Return to home1084 Mar 31,
Anti-pope Clemens crowned German emperor Hendrik IV.
1282 Mar 31, The great massacre
of the French in Sicily, "The Sicilian Vespers," came to an end.
[see Aug 31,1303]
1389 Mar 31, Everhard
Tserclaes, sheriff of Brussels, was murdered.
1492 Mar 31, King Ferdinand and
Queen Isabella of Spain issued an edict expelling Jews from Spanish
soil, except those willing to convert to Christianity. In 2002
Claudia Roden authored “The Ornament of the World," a collection of
stories of Sephardic Jews in Spain from 750 to 1492. A Jewish text
later known as the Sarajevo Haggadah was carried by a refugee to
Italy and later to Bosnia. [see Mar 30]
(AP, 3/30/97)(WSJ, 4/26/02, p.W12)(SSFC, 12/8/02,
1499 Mar 31, Pius IV
(Gianangelo de' Medici), Italian lawyer, pope (1559-65), was born.
1547 Mar 31, Francis I, King of
France (1515-1547), died and was succeeded by his son Henry II, who
was dominated by his mistress, Diane de Poitiers, during his 12 year
(TL-MB, 1988, p.17)(HN, 3/31/99)
1578 Mar 31, Juan de Escobedo,
secretary of Spanish land guardian Don Juan, was murdered.
1596 Mar 31, Rene Descartes
(d.1650), French philosopher, was born in La Haye, France. He
proposed a numerical index that represented fundamental notions. He
made consciousness the defining feature of the self. Descartes died
in Sweden. In 1997 Paul Strathern published: “Descartes in 90
Minutes," and Keith Devlin published “Goodbye Descartes: The End of
Logic and the Search for a New Cosmology of the Mind." In 1998 the
French biography by Genevieve Rodis-Lewis was translated to English:
“Descartes: His Life and Thought."
(V.D.-H.K.p.203)(Wired, 8/96, p.86)(WSJ, 3/18/97,
p.A20)(AP, 3/30/97) (WSJ, 7/23/98, p.A14)(WSJ, 8/21/98, p.W13)
1621 Mar 31, Andrew Marvell,
English poet and politician, was born.
1631 Mar 31, John Donne
(b.1572), British metaphysical poet, died in London. In 2006 John
Stubbs authored “Donne: The Reformed Soul."
(www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/donne/donnebio.htm)(Econ, 9/9/06, p.79)
1657 Mar 31, English Humble
Petition offered Lord Protector Cromwell the crown.
1732 Mar 31, Joseph Haydn
(d.1809), Austrian composer who helped develop the classical style,
was born. In his career he composed 104 symphonies, 82 string
quartets and 60 piano sonatas. He also wrote some 175 baritone
pieces for his patron, the Hungarian prince Nickolaus Esterhazy, who
played the complex stringed instrument. The Canadian scholar David
Schroeder wrote: "Haydn and the Enlightenment."
(CFA, '96,Vol 179, p.42)(WUD, 1994, p.651)(WSJ,
8/26/97, p.A14)(HN, 3/31/98)
1745 Mar 31, Jews were expelled
1747 Mar 31, Johann Abraham
Peter Schulz, German composer (Moon has Risen), was born.
1776 Mar 31, Abigail Adams
wrote to her husband John that women were "determined to foment a
rebellion" if the new Declaration of Independence failed to
guarantee their rights.
1776 Mar 31, Captain Juan
Bautista de Anza and a crew that included such names as Castro,
Peralta, Bernal, Moraga, Alviso and Berryessa, among others, arrived
at the eastern side of the San Francisco Bay on a 5-day expedition
to explore the area.
(SFC, 12/5/11, p.A1)
1777 Mar 31, A young Abigail
Adams encouraged her husband John to give women voting privileges in
the new American government. She wrote to her husband on March 31,
1777, while he was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention: “I
desire you would remember the ladies and be more generous to them
than were your ancestors. Do not put such unlimited power into the
hands of husbands. Remember all men would be tyrants if they
could. If particular care and attention are not paid to the ladies
we are determined to foment a rebellion, and will not hold ourselves
bound to obey any laws in which we have no voice or representation."
Twenty years later her husband was a candidate in America’s first
1779 Mar 31, Russia and Turkey
signed a treaty by which they promised to take no military action in
1790 Mar 31, In Paris, France,
Maximilien Robespierre was elected president of the Jacobin Club.
1796 Mar 31, Johann Wolfgang
von Goethe's "Egmont," premiered in Weimar.
1808 Mar 31, French created the
Kingdom of Westphalia and ordered Jews to adopt family names.
1809 Mar 31, Edward Fitzgerald,
American writer, was born. He is famous for writing "Rubaiyat of
1809 Mar 31, Nikolai V. Gogol
(d.1852), Ukrainian-born Russian writer, was born (NS) in
Sorochyntsi, Poltava Governorate (later Ukraine). Some sources give
April 1 as his birthday. His work included the play “The Inspector
General" (1836) and the novels “Taras Bulba" (1835) and “Dead
1809 Mar 31, Otto Jonas
Lindblad, composer, was born.
1809 May 31, Composer Franz
Joseph Haydn died in Vienna, Austria on his 77th birthday. When
Napoleon’s armies marched into Vienna, the commanding general posted
guards in front of Haydn’s house to protect Haydn from trouble, and
a young officer was sent to sing for the old man.
(AP, 5/31/97)(WSJ, 1/8/98, p.A7)
1811 Mar 31, Robert Wilhelm
Eberhard von Bunsen, German inventor of the Bunsen burner, was born.
1814 Mar 31, Forces allied
against Napoleon captured Paris.
1831 Mar 31, Archibald Scott,
Scottish chemist, was born.
1831 Mar 31, Quebec and
Montreal were incorporated.
1836 Mar 31, The first monthly
installment of The Pickwick Papers by Charles Dickens was published
1837 Mar 31, John Constable
(60), English painter, water colors painter, died. His work included
some 100 studies of the sky done between 1821-1822. In 2009 Martin
Gayford authored “Constable in Love: Love, Landscape, Money and the
Making of a Great Painter."
(WSJ, 6/9/04, p.D8)(Econ, 3/21/09,
1841 Mar 31, 1st performance of
Robert Schumann's 1st Symphony in B.
1847 Mar 31, Jarolslaw
Zielinski, composer, was born.
1850 Mar 31, The US population
hit 23,191,876, with the Black population at 3,638,808 (15.7%).
1850 Mar 31, John Calhoun
(b.1782), US vice-president (1825-1832), died while a senator from
South Carolina. He was elected vice president under two presidents,
John Quincy Adams in 1824 and Andrew Jackson in 1828.
(WUD, 1994 p.210)(HNQ, 8/19/99)(MC, 3/31/02)
1854 Mar 31, Sir Dugald Clerk,
inventor of the two-stroke motorcycle engine, was born.
1854 Mar 31, Chief Shogun
Iyesada, following negotiations with Commodore Perry, approved the
Treaty of Kanagawa on behalf of Emperor Osahito. This forced Japan
to open its ports to foreign trade.
(Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 215)(ON, 11/04, p.12)
1855 Mar 31, Charlotte Bronte
(b.1816), English author (Jane Eyre), died. In 1994 Lyndall Gordon
authored “Charlotte Bronte: A Passionate Life." In 2015 Clare Harmon
authored “Charlotte Bronte: A Life."
1858 Mar 31, Norddeutscher
Lloyd Bremen launched the SS New York, a passenger cargo vessel. It
was sold to Edward Bates of Liverpool in 1874 and later wrecked near
Staten Island. In 1994 Edwin Drechsel (1914-2006) later authored a
2-volume history of the North German shipping line.
1862 Mar 31, Skirmishing
between Rebels and Union forces took place at Island 10 on the
1863 Mar 31, Battle of Grand
Gulf, MS & Dinwiddie Court House, VA.
1865 Mar 31, Battle of Boydton,
VA (White Oaks Roads, Dinwiddie Court House).
1865 Mar 31, Gen. Pickett moved
to 5 Forks, abandoning the defense of Petersburg.
1872 Mar 31, Sergei Pavlovich
Diaghilev, dance master (Imperial Ballet), was born in Russia. [see
1878 Mar 31, Jack Johnson,
first Africa-American boxer to become the world heavyweight champion
(1908-1915), was born.
(HN, 3/31/99)(MC, 3/31/02)
1880 Mar 31, Wabash, Ind.,
became the first town completely illuminated by electrical lighting.
(AP, 3/31/97)(HN, 3/31/98)
1880 Mar 31, Henryk Wieniawski
(44), Polish violist, composer, died.
1883 Mar 31, 1st performance of
Cesar Franck's "Le Chasseur Maudit."
1885 Mar 31, Madame Blavatsky
was hoisted in an invalid chair onto a steamer in the Madras harbor
of India and departed for London. In England she wrote “The Secret
Doctrine" and had as guests to her salon William Butler Yeats, Annie
Besant and the young Mohandas K. Gandhi.
(Smith., 5/95, p.127)
1885 Mar 31, Franz Wilhelm Abt
(65), German composer, choir conductor, died.
1886 Mar 31, Giovanni Rossi
(57), composer, died.
1887 Mar 31, John Godfrey Saxe
(b.1816), American poet, died. In 1969 he was quoted saying: “Laws,
like sausages, cease to inspire respect in proportion as we know how
they are made." His poems included “The Blind Men and the Elephant"
1889 Mar 31, French engineer
Gustave Eiffel unfurled the French tricolor from atop the Eiffel
Tower, officially marking its completion. Constructed of 7,000 tons
of iron and steel, the 984-foot structure was designed by Alexandre
Gustave Eiffel for the Paris Exhibition of 1889, commemorating the
centennial of the French Revolution. The price for the Eiffel Tower
was more than $1 million, but fees for the year 1889 alone nearly
recouped the cost. Fifty-five years later, plans by Hitler to leave
the tower and much of Paris a smoking ruin were foiled by an
unlikely hero. After the Paris World Fair a church designed by
Alexandre Gustave Eiffel was dismantled and shipped to Santa Rosalia
in Baja, Mexico.
(SFEC, 10/20/96, Par, p.23)(SFEC, 11/10/96,
p.T11)(HNPD, 3/31/99)(AP, 3/31/08)
1891 Mar 31, Erich Walter
Sternberg, composer, was born.
1893 Mar 31, Clemens Krauss,
conductor (Berlin State Orch-1937), was born in Vienna.
1895 Mar 31, Vardis A. Fisher,
US author (Darkness & Deep), was born.
1895 Mar 31, John Jay McCloy,
lawyer, banker (Sec of War 1941-45, High Commissioner for Germany,
pres Chase Manhattan), was born.
1903 Mar 31, New Zealand
aviator Richard Pearse flew a self-made, bamboo-framed, mono-winged
airplane in Waitohi.
(NW, 3/17/03, p.20)
1906 Mar 31, G.B. Shaw's German
version of "Caesar and Cleopatra," premiered in Berlin.
1907 Mar 31, Romanian Army put
down a Moldavian farmers' revolt.
1909 Mar 31, Gustav Mahler
conducted the NY Philharmonic for 1st time.
1913 Mar 31, John Pierpont
Morgan (b.1837), US banker, CEO (US Steel Corp), died in Rome,
Italy. His art collection was valued at $60m. In 1999 Jean Strouse
p.86)(WSJ, 8/4/07, p.P9)
1914 Mar 31, Octavio Paz,
Mexican diplomat and Nobel Prize-winning writer, was born.
1915 Mar 31, Henry Morgan,
comedian, radio performer, was born.
1916 Mar 31, General Pershing
and his army routed Pancho Villa's army in Mexico.
1917 Mar 31, The United States
took possession of the Virgin Islands. The purchase from Denmark for
$25 million had been set up in 1916.
