Return to home752CE Mar 23, Pope Stephen II was
elected to succeed Pope Zacharias; however, Stephen died 4 days
(AP, 3/23/97)(PTA, 1980, p.184)
1026 Mar 23, Koenraad II
(Conrad II) crowned himself king of Italy.
1066 Mar 23, The 18th recorded
perihelion passage of Halley's Comet. Haley’s Comet was seen and
soon after depicted on the Bayeux Tapestry. The 230-foot tapestry
was created by craftsmen working for a Norman Bishop to depict the
1066 Norman invasion. In 2005 Andrew Bridgeford authored “1066: The
Hidden History in the Bayeux Tapestry."
(SS, 3/23/02)(NH, 7/98, p.78)(WSJ, 4/22/05, p.W6)
1153 Mar 23, The first Treaty
of Constance was signed between Frederick I "Barbarossa" and Pope
Eugene III. By the terms of the treaty, the Emperor was to prevent
any action by Manuel I Komnenos to reestablish the Byzantine Empire
on Italian soil and to assist the pope against his enemies in revolt
1169 Mar 23, Shirkuh,
Kurd General, vizier of Cairo, Saladin's uncle, died.
1237 Mar 23, Jan of Brienne,
King of Jerusalem, Emperor of Constantinople, died.
1322 Mar 23, In York, England,
Roger de Clifford was hanged and left hanging in a cage outside a
tower (Clifford’s Tower) for a year and a day. He had been involved
in a rebellion against King Edward II's favorite Huge Lord de
Despencer, and ultimately against the King himself.
(http://tinyurl.com/qamdvyl)(SSFC, 4/13/14, p.Q5)
1330 Mar 23, Riga surrendered
to the Livonian Order.
1369 Mar 23, Pedro the Cruel,
King and tyrant of Castile and Leon, was murdered. Enrique, the
illegitimate son of Alfonso XI of Castile, killed his half brother
Pedro I in the Castilian civil war and became King Enrique I "the
Bastard" of Castile.
(SS, 3/23/02)(Reuters, 12/23/06)
1490 Mar 23, 1st dated edition
of Maimonides "Mishna Torah" was published.
1555 Mar 23, Julius III (67),
born as Giovanni M. del Monte, Pope (1550-55), died. He was
succeeded by Marcellus II and then by Paul IV.
(TL-MB, 1988, p.19)(SS, 3/23/02)
1657 Mar 23, France and England
formed an alliance against Spain.
1568 Mar 23, Treaty of
Longjumeau: French Huguenots went on strike.
1579 Mar 23, Friesland joined
the Union of Utrecht.
1593 Mar 23, English
Congressionalist Henry Barrow was accused of slander.
1599 Mar 23, Thomas Selle,
composer, was born.
1630 Mar 23, French troops
occupied Pinerolo, Piedmont.
1638 Mar 23, Frederik Ruysch,
Dutch anatomist, was born.
1699 Mar 23, John Bartram,
naturalist, explorer, father of American botany, was born.
1708 Mar 23, English pretender
to the throne James III landed at Firth of Forth.
1736 Mar 23, Iman Willem Falck,
Dutch Governor of Ceylon (1765-83), was born.
1743 Mar 23, George Frideric
Handel's oratorio "Messiah" had its London premiere. During the
"Hallelujah Chorus," Britain's King George II, who was in
attendance, stood up — followed by the entire audience.
1749 Mar 23, Hugo Franz Karl
Alexander von Kerpen, composer, was born.
1749 Mar 23, Pierre-Simon
Laplace (d.1827), French mathematician, astronomer, physicist, was
1750 Mar 23, Johannes Matthias
Sperger, composer, was born.
1752 Mar 23, Pope Stephen II
was elected to succeed Zacharias. He died 2 days later.
1761 Mar 23, John W. de Winter,
Dutch Vice-Admiral (Battle at Kamperduin), was born.
1769 Mar 23, William Smith,
geologist (Strata Identified by Organized Fossils), was born.
1775 Mar 23, In a speech to the
Virginia Provincial Convention, assembled at Henrico Church in
Richmond, American revolutionary Patrick Henry made his famous plea
for independence from Britain, saying, "Give me liberty, or give me
(AP, 3/23/97)(AH, 2/06, p.50)
1791 Mar 23, Etta Palm, a Dutch
champion of woman's rights, set up a group of women's clubs called
the Confederation of the Friends of Truth.
1792 Mar 23, Franz Joseph
Haydn's "Symphony No. 94 in G Major," also known as the "Surprise
Symphony," was performed publicly for the first time, in London.
1794 Mar 23, Josiah Pierson
patented a "cold-header" (rivet) machine.
1794 Mar 23, Lieutenant-General
Tadeusz Kosciusko returned to Poland.
1806 Mar 23, Explorers Lewis
and Clark, having reached the Pacific coast, left Fort Clatsop,
Oregon, and began their journey back East.
1808 Mar 23, Napoleon's brother
Joseph took the throne of Spain.
1823 Mar 23, Schuyler Colfax,
(R) 17th US Vice President (1869-73), was born.
1835 Mar 23, Charles Darwin
reached Los Arenales in the Andes.
1836 Mar 23, Coin Press was
invented by Franklin Beale.
1839 Mar 23, 1st recorded use
of "OK" [oll korrect] was in Boston's Morning Post.
1840 Mar 23, Draper took 1st
successful photo of the Moon (daguerreotype).
1842 Mar 23, Stendhal
[Marie-Henri Beyle], French author (b.1783), died at 59.
1848 Mar 23, Hungary proclaimed
its independence of Austria.
1849 Mar 23, Battle of Novara
(King Charles Albert of Sardinia vs. Italian republic). Austria’s
Gen. Radetzky (83) crushed the Piedmontese forces. Charles Albert
abdicated and was succeeded by his son, Victor Emmanuel II, who
reigned until 1861.
(PCh, 1992, p.449)(SS, 3/23/02)
1857 Mar 23, Culinary expert
Fannie Farmer was born in Boston.
1857 Mar 23, Elisha Otis
installed the first modern passenger elevator in the 5-story
Haughwout and Co. building at 488 Broadway in New York City.
1858 Mar 23, Eleazer A. Gardner
of Philadelphia patented the cable street car, which ran on overhead
1861 Mar 23, London's 1st
tramcars, designed by Mr. Train of New York, began operating.
1862 Mar 23, The Battle of
Kernstown, Va., began. Winchester, Va., was another embattled town.
Confederate General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson faced his only defeat
at the Battle of Kernstown, Va., as he began his Valley Campaign.
Union intelligence officers learned that Isabella Boyd had been
spying on their army.
(HN, 3/23/98)(HN, 3/23/99)(SS, 3/23/02)(ON, 4/10,
1864 Mar 23, Encounter at
1865 Mar 23, General Sherman
and Cox's troops reached Goldsboro, NC.
1867 Mar 23, Congress passed a
2nd Reconstruction Act over President Johnson's veto.
1867 Mar 23, Charles Deas
(b.1818), American painter, died in NYC. He was noted for his oil
paintings of Native Americans and fur trappers of the mid-19th
century. At age 29, he went insane and lived out the rest of his
life in mental institutions.
1868 Mar 23, Gov. Henry Haight
signed an act that created the Univ. of California and wed the
insolvent College of California to the state with the promised
backing of 150,000 acres of federal land. The line "Westward the
course of empire takes its way" from a 1752 poem by Irish Bishop
Berkeley had earlier inspired the founders of Berkeley, Ca., to name
their city and university after Berkeley.
(SFEC, 4/18/99, Z1 p.2)
1868 Mar 23, University of
California was founded in Oakland, CA. Legislator John W. Dwinelle
helped establish the Univ. of California and Dwinelle Hall was named
for him. The first chancellor was Clark Kerr, for whom the Clark
Kerr campus was named. Its first president was Henry Durant for whom
Durant Hall was named. Its 8th president was Benjamin Ide Wheeler
and the 17th president was Robert Gordon Sproul, for whom Sproul
Plaza was named. Later the Haas family of SF contributed $23.75
million on behalf of Walter A. Haas Sr., who ran Levi Strauss &
Co. for several decades. The Doreen B. Townsend Center for the
Humanities was started with a $5 million pledge from Ms. Townsend, a
(SFC, 12/30/96, p.A15)(SS, 3/23/02)
1880 Mar 23, John Stevens of
Neenah, Wis., patented the grain crushing mill. This mill allowed
flour production to increase by 70 percent.
1881 Mar 23, Hermann
Staudinger, chemist, plastics researcher (Nobel '53), was born in
1881 Mar 23, Roger Martin du
Guard, French novelist (Les Thibault-Nobel 1937), was born.
1881 Mar 23, Boers and Britain
signed a peace accord. This ended the 1st Boer war.
1881 Mar 23, Gas lamp set fire
to Nice, France, opera house and 70 died.
1887 Mar 23, Juan Gris, cubist
painter (Still Life Before an Open Window), was born in Spain.
1887 Mar 23, Felix Felixovitch
Yussupov (Youssoupoff), Russian prince, murderer of Rasputin, was
1888 Mar 23, Morrison R. Waite
(b.1816), US Supreme Court Chief Justice (1874-1888), died after
serving for 14 years. He interpreted constitutional amendments after
the Civil War.
1889 Mar 23, President Harrison
opened Oklahoma for white colonization.
1896 Mar 23, Umberto Giordano's
opera "Andrea Chénier" premiered in Milan.
1898 Mar 23, Georgios Grivas,
Greek General, opposition leader on Cyprus, was born.
1900 Mar 23, Erich Fromm
(d.1980), German-American psychologist (Sane Society), was born in
Frankfurt, Germany. He wrote "The Sane Society." “Modern man thinks
he loses something, time, when he does not do things quickly. Yet he
does not know what to do with the time he gains, except kill it."
(AP, 4/21/97)(HN, 3/23/99)(SS, 3/23/02)
1901 Mar 23, Dame Nellie Melba
revealed the secret of her now famous toast.
1901 Mar 23, The world learned
that Boers were starving to death in British concentration camps.
1901 Mar 23, A group of U.S.
Army soldier led by Brig. Gen. Frederick Funston captured Emilio
Aguinaldo, the leader of the Philippine Insurrection of 1899.
1902 Mar 23, Kálmán Tisza (71),
premier of Hungary (1875-90), died.
1903 Mar 23, The Wright
brothers obtained an airplane patent.
1907 Mar 23, Daniele Bovet,
Swiss-born Italian pharmacologist, was born.
1908 Mar 23, Joan Crawford,
American actress, was born. She is best known for her role in
1908 Mar 23, In San Francisco
Durham White Stevens (56), Japan’s foreign advisor to Korea, was
shot by a Korean nationalist. Stevens died 2 days later from
internal injuries. Chang In Hwan and Chun Myung Un had attacked
Stevens as he approached the ferry landing. Chun was released from
prison in June, 1908, and fled the country. Chang was convicted of
2nd degree manslaughter and sentenced to 25 years in prison. He was
paroled after 10 years.
(AH, 10/07, p.54-58)
1909 Mar 23, Theodore Roosevelt
began an African safari sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and
National Geographic Society.
1909 Mar 23, British Lt.
Shackleton found the magnetic South Pole.
1910 Mar 23, Akira Kurosawa,
Japanese film director (Living, Rashomon, The Seven Samurai), was
born in Tokyo, Japan.
(HN, 3/23/01)(SS, 3/23/02)
1910 Mar 23, 1st race at Los
Angeles Motordrome (1st US auto speedway).
1912 Mar 23, Werner von Braun,
rocket expert (I Aim at the Stars), was born in Wirsitz,
Germany. He led the development of the V-2 rocket during World War
(HN, 3/23/99)(SS, 3/23/02)
1912 Mar 23, Dixie Cup was
1913 Mar 23, A strong tornado
swept through Omaha, Neb., on Easter Sunday leaving over 100
fatalities and millions of dollars in damage.
