Today in History - April 1
Return to home
All Fool's Day.
(HFA, '96, p.28)
527 Apr 1,
Emp. Justin named Justinianus co-emperor of Byzantium. [see Apr 4]
(OTD)(PC, 1992 ed, p.54)
1204 Apr 1, Eleanor of
Aquitaine (81), wife of Louis VII and Henry II, died in Poitiers. In
1950 Amy Kelly authored “Eleanor of Aquitaine and the Four Kings.”
1504 Apr 1, English guilds went
under state control.
1548 Apr 1, Sigismund I, the
Elder (81), King of Poland, died.
(TL-MB, 1988, p.17)(MC, 4/1/02)
1572 Apr 1, The Sea Beggars
under Guillaume de la Marck landed in Holland and captured the small
town of Briel.
1578 Apr 1, William Harvey
England (d.1657), discoverer of blood circulation, was born.
(HN, 4/1/99)(WUD, 1994, p.648)
1611 Apr 1, Gillis van
Valkenborch (~72), Flemish painter, was buried.
1621 Apr 1, The Plymouth,
Massachusetts colonists created the first treaty with Native
1647 Apr 1, John Wilmot
(d.1680) Second Earl of Rochester, poet (A Satyr Upon Mankinde),
scandalous pornographer and bawdy playwright, was born. He married
Elizabeth Malet, and carried on an affair with the actress Elizabeth
Barry. His friend, playwright George Etherege modeled the character
Dorimont after him in "Man of Mode." A 1994 play by Stephen Jeffrey
titled "The Libertine," is based on Wilmot’s life.
(WSJ, 3/28/96,p.A-12)(WSJ, 1/14/98, p.A17)
1683 Apr 1, Roger Williams
(b.1603) died in poverty in Rhode Island. Williams died at
Providence between, his wife Mary having predeceased him in 1676.
Williams was the first champion of complete religious toleration in
America. In 2005 Edwin S. Gaustad authored the biography “Roger
1697 Apr 1, Abbe Prevost,
French novelist, journalist (Manon Lescaut), was born.
1724 Apr 1, Jonathan Swift
published Drapier's letters.
1734 Apr 1, Louis Lully (69),
French composer, died.
1748 Apr 1, The ruins of
Pompeii were found.
1755 Apr 1, Jean Anthelme
Brillat-Savarin, French lawyer (Fisiologia del Gusto), was born.
1776 Apr 1, Friedrich von
Klinger's "Sturm und Drang," premiered in Leipzig.
1778 Apr 1, Oliver Pollock, a
New Orleans businessman, created the "$" symbol.
1789 Apr 1, The U.S. House of
Representatives held its first full meeting, in New York City.
Frederick Muhlenberg of Pennsylvania was elected the first House
1792 Apr 1, Gronings feminist
Etta Palm demanded women's right to divorce.
1793 Apr 1, The volcano Unsen
on Japan erupted killing about 53,000.
1799 Apr 1, Narciso Casanovas
(52), composer, died.
1815 Apr 1, Otto von Bismarck
(d.1898), German statesman, was born. He founded the German Empire
and was the chancellor of Germany, the Second Reich, from 1866-90
[1971-1990]. The Iron Chancellor created the modern social insurance
state when he introduced transfer payments to appease worker
insecurities. “History is simply a piece of paper covered with
print; the main thing is still to make history, not to write it.”
"Every man had his basic worth - from which must be subtracted his
(WUD, 1994, p.151)(AP, 11/6/97)(WSJ, 4/24/98,
p.A14)(SFEC, 3/7/99, Z1 p.8)(HN, 4/1/99)
1823 Apr 1, Simon Bolivar
Buckner (d.1914), Lt. Gen. (Confederate Army), was born.
1826 Apr 1, Samuel Mory
patented the internal combustion engine.
1834 Apr 1, Isidore Edouard
Legouix, composer, was born.
1850 Apr 1, The San Francisco
County government was established.
1852 Apr 1, Edward Austin
Abbey, US, painter (Quest of the Holy Grail), was born.
1853 Apr 1, Cincinnati, Ohio,
established a fire department made up of paid city employees.
1862 Apr 1, Shenandoah Valley
campaign, Jackson's Battle of Woodstock, VA.
1863 Apr 1, First wartime
conscription law went into effect in the U.S.
1864 Apr 1, The first travel
accident policy was issued to James Batterson by the Travelers
1865 Apr 1, At the Battle of
Five Forks in Petersburg, Va., Gen. Robert E. Lee began his final
1865 Apr 1-9, Battle at
1866 Apr 1, Ferruccio D.M.B.
Busoni, pianist, composer, conductor (Arlecchino), was born in
1866 Apr 1, US Congress
rejected presidential veto and gave all equal rights.
1867 Apr 1, Blacks voted in the
municipal election in Tuscumbia, Alabama.
Apr 1, The International Exhibition, Exposition Universelle, opened
(OTD)(ON, 9/06, p.11)
Apr 1, Singapore, Penang & Malakka became
British crown colonies.
1868 Apr 1, Edmond Rostand,
French dramatist (Cyrano de Bergerac), was born.
1868 Apr 1, The Hampton
Institute was founded in Hampton, Va.
Apr 1, The first edition of The Standard was published.
Apr 1, M. Namik Kemal’s play “Vatan yahut
Silistre " premiered in Constantinople.
1873 Apr 1, Composer Sergei
Rachmaninoff (d.1943) was born in Novgorod Province, Russia. [see
1873 Apr 1, The British White
Star steamship Atlantic, enroute to NYC from Liverpool with 811
passengers under Capt. James Agnew Williams (33), sank off Nova
Scotia killing 565 people, mostly women and children. A court of
inquiry suspended Williams for 2 years.
(ON, 4/03, p.7)
1875 Apr 1, Edgar Wallace,
novelist, playwright, journalist (Terror), was born in England.
1876 Apr 1, The first official
NL baseball game took place. Boston beat Philadelphia 6-5.
1878 Apr 1, The 1st large-scale
Easter Monday egg roll was held on White House lawn under President
Rutherford B. Hayes and his wife Lucy. The egg roll has been held
every year since except during the war years of WWI and WWII until
1953 when Pres. Eisenhower re-established the egg roll tradition.
(AH, 4/07, p.14)(http://tinyurl.com/ygrbvwq)
1878 Apr 1, Carl Sternheim,
German playwright (Hyperion, Tabula Rasa), was born.
1878 Apr 1, The city of
Berkeley, home to UC Berkeley, was incorporated.
(SFC, 3/28/03, p.A3)
1878 Apr 1, In Lincoln, N.M.,
the Regulators, including Billy the Kid, ambushed and killed Sheriff
William Brady, a James Dolan partisan, along with a deputy.
(SFEC, 2/23/96, p.T8,9)(SFC, 2/2/01, p.A14)
Apr 1, Anti-Jewish riots took place in Jerusalem.
Apr 1, Kingdom post office in Netherlands opened.
1883 Apr 1, Aleksander V.
Aleksandrov, Russian composer, conductor, was born.
1883 Apr 1, Lon Chaney, actor
know as "man of a thousand faces," (High Noon, Phantom of Opera),
Apr 1, The first dishwashing machine was marketed (in Chicago).
Apr 1, The London-Paris telephone connection opened.
1891 Apr 1, Painter Gauguin
left Marseille for Tahiti.
1894 Apr 1, The manufacture and
sale of Kinetoscopes and films were assigned to the Edison
Manufacturing Company, thus moving them out of the experimental
laboratory. The Kinetograph Department, a new division in the Edison
Company, was launched.
1895 Apr 1, Alberta Hunter,
blues singer, was born.
1905 Apr 1, US Leather was
removed from the Dow Jones. It was succeeded by Central Leather Co.
It was one of the nation’s largest shoemakers in the first decades
of this century.
(WSJ, 5/28/96, p.R45)
1905 Apr 1, Berlin and Paris
were linked by telephone.
Apr 1, The British East African Protectorate
became the colony of Kenya.
1909 Apr 1, A US federal opium
law went into effect. In SF Internal Revenue agents prepared for the
law by seizing and destroying all the opium cans they find in the
(SSFC, 3/15/09, DB p.50)
1909 Apr 1, Eddie Duchin,
society pianist, bandleader (Eddie Duchin Orch), was born in Mass.
1909 Apr 1, The ornate Italian
style embassy building at 2600 16th St. in Washington DC was
completed. It was designed by George Oakley Totten Jr. under the
direction of Mrs. Henderson, wife of Sen. John B. Henderson. It was
constructed by the George A. Fuller Co. In 1924 it was sold to the
Lithuanians and became their foreign embassy.
(Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.3)
1911 Apr 1, Gunther Rennert,
opera director, producer, was born in Essen, Germany.
1912 Apr 1, In Japan the
Manseibashi Station opened in Tokyo on the Kanda River and remained
the eastern terminal station of the Kobu Railway for seven years. It
was decommissioned in 1943 and reopened in 2013 as a commercial
1913 Apr 1, In San Francisco
Lee Quon Sing, an aged rag picker, was shot and killed by two
members of the Bing Kong tong, a society at war with the Suey Sing
tong. Police captured Yee Lick, one of the shooters. Lee Quon Sing
was the 8th victim in the war that began three weeks ago over a
(SSFC, 3/31/13, DB p.42)
Apr 1, The first US national women's swimming championships was
1917 Apr 1, In Baltimore some
4,000 pro-war demonstrators stormed a meeting of the American League
Against Militarism and threatened to hang the participants that
included Stanford Univ. Chancellor David Starr Jordan.
(Ind, 4/12/03, 5A)
1917 Apr 1, Scott Joplin
(b.1868), ragtime composer (Sting), died of syphilis in a NY mental
hospital. His work included the opera "Treemonisha."
(MC, 4/1/02)(SFC, 6/21/03, p.D3)
1918 Apr 1, In England the
Royal Flying Corps was replaced by the Royal Air Force.
(AP, 4/1/98)(HN, 4/1/98)(OTD)
1918 Apr 1, Isaac Rosenberg
(b.1890), British WWI war poet, died near Arras, France, during
Ludendorff’s big spring offensive. In 2008 Jean Moorcroft Wilson
authored “Isaac Rosenberg: The Making of a Great War Poet.”
(WSJ, 4/3/09, p.W6)
1919 Apr 1, Joseph E. Murray,
transplant physician, was born.
1920 Apr 1, Toshiro Mifune,
writer, actor (Shogun), was born in Tsing-tao, China.
1920 Apr 1, Germany's Workers
Party changed its name to Nationalist Socialist German Worker's
1922 Apr 1, William Manchester,
historian (Death of a President), was born in Attleboro, Mass.
1922 Apr 1, Karl I (b.1887),
leader of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, died. Also known in the West
as Charles I, he took the throne in 1916 and worked for peace,
abdicating at the end of World War I, a few years before his death.
In 2004 he was beatified by Pope John Paul VI.
1924 Apr 1, Adolf Hitler was
sentenced to five years in prison for "Beer Hall Putsch." Gen
Ludendorff was acquitted for leading the botched Nazi's "Beer Hall
Putsch" in the German state of Bavaria
(HN, 4/1/98)(MC, 4/1/02)
Apr 1, Imperial Airways was formed in Britain.
Apr 1, The first automatic record changer was introduced by His
1928 Apr 1, China's Chiang
Kai-shek began attacks on communists as his army crossed Yang-tse.
(HN, 4/1/98)(MC, 4/1/02)
1929 Apr 1, Milan Kundera,
Czech writer (The Farewell Party), was born. His novel, “The
Unbearable Lightness of Being,” was translated from the Czech in
1984 and was made into a film in 1988.
Apr 1, Louie Marx introduced the Yo-Yo in the US.
1930 Apr 1, The film “Blue
Angel” with Marlene Dietrich and Emil Jannings, premiered in the US.
It was directed by Josef von Sternberg.
(SFEC, 4/23/00, BR p.3)(MC, 4/1/02)
Apr 1, Leo Hartnett (Gabby Hartnett) of the Chicago Cubs broke the
altitude record for a catch by catching a baseball dropped from the
Goodyear blimp 800 feet over Los Angeles, CA. He caught the ball
cleanly, saying, "Eeeeooooww!" His injuries included a broken jaw.
(OTD)(SFC, 10/23/99, p.B7)(MC, 4/1/02)
1930 Apr 1, The US National
Census was taken. Records were made available Apr 1, 2002, according
to 1952 regulations.
(SFC, 4/1/02, p.A3)
1930 Apr 1, Cosima Liszt (92),
wife of Austrian composer Richard Wagner, died.
1931 Apr 1, Rolf Hochhuth,
German playwright (Deputy), was born.
Apr 1, Jackie Mitchell became the first female in professional
baseball when she signed with the Chattanooga Baseball Club.
1931 Apr 1, In NYC the Empire
State Building opened a month ahead of schedule. A dirigible mast
established the height at 1,250 feet above street level.
(ON, 12/08, p.12)
Apr 1, An Earthquake devastated Managua,
Nicaragua, killing 2,000.
1933 Apr 1, Nazi Germany began
persecuting Jews with a boycott of Jewish-owned businesses. [see Mar
1933 Apr 1, Heinrich Himmler
became Police Commander of Germany (Reichsfuhrer-SS).
1934 Apr 1, Two Texas Highway
Patrol officers, E.B. Wheeler (26) and H.D. Murphy (24), were killed
by Henry Methvin, a gang member of Bonnie and Clyde, as they
approached the gang’s car near Grapevine, Texas.
(ON, 7/02, p.2)(SFC, 8/13/96, p.A3)(WSJ, 1/26/08,
1935 Apr 1, The first radio
tube to be made of metal was announced in Schenectady, NY.
Apr 1, Aden became a British colony.
1939 Apr 1, The United States
recognized the Franco government in Spain following the end of the
Spanish civil war. A Spanish official later said that without
American petroleum and American trucks and American credit we could
never have won the civil war.
(AP, 4/1/98)(Econ, 6/24/06, p.97)
1941 Apr 1, Lillian Hellman's
"Watch on the Rhine," premiered in NYC.
1941 Apr 1, The US Navy took
over San Francisco Bay’s Treasure Island.
(SFC, 5/9/97, p.A28)
Apr 1, The first contract for advertising on a
commercial FM radio station began on W71NY in New York City.
1941 Apr 1, Nazi's forbade Jews
access to cafes in Paris.
1942 Apr 1, The U.S. Navy began
a partial convoy system in the Atlantic.
1942 Apr 1, In San Francisco
the northern and western areas of the city went off limits to all
Japanese, whether alien or non-alien, following an order by Lt. Gen.
John L. De Witt.
(SSFC, 3/26/17, DB p.54)
1944 Apr 1, Japanese troops
conquered Jessami, East-India.
1945 Apr 1, Easter Sunday, the
American assault on Okinawa began with 150,000 army and marine
soldiers. It was the last campaign of World War II. The island was
defended by 100,000 Japanese troops and auxiliaries. It took three
months of heavy fighting to secure the island. US casualties
numbered 68,000 with 8,000 dead. Japanese civilian casualties are
estimated at 100-200 thousand killed. A book was published in 1995
by Col. Hiromishi Yahara, chief Japanese strategist of Okinawa
titled “The Battle for Okinawa.” A counterpoint to the colonel's
account is a collection of first hand accounts from US soldiers in
Gerold Astor's “Operation Iceberg.”