1918 Mar 31, Daylight Savings
Time went into effect throughout the U.S. for the first time.
1920 Mar 31, British parliament
accepted Irish "Home Rule" law.
1921 Mar 31, Great Britain
declared a state of emergency because of the thousands of coal
miners on strike.
1922 Mar 31, Richard Kiley,
actor (Man of La Mancha, Endless Love), was born in Chicago.
1923 Mar 31, The first U.S.
dance marathon, held in New York City, ended. Alma Cummings (32) set
a world record of 27 hours on her feet. 6 younger male partners
(AP, 3/31/98)(WSJ, 6/1/05, p.B1)
1923 Mar 31, French soldiers
fired on workers at Krupp factory in Essen; 13 died.
1924 Mar 31, Leo Buscaglia,
"Dr. Hug", psychologist (Love), was born in LA, Calif.
1926 Mar 31, Sydney Chaplin,
son of Charlie, actor (Adding Machine, Psycho Sisters), was born.
1926 Mar 31, John Fowles
(d.2005), English novelist, was born. His work included “The
Collector" (1963) and “The French Lieutenant's Woman" (1969).
(HN, 3/31/01)(SFC, 11/8/05, p.B5)
1927 Mar 31, Cesar Chavez
(d.1993), California union leader of agricultural workers (United
Farm Workers), was born in Yuma, Az.
(SFEC,10/19/97, p.C3)(SFC, 3/29/00, p.A3)(MC,
1927 Mar 31, William Daniels,
actor (Dr Mark Craig-St Elsewhere, 1776), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
1928 Mar 31, Gordie Howe, NHL
right wing (Detroit Redwings), was born in Floral, Sask., Canada.
1931 Mar 31, Knute Rockne (43),
football player, coach, died in a plane crash.
1932 Mar 31, Ford Motor Co.
publicly unveiled its V-8 engine.
1932 Mar 31, 150 wild swans
died in Niagara waterfall.
1933 Mar 31, Shirley Jones,
actress (Partridge Family, Elmer Gantry), was born in Smithton, Pa.
1933 Mar 31, Congress approved,
and President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed, the Emergency
Conservation Work Act (Reforestation Relief Act), which created the
Civilian Conservation Corps. The US unemployment rate reached 25%.
In its nine years of existence, the New Deal’s Civilian Conservation
Corps had a total of 2.9 million men aged 18 to 25 enrolled. The
program was designed to provide jobs for young men in the national
forests, conservation programs and national road construction.
Enacted as one of President Franklin Roosevelt’s first New Deal
programs, it lasted until World War II. At its high point in
September 1935, the CCC had 2,514 work camps across the U.S. with
502,000 men enrolled.
(SFEC, 5/2/99, Z1 p.1)(HNQ, 7/23/99)(AP,
3/31/08)(SSFC, 1/18/09, p.D6)
1933 Mar 31, German Republic
gave dictatorial power to Hitler.
1935 Mar 31, Herb Alpert,
bandleader, trumpeter (Tijuana Brass), CEO (A & M), was born.
1936 Mar 31, Marge Piercy, poet
and novelist, was born.
1939 Mar 31, Britain and France
agreed to support Poland if Germany threatened to invade. Seven
French islands were annexed by Japan.
1940 Mar 31, The New York
Municipal Airport, opened in October, 1939, was renamed La Guardia
airport, after the mayor, who had been a bomber pilot in World War I
and whose interest in aviation lasted throughout his lifetime,
barely a month after it opened.
1941 Mar 31, Germany began a
counter offensive in North Africa.
1943 Mar 31, The Rodgers and
Hammerstein musical "Oklahoma!" opened at the St. James Theatre on
Broadway. Celeste Holm sang the show-stopping number “I Cain’t Say
No." Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein hired Agnes de Mille for
the choreography. The original is only on documentary videotape and
the 1954 film was a "bloated mess."
(TMC, 1994, p.1943)(WSJ, 2/5/96, p.A-16)(AP,
3/30/97)(SFC, 7/16/12, p.C4)
1943 Mar 31, US Army Air Force
bombers attacked harbor facilities in the west of Rotterdam. A
combination of strong wind and overcast conditions also caused great
damage to the nearby residential areas, especially in the
Bospolder-Tussendijken District. The death toll rose to 401
casualties and around 16,500 people lost their homes.
1944 Mar 31, Hungary ordered
all Jews to wear yellow stars.
1945 Mar 31, The Tennessee
Williams play "The Glass Menagerie" premiered on Broadway.
1945 Mar 31, The U.S. and
Britain barred a Soviet supported provisional regime in Warsaw from
entering the U.N. meeting in San Francisco.
1945 Mar 31, US artillery
landed on Keise Shima and began firing on Okinawa.
1945 Mar 31, Sicherheitsdienst
murdered 10 political prisoners in Zutphen.
1948 Mar 31, David Eisenhower,
Eisenhower's grandson (married Julie Nixon), was born.
1948 Mar 31, Al Gore, Vice
President to President William J. Clinton (1993-2001), was born.
1948 Mar 31, Rhea Perlman,
actress (Zena-Taxi, Carla-Cheers), was born in Brooklyn.
1948 Mar 31, Congress passed a
$6.2 billion foreign aid bill, the Marshall Aid Act, to rehabilitate
(HN, 3/31/98)(MC, 3/31/02)
1948 Mar 31, The Soviet Union
in Germany began controlling the Western trains headed toward
1949 Mar 31, Newfoundland,
later called Newfoundland and Labrador, entered confederation as
Canada's 10th province. In 1999 Wayne Johnston authored “The Colony
of Unrequited Dreams," a novel about postconfederation Newfoundland
and its 1st premier, Joe Smallwood. In 2000 Johnston authored
“Baltimore’s Mansion," a personal memoir of Newfoundland.
(SFEC, 6/25/00, BR p.6)(AP, 3/31/08)
1949 Mar 31, Churchill declared
that the A-bomb was the only thing that kept the USSR from taking
1953 Mar 31, Stanley Kubrick's
first feature film, a war drama titled "Fear and Desire," premiered
in New York.
1953 Mar 31, Department of
Health, Education and Welfare was established.
1953 Mar 31, UN Security
Council nominated Dag Hammarskjold secretary-general.
1954 Mar 31, Moscow offered to
join NATO on the condition that the West join the Soviet European
1954 Mar 31, The siege of Dien
Bien Phu, the last French outpost in Vietnam, began after the Viet
Minh realized it could not be taken by direct assault.
1955 Mar 31, US Assay Office in
Seattle, Washington, closed.
1957 Mar 31, The original
version of Rodgers and Hammerstein's "Cinderella," starring Julie
Andrews, aired live in color on CBS.
1958 Mar 31, US Navy formed the
atomic sub division.
1958 Mar 31, Moscow declared a
halt on all atomic tests and asked other nations to follow.
1960 Mar 31, The South African
government declared a state of emergency after demonstrations led to
the deaths of more than 50 Africans.
1960 Mar 31, Joseph Haas (81),
German opera composer (Totenmesse), died.
1962 Mar 31, Cesar Chavez
(d.1993) founded the United Farm Workers Union on his birthday.
(SSFC, 4/7/02, p.A14)
1963 Mar 31, LA ended streetcar
service after 90 years.
1966 Mar 31, An estimated
200,000 anti-war demonstrators marched in New York City. 25,000 anti
war demonstrators marched in NYC.
(HN, 3/31/98)(SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A28)(MC, 3/31/02)
1966 Mar 31, Labour Party won
British parliamentary election.
1967 Mar 31, President Lyndon
Johnson signed the Consular Treaty, the first bi-lateral pact with
the Soviet Union since the Bolshevik Revolution.
1968 Mar 31, Pres. Johnson
announced that he would not run for re-election and declared a
partial bombing halt in Vietnam. The stock market soared. Citing
national divisions over the war in Vietnam, Johnson declares that "I
shall not seek, and I will not accept, the nomination of my party
for another term as your president."
(WUD, 1994, p.1687)(TMC, 1994, p.1968)(SFC,
8/18/96, Z1 p.4)(AP, 3/31/97)(MC, 3/31/02)
1970 Mar 31, The U.S. forces in
Vietnam downed a MIG-21, the first since September 1968.
1970 Mar 31, Semjon Timoshenko
(75), Russian marshal, inspector-general (WW II), died.
1971 Mar 31, US Lt. William
Calley (b.1943) was sentenced to life for the My Lai Massacre.
1975 Mar 31, The TV show
Gunsmoke, which premiered in 1955, aired its last original episode.
The show was canceled in September.
1975 Mar 31, In Tajikistan the
first pouring of aluminum took place at the new state-run aluminum
smelting plant at Tursunzadeh. By 2013 TALCO produced hundreds of
millions of dollars in profits that were routed to a shell company
in the British Virgin Islands".
1976 Mar 31, The New Jersey
Supreme Court allowed the removal of the respirator that assisted
Karen Ann Quinlan, who had been comatose since Apr 15, 1975.
Quinlan, who remained comatose, died Jul 11, 1985.
(SFC, 12/12/96, p.C8)(AP, 3/30/97)
1979 Mar 31, The Arab League
suspended Egypt following its treaty with Israel.
1980 Mar 31, Pres. Carter
signed the Depository Institutions Deregulation And Monetary Control
Act, which deregulated interest rates.
1980 Mar 31, In Spain the first
session of the Basque parliament was held in Guernica.
1981 Mar 31, In the 1st Golden
Raspberry Awards the film “Can't Stop the Music" won as worst film
1981 Mar 31, In the 53rd
Academy Awards "Ordinary People," R. De Niro and Sissy Spacek won,
one day after the attempted assassination of Pres. Reagan. The
Awards were held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion.
1982 Mar 31, In California an
avalanche at the Alpine Meadows ski resort killed 7 people. In 2009
Jennifer Woodlief authored “A Wall of White: The True Story of
Heroism and Survival in the Face of a Deadly Avalanche."
(http://tinyurl.com/7gjkf)(SFC, 2/27/09, p.F4)
1982 Mar 31, In South Africa
Nelson Mandela and 3 others were transferred from Robben Island to
Pollsmoor Prison on the mainland. Mandela had spent 18 years on
1983 Mar 31, A 5.4 earthquake
hit the region of Popoyan, Colombia. It killed about 250 people and
left some 1,500 injured.
1986 Mar 31, English Hampton
Court palace was destroyed by fire and 1 person died.
1986 Mar 31, 167 people died
when a Mexicana Airlines Boeing 727 crashed in a remote mountainous
region of Mexico.
1987 Mar 31, Indiana Univ. won
the NCAA basketball finals with a last-second, corner shot by Keith
(WSJ, 4/4/03, p.B2)(http://tinyurl.com/rcskk)
1987 Mar 31, The judge in the
"Baby M" case in Hackensack, N.J., awarded custody of the girl born
under a surrogate-motherhood contract to her father, William Stern,
instead of the surrogate, Mary Beth Whitehead.
1988 Mar 31, The novel
"Beloved" by Toni Morrison was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for
fiction, while the Charlotte (N.C) Observer won the prize for public
service for its coverage of the Praise The Lord scandal.
1989 Mar 31, The FBI announced
it would conduct a criminal investigation into the massive oil spill
in Alaska's Prince William Sound.
1990 Mar 31, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev warned the defiant Baltic republic of Lithuania
to annul its declaration of independence or face "grave
1990 Mar 31, Hundreds of people
were injured in rioting in London over Britain's so-called "poll
tax." The poll-tax disturbances helped to bring down PM Margaret
(AP, 3/31/00)(Econ, 3/8/08, p.66)
1991 Mar 31, Albania offered a
multi-party election for the first time in 50 years. The Labor Party
won over 67 percent of votes, while the Democratic Party won around
30 percent. Communists won Albania’s first multiparty elections, but
democratic opponents scored victories in major cities.