(SFC, 3/23/09, p.D8)
1915 Mar 23, Zion Mule Corp.
1917 Mar 23, A 4 day series of
tornadoes killed 211 in Midwest US.
1917 Mar 23, Austrian Emperor
Charles I made a peace proposal to French President Poincare.
1918 Mar 23, Alick Wickham dove
200' into Australia's Yarra River.
1918 Mar 23,
Crépy-en-Laonnoise: German artillery shelled Paris France and 256
were killed. The Paris bombs were named "Thick Bertha's Dike"
(nickname for the widow Krupp).
1918 Mar 23, Germany became the
1st country to recognize the independence of Lithuania. This was
based on the Lithuanian legislative act of Dec 11, 1917.
1919 Mar 23, Benito Mussolini
founded his Fascist political movement in Milan, Italy. [see Feb 23]
1919 Mar 23, Bashkir ASSR
(Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic) in the RSFSR (Russian
Socialist Federal Soviet Republic) was constituted.
1919 Mar 23, Moscow's
Politburo-Central Committee formed.
1920 Mar 23, Britain denounced
the U.S. because of their delay in joining the League of Nations.
1920 Mar 23, The Perserikatan
Communist of India (PKI) political party formed.
1921 Mar 23, Arthur G. Hamilton
set a new parachute record, safely jumping 24,400 feet.
1922 Mar 23, 1st airplane
landed at the US Capitol in Washington DC.
1923 Mar 23, Frank Silver and
Irving Conn released "Yes, We Have No Bananas."
1925 Mar 23, Tennessee became
the 1st state to outlaw teaching the theory of evolution.
Tennessee’s Governor Austin Peay said, "the very integrity of the
Bible in its statement of man’s divine creation is denied by any
theory that man descended or has ascended from any lower order of
animals." [see Mar 13,21]
(SS, 3/23/02)(MC, 3/23/02)
1925 Mar 23, Aleksei Kuropatkin
(76), Russian General, minister of War, died.
1927 Mar 23, Captain Hawthorne
Gray set a new balloon record soaring to 28,510 feet.
1929 Mar 23, Sir Roger
Bannister, the first man to run the mile in less than four minutes
(May 6, 1954), was born in England.
(HN, 3/23/99)(SS, 3/23/02)
1929 Mar 23, The 1st telephone
installed in White House.
1932 Mar 23, The executive
committee of the DAR (Daughters of the American Revolution) ruled to
exclude blacks from appearing at Constitution Hall.
(WSJ, 4/3/97, p.A19)
1932 Mar 23, Britain warned
Ireland that the loyalty oath was mandatory.
1933 Mar 23, Kroll Opera in
1933 Mar 23, The German
Reichstag adopted the Enabling Act, which effectively granted Adolf
Hitler dictatorial legislative powers, i.e. the power to rule by
(AP, 3/23/97)(WSJ, 11/26/96,
1935 Mar 23, France, Italy and
Britain agreed to present a unified front in response to Germany.
1936 Mar 23, Italy, Austria and
Hungary signed Pact of Rome.
1937 Mar 23, Los Angeles
Railway Co. started using PCC streetcars. PCC's are streetcars that
were originally designed under the direction of the Electric Railway
Presidents' Conference Committee, in an attempt by 25 U.S. and
Canadian transit companies to develop a standardized streetcar whose
many improvements would help to reverse the decline in transit use
that had begun in the 1920's. The committee's efforts began in late
1929, and the first cars were put into service in New York in
1939 Mar 23, At San Quentin
prison in northern California 41 prisoners were tortured and beaten
by guards. On Nov 10 guard boss William G. Lewis testified that he
had loaded a rubber hose used to beat convicts with BB shot and
detailed his regiment of punishments.
(SSFC, 10/12/14, p.42)(SSFC, 11/9/14, p.42)
1940 Mar 23, 1st radio
broadcast of "Truth or Consequences" on CBS.
1940 Mar 23, The All-India
Muslim League called for a Muslim homeland.
1942 Mar 23, During World War
II the US government began moving the first of some 112,000
Japanese-Americans from their West Coast homes to detention centers.
(AP, 3/23/97)(AH, 4/07, p.14)
1942 Mar 23, The Japanese
occupied the Andaman Islands in the Indian Ocean.
(HN, 3/23/98)(SS, 3/23/02)
1942 Mar 23, Some 2,500 Jews of
Lublin were massacred or deported.
1943 Mar 23, Germans counter
attacked US lines in Tunisia.
1944 Mar 23, Nicholas Alkemade
fell 5,500 meter without a parachute and lived. [see Mar 25]
1944 Mar 23, A bomb
assassination against Southern Tirol congregation in Rome killed 33.
1945 Mar 23, Premier Winston
Churchill visited Montgomery's headquarter in Straelen.
1945 Mar 23, British 7th Black
Watch crossed the Rhine.
1945 Mar 23, Largest operation
in Pacific war: 1,500 US Navy ships bombed Okinawa.
1946 Mar 23, W. Averell
Harriman was chosen as the U.S. Ambassador to Britain.
1948 Mar 23, John Cunningham
set a world altitude record at 54,492' (18,133 meters).
1949 Mar 23, Sidney Kingsley's
"Detective Story" premiered in NYC.
1949 Mar 23, Israel signed a
ceasefire agreement with Lebanon.
1950 Mar 23, At the Academy
Awards, "All the King's Men" won best picture of 1949; its star,
Broderick Crawford, won best actor. Olivia de Havilland won best
actress for "The Heiress."
1950 Mar 23, "Great to Be
Alive" opened at Winter Garden Theater in NYC for 52 performances.
1950 Mar 23, UN World
Meteorological Organization was established.
1950 Mar 23, Sophocles
Venizelos formed liberal Greeks government.
1951 Mar 23, U.S. paratroopers
descended from flying boxcars in a surprise attack in Korea.
1951 Mar 23, Wages in France
1953 Mar 23, Raoul Dufy, French
fauve painter, died.
(WSJ, 5/4/99, p.A20)(MC, 3/23/02)
1956 Mar 23, Pakistan became an
independent republic within the British Commonwealth. Officially the
Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Pakistan became the first Islamic
(HFA, '96, p.26)(AHD, p.943)(AP, 3/23/97) (HN,
1956 Mar 23, Soviet students
protested the campaign to desanctify Stalin.
1957 Mar 23, US army sold its
last homing pigeons.
1960 Mar 23, Explorer 8 failed
to reach Earth orbit.
1962 Mar 23, Pres. John F.
Kennedy visited San Francisco and spoke at UC Berkeley on the 100th
anniversary of the Morrill Act. “For this university and so many
other universities across our country owe their birth to the most
extraordinary piece of legislation this country has ever adopted,
and that is the Morrill Act, signed by President Abraham Lincoln in
the darkest and most uncertain days of the Civil War, which set
before the country the opportunity to build the great land grant
colleges of which this is so distinguished a part. Six years later
this university obtained its Charter."
1962 Mar 23, William DeWitt
bought the Cincinnati Reds for $4,625,000.
1964 Mar 23, The UNCTAD 1 world
conference opened in Geneva.
1964 Mar 23, Peter Lorre (59),
actor (Casino Royale), died.
1965 Mar 23, Police in
Casablanca, Morocco, cracked down on students and workers
campaigning for social justice and about 100 were killed. In the
1970s the “March 23 movement" for social rights was named for this
(SFC, 4/13/01, p.A14)(SS, 3/23/02)
1965 Mar 23, America's first
two-person space flight began as Gemini 3 blasted off from Cape
Kennedy with astronauts Virgil I. Grissom and John W. Young aboard
for a nearly five-hour flight. Young sneaked a corned beef sandwich
on board, for which he was later reprimanded.
1966 Mar 23, The 1st official
meeting after 400 years of Catholic and Anglican Church.
1967 Mar 23, Reverend Martin
Luther King Jr. called the Vietnam War the biggest obstacle to the
civil rights movement.
1968 Mar 23, Reverend Walter
Fauntroy became the 1st non-voting congressional delegate from
Washington DC, since Reconstruction.
1969 Mar 23, The teenage
crusade Rally for Decency in Miami drew some 30,000. Teenagers
organized the rally after Jim Morrison (24), the lead singer of The
Doors rock group, was charged with indecent exposure during a
concert in Miami on March 1.
1970 Mar 23, Mafia "Boss" Carlo
Gambino was arrested for plotting to steal $3 million.
1970 Mar 23, US performed the
Shaper nuclear test in Nevada.
1971 Mar 23, The US Congress
proposed the 26th Amendment lowering the voting age from 21 to 18.
It was ratified on July 1, 1971. A similar law in 1970 had been
challenged in court.
1971 Mar 23, USSR performed
underground nuclear test.
1971 Mar 23, In Argentina
General Alehandro Lanusse seized power in a bloodless coup from
General Roberto Levingston. He proceeded to re-establish ties with
China and allowed Juan Domingo Peron to return to Argentina after 17
years of forced exile.
(SFC, 8/27/96, p.A17)(WUD, 1994, p. 1688)
1972 Mar 23, Pres. Nixon
discussed his orders to undermine Chilean democracy after the leak
of corporate papers revealing collaboration between ITT and the CIA
to rollback the election of socialist leader Salvador Allende.
1973 Mar 23, US performed a
nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
1973 Mar 23, After a 5½ year
run, soap "Love is a Many Splendored Thing" ended.
1973 Mar 23, Yoko Ono was
granted permanent residence in US. John Lennon was given a final
order to leave the US within 60 days, while Yoko was allowed to
1976 Mar 23, The
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted in
1948, went into effect three months after the 35th nation
1978 Mar 23, The US performed
nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
1978 Mar 23, UNIFIL forces
arrived in Lebanon setting up headquarters in Naqoura. In response
to Israel’s invasion, the UN Security Council passed Resolution 425
and Resolution 426 calling for the withdrawal of Israeli forces from
Lebanon. The UN Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) was created to
enforce this mandate, and restore peace and sovereignty to Lebanon.
1979 Mar 23, Paul McCartney and
Wings released "Goodnight Tonight."
1980 Mar 23, The deposed Shah
of Iran arrived in Egypt.
1981 Mar 23, The U.S. Supreme
Court ruled that states could require, with some exceptions,
parental notification when teen-age girls seek abortions. U.S.
Supreme Court upheld a law making statutory rape a crime for men but
(AP, 3/23/97)(HN, 3/23/98)
1982 Mar 23, Gen’l. Efrain Rios
Montt seized power from Pres. Lucas Garcia. Under his 17-month rule
the army burned Indian villages and killed thousands of suspected
leftists. Montt established the Guatemalan Republican Front (FRG).
(SFC, 7/31/98, p.D3)(SFC, 11/8/99, p.A10)(SFC,
1983 Mar 23, President Reagan
first proposed development of technology to intercept enemy missiles
-- a proposal that came to be known as the Strategic Defense
Initiative (SDI), as well as "Star Wars."
1983 Mar 23, Dr. Barney Clark
(62), recipient of a permanent artificial heart, died at the
University of Utah Medical Center after 112 days with the device.
1985 Mar 23, Joshua Silver,
Oxford physicist, began contemplating the development of self
adjusting eyeglasses. By 2009 some 30,000 of Silver's specs had been
distributed to the poor in 15 countries; his eventual target is 100
(SSFC, 1/11/09, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/96buv9)
1986 Mar 23, In the 6th Golden
Raspberry Awards the film “Rambo: First Blood Part II" won.
1987 Mar 23, The American soap
opera "Bold and Beautiful" premiered.
1987 Mar 23, Jerry Collins, a
millionaire greyhound racetrack owner, donated $1.3 million to help
evangelist Oral Roberts reach his goal of raising $8 million for
1987 Mar 23, US offered
military protection to Kuwaiti ships in the Persian Gulf.
