Today in History - March 27

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922        Mar 27, Al-Hallaj al-Mughith-al-Hsayn Mansur (64), Persian mystic, was beheaded.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1194         Mar 27, The Archbishop of Canterbury, on behalf of King Richard I, talked with the rebels inside the castle at Nottingham, who soon surrendered.
    (ON, 8/07, p.10)

1350        Mar 27, While besieging Gibraltar, Alfonso XI of Castille died of the black death.
    (HN, 3/27/99)

1378        Mar 27, Gregory XI, [Pierre R the Beaufort], last French Pope (1370-78), died.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1513        Mar 27, Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon sighted Florida.
    (AP, 3/27/97)(HN, 3/27/98)

1519        Mar 27, A truce was arranged with Cortes when Mayan caciques brought food and gold as well as 20 female slaves. Among these was a young woman from Jalisco named Marina, who had been stolen from a noble family when small and sold into slavery, where she learned the language of Yucatán. As a bilingual translator from Aztec to Mayan, Marina played a major role in the eventual conquest of Tenochtitlán.
    (http://www.athenapub.com/cortes1.htm)

1599        Mar 27, Robert Devereux became Lt-general of Ireland.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1625        Mar 27, James I (VI), Stuart king of Scotland (1567), England (1603-25), died. He was described as the “wisest fool in Christendom."
    (www.jesus-is-lord.com/kingbio.htm)(Econ, 12/18/04, p.130)
1625        Mar 27, Charles I (d.1649) became the English king. He was King of England, Ireland and Scotland until he was beheaded.
    (AP, 3/27/97)(WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A12)

1668        Mar 27, English king Charles II gave Bombay to the East India Company.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1710        Mar 27, Joseph Marie Clement dall' Abaco, composer, was born.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1746        Mar 27, Carlo Bonaparte, Corsican attorney, father of emperor Napoleon, was born.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1757        Mar 27, Johann Wenzel Anton Stamitz (39), composer, died.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1761        Mar 27, Johann Ludwig Steiner (72), composer, died.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1769        Mar 27, Josef Antonin Gurecky (60), composer, died.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1770        Mar 27, Giovanni B. Tiepolo (73), Italian painter (Banquet of Cleopatra), died.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1780        Mar 27, August L. Crelle, German inventor, mathematician (1st Prussian Railway), was born.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1785        Mar 27, Louis XVII, Pretender to the throne (1793-1795) during the French Revolution, was born. His father may have been Marie Antoinette’s Swedish lover, Count Axel von Fersen.
    (HN, 3/27/98)(SFC, 4/20/00, p.A18)(MC, 3/27/02)

1790        Mar 27, The shoelace was invented.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1794        Mar 27, The US Congress approved "An Act to provide a Naval Armament" of six armed ships. [see Oct 13, 1775]
    (AP, 3/27/07)

1802        Mar 27, The Treaty of Amiens was signed ending the French Revolutionary War.
    (HN, 3/27/98)

1808        Mar 27, Joseph Haydn’s oratorio "The Seasons," premiered in Vienna.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1809        Mar 27, Georges-Eugene Haussmann (d.1891), French town planner, was born. He designed modern-day Paris.
    (HN, 3/27/01)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baron_Haussmann)

1813        Mar 27, Nathaniel Currier, lithographer for Currier and Ives, was born.
    (HN, 3/27/98)

1814        Mar 27, General Jackson led U.S. soldiers who killed 700 Creek Indians at Horseshoe Bend, La. [in Northern Alabama] Jackson lost 49 men.
    (SFEC, 2/16/97, BR p.4)(HN, 3/27/99)

1836        Mar 27, The first Mormon temple was dedicated, in Kirtland, Ohio.
    (AP, 3/27/97)(HN, 3/27/98)
1836        Mar 27, Mexican Colonel Jose Nicolas de la Portilla executed his Texan prisoners at Goliad. Colonel Portilla had the 342 Texians marched out of Fort Defiance into three columns. The Texians were then fired on at point-blank range. The wounded and dying were then clubbed and stabbed. Those who survived the initial volley were run down by the Mexican cavalry.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goliad_Campaign)

1841        Mar 27, The first U.S. steam fire engine was tested in New York City.
    (HN, 3/27/98)

1845        Mar 27, Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (d.1923), German scientist, was born. He discovered X-rays (Nobel-1901).
    (HN, 3/27/99)(MC, 3/27/02)

1849        Mar 27, Joseph Couch patented a steam-powered percussion rock drill.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1850        Mar 27, The party of Dr. Thadeus Hildreth found a 22-pound gold nugget in Tuolemne County, Ca. The place was initially named Hildreth’s Diggings, then changed to New Camp, then American Camp and finally Columbia. The population soon swelled to 15,000.
    (SFEC, 1/5/97, p.T5)(SFEC, 3/19/00, p.T6)(CVG, Vol 16, p.1)

1851        Mar 27, Paul-Marie-Theodore-Vincent d'Indy, composer (Symphonie Cevenole), was born in Paris.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1855        Mar 27, Abraham Gesner patented kerosene.
    (HN, 3/27/98)

1860        Mar 27, M.L. Byrn patented a "covered gimlet screw with a 'T' handle" (corkscrew).
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1861        Mar 27, Black demonstrators in Charleston staged ride-ins on street cars.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1863        Mar 27, Sir Henry Royce, Rolls Royce founder, was born. [see Mar 26]
    (HN, 3/27/98)
1863        Mar 27, Confederate Pres. Jefferson Davis called for this to be a day of fasting and prayer.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1865        Mar 27, Siege of Spanish Fort, AL. It was captured by Federals.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1866        Mar 27, President Andrew Johnson vetoed the civil rights bill, which later became the 14th amendment.
    (HN, 3/27/98)
1866        Mar 27, Andrew Rankin patented the urinal.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1868        Mar 27, John Muir (30) arrived by steamer in San Francisco and almost immediately set off on a 300-mile journey to Yosemite Valley along with Englishman Joseph Chilwell.
    (SSFC, 4/2/06, p.B1)(SSFC, 5/14/06, p.B3)

1871        Mar 27, Heinrich Mann, Germany, novelist, essayist (Blue Angel); brother of Thomas Mann, was born.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1879        Mar 27, Edward Steichen, pioneer of American photography, was born.
    (HN, 3/27/98)

1884        Mar 27, The first long-distance telephone call was made, between Boston and New York City. [see Mar 24, 1883]
    (AP, 3/27/97)(HN, 3/27/98)

1886        Mar 27, Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe, German-US architect (Bauhaus), was born.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1889        Mar 27, John Bright (b.1811), Quaker and British Radical and Liberal statesman, died. He was associated with Richard Cobden in the formation of the Anti-Corn Law League. In 2011 Bill Cash authored “John Bright: Statesman, Orator, Agitator."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Bright)(Econ, 12/31/11, p.68)

1892        Mar 27, Ferde (Ferdinand Rudolf von) Grof, composer, was born in NY.
    (MC, 3/27/02)
1892        Mar 27, Thorne Smith, author (Topper, Rain in the Doorway, Stray Lamb), was born.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1893        Mar 27, The American Bell telephone Company made its first long distance telephone call to its branch office in New York.
    (HN, 3/27/99)

1899        Mar 27, The first international radio transmission between England and France was achieved by the Italian inventor G. Marconi.
    (HN, 3/27/99)

1900        Mar 27, The London Parliament passed the War Loan Act which gave 35 million pounds to the Boer War cause.
    (HN, 3/27/98)

1906        Mar 27, Pee Wee Russell, jazz clarinetist, was born.
    (HN, 3/27/01)

1910        Mar 27, John Robinson Pierce, the father of communications satellites, was born.
    (HN, 3/27/01)
1910        Mar 27, Alexander E. Agassiz (74), US businessman, biologist, geologist, died.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1912        Mar 27, James Callaghan (d.2005), British prime minister (1976-1979), was born in Portsmouth, England.
    (SSFC, 3/27/05, p.A21)
1912        Mar 27, The first cherry blossom trees, a gift from Japan, were planted in Washington, D.C. First Lady Helen Herron Taft and the Viscountess Chinda, wife of the Japanese ambassador, planted two Yoshina cherry trees on the northern bank of the Potomac Tidal Basin, near the Jefferson Memorial. The event was held in celebration of a gift, by the Japanese government, of 3,020 trees to the US government for planting along Washington's Potomac River.
    (HN, 3/27/98)

1914        Mar 27, Budd Schulberg, journalist, novelist and screenwriter (What Makes Sammy Run, On the Waterfront), was born in NYC.
    (HN, 3/27/01)(MC, 3/27/02)
1914        Mar 27, 1st successful blood transfusion took place in Brussels.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1917        Mar 27, Cyrus Vance (d.2002) was born in Clarksburg. In 1980 President Carter accepted the resignation of Secretary of State Cyrus Vance, who had opposed the failed rescue mission aimed at freeing American hostages in Iran.
    (AP, 4/28/97)(SSFC, 1/13/02, p.A27)
1917        Mar 27, The Seattle Metropolitans became the first U.S. team to win the Stanley Cup as they defeated the Montreal Canadiens.
    (AP, 3/27/97)

1920        Mar 27, Richard Hayman, bandleader, conductor, pianist (Theme of 3 Penny Opera), was born.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1923        Mar 27, Louis Simpson, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet, was born.
    (HN, 3/27/01)

1924        Mar 27, Sarah Vaughan, 'the Divine One,' jazz singer, was born. She was famous for singing "What a Difference a Day Makes."
    (HN, 3/27/99)

1927        Mar 27, Mstislav Leopold Rostropovich, cellist, conductor, was born in Baku, Azerbaijan, USSR.
    (MC, 3/27/02)(Internet)

1928        Mar 27, The U.S. accepted the new oil-land laws enacted by Mexico, ending a long-standing dispute between Mexico and the United States.
    (HN, 3/27/98)

1930        Mar 27, David Janssen, [Meyer], actor (Fugitive, Harry O) and son of Clark Gable, was born in Naponee, Nebraska.
    (MC, 3/27/02)
1930        Mar 27, 1st US radio broadcast from a ship at sea.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1931        Mar 27, David Janssen (d.1980), later TV star ("Fugitive," "Harry O"), was born as  (David Harold Meyer) in Naponee, Nebraska.
    (Internet)
1931        Mar 27, Charlie Chaplin received France's distinguished Legion of Honor.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1933        Mar 27, Some 55,000 people staged a protest against Hitler in New York.
    (HN, 3/27/98)
1933        Mar 27, Polythene was discovered by Reginald Gibson and Eric William Fawcett.
    (MC, 3/27/02)
1933        Mar 27, Japan left the League of Nations.
    (www.indiana.edu/~league/1933.htm)

1938        Mar 27, The U.S. stopped buying Mexican silver in reprisal for the Mexican seizure of American oil companies.
    (HN, 3/27/98)
1938        Mar 27, San Francisco SPCA officer Al Girolo broke up a cockfight  at the back of 1363 Underwood Street in Hunters Point. 7 men were arrested and 6 roosters seized.
    (SSFC, 3/24/13, DB p.42)

1939        Mar 27, The Borley Rectory, reputedly the most haunted house in England, was severely damaged by a fire. It was demolished in 1944.
    (Econ, 11/20/10, p.97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borley_Rectory)