(HN, 3/31/98)(www, Albania, 1998)(AP, 3/31/01)
1991 Mar 31, Voters in the
Soviet republic of Georgia overwhelmingly endorsed independence.
1991 Mar 31, The Warsaw Pact
spent the last day of its existence as a military alliance.
1992 Mar 31, The Battleship USS
Missouri was decommissioned. This was the ship on which Japan signed
its WWII surrender. In 1996 Paul Stillwell authored “Battleship
Missouri: An Illustrated History."
1992 Mar 31, The U.N. Security
Council voted to ban flights and arms sales to Libya, branding it a
terrorist state for shielding six men accused of blowing up Pan Am
Flight 103 and a French airliner.
1993 Mar 31, Actor Brandon Lee
(28) was killed during the filming of a movie in Wilmington, N.C.,
by a prop gun that fired part of a dummy bullet instead of a blank.
1993 Mar 31, "Star Dust"
lyricist Mitchell Parish died in New York City at age 92.
1993 Mar 31, The U.N. Security
Council increased international pressure on Bosnian Serbs,
authorizing NATO warplanes to shoot down aircraft that violated a
ban on flights over Bosnia.
1994 Mar 31, The PLO and Israel
agreed to resume talks on Palestinian autonomy, more than a month
after the Hebron mosque massacre.
1995 Mar 31, US baseball
players agreed to end their 232-day strike after a judge granted a
preliminary injunction against club owners.
1995 Mar 31, President Clinton
briefly visited Haiti, where he declared the U.S. mission to restore
democracy there a "remarkable success."
1995 Mar 31, Mexican-American
singer Selena, 23, was shot to death in Corpus Christi, Texas, by
the founder of her fan club. Yolanda Saldivar was convicted of
murder and sentenced to life in prison.
1995 Mar 31, Fred Cuny
(b.1944), American disaster relief specialist, disappeared in
Chechnya and was never found. He used his training in engineering to
do humanitarian work and worked in countries such as Biafra,
Guatemala, Ethiopia, Iraq, Somalia, and Bosnia. Cuny (50), an envoy
for George Soros' Open Society Institute, was shot and killed by
Chechen gunmen. In 1999 Scott Anderson published "The Man Who Tried
to Save the World: The Dangerous Life and Mysterious Disappearance
of Fred Cuny."
(http://www.onlineethics.org/cms/14193.aspx)(SFEC, 6/6/99, BR p.1)
1996 Mar 31, Pres. Clinton and
Monica Lewinsky resumed their sexual relationship.
(SFC, 9/12/98, p.A13)
1996 Mar 31 Russian President
Boris Yeltsin announced a halt to combat operations in Chechnya,
limited troop withdrawals and a willingness to hold indirect talks
with the rebels' leader.
1997 Mar 31, In the US men’s
NCAA Basketball finals Arizona beat Kentucky 84-79 in overtime.
(SFC, 4/1/97, p.A1)
1997 Mar 31, The Supreme Court
ruled that the government can force cable television systems to
carry local broadcast stations.
1997 Mar 31, Jury selection
began in Denver in the trial of accused Oklahoma City bomber Timothy
1997 Mar 31, It was reported
from Los Angeles that Yasuyoshi Kato was caught after having
embezzled 85-95 [$62 mil] million from Day-Lee Foods, a Japanese
firm for which he worked as an accountant [chief financial officer].
He was sentenced to 5 years in prison.
(SFC, 3/31/97, p.A15)(SFC, 10/7/97, p.A14)
1997 Mar 31, Scientists
announced the first artificial human chromosomes that work properly
inside living cells.
(SFC, 4/1/97, p.A1)
1997 Mar 31, In Spain a
passenger train north of Pamplona derailed and killed at least 22
and injured some 87 people.
(WSJ, 4/1/97, p.A1)
1998 Mar 31, For the first time
in history, the Clinton administration released a detailed financial
statement for the federal government showing its assets and
1998 Mar 31, Hon-Ming Chen,
Taiwanese leader of a spiritual sect in Garland, Texas, was to meet
God at 10 AM.
(SFC, 3/23/98, p.A3)
1998 Mar 31, Starcraft, a
military science fiction real-time strategy video game, was released
in South Korea. It was developed by Blizzard Entertainment, a
1998 Mar 31, Former New York
Congresswoman Bella Abzug died at age 77.
1998 Mar 31, In Egypt a
sweeping press ban forbade publishing houses from printing in
tax-free zones. This amounted to a temporary de facto ban for over
50 publications that printed in the Nasser City tax-free zone
outside of Cairo.
(SFC, 5/9/98, p.A10)
1998 Mar 31, The EU set this
date for membership talks with Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic,
Slovenia, Estonia and Cyprus. Preliminary talks were also set with
Lithuania, Latvia, Slovakia, Romania and Bulgaria.
1998 Mar 31, In Lille, France,
an 18-year-old boy was shot dead by a fellow student in front of his
classmates and teacher.
(SFC, 4/22/98, p.A10)
1998 Mar 31, The UN Security
Council imposed a new arms embargo on Yugoslavia to press Milosevic
to grant ethnic Albanians concessions in Kosovo.
(SFC, 4/1/98, p.A8)(AP, 3/31/99)
1998 Mar 31, In Cambodia
government soldiers made a major offensive to destroy the remnants
of the Khmer Rouge guerrillas, which was disintegrating due to
defections and internal fighting.
(SFC, 4/1/98, p.A8)
1998 Mar 31, In Lebanon a
roadside bomb in the Israeli security zone killed 6 construction
workers in their pickup truck near Kaoukaba.
(SFC, 4/1/98, p.A10)
1998 Mar 31, It was reported
that in Thailand’s Mae Hong Son province, women of the Padaung tribe
of Burma were attracting tourists with their necks elongated by
wearing brass coils. They began fleeing Burma’s Kayah state over a
(SFC, 3/31/98, p.B4)
1999 Mar 31, A federal judge
was expected to approve a settlement by black United Parcel Service
(UPS) workers for over $8 million for racial discrimination.
(SFEC, 3/7/99, p.D2)
1999 Mar 31, Four New York City
police officers were charged with murder for killing Amadou Diallo,
an unarmed African immigrant, in a hail of bullets. They were
acquitted in Feb 2000.
1999 Mar 31, Three peacekeeping
US soldiers were captured by Serb forces near the Yugoslav-Macedonia
border. Sgt. James Stone (25), Spec. Steven Gonzales (21) and Sgt.
Andrew Ramirez (24) were shown on Serbian TV and were released more
than a month later. Azen Syla, founder of the KLA, said that his
guerrilla supply lines from Albania were cut off when the bombing
began. Yugoslav soldiers herded ethnic Albanians onto trains bound
for the Macedonian border as NATO bombing continued for the 8th day.
(SFC, 4/1/99, p.A1,12)(SFC, 4/2/99, p.A1)(AP,
1999 Mar 31, NATO bombs
destroyed the Sloboda household utilities plant in Cacak, Serbia. It
had employed some 5,000 people. Allied leaders said they would bomb
government buildings in Belgrade.
(SFC, 4/1/99, p.A14)(WSJ, 4/1/99, p.A1)
1999 Mar 31, In the village of
Dzakovo, Kosovo, a witness reported the Serbian paramilitary forces
invade a mosque during morning prayers and killed some 80 people.
(SFC, 4/6/99, p.A8)
1999 Mar 31, On Serbian TV
Ibrahim Rugova appealed for an end to NATO bombings. He had recently
been quoted by a German magazine that chaos would result if NATO
does not send in ground troops immediately. Serbs put Rugova under
house arrest and ordered him to appear on TV.
(SFC, 4/2/99, p.A15)(SFC, 4/17/99, p.A9)
1999 Mar 31, In England the
House of Lords passed a bill that stripped aristocrats with
inherited seats from voting in the upper chamber of Parliament.
(SFC, 4/1/99, p.C2)
1999 Mar 31, In Zambia the high
court declared former leader Kenneth Kaunda, born to Malawian
missionaries, a non-citizen.
(WSJ, 4/1/99, p.A1)
2000 Mar 31, The UN Security
Council decided to let Iraq spend more money to repair its oil
industry, an investment intended to boost the amount of food and
medicine Baghdad could buy through the UN humanitarian program.
(SFC, 4/1/00, p.A12)(AP, 3/31/01)
2000 Mar 31, In Russia Pres.
Putin called for a quick ratification of the START II nuclear arms
reduction treaty and deeper cuts in nuclear missiles.
(SFC, 4/1/00, p.A12)
2000 Mar 31, In Uganda police
revised the number of deaths linked to the doomsday cult to 924.
(SFC, 4/1/00, p.A1)
2001 Mar 31, Pres. Blaise
Compaore asked for forgiveness for abuses over his 13-year rule as
part of Burkina Faso’s 1st “National Pardon Day."
(SSFC, 4/1/01, p.C10)
2001 Mar 31, In Macedonia
rebels engaged government troops in a firefight.
(SSFC, 4/1/01, p.C5)
2001 Mar 31, In the Netherlands
legislation enacted in 2000 to legalize gay marriages went into
effect at midnight. This made Netherlands the first country to
legalize same-sex marriages.
(SFC, 3/31/01, p.A10)(SSFC, 8/4/13, p.A2)
2001 Mar 31, In Pakistan a
stampede at a shrine in Pakbattan Sharif left 40 dead as thousands
rushed for the “paradise door."
(WSJ, 4/2/01, p.A1)
2001 Mar 31, In Russia some
20,000 people gathered in Pushkin Square to defend the NTV network
from the government’s 10-month financial and legal campaign against
(SSFC, 4/1/01, p.C2)
2001 Mar 31, In Serbia
commandos stormed the residence of Slobodan Milosevic and attempted
to arrest him as the US deadline for cooperation with the UN War
Crimes tribunal approached. But a defiant Milosevic rejected a
warrant, reportedly telling police he wouldn't "go to jail alive."
He was taken into custody the next day.
(SFC, 3/31/01, p.A1)(AP, 3/31/02)
2001 Mar 31, In Taiwan the
Dalai Lama arrived for a spiritual visit.
(SFC, 4/2/01, p.A9)
2001 Mar 31, In Turkey
thousands rallied in major cities to protest a government economic
recovery plan backed by the IMF.
(SSFC, 4/1/01, p.C10)
2002 Mar 31, Connecticut beat
Oklahoma 82-70 to conclude its second unbeaten season with a third
women's national championship.
2002 Mar 31, Barry Took (73),
British comedian and comic writer, died. He helped produce “Monty
Python’s Flying Circus." His autobiography was titled “A Point of
(SFC, 4/1/02, p.B5)
2002 Mar 31, On Australia’s
Norfolk Island Glenn McNeill (24) of New Zealand hit Janelle Patton
(29) with his car and later stabbed her "just to make sure she was
dead." McNeill was arrested in 2006 based on DNA evidence. Patton
suffered 64 separate injuries including a fractured skull and
numerous stab wounds in the attack In 2007 McNeill told police he
had been smoking cannabis when he hit Patton. On Mar 9 a jury
convicted McNeill of murder. On July 25 he was sentenced to 24 years
(AP, 8/12/02)(Econ, 7/10/04, p.38)(Reuters,
2002 Mar 31, Men in the Czech
Republic chased female relatives and friends for the traditional
Easter leg thwacking.
(WSJ, 3/28/02, p.A1)
2002 Mar 31, In France an arson
attacked destroyed Marseille’s Or Aviv temple. It was the 3rd
synagogue attack over the Passover weekend.