1988 Mar 23, President Reagan
announced he would visit the Soviet Union for the first time, from
May 29 until June 2, for his fourth summit meeting with Soviet
leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev.
1989 Mar 23 Fawn Hall, former
secretary to onetime National Security Council aide Oliver North,
completed two days of testimony at North’s Iran-Contra trial.
1989 Mar 23, Joel Steinberg was
sentenced to 25 years for killing his adopted daughter.
1989 Mar 23, Stanley Pons and
Martin Fleischmann, Univ. of Utah scientists, claimed they had
produced atomic fusion at room temperature.
(SS, 3/23/02)(WSJ, 9/5/03, p.B1)
1990 Mar 23, Former Exxon
Valdez Captain Joseph Hazelwood was sentenced by a judge in
Anchorage, Alaska, to help clean up Prince William Sound and pay
$50,000 in restitution for his role in the 1989 oil spill.
1990 Mar 23, Rene Enriquez
(56), actor (Hill St Blues), died of pancreatic cancer.
1991 Mar 23, In Tennessee 20
tornadoes killed 5 people.
1991 Mar 23, Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein shuffled his Cabinet, but kept in place his hard-line
ministers of interior and defense to direct a crackdown on rebellion
against his rule. A popular uprising had been prompted by Pres. Bush
and 15 of 18 provinces were liberated, but no American help followed
and Hussein’s forces crushed the intifada.
(AP, 3/23/01)(WSJ, 9/10/02, p.A12)
1992 Mar 23, The president of
the U.N. Security Council announced that Libya had offered to
surrender two men suspected in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 to
the Arab League. Libya reversed itself two days later; however, the
suspects surrendered for trial seven years later. One was
subsequently convicted, the other found innocent.
1992 Mar 23, Friedrich A. von
Hayek (92), British economist, Nobel winner (1974), died. His books
included Road to Serfdom (1944) and “The Constitution of Liberty"
(1960). In 2004 Bruce Caldwell authored “Hayek’s Challenge: An
Intellectual biography of F.A. Hayek."
(SS, 3/23/02)(Econ, 3/6/04, p.74)
1993 Mar 23, In his first
formal news conference since taking office, President Clinton
suggested restricting the duty assignment of homosexuals in the
military as a way of allowing openly gay personnel; however, the
idea was quickly abandoned.
1993 Mar 23, Scientists
announced they'd found the renegade gene that causes Huntington's
1993 Mar 23, Hans Werner
Richter (b.1908), German writer, founder (Gruppe 47), died.
1994 Mar 23, Wayne Gretzky
broke Gordie Howe’s National Hockey League career record with his
1994 Mar 23, Amy Fisher's
lover, Joey Buttafuoco, was released from jail after 4 months and 9
1994 Mar 23, Twenty-three
paratroopers were killed when a F-16 fighter jet and C-130 transport
collided while landing at Pope Air Force Base in North Carolina and
the F-16 skidded into another transport on the ground.
1994 Mar 23, In Mexico Luis
Donaldo Colosio (44), the ruling party's pres. candidate, was
murdered while campaigning in Tijuana, Mexico. Mario Aburto later
confessed to shooting Colosio twice and was sentenced to a 45-year
sentence. The events were later examined by Sebastian Rotella in his
book: “Twilight on the Line: Underworlds and Politics at the
(WSJ, 12/5/95, p.A-14)(SFC, 4/18/96, p.a-13)(SFC,
8/8/96, p.A8)(SFEC, 1/25/98, BR p.9)
1994 Mar 23, Actress Giulietta
Masina (b.1921 ), wife of Federico Felini, died in Rome.
1994 Mar 23, A Russian Airbus
A-310 crashed in Siberia and some 70 people were killed.
1994 Mar 23, Alvaro del
Portillo (b.1914), a Spanish engineer and Roman Catholic bishop,
died in Rome. He served as the prelate of Opus Dei between 1982 and
1994 and was declared Venerable by Pope Benedict XVI on June 28,
2012. His beatification was held on September 27, 2014.
1995 Mar 23, "How To Succeed in
Business Without Really Trying" opened at the Roy Rodgers NYC for
1995 Mar 23, Secretary of State
Warren Christopher met with Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev
in Geneva; afterward, Kozyrev said the U.S.-Russia "honeymoon has
come to an end," referring to disagreements over Chechnya and
nuclear sales to Iran.
1995 Mar 23, Former Mexican
deputy attorney general Mario Ruiz Massieu, brother of slain
Francisco, was arrested in Newark N.J. after failing to declare
$46,000 in cash.
(SFC, 3/13/97, p.A14)(SFC, 7/15/98, p.A8)(SFC,
1996 Mar 23, Taiwan held its
first direct presidential elections; incumbent Lee Teng-hui was the
1997 Mar 23, "Mandy Patinkin in
Concert" closed at Lyceum Theater NYC.
1997 Mar 23, In the 17th Golden
Raspberry Awards: Striptease won. The Golden Raspberries or Razzies
were created by John Wilson in 1980, intended to complement the
Academy Awards by dishonoring the worst acting, screenwriting,
songwriting, directing, and films that the film industry had to
1997 Mar 23, The American
Cancer Society recommended that women begin annual mammograms at age
1997 Mar 23, In Belarus
American diplomat Serge Alexandrov, first secretary at the US
embassy in Minsk, was ordered to leave the country for participating
in an anti-government march. The Foreign Ministry accused him of
being a CIA agent.
(SFC, 3/25/97, p.A14)
1997 May 23, In Iran
presidential elections put conservative speaker Ali Akbar Nateq
Nouri against left-leaning cleric Mohammad Khatami.
(WSJ, 3/20/97, p.A12)
1997 Mar 23, Amid renewed
violence, Israel's Cabinet called on the Palestinian Authority to
crack down on Islamic militant groups, but stopped short of
suspending peace talks.
1998 Mar 23, In the 70th
Academy Awards the film Titanic tied the record by winning 11 Oscars
including best picture and best director (James Cameron) and song
("My Heart Will Go On"). Helen Hunt and Jack Nicholson won the best
actor awards and Kim Bassinger and Robin Williams won the best
supporting actors awards.
(SFC, 3/24/98, p.A1)(AP, 3/23/08)
1998 Mar 23, Pres. Clinton
visited Ghana, the first nation where Peace Corps volunteers were
sent. He hailed “the new face of Africa" as he opened a historic
(SFC, 3/21/98, p.A13)(AP, 3/23/99)
1998 Mar 23, The U.S. Supreme
Court allowed term limits for state lawmakers.
1998 Mar 23, The California
State Supreme Court ruled that the Boy Scouts were a private
organization and not subject to the state’s anti-discrimination
(SFC, 3/24/98, p.A1)
1998 Mar 23, In California a LA
Fire Dept. helicopter crashed while transporting an injured
12-year-old girl to a hospital. The girl and 3 others were killed.
(SFC, 3/24/98, p.A3)
1998 Mar 23, In Daly City, Ca.,
three children were found dead by their grandparents in the bedroom
of their home on Higate Drive. Their mother, Megan Hogg (25), was
taken to Seton Medical Center where she was treated and released.
Hogg was later arrested for killing her 3 daughters, aged 2-7. She
pleaded no contest to 3 counts of first-degree murder and was
sentenced to 25 years to life in prison in 1999.
(SFC, 3/24/98, p.A1)(SFC, 9/25/99, p.A18)
1998 Mar 23, In Pakistan rival
groups clashed in Karachi and 17 people were killed.
(SFEC, 4/5/98, p.T14)
1998 Mar 23, Serbian and
Albanian leaders agree to allow ethnic Albanians into the state
university system in Kosovo.
(SFC, 3/24/98, p.A10)
1998 Mar 23, In South Korea the
president ordered the pay of 930,000 public servants cut to raise
funds for the unemployed.
(WSJ, 3/24/98, p.A1)
1998 Mar 23, Pres. Yeltsin
fired his entire cabinet. Some cabinet members were ordered to stay
until replacements were named. He named Sergei Kiriyenko (35), an
energy minister, as acting premier.
(SFC, 3/23/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/24/98, p.A1)
1999 Mar 23, The US Senate
voted 58-41 to support US participation in a NATO bombing of Serbia.
(WSJ, 3/24/99, p.A1)
1999 Mar 23, NATO
Secretary-General Javier Solana gave the formal go-ahead for
airstrikes against Serbian targets following the failure of Kosovo
1999 Mar 23, Japanese navy
ships fired warning shots at 2 suspected North Korean spy vessels
that entered its waters 180 miles northwest of Tokyo.
(WSJ, 3/24/99, p.A1)
1999 Mar 23, In Paraguay vice
president Luis Maria Argana was shot to death in Asuncion. Paraguay
later tried without success to extradite Lino Oviedo from Argentina
for involvement in the assassination.
(WSJ, 3/24/99, p.A1)(SFC, 9/4/99, p.A13)
1999 Mar 23, Russia's Prime
Minister Primakov turned his plane home and cancelled talks in
Washington following the NATO decision to bomb Serbia.
(WSJ, 3/24/99, p.A21)
2000 Mar 23, President Clinton
visited the western Indian village of Nayla.
2000 Mar 23, In a first,
Speaker Dennis Hastert named a Catholic priest, the Reverend Daniel
Coughlin, as the new House chaplain.
2000 Mar 23, Researchers
reported that a blood test for C-reactive protein could serve as a
good indicator for heart attack risk.
(SFC, 3/23/00, p.A4)
2000 Mar 23, Scientists
reported that the genetic code of the fruit fly, Drosophila
melanogaster, had been decoded. 60% of the flies 13,600 genes are
identical to human genes.
(SFC, 3/24/00, p.A2)
2000 Mar 23, A 776-foot Greek
cargo ship, Leader L, sank in the Atlantic 400 miles off of Bermuda.
31 Filipino crew members were forced into life boats. 13 men were
rescued with Canadian Sea King helicopters. 6 bodies were found and
12 were presumed dead as the ship pulled down one life raft.
(SFC, 3/24/00, p.D3)(SFC, 3/25/00, p.A12)(WSJ,
2000 Mar 23, Horst Koehler (57)
of Germany, president of the European Bank for Reconstruction and
Development, became the new president of the 182-nation IMF
following endorsement by the 24-member board of directors.
(SFC, 3/24/00, p.D4)
2000 Mar 23, Germany completed
a $5 billion agreement on how to allocate funds among surviving
forced laborers and other workers in Hitler's concentration camps.
(SFC, 3/24/00, p.A12)
2000 Mar 23, Pope John Paul the
Second paid his respects at Yad Vashem, Israel’s Holocaust memorial.
2000 Mar 23, Pakistan announced
that local elections would begin in Dec.
(SFC, 3/24/00, p.A12)
2000 Mar 23, Russia's food
supply was threatened with a virulent strain of potato blight and
live-stock feed shortages were forecast.
(WSJ, 3/23/00, p.A1)
2000 Mar 23, In Rwanda Pres.
Pasteur Bizimungu resigned following a month long debate on ethnic
tensions and corruption. In 2004 Bizimungu was sentenced to 15 years
for inciting violence after a falling out with Kagame.
(SFC, 3/24/00, p.D3)(WSJ, 6/8/04, p.A1)
2000 Mar 23, In Taiwan Lee
Teng-hui resigned as leader of the ruling Nationalist Party.
(SFC, 3/24/00, p.D3)
2001 Mar 23, It was reported
that the Bush administration had removed the CIA as a broker between
Israeli and Palestinian security services.
(SFC, 3/23/01, p.D4)
2001 Mar 23, Mississippi Gov.
Ronnie Musgrove signed a law that mandated public schools to display
“In God We Trust" in classrooms, cafeterias and auditoriums.
(SFC, 3/24/01, p.C1)
2001 Mar 23, Newspaper
columnist Rowland Evans died in Washington D.C. at age 79.