1940        Mar 27, Himmler ordered the building of Auschwitz concentration camp. [see Feb 21]
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1941        Mar 27, Britain leased defense bases in Trinidad to the U.S. for a period of 99 years.
    (HN, 3/27/98)
1941        Mar 27, Tokeo Yoshikawa arrived in Oahu, Hawaii, to begin spying for Japan on the U.S. Fleet at Pearl Harbor.
    (HN, 3/27/99)
1941        Mar 27, Hitler signed Directive 27 for an assault on Yugoslavia.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1942        Mar 27, Michael York, actor (Cabaret, Logan's Run, 3 Musketeers), was born in England.
    (MC, 3/27/02)
1942        Mar 27-28, Allies raided the Nazi submarine base at St. Nazaire, France.
    (HN, 3/27/98)(MC, 3/27/02)

1943        Mar 27, US began an assault on Fondouk-pass, Tunisia.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1944        Mar 27, One-thousand Jews left Drancy, France for the Auschwitz concentration camp.
    (HN, 3/27/98)
1944        Mar 27, Forty Jewish policemen were shot in the Riga Latvia ghetto by the Gestapo.
    (HN, 3/27/98)
1944        Mar 27, Some 2,000 Jews were murdered in Kaunas, Lithuania.
    (HN, 3/27/98)(MC, 3/27/02)

1945        Mar 27, Ella Fitzgerald and the Delta Rhythm Boys recorded "It's Only a Paper Moon."
    (MC, 3/27/02)
1945        Mar 27, General Dwight D. Eisenhower told reporters in Paris that German defenses on the Western Front had been broken.
    (AP, 3/27/97)(HN, 3/27/98)
1945        Mar 27, Iwo Jima was occupied, after 22,000 Japanese and 6,000 US killed.
    (MC, 3/27/02)
1945        Mar 27, US 20th Army corps captured Wiesbaden.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1950        Mar 27, Maria Ewing, opera singer, was born in Detroit, Mich.
    (http://classicalmanac.blogspot.com/2006/03/march-27.html)

1952        Mar 27, Elements of the U.S. Eighth Army reached the 38th parallel in Korea, the original dividing line between the two Koreas.
    (HN, 3/27/99)
1952        Mar 27, There was a failed assassination attempt of German Chancellor Adenauer.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1953        Mar 27, Charles Bohlen was named the U.S. ambassador to the USSR
    (HN, 3/27/98)

1955        Mar 27, Steve McQueen made his network TV debut on the Goodyear Playhouse.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1956        Mar 27, US seized the US communist newspaper "Daily Worker."
    (MC, 3/27/02)
1956        Mar 27, French commandos landed in Algeria.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1957        Mar 27, In the 29th Academy Awards "Around the World in 80 Days" won the Academy Award for best picture; Yul Brynner won best actor for "The King and I," Ingrid Bergman was awarded best actress for "Anastasia" and George Stevens received best director for "Giant."
    (AP, 3/27/07)

1958        Mar 27, The U.S. announced a plan to explore space near the moon.
    (HN, 3/27/98)
1958        Mar 27, CBS Labs announced new stereophonic records.
    (MC, 3/27/02)
1958        Mar 27, The Havana Hilton opened.
    (MC, 3/27/02)
1958        Mar 27, Nikita Khrushchev became Soviet premier in addition to First Secretary of the Communist Party.
    (AP, 3/27/97)(HN, 3/27/98)

1961        Mar 27, In San Francisco the hiring of the city’s first Negro milk route driver precipitated name calling an argument between Mayor George Christopher and Terry Francois, head of the local NAACP. The mayor said Teamsters Local 226 would not let Negroes into the union. Christopher, owner of Christopher Dairy Farms, had hired William Garrick (24) to run a route in South San Francisco serving schools and restaurants.
    (SSFC, 3/27/11, DB p.42)

1963        Mar 27, John F. Kennedy met with King Hassan II of Morocco.
    (HN, 3/27/98)

1964        Mar 27, On Good Friday, Valdez, Alaska, in Prince William Sound was rocked by an 8.6 earthquake, the largest ever recorded in North America. In 1977 seismologists pegged the quake at 9.2. It lasted 4 minutes and was followed by tsunamis and fires and 131 people were killed. Survivors moved 4 miles west to solid bedrock and rebuilt the town.
    (AP, 3/27/97)(SFEC, 2/8/98, p.T5)(SFEC, 4/5/98, Z1 p.8)(SFEC, 10/17/99, p.A3)(SFC, 11/26/99, p.C21)(WSJ, 9/13/01, p.B11)(SFC, 2/15/02, p.G8)(AP, 3/11/11)
1964        Mar 27, Great Train Robbers were sentenced to a total of 307 years behind bars.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1966        Mar 27, Anti-Vietnam war demonstrations took place in US, Europe and Australia.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1967        Mar 27, A North Vietnamese spokesman unequivocally rejected a new peace plan proposed by UN Sec. General U Thant (1907-1974) on March 14.
    (http://www.nybooks.com/articles/12091)

1968        Mar 27, Suharto succeeded Sukarno as president of Indonesia. Gen'l. Suharto thwarted a Communist coup and gradually assumed power. Thousands of alleged communists were executed amid widespread violence.
    (WSJ, 5/22/98, p.A15)(SFC, 9/8/99, p.A17)(MC, 3/27/02)
1968        Mar 27, Yuri Gagarin (b.1934), Soviet cosmonaut (Vostok I) and the first man to orbit the Earth, died while on a routine training flight out of Chkalovsky Air Base.
    (AP, 3/27/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuri_Gagarin)

1971        Mar 27, PM of India, Indira Gandhi, expressed full support of her government to the Bangladeshi struggle for independence. The Bangladesh-India border was opened to allow the Bangladeshi Refugees safe shelter in India.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indo-Pakistani_War_of_1971)

1972        Mar 27, The Addis Ababa accords ended fighting between north and south Sudan. It made the south a self-governing region. Pres. Gaafar Muhammed Nimeiri ended the 17 year civil war in the Sudan between the north and south.
    (www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/sudan-civil-war1.htm)(WSJ, 10/22/03, p.A4)

1973        Mar 27, Ruth Lewis Farkas (1907-1996), was appointed ambassador to Luxembourg by Pres. Nixon after she and her husband, founder of Alexander’s department stores, contributed $300,000 to Nixon’s re-election campaign.
    (SFC, 10/22/96, p.A18)(www.state.gov/r/pa/ho/po/com/10910.htm)
1973        Mar 27, The 45th Academy Awards were held in Los Angeles at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion. "The Godfather" won the Academy Award for best picture of 1972, but its star, Marlon Brando, refused to accept his Oscar for best actor. Liza Minnelli won best actress for "Cabaret."
    (AP, 3/27/98)(SFC, 3/19/02, p.D1)

1975        Mar 27, The 1st pipe of the Alaska oil pipeline was laid at Tonsina River.
    (www.alyeska-pipe.com/Pipelinefacts/Chronology.html)
1975        Mar 27, Arthur Bliss (b.1891), English composer, conductor (Checkmate), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Bliss)
1975        Mar 27, In Laos Communist Pathet Lao launched an attack against Hmong defenders.
    (http://countrystudies.us/laos/39.htm)

1976        Mar 27, In Washington DC the first 4.6 miles of track for the Washington Metro was completed. The Gallery Place metro station opened. Harry Weese (d.1998) Associates of Chicago did the design work. By 2012 Metrorail had 106.3 miles of track.
    (SFC, 11/4/98, p.C7)(WSJ, 12/16/98, p.B12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington_Metro)

1977        Mar 27, A KLM Boeing 747, attempting to take off, crashed into a Pan Am 747 on the Canary Island of Tenerife. 583 people were killed with 54 survivors.
    (SSFC, 10/17/04, p.B7)(AP, 3/27/07)

1978        Mar 27, Bob Fosse's "Dancin'" opened at Broadhurst Theater in NYC for 1,774 performances.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dancin')

1979        Mar 27, The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 8-1 that police could not stop motorists at random to check licenses and registrations unless there was reason to believe a law had been broken.
    (AP, 3/27/97)

1980        Mar 27, Mount St. Helens, dormant for 123 years, erupted with ash and steam. A crater formed at the summit and the north flank began to bulge.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A15)(http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2000/fs036-00/)
1980        Mar 27, The Alexander L. Kielland, a North Sea Norwegian floating oil field platform, capsized during a storm killing 123 workers. It was owned by the Stavanger Drilling Company of Norway and was on hire to the US company Phillips Petroleum at the time of the disaster.
    (AP, 3/27/02)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_L._Kielland_%28platform%29)

1982        Mar 27, The musical "Best Little Whorehouse in Texas" closed at 46th St in NYC after 1577 performances.
    (www.imagi-nation.com/moonstruck/albm94.html)

1983        Mar 27, Neil Simon's "Brighton Beach Memoirs," premiered in NYC.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=4212)

1984        Mar 27, "Starlight Express," a techno musical, roller-skating venture by Andrew Lloyd Weber and Richard Stilgoe, premiered at the Apollo Victoria Theatre, London.
    (SFC, 12/31/99, p.C6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Starlight_Express)

1987        Mar 27, The Marine Corps charged that Sgt. Clayton J. Lonetree, a Marine guard, had escorted Soviet agents through the U.S. Embassy in Moscow -- an accusation that was later dropped, although Lonetree was convicted of espionage.
    (AP, 3/27/97)

1988        Mar 27, Jesse Jackson, rejoicing from an upset victory in Michigan's primary-style caucuses the day before, vowed that his Democratic presidential campaign would continue to "win and grow."
    (AP, 3/27/98)

1989        Mar 27, Boris N. Yeltsin and other anti-establishment candidates claimed victory in parliamentary elections for the new Congress of People's Deputies.
    (AP, 3/27/99)

1990        Mar 27, The U.S. began test broadcasts of TV Marti to Cuba, which promptly jammed the signal.
    (AP, 3/27/00)
1990        Mar 27, Soviet soldiers began rounding up Lithuanians who had fled the Red Army after the republic's declaration of independence.
    (AP, 3/27/00)

1991        Mar 27, In a surprising flap, President Bush publicly disagreed with General H. Norman Schwarzkopf, who claimed he had urged further fighting in the Persian Gulf War at the time Bush ordered a cease-fire. Schwarzkopf later apologized to Bush.
    (AP, 3/27/01)

1992        Mar 27, Democratic presidential front-runner Bill Clinton, campaigning in New York, apologized for recently golfing at an all-white club.
    (AP, 3/27/97)
1992        Mar 27, German Chancellor Helmut Kohl met with Austrian President Kurt Waldheim in Munich, a meeting denounced by Jewish groups because of Waldheim's alleged involvement with Nazi persecution during World War II.
    (AP, 3/27/97)
1992        Mar 27, Lang Hancock (b.1909), pioneer Pilbara tycoon, died. He was famous for discovering the world's largest iron ore deposit in 1952 and becoming one of the richest men in Australia,
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lang_Hancock)(Econ, 4/19/08, p.53)

1993        Mar 27, A top U.N. relief official accused Bosnian Serbs of breaking their promises by blocking an aid convoy for trapped Muslims in eastern Bosnia, a day after a cease-fire agreement.
    (AP, 3/27/98)

1994        Mar 27, More than 40 people were killed as violent thunderstorms tore across the Southeast. A church in Piedmont, Alabama, collapsed in a tornado and 19 were killed.
    (AP, 3/27/99)
1994        Mar 27, Italians went to the polls in general elections that resulted in big gains for a right-wing coalition.
    (AP, 3/27/99)
1994        Mar 27, Ukraine held its first parliamentary elections since the collapse of the Soviet Union.
    (AP, 3/27/99)