(WSJ, 8/29/95, p.A-12) (AP, 4/1/98)(HN, 4/1/98)
1945 Apr 1, Canadian troop
freed Doetinchem, Enschede, Borculo & Eibergen.
Apr 1, Weight Watchers was formed.
1946 Apr 1, A U.S. mine worker
strike idled 400,000 miners.
1946 Apr 1, Two large
earthquakes shook the Scotch Cap Lighthouse on Unimak Island,
Alaska. A resulting tsunami washed away the lighthouse. The Aleutian
Islands earthquake also triggered a Pacific-wide tsunami that killed
165 people and caused over $26 million in damages. Tidal waves
struck the Hawaiian islands, resulting in more than 170 deaths. 91
people were killed in Hilo.
(AP, 4/1/98)(Ind, 6/8/02, 5A)(SSFC, 8/25/02,
p.C14)(SFC, 4/1/09, p.D8)
1947 Apr 1, David Eisenhower,
grandson of Pres. Dwight Eisenhower, was born. He later married
1947 Apr 1, The 1st Jewish
immigrants to Israel disembarked at Port of Eilat.
1947 Apr 1, Greece's King
George II died.
Apr 1, "Happy Pappy" premiered. It was the first
all-black-cast variety show.
1950 Apr 1, The SF population
was 775,357. The census later said 4 of 10 people in SF owned their
own homes with a median value of $11,930. The average SF adult
completed 11.7 years of school and over 19% went on to college.
(SFC, 12/28/01, WB p.G7)(SFC, 1/31/03, p.E4)
1950 Apr 1, Charles R. Drew
(45), surgeon, developer of blood bank concept, died.
1951 Apr 1, U.N. forces again
crossed the 38th Parallel in Korea.
Apr 1, The Big Bang theory was proposed in Physical Review by
Alpher, Bethe & Gamow.
1953 Apr 1, Barry Sonnenfeld,
director (When Harry Met Sally, Big), was born.
1954 Apr 1, U.S. Air Force
Academy was founded in Colorado. President Dwight Eisenhower signed
a bill authorizing the establishment of an Air Force Academy,
similar to West Point and Annapolis. On July 11, 1955, the first
class was sworn in at Lowry Air Force Base. The academy moved to a
permanent site near Colorado Springs, Colorado, in 1958.
(HN, 4/1/98)(HNQ, 2/22/99)(MC, 4/1/02)
1955 Mar 31, US Assay Office in
Seattle, Washington, closed.
Apr 1, "One Man’s Family" was seen on TV for the final time after a
six-years on NBC-TV.
1955 Apr 1, In San Francisco a
4-alarm fire at the Ferry building caused damage estimated at
$500-750k. One spectator was killed by a fire hose entangled in the
wheel of a Muni bus.
(SFC, 4/1/05, p.F8)
1955 Apr 1, EOKA-bomb attacks
took place against British government buildings in Cyprus.
1956 Apr 1, Libby Riddles,
dogsled racer: 1st woman to win Iditarod (1985), was born.
1956 Apr 1, 10th Tony Awards:
Diary of Anne Frank and Damn Yankees won.
1956 Apr 1, Giovanni Giotta
(1920-2016) opened the Cafe Trieste in San Francisco’s North Beach
district at the corner of Grant and Vallejo.
(SFEC, 4/6/97, p.C1)(SFC, 4/1/06, p.A1)(SFC,
1958 Apr 1, President
Eisenhower signed a $1.85 billion emergency housing measure.
1960 Apr 1, The first weather
satellite, TIROS 1, was launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla.
1960 Apr 1, U Nu was elected
premier of Burma.
Apr 1, France exploded a 2nd atom bomb in the Sahara Desert.
Gerboise Blanche (“white gerboa”) was a surface shot fired in a
seven meter deep pit, which accounted for the strange, Christmas
tree-like shape of the fireball. General Ailleret once again
personally initiated the firing of the device.
1961 Apr 1, Jim Bakker, TV
evangelist, married Tammy Faye.
1963 Apr 1, The daytime
television drama "General Hospital" and "Doctors" premiered on ABC.
Apr 1, Most of New York City's daily newspapers
resumed publishing after settlement was reached in a 114-day
strike. Workers of the International Typographical Union ended
their strike that had closed nine New York City newspapers. The
strike ended 114 days after began on December 8, 1962.
1965 Apr 1, King Hussein bin
Talal of Jordanian appointed his younger brother, Prince Hassan bin
Talal, as crown prince and heir to the Hashemite throne. This
required a change to the Jordan constitution to allow for fraternal
1965 Apr 1, Henry D.G. Crerar
(b.1888), Canadian general and the country's "leading field
commander" in World War II, died.
1965 Apr 1, Helena Rubinstein
(89), US cosmetic manufacturer, died. In 2004 Lindy Woodhead
authored “War Paint: Madame Helena Rubinstein & Miss Elizabeth
Arden: Their Lives, Their times, Their Rivalry.”
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helena_Rubinstein)(SSFC, 3/8/09, p.G1)
1967 Apr 1, Sir Edward Compton,
who had been appointed as Ombudsman-designate in September 1966,
began work as Britain’s Parliamentary Ombudsman.
1968 Apr 1, The U.S. Army
launched Operation Pegasus to reopen a land route to the besieged
Khe Sanh Marine base.
1969 Apr 1, Lin Biao
(1907-1971) was named Mao's constitutional successor. Chinese
historical accounts later said Biao showed his true nature two years
later as a murderous opportunist obsessed with seizing power.
1970 Apr 1, President Nixon
signed a measure banning cigarette advertising on radio and
television, to take effect after Jan. 1, 1971.
1970 Apr 1, The US Army charged
Captain Ernest Medina in the Vietnam My Lai massacre.
1970 Apr 1, American Motors
Corp. (AMC) introduced the compact Gremlin for $1879. It was
designed by Richard Teague on the back of a Northwest Airlines
sickness bag. The last Gremlin was made in 1978.
1971 Apr 1, President Richard
M. Nixon ordered Lt. William Calley transferred from prison to house
arrest at Fort Benning, Georgia, pending appeal.
1971 Apr 1, In San Francisco
the Bay Area Reported published its first issue as a community and
culture publication. It was begun by Bob Ross (d.2003 at 69) and
Paul Bentley. Over the next 45 years it evolved to become a local
news source and advocate for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender
(SFC, 12/12/03, p.A29)(SFC, 6/25/16, p.A9)
1972 Apr 1, A US baseball
strike began and lasted to April 13.
1976 Apr 1, Stephen Wozniak,
Ronald Wayne and Steven Jobs founded Apple Computer. They
incorporated Jan 3, 1977. Wayne soon sold his share of Apple for
$800 US dollars, and later accepted $1,500 to forfeit any claims
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronald_Wayne)(Econ, 1/30/15, p.56)
1976 Apr 1, Denise Lampe (19)
of Broadmoor failed to meet a friend and was found fatally stabbed
to death in the parking lot of the Serramonte Center mall in Daly
City, Ca. Lampe was one of five young women killed on the SF
Peninsula in the first four months of this year. The string of
murders were dubbed the “Gypsy Hill killings.” In 2017 DNA evidence
led police to charge Leon Melvin Seymour (71), already being held in
Coalinga State Hospital as an inmate-patient.
(SFC, 11/10/17, p.D7)
1976 Apr 1, Max Ernst (b.1891),
German-French surrealist painter, sculptor, died in Paris.
1976 Apr 1, Pakistan’s PM
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto appointed Zia-ul-Haq as Chief of Army Staff,
ahead of a number of more senior officers.
1977 Apr 1, The U.S. Senate
followed the example of the House by adopting a stringent code of
ethics requiring full financial disclosure and limits on outside
1977 Apr 1, Richard Booth
proclaimed Hay-on-Wye, Wales, an independent kingdom with himself as
king and his horse as prime minister. The Oxford graduate had
purchased the 80-year-old Hay Castle and opened a 2nd hand bookstore
in the town in 1961.
(SSFC, 5/25/03, p.C8)(Econ, 12/24/05, p.84)(SFC,
1979 Apr 1, San Francisco’s
first annual St. Stupid’s Day Parade, founded by Ed Holmes, was held
in the Financial district to mock greed.
(SFEC, 4/2/00, p.B2)(SFC, 4/2/08, p.B1)
1979 Apr 1, Assadullah Sarwari
(b.1941), former air force commander under Pres. Khan, became head
of Afghan secret police (AGSA). He was later arrested for
involvement in the arbitrary arrest, torture and mass killing of
hundreds of opponents and spent 13 years in jail before his trial
began on Dec 26, 2005.
Apr 1, Iran proclaimed to be an Islamic Republic
after the fall of the Shah.
Apr 1, The pro-Iranian Dawah Party claims
responsibility for an attack on Iraq’s Deputy Prime Minister, Tariq
Aziz (b.1936), at Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad.
1980 Apr 1, The southern
African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC) was established
by 9 countries with the Lusaka declaration (Angola, Botswana,
Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe).
The main aim was coordinating development projects in order to
lessen economic dependence on apartheid South Africa. On
August 17, 1992, it was transformed into the Southern African
Development Community (SADC). By 2008 it included 15 members.
1981 Apr 1, Jack Welch began
his term as the head of General Electric.
(WSJ, 9/5/01, p.B10)
1982 Apr 1, The U.S.
transferred the Canal Zone to Panama.
1983 Apr 1, Tens of thousands
of anti-nuke demonstrators linked arms in 14-mile human chain
spanning three defense installations in rural England, including the
Greenham Common US Air Base.
1984 Apr 1, Stewart Brand and
Larry Brilliant launched the Well (Whole Earth ‘Lectronic Link) in
Sausalito. In La Jolla, Ca., Larry Brilliant, physician and head of
Network Technologies Int’l. in Michigan, pitched the idea for a
public computer conferencing system to Stewart Brand, publisher of
the Whole Earth Catalog. Their meeting led to the 1985 founding of
“The Well” online service that operated as a collection of
conferences. It used the PicoSpan conferencing software. In 2001
Katie Hafner authored “The Well: A Story of Love, Death and Real
Life in the Seminal Online Community.”
(Wired, 5/97, p.100)(SSFC, 5/27/01, DB p.69)
1984 Apr 1, Marvin P. Gay Sr.
(d.1998 at 84) shot and killed his son, Motown singer Marvin Gaye
during an argument in Los Angeles. It was one day before the
singer’s 45th birthday. Gaye’s hit songs included “I Heard It
Through the Grapevine,” “What’s Going On,” and “Let’s Get It On.”
Mr. Gay pleaded voluntary manslaughter and was sentenced to 5 years
(SFC, 10/27/98, p.B6)
1986 Apr 1, Crude oil prices
fell below $11 a barrel.
1987 Apr 1, In his first major
speech on the AIDS epidemic, President Reagan told doctors in
Philadelphia, "We've declared AIDS public health enemy number one."
Apr 1, Steve Newman became the first man to walk around the world.
1988 Apr 1, Independent US
counsel James C. McKay found insufficient evidence to warrant a
criminal indictment of Attorney General Edwin Meese III in
connection with the Iraq-Jordan pipeline plan or his investment in
telephone company stock.
1988 Apr 1, Jim Jordan (91),
old-time radio's "Fibber McGee," died in Beverly Hills, Calif.
1989 Apr 1, Alaska Gov. Steve
Cowper announced that a "strike force" of state officials and local
fishermen were taking over some of the cleanup operations following
the massive Exxon Valdez oil spill.
1989 Apr 1, In Canada the Oka
conflict began when some 200 Mohawks from the Kanesatake reserve
marched though the town of Oka protesting plans to expand the
village's nine-hole golf course to 18 holes, saying expansion
encroaches on their burial ground. A 78-day standoff began on July
11, 1990 and ended Sep 26, 1990. The Oka Crisis cost the Quebec
government an estimated $180 million not including the cost of the
1989 Apr 1, A Japanese 3%
consumption, or sales tax, took effect. It earned Sadanori Yamanaka
(d.2004) the nickname "Mr. Consumption Tax." In 1997 it rose to 5%.
Yamanaka led the ruling Liberal Democratic Party's tax commission
for eight years, beginning in 1979.
(AP, 2/20/04)(Econ, 6/23/12, p.43)
1990 Apr 1, The US Federal
Hourly Minimum Wage was set at $3.80 an hour.
1990 Apr 1, CBS fired
sportscaster Brent Musburger (b.1939).
1990 Apr 1, More Soviet
military vehicles rolled through the Lithuanian capital of Vilnius,
a day after Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev warned the Baltic
republic to annul its declaration of independence.
1991 Apr 1, Duke defeated the
University of Kansas 72-to-65 to win the NCAA college basketball
1991 Apr 1, The US Supreme
Court ruled, 7-to-2, that trial prosecutors violate the Constitution
if they bar prospective jurors for racial reasons—even when the
defendant and the excluded jurors are of different races.
1991 Apr 1, Martha Graham (96),
modern dance pioneer, died. Her 1st solo concert as a dancer and
choreographer was in 1926.
(AP, 4/1/01)(WSJ, 6/4/02, p.D7)
1991 Apr 1, Argentina
maintained a currency board regime this day through January 6, 2002,
under which the Argentine peso was pegged one for one to the U.S.
1991 Apr 1, Chilean Senator
Jaime Guzman was assassinated in Santiago. Sergio Galvarino
Apablaza, head of the left-wing Manuel Rodrizuez Patriotic Front,
was later accused of the murder and an arrest warrant was issued
2004. In 2005 an Argentine judge refuse to extradite Apablaza. In
2017 Mexican authorities arrested suspect Raul Escobar Poblete, an
alleged Chilean militant, wanted in connection with the death of
assassination of Guzman.
p.A11)(http://tinyurl.com/76olz)(Econ, 10/9/10, p.55)(SFC, 6/12/17,
1991 Apr 1, Iran released
British hostage Roger Cooper after 5 years.
1991 Apr 1, The Warsaw Pact was
1992 Apr 1,
President Bush pledged the United States would help finance a $24
billion international aid fund for the former Soviet Union.
1992 Apr 1, The House ethics
committee publicly identified 22 current and former lawmakers as the
worst offenders in the House bank overdraft controversy.
1992 Apr 1, Battleship USS
Missouri (on which, Japan surrendered) was decommissioned.
1992 Apr 1, NHL players began
the first strike in the 75-year history of the NHL.
1993 Apr 1, In an impassioned
plea for Russian aid, President Clinton told newspaper editors in
Annapolis, Md., that America should help "not out of charity" but as
a crucial investment in peace and prosperity.
1994 Apr 1, The US government
reported the nation's unemployment rate for March remained unchanged
from February, at 6.5 percent.
1994 Apr 1, Leon Degrelle
(b.1906), Belgium-born founder of the fascist Rexist party, died in
Malaga, Spain. He was a Walloon Belgian politician, who founded
Rexism and later joined the Nazi German Waffen SS (becoming a leader
of its Walloon contingent). After World War II, he was a prominent
figure in the neo-Nazi and Holocaust denial movements.
