxi driver said he was driving two tourists, an Israeli-Arab tourist and a Norwegian female, to the popular Red Sea diving site of Dahab when gunmen ambushed his vehicle and captured them. Ingvild Selvik Ask (31) and Amir Hassan were released on March 26.
    (AP, 3/22/13)(AP, 3/26/13)
2013        Mar 22, In Greece at least 11 Albanian inmates escaped from a prison near Trikala after gunmen brazenly attacked the site with grenades and automatic weapons, kicking off a nightlong standoff between police and prisoners. Two were soon captured.
    (AP, 3/23/13)
2013        Mar 22, In Iraq a police officer gunmen fatally shot Hussein Muslah, local leader of a militia opposed to al-Qaida, and his sons as they left their house in a village near Dujail.
    (AP, 3/22/13)
2013        Mar 22, In Ireland Patrick McCabe (77), a former Catholic priest who had worked in California, was sentenced to 18 month in prison for assaulting two boys decades ago in Ireland. McCabe was soon released based on his age and statements of contrition and the fact that he had already served 21 months of a maximum 2-year sentence.
    (SFC, 3/23/13, p.C2)(SFC, 3/26/13, p.A2)
2013        Mar 22, Israel and Turkey agreed to restore full diplomatic relations after PM Benjamin Netanyahu apologized in a phone call for a deadly naval raid against a Gaza-bound international flotilla in a dramatic turnaround partly brokered by President Barack Obama.
    (AP, 3/22/13)
2013        Mar 22, President Barack Obama wrapped up a 3-day visit to Israel paying respects to the nation's heroes and to victims of the Holocaust and solemnly reaffirming the Jewish state's right to exist.
    (AP, 3/22/13)
2013        Mar 22, Italy's Pres. Giorgio Napolitano tapped center-left leader Pier Luigi Bersani to form a new government following national elections that produced no clear winner.
    (AP, 3/22/13)
2013        Mar 22, Italy returned Marines Massimiliano Latorre and Salvatore Girone to India to face murder charges in the shooting deaths of two fishermen, reversing a decision that escalated diplomatic tensions.
    (AP, 3/22/13)
2013        Mar 22, Lebanon’s PM Najib Mikati submitted his resignation.
    (Econ, 3/30/13, p.47)
2013        Mar 22, In Lebanon gunmen who support and oppose Syrian President Bashar Assad clashed in the northern city of Tripoli, leaving six people dead and more than 20 wounded.
    (AP, 3/23/13)
2013        Mar 22, Myanmar's president declared a state of emergency in the central city of Meikhtila shaken by sectarian bloodshed that killed 44 people. Thousands of minority Muslims fled and overwhelmed riot police crisscrossed the still-burning town seizing machetes and hammers from enraged Buddhist mobs.
    (AP, 3/22/13)(SSFC, 7/21/13, p.A2)
2013        Mar 22, In Nigeria gunmen attacked the remote town of Ganye in the northeast freeing 120 inmates. The assailants also attacked a bank and a drinking spot killing 25 people.
    (AP, 3/24/13)
2013        Mar 22, Oman sate news said Sultan Qaboos bin Said has pardoned all activists jailed for offending the nation's ruler or joining protests.
    (Reuters, 3/22/13)
2013        Mar 22, In southwestern Pakistan a bomb hidden in a rickshaw exploded outside a bus terminal near a busy bazar in Jafarabad, killing at least nine people and wounding 40. The explosion came hours after a US drone targeted a vehicle in Datta Khel village, North Waziristan, killing three suspected militants.
    (AP, 3/22/13)
2013        Mar 22, Rwandan-born warlord Bosco Ntaganda was taken into custody by the International Criminal Court (ICC) and was flown to The Hague to stand trial on charges of overseeing atrocities in eastern Congo a decade ago.
    (AP, 3/22/13)
2013        Mar 22, Spain’s restructuring fund, the FROB, imposed haircuts of up to 61% as it turned junior debt and preference shares in 4 nationalized banks (Bankia, Catalunya Banc, Banco Gallego, and NCG Banco) into equity.
    (Econ, 3/30/13, p.72)

2014        Mar 22, The US Navy handed over to Libyan authorities the M/T Morning Glory oil tanker it intercepted after the vessel took to sea with crude illegally loaded at a rebel-held port.
    (AFP, 3/22/14)
2014        Mar 22, In southwestern Colorado a small plane crashed into the Ridgeway Reservoir. On March 24 the bodies of 5 people were found in the wreckage.
    (SFC, 3/24/14, p.A6)(SFC, 3/25/14, p.A5)
2014        Mar 22, In Texas a barge began leaking oil into the Houston Ship Channel after colliding with a bulk carrier near Texas City at the mouth of Galveston Bay.
    (Reuters, 3/23/14)
2014        Mar 22, In Washington state a rain-drenched landslide hit midday near the town of Oso, about 55 miles north of Seattle. 27 people were believed killed with 30 left missing. At least six homes were destroyed when the slide blocked the North Fork of the Stillaguamish River. On July 22 searchers pulled the last missing body from the landslide that killed 43.
    (Reuters, 3/23/14)(AFP, 3/24/14)(Reuters, 3/27/14)(AFP, 3/30/14)(SFC, 7/23/14, p.A7)
2014        Mar 22, In eastern Australia 5 people were killed after a light plane used for skydiving crashed at an airfield in Queensland.
    (AFP, 3/22/14)
2014        Mar 22, Britain’s Scotland Yard arrested three boys after Shereka Fab-Ann Marsh (15) was shot dead in east London. On March 24 one boy (15) was charged with her murder. The two other boys (16) were released.