(SFC, 4/2/02, p.A8)
2002 Mar 31, Israeli forces
entered Qalqilya and Bethlehem. 2 Palestinians were killed after
they fired on Israeli soldiers. Some 40 European and American peace
activists joined Yasser Arafat. Israeli PM Ariel Sharon vowed to
smash Palestinian militants in a broadcast speech that came the same
day as a suicide bombing in Haifa that killed 15 Israelis. In 2009
Shimon Shiran died of wounds suffered in the bombing that also
killed his daughter Adi (17).
(SFC, 4/1/02, p.A1,10)(AP, 3/31/07)(AP, 4/12/09)
2002 cMar 31, In Madagascar a
bridge linking the capital to a southern port was blown up.
(WSJ, 4/1/02, p.A1)
2002 Mar 31, Serbia’s
government, faced with a midnight suspension of US aid, issued
arrest warrants against 4 former Milosevic associates.
(SFC, 4/1/02, p.A6)
2002 Mar 31, In Taiwan a
6.8-7.1 earthquake hit and 5 construction workers were killed in
Taipei when 2 construction cranes fell from the 60th floor of a new
building projected to be the tallest in the city. Taipei 101 reached
1,679 feet on completion and claimed to be have the highest
structural top, tallest roof and highest occupied floor.
(SFC, 4/1/02, p.A7)(WSJ, 4/1/02, p.A1)(SSFC,
2002 Mar 31, In Ukraine
elections the pro-Western Our Ukraine led by former PM Viktor
Yuschenko led with 23%. The Communist Party had 20%. Pres.
Kuchma’s United Ukraine had 13% and expected 119 seats in
parliament. The parties provide half the 450 sets of the parliament,
known as the Verkhovna Rada. Direct elections decide the other half.
(SFC, 4/1/02, p.A6)(SFC, 4/2/02, p.A6)(SFC,
2002 Mar 31, Pope John Paul II
used his Easter message to call for an end to violence in the Holy
2003 Mar 31, In the 13th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US-led troops fought pitched battles with
Saddam Hussein's Republican Guard within 50 miles of the capital.
B-1, B-2 and B-52 bombers struck communication and command centers
in Baghdad, and cruise missiles set Iraq's Information Ministry
ablaze. Casualties from the war to date US total: 40 dead, 7
captured, 18 missing; British total: 25 dead. Of 8,000 precision
bombs dropped since the war began, 3,000 fell in the last 3 days.
Port operations at Umm Qasr looked to be delayed for weeks.
(AP, 3/31/03)(WSJ, 4/1/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 31, US troops between
Karbala and Najaf shot and killed 10 Iraqi civilians including women
and children, when the driver of a van failed to stop at a
checkpoint. The Pentagon reported 7 killed.
(AP, 4/1/03)(SFC, 4/1/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 31, NBC said it
severed its relations with reporter Peter Arnett after he told Iraqi
television that the US war plan against Saddam Hussein had failed.
Arnett was quickly hired by London's Daily Mirror.
(AP, 3/31/03)(WSJ, 4/1/03, p.B1)
2003 Mar 31, The DJIA fell 153
(SFC, 4/1/03, p.C1)
2003 Mar 31, Harold Scott
MacDonald Coxeter (b.1907), British-born mathematician, died. He
pioneered the study of higher-dimensional shapes called polytopes.
In 2006 Siobhan Roberts authored “King of Infinite Space."
2003 Mar 31, Britain and the US
signed a new Extradition Treaty.
2003 Mar 31, In Bolivia rescue
officials struggled to reach victims buried by a landslide that
roared through Chima, a gold-mining town in Bolivia's tropical
lowlands, killing an estimated 300-400 people.
(AP, 4/1/03)(SFC, 4/1/03, p.A8)(AP, 4/2/03)
2003 Mar 31, Hong Kong
authorities quarantined more than 200 other residents in an
apartment block in an effort to contain the SARS virus.
2003 Mar 31, In eastern
Indonesia mudslides triggered by flash floods on Flores Island
killed 48 people with 28 reported missing.
(AP, 4/2/03)(AP, 4/5/03)
2003 Mar 31, In Tehran, Iran, a
pickup truck with extra fuel crashed into the British Embassy in an
apparent suicide attack. Police called it an accident.
(SFC, 4/1/03, p.A3)
2003 Mar 31, In Macedonia the
EU began its first military operation by taking over peacekeeping
duties from NATO.
2003 Mar 31, In southern
Pakistan gunmen in paramilitary uniforms shot dead 12 people and
wounded 26 others in an attack linked to a tribal feud.
2004 Mar 31, Air America Radio
went live in 3 of largest US markets with a left-leaning,
round-the-clock, talk format featuring Al Franken and Janeane
Garofalo. Air America was conceived by Anita and Sheldon Drobny of
Chicago. The idea was purchased by Guam entrepreneurs Evan M. Cohen
and Rex Sorensen, who resigned May 5.
(SFC, 3/31/04, p.C1)(WSJ, 6/21/04, p.A1)
2004 Mar 31, The US Navy closed
Naval Station Roosevelt Roads, its last base in Puerto Rico. It was
transferred to a special naval agency that will coordinate the
closing process. The base had been used for 6 decades to keep watch
over the Caribbean.
(AP, 1/6/04)(AP, 4/2/04)
2004 Mar 31, In Fallujah, Iraq,
jubilant residents dragged the charred corpses of 4 American private
security guards, from Blackwater Security Consulting, through the
streets and hanged them from a bridge spanning the Euphrates River.
5 American soldiers died in a roadside bombing nearby.
(AP, 3/31/04)(SFC, 4/1/04, p.A1)(SFC, 4/2/04,
2004 Mar 31, Lithuania's
highest court ruled that President Rolandas Paksas violated the
constitution by arranging citizenship for a businessman with alleged
mob ties, a verdict that will likely set the stage for an
2004 Mar 31, The International
Court of Justice ruled that the United States violated the rights of
51 Mexicans on death row and ordered their cases be reviewed.
2004 Mar 31, OPEC voted to cut
oil production by 4.1%.
(SFC, 4/1/04, p.C1)
2004 Mar 31, The US suspended
$26 million in aid to Serbia for refusal to give up war crimes
(WSJ, 4/1/04, p.A1)
2004 Mar 31, In Sudan security
police detained Hassan Turabi, the leading Islamic opposition
leader, 3 days after members of his party were accused of conspiring
to topple the government.
2005 Mar 31, A US presidential
commission reported that US intelligence agencies were dead wrong in
their prewar assessment of Iraq’s nuclear, biological and chemical
(SFC, 4/1/05, p.A1)
2005 Mar 31, A US Commerce
Dept. study on Internet traffic, ordered in 1998, was published
under the title “Signposts in Cyberspace."
(SFC, 4/1/05, p.C3)
2005 Mar 31, The World Bank
confirmed Paul Wolfowitz as its new president.
(WSJ, 4/1/05, p.A1)
2005 Mar 31, South Carolina
defeated Saint Joseph's, 60-57, in the NIT championship game.
2005 Mar 31, Terri Schiavo
(41), the severely brain-damaged woman who spent 15 years connected
to a feeding tube in an epic legal and medical battle that went all
the way to the White House and Congress, died in Florida, 13 days
after the tube was removed.
(AP, 3/31/05)(SFC, 4/1/05, p.A1)
2005 Mar 31, Frank Perdue,
businessman, died in Salisbury, Maryland. He transformed his
father’s backyard egg business into one of the nation's largest
poultry processors using the folksy slogan, "It takes a tough man to
make a tender chicken."
(AP, 4/1/05)(SFC, 4/2/05, p.B5)
2005 Mar 31, A US C-130
airplane crashed near the remote village of Rovie and all 9
Americans onboard were killed in mountainous southern Albania during
a joint exercise.
2005 Mar 31, It was reported
that Shirin Gul (39), an Afghan housewife, stood accused with her
lover and son (18) of murdering 27 men over the last 4 years in
order to sell their cars across the border in Pakistan.
(SFC, 3/31/05, p.A3)
2005 Mar 31, In Brazil a
massacre in Nova Iguacu, outside of Rio, left 29 people dead. The
next day state officials said they might have been carried out by
police incensed by investigations of brutality and corruption by
"bad" cops. In 2006 a court convicted Carlos Jorge Carvalho (32) a
state police officer, of taking part in the Baixada massacre. In
2009 ex-officer Julio Cesar de Paula was sentenced to 480 years in
prison and ex-officer Marcos Siqueira Costa to 543 years for
homicide and belonging to a criminal organization. The length of the
sentences was largely symbolic because under Brazilian law no one
can serve more than 30 years in prison.
(AP, 4/1/05)(SFC, 6/24/05, p.A16)(AP,
2005 Mar 31, Alberta repaid the
last of its debt and became Canada’s only borrowing-free province.
2005 Mar 31, The president of
Ecuador's Supreme Court annulled corruption charges against former
President Abdala Bucaram, paving the way for his possible return
from political asylum in Panama.
2005 Mar 31, The EU head office
said it will seek to impose additional sanctions of up to 15 percent
on US products to punish Washington for failing to repeal an
antidumping law ruled illegal by the World Trade Organization.
2005 Mar 31, Guyana police
found American missionaries Richard Hicks (42) and his wife Charlene
Hicks (58) slain at a farm they rented in southwestern Guyana near
the border with Brazil. In 2008 Guyana police issued arrest warrants
for two Brazilians accused of the killings. Peter Marare and Aleiman
Cassiano Eligenio, who were ranch hands on the couple's farm, faced
one count of murder each.
(AP, 4/1/05)(AP, 8/6/08)
2005 Mar 31, India's PM said
India and Mauritius are moving toward a free trade agreement to
boost the island's threatened trade portfolio and help India tap
into African markets.
2005 Mar 31, A suicide bomber
blew up his car south of Kirkuk, killing two Iraqi army soldiers and
three bystanders. A second car bomber attacked a joint U.S.-Iraqi
patrol in the center of Samarra, killing three people and injuring
more than a dozen others. Bombings and ambushes across Iraq left at
least a dozen Iraqis and one US soldier dead.
(AP, 3/31/05)(SFC, 4/1/05, p.A3)
2005 Mar 31, Rho on the
outskirts of Milan, Italy, inaugurated a trade fair over the site of
a polluted refinery closed in 1992. The site featured a new
structure by Massimilian Fuksas.
(Econ, 4/2/05, p.61)
2005 Mar 31, The World Bank
approved financing support for the controversial $1.2 billion Nam
Theun 2 dam in Laos.
(WSJ, 4/1/05, p.A8)
2005 Mar 31, Two Lithuanian
illusionists have begun an attempt to break the record for staying
inside a giant ice cube, set by US magician David Blaine in 2000
when he spent nearly 62 hours inside a block of ice.
2005 Mar 31, In Palestine
Mahmoud Abbas ordered a crackdown on Ramallah militants after a
group of gunmen fired at his compound in a sign of escalating
2005 Mar 31, A Rwandan Hutu
militia group, the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda,
denounced the Hutu-orchestrated 1994 genocide in the African country
and announced it was stopping its fighting in the region.
2005 Mar 31, Zimbabweans waited
in long lines to vote in parliamentary elections that President
Robert Mugabe hopes will prove the legitimacy of a regime.
2005 Mar 31, After weeks of
often bitter negotiations, the UN Security Council approved a
resolution to refer Sudanese war crimes suspects to the
International Criminal Court, agreeing to major concessions demanded
by United States.
2006 Mar 31, President Bush,
closing a three-nation NAFTA summit, defended requiring secure
documents from border-crossing Canadians and pushed Mexico to
prevent more of its people from illegally entering America.
2006 Mar 31, Auto parts maker
Delphi Corp. moved to void its U.S. labor contracts, cut up to 8,500
salaried workers and close or sell a third of its plants globally as
it attempts to slash costs and restructure in order to exit
2006 Mar 31, A provincial
governor said Afghan authorities have detained a border police
commander from the Achakzai tribe accused in the killings of 17
Pakistanis on March 21. Taliban insurgents raided several police
posts in Helmand province and six of the attackers were killed. A
suicide car-bomber was killed when he blew himself up as he tried to
ram his vehicle into an Afghan army convoy in Kandahar province.