1994 Apr 1, In Guatemala Judge
Gonzalez Dubon was assassinated. He had recently signed an order to
extradite to the US former Army Lt. Col. Carlos Ochoa Ruiz on drug
(WSJ, 8/13/99, p.A11)
1995 Apr 1, Aaron, a
computer-driven robot began painting a new 25 sq. ft canvas on a
daily basis. It was designed and programmed by Harold Cohen, a San
Diego computer scientist. The event was scheduled to start in Boston
at 300 Congress St. and go to May 29.
(WSJ, 3/28/95, p.A-24)
1995 Apr 1, More than 1,500
mourners attended a vigil for Mexican-American singer Selena in
Corpus Christi, Texas, where she had been shot to death the day
1995 Apr 1, U.N. peacekeepers
officially took over from the U.S.-led multinational force in Haiti.
1995 Apr 1, In Spain infantry
brigadier Mariano de Juan Santamaria was shot in the head in the
northern city of San Sebastian. In 2014 ETA member Juan Ramon
Carasatorre Aldaz (52) was sentenced to 29 years for the killing.
Two others were already sentenced for taking part in the same crime.
1995 Apr 1, With U.S. Defense
Secretary William Perry looking on, Ukraine began the process of
dismantling its nuclear missiles.
1996 Apr 1, In a case that
sparked an uproar reminiscent of the Rodney King case, two Riverside
County, California, a news helicopter videotaped sheriff’s deputies
repeatedly clubbing a Mexican man and woman after a 70-mile highway
chase involving a pickup truck suspected of sneaking across the
(AP, 4/1/01)(WSJ, 4/3/96, p.A-1)
1996 Apr 1, The Mare Island
Naval Shipyard in Vallejo, Ca., was decommissioned.
(SFC, 3/10/08, p.A16)
1996 Apr 1, In Spokane, Wa., a
US Bank branch was robbed and bombed. In 1997 three members of an
anti-government militia were convicted for this and another robbery
and 3 bombings.
(SFC, 7/24/97, p.C3)
1996 Apr 1, The average price
for a home in the US was $141,000 in the first quarter of this year.
(SFC, 6/30/96, p.E3)
1996 Apr 1, FBI officials in
Jordan, Montana continued to guard a stronghold of Freemen, an
anti-government group that does not recognize the legitimacy of US
(WSJ, 4/1/96, p.A-12)
1996 Apr 1, Baseball umpire
John McSherry died after collapsing during a season opener between
the Cincinnati Reds and Montreal Expos.
1996 Apr 1, Muslim and Croat
officials signed an accord to jointly collect customs duties and
agreed on a flag.
(WSJ, 4/1/96, p.A-1)
1997 Apr 1, The US Library of
Congress began its Today in History web site @ http://www.loc.gov.
(SFEC, 7/20/97, Par p.8)
1997 Apr 1, Federal authorities
cautioned that thousands of schoolchildren across the nation might
have been exposed to the hepatitis A virus by eating frozen
strawberries imported from Mexico and processed in the U.S.
1997 Apr 1, In Russia Yeltsin
signed an agreement with Belarus for limited economic, military and
(WSJ, 4/1/97, p.A1)
1997 Apr 1, In Zaire Etienne
Tshisekedi was appointed prime minister. The next day he annulled
the constitution, dissolved parliament and offered 6 Cabinet seats
to the rebels. He planned a new transitional parliament and new
(SFC, 4/4/97, p.A16)
1998 Apr 1, Judge Susan Webber
threw out the sexual harassment suit filed by Paula Jones against
Pres. Clinton saying her claims of sexual harassment fell "far
short" of being worthy of trial. Clinton later settled with Jones
without apology or admission of guilt.
(SFC, 4/2/98, p.A1)(AP, 4/1/08)
1998 Apr 1, The Bolivian
Workers’ Confederation called an open-ended strike for wage
increases and an end to the coca eradication program. Violent
clashes over 4 days had left 3 dead and dozens injured in Chapare.
Pres. Hugo Banzer said his government would continue to wipe out
cocaine trafficking during his 5-year term.
(SFC, 4/798, p.A12)
1998 Apr 1, A boat enroute to
Gabon with 300 passengers sank in the Bight of Bonny off Nigeria’s
Akwa Ibom state. 280 were missing and feared dead.
(SFEC, 4/5/98, p.A23)
1998 Apr 1, In Brazil rains
extinguished more than 95% of the extensive fires in the northern
(WSJ, 4/2/98, p.A1)
1998 Apr 1, In China a new law
requiring motorists in Beijing to install pollution-reduction
devices went into effect.
(SFC, 3/31/98, p.B3)
1998 Apr 1, China agreed to
release and put into exile Wang Dan (b.1969), the noted dissident
and student leader of Tiananmen Square, for medical reasons.
1998 Apr 1, Israel accepted the
1978 UN Resolution 425 for withdrawal from the south of Lebanon.
(SFC, 4/2/98, p.A12)
1998 Apr 1, In Japan the 3-year
Big Bang process was begun to create more efficient investment
(SFC, 3/31/98, p.B1)
1998 Apr 1, In Russia Pres.
Yeltsin authorized the publication of classified documents relating
to Josef Stalin.
(SFC, 4/2/98, p.C2)
1998 Apr 1, In Serbia the local
currency was devalued 45%.
(WSJ, 4/2/98, p.A1)
1999 Apr 1, The United States
branded as an illegal abduction the capture of three U.S. Army
soldiers near the Macedonian-Yugoslav border; President Clinton
demanded their immediate release.
1999 Apr 1, A New Jersey man
was arrested and charged with originating the "Melissa" e-mail
virus. David L. Smith later pleaded guilty to various state and
1999 Apr 1, A heavy snowstorm
hit the US northern plains.
(SFC, 4/2/99, p.A3)
1999 Apr 1, In Kittrell, N.C.,
William Harvey Bawcum Jr., (46), was shot to death from a .38
caliber pistol by his 11-year-old twins, who also wounded their
mother and sister in a squabble over a hunting rifle. A trial was
avoided after the boys admitted to the shooting. The brothers were
sentenced to 6 years in a state reformatory.
(SFC, 4/7/99, p.A5)(SFC, 8/3/99, p.A3)(SFC,
1999 Apr 1, In Albania Pres.
Rexhep Meidani said NATO should help Kosovo seize independence.
(WSJ, 4/2/99, p.A9)
1999 Apr 1, An oil pipeline
from Baku, Azerbaijan, to the Georgian Black Sea port of Supsa was
to begin operating.
(SFC, 10/27/98, p.B5)
1999 Apr 1, Britain’s pay rate
for workers aged 22 or over was set at ₤3.60 per hour. Workers 18-21
had a lower rate set at ₤3.00. In 2006 the minimum wage rose to
₤5.35 an hour.
(Econ, 10/7/06, p.65)
1999 April 1, In recognition
of Inuit land claims, 770,000 sq. mls. of the Canadian Northwest
Territories' Central Keewatin and Baffin Region became Nunavut
Territory. Nominations for naming the western half were solicited.
The territory would be governed by a 19-member legislature.
(CAM, Nov. Dec. '95, p.28)(WSJ, 10/9/97,
p.B1)(SFC, 3/30/99, p.F3)(SFEC, 8/15/99, p.T5)
1999 Apr 1, In Mexico effective
on this day the midday break, siesta, for government was eliminated.
Electricity savings were estimated to be $192 million.
(SFC, 3/17/99, p.C2)
1999 Apr 1, In Montenegro
Yugoslav Gen'l. Radoslav Martinovic was recalled by Pres. Milosevic
and replaced by nationalist Gen'l. Milorad Obradovic. A coup was
feared to be imminent. The Yugoslav military demanded control of
Montenegro's state-run TV, but the demand was rejected.
(SFC, 4/2/99, p.A13)(WSJ, 4/5/99, p.A17)
1999 Apr 1, In Belfast,
Northern Ireland, Bertie Ahern and Tony Blair called for the rival
paramilitary groups to surrender their weapons on a new all-Ireland
holiday, a "day of reconciliation" devoted to peace.
(SFC, 4/2/99, p.D2)
1999 Apr 1, In Mexico Rene
Juarez was sworn into office as governor in Chilpancingo, Guerrero,
while thousands protested that he won by fraud.
(SFC, 4/2/99, p.D2)
1999 Apr 1, In Nigeria the NV
George, a wooden vessel, capsized on the St. Bartholomew River
several dozen people were presumed drowned. The death toll was
raised past 100 after 50 bodies were found in a sunken hull.
(SFC, 4/3/99, p.A4)(SFC, 4/8/99, p.C3)
1999 Apr 1, Serbia planned to
start criminal proceedings against the 3 US soldiers captured on the
Macedonian border. Allied planes bombed the Danube bridge at Novi
(SFC, 4/2/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/2/99, p.A1)
1999 Apr 1, Serbian radio and
TV reported that Pres. Milosevic met with Dr. Ibrahim Rugova, leader
of the ethnic Albanians in Kosovo, and "came to a joint stand on
resolving problems… through political means."
(SFC, 4/2/99, p.A1)
1999 Apr 1, In Zhytomyr,
Ukraine, Anatoly Onoprienko was sentenced to death for the deaths of
52 men, women and children between 1989 and 1996. 43 of the killings
occurred in a 6 month period.
2000 Apr 1, Michelle Kwan won
her third World Figure Skating title.
2000 Apr 1, President Clinton,
speaking at a fund-raiser for his wife’s Senate campaign, accused
New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani of enlisting a “right-wing venom
machine” against Hillary Rodham Clinton.
2000 Apr 1, Smith & Wesson,
a US gun maker, agreed to introduce a series of safety measures.
(SFEC, 4/2/00, p.A1)
2000 Apr 1, In Chechnya Russian
soldiers found 33 of their missing comrades. 32 were dead and
booby-trapped from the Mar 30 rebel attack.
(SFEC, 4/2/00, p.A20)
2000 Apr 1, In Nanjing, China,
4 unemployed youths broke into the home of Jurgen Hermann Pfrang
(50), an executive for DaimlerChrysler, and stabbed him to death
along with his wife and 2 children. The 4 were found guilty of
murder and robbery on 7/14/00 and sentenced to death.
(SFC, 7/15/00, p.A13)
2000 Apr 1, In Colombia leftist
rebels stormed the Modelo jail in Cucuta and freed 74 prisoners.
(SFC, 4/3/00, p.A9)
2001 Apr 1, The Pritzker Prize
for Architecture was awarded to Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Mueron
of Basel, Switzerland.
(SFC, 4/2/01, p.D1)
2001 Apr 1, Notre Dame won its
first national championship in women's basketball, defeating Purdue,
2001 Apr 1, A US Navy EP-3
surveillance plane with 24 aboard collided with a Chinese fighter
jet over the South China Sea and was forced to land on China's
Hainan island. The fighter jet crashed. Chinese pilot Wang Wei
parachuted out of his F-8 jet but had not been found. Zhao Yu, a 2nd
pilot, later blamed the US plane banked and hit Wei’s plane. None of
the 24 crew members was hurt, but they were held prisoner by the
Chinese for a tense 11 days.
(SFC, 4/2/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/2/01, p.A1)(SFC,
4/4/01, p.A13)(SFC, 4/7/01, p.A13)(AP, 4/1/02)
2001 Apr 1, In Columbia weekend
fighting between leftist rebels and right-wing paramilitary groups
left at least 35 people dead.
(WSJ, 4/3/01, p.A1)
2001 Apr 1, In Kenya a bus
rammed a vehicle on a bridge and both plunged into the Sabaki River.
At least 35 people were killed.
(SFC, 4/14/01, p.A10)
2001 Apr 1, In Serbia Former
Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic was arrested on corruption
charges after a 26-hour armed standoff with the police at his
(SSFC, 4/1/01, p.A1)(AP, 4/1/02)
2001 cApr 1, In Sri Lanka
bombings at a concert set off a stampede that left 11 dead and 150
injured at Kurunegala.
(WSJ, 4/2/01, p.A1)
2002 Apr 1, Maryland won its
first NCAA men's basketball championship with a 64-52 victory over
(SFC, 4/2/02, p.C1)(AP, 4/1/03)
2002 Apr 1, Pres. Bush said he
would sell Governor’s Island in NY Harbor to NY state and NYC for a
(SFC, 4/2/02, p.A3)
2002 Apr 1, The US National
Archives opened the 1930 census records.
(SFC, 4/1/02, p.A3)
2002 Apr 1, A SF Court of
Appeals ordered the US government to pay out millions of dollars in
retroactive disability benefits to Vietnam veterans with prostate
cancer, who were exposed to Agent Orange.
(SFC, 4/2/02, p.A1)
2002 Apr 1, The 1897 Michigan
law against swearing in front of women and children was declared
(SFC, 4/2/02, p.A3)
2002 Apr 1, The American Rivers
environmental group listed the most endangered US rivers and
included the Missouri, Big Sunflower (Mississippi), and Klamath
(California) in the top 11.
(SFC, 4/2/02, p.A3)
2002 Apr 1, In Algeria Islamic
militants killed 21 government soldiers in Moulay Larbi, 280 miles
SW of the capital.
(SFC, 4/3/02, p.A7)
2002 Apr 1, Israeli forces
expanded their hunt for militants and terrorists to included ranking
officials of Arafat’s Palestinian Authority. Israeli tanks and
bulldozers rumbled into more Palestinian towns and massed on the
edge of Bethlehem in an expansion of a West Bank offensive. A sniper
killed an Israeli in Har Homa. A bomber blew up in his car in West
Jerusalem and killed the Israeli police officer who stopped him.
(SFC, 4/2/02, p.A1)(AP, 4/1/07)
2002 Apr 1, In the Netherlands
the "Termination of Life on Request and Assisted Suicide (Review
Procedures) Act" entered into force.
2002 Apr 1, The body of Russian
journalist Sergei Kalinovsky was found outside Smolensk. He was
known for his exposes on government corruption and had gone missing
in December, 2001.
(SSFC, 5/12/02, p.A3)
2003 Apr 1, In the 14th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom American soldiers on the road to Baghdad
fought bloody street-to-street battles with militants loyal to
Saddam Hussein. The US opened the assault on Karbala. US cluster
bombs reportedly killed 11 civilians in Hilla.
(AP, 4/1/03)(WSJ, 4/2/03, p.A1)(SFC, 4/3/03,
2003 Apr 1, Pfc. Jessica Lynch
(19), part of the 507th Maintenance Company captured on Mar 23, was
rescued in a U.S. commando raid on an Iraqi hospital in Nasiriyah.
11 bodies were also recovered and 8 were identified as US personnel.
It was later reported that Iraqi troops had already left the
hospital. Later in the year Rick Bragg authored "I Am A Soldier,
Too," an account of the Lynch story. About the same time Mohammed
Odeh al-Rehaief and Jeff Coplon authored "Because Each Life Is
Precious." Rehaief, a former Iraqi lawyer, disclosed Lynch's
location to US forces and provided detailed information prior to her
(AP, 4/2/03)(SFC, 5/29/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 11/14/03,
2003 Apr 1, In the second
hijacking of a Cuban plane in as many weeks, a hijacker claiming to
have two grenades surrendered an hour after forcing the aircraft to
land in Florida with 32 people aboard. Adermis Wilson Gonzalez was
convicted of air piracy and sentenced to 20 years in prison.