2001 Mar 23, David McTaggart
(68), founder of Greenpeace Int’l., was killed in a car crash in
(SFC, 3/24/01, p.A22)(AP, 3/23/02)
2001 Mar 23, In Britain Prime
Minister Blair ordered the creation of 2-square-mile killing zones
around every farm infected with hoof-and-mouth disease as the number
of daily cases escalated.
(SFC, 3/24/01, p.A10)
2001 Mar 23, It was reported
that 22 Guam teenagers had committed suicide over the past 26
months. Members of a secretive club called Prestigious Angels
promised to kill themselves if their friends would follow.
(SFC, 3/23/01, p.D6)
2001 Mar 23, In Indonesia
attacks by Dayaks in Central Kalimantan left at least 12 people
(SFC, 3/24/01, p.A12)
2001 Mar 23, Moscow expelled 4
US diplomats for “activities incompatible with their status." Russia
said it was expelling 50 U.S. diplomats in retaliation for the
expulsion of 50 Russians by the U.S.
(SFC, 3/24/01, p.A10)(AP, 3/23/02)
2001 Mar 23, Russia's orbiting
135-ton Mir space station ended its 15-year odyssey with a fiery
plunge into the South Pacific between Chile and New Zealand.
(SFC, 3/23/01, p.A1)(AP, 3/23/02)
2002 Mar 23, The History
Channel hosted it’s 4th annual Harry Awards, named after Herodotus,
for the best historical film of 2001.
(WSJ, 3/18/02, p.A16)
2002 Mar 23, Irina Slutskaya
captured her first world title, defeating four-time champion
Michelle Kwan at the World Figure Skating Championships in Nagano,
2002 Mar 23, Pres. Bush met
with Pres. Toledo in Lima, Peru, and called for a “war without
quarter" against terrorism and drug trafficking in the region. 18
demonstrators were arrested.
(SSFC, 3/24/02, p.A17)
2002 Mar 23, It was reported a
the Air Force Academy had implicated 38 cadets in a drug scandal
that began in Dec 2000.
(SFC, 3/23/02, p.A4)
2002 Mar 23, Eileen Farrell
(82), opera and pop soprano, died in New Jersey. In 1999 Brian
Kellow co-wrote her biography “Can’t Help Singing."
(SFC, 3/25/02, p.B5)
2002 Mar 23, Girls in
Afghanistan celebrated their return to school for the first time in
2002 Mar 23, In Pakistan
members of the Alliance for Restoration of Democracy were arrested
and a rally for the ouster of Pres. Musharraf was blocked.
(SSFC, 3/24/02, p.A22)
2003 Mar 23, In the 75th annual
Academy Awards "Chicago" won for Best Picture, Roman Polanski for
best director (The Pianist), Adrien Brody for best actor (The
Pianist), Nicole Kidman for best actress (The Hours), Chris Cooper
for best-supporting actor (Adaptation), and Catherine Zeta-Jones for
best supporting actress (Chicago).
(SFC, 3/24/03, p.C5)
2003 Mar 23, Michael Moore
criticized Pres. Bush and the US-led war in Iraq during his
acceptance speech at the Academy Awards, drawing a partial standing
ovation and some jeers from Hollywood's elite.
2003 Mar 23, A Maryland nurse
died 5 days after being vaccinated for smallpox. A 2nd nurse died
(SFC, 3/26/03, p.A6)(SFC, 3/28/03, p.A7)
2003 Mar 23, Adrian O'Neill
Robinson (25) allegedly shot and killed his father (56) in Hamilton,
Georgia. He then kidnapped 2 nuns, one of whom was found 3 days
later, mutilated in a Norfolk, Va., parking lot. The other nun was
(SFC, 3/27/03, p.A7)
2003 Mar 23, US and allied
Afghan forces clashed with militiamen loyal to a renegade warlord in
a battle that left up to 10 rebels dead. A US Air Force helicopter
on a mercy mission to help 2 injured Afghan children crashed in
southeastern Afghanistan, killing all 6 people on board.
2003 Mar 23, In northern
Afghanistan flooding and heavy rains killed at least 11 people and
damaged hundreds of houses.
2003 Mar 23, In the 5th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US-led warplanes and helicopters attacked
Republican Guard units defending Baghdad while ground troops
advanced to within 50 miles of the Iraqi capital. Pres. Bush put a
$75 billion price tag on a down payment for the war. The 507th
Maintenance Company was ambushed after it made a wrong turn into
Nasiriya; 11 soldiers were killed, seven were captured, including
Pfc. Jessica Lynch. Lori Piestewa (23) was killed, with the gruesome
distinction of being the first native American in the US army to be
killed in combat. Lynch was rescued on April 1, 2003.
(AP, 3/24/03)(SFC, 4/14/03,
2003 Mar 23, A US bomb struck a
bus at a service area in al-Rutba, Iraq, enroute from Baghdad to
Syria. 5 people were killed.
(SFC, 3/25/03, p.W7)
2003 Mar 23, A British Royal
Air Force Tornado jet was shot down by a U.S. Patriot missile in the
first reported incident of "friendly" fire in Iraq.
2003 Mar 23, Arab nations
called for an emergency Security Council meeting to demand an end to
the US-led war against Iraq and the withdrawal of all invading
2003 Mar 23, In the CAR Gen.
Francois Bozize said Abel Goumba (76), a veteran opposition leader,
will oversee daily operations in the government.
2003 Mar 23, A Chechen
referendum strongly approved a new constitution that confirmed
Chechnya as part of Russia and endorsed rules for electing a Chechen
president and parliament.
(AP, 3/23/03)(AP, 3/24/03)(SFC, 3/24/03, p.A11)
2003 Mar 23, Iraqi state
television showed two men said to have been the US crew of an Apache
helicopter forced down during heavy fighting in central Iraq. Iraqi
forces captured at least 5 soldiers of an Army maintenance company.
US Central Command reported 12 missing. About 20 Americans were
captured or killed at Nasiriyah.
(AP, 3/24/03)(SFC, 3/24/03, p.W1)(WSJ, 3/24/03,
2003 Mar 23, In Kashmir gunmen
shot to death Abdul Majid Dar, the former leader of Kashmir's
largest Islamic rebel group, in what may have been retribution for
talks with the Indian government.
2003 Mar 23, In Nicaragua the
party of President Enrique Bolanos abandoned him after months of
quarreling over the government's prosecution of his predecessor, a
fellow party member.
2003 Mar 23, Slovenes endorsed
membership in NATO and the European Union.
(AP, 3/23/03)(AP, 3/24/03)
2004 Mar 23, The Bush
administration reported that the Medicare Trust Fund would run out
of money in 2019, 7 years earlier that projected in 2003.
(SFC, 3/24/04, p.A1)
2004 Mar 23, Defense Secretary
Donald H. Rumsfeld and Secretary of State Colin Powell offered a
strong defense of the administration's pre-Sept. 11 actions as they
testified before a federal commission reviewing the 2001 attacks.
2004 Mar 23, The US Coast Guard
said it had seized over 14.5 tons of cocaine from 3 fishing boats
off Mexico and Ecuador over the last 2 months.
(SFC, 3/24/04, p.B3)
2004 Mar 23, Random House
published "Trump: How To Get Rich," by Donald Trump.
(WSJ, 3/22/04, p.B1)
2004 Mar 23, The Rev. Sun Myung
Moon declared himself the Messiah during a ceremony at the Dirksen
Building in Wash., DC. Over a dozen US lawmakers attended the
(SFC, 6/24/04, p.A2)
2004 Mar 23, A Unocal
helicopter with 10 on board went missing in the Gulf of Mexico. The
Coast Guard found 4 bodies.
(WSJ, 3/25/04, p.A1)
2004 Mar 23, Joseph Iadone
(b.1914), master lute player, died in Connecticut. His few CDs were
all on the Lyrichord label (www.lyrichord.com).
(WSJ, 4/27/04, p.D10)
2004 Mar 23, Chen Zhongwei
(74), a Chinese surgeon credited with pioneering the process of
reattaching severed limbs, died. Chen successfully reattached the
severed right hand of an injured factory worker in 1963, in the
first operation of its kind.
2004 Mar 23, In Iraq gunmen
opened fire on a van filled with police recruits south of Baghdad,
killing nine. Other assailants shot and killed two policemen, twin
brothers, north of the capital.
2004 Mar 23, Israel threatened
the entire Hamas leadership with death as Abdel Aziz Rantisi took
command of the group in Gaza.
(WSJ, 3/24/04, p.A1)
2004 Mar 23, Israeli helicopter
gunships fired on gunmen in southern Lebanon, killing two and
2004 Mar 23, A chamber of
Venezuela's Supreme Court dealt a blow to opponents of President
Hugo Chavez by overruling fellow justices on a petition for
recalling him from office.
2005 Mar 23, Pres. Bush, Pres.
Fox, and PM Paul Martin at a one-day summit in Texas signed a deal
that provides for sweeping co-operation between Canada, Mexico and
the US on security, economic and health issues. There was no sign of
progress on touchy trade disputes. They agreed to boost border
security and forge common approaches on everything from cargo
inspection to maritime and aviation safety.
2005 Mar 23, A federal appeals
court refused to reinsert Terri Schiavo's feeding tube and the
Florida Legislature decided not to intervene in the epic struggle
over the brain-damaged woman; Schiavo's parents then filed a request
with the Supreme Court.
2005 Mar 23, Truck driver
Tyrone Williams was convicted in a federal court in Houston for his
role in the 2003 deaths of 19 illegal immigrants he was smuggling
2005 Mar 23, In Texas City,
Texas, an explosion at BP's 1,200-acre plant near Houston killed 15
and injured 170 others. BP later acknowledged faulty equipment at
the plant. In 2009 oil giant BP was hit with a record
52-million-pound fine for safety violations at the Texas refinery.
(AP, 3/24/05)(SFC, 3/25/05, p.A4)(WSJ, 7/27/05,
p.A1)(AFP, 10/30/09)(Econ, 5/8/10, p.68)
2005 Mar 23, Chinese President
Hu Jintao stepped up pressure on North Korea to return to nuclear
talks, telling its visiting premier that dialogue is the only way to
settle the dispute.
2005 Mar 23, Chinese state
media reported that already severe water shortages are worsening due
to heavy pollution of lakes and aquifers and urban development
projects with a big thirst for water, such as lawns and fountains.
2005 Mar 23, In southern
Colombia Communist rebels ambushed a military convoy, killing 10
soldiers in a hail of gunfire and explosions.
2005 Mar 23, It was reported
that Dubai Holding, controlled by the ruler of Dubai, had reached a
deal to buy 21,000 rental apartments in the US Sunbelt for $1
(WSJ, 3/23/05, p.B6)
2005 Mar 23, Police fired tear
gas into Ecuador's Congress before dawn to disperse opposition
lawmakers who refused to leave after a legislative session that cut
short a debate on candidates for attorney general.
2005 Mar 23, France presented a
U.N. resolution allowing for the prosecution of Sudanese war crimes
suspects at the International Criminal Court, forcing the US to
choose between accepting a body it opposes or casting a politically
2005 Mar 23, Iran agreed to
extend nuclear talks with EU nations and maintain a suspension of
uranium enrichment but insisted it won’t scrap the program.
(WSJ, 3/24/05, p.A1)
2005 Mar 23, Iraqi commandos
backed by US forces raided a suspected guerrilla training camp and
reportedly killed 85 fighters. Insurgents said only 11 were killed.
7 Iraqi commandos were killed.
(AP, 3/23/05)(SFC, 3/25/05, p.A3)
2005 Mar 23, In Lebanon a bomb
killed three people in a Christian commercial center, the second
attack in an anti-Syrian stronghold in five days.
2005 Mar 23, In Manila a terror
suspect said the southern Philippines has become a major training
ground for regional terror group Jemaah Islamiyah, graduating 23
bomb experts just days ago.