1995        Mar 27, The 67th Academy Awards, held at the Shrine Auditorium in LA, was hosted by David Letterman. "Forrest Gump" won six Academy Awards, including best picture and a second consecutive Best Actor Oscar for Tom Hanks; Jessica Lange won Best Actress for "Blue Sky."
    (AP, 3/27/00)(SFC, 3/22/02, p.D1)
1995        Mar 27, Former President Jimmy Carter announced he had brokered a two-month cease-fire between Sudan's Islamic government and rebels.
    (AP, 3/27/00)
1995        Mar 27, Joanne Marie Mascha, an Ursuline Sister, was murdered while walking near her motherhouse just outside Cleveland.
    (MT, 3/96, p.10)
1995        Mar 27, In Italy Maurizio Gucci (46), businessman, was shot to death in Milan. He was the last family member to have held shares in the Gucci fashion company, now part of the Bahrain-based Investcorp. In 1997 police arrested his former wife, a psychic, a doorman, and two hitmen for their roles in the murder. In 1998 Patrizia Reggiani Martinelli (50) was convicted and sentenced to 29 years in prison. The psychic got 25, the doorman got 26, the driver got 29 and the gunman got life.
    (SFC, 2/1/97, p.A12)(SFC, 11/4/98, p.A13)

1996        Mar 27, The Gay’s Hill Baptist Church in Millen, Ga., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1996        Mar 27, Bangladesh passed a constitutional amendment setting up a process for calling new elections. Prime Minister Zia may resign soon.
    (WSJ, 3/27/96, p.A-1)
1996          Mar 27, In Algeria the Armed Islamic Group kidnapped seven French monks from the Notre Dame del’Atlas monastery near Medea.
    (SFC, 5/24/96, p.A14)
1996        Mar 27, The European Union imposed a global ban on British beef and beef products due to concerns over mad cow disease.
    (SFC, 6/14/96, p. A17)
1996        Mar 27, An Israeli court convicted Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin's confessed assassin of murder, then sentenced former law student Yigal Amir to life in prison.
    (AP, 3/27/97)
1996        Mar 27, The UN Security Council (Resolution 1051) established an export-import monitoring system for Iraq and demanded full cooperation.
    (SFC, 9/24/02, p.A12)

1997        Mar 27, Dexter King, son of Martin Luther King Jr., met with James Earl Ray, the man in prison for the assassination of the civil rights leader. Ray denied having anything to do with the shooting, to which King replied, "I believe you."
    (AP, 3/27/98)
1997        Mar 27, In Afghanistan an avalanche buried at least 100 people near the Salang tunnel north of Kabul.
    (WSJ, 3/28/97, p.A1)
1997        Mar 27, In Argentina it was reported that former economy minister Domingo Cavallo claimed that Alfredo Yabran, the country’s most successful businessman, led an all-powerful mafia of businessmen, politicians and judges.
    (SFC, 3/27/97, p.A14)
1997        Mar 27, In Nigeria villagers occupied a 7th oil installation on the Niger Delta in protests over local government elections. Tribesmen last week seized 6 Shell sites. This shut down 10% of Nigeria’s oil production.
    (WSJ, 3/28/97, p.A12)
1997        Mar 27, Russian workers staged a nationwide strike to demand overdue wages.
    (AP, 3/27/98)
1997        Mar 27, Ella Maillart (b.1903), Swiss sportswoman and travel writer, died. She chronicled the savage collectivisation of Karakalpak agriculture in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan in the 1930s.
    (Econ, 5/16/09, p.91)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ella_Maillart)

1998        Mar 27, The US Food and Drug Administration approved the drug Viagra, made by Pfizer, saying it helped about two-thirds of impotent men improve their sexual function. Viagra’s effects were shown to last 8-12 hours. Pfizer had originally tested the compound UK 92,480 as a drug for angina and found that male volunteers were getting frequent erections. They renamed it Viagra and sought sales approval.
    (AP, 3/27/99)(SFC, 5/28/02, p.A4)(Econ, 7/16/05, p.76)
1998        Mar 27, It was reported that toxic waste was sold to 454 fertilizer companies by 600 steel mills, foundries and chemical plants between 1990-1995.
    (WSJ, 3/27/98, p.A1,B8)
1998        Mar 27, In California federal documents were released that charged Dr. Aramais Paronyan with heading a $13 million Medi-Cal fraud ring from LA to SF.
    (SFEC, 3/29/98, p.E1)
1998        Mar 27, Robbers in Commerce, east of LA, escaped with $2.94 million in cash from a Dunbar Security armored car after shooting the driver.
    (SFC, 3/28/98, p.A14)
1998        Mar 27, Two Afghans convicted of murder had their throats cut in front of 30,000 spectators in Kabul’s sports stadium.
    (SFC, 3/28/98, p.A9)
1998        Mar 27, Ferdinand Porsche Jr., creator of the Porsche sports car, died at age 88 in Zell am See, Austria. He was born in Wiener-Neustadt and moved to Germany with his family after WW I where his father became chief engineer of Daimler-Benz, the manufacturer of the Mercedes Benz cars. He wrote an autobiography titled “Cars Are My Life."
    (SFC, 3/28/98, p.B12)(AP, 3/27/99)
1998        Mar 27, Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay signed a pact to heighten security on their triple frontier.
    (SFC, 3/28/98, p.A9)
1998        Mar 27, In Columbia rebels under Comandante Romana freed 9 Columbian hostages but held 4 American birdwatchers and an Italian businessman for ransom.
    (SFC, 3/28/98, p.A10)
1998        Mar 27, In Cuba two oil tankers collided and spilled heavy crude into Matanzas Bay, 60 miles east of Havana.
    (SFC, 3/28/98, p.A9)
1998        Mar 27, In Mexico Adrian Carrera Fuentes, former director of the Federal Judicial Police, was arrested on charges of being on the payroll of the Arellano Felix drug gang.
    (SFC, 3/28/98, p.A9)
1998        Mar 27, In Northern Ireland a former policeman was shot and killed by masked gunmen in Armagh.
    (SFC, 3/28/98, p.A8)
1998        Mar 27, In Paraguay the Supreme Court ratified Lino Oviedo as the ruling Colorado Party’s candidate, despite his jail sentence.
    (SFC, 3/28/98, p.A9)
1998        Mar 27, Pres. Yeltsin nominated acting Prime Minister Sergei Kiriyenko (35) to head the government.
    (SFC, 3/28/98, p.A8)

1999        Mar 27, This was the 1st day of the Muslim feastday Id al-Lahma, feast of meat, or Id al-Adha, feast of sacrifice.
    (SFC, 3/29/99, p.A7)
1999        Mar 27, Maria Butyrskaya of Russia won the World Figure Skating Championships in Helsinki, Finland; defending champion Michelle Kwan of the United States finished second.
    (AP, 3/27/00)
1999        Mar 27, Chinese Pres. Jiang Zemin in a speech to Swiss business leaders criticized NATO airstrikes in Yugoslavia.
    (SFEC, 3/28/99, p.A16)
1999        Mar 27, NATO expanded its air assault on Yugoslavia in the 4th straight day of attacks. A $42 million US F-117A stealth fighter was downed over Yugoslavia during continued NATO airstrikes. The American pilot was rescued by US forces. The wreckage was later believed to have been sold. In 2005 it was reported that Col. Zoltan Dani of Serbia was behind the shooting down of the stealth fighter. Dani said the F-117 was detected and shot down during a moonless night, just three days into the war, by a Soviet-made SA-3 Goa surface-to-air missile.
    (SFEC, 3/28/99, p.A1,16)(SFC, 9/17/99, p.A10)(AP, 3/27/00)(AP, 10/26/05)
1999        Mar 27, In Paraguay at least 5 people were killed and some 100 injured in Asuncion as protestors called for the resignation of Pres. Cubas.
    (SFEC, 3/28/99, p.A21)
1999        Mar 27, Serbian troops ordered villagers of Mamusa, Kosovo, to drive refugees to the border. 3 Turks and 4 ethnic Albanians were killed and 30 houses were burned.
    (SFC, 3/12/02, p.A10)
1999        Mar 27, In Turkey a young woman set off grenades strapped to her body in a suicide that wounded 10 others in Istanbul.
    (SFEC, 3/28/99, p.A25)

2000        Mar 27, The Supreme Court decided the federal government could deny food stamps and other welfare benefits to people who live permanently in the United States but who are not citizens.
    (AP, 3/27/01)
2000        Mar 27, A San Francisco jury ordered Philip Morris and R.J. Reynolds to pay $20 million in punitive damages to Leslie Whiteley (40).
(SFC, 3/28/00, p.A1)
2000        Mar 27, Cisco Systems passed Microsoft as the most valuable company in the world.
    (SFC, 3/28/00, p.A1)
2000        Mar 27, DaimlerChrysler AG announced it would buy 34 percent of Japan’s Mitsubishi Motors Corporation.
    (AP, 3/27/01)
2000        Mar 27, In Texas an explosion at a Phillips Petroleum at Pasadena plant killed one worker and injured at least 71 others.
    (SFC, 3/28/00, p.A2)
2000        Mar 27, In Uganda laborers unearched 73 bodies at Rugazi associated with the Movement for the Restoration of Ten Commandments of God. [see Mar 28]
    (SFC, 3/28/00, p.A10)

2001        Mar 27, A US federal judge ruled that the Univ. of Michigan racial criteria for accepting minority students with lower test scores than whites was invalid.
    (SFC, 3/28/01, p.A3)
2001        Mar 27, California regulators approved electricity rate hikes of up to 46 percent.
    (AP, 3/27/02)
2001        Mar 27, An empty train riding on the wrong side of the tracks crashed into a crowded commuter train at Pecrot, Belgium, killing eight people.
    (SFC, 3/28/01, p.D4)(AP, 3/27/02)
2001        Mar 27, The Brazilian Electricity Regulatory Agency, Aneel, ordered federal agencies and state companies to reduce consumption by 10% due to power shortages caused by poor rains.
    (WSJ, 3/28/01, p.A16)
2001        Mar 27, In its first specific accusation against a detained U.S.-based scholar, China said Gao Zhan had confessed to spying for foreign intelligence agencies. The US denied employing her as a spy. Gao, who had been detained on Feb. 11, was released the following July. In 2003 Gao Zhan admitted to illegal profits of over $539,000 from selling 80 microprocessors to the Chinese government. [see Feb 11]
    (WSJ, 3/28/01, p.A1)(AP, 3/27/02)(SFC, 11/27/03, p.A3)
2001        Mar 27, China reported that its population stood at 1.26 billion, an 11.7% increase over the last decade.
    (SFC, 3/28/01, p.D4)
2001        Mar 27, In Germany some 20,000 police blocked protesters who sought to block a train delivering radioactive waste from France. The German nuclear waste was reprocessed in France and returned.
    (SFC, 3/28/01, p.A12)
2001        Mar 27, Two bombings in Jerusalem wounded some 35 people.
    (SFC, 3/28/01, p.A10)
2001        Mar 27, Militiamen attacked a relief convoy and 14 Somalis were killed. 5 kidnapped aid workers were freed the next day, but 4 remained hostage. 2 Britons were released April 4.
    (SFC, 3/28/01, p.A10)(WSJ, 3/29/01, p.A1)(SFC, 4/5/01, p.A11)
2001        Mar 27, In Uganda rebels ambushed students on a field trip to Murchison Falls and killed 11 people.
    (SFC, 3/28/01, p.D4)