(AP, 4/2/03)(AP, 3/24/14)
2003 Apr 1, A cloned Javan
banteng was born by a beef cow in Iowa. Only 3-5,000 cattle-like
bantengs remained worldwide.
(SFC, 4/8/03, p.A3)
2003 Apr 1, Air Canada filed
for bankruptcy protection.
(WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R9)
2003 Apr 1, Congo's government
agreed to a power-sharing deal with rebel groups.
2003 Apr 1, Seven EU nations,
Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Austria, Finland, Ireland, Portugal and
Belgium, said they oppose a proposal by larger countries for a new
permanent European Union presidency.
2003 Apr 1, In Hong Kong Leslie
Cheung, Chinese pop singer and movie star, jumped to his death at
the Mandarin Oriental Hotel.
(NW, 3/17/03, p.58)
2003 Apr 1, In India members of
the Hmar Peoples Convention attacked a cluster of villages in
southern Assam state's Cachar district, burning huts and took 28
villagers as hostages. 22 farmers were later found shot dead.
2003 Apr 1, In Jordan
authorities said they had foiled two recent Iraqi terror plots,
including one by Iraqi diplomats allegedly planning to contaminate
water supplies to Jordanian and US troops on Jordan's desert border
2003 Apr 1, In Nigeria the
12-day rampage by Ijaw extremists has cut the normal oil output of 2
million barrels a day by 40 percent. Nigeria is the fifth-biggest
supplier of US oil imports.
2004 Apr 1, Pres. Bush signed
the "Laci Peterson" bill giving new protections for the unborn that
for the first time made it a separate federal crime to harm a fetus
during an assault on the mother.
(WSJ, 4/2/04, p.A1)(AP, 4/1/05)
2004 Apr 1, The DJIA removed
AT&T, Kodak and Int'l. Paper and added American Int'l. Group,
Pfizer and Verizon Comm.
(WSJ, 4/2/04, p.C1)
2004 Apr 1, Scientists reported
that the genetic code of the common laboratory rat has been
(SFC, 4/1/04, p.A4)
2004 Apr 1, Google introduce
Gmail, a Web based e-mail service with one gigabyte of free storage
per user. In 2007 the storage was expanded to “free unlimited.”
Google’s index passed 8 billion pages this year.
(WSJ, 6/13/07, p.B1)(SFC, 2/2/08, p.C1)
2004 Apr 1, Paul Atkinson (58),
guitarist in the British group Zombies, died in LA. The group's
songs included "She's Not There" (1964).
(SFC, 4/7/04, p.B6)
2004 Apr 1, Carrie Snodgress
(57), actress, died in Los Angeles.
2004 Apr 1, Afghanistan and its
neighbors agreed to cooperate in stemming the country's drug exports
after donors pledged $8.2 billion in new reconstruction aid.
2004 Apr 1, In Canada the
largest strike in Newfoundland history began as thousands of upbeat
workers took to picket lines while the premier said he has no plans
to end the walkout with legislation.
2004 Apr 1, A Colombian man,
Carlos Gamarra-Murillo (53), was arrested for allegedly trying to
buy $4 million in machine guns, grenade launchers and other weapons
for a leftist rebel group. The suspect wanted to pay in cocaine and
2004 Apr 1, In Colombia gunmen
riding a motorcycle killed Carlos Bernal, a regional leader of
Colombia's main left-leaning political party.
2004 Apr 1, Pres. Oscar Berger
said Guatemala will cut its army in half and slash the military
budget to comply with peace accords that ended a 36-year civil war.
2004 Apr 1, India began
distributing AIDS drugs to 100,000 people. An estimated 4.6 million
(SFC, 4/2/04, p.A15)
2004 Apr 1, In Iraq insurgents
attacked a U.S. military convoy and a Humvee was burned near
Fallujah, a day after the grisly killing and mutilation of four
American contract workers in the city.
2004 Apr 1, A gas explosion
ripped through a refinery in Iraq while it was being inspected by
Czech engineers, killing one and injuring two others.
2004 Apr 1, Italy, Turkey,
Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands arrested 41 militants in a
coordinated crackdown on a Turkish Marxist group. Police in Istanbul
arrested 25 suspects of the Marxist Revolutionary People's
Liberation Army/Front, or DHKP-C, while security forces in the other
countries detained 16 others.
2004 Apr 1, In Uzbekistan a
woman blew herself up in the central Bukhara region, killing a man
and critically injuring herself.
2005 Apr 1, President Clinton's
former national security adviser, Sandy Berger, pleaded guilty to
sneaking classified documents out of the National Archives; he was
later sentenced to two years' probation.
2005 Apr 1, Oil prices closed
on Nymex at a record $57.27 per barrel sending the DJIA down 99
points to 10,404.
(SFC, 4/2/05, p.A1)
2005 Apr 1, It was reported
that scientific evidence from Brookhaven National Laboratory
indicated the creation of a quark-gluon plasma, a form of matter
that last existed moments after the big bang.
(WSJ, 4/1/05, p.B1)
2005 Apr 1, Suspected Taliban
gunmen ambushed a convoy of civilian trucks carrying vehicles to the
US military in southern Afghanistan, killing three drivers. A bomb
planted on a tractor trolley killed two people and injured five in
the northern city of Mazar-i-Sharif while a roadside bomb blast in
southern Kandahar province killed two teenagers.
2005 Apr 1, Australia and NATO
signed an agreement to cooperate in the fight against international
terrorism, weapons proliferation and other global military threats.
2005 Apr 1, UN officials said a
cholera epidemic has killed at least 4 and infected dozens in a
squalid camp for displaced people in northeastern Congo, and it
threatens to spread across the entire region.
2005 Apr 1, Influential Sunni
scholars encouraged Iraqis to join the country's security forces and
protect the country, issuing an edict that departed sharply from
earlier warnings against participating in the fledgling police and
2005 Apr 1, Nepal's royal
government freed a popular former prime minister and 258 other
detainees, the biggest prisoner release since King Gyanendra seized
full power 2 months ago.
2005 Apr 1, In Pakistan
motorcycle-riding gunmen shot dead a Shiite scholar and injured two
people including his daughter in a suspected sectarian attack in
2005 Apr 1, Saudi Arabia’s
Tadawul All-Share Index reached a record 10853, up 28% for the year
(WSJ, 4/4/05, p.C18)
2005 Apr 1, Saudi Arabia
beheaded 3 men in public in the northern city of al-Jawf where in
2003 they killed a deputy governor, a religious court judge and a
2005 Apr 1, The Vatican
reported that Pope John Paul II was near death, his breathing
shallow and his heart and kidneys failing.
2005 Apr 1, Zimbabwe opposition
leader Morgan Tsvangirai dismissed the previous day's elections as
"massive fraud" and accused President Robert Mugabe of treating his
country like "his private property."
2006 Apr 1, Former hostage Jill
Carroll arrived in Germany, where she strongly disavowed statements
she had made during captivity in Iraq and shortly after her release,
saying she had been repeatedly threatened.
2006 Apr 1, In eastern
Afghanistan a roadside bomb wounded five US troops when it hit their
vehicle. A suicide attack on a US-led coalition convoy in the
country's south killed the bomber but hurt no one else. In southern
Afghanistan a Taliban rebel posing as a traveler shot dead four
policemen at a remote checkpoint after eating dinner with them and
sleeping in their quarters. A fifth officer shot the rebel dead.
(AP, 4/1/06)(AP, 4/2/06)
2006 Apr 1, Cracking down on
visitors who come to Brazil for sex, police raided clubs in Natal
known for using call girls and strippers, detaining 118 foreigners
to discourage what authorities called "sexual tourism."
2006 Apr 1, Chinese Premier Wen
Jiabao arrived in Australia for a visit aimed at finalizing a
uranium supply deal and speeding up free trade negotiations between
the two nations.
2006 Apr 1, In eastern China a
blast at an explosives plant killed at least 20 workers and injured
two. Nine workers were missing.
2006 Apr 1, Calls emerged
within the Shiite alliance Saturday for PM Ibrahim al-Jaafari to
step aside as the bloc's nominee for another term as pressure
mounted against him from Sunni Arab and Kurdish politicians.
2006 Apr 1, A US Apache
helicopter crashed southwest of Baghdad. It was believed to have
been shot down and the two crew members were presumed dead. Iraqi
police reported that at least 39 bodies were found in several
neighborhoods of Baghdad. Joint US-Iraqi troops killed four
insurgents and wounded another after two failed attacks near Balad,
50 miles north of Baghdad. Two American soldiers were killed by a
roadside bomb while on patrol in central Baghdad.
2006 Apr 1, In northwestern
Pakistan suspected Islamic militants attacked a military base in a
tribal region, killing one soldier and injuring four others.
2006 Apr 1, A Soyuz capsule
docked with the international space station (ISS), bringing Brazil's
first astronaut, a new Russian-American crew and a fresh load of
supplies, equipment and experiments.
2006 Apr 1, Three explorers
from Britain and New Zealand claimed to be the first to have
traveled the Nile from its mouth to its "true source" deep in
Rwanda's lush Nyungwe rainforest.
2006 Apr 1, Karl Bushby was
briefly detained after walking from Alaska across the icy Bering
Straits into Russian territory, a treacherous crossing for which he
was joined by Dmitri Kieffer, a French-born US citizen who
videotaped the adventure. Authorities confiscated the two men's
passports and other belongings, effectively making it impossible for
them to move. Bushby was on a quest to trek around the world. Bushby
set out on foot from southern Chile on November 1, 1998 with the
intention of walking back to his home in the northern English city
of Hull, a 36,000-mile (58,000-kilometer) odyssey that he was
scheduled to complete by 2010. On April 14 a Russian court ordered
the deportation of the British adventurer for illegally crossing
into Russia, dealing a potentially fatal blow to his dream of
walking around the world.
(AFP, 4/6/06)(AFP, 4/14/06)
2006 Apr 1, Tens of thousands
of people gathered at a rally in the northern city of Bilbao to call
for greater Basque self-determination and negotiations between the
Spanish government and separatists.
2006 Apr 1, Fresh clashes
between Kurdish protesters and police in southeast Turkey killed one
protester and injured 10.
2007 Apr 1, Tommy Thompson,
former Wisconsin governor (GOP), announced that he is running for
(SFC, 4/2/07, p.A4)
2007 Apr 1, Brooklyn's borough
president launched the Coney Island amusement park's last season
ahead of a major redevelopment that will raze much of the lovably
seedy boardwalk area.
2007 Apr 1, Morgan Pressel
became the youngest major champion in LPGA Tour history with a game
well beyond her 18 years, closing with a 3-under-par 69 at the Kraft
2007 Apr 1, In Charlotte, North
Carolina, 2 police officers shot during a struggle with a suspect
outside an apartment complex died, and a suspect was charged with
2007 Apr 1, In southern
Afghanistan the Taliban executed three men accused of spying for
NATO and government forces. A NATO airstrike targeted a compound
housing Taliban militants in Shahjoy district of Zabul province,
killing seven suspected militants inside. NATO-led troops and police
clashed with suspected Taliban militants in Kandahar's Zhari
district, leaving six militants dead. In eastern Afghanistan flash
floods caused by torrential rains killed at least 16 people and
destroyed dozens of houses near the Hindu Kush mountain range.
(AP, 4/1/07)(AFP, 4/1/07)(AP, 4/2/07)
2007 Apr 1, Cambodia held local
commune elections. The Cambodian People’s Party won control in 1,592
of 1,621 communes amid opposition claims of fraud.
(Econ, 4/7/07, p.38)
2007 Apr 1, In Canada Nelly
Furtado stole the show at the Junos, playing the roles of both host
and big winner at the 2007 edition of the nation's top music awards.
2007 Apr 1, A knife-wielding
Chinese tour guide injured 20 people in a stabbing-and-slashing
spree at a southwestern resort following an argument over kickbacks
on souvenir sales. Xu Mingchao (25) from the province of
Heilongjiang, was arrested following the incident.
2007 Apr 1, Danish researchers
reported that they have isolated bacterial enzymes that effectively
remove sugar molecules from red blood cells that provoke an immune
reactions. This would allow conversion of the A, B, and AB blood
types into Type O, the universal donor type that can be given to
(SFC, 4/2/07, p.A2)
2007 Apr 1, Hans Filbinger
(93), a former governor of Germany's Baden-Wuerttemberg state
(1966-1978), died. He had resigned amid revelations about his past
as a Nazi-era naval judge.
2007 Apr 1, Laurie Baker (90),
a British-born architect, died in India. He spent more than 60 years
in India building homes that were ecologically sound and affordable
for the poor.
2007 Apr 1, In Iran about 200
students threw rocks and firecrackers at the British Embassy,
calling for the expulsion of the country's ambassador because of the
standoff over Iran's capture of 15 British sailors and marines.
Britain examined options for new dialogue with Tehran over the
seized crew of 15 sailors and marines, as a poll suggested most
Britons back the government's goal of resolving the standoff through
diplomacy. Iran's state television aired new video showing two of
the 15 captured British sailors pointing to a spot on a map of the
Persian Gulf where they were seized and saying it was in Iranian
territorial waters; Britain's Foreign Office immediately denounced
(AP, 4/1/07)(AP, 4/1/08)
2007 Apr 1, An Iraqi military
spokesman said that militants fleeing a security crackdown in
Baghdad have made areas outside the capital "breeding grounds for
violence," spreading deadly bombings and sectarian attacks to areas
once relatively untouched. A bomb struck a popular market in Tuz
Khormato, 130 miles north of Baghdad, killing three people and
wounding four. More than 600 Iraqis were killed in sectarian
violence last week alone. 6 US soldiers were killed in roadside
bombings over the weekend southwest of Baghdad.
(AP, 4/1/07)(AP, 4/2/07)
2007 Apr 1, Israeli PM Ehud
Olmert invited Arab leaders to attend a peace conference to discuss
their ideas for reaching Mideast peace. The Israeli army sealed off
the West Bank ahead of the weeklong Passover holiday, restricting
the movement of Palestinians into Israel. In her first Mideast trip
as EU president, German Chancellor Angela Merkel offered Europe's
help in bringing Israel and the Palestinians back to the negotiating
table, trying to build on a new burst of international efforts to
restart peace talks.
(AP, 4/1/07)(AP, 4/2/07)
2007 Apr 1, In Monterrey,
Mexico, a tractor-trailer lost its brakes and killed nine people as
it plowed through a residential area. The driver of a
tractor-trailer was charged with homicide after testing positive for
(AP, 4/2/07)(AP, 4/4/07)
2007 Apr 1, Nepal's communist
rebels joined an interim government as part of a landmark peace deal
that ended their decade-long insurgency, pledging to ensure
development in the Himalayan nation and hold credible elections.
2007 Apr 1, Palestinian
journalists announced a three-day strike in protest at what they
called their government's inadequate response to the suspected
kidnap of a British journalist.
2007 Apr 1, Mogadishu's
dominant clan said it has brokered a truce with Ethiopian military
officials who are supporting Somalia's government, even as mortar
shells continued slamming into the capital for a fourth day.