(AP, 3/31/06)(Reuters, 3/31/06)(SSFC, 7/30/06,
2006 Mar 31, Australian police
arrested and charged three men with alleged links with a terrorist
organization after counter-terrorism teams swooped on Melbourne's
2006 Mar 31, In Austria
Gertraud Arzberger (33), who stuffed the bodies of two of her four
newborn infants in a freezer and entombed two others in plastic
buckets filled with cement, was convicted of three counts of murder
and sentenced to life imprisonment. Her live-in companion, Johannes
Genser (39), was convicted as an accessory and was sentenced to 15
2006 Mar 31, A lucky Belgian
won the jackpot of 75,753,123 euros (53 million pounds) in the
European lottery EuroMillions.
2006 Mar 31, Military and
police forces took control of Bolivia's major airports, one day
after hundreds of striking airline workers blocked runways and
disrupted flights to three airports.
2006 Mar 31, A plane carrying
19 people crashed in a mountainous region outside Rio de Janeiro,
killing all aboard. A small LET 410 twin-engine plane belonging to
the local Team airline went missing about 20 minutes after leaving
the city of Macae.
2006 Mar 31, In China Hu Jia, a
prominent AIDS activist, said he would sue the government for
improperly detaining him. Jia, released on March 28, accused Chinese
security forces of abducting and holding him for 41 days.
2006 Mar 31, French President
Jacques Chirac offered to soften a labor law that makes it easier to
fire young workers, but the student and labor leaders who have
organized nationwide strikes rejected his compromise and repeated
calls for the measure's repeal.
2006 Mar 31, Indonesia said it
has confirmed its 23rd bird flu fatality by tests carried out by the
World Health Organization (WHO). Local tests showed another patient
2006 Mar 31, The air force
chief of the elite Revolutionary Guards said Iran successfully
test-fired a new missile, the Fajir-3, with the ability to avoid
radar and hit several targets simultaneously.
(AP, 3/31/06)(SFC, 4/3/06, p.A3)
2006 Mar 31, In western Iran 3
strong earthquakes and several aftershocks reduced villages to
rubble, killing 70 people and injuring about 1,200 others.
(AP, 3/31/06)(AP, 3/31/07)
2006 Mar 31, In Iraq a mortar
round slammed into a street in northeastern Baghdad, killing three
women when shrapnel hit their home, and soldiers discovered the
bullet-riddled bodies of six men wearing handcuffs in western
Baghdad. Gunmen attacked a minibus carrying Shiites northeast of
Baghdad, killing six men and wounding one woman. At least 18 other
people were killed elsewhere, including three ice cream vendors and
a butcher, many in drive-by shootings.
(AP, 3/31/06)(AP, 4/1/06)
2006 Mar 31, Japan's opposition
party suffered a fresh humiliation when its leadership resigned en
masse over a fake e-mail scandal, handing PM Junichiro Koizumi an
uncontested grip on power in his last six months in office.
2006 Mar 31, Jordanian health
officials announced the kingdom's first human case of the bird flu
in a worker (31) believed to have contracted the deadly strain in
his home village in Egypt.
2006 Mar 31, Abu Yousef Abu
Quka, a top commander of a small militant Palestinian group, was
killed when his car mysteriously exploded in flames. A shootout
between rival Palestinian factions erupted shortly after the blast.
2006 Mar 31, A Portuguese court
convicted 96 people, including 81 police officers, in a corruption
case involving bribes for dismissed traffic fines.
2006 Mar 31, Prosecutors in
Warsaw filed charges against Poland's last communist leader, Gen.
Wojciech Jaruzelski, in connection with his imposition of martial
law in 1981 as the Soviet-backed regime tried to crush the
Solidarity pro-democracy movement.
2006 Mar 31, The EU gave Serbia
an extra month to hand over genocide suspect Ratko Mladic or face
suspension of its talks on closer EU ties, after being reassured of
progress in the manhunt.
2006 Mar 31, In Sri Lanka the
ruling coalition won an overwhelming victory in local elections,
according to results released by the government, a result seen as an
endorsement of the president's negotiations with Tamil Tiger rebels.
2006 Mar 31, Swiss prosecutors
said they have filed charges against 19 former top executives and
board members of the defunct Swissair for their part in the national
airline's 2001 bankruptcy.
2006 Mar 31, In Tonga Dr. Fred
Sevele agreed to serve as PM, making him the first commoner to lead
the government in living memory.
2006 Mar 31, In Turkey a bomb
hidden in a garbage can exploded near an Istanbul bus stop, killing
a street vendor and injuring 13 people. Fighting between Turkish
soldiers and Kurdish guerrillas killed a 3-year-old boy and brought
to 7 the number of fatalities in the 4th day of clashes.
(AP, 3/31/06)(SFC, 4/1/06, p.A5)
2007 Mar 31, President Bush
again came to the defense of Attorney General Alberto Gonzales,
under criticism for his role in the firing of federal prosecutors,
calling him "honorable and honest."
2007 Mar 31, President Bush
called for the release of 15 British sailors and marines held by
Iran, calling their capture by Tehran "inexcusable behavior." The
crew members were released on April 4.
2007 Mar 31, Nestle Purina
PetCare Co. said it was recalling all sizes and varieties of its
Alpo Prime Cuts in Gravy wet dog food with specific date codes.
Purina said a limited amount of the food contained a contaminated
wheat gluten from China.
2007 Mar 31, Berkeley Iceland
closed in Berkeley, Ca., after 66 years of operation.
(SSFC, 4/1/07, p.D1)
2007 Mar 31, Paul Watzlawick
(b.1921), Austrian-born pioneering psychotherapist, died in Palo
Alto, Ca. He held that people created their own misery by trying to
force self-defeating solutions to trivial problems of the ego. His
22 books included “The Situation Is Hopeless but not Serious: The
Pursuit of Unhappiness" (1993).
(SFC, 4/4/07, p.B7)
2007 Mar 31, Luanda, Angola,
built for half a million people was now home for at least 4 million,
many of whom fled there during the civil war.
(Econ, 3/31/07, p.58)
2007 Mar 31, It was reported
that Antarctica held about 90% of the world’s ice.
(Econ, 3/31/07, p.85)
2007 Mar 31, In Argentina
authorities said rising rivers due to 5 days of rain in three
provinces have forced some 38,000 people to flee their homes. The
floodwaters have claimed 7 lives.
2007 Mar 31, At least 22
Islamists were arrested in overnight raids as Bangladesh
strengthened security nationwide.
2007 Mar 31, In Brazil air
traffic controllers protesting working conditions ended their
one-day strike after the government agreed to their demands.
2007 Mar 31, Janjaweed
militiamen killed up to 400 people in the volatile eastern border
region near Sudan, leaving an "apocalyptic" scene of mass graves and
destruction. Chadian officials initially said 65 people had died,
but added that the toll was sure to rise.
2007 Mar 31, In Eritrea a ban
on female circumcision went into effect. A health survey by
Eritrea's government in 2002 found 62 percent of circumcised women
in the Red Sea state had the procedure done before their first
birthday. Less than one percent had been performed by trained health
2007 Mar 31, EU foreign
ministers backed an Arab peace initiative and agreed to engage with
ministers of the new Palestinian national unity government who are
not members of the Islamist Hamas movement.
2007 Mar 31, A parked car
exploded near a hospital in Baghdad's main Shiite district, the
deadliest in a series of bombings that killed at least nine people
and wounded dozens in Iraq.
2007 Mar 31, A report said
Malaysia's top anti-corruption official, who is facing a police
investigation into graft allegations against him, will not have his
2007 Mar 31, In southern
Nigeria gunmen kidnapped a British oil worker from an offshore oil
2007 Mar 31, Pakistan
successfully tested a short-range, nuclear-capable missile.
Avalanches struck two villages in a remote part of northwest
Pakistan, killing at least 29 people and leaving 14 others missing.
(AP, 3/31/07)(AP, 4/1/07)
2007 Mar 31, In Somalia
artillery fire and mortar shells rained down on Mogadishu as
government troops and their Ethiopian allies continued a major
offensive to quash a growing insurgency by Islamic militants. A
Ugandan soldier was killed by artillery fire in Mogadishu, marking
the first death among African Union peacekeepers deployed here.
(AP, 3/31/07)(AFP, 4/1/07)
2007 Mar 31, In western Sudan
at least 62 people were killed and 21 wounded in an attack on an
Arab tribe in the Darfur region.
2007 Mar 31, In Zimbabwe the
body of Edward Chikombo, an independent journalist, was found. He
had been missing since March 29. A lawyer for another reporter
arrested under sweeping media laws said he was assaulted and
tortured in custody. Chikombo had conveyed the picture of Morgan
Tsvangirai’s battered head (see March 24) to the wider world. On
April 6 Zimbabwe police opened a murder investigation into his
(AP, 4/6/07)(Econ, 10/9/10, p.36)
2008 Mar 31, The Bush
administration proposed the most far-ranging overhaul of the
financial regulatory system since the stock market crash of 1929 and
the ensuing Great Depression. Alphonso Jackson, the Bush
administration's top housing official, under criminal investigation
and intense pressure from Democratic critics, announced he is
2008 Mar 31, Gregg Bergersen
(51), a Pentagon weapons analyst, pleaded guilty to giving
classified information about US and Taiwanese military
communications systems to Tai Kuo, a New Orleans furniture salesman
working with the Chinese government.
(WSJ, 4/1/08, p.A2)
2008 Mar 31, The US investment
banking company Lehman Brothers sued the Japanese trading company
Marubeni, seeking to recover $350 million in financing it says was
2008 Mar 31, American director
Jules Dassin (96), whose Greek wife Melina Mercouri starred in his
hit movie "Never on Sunday" and six more of his films, died at an
2008 Mar 31, A clash in
southern Afghanistan killed a Danish soldier and wounded two others.
A separate attack on a NATO patrol killed two British troops. an
airstrike killed three men irrigating land close to a road in
Kandahar province. The men may have been mistaken for militants
planting roadside bombs. In Helmand province police arrested Mullah
Naqibullah, a senior Taliban commander who has escaped twice from
Afghan prisons. Naqibullah was nabbed during a clash that left three
(AP, 3/31/08)(AP, 4/1/08)
2008 Mar 31, Some of England's
most sacred soil was disturbed for the first time in more than four
decades as archaeologists worked to solve the enduring riddle of
Stonehenge: When and why was the prehistoric monument built?
2008 Mar 31, Chad's state radio
announced that the president has pardoned six French aid workers
convicted of kidnapping 103 children.
2008 Mar 31, Chinese President
Hu Jintao presided over the re-lighting of the Olympic torch in
Beijing, signaling the start of an around-the-world torch relay that
already has become a magnet for protesters.
2008 Mar 31, Chinese
authorities arrested suspects in four arson and murder cases
stemming from anti-government riots that engulfed the Tibetan
capital in mid-March.
2008 Mar 31, New President Raul
Castro's government has lifted a ban on Cubans staying at hotels
previously reserved for foreigners, ending another restriction that
had been especially irksome to citizens.
2008 Mar 31, In Iraq the
fortified Green Zone came under fresh attack, less than 24 hours
after anti-American Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr told his fighters
to stand down following a week of clashes with government forces.
Near Buhriz unknown gunmen in a car attacked a checkpoint manned by
US-backed Sunni fighters. Four of the fighters were killed.
2008 Mar 31, Jerusalem's city
hall has announced a plan to construct 600 new apartments in the
Pisgat Zeev neighborhood of east Jerusalem.