2002        Mar 27, The US Supreme Court ruled that illegal immigrants do not have the same rights as Americans when they are wrongly fired from US jobs.
    (WSJ, 3/28/02, p.A1)
2002        Mar 27, Milton Berle (93), known as Uncle Miltie and Mr. Television, died. He rose to TV stardom as the host of Texaco Star Theater in 1948. He was said to be freakishly well-endowed. Haskel Frankel co-wrote: "Milton Berle, an Autobiography" in 1974.
    (SFC, 3/28/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 4/16/06, p.M6)
2002        Mar 27, Dudley Moore (66), British actor and musician, died. His films included “10" and “Arthur."
    (SFC, 3/28/02, p.A1)
2002        Mar 27, Billy Wilder (95), Austrian-born Hollywood film writer and director, died. He wrote and directed numerous films and won 6 Oscars. In 1999 Cameron Crowe authored “Conversations with Billy Wilder."
    (AP, 3/27/03)(SFC, 3/29/02, p.A1,14)
2002        Mar 27, A gunman killed eight members of the Nanterre city council outside Paris; a suspect killed himself the next day while in police custody.
    (AP, 3/27/07)
2002        Mar 27, In Beirut the Arab League opened a summit of its 22 member states. Egypt’s Pres. Mubarek did not attend. It dissolved into chaos when Palestinian delegates stalked out when Arafat was not given a prominent place for a live broadcast. Arafat endorsed the peace initiative of Prince Abdullah.
    (SFC, 3/26/02, p.A10)(WSJ, 3/27/02, p.A1)
2002        Mar 27, A Palestinian Hamas suicide bomber killed 29 Israelis gathered at the Park Hotel in Netanya for the Passover Seder.
    (SFC, 3/28/02, p.A1)(SFC, 3/29/02, p.A11)(SFC, 4/15/02, p.A12)(AP, 3/27/03)

2003        Mar 27, Pres. Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair met to assess the progress of the war in Iraq.
    (AP, 3/27/03)
2003        Mar 27, The Bush administration seized $1.62 billion in Iraqi assets already frozen in the US. The money would be used to help rebuild Iraq once Saddam Hussein is ousted.
    (AP, 3/28/03)
2003        Mar 27, Richard Perle quit as head of the Pentagon advisory board amid allegations of conflicts of interests with his business deals.
    (WSJ, 3/28/03, p.A1)
2003        Mar 27, It was reported that the SARS disease had killed 50 people and infected some 1,300 in 13 countries.
    (WSJ, 3/27/03, p.A1)
2003         Mar 27, Paul Zindel (66), Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright, died in New York.
    (AP, 3/27/04)
2003        Mar 27, In Afghanistan Ricardo Munguia (39), a Red Cross water engineer from El Salvador, was killed by Taliban gunmen.
    (SFC, 4/8/03, p.A5)(Reuters 3/28/03)
2003        Mar 27, In Colombia FARC land mines killed 11 soldiers near Aracataca, the birthplace of Nobel laureate Gabriel Garcia Marquez.
    (AP, 3/27/03)
2003        Mar 27, EU governments agreed to ban single-hulled oil tankers carrying heavy fuel in an attempt to reduce the risk of slicks.
    (AP, 3/27/03)
2003        Mar 27, France introduced a new terrorism alert system, with 4 color-coded levels to make the national warning plan more flexible and understandable.
    (AP, 3/27/03)
2003        Mar 27, In the 9th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom a British armored unit destroyed 14 Iraqi tanks trying to break out of the besieged city of Basra. A sea-borne relief operation was postponed after discovering Iraqi mines in the shipping channel leading to the recently captured Iraqi port of Umm Qasr. Heavy bombing on Baghdad destroyed a main telephone exchange.
    (AP, 3/27/03)(SFC, 3/28/03, p.W1)
2003        Mar 27, In Israel Israeli forces killed 3 Palestinian police officers in Beit Hanoun, Gaza.
    (SFC, 3/27/03, p.A10)
2003        Mar 27, in Kyrgyzstan a fire engulfed a crowded passenger bus, killing  21 victims, believed to have been Chinese vendors of Uighur ethnicity. Robbery was suspected.
    (AP, 3/27/03)(AP, 3/28/03)
2003        Mar 27, Mexican federal agents killed 2 suspected drug runners in a shootout near the Texas border.
    (AP, 3/27/03)
2003        Mar 27, In Yangon, Myanmar, a bomb went off in front of a state telecommunications office, killing at least one person and wounding three as the country marked Armed Forces Day.
    (AP, 3/27/03)
2003        Mar 27, Russia's Evgeni Plushenko won his 2nd World Figure Skating Championships title, edging American Tim Goebel.
    (AP, 3/27/04)
2003        Mar 27, In Serbia Milan Lukovic and Dusan Spasojevic, Zemun Clan leaders and suspects in the Zoran Djindjic assassination, were killed as they resisted arrest.
    (SFC, 3/28/03, p.A12)
2003        Mar 27, In Zimbabwe opposition leaders urged the nation's soldiers and police to disobey orders to crush any show of dissent against the government.
    (AP, 3/27/03)

2004        Mar 27, Adan Sanchez (19), Mexican-American singer, died in a car crash in Sinaloa, Mexico. He was the son of narco-ballad singer Chalino Sanchez, murdered in 1992.
    (WSJ, 4/9/04, p.B1)
2004        Mar 27, Robert Merle (95), French author, died. His books included "The Day of the Dolphin," which was made into a 1973 film.
    (SFC, 4/1/04, p.B7)
2004        Mar 27, Edward J. Piszek (87), founder of Mrs. Paul's Kitchens, died in Fort Washington, Pa.
    (SFC, 4/1/04, p.B7)
2004        Mar 27, The 15-nation Caribbean Community withheld recognition from Haiti's U.S.-backed interim government as leaders closed a summit renewing calls for a U.N. investigation into the ouster of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
    (AP, 3/27/04)
2004        Mar 27, Tens of thousands of security forces guarded voting stations as Nigerians cast ballots in tense municipal elections.
    (AP, 3/27/04)
2004        Mar 27, A 7-year-old Palestinian boy was killed by what the Israeli military said was haphazard Palestinian gunfire toward an army jeep in a West Bank refugee camp.
    (AP, 3/27/04)
2004        Mar 27, Rwanda reported plans to release at least 30,000 suspects who have confessed to participating in the 1994 genocide, letting them be tried in community courts rather than by the country's overburdened judicial system.
    (AP, 3/27/04)
2004        Mar 27, A half million people swarmed into Taiwan's capital to protest the disputed presidential election.
    (AP, 3/27/04)

2005        Mar 27, In a live Internet interview with the Rev. Jesse Jackson, Michael Jackson declared himself "completely innocent" of child molestation charges, and said he was the victim of a conspiracy.
    (AP, 3/27/06)
2005        Mar 27, In Brazil Vitalmiro Moura, the rancher accused of ordering the killing of American nun Dorothy Stang in the Amazon rainforest six weeks ago, surrendered to police and declared his innocence.
    (AP, 3/27/05)
2005        Mar 27, A Cairo court sentenced an Egyptian to 35 years in prison after finding him guilty of spying for the Iranian Revolutionary Guard and planning to assassinate Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. The court gave Mahmoud Eid Mohamed Dabbous 10 years in prison for spying for a foreign state and another 25 years for plotting to kill Mubarak.
    (Reuters, 3/27/05)
2005        Mar 27, Egyptian police detained about 200 members and supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood, before and during an attempt to protest outside parliament in favor of reform.
    (AP, 3/28/05)
2005        Mar 27, Ahmed Zaki (55), one of Egypt's most acclaimed actors, died. He portrayed former Egyptian presidents Gamal Abdel Nasser and Anwar Sadat.
    (AP, 3/27/05)
2005        Mar 27, Iraqi security officials opened fire on a crowd of protesters outside a government building, killing one. Al-Qaida's arm in Iraq posted a video purportedly showing an Iraqi Interior Ministry official being killed.
    (AP, 3/27/05)
2005        Mar 27, Kashmir police said suspected militants shot dead a grandmother, mother and her infant daughter after the child's father, a former Kashmiri separatist rebel, surrendered to Indian security forces.
    (AP, 3/27/05)
2005        Mar 27, In Kyrgyzstan 2 rival parliaments competed for power, raising political uncertainty in the former Soviet nation. Both groups, the parliament newly elected in a disputed vote that sparked massive discontent, and the one that lost the election, met in separate chambers over the weekend, each claiming to represent the people.
    (AP, 3/27/05)
2005        Mar 27, Macedonians cast ballots in municipal elections, but the voting was marred by irregularities that could potentially harm the country's ambitions to join NATO and the EU.
    (AP, 3/27/05)
2005        Mar 27, Morocco’s per capita income was reported to be about $1,200 per year. One of 5 urban Moroccans was unemployed.
    (SFCM, 3/27/05, p.11)
2005        Mar 27, The head of Myanmar's ruling junta said the country was moving toward democracy but gave no indication of when the military would relinquish its 43-year grip on power.
    (AP, 3/27/05)
2005        Mar 27, Communist North Korea for the first time confirmed an outbreak of deadly bird flu at its poultry farms and said hundreds of thousands of chickens had been culled to contain it.
    (AP, 3/27/05)
2005        Mar 27, Pope John Paul II delivered an Easter Sunday blessing to tens of thousands of people in St. Peter's Square, but the ailing pontiff was unable to speak and managed only to greet the saddened crowd with a sign of the cross.
    (AP, 3/27/06)