2007 Apr 1, In South Korea taxi
driver Huh Se-uk (53) drove through heavy security into the driveway
of a Seoul hotel where trade talks with the US were taking place. He
sprayed himself with flammable fluid and lit a fire, suffering
third-degree burns. Se-uk died from his wounds on April 15.
2007 Apr 1, In Sri Lanka 12
Tamil Tigers were killed in clashes in the northwestern district of
2007 Apr 1, Unidentified gunmen
killed five African Union soldiers guarding a "water point" near the
Sudan’s border with Chad in the deadliest attack on the peacekeepers
since their deployment in 2004. The attackers fled the scene after
AU troops killed three of them in an exchange of fire.
2007 Apr 1, In Syria US House
members meeting with President Bashar Assad said they believed there
was an opportunity for dialogue.
2008 Apr 1, A top US
immigration official said Washington has started deportation
proceedings against thousands of Vietnamese living illegally in the
US under a pact between the two countries.
2008 Apr 1, The US EPA took
over cleanup of an oil spill in Santa Barbara, Ca., after failed
efforts by Greka Oil & Gas to clean up a spill. 2 spills since
last summer had left some 29,000 gallons of crude oil and
toxin-laden water in a creek in Los Olivos.
(SFC, 4/2/08, p.B6)
2008 Apr 1, Virginia’s Gov.
Timothy Kaine ordered a moratorium on executions until the US
Supreme Court decides whether lethal injections are constitutional.
(SFC, 4/3/08, p.A6)
2008 Apr 1, A California state
Senate committee declined to act on a bill by Senator Leland Yee to
declare the Cow Palace in Daly City to be surplus property.
(SFC, 4/2/08, p.A1)
2008 Apr 1, In southwestern
Afghanistan a suicide bomber hit a police compound, killing two
officers and wounding five others in Nimroz province. A mine struck
a civilian vehicle in southwestern Nimroz province, killing the
driver and wounding two civilians.
2008 Apr 1, Argentina’s
President Cristina Fernandez blasted striking farmers at a rally of
20,000 supporters, comparing their nearly three-week-old protest to
a 1976 strike that sowed chaos one month before a military coup.
2008 Apr 1, An Australian court
charged a Vietnam Airlines pilot with smuggling millions of dollars
in drug profits out of the country. Quoc Viet Lai (58,) faced 40
counts of money laundering after allegedly taking 3.7 million
dollars (3.4 million US) out of Australia between June 2005 and June
2008 Apr 1, In Bangladesh an
official said Tareque Rahman, the son of detained former Bangladesh
premier Khaleda Zia, has been formally charged with corruption as
part of the military-backed government's anti-graft drive.
2008 Apr 1, Bolivian officials
said Tristan Jay Amero (26), a California man convicted of hotel
bombings that killed two people in Bolivia's capital, had died in
prison. He was serving a 30-year sentence.
2008 Apr 1, In Botswana Seretse
Ian Khama (b.1953), the half-white son of Botswana’s first
president, was sworn in as president. Festus Mogae retired after 10
years in office.
2008 Apr 1, In Brazil Juan
Carlos Ramirez Abadia, a reputed Colombian drug lord whose cartel is
accused of having shipped hundreds of tons of cocaine, was sentenced
to more than 30 years in prison in Brazil for crimes committed in
2008 Apr 1, In Brazil
protesters burned a bridge after police arrested Paulo Cesar
Quartiero, president of Roraima rice growers association, for
blocking a federal highway. Quartiero was later released on bail. A
second bridge was set alight the next day. Police planned to begin
clearing the remaining non-Indian settlers from the 4.2-million-acre
Raposa Serra do Sol Indian reservation next week.
2008 Apr 1, Britain’s border
agency (UKBA) was formed following the dismemberment 2007 of the
2008 Apr 1, In France the
stockmarket watchdog Autorite des Marches Financiers (AMF) filed a
formal complaint against the European Aeronautic Defense and Space
Company, the parent company of Airbus, and more than a dozen current
and former executives. It confirmed evidence of massive insider
trading in shares of EADS in late 2005 and early 2006 in the
knowledge that the A380 airbus program was in deep trouble.
(Econ, 6/21/08, p.80)(http://tinyurl.com/3kd8vh)
2008 Apr 1, Hungary’s coalition
partner pulled out of the government leaving the Socialists without
a parliamentary majority.
(WSJ, 4/2/08, p.A1)
2008 Apr 1, India scrapped
import duties on cooking oils and maize and extended a ban on pulse
exports, escalating its fight against surging inflation driven by
rises in global commodity prices.
2008 Apr 1, Iraq’s PM Nouri
al-Maliki said in a statement that his office will recruit 10,000
more police and army forces and will move to enhance public services
Basra. His comments came after a peace deal between radical Shiite
cleric Muqtada al-Sadr and the Iraqi government brought a tense calm
following a week of clashes. Interior Ministry spokesman, Maj. Gen.
Abdul-Karim Khalaf, said that 200 people had been killed, 600
wounded and 170 suspects detained during operations in Basra.
Britain froze plans to withdraw about 1,500 soldiers from its
4,000-strong military force this spring and hand over more security
responsibility to the Iraqis.
(AP, 4/1/08)(AP, 4/2/08)
2008 Apr 1, In Kenya police
tear gassed about 100 protesters who demonstrated in Nairobi against
plans to increase the number of Cabinet posts.
2008 Apr 1, A woman's severed
head was found on a Scottish beach. She was later identified as
Jolanta Bledaite (35) from Alytus, Lithuania. On April 4 police
arrested two Lithuanian men in connection with the murder.
2008 Apr 1, Strong fighting
broke out in northern Sri Lanka as government troops launched a
fresh offensive against Tiger rebels. The heavy fighting left 42
rebels and a soldier dead.
(AP, 4/1/08)(AP, 4/2/08)
2008 Apr 1, In Switzerland UBS
AG's chairman abruptly resigned as the Swiss bank reported a
first-quarter loss of $12.1 billion and said it would seek $15.1
billion in new capital.
2008 Apr 1, Poor countries at a
UN conference in Thailand said they won't sign a global warming pact
unless industrialized nations guarantee them billions of dollars
needed to adapt to the impact of climate change.
2008 Apr 1, In Ukraine
President Bush said he is putting his full weight behind the desire
by Ukraine and Georgia to join NATO even though Russia is opposed
and the alliance is split.
2008 Apr 1, Tanks took to the
streets of southern Yemen cities to discourage rioting by
disaffected youths and retired military officers over unfulfilled
government promises to enlist them in the army.
2008 Apr 1, In Zimbabwe an
independent African monitor said top members of President Robert
Mugabe's party worried the government may have lost weekend
elections, even as a tediously slow release of results fueled fears
of rigging. A ruling party projection said opposition leader Morgan
Tsvangirai will beat President Robert Mugabe in Zimbabwe's crucial
election, but be forced into a runoff vote in three weeks.
(AP, 4/1/08)(Reuters, 4/1/08)
2009 Apr 1, Top spokesman
Zabihullah Mujahid said Taliban insurgents reject a US offer of
"honorable reconciliation," calling it a "lunatic idea" and saying
the only way to end the war was to withdraw foreign troops. Suicide
attackers stormed provincial council offices in Kandahar city,
killing 13 people including 2 provincial officials. The attackers,
who wore Afghan military uniforms, were also killed, two in suicide
bombings and two shot dead by security forces. Afghan and US
coalition troops battled a large group of militants in southern
Afghanistan before calling in an airstrike that killed 20
(Reuters, 4/1/09)(AFP, 4/1/09)(AP, 4/2/09)
2009 Apr 1, Albania and Croatia
became NATO’s newest members.
(SFC, 4/2/09, p.A2)
2009 Apr 1, In London
Presidents Dmitry Medvedev and Barack Obama said Russia and the
United States will pursue a new deal to cut nuclear warheads, making
good on a pledge to rebuild relations from a post-Cold War low. The
US and China agreed to establish a "strategic and economic dialogue"
group that would first meet in Washington later this year.
2009 Apr 1, G20 protesters
clashed with riot police in downtown London, breaking into the
heavily guarded Royal Bank of Scotland and smashing its windows.
Earlier, they tried to storm the Bank of England and pelted police
with eggs and fruit. Ian Tomlinson (47) was filmed being hit by an
officer with a baton shortly before collapsing in the City of London
financial district. He had not been taking part in the protests and
died of a hemorrhage. In 2012 Dr Freddy Patel was found guilty of
misconduct by the Medical Practitioners Tribunal Service (MPTS) in
relation to his handling of the examination of Ian Tomlinson's body.
The pathologist had concluded that Tomlinson died from a heart
(AP, 4/1/09)(AFP, 4/17/09)(AFP, 8/23/12)
2009 Apr 1, A helicopter
returning to Aberdeen with 16 people from an oil platform crashed in
the North Sea. The Bond Super Puma helicopter went down off the
northeast coast of Scotland. 8 bodies were recovered and the others
were presumed dead. 7 bodies were later found inside the wreckage of
(AFP, 4/1/09)(AP, 4/2/09)(AP, 4/5/09)
2009 Apr 1, Honduras Pres.
Manuel Zelaya's government announced a series of measures to crack
down on crime, including allowing the state telephone company to
obtain court orders to record cellular phone conversations and read
e-mails sent from computers at Internet cafes or hotels.
2009 Apr 1, Avigdor Lieberman,
Israel’s new foreign minister, said Israel will not abide by
commitments made to pursue Palestinian statehood at the 2007
Annapolis Peace Summit.
(WSJ, 4/2/09, p.A1)
2009 Apr 1, In Malaysia Mas
Selamat Kastari, an Islamic militant suspected of plotting a Sept.
11-style air attack, was arrested in Johor state, more than a year
after his dramatic escape from a high-security jail in Singapore. He
was arrested by Malaysian authorities with the cooperation of
Singaporean and Indonesian intelligence agencies.
2009 Apr 1, Mexico detained
Vicente Carrillo Leyva (32), one of its most wanted drug suspects.
He allegedly was the second in command of the powerful Juarez
cartel. Leyva is the son of drug kingpin Amado Carrillo Fuentes, who
was one of Mexico's most important drug traffickers before he died
during plastic surgery to change his appearance in 1997.
2009 Apr 1, In Pakistan a
suspected US drone fired two missiles at an alleged hide-out
connected to a Taliban leader who has threatened to attack
Washington, killing 14 people and wounding several others in a
remote area of the Orakzai tribal region. Militants fired rockets
and guns at a police van, killing five officers and wounding two in
Upper Dir, on the Afghan border.
(AP, 4/1/09)(SFC, 4/2/09, p.A2)
2009 Apr 1, Puerto Rican actor
Miguelangel Suarez (69) died. His career included minor roles in
last year's epic "Che" and Woody Allen's "Bananas."
2009 Apr 1, A tourist yacht and
its crew of seven was hijacked by Somali pirates near the Seychelles
islands off Africa's east coast.
2009 Apr 1, Sri Lanka’s
government said more than 23,000 civilians escaped last month from
the northern war zone, where the military appeared close to crushing
the separatist rebels.
2009 Apr 1, Sudanese President
Omar Hassan al-Bashir arrived in Saudi Arabia for a brief
pilgrimage, his latest trip abroad in defiance of an international
arrest warrant against him.
2009 Apr 1, Sweden’s Parliament
adopted a new law giving same sex couples the same marriage rights
as heterosexuals, becoming the 5th European country to allow gay
(SFC, 4/2/09, p.A2)
2009 Apr 1, In Sweden a new law
cracking down on online copyright violation went into force leading
to a sharp drop in internet traffic.
2009 Apr 1, In Thailand
thousands of demonstrators defied a court order to clear a road they
have blocked to the prime minister's office, vowing to continue
ringing the compound until the government resigns.
2010 Apr 1, US President Barack
Obama called on Chinese President Hu Jintao to join forces on the
Iranian nuclear standoff as he stepped up efforts to block Tehran's
2010 Apr 1, The US national
board for ACORN, the Association of Community Organizations for
Reform Now, closed its California state affiliate field offices. The
group, formed in 1970, was under pressure due to videotapes in 2009
of ACORN allegedly assisting a proposed prostitution ring. In 2013
the makers of the secretly filmed video agreed to pay $100,000 to
settle a lawsuit with Juan Carlos Vera, who said he was just trying
to get information from James O’Keefe and Hannah Giles, the makers
of the video.
p.c2)(SFC, 2/9/13, p.A5)
2010 Apr 1, In Fremont, Ca.,
the New United Motor Manufacturing Inc. plant (NUMMI) produced its
last Toyota Corolla after 25 years of operations building cars the
(SFC, 4/2/10, p.A1)
2010 Apr 1, Massachusetts
regulators issued their first batch of health care price controls,
rejecting the vast majority of small business health premium
increases sought this year by the state's major insurers. Insurers
said caps on their charges are justified only if there are similar
caps on the costs that health care providers, such as doctors and
hospital networks, charge them. That is the subject of pending
2010 Apr 1, A US federal judge
struck down a Wisconsin law that prohibits transgender inmates from
receiving taxpayer funded hormone therapy to alter their appearance.
(SFC, 4/2/10, p.A7)
2010 Apr 1, John Forsythe
(b.1918), TV and movie actor, died at his home in Santa Ynez, Ca.
His films included “The Trouble with Harry” (1955) and “Topaz”
(1969). His TV roles included “Bachelor Father” (1957-1962),
“Charlie’s Angels (1976-1981), and “Dynasty” (1981-1989).
(SFC, 4/3/10, p.C2)
2010 Apr 1, Dr. Henry Edward
Roberts (b.1941), American engineer and medical doctor, died in
Georgia. In 1975 he developed and introduced the MITS Altair 8800.
His Micro Instrumentation & Telemetry Systems of Albuquerque,
N.M., sold the build-it-yourself kit by mail-order and Bill Gates
and Paul Allen developed the first software program for it.
2010 Apr 1, Afghan President
Hamid Karzai accused foreign powers of orchestrating enormous fraud
in elections that returned him to power last year. Kosuke Tsuneoka,
a Japanese freelance journalist and veteran of war zones, went
missing after traveling to a Taliban controlled area in the north.
Tsuneoka was released on Sep 4 in good health and was at the
Japanese Embassy in Kabul.
(AFP, 4/2/10)(AP, 9/5/10)
2010 Apr 1, In Brazil Pedro
Alcantara de Souza, who headed a union of landless farmers in Para,
was shot in the head five times by two men on motorcycles on the
outskirts of Redencao.
2010 Apr 1, Britain said it
will create the world's largest marine reserve by banning fishing
around the Chagos Islands, a U.K.-owned archipelago in the Indian
Ocean. The cluster of 55 islands is spread across about a quarter of
a million square miles of ocean.
2010 Apr 1, Colombia's largest
rebel group, FARC, turned over the remains of police Maj. Julian
Guevara, who died while being held captive. This was the guerrillas'
latest gesture aimed at prodding the government into negotiating a
prisoner exchange. Guevara was captured by the FARC in November 1998
and he died in January 2006 while still a prisoner.
2010 Apr 1, In Cuba some small
state-run barber shops and beauty salons were turned over to
employees on a trial basis, a significant step toward loosening
strict controls on the state-run retail sector.