2005 Mar 23, In South Africa
some 21,000 Harmony Gold Mining Co. Ltd. mineworkers went on strike
after mediation efforts with the union over pay and working
2006 Mar 23, The US Federal
Reserve ceased publication of the M3 monetary aggregate.
(www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h6/discm3.htm)(Econ, 3/25/06, p.78)
2006 Mar 23, The US CDC said a
new form of TB, called Extensively drug resistant TB (XDR-TB), posed
challenges to efforts to bring the disease under control.
(WSJ, 3/24/06, p.B2)
2006 Mar 23, Police took DNA
samples from 46 members of the Duke University lacrosse team after a
woman hired to dance for a party charged she'd been raped.
(AP, 3/23/07)(SFC, 4/12/07, p.A2)
2006 Mar 23, Karen Eklund (31)
of Antioch was shot 11-20 times and killed by police in SF following
a 40-mile pursuit that ended in Mission Terrace. She had been sought
on a federal warrant in an identity-theft case. In 2007 her daughter
(14) filed suit against the CHP saying the killing was unjustified.
On April 6, 2011, a federal appeals court overturned a jury’s
verdict of wrongdoing and $60,000 in damages against CHP Officer
(SFC, 3/24/06, p.B3)(SFC, 11/3/07, p.B2)(SFC,
2006 Mar 23, General Motors
Corp. said that it is raising nearly $9 billion in cash by selling a
majority interest in its commercial mortgage division and sprucing
up the finances of the auto loan and insurance business the
struggling automaker is still trying to sell.
2006 Mar 23, Sarah Caldwell
(82), conductor and opera company director died in Portland, Maine.
2006 Mar 23, Desmond T. Doss
Sr. (87), a conscientious objector whose achievements as a
noncombatant earned him a Medal of Honor in World War II, died in
2006 Mar 23, In southern
Afghanistan a police chief was killed by his own guard. Coalition
forces announced the killing of six Taliban members in Oruzgan
2006 Mar 23, In central
Afghanistan a huge explosion ripped through a depot of confiscated
munitions in a depot in the Jabalussaraj district of Parwan
province, killing two people and injuring 45, and damaging scores of
houses. Initial investigations indicated the blast was caused by a
spark from an electric cable.
2006 Mar 23, Mike Horn (39) of
South Africa and Borge Ousland (43) of Norway completed a 620-mile
trek without outside supplies or help from dog sleds to the North
Pole after 64 days of walking, skiing, climbing, swimming across ice
2006 Mar 23, The Australian air
force sank a North Korean cargo ship for target practice. It had
been seized in 2003 after being used to smuggle heroin into
2006 Mar 23, Belarussian
protestors camped out for a fifth day in central Minsk as an
opposition party leader released from prison declared that President
Alexander Lukashenko's regime was at a "dead-end."
2006 Mar 23, Stephane Lambiel
of Switzerland won his second straight World Figure Skating
Championships title, in Calgary, Alberta.
2006 Mar 23, A Danish soldier
was killed by a roadside bomb in southern Iraq. He was the third
Danish soldier to die in the conflict.
2006 Mar 23, German prosecutors
said 2 former employees of Siemens AG's Power Generation branch have
been charged with offering bribes totaling some 6 million euros
($7.3 million) to secure contracts from Italian gas companies.
2006 Mar 23, In India Sonia
Gandhi, the leader of the governing coalition, stepped down as a
member of Parliament amid inter-party feuding over a once-obscure
election law and a growing controversy about whether she also held
2006 Mar 23, US and British
troops freed three Christian peace activists in rural Iraq without
firing a shot, ending a four-month hostage drama in which an
American among the group was shot to death and dumped on a Baghdad
street. At least 56 Iraqis died in violence, including a car bombing
that killed 25 people in the third major attack on a police lockup
in three days. A suicide car bomber detonated his explosives at the
entrance to the Interior Ministry Major Crimes unit in Baghdad's
central Karradah district, killing 10 civilians and 15 policemen
2006 Mar 23, Human rights
campaigners said Nigerian separatists have attacked census officials
with acid and machetes in a violent campaign for the southeastern
region to boycott the headcount. A violent start to Nigeria’s first
census in 15 years left at least 10 dead and scores of others
2006 Mar 23, President Gen.
Pervez Musharraf ordered all foreign militants to leave Pakistan or
be killed. Pakistan protested the killing by Afghan soldiers of 14
people Pakistan claims were its citizens, the latest source of
tension between the neighboring countries amid increasing violence
along their rugged border.
2006 Mar 23, Computer-savvy
Philippine protesters took civil disobedience to cyberspace,
launching a "virtual sit-in" campaign that urged online activists to
overwhelm the police Web site with numerous hits.
2006 Mar 23, Pope Benedict XVI
convened the College of Cardinals for the first time since his
election last year, inviting its members to share their concerns
about the challenges facing the Catholic Church before adding 15 new
members to their ranks.
2006 Mar 23, The US ambassador
said that the US and Venezuela had reached a temporary agreement
that will avoid a proposed ban on flights by most US airlines to
2007 Mar 23, The US House voted
for the first time to clamp a cutoff deadline on the Iraq war,
agreeing by a thin margin to pull combat troops out by next year and
pushing the new Democratic-led Congress ever closer to a showdown
with President Bush.
2007 Mar 23, Former Interior
Department official J. Steven Griles pleaded guilty to obstructing
Congress, becoming the highest-ranking Bush administration official
convicted in the Jack Abramoff lobbying scandal.
2007 Mar 23, In Florida the
aircraft carrier USS John F. Kennedy was decommissioned after nearly
40 years of service.
2007 Mar 23, Rachel Smith of
Tennessee bested 50 other aspiring beauty queens to win the title of
2007 Mar 23, In California an
Alameda County judge released a draft report giving the state 60
days to stop killing fish or shut down pumps that send water to
(SFC, 3/24/07, p.A1)
2007 Mar 23, Militants ambushed
a convoy carrying Afghan soldiers. In the ensuing clash, three
suspected Taliban were killed and six were wounded.
2007 Mar 23, Australia called
on South Africa to pressure Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe to
quit, saying the 83-year-old leader was a disaster for his country.
South Africa defended its policy on Zimbabwe as the only way to
approach Mugabe's authoritarian government and said African nations
might convene a summit to deal with the crisis.
(AFP, 3/23/07)(Reuters, 3/23/07)
2007 Mar 23, Brazil's
environmental agency approved a $2 billion project to shift the
course of a major river in Brazil, a plan bitterly opposed by
environmentalists. The Sao Francisco River project is meant to
benefit some 12 million poor people by allowing large sections of
the country's arid northeast to be irrigated.
2007 Mar 23, A Brazilian
housewife was convicted and sentenced to 19 years in prison for
killing her husband, chopping his body into small pieces and frying
it. Rosanita Nery dos Santos (52) drugged her husband in his sleep,
then stabbed him to death two years ago in Salvador, about 900 miles
northeast of Sao Paulo.
2007 Mar 23, In Colombia Jorge
Noguera, Pres. Alvaro Uribe's former spy chief, was freed from jail
after a judge ruled his imprisonment for alleged links to far-right
militias was illegal on procedural grounds.
2007 Mar 23, Congo's chief
prosecutor issued an arrest warrant for Jean-Pierre Bemba, a former
warlord and senator, who took refuge inside a foreign embassy while
his personal army and government troops fought in the capital. The
head of Congo's army said in a nationally televised address that
security forces had regained control of Kinshasa after two days of
intense fighting against the militia of a former warlord who lost
last year's presidential runoff. An aid group working with hospitals
and morgues said more than 100 people died in two days of fighting.
EU envoys later said the fighting left 600 dead.
(AP, 3/23/07)(WSJ, 3/24/07, p.A1)(AP,
3/25/07)(WSJ, 3/28/07, p.A1)
2007 Mar 23, A committee of the
European Commission on plant health met to discuss measures to
prevent further importation of palm trees infested with
Rhynchophorus ferrugineus, an aggressive weevil that has infested
palm trees around the Mediterranean.
(WSJ, 3/24/07, p.A5)
2007 Mar 23, Iranian naval
vessels seized 15 British sailors and marines who had boarded a
merchant ship in Iraqi waters of the Persian Gulf as part of efforts
to protect the Iraqi coastline and its oil terminals; they were held
for 13 days.
(AP, 3/23/07)(AP, 3/23/08)
2007 Mar 23, Iraq's deputy
prime minister, a Sunni who crossed the country's sectarian divide
to join the Shiite-led government, was wounded in a suicide bombing
at a mosque in the courtyard of his home. Nine people were killed. A
US soldier on a foot patrol was killed by a roadside bomb south of
(AP, 3/23/07)(AP, 3/24/07)
2007 Mar 23, A Japanese whaling
ship returned to port from Antarctica with a catch of 508 whales,
despite having its annual hunt cut short by a deadly fire.
2007 Mar 23, A human rights
group said Kenya has deported more than 100 people from 19 countries
to Somalia after they crossed the border between the two countries
illegally during fighting earlier this year, and the deportees were
subsequently arrested by Ethiopian troops.
2007 Mar 23, Maoist
demonstrators displayed the bodies of 25 slain activists in open
trucks to protest their killings in Nepal's restive south. Thousands
demonstrated on the streets of the capital Katmandu two days after a
fierce battle between the former communist rebels and supporters of
an ethnic rights organization left 28 dead and more than 30 wounded
in the town of Gaur.
2007 Mar 23, In southern
Nigeria gunmen kidnapped three foreign construction workers,
including a Dutch national, in two separate incidents.
2007 Mar 23, In Pakistan Ali
Mohammed Jan Aurakzai, the North West Frontier Province governor,
said clashes between Pakistani tribesmen and foreign militants near
the Afghan border this week have left up to 160 people dead,
including about 130 Uzbek and Chechen fighters. Officials said
warring tribesmen and foreign Al-Qaeda militants have agreed to a
ceasefire after four days of bloodshed in the border region.
2007 Mar 23, In Somalia a cargo
plane was shot down by a missile during takeoff died. Ten of the
crew died in the crash. Rescuers found a wounded crew member and
took him to a Mogadishu hospital where he died while being treated.
All crew members were either Ukrainian or Belarussian. Egi Azarian,
acting head of Belarus-based Transaviaexport, confirmed that the
company's plane was shot down.
2007 Mar 23, A South Korean
presidential panel removed a year-old ban on research into the
cloning of human embryonic stem cells.
2007 Mar 23, Sri Lankan troops
advanced into territory held by Tamil Tiger rebels, shifting the
battle lines to the island's north where the latest death toll on
both sides hit 37.
2007 Mar 23, The United Nations
said nearly 800 people have died after a meningitis epidemic spread
from Burkina Faso to eight other western African countries since the
start of the year. Benin, Chad, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger,
Nigeria and Togo have also been affected to differing degrees.
2008 Mar 23, It was reported
that 1,195 migrating bison had been culled in Montana after leaving
Yellowstone in search of food. The culling was expected to continue
(SSFC, 3/23/08, p.A4)
2008 Mar 23, Network Solutions,
an American network provider, said it had suspended a website that
Dutch MP Geert Wilders had reserved to post his anti-Islamic film,
which has sparked wide condemnation and fears of a backlash.
2008 Mar 23, The Alaska Ranger,
a 189-foot fishing vessel, sank off the Aleutian Islands, killing
the captain and 4 crew members. 42 crew members were rescued. State
environmental regulators were notified that the ship was carrying
145,000 gallons of diesel when it sank in deep seas.
(AP, 3/24/08)(SFC, 10/1/09,
2008 Mar 23, In Wisconsin
Madeline Neumann (11) died of complication from diabetes after her
parents prayed in lieu of seeking medical help. Both parents were
charged with reckless homicide.
2008 Mar 23, In Afghanistan 5
members of an Afghan mine-clearing team were killed.