2006        Mar 27, The US Senate Judiciary Committee approved a proposal to legalize undocumented migrants and provide temporary work visas. Mexicans cheered the approval and credited huge marches of migrants across the US as the decisive factor behind the vote.
    (AP, 3/28/06)
2006        Mar 27, Al-Qaida conspirator Zacarias Moussaoui testified at his federal trial that he was supposed to hijack a fifth airplane on Sept. 11, 2001, and fly it into the White House.
    (AP, 3/27/07)
    (AP, 3/27/07)
2006        Mar 27, In SF several thousand protesters marched down Market Street in a peaceful call for legal status for an estimated 12 million illegal immigrants in the US.
    (SFC, 3/28/06, p.A1)
2006        Mar 27, It was reported that European researchers have developed "neuro-chips" in which living brain cells and silicon circuits are coupled together.
    (www.livescience.com/humanbiology/060327_neuro_chips.html)
2006        Mar 27, Lyn Nofziger (81), President Reagan's political adviser, died in Falls Church, Va.
    (AP, 3/27/07)
2006        Mar 27, TV producer-director Dan Curtis (78) died in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 3/27/07)
2006        Mar 27, Abdul Rahman, an Afghan man who had faced the death penalty for converting from Islam to Christianity, quickly vanished after he was released from prison, apparently out of fear for his life with Muslim clerics still demanding his death.
    (AP, 3/28/06)
2006        Mar 27, Officials said a roadside bombing killed three villagers and wounded two when it blew up their car in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 3/27/06)
2006        Mar 27, Finance Minister Antonio Palocci, the architect of Brazil's economic recovery and market-friendly fiscal policy, resigned after becoming caught up in a political scandal. His office was party to the illegal disclosure of payments to a bank account belonging to a witness against him in a corruption case.
    (AP, 3/27/06)(Econ, 4/1/06, p.32)
2006        Mar 27, Ian Hamilton Finlay, British artist and poet, died.
    (FT, 3/29/06, p.10)
2006        Mar 27, In Ethiopia a series of blasts killed one person and injured several others in Addis Ababa, the first fatality in a string of mysterious explosions in the capital.
    (AP, 3/27/06)
2006        Mar 27, In Haiti scavengers found 10 human skulls in a trash heap, the second such grisly find in as many days in Port-au-Prince, where authorities speculated that the bones may have come from a Voodoo ritual.
    (AP, 3/27/06)
2006        Mar 27, Shiite leaders cut off political talks and denounced the US over a weekend raid that they said killed worshippers in a mosque. In northern Iraq a suicide bombing killed at least 40 people at an army recruitment center in Kasak.
    (AP, 3/27/06)(SFC, 3/28/06, p.A3)
2006        Mar 27, Gunmen kidnapped 16 employees of an Iraqi trading company in an upscale Baghdad neighborhood.
    (AP, 3/27/06)
2006        Mar 27, In an audiotape broadcast Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, Saddam Hussein's chief deputy, purportedly called for Arab leaders to back Iraq's Sunni-backed insurgency.
    (AP, 3/27/06)
2006        Mar 27, Abu Umar, a major Al-Qaeda figure in Iraq, was killed near Baquba.
    (AFP, 4/13/06)
2006        Mar 27, PM Silvio Berlusconi said on radio that he does not want Italy to become a multiethnic, multicultural country, drawing plaudits from a right-wing ally and criticism from center-left opponents.
    (AP, 3/28/06)
2006        Mar 27, Japan's parliament passed the nation's most austere budget in 8 years, marking another achievement for PM Junichiro Koizumi and his efforts to cut the huge public debt.
    (AP, 3/27/06)
2006        Mar 27, Malaysia’s government said it will end subsidies to flag carrier Malaysia Airlines and let it operate only 19 domestic routes, in competition with budget carrier AirAsia, under a major restructuring that will shed thousands of jobs.
    (AP, 3/27/06)
2006        Mar 27, Nepalese army helicopters launched an attack on a gathering of communist rebels in the mountains of north-central Nepal, killing at least four people.
    (AP, 3/27/06)
2006        Mar 27, The Dutch Equal Treatment Commission ruled that a Muslim woman who refuses to shake men's hands for religious reasons cannot be barred from a Dutch teacher-training program.
    (AP, 3/28/06)
2006        Mar 27, In Nigeria a weeklong census ended as workers scrambled to tally everyone across Africa's most-populous nation, but many remained uncounted in the exercise, marred by violence and the lack of forms, census takers and money.
    (AP, 3/27/06)
2006        Mar 27, Militants demanding control of revenues from Nigeria's oil-rich southern delta released their last remaining foreign hostages, two Americans and a Briton, but the group threatened to continue attacks on oil installations.
    (AP, 3/27/06)
2006        Mar 27, Gunmen loyal to rival pro-Taliban clerics fought street battles in Pakistan's tribal belt bordering Afghanistan, leaving at least 25 people dead.
    (AFP, 3/28/06)
2006        Mar 27, In the Philippines a bomb exploded in a grocery store on southern Jolo island, killing 9 people and wounding 20. Police said an extortion attempt by suspected militants was likely behind the bombing.
    (AP, 3/27/06)
2006        Mar 27, “Shooting Dogs," a new film on Rwanda's genocide, reduced many survivors to tears at its premiere in Kigali. The film's title refers to the way UN troops shot dogs eating the corpses that littered the streets of the Rwandan capital. The next day President Paul Kagame said the movie would help to ensure memories of the mass murder were kept alive.
    (Reuters, 3/28/06)
2006        Mar 27, Stanislaw Lem (b.1921), Polish science fiction writer, died in Poland. His work included “His Master’s Voice" (1968). His best-known work, "Solaris," was adapted into films by director Andrei Tarkovsky (1972) and by Steven Soderbergh (2002). That version starred George Clooney and Natascha McElhone.
    (AP, 3/27/06)(WSJ, 4/8/06, p.P14)
2006        Mar 27, In Ukraine early election results showed pro-Russia party led by Viktor Yanukovych taking the largest number of votes, followed by the president's former ally, Yulia Tymoshenko. President Viktor Yushchenko's party was a distant third, a stinging rebuke to his West-leaning administration. Yanukovych's party, which has pledged to make Russian a second state language, drop plans to join NATO and restore frayed ties with Moscow, was dominating in the Russian-speaking east and south.
    (AP, 3/27/06)

2007        Mar 27, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said Israeli and Palestinian leaders have agreed to meet every two weeks to discuss day-to-day issues, in a quickening diplomatic pace that eventually could spur talks on a final peace settlement.
    (AP, 3/27/07)
2007        Mar 27, The US offered a $5 million reward for information leading to the capture of a US-trained Malaysian engineer accused of involvement in a series of deadly bombings in the Philippines.
    (AP, 3/27/07)
2007        Mar 27, Walter Anderson, the telecommunications entrepreneur who admitted hiding hundreds of millions of dollars from the IRS and District of Columbia tax collectors, was sentenced to nine years in prison and ordered to repay about $23 million to the city. But US District Judge Paul Friedman said he couldn't order Anderson to repay the federal government $100 million to $175 million because the Justice Department's binding plea agreement with Anderson listed the wrong statute.
    (AP, 3/27/07)
2007        Mar 27, US Attorney John Brownlee announced that ITT Corp. has agreed to pay a $100 million penalty for illegally sending classified night-vision technology to China and other countries.
    (SFC, 3/28/07, p.A7)
2007        Mar 27, US National Football League (NFL) owners voted 30-2 to make the video replay system a permanent officiating tool.
    (AP, 3/27/08)
2007        Mar 27, SF city leaders approved a ban on plastic grocery bags after weeks of lobbying on both sides from environmentalists and a supermarket trade group. San Francisco would be the first US city to adopt such a rule if Mayor Gavin Newsom signs the ban as expected.
    (AP, 3/28/07)(SFC, 3/28/07, p.A1)
2007        Mar 27, United Commercial Bank of San Francisco said  it had concluded negotiations to become the sole owner of the Business Development Bank of Shanghai. In 1992 the Business Development Bank of Shanghai was established as China’s first foreign-owned bank.
    (Econ, 4/7/07, p.73)
2007        Mar 27, Texas Governor Rick Perry's office said that he had signed a new law that expands Texans' existing right to use deadly force to defend themselves "without retreat" in their homes, cars and workplaces. The new law takes affect on September 1.
    (Reuters, 3/27/07)
2007        Mar 27, The New York Stock Exchange won control of pan-European market operator Euronext, creating an entity worth 29 billion dollars linking trading platforms in six cities.
    (AP, 3/27/07)
2007        Mar 27, Paul Lauterbur (77), the father of Magnetic Resonance Imagery (MRI), died. He shared the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 2003.
    (Econ, 4/7/07, p.84)
2007        Mar 27, In southern Afghanistan a suicide attacker dressed in army uniform blew himself up outside a provincial police headquarters, killing four policemen.
    (AP, 3/27/07)
2007        Mar 27, Roxana Arias Becerra (32), a former Miss Bolivia (1993), was arrested on charges of carrying 1.8 pounds of cocaine while boarding a flight to the Brazilian border.
    (AP, 3/29/07)
2007        Mar 27, British lawmakers unanimously passed an emergency bill to preserve the Northern Ireland Assembly and permit its Protestant and Catholic leaders to forge a historic administration by a new May 8 deadline.
    (AP, 3/27/07)
2007        Mar 27, State media said China will pour billions of dollars into an airport, power plants, roads and education to help raise the standard of living of Tibetans over the next three years.
    (AP, 3/27/07)
2007        Mar 27, In Cuba Faustino Oramas (95), a popular traditional singer and among the last original members of the Buena Vista Social Club, died of cancer.
    (AP, 3/28/07)
2007        Mar 27, Egypt’s government said voters had overwhelmingly approved a set of controversial amendments to Egypt's constitution, a day after opposition groups massively boycotted the referendum. Egyptian blogs soon showed cell video clips of ballot stuffing.
    (AP, 3/27/07)(WSJ, 3/30/07, p.A1)
2007        Mar 27, French riot police firing tear gas and brandishing batons clashed with bands of youths who shattered windows and looted shops at a major Paris train station. Nine people were arrested.
    (AP, 3/28/07)
2007        Mar 27, In Germany a board member of Siemens AG, Europe's biggest electronics and engineering company, was arrested in connection with an investigation of alleged payments to the head of a tiny labor union. A trail against 2 managers had begun on March 13, for use of funds to smooth contracts with Italy’s utility, Enel.
    (AP, 3/27/07)(Econ, 3/17/07, p.71)
2007        Mar 27, Guatemala named Adela Camacho de Torrebiarte (57), an anti-crime crusader, as its first female interior minister.
    (AP, 3/27/07)
2007        Mar 27, In Iraq 2 nearly simultaneous truck bombs, including one detonated by remote control, ripped through markets in Tal Afar, killing at least 48 people and wounding dozens as violence surged outside the Iraqi capital. It was later reported that the main blast killed 152 people. A suicide car bomber killed at least 10 in a market near Ramadi and a mortar attack on a Shiite district area in southern Baghdad killed at least four people. Clashes broke in Iskandariyah after suspected Shiite militants broke into a Sunni mosque, leaving four Sunni militants dead and one Shiite militant wounded. A roadside bomb struck Iraqi police on a foot patrol in southeastern Baghdad, killing a policeman and wounding two others. Another police officer was killed in a drive-by shooting in eastern Baghdad. Harith Dhaher al-Dhari, a military leader of the 1920 Revolution Brigades, a major Sunni Arab insurgent group, was killed along with 2 associates west of Baghdad. Two Americans, a contractor and a soldier, were killed in a rocket attack on the heavy guarded Green Zone.
    (AP, 3/27/07)(Reuters, 3/31/07)
2007        Mar 27, Ivory Coast rebels and mediators said Guillaume Soro, the main rebel leader, will become prime minister in a new government called for in the country's latest peace plan.
    (AP, 3/27/07)
2007        Mar 27, In Japan a Cabinet official said an electrical glitch has knocked out a satellite in a spy network Japan hoped to use to gather intelligence on North Korea and other trouble spots around the world.
    (AP, 3/27/07)
2007        Mar 27, Police in Mexico City kicked off a campaign to exchange guns for computers and other gifts in an attempt to reduce firearm deaths. Two bodies were found wrapped in plastic bags and sheets behind a television station in Mexico's port city of Veracruz, apparent victims of drug-related violence.
    (AP, 3/27/07)(AP, 3/28/07)
2007        Mar 27, In Nigeria Anglo-Dutch oil giant Shell confirmed that the federal government had charged it with the alleged loss of some "radioactive tools" belonging to one of its contractors. Shell denied reports that it had been involved in any dumping of toxic waste in Nigeria.
    (AFP, 3/27/07)
2007        Mar 27, Residents and officials said Pakistanis living along the Afghan border have signed a third peace deal with the government promising not to shelter foreign militants. In Islamabad female and male Islamic students on an anti-vice drive abducted Aunty Shamin, an alleged brothel owner, and locked her up at their fundamentalist seminary. A grenade attack in Bajaur killed 5 ISI officers.
    (AP, 3/27/07)(SFC, 3/29/07, p.A9)(Econ, 4/14/07, p.43)
2007        Mar 27, In Palestine’s northern Gaza Strip an earth embankment around a cesspool collapsed, spewing a river of sewage and mud that killed four people.
    (AP, 3/27/07)
2007        Mar 27, A Tamil Tiger rebel drove an explosive-laden tractor to a military camp in eastern Sri Lanka, drawing fire from guards and triggering a blast at the entrance. At least seven people, including the bomber, were killed.
    (AP, 3/27/07)
2007        Mar 27, Swedish artist Hans Hedberg (89), known for his outsized fruit and egg ceramic sculptures and, died.
    (AP, 3/29/07)
2007        Mar 27, In Kiev, Ukraine, a Russian businessman allied with Ukraine's president was killed by a sniper as he was escorted from a courthouse during a break in his extortion trial.
    (AP, 3/28/07)