(SFC, 4/14/10, p.A2)
2010 Apr 1, An explosion near
Dagestan's border with Chechnya killed two suspected militants.
2010 Apr 1, Former Greek PM
Tzannis Tzannetakis (b.1927) died. He led a short-lived coalition
government in 1989 while the country was rocked by corruption
scandals and political turmoil. His former career in the Greek navy
ended abruptly when he resigned from the military in opposition to a
1967-74 dictatorship led by a group of ultra-right army colonels. He
was jailed and sent into exile. Tzannetakis began a 30-year career
in politics after the military regime collapsed.
2010 Apr 1, In Guinea-Bissau
renegade soldiers seized the head of the armed forces and briefly
detained PM Carlos Gomes Jr. in an apparent coup attempt in the
tiny, coup-plagued African nation where the president was
assassinated last year. Hours later, the mutinous soldiers released
the prime minister, but the head of the armed forces Zamora Induta
remained under guard at a military base while Antonio Ndjai, his No.
2, appeared to be in control.
2010 Apr 1, India began a
yearlong census of its billion-plus population in which it plans to
photograph and fingerprint every citizen over the age of 15 to
create a national database and then issue its first national
2010 Apr 1, An Israeli military
judge ordered the release of 10 Palestinians, including a senior
Fatah official, detained at a March 27 protest march through a West
2010 Apr 1, Kenya's parliament
unanimously passed a draft constitution that is one of several key
reforms experts say are needed to avoid a repeat of political
violence that shook the country after the disputed 2007 election.
This set the stage for Kenya to go to a referendum on the draft
charter within 90 days, marking the final steps in a decades-long
process to rewrite the constitution.
2010 Apr 1, The International
Criminal Court announced that it will investigate members of Kenya's
two ruling parties on charges that they instigated violence that
killed more than 1,000 people after the disputed 2007 presidential
2010 Apr 1, Nigerian
authorities charged 20 people over their roles in sectarian clashes
that killed hundreds in central Plateau state last month, and some
could face the death penalty.
2010 Apr 1, A North Korea a
senior economist said private markets closed temporarily due to a
delay in setting prices after a currency redenomination, but the
economy has stabilized and markets reopened.
2010 Apr 1, Pakistani troops
stormed militant positions and helicopters destroyed vehicles
carrying insurgents near the Afghan border, killing 28 suspected
militants and forcing thousands of civilians to flee.
2010 Apr 1, In northeastern
Peru a mudslide killed five people in the town of Cancejos.
2010 Apr 1, Suspected Somali
pirates fired on a US Navy warship off East Africa in what appeared
to be a ransom-seeking attack on an American guided missile frigate.
The USS Nicholas returned fire on the pirate skiff, sinking it and
confiscating a nearby mothership. The Navy took five pirates into
2010 Apr 1, In Thailand 6
people were shot dead by suspected militants and 10 police officers
were wounded by a roadside bomb in the latest attacks in Thailand's
2010 Apr 1, In Uganda a
presidential adviser said more than 5,000 people whose lips and ears
were cut off by rebels waging a more than 20-year insurgency in
northern Uganda will receive compensation from the government.
2010 Apr 1, In Yemen about 40
southern separatists reportedly escaped from a prison after a guard
lobbed a hand grenade to disperse an inmates' protest at the
facility in Daleh. Yemen's interior ministry denied the police
report. Police shot dead one protester and wounded five others in
Radfan as they opened fire to disperse a demonstration led by
(AP, 4/1/10)(AFP, 4/1/10)
2011 Apr 1, Southwest Airlines
Flight 812 lost cabin pressure following a fuselage rupture just
after takeoff from Phoenix. The Boeing 737-300 landed safely in Yuma
with no injuries. Inspectors later found small cracks in 3 more
Southwest planes. Some 300 flights were cancelled over the next 2
days as Southwest examined 79 similar planes.
(SFC, 4/4/11, p.A6)
2011 Apr 1, In Mississippi a
school bus collided with a tractor trailer near Shaw. A girl (10)
was killed and at least 10 people were injured.
(SFC, 4/2/11, p.A5)
2011 Apr 1, In Afghanistan 7
foreigners including 4 Nepalese guards were killed after
demonstrators protesting a reported burning of the Muslim holy book
stormed a UN office in Mazar-e-Sharif, opening fire on guards and
setting fires inside the compound. Those killed included Nepalese
guards who were working for the UN and other foreigners employed at
the complex, as well as Joakim Dungel (33), a Swede who worked on
human rights; Lt. Col. Siri Skare (53), a female pilot from Norway
who was an adviser; and Filaret Motco (43), a Romanian who worked in
the political section of the UN Five Afghan protesters were also
killed and others wounded.
(AP, 4/1/11)(Reuters, 4/2/11)(SFC, 4/2/11,
2011 Apr 1, Bahrain human
rights organization and opposition groups said at least 20 people
have been killed in total, since protests began February 14 and
hundreds of activists have been either detained or questioned since
martial law went into effect in mid-March.
2011 Apr 1, Cambodian PM Hun
Sen declared his personal assets to the country's new
anti-corruption unit and urged officials to follow his lead in a bid
to tackle rampant graft.
2011 Apr 1, In Egypt thousands
of people filled Tahrir Square to call for Egypt's military
government to harshly punish members of ex-President Hosni Mubarak's
2011 Apr 1, Greek authorities
said an Italian radical anarchist group, the Informal Anarchist
Federation, has claimed responsibility for three mail bomb attacks
on a Greek prison, an office of the Swiss nuclear power industry and
an Italian military barracks.
(AP, 4/1/11)(SFC, 4/1/11, p.A2)
2011 Apr 1, In Iraq a suicide
bomber disguised as a street cleaner walked up to soldiers outside a
mosque and blew himself up, killing two of the troops and a
worshipper in Fallujah, a city that was once an al-Qaida hotbed.
Hundreds of anti-government protesters rallied in Baghdad's Tahrir
Square and in Sulaimaniyah, one of the three provinces of autonomous
Kurdish region in Iraq's north, demanding better government
services, an end to corruption and more jobs.
2011 Apr 1, Israel asked the
United Nations to help prevent activists sailing to Gaza on the
first anniversary of the bloody Israeli seizure of a Turkish ship
that tried to reach the blockaded Palestinian enclave.
2011 Apr 1, In Ivory Coast
heavy fighting raged near the presidential palace and mansion and
the state TV broadcaster in Abidjan as armed forces loyal to the
elected leader tried to install him to power and oust the country's
2011 Apr 1, Jordanian police
moved in to separate hundreds of government supporters and
pro-reform activists who were holding rival rallies outside the
municipal offices in Amman.
2011 Apr 1, A Libyan opposition
leader said rebels will agree to a cease-fire if Moammar Gadhafi
pulls his military forces out of cities and allows peaceful protests
against his regime, as rebels showed signs that their front-line
organization is improving. Gaddafi's forces stormed the western
rebel outpost of Misrata with tanks and artillery. Sustained gunfire
rang out near Gaddafi's heavily fortified compound in Tripoli and
residents said they saw snipers on rooftops and pools of blood on
the streets. A coalition air raid reportedly killed 13 people, four
of them civilians, some 15 km east of the battleground town of
(AP, 4/1/11)(Reuters, 4/1/11)(AFP, 4/2/11)
2011 Apr 1, A Libyan rebel
official said a plan to sell rebel-held oil to buy weapons and other
supplies has been reached with Qatar.
2011 Apr 1, In Mexico gunmen
opened fire on a burrito truck in the border city of Ciudad Juarez,
killing the vendor, his 10-year-old son and 3 other people. A
17-year-old boy was among seven people killed in three shootings
around Monterrey. In the western state of Michoacan, four
bullet-ridden bodies were found in different towns.
(AP, 4/1/11)(AFP, 4/2/11)
2011 Apr 1, Nigeria tightened
security and shut its land borders ahead of the start of a landmark
election period to choose a new legislature, president and state
governors over three successive weekends.
2011 Apr 1, In central Nigeria
a fuel tanker overturned at an army checkpoint, sparking an inferno
in which 17 vehicles were engulfed in flames. Some 50 people were
2011 Apr 1, Norway announced an
oil find some 120 miles north of its mainland in the Barents Sea.
The Skrugard find was believed to contain some 500 million barrels
(SFC, 5/2/11, p.D2)(http://tinyurl.com/44ljesw)
2011 Apr 1, In northwestern
Pakistan Islamist militants attacked a terminal used by trucks
carrying supplies for NATO troops in Afghanistan, killing three
Pakistani guards at the site. A suicide bomber killed a boy (12) and
wounded five other people after he was identified and shot at market
in Darra Adam Khel, also in the northwest.
(AP, 4/1/11)(AFP, 4/1/11)
2011 Apr 1, In the southern
Philippines gunmen linked to a criminal gang kidnapped 16 people,
most of them teachers, from an elementary school graduation ceremony
in Prosperidad town. At least four small-scale miners were buried
alive in a landslide in the mountainous Tampakan area.
(AP, 4/2/11)(AFP, 4/2/11)
2011 Apr 1, Debt-stressed
Portugal got some respite from its financial troubles when it
managed to borrow euro1.645 billion ($2.3 billion) in a bond
2011 Apr 1, A Spanish court
issued an international arrest warrant seeking the extradition of
Jorge Sosa Orantes (53), a former Guatemalan soldier for his alleged
part in the massacre in the village of Dos Erres in 1982 in which
more than 100 people died. Sosa has been in custody in Canada since
January on US charges of lying about his role in Guatemala's war
when he applied for American citizenship in 2008.
2011 Apr 1, In Switzerland 3
people were killed and one was injured on after seven ski hikers
from Germany were swept away by a giant avalanche high in the
southwestern Swiss Alps.
2011 Apr 1, Thousands of
Syrians shouting "We want freedom!" marched in Daraa city, which has
become the epicenter of an extraordinary protest movement as
security forces deployed across the country. At least 10 people were
killed as security forces cracked down on demonstrations in Douma.
(AP, 4/1/11)(AP, 4/2/11)(SFC, 4/4/11, p.A3)
2011 Apr 1, In southern
Thailand heavy rains finally eased, where flooding and mudslides
over the past week killed 25 people.
2011 Apr 1, The UAR-owned MV
Arrilah-1 came under attack in the Arabian Sea off the coast of Oman
while sailing from Australia to Dubai. Emirati special forces, with
support from the US Navy's 5th Fleet, launched a mission to rescue
the vessel while 21 crew members kept safe by locking themselves in
a secure room during the hijacking. 10 pirates were captured and
handed over to Abu Dhabi.
(AFP, 4/2/11)(AP, 4/6/11)
2011 Apr 1, The United Nations'
highest court threw out Georgia's complaint accusing Russia and
separatist militias of years of ethnic cleansing in two breakaway
Georgian provinces. The court said it had no jurisdiction in the
case because Russia and Georgia had never attempted to negotiate a
settlement to the dispute before Georgia brought it to the court.
2011 Apr 1, In Yemen hundreds
of thousands packed a square in the capital and marched in villages
and cities across the nation in what appeared to be the largest
demonstrations in more than a month of demands the country's
longtime ruler step down.
2011 Apr 1, African leaders
delivered a thinly veiled rebuke to Zimbabwe Pres. Mugabe, after a
security summit sharply demanded an end to political violence ahead
of expected polls.
2012 Apr 1, Comic actor Adam
Sandler and his movie "Jack and Jill" swept the annual Razzies,
winning a record-breaking 10 awards for the worst film and
performances of 2011. This year the Golden Raspberry Foundation
handed out its rewards on April Fool's Day in a change of tradition
that for years saw the Razzies announced on the eve of the Oscars.
2012 Apr 1, Occupy SF activists
took over an unoccupied building at 888 Turk Street, owned by the
Archdiocese of San Francisco, following a peaceful rally and march
earlier in the day.
(SFC, 4/2/12, p.A1)
2012 Apr 1, Jamaa Fanaka
(b.1942), a black activist filmmaker, was found dead at his Los
Angeles apartment. His films included “Penitentiary” (1979).
(SFC, 4/5/12, p.C4)
2012 Apr 1, In Denver Jimma
Reat (26), an immigrant from Sudan, reluctantly followed a 911
dispatcher's order to return to the scene of a road rage crime,
where he was fatally shot while waiting for police.
(ABC News, 4/3/12)
2012 Apr 1, In Florida
thousands of protesters gathered in a downtown bayfront park in
Miami demanding the arrest of the neighborhood watch volunteer who
shot and killed an unarmed black teenager, Trayvon Martin. Today’s
protest came a day after one of the largest demonstrations yet in
Sanford, the central Florida town where Martin was killed.
2012 Apr 1, In Missouri a
converted tractor trailer crashed near Williamsburg killing 5
Minnesota family members and injuring 13 survivors including driver
Adam Kerber (17).
(SFC, 4/3/12, p.A9)
2012 Apr 1, In Afghanistan Toor
Jan, an officer in charge of several checkpoints in Uruzgan
province's capital Tarin Kot, died along with one of his bodyguards
when their vehicle passed through an area where explosives had been
2012 Apr 1, Britain’s Sunday
Telegraph newspaper reported that security services have uncovered a
plot to assassinate exiled Chechen separatist Akhmed Zakayev in
London. The paper said it has seen documents outlining the MI5
security agency's fears that Ramzan Kadyrov, the Kremlin-backed head
of Russia's volatile Chechen republic, wanted former rebel commander
2012 Apr 1, In Ethiopia African
Union mediators redoubled their efforts to kickstart crisis talks
between Sudan and South Sudan after fresh fighting that Khartoum
accuses Juba of backing.
2012 Apr 1, In Hong Kong some
15 thousand people noisily protested against the city's incoming
leader, Leung Chun-ying, and decried Beijing's alleged interference
in the election that propelled him to office.
2012 Apr 1, Fugitive Iraqi Vice
President Tariq al-Hashemi traveled to Qatar on what the gulf nation
called an “official visit.”
(SFC, 4/2/12, p.A2)
2012 Apr 1, In Kenya at least
one person was killed and 18 were wounded in attacks on a restaurant
in Mombasa city and a church gathering in the nearby town of Mtwapa.
2012 Apr 1, In Mali Tuaregs
attacked Timbuktu in their fight to create a homeland for the
Sahara's blue-turbaned nomads. Capt. Sanogo, who overthrew the
democratically elected leader earlier this month and dissolved the
nation's constitution, made a public U-turn, declaring amid enormous
international pressure that he was reinstating the 1992 constitution
and planning to hold elections.
2012 Apr 1, Miguel de la Madrid
(b.1934), former president of Mexico (1982-1988), died. He led the
country during an economic crisis and a devastating earthquake
(1985). He was the first in a string of presidents who pulled Mexico
away from a state-dominated economy and toward free trade.
2012 Apr 1, Myanmar held
landmark elections. The by-election was called to fill just 45
vacant seats in Myanmar's 664-seat national Parliament. Supporters
of the opposition icon Aung San Suu Kyi erupted in euphoric cheers
after her party said she won a parliamentary seat in a landmark
election. Her National League for Democracy stormed to victory in 43
of the 44 constituencies where it fielded candidates.