2008 Mar 31, Scientists in
Japan reported that they have designed artificial molecules that
when used with rats successfully reversed liver cirrhosis, a serious
chronic disease in humans that until now can only be cured by
2008 Mar 31, Malaysia's Islamic
opposition party delivered a protest note to the Netherlands'
embassy over the release of an anti-Islam movie by a maverick Dutch
lawmaker, while hard-line Muslims in neighboring Indonesia demanded
the death of the filmmaker.
2008 Mar 31, In Mexico Juana
Barraza (50), a former female wrestler who terrorized Mexico City as
the "Little Old Lady Killer," was sentenced to 759 years in jail for
killing 16 elderly women.
2008 Mar 31, Turkey's top court
decided to put the Islamist-rooted ruling party on trial for alleged
anti-secular activity, in a case that could threaten national
stability and Ankara's bid to join the EU. Clashes between Turkish
troops and Kurdish rebels left nine rebels and three soldiers dead
in Turkey's southeast.
(AFP, 3/31/08)(AP, 4/1/08)
2008 Mar 31, Zimbabwe's
opposition Movement for Democratic Change and President Robert
Mugabe's ruling ZANU-PF were on level-pegging, as the results
trickled in from a weekend general election. The MDC's own tally of
votes in 128 of the 210 parliamentary seats showed that its leader
Tsvangirai had secured 60 percent of votes against 30 for Mugabe in
the presidential race.
2009 Mar 31, The US Government
Accountability Office released a report saying 4 countries
designated a terrorism sponsors received $55 million from a US
supported program promoting the peaceful use of nuclear energy under
the IAEA’s Technical Cooperation program. Between 1997 and 2007 Iran
received over $15 million, $14 million went to Syria, while Sudan
and Cuba received over $11 million each.
(WSJ, 3/31/09, p.A3)
2009 Mar 31, The US State
Department said the United States will seek election to the UN Human
Rights Council this year, announcing the Obama administration's
latest reversal of former President George W. Bush's foreign
2009 Mar 31, The US Congress
passed the Edward Kennedy Serve America Act, a sweeping overhaul of
the 1993 national service program. It tripled the size of AmeriCorps
from 75,000 positions to 250,000.
(Econ, 4/11/09, p.30)
2009 Mar 31, Fritz Henderson,
GM's new chief executive said that more of the automaker's plants
could close and bankruptcy is "more probable" as it works to meet
new, tougher requirements for government aid. In his first news
conference as CEO, Henderson said he expects the company would "need
to take further measures" beyond the 5 plants the company said it
would shutter when it submitted a restructuring plan to the
government last month.
2009 Mar 31, Sun-Times Media
Group, the publisher of the Chicago Sun Times, filed Chapter 11
bankruptcy, becoming the 5th newspaper company to file for
protection since December.
(WSJ, 4/1/09, p.B4)
2009 Mar 31, At the Hague
Afghan President Hamid Karzai and US Secretary of State Hillary
Rodham Clinton offered an olive branch to Taliban fighters who
reject al-Qaida and pressed an international conference for help in
strengthening Afghanistan's security forces.
2009 Mar 31, In southern
Afghanistan foreign and Afghan troops killed 30 Taliban fighters and
wounded 17 others during a series of overnight clashes, while a
roadside bomb killed the mayor of eastern Khost city. A member of
the Kandahar provincial council of religious clerics was shot dead
while going home after prayers. A suicide bomber tried to attack a
police post on the border with Iran but blew himself up prematurely
when police warned him to stop.
(AP, 3/31/09)(AP, 4/1/09)
2009 Mar 31, Raul Alfonsin
(b.1927), former Argentine president (1983-1989), died. He guided
his country's return to democracy following a military dictatorship
that left thousands missing.
2009 Mar 31, In Brazil the
state government of Rio de Janeiro said it will build 7 miles of
concrete walls around some of its biggest slums in an effort to halt
deforestation of the jungle surrounding the metropolis.
(SFC, 4/1/09, p.A2)
2009 Mar 31, Sir Sacheverell
Reresby Sitwell (81) died in London. He restored the stately home of
his famously eccentric family to its former glory. In 1965 Reresby
Sitwell inherited Renishaw Hall in Derbyshire, the family seat since
1625. Sitwell was the elder son of Sacheverell Sitwell, who with his
brother Osbert and sister Edith were famed for their literary talent
and their quirks.
2009 Mar 31, In Cambodia Kaing
Guek Eav (aka Duch), the chief Khmer Rouge torturer, formally
apologized for the deaths of more than 14,000 people at S-21 prison,
the first Pol Pot cadre to accept blame for crimes committed by the
regime 30 years ago.
2009 Mar 31, In China and
official said police have arrested nine people and revoked the
license of a livestock market owner in a case involving pork tainted
with a chemical that made 70 people sick in Guangzhou, southern
China's biggest city. Investigators determined the pork was tainted
with clenbuterol and ractopamine, banned chemicals used to make
animals develop more muscle and less fat.
2009 Mar 31, Twelve Egyptian
laborers headed for jobs in Jordan were killed and 35 others injured
when their bus overturned in the Sinai peninsula.
2009 Mar 31, Angry French
workers facing layoffs at a Caterpillar factory briefly detained
four of their bosses at the US manufacturer's plant in the Alps to
protest job cuts.
2009 Mar 31, Germany's top
security official banned the Homeland-Faithful German Youth (HDJ), a
far-right group, on the ground that it organizes seemingly harmless
activities to promote racist and Nazi ideology among children and
2009 Mar 31, In Honduras
assailants stopped journalist Rafael Munguia (36) as he was driving
night in the city of San Pedro Sula, dragged him from his vehicle
and shot him at least eight times. Munguia had recently been
reporting on the country's violent crime wave.
2009 Mar 31, Volkswagen opened
a new plant in western India, pledging to make further inroads into
the country's growing auto market.
2009 Mar 31, In Iraq a suicide
truck bomber plowed through a sandbag barrier to strike a police
station in the northern city of Mosul, killing at least eight people
and wounding 12. The British military transferred over coalition
command of the oil-rich southern province of Basra to the US. A US
Marine died as the result of a non-combat incident in Anbar
province. A US soldier died in a "noncombat-related incident" in
(AP, 3/31/09)(AP, 4/1/09)
2009 Mar 31, Israel’s
parliament approved Benjamin Netanyahu as prime minister. His
Cabinet of 29 ministers was among the largest in Israel’s history.
Israeli forces attacked a group of Palestinian militants along the
Gaza-Israel border, killing two gunmen and wounding three others in
one of the worst flare-ups of violence since Israel ended its
offensive in the territory more than two months ago.
(SFC, 4/1/09, p.A5)(AP, 3/31/09)
2009 Mar 31, Italian police
said they have arrested Mario Chiesa for his alleged role in a scam
involving garbage disposal in Milan and elsewhere in northern Italy.
He was one of eight people apprehended, with two others being placed
under house arrest. Chiesa was arrested in 1992 and convicted for
his involvement in the Clean Hands corruption scandals. He served
his sentences doing socially useful work and was freed in 2000.
2009 Mar 31, Bernardo De
Bernardinis, deputy chief of Italy’s Civil Protection Department,
told the people in the L'Aquila region that recent tremors over the
last 4 months posed no danger. He and 6 others were later indicted
following the April 6 earthquake that left 308 people dead. Their
trial began in 2011. On Nov 10, 2014, an appeals court cleared the
seven defendants in the case. Dr. De Bernardinis received a two-year
suspended sentence for the deaths of some of the victims.
(Econ, 9/17/11, p.86)(SFC, 11/11/14, p.A2)(Econ,
2009 Mar 31, Madagascar's
neighbors suspended the impoverished nation from their regional
development and democracy club, and threatened to take further steps
if the Indian Ocean island's ousted president is not restored to
2009 Mar 31, Mexico’s Pres.
Calderon revealed that his country had secured a $47 billion line of
credit from the IMF. It was the 1st country to be approved for the
new Flexible Credit Line, which does not require a country to make
(WSJ, 4/2/09, p.A6)(Econ, 4/4/09, p.76)
2009 Mar 31, Mexican
authorities said police in northern Mexico caught a gang that
allegedly stole oil from state-owned pipelines and smuggled it
across the border to sell it to US refineries.
2009 Mar 31, Pakistan's Supreme
Court restored the provincial government of a main opposition leader
in the Punjab, easing political turmoil. The decision by a
five-member bench returned Shahbaz Sharif to his post as chief
minister of Punjab, but it did not end court reviews of a case
questioning the eligibility of Sharif and his brother Nawaz for
2009 Mar 31, Baitullah Mehsud,
the commander of the Pakistani Taliban, claimed responsibility for
the March 30 deadly assault on a Pakistani police academy and said
the group was planning a terrorist attack on the White House that
would "amaze" the world. A spokesman from Fedayeen al-Islam, a
little-known militant group linked to the Pakistani Taliban, also
claimed credit for the attack and a similar ambush-style attack
against the Sri Lankan cricket team earlier this month in Lahore.
2009 Mar 31, Peru’s President
Alan Garcia reversed course and accepted a donation from Germany for
a museum honoring those killed in Peru's 20-year armed conflict with
Maoist Shining Path guerrillas.
2009 Mar 31, In Qatar
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez sought Arab support for a proposed
oil-backed currency to challenge the US dollar in his latest swipe
at Washington's dominance in global financial affairs.
2009 Mar 31, In Russia
prominent human rights activist Lev Ponomaryov (67) was beaten
outside his Moscow home by unknown attackers. His daughter, Yelena
Liptser, said she believed Ponomaryov, the head of the All-Russia
Movement for Human Rights, was attacked because of his rights work
and his strident criticism of the Kremlin.
2009 Mar 31, In Moscow, Russia,
the hatch slammed shut behind six volunteers from Europe and Russia
who will spend three months isolated in a capsule to simulate
conditions for a manned mission to Mars.
2009 Mar 31, Sri Lanka's Tamil
Tiger rebels appealed again for a halt to fighting in their war
against the government, though they denied they were on the brink of
defeat despite being backed into an ever-shrinking pocket of land.
2009 Mar 31, In Yemen Jan and
Heleen Janszen, a Dutch couple, were kidnapped in a suburb of Sanaa
and taken to a mountainous area near the capital. They were released
on April 14 after Yemen's government paid more than a quarter
million dollars in ransom.
(AFP, 3/31/09)(SFC, 4/1/09, p.A2)(AP, 4/14/09)
2010 Mar 31, President Barack
Obama announced an expansive new policy that could put oil and
natural gas platforms in waters along the southern Atlantic
coastline, the eastern Gulf of Mexico and part of Alaska.
2010 Mar 31, The US federal
government and environmental groups reached an agreement that will
end the ghost fleet of retired ships in Suisun Bay, Ca.
(SFC, 4/1/10, p.A1)
2010 Mar 31, The CalNeva casino
on the north shore of Lake Tahoe closed due to declining gambling
(SFC, 4/1/10, p.C5)
2010 Mar 31, Flooding across
the US Northeast forced hundreds of residents from their homes,
knocked out sewage plants, and snarled traffic on major East Coast
routes as roads. Rhode Island endured the most severe damage as the
Pawtuxet reached 20.8 feet unleashing the worst flooding in over 200
(AP, 3/31/10)(Econ, 4/10/10, p.32)
2010 Mar 31, US Navy Lt. Steven
Zilberman's E-2C Hawkeye went down in the North Arabian Sea after it
"experienced mechanical malfunctions." Three other crew members
survived the crash without significant injuries.
2010 Mar 31, In southern
Afghanistan a bomb concealed on a bicycle killed 13 people, as the
Pentagon's top military officer said NATO forces hope to reverse the
Taliban's momentum in the south with an upcoming offensive in
2010 Mar 31, In Antigua a judge
ruled Wednesday that PM Baldwin Spencer and two other lawmakers were
improperly elected last year, a decision potentially threatening the
governing party's narrow hold on power in this Caribbean country.