    (AFP, 3/23/14)(AFP, 3/24/14)
2014        Mar 22, A satellite image released by China offered the latest sign that wreckage from a Malaysia Airlines plane lost on March 8 could be in a remote stretch of the southern Indian Ocean.
    (AP, 3/22/14)
2014        Mar 22, In France two masked robbers wielding a pump gun and an axe burst into the Colette boutique in the heart of Paris, making off with about 600,000 euros worth of goods from the trendy concept store.
    (AFP, 3/22/14)
2014        Mar 22, Indian police arrested Zia Ur Rahman, a Pakistani bomb maker, along with three associates in Rajasthan. Police said Rehman helped the Indian Mujahideen, an Indian terror group blamed for a series of bombings in the nation's cities.
    (AP, 3/23/14)(Reuters, 3/23/14)
2014        Mar 22, Indonesia police said they arrested three suspected Islamic extremists last week after intercepting a bomb shipment intended to attack brothels. The arrests included Ambo Intang, who was sought for his alleged involvement in the 2012 killings of two policemen in in the Central Sulawesi district of Poso.
    (AP, 3/22/14)
2014        Mar 22, In Iraq a series of attacks killed 15 members of the security forces and civilians in areas north of Baghdad. A police officer was killed in a relatively rare attack in the port city of Basra, while security forces reopened a key highway after retaking a village from militants.
    (AP, 3/22/14)(AFP, 3/22/14)
2014        Mar 22, In Iraq a presidential guard, a captain in the Kurdish peshmerga forces, shot dead Mohammed Bidaiwi, a senior Iraqi journalist, during an argument in Baghdad and then fled, briefly sparking a standoff in which PM Nuri al-Maliki demanded he be handed over.
    (AFP, 3/22/14)
2014        Mar 22, Israeli forces shot and killed Hamza Abu Alhija (24), a wanted Hamas Islamist militant, and two other militants dead in a raid on a home in the West Bank town of Jenin.
    (Reuters, 3/22/14)
2014        Mar 22, Libyan rebels occupying oil ports clashed with troops when they attacked an army base, wounding 16 people before tribal leaders brokered an end to the fighting.
    (Reuters, 3/22/14)
2014        Mar 22, The Netherlands-based ICC said Charles Ble Goude, wanted by the International Criminal Court in connection with a wave of violence after Ivory Coast's 2010 elections, is in its court's custody and is on his way to its jail in The Hague.
    (Reuters, 3/22/14)
2014        Mar 22, In Nigeria suspected Islamist militants detonated a bomb late today in a crowded northeastern marketplace killing at least 20 people in Bama, Borno state.
    (Reuters, 3/23/14)
2014        Mar 22, In Pakistan a multi-vehicle collision involving two trucks and two passenger buses on a coastal highway in the southwest killed 35 people and injured 20.
    (AP, 3/22/14)
2014        Mar 22, Philippines security forces arrested the country's top communist leaders, a week ahead of the 45th anniversary of the group's armed struggle when it is expected to launch attacks on government targets.
    (Reuters, 3/22/14)
2014        Mar 22, Spanish police detained 24 people during street violence late today following a large anti-austerity demonstration in Madrid in which dozens were injured.
    (AFP, 3/23/14)
2014        Mar 22, In Sudan some 300 gunmen attacked and burned a camp for displaced people in the Darfur region, adding to an upsurge of suspected militia violence which has wreaked havoc. At least one person was killed.
    (AFP, 3/24/14)
2014        Mar 22, In Syria fighting raged between rebels and loyalist forces in northern Latakia province.
    (AFP, 3/22/14)
2014        Mar 22, Turkish authorities sought to tighten a clampdown on Twitter after social media users easily evaded the government's attempt to block access to the service.
    (AP, 3/22/14)
2014        Mar 22, Uganda said at least 107 people were killed and dozens of others were missing after a boat carrying mostly Congolese refugees capsized on Lake Albert that runs along the border of Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. An estimated 250 people were on the boat with 41 rescued.
    (Reuters, 3/23/14)(AFP, 3/24/14)(AP, 3/25/14)
2014        Mar 22, Ukraine’s interior minister said police have seized 42 kg of gold and $4.8 million in cash during a search of the apartments of former Energy Minister Eduard Stavytsky. His career had blossomed under the presidency of ousted Viktor Yanukovich and was appointed energy minister in December 2012.
    (Reuters, 3/22/14)
2014        Mar 22, Ukraine Col. Yully Mamchur, the commander of Belbek Air Force base in Crimea, was seized by pro-Russian forces as they stormed the base near Sevastopol.
    (SFC, 3/24/14, p.A4)
2014        Mar 22, In eastern Ukraine more than 5,000 pro-Russia residents of Donetsk demonstrated in favor of holding a referendum on whether to seek to split off and become part of Russia.
    (AP, 3/22/14) 
2014        Mar 22, The UN Commission on the Status of Women approved a 45-page document to promote equality for women that reaffirms the sexual and reproductive rights of all women and endorses sex education for adolescents.
    (AP, 3/22/14)
2014        Mar 22, Pope Francis named the initial members of a commission to advise him on sex abuse policy, tapping lay and religious experts.
    (AP, 3/22/14)
2014        Mar 22, In Venezuela Police fired tear gas and made several arrests as 20,000 people marched in Caracas against what they say is President Nicolas Maduro's heavy-handed repression of dissent. At least 3 people were killed pushing the death toll from almost two months of anti-government demonstrations to 34.
    (AFP, 3/22/14)(Reuters, 3/23/14)
2014        Mar 22, Yemeni tribesmen bombed Yemen's main crude export pipeline, forcing oil flows to be stopped. In the north 12 people were reported killed in clashes between government forces and Shiite rebels on the outskirts of the northern city of Amran.
    (Reuters, 3/22/14)(AFP, 3/22/14)

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