(AP, 4/1/12)(AFP, 4/3/12)
2012 Apr 1, In northern Nigeria
a petrol tanker crashed then later exploded and caught fire, killing
at least 12 people who had rushed to the scene to scoop fuel from
the damaged vehicle.
2012 Apr 1, Nigerian Aliko
Dangote, Africa's richest man, donated 500,000 dollars to victims of
last month's munitions blasts in Brazzaville, Congo, which killed at
least 282 people.
2012 Apr 1, Three Palestinian
children were found dead in a fire in their room caused by a candle
being used due to lack of electricity in Gaza.
2012 Apr 1, The top Palestinian
envoy to the US awarded longtime American journalist Helen Thomas
for taking a stand against the Israeli occupation. Her May 2010
comments against the Israeli occupation forced her into retirement
and were denounced by the White House and her press corps
2012 Apr 1, Russian police
detained about 55 protesters outside the gates to Red Square, which
was unexpectedly closed to all visitors and tourists to prevent an
2012 Apr 1, In Serbia a fire at
the Contrast nightclub in Novi Sad left six people dead. The owner
of a nightclub, Alojz G., was detained by police.
2012 Apr 1, Syria blasted an
international conference on the country's spreading crisis before it
even started in Istanbul, calling it part of an international
conspiracy to kill Syrians and weaken the country. Monitors said at
least 16 people were killed, including eight soldiers who died
during ambushes and gun battles in the east, northwest and near
Damascus. Participants at the 60-nation “Friends of the Syrian
People” meeting said Saudi Arabia and other Gulf countries are
creating a multimillion-dollar fund to pay members of the rebel Free
Syrian Army and soldiers who defect from the regime and join
(AP, 4/1/12)(AFP, 4/1/12)(SSFC, 4/1/12, p.A5)
2012 Apr 1, Taiwan said it will
double its quota of independent Chinese tourists to allow up to
1,000 visitors a day, effective April 28, less than a year after
lifting a ban on solo travel from the mainland.
2012 Apr 1, In southern Yemen
Al-Qaida-linked militants staged a pre-dawn surprise attack on an
army base, killing seven soldiers in Hadramout province. Yemen's
army shelled Al-Qaeda hideouts in the southern city of Zinjibar, one
of the jihadists' major strongholds, killing six militants. A Somali
group leader named Abu Bilal" was said to be among those killed.
(AP, 4/1/12)(AFP, 4/2/12)
2013 Apr 1, Arkansas
legislators passed a law requiring voters to show photo ID at the
polls, overriding Gov. Mike Beebe’s veto. In 2014 a judge struck
down the voter ID law, but the state Supreme Court stayed the
judge’s ruling pending an appeal.
(SFC, 4/2/13, p.A6)(SFC, 5/15/14, p.A6)
2013 Apr 1, In California a US
federal judge granted Stockton’s request for bankruptcy, making it
the largest city in US history to go bankrupt.
(SFC, 4/2/13, p.C1)
2013 Apr 1, Facebook lost a bid
to end a trademark-infringement lawsuit over its use of “timeline”
and related terms. Timelines Inc. started a website in 2009 that
lets users create chronologies tracing historical events. It sued
Facebook in September 2011, a week af FB announced it was adding a
“timeline” feature to its user pages.
(SFC, 4/2/13, p.D3)
2013 Apr 1, Central African
Republic's coup leader, Michel Djotodia, further solidified his hold
on the government after announcing that he will serve as both
president and defense minister, while other top posts are going to
his fellow rebels.
2013 Apr 1, In Egypt an
outbreak of food poisoning at al-Azhar University forced the
hospitalization of 479 students. It occurred after a meal served at
the university dormitories in Cairo's Nasr City district. The
outbreak led to student protests.
2013 Apr 1, India’s Supreme
Court rejected a patent application by Novartis for Gleevec, a major
cancer drug. The ruling allows Indian makers of generic drugs to
continue making copycat versions of the drug. The wholesale of the
brand-name version was about $77,000 for a year’s supply.
(SFC, 4/2/13, p.A2)(SFC, 4/15/13, p.A8)
2013 Apr 1, In Iraq a suicide
bomber drove a fuel-laden truck into a police station in Tikrit,
killing 7 policemen. Gunmen attacked workers at a remote gas field
near the Syria border, killing two men and kidnapping one. Gunmen
broke into the offices of four independent newspapers in Baghdad and
stabbed and beat five employees there.
(AP, 4/1/13)(AP, 4/2/13)
2013 Apr 1, In Liberia Moses
Blah, the man who served as president for two months after Charles
Taylor stepped down, died in Monrovia.
2013 Apr 1, Pop diva Modanna
arrived in Malawi to tour the 10 school wings she has helped to
2013 Apr 1, In Myanmar 4
privately run daily newspapers hit newsstands for the first time in
2013 Apr 1, North Korea's
parliament approved the appointment of Pak Pong Ju as the new
premier. A day earlier the economic technocrat was made a full
member of the Politburo. He was the North's premier in 2003-2007,
and was seen by outside experts as an economic reformer.
(AP, 4/1/13)(SFC, 4/2/13, p.A2)
2013 Apr 1, Pakistani housewife
Badam Zari (40) made history by becoming the first woman to run for
parliament from the country's northwest tribal region.
2013 Apr 1, Palestinian
militant group Hamas re-elected longtime leader Khaled Mashaal (56)
in a vote held in Cairo. He ran unopposed in the vote, winning the
support of a majority in Hamas' Shura Council which has about 60
2013 Apr 1, Gaza's
Hamas-controlled parliament announced a new law requiring separate
classes for boys and girls in public and private schools from the
fourth grade rather than the current 7th grade. The education law
also bars male teachers from teaching in girls' schools. It will go
effect at the start of the new school year in September.
2013 Apr 1, Barbara Piasecka
Johnson (b.1937), the Polish widow of J. Seward Johnson Sr.
(d.1983), heir to millions made from bandages, baby oil and
pharmaceutical products, died. She had inherited much of the Johnson
& Johnson fortune after a sensational court battle with her six
2013 Apr 1, A Saudi newspaper
said the kingdom's religious police are now allowing women to ride
motorbikes and bicycles but only in restricted, recreational areas.
They also have to be accompanied by a male relative and dressed in
the full Islamic head-to-toe abaya.
2013 Apr 1, South Korea said it
will strike back quickly if the North stages any attack.
2013 Apr 1, Sudan’s Pres. Omar
al-Bashir declared that he would release all political prisoners. 7
political prisoners, including a female politician, were released at
midnight from Kober prison in Khartoum, after they were held there
for over two months without trial.
(AP, 4/2/13)(Econ, 4/6/13, p.57)
2014 Apr 1, A drug-smuggling
tunnel with rail systems stretching hundreds of yards across the
US-Mexico border was discovered by law enforcement officials.
Glennys Rodriguez (73) from the San Diego suburb of Chula Vista was
charged the next day with helping run the operation. A 2nd tunnel
was found on April 3.
2014 Apr 1, California’s
PG&E was indicted on 12 federal counts related to the 2010 gas
pipeline explosion that leveled a San Bruno neighborhood and killed
(SFC, 4/2/14, p.A1)
2014 Apr 1, In downtown San
Francisco the First Church of the Last Laugh hosted the 36th annual
St. Stupid’s Day Parade.
(SFC, 4/2/14, p.A1)
2014 Apr 1, Chin Long Chiang
(b.1914), UC professor and biostatistics pioneer, died at his home
in Berkeley, Ca. He had begun applying statistical methods to the
world of health care and the study of diseases in the 1950s.
(SFC, 4/25/14, p.D3)
2014 Apr 1, Sen. Carl Levin, a
Michigan Democrat, opened a hearing on Caterpillar Inc.’s avoidance
of some $2.4 billion in taxes by shifting profits to a
wholly-controlled affiliate in Switzerland.
2014 Apr 1, Britain said PM
David Cameron has ordered an investigation into the Muslim
Brotherhood over concerns that the group is planning radical
activities from a base in London.
2014 Apr 1, A magnitude 8.2
earthquake struck off the coast of northern Chile near the copper
exporting port of Iquique, killing 7 and triggering a tsunami that
pounded the shore with 2m (7-foot) waves. The quake allowed some 300
inmates to escape from the Iquique women’s prison.
(Reuters, 4/2/14)(SSFC, 4/6/14, p.A4)
2014 Apr 1, China's Defense
Ministry said inspectors have uncovered widespread irregularities
and suspected corruption among military units based around Beijing,
a sign that a widening anti-graft campaign that is turning to the
sprawling 2.3 million-member People's Liberation Army.
2014 Apr 1, In China protests
against a proposed chemical plant in Maoming city, Guangdong
province, spread to Guangzhou, the provincial capital, even as
authorities signaled they may back down on construction plans in
attempt to head off more unrest.
2014 Apr 1, China's foreign
ministry expressed anger after Ilham Tohti, a prominent detained
Uighur academic, won a human rights award in the United States,
saying that he was a suspected criminal.
2014 Apr 1, Human Rights Watch
said China has pressured Nepal to impose tough controls on thousands
of Tibetan refugees, including arbitrary detention, excessive use of
force and intrusive surveillance.
2014 Apr 1, In Egypt violent
clashes erupted in Cairo and three other cities between police and
university students loyal to the ousted Islamist president.
2014 Apr 1, Wissam Tarif, a
Lebanese national who works for Avaaz, an online activism network,
arrived in Egypt in the morning and was deported in the evening. He
had come to present officials with a petition bearing over a million
signatures asking for the lifting of death sentences against 529
supporters of ousted Islamist Pres. Morsi.
2014 Apr 1, The EU’s economy
chief Olli Rehn's said the EU will make a swift payment of financial
aid to Ukraine and dismissed the possibility of economic sanctions
against Russia unless it takes more action.
2014 Apr 1, In France Manuel
Valls took up the post of President Francois Hollande's prime
minister, replacing Jean-Marc Ayrault who resigned in the wake of
the ruling Socialists' rout in local elections at the weekend.
2014 Apr 1, In Greece eight
Nigrita Prison guards were charged with torturing to death an
Albanian convict accused of fatally stabbing a guard in another jail
after being refused temporary release to visit his critically ill
mother. Ilie Kareli (42) was found fatally injured in his cell last
week after a severe beating.
2014 Apr 1, In Iraq a national
election campaign officially kicked off ahead of the April 30 vote.
A series of attacks north of Baghdad killed 8 soldiers.
2014 Apr 1, Japan eased its
weapons export restrictions in the first major overhaul of arms
transfer policy in nearly half a century.
2014 Apr 1, Japan raised its
sales tax to 8% from 5%, moving to stabilize government finances and
reduce soaring debt, but at the risk of undermining a shaky economic
2014 Apr 1, People in Japan
began their first homecomings in three years to a small area
evacuated after the Fukushima disaster.
2014 Apr 1, Japan’s
government-funded Riken Center said data in a widely heralded
stem-cell research paper was falsified. Haruko Obokata, the lead
researcher accused of the malpractice, denied any wrongdoing.
2014 Apr 1, In Kenya unknown
attackers in Mombasa shot dead Abubakar Shariff Ahmed, more commonly
known as Makaburi (meaning graveyard in Swahili). He was accused by
the US and the UN Security Council of supporting Somali militants.
(Reuters, 4/4/14)(SFC, 4/3/14, p.A2)(Econ,
2014 Apr 1, Lebanon's
parliament approved a much-anticipated law that protects women
against domestic violence after a years-long campaign by women's
rights activists and the recent slaying of four women.
2014 Apr 1, In northern Myanmar
illegal Chinese logging and demand for monkey bones threatened the
rare snub-nosed monkey according to British-based Fauna & Flora
International. The International Union for Conservation of Nature
(IUCN) estimated that only 260 to 330 survive in the wild.
2014 Apr 1, NATO foreign
ministers agreed to suspend all practical cooperation with Russia,
draft measures to strengthen defenses and reassure nervous eastern
European countries in the worst East-West crisis since the Cold War
ended in 1991.
2014 Apr 1, A Nigerian Shariah
court freed two men accused of gay sex and belonging to a homosexual
club, saying the prosecution failed to prove its case. The two were
among 12 detained in northern Bauchi state in January.
2014 Apr 1, Philippine
officials said government prosecutors will file plunder cases in an
anti-graft court against three senators for misuse of congressional
funds worth billions of pesos. Juan Ponce Enrile, former movie actor
Ramon Revilla Jr and Jose "Jinggoy" Estrada, son of former president
and Manila Mayor Joseph Estada - were found to have amassed 172
million pesos, 242 million pesos and 183 million pesos,
respectively, from illegal kickbacks.
2014 Apr 1, Russia warned
Ukraine against integration with NATO, saying Kiev's previous
attempts to move closer to the bloc had strained ties with Russia
and caused problems between Moscow and the defense alliance. Russia
sharply hiked the price for natural gas to Ukraine and threatened to
reclaim billions previous discounts. Ukrainian police moved to
disarm members of a radical nationalist group after a shooting spree
in the capital.
(Reuters, 4/1/14)(AP, 4/1/14)
2014 Apr 1, The Syrian
Observatory for Human Rights said at least 150,000 people have been
killed in Syria's three-year-old civil war, a third of them
2014 Apr 1, In Thailand gunmen
killed one person and wounded four others in an attack on
anti-government protesters in central Bangkok.
2014 Apr 1, In Turkey riot
police fired water cannon in Ankara to disperse thousands of people
protesting outside the Supreme Electoral Council (YSK) against local
election results which saw the ruling party dominate the electoral
map. Election results in Ankara were particularly close.
2014 Apr 1, The UN said it was
trying to evacuate 19,000 Muslims urgently from Bangui and other
parts of Central African Republic who are surrounded by anti-balaka
Christian militia threatening their lives.
2014 Apr 1, In western Yemen
clashes left dead 3 soldiers and 2 al-Qaida militants.
2015 Apr 1, President Barack
Obama ordered a new sanctions program which could block assets of US
and foreign hackers and of companies that seek to profit from
2015 Apr 1, The US federal
government said it is listing the northern long-eared bat as
threatened. The species has been nearly wiped out by the spread of a
fungal disease called the white nose syndrome, first identified near
Albany, NY, in 2006.
(SFC, 4/2/15, p.A5)
2015 Apr 1, California Gov.
Jerry Brown imposed a 25% reduction on water use for residents and
(SFC, 4/2/15, p.A1)
2015 Apr 1, In Atlanta,
Georgia, eleven former educators were convicted of racketeering
charges for their roles in a public schools cheating scandal.
(SFC, 4/2/15, p.A6)
2015 Apr 1, In Illinois Kamron
Taylor (23), a convicted murderer, escaped from the Jerome Combs
Detention Center in Kankakee. He was recaptured on Chicago’s
South Side on April 3.
(SFC, 4/2/15, p.A5)(SSFC, 4/5/15, p.A9)
2015 Apr 1, New Jersey
prominent Democratic Sen. Bob Menendez (61) was charged with
accepting nearly $1 million in gifts and campaign contributions from
longtime friend Florida eye Dr. Salomon Melgen in exchange for a
stream of political favors.