2008        Mar 27, A US appeals Court in Philadelphia overturned the death sentence of Mumia Abu Jamal, who had been convicted of killing Officer Daniel Faulkner on Dec 9, 1981.
    (SFC, 3/28/08, p.A4)
2008        Mar 27, In Kansas City, Mo., a judge convicted Terry Blair (46) of killing 6 women in 2004. Blair faced life in prison.
    (SFC, 3/28/08, p.A4)
2008        Mar 27, Adobe systems, the maker of the popular photo-editing software Photoshop, launched a basic version available for free online.
    (AP, 3/27/08)
2008        Mar 27, In Columbus, Georgia, Charles Johnston (63) stormed a hospital and killed 3 people including a nurse he blamed for his mother’s death in 2004. Johnston was wounded and taken into custody.
    (SFC, 3/29/08, p.A2)
2008        Mar 27, Comorans staged angry anti-French protests as France decided whether to give ousted rebel leader Mohamed Bacar asylum after he fled to its Indian Ocean territory of Mayotte.
    (AP, 3/27/08)
2008        Mar 27, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki promised to pursue his fight against Shiite militias in Basra to "the end." Al-Sadr called for a political solution to the burgeoning crisis and an end to the "shedding of Iraqi blood." Tens of thousands of Shiites took to Baghdad's streets to protest the government crackdown on militias in Basra as heavy fighting between Iraqi security forces and gunmen erupted for a third day in the southern oil port and the capital. The death toll in the Shiite city of Hillah, about 60 miles south of Baghdad, rose to at least 60. Tahseen Sheikhly, the Sunni civilian spokesman for the Baghdad security operation, was kidnapped and three bodyguards killed. A booby-trapped car exploded near the Iraqi Red Crescent Society's offices in Baghdad, killing two civilians and wounding five.
    (AP, 3/27/08)(AP, 3/28/08)
2008        Mar 27, The Mexican government said it has sent more than 2,500 soldiers and federal police to curb soaring violence in a border state across from Texas and New Mexico.
    (AP, 3/28/08)
2008        Mar 27, Myanmar's junta chief insisted that he is not power-hungry and intends to hand control of the government to the winners of elections in 2010.
    (AP, 3/27/08)
2008        Mar 27, Geert Wilders, a Dutch lawmaker, released his 15-minute film “Fitna," which linked verses of the Koran to violent images from terrorist attacks.
    (SFC, 3/28/08, p.A4)
2008        Mar 27, North Korea expelled all 11 South Korean officials from a joint industrial estate just north of the border in retaliation for Seoul's new tougher line towards the communist state.
    (AP, 3/27/08)
2008        Mar 27, Suspected militants attacked an ambulance in a Pakistani tribal region on the Afghan border killing at least six people, including two paramilitary soldiers. A gunman on a motorcycle has fatally shot two anti-terrorism officials in the southern city of Karachi.
    (AP, 3/27/08)(AP, 3/28/08)
2008        Mar 27, The editor-in-chief of the local edition said the Philippines will get its own edition of Playboy magazine, only without the nudity that made the US version famous. The Philippine edition will be launched on April 2 as a "mature lifestyle magazine."
    (AFP, 3/27/08)
2008        Mar 27, Puerto Rico’s Gov. Anibal Acevedo Vila was charged with 19 counts in a campaign finance probe, including conspiracy to violate US federal campaign laws and giving false testimony to the FBI. 12 others were also charged in the corruption probe.
    (AP, 3/27/08)(WSJ, 3/28/08, p.A1)
2008        Mar 27, In northern Sri Lanka a series of battles along the front lines killed 17 ethnic Tamil rebels and two government soldiers.
    (AP, 3/28/08)
2008        Mar 27, A group of monks shouting there was no religious freedom disrupted a carefully orchestrated visit for foreign reporters to Tibet's capital, an embarrassment for China as it tried to show Lhasa was calm following deadly anti-government riots.
    (AP, 3/27/08)
2008        Mar 27, Turkey's armed forces killed 15 members of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) in northern Iraq using long-range land weapons.
    (Reuters, 3/29/08)
2008        Mar 27, A helicopter belonging to Ukraine's border guards crashed off an island in the Black Sea. One officer was rescued and 12 were missing.
    (Reuters, 3/27/08)

2009        Mar 27, President Barack Obama ordered 4,000 more military troops into Afghanistan, vowing to "disrupt, dismantle and defeat" the Taliban and al-Qaida.
    (AP, 3/27/09)
2009        Mar 27, The Texas Board of Education approved a science curriculum opening the door for teachers and texts to raise doubts about evolution.
    (WSJ, 3/28/09, p.A1)
2009        Mar 27, In North Dakota the Red River rose to a daunting 112-year high and breached one of the dikes fortifying Fargo, but the mayor pledged to "go down swinging" as he called for more evacuations and additional National Guard troops to prevent a devastating flood.
    (AP, 3/27/09)
2009        Mar 27, In Tracy, Ca., Sandra Cantu (8) went missing from her mobile park home. On April 6 her body was found in a suitcase dumped in an irrigation pond a few miles away. On April 10 Melissa Huckaby (28), a Sunday school teacher, was arrested on suspicion of kidnapping and killing Cantu.
    (AP, 4/7/09)(AP, 4/11/09)
2009        Mar 27, Jack Dreyfus (95), founder of the Dreyfus Fund (1951), died in NYC. His fund helped found the retail mutual-fund business.
    (WSJ, 3/28/09, p.A5)
2009        Mar 27, Southern African countries (Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia) have been hit by the worst floods in years, killing more than 100 people and displacing thousands, as a tropical storm threatened to bring more pain.
    (AFP, 3/28/09)
2009        Mar 27, Bolivia's Interior Minister Alfredo Rada said police have uncovered one of the country's biggest known cocaine processing factories. Two Colombians and a Bolivian were arrested at the nearly 1,000-acre (400 hectare) site in the dense, southeastern jungles.
    (AP, 3/27/09)
2009        Mar 27, In Chile the Progressive Governance Summit, a 2-day gathering of leaders from Latin America and Europe, opened at the resort city of Vina del Mar. All agreed for an export-credit fund to get trade flowing again.
    (AP, 3/27/09)(Econ, 4/4/09, p.43)
2009        Mar 27, Chinese health officials said that hand, foot and mouth disease has sickened 41,000 people across the country and killed 18 children so far this year.
    (AP, 3/27/09)
2009        Mar 27, In China a minibus collided with two trucks and a bus tumbled into a mountain gorge in two unrelated crashes, killing a total of 37 people.
    (AP, 3/27/09)
2009        Mar 27, In Honda, Colombia, Arcebio Alvarez (59), a farmer and widower, was arrested on charges of incest and sexual abuse. He was accused of incest for allegedly fathering eight children with his daughter. He denied being the woman's biological father.
    (AP, 3/29/09)
2009        Mar 27, In Indonesia torrential rain caused a dam to burst outside Jakarta, sending a wall of muddy water crashing into a densely packed neighborhood and killing at least 96 people with some 130 still missing. The earthen dam, built in 1933 when Indonesia was still under Dutch rule, surrounded a man-made lake in Cirendeu on the southwestern edge of Jakarta.
    (AP, 3/27/09)(AP, 3/29/09)
2009        Mar 27, French President Nicolas Sarkozy wrapped up his mini-tour of three African countries, after meeting with Niger leader Mamadou Tandja. This followed visits to Kinshasa and Brazzaville.
    (AFP, 3/27/09)
2009        Mar 27, An overcrowded boat packed with migrants capsized in stormy seas off the coast of Libya. Only 20 survived when the wooden vessel with 257 people on board, mostly African migrants, including 70 women and two children, both of whom died, sunk only three hours off Libya.
    (AP, 3/31/09)(AP, 4/1/09)
2009        Mar 27, Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari called for a US change of policy and voiced opposition to missile strikes. A suicide bomber demolished a mosque packed with hundreds of worshippers attending prayers near Jamrud in the Khyber Pass, killing at least 50 people and injuring over 100 more.
    (AFP, 3/27/09)(AP, 3/27/09)(SFC, 3/28/09, p.A2)
2009        Mar 27, Russian media reported that the presidential Security Council has released a document outlining government policy for the Arctic that includes creating a special group of military forces.
    (AP, 3/27/09)
2009        Mar 27, Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah (84) appointed his half-brother, Prince Nayef (75), as his 2nd deputy prime minister.
    (Econ, 4/4/09, p.51)
2009        Mar 27, Sri Lanka’s military said it had killed 29 rebels. 13 were reported killed in a battle near Puthkkudiyirippu, while army snipers killed another 16.
    (AP, 3/27/09)
2009        Mar 27, Thai PM Abhisit Vejjavija's rejected calls for his resignation by thousands of anti-government protesters who ringed his office for a second day in a boisterous rally.
    (AP, 3/27/09)
2009        Mar 27, Zimbabwe PM Morgan Tsvangirai decried a fresh wave of farm invasions across the country and warned that those responsible for the farm disruptions risk arrest.
    (AFP, 3/27/09)