(SFC, 3/25/08, p.A3)
2008 Mar 23, China attacked
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi for her recent meeting with the Dalai
Lama, accusing her and other "human rights police" of double
standards and ignoring the truth about the unrest in Tibet. Han
residents said some 500 Uighurs protested in Khotan in the
northwestern Xinjiang region. A bombing targeted a government
building in the town of Gyanbe. Chinese authorities later arrested 9
monks for the bombing.
(AP, 3/23/08)(SFC, 4/3/08, p.A8)(AFP, 4/13/08)
2008 Mar 23, In Indian Kashmir
4 policemen and a senior member of a hardline Islamic militant group
were killed in a fierce gun battle near Srinagar.
2008 Mar 23, Iranian artillery
shelled three border towns in northern Iraq where Iranian Kurdish
rebels are believed to be operating.
2008 Mar 23, In Iraq a suicide
car bomber killed at least 13 Iraqi soldiers and wounded dozens more
people in Mosul. At least 10 civilians were killed and 20 more were
wounded in rocket or mortar blasts in scattered areas of eastern
Baghdad. The US-protected Green Zone in Baghdad came under fire from
either mortars or rockets, and a round that fell short injured two
bystanders. An American financial analyst working for the US Embassy
in Baghdad was severely wounded in the rocket attack and died soon
after. The overall US death toll in Iraq rose to 4,000 after four
soldiers were killed in a roadside bombing in Baghdad.
(AP, 3/23/08)(AP, 3/24/08)(AP, 3/26/08)
2008 Mar 23, In eastern Japan a
person was stabbed to death and at least seven others were hurt by a
man who went on a knifing spree at a shopping mall. Police arrested
Masahiro Kanagawa (24), who was also wanted over the earlier slaying
of a 72-year-old man.
2008 Mar 23, In Pakistan 25
trucks carrying fuel to US-led forces in Afghanistan were destroyed
in a possible bomb attack near the Torkham customs post. At least 50
people were injured.
(SFC, 3/24/08, p.A12)
2008 Mar 23, Saudi Arabia said
inflation reached a 27-year high of 8.7% in February.
(WSJ, 3/24/08, p.A6)
2008 Mar 23, Serbian PM
Vojislav Kostunica accused NATO peacekeepers and UN police of using
"snipers and banned ammunition" to quell a Serb riot against
2008 Mar 23, South Korea's
Hyundai Motor said it would begin mass producing hybrid cars next
year amid growing demand for fuel-efficient and environmentally
2008 Mar 23, In southeast
Turkey Kurdish protesters clashed with police for a 4th day. Two
people have been killed In the clashes and dozens injured.
(WSJ, 3/24/08, p.A1)
2009 Mar 23, The Obama
administration took a fresh shot at ending a national paralysis in
lending, teaming up with investors to buy bad bank assets and ease
credit for hard-pressed consumers and businesses. The DJIA responded
with a gain 497.48 to close at 7775.86.
(AP, 3/23/09)(SFC, 3/24/09, p.C1)
2009 Mar 23, US District Judge
Edward Korman ordered the FDA to make the emergency contraceptive
pill, marketed as Plan B, available to 17-year-olds without
prescription within 30 days from the date of his ruling.
2009 Mar 23, Advance
Publications Inc., owner of the Ann Arbor News and 7 other Michigan
newspaper, announced that the 174-year-old Ann Arbor News will
publish its last print edition in July and then become a community
oriented Web site.
(WSJ, 3/24/09, p.B5)
2009 Mar 23, Alaska's Mount
Redoubt volcano erupted five times overnight, sending an ash plume
more than 9 miles into the air in the volcano's first emissions in
nearly 20 years.
2009 Mar 23, US envoy Richard
Holbrooke outlined to NATO new plans to beat insurgents in
Afghanistan. Taliban fighters ambushed a police patrol in southern
Kandahar province's Spin Boldak district, killing eight officers and
wounding another. Afghan police and intelligence agents detained
five Taliban militants in Oruzgan, including the group's senior
commander for the province, Mullah Azizullah. In Kabul Emrose TV’s
Fahim Khodamani was arrested for refusing to censor images of women
dancing in short skirts and plunging necklines.
(AFP, 3/23/09)(AP, 3/23/09)(SFC, 3/25/09, p.A4)
2009 Mar 23, In Australia
volunteers joined rescue workers struggling to save the lives of 17
whales that survived a mass stranding on a beach on Australia's west
coast. Around 90 long-finned pilot whales and bottlenose dolphins
were found beached over more than five kilometers (three miles) in
Hamelin Bay, south of the city of Perth. Most of the animals died,
but rescuers were able to push four dolphins and four whales out to
sea at the stranding site and truck 10 surviving whales overland to
deeper waters. Six whales believed to be part of a pod that was
rescued from a mass stranding re-beached themselves and two died.
One of the 4 surviving whales was found dead on March 26.
(AFP, 3/23/09)(AP, 3/25/09)(AP, 3/26/09)
2009 Mar 23, Canadian officials
declared the nation’s annual seal hunt open, despite a potential EU
ban on the import of seal products.
(SFC, 3/24/09, p.A2)
2009 Mar 23, Suncor Energy Inc,
Canada's No.2 oil company, agreed to buy rival Petro-Canada for
about C$18.43 billion ($14.86 billion) to expand its oil sand
reserves and create the country's biggest energy group.
2009 Mar 23, Gov. Zhou
Xiaochuan, Chinese central bank governor, called for a new global
currency controlled by the International Monetary Fund, stepping up
pressure ahead of a London summit of global leaders for changes to a
financial system dominated by the US dollar and Western governments.
2009 Mar 23, A northern Chinese
court accepted a compensation suit against the dairy at the heart of
China's tainted milk scandal, the first court to do so.
2009 Mar 23, In southwest China
the ceiling at a chemical plant collapsed, killing 11 workers and
leaving one person trapped under rubble. A potentially lethal
radioactive material was lost after the 53-year-old Shaanxi Qinling
Cement Co. was torn down in the Tongchuan city in Shaanxi province.
Officials on March 27 said the material had been recovered.
(AP, 3/23/09)(AP, 3/27/09)
2009 Mar 23, In southeastern
Colombia a mortar attack by leftist rebels killed 4 soldiers from an
elite counter-guerrilla unit and left one missing in the
cocaine-producing jungle area of Guaviare state known as Cano
2009 Mar 23, Georgian officials
released videotapes allegedly showing opposition members buying
weapons with the aim of sparking violence during demonstrations
against the president planned for next month.
2009 Mar 23, Honduran President
Manuel Zelaya announced his government will hold a nationwide poll
by June 24 on whether the country should convoke an assembly that
would write a new constitution.
2009 Mar 23, India’s Tata
Motors launched its ultra-cheap Nano car in Mumbai. The vehicle was
hoped to herald a revolution by making it possible for the world's
poor to purchase their first car.
2009 Mar 23, In eastern
Indonesia 2 Komodo dragons mauled a fruit-picker to death. An
8-year-old boy was killed in 2007, the first recorded deadly attack
on a human by one of the endangered lizards in three decades.
2009 Mar 23, Turkey's president
began the first visit to Iraq by a Turkish head of state in more
than 30 years, seeking to press Iraqi leaders to stop Kurdish rebels
from launching cross-border attacks on Turkey. In northern Iraq a
suicide bombing against a Kurdish funeral in Jalula killed 27
people. 8 people were killed in a bombing at a bus stop west of
Baghdad. A suicide blast in Tel Afar killed police officer and
wounded 8 people.
(AP, 3/23/09)(AP, 3/24/09)(SFC, 3/24/09, p.A2)
2009 Mar 23, In Japan an MD-11
aircraft operated by FedEx crashed at Tokyo's main international
airport, killing its two-member crew. Though largely retired from
passenger use for economic reasons, the MD-11 aircraft is still
employed for cargo transport.
2009 Mar 23, In southern
Lebanon an explosion killed Kamal Madhat (55), a senior Fatah
official, and three of his bodyguards as they were leaving a
Palestinian refugee camp.
2009 Mar 23, In southwest Nepal
at least one person was killed and another injured when a bomb
exploded inside a government building.
2009 Mar 23, In the Netherlands
Joseph Mpambara (40), a Hutu man, was convicted and sentenced to 20
years in prison for the slaying of two Tutsi mothers and at least
four of their children during Rwanda's 1994 genocide. The Hague
District Court acquitted Mpambara of involvement in the massacre of
hundreds of other Tutsis who had sought shelter in a church. He was
also acquitted of raping four women and killing one of them in a
2009 Mar 23, Pakistani troops
destroyed two militant hideouts in the troubled southwestern
province of Baluchistan, where a UN official was kidnapped last
month. A suicide bomber blew himself up at a police station housing
Pakistan’s terrorism intelligence offices, killing himself and one
(AFP, 3/23/09)(SFC, 3/24/09, p.A2)
2009 Mar 23, Sudan's president
traveled to Eritrea, choosing one of Africa's most politically
isolated nations for his first trip abroad since an international
court sought his arrest on charges of war crimes in Darfur. Adam
Khater (39), the Fellowship for African Relief's Darfur director,
was shot to death at his home in the town of Kongo Haraza, near
Sudan's border with Chad.
(AP, 3/23/09)(AP, 3/24/09)
2009 Mar 23, Michael Misick,
the jet-setting premier of the Turks and Caicos Islands, resigned, a
week earlier than expected, following an investigation that found
"clear signs" of corruption in the eight-island British dependency.
His successor as premier, Galmo Williams, won a 3-way fight to lead
the ruling Progressive National Party at a convention in early
2009 Mar 23, The Vatican said
Pope Benedict XVI has named Monsignor Salvatore Joseph Cordileone, a
San Diego clergyman, to be bishop of Oakland, California.
2009 Mar 23, In Venezuela
thieves in Caracas ransacked the offices of the Ibrahim Al-lbrahim
mosque, stealing jewels, computers and other objects and throwing
books across the floor. The Ibrahim Al-lbrahim building is Latin
America's second largest mosque after the Rey Fahd Islamic Cultural
Center in Argentina.
2010 Mar 23, President Barack
Obama signed a historic $938 billion health care overhaul that
guarantees coverage for 32 million uninsured Americans and will
touch nearly every citizen's life, presiding over the biggest shift
in US domestic policy since the 1960s and capping a divisive,
yearlong debate that could define the November elections. Florida
and 12 other states challenged it minutes later. Republican
legislators in more than 3 dozen states sought to challenge the bill
contending that it will infringe on state sovereignty and individual
freedoms. The bill included a 2.3% excise tax on medical devices set
to begin in 2013.
(AP, 3/23/10)(SFC, 3/24/10, p.A12)(SSFC, 3/28/10,
p.A10)(Econ, 3/31/12, p.37)
2010 Mar 23, Talks between US
President Barack Obama and Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu failed to
produce signs they had ended a dispute which Netanyahu said could
block the Middle East peace process for a year.
2010 Mar 23, The US Federal
Reserve issued new rules to protect Americans from getting stung by
unexpected fees or restrictions on gift cards.
2010 Mar 23, In Texas 4 police
officers were captured on videotape beating burglary suspect Chad
Holley (16). The 4 officers were fired. In 2012 former officer
Andrew Blomberg was found not guilty of official oppression.
(SFC, 5/17/12, p.A8)(http://tinyurl.com/75oebn2)
2010 Mar 23, Internet giant
Google led high-profile criticism of Australia's controversial plan
to filter the Internet, saying it went too far and could set a
2010 Mar 23, Jim Marshall
(b.1936), legendary rock and roll photographer, died in a NYC hotel.
(SFC, 3/25/10, p.A1)
2010 Mar 23, In northeastern
Afghanistan the bodies of 30 people were recovered from the site of
avalanche in the remote Arghang Khzahkha district north of Faizabad.