(AP, 4/2/15)(SFC, 10/17/17, p.A5)
2015 Apr 1, On Wall Street
GoDaddy, a provider of Internet domain name registration and hosting
services, closed at $26.15 in an IPO that opened at $20 per share.
The Arizona-based company was founded in 1997 by Bob Parsons.
(SFC, 4/2/15, p.C1)
2015 Apr 1, Amnesty Int’l.
released its latest annual report on the death penalty. It said
Egypt and Nigeria had accounted for over 1,000 of the 2,466 death
sentences in 55 countries reported last year.
(SFC, 4/3/15, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/k4kowoz)
2015 Apr 1, Egypt's Pres.
Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi welcomed the restoration of US military aid, a
victory in his quest to eliminate some of the last international
penalties on his government following his 2013 overthrow of the
country's elected Islamist president.
2015 Apr 1, German police
Officer Detlev Guenzel was convicted of murder for killing Wojciech
Stempniewicz, whom he met in an Internet chat forum devoted to
cannibalism in November, 2013. A regional court in Dresden sentenced
Guenzel to eight years and six months in prison. In 2016 a retrial
sentenced Guenzel to eight years and seven months.
(AP, 4/1/15)(AFP, 12/13/16)
2015 Apr 1, In Greece thousands
of pensioners joined protest rallies to demand that the country's
new left-wing government end cuts to their monthly payments.
2015 Apr 1, Iraq declared a
"magnificent victory" over the Islamic State group in Tikrit, a key
step in driving the militants out of their biggest strongholds.
2015 Apr 1, Italy and the Holy
See signed an accord to cooperate on fiscal matters, as the Vatican
works to improve transparency after a string of financial scandals.
2015 Apr 1, In Japan Misao
Okawa (117), identified as the world’s oldest person, died in Osaka
a few weeks after celebrating her birthday.
(SFC, 4/2/15, p.A2)
2015 Apr 1, Jordan closed its
main border crossing with Syria amid fierce clashes between rebels
and pro-regime forces for control of the Jaber post.
2015 Apr 1, An explosion and
fire struck Mexico’s Abkatun A-Permanente platform. Eight
firefighting vessels with water cannon battled the blaze on the
offshore oil platform for hours. The inferno killed 4 workers and
forced 300 to be evacuated.
2015 Apr 1, In Nepal some five
thousand doctors stayed away from work at clinics and hospitals to
support a colleague who has been on a hunger strike for 10 days
demanding reforms in medical education and services.
2015 Apr 1, Nigerian election
winner Muhammadu Buhari congratulated outgoing President Goodluck
Jonathan for peacefully relinquishing power.
2015 Apr 1, In northeastern
Nigeria 9 Chadian soldiers were killed and 16 wounded after being
ambushed by Boko Haram fighters between Malam Fatori and the border
town of Bosso in Niger.
2015 Apr 1, Palestine formally
joined the International Criminal Court, a move the Palestinians
hope could open the door to the possible prosecution of Israelis for
alleged war crimes.
2015 Apr 1, In Russia Zaur
Dadaev, a man charged with the killing of Russian opposition
politician Boris Nemtsov, told the court he was beaten and pressured
to confess. Dadaev was an ex-commander of the “North battalion,” a
Chechen group made up of Pres. Ramzan Kadyrov’s irregular forces.
(AP, 4/1/15)(Econ., 3/14/15, p.55)
2015 Apr 1, Russia’s
statistical service said wage arrears have risen to $56 million as
the country’s economy contracted. Unpaid labor has led to strikes
around the country.
(SFC, 4/22/15, p.A5)
2015 Apr 1, In Syria Islamic
State militants infiltrated the Yarmouk Palestinian refugee camp in
Damascus, marking the deepest foray yet by the extremist group into
2015 Apr 1, Thailand's ruling
junta, known as the National Council for Peace and Order, announced
in a televised statement that it had lifted martial law, which had
been in place nationwide since just before a coup 10 months ago.
Coup leader Prayuth Chan-ocha said he will invoke a special security
measure in the junta-imposed interim constitution called Article 44.
Critics say it gives Prayuth unchecked authority over all three
branches of government and absolves him of any legal responsibility
for his actions.
2015 Apr 1, In Turkey a
militant tried to storm the police headquarters in Istanbul. Police
opened fire in response, killing the female assailant who was armed
with grenades and guns. Turkish media named the dead woman as Elif
Sultan Kalsen (28), saying she was a known member of the DHKP-C.
2015 Apr 1, Ukraine rejected
Georgia's request for the extradition of its former president,
Mikhail Saakashvili, who is facing a criminal probe at home.
2015 Apr 1, In Vietnam
thousands of workers at a major footwear factory were on strike for
a sixth day over a social insurance law in a rare challenge to
government policy. The strike at the Taiwanese-owned Pou Yuen
factory in southern Ho Chi Minh City began March 26.
2015 Apr 1, In Yemen Saudi-led
coalition warplanes bombed Shiite rebel positions in both the north
and south, setting off explosions and drawing return fire from
(AP, 4/1/15)(SFC, 4/2/15, p.A3)
2016 Apr 1, In Virginia
Romanian hacker Marcel Lazar, aka Guccifer, made an initial court
appearance on charges of wire fraud, cyberstalking and alleged hacks
into accounts of the Bush family.
(SSFC, 4/3/16, p.A6)
2016 Apr 1, In western
Afghanistan 11 men employed by the HALO Trust mine clearing
organization were abducted in Herat province. At least 11 people
were killed in a road accident just outside Herat.
2016 Apr 1, Britain's
Conservative government raised the minimum wage by 7.5 percent in a
move denounced by critics as largely symbolic in an era of state
austerity. Workers aged 25 and over will now earn a minimum hourly
gross wage of £7.20 ($10.36, 9.10 euros) compared with £6.70
2016 Apr 1, In London delivery
driver Junead Khan (25) was convicted of plotting to kill US troops
based in England by staging road accidents with soldiers' cars and
then attacking them with knives and possibly a home-made bombs. He
and his uncle Shazib Khan (23) were also convicted of planning to
join IS in Syria.
2016 Apr 1, The European Union
reported sanctions on three Libyan officials accused of hindering
the new UN-brokered unity government there from beginning its work.
2016 Apr 1, Lebanon's security
forces said they have dismantled the country's largest known sex
trafficking ring and freed 75 mainly Syrian women.
2016 Apr 1, Libya's UN-backed
unity government won the support of guards who secure the country's
key oil terminals, the latest pledge of loyalty for a cabinet facing
strong opposition from rival political forces.
2016 Apr 1, Mexican
investigators said they have found evidence of a large fire in which
at least 17 bodies were burned at a dump in the town of Cocula,
Guerrero state, where the government has said the students' bodies
ended up after disappearing in nearby Iguala on Sept. 26, 2014.
2016 Apr 1, Myanmar's upper
house of parliament approved a bill that gives Aung San Suu Kyi a
powerful government role, despite opposition from the military on
the second day of her party's new administration.
2016 Apr 1, Nigeria's army
reportedly arrested Khalid al-Barnawi (aka Usman Umar Abubakar),
leader of the Islamist militant group Ansaru, in the city of Lokoja.
Ansaru is a splinter faction of Boko Haram that has been accused of
kidnapping and killing Westerners.
(Reuters, 4/4/16)(SFC, 4/5/16, p.A2)
2016 Apr 1, It was reported
that North Korea officially announced this week that it is blocking
Facebook, YouTube, Twitter and South Korean websites in a move
underscoring its concern with the spread of online information. Very
few North Koreans have Internet access.
2016 Apr 1, In the Philippines
police clashed with farmers blocking a highway to demand government
relief in the drought-stricken south, leaving at least two
demonstrators dead and dozens injured, including at least 23
officers in Kidapawan, Cotabato province.
2016 Apr 1, Eight suspected
Filipino Muslim gunmen on board a speed boat took four Malaysians
from the MV Massive 6 late today but left behind five other crewmen
from Myanmar and Indonesia as the tugboat sailed to Tawau island in
Malaysia's eastern state of Sabah.
2016 Apr 1, In Poland the PiS
government began its “Family 500+” program. Together with families
with two children or more, parents with a combined monthly income
below 800 PLN (€184) will also be eligible to get 500 extra PLN per
month starting from their first child. The first payments would be
made in July.
2016 Apr 1, Syrian state news
said troops have identified 45 bodies so far in a mass grave found
in the city of Palmyra after it was recaptured from Islamic State.
2016 Apr 1, The Syrian
government released freelance photographer Patrick Dawes (33), who
was captured in 2012.
(SFC, 4/9/16, p.A2)
2016 Apr 1, Turkish warplanes
carried out air strikes in northern Iraq, destroying ammunition
depots and shelters in an areas where the outlawed Kurdistan Workers
Party (PKK) has camps.
2016 Apr 1, The UN peacekeeping
mission in Democratic Republic of Congo said that it has received
allegations of sexual abuse against Tanzanian peacekeepers based in
2017 Apr 1, An executive order
by the former Obama administration came into effect banning the box
declaration of criminal history for all federal jobs.
(SFC, 9/25/17 p.25)
2017 Apr 1, In Alaska workers
of Hilcorp Alaska LLC discovered an oil sheen and bubbling from
under the company’s Anna platform on the west side of Cook Inlet. It
was not clear how much oil had spilled into the inlet southwest of
(SFC, 4/3/17, p.A4)
2017 Apr 1, Acclaimed Russian
poet Yevgeny Yevtushenko (b.1932) died in Tulsa, Oklahoma. In 1961
he gained international acclaim with the poem “Babi Yar,” that told
of the Nazi slaughter of almost 34,000 Jews and denounced the
anti-Semitism that had spread throughout the Soviet Union.
(SSFC, 4/2/17, p.C11)(Econ, 4/22/17, p.82)
2017 Apr 1, In Afghanistan at
least nine civilians were killed late today after an army commando
unit detonated a cache of ordinance found in southern Helmand
province. The explosions caused the roof of their house to collapse.
2017 Apr 1, Tens of thousands
of Australians were stranded by floodwaters after the remnants of
Cyclone Debbie swept along the country's east coast, cutting roads,
destroying bridges. The storm left three people dead.
(Reuters, 4/1/17)(Reuters, 4/2/17)
2017 Apr 1, China announced
that it is going to establish a special economic area in a province
neighboring Beijing as part of a plan to integrate the capital with
its surrounding areas. China revealed plans for the 100-square km.
Xiongan New Area, a “new first-class international city” in Hebei
(AP, 4/1/17)(Econ, 4/8/17, p.38)
2017 Apr 1, In northern China
an explosion in a residential building Shanxi province this evening
killed at least nine and injured six. The blast was believed to have
been caused by illegally stored explosives.
2017 Apr 1, France announced a
billion euros ($1.07 billion) aid for strike-hit French Guiana, as
representatives of the Guianese told visiting ministers the South
American territory should be given "special status".
2017 Apr 1, Hungary launched an
anti-EU campaign that asked households in a survey their advice on
how to deal with Brussels policies that it says threaten Hungarians'
2017 Apr 1, In India a mob of
Hindus stopped trucks carrying dairy cows in Behror town, Rajasthan
state. Muslim men en route to Haryana state were pulled from the
trucks and beaten with sticks and iron rods. Pehlu Kahn died of his
wounds on April 4.
(SFC, 4/6/17, p.A4)
2017 Apr 1, In Indonesia
rescuers searched for more than three dozen people who were missing
after a rain-triggered landslide struck a village on the main island
of Java. Three were found over the next few days. 28-38 villagers
(AP, 4/1/17)(SSFC, 4/2/17, p.A4)(AP, 4/3/17)
2017 Apr 1, Indonesian
authorities destroyed 81 foreign ships after seizing the vessels for
fishing illegally in the country's waters. Most of the vessels were
from Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia and Thailand.
2017 Apr 1, Iraqi state TV said
Ayad al-Jumaili, the man believed to be the deputy of Islamic State
leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, has been killed in an air strike. A
government statement said Iraqi fighter jets have carried out
airstrikes on Islamic State targets outside Mosul, killing more than
100 militants in Baaj.
(Reuters, 4/1/17)(AP, 4/1/17)
2017 Apr 1, In Mexico a group
of 28 German tourists were robbed by men who stopped their bus on a
rural road in the southern state of Chiapas.
2017 Apr 1, Myanmar held
by-elections. Nine of the contested seats were in the Lower House,
three in the Upper House and the rest in state and regional
assemblies in ethnic minority areas. Suu Kyi's National League for
Democracy (NLD) won nine out of 19 seats in the national and
(AP, 4/1/17)(Reuters, 4/2/17)
2017 Apr 1, Norway kicked off
its annual six-month whale hunt season with a quota of 999 minke
whales, up from 880 animals in 2016.
2017 Apr 1, A Palestinian from
the occupied West Bank stabbed and wounded three Israelis in
Jerusalem's Old City before being shot dead by border guards.
2017 Apr 1, In Paraguay
opposition activist Rodrigo Quintana (25) was killed after violent
clashes overnight sparked by a secret Senate vote for a
constitutional amendment that would allow President Horacio Cartes
to run for re-election. Police arrested 211 people.
(Reuters, 4/1/17)(Econ, 4/8/17, p.30)
2017 Apr 1, Russian
investigators opened a criminal case against unidentified internet
users calling for what authorities say is an illegal anti-government
protest in central Moscow on April 2.
2017 Apr 1, A leading Russian
opposition newspaper confirmed a story that Chechen authorities were
arresting and killing gay men.
(SSFC, 4/2/17, p.A3)
2017 Apr 1, Malusi Gigaba,
South Africa's new finance minister said, he is aware of the
"climate of sharp disagreement and mutual suspicion" as his
predecessor's firing deepens a split in the country's ruling party,
and he promised to "radically transform" the economy to reach out to
people long marginalized.
2017 Apr 1, In South Africa
robbers, travelling in a BMW and a Mercedes-Benz, shot out the tires
of an armored truck as it traveled toward Johannesburg's
international airport shortly before noon. They escaped with an
undisclosed amount of money.
2017 Apr 1, Spanish police said
they have arrested 38 people and dismantled a criminal organization
dealing in credit card fraud on an international scale. The
victimized banks were mainly based in Italy, Britain, the United
States, Australia and Germany.
2017 Apr 1, In Sweden Bob Dylan
(75) received his Nobel literature diploma in a small afternoon
ceremony in Stockholm before performing a concert in the evening.
(SSFC, 4/2/17, p.A4)
2017 Apr 1, Turkey's foreign
minister said tens of thousands of displaced Syrians and refugees
have returned to an area controlled by Turkey and Turkish-backed
opposition fighters in northern Syria. US-backed Kurdish-led
fighters pressed their offensive in the north near a town held by
the Islamic State group.
2017 Apr 1, Ukraine complained
of "unprecedented and unacceptable" calls from the Eurovision Song
Contest's organizers for it to lift an entry ban on Russia's
contestant. Ukraine has barred Russia's 27-year-old singer Yulia
Samoilova over illegally entering Moscow-annexed Crimea for a 2015
2017 Apr 1, Venezuela's
pro-government Supreme Court revoked its controversial annulment of
the opposition-led Congress amid international condemnation and
protests against socialist President Nicolas Maduro.
Go to April 2