2010        Mar 27, Robert Krentz (58), a prominent Arizona rancher near the Mexican border, was shot while working at his remote cattle ranch on the Arizona-Mexico border. His family's ranch sprawled over 35,000 acres. Investigators tracked the footprints of the suspected gunman about 20 miles south to the border with Mexico, prompting some authorities to blame smugglers or illegal immigrants for the killing.
    (Reuters, 4/1/10)
2010        Mar 27, Federal agents in southern Michigan raided the home of David Stone, the suspected leader of the Hutaree militia, a group of self-proclaimed Christian warriors. Authorities recovered hand grenade instructions and schematics, a container of potassium chlorate, and other items.
    (SFC, 4/13/10, p.A5)
2010        Mar 27, In southern Afghanistan an international service member was killed by a roadside bomb. 6 civilians were killed in two separate roadside bomb explosions, one in Sangin district and one in Nawa district.
    (AP, 3/27/10)(AP, 3/28/10)
2010        Mar 27, In Australia Sydney's iconic Opera House and Harbor Bridge went dark along with millions of homes at the start of Earth Hour, a global switch-off aimed at revitalizing efforts against climate change.
    (AFP, 3/27/10)
2010        Mar 27, British Airways cabin crew launched a four-day strike, the second wave of action in a week as part of a bitter, long-running dispute over pay and conditions.
    (AFP, 3/27/10)
2010        Mar 27, Pirates off the coast of Cameroon’s Bakassi peninsula seized the MV Gull, a Ghanaian ship, and kidnapped two sailors for ransom. Pirates took control of the ship and kidnapped its captain and an officer on board once they found nothing worth stealing. Pirates freed the two West African sailors on March 31.
    (AP, 3/30/10)(AFP, 3/31/10)
2010        Mar 27, In China a recycling pool at a sewage treatment plant collapsed in northern Shaanxi province and some 1,000 tons of oil sludge contaminated farmland and the Luohe River, a tributary of the Yellow River.
    (AFP, 4/3/10)
2010        Mar 27, Iran used an ancient new year celebration to reach out to Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Turkey at a summit meeting that projected Iranian leadership in the strategic region straddling the Middle East and Central Asia.
    (AP, 3/27/10)
2010        Mar 27, In Turin, Italy, Mao Asada (19) of Japan toppled Olympic champion Yu-Na Kim in a triumphant season finale which saw her claim her second world title at the world figure skating championships.
    (AFP, 3/27/10)
2010        Mar 27, A two-day Arab League summit opened in Sirte, Libya. Amr Moussa, the head of the Arab League, urged the 22-nation bloc to engage Iran directly over concerns about its growing influence in the region and its disputed nuclear program.
    (AP, 3/27/10)
2010        Mar 27, Libya lifted a visa ban on citizens of 25 European countries after EU president Spain said a Swiss-instigated visa blacklist against 188 Libyans in those countries had been scrapped.
    (Reuters, 3/28/10)
2010        Mar 27, In western Mexico two police officers and two other men have been found shot to death at a gas station in Michoacan state. In Guerrero state a man was found tied up and fatally shot in a car in the resort of Acapulco. The bodies of four men and a woman were found on a rural road in a town not far from the violent border city of Ciudad Juarez. More than 7,000 people gathered in the northern city of Monterrey to protest a wave of violence that has affected the country's third largest city in recent weeks.
    (AP, 3/27/10)
2010        Mar 27, Pakistani air strikes killed at least 11 militants in a new offensive against foreign fighters in the restive northwest tribal belt bordering Afghanistan. Suspected US missiles killed 4 people in the northwest.
    (AFP, 3/27/10)(SSFC, 3/28/10, p.A6)
2010        Mar 27, Peruvian police said five people have been killed by a mudslide set off by heavy rains in a remote community of wildcat miners in the southeastern Andes.
    (AP, 3/27/10)
2010        Mar 27, In Russia an apartment block west of Moscow partially collapsed following a suspected gas explosion, killing three people and possibly trapping others under the rubble.
    (AP, 3/27/10)
2010        Mar 27, In Russia former Soviet world chess champion Vasily Smyslov (89) died of heart failure. Smyslov beat Mikhail Botvinnik in 1957 to become the seventh world champion, before losing in a re-match the following year. His career in the top flight of world chess spanned some four decades. He was beaten by Garry Kasparov  in 1984 in the Candidates Final match for the right to challenge Anatoly Karpov for the world title, which Kasparov went on to capture.
    (Reuters, 3/27/10)
2010        Mar 27, In Somalia 3 people were killed and four injured in clashes between government soldiers and armed protesters opposing the demolition of their houses near Mogadishu's main airport.
    (AP, 3/27/10)
2010        Mar 27, Korea Life became the first big South Korean life insurer to go public. Others were expected to soon follow.
    (Econ, 3/27/10, p.81)
2010        Mar 27, In Sudan Darfur rebels allegedly shot down 2 Sudanese army helicopters in the latest reports of fighting that have marred faltering peace talks between Khartoum and other insurgents. Sudan's army said two of its helicopters crashed after developing technical problems.
    (Reuters, 3/29/10)
2010        Mar 27, Thai troops retreated from security posts in the capital, bowing to demands from 80,000 jubilant red-shirted protesters who mounted a rally to demand fresh elections.
    (AFP, 3/27/10)
2010        Mar 27, In Yemen policemen opened fire in Daleh on the funeral procession for a Southern Movement member killed by police gunfire a week earlier, wounding 28 mourners.
    (AFP, 4/1/10)
2010        Mar 27, Zimbabwe police shut down an art exhibit exploring violence blamed on President Robert Mugabe. Artist Owen Maseko had collected family photos of missing people, images of mine shafts where bodies were believed dumped and reports on an armed uprising after independence in 1980 in the western Matabeleland district that was crushed by troops loyal to Mugabe. Thousands of civilians were massacred in the fighting.
    (AP, 3/29/10)

2011        Mar 27, DJ Megatron (32), an urban radio and TV personality, was shot and killed in NYC. The occasional BET TV host was killed while going to a store.
    (SFC, 3/28/11, p.A4)
2011        Mar 27, Farley Granger (b.1925), screen and theater actor, died. His films included “Strangers on a Train" (1951), a Hitchcock film based on a novel by Patricia Highsmith. His 2007 memoir was titled “Include Me Out."
    (SFC, 3/30/11, p.C4)
2011        Mar 27, In southern Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed in a roadside bombing. A team of suicide bombers shot their way into the compound of a road construction company in eastern Afghanistan and detonated a truck loaded with explosives, killing at least 24 people and wounding 56 others in Paktika province.
    (AP, 3/27/11)(AP, 3/28/11)(SFC, 3/29/11, p.A2)
2011        Mar 27, Bahrain's largest Shi'ite opposition group Wefaq accepted Kuwait as a mediator with Bahrain's government to end a political crisis gripping the tiny kingdom.
    (Reuters, 3/27/11)
2011        Mar 27, In Brazil renowned Belgium-born theologian Jose Comblin (88) died of natural causes. Comblin was a leading exponent of liberation theology, which advocates activism on behalf of the poor. The movement swept Latin America in the 1960s following the Second Vatican Council.
    (AP, 3/29/11)
2011        Mar 27, The Central African Republic voted in the second round of parliamentary elections expected to hand President Francois Bozize's party a large majority because of an opposition boycott. The party of CAR's president won an overall majority in the run-off legislative elections, garnering 61 of the 105 seats in parliament, according to provisional results showed on April 7.
    (AFP, 3/27/11)(AFP, 4/7/11)
2011        Mar 27, Yang Hengjun (46), a Sydney-based spy novelist, phoned an assistant from Guangzhou airport in southeastern China to say three men were following him. Yang was later able to briefly phone a sister in Guangzhou to say "he's having a long chat with his old friends." This was a prearranged signal that Yang had been taken by the secret police. Yang was an official in the Chinese Foreign Ministry before moving to Australia. His novel, "Fatal Weakness," deals with espionage between China and the United States and has been published on the Internet in China.
    (AP, 3/29/11)
2011        Mar 27, India's navy and coast guard captured 16 Somali pirates after a three-hour-long battle in the Arabian Sea. The pirates were trying to seize a merchant ship, MV Maersk Kensington, using a hijacked trawler. 16 crew members who had been taken hostage by the pirates were rescued from the hijacked Iranian trawler off India's western Lakshadweep islands.
    (AP, 3/28/11)
2011        Mar 27, Israel deployed a cutting-edge rocket defense system on the outskirts of Beersheba. “Iron Dome" is expected to be fully operational in a matter of months. Israeli aircraft struck a Palestinian rocket squad in the Gaza Strip, killing two militants as the military activated a new defense system to shoot down incoming rockets.
    (AP, 3/27/11)(SFC, 3/28/11, p.A2)
2011        Mar 27, Ivory Coast's embattled strongman Laurent Gbagbo accepted the African Union's choice to mediate a bloody post-election crisis. But former Cape Verde's foreign minister Jose Brito was rejected by presidential rival Alassane Ouattara.
    (AFP, 3/27/11) 
2011        Mar 27, In Japan emergency workers struggling to pump contaminated water from the stricken Fukushima nuclear complex fled from one of the troubled reactors after reporting a huge increase in radioactivity, a spike that officials later apologetically said was inaccurate. Police said the death toll from earthquake and tsunami stood at 10,668, with more than 16,574 people missing. Hundreds of thousands of people remained homeless.
    (AP, 3/27/11)
2011        Mar 27, Libyan rebels pushed further west to retake more territory abandoned by Muammar Gaddafi's retreating forces, which have been weakened by Western air strikes. Their gains put the rebels back in control of all the main oil terminals in the eastern half of Libya: Es Sider, Ras Lanuf, Brega, Zueitina and Tobruk. Misrata remained under siege by Gaddafi forces.
    (Reuters, 3/27/11)
2011        Mar 27, South Africa's newly appointed government spokesman Jimmy Manyi said the government is launching a newspaper to rectify media censorship of government information. Its bimonthly magazine will launch next month as a 20-page, free, monthly newspaper called Vuk'uzenzele, which means "Wake up and do it for yourself" in Zulu.
    (AP, 3/27/11)
2011        Mar 27, The Red Cross said South Korea has repatriated 27 of 31 North Koreans whose status was uncertain for more than a month because 4 others on their drifting fishing boat defected.
    (AP, 3/27/11)
2011        Mar 27, The Somali government voted to extend its term for another year, despite int’l. calls for it to leave office when its mandate expires in August.
    (SFC, 3/28/11, p.A2)
2011        Mar 27, South Sudan rebels were reported to have united in a new armed movement, the Southern Sudan Democratic Movement, against the young southern government. It brought together 5 different armed militias spanning 4 of South Sudan’s 10 states.
    (SSFC, 3/27/11, p.A2)
2011        Mar 27, Syria's government said that unknown gunmen firing from rooftops and prowling the streets of Latakia are to blame for two days of violence that killed 12 people. A human rights activist said authorities have released 17 political detainees in another apparent attempt to appease the protesters.
    (AP, 3/27/11)
2011        Mar 27, United Nations police returned full control of East Timor to the national force, more than four years after bloody clashes threatened to push the country into civil war.
    (AFP, 3/27/11)
2011        Mar 27, Venezuela’s President Chavez urged citizens to cut their calories to avoid obesity, the latest lifestyle recommendation by the self-proclaimed socialist crusader. Chavez has lobbied in recent weeks against what he calls the evils of capitalism, including alcoholism, breast implants and violent television programs.
    (AP, 3/27/11)
2011        Mar 27, In Yemen Islamic militants seized control of a weapons factory, a strategic mountain and a nearby town in the southern province of Abyan, as a political stalemate in the capital causes security to unravel around the country.
    (AP, 3/27/11)
2011        Mar 27, Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe vowed his party would not back down from its controversial drive to force foreign-owned companies to sell majority shareholdings to local blacks. Police barred PM Morgan Tsvangirai's party from holding a rally, saying it coincided with the funeral of a close ally of President Mugabe.
    (Reuters, 3/27/11)(AFP, 3/27/11)