Earlier this month, Spencer's government announced that the
International Monetary Fund agreed to lend the country $124 million
over three years.
2010 Mar 31, In Belgium a
parliamentary committee unanimously voted to ban the wearing of
face-covering veils in public, a major step in the legislative
process that could make Belgium the first European country to impose
such a religious prohibition.
2010 Mar 31, US envoy Stephen
Rapp said the US has pledged $5 million to Cambodia's Khmer Rouge
tribunal amid the troubled court's attempts to address corruption
2010 Mar 31, In central China a
gas explosion at a mine killed 12 workers and trapped 32 underground
at the privately owned Guomin Mining Co. coal pit in Yichuan County,
2010 Mar 31, In Dagestan 2
suicide bombers struck near the border with Chechnya, killing 12
2010 Mar 31, Nearly 50 donors
pledged $9.9 billion in reconstruction aid for Haiti at a UN donor
conference, but leaders and businessmen stressed private investment
would be the key to improving the lot of the hemisphere's poorest
2010 Mar 31, Six major world
powers agreed to begin putting together proposed new sanctions on
Iran over its suspect nuclear program after China dropped its
2010 Mar 31, In Iraq gunmen
fatally shot Mohammed Chillab, a health ministry official, at his
home in Baghdad in the latest slaying apparently targeting
government employees. A mobile phone shop owner was gunned down and
killed as he was closing his store for the night.
2010 Mar 31, In Kashmir 4
Indian soldiers and 10 separatist guerrillas were killed in clashes,
the highest number of people killed in firefights in 24 hours in
2010 Mar 31, In Mexico
authorities in the Gulf coast state of Tabasco announced that
Roberto Rivero Arana, the nephew of reputed Zetas gang leader
Heriberto Lazcano, was captured together with Daniel Perez, an
acting police chief of Ciudad del Carmen, accused of protecting the
Zetas. 4 severed human heads were found in Apatzingan, a town in the
western state of Michoacan. In Morelia, the Michoacan state capital,
police reported finding the bodies of 3 young men who had been shot
to death. Police in the border city of Nogales reported finding the
bullet-ridden bodies of 3 men, including a city transport official,
on a rural road along with three burned-out vehicles.
2010 Mar 31, Niger's police
director said police have arrested more than 600 people in an effort
to crackdown on recent crime and insecurity in the capital.
2010 Mar 31, Nigerian gunmen
kidnapped Chris Nnaji. a local employee of French oil group Total,
on his way to work in the country's oil hub of Port Harcourt.
2010 Mar 31, In Pakistan US
missiles and fighting in the mountains killed up to 36 militants and
six Pakistani soldiers as violence swept the northwest tribal belt
2010 Mar 31, In southern Russia
2 suicide bombers, including one impersonating a police officer,
killed 12 people in Dagestan. PM Vladimir Putin said the blasts may
have been organized by the same militants who attacked the Moscow
subway. Russian police broke up anti-Kremlin protests in Moscow and
St. Petersburg, detaining dozens of demonstrators who had defied
bans in holding the rallies.
2010 Mar 31, Scotland and
Northern Ireland were battered by snow, gale force winds and
torrential rain, leaving thousands of people without power and
causing havoc on roads.
2010 Mar 31, In Spain flight
attendant Adriana Ricardo said attendants owed up to nine months'
wages by a grounded Spanish airline have posed nude for a calendar
to draw attention to their plight. Air Comet, run by the embattled
chairman of Spain's main employers' association CEOE, Gerardo
Ferran, filed for administration in December after a British court
impounded nine of its aircraft at the request of German bank HSH
2010 Mar 31, Southern Sudan's
main political party withdrew its candidate from the country's
upcoming presidential election and said it will not contest
parliamentary and local polls in Darfur, a move that erodes the
credibility of Sudan's first multiparty election in decades.
2010 Mar 31, Swiss authorities
said they could not reopen a money-laundering case against the
Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari as long as he enjoys legal
2010 Mar 31, Taiwan officials
lost contact with the 79-ton Jih-chun Tsai 68 fishing trawler and
the government feared the boat may have been hijacked by pirates off
the Somali coast.
2010 Mar 31, Google Inc. says
malicious software has been used to spy on Vietnamese computer users
opposed to a controversial bauxite mine in the Southeast Asian
country. Computer security firm McAfee said the perpetrators may be
linked to the communist government.
2011 Mar 31, It was reported
that the World Trade Organization has ruled that some US government
aid to aircraft maker Boeing Co. is illegal. The WTO's report
detailed findings first issued in private to the EU and US in
2011 Mar 31, SF Giants fan
Bryan Stow was beaten and left in a coma following a game outside
Dodger Stadium. LA police on May 22 arrested suspect Giovanni
Ramirez (31). On June 20 Ramirez was given a 10-month prison
sentence for alleged gun possession. On July 21 police arrested two
new suspects in the case, Louis Alex Sanchez (29) and Marvin Eugene
Norwood (30). Stow spent two years in hospitals and rehabilitation.
On Feb 20, 2014, Louie Sanchez (31) and Marvin Norwood (33) pleaded
guilty in LA to felony charges in the attack on Stow.
(SFC, 5/23/11, p.A1)(SFC, 6/21/11, p.C2)(SFC,
7/22/11, p.A1)(SFC, 7/23/11, p.A8)(SFC, 2/21/14, p.A1)
2011 Mar 31, In Afghanistan
NATO soldiers killed two civilians after opening fire on a car which
the force said had tried to attack a patrol in Kandahar city. A
local official said an ISAF soldier opened fire after a civilian car
hit one of their vehicles in a traffic accident.
2011 Mar 31, In Argentina a
court sentenced former Army Gen. Eduardo Cabanillas to life in
prison and three ex-state agents to 20 or 25 years for crimes
against humanity committed at Automotores Orletti, the notorious
torture center of Operation Condor in 1976.
2011 Mar 31, Britain’s former
Labor Party MP Jim Devine was sentenced to 16 months in prison. He
had been convicted of two charges of false accounting for filing
bogus invoices for cleaning and printing work totaling more than
8,000 pounds ($13,000).
2011 Mar 31, The British
government said in a human rights report published about 1,000
people are believed to have been killed in clashes between
supporters and opponents of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi. Britain
refused to offer Libyan Foreign Minister Moussa Koussa immunity from
prosecution after his apparent defection.
2011 Mar 31, Britain's Prince
Charles met with Spanish PM Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero for talks
centering on the environment and sustainable development.
2011 Mar 31, Canadian Lt. Gen.
Charles Bouchard, the new commander of international military
operations in Libya, warned that anyone attacking civilians would be
"ill-advised" to continue, and said he would look into a report by a
Vatican envoy that air strikes had killed 40 innocent people.
2011 Mar 31, In China French
President Nicolas Sarkozy and US Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner
called for more flexible exchange rate regimes as G20 nations met on
global monetary reform in Nanjing.
2011 Mar 31, Guatemala police
said some 400 people marched in support of Juan Alberto Ortiz Lopez,
a reputed top drug trafficker captured by the government and the US
Drug Enforcement Administration. Participant Juan Pablo Mendez said
the Ortiz did what the government doesn't, create jobs and support
2011 Mar 31, In India
provisional census figures said the population jumped to 1.21
billion in 2011 from 1.02 billion in 2001, making it more populous
than Indonesia, the United States, Brazil, Pakistan and Bangladesh
combined. The nation's cultural preference for male children
continued to shape the population as child sex ratio in the country
declined to 914 females to 1,000 males, the lowest figures since
2011 Mar 31, Indonesia arrested
43 Afghans who were trying to reach Australia illegally.
2011 Mar 31, Iranian security
forces arrested at least seven people at the funeral of the father
of reformist opposition leader Mir Hossein Mousavi.
2011 Mar 31, The Israeli
military released a map detailing what it says are nearly 1,000
underground bunkers, weapons storage facilities and monitoring sites
built by the militant Hezbollah guerrillas in southern Lebanon.
2011 Mar 31, Italy shipped more
than 2,000 migrants to detention camps on its mainland, relieving
pressure on Lampedusa, a tiny island off Sicily which has been
overwhelmed by a relentless stream of boats full of illegal arrivals
from North African shores.
2011 Mar 31, Japan said that
its crisis-hit nuclear plant must be scrapped, but currently had no
plans to evacuate more people, despite calls for a larger exclusion
zone around the crippled facility.
2011 Mar 31, Kuwait's Cabinet
resigned over regional turmoil. The resignation appeared to be an
attempt by three Cabinet ministers, members of the ruling Al Sabah
family, to avoid being questioned over why Kuwait did not contribute
troops to the Saudi-led Gulf force that was sent to Bahrain. Kuwait
announced it is to expel a number of Iranian diplomats for alleged
(AP, 3/31/11)(AFP, 3/31/11)
2011 Mar 31, Libyan rebels
fought for control of the eastern oil town of Brega. Opponents took
heart in the defection of Foreign Minister Moussa Koussa, one of the
autocrat's closest confidants.
(Reuters, 3/31/11)(AP, 3/31/11)
2011 Mar 31, Mexico’s President
Felipe Calderon accepted the resignation of Arturo Chavez Chavez, an
attorney general known mainly for his weak image in a country
fighting a drug war, and nominated Marisela Morales, his top
organized crime prosecutor as a successor, the first woman to hold
the post if she is approved. In Ciudad Juarez 5 people were killed
at a bar called La Barritas. Gunmen assaulted another bar called El
Castillo. The death toll from the attack rose to 10 after two more
people died the next day from their wounds.
(AP, 4/1/11)(AP, 4/2/11)(AFP, 4/3/11)
2011 Mar 31, In northwestern
Pakistan a suicide bomber struck a convoy carrying Maulana Fazlur
Rehman, a prominent hardline Islamist leader, killing 13 people in
Charsadda town. This was the second attack that targeted the
politician in as many days.
(AP, 3/31/11)(AFP, 4/1/11)
2011 Mar 31, South Korea's
Constitutional Court upheld a military law banning homosexual
behavior, saying the need to maintain discipline takes precedence
over individual sexual freedom.
2011 Mar 31, In Switzerland a
letter bomb exploded at an office of the Swiss nuclear power
industry in the northern city of Olten, injuring two people.
2011 Mar 31, Syria's Pres.
Bashar Assad, facing a massive protest movement demanding reform,
set up committees to look into the deaths of civilians during nearly
two weeks of unrest and replacing decades-old emergency laws.
2011 Mar 31, Thailand's navy
used helicopters and an aircraft carrier to rescue more than 800
tourists stranded by heavy rains on the country's picturesque
2011 Mar 31, A report by Human
Rights Watch said Vietnam has increased repression of indigenous
minority Christians in the Central Highlands. Hill tribe minorities,
known as Montagnards, converted to Christianity in large numbers
over the past half century.
(SFC, 4/1/11, p.A2)
2012 Mar 31, Bahraini security
forces fired tear gas during clashes with protesters who gathered
after authorities acknowledged that gunfire earlier in the day
killed Ahmed Ismail (22) during anti-government demonstrations.
2012 Mar 31, China’s official
Xinhua news agency said authorities have closed 16 websites for
spreading rumors of "military vehicles entering Beijing and
something wrong going on there. China made a string of arrests and
punished two popular microblogs after rumors of a coup linked to a
major scandal that brought down a top politician.
2012 Mar 31, China opened the
record breaking 4,000-ft-long Aizhai Bridge in Hunan province.
Construction began in October 2007. It is the world's highest and
longest tunnel-to-tunnel bridge.
2012 Mar 31, Cuba said it will
honor an appeal by Pope Benedict XVI and declared next week's Good
Friday a holiday for the first time since the early days following
the island's 1959 Revolution, though a decision on whether the move
will be permanent will have to wait.