The remains of five other people lost in the snow slide that
occurred two weeks ago have not yet been located.
2010 Mar 23, Austria’s
Graz-Seckau diocese said a priest has resigned after admitting he
abused a 17-year-old boy. The priest reportedly stepped down of his
own accord for the abuse that happened more than 20 years ago on a
vacation. 2 other priests have also been suspended as a
precautionary measure because one was convicted of committing a
homosexual act with a 17-year-old and the other was convicted of
exhibitionism in cases dating back about 15 and 20 years.
2010 Mar 23, Britain expelled
an Israeli diplomat to rebuke Israel for its alleged use of forged
British passports in the assassination of a Hamas operative in a
suspected Mossad hit.
2010 Mar 23, In eastern China a
former doctor, Zheng Minsheng (41), armed with a large knife
rampaged outside an elementary school, stabbing 8 young children to
death and wounding 5 others at the Nanping City Experimental
Elementary School in Fujian province. On April 8 the Intermediate
People's Court in Nanping city sentenced Minsheng to death.
(AP, 3/23/10)(AP, 4/8/10)
2010 Mar 23, Colombian forces
rescued 5 subcontractors of Occidental Petroleum, who were kidnapped
near the Venezuelan last week by suspected leftist guerrillas.
(SFC, 3/24/10, p.A2)
2010 Mar 23, Luxury goods
manufacturers said a ruling from the EU's highest court will stop
Google Inc. selling their brand names as advertising keywords to
unauthorized sellers or counterfeiters.
2010 Mar 23, In India at least
four people died and 18 others were injured when a fire engulfed a
landmark building in the heart of the eastern city of Kolkata.
2010 Mar 23, The Macro Centre
for Political Economics said in a report that spending on Jewish
settlements in the West Bank over the past 4 decades has totaled
around $17.4 billion. An Israeli air strike on the Gaza Strip
overnight injured four people.
(AP, 3/23/10)(AFP, 3/23/10)
2010 Mar 23, Kyrgyzstan's Pres.
Kurmanbek Bakiyev said that Western-style democracy has run its
course in the ex-Soviet Central Asian country, prompting fears of a
further decline in political freedoms.
2010 Mar 23, In Libya Seif
al-Islam Gadhafi said 34 members of the Libyan Islamic Fighting
Group, including its leader, were sent home after they affirmed they
had broken ties with the organization. The group is suspected of
having links to al-Qaida.
2010 Mar 23, Two Nigerian oil
workers were found dead in the oil-rich Niger Delta region after
being kidnapped on March 13.
2010 Mar 23, Pakistani
hardliners vowed to wage a holy war to liberate the disputed
Himalayan state of Kashmir from Indian control. A suspected US
missile struck a house in North Waziristan killing 3 people.
(AFP, 3/23/10)(SFC, 3/24/10, p.A4)
2010 Mar 23, At the CITES
convention in Qatar Asian nations blocked US-backed proposals to
protect the heavily fished hammerhead and oceanic whitetip sharks on
concerns that regulating the booming trade in fins could hurt poor
2010 Mar 23, Senegal's national
assembly adopted a bill declaring slavery and the slave trade crimes
against humanity, moving closer to becoming the first African nation
to pass such legislation.
2010 Mar 23, Somali pirates
hijacked the Malta-flagged MV Frigia, a Turkish ship with 21 crew on
board. A 2nd hijacking, of the refrigerated MV Talca, took place off
the coast of Oman. Private security guards shot and killed a Somali
pirate during an attack on a merchant ship off the coast of East
Africa in what is believed to be the first such killing by armed
contractors. The guards were onboard the MV Almezaan when a pirate
group approached it twice. During the 2nd approach on the
Panamanian-flagged cargo ship, which is United Arab Emirates owned,
there was an exchange of fire between the guards and the pirates.
The Spanish warship Navarra intercepted two skiffs and a larger
vessel believed to be a pirate mothership. Spanish forces arrested
the six remaining pirates, took custody of the pirate's body and
sunk the larger boat. The 6 pirates were soon released after the
captain of the MV Almezaan said he could not identify the men
detained by the Spanish navy as the group of pirates who attacked
him. The Talca was freed on May 11 along with its 25 crew members 3
days after a ransom was paid. The Frigia was freed on July 29, 2010.
(AP, 3/23/10)(AP, 3/24/10)(SFC, 3/24/10,
p.A2)(AP, 3/25/10)(AP, 5/11/10)(AP, 7/29/10)
2010 Mar 23, Yemeni security
courts sentenced two opposition leaders to prison for allegedly
working against national unity and calling for secession of the
country's south. Ahmed Bamualem, a leader in the southern movement
and former member of parliament who was detained in April, was
sentenced to 10 years in jail. Retired army Brig. Gen. Ali Mohammed
al-Saadi, also active in the movement, received a 15-month sentence.
2011 Mar 23, President Barack
Obama left El Salvador earlier than scheduled, cutting short a
Central American tour dominated by the US-led military action in
2011 Mar 23, A grand jury in
Dallas indicted 3 Texas men on federal gun and conspiracy charges
after officials linked them to a gun used in the Feb 15 shooting
death of US agent Jaime Zapata in Mexico. Ranferi Osorio (27), a
veteran of the Afghanistan and Iraq wars, his brother Otilio Osorio
(22), and their neighbor Kelvin Leon Morrison (25), all residents of
the southern Dallas suburb of Lancaster were in custody.
2011 Mar 23, Professor John
Milnor of Stony Brook University in New York won the 6 million
kroner ($1 million) Abel Prize for mathematics.
2011 Mar 23, Hollywood actress
Elizabeth Taylor (79), famed her striking beauty and a film career
that spanned five decades, died in Los Angeles.
2011 Mar 23, Scientists warned
that up to 45 rare species of wallaby, bandicoot and other
Australian animals could become extinct within 20 years unless
urgent action is taken to control introduced predators and other
2011 Mar 23, In Afghanistan a
NATO helicopter gunship inadvertently killed two civilians while
attacking suspected insurgents in the eastern province of Khost. 2
British soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb in Helmand province.
2011 Mar 23, In Canada an oil
company worker in northern Alberta unearthed a 110-million-year-old
dinosaur fossil, an ankylosaur. The plant-eating dinosaur with
powerful limbs, armor plating and a club-like tail wasn't supposed
to be there because millions of years ago the area was covered by
2011 Mar 23, A Chinese
state-run news website said 7 people, allegedly involved in plotting
terrorist activities, have been sentenced to death for robbery and
murder in China's far western region of Xinjiang. The report said
the 7 were among a dozen people who met and raised funds between
June 2008 and October 2010 to carry out "violent, terrorist"
2011 Mar 23, China’s state
auditors reported that $28 million had been embezzled from its 1,300
km high-speed line between Beijing and Shanghai.
(Econ, 4/2/11, p.34)
2011 Mar 23, Cuba released the
last two of 75 dissidents jailed in a 2003 crackdown, closing a
controversial chapter in the long battle between the island's
communist-led government and its opponents.
2011 Mar 23, Egypt's stock
market plunged almost 9 percent, with foreign investors leading a
sell-off in the market's first session in nearly two months
following a shutdown linked to the mass protests that toppled former
President Hosni Mubarak. The military government handed down new
constitutional rules easing curbs that choked political life under
Mubarak, opening the door for the formation of new parties that will
compete in elections this year.
(AP, 3/23/11)(Reuters, 3/24/11)(SFC, 3/24/11,
2011 Mar 23, Amnesty
International condemned the "shocking" treatment of 18 women
protesters in Egypt after serious allegations that the army
subjected them to torture and forced "virginity tests."
2011 Mar 23, Germany approved
legislation whereby citizens, who were sexually abused as children,
will now have up to 30 years after their 21st birthday to bring
their alleged attackers before the courts.
2011 Mar 23, The Israeli
parliament approved a pair of laws that critics said were
discriminatory and aimed against the country's Arab minority, who
made up roughly one-fifth of Israel's 7.7 million people. A bomb
exploded at a bus stop in central Jerusalem, killing a British
woman, Mary Jean Gardner (59), and wounding 38 people. Two Grad
rockets slammed into the Israeli city of Beersheva, as Gaza
militants vowed to strike deep into the Jewish state after raids
killed 8 Gazans.
(AP, 3/23/11)(AFP, 3/23/11)(SFC, 3/24/11,
p.A5)(SFC, 3/25/11, p.A3)
2011 Mar 23, In Jamaica an
independent investigator for the parliament called for the creation
of a special agency to fight corruption, asserting official graft
has reached "systemic" levels in the Caribbean country.
2011 Mar 23, Japan said the
cost of rebuilding the country after its biggest recorded earthquake
could be as much as 25 trillion yen ($309 billion). A spike in
radiation levels in Tokyo tap water, twice the level acceptable for
infants, spurred new fears about food safety. Rising smoke forced
another evacuation of workers trying to stabilize the Fukushima
nuclear plant. Police said nearly 9,500 people are dead after an
earthquake and tsunami with over 16,000 still missing.
(AFP, 3/23/11)(AP, 3/23/11)
2011 Mar 23, In Libya
international airstrikes forced Moammar Gadhafi's forces to withdraw
tanks that were besieging Misrata, while people fleeing Ajdabiya in
the east said the situation was deteriorating amid relentless
shelling. Libyan rebels appointed an executive committee under prime
minister Mahmoud Jibril (b.1952).
(AP, 3/23/11)(Econ, 9/10/11,
2011 Mar 23, Mexican
authorities said they have detained Victor Manuel Felix, an in-law
of top drug lord Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman, who allegedly ran a
transnational drug operation that reached as far as Ecuador. 8 other
people were detained along with Felix in raids in three Mexican
states that began last week. Raids in Ecuador resulted in the
detention of 9 suspects. The navy announced it had detained 7 local
police officers, most from the Monterrey suburb of San Nicolas de
los Garza, on suspicion of working for drug cartels. A daylight
shooting in Monterey, thought to involve rival drug gangs, killed a
teenage boy and 2 adult males.
2011 Mar 23, In Myanmar
Benedict Rogers, author of "Than Shwe: Unmasking Burma's Tyrant,"
was deported from the country after being identified by secret
2011 Mar 23, NATO nations
offered an armada of ships and submarines to enforce an arms embargo
against Libya, as Western allies sought to settle a row over the
organization's role in a no-fly zone.
2011 Mar 23, In southwest
Pakistan rocket attacks killed four people in Quetta City.
2011 Mar 23, Portugal’s PM Jose
Socrates resigned after parliament rejected new austerity measures
that his government unveiled to avoid being forced to seek EU/IMF
2011 Mar 23, South Africa’s
University of Johannesburg voted to sever ties with Israel's
Ben-Gurion University, acting on calls from hundreds of South
African academics and intellectuals for an academic boycott in a
growing campaign to isolate Israel for its attacks on Palestinians
in Gaza. It will end a 25-year relationship on April 1, but
professors can continue to work individually with Ben-Gurion.
2011 Mar 23, South Sudan's army
(SPLA) accused the north of bombing its territory, violating a 2005
peace deal ahead of the oil-producing region's independence.
2011 Mar 23, Syrian security
forces shot live ammunition and tear gas near the Omari mosque in
Daraa where protesters have been camped out. At least 15 people were
killed in an operation that began before dawn.
(AP, 3/23/11)(SFC, 3/24/11, p.A4)(Econ, 3/26/11,
2011 Mar 23, A report by Human
Rights Watch said Uganda’s Rapid Response Unit, a branch of the
police service, has engaged in torture, illegal detention and
(SFC, 3/24/11, p.A5)
2011 Mar 23, Yemen's parliament
enacted sweeping emergency laws after the country's embattled
president asked for new powers of arrest, detention and censorship
to quash a popular uprising demanding his ouster.