2012        Mar 27, US Pres. Barack Obama and Pakistan's PM Yousuf Raza Gilani vowed to rescue a troubled anti-terror alliance on the sidelines of a nuclear security summit in Seoul.
    (AFP, 3/27/12)
2012        Mar 27, The Obama administration set the first-ever limits on heat-trapping pollution from new power plants.
    (SFC, 3/28/12, p.A6)
2012        Mar 27, The California Judicial Council voted to kill a $2 billion computer system linking the state’s 58 county courts. Over $500 million was already spent in a launch effort.
    (SSFC, 4/1/12, p.C1)
2012        Mar 27, Adrienne Rich (b.1929), American feminist poet, died in her Santa Cruz, Ca., home after a long struggle with rheumatoid arthritis.
    (SFC, 3/29/12, p.A1)
2012        Mar 27, Arab officials gathered in Baghdad this week for a series of meetings. Their agenda of tourism, tackling water security and organizing regional responses to natural disasters was overshadowed by the crisis in Syria.
    (AFP, 3/27/12)
2012        Mar 27, Brazil’s Tourism Ministry said it is asking more than 2,000 websites to remove sexual content that promotes Latin America's biggest country as a sex tourism destination.
    (AP, 3/27/12)
2012        Mar 27, Britain’s Health and Socal Care Act 2012 received Royal Assent. It increased competition, gave the NHS greater autonomy, and put more decisions about care in the hands of local doctors.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_and_Social_Care_Act_2012)(Econ, 3/29/14, p.60)
2012        Mar 27, British Royal Mail announced that stamp prices will shoot up to record highs of 60p for first class and 50p for second class effective April 30.
    (AFP, 3/27/12)
2012        Mar 27, In Chile Daniel Zamudio, a young gay man, died following a March 3 attack in Santiago. Attackers had brutally beaten him and carved swastikas into his body. The suspects included Raul Alfonso Lopez (25); Alejandro Axel Angulo Tapia (26); Patricio Ahumada Garay (25); and Fabian Mora Mora (19). On Oct 28, 2013, Garay was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 3/29/12)(SFC, 10/29/13, p.A2)
2012        Mar 27, In Egypt liberal and leftist parties announced that they have pulled out of a panel drafting Egypt's new constitution, accusing Islamists of monopolizing the process that will deliver the country's post-revolution charter. Cairo's Administrative Court began looking into the legitimacy of the constitutional panel after lawsuits were filed by several legal experts who argue that the constitution cannot be drafted by those whose role it will define.
    (AFP, 3/27/12)
2012        Mar 27, In India Maoists insurgents killed 12 paramilitary officers and injured 28 others in a landmine blast in Maharashtra state, marking the rebels' third high-profile strike this month.
    (AFP, 3/27/12)(SFC, 3/28/12, p.A2)(Econ, 3/31/12, p.50)
2012        Mar 27, In Indonesia thousands protested nationwide to reject the government's plan to hike the subsidized fuel price, with sporadic violence breaking out and injuring several people.
    (AFP, 3/27/12)
2012        Mar 27, A cloud of explosive natural gas boiling out of the North Sea from a leak at Total's abandoned Elgin platform forced wider evacuations off the Scottish coast as the French firm warned it may take six months to halt the flow.
    (Reuters, 3/27/12)
2012        Mar 27, In Israel Shaul Mofaz, a former military chief and defense minister, captured 62% of the votes the race for Kadima Party chief, trouncing Tzipi Livni, who took 37%.
    (AP, 3/28/12)
2012        Mar 27, An Israeli army game caused a melee at a home in the West Bank village of Rammun. 3 brothers including Rashad Shawakha, stood to defend their home. Rashad was wounded by two intruders posing as Arabs ands died of his wounds on April 2.
    (AFP, 6/24/12)
2012        Mar 27, In Jamaica some 60 protesters who gathered outside the security ministry in a rare street demonstration to demand an end to police shootings. A March 16 raid in the poor Cassava Piece neighborhood Diane Gordon, a mother of two, was fatally shot in the head on the street as she returned from a child's wake. Police said Gordon was killed during a shootout between officers and gunmen, but residents deny there were gunmen in the area. There have been roughly 50 police killings in Jamaica so far this year, nearly 30 of them in March.
    (AP, 3/27/12)
2012        Mar 27, In Mali the military junta lifted a curfew imposed after its coup 5 days earlier. Coup leaders presented a new constitution consisting of 69 articles. The first part appeared to be lifted from the country's current constitution, including the guarantees of free speech, liberty of movement and freedom of thought. The middle and final sections set out the role of the military committee now controlling the country, which calls itself the National Committee for the Reestablishment of Democracy and the Restoration of the State. ECOWAS in an emergency meeting again demanded the immediate restoration of constitutional order in Bamako.
    (AFP, 3/27/12)(AFP, 3/28/12)
2012        Mar 27, Pakistan was reported to have banned India's James Bond, outlawing a high-octane Bollywood action flick in which an Indian secret agent thwarts Pakistani spies from detonating a nuclear bomb in Delhi. Agent Vinod grossed $9.7 million on its opening weekend. It showed an Indian agent jetting around the world, dodging assassins to save his country from nuclear armageddon plotted by rogue Pakistani spies and terrorists.
    (AFP, 3/27/12)
2012        Mar 27, In Pakistan gunmen and arsonists went on the rampage in Karachi, killing at least eight people and setting dozens of vehicles alight. The unrest was sparked by the murder of a party worker and his brother the previous evening.
    (AFP, 3/27/12)
2012        Mar 27, In Pakistan Sobia Bibi (25), a mother of one child, was doused with petrol and burned alive in a dispute with her husband's family. Her 90-year-old mother-in-law was among those later named as suspects in Narowal district, northeast Lahore.
    (AFP, 4/11/12)
2012        Mar 27, In South Korea world leaders including US President Barack Obama called for strong steps to combat nuclear terrorism, wrapping up a 53-nation summit overshadowed by North Korea's planned rocket launch.
    (AFP, 3/27/12)
2012        Mar 27, South Sudan said Sudan's military bombed oil fields in the town of Bentiu.
    (AP, 3/27/12)
2012        Mar 27, Spanish police arrested a suspected member of al-Qaida, identified as M.H.A. M.H.A. – born in Jordan with Saudi citizenship, who was key to the terror group's Internet propaganda and recruiting operations.
    (AP, 3/27/12)
2012        Mar 27, In Sudan 3 people were killed, including one apparently shot dead by government troops, in a dispute over a market in the Darfur region.
    (AFP, 3/28/12)
2012        Mar 27, Swiss authorities said five out of every 1,000 deaths in Switzerland now involve assisted suicide, with women more likely to die this way than men.
    (AP, 3/27/12)
2012        Mar 27, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad toured the flashpoint Baba Amr neighborhood of Homs. A spokesman for UN envoy Kofi Annan said Syria has accepted his 6-point plan to end the bloodshed in the country. Syrian security forces reportedly killed 10 people as the regime pushed to retake areas still under rebel control.
    (AFP, 3/27/12)(AP, 3/27/12)

2013        Mar 27, Eric Harroun of Phoenix, Az., was arrested at Dulles Int’l. Airport upon returning to the US from Turkey, where he had described to FBI agents his journey to the front lines of Syria's civil war with fighters from the al-Nusra Front, a designated terrorist organization also referred to as al Qaeda in Iraq. Harroun served in the US Army from 2000 to 2003.
    (AP, 3/29/13)
2013        Mar 27, The California Dept. of Toxic Substances Control said a toxic waste dump site near Kettleman city has agreed to pay $311,000 in fines for failing to report 72 hazardous materials spills over the last 4 years.
    (SFC, 3/29/13, p.D7)
2013        Mar 27, Tennessee Gov. Bill Haslam said he would not expand Medicaid in his state joining 18 other Republican governors who have rejected expansion for now.
    (SFC, 3/28/13, p.A9)
2013        Mar 27, A team of int’l. scientists reported the discovery of dozens of signposts in DNA that can help reveal a person’s risk for breast, ovarian or prostate cancer.
    (SFC, 3/28/13, p.A10)
2013        Mar 27, An Afghan teenager killed US soldier Sgt. Michael Cable (26) in Nangarhar province by stabbing him in the neck while he played with a group of local children. The young man escaped to nearby Pakistan.
    (AP, 4/1/13)
2013        Mar 27, The Bank of England said that its recommendations for Britain's banks to plug a 25 billion-pound capital shortfall by December won't call on further taxpayer funds.
    (AP, 3/27/13)
2013        Mar 27, Abu Qatada, a radical Muslim cleric, thwarted another effort by Britain to have him deported to Jordan after a court accepted arguments that he would face testimony obtained by torture.
    (AP, 3/27/13)
2013        Mar 27, It was reported the Ecuador planned to auction off 7.4 million acres of Amazon rain forest to Chinese oil companies. 7 indigenous groups said they had not consented to the projects.
    (SSFC, 3/31/13, p.A4)
2013        Mar 27, Egypt's naval forces captured three scuba divers who were trying to cut an undersea Internet cable in the Mediterranean. Telecom executives meanwhile blamed a weeklong Internet slowdown on damage caused to another cable by a ship.
    (AP, 3/27/13)
2013        Mar 27, An Egyptian appeals court annulled a November presidential decree dismissing the country's top prosecutor and ordered him reinstated.
    (AP, 3/27/13)
2013        Mar 27, In Germany work crews backed by about 250 police removed parts of the Berlin Wall known as the East Side Gallery before dawn to make way for an upscale building project, despite demands by protesters that the site be preserved.
    (AP, 3/27/13)
2013        Mar 27, In Iraq  a parked car bomb ripped through a residential area in the town of Musayyib, killing three civilians and wounding 14. Another bomb targeted a restaurant in the town of Madain, killing two people and wounding 11.
    (AP, 3/27/13)
2013        Mar 27, In Japan Takafumi Horie, the former chief executive of Internet portal Livedoor, was released from prison. He was jailed in 2011 for fraud. While in prison he gathered almost one million Twitter followers.
    (Econ, 4/6/13, p.74)
2013        Mar 27, In northern Mali the National Movement for the Liberation of the Azawad, or NMLA, announced that Mohamed Aly Ag Al Bessati would serve as the civil administrator for Kidal.
    (AP, 3/28/13)
2013        Mar 27, In Mexico hundreds of armed vigilantes took control of Tierra Colorado, a town on a major highway in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero, arresting local police officers and searching homes in response to the March 25 killing of vigilante leader Guadalupe Quinones Carbajal (28). Several opened fire on a car of Mexican tourists headed to the beach for Easter week.
    (AP, 3/27/13)
2013        Mar 27, In central Nigeria an assault on a village in the Riyom local government area killed 28 people.
    (AP, 3/30/13)
2013        Mar 27, North Korea cut its last military hotline with Seoul, a link that has been essential in operating the last major symbol of inter-Korean cooperation: an industrial complex in the North that employs hundreds of workers from the South.
    (AP, 3/27/13)
2013        Mar 27, In South Africa leaders of the five BRICS nations (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) agreed to create a development bank to help fund their $4.5 trillion infrastructure programs — a direct challenge to the World Bank that they accuse of Western bias.
    (AP, 3/27/13)
2013        Mar 27, A Sri Lanka judge announced that more than 150 human skulls and bones recovered from a mass grave Lanka were buried there about 25 years ago, strengthening suspicion that they belonged to suspected Marxist rebels killed at the time. The skeletal remains were found inside the premises of a government hospital dated to between 1987 and 1990.
    (AP, 3/27/13)
2013        Mar 27, Syria's Pres. Assad appealed o the leaders of a five-nation economic forum meeting in South Africa to help end his country's two-year conflict. Assad sent a letter urging the leaders of the five nation BRICS forum — Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa — to "work for an immediate cessation of violence. The Observatory said rebels overran three army posts near Bir Ajam.
    (AP, 3/27/13)
2013        Mar 27, A magnitude 6.1 earthquake struck central Taiwan, killing at one person and injuring 19 as it damaged buildings on the island.
    (AP, 3/27/13)
2013        Mar 27, Zimbabwe's High Court freed on bail four senior officials from PM Morgan Tsvangirai's party accused of illegally collecting information on high level corruption.
    (AP, 3/27/13)

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