2012 Mar 31, Five Egyptian
Copts, including two teenage girls, were crushed to death at the
tomb of their spiritual leader Pope Shenuda III who died last week.
Monastery officials had allowed visitors to visit Shenuda's tomb,
prompting a rush to the desert monastery.
2012 Mar 31, In Iraq unknown
gunmen shot dead a member of the Sahwa anti-Qaeda militia forces
along with his wife and son north of Baghdad in Diyala province.
2012 Mar 31, Amnesty
International urged Jordan to free six political activists charged
with insulting King Abdullah II, saying that at least three of them
were beaten during interrogation. The men were arrested and charged
by military prosecutors in mid-March after a demonstration in the
southern city of Tafileh. Jordanian security forces arrested 12
activists for insulting the country's King Abdullah II in a rally in
(AFP, 3/31/12)(AP, 3/31/12)
2012 Mar 31, Libya's
transitional government head Abdel Rahim al-Kib announced that a
ceasefire deal has been struck between tribes at Sabha. At least 16
people were killed in tribal clashes in the southern desert oasis of
Sabha. Toubou fighters, who had been pushed back several km south of
Sabha, launched a counter-attack early today in a bid to re-enter
the city. The toll reached 147 dead and 395 wounded in six days.
(AFP, 3/31/12)(AP, 3/31/12)
2012 Mar 31, The Libyan
ministry of defense enlisted more than 8,000 former rebels who will
be trained in the protection of borders and strategic sites
including the nation's vital oil installations.
2012 Mar 31, The IMF again
pressured impoverished Malawi to devalue its currency, which is
trading on the black market at nearly double the official exchange
2012 Mar 31, In Mali Tuareg
rebels attacked the strategic northern city of Gao, a day after they
took the provincial capital of Kidal. Junta head Captain Amadou
Sanogo ordered the army "not to prolong the fighting" in Gao, a move
that left the main northern town open to the rampant rebels.
(AP, 3/31/12)(AFP, 3/31/12)
2012 Mar 31, In Nicaragua
businessman Henry Farinas and six others were accused of
trafficking, money laundering and ties to organized crime. Farinas
was the apparent target of an attack that claimed the life of
Argentine folk singer Facundo Cabral last year.
2012 Mar 31, Nigerian troops
clashed with suspected members of Islamist group Boko Haram in a
raid on an alleged hideout, leaving 11 dead, including a soldier and
policeman in the Okene district of Kogi state. Suspected members of
Islamist group Boko Haram attacked three police stations in Yobe
state, burning two of them.
(AFP, 3/31/12)(AFP, 4/1/12)
2012 Mar 31, In southern
Thailand suspected Muslim insurgents staged the most deadly attack
in years, killing 14 people and wounding 340 with car bombs that
targeted shoppers just before lunchtime in Yala city. Five people
were killed and dozens injured in a fire at a hotel in Hat Yai, the
largest city in southern Thailand.
(AFP, 3/31/12)(AP, 4/1/12)
2012 Mar 31, Tunisia's
Religious Affairs Minister Nourredine al-Khademi said the country
will take stock of the hundreds of mosques now in the hands of
ultra-conservatives. He estimated that about 400 of more than 5,000
mosques had fallen under the sway of Salafist extremists.
2012 Mar 31, Venezuelan
President Hugo Chavez traveled to Cuba for another round of cancer
2012 Mar 31, In Yemen
Al-Qaida-linked militants staged a surprise attack on a government
army base in al-Mallah town in southern Lahij province, setting off
clashes that left 28 soldiers and 12 militants dead before air
strikes forced the militants to retreat.
(AP, 3/31/12)(AFP, 4/3/12)
2013 Mar 31, An Alaska State
Trooper helicopter crashed overnight during a mission to rescue a
stranded snowmobiler. All three onboard were believed killed.
(SFC, 4/1/13, p.A5)
2013 Mar 31, Tesla reported
that it had scored the first quarterly profit in its history after
selling more luxury electric cars than forecast.
(SFC, 4/2/13, p.D1)
2013 Mar 31, Afghan Pres. Hamid
Karzai met with the emir of Qatar in Doha to discuss the possible
opening of a Taliban office in Qatar.
(SFC, 4/1/13, p.A4)
2013 Mar 31, In Brazil a French
man and US woman studying Portuguese were held for hours while the
woman was sexually assaulted aboard a public transport van they
boarded in Rio de Janeiro's Copacabana beach neighborhood. Three
men, ages 20 to 22, were soon taken into custody and a third was
being sought in connection with the attack. Police later detained a
14-year-old suspected of participating in the attack. On Aug 14
three men were convicted of grand theft, rape and extortion.
(AP, 4/2/13)(SFC, 4/3/13, p.A3)(SFC, 4/9/13,
2013 Mar 31, Chinese officials
confirmed that three recent cases of influenza were due to a new
strain called H7N9.
(Econ, 4/20/13, p.83)
2013 Mar 31, A study by the New
Delhi-based Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry said the
number of foreigners traveling to India has dropped by 25 percent
due to sex attacks. The number of women tourists has dropped by 35
2013 Mar 31, Israel began
receiving natural gas from the Tamar reservoir in the Mediterranean
Sea at the port of Ashdod.
(SFC, 4/1/13, p.A4)
2013 Mar 31, In Kuwait a lower
court sentenced online activist Hamed al-Khaledi to two years in
jail for insulting the country's emir.
2013 Mar 31, In Morocco several
thousand members of the country’s two largest labor unions marched
through Rabat to protest the Islamist-led governments planned
economic and labor reforms and its failure to stem unemployment and
(SFC, 4/1/13, p.A2)
2013 Mar 31, Nigeria's military
said soldiers have attacked a home in Kano believed to harbor
Islamic extremists. The assault killed 14 people. At least 19 people
were reported killed after gunmen, believed to be nomadic Muslim
cattle herders, raided Ataka village in Kaduna state.
(AP, 3/31/13)(AP, 4/1/13)
2013 Mar 31, In Pakistan
Taliban militants attacked with a roadside bomb the election
motorcade of Malik Adnan Wazir, a secularist-backed politician,
wounding him and killing two of his supporters in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
2013 Mar 31, Syria's state news
said rebels have set fire to 3 oil wells. SANA said that the fires
would cause a daily loss of 4,670 barrels of oil and 52 cubic meters
of natural gas. SANA said rebels have set fire to a total of nine
wells in recent months.
2013 Mar 31, Pope Francis
delivered a plea for peace in his first Easter Sunday message to the
2014 Mar 31, In Connecticut The
Rev. Paul Gotta was arrested on seven sexual assault charges. Police
say the assaults took place over the span of a year beginning in
January 2012. He was arrested by federal authorities last year on
charges including illegally transferring a gun, ammunition and
explosive material to a juvenile.
2014 Mar 31, Charles Keating
(b.1923), moral crusader and former Arizona land developer, died in
Phoenix. He had bilked some 23,000 investors out of their savings in
Lincoln Savings, a savings and loan association based in Irvine,
Ca., that went bust in 1989.
(Econ, 4/12/14, p.94)
2014 Mar 31, In Afghanistan
insurgent attacks across the country killed 18 people. In the north
Taliban gunmen overnight abducted Hussain Nazari, a candidate
running for a seat in a provincial council and seven members of his
2014 Mar 31, Chinese
prosecutors brought corruption charges against a top general. A
military prosecutor charged Lt. Gen. Gu Junshan with embezzlement,
bribery, misuse of state funds and abuse of power. Liu Han, a mining
tycoon, his brother and 34 associates stood trial on allegations of
running a vast criminal gang in Sichuan province that gunned down
rivals, maintained fleets of Ferraris and bribed police to avoid
2014 Mar 31, A Croatian court
sentenced the country's former army chief retired general Mladen
Kruljac to 18 months in prison, saying he and five others had
manipulated real estate prices in deals that eventually cost Croatia
61.2 million kuna ($11 million).
2014 Mar 31, An Egyptian court
in Alexandria sentenced 33 supporters of ousted Islamist President
Mohammed Morsi to six years in prison each over clashes with
opponents last December. Each defendant was also fined 50,000
Egyptian pounds (about $7,100).
2014 Mar 31, German authorities
arrested three people in raids against suspected supporters of a
hardline Islamic group in Syria, a move meant to curb risks posed by
extremists returning from Syria's civil war.
2014 Mar 31, Germany's
Lufthansa said it will cancel some 3,800 flights because of a
three-day strike by the pilots' union later this week (April 2-4),
hitting more than 425,000 passengers.
2014 Mar 31, In Germany workers
at Amazon’s logistics center in Leipzig staged the short-term
warning strike to try to get management to return to the negotiating
table over wages.
2014 Mar 31, Doctors Without
Borders warned that health authorities in Guinea faced an
"unprecedented epidemic" of Ebola, as the death toll from the
disease that causes severe bleeding reached 78.
2014 Mar 31, An Israeli court
convicted former PM Ehud Olmert (68) in a wide-ranging bribery case.
Olmert was charged for acts committed while he was mayor of
Jerusalem and minister of industry and trade.
2014 Mar 31, The International
Court of Justice ordered a temporary halt to Japan's Antarctic
whaling program, ruling that it is not for scientific purposes as
the Japanese government had claimed.
2014 Mar 31, In Kenya three
almost simultaneous blasts in Eastleigh, the main Somali district of
Nairobi, left at least 6 people dead.
2014 Mar 31, The Libyan
Investment Authority, a sovereign wealth fund set up in 2006, said
it is suing French bank Societe Generale in a British court for $1.5
billion (1.1 billion euros) for allegedly channeling bribes to
allies of the son of slain dictator Moamer Kadhafi.
2014 Mar 31, A Nigerian court
ruled that lawmakers who defected to the main opposition coalition
in December must vacate their seats. This was a victory for
President Goodluck Jonathan ahead of what will be a closely fought
election in February 2015.
2014 Mar 31, North and South
Korea exchanged artillery fire in disputed waters in an apparent new
round of saber-rattling by Pyongyang during annual US-South Korean
2014 Mar 31, A special
Pakistani court indicted former military ruler Pervez Musharraf on
five counts of high treason, a charge that potentially carries the
death penalty. The development is the first time that an acting or
former army chief has been indicted for treason in Pakistan.
2014 Mar 31, Russia’s PM
Medvedev said Crimea will be made a special economic zone offering
tax breaks and reduced bureaucracy to attract investors.
2014 Mar 31, Switzerland's
competition regulator named eight global banks it is investigating
for possible manipulation of foreign exchange rates. It cited the
two largest Swiss banks, UBS and Credit Suisse, along with Zurich
Cantonal Bank, Julius Baer and JP Morgan Chase, Citigroup, Barclays
Bank and Royal Bank of Scotland Group.
2014 Mar 31, Syrian army troops
recaptured a key position in coastal Latakia province. Observatory
45 is a strategic hilltop that overlooks several areas inhabited by
residents from the Alawite community.
2014 Mar 31, Two Tunisian
police officers were convicted of raping a young woman in September
2012, and sentenced to seven years in prison in a case that drew
widespread protests after the victim was initially accused of
2014 Mar 31, Key Ugandan
opposition leader and mayor of the capital Erias Lukwago resumed
office five months after being ousted in a power struggle with the
ruling party. A court ruling last week said his removal had been
2014 Mar 31, Ukraine reported a
gradual withdrawal of Russian troops from its border that may be
linked to Washington's latest push for a diplomatic solution to the
worst East-West standoff since the Cold War.
2014 Mar 31, In Ukraine a Right
Sector member shot and wounded three people outside a restaurant
adjacent to Kiev's main Independence Square, including a deputy city
mayor, triggering a standoff that lasted overnight.