2012 Mar 23, President Barack
Obama selected Jim Yong Kim (52), the president of Dartmouth
College, to lead the World Bank. The Korean-American is known for
his work in fighting disease in impoverished countries. Nigerian
Finance Minister Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala and former Colombian finance
minister Jose Antonio Ocampo were also nominated.
2012 Mar 23, The Obama
administration said it would resume military aid to Egypt.
(SFC, 3/24/12, p.A2)
2012 Mar 23, The US military
filed charges against Army Staff Sgt. Robert Bales including 17
counts of premeditated murder, more than half of them children,
during a march 11 shooting rampage in southern Afghanistan.
2012 Mar 23, In Sacramento,
Ca., Frederick Salyer (56), the former owner of SK Foods, pleaded
guilty to running the company as a racketeering enterprise that
bribed purchasers, fixed prices and doctored lab tests of moldy
tomato paste. Salyer served as CEO from 1999-2009, when the company
filed for bankruptcy. Salyer was arrested in Feb, 2010, during a
brief return to the US from Andorra. In 2013 he was sentenced to 6
years in federal prison and ordered to forfeit $3.45 million.
(SFC, 3/24/12, p.D5)(SFC, 2/13/13, p.E3)
2012 Mar 23, In California
Sandra Jessee (61) was sentenced to life in prison for the August
13, 1998, murder of her 3rd husband. She had him murdered to avoid
paying for his cancer treatment and to collect insurance money.
(SFC, 3/24/12, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/7wx9dol)
2012 Mar 23, California border
patrol officials found 13 pounds of methamphetamine in the gas tank
of a car being towed through a checkpoint in Temecula. Another 38
pounds of the drug were found in the panel of a car at the same
checkpoint on March 25.
(SSFC, 3/25/12, p.A10)
2012 Mar 23, In San Francisco
the bodies of 5 people were found in a row house at 16 Howth Street
near City College. On March 25 police arrested Binh Thai Luc (35) on
suspicion of the five murders.
(SFC, 3/24/12, p.A1)(SFC, 3/26/12, p.A1)
2012 Mar 23, Utah Gov. Gary
Herbert signed a bill demanding that the federal government
relinquish control of public lands in the state by 2014.
(SFC, 3/24/12, p.A7)
2012 Mar 23, Afghan police in
Kandahar province seized two tractor-towed trailers with at least 17
tons of explosives insurgents were planning to use for improvised
explosive devices. The shipment was coming from Quetta, Pakistan,
and the drivers were killed in the operation. An Afghan civilian was
killed when a NATO vehicle collided with another driven by a local
resident in Lashkar Gah.
(AP, 3/24/12)(AFP, 3/25/12)
2012 Mar 23, Australian police
said they have smashed a child porn ring and arrested 14 men,
including fathers, after hundreds of thousands of images and videos
were seized, some depicting toddlers. Police raided more than a
dozen properties across the country over the past week after a
tip-off by Interpol, which linked the men to a child exploitation
network in Germany.
2012 Mar 23, Britain’s PM David
Cameron announced that the government will introduce a minimum price
per unit of alcohol in England and Wales to tackle binge-drinking.
2012 Mar 23, In Britain a group
of 35 Nigerian villages sued Royal Dutch Shell PLC claiming that the
company’s slow response to two spills in 2008 left their delta
region soaked in crude oil.
(SFC, 3/24/12, p.A2)
2012 Mar 23, In China Li
Mengnan (17) randomly attacked medical staff with a fruit knife
after accusing a doctor of refusing to provide treatment for a
chronic spinal condition. He killed the intern, Wang Hao (28), and
injured three others before trying to kill himself. On Oct 19
Mengnan was sentenced to life in prison.
2012 Mar 23, Egyptian officials
reached an agreement with Israel to permit the transfer of fuel to
enable Gaza's sole power plant to function. Some 450,000 liters of
fuel were delivered to the crisis-hit Gaza Strip through Israel's
Kerem Shalom border crossing.
2012 Mar 23, El Salvador’s El
Diario de Hoy newspaper reported that leaders of the Barrio18 and
Mara Salvatrucha gangs have reached a truce to reduce the country’s
homicide rate. The government of Pres. Mauricio Funes brokered the
truce between the Barrio18, led by Carlos Mojica Lechuga, and the
Mara Salvatrucha streets gangs.
(SFC, 3/24/12, p.A2)(Econ, 2/8/14, p.16)
2012 Mar 23, In India Maoists
seized Orissa politician Jhina Hikaka (37) as he was being driven
through a hilly area, 450 km (280 miles) from state capital
Bhubaneswar and stuffed his car with Maoist propaganda posters.
2012 Mar 23, In India health
activists blamed the government for inadequate tuberculosis
treatment and the spiraling number of drug-resistant cases. An
estimated 99,000 cases of drug-resistant TB were being added each
(SFC, 3/24/12, p.A2)
2012 Mar 23, In northern Iraq
19 detainees, including two men sentenced to death and members of
Al-Qaeda and Ansar al-Sunna, escaped from Al-Tasfirat prison in
(AFP, 3/23/12)(AFP, 3/24/12)
2012 Mar 23, Hundreds of
Jordanians demonstrated against what they charged was
"procrastination" on reform in the country, as opposition Islamists
vowed to continue their protests.
2012 Mar 23, Mali's Tuareg
rebels vowed to press on with an campaign to seize the north as coup
leaders faced a global backlash with Europe suspending aid and
African security chiefs calling an emergency meeting. The AU
suspended Mali until the return of a constitutional order and sent a
joint delegation with the West African regional bloc ECOWAS.
2012 Mar 23, Pope Benedict XVI
arrived in Mexico as part of a pilgrimage that will also take him to
Cuba. He denounced the drug-fueled violence wracking Mexico and
urged Cubans to use dialogue to find new models to replace Marxism.
The faithful lined more than 20 miles (32 km) of the pope's route
from the airport into Leon shouting the ultimate welcome: "Benedict,
brother, you are now Mexican!"
2012 Mar 23, Norwegian
fertilizer giant Yara International said it had uncovered
"unacceptable payments" in Switzerland in connection with a
corruption probe into its activities in Libya. The company asked
last year for an external investigation after discovering possible
financial misdeeds committed before October 2008 in connection with
the creation of its Lifeco joint venture in Libya.
2012 Mar 23, In northwest
Pakistan a Taliban suicide bomber attacked the headquarters of
rival group Lashkar-e-Islam, killing at least five people in Akakhel
town in the Tirah valley of Khyber district.
2012 Mar 23, Abdullahi Yusuf
(78), former president of the Transitional Federal Government of
Somalia (2004-2008), died in a hospital in Dubai. He rose from a
guerrilla warrior to president of Somalia only to watch his
administration crumble under a ferocious Islamic insurgency.
2012 Mar 23, In South Africa
Julius Malema (31), the radical youth leader whom the ruling ANC is
trying to rid itself of, repeated a call for the expropriation of
white-owned farms at the press club in Pretoria after receiving its
Newsmaker of the Year 2011 award.
2012 Mar 23, Syrian government
forces fired machine guns and mortars in fierce clashes with rebel
army defectors in a town near the Turkish border. EU foreign
ministers imposed sanctions on the wife and three other close
relatives of Syrian President Bashar Assad. The LCC said a total of
at least 18 people were killed throughout the country. Tens of
thousands of Syrians braved tear gas and gunfire to protest across
the country, vowing to storm the capital Damascus to oust President
2012 Mar 23, PM Yingluck
Shinawatra said Thailand will spend more than $70 billion on
infrastructure over the next five years as she outlined the
challenges facing the country after last year's floods.
2012 Mar 23, Turkish police
detained two people of Iranian descent after an attack on the
Iranian embassy in the capital Ankara. The suspects are said to have
carried out the attack because of slow processing of their visa
applications by the embassy.
2012 Mar 23, Turkish forces
killed 15 female Kurdish rebel fighters in Bitlis province.
(SSFC, 3/25/12, p.A6)
2012 Mar 23, Uganda charged 53
people with treason over an alleged rebel plot to overthrow the
2012 Mar 23, The UN Human
Rights Council adopted a resolution urging Libya's new rulers to
probe all alleged abuses, but threw out a Russian proposal calling
for a halt to arbitrary detentions.
2012 Mar 23, In Yemen tens of
thousands of protesters across the country demanded that ex-Pres.
Saleh be stripped of immunity from prosecution and be put on trial
the deaths of demonstrators opposing his rule.
(SFC, 3/24/12, p.A2)
2013 Mar 23, The US Pentagon
said it has reached an agreement to transfer the Parwan Detention
Facility to Afghan control.
(SSFC, 2/24/13, p.A5)
2013 Mar 23, Boris Berezovsky
(67), fervent critic of Russian President Vladimir Putin, died in
unclear circumstances at his home in Ascot, 25 miles (40 km) west of
London. A Home Office pathologist soon found the cause of death to
be consistent with hanging.
(Reuters, 3/24/13)(Reuters, 3/25/13)
2013 Mar 23, In Central African
Republic Seleka rebels took control of the town of Bossembele,
pushing closer to the capital, Bangui.
2013 Mar 23, In CongoDRC
at least 35 people were killed after hundreds of militia fighters
attacked the southeast mining center of Lubumbashi. 245 Mai Mai
fighters surrendered to UN peacekeepers.
2013 Mar 23, In Indonesia 8
members of the Kopassus special forces forced their way into
Cebongan prison in southern Java. Sgt. Ucok Tigor Simbolon shot dead
4 men, who had been detained on suspicion of killing a soldier. In
Sep Sgt Simbolon was found guilty of murder and sentenced to 11
years in prison. Two accomplices were sentenced to 6 and 8 years.
(Econ, 9/14/13, p.53)
2013 Mar 23, In Ivory
Coast Oulai Tako, known as "Tarzan of the West," was among
three assailants killed by soldiers responding to an attack. Two
civilians and a traditional hunter were also killed in the attack on
Petit Guiglo village 15 miles (25km) outside Blolequin.
(AP, 3/24/13)(SSFC, 2/24/13, p.A5)
2013 Mar 23, Lebanese President
Michel Suleiman formally accepted the resignation of PM Najib
Mikati, who stepped down blaming government infighting during a time
of rising sectarian tensions.
2013 Mar 23, In Mali Islamic
extremists infiltrated and attacked the northern city of Gao. Malian
forces engaged the fighters and they retreated.
2013 Mar 23, In Nigeria a
British businessman was kidnapped in Victoria Island, a part of
Lagos. Initial reports said the victim was an American. The British
national was released on March 27.
(SFC, 3/25/13, p.A2)(AP, 3/26/13)(Reuters,
2013 Mar 23, Northern Irish
police defused a bomb in a car in Enniskillen, close to where G8
leaders will meet at a summit in June, and said that the device was
likely to have been intended for a police station nearby.
2013 Mar 23, Pakistani cricket
legend-turned politician Imran Khan (60) rallied around 100,000
flag-waving supporters in the eastern city of Lahore ahead of a
historic national election later this spring.
2013 Mar 23, In Pakistan a car
packed with explosives exploded next to a pair of fuel tankers at an
army check post, killing 17 soldiers and wounding dozens in North
2013 Mar 23, In eastern
Pakistan a bus has overturned on a highway after hitting a roadside
electricity pole, killing at least 32 passengers.
2013 Mar 23, Spanish,
Portuguese and British police boarded a ship loaded with nearly two
tons of cocaine destined for sale in Europe and arrested nine
people. The ship was in the Atlantic Ocean, some 700 miles southwest
of Portugal's Cape Verde islands.
2013 Mar 23, Syrian rebels
seized control of the air defense base used by the regime’s 38th
Division after a 16-day siege. The Syrian Observatory for Human
Rights said 35 opposition fighters died in the fighting. It lost
contact with more than 20 others believed to have died in the
2013 Mar 23, In Ukraine the
city of Kiev declared a state of emergency after it was paralyzed by
an unprecedented snowstorm that has stalled car, railway and air